OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS M SERIES M2D Compact Curvilinear Array Loudspeaker M2D-Sub Compact Subwoofer

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS M SERIES M2D Compact Curvilinear Array Loudspeaker M2D-Sub Compact Subwoofer
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
M SERIES
M2D Compact Curvilinear Array Loudspeaker
M2D-Sub Compact Subwoofer
Keep these important operating instructions.
Check www.meyersound.com for updates.
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY ACCORDING TO ISO/IEC GUIDE 22 AND EN 45014
Manufacturer's Name:
Meyer Sound Laboratories Inc.
Manufacturer's Address:
2832 San Pablo Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94702-2204, USA
Declares that the products
Product Name: M2D and M2D-Sub Loudspeakers
Product Options: All
Safety:
EMC:
IEC 60065:1998
EN 60065:1998
UL 6500/09.99
CAN/CSA E60065-00
EN 55103-1: 1997 emission(1)
EN 55103-2: 1997 immunity(2)
This device complies with EN 55103-1 & -2. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Supplementary Information
The product herewith complies with the requirements of the Low
Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC and the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC.
Office of Quality Manager
Berkeley, California USA
October 28, 2003
European Contact: Your local Meyer Sound dealer or Meyer Sound
Germany, GmbH. Carl Zeiss Strasse 13, 56751 Polch, Germany.
Telephone: 49.2654.9600.58 Fax: 49.2654.9600.59
Environmental specifications for Meyer Sound Electronics products
Operating Temperature
Non operating Temperature
Humidity
Operating Altitude
Non operating Altitude
Shock
Vibration
0˚ C to + 45˚ C
<-40˚ C or > +75˚ C
to 95% at 35˚ C
to 4600 m (15,000 ft)
to 6300 m (25,000 ft)
30 g 11 msec half-sine on
each of 6 sides
10 Hz to 55 Hz (0.010 m peakto-peak excursion)
COPYRIGHT
© 2004 Meyer Sound. All rights reserved.
M2D Compact Curvilinear Array Loudspeaker/M2D-Sub Compact Subwoofer Operating Instructions
The contents of this manual are furnished for informational purposes only, are subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a
commitment by Meyer Sound Laboratories Inc. Meyer Sound assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear
in this manual. Except as permitted by applicable copyright law, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from Meyer Sound.
M Series, M2D, RMS, REM, VEAM, Intelligent AC and all alphanumeric product designations are trademarks of Meyer Sound. Meyer Sound,
Meyer Sound MAPP Online, SIM, TruPower and QuickFly are registered trademarks of Meyer Sound Laboratories Inc. (Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off.).
All third-party trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective trademark holders.
Meyer Sound's REM™ ribbon emulation manifold is the subject of US patent #6,668,969.
Printed in the U.S.A.
Part Number: 05.112.012.01, Rev A
ii
SYMBOLS USED
These symbols indicate important safety or operating features in this booklet and on the chassis:
Dangerous voltages: risk of
electric shock
Important operating
instructions
Frame or chassis
Protective earth ground
Pour indiquer les risques
résultant de tensions
dangereuses
Pour indequer important
instructions
Masse, châssis
Terre de protection
Zu die gefahren von
gefährliche spanning zeigen
Zu wichtige betriebsanweisung und unterhaltsanweisung zeigen
Rahmen oder chassis
Die schutzerde
Para indicar voltajes
peligrosos.
Instrucciones importantes
de funcionamiento y/o
manteniento
Armadura o chassis
Tierra proteccionista
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1
Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
11. Only use attachments/accessories specified by Meyer
Sound.
12. Use only with the caster rails or rigging specified by
Meyer Sound, or sold with the loudspeaker. Handles
are for carrying only.
5. Do not use this loudspeaker near water.
6. Clean only with dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install
in accordance with Meyer Sound's installation
instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators,
heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus that produce
heat.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the groundingtype plug. A grounding type plug has two blades and
a third grounding prong. The third prong is provided
for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into
your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of
the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on
or pinched, particularly at plugs, convenience
receptacles, and the point where they exit from the
loudspeaker. The AC mains plug or appliance coupler
shall remain readily accessible for operation.
CAUTION: Rigging should only be done by
experienced professionals.
13. Unplug this loudspeaker during lightning storms or
when unused for long periods of time.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
Servicing is required when the loudspeaker has been
damaged in any way, such as when the power-supply
cord or plug has been damaged; liquid has been
spilled or objects have fallen into the loudspeaker;
rain or moisture has entered the loudspeaker;
the loudspeaker has been dropped; or when for
undetermined reasons the loudspeaker does not
operate normally.
iii
SAFETY SUMMARY
English
-
-
-
-
-
-
To reduce the risk of electric
shock, disconnect the loudspeaker
from the AC mains before installing
audio cable. Reconnect the power
cord only after making all signal
connections.
Connect the loudspeaker to a
two-pole, three-wire grounding
mains receptacle. The receptacle
must be connected to a fuse or
circuit breaker. Connection to any
other type of receptacle poses a
shock hazard and may violate local
electrical codes.
Do not install the loudspeaker
in wet or humid locations
without using weather protection
equipment from Meyer Sound.
Do not allow water or any
foreign object to get inside the
loudspeaker. Do not put objects
containing liquid on or near the
unit.
To reduce the risk of overheating
the loudspeaker, avoid exposing it
to direct sunlight. Do not install the
unit near heat-emitting appliances,
such as a room heater or stove.
This loudspeaker contains
potentially hazardous voltages. Do
not attempt to disassemble the
unit. The unit contains no userserviceable parts. Repairs should
be performed only by factorytrained service personnel.
-
-
-
Deutsch
-
-
Français
-
-
-
iv
Pour réduire le risque
d’électrocution, débrancher
la prise principale de l’hautparleur, avant d’installer le câble
d’interface allant à l’audio. Ne
rebrancher le bloc d’alimentation
qu’après avoir effectué toutes les
connections.
Branchez l’haut-parleur dans une
prise de courant à 3 dérivations
(deux pôles et la terre). Cette
prise doit être munie d’une
protection adéquate (fusible ou
coupe-circuit). Le branchement
dans tout autre genre de prise
pourrait entraîner un risque
d’électrocution et peut constituer
une infraction à la réglementation
locale concernant les installations
électriques.
Ne pas installer l’haut-parleur dans
un endroit où il y a de l’eau ou une
humidité excessive.
Ne pas laisser de l’eau ou tout
objet pénétrer dans l’haut-parleur.
Ne pas placer de r´cipients
contenant un liquide sur cet
appareil, ni à proximité de celui-ci.
Pour éviter une surchauffe de
l’haut-parleur, conserver-la à
l’abri du soleil. Ne pas installer à
proximité d’appareils dégageant
de la chaleur tels que radiateurs
ou appareils de chauffage.
Ce haut-parleur contient des
circuits haute tension présentant
un danger. Ne jamais essayer
de le démonter. Il n’y a aucun
composant qui puisse être
réparé par l’utilisateur. Toutes les
réparations doivent être effectuées
par du personnel qualifié et agréé
par le constructeur.
-
-
-
Um die Gefahr eines elektrischen
Schlages auf ein Minimum zu
reduzieren, den Lautsprecher
vom Stromnetz trennen, bevor
ggf. ein Audio-Schnittstellensign
alkabel angeschlossen wird. Das
Netzkabel erst nach Herstellung
aller Signalverbindungen wieder
einstecken.
Der Lautsprecher an eine
geerdete zweipolige DreiphasenNetzsteckdose anschließen.
Die Steckdose muß mit einem
geeigneten Abzweigschutz
(Sicherung oder Leistungsschalter)
verbunden sein. Der Anschluß
der unterbrechungsfreien
Stromversorgung an einen
anderen Steckdosentyp kann
zu Stromschlägen führen und
gegen die örtlichen Vorschriften
verstoßen.
Der Lautsprecher nicht an einem
Ort aufstellen, an dem sie mit
Wasser oder übermäßig hoher
Luftfeuchtigkeit in Berührung
kommen könnte.
Darauf achten, daß weder
Wasser noch Fremdkörper in
das Innere den Lautsprecher
eindringen. Keine Objekte, die
Flüssigkeit enthalten, auf oder
neben die unterbrechungsfreie
Stromversorgung stellen.
Um ein Überhitzen dem
Lautsprecher zu verhindern,
das Gerät vor direkter
Sonneneinstrahlung fernhalten
und nicht in der Nähe von
wärmeabstrahlenden
-
Haushaltsgeräten (z.B. Heizgerät
oder Herd) aufstellen.
Im Inneren diesem Lautsprecher
herr-schen potentiell gefährliche
Spannungen. Nicht versuchen,
das Gerät zu öffnen. Es
enthält keine vom Benutzer
reparierbaren Teile. Reparaturen
dürfen nur von ausgebildetem
Kundenienstpersonal durchgeführt
werden.
Español
-
-
-
-
-
Para reducir el riesgo de descarga
eléctrica, desconecte de la red
de voltaje el altoparlante antes de
instalar el cable de señal de audio.
Vuelva a conectar la alimentacion
de voltaje una vez efectuadas
todas las interconexiones de
señalizacion de audio.
Conecte el altoparlante a un
tomacorriente bipolar y trifilar
con neutro de puesta a tierra.
El tomacorriente debe estar
conectado a la protección de
derivación apropiada (ya sea
un fusible o un disyuntor). La
conexión a cualquier otro tipo de
tomacorriente puede constituir
peligro de descarga eléctrica
y violar los códigos eléctricos
locales.
No instale el altoparlante en
lugares donde haya agua o
humedad excesiva.
No deje que en el altoparlante
entre agua ni ningún objeto
extraño. No ponga objetos con
líquidos encima de la unidad ni
cerca de ella.
Para reducir el riesgo de
sobrecalentamiento, no exponga
la unidad a los rayos directos del
sol ni la instale cerca de artefactos
que emiten calor, como estufas o
cocinas.
Este altoparlante contiene
niveles de voltaje peligrosos en
potencia. No intente desarmar la
unidad, pues no contiene piezas
que puedan ser repardas por el
usuario. Las reparaciones deben
efectuarse únicamente por parte
del personal de mantenimiento
capacitado en la fábrica.
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
How to Use this Manual
Introducing the M2D and M2D-Sub Loudspeakers
1
1
1
CHAPTER 1: Power Requirements
3
AC Power
AC Power Distribution
Power Connector Wiring
Voltage and Current Requirements
M2D Voltage Requirements
M2D Current Requirements
M2D-Sub Voltage Requirements
M2D-Sub Current Requirements
3
3
4
5
5
5
6
6
CHAPTER 2: Amplification and Audio
Audio Input
M2D Interconnections
M2D Amplification
M2D Limiting
M2D Amplifier Cooling System
Optional Fan Assembly Kit
M2D-Sub Interconnections
M2D-Sub Amplification
M2D-Sub Limiting
M2D-Sub Amplifier Cooling System
CHAPTER 3: RMS™ Remote Monitoring System
Understanding the RMS User Panel
Service LED (Red)
Service Button
Wink LED (green)
Reset Button
Acivity LED (Green)
User Interface
CHAPTER 4: Line Arrays and System Integration
How Line Arrays Work
The M2D Line Array
High Frequencies
Mid to Low Frequencies
Adjusting Line Array Coverage
High-Frequency Design Strategies
Low-Frequency Design Strategies
Electronically Driving the Array
High-Frequency Equalization Strategies
Low-Frequency Strategies
Using the M2D-Sub with the M2D
Daisy-Chained
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
11
12
12
13
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
18
19
20
v
Adding a Line Driver
Engaging the Lo-Cut Filter
Using the LD-3
Digital Signal Processors
Using the 650-P with the M2D
CHAPTER 5: System Design and Integration tools
Meyer Sound MAPP Online®
SIM® Measurement System
Source Independent Measurement Technique
Applications
CHAPTER 6: QuickFly® Rigging
MG-2D Multipurpose Grid
MG-1D Multipurpose Grid
APPENDIX A
Troubleshooting
APPENDIX B
M2D Specifications
M2D-Sub Specifications
vi
20
20
21
21
21
23
23
24
24
24
25
25
26
27
27
29
29
31
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
As you read this manual, you’ll find figures and diagrams
to help you understand and visualize what you’re reading.
