Pilot guide

Pilot guide
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Page 42
Bendix/King
Silver Crown Plus™
Avionics Systems
Pilot’s Guide
Audio Panel Systems
Communication Transceivers
Nav/Comm Systems
Navigation Receiver
DME Systems
ADF System
Transponders
N
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The information contained in this manual is for reference use only. If any
information contained herein conflicts with similar information contained in the Airplane Flight Manual Supplement, the information in the
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement shall take precedence.
WARNING
Prior to export of this document, review for export license requirement is needed.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
©1998 - 2002 Honeywell International Inc.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction of this publication or any portion thereof by any means without
the express written permission of Honeywell International Inc. is prohibited.
For further information contact the Manager, Technical Publications;
Honeywell Business & General Aviation; One Technology Center; 23500 West
105th Street; Olathe, Kansas 66061. Telephone: (913) 782-0400.
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Page TCI
Table of Contents
Bendix/King Silver Crown Plus™
Avionics Systems Pilot’s Guide
TABLE OF CONTENTS
KMA 26 Audio Amplifier/Intercom/Marker Beacon Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
KMA 28 Audio Amplifier/Intercom/Marker Beacon Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
KY 196A, KY 197A and KY 196B VHF Communications Transceivers . . . . . . . . .11
KX 155A and KX 165A VHF Communication/Navigation Transceiver . . . . . . . . . .15
KN 53 Silver Crown TSO’d Navigation Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
KN 62A and KN 64 TSO’d Silver Crown Digital DMEs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
KR 87 Silver Crown ADF System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
KT 76C Bendix/King Panel-Mounted Transponder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
KT 70 and KT 71 Panel-Mounted Transponders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
KT 73 Mode S, Datalink Transponder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
ATTENTION
The operation of the GPS Navigation, Multi-Function Display and/or Traffic
Information Services components of your particular Silver Crown Plus System
are covered in separate publications. Choose the publication pertaining to your
installation from the list below:
Description
Publication Part Number
KMD 150 Multi-Function Display/GPS
006-18220-0000
KLN 94 GPS Navigation System
006-18207-0000
KLN 89B GPS Navigation System
006-08786-0000
KLN 90B GPS Navigation System
006-08772-0000
KMD 550/850 Traffic Addendum
006-18238-0000
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Page 1
KMA 26
KMA 26
Audio Amplifier/Intercom/Marker Beacon Receiver
KMA 26 Operation
Photocell for automatic
dimming of Marker Beacon
lights and Audio Select
buttons
Marker Beacon
Lights
Marker Beacon
sensitivity and
Lamp Test switch
Microphone
Selector Switch
Speaker
Select Switch
Audio Select Buttons
Intercom Mode
Select Switch
Marker
Mute Button
Green LED’s
Illuminate when an
Audio Source is
selected
Monitor Select Button
Audio Select Buttons
Passenger Intercom
Crew Intercom Volume Knob
Volume Knob
(rotate) and Intercom VOX
Sensitivity Set Switch (push)
KMA 26 Control Function
Transmitter and
Automatic Receiver Selection
The Microphone Selector Switch is
a rotary switch used to select the
desired transmitter for the cockpit
microphones. The “C1”, “C2”, and “C3”
positions are for transmitting on the
Com 1, Com 2, and Com 3 communications transceivers, respectively. The
“EMG” (emergency) position is used to
bypass the KMA 26’s audio amplifier
and directly connects Com 1 to the
pilot’s microphone and headphones.
This provides a fail-safe method of
communication should the unit fail.
The “PA” position may be selected
when the aircraft is configured with the
KMA 26 driving a dedicated passenger
address speaker.
The KMA 26 has an “Auto Com”
feature which always provides automatic headphone audio selection to match
the Com transmitter in use. Thus, you
may change the Microphone Selector
Switch without having to reselect the
corresponding Com receiver button in
order to hear the receiver. For example, if “C1” is selected on the
Microphone Selector Switch, you will
receive transmissions on Com 1
through headphones and also transmit
on Com 1 when you key the mic.
Notice that as you rotate the
Microphone Selector Switch from “C1”
to “C2” to “C3”, the bottom of the
respective Audio Select Button displays
a green illumination to show that the
corresponding receiver has been
selected. To add speaker audio simply
push the Speaker Select Switch (inner
right knob) to the “in” position. Pulling
the switch to the “out” position removes
speaker audio.
Additional Receiver Selection
In addition to the receiver selected
by the “Auto Com” feature described
above, other receivers may be selected
by pushing the corresponding Audio
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
Select Buttons. Push button audio
selection is available for three
Communications receivers (“COM1”,
“COM2”, and “COM3”), two Navigation
receivers (“NAV1” and “NAV2”), the
internal Marker Beacon receiver
(“MKR”), one DME, one ADF, and one
additional auxiliary receiver (“AUX”).
The “AUX” position could be used, for
example, for a second DME or ADF.
When a receiver’s audio is selected,
the green annunciator illuminates at the
bottom of the button. Push the button
again to deselect the receiver’s audio.
Volume for receivers is adjusted from
the individual receiver itself, not from
the KMA 26. Note that some receivers
such as DME and marker beacon
(“MKR”) may not have volume adjustments available to the pilot but these
radios usually may be adjusted at an
Honeywell Sales and Service Center.
Monitor Function
With the Monitor (“MONI” button)
function activated, if Com 1 is selected
on the Microphone Selector Switch
then Com 2 audio is automatically routed to the speaker. Likewise, if Com 2
is selected on the Microphone Selector
Switch then Com 1 audio is routed to
the speaker. This feature may be used,
for example, if you are listening to ATC
on Com 1 through the headphones and
wish to monitor ATIS information from
Com 2 in the background through the
speaker. With the Microphone Selector
Switch in the Com 1 position for ATC
communications, pressing the “MONI”
button routes Com 2 (tuned to ATIS)
audio through the speaker. Pressing
the “MONI” button again will disable the
feature.
When the Monitor function is initially
selected, the green annunciators in the
“MONI” button and in the button for the
Com being monitored flash for approximately five seconds. At the end of this
time the “MONI” annunciation remains
on steady while the Com annunciation
returns to its previous state (usually
off). The Monitor function is only
2
usable when Com 1 or Com 2 is selected on the Microphone Selector Switch.
Marker Beacon Receiver
The complete TSO’d three-light
marker beacon receiver built into the
KMA 26 gives you an accurate visual
and aural signal when you pass over a
75 MHz beacon. The blue, amber, and
white lights on the faceplate, as well as
the audio tones, identify the beacon
type (outer, middle, or inner/airway
marker, respectively).
The “MKR” Audio Select button
must be pushed so that the green
annunciator is illuminated for the marker beacon receiver to provide an audio
signal at beacon passage. The toggle
switch on the upper left side on the
faceplate provides the choice of two
receiver sensitivities. When the switch
is in the “HI SENS” (upper) position the
high sensitivity is selected which permits you to hear the outer marker tone
about a mile from the marker beacon
transmitter. At this point you may
select the “LO SENS” (middle) position
to temporarily silence the tone. It will
start to sound again when you are closer to the marker, giving you a more precise indication of its location. Many
pilots choose to leave the switch in the
low sensitivity position.
Holding the toggle switch in the
“TEST” position simply applies voltage
to all three marker lamps in the unit
and any external marker lights. The
“TEST” position is spring loaded so that
when the toggle switch is released it
returns to the “LO SENS” position.
The photocell in the faceplate automatically dims the marker lights as well
as the green annunciators in the Audio
Select Buttons for night operation.
When marker audio is heard, the
pilot may momentarily push the Marker
Mute Button, if desired, to silence the
marker audio while the aircraft is passing over this marker beacon. The
marker audio will automatically be reset
so that it will be heard when passing
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KMA 26
over the next marker beacon. The
Marker Mute Button has no effect on
the Marker Beacon Lamps.
Intercom
The KMA 26 contains a very versatile built-in six station intercom.
Intercom operation is normally installed
to be voice activated (VOX), where the
intercom becomes active automatically
when a crew member or passenger
begins to speak. It may optionally be
installed for keyed activation, where a
separate microphone switch must be
keyed to activate the intercom.
In order to set the proper VOX sensitivity, momentarily press and release
the left inner knob when no one is
speaking into their microphones. The
VOX sensitivity should be set if a background hissing sound is heard in the
headphones or if intercom communications are “clipped”, i.e. the first syllable
is lost during intercom operation. The
VOX sensitivity may need to be reset
when there is a large change in the
noise level in the cockpit or cabin. The
VOX level should also be reset each
time power is applied to the KMA 26.
NOTE: To properly set the VOX sensitivity make sure that no one is speaking into
the microphone. The pilot may wish to
put the intercom in the “ALL” position to
ensure that there is no microphone activity before momentarily pushing the left
inner knob. In addition, make sure that
none of the microphones are in a position
to pick up extraneous noise such as wind
noise from an open window/vent or vibration from laying on an instrument panel or
against a window. It is highly recommended that any unused headsets be
unplugged.
The intercom has three modes:
“ALL”, “CREW”, and “PILOT,” which are
selected with the toggle switch on the
lower left side of the faceplate. In the
“ALL” position the pilot, copilot and passengers are all on the same intercom
“loop” and everyone hears the radios.
In the “CREW” position the pilot and
copilot are on one intercom loop and
can hear the radios while the passengers have their own dedicated intercom
and do not hear the radios. In the
“PILOT” mode the pilot hears the radios
but is isolated from the intercom while
the copilot and passengers are on the
same intercom loop and do not hear
the radios.
When either the “ALL” and “CREW”
intercom modes are selected, the pilot’s
and copilot’s intercom volume is controlled by rotating the Crew Intercom
Volume Knob (left inner knob) while the
passenger’s volume is controlled by
rotating the Passenger Intercom
Volume Knob (left outer knob). When
the “PILOT” intercom mode is selected,
the copilot’s and passenger’s volume is
controlled with the Passenger Intercom
Volume Knob. Remember, the volume
knobs on the KMA 26 control intercom
volume only, not the receivers’ volume.
