m_s4882_100
Thunder K8QS Pro
///
S4882
Revision 1.00
Copyright © TYAN Computer Corporation, 2003-2004. All rights reserved. No part of this
manual may be reproduced or translated without prior written consent from TYAN
Computer Corp.
All registered and unregistered trademarks and company names contained in this manual
are property of their respective owners including, but not limited to the following.
TYAN, Thunder K8QS Pro are trademarks of TYAN Computer Corporation.
AMD, Opteron, and combinations thereof are trademarks of AMD Corporation.
Phoenix BIOS is a trademark of Phoenix Technologies.
Microsoft, Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
SuSE,is a trademark of SuSE AG.
Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds
IBM, PC, AT, and PS/2 are trademarks of IBM Corporation.
Winbond is a trademark of Winbond Electronics Corporation.
®
Broadcom is a trademark of Broadcom Corporation and/or its subsidiaries
ATI and Rage XL are trademarks of ATI Corporation
TM
LSI Logic, Fusion MPT , and LSI are trademarks of LSI Logic Corportation
Silicon Image is a trademark of Silicon Image, Inc.
Information contained in this document is furnished by TYAN Computer Corporation and
has been reviewed for accuracy and reliability prior to printing. TYAN assumes no liability
whatsoever, and disclaims any express or implied warranty, relating to sale and/or use of
TYAN products including liability or warranties relating to fitness for a particular purpose
or merchantability. TYAN retains the right to make changes to product descriptions and/or
specifications at any time, without notice. In no event will TYAN be held liable for any
direct or indirect, incidental or consequential damage, loss of use, loss of data or other
malady resulting from errors or inaccuracies of information contained in this document.
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Table of Contents
Before you begin…
Page 4
Chapter 1: Introduction
Congratulations
Hardware Specifications
Software Specifications
Page 5
Page 5
Page 6
Chapter 2: Board Installation
2.00 Board Image
2.01 Block Diagram
2.02 Board Parts, Jumpers and Connectors
2.03 Front Panel Connector (J6)
2.04 Clear CMOS Jumper (J8)
2.05 SMBus Connector (J11)
2.06 USB 1.1 Header (J12,J68)
2.07 Case Open Detect Connector (J19)
2.08 Serial Port Internal Header (J23)
2.09 PCI-X Speed Select Jumper (J24,J39)
2.10 Keyboard Lock Jumper (J42)
2.11 Gigabit LAN2 LED Header (J79)
2.12 Gigabit LAN1 LED Header (J80)
2.13 CPU FAN Connectors (J47, J5, J48, J44)
2.14 Chassis FAN Connectors
(J71, J70, J73, J72, J4, J3, J9, J74, J75)
2.15 SCSI ZCR Slot
2.16 Parallel Header(LPT CONNECTOR)
2.17 OEM Reserved Connectors and Jumpers
2.18 Installing the Processors
2.19 Heatsink Retention Frame Installation
2.20 Thermal Interface Material
2.21 Heatsink Installation Procedures
2.22 Finishing Installing the Heatsink
2.23 Tips on Installing Motherboard in Chassis
2.24 Installing the Memory
2.25 Attaching Drive Cables
2.26 Installing Add-In Cards
2.27 PCI Riser Cards
2.28 Connecting External Devices
2.29 Installing the Power Supply
2.30 Finishing Up
Chapter 3: BIOS
3.00 BIOS Setup Utility
3.10 BIOS Menu Bar
3.20 BIOS Legend Bar
3.30 BIOS Main Menu
3.40 BIOS Advanced Menu
3.50 BIOS Security Menu
3.60 BIOS Power Menu
3.70 BIOS Boot Menu
3.80 BIOS Exit Menu
Page 8
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Chapter 4: Diagnostics
Page 50
Appendix I: Glossary
Appendix II: BIOS POST Code
Page 51
Page 56
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Before you begin…
Check the box contents!
The retail motherboard package should contain the following:
1x Thunder K8QS Pro motherboard
1x 34-Pin floppy drive cable
1x LVD SCSI cable
4 x SATA cable
2x SATA Drive Power Adapter
1x Ultra-DMA-100/66 IDE cable
1x Cable set: 9-pin Serial and 25-pin Parallel
1x Thunder K8QS Pro user’s manual
1x Thunder K8QS Pro Quick Reference guide
1x TYAN driver CD
1x LSI SCSI driver diskette
1x Silicon Image SiI3114 SATA RAID driver diskette
1x I/O shield with 2 LAN ports
4 x CPU Mounting Kit
If any of these items are missing, please contact your vendor/dealer for replacement
before continuing with the installation process.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Congratulations
You are now the owner of the ideal solution for rackmount servers, large computer
clusters, or pedestal server needs. The Tyan Thunder K8QS Pro features support for
Quad AMD Opteron processors, dual channel Gigabit Ethernet, Serial ATA (SATA),
and dual channel U320 SCSI RAID.
Remember to visit TYAN’s Website at http://www.TYAN.com. There you can find
information on all of TYAN’s products with FAQs, online manuals and BIOS upgrades.
Hardware Specifications
Processor
Quad µPGA 940-pin ZIF sockets
TM
Supports up to four AMD Opteron 800
series processors
Four onboard 3-phase VRMs
Integrated 128-bit DDR Memory
Controller
Integrated Enhanced IDE
Controller
Provides two IDE dual-drive ports
for up to four EIDE devices
Supports for UDMA 33/66/100/133
IDE drives and ATAPI compliant
devices
Chipset
TM
AMD-8131 HyperTransport PCI-X
Tunnel
TM
AMD-8111 HyperTransport I/O Hub
Winbond W83627HF Super I/O chip
Total five Hardware Monitoring IC:
One ADM1027 and four LM63
Integrated I/O
One floppy connector supports one
device
Two 9-pin serial ports (one
connector and one header) and One
25-pin parallel port pin-header
PS/2 mouse and keyboard
connectors
Four USB v1.1 front panel headers
Two USB v2.0 connectors through
VT6212
Memory
128-bit dual channel memory bus
Total sixteen 184-pin 2.5-Volt DDR
DIMM sockets (4 on each CPU)
Supports up to 32 GB Registered DDR
Supports ECC and ECC with Chipkill
type memory modules
Supports PC1600, PC2100, PC2700 &
PC3200 DDR
Expansion Slots
Two independent PCI-X buses
Two 64-bit 66/33 MHz (3.3-Volt) PCI-X
slots from PCI-X bridge A
Two 64-bit 133/100/66/33 MHz (3.3-Volt)
PCI-X slots from PCI-X bridge B
One legacy 32-bit 33MHz (5-Volt) PCI
slot
Total of five usable slots
System Management
Total nine 3-pin fan headers with
tachometer monitoring
Four fan headers with (PWM) speed
control
One 2-pin Chassis Intrusion header
Temperature, voltage and fan
monitoring
Integrated PCI Graphics
TM
ATI Rage XL PCI graphics
controller
8MB Frame Buffer of video
memory
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Integrated Dual Channel SCSI (Mfg.
option)
LSI 53C1030 U320 SCSI controller
Dual-channel Ultra320 SCSI
Connects to PCI-X Bridge A
Supports LSI ZCR (Zero Channel RAID)
Integrated SATA Controller (Mfg.
option)
One Silicon Image SI3114 controller
Four SATA 1.0 ports
Supports up to Four SATA drives
Supports RAID 0,1,0+1
Intelligent Platform Management
Interface Header
Tyan Server Management Daughter
cards (optional); supports features
listed below via IPMI header
QLogic™ Zircon Baseboard
Management Controller (BMC) based
on powerful ARM7 technology
Tailored for IPMI highest 1.5 Spec.
Supports KCS and BT styles
Flexible Windows and Linux based
Management Solution
Supports RMCP and SNMP protocols
Supports ASF standard and EMP
2
I C serial multi-master controllers and
UARTs
Built-in IPMB connector
Remote power on/off and reset support
(IPMI-over-LAN)
Integrated LAN Controllers
®
Broadcom BCM5704C dualchannel Gigabit Ethernet
controller
Two RJ-45 LAN connectors with
LEDs
Connected to PCI-X Bridge A
Two Front Panel LED headers
BIOS
Phoenix BIOS
4Mbit LPC Flash ROM
Watchdog timer
USB boot support
48-bit LBA Support
Supports PXE via Ethernet
ACPI 2.0 & 1.0B support
Form Factor
SSI MEB footprint (13” x 16” /
330.2mm x 406.4mm)
EPS12V power connectors
One serial port and one VGA
connector
Stacked USB 2.0 (two) connectors
Stacked PS/2 keyboard and
mouse connectors
Two RJ-45 side-by-side LAN
connectors with LEDs
Regulatory
FCC Class B (Declaration of
Conformity)
European Community CE
Software Specifications
OS (Operating System) Support
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
Microsoft Windows NT4.0 Server
Microsoft Windows 2003 Enterprise Server
Microsoft Windows 2003 Standard Server
SuSE 8.2, 9.0
Solaris 9.0
Turbo Linux 8.0
Free BSD 5.1
United Linux 1.0
Red Hat Linux 7.3, 8.0, 9.0
TYAN reserves the right to add support or discontinue support for any OS with or
without notice.
