PublicForum_10.3.06

PublicForum_10.3.06
Mayor
and Councilors
good evening
Rd in Ashland and I represent
seeking to
Ashland
create
to
an
Im Pip
Cornall from 451 Waterline
Ashland Australian and global group
departments of peace in countries globally
become
a
peace
city
Ill be
and support the creation of a
peace in the US and worldwide
Mayor and Councilors
asking
department of
I want to start
by acknowledging all the good work
do
for
the
I
know
you
that sometimes despite your good intentions
city
you
are
criticized
harshly
That is the old paradigm method and as we move towards
a
city
becoming
that way of behaving will diminish
If you ask
peace
Ashlanders if they would like to live in a
peaceful city who s
structure and policies reflect a clear choice to live
peacefully my guess is
that every single person without exception would
YES and that no one
most
say
would endorse violence
when it
comes to how
domination
or
as a
standard practice
they and their loved ones
are
especially
treated
Not
surprisingly this reflects our city s history since in a series of City
Council declarations over the last 30 years we have
proved our support for
principles
Including
peace
Declaring the City of Ashland
J
10
v
a
NUCLEAR FREE ZONE in
1981 82
Endorsing the VALDEZ PRINCIPLES
Ju
The
1
1 paCSL
May 15th 1990
5th
2003
PEACE
August
DECLARATION by then Mayor Alan
r commemorating Hiroshima and
Nagasaki Days on Aug 6th
on
tlB
You have received
on
two
encouraging the council
city
and in
so
to
occasions
adopt
doing support
the
a
May
Sept 2006
resolution for Ashland
global
my emails
to
movement to create
become
a
peace
departments of
peace in countries worldwide
I included
some
draft resolutions that the council could modify and
In June 2006 in Canada I attended the international
create
lepartments
departrhents of p
people
adopt
summit to
of peace in countries worldwide The movement to create
a global netwdtk of
peace cities is well underwa
2E
s
iij1cl
yf2 fJllJI7
Ja6nas
1
Such
determined and coordinated alliance will not fail and I would like to
invite Ashland to come on board In this time of
increasing world conflict it
is imperative that progressive cities such as Ashland lead others
a
by fully
adopting the peace paradigm principles
After my short presentation tonight I request this proposal be placed onto the
agenda for the next council meeting and or I meet with councilors who are
willing to support
What is
a
Peace
it
City
Like
Community Policing it can mean many things
initially could be kept simple The original impetus
declarations
It is infinite
really
behind Peace
but
City
the United Nations Education Science and Culture
Organisation s UNESCO efforts in encouraging local communities around
the world to build a culture of peace The United Nations stressed this
element in its 2002 Study on Disarmament and Non proliferation Education
which stated
was
Municipal leaders working with citizen groups are encouraged to
establish peace cities as part of the UNESCO Cities for Peace network
through for example the creation ofpeace museums peace parks web
sites and the production of booklets on
peacemakers andpeacemaking
Here
are a
few ideas
Mention Conflict
A peace
Map Handout
mapping
city would adopt
legislation
It would
discuss Ashland Peace
to create
support
proposed
federal
Ashland has
a
our
the resolution in favor of the proposed federal
United States Department of Peace and see handout
Senator
legislation
s
and
Representative
to create
a
s
United States
sponsorship
of the
Department of Peace
already joined
the Mayors for Peace network which brings
cities together in a program to achieve a nuclear weapons free world The
Peace City proposal is much broader than disarmament It would be a
collaborative effort between the City Council and Ashlanders to help address
2
the root
and to
of conflicts and violence in order to enhance peace in the
contribute to making the world a more peaceful place
causes
city
My colleague in Wellington NZ sent me information on their peace city
plan We could do similar by bringing together all groups and individuals
who support peace practice and principles
The
Wellington Foundation
has established
a
Peace
City Committee
with
representatives from
Council of Trade Unions
Federation of Ethnic Councils
Hokotehi Moriori Trust
Make
Poverty History
National Consultative Committee
on
Disarmament
Nepalese Community
New Zealand
House of Representatives
NZ Multicultural Music
NZ Nurses
Organisation
Friendship Society
NZ Sri Lanka
Oxfam
Parliamentary Network
for Nuclear Disarmament
Peace Movement Aotearoa
Prisoner
Aid and Rehabilitation Service
Soka Gakkai International
s
Wellington International Poetry Festival
Peace Foundation
Wellington
Wellington Refugee
Council
Women
s
International
Office
League for Peace and Freedom
Wellington
Branch
Promoting existing
Wellington is home
to
activities related to the
activities in
a
Wellington
related to peace
large number of organizations that are engaged in
development of a culture
of peace such
as
peace groups
mediation services
3
conflict resolution trainers
servIce
groups
ethnic education and support groups
human rights groups
international
friendship
societies
family support services
youth groups
religious support groups
The Council is also involved in activities related
which include
to
the culture of peace
Sister
City links
organizing an annual Race Relations Day
maintaining the Peace Flame and Peace Tree in the Botanical Gardens
participating in the Mayors for Peace organization
displaying ofa Welcome to Wellington capital of nuclear free New
Zealand sign near the Airport
The Peace
City declaration
and programme would establish
overall
framework
that
will
increased
collaboration
unifying
between
encourage
events groups and activities and also
them
with
much greater
provide
public exposure This would be achieved through 3 primary mechanisms
New initiatives related to
community
Wellington
an
culture of peace will benefit from the
resources that the Council
already provides like
s
community grants
discounted
meeting space
listing of upcoming community events
webpage hosting through the Regional
Mayor
on
the Council
s
website
2020 Communications Trust
Deputy Mayor level engagement at the openings of events related
are possible but should be evaluated on a case
by case basis
or
to peace
New initiatives related to
community
resources
culture of peace will benefit from the
that the Council already provides like
Wellington
s
community grants
discounted
listing
meeting space
community
of upcoming
events
on
the Council
s
website
4
webpage hosting through
Mayor
or
to peace
the Regional 2020 Communications Trust
Deputy Mayor level engagement at the openings of events related
possible but should be evaluated on a case by case basis
are
War Journalism Peace Journalism
Most of the media that exist in the United States today exhibit
characteristics of war media At any given time television channels
broadcast the following items
who make derisive comments
or
to
variations
get
a
on
laugh
these themes
cartoon
sit
com
actors
characters that beat
each other up in order to survive until the end of the episode dramas that
uphold the stereotype that rapists abductors and serial killers prey on
middle class
documentaries which show how only the strongest
animals survive athletes who compete to prove that only one can win and
news stories that recount endless acts of violence
Two
women
examples of successful conflict transformation programs
include Ohio
practice
s
State Wide School Conflict
of Community
improvement
Management Initiative and the
Conferencing
The Ohio initiative reports an
in academic achievement a reduction in truancy fewer
suspensions and expulsions
decrease in time spent on dealing with
discipline fmancial cost savings to schools and an improvement in overall
school climate as a result of integrating non violent dispute resolution
techniques into middle school and high school curriculums The annual cost
per student for the conflict
for
suspending
a
a
management initiative is
student and
431 for expelling
a
12
compared
student
to
231
Peace Alliance
2006
In
which suffer from
high crime rates there is social change through
Community Conferencing a restorative justice method which brings
together all the relevant parties In doing so all parties have the chance to
areas
express themselves and their needs and
meets
the needs of all
recidivism
at 10
practices peace
parties The
can
program
contribute to
reports
a
60
a
solution which
reduction in
of the cost of current criminal justice and
disciplinary
Alliance 2006
5
August
Mayor
s
Declaration
Every year on August
5 2003
City Council Meeting
Commemorate Hiroshima Day August
Nagasaki Day August 7th
to
6 the
6th and
of Hiroshima holds a Peace Memorial
Ceremony to pray for the peaceful repose of the victims for the abolition of
nuclear weapons and for lasting world peace During that
ceremony the
mayor issues a Peace Declaration directed toward the world at large As
city
long
the need
Hiroshima
persists
mayor will continue to issue these
declarations calling for the elimination of nuclear weapons from the face of
the earth This is part of Hiroshima s effort to build a world of genuine and
lasting world peace where no population will ever again experience the cruel
as
devastation suffered
by
s
Hiroshima and
Nagasaki
6
AIlILj
Dear
Councilo
We the
1M
undersigned members of DoPeace request that it the following resolution be read aloud
and accepted as Public Input at the upcoming council
meeting We are requesting that the topic of
a resolution be
on
the
next
passing
put
council meeting and a vote be made to pass
agenda for the
the resolution A draft ofthe proposed resolution follows
We the
undersigned members of DoPeace wish to call your attention to pending
federal level and suggest that you adopt a resolution in its support because of the
benefits it would bring to the community of Ashland
legislation
following
at the
There is
is
currently an historic citizen lobbying effort to create a U S Department ofPeace There
currently a bill before both Houses ofCongress House Resolution 3760 and Senate 1756
This historic
measure
nonviolent solutions
The campaign
response to
It represents
can
to save
to
the
an
will augment
to the
establish
problem
our
problems
a
US
current
problem solving modalities providing practical
of domestic and international conflict
Department of Peace
important
the world for
members
an
Pip Cornall
one
aspect ofa fundamental
collective effort as American citizens
children s children
to do
everything we possibly
our
There is also an historic coordinated international
critical mass of countries throughout the world
To this end there is
is only
ofviolence but it is critical
movement to create
Departments
of Peace in
a
international summit and training in Canada in June 2006 which one ofour
from our Oregon district 2 DoPeace group will be
The
countries include US UK Canada
attending
Japan Australia Italy and Nepal
We the
undersigned are members of a group DoPeace representing Oregon District 2 to create
Departments of Peace in the US and other countries There are currently over 300 such groups in
50 US states
Thank you
The DoPeace District 2 Team
451 Waterline Rd Ashland