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
Auxiliary Music Inputs
The KMA 26 can accommodate two
music inputs for the listening enjoyment
of crew and passengers. The music
input is muted quickly when radio communications are received and then
gradually returns to its previous volume. The KMA 26 can also be config-
ured at the time of installation to either
have or not have the music be muted
by intercom conversation. Table 1 outlines music input operation during the
three intercom modes for a system
having two music inputs. If there is
only one music source it is usually
installed as music 1 but it may be wired
as either music 1 or music 2.
INTERCOM MODE
PILOT HEARS
COPILOT HEARS
PILOT
NO MUSIC
MUSIC #1
PASSENGERS
HEAR
MUSIC #1
CREW
MUSIC #2
MUSIC #2
MUSIC #1
ALL
MUSIC #1
MUSIC #1
MUSIC #1
Intercom Mode
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KMA 28
KMA 28
Audio Amplifier/Intercom/Marker Beacon Receiver
Marker Beacon
Indicator Lamps
O M I
Marker Beacon Sensitivity &
Test/Mute Select
HI
LO
T/M
Receive Audio Selectors
Com 1
Nav 1
MKR
ADF
DME
Com 2
Nav 2
ICS
AUX
SPR
Mic Selector
COM 1
COM 2
TEL
COM 3
V
O
L
PUSH
OFF/EMG
ISO
ALL
CREW
1
Mounting Screw
Intercom Volume Intercom Mode Select
KMA 28 TSO
Speaker Switch
Photocell
Crew ICS/Music 1 Mute
COM 1/2
COM 2/1
Transmit
Swap
Swap Indicator
Transmit Indicator
KMA 28 Control Function
KMA 28 Operation
Key "click"
Receive Audio Selectors
The KMA 28 is equipped with an
electronic "click" to provide additional
feedback for button operation. To activate the key click, push and hold
BOTH COM 1 and COM 2 receiver buttons for five seconds, and release.
Repeat to defeat the click.
Receiver audio is selected through
two momentary and six latched, pushbutton, backlit switches. Com 1 and
Com 2 are the momentary switches.
Because the rotary microphone
selector switch controls what transceiver is being heard, the Com l and Com
2 push-buttons are of the momentary
type and do not remain in when selected. This is also part of the "auto" function. You will always hear the audio
from the transceiver that is selected for
transmit by the rotary mic selector
switch.
The users can identify which
receivers are selected by noting which
of the green switch LEDs are illuminated. Push buttons labeled Nav 1, Nav 2,
DME, MKR (Marker), ADF, AUX (auxiliary), and SPR (Speaker) are "latched"
type switches. When one of these buttons is pressed, it will stay in the "in"
position. Press the switch again and it
be in the "out" position and remove that
receiver from the audio.
Speaker Amplifier
The "SPR" in the push-button section stands for speaker. This switch will
place all selected audio on the cockpit
speaker when this switch is selected.
Public Address (PA) Function
The KMA 28 has a public address
capability when an optional external PA
switch is installed. When this switch is
put into the PA position, the pilot's
microphone is placed on a speaker output. The copilot can continue to use
the selected Com radio.
When this PA function is installed a
separate cabin speaker (rather than the
cockpit speaker) is usually utilized to
prevent feedback.
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
Power Switch /Emergency
(EMG) Operation
Unit power is turned on and off by
pushing the volume knob. In the off or
"Emergency" position, the pilot is connected directly to Com 1. This allows
communication capability regardless of
unit condition. Any time power is
removed or turned off, the audio selector will be placed in the emergency
mode.
The power switch also controls the
audio selector panel functions, intercom, and marker beacon receiver.
Unless the mic selector is in Com 3
mode, at least one of the selected
audio LEDs will be on (Com 1 or Com
2).
Microphone Selector
When the mic selector switch is in
the Com 1 position, both pilot and copilot will be connected to the Com l transceiver. Only the person who presses
their Push To Talk (PTT), will be heard
over the aircraft radio. Turning the
rotary switch to the Com 2 position will
place pilot and copilot on Com 2.
The KMA 28 gives priority to the
pilot's PTT. If the copilot it transmitting,
and the pilot presses his PTT, the
pilot's microphone will be heard over
the selected com transmitter.
Turning the mic selector fully counterclockwise places the pilot and copilot
on Com 3. Com 3 receive audio is
automatically placed in the headset
(and speaker if selected). Com 1 and/or
Com 2 receiver audio can be selected
to monitor those transceivers.
The KMA 28 has an automatic
selector mode. Audio from the selected
transceiver is automatically heard in the
headsets and speaker. You can check
this function by switching from Com 1
to Com 2 and watch the selected audio
light on the selector change from COM
1 to COM 2. This ensures the pilot will
always hear the audio from the trans6
ceiver he is transmitting on.
When transmitting, the COM 1 or
COM 2 LED in the KMA 28 audio
selector will blink as a further indication
of the selected transmitter.
When switching the mic selector
rotary switch from Com 1 to Com 2,
while Com 2 audio had been selected,
Com 1 audio will continue to be heard.
This eliminates the pilot having to
switch Com 1 audio back on, if desired.
When switching from Com 1 to Com 2
while Com 2 has NOT been selected,
Com 1 audio will be switched off. In
essence, switching the mic selector will
not effect the selection of Com audio.
Swap Mode (Switch from Com 1 to
Com 2 remotely)
With an optional yoke mounted,
momentary switch, the pilot can change
from the current Com transceiver to the
other by depressing this switch. When
"Swap Mode" is active, an annunciator
in the lower right corner of the unit will
illuminate, indicating that the mic selector switch position is no longer current .
To cancel "Swap Mode," the pilot may
either press the yoke mounted switch
again, or turn the mic selector switch to
the Com that is active.
Split Mode
Turning the rotary switch to Com
1/Com 2 places the KMA 28 into "Split
Mode." This places the pilot on Com 1
and the copilot on Com 2. An example
of this useful feature is when the pilot
may want to talk to Air Traffic Control,
while the copilot may be speaking to
Flight Watch. Although this mode has
limitations (see below) we believe you
will find this to be a useful feature.
Switching to Com 2/Com l will
reverse the "Split Mode" radio selection. The pilot will be on Com 2 and the
copilot will be on Com 1.
Note: Due to the nature of VHF communications signals, and the size constraints
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KMA 28
in general aviation aircraft, it is probable that there will be some bleed-over
in the Split mode, particularly on adjacent frequencies. In addition, if the
Com radios in the installation utilize a
"transmit interlock" system, the split
mode may not work properly unless the
interlock feature is disabled.
Note: Honeywell makes no expressed or
implied guarantee regarding the suitability
of Split Mode in a given installation.
Note: Split Mode does not turn off other
(Nav, ADF, etc.) selected audio to pilot.
However, the copilot will only hear the
selected communications receiver and
unswitched audio.
Split Mode ICS
In split mode, the pilot and copilot
are isolated from each other on the
intercom, simultaneously using their
respective radios. Depressing the ICS
button in Split Mode will activate VOX
intercom between the pilot and copilot
positions. This permits intercommunication when desired between the crew.
Pressing the ICS button again disables
this crew intercom function.
Telephone Mode
The "TEL" position, fully CW on the
mic selector switch, is the pilot's "hook"
switch. This is active only when the
system is interfaced to an appropriate
approved system, such as the AirCell™
system. Placing the mic selector in TEL
places the pilot microphone and headphones on the cellphone. The pilot PTT
will switch the pilot mic to the COM 1,
and allow continued aircraft communications as well.
NOTE: Placing the mic selector switch in
the TEL position will disable pilot and
copilot intercom, as the intercom circuit is
transferred to the telephone use. In crew
or ISO mode, placing the switch in TEL
mode removes the passengers access to
the telephone.
If interface is desired with another
type of wireless telecommunications
unit, the aircraft owner can purchase an
after-market interface cable. By Federal
Communications Commission (FCC)
regulations, these can only be used on
the ground in the United States.
Interface cables are available for
specific telephones. The following is a
partial list of available interface cables:
Compatible Phones
Audiovox Series 5
Motorola TeleTAC, DPC 550, DPC65,
Lite Series, Profile Series
Motorola Elite, M70, M75, SC-725
Motorola Bag Phones, Mobiles
NEC100 Series, 110, 120, 180, Sport
NEC 700 & 800 Series
OKI 900/910, AT&T 3730/3710
OKI 1150/1145, AT&T 3760
Fujitsu PCX
Mitsubishi 4000, DiamondTel
22X/20X/18X
NEC960
NEC DT2000 Digital Phone
NOTE: Unauthorized use of cellular telephone devices in aircraft is subject to
FCC enforcement action, which may
include a $10,000 fine per incident.
Honeywell , Inc. does not endorse using
unapproved cellular telephone equipment
in flight, and takes no responsibility for
the user's action.
Intercom System
‡ IntelliVox™ VOX-Squelch
No adjustment of the IntelliVox™
squelch control is necessary. Through
three individual signal processors, the
ambient noise appearing in all six
microphones is constantly being sampled. Non voice signals are blocked.
When someone speaks, only their
microphone circuit opens, allowing him
or her to communicate on the intercom.
‡ InteliVox™ is a registered trademark of PS Engineering, Inc. and is used by permission.
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
The system is designed to block
continuous tones; therefore people
humming or whistling in monotone may
be blocked after a few moments.
For best performance, the headset
microphone must be placed within º
inch of your lips, preferably against
them. It is also a good idea to keep the
microphone out of a direct wind path.
Moving your head through a vent air
stream may cause the IntelliVox™ to
open momentarily. This is normal.
For optimum microphone performance, Honeywell recommends installation of a Microphone Muff Kit from
Oregon Aero (1-800-888-6910). This
will not only optimize VOX acoustic performance, but will improve the overall
clarity of all your communications.
