KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100S and E100SW COLOR REVERSAL FILM

KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100S and E100SW COLOR REVERSAL FILM
TECHNICAL DATA / COLOR REVERSAL FILM
December 1998 • E-164
KODAK
PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
Films E100S and E100SW
DESRIPTION
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100S
and E100SW are versatile, daylight-balanced, color reversal
films designed for processing in KODAK Chemicals,
Process E-6. These films feature KODAK
T-GRAIN® Emulsions for extremely fine grain and very
high sharpness, plus improvements in push, reciprocity,
multipop, and process performance.
These films are designed for exposure with daylight or
electronic flash. You can also expose them with tungsten
illumination (3200 K) or photolamps (3400 K) using filters.
Use these films to produce color transparencies for
projection or viewing with 5000 K illumination. Duplicate
transparencies can be made by direct printing. To make color
prints, you can print transparencies onto color reversal paper.
Or make internegatives for printing onto color negative
paper. You can also scan transparencies for digital printing
and for graphic arts and Photo CD applications.
FEATURES
BENEFITS
• Popular, medium speed of • Easy to use with flash and in a
EI 100
variety of outdoor lighting
conditions
• Excellent multipop flash
performance
• No compensation for effects
of multiple, consecutive flash
exposures up to 8 pops
• Precision Control Dopant
Technology (PCDT)
• Excellent for reciprocity. No
filter compensation for
exposures 1/10,000 second to
10 seconds
• Patented KODAK
T-GRAIN® Emulsions in
all color records
• Consistently tight grain
structure and very high
sharpness
• Two new spectral
sensitizing dyes
• Provide a broader range of
blue-light capture
• Solid-Particle Filter Dye for • Clean, rich colors
wavelength-selective,
green-light protection
• New interlayer structure
©Eastman Kodak Company, 1998
• For improved push and
excellent processing
characteristics
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
FILM E100S
• Excellent neutral color rendition and natural skin-tone
reproduction
• Enhanced color saturation (the “S” is for saturated)
• Ideal for use in studios or in cloudy-bright to sunny
conditions outdoors
• Exceptional results in advertising, catalog/product,
fashion, corporate/industrial, and nature/wildlife
applications
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
FILM E100SW
• Produces warm, saturated colors (the “SW” is for
saturated warm)
• Well suited for location photography with unpredictable
or cool/overcast lighting conditions
• Excellent for photographers who prefer a warmer scene
rendition
• Exceptional results in editorial, sports, travel,
advertising, and corporate/industrial applications
MANUFACTURING UNIFORMITY
E100S and E100SW Films are the first films to take full
advantage of Kodak’s new state-of-the-art manufacturing
facility in Rochester, New York. The results are films with
excellent edge-to-edge uniformity and roll-to-roll,
sheet-to-sheet consistency.
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Load and unload film in subdued light.
Store unexposed film in a refrigerator at 55°F (13°C) or
lower in the original sealed package. To avoid moisture
condensation on film that has been refrigerated, allow the
film to warm up to room temperature before opening the
package. Process film as soon as possible after exposure.
Protect transparencies from strong light, and store them in
a cool, dry place. For more information, see KODAK
Publication No. E-30, Storage and Care of KODAK
Photographic Materials—Before and After Processing.
SIZES AVAILABLE
EXPOSURE
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100S
Rolls
Code/
Spec No.
Base
CAT No.
135-36
E100S
5-mil acetate
169 8182
135-36
(20-roll pack)
E100S
5-mil acetate
815 9139
35 mm x 100 ft
E100S /
SP404
5-mil acetate
837 5198
70 mm x 100 ft
E100S /
SP475
5-mil acetate
110 1302
Exposure Index Numbers
Use the exposure index numbers below with cameras or light
meters marked for ISO or ASA speeds or exposure indexes.
Do not change the film-speed setting when metering through
a filter. Metering through filters may affect meter accuracy;
see your meter or camera manual for specific information.
For critical work, make a series of test exposures.
KODAK WRATTEN Exposure
Gelatin Filter
Index
Light Source
Daylight or Electronic Flash
None
100
120
E100S
3.9-mil acetate
830 5708
Photolamp (3400 K)
No. 80B
32
120 (5-roll pack)
E100S
3.9-mil acetate
889 8116
Tungsten (3200 K)
No. 80A
25
220 (5-roll pack)
E100S
3.9-mil acetate
161 3272
Code
Sheets
Size
10
50
4 x 5 in.