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Chapter 2: Board Installation
Precaution: The Thunder K8QS Pro supports EPS12V power supplies (24-pin/8-pin) and
will not operate with any other types.
DO NOT USE ATX 2.x, ATX12V or ATXGES power supplies as they will damage the
board and void your warranty.
How to install our products right… the first time
The first thing you should do is read this user’s manual. It contains important information
that will make configuration and setup much easier. Here are some precautions you
should take when installing your motherboard:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Ground yourself properly before removing your motherboard from the antistatic
bag. Unplug the power from your computer power supply and then touch a
safely grounded object to release static charge (i.e. power supply case). For the
safest conditions, TYAN recommends wearing a static safety wrist strap.
Hold the motherboard by its edges and do not touch the bottom of the board, or
flex the board in any way.
Avoid touching the motherboard components, IC chips, connectors, memory
modules, and leads.
Place the motherboard on a grounded antistatic surface or on the antistatic bag
that the board was shipped in.
Inspect the board for damage.
The following pages include details on how to install your motherboard into your chassis,
as well as installing the processor, memory, disk drives and cables.
NOTE
DO NOT APPLY POWER TO THE BOARD IF IT HAS BEEN DAMAGED
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2.00 – Board Image
This picture is representative of the latest board revision available at the time of
publishing. The board you receive may or may not look exactly like the above
picture.
The following page includes details on the vital components of this motherboard.
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2.01 – Block Diagram
S4882 Thunder K8QS Pro Block Diagram
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2.02 – Board Parts, Jumpers and Connectors
This diagram is representative of the latest board revision available at the time of
publishing. The board you receive may not look exactly like the above diagram.
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Function
Settings
Front Panel Connector
See Section 2.03 for pinout
configuration
J8
Clear CMOS Jumper
Close Pin-1 and Pin-2 (Default)
Normal mode
Close Pin-2 and Pin-3
Clear CMOS mode
J11
SMBus Connector
See Section 2.05 for pinout
configuration
J6
USB 1.1 Header
For front or rear chassis mount
USB connectors
J19
Case Open Detect
Connector
See Section 2.07 for pinout
configuration
J23
Serial Port Internal Header
See Section 2.08 for pinout
configuration
J24,J39
PCI-X channel B (PCI-X 1
and PCI-X 2) frequency
configure
See Section 2.09 for adjusting
speed
J42
Keyboard Lock Connector
Open: Enable PS/2 keyboard
(Default)
Closed: Disable PS/2 keyboard
J79
Gigabit LAN2 LED Header
See Section 2.11 for pinout
J80
Gigabit LAN1 LED Header
See Section 2.12 for pinout
CPU Fan Connectors
See Section 2.13
Chassis Fan Connectors
See Section 2.14
SCSI Zero Channel RAID
(ZCR) PCI Slot (PCI-X Slot4)
See Section 2.15
Parallel Header(LPT CONN)
See Section 2.16
J12,J68
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Jumper Legend
OPEN - Jumper OFF
Without jumper cover
CLOSED - Jumper ON
With jumper cover
To indicate the location of pin-1
To indicate the location of pin-1
2.03 – Front Panel Connector (J6)
Function
PIN
#
PIN
#
Function
HDD
LED+
1
2
PWR LED+
HDD
LED-
3
4
PWR LED-
Reset
Button -
5
6
PWR
Button+
Reset
Button +
7
8
PWR Button-
VDD_5_R
UN
9
10
NC
IRRX
11
12
VDD_5_RU
N
GND
13
14
NC
IRTX
15
16
BUZZER
_SPKR
NC
17
18
SPKR
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2.04 – Clear CMOS Jumper (J8)
Pin_3
Pin_1
Pin_3
Pin_1
Default
Clear
You can reset the CMOS settings by
using this jumper if you have forgotten
your system/setup password or need to
clear system BIOS setting.
Power off system and disconnect
both power connectors from the
motherboard
Use jumper cap to close Pin_2 and
Pin_3 for several seconds to Clear
CMOS
Put jumper cap back to Pin_1 and
Pin_2 (default setting)
Reconnect power & power on system
2.05 – SMBus Connector (J11)
Pin_1
Pin_1:
SMBUSD_0
Pin_2:
GND
Pin_3:
SMBUSC_0
Pin_4
: NC
Use this connector to connect external
SMBUS devices
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2.06 – USB 1.1 Header (J12,J68)
Signal
Description
Pin
#
Pin
#
Signal
Description
VCC
1
2
VCC
USB DATA-
3
4
USB DATA-
USB DATA+
5
6
USB DATA+
GND
7
8
GND
NC
9
10
GND
2.07 – Case Open Detect Connector (J19)
PIN2
Pin-2
GND
PIN1
Pin-1
INTRUDUER_L
For use with chassis that support
this feature
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2.08 – Serial Port Internal Header (J23)
Signal
Description
Pin
#
Pin
#
Signal
Description
DCD2_L_SER
(Data Carrier
Detect)
1
2
DSR2_L_S
ER (DataSet-Ready)
RXD2_SER(Re
ceive-Data)
3
4
TXD2_SER(Tra
nsfer-Data)
5
6
DTR2_L_SER(
Data-TerminalReady)
7
8
GND (Ground)
9
10
RTS2_L_S
ER(Reques
t-to-Send)
CTS2_L_S
ER(Clearto-Send)
RI2_L_SE
R(RingIndicator)
NC
2.09 – PCI-X channel B (PCI-X 1 and PCI-X 2) frequency configure (J24,J39)
Open
Closed
These two jumpers(J24&J39) are used
to adjust PCI-X Bridge B PCI speed.
133MHz
100MHz
66MHz
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J39
Open
Open
Closed
J24
Open
Closed
Open
2.10 – Keyboard Lock Jumper (J42)
OPEN (Default)
To enable PS/2 keyboard
CLOSED
To disable PS/2 keyboard
2. 11– Gigabit LAN2 LED Header (J79)
Pin_1:LAN LED+
PIN-1
PIN-2
Pin_2:LAN LED-
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2. 12– Gigabit LAN1 LED Header (J80)
Pin_1:LAN LED+
PIN_1
PIN_2
Pin_2:LAN LED-
Use this 2-pin header to connect
external LAN LED.
2.13– CPU FAN Connectors (J47, J5, J48, J44)
Amp Rated
(Maximum)
#
FAN
Description
Function
J47
CPU_FAN0
RPM
Read
1.6 A
J5
CPU_FAN1
RPM
Read
1.6 A
J48
CPU_FAN2
RPM
Read
1.6 A
J44
CPU_FAN3
RPM
Read
1.6 A
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2.14– Chassis FAN Connectors (J71, J70, J73, J72, J4, J3, J9, J74, J75)
Amp
Rated
(Maximu
m)
FAN
Description
Function
J71
FAN1
Read
2.0 A
J70
FAN2
Read
2.5 A
J73
FAN3
Read
2.5 A
J72
FAN4
Read
1.6 A
J4
FAN5
Read
2.5 A
J3
FAN6
Read
1.2 A
J9
FAN7
Read
1.6 A
J74
FAN8
NA
1.2 A
J75
FAN9
NA
1.2 A
#
2.15 – SCSI Zero Channel RAID (ZCR) PCI Slot (PCI-X Slot4)
This slot is capable of accepting the LSI
Zero Channel RAID card*
Note: It supports LSI 2032L Zero
Channel RAID Card.
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2.16– Parallel Header ( LPT CONN )
Signal
Configuration
STB
DATA0
DATA1
DATA2
DATA3
DATA4
DATA5
DATA6
DATA7
ACK
BUSY
PE
PIN
PIN
#
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
#
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
SLCT
25
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Signal
Configuration
AUTFD
ERROR
INIT
SLIN
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
2.17 – OEM Reserved Connectors and Jumpers
The connectors and jumpers, which are not listed, are reserved for OEM use only.
2.18– Installing the Processor(s)
Your brand new Thunder K8QS Pro supports the latest 64-bit processor technologies
™
from AMD. Only AMD Opteron processor 800 series are certified and supported with this
motherboard.
