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HMC-ALH444
v03.0410
AMPLIFIERS - LOW NOISE - CHIP
1
GaAs HEMT MMIC LOW NOISE
AMPLIFIER, 1 - 12 GHz
Typical Applications
Features
This HMC-ALH444 is ideal for:
Noise Figure: 1.75 dB @ 10 GHz
• Wideband Communication Systems
Gain: 17 dB
• Surveillance Systems
P1dB Output Power: +19 dBm @ 5 GHz
• Point-to-Point Radios
Supply Voltage: +5V @ 55 mA
• Point-to-Multi-Point Radios
Die Size: 2.64 x 1.64 x 0.1 mm
• Military & Space
• Test Instrumentation
* VSAT
General Description
Functional Diagram
The HMC-ALH444 is a GaAs MMIC HEMT Low Noise
Wideband Amplifier die which operates between 1
and 12 GHz. The amplifier provides 17 dB of gain, 1.5
dB noise figure and +19 dBm of output power at 1 dB
gain compression while requiring only 55 mA from a
+5V supply voltage.
Electrical Specifi cations*, TA = +25° C, Vdd= +5V
Parameter
Min.
Frequency Range
Gain
Gain Variation over Temperature
Typ.
Max.
1 - 12
15
Units
GHz
17
dB
0.02
dB / °C
Noise Figure
1.5
2
dB
Input Return Loss
10
Output Return Loss
14
dB
Output IP3
28
dBm
Output Power for 1 dB Compression
19
dBm
Supply Current (Idd)
(Vdd = 5V, Vgg1 = -0.5V Typ., Vgg2 = 1.5V Typ)
55
mA
dB
*Unless otherwise indicated, all measurements are from probed die
1 - 186
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC-ALH444
v03.0410
GaAs HEMT MMIC LOW NOISE
AMPLIFIER, 1 - 12 GHz
20
2.5
18
NOISE FIGURE (dB)
16
GAIN (dB)
14
12
10
8
6
2
1.5
1
0.5
4
2
0
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
FREQUENCY (GHz)
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Input Return Loss vs. Frequency
Output Return Loss vs. Frequency
0
0
RETURN LOSS (dB)
RETURN LOSS (dB)
-5
-5
-10
-15
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
AMPLIFIERS - LOW NOISE - CHIP
1
Noise Figure vs. Frequency
Linear Gain vs. Frequency
-35
-20
-40
0
2
4
6
8
FREQUENCY (GHz)
10
12
14
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
FREQUENCY (GHz)
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
1 - 187
HMC-ALH444
v03.0410
GaAs HEMT MMIC LOW NOISE
AMPLIFIER, 1 - 12 GHz
AMPLIFIERS - LOW NOISE - CHIP
1
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Drain Bias Voltage
+5.5 Vdc
RF Input Power
12 dBm
Gate Bias Voltage Vgg1
-1 to 0.3 Vdc
Gate Bias Voltage Vgg2
0 to 2.5 Vdc
Thermal Resistance
(channel to die bottom)
109 °C/W
Channel Temperature
180 °C
Storage Temperature
-65 to +150 °C
Operating Temperature
-55 to +85 °C
ELECTROSTATIC SENSITIVE DEVICE
OBSERVE HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
Outline Drawing
Die Packaging Information [1]
NOTES:
1. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES [MM].
Standard
Alternate
GP-1 (Gel Pack)
[2]
[1] Refer to the “Packaging Information” section for die
packaging dimensions.
[2] For alternate packaging information contact Hittite
Microwave Corporation.
1 - 188
2. TYPICAL BOND PAD IS .004” SQUARE.
3. BACKSIDE METALLIZATION: GOLD.
4. BACKSIDE METAL IS GROUND.
5. BOND PAD METALLIZATION: GOLD.
6. CONNECTION NOT REQUIRED FOR UNLABELED BOND PADS.
7. OVERALL DIE SIZE ±.002”
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC-ALH444
v03.0410
GaAs HEMT MMIC LOW NOISE
AMPLIFIER, 1 - 12 GHz
Pad Number
Function
Description
1
RFIN
This pad is AC coupled
and matched to 50 Ohms.
2
RFOUT
This pad is AC coupled
and matched to 50 Ohms.
3
Vdd
Power Supply Voltage for the amplifier. See assembly for
required external components.
4, 5
Vgg1, Vgg2
Gate control for amplifier. Please follow “MMIC Amplifier Biasing Procedure” application note. See assembly for required
external components.