You’ll also find numerous icons that serve as cues to flag
important information or warn you against improper or
potentially harmful activities. These icons include:
A NOTE identifies an important or useful
piece of information relating to the topic
under discussion.
A TIP offers a helpful tip relevant to the topic
at hand.
A CAUTION gives notice that an action can
have serious consequences and could cause
harm to equipment or personnel, delays, or other
problems.
INTRODUCING THE M2D AND M2D-SUB
LOUDSPEAKERS
As part of Meyer Sound’s M Series, the M2D compact
curvilinear array loudspeaker and M2D-Sub compact
subwoofer bring numerous advantages to mid-sized venues
that require tight vertical pattern control with long throw.
Self-powered, with QuickFly® rigging and Meyer Sound’s
RMS™ remote monitoring system as standard, the M2D
and M2D-Sub loudspeakers can be deployed as a selfcontained system or configured along with other Meyer
Sound loudspeakers in more complex systems.
Figure i.1. M2D compact curvilinear array loudspeaker
The M2D loudspeaker gives you the flexibility to tailor
vertical coverage by varying the number and splay of
cabinets in the array while maintaining a constant 90
degrees of horizontal coverage. For high frequencies, the
M2D loudspeaker utilizes Meyer Sound’s patented REM™
ribbon emulation manifold to couple a single compression
driver with a 1.5-inch exit (4-inch diaphragm) to a horn
with 90-degree constant-directivity horizontal coverage.
(The vertical coverage of the array depends upon the array
length and curvature). The M2D loudspeaker’s mid-low
section comprises two high-power 10-inch drivers with
lightweight neodymium magnet assemblies housed in a
compact, vented trapezoidal enclosure.
In addition, to assure the smoothest response in the critical
midrange, the M2D loudspeaker incorporates a complex
crossover design. At the lowest frequencies, both 10-inch
drivers combine to reproduce powerful, coherent bass,
while in the mid frequencies the crossover feeds only one
of the two drivers. This ingenious technique eliminates
interference between the drivers that would otherwise occur
at shorter wavelengths near the crossover frequencies.
The companion M2D-Sub subwoofer (Figure i.2), designed
specifically to work with the M2D, extends overall system
power bandwidth and frequency range down to 28 Hz.
Operating at a frequency range of 60 Hz to 16 kHz, the
M2D loudspeaker’s compact enclosure (Figure i.1) is
designed specifically for vertical curvilinear arrays of up to
16 cabinets having 0- to 7-degree splay between units in
1-degree increments.
Figure i.2. M2D-Sub compact subwoofer
1
INTRODUCTION
With an operating frequency range of 28 Hz to 160 Hz,
the dual 15-inch M2D-Sub loudspeaker complements the
M2D loudspeaker in reinforcement applications requiring
extended low-frequency headroom.
The M2D-Sub loudspeaker affords 138 dB SPL peak output
capability. It employs two Meyer Sound ferrofluid cooled,
back-vented drivers each featuring a 4-inch voice coil with
a lightweight neodymium magnet structure. Each driver is
rated to handle 1200 AES watts.
NOTE: Power handling is measured under
AES standard conditions: Transducer driven
continuously for two hours with band-limited noise
signal having a 6 dB peak-average ratio.
An integral two-channel class AB/H complementary
MOSFET amplifier provides very high burst capability,
and Intelligent AC performs automatic voltage selection,
allowing the unit to accommodate worldwide mains
voltages without manually setting a voltage switch.
Integral peak and rms limiters featuring Meyer Sound’s
TruPower® limiting technology protect M2D-Sub
components from over-excursion and over-heating while
assuring minimal power compression and maximum peak
headroom.
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers are fitted with
Meyer Sound’s RMS remote monitoring system, allowing
the full range of operating parameters to be monitored
continuously over a network using a Windows® computer.
In addition, both loudspeakers are supported by the Meyer
Sound MAPP Online® multipurpose acoustical prediction
program for easy and accurate system design. The MAPP
Online prediction program allows quick prediction of
coverage, frequency response, impulse response and
maximum output of arrayed loudspeakers, and more.
NOTE: See Chapter 4, “Remote Monitoring
System,” and Chapter 5, “System Design
and Integration Tools,” for more information about
the RMS monitoring system and the MAPP Online
prediction program.
NOTE: Read this entire manual carefully
before configuring and deploying your M2D
and M2D-Sub system. In particular, pay careful
attention to the sections about safety issues.
Information and specifications are applicable as of the date
of this printing. Updates and supplementary information are
posted on the Meyer Sound web site at:
http://www.meyersound.com
You may contact Meyer Sound Technical Support at:
Tel: +1 510 486.1166
Fax: +1 510 486.8356
Email: techsupport@meyersound.com
2
CHAPTER 1
CHAPTER 1: POWER REQUIREMENTS
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers represent advanced
technology with equally advanced power capabilities.
Understanding power distribution, voltage and current
requirements, as well as electrical safety issues, is critical
to their safe operation and deployment.
AC POWER
� ��������
The M2D and M2D-Sub ���
loudspeakers
use a PowerCon®
3-pole AC mains system with locking connectors to
prevent accidental disconnection or a multipin VEAM™
male power connector (Figures 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3).
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CAUTION: Ensure that you select the
correct power plug for the AC power in the
area in which you use your loudspeaker.
When AC power is applied to the M2D or M2D-Sub
loudspeaker, the Intelligent AC power supply automatically
selects the correct operating voltage, allowing the
loudspeakers to be used internationally without manually
setting voltage switches. The Intelligent AC supply
performs the following protective functions to compensate
for hostile conditions on the AC mains:
 Suppresses high-voltage transients up to several
kilovolts
�������
 Filters common mode and difference mode radio
frequencies (EMI)
 Sustains operation temporarily during low-voltage
periods
PowerCon connector
WARNINGS:
THIS PRODUCT MUST BE GROUNDED
Figure 1.1. M2D user panel with PowerCon connector
PowerCon connector
This surface may reach high tempuratures white in use.
To ensure proper operation, allow at least 6 inches
clearance from this surface and adequate ventilation.
To reduce the risk of electric shock do not remove cover.
No operator or serviceable parts inside.
Refer servicing to qualified personnel.
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock
do not expose this appliance to rain or moisture.
ATENCI”N:
ACCESO INTERNO SOLO
AUTHORIZADO A PERSONAL T…CNICO CALIFICO
ACHTUNG: GEH�USE NICHT OFFENE WARTUNG
UND REPARATUR NUR DURCH ELEKTROF�CHKRAFTE
ATTENTION: ENTRETIENET REPARATIONS
INTERNES NE SONT AUTORISEES QU'AU
PERSONNEL TECHNIQUE QUALIFI…
U.K. WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED.
NO OPERATOR SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
Auto-Voltage Select
95-125V ~
208-235V~
50-60Hz
50-60Hz
1400W RMS MAX 1400W RMS MAX
Ac
tiv
ity
W
ink
Re
se
t
Se
rvic
e
Operational Voltage Range:
Turn on 85V~ Turn off 134V~
Turn on 165V~ Turn off 264V~
Meyer Sound, Berkeley, CA USA
 Provides soft-start power-up, which eliminates high
inrush current
AC Power Distribution
All amplifier modules and directly associated audio
equipment (mixing consoles, processors, etc.) must
be connected to the AC power distribution in a proper
manner, preserving AC line polarity and connecting earth
ground such that all grounding points are connected to a
single node or common point using the same cable gauge
as the neutral and line(s) cable(s).
Improper grounding connections between loudspeakers
and the rest of the audio system may produce noise, hum
and/or serious damage to the input/output stages in the
system’s electronic equipment.
Figure 1.2. M2D-Sub user panel with PowerCon connector
line (brown)
CAUTION: Before applying AC to any
Meyer Sound self-powered loudspeaker, be
sure that the voltage potential difference between
neutral and earth ground is less than 5 volts AC.
ground (green/yellow)
neutral (blue)
Figure 1.3. Optional VEAM multipin connector power pin-out
3
CHAPTER 1
Figure 1.4 shows a sample three-phase AC distribution
system, with the load between loudspeakers distributed
among the three phases and all of the loudspeakers
connected to common neutral and earth ground points.
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Figure 1.4. A sample AC power distribution block diagram
CAUTION: Continuous voltages higher than
265 volts can damage the unit.
TIP: Since M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers
do not require a dedicated Neutral, and can
tolerate elevated voltages from ground, they can
be connected between line-line terminals in a 120
volts 3-phase Wye system. This results in 208 volts
AC betweens lines (nominal) and will therefore draw
less current for the same output power compared
to operating the loudspeaker from 120 volts AC
(line- neutral). Make sure that the voltage remains
within the recommend operating window. The
ground terminal must always be used for safety and
the line-to-ground voltage should never exceed 250
volts AC (typically there will be 120 volts AC from
line to ground in the above example).
Figure 1.5. VIM-3 (top) and VIM-4 (bottom) modules
Use the AC cable wiring diagram below (Figure 1.6) to create international or special-purpose power connectors:
Power Connector Wiring
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers require a grounded
outlet. It is very important that the system be properly
grounded in order to operate safely and properly.
Figure 1.6. AC cable color code
If your M2D or M2D-Sub loudspeaker is fitted with the
VEAM multipin connector, see the Meyer Sound document
VEAM Cable Wiring Reference (part number 06.033.113)
for the wiring conventions and pin-outs for AC, audio, and
RMS connections.
 Connect the blue wire to the terminal marked with an N
or colored black.
Meyer Sound offers two VIMs (VEAM interface module)
for simple, all-in-one RMS, audio and power distribution
using VEAM multi-conductor cables. As shown in Figure
1.5, the VIM-4 module consists of four VEAM connectors
and 8-amp breakers for the M2D loudspeaker; the VIM3 consists of three VEAM connectors and 10-amp
breakers for the higher-current M2D-Sub loudspeaker.
Both modules feature a single-phase IEC309 32-amp rear
connector.
4
If the colors referred to in the diagrams don’t correspond to
the terminals in your plug, use the following guidelines:
 Connect the brown wire to the terminal marked with an
L or colored red.
 Connect the green and yellow wire to the terminal
marked with an E or colored green or green and yellow.
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers use different
amplifiers to accommodate power requirements for their
drivers, hence they have different voltage and current
requirements. The M2D uses a UX-M2D amplifier while the
M2D-Sub uses an HP-2/M2D-Sub amplifier.
CHAPTER 1
VOLTAGE AND CURRENT REQUIREMENTS
M2D Current Requirements
M2D Voltage Requirements
Each M2D loudspeaker requires approximately 3 A rms max
at 115 volts AC for proper operation. This allows up to five
M2D loudspeaksers to be powered from one 15 A breaker.
