Model 2015-145 Upconverter Instruction Manual

Model 2015-145 Upconverter Instruction Manual
Model 2015-145
Instruction Manual
Upconverter
April 2014, Rev D
MODEL 2015
F = 14050.000
G = +00.0
UPCONVERTER
MENU
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES INC.
EXECUTE
REMOTE POWER
MUTE
ALARM
Data, drawings, and other material contained herein are proprietary to Cross Technologies, Inc.,
but may be reproduced or duplicated without the prior permission of Cross Technologies, Inc.
for purposes of operating the equipment.
When ordering parts from Cross Technologies, Inc., be sure to include the equipment
model number, equipment serial number, and a description of the part.
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6170 Shiloh Road
Alpharetta, Georgia 30005
(770) 886-8005
FAX (770) 886-7964
Toll Free 888-900-5588
WEB www.crosstechnologies.com
E-MAIL info@crosstechnologies.com
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MODEL 2015-145 Upconverter
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
Warranty
1.0 General
1.1 Equipment Description
1.2 Technical Characteristics
1.3 Monitor & Control Interface
1.4 Environmental Use Information
2.0 Installation
2.1 Mechanical
2.2 Rear Inputs & Outputs
2.3 Front Panel Controls & Indicators
2.4 Operation
2.5 Menu Settings
2
3
3
4
5
8
9
9
10
10
11
12
WARRANTY - The following warranty applies to all Cross Technologies, Inc. products.
All Cross Technologies, Inc. products are warranted against defective materials and
workmanship for a period of one year after shipment to customer. Cross Technologies, Inc.’s
obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or, at Cross Technologies, Inc.’s option,
replacing parts, subassemblies, or entire assemblies. Cross Technologies, Inc. shall not be
liable for any special, indirect, or consequential damages. This warranty does not cover parts
or equipment which have been subject to misuse, negligence, or accident by the customer
during use. All shipping costs for warranty repairs will be prepaid by the customer. There are
not other warranties, express or implied, except as stated herein.
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6170 Shiloh Road
Alpharetta, Georgia 30005
(770) 886-8005
FAX (770) 886-7964
Toll Free 888-900-5588
WEB www.crosstechnologies.com
E-MAIL info@crosstechnologies.com
2015-145 Manual_D
Page 2
04/08/14
MODEL 2015-145 Upconverter
1.0 General
1.1 Equipment Description
The Model 2015-145 Upconverter converts 70 ± 18 MHz to 14.0 to 14.5 GHz in 125 kHz steps with low group
delay and flat frequency response. Synthesized local oscillators (LO) provide very low phase noise, ± 0.01 ppm
stability frequency selection. Push button switches select the RF frequency, gain, and other parameters. Front
panel LEDs provide indication of PLL alarm (red), remote operation (yellow) or the TX carrier is Muted (red).
Variable attenuators for the IF input and RF output provide a gain range of 0 to +20 dB as adjusted by the front
panel pushbutton switches. Remote operation allows selection of frequency and gain. Parameter selection and
frequency and gain settings appear on the LCD display. Connectors are BNC (female) for IF, external reference
input and 10MHz reference output, and SMA (female) for the RF output. The unit is powered by a 100-240
±10% VAC power supply, and housed in a 1.75” X 19“ X 16” 1RU chassis.
MODEL 2015
F = 14050.000
G = +00.0
UPCONVERTER
MENU
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES INC.