Volume Control
The volume control knob adjusts
the loudness of the intercom for the
pilot and copilot only. It has no effect on
selected radio levels, music input levels
or passengers' volume level.
Adjust the radios and intercom volume for a comfortable listening level for
the pilot. Most general aviation headsets today have built-in volume controls; therefore, passenger volume can
be adjusted at the headset.
Mono headsets in Stereo Installation
All passenger headsets are connected in parallel. Therefore, if a
monaural headset is plugged in to a
Stereo KMA 28 installation, one channel will be shorted. Although no damage to the unit will occur, all passengers will lose one channel.
Intercom Modes
The lower switch on the left side is
a 3-position mode switch that allows
the pilot to tailor the intercom function
to best meet the current cockpit situation.
8
ISO: (Up Position): The pilot is isolated from the intercom and is connected only to the aircraft radio system. He
will hear the aircraft radio reception
(and sidetone during radio transmissions). Copilot will hear passengers'
intercom and Entertainment 1, while
passengers will hear copilot intercom
and Entertainment 2. Neither will hear
aircraft radio receptions or pilot transmissions.
ALL: (Middle Position): All parties
will hear the aircraft radio and intercom.
Crew will hear Entertainment 1, passengers will hear Entertainment 2.
During any radio or intercom communications, the music volume automatically
decreases. The music volume increases gradually back to the original level
after communications have been completed.
CREW: Down Position): Pilot and
copilot are connected on one intercom
channel and have exclusive access to
the aircraft radios. They may also listen
to Entertainment 1. Passengers can
continue to communicate with themselves without interrupting the Crew
and also may listen to Entertainment 2.
Anytime the KMA 28 is in either the
Com 1/Com 2, Com 2/Com 1, ("Split
Mode"), the pilot and copilot intercom is
controlled with the ICS button. The passengers will maintain intercommunications, but never hear aircraft radios.
Entertainment Input
The audio selector panel has provisions for two separate entertainment
input devices. They operate independently in the KMA 28. The volume control does not affect music level.
While in the ISO (Isolate) mode, the
copilot will hear Entertainment 1 while
the four passengers will hear
Entertainment #2. The pilot will hear
Entertainment 1 at a level muted about
95%. In normal operation, whenever a
person speaks, or if the aircraft radio
becomes active, the music will auto-
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KMA 28
matically mute and then will gradually
return to the original listening level
when the intercom or radio conversation ceases.
When in the All mode, pilot and
copilot will hear Entertainment 1 input
while all passengers will hear the
Entertainment 2 source. While in the
Crew mode, pilot and copilot will hear
entertainment input #1 while the passengers may listen to entertainment
input #2.
Soft Mute and Soft Mute inhibit
The Soft Mute feature assures that
the aircraft radio transmissions will not
be missed due to entertainment playing. When there is radio reception or
intercom conversation, the music level
is dropped to a background level.
When the radio or intercom traffic ceases, the level gradually returns to normal.
The front panel ICS switch controls
muting of entertainment source #1.
Pushing this button places the ICS in
Karoake (or sing along) mode, which
inhibits the soft mute feature. This
allows the music to continue uninterrupted by intercom or radio traffic when
cockpit workload is appropriate.
Pushing the button again will release
the mute inhibit function.
The passenger music, source #2,
can be placed in the Karaoke mode if a
remote switch is installed in the aircraft..
Marker Beacon Operation
The Marker Beacon Receiver uses
visual and audio indicators to alert you
when the aircraft passes over a 75
MHz transmitter.
The audio from the Marker Beacon
Receiver can be heard by selecting the
Intercom Modes
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
"MKR" push-button switch.
A three-position switch is used to
set the receiver sensitivity and to test
the indicator lamps. Use "High" sensitivity initially. This allows you to hear
the outer marker beacon about a mile
out. Then select the "Low" sensitivity to
give you a more accurate location of
the Marker. When used only for
approach markers, many pilots choose
to leave the switch in the low sensitivity
position.
ger who places their switch into the offhook position will also have access to
the phone, and all four passengers will
hear the conversation.
In ISO intercom mode, when the
KMA 28 is in the TEL mode, the pilot
position is in the "Phone Booth." Only
the pilot will hear the telephone, and
only he will be heard. He will also have
access to Com 1, and will transmit on
that radio using the PTT. All selected
audio is provided.
The momentary down switch position is labeled "T/M" (Test/Mute) and
illuminates all three lamps simultaneously to assure they are in working
order.
In all cases, only the pilot (and copilot in ALL or CREW) will hear the cellphone ring. At that time they can chose
to allow a passenger to take the call, or
answer the phone.
The "T/M" position is also a Marker
Beacon "Mute" function. Pushing this
switch while receiving a marker beacon
signal will cause the audio to be temporarily silenced. No action is required
to restore the audio in time for the next
beacon.
Note: Because the phone uses an intercom circuit, all stations on that circuit will
lose intercom capability when it is in use.
Telephone Operation (if
equipped with approved
system)
Each intercom position has a "hook
switch." The pilot's hook switch is the
"TEL" mode on the mic selector, the
others are individual switches mounted
adjacent to the headset jacks.
When the intercom is in ALL mode,
the pilot can speak on the phone only if
the mic selector switch is in TEL position. All intercom positions will hear the
telephone conversation. Anyone who
places his or her switch into the "offhook" position will also be heard on the
phone. All will hear selected audio.
Com 1 audio is automatically heard in
the headsets. The pilot will have transmit capability on Com 1, simply by
using the PTT switch.
In CREW mode, the pilot and copilot may use the telephone, with their
respective hook switch (the pilot selects
TEL on the mic selector). Any passen10
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Page 11
KY 196A, KY 197A and KY 196B
KY 196A, KY 197A and KY 196B
VHF Communications Transceivers
KY 196A, KY 197A and KY 196B Operation.
Gas-Discharge displays
Photocell for
automatic dimming
“USE” window
shows active frequency
“T” indicates mike
button is
depressed for
transmission
Frequency transfer
“flip-flop” button
“STBY” window shows
stored or newlyentered standby frequencies
Channel
button
ON/OFF/Volume control switch. Pull out
for manual squelch
override.
Frequency selector knobs
KY 196A/197A
Gas-Discharge displays
Photocell for
automatic dimming
“STBY” window shows
stored or newlyentered standby frequencies
“USE” window
shows active frequency
8.33K
“T” indicates mike
button is
depressed for
transmission
Frequency transfer
“flip-flop” button
Channel
button
ON/OFF/Volume control switch. Pull out
for manual squelch
override.
Frequency selector knobs
KY 196B
Power up
When you turn the ON/OFF/Volume
knob clockwise to the “ON” position,
your unit will display the frequencies
last used in the “USE” and “STBY”
(standby) windows.
To override the automatic squelch,
pull the ON/OFF/Volume knob out and,
judging by static noise, rotate it to the
desired volume level. Push the knob
back in to activate the automatic
squelch.
NOTE: As with all avionics, the KY 196A,
KY 197A and KY 196B should be turned
on only after engine startup. This simple
precaution will help protect the solid-state
circuitry and extend the operating life of
your equipment.
11
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
Transmitting
During COMM transmissions, a “T”
will appear between the “USE” and
“STBY” windows to indicate the keying
of the microphone.
At the outside limits of the band, the
display will “wrap around” to the other
end of the band, going from 136MHz to
118MHz.
8.33K
KY 196A/197A Frequency Mode
(Normal Operation)
1. Select a new frequency in the
“STBY” window, using the frequency
selection knobs. The larger knob controls changes in increments of 1MHz.
The smaller knob controls changes in
increments of 50kHz when pushed in,
and 25kHz when pulled out.
At the outside limits of the band, the
display will “wrap around” to the other
end of the band, going from 136MHz to
118MHz.
2. Press the transfer button to activate
the new frequency. The newly entered
frequency in the “STBY” window flipflops with the frequency in the “USE”
window. This new frequency is now
available for use. An optional remotemounted frequency transfer button may
also be used to perform this “flip-flop”
function.
2. Press the transfer button to activate
the new frequency. The newly entered
frequency in the “STBY” window flipflops with the frequency in the “USE”
window. This new frequency is now
available for use. An optional remotemounted frequency transfer button may
also be used to perform this “flip-flop”
function.
8.33K
Program Mode
The Program Mode is used to program frequencies for use in the
Channel Mode.
1. Depress the channel (CHAN) button
for more than two seconds, until the
channel number (to the right of the
standby frequency) begins flashing.
The most recently used active frequency will remain displayed in the “USE”
window.
2. Turning either frequency selection
knob will change the channel.
KY 196B Frequency Mode
(Normal Operation)
1. Select a new frequency in the
“STBY” window, using the frequency
selection knobs. The larger knob controls changes in increments of 1MHz.
The smaller knob allows selection of
25kHz frequencies only when pushed
in, and both 8.33kHz and 25kHz frequencies when pulled out.
12
3. Once you’ve selected the desired
channel number, you may program a
new frequency by pressing the transfer
button. This will cause the frequency in
the “STBY” window to flash. The tuning knobs are now used to enter
desired frequency.
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Page 13
KY 196A, KY 197A and KY 196B
are displayed in the “CHAN” and
“STBY” windows.
4. To program additional channels,
push the transfer button again to make
the channel number flash, and repeat
step three above.
5. If you with to program fewer than
nine channels while skipping certain
channel numbers, rotate the MHZ frequency knob left or right beyond
136MHz or 118MHz. Dashes (---) will
appear in the “STBY” window, indicating that the channel will be skipped
when the system is operating in the
Channel Mode.
6. To exit the Program Mode, momentarily press the channel button. The
unit will also automatically exit the
Program Mode if no programming
occurs within approximately 20 seconds.
