Regulation 48
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AGREEMENT
CONCERNING THE ADOPTION OF UNIFORM TECHNICAL PRESCRIPTIONS
FOR WHEELED VEHICLES, EQUIPMENT AND PARTS WHICH CAN BE FITTED
AND/OR BE USED ON WHEELED VEHICLES AND THE CONDITIONS FOR
RECIPROCAL RECOGNITION OF APPROVALS GRANTED ON THE BASIS OF
THESE PRESCRIPTIONS ∗/
(Revision 2, including the amendments which entered into force on 16 October 1995)
_________
Addendum 47: Regulation No. 48
Revision 5
Incorporating all valid text up to:
03 series of amendments - Date of entry into force: 10 October 2006 **/
Corrigendum 2 to Revision 3, subject of Depositary Notification C.N.1149.2006.TREATIES-5 dated
13 December 2006
Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 13 to the 02 series of amendments, subject of Depositary Notification
C.N.1150.2006.TREATIES-5 dated 13 December 2006
Erratum to Revision 4
Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments - Date of entry into force: 2 February 2007
Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments - Date of entry into force: 12 June 2007
Corrigendum 1 to Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments, subject of Depositary Notification
C.N.1160.2007.TREATIES-1 dated 18 January 2008
Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments - Date of entry into force: 12 June 2007
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF VEHICLES WITH REGARD
TO THE INSTALLATION OF LIGHTING AND LIGHT-SIGNALLING DEVICES
_________
UNITED NATIONS
∗/
Former title of the Agreement:
Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Conditions of Approval and Reciprocal Recognition of Approval for Motor Vehicle Equipment
and Parts, done at Geneva on 20 March 1958.
**/
Except for Bosnia and Herzegovina, which notified the UN Secretary-General that it disagrees with the 03 series of amendments.
(Reference: C.N.810.2006.TREATIES-5 dated 4 October 2006)
GE.08-
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Regulation No. 48
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF VEHICLES WITH
REGARD TO THE INSTALLATION OF LIGHTING AND LIGHT-SIGNALLING DEVICES
CONTENTS
REGULATION
Page
1.
Scope ......................................................................................................................... 5
2.
Definitions ................................................................................................................. 5
3.
Application for approval............................................................................................. 16
4.
Approval .................................................................................................................... 17
5.
General specifications ................................................................................................ 19
6.
Individual specifications............................................................................................. 26
7.
Modifications and extensions of the approval of the vehicle type
or of the installation of its lighting and light-signalling devices ................................ 84
8.
Conformity of production........................................................................................... 85
9.
Penalties for non-conformity of production ................................................................ 86
10.
Production definitely discontinued ............................................................................. 86
11.
Names and addresses of the Technical Services responsible for conducting
approval tests, and of Administrative Departments ..................................................... 86
12.
Transitional provisions ............................................................................................... 86
ANNEXES
Annex 1 -
Communication concerning the approval or refusal or extension or withdrawal of
approval or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type with regard to the
installation of lighting and light-signalling devices, pursuant to Regulation No. 48
Annex 2 -
Arrangements of approval marks
Annex 3 -
Lamp surfaces, axis and centre of reference, and angles of geometric visibility
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CONTENTS (continued)
Annex 4 -
Visibility of a red lamp to the front and visibility of a white lamp to the rear
Annex 5 -
States of loading to be taken into consideration in determining variations in the
vertical orientation of the dipped-beam headlamp
Annex 6 -
Measurement of the variation of dipped-beam inclination as a function of load
Annex 7 -
Indication of the stated initial adjustment referred to in paragraph 6.2.6.1.1. of this
Regulation
Annex 8 -
The controls for the headlamp-levelling devices referred to in paragraph 6.2.6.2.2.
of this Regulation
Annex 9 -
Control of conformity of production
Annex 10 -
Examples of light source options.
Annex 11 -
Visibility of conspicuity markings to the rear and side of a vehicle
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SCOPE
This Regulation applies to vehicles of categories M, N, and to their trailers
(category O) 1/ with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling
devices.
2.
DEFINITIONS
For the purpose of this Regulation:
2.1.
"Approval of a vehicle" means the approval of a vehicle type with regard to the
number and mode of installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices;
2.2.
"Vehicle type with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling
devices" means vehicles which do not differ in the essential respects mentioned in
paragraphs 2.2.1. to 2.2.4.
The following are likewise considered not to be "vehicles of a different type":
vehicles which differ within the meaning of paragraphs 2.2.1. to 2.2.4., but not in
such a way as to entail a change in the kind, number, positioning and geometric
visibility of the lamps and the inclination of the dipped-beam prescribed for the
vehicle type in question, and vehicles on which optional lamps are fitted or are
absent:
2.2.1.
the dimension and the external shape of the vehicle;
2.2.2.
the number and positioning of the devices;
2.2.3.
the headlamp-levelling system;
2.2.4.
the suspension system.
2.3.
"Transverse plane" means a vertical plane perpendicular to the median
longitudinal plane of the vehicle;
2.4.
"Unladen vehicle" means a vehicle without driver, crew, passengers and load, but
with a full supply of fuel, spare wheel and the tools normally carried;
_________________
1/
As defined in Annex 7 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles
(R.E.3), (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2 as last amended by Amend.4).
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2.5.
"Laden vehicle" means a vehicle loaded to its technically permissible maximum
mass, as stated by the manufacturer, who shall also fix the distribution of this
mass between the axles in accordance with the method described in Annex 5;
2.6.
"Device" means an element or an assembly of elements used to perform one or
more functions;
2.6.1.
"Lighting function" means the light emitted by a device to illuminate the road and
objects in the direction of vehicle movement;
2.6.2.
"Light-signalling function" means the light emitted or reflected by a device to
give to other road users visual information on the presence, identification and/or
the change of movement of the vehicle;
2.7.
"Lamp" means a device designed to illuminate the road or to emit a light signal to
other road users. Rear registration plate lamps and retro-reflectors are likewise to
be regarded as lamps. For the purpose of this Regulation, light-emitting rear
registration plates and the service-door-lighting system according to the
provisions of Regulation No. 107 on vehicles of categories M2 and M3 are not
considered as lamps;
2.7.1.
Light source ∗/
2.7.1.1.
"Light source" means one or more elements for visible radiation, which may be
assembled with one or more transparent envelopes and with a base for mechanical
and electrical connection.
A light source may also be constituted by the extreme outlet of a light-guide, as
part of a distributed lighting or light-signalling system not having a built-in outer
lens;
2.7.1.1.1.
"Replaceable light source" means a light source which is designed to be inserted in
and removed from the holder of its device without tool;
2.7.1.1.2.
"Non-replaceable light source" means a light source which can only be replaced
by replacement of the device to which this light source is fixed;
(a)
∗/
in case of a light source module: a light source which can only be replaced
by replacement of the light source module to which this light source is
fixed;
For clarification see Annex 10.
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in case of adaptive front-lighting systems (AFS): a light source which can
only be replaced by replacement of the lighting unit to which this light
source is fixed;
2.7.1.1.3.
"Light source module" means an optical part of a device which is specific to that
device, is containing one or more non-replaceable light sources, and is only
removable from its device with the use of tool(s). A light source module is so
designed that regardless the use of tool(s), it is not mechanically interchangeable
with any replaceable approved light source;
2.7.1.1.4.
"Filament light source" (filament lamp) means a light source where the element
for visible radiation is one or more heated filaments producing thermal radiation;
2.7.1.1.5.
"Gas-discharge light source" means a light source where the element for visible
radiation is a discharge arc producing electro-luminescence/fluorescence;
2.7.1.1.6.
"Light-emitting diode" (LED) means a light source where the element for visible
radiation is one or more solid state junctions producing injectionluminescence/fluorescence;
2.7.1.2.
"Electronic light source control gear" means one or more components between
supply and light source to control voltage and/or electrical current of the light
source;
2.7.1.2.1.
"Ballast" means an electronic light source control gear between supply and light
source to stabilise the electrical current of a gas-discharge light source;
2.7.1.2.2.
"Ignitor" means an electronic light source control gear to start the arc of a gasdischarge light source.
2.7.1.3.
"Variable intensity control" means the device which automatically controls rear
light signalling devices producing variable luminous intensities to assure the
unvarying perception of their signals. The variable intensity control is part of the
lamp, or part of the vehicle, or split between the said lamp and the vehicle.
2.7.2.
"Equivalent lamps" means lamps having the same function and authorized in the
country in which the vehicle is registered; such lamps may have different
characteristics from those installed on the vehicle when it is approved on
condition that they satisfy the requirements of this Regulation;
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2.7.3.
"Independent lamps" means devices having separate illuminating surfaces, 2/
separate light sources and separate lamp bodies;
2.7.4.
"Grouped lamps" means devices having separate illuminating surfaces 2/ and
separate light sources, but a common lamp body;
2.7.5.
"Combined lamps" means devices having separate illuminating surfaces, 2/ but a
common light source and a common lamp body;
2.7.6.
"Reciprocally incorporated lamps" means devices having separate light sources or
a single light source operating under different conditions (for example, optical,
mechanical, electrical differences), totally or partially common illuminating
surfaces 2/ and a common lamp body;
2.7.7.
"Single-function lamp" means a part of a device which performs a single lighting
or light-signalling function;
2.7.8.
"Concealable lamp" means a lamp capable of being partly or completely hidden
when not in use. This result may be achieved by means of a movable cover, by
displacement of the lamp or by any other suitable means. The term "retractable"
is used more particularly to describe a concealable lamp the displacement of
which enables it to be inserted within the bodywork;
2.7.9.
"Driving beam (main-beam) headlamp" means the lamp used to illuminate the
road over a long distance ahead of the vehicle;
2.7.10.
"Passing beam (dipped-beam) headlamp" means the lamp used to illuminate the
road ahead of the vehicle without causing undue dazzle or discomfort to
oncoming drivers and other road-users;
2.7.11.
"Direction-indicator lamp" means the lamp used to indicate to other road-users
that the driver intends to change direction to the right or to the left;
A direction-indicator lamp or lamps may also be used according to the provisions
of Regulation No. 97;
2.7.12.
"Stop lamp" means a lamp used to indicate to other road users to the rear of the
vehicle that the longitudinal movement of the vehicle is intentionally retarded;
2/ In the case of lighting devices for the rear registration plate and the direction-indicators
(categories 5 and 6), replace by "light-emitting surface" in the absence of an illuminating
surface.
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2.7.13.
"Rear-registration plate illuminating device" means the device used to illuminate
the space reserved for the rear registration plate; such a device may consist of
several optical components;
2.7.14.
"Front position lamp" means the lamp used to indicate the presence and the width
of the vehicle when viewed from the front;
2.7.15.
"Rear position lamp" means the lamp used to indicate the presence and width of
the vehicle when viewed from the rear;
2.7.16.
"Retro-reflector" means a device used to indicate the presence of a vehicle by the
reflection of light emanating from a light source not connected to the vehicle, the
observer being situated near the source.
For the purposes of this Regulation the following are not considered as
retro-reflectors:
2.7.16.1.
retro-reflecting number plates;
2.7.16.2.
the retro-reflecting signals mentioned in the ADR (European Agreement
concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road);
2.7.16.3.
other retro-reflective plates and signals which must be used to comply with
national requirements for use as regards certain categories of vehicles or certain
methods of operation;
2.7.16.4.
retro-reflecting materials approved as Class D or E according to
Regulation No. 104 and used for other purposes in compliance with national
requirements, e.g. advertising.
2.7.17.
"Conspicuity marking" means a device intended to increase the conspicuity of a
vehicle, when viewed from the side or rear, by the reflection of light emanating
from a light source not connected to the vehicle, the observer being situated near
the source;
2.7.17.1.
"Contour marking" means a conspicuity marking intended to indicate the
horizontal and vertical dimensions (length, width and height) of a vehicle;
2.7.17.1.1.
"Full contour marking" means a contour marking that indicates the outline of the
vehicle by a continuous line;
2.7.17.1.2.
"Partial contour marking" means a contour marking that indicates the horizontal
dimension of the vehicle by a continuous line, and the vertical dimension by
marking the upper corners.
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2.7.17.2.
"Line marking" means a conspicuity marking intended to indicate the horizontal
dimensions (length and width) of a vehicle by a continuous line.
2.7.18.
"Hazard warning signal" means the simultaneous operation of all of a vehicle's
direction-indicator lamps to show that the vehicle temporarily constitutes a
special danger to other road-users;
2.7.19.
"Front fog lamp" means the lamp used to improve the illumination of the road in
case of fog, snowfall, rainstorms or dust clouds;
2.7.20.
"Rear fog lamp" means a lamp used to make the vehicle more easily visible from
the rear in dense fog;
2.7.21.
"Reversing lamp" means the lamp used to illuminate the road to the rear of the
vehicle and to warn other road-users that the vehicle is reversing or about to
reverse;
2.7.22.
"Parking lamp" means a lamp which is used to draw attention to the presence of a
stationary vehicle in a built-up area. In such circumstances it replaces the front
and rear position lamps;
2.7.23.
"End-outline marker lamp" means the lamp fitted near to the extreme outer edge
and as close as possible to the top of the vehicle and intended to indicate clearly
the vehicle's overall width. This lamp is intended, for certain vehicles and
trailers, to complement the vehicle's front and rear position lamps by drawing
particular attention to its bulk;
2.7.24.
"Side marker lamp" means a lamp used to indicate the presence of the vehicle
when viewed from the side;
2.7.25.
"Daytime running lamp" means a lamp facing in a forward direction used to make
the vehicle more easily visible when driving during daytime; 3/
2.7.26.
"Cornering lamp" means a lamp used to provide supplementary illumination of
that part of the road which is located near the forward corner of the vehicle at the
side towards which the vehicle is going to turn;
2.7.27.
"Objective luminous flux" means a design value of the luminous flux of a
replaceable light source. It shall be achieved, within the specified tolerances,
when the replaceable light source is energized by the power supply at the
specified test voltage, as indicated in the data sheet of the light source;
3/
National requirements may permit the use of other devices to meet this function.
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2.7.28.
"Adaptive front lighting system" (or "AFS") means a lighting device typeapproved according to Regulation No. 123, providing beams with differing
characteristics for automatic adaptation to varying conditions of use of the
dipped-beam (passing beam) and, if it applies, the main-beam (driving-beam);
2.7.28.1.
"Lighting unit" means a light-emitting component designed to provide or
contribute to one or more front lighting function(s) provided by the AFS;
2.7.28.2.
"Installation unit" means an indivisible housing (lamp body) which contains one
or more lighting unit(s);
2.7.28.3.
"Lighting mode" or "mode" means a state of a front lighting function provided by
the AFS, as specified by the manufacturer and intended for adaptation to specific
vehicle and ambient conditions;
2.7.28.4.
"System control" means that part(s) of the AFS receiving the AFS control signals
from the vehicle and controlling the operation of the lighting units automatically;
2.7.28.5.
"AFS control signal" (V, E, W, T) means the input to the AFS in accordance with
the paragraph 6.22.7.4. of this Regulation;
2.7.28.6.
"Neutral state" means the state of the AFS when a defined mode of the class C
passing beam ("basic passing beam") or of the main beam, if any, is produced,
and no AFS control signal applies.
2.8.
"Light emitting surface" of a "lighting device", "light-signalling device" or a
retro-reflector means all or part of the exterior surface of the transparent material
as declared in he request for approval by the manufacturer of the device on the
drawing, see Annex 3;
2.9.
"Illuminating surface" (see Annex 3);
2.9.1.
"Illuminating surface of a lighting device" (paragraphs 2.7.9., 2.7.10., 2.7.19.,
2.7.21. and 2.7.26.) means the orthogonal projection of the full aperture of the
reflector, or in the case of headlamps with an ellipsoidal reflector of the
"projection lens", on a transverse plane. If the lighting device has no reflector, the
definition of paragraph 2.9.2. shall be applied. If the light emitting surface of the
lamp extends over part only of the full aperture of the reflector, then the
projection of that part only is taken into account.
In the case of a dipped-beam headlamp, the illuminating surface is limited by the
apparent trace of the cut-off on to the lens. If the reflector and lens are adjustable
relative to one another, the mean adjustment should be used;
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In case an AFS is installed:
where a lighting function is produced by two or more simultaneously operated
lighting units on a given side of the vehicle, the individual illuminating surfaces,
taken together, constitute the illuminating surface to be considered (for example,
in the figure of paragraph 6.22.4. below, the individual illuminating surfaces of
the lighting units 8, 9 and 11, regarded together and taking into account their
respective location, constitute the illuminating surface to be considered for the
right hand side of the vehicle).
2.9.2.
"Illuminating surface of a light-signalling device other than a retro-reflector"
(paragraphs 2.7.11. to 2.7.15., 2.7.18., 2.7.20. and 2.7.22. to 2.7.25) means the
orthogonal projection of the lamp in a plane perpendicular to its axis of reference
and in contact with the exterior light-emitting surface of the lamp, this projection
being bounded by the edges of screens situated in this plane, each allowing only
98 per cent of the total luminous intensity of the light to persist in the direction
of the axis of reference.
To determine the lower, upper and lateral limits of the illuminating surface only
screens with horizontal or vertical edges shall be used to verify the distance to
the extreme edges of the vehicle and the height above the ground.
For other applications of the illuminating surface, e.g. distance between two
lamps or functions, the shape of the periphery of this illuminating surface shall
be used. The screens shall remain parallel, but other orientations are allowed to
be used.
In the case of a light-signalling device whose illuminating surface encloses either
totally or partially the illuminating surface of another function or encloses a nonlighted surface, the illuminating surface may be considered to be the light
emitting surface itself.
2.9.3
"Illuminating surface of a retro-reflector" (paragraph 2.7.16.) means, as declared
by the applicant during the component approval procedure for the retro-reflectors,
the orthogonal projection of a retro-reflector in a plane perpendicular to its axis of
reference and delimited by planes contiguous to the declared outermost parts of
the retro-reflectors' optical system and parallel to that axis. For the purposes of
determining the lower, upper and lateral edges of the device, only horizontal and
vertical planes shall be considered.
2.10.
The "apparent surface" for a defined direction of observation means, at the
request of the manufacturer or his duly accredited representative, the orthogonal
projection of:
either the boundary of the illuminating surface projected on the exterior surface of
the lens (a-b);
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or the light-emitting surface (c-d);
in a plane perpendicular to the direction of observation and tangential to the most
exterior point of the lens (see Annex 3 to this Regulation).
Only in the case of a light-signalling device producing variable luminous
intensities, its apparent surface that may be variable as specified in
paragraph 2.7.1.3. shall be considered under all conditions permitted by the
variable intensity control, if applicable.
2.11.
"Axis of reference" (or "reference axis") means the characteristic axis of the lamp
determined by the manufacturer (of the lamp) for use as the direction of reference
(H = 0°, V = 0°) for angles of field for photometric measurements and for
installing the lamp on the vehicle;
2.12.
"Centre of reference" means the intersection of the axis of reference with the
exterior light-emitting surface; it is specified by the manufacturer of the lamp;
2.13.
