Model 2016-02(CE) Downconverter Instruction Manual

Model 2016-02(CE) Downconverter Instruction Manual
Model 2016-02(CE)
Instruction Manual
Downconverter
August 2008 Rev H
MODEL 2016
DOWNCONVERTER
F=1525
G=+25.0
MENU
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES INC.
EXECUTE
ALARM
REMOTE POWER
Data, drawings, and other material contained herein are proprietary to Cross Technologies, Inc.,
but may be reproduced or duplicated without the prior permission of Cross Technologies, Inc.
for purposes of operating the equipment.
When ordering parts from Cross Technologies, Inc., be sure to include the equipment model number,
equipment serial number, and a description of the part.
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6170 Shiloh Road
Alpharetta, Georgia 30005
(770) 886-8005
FAX (770) 886-7964
Toll Free 888-900-5588
WEB www.crosstechnologies.com
E-MAIL info@crosstechnologies.com
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MODEL 2016-02 (CE) Downconverter
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
Warranty
1.0 General
1.1 Equipment Description
1.2 Technical Characteristics
1.3 Monitor & Control Interface
1.4 Use Information
2.0 Installation
2.1 Mechanical
2.2 Rear Panel Inputs & Outputs
2.3 Front Panel Controls & Indicators
2.4 Operation
2.5 Menu Settings
2
3
3
4
5
7
8
8
9
10
11
12
WARRANTY - The following warranty applies to all Cross Technologies, Inc. products.
All Cross Technologies, Inc. products are warranted against defective materials and
workmanship for a period of one year after shipment to customer. Cross Technologies,
Inc.’s obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or, at Cross Technologies, Inc.’s
option, replacing parts, subassemblies, or entire assemblies. Cross Technologies, Inc. shall
not be liable for any special, indirect, or consequential damages. This warranty does not
cover parts or equipment which have been subject to misuse, negligence, or accident by the
customer during use. All shipping costs for warranty repairs will be prepaid by the
customer. There are not other warranties, express or implied, except as stated herein.
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6170 Shiloh Road
Alpharetta, Georgia 30005
(770) 886-8005
FAX (770) 886-7964
Toll Free 888-900-5588
WEB www.crosstechnologies.com
E-MAIL info@crosstechnologies.com
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 2
08/05/08
MODEL 2016-02 (CE) Downconverter
1.0 General
1.1 Equipment Description
The 2016-02 (CE) Downconverter converts 950 to 2150 MHz to 70 MHz in 1 MHz steps with low group delay
and flat frequency response. Synthesized local oscillators (LO) provide frequency selection. Multi-function
push button switches select the input frequency, gain, and other parameters. Front panel LEDs provide
indication of DC power, PLL alarm or Remote operation. Gain is adjustable manually (MGC) over a 0 to 50 dB
range. The frequency and gain are remotely selectable. Parameter selection and frequency and gain settings
appear on the LCD display. Connectors are Type F female for the RF, and BNC female for the IF and optional
external 10 MHz reference input and output (option -E). Table 2.2 shows other connector options. LNB +24
VDC (option -L) and 10 MHz reference (option -E) can be inserted on the RF lines. The 2016-02 (CE) is
powered by a 100-240 ±10% VAC, 47-63 Hz power supply, and is contained in a 1 3/4” X 19 “ X 16” rack
mount chassis.
MODEL 2016
DOWNCONVERTER
F=1525
G=+25.0
MENU
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES INC.
EXECUTE
ALARM
REMOTE POWER
FRONT
AC
LNB FUSE
F1
RF IN
GND
IF OUT
MONITOR
AND
CONTROL
10 MHZ REF
OUTPUT
10 MHZ
EXT REF
INPUT
5 4 3 2 1
9 8 7 6
VDC on RF
J2
J1
DS8
J10
J18
J3
REAR
FIGURE 1.1 Model 2016-02 (CE) Front and Rear Panels
.95
to
2.15
GHz
IN
120 MHz
LP
70
MHz
OUT
var
atten
2330
or
2470
MHz
3.35
to
4.55
GHz
10MHz*
+24VDC*
F=1450
2400 MHz
BP
.95 to 2.15 GHz
BP
G=+25
CONTROLLER
EXT
10MHz*
INT
10MHz
*OPTIONAL
FIGURE 1.2 Model 2016-02 (CE) Downconverter Block Diagram
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 3
08/05/08
1.2 Technical Characteristics
TABLE 1.0 2016-02 (CE) Downconverter Specifications*
Input Characteristics
Impedance/Return Loss
75/12 dB (see TABLE 2.2 for connector options)
Frequency
950 to 2150 MHz
Noise Figure, Max.
15 dB max gain
Input Level range
-70 to -20 dBm
Input 1 dB compression
-15 dBm
Output Characteristics
Impedance/Return Loss
Frequency
Output Level/max linear
Output 1 dB compression
75 /18 dB (see TABLE 2.2 for connector options)
70 ± 18 MHZ
-20/-10 dBm
-5 dBm
Channel Characteristics
Gain
Image Rejection
Spurious Response
Frequency Response
Group Delay, max
Frequency Sense
0.0 to 50.0 dB, 1 dB steps (manually adjustable)
> 50 dB, min
<-40 dBC in band (± 18 MHZ)
±1.5 dB, 950 - 2150 MHz; ± 0.5 dB, 36 MHz BW
0.01 ns/MHz2 parabolic; 0.03 ns/MHz linear; 1 ns ripple
Non-inverting or Inverting (selectable)
Synthesizer Characteristics
Frequency Accuracy
Frequency Step
10 MHz level (In & Out)
±1.0ppm max over temp (±0.01ppm option H) internal reference
1.0 MHz minimum
3 dBm, ± 3 dB, 75 ohms (option E)
Phase Noise @ Freq
dBC/Hz
Controls, Indicators
Frequency Selection
Gain Selection
Power
Alarm
Remote
100 Hz
1kHz
10kHz
100kHz
1MHz
-70
-70
-80
-90
-100
direct readout LCD; pushbutton switches or remote selection
direct readout LCD; pushbutton switches or remote selection
Green LED
Red LED
Yellow LED; RS232C (RS485 option Q), 9600 baud
Other
RF Connector
IF Connector
10 MHz Connectors
Connector, Alarm, Remote
Size
Power
Options
E
H
Q
L
X
SW1
Connector options
Type F (female) (see TABLE 2.2 for other options)
BNC (female) (see TABLE 2.2 for other options)
BNC (female) (option -E)
DB9 - NO or NC contact closure on Alarm
19 inch standard chassis 1.75”high X 16.0” deep
100 - 240 ±10% VAC, 47 - 63 Hz, 45 watts max.
Allows ext. 10 MHz ref input, 10 MHz ref can be inserted on the RF in
High Stability (± 0.01 ppm) internal reference
RS-422/RS-485 Remote capability
LNB +24 VDC, 0.4 Amps with readout of current
125 kHz Frequency step size
Switch - system specific option - see appended APPLICATION document
see TABLE 2.2
*+10˚C to +40˚C; Specifications subject to change without notice
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 4
08/05/08
1.3 Monitor and Control Interface
A) Remote serial interface
Protocol: RS-232C, 9600 baud rate, no parity, 8 data bits, 1 start bit, and 1 stop bit.
Connector: Rear panel, DB-9 male
J10 Pinouts (RS-232C/422/485)
Pin
Function
1
Rx-
2
Rx+ (RS-232C)
3
Tx+ (RS-232C)
4
Tx-
5
GND
6
Alarm Relay: Common
7
Alarm Relay: Normally Open
8
Not Used
9
Alarm Relay: Normally Closed
B) Status Requests
Table 1.1 lists the status requests for the 2016-02 (CE) and briefly describes them.
TABLE 1.1 2016-02 (CE) Status
Stattus Requests
Command
Syntax*
Description
Command Status
{aaS1}
Returns {S1bbbbcccIA} where:
• bbbb = Rx frequency
• ccc = Rx gain
• I = 1 - spectrum invert enabled
• A = summary alarm; 1=alarmed, 0=normal
10MHz Ref Status
{aaS2}
(option -E only)
Returns {S2ER} where:
• E = 1 - external 10 MHz switched in
• R = 1 - 10 MHz ref inserted on RF input connector
LNB Current
(option -L only)
{aaS3}
Returns {S3eee} where:
• eee = LNB current (000 to 500 = 0 to .500 A)
* PLEASE NOTE: The Address (aa) should only be used when RS-485 is selected (option Q).
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 5
08/05/08
C) Commands
Table 1.2 lists the commands for the 2016-02 (CE) and briefly describes them. After a command is sent the
2016-02 (CE) sends a return “>” indicating the command has been received and executed.
General Command Format - The general command format is {aaCND...}, where:
{ = start byte
aa = address (RS-485 only - option -Q)
C = 1 character, either C (command) or S (status)
N = 1-digit command or status number, 1 through 9
D = 1 character or more of data (depends on command)
} = stop byte
Table 1.2 2016-02 (CE) Commands
Comm
mands
Command
Syntax*
Description
Set Receiver Frequency
{aaC2xxxx}
where:
• xxxx = 4 characters
• Range: 0950 to 2150 MHz, in 1 MHz steps
Set Receiver Gain
{aaC4xx}
where:
• xxx = 3 characters
• Range: 000 to 500 (0 dB to +50 dB, in 1 dB steps)
Enable 10MHz Ref Insertion
{aaC6x}
(option -E only)
where x =:
• 0 to disable 10MHz insertion on RF input connector
• 1 to enable 10MHz insertion on RF input connector
Enable Spectrum Invert
{aaC7x}
where x =:
• 0 to disable spectrum invert
• 1 to enable spectrum invert
Enable External 10MHz IN
{aaCEx}
(option -E only)
where x =:
• 0 to disable External 10MHz ref signal
• 1 to enable External 10MHz ref signal
Enable Remote
#
Just # sign
Disable Remote
{aaCR0}
{CR and zero}
* PLEASE NOTE: The Address (aa) should only be used when RS-485 is selected (option Q).
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 6
08/05/08
1.4 Use Information
A. Elevated operating ambient temperature-if installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating
ambient temperature of the rack may be greater than room ambient temperature. Therefore, consideration
should be given to Tmra.
B. Reduced air flow-Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the amount of air flow required
for safe operation of the equipment is not compromised. Additional space between unit may be required.
C. Mechanical loading- Mounting of equipment in a rack should be such that a hazardous condition does not
exist due to uneven weight distribution.
D. Circuit Overloading-Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit
and the effect that overloading of circuits could have on over current protection and supply wiring.
Appropriate consideration of equipment name plate rating should be used, when addressing this concern.
E. Reliable Earthing-Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be maintained. Particular attention
should be given to supply connections other than direct connection to the Branch (use of power strips).
F. Top Cover-There are no servicable parts inside the product so, the Top Cover should not be removed.
If the Top Cover is removed the ground strap and associated screw MUST BE RE-INSTALLED prior to
Top Cover screw replacement. FAILURE TO DO this may cause INGRESS and/or EGRESS emission
problems.
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 7
08/05/08
2.0 Installation
2.1 Mechanical
The 2016-02 (CE) consists of one RF/Controller PCB housed in a 1 RU (1 3/4 inch high) by 16 inch deep
chassis. A switching, ±12, +24, +5 VDC power supply provides power for the assemblies. The 2016-02 (CE)
can be secured to a rack using the 4 holes on the front panel. Figure 2.1 shows how the 2016-02 (CE) is
assembled.
POWER
SUPPLY
FIGURE 2.1 2016-02 (CE) Mechanical Assembly
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 8
08/05/08
2.2 Rear Panel Input/Output Signals
Figure 2.2 shows the input and output connectors on the rear panel.
AC1 - POWER IN
AC input for switching power
supply. 100-240 ± 10VAC,
47-63 Hz.
J2 - RF IN
950-2150 MHz input
-70 to -20 dBm
see Table 2.2.
F1 - LNB FUSE (option -L)
0.5A, Fast Blo, 1/4” Fuse; installing
fuse places +24 VDC, 0.4 Amps,
max on the RF IN (J2 center pin).
J1 - IF OUT
70 MHz output
-20 to -30 dBm
see Table 2.2.
J10 - MONITOR AND CONTROL
DB9 female connector
see Table 2.1
AC
RF IN
GND
LNB FUSE
F1
IF OUT
5
J2
DS8
DS8 - LNB ALARM LED (option -L)
Lights yellow when +24 VDC LNB
voltage is present on RF IN, J2, center
pin.
4
9
VDC on RF
J1
J18 - 10 MHz REF OUTPUT (option -E)
10 MHz reference output.
75 BNC female connector.
J18
10 MHZ
EXT REF
INPUT
MONITOR
AND
CONTROL
10 MHZ REF
OUTPUT
3
8
2
7
J10
1
6
J3
J3 - 10 MHz EXT REF INPUT (Option -E)
10 MHz external reference input
3 ± 3 dBm, 75 ohms, BNC female connector.
FIGURE 2.2 2016-02 (CE) Rear Panel I/Os
TABLE 2.1 J10
J10 Pinouts (RS-232C*)
Pin
Function
1
Not Used
2
Rx+ (RS-232C)
3
Tx+ (RS-232C)
4
Not Used
5
GND
6
Alarm Relay: Common
7
Alarm Relay: Normally Closed
8
Not Used
9
Alarm Relay: Normally Open
*Remote Serial Interface
Interface: DB-9 Male
Protocol: RS-232C, 9600 baud rate, no parity, 8 data bits, 1 start bit, 1 stop bit
TABLE 2.2 IF/RF
IF/RF Connector Options
Option
ns
Option
IF
RF
STD
BNC, 75
Type F, 75
B
BNC, 75
BNC, 75
C
BNC, 75
BNC, 50
D
BNC, 50
BNC, 50
F
Type F, 75 Type F, 75 FN
Type F, 75 Type N, 50 J
BNC, 50
Type F, 75 K
BNC, 50
BNC, 75 M
BNC, 50
Type N, 50
N
BNC, 75
Type N, 50
S
BNC, 50
SMA, 50
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 9
08/05/08
2.3 Front Panel Controls and Indicators - The following are the front panel controls and indicators.
DS3 - DOWN ALARM LED
Red LED indicates
downconverter alarm.
DS1 - REMOTE LED
Yellow LED indicates
remote operation.
LCD DISPLAY
Display shows Downconverter
frequency in MHz and Gain in dB
F=1525
G=+25
S1 - MENU/EXECUTE BUTTON
Press this to get into Program mode
and to execute any changes.
MENU
EXECUTE
ALARM
REMOTE
POWER
DS6 - POWER LED
Green LED indicates
presence of DC power.
S2 - VERT. TOGGLE
Vertical toggle switch that controls
values in the Menu items when in
program mode. Does not function in the
normal display mode
S3 - HORIZ. TOGGLE
Horizontal toggle switch that
controls which values are being
adjusted. Does not function in the
normal display mode
FIGURE 2.3 2016-02 (CE) Front Panel Controls and Indicators
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 10
08/05/08
2.4 Operation
2.4.1 Installing and Operating the 2016-02 (CE) Downconverter
1. Connect a -20 dBm to -70 dBm signal to RF IN, J2 (Figure 2.2)
2. Connect the IF OUT, J1, to the external equipment
3. Connect 100-240 ±10% VAC, 47 - 63 Hz to AC on the back panel.
4. Set the input frequency (See Section 2.5 Menu Settings).
5. Set the gain for +00.0 to +50.0 dB (See Section 2.5 Menu Settings).
6. Be sure DS6 (green, DC Power) is on and DS3 (red, Alarm) is off (Figure 2.3).
7. Option -L only - To insert LNB +24 VDC on the RF center pin install 0.5A fast blo fuse in F1 and
check that DS8 lights yellow (Figure 2.1)
8. AC Fuse - The fuse is a 5 mm X 20 mm, 2 amp slow blow (Type T) and is inserted in the far slot in the
drawer below the AC input as shown in Figure 2.4. There is a spare fuse in the near slot. If a fuse
continues to open, the power supply is most likely defective.
FUSE DRAWER
SPARE FUSE DRAWER
AC Fuse - 2 amp slow blow (Type T 2A GDC),
5 mm X 20 mm
INPUT
~
100-240± 10%VAC
47-63 Hz
2A MAX
FUSE
TYPE T 2A GDC
250 VOLT
FOR 100 - 240 V~
FIGURE 2.4 Fuse Location and Spare Fuse
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 11
08/05/08
2.5 Menu Settings
2.5.1 Functions
This section describes operation of the front panel controls. There are three operator switches, the
LCD display and alarm indicator LEDs. All functions for the equipment are controlled by these components.
The functions are (see Figure 2.5):
Power Up
Normal Display
Menu 1 Frequency in MHz
Menu 2 Gain (0 to +50)
Menu 3 Set Unit to Remote Operation
Menu 4 Select Non-inverting or Inverting Spectrum
Menu 5 Select External 10 MHz Ref (option -E)
Menu 6 Select Reference Out (option -E)
Menu 7 Set Remote mode (option -Q)
Menu 8 Set RS-485 address (option -Q)
Menu 9 View LNB Current (option -L)
Save Menu When go to end
Alarm indications appear on the LEDs (see figure 2.3).
All program changes must start with the operation of the Menu/Execute switch and must also end with the
operation of the Menu/Execute switch verified by the “Save Settings?” Menu. If this sequence is not followed,
none of the changes will take effect. If programming is initiated and no operator action takes place for
approximately 30 seconds (before the final press of the Menu/Execute switch) the display will revert to its
previous status and you will need to start over.
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 12
08/05/08
2.5.2 Power On Settings
NOTE: THE LAST STATUS OF A UNIT IS RETAINED EVEN WHEN POWER IS REMOVED.
WHEN POWER IS RESTORED, THE UNIT WILL RETURN TO IT'S PREVIOUS SETTINGS.
When power is first applied, the LCD display goes through three steps.
1.The LCD goes black to show all segments are functioning.
2.The software version will be displayed.
REV1.00
3.The present frequency and gain of the downconverter is shown.
F=1350
G=+10
The unit is now operational and ready for any changes the operator may desire.
2.5.3 Control Switches
1. Menu/Execute - Any change to the programming of the unit must be initiated by pressing the
Menu/Execute switch and completed by pressing the Menu/Execute switch.
2. Horizontal Switch - This switch is mounted so its movement is horizontal and moves the cursor
left or right.
3. Vertical Switch - This switch is mounted so its movement is vertical and has two functions:
a. During frequency , gain changes, the vertical movement will raise or lower the number in
the direction of the arrows.
b. For other functions such Mute on/off, the vertical switch will alternately turn the function on
or off regardless of the direction operated.
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 13
08/05/08
2.5.4 Frequency Changes
At any time during the modification process, if you have made a mistake and do not wish to save the changes
you have made, do not press the Menu/Execute switch; simply do nothing for approximately 30 seconds,
and the system will return to the normal operating mode or scroll to “R” and push the menu/Execute switch and
select “NO” in the “SAVE SETTINGS?” window.
To change the FREQUENCY:
Operate the Menu/Execute switch until you get to the menu item you want to change see Figure 2.5
for the sequence of menu options. The following display is for changing the downconverter frequency:
F = 1350
R
Pressing the Up/Down switch down will toggle the display to:
F = 1450
R
By using the horizontal rocker switch the cursor can be moved left or right .
