datasheet for AD9070/PCB by Analog Devices Inc.

datasheet for AD9070/PCB by Analog Devices Inc.
10-Bit, 100 MSPS
A/D Converter
AD9070
a
FEATURES
10-Bit, 100 MSPS ADC
Low Power: 600 mW Typical at 100 MSPS
On-Chip Track/Hold
230 MHz Analog Bandwidth
SINAD = 54 dB @ 41 MHz
On-Chip Reference
1 V p-p Analog Input Range
Single Supply Operation: +5 V or –5 V
Differential Clock Input
Available in Standard Military Drawing Version
APPLICATIONS
Digital Communications
Signal Intelligence
Digital Oscilloscopes
Spectrum Analyzers
Medical Imaging
Radar
HDTV
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AD9070 is a monolithic sampling analog-to-digital
converter with an on-chip track-and-hold circuit and ECL
digital interfaces. The product operates at a 100 MSPS
conversion rate with outstanding dynamic performance over
its full operating range.
The ADC requires only a single –5 V supply and an encode
clock for full performance operation. The digital outputs are
ECL compatible, while a differential clock input accommodates
a wide range of logic levels. The AD9070 may be operated in a
Positive ECL (PECL) environment with a single +5 V supply.
An Out-of-Range output (OR) is available in the DIP version to
indicate that a conversion result is outside the operating range.
In both package styles, the output data are held at saturation
levels during an out-of-range condition.
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
VREF
IN
–2.5V
AD9070
AIN
AIN
VREF
REF
OUT COMP BYPASS
SOIC (BR)
PACKAGE
ONLY
ADC
T/H
10
D9 – D0
SUM
AMP
ENCODE
ENCODE
DAC
ADC
TIMING
VEE
GND
ENCODE
LOGIC
OR
DIP
PACKAGE
ONLY
The input amplifier supports single-ended interfaces. An
internal –2.5 V reference is included in the SOIC packaged
device (an external voltage reference is required for the
DIP version).
Fabricated on an advanced bipolar process, the AD9070
is available in a plastic SOIC package specified over the
industrial temperature range (–40°C to +85°C), and a full
MIL-PRF-38534 QML version (–55°C to +125°C) in a
ceramic Dual-in-Line Package (DIP).
REV. C
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its
use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that
may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise
under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781/329-4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781/326-8703
© Analog Devices, Inc., 2001
AD9070–SPECIFICATIONS
Parameter
Temp
(VEE = –5 V, ENCODE = 100 MSPS, outputs loaded with 100 ⍀ to –2 V unless
otherwise noted.)
Test
Level Min
AD9070BR
Typ
Max
RESOLUTION
DC ACCURACY
Differential Nonlinearity
10
25°C
Full
25°C
Full
Full
25°C
Full
Full
I
VI
I
VI
VI
I
VI
V
Full
Full
25°C
Full
25°C
Full
25°C
25°C
Full
25°C
V
V
I
I
I
I
V
I
I
V
REFERENCE OUTPUT
Output Voltage
Temperature Coefficient
Full
Full
VI
V
–2.4
SWITCHING PERFORMANCE
Maximum Conversion Rate
Minimum Conversion Rate
Encode Pulsewidth High (t EH)
Encode Pulsewidth Low (t EL)
Aperture Delay (tA)
Aperture Uncertainty (Jitter)
Output Valid Time (tV)2
Output Propagation Delay (t PD)2
Output Rise Time (tR)
Output Fall Time (tF)
Full
Full
25°C
25°C
25°C
25°C
Full
Full
Full
Full
VI
IV
IV
IV
V
V
VI
VI
VI
VI
100
DIGITAL INPUTS
Logic “1” Voltage
Logic “0” Voltage
Logic “1” Current
Logic “0” Current
Input Capacitance
Full
Full
Full
Full
25°C
IV
IV
VI
VI
V
–1.1
DIGITAL OUTPUTS
Logic “1” Voltage
Logic “0” Voltage
Output Coding
Full
Full
VI
VI
–1.1
POWER SUPPLY
VEE Supply Current (VEE = –5 V)
Power Dissipation3
Power Supply Sensitivity 4
Full
Full
VI
VI
80
400
25°C
I
Integral Nonlinearity
No Missing Codes
Gain Error1
Gain Tempco1
ANALOG INPUT
Input Voltage Range (with Respect to AIN)
Common-Mode Voltage
Input Offset Voltage
Input Resistance
Input Capacitance
Input Bias Current
Analog Bandwidth, Full Power
5962-9756301HXC
Typ
Max
Min
± 0.6
± 0.7
± 0.6
± 0.9
Guaranteed
±1
10
+1.25/–1.0
+1.5/–1.0
± 1.5
± 0.6
± 0.9
± 0.6
± 1.5
Guaranteed
±1
±2
130
±4
115
10
± 512
–2.5 ± 0.2
±7
± 18
±8
40
40
3
75
200
75
230
–2.5
170
–2.6
+1.25/–1.0
+2.00/–1.0
± 1.5
± 2.25
LSB
LSB
LSB
LSB
±4
±6
% FS
% FS
ppm/°C
± 512
–2.5 ± 0.2
±7
± 18
±9
± 20
40
40
3
75
200
75
200
230
mV p-p
V
mV
mV
kΩ
kΩ
pF
µA
µA
MHz
N/A
N/A
V
ppm/°C
0.85
2.5
2.6
3.0
0.5
0.5
40
13
13
4.5
4.5
0.85
2.5
2.6
3.0
0.5
0.5
1.5
4.0
–0.4
–1.5
± 10
± 10
–1.1
4.0
1.2
1.2
–0.4
–1.5
± 10
± 10
3
3
–1.15
–1.65
Two’s Complement
–2–
Bit
100
40
13
13
4.5
4.5
1.5
10
10
120
600
150
750
0.005
0.012
–1.60
Two’s Complement
80
400
Unit
MSPS
MSPS
ns
ns
ns
ps rms
ns
ns
ns
ns
V
V
µA
µA
pF
V
V
120
600
150
750
mA
mW
0.005
0.012
V/V
REV. C
AD9070
Parameter
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE 5
Transient Response
Overvoltage Recovery Time
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)
(Without Harmonics)
fIN = 10.3 MHz
fIN = 41 MHz
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SINAD)
(With Harmonics)
fIN = 10.3 MHz
fIN = 41 MHz
Effective Number of Bit
fIN = 10.3 MHz
fIN = 41 MHz
2nd Harmonic Distortion
fIN = 10.3 MHz
fIN = 41 MHz
3rd Harmonic Distortion
fIN = 10.3 MHz
fIN = 41 MHz
Two-Tone Intermod Distortion (IMD)
fIN = 10.3 MHz
fIN = 41 MHz
Temp
Test
Level
AD9070BR
Min
Typ
Max
25°C
25°C
V
V
25°C
Full
25°C
Full
I
V
I
V
55
25°C
Full
25°C
Full
I
V
I
V
54
25°C
25°C
I
I
25°C
25°C
5962-9756301HXC
Min
Typ
Max
3
4
Unit
3
4
ns
ns
57
55
56
54
dB
dB
dB
dB
56
54
54
52
dB
dB
dB
dB
57
56
56
55
55
56
55
54
53
54
8.8
8.3
9.2
8.9
8.8
8.3
9.2
8.9
Bits
Bits
I
I
63
58
70
63
63
58
70
63
dBc
dBc
25°C
25°C
I
I
65
57
71
61
65
57
71
61
dBc
dBc
25°C
25°C
V
V
70
60
dBc
dBc
54
51
54
51
70
60
NOTES
1
Gain error and gain temperature coefficient are based on the ADC only (with a fixed –2.5 V external reference).
2
tV and tPD are measured from the threshold crossing of the ENCODE input to the 50% levels of the digital outputs. The output ac load during test is 10 pF.
3
Power dissipation is measured under the following conditions: f S 100 MSPS, analog input is –1 dBFS at 10.3 MHz. Power dissipation does not include the current of
the external ECL pull-down resistors that set the current in the ECL output followers.
4
A change in input offset voltage with respect to a change in V EE.
5
SNR/harmonics based on an analog input voltage of –1.0 dBFS referenced to a 1.024 V full-scale input range.
Typical thermal impedance for the R style (SOIC) 28-lead package: θJC = 23°C/W, θCA = 48°C/W, θJA = 71°C/W.
Typical thermal impedance for the DH style (Ceramic DIP) 28-lead package: θJC = 8°C/W, θCA = 43°C/W, θJA = 51°C/W.
Contact DSCC to obtain the latest revision of the 5962-9756301 drawing.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
SAMPLE N–1
SAMPLE N
SAMPLE N+3
SAMPLE N+4
AIN
SAMPLE N+1
tA
tEH
tEL
SAMPLE N+2
1/fs
ENCODE
ENCODE
tPD
D9–D0
DATA N–4
DATA N–3
DATA N–2
DATA N–1
Figure 1. Timing Diagram
REV. C
–3–
tV
DATA N
DATA N+1
AD9070
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS*
Table I. Output Coding
VEE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –6 V
Analog Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VEE –1 V to +1.0 V
Digital Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VEE to 0.0 V
VREF IN, VREF OUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VEE to 0.0 V
Digital Output Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 mA
Operating Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –55°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –65°C to +150°C
Maximum Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150°C
Maximum Case Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150°C
*Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent
damage to the device. This is a stress rating only; functional operation of the device at
these or any other conditions outside of those indicated in the operation sections of this
specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum ratings for extended
periods may affect device reliability.
EXPLANATION OF TEST LEVELS
Test Level
I
– 100% production tested.
Step
AIN–AIN
Code
Two’s
Complement
OR
1024
1023
1022
•
•
•
513
512
511
•
•
•
1
0
–1
≥ 0.512 V
0.511 V
0.510 V
•
•
•
0.001 V
0.000 V
–0.001 V
•
•
•
–0.511 V
–0.512 V
≤ –0.513 V
>511
511
510
•
•
•
1
0
–1
•
•
•
–511
–512
<512
01 1111 1111
01 1111 1111
01 1111 1110
•
•
•
00 0000 0001
00 0000 0000
11 1111 1111
•
•
•
10 0000 0001
10 0000 0000
10 0000 0000
1
0
0
•
•
•
0
0
0
•
•
•
0
0
1
II – 100% production tested at 25°C and sample tested at
specified temperatures.
III – Sample tested only.
IV – Parameter is guaranteed by design and characterization testing.
V – Parameter is a typical value only.
VI – 100% production tested at 25°C; guaranteed by design
and characterization testing for industrial temperature
range; 100% production tested at temperature extremes
for military devices.
ORDERING GUIDE
Model
Temperature Range
Package Description
Package Option
AD9070BR
AD9070/PCB
5962-9756301HXC
–40°C to +85°C
25°C
–55°C to +125°C
Small Outline IC (SOIC)
Evaluation Board
Ceramic DIP
R-28
CAUTION
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Electrostatic charges as high as 4000 V readily
accumulate on the human body and test equipment and can discharge without detection.
Although the AD9070 features proprietary ESD protection circuitry, permanent damage may
occur on devices subjected to high-energy electrostatic discharges. Therefore, proper ESD
precautions are recommended to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.
–4–
DH-28
WARNING!
ESD SENSITIVE DEVICE
REV. C
AD9070
PIN FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
Pin Numbers
AD9070BR
AD9070DIP
R Package
D Package
Mnemonic
Function
1, 7, 12, 21, 23
2, 8, 11, 20, 22
3
4
5
6
9
10
13
14
28–24, 19–15
N/A
VEE
GND
VREF OUT
VREF IN
COMP
REF BYPASS
AIN
AIN
ENCODE
ENCODE
D9–D0
OR
Negative Power Supply. Nominally –5.0 V.
Ground
Internal Reference Output (–2.5 V typical); Bypass with 0.1 µF to Ground
Reference Input for ADC (–2.5 V typical)
Internal Amplifier Compensation, 0.1 µF to VEE
Reference Bypass Node, 0.1 µF to VEE
Analog Input – Complement
Analog Input – True
Encode Clock for ADC (ADC Samples on Rising Edge of ENCODE).
Encode Clock Complement (ADC Samples on Falling Edge of ENCODE).
Digital Outputs of ADC. D9 is the MSB. Data is two’s complement.
Out-of-Range Output. Goes HIGH when the converted sample is more
positive than 1FFh or more negative than 200h (Two’s Complement Coding).
1, 7, 9, 14, 21
2, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 22
N/A
3
N/A
N/A
4
5
11
12
27–23, 20–16
28
PIN CONFIGURATIONS
SOIC
Ceramic DIP
27 D9 (MSB)
27 D8
GND 2
VREF OUT 3
26 D7
VREF IN 3
26 D8
VREF IN 4
25 D6
AIN 4
25 D7
COMP 5
24 D5
AIN 5
24 D6
23 VEE
GND 6
REF BYPASS 6
AD9070BR
AD9070DIP
23 D5
TOP VIEW 22 GND
(Not to Scale)
21 VEE
GND 8
TOP VIEW 22 GND
(Not to Scale)
21 VEE
GND 8
VEE 7
VEE 7
REV. C
28 OR
VEE 1
28 D9 (MSB)
VEE 1
GND 2
AIN 9
20 GND
VEE 9
20 D4
AIN 10
19 D4
GND 10
19 D3
GND 11
18 D3
ENCODE 11
18 D2
VEE 12
17 D2
ENCODE 12
17 D1
ENCODE 13
16 D1
GND 13
ENCODE 14
15 D0 (LSB)
VEE 14
–5–
16 D0 (LSB)
15 GND
AD9070–Typical Circuit Applications
AIN
AIN
D9 – D0
OR
VEE
VEE
Figure 2. Equivalent Analog Input Circuit
Figure 5. Equivalent Digital Output Circuit
VREF
OUT
VREF IN
VEE
VEE
Figure 6. Equivalent Reference Output Circuit
Figure 3. Equivalent Reference Input Circuit
ENCODE
ENCODE
VEE
Figure 4. Equivalent Encode Input Circuit
–6–
REV. C
Typical Performance Characteristics–AD9070
0
0
–10
–10
FUNDAMENTAL = –1.0dBFS
SNR = 58.5dB
SINAD = 58.0dB
2nd HARMONIC = –76.8dB
3rd HARMONIC = –68.1dB
–20
–30
–30
–40
dB
dB
–40
–50
–50
–60
–60
–70
–70
–80
–80
–90
–90
–100
–100
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
MHz
35
40
45
50
TPC 1. Spectrum: fS = 100 MSPS, fIN = 10 MHz
5
10
15
20
25
30
MHz
35
40
45
50
TPC 4. Two Tone Intermodulation Distortion
0
60
–10
55
FUNDAMENTAL = –1.0dBFS
SNR = 56.8dB
SINAD = 55.0dB
2nd HARMONIC = –66.6dB
3rd HARMONIC = –60.8dB
–20
–30
SNR
50
45
–40
SINAD
dB
dB
F1 = 40.1MHz
F2 = 41.0MHz
F1 = F2 = –7.0dBFS
–20
–50
–60
40
NYQUIST
FREQUENCY
(50 MHz)
35
–70
30
–80
25
–90
–100
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
MHz
35
40
45
20
50
0
80
100
120
140
160
60
58
F1 = 9.57MHz
F2 = 10.3MHz
F1 = F2 = –7.0dBFS
–20
SNR
56
–30
54
–40
52
dB
dB
60
TPC 5. SNR vs. fIN; fS = 100 MSPS
0
–10
–50
48
–70
46
–80
44
–90
42
5
10
15
20
25
30
MHz
35
40
45
40
50
SINAD
50
–60
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
fS – MSPS
TPC 3. Two Tone Intermodulation Distortion
REV. C
40
fIN – MHz
TPC 2. Spectrum: fS = 100 MSPS, fIN = 40 MHz
–100
0
20
TPC 6. SNR vs. fS: fIN = 10.3 MHz
–7–
160
AD9070
60
60
59
59
SNR
58
58
57
57
SINAD
56
55
dB
dB
56
fS = 100MSPS
fIN = 10.1MHz
54
54
53
53
52
52
51
51
50
–60
–40
–20
0
20
40
60
T C – ⴗC
fS = 100MSPS
fIN = 10.1MHz
55
80
100
120
50
0
140
TPC 7. SNR vs. TC: BR Package (SOIC)
1
2
8
3
4
5
6
7
ENCODE PULSEWIDTH – ns
9
10
TPC 9. SNR vs. Clock Pulsewidth (tEH)
60
0
59
SNR
58
–1
57
SINAD
–2
55
NYQUIST
FREQUENCY
50MHz
dB
dB
56
fS = 100MSPS
fIN = 10.1MHz
54
–3
53
52
–4
51
50
–60
–40
–20
0
20
40
60
T C – ⴗC
80
100
120
–5
140
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
fIN – MHz
TPC 8. SNR vs. TC: DIP Package
TPC 10. Frequency Response
–8–
REV. C
AD9070
APPLICATION NOTES
Theory of Operation
The AD9070 employs a two-step subranging architecture with
digital error correction.
The sampling and conversion process is initiated by a rising
edge at the ENCODE input. The analog input signal is buffered
by a high speed differential amplifier and applied to a trackand-hold (T/H) circuit that captures the value of the input at
the sampling instant and maintains it for the duration of the
conversion.
The coarse quantizer (ADC) produces a five-bit estimate of the
input value. Its digital output is reconverted to analog form by
the reconstruction DAC and subtracted from the input signal in
the SUM AMP. The second stage quantizer generates a six-bit
representation of the difference signal. The eleven bits are
presented to the ENCODE LOGIC, which corrects for range
overlap errors and produces an accurate ten-bit result.
Data are strobed to the output on the rising edge of the ENCODE
input, with the data from sample N appearing on the output
following ENCODE rising edge N+3.
USING THE AD9070
ENCODE Input
not recommended. A better approach is to develop the required
voltage from the internal or external converter voltage reference
(VREF OUT).
Very small timing errors can reduce the performance of an A/D
dramatically. Total jitter of only 3.2 ps will limit the performance of an A/D sampling a full-scale 50 MHz signal to nine
effective bits. The AD9070’s specified aperture jitter of 2.5 ps
leaves only 2.0 ps of jitter budget for the clock source (an RSS
calculation).
The cleanest clock source is only a crystal oscillator producing
a pure sine wave. In this configuration, or with any roughly
symmetrical clock input, the input can be ac coupled and biased
to a reference voltage that also provides the ENCODE input
(Figure 7). This ensures that the reference voltage is centered
on the ENCODE signal.
Digital Outputs
The digital outputs are compatible with 10K ECL logic. The
suggested pull-down is 100 Ω to –2 V. However, to reduce power
consumption, higher value pull-down resistors can be used
when driving very low capacitance loads or at reduced encode
rates. The falling edge slew rate of the output bits will be degraded
with higher value pull-down resistors.
Analog Input
Any high speed A/D converter is extremely sensitive to the quality
of the sampling clock provided by the user. A Track/Hold circuit is
essentially a mixer, and any noise, distortion or timing jitter on
the clock will be combined with the desired signal at the A/D
output. For that reason, considerable care has been taken in the
design of the ENCODE input of the AD9070 and the user is
advised to give commensurate thought to the clock source.
The ENCODE input is fully differential and may be operated in
a differential or a single-ended mode. It has a common-mode
range of –1 V to –3 V, and is easily driven by a differential ECL
driver. Proper termination at the A/D is important.
The analog input to the AD9070 is a differential amplifier, but
the design has been optimized for a single-ended input. The
AIN input should be connected or bypassed to the ground
reference of the input signal. For best dynamic performance,
impedances at AIN and AIN should match.
The circuit in Figure 8 illustrates a simple ac-coupled interface.
The midscale input voltage and the AIN levels are both provided
by the internal reference (VREF OUT).
–5V
0.1␮F
VIN
1Vp-p
RT
VEE
CLKIN
(1Vp-p)
GND
AD9070
AIN
500⍀
D9
510⍀
(OR 100⍀ TO –2V)
(MSB) D9
500⍀
VREF OUT
AD9070
0.1␮F
GND
AIN
0.1␮F
VREF IN
–5V
ENCODE
RT
ENCODE
10k⍀
1k⍀
3k⍀
COMP
REF
VEE BYPASS
–5V
0.1␮F
0.1␮F
–5V
D0
510⍀
(OR 100⍀ TO –2V)
ENCODE
ENCODE
ENCODE
0.1␮F
(LSB) D0
ENCODE
Figure 7. Single-Ended ENCODE: AC-Coupled
–5V
In single-ended mode, the ENCODE input must be tied to an
appropriate reference voltage, generally midway between the
high and the low levels of the incoming logic signal. Many
ECL circuits provide a VBB reference voltage intended for
this purpose. If a reference voltage is produced by dividing
the power supply voltage, any noise on the supply used will
couple to the clock input and then to the output data. This is
REV. C
Figure 8. AD9070 in –5 V (ECL) Environment
–9–
AD9070
Figure 9 shows typical connections for the analog inputs when
using the AD9070 in a dc-coupled system with single-ended
signals. The AD820 is used to offset the ground referenced
input signal to the level required by the AD9070. A very high
performance amplifier, such as the AD9631, is required to avoid
degrading the analog signal presented to the ADC. A buffered
ac interface is easily implemented, with even fewer components
(Figure 10).
–5V
350⍀
+5V
VEE
350⍀
VIN
ⴞ0.5V
AD9631
–5V
AD9070
0.1␮F
1k⍀
Voltage Reference
A stable and accurate –2.5 V voltage reference is built into the
AD9070 (VREF OUT) in the SOIC (BR) package. In normal
operation, the internal reference is used by strapping Pins 3
and 4 of the AD9070 together. The internal reference can
provide 100 µA of extra drive current that may be used for
other circuits.
Some applications may require greater accuracy, improved
temperature performance or adjustment of the gain of the
AD9070, which cannot be obtained by using the internal
reference. For these applications, an external –2.5 V reference
can be connected to VREF IN, which requires 5 µA of drive
current (Figure 11).
GND
AIN
RT
The input is protected to one volt outside of the power supply
rails. For nominal power (–5 V and ground), the analog input
will not be damaged with signals ranging from –6.0 V to +1.0 V.
–5V
1k⍀
AIN
AD820
–5V 0.1␮F
1k⍀
VEE
VREF OUT
NC
VREF IN
+VIN
0.1␮F
AD9070
AD780
VOUT
GND
VREF IN
1.25k⍀
Figure 9. DC-Coupled Input
GND
VREF OUT
0.1␮F
–5V
–5V
Figure 11. Using the AD780 Voltage Reference
350⍀
VIN
1Vp-p
350⍀
+5V
VEE
0.1␮F
The input range can be adjusted by varying the reference voltage
applied to the AD9070. No appreciable degradation in performance occurs when the reference is adjusted ± 4%. The fullscale range of the ADC tracks reference voltage changes linearly.
GND
AIN
RT
0.1␮F
AD9631
500⍀
–5V
500⍀
AD9070
AIN
Timing
0.1␮F
The performance of the AD9070 is insensitive to the duty cycle
of the clock over a wide range of operating conditions: pulsewidth variations of as much as ± 20% will cause no degradation
in performance (see TPC 9).
VREF OUT
VREF IN
0.1␮F
Figure 10. AC-Coupled Input
Special care was taken in the design of the analog input section
of the AD9070 to prevent damage and corruption of data when
the input is overdriven. The nominal input range is –1.988 V
to –3.012 V (1.024 V p–p centered at –2.5 V). Out-of-range
comparators detect when the analog input signal is out of this
range and set the OR output signal HIGH. The digital outputs are locked at plus or minus full scale (1FFh or 200h) for
voltages that are out of range but between –1 V and –5 V. Input
voltages outside of this range may result in invalid codes at the
ADCs output.
The AD9070 provides latched data outputs, with three pipeline
delays. Data outputs are available one propagation delay (tPD)
after the rising edge of the encode command (Figure 1). The
length of the output data lines and loads placed on them should
be minimized to reduce transients within the AD9070; these
transients can detract from the converter’s dynamic performance.
The minimum guaranteed conversion rate of the AD9070 is
40 MSPS. At clock rates below 40 MSPS, dynamic performance
may degrade. The AD9070 will operate in bursts, but the user
must flush the internal pipeline each time the clock restarts.
Valid data will be produced on the fourth rising edge of the
ENCODE signal after the clock is restarted.
When the analog input signal returns to the nominal range, the
out-of-range comparators return the ADC to its active mode
and the device recovers in approximately 3 ns.
–10–
REV. C
AD9070
5 V Operation
Package Options
The AD9070 may be operated above ground, with a single 5 V
power supply. All power supply ground pins are connected to
5 V, and VEE pins are connected to ground (Figure 12). Care must
be taken in connecting signals and determining bypass rails.
The AD9070 is available in two packages. The BR package is a
standard 28-lead Small Outline IC (SOIC). The DIP package is
a ceramic Dual-in-Line Hybrid. The SOIC is offered in a commercial grade, and specified over the industrial (–40°C to +85°C)
temperature range. The DIP is a full MIL-PRF-38534 QML
version that operates from (–55°C to +125°C).
The reference voltage (REF OUT) is still generated with respect
to the positive rail, which is now 5 V. It is nominally 2.5 V, but
its voltage with respect to ground will vary directly with changes
in the power supply voltage (for example, if the power supply
goes to 5.1 V, the reference becomes 2.6 V). The reference
input is likewise processed with respect to 5 V. This dictates
that these pins be bypassed to 5 V as well. However, the COMP
and REF BYPASS pins must continue to be bypassed to the
most negative supply, which is now ground. The AIN input
must still be connected or bypassed to the ground reference of
the input signal.
The SOIC version includes the on-chip voltage reference, whereas
the DIP does not. The DIP, however, provides the Overrange
(OR) output, and includes reference and power supply bypassing, along with an internal compensation capacitor.
Equivalent performance may be obtained with either part though,
due to the internal bypassing, the DIP is not as sensitive to
board layout and parasitics.
5V
0.1␮F
VIN
1Vp-p
GND
AIN
RT
500⍀
AD9070
AIN
10␮H
(MSB) D9
D9
510⍀
(OR 100⍀ TO +3V)
(LSB) D0
D0
510⍀
(OR 100⍀ TO +3V)
VREF OUT
0.1␮F
VREF IN
0.1␮F
5V
ENCODE
ENCODE
ENCODE
ENCODE
COMP
0.1␮F
REF
VEE BYPASS
0.1␮F
Figure 12. AD9070 in 5 V (PECL) Environment
REV. C
–11–
AD9070
Encode
AD9070BR EVALUATION BOARD
E1
E2
E3
AIN
1k⍀
50⍀
AD780 REFERENCE
VREF OUT
1 OF 2
10H176
HEX D FF
VREF IN
1k⍀
COMP
–5V
BYPASS
TO CARD
CONNECT
AIN
AIN
AD9070
1 OF 4
10H116
Data Out
ENC ENC
J2
10H176
ECL
RECVR
E4
E6
E19
J4
Data goes single-ended into the 10H116 flip flops but comes
out differentially. The data coming out of the AD9070 is in
two’s complement format, but is changed to straight binary by
inverting the MSB at the connector (on the schematic Bit 1 and
Bit 1B are swapped).
CLK
50⍀
PIN 2
CLKB
E8
50⍀
E9
BUFFERED
AND
LATCHED
ON-CARD
ENCODE E7
The AD9070 encode inputs can be driven single-ended (connect
E9 to E19 and drive J2 with an ECL signal) or differentially
(connect E8 to E19 and drive J2 and J4 with differential ECL
signals). The board is shipped in single ended configuration. The
differential encode signal leaving the board via the connector
can be inverted by interchanging E4, E5, E6, and E7 (connect
E4 to E7 and E5 to E6 or E4 to E6 and E7 to E5). This ensures
that the user will be able to capture the data coming from the
evaluation board.
Voltage Reference
The AD9070 can be operated using its internal bandgap reference
(connect E2 to E3) or the on board AD780 external reference
(connect E1 to E3). The board is shipped utilizing the internal
voltage reference.
CARD
CONNECTOR
E5
PIN 21
Layout
Figure 13.
The AD9070 evaluation board is a convenient and easy way to
evaluate the performance of the AD9070 in the SOIC package.
The board consists of an AD780 voltage reference (configured
for –2.5 V), two 10H176 (hex D flip flop) for capturing data
from the A/D converter and five 10H116 triple line receivers for
buffering the encode signal and driving the data via the edge
connector. Termination resistors (RP11, RP12, and RP14) are
provided for the data leaving the board via the connector; (they
can be removed if termination resistors are already provided by
the user).