"Angles of geometric visibility" means the angles which determine the field of the
minimum solid angle in which the apparent surface of the lamp must be visible.
That field of the solid angle is determined by the segments of the sphere of which
the centre coincides with the centre of reference of the lamp and the equator is
parallel with the ground. These segments are determined in relation to the axis of
reference. The horizontal angles ß correspond to the longitude and the vertical
angles α to the latitude. There must be no obstacle on the inside of the angles of
geometric visibility to the propagation of light from any part of the apparent
surface of the lamp observed from infinity.
If measurements are taken closer to the lamp, the direction of observation must be
shifted parallel to achieve the same accuracy.
On the inside of the angles of geometric visibility no account is taken of
obstacles, if they were already presented when the lamp was type-approved.
If, when the lamp is installed, any part of the apparent surface of the lamp is
hidden by any further parts of the vehicle, proof shall be furnished that the part of
the lamp not hidden by obstacles still conforms to the photometric values
prescribed for the approval of the device as an optical unit (see Annex 3 of this
Regulation). Nevertheless, when the vertical angle of geometric visibility below
the horizontal may be reduced to 5° (lamp at less than 750 mm above the ground)
the photometric field of measurements of the installed optical unit may be
reduced to 5° below the horizontal.
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2.14.
"Extreme outer edge" on either side of the vehicle, means the plane parallel to the
median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and touching its lateral outer edge,
disregarding the projection:
2.14.1.
of tyres near their point of contact with the ground, and of connections for
tyre-pressure gauges;
2.14.2.
of any anti-skid devices mounted on the wheels;
2.14.3.
of rear-view mirrors;
2.14.4.
of side direction-indicator lamps, end-outline marker lamps, front and rear
position lamps, parking lamps, retro-reflectors and side-marker lamps;
2.14.5.
of customs seals affixed to the vehicle, and of devices for securing and protecting
such seals.
2.15.
"Overall width" means the distance between the two vertical planes defined in
paragraph 2.14. above;
2.16.
"Single and multiple lamps"
2.16.1.
"A single lamp" means:
2.16.2.
(a)
a device or part of a device having one lighting or light-signalling
function, one or more light source(s) and one apparent surface in the
direction of the reference axis, which may be a continuous surface or
composed of two or more distinct parts, or
(b)
any assembly of two independent lamps, whether identical or not, having
the same function, both approved as type "D" lamp and installed so that
the projection of their apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference
axis occupies not less than 60 per cent of the smallest quadrilateral
circumscribing the projections of the said apparent surfaces in the
direction of the reference axis.
"Two lamps" or "an even number of lamps", means a single light-emitting
surface in the shape of a band or strip if such band or strip is placed
symmetrically in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle, extends
on both sides to within at least 0.4 m of the extreme outer edge of the vehicle,
and is not less than 0.8 m long; the illumination of such surface shall be provided
by not less than two light sources placed as close as possible to its ends; the
light-emitting surface may be constituted by a number of juxtaposed elements on
condition that the projections of the several individual light-emitting surfaces on
a transverse plane occupy not less than 60 per cent of the area of the smallest
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rectangle circumscribing the projections of the said individual light-emitting
surfaces;
2.17.
"Distance between two lamps" which face in the same direction means the
shortest distance between the two apparent surfaces in the direction of the
reference axis. Where the distance between the lamps clearly meets the
requirements of the Regulation, the exact edges of apparent surfaces need not be
determined;
2.18.
"Operating tell-tale" means a visual or auditory signal (or any equivalent signal)
indicating that a device has been switched on and is operating correctly or not;
2.19.
"Closed-circuit tell-tale" means a visual (or any equivalent signal) indicating that
a device has been switched on, but not indicating whether it is operating
correctly or not;
2.20.
"Optional lamp" means a lamp, the installation of which is left to the discretion
of the manufacturer;
2.21.
"Ground" means the surface on which the vehicle stands which should be
substantially horizontal;
2.22.
"Movable components" of the vehicle mean those body panels or other vehicle
parts the position(s) of which can be changed by tilting, rotating or sliding
without the use of tools. They do not include tiltable driver cabs of trucks;
2.23.
"Normal position of use of a movable component" means the position(s) of a
movable component specified by the vehicle manufacturer for the normal
condition of use and the park condition of the vehicle;
2.24.
"Normal condition of use of a vehicle" means:
2.24.1.
for a motor vehicle, when the vehicle is ready to move with its propulsion engine
running and its movable components in the normal position(s) as defined in
paragraph 2.23.;
2.24.2.
and for a trailer, when the trailer is connected to a drawing motor vehicle in the
conditions as prescribed in paragraph 2.24.1. and its movable components are in
the normal position(s) as defined in paragraph 2.23.
2.25.
"Park condition of a vehicle" means:
2.25.1
for a motor vehicle, when the vehicle is at standstill and its propulsion engine is
not running and its movable components are in the normal position(s) as defined
in paragraph 2.23.;
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2.25.2.
and for a trailer, when the trailer is connected to a drawing motor vehicle in the
condition as described in paragraph 2.25.1. and its movable components are in
the normal position(s) as defined in paragraph 2.23.
2.26.
"Bend lighting" means a lighting function to provide enhanced illumination in
bends.
2.27.
"Emergency stop signal" means a signal to indicate to other road users to the rear
of the vehicle that a high retardation force has been applied to the vehicle
relative to the prevailing road conditions.
3.
APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1.
The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the installation of
its lighting and light-signalling devices shall be submitted by the manufacturer or
his duly accredited representative.
3.2.
It shall be accompanied by the following documents and particulars in triplicate:
3.2.1.
a description of the vehicle type with regard to the items mentioned in
paragraphs 2.2.1. to 2.2.4. above, together with the restrictions on loading,
particularly the maximum permissible load in the boot;
3.2.2.
a list of the devices prescribed by the manufacturer for the lighting and lightsignalling assembly. The list may include several types of device for each
operation. Each type must be duly identified (component, type-approval mark,
name of manufacturer, etc.), in addition the list may include in respect of each
function the additional annotation "or equivalent devices";
3.2.3.
a layout drawing of the lighting and light-signalling equipment as a whole,
showing the position of the various devices on the vehicle;
3.2.4.
if necessary, in order to verify the conformity to the prescriptions of the present
Regulation, layout drawing(s) for each individual lamp showing the illuminating
surface as defined in paragraph 2.9., the light-emitting surface as defined in
paragraph 2.8., the axis of reference as defined in paragraph 2.11. and the centre
of reference as defined in paragraph 2.12. This information is not necessary in
the case of the rear registration plate lamp (paragraph 2.7.13.);
3.2.5.
the application shall include a statement of the method used for the definition of
the apparent surface (see paragraph 2.10.).
3.2.6.
where an AFS is fitted on the vehicle, the applicant shall submit a detailed
description providing the following information:
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3.2.6.1.
the lighting functions and modes for which the AFS has been approved;
3.2.6.2.
the related AFS control signals and their technical characteristics as defined
according to Annex 10 of Regulation No. 123;
3.2.6.3.
the provisions being applied to adapt automatically the front lighting functions
and modes according to paragraph 6.22.7.4. of this Regulation;
3.2.6.4.
special instruction, if any, for the inspection of the light sources and the visual
observation of the beam;
3.2.6.5.
the documents according to paragraph 6.22.9.2. of this Regulation;
3.2.6.6.
the lamps that are grouped or combined with or reciprocally incorporated in the
AFS;
3.2.6.7.
lighting units which are designed to comply with the requirements of
paragraph 6.22.5. of this Regulation.
3.3.
An unladen vehicle fitted with a complete set of lighting and light-signalling
equipment, as prescribed in paragraph 3.2.2. above, and representative of the
vehicle type to be approved shall be submitted to the Technical Service
responsible for conducting approval tests.
3.4.
The document provided in Annex 1 of this Regulation shall be attached to the
type-approval documentation.
4.
APPROVAL
4.1.
If the vehicle type submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the
requirements of the Regulation in respect of all the devices specified in the list,
approval of that vehicle type shall be granted.
4.2.
An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits
(at present 03, corresponding to the 03 series of amendments) shall indicate the
series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments
made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same
Contracting Party shall not assign this number to another vehicle type or to the
same vehicle type submitted with equipment not specified in the list referred to in
paragraph 3.2.2. above, subject to the provisions of paragraph 7. of this
Regulation.
4.3.
Notice of approval or of extension or refusal of approval or production definitely
discontinued of a vehicle type/part pursuant to this Regulation shall be
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communicated to the Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation, by
means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
4.4.
There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified
on the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved
under this Regulation, an international approval mark consisting of:
4.4.1.
A circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the
country which has granted approval 4/;
4.4.2.
The number of this Regulation, followed by the letter "R", a dash and the
approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.
4.5.
If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other
Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval
under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1. need not to be
repeated, in such a case the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional
symbols of all the Regulations under which approval has been granted in the
country which has granted approval under this Regulation shall be placed in
vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.
4.6.
The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
4.7.
The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by
the manufacturer.
4/
1 for Germany, 2 for France, 3 for Italy, 4 for the Netherlands, 5 for Sweden, 6 for
Belgium, 7 for Hungary, 8 for the Czech Republic, 9 for Spain, 10 for Serbia, 11 for the United
Kingdom, 12 for Austria, 13 for Luxembourg, 14 for Switzerland, 15 (vacant), 16 for Norway,
17 for Finland, 18 for Denmark, 19 for Romania, 20 for Poland, 21 for Portugal, 22 for the
Russian Federation, 23 for Greece, 24 for Ireland, 25 for Croatia, 26 for Slovenia, 27 for
Slovakia, 28 for Belarus, 29 for Estonia, 30 (vacant), 31 for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 32 for
Latvia, 33 (vacant), 34 for Bulgaria, 35 (vacant), 36 for Lithuania, 37 for Turkey, 38 (vacant),
39 for Azerbaijan, 40 for The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 41 (vacant), 42 for the
European Community (Approvals are granted by its Member States using their respective ECE
symbol), 43 for Japan, 44 (vacant), 45 for Australia, 46 for Ukraine, 47 for South Africa, 48 for
New Zealand, 49 for Cyprus, 50 for Malta, 51 for the Republic of Korea, 52 for Malaysia, 53 for
Thailand, 54 and 55 (vacant), 56 for Montenegro, 57 (vacant) and 58 for Tunisia. Subsequent
numbers shall be assigned to other countries in the chronological order in which they ratify or
accede to the Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for
Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be Fitted and/or be Used on Wheeled
Vehicles and the Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition of Approvals Granted on the Basis of
these Prescriptions, and the numbers thus assigned shall be communicated by the SecretaryGeneral of the United Nations to the Contracting Parties to the Agreement.
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4.8.
Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
5.
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
5.1.
The lighting and light-signalling devices shall be so fitted that under normal
conditions of use as defined in paragraphs 2.24., 2.24.1. and 2.24.2. and
notwithstanding any vibrations to which they may be subjected, they retain the
characteristics prescribed by this Regulation and enable the vehicle to comply
with the requirements of this Regulation. In particular, it shall not be possible
for the lamps to be inadvertently maladjusted.
5.2.
The illuminating lamps described in paragraphs 2.7.9., 2.7.10. and 2.7.19. shall
be so installed that correct adjustment of their orientation can easily be carried
out.
5.3.
For all light-signalling devices, including those mounted on the side panels, the
reference axis of the lamp when fitted to the vehicle must be parallel to the
bearing plane of the vehicle on the road; in addition it must be perpendicular to
the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle in the case of side retro-reflectors
and of side-marker lamps and parallel to that plane in the case of all other
signalling devices. In each direction a tolerance of ± 3° shall be allowed. In
addition, any specific instructions as regards fitting laid down by the
manufacturer must be complied with.
5.4.
In the absence of specific instructions, the height and orientation of the lamps
shall be verified with the vehicle unladen and placed on a flat, horizontal surface,
in the condition defined in paragraphs 2.24., 2.24.1. and 2.24.2. and, in the case
where an AFS is installed, with the system in its neutral state.
5.5.
In the absence of specific instructions lamps constituting a pair shall:
5.5.1.
be fitted to the vehicle symmetrically in relation to the median longitudinal plane
(this estimate to be based on the exterior geometrical form of the lamp and not
on the edge of its illuminating surface referred to in paragraph 2.9.);
5.5.2.
be symmetrical to one another in relation to the median longitudinal plane, this
requirement is not valid with regard to the interior structure of the lamp;
5.5.3.
satisfy the same colorimetric requirements; and
5.5.4.
have substantially identical photometric characteristics.
5.6.
On vehicles whose external shape is asymmetrical the above requirements shall
be satisfied so far as is possible.
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5.7.
Grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps
5.7.1.
Lamps may be grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated with one another
provided that all requirements regarding colour, position, orientation, geometric
visibility, electrical connections and other requirements, if any, are fulfilled.
5.7.1.1.
However, where stop lamps and direction indicator lamps are grouped, any
horizontal or vertical straight line passing through the projections of the apparent
surfaces of these functions on a plane perpendicular to the reference axis, shall
not intersect more than two borderlines separating adjacent areas of different
colour.
5.7.2.
Where the apparent surface of a single lamp is composed of two or more distinct
parts, it shall satisfy the following requirements:
5.7.2.1.
Either the total area of the projection of the distinct parts on a plane tangent to the
exterior surface of the transparent material and perpendicular to the reference axis
shall occupy not less than 60 per cent of the smallest quadrilateral circumscribing
the said projection, or the distance between two adjacent/tangential distinct parts
shall not exceed 15 mm when measured perpendicularly to the reference axis.
5.8.
The maximum height above the ground shall be measured from the highest point
and the minimum height from the lowest point of the apparent surface in the
direction of the reference axis.
In the case of dipped-beam headlamp, the minimum height in relation to the
ground is measured from the lowest point of the effective outlet of the optical
system (e.g. reflector, lens, projection lens) independent of its utilization.
Where the (maximum and minimum) height above the ground clearly meets the
requirements of the Regulation, the exact edges of any surface need not be
determined.
5.8.1.
The position, as regards width, will be determined from that edge of the apparent
surface in the direction of the reference axis which is the furthest from the median
longitudinal plane of the vehicle when referred to the overall width, and from the
inner edges of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis when
referred to the distance between lamps.
Where the position, as regards width, clearly meets the requirements of the
Regulation, the exact edges of any surface need not be determined.
5.9.
In the absence of specific instructions, the photometric characteristics (e.g.
intensity, colour, apparent surface, etc.) of a lamp shall not be intentionally varied
during the period of activation of the lamp.
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5.9.1.
Direction-indicator lamps, the vehicle-hazard warning signal, amber side-marker
lamps complying with paragraph 6.18.7. below, and the emergency stop signal
shall be flashing lamps.
5.9.2.
The photometric characteristics of any lamp may vary:
(a)
in relation to the ambient light;
(b)
as a consequence of the activation of other lamps, or
(c)
when the lamps is being used to provide another lighting function,
provided that any variation in the photometric characteristics is in compliance
with the technical provisions for the lamp concerned.
5.10.
No red light which could give rise to confusion shall be emitted from a lamp as
defined in paragraph 2.7. in a forward direction and no white light which could
give rise to confusion, other than from the reversing lamp, shall be emitted from a
lamp as defined in paragraph 2.7. in a rearward direction. No account shall be
taken of lighting devices fitted for the interior lighting of the vehicle. In case of
doubt, this requirement shall be verified as follows:
5.10.1.
For the visibility of red light towards the front of a vehicle, with the exception of
a red rearmost side-marker lamp, there must be no direct visibility of the
apparent surface of a red lamp if viewed by an observer moving within Zone 1 as
specified in Annex 4.
5.10.2.
For the visibility of white light towards the rear, there must be no direct visibility
of the apparent surface of a white lamp if viewed by an observer moving within
Zone 2 in a transverse plane situated 25 m behind the vehicle (see Annex 4);
5.10.3.
In their respective planes, the zones 1 and 2 explored by the eye of the observer
are bounded:
5.10.3.1.
in height, by two horizontal planes 1 m and 2.2 m respectively above the ground;
5.10.3.2.
in width, by two vertical planes which, forming to the front and to the rear
respectively an angle of 15° outwards from the vehicle's median longitudinal
plane, pass through the point or points of contact of vertical planes parallel to the
vehicle's median longitudinal plane delimiting the vehicle's overall width; if
there are several points of contact, the foremost shall correspond to the forward
plane and the rearmost to the rearward plane.
5.11.
The electrical connections must be such that the front and rear position lamps,
the end-outline marker lamps, if they exist, the side-marker lamps, if they exist,
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and the rear registration plate lamp can only be switched on and off
simultaneously. This condition does not apply when using front and rear
position lamps, as well as side-marker lamps when combined or reciprocally
incorporated with said lamps, as parking lamps and when side-marker lamps are
permitted to flash.
5.12.
The electrical connections must be such that the main-beam and dipped-beam
headlamps and the front fog lamps cannot be switched on unless the lamps
referred to in paragraph 5.11. are also switched on. This requirement shall not
apply, however, to main-beam or dipped-beam headlamps when their luminous
warnings consist of the intermittent lighting up at short intervals of the mainbeam headlamp or the intermittent lighting up at short intervals of the dippedbeam headlamp or the alternate lighting up at short intervals of the main-beam
and dipped beam headlamps.
5.13.
Tell-tale
Where a closed-circuit tell-tale is prescribed by this Regulation it may be
replaced by an "operating" tell-tale.
5.14.
Concealable lamps
5.14.1.
The concealment of lamps shall be prohibited, with the exception of the
main-beam headlamps, the dipped-beam headlamps and the front fog lamps,
which may be concealed when they are not in use.
5.14.2.
In the event of any failure affecting the operation of the concealement device(s)
the lamps shall remain in the position of use, if already in use, or shall be capable
of being moved into the position of use without the aid of tools.
5.14.3.
It must be possible to move the lamps into the position of use and to switch them
on by means of a single control, without excluding the possibility of moving them
into the position of use without switching them on. However, in the case of
grouped main-beam and dipped-beam headlamps, the control referred to above is
required only to activate the dipped-beam headlamps.
5.14.4.
It must not be possible deliberately, from the driver's seat, to stop the movement
of switched-on lamps before they reach the position of use. If there is a danger of
dazzling other road users by the movement of the lamps, they may light up only
when they have reached their position of use.
5.14.5.
When the concealment device has a temperature of -30 °C to +50 °C the
headlamps must be capable of reaching the position of use within three seconds of
initial operation of the control.
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5.15.
