Click to see the Breckwell SW4100 Wood Stove Owners Manual

Click to see the Breckwell SW4100 Wood Stove Owners Manual
Owner’s Operation and Instruction Manual
BRECKWELL®
Exceptional Heat, Outstanding Value
MODELS: SW4100
SAFETY TESTED TO UL 1482-2011 and ULC-S627-2000
US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY PHASE II CERTIFIED WOODSTOVE
WASHINGTON STATE APPROVED
MOBILE HOME APPROVED (U.S. ONLY)
CAUTION!
Please read this entire manual before you install or
use your new room heater. Failure to follow instructions may result in property damage, bodily injury,
or even death.
Improper Installation Could Void
Your Warranty!
SAFETY NOTICE:
If this heater is not properly installed, a house fire may
result. For your safety, follow the installation instructions. Never use make-shift compromises during the
installation of this heater. Contact local building or
fire officials about permits, restrictions and installation requirements in your area.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
THIS MANUAL WILL HELP YOU TO OBTAIN EFFICIENT, DEPENDABLE SERVICE FROM THE HEATER, AND ENABLE YOU TO ORDER REPAIR PARTS CORRECTLY. KEEP IN A SAFE PLACE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
STATES ST
OV
TED
NI
USSC
COMPANY
E
U
French version is available for download from the Breckwell website: http://www.breckwell.com/
US Stove Company
227 Industrial Park Road
P.O. Box 151
South Pittsburg, TN 37380
Phone: (800) 750-2723
Web: www.BRECKWELL.com
851982
CONGRATULATIONS!
You’ve purchased a heater from North America’s oldest manufacturer of wood burning products.
By heating with wood you’re helping to CONSERVE ENERGY!
Wood is our only Renewable Energy Resource. Please do your part to preserve our wood supply. Plant at least one tree each year.
Future generations will thank you.
The instructions pertaining to the installation of your wood stove comply with UL-1482 and ULC-S627 standards.
Combustible :
Wood
Colors :
Metallic Black
Flue Pipe Diameter :
6” (15.3cm)
Flue Pipe Type: (Standard Single Wall or Double Wall):
Black or Blued Steel 2100°F (650°C)
Minimum Chimney Hieght :
12’ (3.7m)
Maximum Log Length :
21” (53.4cm)
Dimensions
Overall :
Depth x Width x Height :
32” x 27 1/4” x 34-1/8” (81cm x 69cm x 87cm)
Combustion Chamber :
Width x Depth :
22 3/4” x 21” (578mm x 533mm)
Volume :
3.11 ft³ (.0881m³)
Cubic Feet:
Door Opening : Width x Height:
Pyroceramic Glass Door : (Viewing) Width x Height:
16” x 8” (41cm x 20cm)
7
14 /16” x 9 1/8” (37cm x 23cm)
Weight (lbs):
430 lbs (195kg)
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
DESCRIPTION
PART #
B36 Blower Assembly - 100 CFM
69354
Combustion Air Adapter
892021
CAUTIONS:
• HOT WHILE IN OPERATION. KEEP CHILDREN, CLOTHING AND FURNITURE AWAY.
CONTACT MAY CAUSE SKIN BURNS.
• DO NOT USE CHEMICALS OR FLUIDS TO IGNITE THE FIRE.
• DO NOT LEAVE THE STOVE UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS SLIGHTLY OPENED.
• DO NOT BURN GARBAGE, FLAMMABLE FLUID SUCH AS GASOLINE, NAPHTHA OR
MOTOR OIL.
• DO NOT CONNECT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.
• ALWAYS CLOSE THE DOOR AFTER THE IGNITION.
• THIS MODEL NOT APPROVED FOR MANUFACTURED OR MOBILE HOME INSTALLATION.
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WARRANTY INFORMATION CARD
Name__________________________________________ Telephone #: (_____)_____________
City____________________________________________ State_______ Zip_________________
Email Address __________________________________________________________________
Model # of Unit________________________________ Serial #___________________________
Fuel Type: qWood
qCoal qPellet
qGas
qOther _________________________
Place of Purchase (Retailer)______________________________________________________
City____________________________________________ State_______ Zip_________________
If internet purchase, please list website address___________________________________
Date of Purchase _______________________________________________________________
Reason for Purchase:
qDecoration
qAlternative Heat
qCost
qMain Heat Source
qOther _________________________
What was the determining factor for purchasing your new appliance?_______
I have read the owner’s manual that accompanies this unit and fully understand the:
Installation q Operation q and Maintenance q
of my new appliance.