EXECUTE
REMOTE POWER
MUTE
ALARM
FRONT
AC
10 MHZ REF
OUTPUT
GND
MONITOR
AND
CONTROL
RF OUT
10 MHZ
EXT REF
INPUT
IF IN
J3
J4
5 4 3 2
1
9 8 7 6
J18
J10
J5
REAR
FIGURE 1.1
Model 2015-145 Front and Rear Panels
10MHz
13.7 to 14.8
GHz BP
70
MHz
IN
VAR
ATT
14.0
to
14.5
GHz
OUT
VAR
ATT
EXT
10 MHz
INT
10 MHz
INT/EXT
10 MHz
CONTROLLER
FIGURE 1.2
2015-145 Manual_D
F = 14050.0000
G = 10.0
Model 2015-145 Upconverter Block Diagram
Page 3
04/08/14
1.2 Technical Characteristics
TABLE 1.1
2115-145 Upconverter Specifications*
Input Characteristics
Impedance / Return Loss
Frequency
Input Level Range
75Ω / 18 dB
70 ± 18 MHz
-30 to -10 dBm
Output Characteristics
Impedance / Return Loss
50Ω / 15 dB
Frequency (See Models)
Output Level Range
Output 1 dB Compression
14.0 to 14.5 GHz
-30 to -10 dBm
+5 dBm
Channel Characteristics
Gain Ranage (adjustable)
Spurious Response
Frequency Response
Group Delay, Maximum
Frequency Sense
Synthesizer Characteristics
0 to +20 dB
< -50 dBC
±1.5 dB, 14.0 - 14.5 GHz out; ± 0.5 dB, 36 MHz BW
0.01 ns/MHz2, parabolic, 0.03 ns/MHz, Linear, 1 ns ripple
Non-inverting
Frequency Accuracy
Frequency Step
± 0.01 ppm internal reference; external reference input
125 kHz Minimum
10 MHz In/Out Level
3 dBm, ± 3 dB
Phase Noise @ F (Hz) >
dBC/Hz
100 MHz
1kHz
10kHz
-70
-70
-80
100kHz
-95
1MHz
-105
Controls, Indicators
Frequency/Gain Selection
Direct Readout LCD, Pushbutton Swiches or Remote Selection
Power; Alarm; Remote; Mute
Green LED, Red LED, Yellow LED, Yellow LED
Remote
RS232C, 9600 baud
Other
RF Connector
SMA (female)
IF Connector
BNC (female)
10 MHz Connectors
BNC (female), 50Ω / 75Ω
Alarm/Remote Connectors
DB9 - NO or NC Contact Closure on Alarm
Size
19 inch, 1 RU Standard Chassis 1.75” high X 16.0” deep
Power
100-24 ±10% VAC, 47-63 Hz, 45 watts maximum
Available Options
-Q
RS485 Remote Interface
-Z
Attenuator 0.1 dB on Upconverter Connectors/Impedance
-M
50Ω N-Type (RF), 50Ω BNC (IF)
-N
50Ω N-Type (RF), 75Ω BNC (IF)
-S
50Ω SMA (RF), 50Ω BNC (IF)
*10˚C to 40˚C; Specifications subject to change without notice.
2015-145 Manual_D
© 2014 Cross Technologies, Inc.
Page 4
04/08/14
1.3 Monitor and Control Interface
A) Remote Serial Interface
Protocol: RS-232C, 9600 baud rate, no parity, 8 data bits, 1 start bit, and 1 stop bit.
(RS-232C, RS-422, or RS-485 - option -Q)
M&C Cable Diagram - Cross Technologies Frequency Converters
Male DB-9
2015/16/17 M&C Port
Female DB-9
PC Com Port
1
1
RX
RX
3
TX
TX
4
DTR
5
SG
6
DSR
6
RTS
7
2
7
3
4
SG
CTS
8
2
5
8
9
9
Connector - Rear panel, DB-9 female
Pinouts (RS-485/422/232C)
Pin
Description
1
Rx-
2
Rx+ (RS-232C)
3
Tx+ (RS-232C)
4
Tx-
5
Ground
6
Alarm Relay - Common
7
Alarm Relay - Normally Open
8
Not Used
9
Alarm Relay - Normally Closed
2015-145 Manual_D
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B) Status Requests Table 1.3 lists the status requests for the 2015-145 and briefly describes them.
*
PLEASE NOTE: The two character {aa}(00-31) prefix, in the table below,
should be used ONLY when RS-485, (OPTION-Q), is selected.