Rev.1/Add.47/Rev.5
The colours of the light emitted by the lamps are the following:
main-beam headlamp:
dipped-beam headlamp:
front fog lamp:
reversing lamp:
direction-indicator lamp:
hazard warning signal:
stop lamp:
emergency stop signal :
rear registration plate lamp:
front position lamp:
rear position lamp:
rear fog lamp:
parking lamp:
side-marker lamp:
end-outline marker lamp:
daytime running lamp:
rear retro-reflector,
non- triangular:
rear retro-reflector,
triangular:
front retro-reflector,
non- triangular:
side retro-reflector,
non- triangular:
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white
white
white or selective yellow
white
amber
amber
red
amber or red
white
white
red
red
white in front, red at the rear, amber if
reciprocally incorporated in the side
direction-indicator lamps or in the
side-marker lamps.
amber; however the rearmost side- marker
lamp can be red if it is grouped or
combined or reciprocally incorporated
with the rear position lamp, the rear
end-outline marker lamp, the rear fog
lamp, the stop lamp or is grouped or has
part of the light emitting surface in
common with the rear retro-reflector.
white in front, red at the rear
white
red
red
identical to incident light 5/
amber; however the rearmost side
retro-reflector can be red if it is grouped or
has part of the light emitting surface in
common with the rear position lamp, the
rear end-outline marker lamp, the rear fog
lamp, the stop-lamp or the red rearmost
side-marker lamp.
Also known as white or colourless retro-reflector.
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cornering lamp:
conspicuity marking:
white
white or yellow to the side;
red or yellow to the rear. 6/
adaptive front-lighting
systems (AFS):
white.
5.16.
Number of lamps
5.16.1.
The number of lamps mounted on the vehicle shall be equal to the number
indicated in the individual specifications of this Regulation.
5.17.
Any lamp may be installed on movable components provided that the conditions
specified in paragraphs 5.18., 5.19. and 5.20. are fulfilled.
5.18.
Rear position lamps, rear direction-indicators and rear retro-reflectors, triangular
as well as non triangular, may be installed on movable components only:
5.18.1.
if at all fixed positions of the movable components the lamps on the movable
components meet all the position, geometric visibility and photometric
requirements for those lamps. Should the above functions be obtained by an
assembly of two lamps marked "D" (see paragraph 2.16.1.) only one of these
lamps needs to meet the above-mentioned requirements;
or
5.18.2.
where additional lamps for the above functions are fitted and are activated, when
the movable component is in any fixed open position, provided that these
additional lamps satisfy all the position, geometric visibility and photometric
requirements applicable to the lamps installed on the movable component.
5.19.
When the movable components are in a position other than a "normal position of
use", the devices installed on them shall not cause undue discomfort to road users.
5.20.
When a lamp is installed on a movable component and the movable component is
in the "normal position(s) of use", the lamp must always return to the position(s)
specified by the manufacturer in accordance with this Regulation. In the case of
dipped-beam headlamps and front fog lamps, this requirement shall be considered
satisfied if, when the movable components are moved and returned to the normal
position 10 times, no value of the angular inclination of these lamps, relative to its
support, measured after each operation of the movable component, differs by
Nothing in this Regulation shall preclude the Contracting Parties applying this Regulation
6/
from allowing the use of white conspicuity markings to the rear in their territories.
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more than 0.15 per cent from the average of the 10 measured values. If this value
is exceeded each limit specified in paragraph 6.2.6.1.1. shall then be modified by
this excess to decrease the allowed range of inclinations when checking the
vehicle according to Annex 6.
5.21.
The apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis of front and rear
position lamps, front and rear direction-indicator lamps and retro-reflectors shall
not be hidden more than 50 per cent by any movable component, with or without
a light-signalling device installed on it, in any fixed position different from the
"normal position of use".
If the above requirement is not practicable:
5.21.1.
additional lamps satisfying all the position, geometric visibility and photometric
requirements for the above indicated lamps shall be activated when the apparent
surface in the direction of the reference axis of these lamps is more than 50 per
cent hidden by the movable component;
or
5.21.2.
a remark in the communication form (item 10.1. of Annex 1) shall inform other
Administrations that more than 50 per cent of the apparent surface in the direction
of the reference axis can be hidden by the movable components;
and
a notice in the vehicle shall inform the user that in certain position(s) of the
movable components other road users shall be warned of the presence of the
vehicle on the road; for example by means of a warning triangle or other devices
according to national requirements for use on the road.
5.21.3.
Paragraph 5.21.2. does not apply to retro-reflectors.
5.22.
With the exception of retro-reflectors, a lamp even bearing an approval mark is
deemed not to be present when it cannot be made to operate by the sole
installation of a light source.
5.23.
Lamps shall be fitted in a vehicle in such a way that the light source can be
correctly replaced according to the instructions of the vehicle manufacturer
without the use of special tools, other than those provided with the vehicle by the
manufacturer. This requirement is not applicable to:
(a)
devices approved with a non-replaceable light source;
(b)
devices approved with light sources according to Regulation No. 99.
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5.24.
Any temporary fail-safe replacement of the light-signalling function of a rear
position lamp is allowed, provided that the substituting function in case of a
failure is similar in colour, main intensity and position to the function that has
ceased to operate and provided that the substituting device remains operational in
its original safety function. During substitution, a tell-tale on the dashboard (see
paragraph 2.18. of this Regulation) shall indicate occurrence of a temporary
replacement and need for repair.
5.25.
Where an AFS is fitted, it shall be considered equivalent to a pair of dipped-beam
headlamps and, if it provides main-beam function(s), it shall be considered
equivalent to a pair of main-beam headlamps.
5.26.
Rear direction indicator lamps, rear position lamps, stop lamps (except stop lamps
of category S4) and rear fog lamps with variable luminous intensity control are
allowed, which respond simultaneously to at least one of the following external
influences: ambient lighting, fog, snowfall, rain, spray, dust clouds, contamination
of the light emitting surface, provided that their prescribed intensity relationship
is maintained throughout variation transitions. No sharp variation of intensity
shall be observed during transition. Stop lamps of category S4 may produce
variable luminous intensity independent from the other lamps. It may be possible
for the driver to set the functions above to luminous intensities corresponding to
their steady category and to return them to their automatic variable category.
6.
INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
6.1.
MAIN-BEAM HEADLAMP (Regulations Nos. 98 and 112)
6.1.1.
Presence
Mandatory on motor vehicles. Prohibited on trailers.
6.1.2.
Number
Two or four.
For vehicles of the category N3:
Two extra main-beam headlamps may be installed.
Where a vehicle is fitted with four concealable headlamps the installation of two
additional headlamps shall only be authorized for the purpose of light-signalling,
consisting of intermittent illumination, at short intervals (see paragraph 5.12.) in
daylight.
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6.1.3.
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Arrangement
No individual specifications.
6.1.4.
Position
6.1.4.1.
In width: no individual specifications.
6.1.4.2.
In height: no individual specifications.
6.1.4.3.
In length: at the front of the vehicle and fitted in such a way that the light emitted
does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly or indirectly through the
rear-view mirrors and/or other reflecting surfaces of the vehicle.
6.1.5.
Geometric visibility
The visibility of the illuminating surface, including its visibility in areas which do
not appear to be illuminated in the direction of observation considered, must be
ensured within a divergent space defined by generating lines based on the
perimeter of the illuminating surface and forming an angle of not less than 5° with
the axis of reference of the headlamp. The origin of the angles of geometric
visibility is the perimeter of the projection of the illuminating surface on a
transverse plane tangent to the foremost part of the lens of the headlamp.
6.1.6.
Orientation
Towards the front.
Not more than one main-beam headlamp on each side of the vehicle may swivel
to produce bend lighting.
6.1.7.
Electrical connections
6.1.7.1.
The main-beam headlamps may be switched on either simultaneously or in pairs.
In case the extra two main-beam headlamps are installed, as permitted under
paragraph 6.1.2. for vehicles of the category N3 only, no more than two pairs may
be simultaneously lit. For changing over from the dipped to the main beam at
least one pair of main-beam headlamps shall be switched on. For changing over
from the main-beam to the dipped-beam all main-beam headlamps shall be
switched off simultaneously.
6.1.7.2.
The dipped-beams may remain switched on at the same time as the main beams.
6.1.7.3.
Where four concealable headlamps are fitted their raised position must prevent
the simultaneous operation of any additional headlamps fitted, if these are
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intended to provide light signals consisting of intermittent illumination at short
intervals (see paragraph 5.12.) in daylight.
6.1.8.
Tell-tale
Circuit-closed tell-tale mandatory.
6.1.9.
Other requirements
6.1.9.1.
The aggregate maximum intensity of the main-beam headlamps which can be
switched on simultaneously shall not exceed 225,000 cd, which corresponds to a
reference value of 75.
6.1.9.2.
This maximum intensity shall be obtained by adding together the individual
reference marks which are indicated on the several hveadlamps. The reference
mark "10" shall be given to each of the headlamps marked "R" or "CR".
6.2.
DIPPED-BEAM HEADLAMP (Regulations Nos. 98 and 112)
6.2.1.
Presence
Mandatory on motor vehicles. Prohibited on trailers.
6.2.2.
Number
Two.
6.2.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.2.4.
Position
6.2.4.1.
In width: that edge of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
which is farthest from the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall be not more
than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
The inner edges of the apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axes
shall be not less than 600 mm apart. This does not apply, however, for M1 and N1
category vehicles; for all other categories of motor vehicles this distance may be
reduced to 400 mm where the overall width of the vehicle is less than 1,300 mm.
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6.2.4.2.
In height: not less than 500 mm and not more than 1,200 mm above the ground.
For category N3G (off-road) vehicles 7/ the maximum height may be increased to
1,500 mm.
6.2.4.3.
In length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement shall be deemed to be
satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly,
or indirectly through the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflecting surfaces of the
vehicle.
6.2.5.
Geometric visibility
Defined by angles α and ß as specified in paragraph 2.13.:
α = 15° upwards and 10° downwards,
ß = 45° outwards and 10° inwards.
Since the photometric values required for dipped-beam headlamps do not cover
the full geometric field of vision, a minimum value of 1 cd in the space remaining
is required for type-approval purposes. The presence of partitions or other items
of equipment near the headlamp shall not give rise to secondary effects causing
discomfort to other road users.
6.2.6.
Orientation
Towards the front.
6.2.6.1.
Vertical orientation
6.2.6.1.1.
The initial downward inclination of the cut-off of the dipped-beam to be set in the
unladen vehicle state with one person in the driver's seat shall be specified within
an accuracy of 0.1 per cent by the manufacturer and indicated in a clearly legible
and indelible manner on each vehicle close to either headlamp or the
manufacturer's plate by the symbol shown in Annex 7.
The value of this indicated downward inclination shall be defined in accordance
with paragraph 6.2.6.1.2.
6.2.6.1.2.
Depending on the mounting height in metres (h) of the lower edge of the apparent
surface in the direction of the reference axis of the dipped-beam headlamp,
measured on the unladen vehicles, the vertical inclination of the cut-off of the
As defined in Annex 7 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles
7/
(R.E.3), (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2 as last amended by Amend.4).
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dipped- beam shall, under all the static conditions of Annex 5, remain between the
following limits and the initial aiming shall have the following values:
h < 0.8
limits:
initial aiming:
between -0.5 per cent and -2.5 per cent
between -1.0 per cent and -1.5 per cent
0.8 ≤ h ≤ 1.0
limits:
initial aiming:
between -0.5 per cent and -2.5 per cent
between -1.0 per cent and -1.5 per cent
or, at the discretion of the manufacturer,
limits:
initial aiming:
between -1.0 per cent and -3.0 per cent
between -1.5 per cent and -2.0 per cent
The application for the vehicle type-approval shall, in this case, contain
information as to which of the two alternatives is to be used.
h > 1.0
limits:
initial aiming:
between -1.0 per cent and -3.0 per cent
between -1.5 per cent and -2.0 per cent
The above limits and the initial aiming values are summarized in the diagram
below.
For category N3G (off-road) vehicles where the headlamps exceed a height of
1,200 mm, the limits for the vertical inclination of the cut-off shall be between:
-1.5 per cent and -3.5 per cent.
The initial aim shall be set between: -2 per cent and -2.5 per cent.
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6.2.6.2.
Headlamp levelling device
6.2.6.2.1.
In the case where a headlamp levelling device is necessary to satisfy the
requirements of paragraphs 6.2.6.1.1. and 6.2.6.1.2., the device shall be
automatic.
6.2.6.2.2.
However, devices which are adjusted manually, either continuously or
non-continuously, shall be permitted, provided they have a stop position at which
the lamps can be returned to the initial inclination defined in paragraph 6.2.6.1.1.
by means of the usual adjusting screws or similar means.
These manually adjustable devices must be operable from the driver's seat.
Continually adjustable devices must have reference marks indicating the loading
conditions that require adjustment of the dipped-beam.
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The number of positions on devices which are not continuously adjustable must
be such as to ensure compliance with the range of values prescribed in
paragraph 6.2.6.1.2. in all the loading conditions defined in Annex 5.
For these devices also, the loading conditions of Annex 5 that require adjustment
of the dipped-beam shall be clearly marked near the control of the device (see
Annex 8).
6.2.6.2.3.
In the event of a failure of devices described in paragraphs 6.2.6.2.1. and
6.2.6.2.2., the dipped-beam shall not assume a position in which the dip is less
than it was at the time when the failure of the device occurred.
6.2.6.3.
Measuring procedure
6.2.6.3.1.
After adjustment of the initial inclination, the vertical inclination of the dippedbeam, expressed in percent, shall be measured in static conditions under all the
loading conditions defined in Annex 5.
6.2.6.3.2.
The measurement of the variation of dipped-beam inclination as a function of
load must be carried out in accordance with the test procedure set out in
Annex 6.
6.2.6.4.
Horizontal orientation
The horizontal orientation of one or both dipped-beam headlamps may be varied
to produce bend lighting, provided that if the whole beam or the kink of the
elbow of the cut-off is moved, the kink of the elbow of the cut-off shall not
intersect the line of the trajectory of the centre of gravity of the vehicle at
distances from the front of the vehicle which are larger than 100 times the
mounting height of the respective dipped-beam headlamps.
6.2.7.
Electrical connections
The control for changing over to the dipped-beam must switch off all main-beam
headlamps simultaneously.
The dipped beam may remain switched on at the same time as the main beams.
In the case of dipped-beam headlamps according to Regulation No. 98, the gasdischarge light sources shall remain switched on during the main-beam
operation.
One additional light source, located inside the dipped-beam headlamps or in a
lamp (except the main-beam headlamp) grouped or reciprocally incorporated
with the respective dipped-beam headlamps, may be activated to produce bend
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lighting, provided that the horizontal radius of curvature of the trajectory of the
centre of gravity of the vehicle is 500 m or less. This may be demonstrated by
the manufacturer by calculation or by other means accepted by the authority
responsible for type approval.
Dipped-beam headlamps may be switched ON or OFF automatically. However,
it shall be always possible to switch these dipped-beam headlamps ON and OFF
manually.
6.2.8.
Tell-tale
Tell-tale optional.
However, in the case where the whole beam or the kink of the elbow of the cutoff is moved to produce bend lighting, an operating tell-tale whether flashing or
not is mandatory; it shall be activated in the event of a malfunction of the
displacement of the kink of the elbow of the cut-off. It shall remain activated
while the failure is present. It may be cancelled temporarily, but shall be
repeated whenever the device which starts and stops the engine is switched on
and off.
6.2.9.
Other requirements
The requirements of paragraph 5.5.2. shall not apply to dipped-beam
headlamps.
Dipped-beam headlamps with a light source having an objective luminous flux
which exceeds 2,000 lumen shall only be installed in conjunction with the
installation of headlamp cleaning device(s) according to Regulation No. 45. 8/
In addition, with respect to vertical inclination, the provisions of
paragraph 6.2.6.2.2. above shall not be applied.
Only dipped-beam headlamps according to Regulations Nos. 98 or 112 may be
used to produce bend lighting.
If bend lighting is produced by a horizontal movement of the whole beam or the
kink of the elbow of the cut-off, it shall be activated only if the vehicle is in
forward motion; this shall not apply if bend lighting is produced for a right turn
in right hand traffic (left turn in left hand traffic).
Contracting Parties to the respective Regulations can still prohibit the use of mechanical
8/
cleaning systems when headlamps with plastic lenses, marked "PL", are installed.
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6.3.
FRONT FOG LAMP (Regulation No. 19)
6.3.1.
Presence
Optional on motor vehicles. Prohibited on trailers.
6.3.2.
Number
Two.
6.3.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.3.4.
Position
6.3.4.1.
In width: that point on the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
which is farthest from the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more
than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
6.3.4.2.
In height:
minimum:
maximum:
Not less than 250 mm above the ground.
For M1 and N1 category vehicles not more than 800 mm above the
ground. For all other categories of vehicles no maximum height.
However, no point on the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
must be higher than the highest point on the apparent surface in the direction of
the reference axis of the dipped-beam headlamp.
6.3.4.3.
In length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement shall be deemed to be
satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly,
or indirectly through the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflecting surfaces of the
vehicle.
6.3.5.
Geometric visibility
Defined by angles α and ß as specified in paragraph 2.13.:
α = 5° upwards and downwards,
ß = 45° outwards and 10° inwards.
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Orientation
Towards the front.
They must be directed forward without causing undue dazzle or discomfort to
oncoming drivers and other road users.
6.3.6.1.
Horizontal orientation
The horizontal alignment of the front fog lamps must not vary according to the
angle of lock of the steering.
When a beam from a front fog lamp is activated as part of another lighting
function provided by an AFS, the axis of this beam may be automatically moved
side-wards.
6.3.6.2.
Vertical orientation
When a beam from a front fog lamp is activated as part of a dipped beam
provided by an AFS, it has to comply with the requirements of
paragraph 6.22.6.1. of this Regulation.
6.3.7.
Electrical connections
It must be possible to switch the front fog lamps ON and OFF independently of
the main-beam headlamps, the dipped-beam headlamps or any combination of
main- and dipped-beam headlamps, unless the front fog lamps are used as part of
another lighting function in an AFS; however, the switching ON of the front fog
lamps function shall have the priority over the function for which the front fog
lamps are used as a part.
6.3.8.
Tell-tale
Circuit-closed tell-tale mandatory. An independent non-flashing warning light.
6.3.9.
Other requirements
None.
6.4.
REVERSING LAMP (Regulation No. 23)
6.4.1.
Presence
Mandatory on motor vehicles and on trailers of categories O2, O3 and O4.
Optional on trailers of category O1.
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6.4.2.
Number
6.4.2.1.
One device mandatory and a second device optional on motor vehicles of
category M1 and on all other vehicles with a length not exceeding 6,000 mm.
6.4.2.2.
Two devices mandatory and two devices optional on all vehicles with a length
exceeding 6,000 mm, except vehicles of category M1.
6.4.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.4.4.
Position
6.4.4.1.
In width:
no special requirement.
6.4.4.2.
In height:
not less than 250 mm and not more than 1,200 mm above the
ground.
6.4.4.3.
In length:
at the rear of the vehicle.
However, if installed, the two optional devices mentioned in paragraph 6.4.2.2.
shall be fitted on the side or rear of the vehicle, in conformity with the
requirements of paragraphs 6.4.5. and 6.4.6.
6.4.5.
