User’s Guide IBM
IBM System x3500 Type 7977
User’s Guide
IBM System x3500 Type 7977
User’s Guide
Note: Before using this information and the product it supports, read the general information in “Notices,” on page 81 and the
Warranty and Support Information document on the IBM System x Documentation CD.
Fifth Edition (October 2008)
© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2008.
US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract
with IBM Corp.
Contents
Safety
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Chapter 1. The System x3500 server .
Related documentation . . . . . . .
Notices and statements in this document .
Features and specifications . . . . . .
What your server offers . . . . . . .
Reliability, availability, and serviceability .
IBM Director . . . . . . . . . . .
The UpdateXpress program . . . . .
Front view . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear view . . . . . . . . . . . .
Server power features . . . . . . .
Turning on the server . . . . . .
Turning off the server . . . . . .
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Chapter 2. Installing optional devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Server components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System-board internal connectors and switches . . . . . . . . . .
System-board LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System-board external connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Light path diagnostics panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System reliability guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working inside the server with the power on . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling static-sensitive devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the left-side cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the optional IBM ServeRAID-MR10is VAULT SAS/SATA Controller
Installing a DVD drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a full-high tape drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a USB tape drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine . . . . . . .
Installing a memory module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing redundant power and cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Completing the installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Updating the server configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 3. Configuring the server . . . . . . . .
Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program . . . .
Starting the Configuration/Setup Utility program . . .
Configuration/Setup Utility menu choices . . . . .
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD . . .
ServerGuide features . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup and configuration overview . . . . . . . .
Typical operating system installation . . . . . . .
Installing your operating system without ServerGuide .
Using the baseboard management controller . . . . .
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© Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
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iii
Enabling and configuring SOL using the OSA SMBridge management utility
program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the OSA SMBridge management utility program . . . . . . .
Using the baseboard management controller utility programs . . . . . .
Using the Boot Menu program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet controller . . . . . . . . . .
Setting up the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine . . . . . . . . .
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cabling the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine firmware . . . . .
Completing the setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility program . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility program . . . . . . . .
Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility menu choices . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a RAID array . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing the array configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using ServeRAID Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing the configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Updating IBM Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Appendix. Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product recycling and disposal . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery return program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement . .
Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement .
Avis de conformité à la réglementation d’Industrie Canada .
Australia and New Zealand Class A statement . . . . .
United Kingdom telecommunications safety requirement . .
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement . .
Taiwanese Class A warning statement . . . . . . . .
Chinese Class A warning statement . . . . . . . . .
Japanese Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI)
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Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
iv
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Safety
Before installing this product, read the Safety Information.
Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações de Segurança.
Pred instalací tohoto produktu si prectete prírucku bezpecnostních instrukcí.
Læs sikkerhedsforskrifterne, før du installerer dette produkt.
Lees voordat u dit product installeert eerst de veiligheidsvoorschriften.
Ennen kuin asennat tämän tuotteen, lue turvaohjeet kohdasta Safety Information.
Avant d’installer ce produit, lisez les consignes de sécurité.
Vor der Installation dieses Produkts die Sicherheitshinweise lesen.
Prima di installare questo prodotto, leggere le Informazioni sulla Sicurezza.
Les sikkerhetsinformasjonen (Safety Information) før du installerer dette produktet.
Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações sobre Segurança.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
v
Antes de instalar este producto, lea la información de seguridad.
Läs säkerhetsinformationen innan du installerar den här produkten.
Important:
Each caution and danger statement in this document is labeled with a number. This
number is used to cross reference an English-language caution or danger
statement with translated versions of the caution or danger statement in the IBM
Safety Information book.
For example, if a caution statement is labeled "Statement 1", translations for that
caution statement are in the Safety Information document under "Statement 1".
Be sure to read all caution and danger statements in this document before you
perform the procedures. Read any additional safety information that comes with the
server or optional device before you install the device.
vi
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Statement 1:
DANGER
Electrical current from power, telephone, and communication cables is
hazardous.
To avoid a shock hazard:
v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation,
maintenance, or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical
storm.
v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical
outlet.
v Connect to properly wired outlets any equipment that will be attached to
this product.
v When possible, use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal
cables.
v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire, water, or
structural damage.
v Disconnect the attached power cords, telecommunications systems,
networks, and modems before you open the device covers, unless
instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures.
v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following table when
installing, moving, or opening covers on this product or attached
devices.
To Connect:
To Disconnect:
1. Turn everything OFF.
1. Turn everything OFF.
2. First, attach all cables to devices.
2. First, remove power cords from outlet.
3. Attach signal cables to connectors.
3. Remove signal cables from connectors.
4. Attach power cords to outlet.
4. Remove all cables from devices.
5. Turn device ON.
Safety
vii
Statement 2:
CAUTION:
When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an
equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has
a module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module
type made by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can
explode if not properly used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
v Throw or immerse into water
v Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
v Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
viii
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Statement 3:
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or
transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could
result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable
parts inside the device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than
those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
DANGER
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser
diode. Note the following.
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly
with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
Class 1 Laser Product
Laser Klasse 1
Laser Klass 1
Luokan 1 Laserlaite
Appareil A` Laser de Classe 1
Safety
ix
Statement 4:
≥ 18 kg (39.7 lb)
≥ 32 kg (70.5 lb)
≥ 55 kg (121.2 lb)
CAUTION:
Use safe practices when lifting.
Statement 5:
CAUTION:
The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current
from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power
source.
2
1
x
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Statement 8:
CAUTION:
Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following
label attached.
Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any
component that has this label attached. There are no serviceable parts inside
these components. If you suspect a problem with one of these parts, contact
a service technician.
Statement 11:
CAUTION:
The following label indicates sharp edges, corners, or joints nearby.
Statement 17:
CAUTION:
The following label indicates moving parts nearby.
Attention: This product is suitable for use on an IT power distribution system
whose maximum phase to phase voltage is 240 V under any distribution fault
condition.
Safety
xi
xii
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Chapter 1. The System x3500 server
The IBM® System x3500 Type 7977 server is a 5-U1-high high performance server.
It can be upgraded to a symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) server through a
microprocessor upgrade. It is ideally suited for networking environments that require
superior microprocessor performance, efficient memory management, flexibility, and
large amounts of reliable data storage.
Performance, ease of use, reliability, and expansion capabilities were key
considerations in the design of the server. These design features make it possible
for you to customize the system hardware to meet your needs today and provide
flexible expansion capabilities for the future.
The server comes with a limited warranty. For information about the terms of the
warranty and getting service and assistance, see the Warranty and Support
Information document.
The server contains IBM Enterprise X-Architecture technologies, which help
increase performance and reliability. For more information, see “What your server
offers” on page 4 and “Reliability, availability, and serviceability” on page 5.
You can obtain up-to-date information about the server and other IBM server
products at http://www.ibm.com/eserver/xseries/.
Related documentation
This User’s Guide contains general information about the server, including how to
install supported optional devices and how to configure the server. The following
documentation also comes with the server:
v Important Notices
This 8 page printed document contains important safety and legal information
pertaining to your server.
v Installation Guide
This document is in PDF on the System x Documentation CD. It contains
instructions for setting up the server and basic instructions for installing some
optional devices.
v Warranty and Support Information
This document is in Portable Document Format (PDF) on the IBM System x
Documentation CD. It contains information about the terms of the warranty and
getting service and assistance.
v Safety Information
This document is in PDF on the IBM System x Documentation CD. It contains
translated caution and danger statements. Each caution and danger statement
that appears in the documentation has a number that you can use to locate the
corresponding statement in your language in the Safety Information document.
v Problem Determination and Service Guide
This document is in PDF on the IBM System x Documentation CD. It contains
information to help you solve problems yourself, and it contains information for
service technicians.
1. Racks are measured in vertical increments of 4.45 cm (1.75 inches) each. Each increment is called a ″U.″ A 1-U-high device is
1.75 inches tall.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
1
Depending on the server model, additional documentation might be included on the
IBM System x Documentation CD.
The System x and xSeries Tools Center is an online information center that
contains information about tools for updating, managing, and deploying firmware,
device drivers, and operating systems. The System x and xSeries Tools Center is at
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/toolsctr/v1r0/index.jsp.
The server might have features that are not described in the documentation that
comes with the server. The documentation might be updated occasionally to include
information about those features, or technical updates might be available to provide
additional information that is not included in the server documentation. These
updates are available from the IBM Web site. To check for updated documentation
and technical updates, complete the following steps.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
2. Under Product support, click System x.
3. Under Popular links, click Publications lookup.
4. From the Product family menu, select System x3500 and click Continue.
Notices and statements in this document
The caution and danger statements that appear in this document are also in the
multilingual Safety Information document, which is on the IBM System x
Documentation CD. Each statement is numbered for reference to the corresponding
statement in the Safety Information document.
The following notices and statements are used in this document:
v Note: These notices provide important tips, guidance, or advice.
v Important: These notices provide information or advice that might help you avoid
inconvenient or problem situations.
v Attention: These notices indicate potential damage to programs, devices, or
data. An attention notice is placed just before the instruction or situation in which
damage might occur.
v Caution: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially hazardous
to you. A caution statement is placed just before the description of a potentially
hazardous procedure step or situation.
v Danger: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially lethal or
extremely hazardous to you. A danger statement is placed just before the
description of a potentially lethal or extremely hazardous procedure step or
situation.
2
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Features and specifications
The following information is a summary of the features and specifications of the
server. Depending on the server model, some features might not be available, or
some specifications might not apply.
Table 1. Features and specifications
Microprocessor:
v Intel® Xeon™ dual-core or quad-core with 12
MB Level-2 cache
Important: Do not use dual-core and
quad-core processors in the same server.
v Support for up to two microprocessors
v Support for Intel Extended Memory 64
Technology (EM64T)
Note: Use the Configuration/Setup Utility
program to determine the type and speed of the
microprocessors.
Memory:
v Minimum: 1 GB depending on server model,
expandable to 48 GB
v Type: 667 MHz, PC2-5300, ECC Fully
Buffered DIMMs (FBD) with double data rate
(DDR) II, SDRAM
v Connectors: Twelve 240-pin dual inline
memory module (DIMM) connectors
Drives:
v IDE:
– DVD (standard)
– CD, CD-RW, DVD/CD-RW (optional)
– Maximum of two devices can be installed
v Diskette (optional): External USB 1.44 MB
v Supported hard disk drives:
– Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
– Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
(SATA)
Expansion bays:
v Eight hot-swap SAS, 3.5-inch bays or 12
hot-swap SAS, 2.5-inch bays
v Three half-high 5.25-inch bays (DVD drive
installed)
Note: Full-high devices such as an optional
tape drive will occupy two half-high
5.25-inch bays.
PCI and PCI-X expansion slots:
v Six PCI expansion slots
– Three PCI Express x8 (two x8 links and
one x4 link)
– One PCI 33 MHz/32-bit
– Two PCI-X 2.0 133 MHz/64-bit slots
Upgradeable microcode:
System BIOS, service microprocessor, BMC, and
SAS microcode
Power supply:
Note: To upgrade to two 835-watt hot-swap
power supplies, install the redundant power and
cooling option kit. Kit includes one 835-watt
power-supply and three hot-swap fans.
v Standard: One 835-watt 110 V or 240 V ac
input dual-rated power supply
v Upgradeable to two 835-watt hot-swap power
supplies
Hot-swap fans:
v Three (standard)
v Upgradeable to six fans (for redundant
cooling)
Note: To upgrade to redundant cooling, install
the redundant power and cooling option kit. Kit
includes one 835-watt hot-swap power-supply
and three hot-swap fans.
Size:
v Tower
– Height: 440 mm (17.3 in.)
– Depth: 747 mm (29.4 in.)
– Width: 218 mm (8.6 in.)
– Weight: approximately 38 kg (84 lb) when
fully configured or 20 kg (42 lb) minimum
v Rack
– 5U
– Height: 218 mm (8.6 in.)
– Depth: 696 mm (27.4 in.)
– Width: 424 mm (16.7 in.)
– Weight: approximately 34 kg (75 lb) when
fully configured or 20 kg (42 lb) minimum
Acoustical noise emissions:
v Sound power, idle: 5.5 bel declared
v Sound power, operating: 6.0 bel declared
Environment:
v Air temperature:
– Server on: 10° to 35°C (50.0° to 95.0°F);
altitude: 0 to 2134 m (7000 ft)
– Server off: -40° to 60°C (-40.0° to 140.4°F);
maximum altitude: 2134 m (7000 ft)
v Humidity:
– Server on: 8% to 80%
– Server off: 8% to 80%
Heat output:
Approximate heat output in British thermal units
(Btu) per hour:
v Minimum configuration: 2013 Btu per hour (590
watts)
v Maximum configuration: 2951 Btu per hour (865
watts)
Electrical input:
v Sine-wave input (50-60 Hz) required
Racks are marked in vertical increments of 4.45 v Input voltage low range:
cm (1.75 inches). Each increment is referred to
– Minimum: 100 V ac
as a unit, or “U.” A 1-U-high device is 4.45 cm
– Maximum: 127 V ac
(1.75 inches) tall.
v Input voltage high range:
– Minimum: 200 V ac
Integrated functions:
– Maximum: 240 V ac
v Baseboard management controller (Intelligent v Approximate input kilovolt-amperes (kVA):
Platform Management Interface (IPMI) 2.0
– Minimum: 0.60 kVA
compliant)
– Maximum: 0.88 kVA
v Service microprocessor support for Remote
Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
Notes:
v Light path diagnostics
1. Power consumption and heat output vary
v ServeRAID-8k (512 MB with battery backup)
depending on the number and type of optional
and ServeRAID-8s SAS Controllers support
features that are installed and the
RAID levels 0, 1, 1E, 5, 6, 10, 50, and 60
power-management optional features that are
Note: The server will not start without a
in use.
RAID controller installed.
2.
These levels were measured in controlled
– Eight 3.5–inch hard disk drive models:
acoustical environments according to the
ServeRAID-8k
procedures that are specified by the American
– Twelve 2.5-inch hard disk drive models:
National Standards Institute (ANSI) S12.10 and
ServeRAID-8k and ServeRAID-8s
ISO 7779 and are reported in accordance with
v Four Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports (2.0)
ISO 9296. Actual sound-pressure levels in a
– Two on rear of server
given location might exceed the average stated
– Two on front of server
values because of room reflections and other
v Broadcom 5721 and 5721KFB3 10/100/1000
nearby noise sources. The declared
Gigabit Ethernet controllers
sound-power levels indicate an upper limit,
v ATI PCI ES1000 video
below which a large number of computers will
– 16 MB video memory
operate.
– VGA and SVGA compatible
v ATA-100 single-channel IDE controller (bus
mastering)
v Vitesse VSC7250 SAS/SATA RAID controller
v Mouse connector
v Keyboard connector
v Serial connector
Chapter 1. The System x3500 server
3
What your server offers
The server uses the following features and technologies:
v Baseboard management controller
The baseboard management controller provides basic service-processor
environmental monitoring functions. If an environmental condition exceeds a
threshold or if a system component fails, the baseboard management controller
lights LEDs to help you diagnose the problem.
v Device Driver and IBM Enhanced Diagnostics CD
The server comes with a Device Driver and IBM Enhanced Diagnostics CD,
which you can use to diagnose problems.
v IBM Director
IBM Director is a workgroup-hardware-management tool that you can use to
centrally manage xSeries® servers. For more information, see the IBM Director
documentation on the IBM Director CD.
v IBM ServerGuide™ Setup and Installation CD
The ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD that comes with the server provides
programs to help you set up the server and install a Windows operating system.
The ServerGuide program detects installed optional hardware devices and
provides the correct configuration programs and device drivers. For more
information about the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, see “Using the
ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD” on page 59.
v Integrated network support
v
v
v
v
v
4
The server comes with two integrated Broadcom 5721 series Gigabit Ethernet
controllers, which supports connection to a 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 1000 Mbps
network. For more information, see “Configuring the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet
controller” on page 74.
Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) 2.0
IPMI 2.0 support providing secure remote power-on/power-off and several
standard alerts for components such as fans, voltage, and temperature.
Large data-storage capacity and hot-swap capability
The server supports up to eight 25.4 mm (1-inch) slim-high, 3.5-inch hot-swap
hard disk drives in the hot-swap bays. With the hot-swap feature, you can add,
remove, or replace hard disk drives without turning off the server.
Large system-memory capacity
The server supports up to 48 GB of system memory. The memory controller
supports error correcting code (ECC) for up to 12 single-sided industry-standard
PC-5300, 677 megahertz (MHz), 1.8 V, 240-pin, fully buffered, double-data-rate
(DDR) II, synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM) dual inline
memory modules (DIMMs).
Light path diagnostics
Light path diagnostics provides LEDs to help you diagnose problems. For more
information, see the section about light path diagnostics in the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System x Documentation CD.
Memory mirroring
Memory mirroring replicates and stores data in DIMMs within two branches
simultaneously. To support memory mirroring, you must have at least two pairs of
DIMMs installed (one pair in each branch). Pairs of DIMMs that are next to each
other (for example, DIMM slot 1 and DIMM slot 4) within the channels of the
same branch must be identical pairs of fully-buffered, dual inline memory
modules (DIMMs).
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
v Online-spare memory
Online-spare memory disables a failed rank pair of DIMMs from the system
configuration and activates an online-spare rank pair of DIMMs to replace the
failed rank pair of DIMMs. For an online-spare pair of DIMMs to be activated, you
must enable this feature and have installed an additional pair of DIMMs of the
same speed, type, size (or larger), and technology as the failed pair of DIMMs.
v PCI-X adapter capabilities
The server has two slots for PCI-X 64-bit adapters.
v PCI Express x4 adapter capabilities
The server has one slot for PCI Express x4 adapters. These slots accept x8
adapters, but the adapters will operate as x4 adapters.
v PCI Express x8 adapter capabilities
The server has two slots for PCI Express x8 adapters.
v Redundant cooling and power capabilities
The server supports up to two 835-watt hot-swap power supplies. If the server
comes with only one power supply, you can install an additional power supply
with three redundant hot-swap cooling fans to add redundant power and cooling
capabilities. If the maximum load on the server is less than 835 watts and a
problem occurs with one of the power supplies, the other power supply can meet
the power requirements. The redundant cooling of the fans enables continued
operation if one of the fans fails.
v ServeRAID™ support
The server supports ServeRAID adapters to create redundant array of
independent disks (RAID) configurations.
v Symmetric multiprocessing (SMP)
The server supports up to two Intel Xeon dual-core microprocessors. If the server
comes with only one microprocessor, you can install an additional microprocessor
to enhance performance and provide SMP capability.
v Systems-management capabilities
The server comes with a Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine, which provides
service-processor functions in addition to those that the baseboard management
controller provides. When this adapter is used with the systems-management
software that comes with the server, you can manage the functions of the server
locally and remotely. The Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine also provides
system monitoring, event recording, and dial-out alert capability.
Reliability, availability, and serviceability
Three important server design features are reliability, availability, and serviceability
(RAS). The RAS features help to ensure the integrity of the data that is stored in
the server, the availability of the server when you need it, and the ease with which
you can diagnose and correct problems.
The server has the following RAS features:
v 3-year parts, 3-year labor limited warranty
v Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI)
v Advanced Desktop Management Interface (DMI) features
v Automatic error retry or recovery
v Automatic memory downsizing on error detection
v Automatic restart on nonmaskable interrupt (NMI)
Chapter 1. The System x3500 server
5
v Automatic Server Restart (ASR) logic supporting a system restart when the
operating system becomes unresponsive
v Automatic server restart after a power failure, based on the BIOS setting
v Availability of microcode level
v Boot-block recovery
v Built-in, menu-driven setup, system configuration, and redundant array of
independent disks (RAID) configuration
v Built-in monitoring for fan, power, temperature, and voltage
v CD-based diagnostic programs
v Cooling fans with speed-sensing capability
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
Customer support center that is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week2
Diagnostic support of ServeRAID adapters
Error codes and messages
Error correcting code (ECC) double-data-rate (DDR) synchronous dynamic
random access memory (SDRAM) with serial presence detect (SPD)
Error logging of POST failures
Hot-swap SAS hard disk drives
Integrated Ethernet controllers
Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) 2.0
Support for the optional IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
Key-lock support for physical security
Memory change messages posted to the error log
Power-on self-test (POST)
Predictive Failure Analysis® (PFA) alerts
Read-only memory (ROM) checksums
Redundant Ethernet capabilities (requires an optional Ethernet adapter) with
failover support
Standby voltage for system-management features and monitoring
System auto-configuring from the configuration menu
System-error LED on the front bezel and diagnostics LEDs on the system board
Upgradeable microcode for POST, BIOS, and read-only memory (ROM) resident
code, locally or over a LAN
Vital product data (VPD); includes serial-number information and replacement
part numbers, stored in nonvolatile memory, for easier remote maintenance
Wake on LAN® capability
IBM Director
With IBM Director, a network administrator can perform the following tasks:
v View the hardware configuration of remote systems, in detail
v Monitor the usage and performance of critical components, such as
microprocessors, disks, and memory
v Centrally manage individual or large groups of IBM and non-IBM
Intel-processor-based servers, desktop computers, workstations, and notebook
computers on a variety of platforms
2. Service availability will vary by country. Response time varies; may exclude holidays.
6
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
IBM Director provides a comprehensive entry-level workgroup hardware manager. It
includes the following key features:
v Advanced self-management capabilities for maximum system availability.
v Multiple operating-system platform support, including Microsoft® Windows® 2000
Server, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Professional, AIX, i5/OS, Red Hat
Linux, SUSE Linux, VMware, and Novell NetWare. For a complete list of
operating systems that support IBM Director, see the IBM Director Compatibility
Document. This document is in Portable Document Format (PDF) at
http://www.ibm.com/syems/management/director/resources/. It is updated every 6
to 8 weeks.
v Support for IBM and non-IBM servers, desktop computers, workstations, and
notebook computers.
v Support for systems-management industry standards.
v Integration into leading workgroup and enterprise systems-management
environments.
v Ease of use, training, and setup.
IBM Director also provides an extensible platform that supports advanced server
tools that are designed to reduce the total cost of managing and supporting
networked systems. By deploying IBM Director, you can achieve reductions in
ownership costs through the following benefits:
v Reduced downtime
v Increased productivity of IT personnel and users
v Reduced service and support costs
For more information about IBM Director, see the documentation on the IBM
Director CD that comes with the server, the IBM Director Information Center at
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/eserver/v1r2/topic/diricinfo_all/
diicinfoparent.html, and the IBM System x Systems Management Web page at
http://www.ibm.com/systems/management/, which presents an overview of IBM
Systems Management and IBM Director.
The UpdateXpress program
The UpdateXpress program is available for most System x servers and server
optional devices. It detects supported and installed device drivers and firmware in
the server and installs available updates. You can download the UpdateXpress
program from the Web at no additional cost, or you can purchase it on a CD. To
download the program or purchase the CD, go to
http://www.ibm.com/sytemes/management/xpress.html.
Chapter 1. The System x3500 server
7
Front view
The following illustration shows the controls and LEDs on the front of the server.
Note: The front bezel door is not shown so that the drive bays are visible.
System power LED
Power-control button
Hard disk drive activity LED
System locator LED
System-information LED
System-error LED
USB 2
USB 1
DVD drive
activity LED
(green)
DVD-eject button
Hard disk
drive status
LED (amber)
Hard disk
drive activity
LED (green)
System Power-on LED: When this LED is lit and not flashing, it indicates that the
server is turned on. When this LED is flashing, it indicates that the server is turned
off and still connected to an ac power source. When this LED is off, it indicates that
ac power is not present, or the power supply or the LED itself has failed. A power
LED is also on the rear of the server.
Power-control button: Press this button to turn the server on and off manually. A
power-control-button shield comes with the server. You can install this disk-shaped
shield to prevent the server from being turned off accidentally.
Hard disk drive activity LED: When this LED is flashing, it indicates that a hard
disk drive is in use.
System locator LED: Use this LED to visually locate the server among other
servers. You can use IBM Director to light this LED remotely.
System-information LED: When this amber LED is on, the server power supplies
are nonredundant, or some other noncritical event has occurred. The event is
recorded in the error log. Check the light path diagnostic panel for more information
(see the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System x
Documentation CD).
8
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
System-error LED: When this amber LED is lit, it indicates that a system error has
occurred. Use the diagnostic LED panel and the system service label on the inside
of the left-side cover to further isolate the error. See the Problem Determination and
Service Guide on the IBM System x Documentation CD for additional information.
USB 1 connector: Connect USB devices to these connectors.
USB 2 connector: Connect USB devices to these connectors.
DVD-eject button: Press this button to release a CD or DVD from the DVD drive.
Hard disk drive status LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that the associated
hard disk drive has failed. If an optional RAID adapter is installed in the server and
the LED flashes slowly (one flash per second), the drive is being rebuilt. If the LED
flashes rapidly (three flashes per second), the controller is identifying the drive.
Hard disk drive activity LED: When this LED is flashing, it indicates that the drive
is in use.
Hard disk drive status LED: On some server models, each hot-swap hard disk
drive has a status LED. When this LED is lit, it indicates that the drive has failed. If
an optional IBM ServeRAID controller is installed in the server, when this LED is
flashing slowly (one flash per second), it indicates that the drive is being rebuilt.
When the LED is flashing rapidly (three flashes per second), it indicates that the
controller is identifying the drive.
DVD drive activity LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that the DVD drive is in
use.
Chapter 1. The System x3500 server
9
Rear view
The following illustration shows the connectors and LEDs on the rear of the server.
Power cord
AC power LED
DC power LED
Mouse
Keyboard
Serial 1
(COM 1)
Parallel
Video
USB 4
Ethernet 10/100/1000
USB 3
Ethernet 10/100/1000
RJ-45
Serial 2
(COM 2)
Power-cord connector: Connect the power cord to this connector.
Mouse connector: Connect a mouse or other PS/2 device to this connector.
Keyboard connector: Connect a PS/2 keyboard to this connector.
COM 1 connector: Connect a 9-pin serial device to this connector.
Parallel connector: Connect a parallel device to this connector.
Video connector: Connect a monitor to this connector.
USB 3 connector: Connect a USB device to this connector.
Ethernet connector: Use this connector to connect the server to a network.
USB 4 connector: Connect a USB device to this connector.
Ethernet connector: Use this connector to connect the server to a network.
RJ-45: Use this connector to connect the optional Remote Supervisor Adapter II
SlimLine to a network.
Serial 2 (COM 2) connector: Connect a 9-pin serial device to this connector. This
connector can also be redirected in the Configuration/Setup Utility program for use
with the baseboard management controller (BMC) or Remote Supervisor Adapter II
10
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
SlimLine to control the server remotely. Do not connect any 9-pin serial devices to
this connector when it is configured for use with the BMC or Remote Supervisor
Adapter II SlimLine.
Note: When this connector is configured for use with the system management, do
not connect any other 9-pin serial devices to this connector.
Server power features
When the server is connected to an ac power source but is not turned on, the
operating system does not run, and all core logic except for the service processor is
shut down; however, the server can respond to requests from the service processor,
such as a remote request to turn on the server. The power-on LED flashes to
indicate that the server is connected to ac power but not turned on.
Turning on the server
Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to ac power, the
power-control button becomes active, and one or more fans might start running to
provide cooling while the server is connected to power. You can turn on the server
and start the operating system by pressing the power-control button.
The server can also be turned on in any of the following ways:
v If a power failure occurs while the server is turned on, the server will restart
automatically when power is restored.
v If the server is connected to an Advanced System Management interconnect
network that contains at least one server with an optional Remote Supervisor
Adapter installed, the server can be turned on from the Remote Supervisor
Adapter user interface.
v If your operating system supports the systems-management software for an
optional Remote Supervisor Adapter, the systems-management software can turn
on the server.
v If your operating system supports the Wake on LAN feature, the Wake on LAN
feature can turn on the server.
Turning off the server
When you turn off the server and leave it connected to ac power, the server can
respond to requests from the service processor, such as a remote request to turn
on the server. While the server remains connected to ac power, one or more fans
might continue to run. To remove all power from the server, you must disconnect it
from the power source.
Chapter 1. The System x3500 server
11
Some operating systems require an orderly shutdown before you turn off the server.
See your operating-system documentation for information about shutting down the
operating system.
Statement 5:
CAUTION:
The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current
from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power
source.
2
1
The server can be turned off in any of the following ways:
v You can turn off the server from the operating system, if your operating system
supports this feature. After an orderly shutdown of the operating system, the
server will be turned off automatically.
v You can press the power-control button to start an orderly shutdown of the
operating system and turn off the server, if your operating system supports this
feature.
v If the operating system stops functioning, you can press and hold the
power-control button for more than 4 seconds to turn off the server.
v If the server is connected to an Advanced System Management interconnect
network that contains at least one server with an optional Remote Supervisor
Adapter installed, the server can be turned off from the Remote Supervisor
Adapter user interface.
v If an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in the server, the server can
be turned off from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v The integrated system management processor can turn off the server as an
automatic response to a critical system failure.
v You can turn off the server through a request from the service processor.
12
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
This chapter provides detailed instructions for installing optional hardware devices in
the server.
Server components
The following illustration shows the major components in the server.
Power supply
Power-supply filler
Control panel assembly
Power-supply cage
Drive bay EMC shield
DIMM air duct
Heat-sink
retention bracket
USB cable assembly
DIMMs
DVD
drive
Microprocessor
Heat sink
Heat-sink
filler
SAS backplane
Fan assembly
Hot-swap fan
Processor baffle
System board
Hard disk drive
EMC shield
Hard disk drive
Bezel
ServeRAID-8k
VRM
Cover
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
13
System-board internal connectors and switches
The following illustrations show the internal connectors and switches on the system
board.
See Table 2 for information about the switch settings.
Wake on LAN
(CN 45)
SW4 (Boot block/Clear CMOS)
Table 2. Switches on SW4
Switch number
Description
1
Boot block:
v Leave the switch in the off position for normal mode.
v Move the switch to the on position to enable the system
to recover if the BIOS code becomes damaged.
14
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Table 2. Switches on SW4 (continued)
Switch number
Description
2
Clear CMOS:
v Leave the switch in the off position to keep the CMOS
data.
v Move the switch to the on position to clear the CMOS
data, which clears the power-on password and
administrator password.
Notes:
1. Before you change any switch settings or move any jumpers, turn off the server;
then, disconnect all power cords and external cables. (Review the information in
“Safety” on page v, “Installation guidelines” on page 21, and “Handling
static-sensitive devices” on page 22.)
2. Any system-board switch or jumper blocks that are not shown in the illustrations
in this document are reserved.
System-board LEDs
The following illustration shows the LEDs on the system board.
Microprocessor 1
error LED
DIMM
error LEDs
1 thru 12
Microprocessor
mismatch
LED
Microprocessor 2
error LED
VRM error
LED
Slot 1
error LED
Slot 2
error LED
Slot 3
error LED
Slot 4
error LED
Battery error LED
BMC heartbeat
LED
ServeRAID-8k
error LED
Slot 5
error LED
Slot 6
error LED
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
15
System-board external connectors
The following illustration shows the external input/output connectors and the NMI
switch on the system board.
Mouse
Keyboard
Serial 1
(COM 1)
LPT
VGA
USB 4
RJ45
USB 3
RJ45
NMI
Serial 2
(COM 2)
Light path diagnostics panel
The following illustration shows the remind button and the LEDs on the light path
diagnostics panel. The light path diagnostics panel is inside the server under the
left-side cover and the error LEDs are also visible through the left-side cover.
1
POWER
SUPPLY
2
REMIND
MEMORY
CONFIG
DASD/
RAID
TEMP
FAN
CPU S_ERR VRM
SP BUS
PCI
BUS
NMI
SEE INSIDE COVER FOR MORE SERVICE INFORMATION
Use the remind button on the light path diagnostic panel to acknowledge that an
error has occurred without taking further action. When you push the remind button,
the system error LED will flash every 2 seconds until the error is fixed. If another
error occurs, the system error LED will then stop flashing and return to a solid on
state.
For more information about light path diagnostics, see the Problem Determination
and Service Guide on the IBM System x Documentation CD.
The following table lists the light path diagnostics LEDs, the problems that they
indicate, and actions to solve the problems.
16
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System x Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
All LEDs are off (the
power LED is lit; the
information LED might
be lit).
POWER SUPPLY 1
Action
No action is necessary.
Power supply 1 has failed or has
been removed.
Note: In a redundant power
configuration, the dc power LED on
one power supply might be off.
1. Reinstall the power supply 1.
2. Check the individual power-supply LEDs.
3. Reseat the following components:
a. Power supply
b. (Trained service technician only) Power
backplane
4. Replace the components listed in step 3, one at a
time, in the order shown, restarting the server each
time.
5. If a 240 V ac fault has occurred, remove ac power
before restoring dc power.
POWER SUPPLY 2
Power supply 2 has failed or has
been removed.
Note: In a redundant power
configuration, the dc power LED on
one power supply might be off.
1. Reinstall the power supply 2.
2. Check the individual power-supply LEDs.
3. Reseat the following components:
a. Power supply
b. (Trained service technician only) Power
backplane
4. Replace the components listed in step 3, one at a
time, in the order shown, restarting the server each
time.
5. If a 240 V ac fault has occurred, remove ac power
before restoring dc power.
CONFIG
Microprocessor configuration error.
1. Mismatched microprocessors, remove and install
two microprocessor of the same cache size, type,
and clock speed.
2. Check the system error log for information
indicating incompatible components.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
17
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System x Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
TEMP
Action
A system temperature or component 1. See the BMC log or the system-error log (see the
has exceeded specifications.
Problem Determination and Service Guide on the
Note: A fan LED might also be lit.
IBM System x Documentation CD) for the source
of the fault.
2. Make sure that the airflow in the server is not
blocked.
3. If a fan LED is lit, reseat the fan.
4. Replace the fan for which the LED is lit.
5. Make sure that the room is neither too hot nor too
cold (see “Environment” in “Features and
specifications” on page 3).
CPU
A microprocessor has failed, is
missing, or has been incorrectly
installed.
Note: (Trained service technician
only) Make sure that the
microprocessors are installed in the
correct sequence.
1. Check the BMC log or the system-error log to
determine the reason for the lit LED.
2. Find the failing, missing, or mismatched
microprocessor by checking the LEDs on the
system board.