The M2D loudspeaker operates safely and without audio
discontinuity if the AC voltage stays within the operating
window of 90 to 265 volts AC, at 50 to 60 Hz.
The M2D can withstand continuous voltages up to 265
Volts and allows any combination of voltage to GND (that is
neutral-line-ground or line-line-ground).
CAUTION: Continuous voltages higher than
265 volts may damage your M2D.
After applying AC power, the system is muted while the
circuitry charges up and stabilizes. During the next two
seconds the following events occur:
1. The power supply fan turns on.
2. The main power supply slowly ramps on.
3. The green On/Temp LED on the User Panel lights up,
indicating that the system is enabled and ready to pass
audio signals.
CAUTION: If the On/Temp LED does not
illuminate or the system does not respond
to audio input after ten seconds, remove AC power
immediately. Verify that the voltage is within the
proper range. If the problem persists, please contact
Meyer Sound or an authorized service center.
If voltage drops below the low boundary of its safe
operating range (brownout), the M2D loudspeaker
uses stored energy to continue functioning briefly, and
shuts down only if voltage does not rise above the low
boundary before storage circuits are depleted. How long
the loudspeaker will continue to function during brownout
depends on the amount of voltage drop and the audio
source level during the drop.
If the voltage increases above the upper boundary, the unit
may be damaged.
NOTE: It is recommended that the supply be
operated in its rated voltage window at least
a few volts away from the turn on/off points. This
ensures that AC voltage variations from the service
entry, or peak voltage drops due to cable runs, do not
cause the amplifier to cycle on and off. It also keeps
high voltage from damaging the power supply.
The M2D loudspeaker presents a dynamic load to the AC
mains, which causes the amount of current to fluctuate
between quiet and loud operating levels. Since different
cables and circuit breakers heat up at varying rates, it is
essential to understand the types of current ratings and how
they correspond to circuit breaker and cable specifications.
The maximum long-term continuous current is the maximum
rms current during a period of at least ten seconds. It is
used to calculate the temperature increase in cables, in
order to select a cable size and gauge that conforms to
electrical code standards. It is also used to select the rating
for slow-reacting thermal breakers.
The burst current is the maximum rms current during a
period of approximately one second, used to select the
rating for most magnetic breakers and to calculate the peak
voltage drop in long AC cables according to the formula:
V pk (drop)= I pk x R (cable total).
The ultimate short-term peak current is used to select the
rating for fast-reacting magnetic breakers.
Use Table 1.1 below as a guide when selecting cable gauge
size and circuit breaker ratings for your operating voltage.
Table 1.1: M2D Current Ratings
Current Draw
115 V AC
230 V AC
100 V AC
Max. long-term
continuous
3.1 A rms
1.6 A rms
3.6 A rms
Burst current
3.2 A rms
1.6 A rms
3.7 A rms
Ultimate shortterm peak
5.8 A pk
2.9 A pk
6.7 A pk
Idle current
0.35 A rms
0.35 A rms
0.35 A rms
NOTE: For best performance, the AC cable
voltage drop should not exceed 10 volts, or
10 percent at 115 volts and 5 percent at 230 volts.
Make sure that even with the AC voltage drop the
AC voltage always stays in the operating windows.
The minimum electrical service amperage required by an
M2D system is the sum of each loudspeaker’s maximum
continuous rms current. An additional 30 percent above
the minimum amperage is recommended to prevent peak
voltage drops at the service entry.
5
CHAPTER 1
M2D-Sub Voltage Requirements
The M2D-Sub loudspeaker operates safely and without
audio discontinuity if the AC voltage stays within either of
two operating windows at 50 or 60 Hz:
 85 to 134 volts
If the M2D-Sub loudspeaker shuts down due to either low
or high voltage, its power supply automatically turns on
after three seconds if the voltage has returned to either
normal operating window. If the M2D-Sub does not turn
back on after ten seconds, remove AC power immediately
(see previous Caution).
 165 to 264 volts
CAUTION: Continuous voltages higher than
264 volts can damage the unit.
After applying AC power, the proper operating voltage is
automatically selected, but the system is muted. During the
next three seconds the following events occur:
1. The primary fan turns on.
NOTE: It is recommended that the supply
be operated in the rated voltage windows at
least a few volts away from the turn on/off points.
This ensures that that AC voltage variations from the
service entry – or peak voltage drops due to cable
runs – do not cause the amplifier to cycle on and off.
M2D-Sub Current Requirements
3. The green Active LED on the User Panel lights up,
indicating that the system is enabled and ready to pass
audio signals.
The M2D-Sub loudspeaker presents a dynamic load to the
AC mains, which causes the amount of current to fluctuate
between quiet and loud operating levels. Since different
cables and circuit breakers heat up at varying rates, it is
essential to understand the types of current ratings and how
they correspond to circuit breaker and cable specifications.
CAUTION: If the Active LED does not
illuminate or the system does not respond
to audio input after ten seconds, remove AC power
immediately. Verify that the voltage is within the
proper range. If the problem persists, please contact
Meyer Sound or an authorized service center.
The maximum long-term continuous current is the maximum
rms current during a period of at least ten seconds. It is
used to calculate the temperature increase in cables, in
order to select a cable size and gauge that conforms to
electrical code standards. It is also used to select the rating
for slow-reacting thermal breakers.
2. The main power supply slowly ramps on.
If voltage drops below the low boundary of either safe
operating range (brownout), the M2D-Sub loudspeaker uses
stored energy to continue functioning briefly, and shuts
down only if voltage does not rise above the low boundary
before the M2D-Sub loudspeaker’s storage circuits are
depleted. How long the loudspeaker will continue to
function during brownout depends on the amount of voltage
drop and the audio source level during the drop.
If the voltage increases above the upper boundary of
either range, the power supply rapidly turns off, preventing
damage to the unit.
NOTE: If voltage fluctuates within either
operating range, automatic tap selection
stabilizes the internal operating voltage. This tap
selection is instantaneous, and there are no audible
artifacts.
6
The burst current is the maximum rms current during a
period of approximately one second, used to select the
rating for most magnetic breakers and to calculate the peak
voltage drop in long AC cables according to the formula:
V pk (drop)= I pk x R (cable total).
The ultimate short-term peak current is used to select the
rating for fast-reacting magnetic breakers.
Use Table 1.2 below as a guide when selecting cable gauge
size and circuit breaker ratings for your operating voltage.
Table 1.2. M2D-Sub Current Ratings
Current Draw
115 V AC
230 V AC
100 V AC
Max. long-term
continuous
8.8 A rms
4.4 A rms
10 A rms
Burst current
19 A rms
9.5 A rms
22 A rms
Ultimate shortterm peak
39 A pk
20 A pk
45 A pk
Idle current
1.2 A rms
0.6 A rms
1.3 A rms
CHAPTER 1
NOTE: For best performance, the AC cable
voltage drop should not exceed 10 volts, or
10 percent at 115 volts and 5 percent at 230 volts.
Make sure that even with the AC voltage drop the
AC voltage always stays in the operating windows.
The minimum electrical service amperage required by
the M2D-Sub system is the sum of each loudspeaker’s
maximum continuous rms current. An additional 30 percent
above the minimum amperage is recommended to prevent
peak voltage drops at the service entry.
CAUTION: In the unlikely event that the
circuit breakers trip (the white center buttons
pop out), disconnect the AC power cable. Do not
reset the breakers with the AC connected. Contact
Meyer Sound for repair information.
CAUTION: The M2D and M2-Sub
loudspeakers require a ground connection.
Always use a grounded outlet and plug.
7
CHAPTER 1
8
CHAPTER 2
CHAPTER 2: AMPLIFICATION AND AUDIO
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers use sophisticated
amplification and protection circuitry to produce
consistent and predictable results in any system design.
This chapter will help you understand and harness the
power of the M2D and M2D-Sub amplifier and audio
systems.
The rear panels of the M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers
(Figures 2.1 and 2.2) provide AC connection, audio input,
loop out and an interface to the RMS communications
module.
AUDIO INPUT
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers present a 10 kOhm
balanced input impedance to a three-pin XLR connector
with the following connectors:
 Pin 1 — 220 kOhm to chassis and earth ground (ESD
clamped)
 Pin 2 — Signal ( + )
 Pin 3 — Signal ( - )
 Case — Earth (AC) ground and chassis
Pins 2 and 3 carry the input as a differential signal; pin
2 is hot relative to pin 3, resulting in a positive pressure
wave when a positive signal is applied to pin 2. Pin 1 is
connected to earth through a 220 kOhm, 1000 pF, 15 V
clamp network. This ingenious circuit provides virtual
ground lift for audio frequencies, while allowing unwanted
signals to bleed to ground.
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Use standard audio cables with XLR connectors for
balanced signal sources. Make sure that pin 1 (shield) is
always connected on both ends of the cable. Telescoping
grounding schemes are not recommended.
CAUTION: Ensure that all cabling carrying
signals to M2D or M2D-Sub loudspeakers
in an array is wired correctly: Pin 1 to Pin 1, Pin 2
to Pin 2, and so forth, to prevent the polarity from
being reversed. Any number of loudspeakers —
even one in the array — with reversed polarity will
result in severe degradation in frequency response
and coverage.
Figure 2.1. The user panel of the M2D loudspeaker
WARNINGS:
THIS PRODUCT MUST BE GROUNDED
This surface may reach high tempuratures white in use.
To ensure proper operation, allow at least 6 inches
clearance from this surface and adequate ventilation.
To reduce the risk of electric shock do not remove cover.
No operator or serviceable parts inside.
Refer servicing to qualified personnel.
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock
do not expose this appliance to rain or moisture.
ATENCI”N:
Audio signals can be daisy-chained using the loop output
connector on the user panel (Figure 2.3). A single source
can drive multiple M2D or M2D-Sub loudspeakers with a
paralleled input loop, creating an unbuffered hard-wired
loop connection.
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ATTENTION: ENTRETIENET REPARATIONS
INTERNES NE SONT AUTORISEES QU'AU
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PERSONNEL TECHNIQUE QUALIFI…
U.K. WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED.
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REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
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Figure 2.3. M2D and M2D-Sub user panel audio input connectors
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Operational Voltage Range:
Turn on 85V~ Turn off 134V~
Turn on 165V~ Turn off 264V~
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Figure 2.2. The user panel of the M2D-Sub loudspeaker
9
Re
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Auto-Voltage Select
95-125V ~
208-235V~
50-60Hz
50-60Hz
1400W RMS MAX 1400W RMS MAX
CHAPTER 2
When driving multiple loudspeakers in an array, make
certain that the source device can drive the total load
impedance presented by the paralleled input circuit of the
array. The audio source must be capable of producing
a minimum of 20 dB volts (10 volts rms into 600 ohms)
in order to produce the maximum peak SPL over the
operating bandwidth of the loudspeaker.
To avoid distortion from the source, make sure the source
equipment provides an adequate drive circuit design
for the total paralleled load impedance presented by
the array. The input impedance for a single loudspeaker
is 10 kOhms: if n represents the number of M2D/M2DSub loudspeakers in an array, paralleling the inputs of n
loudspeakers will produce a balanced input load of 10
kOhms divided by n.
NOTE: Most source equipment is safe for
driving loads no smaller than 10 times the
source’s output impedance.