Print Name
Signature
Date
Please attach a copy of your purchase receipt.
Warranty not valid without a Proof of Purchase.
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Warranty information must be received within 30 days of original purchase.
Detach this page from this manual, fold in half with this page to the inside and tape together. Apply a
stamp and mail to the address provided. You may use an envelope if you choose.
You may register online by going to www.usstove.com
All information submitted will be kept strictly confidential. Information provided will not be sold for advertising purposes.
Contact information will be used solely for the purpose of product notifications.
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STAMP
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United States Stove Company
P.O. Box 151
South Pittsburg, TN 37380
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Tools and Materials Needed For Installation
You will need a drill with a 1/8” bit to install sheet metal screws into connector pipe. A 5/16” socket/wrench or screw driver to install
pedestal trim, room air deflector, and blower assembly described below. A 1/2” socket/wrench to install flue collar. A non-combustible
floor protector as specified in this manual. All chimney and chimney connector components required for your particular chimney
installation. For mobile homes, see page 13.
Assembly
Flue Collar Assembly:
1. Mount the flue collar to the top of the unit as shown using the (3) 5/16-18 x 1-1/2 bolts, (3) washers, and (3) weld tabs provided in the parts box.
Firebrick Configuration:
1. Replace the Firebrick as shown in the illustration below.
Side view of flue collar
mount to heater top
5/16-18 x 1-1/2
BOLT
HEATER
TOP
WELD
TAB
Brick Configuration
Ussc5
ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS
Combustion Air Intake
This appliance requires a source of combustion air. If you home is of tight construction or has negative pressure problems, you will need an outside source of air.
You have two options. You may cut a rectangular hole in the floor of your home and the floor protector, or
purchase a standard 4” Dryer Vent kit from your local hardware supply store and install it on the rear of the
pedestal.
If your choice is to cut a rectangular hole in the floor and flooring protector, refer to the below illustrations for
assistance. You must place a rodent screen between the floor protector and the floor to prevent passage of
any unwanted vermin into your home.
If using a Dryer venting kit, the outlet cover must be of a design that DOES NOT close by means of
a flap or trap door. You must purchase a style that allows a continuous in-flow of air and that has a rodent
screen. You will also need a Combustion Air Adapter to attach to the pedestal of the appliance. This adapter
can be purchased from your dealer.
If your home is not of tight construction, you can just simply remove the 4” round knockout in the rear of the
pedestal.
Œ “Combustion Air thru Unit Base” installation:
First, decide the location of the appliance. Then, cut a 2” x 6” rectangular opening in the floor protector
within the appliance base’s perimeter. Using the flooring protector as a template, position it in place
and mark onto the floor of your home where to make your next cut. Make the cut in your home’s floor
slightly larger than the 2” x 6” to accommodate any misalignment. Attach a piece of screen over the
hole to prevent any unwanted vermin entering your home. Complete your appliance install.
 “Dryer Venting Kit” installation:
Begin by installing the 4” adapter to the rear of the appliance using the screws provided. If not already,
remove the round knock-out from the pedestal. Follow the manufacturer’s installation instructions for
attaching the dryer vent kit to the home. Then attach it to the adapter on the appliance.
Make a 2” x 6” (51mm x 152mm)
cutout through both the floor
protector and home’s flooring
within the perimeter of the
appliance’s base.
Non-Combustible Floor
SW4100 Foot Print
FLOOR PROTECTOR
“Combustion Air thru Unit Base” Installation
Rodent Screen
Home’s Floor
“Dryer Venting Kit” Installation
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INSTALLATION
SAFETY NOTICE
• IF THIS STOVE IS NOT PROPERLY INSTALLED, A HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT. TO REDUCE THE
RISK OF FIRE, FOLLOW THE INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS.
• CONSULT YOUR MUNICIPAL BUILDING DEPARTMENT OR FIRE OFFICIALS ABOUT PERMITS,
RESTRICTIONS AND INSTALLATIONS REQUIREMENTS IN YOUR AREA.
• USE SMOKE DETECTORS IN THE ROOM WHERE YOUR STOVE IS INSTALLED.
• KEEP FURNITURE AND DRAPES WELL AWAY FROM THE STOVE.
