SOLAR BOOST™ 1524iX
SOLAR BOOST™ 1524iX
15 AMP 24VDC / 20 AMP 12VDC MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING
PHOTOVOLTAIC CHARGE CONTROLLER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
MANUAL
THIS MANUAL INCLUDES IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR MODEL SB1524iX
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
COVERED UNDER ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS
6,111,391 • 6,204,645
© Blue Sky Energy, Inc. 2011
430-0029 B
Blue Sky Energy - Solar Boost 1524iX
TABLE OF CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................................................ 2
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION...................................................................................................................................................... 3
Features Omitted in the Solar Boost 1524i ............................................................................................................ 3
Part Numbers and Options..................................................................................................................................... 3
OPERATION ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Charge Status Indicator.......................................................................................................................................... 3
Auxiliary Output Indicator ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Optional Remote Displays...................................................................................................................................... 3
Three Stage Charge Control .................................................................................................................................. 3
Bulk Charge ................................................................................................................................... 3
Acceptance Charge........................................................................................................................ 4
Float Charge .................................................................................................................................. ..4
Two Stage Charge Control..................................................................................................................................... 4
Equalization............................................................................................................................................................ 4
Current Limit........................................................................................................................................................... 4
Optional Temperature Compensation .................................................................................................................... 5
Maximum Setpoint Voltage Limit............................................................................................................................ 5
Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) ............................................................................................................... 5
Panel Temperature and Output Power................................................................................................................... 5
Multiple Charge Controllers On The IPN Network.................................................................................................. 5
INSTALLATION....................................................................................................................................................................... 5
Electrostatic Handling Precautions......................................................................................................................... 6
Battery and PV Voltage .......................................................................................................................................... 6
Selecting PV Modules ............................................................................................................................................ 6
As Shipped Factory Default Settings...................................................................................................................... 6
Equalize Enable ..................................................................................................................................................... 6
Battery Temperature Sensor .................................................................................................................................. 6
Battery and PV Wiring ............................................................................................................................................ 7
Auxiliary Output ...................................................................................................................................................... . 7
Auxiliary Battery Charge ................................................................................................................ 8
Load Controller............................................................................................................................... 8
Dusk-to-Dawn Lighting Control ...................................................................................................... 8
Installing a Multi-Controller System........................................................................................................................ 8
IPN Network Address..................................................................................................................... 9
Mounting................................................................................................................................................................. 9
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE................................................................................................................................................ 10
SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................................................................................................... 11
ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY......................................................................................................................................... 11
TABLES AND FIGURES
Table 1
Table 2
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
1
Charge Status Indicator ................................................................................................................. 3
Maximum Conductor Length - 3% Voltage Drop..............................................................................7
Front Panel Indicators .................................................................................................................... 4
Factory Charge Voltage Setpoint -vs.- Battery Temperature......................................................... 5
Setup and Wiring Diagram ............................................................................................................. 7
Auxiliary Output Wiring................................................................................................................... 8
IPN Network Wiring........................................................................................................................ 9
Detailed Dimensional Drawing ....................................................................................................... 9
Installation and Operation Manual
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
This manual contains important instructions for Model SB1524iX
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
1. Refer installation and servicing to qualified service personnel. High voltage is present inside unit. Incorrect installation or use may result in risk of electric shock
or fire. No user serviceable parts in this unit.
2. To reduce the risk of electric shock, fire or personal injury, the following symbols are placed throughout this manual to indicate dangerous conditions, or
important safety or operational instructions.
WARNING
CAUTION
IMPORTANT
)
Indicates dangerous conditions or electric
shock potential. Use extreme caution.
Indicates items critical to safe installation or
operation of the unit.
Follow these instructions closely for proper
operation of the unit
3. PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS
a) Working in the vicinity of lead-acid batteries is dangerous. Batteries produce explosive gasses during normal operation.
b) To reduce risk of battery explosion, follow these instructions and those published by battery manufacturer and manufacturer of any equipment you intend
to use in vicinity of battery.
c) Someone should be within range of your voice or close enough to come to your aid when you work near a lead-acid battery.
d) Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts skin, clothing or eyes.
e) Wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Avoid touching eyes while working near battery.
f) If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and water. If acid enters eye, immediately flood eye with running cold water for at
least 15 minutes and get medical attention immediately.
g) NEVER SMOKE or allow a spark or flame in vicinity of battery.
h) Be extra cautious to reduce risk of dropping metal tool onto battery. It might spark or short circuit battery or other electrical part that may cause explosion.
i) Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets and watches when working with a lead-acid battery. A lead-acid battery can produce a short circuit
current high enough to weld a ring or the like to metal, causing a severe burn.
j) Remove all sources of power, photovoltaic and battery before servicing or installing.
