Greening Churches Guide Chapter 1: Stewardship

Greening Churches Guide Chapter 1: Stewardship
Conserving and Redeeming God’s Creation
You may be familiar with the term “steward” from an economic perspective, as someone who is a good manager of
finances. But the words economy and ecology are both derived from the Greek word for steward, oikonomos. Thus a
steward not only takes care of finances but also of natural resources. Yes, being a steward implies use, but it implies
wise use and good management of God’s blessings.
This chapter will equip congregations with the tools to be good stewards of God-given resources. The first section
provides tangible tips for conserving energy and water in the church. The second section deals with waste. It outlines
strategies for improving recycling within the church facility and tackling the the issue of styrofoam cups at coffee hour.
Finally, we offer a section on land stewardship which includes tips for property management, land restoration, and
community gardens. We even feature two local projects!
• Section 1 •
Energy & Water
Install programmable thermostats that allow you to adjust heating and
cooling according to room and time
Double doors in entryways prevent air exchanged when opening and closing
Floor mats near exterior doors prevent people from tracking mud and reduce
use of cleaning products
Challenge: Consider moving toward renewable energy sources. Look into
grants and loans for funding projects
Sanctuary & Narthex
Turn off the lights when not in use!
Replace lightbulbs with compact fluorescent (CFLs) or LEDs.
Use reversible ceiling fans to circulate air in sanctuary and make heating/
cooling systems more effective. In the winter, change settings to push hot air
Use local wine and bread for communion
Unplug sound systems when not in use
Replace altar flowers with potted plants or keep flowers for more than 1 week
Put recycling bins outside of sanctuary for bulletins or have ushers collect
bulletins individually
Insulate stain-glass. See page 70 for more information. If possible, insulate
exterior walls
Challenge: Switch to online newsletter to shorten your bulletins. If you are
already using a projector during worship, consider replacing bulletins with
electronic announcements
Office & Classrooms
Empty refrigerators require more energy to cool. Keep plastic jugs of water in
the fridge regularly and take them out when you need to store food for large
Invest in Energy Star Appliances.
Save energy by unplugging small appliances when not in use (microwaves,
coffee pots, etc.)
To reduce water use when hand-washing dishes, install an on-demand water
Install faucet aerators in kitchen sinks
Fix links in sinks and dishwashers
Check the seal on the refrigerator
Buy fair trade coffee and local foods when possible
Use re-useable dishes
Use mason glass jars for storage instead of plastic containers
Find biodegradable or washable substitutes to plastic utensils.
Make dishwashing a regular fellowship or service activity! Create
intergenerational teams that rotate every few months.
Turn off lights when not in use!
Use eco-friendly cleaning products to reduce exposure to toxic chemicals
Use lamps or natural light when possible. Floor lamps can also create a
warmer atmosphere than overhead fluorescents in pastor’s offices.
Buy paper made from recycled fiber and office supplies in bulk
Shut down computers nightly and use standby mode during the day when
they are not being used
Use power strips to turn off all electronics with one switch to turn off all
Put recycling bins in every classroom
Recycle ink cartridges from printers
Encourage staff to bring their own reusable mugs instead of styrofoam cups
Regulate temperature in classrooms by closing and opening blinds to let
sunlight in or out
Install sensor lighting fixtures with timers
Install faucet aerators to reduce water consumption
Fix leaks on faucets and toilets regularly
Use eco-friendly cleaning products
Use toilet paper and paper towels made from recycled paper
Place recycling bin in bathroom if you find leftover bulletins, pop cans, and
other recyclable materials frequently disposed of in there
Put up signs to remind people to turn off lights and conserve water.
Use bathroom stalls to educate people on sustainability with posters!
Challenge: Install dual-flush toilets. These can save 10-20 thousand gallons
of water per year/per toilet. Retrofits are available for existing toilets for
similar savings.