Die bottom
GND
Die bottom must be connected to RF/DC ground.
Interface Schematic
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
AMPLIFIERS - LOW NOISE - CHIP
1
Pad Descriptions
1 - 189
HMC-ALH444
v03.0410
GaAs HEMT MMIC LOW NOISE
AMPLIFIER, 1 - 12 GHz
Assembly Diagram
AMPLIFIERS - LOW NOISE - CHIP
1
Note 1: Bypass caps should be 100 pF (approximately) ceramic (single-layer) placed no farther than 30 mils from the amplifier.
Note 2: Best performance obtained from use of <10 mil (long) by 3 by 0.5mil ribbons on input and output.
1 - 190
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC-ALH444
v03.0410
GaAs HEMT MMIC LOW NOISE
AMPLIFIER, 1 - 12 GHz
The die should be attached directly to the ground plane eutectically or with
conductive epoxy (see HMC general Handling, Mounting, Bonding Note).
50 Ohm Microstrip transmission lines on 0.127mm (5 mil) thick alumina
thin film substrates are recommended for bringing RF to and from the chip
(Figure 1). If 0.254mm (10 mil) thick alumina thin film substrates must be
used, the die should be raised 0.150mm (6 mils) so that the surface of
the die is coplanar with the surface of the substrate. One way to accomplish this is to attach the 0.102mm (4 mil) thick die to a 0.150mm (6 mil)
thick molybdenum heat spreader (moly-tab) which is then attached to the
ground plane (Figure 2).
0.102mm (0.004”) Thick GaAs MMIC
Wire Bond
0.076mm
(0.003”)
RF Ground Plane
Microstrip substrates should be placed as close to the die as possible in
order to minimize bond wire length. Typical die-to-substrate spacing is
0.076mm to 0.152 mm (3 to 6 mils).
0.127mm (0.005”) Thick Alumina
Thin Film Substrate
Figure 1.
Handling Precautions
Follow these precautions to avoid permanent damage.
Storage: All bare die are placed in either Waffle or Gel based ESD protective containers, and then sealed in an ESD protective bag for shipment.
Once the sealed ESD protective bag has been opened, all die should be
stored in a dry nitrogen environment.
Cleanliness: Handle the chips in a clean environment. DO NOT attempt
to clean the chip using liquid cleaning systems.
Static Sensitivity:
strikes.
0.102mm (0.004”) Thick GaAs MMIC
Wire Bond
0.076mm
(0.003”)
RF Ground Plane
Follow ESD precautions to protect against ESD
Transients: Suppress instrument and bias supply transients while bias
is applied. Use shielded signal and bias cables to minimize inductive
pick-up.
0.150mm (0.005”) Thick
Moly Tab
AMPLIFIERS - LOW NOISE - CHIP
1
Mounting & Bonding Techniques for Millimeterwave GaAs MMICs
0.254mm (0.010”) Thick Alumina
Thin Film Substrate
Figure 2.
General Handling: Handle the chip along the edges with a vacuum collet or with a sharp pair of bent tweezers. The
surface of the chip has fragile air bridges and should not be touched with vacuum collet, tweezers, or fingers.
Mounting
The chip is back-metallized and can be die mounted with AuSn eutectic preforms or with electrically conductive epoxy.
The mounting surface should be clean and flat.
Eutectic Die Attach: A 80/20 gold tin preform is recommended with a work surface temperature of 255 °C and a tool
temperature of 265 °C. When hot 90/10 nitrogen/hydrogen gas is applied, tool tip temperature should be 290 °C. DO
NOT expose the chip to a temperature greater than 320 °C for more than 20 seconds. No more than 3 seconds of
scrubbing should be required for attachment.
Epoxy Die Attach: Apply a minimum amount of epoxy to the mounting surface so that a thin epoxy fillet is observed
around the perimeter of the chip once it is placed into position. Cure epoxy per the manufacturer’s schedule.
Wire Bonding
RF bonds made with 0.003” x 0.0005” ribbon are recommended. These bonds should be thermosonically bonded
with a force of 40-60 grams. DC bonds of 0.001” (0.025 mm) diameter, thermosonically bonded, are recommended.
Ball bonds should be made with a force of 40-50 grams and wedge bonds at 18-22 grams. All bonds should be made
with a nominal stage temperature of 150 °C. A minimum amount of ultrasonic energy should be applied to achieve
reliable bonds. All bonds should be as short as possible, less than 12 mils (0.31 mm).
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
1 - 191
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