Disaster Recovery using Hitachi Universal Replicator on Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA Platform using Hitachi Compute Blade 2500, Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000, and Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 Reference Architecture Guide

Disaster Recovery using Hitachi Universal Replicator on Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA Platform using Hitachi Compute Blade 2500, Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000, and Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 Reference Architecture Guide
Disaster Recovery using Hitachi Universal Replicator
on Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP
HANA Platform using Hitachi Compute Blade 2500,
Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000, and Hitachi
NAS Platform 4060
Reference Architecture Guide
By Abhishek Dhanuka
November 2015
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Contents
Solution Overview................................................................................................................ 3
Hardware Elements......................................................................................................................... 7
Software Elements ........................................................................................................................ 11
Solution Design................................................................................................................... 12
Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 Chassis Configuration ...................................................................
520X B2 Server Blade Architecture ..............................................................................................
Fibre Channel SAN Architecture ...................................................................................................
Storage Architecture .....................................................................................................................
Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 Architecture.......................................................................................
Network File System Design for Shared Binaries .........................................................................
Management Server......................................................................................................................
Network Architecture ....................................................................................................................
SAP Storage Connector API Fibre Channel Client .......................................................................
Journal Sizing................................................................................................................................
Inter-site Configuration .................................................................................................................
Disaster Recovery and Replication Components .........................................................................
12
14
14
15
23
25
26
27
33
33
35
36
Engineering Validation ...................................................................................................... 43
Test Methodology ......................................................................................................................... 43
Test Results .................................................................................................................................. 43
1
Disaster Recovery using Hitachi Universal Replicator on Hitachi
Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA Platform using
Hitachi Compute Blade 2500, Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform
G1000, and Hitachi NAS Platform 4060
Reference Architecture Guide
This reference architecture guide depicts the necessary components and overall layout of a disaster recovery solution
using Hitachi Universal Replicator on Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA platform (UCP) in a scale-out
configuration. This guide documents how to deploy this configuration using the following:

Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 (CB 2500) chassis with 520X B2 server blades

Quanta Cloud Technology QuantaPlex T41S-2U server with one node

Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 (VSP G1000)

Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 (HNAS 4060)

System management unit

Hitachi Universal Replicator (HUR)

SAP HANA

Two operating systems:

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP Applications

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (Alternate)
The testing of this solution in the lab was only on a 2+1 configuration. However, this reference architecture supports the
scale-out configurations as listed in Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA Platform using 3 TB SAP HANA
Nodes in a Scale-out 48 TB Configuration of 16 Active Nodes and 3 Standby Nodes with Hitachi Compute Blade 2500
Chassis, 520X B2 Server Blades, and Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 Reference Architecture Guide (AS-399-02).
For information concerning your implementation, please contact your GSS representative for more details.
This document supports understanding the example architecture of disaster recovery using Hitachi Universal Replicator
on Unified Compute Platform for SAP HANA in a scale-out configuration.
The scale out environment for Unified Compute Platform for SAP HANA is a preconfigured analytical appliance that
provides real-time access to operational data for use in analytic models. Changes to this architecture require approval
from the following at Hitachi Data Systems:

Sales

Solution Engineering and Technical Operations

Solution product management
1
2
Failure
of SAP HANA results in revenue loss. For protection from this loss, use two sites in the disaster recovery strategy.
In addition to failover production, the second site can handle the quality assurance environment of the SAP HANA
landscape.
The primary business problem this solution answers is disaster recovery for SAP HANA. This solution performs
asynchronous replication of SAP HANA data volumes and log volumes on Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 to the
secondary site. It also performs asynchronous replication of the SAP HANA binaries and other configuration files stored in
the /hana/shared file system on Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 to the secondary site.
Data centers at each site must have almost identical hardware for this disaster recovery solution. Implementing Hitachi
Universal Replicator on this environment permits the additional use of the secondary site as a quality assurance
environment. This additional use requires adding additional disk drives on the secondary site storage to run the quality
assurance system.
Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 technology permits maintaining sufficient performance for the SAP HANA
production instance and site-to-site replication.
This technical paper assumes you have familiarity with the following:

Storage area network-based storage systems

Network attached storage (NAS) systems

General storage concepts

General storage replication skills and concepts

General network and virtual IP knowledge

General WAN knowledge

Advanced SAP HANA skills

Disaster Recovery scenarios

Common IT storage practices
Note — Testing of this configuration was in a lab environment. Many things affect production environments beyond
prediction or duplication in a lab environment. Follow the recommended practice of conducting proof-of-concept
testing for acceptable results in a non-production, isolated test environment that otherwise matches your production
environment before your production implementation of this solution.
2
3
Solution Overview
The primary site A contains a production SAP HANA database instance. Implement this site as a scale-out configuration
of Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA platform.
The secondary site is an exact replica of primary site, with the exception of optional additional storage disks. Site B
houses the following:

Failover production instance

(Optional) Non-production instances, such as the following that requires additional disks:

Quality assurance

Development

Test, In-memory database of SAP HANA.
The design of the SAP HANA in-memory database enables this solution to use the same set of Hitachi Compute Blade
2500 nodes for production and non-production instances.
In the test environment for this solution, the Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 at the secondary site housed two sets
of disks for data, log, and /hana/shared LUNs for the following:

The replicated production instance

(Optional) The quality assurance system
In this solution, install command control interface on the management servers on the primary site and secondary site,
which performs the data replication operations within Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 at each site using Hitachi
Open Remote Copy Manager instances. Each instance at the primary site and secondary site management server has its
own Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager configuration file that lists the following for replication between two sites:

SAP HANA data volumes

SAP HANA log volumes

Hitachi NAS Platform LUNs
Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 works with Hitachi Universal Replicator software to enable SAP HANA disaster
recovery. This solution uses a Fibre Channel over IP (FCIP) switch for the wide area network connections between each
Virtual Storage Platform G1000 at the primary site and the secondary site. Take the options for long distance data
replication in the landscape using the pre-existing enterprise network infrastructure and service provider into
consideration for the SAP HANA disaster recovery setup.
With Hitachi Universal Replicator, updates on the SAP HANA nodes to the primary production volume on the primary site
Virtual Storage Platform G1000 are copied to a local journal volume at primary site storage. The secondary site Virtual
Storage Platform G1000 “pulls” data from the primary site journal volume across the inter-site wide area network
connection to the secondary volume. The local system is free to perform its role as a transaction processing resource
rather than as a replication engine.
For the asynchronous replication of Hitachi NAS Platform LUNs hosting the /hana/shared file system on Virtual Storage
Platform G1000, perform a one-time initial configuration after completing the initial pair copy operations to configure the
RAID mirror relationships between the NAS Platform LUNs at both sites. Make the NAS Platform clusters at both the sites
aware of the Universal Replicator LUN relationship between them during this initial configuration by using the RAID
mirroring command (sd-mirror-remotely).
3
4 case of an outage or any component failure in the primary site, an administrator initiates a manual failover to the
In
secondary site using customized scripts. There are two different possibilities for enabling client connection recovery,
using either virtual IP failover or DNS failover configuration. The actual implementation differs, based on the network and
cluster management capabilities.
This solution supports the following four different disaster recovery options.
1. Add a Disaster Recovery Site
This option is for a primary site for production and a secondary site for disaster recovery.
2. Add a Quality Assurance or Development Instance
This option is for a primary site for production and a secondary site for disaster recovery site and a single quality
assurance or development SAP HANA instance.
3. Disaster Recovery Connectivity Bundle
This option is for a Fibre Channel over IP (FCIP) switch between two sites.
4. Only Disaster Recovery Site
This option is for adding a secondary site for a disaster recovery solution to an existing SAP HANA landscape. (The
primary site for production already exists.)
To perform the replication of Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA platform, the reference solution uses
the following:

Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 with 520X B2 Server Blades

Quanta Cloud Technology QuantaPlex T41S-2U Server
An ultra-dense design equipped with four independent nodes, it creates the flexibility to set up different workloads
independently in one 2U shared infrastructure, providing optimal data center performance. This solution uses only one
node out of the four nodes.

Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000
This is a storage platform that scales for all data types that flexibly adapts for performance, capacity, and multivendor storage.

Hitachi NAS Platform 4060
This is a network-attached storage solution used for file sharing, file server consolidation, data protection, and
business-critical NAS workloads.

System management unit software
Providing front-end server administration and monitoring tools for Hitachi NAS Platform, this supports clustering and
acting as a quorum device in a cluster.