Check our website for latest processor support. http://www.tyan.com
NOTE
If using a single processor, it MUST be installed in socket CPU0.
When using a single processor only CPU0 memory banks are
addressable.
TYAN is not liable for damage as a result of operating an unsupported configuration.
The diagram is provided as a visual guide to help you install socket processors and may
not be an exact representation of the processors you have.
o
Lift the lever on the socket until it is approximately 90 or as far back as possible to the
socket.
Align the processor with the socket. There are keyed pins underneath the processor to
ensure that the processor’s installed correctly.
Seat the processor firmly into the socket by gently pressing down until the processor sits
flush with the socket.
Place the socket lever back down until it locks into place.
Your processor is installed.
Repeat these steps for the second, third and fourth processor if you are using four
processors.
Take care when installing processors as they have very fragile connector pins below the
processor and can bend and break if inserted improperly.
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2.19 - Heatsink Retention Frame Installation
After you are done installing the processor(s), you should proceed to installing the
retention frame and heatsink. The CPU heatsink will ensure that the processors do not
overheat and continue to operate at maximum performance for as long as you own them.
Overheated processors are also dangerous to the health of the motherboard.
The backplate assembly prevents excessive motherboard flexing in the area near the
processor and provides a base for the installation of the heatsink retention bracket and
heatsink.
Because there are many different types of heatsinks available from many different
manufacturers, a lot of them have their own method of installation. For the safest method
of installation and information on choosing the appropriate heatsink, use heatsinks
validated by AMD. Please refer to AMD’s website at www.amd.com.
The following diagram will illustrate how to install the most common CPU back
plates:
1. Mounting screws
2. Heatsink retention frame
3. CPU socket
4. Motherboard PCB
5. Adhesive insulator material
6. Backplate assembly
NOTE: Please see next section
for specific instructions on how
to install mounting bracket.
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2.20 -- Thermal Interface Material
There are two types of thermal
interface materials designed for
use with the AMD Opteron
processor.
The most common material
comes as a small pad attached
to the heatsink at the time of
purchase. There should be a
protective cover over the
material. Take care not to touch
this material.
Simply remove the protective
cover and place the heatsink on
the processor.
The second type of interface
material is usually packaged
separately. It is commonly
referred to as ‘thermal
compound’. Simply apply a thin
layer on to the CPU lid (applying
too much will actually reduce the
cooling).
NOTE
Always check with the manufacturer of the heatsink & processor to
ensure the Thermal Interface material is compatible with the
processor & meets the manufacturer’s warranty requirements
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2.21 Heatsink Installation Procedures
Type A: CAM LEVER (TYPE) INSTALLATION
1. After placing backplate and interface
material under motherboard place heatsink
retention frame on top of motherboard.
Align plastic retention bracket screw hole
with CPU back-plate standoffs.
Tighten screws to secure plastic retention
bracket. Repeat for on other side.
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN.
2. After tightening screws secure metal clip
to plastic retention bracket center tab.
Repeat for on other side of heatsink.
3. After securing metal clip to plastic
retention bracket center tab, push down on
plastic clip to lock plastic clip to side tab.
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Type B: SCREW RETENTION TYPE HEATSINK
1. After placing CPU back-plate and
adhesive interface material under
motherboard, place heatsink retention
frame on top of motherboard. Align
heatsink retention frame screw hole with
backplate assembly standoffs. Place
heatsink inside plastic retention bracket.
Place metal clip over retention frame tab.
Repeat for other side.
2. Insert screw through metal clip.
BE SURE METAL CLIP IS LOCKED
ONTO RETENTION FRAME TAB.
3. Tighten screw through metal clip.
Repeat on other side.
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN.
2.22 -- Finishing Installing the Heatsink
After you have finished installing the heatsink onto the processor and socket, attach
the end wire of the fan (which should already be attached to the heatsink) to the
motherboard. The following diagram illustrates how to connect fans onto the
motherboard.
Once you have finished installing all the fans you can connect your drives (hard drives,
CD-ROM drives, etc.) to your motherboard.
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2.23 –Tips on Installing Motherboard in Chassis
Before installing your motherboard, make sure your chassis has the necessary
motherboard support studs installed. These studs are usually metal and are gold in
color. Usually, the chassis manufacturer will pre-install the support studs. If you are
unsure of stud placement, simply lay the motherboard inside the chassis and align the
screw holes of the motherboard to the studs inside the case. If there are any studs
missing, you will know right away since the motherboard will not be able to be
securely installed.
Thunder K8QS Pro S4882 Mounting Hole Placement
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Some chassis’ include plastic studs instead of metal. Although the plastic studs are
usable, TYAN recommends using metal studs with screws that will fasten the
motherboard more securely in place.
Below is a chart detailing what the most common motherboard studs look like and
how they should be installed.
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2.24 – Installing the Memory
Before attempting to install any memory, make sure that the memory you have is
compatible with the motherboard as well as the processor.
The following diagram shows common types of DDR SDRAM modules:
Here are a few key points to note before installing memory into your Thunder K8QS
Pro:
• Always install memory beginning with CPU0_DIMM0 or CPU0_DIMM2
• In order to access memory that is associated with each CPU socket you
must also have a CPU installed in that corresponding socket. Memory
installed into dimm sockets that do not have a CPU installed with it will be
non-functional.
TM
processors support 64bit (non-interleaved) or 128bit
• AMD Opteron
(interleaved) memory configurations
• At least ONE Registered DDR SDRAM module must be installed for the
system to turn on and POST (power on self test)
• 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB and 2GB Registered PC3200 / PC2700 / PC2100
/ PC1600 DDR SDRAM memory modules are supported
• All installed memory will be automatically detected
• The Thunder K8QS Pro supports up to 32GB.*
* Not validated at the time of print; subject to change.
Modifying the memory configuration for a S4882 is fairly simple by following a few
basic steps. The following terms are used in the memory modification description:
•
•
•
Bank – One or more DIMM’s logically arranged to form a given memory bus
access width (64-bit or 128-bit).
Node – A Single processor, its memory controller and all of its associated
memory DIMM’s and DIMM sockets. A node represents a given processor’s
memory array as viewed from the HyperTransport ™ link.
Bank Interleave – This form of interleaving causes the memory controller to
group two 128-bit DIMM banks into one large array. Every other 128-bit word
is stored in a given DIMM bank. Even word addresses are stored in the bank
composed of slots DIMM0 and DIMM1. Odd word addresses are stored in the
bank composed of slots DIMM2 and DIMM3. If enabled in BIOS setup, each
node with four identical DIMM’s is setup to use bank interleave.
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•
Node Interleave – Node based interleaving causes the system to group even
numbers of nodes into one large array. In the case of two-way node
interleaving (2 processors present), every other 128-bit word is stored on a
given node. Four-way node interleaving (four processors present) results in
th
every 4 128-bit word being stored on a given node. Node interleave is not
compatible with Microsoft’s SRAT table or Linux NUMA. If enabled in BIOS
setup and if all loaded nodes have the same amount of memory.
Rules for populating memory :
64 bit support: Choose DIMM slots 0 or 2 by themselves or use 0 and 2 together for
every CPU socket that corresponds to those DIMM slots.
128-bit support: Choose DIMM slots 0 and 1 or 2 and 3 or all 4 together for every
CPU socket that corresponds to those DIMM slots.
Refer to the diagram below if there are further questions on how to populate
memory in 64-bit, 128-bit orientations or Bank Interleaving:
DIMM Number
DIMM0
64-Bit Width
Bank 0
128-Bit Width
Bank 0, low 64
DIMM1
Not Used
Bank 0, high 64
DIMM2
Bank 1
Bank 1, low 64
DIMM3
Not Used
Bank 1, high 64
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Bank Interleave
Bank 0, low 64,
even
Bank 0, high 64,
even
Bank 0, low 64,
odd
Bank 0, high 64,
odd
Memory Installation Procedure
When you install the memory modules, make sure the module aligns properly with the
memory slot. The modules are keyed to ensure that it is inserted only one way. The
method of installing memory modules are detailed by the following diagrams.
Once the memory modules are firmly seated in the slot, two latches on either side will
close and secure the module into the slot. Sometimes you may need to close the
latches yourself.
To remove the memory module, simply push the latches outwards until the memory
module pops up. Then remove the module.
NOTE
YOU MUST ALWAYS unplug the power connector from the
motherboard before performing system hardware changes.
Otherwise you may damage the board and/or expansion device.
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2.25 – Attaching Drive Cables
Attaching the IDE drive cable is simple. These cables are “keyed” to only allow them
to be connected in the correct manner. TYAN motherboards have two on-board IDE
channels, each supporting two drives. The black connector designates the Primary
channel, while the white connector designates the Secondary channel.
