How to Adjust Meritor Wabco height control valve

How to Adjust Meritor Wabco height control valve
TP-96139
Revised 02-00
TECHNICAL BULLETIN
This technical bulletin covers both cab and chassis
leveling valves manufactured by Meritor WABCO.
While the general installation and maintenance
information applies to both valves, there are some
differences. A cab or chassis valve icon appears
wherever this occurs.
Meritor WABCO Cab
Leveling Valves and
Chassis Leveling Valves
Figure 1
SUPPLY
CONTROL
LEVER
IN
OUT
Indicates Information
Applies to Cab Leveling
Valve.
Indicated Information
Applies to Chassis
Leveling Valve.
DELIVERY
LEVELING
VALVE
VERTICAL
LINKAGE
How the Cab Leveling and Chassis
Leveling Valves Work
The positions illustrated are for chassis leveling
valves. In cab leveling valve applications, the
UP/DOWN control lever movements for
supply/exhaust may be reversed, depending
upon the mounting location.
When Vehicle Load Is Increased
Figure 2
AIR INLET
TO AIR BAGS
• The control lever shifts to allow air from the
reservoir to flow through the supply port and
into the air bags from the delivery port.
Figure 1 and Figure 2.
• Pressure in the air bags increases and raises the
chassis or cab height. When the operating valve
reaches NEUTRAL position, the valve closes.
TO AIR BAGS
LEVELING
VALVE
CONTROL
LEVER
EXHAUST
PORT
VERTICAL
LINKAGE
16579/24240
Printed in the USA
© Copyright Meritor WABCO , 2000
TP-96139
Revised 02-00
Page 1
When Vehicle Load Is Decreased
CAB LEVELING VALVE
Pull the control lever UP
1.0 - 1.5 inches (25-38 mm).
If air passes through the
valve, the intake section of
the valve works correctly.
The cab will rise and the
flow of air will be audible.
Figure 3.
• The control lever shifts in the opposite direction
and allows air to exhaust from the air bags
through the valve or delivery/exhaust ports.
Check Valves
• A check valve in the chassis leveling valve
maintains air pressure in the suspension system
even if, for example, air bag pressure exceeds
supply pressure or a blockage exists in the
delivery system.
CHASSIS LEVELING VALVE
Pull the control lever UP at a
45° angle. If air passes
through the valve, the intake
section of the valve works
correctly. The chassis will
rise and the flow of air will
be audible. Figure 4.
• A check valve in the cab leveling valve retains
minimum air bag inflation pressure.
Checking the Cab or Chassis
Leveling Valve
Figure 3
WARNING
To prevent serious eye injury, always wear safe
eye protection when you perform vehicle
maintenance or service.
CONTROL LEVER
1
IN
2
OUT
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the
wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving.
Support the vehicle with safety stands. Do not
work under a vehicle supported only by jacks.
Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal injury
can result.
Verify that all personnel are clear of the tractor
before you inflate or deflate the air bags. The air
suspension has various pinch points that can
cause serious personal injury.
3
LEVELING
VALVE
VERTICAL
LINKAGE
CLAMPS
VERTICAL
LINKAGE
1. INFLATE
2. NEUTRAL POSITION
3. DEFLATE
Figure 4
1. Unhitch the trailer from the tractor.
2. Block the wheels.
3. Run the engine to build up vehicle air pressure
to at least 100 psi (690 kPa) to ensure the
pressure protection valve does not block
supply to the leveling valve.
NEUTRAL POSITION
CONTROL
LEVER
INFLATE
45˚
4. Disconnect the leveling valve linkage from the
control lever.
NOTE: Meritor WABCO cab and chassis
leveling valves are not serviceable.
VERTICAL
LINKAGE
-45˚
DEFLATE
LEVELING
VALVE
5. Move the control lever:
NOTE: In some cab applications, the
UP/DOWN control lever movements for
supply/exhaust may be reversed.