For example, cascading an array of 10 units consisting of
M2D and/or M2D-Sub loudspeakers produces an input
impedance of 1000 ohms (10 kOhms divided by 10). The
source equipment should have an output impedance of
100 ohms or less. This is also true when connecting M2D/
M2D-Subs in parallel (loop out) with other self-powered
Meyer Sound loudspeakers.
CAUTION: Shorting an input connector pin
to the case can form a ground loop and
cause hum.
TIP: If abnormal noises such as hiss and
popping are produced by the loudspeaker,
disconnect the audio cable from the loudspeaker.
If the noise stops, then most likely the problem
is not with the loudspeaker. Check the audio
cable, source, and AC power for the source of the
problem.
M2D INTERCONNECTIONS
For the low and low-mid frequencies, the M2D utilizes
two 4-ohm, 10-inch cone drivers featuring lightweight
neodymium magnet structures.
A complex passive network connected between the
amplifier and the drivers is used to ensure smooth
response in the critical midrange. At the lowest
frequencies, the two high-power, back-vented cone
drivers combine to reproduce coherent low frequencies.
In the mid frequencies, the passive network feeds only
10
one of the two drivers while correcting the phase shift at
low frequencies for proper addition with the other driver.
This technique eliminates interference between the highfrequency and low-frequency drivers that would otherwise
occur near the crossover frequency, and maintains optimal
polar and frequency response characteristics.
To reproduce high frequencies, the M2D employs Meyer
Sound's patented REM ribbon emulation manifold to
couple a constant-directivity horn to a compression driver
with a 1.5-inch exit (4-inch diaphragm). REM controls the
output of the driver and introduces it to the horn throat
within a three-inch path length, dramatically minimizing
distortion. This unique horn design produces a coherent
wave front that is characteristic of, but much more
powerful than, a large ribbon driver.
CAUTION: All Meyer Sound loudspeakers
are shipped with the drivers in correct
alignment. However, if a driver needs to be
replaced, make sure the replacement is reinstalled
with the correct polarity. Incorrect driver polarity
impairs the system performance and may damage
the drivers.
M2D AMPLIFICATION
All three drivers in the M2D are powered by a two-channel
proprietary Meyer Sound UX-M2D amplifier utilizing
complementary MOSFET output stages (class AB/bridged)
capable of delivering 700 watts total. The amplifier
employs electronic crossover, phase, and frequency
response correction filters – as well as protection circuitry
– to process the audio signal. All the specific functions
for the M2D are determined by the control card installed
inside the amplifier; one channel of the amplifier drives the
low and low-mid section of the M2D through the passive
network while the other channel drives the high frequency
section.
M2D LIMITING
Each channel of the amplifier has limiters that prevent
driver over-excursion and regulate the temperature of the
voice coil. Limiter activity for the high and low channels is
indicated by two yellow Limit LEDs on the rear panel (the
high-frequency limit LED is the top and the low-frequency
limit LED is the bottom, as shown in Figure 2.4).
CHAPTER 2
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high-frequency
LED (yellow)
low-frequency
LED (yellow)
Figure 2.4. The M2D loudspeaker’s limit LED indicators
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If the limit LEDs are on for no longer than
two seconds,
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and off for at least one second, the M2D loudspeaker
is performing within its acoustical specifications and
operating at a normal temperature. If either LED remains
on for longer than three seconds, this indicates that the
particular channel is incurring hard limiting that can result
in the following negative consequences:
Optional Fan Assembly Kit
While convection cooling is adequate for most
applications, in situations where the M2D loudspeaker is
driven into continuous limiting under severe temperature
conditions, or where ventilation is restricted, installation
of an optional fan kit is recommended to maintain a safe
operating temperature.
The easy-to-install fan, powered through the 24 V fan
connector on the M2D loudspeaker’s user panel, blows
air directly onto the heatsink. The fan speed increases as
the heatsink temperature rises, which maintains a safe
operating temperature with minimal fan noise. Contact
Meyer Sound to order the fan kit.
 Increasing the input level will not increase the volume.
 The system distorts due to clipping and nonlinear
driver operation.
 Unequal limiting between the low and high frequency
drivers can alter the frequency response.
 The lifespan of the drivers is reduced because they are
subjected to excessive heat.
While the limiters protect the system under overload
conditions and exhibit smooth sonic characteristics, it
is recommended that you do not drive the M2D into
continuous limiting.
NOTE: The limit LEDs indicate when the
safe power level is exceeded. If an entire
system of M2Ds begins to limit before reaching the
required SPL, you should consider adding more
loudspeakers to the array.
The limiters cease operation when the level in the channel
returns to normal. Limiters have no effect on the signal
when the LED is inactive.
M2D AMPLIFIER COOLING SYSTEM
The M2D loudspeaker employs a natural convection
cooling system. A large aluminum heatsink is cooled by
the air flowing over its fins.
If the temperature of the heatsink reaches 85°C (185°F),
the On/Temp LED on the rear panel turns from green (On)
to red (Temp) and the limiter threshold is lowered to a
safe level to prevent the system from overheating. Under
high temperature conditions the maximum output level is
reduced 6 dB. When the heatsink temperature decreases
to 75°C (167°F), the On/Temp LED changes from red to
green and the limiter threshold returns to normal.
Power Supply Fan
The power supply is cooled by a single small internal fan
operates on low speed when the unit is first powered
up. The fan increases speed as the system is driven
with audio. Since the fan draws air in from and exhausts
through the back of the cabinet, there must be at least
6 inches of clearance behind the cabinet to allow an
adequate air flow.
M2D-SUB INTERCONNECTIONS
The M2D-Sub loudspeaker utilizes two 4-ohm, 15-inch
cone drivers. These drivers feature lightweight neodymium
magnet structures. Each channel of the amplifier drives
one low frequency driver.
CAUTION: All Meyer Sound loudspeakers
are shipped with the drivers in correct
alignment. However, if a driver needs to be
replaced, make sure the replacement is reinstalled
with the correct polarity. Incorrect driver polarity
impairs the system performance and may damage
the drivers.
11
CHAPTER 2
M2D-SUB AMPLIFICATION
The M2D-Sub loudspeaker is powered by the Meyer
Sound HP-2/M2D-Sub amplifier, a high-power twochannel amplifier. The amplifier utilizes complementary
MOSFET output stages (class AB/H) capable of delivering
2250 watts total. All the specific functions for the M2DSub loudspeaker such as crossover points, frequency and
phase response, and driver protection are determined by
the control card installed inside the amplifier.
M2D-SUB LIMITING
The M2D-Sub loudspeaker uses Meyer Sound’s advanced
TruPower limiting system.
Conventional limiters assume a constant loudspeaker
impedance and therefore set the limiting threshold
by measuring voltage only. However, this method is
inaccurate, because the driver's impedance changes in
response to the frequency content of the source material
and thermal variations in the driver's voice coil and
magnet. Consequently, conventional limiters begin limiting
prematurely, which under-utilizes system headroom and
lessens the driver's dynamic range.
In contrast, TruPower limiting accounts for varying driver
impedance by measuring current, in addition to voltage,
to compute the actual power dissipation in the voice coil.
TruPower limiting improves performance before and during
limiting by allowing each driver to produce maximum SPL
across its entire frequency range. In addition, TruPower
limiting eliminates power compression when the system
is operated at high levels for extended periods, and also
extends the driver life cycle by controlling voice coil
temperatures.
The actual power is monitored for each of the two
amplifier channels. When the safe continuous power
level is exceeded in any channel, the TruPower limiter
controlling both amplifier channels engages. Limiting
activity is indicated by the Sub Limit LED on the user
panel (Figure 2.5).
then go off for at least one second. If the LED remains
on for longer than three seconds, this indicates that the
amplifier is incurring hard limiting that can result in the
following negative consequences:
 Increasing the input level will not increase the volume.
 The system distorts due to clipping and nonlinear
driver operation.
 The lifespan of the drivers is reduced because they are
subjected to excessive heat
Each low-frequency driver is driven by a separate amplifier
channel but is routed to one limiter; the Sub Limit LED on
the user panel indicates TruPower limiting activity for the
drivers. The Sub Limit LED indicates when the safe power
level is exceeded (Figure 2.5).
CAUTION: While the limiters protect
the system under overload conditions
and exhibit smooth sonic characteristics; we
recommend that you do not drive the M2D-Sub
loudspeaker into continuous limiting. If an entire
system of M2D-Sub loudspeakers begins to limit
before reaching the required sound pressure
level, you should consider adding more M2D-Sub
loudspeakers to the system.
M2D-Sub Excursion Clamp
The drivers in the M2D-Sub are protected by an excursion
clamping circuit that provides instantaneous braking
for the drivers without the pumping effects commonly
produced by compressor/limiters.
The circuit uses sophisticated filters to minimize the
distortion normally caused by clamping and clipping. As
the
M2D-Sub’s input signal is increased past the clamping
WARNINGS:
point
each MUST
frequency,
the output signal remains at a
THIS at
PRODUCT
BE GROUNDED
This surface may reach high tempuratures white in use.
fixed
level for that frequency, protecting the drivers and
To ensure proper operation, allow at least 6 inches
clearance from this surface and adequate ventilation.
minimizing
negative sonic effects. The Exc.Clamp LED,
To reduce the risk of electric shock do not remove cover.
No operator or serviceable parts inside.
shown
in
Figure
2.5, illuminates when the maximum
Refer servicing to qualified personnel.
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock
allowed
peak
voltage
at each frequency is reached.
do not expose this appliance to rain or moisture.
This
circuit
works
for
all
frequencies, not just very low
ATENCI”N: ACCESO INTERNO SOLO
AUTHORIZADO A PERSONAL
T…CNICO
CALIFICO
frequencies
where
the
drivers are more vulnerable to
ACHTUNG: GEH�USE NICHT OFFENE WARTUNG
overexcursion.
UND REPARATUR NUR DURCH ELEKTROF�CHKRAFTE
ATTENTION:
ENTRETIENET REPARATIONS
The
limiters
cease operation when the power level in the
INTERNES NE SONT AUTORISEES QU'AU
PERSONNEL TECHNIQUE QUALIFI…
channel
returns to normal. Limiters have no effect on the
U.K. WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED.
signal
when the LED is inactive
NO OPERATOR SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
Auto-Voltage Select
95-125V ~
208-235V~
50-60Hz
50-60Hz
1400W RMS MAX 1400W RMS MAX
Figure 2.5. The M2D-Sub’s LED indicators
Operational Voltage Range:
Turn on 85V~ Turn off 134V~
Turn on 165V~ Turn off 264V~
Ac
tiv
ity
W
ink
Re
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t
Se
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The M2D-Sub loudspeaker performs within its acoustical
specifications and operates at a normal temperature if the
Sub Limit LED is lit for no longer than two seconds, and
Meyer Sound, Berkeley, CA USA
12
CHAPTER 2
M2D-SUB AMPLIFIER COOLING SYSTEM
The M2D-Sub loudspeaker uses a forced-air cooling
system with two fans to prevent the amplifier module
from overheating. The fans draw air in through ducts
on the front of the cabinet, over the heatsink, and out
the rear of the cabinet (Figure 2.6). Because dust does
not accumulate in the amplifier circuitry, its lifespan is
increased significantly. The front grille helps to filter the air
and should always be in place during operation.
The variable-speed primary fan runs continuously and is
inaudible at its slowest speed. The primary fan's speed
increases when the heatsink reaches 42˚ C (108° F). The
fan reaches full speed at 62˚ C (144° F) and is still barely
audible near the cabinet, even without an audio signal.