Attaching IDE cables to the IDE connectors is illustrated below:
Simply plug in the BLUE END of the IDE cable into the motherboard IDE connector,
and the other end(s) into the drive(s). Each standard IDE cable has three connectors,
two of which are closer together. The BLUE connector that is furthest away from the
other two is the end that connects to the motherboard. The other two connectors are
used to connect to drives.
Note: Always remember to properly set the drive jumpers. If only using one device on
a channel, it must be set as Master for the BIOS to detect it.
TIP: Pin 1 on the IDE cable (usually designated by a colored wire) faces the
drive’s power connector.
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The Thunder K8QS Pro is also equipped with 4 Serial ATA (SATA) channels.
Connections for these drives are also very simple.
There is no need to set Master/Slave jumpers on SATA drives.
Tyan has supplied four SATA cables and two SATA power adapter. If you are in need
of other cables or power adapters please contact your place of purchase.
The following pictures illustrate how to connect an SATA drive
1. SATA drive cable connection
2. SATA drive power
connection
3. SATA cable motherboard
connector
4. SATA drive power adapter
Floppy Drives
Attaching floppy diskette drives are done in a similar manner to hard drives. See the
picture below for an example of a floppy cable. Most of the current floppy drives on
the market require that the cable be installed with the colored stripe positioned next to
the power connector. In most cases, there will be a key pin on the cable which will
force a proper connection of the cable.
Attach first floppy drive
(drive A:) to the end of the
cable with the twist in it.
Drive B: is usually
connected to the next
possible connector on the
cable (the second or third
connector after you install
Drive A:).
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2.26 – Installing Add-In Cards
Before installing add-in cards, it’s helpful to know if they are fully compatible with your
motherboard. For this reason, we’ve provided the diagrams below, showing the most
common slots that may appear on your motherboard. Not all of the slots shown will
necessarily appear on your motherboard.
Simply find the appropriate slot for your add-in card and insert the card firmly. Do not
force any add-in cards into any slots if they do not seat in place. It is better to try
another slot or return the faulty card rather than damaging both the motherboard and
the add-in card.
NOTE
YOU MUST ALWAYS unplug the power connector from the
motherboard before performing system hardware changes. Otherwise
you may damage the board and/or expansion device.
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2.27 – PCI Riser Cards Supported on Thunder K8QS Pro S4882
Model Number
M2037
M2043
M2043X
M2044
What speeds can
support
ALL SPEEDS
66MHz
33MHz
100MHz
66MHz
33MHz
100MHz
66MHz
Form Factor
1U
2U
2U
2U
What kind of Gold
Finger
3.3V and 5V
3.3V and 5V
3.3V and 5V
3.3V and 5V
How many slots
1
3
2
3
What kinds of slots
5V
3.3V
3.3V
3.3V
UPC Code
635872-007255
635872006906
635872007095
635872008368
You can use J24 & J39 to adjust the speed of PCI-X Channel B to fit different
kinds of Riser Cards supported on Thunder K8QS Pro S4882. See section 2.09
for detail.
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2.28 – Connecting External Devices
Connecting external devices to the motherboard is an easy task. The standard
devices you should expect to plug into the motherboard are keyboards, mice, and
printer cables. The following diagram will detail the ATX port stack for the following
board:
2.29– Installing the Power Supply
There are three power connectors on your Thunder K8QS Pro. Tyan recommends
that you have an EPS12V power supply that has one 24-pin and two 8-pin power
connectors.
J29: 24-pin EPS 12V power
connector
J63: 8-pin EPS 12V power
connector
J25: 8-pin EPS 12V power
connector
The Thunder K8QS Pro is standard EPS 12V compatible, please take following
combination for reference. Please be aware that ATX 2.x, ATX12V and ATXGES
power supplies are not compatible with the board and can damage the motherboard
and/or CPU(s).
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Power Supply Connection Matrix
Model #
#1
#2
# 3*
Connector on EPS12V PWR Supply
MB Power Connector
24-pin Connector
J29: 24-pin EPS 12V Connector
8-pin Connector
J63: 8-pin EPS12V Connector
8-pin Connector
J25: 8-pin EPS12V Connector
24-pin Connector
J29: 24-pin EPS 12V Connector
8-pin Connector
J63: 8-pin EPS12V Connector
4-pin Connector
J25: 8-pin EPS12V Connector
24-pin Connector
J29: 24-pin EPS 12V Connector
8-pin Connector
J63: 8-pin EPS12V Connector
*: Not validated at the time of print; subject to change.
Disconnect power supply from electrical outlet
a. Connect the EPS12V 8-pin power connector
b. Connect the EPS12V 24-pin power connector
c. Connect power cable to power supply to power outlet
Make sure you have connected both connectors before attempting to apply
power to the board.
NOTE: We suggest using a 650W or higher power supply; this is dependent on how
many devices you have installed. However, 650W is sufficient for system without
many devices (i.e. 4 x AMD Opteron 844 CPU, 16 x 1G DDR 333 Memory, 1 x HDD,
2 or 3 expansion cards).
2.30 – Finishing Up
Congratulations on making it this far! You’re finished setting up the hardware aspect
of your computer. Before closing up your chassis, make sure that all cables and wires
are connected properly, especially IDE cables and most importantly, jumpers. You
may have difficulty powering on your system if the motherboard jumpers are not set
correctly.
In the rare circumstance that you have experienced difficulty, you can find help by
asking your vendor for assistance. If they are not available for assistance, please find
setup information and documentation online at our website or by calling your vendor’s
support line.
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Chapter 3: BIOS
3.00 – BIOS Setup Utility
With the BIOS setup utility, you can modify BIOS settings and control the special features
of your computer. The setup utility uses a number of menus for making changes and
turning the special features on or off.
NOTE
All menus are based on a typical system. The actual menus displayed
on your screen may be different and depend on the hardware and
features installed in your computer.
To start the BIOS setup utility:
a. Turn on or reboot your system
b. Press <F2> to start BIOS setup utility
Main
BIOS Setup Utility
Security
Power
Advanced
System Time
System Date
[12:59:59]
[11/01/2002]
Legacy Diskette A:
[1.44/1.25MB 3”]
Primary Master
Primary Slave
Secondary Master
Secondary Slave
HDD Post Write Buffer:
Large Disk Access Mode:
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
[Enabled]
[DOS]
Extended Memory Testing
Boot Summary Screen:
[Just zero it]
[Disabled]
System Memory:
Extended Memory:
624 KB
5024 MB
F1 Help
ESC Exit
↑/↓Select Item
↔
Select Menu
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
<Tab>, <Shift-Tab>, or
<Enter> selects field
-/+ Change Values
F9 Setup Defaults
Enter Select
Sub-Menu F10 Save and Exit
To select an item
Use the left/right (↔
) arrow keys to make a selection
To display a sub-menu (A pointer “” marks all sub menus)
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the sub menu you want. Then press <Enter>.
3.10 – BIOS Menu Bar
The menu bar at the top of the windows lists these selections:
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Main
Advanced
Security
Power
Boot
Exit
NOTE
To configure basic system setups
To configure the chipset features
To configure user and supervisor passwords
To configure power management features
To configure system boot order
To exit setup utility
Options written in bold type represent the BIOS setup default
3.20 – BIOS Legend Bar
The chart describes the legend keys and their alternates:
Key
<F1> or <Alt-H>
<ESC>
← or →arrow keys
↑ or ↓ arrow keys
<Tab> or <Shift-Tab>
<Home> or <End>
<PgUp> or <PgDn>
<F5> or <->
<F6> or <+> or <Space>
<F9>
<F10>
<Enter>
<Alt-R>
Function
General help window
Exit current menu
Select a different menu
Move cursor up/down
Cycle cursor up/down
Move cursor to top/bottom of the window
Move cursor to next/previous page
Select the previous value/setting of the field
Select the next value/setting of the field
Load the default configuration values of the menu
Save and exit
Execute command or select submenu
Refresh screen
3.30 – BIOS Main Menu
Main
Advanced
BIOS Setup Utility
Security
Power
System Time
System Date
[12:59:59]
[11/01/2002]
Legacy Diskette A:
[1.44/1.25MB 3”]
Primary Master
Primary Slave
Secondary Master
Secondary Slave
HDD Post Write Buffer:
Large Disk Access Mode:
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
[Enabled]
[DOS]
Extended Memory Testing
Boot Summary Screen:
[Just zero it]
[Disabled]
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
<Tab>, <ShiftTab>, or <Enter>
selects field
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System Memory:
Extended Memory:
F1 Help
ESC Exit
↑/↓ Select Item
↔
Select Menu
624 KB
5024 MB
-/+ Change Values
F9 Setup Defaults
Enter Select
Sub-Menu F10 Save and Exit
3.3.1 – System Time
Feature
HH : MM : SS
Option
---
Description
Set the system time
Option
---
Description
Set the system date
3.3.2 – System Date
Feature
MM : DD : YYYY
3.3.3 – Legacy Diskette
Feature
Legacy Diskette
Option
360 KB
1.3 MB
720 KB
1.44/1.25 MB
2.88 MB
Description
This setting selects the type
of the floppy disk drive
installed in system.