4. CHARGER LOCATION & INSTALLATION
a) This unit is designed to charge 12V (6-cell) or 24V (12-cell) flooded or sealed type lead-acid chemistry batteries within the range of 10 to 5,000 amphours. Follow battery manufacturers charging recommendations when considering this unit for use with other battery chemistry.
b) This unit employs components that tend to produce arcs or sparks. NEVER install in battery compartment or in the presence of explosive gases.
c) This unit must be installed and wired in accordance with National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70.
d) Over current protection for the battery must be provided externally. To reduce the risk of fire, connect to a circuit provided with 25 amperes maximum
branch-circuit over current protection in accordance with National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70.
e) Over current protection for the auxiliary load control output or auxiliary battery charge output must be provided externally. To reduce the risk of fire,
connect to load or auxiliary battery with 25 amperes maximum over current protection in accordance with National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70.
f)
Insure that unit is properly configured for the battery being charged.
g) This unit is not water tight. Do not expose to rain, snow or excessive moisture.
h) Insure all terminating connections are clean and tight. Battery, PV and Auxiliary Output terminals are to be tightened to 9 in-lb (1 nm). IPN Network and
battery temperature sensor compression terminals are to be tightened to 2.1 in-lb (0.24 nm).
i)
Do not connect to a PV array capable of producing greater than 16A short circuit current for 12V systems, or 12A short circuit for 24V systems. Limit
input short circuit current to 6A if the 24V input 12V output mode is used or 8A if the 18V input 12V output mode is used.
j)
This unit is not provided with a GFDI (ground-fault detector/interrupter) device and must be used with an external GFDI device as required by Article 690
of National Electrical Code for the installation location.
5. PREPARING TO CHARGE
a) Never charge a frozen battery.
b) Be sure battery is mounted in a well ventilated compartment.
c) Add distilled water in each cell of a lead-acid battery until battery acid reaches level specified by battery manufacturer.
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Blue Sky Energy - Solar Boost 1524iX
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Solar Boost™ 1524iX is a 12V or 24V multi-stage Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) photovoltaic battery charge controller capable delivering up
to 15 amps or 20 amps depending on PV modules and battery voltage. An auxiliary output can serve as either a 2A auxiliary battery charger, or as a load
controller with or without variable Dusk-to-Dawn lighting control. The 1524 includes an IPN Network interface which allows multiple charge controllers to
communicate with each other and operate as a single charging machine.
Through the use of patented MPPT technology the 1524 can increase charge current up to 30% or more compared to conventional controllers. The
1524’s sophisticated three stage charge control system improves battery performance and life while minimizing battery maintenance. The unit is fully
protected against voltage transients, over temperature, over current, reverse battery and reverse PV connections.
PART NUMBERS AND OPTIONS
• SB1524iX ...........Solar Boost 1524iX charge controller
• IPNPRO .............IPN-ProRemote display & battery monitor
• CS-500 ...............500A/50mV current shunt
• 930-0022-20 .......Battery temperature sensor
• IPNPRO-S .......... IPN-ProRemote with required 500A/50mV current shunt
• IPNREM ............. IPN-Remote display
• 930-0039-01 ....... Deluxe mounting box, black powder coated
OPERATION
Charge control and MPPT operation are fully automatic. At night when PV power production stops, the PV array is disconnected from the battery to
prevent unwanted current drain eliminating the need for external blocking diodes. There is a 5 second turn-on delay, and a 45 second turn-off delay.
)
¾ The 1524 operates on battery power, not PV power. A battery must be connected with a minimum voltage of 9V for the unit to
operate.
CHARGE STATUS INDICATOR
A charge status indicator is provided on the face of the 1524, and on the optional remote displays. If net battery charge current is greater than ≈3 to 5 amps
per 100 amp-hours of battery capacity the charge status indicator can provide a rough indication of battery state of charge.
CHARGE STATUS INDICATOR
CHARGE STATUS INDICATOR
OFF
CONTINUOUSLY ON
BLINKING • 1 SEC ON / 1 SEC OFF
BLINKING • 0.2 SEC ON / 1 SEC OFF
RAPID BLINKING • 0.2 SEC ON / 0.2 SEC OFF
CHARGE MODE
CHARGE OFF
BULK
ACCEPTANCE
FLOAT
EQUALIZE
APPROXIMATE CHARGE LEVEL
<70% FULL
70% - 95% FULL
FULLY CHARGED
TABLE 1
AUXILIARY OUTPUT INDICATOR
An Auxiliary Output indicator labeled LOAD is provided on the face of the 1524. The indicator will be ON when the auxiliary output is ON providing power to
a load, or charging an auxiliary battery. Auxiliary Output status can also be viewed on the IPN-ProRemote.
OPTIONAL REMOTE DISPLAYS
There are two available remote displays, the low cost IPN-Remote and the full featured IPN-ProRemote. The IPN-Remote is a basic 3-digit low power
LED type voltage, current and charge mode display without setup or control capability. The full featured IPN-ProRemote provides setup capability and
enhanced monitoring of charge controllers on the IPN network. It also provides a complete battery system monitor with various amp-hour counters and a highly
accurate “fuel gage” type battery level indicator.
THREE STAGE CHARGE CONTROL
The 1524 is factory configured for a three stage charging process, Bulk, Acceptance and Float. The three stage charge process provides a somewhat
higher charge voltage to charge the battery quickly and safely. Once the battery is fully charged a somewhat lower voltage is applied to maintain the battery
in a fully charged state without excessive water loss. Three stage charge improves battery performance and life while minimizing battery maintenance.
Bulk Charge
The 1524 will be in Bulk charge when battery voltage is below the Acceptance Charge Voltage setpoint. During Bulk the 1524 delivers as much charge
current as possible to rapidly recharge the battery and drive battery voltage up to the Acceptance Charge Voltage setpoint.