The Program-Secure Mode
The Program Secure Mode may be
used to lock a desired frequency to a
specific channel number, prohibiting
program changes from the front of the
unit. Your KY 196A, KY 197A or KY
196B should be taken to your
Bendix/King dealer for programming in
the Program Secure Mode.
Channel Mode
The Channel Mode is used to recall
preset frequencies stored in memory.
1. To enter the Channel Mode momentarily, push the channel button while in
the Frequency Mode. The active frequency remains displayed in the “USE”
window, and the last used channel
number and its associated frequency
If no channels have been programmed,
channel 1 automatically disappears and
dashes are displayed in the “STBY”
window.
2. Turn either frequency selection knob
to change the channel number and the
channel’s corresponding frequency in
the “STBY” window.
3. If there is no activity for five seconds,
the radio will exit the Channel Mode
and return to the Frequency Mode, with
the channel frequency remaining in the
“STBY” window.
4. You can also return to the Frequency
Mode by either:
a. Pressing the channel button before
the five-second delay, in which case the
radio recalls the “USE” and “STBY” frequencies prior to entering the Channel
Mode, or
b. Pressing the transfer button, so that
the channel frequency becomes the
active frequency and the last “USE” frequency becomes the new “STBY” frequency.
NOTE: If the optional remote channel
increment switch is installed, each activation of the switch will put the unit in the
Channel Mode and advance the channel
number from the previous channel used.
Direct Tune Mode
The Direct Tune Mode is entered by
pressing and holding the transfer button
for longer than two seconds. The
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
“STBY” frequency will disappear and
the frequency in the active window can
be changed with the frequency selection knobs.
123.60
118.90
Momentarily pushing the transfer
button will return the unit to the
Frequency Mode (normal operation).
The “STBY” frequency displayed prior
to entering the Direct Tune Mode will
return unchanged.
Default Mode
Turning on your KY 196A, KY 197A
or KY 196B while pressing the transfer
button will bring the unit up in the Direct
Tune Mode and install 120.00MHz or
120.000MHz (KY 196B) as the active
frequency. This will aid the pilot in blind
tuning the radio in the unlikely event of
display failure.
Display Adjust Modes
To enter the Display Adjust Mode,
press and hold the channel button until
the Program Mode is entered.
Continue holding the channel button
while simultaneously pressing and
holding the frequency transfer button
until “dA 1” replaces the frequency in
the “USE” window.
The frequency selector knobs are
used to change the value in the “STBY”
window. Momentarily pressing the
channel button steps the unit through
the Display Adjust Modes, “dA 1”
through “dA 3”. Press the frequency
14
transfer button to exit the Display
Adjust Mode.
Display Adjust 1 (dA 1) is used to
vary the dim/bright response time to
changes in ambient light on the display
photocell. The range of values for dA 1
is 1-8, with 1 representing normal.
The normal setting, 1, provides
immediate display brightness changes
when there are changes in the light
falling on the photocell. With dA 1 set
to a value of 8, the response time is
approximately eight seconds. dA 1 values of 2 through 7 provide intermediate
response times.
Display adjustment 2 (dA 2) is used
to vary the display brightness when
ambient light conditions are less than
direct sunlight, such as in a dark cockpit. dA 2 values range from 0-64, with
0 being dimmest and 64 being brightest; the normal dA 2 setting is 20.
dA 3 values range from 0 to 255,
with 0 being dimmest and 255 being
brightest. This adjustment varies the
amount of ambient light required for the
display to reach its full dim and bright
levels. Normal dA 3 values for a new
display range from 0 to 30.
A common use of dA 3 is to adjust
the KY 196A, KY 197A or KY 196B display brightness to match the brightness
of other radios’ displays. Another use
is to provide display brightness compensation as the display ages.
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KX 155A/165A
KX 155A and KX 165A
VHF Communication/Navigation Transceivers
KX 155A and KX 165A Operation (25 kHz Versions)
All controls required to operate the KX 155A and KX 165A are located on the unit front
panel.
“T” Indicates Mic Button is Being Depressed
“R” Indicates Squelch is Open by Received Signal
Active Comm
Frequency
Standby Comm
Frequency
Active Nav
Frequency
Standby Nav
Frequency
Photocell Provides
Automatic Display
Dimming
On/Off Comm
Volume Knob.
Pull to disable
Comm Receiver
Automatic Squelch.
Push in for
Automatic Squelch.
Comm Frequency
Transfer Button
Comm Frequency
Select Knobs
Channel
Button
Nav Frequency
Transfer Button
Nav Audio
Volume Control.
Pull to Hear
Morse Code
Nav Ident.
Nav Frequency
Select Knob
Nav Mode
Button
FIGURE 1A
KX 155A and KX 165A (25 kHz Versions) CONTROL FUNCTION
“T” Indicates Mic Button is Being Depressed
“R” Indicates Squelch is Open by Received Signal
Active Comm
Frequency
Standby Comm
Frequency
Active Nav
Frequency
Standby Nav
Frequency
6
On/Off Comm
Volume Knob.
Pull to disable
Comm Receiver
Automatic Squelch.
Push in for
Automatic Squelch.
Photocell Provides
Automatic Display
Dimming
8.33K
Comm Frequency
Transfer Button
Comm Frequency
Select Knobs
Channel
Button
Nav Audio
Volume Control.
Pull to Hear
Morse Code
Nav Ident.
Nav Frequency
Transfer Button
Nav Frequency
Select Knob
Nav Mode
Button
FIGURE 1B
KX 165A (8.33 kHz Versions) CONTROL FUNCTION
NOTE: The 25 kHz and 8.33 kHz versions of the KX 165A are distinguishable
from one another in two ways. The 25 kHz version has “PULL 25K” nomenclature below the Comm Frequency Select Knobs while the 8.33 version has
“PULL 8.33K”. In addition, the 25 kHz version has two digits to the right of the
decimal in the Comm frequency while the 8.33 kHz version has three digits to
the right of the decimal. The 8.33 kHz channel spacing is required for flight in
certain European (ICAO EUR Region) airspace.
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
COMM Transceiver
Rotate the VOL knob clockwise
from the OFF position. Pull the VOL
knob out and adjust for desired listening level. Push the VOL knob back in
to actuate the automatic squelch.
The left portion of the digital display
readout is allocated for COMM ACTIVE
and COMM STANDBY frequencies with
a “T” between them to indicate TRANSMIT and an “R” to indicate RECEIVE
modes of operation.
Select the desired operating frequency in the standby display by rotating the Frequency Select Knobs either
clockwise or counterclockwise. A clockwise rotation will increment the previous frequency while a counterclockwise
rotation will decrement the previous frequency.
The outer knob will change the
MHz portion of the standby display. At
one band-edge (118 or 136 MHz) the
following 1 MHz change will wrap
around to the other band-edge.
KX 155A and KX 165A 25 kHz Versions
The inner knob will change the kHz
portion of the standby display. It will
change in increments of 50 kHz when
the knob is pushed in and 25 kHz when
the knob is pulled out. The frequency
wrap around at the edge of the band is
also utilized when incrementing or
decrementing the kHz portion of the
standby display.
KX 165A 8.33 kHz Version
The inner knob will change the kHz
portion of the standby display. It allows
selection of 25 kHz frequencies only
when the knob is pushed in and both
8.33 kHz and 25 kHz frequencies when
the knob is pulled out. The frequency
wrap around at the edge of the band is
also utilized when incrementing or
decrementing the kHz portion of the
standby display.
To tune the radio to the desired
operating frequency, the desired frequency must be entered into the standby display (Figure 2) and then the
transfer button must be pushed. This
will trade the contents of the active and
standby displays (Figure 3).
NOTE: An optional remote mounted
transfer switch may also be installed in a
convenient location (such as the control
yoke) to perform the transfer operation.
The operating frequency can also
be entered by accessing the ACTIVE
ENTRY (direct tune) mode which is
done by pushing and holding the
COMM TRANSFER button for 2 or
more seconds. In the direct tune
mode, only the active part of the display is visible (Figure 4). The desired
frequency can be directly entered into
the display. Push the COMM TRANSFER button again to return to the
active/standby display.
FIGURE 2
Frequency entered in
standby display
FIGURE 3
Active/standby frequencies toggle
FIGURE 4
Frequency entered in active entry mode
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KX 155A/165A
The transceiver is always tuned to the
frequency appearing in the ACTIVE display. It is therefore possible to have two
different frequencies stored in the
ACTIVE and STANDBY displays and to
change back and forth between them at
the simple push of the transfer button.
FIGURE 5
Entering channel program mode
During the transmit mode of operation, a “T” will appear between the
ACTIVE and STANDBY displays. An “R”
will appear between the ACTIVE and
STANDBY displays if a detected signal is
strong enough to open the squelch, signifying that the transceiver is in the receive
mode of operation.
FIGURE 6
Selecting desired channel
A non-volatile memory stores the
comm ACTIVE and STANDBY frequencies on power down. When the unit is
turned on again, the COMM ACTIVE and
STANDBY windows will display the same
ACTIVE and STANDBY frequencies that
were displayed before power down.
The KX 155A and KX 165A also have
provisions to program 32 channels.
Pressing the CHAN button for 2 or more
seconds will cause the unit to enter the
channel program mode. Upon entering
the channel program mode, “PG” is displayed next to the channel number and
the channel number will flash indicating
that it can be programmed (Figure 5).
The desired channel can be selected
by turning the comm kHz knob (Figure 6).
The channel frequency can be entered by
pushing the COMM TRANSFER button
which will cause the standby frequency to
flash. The comm frequency knobs are
then used to enter the desired frequency
(Figure 7). If dashes (displayed when
rotating the outer knob between 136 MHz
and 118 MHz) are entered instead of a frequency, the corresponding channel is
skipped in channel selection mode (Figure
8). Additional channels may be programmed by pressing the COMM TRANSFER button and using the same procedure. To exit the program mode and save
the channel information, momentarily push
the CHAN button. This will cause the unit
to return to the previous frequency entry
FIGURE 7
Selecting desired frequency
FIGURE 8
Corresponding channel is skipped in
channel selection mode
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
mode. The unit will also exit the channel
program mode if there is no button or knob
activity for 20 seconds.