3.3.4 –Primary/Secondary Master/Slave Sub-Menu
Feature
Type
Option
Auto
Description
Auto - To determine the IDE
drive type by system BIOS
Multi-Sector Transfers
---
Display the This feature is
determined by System BIOS
LBA Mode Control
---
This feature is determined by
System BIOS
32 Bit I/O
Enabled
Disabled
Transfer Mode:
---
Ultra DMA Mode
---
This setting enables or disables
32 bit IDE data transfers.
Display the Transfer Mode of
the plugged IDE device
Display the Ultra DMA which
the IDE device support
3.3.5 –Extended Memory Testing
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Feature
Extended Memory Testing
Option
Disable
Just zero it
Enable
Description
Determines which type of tests
will be performed on extended
memory
Option
Disable
Enable
Description
Display system configuration on
boot
3.3.6 – Boot Summary Screen
Feature
Boot Summary Screen
3.3.7 – System Memory
Feature
System Memory
Option
---
Description
Display the size of system
memory
Option
---
Description
Display the size of extended
memory
3.3.8 – Extended Memory
Feature
Extended Memory
3.40 – BIOS Advanced Menu
Main
Advanced
BIOS Setup Utility
Security
Power
Hardware Monitor
SMBIOS(DMI) Event Logging
Console Redirection
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
<Tab>, <Shift-Tab>, or
<Enter> selects field
Installed O/S:
Reset Configuration Data:
[Other]
[No]
Multiprocessor Specification:
Use PCI Interrupt Entries in MP Table:
[1.4]
[Yes]
ACPI SRAT Table:
(to be continued)
[Enable]
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RSDT FADT Revision:
HPET Timer:
Halt on Error:
GART Error Reporting
[1]
[Enable]
[Yes]
[Disable]
4GB Memory Hole Adjust
4GB Memory Hole Size
[Auto]
[64MB]
Chipset Configuration
Keyboard Configuration
I/O Device Configuration
PCI Configuration
Watchdog Timer Option
F1 Help
ESC Exit
↑/↓Select Item
↔
Select Menu
-/+ Change Values
F9 Setup Defaults
Enter Select
Sub-Menu F10 Save and Exit
3.4.1 – Hardware Monitor Sub-Menu
Description
This screen contains info from motherboard hardware monitor sensors, such as temperature,
fan speed and voltage.
3.4.2 –SMBIOS(DMI) Event Logging Sub-Menu
Feature
View DMI event log
Option
---
Description
View the contents of the DMI event
log.
Clear all DMI event logs
No
Yes
Setting this to ‘Yes’ will clear the DMI
event log after rebooting
Event Logging
Enable
Disable
Select ‘Enable’ to allow logging of
DMI events.
ECC Event Logging
Enable
Select ‘Enable’ to allow logging of
ECC events.
Disable
Mark DMI events as read
---
Press Enter to mark all DMI events in
the event log as read.
3.4.3 – Console Redirection Sub-Menu
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Feature
Com Port Address
Option
Disabled
On-board COM
A
Description
If the console redirection function
enabled, it will use COMA port on the
motherboard.
Console connection
Direct
Via modem
Indicate whether the console is
connected directly to the system or a
modem is used to connect.
Baud rate
300 /1200 /2400
/9600 /19.2k
/38.4k /57.6k
/115.2k
Select the baud rate of transfer
Flow Control
None
XON/XOFF
CTS/RTS
Select the Flow Control mode
Console Type
vt100
vt100 8bit
ANSI 7bit
ANSI
Vt100 plus
UTF8
Off
on
[other]
Win95
Win98
WinMe
Win2000
Select the console type
Continue C.R. after POST
Installed O/S
Enable Console Redirection after OS
has loaded.
Select the operating system installed
on your system which you will use
most commonly note. An incorrect
setting can cause some operating
systems to display unexpected
behavior.
3.4.4 – Reset Configuration Data
Feature
Reset Configuration Data
Option
Yes
No
Description
This setting erases all configuration data in a
section of memory for ESCD (Extended
System Configuration Data) which stores the
configuration settings for non-PnP plug-in
devices. Select Yes when required to restore
the manufacturer's defaults
3.4.5 – Multiprocessor Specification
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Feature
Multiprocessor Specification
Option
1.4
1.1
Description
Configures the MP Spec revision
level. Some OS will require 1.1 for
compatibility reasons
3.4.6 – Use PCI Interrupt Entries in MP Table
Feature
Use PCI Interrupt Entries in MP
Table
Option
Description
Configures the MP Table with PCI
interrupt entries
Option
Enable
Disable
1
2
Description
Enable ACPI 2.0 static resources
affinity table for ccNUMA systems.
Configures the MP Table with PCI
interrupt entries.
Option
Enable
Disable
Description
Enable HPET high precision event
timer
Yes
No
3.4.7 – ACPI SRAT Table
Feature
ACPI SRAT Table
RSDT FADT Revision
3.4.8 – HPET Timer
Feature
HPET Timer
3.4.9 – Halt on Error
Feature
Halt on Error
Option
Yes
No
Description
BIOS will halt POST and wait for user
input in case of POST errors.
3.4.10 – GART Error Reporting
Feature
GART Error Reporting
Option
Enable
Disable
Description
This option should remain disabled for
the normal operation. The driver
developer may enable it for testing
purpose
3.4.11 – 4GB Memory Hole Adjust
Feature
4GB Memory Hole Adjust
Option
Auto
Manual
Description
Auto – Adjust the memory hole size
automatically according to the memory
space used by PCI devices
Manual – Memory hole size is determined
manually
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3.4.12 – Chipset Configuration Sub-Menu
Feature
Dram Bank Interleave
Option
Auto
Disable
Node memory Interleave
Disable
AUTO
ECC
Enable
Dram ECC
Disable
Enable
Disable
ECC Scrub Redirection
Enable
Disable
4-bit ECC
Enable
Disable
Disable
40ns/80ns/
160ns/320n
s/640ns/1.2
8us/2.56us
Disable
40ns/80ns/
160ns/320n
s/640ns/1.2
8us/2.56us
Disable
1.31ms
/2.62ms/5.2
4ms/10.49
ms/20.97m
s/42ms/84
ms
Enable
Disable
DCACHE ECC Scrub CTL
L2 ECC Scrub CTL
Dram ECC Scrub CTL
Speculative TLB Reload
Description
Interleave memory blocks across dram
chip selects. BIOS will AUTO detect
capability on each Node.
Interleave memory blocks across
processor nodes BIOS will AUTO detect
capability of Memory System.
Note: This cannot be enabled if ACPI
SRAT table is also enabled. Changing one
value will also toggle the other.
ECC check/correct mode. This is a Global
enable function for all blocks within CPU
core and North Bridge
If all memory in the system supports ECC,
enabling this will initial scrub dram and
enable system requests to dram to be
checked and/or corrected
Enable ECC Scrubber to correct errors
detected in Dram during normal CPU
requests
Enable 4-bit ECC mode on Nodes with
ECC capable dims.
Set the rate of background scrubbing for
DCACHE lines
Set the rate of background scrubbing for
L2 cache lines
Set the rate of BACKGROUND scrubbing
for Dram.
Enable / Disable Speculative TLB Reload
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3.4.13 – Keyboard Configuration Sub-Menu
Feature
NumLock
Keyboard auto-repeat rate
Keyboard auto-repeat delay
Option
Auto
On
Off
Description
Select Power-on state
NumLock
30/sec
26.7/sec
...