NOTE: Cab leveling valves exhaust internally
at the boot opening and body seams, and can
be heard when you enter and exit the vehicle.
TP-96139
Revised 02-00
Page 2
© Copyright Meritor WABCO , 2000
16579/24240
Printed in the USA
The NEUTRAL position (see Figure 3 and Figure 4)
is an area in which the cab or chassis leveling
valve is neither supplying nor exhausting air. It can
also be referred to as the “dead band.”
The NEUTRAL position on a chassis leveling valve
with an 8 inch (203 mm) control lever is
typically ± 1/4 inch (6.3 mm), but can range
between a minimum ± 1/8 inch and a
maximum ± 3/8 inch (3.2 mm and 9.5 mm) on most
vehicles.
On a normal cab leveling valve installation, the
NEUTRAL position will respond similarly, but will
be very narrow: ± 1/16 inch (1.5 mm).
6. Return the control lever to the NEUTRAL
position. Air should stop flowing.
7. Move the control lever:
12. If the valve operates correctly as outlined in all
of the above steps, no further checking of the
valve is necessary. However, the valve linkage
may be out of adjustment or another condition
may exist. Do not replace the leveling valve.
Reconnect the leveling valve vertical linkage to
the control lever. Refer to the leveling valve
adjustment procedures in this publication.
Adjusting the Chassis
Leveling Valve
WARNING
Remove all air from the system before you service
any air system component. Pressurized air can
cause serious personal injury.
CAB LEVELING VALVE
Push the control lever
DOWN 1.0 - 1.5 inches
(25-38 mm). If air exhausts
through the valve, the
exhaust section of the valve
is operating correctly. The
cab will lower and the flow
of air will be audible.
1. Unhitch the trailer from the tractor. Do not
apply the parking brakes. Block the wheels on
one axle only. With the vehicle on a level
surface, adjust the suspension height. Verify
that there is no load on the chassis.
CHASSIS LEVELING VALVE
Push the control lever
DOWN at a 45° angle. If air
exhausts through the valve,
the exhaust section of the
valve is operating correctly.
The chassis will lower and
the flow of air will be
audible.
3. Mark the location of the front and rear tires on
the floor.
8. If the leveling valve does not supply or exhaust
air, or if the NEUTRAL position will not stop the
flow of air, refer to the Diagnostics Chart on
page 7. Eliminate all possible diagnostic
causes before replacing the leveling valve.
9. Return the control lever to the NEUTRAL
position. Install a 5/32 inch (4 mm) pin or drill
bit into the valve body to secure the control
arm in the NEUTRAL position. If the air stops,
the valve is working correctly. If the air does
not stop, refer to the Diagnostics Chart on
page 7 before replacing the valve.
2. With the transmission in NEUTRAL, build the
secondary air pressure to at least 100 psi
(690 kPa). Turn the engine OFF.
4. Verify that the control lever is installed in the
correct cross hole as indicated by the mark (<)
on the boss. Figure 5.
Figure 5
PIVOT POINTS
8 INCHES (203 MM)
MOUNTING
FASTENERS
ADJUSTMENT
LOCKNUT
1
10. Remove the 5/32 inch (4 mm) pin or drill bit
from the valve body.
11. Check the NEUTRAL position to ensure a
minimum ± 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) and a
maximum ± 3/8 inch (9.5 mm). If the NEUTRAL
position band exceeds either range, replace
the leveling valve. Consult the manufacturer's
service manual for correct removal and
installation procedures.
16579/24240
Printed in the USA
CONTROL
LEVER
VERTICAL
LINKAGE
2
1. The marking on the boss must be pointing
toward the front of the vehicle.
2. Install 5/32 inch (4 mm) pin or drill bit here
to secure in the NEUTRAL position.