Table 1.3 2015-145 Status Requests
Re
equests
Command
Syntax
Description
Command Status
{aaS1}*
Returns {aaS1bbbbbbbbccddMEA} where:
• bbbbbbbb = Tx frequency
• cc = Input Level
• dd = Tx Gain
• M = Tx RF Status (1 = Normal, 0 = Muted)
• E = External Ref Status (1 = Ext On, 0 = Ext Off)
• A = Alarm Status (0 = NO Alarm, 1 = Alarm)
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C) Commands - Table 1.2 lists the commands for the 2015-145 and briefly describes them. After a command
is sent the 2015-145 sends a return “>” indicating the command has been received and executed.
General Command Format - The general command format is {aaCND...}, where:
{ = start byte
aa = Address (RS-485 only)
C = 1 character, either C (command) or S (status)
N = 1-digit command or status number, 1 through 9
D = 1 character or more of data (depends on command)
} = stop byte
*
PLEASE NOTE: The two character {aa}(00-31) prefix, in the table below,
should be used ONLY when RS-485, (OPTION-Q), is selected.
Table 1.2 2015-145 Commands
Comman
nds
Command
Syntax
Description
Set Transmitter Frequency
{aaC1xxxxxxxx}*
where:
• xxxxxxxx = 8 characters
• Range: 140000000 to 145000000 kHz, 1kHz steps
Set Input Level
{aaCIxx}*
where:
• xx = 2 characters
• Range: 10 to 30 (-10 dB to -30 dB, in 1 dB steps)
Set Transmit Gain
{aaC3xx}*
where:
• xx = 2 characters
• Range: 00 to 20 (0 dB to 20 dB, in 1 dB steps)
Enable Tx
{aaCAx}*
where x =:
• 0 to disable Tx signal
• 1 to enable Tx signal
Enable External 10MHz
{aaCEx}*
where x =:
• 0 to disable External 10MHz ref signal
• 1 to enable External 10MHz ref signal
Enable Remote
#
Just # sign
Disable Remote
{aaCR0}*
{CR and zero}
2015-145 Manual_D
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1.4 Environmental Use Information
A. Rack-Mounting - To mount this equipment in a rack, please refer to the installation instructions
located in the user manual furnished by the manufacturer of your equipment rack.
B. Mechanical loading - Mounting of equipment in a rack should be such that a hazardous condition
does not exist due to uneven weight distribution.
C. Elevated operating ambient temperature - If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly,
the operating ambient temperature of the rack may be greater than room ambient temperature.
Therefore, consideration should be given to Tmra.
D. Reduced air flow - Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the amount of air flow
required for safe operation of the equipment is not compromised. Additional space between units
may be required.
E. Circuit Overloading - Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply
circuit and the effect that overloading of circuits could have on over current protection and supply wiring.
Appropriate consideration of equipment name plate rating should be used, when addressing this concern.
F. Reliable Earthing - Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be maintained. Particular
attention should be given to supply connections other than direct connection to the Branch
(use of power strips).
G. Top Cover - There are no serviceable parts inside the product so, the Top Cover should not be removed.
If the Top Cover is removed the ground strap and associated screw MUST BE REINSTALLED
prior to Top Cover screw replacement. FAILURE TO DO this may cause INGRESS and/or EGRESS
emission problems.
2015-145 Manual_D
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2.0 Installation
2.1 Mechanical
The 2015-145 consists of one RF/Controller PCB which is housed in a 1 RU (1 3/4 inch high) by 16 inch deep
chassis. A switching, ± 12, +24, +5 VDC power supply provides power for the assembly. The 2015-145 can
be secured to a rack using the 4 holes on the front panel. Figure 2.1 shows how the 2015-145 is assembled.
J5
POWER
SUPPLY
SECOND
MIXER/FILTER
OSC
PCB
FIGURE 2.1
2015-145 Manual_D
2015-145 Mechanical Assembly
Page 9
04/08/14
2.2 Rear Panel Input / Output Signals - Figure 2.2 shows the input and output connectors on the rear panel.
J18 - 10 MHz REF OUTPUT
10 MHz reference output,
3 ± 3 dBm, 75 ohms, BNC
female connector.