1/4 sec
1/2 sec
3/4 sec
1 sec
Select key repeat rate
for
Select delay before key repeat
3.4.14 – I/O Device Configuration Sub-Menu
Feature
PS/2 Mouse
Option
Enable
Disable
USB Host Controller
Enable
Disable
USB BIOS Legacy Support
Disable
Enable
Onboard PCI IDE
Disable
Primary
Secondary
Both
Enable
Disable
AUTO
3F8/2F8/3E8/
2E8
IRQ4 / IRQ3
Serial Port A
Serial Port A Base I/O Address
Serial Port A Interrupt
Description
Disable – prevent any installed
PS/2 mouse from functioning,
but frees up IRQ 12
Enable – force the PS/2 mouse
port to be enabled regardless if
a mouse is present
Enable or disable the USB
hardware
Enable or Disable support for
USB Keyboards and Mice in
with a non-USB aware OS such
as DOS or UNIX
Enable the integrated local bus
IDE adapter
Configure serial port
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Feature
Serial Port B
Serial Port B Base I/O Address
Serial Port B Interrupt
Parallel port
Parallel Port Mode
Parallel Port Base I/O Address
Parallel Port Interrupt
Option
Enable
Disable
AUTO
3F8/2F8/3E8/
2E8
IRQ4 / IRQ3
Disable
Enable
Auto
Output only
Bi-directional
EPP
ECP
378/278/3BC
IRQ5 / IRQ7
Description
Configure serial port
Configure Parallel port
3.4.15 – PCI Configuration Sub-Menu
Feature
IOMMU
Option
Enable
Disable
Description
Enable / Disable IOMMU and select
the size of it.
Size
32MB/64MB/128
MB/256MB/512
MB/1GB/2GB
Onboard SATA/LSI/BroadCom
Enable
Disable
Enable or Disable the Onboard
devices
Onboard USB 2.0
Enable
Disable
Enable or Disable the Onboard
devices
Onboard SATA/LSI/Broadcom
Option Rom Scan
Enable
Enable or Disable to initialize
expansion ROM of Onboard devices
Disable
Broadcom LAN Port 2 PXE ﹡
Enable
Disable
Enable or Disable to support PXE
PCI/PNP IRQ Exclusion
Reserve specific IRQs for use by
legacy ISA devices.
Reserve specific upper memory
blocks for use by legacy ISA devices.
PCI/PNP UMB Exclusions
﹡ Enable Broadcom LAN Port 2 PXE may lead to option ROM overflow.
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3.4.16 – Watchdog Timer Option Sub-Menu
Feature
Watchdog Timer
Option
Disable
Enable
Time_Out Minutes
…
Description
Enable/Disable Watchdog Timer
Watchdog Time_out configuration in
minutes(1-255)
3.50 – BIOS Security Menu
Main
BIOS Setup Utility
Security
Power
Advanced
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
Supervisor Password Is: XXXX
User Password Is:
XXXX
Clear Supervisor Password
Set User Password
[ENTER]
<Tab>, <Shift-Tab>, or
<Enter> selects field
Password on boot:
[Disabled]
Fixed disk boot sector
[NORMAL]
F1 Help
ESC Exit
↑/↓Select Item
↔
Select Menu
-/+ Change Values
F9 Setup Defaults
Enter Select
Sub-Menu F10 Save and Exit
3.60 – BIOS Power Menu
Main
Advanced
BIOS Setup Utility
Security
Power
ACPI Enabled
Resume On Time:
Resume Time:
Resume Date:
[Yes]
[Off]
[00:00:00]
[00/00/0000]
Intruder Support
After Power Failure:
[Disabled]
[Last State]
F1 Help
ESC Exit
↑/↓Select Item
↔
Select Menu
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
<Tab>, <Shift-Tab>, or
<Enter> selects field
-/+ Change Values
F9 Setup Defaults
Enter Select
Sub-Menu F10 Save and Exit
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3.6.1 –Resume On Time
Feature
Resume On Time
Option
Description
Enable wakes the system up at a
specific time
Option
Description
Enable wakes the system up at a
specific time
Option
Disabled
Enable
Description
Enable/Disable Intruder Function
Option
Stay Off
Last State
Power On
Description
This setting specifies whether your
system will reboot after a power failure
or interrupt occurs.
Set to stay off to leave the computer in
the power off state.
Set to last state to restore the system
to the previous status before power
failure or interrupt occurred.
Set to power on to leave the computer
in the power on state.
Off
On
3.6.2 –Resume On Time
Feature
Resume On Time
Off
On
3.6.3 –Intruder Support
Feature
Intruder Support
3.6.4 – After Power Failure
Feature
After Power Failure
3.70 – BIOS Boot Menu
Main
Advanced
BIOS Setup Utility
Security
Power
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
CD-ROM Drive
+Removable Devices
+Hard Drive
Network Boot
MBA V6.1.2 SLOT 0248
MBA V6.1.2 SLOT 0249
F1 Help
ESC Exit
↑/↓Select Item
↔
Select Menu
-/+ Change Values
F9 Setup Defaults
Enter Select
Sub-Menu F10 Save and Exit
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The boot menu will list all bootable devices. Use <Enter> to expand or collapses devices
with a + or -, Use <+> or <-> to arrange the priorities of all bootable devices
3.80 – BIOS Exit Menu
Main
Advanced
BIOS Setup Utility
Security
Power
Exit Saving Changes
Exit Discarding Changes
Load Setup Defaults
Discard Changes
Save Changes
F1 Help
ESC Exit
↑/↓Select Item
↔
Select Menu
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
<Tab>, <Shift-Tab>, or
<Enter> selects field
-/+ Change Values
F9 Setup Defaults
Enter Select
Sub-Menu F10 Save and Exit
3.8.1 – Exit Saving Changes
Use this option to exit setup utility and re-boot.
All new selections you have made are stored into CMOS.
System will use the new settings to boot up.
3.8.2 – Exit Discarding Changes
Use this option to exit setup utility and re-boot.
All new selections you have made are not stored into CMOS.
System will use the old settings to boot up.
3.8.3 – Load Setup Defaults
Use this option to load all default setup values.
Use this option when system CMOS values have been corrupted or modified incorrectly.
3.8.4 – Discard Changes
Use this option to restore all new setup values that you have made but not saved into
CMOS.
3.8.5 – Save Changes
Use this option to store all new setup values into CMOS.
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Chapter 4: Diagnostics
Note: If you experience problems with setting up your system, always check the following
things in the following order:
CPU, Memory, Video
By checking these items, you will most likely find out what the problem might have been
when setting up your system. For more information on troubleshooting, check the Tyan
website at: http://www.tyan.com.
4.10 Beep Codes
Fatal errors which halt the boot process are communicated through a series of audible
beeps.
(1)
(2)
Memory module initialization failed
(a) memory modules might not be plugged in correct configuration
(b) wrong type of memory
(c) bad memory modules
Graphics initialization failed
Before contacting your vendor or Tyan Technical Support, be sure that you note as much
as you can about the beep code length and order that you experience. Also, be ready with
information regarding add-in cards, drives and O/S to speed the support process and
come to a quicker solution.
4.20 Flash Utility
Every BIOS file is unique for the motherboard it was designed for. For Flash Utilities,
BIOS downloads, and information on how to properly use the Flash Utility with your
motherboard, please check the Tyan web site: http://www.tyan.com
NOTE
Please be aware that by flashing your BIOS, you agree that in the event of
a BIOS flash failure, you must contact your dealer for a replacement
BIOS. There are no exceptions. Tyan does not have a policy for replacing
BIOS chips directly with end users. In no event will Tyan be held
responsible for damages done by the end user.
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Appendix I: Glossary
ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface): a power management
specification that allows the operating system to control the amount of power distributed to
the computer’s devices. Devices not in use can be turned off, reducing unnecessary
power expenditure.
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port): a PCI-based interface which was designed
specifically for demands of 3D graphics applications. The 32-bit AGP channel directly
links the graphics controller to the main memory. While the channel runs only at 66 MHz,
it supports data transmission during both the rising and falling ends of the clock cycle,
yielding an effective speed of 133 MHz.
ATAPI (AT Attachment Packet Interface): also known as IDE or ATA; a drive
implementation that includes the disk controller on the device itself. It allows CD-ROMs
and tape drives to be configured as master or slave devices, just like HD’s.
ATX: the form factor designed to replace the AT form factor. It improves on the AT design
by rotating the board 90 degrees, so that the IDE connectors are closer to the drive bays,
and the CPU is closer to the power supply and cooling fan. The keyboard, mouse, USB,
serial, and parallel ports are built-in.
Bandwidth: refers to carrying capacity. The greater the bandwidth, the more data the bus,
phone line, or other electrical path can carry. Greater bandwidth results in greater speed.
BBS (BIOS Boot Specification): a feature within the BIOS that creates, prioritizes, and
maintains a list of all Initial Program Load (IPL) devices, and then stores that list in
NVRAM. IPL devices have the ability to load and execute an OS, as well as provide the
ability to return to the BIOS if the OS load process fails. At that point, the next IPL device
is called upon to attempt loading of the OS.
BIOS (Basic Input/Output System): the program that resides in the ROM chip, which
provides the basic instructions for controlling your computer’s hardware. Both the
operating system and application software use BIOS routines to ensure compatibility.