3. (Trained service technician only) Reseat the failing
microprocessor
4. Replace the following components one at a time,
in the order shown, restarting the server each time:
a. (Trained service technician only) Failing
microprocessor
b. (Trained service technician only) System board
S_ERR
Reserved
VRM
A dc-dc regulator has failed or is
missing.
Note: This error is for either the
VRM or integrated VRD. If the VRD
has failed, the system board must
be replaced by an trained service
technician.
1. Check the BMC log or the system-error log to
determine the reason for the lit LED (for a VRM).
2. Find the failing or missing VRM by checking the
LEDs on the system board.
3. Install any missing VRMs.
4. Reseat the following components:
a. Failing VRM
b. (Trained service technician only)
Microprocessor associated with the VRM
5. Replace the following components one at a time,
in the order shown, restarting the server each time:
a. Failing VRM
b. (Trained service technician only)
Microprocessor associated with the VRM
c. (Trained service technician only) System board
18
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System x Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
SERVICE
PROCESSOR BUS
There is a fault in the Remote
Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine.
Action
1. Reseat the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine.
2. Update the firmware for the Remote Supervisor
Adapter II SlimLine (see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM
System x Documentation CD).
3. Replace the Remote Supervisor Adapter II
SlimLine.
MEMORY
Memory failure.
Note: The error LED on the DIMM
is also lit.
1. Remove the DIMM that has the lit error LED; then,
press the light path diagnostics button on the
DIMM to identify the failed DIMM.
2. Reseat the DIMM.
3. Replace the following components one at a time,
in the order shown, restarting the server each time:
a. DIMM
b. (Trained service technician only) System board
DASD/RAID
A hard disk drive, integrated SAS
controller, or integrated RAID error
has occurred.
Notes:
1. The error LED on the failing
hard disk drive is also lit.
2. Check the BMC event log for a
ServeRAID-8k or RAID error.
1. Reinstall the removed drive.
2. Reseat the following components:
a. Failing hard disk drive
b. SAS hard disk drive backplane
c. SAS signal and power cables
d. System board
e. ServeRAID-8k
3. Replace the components listed in step 2, one at a
time, in the order shown, restarting the server each
time.
FAN
PCI BUS
A fan has failed or has been
removed.
Note: A failing fan can also cause
the TEMP LED to be lit.
1. Reinstall the removed fan.
A PCI adapter has failed.
1. See the BMC log or the system-error log (see the
Problem Determination and Service Guide on the
IBM System x Documentation CD).
2. If an individual fan LED is lit, replace the fan.
3. (Trained service technician only) Replace the
system board.
2. Reseat the failing adapter.
3. Replace the following components, one at a time,
in the order shown, restarting the server each time:
a. Failing adapter
b. (Trained service technician only) System board
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
19
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System x Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
NMI
A hardware error has been reported
to the operating system.
Note: The PCI or MEM LED might
also be lit.
Action
1. See the BMC log and the system-error log (see
the Problem Determination and Service Guide on
the IBM System x Documentation CD).
2. If the PCI LED is lit, follow the instructions for that
LED.
3. If the MEM LED is lit, follow the instructions for
that LED.
4. Restart the server.
20
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Installation guidelines
Before you install optional devices, read the following information:
v Read the safety information that begins on page vii and the guidelines in
“Handling static-sensitive devices” on page 22. This information will help you
work safely.
v When you install your new server, take the opportunity to download and apply
the most recent firmware updates. This step will help to ensure that any known
issues are addressed and that your server is ready to function at maximum levels
of performance. To download firmware updates for your server, go to
http://www.ibm.com/support/ and click Downloads and drivers.
v Before you install optional hardware, make sure that the server is working
correctly. Start the server, and make sure that the operating system starts, if an
operating system is installed, or that a 19990305 error code is displayed,
indicating that an operating system was not found but the server is otherwise
working correctly. If the server is not working correctly, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System x Documentation CD for
information on how to run diagnostics.
v Observe good housekeeping in the area where you are working. Place removed
covers and other parts in a safe place.
v If you must start the server while the cover is removed, make sure that no one is
near the server and that no tools or other objects have been left inside the
server.
v Do not attempt to lift an object that you think is too heavy for you. If you have to
lift a heavy object, observe the following precautions:
– Make sure that you can stand safely without slipping.
– Distribute the weight of the object equally between your feet.
– Use a slow lifting force. Never move suddenly or twist when you lift a heavy
object.
– To avoid straining the muscles in your back, lift by standing or by pushing up
with your leg muscles.
v Make sure that you have an adequate number of properly grounded electrical
outlets for the server, monitor, and other devices.
v Back up all important data before you make changes to disk drives.
v Have a small flat-blade screwdriver available.
v You do not have to turn off the server to install or replace hot-swap power
supplies, hot-swap hard disk drives, hot-swap fans, or hot-plug Universal Serial
Bus (USB) devices.
v Blue on a component indicates touch points, where you can grip the component
to remove it from or install it in the server, open or close a latch, and so on.
v Orange on a component or an orange label on or near a component indicates
that the component can be hot-swapped, which means that if the server and
operating system support hot-swap capability, you can remove or install the
component while the server is running. (Orange can also indicate touch points on
hot-swap components.) See the instructions for removing or installing a specific
hot-swap component for any additional procedures that you might have to
perform before you remove or install the component.
v When you have to access the inside of the server, you might find it easier to lay
the server on its side.
v You can install a maximum of two IDE devices in the server.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
21
v For a list of supported optional devices for the server, see http://www.ibm.com/
servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/.
System reliability guidelines
To help ensure proper cooling and system reliability, make sure that the following
requirements are met:
v Each of the drive bays has a drive or an electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
shield installed in it.
v If the server has redundant power, each of the power-supply bays has a
power-supply installed in it.
v There is adequate space around the server to allow the server cooling system to
work properly. Leave approximately 50 mm (2.0 in.) of open space around the
front and rear of the server. Do not place objects in front of the fans. For proper
cooling and airflow, replace the left-side cover before you turn on the server.
Operating the server for extended periods of time (more than 30 minutes) with
the left-side cover removed might damage server components.
v You have followed the cabling instructions that come with optional adapters.
v You have replaced a failed fan within 48 hours.
v You have replaced a hot-swap drive within 2 minutes of removal.
v You do not remove the air duct or air baffles while the server is running.
Operating the server without the air duct or air baffles might cause the
microprocessor to overheat.
v Microprocessor socket 2 always contains either a microprocessor duct or a
microprocessor and heat sink.
Working inside the server with the power on
The server supports hot-swap devices and is designed to operate safely while it is
turned on and the cover is removed. Follow these guidelines when you work inside
a server that is turned on:
v Avoid wearing loose-fitting clothing on your forearms. Button long-sleeved shirts
before working inside the server; do not wear cuff links while you are working
inside the server.
v Do not allow your necktie or scarf to hang inside the server.
v Remove jewelry, such as bracelets, necklaces, rings, and loose-fitting wrist
watches.
v Remove items from your shirt pocket, such as pens and pencils, that might fall
into the server as you lean over it.
v Avoid dropping any metallic objects, such as paper clips, hairpins, and screws,
into the server.
Handling static-sensitive devices
Attention: Static electricity can damage the server and other electronic devices.
To avoid damage, keep static-sensitive devices in their static-protective packages
until you are ready to install them.
To reduce the possibility of damage from electrostatic discharge, observe the
following precautions:
v Limit your movement. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around
you.
v Wear an electrostatic-discharge wrist strap, if one is available.
22
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Handle the device carefully, holding it by its edges or its frame.
Do not touch solder joints, pins, or exposed circuitry.
Do not leave the device where others can handle and damage it.
While the device is still in its static-protective package, touch it to an unpainted
metal part of the server for at least 2 seconds. This drains static electricity from
the package and from your body.
v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into the server without
setting down the device. If it is necessary to set down the device, put it back into
its static-protective package. Do not place the device on the server cover or on a
metal surface.
v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. Heating reduces
indoor humidity and increases static electricity.
v
v
v
v
Removing the bezel
Important: Before you install optional hardware, make sure that the server is
working correctly. Start the server, and make sure that the operating system starts,
if an operating system is installed, or that a 19990305 error code is displayed,
indicating that an operating system was not found but the server is otherwise
working correctly. If the server is not working correctly, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide for diagnostic information.
The following illustration shows how to remove the bezel from the server.
Notes:
1. The left-side cover does not have to be removed to remove the bezel from the
server.
2. The left-side cover lock must be unlocked to open or remove the bezel.
Complete the following steps to remove the bezel:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Using the supplied key, unlock the left-side cover and bezel.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
23
3. Press on the left edge of the bezel, and rotate the left side of the bezel away
from the server. Rotate the left edge of the bezel out beyond 90°; then, pull the
bezel away from the server.
Removing the left-side cover
Important: Before you install optional hardware, make sure that the server is
working correctly. Start the server, and make sure that the operating system starts,
if an operating system is installed, or that a 19990305 error code is displayed,
indicating that an operating system was not found but the server is otherwise
working correctly. If the server is not working correctly, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide for diagnostic information.
Cover release latch
Lock
Left-side cover
To remove the cover, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all external cables and power cords.
4. Using the supplied key, unlock the left-side cover.
5. Pull the cover-release latch down and rotate the top edge of the cover away
from the server.
Attention: For proper cooling and airflow, replace the cover before you turn
on the server. Operating the server for extended periods of time (more than 30
minutes) with the cover removed might damage server components.
6. Remove the left-side cover from the server.
Installing an adapter
The following notes describe the types of adapters that the server supports and
other information that you must consider when you install an adapter:
v Locate the documentation that comes with the adapter and follow those
instructions in addition to the instructions in this section. If you must change the
switch or jumper settings on the adapter, follow the instructions that come with
the adapter.
v Avoid touching the components and gold-edge connectors on the adapter.
v PCI slot 6 supports half-length 5.0 V PCI adapters only.
v PCI slot 1 supports half-length 3.3 V PCI adapters only.
24
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
v PCI slots 2 through 5 support full-length 3.3 V signaling adapters only.
v The PCI configuration:
– Slot 1 is a PCI Express x8 slot with x4 links, PCI Express 1.0a compliant.
– Slot 2 and 3 are PCI Express x8 slots with x8 links, PCI Express 1.0a
compliant.
– Slots 4 and 5 are PCI-X 133/64 slots, PCI-X 2.0 compliant.
– Slot 6 is a PCI 33/32 slot, PCI 2.2 compliant.
Note: The ServeRAID-8k, ServeRAID-8s, and the optional ServeRAID-10is SAS
Controllers override the standard functionality of the integrated SAS/SATA
controller with RAID capabilities.
v The system scans PCI slots 1 through 6 to assign system resources. The system
then starts (boots) the system devices in the following order, if you have not
changed the default boot precedence: integrated Ethernet controller,
ServeRAID-8k SAS Controller, and then PCI, PCI-X, and PCI Express slots.
Note: To change the boot precedence for PCI and PCI-X devices, start the
Configuration/Setup Utility program and select Start Options from the main
menu. See the “Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program” on page 54 for
details about using the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
v The server uses a rotational interrupt technique to configure PCI adapters so that
you can install PCI adapters that do not support sharing of PCI interrupts.
v You can order an optional IBM ServeRAID-MR10is VAULT SAS/SATA Controller
that supports RAID levels 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, and 60. You can install the
ServeRAID-MR10is SAS/SATA controller only in server models with eight 3.5 inch
hot-swap hard disk drives installed.
Note: Note: The onboard RAID controller will be disabled by BIOS when the
ServeRAID-MR10is SAS/SATA controller is installed in the server.
Attention: Static electricity that is released to internal server components when
the server is powered-on might cause the server to stop, which might result in the
loss of data. To avoid this potential problem, always use an electrostatic-discharge
wrist strap or other grounding system when working inside the server with the
power on.
To install an adapter, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords and
all external cables. Remove the left-side cover.
3. See the documentation that comes with the adapter for any cabling instructions
and information about jumper or switch settings. (It might be easier for you to
route cables before you install the adapter.)
4. Open the front and rear adapter retention clips.
5. Remove the expansion-slot cover.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
25
Retention clip
Rear adapter
retention bracket
Adapter
Front adapter
retention bracket
6. If you are installing a full-length adapter, remove the blue adapter guide (if any)
from the end of the adapter; then, lift the adapter-retention clip on the
adapter-support bracket. Otherwise, continue with the next step.
Adapter guide
7. Press the adapter firmly into the expansion slot, lower the adapter-retention
latch, and make sure that the latch is in the closed position.
Attention: Incomplete insertion might cause damage to the system board or
the adapter.
8. Connect any needed cables to the adapter.
26
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 49.
Installing the optional IBM ServeRAID-MR10is VAULT SAS/SATA
Controller
The optional IBM ServeRAID-MR10is VAULT SAS/SATA controller can be installed
only in its dedicated PCI slot 2 connector on the system board, and only in server
models with eight 3.5-inch hot-swap hard disk drives. See “System-board internal
connectors and switches” on page 14 for the location of the connector on the
system board. The ServeRAID-MR10is SAS/SATA controller is not cabled to the
system board. Instructions for routing the cables are described below.
To install the ServeRAID-MR10is SAS/SATA controller and route the cables,
complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords
and all external cables.
Attention: To avoid breaking the retaining clips or damaging the
ServeRAID-MR10is SAS/SATA adapter connector, open and close the clips
gently.
3. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on page 24).
4. Rotate the rear adapter-retention bracket to the open (unlocked) position.
5. Remove the screw that secures the expansion-slot cover to the chassis (if no
adapter is installed in the slot). Store the expansion-slot cover and screw in a
safe place for future use.
Note: Expansion-slot covers must be installed on all vacant slots. This
maintains the electronic emissions standards of the server and ensures proper
ventilation of server components.
6. Open the retaining clips on each end of the ServeRAID-MR10is adapter
connector.
7. Touch the static-protective package that contains the ServeRAID-MR10is
adapter to any unpainted metal surface on the server; then, remove the
ServeRAID-MR10is adapter from the package and place it on a
static-protective surface.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
27
8. Turn the ServeRAID-MR10is adapter so that the ServeRAID-MR10is adapter
keys align correctly with the connector on the system board.
Attention: Incomplete insertion might cause damage to the system board or
the ServeRAID-MR10is adapter.
9. Press the ServeRAID-MR10is adapter firmly into the connector on the system
board.
10. Rotate the power-supply cage assembly out of the chassis:
a. Remove the hot-swap power-supply. Press down on the orange release
lever and pull the power supply out of the bay, using the handle.
b. Lift up the power-supply cage handle and pull the power-supply cage
assembly all the way up until the retainer latch locks the cage in place on
the chassis.
11. Remove the front fan cage assembly.
12. Take the other end of the signal cable that is attached to the drive backplane
for drive bays 8 through 11 and route it through the plastic slot on the chassis
underneath the front fan cage; then, connect it to connector J9 on the
ServeRAID-MR10is SAS/SATA controller.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
The following illustration shows the connectors on the controller to which you
connect the signal cables from the drive backplanes.
The following illustration shows which end of the cable connects to the
backplane and to the controller.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
29
13. Reinstall the front fan cage assembly. Align the front fan cage assembly over
the fan cage assembly slot and with the connector on the system board. Lower
the fan cage assembly into the chassis and press down firmly until the fan
cage assembly is seated firmly in place. Make sure that no cables will be
pinched.
14. Take the other end of the signal cable that is attached to the drive backplane
for drive bays 4 through 7 and route the cable around the right side of the front
fan cage assembly and along the chassis wall (make sure that the cable is in
front of the fan cage release tab): then, connect it to connector J8 on the
ServeRAID-MR10is SAS/SATA controller.
15. Rotate the rear adapter-retention bracket to the closed (locked) position.
16. Rotate the power-supply cage assembly back into the server. Press the
power-supply cage release tab and rotate the power-supply cage assembly
into the chassis.
17. Reinstall the hot-swap power supplies.
18. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
30
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
19. Replace the side cover and complete the installation (see “Completing the
installation” on page 49.)
Installing a DVD drive
Optical drive
To remove a DVD drive, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords and
all external cables necessary to replace the device.
3. Unlock and remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on
page 24).
4. Press on the bezel retention tab at the center-left-edge of the bezel, and rotate
the left side of the bezel away from the server; then, pull the bezel away from
the server.
5. Disconnect the DVD drive cable from the system board.
6. Grasp the blue tabs on each side of the drive and press them inward while
pulling the drive out of the server.
To install a DVD drive, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Connect the DVD drive cable to the system board.
3. Slide the drive into the server to engage the drive.
4. Replace the left-side cover and bezel; then, lock the side cover and bezel.
5. Reconnect the external cables and power cords.
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 49.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
31
Installing a full-high tape drive
EMC shields
Tape drive
To install a full-high tape drive, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords and
all external cables necessary to replace the device.
3. Unlock and remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on
page 24).
4. Press on the bezel retention tab at the center-left-edge of the bezel, and rotate
the left side of the bezel away from the server; then, pull the bezel away from
the server.
5. Connect the full-high tape drive cable to the system board.
6. Slide the drive into the server and connect the IDE cable to the drive.
7. Using the supplied screws, secure the drive to the server chassis.
8. Replace the left-side cover and bezel; then, lock the side cover and bezel.
9. Reconnect the external cables and power cords.
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 49.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Installing a USB tape drive
EMC shields
Tape drive
To install a USB tape drive, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords
and all external cables necessary to replace the device.