J4 - IF IN
70 MHz, -30 to -10 dBm input. BNC (female)
connector. See Table 2.2 for other options.
J10 - MONITOR AND CONTROL
DB9 female connector. see Table
2.1.
AC
GND
MONITOR
AND
CONTROL
10 MHZ REF
OUTPUT
5
4
9
3
8
2
7
RF OUT
10 MHZ
EXT REF
INPUT
IF IN
J3
J4
1
6
J5
J18
AC - POWER IN
AC input for switching power supply.
100-240 ±10% VAC, 47-60 Hz.
J10
J3 - 10 MHz EXT REF INPUT
10 MHz external reference input, 3 ± 3 dBm,
50/75 ohms, BNC female connector
FIGURE 2.2
J5 - RF OUT
14.0-14.5 GHz, -30 to -10 dBm output
SMA female connector. See Table 2.2 for
other options.
2015-145 Rear Panel Inputs and Outputs
TABLE 2.1 J10
J10 Pinouts (RS-232C/422/485*)
Pin
Function
1
Rx-
2
Rx+ (RS-232C)
3
Tx+ (RS-232C)
4
Tx-
5
GND
6
Alarm Relay: Common
7
Alarm Relay: Normally Open
8
9
TABLE 2.2
2 IF/RF Connector Options
Option
IF
RF
STD
BNC, 75Ω
SMA, 50Ω
-S
BNC, 50Ω
SMA, 50Ω
Not Used
-N
BNC, 75Ω
N-Type, 50Ω
Alarm Relay: Normally Closed
-M
BNC, 50Ω
N-Type, 50Ω
*Interface: DB-9 Female
Protocol: RS485, RS422, or RS232C (selectable), 9600
baud rate, no parity, 8 data bits, 1 start bit, 1 stop bit
2015-145 Manual_D
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2.3 Front Panel Controls and Indicators - Figure 2.3 shows the front panel controls and indicators.
DS1 - REMOTE LED
Yellow LED indicates
remote operation.
DS6 - POWER LED
Green LED indicates
presence of DC power.
LCD DISPLAY
Display shows frequency in MHz and Gain
in dB, and is used to change settings in
Program mode.
F = 140500.000
G = +10
S1 - MENU/EXECUTE BUTTON
Press this to get into Program mode
and to execute any changes.
MENU
EXECUTE
REMOTE
POWER
MUTE
DS5 - UP MUTE LED
Red LED indicates
upconverter mute.
FIGURE 2.3
ALARM
DS2 - UP ALARM LED
Red LED indicates
upconverter alarm.
S2 - VERT. TOGGLE
S3 - HORIZ. TOGGLE
Vertical toggle switch that controls
Horizontal toggle switch that
values in the Menu items when in
controls which values are being
program mode. Does not function in the adjusted. Does not function in the
normal display mode
normal display mode
2015-145 Front Panel Controls and Indicators
2.4 Installation / Operation
2.4.1 Installing and Operating the 2015-145 Upconverter
1. Connect a -30 dBm to -10 dBm, 70MHz signal to IF IN, J4 (Figure 2.2)
2. Connect RF OUT, J5, to the external equipment.
3. Connect 100- 240 ± 10% VAC, 47 - 63 Hz to AC input on the back panel.
4. Set the desired output frequency (See Section 2.5 Menu Settings).
5. Set the input level (See Section 2.5 Menu Settings).
6. Set the gain for 0 to +20 dB. Make sure the output stays within -30 to -10 dBm with the gain selected
and the input level provided. The firmware will prevent setting gain and input level outside this
range. (See Section 2.5 Menu Settings).
7. Be sure DS6 (green, DC Power) is on and DS2 (red, Alarm) is off (Figure 2.3).
8. AC Fuse - The fuse is a 5 mm X 20 mm, 2 amp slow blow (Type T) and is inserted in the far slot in the
drawer below the AC input as shown in Figure 2.4. There is a spare fuse in the near slot. If a fuse
continues to open, the power supply is most likely defective.