Analog Input
The evaluation board requires a 1 V peak-to-peak signal centered
at ground (J1). This signal is ac-coupled and then dc shifted
–2.5 V before it is input to the A/D converter.
The AD9070 is not layout-sensitive if some important guidelines
are met. The evaluation board layout provides an example where
these guidelines have been followed to optimize performance.
•
Provide a good ground plane connecting the analog and
digital sections.
•
Excellent bypassing is essential. Chip caps with 0.1 µF values
and 0603 dimensions are placed flush against the pins. Placing
any of the caps on the bottom of the board can degrade
performance. These techniques reduce the amount of parasitic
inductance which can impact the bypassing ability of the caps.
•
Separate power planes and supplies for the analog and digital
sections are recommended.
The AD9070 evaluation board is provided as a design example
for customers of Analog Devices. ADI makes no warranties
express, statutory, or implied regarding merchantability or
fitness for a particular purpose.
–12–
REV. C
REV. C
U2
AD780N
1
C2
1␮F
TB1
R1
1.25k⍀
–5V
GND
TB2
NC
2
+VIN
3
TEMP
4
GND
8
OP
NC 7
VOUT 6
TRIM 5
10PT - 5.2
RP14
10PT - 5.2
RP15
10PB - 5.2
RP17
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
ADRB
ADR
BIT1
BIT1B
BIT2B
BIT2
BIT3B
BIT3
BIT4B
BIT4
BIT5B
BIT5
BIT6B
BIT6
BIT7B
BIT7
BIT8B
BIT8
BIT9B
BIT9
BIT10B
BIT10
DR
DRB
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
E2
–13–
Figure 14. Evaluation Board Schematic
R5
50⍀
R4
1k⍀
C4
0.1␮F
C3
0.1␮F
R2
50⍀
ENCB
CLK
9
R10
50⍀
ENC
7
6
U11
10H116
10
CLKB
BNC
J4
E19
E8
R3
50⍀
E9
11
U11
10H116
U1
AD9070BR
C16
0.1␮F
3
VREFOUT
4
VREFIN
5
COMP (MSB) D9
6
D8
C6
REF
R6
C7
D7
0.1␮F
BYPASS
1.0k⍀
0.1␮F
D6
–5V
–5V
D5
9
AIN
D4
10
AIN
D3
13
ENCODE
D2
14
ENCODE
D1
(LSB) D0
–5V 1 VEE
7
VEE
–5V
GND
12 V
–5V
EE
GND
2
GND
GND
GND 11 GND
GND 8 GND
U11
10H116
12
15
CLK
DR
14
CLKB13
DRB
U11
10H116
4
3
CLKB
2
CLK 5
5 D0
6 D1
7
D2
10 D3
11 D4
12
D5
9 CLK
LCLK
VEE 21
VEE 23
28
27
26
25
24
19
18
17
16
15
D2
D2
D1
D1
D0
D0
C37DRPF
CON1
Q2 15 BIT1
14
BIT2B
Q2
E4
7
Q1
6
E5
Q1
3 BIT1
Q0
2
BIT2B
Q0
11
VBB
22
GND
20
GND
LCLK
6PB - 5.2
RP9
2
3
4
5
6
LCLK
5
6
7
10
11
12
9
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
CLK
8PB - 5.2
RP2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
GND
C42
0.1␮F
C38
0.1␮F
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
GND
C18
0.1␮F
–5V
C39
0.1␮F
C20
0.1␮F
C52
0.1␮F
C40
0.1␮F
C43
0.1␮F
C22
0.1␮F
C32
0.1␮F
C34
0.1␮F
C35
0.1␮F
C23
0.1␮F
C24
0.1␮F
C25
0.1␮F
C26
C29
0.1␮F 0.1␮F
D1
D0
D0
15
BIT5
Q2
14
Q2
BIT5B
7
Q1
BIT3
6
BIT3B
Q1
3
Q0
BIT4
2
Q0
BIT4B
VBB 11
C14
0.1␮F
Q0
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q5
2
Q6
3
Q7
4
Q8
13
Q9
14
Q10
15
13
12
10
Q6
9
5
Q7
4
Q8
D2
Q2
D2
D1
Q2
Q1
D1
D0
Q1
Q0
Q0
VBB
D0
15
BIT8
14
BIT8B
7
BIT6
6
BIT6B
3
BIT7
2
BIT7B
11
C12
0.1␮F
U10
10H116
13
12
10
9
5
Q9
4
D2
D2
D1
D1
D0
D0
GND 1
2
ADRB
3
BIT1B
4
BIT2B
5
BIT3B
6
BIT4B
BIT5B 7
8
BIT6B
9
BIT7B
10
BIT8B
BIT9B 11