Oregon 97520 541 840 5836
Lynn Perkins P o Box 1365 206 Talent Ave Talent 97540 541 512 1549
Shaktari Belew 345 Alta Ave Ashland 97520 488 2518
Pip Cornall
Please read draft ofresolution
prior to next
Support Establishing
a
meeting
United States
Department
of Peace
WHEREAS
during the 108th Congress Rep Dennis Kucinich Democrat ofOhio
introduced in the United States House of Representatives
proposed federal legislation to
create a United States
ofPeace
which
Department
of
garnered the
two
sponsorship
52 members ofthe United States House of
Representatives and
WHEREAS during the 109th Congress which
its session on
began
proposed federa1legislation to create
a
January
fifty
1 2005 the
United States Department ofPeace will be
reintroduced and
WHEREAS the
proposed federal legislation to create a United States Department of
Peace will establish a cabinet level Department of Peace which will be headed
by a
of
who
will
Peace
advise
the
on
Secretary
President
issues that are both domestic and
international in scope and
WHEREAS the Department ofPeace will consist of seven 7 offices
An Office of Peace Education and
including
Training
Develop peace curriculum and supporting
department of education in each state
a
materials for distribution to the
For the
building of communicative peace skills nonviolent conflict resolution
objectives to increase knowledge of peace processes including
development of a Peace Academy
skills and other
the
An Office of Domestic Peace Activities whose
1 to
on
develop policies that increase
domestic violence and
2 to
awareness
responsibilities
are
about intervention and counseling
conflict
develop policy alternatives for
the treatment of drug and alcohol abuse
3 to
develop new policies and build on existing programs responsive to the
prevention ofcrime including the development of community policing strategies
and peaceful settlement skills among police and other
public safety officers and
4 to
develop community
based
strategies
tolerance
for
celebrating diversity
An Office of International Peace Activities whose
and
promoting
responsibilities
are
1 to
provide for the training and deployment of all Peace Academy graduates and
other nonmilitary conflict prevention and
peacemaking personnel
2 to sponsor country and regional conflict
initiatives in countries experiencing social
prevention and dispute resolution
political and economic strife
3 to advocate the creation of a multinational nonviolent
peace force
4 to
provide training
for the administration of post conflict reconstruction and
tom societies and
demobilization in war
5 to
who
provide for the exchange between individuals ofthe U S and other nations
endeavoring to develop domestic and international peace based
are
initiatives
An Office of
1
Technology
to carry out the
impact
for Peace whose
responsibilities
are
functions in the
of developing
new
department affecting the awareness study
technologies on the creation and maintenance of
and
domestic and international peace
2 to provide grants for the research and
development of technologies in
and
transportation communications
energy that are nonviolent in their
application
and encourage the conservation and
sustainability ofnatural
in order to prevent future conflicts
regarding scare resources
An Office of Anns Control and Disannament whose
1
to advise
resources
responsibilities
are
the
Secretary ofPeace on all interagency discussions and all
international negotiations regarding the reduction and elimination of
weapons of
mass destruction throughout the world
the
including
dismantling ofsuch weapons
and the safe and
secure
storage
ofrelated materials
2 to assist nations international
agencies and non governmental
assessing the locations ofthe buildup ofnuclear arms
3 to develop nonviolent
to deter the
strategies
testing
or use
defensive nuclear weapons whether based on land air
sea
organizations
of offensive
or
in
or
in outer space
4 to
serve as a depository for copies of all contracts
agreements and treaties that
deal with the reduction and elimination of nuclear
weapons or the protection of
outer space for
militarization and
5 to provide technical support and
legal assistance
for the
implementation
ofsuch
agreements
An Office of Peaceful Coexistence and Nonviolent Conflict Resolution
whose responsibilities are
1
to carry out those
relating
to
functions in the
creating initiating
and
and nonviolent conflict resolution
2 to study the
department affecting research and analysis
modeling approaches to peaceful coexistence
impact of war especially
on
the
children which shall include the effect of war
health
physical and mental condition of
the environment and public
on
3
to publish
monthlyjournal
scholarly participation
4 to
a
gather information
on
effective
disseminate such information
organizations in
ofthe activities ofthe
department
and encourage
community peace building activities
to local
governments and
non
and
governmental
the U S and abroad
5 to research the effect of violence in the media and make such
reports available
to the Congress annually and
6 to sponsor conferences
the department and
An Office of Human
responsibilities
1
throughout
the U S to create
awareness
ofthe work of
Rights and Economic Rights whose
are
to carry out those
functions ofthe
department supporting the principles ofthe
passed by the General Assembly of the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
United Nations on December 10 1948
2 to assist the
Secretary of Peace in cooperation with the Secretary of State in
furthering
incorporation of principles of human rights as enunciated in the
United Nations General Assembly Resolution of December 10 1948 into all
agreements between the U S and other nations to help reduce the causes of
the
violence
3
to gather
and
information
internationally
on
and document human
and recommend to the
rights abuses both domestically
Secretary of Peace nonviolent
responses to correct abuses
4 to make such findings available to other
nonviolent conflict resolution
agencies in
order to facilitate
5 to conduct economic
analyses ofthe scarcity of human and natural resources
ofconflict and to make recommendations to the
Secretary ofPeace for
nonviolent prevention ofsuch scarcity nonviolent intervention in case of
as
a source
and the
scarcity
causes
scarcity
development of programs ofassistance for people experiencing
whether due to armed
conflict
distribution
mal
of resources
such
or
natural
and
6 to assist the
Secretary of Peace in cooperation with the Secretary ofState and
Secretary of Treasury in developing strategies regarding the sustainability and
the management of the distribution of funds from international
agencies the
conditions regarding the receipt ofsuch funds and the impact of those conditions
on the
peace and stability of the recipient nations
the
WHEREAS the
proposed federal legislation to create a United States Department of
City ofAshland by holding peace as an organizing principle for the
American Society which will change the tone of the society and
Peace will benefit the
WHEREAS the
proposed federal legislation to create a United States Department of
City ofAshland by developing new programs that relate to the
societal challenges of domestic violence school violence
guns racial or ethnic violence
violence against gays and lesbians and
relations disputes which will
community
police
assist members of our Police Department in experiencing fewer
dangerous encounters
while
runs and
routine
especially
making
Peace will benefit the
WHEREAS the
proposed federal legislation to create a United States Department of
City ofAshland by encouraging the development of initiatives
from the community its religious groups and its non governmental
organizations which
will cause greater community involvement thereby
a
creating stronger City and
Peace will benefit the
WHEREAS the
proposed federal legislation to create a United States Department of
City ofAshland by eventually reducing federal spending on the
which
is 399 billion for fiscal year 2004 2005 thereby redirecting funds
military budget
to the states and cities and assisting in the
balancing of our City budget
Peace will benefit the
WHEREAS the
proposed federal legislation
Peace has
to create
a
fifty two 52 sponsors of the members of the
Representatives now therefore be it
United States
Department
of
United States House of
THEREFORE NOW BE IT RESOLVED that the Ashland City Council adopts this
resolution in favor of the proposed federal legislation to create a United States
Department
ofPeace and be it
FURTHER RESOLVED that the Ashland City Council adopts this resolution in support
ofour Senator s and Representative s
sponsorship ofthe proposed federal legislation to
create
a
United States Department of Peace
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Draft Resolution before the
in
support
City Council of Ashland
Department of Peace
of the creation of a United States
July 25 2005
Whereas
military conflicts
innocent civilians
women
in the
20th century alone have killed millions
and children and
of people
most of them
dawn of the 21 st century violence is an
overarching theme in the world
encompassing personal group national and international conflict extending to the
production of
nuclear biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction which
have been
Whereas
on
even
at the
land in the air under the
Whereas
have inherited
as
Whereas
reflection of
an
inevitable human condition without
we can
strive to make peace inevitable and
nonviolent methods of resistance have been successful in conflicts where
violence did
ranging
from India
struggle
for
War to the great strides made towards
independence to breaking down
integration in the United States and
Whereas
more
the United
preparations
status of our
s
States spends
than the next
no
efforts
single government entity assigned
to
report
to the American
to achieve peace and
Whereas the existence ofcabinet level
positions focuses
the
Whereas
energies
not
the walls of the Cold
twenty nations combined
and
Whereas there is
use
is
States and the world and indeed whether
succeed
a
for
really inevitable whether the structures of thought word and deed which
any longer sufficient for the sustainability growth and survival of the United
war
are
developed
and in outer space and
such conflict is often taken
questioning whether
we
sea
on
military
people
on
the
ofthe country and
implementing nonviolent approaches for domestic programs
requires broad education understanding research and concerted efforts and
and
foreign
Whereas H R 1673 a bill which has 73 co sponsors and which would establish the
Peace has been introduced into the U S
Congress and
mediation
Department
of
Whereas a Department of Peace would
provide a structure to shift the paradigm in our country
toward peace a shift which is needed now more than ever to reflect
the human spirit of trust
respect and integrity and
Whereas
of our
Now
a
a
decrease in conflict and violence will both
save
federal money and
strengthen
the fabric
country
therefore
be it resolved that the
Cabinet Level U S
organizing principles
City Council of Ashland supports and affirms the creation of
of Peace to study and advance
peace and non violence as the
in all human relations from families and