In the event that the heatsink temperature reaches 74˚ C
(165° F), the secondary fan turns on and is clearly audible
without an audio signal. The secondary fan turns on in
response to:
 Primary fan failure (check status immediately)
 Very high signal levels over a prolonged period
 Accumulation of dust along the cooling path
The secondary fan turns off when the temperature
decreases to 68˚ C (154° F).
NOTE: In the highly unlikely event that
the secondary fan does not keep the
temperature below 85˚ C (185° F), the M2DSub automatically shuts down until AC power is
removed and reapplied. If the M2D-Sub shuts
down again after cooling and reapplying AC power,
contact Meyer Sound for repair information.
Figure 2.6. Airflow through the M2D-Sub
CAUTION: When operating a weatherprotected M2D-Sub loudspeaker always
be sure the rain hood is fully open. Leaving the
hood closed or partially open will limit the airflow
through the amplifier, which could cause it to
overheat and shut down.
Despite the M2D-Sub loudspeaker's filtering, extensive
use or a dusty operating environment can allow dust
to accumulate along the path of the airflow, preventing
normal cooling. To prevent this, you should periodically
remove the grille frame and amplifier module and use
compressed air to clear dust from the grille, fans, and
heatsinks. Make sure that the air ducts are clear.
CAUTION: Be sure to unplug power to the
unit before cleaning the amplifier.
13
CHAPTER 2
14
CHAPTER 3
CHAPTER 3: RMS REMOTE MONITORING SYSTEM
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers are fitted standard
with an RMS communication module installed in the rear of
the loudspeaker. The RMS real-time networked monitoring
system connects Meyer Sound self-powered loudspeakers
with a Windows-based PC at the sound mix position or
other remote location. Optional RMS software delivers
extensive status and system performance data directly to
you from every installed loudspeaker.
This information is permanently retained on each RMS
communication module and in the RMS database unless you modify it. Speaker Titles can be modified at any
time, allowing you to customize how you view the data.
In addition, any M2D or M2D-Sub loudspeaker can be
physically identified from RMS software by activating
the Wink function – a Wink LED will illuminate the RMS
communication module that corresponds to its Node Name.
RMS allows you to monitor amplifier voltages, limiting
activity, power output, temperature, fan and driver status,
warning alerts, and other key data; data is updated two to
five times per second.
M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers are identified using the
RMS software by activating the “service” function; an icon
will show up on the RMS screen corresponding to its Node
Name (Figure 3.2). This makes verifying Speaker Titles and
speaker field labels easy, using the Wink or Service Button
commands.
NOTE: Optional Speaker Mute and Solo
functions, helpful for acoustic setup or
troubleshooting, are also available. An internal
jumper must be installed in the RMS communication
module in order to enable Mute and/or Solo
functionality; the software also needs to be enabled
for these functions.
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers are shipped
with these functions disabled. Once enabled,
the jumper(s) can still be removed to eliminate
any chance of an operator error (a muting error,
for example) during a performance, and both
functions can be controlled by software commands
in any case. Also note that RMS does not control
loudspeaker volume or AC power.
Loudspeakers are identified on the network by Node Names
assigned during a one-time “commission” (Figure 3.1) into
the RMS database that resides on your computer (as a part
of the software).
Figure 3.2. RMS loudspeaker icons
UNDERSTANDING THE RMS USER PANEL
The RMS section of the user panel has three LEDs and two
buttons (Figure 3.3).
Figure 3.3. RMS section of the user panel
The following sections describe their functions.
Service LED (Red)
When blinking once every two seconds, the Service LED
indicates that the network hardware is operational, but the
loudspeaker is not installed (commissioned) on the network.
When a loudspeaker has been installed on the network
the Service LED will be unlit and the Activity LED will flash
continuously.
Figure 3.1. Commissioning a loudspeaker using RMS
NOTE: When continuously lit, the Service
LED indicates that the loudspeaker has had
a local RMS hardware failure. In this case, the RMS
communication module may be damaged and you
should contact Meyer Sound Technical support.
15
CHAPTER 3
Service Button
USER INTERFACE
Pressing the Service button will display an icon on the
corresponding loudspeaker display icon on the RMS
screen. When used in combination with the Reset button,
the communications module will be decommissioned from
the network and the red Service LED will blink.
The optional RMS software features an intuitive, graphical
user interface. As mentioned earlier, each loudspeaker
appears on your computer monitor as a “view” in the form
of a status icon, bar graph meter, or text meter (numerical
values), depending on your preferences.
Wink LED (green)
When lit, the Wink LED indicates that an ID signal
has been sent from the host station computer to the
loudspeaker. This is accomplished using the Wink button
on the loudspeaker Icon, Meter or Text views in the RMS
monitoring program.
Reset Button
Pressing the Reset button will cause the firmware code
within the RMS card to reboot. However, the commissioning
state of the communications module will not change (this
is stored in flash memory). When used in combination with
the Service button, the communications module will be
decommissioned from the network and the red
Service LED will blink.
Each view contains loudspeaker identification information
and data from the amplifier, controller, drivers and power
supply of that particular unit. System status conditions
cause changes in icon and bar graph indicators, alerting
the operator to faults or excessive levels. The views are
moveable and are typically arranged on the screen to reflect
the physical layout of the loudspeakers. You can design a
screen “panel” of icons or meters, as shown in Figure 3.4,
and save it on your hard disk, with the panel conveniently
named for a unique arrangement or performer.
If the loudspeaker installation pattern changes completely,
a new screen panel can be built. If a different subset of
already installed loudspeakers will be used for a subsequent
show, only selected loudspeakers need to appear on the
monitoring screen for that performance.
Acivity LED (Green)
When the loudspeaker has been commissioned
the Activity LED will flash continuously. When
the Activity LED is unlit the loudspeaker has not
been installed on the network.
NOTE: The LEDs and buttons on
the RMS section of the user panel
shown in Figure 3.3 are used exclusively by
RMS, and have no effect on the acoustical
and/or electrical activity of the M2D/M2DSub loudspeaker itself – unless Mute or Solo
is enabled at the module and from the RMS
software.
Figure 3.4. Sample RMS display panel
NOTE: For more information on RMS, please
refer to the RMS User Guide included with
the software.
16
CHAPTER 4
CHAPTER 4: LINE ARRAYS AND SYSTEM INTEGRATION
A line array, in the most basic sense, is a group of closely
spaced loudspeakers arrayed in a straight line, operating
with equal amplitude and in phase. Although line arrays
have been used since the 1950s, line array systems that
provide full bandwidth directivity are relatively new to the
sound reinforcement industry.
HOW LINE ARRAYS WORK
Line arrays achieve directivity through constructive and
destructive interference. For example, consider one
loudspeaker with a single 12-inch cone radiator in an
enclosure. We know from experience that this loudspeaker’s
directivity varies with frequency: at low frequencies it is
omnidirectional; as the frequency increases (wavelength
grows shorter), directivity narrows. Above about 2 kHz, it
becomes too beamy for most applications, which is why
practical system designs employ crossovers and multiple
elements to achieve directivity across the audio band.
Stacking two of these loudspeakers one atop the other
and driving both with the same signal results in a different
radiation pattern. At common points on-axis, there is
constructive interference, and sound pressure increases by
6 dB relative to a single unit. At other points off-axis, path
length differences produce cancellation, resulting in a lower
sound pressure level. In fact, if you drive both units with
a sine wave, there will be points where the cancellation is
complete, which can be shown in an anechoic chamber.
This is destructive interference, sometimes referred to as
combing.
A typical line array comprises a line of loudspeakers
carefully spaced so that constructive interference occurs
on-axis of the array, and destructive interference (combing)
is aimed to the sides. While combing has traditionally been
considered undesirable, line arrays use combing to positive
effect: Without combing, there would be no directivity.
THE M2D LINE ARRAY
The M2D loudspeaker employs a unique combination
of drivers to enable you to optimize both coverage and
directivity in an M2D system. To achieve optimal results, it’s
critical to understand how these components work together.
M2D loudspeaker’s REM technology provides very narrow
coverage in order to:
 Minimize destructive interference between adjacent
elements
 Maximize coupling to throw longer distances
As more and more elements are arrayed in a vertical
column, they throw mid- and high-frequency energy more
effectively through coupling. The amount of energy can then
be controlled using the relative splay between the elements.
Gently curving a line array (no more than 7 degrees of
splay between cabinets) can aid in covering a broader
vertical area, while narrow angles provide a longer throw
and coverage that more closely matches that of the low
frequencies.
NOTE: Radically curving a line array
introduces problems. While a drastic angle
can spread high frequencies over a larger area, low
frequencies remain directional (the curvature change
is trivial at long wavelengths), resulting in uneven
coverage. In addition, a vertically narrow highfrequency pattern combined with large angles can
produce hot spots and areas of poor high-frequency
coverage.
Mid to Low Frequencies
For the mid to low frequencies, array elements must be
coupled together to narrow their vertical coverage and
throw mid and low energy to the far field. As frequencies get
lower and wavelengths get longer, the splay angle between
cabinets has little effect. The number of array elements,
however, is important: the more M2D loudspeakers used,
the narrower the vertical beamwidth becomes.
Adjusting Line Array Coverage
Regardless of the needs of your system design, fine-tuning
coverage for a single M2D array will be dependent on three
factors:
High Frequencies
 Number of Array Elements. Determining the number
of elements to use is critical: Too few elements can
drastically affect the uniformity of coverage of both SPL
and frequency.
For high frequencies, the M2D loudspeaker provides a
consistent beamwidth of coverage in both the vertical and
horizontal planes. In the horizontal pattern of the array, the
M2D loudspeaker’s horn works just as any wave guide does
to produce wide coverage; in the vertical, however, the
 Vertical Splay Angles. Changing the splay angles
between array elements has a significant impact on
vertical coverage, with the result that narrower vertical
splay angles produce a higher Q vertical beamwidth,
while wider splay lowers the Q at high frequencies.
17
CHAPTER 4
 Horizontal Coverage. Horizontal coverage for a single
array can be considered constant regardless of the
number of array elements or the angles between them.
TIP: The angle between two or more
line arrays can also be changed to meet
additional design requirements (for example, wall
reflections).
Given these factors, designing and deploying a line array
system will typically have the following objectives:
 Even horizontal and vertical coverage
 Uniform SPL
 Uniform frequency response
 Sufficient SPL for the application
With two different technologies (low-frequency line array
and high-frequency wave guide) built into each M2D
cabinet, achieving these goals becomes a multi-step
process, with different strategies for the lower and higher
frequencies for long throws and short throws.
NOTE: THE Meyer Sound MAPP Online
prediction program, covered in greater detail
later in Chapter 5, “System Design and Integration
Tools,” enables you to make accurate and
comprehensive predictions for optimal coverage(s)
during the design phase.
High-Frequency Design Strategies
Planning for high-frequency coverage is a matter of finetuning the splay angles between cabinets while keeping
an eye on the number of far-throwing elements in the
array. The number of elements does not necessarily have a
significant impact on SPL at high frequencies (it will at low
frequencies), but can profoundly affect throw.
For the far field, a smaller mechanical splay angle achieves
superior throw through better coupling to compensate for
energy lost over distance. In the near- to mid-field, larger
splay angles increase vertical coverage.