Buffer: a portion of RAM which is used to temporarily store data; usually from an
application though it is also used when printing and in most keyboard drivers. The CPU
can manipulate data in a buffer before copying it to a disk drive. While this improves
system performance (reading to or writing from a disk drive a single time is much faster
than doing so repeatedly) there is the possibility of losing your data should the system
crash. Information in a buffer is temporarily stored, not permanently saved.
Bus: a data pathway. The term is used especially to refer to the connection between the
processor and system memory, and between the processor and PCI or ISA local buses.
Bus mastering: allows peripheral devices and IDEs to access the system memory
without going through the CPU (similar to DMA channels).
Cache: a temporary storage area for data that will be needed often by an application.
Using a cache lowers data access times since the information is stored in SRAM instead
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of slower DRAM. Note that the cache is also much smaller than your regular memory: a
typical cache size is 512KB, while you may have as much as 4GB of regular memory.
Closed and open jumpers: jumpers and jumper pins are active when they are “on” or
“closed”, and inactive when they are “off” or “open”.
CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductors): chips that hold the basic
startup information for the BIOS.
COM port: another name for the serial port, which is called as such because it transmits
the eight bits of a byte of data along one wire, and receives data on another single wire
(that is, the data is transmitted in serial form, one bit after another). Parallel ports transmit
the bits of a byte on eight different wires at the same time (that is, in parallel form, eight
bits at the same time).
DDR (Double Data Rate): a technology designed to double the clock speed of the
memory. It activates output on both the rising and falling edge of the system clock rather
than on just the rising edge, potentially doubling output.
DIMM (Dual In-line Memory Module): faster and more capacious form of RAM than
SIMMs, and do not need to be installed in pairs.
DIMM bank: sometimes called DIMM socket because the physical slot and the logical unit
are the same. That is, one DIMM module fits into one DIMM socket, which is capable of
acting as a memory bank.
DMA (Direct Memory Access): channels that are similar to IRQs. DMA channels allow
hardware devices (like soundcards or keyboards) to access the main memory without
involving the CPU. This frees up CPU resources for other tasks. As with IRQs, it is vital
that you do not double up devices on a single line. Plug-n-Play devices will take care of
this for you.
DRAM (Dynamic RAM): widely available, very affordable form of RAM which looses data
if it is not recharged regularly (every few milliseconds). This refresh requirement makes
DRAM three to ten times slower than non-recharged RAM such as SRAM.
ECC (Error Correction Code or Error Checking and Correcting): allows data to be
checked for errors during run-time. Errors can subsequently be corrected at the same
time that they’re found.
EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable ROM): also called Flash BIOS, it is a
ROM chip which can, unlike normal ROM, be updated. This allows you to keep up with
changes in the BIOS programs without having to buy a new chip. TYAN’s BIOS updates
can be found at http://www.tyan.com
ESCD (Extended System Configuration Data): a format for storing information about
Plug-n-Play devices in the system BIOS. This information helps properly configure the
system each time it boots.
Firmware: low-level software that controls the system hardware.
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Form factor: an industry term for the size, shape, power supply type, and external
connector type of the Personal Computer Board (PCB) or motherboard. The standard
form factors are the AT and ATX.
Global timer: onboard hardware timer, such as the Real-Time Clock (RTC).
HDD: stands for Hard Disk Drive, a type of fixed drive.
H-SYNC: controls the horizontal synchronization/properties of the monitor.
TM
HyperTransport : a high speed, low latency, scalable point-to-point link for
interconnecting ICs on boards. It can be significantly faster than a PCI bus for an
equivalent number of pins. It provides the bandwidth and flexibility critical for today's
networking and computing platforms while retaining the fundamental programming model
of PCI.
IC (Integrated Circuit): the formal name for the computer chip.
IDE (Integrated Device/Drive Electronics): a simple, self-contained HDD interface. It
can handle drives up to 8.4 GB in size. Almost all IDEs sold now are in fact Enhanced
IDEs (EIDEs), with maximum capacity determined by the hardware controller.
IDE INT (IDE Interrupt): a hardware interrupt signal that goes to the IDE.
I/O (Input/Output): the connection between your computer and another piece of
hardware (mouse, keyboard, etc.)
IRQ (Interrupt Request): an electronic request that runs from a hardware device to the
CPU. The interrupt controller assigns priorities to incoming requests and delivers them to
the CPU. It is important that there is only one device hooked up to each IRQ line; doubling
up devices on IRQ lines can lock up your system. Plug-n-Play operating systems can take
care of these details for you.
Latency: the amount of time that one part of a system spends waiting for another part to
catch up. This occurs most commonly when the system sends data out to a peripheral
device and has to wait for the peripheral to spread (peripherals tend to be slower than
onboard system components).
NVRAM: ROM and EEPROM are both examples of Non-Volatile RAM, memory that holds
its data without power. DRAM, in contrast, is volatile.
Parallel port: transmits the bits of a byte on eight different wires at the same time.
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect): a 32 or 64-bit local bus (data pathway)
which is faster than the ISA bus. Local buses are those which operate within a single
system (as opposed to a network bus, which connects multiple systems).
PCI PIO (PCI Programmable Input/Output) modes: the data transfer modes used by
IDE drives. These modes use the CPU for data transfer (in contrast, DMA channels do
not). PCI refers to the type of bus used by these modes to communicate with the CPU.
PCI-to-PCI bridge: allows you to connect multiple PCI devices onto one PCI slot.
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Pipeline burst SRAM: a fast secondary cache. It is used as a secondary cache because
SRAM is slower than SDRAM, but usually larger. Data is cached first to the faster primary
cache, and then, when the primary cache is full, to the slower secondary cache.
PnP (Plug-n-Play): a design standard that has become ascendant in the industry. Plug-nPlay devices require little set-up to use. Devices and operating systems that are not Plugn-Play require you to reconfigure your system each time you add or change any part of
your hardware.
PXE (Preboot Execution Environment): one of four components that together make up
the Wired for Management 2.0 baseline specification. PXE was designed to define a
standard set of preboot protocol services within a client with the goal of allowing
networked-based booting to boot using industry standard protocols.
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks): a way for the same data to be stored in
different places on many hard drives. By using this method, the data is stored redundantly
and multiple hard drives will appear as a single drive to the operating system. RAID level
0 is known as striping, where data is striped (or overlapped) across multiple hard drives,
but offers no fault-tolerance. RAID level 1 is known as mirroring, which stores the data
within at least two hard drives, but does not stripe. RAID level 1 also allows for faster
access time and fault-tolerance, since either hard drive can be read at the same time.
RAID level 0+1 is both striping and mirroring, providing fault-tolerance, striping, and faster
access all at the same time.
RAIDIOS: RAID I/O Steering (Intel)
RAM (Random Access Memory): technically refers to a type of memory where any byte
can be accessed without touching the adjacent data and is often referred to the system’s
main memory. This memory is available to any program running on the computer.
ROM (Read-Only Memory): a storage chip which contains the BIOS; the basic
instructions required to boot the computer and start up the operating system.
SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic RAM): called as such because it can keep two sets of
memory addresses open simultaneously. By transferring data alternately from one set of
addresses and then the other, SDRAM cuts down on the delays associated with nonsynchronous RAM, which must close one address bank before opening the next.
Serial port: called as such because it transmits the eight bits of a byte of data along one
wire, and receives data on another single wire (that is, the data is transmitted in serial
form, one bit after another).
SCSI Interrupt Steering Logic (SISL): Architecture that allows a RAID controller, such
as AcceleRAID 150, 200 or 250, to implement RAID on a system board-embedded SCSI
bus or a set of SCSI busses. SISL: SCSI Interrupt Steering Logic ( LSI ) (only on LSI
SCSI boards)
Sleep/Suspend mode: in this mode, all devices except the CPU shut down.
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SDRAM (Static RAM): unlike DRAM, this type of RAM does not need to be refreshed in
order to prevent data loss. Thus, it is faster and more expensive.
Standby mode: in this mode, the video and hard drives shut down; all other devices
continue to operate normally.
UltraDMA-33/66/100: a fast version of the old DMA channel. UltraDMA is also called
UltraATA. Without a proper UltraDMA controller, your system cannot take advantage of
higher data transfer rates of the new UltraDMA/UltraATA hard drives.
USB (Universal Serial Bus): a versatile port. This one port type can function as a serial,
parallel, mouse, keyboard or joystick port. It is fast enough to support video transfer, and
is capable of supporting up to 127 daisy-chained peripheral devices.
VGA (Video Graphics Array): the PC video display standard
V-SYNC: controls the vertical scanning properties of the monitor.