to courts and
Department
congresses to cities states and nations
neighborhoods
FOR CITY COUNCIL ASHLAND OREGON PACKET RE
AGENDA
REQUEST TO
RESOLUTION TO SUPPORT LT EHREN WATADA
First U S
Military Officer
and Occupation of Iraq
to
Publicly Resist Illegal
War
CONTENTS
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2
Donate from
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Lt Watada addresses national veterans convention
Jamail Truthout org 8
3
4
Iraq
combat vets
explain support
www
2006
16
www
by Sarah
thankyoult org
Gen takes stand for
8 17 2006 from
hearing succeeds in placing war
thankyoult org
on
trial 8
2006
18
www
Court brief by Historians
City Support Expected
27
8
9
by Dahr
thankyoult org
for Lt Watada
Undersecretary
at
Against
Friends Service Committee from
8
www
from
Military Hearing
thankyoult org
Watada
from
7
8
United Nations former
Lt Watada
6
from
Lt Watada s mother asks for your support by Carolyn Ho
Ehren s mom 8 15 2006 from www thankyoult org
Olson Truthoutorg
5
2006
14
2006 from
www
the War and the American
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For Soldier s
abclocal go
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Iraq
Refusal
com
Statement from the Buddhist Peace Fellowship In Support
of Lt Ehren Watada 8 25 2006 and What You Can Do to
Support
Lt Watada from
10 Statement in
by
Support
www
bpf org
of First Lieutenant Ehren Watada article
Debbie Clark of Veterans for Peace Greater Atlanta Chapter
125 d clark@antiwar com 770 855 6163
11 A Broken De Humanized
26 2006 from
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truthout org
in
Iraq by
Dahr Jamail
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Lt Watada addresses national veterans convention
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10 3 2006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Lt Watada addresses national veterans convention
did it to
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10 3 2006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Lt Watada addresses national veterans convention
traitor both to
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10 312006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Lt Watada addresses national veterans convention
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10 3
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Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Lt Watada addresses national veterans convention
spend
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10
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3
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Lt Watada addresses national veterans convention
Page
7 of 7
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Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Lt Watada s mother asks for your
1 of 2
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support
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Home
s
By Carolyn
Ho
August 15
2006
J
mother asks for your support
Ehren
s
On June 22
mom
became the firs
Donate
officer to
Dear Fellow Americans
Petition
International
U
Lieutenant Ehl
and
I
Community
am
publici
deployment
Citizens of the
Iraq
the mother of Lt
tc
War and
c
Contact Us
Watada
Ehren
Add Your Name
He
was
part of
deployed
Take Action
an
to
officer stationed at Ft
unit that
Stryker brigade
a
Iraq
on
June 22nd
Lewis
On that fateful
movement order and chose not to board the
In the News
In
unrelenting
Support
Organizations
pressure to conform from the
in
conviction
He believed that he could support his
an
illegal
war
American lives
Resource Toolkit
the
ThankYouLT Hawaii
and
immoral
day
of
defied the
quietly
with his
Lt
Despite
men
best
men
not
by
being
an
an
serve
accomplice
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them
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policy
a
that
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uses our
and
a
gentlema
movement
against
troops for
On
unethical purposes
recommended
Videos
Search
Through rigorous scrutiny
of the facts
consultation with experts
inside and outside of the military and the structures of
government
name
of
administration that used
emptive
pre
what is
right
allegiance
to
but
longer
He could
democracy
nothing
no
deception
He realized that he had not
war
no
martial
be silent while atrocities
be
longer
a
tool of
and lies to make the
September
charge
an
case
for
For the first tim
military
deploy
objector
for his
and institutions
and domestic
him with
missing movement
behavior
unbecoming
years in
and to
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Lt Watada fulfilled his
Iraq
to
an
duty
lawful orders
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the
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against
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Day
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reports
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mother
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the disconnect between what I had taught
not find words to
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but admiration and
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urgently needec
have him do Initially the moment of truth
honestly could
response that
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including
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military prison
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transcends the
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was
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24
August
pre trial hearin
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conduct unbeco
them
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towards Presit
he remained true to his
deployment
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charged
submitted his request for
occupation that had already claimed countless Iraqi and
He believed that he could
rather than
war
to the
he
discharge
into
January 2006
plane
day
he
day
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experience
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son
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10 312006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Lt Watada
has my unconditional
s
mother asks for your
Play
Message
to submit evidence
supporting
amendment rights remains to be
Video
to
support of Lt Ehren Watada
now
during
his pre trial
Aug 17th and 18th and into the future Whether or not he is
on
permitted
2 of 2
support
I invite you to affirm your
hearing
Page
support
that the world is
watching
On
August
National
are
asked to conduct teach
seen
and that
his refusal to
Nevertheless
deploy
and his first
the military must know
justice must be served
supporters
Iraq
war
dialog
16th
and
can
addition
Join
rallies
during
For
inspire
in
us
groups
nationally
and
internationally
of the
illegality and immorality
in schools homes
bannering vigils
the
This is
masses
the
laying
an
etc
churches
community centers
will be held at Ft
opportunity
Lewis and
to raise consciousness
etc In
Posters
throughout
t sh
and
to empower
to action
for
groundwork
mass
mobilization and civil disobedience
the court martial
updates
on
news
kit to assist you in
Education
and actions
conducting
for posters
toward the Lt
www
Education
ins to address the
occupation and the message Lt Watada conveys Instruction and
be conducted
the US and abroad
and to
Day of
Watada
a
leaflets
s
legal
regarding
teach in
on
Lt
Watada
August
for a downloadable tool
16th
National
Day
T shirts and instructions for making
defense fund
please refer
a
of
donation
to the official web site
thankyoult org
Peace and Gratitude
Carolyn
Ho
Ehren
s
Mom
Prey
Next
Back
@ 2006 Friends and
www
thankyoult org
Family
of Lt Watada
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Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Iraq combat
explain support for
vets
Lt Watada
Page
1 of 6
y
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1
1
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i
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ThankYoul
Iraq combat
Main Menu
vets
explain
support for Lt
On June 22
Watada
By
Donate
Sarah Olson
16
August
truthout org
became the firs
2006
officer to
Petition
was
Contact Us
the
Specifically
Add Your Name
fumbling about
failing
Take Action
In the News
tank
in the dark
body
driver
had been
wedged between
squishing
out from
for and
on
the
who
Lt
Watada
has
his tank
with c
charged
ground
towards Presil
he realized he
His boots
Iraq War and
Iraqis
firing
tc
was
looking
flashlight swept
s
around his feet
Organizations
looking
Army
before
When Hicks
Support
for a
to find the remains of the
moments
Resource
publici
deployment
Clifton Hicks
In
U
Lieutenant Ehl
Home
standing
was
in the remains of
the rib cage and the
pelvis
a man
Literally
conduct unbeco
blood and human organs
and
a
beneath the souls of his shoes
gentlema
movement
Toolkit
It s this
experience and others like it that made Hicks question the
war
in
ThankYouLT Hawaii
also
Photos
compelled
him to
highest ranking
support US Army First Lieutenant Ehren Watada
member of the
military
to
publicly
refuse to
deploy
to
Iraq
It
On
August 24 t
the
pre trial
Iraq
Videos
hearin
recommended
martial
28 year old Lieutenant Watada
Search
several weeks after
charged
He is
count of
announcing his opposition to the
orders
war
with six violations of the Uniform Code of
missing troop
toward officials
gentleman
disobeyed deployment
movement
two counts of
and three counts of conduct
An Article 32
decide whether to
hearing
proceed
with a
Lieutenant Watada could face
at
over
June 22nd
press conference
Military
Justice
an
officer and
September
charge
15
was
ad
one
speaking contemptuously
unbecoming
For the first tim
a
the
is scheduled for Thursday
general
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on
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all
on
August 17th to
military
objector
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for his
court martial If tried and convicted
faces
7 years in
prison
over
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GI resistance is
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renegade
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Lt
Watada
Day of
Up with
reports
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upon whom enlisted
officers alike look with
But Clifton Hicks is
of
Iraq
war
http
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including
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Watada
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for every veteran
supports Lieutenant Watada publicly
there
they
scorn
men
combat veterans who
Lieutenant And
who
growing
trend
Army would like to depict Lieutenant
Watada
June 27 National
a
hundreds
more
Clifton Hicks
who feel
out
radicaldesigns orgcontentview 11761
10 3 2006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Iraq combat
Millard is
Geoffrey
speaking publicly
military
and
growing
trend
They
Message
Video
to
supporters
When
he
Lieutenant Watada
supporting
in
Iraq between
American GIs
they
re
they
This
Mejia
to the war
he says
is the
It shows