F = 1450
R
NOTE: CHANGES DO NOT TAKE PLACE ON FREQUENCY UNTIL YOU GO TO THE SAVE
MENU AND INDICATE YOU WANT TO SAVE THE CHANGES.
When the display indicates the value desired you can push the Menu/Execute switch to get to the next
item:
G = +10
R
OR you can scroll to “R”, push the Menu/Execute switch to get to:
SAVE SETTINGS?
YN
Selecting Y will save the new settings. Selecting N will revert to the previous settings.
Pushing the Menu/Execute switch then takes you to this:
F=1450
G=+10
Figure 2.5 gives the menu items and how to make changes.
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 14
08/05/08
2.5.5 Gain Changes
When you get to this menu note that the gain changes will be made as you make them but if you do not wish to
save the changes you have made, scroll to “R” and push the Menu/Execute switch and select “NO” in the
“SAVE SETTINGS?” window or do not press the Menu/Execute switch; simply do nothing for
approximately 30 seconds, and the system will return to the normal operating mode.
To change the DOWNCONVERTER GAIN:
Push the Menu/Execute switch to get to the gain setting (See Figure 2.5 for the sequence of menu
options):
G = +10
R
Pressing the Up/Down switch will change the gain in 1 or 10 dB steps depending on the cursor location:
G = +20
R
By using the horizontal rocker switch the cursor can be moved left or right. Pressing the Up/Down
switch will toggle the display digit selected until you have the desired gain.
G = +20
R
NOTE: THE GAIN WILL BE CHANGED AS YOU ADJUST THE NUMBERS. HOWEVER, THE
VALUE WILL NOT BE STORED UNTIL YOU INDICATE YES IN THE SAVE SETTINGS
WINDOW.
When the display indicates the value desired you can push the Menu/Execute switch to get to the next
item:
OTHER? Y N
R
OR you can scroll to “R” and push the Menu/Execute switch to get to:
SAVE SETTINGS?
YN
Selecting Y will save the new settings. Selecting N will revert to the previous settings. Pushing the
Menu/Execute switch then takes you to this:
F=1450
G=+20
Figure 2.5 gives the menu items and how to make changes.
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 15
08/05/08
2.5.5 Alarm Indications
An alarm condition for will occur if any local oscillator phase lock loop (PLL) comes out of lock. The Mute
LED will light if you select Mute and the Remote LED will light when you select the Remote mode.
ON POWER UP
REV 1.00
Power Up
NORMAL DISPLAY
F = 1450
Normal Display
G = +10
PUSH BUTTON
PUSHING MENU/EXECUTE SEQUENCE
R
F = 1450
Menu 1 Frequency
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
R
G = +10
Menu 2 Gain (00 to +50)
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
Menu 3 Set Unit to Remote
Operation
REMOTE
OFF
Menu 4 Select Non-inverting or
Inverting Spectrum
DNSPECTRUM
Menu 5 Select External 10 MHz
Reference (option -E)
EXT REF
Menu 6 Select 10MHz Reference
Out (option -E)
REF OUT
Menu 7 Set Remote Mode
(option -Q)
RS 485
Menu 8 Set RS-485 Address (option
-Q)
ADDRESS = 00
Menu 9 View LNB current
(option -L)
LNB DC = 0.250A
Save? When “R” is selected or at
the end of the menu options
SAVE SETTINGS?
R
R
R
R
R
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
R
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
OFF
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
OFF
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
OFF
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
NON
PUSH BUTTON
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
PUSH BUTTON
R
Y N
FIGURE 2.5 Menu Display and Sequence
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 16
08/05/08
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6170 Shiloh Road
Alpharetta, Georgia 30005
(770) 886-8005
FAX (770) 886-7964
Toll Free 888-900-5588
WEB www.crosstechnologies.com
E-MAIL info@crosstechnologies.com
2016-02 (CE) Manual, Rev H
Page 17
08/05/08
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