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Installation and Operation Manual
Acceptance Charge
When the battery recovers sufficient charge for battery voltage to rise to the Acceptance Charge Voltage setpoint (factory set to 14.2/28.4V) current is
reduced as necessary to hold the battery at the Acceptance Voltage. The 1524 remains in Acceptance until the battery is fully charged as determined by either;
1.
2.
The 1524 has remained in Acceptance continuously for the Charge Time period (factory set to 2 hours).
– OR –
With the IPN-ProRemote display, net battery charge current while in Acceptance decreases to the Float Transition Current setting (factory
set to 1.5A per 100 amp-hours of battery capacity).
Float Charge
Once the battery is fully charged a somewhat lower Float Voltage (factory set to 13.2/26.4V) is applied to maintain the battery in a fully charged state
without excessive water loss. During Float a healthy fully charged lead-acid battery will draw ≈0.1–0.2 amps per 100 amp-hours of battery capacity.
TWO STAGE CHARGE CONTROL
Certain battery types or system configurations may require two stage charge control which eliminates the Float charge stage. The 1524 can be configured
for two stage Bulk/Acceptance charge control by setting the Float charge voltage setting to No Float using the IPN-ProRemote. Refer to the IPN-ProRemote
operators manual.
FRONT PANEL INDICATORS
Charge Status Indicator
Shows present charge mode and
approximate battery state of charge.
It is normal for the front panel to be
quite warm to the touch when
operating at high power.
Auxiliary Output Indicator
Shows when auxiliary output is ON for
load control or auxiliary battery charge.
FIGURE 1
EQUALIZATION
¾ WARNING: Not all batteries can be safely equalized. Equalization should be performed only on vented liquid electrolyte
lead-acid batteries. Always follow battery manufacturers recommendations pertaining to equalization. Equalization applies a
relatively high voltage producing significant battery gassing. Disconnect equipment that cannot tolerate the high equalization
voltage which is temperature compensated.
The SB1524 can perform automatic equalization alone, or manual equalization via the IPN-ProRemote. Equalization is essentially a controlled
overcharge which applies a relatively high voltage to bring all battery cells up to the same specific gravity and eliminates electrolyte stratification by heavily gassing
the battery. While equalization parameters are adjustable with the IPN-ProRemote, factory default parameters of 15.2V for 2 hours every 30 days are suitable for
most applications. A minimum net charge current of approximately 3.5 amps per 100 amp-hours of battery capacity is required for proper equalization.
The equalization timer is a “time at voltage” time accumulator counting in 3 minute increments. The equalization timer will not count down unless the battery
reaches the equalization voltage setpoint. Unless manually canceled the 1524 will stay in equalize for as long as necessary to accumulate the required time at
voltage. If equalize does not complete by end of the charging day it will resume where it left off the next charging day. If equalize does not complete in a reasonable
period of time due to insufficient current, it should be canceled manually via the IPN-ProRemote or by momentarily removing power to reboot the 1524.
CURRENT LIMIT
Automatic current limit prevents output current from exceeding 20A with 12V batteries and 12V PV’s. If PV open circuit voltage (VOC) ever exceeds
30V which would occur with PV voltage greater than 12V nominal, current limit will become 15A until the 1524 reboots. Note that when the 1524 exits current
limit the charge control system will briefly enter acceptance on it’s way back to MPPT even though battery voltage may be low.
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Blue Sky Energy - Solar Boost 1524iX
OPTIONAL TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION
The charge voltage required by batteries changes with battery temperature. Temperature compensation of charge voltage enhances battery
performance and life, and decreases maintenance. Automatic temperature compensation can be provided using the optional battery temperature sensor
(BSE p/n 930-0022-20). The default compensation factor of –5.00mV/°C/cell is appropriate for most lead-acid batteries.
FACTORY DEFAULT CHARGE VOLTAGE SETPOINT -VS.- BATTERY TEMPERATURE
FIGURE 2
MAXIMUM SETPOINT VOLTAGE LIMIT
Regardless of setpoint values entered by the user or result from temperature compensation the 1524 will not apply a charge voltage setpoint greater
than the maximum voltage setpoint limit factory configured to 15.5/31.0V. Note that actual battery voltage may briefly exceed this value by 0.1 – 0.2V as the
voltage control servo responds to changes in load.
MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING (MPPT)
Patented MPPT technology can extract more power and increase charge current up to 30% or more compared to conventional controllers. The
principal operating conditions which affect current boost performance are PV array temperature and battery voltage. At constant solar intensity, available PV
voltage and power increase as PV temperature decreases but it takes an MPPT controller to access this extra power. When PV voltage is sufficiently high in Bulk
for MPPT to operate, a constant power output is delivered to the battery. Since output power is constant a decrease in battery voltage produces a further increase
in charge current. This means that the 1524 provides the greatest charge current increase when you need it most, in cold weather with a discharged battery. In
cool comfortable temperatures most systems see about 10 – 20% increase. Charge current increase can go to zero in hot temperatures, whereas charge current
increase can easily exceed 30% with a discharged battery and freezing temperatures. For a more complete MPPT description see www.blueskyenergyinc.com.