going
to
to
why they
ordered to deploy
was
beginning
are
about
talking
He
2004 and 2005
are
Lieutenant Watada hadn t
war
Lt Watada
sergeant in the Army National Guard and has
a
or
resisting orders
are
AWOL And
Play
was
explain support for
vets
the
respect
doing
2 of 6
problem
spent eight years in the
He says GI resistance is
jail going
re
no
Page
a
Nuremberg principles
to Canada
and
going
it
Millard says he didn t
know how to resist the
forward I didn t know about Camilo
come
importance of Lieutenant Watada
who
military personnel
public opposition
s
with the
disagree
Iraq
another
war
path
Posters
t sh
and
Millard says it
brutality
during
important that leaders like Lieutenant Watada
s
and duration
his tour of
of the US occupation demand it He remembers
duty
when
soldier
a
countless
making
colonel said
commanding
entire
a
day
entire
If these
This is
happen
accompanying
and the colonel
bloodline
one
the
implied
of
Iraq
it
was
clearly
not
to offend and demean them
using language designed
driver Clifton Hicks says the
difference for the
a
we were
an
an
the
conditioned to hate them
were
Army tank
out
wiped
killing
on a car
Millard has of the dehumanization
examples
the victims fault
We
fire
would learn to drive this shit wouldn t
This person
war
opened
the
family During the evening briefing
fucking Hajjis
supported
are
conditioned to
Lieutenant Watada
belief
s
We didn t
Iraqi people
hate them
He says
that the
presence in
military
war
is
Iraq
about
care
is
because
Iraqis
he knows from experience that
and
illegal
immoral is the correct
position
Hicks is haunted
by
between US armed
Hicks
is
activity
called
were
shot
one
spoke
most was
Some of the
a
six year old
a
stupid Army
road
s
just how callous
Hicks said he had
mother
or
thankyoult
li
ve
ve
news were
they
were
heard
had been
and
celebrations
girl
was
killed
we
and it
they
as
from the
platoon sergeant
said to
us
was
for continue mission
was
like it
never
had become I didn t
thoughts
what he discovered
people
When the
big deal It s like seeing
no
Three
While
rifles into the air
shooting
all
shooting
Iraqi insurgents
of shame
or
a
What struck
happened
even care
dead
regret
dog
no
Sure
myself
on
me
some
the side of the
thoughts
of the
friends
We hated them and
remember I
the
men
acronym
of the incident
Iraqi kid had been killed
girl
when
patrol
the command center to report the incident
Charlie Mike
No
He talks about what he calls the
was on
customary during family parties
wedding
http
Iraq
house to house in search of the enemy
wedding
was a
in
His unit
forces and what they thought
to go
prepared
instead
his
incident
wedding party
been
were
happy
taught
to have killed
one
For
to fear and mistrust Arabs
able to rape the 14 year old
radicaldesigns org contentview 11761
girl
as
long
That
s
as
I
can
how those kids
shoot her in the face
on
and kill
10 3 2006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
combat vets
Iraq
her whole
family They just
themselves
care
explain support for
didn t
if they tried
Every
still don t
they
care
soldier
on
Lt Watada
care
3 of 6
couldn t make
they
the frontlines is
Page
capable
of
that
or
worse
Hicks
eventually
filed for and received conscientious
objector status
He wants
the US to withdraw from Iraq immediately and is convinced Lieutenant Watada
is
the
taking
only honorable
and
and
calls
an
war
Thomas Jefferson would pat
unjust
I feel
illegal
The
war
Lieutenant Watada
Reid
he writes
I
comes
your freedom
for truth
Reid says he
questioned
when he arrived in
There
thinking
Reid
we
have
on
longer
Reid says
check
and is
To Lieutenant
sham
a
potentially
sir
beginning but
war was
but also
his
doubts deepened
from the beginning
I
day by
m over
Reid
there
what Im
one
guilt all
required
to
the
war
of his
I would
the
more
Things
how
see
were
they
and
later
was
were
they
to
transport
treated
there
was
had to urinate and
released without charges
to
speak
things deteriorated
were
out
not rebuilt
Reid says
There
was
tighter
I wish I had had the
I have insomnia
I have
the time about what I contributed
spend
in
He says he s
are
Iraq
destroyed
and their
put his
own
due to the
length
of time
insufficient medical treatment
wife and daughter through hell He
experience this type of trauma and believes that leaders
are
taking
an
important and necessary step toward
He says that rather than
actions
responsibilities
them
points
like Lieutenant Watada
he feels
encouraged
Lieutenant Watada
An active
all salute you
restroom for them
no
there
doesn t want others to
s
and
families and communities
are
Watada
we
from the
prisons
platform
I feel
when they return
ending
Hood Texas
between
of 2005
find the balls to stand up fortruth
only your reputation
Reid says most
against
we were
courage and the
troops
Ft
May
but this is contradicted every
Iraq
was
themselves
more
nightmares
run
There
been filed
security
near
us can
in
No connection to Osama bin Laden
enemy
to US
much abuse
The
all of
war
WMDs
truck driver in
was a
having
College
The entire
supports
Army Infantry for one tour in Iraq
and for this
the
I contributed
Prentice Reid
reasons
the back
on
I drive around
as
defecate
an
of the
You risked not
Iraq
were no
Iraqi prisoners
so
patriot is to be against the
a
and Lieutenant Watada
honorably discharged
was
only hope
when the time
seeing
He
student at Central Texas
Watada
says
one
in the
was
March of 2002 and 2003
now a
only way to be
me
guilt all the time about what
Indiscriminate violence is only
http
patriotic action available in the face of what he
duty Army specialist
feeling betrayed by
and
supported
speaks for
who has
me
asked to
thankyoult live radicaldesigns org contentview 11761
Lieutenant
use
only his
initials
DP
10 312006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Iraq combat
stationed at Ft
vets
Stewart
for Lt Watada
explain support
Georgia joined
the Army in
of 2003
April
Page
He
4 of6
was
injured during training but expects to join his unit in Afghanistan in February of
2007
At Ft
Stewart he
generally sympathetic
stand
he says
escorted
s
But it
To see
an
officer who
who would take that kind of
When he
the
joined
learned there
the
intelligence
disappears
WMDs
DP says
After Hussein
objective
was
Our mission isn t clear and
Over the
phone
can
you
expecting twins
Lieutenant Watada is
paying job
a
prison
But
are
was
happening
in
When I
Iraq
swore
up and down that
this
the military overthrow of Saddam Hussein
the military
was
for me
son
to
Iraq
a
as
the
help stabilize Iraq
puppet
He and his wife
support the Iraq
DP is the
only
are
also
protesting
war
member of his
the way he doesn t feel he
protests
war
If you
a
have the financial freedom to protest the war
on
the anti
was
I feel like
hear DP talking to his
I don t
speech
is wrong and
put in place The goal of finding weapons of
detained
speaking
DP says
don t have free
what
something
that
pretty disappointed in the military
was
keeps shifting
and with twins
that
recognizes
really respect
He says that while he doesn t
option for him
an
their court martial and is
he says As the US armed forces mission in
goals
destruction turned into
mass
isn t
I
strike
new
I
and everyone who
analysts
emptive
necessary pre
heat
DP believed in
Army
were no
resisters to
war
different for a Lieutenant to make this kind of
s
ve
got
with the
problem
a
risk
family
with
going to
We in the
important
are
can
military
government you need
to be able to tell them
DP says he
got in trouble recently for talking about Lieutenant Watada
commanding officers told him that
the
military
uniform
as
long
he needed to keep
a
as
low
he
was
profile
in the
military
His
and
wearing
and not voice anti
government opinions
Regretting participation in the war
It takes real
says
courage to resist the
Cloy Richards
cannoneer for
not go
out and went to the
bravery
to say
something
war
former artillery
a
the Marines
afraid to say
or
no
war
I
afraid to
was
I took the easy way
It takes way
more
no
Richards
Cloy
Corporal Richards did
Iraq
began
I
was
Iraq
Like
so
to
disintegrate
as
in
the artillery unit I
seven
war
nephews
began
remembers
exploded
http
thankyoult
li
ve
duty
in
between March and October of 2003
October of 2004
has
two tours of
to
and
many in
the
watching
as
some
several of them
the military
again between March and
his initial
support for the invasion
occupation lengthened and became
saw a
one
change
and
lot of civilian casualties
niece
he
kids
were
I love kids
he says
says
more
brutal
Richards who
And his views of the
saw
Iraqi children die He particularly
play
with
unexploded ammunition When it
killed and several
radicaldesigns org contentview 11761
more
were
disfigured
It was
10
2006
3
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
combat vets
Iraq
kind of like
Richards has
forgot
hard time
a
his second tour of
out
speaking
all the bad
is
part of the
a
mind
war
telling
seriously
follow
Richards says
only
now
am
As
an
us
fight
kind of
trying
no
to
But he
into battle
The
he
reason
It
agenda
s
s
just
make amends for
the second time
not to go
important for the people like
s so
officer
he lends
to
credibility
more
troops The Lieutenant is leading by example
and this is taken very
s
me
Richards says it
reason
sentiments among the
It
some
part of I should have said
were
My
and lecf
arm
says he didn t want to
I feel sorry and
it
Lieutenant Watada to take the lead
anti
of his
is not because he has
seen
well For
as
Richards remembers
day
of 6
actually forget
March 25th 2003
on
Page 5
it to the back of my mind
experiences in Iraq
remaining portions
Ive been
things
when my heart and my
guilt
other
duty Richards
Ive
there
just shoved
Lt Watada
that Richards couldn t
ambushed
was
he says
now
that Ive been
This
forgetting
cloth around the
I
Except
officer lost his hand that
commanding
wrapped
there
over
about it
the first time he
example
By
else
everything
somewhere and
explain support for
An officer s
example
that he
s
found
is what
an
we are
example
supposed to
that he wants
to follow
to the
Listening
Geoffrey Millard the
Guard veteran is
any
military
a year
quick
to
Army National
point
is conclusive
single story
of the
troops
has
something
folks back in the states
of these stories
means
The
experiences
war
veterans
learn from
expertise of Iraq
war
When
we
turn
hear about
a
of the
Millard says that if the Iraq
were
war
valued
rather than
For
now
on
This leads to
experience
war
the
a
evening
news
we
don t
skewed and unrealistic
veterans
opinions
and
attempt
there
are
to
put
him in
as a
say he is
fighting
true
impression
as a
hero
prison
dozens of members of the military who publicly support
There
are
likely hundreds
more
who
waiting for an outcome in Lieutenant Watada
view him
ever
experience
the Army would be forced to uphold Lieutenant Watada
Lieutenant Watada
in silence
Each
he says
missing from the media
Iraq
GI s
to tell that
something
and the
are
coverage of the
can
out that not
Each member
war
hero
for what
are
watching anxiously
s case
They
and believe in his efforts to end the
they believe in and for that they
are
all say
Iraq
war
they
They
grateful In
Army parlance they might say Charlie Mike continue mission
http
thankyoult
li
ve
radicaldesigns orgcontentview11761
10 3 2006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Iraq
combat vets
Lt
Sarah Olson is