Geometric visibility
Defined by angles α and β, as specified in paragraph 2.13.:
α=
15° upwards and 5° downwards,
β=
45° to right and to left if there is only one device,
45° outwards and 30° inwards if there are two.
The reference axis of the two optional devices mentioned in paragraph 6.4.2.2., if
fitted on the side of the vehicle shall be orientated sideward horizontally with an
inclination of 10°± 5° in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.
6.4.6.
Orientation
Rearwards
In the case of the two optional devices mentioned in paragraph 6.4.2.2., if fitted
on the side of the vehicle, the above-mentioned requirements of paragraph 6.4.5.
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shall not be applied. However, the reference axis of these devices shall be
orientated outwards not more than 15º horizontally towards the rear in relation to
the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.
6.4.7.
Electrical connections
6.4.7.1.
They shall be such that the lamp can light up only if the reverse gear is engaged
and if the device which controls the starting and stopping of the engine is in such
a position that operation of the engine is possible. It shall not light up or remain
lit if either of the above conditions is not satisfied.
6.4.7.2.
Moreover, the electrical connections of the two optional devices mentioned in
paragraph 6.4.2.2. shall be such that these devices cannot illuminate unless the
lamps referred to in paragraph 5.11. are switched on.
The devices fitted on the side of the vehicle may be switched on for slow
manoeuvres in forward motion of the vehicle up to a maximum speed of 10 km/h,
provided that the following conditions are fulfilled:
6.4.8.
(a)
the devices shall be activated and deactivated manually by a separate
switch;
(b)
if so activated, they may remain illuminated after reverse gear is
disengaged;
(c)
they shall be automatically switched off if the forward speed of the vehicle
exceeds 10 km/h, regardless of the position of the separate switch; in this
case they shall remain switched off until deliberately being switched on
again.
Tell-tale
Tell-tale optional.
6.4.9.
Other requirements
None.
6.5.
6.5.1.
DIRECTION-INDICATOR LAMP (Regulation No. 6)
Presence (see figure below)
Mandatory. Types of direction-indicator lamps fall into categories (1, 1a, 1b, 2a,
2b, 5 and 6) the assembly of which on one vehicle constitutes an arrangement
("A" and "B").
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Arrangement "A" shall apply to all motor vehicles.
Arrangement "B" shall apply to trailers only.
6.5.2.
Number
According to the arrangement.
6.5.3.
Arrangements (see figure below)
A: Two front direction-indicator lamps of the following categories:
1 or 1a or 1b,
if the distance between the edge of the apparent surface in the direction of the
reference axis of this lamp and that of the apparent surface in the direction of the
reference axis of the dipped-beam headlamp and/or the front fog lamp, if there is
one, is at least 40 mm;
1a or 1b,
if the distance between the edge of the apparent surface in the direction of the
reference axis of this lamp and that of the apparent surface in the direction of the
reference axis of the dipped-beam headlamp and/or the front fog lamp, if there is
one, is greater than 20 mm and less than 40 mm;
1b,
if the distance between the edge of the apparent surface in the direction of the
reference axis of this lamp and that of the apparent surface in the direction of the
reference axis of the dipped-beam headlamp and/or the front fog lamp, if there is
one, is less than or equal to 20 mm;
two rear direction-indicator lamps (category 2a or 2b);
two optional lamps (category 2a or 2b) on all vehicles in categories M2, M3, N2,
N3.
two side direction-indicator lamps of the categories 5 or 6 (minimum
requirements):
5
for all M1 vehicles;
for N1, M2 and M3 vehicles not exceeding 6 metres in length.
6
for all N2 and N3 vehicles;
for N1, M2 and M3 vehicles exceeding 6 metres in length.
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It is permitted to replace category 5 side direction-indicator lamps by category 6
side direction-indicator lamps in all instances.
Where lamps combining the functions of front direction-indicator lamps
(categories 1, 1a, 1b) and side direction-indicator lamps (categories 5 or 6) are
fitted, two additional side direction- indicator lamps (categories 5 or 6) may be
fitted to meet the visibility requirements of paragraph 6.5.5.
B: Two rear direction-indicator lamps (categories 2a or 2b).
two optional lamps (category 2a or 2b) on all vehicles in categories O2, O3 and
O4 .
Where an AFS is fitted, the distance to be considered for the choice of the
category is the distance between the front direction indicator lamp and the closest
lighting unit in its closest position contributing to or performing a passing beam
mode.
6.5.4.
Position
6.5.4.1.
In width: the edge of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
farthest from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be more than
400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle. This condition shall not
apply to the optional rear lamps.
The distance between the inner edges of the two apparent surfaces in the
direction of the reference axes shall not be less than 600 mm.
This distance may be reduced to 400 mm where the overall width of the vehicle
is less than 1,300 mm.
6.5.4.2.
In height: above the ground.
6.5.4.2.1.
The height of the light-emitting surface of the side direction-indicator lamps of
categories 5 or 6 must not be:
less than:
350 mm for M1 and N1 category of vehicles, and 500 mm
for all other categories of vehicles, both measured from the
lowest point; and
more than:
1,500 mm, measured from the highest point.
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6.5.4.2.2.
The height of the direction-indicator lamps of categories 1, 1a, 1b, 2a and 2b,
measured in accordance with paragraph 5.8., shall not be less than 350 mm or
more than 1,500 mm.
6.5.4.2.3.
If the structure of the vehicle does not permit these upper limits, measured as
specified above, to be respected, and if the optional lamps are not installed, they
may be increased to 2,300 mm for side direction-indicator lamps of categories 5
and 6, and to 2,100 mm for the direction-indicator lamps of categories 1, 1a, 1b,
2a and 2b.
6.5.4.2.4.
If optional lamps are installed, they shall be placed at a height compatible with
the applicable requirements of paragraph 6.5.4.1., the symmetry of the lamps,
and at a vertical distance as large as the shape of the bodywork makes it possible,
but not less than 600 mm above the mandatory lamps.
6.5.4.3.
In length (see figure below)
The distance between the light-emitting surface of the side direction-indicator
lamp (categories 5 and 6) and the transverse plane which marks the forward
boundary of the vehicle's overall length, shall not exceed 1,800 mm. However,
for M1 and N1 category vehicles, and for all other categories of vehicles if the
structure of the vehicle makes it impossible to comply with the minimum angles
of visibility, this distance may be increased to 2,500 mm.
6.5.5.
Geometric visibility
6.5.5.1.
Horizontal angles: (see figure below)
Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal for direction-indicator lamps
of categories 1, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b and 5. The vertical angle below the horizontal
may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the ground; 30°
above and 5° below the horizontal for direction-indicator lamps of category 6.
The vertical angle above the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the optional
lamps are not less than 2,100 mm above the ground.
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FIGURE (see paragraph 6.5.)
______________________
(*)
The value of 5° given for dead angle of visibility to the rear of the side direction-indicator
is an upper limit. d < 1.80 m (for M1 and N1 category vehicles d < 2.50 m).
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6.5.5.2.
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or, at the discretion of the manufacturer, for M1 and N1 category vehicles **/:
Front and rear direction-indicator lamps, as well as side-marker lamps:
Horizontal angles see figure below:
Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below
the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the
ground.
To be considered visible, the lamp must provide an unobstructed view of the
apparent surface of at least 12.5 square centimetres, except for side directionindicators of categories 5 and 6. The illuminating surface area of any retroreflector that does not transmit light shall be excluded.
6.5.6.
Orientation
According to the specifications for installation by the manufacturer, if any.
6.5.7.
Electrical connections
Direction-indicator lamps shall switch on independently of the other lamps. All
direction-indicator lamps on one side of a vehicle shall be switched on and off by
means of one control and shall flash in phase.
The value of 5° given for the dead angle of visibility to the rear of the side direction**/
indicator is an upper limit. d < 2.50 m
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On M1 and N1 vehicles less than 6 m in length, with an arrangement complying
with paragraph 6.5.5.2. above, the amber side-marker lamps, when mounted,
shall also flash at the same frequency (in phase) with the direction indicator
lamps.
6.5.8.
Tell-tale
Operating tell-tale mandatory for front and rear direction-indicator lamps. It
may be visual or auditory or both. If it is visual it shall be a flashing light which,
at least in the event of the malfunction of any of the front or rear directionindicator lamps, is either extinguished, or remains alight without flashing, or
shows a marked change of frequency. If it is entirely auditory it shall be clearly
audible and shall show a marked change of frequency, at least in the event of the
malfunction of any of the front or rear direction-indicator lamps.
If a motor vehicle is equipped to draw a trailer, it must be fitted with a special
visual operational tell-tale for the direction-indicator lamps on the trailer unless
the tell-tale of the drawing vehicle allows the failure of any one of the directionindicator lamps on the vehicle combination thus formed to be detected.
For the optional pair of direction-indicator lamps on trailers, operating tell-tale
shall not be mandatory.
6.5.9.
Other requirements
The light shall be a flashing light flashing 90 ± 30 times per minute.
Operation of the light-signal control shall be followed within not more than one
second by the emission of light and within not more than one and one-half
seconds by its first extinction. If a motor vehicle is equipped to draw a trailer,
the control of the direction-indicator lamps on the drawing vehicle shall also
operate the indicator lamps of the trailer. In the event of failure, other than
short-circuit, of one direction indicator lamp, the others must continue to flash,
but the frequency in this condition may be different from that prescribed.
6.6.
6.6.1.
HAZARD WARNING SIGNAL
Presence
Mandatory.
The signal shall be given by simultaneous operation of the direction-indicator
lamps in accordance with the requirements of paragraph 6.5. above.
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6.6.2.
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Number
As specified in paragraph 6.5.2.
6.6.3.
Arrangement
As specified in paragraph 6.5.3.
6.6.4.
Position
6.6.4.1.
Width
As specified in paragraph 6.5.4.1.
6.6.4.2.
Height
As specified in paragraph 6.5.4.2.
6.6.4.3.
Length
As specified in paragraph 6.5.4.3.
6.6.5.
Geometric visibility
As specified in paragraph 6.5.5.
6.6.6.
Orientation
As specified in paragraph 6.5.6.
6.6.7.
Electrical connections
6.6.7.1.
The signal shall be operated by means of a separate manual control enabling all
the direction-indicator lamps to flash in phase.
6.6.7.2.
The hazard warning signal may be activated automatically in the event of a
vehicle being involved in a collision or after the de-activation of the emergency
stop signal, as specified in paragraph 6.22. In such cases, it may be turned "off"
manually.
6.6.7.3.
On M1 and N1 vehicles less than 6 m in length, with an arrangement complying
with paragraph 6.5.5.2. above, the amber side-marker lamps, when mounted,
shall also flash at the same frequency (in phase) with the direction indicator
lamps.
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6.6.8.
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Tell-tale
Circuit-closed tell-tale mandatory. Flashing warning light, which can operate in
conjunction with the tell-tale(s) specified in paragraph 6.5.8.
6.6.9.
Other requirements
As specified in paragraph 6.5.9. If a power-driven vehicle is equipped to draw a
trailer the hazard warning signal control shall also be capable of bringing the
direction-indicator lamps on the trailer into action. The hazard warning signal
shall be able to function even if the device which starts or stops the engine is in a
position which makes it impossible to start the engine.
6.7.
STOP LAMP (Regulation No. 7)
6.7.1.
Presence
6.7.2.
Devices of S1 or S2 categories :
mandatory on all categories of vehicles.
Devices of S3 or S4 category :
mandatory on M1 and N1 categories of
vehicles, except for chassis-cabs and those N1
category vehicles with open cargo space;
optional on other categories of vehicles.
Number
Two S1 or S2 category devices and one S3 or S4 category device on all
categories of vehicles.
6.7.2.1.
Except in the case where a category S3 or S4 device is installed, two optional
category S1 or S2 devices may be installed on vehicles in categories M2, M3,
N2, N3, O2, O3, and O4.
6.7.2.2.
Only, when the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle is not located on a fixed
body panel but separates one or two movable parts of the vehicle (e.g. doors),
and lacks sufficient space to install a single device of the S3 or S4 category on
the median longitudinal plane above such movable parts, either:
two devices of the S3 or S4 category type "D" may be installed, or
one device of the S3 or S4 category may be installed offset to the left or to the
right of the median longitudinal plane.
6.7.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
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6.7.4.
Position
6.7.4.1.
In width:
For M1 and N1 category vehicles: For S1 or S2 categories devices that point on
the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis which is farthest from
the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more than 400 mm from the
extreme outer edge of the vehicle;
For the distance in between the inner edges of the apparent surfaces in the
direction of the reference axes there is no special requirement.
For all other categories of vehicles: For S1 or S2 categories devices the distance
in between the inner edges of the apparent surfaces in the direction of the
reference axes shall be not less than 600 mm. This distance may be reduced to
400 mm if the overall width of the vehicle is less than 1,300 mm.
For S3 or S4 category devices: the centre of reference shall be situated on the
median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, in the case where the two
devices of the S3 or S4 category are installed, according to paragraph 6.7.2., they
shall be positioned as close as possible to the median longitudinal plane, one on
each side of this plane.
In the case where one S3 or S4 category lamp offset from the median longitudinal
plane is permitted according to paragraph 6.7.2., this offset shall not
exceed 150 mm from the median longitudinal plane to the centre of reference of
the lamp.
6.7.4.2.
In height:
6.7.4.2.1.
For S1 or S2 categories devices: above the ground, not less than 350 mm nor
more than 1,500 mm (2,100 mm if the shape of the bodywork makes it impossible
to keep within 1,500 mm and if the optional lamps are not installed).
If the optional lamps are installed, they shall be positioned at a height compatible
with the requirements of the width and the symmetry of the lamps, and at a
vertical distance as large as the shape of the bodywork makes it possible, but not
less than 600 mm above the mandatory lamps.
6.7.4.2.2.
For S3 or S4 categories devices, the horizontal plane tangential to the lower edge
of the apparent surface shall:
either not be more than 150 mm below the horizontal plane tangential to the lower
edge of the exposed surface of the glass or glazing of the rear window, or not be
less than 850 mm above the ground.
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However, the horizontal plane tangential to the lower edge of the apparent surface
of a S3 or S4 categories devices shall be above the horizontal plane tangential to
the upper edge of the apparent surface of S1 or S2 categories devices.
6.7.4.3.
In length:
For S1 or S2 categories devices:
For S3 or S4 categories devices:
6.7.5.
at the rear of the vehicle.
no special requirement.
Geometric visibility
Horizontal angle:
For S1 or S2 categories devices: 45° to the left and to the
right of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle;
For S3 or S4 categories devices: 10° to the left and to the
right of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle;
Vertical angle :
For S1 or S2 categories devices: 15° above and below the
horizontal. However, the vertical angle below the horizontal
may be reduced to 5°, if the height of the lamp is less than
750 mm. The vertical angle above the horizontal may be
reduced to 5° in the case of optional lamps not less than
2,100 mm above the ground;
For S3 or S4 categories devices: 10° above and 5° below the
horizontal.
6.7.6.
Orientation
Towards the rear of the vehicle.
6.7.7.
Electrical connections
6.7.7.1.
All stop lamps must light up simultaneously when the braking system provides
the relevant signal defined in Regulations Nos. 13 and 13-H.
6.7.7.2.
The stop lamps need not function if the device, which starts and/or stops the
engine, is in a position that makes it impossible for the engine to operate.
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Tell-tale
Tell-tale optional; where fitted, this tell-tale must be an operating tell-tale
consisting of a non-flashing warning light which comes on in the event of the
malfunctioning of the stop lamps.
6.7.9.
Other requirements
6.7.9.1.
The S3 or S4 category device may not be reciprocally incorporated with any other
lamp.
6.7.9.2.
The S3 or S4 category device may be installed outside or inside the vehicle.
6.7.9.2.1.
In the case where it is installed inside the vehicle:
the light emitted shall not cause discomfort to the driver through the rear-view
mirrors and/or other surfaces of the vehicle (i.e. rear window).
6.8.
REAR REGISTRATION PLATE LAMP (Regulation No. 4)
6.8.1.
Presence
Mandatory.
6.8.2.
Number
Such that the device illuminates the site of the registration plate.
6.8.3.
Arrangement
Such that the device illuminates the site of the registration plate.
6.8.4.
Position
6.8.4.1.
In width: such that the device illuminates the site of the registration plate.
6.8.4.2.
In height: such that the device illuminates the site of the registration plate.
6.8.4.3.
In length: such that the device illuminates the site of the registration plate.
6.8.5.
Geometric visibility
Such that the device illuminates the site of the registration plate.
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Orientation
Such that the device illuminates the site of the registration plate.
6.8.7.
Electrical connections
In accordance with paragraph 5.11.
6.8.8.
Tell-tale
Tell-tale optional. If it exists, its function must be carried out by the tell-tale
required for the front and rear position lamps.
6.8.9.
Other requirements
When the rear registration plate lamp is combined with the rear position lamp,
reciprocally incorporated in the stop lamp or in the rear fog lamp, the photometric
characteristics of the rear registration plate lamp may be modified during the
illumination of the stop lamp or the rear fog lamp.
6.9.
FRONT POSITION LAMP (Regulation No. 7)
6.9.1.
Presence
Mandatory on all motor vehicles.
Mandatory on trailers over 1,600 mm wide.
Optional on trailers which are not more than 1,600 mm wide.
6.9.2.
Number
Two.
6.9.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.9.4.
Position
6.9.4.1.
In width: that point on the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
which is farthest from the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more
than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
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In the case of a trailer, that point on the apparent surface in the direction of the
reference axis which is farthest from the median longitudinal plane shall not be
more than 150 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
The distance between the inner edges of the two apparent surfaces in the direction
of the reference axes shall:
For M1 and N1 category vehicles: have no special requirement;
For all other categories of vehicles: be not less than 600 mm. This distance may
be reduced to 400 mm where the overall width of the vehicle is less than
1,300 mm.
6.9.4.2.
In height: above the ground, not less than 350 mm nor more than 1,500 mm
(2,100 mm for O1 and O2 categories of vehicles, or if for any other categories of
vehicles the shape of the bodywork makes it impossible to keep within
1,500 mm).
6.9.4.3.
In length: no individual specification.
6.9.4.4.
Where the front position lamp and another lamp are reciprocally incorporated, the
apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis of the other lamp must be
used to verify compliance with the positioning requirements (paragraphs 6.9.4.1.
to 6.9.4.3.).
6.9.5.
Geometric visibility
6.9.5.1.
Horizontal angle for the two position lamps:
45° inwards and 80° outwards.
In the case of trailers, the angle inwards may be reduced to 5°.
Vertical angle:
15° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below the horizontal may
be reduced to 5° in the case of lamps less than 750 mm above the ground.
6.9.5.2.
For M1 and N1 category vehicles, as an alternative to paragraph 6.9.5.1., at the
discretion of the manufacturer or his duly accredited representative, and only if a
front side-marker lamp is installed on the vehicle.
Horizontal angle: 45° outwards to 45° inwards.
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Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below the
horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the
ground.
To be considered visible, the lamp must provide an unobstructed view of the
apparent surface of at least 12.5 square centimetres. The illuminating surface area
of any retro-reflector that does not transmit light shall be excluded.