Hitachi Universal Replicator
With asynchronous replication over any distance, this provides for business continuity, optimization of resource
usage, and improves efficiency as well as resilience.
4
5

SAP HANA Platform
This is a multi-purpose, in-memory database appliance to analyze transactional and analytical data.

Brocade VDX 6740-48 Switch
This 48-port switch provides 10 GbE connectivity to the appliance.

Brocade ICX 6430-48 Switch
This 48-port 1 GbE switch provides management network to the appliance.

Brocade ICX 6430-24 Switch
A 24-port 1 GbE switch that provides a NAS platform private network

Brocade 7800 Extension Switch
Providing up to sixteen 8 Gb/sec Fibre Channel ports and six 1 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) ports for scalable bandwidth,
port density, and throughput, this switch extends and optimizes storage area network (SAN) fabric connectivity over a
distance to support business continuity and disaster recovery applications.
The Brocade 7840 switch can also be used instead of the Brocade 7800 switch. The 7840 switch has 24 ports of
auto-sensing 2 Gb/sec, 4 Gb/sec, 8 Gb/sec, and 16 Gb/sec interfaces in a single 2U enclosure.
Figure 1 on page 6 shows the configuration of this solution.
5
6
Figure 1
6
7
Hardware
Elements
Table 1 describes the hardware used to deploy a three active nodes and one standby node configuration at each site. All
the configurations of Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA Platform support Hitachi Universal Replicator.
Table 1. Hardware Elements
Hardware
Quantity
Configuration
Role
Hitachi Compute Blade
2500 chassis
4

8 server blade chassis
Server blade chassis.

2 management modules


10 cooling fan modules

5 power supply modules


520X B2 server blade
24
SMP connection board for
520X server blade
6

768 GB RAM


4
4 × 2-port 10GBASE-SR PCIEx card for each SAP HANA
node
2 × 18-core processors

Hitachi NAS Platform 4060
2 × FIVE-FX 16 Gb/sec 2-port
Fibre Channel PCI-Ex card for
each SAP HANA node


One chassis is required
for two SAP HANA
nodes.
Server blade for the SAP
HANA nodes.

2 pass through mezzanine card
on Mezzanine Slot 2 and Slot 4
of each server blade, except for
Server Blade 15
Four server blades are
required for each SAP
HANA node.
4 server blade SMP connection SMP connector turns four
physical blades into one
board
SAP HANA node with 8 ×
18-core processors and 3
SMP expansion module
TB of memory.
SMP connector cover
 One SMP connector is
required per SAP HANA
node.
For each NAS Platform server

2 cluster ports

2 × 10 Gb ports

2 Fibre Channel ports

2 Ethernet ports
Provide NFS shared file
system for the following:



SAP HANA binaries
Cluster-wide
configuration files
Storing one in-memory
backup
7
8
Table 1. Hardware Elements (Continued)
Hardware
Quantity
Configuration
Role
System management unit
software
2

2 Intel Core 2 Duo E7500
processor, 2.93 GHz CPU,
4 GB RAM
NAS Platform cluster
management
Hitachi Virtual Storage
Platform G1000
2

MPB - 2 pairs

DKA (BED) - 2 pairs
Block storage for SAP
HANA nodes and NAS
Platform

CHA (FED) - 3 pairs
Quanta Cloud Technology 2
QuantaPlex T41S-2U server
For T41S-2U server:





Brocade VDX 6740-48 port 8
switch


Brocade ICX 6430-48 port
switch
Brocade ICX 6430-24 port
switch
Brocade 7800 switch
2

2


4



Management server runs
the following:
Intel Xeon E5-2620 v3
processor, 2.4 GHz CPU,
32 GB RAM

NTP

Hitachi Command Suite
2 × 500 GB 7200 RPM SATA
drives

1 dual port 10GbE Intel
82599ES SFP+OCP mezzanine
card

1 dual port 1 GbE Base-T Intel
i350 mezzanine card

Hitachi Hi-Track Remote
Monitoring system
SAP HANA Studio
Command control
interface
Emulex Dual Port 8 Gb/sec
Fibre Channel HBA
Two distinct VLANs, each
dedicated to NFS and SAP
HANA inter-cluster network
10 GbE NFS and intercluster network
10 GbE client network
Two switches with one VLAN to
provide uplink network to local
area network infrastructure
1 GbE
1 GbE Management
Network
48 ports
1 GbE
NAS Platform private
network
24 ports
16 x 8Gb/sec Fibre Channel
FCoE switch for storage
connections
6 x 1 GbE FCoE Switch
8
9
Hitachi
Compute Blade 2500
Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 delivers enterprise computing power and performance with unprecedented scalability and
configuration flexibility. Lower your costs and protect your investment.
Flexible I/O architecture and logical partitioning allow configurations to match application needs exactly with Hitachi
Compute Blade 2500. Multiple applications easily and securely co-exist in the same chassis.
Add server management and system monitoring at no cost with Hitachi Compute Systems Manager. Seamlessly integrate
with Hitachi Command Suite in Hitachi storage environments.
This configuration uses 24 520X B2 server blades in the Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 chassis. Table 2 has the
specifications for the 520X B2 server blades used in this solution.
Table 2. 520X B2 Server Blade Configuration
Feature
Configuration
Processors

Memory






Network ports


Other interfaces


Processor SKU
Processor frequency
Processor cores
Memory DIMM slots

Intel Xeon processor E7-8880
2 processors per server blade
Intel Xeon processor E7-8880 v3
2.3 GHz
18 cores
48 slots populated
768 GB RAM
16 GB DIMMs
1 USB 3.0 port
KVM connector (VGA, COM, USB 2.0 2-port)
Intel Xeon processor E7-8880
2 processors per server blade
9
10
Hitachi
NAS Platform 4060
Hitachi NAS Platform is an advanced and integrated network attached storage (NAS) solution. It provides a powerful tool
for file sharing, file server consolidation, data protection, and business-critical NAS workloads.



Powerful hardware-accelerated file system with multi-protocol file services, dynamic provisioning, intelligent tiering,
virtualization, and cloud infrastructure
Seamless integration with Hitachi SAN storage, Hitachi Command Suite, and Hitachi Data Discovery Suite for
advanced search and index
Integration with Hitachi Content Platform for active archiving, regulatory compliance, and large object storage for
cloud infrastructure
This solution uses NAS Platform 4060 servers for file system sharing of the global binary and configuration SAP HANA
files. There are four NAS Platform 4060 server nodes.
The system management unit provides front-end server administration and monitoring tools for NAS Platform. It supports
clustering and acts as a quorum device in a cluster.
Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000
Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 provides an always-available, agile, and automated foundation that you need for a
continuous infrastructure cloud. This delivers enterprise-ready software-defined storage, advanced global storage
virtualization, and powerful storage.
Supporting always-on operations, Virtual Storage Platform G1000 includes self-service, non-disruptive migration and
active-active storage clustering for zero recovery time objectives. Automate your operations with self-optimizing, policydriven management.
The following reside on this storage device:

Operating system LUNs

Data LUNs

Log LUNs

LUNs for the Hitachi NAS Platform cluster
This solution uses two Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 storage platforms.
To properly size the storage, refer to Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA Platform using 3 TB SAP HANA
Nodes in a Scale-out 48 TB Configuration of 16 Active Nodes and 3 Standby Nodes with Hitachi Compute Blade 2500
Chassis, 520X B2 Server Blades, and Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 Reference Architecture Guide (AS-399-02).
At any time, the secondary site only has one live SAP HANA instance. The secondary site is for production or quality
assurance. Normally the quality assurance instance is available for use at the secondary site in case of a service outage,
when it becomes the production instance.
Use the server priority manager at the secondary site to do the following:


Designate the prioritized ports (replication) and non-prioritized ports (quality assurance).
Set the upper limits and thresholds for the I/O activity of these ports to prevent low-priority activities from negatively
affecting the high priority activities, such as replication.
Additional information is available in the Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 Performance Guide.
10
11
Software
Elements
Table 3 describes the software products used to deploy this three active node and one standby node configuration.
Table 3. Software Elements
Software
Version
Hitachi Storage Navigator Modular 2
Microcode dependent
SMU software
12.4.3924.05
Hitachi NAS Platform firmware
12.4.3924.11
Hitachi Universal Replicator
Microcode dependent
Command control interface
01-34-03/04
Hitachi Dynamic Link Manager
8.0.1
Operating System