an
explain support for
Watada with
Lt Watada
Page
6 of 6
Iraq Veterans Against the War
independent journalist
and radio
producer
based in Oakland
California
Next
Back
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10 3 2006
Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
United Nations former
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Thank You Lt Ehren Watada
Court brief by Historians
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Read complete amici curiae court brief PDF
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10
2006
2
UNITED
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presents
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Army misconceives
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war
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good
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required
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continue
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be
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villages
necessity
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towns
of cities
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murder
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deportation
inhumane acts committed against any civilian
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1544
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crime
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shall
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22
assembly
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in
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1945
Aug
Military
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Presented
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an
not
by
Robert
H
Jackson
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New York
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first session of the general
unanimously
affirmed the
principles
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International
text
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War Crimes Trial
95
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particular importance
defense
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here
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expressly rejected
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nation
over
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third
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law
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considered
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second
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of his Government
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51
pp
or
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punishment
1997
take
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determines
55
2This was later often called the Eichmann defense
in
reference to the spectacular trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem
in 1961
Eichmann had been head of the Jewish Affairs Section of
the
Reich
Head Office
Security
and
was
viewed
as
one
of those
final solution of the
chiefly responsible for the attempted
Jewish question
Eichmann s defense rested in part on the claim
that he had acted on superior orders and
moreover
under duress
that left him no moral choice
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argument
holding
of conscience
Military
unlawful
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it
Woetzel
The
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the accused
court
following
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to
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order
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the voice
manifestly
Cited in Robert
International
Law
with
K
a
the
Eichmann Case
New York
1962
269
Praeger
p
Appeals in Eichmann s case further concluded in 1962
that
the appellant had received no
at all
He
superior orders
was his own
superior and he gave all orders in matters that
The
Court
of
concerned Jewish
in
Jerusalem
New
affairs
York
Cited in
Viking
Press
7
1963
Hannah
p
Arendt
227
Eichmann
that
justice
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in
defense
even
for
the
Armed
all
purpose
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of
directly
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cannot
cases
mitigating
Chief
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rejected
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defense
of the
concluded
orders
where
mitigation
in
example
Command
Tribunal
the
rejected
was
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sentence
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IMT
ground
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trials used
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in
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subsequent
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on
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mitigation
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case
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of the defendants
and many
superior
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Judgments
the
of
argument
this
several
Criminals
War
3
requires
so
even
to
crimes
shocking and extensive have been committed consciously
and without military excuse or justification
ruthlessly
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the defense
of
mitigation
in the
of Alfred JodI
There
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crimes
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cannot
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soldierly
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4Trial
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XXII
5TMWC
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costs
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his
war
excuse
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essentially unchanged
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occupied Germany by
Crimes
Trial
p
53
Major War Criminals before the
14 November 1945
Nuremburg
Secretariat of the
Nuremburg
p
in such
extended
536
p
Participation
without
5
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crimes
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required of any soldier and
behind a mythical requirement
all
at
crimes
of the Charter
was
4
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shield himself
of these
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hereafter
v
8
has
obedience
prosecution
3Marrus
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Article
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1946
1948
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conducted
accord
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who
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nations
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States
and
in
Nation
which
should
conducted
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of
aggressive
peace
Robert
Supreme
apply
Among
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war
occasioned
sic
Nuernberg
No
10
Washington
August 1949
esp
7Id
p
109
crimes
with
Law No
That
these
the
the crimes
the
7
crimes
Matter
was
of the
judges
of the United
at
defined
including
crimes
10
Crime
representatives
nations
and
of the Law No
International
Justice
Counsel
reported
the most
6Telford Taylor
the
war
Under
Associate
Chief
and
for
Taylor
those
the
that
crime
against
war
Jackson
Court
of Telford
law
the
all
of Adolf
international
framed the Charter
to
superior
for
that henceforth
Nuremberg
judicial
judgments dealing
May Commit
particular
considered
opinion
significance
of the
Crime
A
Is
What
of
in
powers
of
body
trial
of Counsel
major legal
personal responsibility
Aggressive
the
In
portions
those
later
trials
Numerous
occupying
of the defense
Chief
as
four
in the
upon
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10
No
substantial
a
above
Nuremberg
chief prosecutor
trials
built up
drawn
was
Law
of the
authority
note 2
see
Council
inadmissibility
which
Eichmann
the
this law
the
on
orders
of Control
under
with
opinion
b
for
Final
Report
the
that
serious
of the
the
the
Trials
D
Government
U
C
6
9
S
definition
250 53
emphasis by Taylor
9
the
aggressive
conference
of the
under Control
Printing
during
of
the
at
Secretary
War Crimes
pp
States
United States
disagreement
to
United
Army
Council
Office
on
Law
15
which
drafted the
declined
to
Charter
recede
from
Jackson
its
stated
position
failure of the Conference
even
described
He
that the
if
it
the
United
meant
States
the
conflict
as
follows
The
Soviet
pressed
declaring
Nazis
certain
and
of
such
States
acts
the
Taylor
Taylor
of
intractable
Soviets
Nazi
The
leaders
with
nations carried
were
as
willing
of
1949
pp
be
which
at
first
law
to
French
was
matter
by
resisted
to
an
be
to
charge
domination
crimes
of
According
the
over
The
and
no
guilty
appeared
Axis
crimes
defined in
nation
charged
wanted
or
by
committed
be
account
to
against
who
only
of any
says
of
the
other
Soviets
against
humanity
whom committed
creating
a
new
9
war
of Robert
International
Press
war
on
could
s
meeting
effect
the criminal
crimes
European
and the
aggressive
8Report
the
the
of international
the Russians
crime
by
depend
Jackson
Taylor
ggression
to define
violations
But
out
committed
8
principle
a
only
when
statesmen
of the
important question
had the
crimes
corroborates
definition
view
could not
to
last
our
contended that
that international
applicable
proscribed conduct
Telford
in
crimes
broad terms
the
and until the
proposed
which
acts
United
The
character
them
Delegation
definition
a
H
Jackson
Conference
on
United
Military
States
Representative
Trials
New
York
to
AMS
vii viii
9Telford Taylor
The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials
New
1992
65 66
Knopf
pp
emphasis added
Scholarship during the past half century has confirmed the account
An authoritative article appearing in
2002
by Jackson and Taylor
York
Alfred A
states
the difficulties
definition
aggression
of
centered
aggression
the
Soviet
on
whether the
would
position
10
specify
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crime
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At
final
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definition
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Justice
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acceptable
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L
et
make
me
against
serve
useful
a
on
In
his
Opening
Statement
all
articulated
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a
consensus
Britain
Great
France
the
first
Vietnam
that while this
the
aggressors
purpose it must
those
including
this
Taylor quoted
Telford
solemn
Taylor
of
page
and the
law
is
condemn
which
applied
first
includes
law
and
if
it
aggression by
sit
here
is
to
any
in
now
affirmation by Justice Jackson
book
subsequent
s
and
Nuremberg
on
11
against
another
in
peace
era
clean
a
the
In
end
