Specifications Environment: Private and public broadband CATV, VHF and FM networks. Devices: Transmission: Terrestrial CATV, satellite receivers, DVD players, RF modulators, splitters, cable modems and other broadband video equipment. Transparent to the user 3dB bandwidth: 5 MHz to 900 MHz. Video Channels Supported: CATV 2-142, VHF channels 2-13, FM broadcast band. Insertion Loss Per Pair: <3 dB: 5 – 295 MHz, 510 – 725 MHz. <4.2 dB: 295 – 510 MHz, 725 – 900 MHz. >10 dB: 5 – 245 MHz, 493 – 900 MHz. >9.6 dB: 245 – 493 MHz. -20dB or higher at 5 MHz to 900 MHz. Return Loss: Common Mode Rejection (CMMR): Cable – UTP: Shielded CATV Balun (500306) Quick Installation Guide Overview The Shielded CATV Balun allows traditional 75-ohm coaxial cable to be replaced by a single (1) shielded twisted pair (STP) of wires in the CATV, VHF and FM environments. Used in pairs, the Shielded CATV Balun allows broadband video and Internet equipment to be integrated into a structured cabling system thereby facilitating moves, adds and changes via any convenient modular wall outlet. Typically, the Shielded CATV Balun is installed on the connection between the RF head end and the set-top tuner or cable modem at the receiver end. Applications include; private RF networks, guestroom TV and Internet services, apartments and condominiums. The Shielded CATV Balun is designed for point-to-point connections only. Cable – Coax: 24-AWG or lower solid copper twisted pair. Impedance: 100-120-ohms Impedance: 75-ohms at 1MHz (RG6) Connector – Input: “F” connector – male Connector - Output: RJ45S – female RJ45 Pin Configuration: RJ45 Pins 7&8. Maximum distance: Temperature: Up to 100m (330ft) via Cat 5 UTP depending on channel frequency and input power. Maximum 100m at CATV Channel 2. May require tilt amplifiers at higher frequencies. Operating: 0° to 40°C. Storage: -10° to 70°C. Installation Enclosure: Aluminum cast. 1. Humidity: Maximum 95% (non-condensing) Verify that the maximum distance between the two (2) Shielded CATV baluns is within MuxLab specifications. Please refer to the specification table in this installation guide or contact MuxLab Technical Support. Dimensions: 0.8” x 1.85” x 1.05” (2 x 2.6 x 4.7 cm) L x H x W + extended F conn. 2. Weight 1.5 oz (44 gms) Caution: Do not attempt to open the housing. There are no user-serviceable parts inside the Shielded CATV Balun. Opening the unit will void your warranty. 3. Regulatory Approval: FCC, CE Turn off power and disconnect the CATV video equipment by following the manufacturer’s instructions. Warranty: Lifetime 4. Order Information 500306 Make certain that modular outlets and cross connects to which you will connect the Shielded CATV Balun are configured properly and labeled appropriately to identify the circuit. 5. Caution: Do not connect the Shielded CATV Balun to a telecommunication outlet wired to unrelated equipment. Making such a connection may damage the equipment and/or the balun. Please ensure that all wiring is “straight-through” twisted pair. 6. Verify that the desired twisted pairs are not being used for other LAN or telephony equipment. 7. The Shielded CATV Balun operates in pairs. Shielded CATV Balun Tel.: (514) 905-0588, Fax: (514) 905-0589 Toll Free (North America): (877) 689-5228 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: www.muxlab.com 94-000689-A © MuxLab Inc. In order to install the Shielded CATV Balun, perform the following steps: SE-000689-A Application Tips 8. Connect one Shielded CATV Balun to the RF output at the head-end. 9. Caution: Do not mount the balun over equipment ventilation openings. Covering the openings may cause the equipment to overheat. 10. Connect a line cord from the RJ45 modular jack of the Shielded CATV Balun to the horizontal wiring of the building. 11. At the receiver end, connect a Shielded CATV Balun to the set-top tuner or cable modem. 12. Connect a line cord from the RJ45 connector of the Shielded CATV Balun to the appropriate modular video wall outlet. 13. Power on the video equipment. See typical application below. Troubleshooting The following table describes some of the symptoms, probable causes and possible solutions in respect to the installation of the Shielded CATV Balun. If you still cannot diagnose the problem, please call MuxLab Customer Technical Support at 877-689-5228 (toll-free in North America) or (+1) 514-905-0588 (International). Symptom No video No video No video Snowy picture Over bright image © MuxLab Inc. Probable Causes No continuity in video link No power Improper connection Swapped pairs Insufficient signal strength Signal strength too high Possible Solutions Check cable continuity between baluns. Check power supplies. Check that baluns are connected to correct video inputs and outputs. Increase signal power at head-end using a “tilt” amplifier. Verify cable grade. Use higher grade cable if necessary. Attenuate signal by reducing amplifier gain or by inserting a signal attenuator in the link. In a point-to-point scenario for CATV (superband and hyperband), VHF and FM, cable lengths of up to 45 meters may be achieved without amplification if the nominal input is about 15dBm. In some applications, a tilt amplifier may be required since the STP losses are higher than coax at the higher frequencies. Linear gain compensation of up to 20-25dB at 750MHz is usually adequate. Conversely, if amplification is used to compensate for losses at higher frequencies and long distances, it may be necessary to attenuate the lower frequency, shorter distance signals to avoid over-driving the TV monitors. The Shielded CATV Balun may be used in conjunction with tilt/gain amplifiers, CATV splitters and splitters with built-in amplifiers. The following are some helpful guidelines when planning your cabling: 1. Try for 10dBmv of signal level at each television channel. Use a little more for big screen TVs. Measure the signal level at the high and low end of the spectrum to determine whether a tilt amplifier is needed. 2. When laying out your system, there will be approximately 5dB of signal loss per 100' of RG6coaxial cable. 3. Please ensure all splitters and amplifiers are broadband. For UTP installations, splitters should have 5 MHz to 900 MHz bandwidth with a bi-directional filter at 5 to 50 MHz. 4. Check and make sure that all televisions are set up for the proper frequency spectrum (i.e. UHF or cable). 5. If extra channels are available, allow 1 to 2 channels spacing between “modulated” and "active" channels. 6. Always compensate for insertion loss with a good amplifier. There will always be a drop in signal strength when combining a modulator to an existing system due to insertion loss from the combiner. 7. When combining an existing signal with a modulated signal, make sure to have equal signal strength at the point of the combiner so one signal does not degrade the other. 8. When possible, use the lowest frequencies available for the modulated channels. Lower frequency channels have lower signal loss on the cable runs. 9. When in doubt, run the signal a little high to the television and use an attenuator to lower the signal strength going into the TV. Attenuators may be combined (i.e. two -3dB attenuators will = -6dB). 10. Combine the modulator into the video distribution system as far "up-stream" as possible. 11. If the system needs to be amplified, use the amplifier as far "up-stream" as possible. For example, place one amplifier at the head end and one tilt amplifier in each wiring closet where the baluns are located.
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