*These tips were adapted from the ELCA Mission Investment Fund “Energy and
Earthcare Checklist”: See the link for more information:
Caring for Creation-Mission Investment Fund Green Resources
• Section 2 •
Recycling Centers:
Winneshiek County Recycling
2510 172nd Avenue
Decorah, IA 52101
Phone/Fax: 563-382-6514
More Information for
Decorah, Iowa:
North Iowa Redemption
514 N Monroe Ave,
Mason City, IA 50401
Phone: 641-210-5315
Monday to Friday - 10am- 5pm
Saturday - 9am- 3pm
This section addresses waste in congregations. We must be responsible and mindful
stewards of the waste we produce by recycling as much as we can and disposing of
non-recyclable items properly. One of the easiest and most important ways to do
this is develop an effective recycling system in your church facility. Establishing a
recycling system will allow your congregation to enjoy coffee fellowship, potlucks,
picnics without wastefulness. It will model sustainable practices for people in your
congregation. Finally, this section addresses one of toughest challenges for
churches going green: styrofoam cups.
Strategize your locations
Bins must be visible, accessible, and convenient for all ages. For best
use, put recycling bins directly next to garbage cans to provide clear
Church Recycling System in 5 Steps
Step 1: Educate and organize congregational members
The most perfect recycling system will be ineffective if no one is
motivated to use it. Be sure to educate and motivate congregation
members on why recycling is important. Put up statistics on eyecatching posters throughout the building, write an article in the church
newsletter, preach on environmental stewardship, or host an adult
education forum to get your congregation talking about caring for God’s
Strategic locations:
Paper: !
Aluminum: !
Cardboard: !
Ink cartridges:!
Then, invite congregation members to join a Recycling Team.2 It’s
likely that many
members are already
recycling at home and
would be interested.
Be sure to emphasize
the team-oriented
method so that one
volunteer is not
burdened with all
Coordinate a
schedule for rotating
the task of hauling
recyclables to the
local center or
integrate the
responsibility into the
custodian’s job description.
Office/Sunday school classrooms/Narthex
Step 3: Set up and prepare your system
Don’t want to spend money on
special recycling bins?
Ask congregation members to
search their basements/garages
and donate old trash receptacles
or containers
Involve Sunday school classes or
youth groups in decorating and
labeling bins. This will increase
community investment and
visibility for your recycling
system. Try including a slogan or
your church logo.
Signage is essential! Keep signs
visible and simple.
Step 4: Involve the community
Step 2: Know your context
Church Waste Audit:
Another way to prioritize recycling is to conduct a waste audit for your
church. A faith-based environmental organization, Greenfaith, offers a
step-by-step how-to guide here:
You can also find a Sunday School lesson about Waste on page 37.
Contact or go online to determine what items your local recycling
centers collect. See page 10 for contact information.
Reuse before Recycle
Encourage people in your congregation to drop off items you no longer
need at your local thrift store. The Depot Outlet in Decorah, Iowa is
owned by area churches and functions as a ministry. It also has a strong
partnership with the Winneshiek County Recycling Center to make sure
all goods find a new purpose.
Tips for Tackling Styrofoam:
Coffee hour serves as a wonderful ministry for fellowship in many
congregations. However, the byproduct of this practice is often a large
amount of styrofoam cups being thrown in the trash. Styrofoam cups are
especially problematic because they are made of a material that does not
decompose. Furthermore it is difficult to find people to wash china
dishes and heating water to wash dishes also has negative environmental
consequences. There is no perfect solution. However, depending on the
congregation’s needs and context, there are ways to minimize the
environmental consequences of coffee hour while still maintaining the
Challenge: Recycling as Outreach
Serve church neighbors by using your church facility as a central
gathering place for people in your community to drop-off household
items to be recycled. Your church will provide a service that can draw in
visitors as well as increase your church’s visibility in your community.
You will be facilitating good stewardship of the earth by preventing these
harmful, toxic products from ending up in the landfill.3
Make dishwashing a fellowship opportunity. Form kitchen teams that
rotate on a regular basis and are responsible for bringing
refreshments and cleaning up afterwards. This will further enhance
the community conversation. Good Shepherd Lutheran in Decorah,
Iowa currently has an effective kitchen team system.
When replacing old appliances, invest in Energy Star dishwashing
machines for greater water and energy efficiency.
Fulfill your church’s commitment to social justice by purchasing fair
trade coffee. If you cannot afford this on a regular basis, consider
using it for a special event to educate congregation members about
why they should use fair trade products at home.
Encourage congregation members to bring personal mugs to coffee
hour while providing china for those who forget. This will decrease the
amount of dishes that need to be
washed on a given Sunday.