PANEL TEMPERATURE AND OUTPUT POWER
Internal power control devices use the front panel as a heatsink. It is normal for the front panel to become quite warm to the touch when the unit is
operating at high power. When mounted vertically as described in the installation section, the unit can deliver full output in an ambient temperature of up to
50°C (122°F). If an over temperature condition exists, the unit will shut down and the Charge Status Indicator will display an OFF condition. The 1524 does not
include a digital type temperature sensor and will always show the heatsink to be –55°C on the IPN-ProRemote.
MULTIPLE CHARGE CONTROLLERS ON THE IPN NETWORK
The IPN network architecture allows multiple charge controllers to operate as a single charging machine. Up to 8 IPN compatible charge controllers
can reside on a single network and can share a single display and battery temperature sensor. Charge controllers can be added to grow a small system into
a large system and have this large system operate from the users standpoint as a single charge controller.
INSTALLATION
¾ WARNING: Read, understand and follow the Important Safety Instructions in the beginning of this manual before proceeding.
This unit must be installed and wired in accordance with National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70. Over current protection must be
provided externally. To reduce the risk of fire, connect to a circuit provided with 20A maximum branch-circuit over current protection
(25A with 12V battery and 12V PV modules) in accordance with National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70. Do not connect a PV
array capable of delivering greater than 12A of short circuit current ISC at STC (16A with 12V battery and 12V PV modules). Do not
connect BAT– and PV– together external to the unit. The unit is not provided with a GFDI (ground-fault detector/interrupter) device
and must be used with an external GFDI device as required by Article 690 of NEC for the installation location. To reduce risk of
electric shock, remove all sources of power before installing or servicing. Figures 3, 4 and 5 show generalized connections only and
are not intended to show all wiring, circuit protection and safety requirements for a photovoltaic electrical system.
¾ CAUTION: The 1524 is protected against reverse battery and PV polarity, and swapped PV and battery connections, but will be
damaged by reverse battery to the PV terminals. Transient voltage lightning protection is provided, but steady state voltage in
excess of 57VDC on the battery or PV terminals will damage the unit. Damage of either type voids the limited warranty.
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Installation and Operation Manual
ELECTROSTATIC HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
All electronic circuits may be damaged by static electricity. To minimize the likelihood of electrostatic damage, discharge yourself by touching a water faucet
or other electrical ground prior to handling the 1524 and avoid touching components on the circuit boards. The risk of electrostatic damage is highest when relative
humidity is below 40%.
BATTERY AND PV VOLTAGE
Nominal battery voltage and PV voltage are determined automatically. The battery is considered to be 12V if battery voltage following boot is less than
16V, or 24V if battery voltage is greater. If the battery is determined to be 24V all 12V voltage setpoints are doubled. PV voltage is also determined
automatically. If nominal PV voltage is changed following installation power must be momentarily removed to reboot the 3024 to reconfigure PV voltage.
SELECTING PV MODULES
Voltage, current and power produced by Photovoltaic (PV) modules fluctuate widely with operating conditions. As a result a set of test conditions
referred to as Standard Test Conditions (STC) are used to rate modules in a meaningful manner and accurately predict real world performance. STC
ratings are not maximum or optimal ratings. Conditions can be present where VOC and ISC approach 1.25 times STC ratings which is why National Electrical
Code and our recommendations call for 1.25 derating of both VOC and ISC. Yet in real world conditions IMP is commonly only about 75 – 80% of IMP at STC.
Key PV module specifications;
PMAX Maximum power in watts (PMAX = VMP x IMP)
VOC
Voltage with module open circuit (typically ≈20 – 22V for 12V modules)
VMP
Voltage where module produces Maximum Power (typically ≈17 – 18V for 12V modules)
Current where module produces Maximum Power
IMP
Current with module Short Circuit
ISC
The 1524 will provide the best MPPT current boost performance if all PV modules are identical. If module types are mixed, do not put dissimilar
modules in series. Dissimilar modules in parallel should have VMP values within ≈0.5V or better for 12V modules, and be of the same basic cell technology so
their VMP will tend to track as operating conditions change. If module types are very different consider using a separate charge controller for each module
type to obtain the best MPPT current boost performance.
Select PV modules that do not exceed the maximum ratings shown below, and preferably produce at least 3A of IMP per 100 amp-hours of battery capacity.
Nominal
Battery
Voltage
12V
12V
12V
24V
Automatic
Current Limit
20A*
15A
15A
15A
Maximum
PV Power @
STC
270W
200W
200W
400W
Maximum
PV
Isc @ STC
16A*
8A
6A
12A
Maximum
PV
VOC @ STC
24.0V*
45.6V
45.6V
45.6V
Recommended range of VMP at STC
Nominal 12V PV
Nominal 18V PV
Nominal 24V PV
16.5 – 18.5V
5
5
5
5
24.8 – 27.8V
5
5
5
5
33.0 – 37.0V
33.0 – 37.0V
*Current rating and current limit are 20A when charging a 12V battery from nominal 12V PV modules. If
PV VOC ever exceeds 30V (>12V nominal PV modules) current rating and current limit become 15A.
AS SHIPPED FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS
)
¾ The 1524 contains various user configurable settings all of which are preconfigured at the factory. Most installations require no
changes to these settings which are typically suitable for most lead-acid batteries including sealed lead-acid batteries such as
Gel and AGM. All software programmable settings require the IPN-ProRemote to change and are retained if power is lost or the
IPN-ProRemote is used as a setup tool only and removed.