tribunal embodied Jackson
Jonathan A
Bush
The
Law Review
100pening
Nuernberg
102
v
of the
8
No
Dec
Statement for
Case
the United
as
the Charter
New
by
York
for
the
new
view
Crime
Crime of
2002
H
Columbia
War
2369
p
Robert
The
Origins
and its
Aggressive
21
Nov
the United States
Presented
States
s
Supreme
Legislative History
in
way that might
the Jackson
acts
universal
American
include
even
position
p
reached
10
judgment
for
Soviet
was
Jackson
clear
German
other nations
Lost
the
Union
Soviet
on
conference
agreement
to
States
London
Jackson
Cooper Square
1945
The
el
Coun
Chief of
Publishers
1971
93
11Telford Taylor
New
York
Bantam Books
However
unwisdom
At
1971
history
of the
war
legally
Taylor
more
General
to the
and Vietnam
pp
11
shows
American
An
Taylor
the United
went
Tragedy
to
on
the wisdom
assess
thing
is
say
or
indisputable
States government stood
committed to the principles
and morally
the charters and judgments of the tribunals
that the President of the United States
thirty
politically
in
12
may ultimately
crimes trials
one
their conclusion
enunciated
or
Nuremberg
American
Douglas
judges
who took
MacArthur
United Nations
part
in
the
and the United
general assembly
11
tribunals
States
all
delegation
squarely
endorsed
To
the
language
effect
same
of the Charter
phraseology limiting
in
acting
way
for
which
and
all
now
external
Taylor
wrote
We
not
they
are
not
in
and to
And
the
shortly
the
is
Recalling
justice
apply
standards
those
last page
principles
conduct
of
Government
our
is
war
in
Vietnam
prepared
to
the
fact
with
internal
of the
principles
defendants
to
because
responsibility
which
of the Allied
Nuremberg
published
affirmed
is
how
what he
on
those
they apply
and whether the
face
powers
in its
in one way or another
of the nation is staked
question
the
12
nations
again
the
persons
making
European
of its
officials
Taylor
today
dropped
to
declaration
and
on
integrity
and
these
the
once
beyond
and moral
the
duty
latter
countries
reckon
of his book
Nuremberg principles
the
to
of all
to
of
the
defeated
impartial application
before his death
Thus
Axis
must
government
of the
tribunals
historical
a
equally applicable
Powers
on
of the
alike
Germans
are
of the
Nuremburg Principles
every
the
that
was
European
of agents
policies
regarding
may
of the
Nuremburg
on
10
Law No
jurisdiction
of the
wrote
from
Tribunal
the
prosecution
Taylor
by
interests
expansion
immediate
As
the
important modification
an
consequences
to
United
the
States
of their
application
T
courts martial are shaping
My Lai
question
they can not be fairly determined
without full inquiry into the higher
responsibilities
Little as the leaders of the
Army seem to realize it this is
the only road to the Army s salvation
for its moral health
the
he Son
for
will not
be
scrutinize
revered
us
My
and
recovered until its leaders are willing
their behavior by the same standard that
predecessors
applied
to
Tomayuki
ago
Id
pp
94
12Taylor
182
Final
Report
pp
234
12
235
Yamashita
to
their
25
years
considered
obviously
proceedings
the
Reflecting
establishment
international
of
a
crimes
that the
major
be
to
the
heart of the
the
on
tribunal for
in
the
the
1990s
trial
for
of
recalled
Taylor
Tribunal
criminals
demand
growing
permanent
Nuremberg
Nuremberg
had
jurisdiction only
Axis
of the
the
over
countries
European
it
Considering the times and circumstances of its creation
is hardly surprising that the Tribunal was given
jurisdiction over the vanquished but not the victors
Many
times I have heard Germans
and others
complain that only
war
the losers
Taylor
tried
get
continued
in the Korean
Early
MacArthur
armies
Korean
border
About
forces
s
drove
week
opponents
I
the
driven
were
the brief
During
in hand
later
at
received
General
Douglas
the American
Inchon
and
South
the way north to the
at the Yalu River
Korea and China
North
between
a
the
when
War
landed
Koreans
Chinese
into
deep
attacked
South
when
period
several
all
in
force
and their
Korea
our
telephone
final
victory appeared
calls
from
members
of
the press asking whether the United States would try suspect
I was quite unable
to
North Koreans as war criminals
predict whether or not
I replied that if they
should be established
and
United Nations
only against
or
And
any
such
trials would be
were
to
on
a
neutral
place
base
given jurisdiction
North Koreans
other
take
participants
but South
as
undertaken
but
the tribunal
preferably by
to hear
Koreans
the
charges
not
and Americans
well
concluded
Taylor
I
am
apply only
There
nations
street
13Taylor
is
The laws of war do not
opinion
suspected criminals of vanquished nations
more
or
legal basis for immunizing victorious
The laws of war are not a one way
scrutiny
still
to
no
from
of that
the
13
641
The
Nuremberg Trials
p
of
a
pleading
although
vigorous
opponent
principal
the Vietnam War
took a similar position in declining to take part
in the War Crimes Tribunal created by Lord Bertrand Russell
See
2393 n 224
Bush
The Supreme
Crime
citing Staughton
p
The War Crimes Tribunal
A Dissent
Liberation
v
12
Lynd
Anatomy
of the
author of this
Dec
1967
Jan
1968
p
76
13
It is
United
crystal
States
according
to
was
the
clear
that
committed
principles
to
after
having
the
its
Nuremberg
own
of international
proceedings
14
trials
conduct
law
the
judged
applied
in
those
International
C
Expansion
and
forward
by
when
adopted
and
international
law
takes
Precedence
clarification
carried
it
Law
the
U
N
of the
in
drawing
cases
application
on
the
Law
Principles
Law Commission
in broad
some
National
Nuremburg
International
codified them
over
in
was
1950
to
judgments
of the
Tribunal
the Commission
Here
that
international
without
that
law
international
under
to
by
of internal
relieved
not
are
the
fact
the
law
of any
point
out
that
went
on
the
supremacy
cite
the
of the
individuals
and
their acts
law
as
are
a
what
is
corollary
not held
commonly
national
Article
8
of obedience
was
revised
by
be
to
Commission
law
called
and to
that
the very essence of the Charter is that individuals
international duties which transcend the national
obligations
directly
under
The
country
over
principle
the
responsibility
implies
IMT
outset
on
law
particular
of international
declaration
of
that
this
the
duties
impose
may
interposition
any
individuals
crimes
law
at
highlighted
imposed by
the
the
individual
International
Law
have
State
Commission
14
to
read
The
fact
that
Government
or
responsibility
choice
was
person acted pursuant to order of his
of a superior does not relieve him from
a
under
in fact
international
possible
to
I4
him
law
IS
provided
a
moral
Principles of International Law Recognized in the Charter
Nuremburg Tribunal and in the Judgment of the Tribunal
International Law Commission
2 August 1950
adopted by the U N
U N
A 1316
2 Y B I L C
Doc
374
1950
99
Principle I par
100
102
See also TMWC
v
XXII
465
Principle II
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36Id
Provision 509
p
58
2
a
i
what
does
not
this may be so in the
sufficient guidance to help
While
give
of this world decide how to
act
Manual for Courts Martial United States
1998
Government Printing Office
para
182
A massive article by Mark
27 10
p
citing
Washington
DC
and FM
that exists concerning
legal uncertainty
Osiel
is
unlawful
Mark J
manifestly
military activity
Osiel describes
Obeying
War
fashion
Sergeant Bendermans
MCM
14c
in
this
86
Orders
the
Atrocity
Military Discipline
California Law Review
1998
25
939
978
and the Law of
1020
Osiel
the Vietnam
During
under his
the
that he
heard the company
leader
leader
s
upheld
Staff
a
kill
to
had been
relieved
Griffen
Sergeant
asked his
and
The
victim
men
was
shot
no
four
the
body
murder
is
concludes
cases
371d
1968
at
sentenced
reporting
Duffy
moral
not
so
between
like
to
morning by
next
At
months
six
to
were
an
stress
take
on
lieutenant
of
involuntary
to
it
a
the
execute
primary
laid
the basis
of
I
confinement
know
a
38
war
indicia of manifest
and
clarity
2
gravity
these
criteria
bear
surprisingly
procedural
3
necessary relation
regularly at odds in
no
are
1020
at
Nuremberg
Philip
on
took
village
a
convicted the
to
leading
Duffy
several volunteers
among
three traditional
1d
James
Lt
and
37
murder
the head the
reduced
judgment
59
p
citing
588
590
38Taylor
reporter
and
for
entered
having
court
but that
another
concrete
on
1
are
irregularity
one
the
wrong
superiors
decision making
that
illegality
its
and
manslaughter
to
The
revoked
This
their
and that
count
patently
testified that their orders
lieutenants
prisoners
and
anyone would
in
detainee
a
platoon
conviction
from
executioner chosen by Duffy
trial
if
previous
a
that the
of draftees
patrol composed mainly
that
order
found
also in Vietnam
the other hand
prisoner
court
s
commander
of his command when
palpably illegal
was
and
detainee
military appeals
order
prisoner
the
soldier
a
soldier testified
The
martial
The
On
detainee
a
leader
escaped
platoon
execute
platoon
platoon
ordered
leader
a
command to
his court
at
war
United
States
and Vietnam
March
28
and
Griffen
v
pp
150 51
AprilS
Shabecoff
26
1970
39
C
basing
by New
M
R
586
his account
York
Times
crime
when
I
it
see
subjective
Indeed
Roger Taney
Chief
the
of the
era
it
but
War
I t
justify
himself
order
Watada
has
of his
can
doing
The
superior
an
of
in
Court
Supreme
that
be maintained
never
for
statement
unlawful
a
act
palliate
order may
39
justify
cannot
Lt
can
the
by producing
the
beyond
advances
hardly
Justice of the United States
Civil
officer
military
it
and
standardless
essentially
It is
obliged
been
to
find
to
try
his way
by
this
uncertain compass
IV
Beyond
Lt
Watada
CONCLUSION
individual
s
United States military propose
to the
comes
is
illegal
he
before
believes
how
to
can
is
to
the
that
Will
required
be
he
the basis
at
n
233
in
to
to
pose
problem
the
that
existing
of what he
Note
California
Taney made his
Law
form
any
orders
more
engaged
that
he
abstractly
professes
law
a
case
Legacy
v
for
recognition
selective
calls
Review
comment in
is
States
the United
Nuremberg
The
in
particular
the
soldier who
which he
war
oppose
Peppers has made
Nuremberg
Southern
in
fighting
Principles
Donald A
of
to
Or
the next
regard
obedience
from
incorporated
39Steven Fogelson
Promise
be
criminal
Nuremberg
Professor
on
the
conviction
excused
honor be
to
how does
predicament
63
Mitchell
An
March
v
Unfulfilled
1990
Harmony
text
13 U
S
1 How
115
137
1851
prosecution
the Confederate commandant of the prisoner of war
of Henry Wirz
Although Wirz
camp at Andersonville
proceeded along these lines
trial that he followed the orders of his
evidence
at
produced
he was found guilty of murder
General John H
Winder
The
author
states
superior
in
violation of the
laws
and customs
27
of
war
that
the
nonconscientious
the
purposes
are
crimes
and
three
41
relating
weapons
concedes
specific
has
of
war
definition
itself
because
rapid growth
a
because
activity
terrorist
of
of
contradictory
acts
Given
this
argues
definitions
an
involving
42
in
But
these
three
terms
the
and the
and because
recognition
unintended escalation
uncertainty
in
the
nature
and
guerilla
Falk
areas
in the
changes
of
readily
he
an
of
that
war
individual
4oDonald
Selective
Affairs
into
of
of the
limited
a
43
conflict
is
almost
crimes
war
territorial entities
of
war
were
fall
of
horrifying possibilities
Peppers