The channel selection mode can then
be entered by momentarily pushing the
CHAN button (Figure 9). “CH” is displayed
next to the last used channel number.
NOTE: If no channels have been programmed, channel 1 appears with dashes
displayed.
The comm frequency knobs can be
used to select the desired channel (Figure
10). The unit will automatically exit the
channel mode, with the channel frequency
remaining in the STANDBY window, if no
channel is selected within 5 seconds after
entering the channel selection mode. The
channel frequency is then made the
ACTIVE frequency in the normal manner
by pressing the COMM TRANSFER button.
NOTE: An optional remote mounted channel
switch may be installed that increments the
next programmed channel into the standby
window each time the switch is activated.
The unit is placed in the transmit mode
by depressing the MIC KEY button. The
unit has a stuck microphone alert feature.
If the microphone is keyed continuously for
greater than 33 seconds, the transmitter
stops transmitting and the active Comm
frequency flashes to alert the pilot of the
stuck microphone condition.
NOTE: Radio control of airport runway
lighting is available at selected airports to
provide airborne control of lights by keying the aircraft’s microphone. Approved
lighting systems may be activated by keying the microphone as indicated below:
7 times in 5 sec. - Highest intensity available
5 times in 5 sec. - Medium or lower intensity
3 times in 5 sec. - Lowest intensity available
Do to the close proximity of airports
using the same frequency, an airport’s
radio controlled lighting receiver may be
set at a low sensitivity, requiring the aircraft to be relatively close to activate the
system. It is also important to be very
deliberate with the keying. The require18
FIGURE 9
Entering channel selection mode
FIGURE 10
Selecting desired channel
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Page 19
KX 155A/165A
ment for the ground station decoder is
such that it will not respond to very rapid
or “staccato” transmissions. If the first
attempt at lighting the runway lights is
unsuccessful, repeat with a slower, more
deliberate cadence of microphone keying.
NAV Receiver
The right portion of the display is allocated to NAV receiver information. The
frequency channeling is similar to the
COMM when operating in the frequency
mode (Figure 1A and 1B). The NAV increment/decrement knobs are located on the
right hand side of the front panel. The
outer knob operates in 1 MHz steps and
increments/decrements the STANDBY frequency display.
The inner knob operates in 50 kHz
steps. The NAV receiver’s lower and
upper frequency limits are 108.00 MHz
and 117.95 MHz. Exceeding the upper
limit of frequency band will automatically
return to the lower limit and vice versa.
Depressing the NAV frequency transfer button for 2 seconds or more will
cause the display to go in to the ACTIVE
ENTRY mode. Only the ACTIVE frequency will be displayed and it can be directly
changed by using the NAV inc/dec knobs.
The display will return to the
ACTIVE/STANDBY mode when the NAV
frequency transfer button is pushed.
Depressing the mode button will
cause the NAV display to go from the
ACTIVE/STANDBY format to the
ACTIVE/CDI (Course Deviation Indicator)
format as shown in Figure 11. The vertical “needle” moves side to side similar to
a mechanical CDI. When the needle is
centered, the aircraft is on the selected
OBS course. When the active frequency
is tuned to a VOR frequency, the center of
the CDI scale displays the “TO” or
“FROM” indicator.
FIGURE 11
Nav display active VOR frequency/
CDI format
In the CDI mode, the increment/decrement knob (pushed in) channels the
ACTIVE frequency window and depressing the frequency transfer button will
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
cause the ACTIVE frequency to be placed
in blind storage and the STANDBY frequency (in blind storage) to be displayed
in the ACTIVE window display.
When the ACTIVE window is tuned to
a VOR frequency, the standby frequency
area is replaced by a three digit OBS
(Omni Bearing Selector) display. The
desired OBS course can be selected by
pulling out the inner NAV frequency knob
and turning it. The CDI needle may be
automatically centered with a “TO” indication by depressing the mode button for 2
seconds. This OBS display is independent of any OBS course selected on an
external CDI or HSI. An “OBS” in the
middle of the NAV display will flash while
the inner NAV frequency knob is pulled
out. The CDI is displayed on the line
below the frequency/OBS.
When the ACTIVE window is tuned to a
localizer frequency, the standby frequency area is replaced by “LOC” (Figure 12).
When the received signal is too weak
to ensure accuracy the display will “flag”.
See Figure 13.
Depressing the mode button will
cause the NAV display to go from the
ACTIVE/CDI format to the
ACTIVE/BEARING format. In the BEARING mode, the increment/decrement
knob channels the ACTIVE frequency
window and depressing the frequency
transfer button will cause the ACTIVE frequency to be placed in blind storage and
the STANDBY frequency (in blind storage) to be displayed in the ACTIVE window display. In bearing mode of operation, the right hand window of NAV display shows the bearing TO the station.
FIGURE 12
Nav display Active localizer frequency/
CDI format
FIGURE 13
VOR flag display
FIGURE 14
VOR mode bearing to function
FIGURE 15
VOR mode active/bearing,
flag display
Figure 14 illustrates the NAV side of
the display in this mode.
When a too weak or invalid VOR signal is received the display flags as shown
in Figure 15.
Another push of the mode button will
cause the NAV display to go from the
ACTIVE/BEARING format to the
ACTIVE/RADIAL format as shown in
Figure 16. In the RADIAL mode, the
20
FIGURE 16
VOR mode
radial from function
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Page 21
KX 155A/165A
increment/decrement knob channels the
ACTIVE frequency window and depressing the frequency transfer button will
cause the ACTIVE frequency to be
placed in blind storage and the STANDBY frequency (in blind storage) to be displayed in the ACTIVE window display. In
radial mode of operation, the right hand
window of NAV display shows the radial
FROM the station. Figure 16 illustrates
the NAV side of the display in this mode:
When a too weak or invalid VOR signal is received the display flags as
shown in Figure 17.
Another push of the mode button will
cause the unit to go into the TIMER
mode. See Figure 18. When the unit is
turned on the elapsed timer begins
counting upwards from zero. The timer
can be stopped and reset to zero by
pushing the NAV frequency transfer button for 2 seconds or more causing the
ET on the display to flash. In this state
the timer can be set as a countdown
timer or the elapsed timer can be restarted. The countdown timer is set by using
the NAV inc/dec knobs to set the desired
time and then pushing the NAV frequency transfer button to start the timer. The
outer knob selects minutes, the inner
knob in the “in” position selects ten second intervals, and the inner knob in the
“out” position selects individual seconds.
After the countdown timer reaches zero,
the counter will begin to count upwards
indefinitely while flashing for the first 15
seconds. Or the elapsed timer can also
be reset to zero and started again after it
has been stopped and reset to zero by
pushing the NAV frequency transfer button. The Audio Alert, if installed, is then
sounded.
FIGURE 17
VOR mode
active/radial flag display
FIGURE 18
Timer mode
The NAV ACTIVE and STANDBY frequencies are stored in the memory on
power down and return on power up.
When the smaller increment/decrement knob is pushed in, depressing the
NAV TRANSFER button will interchange
the ACTIVE and STANDBY frequencies.
The NAV IDENT knob is active in the
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
pulled out position so that both voice and
ident can be heard. When this knob is
pushed in, the ident tone is attenuated.
The volume of voice/ident can be adjusted by turning this knob.
Pilot Configuration
This mode can be accessed by
pressing and holding the Nav Mode
Button for more than 2 seconds and then
pressing the Nav Frequency Transfer
Button for an additional 2 seconds, while
continuing to hold the Nav Mode Button.
When the Pilot Config Mode is entered
the unit will show the “SWRV” mnemonic
which is the unit software revision level.
Adjustment pages can be accessed by
MODE button presses.
The pilot may adjust two parameters
in the pilot configuration, the display minimum brightness and sidetone volume
level.
Minimum Brightness (BRIM) will
have a range of 0 - 255. The dimmest is
0 and the brightest is 255.
Sidetone volume level is adjusted
when SIDE is displayed. Values from 0 255 may be selected with 0 being least
volume, 255 being the greatest.
Subsequent presses of the MODE
button sequences through SWRV, BRIM,
SIDE, and then back to SWRV.
Momentarily pressing the Nav
Transfer Button exits Pilot configuration
mode. The Nav returns to its pre-Pilot
Config state with the new brightness and
sidetone levels stored in non-volatile
memory.
Default Mode
Turning on the KX 155A or KX 165A
while pressing either the COMM or NAV
frequency transfer button will bring the
unit up in the Direct Tune Mode.
120.00MHz (120.000MHz in 8.33 kHz
KX 165A) will be the active COMM frequency and 110.00 MHz will be the
active NAV frequency. This will aid the
pilot in blind tuning the radio in the
unlikely event of display failure.
22
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Page 23
KN 53
KN 53
Silver Crown TSO’d Navigation Receiver
Operating the KN 53
Active
Frequency
Standby
Frequency
Frequency
Selector
Knobs
Photocell
for Automatic
Dimming
Frequency Transfer
Button
Power Switch
This knob controls ON/OFF/VOL/
IDENT. To turn on the unit, rotate the
knob clockwise from the detented OFF
position. Rotation of this control also
adjusts NAV audio volume. NAV voice
can be heard when the knob is pushed
in. When the knob is pulled out, the
Morse Code IDENT signal plus voice
can be heard.
Frequency Selection
By rotating the concentric frequency selector knobs either clockwise or
counterclockwise, the desired operating
frequency can be dialed into the standby display window. A clockwise rotation
will increase the displayed frequency
number, while a counterclockwise rotation will decrease it. The larger selector
knob is used to change the MHz por-
Power
Switch
tion of the frequency display; the smaller knob changes the kHz portion in 50
kHz steps. At either band edge of the
108.00 to 117.95 MHz frequency spectrum, an off-scale rotation will wrap the
display around to the other frequency
band-edge (i.e., 117.95 advances to
108.95 with MHz knob rotation, or
117.00 with kHz knob rotation). DME
and optional internal glideslope channeling are also controlled by these
selector knobs.