Low-Frequency Design Strategies
While the wave guide provides isolated control over various
mid to high-frequency coverage areas, the low-frequency
section of an M2D line array still requires mutual coupling
— with equal amplitude and phase — to achieve better
directionality.
Low frequency directionality is less dependant on the array’s
relative splay angles and more dependent on the number of
elements of the array. At low frequencies, the more elements
in the array, the more directional the array becomes.
18
Electronically Driving the Array
Once the design (number of elements, vertical splay angles
and horizontal splay angles between arrays) has been
determined, you can effectively optimize the array by driving
it with multiple equalization channels, or zones. Typically
arrays are divided in two or three zones depending on
the design and size of the array; to optimize EQ, different
strategies are used for the low and high frequencies for long
throws and short throws.
High-Frequency Equalization Strategies
For the far field, air absorption plays a critical role. The
farther the distance, the greater the attenuation at high
frequencies. In this zone, very high frequencies generally
need a boost to compensate for energy lost over distance;
the gain needed is usually proportional to the distance and
high-frequency air absorption.
In the near- to mid-field, the air absorption is not nearly
as critical; in this zone, high frequencies need little or no
additional gain.
TIP: If your M2D array uses a third zone for
short throws, high frequencies there may
need to be attenuated to avoid excess levels in the
near field.
Low-Frequency Strategies
Although the array can (and usually should) be zoned
for implementing different equalization curves for high
frequencies, similar or identical equalization should be
maintained in all the low-frequency filters. Different lowfrequency equalization settings in the same array will
degrade the desired coupling effect.
For the same reason, gain tapering is not recommended
for line arrays, since adjusting various zones with an overall
amplitude control for each zone results in the following:
1. Directionality decreases.
2. Low-frequency headroom decreases.
3. The length of the line array column is effectively
shortened.
TIP: The LD-3 compensating line driver was
designed to implement both low- and highfrequency strategies with its array and atmospheric
correction functions. The LD-3 line driver’s array
correction function compensates for low-frequency
build-up, while the atmospheric controls correct for
the attenuation of sound in air at high-frequencies.
For more information on the LD-3 line driver’s
atmospheric and array correction features, please
refer to the LD-3 datasheet, operating instructions
or visit www.meyersound.com.
CHAPTER 4
Figures 4.1 shows a series of MAPP Online predictions
based on an example M2D system design. In this case,
small vertical splay angles on the upper part of the array
are used to cover longer distances, while greater angles are
used in the lower elements to increase vertical coverage for
shorter distances.
The block diagram (Figure 4.2) shows one method of driving
this example array, along with additional fill loudspeakers
and subwoofers (not in the MAPP Online predictions).
Equalizers for each zone, as well as digital delays, provide a
time adjustment to compensate for the various sub-systems
if they are geometrically out of plane.
CAUTION: This example is not meant to
be used as a template for your own system
designs. Acoustical characteristics, physical
constraints, audio content, audience, and a slew of
other factors should always be uniquely weighed
into your own applications on a per-project basis.
USING THE M2D-SUB WITH THE M2D
Figure 4.1: Using vertical splay to adjust a line array’s coverage
The M2D provides full bandwidth frequency response down
to 60 Hz, however, if the application or the program content
requires additional low-frequency energy (e.g., clubs,
discos, reinforcement of popular music), the M2D-Sub is
naturally the best way to augment your M2D system. The
M2D-Sub can achieve frequency response down to 30 Hz,
extending system response appreciably and increasing the
acoustic power of a system in the lowest frequencies.
LD-3
Main
Left
IN
Channel A
SUB OUT
CH 1 OUT
CH 2 OUT
CH 3 OUT
Right
IN
Channel B
SUB OUT
CH 1 OUT
CH 2 OUT
CH 3 OUT
Optional
Subwoofer
Mono
Channel A
INSERTS
IN SUB
SENDS
OUT
Full Range
IN CH 1
OUT
Post Array
IN CH 2
OUT
IN CH 3
Post Array
Post HPF
Channel B
INSERTS
IN SUB
SENDS
OUT
Full Range
IN CH 1
OUT
Post Array
IN CH 2
OUT
IN CH 3
Post Array
Post HPF
Digital Delay
Digital Delay/EQ
2 In x 6 Out
Figure 4.2: Sample block diagram of M2D/M2D-Sub array
19
CHAPTER 4
In addition, the use of high-pass filters to drive an M2D
system with the M2D-Sub flattens overall frequency
response and slightly increases M2D headroom in the
lowest end of its usable spectrum.
acoustical conditions. If the gains are adjusted to the same
level, the combined response is identical to a daisy-chain
configuration with a rise in level on the overlapping range.
Meyer Sound makes available three different line drivers.
The ideal ratio of M2D to M2D-Sub loudspeakers depends
on the configuration of the system, the application, and the
frequency content of the signal being reproduced. For most
applications, two M2Ds for each M2D-Sub yields good
results in frequency response and headroom.
Engaging the Lo-Cut Filter
NOTE: The M2D-Sub limit LEDs indicate
when its safe power level is exceeded. If
the M2D-Sub loudspeakers used in a system begin
to limit before reaching the required SPL at low
frequencies, you may need to add more M2D-Subs
to satisfy the SPL requirements without exposing
the drivers to excessive heat and/or excursion.
Using the LD-1A, LD-2 or LD-3 Lo-Cut filter (the 160 Hz
HPF position on the LD-3) can produce an M2D/M2DSub system (in close proximity and co-planar) with very
flat frequency response and a minimal area of overlap.
The M2D loudspeakers in the system receive their signal
following a high-pass filter, while the M2D-Subs apply their
normal internal crossover frequencies to a full range signal.
NOTE: When driving M2Ds from the MidHi output of the LD-1A, LD-2 or LD-3 line
driver with the Lo-Cut filter engaged and M2D-Sub
loudspeakers in their full-range configuration, their
polarities should be kept the opposite if they are
co-planar or near each other. This can be achieved
by engaging the polarity reverse switch on the
subwoofer output of the line driver. If your M2D and
M2D-Sub loudspeakers are separated by a greater
distance – or delay must be used between them
– a measurement system such as the SIM audio
analyzer should be used to determine the correct
delay and polarity.
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers can accommodate
three basic connection options.
Daisy-Chained
When M2Ds and M2D-Subs are daisy-chained using the
loop feature on the user panel, the result will have a fairly
flat frequency response. However, at a ratio of two M2D to
each M2D-Sub loudspeaker, the response will have a rise in
the 70 to 160 Hz range where the frequency of the M2D and
M2D-Sub overlap.
CAUTION: Always ensure that the source
equipment can drive the total load of the
paralleled system.
NOTE: When both and M2D and M2D-Sub
loudspeakers are used in their full-range
configuration (e.g., looped audio or the same audio
feed), their polarities should be kept the same if
they are co-planar or near each other. If they are
separated by a greater distance – or delay must
be used between them – a measurement system
such as the SIM audio analyzer should be used to
determine the correct delay and polarity.
Adding a Line Driver
Driving an M2D/M2D-Sub system with the same signal from
different outputs using a line driver allows adjustments to
the gain and polarity of each sub-system, and could be used
effectively to compensate for the ratio of loudspeakers or
20
TIP: How flat the response will be is, in any
case, dependent on proximity to boundary
surfaces.
While the change of polarity with respect to a daisy-chained
configuration is needed due to the phase shift caused by
the high-pass filter at overlapping frequencies, placing
M2D-Sub loudspeakers more than 4 feet apart from M2D
loudspeakers may require reversing the polarities once
again to compensate for the delay propagation.
Table 4.1: M2D and M2D-Sub frequency response results with LD1A, LD-2 and LD-3 (160 Hz filter)
Lo-Cut
ø Reverse
Switch
Result
Off
Off
Flat response (small rise on 70 Hz -160
Hz area)
Engaged
Engaged
Very flat response
CHAPTER 4
Table 4.3: LD-1A, LD-2 and LD-3 (LD-3 at 160 Hz) “Lo-Cut Filter”
Parameters
Using the LD-3
In addition to the 160 Hz high-pass filter on the LD-3, the
LD-3 compensating line driver provides additional filtering
capabilities to help you further fine-tune an M2D/M2D-Sub
system.
Table 4.2: M2D and M2D-Sub frequency response results with
different filter configurations
HPF
LPF
ø Reverse
Switch
Result
Off
Off
Off
Flat response (small rise on 70 Hz
-160 Hz area)
80
Off
Off
Very flat response, +3 dB sub gain
recommended
80
80
Engaged
Very flat response, +3 dB sub gain
recommended
160
OFF
Engaged
Very flat response
NOTE: For more information on the LD-3 line
driver’s atmospheric and array correction
features, please refer to the LD-3 Operating
Instructions or visit www.meyersound.com.
Digital Signal Processors
Full-range signals may be applied to Meyer Sound’s selfpowered loudspeakers because they have built-in active
crossover circuits; external crossovers and digital signal
processors (DSP) are optional and should be used very
carefully due to phase shifts that can cause cancellations.
If a DSP is used, both M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers
should be fed from the DSP in order to keep their delay
time the same. Otherwise you may experience phase
shift differences between the M2Ds and the M2D-Subs.
In addition, you should verify the delay time between
channels: Some DSPs may develop channel-to-channel
delay errors when the DSP is near maximum throughput,
which becomes more likely as the number of filters the DSP
is using increases.
In no case should a filter higher than 2nd-order be used.
The additional phase shift introduced by steep sloped
filters deteriorates the impulse response and higher roll-off
does not improve crossover interaction. In fact, it is highly
recommended that the crossover/filter are set to emulate
the low-cut LD-1A, LD-2 and LD-3 (at the 160 Hz position)
characteristics themselves, as shown in Table 4.3.
Type
Order
Pole
Frequency
Q
High Pass
2nd (-12 dB/oct)
162 Hz
0.82*
* If the DSP does not have variable Q for high-pass filters, the filter
should be set to “Butterworth” (Q ≈ .7).
If the loudspeakers are going to be driven directly from
DSP, verify that the outputs of the processor have the
driving capabilities to drive the total load presented by the
loudspeakers connected to it.
NOTE: When precise array design,
subwoofer integration, DSP and delay
systems, and compensation for acoustical
conditions all come into play, measurement and
correction tools are a must. Meyer’s SIM audio
analyzer and the CP-10 parametric equalizer are
both highly recommended.
USING THE 650-P WITH THE M2D
In some applications – for instance, in a system design
where the subwoofers do not need to be flown in the array –
it may be desirable to deploy an M2D array in combination
with Meyer Sound’s 650-P high-power subwoofer. The
650-P subwoofer extends the M2D system frequency
response down to 28 Hz, and can accommodate daisychain, line driver, and DSP connection options.
NOTE: The 650-P subwoofer does have a
polarity switch, and you will need to ensure
that it is set to pin 2 + (same polarity respect to the
M2D loudspeaker’s pin 2 +) when co-planar and in
close-proximity to and M2D array.
NOTE: When driving M2Ds from the MidHi output of the LD-1A, LD-2 or LD-3 line
driver with the Lo-Cut filter engaged and 650-P
subwoofer in their full-range configuration, their
polarities should be kept the opposite if they are
co-planar or near each other. If your M2D and
650-P loudspeakers are separated by a greater
distance – or delay must be used between them – a
measurement system such as SIM should be used
to determine the correct delay and polarity.