6.9.6.
Orientation
Forwards.
6.9.7.
Electrical connections
In accordance with paragraph 5.11.
6.9.8.
Tell-tale
Circuit-closed tell-tale mandatory. This tell-tale shall be non-flashing and shall
not be required if the instrument panel lighting can only be turned on
simultaneously with the front position lamps.
6.9.9.
Other requirements
In case an AFS providing a bending mode is installed, the front position lamp
may be swivelled together with a lighting unit to which it is reciprocally
incorporated.
6.10.
REAR POSITION LAMP (Regulation No. 7)
6.10.1.
Presence
Devices of R or R1 or R2 categories:
6.10.2.
Mandatory
Number
Two.
6.10.2.1.
Except the case where end-outline marker lamps are installed, two optional
position lamps may be installed on all vehicles in categories M2, M3, N2, N3, O2,
O3, and O4.
6.10.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
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6.10.4.
Position
6.10.4.1.
In width: that point on the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
which is farthest from the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more
than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle. This condition shall not
apply to the optional rear lamps.
The distance between the inner edges of the two apparent surfaces in the direction
of the reference axes shall:
For M1 and N1 category vehicles: have no special requirement;
For all other categories of vehicles: be not less than 600 mm. This distance may
be reduced to 400 mm where the overall width of the vehicle is less than
1,300 mm.
6.10.4.2.
In height: above the ground, not less than 350 mm nor more than 1,500 mm
(2,100 mm if the shape of the bodywork makes it impossible to keep within
1,500 mm and if the optional lamps are not installed). If the optional lamps are
installed, they shall be placed at a height compatible with the applicable
requirements of paragraph 6.10.4.1., the symmetry of the lamps, and at a vertical
distance as large as the shape of the bodywork makes it possible, but not less than
600 mm above the mandatory lamps.
6.10.4.3.
In length: at the rear of the vehicle.
6.10.5.
Geometric visibility
6.10.5.1.
Horizontal angle: 45° inwards and 80° outwards.
Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below the
horizontal may be reduced to 5° in the case of lamps less than 750 mm above the
ground. The vertical angle above the horizontal may be reduced to 5° in the case
of optional lamps not less than 2,100 mm above the ground.
6.10.5.2.
For M1 and N1 category vehicles, as an alternative to paragraph 6.10.5.1., at the
discretion of the manufacturer or his duly accredited representative, and only if a
rear side-marker lamp is installed on the vehicle.
Horizontal angle: 45° outwards to 45° inwards.
Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below the
horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the
ground.
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To be considered visible, the lamp must provide an unobstructed view of the
apparent surface of at least 12.5 square centimetres. The illuminating surface area
of any retro-reflector that does not transmit light shall be excluded.
6.10.6.
Orientation
Rearwards.
6.10.7.
Electrical connections
In accordance with paragraph 5.11.
6.10.8.
Tell-tale
Circuit-closed tell-tale mandatory. It must be combined with that of the front
position lamps.
6.10.9.
Other requirements
None.
6.11.
REAR FOG LAMP (Regulation No. 38)
6.11.1.
Presence
Devices of F or F1 or F2 categories: Mandatory.
6.11.2.
Number
One or two.
6.11.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.11.4.
Position
6.11.4.1.
In width: if there is only one rear fog-lamp, it must be on the opposite side of the
median longitudinal plane of the vehicle to the direction of traffic prescribed in
the country of registration, the centre of reference may also be situated on the
median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.
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6.11.4.2.
In height: not less than 250 mm nor more than 1,000 mm above the ground. For
category N3G (off-road) vehicles, the maximum height may be increased to
1,200 mm.
6.11.4.3.
In length: at the rear of the vehicle.
6.11.5.
Geometric visibility
Defined by angles α and ß as specified in paragraph 2.13.:
α = 5° upwards and 5° downwards;
ß = 25° to right and to left.
6.11.6.
Orientation
Rearwards.
6.11.7.
Electrical connections
These must be such that:
6.11.7.1.
The rear fog-lamp(s) cannot be switched on unless the main beams, dipped
beams or front fog-lamps are lit;
6.11.7.2.
The rear fog-lamp(s) can be switched off independently of any other lamp;
6.11.7.3.
Either of the following applies:
6.11.7.3.1.
the rear fog lamp(s) may continue to operate until the position lamps are
switched off, and the rear fog lamp(s) shall then remain off until deliberately
switched on again;
6.11.7.3.2.
a warning, at least audible, additional to the mandatory tell-tale
(paragraph 6.11.8.) shall be given if the ignition is switched off or the ignition
key is withdrawn and the driver's door is opened, whether the lamps in
(paragraph 6.11.7.1.) are on or off, whilst the rear fog lamp switch is in the "on"
position.
6.11.7.4.
Except as provided in paragraphs 6.11.7.1. and 6.11.7.3., the operation of the
rear fog-lamp(s) shall not be affected by switching on or off any other lamps.
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Tell-tale
Circuit-closed tell-tale mandatory. An independent non-flashing warning light.
6.11.9.
Other requirements
In all cases, the distance between the rear fog-lamp and each stop-lamp must be
greater than 100 mm.
6.12.
PARKING LAMP (Regulation No. 77 or 7)
6.12.1.
Presence
On motor vehicles not exceeding 6 m in length and not exceeding 2 m in width,
optional.
On all other vehicles, prohibited.
6.12.2.
Number
According to the arrangement.
6.12.3.
Arrangement
Either two lamps at the front and two lamps at the rear, or one lamp on each side.
6.12.4.
Position
6.12.4.1.
In width: that point on the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
which is farthest from the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more
than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
Furthermore, if there are two lamps, they shall be on the sides of the vehicle.
6.12.4.2.
In height:
For M1 and N1 category vehicles: no special requirement;
For all other categories of vehicles: above the ground, not less than 350 mm nor
more than 1,500 mm (2,100 mm if the shape of the bodywork makes it
impossible to keep within 1,500 mm).
6.12.4.3.
In length: no special requirement.
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Geometric visibility
Horizontal angle: 45° outwards, forwards and rearwards.
Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below
the horizontal may be reduced to 5°, however, if the height of the lamp is less
than 750 mm.
6.12.6.
Orientation
Such that the lamps meet the requirements for visibility forwards and rearwards.
6.12.7.
Electrical connections
The connection must allow the parking lamp(s) on the same side of the vehicle to
be lit independently of any other lamps.
The parking lamp(s) and, if applicable, the front and rear position lamps
according to paragraph 6.12.9. below, must be able to operate even if the device
which starts the engine is in a position which makes it impossible for the engine
to operate. A device which automatically deactivates these lamps as a function
of time is prohibited.
6.12.8.
Tell-tale
Circuit-closed tell-tale optional. If there is one, it must not be possible to confuse
it with the tell-tale for the front and rear position lamps.
6.12.9.
Other requirements
The functioning of this lamp may also be performed by simultaneously switching
on the front and rear position lamps on the same side of the vehicle. In this case,
lamps that meet the requirements of front or rear (side) position lamps are
deemed to meet the requirements of parking lamps.
6.13.
END-OUTLINE MARKER LAMP (Regulation No. 7)
6.13.1.
Presence
Devices of R or R1 or R2 categories: Mandatory on vehicles exceeding 2.10 m in
width. Optional on vehicles between 1.80 and 2.10 m in width. On chassis-cabs
the rear end-outline marker lamps are optional.
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Number
Two visible from the front and two visible from the rear.
6.13.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.13.4
Position
6.13.4.1
In width:
Front and rear: as close as possible to the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
This condition is deemed to have been met when the point on the apparent
surface in the direction of the reference axis which is farthest from the vehicle's
median longitudinal plane is not more than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge
of the vehicle.
6.13.4.2.
In height:
Front: Motor vehicles - the horizontal plane tangential to the upper edge of the
apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis of the device must not be
lower than the horizontal plane tangential to the upper edge of the transparent
zone of the wind-screen.
Trailers and semi-trailers - at the maximum height compatible with the
requirements relating to the width, design and operational requirements of the
vehicle and to the symmetry of the lamps.
Rear: At the maximum height compatible with the requirements relating to the
width, design and operational requirements of the vehicle and to the symmetry of
the lamps.
6.13.4.3.
In length, no special requirement.
6.13.5.
Geometric visibility
Horizontal angle: 80° outwards.
Vertical angle: 5° above and 20° below the horizontal.
6.13.6.
Orientation
Such that the lamps meet the requirements for visibility forwards and rearwards.
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Electrical connections
In accordance with paragraph 5.11.
6.13.8.
Tell-tale
Tell-tale optional. If it exists, its function shall be carried out by the tell-tale
required for the front and rear position lamps.
6.13.9.
Other requirements
Provided that all other requirements are met, the lamp visible from the front and
the lamp visible from the rear on the same side of the vehicle may be combined
in one device.
The position of an end-outline marker lamp in relation to corresponding position
lamp shall be such that the distance between the projections on a transverse
vertical plane of the points nearest to one another on the apparent surfaces in the
direction of the respective reference axes of the two lamps considered is not less
than 200 mm.
6.14.
REAR RETRO-REFLECTOR, NON-TRIANGULAR (Regulation No. 3)
6.14.1.
Presence
Mandatory on motor vehicles.
Provided that they are grouped together with the other rear light-signalling
devices, optional on trailers.
6.14.2.
Number
Two, the performances of which shall conform to the requirements concerning
Class IA or IB retro-reflectors in Regulation No. 3. Additional retro-reflecting
devices and materials (including two retro-reflectors not complying with
paragraph 6.14.4. below), are permitted provided they do not impair the
effectiveness of the mandatory lighting and light-signalling devices.
6.14.3
Arrangement
No special requirement.
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6.14.4.
Position
6.14.4.1.
In width: that point on the illuminating surface which is farthest from the
vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more than 400 mm from the
extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
The distance between the inner edges of the two apparent surfaces in the direction
of the reference axes shall:
For M1 and N1 category vehicles: have no special requirement;
For all other categories of vehicles: be not less than 600 mm.
This distance may be reduced to 400 mm where the overall width of the vehicle is
less than 1,300 mm.
6.14.4.2.
In height: above the ground, not less than 250 mm nor more than 900 mm
(1,500 mm if the shape of the bodywork makes it impossible to keep within
900 mm).
6.14.4.3.
In length: at the rear of the vehicle.
6.14.5.
Geometric visibility
Horizontal angle: 30° inwards and outwards.
Vertical angle: 10° above and below horizontal. The vertical angle below the
horizontal may be reduced to 5° in the case of a retro-reflector less than 750 mm
above the ground.
6.14.6.
Orientation
Rearwards.
6.14.7.
Other requirements
The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector may have parts in common with the
apparent surface of any other lamp situated at the rear.
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6.15.
REAR RETRO-REFLECTOR, TRIANGULAR (Regulation No. 3)
6.15.1
Presence
Mandatory on trailers.
Prohibited on motor vehicles.
6.15.2.
Number
Two, the performances of which shall conform to the requirements concerning
Class IIIA or Class IIIB retro-reflectors in Regulation No. 3. Additional
retro-reflecting devices and materials (including two retro-reflectors not
complying with paragraph 6.15.4. below), are permitted provided they do not
impair the effectiveness of the mandatory lighting and light-signalling devices.
6.15.3.
Arrangement
The apex of the triangle shall be directed upwards.
6.15.4.
Position
6.15.4.1.
In width: that point on the illuminating surface which is farthest from the
vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more than 400 mm from the
extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
The inner edges of the retro-reflectors shall not be less than 600 mm apart. This
distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the overall width of the vehicle is less than
1,300 mm.
6.15.4.2.
In height: above the ground, not less than 250 mm nor more than 900 mm
(1,500 mm if the shape of the bodywork makes it impossible to keep within
900 mm).
6.15.4.3.
In length: at the rear of the vehicle.
6.15.5.
Geometric visibility
Horizontal angle: 30° inwards and outwards.
Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below the
horizontal may be reduced to 5° in the case of a retro-reflector less than 750 mm
above the ground.
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Orientation
Rearwards.
6.15.7.
Other requirements
The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector may have parts in common with the
apparent surface of any other lamp situated at the rear.
6.16.
FRONT RETRO-REFLECTOR, NON-TRIANGULAR (Regulation No. 3)
6.16.1.
Presence
Mandatory on trailers.
Mandatory on motor vehicles having all forward facing lamps with reflectors
concealable.
Optional on other motor vehicles.
6.16.2.
Number
Two, the performances of which shall conform to the requirements concerning
Class IA or IB retro-reflectors in Regulation No. 3. Additional retro-reflecting
devices and materials (including two retro-reflectors not complying with
paragraph 6.16.4. below), are permitted provided they do not impair the
effectiveness of the mandatory lighting and light-signalling devices.
6.16.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.16.4.
Position
6.16.4.1.
In width: that point on the illuminating surface which is farthest from the
vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more than 400 mm from the
extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
In the case of a trailer, the point of the illuminating surface which is farthest from
the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be farther than 150 mm from the
extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
The distance between the inner edges of the two apparent surfaces in the direction
of the reference axes shall:
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For M1 and N1 category vehicles: have no special requirement;
For all other categories of vehicles: be not less than 600 mm. This distance may
be reduced to 400 mm where the overall width of the vehicle is less than
1,300 mm.
6.16.4.2.
In height: above the ground, not less than 250 mm nor more than 900 mm
(1,500 mm if the shape of the bodywork makes it impossible to keep within
900 mm).
6.16.4.3.
In length: at the front of the vehicle.
6.16.5.
Geometric visibility
Horizontal angle, 30° inwards and outwards. In the case of trailers, the angle
inwards may be reduced to 10°. If because of the construction of the trailers this
angle cannot be met by the mandatory retro-reflectors, then additional
(supplementary) retro-reflectors shall be fitted, without the width limitation
(paragraph 6.16.4.1.), which shall, in conjunction with the mandatory
retro-reflectors, give the necessary visibility angle.
Vertical angle: 10° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below the
horizontal may be reduced to 5° in the case of a retro-reflector less than 750 mm
above the ground.
6.16.6.
Orientation
Towards the front.
6.16.7.
Other requirements
The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector may have parts in common with the
apparent surface of any other lamp situated at the front.
6.17.
SIDE RETRO-REFLECTOR, NON-TRIANGULAR (Regulation No. 3)
6.17.1.
Presence
Mandatory:
On all motor vehicles the length of which exceeds 6 m.
On all trailers.
Optional:
On motor vehicles the length of which does not exceed 6 m.
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Number
Such that the requirements for longitudinal positioning are complied with. The
performances of these devices shall conform to the requirements concerning Class IA
or IB retro-reflectors in Regulation No. 3. Additional retro-reflecting devices and
materials (including two retro-reflectors not complying with paragraph 6.17.4.
below), are permitted provided they do not impair the effectiveness of the mandatory
lighting and light-signalling devices.
6.17.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.17.4.
Position
6.17.4.1. In width: no special requirement.
6.17.4.2. In height: above the ground, not less than 250 mm nor more than 900 mm (1,500 mm
if the shape of the bodywork makes it impossible to keep within 900 mm).
6.17.4.3. In length: At least one side retro-reflector must be fitted to the middle third of the
vehicle, the foremost side retro-reflector being not further than 3 m from the front; in
the case of trailers, account shall be taken of the length of the drawbar for the
measurement of this distance.
The distance between two adjacent side retro-reflectors shall not exceed 3 m. This
does not, however, apply to M1 and N1 category vehicles.
If the structure of the vehicle makes it impossible to comply with such a requirement,
this distance may be increased to 4 m. The distance between the rearmost side
retro-reflector and the rear of the vehicle shall not exceed 1 m. However, for motor
vehicles the length of which does not exceed 6 m, it is sufficient to have one side
retro-reflector fitted within the first third and/or one within the last third of the
vehicle length.
6.17.5.
Geometric visibility
Horizontal angle: 45° to the front and to the rear.
Vertical angle: 10° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below the
horizontal may be reduced to 5° in the case of a retro-reflector less than 750 mm
above the ground.
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6.17.6.
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Orientation
Towards the side.
6.17.7.
Other requirements
The illuminating surface of the side retro-reflector may have parts in common
with the apparent surface of any other side lamp.
6.18.
SIDE-MARKER LAMPS (Regulation No. 91)
6.18.1.
Presence
Mandatory: On all vehicles the length of which exceeds 6 m, except for
chassis-cabs; the length of trailers shall be calculated including the drawbar. The
SM1 type of side-marker lamp shall be used on all categories of vehicles;
however the SM2 type of side-marker lamps may be used on the M1 category of
vehicles.
In addition, on M1 and N1 category vehicles less than 6 m in length, side-marker
lamps shall be used, if they supplement the reduced geometric visibility
requirements of front position lamps conforming to paragraph 6.9.5.2. and rear
position lamps conforming to paragraph 6.10.5.2.
Optional:
On all other vehicles.
The SM1 or SM2 types of side-marker lamps may be used.
6.18.2.
Minimum number per side
Such that the rules for longitudinal positioning are complied with.
6.18.3.
Arrangement
No individual specifications.
6.18.4.
Position
6.18.4.1.
In width: no individual specifications.
6.18.4.2.
In height: above the ground, not less than 250 mm nor more than 1,500 mm
(2,100 mm if the shape of the bodywork makes it impossible to keep within
1,500 mm).
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6.18.4.3.
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In length: at least one side-marker lamp must be fitted to the middle third of the
vehicle, the foremost side-marker lamp being not further than 3 m from the front;
in the case of trailers account shall be taken of the length of the drawbar for the
measurement of this distance. The distance between two adjacent side-marker
lamps shall not exceed 3 m. If the structure of the vehicle makes it impossible to
comply with such a requirement, this distance may be increased to 4 m.
The distance between the rearmost side-marker lamp and the rear of the vehicle
shall not exceed 1 m.
However, for vehicles the length of which does not exceed 6 m and for chassiscabs, it is sufficient to have one side-marker lamp fitted within the first third
and/or within the last third of the vehicle length.
6.18.5.
Geometric visibility
Horizontal angle: 45° to the front and to the rear; however, for vehicles on which
the installation of the side-marker lamps is optional this value can be reduced
to 30°.
If the vehicle is equipped with side-marker lamps used to supplement the reduced
geometric visibility of front and rear direction indicator lamps conforming to
paragraph 6.5.5.2. and/or position lamps conforming to paragraphs 6.9.5.2. and
6.10.5.2., the angles are 45° towards the front and rear ends of the vehicle and 30º
towards the centre of the vehicle (see the figure in paragraph 6.5.5.2. above).
Vertical angle: 10° above and below the horizontal. The vertical angle below the
horizontal may be reduced to 5° in the case of a side-marker lamp less than
750 mm above the ground.
6.18.6.
Orientation
Towards the side.
6.18.7.
Electrical connections
On M1 and N1 category vehicles less than 6 m in length amber side-marker
lamps may be wired to flash, provided that this flashing is in phase and at the
same frequency with the direction indicator lamps at the same side of the
vehicle.