10
50
8 x 10 in.
E100S
E100S
Base
CAT No.
8.2-mil acetate
110 3241
174 7930
8.2-mil acetate
199 3740
810 3384
KODAK READYLOAD Packet
20
4 x 5 in.
E100S
8.2-mil acetate 843 3625
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Film E100SW
Daylight
Use the exposures in the table below for average frontlit
subjects from 2 hours after sunrise to 2 hours before sunset.
Shutter Speed
Lens
(second)
Opening
Lighting Conditions
Bright/Hazy Sun on Sand or Snow
1/125
ƒ/22
Bright/Hazy Sun, Distinct Shadows
1/125
ƒ/16*
Weak, Hazy Sun, Soft Shadows
1/125
ƒ/11
Cloudy Bright, No Shadows
1/125
ƒ/8
1/125
ƒ/5.6
Heavy Overcast or Open
Shade†
* Use ƒ/8 for backlit close-up subjects.
† Subjects shaded from sun but lit by large area of clear sky.
Rolls
Code/
Spec No.
Base
CAT No.
ELECTRONIC FLASH
135-36
E100SW
5-mil acetate
804 5346
135-36
(20-roll pack)
E100SW
5-mil acetate
859 5985
35 mm x 100 ft
E100SW
SP404
5-mil acetate
816 2570
Use the appropriate guide number in the following table as a
starting point for your equipment. First select the unit output
closest to the number given by your flash manufacturer. Then
find the guide number for feet or metres. To determine the
lens opening, divide the guide number by the flash-to-subject
distance. If transparencies are consistently too thin
(overexposed), use a higher guide number; if they are too
dense (underexposed), use a lower number.
120
E100SW
3.9-mil acetate
851 3988
120 (5-roll pack)
E100SW
3.9-mil acetate
134 0017
220 (5-roll pack)
E100SW
3.9-mil acetate
106 8444
Sheets
Size
10
50
4 x 5 in.
10
50
8 x 10 in.
Code
Distance in Feet
Distance in Metres
810 4853
123 0143
350
40
12
500
50
15
890 2991
8.2-mil acetate
100 2724
700
60
18
1000
70
21
1400
85
26
2000
100
30
2800
120
36
4000
140
42
5600
170
50
8000
200
60
CAT No.
E100SW
8.2-mil acetate
E100SW
KODAK READYLOAD Packet
20
4 x 5 in.
E100SW
Guide Number
Unit Output
(BCPS*)
Base
8.2-mil acetate 866 2645
DARKROOM RECOMMENDATIONS
Do not use a safelight. Handle unprocessed film in total
darkness.
* BCPS=beam candlepower seconds.
2
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100S and E100SW • E-164
Multiple Exposures with Electronic Flash
No filter corrections or exposure adjustments are required
for the effects of multiple, consecutive flashes (multipops)
up to 8 flashes.
Fluorescent and High-Intensity Discharge Lamps
Use the color-compensating filters and exposure adjustments
below as starting points to expose these films under
fluorescent or high-intensity discharge lamps. For critical
applications, make a series of test exposures under your
actual conditions.
To avoid the brightness and color variations that occur
during a single alternating-current cycle, use exposure times
of 1/60 second or longer with fluorescent lamps; with
high-intensity discharge lamps, use 1/125 second or longer.
Type of Fluorescent
Lamp
KODAK Color
Compensating Filters
Exposure
Adjustment
Daylight
50R
+1 stop
White
40M
+2/3 stop
Warm White
20C + 40M
+1 stop
Warm White Deluxe
30B + 30C
+1 1/3 stops
Cool White
40M + 10Y
+1 stop
Cool White Deluxe
20C + 10M
+2/3 stop
Note: When you do not know the type of fluorescent lamps,
try a 30M filter and increase exposure by 2/3 stop; color
rendition will probably be less than optimum.
High-Intensity
Discharge Lamp
KODAK Color
Exposure
Compensating Filters Adjustment
General Electric
Lucalox*
80B + 20C
+2 1/3 stops
General Electric
Multi-Vapor
20R + 20M
+2/3 stop
Deluxe White Mercury
30R + 30M
+1 1/3 stops
70R
+1 1/3 stops
Clear Mercury
Adjustments for Long and Short Exposures
No filter correction or exposure compensation is required for
exposures from 1/10,000 to 10 seconds.