• NEVER USE GASOLINE, GASOLINE-TYPE LANTERN FUEL, KEROSENE, CHARCOAL LIGHTER
FLUID, OR SIMILAR LIQUIDS TO START OR “FRESHEN UP” A FIRE IN THIS HEATER. KEEP ALL
SUCH LIQUIDS WELL AWAY FROM THE HEATER WHILE IT IS IN USE.
• IN THE EVENT OF A CHIMNEY FIRE, PUSH THE AIR CONTROL FULL CLOSED TO DEPRIVE
THE FIRE OF OXYGEN. CALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
• DO NOT CONNECT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.
• A SOURCE OF FRESH AIR INTO THE ROOM OR SPACE HEATED SHALL BE PROVIDED WHEN
REQUIRED.
POSITIONING THE STOVE
It is very important to position the wood stove as close as possible to the chimney, and in an area that will favor
the most efficient heat distribution possible throughout the house. The stove must therefore be installed in the
room where the most time is spent, and in the most spacious room possible. Recall that wood stoves produce
radiating heat, the heat we feel when we are close to a wood stove. A wood stove also functions by convection,
that is through the displacement of hot air accelerated upwards and its replacement with cooler air. If necessary,
the hot air distribution from the stove may be facilitated by the installation of a blower.
The wood stove must not be hooked up to a hot air distribution system since an excessive accumulation of heat
may occur.
A wood stove must never be installed in a hallway or near a staircase, since it may block the way in case of fire
or fail to respect required clearances.
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FLOOR PROTECTOR
Your wood stove should be placed on a 1 inch, non-combustible surface with a k factor of 0.84. For multiple
layers, add R-values of each layer to determine the overall R-value. The R value for the required board is 1.2. If
there is a horizontal section of chimney connector, the floor protector should go under it and 2 inches beyond
each side
Convert specification to R-value:
k-factor is given with a required thickness (T) in inches: R=1/k x T
C-factor is given: R=1/C
Example:
If the floor protector is 4” brick with a C-factor of 1.25 over 1/8” mineral board with a “k” factor of 0.29 the total R-value of the system is:
4” brick C=1.25, R=1/1.25=0.8
1/8” mineral board K=0.29, R=1/0.29 x 0.125=0.431
Total R = Rbrick + Rmineral = 0.8 + 0.431 = 1.231
Total R is greater than 1.2, the system is acceptable.
The floor protector should exceed the stove as follows:
The floor protector must be listed to UL1618.
Model
SW4100
Front
26”
(660mm)
Sides
8”
(203mm)
Rear
¶6”
(152mm)
¶ - Canadian installations require 8” (203mm)
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CLEARANCES TO COMBUSTIBLES
It is of utmost importance that the clearances to combustible materials be strictly adhered to during installation
of the stove. Refer to the tables below :
Model
SW4100
A
B
14
(358mm)
20
(508mm)
Single Wall Pipe
C
D
17.5
30.5
(445mm)
E
(775mm)
F
11
(279mm)
24
(610mm)
• Floor to ceiling height must be at least 7’ (2.13m) in all cases.
• Do not place any combustible material within 4’ (1.2m) of the front of the unit.
• The clearance between the flue pipe and a wall are valid only for vertical walls and for vertical flue pipe.
• The chimney connector must not pass through an attic or roof space, closet or similar concealed space, a
floor, or a ceiling.
• For Canadian installations, where passage through a wall, or partition of combustible construction is desired,
the installation must conform to CAN/CSA-B365.
• A flue pipe crossing a combustible wall must have a minimum clearance of 18” (457.2mm).
• To reduce flue clearances from combustible materials, contact your local safety department.
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CHIMNEY CONNECTOR (STOVE PIPE)
Your chimney connector and chimney must have the same diameter as the stove outlet (6”). If this is not the
case, we recommend you contact your dealer in order to insure there will be no problem with the draft.
The stove pipe must be made of aluminized or cold roll steel with a minimum thickness of 0.021” or 0.53 mm.
It is strictly forbidden to use galvanized steel.
Your smoke pipe should be assembled in such a way that the male section (crimped end) of the pipe faces down.
Attach each of the sections to one another with three equidistant metal screws.
The pipe must be short and straight. All sections installed horizontally must slope at least 1/4 inch per foot,
with the upper end of the section toward the chimney. Any installation with a horizontal run of chimney pipe
must conform to NFPA 211. You may contact NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) and request the
latest edition of the NFPA Standard 211.
To insure a good draft, the total length of the coupling pipe should never exceed 8’ to 10’ (2.4m to 3.04 m).