For all other categories of vehicles: no individual specification.
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6.18.8.
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Tell-tale
Tell-tale optional. If it exists its function shall be carried out by the tell-tale
required for the front and rear position lamps.
6.18.9.
Other requirements
When the rearmost side-marker lamp is combined with the rear position lamp
reciprocally incorporated with the rear fog-lamp or stop lamp, the photometric
characteristics of the side-marker lamp may be modified during the illumination
of the rear fog lamp or stop lamp.
Rear side-marker lamps must be amber if they flash with the rear directionindicator lamp.
6.19.
DAYTIME RUNNING LAMP (Regulation No. 87) 9/
6.19.1.
Presence
Optional on motor vehicles. Prohibited on trailers.
6.19.2.
Number
Two.
6.19.3.
Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.19.4.
Position
6.19.4.1.
In width: that point on the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
which is farthest from the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more
than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
The distance between the inner edges of the apparent surfaces in the direction of
the reference axes shall not be less than 600 mm.
This distance may be reduced to 400 mm where the overall width of the vehicle is
less than 1,300 mm.
9/
The installation of this device may be forbidden on the basis of national regulations.
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6.19.4.2.
In height: above the ground not less than 250 mm nor more than 1,500 mm.
6.19.4.3.
In length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement shall be deemed to be
satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly,
or indirectly through the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflecting surfaces of the
vehicle.
6.19.5.
Geometric visibility
Horizontal: outwards 20° and inwards 20°.
Vertical: upwards 10° and downwards 10°.
6.19.6.
Orientation
Towards the front.
6.19.7.
Electrical connections
If installed, the daytime running lamps shall be switched ON automatically when
the device which starts and/or stops the engine is in a position which makes it
possible for the engine to operate. It shall be possible to activate and deactivate
the automatic switching ON of daytime running lamps without the use of tools.
The daytime running lamp shall switch OFF automatically when the headlamps
are switched ON, except when the latter are used to give intermittent luminous
warnings at short intervals.
6.19.8.
Tell-tale
Closed-circuit tell-tale optional.
6.19.9.
Other prescriptions
None.
6.20.
CORNERING LAMP (Regulation No. 119)
6.20.1.
Presence
Optional on motor vehicles.
6.20.2.
Number
Two.
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6.20.3.
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Arrangement
No special requirement.
6.20.4.
Position
6.20.4.1.
In width: that point on the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
which is farthest from the vehicle's median longitudinal plane shall not be more
than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
6.20.4.2.
In length: not further than 1,000 mm from the front.
6.20.4.3.
In height:
minimum:
maximum:
Not less than 250 mm above the ground;
Not more than 900 mm above the ground.
However, no point on the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis
shall be higher than the highest point on the apparent surface in the direction of
the reference axis of the dipped-beam headlamp.
6.20.5.
Geometric visibility
Defined by angles α and β as specified in paragraph 2.13.:
α = 10° upwards and downwards,
β = 30° to 60° outwards.
6.20.6.
Orientation
Such that the lamps meet the requirements for geometric visibility.
6.20.7.
Electrical connections
The cornering lamps must be so connected that they cannot be activated unless
the main-beam headlamps or the dipped-beam headlamps are switched ON at the
same time.
The cornering lamp on one side of the vehicle may only be switched ON
automatically when the direction indicators on the same side of the vehicle are
switched ON and/or when the steering angle is changed from the straight-ahead
position towards the same side of the vehicle.
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The cornering lamp shall be switched OFF automatically when the direction
indicator is switched OFF and/or the steering angle has returned in the straightahead position.
6.20.8.
Tell-tale
None.
6.20.9.
Other requirements
The cornering lamps shall not be activated at vehicle speeds above 40 km/h.
6.21.
CONSPICUITY MARKINGS (Regulation No. 104)
6.21.1.
Presence
6.21.1.1.
Prohibited:
6.21.1.2.
Mandatory:
6.21.1.2.1.
to the rear:
on vehicles of categories M1 and O1.
full contour marking on vehicles exceeding 2,100 mm in width of the following
categories:
6.21.1.2.2.
(a)
N2 with a maximum mass exceeding 7.5 tonnes and N3 (with the exception
of chassis-cabs, incomplete vehicles and tractors for semi-trailers)
(b)
O3 and O4
to the side:
6.21.1.2.2.1. partial contour marking on vehicles exceeding 6,000 mm in length (including the
drawbar for trailers) of the following categories:
6.21.1.2.3.
(a)
N2 with a maximum mass exceeding 7.5 tonnes and N3 (with the exception
of chassis-cabs, incomplete vehicles and tractors for semi-trailers)
(b)
O3 and O4
However, where the shape, structure, design or operational requirements make it
impossible to install the mandatory contour marking, a line marking may be
installed.
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6.21.1.3.
Optional:
6.21.1.3.1.
on all other categories of vehicles, not otherwise specified in paragraphs 6.21.1.1.
and 6.21.1.2. above, including the cab of tractor units for semi-trailers and the cab
of chassis-cabs.
6.21.1.3.2.
partial or full contour marking may be applied instead of mandatory line
markings, and full contour marking may be applied instead of mandatory partial
contour marking.
6.21.2.
Number
According to the presence.
6.21.3.
Arrangement
The conspicuity markings shall be as close as practicable to horizontal and
vertical, compatible with the shape, structure, design and operational requirements
of the vehicle.
6.21.4.
Position
6.21.4.1.
Width
6.21.4.1.1.
The conspicuity marking shall be as close as practicable to the edge of the vehicle.
6.21.4.1.2.
The cumulative horizontal length of the conspicuity marking elements, as
mounted on the vehicle, shall equate to at least 80 per cent of the overall width of
the vehicle, excluding any horizontal overlap of individual elements.
6.21.4.1.3.
However, if the manufacture can prove to the satisfaction of the authority
responsible for type approval that it is impossible to achieve the value referred to
in paragraph 6.21.4.1.2. above, the cumulative length may be reduced to 60 per
cent and shall be indicated in the communication document and test report 10/.
6.21.4.2.
Length
6.21.4.2.1.
The conspicuity marking shall be as close as practicable to the ends of the vehicle
and reach to within 600 mm of each end of the vehicle (or cab in the case of
tractor units for semi-trailers).
This provision does apply until 5 years after the official date of entry into force of
10/
the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation.
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6.21.4.2.1.1. for motor vehicles, each end of the vehicle, or in the case of tractors for semitrailers the each end of the cab;
6.21.4.2.1.2. for trailers, each end of the vehicle (excluding the drawbar).
6.21.4.2.2.
The cumulative horizontal length of the conspicuity marking elements, as
mounted on the vehicle, excluding any horizontal overlap of individual elements,
shall equate to at least 80 per cent of:
6.21.4.2.2.1. for motor vehicles, the length of the vehicle excluding the cab, or in the case of
tractors for semi-trailers, if fitted, the length of the cab;
6.21.4.2.2.2. for trailers, the length of the vehicle (excluding the drawbar).
6.21.4.2.3.
However, if the manufacture can prove to the satisfaction of the authority
responsible for type approval that it is impossible to achieve the value referred to
in paragraph 6.21.4.2.2. above, the cumulative length may be reduced to 60 per
cent and shall be indicated in the communication document and test report 10/.
6.21.4.3.
Height
6.21.4.3.1.
Line markings and contour markings lower element(s):
As low as practicable within the range:
Minimum:
not less than 250 mm above the ground.
Maximum:
not more than 1,500 mm above the ground.
However, a maximum mounting height of 2,100 mm may be accepted where
technical conditions prevent compliance with the maximum value of 1,500 mm or,
if necessary, to fulfil the requirements of paragraphs 6.21.4.1.2., 6.21.4.1.3.,
6.21.4.2.2. and 6.21.4.2.3., or the horizontal positioning of the line marking or the
lower element(s) of the contour marking.
6.21.4.3.2.
Contour markings upper element(s):
As high as practicable, but within 400 mm of the upper extremity of the vehicle.
6.21.5.
Visibility
The conspicuity marking shall be considered visible, if at least 80 per cent of the
illuminating surface of the marking is visible when viewed by an observer
positioned at any point within the observation planes defined below:
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6.21.5.1.
for rear conspicuity markings (see Annex 11, Figure 1) the observation plane is
perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle situated 25 m from the
extreme end of the vehicle and bounded by:
6.21.5.1.1.
in height, by two horizontal planes 1 m and 3.0 m respectively above the ground,
6.21.5.1.2.
in width, by two vertical planes which form an angle of 15° outwards from the
vehicle's median longitudinal plane and which pass through the intersection of the
vertical planes parallel to the vehicle's median longitudinal plane delimiting the
vehicle's overall width, and the plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the
vehicle that delimits the end of the vehicle.
6.21.5.2.
for side conspicuity markings (see Annex 11, figure 2) the observation plane is
parallel to the longitudinal median plane of the vehicles situated 25 m from the
extreme outer edge of the vehicle and bounded by:
6.21.5.2.1.
in height, by two horizontal planes 1 m and 3.0 m respectively above the ground,
6.21.5.2.2.
in width, by two vertical planes which form an angle of 15° outwards from a plane
perpendicular to the vehicle's longitudinal axis and which pass through the
intersection of the vertical planes perpendicular to the vehicle's longitudinal axis
delimiting the vehicle's overall length and the extreme outer edge of the vehicle.
6.21.6.
Orientation
6.21.6.1.
To the side:
As close as practicable to being parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the
vehicle, compatible with the shape, structure, design and operation requirements
of the vehicle.
6.21.6.2.
To the rear:
As close as practicable to being parallel to the transverse plane of the vehicle,
compatible with the shape, structure, design and operation requirements of the
vehicle.
6.21.7.
Other requirements
6.21.7.1.
Conspicuity markings shall be considered continuous if the distance between
adjacent elements are as small as possible and do not exceed 50 per cent of the
shortest adjacent element length.
6.21.7.2.
In the case of a partial contour marking, each upper corner shall be described by
two lines at 90° to each other and each at least 250 mm in length.
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6.21.7.3.
The distance between the conspicuity marking fitted to the rear of a vehicle and
each mandatory stop lamp should be greater than 200 mm.
6.21.7.4.
Where rear marking plates conforming to the 01 series of amendments to
Regulation No. 70 are installed these may be considered, at the discretion of the
manufacturer, as part of the conspicuity marking to the rear, for the purposes of
calculating the length of the conspicuity marking and its proximity to the side of
the vehicle.
6.21.7.5.
The locations on the vehicle designated for conspicuity markings shall allow for
the installation of markings of at least 60 mm in width.
6.22.
ADAPTIVE FRONT LIGHTING SYSTEM (AFS) (Regulation No. 123)
Where not otherwise specified below, the requirements for main-beam headlamps
(paragraph 6.1.) and for dipped-beam headlamps (paragraph 6.2.) of this
Regulation apply to the relevant part of the AFS.
6.22.1.
Presence
Optional on motor vehicles. Prohibited on trailers.
6.22.2.
Number
One.
6.22.3.
Arrangement
No special requirements.
6.22.4.
Position
The AFS shall, prior to the subsequent test procedures, be set to the neutral state;
6.22.4.1.
In width and height:
for a given lighting function or mode the requirements indicated in the
paragraphs 6.22.4.1.1. through 6.22.4.1.4. below shall be fulfilled by those
lighting units which are energized simultaneously for that lighting function or
mode of a function, according to the applicant's description.
All dimensions refer to the nearest edge of the apparent surface(s) observed in the
direction of the reference axis, of the lighting unit(s).
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6.22.4.1.1.
Two symmetrically placed lighting units shall be positioned at a height in
compliance with the requirements of the relevant paragraphs 6.1.4. and 6.2.4.,
where "Two symmetrically placed lighting units" shall be understood to be two
lighting units, one on each side of the vehicle, positioned such that the (geometric)
centres of gravity of their apparent surfaces are at the same height and at the same
distance from the vehicle's longitudinal median plane within a tolerance of
50 mm, each; their light emitting surfaces, illuminating surfaces, and light
outputs, however, may differ.
6.22.4.1.2.
Additional lighting units, if any, on either side of the vehicle shall be positioned at
a distance not exceeding 140 mm 11/ in horizontal direction (E in the figure) and
400 mm in vertical direction above or below (D in the figure) from the nearest
lighting unit;
6.22.4.1.3.
None of the additional lighting units described in paragraph 6.22.4.1.2. above
shall be positioned lower than 250 mm (F in the figure) nor higher than indicated
in paragraph 6.2.4.2. of this Regulation (G in the figure) above the ground;
6.22.4.1.4.
Additionally, in width:
for each mode of the passing beam lighting:
the outer edge of the apparent surface of at least one lighting unit on each side of
the vehicle shall not be more than 400 mm from the extreme outer edge of the
vehicle (A in the figure); and,
the inner edges of the apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axes shall
be not less than 600 mm apart. This does not apply, however, for M1 and N1
category vehicles; for all other categories of motor vehicles this distance may be
reduced to 400 mm where the overall width of the vehicle is less than 1300 mm.
In case of additional "two symmetrically placed lighting units" the horizontal distance
11/
may be 200 mm (C in the figure).
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A
11
1
10
2
B
9
C
8
D
3
E
G
F
4
5
7
6
Lighting units being simultaneously energized for a given lighting mode:
No. 3 and 9: (two symmetrically placed lighting units)
No. 1 and 11: (two symmetrically placed lighting units)
No. 4 and 8: (two additional lighting units)
Lighting units not being energized for said lighting mode:
No. 2 and 10: (two symmetrically placed lighting units)
No. 5:
(additional lighting unit)
No. 6 and 7: (two symmetrically placed lighting units)
horizontal dimensions in mm:
A ≤ 400
B ≥ 600, or, ≥ 400 if vehicle overall width < 1300 mm,
however
no requirement for category M1 and N1 vehicles
C ≤ 200
E ≤ 140
vertical dimensions in mm:
Apparent surfaces of lighting units 1 through 11 of an AFS (example)
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In length:
All lighting units of an AFS shall be mounted at the front. This requirement is
deemed to be satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver
either directly, or indirectly through the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflecting
surfaces of the vehicle.
6.22.5.
Geometric visibility
On each side of the vehicle, for each lighting function and mode provided:
the angles of geometric visibility prescribed for the respective lighting functions
according to paragraphs 6.1.5. and 6.2.5. of this Regulation, shall be met by at
least one of the lighting units that are simultaneously energized to perform said
function and mode(s), according to the description of the applicant. Individual
lighting units may be used to comply with the requirements for different angles.
6.22.6.
Orientation
Towards the front.
The AFS shall, prior to the subsequent test procedures, be set to the neutral state,
emitting the basic passing beam.
6.22.6.1.
Vertical orientation:
6.22.6.1.1.
The initial downward inclination of the cut-off of the basic passing beam to be set
in the unladen vehicle state with one person in the driver's seat shall be specified
with a precision of 0.1 per cent by the manufacturer and indicated in clearly
legible and indelible manner on each vehicle, close to either the front lighting
system or the manufacturer's plate, by the symbol shown in Annex 7.
Where differing initial downward inclinations are specified by the manufacturer
for different lighting units that provide or contribute to the cut-off of the basic
passing beam, these values of downward inclination shall be specified with a
precision of 0.1 per cent by the manufacturer and indicated in clearly legible and
indelible manner on each vehicle, close to either the relevant lighting units or on
the manufacturers plate, in such a way that all the lighting units concerned can be
unambiguously identified.
6.22.6.1.2.
The downward inclination of the horizontal part of the "cut-off" of the basic
passing beam shall remain between the limits indicated in paragraph 6.2.6.1.2. of
this Regulation under all the static loading conditions of the vehicle of Annex 5 of
this Regulation; and the initial aiming shall be within the specified values.
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6.22.6.1.2.1. in case the passing beam is generated by several beams from different lighting
units, the provisions according to paragraph 6.22.6.1.2. above apply to each said
beam's "cut-off" (if any), which is designed to project into the angular zone, as
indicated under item 9.4. of the communication form conforming to the model in
Annex 1 to Regulation No. 123.
6.22.6.2.
Headlamp levelling device
6.22.6.2.1.
In the case where a headlamp levelling device is necessary to satisfy the
requirements of paragraph 6.22.6.1.2., the device shall be automatic.
6.22.6.2.2.
In the event of a failure of this device, the passing beam shall not assume a
position in which the dip is less than it was at the time when the failure of the
device occurred.
6.22.6.3.
Horizontal orientation:
For each lighting unit the kink of the elbow of the cut-off line, if any, when
projected on the screen, shall coincide with the vertical line through the reference
axis of said lighting unit. A tolerance of 0.5 degrees to that side which is the side
of the traffic direction shall be allowed. Other lighting units shall be adjusted
according to the applicant's specification, as defined according to Annex 10 of
Regulation No. 123.
6.22.6.4.
Measuring procedure:
After adjustment of the initial setting of beam orientation, the vertical inclination
of the passing beam or, when applicable, the vertical inclinations of all the
different lighting units that provide or contribute to the cut-off(s) according to
paragraph 6.22.6.1.2.1. above of the basic passing beam, shall be verified for all
loading conditions of the vehicle in accordance with the specifications in
paragraphs 6.2.6.3.1. and 6.2.6.3.2. of this Regulation.
6.22.7.
Electrical connections
6.22.7.1.
Main beam lighting (if provided by the AFS)
(a)
The lighting units for the main-beam may be activated either simultaneously
or in pairs. For changing over from the dipped-beam to the main-beam at
least one pair of lighting units for the main-beam shall be activated. For
changing over from the main-beam to the dipped-beam all lighting units for
the main-beam shall be de-activated simultaneously.
(b)
The dipped-beams may remain switched on at the same time as the mainbeams.
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(c)
6.22.7.2.
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Where four concealable lighting units are fitted their raised position must
prevent the simultaneous operation of any additional headlamps fitted, if
these are intended to provide light signals consisting of intermittent
illumination at short intervals (see paragraph 5.12.) in daylight.
Passing beam lighting
(a)
The control for changing over to the dipped-beam must switch off all
main-beam headlamps or de-activate all AFS lighting units for the
main-beam simultaneously.
(b)
The dipped-beam may remain switched on at the same time as the mainbeams.
(c)
In the case of lighting units for the dipped-beam being equipped with gas
discharge light sources, the gas-discharge light sources shall remain
switched on during the main-beam operation.
6.22.7.3.
Switching ON and OFF the passing beam may be automatic, however subject to
the requirements for "Electrical connection" in paragraph 5.12. of this Regulation.
6.22.7.4.
Automatic operation of the AFS
The changes within and between the provided classes and their modes of the AFS
lighting functions as specified below, shall be performed automatically and such
that no discomfort, neither for the driver nor for other road users, is caused.
The following conditions apply for the activation of the classes and their modes of
the passing beam and, where applicable, of the main-beam.
6.22.7.4.1.
The class C mode(s) of the passing beam shall be activated if no mode of another
passing beam class is activated.
6.22.7.4.2.