Note: This information applies only when exposing the films
to daylight. The data are based on average emulsions
rounded to the nearest 1/3 stop and assume normal,
recommended processing. Use the data only as a guide. For
critical applications, make tests under your conditions.
PROCESSING
Chemicals
Process E100S and E100SW Films in KODAK Chemicals,
Process E-6.
Push Processing Characteristics
You can increase the effective speed (i.e., push) of E100S
and E100SW Films by adjusting the time of the first
developer. Increased film speed is useful under dim lighting
conditions, or when you need high shutter speeds to stop
action or small lens openings for increased depth of field.
Pushing will also slightly increase contrast, sharpen
highlights, and compensate for underexposure. By
understanding these effects in advance, you can use pushing
creatively and reliably.
Exposure for Push Processing
Labs that provide push processing with Process E-6 usually
offer the service for fixed time increases; i.e., push 1 or
push 2 in the first developer. It is a good idea to make a series
of test exposures and then work with your lab to determine
optimum exposure settings for push 1 and push 2.
As starting-point recommendations when you intend to
have E100S or E100SW Films processed at push 1,
underexpose the films by approximately 2/3 stop (EI 160).
For processing at push 2, underexpose by approximately
1 2/3 stops (EI 320).
* A high-pressure sodium-vapor lamp. The information here may
not apply to other manufacturers’ sodium-vapor lamps
because of differences in spectral characteristics.
Note: Consult the manufacturer of high-intensity lamps for
ozone ventilation requirements and safety information on
ultraviolet radiation.
Some primary color filters were used in the previous
tables to reduce the number of filters and keep the exposure
adjustment to a minimum. Red filters were substituted for
equivalent filtration in magenta and yellow. Blue filters were
substituted for equivalent filtration in cyan and magenta.
RETOUCHING TRANSPARENCIES
Use KODAK E-6 Transparency Retouching Dyes. You can
chemically retouch sheet and 120/220 formats of these films
on both the base and the emulsion side. Retouch only the
emulsion side on the 135 size. For information on retouching
equipment, supplies, and techniques, see KODAK
Publication No. E-68, Retouching Transparencies on
KODAK EKTACHROME Film.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100S and E100SW • E-164
3
PRINTING TRANSPARENCIES
IMAGE STRUCTURE
You can reproduce images made on E100S and E100SW
Films by using a variety of Kodak materials.
Diffuse rms Granularity* 10
Characteristic Curves
E100S Film
Duplicate Color Transparencies
Color Prints
For direct printing, use—
KODAK EKTACHROME RADIANCE III Papers
KODAK EKTACHROME RADIANCE III SELECT
Material
Or make internegatives on KODAK Commercial
Internegative Film, and print them on—
KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA III Papers
KODAK PROFESSIONAL SUPRA III Paper
KODAK PROFESSIONAL ULTRA III Paper
KODAK DURAFLEX® RA Print Material
4.0
B
R
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
3.0
2.0
F002_0210AC
1.0
0.0
1.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
Characteristic Curves
E100SW Film
SCANNING TRANSPARENCIES
4.0
For Graphic Arts Applications
B
Exposure: Daylight 1/100 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: Status A
G
R
3.0
DENSITY
The KODAK EKTACHROME Film family is characterized
by sets of image dyes which perform very similarly when
scanned. The scanner operator can set up one basic tone scale
and color correction channel for EKTACHROME Films, and
then optimize the tone scale and gray balance for the
requirements of individual images.
Use the KODAK Color Input Target / Q-60E1 or Q-60E3
to establish the setup for KODAK EKTACHROME Films
on all scanners. This target meets ANSI standards and
represents the dye sets of all EKTACHROME Films.
Exposure: Daylight 1/100 second
Process: E-6
Densitometry: Status A
G
DENSITY
Or make internegatives on KODAK Commercial
Internegative Film, and print them on—
KODAK VERICOLOR Print Film
KODAK VERICOLOR Slide Film
KODAK DURATRANS® RA Display Material
KODAK DURACLEAR™ RA Display Material
For direct printing, use—
KODAK EKTACHROME Duplicating Films
KODAK EKTACHROME RADIANCE Overhead Material
2.0
1.0
For Photo CD Applications
Use the Universal E-6 Film Term to scan all KODAK
EKTACHROME Films for KODAK PCD Imaging
Workstation applications.