NAV Frequency Operation
The desired operating frequency is
first entered into the standby display.
To activate, push the transfer button.
This will interchange the frequencies in
the ‘use’ and ‘standby’ displays and
tune the receiver to the new operating
frequency.
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
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Page 25
KN 62A and KN 64
KN 62A and KN 64
TSO’d Silver Crown Digital DMEs
Operating the KN 62A and KN 64 DMEs
7-Segment Gas
Discharge Displays
3-Position Function Switch for: • Remote (RMT) Tuning
• Frequency (FREQ) Readout
• Groundspeed/Time-to-Station (GS/T) Readout
Frequency
Selector
Knobs
Photocell
for Automatic
Dimming
ON/OFF
Switch
Operation
Turn on the unit only after engine
start-up. Also, turn avionics off prior to
engine shut-down. These simple precautions should be practiced with all
avionics. It will protect the solid-state
circuitry from short duration high voltage spikes and extend the operational
life of your avionics.
The 3-position function switch
determines both the information displayed and the channeling source.
Place the function switch on
Frequency (FREQ). The unit is channeled internally with its own two concentric frequency selection knobs. The
smaller of the two knobs has an “in”
and an “out” position. When in the “in”
position, this smaller knob changes the
0.1 MHz digit (0.0, 0.1, 0.2, etc.).
When pulled “out”, it adds 0.05 MHz to
the frequency and tunes in 0.1 MHz
steps (0.05, 0.15, 0.25, etc.). Pushing
the smaller knob “in” subtracts 0.05
MHz from the displayed frequency.
The outer, larger knob changes the
larger digits (1 MHz, 10 MHz). In
FREQ mode, the unit will display distance and the selected frequency. (See
Figure 19.)
FIGURE 19.
Distance/Frequenc. FREQ Mode.
Now move the function switch to
the Groundspeed/Time-to-Station
(GS/T) position. The unit will hold the
internally selected frequency and will
display distance, groundspeed and
time-to-station. (See Figure 20.)
FIGURE 20.
Distance/Groundspeed/TTS GS/T Mode.
Rotating the frequency selector will
have no effect on the display, because
the DME is in “Frequency Hold”. This
frequency hold feature in the GS/T
mode prevents accidental rechanneling
of the DME when the frequency is not
displayed.
Place the function switch in the
Remote* (RMT) position, and your
DME will be channeled when you
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
select your NAV frequency on the NAV
receiver. Search time is usually about
one second. When the unit locks on a
ground station, it will display distance,
groundspeed and time-to-station. (See
Figure 21.)
altitude and/or long range. If the range
is three times the altitude or greater,
error is negligible.
FIGURE 21.
Distance/Groundspeed/TTS RMT Mode.
The groundspeed feature incorporated in the unit measures the rate of
change in DME slant range distance
with time. This speed is then read from
0 to 999 knots in 1 knot increments. To
obtain accurate groundspeed, the aircraft must be tracking directly to or from
the station. To obtain accurate time to
station, the aircraft must be tracking
directly to the station.
Prior to lock on, “dashes” will be
displayed. (See Figure 22.)
FIGURE 22.
Prior to Lock On.
Note that you may have two frequencies available at all times (one
remotely selected on the NAV receiver
and one internally selected with the
unit’s controls).
*Remote channeling requires wiring
to the NAV receiver.
Operational Notes
The KN 62A and KN 64 have an
audio output for use in identifying the
DME ground station being received.
The audio level is preset at the factory,
but may be easily adjusted through the
top cover.
The unit electronically converts to
distance the elapsed time required for
signals to travel to and from the ground
station. This distance is then indicated
in nautical miles on the Distance/
Speed/Time-to-Station display. This
distance, commonly referred to as slant
range distance, should not be confused
with actual along-the-ground distance.
The difference between actual ground
distance and slant range is least at low
26
The effective range of DME
depends on many factors, most important being the altitude of the aircraft.
Other contributing factors are the location and elevation of the station, DME
transmitter power output, and receiver
sensitivity.
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KR 87
KR 87
Silver Crown ADF System
Operating the KR 87
ANT/ADF
Mode Annunciation
STANDBY
Frequency
Annunciation
IN USE
BFO
Frequency Annunciation
323
Select ANT mode
(out position)
Select ADF mode
(in position)
Select
BFO
Button
STANDBY Frequency,
FLIGHT TIME or
ELAPSED TIME
Flight timer and
Elapsed timer
mode annunciation
Frequency
Select
Knobs
2 31
Frequency
Transfer
Button
Select FLIGHT
Set and Reset
TIMER or
ELAPSED TIMER
ELAPSED TIMER
ON/OFF/VOL
Control Switch
Lubber
Line
Bearing
Pointer
Compass
Card
Heading
Knob
“SYNC”
Knob
KI 228
Slaved KI 228-01 shown.
Standard KI 228-00 also
available with manually
rotatable compass card.
KI 227
KS 227-00 shown, non-slaved, standard
KI 227-01 slaved, optional
KI 229
KNI 582
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
Turn-on
Rotate the ON/OFF/VOL knob
clockwise from the detented “OFF”
position. The unit will be activated and
will be ready to operate. Rotation of
this control also adjusts audio volume.
The KR 87 has “audio muting” which
causes the audio output to be muted
unless the receiver is locked on a valid
station.
Frequency Selection
The active frequency (to which the
ADF is tuned) is displayed in the left
side of the window at all times. A
standby frequency is displayed in the
right side when “FRQ” is annunciated.
The standby frequency is placed in
“blind” memory when either FLT (Flight
Time) or ET (Elapsed Time) mode is
selected.
With “FRQ” annunciated, the standby frequency is selected using the frequency select knobs which may be
rotated either clockwise or counterclockwise. Pull the small inner knob
out to tune 1’s. Push the smaller inner
knob in to tune 10’s. The outer knob
tunes the 100’s and the 1000’s up to
1799.
The standby frequency selected
may then be put into the active window
by pressing the “FRQ” button. The
standby and active frequencies will be
exchanged (flip-flopped), the new frequency will become active, and the former active frequency will go into standby.
Operating Modes
231
39 38
Antenna (ANT) mode is selected
and annunciated when the “ADF” button is in the “out” position. ANT provides improved audio reception from
the station tuned and is usually used
for identification. The bearing pointer in
the KI 227 indicator will be deactivated
28
and immediately turn to the 90° relative
position and remain there during ANT
reception.
323
2 31
The ADF mode is selected and
annunciated when the “ADF” button is
in the depressed position. ADF activates the bearing pointer in the KI 227
indicator, causing it to move without
hesitation to point in the direction of the
station relative to the aircraft heading.
The compass card on the KI 227 may
be rotated as desired by using the
heading knob.
NOTE: The KI 227-01 or KI 228-01 indicators, when installed with a Bendix/King
KCS 55A Compass System, have a
slaved compass card. Magnetic heading
of the aircraft will be under the lubber
line. The indication of this compass
card should be compared with that of
the KI 525A master indicator from time
to time. Check especially after steep
bank turns and taxi turns. If a discrepancy between the two readings exists,
the KI 227-01 or KI 228-01 compass
card should be synchronized to the
KI 525A compass card by rotating the
“SYNC” knob on the indicator.
323
2 31
Outside of the United States some
stations are unmodulated and use an
interrupted carrier for identification purposes. The BFO mode, activated and
annunciated when the “BFO” button is
depressed, permits the carrier wave
and the associated Morse code identifier broadcast on the carrier wave to be
heard.
ADF Test
(PRE-FLIGHT OR IN-FLIGHT)
Select ANT mode. This will cause
the bearing pointer to move directly to
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KR 87
the parked 90° position. Make sure the
unit is tuned to a usable frequency.
Now select ADF mode and the needle
should move without hesitation to the
station bearing. Excessive sluggishness, wavering or reversals indicate a
signal that is too weak or a system malfunction.
Operating the Timers
The flight timer will always be automatically reset to :00 whenever power
is interrupted either by the avionics
master switch or the unit’s ON/OFF
switch. An optional external switch
may be installed which, when activated,
will stop or start the flight timer. This
switch would be of use during a nonrefueling stop when resetting the flight
timer is not desired. On some aircraft it
may be desirable to use the aircraft
strut switch instead of a manual switch
to stop and start the flight timer. It
should be emphasized that the
start/stop function will only operate with
power applied to the unit. Always read
flight time prior to power shutdown.
231
39 38
Flight time or elapsed time are displayed and annunciated alternatively by
depressing the FLT/ET button. The
flight timer continues to count up until
the unit is turned off or stopped with an
external switch. The elapsed timer may
be reset back to :00 by pressing the
SET/RST button. It will then start
counting up again. (NOTE: pressing
the SET/RST button will reset the
elapsed timer whether it is being displayed or not.)
231
28
The elapsed timer also has a
“count-down” mode. To enter the
countdown mode, the SET/RST button
is depressed for about two seconds, or
until the “ET” annunciation begins to
flash. It is now in the ET set mode, and
a time up to 59 minutes, 59 seconds
may be preset into the elapsed timer
with the concentric knobs. The preset
time will be displayed and remain
unchanged until SET/RST is pressed
again, which will start the elapsed timer
counting down from the preset time.
When the timer reaches :00 it will start
to count up as the display flashes for
15 seconds and an aural alarm, if
installed, is activated for about 1 second.
NOTE: The standby frequency which is
in memory while flight time or elapsed
time modes are being displayed may be
called back by pressing the FRQ button,
then transferred to active use by pressing
the FRQ button again.