Used on Hitachi Compute
Blade 2500
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for
SAP Applications
SUSE Enterprise Linux 11 SP3
Alternate: Red Hat Linux Enterprise RHEL 6.6
SAP HANA
1.0 SPS09, Rev. 97 or later
SAP HANA Studio
1.0 SPS09, Rev. 97 or later
Microsoft® Windows Server® 2012 R2
Standard Edition

Used on QuantaPlex T41S-2U
Brocade VDX 6740 port switch
4.1.3b or later
Brocade ICX 6430-48 port switch
7.4.00 or later
Brocade 7800/7840 switch
7.4.00 or later
11
12
Solution Design
The detailed design for using Hitachi Universal Replicator with this Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA
platform solution is based on specifications from SAP and is a 3+1 node configuration that includes the following:

“Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 Chassis Configuration,”
starting on page 12


“Network Architecture,” starting on page 27
“SAP Storage Connector API Fibre Channel Client” on
page 33

“520X B2 Server Blade Architecture” on page 14

“Fibre Channel SAN Architecture,” starting on page 14

“Journal Sizing,” starting on page 33

“Storage Architecture,” starting on page 15

“Inter-site Configuration,” starting on page 35



“Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 Architecture,” starting on
page 23

“Disaster Recovery and Replication Components,”
starting on page 36
“Network File System Design for Shared Binaries,”
starting on page 25
“Management Server,” starting on page 26
Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 Chassis Configuration
This solution uses four Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 chassis. Each chassis has of a total of eight 520X B2 server blades.
Each SAP HANA node is four server blades connected using a four-blade SMP interface connector. This means that each
chassis has two SAP HANA nodes.
The PCIe slots on each of the chassis have the following components.


One 2-port 10GBASE-SR PCI-Ex card for each of the following IOBD slots:

01B

03A

09B

11A

02A

04B

10A

12B
One FIVE-EX 16 Gb/sec 2-port Fibre Channel PCI-Ex card for each of the following IOBD slots:

01A

09A

04A

12A
12
13
Figure
2 shows the front and back view of Chassis 1 for Hitachi Compute Blade 2500. Use the same configuration for the
remaining chassis.
Figure 2
Table 4 on page 14 shows the Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 chassis configuration of all the SAP HANA nodes.
13
14
Table 4. Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 Chassis Configuration of SAP HANA Nodes for Each Site
Chassis
Server Blades
SAP HANA Node
Name
Role of SAP HANA
Node
Chassis 1
1, 3, 5, and 7
SAP HANA Node 1
Master
Chassis 1
9, 11, 13, and 15
SAP HANA Node 2
Worker
Chassis 2
1, 3, 5, and 7
SAP HANA Node 3
Standby
520X B2 Server Blade Architecture
This solution uses 12 520X B2 server blades for each node in the 3 TB SAP HANA configuration with two active nodes
plus one standby node for each disaster recovery site.
Each SAP HANA node has four server blades connected using the four-blade SMP interface connector. This creates a
single eight-socket SMP node with 144 cores and 3 TB of memory.
Table 5 lists the 3-node server blade configuration per site.
Table 5. Server Blade Configuration at Each Site
Total 12 server blades
Server Blades

3 nodes with 4 SMP-connected server blades per node
Total Number of CPU Cores
432
Total Memory
9 TB
Fibre Channel SAN Architecture
Each of the 520X B2 server blades has a pass-through mezzanine card on Mezzanine Slot 2 and Mezzanine Slot 4. These
slots connect to the 16 Gb/sec Hitachi FIVE-FX Fibre Channel PCI-Ex card and to the 10GbE NIC card installed in the
PCI-Ex slots through the backplane within the server chassis.
For each SAP HANA node, there are two dedicated Fibre Channel ports on Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000. The
Fibre Channel SAN architecture of a SAP HANA node consists of two Fibre Channel cables. Each Fibre Channel cable
connects the 16 Gb/sec Hitachi FIVE-FX Fibre Channel PCI-Ex cards on the chassis with the designated Virtual Storage
Platform G1000 ports.
Table 6 shows the storage port mapping, which is identical for both sites.
Table 6. Storage Port Mapping
SAP HANA
Node
Chassis
PCI-Ex slot, Port
Virtual Storage
Platform G1000
Ports
Node1
Chassis 1
IOBD 01A, Port 0
1C
Node1
Chassis 1
IOBD 04A, Port 0
2C
Node2
Chassis 1
IOBD 09A, Port 0
3C
Node2
Chassis 1
IOBD 12A, Port 0
4C
Node3
Chassis 2
IOBD 01A, Port 0
5C
Node3
Chassis 2
IOBD 04A, Port 0
6C
HNAS
HNAS1
Hitachi NAS Platform Server 1, FC Port 1
1A
14
15
Table
6. Storage Port Mapping (Continued)
SAP HANA
Node
Chassis
PCI-Ex slot, Port
Virtual Storage
Platform G1000
Ports
HNAS
HNAS1
Hitachi NAS Platform Server 1, FC Port 3
2A
HNAS
HNAS2
Hitachi NAS Platform Server 2, FC Port 1
1B
HNAS
HNAS2
Hitachi NAS Platform Server 2, FC Port 3
2B
Set the port properties for the direct connection between Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 and Hitachi Virtual Storage
Platform G1000, as shown in Table 7.
Table 7. Port Properties
Property
Value
Port Attribute
Target
Port Security
Disabled
Port Speed
Auto
Fabric
ON
Connection Type
P-to-P
The Hitachi FIVE-FX 16 Gb/sec HBA can emulate FC-SW virtually. Set the BIOS for the Hitachi FIVE-FX HBA to enable for
Multiple Port ID. Use the Fabric storage port setting of ON to set FC-SW virtual mode.
Storage Architecture
The central storage system for the SAP HANA scale-out cluster is a Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 storage
platform. Several usage aspects divide the space provided by Virtual Storage Platform G1000, as follows:

Operating system LUN provisioning for SAP HANA nodes

Log device provisioning for SAP HANA database

Data device provisioning for SAP HANA database

Block storage provisioning for Hitachi NAS Platform shared file system to store the SAP HANA binaries and clusterwide configuration files.
We follow a design that utilizes a building block approach in multiples of four active nodes. So we use a four active node
building block design to provision storage for this setup
Figure 3 on page 17 shows the RAID group configuration for the Virtual Storage Platform G1000 architecture used in the
SAP HANA appliance with four active nodes and one standby node.
Each SAP HANA node has its own data volume and log volume. Only active SAP HANA nodes need data volumes and log
volumes. Standby nodes do not require these volumes.
15
16 design follows a four-node building block approach for the SAP HANA data volumes, log volumes, and shared
This
binaries. Provision the parity groups in Figure 3, as follows.

Operating System Boot LUN


From this parity group, create five LDEVs, each with a capacity of 100 GB.

Map each LDEV exclusively to the corresponding SAP HANA node as follows: LUN ID 00.




The installation of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP Applications or Red Hat Enterprise Linux resides on the
operating system LUN.
Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 Block Storage


A single parity group configured as RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB drives provisions the operating system LUN for
SAP HANA nodes 1 to 5 (up to a maximum of 19) on Virtual Storage Platform G1000.



Each node has its own 100 GB LUN on Virtual Storage Platform G1000 for the operating system volumes.
The block storage for Hitachi NAS Platform consists of three parity groups on Virtual Storage Platform G1000,
each configured as RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 24 × 900 GB drives to store the shared binaries and configuration files of
the SAP HANA database.
In each of the three parity groups, create two LDEVs of 2400 GB each.
Create a dynamic provisioning pool named HNAS_HDP_pool. Assign all the created Hitachi NAS Platform LDEVs
to this pool. This allows the use of all the disks concurrently on NAS Platform for better performance.
For a 4-node building block, create six virtual volumes, each with 2400 GB in HNAS_HDP_pool. Do the LUN path
assignment for these virtual volumes to the ports in Table 6 on page 14 connected to Hitachi NAS Platform.
SAP HANA Log Volumes

For the SAP HANA log volumes, create two parity groups configured as RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 16 × 900 GB drives.

In each of the parity groups, create two LDEVs of 600 GB each.