BIT10B 12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
GND
20
ADR 21
BIT1B 22
BIT2 23
BIT3 24
25
BIT4
26
BIT5
BIT6 27
BIT7 28
BIT8 29
30
BIT9
31
BIT10
32
33
34
35
36
37
15
BIT10
14
BIT10B
7
6
Q1 3
BIT9
Q0
2
BIT9B
Q0
VBB 11
Q2
Q2
Q1
C11
0.1␮F
C44
0.1␮F
C28
0.1␮F
D2
D2
D1
U9
10H116
Q10
LCLK
GND
C58
C37
0.1␮F 10␮F
13
12
Q3 10
9
5
Q4
4
Q5
R15
260⍀
GND
GND
2
Q1
3
Q2
4
Q3
13
Q4
14
Q5
15
E6
ADRB
E7 ADR
–5.2V
GND
AD9070
8PB - 5.2
RP1
Q0
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q5
–5.2
ENC
ENCB
C15
0.1␮F
U8
10H116
U15
10H176
R16
160⍀
C17
0.1␮F
13
Q2
12
10
DR
DRB 9
5
Q1
4
U5
10H176
C8
0.1␮F
C41
0.1␮F
Q6
Q7
Q8
Q9
Q10
GND
U7
10H116
E1
E3
GND
BNC
J2
10PT - 5.2
RP12
–5V
–5.2V
GND
BNC
J1
10PT - 5.2
RP11
AD9070
Figure 15. Component Side
Figure 17. Bottom Side Trace + Components
Figure 18. Analog/Digital Split Power Plane
Figure 16. Component Side Signal Traces
–14–
REV. C
AD9070
Table II. Evaluation Board Bill of Materials
Item
Qty
Refd
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
5
2
4
1
2
3
1
1
10
24
10H116 – TRIPLE DIFFERENTIAL LINE RECEIVER
10H176 – 10KH HIGH SPEED ECL
10PT-5.2 – 10P TER RES NTWK
6PB-5.2 – 6P BUSED RES NTWK
8291Z2 – 2-PIN TERMINAL BLOCK
8PB-5.2 – 8P BUSED RES NTWK
AD780N – HIGH PREC VOLT REF
AD9070R – AD9070 SOIC ECL ADC
BCAP0603 – CER CHIP CAP 0603, 0.1 µF
BCAP0805 – CER CHIP CAP 0805, 0.1 µF
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
2
3
1
1
2
1
4
1
U7–U11
U5, U15
RP11, RP12, RP14, RP15
RP9
TB1, TB2
RP1, RP2, RP7
U2
U1
C3, C4, C6, C7, C8, C32, C34, C35, C37, C52
C11, C12, C14–C18, C20, C22–C26, C28,
C38–C44
C29, C58
J1, J2, J4
R1
R16
R4, R6
R15
R2, R3, R5, R10
CON1
19
20
1
10
C2
E1–E9, E19
REV. C
–15–
BCAPTAJD – CHIP TANT CAP, 10 µF
BNC – BNC COAX CONN PCMT
BRES1206 – SURF MT RES 1206, 1.25 kΩ
BRES1206 – SURF MT RES 1206, 160 Ω
BRES1206 – SURF MT RES 1206, 1 kΩ
BRES1206 – SURF MT RES 1206, 260 Ω
BRES1206 – SURF MT RES 1206, 50 Ω
C37DRPF – 37P D CONN RT ANG PLASTIC PCMT
FEMALE
T330A – TANT CAP, 1 µF
W-HOLE – WIRE HOLE
AD9070
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions shown in inches and (mm).
28–Lead SOIC
(R–28)
15
1
14
PIN 1
0.1043 (2.65)
0.0926 (2.35)
0.0500
(1.27)
BSC
0.0118 (0.30)
0.0040 (0.10)
0.2992 (7.60)
0.2914 (7.40)
0.4193 (10.65)
0.3937 (10.00)
28
C00565a–0–7/01(C)
0.7125 (18.10)
0.6969 (17.70)
0.0291 (0.74)
x 45°
0.0098 (0.25)
8° 0.0500 (1.27)
0.0192 (0.49)
0° 0.0157 (0.40)
SEATING 0.0125 (0.32)
0.0138 (0.35)
PLANE 0.0091 (0.23)
28-Lead Hermetic Ceramic DIP
(DH-28)
28
15
0.595 ± 0.010
(15.11 ± 0.25)
1
PIN 1 IDENTIFIERS
0.225
(5.72)
MAX
14
0.050 ± 0.010
(1.27 ± 0.25)
1.400 ± 0.014
(35.56 ± 0.35)
0.150
(3.81)
MIN
0.018 ± 0.002
(0.46 ± 0.05)
0.100 (2.54) 0.05 (1.27)
TYP
TYP
SEATING
PLANE
0.010 ± 0.002
(0.25 ± 0.05)
0.600 (15.24)
REF
Location
Page
Data Sheet changed from REV. B to REV. C.
Edit to ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
–16–
REV. C
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
AD9070–Revision History
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