of
Richard
of what
undetermined status of certain
effect
of crimes
because
swiftly deteriorating
been
of
prisoners
as
trial
at
offenses
tactics of warfare
or
individual
the
Charter
and crimes
populations
impermissible
that
to
relative
practical
for
for
which
that these
indicates
He
civilian
to
that
consequence
against humanity
crimes
groups
argues
described in the Nuremberg
crimes
always merged
He
of most
crimes
war
those
soldier
4o
objection
A
s
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right
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War
Nonconscientious
3
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Peppers
no
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41Id
pp
133
35
42Id
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135
38
43Id
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definition
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Crimes
placed
1974
163
28
in
law
a
Philosophy
pp
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66
war
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whether
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point in the process of
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increasingly less sharp
at which the individual has the right
or
ordered
compelled
to protest legitimately becomes progressively farther
removed from the final order actually to commit criminal
the
In
acts
becomes
in
is
is
still
unclear
or
doctrine
his
since
Peppers
wrote
in
1974
may
to
make
of the crime
at
all
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then the
citizen in that
States
call
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extension
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argument
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Peppers reports
officers
highest military
of
peace
endorsed
aggressive
the
The
doctrine of
at
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were
war
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West
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gov
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29
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and
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supports
deploy
others
cases
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entitled to refuse
demand
they
in combat
endanger
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should be
in the midst
whom
is
ordered
being
the
that his country
what he
is
doing
46The
America
our
States
law
critique
to
protest by refusing
the United
conviction
a
violate
to
of international
require
Pepper
when
which
on
and
aggressive
peace
Principles
that
also because
Professor
to
war
then
case
because
only
exercise
to
if necessary
expressly
appear
in violation
actual
or
alone
Certainly
conclusion
s
In
wrong
would
aggressive
aggressor
Watada
act
by acting preemptively against
prevent them from doing harm against
46
country
Nuremberg
at
to
to
doctrine
new
condemnation
not
in
stated
of self defense
right
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Lt
which
that
part
is
Doctrine
Security
National
Security Strategy
2002
Sept
Washington D C
30
States of
emphasis added
of the United
p
5
For
Lt
the
Watada
foregoing
should be
reasons
among
others
the
charges
dismissed
Respectfully submitted
Staughton
31
Lynd
against
abc7news
09 20 2006 10 08 AM
com
6
ABC7 Jobs
Monster
Jobs
TEXT SIZE
A
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Site Search
esite Oweb
@
City Support Expected For Soldier
fi
f
s
Iraq Refusal
NEWS
Aug 27
serve
KGO
in
Berkeley
s
city council is expected
to pass a measure in
support of
an
He calls the Iraq
First Lieutenant Ehren Watada faces a possible court marital because of his decision
although he s offered to serve in Afghanistan instead
His father
Watada
came
family
s
Bob Watada
has
a
army officer who s
refusing
to
Iraq
duty
to
to
Berkeley
to meet with
stands by his decision
Copyright
though
he could
spend
seven
years in
a
military prison
If you look at the uniform code of military justice it says very
Soldier s Father
disobey an unlawful order
2006
illegal
supporters and city officials Saturday
even
If the coundl votes to support Watada
Bush because of the war in Iraq
war
the
move
would fall in line with
Berkeley
s
clearly
offidal position to
that every soldier
impeach
President
ABC7 KGO TV DT
Print storv
rEmail
Friend
riea sletters
Today
f
t
http
s
BSS
Headlines
NASA Clears Shuttle For Landino
I
1
Students Discover Murdered Bodv Near School
abclocal go
com
kgo story
section
local
id
4501133
I
D
Page 3 of 6
BPF 1 Statement
on
Lt Watada
Page
1 of 2
9
Statement from the Buddhist Peace
In
Support
August 25
Fellowship
of Lt Ehren Watada
2006
and
What You Can Do to
Support
The Buddhist Peace Fellowship BPF
Buddhist traditions and other spiritual
Lt Watada
founded in 1978 represents
who have
more
than 4 000
deep concern for
people from
many
world and who
aspire to
meet suffering with compassion and wisdom BPF supports the words and actions of Lt Ehren Watada as he
follows his conscience and his heart and refuses to deploy to Iraq We offer Lt Watada our solidarity and
deep gratitude for
backgrounds
our
this act of courage
As we and many other Americans have followed the news from Iraq these past three years we believe that
our country s actions and priorities have
citizens
people
military leaders and
gone terribly wrong So many
political analysts warned that the Iraq war was built on false premises and that it would serve to deepen
resentment and violence both in Iraq and towards the United States This has proven true as more than
2 000 U S
brothers sisters and children
have been killed there along with untold numbers of
our
military
civilians whose numbers grow daily in the face of a bitter civil war The only benefit of this war has been
to the profit line of U S corporations like Halliburton and Bechtel and arms manufacturers like Lockheed
Martin and General Dynamics
Iraqi
The Buddha once taught Hatred is never appeased through hatred Only through love is hatred appeased
This is an eternal and unvarying law
The endless cycle of violence in Iraq is sadly bearing out this truth
In the face of this
illegal and immoral war the stand that Lt Watada has taken is truly courageous In full
of the consequences he will face Lt Watada has taken this stand because of his conviction that
others are being put in harm s way for a war being carried out under false premises by an administration that
continually violates the U S Constitution In the Buddhist tradition it might be said that Lt Watada is a
awareness
bodhisattva
someone
who is
deeply concerned
about the
wellbeing
of all
people
and who
puts
the welfare
of others before his own
We encourage all our members to contribute to support Lt Watada s cause in whatever way they can and
we urge all U S citizens to work together to end this war and bring the troops home
Thank you
Lt Watada You
speak
for us
Buddhist Peace
www
Fellowship
bpf org
PO Box 3470
Berkeley CA
What You Can Do to
Support
94703
Lt Watada
The future of Lt Watada s court martial is now in the hands of the
letters from around the country could make a difference
http
www
bpf
html
org
resources
generals at
and links statements watada html
Fort Lewis Phone calls and
10 212006
BPF 1 Statement
Fort Lewis
on
Lt Watada
Commanding
proceed to
Page
2 of 2
General Lieutenant General James Dubik makes the final decision on whether to
phone and write Lt Gen
court martial on any or all charges Please take a moment today to
James Dubik and respectfully request no court martial for Lt Watada
Use your own words but a suggested message would be Along with tens of thousands I support Lt Ehren
Watada s right to refuse an illegal war I ask that you not bring court martial proceedings against him If there
is a court martial this fall I look forward to visiting Ft Lewis and letting you know how I feel in person
Lt Gen Dubik can be reached via his aide Lt Colonel Kamper at 253 967 0022 and or call the FtLewis
switchboard at 253 967 1110 Or you can write to him at
Commanding
General
Fort Lewis and I
Corps
Lt Gen James M Dubik
Building
2025
Stop
1
Fort Lewis WA 98433
When
writing please consider a handwritten letter on stationary if available posted via express or priority
impact and timely delivery We expect that Lt Gen Dubik will issue his decision next
week but there is no required timeline Do not delay and take action today The contact address and phone
numbers for Lt Gen Dubik may change over the course of this action alert so check www ThankYouLt org
for these and other updates
mail for additional
U 0 It Il
http
www
bpf
html
org
resources
and links statements watada html
J
H U IP
10 2 2006
Debbie Clark
June 27 2006
Veterans For Peace
D
Greater Atlanta Chapter 125
dclark@antiwar com
855 6163
770
STATEMENT IN SUPPORT OF FIRST UEUTENANT EHREN WA TADA
It is my great honor and duty to be here today to share with others
my support for the
action of First Lieutenant Ehren Watada in disobeying an unlawful order to serve in a
war that is both immoral and illegal as well as to show
my support for all military service
members and their families who are now resisting this war
Lt Watada s refusal to obey orders to deploy to Iraq with his unit was not made
lightly
came about through much soul searching and research that led him to the irreversible
conclusion that to participate in this unlawful
accomplice to a criminal act
war
of aggression would make him
It
an
Lt Watada is the first commissioned officer to refuse orders to Iraq and is also the first
soldier to do so who is not a conscientious objector His decision is based on legal
grounds as well as moral with the recognition that a soldier has not only the duty to
obey all lawful orders but also has the moral and legal obligation to disobey any
unlawful order
Lt Watada s mother described her son as having an unflinching commitment to his
and to democratic ideals and said that he believes that he can best serve them by
taking a stand against the war
men
In so doing she said he demonstrates that one does not relinquish the freedom to
choose what is right even in the military and that the freedom to choose what is
right
transcends the allegiance to man and institutions
Lt Watada is doing the right thing As a US Army veteran myself of eight years active
duty with five years in the military police and three years as a special agent in the US
Army Criminal Investigation Command as a former soldier who remembers very well
being explicitly trained by the Army that it is the duty of a soldier to disobey any unlawful
order and to comply with the Geneva Convention I honor Lt Watada for the courage to
be true to his conscience and true to his oath of office as a commissioned officer to
support and defend the Constitution and bear true faith and allegiance to the same
Refusing to participate in an unjust and illegal war is an act of conscience that is also an
affirmation of the rule of law No soldier owes absolute allegiance to any military
system
The legal authority of military command is grounded in the rule of law which is based on
the Constitution and the Uniform Code of Military Justice
The Constitution has requirements for what branch of government has the power to