Software programmable settings
• Charge mode .............................................. 3-stage
• Acceptance voltage .................................... 14.2/28.4V
• Float voltage ................................................ 13.2/26.4V
• Charge time ................................................ 2.0 hours
• Float Transition Current .............................. 1.5A/100 amp-hours
• Load control ON voltage ........................... 12.6/25.2V
• Load control OFF voltage ......................... 11.523.0V
•
•
•
•
•
•
DIP switch & jumper settings (All DIP’s OFF, A2 open)
• Auxiliary Output mode ................................ Auxiliary battery charger
• Equalize ...................................................... Disabled
• IPN Network address ............................................... 0 (zero, IPN Master)
Equalize voltage ....................................................... 15.2/30.4V
Equalize time ............................................................ 2.0 hours
Auto equalize days ................................................... 30 days
Maximum voltage setpoint limit ................................ 15.5/31.0V
Temperature compensation factor ........................... −5.00mV/°C/cell
Dusk-to-Dawn lighting control ................................ Disabled
EQUALIZE ENABLE
If DIP switch #4 is turned OFF, equalization is completely disabled. If DIP switch #4 is turned ON prior to the application of battery power, automatic
equalization is enabled and the 1524 will perform automatic equalization after the set number of Auto Equalize Days has elapsed. If DIP switch #4 is turned
ON, after battery power is applied an automatic equalization cycle will begin immediately. Equalization can also be started and stopped from the IPNProRemote if DIP switch #4 is ON.
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Blue Sky Energy - Solar Boost 1524iX
BATTERY TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Installation of the optional battery temperature sensor enables temperature compensation of all charge voltage setpoints. In a multi-controller system a
single temperature sensor must connect to the IPN master. Do not attach a sensor or connections other than Blue Sky Energy battery temperature sensor p/n
930-0022-20. The cable may be lengthened or shortened if necessary. Be certain to observe proper RED/BLK polarity.
BATTERY AND PV WIRING
A desirable installation will produce a total system wiring voltage drop of 3% or less. The lengths shown in Table 2 are one way from the PV modules to the
battery with the 1524 located along the path. Wire length can be increased inversely proportional to actual current. If current was reduced by ½, wire lengths could
be doubled and still provide the same 3% voltage drop.
¾ CAUTION: Battery, PV and Auxiliary Output terminal block accept #20−10 AWG wire and are to be tightened to 9 in-lb (1
nm). IPN Network and Temperature Sensor compression terminals accept #24−14 AWG wire and are to be tightened to 2.1 inlb (0.24 nm). DO NOT connect Bat– and PV– together outside of the unit or improper operation will result. Bat– and PV– connect
together internally.
MAXIMUM CONDUCTOR PAIR LENGTH - 3% VOLTAGE DROP
WIRE GAUGE
AWG
12 AWG
10 AWG
8 AWG
6 AWG
4 AWG
12 VOLT SYSTEM @16A
FEET / METERS
8.0 / 2.4
12.8 / 4.0
20.2 / 6.2
32.4 / 9.8
51.0 / 15.6
24 VOLT SYSTEM @12A
FEET / METERS
21.4 / 6.6
33.8 / 10.4
53.8 / 16.4
85.6 / 26.0
136.2 / 41.4
TABLE 2
SETUP AND WIRING DIAGRAM
FIGURE 3
AUXILIARY OUTPUT
The auxiliary output can serve one of three functions; a 2 amp auxiliary battery charger, a 20 amp 12V or 15 amp 24V load controller with Low Voltage
Disconnect (LVD), or a 15/20 amp variable Dusk-to-Dawn lighting controller. The Charge/Load function is selected by DIP switch #3 shown in Figure 3. The IPNProRemote is required to adjust LVD thresholds or enable Dusk-to-Dawn lighting control. Auxiliary outputs in a networked multi-controller system will function
normally, but only the auxiliary output in the master can be configured or monitored using the IPN-ProRemote. The auxiliary output Load Indicator will illuminate
whenever the auxiliary output is ON.
¾ CAUTION: The auxiliary output cannot perform both auxiliary battery charge and load control functions at the same time. Do not
connect to the Load+ terminal for auxiliary battery charge.
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Installation and Operation Manual
AUXILIARY BATTERY CHARGE – DIP #3 OFF
The auxiliary charge function is used to charge an auxiliary battery of the same voltage as the primary battery. If the primary battery is charging in
Acceptance or Float, up to 2 amps is diverted to the auxiliary battery at the same charge voltage. Auxiliary battery charge is disabled during Bulk or Equalization.
Use 10 or 12 awg wire to minimize voltage drop and the same 25/20 amp over current protection shown in Table 4.
AUXILIARY OUTPUT WIRING
FIGURE 4
LOAD CONTROLLER – DIP #3 ON
The load controller operates as a high side switch from battery positive. Default settings are for Low Voltage Disconnect (LVD) with ON at VBAT ≥12.6/25.2V,
and OFF at VBAT ≤11.5/23.0V. Adjusting these thresholds requires the IPN-ProRemote as a setup tool. Load ON/OFF operation can also be based battery amphours from full if an IPN-ProRemote is permanently installed. The ON/OFF condition must be valid for 20 seconds before switching will occur. If the higher/lower
values are reversed the output control logic is inverted.