Don’t have dishes in your church
kitchen? Ask congregation members to
donate old mugs or cups they no longer
use from their basements or attics!
Consider ordering biodegradable
disposable coffee cups online at http:// To maximize
eco-friendliness, compost them instead
of throwing them away.
Suggested items:
-Ink cartridges
-Cell phones
-Fluorescent light
Step 5: Sustain
your Recycling
Make sure your
recycling team meets
regularly to maintain
the system and
continues to educate
the community
about how to use the
Terry Buenzow at the Recycling Center
You may contact Terry Buenzow at for
free consultation about recycling at your church. He often visits
congregations to do Sunday School or adult education presentations.
The Winneshiek Recycling Center is also in the process of becoming a
model for LED lighting efficiency and Terry may be able to help your
congregations with other stewardship projects.
• Section 3 •
Why Restore?
Less than 1/10th of
1% of original
prairies remain in
Iowa. 4 Iowa also
provides rich
opportunities for
gardening because of
its fertile soil.
The call of the Gospel
to love God and our
neighbors provides a
unique opportunity
for congregations.
Our neighbors are
not just the people in
our community but
also include animals,
plants, and trees
that inhabit the
surrounding land.
This is why it is
within the mission of
the church to
carefully tend the
land in gardens, and
restore it to native
vegetation .
Our call as Christians to be good stewards of our resources applies not only to making
the church building as efficient as possible, but also to tending the grounds and
fostering a deep connection between congregation members and the earth.
Congregations that own land beyond church grounds have a unique opportunity to
remind people of the importance of caring for God’s creation with good land
stewardship. This section features property and land stewardship practices as well as
a step-by-step guide for how to facilitate a land restoration project and community
gardeners, nursery plant experts, local horticulturists, landscape
designers and biology experts.
Tips for Good Property Stewardship 5:
• If it is necessary to water the plants and lawn, do so in the early
morning or late evening to prevent wasteful water evaporation
• If the church uses sprinklers to water the lawn and plants, check
for leaks in the equipment and repair them to prevent water waste
• Consider installing rain barrels to capture and store rain water
that runs off of the roof and use it to water the church lawn or
• Limit the use of pesticides and fertilizers on church property to
protect the congregation from harmful chemicals. If they must be
used, follow the package directions carefully and apply
conservatively only what is needed. Avoid application during
times when children will be outside (i.e. before VBS)
• In the winter, shovel as soon as possible after the snow to prevent
ice buildup. Of course, it is necessary to use sidewalk de-icers to
protect the safety of your congregation, but use it as wisely and
conservatively as possible
Step 3: Possibly consult a landscape designer
If your church has never created a formal plan for its outside space, it
may be helpful to consult a landscape designer or someone within the
congregation who is familiar with landscaping to design an inviting,
aesthetically pleasing and hospitable space for ministry. Planting native
plants will not be a wise use of church resources if they are not planted
in the appropriate soil or amount of sunlight.
Step 4: Create a Budget
Consult with your congregation to see if people who already have native
landscaping in their homes would be willing to divide and share their
plants. Estimate the cost of planting native plants and present your
findings to the finance committee for approval. Seek out donations from
congregation members to cover the costs of the plantings.
Step 5: Prepare the site
Clear non-native vegetation if necessary. Add compost or sand if the soil
needs to be amended.
Possible Property Projects:
The type of projects depends on the physical features of the church
property and the climate but may include:
• landscaping with native plants
• reducing the amount of water and fertilizer used on lawns
• planting trees
• planting a rain garden
• making a more environmentally friendly parking lot
• prairie restoration
Step 6: Plant!
Host a planting party to incorporate people from the congregation in
Aspects of an Environmentally Friendly
Parking Lot: 6
How to Landscape with Native Plants:
Step 1: Put out a call within the congregation for volunteers
In order for a landscaping project to be successful, there must be
interest and support within the congregation. See if anyone in your
congregation has experience with landscaping and/or native plants. A
core group of individuals will be needed to move the project forward.
Make sure that the property committee is on board with these changes.
This could also be a youth leadership or service learning project.
1. Permeable surfaces for water drainage
When rainwater hits traditional pavement, it runs off the surface of the
parking lot into the sewer drainage system and ultimately ends up in the
watershed faster than it would if it were allowed to soak into the ground.