3. Unlock and remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on
page 24).
4. Remove the front fan cage assembly:
a. Press the fan cage release latches on each side of the fan cage toward the
sides of the server. The cage will lift up slightly when the release latches
are fully open.
b. Grasp the cage and lift it out of the server.
5. Press on the bezel retention tab at the center-left-edge of the bezel, and rotate
the left side of the bezel away from the server; then, pull the bezel away from
the server.
6. Slide the drive into the server.
7. Using the supplied screws, secure the drive to the server chassis.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
33
8. Connect one end of the tape drive USB cable to the USB connector on the
system board; then, route the USB cable through the cable holders on the
inside of the server and connect the opposite end of the cable to the USB tape
drive.
9. Reinstall the front fan cage assembly.
10. Replace the left-side cover and bezel; then, lock the side cover and bezel.
11. Reconnect the external cables and power cords.
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 49.
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive
The following notes describe the types of hard disk drives that the server supports
and other information that you must consider when you install a hard disk drive:
v Depending on the model, the server supports up to eight 1–inch (26 mm) slim
high, 3.5-inch SAS/SATA hot-swap hard disk drives or up to twelve 1-inch (26
mm) slim-high, 2.5-inch, SAS/SATA hot-swap hard disk drives in the standard
hot-swap bays.
v The hot-swap bays are arranged vertically in the standard hard disk drive cage;
the bay numbers are 0 through 7 (from top to bottom) on models with eight hard
disk drives and 0 through 11 (from top to bottom) on models with 12 hard disks.
v For a list of supported optional devices for the server, see http://www.ibm.com/
servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/.
v Inspect the drive tray for signs of damage.
v Make sure that the drive is correctly installed in the tray.
v See the documentation for the ServeRAID-8k, ServeRAID-8s, and the optional
ServeRAID-10is SAS Controllers for instructions for installing a hard disk drive.
v All hot-swap drives in the server must have the same throughput speed rating;
using drives with different speed ratings might cause all drives to operate at the
throughput of the slowest drive.
v To minimize the possibility of damage to the hard disk drives when you are
installing them in a rack configuration, install the server in the rack before you
install the hard disk drives.
v You do not have to turn off the server to install hot-swap drives in the hot-swap
drive bays. However, you must turn off the server when you perform any steps
that involve installing or removing cables.
v The drive ID for each hot-swap hard disk drive is printed on the bezel.
To remove a hot-swap hard disk drive, complete the following steps.
34
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
EMC shield
Hard disk drive
Drive tray
Drive tray handle
(in open position)
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Remove the bezel from the server.
3. Open the drive tray handle and pull the drive out of the server.
To install a hot-swap hard disk drive, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Remove the filler panel from one of the empty hot-swap bays.
3. Make sure that the tray handle is open; then, install the hard disk drive into the
hot-swap bay.
Notes:
1. When you turn on the server, check the hard disk drive status LEDs to verify
that the hard disk drive is operating correctly.
If the amber hard disk drive status LED is lit continuously, that drive is faulty
and must be replaced. If the green hard disk drive activity LED is flashing, the
drive is being accessed.
2. If the server is configured for RAID operation using an optional ServeRAID
adapter, you might have to reconfigure your disk arrays after you install hard
disk drives. See the ServeRAID documentation on the IBM ServeRAID Support
CD for additional information about RAID operation and complete instructions
for using ServeRAID Manager.
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 49.
Installing an IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
An optional IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine can be installed only in its
dedicated connector on the system board. The Remote Supervisor Adapter II
SlimLine is not cabled to the system board.
To install a Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords and
all external cables.
3. Remove the left-side cover.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
35
4. Carefully lay the server on its right side.
Adapter retention bracket
Remote Supervisor Adapter II
SlimLine retention tab
Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
5. Open the rear adapter retention bracket and install the Remote Supervisor
Adapter II SlimLine retention tab on the bracket by clipping it onto the rear
adapter retention bracket.
36
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Remote Supervisor II
SlimLine adapter
Remote Supervisor II
SlimLine adapter retainer clip
Remote Supervisor II
SlimLine adapter support bracket
6. Carefully grasp the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine by its top edge or
upper corners, and align it with the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
guide and the connector on the system board.
Attention: Incomplete insertion might cause damage to the system board or
the adapter.
7. Press the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine firmly into the connector and
under the retention clip on the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine support
bracket.
8. Close the rear adapter retention bracket.
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 49.
Installing a memory module
The following notes describe the types of dual inline memory modules (DIMMs) that
your server supports and other information that you must consider when you install
DIMMs:
v The server supports up to twelve 667 MHz, 1.8 V, 240-pin, PC2-5300
double-data-rate (DDR) II, fully buffered synchronous dynamic random-access
memory (SDRAM) with error correcting code (ECC) DIMMs. These DIMMs must
be compatible with the latest 5300 SDRAM Fully Buffered DIMM (FBD)
specification. For a list of supported optional devices for the server, see
http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/.
v At least one pair of DIMMs must be installed for the server to operate.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
37
v When you install additional DIMMs, be sure to install them in pairs. All the DIMM
pairs must be the same size and type.
v The memory controller has four fully buffered DIMM channels that are organized
into two branches. Each branch has two channels, and each channel controls
two DIMMs. DIMMs that are next to each other (for example, in DIMM connector
1 and DIMM connector 4) within the channels of a branch must be identical in
size, type, speed, and technology. However, the DIMMs in the connectors above
or below each other within the channels of a branch do not have to be identical
(for example, the DIMMs in DIMM connector 1 and DIMM connector 2 do not
have to be identical). The following illustration shows how the memory controller
is organized into branches and channels with two pairs of installed DIMMs.
v You do not have to save new configuration information when you install or
remove DIMMs.
Branch 0
Branch 1
Channel 1
Channel 3
Channel 0
Channel 4
DIMM 6
DIMM 5
DIMM 4
DIMM 3
DIMM 2
DIMM 1
DIMM 12
DIMM 11
DIMM 10
DIMM 9
DIMM 8
DIMM 7
v The 12 DIMM connectors are divided between the two memory branches. DIMM
connectors 1 through 6 are on branch 0, and DIMM connectors 7 through 12 are
on branch 1.
v The server can operate in two major modes: mirroring and non-mirroring
(normal). The server can also operate in a single-channel mode when one DIMM
is installed.
v The server supports memory mirroring (mirroring mode) and online-spare
memory.
– Memory mirroring replicates and stores data on DIMMs within two branches
simultaneously. You must enable memory mirroring through the
Configuration/Setup Utility program (see “Using the Configuration/Setup Utility
program” on page 54). To enable memory mirroring in the Configuration/Setup
Utility program, select Devices and I/O Ports → Advanced Chipset Control →
Memory Branch Mode. Use the arrow keys to change the Memory Branch
Mode setting to Mirror; then, save your changes. When you use memory
mirroring, consider the following information:
- The maximum available memory is reduced to 16 GB, instead of the 32 GB
available in non-mirroring mode.
- The minimum memory configuration is four identical DIMMs. You must
install identical pairs of fully buffered, dual-inline memory modules (DIMMs)
in all four DIMM connectors (same size, type, speed, and technology).
These DIMMs must span across both branches and all four channels. For
example, when you install the first four DIMMs, you must install two DIMMs
in branch 0 (one in channel 0 and one in channel 1) and two DIMMs in
branch 1 (one in channel 2 and one in channel 3). See Table 3 on page 39
for the DIMM installation sequence.
- When you upgrade the server to eight DIMMs, the DIMMs that are next to
each other (for example, DIMM connector 1 and DIMM connector 4) within
the channels of a branch must be identical in size, type, speed, and
technology. However, the DIMMs in the connectors above or below each
38
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
other within the channels of a branch do not have to be identical to each
other (for example, the DIMMs in DIMM connector 1 and DIMM connector
2).
- Both branches operate in dual-channel mode.
The following table shows the DIMM configuration upgrade sequence for
operating in mirroring mode.
Table 3. DIMM upgrade configuration sequence in mirroring mode
Number of DIMMs
DIMM connectors
4
1, 4, 7, 10
8
1, 4, 7, 10, 2, 5, 8, 11
12
1, 4, 7, 10, 2, 5, 8, 11, 3, 6, 9, 12
– Online-spare memory disables a failed rank pair of DIMMs from the system
configuration and activates an online-spare rank pair of DIMMs to replace the
failed rank pair of DIMMs. For an online-spare pair of DIMMs to be activated,
you must enable this feature and have installed an additional rank pair of
DIMMs of the same speed, type, size (or larger), and technology as the failed
pair of DIMMs. You must enable the feature through the Configuration/Setup
Utility program. To enable online-spare memory in the Configuration/Setup
Utility program, select Devices and I/O Ports → Advanced Chipset Control →
Memory Branch Mode. Use the arrow keys to change the setting for Branch
0 Rank Sparing or Branch 1 Rank Sparing to Enabled; then, save your
changes. See “Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program” on page 54 for
additional information. When you use online-spare memory, you must consider
the following information:
- You cannot enable online-spare memory while the server is operating in
mirroring mode.
- When you use online-spare memory, the two memory branches operate
independently of each other. You can enable online-spare memory for one
or both branches.
- Online-spare memory reduces the amount of available memory.
- Online-spare DIMM pairs are assigned according to your DIMM
configuration.
- Online-spare memory works by copying data from a failed DIMM rank to
another good DIMM rank within the same memory branch.
- Online-spare memory cannot copy data from one branch to the other.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
39
Minimum configuration: one pair of DIMMs
(Branch 0 works independently of Branch 1)
BR0
BR1
CH3
CH2
CH1
CH0
Rank 0
DIMM 10
DIMM 7
DIMM 4
DIMM 1
A pair of two identical
double rank modules:
same size, speed,
and organization
Rank 1
Rank 1 is sparing to Rank 0
DIMM 11
DIMM 8
DIMM 5
DIMM 2
DIMM 12
DIMM 9
DIMM 6
DIMM 3
Other Configuration: Multiple Pairs of DIMMs
(Branch 0 works independently of Branch 1)
BR0
BR1
CH3
CH2
CH1
CH0
Rank 0 512 MB
DIMM 10
DIMM 7
DIMM 4
A pair of two identical
single rank modules
(512MB)
DIMM 1
Rank 1 Empty
Rank 2 512 MB
DIMM 11
DIMM 8
DIMM 5
A pair of two identical
double rank modules
(1GB)
DIMM 2
Rank 3 512 MB
A pair of two identical
single rank modules
(1GB)
Rank 4 1 GB
DIMM 12
DIMM 9
DIMM 6
DIMM 3
Rank 5 Empty
Rank 4 is used to spare any defective rank of rank 0, 2, and 3
- A rank is defined as an area or block of 64 bits that is created by using
some or all of the chips on a DIMM. For an ECC DIMM, a memory rank is
a block of 72 data bits (64 bits plus 8 ECC bits).
- The minimum memory configuration is two single-rank DIMMs that are
installed in branch 0, DIMM connector 1 (in channel 0) and connector 4 (in
channel 1); however, online-sparing is not supported with this configuration.
- To support online-sparing in branch 0, you must add a second pair of
DIMMs. The spare pair of DIMMs can be single-rank or double-rank and
must be the same speed, type, size (or larger), and technology as the
failed pair of DIMMs. The spare pair must be installed in branch 0, DIMM
connector 2 (in channel 0) and connector 5 (in channel 1). Branch 0 and
branch 1 operate independently.
v The following notes apply when the server operates in non-mirroring mode
(normal mode):
– DIMMs must be installed in matched pairs. If you install a second pair of
DIMMs in DIMM connector 7 and DIMM connector 10, they do not have to be
the same size, speed, type, and technology as the DIMMs in DIMM connector
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
1 and DIMM connector 4. However, the size, speed, type, and technology of
the DIMMs that you install in DIMM connector 7 and DIMM connector 10 must
match each other.
– The following table shows the DIMM upgrade configuration sequence for
operating in non-mirroring mode (normal mode).
Table 4. 5. DIMM upgrade configuration sequence in non-mirroring mode
Number of DIMMs
DIMM connectors
2
1, 4
4
1, 4, 7, 10
6
1, 4, 7, 10, 2, 5
8
1, 4, 7, 10, 2, 5, 8, 11
10
1, 4, 7, 10, 2, 5, 8, 11, 3, 6
12
1, 4, 7, 10, 2, 5, 8, 11, 3, 6, 9, 12
v The amount of usable memory is reduced depending on the system
configuration. A certain amount of memory must be reserved for system
resources. To view the total amount of installed memory and the amount of
configured memory, run the Configuration/Setup Utility program and select
System Summary from the menu. For additional information, see Chapter 3,
“Configuring the server,” on page 53.
v The following tables show examples of maximum memory capacity when the
server operates in mirroring and non-mirroring modes, using identical single-rank,
x8 technology or double-rank, x4 technology DIMMs. The memory capacity is
dependent on the size and technology of the DIMMs that you install.
Table 5. Example of the memory capacity when identical x8 technology single-rank DIMMs
are used
DIMMs installed
x8 single-rank
technology
Memory available in Memory available in
mirroring mode
non-mirroring mode
8
512 MB
2 GB
4 GB
8
1 GB
4 GB
8 GB
8
2 GB
8 GB
16 GB
Table 6. Example of the memory capacity when identical x4 technology double-rank DIMMs
are used
DIMMs installed
x4 double-rank
technology
Memory available in Memory available in
mirroring mode
non-mirroring mode
8
512 MB
8 GB
16 GB
8
1 GB
16 GB
32 GB
v When you restart the server after you add or remove a DIMM, the server
displays a message that the memory configuration has changed.
v If a problem with a DIMM is detected, light path diagnostics lights the
system-error LED on the front of the server, indicating that there is a problem,
and guides you to the defective DIMM. When this occurs, first identify the
defective DIMM; then, remove and replace the DIMM.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
41
Attention: Static electricity that is released to internal server components when
the server is powered-on might cause the server to stop, which might result in
the loss of data. To avoid this potential problem, always use an
electrostatic-discharge wrist strap or other grounding system when you work
inside the server with the power on.
The following illustration shows how to install DIMMs on the system board.
DIMM 4
DIMM 3
DIMM 2
DIMM 1
DIMM 6
DIMM 5
DIMM 10
DIMM 7
DIMM 12
DIMM11
DIMM 9
DIMM 8
To remove a DIMM, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords and
all external cables.
3. Remove the power supply or power supplies from the server.
4. Raise the power-supply cage out of the way:
a. Press in on the power-supply latch bracket, which is on the left side of the
server when you are facing the rear of the server.
b. Lift the end of the power-supply cage and rotate the cage up until it stops.
The tab on the rear power-supply latch bracket clicks into place when the
cage is completely out of the way.
c. Let the power-supply cage rest on the rear power-supply latch bracket.
Attention: To avoid breaking the DIMM retaining clips or damaging the DIMM
connectors, open and close the clips gently.
5. Open the retaining clip on each end of the DIMM connector; then, remove the
DIMM from the server.
To install a DIMM, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices; then, disconnect the power cords
and all external cables. Remove the cover.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
3. Remove the power supply or power supplies from the server.
4. Raise the power-supply cage out of the way:
a. Press in on the power-supply latch bracket, which is on the left side of the
server when you are facing the rear of the server.
b. Lift the end of the power-supply cage and rotate the cage up until it stops.
The tab on the rear power-supply latch bracket clicks into place when the
cage is completely out of the way.
c. Let the power-supply cage rest on the rear power-supply latch bracket.
Attention: To avoid breaking the DIMM retaining clips or damaging the DIMM
connectors, open and close the clips gently.
5. Open the retaining clip on each end of the DIMM connector.
6. Touch the static-protective package containing the DIMM to any unpainted metal
surface on the outside of the server. Then, remove the DIMM from the package.
7. Turn the DIMM so that the DIMM keys align correctly with the connector.
8. Insert the DIMM into the connector by aligning the edges of the DIMM with the
slots at the ends of the DIMM connector. Firmly press the DIMM straight down
into the connector by applying pressure on both ends of the DIMM
simultaneously. The retaining clips snap into the locked position when the DIMM
is firmly seated in the connector. If there is a gap between the DIMM and the
retaining clips, the DIMM has not been correctly inserted; open the retaining
clips, remove the DIMM, and then reinsert it.
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 49.
Installing a microprocessor
The following notes describe the type of microprocessor that the server supports
and other information that you must consider when you install a microprocessor:
v For a list of supported optional devices for the server, go to http://www.ibm.com/
us/compat/.
v The server supports Intel Xeon dual-core or quad-core 1.6 GHz or higher
microprocessors in each socket. If you are installing two microprocessors, they
must be the same cache size and type, and the same clock speed.
v Some models support dual-core processors and quad-core processors. Do not
use dual-core processors and quad-core processors in the same system. Install
all dual-core or all quad-core processors in the server.
v To ensure that the server operates correctly, use microprocessors that have the
same cache and type, and the same clock speed. The microprocessor internal
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
43
and external clock frequencies must be identical. You can use the
Configuration/Setup Utility program to determine the specific type of
microprocessor that is installed on the system board.
v Read the documentation that comes with the microprocessor to determine
whether you must update the basic input/output system (BIOS) code in the
server. To download the most current level of BIOS code for the server,
seehttp://www.ibm.com/support/.
v Obtain an SMP-capable operating system. For a list of supported operating
systems, see http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/.
v You can use the Configuration/Setup Utility program to determine the specific
type of microprocessor in the server.