(Except for cases of vertical installation, cathedral-roof style where the smoke exhaust system can be much
longer and connected without problem to the chimney at the ceiling of the room).
There should never be more than two 90 degrees elbows in the smoke exhaust system.
Installation of a “barometric draft stabilizer” (fireplace register) on a smoke exhaust system is prohibited.
Furthermore, installation of a draft damper is not recommended. Indeed, with a controlled combustion wood
stove, the draft is regulated upon intake of the combustion air in the stove and not at the exhaust.
To
Appliance
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CHIMNEY
Your wood stove may be hooked up with a 6” factory built or masonry chimney. If you are using a factory built
chimney, it must comply with UL 103 or CSA-B365 standard; therefore it must be a Type HT (2100°F). It is
extremely important that it be installed according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
If you are using a masonry chimney, it is important that it be built in compliance with the specifications of the
National Building Code. It must be lined with fire clay bricks, metal or clay tiles sealed together with fire cement. (Round flues are the most efficient).
The interior diameter of the chimney flue must be identical to the stove smoke exhaust. A flue which is too small
may cause draft problems, while a large flue favours rapid cooling of the gas, and hence the build-up of creosote
and the risk of chimney fires. Note that it is the chimney and not the stove which creates the draft effect; your
stove’s performance is directly dependent on an adequate draft from your chimney.
The following recommendations may be useful for the installation of your chimney:
1. DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO A CHIMNEY FLUE SERVING ANOTHER APPLIANCE.
2. It must rise above the roof at least 3’ (0.9m) from the uppermost point of contact.
3. The chimney must exceed any part of the building or other obstruction within a 10’ (3.04m) distance by a
height of 2’ (0.6m).
4. Installation of an interior chimney is always preferable to an exterior chimney. Indeed, the interior chimney
will, by definition, be hotter than an exterior chimney, being heated up by the ambient air in the house.
Therefore the gas which circulates will cool more slowly, thus reducing the build-up of creosote and the risk
of chimney fires.
5. The draft caused by the tendency for hot air to rise will be increased with an interior chimney.
6. Using a fire screen at the extremity of the chimney requires regular inspection in order to insure that it is
not obstructed thus blocking the draft, and it should be cleaned when used regularly.
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FACTORY BUILT CHIMNEY :
When a metal prefabricated chimney is used, the manufacturer’s installation instructions must be followed.
You must also purchase (from the same manufacturer) and install the ceiling support package or wall passthrough and “T” section package, firestops (where needed), insulation shield, roof flashing, chimney cap, etc.
Maintain proper clearance to the structure as recommended by the manufacturer. The chimney must be the
required height above the roof or other obstructions for safety and proper draft operation.
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MASONRY CHIMNEY :
Ensure that a masonry chimney meets the minimum standards of the National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA) by having it inspected by a professional. Make sure there are no cracks, loose mortar or other signs of
deterioration and blockage. Have the chimney cleaned before the stove is installed and operated. When connecting the stove through a combustible wall to a masonry chimney, special methods are needed.
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Combustible Wall Chimney Connector Pass-Throughs
Method A. 12” (304.8 mm) Clearance to Combustible Wall Member: Using
a minimum thickness 3.5” (89 mm) brick and a 5/8” (15.9 mm) minimum wall thickness clay liner, construct a wall pass-through. The clay
liner must conform to ASTM C315 (Standard Specification for Clay Fire
Linings) or its equivalent. Keep a minimum of 12” (304.8 mm) of brick
masonry between the clay liner and wall combustibles. The clay liner shall
run from the brick masonry outer surface to the inner surface of the chimney flue liner but not past the inner surface. Firmly grout or cement the
clay liner in place to the chimney flue liner.
Method B. 9” (228.6 mm) Clearance to Combustible Wall Member: Using
a 6” (152.4 mm) inside diameter, listed, factory-built Solid-Pak chimney
section with insulation of 1” (25.4 mm) or more, build a wall pass-through
with a minimum 9” (228.6 mm) air space between the outer wall of the
chimney length and wall combustibles. Use sheet metal supports fastened
securely to wall surfaces on all sides, to maintain the 9” (228.6 mm) air
space. When fastening supports to chimney length, do not penetrate the
chimney liner (the inside wall of the Solid-Pak chimney). The inner end of
the Solid-Pak chimney section shall be flush with the inside of the masonry chimney flue, and sealed with a non-water soluble refractory cement.
Use this cement to also seal to the brick masonry penetration.