© Copyright Meritor WABCO , 2000
TP-96139
Revised 02-00
Page 3
5. Check the length of the control lever between
pivot points. The length should be 8 inches
(203 mm). If adjustment of the length of the
control lever is required, proceed to Step 6. If
the length of the control lever is correct,
proceed to Step 9.
Figure 7
CONTROL LEVER
REAR AXLE
HOUSING
6. Loosen the adjustment locknut on the chassis
leveling valve.
MOUNTING
BRACKET
7. Move the control lever FORWARD or
BACKWARD until the length between the pivot
points is 8 inches (203 mm).
VERTICAL
LINKAGE
8. Tighten the adjustment locknut to a torque of
62 lb-in (700 N•cm). If height adjustment is
needed, use 2-1/2 inches (64 mm) as the target
value.
9. Measure the distance from the bottom of the
most forward left axle stop to the top of the
axle U-bolt pad. Figure 6. The correct distance
is 2-3/8 - 2-7/8 inches (60-73 mm). If the
distance is within this specification, the
leveling valve is installed correctly.
AIR BAG
13. Push the control lever DOWN to let the air
exhaust from the valve until the distance from
the bottom of the axle stop to the top of the
axle U-bolt pad is 2 inches (51 mm) or less.
NOTE: Whenever you adjust the valve,
exhaust the air springs and raise the chassis to
the recommended measurement.
Figure 6
LEFT MOST
FORWARD
AXLE STOP
14. Rotate the leveling valve LEFT-TO-RIGHT to
raise the suspension height to 2-1/2 inches
(64 mm). Stop the air flow to the air bag by
rotating the leveling valve RIGHT-TO-LEFT to
the “dead” band.
1
15. Rotate the leveling valve so it is in the center of
the NEUTRAL position.
U-BOLT PAD
16. Insert a 5/32 inch (4 mm) drill bit or pin through
the hole in the lower right side of the metal
flange and into the valve body to secure the
valve in neutral. Figure 5.
1. Measure height here (2-3/8 - 2-7/8 inches [60-73 mm]).
17. Tighten the height control valve mounting
fasteners. Refer to the vehicle manufacturer's
service manual for correct torque
specifications.
18. Remove the 5/32 inch (4 mm) drill bit or pin.
10. If the distance is not correct, go to Step 11. If
the distance is correct, apply the parking
brakes. Remove the blocks from the wheels.
11. Loosen the two mounting fasteners that attach
the leveling valve to the mounting bracket.
NOTE: Rotate the leveling valve slightly to
prevent changing the suspension height.
12. Rotate the leveling valve RIGHT-TO-LEFT
(as you are facing it from the driver’s side of
the vehicle) to lower the suspension height to
2-1/2 inches (64 mm). Figure 7.
TP-96139
Revised 02-00
Page 4
19. Test drive the unloaded vehicle for about
1/4 mile (1/2 km).
20. To ensure accurate measurements, return the
vehicle to the exact location as previously
marked on the floor in Step 3. Park the vehicle
using a light brake application.
21. Block the wheels on one axle only. Put the
transmission into neutral. Do not apply the
parking brakes.
© Copyright Meritor WABCO , 2000
16579/24240
Printed in the USA
NOTE: During the test drive, it is normal for
the vehicle to adjust for the width of the
NEUTRAL position. The measurement made
after the test drive will be slightly larger than
that which was originally set. If the height is
within the specified limits, do not readjust.
22. Remeasure the distance between the bottom
of the most forward left axle stop and the top
of the axle U-bolt pad. Figure 6. If the distance
is incorrect, repeat the adjustment procedure.
23. If the distance is correct, the adjustment
procedure is complete. Apply the parking
brakes and then remove the blocks from the
wheels.
Adjusting the Cab Leveling Valve
1. With the vehicle on a level surface, adjust the
cab height. Make sure there is no load on the
cab. Apply the parking brakes. Block the
wheels.
2. With the transmission in NEUTRAL, build the
secondary air pressure to at least 100 psi
(690 kPa). Turn the engine OFF.