To install a microprocessor, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices; then, disconnect the power cords
and all external cables. Remove the cover.
Attention: The microprocessor retention latch is spring-loaded when the
microprocessor is in place. Releasing the latch too quickly or allowing it to
spring upward can damage the microprocessor and surrounding components.
3. Remove the microprocessor air duct from the fan cage:
a. Grasp the two pinch points on the top of the air duct and squeeze them
together.
b. Lift the air duct up and out of the server and set it aside.
4. Release the microprocessor retention latch by pressing down on the end,
moving it to the side, and slowly releasing it to the open (up) position.
Microprocessor
release lever
(fully open)
Microprocessor
bracket frame
5. Open the microprocessor bracket frame by lifting up the tab on the top edge.
Attention: Dropping the microprocessor during removal or installation can
damage the contacts. Also, contaminants on the microprocessor contacts, such
as oil from your skin, can cause connection failures between the contacts and
the socket.
6. Install the microprocessor:
a. Touch the static-protective package that contains the microprocessor to any
unpainted metal surface on the server. Then, remove the microprocessor
from the package.
b. Remove the protective cover, tape, or label from the surface of the
microprocessor socket, if any is present.
c. Align the microprocessor with the socket. The microprocessor has two
notches that are keyed to two tabs on the sides of the socket. A
triangle-shaped indicator on one corner of the microprocessor points to a
45-degree angle on one corner of the socket.
d. Carefully place the microprocessor into the socket. Do not use excessive
force when pressing the microprocessor into the socket.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
7. Close the microprocessor bracket frame; then, close the microprocessor
retention latch and lock it securely in place.
8. Close the microprocessor-release lever to secure the microprocessor.
9. Make sure that the heat-sink release lever is open.
10. If necessary, remove the cover from the bottom of the heat sink.
11. Place the tab on the heat sink into the connector in the retention bracket; then,
rotate the heat sink into place and close the heat-sink release lever.
Note: If you are installing an additional microprocessor in microprocessor
socket 2, you must also install a VRM.
12. If necessary, install a VRM in the connector.
a. Open the retaining clips on each end of the VRM connector.
b. Turn the VRM so that the keys align with the connector.
c. Insert the VRM into the connector by aligning the edges of the VRM with
the slots at the end of the VRM connector. Firmly press the VRM straight
down into the connector by applying pressure on both ends of the VRM
simultaneously. The retaining clips snap into the locked position when the
VRM is seated in the connector.
13. Reinstall the microprocessor air duct.
14. Reinstall the left-side cover.
15. Reconnect external cables and power cords.
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 49.
Installing redundant power and cooling
You can install a second 835-watt hot-swap power-supply. This upgrade option
includes a hot-swap power supply, two hot-swap fans, a fan structure with an air
duct and a single hot-swap fan. You must also purchase a second power cord to
connect the power-supply to the power source.
To install the redundant power and cooling option, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 21.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords
and all external cables. Remove the left-side cover.
3. Remove all adapters.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
45
Fan air baffle
Hot-swap fan
4. Remove the fan air baffle from the fan cage assembly by pushing in on the tab
on the back of the air baffle; then, push the baffle to the left and lift it out of the
fan cage assembly.
5. Install two hot-swap fans in the empty bays of the fan cage assembly.
Power supply
Release latch
6. Remove the power supply and power-supply filler from the server by pressing
down on the release latch while you pull them out.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Power-supply
cage assembly
Power-supply
cage handle
7. Lift the power-supply cage handle on the rear of the power-supply cage, and
rotate the power-supply cage out of the way until it latches in place. Let the
power-supply cage rest on the rear power-supply structure support bracket.
8. Install the transition duct on the edge of the DIMM air baffle.
Positioning pins
DIMM air duct
Plastic
push pins
Transition duct
Pin
Rivet
a. Remove the four screws that secure the DIMM air baffle to the
power-supply cage.
b. Push the DIMM air baffle toward the rear of the server until the positioning
pins on the DIMM air baffle are clear of the holes in the power-supply
cage.
c. Position the transition duct so that the two tabs are directly over the slots
on the side of the DIMM air baffle.
d. Slide the transition duct into the slots until it clicks into place.
9. Reinstall the DIMM air baffle onto the power-supply cage.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
47
Power supply
support bracket
Power supply
release tab
10. Raise the power-supply cage slightly and press and hold the release tab on
the rear power-supply support bracket; then, lower the power-supply structure
into position. For clarity, the power-supply cage is not shown in the illustration.
Rear fan assembly
with baffle
11. Install the rear fan and fan structure on the chassis:
a. Align the clips on the rear fan assembly with the holes in the chassis.
b. Slide the assembly toward the power-supply cage until it stops.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Rear Fan
Connector
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
c. Connect the fan power cable to the connector on the system board.
Install the adapters.
Install the left-side cover.
Install the power supplies into the server. Push each power supply until it stops
and clicks into place.
Connect one end of each power cord into the connector on the back of each
power supply, and connect the other end of each power cord to a properly
grounded electrical outlet.
Make sure that the ac power LED on the top of each power supply is lit,
indicating that the power supply is operating correctly. If the server is turned
on, make sure that the dc power LED on the top of the power supply is lit also.
Reconnect the external cables.
If you have other optional devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation.”
Completing the installation
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
complete the installation, complete the following steps:
Insert the bezel hinges into the slots on the server chassis and close the bezel.
Position the left-side cover over the server with the handle away from you.
Place the bottom edge of the cover onto the bottom edge of the server.
Rotate the top edge of left-side cover toward the server; then, press down on
the cover until it clicks into place.
5. Rotate the bezel to its fully closed position.
6. Using the supplied key, lock the left-side cover and bezel.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
49
7. Connect the cables and power cords. For more information, see “Connecting
the cables.”
Connecting the cables
Notes:
1. Be sure to turn off the server before you connect any cables to or disconnect
any cables from the server or hot-plug adapter.
2. For additional cabling instructions, see the documentation that comes with the
optional devices. It might be easier for you to route any cables before you install
certain optional devices.
3. Cable identifiers are printed on the cables that come with the server and
optional devices. Use these identifiers to connect the cables to the correct
connectors. For example, the hard disk drive cables are labeled “HDD option.”
The following illustration shows the locations of the input and output connectors on
the rear of the server.
Power cord
AC power LED
DC power LED
Mouse
Keyboard
Serial 1
(COM 1)
Parallel
Video
USB 4
Ethernet 10/100/1000
USB 3
Ethernet 10/100/1000
RJ-45
Serial 2
(COM 2)
Updating the server configuration
When you start the server for the first time after you add or remove a device, you
might receive a message that the configuration has changed. The
Configuration/Setup Utility program starts automatically so that you can save the
new configuration settings. For more information, see Chapter 3, “Configuring the
server,” on page 53.
Some optional devices have device drivers that you must install. For information
about installing device drivers, see the documentation that comes with each device.
The server comes with at least one microprocessor. If more than one
microprocessor is installed, the server can operate as a symmetric multiprocessing
(SMP) server. You might have to upgrade the operating system to support SMP. For
50
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
more information, see “Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD” on page
59 and the operating-system documentation.
If the server has an optional RAID adapter and you have installed or removed a
hard disk drive, see the documentation that comes with the RAID adapter for
information about reconfiguring the disk arrays.
If you have installed a Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine to manage the server
remotely, see the Remote Supervisor Adapter User’s Guide, which comes with the
adapter, for information about setting up, configuring, and using the adapter.
For information about configuring the integrated Gigabit Ethernet controller, see
“Configuring the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet controller” on page 74.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
51
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
The following configuration programs come with the server:
v Configuration/Setup Utility program
The Configuration/Setup Utility program is part of the basic input/output system
(BIOS). Use it to configure serial port assignments, change interrupt request
(IRQ) settings, change the startup-device sequence, set the date and time, and
set passwords. For information about using this utility program, see “Using the
Configuration/Setup Utility program” on page 54.
v IBM ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
The ServerGuide program provides software-setup tools and installation tools
that are designed for the server. Use this CD during the installation of the server
to configure basic hardware features, such as an integrated SAS controller with
RAID capabilities, and to simplify the installation of the operating system. For
information about using this CD, see “Using the ServerGuide Setup and
Installation CD” on page 59.
v Baseboard management controller
v
v
v
v
v
Use these programs to configure the baseboard management controller, to
update the firmware and sensor data record/field replaceable unit (SDR/FRU)
data, and to remotely manage a network. For information about using these
programs, see “Using the baseboard management controller” on page 61.
Boot Menu program
The Boot Menu program is part of the BIOS. Use it to override the startup
sequence that is set in the Configuration/Setup Utility program and temporarily
assign a device to be first in the startup sequence, see “Using the Boot Menu
program” on page 73.
Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program
The Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program is part of the BIOS. You can use
it to configure the network as a startable device, and you can customize where
the network startup option appears in your startup sequence. Enable the
Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility from the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
For information, see “Enabling the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program” on
page 73.
Ethernet controller configuration
For information about configuring the Ethernet controller, see “Configuring the
Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet controller” on page 74.
Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine configuration
For information about setting up and cabling the Remote Supervisor Adapter II
SlimLine, see “Setting up the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine” on page
74.
ServeRAID Manager
ServeRAID Manager is available as a stand-alone program and as an IBM
Director extension. Use the ServeRAID Manager to define and configure the
disk-array subsystem before you install the operating system. For information
about using this program, see “Using ServeRAID Manager” on page 77.
v IBM Director
IBM Director is a workgroup-hardware-management tool that you can use to
centrally manage servers. If you plan to use IBM Director to manage the server,
you must check for the latest applicable IBM Director updates and interim fixes.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
53
For information about updating IBM Director, see “Updating IBM Director” on
page 79. For more information about IBM Director, see the IBM Director
documentation on the IBM Director CD.
Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program
Use the Configuration/Setup Utility program to perform the following tasks:
v View configuration information
v View and change assignments for devices and I/O ports
v Set the date and time
v Set and change passwords and Remote Control Security settings
v Set the startup characteristics of the server and the order of startup devices
v Set and change settings for advanced hardware features
v Set and change settings for the baseboard management controller (BMC)
v View and clear error logs
Starting the Configuration/Setup Utility program
To start the Configuration/Setup Utility program, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on the server.
2. When the prompt Press F1 for Configuration/Setup is displayed, press F1. If
you have set both a power-on password and an administrator password, you
must type the administrator password to access the full Configuration/Setup
Utility menu. If you do not type the administrator password, a limited
Configuration/Setup Utility menu is available.
3. Select settings to view or change.
Configuration/Setup Utility menu choices
The following choices are on the Configuration/Setup Utility main menu. Depending
on the version of the BIOS, some menu choices might differ slightly from these
descriptions.
v System Summary
Select this choice to view configuration information, including the type, speed,
and cache sizes of the microprocessors and the amount of installed memory.
When you make configuration changes through other choices in the
Configuration/Setup Utility program, the changes are reflected in the system
summary; you cannot change settings directly in the system summary.
This choice is on the full and limited Configuration/Setup Utility menu.
– Processor Summary
Select this choice to view the processor information, including the type, speed,
and cache size of the microprocessor.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
v System Information
Select this choice to view information about the server. When you make changes
through other choices in the Configuration/Setup Utility program, some of those
changes are reflected in the system information; you cannot change settings
directly in the system information.
This choice is on the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu only.
v Devices and I/O Ports
Select this choice to view or change assignments for devices and input/output
(I/O) ports.
Select this choice to enable or disable integrated Ethernet controllers and all
standard ports (such as serial, USB, and parallel). Enable is the default setting
for all controllers. If you disable a device, it cannot be configured, and the
operating system will not be able to detect it (this is equivalent to disconnecting
the device). If you disable the integrated Ethernet controller and no Ethernet
adapter is installed, the server will have no Ethernet capability. If you disable the
integrated USB controller, the server will have no USB capability; to maintain
USB capability, make sure that Enabled is selected for the USB Support and
USB 2.0 Support options.
Select this choice to enable and configure serial remote video and keyboard
redirection, and to set other remote console values.
This choice is on the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu only.
– Parallel Port Setup
Select this choice to enable or disable the parallel port and to adjust the
parallel port resources and features.
– Remote Console Redirection
Select this choice to enable and configure serial remote video and keyboard
redirection.
– System MAC Addresses
Select this choice to view the MAC addresses of the server.
– Advanced Chipset Control
Select this choice to modify settings that control features of the core chip set
on the system board and to configure memory features.
Attention: Do not make changes in the Advanced Chipset Control option
unless you are directed to do so by an IBM authorized service representative.
– Video
Select this choice to view the video information.
v Date and Time
Select this choice to set the date and time in the server, in 24-hour format
(hour:minute:second).
v System Security
Select this choice to set password settings. See “Passwords” on page 58 for
more information about passwords. You can also enable the chassis-intrusion
detector to alert you each time that the server cover is removed.
– Administrator Password
This choice is on the Configuration/Setup Utility menu only if an optional IBM
Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine Slimline is installed.
Select this choice to set or change an administrator password. An
administrator password is intended to be used by a system administrator; it
limits access to the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu. If an administrator
password is set, the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu is available only if
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
55
you type the administrator password at the password prompt. For more
information, see “Administrator password” on page 59.
– Power-on Password
Select this choice to set or change a power-on password. See “Power-on
password” on page 58 for more information.
v Start Options
Select this choice to view or change the start options. Changes in the start
options take effect when you restart the server.
You can set keyboard operating characteristics, such as whether the server starts
with the keyboard number lock on or off. You can enable the server to run
without a monitor, or keyboard.
This choice is on the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu only.
– Startup Sequence Options
The startup sequence specifies the order in which the server checks devices
to find a boot record. The server starts from the first boot record that it finds. If
the server has Wake on LAN hardware and software and the operating
system supports Wake on LAN functions, you can specify a startup sequence
for the Wake on LAN functions. You can also specify whether an integrated
controller or a PCI adapter has boot precedence.
If you enable the boot fail count, the BIOS default settings will be restored
after three consecutive failures to find a boot record.
v Advanced Setup
Select this choice to change settings for advanced hardware features.
Important: The server might malfunction if these optional devices are incorrectly
configured. Follow the instructions on the screen carefully.
This choice is on the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu only.
– CPU Options
Select this choice to enable or disable Hyper-Threading, the pre-fetch queue,
C1 enhanced mode, and no-execute mode memory protection.
The default setting for Hyper-Threading is Enabled.
– PCI Bus Control
Select this choice to view the system resources that are used by the installed
PCI, PCI Express, or PCI-X devices.
– IPMI
Select this choice to view or clear the system event log, make changes to the
serial/modem device commands and the POST watchdog settings, and view
the LAN settings.
- IPMI Specification Version
This is a nonselectable menu item that displays the IPMI and BMC version.
- BMC Hardware/Firmware Version
This is a nonselectable menu item that displays the BMC firmware version.
- Clear System Event Log
Enable or disable the system event log clearing. If system event-log
clearing is enabled, it will reset to disabled when the BMC system-event log
is cleared. Disabled is the default setting.
- Existing Event Log number
This is a nonselectable menu item that displays the number of entries in
the system-event log.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
- BIOS POST Watchdog
Enable or disable the BMC POST watchdog. Disabled is the default
setting.
- POST Watchdog Timeout
Set the BMC POST watchdog timeout value. 5 minutes is the default
setting.
- System Event Log
Select this choice to view the BMC system-event log, which contains all
system error and warning messages that have been generated. Use the
arrow keys to move among pages in the log. If an optional IBM Remote
Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine is installed, the full text of the error
messages is displayed; otherwise, the log contains only numeric error
codes. Run the diagnostic program to get more information about error
codes that occur. For instructions, see the diagnostic information in the
Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System
Documentation CD. Select Clear System Event Log to clear the BMC
system-event log.
Important: If the system-error LED on the front of the server is lit but there
are no other error indications, clear the BMC system-event log. This log
does not clear itself, and if it begins to fill up, the system-error LED will be
lit. Also, after you complete a repair or correct an error, clear the BMC
system-event log to turn off the system-error LED on the front of the server.
- Serial /Modem Device Commands
Select this choice to change the serial port sharing and access mode.
v Serial Port Sharing
Enable or disable serial port sharing. Enabled is the default setting.
v Serial Port Access Mode
Share, disable, preboot only, or always available. Shared is the default
setting.
- LAN Settings
Select this choice to view the baseboard management controller network
configuration information.
– NMI Options
Select this choice to enable or disable the NMI reboot. Enabled is the default
setting.
v Error Logs
Select this choice to view or clear error logs.
– POST Error Log
Select this choice to view the three most recent error codes and messages
that the system generated during POST. For more information about error
logs, see IPMI on page 56.
– System Event/Error Log
Select this choice to view error codes and messages that the system
generated during POST and all system status messages from the service
processor. Select Clear error logs to clear the system event/error log. For
more information on error logs, see IPMI on page 56.