21
CHAPTER 4
Table 4.4: M2D and 650-P (650-P set to pin 2 positive) frequency
response results with LD-1A, LD-2 and LD-3 (160 Hz filter)
Lo-Cut
ø Reverse
Switch
Result
Off
Off
Flat response (small rise on 70 Hz -160
Hz area), -6 dB sub gain recommended*
Engaged
Engaged
Very flat response, -6 dB sub gain
recommended*
* The 650-P subwoofer is +6 dB more sensitive than the M2D and
M2D-Sub loudpspeakers.
In addition to its 160 Hz high-pass filter, the LD-3 line driver
provides additional filtering capabilities (Table 4.5) to help
you further fine-tune an M2D and 650-P system.
Table 4.5: M2D and 650-P (650-P set to pin 2 positive) frequency
response results with the LD-3 (using other filters)
HPF
LPF
ø Reverse
Switch
Result
Off
55
Off
Flat response, -6 dB sub gain
recommended*
80
80
Engaged
Very flat response, -6 dB sub gain
recommended*
160
OFF
Engaged
Very flat response, -6 dB sub gain
recommended*
* The 650-P subwoofer is +6 dB more sensitive than the M2D and
M2D-Sub loudpspeakers.
22
CHAPTER 5
CHAPTER 5: SYSTEM DESIGN AND INTEGRATION TOOLS
Meyer Sound offers two comprehensive tools to assist you
with the acoustical and functional requirements of system
design and optimization. This chapter introduces you to the
Meyer Sound MAPP Online acoustical prediction program,
and the SIM audio analyzer, a robust instrumentation
package for system measurement, analysis, and more.
MEYER SOUND MAPP ONLINE
The MAPP Online prediction program is a powerful, crossplatform, Java-based application for accurately predicting
the coverage pattern, frequency response, impulse
response, and maximum SPL output of single or arrayed
Meyer Sound loudspeakers.
Figure 5.1. MAPP Online is an intuitive, powerful system design tool
Residing on your computer, the MAPP Online prediction
program facilitates configuring arrays of a wide variety
of Meyer Sound products and, optionally, defines the
environment in which they will operate, including air
temperature, pressure, and humidity, as well as the location
and composition of walls. You can find the program at:
www.meyersound.com/products/software/mapponline
As its name indicates, the MAPP Online predition program
is an online application: When a prediction is requested,
data is sent over the Internet to a high-powered server at
Meyer Sound that runs a sophisticated acoustical prediction
algorithm using high-resolution, complex (magnitude and
phase) polar data. Predicted responses are returned over
the Internet and displayed on your computer in color.
With the MAPP Online prediction program, you can:
 Plan an entire portable or fixed loudspeaker system and
determine delay settings for fill loudspeakers.
 Clearly see interactions among loudspeakers and
minimize destructive interference.

Place microphones anywhere in
the sound field and predict the
frequency response, impulse
response, and sound pressure
level at the microphone position
using MAPP Online’s Virtual SIM
feature.

Refine your system design to
provide the best coverage of the
intended audience area.

Use a Virtual VX-1 program
equalizer to predetermine the
correct control settings for best
system response.

Gain valuable load information
about the array to determine
rigging capacities.
The MAPP Online prediction program
enables you to come to an installation
with a wealth of information that
ensures the system will satisfy your requirements “out of
the box” – including basic system delay and equalization
settings. Its accurate, high-resolution predictions eliminate
unexpected onsite adjustments and coverage problems.
MAPP Online is compatible with Windows, Linux®, Unix®,
and Apple® Macintosh® computers running Mac OS® X
version 10.1.2 or higher. The MAPP Online Web page lists
additional system requirements and recommendations.
NOTE: In order to use the MAPP Online
prediction program, you will need to register
by clicking “Apply for MAPP Online” on the website
listed above. After registration and upon approval,
an e-mail will be sent to you with a user name and
password along with the address for the website
where you can download MAPP Online.
23
CHAPTER 5
SIM MEASUREMENT SYSTEM
Applications
The SIM audio analyzer is a measurement and
instrumentation system including a selection of hardware
and software options, microphones and accessory cables.
The SIM analyzer is optimized for making audio frequency
measurements of an acoustical system with a resolution
of up to 1/24 of an octave; the high resolution enables you
to apply precise electronic corrections to adjust system
response using frequency and phase (time) domain
information.
The main application of the SIM audio analyzer is
loudspeaker system testing and alignment. This includes:
 Measuring propagation delay between the subsystems
to set correct polarities and set very precise delay times
 Measuring variations in frequency response caused
by the acoustical environment and the placement
and interaction of the loudspeakers to set corrective
equalization
 Optimizing subwoofer integration
Source Independent Measurement Technique

The SIM audio analyzer implements Meyer Sound's source
independent measurement technique, a dual-channel
method that accommodates statistically unpredictable
excitation signals. Any excitation signal that encompasses
the frequency range of interest (even intermittently) may
be used to obtain highly accurate measurements of
acoustical or electronic systems. For example, concert halls
and loudspeaker systems may be characterized during a
musical performance using the program as the test signal,
allowing you to:
The SIM audio analyzer can also be used in the following
applications:
 View measurement data as amplitude versus time
(impulse response) or amplitude and phase versus
frequency (frequency response)
 Utilize a single-channel spectrum mode
 View frequency domain data with a logarithmic
frequency axis
 Determine and internally compensate for propagation
delays using SIM Delay Finder function
24
Optimizing loudspeaker arrays
 Microphone calibration and equalization
 Architectural acoustics
 Transducer evaluation and correction
 Echo detection and analysis
 Vibration analysis
 Underwater acoustics
CHAPTER 5
CHAPTER 6: QUICKFLY RIGGING
The M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers feature Meyer
Sound’s QuickFly rigging system with rugged, reliable
and deceptively simple components that remain captive,
in transit. QuickFly rigging facilitates constructing rigid,
ground-stacked or flown M2D-Sub arrays, and eases
integration of M2D-Sub and M2D loudspeakers in unitary,
full-range curvilinear arrays.
This chapter gives an overview of M2D and M2D-Sub
rigging accessories. For complete information on how to set
up and use the rigging accessories, refer to Meyer Sound’s
assembly guides at www.meyersound.com/products.
CAUTION: All Meyer Sound products
must be used in accordance with local,
state, federal, and industry regulations. It is the
owner’s and/or user’s responsibility to evaluate the
reliability of any rigging method for their application.
Rigging should be carried out only by experienced
professionals.
Fitted as standard on all M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers,
the MRF-2D and MRF-2D-Sub rigging frames (Figure 6.1)
also accommodates all the parts necessary to couple an
M2D and M2D-Sub vertical array.
7°
(0° to 7°)
0°
Figure 6.2. Vertical splay can be adjusted between 0° and 7° using
CamLinks and quick release pins
MG-2D MULTIPURPOSE GRID
The MG-2D multipurpose grid (Figure 6.3) allows M2D and
M2D-Sub loudspeakers to be flown or ground stacked.
Figure 6.3. MG-2D multipurpose grid
TIP: See Meyer Sound’s assembly guides on
www.meyersound.com for more information
on how to set up the M2D and M2D-Sub rigging
accessories.
Figure 6.1. MRF-2D and MRF-2D-Sub Rigging Frames
The MRF-2D and MRF-2D-Sub rigging frames utilize
CamLinks to connect adjacent cabinets, allowing vertical
splay to be set from 0° to 7° using quick release pins (Figure
6.2). The CamLinks are easily reconfigured to allow arrays
to be hung with the horns on the left or right side. The MRF2D and MRF-2D-Sub frames provide a rigid angle between
cabinets, maintaining the predetermined vertical splay as
the array is tilted up or down.
An adjustable rear extension frame provides flexibility for
severe up-tilt and down-tilt in flown applications as well as
increasing the stability in ground-stacked applications. Up
to 16 M2D loudspeakers (or the equivalent weight of M2D
and M2D-Sub cabinets) may be suspended from single or
multiple rigging points of appropriate rating, with a safety
factor of 7:1.
25
CHAPTER 5
The MG-2D grid provides additional functionality, including
transitioning to an M2D or M2D-Sub array from the bottom
of a/an:
 M3D or M3D-Sub loudspeaker (MTK-2D transition kit
required); or
 MILO loudspeaker (MTB-2D/M transition bar kit
required)
MG-1D Multipurpose Grid
The MG-1D multipurpose grid (Figure 6.4) was originally
designed to allow M1D and M1D-Sub loudspeakers to be
flown or ground stacked. However, it can be used to fly
M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers, when the flexibility of the
MG-2D grid is not required.
Figure 6.4. MG-1D multipurpose grid
Up to seven M2D loudspeakers (or the equivalent weight of
M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers) may be suspended from
single or multiple rigging points of appropriate rating, with a
safety factor of 7:1.
The MG-1D grid provides additional functionality, such as
transitioning from the bottom of an M2D and/or M2D-Sub
array to:
 An M1D and/or M1D-Sub array;
 One UPA-1P compact wide coverage loudspeaker;
 Three UPA-2P compact narrow coverage loudspeakers;
 Two MSL-4 horn-loaded long-throw loudspeakers; or
 Two DS-4P horn-loaded mid-bass loudspeakers
CAUTION: The grid must never be
suspended from the extension frame when
used in this configuration.
26
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX A
TROUBLESHOOTING
This section contains possible solutions to some common
problems encountered by M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeaker
users and is not intended to be a comprehensive troubleshooting guide.
The On/Temp. LED (Active LED on M2D-Sub)
does not illuminate and there is no audio.
1. Make sure the AC power cable is the correct type for
the regional voltage and that it is securely connected to
the AC inlet, then unplug and reconnect the AC cable.
2. Use an AC voltmeter to verify that the AC voltage is
within the ranges 90 - 265 V AC.
3. If the On/Temp LED still fails to illuminate, call Meyer
Sound Technical Support.
The On/Temp. LED (Active LED on M2D-Sub) is
illuminated green but there is no sound.
1. Verify that the audio source (mixer, EQ, delay) is sending
a valid signal.
The audio produced by the loudspeaker is distorted or compressed but the Limit LED is not
illuminated.
1. Make sure the XLR cable is securely fastened to the
XLR audio input connector.
2. Send the audio signal to another loudspeaker to insure
that the level is within the proper range. Turn the source
level down before reconnecting the audio input and
increase the level slowly to avoid a sudden blast of
sound.
3. Monitor the audio source with headphones.
The audio produced by the loudspeaker is highly
compressed and the Limit LED is constantly yellow (red on M2D-Sub).
1. Turn down the level of the input signal to the loudspeaker system.
The On/Temp. LED (M2D) is illuminated red.
2. Make sure the XLR cable is securely fastened to the
XLR audio input connector.
This occurs in conditions where the heatsink temperature
reaches 85°C (185°F), indicating that the amplifier is thermally overloaded.
3. Verify that the XLR cable is functioning by substituting another cable or by using the cable in question in a
working system.
1. Turn down the level of the input signal to the loudspeaker system.
4. Send the audio signal to another loudspeaker to insure
signal presence and that the level is within the proper
range. Turn the source level down before reconnecting
the audio input and increase the level slowly to avoid a
sudden blast of sound.
5. If possible, monitor the audio source with headphones.
2. Make sure the fan is working properly.
3. Make sure there is sufficient air flow around the unit.
4. Avoid exposing the heatsink to direct sunlight if the
ambient temperature is high.
See the amplification, limiting, cooling system sections
beginning on page 10 for a complete discussion about the
cooling system.
Hum or noise is produced by the loudspeaker.