¾ WARNING:. Over current protection for the load control output must be provided externally. Maximum load current and required
over current protection is specified in Table 4. If the load control is configured to operate based on battery amp-hours from full
configure ON/OFF voltage thresholds as well. If amp-hour from full data is not available, voltage based operation will resume.
ON/OFF thresholds must not be set to the same value or improper operation will result.
LOAD CONTROL RATINGS & OVER CURRENT PROTECTION
Nominal
Battery Voltage
12V
24V
Maximum Load Current
20A
15A
Maximum Switched
Load Power
300W
450W
Maximum Over Current
Protection
25A
20A
TABLE 4
DUSK-TO-DAWN LIGHTING CONTROL – DIP #3 ON
An IPN-ProRemote with software version V2.00 or later is required to setup and enable lighting control. Refer to IPN-ProRemote operators manual for
lighting control setup instructions. Variable time settings are available to turn lighting ON after Dusk (Post-Dusk timer) and/or ON before Dawn (Pre-Dawn timer). If
both timers are set to DISABLED (factory default), the lighting control feature is disabled. If either the Post-Dusk or Pre-Dawn timers are set to a time value the
lighting control feature is enabled. When lighting control is enabled the Load output is controlled by both the normal load control function and the lighting control
function such that whichever function wants the Load output OFF prevails.
Dusk or night time begins when the charge control system turns OFF which occurs when PV module current drops below ≈50mA at battery voltage. Dawn
or day time begins when the charge control system turns ON which occurs when PV module current rises to ≈100mA at battery voltage. If the Post-Dusk timer is
set to 1.0 hour and the Pre-Dawn timer is set to 2.0 hours, lights would turn ON at Dusk, remain ON for one hour, and then turn OFF. Two hours before Dawn the
lights would again turn ON and remain ON until Dawn. For full Dusk to Dawn lighting set the Post-Dusk timer to 20 hours. When the 1524 first boots it does not
know when Dawn is expected to occur so the Pre-Dawn control does not operate for the first night. Once a night time period of 4 hours or more is detected this
night time period is stored and Pre-Dawn control will operate. Each subsequent night time period greater than 4 hours is added to a filtered average of night time.
INSTALLING A MULTI-CONTROLLER SYSTEM
A communication link is established between controllers by daisy chaining a twisted pair cable from the IPN Network terminal block, controller to controller
(A-to-A, B-to-B) as shown in Figure 5. Up to 8 IPN based charge controllers can be connected together in a multi-controller system. Device address 0 (zero) is the
master and 1 – 7 are slaves. The master controls the charging process and directs the activities of the slaves.
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Blue Sky Energy - Solar Boost 1524iX
¾ CAUTION: A multi-controller system requires the following specialized installation and setup:
1) Each controller must connect to and charge the same primary battery.
2) One controller must be set to address 0 (zero, Master) and the others be set to addresses 1 – 7 with no controllers set the same.
3) Charge parameters are set in the master only.
4) While outputs connect in parallel to a common battery, PV inputs and wiring to each controller must be completely separate.
5) All controllers must be connected to the IPN network as shown in Figure 5.
IPN NETWORK WIRING
FIGURE 5
)
IPN Network Address – DIP’s #1, #2 & Jumper A2
¾ A single controller must be set to IPN network address 0 (zero). In a multi-controller system one controller must be set to
address 0 (zero) to serve as the master. The other controllers must be set to address 1-7 with no two controllers set the same.
The 1524 requires that a jumper be soldered across location A2 to select addresses 4 through 7.
DIP
SWITCH
JUMPER (A2)
# 1 (A1)
# 2 (A0)
MASTER
0
NO
OFF
OFF
1
NO
OFF
ON
IPN NETWORK ADDRESS
SLAVES
2
3
4
NO
NO
YES
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
5
YES
OFF
ON
6
YES
ON
OFF
7
YES
ON
ON
MOUNTING
¾ CAUTION: Mount the 1524 vertically to promote air flow and do not enclose in a confined space. The 1524 is not watertight and
must be protected from rain, snow and excessive moisture. Do not to place mounting screws under large brown capacitor when
securing mounting box to surface. DO NOT remove from or install into mounting box with power applied as damage resulting from
shorting to the mounting box voids the limited warranty. An optional black powder coated deluxe mounting box available.
DETAILED DIMENSIONAL DRAWING
FIGURE 6
9
Installation and Operation Manual
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
SYMPTOM
Completely dead,
optional display blank
Unit will not turn ON
(charge status indicator
OFF), Display if
attached is ON
Charge status indicator
ON., but no output
charge current
Charge status indicator
blinks rapidly
Charge OFF at high
ambient temperature
Charge current is lower
than expected, PV
current may be low as
well
MPPT Current boost is
less than expected
PROBABLE CAUSE
No battery power
PV disconnected or low in voltage
ITEMS TO EXAMINE OR CORRECT
Battery disconnected, overly discharged, or connected reverse polarity. Battery powers the 1524,
not PV.
PV must supply 0.10 amps at greater than battery voltage to begin charge.
PV reverse polarity
Reverse polarity PV will cause front to heat.