Map each SAP HANA log volume to all SAP HANA nodes at each port with the LUN ID 1 of the specified host.
SAP HANA Data Volumes



For the SAP HANA data volumes, create four parity groups, each configured as RAID-6 (14D+2P) on 64 × 900 GB
drives.
Create four LDEVs with a capacity of 2816 GB per each parity group. Table 8 on page 18 shows the parity groups
and LDEVs created for data volumes.
Assign four LDEVs (with LUN ID 2-5) for use as data volumes to each SAP HANA node, as shown in Table 8.
16
17
Figure 3
Table 8 on page 18 shows the parity groups and LDEV assignment of boot volumes, the Hitachi NAS Platform volumes,
the SAP HANA log volumes, and the SAP HANA data volumes for production system at both the sites.
17
18
Table 8. Groups and LDEV Assignment of Operating System Boot, Hitachi NAS Platform, SAP HANA Log Volumes,
and SAP HANA Data Volumes for Production System at Primary and Secondary
Parity
Group
ID
Parity Group RAID Level
and disks
1
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:01:00
10k RPM SAS drives
00:02:00
HANA_OS_LUN_N1
100 GB
HANA_OS_LUN_N2
100 GB
00:03:00
HANA_OS_LUN_N3
100 GB
00:04:00
HANA_OS_LUN_N4
100 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:00:01
10k RPM SAS drives
00:00:02
HNAS_VOL_1
2400 GB
HNAS_VOL_2
2400 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:00:03
10k RPM SAS drives
00:00:04
HNAS_VOL_3
2400 GB
HNAS_VOL_4
2400 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:00:05
10k RPM SAS drives
00:00:06
HNAS_VOL_5
2400 GB
HNAS_VOL_6
2400 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:01:01
10k RPM SAS drives
00:02:01
HANA_LOG_N1
600 GB
HANA_LOG_N2
600 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:03:01
10k RPM SAS drives
00:04:01
HANA_LOG_N3
600 GB
HANA_LOG_N4
600 GB
RAID-6 (14D+2P) on 900
GB 10k RPM SAS drives
00:01:02
HANA_DATA_N1_01
2816 GB
00:02:02
HANA_DATA_N2_01
2816 GB
00:03:02
HANA_DATA_N3_01
2816 GB
00:04:02
HANA_DATA_N4_01
2816 GB
00:01:03
HANA_DATA_N1_02
2816 GB
00:02:03
HANA_DATA_N2_02
2816 GB
00:03:03
HANA_DATA_N3_02
2816 GB
00:04:03
HANA_DATA_N4_02
2816 GB
00:01:04
HANA_DATA_N1_03
2816 GB
00:02:04
HANA_DATA_N2_03
2816 GB
00:03:04
HANA_DATA_N3_03
2816 GB
00:04:04
HANA_DATA_N4_03
2816 GB
00:01:05
HANA_DATA_N1_04
2816 GB
00:02:05
HANA_DATA_N2_04
2816 GB
00:03:05
HANA_DATA_N3_04
2816 GB
00:04:05
HANA_DATA_N4_04
2816 GB
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
RAID-6 (14D+2P) on 900
GB 10k RPM SAS drives
RAID-6 (14D+2P) on 900
GB 10k RPM SAS drives
RAID-6 (14D+2P) on 900
GB 10k RPM SAS drives
LDEV ID
Name
LDEV Size
Table 9 on page 19 shows the dynamic provisioning pool IDs and virtual volume LDEV IDs for Hitachi NAS Platform.
18
19
Table 9. Dynamic Provisioning Pool IDs and Virtual Volume LDEV IDs of Hitachi NAS Platform for Production
System at Both Sites
Dynamic
Provisionin
g Pool ID
Dynamic
Provisioning
Pool Name
Virtual Volume Names
Virtual
Volume
LDEV ID for
Hitachi
NAS
Platform
Shared
Binaries
Virtual
Volume
Size for
Hitachi
NAS
Platform
Shared
Binaries
MPB
Assignment
0
HNAS_HDP_Pool
HNAS_HANA_VVOL_1
00:0A:01
2400.00 GB
MPB0
HNAS_HANA_VVOL_2
00:0A:02
2400.00 GB
MPB4
HNAS_HANA_VVOL_3
00:0A:03
2400.00 GB
MPB0
HNAS_HANA_VVOL_4
00:0A:04
2400.00 GB
MPB4
HNAS_HANA_VVOL_5
00:0A:05
2400.00 GB
MPB0
HNAS_HANA_VVOL_6
00:0A:06
2400.00 GB
MPB4
While mapping the LUN path assignment for each node, add the LUNs in the following order:
1. Map the OS LUN for the specific SAP HANA node.
2. Map the log volume and data volume of each SAP HANA node.
Table 10 shows an example configuration of the LUN path assignment for node01 on primary site. The LUN assignment
would be the same for all nodes except for the first LUN, which would be the operating system LUN of that specific node.
Table 10. LUN Path Assignment at Primary Site
LUN ID
LDEV ID
LDEV Name
0000
00:01:00
hananode01
0001
00:01:01
LOG_1
0002
00:01:02
DATA_1_01
0003
00:01:03
DATA_1_02
0004
00:01:04
DATA_1_03
0005
00:01:05
DATA_1_04
0006
00:02:01
LOG_2
0007
00:02:02
DATA_2_01
0008
00:02:03
DATA_2_02
0009
00:02:04
DATA_2_03
0010
00:02:05
DATA_2_04
0011
00:03:01
LOG_3
0012
00:03:02
DATA_3_01
0013
00:03:03
DATA_3_02
0014
00:03:04
DATA_3_03
0015
00:03:05
DATA_3_04
0016
00:04:01
LOG_4
19
20
Table
10. LUN Path Assignment at Primary Site (Continued)
LUN ID
LDEV ID
LDEV Name
0017
00:04:02
DATA_4_01
0018
00:04:03
DATA_4_02
0019
00:04:04
DATA_4_03
0020
00:04:05
DATA_4_04
Figure 4 shows the LUN and port assignment for the maximum SAP HANA server nodes 19 on each Hitachi Virtual
Storage Platform G1000.
Figure 4
20
21
Table
11 shows the parity groups and LDEV assignment the Hitachi NAS Platform volumes, the SAP HANA log volumes,
and the SAP HANA data volumes for quality assurance system at the secondary site.
Table 11. Groups and LDEV Assignment of Operating System Boot, Hitachi NAS Platform, SAP HANA Log Volumes,
and SAP HANA Data Volumes for Quality Assurance System at the Secondary Site
Parity
Group
ID
Parity Group RAID Level
and disks
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
LDEV Name
LDEV Size
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:00:25
10k RPM SAS drives
00:00:26
HNAS_VOL_QA_1
2400 GB
HNAS_VOL_QA_2
2400 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:00:27
10k RPM SAS drives
00:00:28
HNAS_VOL_QA_3
2400 GB
HNAS_VOL_QA_4
2400 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:00:29
10k RPM SAS drives
00:00:30
HNAS_VOL_QA_5
2400 GB
HNAS_VOL_QA_6
2400 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:01:06
10k RPM SAS drives
00:02:06
HANA_LOG_QA_N1
600 GB
HANA_LOG_QA_N2
600 GB
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB 00:03:06
10k RPM SAS drives
00:04:06
HANA_LOG_QA_N3
600 GB
HANA_LOG_QA_N4
600 GB
RAID-6 (14D+2P)RAID-6
(14D+2P) on 900 GB 10k
RPM SAS drives
00:01:07
HANA_DATA_QA_N1_01
2816 GB
00:02:07
HANA_DATA_QA_N2_01
2816 GB
00:03:07
HANA_DATA_QA_N3_01
2816 GB
00:04:07
HANA_DATA_QA_N4_01
2816 GB
00:01:08
HANA_DATA_QA_N1_02
2816 GB
00:02:08
HANA_DATA_QA_N2_02
2816 GB
00:03:08
HANA_DATA_QA_N3_02
2816 GB
00:04:08
HANA_DATA_QA_N4_02
2816 GB
00:01:09
HANA_DATA_QA_N1_03
2816 GB
00:02:09
HANA_DATA_QA_N2_03
2816 GB
00:03:09
HANA_DATA_QA_N3_03
2816 GB
00:04:09
HANA_DATA_QA_N4_03
2816 GB
00:01:10
HANA_DATA_QA_N1_04
2816 GB
00:02:10
HANA_DATA_QA_N2_04
2816 GB
00:03:10
HANA_DATA_QA_N3_04
2816 GB
00:04:10
HANA_DATA_QA_N4_04
2816 GB
RAID-6 (14D+2P) on 900
GB 10k RPM SAS drives
RAID-6 (14D+2P) on 900
GB 10k RPM SAS drives
RAID-6 (14D+2P) on 900
GB 10k RPM SAS drives
LDEV ID
21
22
Table
12 shows the dynamic provisioning pool IDs and virtual volume LDEV IDs for Hitachi NAS Platform.
Table 12. Dynamic Provisioning Pool IDs and Virtual Volume LDEV IDs of Hitachi NAS Platform for Quality
Assurance System at the Secondary Site
Dynamic
Provisioning
Pool ID
Dynamic
Provisioning
Pool Name
1
Virtual Volume Names
Virtual
Volume
LDEV ID for
NAS Platform
Shared
Binaries
Virtual
Volume Size
for NAS
Platform
Shared
Binaries
MPB
Assignment
HNAS_QA_HDP_P HNAS_QA_VVOL_1
ool
HNAS_QA_VVOL_2
00:0A:25
2400.00 GB
MPB0
00:0A:26
2400.00 GB
MPB4
HNAS_QA_VVOL_3
00:0A:27
2400.00 GB
MPB0
HNAS_QA_VVOL_4
00:0A:28
2400.00 GB
MPB4
HNAS_QA_VVOL_5
00:0A:29
2400.00 GB
MPB0
HNAS_QA_VVOL_6
00:0A:30
2400.00 GB
MPB4
Table 13 shows an example configuration of the LUN path assignment for Node001 on the primary site. The LUN
assignment would be the same for all nodes except for the first LUN, which would be the operating system boot LUN of
that specific node.
Table 13. LUN Path Assignment at the Secondary Site
LUN ID
LDEV ID
LDEV Name
0000
00:01:00
hananode01
0001
00:01:01
LOG_1
0002
00:01:02
DATA_1_01
0003
00:01:03
DATA_1_02
0004
00:01:04
DATA_1_03
0005
00:01:05
DATA_1_04
0006
00:02:01
LOG_2
0007
00:02:02
DATA_2_01
0008
00:02:03
DATA_2_02
0009
00:02:04
DATA_2_03
0010
00:02:05
DATA_2_04
0011
00:03:01
LOG_3
0012
00:03:02
DATA_3_01
0013
00:03:03
DATA_3_02
0014
00:03:04
DATA_3_03
0015
00:03:05
DATA_3_04
0016
00:04:01
LOG_4
0017
00:04:02
DATA_4_01
0018
00:04:03
DATA_4_02
0019
00:04:04
DATA_4_03
22
23
Table
13. LUN Path Assignment at the Secondary Site (Continued)
LUN ID
LDEV ID
LDEV Name
0020
00:04:05
DATA_4_04
0021
00:01:01
LOG_QA_1
0022
00:01:02
DATA_QA_1_01
0023
00:01:03
DATA_QA_1_02
0024
00:01:04
DATA_QA_1_03
0025
00:01:05
DATA_QA_1_04
0026
00:02:01
LOG_QA_2
0027
00:02:02
DATA_QA_2_01
0028
00:02:03
DATA_QA_2_02
0029
00:02:04
DATA_QA_2_03
0030
00:02:05
DATA_QA_2_04
0031
00:03:01
LOG_QA_3
0032
00:03:02
DATA_QA_3_01
0033
00:03:03
DATA_QA_3_02
0034
00:03:04
DATA_QA_3_03
0035
00:03:05
DATA_QA_3_04
0036
00:04:01
LOG_QA_4
0037
00:04:02
DATA_QA_4_01
0038
00:04:03
DATA_QA_4_02
0039
00:04:04
DATA_QA_4_03
0040
00:04:05
DATA_QA_4_04
Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 Architecture
This describes the architecture for Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 and related systems.
This reference architecture uses two Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 file system modules. They are part of Hitachi Virtual
Storage Platform G1000 in the cluster configuration. The two NAS Platform servers are cluster interconnected with two 10
Gb/sec network links.
Each NAS Platform server directly connects to the Virtual Storage Platform G1000 target ports using two Fibre Channel
cables, from each NAS Platform 4060 node.
System Management Unit
Web Manager, the graphical user interface of the system management unit, provides front-end server administration and
monitoring tools. It supports clustering and acts as a quorum device in a cluster. This solution uses an external system
management unit that manages two NAS Platform servers.
Use one of the following browsers to run Web Manager:

Microsoft Internet Explorer®, version 9.0, or later

Mozilla Firefox, version 6.0, or later
23
24
Private
Management Network
Connect the private management interfaces of the Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 servers and the system management unit
to the Brocade ICX 6430-24 port switch. Devices connected to this private ICX 6430-24 port switch are only accessible
through the system management unit.
Public Data Network
The public data network consists of the public Ethernet port of Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 and system management unit
software connected to the Brocade ICX 6430-48 switch.
Storage Subsystem
This solution uses Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 as the storage subsystem. Hitachi NAS Platform has direct
attached Fibre Channel connections with Virtual Storage Platform G1000.
Server Connections
Figure 5 shows the back of Hitachi NAS Platform 4060.
Figure 5
Port C1 and Port C2 are the NAS Platform 4060 cluster ports. To enable clustering, do the following:

Connect Port C1 of first NAS Platform server to Port C1 of the second NAS Platform server.

Connect Port C2 of first NAS Platform server to Port C2 of the second NAS Platform server.
Port tg1 and Port tg2 are 10 GbE ports. Link aggregate and connect these ports to the Brocade VDX 6740-48 switches.
Connect Fibre Channel Port FC1 and Port FC3 directly to the Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 ports, as follows:

1A and 2A for the first NAS Platform server

1B and 2B for the second NAS Platform server
Connect port eth0 of the NAS Platform server to the management network on the Brocade ICX 6430-48 port switch.
Connect port eth1 of the NAS platform server to the private network on the Brocade ICX 6430-24 port switch.
24
25 the direct connection between Hitachi NAS Platform and Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000, set the port
For
properties as shown in Table 14.
Table 14. Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 Port Properties
Property
Value
Port Attribute
Target
Port Security
Disable
Port Speed
Auto (8 Gb/sec)
Fabric
OFF
Connection Type
FC-AL
Network File System Design for Shared Binaries
This solution requires a network file system to store cluster-wide SAP HANA binaries and configuration files of the inmemory database. Host this shared file system, called /hana/shared/<SID>, on Hitachi NAS Platform 4060. Mount this
file system on all SAP HANA nodes. <SID> is the system ID for the SAP HANA production database instance.
Table 8 on page 18 and Table 9 on page 19 show the parity group setup and the twenty four LDEVs and virtual volumes
used for NAS Platform in this configuration.
This solution uses six virtual volume LDEVs, as listed in Table 9 on page 19.

Refer to each LDEV as a system drive.

With these system drives, create a single storage pool called HANABIN_<SID>.
Configure two EVS on the NAS Platform nodes, as follows:

EVS on NAS Platform node 1 as HNASEVS1

EVS on NAS Platform node 2 as HNASEVS2
Create the shared file system hana_shared_<SID> using the storage pool HANABIN_<SID> with the following:

Capacity based on the number of SAP HANA nodes:

For up to 4 active HANA nodes: 13 TB

For up to 8 active HANA nodes: 26 TB

For up to 12 active HANA nodes: 39 TB

For up to 16 active HANA nodes: 52 TB

Block size of 32 KB

Auto expansion disabled
Mount and then export the file system. Mount the NFS export /hana_shared_<SID> on the file system path /hana/
shared/<SID> on all nineteen SAP HANA nodes.
Set the MTU size to 9000 on both NAS Platform nodes.
Follow similar procedure for the QA system on the secondary site.
25
26
Management
Server
This solution uses one node of a four-node Quanta Cloud Technology QuantaPlex T41S-2U server for the management
server. The management server acts as a central device for managing the SAP HANA platform.
Manage the following from the management server:

Hitachi Compute Blade 2500 chassis

520X B2 server blades

Brocade ICX 6430 — 48 port switch

Brocade VDX 6740 switches

System management unit

SAP HANA nodes

Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 servers

Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000

NTP configuration

Hi-Track Remote Monitoring system from Hitachi Data Systems

Hitachi Command Suite and management of the server blades

SAP HANA Studio
Figure 6 on page 27 shows the management server network ports using one dual port 1 GbE Base-T Intel i350 mezzanine
card.