ZCR (Zero Channel RAID): PCI card that allows a RAID card to use the onboard SCSI
chip, thus lowering cost of RAID solution
ZIF Socket (Zero Insertion Force socket): these sockets make it possible to insert
CPUs without damaging the sensitive CPU pins. The CPU is lightly placed in an open ZIF
socket, and a lever is pulled down. This shifts the processor over and down, guiding it into
the board and locking it into place.
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Appendix II: BIOS POST Code
Code
02h
03h
04h
06h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
0Ch
0Eh
0Fh
10h
11h
12h
13h
14h
16h
17h
18h
1Ah
1Ch
20h
22h
24h
26h
28h
29h
2Ah
2Ch
2Eh
2Fh
30h
32h
33h
36h
38h
Beeps / Description
Verify Real Mode
Disable Non-Maskable Interrupt (NMI)
Get CPU type
Initialize system hardware
Initialize chipset with initial POST
values
Set IN POST flag
Initialize CPU registers
Enable CPU cache
Initialize caches to initial POST values
Initialize I/O component
Initialize the local bus IDE
Initialize Power Management
Load alternate registers with initial
POST values
Restore CPU control word during
warm boot
Initialize PCI Bus Mastering devices
Initialize keyboard controller
1-2-2-3. BIOS ROM checksum
Initialize cache before memory
autosize
8254 timer initialization
8237 DMA controller initialization
Reset Programmable Interrupt
Controller
1-3-1-1. Test DRAM refresh
1-3-1-3. Test 8742 KBD Controller
Set ES segment register to 4 GB
Enable A20 line
Autosize DRAM
Initialize POST Memory Manager
Clear 512 KB base RAM
1-3-4-1. RAM failure on address
1-3-4-3. RAM failure on data bits of
low byte of memory bus
Enable cache before system BIOS
shadow
1-4-1-1. RAM failure on data bits of
high byte of memory bus
Test CPU bus-clock frequency
Initialize Phoenix Dispatch Manager
Warm start shut down
Shadow system BIOS ROM
Code
3Ah
3Ch
3Dh
42h
45h
Beeps / Description
Autosize cache
Advanced configuration of chipset registers
Load alternate registers with CMOS values
Initialize interrupt vectors
POST device initialization
46h
48h
49h
4Ah
4Bh
4Ch
4Eh
50h
2-1-2-3. Check ROM copyright notice
Check video configuration against CMOS
Initialize PCI bus and devices
Initialize all video adapters in system
QuietBoot start (optional)
Shadow video BIOS ROM
Display BIOS copyright notice
Display CPU type and speed
51h
Initialize EISA board
52h
54h
58h
59h
Test keyboard
Set key click if enabled
2-2-3-1. Test for unexpected interrupts
Initialize POST display service
5Ah
5Bh
5Ch
Display prompt "Press F2 to enter SETUP"
Disable CPU cache
Test RAM between 512 and 640 KB
60h
62h
64h
66h
67h
68h
69h
6Ah
6Bh
Test extended memory
Test extended memory address lines
Jump to UserPatch1
Configure advanced cache registers
Initialize Multi Processor APIC
Enable external and CPU caches
Setup System Management Mode (SMM)
area
Display external L2 cache size
Load custom defaults (optional)
6Ch
Display shadow-area message
6Eh
Display possible high address for UMB
recovery
Display error messages
Check for configuration errors
Check for keyboard errors
Set up hardware interrupt vectors
70h
72h
76h
7Ch
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Code
Beeps / Description
7Eh Initialize coprocessor if present
80h Disable onboard Super I/O ports and
IRQs
81h Late POST device initialization
82h Detect and install external RS232
ports
83h Configure non-MCD IDE controllers
84h Detect and install external parallel
ports
85h Initialize PC-compatible PnP ISA
devices
86h. Re-initialize onboard I/O ports.
87h Configure Motherboard Devices
88h Initialize BIOS Data Area
89h Enable Non-Maskable Interrupts
(NMIs)
8Ah Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area
8Bh Test and initialize PS/2 mouse
8Ch Initialize floppy controller
8Fh Determine number of ATA drives
(optional)
90h Initialize hard-disk controllers
91h Initialize local-bus hard-disk
controllers
92h Jump to UserPatch2
93h Build MPTABLE for multi-processor
boards
95h Install CD ROM for boot
96h Clear huge ES segment register
97h Fixup Multi Processor table
98h 1-2. Search for option ROMs.
99h Check for SMART Drive (optional)
9Ah Shadow option ROMs
9Ch Set up Power Management
9Dh Initialize security engine (optional)
9Eh Enable hardware interrupts
9Fh Determine number of ATA and SCSI
drives
A0h Set time of day
A2h Check key lock
A4h Initialize Typematic rate
A8h Erase F2 prompt
AAh Scan for F2 key stroke
ACh Enter SETUP
AEh Clear Boot flag
B0h Check for errors
B2h POST done - prepare to boot
operating system
Code
Beeps / Description
BAh Initialize DMI parameters
BBh Initialize PnP Option ROMs
BCh
BDh
Clear parity checkers
Display MultiBoot menu
BEh
BFh
Clear screen (optional)
Check virus and backup reminders
C0h
Try to boot with INT 19
C1h
C2h
C3h
C4h
Initialize POST Error Manager (PEM)
Initialize error logging
Initialize error display function
Initialize system error handler
C5h
C6h
C7h
C8h
PnPnd dual CMOS (optional)
Initialize notebook docking (optional)
Initialize notebook docking late
Force check (optional)
C9h
D2h
Extended checksum (optional)
Unknown interrupt
E0h
E1h
Initialize the chipset
Initialize the bridge
E2h
E3h
E4h
E5h
E6h
E7h
E8h
E9h
EAh
EBh
Initialize the CPU
Initialize system timer
Initialize system I/O
Check force recovery boot
Checksum BIOS ROM
Go to BIOS
Set Huge Segment
Initialize Multi Processor
Initialize OEM special code
Initialize PIC and DMA
ECh
EDh
EEh
EFh
F0h
F1h
F2h
F3h
F4h
Initialize Memory type
Initialize Memory size
Shadow Boot Block
System memory test
Initialize interrupt vectors
Initialize Run Time Clock
Initialize video
Initialize System Management Mode
Output one beep before boot
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Code
B4h
B5h
B6h
B9h
Beeps / Description
One short beep before boot
Terminate QuietBoot (optional)
Check password (optional)
Prepare Boot
Code
Beeps / Description
F5h Boot to Mini DOS
F6h Clear Huge Segment
F7h Boot to Full DOS
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Technical Support
If a problem arises with your system, you should turn to your dealer for help first. Your
system has most likely been configured by them, and they should have the best idea of
what hardware and software your system contains. Furthermore, if you purchased your
system from a dealer near you, you can bring your system to them to have it serviced
instead of attempting to do so yourself (which can have expensive consequences).
Help Resources:
1. See the beep codes section of this manual.
2. See the TYAN website for FAQ’s, bulletins, driver updates, and
other information: http://www.tyan.com
3. Contact your dealer for help BEFORE calling TYAN.
4. Check the TYAN user group: alt.comp.periphs.mainboard.TYAN
Returning Merchandise for Service
During the warranty period, contact your distributor or system vendor FIRST for any
product problems. This warranty only covers normal customer use and does not cover
damages incurred during shipping or failure due to the alteration, misuse, abuse, or
improper maintenance of products.
NOTE: A receipt or copy of your invoice marked with the date of purchase is
required before any warranty service can be rendered. You may obtain service by
calling the manufacturer for a Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) number.
The RMA number should be prominently displayed on the outside of the shipping
carton and the package should be mailed prepaid. TYAN will pay to have the board
shipped back to you.
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Notice for the USA
Compliance Information Statement (Declaration of Conformity Procedure) DoC
FCC Part 15: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules
Operation is subject to the following conditions:
This device may not cause harmful interference, and
This device must accept any interference received including interference that may cause
undesired operation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try one or more of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
Plug the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that of the receiver.
Consult the dealer on an experienced radio/television technician for help.
Notice for Canada
This apparatus complies with the Class B limits for radio interference as specified in the
Canadian Department of Communications Radio Interference Regulations. (Cet appareil
est conforme aux norms de Classe B d’interference radio tel que specifie par le Ministere
Canadien des Communications dans les reglements d’ineteference radio.)
Notice for Europe (CE Mark)
This product is in conformity with the Council Directive 89/336/EEC,
92/31/EEC (EMC).
CAUTION: Lithium battery included with this board. Do not puncture, mutilate, or dispose
of battery in fire. Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with
the same or equivalent type recommended by manufacturer. Dispose of used battery
according to manufacturer instructions and in accordance with your local regulations.
Document #: D1607-100
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