IPN network address set wrong
A single unit must be set to IPN network address 0 (zero). One unit of a multi-unit network must
be set to IPN network address 0 (zero), AND all other units must be set to different addresses.
Microprocessor lockup
Battery voltage greater than charge voltage
setpoint
Momentarily remove all power to re-boot.
This is normal operation. Output is off due to high battery voltage which may be caused by other
charging systems.
Battery voltage too low
Battery voltage must be at least 9V for the 1524 to operate.
PV- connected to BAT- external to controller
System in equalize mode
PV- & BAT- must be separate for proper operation. PV- must receive earth ground via shunts
inside the 1524 which internally connect PV- to BAT-. External connection prevents proper
operation of current measurement system.
Disable equalize via IPN-ProRemote, or by turning DIP switch #4 off.
System temporarily shuts down due to high
heat sink temperature
Battery is highly charged
Improve ventilation or reduce PV power. Sufficient ventilation to prevent over temperature shut
down will improve reliability. See Technical Bulletin #100206.
Normal operation, current is reduced if battery voltage is at setpoint.
Worn out or dissimilar PV modules
Replace, or use as is.
Low insolation
Atmospheric haze, PV’s dirty or shaded, sun low on horizon, etc.
PV- connected to BAT-
PV- & BAT- must be separate for proper operation. PV- must receive earth ground via shunts
inside the 1524 which internally connect PV- to BAT-. External connection prevents proper
operation of current measurement system.
PV’s with low VMP. PV’s with higher VMP work best, PV’s with <36 cells tend to work poorly.
PV maximum power voltage (VMP) is not
much higher than battery voltage, leaving
little extra power to be extracted
Excessive PV wiring voltage drop due to undersize wiring, poor connections etc.
Battery is nearly charged and battery voltage is high. Output during MPPT operation is “constant
power”, higher battery voltage reduces charge current increase.
Auxiliary battery not
being charging
System appears OK,
but will not switch
between Bulk,
Acceptance & Float
Load control not
working
Dusk-to-Dawn feature,
lights will not turn ON or
remain ON
Dusk-to-Dawn feature,
lights will not turn OFF
PV’s hot
VMP and available power decrease with increasing PV cell temperature. Cooler PV’s will produce
greater boost. It is normal for boost to decrease as PV temperature rises.
Worn out or dissimilar PV modules
Not configured for auxiliary battery charge
Replace, use as is, or use different controller for different PV modules.
Confirm dip switch #3 is OFF.
Primary battery not highly charged
Auxiliary battery will not receive charge unless primary battery is in Acceptance or Float.
Load on Auxiliary battery too high
Not set for 3 stage charge
Maximum auxiliary charge current is roughly 2 amps. Load may need to be reduced.
Double check Float voltage setpoint.
Will not switch out of Bulk and into
Acceptance or Float
Battery is so discharged that net charge current cannot bring battery voltage up to the desired
charge voltage setpoint. PV power may be too low or loads too high.
Will not switch from Acceptance to Float
Auxiliary output not set for load control
Battery not fully charged. Unit will not switch to Float until battery voltage remains at the
Acceptance voltage setpoint continuously for the Charge Time period (or net battery current
drops to the Float Transition Current setpoint if using IPN-ProRemote).
Confirm dip switch #3 is ON.
Output may have shut off due to low battery
charge
Load will shut off if battery voltage drops below OFF threshold (default 11.5V). Once shut off, the
load will not come back on until battery voltage is above ON threshold (default 12.6V).
ON/OFF thresholds set incorrectly
Auxiliary output not set for load control
Correct ON/OFF threshold settings.
Confirm dip switch #3 is ON and Dusk-to-Dawn enabled.
Output may have shut off due to low battery
charge
Load turns off if battery voltage below OFF threshold (default 11.5/23.0V). Once off, the load will
remain off until battery voltage is above ON threshold (default 12.6/25.2V).
Charge control system ON
Lights will not turn on if charge control system is ON and charging.
Timers set incorrectly
Check time settings Post-Dusk or Pre-dawn timer.
Valid night time period not seen
Auxiliary output not set for load control
Pre-Dawn lighting will not operate until a valid night time period of >4 hours detected. If PV was
removed/reconnected, night time period may be inaccurate. Remove & restore power to reboot
Confirm dip switch #3 is ON and Dusk-to-Dawn enabled.
Timers set incorrectly
Either Post-Dusk or Pre-dawn timers must be set to time value to enable Dusk-to-Dawn feature.
Charge control does not turn ON
Check charge control system related items
10
Blue Sky Energy - Solar Boost 1524iX
SYMPTOM
Networked units do not
seem to coordinate
action or slaves do not
turn on
PROBABLE CAUSE
IPN network address set wrong
ITEMS TO EXAMINE OR CORRECT
One unit of a multi-unit network must be set to IPN network address 0 (zero), AND all other units
must be set to different addresses.
Network wiring problem
Temperature related
functions do not work.
Temperature sensor not installed on master
Confirm wiring correctly in place. Use IPN-ProRemote to view Charge Unit Status screens to
confirm communication.
Temperature sensor must be installed on the master in a multi-controller system. Temperature
sensor inputs on slaves are disabled.