Important: If the system-error LED on the front of the server is lit but there
are no other error indications, clear the system event/error log. This log does
not clear itself, and if it begins to fill up, the system-error LED will be lit. Also,
after you complete a repair or correct an error, clear the system event/error
log to turn off the system-error LED on the front of the server.
v Save Settings
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
57
Select this choice to save the changes that you have made in the settings.
v Restore Settings
Select this choice to cancel the changes that you have made in the settings and
restore the previous settings.
v Load Default Settings
Select this choice to cancel the changes that you have made in the settings and
restore the factory settings.
v Exit Setup
Select this choice to exit from the Configuration/Setup Utility program. If you have
not saved the changes that you have made in the settings, you are asked
whether you want to save the changes or exit without saving them.
Passwords
From the System Security choice, you can set, change, and delete a power-on
password and an administrator password. The System Security choice is on the
full Configuration/Setup menu only.
If you set only a power-on password, you must type the power-on password to
complete the system startup and to have access to the full Configuration/Setup
Utility menu.
An administrator password is intended to be used by a system administrator; it
limits access to the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu. If you set only an
administrator password, you do not have to type a password to complete the
system startup, but you must type the administrator password to access the
Configuration/Setup Utility menu.
If you set a power-on password for a user and an administrator password for a
system administrator, you can type either password to complete the system startup.
A system administrator who types the administrator password has access to the full
Configuration/Setup Utility menu; the system administrator can give the user
authority to set, change, and delete the power-on password. A user who types the
power-on password has access to only the limited Configuration/Setup Utility menu;
the user can set, change, and delete the power-on password, if the system
administrator has given the user that authority.
Power-on password
If a power-on password is set, when you turn on the server, the system startup will
not be completed until you type the power-on password. You can use any
combination of up to seven characters (A - Z, a - z, and 0 - 9) for the password.
When a power-on password is set, you can enable the Unattended Start mode, in
which the keyboard and mouse remain locked but the operating system can start.
You can unlock the keyboard and mouse by typing the power-on password.
If you forget the power-on password, you can regain access to the server in any of
the following ways:
v If an administrator password is set, type the administrator password at the
password prompt. Start the Configuration/Setup Utility program and reset the
power-on password.
v Remove the server battery and then reinstall it. For instructions for removing the
battery, see the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM System
x3500 Documentation CD.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
v Toggle switch 2 of SW4 on the system board to the on position to bypass the
power-on password check.
Attention: Before you change any switch settings or move any jumpers, turn
off the server; then, disconnect all power cords and external cables. Do not
change settings or move jumpers on any system-board switch or jumper blocks
that are not shown in this document.
The following illustration shows the locations of the power-on password override,
boot recovery, and Wake on LAN bypass jumpers.
Wake on LAN
(CN 45)
SW4 (Boot block/Clear CMOS)
While the server is turned off, toggle the position of switch 2 of SW4 to the on
position. You can then start the Configuration/Setup Utility program and reset the
power-on password. After you reset the password, turn off the server again and
move the switch back to the off position.
The power-on password override switch does not affect the administrator
password.
Administrator password
If an administrator password is set, you must type the administrator password for
access to the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu. You can use any combination of
up to seven characters (A - Z, a - z, and 0 - 9) for the password. The
Administrator Password choice is on the Configuration/Setup Utility menu only if
an optional IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine is installed.
Attention: If you forget the administrator password, you must replace the system
board.
Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
The ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD contains a setup and installation
program that is designed for your server. The ServerGuide program detects the
server model and optional hardware devices that are installed and uses that
information during setup to configure the hardware. The ServerGuide program
simplifies operating-system installations by providing updated device drivers and, in
some cases, installing them automatically.
If a later version of the ServerGuide program is available, you can download a free
image of the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD or purchase the CD from the
ServerGuide fulfillment Web site at http://www.ibm.com/systems/management/
serverguide/sub.html. To download the free image, click IBM Service and Support
Site.
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
59
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
The ServerGuide program has the following features:
v An easy-to-use interface
v Diskette-free setup, and configuration programs that are based on detected
hardware
v ServeRAID Manager program, which configures your ServeRAID adapter or
integrated SAS/SATA controller with RAID capabilities
v Device drivers that are provided for the server model and detected hardware
v File-system type that is selectable during setup
ServerGuide features
Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the ServerGuide
program. To learn more about the version that you have, start the ServerGuide
Setup and Installation CD and view the online overview. Not all features are
supported on all server models.
The ServerGuide program requires a supported IBM server with an enabled
startable (bootable) CD drive. In addition to the ServerGuide Setup and Installation
CD, you must have the operating-system CD to install the operating system.
The ServerGuide program performs the following tasks:
v Sets system date and time
v Detects an installed SAS RAID adapter or controller and runs the SAS RAID
configuration program
v Checks the microcode (firmware) levels of a ServeRAID adapter and determines
whether a later level is available from the CD
v Detects installed optional hardware devices and provides updated device drivers
for most adapters and devices
v Provides diskette-free installation for supported Windows operating systems
v Includes an online readme file with links to tips for your hardware and
operating-system installation
Setup and configuration overview
When you use the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, you do not need setup
diskettes. You can use the CD to configure any supported IBM server model. The
setup program provides a list of tasks that are required to set up the server model.
On a server with a ServeRAID SAS controller or integrated SAS/SATA controller
with RAID capabilities, you can run ServeRAID Manager to create logical drives.
Note: Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the
ServerGuide program.
When you start the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, the program prompts
you to complete the following tasks:
v Select your language.
v Select your keyboard layout and country.
v View the overview to learn about ServerGuide features.
v View the readme file to review installation tips for your operating system and
adapter.
v Start the operating-system installation. You will need your operating-system CD.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Typical operating system installation
The ServerGuide program can reduce the time it takes to install an operating
system. It provides the device drivers that are required for your hardware and for
the operating system that you are installing. This section describes a typical
ServerGuide operating-system installation.
Note: Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the
ServerGuide program.
1. After you have completed the setup process, the operating-system installation
program starts. (You will need your operating-system CD to complete the
installation.)
2. The ServerGuide program stores information about the server model, service
processor, hard disk drive controllers, and network adapters. Then, the program
checks the CD for newer device drivers. This information is stored and then
passed to the operating-system installation program.
3. The ServerGuide program prompts you to insert your operating-system CD and
restart the server. At this point, the installation program for the operating system
takes control to complete the installation.
Installing your operating system without ServerGuide
If you have already configured the server hardware and you are not using the
ServerGuide program to install your operating system, complete the following steps
to download the latest operating-system installation instructions from the IBM Web
site.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
Under Product support, click System x.
From the menu on the left side of the page, click System x support search.
From the Task menu, select Install.
From the Product family menu, select System x3500.
From the Operating system menu, select your operating system, and then click
Search to display the available installation documents.
Using the baseboard management controller
The baseboard management controller provides environmental monitoring for the
server. If environmental conditions exceed thresholds or if system components fail,
the baseboard management controller lights LEDs to help you diagnose the
problem and also records the error in the system event/error log.
The baseboard management controller also provides the following remote server
management capabilities through the OSA SMBridge management utility program:
v Command-line interface (IPMI Shell)
The command-line interface provides direct access to server management
functions through the IPMI protocol. Use the command-line interface to issue
commands to control the server power, view system information, and identify the
server. You can also save one or more commands as a text file and run the file
as a script.
v Serial over LAN
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
61
Establish a Serial over LAN (SOL) connection to manage servers from a remote
location. You can remotely view and change the BIOS settings, restart the server,
identify the server, and perform other management functions. Any standard Telnet
client application can access the SOL connection.
Enabling and configuring SOL using the OSA SMBridge management
utility program
To enable and configure the server for SOL by using the OSA SMBridge
management utility program, you must update and configure the BIOS; update and
configure the baseboard management controller (BMC) firmware; update and
configure the Ethernet controller firmware; and enable the operating system for an
SOL connection.
BIOS update and configuration
Complete the following steps to update and configure the BIOS code to enable
SOL:
1. Update the BIOS code:
a. Download the latest version of the BIOS code from http://www.ibm.com/
systems/support/.
b. Update the BIOS code, following the instructions that come with the update
file that you downloaded.
2. Update the BMC firmware:
a. Download the latest version of the BMC firmware from http://www.ibm.com/
systems/support/.
b. Update the BMC firmware, following the instructions that come with the
update file that you downloaded.
3. Configure the BIOS settings:
a. Restart the server and press F1 when are prompted to start the
Configuration/Setup Utility program.
b. Select Devices and I/O Ports; then, make sure that the values are set as
follows:
v Serial Port A: Auto-configure
v Serial Port B: Auto-configure
c. Select Remote Console Redirection; then, make sure that the values are
set as follows:
v Remote Console COM Port: COM 2
v Remote Console Baud Rate: 19200 or higher
v Remote Console Connection Type: VT100
v Remote Console Connect: Direct
v Remote Console Flow Control: Hardware
v Remote Console Active After Boot: Enabled
d. Press Esc twice to exit the Remote Console Redirection and Devices and
I/O Ports sections of the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
e. Select Advanced Setup; then, select Baseboard Management Controller
(BMC) Settings.
f. Set BMC Serial Port Access Mode to Dedicated.
g. Press Esc twice to exit the Baseboard Management Controller (BMC)
Settings and Advanced Setup sections of the Configuration/Setup Utility
program.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
h.
i.
j.
k.
Select Save Settings; then, press Enter.
Press Enter to confirm.
Select Exit Setup; then, press Enter.
Make sure that Yes, exit the Setup Utility is selected; then, press Enter.
Linux configuration
For SOL operation on the server, you must configure the Linux® operating system to
expose the Linux initialization (booting) process. This enables users to log in to the
Linux console through an SOL session and directs Linux output to the serial
console. See the documentation for your specific Linux operating-system type for
information and instructions.
Use one of the following procedures to enable SOL sessions for your Linux
operating system. You must be logged in as a root user to perform these
procedures.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES 2.1 configuration:
Note: This procedure is based on a default installation of Red Hat Enterprise Linux
ES 2.1. The file names, structures, and commands might be different for other
versions of Red Hat Linux.
Complete the following steps to configure the general Linux parameters for SOL
operation when using the Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES 2.1 operating system.
Note: Hardware flow control prevents character loss during communication over a
serial connection. You must enable it when using a Linux operating system.
1. Add the following line to the end of the # Run gettys in standard runlevels
section of the /etc/inittab file. This enables hardware flow control and enables
users to log in through the SOL console.
7:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -h ttyS0 19200 vt102
2. Add the following line at the bottom of the /etc/securetty file to enable a user to
log in as the root user through the SOL console:
ttyS0
LILO configuration: If you are using LILO, complete the following steps:
1. Complete the following steps to modify the /etc/lilo.conf file:
a. Add the following text to the end of the first default=linux line
-Monitor
b. Comment out the map=/boot/map line by adding a # at the beginning of this
line.
c. Comment out the message=/boot/message line by adding a # at the beginning
of this line.
d. Add the following line before the first image= line:
# This will allow you to only Monitor the OS boot via SOL
e. Add the following text to the end of the first label=linux line:
-Monitor
f. Add the following line to the first image= section. This enables SOL.
append="console=ttyS0,19200n8 console=tty1"
g. Add the following lines between the two image= sections:
# This will allow you to Interact with the OS boot via SOL
image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12smp
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
63
label=linux-Interact
initrd=/boot/initrd-2.4.9-e.12smp.img
read-only
root=/dev/hda6
append="console=tty1 console=ttyS0,19200n8 "
The following examples show the original content of the /etc/lilo.conf file and the
content of this file after modification.
Original /etc/lilo.conf contents
prompt
timeout=50
default=linux
boot=/dev/hda
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b
message=/boot/message
linear
image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12smp
label=linux
initrd=/boot/initrd-2.4.9-e.12smp.img
read-only
root=/dev/hda6
image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12
label=linux-up
initrd=/boot/initrd-2.4.9-e.12.img
read-only
root=/dev/hda6
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Modified /etc/lilo.conf contents
prompt
timeout=50
default=linux-Monitor
boot=/dev/hda
#map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b
#message=/boot/message
linear
# This will allow you to only Monitor the OS boot via SOL
image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12smp
label=linux-Monitor
initrd=/boot/initrd-2.4.9-e.12smp.img
read-only
root=/dev/hda6
append="console=ttyS0,19200n8 console=tty1"
# This will allow you to Interact with the OS boot via SOL
image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12smp
label=linux-Interact
initrd=/boot/initrd-2.4.9-e.12smp.img
read-only
root=/dev/hda6
append="console=tty1 console=ttyS0,19200n8 "
image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12
label=linux-up
initrd=/boot/initrd-2.4.9-e.12.img
read-only
root=/dev/hda6
2. Run the lilo command to store and activate the LILO configuration.
When the Linux operating system starts, a LILO boot: prompt is displayed instead
of the graphical user interface. Press Tab at this prompt to install all of the boot
options that are listed. To load the operating system in interactive mode, type
linux-Interact and then press Enter.
GRUB configuration: If you are using GRUB, complete the following steps to
modify the /boot/grub/grub.conf file:
1. Comment out the splashimage= line by adding a # at the beginning of this line.
2. Add the following line before the first title= line:
# This will allow you to only Monitor the OS boot via SOL
3. Append the following text to the first title= line:
SOL Monitor
4. Append the following text to the kernel/ line of the first title= section:
console=ttyS0,19200 console=tty1
5. Add the following five lines between the two title= sections:
# This will allow you to Interact with the OS boot via SOL
title Red Hat Linux (2.4.9-e.12smp) SOL Interactive
root (hd0,0)
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
65
kernel /vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12smp ro root=/dev/hda6 console=tty1
console=ttyS0,19200
initrd /initrd-2.4.9-e.12smp.img
Note: The entry that begins with kernel /vmlinuz is shown with a line break after
console=tty1. In your file, the entire entry must all be on one line.
The following examples show the original content of the /boot/grub/grub.conf file
and the content of this file after modification.
Original /boot/grub/grub.conf contents
#grub.conf generated by anaconda
#
# Note that you do not have to rerun grub after making changes to this file
# NOTICE:
You have a /boot partition.
This means that
#
all kernel and initrd paths are relative to /boot/, eg.
#
root (hd0,0)
#
kernel /vmlinuz-version ro root=/dev/hda6
#
initrd /initrd-version.img
#boot=/dev/hda
default=0
timeout=10
splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz
title Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES (2.4.9-e.12smp)
root (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12smp ro root=/dev/hda6
initrd /initrd-2.4.9-e.12smp.img
title Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES-up (2.4.9-e.12)
root (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12 ro root=/dev/hda6
initrd /initrd-2.4.9-e.12.img
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Modified /boot/grub/grub.conf contents
#grub.conf generated by anaconda
#
# Note that you do not have to rerun grub after making changes to this file
# NOTICE:
You have a /boot partition.
This means that
#
all kernel and initrd paths are relative to /boot/, eg.
#
root (hd0,0)
#
kernel /vmlinuz-version ro root=/dev/hda6
#
initrd /initrd-version.img
#boot=/dev/hda
default=0
timeout=10
# splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz
# This will allow you to only Monitor the OS boot via SOL
title Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES (2.4.9-e.12smp) SOL Monitor
root (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12smp ro root=/dev/hda6 console=ttyS0,19200 console=tty1
initrd /initrd-2.4.9-e.12smp.img
# This will allow you to Interact with the OS boot via SOL
title Red Hat Linux (2.4.9-e.12smp) SOL Interactive
root (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12smp ro root=/dev/hda6 console=tty1 console=ttyS0,19200
initrd /initrd-2.4.9-e.12smp.img
title Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES-up (2.4.9-e.12)
root (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.4.9-e.12 ro root=/dev/hda6
initrd /initrd-2.4.9-e.12.img
You must restart the Linux operating system after you complete these procedures
for the changes to take effect and to enable SOL.
SUSE SLES 8.0 configuration:
Note: This procedure is based on a default installation of SUSE Linux Enterprise
Server (SLES) 8.0. The file names, structures, and commands might be different for
other versions of SUSE Linux.
Complete the following steps to configure the general Linux parameters for SOL
operation when using the SLES 8.0 operating system.
Note: Hardware flow control prevents character loss during communication over a
serial connection. You must enable it when using a Linux operating system.
1. Add the following line to the end of the # getty-programs for the normal
runlevels section of the /etc/inittab file. This enables hardware flow control and
enables users to log in through the SOL console.
7:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -h ttyS0 19200 vt102
2. Add the following line after the tty6 line at the bottom of the /etc/securetty file to
enable a user to log in as the root user through the SOL console:
ttyS0
3. Complete the following steps to modify the /boot/grub/menu.lst file:
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
67
a. Comment out the gfxmenu line by adding a # in front of the word gfxmenu.
b. Add the following line before the first title line:
# This will allow you to only Monitor the OS boot via SOL
c. Append the following text to the first title line:
SOL Monitor
d. Append the following text to the kernel line of the first title section:
console=ttyS0,19200 console=tty1
e. Add the following four lines between the first two title sections:
# This will allow you to Interact with the OS boot via SOL
title linux SOL Interactive
kernel (hd0,1)/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 acpi=oldboot vga=791
console=tty1 console=ttyS0,19200
initrd (hd0,1)/boot/initrd
The following examples show the original content of the /boot/grub/menu.lst
file and the content of this file after modification.