Surfaces like dirt and gravel which exist at many rural churches already
serve this purpose. Otherwise, consider paving the parking lot with semi
permeable material the next time it needs to be repaved.
Step 2: Research Plants Native to the Area
Take a trip to the library and do research on the internet to figure out
which plants are native to your area. It may be helpful to talk to master
2. Trees for shade
When people’s cars sit in the shade during summer worship services,
they will have to use less energy on air conditioning when they leave.
Step 3: Select a location
A land restoration project unfortunately will probably not be possible at
most churches. Few churches have adequate space for such an
undertaking but rural churches are more likely to have space on their
property for native habitat restoration. If possible, the congregation
should pick a site that has some native plants remaining so that less
money is need for seed.
3. Strips of Grass or Plants
Parking lots that have strips of vegetation allow rain water to run off
into the watershed and be absorbed
4. Bike Rack
People will not even consider biking to church if the infrastructure for
locking up their bikes is not in place. However, a bike rack alone will not
encourage people to bike to church. Consider holding a “bike to church
Sunday” to encourage alternative transportation (carpooling, walking,
and biking) to church. See page 54.
Step 4: Evaluate the site
Research the history of the area to figure out what kind of ecosystem
existed on the site naturally before human settlement. Also, assess what
condition the land is in currently and what plants and animals currently
inhabit the area.
5. Signs encouraging people not to idle their cars
When people idle their cars they waste energy and pollute the air.
Step 5: Consult local experts
Talk to congregation members who have restored land for the
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) or have experience with land
restoration. You may also want to read books from the library, research
online, look at soil maps, and talk to horticultural experts, extension
agents, biology and ecology professors, and seed companies.
6. Parking lot lights aimed to the ground and on timer
Street lights that illuminate the entire vertical space of parking lots
waste electricity and contribute to light pollution. Consider installing
light fixtures that point the light down on to the parking lot itself, and
put lights on a timer so that they are not using electricity unnecessarily
during sunlight.
Step 6: Write a proposal
Based on the committee’s research and assessment of the land, write a
proposal for how to prepare the site, plant native vegetation, and project
maintenance. If restoring a prairie or oak savanna, include prescribed
fire in the long term management plan.
How to Begin a Land Restoration Project:
Step 1: Get congregational support
Make sure that your congregation is supportive of a restoration project
and would be willing to volunteer to help plant and maintain the land
and fund the project. It is advisable to organize a committee to take
charge of this process and to get the approval of the church council and
finance and property committees.
Step 7: Create a budget
Using the information the committee gathered from research and
talking to local experts, calculate a budget for the project. Determine
how funds will be raised. Present the proposal and budget to the church
council and finance and property committees.
Step 2: Identify how project would fit the church’s ministry.
Land restoration projects may offer a gathering space for church
functions, a space for quiet reflection and contemplation, fellowship
opportunities in the process of planting and maintaining, and
educational opportunities for children of the congregation and
community to learn about plants, animals and the wonder of God’s
Step 8: Prepare the site and plant!
Recruit volunteers to help remove the non-native vegetation and to
plant the native restoration plants. This would be a great opportunity
for the congregation to engage in fellowship as they work together.
*See page 16 for a Local Spotlight on Oak Savanna Restoration!
Local Spotlight:
Oak Savanna Project
Washington Prairie Lutheran Church
Decorah, Iowa
When Greening Churches Internship supervisors Ruth
Kath and Dale Nimrod initially contacted the
Washington Prairie congregation about their needs for
environmental stewardship projects in the church, Pastor
Mark Kvale mentioned the possibility of restoring land
next to the parsonage to native oak savanna. The congregation historically has had a strong land
conservation ethic as part of its ministry. Pastor Oscar
Engebretson preached about the importance of soil
conservation during the Great Depression years, and
there are memorial terraces on the farmland of the
church in this spirit of stewardship. A memorial fund for
a restoration project at Washington Prairie had been set
up by Paul and Sue Bruvold in memory of Paul’s late
brother, Harlan, who valued environmental stewardship.
When the interns and supervisors met with Washington Prairie, they discovered the site had originally been an oak savanna, an ecosystem that exists on
the border of prairie and woodlands. Oak savannas consist of large, uncrowded bur oak trees surrounded by wildflowers and grasses, with the shade of the
oak trees creating distinctive habitats for shade tolerant species. Oak savannas are a nearly extinct ecosystem, since other species have outcompeted the
oaks and wildflowers because of a lack of regular fire.