The class V mode(s) of the passing beam shall not operate unless one or more of
the following conditions is/are automatically detected (V-signal applies):
(a)
roads in built-up areas and the vehicle's speed not exceeding 60 km/h;
(b)
roads equipped with a fixed road illumination, and the vehicle's speed not
exceeding 60 km/h;
(c)
a road surface luminance of 1 cd/m2 and/or a horizontal road illumination of
10 lx being exceeded continuously;
(d)
the vehicle's speed not exceeding 50 km/h.
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6.22.7.4.3.
6.22.7.4.4.
6.22.7.4.5.
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The class E mode(s) of the passing beam shall not operate unless the vehicle's
speed exceeds 70 km/h and one or more of the following conditions is/are
automatically detected.
(a)
The road characteristics correspond to motorway conditions 12/ and/or the
vehicle's speed exceeds 110 km/h (E-signal applies).
(b)
In case of a class E mode of the passing beam which, according to the
system's approval documents /communication sheet, complies with a 'data
set' of Table 6 of Annex 3 of Regulation No. 123, only.
Data set E1: the vehicle's speed exceeds 100 km/h (E1-signal applies);
Data set E2: the vehicle's speed exceeds 90 km/h (E2-signal applies);
Data set E3: the vehicle's speed exceeds 80 km/h (E3-signal applies).
The class W-mode(s) of the passing beam shall not operate unless the front fog
lamps, if any, are switched OFF and one or more of the following conditions
is/are automatically detected (W-signal applies):
(a)
the wetness of the road has been detected automatically;
(b)
the windshield wiper is switched ON and its continuous or automatically
controlled operation has occurred for a period of at least two minutes.
A mode of a class C, V, E, or W passing beam shall not be modified to become a
bending mode of said class (T-signal applies in combination with the signal of
said passing beam class according to paragraphs 6.22.7.4.1. through 6.22.7.4.4.
above) unless at least one of the following characteristics (or equivalent
indications) are evaluated:
(a)
the angle of lock of the steering;
(b)
the trajectory of the centre of gravity of the vehicle.
In addition the following provisions apply:
(i)
a horizontal movement of the asymmetric cut-off side-wards from the
longitudinal axis of the vehicle, if any, is allowed only when the vehicle is
in forward motion 13/ and shall be such that the longitudinal vertical plane
12/
Traffic directions being separated by means of road construction, or, a corresponding
lateral distance of opposing traffic is identified. This implies a reduction of undue glare from
vehicles headlamps in opposing traffic.
13/
This provision does not apply for passing beam lighting when bend lighting is produced
for a right turn in right hand traffic (left turn in left-hand traffic).
} Rev.1/Add.47/Rev.5
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through the kink of the elbow of the cut-off does not intersect the line of the
trajectory of the centre of gravity of the vehicle at distances from the front
of the vehicle which are larger than 100 times the mounting height of the
respective lighting unit;
(ii)
one or more lighting units may be additionally energized only when the
horizontal radius of curvature of the trajectory of the centre of gravity of the
vehicle is 500 m or less.
6.22.7.6.
It shall always be possible for the driver to set the AFS to the neutral state and to
return it to its automatic operation.
6.22.8.
Tell-tale:
6.22.8.1.
The provisions of paragraphs 6.1.8. (for the main-beam headlamp) and 6.2.8. (for
the dipped-beam headlamp) of this Regulation apply to the respective parts of an
AFS.
6.22.8.2.
A visual failure tell-tale for AFS is mandatory. It shall be non-flashing. It shall
be activated whenever a failure is detected with respect to the AFS control signals
or when a failure signal is received in accordance with paragraph 5.9. of
Regulation No. 123. It shall remain activated while the failure is present. It may
be cancelled temporarily, but shall be repeated whenever the device which starts
and stops the engine is switched on and off.
6.22.8.3.
A tell-tale to indicate that the driver has set the system into a state according to
paragraph 5.8. of Regulation No. 123 is optional.
6.22.9.
Other requirements
6.22.9.1.
An AFS shall be permitted only in conjunction with the installation of headlamp
cleaning device(s) according to Regulation No. 45 14/ for at least those lighting
units, which are indicated under item 9.3. of the communication form conforming
to the model in Annex 1 to Regulation No. 123, if the total objective luminous
flux of the light sources of these units exceeds 2,000 lm per side, and which
contribute to the class C (basic) passing beam.
6.22.9.2.
Verification of compliance with AFS automatic operating requirements
6.22.9.2.1. The applicant shall demonstrate with a concise description or other means
acceptable to the Authority responsible for type approval:
(a)
the correspondence of the AFS control signals
Contracting Parties to the respective Regulations can still prohibit the use of mechanical
14/
cleaning systems when headlamps with plastic lenses, marked 'PL', are installed.
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i) to the description required in paragraph 3.2.6. of this Regulation and
ii) to the respective AFS control signals specified in the AFS type approval
documents, and,
(b)
compliance with the automatic operating requirements according to
paragraphs 6.22.7.4.1. through 6.22.7.4.5. above.
6.22.9.2.2.
To verify, whether, according to the paragraph 6.22.7.4., the AFS automatic
operation does not cause any discomfort, the technical service shall perform a test
drive which comprises any situation relevant to the system control on the basis of
the applicants description; it shall be notified whether all modes are activated,
performing and de-activated according to the applicant's description; obvious
malfunctioning, if any, to be contested (e.g. excessive angular movement or
flicker).
6.22.9.3.
The aggregate maximum intensity of the lighting units that can be energized
simultaneously to provide the main-beam lighting or its modes, if any, shall not
exceed 225 000 cd, which corresponds to a reference value of 75.
This maximum intensity shall be obtained by adding together the individual
reference marks indicated on the several installation units that are simultaneously
used to provide the main-beam.
6.22.9.4.
The means according to the provisions of paragraph 5.8. of Regulation No. 123,
which allow the vehicle to be used temporarily in a territory with the opposite
direction of driving than that for which approval is sought, shall be explained in
detail in the owner’s manual.
6.23.
EMERGENCY STOP SIGNAL
6.23.1.
Presence
Optional
The emergency stop signal shall be given by the simultaneous operation of all the
stop or direction indicator lamps fitted as described in paragraph 6.22.7.
6.23.2.
Number
As specified in paragraph 6.5.2. or 6.7.2.
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6.23.3.
} Rev.1/Add.47/Rev.5
Arrangement
As specified in paragraph 6.5.3. or 6.7.3.
6.23.4.
Position
As specified in paragraph 6.5.4. or 6.7.4.
6.23.5.
Geometric visibility
As specified in paragraph 6.5.5. or 6.7.5.
6.23.6.
Orientation
As specified in paragraph 6.5.6. or 6.7.6.
6.23.7.
Electrical connections
6.23.7.1.
All the lamps of the emergency stop signal shall flash in phase at a frequency
of 4.0 ± 1.0 Hz.
6.23.7.1.1.
However, if any of the lamps of the emergency stop signal to the rear of the
vehicle use filament light sources the frequency shall be 4.0 +0.0/-1.0 Hz.
6.23.7.2.
The emergency stop signal shall operate independently of other lamps.
6.23.7.3.
The emergency stop signal shall be activated and deactivated automatically.
6.23.7.3.1.
The emergency stop signal shall be activated only when the vehicle speed is
above 50 km/h and the braking system is providing the emergency braking logic
signal defined in Regulations Nos. 13 and 13-H.
6.23.7.3.2.
The emergency stop signal shall be automatically deactivated if the emergency
braking logic signal as defined in Regulations Nos. 13 and 13-H is no longer
provided or if the hazard warning signal is activated.
6.23.8.
Tell-tale
Optional
6.23.9.
Other requirements
6.23.9.1.
Except as provided in paragraph 6.23.9.2. below, if a motor vehicle is equipped to
tow a trailer, the control of the emergency stop signal on the motor vehicle shall
also be capable of operating the emergency stop signal on the trailer.
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When the motor vehicle is electrically connected to a trailer, the operating
frequency of the emergency stop signal for the combination shall be limited to the
frequency specified in paragraph 6.23.7.1.1. However, if the motor vehicle can
detect that filament light sources are not being used on the trailer for the
emergency stop signal, the frequency may be that specified in paragraph 6.23.7.1.
6.23.9.2.
If a motor vehicle is equipped to tow a trailer fitted with a service braking system
of either continuous or semi-continuous type, as defined in Regulation No.13, it
shall be ensured that a constant power supply is provided via the electrical
connector for the stop lamps to such trailers while the service brake is applied.
The emergency stop signal on any such trailer may operate independently of the
towing vehicle and is not required to operate either at the same frequency as, or in
phase with that on the towing vehicle.
7.
MODIFICATIONS AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF THE VEHICLE
TYPE OR OF THE INSTALLATION OF ITS LIGHTING AND
LIGHT-SIGNALLING DEVICES
7.1.
Every modification of the vehicle type, or of the installation of its lighting or
light-signalling devices, or of the list referred to in paragraph 3.2.2. above, shall
be notified to the Administrative Department which approved that vehicle type.
The department may then either:
7.1.1.
Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse
effect and that in any case the vehicle still meets the requirements; or
7.1.2.
Require a further test report from the Technical Services responsible for
conducting the tests.
7.2.
Confirmation of extension or refusal of approval, specifying the alteration, shall
be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 4.3. above to the
Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation.
7.3.
The Competent Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series
number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the
1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form
conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
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8.
} Rev.1/Add.47/Rev.5
CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the
Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the
following requirements:
8.1.
Any vehicle approved pursuant to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to
conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set out in
paragraphs 5. and 6. above.
8.2.
The holder of the approval shall in particular:
8.2.1.
ensure existence of procedures for effective quality control of the vehicle as
regards all aspects relevant to compliance with the requirements set out in
paragraphs 5. and 6. above;
8.2.2.
ensure that for each type of vehicle at least the tests prescribed in Annex 9 to this
Regulation or physical checks from which equivalent data may be derived are
carried out;
8.3.
The Competent Authority may carry out any test prescribed in this Regulation.
These tests will be on samples selected at random without causing distortion of
the manufacturers delivery commitments.
8.4.
The Competent Authority shall strive to obtain a frequency of inspection of once
per year. However, this is at the discretion of the Competent Authority and their
confidence in the arrangements for ensuring effective control of the conformity of
production. In the case where negative results are recorded, the Competent
Authority shall ensure that all necessary steps are taken to re-establish the
conformity of production as rapidly as possible.
9.
PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
9.1.
The approval granted in respect of a type of vehicle pursuant to this Regulation
may be withdrawn if the requirements are not complied with or if a vehicle
bearing the approval mark does not conform to the type approved.
9.2.
If a Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it has
previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties
applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the
model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
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10.
}
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PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of vehicle
approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall inform the authority which
granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that authority
shall inform thereof the other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation
by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this
Regulation.
11.
NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE
FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE
DEPARTMENTS
The Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to
the United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the Technical Services
responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Administrative Departments
which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or
refusal or withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.
12.
TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
12.1.
As from the official date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments, no
Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval under
this Regulation as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
12.2.
As from 12 months after the date of entry into force of the 03 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals
only if the vehicle type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation
as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
12.3.
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of
approval to the preceding series of amendments to this Regulation.
12.4.
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to grant approvals to
those types of vehicles which comply with the requirements of this Regulation as
amended by the preceding series of amendments during the 12 month period
which follows the date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments.
12.5.
No Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse national or regional
type approval of a vehicle type approved to the 03 series of amendments to this
Regulation.
12.6.
Until 36 months after the date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments
to this Regulation, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse
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} Rev.1/Add.47/Rev.5
national or regional type approval of a vehicle type approved to the preceding
series of amendments to this Regulation.
12.7.
Starting 36 months after the entry into force of the 03 series of amendments to this
Regulation, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse first national
or regional registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet
the requirements of the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation.
12.8.
As from 60 months after the date of entry into force of the 03 series of
amendments to this Regulation, approvals to this Regulation shall cease to be
valid, except in the case of vehicle types which comply with the requirements of
this Regulation as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
12.9.
Notwithstanding the transitional provisions above, Contracting Parties whose
application of this Regulation comes into force after the date of entry into force of
the most recent series of amendments are not obliged to accept approvals which
were granted in accordance with any of the preceding series of amendments to
this Regulation.
12.10.
Notwithstanding paragraph 12.7. or 12.8., approvals of the vehicle types to the
preceding series of amendments to the Regulation which are not affected by
the 03 series of amendments shall remain valid and Contracting Parties applying
the Regulation shall continue to accept them.
12.11.
Until the United Nations Secretary-General is notified otherwise, Japan declares
that in relation to the installation of lighting and light signalling devices, Japan
will only be bound by the obligations of the Agreement to which this Regulation
is annexed with respect to vehicles of categories M1 and N1.
12.12.
As from the date of entry into force of Supplement 7 to the 02 series of
amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant
approvals under this Regulation as amended by Supplement 7 to the 02 series of
amendments.
12.13.
As from 30 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 7 to the
02 series of amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant
ECE approvals only if the vehicle type to be approved meets the requirements of
this Regulation as amended by Supplement 7 to the 02 series of amendments.
12.14.
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions
of approvals to the preceding series of amendments to this Regulation, including
Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments.
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12.15.
ECE approvals granted under this Regulation before the date mentioned in
paragraph 12.13. above, including extensions of such approvals, shall remain
valid indefinitely.
12.16.
As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 3 to the 03 series of
amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant
approvals under this Regulation, as amended by Supplement 3 to the 03 series of
amendments.
12.17.
As from 36 months from the entry into force of Supplement 3 to the 03 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals
only if the vehicle type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation
as amended by Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments.
12.18.
Approvals granted under this Regulation before the date mentioned in
paragraph 12.16. above, including extensions of such approvals, shall remain
valid.
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Annex 1
} Rev.1/Add.47/Rev.5
Annex 1
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm))
issued by :
concerning: 2/
Name of administration:
......................................
......................................
......................................
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a type of vehicle with regard to the installation of lighting and light- signalling devices,
pursuant to Regulation No. 48.
Approval No. .......
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
9.1.
9.2.
9.3.
9.4.
9.5.
9.6.
9.7.
Extension No. .......
Trade name or mark of the vehicle: .....................................................................................
Manufacturer's name for the type of vehicle:.......................................................................
Manufacturer's name and address:.......................................................................................
If applicable, name and address of the manufacturer's representative:
...........................................................................................................................................
Submitted for approval on:..................................................................................................
Technical service responsible for conducting approval tests:
...........................................................................................................................................
Date of test report: .............................................................................................................
Number of test report: .........................................................................................................
Concise description:
Lighting and light-signalling devices on the vehicle:
Main-beam headlamps :
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
Dipped-beam headlamps :
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
Front-fog lamps :
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
Reversing lamps :
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
Front direction-indicators:
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
Rear direction-indicators :
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
Side direction-indicators:
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
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9.8. Hazard warning signal:
9.9. Stop-lamps:
9.10. Rear registration plate
illuminating device:
9.11. Front position lamps:
9.12. Rear position lamps:
9.13. Rear fog-lamps:
9.14. Parking lamps:
9.15. End-outline marker lamps:
9.16. Rear retro-reflectors,
non-triangular:
9.17. Rear retro-reflectors, triangular:
9.18. Front retro-reflectors,
non-triangular:
9.19. Side retro-reflectors,
non-triangular:
9.20. Side marker lamps:
9.21. Daytime running lamps:
9.22. Adaptive front lighting system (AFS):
9.23 Cornering lamps:
9.24. Conspicuity markings:
9.24.1. Full contour markings:
}
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yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/ no 2/........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
Rear
yes/no 2/ ......................................................
Side
yes/no 2/ ......................................................
9.24.2. Partial contour markings:
Rear
yes/no 2/ ......................................................
Side
yes/no 2/ ......................................................
9.24.3. Line markings:
Rear
yes/no 2/ ......................................................
Side
yes/no ..........................................................
9.25. Emergency stop signal:
yes/no 2/ ......................................................
9.26. Equivalent lamps:
yes/no 2/ ........................................................
9.27. Maximum permissible load in the boot:...............................................................................
10.
Comments
10.1. Any comments on movable components:.............................................................................
............................................................................................................................................
10.2. Method used for the definition of the apparent surface: boundary of the illuminating
surface 2/ or light-emitting surface 2/
10.3. Other comments (valid for right-hand or left-hand drive vehicles): ....................................
10.4. Comments concerning AFS (according to paragraphs 3.2.6. and 6.22.7.4. of the
Regulation): ........................................................................................................................
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10.5.
Comments regarding the extent of coverage of the conspicuity marking if it is less than
the minimum value of 80 per cent required by paragraphs 6.21.4.1.2. and 6.21.4.2.2.
11.
Position of the approval mark:.............................................................................................
12.
Reason(s) for extension (if applicable): ...............................................................................
13.
Approval granted/extended/refused/withdrawn 2/
14.
Place:..................................................................................................................................
15.
Date: ...................................................................................................................................
16.
Signature:............................................................................................................................
17.
The following documents, bearing the approval number shown above, are available on
request: ...............................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
______________________
Distinguishing number of the country which has granted/extended/refused/withdrawn
1/
approval (see approval provisions in the Regulation).
2/
Strike out what does not apply, or repeat "yes" or "no".
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Annex 2
ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS
Model A
(See paragraph 4.4. of this Regulation)
03
a = 8 mm min.
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has,
with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices, been approved in the
Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Regulation No. 48 as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in accordance with the
requirements of Regulation No. 48 as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
Model B
(see paragraph 4.5. of this Regulation)
03
a = 8 mm min.
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has
been approved in the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Regulation No. 48 as amended by the 03
series of amendments and Regulation No. 33. 1/ The approval number indicates that, at the dates
when the respective approvals were given, Regulation No. 48 was amended by the 03 series of
amendments and Regulation No. 33 was still in its original form.
_____________
1/
The second number is given merely as an example.
} Rev.1/Add.47/Rev.5
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Annex 3
Annex 3
LAMP SURFACES, AXIS AND CENTRE OF REFERENCE,
AND ANGLES OF GEOMETRIC VISIBILITY
5
A
A
1
1
3
4
4
3
2
d
8
c
A-A
2
a
b
3
7
5
1
6
4
4
8
8
6
7
8
8
8
KEY
1.
Illuminating surface
2.
Axis of reference
3.
Centre of reference
4.
Angle of geometric visibility
5.
Light-emitting surface
6.
Apparent surface based on illuminating surface
7.
Apparent surface based on light-emitting surface
8.
Direction of visibility
Note: Notwithstanding the drawing, the apparent surface is to be considered as tangent to the
light-emitting surface.