Original /boot/grub/menu.lst contents
Notes
gfxmanu (hd0,1)/boot/message
color white/blue black/light-gray
default 0
timeout 8
title linux
kernel (hd0,1)/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 acpi=oldboot vga=791
initrd (hd0,1)/boot/initrd
title floppy
root
chainloader +1
title failsafe
kernal (hd0,1)/boot/vmlinuz.shipped root=/dev/hda2 ide=nodma apm=off vga=normal nosmp
disableapic maxcpus=0 3
1
1
initrd (hd0,1)/boot/initrd.shipped
Note 1: The kernel line is shown with a line break. In your file, the entire entry must all be on one line.
Modified /boot/grub/menu.lst contents
Notes
#gfxmanu (hd0,1)/boot/message
color white/blue black/light-gray
default 0
timeout 8
# This will allow you to only Monitor the OS boot via SOL
title linux SOL Monitor
kernel (hd0,1)/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 acpi=oldboot vga=791 console=ttyS1,19200
console=tty1
initrd (hd0,1)/boot/initrd
# This will allow you to Interact with the OS boot via SOL
title linux SOL Interactive
kernel (hd0,1)/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 acpi=oldboot vga=791 console=tty1 console=ttyS0,19200
initrd (hd0,1)/boot/initrd
title floppy
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
1
Modified /boot/grub/menu.lst contents
Notes
root
chainloader +1
title failsafe
kernel (hd0,1)/boot/vmlinuz.shipped root=/dev/hda2 ide=nodma apm=off vga=normal nosmp
disableapic maxcpus=0 3
1
initrd (hd0,1)/boot/initrd.shipped
Note 1: The kernel line is shown with a line break. In your file, the entire entry must all be on one line.
You must restart the Linux operating system after you complete these procedures
for the changes to take effect and to enable SOL.
Microsoft Windows 2003 Standard Edition configuration
Note: This procedure is based on a default installation of the Microsoft Windows
2003 operating system.
Complete the following steps to configure the Windows 2003 operating system for
SOL operation. You must be logged in as a user with administrator access to
perform this procedure.
1. Complete the following steps to determine which boot entry ID to modify:
a. Type bootcfg at a Windows command prompt; then, press Enter to display
the current boot options for your server.
b. In the Boot Entries section, locate the boot entry ID for the section with an
OS friendly name of Windows Server 2003, Standard. Write down the boot
entry ID for use in the next step.
2. To enable the Microsoft Windows Emergency Management System (EMS), at a
Windows command prompt, type
bootcfg /EMS ON /PORT COM1 /BAUD 19200 /ID boot_id
where boot_id is the boot entry ID from step 1b; then, press Enter.
3. Complete the following steps to verify that the EMS console is redirected to the
COM2 serial port:
a. Type bootcfg at a Windows command prompt; then, press Enter to display
the current boot options for your server.
b. Verify the following changes to the bootcfg settings:
v In the Boot Loader Settings section, make sure that redirect is set to
COM2 and that redirectbaudrate is set to 19200.
v In the Boot Entries section, make sure that the OS Load Options: line
has /redirect appended to the end of it.
The following examples show the original bootcfg program output and the output
after modification.
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
69
Original bootcfg program output
Boot Loader Settings
---------------------------timeout: 30
default: multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
Boot Entries
---------------Boot entry ID: 1
OS Friendly Name: Windows Server 2003, Standard
Path: multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
OS Load Options: /fastdetect
Modified bootcfg program output
Boot Loader Settings
---------------------------timeout: 30
default: multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
redirect: COM1
redirectbaudrate: 19200
Boot Entries
---------------Boot entry ID: 1
OS Friendly Name: Windows Server 2003, Standard
Path: multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
OS Load Options: /fastdetect /redirect
You must restart the Windows 2003 operating system after you complete this
procedure for the changes to take effect and to enable SOL.
Installing the OSA SMBridge management utility program
Complete the following steps to install the OSA SMBridge management utility
program on a server running a Windows operating system:
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/, download the utility program, and
create the OSA BMC Management Utility CD.
2. Insert the OSA BMC Management Utility CD into the drive. The InstallShield
wizard starts, and a window similar to that shown in the following illustration
opens.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
3. Follow the prompts to complete the installation.
The installation program prompts you for a TCP/IP port number and an IP
address. Specify an IP address, if you want to limit the connection requests that
will be accepted by the utility program. To accept connections from any server,
type INADDR_ANY as the IP address. Also specify the port number that the utility
program will use. These values will be recorded in the smbridge.cfg file for the
automatic startup of the utility program.
Complete the following steps to install the OSA SMBridge management utility
program on a server running a Linux operating system. You must be logged in as a
root user to perform these procedures.
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/, download the utility program, and
create the OSA BMC Management Utility CD.
2. Insert the OSA BMC Management Utility CD into the drive.
3. Type mount/mnt/cdrom.
4. Locate the directory where the installation RPM package is located and type
cd/mnt/cdrom.
5. Type the following command to run the RPM package and start the installation:
rpm -ivh smbridge-2.0-XX.rpm
6. Follow the prompts to complete the installation. When the installation is
complete, the utility copies files to the following directories:
/etc/init.d/SMBridge
/etc/smbridge.cfg
/usr/sbin/smbriged
/var/log/smbridge/Liscense.txt
/var/log/smbridge/Readme.txt
The utility starts automatically when the server is started. You can also locate the
/ect/init.d directory to start the utility and use the following commands to manage
the utility:
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
71
smbridge
smbridge
smbridge
smbridge
status
start
stop
restart
Using the baseboard management controller utility programs
Use the baseboard management controller utility programs to configure the
baseboard management controller, download firmware updates and SDR/FRU
updates, and remotely manage a network.
Using the baseboard management controller configuration utility
program
Use the baseboard management controller configuration utility program to view or
change the baseboard management controller configuration settings. You can also
use the utility program to save the configuration to a file for use on multiple servers.
Complete the following steps to start the baseboard management controller
configuration utility program:
1. Insert the configuration utility diskette into the diskette drive and restart the
server.
2. From a command-line prompt, type bmc_cfg and press Enter.
3. Follow the instructions on the screen.
Using the baseboard management controller firmware update
utility program
Use the baseboard management controller firmware update utility disk to update the
baseboard management controller firmware and SDR/FRU data. The firmware
update utility updates the baseboard management controller firmware and
SDR/FRU data only and does not affect any device drivers.
Note: To ensure proper server operation, be sure to update the server baseboard
management controller firmware before you update the BIOS code.
To update the firmware, if the Linux or Windows operating-system update package
is available from the World Wide Web and you have obtained the applicable update
package, follow the instructions that come with the update package.
Using the OSA SMBridge management utility program
Use the OSA SMBridge management utility program to remotely manage and
configure a network. The utility program provides the following remote management
capabilities:
v CLI (command-line interface) mode
Use CLI mode to remotely perform power-management and system identification
control functions over a LAN or serial port interface from a command-line
interface. Use CLI mode also to remotely view the system event/error log.
Use the following commands in CLI mode:
– identify
Control the system-locator LED on the front of the server.
– power
Turn the server on and off remotely.
– sel
Perform operations with the BMC system event log.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
– sysinfo
Display general system information that is related to the server and the
baseboard management controller.
v Serial over LAN
Use the Serial over LAN capability to remotely perform control and management
functions over a Serial over LAN (SOL) network. You can also use SOL to
remotely view and change the server BIOS settings.
At a command prompt, type Telnet localhost 623 to access the SOL network.
Type help at the smbridge> prompt for more information.
Use the following commands in an SOL session:
– connect
Connect to the LAN. Type connect -ip ip_address -u username -p
password.
– identify
Control the system-locator LED on the front of the server.
– power
Turn the server on and off remotely.
– reboot
Force the server to restart.
– sel get
Display the system event/error log.
– sol
Configure the SOL function.
– sysinfo
Display system information that is related to the server and the globally
unique identifier (GUID).
Using the Boot Menu program
The Boot Menu program is a built-in, menu-driven configuration program that you
can use to temporarily redefine the first startup device without changing settings in
the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
use the Boot Menu program, complete the following steps:
Turn off the server.
Restart the server.
Press F12.
Select the startup device.
The next time that the server is started, it returns to the startup sequence that is set
in the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
Enabling the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program
The Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility is part of the BIOS. You can use it to
configure the network as a startable device, and you can customize where the
network startup option appears in the startup sequence.
To enable the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program, complete the following
steps:
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
73
1. From the Configuration/Setup Utility main menu, select Devices and I/O Ports
and press Enter.
2. Select Planar Ethernet and use the Right Arrow (→) key to set it to Enabled.
3. Select Save Settings and press Enter.
Configuring the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet controller
The Ethernet controller is integrated on the system board. It provides an interface
for connecting to a 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 1 Gbps network and provides full-duplex
(FDX) capability, which enables simultaneous transmission and reception of data on
the network. If the Ethernet port in the server supports auto-negotiation, the
controller detects the data-transfer rate (10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, or 1000BASE-T)
and duplex mode (full-duplex or half-duplex) of the network and automatically
operates at that rate and mode.
You do not have to set any jumpers or configure the controller. However, you must
install a device driver to enable the operating system to address the controller. To
find updated information about configuring the controller, complete the following
steps.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
2. Under Product support, click System x.
3. Under Popular links, click Publications lookup.
4. From the Product family menu, select System x3500 and click Continue.
Setting up the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
You use the optional Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine to obtain enhanced
system management capabilities, above those of the embedded BMC. The Remote
Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine has a dedicated Ethernet connection at the rear of
the server.
This section describes how to set up, cable, and configure the Remote Supervisor
Adapter II SlimLine so that you can manage the server remotely.
In addition to the information in this section, see the IBM Remote Supervisor
Adapter II SlimLine User’s Guide for information about how to configure and use the
Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine to manage the server remotely through the
Web-based interface or the text-based interface.
Note: The Web-based interface and text-based interface do not support
double-byte character set (DBCS) languages.
Requirements
Make sure that the following Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine requirements
are met:
v The Web interface Remote Disk function requires the client system to be running
Microsoft Windows 2000 or later. The Web interface Remote Control features
require the Java™1.4 Plug-in or later. The following Web browsers are supported:
– Microsoft Internet Explorer version 5.5 or later with the latest Service Pack
– Netscape Navigator version 7.0 or later
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
– Mozilla version 1.3 or later
v If you plan to configure Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap alerts
on the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine, install and compile the
management information base (MIB) on your SNMP manager.
v You will need an Internet connection to the client system to download software
and firmware from the IBM Support Web site during the installation process. The
Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine firmware and the SNMP MIB are
available on the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD; the latest versions are
available at http://www.ibm.com/systems/management/serverguide/sub.html.
Cabling the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
You can manage the server remotely through the Remote Supervisor Adapter II
SlimLine by using the dedicated system-management Ethernet connector on the
rear of the server.
For additional information about network configuration, go to the Remote Supervisor
Adapter II SlimLine Installation Guide.
Complete the following steps to cable the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine:
1. Connect one end of a Category 3 or Category 5 Ethernet cable to the dedicated
systems-management Ethernet connector. See “Rear view” on page 10 for the
location of the systems-management Ethernet connector.
2. Connect the other end of the cable to the network.
Installing the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine firmware
The software and firmware files that you need are contained in one system service
package installation kit. The kit contains the following files:
v Software and firmware installation instructions
v BIOS code update with support for the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
v Diagnostics code update
v Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine device drivers
v Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine firmware update
v Integrated service processor firmware update
v Video device driver
v Firmware-update utility program
Complete the following steps to download and install the software and firmware.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/support/.
2. In the left navigation pane, click Downloads and drivers.
3. In the Search field, type Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine firmware
and click Search.
4. Select the system service package for the operating system that is running on
the server in which the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine is installed.
5. Click the file link to download the system service package to d:\ibmssp, where d
is the hard disk drive letter. (Create the directory if necessary.)
6. Extract the files into d:\ibmssp. See the readme.txt file, which is included with
the extracted files, for a list of the files in the package.
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
75
7. Follow the instructions in Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine Installation
Instructions, which is in Portable Document Format (PDF) in d:\ibmssp, to install
the software and firmware.
8. Restart the server after the software and firmware are installed.
Completing the setup
See the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine User’s Guide on the IBM
Documentation CD for instructions for completing the configuration, including the
following procedures:
v Configuring the Ethernet ports
v Defining login IDs and passwords
v Selecting the events that will receive alert notifications
v Monitoring remote server status using the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
Web-based interface
v Controlling the server remotely
v Attaching a remote diskette drive, CD drive, or disk image to the server
After you configure the adapter, use the Web-based interface to create a backup
copy of the configuration so that you can restore the configuration, if you have to
replace the adapter. For more information, see the Remote Supervisor Adapter II
SlimLine User’s Guide.
Using the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility program
Use the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility programs to perform the following tasks:
v Configure a redundant array of independent disks (RAID) array
v View or change the RAID configuration and associated devices
When you are using the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility programs to configure
and manage arrays, consider the following information:
v Hard disk drive capacities affect how you create arrays. Drives in an array can
have different capacities, but the RAID controller treats them as if they all have
the capacity of the smallest hard disk drive.
v To help ensure signal quality, do not mix drives with different speeds and data
rates.
v To update the firmware and BIOS code for an optional ServeRAID SAS
controller, you must use the IBM ServeRAID Support CD that comes with the
ServeRAID option.
Starting the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility program
To start the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility program, complete the following
steps:
1. Turn on the server.
2. When the prompt <<< Press <CTRL><A> for Adaptec RAID Configuration
Utility! >>> is displayed, press Ctrl+A.
3. To select a choice from the menu, use the arrow keys to highlight it and press
Enter.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility menu choices
The following choices are on the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility menu:
v Array Configuration Utility
Select this choice to create, manage, or delete arrays, or to initialize drives.
v SerialSelect Utility
Select this choice to configure the controller interface definitions or to configure
the physical transfer and SAS address of the selected drive.
v Disk Utilities
Select this choice to format a disk or verify the disk media. Select a device from
the list and read the instructions on the screen carefully before you make a
selection.
Creating a RAID array
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
create a RAID array, complete the following steps:
Start the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility program.
Select Array Configuration Utility.
From the Main menu, select Create Array.
Note: Hard disk drives in an array can have different capacities, but the RAID
controller treats them as if they all have the capacity of the smallest hard disk
drive.
From the list of available drives, select the drives that you want to include in the
array and press Enter.
From the list of available RAID levels, select the one that you want to use.
Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the configuration; then, select
Done to exit.
Restart the server.
Viewing the array configuration
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
view information about the RAID array, complete the following steps:
Start the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility program.
Select Array Configuration Utility.
From the Main menu, select Manage Arrays.
Select an array and press Enter.
To exit from the program, press Esc.
Using ServeRAID Manager
Use ServeRAID Manager, which is on the IBM ServeRAID Support CD, to:
v Configure a redundant array of independent disks (RAID) array
v Restore a SAS hard disk drive to the factory-default settings, erasing all data
from the disk
v View your RAID configuration and associated devices
v Monitor the operation of your RAID controller
To perform some tasks, you can run ServeRAID Manager as an installed program.
However, to configure the SAS and RAID controllers and perform an initial RAID
configuration on the server, you must run ServeRAID Manager in Startable CD
mode, as described in the instructions in this section. If you install a different type of
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
77
RAID adapter in the server, use the configuration method that is described in the
instructions that come with that adapter to view or change SAS settings for attached
devices.
See the ServeRAID documentation on the IBM ServeRAID Support CD for
additional information about RAID technology and instructions for using ServeRAID
Manager to configure your SAS and RAID controllers. Additional information about
ServeRAID Manager is also available from the Help menu. For information about a
specific object in the ServeRAID Manager tree, select the object and click Actions→
Hints and tips.
Configuring the controller
By running ServeRAID Manager in Startable CD mode, you can configure the
controller before you install your operating system. The information in this section
assumes that you are running ServeRAID Manager in Startable CD mode.
To run ServeRAID Manager in Startable CD mode, turn on the server; then, insert
the CD into the DVD-ROM drive. If ServeRAID Manager detects an unconfigured
controller and ready drives, the Configuration wizard starts.
In the Configuration wizard, you can select express configuration or custom
configuration. Express configuration automatically configures the controller by
grouping the first two physical drives in the ServeRAID Manager tree into an array
and creating a RAID level-1 logical drive. If you select custom configuration, you
can select the two physical drives that you want to group into an array and create a
hot-spare drive.
Using express configuration
Complete the following steps to use express configuration:
1. In the ServeRAID Manager tree, click the controller.
2. Click Express configuration.
3. Click Next. The “Configuration summary” window opens.
4. Review the information in the “Configuration summary” window. To change the
configuration, click Modify arrays.
5. Click Apply; then, click Yes when asked if you want to apply the new
configuration. The configuration is saved in the controller and in the physical
drives.
6. Exit from ServeRAID Manager and remove the CD from the DVD-ROM drive.
7. Restart the server.
Using custom configuration
Complete the following steps to use custom configuration:
1. In the ServeRAID Manager tree, click the controller.
2. Click Custom configuration.
3. Click Next. The “Create arrays” window opens.
4. From the list of ready drives, select the two drives that you want to group into
the array.
5. Click the icon on the toolbar to add the selected drives to the array.
6. If you want to configure a hot-spare drive, complete the following steps:
a. Click the Spares tab.
b. Select the physical drive that you want to designate as the hot-spare drive,
and the icon on the toolbar to add the selected drives.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
7. Click Next. The “Configuration summary” window opens.
8. Review the information in the “Configuration summary” window. To change the
configuration, click Back.