The oak savanna project could not have moved forward without the assistance and support of the community. In addition to Paul and Sue Bruvold’s
horticultural knowledge and memorial donation, congregation member Wayne Wangsness offered his experience in restoration and organic farming.
Greening Churches Interns Callie Mabry and Kristi Holmberg contacted Luther College Biology professors Kirk Larsen and Molly McNicoll who visited the
site and offered their expertise on oak savanna habitats, site preparation and restoration management. Pheasants Forever offered to lend their restoration
seeding equipment and donate money for the cost of the seed.
The congregation is now moving forward with the project as they burn brush piles, clear invasive species and educate the congregation about the
importance of this project for environmental stewardship and ministry. 16
• Section 4 •
Genesis 1:29-30
Cultivating Hope:
Church Community Gardens
God said, “I give you
every seed-bearing
plant on the face of
the whole earth and
every tree that has
fruit with seed in it.
They will be yours for
food. And to all the
beasts of the earth
and all the birds in the
sky and all the
creatures that move
along the ground—
everything that has the
breath of life in it—I
give every green plant
for food. ”
Gardening has Biblical roots going back to the Book of Genesis and it is a wonderful way to praise
God for giving us a continual source of nourishment for our bodies. Gardens are the setting for
many events in the Bible, and Jesus used gardens to illuminate the Gospel in some of his parables.
Gardens are also a good way to spend time in Creation. Today, many children are not familiar with
how food is grown and gardens offer a space for education for the youth of the church. The
congregation can work together to tend the garden in community. They can also be a
contemplative place for prayer or reflection. Finally, church gardens can serve the community by
growing food for our hungry brothers and sisters.
We are very blessed in Iowa to have such fertile soil, and we can use it to celebrate God’s creation
and to support ministry! 17
How to start a Church Garden:
Step 1: Organize a Garden Growing Team In order to make the church garden project an endeavor enjoyed by
many people, it is a good idea to organize a group of people who can
share the responsibilities of maintaining the garden. Ask people you
know who are avid gardeners, and put an announcement in the bulletin.
It would be best to start this process in February or March, so that the
framework can be set up before planting. If your church property does not have a good location, another option
would be to rent out a plot at a community garden or partner with other
congregations who have space.
Decorah churches have the opportunity to volunteer at the Greening
Churches Interns’ Inter-Church Garden located at the Luther College
Community Gardens. Step 2: Create a vision and goals The garden team will need to decide what kinds of produce will be
cultivated and what will be done with it when it is harvested. Do you
want to donate the food to a food bank ministry? Or are there needy
people in your congregation who could directly benefit?
Step 4: Preparing the Site Consult the master gardeners in your congregation and the members of
the Garden team to determine what needs to be done to the site. Some
possibilities include:
• Amending the soil with compost, sand or peat
• Encircling the space with a small fence to keep pests out
• Removing sod or other plants/weeds
• Tilling the soil
• Installing a trellis for climbing plants
• Putting up a sign
To make the site a spiritually engaging place for reflection, consider
putting signs with scripture or words for reflection around the site. To
incorporate the children of the congregation, please see the Garden
Rock Painting Lesson in the Sunday School Curriculum on page Option 1: Donate fruits and vegetables to local food pantries
Option 2: Give food to people in congregation who need it
Option 3: Sell produce to congregation to raise money for
ministry/Pastor’s discretionary fund
Option 4: Use produce for a congregational event
Option 5: Volunteers earn a portion of the produce with volunteer
Will there be any problems with pests (deer, woodchucks, etc?)
Will a fence be needed?
Step 3: Select a site When a church garden is located on church property it will be more
visible to the congregation and more volunteers are likely to sign up
when they see the area. If your church has a location on the grounds
that would be suitable for a garden, ask the property committee for
permission to cultivate a garden there. You will also need tools on hand at the gardening site. Put out a call in
the congregation for people to donate old rakes, hoes, shovels, string,
garden stakes, gardening gloves, etc. or visit your local thrift store.
Things to consider when selecting a site:
• How many hours of sun will the plot receive per day?
• How is the soil quality of the site? Will it need to be amended?