2015-145 Manual_D
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FUSE DRAWER
SPARE FUSE
AC Fuse - 5 amp slow blow (Type T),
5 mm X 20 mm
INPUT
~
~
100-240± 10%VAC
47-63 Hz
2A MAX
FIGURE 2.4
2015-145 Manual_D
FUSE
TYPE T 5A GDC
250 VOLT
FOR 100 - 240 V~
Fuse Location and Spare Fuse
Page 12
04/08/14
2.5 Menu Settings
2.5.1 Functions - This section describes operation of the front panel controls. There are three operator
switches, the LCD display and alarm indicator LEDs. All functions for the equipment are controlled by these
components. The functions are (see Figure 2.5):
Power Up
Normal Display
Menu 1
Menu 2
Menu 3
Menu 4
Menu 5
Menu 6
Menu 7
Menu 8
Frequency in MHz
Input Level in dBm (-30 to -10)
Gain in dB (0 to +20)
Mute TX Signal
Set Unit to Remote Operation
Select External 10 MHz Reference
Select RS232, RS422, or RS485 Remote Operation (option Q)
Select RS485 Remote Address for Unit (option Q)
Save Menu
When “R” is selected in any of the above menus or when operator reaches the end
Alarm indications appear on the LEDs (see figure 2.2).
All program changes must start with the operation of the Menu/Execute switch and must also end with the
operation of the Menu/Execute switch verified by the “Save Settings?” Menu. If this sequence is not followed,
none of the changes will take effect. If programming is initiated and no operator action takes place for
approximately 12 seconds (before the final press of the Menu/Execute switch) the display will revert to its
previous status and you will need to start over.
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2.5.2. Power On Settings
NOTE: The last status of a unit is retained even when power is removed. When power is restored, the unit
will return to it's previous settings.
When power is first applied, the LCD display goes through three steps.
1.The LCD goes black to show all segments are functioning.
2.The software version will be displayed.
REV 1.00
3.The present frequency, gain, and selected RF output of the upconverter is shown.
F = 14050.000
G = +10.0
The unit is now operational and ready for any changes the operator may desire.
2.5.3 Control Switches
1. Menu/Execute - Any change to the programming of the unit must be initiated by pressing the
Menu/Execute switch and completed by pressing the Menu/Execute switch.
2. Horizontal Switch - This switch is mounted so its movement is horizontal and moves the cursor left or
right.
3. Vertical Switch - This switch is mounted so its movement is vertical and has two functions:
A. During frequency, gain changes, the vertical movement will raise or lower the number in the
direction of the arrows.
B. For other functions such as Mute on/off, the vertical switch will alternately turn the function on
or off regardless of the direction operated.
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2.5.4 Frequency Changes
At any time during the modification process, if you have made a mistake and do not wish to save the changes
you have made, do not press the Menu/Execute switch; simply do nothing for approximately 12 seconds,
and the system will return to the normal operating mode or scroll to “R” and push the menu/Execute switch
and select “NO” in the “SAVE SETTINGS?” window.
To change the FREQUENCY:
Operate the Menu/Execute switch until you get to the menu item you want to change see Figure 2.5 for
the sequence of menu options. The following display is for changing the upconverter frequency:
F = 14050.000
R
Pressing the Up/Down switch down will toggle the display to:
F = 14150.000
R
By using the horizontal rocker switch the cursor can be moved left or right .
F = 14150.000
R
NOTE: CHANGES DO NOT TAKE PLACE ON FREQUENCY UNTIL YOU GO TO THE SAVE
MENU AND INDICATE YOU WANT TO SAVE THE CHANGES. THE CARRIER IS MUTED
WHEN FREQUENCY IS CHANGED.
When the display indicates the value desired you can push the Menu/Execute switch to the next item:
INLVL = -20
R
OR you can scroll to “R”, push the Menu/Execute switch to get to:
SAVE SETTINGS?
Y N
Selecting Y will save the new settings. Selecting N will revert to the previous settings.
Pushing the Menu/Execute switch then takes you to the default display:
F = 14150.000
G = +10.0
Figure 2.5 shows all the menu items and how to make changes.