1. Disconnect the audio input. If the noise persists, the
problem is within the loudspeaker. In this case return
the unit to the factory or nearest authorized service center. If the hum ceases, the noise originates somewhere
earlier in the signal path.
2. Make sure the XLR cable is securely fastened to the
XLR audio input connector.
3. Send the audio signal to another loudspeaker to insure
signal presence and that the level is within the proper
range. Turn the source level down before reconnecting
the audio input and increase the level slowly to avoid a
sudden blast of sound.
Only the high or low drivers seem to produce
sound (M2D).
1. Make sure the audio signal is full-range and has not
been filtered in a previous stage of the signal chain. If
possible, monitor the audio source with high-quality
headphones.
2. Send the audio signal to another loudspeaker to insure
that the signal is full-range. Turn the source level down
before reconnecting the audio input and increase the
level slowly to avoid a sudden blast of sound.
3. Use a sine wave and/or pink noise generator to send a
variety of frequencies to the loudspeaker.
4. Hum or noise can be produced by a ground loop. Since
the M2D and M2D-Sub loudspeakers are effectively
ground-lifted, the loop must be broken elsewhere in the
system.
27
APPENDIX A
28
APPENDIX B
APPENDIX B
M2D SPECIFICATIONS
ACOUSTICAL
Note: The low-frequency power response of the system will increase according to the length of the array.
Operating frequency range
60 Hz - 16 kHz
Note: Recommended maximum operating frequency range. Response depends upon
loading conditions and room acoustics.
Frequency response
70 Hz - 14 kHz ±4 dB
Note: Free field, measured with 1/3 octave frequency resolution at 4 meters.
Phase response
650 Hz - 12 kHz ±45°
Maximum peak SPL
136 dB
Note: Measured with music at 1 meter.
Dynamic range
>110 dB
Horizontal coverage
90°
Vertical coverage
Varies, depending on array length and configuration.
Acoustical crossover
575 Hz
Note: At this frequency, the mid- and high-frequency transducers produce equal sound
pressure levels.
TRANSDUCERS
Low frequency
Two 10" cone drivers with neodymium magnets
Nominal impedance: 4 Ω
Voice coil size: 2"
Power-handling capability: 400 W (AES)
Note: Power handling is measured under AES standard conditions: transducer driven
continuously for two hours with band limited noise signal having a 6 dB peak-average ratio.
Note: To eliminate interference at short wavelengths, the two 10" drivers work in combination at low frequencies (60 Hz
– 350 Hz). At mid frequencies (350 Hz – 575 Hz) only one cone driver is fed from the crossover to maintain optimal polar
and frequency response characteristics.
High frequency
One 4" diaphragm compression driver
Nominal impedance: 8 Ω
Voice coil size: 4"
Exit size: 1.5"
Power-handling capability: 250 W (AES)
Note: Power handling is measured under AES standard conditions: transducer driven
continuously for two hours with band limited noise signal having a 6 dB peak-average ratio.
Note: The driver is coupled to a constant-directivity horn through a proprietary acoustical manifold (REM).
AUDIO INPUT
Type
Differential, electronically balanced
Max. common mode range
±15 V DC, clamped to earth for voltage transient protection
Connectors
Female XLR input with male XLR loop output or VEAM all-in-one connector (integrates AC,
audio and network)
Input impedance
10 kΩ differential between pins 2 and 3
Wiring
Pin 1: Chassis/earth through a 220 kΩ, 1000 pF, 15 V clamp network to provide virtual
ground lift at audio frequencies
Pin 2: Signal +; Pin 3: Signal Case: Earth ground and chassis
DC Blocking
Differential DC blocking up to max common mode voltage
CMRR
>50 dB, typically 80 dB (50 Hz – 500 Hz)
29
APPENDIX B
RF filter
Common mode: 425 kHz; Differential mode: 142 kHz
TIM filter
<80 kHz, integral to signal processing
Nominal input sensitivity
0 dBV (1 V rms, 1.4 V pk) continuous is typically the onset of limiting for pink noise and music.
Input level
Audio source must be capable of producing a minimum of +20 dBV (10 V rms, 14 V pk)
into 600 ohms in order to produce maximum peak SPL over the operating bandwidth of the
loudspeaker.
AMPLIFIER
Amplifier type
Two-channel complementary MOSFET output stages (class AB/bridged)
Output power
700 W total
Note: Wattage rating is based on the maximum unclipped burst sine-wave rms voltage the
amplifier will produce into the nominal load impedance — low channel 30 V rms (42 V pk);
high channel 32 V rms (45 V pk)
THD, IM TIM
< .02%
Load capacity
2 Ω low channel, 8 Ω high channel
Cooling
Convection cooling. 24 V DC output for optional external fan.
AC POWER
AC power connector
PowerCon or VEAM
Voltage selection
Automatic
Safety agency rated
operating voltage
100 V AC - 240 V AC; 50/60 Hz
Turn on/turn off points
Continuous 90 V AC - 265 V AC; 50/60 Hz
Note: No automatic turn-off voltages. Voltages above 265 V AC are fuse protected but
may cause permanent damage to the power supply. Voltages below 90 V AC may result in
intermittent operation.
Current Draw
Idle current
0.35 A rms (115 V AC); 0.35 A rms (230 V AC); 0.35 A rms (100 V AC)
Max. long-term continuous
current (>10 sec)
3.1 A rms (115 V AC); 1.6 A rms (230 V AC); 3.6 A rms (100 V AC)
Burst Current (<1 sec)
3.2 A rms (115 V AC); 1.6 A rms (230 V AC); 3.7 A rms (100 V AC)
Ultimate short-term peak
current draw
5.8 A pk (115 V AC); 2.9 A pk (230 V AC); 6.7 A pk (100 V AC)
Inrush current
9 A pk (115 V AC); 9 A pk (230 V AC); 8 A pk (100 V AC)
RMS NETWORK
Equipped for two conductor twisted-pair network, reporting all operating parameters of
amplifiers to system operator’s host computer.
PHYSICAL
Enclosure
Multi-ply hardwood
Finish
Black textured
Protective grille
17.47
Powder-coated hex[444
stamped
steel
mm]
Rigging
[222and
mm] quick release pins
Patented QuickFly MRF-2D rigging frame with CamLinks
Dimensions
39.00" w x 12.12" h x 17.47" d (991 mm x 30819.56
mm x 444 mm)
8.74
[497 mm]
12.12
[308 mm]
17.47
[444 mm]
6.06
[154 mm]
8.74
[222 mm]
37.00
[940 mm]
19.56
[497 mm]
12.12
Weight
30
[308 mm]
39.00
[991 mm]
116 lbs (52.62 kg); Shipping 130 9.99
lbs (58.97 kg)
6.06
[154 mm]
37.00
[254 mm]
9.99
[254 mm]
APPENDIX B
M2D-SUB SPECIFICATIONS
ACOUSTICAL
Note: The low-frequency power response of the system will increase according to the length of the array.
Operating frequency range
28 Hz - 160 Hz
Note: Recommended maximum operating frequency range. Response depends upon
loading conditions and room acoustics.
Frequency response
30 Hz - 140 Hz ±4 dB
Note: Free field, measured with 1/3 octave frequency resolution at 4 meters.
Phase response
40 Hz to 100 Hz ±45°
Maximum peak SPL
138 dB
Note: Measured with music at 1 meter.
Dynamic range
>110 dB
Horizontal coverage
360°
Vertical coverage
Varies, depending on array length and configuration.
TRANSDUCERS
Low frequency
Two 15" cone drivers with neodymium magnets
Nominal impedance: 4 Ω
Voice coil size: 4"
Power-handling capability: 1200 W (AES)
Note: Power handling is measured under AES standard conditions: transducer driven
continuously for two hours with band limited noise signal having a 6 dB peak-average ratio.
AUDIO INPUT
Type
Differential, electronically balanced
Max. common mode range
±15 V DC, clamped to earth for voltage transient protection
Connectors
Female XLR input with male XLR loop output or VEAM all-in-one connector (integrates AC,
audio and network)
Input impedance
10 kΩ differential between pins 2 and 3
Wiring
Pin 1: Chassis/earth through a 220 kΩ, 1000 pF, 15 V clamp network to provide virtual
ground lift at audio frequencies
Pin 2: Signal +
Pin 3: Signal Case: Earth ground and chassis
DC Blocking
None on input; DC blocked through signal processing
CMRR
>50 dB, typically 80 dB (50 Hz – 500 Hz)
RF filter
Common mode: 425 kHz; Differential mode: 142 kHz
TIM filter
<80 kHz, integral to signal processing
Nominal input sensitivity
0 dB V (1 V rms, 1.4 pk) continuous is typically the onset of limiting for pink noise and
music.
31
APPENDIX B
Input level
Audio source must be capable of producing a minimum of +20 dBV (10 V rms, 14 V pk)
into 600 ohms in order to produce maximum peak SPL over the operating bandwidth of the
loudspeaker.
AMPLIFIERS
Amplifier type
Two-channel complementary MOSFET output stages (class AB/H)
Output power
2250 W total
Note: Wattage rating is based on the maximum unclipped burst sine-wave rms voltage the
amplifier will produce into the nominal load impedance — both channels 67 V rms (95 V pk).
THD, IM TIM
< .02%
Load capacity
4 Ω each channel
Cooling
Forced air cooling, 2 fans total (1 ultrahigh-speed reserve fan)
AC POWER
AC power connector
PowerCon or VEAM
Voltage selection
Automatic, two ranges, each with high-low voltage tap (uninterrupted)
Safety agency rated
operating voltage
95 V AC - 125 V AC; 208 V AC - 235 V AC; 50/60 Hz
Turn on/turn off points
85 V AC - 134 V AC; 165 V AC - 264 V AC; 50/60 Hz
Current Draw
Idle current
0.640 A rms (115 V AC); 0.320 A rms (230 V AC); 0.850 A rms (100 V AC)
Max. long-term continuous
current (>10 sec)
8.8 A rms (115 V AC); 4.4 A rms (230 V AC); 10 A rms (100 V AC)
Burst Current (<1 sec)
19 A rms (115 V AC); 9.5 A rms (230 V AC); 22 A rms (100 V AC)
Ultimate short-term peak
current draw
39 A pk (115 V AC); 20 A pk (230 V AC); 45 A pk (100 V AC)
Inrush current
7 A pk (115 V AC); 7 A pk (230 V AC); 10 A pk (100 V AC)
RMS NETWORK
Equipped for two conductor twisted-pair network, reporting all operating parameters of
amplifiers to system operator’s host computer.
PHYSICAL
Enclosure
Multi-ply hardwood
Finish
Black textured
Protective grille
Powder-coated hex stamped steel
Rigging
Patented QuickFly MRF-2D-Sub rigging frame with CamLinks and quick release pins
Dimensions
39.00" w x 24.00" h x 17.50" d (991 mm x 610 mm x 445 mm)
21.86
[555 mm]
24.00
[610 mm]
11.25
[286 mm]
37.00
[940 mm]
39.00
[991 mm]
17.50
[445 mm]
8.50
[216 mm]
19.50
[495 mm]
Weight
32
173 lbs (78.47 kg); Shipping: 197 lbs (89.35 kg)
Meyer Sound Laboratories, Inc.
2832 San Pablo Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94702
USA
T: +1 510 486.1166
F: +1 510 486.8356
techsupport@meyersound.com
www.meyersound.com
© 2004
Meyer Sound Laboratories, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
05.112.012.01
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