Temperature sensor failed or installed
reverse polarity
If sensor is open, short, reverse polarity or missing system will operate as if sensor was at 25°C.
Sensor temperature can be read directly on the IPN-ProRemote. Sensor voltage when connected
reads 2.98V at 25°C, changing at +10mV/°C.
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Output Current Rating
Nominal Battery Voltage
PV Input Voltage
Power Consumption
Charge Algorithm
Acceptance Voltage
Float Voltage
Equalization Voltage
Voltage Setpoint Limit
Auxiliary Output
• Aux. Battery Charge
• Load Control
• Dusk-to-Dawn Controlℑ
Solar Boost 1524iX
20 amp maximum (12V battery & 12V PV’s) • 15 amp maximum (battery or PV’s > 12V nominal)
12 / 24VDC
57VDC maximum (Recommend maximum VOC at STC ≤ 45.6VDC)
0.20W typical standby • plus 0.40W each for charge ON & Load ON
3-stage Bulk/Acceptance/Float • plus automatic Equalize
14.2VDCℵ fixed (range 10.0 – 40.0VDCℑ)
13.2VDCℵ fixed (range 10.0 – 40.0VDCℑ)
15.2VDCℵ fixed (range 10.0 – 40.0VDCℑ)
15.5VDCℵ fixed (range 10.0 – 40.0VDCℑ)
Single output configurable as either: 20 amp 12V / 15 amp 24V load controller –or– 2A auxiliary battery charger
2A typical, same charge voltage as primary battery
20 amp / 15 amp maximum, ON ≥12.6VDCℵ / OFF ≤11.5VDCℵ (Range 10.0 – 40.0VDCℑ, or battery amp-hours from fullℑ)
Variable Post–Dusk and Pre–Dawn timersℑ, Range 0.5 – 20.0 hours
Temperature Compensation
Optional sensor adjusts charge voltage based on battery temperature
–5.00 mV/°C/cell correction factor (Range 0.00 to –8.00 mV/°C/cellℑ) • sensor range –60 to +80°C
Power Conversion Efficiency
97% typical @ 28V / 12A Output
Physical Configuration
Open frame construction with conformal coated electronics mounted to rear of 5.3” x 5.3” (13.5cm x 13.5cm)
and Dimensions
clear anodized aluminum face plate. Mounts into standard 411/16” (11.9cm) square electrical box which is included.
Volt/Amp Accuracy/Range
Battery voltmeters 40.0VDC±0.50% FS • PV voltmeter 60.0VDC±0.50% FS
Ammeters 25.0A±0.50% FS
Communication
Blue Sky Energy’s proprietary IPN Network interface
Environmental
–40 to +50°C, 10 – 90% RH non-condensing
ℵ
As a part of our continuous improvement process
Voltages double for 24V battery
ℑ
With IPN-ProRemote
specifications are subject to change without prior notice
FIVE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
Blue Sky Energy, Inc. (hereinafter BSE), hereby warrants to the original consumer purchaser, that the product or any part thereof shall be free from defects due to
defective workmanship or materials for a period of five (5) years subject to the conditions set forth below.
1.
This limited warranty is extended to the original consumer purchaser of the product, and is not extended to any other party.
2.
The limited warranty period commences on the date the product is sold to the original consumer purchaser. A copy of the original purchase receipt identifying purchaser
and date of purchase, must accompany the product to obtain warranty repairs.
3.
This limited warranty does not apply to, and future warranty shall become void, for any product or part thereof damaged by; a) alteration, disassembly or application of a
foreign substance, b) repair or service not rendered by a BSE authorized repair facility, c) accident or abuse, d) corrosion, e) lightning or other act of God, f) operation or
installation contrary to instructions pertaining to the product, or g) cosmetic aging.
4.
If BSE’s examination of the product determines that the product is not defective the consumer shall be charged a test and evaluation fee of $20 and be responsible for all
transportation costs and insurance related to returning the product to the consumer. The consumer is ultimately responsible for proper installation and operation of the
product and BSE’s prior troubleshooting assistance shall not serve as a waiver of the test and evaluation fee. The test and evaluation fee is subject to change without
prior notice.
5.
If within the coverage of this limited warranty, BSE shall repair or replace the product at BSE’s sole discretion and return the product via standard ground transportation of
BSE’s choosing within the continental US. The consumer shall be responsible for all transportation costs and insurance to return the product outside the continental US,
and for all transportation costs and insurance related to expedited return of the product. BSE’s liability for any defective product or any part thereof shall be limited to the
repair or replacement of the product. BSE shall not be liable for any loss or damage to person or property, or any other damages, whether incidental, consequential or
otherwise, caused by any defect in the product or any part thereof.
6.
Any implied warranty for merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the length of this warranty.
7.
To obtain warranty repairs, contact BSE at 760-597-1642 to obtain a Returned Goods Authorization (RGA) number. Mark the outside of the package with the RGA
number and return the product, postage prepaid and insured to the address below. The consumer is responsible for all transportation costs and insurance related to
returning the product to BSE, and for any shipping damage which may void the warranty or increase the cost of repairs.
Blue Sky Energy, Inc.
2598 Fortune Way, Suite K
Vista, CA 92081 USA
800-493-7877 • 760-597-1642 • Fax 760-597-1731 • www.blueskyenergyinc.com
11
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