Method C. 6” (152.4 mm) Clearance to Combustible Wall Member: Starting with a minimum 24 gage (.024” [.61 mm]) 6” (152.4 mm) metal chimney connector, and a minimum 24 gage ventilated wall thimble which
has two air channels of 1” (25.4 mm) each, construct a wall pass-through.
There shall be a minimum 6” (152.4) mm separation area containing fiberglass insulation, from the outer surface of the wall thimble to wall combustibles. Support the wall thimble, and cover its opening with a 24-gage
minimum sheet metal support. Maintain the 6” (152.4 mm) space. There
should also be a support sized to fit and hold the metal chimney connector. See that the supports are fastened securely to wall surfaces on all sides.
Make sure fasteners used to secure the metal chimney connector do not
penetrate chimney flue liner.
Method D. 2” (50.8 mm) Clearance to Combustible Wall Member: Start
with a solid-pak listed factory built chimney section at least 12” (304 mm)
long, with insulation of 1” (25.4 mm) or more, and an inside diameter of
8” (2 inches [51 mm] larger than the 6” [152.4 mm] chimney connector).
Use this as a pass-through for a minimum 24-gauge single wall steel chimney connector. Keep solid-pak section concentric with and spaced 1” (25.4
mm) off the chimney connector by way of sheet metal support plates at
both ends of chimney section. Cover opening with and support chimney
section on both sides with 24 gage minimum sheet metal supports. See
that the supports are fastened securely to wall surfaces on all sides. Make
sure fasteners used to secure chimney flue line.
NOTES:
1. Connectors to a masonry chimney, excepting method B,
shall extend in one continuous section through the wall passthrough system and the chimney wall, to but not past the inner flue liner face.
2. A chimney connector shall not pass through an attic or roof space, closet or similar concealed space, or a
floor, or ceiling.
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OUTSIDE COMBUSTION AIR
For air tight houses and houses with negative pressure problems, your wood stove must have a fresh air intake
installed. You can either purchase a dryer venting kit from your local hardware supply or cut a hole in the flooring protector and home’s floor as shown in the illustration at the beginning of this manual.
Outside combustion air may be required if :
1. Your stove does not draw steadily, smoke rollout occurs, wood burns poorly, or back-drafts occur whether
or not there is combustion present.
2. Existing fuel-fired equipment in the house, such as fireplaces or other heating appliances, smell, do not operate properly, suffer smoke roll-out when opened, or back-drafts occur whether or not there is combustion
present.
3. Opening a window slightly on a calm (windless) day alleviates any of the above symptoms.
4. The house is equipped with a well-sealed vapor barrier and tight fitting windows and/or has any powered
devices that exhaust house air.
5. There is excessive condensation on windows in the winter.
6. A ventilation system is installed in the house.
NONCOMB
USTIBLE F
LOORING
Illustration: Optional securing of heater to the Floor.
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WOODSTOVE UTILIZATION
Your heating unit was designed to burn wood only; no other materials should be burned. Waste and other flammable materials
should not be burned in your stove. Any type of wood may be used in your stove, but specific varieties have better energy yields
than others. Please consult the following table in order to make the best possible choice.
TYPE
WEIGHT
PER CORD
EFFICIENCY
RANKING
SPLITS
MILLIONS
BTU’s/CORD
Hickory
63
4500
1.0
Well
31.5
White Oak
48
4100
.9
Fair
28.6
Red Oak
46
3900
.8
Fair
27.4
Beech
45
3800
.7
Hard
26.8
Sugar Maple
44
3700
.6
Fair
26.2
Black Oak
43
3700
.6
Fair
25.6
Ash
42
3600
.5
Well
25.0
Yellow Birch
40
3400
.4
Hard
23.8
Red Maple
38
3200
.3
Fair
22.6
Paper Birch
37
3100
.3
Easy
22.1
Elm/Sycamore
34
2900
.2
Very Difficult
20.1
Red Spruce
29
1800
.1
Easy
16.1
(LBS. CU. FT., DRY)
It is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT that you use DRY WOOD only in your wood stove. The wood should have dried for 9 to 15 months,
such that the humidity content (in weight) is reduced below 20% of the weight of the log. It is very important to keep in mind that
even if the wood has been cut for one, two or even more years, it is not necessarily dry, if it has been stored in poor conditions. Under
extreme conditions it may rot, instead of drying. This point cannot be over stressed; the vast majority of the problems related to the
operation of a wood stove is caused by the fact that the wood used was too damp or has dried in poor conditions. These problems can be:
- ignition problems
- creosote build-up causing chimney fires
- low energy yield
- blackened windows
- incomplete log combustion
Smaller pieces of wood will dry faster. All logs exceeding 6” in diameter should be split. The wood should not be stored directly on
the ground. Air should circulate through the cord. A 24” to 48” air space should be left between each row of logs, which should be
placed in the sunniest location possible. The upper layer of wood should be protected from the elements but not the sides.