declare war and for what purpose which is specified as being for the defense of the
United States and also makes any treaties adopted by the United States the law of the
land
There is
a
point at which
one s
the United Nations Charter the
conscience and
understanding
Nuremberg Principles
of the US Constitution
and the Geneva Conventions
Debbie Clark
June 27 2006
Veterans For Peace
Greater Atlanta Chapter 125
dclark@antiwar
com
855 6163
770
to make the conscious decision to
unlawful order
requires an individual
believes to be
With
great
an
obey
or
not to
obey what he
courage Lt Watada made that decision
There is one veteran who was not able to be here today to show his support for Lt
Watada but who would have liked to He is a veteran of Operation Desert Shield and
Desert Storm now retired US Air Force Major Kelley G Culver of Augusta Georgia
Major
Culver has
provided
a
statement in
support
of Lt Watada which I will
relay on
his
behalf
In 1990 I was commander of an AirForce Combat Communication Squadron deployed
to the Persian Guff for Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm At the time of the
I was opposed to the war because it was obvious that the true reason was
not the liberation of Kuwait from Iraq but the protection of American oil interests in the
Persian Guff
deployment
The true purpose of this war was obvious The US had been a supporter of Saddam
Hussein s government in the years prior to the war and had previously turned a blind
eye to Hussein s activities Suddenly in 1990 the United States was outraged at his
actions
We went to
war on a
tapestry
oflies
The current war in Iraq was also started on a tapestry of lies Neither the situation in
1990 nor the situation todayjustifies the loss ofAmerican military men and women
In 1990 I
opposed the war in the Persian Gulf but I deployed and served in spite of my
objections My reasons simply put were that I had a career at stake To refuse to
deploy would have ended that career I was not willing to pay that price
Today
assemble in support of Lt Ehren Watada who realizing the illegal nature of
Iraq has chosen to do what I could not do 16 years ago People will call him
coward for his actions but I can assure you this is the action of a brave man
the
a
we
war in
Today I add my support to the cause of Lt Watada and I thank him for taking
was unable to take myseff
Kelley G Culver Major USAF Retired
the stand
that I
Military
veterans can especially understand how hard of a path it is that Lt Watada has
taken because whether we served in war or during peacetime we know what it means
to live and serve under military authority
However hard it may be to stand up any active duty service member today whose
conscience has been moved by what he or she knows in their heart to be wrong can
also take strength in knowing that the very same military authority that requires them to
obey all lawful orders also if it
to disobey all unlawful orders
is true to its
own
code
imposes
upon them the
obligation
A Broken De Humanized
A Broken De Humanized
By Dahr Jamail
t
rut h 0 uti
Military
Military
in
in
Iraq
Page
Iraq
Perspective
Tuesday 26 September
2006
While the
this time
1 of 2
deranged chicken hawks who lead the US continue their efforts to wage another unprovoked war
against Iran what s left of their already overstretched military continues to be bled in Iraq
of
aggression
When the situation is so critical that even the
corporate media is forced to report on it you know it s bad Last week on the
NBC Nightly News General Barry McCaffrey now retired said of the current state of the US
military I think arguably it s the
worst readiness condition the US Army has faced since the end of Vietnam
This isn t a big surprise when we consider the
facts that many soldiers are already into their third combat tour frequent deployments have cut
training time at home in half
and two thirds of all Army combat units are rated not
ready for combat
The fact that 60
of National Guard soldiers have already reached their limit for overseas combat is
most likely not going to
slow down the Cheney administration s lust for more war Most likely they ll just have
Rummy change the Pentagon s policy
that currently limits Guard combat tours to two out of
every five years
This change was apparently already
expected by Lieutenant General Steven Blum of the National Guard who told NBC
you think the National Guard s busy today I think we re going to look back and say these were the
good old days in about
three years A comment to which General McCaffrey responded
More is being asked of them particularly the National
Guard and reserve components than they signed up to do And in the near term we think it s
to unraveL
If
going
That near term seemed to be about 72 hours away from McCaffrey s comments On
Monday the Army announced that
because it is stretched so thin by the occupation of Iraq it is once again extending the combat tours of thousands of soldiers
beyond their promised 12 month tours It s the second time since August Le last month that this has occurred The 1st
Brigade Armored Division which is having its tour extended just happens to be located in the province of AI Anbar which
military has long since lost control of Between 3 500 and 4 000 soldiers are affected by this decision
The
move
simply does
There
region
are
prompted defense analyst Loren Thompson to tell reporters
enough active duty military personnel to sustain the
not have
The
Army
is
coming
to the end of its rope in
the
Iraq
It
current level of effort
currently over 142 000 US soldiers in Iraq Just last week General John Abizaid the top US commander
military is likely to maintain and possibly even increase its force level in Iraq through next spring
in the
said the
What does this look like for US
troops on the
is serving in the US military in Ramadi
ground
in
Iraq
Here is an emaill received
just
last week from a mother whose
son
cannot bear what he is forced to do and has probably through sheer terror confusion and
split second
decisions killed innocent civilians He is well aware of this and I have witnessed the
consequences first hand
My son
He
probably carries innocent blood on his hands The killing of innocent people is virtually unavoidable He is in
region You are the ONLY person in the media who has responded to my emails The other emails I
sent to news organizations questioning why so little news out of AI Anbar were unanswered I believe that
it is
because the US has lost that region and is
suppressing that news to the American public My son called me
last week from Ramadi and said the war is lost
they are just going thru the motions again forced to carry out
orders and risk their lives for an unobtainable and
unjust goal I continue to read your web site as well as
others while I pray for my son s safe homecoming in spring
AI Anbar
Her
anguish the description of her son s mental state and her son s report of the conditions in Ramadi tragic as they are
surprise At the time of this writing over 2 703 US soldiers have been killed in Iraq and over ten times that
number wounded This month over 61 American soldiers have been killed in
Iraq With an average of over 2 5 killed daily this
month at the time of this writing it s already the third bloodiest month this
year in Iraq for occupation forces
come as no
Another report released last weekend from the Veterans Health Administration found that
over one third of Iraq and
veterans seeking medical treatment are reporting symptoms of stress or other metal disorders This is a tenfold
increase in the last 18 months alone The dramatic jump in cases is attributed to the fact that more
troops are facing multiple
tours in Iraq and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
This is of course complicated by the fact that veterans
groups claim that the VA is not able to meet the growing demand for
services Already veterans have had to deal with
waits
for doctor appointments oftentimes over six months
long
staffing
shortages and lack of equipment at medical centers run by the VA
http
www
truthout orgl doc s 2006
printec092606A
shtml
10 3 2006
A Broken
The
over
De Humanized
woman
Military
in
Iraq
Page
who sent me the email about her son gave me permission to
her son
military in Iraq and multiple tours are
stretch of the
publish
another email that shows
clearly
2 of 2
how the
affecting
I have established contact with my son thank God and he writes to me
daily about Iraqi atrocities and how he
wants to wax them all His morale is low and he has a weak LT who is unable to
keep up with the pace
required I would love to share these emails with you but I am afraid I m afraid of the implications should this
ever get out I want to do nothing to
endanger my communications with my son My impression through my
readings and contact with soldiers is that the Iraqis are generally
The American
good people
to be
occupation
that much worse for the
average Iraqi My impression is that Iraq is a country
with no hope No matter what is done they will never have a stable government no matter what form it
might
take From my son I m able to glean the
complete CHAOS Ramadi is in It is hopeless As a mother I want him
to do whatever is necessary to come home and will not sugar coat my
thoughts that he should kill everything
and come home Naturally not someone who is
obviously an innocent civilian but how do you tell How do you
know who is innocent and who is a threat Therefore he feels that
daisy cutting the town is the only option Of
course this will not happen and he s blowing smoke However it is an indication of how bad
things are there
the struggle between the Marines and the
insurgents is never ending The type of bomb now employed by the
insurgents whoever they are is frightening
a metal plate on the ground when the Marine steps on it it
connects the circuit and that boy is blown up My son is running missions thru back
and is hauling a
alleys
machine gun that is destroying his back He is a slender
man and the
he is
is
seems
only making things
young
gear
carrying
affecting his
Already I hear such a hardness in his
only just begun this deployment hopefully his last
health
He can run for miles but not with a hundred
pounds on him
emails such low morale such hopelessness and he has
his third
America is
a great nation compassionate to many and is my homeland I am sickened at what is
happening
and what my son is being made to do as a Marine
Ultimately we have morphed into an empire It breaks my
heart that my son may die on
foreign soil fighting a useless war that will only lead to more death and
destruction
The
broken
nerves
longer
the
occupation
of
bleeding military that
is
and hearts are also
Iraq continues more death and destruction
being stretched even further each day and
being stretched further each day
two things all of us can count on
Along with a
the anxious families of those
serving whose
are
Oahr Jamail is an independent
journalist who has reported for the Guardian the Independent and the
writes regularly for Inter Press Service and Truthout He maintains a web site at
dahriamailiraq com
now
http
www
truthout orgdoc s 2006
printec092606A shtml
Sunday
Herald He
10 3 2006
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