NOTE: If height adjustment is needed, use
1.0 inch (25 mm) as the target value.
4. If the distance is correct, remove the blocks
from the wheels. If the distance is not correct,
go to Step 5.
5. Put a one-inch (25 mm) block between the
UPPER and LOWER cab-mount stops. If
necessary, raise the cab so the block will fit,
then lower the cab onto the block.
6. Disconnect the control lever from the
vertical linkage.
7. Pull back the flap on the rubber boot to expose
the hole in the cab leveling valve body.
Figure 9. Move the control lever UP or DOWN
slightly to align the hole in the valve body with
the hole in the plastic pivot assembly.
Figure 9
1
BOOT FLAP
CONTROL LEVER
NOTE: If the rubber cap is missing from the
lower cab-mount stop, replace it before
measuring the cab height.
3. Measure the distance from the bottom of the
upper cab-mount stop to the top of the lower
cab-mount stop. Figure 8. The correct distance
is 7/8 - 1-1/4 inches (22-32 mm). If the distance
is within this specification, the cab leveling
valve is installed correctly.
RUBBER BOOT
1. Install 5/32 inch (4 mm) pin or drill bit
here to secure the NEUTRAL position.
Figure 8
AIR BAG
UPPER
CAB-MOUNT STOP
SHOCK
ABSORBER
CAB
LEVELING
VALVE
AIR BAG
1
SHOCK
ABSORBER
VERTICAL
LINKAGE
RUBBER CAP
LOWER
CAB-MOUNT STOP
CONTROL
LEVER
1. Measure height here (7/8 - 1-1/4 inches [22-32 mm]).
16579/24240
Printed in the USA
© Copyright Meritor WABCO , 2000
TP-96139
Revised 02-00
Page 5
8. Insert a 5/32 inch (4 mm) pin or drill bit into the
holes to secure the cab leveling valve in the
NEUTRAL position.
9. Adjust the length of the vertical linkage.
Lengthen or shorten the vertical linkage rod as
necessary until the upper hole in the linkage
aligns with the hole in the control lever.
Retighten the linkage clamps.
10. Connect the vertical linkage to the control
lever. Tighten the fasteners. Refer to the
vehicle manufacturer’s service manual for
correct torque specifications.
11. Remove the 5/32 inch (4 mm) pin or drill bit
previously inserted in the leveling valve.
12. Raise the control lever to its maximum height
to allow the air bags to inflate. Hold the control
lever up until the weight of the cab is off the
block. Remove the block.
13. To confirm the adjustment, push DOWN on the
control lever. Hold the lever down until most of
the air is exhausted from the air bags.
14. Release the control lever and let the valve
return to the NEUTRAL position. Measure the
distance between the upper and lower
cab-mount stops. The distance should be
between 7/8 - 1-1/4 inches (22-32 mm).
If the distance is incorrect, repeat the
adjustment procedure.
15. If needed, minor adjustments should be made
to the vertical linkage to ensure that the
vertical linkage is perpendicular to the
control lever.
16. Remove the blocks from the wheels.
Removal and Installation of
Leveling Valve
Consult the vehicle manufacturer’s service manual
for correct installation and removal procedures.
TP-96139
Revised 02-00
Page 6
© Copyright Meritor WABCO , 2000
16579/24240
Printed in the USA
Diagnostics Chart
CONDITION
POSSIBLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
NO AIR TO THE VALVE
• Air system not working properly
Inspect air lines for pinching. Inspect pressure protection valve.
Verify system pressure by removing the supply line at the valve.
Inspect the internal valve filters for debris. Remove debris as
necessary. Refer to the OEM operating instructions for pressure
protection valve information.