While FLT or ET is displayed the “in
use” frequency on the left side of the
window may be changed, by using the
frequency select knobs, without any
effect on the stored standby frequency
or the other modes. This feature is
especially useful when searching for
stations with unknown frequencies.
Erroneous ADF Bearings Due
to Radio Frequency
Phenomena
Station Overlap
In the U.S., the FCC, which assigns
AM radio frequencies, occasionally will
assign the same frequency to more than
one station in an area. Certain conditions, such as Night Effect, may cause
signals from such stations to overlap.
This should be taken into consideration
when using AM broadcast stations for
navigation.
Sunspots and atmospheric phenomena may occasionally distort reception
so that signals from two stations on the
same frequency will overlap. For this
reason it is always wise to make positive
identification of the station being tuned,
by switching the function selector to ANT
and listening for station call letters.
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
Electrical Storms
Mountain Effect
In the vicinity of electrical storms,
an ADF Indicator pointer tends to swing
from the station tuned toward the electrical discharges. Location of the storm
can be useful information, but the erratic behavior of the pointer should be
taken into account.
Radio waves reflecting from the
surface of mountains may cause the
pointer to fluctuate or show an erroneous bearing. This should be taken
into account when taking bearings over
mountainous terrain.
Night Effect
Radio waves may be refracted
when passing from land to sea or when
moving parallel to the coastline. This
should be taken into account when
operating near coastal areas.
This is a disturbance particularly
strong just after sunset and just after
dawn. An ADF indicator pointer may
swing erratically at these times. If possible, tune to the most powerful station
at the lowest frequency. If this is not
possible, take the average of pointer
oscillations to determine relative station
bearing.
30
Coastal Refraction
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KT 76C
KT 76C
Bendix/King Panel-Mounted Transponder
KT 76C OPERATION
Altitude
Window
Reply
Indicator
Code
Window
Function
Selector
Knob
IDT
Button
VFR
Button
Code Entry
Buttons
About Transponders
Your Honeywell Bendix/King
transponder is a radio transmitter and
receiver which operates on radar frequencies. Receiving ground radar
interrogations at 1030 MHz, it returns a
coded response of pulses to groundbased radar on a frequency of 1090
MHz.
As with other Mode A/Mode C
transponders, the KT 76C replies with
any one of 4,096 codes, which differ in
the position and number of pulses
transmitted. By “replying” to ground
transmissions, your KT 76C enables
ATC computers to display aircraft identification, altitude and ground speed on
Enroute, Approach or Departure
Control radar screens. When the
IDENT button is pressed, your aircraft
will be positively identified to the Air
Traffic Controller.
Operating the KT 76C
Before starting your aircraft’s
engine, make sure that the KT 76C
function selector knob, or your avionics
master, is turned to OFF. After engine
start, turn the function selector knob to
SBY (standby). Give your transponder
about 45 seconds to become opera-
CLR
Button
tional. Select the proper reply code by
pressing the desired code entry buttons. The reply code will be displayed
in the code window. Before takeoff,
rotate the function selector knob to the
ALT (altitude) position for Mode C altitude reporting to ATC. If you do not
have an encoding altimeter, rotate the
function switch to ON for Mode A
reporting.
Altitude Display
The KT 76C displays Flight Level
Altitude, marked by the letters “FL” and
a number in hundreds of feet, on the
left side of the display. For example,
the reading “FL 065” corresponds to the
altitude of 6,500 feet, referenced to
29.92 inches of mercury (or 1013 hP)
at sea level. Flight Level Altitude represents “pressure altitude,” and should
not be confused with true altitude.
Please note that the displayed altitude
may not agree exactly with the aircraft’s
altimeter when flying below 18,000 feet,
because encoders are preset to 29.92
inches of mercury. An encoder’s altitude transmission is automatically corrected for proper altimeter setting by a
ground based computer, to present the
correct altitude to the controller.
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
Ranging from -1,000 to +99,000
feet, Flight Level Altitude is displayed
only when altitude reporting is enabled.
If the altitude window is blank or shows
a series of dashes (as in the case of an
invalid altimeter code being reported),
altitude reporting will be disabled.
CLR Button
Code entry mistakes are corrected,
one digit at a time, by pressing the CLR
button and reentering the correct code.
The last active code will be displayed if
a complete four-digit code has not been
entered and there is no activity on any
of the code entry buttons, the VFR button, or the CLR button for four seconds.
VFR Button
Momentarily pressing the VFR button will enter a pre-programmed VFR
code, typically 1200, in the code window. Pressing and holding the VFR
button for two seconds will cause the
last active code to be displayed.
During installation, it may be
desired to set the default VFR code to
a code other than 1200. The VFR code
is programmed by the following
sequence:
1. Place the unit in standby.
2. Enter the desired VFR code with the
ident code pushbutton switches.
3. Depress the “VFR” pushbutton while
holding the “IDT” pushbutton in its
depressed position.
32
Reply Indicator
The reply indicator blinks to indicate that
the KT 76C is functioning properly and replying
to interrogations.
Squawk Ident
When you are asked to “ident” by ATC,
press the IDT button. The reply indicator will
illuminate continuously for 18 seconds during
the ident interval.
Important Codes
7700 - Emergency
7600 - Communication Failure
7500 - Hijacking
0000 - Military - DO NOT USE!
See the Aeronautical Information Manual
(AIM) for detailed explanation of these codes
and their use.
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KT 70 and KT 71
KT 70 and KT 71
Panel-Mounted Transponders
Operating the KT 70 and KT 71
Ident
Pushbutton
Encoding Altimeter
Altitude Window
Mode
Annunciation
071
Reply
Indicator
Ident
Window
Function
Selector
Knob
1200
Photocell
VFR
Button
4 ATCRBS Code
Selector Knobs
IDENT Button
Marked IDT, the KT 70/71’s Ident
button is pressed when ATC requests
an “Ident” or “Squawk Ident” from your
aircraft. When the Ident button is
pressed, the reply indicator, an “R”shaped annunciator light will glow for
approximately 18 seconds. An optional
Remote Ident switch may also be
installed to perform the same function.
ID Code
The ATCRBS Transponder
Identification code (squawk code) for
the aircraft is displayed in the Ident
Window on the right side of the display.
Each of the four Transponder Code
Selector Knobs selects a separate digit
of the identification code.
Reply
The lighted “R” reply indicator blinks
when the transponder is replying to a
valid interrogation and illuminates for
18 seconds after the initiation of the
Ident.
Altitude Display
The KT 70 and KT 71 display Flight
Level Altitude, marked by the letters
“FL” and a number in hundreds of feet,
on the left side of the display. For
example, the reading “FL 071” corresponds to an altitude of 7,100 feet, referenced to 29.92 inches of mercury (or
1013 hP) at sea level. Flight Level
Altitude represents “pressure altitude”,
and should not be confused with true
altitude. Please note that the displayed
altitude may not agree exactly with the
aircraft’s altimeter when flying below
18,000 feet, because encoders are preset to 29.92 inches of mercury. An
encoder’s altitude transmission is automatically corrected for proper altimeter
setting by a ground-based computer, to
present the correct altitude to the controller.
Ranging from -1,000 to +99,900
feet, Flight Level Altitude is displayed
only when altitude reporting is enabled.
If the altitude window is blank or shows
a series of dashes (as in the case of an
invalid altimeter code being reported),
altitude reporting will be disabled.
VFR
Momentarily pressing the VFR
Pushbutton/Function Selector Knob
recalls the preprogrammed VFR code,
superseding whatever code was previously entered. If the VFR Pushbutton
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
is pressed inadvertently, the previous
code may be retrieved by pressing the
Function Selector Knob and holding it
for two seconds.
If a preset VFR code other than the
factory-set 1200 is desired, a new code
may be programmed as follows:
1. Place the unit in Standby (SBY)
2. Select the desired VFR code
3. While holding the IDT (Ident) button in, momentarily press the VFR
button (Function Selector Knob).
Function Selector Knob
The Function Selector Knob on the
right side of the KT 70 and KT 71
enables you to choose from among the
following operating modes:
OFF - The unit is not receiving power.
For the KT 70 only, when the unit is
turned to another mode, the installerprogrammed aircraft address and the
aircraft’s maximum airspeed will be displayed, according to the following
sequence:
AA1
0123
1.) The “FL” window will display “AA1”,
while, for two seconds, the Ident window will display the first four digits of
the unique aircraft address code.
AA2
4567
2.) The “FL” window will display “AA2”
and the Ident window will display the
last four digits of the aircraft address
code.
150
300
3.) The “FL” window will display the
lower limit and the Ident window the
34
upper limit of the preprogrammed airspeed range, again for two seconds.
The six programmable ranges include
0-75, 75-150, 150-300, 300-600, 6001200 and greater than 1200 knots.
1200
SBY (STANDBY) - In Standby on both
the KT 70 and KT 71, the unit is energized but is inhibited from replying to
any interrogation. “SBY” is shown on
the display, while the altitude display is
disabled.
-888
8888
TST (TEST) - Replies are disabled in
test mode, and the unit illuminates all
segments of the display for at least four
seconds. A series of internal tests is
performed to check the KT 70/71’s
integrity, verifying all EEPROM data
and making hardware and squitter
checks.
Should a squitter error occur, the
transmitter is considered inoperative,
and the message “F01” will appear on
the altitude display. Should an EEPROM error be detected, the messages
“F02” (internal) or “F03” (external) will
appear. If the KT 70 or KT 71 detect a
hardware failure that prohibits normal
operation, the message “F04” will be
shown. If no errors are detected, the
unit remains in test mode.
040
1200
GND (GROUND) - In the KT 71, all
interrogations are inhibited. In the KT
70, ATCRBS (Air Traffic Control Radar
Beacon System) Mode A&C interrogations are inhibited, but the KT 70 will
reply to all valid Mode S interrogations,
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Page 35
KT 70 and KT 71
provided a Mode S status bit is set to
indicate the aircraft is on the ground.