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ILLUMINATING SURFACE IN COMPARISON WITH LIGHT-EMITTING SURFACE
(See paragraphs 2.9. and 2.8. of this Regulation)
SKETCH A
AXIS OF
REFERENCE
Surface of lens
shown flat
for convenience
c
a
b
d
PROJECTED
VIEW
Edges are
Illuminating surface
Light-emitting surface
a and b
c and d
CROQUIS
SKETCHBB
AXIS
AXE
DEOF
REFERENCE
REFERENCE
Surface of lens
Surface
de la
shown flat
for
lentille
dessinée
convenience
plate par commodité
c
a
b
d
PROJECTED
PROJECTION
VIEW
Edges are
Illuminating surface
a and b
Light-emitting surface
c and d
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Annex 4
VISIBILITY OF A RED LAMP TO THE FRONT
AND VISITBILITY OF A WHITE LAMP TO THE REAR
(See paragraphs 5.10.1. and 5.10.2. of this Regulation)
Visibilité
d'un
vers
Visibility
of faeu
redrouge
lamp to
the l'ava
front nt
15º
15º
25 m
Figure 1
Visibility
a white
to the
rear
Visibilitéofd'un
f eulamp
blanc
vers
l'arrière
15º
15º
25 m
Figure 2
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Annex 5
STATES OF LOADING TO BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION IN DETERMINING
VARIATIONS IN THE VERTICAL ORIENTATION OF THE DIPPED-BEAM HEADLAMPS
Loading conditions on axles referred to in paragraphs 6.2.6.1. and 6.2.6.3.1.
1.
For the following tests, the mass of the passengers shall be calculated on the
basis of 75 kg per person.
2.
Loading conditions for different types of vehicles:
2.1.
Vehicles in category M1: 1/
2.1.1.
The angle of the light beam of the dipped-beam headlamps shall be determined
under the following load conditions:
2.1.1.1.
one person in the driver's seat;
2.1.1.2.
the driver, plus one passenger in the front seat farthest from the driver;
2.1.1.3.
the driver, one passenger in the front seat farthest from the driver, all the seats
farthest to the rear occupied;
2.1.1.4.
all the seats occupied;
2.1.1.5.
all the seats occupied, plus an evenly distributed load in the luggage boot, in
order to obtain the permissible load on the rear axle or on the front axle if the
boot is at the front. If the vehicle has a front and a rear boot, the additional load
must be appropriately distributed in order to obtain the permissible axle loads.
However, if the maximum permissible laden mass is obtained before the
permissible load on one of the axles, the loading of the boot(s) shall be limited to
the figure which enables that mass to be reached;
2.1.1.6.
driver, plus an evenly distributed load in the boot, in order to obtain the
permissible load on the corresponding axle.
However, if the maximum permissible laden mass is obtained before the
permissible load on the axle, the loading of the boot(s) shall be limited to the
figure which enables that mass to be reached.
1/
As defined in Annex 7 of the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles
(R.E.3) (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2, as last amended by Amend.4).
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2.1.2.
In determining the above loading conditions, account must be taken of any
loading restrictions laid down by the manufacturer.
2.2.
Vehicles in categories M2 and M3; 1/
The angle of the light beam from the dipped-beam headlamps must be
determined under the following loading conditions:
2.2.1.
vehicle unladen and one person in the driver's seat;
2.2.2.
vehicles laden such that each axle carries its maximum technically permissible
load or until the maximum permissible mass of the vehicle is attained by loading
the front and rear axles proportionally to their maximum technically permissible
loads, whichever occurs first.
2.3.
Vehicles in category N with load surfaces:
2.3.1.
The angle of the light beam from the dipped-beam headlamps must be
determined under the following loading conditions;
2.3.1.1.
vehicle unladen and one person in the driver's seat;
2.3.1.2.
driver, plus a load so distributed as to give the maximum technically permissible
load on the rear axle or axles, or the maximum permissible mass of the vehicle,
whichever occurs first, without exceeding a front axle load calculated as the sum
of the front axle load of the unladen vehicle plus 25 per cent of the maximum
permissible payload on the front axle. Conversely, the front axle is so
considered when the load platform is at the front.
2.4.
Vehicles in category N without a load surface:
2.4.1.
Drawing vehicles for semi-trailers:
2.4.1.1.
Unladen vehicle without a load on the coupling attachment and one person in the
driver's seat;
2.4.1.2.
one person in the driver's seat: technically permissible load on the coupling
attachment in the position of the attachment corresponding to the highest load on
the rear axle.
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2.4.2.
Drawing vehicles for trailers:
2.4.2.1.
vehicle unladen and one person in the driver's seat;
2.4.2.2.
one person in the driver's seat, all the other places in the driving cabin being
occupied.
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Annex 6
MEASUREMENT OF THE VARIATION OF DIPPED-BEAM INCLINATION AS A
FUNCTION OF LOAD
1.
Scope
This annex specifies a method for measuring variations in motor vehicle dipped-beam
inclination, in relation to its initial inclination, caused by changes in vehicle attitude
due to loading.
2.
Definitions
2.1.
Initial inclination
2.1.1.
Stated initial inclination
The value of the dipped-beam initial inclination specified by the motor vehicle
manufacturer serving as a reference value for the calculation of permissible
variations.
2.1.2.
Measured initial inclination
The mean value of dipped-beam inclination or vehicle inclination measured with the
vehicle in condition No. 1, as defined in Annex 5, for the category of vehicle under
test. It serves as a reference value for the assessment of variations in beam
inclination as the load varies.
2.2.
Dipped-beam inclination
It may be defined as follows:
either as the angle, expressed in milliradians, between the direction of the beam
towards a characteristic point on the horizontal part of the cut-off in the luminous
distribution of the headlamp and the horizontal plane,
or by the tangent of that angle, expressed in percentage inclination, since the angles
are small (for these small angles, 1 per cent is equal to 10 mrad).
If the inclination is expressed in percentage inclination, it can be calculated by means
of the following formula:
(h1 − h 2 )
x 100
L
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where:
h1
is the height above the ground, in millimetres, of the above- mentioned
characteristic point, measured on a vertical screen perpendicular to the
vehicle longitudinal median plane, placed at a horizontal distance L.
h2
is the height above the ground, in millimetres, of the centre of reference
(which is taken to be the nominal origin of the characteristic point chosen
in h1):
L
is the distance, in millimetres, from the screen to the centre of reference.
Negative values denote downward inclination (see figure 1).
Positive values denote upward inclination.
Figure 1
Dipped-beam downward inclination of a category M1 vehicle
Notes:
1.
This drawing represents a category M1 vehicle, but the principle shown
applies equally to vehicles of other categories.
2.
Where the vehicle does not incorporate a headlamp levelling system, the
variation in dipped-beam inclination is identical with the variation in the
inclination of the vehicle itself.
3.
Measurement conditions
3.1.
If a visual inspection of the dipped-beam pattern on the screen or a photometric
method is used, measurement shall be carried out in a dark environment (for
example, a dark room) of sufficient area to allow the vehicle and the screen to be
placed as shown in figure 1. Headlamp centres of reference shall be at a distance
from the screen of at least 10 m.
3.2.
The ground on which measurements are made shall be as flat and horizontal as
possible, so that the reproducibility of measurements of dipped-beam inclination
can be assured with an accuracy of ± 0.5 mrad (± 0.05 per cent inclination).
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3.3.
If a screen is used, its marking, position and orientation in relation to the ground
and to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle, shall be such that the
reproducibility of the measurement of the dipped-beam inclination can be
assured with an accuracy of ± 0.5 mrad (± 0.05 per cent inclination).
3.4.
During measurements, the ambient temperature shall be between 10 and 30 °C.
4.
Vehicle preparation
4.1.
Measurements shall be carried out on a vehicle which has travelled a distance of
between 1,000 km and 10,000 km, preferably 5,000 km.
4.2.
Tyres shall be inflated to the full-load pressure specified by the vehicle
manufacturer. The vehicle shall be fully replenished (fuel, water, oil) and
equipped with all the accessories and tools specified by the manufacturer. Full
fuel replenishment means that the fuel tank must be filled to not less than 90 per
cent of its capacity.
4.3.
The vehicle shall have the parking brake released and the gearbox in neutral.
4.4.
The vehicle shall be conditioned for at least 8 h at the temperature specified in
paragraph 3.4. above.
4.5.
If a photometric or visual method is used, headlamps with a well- defined
dipped-beam cut-off should preferably be installed on the vehicle under test in
order to facilitate the measurements. Other means are allowed to obtain a more
precise reading (for example, removal of the headlamp lens).
5.
Test procedure
5.1.
General
The variations in either dipped-beam or vehicle inclination, depending on the
method chosen, shall be measured separately for each side of the vehicle. The
results obtained from both left and right headlamps under all the load conditions
specified in Annex 5, shall be within the limits set out in paragraph 5.5. below.
The load shall be applied gradually without subjecting the vehicle to excessive
shocks.
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5.1.1.
Where an AFS is fitted, the measurements shall be carried out with the AFS in its
neutral state.
5.2.
Determination of the measured initial inclination
The vehicle shall be prepared as specified in paragraph 4. above and laden as
specified in Annex 5 (first loading condition of the respective vehicle category).
Before each measurement, the vehicle shall be rocked as specified in
paragraph 5.4. below. Measurements shall be made three times.
5.2.1.
If none of the three measured results differ by more than 2 mrad (0.2 per cent
inclination) from the arithmetic mean of the results, that mean shall constitute the
final result.
5.2.2.
If any measurement differs from the arithmetic mean of the results by more than
2 mrad (0.2 per cent inclination), a further series of 10 measurements shall be
made, the arithmetic mean of which shall constitute the final result.
5.3.
Measurement methods
Any method may be used to measure variations of inclination provided that the
readings are accurate to within ± 0.2 mrad (± 0.02 per cent inclination).
5.4.
Treatment of vehicle in each loading condition
The vehicle suspension and any other part likely to affect dipped-beam
inclination shall be activated according to the methods described below.
However, the technical authorities and manufacturers may jointly propose other
methods (either experimental or based upon calculations), especially when the
test poses particular problems, provided such calculations are clearly valid.
5.4.1.
M1 category vehicles with conventional suspension
With the vehicle standing on the measuring site and, if necessary, with the
wheels resting on floating platforms (which must be used if their absence would
lead to restriction of the suspension movement likely to affect the results of
measurements), rock the vehicle continuously for at least three complete cycles,
for each cycle, first the rear and than the front end of the vehicle is pushed down.
The rocking sequence shall end with the completion of a cycle. Before making
the measurements, the vehicle shall be allowed to come to rest spontaneously.
Instead of using floating platforms, the same effect can be achieved by moving
the vehicle backwards and forwards for at least a complete wheel revolution.
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5.4.2.
M2, M3 and N category vehicles with conventional suspension
5.4.2.1.
If the treatment method for category M1 vehicles described in paragraph 5.4.1. is
not possible, the method described in paragraphs 5.4.2.2. or 5.4.2.3. may be
used.
5.4.2.2.
With the vehicle standing on the measuring site and the wheels on the ground,
rock the vehicle by temporarily varying the load.
5.4.2.3.
With the vehicle standing on the measuring site and the wheels on the ground,
activate the vehicle suspension and all other parts which may affect the
dipped-beam inclination by using a vibration rig. This can be a vibrating
platform on which the wheels rest.
5.4.3.
Vehicles with non-conventional suspension, where the engine has to be running.
Before making any measurement wait until the vehicle has assumed its final
attitude with the engine running.
5.5.
Measurements
The variation of the inclination of the dipped-beam shall be assessed for each of
the different loading conditions in relation to the measured initial inclination
determined in accordance with paragraph 5.2. above.
If the vehicle is fitted with a manual headlamp-levelling system, the latter shall
be adjusted to the positions specified by the manufacturer for given loading
conditions (according to Annex 5).
5.5.1.
To begin with, a single measurement shall be made in each loading condition.
Requirements have been met if, for all the loading conditions, the variation in
inclination is within the calculated limits (for example, within the difference
between the stated initial inclination and the lower and upper limits specified for
approval) with a safety margin of 4 mrad (0.4 per cent inclination).
5.5.2.
If the result(s) of any measurement(s) does (do) not lie within the safety margin
indicated in paragraph 5.5.1. or exceed(s) the limit values, a further three
measurements shall be made in the loading conditions corresponding to this
(these) result(s) as specified in paragraph 5.5.3.
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5.5.3.
For each of the above loading conditions:
5.5.3.1.
If none of the three measured results differs by more than 2 mrad (0.2 per cent
inclination) from the arithmetic mean of the results, that mean shall constitute the
final result.
5.5.3.2.
If any measurement differs from the arithmetic mean of the results by more than
2 mrad (0.2 per cent inclination), a further series of 10 measurements shall be
made, the arithmetic mean of which shall constitute the final result.
5.5.3.3.
If a vehicle is fitted with an automatic headlamp-levelling system which has an
inherent hysteresis loop, average results at the top and bottom of the hysteresis
loop shall be taken as significant values.
All these measurements shall be made in accordance with paragraphs 5.5.3.1.
and 5.5.3.2.
5.5.4.
Requirements have been met, if, under all loading conditions, the variation
between the measured initial inclination determined in accordance with
paragraph 5.2. and the inclination measured under each loading condition is less
than the values calculated in paragraph 5.5.1. (without safety margin).
5.5.5.
If only one of the calculated upper or lower limits of variation is exceeded, the
manufacturer shall be permitted to choose a different value for the stated initial
inclination, within the limits specified for approval.
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Annex 7
INDICATION OF THE STATED INITIAL ADJUSTMENT REFERRED TO IN
PARAGRAPH 6.2.6.1.1. OF THIS REGULATION
Example
⇑
Standard symbol for
dipped-beam headlamp
⇑
Value of the stated
initial adjustment
The size of the symbol and characters is left to the discretion of the manufacturer.
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Annex 8
THE CONTROLS FOR THE HEADLAMP-LEVELLING DEVICES REFERRED TO
IN PARAGRAPH 6.2.6.2.2. OF THIS REGULATION
1.
Specifications
1.1.
Downward inclination of the dipped-beam must in all cases be produced in one
of the following ways:
(a)
(b)
(c)
by moving a control downwards or to the left;
by rotating a control in a counterclockwise direction;
by depressing a button (push-pull control).
If several buttons are used to adjust the beam, the button which gives the greatest
downward inclination must be installed to the left or below the button(s) for
other dipped-beam positions.
A rotary control which is installed edge-on, or with only the edge visible, should
follow the operating principles of control of types (a) or (c).
1.1.1.
This control must carry symbols indicating clearly the movements corresponding
to the downward and upward inclination of the dipped beam.
1.2.
The "0" position corresponds to the initial inclination according to
paragraph 6.2.6.1.1. of this Regulation.
1.3.
The "0" position which, according to paragraph 6.2.6.2.2. of this Regulation has
to be a "stop position", need not necessarily be at the end of the scale.
1.4.
The marks used on control must be explained in the owner's handbook.
1.5.
Only the following symbols may be used to identify the controls:
or combinat ion of
and
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Symbols employing five lines instead of four may also be used.
Example 1:
Example 2:
Example 3:
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Annex 9
CONTROL OF CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
1.
TESTS
1.1.
Position of lamps
The position of lamps, as defined in paragraph 2.7. of this Regulation, in width,
in height and in length shall be checked in accordance with the general
requirements set out in paragraphs 2.8. to 2.10., 2.14. and 5.4. of this Regulation.
The values measured for the distances shall be such that the individual
specifications applicable to each lamp are fulfilled.
1.2.
Visibility of lamps
1.2.1.
The angles of geometric visibility shall be checked in accordance with
paragraph 2.13. of this Regulation.
The values measured for the angles shall be such that the individual
specifications applicable to each lamp are fulfilled except that the limits of the
angles may have an allowance corresponding to the ± 3º variation permitted in
paragraph 5.3. for the mounting of the light-signalling devices.
1.2.2.
The visibility of red light towards the front and of white light towards the rear
shall be checked in accordance with paragraph 5.10. of this Regulation.
1.3.
Alignment of dipped-beam headlamps towards the front
1.3.1.
Initial downward inclination
The initial downward inclination of the cut-off of the dipped beam shall be set to
the plated figure as required and shown in Annex 7.
Alternatively the manufacturer shall set the initial aim to a figure that is different
from the plated figure where it can be shown to be representative of the type
approved when tested in accordance with the procedures contained in Annex 6
and in particular paragraph 4.1.
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Variation of inclination with load
The variation of the dipped beam downward inclination as a function of the
loading conditions specified within this section shall remain within the range:
0.2 per cent to 2.8 per cent
0.2 per cent to 2.8 per cent
0.7 per cent to 3.3 per cent
0.7 per cent to 3.3 per cent
1.2 per cent to 3.8 per cent
for headlamp mounting height h < 0.8;
for headlamp mounting height 0.8 ≤ h ≤ 1.0; or
(according to the aiming range chosen by the
manufacturer at the approval);
for headlamp mounting height 1.0 < h ≤ 1.2 m;
for headlamp mounting height h > 1.2 m.
The states of loading to be used shall be as follows, as indicated in Annex 5 of
this Regulation, for every system adjusted accordingly.
1.3.2.1.
Vehicles in category M1:
Paragraph 2.1.1.1.
Paragraph 2.1.1.6. taking into account
Paragraph 2.1.2.
1.3.2.2.
Vehicles in category M2 and M3:
Paragraph 2.2.1.
Paragraph 2.2.2.
1.3.2.3.
Vehicles in category N with load surfaces:
Paragraph 2.3.1.1.
Paragraph 2.3.1.2.
1.3.2.4.
Vehicles in category N without load surfaces:
1.3.2.4.1.
Drawing vehicles for semi-trailers:
Paragraph 2.4.1.1.
Paragraph 2.4.1.2.
1.3.2.4.2.
Drawing vehicles for trailers:
Paragraph 2.4.2.1.
Paragraph 2.4.2.2.
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Electrical connections and tell-tales
The electrical connections shall be checked by switching on every lamp supplied
by the electrical system of the vehicle.
The lamps and tell-tales shall function in accordance with the provisions set out
in paragraphs 5.11. to 5.14. of this Regulation and with the individual
specifications applicable to each lamp.
1.5.
Light intensities
1.5.1.
Main-beam headlamps
The aggregate maximum intensity of the main beam headlamps shall be checked
by the procedure described in paragraph 6.1.9.2. of this Regulation. The value
obtained shall be such that the requirement in paragraph 6.1.9.1. of this
Regulation is fulfilled.
1.6.
The presence, number, colour, arrangement and, where applicable, the category
of lamps shall be checked by visual inspection of the lamps and their markings.
These shall be such that the requirements set out in paragraphs 5.15. and 5.16. as
well as in the individual specifications applicable to each lamp are fulfilled.
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Annex 10
EXAMPLES OF LIGHT SOURCE OPTIONS
"Standard"
DLS
Light Source:
Replaceable
Approved to Regulations
LIGHT SOURCE MODULE
Light Source:
Non-replaceable
Non-approved
SEALED
Light Source:
Non-replaceable
Non-approved
Lightgenerator
Lightguide(s)
Outer
lens(es)
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Annex 11
VISIBILITY OF CONSPICUITY MARKINGS TO THE REAR AND
SIDE OF A VEHICLE
(see paragraph 6.21.5. of this Regulation)
25 m
Observation plane
15°
15°
Figure 1
25 m
Observation plane
Observation
plane plane
15°
15°
Figure 2
-----
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