• What plants are currently on and around the site? Will they cause
problems for weeding later?
• Where is the nearest outdoor faucet and how will the garden be
Step 5: Planting Deciding what to plant will depend on the purpose your garden team
has set forth. If you are growing crops for a food pantry, ask the director
which fruits and vegetables are in the greatest demand by food pantry
clients. It might be wise to grow root crops like potatoes, onions, beets
and carrots that will store for longer periods of time. remind people why we garden and tend to God’s creation.
The type of plants will also depend on the climatic conditions of the site
you have selected. Consider contacting local nurseries and congregation
members for donations of seeds or starter plants. Prayer: Dear God, thank you for the soil on which all things grow. Bless
this time of tending and keeping and bear fruit from our labor. In Jesus’
name, Amen.
Consult with the experienced gardeners of your congregation, the
internet and/or the instructions on the back of the seed packets to
determine which plant hardiness zone the land is in and when the best
time to plant the crops is.
Step 7: Harvesting
Depending on what kinds of food the garden is growing, harvest may
take place periodically throughout the summer or all at once in the late
summer/fall. If you are donating food to a food pantry, check with the
pantry’s guidelines about how and when they would like the food
You will also need to know the depth the seeds need to be planted, how
far apart from each other the plants should be and whether to plant in
straight rows or hills. You can make the harvest process into a congregation-wide celebration
of God’s creation! See the Family Sunday School Lesson on pages 49-50.
Arrange to have several volunteers for planting, especially if the planting
is spread out over multiple sessions.
Step 6: Tending The church garden will need volunteers throughout the summer to
weed, thin, hoe, and water the plants. Personal invitations are more
effective than general announcements when coordinating volunteers. It
would be ideal to have sign up sheets in the church office for people who
want to volunteer and one person from the gardening committee in
charge of coordinating volunteers. There will be some weeks where
more volunteers needed than other weeks, depending on the how far
along the plants are and the amount of rain the plot has received. If you have designated times for gardening each week, it would be a
great way for people in the congregation to engage in fellowship as they
tend the garden. It would be a neat opportunity for children of the
congregation to learn more about God’s creation and where their food
comes from by having Sunday School classes or youth groups volunteer
in the garden. Praying with the garden volunteers is a great way to
Local Spotlight:
Inter-Church Community Garden
Kathy Buzza working in the Inter-Church Community Garden
This summer for the Greening Churches Internship, Kristi Holmberg and Callie Mabry have helped organize
volunteers for an Inter-Church Community Garden for churches in the Decorah.
Professor Ruth Kath came up with the idea of an Inter-Church garden after her experience with Greening the
Church workshops, ecumenical environmental stewardship, and the Luther College Sustainability community
gardens . Kath said, “My own gardening, seeing the needs of the Food Pantry at First Lutheran, and knowing
first hand the power of churches working together in this part of the country inspired my wild "why not?” idea
of the Interchurch Garden.” Also, intern Callie Mabry expressed interest in the project with her experience
volunteering at the First Lutheran Food Pantry.
In determining what to plant, Kath and fellow volunteer, Connie
Barclay, inquired what types of produce was needed at local food
pantries. They selected beets, beans and potatoes because they were in
demand at the food pantries and have good shelf lives. Kath, Barclay and volunteer Jon Hart planted the garden in May. Kath
and Barclay thinned, weeded and watered the plants until volunteers
from local congregations began signing up to help tend the garden. One of the key goals of the project is for people from different churches
to meet each other and build relationships. “We hope they [people
from different
congregations] will
slowly get to know each
other and take pride-together--in the food
contribution they are
making to hungry
brothers and sisters in
the Decorah area” said
Kath. She recommends
that “whenever
possible, two or three
churches work together
on such a public service project, either two congregations of one
denomination, or two denominations. That way, the project itself gets
done, the contribution gets made, and a bond is established between
congregations over the hoeing and weeding!”
Good Shepherd Lutheran Church, Decorah, IA:
There is a vegetable garden behind the Good Shepherd building on
church property. It is tended by Ed Hover and the food that is
harvested from the garden is sold to the Good Shepherd community.
Funds raised are donated to the Pastor’s Discretionary Fund which
gives money to families in need. For more information, contact Lyle
Otte at Good Shepherd Lutheran Church.
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