In both units, the ID code is shown on
the right side of the display, with altitude reported on the left side. The letters “GND” are also displayed in this
mode.
NOTE: An optional remote “air/ground”
switch may be installed on the aircraft’s
landing gear strut to keep the KT 70 and
KT 71 in the GND mode until the airplane
is airborne. This feature eliminates the
need to activate the unit’s ON or ALT
modes after takeoff.
1200
ON - The KT 70 is able to reply to all
valid Mode A, C and S interrogations
(Mode A and C on the KT 71).
However, the altitude information will
not be transmitted. In the ON mode,
the altitude window is left blank, the ID
code is shown on the right and the
“ON” annunciation is shown on the display.
040
2284
ALT - In the “ALTITUDE” mode, the
KT 70 replies to all valid Mode A, C and
S interrogations (Mode A and C on the
KT 71). The ID code is displayed in the
right window and altitude information (in
hundreds of feet) is shown on the left.
dA1
1117
DISPLAY ADJUST MODE - The
KT 70’s and 71’s displays feature three
programmable adjustments: dA 1, dA 2
and dA 3. Display Adjust 1 (dA 1) is
used to vary the dim/bright response
time to changes in ambient light. A set-
ting of 1 provides immediate display
brightness changes when there are
changes in the light falling on the photocell. With dA 1 set to a value of 8,
the response time is approximately
eight seconds. dA 1 values of 2
through 7 provide intermediate
response times. The factory setting is
1.
Display Adjust 2 (dA 2) is used to
vary the display brightness when ambient light conditions are less than direct
sunlight, such as in a dark cockpit at
night. The factory setting is 20.
Display Adjust 3 (dA 3) varies the
amount of ambient light required for the
display to reach its full dim and bright
levels. A common use of dA 3 is to
adjust the KT 70 and KT 71 display
brightness to match the brightness of
other radios’ displays and to provide
display brightness compensation as the
display ages. The factory setting is 0.
The following steps allow you to
access these adjustments:
1. Turn the Function Selector Knob to
TST.
2. Press and hold the IDT button for
five seconds, until “dA 1” appears
in the altitude window.
3. Select the desired display adjustment (dA 1, dA 2, dA 3) by pressing the VFR pushbutton.
4. Set the desired adjustment value
in the IDENT window, using the
Ident Code Selector Knob on the
far right. Note the settings below:
dA 1 (Photocell response):
1-8, 1=Fastest, 8=Slowest
dA 2 (Display brightness):
0-64, 0=Dimmest,
64=Brightest
dA 3 (Vendor/Age compensation):
0-255, 0=Normal/Dimmest,
255=Brightest
5. Press the IDT pushbutton or turn
the Function Selector Knob to exit
the display adjust mode, saving
the new values.
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KT 73
KT 73
Mode S, Datalink Transponder
Operating the KT 73
Ident
Pushbutton
Ident
Window
Encoding Altimeter
Altitude Window
Reply
Indicator
Function
Selector
Knob
FAIL
Photocell
Fail
Indication
VFR
Button
4 ATCRBS Code
Selector Knobs
IDENT Button
ALTITUDE DISPLAY
Marked IDT, the KT 73's Ident button is pressed when ATC requests an
"Ident" or "Squawk Ident" from your aircraft. When the Ident button is pressed
while in the GND, ON or ALT modes,
“IDT” will be illuminated on the display
for approximately 18 seconds. An
optional Remote Ident switch may also
be installed to perform the same function.
When the ALT mode is selected,
the KT 73 displays the current Flight
Level, marked by the letters “FL” and a
number in hundreds of feet. This is
shown on the left side of the display.
For example, if “FL 071” is displayed,
this corresponds to a reported pressure
altitude of 7,100 feet. Note that the displayed Flight Level, or pressure altitude, may not agree with the aircraft’s
baro-corrected altitude under non-standard conditions. The Flight Level, or
pressure altitude, reported by the KT 73
will be corrected as required by the
ATC facility.
ID CODE
The ATCRBS Transponder
Identification code (squawk code) for
the aircraft is displayed in the Ident
Window on the right side of the display.
Each of the four Transponder Code
Selector Knobs selects a separate digit
of the identification code.
REPLY INDICATOR
When the KT 73 is replying to a
valid ground Mode S interrogation, the
reply nomenclature “R” will be illuminated twice per second. When the KT 73
is replying to a valid ATCRBS or airborne Mode S interrogation, the reply
nomenclature “R” will be illuminated
once per second.
A fault in the altitude interface or an
invalid altitude input to the KT 73 will
cause the display to show a series of
dashes when the KT 73 is in the ALT
mode.
VFR
Momentarily pressing the VFR
Pushbutton recalls the preprogrammed
VFR code, superseding whatever code
was previously entered. If the VFR
Pushbutton is pressed inadvertently,
the previous code may be retrieved by
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Silver Crown Plus Pilot’s Guide
pressing the VFR button and holding it
for two seconds.
If a preset VFR code other than the
factory-set 1200 is desired, a new code
may be programmed as follows:
1. Place the unit in Standby (SBY)
2. Select the desired VFR code
3. While holding the IDT (Ident) button
in, momentarily press the VFR button.
SBY (STANDBY) - In Standby, the unit
is energized but is inhibited from replying to any interrogation. "SBY" is
shown on the left side of the display
and the ID code is shown on the right.
FUNCTION SELECTOR KNOB
The Function Selector Knob on the
right side of the KT 73 enables you to
choose from the following operating
modes:
OFF - The unit is not receiving power.
When the unit is turned to another
mode, it will reply or squitter within two
seconds, according to the selected
mode.
FLT ID (FLIGHT ID) - The Flight ID
should be the aircraft identification
employed in the flight plan. When no
flight plan is available, the registration
marking of the aircraft should be used.
When the FLT ID mode is selected, the
KT 73 is inhibited from replying to any
interrogation, "FLT ID" is annunciated
on the display and the flight ID is displayed. The Flight ID is modified by
rotating the CRSR knob to position the
cursor (▲) under the character to be
changed then rotating the FLT ID knob
to select the desired character. Once
the CRSR and FLT ID knobs have been
idle for 5 seconds or the mode select
knob has been turned to the SBY position the flight ID will be saved.
TST (TEST) - Replies are disabled and
all display segments are illuminated for
at least four seconds. A series of internal tests is performed to check the KT
73's integrity, verifying all aircraft specific configuration data and make hardware and squitter checks. If no faults
are detected, “TEST OK” is displayed
and an audio message “TEST OK” is
annunciated, if the audio function is
installed.
The audio volume is set during installation. Contact your avionics installer to
adjust the volume level to your personal preference.
Should a fault be detected, “SBY”
will be displayed on the left and the display on the right will cycle through all
the detected faults. If the faults are
associated with external data, an audio
message “CHECK FAULT CODES” will
be annunciated. Faults internal to the
KT 73 will annunciate an audio message “TRANSPONDER TEST FAIL”.
Internal faults will also cause “FAIL” to
be annunciated in the lower left of the
display in any mode of operation.
The fault codes are as follows:
F1YY* - Squitter (Internal)
F2YY* - Internal or External EEPROM
(Internal)
F3YY* - Hardware (Internal)
F401 - Mode S address/Max Airspeed
(Internal)
F5YY* - Gilham or Executive (External)
F6YY* - Interface (External)
* YY denotes the specific fault.
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KT 73
Except for the acquisition data fault
(code 101), the KT 73 will not inhibit
replies when an internal fault is identified.
GND (GROUND) - The KT 73 will inhibit ATCRBS (Air Traffic Control Radar
Beacon System), ATCRBS/Mode S All
Call and Mode S-only All Call replies.
However, the unit will continue to generate Mode S squitter transmissions
and reply to discretely addressed Mode
S interrogations. The ID code is shown
on the right side of the display and the
letters "GND" are shown on the left
side.
right window and altitude information (in
hundreds of feet) is shown on the left.
The letters "FL" will be illuminated, indicating Flight Level. If altitude information is unavailable or invalid, the left
portion of the display will be dashed.
DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS ADJUSTMENT - The KT 73's display brightness
is controlled by an ambient light sensor.
In addition, it has a manual adjustment
to allow for matching to the brightnes of
other lighted displays that may be in
the cockpit. The display is adjusted in
the test (TST) mode.
To manually adjust the display
brightness, perform the following operations:
1. Turn the Function Selector Knob to
"TST".
Note: An optional remote "air/ground"
switch may be installed. This feature
eliminates the need to manually place
the KT 73 in the GND mode. In addition, when the aircraft is airborne, the
KT 73 will function as though the
Function Selector Knob is in the ALT
position when it is actually in the GND
position.
2. Turn the BRT knob clockwise to
increase the display brightness, or
counterclockwise to decrease the display brightness.
ON - The KT 73 is able to reply to all
valid Mode A, C and S interrogations.
However, the altitude information will
not be transmitted. In the ON mode,
the altitude window is left blank and the
ID code is shown on the right side of
the display.
3. Turn the Function Selector Knob
from TST to store the display brightness settings.
The eight carets below the alphanumeric display characters indicate the
brightness setting (relative to the photocell reading). Maximum brightness is
indicated by all eight carets being illuminated. Minimum brightness is indicated by no carets being illuminated.
The factory default setting is represented by four carets being illuminated.
Pressing the IDT button will return the
brightness to the default factory value.
NOTE: If power is removed from the KT
73 while still in the test mode, the brightness setting will be lost and the unit will
revert to the last known setting.
FAIL
ALT (ALTITUDE) - The KT 73 replies to
all valid Mode A, C and S interrogations. The ID code is displayed in the
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Honeywell International Inc.
One Technology Center
23500 West 105th Street
Olathe, KS 66061
Telephone (913) 782-0400
FAX 913-712-1302
©1998-2002 Honeywell International Inc.
006-18110-0000 Printed in U.S.A.
Revision 4 Nov/2002
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