TESTING YOUR WOOD
When the stove is thoroughly warmed, place one piece of split wood (about five inches in diameter) parallel to the door on the bed
of red embers.
Keep the air control full open by pulling on it and close the door. If ignition of the piece is accomplished within 90 seconds from the
time if was placed in the stove, your wood is correctly dried. If ignition takes longer, your wood is damp.
If your wood hisses and water or vapor escapes at the ends of the piece, your wood is soaked or freshly cut. Do not use this wood in
your stove. Large amounts of creosote could be deposited in your chimney, creating potential conditions for a chimney fire.
16Ussc
THE FIRST FIRES
The fresh paint on your stove needs to be cured to preserve its quality. Once the fuel charge is properly ignited, only burn small fires
in your stove for the first four hours of operation. Never open the air control more than necessary to achieve a medium burn rate.
Make sure that there’s enough air circulation while curing the stove. The odors could be smelled during the 3 or 4 first fires. Never
start your stove outside. You will not be able to see if you are over heating.
IGNITION
After making sure that the stove air intake controls are fully open (completely pull-out towards you), place several rumpled sheets of
paper in the centre of the combustion chamber. Place 8 to 10 pieces of small dry kindling wood over the paper in the form of a tent.
You may also place a few pieces of heating wood, but choose the smaller ones. No chemical product should be used to light the fire.
Before igniting the paper and kindling wood, it is recommended that you warm up the chimney. This is done in order to avoid back
draft problems often due to negative pressure in the house. If such is the case, open a window slightly near the stove and twist together
a few sheets of newspaper into a torch. Light up this paper torch and hold it as close as possible to the mouth of the pipe inside the
combustion chamber to warm up the chimney. Once the updraft movement is initiated, you are ready to ignite the stove by lighting
the paper and kindling wood inside the combustion chamber.
When you have achieved a good bed of hot embers, we recommend the following burn procedures:
HEATING
SW4100
Primary Air Settings
(Slide Damper is located in center of stove under hearth plate)
(Damper Adjustment: Pulling out on damper increases air)
Electric Blower Speed Setting (Variable)
(Blower is on High when turned “ON”, Rotate clockwise
until stop for “LOW”.)
Burn Rate
Adjust Damper from fully closed
Burn Time
Blower Speed
Low
1/8” (3.2mm)
@ 30 minutes
Low
Medium - Low
1/4” (6.3mm)
@ 30 minutes
Low
Medium - High
1-1/8” (12.7mm)
@ 30 minutes
Low
High
approx. 3” (76mm)
all minutes
High
CAUTION: Never alter the damper slide or the adjustment range to increase firing for any reason. Doing so could
result in heater damage and will void your warranty.
Controlled combustion is the most efficient technique for wood heating because it enables you to select the type of combustion you
want for each given situation. The wood will burn slowly if the wood stove air intake control is adjusted to reduce the oxygen supply
in the combustion chamber to a minimum. On the other hand, wood will burn quickly if the air control is adjusted to admit a larger
quantity of oxygen in the combustion chamber. The air intake control on your stove is very simple. If you pull on it out completely
towards you, it is fully open. If you push on it until it stops the combustion air is reduced to a minimum. Real operating conditions
may give very different results than those obtained during testing according to the species of wood used, its moisture content, the
size and density of the pieces, the length of the chimney, altitude and outside temperature.
Ussc17
WARNINGS
• NEVER OVERFIRE YOUR STOVE. IF ANY PART OF THE STOVE STARTS TO GLOW RED, OVER
FIRING IS HAPPENING. READJUST THE AIR INTAKE CONTROL AT A LOWER SETTING.
• THE INSTALLATION OF A LOG CRADLE or GRATES IS NOT RECOMMENDED IN YOUR WOOD
STOVE. BUILD FIRE DIRECTLY ON FIREBRICK.
• NEVER PUT WOOD ABOVE THE FIREBRICK LINING OF THE FIREBOX.