9. Click Apply; then, click Yes when asked if you want to apply the new
configuration. The configuration is saved in the controller and in the physical
drives.
10. Exit from ServeRAID Manager and remove the CD from the DVD-ROM drive.
11. Restart the server.
Viewing the configuration
You can use ServeRAID Manager to view information about RAID controllers and
the RAID subsystem (such as arrays, logical drives, hot-spare drives, and physical
drives). When you click an object in the ServeRAID Manager tree, information about
that object appears in the right pane. To display a list of available actions for an
object, click the object and click Actions.
Updating IBM Director
If you plan to use IBM Director to manage the server, you must check for the latest
applicable IBM Director updates and interim fixes.
To install the IBM Director updates and any other applicable updates and interim
fixes, complete the following steps.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
1. Check for the latest version of IBM Director:
a. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/management/downloads.html.
b. If the drop-down list shows a newer version of IBM Director than what
comes with the server, follow the instructions on the Web page to download
the latest version.
2. Install the IBM Director program.
3. Download and install any applicable updates or interim fixes for the server:
a. Go to http://www.ibm.com/support/.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
Click Downloads and drivers.
From the Category list, select xSeries (Intel and AMD processor-based).
From the Sub-category list, select System x3500 and click Continue.
In the Search within results field, type director and click Search.
Select any applicable update or interim fix that you want to download.
Click the link for the executable (.exe) file to download the file, and follow
the instructions in the readme file to install the update or interim fix.
h. Repeat steps 3f and 3g for any additional updates or interim fixes that you
want to install.
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
79
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Appendix. Notices
This information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.
IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in
other countries. Consult your local IBM representative for information on the
products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to an IBM
product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM
product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product,
program, or service that does not infringe any IBM intellectual property right may be
used instead. However, it is the user’s responsibility to evaluate and verify the
operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service.
IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter
described in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any
license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in writing, to:
IBM Director of Licensing
IBM Corporation
North Castle Drive
Armonk, NY 10504-1785
U.S.A.
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS
PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or
implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to
you.
This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.
Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be
incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or
changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any
time without notice.
Any references in this information to non-IBM Web sites are provided for
convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those
Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of the materials for this
IBM product, and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.
IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes
appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.
Trademarks
The following terms are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation
in the United States, other countries, or both:
IBM
IBM (logo)
Active Memory
Active PCI
Active PCI-X
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
FlashCopy
i5/OS
IntelliStation
NetBAY
Netfinity
TechConnect
Tivoli
Tivoli Enterprise
Update Connector
Wake on LAN
81
AIX
Alert on LAN
BladeCenter
Chipkill
e-business logo
Eserver
PowerExecutive
Predictive Failure Analysis
ServeRAID
ServerGuide
ServerProven
System x
XA-32
XA-64
X-Architecture
XpandOnDemand
xSeries
Intel, Intel Xeon, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the
United States, other countries, or both.
Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in
the United States, other countries, or both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other
countries.
Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks of Sun
Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both.
Adaptec and HostRAID are trademarks of Adaptec, Inc., in the United States, other
countries, or both.
Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.
Red Hat, the Red Hat “Shadow Man” logo, and all Red Hat-based trademarks and
logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc., in the United States
and other countries.
Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of
others.
Important notes
Processor speed indicates the internal clock speed of the microprocessor; other
factors also affect application performance.
CD or DVD drive speed is the variable read rate. Actual speeds vary and are often
less than the possible maximum.
When referring to microprocessor storage, real and virtual storage, or channel
volume, KB stands for approximately 1000 bytes, MB stands for approximately 1
000 000 bytes, and GB stands for approximately 1 000 000 000 bytes.
When referring to hard disk drive capacity or communications volume, MB stands
for 1 000 000 bytes, and GB stands for 1 000 000 000 bytes. Total user-accessible
capacity can vary depending on operating environments.
Maximum internal hard disk drive capacities assume the replacement of any
standard hard disk drives and population of all hard disk drive bays with the largest
currently supported drives that are available from IBM.
Maximum memory might require replacement of the standard memory with an
optional memory module.
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IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
IBM makes no representation or warranties regarding non-IBM products and
services that are ServerProven®, including but not limited to the implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. These products are offered
and warranted solely by third parties.
IBM makes no representations or warranties with respect to non-IBM products.
Support (if any) for the non-IBM products is provided by the third party, not IBM.
Some software might differ from its retail version (if available) and might not include
user manuals or all program functionality.
Product recycling and disposal
This unit must be recycled or discarded according to applicable local and national
regulations. IBM encourages owners of information technology (IT) equipment to
responsibly recycle their equipment when it is no longer needed. IBM offers a
variety of product return programs and services in several countries to assist
equipment owners in recycling their IT products. Information on IBM product
recycling offerings can be found on IBM’s Internet site at http://www.ibm.com/ibm/
environment/products/prp.shtml.
Esta unidad debe reciclarse o desecharse de acuerdo con lo establecido en la
normativa nacional o local aplicable. IBM recomienda a los propietarios de equipos
de tecnología de la información (TI) que reciclen responsablemente sus equipos
cuando éstos ya no les sean útiles. IBM dispone de una serie de programas y
servicios de devolución de productos en varios países, a fin de ayudar a los
propietarios de equipos a reciclar sus productos de TI. Se puede encontrar
información sobre las ofertas de reciclado de productos de IBM en el sitio web de
IBM http://www.ibm.com/ibm/environment/products/prp.shtml.
Notice: This mark applies only to countries within the European Union (EU) and
Norway.
This appliance is labeled in accordance with European Directive 2002/96/EC
concerning waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). The Directive
determines the framework for the return and recycling of used appliances as
applicable throughout the European Union. This label is applied to various products
to indicate that the product is not to be thrown away, but rather reclaimed upon end
of life per this Directive.
Appendix. Notices
83
Remarque : Cette marque s’applique uniquement aux pays de l’Union Européenne
et à la Norvège.
L’etiquette du système respecte la Directive européenne 2002/96/EC en matière de
Déchets des Equipements Electriques et Electroniques (DEEE), qui détermine les
dispositions de retour et de recyclage applicables aux systèmes utilisés à travers
l’Union européenne. Conformément à la directive, ladite étiquette précise que le
produit sur lequel elle est apposée ne doit pas être jeté mais être récupéré en fin
de vie.
In accordance with the European WEEE Directive, electrical and electronic
equipment (EEE) is to be collected separately and to be reused, recycled, or
recovered at end of life. Users of EEE with the WEEE marking per Annex IV of the
WEEE Directive, as shown above, must not dispose of end of life EEE as unsorted
municipal waste, but use the collection framework available to customers for the
return, recycling, and recovery of WEEE. Customer participation is important to
minimize any potential effects of EEE on the environment and human health due to
the potential presence of hazardous substances in EEE. For proper collection and
treatment, contact your local IBM representative.
Battery return program
This product may contain a sealed lead acid, nickel cadmium, nickel metal hydride,
lithium, or lithium ion battery. Consult your user manual or service manual for
specific battery information. The battery must be recycled or disposed of properly.
Recycling facilities may not be available in your area. For information on disposal of
batteries outside the United States, go to http://www.ibm.com/ibm/environment/
products/index.shtml or contact your local waste disposal facility.
In the United States, IBM has established a return process for reuse, recycling, or
proper disposal of used IBM sealed lead acid, nickel cadmium, nickel metal hydride,
and battery packs from IBM equipment. For information on proper disposal of these
batteries, contact IBM at 1-800-426-4333. Have the IBM part number listed on the
battery available prior to your call.
For Taiwan: Please recycle batteries.
For the European Union:
84
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Notice: This mark applies only to countries within the European Union (EU).
Batteries or packaging for batteries are labeled in accordance with European
Directive 2006/66/EC concerning batteries and accumulators and waste batteries
and accumulators. The Directive determines the framework for the return and
recycling of used batteries and accumulators as applicable throughout the European
Union. This label is applied to various batteries to indicate that the battery is not to
be thrown away, but rather reclaimed upon end of life per this Directive.
Les batteries ou emballages pour batteries sont étiquetés conformément aux
directives européennes 2006/66/EC, norme relative aux batteries et accumulateurs
en usage et aux batteries et accumulateurs usés. Les directives déterminent la
marche à suivre en vigueur dans l'Union Européenne pour le retour et le recyclage
des batteries et accumulateurs usés. Cette étiquette est appliquée sur diverses
batteries pour indiquer que la batterie ne doit pas être mise au rebut mais plutôt
récupérée en fin de cycle de vie selon cette norme.
In accordance with the European Directive 2006/66/EC, batteries and accumulators
are labeled to indicate that they are to be collected separately and recycled at end
of life. The label on the battery may also include a chemical symbol for the metal
concerned in the battery (Pb for lead, Hg for mercury, and Cd for cadmium). Users
of batteries and accumulators must not dispose of batteries and accumulators as
unsorted municipal waste, but use the collection framework available to customers
for the return, recycling, and treatment of batteries and accumulators. Customer
participation is important to minimize any potential effects of batteries and
accumulators on the environment and human health due to the potential presence
of hazardous substances. For proper collection and treatment, contact your local
IBM representative.
This notice is provided in accordance with Royal Decree 106/2008 of Spain: The
retail price of batteries, accumulators, and power cells includes the cost of the
environmental management of their waste.
For California:
Perchlorate material – special handling may apply. See http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/
hazardouswaste/perchlorate/.
The foregoing notice is provided in accordance with California Code of Regulations
Title 22, Division 4.5 Chapter 33. Best Management Practices for Perchlorate
Materials. This product/part may include a lithium manganese dioxide battery which
contains a perchlorate substance.
Electronic emission notices
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
Appendix. Notices
85
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to
meet FCC emission limits. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television
interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by
unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or
modifications could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Avis de conformité à la réglementation d’Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
Australia and New Zealand Class A statement
Attention: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
United Kingdom telecommunications safety requirement
Notice to Customers
This apparatus is approved under approval number NS/G/1234/J/100003 for indirect
connection to public telecommunication systems in the United Kingdom.
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council
Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any
failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a nonrecommended
modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards.
This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A
Information Technology Equipment according to CISPR 22/European Standard EN
55022. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial
environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed
communication equipment.
Attention: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
86
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
European Community contact:
IBM Technical Regulations
Pascalstr. 100, Stuttgart, Germany 70569
Telephone: 0049 (0)711 785 1176
Fax: 0049 (0)711 785 1283
E-mail: [email protected]
Taiwanese Class A warning statement
Chinese Class A warning statement
Japanese Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) statement
Appendix. Notices
87
88
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Index
A
adapter
boot option 25
hot-plug devices 35
installing 25
hot-plug 35
PCI bus, identification 25
ServeRAID 35
ServeRAID-MR10is
installing 27
types and installation information
administrator password 55, 58, 59
advanced setup 56
attention notices 2
availability 5
configuring
RAID controller 76
SAS devices 76
connecting the cables 50
connectors
on front of server 8
on rear of server 10
controller
configuring with ServeRAID Manager
enabling 55
Ethernet, configuring 74
cooling 5
CPU LED 18
24
D
B
baseboard management controller utility programs
battery return program 84
bays 3
bezel, removing 23
Boot Menu program 53, 73
boot sequence 56
Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility
enabling 73
general information 53
C
cable routing 50
cabling
external 50
ServeRAID-MR10is adapter 27
the server 50
cache 3
cache control 56
caution statements 2
Class A electronic emission notice 85
command-line interface
commands
identify 72
power 72
sel 72
sysinfo 72
for remote management 72
completing the installation 49
configuration 50
Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility 53
configuration wizard 78
Configuration/Setup Utility 53
Ethernet controller 74
ports 55
ServeRAID programs 53
ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
viewing 79
with ServerGuide 60
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2008
78
72
danger statements 2
DASD LED 19
data rate, Ethernet 74
Device Driver and IBM Enhanced Diagnostics CD
device drivers 7
diagnostics CD 4
dimensions 3
DIMM
installation 42
installation order 42
removal 42
types and installation information 37
drives 3, 4
DVD
drive 31
drive activity LED 9
eject button 9
4
E
53
electrical input 3
electronic emission Class A notice 85
enabling
Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility 73
controllers 55
environment 3
error logs 57
Ethernet 4
connector 10
controller
configuring 74
enabling 55
high performance modes 74
integrated on system board 74
modes 74
utility, enabling 73
expansion
bays 3
slots 3
external cabling 50
89
F
J
FAN LED 19
fans 3, 5
FCC Class A notice 85
features 3
and technologies 4
RAS 5
server power 11
ServerGuide 60
filler panel, hard disk drive bay
firmware code, updating 72
full-high tape drive 32
jumper, power-on password override
K
keyboard connector
35
H
handling static-sensitive devices 22
hard disk drive
activity LED 8
installation 35
removal 34
status LED 9
types and installation information 34
heat output 3
hot-plug adapter.
See adapter
hot-swap and hot-plug devices
adapters 35
humidity 3
10
L
LEDs
diagnostics 6
front of server 8
rear of server 10
LEDs, light path
CPU 18
DASD 19
FAN 19
MEM 19
NMI 20
PCI BRD 19
SP 19
TEMP 18
VRM 18
light path diagnostics
LEDs 4, 16
panel 16
local area network (LAN)
4
M
I
IBM Configuration/Setup Utility program
menu choices 54
starting 54
using 54
IBM Director 4, 6, 79
important notices 2
installation
completing 49
guidelines 21
order, memory modules 42
VRM 45
installing
adapter 24, 25
DIMMs 42
DVD drive 31
full-high tape drive 32
hot-plug adapter 35
hot-swap hard disk drive 35
memory 37
microprocessor 44
options 13
redundant power and cooling option 45
ServeRAID-MR10is adapter 27
USB tape drive 33
VRM 45
integrated functions 3
90
59
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
MEM LED 19
memory 3, 4
memory module order of installation 42
microprocessor 3, 5
cache 56
installation 44
type and installation information 43
modes, Ethernet 74
mouse connector 10
N
network operating system (NOS) installation
with ServerGuide 61
without ServerGuide 61
NMI LED 20
noise emissions 3
notes 2
notes, important 82
notices
electronic emission 85
FCC, Class A 85
notices and statements 2
O
online publications 2
order of installation, memory modules 42
OSA SMBridge management utility program
enabling and configuring 62
OSA SMBridge management utility program (continued)
installing 70
P
parallel connector 10
password
administrator 55, 58, 59
forgotten power-on 58
power on, override jumper 59
power-on 58
setting 55
using 58
PCI
BRD LED 19
slot 1 25
slot 6 25
slots 2 and 3 25
slots 4 and 5 25
peripheral component interconnect (PCI)
configuration 56
ports, enabling 55
power
control button 8
control button sheild 8
cord connector 10
features 11
LED 8
redundant 45
requirements 3
supply cage 47
working inside system 22
power supply 3
power-on
password 56, 58
self-test (POST) error log 57
processor control 56
product recycling and disposal 83
publications 1
R
RAS features 5
recycling and disposal, product 83
redundant power and cooling option 45
reliability 5
Remote Supervisor Adapter 5
Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine
cabling 75
installing firmware 75
requirements 74
setting up 74
Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine Ethernet
connector 10
Remote Supervisor Adapter, configuration 53
removing
a DIMM 42
a hot-swap hard disk drive 34
bezel 23
DVD drive 31
the left-side cover 24
S
scan order 25
SCSI, hot-swap 6
SDR/FRU, defined 53
serial connector 10
serial over LAN
commands
connect 73
identify 73
power 73
reboot 73
sel get 73
sol 73
sysinfo 73
server components 13
ServeRAID
Manager 77
programs 53
support 5
ServeRAID-MR10is adapter, installing 27
ServerGuide
CD 4
CDs 53
features 60
NOS installation 61
Setup and Installation CD 53
starting the Setup and Installation CD 60
using 59
serviceability 5
setup
advanced 56
Configuration/Setup Utility 54
with ServerGuide 60
size 3
slots 3
SMP 5
SP LED 19
specifications 3
Standby mode 11
start options 56
starting
Configuration/Setup Utility program 54
ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD 60
startup sequence 56
statements and notices 2
supervisor password
See administrator password
symmetric multiprocessing 5
system
board, external connectors 16
board, internal connectors 14
board, LEDs 15
error LED 9
information LED 8
locator LED 8
reliability guidelines 22
system event/error log 57
systems management 5, 6
Index
91
T
TEMP LED 18
temperature 3
trademarks 81
turning off the server 12
turning on the server 11
U
United States electronic emission Class A notice 85
United States FCC Class A notice 85
Universal Serial Bus (USB)
controller, enabling 55
UpdateXpress 7
updating
firmware code 72
IBM Director 79
server configuration 50
USB
connector 9, 10
tape drive 33
user password
See power-on password
using
baseboard management controller utility
programs 72
Boot Menu program 73
IBM Configuration/Setup Utility program 53, 54
passwords 55, 58
ServerGuide 59
utility
Configuration/Setup 54
Ethernet 53, 73
utility program
Adaptec RAID Configuration 76
V
video connector 10
viewing the configuration
Configuration/Setup Utility
VRM
installing 45
LED 18
54
W
Web site
ServerGuide 59
weight 3
working inside the server with the power on
92
22
IBM System x3500 Type 7977: User’s Guide
Part Number: 44R5219
Printed in USA
(1P) P/N: 44R5219
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