Slot 01 Port 2 — Connect this port to the local area network. It provides 1 GbE network to the management server.
Slot 01 Port 1 — Connect this port to the Brocade ICX 6430-48 port switch that provides 1 GbE network to all other
switches, chassis, and Hitachi NAS Platform nodes.
The management server has the following additional components:

One dual port 10 GbE Intel 82599ES SFP+ OCP mezzanine card

One Emulex 2-port 8 Gb/sec Fibre Channel HBA on the PCIe slot
Connect the 10 GbE network ports to two different Brocade switches, VDX 6740-A and VDX 6740-B, to provide
management access to the SAP HANA nodes from the Quanta 2U4N server using the NFS network.
26
27
Figure 6
Install the following software on the management server:

Hitachi Command Suite

Hitachi Compute Systems Manager

Command control interface

Hitachi Dynamic Link Manager

NTP server service

PuTTY

Teraterm

JRE version jre-7u51-windows-i586 (no 64 bit)

Adobe Flash Player

WinSCP

SAP HANA Studio
Network Architecture
For the client network, two Brocade VDX 6740 switches provide external connectivity. In the solution rack, the switch
placement is as follows:

The switch at rack unit 40 is the VDX 6740-D switch 54

The switch at rack unit 39 is the VDX 6740-C switch 53
27
28 scale-out solution for SAP HANA internally uses the NFS network and the inter-cluster network only. They can share a
The
switch-pair, given that traffic can be strictly separated. Accomplish this by using VLANs on two ISL-paired Brocade VDX
6740 switches. In the solution rack, refer to the switches as follows:

The switch at rack unit 37 is the VDX 6740-B switch 52

The switch at rack unit 36 is the VDX 6740-A switch 51
The scale-out SAP HANA solution requires five separate networks.

SAP HANA Inter-Cluster Network
This network provides communication between the SAP HANA instances on the cluster.


Connect the SAP HANA inter-cluster network to Switch 51 and Switch 52 (Brocade VDX 6740). Set an MTU size
of 9100, in accordance with Brocade best practices.

Isolate using a VLAN of 100.

Each of these ports utilize active-active bonding mode:

Switch 51 and Switch 52 (VDX 6740 switches)

Port eth9901 and Port eth9902 of the Linux operating system.
SAP HANA Client Network
This network is dedicated to traffic between the SAP HANA database and its clients.


By default, isolate using a VLAN of 200. However, a different VLAN can be used to isolate this network.

Each of these ports utilize active-active bonding mode:


Connect the SAP HANA client network to Switch 53 and Switch 54 (Brocade VDX 6740). Set with an MTU size of
9100, in accordance with Brocade best practices.

Switch 53 and Switch 54 (Brocade VDX 6740 switches)

Port eth9921 and Port eth9922 of the Linux operating system.
Connect the up-link ports of the Brocade VDX 6740-48 switches to the local area network.
SAP HANA NFS Network
This network provides access to SAP HANA shared binaries and configuration files using the NFS protocol.

Connect the SAP HANA NFS network to Switch 51 and Switch 52 (Brocade VDX 6740). Set with an MTU size of
9100, in accordance with Brocade best practices.

Isolate using a VLAN of 150.

Each of these ports utilize active-active bonding mode:

Port eth9911 and Port eth9912 of the Linux operating system
28
29
 Hitachi NAS Platform Private Network
This network is used for the NAS Platform heartbeat.


A 1 GbE Brocade ICX6430-24 port switch supplies the heartbeat.
Management Network
This network is used with the management server. See “Management Server,” starting on page 26.

This resides on a 1 GbE Brocade ICX 6430-48 port switch.

The management network does not need to have a VLAN assigned to it.

The Brocade ICX 6430-48 port switch uses the default switch configuration.
The SAP HANA inter-cluster network, client network, and NFS network are required to have the following:

No single point of failure

Provide at least 10 GbE equivalent throughput
To meet these requirements, use four dual-port 10 GbE PCIe cards per SAP HANA node. Bond two ports from different
PCIe network adapters at the operating system level using link aggregation, following the IEEE 802.3ad Link Aggregation
standard for each of the three networks:

SAP HANA inter-cluster

NFS

Client network
Connections of each bond need to go to physically different VDX 6740 switches, so when one switch fails there is still
another route to the corresponding host. This solution connects two switches together using inter switch link. It lets both
switches act together as one single logical switch with the characteristics that, if one switch fails, there still is a path to the
hosts.
The complete network setup uses the ports on the 10 GbE PCI-Ex cards listed in Table 15 as an example configuration for
chassis 1. Follow the similar configuration for SAP HANA nodes on other chassis as well.
Table 15. Network Setup Using 10 GbE PCI-Ex NIC Cards
PCI-Ex Slot Number
Port
Operating System
Level eth Port
Network Description
IOBD 01B
0
eth9921
Client Network for Node01
IOBD 01B
1
eth9911
NFS Network of Node01
IOBD 02A
0
eth9902
Inter-cluster Network for Node01
IOBD 03A
0
eth9901
Inter-cluster Network for Node01
IOBD 04B
0
eth9922
Client Network for Node01
IOBD 04B
1
eth9912
NFS Network for Node01
IOBD 09B
0
eth9921
Client Network for Node02
IOBD 09B
1
eth9911
NFS Network of Node02
IOBD 10A
0
eth9902
Inter-cluster Network for Node02
29
30
Table 15. Network Setup Using 10 GbE PCI-Ex NIC Cards (Continued)
PCI-Ex Slot Number
Port
Operating System
Level eth Port
Network Description
IOBD 11A
0
eth9901
Inter-cluster Network for Node02
IOBD 12B
0
eth9922
Client Network for Node02
IOBD 12B
1
eth9912
NFS Network for Node02
SAP HANA Inter-cluster Network Connection for Node 1
Figure 7 shows the SAP HANA inter-cluster network connection for Node 1.
Figure 7
30
31
Configure
the SAP HANA inter-cluster network using operating system-level bonding on every node. Make the following
10 GbE connections, as listed in Table 16.
Table 16. SAP HANA Inter-Cluster Port Mapping
Chassis, PCI-Ex Slot Number, Port
VDX 6740 Switch and Port
Bond
Chassis 1, IOBD 03A, Port 0
VDX 6740-A, Port #1
Bond 0 of Node 1
Chassis 1, IOBD 02A, Port 0
VDX 6740-B, Port #1
Bond 0 of Node 1
Chassis 1, IOBD 11A, Port 0
VDX 6740-A, Port #2
Bond 0 of Node 2
Chassis 1, IOBD 10A, Port 0
VDX 6740-B, Port #2
Bond 0 of Node 2
SAP HANA NFS Network Connection for Node 1
Figure 8 shows the SAP HANA NFS network connection for Node 1.
Figure 8
31
32
Configure
the SAP HANA NFS network using operating system-level bonding on every node. Make the 10 GbE
connections using the mappings in Table 17.
Table 17. SAP HANA NFS Network Port Mappings
Chassis, PCI-Ex Slot Number, Port
VDX 6740 Switch and Port
Bond
Chassis 1, IOBD 01B, Port 1
VDX 6740-A, Port #21
Bond 1 of Node 1
Chassis 1, IOBD 04B, Port 1
VDX 6740-B, Port #21
Bond 1 of Node 1
Chassis 1, IOBD 09B, Port 1
VDX 6740-A, Port #22
Bond 1 of Node 2
Chassis 1, IOBD 12B, Port 1
VDX 6740-B, Port #22
Bond 1 of Node 2
SAP HANA Client Network Connection
Figure 9 shows the SAP HANA client network connection.
Figure 9
32
33
Configure
the SAP HANA client network using operating system-level bonding on every node. Make the following 10 GbE
connections using the port mappings shown in Table 18.
Table 18. SAP HANA Client Network Port Mappings
Chassis, PCI-Ex Slot Number, Port
VDX 6740 Switch and Port
Bond
Chassis 1, IOBD 01B, Port 0
VDX 6740-C, Port #1
Bond 2 of Node 1
Chassis 1, IOBD 04B, Port 0
VDX 6740-D, Port #1
Bond 2 of Node 1
Chassis 1, IOBD 09B, Port 0
VDX 6740-C, Port #2
Bond 2 of Node 2
Chassis 1, IOBD 12B, Port 0
VDX 6740-D, Port #2
Bond 2 of Node 2
SAP Storage Connector API Fibre Channel Client
The SAP HANA storage connector API Fibre Channel client defines a set of interface functions called during the following:

Normal SAP HANA cluster operation

Failover handling
Storage connector clients implement the functions defined in the storage connector API.
The scale-out of Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA platform uses the fcClientLVM implementation,
which supports the use of logical volume manager. SAP supports this solution to enable the use of high-performance
Fibre Channel devices for a scale-out installation.
The fcClientLVM implementation uses standard Linux commands, such as multipath and sg_persist. Install and configure
these commands.
The fcClientLVM implementation is responsible for mounting the SAP HANA volumes. It also implements a proper fencing
mechanism during a failover by means of SCSI-3 persistent reservations.
Configuration of the SAP Storage Connector API is contained within the SAP global.ini file in /hana/shared/<SID>/
global/hdb/custom/config.
Journal Sizing
The following are maximum throughput numbers, per journal:

If the distance between the sites is less than 2000 km (about 1200 miles), then the maximum throughput is about 750
MB/sec.