RELOADING
Once you have obtained a good bed of embers, you should reload the unit. In order to do so, open the air
controls to maximum a few seconds prior to opening the stove’s door. Then proceed by opening the door very
slowly; open it one or two inches for 5 to 10 seconds, before opening it completely to increase the draft and thus
eliminate the smoke which is stagnant in a state of slow combustion in the stove. Then bring the red embers to
the front of the stove and reload the unit.
For optimal operation of your wood stove, we recommend you to operate it with a wood load approximately
equivalent to the height of fire bricks.
It is important to note that wood combustion consumes ambient oxygen in the room .In the case of negative
pressure, it is a good idea to allow fresh air in the room, either by opening a window slightly or by installing a
fresh air intake system on an outside wall.
Creosote - Formation and Need for Removal - When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other organic
vapors, which combine with expelled moisture to form creosote. The creosote vapors condense in the relatively
cool chimney flue of a slow-burning fire. As a result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue lining. When
ignited this creosote makes an extremely hot fire. The chimney connector and chimney should be inspected
at least once every two months during the heating season to determine if a creosote build-up has occurred. If
creosote has accumulated (3mm or more), it should be removed to reduce the risk of a chimney fire.
We strongly recommend that you install a magnetic thermometer on your smoke exhaust pipe, approximately
18” above the stove. This thermometer will indicate the temperature of your gas exhaust fumes within the
smoke exhaust system. The ideal temperature for these gases is somewhere between 275°F and 500°F. Below
these temperatures, the build-up of creosote is promoted. Above 500 degrees, heat is wasted since a too large
quantity is lost into the atmosphere.
TO PREVENT CREOSOTE BUILD UP
• Always burn dry wood. This allows clean burns and higher chimney temperatures, therefore less creosote
deposit.
• Leave the air control full open for about 5 min. every time you reload the stove to bring it back to proper
operating temperatures. The secondary combustion can only take place if the firebox is hot enough.
• Always check for creosote deposit once every two months and have your chimney cleaned at least once a year.
If a chimney or creosote fire occurs, close all dampers immediately. Wait for the fire to go out and the heater to
cool, then inspect the chimney for damage. If no damage results, perform a chimney cleaning to ensure there
is no more creosote deposits remaining in the chimney.
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ASH DISPOSAL
Ashes should be removed from the stove every few days or when ashes get to 2 to 3 inches deep. Always empty
the stove when it is cold, such as in the morning. Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tight fitting
lid. The closed container of ashes should be placed on a non combustible floor or on the ground, well away
from all combustible materials, pending final disposal. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise
locally dispersed, they should be retained in the close container until all cinders have thoroughly cooled. Other
waste shall not be placed in this container.
CAUTIONS:
• ASHES COULD CONTAIN HOT EMBERS EVEN AFTER TWO DAYS WITHOUT OPERATING THE STOVE.
• THE ASH PAN CAN BECOME VERY HOT. WEAR GLOVES TO PREVENT INJURY.
• NEVER BURN THE STOVE WITH THE ASH TRAP OPEN. THIS WOULD RESULT IN OVER FIRING THE
STOVE. DAMAGE TO THE STOVE AND EVEN HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT.
MAINTENANCE
Your wood stove is a high efficiency stove and therefore requires little maintenance. It is important to perform
a visual inspection of the stove every time it is emptied, in order to insure that no parts have been damaged, in
which case repairs must be performed immediately. Inspect and clean the chimney and connector pipe periodically for creosote buildup or obstructions.
GLASS
• Inspect and clean the glass regularly in order to detect any cracks. If you spot one, turn the stove off immediately. Do not abuse the glass door by striking or slamming shut. Do not use the stove if the glass is broken.
• If the glass on your stove breaks, replace only with the glass supplied from your heater dealer. Never substitute other
materials for the glass.
• To replace the glass, remove the screws retaining the glass mouldings inside the door. Remove the mouldings and replace the damaged piece with a new one. Perform the procedure backwards after replacing. When
replacing the glass, you should change the glass gasket to make sure you keep it sealed.
• Never wash the glass with a product that may scratch. Use a specialized product, available in the stores where
wood stoves are sold. The glass should be washed only when cold.
GASKETING
It is recommended that you change the door gasket (which makes your stove door air tight) once a year, in order to insure good control over the combustion, maximum efficiency and security. To change the door gasket,
simply remove the damaged one. Carefully clean the available gasket groove, apply a high temperature silicone
sold for this purpose, and install the new gasket. You may light up your stove again approximately 24 hours
after having completed this operation.