• Clogged air supply lines
• Clogged valve filter
EXHAUSTING OF AIR
AFTER CONTROL
LEVER REVERTS TO
NEUTRAL POSITION
HIGH AIR
CONSUMPTION
ROUGH RIDE
BOTTOMING OUT
VIBRATION
16579/24240
Printed in the USA
• Audible supplying and/or exhausting
of air that stops after the vehicle
adjusts ride height
Normal operation of valve exhaust. No action required. Changes
to the cab or chassis height require the valve to supply or exhaust
air from the system. The cab leveling valve can frequently be
heard during and just after entry or exiting of the cab.
• Contaminants in the air system
Inspect the air supply system for oil, moisture or foreign
materials. If contamination is suspected, evacuate and clean the
system. Reassemble and test the leveling valve for proper
operation. Replace only if the valve testing procedures fail.
• Stripped or damaged fittings or
perforated air lines
Inspect all air supply lines and fittings for possible leaks. Damage
may occur to fittings during installation or transportation.
Replace as necessary.
• Incorrect tubing installation
Particularly on the cab leveling valve, inspect tubing cuts and
connections. Re-cut and reassemble as necessary. Make sure cuts
are straight and smooth. Use the proper tube cutting tool.
• Improper plumbing
Inspect installation of the inlet and output ports. Reassemble as
instructed in the manufacturer's service manual. [Note: The cab
valve will maintain ride height if the inlet and outlet lines are
reversed, but the valve will continuously exhaust at ride height.]
• Control lever length is incorrect
Refer to the valve adjustment procedures for proper installation.
• Internal problem with leveling valve
If all of the above causes have been eliminated and the problem
still persists, contact the Meritor WABCO Customer Service
Center at 800-535-5560.
• Air leakage
Check all air lines and connections for leaks. Make necessary
repairs.
• Worn shock absorbers on either the
cab or chassis
Check shocks for oil leakage. Replace shocks as necessary. Worn
shocks result in excess cab or chassis movement.
• Control lever length is incorrect
Follow the linkage and valve adjustment procedures on pages 3
and 5 to adjust linkage to OEM specifications.
• Incorrect valve installation
Follow the linkage and valve adjustment procedures on
pages 3 and 5. Check for proper valve installation and orientation
of plumbing to the air supply and delivery ports. If problem
persists, contact Meritor WABCO Customer Service Center at
800-535-5560.
•
Adjust the control lever to specifications.
NEUTRAL position below minimum
• Incorrect ride height
Check the height at the proper measuring points. Adjust the cab
leveling valve as necessary. (Refer to Adjusting the Leveling
Valve on page 5).
• Worn shock absorbers
Check shocks for oil leakage. Worn shocks result in excess cab or
chassis movement.
• Valve will not exhaust
Check for crimped air delivery line or incorrect installation of
control lever. Make necessary repairs.
• Wide NEUTRAL position
Follow the linkage and valve replacement procedures.
• Valve will not deliver air
Check for crimped air supply and/or delivery lines. Verify system
pressure at the valve. Check for proper valve installation. Check
for blockage in the dump valve.
• Incorrect chassis height
Check the chassis height at the proper measuring points. Adjust
the chassis leveling valve as necessary. (Refer to page 3.)
• Worn shock absorbers
Check shocks for oil leakage. Worn shocks result in excess cab or
chassis movement.
• Wide NEUTRAL position
Follow the linkage and valve replacement procedures.
• Incorrect drive line angles
Follow the linkage and valve adjustment procedure on page 3
and page 5.
© Copyright Meritor WABCO , 2000
TP-96139
Revised 02-00
Page 7
Meritor WABCO
Vehicle Control Systems
3331 West Big Beaver Road, Suite 300
Troy, MI 48084 USA
800-535-5560
www.meritorauto.com
Information contained in this publication was in effect at the time the publication was approved for
printing and is subject to change without notice or liability. Meritor WABCO reserves the right to
revise the information presented or discontinue the production of parts described at any time.
© Copyright 2000
Meritor WABCO
All Rights Reserved
Printed in the USA
TP-96139
Issued 02-00
16579/24240
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