2015-145 Manual_D
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2.5.5 Gain Changes
When you get to this menu note that the gain changes will be made as you make them but if you do not wish to
save the changes you have made, scroll to “R” and push the menu/Execute switch and select “NO” in the
“SAVE SETTINGS?” window or do not press the Menu/Execute switch; simply do nothing for
approximately 12 seconds, and the system will return to the normal operating mode.
To change the GAIN, first push the Menu/Execute switch to get to the gain setting:
Operate the Menu/Execute switch until you get to the menu item you want to change (see Figure 2.5 for
the sequence of menu options). The following display is for changing the upconverter input level. This
is an important setting to optimize spurious and should be made as accurately as possible:
INLVL = -20
R
NOTE: CHANGES TAKE PLACE ON LEVEL AND GAIN IMMEDIATELY BUT DO NOT GET
SAVED UNTIL YOU GO TO THE SAVE MENU AND INDICATE YOU WANT TO SAVE THE
CHANGES.
Press the Up/Down switch to change the level in 1 dB steps and then push the Menu/Execute switch to
get to the Gain setting:
G = +10.0
R
Press the Up/Down switch to change the gain in 1 or 10 dB steps:
G = +20.0
R
By using the horizontal rocker switch the cursor can be moved left or right. Pressing the Up/Down
switch down will toggle the display digit selected until you have the desired gain.
NOTE: THE GAIN WILL BE CHANGED AS YOU ADJUST THE NUMBERS. HOWEVER, THE
VALUE WILL NOT BE STORED UNTIL YOU INDICATE YES IN THE SAVE SETTINGS
WINDOW. DO NOT SET A GAIN THAT WOULD EXCEED -10 dBm OR HAVE LESS THAN -30 dBm
OUTPUT LEVEL. THE FIRMWARE DOES PREVENT YOU FROM THIS.
When the display indicates the value desired you can push the Menu/Execute switch to the next item
OR you can scroll to “R”, push the Menu/Execute switch to get to:
SAVE SETTINGS?
Y N
Selecting Y will save the new settings. Selecting N will revert to the previous settings.
Pushing the Menu/Execute switch then takes you to:
F = 14150.000
G = +20.0
Figure 2.5 gives the menu items and how to make changes
2015-145 Manual_D
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2.5.5 Alarm Indications
An alarm condition for will occur if the local oscillator phase lock loop (PLL) comes out of lock. The Mute
LED will light if you select to mute the Tx Signal and the Remote LED will light when you select the Remote
mode.
ON POWER UP
REV 1.00
Power Up
NORMAL DISPLAY
F = 14050.000
G = +10.0
Normal Display
PUSH BUTTON
PUSHING MENU/EXECUTE SEQUENCE
F = 14050.000
Menu 1 Set Frequency
R
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
Menu 2 Set Input Level (from
-30 to -10)
INLVL = -20
Menu 3 Set Gain (0 to +20)
G = +10
R
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
R
MUTE
R
OFF
REMOTE
Menu 6 Select External 10 MHz
Reference
EXT REF OFF
Menu 7 Set Remote Mode
(option -Q ONLY)
RS 485
Menu 8 Set RS-485 Address
(option -Q ONLY)
ADDRESS = 00
Save Settings? At the end or
when “R” is selected from any of
the above menus
SAVE SETTINGS?
R
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
R
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
R
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
FIGURE 2.5
2015-145 Manual_D
R
OFF
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
Menu 5 Set Unit to Remote
Operation
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
SCROLL
Menu 4 Mute TX signal
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL
PUSH BUTTON
PUSH BUTTON
SCROLL <>
PUSH BUTTON
Y N
Menu Display and Sequence
Page 17
04/08/14
CROSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6170 Shiloh Road
Alpharetta, Georgia 30005
(770) 886-8005
FAX (770) 886-7964
Toll Free 888-900-5588
WEB www.crosstechnologies.com
E-MAIL info@crosstechnologies.com
Printed in USA
2015-145 Manual_D
Page 18
04/08/14
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