WARNING:
• NEVER OPERATE THE STOVE WITHOUT A GASKET OR WITH A BROKEN ONE. DAMAGE TO THE
STOVE OR EVEN HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT.
PAINT
Only clean your stove with a dry soft cloth that will not harm the paint finish. If the paint becomes scratched or
damaged, it is possible to give your wood stove a brand new look, by repainting it with a 1200° F heat resistant
paint. For this purpose, simply scrub the surface to be repainted with fine sand paper, clean it properly, and
apply thin coats (2) of paint successively.
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REPAIR PARTS
33
37
34
38
35
24
36
25
23
22
26
33
1
31
32
16
15
2
14
17
19
11
20
12
5
13
3
10
21
4
18
28
8
29
7
30
27
9
6
Feed Door Assembly
8
7
3
9
2
5
6
4
1
20Ussc
REPAIR PARTS
Key
Part No.
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
891750
88145
86643
86645
891515
89066
24103
8
Model
Qty.
Key
Part No.
Description
Weld., Main Body
Board, Ceramic Fiber
Tube (Ø5/32), Secondary Air
Tube (Ø7/32), Secondary Air
Retainer, Tube
Firebrick (4-1/2 x 9)
Firebrick, Half (4-1/2 x 4-1/2)
1
1
1
3
4
23
1
22
40292A
6” Flue Collar
1
23
24
25
26
88042
83432
83045
83431
1/4” Rope Gasket
5/16-18 x 1-1/2 HX HD C/S PL
Washer, 5/16”ID x 3/4”OD x 1/16 THK
Weld Tab
1
3
3
3
27
69667
Pedestal, Ash Pan
1
891414
Half Firebrick
2
28
892032
Body, Ash Pan
1
9
891783
Firebrick (3 x 4-1/2)
1
10
40561
Ash Plug
1
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
892033
891137
892069
892070
892075
69668
892013
892014
892008
892015
Front, Ash Pan
Handle, Brushed Nickel
R-Mounting BRKT, Shroud
L-Mounting BRKT, Shroud
Shroud Mount, Rear
Weldment, Shroud
Louver
Retainer, Louver
Rear, Shroud Panel
Plate, Blower Adapter
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
2
1
1
11
891373
Pad, Door Hinge (Threaded)
2
12
83045A
Washer, 3/8”ID x 7/8”OD x 1/16” THK
2
13
83274
3/8-16 LK Nut Black
2
14
25080
Latch, Door
1
15
83508
5/16-18 x 3/4 Bolt
1
16
17
18
19
20
21
83338
69660
891135
892020
891929
891331
5/16-18 Lock Nut
Assembly, Door_Large Rectangle
Handle, Spring (LG-Nickel)
Plate, Hearth
Rod, Damper
Spring Handle-Brushed Nickel
1
1
1
1
1
1
Model
Qty.
N/S = Not Shown
u = Used on heaters manufactured in 2011
All components common except where noted.
Key
Part No.
Description
Qty.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
25780
25692
83506
88066
88087
891813
25465
83202
83278
891135
Feed Door, Painted (40569)
Handle, Painted (40515)
3/8 x 1-1/4 Roll Pin
Rope Gasket - 5/8”
Glass Gasket - 1/8 thk x 1” wide
Ceramic Glass
Bottom Glass Retainer
10-24 x 3/8 Pan Head Phillips Screw
Washer - 7/32 ID x 1/2 OD
Spring Handle - LG
1
1
1
5.0 ft.
4.0 ft.
1
2
4
4
1
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NOTES
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NOTES
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HOW TO ORDER REPAIR PARTS
THIS MANUAL WILL HELP YOU OBTAIN EFFICIENT, DEPENDABLE SERVICE
FROM YOUR HEATER, AND ENABLE YOU TO ORDER REPAIR PARTS CORRECTLY.
KEEP THIS MANUAL IN A SAFE PLACE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
WHEN WRITING, ALWAYS GIVE THE FULL MODEL NUMBER WHICH IS ON THE
NAMEPLATE ATTACHED TO THE HEATER.
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS, ALWAYS GIVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION AS SHOWN IN THIS LIST:
1. THE PART NUMBER
2. THE PART DESCRIPTION
3. THE MODEL NUMBER:____________________________
4. THE SERIAL NUMBER:_____________________________
US Stove Company
227 Industrial Park Road
P.O. Box 151
South Pittsburg, TN 37380
Phone: (800) 750-2723
Web: www.BRECKWELL.com
24Ussc
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