If the distance is greater than 2000 km, then the maximum throughput is about 500 MB/sec.

If the distance is greater than 5000 km (about 3100 miles), then the maximum throughput is about 350 MB/sec.
With one RAID group configured as RAID-6 (6D+2P) using 900 GB SAS drives, testing in the Hitachi Data System lab
achieved a throughput of 69 MB/sec.
For the base configuration of the solution, it is recommended to use at least two RAID groups configured as RAID-6
(6D+2P) with 900 GB SAS drives in a dynamic provisioning pool for use as a journal group.
Use this is the formula used to calculate the journal capacity:
Journal Capacity = Peak hour megabytes change × Number of hours
33
34
Table
19 provides the journal sizing information.
Table 19. Journal Sizing
Number of RAID
groups configured as
RAID-6 (6D+2P)
Hitachi Universal
Replicator Peak
Write
Throughput in
MB/sec
Hitachi
Universal
Replicator Peak
Write
Throughput in
GB/hour
Hitachi Universal
Replicator
Journal Space in
GB
Hours for journal
space: (Journal
space in GB)/
(peak GB/hour)
2
138
485
9600
19.7
3
207
727
14400
19.8
4
276
970
19200
19.7
5
345
1212
24000
19.8
6
414
1455
28800
19.7
7
483
1698
33600
19.7
8
552
1940
38400
19.7
9
621
2183
43200
19.7
10
690
2425
48000
19.7
11
759
2668
52800
19.7
Using the two RAID groups configured as RAID-6 (6D+2P), create LDEVs as in Table 20.
Table 20. LDEVs for Use with HUR_Journal_Group Dynamic Provisioning Pool
Parity
Group
ID
Parity Group RAID
Level and disks
LDEV ID
LDEV Name
LDEV Size
MPB
Assignment
1
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on
900 GB 10k RPM
SAS drives
00:0B:01
Journal_1
2400 GB
MPB0
00:0B:02
Journal_2
2400 GB
MPB4
RAID-6 (6D+2P) on
900 GB 10k RPM
SAS drives
00:0B:03
Journal_3
2400 GB
MPB0
00:0B:04
Journal_4
2400 GB
MPB4
2
Create a dynamic provisioning pool named HUR_Journal_Group and assign all the LDEVs created in Table 20 to this pool.
Create the four virtual volumes in Table 21, each with 2400 GB for use as a journal volume.
Table 21. Dynamic Provisioning Pool IDs and Virtual Volume LDEV IDs
Dynamic
Provisioning
Pool ID
Dynamic Provisioning
Pool Name
Virtual Volume
Names
Virtual
Volume
LDEV ID
Virtual
Volume
size
MPB
Assignment
1
HUR_Journal_Group_1
Journal_VVOL_1
00:0C:01
2400.00 GB
MPB0
Journal_VVOL_2
00:0C:02
2400.00 GB
MPB4
Journal_VVOL_3
00:0C:03
2400.00 GB
MPB0
Journal_VVOL_4
00:0C:04
2400.00 GB
MPB4
2
HUR_Journal_Group_2
To achieve a zero RPO, for a distance lower than 2000 km (about 1240 miles) we need the maximum of 750 MB/sec
journal throughput which is only possible by the use of 11 RAID-6 (6D+2P) parity groups.
34
35
During
implementation of the Hitachi Universal Replicator service, from Hitachi Data Systems Global Services needs to
right-size the journal volumes based on the actual workload, throughput, and RPO requirement. Then, the following needs
to happen:

Add additional disks to create a journal volume of RAID groups configured as RAID-6 (6D+2P) on 900 GB drives.

Create additional LDEVs and add them to the existing dynamic provisioning pool HUR_Journal_Group.

For every single RAID group added to the pool, create two virtual volumes of 2400 GB size to use as a journal volume.
Use this is the formula used to calculate the journal capacity:
Journal Capacity = Peak hour megabytes change × Number of hours
Inter-site Configuration
SAN switch and long distance amplifiers must be between the primary site and the secondary site, as and when
applicable.
If you have the SAN switches and long distance amplifiers in the existing infrastructure, you can utilize the same
infrastructure.
Table 22 lists the target and initiator ports of the two storage systems at each site along with zoning alias. Both sites need
one zoning configuration.
Table 22. Zoning Configuration
Initiator Port
RCU Target Port
Zone Name
PrimA_Port3B
SecB_Port7B
PrimA_Port3B_SecB_Port7B
PrimA_Port4B
SecB_Port8B
PrimA_Port4B_SecB_Port8B
SecB_Port3B
PrimA_Port7B
SecB_Port3B_PrimA_Port7B
SecB_Port4B
PrimA_Port8B
SecB_Port4B_PrimA_Port8B
Table 23 has the details on the zoning between the management server and Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000.


Create a single zone named MGMT_Pri_Sec.
Add all four Virtual Storage Platform G1000 ports aliases and all of the four management server Emulex port aliases in
the MGMT_Pri_Sec zone.
With this configuration, command devices on the primary system and secondary system are accessible on the
management servers at the primary site and secondary site.
Table 23. Hitachi Compute Rack Management Server Zoning
Virtual Storage
Platform
G1000 Alias
Hitachi Compute
Rack Management
Server Alias
Zone Name
PrimA_Port5B
MGMT_PRI_Port0
MGMT_Pri_Sec
SecB_Port5B
MGMT_SEC_Port0
MGMT_Pri_Sec
PrimA_Port6B
MGMT_PRI_Port1
MGMT_Pri_Sec
SecB_Port6B
MGMT_SEC_Port1
MGMT_Pri_Sec
35
36
Disaster
Recovery and Replication Components
In this reference architecture for SAP HANA disaster recovery, Hitachi Universal Replicator setup requires doing the
following:

“Install Command Control Interface” on page 36

“Install Hitachi Dynamic Link Manager” on page 36

“Configure Command Devices” on page 36

“Configure Replication using Command Control Interface,” starting on page 36

“Setup Hitachi Universal Replicator,” starting on page 39
Install Command Control Interface
Command control interface enables you to perform storage system operations by issuing commands to Hitachi Virtual
Storage Platform G1000.
In this solution, install command control interface on the management server used as a management server for the
primary site and the secondary site. Command control interface has the following components residing in these locations:

Storage System — Command devices and Hitachi Universal Replicator volumes (P-VOLs and S-VOLS)

Quanta Cloud Technology QuantaPlex T41S-2U Management Server — Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager
Install Hitachi Dynamic Link Manager
Install the Hitachi Dynamic Link Manager software on the management server for the primary site and the secondary site.
Dynamic Link Manager manages the access paths to the storage system.
Dynamic Link Manager provides the ability to distribute loads across multiple paths and switch to another path if there is
a failure in the path currently being used, improving system availability and reliability.
Configure Command Devices
A command device is a dedicated logical volume on the storage system that functions as the interface to the storage
system from the host. The command device accepts commands from the host that are executed on the storage system.
In this solution, create a 100 MB command device logical volume on the local and remote storage system. Each
management server has one dual-port Emulex HBA card, connected through the Brocade 7800 or Brocade 7840 switch
to Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000. Perform zoning and add the LUN path for the command devices in such a way
that the primary site management server and the secondary site management server can access the command devices
on both storage systems.
Configure Replication using Command Control Interface
A key aspect of this reference architecture on Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 is defining the volume pair
relationship for replication between storage systems. Define and manage storage replication relationships through the
Hitachi Storage Navigator graphical user interface or on the management server running Hitachi Open Remote Copy
Manager.
The Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager operates as a daemon process on the host. When activated, Hitachi Open
Remote Copy Manager refers to its configuration files. The Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager instance communicates
with the storage sub-system and remote servers.
36
37 instances of Open Remote Copy Manager are required for Hitachi Universal Replicator replication to be operational.
Two

A Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager instance on the primary management server manages the P-VOLs.

A Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager instance on the secondary management server manages the S-VOLs.
The Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager configuration file defines the communication path and the logical units to be
controlled. Each instance has its own configuration file. The configuration file lists the following for replication:

SAP HANA data volumes

Log volumes

Hitachi NAS Platform LUNs
Figure 10 shows the content of the configuration file (horcm04.conf) used by the Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager
instance on the primary management server.
Figure 10
37
38
Figure
11 shows the configuration file (horcm06.conf) files used by the Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager instance on
the secondary management server.
Figure 11
Figure 12 lists the entries that need for adding to the services file of the management server on both sides for Open
Remote Copy Manager to function.
Figure 12
38
39
Setup
Hitachi Universal Replicator
The reference architecture setup is as follows:





For the failover to the secondary site, this solution uses two initiator ports on Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000
at the primary site connected to two RCU target ports on Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 at the secondary
site.
For the failback to the primary site, it uses two initiator ports from the storage system at the secondary site connected
to the two RCU target ports on the storage system at the primary site.
The initiator and RCU target ports on Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 on the primary site connect to the
Brocade 7800 Fibre Channel switch at the primary site.
The initiator and RCU target ports on Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 on the secondary site connect to the
Brocade 7800 Fibre channel switch at the secondary site.
Define the port attributes for initiator and target ports on Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000. Configure the
storage system for Hitachi Universal Replicator replication by defining the logical paths for replication. Refer to the
Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 Hitachi Universal Replicator User Guide for the setup of logical paths for
replication and defining port attributes.
Configure Hitachi Universal Replicator
Configuring Hitachi Universal Replicator for Hitachi Unified Compute Platform for the SAP HANA platform requires the
following steps. The detailed implementation steps are in Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform G1000 - Hitachi Universal
Replicator User Guide. Contact your Hitachi Data Systems representative if you need this document.
1. Define the Fibre Channel port attributes.
Define the port attributes for initiator and target port on Virtual Storage Platform G1000.
2. Setup the logical path between the primary system and the secondary system.
Associate the primary system and the secondary system in the Universal Replicator relationships and define the
logical paths between them. This is required in order to perform the Universal Replicator pair operations.
3. Create parity groups and LDEVs for journal groups.
Create journal group RAID groups and LDEVs for use as journal volumes, as described in Journal Sizing.
4. Register journal volumes in a journal.
Register every journal volume in the journal group.
Start the Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager Instance
To start up the Hitachi Open Remote Copy Manager instance on the primary management server, issue the following
command:
C:\horcm\etc\horcmstart 04
To start up the Open Remote Copy Manager instance on the secondary management server, issue the following
command:
# C:\horcm\etc\horcmstart 06
39
40
Initial
Pair Copy Opearation
Perform the initial data transfer, called the pair copy operation, between the primary site and the secondary SAP HANA
node volumes in data/log/HNNAS with the following command, issued on the primary side:
# C:\horcm\etc\paircreate -IH04 –g HANADR -vl –f async 0
When executing the paircreate command, the initial copy happens. The primary storage system copies all the data in
sequence from the P-VOL directly to the S-VOL.
During the initial copy process, the status of the P-VOL and S-VOL is COPY. On completion of the initial copy process, the
status of the P-VOL and S-VOL changes to PAIR.
Initial Configuration for Replication of Hitachi NAS Platform 4060 LUNs
To use Hitachi Universal Replicator to replicate the SAP HANA LUNs on Hitachi NAS Platform, perform the following initial
configuration steps. This is a one-time configuration to setup the RAID mirror relationship between LUNs on Hitachi NAS
Platform. The steps only list a high-level overview of the important RAID mirroring commands on NAS Platform.
To perform the initial configuration, do the following.
1. Complete the initial pair copy (pair create) operation between the primary site and the secondary site for SAP HANA
these volumes:

Data

Log

NAS Platform
2. Perform the initial NAS Platform mirroring.
(1) On any instance of command control interface, validate that the primary site and the secondary site are correctly
paired and synchronized at "PAIR" status.
(2) On the console of NAS Platform for the secondary site, do the following:
i.
Verify HANA_SHARED_<SID> shared file system is unmounted.
ii. Copy the cluster information (cluster UUID and the cluster name) in a text editor window and keep it for later.
iii. Log on as root to the SMU of the secondary site.
iv. Verify that you are in the root folder.
v. Run the commands to get the luids and cod information of the NAS Platform disks to be replicated.
vi. Copy these files to the SMU on the primary site.
(3) On the console of NAS Platform for the primary site, do the following:
i.
Log on as root to the SMU of the primary site.
ii. Go to the folder where you copied the files from the secondary site.
iii. Run the command to mirror the disks.
iv. List the span information to confirm the mirror relationship.
v. Add the UUID of the NAS Platform on the secondary site to the span, using the cluster UUID and cluster
name using information from Step 2.ii .
40
41 (4) Log on to the secondary site:
i.
Rescan the cod for the span.
ii. List the span. Expect a clean output, not showing the production instance span.
3. Test the configuration by performing failover to the secondary site.
(1) Ensure the pair is synchronized completely.
(2) Shutdown Production on the Primary site
(3) Unmount /hana/shared/, the data file system, and the log file system at the primary site for production instance on
the SAP HANA nodes as well as Hitachi NAS Platform servers.
(4) Go to the secondary site and do the following:
i.
If it exists, shut down the quality assurance instance.
ii. Unmount /hana/shared/, the data file system, and the log file system at the secondary site for quality
assurance instance on the SAP HANA nodes as NAS Platform.
iii. Using command control interface, run a pair split with a read write.
iv. List the file system. This should show HANA_SHARED_<SID> as unmounted.
v. After the first failover, use 'evsfs' to bind each file system to an EVS at the secondary site.
vi. Mount the production shared file system on NAS Platform.
vii. Mount the production shared file system on SAP HANA nodes.
viii.Check at the operating system level of the SAP HANA nodes if the /hana/shared file system is mounted.
ix. Start the SAP HANA system and validate if it successfully comes up.
4. Test the configuration by performing failback to primary site.
(1) Shutdown the production SAP HANA database at the secondary site. Umount the hana_shared_<SID> file system
on the secondary NAS Platform cluster.
(2) Do a pair resync with swaps. Once it is 100% completed, start the failback.
(3) At the primary site, do the following:
i.
On command control interface, run the pair split with read and write.
ii. On the SMU, list the spans. This ensures the mirror relationship.
iii. Mount the hana_shared_<SID> file system on the primary NAS Platform cluster and HANA nodes. Check at
the operating system level of SAP HANA nodes if the /hana/shared file system is mounted.
iv. Start the SAP HANA system and validate if it successfully comes up.
v. Once validation completed, run the pair resync with swaps.
If one site is permanently lost and the surviving LUs are promoted into the SSWS state, it is necessary to run 'sd-peg -up'
on the surviving NAS Platform cluster to make it treats the S-VOLs as P-VOLs. Otherwise, 'sd-peg' should never be used.
41
42addition, registry changes made on one cluster while it is in production always need recording when made, and then
In
copied to the other cluster after the next failover:



If creating any new file systems have, bind them to EVSs using the 'evsfs' command, and then exported.
If deleting any file systems on one cluster, delete them from the registry of the other cluster by the filesystem-forgetand-delete-nv-data command.
If any exports have been created, deleted, or modified on one cluster, make the same changes on the other cluster.
42
43
Engineering Validation
Validation of this reference architecture was conducted in the Hitachi Data Systems laboratory. The steps to failover to the
secondary site and then to failback to primary site with soft and hard techniques using Hitachi Universal Replicator were
tested.
Test Methodology
To test the setup, the following scenarios were executed in the lab:

Planned failover to the secondary site

Planned failback to the primary site

Planned failover to the secondary site during mid-flush and then failback to the primary

Unplanned failover to the secondary site

Automated failover and failback using Hitachi Disaster Recovery Manager for SAP HANA without quality assurance on
the secondary site
Test Results
All the tests passed without issues. The RTO was less than an hour.
43
For More Information
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more information, see the Hitachi Data Systems Global Services website.
Live and recorded product demonstrations are available for many Hitachi products. To schedule a live demonstration,
contact a sales representative. To view a recorded demonstration, see the Hitachi Data Systems Corporate Resources
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For more information about Hitachi products and services, contact your sales representative or channel partner or visit
the Hitachi Data Systems website.
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