For output to a Photo CD player: Using the Universal E-6
Film Term should result in an image that closely matches
your original in density, tone scale, and overall color balance
when viewed on a player.
For output devices other than Photo CD players: The YCC
data that results when using the Universal E-6 Film Term is
capable of producing a high-quality duplicate of your
original in terms of density, tone scale, and color
reproduction. Final quality of your reproduced image
depends on the capabilities of your output device, the
viewing environment, and the rendering path used.
0.0
3.0
1.0
0.0
LOG EXPOSURE (lux-seconds)
*
4
2.0
1.0
F002_0214AC
Read at a gross diffuse visual density of 1.0, using a
48-micrometre aperture, 12X magnification.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100S and E100SW • E-164
Modulation-Transfer Curves
E100S and E100SW Films
Spectral-Sensitivity Curves
E100S and E100SW Films
200
2.0
100
1.0
30
B
20
G
LOG SENSITIVITY *
RESPONSE (%)
70
50
10
R
7
5
3
0.0
1.0
Exposure: Daylight
Process: E-6
Densitometry: Diffuse visual
2
YellowForming
Layer
1
MagentaForming
Layer
CyanForming
Layer
Effective Exposure:
1/10 second
Process: E-6
Density: 1.0
Densitometry: E.N.D.
2.0
1
2
3 4 5
10
20
50
100
200
250
600
300
350
SPATIAL FREQUENCY (cycles/mm)
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
WAVELENGTH (nm)
2
*Sensitivity = reciprocal of exposure (ergs/cm ) required
to produce specified density
F002_0217AC
F002_0219AC
Spectral-Dye-Density Curves
E100S and E100SW Films
1.5
Typical densities for a midscale neutral subject
and D-min.
Process: E-6
DIFFUSE SPECTRAL DENSITY
Visual Neutral
1.0
Yellow
Magenta
Cyan
0.5
0.0
400
F002_0220AC
500
600
700
WAVELENGTH (nm)
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this publication represent product tested
under the conditions of exposure and processing specified. They are representative of
production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to a particular box or roll of
photographic material. They do not represent standards or specifications that must be
met by Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right to change and
improve product characteristics at any time.
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100S and E100SW • E-164
5
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME Films E100S and E100SW
MORE INFORMATION
Kodak has many publications to assist you with information
on Kodak products, equipment, and materials.
Additional information is available on the Kodak website
and through the U.S.A./Canada faxback system.
The following publications are available from Kodak
Customer Service, from dealers who sell Kodak products, or
you can contact Kodak in your country for more information.
E-10
KODAK EKTACHROME RADIANCE III Paper
E-30
Storage and Care of KODAK Photographic
Materials—Before and After Processing
E-38
KODAK EKTACHROME Duplicating Films
E-68
Retouching Transparencies on KODAK
EKTACHROME Film
E-103RF
KODAK PROFESSIONAL Color Reversal Films
H3-995
KODAK Q-60 Color Input Targets
(Brochure/order form available from the address
above.)
KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
Films E100S and E100SW
KODAK Publication No. E-164
CAT 198 5910
Kodak Information Center’s
Faxback System
—Available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week—
Many technical support publications for Kodak
products can be sent to your fax machine
from the Kodak Information Center. Call:
U.S.A. 1-800-242-2424, Ext. 33
Canada 1-800-295-5531
If you have questions about KODAK PROFESSIONAL
Products, call Kodak.
In the U.S.A.:
1-800-242-2424, Ext 19, Monday–Friday
9 a.m.–7 p.m. (Eastern time)
In Canada:
1-800-465-6325, Monday–Friday
8 a.m.–5 p.m. (Eastern time)
Or contact Kodak on-line at:
http://www.kodak.com/go/professional
Note: The Kodak materials described in this publication for
use with KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTACHROME
E100S and E100SW Films are available from dealers who
supply KODAK PROFESSIONAL Products. You can use
other materials, but you may not obtain similar results.
Kodak, Kodak Professional, Ektachrome, T-Grain, Wratten, Vericolor,
Radiance, Ektacolor, Duraflex, Duratrans, Duraclear, Portra,
Supra, and Ultra are trademarks.
Minor Revision 12-98
Printed in U.S.A.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising