00152

00152
\i
/
FINAL
SOLID WASTE
CONFIRMATORY
MANAGEMENT
UNIT (SWMU)
SAMPLING
PROJECT PLANS
HEALTH
AND SAFETY
MCB, CAMP LEJEUNE,
CONTRACT
PLAN
NORTH
CAROLINA
TASK ORDER 0371
AUGUST
21,1997
Prepared For:
DEPARTMENT
OF THE NAVY
ATLANTIC
DIVISION
NAVAL FACILITIES
ENGINEERING
COMMAND
Norfolk, Virginia
Under the:
LANTDIV
Contract
CLEAN Program
N62470-89-D-4814
Prepared By:
BAKER
ENVIRONMENTAL,
Coraopolis, PA 15108
INC.
.
TABLE
1.0
OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
....................................................
1.1
Policy.. ......................................................
Project Plans ...........................................
1.2
References ....................................................
1.3
PERSONNEL
2.0
PROJECT
3.0
SITE CHARACTERIZATION
.........................................
3.1
Background Information .........................................
3.2
Project Plans ..................................................
Task-specific Physical and Environmental Hazards ....................
3.3
General Physical Hazards ........................................
3.4
3.4.1
Thermal Stress ..........................................
3.4.2
Geoprobe Operations .....................................
3.4.3
Utilities ................................................
3.4.4 Noise ..................................................
General Environmental Hazards ...................................
3.5
Chemical Hazards ..............................................
3.6
Environmental Hazards .........................................
3.5
Task-Specific Hazards ...........................................
3.6
3.5.1
Land Surveying ..........................................
3.5.2
Surface Soil Sampling ....................................
3.5.3
Temporary Monitoring Well Installation (Geoprobe) ............
3.5.4
Monitoring Well Development ..............................
3.5.5
Groundwater Sampling ....................................
3.5.6
Subsurface Sampling . Geoprobe Soil Boring ..................
3-l
3- 1
3- 1
3- 1
3- 1
3-l
3- 1
3-l
3-2
3-2
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-5
4.0
SITE CONTROL
....................................................
4.1
Site Access ....................................................
4.2
Site Conditions .................................................
4.3
WorkZones ...................................................
4.3.1
Level C Activities ........................................
4.3.2
Level D and D+ Activities .................................
“Buddy System” ................................................
4.4
Safe Work Practices .............................................
4.5
4.6
Sanitation Procedures/Site Precautions ..............................
4-l
4- 1
4- 1
4-l
4-l
4-2
4-2
4-2
4-2
5.0
...................................
ENVIRONMENTAL
MONITORING
Equipment Maintenance and Calibration ............................
5.1
Monitoring Documentation .......................................
5.2
5.0
5- 1
5- 1
6.0
PERSONAL
PROTECTIVE
AND RESPONSIBILITIES
: ......
EQUIPMENT
ii
.....................
l-l
l-l
l-1
l-l
2-l
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-l
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
(Continued)
Page
7.0
DECONTAMINATION
PROCEDURES .................................
Personnel Decontamination .......................................
7.1
Effectiveness of Personnel Decontamination
.........................
7.2
7-l
7- 1
7-2
8.0
EMERGENCY
PROCEDURES
........................................
Scope ........................................................
8.1
Pre-Emergency Planning .........................................
8.2
Emergency Coordinator ..........................................
8.3
Communications/Telephone
Numbers ..............................
8.4
8.5
Assembly Area .................................................
8.6
Emergency Hospital Route .......................................
Emergency Medical Treatment ....................................
8.7
Injuries .......................................................
8.8
8.8.1 Physical Injury ..........................................
8.8.2 Chemical Injury .........................................
8.8.3
Snakebite Injury .........................................
8.8.4
Spider Bite Injury ........................................
Personal Protection and First Aid Equipment .........................
8.9
Notification
...................................................
8.11
Hazard Assessment .............................................
8.12
Security ......................................................
8.13
Emergency Alerting .............................................
8.14
Training ......................................................
8.15
Spill Containment Procedures .....................................
8.16
8-l
8-l
8- 1
8- 1
8-2
8-2
8-2
8-3
8-3
8-3
8-4
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-7
8-8
8-8
9.0
TRAINING
REQUIREMENTS
........................................
9.1
General .......................................................
Site-Specific Training ...........................................
9.2
9-l
9-l
9- 1
10.0
MEDICAL
SURVEILLANCE
REQUIREMENTS
10.1
General ......................................................
SiteSpecific ..................................................
10.2
11.0
HEALTH
12.0
DECLARATION
AND SAFETY
PLAN APPROVAL
OF HEALTH
AND SAFETY
.*.
111
........................
10-l
10-l
10-l
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-l
PLAN REVIEW*
. . . . . . . . . . 12-1
LIST OF TABLES
3-l
3-2
List of SWMUs
Chemical Physical And Toxic Properties
6-l
Summary of Protective Clothing Requirements
8-1
8-2
Emergency Phone Numbers
Hospital Directions
LIST OF FIGURES
8-1
8-2
Hospital Route Map from Camp Lejeune
Hospital Route Map from Camp Geiger and MCAS
ATTACHMENTS
Attachment A - Baker Standard Operating Procedures (SOPS)
Attachment B - Material Safety Data Sheets
Attachment C - Geoprobe Safety Instructions
iv
1.0
INTRODUCTION
This Health and Safety Plan (HASP) has been developed by Baker Environmental, Inc. (Baker) to
accompany the Project Plans for Contract Task Order 0371. The objective of the project is to
conduct a Confirmatory Sampling investigation for 62 solid waste management units (SWMUs) at
the Marine Corps Base (MCB), Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. The purpose of this HASP is to
comply with the safety and health regulations of the OSHA Genera1 Industry and Construction
Standards and to define the requirements and designate protocols to be followed during confirmatory
sampling activities involving potentially contaminated soils, and/or groundwater.
1.1
Policy
It is the policy of Baker Environmental, Inc. (Baker) that all on-site hazardous waste management
activities be performed in conformance with a site-specific HASP. The HASP is written based on
the anticipated hazards and expected work conditions and applies to activities performed under this
Contract Task Order (CTO). Applicability of this HASP extends to all Baker employees, Baker’s
subcontractors, and visitors entering the site. However, subcontractors are expected to provide their
own HASP and relevant Standard Operating Procedures (SOPS) that pertain to the activities they are
contracted to perform on the site. All personnel must review the HASP and sign an agreement to
comply with its provisions prior to commencing any on-site work. The HASP may be
modified/updated
with the approval of the Project Health and Safety Officer (PHSO) and Project
Manager. Proper notification will be given to the Atlantic Division (LANTDIV),
Naval Facilities’
Engineering Command Navy Technical Representative (NTR) when significant changes to the
HASP are implemented.
This HASP, at a minimum, meets the requirements under OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.120 and
1926.65 (Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response).
1.2
Project Plans
The Work Plan (detailing the tasks to be performed at each site), the Sampling and Analysis Plan
(SAP), and Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) are bound as separate documents, and will
accompany the Health and Safety Plan in the field.
1.3
References
The following
HASP.
publications have been referenced in the development and implementation
of this
0
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH).
1995.
Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and
Biological Exposure Indices for 1995- 1996.
0
Lewis, Richard J., Sr. 1991. &zu-dous Chemicals Desk Reference, 3rd Edition,
Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, New York.
0
Martin, William F. and Steven P. Levine. 1994. Protectinp Personnel at Hazardous
Waste Sites, 2nd Edition, Butter-worth-Heinemann, Stoneham, Massachusetts.
l-1
0
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health/Occupational
Safety and
Health Administration/U.S.
Coast Guard/U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
1985. Occunational Safetv and Health Guidance Manual for Hazardous Waste Site
Activities. October 1985.
0
Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
Rewlations, Parts 19 10 and 1926.
0
United States Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service,
Centers for Disease Control, NIOSH. 1994. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical
Hazards. June 1994.
0
United States Environmental
Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and
Remedial Response, Emergency Response Division. 1992. Standard Onerating
Safetv Guides. June 1992.
1-2
1995. Title 29 Code of Federal
2.0
PROJECT
PERSONNEL
AND RESPONSIBILITIES
The following personnel are designated to carry out the stated job functions for both project and site
activities. (Note: One person may carry out more than one job function; personnel identified are
subject to change.) The responsibilities that correspond with each job function are outlined below.
PROJECT MANAGER:
Ms. Tammi Halapin
The Project Manager will be responsible for assuring that all activities are conducted in accordance
with the HASP. The Project Manager has the authority to suspend field activities if employees are
in danger of injury or exposure to harmful agents. In addition, the Project Manager is responsible
for:
0
Assisting the Project Health and Safety Officer (PHSO), as designated below, in
Site-Specific HASP development for all phases of the project.
0
Designating a SHSO and other site personnel who will assure compliance with the
HASP.
0
Reviewing and approving the information
PROJECT HEALTH
presented in this HASP.
AND SAFETY OFFICER: Mr. Ronald Krivan
,
The PHSO will be responsible for general development of the HASP and will be the primary contact
for inquiries as to the contents of the HASP. The PHSO will be consulted before changes to the
HASP can be approved or implemented. The PHSO will also:
0
Develop new protocols or modify the HASP as appropriate and issue amendments.
0
Resolve issues that arise in the field
implementation of the HASP.
l
Monitor the field program through a regular review of field health and safety
records, on-site activity audits, or a combination of both.
a
Determine that all Baker personnel have received the required training and medical
surveillance prior to entry onto a site.
0
Coordinate the review, evaluation, and approval of the HASP.
SITE MANAGER:
with
respect to interpretation
or
JTo Be Named Prior To Mobilization]
The Site Manager will be responsible for assuring that all day-to-day activities are conducted in
accordance with the HASP. The Site Manager has the immediate authority to suspend field
activities if employees are subjected to a situation that can be immediately dangerous to life or
health, The Site Manager’s responsibilities include:
0
Assuring that the appropriate health and safety equipment and personal protective
equipment (PPE) have arrived on site and that it is properly maintained.
2-l
0
Coordinating overall site access and security measures, including documenting all
personnel arriving or departing the site (e.g., name, company and time).
0
Approving all on site activities, and coordinating
the SHSO.
0
Assisting the SHSO in coordinating emergency procedures with the Naval Activity,
emergency medical responders, etc., prior to or during site mobilization activities.
0
Assuring compliance with site sanitation procedures and site precautions.
0
Coordinating
0
Overseeing the decontamination
0
Serving as the backup/alternate
SITE HEALTH
site safety and health issues with
activities with Baker and subcontractor personnel.
AND SAFETY OFFICER:
of field sampling equipment.
Emergency Coordinator.
[To Be Named Prior To Mobilization1
The SHSO will be responsible for the on-site implementation of the HASP. The SHSO also has the
immediate authority to suspend field activities if the health or safety of site personnel is endangered,
and to audit the subcontractor training, fit testing, and medical surveillance records to verify
compliance. These records will be maintained at the Baker Command Post. The SHSO will also:
0
Coordinate the pre-entry briefing and subsequent briefings.
0
Assure that monitoring
0
Assure compliance with the Baker Standard Operating Procedures (SOPS) in
Attachment A.
0
Inform personnel
Attachment B .
0
Manage health and safety equipment, including instruments, respirators, PPE, etc.,
that is used during field activities.
0
Confirm emergency response provisions, as necessary, in cooperation with Naval
Activity, emergency medical care, etc., prior to or during site mobilization
activities.
0
Monitor conditions during field activities to ensure compliance with the HASP and
evaluate if more stringent procedures or a higher level of PPE should be
implemented, and informing the PHSO and Project Manager.
0
Document, as necessary, pertinent information such as accident investigation and
reporting, designated safety inspections, a record of site conditions, personnel
involved in field activities, and any other relevant health and safety issues. This
information will become part of the official site records.
equipment is properly calibrated and properly operated.
of the material
2-2
safety data sheets (MSDSs)
located
in
Act as the Emergency Coordinator.
0
The Field Team Members will be responsible for:
0
Familiarity
with the HASP.
l
Complying with the contents of the HASP.
0
Attending training sessions to review the HASP, and staying informed of additional
safety and health information.
0
Being alert to identified and unidentified hazards, and reporting
hazards to the SHSO and Site Manager, as soon as possible.
0
Offering suggestions, ideas, or recommendations that may improve or enhance site
safety.
l
Conducting site activities in an orderly and appropriate manner.
0
Reporting accidents/injuries,
unidentified
however minor, to the SHSO as soon as possible.
Subcontractor personnel are responsible for:
0
Complying
with the conditions as outlined under “Field Team Members.”
0
Complying with all OSHA regulations relevant to their work.
0
Obtaining the appropriate training, fit testing, and medical surveillance
requirements under 29 CFR 1910.120, 1926.65, and 1910.134 and providing this
documentation to the Site Manager prior to or during site mobilization.
0
Having a competent safety monitor on site.
0
Complying with the training and medical surveillance requirements as outlined in
Sections 9.0 and 10.0, respectively, and providing their own PPE that meets or
exceeds the level of protection as outlined in this HASP.
SUBCONTRACTOR
COMPANIES:
All subcontractor companies are to be announced.
LANTDIV
REPRESENTATIVES:
0
Ms. Katherine Landman Naval Technical Representative (NTR)
(804) 322-4818
ACTIVITY/STATION/BASE
0
0
REPRESENTATIVES:
Mr. Tom Morris
Mr. Mick Senus
MCB Camp Lejeune Representatives:
(910) 451-5972
(910) 451-5068
2-3
3.0
SITE CHARACTERIZATION
This section presents relevant background information and a description of the physical hazards that
may exist during the Confirmatory Sampling investigation.
3.1
Backwound
Information
Table 3-l presents relevant background information
description and waste management history.
3.2
for each SWMU,
including
a physical
Proiect Plans
The Project Plans include four separate documents: a Work Plan (detailing the task to be performed
at each site), a Sampling and Analysis Plan (SAP), a Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP), and
this Health and Safety Plan (HASP). The work tasks that will be performed during the Confirmatory
Sampling investigation include:
0
0
0
0
Temporary monitoring well installation
Soil sampling
Groundwater sampling
Surface water and sediment sampling
3.3
Task-snecific
Phvsical and Environmental
3.4
General Physical Hazards
Hazards
The identified potential physical hazards associated with this project include thermal stress,
geoprobe operations, underground utilities, and noise. The following presents a description of these
potential hazards.
3.4.1
Thermal
Stress
Provisions for monitoring
3.4.2
Geoprobe
for thermal stress are included in Attachment A - Baker Safety SOPS.
Operations
Prior to operation of the Geoprobe site personnel are to review and follow the manufacturer’s safety
instructions. A copy of the operator safety instructions from the Geoprobe owner’s manual are
included in Attachment C.
3.4.3
Utilities
Underground utility clearance must be obtained before any intrusive activities are performed; this
clearance will be provided by a representative from the Public Works Department at MCB Camp
Lejeune. If underground utilities are identified in these areas, the ground above the utility lines are
to be physically marked, such as with spray paint or flags. Base representatives are to be notified
at least one week prior to soil intrusive activities to begin acquisition of utility clearances. A 24-inch
minimum clearance must be used for work near underground utilities.
3-l
3.4.4
Noise
Elevated noise levels may be produced during drilling operations, therefore, hearing protection will
be made available. The SHSO is responsible for making this determination based upon past
experiences with the type of equipment in use, and specifying hearing protection when appropriate.
Employees can receive hearing protection upon request.
3.5
General Environmental
3.6
Chemical Hazards
Hazards
A summary of the wastes suspected at each SWMU under investigation is provided in Table 3- 1.
The general list of wastes include used oil, solvents, pesticides, herbicides, No. 2 fuel oil and No.
6 fuel oil. Table 3-2 lists the physical and toxic properties for many of the chemicals involved at
the various SWMUs. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) for the chemicals listed in Table 3-2
is provided in Attachment B.
Other chemical hazards that may be present are from the preservative chemicals that will be in some
of the sample containers (such as, hydrochloric acid and nitric acid). An MSDS will be obtained
from the laboratory and be available with the field sampling team for all sample preservatives.
3.5
Environmental
Hazards
The following paragraphs identify the hazards associated with flora and fauna at MCB Camp
Lejeune. If additional concerns are identified, they will be added to this HASP.
Hazardous Flora
An incidence of contact by individuals to poisonous/thorny plants is high while working in wooded
areas. Bare skin should be covered (i.e., long pants and shirt, steel toe boots, leather or cotton
gloves, safety glasses, and head protection) as much as practical when working in forested or
densely vegetated areas. Personnel should avoid entering an area in the direct path of known
poisonous flora (i.e., poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac); a secondary route should be selected.
Care should also be taken when walking in such areas as uneven terrain or vines may present a
tripping hazard.
Hazardous Fauna
Mosquitoes and gnats pose a nuisance and physical hazard to field personnel; they distract workers,
leading to accidents, and pose a physical threat by transmitting live microorganisms. Avoiding the
use of perfumes and scented deodorants and donning light colored clothing is preferable. The use
of Avon’s “Skin So Soft” or other insect repellent is encouraged and will be provided, as needed.
Poisonous snakes such as the rattlesnake, copperhead, and cottonmouth (water moccasin), all known
as pit vipers, are common to the eastern United States. Snakes typically do not attack people but will
bite when provoked, angered, or accidentally injured (as when stepped on). When encountering a
snake, avoid quick/jerky motions, loud noises, and retreat slowly; do not provoke the snake. If
bitten, follow emergency procedures outlined in the Emergency Procedures Section.
3-2
There are two spiders commonly found in the United States whose bite can be serious: the black
widow spider and the brown recluse spider. These bites may be serious, even life-threatening.
Many other spiders will bite, but they do not produce serious complications. The black widow
spider measures approximately 1 inch long with its legs extended. It is glossy black in color and has
a distinctive yellow-orange marking in the shape of an hourglass on its belly. On its back, however,
there is no marking, and unless you happen to turn the spider over, you cannot see this mark. The
danger of the black widow spider bite lies in its systemic manifestations. The venom from this
spider attacks the nervous system, resulting in severe muscle cramps with boardlike rigidity of the
abdominal muscles, tightness in the chest, and difficulty in breathing. Sweating, nausea, and
vomiting will also occur.
The brown recluse spider is a little bit smaller than the black widow spider and is dull brown in
color. It has a violin-shaped mark on its back, which can be seen when you are looking at the spider
from above. The spider gets its name because it tends to live in dark areas, comers, and old unused
buildings. The bite from this animal produces local rather than systemic manifestations. The venom
of the brown recluse spider causes severe local tissue damage and can lead to an ulcer and gangrene.
The bitten area becomes red, swollen, and tender within a few hours after the bite. A small blister
forms, and several days later, this may form a large scab, covering a deep ulcer. Death is rarely
reported. If a spider bite by a black widow or brown recluse is suspected, follow emergency
procedures in Emergency Procedures Section.
There is also a potential to contact other dangerous insects; these include fire ants, chiggers, bees,
wasps, hornets, mites, fleas, and ticks. Personnel should perform “checks” periodically and at the
end of the work shift, especially when working in grassy or forested areas. Insect bites must be
reported to the SHSO.
Before initiating site activities, each individual will be questioned as to any known sensitivities to
the previously mentioned organisms or agents.
3.6
Task-Specific
Hazards
Listed below are summaries for the hazards associated with each potential task for an area under
investigation. Levels of protection outlined in Section 6.0 were selected based on this task-specific
hazard identification, information obtained from previous investigations and site visits, and previous
experience with similar investigations or activities.
3.5.1
Land Surveying
Chemical
0
0
Skin contact with potentially-contaminated
soil.
Ingestion of contaminated material from hand-to-mouth
3-3
contact.
Physical/Environmental
0
0
0
3.5.2
Slips/trips/falls - sloped, uneven terrain; crawling over and under obstacles.
Skin irritation from contact with insects and vegetation.
Interaction with native and feral animal life.
Surface Soil Sampling
Chemical
0
0
0
0
Skin contact with potentially-contaminated
soil.
Ingestion of contaminated materials from hand-to-mouth contact.
Inhalation
of volatile contaminants or volatile fraction of semivolatile
contaminants.
Absorption of constituents through the skin.
Physical/Environmental
l
0
0
0
3.5.3
Slips/trips/falls - sloped, uneven terrain; crawling over and under obstacles.
Skin irritation from contact with insects and vegetation.
Interaction with native and feral animal life.
Muscle strain from boring with hand auger.
Temporary
Monitoring
Well Installation
(Geoprobe)
Chemical
0
0
0
0
Potentially-contaminated mud, soil, or groundwater to be splashed onto body or in
eyes.
Ingestion of contaminated materials from hand-to-mouth contact.
Inhalation
of volatile contaminants or volatile fraction of semivolatile
contaminants.
Absorption of groundwater through the skin.
Physical/Environmental
0
0
0
0
0
0
3.5.4
Elevated noise levels from heavy equipment operation.
Slips/trips/falls - sloped, uneven terrain; crawling over and under obstacles.
Skin irritation from contact with insects and vegetation..
Interaction with native and feral animal life.
Contact with underground utility lines.
Review Attachment B safety instruction information on Geoprobe use
Monitoring
Well Development
Chemical
0
l
Potential for groundwater to be splashed onto body or in eyes.
Ingestion of contaminated materials from hand-to-mouth contact.
3-4
0
Inhalation
of
contaminants.
volatile
contaminants
or volatile
fraction
of semivolatile
Physical/Environmental
0
0
0
3.5.5
Slips/trips/falls - sloped, uneven terrain.
Skin irritation from contact with insects and vegetation.
Interaction with native and feral animal life.
Groundwater
Sampling
Chemical
0
0
0
0
Potential for contaminated groundwater or bottle preservative to be splashed onto
body or in eyes.
Ingestion of contaminated materials from hand-to-mouth contact.
Inhalation of volatile contaminants or volatile fraction of semivolatile contaminants
emitting from the well opening.
Adsorption of groundwater through the skin.
Physical/Environmental
0
3.5.6
Skin irritation from contact with insects and vegetation.
Subsurface
Sampling - Geoprobe Soil Boring
Chemical
0
0
0
l
Potential for contaminated mud, soil, or groundwater to be splashed onto body or
in eyes.
Skin contact with potentially-contaminated
soil.
Ingestion of potentially-contaminated
soils from hand-to-mouth contact.
Inhalation
of volatile contaminants or volatile
fraction of semivolatile
contaminants.
Physical/Environmental
0
0
l
0
0
0
0
Elevated noise levels from heavy equipment operations.
Muscle strain from lifting hazards.
Skin irritation from contact with insects and vegetation.
Contact with underground utilities.
Interaction with native and feral animal life.
Slips/trips/falls from sloped, uneven terrain; crawling over and under obstacles,
Review Attachment B safety instruction information on Geoprobe use
3-5
4.0
SITE CONTROL
Measures need to be addressed in the HASP for managing the daily control of the site (i.e., access,
site conditions, etc.). The following subsections provide a discussion of each site control measure
that will be consistent for activities at the various SWMUs where the Baker confirmatory sampling
will be undertaken..
4.1
Site Access
The Site Manager is designated to coordinate overall access and security at each SWMU under
investigation. Perimeters will be established according to the site boundary procedures identified
in Section 4.3, local conditions, the items listed below, and Navy Activity requirements.
4.2
0
Personnel will not be permitted within the Work Zone (i.e., Exclusion Zone) or
Contamination Reduction Zone without proper authorization from the SHSO.
0
All personnel arriving or departing the site will be documented in the site log book.
0
All activities on site must be cleared through the Site Manager and documented in
the site log book.
a
The on-site Command Post will be established at the Baker Field Trailer,
located at Lot 203 Holcomb Blvd.
which is
Site Conditions
Before activity begins at each SWMU, a review of site conditions will be reviewed by the Site
Manager and SHSO. Any site conditions that can effect the safety and health of the field crews will
be reviewed during mobilization at each SWMU.
4.3
Work Zones
Work zones will be delineated to reduce the accidental spread of hazardous substances and to keep
unauthorized personnel from entering the work zones. The sections below identify the requirements
based on the level of protection in use.
4.3.1
Level C Activities
If an upgrade to Level C is required the following
boundaries will be physically established:
0
Work Zone - The area where the primary investigation
activity occurs.
0
Hotline - The boundary between the Work Zone and CRZ.
0
CRZ - The area between the Work Zone and the Support Zone which is located
upwind of the site investigative activities.
0
Contamination
Zone.
Control Line - The boundary between the CRZ and the Support
4-l
0
Support Zone - The outermost area next to the CRZ and upwind of the site
investigative activities.
These boundaries will be demarcated using colored boundary tape, cones, or equivalent for the
Hotline or the Decontamination Corridor of the CRZ and/or barriers for the Contamination Control
Line such as posted signs and/or barricades.
4.3.2
Level D and D+ Activities
The SHSO is responsible for determining if physical boundaries will be needed around each work
area. This determination will be based on the surrounding activities and the health and safety of the
field crews and bystanders.
4.4
“Buddv System”
Activities at each SWMIJ that involve intrusive and sampling activities that present a potential for
contact with hazardous materials will be performed by a work team of no fewer than two people
(i.e., Buddy System).
4.5
Safe Work Practices
General safe work practices for each task will be reviewed during the HASP training.
work practices may consist of:
0
0
0
l
4.6
Routine safe
Conducting operations in a manner to reduce exposure of personnel and equipment.
Implementing appropriate decontamination procedures.
Conducting sampling activities from an upwind location.
Adherence to applicable safety regulations in OSHA Standards 29 CFR 19 10 and
1926.
Setting up barriers to exclude unauthorized personnel from contaminated areas.
Minimizing
the number of personnel and equipment at each area under
investigation.
Establishing work zones within each area under investigation.
Establishing control points for ingress to and egress from work zones.
Sanitation
Procedures/Site
Precautions
Provisions for sanitation procedures and site precautions to be followed on site are outlined below.
0
A supply of clearly marked potable water, tightly closed, and equipped with a tap.
0
Single service disposal cups.
0
Outlets for non-potable water, clearly marked, for fire fighting or other purposes.
Cross-contamination of the potable supply shall be prevented.
4-2
0
One toilet facility for up to 20 personnel which is either chemical, recirculating,
combustion, or flush, depending on local code requirements. Two toilet facilities
will be required for greater than 20 personnel.
A place for food handling meeting applicable laws or suitable alternatives to such
facilities will be provided (i.e., nearby restaurants, food wagons, etc.).
Clean wash water will be available in the decontamination zone during Level C or
B activities, as well as each Baker Field Vehicle and the Baker Field Trailer.
Eating, drinking, chewing gum or tobacco, smoking, or any practice that increases
the probability of hand-to-mouth transfer and ingestion of material is prohibited in
any area designated as contaminated. Smoking will also not be allowed in areas
where flammable materials are present. Hands and face must be thoroughly washed
before breaking for meals and upon leaving the site. “Contaminated” work
garments are not to be worn off site.
0
Whenever decontamination procedures for outer garments are in effect, the entire
body should be thoroughly washed as soon as possible after the protective garment
is removed.
Contact lenses are not Dermitted to be worn on site.
Facial hair, which interferes with a satisfactory fit of the mask-to-face seal, is not
permitted on personnel who are or may be required to wear respirators.
Contact with contaminated or potentially-contaminated
surfaces should be avoided.
Wherever possible, do not walk through puddles, leachate, discolored surfaces,
lean, sit or place equipment on drums/containers.
l
Medicine and alcohol can potentiate the effects of exposure to toxic chemicals,
therefore, prescribed drugs should only be taken by personnel when approved by
a qualified physician. Alcoholic beverage intake should be minimized or avoided
during after-hour operations.
Alcoholic
beverages and firearms are prohibited on site.
All site personnel will observe any posted sign, warning, fence, or barrier posted
around contaminated areas.
Site personnel must wear the proper attire while on site. At a minimum, this will
include steel-toed boots, work pants (e.g., jeans or other durable material), and work
shirt (e.g., short or long-sleeved, made of a durable material). Tank tops, muscle
shirts, and sweat pants are not permitted.
4-3
5.0
ENVIRONMENTAL
MONITORING
Environmental monitoring will be performed during the geoprobe and sampling activities. Due to
the short duration and variability of field tasks real-time air monitoring will be used to assess action
levels. The action levels for the PID are based on a “worst-case” contaminated &hour TWA-PEL
of 1 ppm (i.e., benzene, etc.), and are consistent with those listed by the USEPA in Section 6.9, of
the Standard Operating Safety Guides (June, 1992).
Personal monitoring will be accomplished using real-time environmental monitoring instrumentation
directed at the breathing zone (BZ) (the area bordered by the outside of the shoulders and from the
mid-chest to the top of the head) of work party personnel. Breathing zone monitoring will be
performed each time a reading is taken at the point source (i.e., after well is opened for groundwater
sampling, after breaking ground for soil sampling, etc.). The guidelines below identify the
protection levels required according to the concentrations measured using each piece of equipment.
(1)
0
[email protected]) = Level D/D+
0
21 mu (meter unit) above background for up to 1 continuous minute in the BZ
=Stop work and consult the PHSO
0
>5 mu above background for up to 15 continuous minutes in the BZ = Stop work
and consult the PHSO
0
Instantaneous peak concentrations > 10 mu in the BZ = Stop work and consult the
PHSO
(2)
PID with 10.2 eV ultraviolet lamp set on the 1X Scale.
Background is typically 1 to 2 mu
5.1
Eauhment
Maintenance
and Calibration
Equipment calibration under the direction of the SHSO will be completed daily before use and
calibration information entered into the field log book. Copies of this information will be given to
the Project Manager at the completion of the field work.
Procedures for equipment maintenance and calibration follow those guidelines found in the
operating manual provided by the manufacturer (included with each piece of equipment) or in
Baker’s Standard Oneratine Procedures for Administrative. Field. and Technical Activities Manual.
5.2
Monitoriw
Documentation
As environmental monitoring is performed, documentation of the results will be entered into the
Field Log Book of the SHSO or other personnel performing the monitoring. Documentation is to
include the date, time, instrument result, general location, and specific location such as point source,
breathing zone, or area, and weather conditions during the monitoring time period. Copies of the
Field Log Book with the air monitoring information will given to the Project Manager at the
completion of the field work.
5-1
6.0
PERSONAL
PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT
Based on the information provided in Section 3.0, Site Characterization, the levels of protection and
corresponding PPE have been designated for the following field activities.
Upgrading or
downgrading the level of protection will be based on realtime monitoring, working conditions, and
the discretion of the SHSO.
Note: No single combination of protective equipment and clothing is capable of protection against
all hazards. PPE should be used in conjunction with safe work practices, effective decontamination,
and good persona1 hygiene.
EXCEPT IN EMERGENCY
SITUATIONS,
CHANGES TO THE SPECIFIED LEVELS OF
PROTECTION SHALL ONLY BE MADE WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE SHSO AND THE
SITE MANAGER, IN CONSULTATION
WITH THE PHSO AND PROJECT MANAGER.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING: Table 6- 1 summarizes the level of protective clothing required for the
field task to be performed at the site.
6-1
7.0
DECONTAMINATION
PROCEDURES
Procedures to follow for the decontamination of personnel and equipment, as well as handling of
materials generated during decontamination, are discussed in the following sections.
7.1
Personnel
Decontamination
Personnel leaving the Work Zone will be thoroughly decontaminated. The following protocol will
be used for the decontamination stations according to levels of protection assigned to each field
activity:
Level D
1. Equipment
drop
I
2. Hand/Face
wash
3. Equipment
wipe down
Level D+
1. Equipment drop
Level C
1. Equipment drop
2. Inner glove
2.
removal/disposal
I
I
3. Coverall removal/ 3.
disposal*
4.
4. Hand/face wash
Outer boot and
glove wash
Outer boot and
glove rinse
Tape Removal
7. Respirator removal
8. Inner glove
removal/
disposal
9. Hand/face wash
10. Respirator
cleaning/
sanitizing
11. Equipment
cleaning
*Optional - depends on degree of contamination
The following
decontamination
0
0
0
0
0
a
and type of PPE used.
equipment is required for Level C protection levels:
Two small tubs (one set of wash and rinse water)
Scrub brush
Towels*
Hand and face wash capability*
Pressurized sprayers for rinsing
Contaminated clothing disposal bag or drum*
7-1
0
0
0
*Minimum
7.2
Contaminated liquids disposal drum
Respirator cleaning solution
Liquinox and water as the decontamination
solution
for Level D decontamination.
Effectiveness
of Personnel Decontamination
The effectiveness of site decontamination methods will be evaluated by the SHSO on a periodic
basis. This evaluation may include the observation of personnel decontamination, inspection of PPE
before and after decontamination, and questioning site personnel for signs and symptoms of
exposure. Additional measures may also be employed by the SHSO at their discretion.
7-2
8.0
EMERGENCY
8.1
Scope
PROCEDURES
The activities to be conducted under this HASP are not remediation (cleanup), but investigative;
therefore the potential for a “release” to air, water, or soil is low. However, other emergencies, such
as fire or personal injury may occur. If so, local emergency response groups will be called in to
handle the incident, as necessary.
8.2
Pre-Emewencv
PlanninE
All applicable Navy/local emergency response contacts (On-Scene Commander, Fire Department,
Security, Ambulance, Hospital, etc.) at MCB Cam Lejeune will be contacted prior to or during site
mobilization activities. This notification will be performed by the SHSO and/or Site Manager. The
information discussed may include:
0
0
l
l
l
l
l
A description of site activities.
Anticipated site hazards.
Hazardous chemicals/materials brought on site.
Expected length of time on site.
Specific requirements the emergency response facilities may require.
Confirmation of emergency phone numbers.
Security measures that must be followed by site personnel.
Specific points of contact, where applicable, will be established and added to the HASP. If
requested, Material Safety Data Sheets for hazardous chemicals/materials brought on site (which are
maintained at the Command Post), will be provided at this time.
8.3
Emewency
Coordinator
The SHSO acting as the Emergency Coordinator is responsible for field implementation of these
Emergency Procedures. The Emergency Coordinator is responsible for reacting (not responding)
to emergencies. As the Emergency Coordinator, specific duties include:
l
Familiarizing
all on-site personnel with the emergency procedures and the
emergency coordinator’s authority.
l
Identifying
l
Communicating site emergency procedures and requirements to all Baker and
subcontractor personnel.
l
Specifying the Site Manager as the backup/alternate
l
Controlling activities of subcontractors and contacting the emergency response
groups, as necessary.
the nearest telephone in the event of an emergency.
8-1
Emergency Coordinator.
0
Anticipating, identifying, and assessing fires, explosions, chemical releases, and
other emergency situations to the best of the coordinator’s ability, and providing
this information to the emergency group(s) responding.
0
Familiarity
with site personnel trained in emergency first aid and adult CPR.
All on-site personnel, whether involved in emergency response or not, will be notified of their
responsibilities by the Emergency Coordinator in an emergency. They will be familiar with the
emergency procedures and the Emergency Coordinator’s authority.
8.4
Communications/Teleuhone
Numbers
Internal communications will rely on direct communication (via verbal or two-way radios) between
site personnel. External communications will employ a telephone located in the Baker Field Trailer,
a mobile telephone for emergency use, and various telephones located throughout the Base (near the
investigation areas). Telephone communication at the Command Post will be established during site
mobilization.
The “Buddy System” will be in effect at all times; any failure of communication
evaluation of whether personnel should discontinue activities.
requires an
Air horns will be used for communication during emergency evacuation of personnel. One
long (3 second) air horn blast is the emergency signal to indicate that all personnel should
evacuate the Work Zone.
Coordination between Baker and subcontractor personnel is the responsibility of the Site Manager.
The best means for securing the lines of communication will be determined at the pre-entry briefing.
Emergency telephone numbers will be posted in the Baker Field Trailer and maintained in each
Baker Field Vehicle. The list of emergency phone numbers is presented in Table 8- 1.
8.5
Assembly Area
In the event of an emergency, personnel will be instructed to meet initially at the Baker Field
Vehicle and eventually at the Baker Field Trailer. Where applicable, personnel will exit the work
area through the contamination reduction zone. If either location is inappropriate, an alternate
assembly area will be designated by the Emergency Coordinator in an upwind location from the site.
At this location, emergency needs will be provided such as:
0
0
0
0
8.6
Assembly for evacuated personnel
First aid for injured personnel
Decontamination material
Communications
EmerFencv Hosnital
Route
An emergency hospital route map and written directions to the hospitals will be posted in the Baker
Field Trailer and maintained in the Baker Field Vehicle. Personnel will be informed of the location
8-2
of the maps and the directions to the hospitals during the pre-entry briefing. The hospital route maps
includes directions to the MCB Camp Lejeune Base Hospital and the Onslow County Hospital. The
maps depict the locations from MCB Camp Lejeune (Figure 8-l), Camp Geiger and the Air Station
(Figure 8-2). The written directions from these areas are provided in Table 8-2.
8.7
Emewencv
Medical
Treatment
This section provides information
emergency telephone numbers.
Emergency
Medical
on the nearest emergency medical facility and corresponding
Services
For chemical and nonchemical exposure incidents, the nearest public hospital is:
Name:
Address:
On-Base Telephone No.
Off-Base Telephone No.
Note
Onslow County Memorial
3 17 Western Blvd.
5 57-2240
910-557-2240
Hospital
In extreme emergencies at MCB Camp Lejeune, personnel may be transported to Building
NH 100 (Naval Hospital) for initial treatment.
Local ambulance service is available from the base ambulance service at 911 and the City of
Jacksonville at 9 1O-455-9 119. Contact will be made with emergency personnel prior to the start of
activities (see Section 8.2).
8.8
Iniuries
If injuries are not serious or life threatening, affected personnel may be transported by other site
personnel to the local medical facility, if necessary. Emergency medical response personnel will
be contacted in the event of serious or multiple injuries. Medical personnel will be provided with
all available information regarding the nature of the incident, chemicals involved, etc. Instances
requiring treatment beyond “first aid” will be handled at appropriate facilities and reported to the
Project Manager and PHSO within 24 hours.
There will be a minimum of two persons during each phase of field activities that will be trained in
standard first aid and adult CPR. These personnel will also be familiar with Baker’s program for
potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens as outlined in the Baker Safety SOPS in Attachment A.
Subcontractors will be responsible for securing proper medical attention for their employees. Baker
may assist the subcontractor as necessary.
8.8.1
Physical Injury
If an employee working in a contaminated area is physically injured, first aid procedures are to be
followed. If the employee can be moved, he/she will be taken to the edge of the work area and
decontaminated, if necessary (refer to Section 8.9). Depending on the severity of the injury,
emergency medical response from base personnel may be sought to stabilize victim for transport to
public hospitals. Emergency first aid may be administered by Baker personnel prior to transporting
to an awaiting ambulance or to a local emergency medical facility, as appropriate.
8-3
8.8.2
Chemical
Injury
If the injury to a worker is chemical in nature (e.g., direct contact/exposure),
procedures are to be instituted:
0
first aid
Eye Exposure - If contaminated solid or liquid gets into the eyes, wash the eyes
immediately at the 15minute emergency eyewash station (or with the personal eye
wash bottle when an eye wash station is not immediately available).
Obtain
medical attention immediately.
NOTE:
8.8.3
the following
Contact lenses will not be worn while working at any site.
0
Skin Exposure - If contaminated solid or liquid gets on the skin, promptly wash the
contaminated skin using soap or mild detergent and water. If solids or liquids
penetrate through the clothing, remove the clothing immediately and wash the skin
using soap or mild detergent and water. Obtain medical attention immediately.
0
Swallowing. - If contaminated solid or liquid has been swallowed, immediately
contact the Duke Regional Poison Control Center Poison Control Center at
l-800-672-1697.
Do not induce vomiting in an unconscious person. Obtain
medical attention as directed by the Poison Control Center.
0
Breathing - If a person has difficulty breathing, move the exposed person to fresh
air at once. If breathing is not evident, check for pulse and perform appropriate first
aid, either rescue breathing or CPR, depending on the condition. Obtain medical
attention immediately.
Snakebite
Injury
In the event of a snakebite injury, the following
procedures will be followed.
Look for signs and symptoms such as the characteristic appearance of two small holes, usually about
a half inch apart, with surrounding discoloration, swelling, and pain. Systemic signs (which may
or may not occur) include weakness, sweating, faintness, and signs of shock.
Provide treatment as follows:
1.
Calm the victim and keep affected area still.
2.
Contact ambulance if you cannot provide victim with transportation to the nearest
hospital.
3.
Wash the wound.
4.
Keep the affected area below the level of the heart if bite is on the arm or leg.
5.
Treat for shock.
6.
Monitor airway, breathing, and circulation.
8-4
8.8.4
7.
Obtain physical description of snake, if possible.
8.
Provide the emergency medical responder (either the ambulance attendant or the
emergency room at the hospital) with all pertinent information such as how long
ago the bite occurred, the type of snake (if known), any known allergic conditions
(if known), etc.
9.
Inform the SHSO as soon as possible.
Spider Bite Injury
The emergency treatment for the black widow spider bite is basic life support. Sometimes the
individual is not even aware of having been bitten, or where. Apply cold to the site of the bite if it
can be identified. There is a specific antivenin for this spider bite that must be administered by a
physician. It is particularly important to identify the spider, and bring it in, if you can.
The emergency treatment for the brown recluse spider is similar to that for the black widow spider
except that these bites need local surgical treatment, and these patients should be brought to the
hospital. Again, if possible, identification of the spider should be carried out.
8.9
Personal Protection
and First Aid Ecyipment
PPE available for emergency response will include the following:
a
l
0
0
0
Polyvinyl chloride boots
[email protected] suits, polyethylene coated and uncoated
Nitrile gloves (inner and outer)
Neoprene and nitrile gloves (outer)
Safety glasses
PPE and first aid equipment will be available in the support zone (i.e., Baker Field Vehicle and
Baker Field Trailer).
Emergency and first aid equipment can be found at the following
Fire Extinguisher:
First aid kit:
Air Horn:
Emergency Eye
Wash Station:
locations:
Baker Field Trailer and Contractor Field Vehicle
Baker Field Trailer and Baker Field Vehicle
With Personnel
Near Area With Greatest Potential for Chemical
8-5
SDktSh/EXDOSUre
8.11
Notification
If the Emergency Coordinator determines that the site has an uncontrolled situation, such as a spill,
fire, or explosion, that could threaten human health or the environment, the coordinator will
immediately call the Base Fire Department, the Activity Contact, the Project Manager, and the NTR
as soon as possible. The notification report will include:
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8.12
Description of incident (e.g., release, fire).
Name and telephone number of individual reporting the emergency.
Location of incident.
Name and quantity of material (s) involved (if known).
The extent of injuries and number of casualties.
The possible hazards to human health or the environment and recommended
cleanup procedures.
Assistance that is requested.
Hazard Assessment
The Emergency Coordinator will assess possible hazards to human health or the environment that
may result from an uncontrolled situation, to the best of the individual’s abilities, incorporating the
following steps, as appropriate.
0
Assess the immediate need to protect human health and safety.
0
Identify the materials involved in the incident including exposure and/or release
pathways and the quantities of materials involved.
0
Inform appropriate personnel, as identified in Section 8.11, who will determine if
release of material(s) meets USEPA requirements for reportable quantities for spills
under the RCRA or Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and
Liability Act (CERCLA).
This assessment may consider both the direct and indirect effects of the chemical release, fire,
explosion, or severe weather conditions (e.g., the effects of any toxic, irritating, or asphyxiating
gases that are liberated).
8.13
Security
During activation of these Emergency Procedures, the Emergency Coordinator or his/her designated
representative will control access to the site and maintain an incident log until the appropriate
personnel, such as the Navy On-Scene Commander, arrives and takes control. The incident log will
include:
0
0
0
a
Activities that have occurred since the incident was first reported.
Tasks currently being performed and where.
Rescue and response equipment used.
Protective equipment being used.
8-6
8.14
Emerpencv Alertiq
This section outlines the emergency alerting procedures according to the location and type of
emergency.
Personnel Injury
in the Work Zone:
0
Initiate a verbal warning or one long airhorn blast and move all unaffected site
personnel to the support zone (for Level D/D+) or the CRZ (for Level C or higher).
l
Send the rescue team into the Work Zone (if required) to remove the injured person
to the hotline.
0
Have the SHSO and/or Site Manager evaluate the nature of the injury and assure
that the affected person is decontaminated according to Section 8.9.
0
If required, contact an ambulance and/or the designated medical facility.
In all situations when an on-site emergency results in evacuation of the Work Zone, personnel shall
not reenter until:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Personnel Injury
The
The
The
Site
conditions resulting in the emergency have been corrected.
hazards have been reassessed.
HASP has been reviewed and, if appropriate, modified.
personnel have been briefed on any changes in the HASP.
in the Support Zone:
0
The Site Manager and SHSO will assessthe nature of the injury; if the cause of the
injury or loss of the injured person does not affect the performance of other site
personnel, operations may continue.
0
If the injury increases the risk to others, a verbal warning or one long airhom blast
shall be sounded and all remaining site personnel will move to the command post
for further instructions.
0
Activities
on site will stop until the added risk is mitigated.
Fire/Explosion:
0
Initiate a verbal warning or one long airhom blast and move all site personnel to the
support zone (for Level D/D+) or the CRZ (for Level C or higher).
0
Alert the fire and security departments and move all nonessential personnel to the
Baker Command Post to await further instructions.
l
Activities
will stop until the added risk is mitigated.
8-7
Personal Protective
Failure:
0
If any site worker experiences difficulty, failure, or alteration of protective
equipment that affects the protection factor, that person and his/her buddy shall
immediately cease work activities, leave the Work Zone, and repair or replace the
defective equipment.
0
Reentry will not be permitted until the equipment has been repaired or replaced.
Other Equipment
0
8.15
Equipment
Failure’:
If any other equipment on site fails to operate properly, the Field Team Leader shall
notify the Site Manager and SHSO to determine the effect of this failure on site
operations.
If the failure affects the safety of site personnel, work with the
equipment will cease until the situation is evaluated and appropriate actions taken.
Trainiw
Site personnel will read the details in the Emergency Procedures prior to the pre-entry briefing.
Emergency Procedures will be reviewed by site personnel during the pre-entry briefing.
8.16
Suill Containment
The
Procedures
In the event that a small (less than the reportable quantity), easily-controlled spill of hazardous
substances (e.g., gasoline, oil, etc.) occurs during the implementation of field activities, spill
containment will be utilized to prevent the additional migration of contaminants through the site
area. Large, uncontrolled spills will be handled by qualified response organizations under the
direction of qualified Base personnel and/or Navy On-Scene Commander.
Specific spill containment procedures will be dependent on the type of materials spilled and the type
of environment affected. Potential spill containment procedures may include diking with absorbent
material/pads, then removal or containment of the contaminated materials. Spill containment
materials will be located within close proximity to the storage area of the hazardous substances in
a manner such that the pathway remains accessible and free of obstructions. Spill containment
materials available on site may include:
0
0
l
0
Vermiculite
Ground corn cobs
Dirt or sand
Shovel
8-8
9.0
TRAINING
REQUIREMENTS
Training requirements for site personnel are outlined in the sections below.
9.1
General
All Baker employees, subcontractors, or other personnel entering the site will need to have received
training in compliance with the OSHA Standard 29 CFR 19 10.120. Baker employees engaged in
field activities which potentially expose workers to hazardous substances receive a minimum of 40
hours of instruction off site, and a minimum of three days actual field experience under the direct
supervision of a trained, experienced supervisor. Key points of the 40-hour training include field
demonstrations, respiratory fit testing and training, risk assessment, toxicology, chemical reactivity,
use of monitoring equipment, downrange work procedures, site safety procedures, levels of
protection, protective clothing, decontamination, and practical field exercises (e.g., donning, doffing,
and working in personal protective ensembles for personal protection Levels A, B, and C).
In addition to the initial 40-hour training program, Baker requires site employees to receive an
annual S-hour refresher training course on the items specified by the 29 CFR 19 10.120 standard.
The general purpose of the 8-hour refresher is to ensure that personnel retain the knowledge
necessary to be adequately protected and stay current with proper site health and safety procedures.
Baker also requires that personnel involved with on-site employee supervision receive, in addition
to 40 hours initial training and three days of supervised field experience, at least eight additional
hours of specialized training at the time of job assignment. Training topics include, but are not
limited to, the employer’s safety and health program and the associated employee training program,
personal protective equipment program, spill containment program, and health hazard monitoring
procedures and techniques. The 8-hour supervisory training is required to ensure that supervisors
have the knowledge necessary to understand and use the various Health and Safety Programs and
to implement the elements of the HASP.
9.2
Site-SDecific Trainirq
Site-specific training, as discussed in Section 1.4, will consist of an initial health and safety briefing
on the following information:
0
Names of individuals responsible for site health and safety and methods of
communicating safety and health concerns.
0
Roles and responsibilities
l
Site-specific health and safety hazards.
0
Use of PPE.
0
Work practices by which employees can minimize risk.
0
Safe use of equipment on site.
0
Recognition of symptoms and signs of exposure to hazardous materials.
of site personnel.
9-l
0
Use of monitoring
equipment.
0
Site control measures.
0
Decontamination
0
Emergency procedures.
procedures.
The SHSO will conduct the initial site-specific training prior to the initiation of field activities for
each new area under investigation.
9-2
10.0
MEDICAL
10.1
General
SURVEILLANCE
REQUIREMENTS
All personnel who may be exposed to materials having potentially adverse and deleterious health
effects, obtain medical clearance from Baker’s Board Certified Occupational Health Physician in
accordance with 29 CFR 1910.120(f) prior to entry onto any site. Baker’s corporate medical
surveillance program establishes a medical baseline and monitors for symptoms of overexposure for
individuals who participate in Preliminary Assessments, Site Inspections, Remedial Investigations,
Feasibility Studies, and construction-phase services at sites covered by the Department of Labor,
OSHA, Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard, 29 CFR 19 10.120. The
program will include a medical and work history and is intended to determine the individual’s
capability for performing on-site work, including wearing chemical protective clothing and
respiratory protective equipment in a thermally-stressed environment.
All Baker employees that will be engaged in site activities covered by the 29 CFR 19 10.120 standard
receive a Group III physical examination by a licensed physician who has provided information on
the individual’s site activities and exposure or anticipated exposure levels. This exam is received
initially upon hire, then once every 12 months thereafter. More frequent medical examinations,
consultations, and/or laboratory testing will be provided if the examining physician determines that
an increased frequency of examination is required. A complete Group III medical exam includes
parameters such as height, weight, vision, temperature, blood pressure, and a complete review of
occupational and medical histories. Other tests in a Group III exam include chest x-rays,
electrocardiogram, spirometry, urinalysis, and blood tests.
10.2
Site SDecific
Prior to entry onto the site, all personnel, including subcontractors, will be required to provide
medical clearance to the SHSO from their company physician in accordance with 29 CFR
1910.120(f), stating that they are physically capable of performing the activities required of them.
The need for additional monitoring, dependent on information obtained during the site
characterization, will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. However, in the event that site
employees are injured, receive a health impairment, develop signs or symptoms which may have
resulted from exposure to hazardous substances resulting from an emergency incident, or are
exposed during an emergency incident to hazardous substances at concentrations that are or may be
above the permissible exposure limits or the published exposure levels without the necessary
personal protective equipment being used, medical examinations and/or consultations shall be
performed according to the following schedule:
1.
As soon as possible following
symptoms.
the emergency incident or development of signs or
2.
At additional times, if the examining physician determines that follow-up
examinations or consultations are medically necessary.
10-l
11.0
HEALTH
AND SAFETY
PLAN APPROVAL
This HASP has been reviewed by the following
Tammi A. Halapin
personnel prior to submission to LANTDIV.
Project Manager
Signature/Date
Ronald Krivan
PHSO
Signature/Date
11-1
12.0
DECLARATION
OF HEALTH
AND SAFETY
PLAN REVIEW*
All site personnel indicated below have reviewed and are familiar with this Health and Safety Plan
for the confirmatory sampling at the SWMUs.
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date/Time)
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date/Time)
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date/Time)
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date/Time)
(Name-Print)
(Company)
(Name-Sign)
(Date/Time)
*This page is to be reproduced to accommodate the numbers of personnel who receive training prior
to performing activities or visiting a site, and is to remain in the Baker Field Trailer (or Baker Field
Vehicle in the absence of a trailer) until demobilization.
Page --
of
12-l
---
P-w
----s
TABLES
TABLE
3-1
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
unber
SWMU Name
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
PLAN, CT0 - 0371
Description
Wastesand/or Hazardous
Constituents Managed
2
1700 Pond A
Base Maintenance
Coal Water Settling Pond Surface Impoundment
1985 - Present
Reinforced concrete 80 x 40 x 10 ft; the pond
captures runoff from the coal storage area.
Coal, water (source: steam
plant); polynuclear
aromatics, sulfur bearing
compounds, and heavy
metals may be present
5
575 Rack
2nd LAI, 2D MAR DIV
Wash Rack - Surface
Impoundment
Unknown Present
Concrete 50 ft x 30 fi; concrete vehicle
washracks. Constructed in 1980s. Associated
washwater collection structure and oil/water
separator.
Oil, grease, and fuel
43
IR Number 11
PestControl Shop
CERCLA Site - Storage Area
1976 - Present
Area used as a disposal area for radioactivecontaminated animal carcasses. The site was
remediated for this problem in 1977. In 1976,
the site was used as a pesticide/herbicide
storage area. Area contains a curbed wash
area and an oil/water separator.
Pesticides; herbicides, fuel
oil
46
IR Number 15
Montford Point Dump Site (1948
- 1958)
CERCLA Site - Former
Disposal Area
1948 - 1958
Former area of disposed sewage treatment
sludge.
Litter, asphalt, STP sludge,
and sand
53
IR Number 26
Coal Storage Area
CERCLA Site - Storage Area
Present
300 ft x 300 ft concrete area used for the
storage of coal piles (for steam plant).
Coal storage runoff
89
SLCH785 - Basin
BaseMaintenance
Oil/Water Separator
Not currently
being used
Concrete 15 ft x 10 ft separator. Associated
with vehicle wash rack.
Oily water
253
1205 - AST
H&S Company HQSVC CO 2D
MEF
Aboveground Storage Tank
AST Removed
(present in July
1994)
Steel - 500 gallons.
Used oil
(Sheet 1 of 9)
TABLE
3-1 (Continued)
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
S’
N umber
SWMU Name
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
PLAN, CT0
- 0371
Description
Wastesand/or Hazardous
Constituents Managed
254
1408 Dumpster
Base Motor Transport
Dumpster - Solid Waste
1960 - Present
6 ft x 6 ft x 7 fi steel container with steel
cover.
Solid waste
255
1502 -O/W-l
MCB Logistics Vehicle
Maintenance
Oil/Water Separator and Grit
Chamber
Unknown
Concrete with steel grate; grit chamber 7 ft x 7
ft x 2 ft; oil/water separator 15 ft x 10 fi x 4 ft.
Waste oil, grease,soap, grit ’
and water
256
1700 -O/W-l
Base Maintenance
Oil/Water Separator
1984 - Present
Concrete 15 fi x 25 ft x 12 ft deep in - ground
oil/water separator.
Wastes associatedwith No. 6
fuel oil from Services
Loading Area
257
1700 - o/W-2
Base Maintenance
Oil/Water Separator
1984 - Present
Concrete 15 ft x 15 ft x 10 ft; Steam water
used to heat No. 6 fuel oil (past) and No. 2
fuel oil is passedthrough the separator.
Oil/water waste from No. 6
and No. 2 fuel oils generated
from Services Loading Area.
258
s1745 -o/w
Truck Company Operations, HQ
Battery, 2D MAR DIV
Oil/Water Separator and Grit
Chamber
Unknown
Concrete units, elevated, with steel grates,
Waste oil, grease,water, and
potential paint.
260
1780 -O/W-l
Truck Company Maintenance
HQ BN 2D MAR DIV
Oil/Water Separator
1988 - Present
Concrete oil/water separator.
Waste oil, grease, water and
debris
261
1780 - UST-1
Truck Company, Maintenance,
HQ BN, 2D MAR DIV
Underground Storage Tank
1970 - Present
Steel 550 gallons. Associated with SWMU
297.
Oil, grease, water
262
1780 - UST-2
Truck Company, Maintenance,
HQ BN, 2D MAR DIV
Underground Storage Tank
1970 - Present
Steel 550 gallons. Associated with SWMU
298.
Oil, grease, water
(Sheet 2 of 9)
TABLE
3-1 (Continued)
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH
AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
SWMU
Number
SWMU Name
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
PLAN, CT0
- 0371
Description
Wastesand/or Hazardous
Constituents Managed
264
26 11 - Container
Gun Club
Container
Unknown
Asphalt parking and staging area. Currently
used as a staging area for wood chips resulting
from hurricane-damaged trees.
Previous tar material
265
2615 -O/W
Officer’s Club
Oil/Water Separator
Unknown
Concrete unit. Associated with a No. 6 fuel
oil loading unit.
No. 6 fuel oil
268
522 Dumpster
2D MAR DIV
Dumpster - Solid Waste
1960? - Present
6 ft x 6 ft x 7 fi steel container with steel
cover. The location of this dumpster could
not be found during the October 1996 site
visit.
Solid waste
269
816 -O/W
8th Engineer 2D FSSG
Oil/Water Separator
O/W Separator
removed
(present in July
1994)
Oil/water separator associated with a vehicle
wash rack.
Oil/water
272
AS137 -O/W
MCAS
Oil/Water Separator
Unknown
Concrete unit. New construction within last
year.
Oil, gasoline, fuel oil
273
BA 128/BA 105 Dumpster
Dumpster
1960? - Present
6 ft x 6 ft x 7 ft steel container with steel
cover. Not present during October 1996 site
visit. Potentially removed following the
hurricane.
Solid waste
275
BB-48 Dumpster
Construction Shop
Dumpster
Unknown
6 fi x 6 ft x 7 ft steel container with steel
cover.
Solid waste
276
BB-49 Dumpster
BaseMaintenance
Dumpster
1960? - Present
8 ft x fi 8 x 8 ft open steel dumpster. Storm
drain located adjacent to the dumpster.
Solid waste
(Sheet 3 of 9)
TABLE
3-1 (Continued)
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH
AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
SW-MU
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
PLAN, CT0
- 0371
Number
SWMU Name
277
FC 120-O/W
2nd FSSG, Combat Engineer BN
Oil/Water Separator
Unknown
Concrete unit with steel cover.
Oil
279
FC200 - OJW
8th Engineering 2D FSSG
Oil/Water Separator
1973 - Present
Concrete unit located in a highly erosional
area.
Oil, water, diesel
280
FC285 - AST
Maintenance Battalion, 2D FSSG
Aboveground Storage Tank
Unknown;
AST removed
AST no longer present at the site.
Used oil
283
Release(FC279)
8th Motor Transport 2D FSSG
Release
Unknown
Area of soil approximately 20 ft x 5 ft.
Organics
284
S947 - Container
Environmental Management
Division
Container
Roll-off box
has been
removed
Steel roll-off box was formerly present at the
site. Contained POL soil. Box has been
removed, the area was regraded and paved.
Spilled petroleum and soil
285
s947 - o/w
Environmental Management
Division
Oil/Water Separator
Approximately
from 1980 to
present
Concrete in-ground oil/water separator
connected to WWTP
Oil, grease,photo fix, grit
and water
286
S947 - Pile
Environmental Management
Division
Waste Pile
Waste pile
removed
Waste pile was formerly present at the site. It
consisted of POL soil. The pile has been
removed, the area was regarded and paved. A
new structure (Building S-960) was built to
hold the POL soil piles.
Spilled petroleum and soil
291
034 Ditch
5th BN, 10th Marines, 2D MAR
DIV
Stormwater Drainage Ditch
1950? - Present
Earthen ditch and scour hole. Historically
received runoff from Building 1450 oil/water
separator.
Oil, grease,soap, grit and
water
(Sheet 4 of 9)
Description
Wastesandfor Hazardous
Constituents Managed
TABLE
3-1 (Continued)
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH
AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
umber
SWMU Name
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
PLAN, CT0
- 0371
Description
Wastes and/or Hazardous
Constituents Managed
292
1106/l 107 - AST
Motor T - Auto Hobby Shop
MWR
Aboveground Storage Tank
1980 - Present
Steel AST, 500 gallons.
Waste oil and antifreeze
from auto repair/hobby shop
293
1106/l 107 - O/W
Motor T - Auto Hobby Shop
MWR
Oil/Water Separator
1980 - Present
Poured concrete in-ground oil/water separator
with baffles; Outlet connected to WWTP.
Oil filters, waste oil,
antifreeze, and possibly
solvents
294
1203 -O/W
Base Maintenance
Oil/Water Separator
1985 - Present
Concrete 5 x 5 x 3 ft in ground oil/water
separator with baffles.
Oil, water and debris
295
1601 - AST
2D FSSG
Aboveground Storage Tank
Unknown
Used motor oil from military vehicle
maintenance.
Used motor oil
296
1700 - Basin-B
Base Maintenance
Runoff Collection Basin
Unknown
Concrete 300 ft x 300 ft in ground basin
connected to WWTP.
Coal pile runoff; heavy
metals may be present
297
1780 - O/W-2
Truck Company Maintenance,
HQ BN, 2D MAR DIV
Oil/Water Separator
Unknown
Steal unit. Associated with SWMU 26 1.
Oil, grease, water debris
298
1780 - O/W-3
Truck Company Maintenance
HQ BN, 2D MAR DIV
Oil/Water Separator
Unknown
Steel unit. Associated with SWMU 262.
Oil, grease, water debris
299
AS 114 - AST
MCAS Auto Hobby Shop
Aboveground Storage Tank
1992 - Present
Steel, self contained with steps.
Used motor oil from vehicle
maintenance operations
300
AS1 18 - AST
Logistic Motor Transportation
Aboveground Storage Tank
1992 - Present
Steel, self contained with steps.
Used motor oil from vehicle
maintenance operations
(Sheet 5 of 9)
TABLE
3-l (Continued)
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH
AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
PLAN, CT0 - 0371
Number
SWMU Name
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
301
AS41 15 - AST
MHLA 167, MAG 26,2D MAW
Aboveground Storage Tanks
1983 - Present
Two steel tanks with concrete secondary
containment. Labeled as “POL only”.
Used oil, hydraulic fluid, and
fuel
302
AS504 - AST
HMH 362 (AS 566)
Aboveground Storage Tank
1983 - Present
Steel tank with concrete secondary
containment.
Engine oil, hydraulic fluid,
transmission oil
303
AS5 15 - AST-E
HMM 266 HMM 26 1
Aboveground Storage Tank
1983 - Present
Two steel tanks with concrete secondary
containment, labeled as “Hydraulic Fluid,
Engine and Transmission Oils Only, No
Solvents or Other Chemicals.”
Used engine oil, hydraulic
oil, transmission oil
304
BA130 - O/W
Motor T, 2D RECON BN, 2D
MAR DIV
Oil/Water Separator
1980 - Present
In ground oil/water separator connected to
drain field.
Oil, grease,grit and water
305
BB224 - Pile
MCB
Soil Pile
Soil pile has
been removed
Soil pile removed prior to October 1996.
Very little evidence of location of pile.
Greaseand contaminated soil
306
FC230 - O/W- 1
8th Communications BN, 2D
SRIG
Oil/Water Separator
1988 - Present
Concrete 8 ft x 20 ft x 12 fi in ground tank
connected to WWTP.
Oil, grease, water and debris
from vehicle maintenance
operators
307
G649 - Rack
Base Maintenance
Vehicle Wash Rack
Unknown
Concrete 10 ft x 25 fi wash pad with
associated oil/water separator.
Oil, water, grease,debris
308
GP19 - O/W
8th Engineers 2D FSSG
Oil/Water Separator
1983 - Present
Concrete 4 fi x 6 fi x 6 fi in ground oil/water
separator connected to sanitary sewer.
Oil, grease,water from
military vehicle maintenance
operations
309
NH 118-UST
Near Building NH1 18
Underground Storage Tank
Active
Potential UST; Newly installed used oil AST
nearby. May be the UST replacement.
Used oil
SWMU
(Sheet 6 of 9)
Description
Wastesand/or Hazardous
Constituents Managed
TABLE
3-1 (Continued)
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
SWMU
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
PLAN, CT0 - 0371
Description
Wastesand/or Hazardous
Constituents Managed
Number
SWMU Name
310
PT33 - Pond-O/W
MCB Kitchen GreaseContractor
Dewatering Unit
Unknown
Two earthen ponds with concrete O/W
separator used to dewater greaseprior to
disposal in sanitary landfill.
Kitchen grease; base
directives and training
preclude intentional disposal
of non-kitchen or hazardous
waste in greasetrap which
are the source of waste
311
S1619 - O/W
8th Communications BN, 2D
SRIG
Oil/Water Separator
1989 - Present
Concrete in ground oil/water separator
connected to WWTP.
Oil, grease, water and debris
from vehicle maintenance
operations
312
s1735 -o/W
Base Maintenance
Oil/Water Separator
1984 - Present
Concrete in ground oil/water separator
connected to WWTP.
Oil/water, possibly No. 6
fuel oil
313
S1753 - O/W-AST
Small Craft CO; HQ BN, 2D
MAR DIV
Aboveground Storage Tank
and Oil/Water Separator
Unknown
5 x 10 x 8 ft in ground oil/water separator
with steel AST.
Oil, grease,water
314
SMl87 - O/W
Marine Corps Supported
Services School Group
Oil/Water Separator
1990 - Present
Concrete in ground oil/water separator
connected to WWTP.
Oil, water and debris from
military vehicle maintenance
operations
315
SM269 - O/W
Near Building M200
Oil/Water Separator
Active
Concrete in ground unit.
Oil, grease, water and debris,
possibly No. 6 fuel oil
316
TC773 - O/W
School of Infantry
Oil/Water Separator
1985 - Present
Concrete in ground unit connected to WWTP;
flush mounted in parking area.
Oil, water and debris from
military vehicle maintenance
operations
(Sheet 7 of 9)
TABLE
3-1 (Continued)
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH
AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
SWh4U
Number
SWMU Name
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
PLAN, CT0 - 0371
Description
Wastes and/or Hazardous
Constituents Managed
317
TX?453 - Release
Near Building TT2453
Release
Facility does
not appear to
be in use
A one-time release generated from Auto
Care/Tune Up facility. Existing UST
investigations being conducted in the
immediate area.
Oil/grease
318
AS515 -O/w
Near Building AS5 15
Oil/Water Separator
Active
6 ft x 6 ft concrete in ground oil/water
separator.
Oily water
319
Camp Geiger Wastewater
Treatment Plant
Tertiary Wastewater
Treatment Plant
1941 - Present
Fair condition -- The facility has the following
units; influent pump station, grit chamber and
communitors, aerated equalization basin, dual
primary clarifiers, dual trickling filters, dual
secondary clarifiers, dual anaerobic digestors,
sludge drying beds, dural tertiary treatment
units (polymer addition, settling, and sand
filtration), and chlorine contact chamber.
Domestic sewage
336
AS4 106 Paint Stripper
Building 4106, MALS 29
Paint Stripper - Tank
Unknown
Two 5.5 gallon containers elevated about 5 ft
off the ground in an enclosed building; both
containers are about 4 x 3 x 2 ft and made of
either steel or aluminum.
One container holds
methylene chloride used in
stripping paint; the other
contains water and residue
methylene chloride; contents
from both containers are
drained into 55-gallon drums
and disposed of as hazardous
waste
(Sheet 8 of 9)
TABLE
3-1 (Continued)
SWMU BACKGROUND
INFORMATION
SWMU CONFIRMATORY
SAMPLING
HEALTH
AND SAFETY
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
SWMU
Number
SWMU Name
Type of Unit
Period of
Operation
PLAN, CT0 - 0371
Description
Wastes and/or Hazardous
Constituents Managed
337
AS5 18 - Paint Stripper
MALS 26 Maintenance, MAG26,2ND Marine Aircraft Wing
Paint Stripper - Tank
Unknown
Two 5.5 gallon containers elevated about 5 ft
off the ground in an enclosed building; both
containers are about 4 x 3 x 2 fi and made of
either steel or aluminum.
One container holds
methylene chloride use din
stripping paint; the other
contains water and residue
methylene chloride; contents
from both containers are
drained into 55gallon drums
and disposed of as hazardous
waste
339
AS4 146 - Sandblaster
MALS 26
Sandblaster
December
1995 - Present
10 ft x 15 ft enclosed tarp which has
sandblast grit and equipment inside; paint is
removed from equipment inside of the tarp.
Used sand/grit placed in 55-gallon drums.
Disposed as hazardous waste due to lead.
Heavy metals (lead)
(Sheet 9 of 9)
TABLE
PHYSICAL
Chemical Compound
(a>
Hazard Rating
(b)
H F R
3-2
& TOXICOLOGICAL
PROPERTIES
OF CHEMICALS
SWMUs -MCB CAMP LEJEUNE
Volatility
(c)
Skin
Absorp.
Cal-c.
TWA
STEL
IDLH
Cd)
W
(0
(RI
(h)
Volatile:
Benzene
2
3
0
75
No
Yes
1 wm
5 wm
500 ppm
9.24
Ethyl Benzene
2
3
0
7
No
No
100 ppm
125 ppm
800 ppm
8.76
Fuel Oil No. 2
0
2
0
<l
No
Yes
5 mg/m3 (mist)
10 mg/m3
(mist)
<I 1.7
Fuel Oil No. 6
0
2
0
0.2
No
Yes
5 mg/m’ (mist)
10 mg/m’
(mist)
<I 1.7
Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons
0
2
0
<l
No
No
5 mg/m’ (mist)
10 mg/m3
(mist)
c11.7
Toluene
2
3
0
22
No
No
100 ppm
150 ppm
2,000 ppm
8.82
Xylene
2
3
0
7
No
No
100 ppm
150 ppm
900 ppm
8.56
3,000 ppm
11.06
Pesticides:
DDD
NA
NA
Yes
Yes
1 mg/m3
DDE
NA
NA
Yes
Yes
1 mg/m3
182
No
No
100 ppm
2
500
No
Yes
5 ppm
20 mm
1
100
No
No
350 ppm
450 ppm
Chlorinated:
1,l -Dichloroethane
2
1,1-Dichloroethene
24
1, 1,l -Trichloroethane
2
30
1
10.00
700 ppm
11.00
TABLE 3-2 (Continued)
PHYSICAL
Chemical Compound
(a)
Hazard Rating
@I
H F R
& TOXICOLOGICAL
PROPERTIES OF CHEMICALS
SWMUs -MCB CAMP LEJEUNE
Skin
Absorp.
Cart.
TWA
STEL
IDLH
Volatility (c)
Cd)
(e)
03
(g>
@I
100 ppm
1,000 ppm
Trichloroethylene
2
2
0
58
No
Yes
50 mm
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
2
0
0
5
Yes
Yes
1 ppm
100 ppm
Notes:
(a) Chemical compound of potential concern obtained from previous investigation.
(b) Hazard Rating - based upon Health (H), Fire (F), or Reactivity (R) hazard from NFPA 704 Standard Rating System (0 = no hazard, 4 = high hazard)
(c) Volatility Rating - based upon vapor pressure in mm Hg at 68’ F, 20” C
(d) Skin Absorption - “Yes” indicates potential exposure through skin and mucous membranes, either by airborne or, more particularly, by direct contact - ACGIH
(e) Carcinogen - “Yes” indicates a compound is a confirmed or suspect human carcinogen by the IARC, NIOSH, NTP, EPA or ACGIH
(f) TWA - Time Weighted Average from the 1995-1996 TLV - Threshold Limit Value of the ACGIH or OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL), whichever is lower
(g) Short Term Exposure Limit - “STEL” denotes a 15 minute time weighted average which may not be exceeded
(h) IDLH - Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health.
(i)) Ionization Potential - expressed in electron volts (eV) from the NIOSH Pocket Guide To Chemical Hazards
TABLE
SUMMARY
OF PROTECTIVE
6-l
CLOTHING
REQUIREMENTS
Required Personal Protective Equipment
l Steel-toed Safety Boots
l
aSteel-toed Safety Boots
@Safety Glasses
ONitrile Gloves
, l Work Clothes or Coveralls (long sleeves)
Temporary Monitoring
Well Development
Groundwater
Work Clothes or Coveralls (long sleeves)
Sampling
Geoprobe Subsurface
Sampling - Soil Borings
Temporary Monitoring
Well Installation
(Geoprobe)
Modified
D
*Steel-toed Safety Boots
*Safety Glasses
l Nitrile Gloves
OHearing Protection (recommended)
l Work Clothes or Coveralls (long sleeves)
TABLE 8-l
EMERGENCY PHONE NUMBERS
MCB CAMP LEJEUNE
Agency/
Facility
Security
Ambulance (On-Base)
Ambulance (Public)
Hospital Emergency Room (OnBase)
Onslow County Hospital (OffBase)
Emergency One Call
On-Scene Coordinator
Environmental Management
Division (BMD)
Duke Regional Poison Control
Center
National ResponseCenter
CHBMTREC
ATSDR
Phone Number
Off-Base
(910) 45 l-2555
(910) 451-3004 or (910)
45 l-3005
(910)451-9111
(910) 451-4840
(910) 451- 4841
(910) 451- 4842
(910) 577-2240
911 or
(910) 451-9111
(910) 451-3004 or
(910) 451-3005
(910) 451-5815
(9 10) 45 l-5068
Contact
ResponseOperator
Base Fire Dept. Dispatcher
ResponseOperator
ResponseOperator
ResponseOperator
ResponseOperator
Base Fire Dept. Dispatcher
l-800-672- 1697
Fire Chief
Mr. Neal Paul
Ms. Jennifer Casey
Mr. Rick Raines
Mr. Mick Senus
ResponseOperator
l-800-424-8802
l-800-424-9300
l-404-639-0700
ResponseOperator
ResponseOperator
ResponseOperator
TABLE 8-2
HOSPITAL
DIRECTIONS
MCB Camp Lejeune
Directions to the Base Naval Hospital (Building NHlOO)(Refer
(Nearest hospital; only to use in extreme emergency)
1.
2.
3.
4.
to Figure S- 1):
Proceed north to Holcomb Boulevard (towards Route 24).
Turn left onto Brewster Boulevard (heading west).
Continue on Brewster Boulevard until intersection with the driveway to the Naval Hospital.
Turn onto Hospital driveway and proceed to emergency room.
Directions to Onslow County Memorial
Hospital (3 17 Western Boulevard)(Refer
to Figure S- 1):
1. From Holcomb Boulevard exit base through the main gate.
2. Follow Highway 24 west until intersecting with Western Boulevard.
3. Turn right onto Western Boulevard.
4. The Onslow County Hospital is on the left, approximately 2 miles (fifth light) from Highway
24.
Air Station and Camp Geiger
Directions to the Onslow County Hospital (3 17 Western Boulevard)(Refer
to Figure S-2):
1. Proceed through the main gate make a right and head north on Ocean Highway 17.
2. Follow Ocean Highway 17 north to Highway 24 and head east.
3. Travel east until Western Boulevard, make a left onto Western Boulevard.
4. The Onslow County Hospital is on the left, approximately 2 miles (fifth light) from Highway
24.
5. Follow the directions to the emergency room.
Y,
-.
---II------
--
---_I, FIGURES
,
8333m
SOURCE:
U.S.G.S.
TOPOGRAPHIC
16jr66
MAP
1 inch
=
8333ft.
FIGURE 8- 1
EMERGENCY HOSPITAL
MCB CAMP
371157PP
Baker EllvbmMalh
ROUTE
LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
CTO-037 1
MILITARY
GRAPHIC SCALE “-q
i
bl
-
-.‘?.-__...._
CAMP
LEJLUNt
BOUNDARY
;
y$;.,:
'.’
,/’
-
( IN MILES )
c
:5-
FIGURE 8-2
EMERGENCY HOSPITAL
CAMP
MARINE
ROUTE
GEIGER & M.C. AIR STATION
CORPS BASE, CAMP LEJEUNE
NORTH CAROLINA
~- /
‘; RESERVATION
-.. 3
- A.
,-
2,
L
\
b
\
Baker Envkomnental, kc.
BAKER
=.
c.
SAFETY STANIMRD OPERATING
T--
ATTACHMENT
A
PROCEDURES (SOPS)
------
1)
ATTACHMENT
SAFETY
A
BAKER ENVIRONMENTAL,
STANDARD OPERATING
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
1.0
Confined Space Entry Program*
2.0
Respiratory Protection Program
3.0
Care and Cleaning of Personal Protective Equipment
4.0
Bloodborne Pathogens
5.0
Heat Stress
6.0
Cold Stress
7.0
Safe Boat Operations*
8.0
Cutting and Welding
*Not Applicable
INC.
PROCEDURES
Revised: 12/l/94
2.0 - RESPIRATORY
PROTECTION
PROGRAM
This Respiratory Protection Program presents the elements necessary,for administering a successful
program. Attached at the end of this program is a copy of the following Baker Environmental, Inc.
(Baker) forms:
0
l
l
2.1
Qualitative Respirator Fit Test Record
Air- Supplying Respirator Inspection Form
Air- Purifying Respirator Inspection Form
PURPOSE
The purpose of the Baker Respiratory Protection Program is to govern the selection and use of
respiratory protection by Baker personnel. This program is also designed to meet requirements of
the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards 29 CFR 1910.134 and
1926.103, “Respiratory Protection.”
2.2
SCOPE
This program applies to Baker SRN personnel including temporarily-assigned SRI and SII personnel
who may be involved with potential respiratory hazards as part of their job duties. This program
outlines the procedures to follow when respiratory equipment is required.
2.3
RESPONSIBILITY
Baker provides the necessary respiratory equipment to protect the safety and health of each Baker
employee. The Baker SRN Project Health and Safety Offrcer (PHSO) and Project Manager are
responsible for identifying the need for this Respiratory Protection Program at project sites. The
Baker Site Health and Safety Officer (SHSO) and Site Manager are responsible for implementing
and administering the Respiratory Protection Program in the field. Baker employees are to use and
maintain the respiratory protection provided in accordance with training received and instructions
outlined in this program.
2.4
HAZARD
ASSESSMENT
The key elements of a respiratory protection program must start with an assessmentof the inhalation
and ingestion hazards present in the work area. Because Baker’s services involve a variety of
environmental and industrial hygiene studies, it is not practical to identify all possible hazards to
which all employees could be exposed within the scope of this document. Therefore, it is essential
that a task specific assessment be conducted prior to the initiation of any activities on a given
project. This task specific assessment shall be part of the site-specific Health and Safety Plan
(HASP).
After a task-specific assessment is completed and it is determined that there is a potential for
airborne exposure concentrations to exceed tbe recommended limits, engineering and administrative
controls should be implemented. If the exposure cannot be reduced, or it is not feasible to reduce
Rev.: 12194
the airborne exposure below the recommended limits, respirators will be selected by the PHSO
and/or SHSO on the basis of:
0
l
0
0
0
0
0
l
l
0
2.5
Toxicity
Maximum expected concentration
Oxygen levels
Warning properties of the substance(s) involved
Sorbent limitations
Facepiece fit
Mobility requirements
Type of use (routine, escape, or emergency entry)
Possibility of ingestion of toxic materials
Respirator attributes
TRAINING
Each respirator wearer shall be given training, by a qualified individual, which will include
explanations and discussions of:
Opportunity to wear respiratory protection in an uncontaminated environment.
Respirator fit testing (qualitative)
The respiratory hazard(s) and what may occur if the respirator is not used properly.
The reasons for selecting a particular type of respirator.
The function, capabilities, and limitations of the selected respirator.
The method of donning the respirator and checking its fit and operation.
The proper wearing of the respirator.
Respirator maintenance, repair, and cleaning.
Recognizing and handling emergency situations.
Employees who have attended the 40-hour training in accordance with 29 CFR 191O.,l20
(HAZWOPER) will be provided with the basic information necessary to comply with the OSHA
training requirements and will only need to attend a supplementary session provided by qualified
Baker personnel. The annual HAZWOPER S-hour refresher will serve to reinforce these issues on
an annual basis. Records of the training and fit-testing will be maintained for a minimum of
30 years following termination of employment for each employee.
2.6
TYPES OF RESPIRATORS
Baker purchases and provides, as necessary, the following respirators:
0
North half-face (Model 7700) and full-face (Model 7600) air-purifying
respirators
0
North positive pressure 30-minute Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBAs)
(Model 800)
0
North positive pressure supplied airline respirators with S-minute escape air
cylinders (Model 85500).
0
MSA Ultra Twin full-face
respirator (Model 480263)
Rev.: 12/94
l
MSA Comfo II half-face respirator (Model 479529)
\
Only respiratory equipment certified by the appropriate approval agencies (e.g., NIOSH, MSHA)
according to Title 30, Part II of the Code of Federal Regulations, will be distributed to Baker
employees. All Baker employees who regularly perform tasks requiring respiratory protection will
be issued their own half-face and/or full-face respirator, provided the employee can achieve a
proper fit and is medically capable of wearing the equipment.
Because 30-minute SCBAs, positive pressure supplied airline respirators, and 5-minute escape air
cylinders are used less frequently, this equipment will be distributed on an as-needed basis.
2.7
AIR QUALITY
Compressed air used for respiration shall be of high purity. Breathing air shall meet at least the
requirements of the specification for Grade D Breathing Air (or higher) as described in Compressed
Gas Association Commodity Specification G-7.1- 1966. Breathing air may be supplied to
respirators from cylinders; oxygen must never be used with air- line respirators.
Air cylinders shall be tested and maintained as prescribed in the Shipping Container Specification
Regulations of the Department of Transportation (49 CFR Part 178). Air- line couplings shall be
incompatible with outlets for other gas systems to prevent inadvertent servicing of air-line
respirators with nonrespirable gases or oxygen.
Breathing gas containers (air cylinders) shall be marked in accordance with American National
Standard Method of marking Portable Compressed Gas Containers to Identify the Material
Contained, A48.1- 1954; Federal Specification BB- A- 1034a, June 2 1,1968, Air, Compressed for
Breathing Purposes; or Interim Federal Specification GG-B00675b, April 27, 1965, Breathing
Apparatus, Self-Contained.
Breathing air, as supplied by air compressors, shall be of high purity and meet the requirements of
the specification for Grade D Breathing air (or higher) as described in Compressed Gas Association
Commodity Specification G-7.1 - 1966.
The compressor for supplying air shall be equipped with necessary safety and standby devices. A
breathing air-type compressor shall be used. Compressors shall be constructed and situated so as
to avoid entry of contaminated air into the system and suitable in- line air-purifying sorbent beds
and filters installed to further assure breathing air quality. A receiver of sufftcient capacity to enable
the respirator wearer to escapefrom a contaminated atmosphere in the event of compressor failure,
and alarms to indicate compressor failure and overheating shall be installed in the system. If an
oil-lubricated compressor is used, it shall have a high-temperature or carbon monoxide alarm, or
both. If only a high-temperature alarm is used, the air from the compressor shall be frequently
tested for carbon monoxide to insure that it meets the specifications outlined above.
l
2.8
CLEANING
AND MAINTENANCE
Respiratory equipment that is used on an as-needed basis shall be maintained by qualified
personnel. This equipment shall be cleaned/sanitized, then rinsed and air-dried, after each use.
Rev.: 12/94
Respiratory equipment that has been issued to an employee shall be cleaned/sanitized then rinsed
and air-dried by the wearer, (specified by OSHA in 29 CFR 1910.134) which ensures that it will
be maintained in clean and good operating condition. Inspections shall be conducted on a regular
basis during usage and prior to each project requiring the potential usage of the equipment.
All respirators shall be stored in a plastic bag within a cool/dry location, in a manner that will protect
them against dust, sunlight, heat, extreme cold, excessive moisture, or damaging chemicals. They
shall be stored to prevent distortion of rubber or other elastomer parts. Cartridges will not be stored
while attached to an air-purifying respirator at anytime.
Parts replacement and repairs shall be performed only by appropriate personnel. Equipment
requiring repairs shall be reported to appropriate Baker personnel. Examples of inspection forms
are included at the end of this text.
2.9
INSPECTIONS
At the time of cleaning, and before and after each use, respirators will be inspected. Deteriorated
components will be replaced before the respirator is placed back into service, or the respirator will
be replaced. Repair components must be obtained from the manufacturer of the respirator to
maintain the NIOSH certification. Emergency-use respirators and self-contained breathing
apparatuses (SCBAs) will be inspected after each use or at a minimum, once a month. Sample
inspection forms for both air-purifying respirators and air supplying respirators are attached. These
forms are required to be completed each time a respirator is inspected. However, during field
projects in which a field logbook is in use, personnel may enter the appropriate information into their
field logbook as an alternative to the inspection form. A list of the items to be covered during an
inspection are as follows:
a
Air-Purifying
b
a
Respirator (full or half-face)
Face Piece
-Clean and sanitized?
-Cracks, tears or holes absent?
-Proper shape and flexibility retained?
-Air-purifying element holders intact?
-Stored properly, free from heat, dirt, and sunlight?
b
Headstraps or Headbands
-Signs of wear or tears?
-Buckles function properly?
.
Respirator Interior
-Foreign material under valve seat?
-Cracks or tears in valves/valve bodies?
-Valve covers/bodies installed properly?
Supplied Air Respirators
c
Cylinder undamaged?
.
Facepiece and hoses undamaged?
.
Connections undamaged?
Rev.: 12194
Apparatus complete?
Facemask cleaned and sanitized?
Hoses and connections cleaned?
b
.
.
Note: The date and the initials of the qualified individual performing the inspection must be entered
into the field logbook.
2.10
FIT-TESTING
Each respirator wearer shall be provided with a respirator that can properly form a secure
face-to-mask seal. Each wearer shall be fit-tested prior to issuance of the respirator using either
an irritant smoke or odorous vapor, or other suitable test agent (see example of form at end of text).
Retesting shall be performed, at a minimum, on an annual basis or if a different model respirator,
other than the model the wearer was previously fit-tested for, is to be used. Air-purifying
respirators fit-tested qualitatively will be assigned a protection factor of 10 (APF = 10). A copy of
Baker’s Fit-Test Form is attached.
Facial hair, which interferes with the normally effective face to mask seal, is prohibited. Each
respirator wearer shall be required to check the seal of the respirator by negative and positive
pressure checks prior to entering a harmful atmosphere.
2.11
MEDICAL
SURVEILLANCE
Personnel who are or may be assigned to tasks requiring use of respirators shall participate in a
medical surveillance program on an annual basis. The medical surveillance program shall include,
but may not be limited to, a history of respiratory disease, work history, a physical exam, and
spirometry conducted by the company’s physician and at the expense of the company. These
parameters are conducted prior to fit testing an employee on a negative pressure respirator. Test
parameters included in Baker’s medical surveillance program are in each site-specific HASP.
2.12
LIMITATIONS
Wearing any respirator, alone or in conjunction with other types of protective equipment, will
impose some physiological stress on the wearer. Therefore, selection of respiratory protective
devices will be based on the breathing resistance, weight of the respirator, the type and amount of
protection needed as well as the individual’s tolerance of the given device. Additional concerns
regarding the limitations of different types of PPE and the monitoring requirements for heat
stress/strain will be addressed in the “Heat Stress” SOP.
2.13
SUBCONTRACTOR
REQUIREMENTS
In compliance with Baker’s respiratory protection program, all subcontmctors under the direction
of Baker personnel will be expected to comply with pertinent sections of OSHA Standards 1910.134
and 1926.103. Additionally, the subcontractor will be required to:
0
Provide documentation that their employees have been fit-tested
air- purifying respirator the employee is expected to use.
on the
Rev.: 12194
0
Provide documentation that their employees have been medically certified to wear
a respirator.
Rev.: 12194
3.1
INTRODUCTION
The following procedures cover the care and cleaning of Levels D, D+, C, and B personal protective
equipment (PPE). Note: These are general procedures that apply to most situations and are not all
inclusive. Procedures are subject to change at the direction of the Site Health and Safety Officer
(SHSO).
3.2
INSPECTION
Proper inspection of personal protective equipment (PPE) features several sequences of inspection
depending on articles of PPE and its frequency of use as follows:
0
Inspection and operational testing of PPE received from the factory or distributor.
0
Inspection of PPE as it is issued to workers.
0
Inspection after use or training, and prior to maintenance.
0
Periodic inspection of stored equipment.
6
Periodic inspection when a question arises concerning the appropriateness of the
selected equipment, or when problems with similar equipment arise.
The primary inspection of PPE in use for activities at the site will occur prior to immediate use, will
be conducted by the user to ensure that the specific device or article has been checked out by the
user, and that the user is familiar with its use.
3.2.1
<=hemical
D+ through
0
Determine if suit is the one specified in the Site Health and Safety Plan (HASP)
0
Before donning, inspect suit for holes or tears; check to seethat zippers are operable
and look for signs of suit degradation.
l
When wearing, avoid contact with contaminated material where possible; be aware
of sharp objects that can tear suit; periodically look over suit to check for major rips
or tears.
0
While decontaminating, remove gross excess of material from suit; remove suit so
that material does not contact inner suit; place clothing in properly labeled disposal
containers.
Rev.: 394
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
berjOuter
Determine if gloves meet the specifications in the site HASP.
0
Look for rips, tears, or degradation of material. Replace as necessary or at the
direction of the SHSO.
Chemically Resistant Boots Qevels D+ throa
0
Determine if boots meet the specifications in the site HASP.
0
Nondisposable boots are to be examined on a daily basis before and after use.
Disposable boots should be examined prior to donning and while in use, and
disposed according to site procedures.
Safetyfiteel
(Levels D throuMJ
Should be visually inspected before donning for cracks, deteriorated parts, and
overall condition. Replace as necessary.
Procedures for care of respiratory protective equipment are covered in Baker’s SOP
for Respiratory Protection.
Qgh ’ _
B
l
l
3.3
Should be visually inspected before donning for fit, cracks, and overall condition.
Respirators)
l
3.2.8
Examine daily for gouges, open seams,etc., anythiig that would lessenthe integrity
of the boot. Replace as boot becomes worn.
Safetvles
0
3.2.7
Toe and/or Shank) Boots &evels D thm
-Hats0
3.2.6
D+ through&
0
0
3.2.5
Gloves (b&s
a
Disposable - Replace daily, or as material becomes worn or dirty.
Reusable - Inspect before use, clean regularly, replace parts as necessary.
EQUIPMENT
CLEANING
General procedures for cleaning of equipment are listed below. Site-specific concerns will be
addressed by the SHSO prior to and during site activities. Cleaning of respiratory equipment is
covered under the “Respiratory Protection Program” SOP.
33.1
.
GusehysPhvslcal
Remove large amounts of contaminated soil or sediment by scraping off with a tongue depressor or
other suitable instrument, then wipe off using a disposable wipe/paper towel.
Rev.: 3/94
3.3.2
~Che~moval
.
Remove residual contamination with a soft-bristled,
nonphosphate detergent solution.
3.3.3
long-handled brush or equivalent using a
EinsindDilution
The detergent solution and residual contaminants will be rinsed with distilled/tap water using a
pressurized sprayer, a tub filled with clean wash water, or equivalent.
3.4
~EQUIPMENT STORAGE
Storage of PPE is an important aspect to the daily care and cleaning therefore, the following
considerations should be observed:
0
Different types of PPE shall be stored in a clean and dry environment, free from
elements that could damage PPE.
0
PPE shall be stored and labeled so that site personnel can readily select the
specified PPE.
l
Contaminated, nondisposable PPE shall be decontaminated before returning to the
storage area.
0
Contaminated, disposable PPE shall not be returned to the storage trailer, but
disposed according to the provisions identified in the Site Work Plans.
Rev.: 3J94
4.0 - BLOODBORNE
PATHOGENS
(Safe Handling of First Aid Incidents)
4.1
PURPOSE
The purpose of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens
Standard, Title 29 CFR Part 1910.1030, is to protect workers from bloodbome pathogens such as
the (HIV) and (HBV) by reducing or eliminating workers’ exposure to blood and other potentially
infectious materials. Although HIV and HBV are specifically mentioned by OSHA, the standard
includes any bloodbome pathogen, such as Hepatitis C, malaria, and syphilis. The standard requires
the employer to develop a written exposure control plan that will reduce or eliminate employee
exposure, thus reducing their risk of infection.
The purpose of the Baker Environmental (Baker) exposure control plan is to minimize the possibility
of transmission of bloodbome pathogens in the workplace by establishing procedures for the safe
handling of first aid incidents that may expose personnel to blood or other potentially infectious
materials.
4.2
SCOPE
All Baker SRN personnel who may be exposed to blood or other potentially infectious materials as
part of their job duties (e.g., those certified in Standard First Aid) are required to follow the
guidelines set forth in this SOP. The exposure control plan shall be reviewed and updated at least
annually, to reflect new or modified tasks and procedures that affect occupational exposure, and to
reflect new or revised employee positions with occupational exposure.
4.3
RESPONSIBILITY
The Baker Project Health and Safety Offrce (PHSO) and Project Manager are responsible for
providing support and administering this exposure control plan as necessary, from the corporate
office. The Baker Site Health and Safety Officer and Site Manager are responsible for implementing
this exposure control plan at project sites for their employees.
4.4
DEFINITIONS
Bloodborne
- Pathogenic microorganisms that may be present in human blood, having
the potential to cause disease in humans. Two examples of bloodbome pathogens include, hepatitis
B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Contamim&& - Means the presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other
potentially infectious materials on an item or surface.
. .
Pecontamlnatlon - Physically or chemically removing, inactivating, or destroying bloodbome
pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting
infectious particles, so that the surface or item is rendered safe for handling, use, or disposal.
Rev.: 9194
.
ExM>sure
- A specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non- intact skin, or parenteral
contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that result from the performance of an
employee’s duties.
nal I?- Reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mouth, mucous membrane, or
parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the
performance of an employee’s duties.
.
.
Other Potenti&I&@ous
M&z&& - Includes the following human body fluids: semen, vaginal
secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid,
amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood,
and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body
fluids; any unfixed tissue or organ (other than intact skin) from a human; and HIV-containing cell
or tissue cultures, organ cultures, and HIV- or HBV-containing culture medium or other solutions;
and blood, organs, or other tissues from experimental animals infected with HIV or HBV.
Piercing of the mucous membranes or the skin barrier through such events as
needlesticks, human bites, cuts, and abrasions.
Parenteral-
&g&ted
Wa& - OSI-IA defines a regulated waste as a liquid or semi-liquid blood or other
potentially infectious materials; contaminated items that would release blood or other potentially
infectious materials in a liquid state if compressed; items caked with dried blood or other potentially
infectious materials that are capable of release of these materials during handling; contaminated
sharps; and pathological and microbiological wastes containing blood or other potentially infectious
materials.
4.5
PROCEDURES FOR EXPOSURE TO BLOODBORNE
PATHOGENS
The sections below will discuss the means by which Baker personnel can determine exposure
potential, modes of transmission, methods of compliance, medical monitoring, and post exposure
procedures.
4.5.1
Exeosure
.
.
The exposure determination is based upon the job classifications with occupational exposure
potential, and the activities in which these exposures can occur, as follows.
Job Classifications
0
0
0
0
Site Manager/Site Safety and Health Officer
Environmental Scientists
Geologists
Other Baker Field Personnel
Rev.: 9194
Exposure Activities
4.5.2
l
Response to first aid incidents involving site personnel
0
Decontamination of personnel, personal protective equipment, work surfaces, and
equipment potentially exposed to blood or other potentially infectious materials
Modes of Virus Transmission
in the Work&,w
Modes of virus transmission are similar for the viruses of concern. Primarily, virus transmission
occurs as the result of direct blood contact from percutaneous inoculation, contact with an open
wound, non-intact skin (e.g. chapped, abraded, or dermatitis), or mucous membranes to blood,
blood-contaminated body fluids, or concentrated virus. Protective measures for workers will focus
on preventing exposure to blood and other body fluids that can result from an injury or sudden
illness.
4.5.3
Methods
of Compliance
4.5.3.1 Universal
Precautions
The unpredictable and emergent nature of exposures likely to be encountered on a site may make
differentiation between hazardous body fluids and those that are not hazardous very difficult Thus,
all employees will observe “Universal Precautions” to prevent contact with blood or other potentially
infectious materials. These “Universal Precautions” stress that all blood or other potentially
infectious materials will be treated as if they are known to be infectious.
The universal precautions will include:
(1)
Cover the skin, especially open cuts, scrapes, skin rashes, or other broken skin.
(2)
Don’t touch objects that could be contaminated, such as blood-covered surfaces,
clothing or linens.
(3)
Cover mucous membranes (i.e., mouth, nose, and eyes).
(4)
Prevent direct contact with sharps, such as needles, scalpels, or broken glass that
could pierce or puncture your skin.
(5)
Clean and decontaminate surfaces, containers, and equipment that may have been
exposed to blood or other body fluids.
4.5.3.2 Standard
Work Practices
Standard work practices are to be implemented at all times by all employees who may be exposed
to blood or other potentially infectious materials. Work practices are defined as specific policies or
procedures whose purpose is to reduce the potential for employee exposure to bloodbome pathogens.
Work practices for use by site personnel are described in the balance of this section.
Rev.: 9194
All exposed employees will observe the following hygienic practices:
0
0
During or immediately after exposure to blood or other potentially infectious
materials; do not eat, drink, chew gum, chew tobacco, smoke, apply cosmetics,
balms or medications, or any other activity that increases the potential for
hand- to- mouth, mucous membrane, or, skin contact.
Following exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials, personnel
will wash their hands and any other exposed skin with a disinfectant soap and water
after removal of chemical- protective gloves or other personal protective equipment
(PPE). This will be performed before eating, urinating, defecating, applying
make-up, smoking or undertaking any activity that may result in increased
potential for hand to mouth, mucous membrane, or skin contact.
.
?e~msLProtectlv~
.
The basic premise for wearing the appropriate PPE is that site personnel must be protected from
exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials. Appropriate PPE is available to all site
personnel.
Responders to a medical emergencies will have access to the appropriate PPE. The PPE will be
present in the site trailer and field vehicles. The PPE should be used in accordance with the level
of exposure encountered. Minor lacerations or small amounts of blood do not merit the same extent
of PPE use as required for massive arterial bleeding. Management of the patient who is not
bleeding, and has no bloody body fluids, should not routinely require the use of PPE.
The following PPE will be present in each Baker Field Vehicle and/or the Baker Site Trailer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
*
Disposable chemical-protective gloves (i.e, nitrile or latex)
Resuscitation equipment*
Safety glasses, goggles, or faceshields
[email protected] coveralls
Resuscitation Equipment - Because the risk of salivary transmission of infectious
disease during artificial ventilation of trauma victims, pocket mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation masks will be present in the first aid kits.
The pocket
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation masks are designed to isolate response personnel
from contact with the victims’ blood and blood-contaminated saliva, respiratory
secretions, and vomitus.
Decontamination procedures will follow those outlined in each site HASP.
d Was&
With the exception of contaminated sharps, all other regulated wastes must be placed in closable,
color-coded, labeled containers that prevent leakage of fluids. All applicable federal and state
regulations must be followed for transporting and disposing of the wastes.
Rev.: 9194
d Educm
.
All employees with the potential for occupational exposure will receive initial training on the safe
handling of first aid incidents during first aid/CPR Instruction, and subsequently during HASP
briefings. See Appendix A for the suggested Bloodbome Pathogens Training Outline.
4.5.4
Medical
All Baker personnel will follow the guidelines established by Baker’s Board Certified Occupational
Health Physician in association with EMR, Inc.
4.5.5
<gemeFollow-Ur,
The following subsections presents the procedures to follow when a first aid incident occurs
involving the presence of blood or other potentially infectious material; specific steps need to be
taken to safeguard the health of Baker site personnel.
4.5.5.1 First Aid Incident
Report
If there is a reasonable cause to believe that a potential exposure to blood or other potentially
infectious materials has been experienced, the employee must complete the steps listed below.
These steps are required when non- HBV vaccinated first aid responders participate and regardless
of whether an actual “exposure incident” occurred.
1.
Immediately notify the SHSO. The SHSO will determine whether an “exposure
incident” occurred.
2.
Wash area of contamination and remove contaminated clothing to ensure that no
further contamination will occur.
3.
All parties involved will complete the Supervisors Incident Report Form and the
incident will be reported to Baker’s Human Resources office.
Baker employees who render first aid where blood or other potentially infectious materials are
present must be seen by a designated EMR physician within 24 hours of the incident. The employee
must take a copy of the Supervisors Incident Report Form and a copy of OSHA Standard 1910.1030
to the physician.
Employees who respond to first aid incidents involving the presence of blood or other potentially
infectious materials where the determination was made that an “exposure incident” occurred, have
90 days following baseline blood level collection to decide if they wish to have their blood tested
for HIV.
Rev.: 9194
The confidential medical evaluation and follow-up
will include:
I.
The circumstances of the exposure.
2.
If consent has been obtained testing of the source individual’s blood in order to
determine HIV and/or HBV infectivity, If consent is not obtained this will be
documented in writing.
3.
If consent has been obtained, the exposed employee’s blood will be tested.
The occupational health physician will provide the employer with a confidential written opinion that
includes verification that the employee has been informed of the results of the evaluation and also
includes a recommendation for further evaluation or treatment. A copy of this written opinion will
be provided within 15 days following the medical evaluation.
4.5.5.2 “Good Samaritan”
Behavior
The OSHA standard does not cover “good samaritan” behavior. However, employees who provide
first aid as “good samaritans” should receive the same post incident evaluation either through an
EMR designated physician or their personal physician.
4.6
REFERENCES
OSHA Title 29 CFR Part 1910.1030
U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Joint Advisory Notice:
protection against occupational exposure to Hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus.
Federal Register 1987; 52:41818-24.
Centers for Disease Control. Update on hepatitis B prevention. MMWR 1987; 36:353-360,366.
Centers for Disease Control. Update: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and human
immunodeficiency virus infection among health- care workers. MMWR 1988; 37:229-34,239.
OSHA Instruction CPL 2-2.44, February 13, 1992, Enforcement Procedures for the Occupational
Exposure to Bloodbome Pathogens Standard.
Rev.: 9191
Appendix A
SUGGESTED BLOODBORNE
I.
OUTLINE
Purpose of the training program
Overview: Bloodbome Pathogen Standard 29 CFR 19 10.1030
Applicability to Site Personnel
1.
General requirements
2.
Overview of Baker exposure control plan
3.
Bloodborne Diseases
A.
B.
III.
TRAINING
Introduction
A.
B.
II.
PATHOGENS
Types
Modes of Transmission
Baker
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Purpose
Plan availability
Bloodborne pathogen hazard recognition steps
Concept of universal precautions
1.
Blood and other potentially infectious materials
2.
Potential exposure minimization
Work practices
1.
Personal protective equipment
2.
3.
Hygienic practices
Procedures for decontamination
1.
Personnel
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
2.
Tasks and procedures requiring PPE
a.
Location of PPE
b.
Disposal of PPE
C.
3.
Equipment
4.
Work surfaces
Medical monitoring
Baker medical monitoring program
1.
Post exposure evaluation procedures
2.
First aid incident report
a.
HBV and non-HBV vaccinated responders
b.
Exposure incidents (defined)
C.
Confidential medical evaluation
e.
Emergency Preparedness
First aid kits
1.
Personal injury
2.
Rev.: 9194
5.0 - HEAT STRESS
5.1
INTRODUCTION
Heat stress in the hazardous waste industry usually is a result of protective clothing decreasing
natural body ventilation, although it may occur at any time work is being performed at elevated
temperatures. If the body’s physiological processes fail to maintain a normal body temperature
because of excessive heat, a number of physiological reactions can occur, ranging from mild (such
as fatigue, irritability, anxiety, and decreased concentration, dexterity, or movement) to fatal.
5.2
CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS
The following heat stress causes and symptoms are provided for buddy monitoring purposes. Site
personnel must realize that monitoring the physical condition of fellow personnel in Levels D+
through B protective ensembles will be more difftcult.
1.
Hear rash results from continuous exposure to heat or humid air and chafing
clothes. The condition decreases the ability to tolerate heat. Symptoms include a
mild red rash.
2.
Heat cramps are caused by heavy sweating and inadequate fluid intake. Symptoms
include muscle spasms and pain in the hands, feet, and abdomen.
3.
Heat exhaustion occurs when body organs attempt to keep the body cool, due to
inadequate fluid intake and personnel not acclimated to the environment.
Symptoms include pale, cool, moist skin; heavy sweating; dizziness, headaches,and
vomiting.
4.
Heat slroRe is the most serious form of heat stress. It is a MEDICAL
EMERGENCY. Symptoms are red, hot, &y skin; lack of perspiration; nausea;
dizziness and confusion; strong, rapid pulse rate; and coma.
The need to seek medical attention and the urgency in seeking medical attention depends on the
symptoms and the severity of the symptoms displayed by the affected individual. If heat stroke is
Efforts should be taken to
noted or suspected, medical attention must be sought IMMEDIATELY.
cool the body to prevent serious injury or death.
5.3
PREVENTION
Because heat stress is one of the most common and potentially serious illnesses at hazardous waste
sites, regular monitoring and other preventive measures are vital. Site workers must learn to
recognize and treat the various forms of heat stress, The best approach is preventive heat stress
management. In general:
0
Monitor for signs of heat stress.
Rev.: 3194
5.4
0
Fluid intake should be increased during rest schedules to prevent dehydration.
Drinking cool water (maintained at 50 to 60°F) is satisfactory when light sweating
occurs and temperatures are moderate to cool; however, diluted electrolyte
solutions (i.e., Gatorade, Sqwincher, or equivalent) must be used in addition to
water under one or all of the following conditions: continued or heavy sweating,
moderate to high ambient temperatures, or heavy work loads. The intake of coffee
during working hours is discouraged.
0
Acclimate workers to site work conditions by slowly increasing workloads (i.e., do
not begin site work activities with extremely demanding activities).
0
Use cooling devices to aid natural body ventilation. These devices, however, add
weight and their use should be balanced against worker efficiency. An example of
a cooling aid is a cooling vest that can be worn under clothing, but not against the
skin.
0
In extremely hot weather, conduct field activities in the early morning and evening.
0
Ensure that adequate shelter is available to protect personnel against heat that can
decrease physical efficiency and increase the threat of heat stress. If possible, set
up the command post in a shaded area, and encourage breaks in shaded areas.
0
In hot weather, rotate shifts of workers wearing impervious clothing.
l
Good hygienic standards must be maintained by frequent changes of clothing and
showering. Clothing should be permitted to dry during rest periods. Persons who
notice skin problems should immediately consult the SHSO.
MONITORING
Provisions for monitoring for heat stress will be determined by the SHSO and performed as outlined
below. Because the incidence of heat stress depends on a variety of factors, all workers, even those
not wearing protective equipment, should be monitored.
5.4.1
Monitorinp
for Permeable Clothing
For workers wearing permeable clothing (e.g., standard cotton or synthetic work clothes), follow
recommendations for monitoring requirements and suggested work/rest schedules in the current
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists’ (ACGII-I) Threshold Limit Values for
Heat Stress. If the actual clothing work differs from the ACGIH standard ensemble in insulation
value and/or wind and vapor permeability, change the monitoring requirements and work/rest
schedules accordingly.
The guidelines to follow for workers above as determined by the SHSO are as follows:
1.
Increased awareness of heat stress symptoms and buddy monitoring,
2.
Fluid intake discipline.
Rev.: 3194
---
.----
- ---
3.
Self monitoring of urine output quantities to prevent dehydration.
4.
Attention to work- rest intervals.
5.
Calculate the Heat Exposure Threshold Limit Value (TLV) for work- rest intervals
using the following steps:
a.
Determine the Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) Index using the
[email protected] Heat Stress Monitor.
b.
Estimate the work load using the following guidelines:
C.
II
II
(1)
Light work = sitting or standing to control machines, performing
light hand or arm work.
(2)
Moderate work = walking about with moderated lifting and
pushing.
(3)
Heavy work = pick and shovel work.
Evaluate the calculations against the following Heat Exposure TLVs* in “C
or (OF).
Work Load
Work - Rest Regimen
IIContinuous
Light
work
Moderate
II
Heavy
‘I
1 30.0 (86) 1 26.7 (80)
1 25.0 (77) 11
1175%work - 25% rest, each hour 1 30.6 (87) 1 28.0 (82)
1 25.9 (78) 11
50% work - 50% rest, each hour
31.4 (89)
29.4 (85)
27.9 (82)
25% work - 75% rest, each hour
32.2 (90)
31.1 (88)
30.0 (86)
Special Considerations
0
0
0
Acclimatization - After approximately one to two weeks, workers should be
acclimated to their environment.
Fitness - Physically
environment.
fit workers will adjust more readily to a change in
Medication - Some medications can predispose individuals to heat-induced
illnesses.
Rev.: 3194
--- - -..
-
- ._-_
5.4.2
SemiDermeable/Imeermeable
Clo-
.
.
.
For workers wearing semipermeable or impermeable clothing encapsulating ensembles, the ACGIH
standard cannot be used. For these situations, workers should be monitored when the temperature
in the work area is above 70°F (21 “C).
To monitor the worker, use one or more of the following
0
0
0
methods:
Heart rate. Count the radial pulse during a 30-second period as early as possible
in the rest period.
.
If the heart rate exceeds 110 beats per minute at the beginning of the rest
period, shorten the next work cycle by one- third and keep the rest period
the same.
b
If the heart rate still exceeds 110 beats per minute at the next rest period,
shorten the following work cycle by one-third.
Oral temperature. Use a clinical thermometer (3 minutes under the tongue) or
similar device to measure the oral temperature at the end of the work period (before
drinking).
.
If oral temperature exceeds 996°F (3 7.6 “C), shorten the next work cycle
by one-third without changing the rest period.
,
If oral temperatures still exceeds 99.6”F (37.6”C) at the beginning of the
next rest period, shorten the following work cycle by one-third.
b
Do not permit a worker to wear a semipenneabie or impermeable garment
when his/her oral temperature exceeds 100.6”F (38.1 “C).
Body water loss. Measure weight on a scale accurate to zl~O.25pound at the
beginning and end of each work day to see if enough fluids are being taken to
prevent dehydration. Weights should be taken while the employee wears similar
clothing or preferably in underwear only. The body water loss should not exceed
1.5 percent total body weight loss in a work day.
Initially, the frequency of physiological monitoring depends on the air temperature adjusted for solar
radiation and the level of physical work. The length of work cycle will be governed by the
frequency of the required physiological monitoring.
5.5
CARING
FOR HEAT-RELATED
To care for heat-related
ILLNESS
illness provide the following:
0
Remove victim from heat.
0
Loosen tight clothing.
Rev.: 3194
l
Apply cool, wet cloths to the skin.
0
Fan the victim.
0
If victim is conscious, give cool water to drink.
0
Call for an ambulance or transport to hospital if heat stroke is suspected, victim
refuses water, vomits, or starts to lose consciousness.
Rev.: 3194
_--_--____-.
6.0 - COLD STRESS
6.1
INTRODUCTIOliJ
The potential exists for either frostbite or hypothermia to occur when conducting work activities in
an environment where air temperatures may fall below freezing or where wind-chill factors lower
air temperatures below freezing. A brief description of the exposure symptoms (for both
hypothermia and frostbite) and methods of prevention are listed in the sections below:
6.2
CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS
The following cold stress causes and symptoms are provided for buddy monitoring purposes. Site
personnel must realize that monitoring the physical condition of fellow personnel in Levels D+
through B protective ensembles will be more difficult.
6.2.1
Frostbite
Frostbite is a condition in which there is a freezing or partial freezing of some part of the body.
Individuals previously exposed to frostbite are more susceptible to contracting it again.
Vasoconstrictors, which include tobacco products, constrict blood vessels, and can accelerate
frostbite. The three stages of frostbite include: (1) frostnip- the beginnings of frostbite whereby
the skin begins to turn white; (2) superficial - similar to frostnip except the skin begins to turn
numb; and (3) deep - the affected area is frozen to the bone, cold, numb, and very hard.
DO NOT:
0
0
0
0
6.2.2
/
Rub the frostbitten part.
Use ice, snow, gasoline, or anything cold on the frostbitten area.
Use heat lamps or hot water bottles to rewarm the frostbitten area.
Place the frostbitten area near a hot stove.
Hypothermia
Hypothermia is a condition in which the body loses heat faster than it is produced. At a body
temperature of 95”F, an average man is considered to be hypothermia. Vasodilators, which include
alcohol and drugs, allow the body to lose heat faster which can accelerate hypothermia. The five
stages of hypothermia include:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
shivering
apathy, listlessness, or sleepiness
unconsciousness, glassy stare, slow pulse or slow respiratory rate
freezing of the extremities
death
The need to seek medical attention and the urgency in seeking medical attention depends on the
symptoms and the severity of the symptoms displayed by the affected individual. If the latent
Rev.: 9194
conditions of hypothermia or frostbite are noted or suspected, medical attention must be sought
IMMEDIATELY
to prevent permanent injury or death.
4.3
PREVENTION
To prevent conditions from occurring have personnel:
0
Dress in a minimum of three layers:
(1)
(2)
(3)
6.4
a skin layer to absorb moisture and keep skin dry
an insulating layer
an outer layer of nylon/wind- breaking material or chemical- protective
layer
0
Avoid touching cold surfaces (especially metal) with bare skin, minimize exposed
skin surfaces.
0
Keep active, use warm and dry shelter areas during rest cycles; use wind breaks
whenever possible.
0
Maintain body fluids by consuming warm, sweet, caffeine-free, non-alcoholic
drinks.
0
Avoid alcohol and medications that interfere with normal body regulation or
reduces tolerance to cold.
CARING FOR COLD-RELATED
ILLNESS
The following lists the general guidelines to care for cold-related injuries:
6.5
0
Start by treating any life- threatening problems.
0
Call the local emergency number for help or transport the victim to the nearest
hospital.
0
Move the victim to a warm place, if possible.
0
Remove any wet clothing and dry the victim.
0
Warm the victim slowly by wrapping in blankets or putting on dry clothing.
MONITORING
In cold weather, monitor the outdoor temperature and wind speed to determine wind chill conditions,
with work periods adjusted accordingly. The following table details the wind chill effects and
relative danger of combined cold and wind conditions. It is important to note that the wearing of
PPE in cold environments may introduce the possibility of heat stress; therefore, symptoms of heat
stress should also be considered during monitoring.
Rev.: 9194
WIND CHILL INDEX(‘)
(under calm conditions)
Actual Thermometer Reading c F)
Wind Speed
50
40
30
calm
5
10
50
48
40
15
20
36
32
30
28
30
35
40
Over 40 mph (little
added effect)
10
0
-10
Equivalent Chill Temperature e F)
(in mph)
25
20
40
37
28
22
30
27
16
9
20
16
4
-5
18
16
4
0
-10
-15
13
-2
-18
27
11
-4
-20
26
10
-6
-21
LITTLE DANGER
(for properly clothed person)
10
6
-9
-18
0
-5
-21
-36
-10
-15
-33
-45
-25
-39
-53
-29
-44
-59
-33
-48
-63
-35
-49
-67
-37
-53
-69
INCREASING
DANGER
(Danger from freezing
of exposed flesh)
-20
-30
-40
_
-20 1 -30
-40
-26
-36
-47
-46
-58
-70
-58
-72
-85
-67
-82
-96
-74
-88
-104
-79
-94
-109
-82
-98
-113
-85
-100
-116
GREAT DANGER
(Danger from freezing
of exposed flesh)
(I) Source: Fundamentals of Industrial Hygiene, Third Edition. Plog, B.A., G. S. Benjamin, M. A.
Kerwin, National Safety Council, 1988.
Rev.: 9194
8.0 - CU’ITING
AND WELDING
Cutting and welding operations are performed routinely. Personnel engaged in these operations
must be highly skilled and understand the importance of using safe work practices to minimize
potential exposure to fire, explosion, or health hazards. No work involving a flame or
spark- producing operation is to be conducted without preparing a Hot Work Permit (attached) and
following the provisions of this procedure.
8.1
SAFETY
RESPONSIBILITY
Both welder and Baker personnel must work together to ensure safe cutting and welding operations.
All personnel, including subcontractors, should understand the potential hazards of the work site,
required use of personal protective equipment, and other safety aspects prior to initiation of cutting
and welding procedures.
Under no circumstances should work be done in front of or around the open end of piping that has
not been cleaned/purged, then checked using the Oxygen/Lower Explosive Limit Meter.
8.2
EQUIPMENT
It is necessary to keep equipment in good working condition and inspect regularly for defects.
Equipment shall be approved and operated as specified by the manufacturer.
8.2.1
Weldinp
Machines
Carelessness around welding machines can lead to serious injury or death. The inspector should be
particularly aware of the following:
8.2.2
l
Never touch live metal parts with bare skin or wet clothing; electrocution can result.
0
Do not attempt to refuel a welding machine while it is in operation.
0
Inspect all machine connections and grounding prior to use.
0
Prevent electrode holders from coming in contact with people, metal objects, fuel
sources, water, or compressed gas cylinders.
0
The welder should not loop or coil the electrode cable around parts of the body.
wessed
.
Gas Cylmderg
0
Handling and storage of cylinders should be in accordance with approved
governmental practices.
0
Cylinders must always be secured and oxygen cylinders must be stored at least 20
feet from combustible gas cylinders.
Rev.: 5194
0
Do not confuse oxygen with air or use it as a substitute because it supports and
accelerates combustion causing flammable materials to bum violently.
0
Oil or grease in the presence of oxygen may ignite or explode spontaneously.
l
Ensure that regulators used in oxygen service are free of dirt, oil or grease.
l
Never use oxygen to blow out or purge vessels or pipelines previously containing
flammables or to dust off clothing.
8.3
FIRE AND EXPLOSION
8.3.1
Location
8.3.2
83.3
of Combustibles
0
Cutting and welding operations shall be conducted in a designated location free
from combustibles.
0
Use care when welding metal partitions or piping which are adjacent to immovable
combustibles because of the possibility of ignition by conduction.
Fire Watch
0
Fire watchers with fire extinguishers or charged hoselines shall be posted.
l
These individuals should be prepared to extinguish fires in the incipient stage or
sound an alarm and should have no other duties at the job site.
0
The fire watch should continue for at least a half hour after completion of the
cutting or welding operation.
Fire Extiwuishers
l
8.3.4
PREVENTION
Welding machines must have a fire extinguisher mounted in an easily accessibIe
location either on the machine or nearby.
Prohibited
Area
Cutting and welding operations shall not be conducted when any of the following conditions exist:
0
The area may contain flammable vapors in excess of 10% of the L.E.L.
0
Large quantities of exposed, readily ignitable materials such as bulk sulfur are
stored in the area.
Rev.: 5194
8.4
PERSONAL PROTECTION
The following sections present the personal protective equipment such as clothing, eye and face
protection, respiratory protection, and noise protection.
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
Clothing
0
To protect the skin during cutting or welding operations, wear gauntlet type gloves
and protective aprons. Depending on the job, it may be necessary to also wear
leggings, cape sleeves or shoulder covers, and skull caps under helmets.
0
Sleeves and collars should be buttoned, pockets should be removed from the front
of clothing or buttoned with a flap, and pants should be uncuffed to prevent the
retention of sparks.
0
To prevent patter from getting into shoes, use spats or have pants overlap shoes.
0
Woolen clothing is preferred but cotton material, preferably flame retardant, is
acceptable.
0
Keep outer clothing free from oil or grease.
.
Eye a nd Face Protection
0
Approved eye protection must be worn at all times by welders and their assistants
to protect against flying sparks, radiant energy, ultraviolet, visible and infrared
radiation.
0
Helmets must be designed to protect the face, forehead, neck and ears from radiant
heat.
0
Where exposure to flash exists for the other personnel, a screen should be used.
Respiratory Protection
Adequate ventilation (natural or mechanical) is necessary in all cutting and welding operations.
Respiratory protection may also be necessaryto prevent unacceptable exposure levels to toxic fumes
and gases. Avoid breathing the fume plume.
8.4.4
.
PJoiseProtectlon
Engine driven generators, plasma arc cutting, and other processes-mayexpose personnel to excessive
noise. If excessive noise cannot be controlled at the source, the use of ear plugs or muffs is required.
8.5
HOT WORK PERMIT
No employee is to begin hot work unless a Hot Work Permit has been obtained. It is the
responsibility of the Site Manager to request this permit. The Hot Work Permit shall be signed by
the Site Manager and Site Health and Safety Offtcer and explained to each affected employee.
Rev.: 5194
Note:
It is the responsibility of the Site Manager to see that workers comply with all safety
practices of the Hot Work Permit.
The Hot Work Permit will be valid for a single work shift only. On projects requiring more than a
single work shift, a new permit shall be completed at the start of each shift. The permit shall be
displayed at the project site.
At the conclusion of the project, the Hot Work Permits will be forwarded to the Site Manager and
placed in the project file.
Rev.: 5194
C--
MATERIAL
ATTACHMENT
B
SAFETY DATA SHEETS
Material Safety Data Sheets Collection:
Genium Publishing
1
Corporation
1145Catalyn Street
Schenectady,NY 12303-1836 USA
Sheet No. 316
Benzene
(518) 377-8854
Issued: 1 l/78
Revision: E. 8/90
lenzene (C&I-&) Description:
Derived by fractional distillation
of coal tar, bydrodeall
.
. __.
^.
,asoline, catalytic reforming of petroleum, and transalkylation
of toluene by disproporttonatlon
reactton. Used as a fuel; a
hemical reagent; a solvent for a large number of mater&
such as paints, plastics, rubber, inks, oils, and fats; in manufacuring phenol, ethylbenzene (for styrene monomer), nitrobenzene (for aniline), dodecylbenzene
(for detergents), cyclohexne (for nylon), chlotobenzene,
diphenyl, benzene hexachloride, maleic anhydride, benzene-sulfonic
acid, artificial leather,
noleum, oil cloth, varnishes, and lacquers; for printing and lithography; in dry cleaning; in adhesives and coatings; for
xtraction and rectification;
as a de easing agent; in the tire industry; and in shoe factories. Benzene has been banned as an
ngredient in products intended for f ousehold use and is no longer used in pesticides.
Xher Designations:
CAS No. 0071-43-2, benzol, carbon oil, coal naphtha, cyclohexatriene,
mineral naphtha, nitration
benzene, phene, phenyl hydride, pyrobenzol.
vlanufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult the latest Chemicalweek Buyers’ Guiai673) for a suppliers list.
I
4
S
2*
R 4
*Skin
absorption
Cautions: Benzene is a confirmed human carcinogen by the IARC. Chronic low-level exposure may cause cancer (leukemia) and bone
narrow damage, with injury to blood-forming tissue. It is also a dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame.
230
@HMIS
H
3
ii
i
PPGt
t&c:8
lenzene, ca lOO%*
.989 OSHA PELs
29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-l-A)
I-hr TWA: 1 ppm, 3 mg/m3
.5-min STEL: 5 ppm. 15 mg/m3
1989-90 ACGIH
TLV-TWA:
10 ppm, 32 mg/m3
29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-2)
I-hr TWA: 10 ppm
Acceptable Ceiling Concentration:
25 ppm
4cceptable Maximum
Peak: 50 ppm (10 min)t
1988 NIOSH RELs
TWA: 0.1 ppm, 0.3 mglm3
Ceiling: 1 ppm, 3 mg/m3
198586 Toxicity [email protected]
Man, oral, LDLO: 50 mg/kg; no toxic effect noted
Man, inhalation, TC, : 150 ppm inhaled intermittently
over
1 yr in a number of discrete, separate doses affects the
blood (other changes) and nutritional and gross metabolism (body temperature increase)
Rabbit, eye: 2 mg administered over 24 hr produces severe
irritation
f OSHA 29 CPR 191O.lGO0, Subpart Z, states that the final benzene standard in 29 CPR 1910.1028 applies to all occupational exposures to benzene except in some
;&segments of industry where exposures are consistently under the action level (i.e., distribution and sale of fuels, sealed containers and pipelines, coke production,
)il and gas drilling and production, natural gas processing, and the percentage exclusion for liquid mixtures); for the excepted subsegments, the benzene limits in
Iable Z-2 apply.
1 Acceptable maximum peak above the acceptable ceiling concentration for an 8-hr shift.
1See NIOSH, RZ?XX (CY149OOOO), for additional irritative, mutative, reproductive, tumorigeaic, and toxicity data.
Soiling Point: 176 “F (80
Melting Pohtt: 42 “F (5.5
r’apor Pressure: 100 mm
r’apor Densit (Air = 1):
Zvaporation K ate (Ether
“C)
“C)
H at 79 “F (26.1 “C)
2.f
= 1): 2.8
Molecular
Weight: 78.11
Specific Gravity (15 ‘c/4 l C): 0.8787
Water Solubility:
Slightly (0.180 g/100 g of H,O at 25 “C)
%Volatile
by Volume: 100
Viscosity: 0.6468 mPa at 20 “C
Appearance and Odor: A colorless liquid with a characteristic sweet, aromatic
mately 5 ppm (unfatigued) in air. Odor is not an adequate warning of hazard.
odor. The odor recognition
threshold (100% of panel) is approxi-
.. ..,....,...,.,.....,\L./,L.,.,...,.........,....
..,.....,...,..../.,.,.,......
........... .........................._/...........................
.....,.......,.....,.tL;
‘.‘....,““., ,...,._.......... ,.,_.,.,._.,..._
,._._
+$::.:::.:.:..:$.:.:,>,:.> .:..
~~..~...._.../ ./
s~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
::: ::::::::: ,.,.,_,._.,.,.,.,./,.,...,...........,...,.....,.,.,...,..............
...._...........,.,.... ,....................
..,.......,......A.................. _.,..................
......./..,....,...,...A.,.,.,.,.i.. ..i..,.................i n......................
........... ,........... ..,...v,.....,.....,...., ,...,,.,....n ., ,,, .,
,. .., A, ,. .i ,...,/.. /... .,
,.,.,I 1,...,.,..... _.........................................,...,..........
Flash point: 12 “F (-11.1 “C), CC~tion
Temperature:
928 “F (498 “C)
1 LEL: 1.3% v/v
1 UEL: 7.1% v/v
Extinguishing
Media: Use dry chemical, foam, or carbon dioxide to extinguish benzene fims. Water may be ineffective as an extinguishing
agent &ice it zan scatter and spread the fire. Use water spray to cool fiie-exposed containers, flush spills away from exposures, disperse benzene
vapor, and protect
rsonnel attempting to stop an uni nited benzene leak.
Unusual Fire or Ir zplosion Hazards: Benzene is a C piass 1B flammable liquid. A concentration exceeding 3250 ppm is considered a potential
fire explosion hazard. Benzene vapor is heavier than air and can collect in low lying areas or travel to an ignition source and flash back. Explosive
and flammable benzene vapor-air mixtures can easily form at room temperature. Eliminate all ignition sources where benzene is used, handled, or
Special Fire-fighting
Procedures:
Isolate hazard area and deny entry. Since fire may produce toxic fumes, wear aself-coutained
breathing
apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in the pressuredemand
or posihve-pressure mode and full protecttve equipment. Structural
firefighter’s protective clothing provides limited protection. Stay out of low areas. Be aware of runoff from fire control methods. Do not release to
sewers or waterwnvs. Runoff to sewer can create wllution.
fire. and exdosion hazard.
StabilitwPolvmerization:
Bl enzene is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handliig conditions. Hazardous
polyme&ati&
cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Benzene explodes on contact with diborane, permanganic acid, bromine pentafluoride,
pemxodisulfuric
acid, and
peroxomonosulfuric
acid. It ignites on contact with diox gen difluoride, dioxygenyl tetrafluotoborate,
iodine he tafluoride, and sodium peroxide
ozone, liquid oxygen, silver pert % lorate, nitty1 .grchlomte,
nitric
+ water. Benzene forms sensitive, explosive mixture WIJl* iodine pentafluoride,
acid, and arsenic pentafluoride
+ potassium methoxide (explodes above 30 “C). A vigorous or incandescent reaction occurs WI bromine
trifluoride. uranium hexafluoride, and hydrogen + Raney nickel [above 410 “F (210 C)]. Benzene is incompatible
with oxidizing materials.
Conditions
to Avoid: Avoid heat and ignition sources.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal oxidative decomposition
of benzene can produce toxic gases and vapors such as carbon
monoxide.
capyrlghl
0 1990
cadurn
Putming
ccn-paatioa
No. 316
Benzene
8190
nzene vapor may cause headache, weakness, appetite loss, and fatigue.
w damage with injury to blood-forming
tissue from chronic low-level
cause central nervous system (CNS) depression.
: Exposure may worsen ailments of the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, blood, and CNS.
Target Organs: Blood, central nervous system, bonemanow,
eyes, upper respiratory tract, and skin.
Primary Entry Routes: Inhalation, skin contact.
Acute Effeds: Symptoms of acute overexposure include irritation of the eyes, nose, and respiratory tract, breathlessness, euphoria, nausea,
drowsiness, headache, dizziness, and intoxication.
Severe exposure may lead to convulsions and unconsciousness. Skin contact may cause a
drying rash (dermatitis).
Chronic Effects: Long-term chronic exposure may result in many blood disorders ranging from aplastic anemia (an inability to form blood cells)
to leukemia.
FIRST AID
Eyes: Gently lift the eyelids and flush immediately
and continuously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical
facility. Consult a physician immediately.
Skin: Quickly remove contaminated clothing. Immediately
rinse with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 min. For reddened or blistered
skin, consult a physician. Wash affected area with soap and water.
Inhalation:
Remove exposed person to fresh air. Emergency personnel should protect against inhalation exposure. Provide CPR to support
breathing or circulation as necessary. Keep awake and transport to a medical facility.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsing person. If ingested, do not induce vomifing since aspiration may be
fatal. Call a physician immediately.
After first aid, get appropriate
in-plant, paramedic,
or community
medical support.
Physician’s Note: Evaluate chronic exposure with a CBC, peripheral smear, and reticulocyte count for signs of myelotoxicity.
Follow up any
early indicators of leukemia with a bone marrow biopsy. Urinary phenol conjugates may be used for biological monitoring of recent exposure.
Acute management is primarily supportive for CNS depression.
..i‘.
,.......
...y
a~~~~~~~~~~:~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~~~:~~~~~.~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~~~~~
:..........:
................... ............:. ..... $.._..._......
2
.....................................................................................
.,.
Sniltiak:
Design and practice a benzne spill control and countermeasure plan (SCCP). Notify safety personnel, evacuate all unnecessary
p&sonnel, elimi&te
all heat and ignition SO&XS. and provide adequate vent&ion:
Cleanup persbnnel hl&ld protect against vapor inhala&,
ey<
contact, and skin absorption. Absorb as much benzene as possible with an inert, noncombustible
material. For large spills, dike far ahead of spill
and contain liquid. Use nonsparking tools to place waste liquid or absorbent into closable containers for disposal. Keep waste out of confined
spaces such as sewers, watersheds, and waterways because of explosion danger. Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120).
Disposal: Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33), Hazardous Waste No. UO19
Listed as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance* (40 CFR 302.4), Reportable Quantity (RQ): 1000 lb (454 kg) [* per Clean Water Act, Sec. 307 (a),
311 (b)(4), 112; and per RCRA, Sec. 30011
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
Listed as SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65)
OSHA Designations
Listed as an Air Contaminant
(29 CFR 1910.1000, Tables Z-l-A and Z-2)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
f.\.:\\.>...,......
,_,_,,,, ,, __ ,, ,...,.....,..._..,...
,.,.,...,..
..,..........,.,.......,...,.,.
.......,.._...,.................
.........
............... ...., ,.. ,._, (.,,, ,.,.,.,...,.i,.i...i_.,.i,.,.,.,.,...,...,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,
.. .......................... ..................................................,...
...,..........
......................
.... .,............,....
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133).
Respirator:
Seek professional advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, wear a NIOSH-approved
respirator. For emergency or nonmutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an
SCB.4. Warning! Air-purifLng
respirators do not protect wonkers in oxygen-deficient
atmospheres.
Other: Wear impervious gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent skin contact.
Ventilation:
Provide general anqlocal explosion-proof
ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations at least below the OSHA PELs
(Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred since it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its ~ource!‘~~)
Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
showers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated
Equipment:
Never wear contact lenses in the work area: soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses concentrate, irritants. Remove this
material from your shoes and equipment. Launder contaminated clothing before wearing.
Comments:
Never eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using thii material, especially before eating, drinking,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
._.,.(..,.(,.,.
(.“.‘“........~.~.~.~..
.... ..,.....,...........,.,...,.....,........
.,...,.....,.....,.....,..._.........
.._.............,.....................................................................................,...............................................
.._....._.....................................,.....,...,.....,.......................
........_...............
.,.,.,.,.,. ......_.
~
,,i,._.,_i,.,_/i,./..,.,.,.................................
,.,.,...,
_. ._. _._. ._.,.
_...._...................../.......
.,.,.,.,...,.,...
........A.
in......i....i...........i................
i.........i_....
_....
......I.....
.\...i.....L..
....._IV..........................
..i.....l.....i
.A./.....
....s.A....
..i.i...........................
..a. ..ni._(................
......i.......LY.....-..........
i.........
_...i_.
....i.....A....
Storage Requirements:
Store in tightly closed containers in a cool, dry, well-ventilated
area away from all heat and ignition sources and
incompatible
materials. Caution! Benzene vapor may form e.t#osive mixtures in air. To prevent static sparks, electrically ground and bond all
containers and equipment used in shipping, receiving, or transferring operations in production and storage areas. When opening or closing
benzene containers, use nonsparking tools. Keep fiie extinguishers readily available.
Engineering
Controls:
Because OSHA specifically regulates benzene (29 CFR 1910.1028), educate workers about its potential hazards and
dangers. Minimize
all possible exposures to carcinogens. If possible, substitute less toxic solvents for benzene; use this material with extreme
caution and only if absolutely essential. Avoid vapor inhalation and skin and eye contact. Use only with adequate ventilation and appropriate
personal protective gear. Institute a respiratory protection program that includes regular training, maintenance, inspection, and evaluation.
Designate regulated areas of benzene use (see legend in the box below) and label benzene containers with “DANGER,
CONTAINS
BENZENE,
CANCER HAZARD.”
Other Precautions:
Provide preplacement and periodic medical examinations with emphasis on a history of blood disease or previous exposure.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101, .102)
DOT Shipping Name: Benzene (benzol)
IMO Shipping Name: Benzene
IMO Hazard Class: 3.2
DOT Hazard Class: Flammable liquid
ID No.: UN1 114
ID No.: UN1 114
DOT Label: Flammable liquid
IMO Label: Flammable liquid
DOT Packaging Exceptions:
173.118
IMDG Packaging Group: II
DOT Packaging Requirements:
173.119
MSDSCollecticw~ References: 1,2,12.X,
Prepared by: MJ Allison, BS; Industrial
73,84-94,100,101,103,109,124,126,127,132,134,136,138,139,143
Hygiene Review: DJ Wilson, ClH; Medlad Review: MJ Upfal, MD, MPH; Edited by: JR Stuart, MS
. .. .
. ._ . . .
_. .. . ... _. _ .. .
_ ..
Genium
Publishing
Corp.
One Genium Plaza
Schenectady, NY 123044690
(518) 377-8854
Material Safety Data Sheet Collection
MSDS No. 939
DDD
Date of Preparation: 12/94
.:
Pra Iduct/Chemical Name: DDD
(ClC&)$HCHC12
Chc zmical Formula:
CA S No.: 72-54-8
SYmronyms: benzene, l,l’-(2,2dichloroetylidene)
bis (4-chlorobenzene); l,ldichloro2,2bis
Q-chlorophenyl) ethane;
die:hlorodiphenyldichloroethane; Dilene; Rothane; TDE, tetrachlorodiphenylethane
Del sivation: DDD is no longer produced or sold commercially in the USA. Prepared by chlorination of ethanol and subsequent
CO ndensation with chlorobenzene. DDD also occurs naturally as a degradation product of DDT.
Gel neral Use: Formerly used as a pesticide (dusts, emulsions, and wettable powders) for control of leaf rollers and other insects.
Vei Idors: Consult the latest Chemical Week Buyers’ Guide. (73)
Init redient, ca >90 % wt @, p’ isomer)
::..
Tra.ceImpurities: I 10% 0, p’ isomer
OSHA PEL
NIOSH
None established
None established
ACGM
REL
DFG (Germany)
MAK
None established
TLV
None established
A&***
Emergency Overview PWkA-A-
DDD exists as odorless, colorless crystals. It is irritating to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. Systemic
toxicity is similar to that caused by DDT (Genius MSDS #155), but to a slightly lesser extent. The central
nervous system and liver appear to be most affected. Skin absorption can occur. Although combustible, DDD
does not burn readily, Banned from US production becauseof its ability to bioconcentrate and its persistency
in the environment.
Potential Health Effects
Pri imary Entry Routes: Inhalation, ingestion, skin absorption.
Ta rget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory tract, central nervous system, liver.
AC ute Effects
Ill Ihalation: Symptoms include irritation of the respiratory tract, nausea, vomiting, and excitement followed by
Wilson
Risk
Scale
R 1
I s 2*
K 1
Skin
bsorption
HMIS
H 2*
F 1
R 0
1ethargy (general tiredness). Exposure to DDD appears to result in less severe symptoms than exposure to its
1iigher analogue, DDT.
E:ye: Contact causesminor irritation.
* chronic
SIkin: Contact causesminor irritation. Absorption can cause systemic effects.
effects
II kgestion: Ingestion causesCNS effects (see inhalation). The estimated fatal dose is Sg/kg.
PPEt
Mc:dical Conditions Aggravated by Long-Term Exposure: Liver disorders.
TSec. 8
ChIronic Effects: Repeated exposure can lead to liver damage and atrophy (deterioration) of the adrenal cortex.
Carcinogenicity: Listed by IARC (Class 2B carcinogen, possibly carcinogenic in humans) and the EPA (Class B2 carcinogen,
if tadequate human and adequate animal data) as a carcinogen. Although the NTP reports DDD to have produced cancer in
nimals, it has only given a formal designation to DDT.
her: In general, exposure to organochlorine pesticides have been indicated in spontaneous abortions and premature delivery.
halation: Remove exposed person to fresh air and support breathing as needed.
reContact: Do not allow victim to rub or keep eyes tightly shut. Gently lift eyelids and flush immediately and continuously
rith flooding amounts of water. Consult an ophthalmologist if pain or irritation persist.
QuickZy remove contaminated clothing. Rinse with flooding amounts of water followed by a soap and water
rash.Consult a physician if pain or irritation persist.
gestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsing person. Contact a poison control center. Vomiting
lay be spontaneous.
.in Contact:
lerfirst aid, get appropriate in-plant, paramedic, or community
,te to Physicians: Treatment is symptomatic and supportive.
medical support,
ash Point: None reported. DDD is combustible, but does not ignite readily.
Genium
toignition Temperature:
None reported.
1
LEL: None reported.
2
0
UEL : None reported.
Flammability
Classification:
Combustible solid
49
Extinguishing
Media: Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, regular foam, or water spray.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: None reported.
Hazardous Combustion Products: Include chlorine and hydrogen chloride gas.
Fire-Fighting
Instructions:
Do not release runoff from fire control methods to sewers or waterways.
Fire-Fighting
Equipment: Because fire may produce toxic thermal decomposition products, wear a self-contained breathing
apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode.
Spill /Leak Procedures: Notify safety personnel, isolate and ventilate area, deny entry, and stay upwind.
Small Spills: Carefully scoop or vacuum (with appropriate filter) and place in suitable container for disposal.
Large Spills: Flush spill with water to containment area. Absorb with activated carbon. Do not release into sewersor waterways.
Regulatory Requirements:
Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120).
Handling Precautions:
Storage Requirements:
Wear appropriate PPE to prevent inhalation, eye contact, and skin absorption.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from alkalis.
Controls: Since DDD is no longer produced in the USA, engineering controls are not normally applicable.
However, when DDD is encountered through analysis and disposal procedures, it is important that processesare enclosed to
prevent dispersion of DDD dusts or contaminated (DDD) soil through the work area.
Ventilation: Provide general or local exhaust ventilation systemsto maintain airborne concentrations as low as possible. Local
xhaust ventilation is preferred becauseit prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its source.(103)
&nistrative
Controls: Consider preplacement and periodic medical exams of all workers potentially exposed to DDD.
Emphasis should be placed on liver function.
Respiratory Protection: Seek professional advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29
CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, wear a MSHA/NIOSH-approved respirator. Select respirator based on its suitability to
provide adequate worker protection for given working conditions, level of airborne contamination, and presence of sufficient
oxygen. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA. Wanzing!
Air-puri;fying respirafors do not protect workers in oxygen-dejicieti atmospheres. If respirators are used, OSHA requires a
written respiratory protection program that includes at least medical certification, training, fit-testing, periodic environmental
monitoring, maintenance, inspection, cleaning, and convenient, sanitary storage areas.
Protective Clothing/Equipment:
Wear chemically protective gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent prolonged or
repeated skin contact. Wear protective eyeglassesor chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye and faceprotection regulations
(29 CFR 1910.133). Contact lenses are not eye protective devices. Appropriate eye protection must be worn instead of, or in
conjunction with contact lenses.
Safety Stations: Make emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench showers, and washing facilities available in work area.
Contaminated
Equipment:
Separate contaminated work clothes from street clothes. Launder before reuse or plan for disposal.
Remove DDD from your shoes and clean personal protective equipment.
Comments: Never eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after potential exposure to DDD,
especially before eating, drinking, smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
Engineering
Physical State: Solid
Appearance and Odor: Odorless, colorless cr)Mal~
Vapor Pressure: 10.2 x low7mm Hg at 86 “F (30 “C)
Formula Weight: 320.05
Density (H20=1, at 4 ‘C): 1.385 g/cm3
Water Solubility: 0.005 ppm
Other Solubilities: Soluble in organic solvents
Boiling Point: 379.4 ‘F (193 ‘C) at 1 mm Hg
Melting Point: 228.2 to 230 “F (109 to 110 “C)
OctanoFWater
Partition Coefficient: log Kow = 6.02
ability: DDD is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Polymerization:
Hazardous polymerization does not occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Alkalis.
Conditions to Avoid: Exposure to ignition SONCAX and alkalis.
Hazardous Decomposition
Products: Thermal oxidative decomposition of DDD can produce chlorine gas.
Page 2 of 3
Toxicity Data:*
Acute Dermal
Acute Oral Effects:
Effects:
Rabbit, skin, LD5o: 1200 mg/kg caused primary irritation,
excitement and convulsions or effect on seizure threshold, and
death in 50% of test animals.
Mutagenicity:
Mouse embryo: 28,400 mnol/L caused oncogenic transformation.
See NIOSH,
RTECS
(KIO7OOOUO), for additional
toxicity
Rat, oral, LD5o: 113 mg/kg
Tumorigenicity:
Rat, oral: 54 g/kg/78 continuous weeks caused thyroid
tumors.
data.
Ccotoxicity: Japanese quail, LC5u = 3165 ppm ; mallard duck, LCse = 4814 ppm; rainbow trout, Lo = 70 pg/L/96 hr.
Environmental
Transport:
If released to soil, DDD will absorb strongly with very little leaching to groundwater. In water,
DDD will absorb strongly to sediient and bioconcentrate in aquatic animaIs. Hydrolysis is not appreciable; est. half-life is 570
days (pH 9) and 190 days (pH 5). Evaporation will be slow; est. half-life from a model river 1 m deep, flowing 1 m/set with a
wind velocity of 3 n&c is 1.82 days.
Environmental
Degradation:
Biodegrades very slowly.
ioil Absorption/Mobility:
Absorbs strongly to soil, sediment, and particulates.
Xsposal: DDD is a potential candidate for rotary kiln incineration. Activated carbon can be used to remove most DDD from
wastewater (to levels c 1 mg/L). Contact a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations. Follow applicable Federal, state,
and local regulations.
Zontainer Cleaning and Disposal: Triple rinse containers before disposal or shipment to scrap metal facility.
.....
._
:_._. ‘....,._
.~._._.. ... .. ‘. :. :.::.:::::::::.:::.::::::::::::..::::. :..: .:.. ..
._.i..,..:...F.. _...; .:::‘:::,:::::..:::
:.:.::::.::,:
. .,. .. ,/..:...._.
:/ ,:.‘:.
.!..
:: :i:iii:iil’i”:-ii~‘~~~‘~~~:.~~~~~.:~.::~.~~~::~~‘~i~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~i~~~~:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/ :.::.
.. :. :.::.. .,... 1.. i. i.. :
DOT Transportation Data (49 CFR 172.101):
Name: Grganochlorine
pesticides, solid toxic, n.o.s.
Shipping
Shipping Symbols: Hazard Class: 6.1
ID No.: UN2761
Packing Group: III
Label: Keep Away From Food
Special Provisions (172.102): -
Packaging Authorizations
a) Exceptions: 173.153
b) Non-bulk Packaging: 173.213
c) Bulk Packaging: 173.240
Quantity Limitations
a) Passenger, Aircraft, or Railcar:
b) Cargo Aircraft Only: 200 kg
100 kg
Vessel Stowage Requirements
a) Vessel Stowage: A
b) Other: 40
EPA Regulations:
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33): UO60
Listed as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 302.4) per RCRA, Sec. 3001, CWA, Sec. 311 (b)(4), and CWA, Sec.
307(a).
CERCLA Reportable Quantity (RQ), 1 lb (0.454 kg)
SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not listed
SARA EHS (Extremely Hazardous Substance) (40 CFR 355): Not listed
OSHA Regulations:
Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-l, Z-l-A): Not listed
References: 73,103,124,184,189,197,198
Prepared By .................................. M Gannon, BA
Industrial Hygiene Review.. ........ DJ Wilson, CIH
Medical Review ............................ T Thoburn, MD, MPH
Judgments as to the suitability of information herein for the purchaser’s purposes are necessarily the purchaser’s
responsibility. Although reasonable care has been taken in the preparation of such information, Genium Publishing Corporation
extends no warranties, makes no representations, and assumesno responsibility as to the accuracy or suitability of such
information for application to the purchaser’s intended purpose or for consequencesof its use.
Disclaimer:
Material Safety Data Sheets Collection:
Genium Publishing
Corporation
1145 Catalyn Street
(518)
NY 37,-g854
12303-1836
Schenectady,
Section 1. Material
-
USA
!Eene
Identification:
38
l,l-Dichloroethane
(CH,CHCl
Description:
Derived by various
methods; by direct chlorination of ethane, as a side
R
1
product of chloral manufacture, 2 y treating ethylene and chlorine with calcium chloride, by action of phosphorus chloride on I
3
acetaldehyde, and the reaction of hydrogen chloride and vinyl chloride at 20 to 55 “C in the presence of an aluminum, ferric,
S
2
or zinc chloride catalyst. Found as an air contaminant in submarines and space craft. Its largest industrial use is in the
K4
production of l,l,l-trichloroethane.
Also used as a cleansing agent, degreaser. solvent for plastics, oils, and fats, grain
fumigant, chemical intermediate; in insecticide sprays, rubber cementing, fabric spreading, paint and varnish removers, in ore
flotation, vinyl chloride production, and as a coupling agent in anti-knock gasoline. Formerly used as an anesthetic.
Other Designations:
CAS No. 75-34-3; assymetrical dichlomethane;
chlorinated hydrochloric ether; ethylidene chloride;
ethylidene dichloride.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult latest Chemicul Week Buyers’ Guide(“) for a suppliers list.
Cautions: 1,l-Dichloroethane
is volatile and highly flammable. It is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract and inhalation of high
concentrations causes an anesthetic effect.
Section 2. Ingredientsand
Occupationa
NFPA
3
2-o
43
FE
F
3
kG:
‘Sec.8
[email protected]~e Limits
l,l-Dichloroethane,
reagent grade (99.7%). Impurities consist of ethyl chloride (0.02%), trichloroethylene
(0.08%), butylene oxide (0.08%),
ethylene dichloride (O.Ol%), and unknown (0.14%).
1991-92 ACGIH TLVs*
1985-86 Toxicity Datat
1991 OSHA PEL
TWA: 200 ppm (8 10 mg/m3)
8-hr TWA: 100 ppm (400 mg/m3)
Mouse, oral, TD Lo: 185 g/kg administered intermittently
STEL: 250 ppm (1010 mg/m3)
for 78 wk produced uterine tumors.
1990 IDLH Level
1990 DFG (Germany) MAK
Rat, oral, LD5,: 725 mg/kg; toxic effects not yet reviewed.*
4000 ppm
100 ppm (400 mg/m3)
Rat, inhalation, TC,: 6000 ppm# hr administered during
1990 NIOSH REL
Half-life: < 2hr
6 to 15 days of pregnancy caused developmental abnor8-hr TWA: 100 ppm (400 mg/m3)
Peak Exposure Lit:
200 ppm/30 min. average malities of the musculoskeletal
system.
value/maximum
of 4 peaks per shift
* Notice of intended change to 100 pptrJ405 mg/m3.
tSee NIOSH, RTECS (KIO175000), for additional reprcniudive, tumorigeaic and toxicity data.
4 Considered a possible error since subsequent studies at higher concentrations failed to produce comparative results.(‘33)
[email protected]&i~il?liysi~.IPata
..:.
Boiline Point: 135 “F (57.3 “C)
Melt&
Point: -143 ‘g (-96.98 “C)
Vapor Pressure: 230 mm Hg at 77 “F (25 “C)
Saturated Vapor Density (air = 1.2 kg/m3 or 0.075 [email protected]):
0.129 lbs/ft3
Refraction Index: 1.4166 at 68 “F (20 “C)
Surface Tension: 24.75 dyne/cm at 68 “F (20 “C)
Appearance
and Odor:
Colorless,
mobile,
.y:j
2.076 kg/m3 or
oily liquid with a chloroform
Sec~oii:4,..:~ltie:airid~Explasio~~~
: I .. : j j.
.;.
.:.
Molecular
Weieht: 98.97
Specific Gravit&
1.174 at 68 “F (20/4 “C)
Water Solubility:
Slightly, 0.5%
Other Solubilities:
Very soluble in alcohol and ether, soluble in
acetone, benzene, and fured and volatile oils.
Relative Evaporation
Rate (BuAc=l):
11.6
Odor Threshold:
49 to 1359 ppm; odor is not sufficient to warn
against overexposure
odor and a saccharin taste.
.. i .: :; ’ i i; ; : .: ; ’ j
I
’ I
Flash Point:
17 “F (-8.33 “C) CC*
1 Autoignition
Temperature:
856 “F (493 “C)
1 LEL: 5.6% v/v
1 UEL: 11.&?&v
Extinguishing
Media: A Class 1B Flammable Liquid. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide (CO& or “alcohol-resistant”
foam. For
large fires, use fog or “alcohol-resistant”
foam. Water may be ineffective unless used as a “blanket”.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Vapors may travel to an ignition source and flash back. Container may explode in heat of fire.
Special Fire-fighting
Procedures:
Because fire may produce toxic thermal decomposition products, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus
(SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode. Structural fuefighter’s protective clothing will provide only
limited protection. If possible without risk, move container from fire area. Apply cooling water to sides of containers until well after ftre is out, Stay
away from ends of tanks. For massive fre in cargo area, use monitor nozzles or unmanned hose holders; if this is impossible, withdraw loom area
and let fue bum. Withdraw immediately
if you hear a rising sound from venting safety device or notice any tank discoloration due to fue. Do not
release runoff from fire control methods to sewers (explosion) or waterways.
* 22 “F (-5 5 “C) [email protected]*)
[email protected]$io~ 5. .yJ&[email protected]
Data
:
Stability/Polymerization:
l,l-Dichlomethane
is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Hazard&s polymerization
cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Incompatible
with strong oxidizers and forms aceta.ldehyde in contact with caustics. l,l-Dichloroethane
will attack
some forms of plastics, rubber, and coatings.
Conditions
to Avoid: Exposure to heat and ignition sources and contact with incompatibles.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal oxidative decomposition
of 1,ldichloroethane
can produce carbon dioxide (CO& irritating
hydrogen chloride (HCl) and toxic phosgene (C0Cl.J fumes.
[email protected]~~~jj
16;..Hgial&‘:!Hmj&
D&f-a
i : ‘. i. .j ij:jj
‘, ij i .i .I il :I. i ii i:.; :i’: :j ::.i i : i, : : : ;. j i ; l;.,; :I
!
I : ;
; :
; .j : 1’: ;
Carcinogenicity:
The IARC,
NTP,(‘69) and OSHA(‘@) d o not lit l,l-dichloroethane
as a carcinogen. However, the National Cancer Institute
has recommended caution due to analogy to other chlomethanes such as 13dichlorothane
which are shown to cause cancer in animals.
Summary of Risks: l,l-Dichloroethane
is irritating to the eyes and respiratory system. It causes varying degrees of central nervous system (CNS)
disturbance depending on the concentration and duration of exposure. Liver and kidney toxicity is controversial.
continue (XI next page
CcqydghtO
1592GmiumPnblirhiogCc+mtion
Any mamlcrdal
us.? or rqmdudion
tilbalt
lbc puul~~
pumtdm
la proMtiled
NO.
830
$py-jon
l,l-Dichloroethane
6.
Health
.j&&-;d
6/92
~&[email protected]:&&~nue~
:
:
iome sources report that Severe, acute exposures can cause damage, some quote. recent detailed chronic studies which indicate little canacitv for
Image; still others refute the possibility of acute damage even f;m very high exposures. In reviewing the data it appears likely that c&on&
:xposure will not cause kidney or liver damage but acute exposures to high concentrations may. There is definite evidence that l,l-dichloroethane
nvduces liver damage in monkeys, dogs, and rats when exposed to 98 ppm/90 days. It is also unclear whether or not 1,l dichloroethane
is absorbed
hrough the skin. There are reports of absorption (although not in toxic amounts) and others claiming there is no absorption. Given this controversial
iata it is best to take precautions as if skin absorption, and liver and kidney damage were proven to occur. Medical Conditions Aggravated
by
hng-term
Exposure: Chronic respiratory and skin disease, neurological damage, and liver or kidney disorders. Target Organs: Skin, CNS, liver,
cidney. Primary Entry Routes: Inhalation and skin contact. Acute Effects: Inhalation symptoms include eye, nose, and throat irritation, headache,
lizziness, coughing, staggering, disturbed vision, irregular heartbeat (can result in sudden death), unconsciousness, narcosis, coma, and death due to
:ardiac or respiratory failure. There is the risk of pulmonary edema (fluid in lungs). Skin contact is irritating and causes defatting, redness and
iwelling. Vapor contact with the eyes causes irritation, watering eyes and lid inflammation.
Splashes to the eyes produces a burning sensation,
watering, and lid inflammation.
Chronic Effects: Repeated skin contact can cause a rash and scaliness. Repeated inhalation may have neurological
zffects.
FIRST AID Emergency personnel shouldprotect
against contamination.
Eyes: Gently lift eyelids and flush immediately
and continuously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical facility.
10 not allow victim to rub or keep eyes tightly shut, Immediately
consult an ophthamlologist.
Skin: l,l-Dichloroethane
vaporizes easily and poses
m inhalation hazard as well. Quickly and carefully remove contaminated clothing; l,l-dichloroethane
isflammable!
Rinse with flooding amounts o;
Hater for at least 15 min. Wash exposed area with soap and water. For reddened or blistered skin, consult a physician. Inhalation:
Remove exposed
lerson to fresh air and support breathing as needed. Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsing person. Contact a
yoison control center. Unless the poison control center advises otherwise, have that conscious and alert person drink 1 to 2 glasses of water, then
nduce vomiting. After vomiting, give 2 tbsp activated charcoal in 8 oz water to drink.
Pfter frst aid, get appropriate
in-plant, paramedic,
or community
medical support.
Yote to Physicians: Proper ventilation is the main treatment for acute exposure. Be prepared to support respiration if needed. Monitor liver function
;tudies, urine analysis, and creatinine with acute and chronic exposure.
Section 7, Spill, Leak, and: Dispt&Wi$&dUr&
Spill/Leak:
Immediately
notify safety personnel, isolate and ventilate area, deny entry, and stay upwind. Shut off ignition sources. Cleanup
jersonnel should protect against inhalation and skin contact. For small spills, take up with earth, sand, vermiculite, or other absorbent, noncombusible material and using nonsparking tools, place in a suitable container. For large spills, dike far ahead of liquid spill for disposal or reclamation.
>o not allow l,l-dichloroethane
to enter confined areas such as a sewer because of potential explosion. Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29
3FR 1910.120). Environmental
Degradation:
In soil, 1,ldichloroethane
volatilizes rapidly but may leach into gmundwater. In water it will
/olatilize from a pond, lake, or river with a half-life of 6 to 9 days, 5 to 8 days, and 24 to 32 hr, respectively. In the atmosphere it will degrade by
.eaction with photochemically
produced hydroxyl radicals with a 62 day half-life. It may also be carried back to soil via rain.
Ecotoxicity Values: Artemia salina, brine shrimp, TLm 320 mg/IJ24 lx; L.agodon rhomboides, pinperch, TLm 160 mgiLl24 hr, Poecilia ret&&a,
;uppies, LC,, 202 ppml7 days.
Disposal: Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
OSHA Designations
Listed as an Air Contaminant (29 CFR
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
1910.1000, Table Z-l-A)
SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not liited
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33): NO. U076
Listed as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance* (40 CFR 302.4): Fiial Reportable Quantity (RQ), 1000 lb (454 kg)
r* per RCRA, Sec. 3001 & CWA, Sec. 307(a)]
: : : :
1.
: ; ;
: .i 1 :.I.:
.I :
:.
i "
.-
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133). Because
contact lens use in industry is controversial, establish your own policy. Respirator:
Seek professional advice prior to respirator selection and use..
Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, wear a NIOSWMSHA-approved
respirator. For < 1000 ppm. use any
supplied-air respirator or SCBA. For < 2500 ppm, use any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous flow mode. For c 4000 ppm, use any
supplied-air respirator or SCBA with a full facepiece. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks),
wear an SCBA. Warning! Air-purifying
respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres. If respirators arc used, O$HA requires
a respiratory protection program that includes at least: training, fit-testing, periodic environmental
monitoring, maintenance, inspection, cleaning,
and convenient, sanitary storage areas. Other: Wear chemically protective gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent repeated or prolonged
skin
contact. Polyvinyl alcohol is recommended as suitable material for PPG. Ventilation:
Provide general and local exhaust ventilation systems to
maintain airborne concentrations below the OSHA PEL (Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred because it prevents contaminant dispersion
into the work area by controlling it at its source. W-Y Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quickdrench showers, and washing facilities. Contaminated
Equipment:
Separate contaminated work clothes from street clothes and launder before
reuse. Thoroughly decontaminate personal protective equipment. Comments:
Never eat, drii
or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal
hygiene
after using this material, especially before eating, drinking, smoking, using the toilet or applying cosmetics.
_-
%&ion 9. Special Prqzautians [email protected] Com’ments
Storage Requirements:
Prevent physical damage to containers. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated
area away from ignition sources and incompatibles (Sec. 5). Label containers to indicate the contents’ high flammability.
Periodically inspect containers for cracks and leaks. To prevent static
sparks, electrically ground and bond all equipment used in 1,ldichloroethane
manufacture, use, storage. transfer, and shipping.
Engineering
Controls: To reduce. potential health hazards, use sufficient dilution or local exhaust ventilation to control airborne contaminants and
to maintain concentrations at the lowest practical level.
Administrative
Controls: Consider preplacement and periodic medical exams of exposed workers emphasizing the skin, CNS, liver, and kidney.
Educate workers about the hazards of 1 ,ldichloroethane
and the necessary precautions to reduce or prevent exposure.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.102)
IMO Shipping Name: 1 , 1-Dichloroethane
IMO Label: Flammable Liquid
IMDG Packaging Group: II
IMO Hazard Class: 3.2
ID No.: UN2362
MSDS Collection References: 73,89,101,103,126,127,131,132,133,136,
140,148,149,153,159,
162,163,164,167,168,171
Prepared by: M Ganuon, BA; Industrial Hygiene Review: PA Roy, MPH, CIH; Medical Review: AC Darlington, MPH, MD
Genium Publishing
L
Material
Corporation
- Sheet No. 385
Ethylbenzene
One Genium Plaza
Schenectady,
NY
USA
12304-4690
Safety Data Sheets Collection:
(‘18) 377-8854
Issued: 8178.
j
Revision: B, 9/92
:
:
Ethylbenzene
(C~H&ZH&
Description:
Derived by heating benzene and ethylene in presence of aluminum chloride with
subsequent distillation,
by fractionation directly from the mixed xylene stream in petroleum refining, or dehydmgenation
of naphthenes. Used as a solvent, an antiknock agent in gasoline; and as an intermediate in production of synthetic rubber,
styrene, cellulose acetate, dietbylbenzene,
acetophenone, ethyl antbraquinone, propyl oxide, and a-methylbenzol
alcohol.
Other Designations:
CAS No. 100-41-4, ethylbenzol, EB, phenylethane, NCI-C56393.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult latest Chemical Week Buyers’ Guidd73) for a suppliers list.
39
NFPA
R
1
I
3
S
2*
Fsski2
23*
49
HMIS
I-I
2t
F
3
R
0
PPE - Sec. 8
t chronic
absOrpIion
Cautions: Ethylbenzene is a skin and mucous membrane irritant considered the most irritating of the benzene series. Inhalation
causes acute and chronic central nervous system (CNS) effects. It is highly flammable and forms explosive mixtures with air.
effwt.
Section 2. Ingredieilts
Ethylbenzene,
ca >!N.O%.
and [email protected]
Impurities
~Limits
include - 0.1% meta & paru xylene, - 0.1% cumene, and - 0.1% toluene.
1992-93 ACGIH
TLVs
TWA: 100 ppm (434 mg/m3)
STEL: 125 ppm (545 mg/m3)
1990 DFG (Germany)
MAK
TWA: 100 ppm (440 mg/m3)
Category 1: local irritants
Peak Exposure Limit: 200 ppm, 5
momentary value, max of 8/shiif(
Danger of cutaneous absorption
1991 OSHA PELs
8-br TWA: 100 ppm (435 mg/m3)
15-min STEL: 125 ppm (545 mg/m3)
Action Level: 50 ppm (217 mg/m3)
1990 IDLH
2000 ppm
Expsuie
Level
1990 NIOSH REL
TWA: 100 ppm (435 mg/m3)
STEL: 125 ppm (545 mg/m3)
1985-86 Toxicity Data*
Human, inhalation, TC,: 100 ppm/8 hr caused eye effects,
sleep, and respiratory changes.
Human, lymphocyte: 1 mmol/L induced sister cbromatid
exchange.
Rat, oral, LD%: 3500 mg/kg; toxic effects not yet reviewed
Rat (female), inhalation, TC Lo: 1000 ppmr7 brlday, 5 days/
wk, for 3 wk prior to mating and daily for 19 days of gestation produced pups with high incidence of extra ribs.(‘7g)
* See.NIOSH, RTECS (DAO7OWOO), for additional irritation, mutation, reproductive, and toxicity data.
S&on3.!P~ysicaf:Da~
:,.....i;
,,
::::
ij::.:
:
Boiling Point: 277 “F (136 “C)
Mel&g
Point: -139 ‘6 (-95 “c)
Surface Tension: 31.5 dyne/cm
Ionization
Potential:
8.76 eV
Viscosity: 0.64 CP at 77 “F (25 “C)
Refraction Index: 1.4959 at 68 “F (20 “C)
Relative Evaporation
Rate (ether = 1): 0.0106
Bulk Density: 7.21 lb/Gal at 77 “F (25 “C)
Critical Temperature:
651 “F (343.9 “C)
Critical Pressure: 35.6 arm
Appearance
and Odor: Colorless, flammable liquid
4; :@fe
S&@&n
~&:E~p!&@~~$$
Molecular
Weight: 106.16
Density: 0.863 at 77 “F (25 “C)
Water Solubility:
Slightly, 14 mg/lOO mL at 59 “F (15 “C)
Other Solubilities:
Miscible in alcohol, ether, soluble in carbon tetrachloride, benzene,
sulfur dioxide, and many organic solvents; insoluble in ammonia
Odor Threshold:
2.3 ppm
Vapor Pressure: 7.1 mm Hg at 68 “F (20 “C); 10 mmHg at 78.62 “F (25.9 “C); 100 mm Hg
165.38 “F (74.1 “C)
Saturated Vapor Density (Air = 0.075 lb/ft? or 1.2 kg/m3): 0.0768 lb/f+ or 1.2298 kg/m3
with a pungent odor.
.; :;,.ij ;.‘I:/ ; .::; :: ;‘:,: : .. : j ; :
;:
j : i,
:
:’
; i i .;
i .., ;.: ,,.:, :
UEL: 6.7%.v/;
Flash Point: 64 “F (18 “C) CC
1Autoignition
Temperature:
810 ‘i (432 ‘6)
1 LEL: 1.0% v/v
Extinguishing
Media: Class 1B Flammable liquid. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or ‘alcohol-resistant’
foam. For large fues, ust
fog or ‘alcohol-resistant’
foam. Use water only if other agents are unavailable: EB floats on water and may travel to an ignition source and spread
fue. Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Burning rate = 5.8 mm/min. Vapors may travel to an ignition source and flash back. Container may
explode in heat of fue. EB poses a vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors, and in sewers. Special Fire-fighting
Procedures: Because fue may
produce toxic thermal decomposition
products, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand
or positive-pressure mode. Cool container sides with water until well aft& ftre is out. Stay away from ends of tanks. For massive fire in cargo area,
use monitor nozzles or unmanned hose holders; if impossible, withdraw from area and let fire bum. Withdraw immediately
if you hear rising sound
from venting safety device or notice any tank discoloration due to fire. Do not release runoff from fire control methods to sewers or waterways.
Section5.
,ReactivityData.
:
:. : :,
Stability/Polymerization:
Ethylbenzene is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
polymerization
cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Reacts vigorously with oxidizers.
Conditions
to Avoid: Exposure to heat and oxidizers.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal oxidative decomposition
of EB can produce acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
$j&gj+~.;g&-g#@z&+~
~~&&~:~~~j:;::;
: .:
:. ;: g ; ;. :,,;, i:,[: ;: i ; .;? .; /. ;;;: ‘:
: : ‘i I
: j j,;
Hazardous
j ;:[ 1; ;;.;..j ::. ;,.i.,;,;j.;: i .; .; : ,‘: ; .. ;!
of Risks: Occupational exposure to EB alone
Carcinogenicity:
The IARC,(‘64) NTP,(‘69) and OSHA(‘@) d o not list EB as a carcinogen. Summary
is rare since it is usually present together with other solvents. EB is irritating to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. Vapor inhalation produces
varying degrees of CNS effects depending on concentration. The liquid is absorbed through the skin but vapors are not 56 to 64% of inhaled
ethylbenzene is retained and metabolized. Urinary metabolites following exposure to 23 to 85 ppm for 8 hr an? mandelic acid (64%), phenylglyoxylic acid (25%), and methylphenylcarbinoYl-phenyl
ethanol (5%). Concurrent exposure to xylene and ethylbenzene causes slower excretion
of EB metabolites. Based on the rat LD,, one manufacturer gives 3 to 4 oz. as the lethal dose for a 100 lb person.
continue on next page
Copydgtd
0 I992
Gmium
Poblisldng
Corporaclon.
Any -dal
we of repmducpia!
tiU1cu1
the @lilber’s
prmladoo
is prohMcd
No. 385
Ethylbenzene
9/92
chronically exposed to > 100 ppm complained of fatigue, sleepiness, headache, and mild irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract. Repeated vapor
inhalation may result in blood disorders, particularly leukopenia (abnormally low level of white blood cells) and lymphocytosis.
FIRST AID
Eyes: Do nor allow victim to rub or keep eyes tightly shut. Gently lift eyelids and flush immediately
and continuously with flooding amounts of
water until transported to an emergency medical facility. Consult a physician immediately.
Skin: Quickly remove contaminated clothing. Rmse
with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 min. Wash exposed area with soap and water. For reddened or blistered skin, consult a physician.
Inhalation:
Remove exposed person to fresh air and support breathing as needed. Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or
convulsing person. Contact a poison control center and unless otherwise advised, have that conscious and alert person drink 1 to 2 glasses of water
to dilute. Do nor induce vomiting! Aspiration of even a small amount of EB in vomitus can cause severe damage since its low viscosity and surface
tension will cause it to spread over a large area of the lung tissue.
After frost aid, get appropriate
in-plant, paramedic,
or community
medical support.
Note to Physicians: BE1 = mandelic acid in urine (1.5 g/g of creatinine), sample at end of shift at workweeks end. Since this test is not specific,
test for EB in expired air for confirmation.
Section 7. Spill, Leak, and Disposal.Procedures
::
Spill/Leak:
Notify safety personnel. Isolate and ventilate area, deny entry and stay upwind. Shut off all ignition sources. Cleanup personnel should
protect against vapor inhalation and skin/eye contact. Take up small spills with earth, sand, vermiculite, or other absorbent, noncombustible
material and place in suitable container. Dike far ahead of large spill for later reclamation or disposal. Report any release >lOOO lb. Follow applicable
OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120). Environmental
Transport:
If released to soil, EB partially evaporates into the atmosphere, with a half-life
of hrs to wks, and some leaches into groundwater, especially in soil with low organic carbon content. Biodegradation
occurs with a half-life of 2
days. Some EB may absorb to sediment or bioconcentrate in fish. Evidence points to slow biodegradation
in groundwater. In air, it reacts with
photochemically
produced hydroxyl radicals with a half-life of hrs to 2 days. Additional amounts may be removed by rain. Ecotoxicity Values:
Shriip (Mysidopsis bahia), LCsc = 87.6 mgM96 hr; sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegator) LCsc = 275 mg/L/96 hr; fathead minnow
(Pimephalespromelas)
LCm = 42.3 mg/L/96 hr in hard water & 48.5 mg/If%
hr in softwater. Disposal: A candidate for rotary kiln incineration at
1508 to 2912°F (820 to 16OO”C), liquid injection incineration at 1202 to 2912°F (650 to 16oO”C), and fluidized bed incineration at 842 to 17%‘F
(450 to 980°C). Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
OSHA Designations
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.21): No. DO01
Listed as an Air Contaminant
(29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-I-A)
* :&xl as a SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65)
R4 Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355), TPQ: Not listed
tiisted as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance* (40 CFR 302.4): Final Reportable Quantity (RQ), 1000 lb (454 kg) [* per CWA, Sec. 311 (b)(4) &
CWA, Sec. 307 (a)]
Sectioti & Sptiial :J%Wecljo~Data
:1 ::
: I : : ; 1i
j
;
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133). Because
contact lens use in industry is controversial, establish your own policy. Respirator:
Seek professional advice prior to selection and use. Follow
OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, wear a MSHA/NIOSH-approved
respirator. For < 1000 ppm, use a powered
air-purifying respirator with an appropriate organic vapor cartridge, a supplied-air respirator (SAR), SCBA, or chemical cartridge respirator with
appropriate organic vapor cartridge. For < 2000 ppm, use a SAR or SCBA with a full facepiece. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning
spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA. Warning!Air-purifying
respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-dejicieti
atmospheres. If respirators are used, OSHA requires a respiratory protection program that includes at least: medical certification, training, fit-testing,
periodic environmental monitoring,
maintenance, inspection, cleaning, and convenient, sanitary storage areas. Other: Wear chemically protective
gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets made of Viton or polyvinylchloride
to prevent skin contact. Ventilation:
Provide general and local exhaust
ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations below the OSHA PELs (Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred because it prevents
contaminant dispersion into the work arca by controlling it at its source. (r”) Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency
eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
showers, and washing facilities. Contaminated
Equipment:
Separate contaminated work clothes from
street clothes and launder before reuse. Remove this material ftom’your shoes and clean PPE. Comments:
Never eat, drii
or smoke in work
areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking, smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
[email protected] 9.. $pe&i ‘Precau~ons and Cotitietits
:
:
.’
Storage Requirements:
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated
area away from ignition sources and oxidizers. Outside or detatched storage is
preferred. If inside, store in a standard flammable liquids cabinet. Containers should have flame-arrester or pressure-vacuum venting. To prevent
static sparks, electrically ground and bond all equipment used with ethylbenzene. Install Class 1, Group D electrical equipment.
Engineering
Controls: To reduce potential health hazards, use sufficient dilution or local exhaust ventilation to control airborne contaminants and to maintain
levels as low as possible. Purge and ventilate reaction vessels before workers are allowed to enter for maintenance or cleanup. Administrative
Controls: Consider preplacement and periodic medical exams of exposed workers that emphasize the CNS, skin, blood, and respiratory system.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101)
Quantity Limitations
Packaging Authorizations
DOT Shipping Name: Ethylbenzene
a) Exceptions:
173.150
a) Passenger Aircran or Railcar: 5L
DOT Hazard Class: 3
b) Non-bulk
Packaging:
173.202
b) Cargo Aircraft Only: 60 L
- 3 No.: UN1 175
c) Bulk Packaging:
173.242
3T Packing Group: Ii
Vessel Stowage Requirements
lHlT Label: Flammable liquid
a) Vessel Stowage: B
Special Provisions (172.102): Tl
b) Other: &fSDS Collection References: 26,73,100,101,103,124,126,127,132,133,136,139,140,148,153.159,
162,163,164,167,168,171,176,179
Prepared by: M Gannon, BA; Industtial Hygiene Review: D Wilson, CIH; Medical Review: W Silvennaa, MD
Ccpydgbt
are ocd~
rcs~&lJlfi,y
8 1992 by Ckdum
(be PUCKS
M (0 (he ~ccll~
Puthhiog
Capodoa
~e.pdbuIty.
Allboogb
CR sllIubIlIly
of such
Any -dd
nxscaabk
lnfomlauon
use .x repodudoo
witboot
the poblishdr
prmiarion
IS pohiblkd
ludgmcola
rr lo the roitabllity
of iofannclon
bzzlo
for the pnchards
care has been taken in Ihe preparation
of such IofmnaUoo.
Chum
PubllsIdng
CaponUcm
ukods
WJ wananUe%
makes m? repcsenlaUcas,
ai
for appliauon
to lhe purdlase~a
hltaxkd
purpcBc or fa aomcquems
of its use.
pa~rpovr
US~IES
00
Material Safety Data Sheets Collection:
Genium Publishing
Corporation
Sheet No. 469
Fuel Oil No. 2
1145 Catalyn Sveet
Schenectady,NY 12303-1836 USA
@ip
(518) 377-8854
Issued: 10181
Revision: A, 1l/90
:I.
Fuel Oil No. 2 Description:
A mixture of wtmleum
hydrocarbons; a distillate of low sulfur content. Fuel oil no. 2
xsembles kerosine. U&d as a general-pm&se
domes& or commercial fuel in atomizing-type
burners; as a fuel for trucks,
;bips and other automotive engines; as mosquito control (coating on breeding waters); and for drilling muds.
Other Designations:
CAS No. 68476-30-2, diesel oil.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult the latest Chemicalweek Buyers’ Guideo3) for a suppliers list.
R
I
1
-
33
NFPA
-.---^
HMIS
H
0
Cautions: Fuel oil No. 2 is a skin irritant and central nervous system depressant with high mist concentrations.
hazard and a dangerous fire hazard when exposed to beat, flame, or oxidizes.
It is an environmental
PPG*
*Sec.8
Section 2. Ingredients and Occupational Eqbsure L&&s
?uel oil No. 2*
1989 OSHA PEL
Vane established
1990-91 ACGIH
None established
TLV
1988 NIOSH REL
None established
198586 Toxicity Data?
Rat, oral, LD,,: 9 g/kg; produces gastrointestinal
(bypermotility,
diarrbea)
effects
olehic, napbtbenic, and aTolllii(ic
hydrocarbons; sulfur content (<OS%); and benzene (<IO0 ppm). [A low benzene level
* A complex mixture (45%) of paraffinic,
reduces carcinogenic risk. Fuel oils can be exempted under the benzene standard (29 CFR 1910.1028)].
t Monitor NIOSH. RZKS
(HZ18OOOOO1,for future toxicity data.
[email protected]&n3,;@hJi&&~~&~.~~
:.“..:
-:I.
..I..:::;;;:
Point Range: 363 k.634 ‘F ii84 to %4 “?)
Viscosity: 268 centistoke at 100 “F (37.8 “C)
Specific Gravity: 0.8654 at 59 “F (15 “C)
Appearance and Odor: Brown. slightly viscous liquid.
Ii:
:I
i
..
Water Solubikty:
isohble
Pour Point:* <21 “F (-6 “C)
Boiling
*Pour point is the lowest temperature at which a liquid flows from an inverted test container.
I$$j’d~
*;
:Firti~~~.~lo~6,~i~~~ii
.; ;. j.:j.j... .j :;.; ;. ...i, j:.
; ; :; i
;, i
‘, ;: :I ,i j i ; .; ; I
j
j ; ; ; j :
i
; ;
1 Autoignition
Temperature:
494 ‘F (257 Y$
1 LEL: 0.6% v/v
1 UEL:
7.5% v/v
Flash Point: 100 ‘F (38 “C) min.
Extinguishing
Media: Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, foam, water fog or spray. Do not use a forced water spray directly on burning oil since
this scatters tbe fire. Use a smothering technique to extinguish fire.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Haxardsz Vapors may travel to au ignition source and flash back. Tbis fuel oil’s volatility is similar to gasolme’s.
Special Fire-fighting
Procedures:
Isolate hazard area and deny entry. Since fite may produce toxic fumes, wear a self-contained breathing
apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressuredemand
or positive-pressure mode and full protective clothing. If feasible, remove
containers from fire. Be aware of runoff from fire control methods. Do not release to sewers or waterways due to health and fre or explosion
hazard.
section$ttitjriD?a~ij:i~
::.:.;
.. . . . ..j...
j :j:‘:
‘.;:.i.I
::
I::.
Stability/Polymerization:
Fuel oil no. 2 is stable at room temperahue in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Hazardous polymerization
cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Incompatible
with strong oxidizing agents; beating greatly increases fue hazard.
Conditions
to Avoid: Avoid beat and ignition sources.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Tbermal oxidative decomposition
of fuel oil no. 2 yields various hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon
derivatives and partial oxidation products including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide.
No. 469
Fuel Oil No. 2
1 l/90
.-.
classifiaae as himan caiinogen
(Group 3 animal evidence limited).
Summary
of Risks: Excessive inhalation of aerosol or mist can cause respiratory tract irritation, headache, dizziness, nausea, stupor, convulsions,
or unconsciousness, depending on concentration and time of exposure. Since intestinal abso tion of longer chain hydrocarbons is lower than
absorption from lighter fuels, a lesser degree of systemic effects and more diarrhea may resuT t. When removed from exposed area, affected
. Hemorrhaging
and ulmonary edema, progressing to renal involvement
xrsons usually experience complete recov
and chemical pneumonitis,
nay result if oil is aspirated into the lungs. 3 ese results are more l!k ely when vomiting after ingestion rather than upon ingestion, as 1s often the
:ase with lower viscosity fuels. A comparative ratio of oral-to-aspirated
lethal doses may be 1 pt vs. 5 ml. Prolonged or re
ted skin contact may
:ause irritation of the hair follicles and may block the sebaceous glands, producing a rash of acne pimples and spots, usua lYy on arms and legs.
Medical Conditions
A ravated by Lou -Term Exposure: None reported.
rarget Organs: Centra F nervous system ( E NS), skin, and mucous membranes.
Primary Entry Routes: Inhalation, ingestion.
acute Effeds: Systemic effects from ingestion include gastrointestinal
(GI) irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, and, in severe cases, CNS de e&on,
progressing to coma and death. Inhalation of aerosol or mists may result in increased rate of respiration, tachycardia (excessively rapid %cart
>eat), and cyanosis (dark purplish coloration 04 the skin and muc?us membranes caused by deficient blood oxygenation).
Fe$;Emffects:
Repeated contact with the skm causes dermatiti.
I
Eyes: Gently lift the eyelids and flush immediately
and continuously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergency
- medical
F&ility. Cotisult a physician immediately.
Skin: Quickly remove contaminated clothing. Rinse with floodin
amounts of water for at least 15 min. If large areas of the body are exposed or
d irritation persists, get medical help immediately.
Wash affect et area with soap and water.
[nhalationiRemoveexposed
person to fresh air-and support breathing as need&.
[ngestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsing person. If ingested, do not induce vomiting due to aspiration hazard.
Contact a physician immediately.
After first aid, get appropriate
in-plant, paramedic,
or community
medical support.
Note to Physicians:
Gastric lavage is contraindicated
due to aspiration hazard. Preferred antidotes are charcoal and milk. In cases of severe
aspiration pneumonitis,
consider monitoring arterial blood gases to ensure adequate ventilation. Observe the patient for 6 hr. If vital signs become
abnormal or symptoms develop, obtain a chest x-ray.
Section 7. Spill, Leak, and Dispo$al ProcedU&
:
Spill/Leak:
Notify safety personnel, evacuate area for large spills, remove all heat and ignition sources, and provide maximum explosion- roof
ventilation. Cleanup personnel should protect against vapor inhalation and liquid contact. Clean up spills promptly to reduce fire or vapor Eazards.
Use noncombustible
absorbent material to pick up small spills or residues. For large spills, dike far ahead to contain. Pick u liquid for reclamation or disposal. Do not release to sewers or waterways due to health and fire and/or explosion hazard. Follow applicable 0 k)HA regulations (29
CFR 1910.120). Fuel oil no. 2 is an environmental
hazard. Report large spills.
Disposal: Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.21): Ignitable waste
CERCLA Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 302.4): Noiliskd
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not listed
OSHA Designations
Air Contaminant
(29 CFR 1910.1ooO, Subpart Z): Not listed
Section8.Special~otectionDataj--
ii:;:.:
::
.ij::j::
..j::
.;
.j.
iI:.
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 &X 1910.133).
Respirator:
Seek rofessional advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if
necessary, use a N POSH-approved
respirator with mist filter and organic vapor cartridge. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning spills,
reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA. Wurnin ! Air-purifying respirators do rwt protect workers in oxygen-dtfxient atmospheres.
Other: Wear impervious gloves, boots, aprons, and gaun if ets to prevent skin contact.
Ventilation:
Provide
eneral and local explosion- roof ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations that promote worker safety and
mductivity.
Local ex 1 aust ventilation is preferr e& smce it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its sour~e.“~~
showers, and washing facilities.
15afety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
Contaminated
Equipment:
Never wear contact lenses in the work area: soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses concentrate, irritants. Remove this
material from your shoes and equipment. Launder contaminated clothing before wearing.
Comments:
Never eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
gj&jn
9.
$&j&j
Precautions
-and
;Q)mm&&gi’
I’ : : ‘Z. ; ‘1
: “““’
:’ ” .: ‘. ”
: ‘i’;‘;,
:
: i ; ‘1
; ; i’ i j 1 “I”;
7”;
:’ I ;F
Storage Requirements:
Use and storage conditions should be suitable for an OSHA Class II combustible liquid. Store in closed containers in a
well-ventilated
area away from heat and ignition sources and strong oxidizing agents. Protect containers from physical damage. To prevent static
ound and bond all containers and equipment used in shipping, receiving, or transferring operations. Use nonsparking tools
sparks, electrically
and explosion-proo r electrical equipment. No smoking in areas of storage or use.
Engineering
Controls: Avoid prolonged skin contact and vapor or mist inhalation. Use only in a well-ventilated
area with personal protective
ear. Institute a respiratory protection program that includes regular training, maintenance, inspection, and evaluation. Practice good personal
clothing. Do not put oily rags in pockets. When working with this material,
i ygiene and housekeeping procedures. Do not wear oil co&unmated
wear gloves or use barrier cream.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101)
DOT Shipping Name: Fuel oil
DOT Hazard Class: Combustible
liquid
ID No.: NA1993
DOT Label: None
DOT Packaging
Exceptions:
173.118a
DOT Packaging
Requirements:
None
References: 1,6,7,12,73,84,103,126,127,132,133,136,143
Prepared by: MJ Allison, BS; Indastlial [email protected] Review: DJ Wilson, ClH; Medical Review: W Silverman, MD; Edited by: JR Stuart, MS
MSDSColleclion
_
-. -
9
_
Genium Publishing
Corporation
1145 Catalyn Street
Schenectady,
NY 12303-1836
(518) 377-8854
Sheet No. 474
Fuel Oil No. 6
USA
Issued:
1 O/8 1
hick paste, fuel oil No. 6 is not usually used unless preheated to decrease its viscosity.
Xher Designations:
CAS NO. 68553-004.
bunker C.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult the latest Chemicalweek Buyers’ Guided’”
Cautions: Fuel oil No. 6 is a respiratory
o heat or flame.
irritant
Revision:
A, 1 l/90
for a suppliers list.
and central nervous system (CNS) depressant. It is a moderate
fire hazard when exposed PPG*
*Sec.8
sI ::j:i::::‘:...::j:::i:;
,:,:.........‘...............................
.-. ...\..y,.~:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:
...:.:.....
... ...... ........... ..../..
:.:.:.:
i........
. ....i.....A......
.:.../..:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:..‘..I...
...:.;..i,.i...i........
....)‘i....i..
...._...........................................................\.......i.................
.. i.. i......................._...........,...,............................
s~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
...,....i.i..,.jl.......;
............?.._...........,._.
....I
... ............\......................
Gel oil No. 6*
1989 OSHA PEL
rlone established
1990-91 ACGIH
None established
TLV
1988 NIOSH REL
None established
‘ A complex mixture of paraffinic, olefinic. naphthenic, and aromatic hydrocarbons,
rlo. 6 with low sulfur (0.2 and 1.2%) is commercially available.
1 Monitor NIOSH, RTECS (HZ18OOOOO), for future toxicity data.
~~~~~
,_._._.._.._._._,.,
.,....
Boiling Point: 500aF (>260 ‘C)
Vapor Pressure: 0.2 mm Hg at 70 ‘F (21 ‘C)
Viscosity: 36,000 centistoke at 100 ‘F (37.8 ‘C)
kppearance
and Odor: Black liquid to heavy paste with a petroleum
1985-86 Toxicity Data?
Rat, oral, LD,,: 9 g/kg
including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Sulfur content is ~2.8%. A fuel oil
......................... ...... ...........,............,.,,,,,...,.,......, ........... ..._...................,............
Specific Gravity:
Water Solubility:
-0.966
Insoluble
odor.
B~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~:~~~~,~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
. ., .._
. ,___
........... _,,.....,...............................,.,............,...
._._.,_ ,...,.....,...,.,...,.,.....,.,.,.,.,.,.,.....,...,.,...........,...............,......................
......... ..............
j......
Flash Point: 150 to 270 ‘F (66 to 13vignition
Temperature:
765 ‘F (407 “C)
1 LEL: 3.9% v/v
1 UEL: 20.1% v/v
Extinguishing
Media: Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, foam, water fog. or spray. Do not use a forced water spray directly on burning oil since.
this scatters the fire. Use a smothering technique to extinguish fire. Cool fire-exposed containers with water spray.
Unusual Fiie or Explosion Hazards: Fuel oil No. 6 is an OSHA Class IIIA combustible liquid that exhibits “boil-ova”
characteristics.
Special Fire-fighting
Procedures:
Isolate hazard area and deny entry. Since fire may produce toxic fumes, wear a self-contained breathing
apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode and full protective clothing. If feasible, remove
containers from fire hazard area. Be aware of runoff from fire control methods. Do not release to sewers or waterways.
.,.,.,.,.,.i,.,
i:.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
::::::>ipiF
i..
i..
..:..
I:.:.~...:.~.:.:.:.:.:.:.~,~.
..~%~A.
~~~
. . . . . . . . ..h..................L...,,
:.:‘,‘.~..,.,.,,,,,.,.,,~,,.,.,.,,,.,,,.,
,,>>:.>>y>
:..(.i:.~.~.~.~.~.:.:
.I.:.
.:.:.
:,):.~.~.~,:.:.~,f:.:.‘:,:
.:.:.:.:.:.:
Stability/Polymerization:
Fuel oil No. 6 is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. Hazardous polymerization
cannot occur.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Incompatible
with strong oxidizing agents; heating greatly increases fire hazard.
Conditions
to Avoid: Avoid heat and ignition sources.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal oxidative decomposition
of fuel oil No. 6 can produce various hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon
derivatives and partial oxidation products includiig
carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide.
.:.:.:.:.
Chronic Effects: Repeated skin contact causes dermatitis and possible systemic toxicity.
FIRST AID
Eyes: Gently lift the eyelids and flush immediately
and continuously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical
facility. Consult a physician immediately.
Skin, Quick
remove contaminated clothin . Rinse with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 min. For reddened or blistered skin, consult a
f&.slclF.
&h
affected area with soap anfwater.
alatlon: Remove exposed person to fresh air and support breathi
as needed.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convu7 smg person. If ingested, do not induce vomiting. Consulting a physician
immediately.
After first aid, get a ropriate in-plant, paramedic,
or community
medical support.
due to aspiration hazard. Preferred antidotes are charcoal and milk.
1 Note to Physicians:
Ppastnc lavage IS contraindicated
* EPA (TOSCA) document 8EHQ-0181-0377, December, 1980.
I
..............._.....
.,, ._,,
..,............,., ,..,,, ..__,_.._.,.,,.,..__...,.,,,,
~~~~~~~~
...........................i......./......i.... ....?.!............... ...2. . . .L...\................\........ ....i....................................................................................................,.................,.....,...,.,...,.....,.........,.................,..............................
...._.........................,.,...,.,...............................................
:......:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.
Spill/Leak:
Notify safety personnel, evacuate area for large
ventilation. Cleanup personnel should protect against vapor
Use a noncombustible
absorbent material to pick up small spills or residues.
or disposal. Do not releas? to sewers or waterways due to health and fii
l9;9:0.).
Report large oil sidls.
Dls sal. Contact your supp er or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
esignations
RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33): Not listed
CERCLA Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 302.4): Not listed
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not listed
I OSHA Designations
Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000, Subpart Z): Not listed
,y..
................,.,.,..
.v.,...,.
..,..i,........
i......A..
.A..
.A..
:.:...: .. .:::::: ,(.C.‘..:.:.:.~:.:.:.:.~)~,.~~:.;.~.:.~,.~~:.:.~~~;.,.~;.~.:.~~:.:.~~.:...~:.;.~~.;.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.;.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:...:.~:.:.:.:.:.:.:...~
.A......,c,.
......,.........................,...................,.....,.,
_....
,.,....,.,...................,.,.....,...,...,.,.,..
ii~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
:.:.:
.......... ..... ..... .....f ..,,.,, .,.................................................................................. ,..
.... r........
_......
.....................................................,.,..,.....,.,.,.._.
__._. ._..,.,,....,....,.
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133).
Respirator:
Seek rofessional advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, use a NIOS If -approved respirator with mist filter and organic vapor cartridge. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning s ills,
reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA. Wamin ! Air-purifying
rfspirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atnwsp !L res.
Other: Wear nnpervious gloves, boots, aprons, and gaun d ets to prevent skm contact.
Ventilation:
Provide general and local explosion-proof
ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations that promote worker safety and
roductivity. Lucal exhaust ventilation is preferred since it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its sourceYo3)
showers, and washing facilities.
8 afety Stations: Make available in the work arca emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
Contaminated
Equipment:
Never wear contact lenses in the work area: soft lenses may absorb, and all lenses concentrate, irritants. Remove this
material from our shoes and equipment. Launder contaminated clothing before wearing.
Comments:
I? ever eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
~
....
ijj~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
‘:$.,,.:.l:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:::.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.,.:&?.~>
,.,.,.
:.;.:,
>:.c
wear gloves or use barrier cream.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101)
DOT Shipping Name: Fuel oil
DOT Hazard Class: Combustible
liquid
ID No.: NA1993
DOT Label: None
DOT Packaging
Exceptions:
173.118a
DOT Packaging
Requirements:
None
MSDS Cdfection References: 1,6,7,12,73,84,103,
126,131,132,133,136,143
Prermred bv: MJ Allison. BS; Industrial Hydene Review: DJ Wilson, CIH; Medical Review: W Silverman, MD; Edited by: JR Stu&, MS
Material Safety Data Sheets Collection:
Genium Publishing
ap
Corporation
1145 catalyn
sueet
Schenectady,
NY 12303-1836
(518) 377-8854
Sheet No. 311
Methyl Chloroform
USA
Issued: 11/75
Revision: F, 3/92
Methyl Chloroform
(GH&l,)
Description:
Derived by catalytic addition of hydrogen chloride to 1,1-dichlomethylene
or by
-fluxing
chlorine monoxide with carbon tetrachloride and chlomethane. Available in technical and solvent grades which
differ only in the amount of stabilizer added to prevent metal parts corrosion. Used as a solvent for oils, waxes, tars, cleaning
xecision instruments, and pesticides; as a component of inks and drain cleaners; in degreasing metals, and textile processing.
[n recent years, methyl chloroform has found widespread use as a substitute for carbon tetrachloride.
Dther Designations:
CAS No. 71-55-6, octrichlomethane;
Inhibisol; l,l,l-trichlomethane;
Stmbane.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult latest Chemical Week Buyers’ Guide(9 for a suppliers list.
Cautions: Methyl chlotiform
is a skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant and can become narcotic with an anesthetic effect at high
:oncentrations.
k Data on skin absorption via methyl chloroform is conflicting. (133)Somc studies show definite abscnption where others don’t.
Methyl chloroform, ca 92 to 97%*
1990 OSHA PELs
9-hr TWA: 350 ppm (1900 mg/m3)
15-min STEL: 450 ppm (2450 mg/m3)
Errata: 6/92
R
I
1
2
sK
2*
1
Genlum
1
2
1
-
Q
HMIS
1985-86 Toxicity Data?
Human, oral, TD,: 670 mg/kg produced diarrhea, nausea, and
vomiting
Human, inhalation, LC,: 27 g/m3/10 min; toxic effects not yet
1990 DFG (Germany) MAKs
1990 IDLH Level
reviewed
TWA: 200 ppm (1080 mg/m3)
1000 ppm
Man, eye: 450 ppmls br produced irritation
Half-life: 2 hr to shift length
Rat, inhalation, T&,: 2100 ppmt24 hr for 14 days prior to
1990 NIOSH REL
Peak Exposure Limit: 1000 ppm/30
mating and from 1 to 20 days of pregnancy produced specific
15-min Ceiling: 350 ppm (1900 mg/m3)
min (average value)/2 per shift
developmental abnormalities of the musculoskelatal
system
* Methyl chloroform usually contains inhibitors (3 to 8%) to prevent corrosion of aluminum and some other metals. Typical inhibitors are nitromethaue, butylene
oxide, secondary butyl alcohols, ketones, and glycol diesters.
t See NIOSH, RTECS (KJ2975000), for additional irritation, mutation, reproductive, and toxicity data.
Sebti~n~3.; l?~ysi~~ pa.+ : :
1991-92 ACGIH TLVs
TWA: 350 ppm (1910 mg/m3)
STEL: 450 ppm (2460 mg/m3)
:
Boiling Point: 165 “F (75 ‘C)
Freezing Point: -22 “F (-30 “C)
Vapor Pressure: 100 mm Hg at 68 “F (20 “C)
Vapor Density (air = 1): 4.55
Corrosivity:
Readily cormdes aluminum and its alloys
Refraction Index: 1.43765 at 69.8 “F (21 “C)
Viscosity: 0.858 CP at 68 ‘F (20 “C)
Appearance and Odor: Colorless liquid with a sweetish, chloroform-like
Section4.iEire:g~d~~!dsio~~plata::
..
Molecular
Weight: 133.42
Density: 1.3376 at 68/39.8 “F (20/4 “C)
Water SolubiIity:
Insoluble
Other Solubilities:
Soluble in acetone, alcohol, ether, benzene,
carbon tetrachloride, and carbon distide
% in Saturated Air: 16.7% at 77 “F (25 “C)
Relative Evaporation
Rate (butyl acetate = 1): 12.8
odor. The odor threshold is 44 ppm.
j.1
i.1
.::i:.!j;..:
...
.i::...
::
1 Lii:
.7% v/v
1 UEL: 16% ,qv
Flash Point: None (in conventionidc
testsj
1 kc&&ion
Temperature:
93; “F (5&.°Cj
Extinguishing
Media: Noncombustible
liquid whose vapor bums in the presence of excess oxygen or a strong ignition source. For small fues, use
dry chemical or carbon dioxide (CO,). For large fues use fog or regular foam. If these materials are unavailable, a water spray may be used but be
aware that water reacts slowly with methyl chloroform to release hydrochloric acid.
Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Vapors are heavier thau air and may travel to a strong ignition source and flash back. Air/vapor mixtures may
explode when heated. Container may explode in heat of fue. Exposure to open flames or arc welding can produce hydrogen chloride and phosgene.
Special Fire-fighting
Procedures: Methyl chloroform’s burning rate is 2.9 mm/min. Since fue may produce toxic thermal decomposition products,
wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressursdemand or positivepressure
mode. Structural firefighters’ protective clothing provides limited protection. Wear clothing specifically recommended by the manufacturer for use in fires involving methyl
chloroform. Apply cooling water to container sides until after fue is extinguished. Stay away from ends of tanks. Isolate area for l/2 mile if fire
involves tank. truck. or rail car. Be aware of runoff from fire control methods. Do not release to sewers or waterways.
Stability/Polymerization:
Methyl chloroform is stable at mom temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Hazardous polymerization
can occur in contact with aluminum trichloride.
Chemical Incompatibilities:
Methyl chloroform is incompatible with sodium hydroxide, nitrogen tetmxide, oxygen (liquid or gas), strong oxidizers,
and chemically active metals like aluminum, zinc, and magnesium powders; reacts violently with caustics to form dichloroacetylene;
reacts slowly
with water to form hydrochloric acid; forms shock sensitive mixtures with potassium; and polymerizes in contact with aluminum trichloride.
Conditions to Avoid: Exposure to moisture, strong ignition sources, and arc-welding units, and contact with incompatibles.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal oxidative decomposition (temperatures >500 ‘F, contact with hot metals, or under UV rays) of
methvl chloroform can nroduce carbon dioxide (CO,)/I and toxic dichlomacetylene,
hydrogen
chloride, and -phosgene
gases.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
i :..
j,i
;..
..
’
‘1
i:
: :i,::
;.~i~:“~:.~.:
..!:‘!:
j
1.:::
j
1.
:
Carcinogenicity:
The IARC (Class 3, inadequate evidence), (‘64) NTP,(‘42) and OSHA(‘64) do not list methyl chloroform as a carcinogen.
Summarv of Risks: Methvl chloroform is considered one of the least toxic of the liquid chlorinated hydrocarbons. It is irritating to eyes, skin,
and respLatory tract. Alth&gh low in systemic toxicity, methyl chloroform is an anesthetic capable of causing death at high co&ze&tions
(>15,000
ppm), generally in poorly ventilated, enclosed areas. Quick and complete recovery is observed after pmmpt removal of unconscious persons from
area of exposure. Lie many other solvents, methyl chloroform sensitizes the heart to epinephrine (blood pressureraising
hormone) and may induce
cardiac arrhythmias and arrest.
Medical Conditions
Aggravated by Long-Term
Exposure: None reported.
Target Organs: Skin, eyes, central nervous (CNS) and cardiovascular (CVS) systems.
Continue on next page
No.
311
Methyl Chloroform
6/92
Primary Entry Routes: Inhalation, skin contact. Acute Effects: Methyl chloroform defats the skin causing irritation, redness, dryness, and scaling.
Contact with eyes produces irritation and mild conjunctivitis.
Vapor inhalation can cause headache, dizziness, equilibrium
disturbances, and in high
concentrations may lead to CNS depression, unconsciousness, and coma. During a 60-min exposure period these effects are observed: 100 ppm is the
observed odor threshold, at 500 ppm there is obvious odor and decreased reaction time, 1000 ppm causes slight equilibrium
loss, at 5000 ppm there is
definite incoordination,
and 20,000 ppm produces surgical strength anesthesia with possible death. Mild liver and kidney dysfunction may occur after
CNS depression recovery. Although unlikely, if ingestion occurs, symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and possible esophageal burns. The
acute lethal human dose is -500 to 5000 mg/kg. Chronic Effects: None reported.
FIRST AID
Eyes: Gently lift eyelids and flush immediately
and continuously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical facility.
Do not allow victim to rub or keen eves tiahtlv shut. Consult a ohvsician immediately. Skin: @ickh remove contaminated clothinn. Rinse with
flooding amounts of water for at i&t 15 &in:Wash
exposed &&with
soap and water. For reddened or blistered skin, consult a ph&ician.
Inhalation:
Remove exposed person to fresh air and support breathing as needed. Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or
convulsing person. Contact a poison control center, and unless otherwise advised, have that conscious and alert person drink 1 to 2 glasses of water to
dilute. When deciding whether to induce vomiting, carefully consider amount ingested, time since ingestion, and availability of medical help. If large
amounts are recently ingested (absorption into the body is not yet likely to have occurred), and medical help or transportation to a medical facility is
not readily available, induce vomiting. Otherwise, vomiting is not recommended since aspiration of vomitus can produce chemical pneumomtis.
Note to Physicians: Do not use adrenaline or sympathomimetic
amines in treatment because of the increased cardiac sensitivity involved.
[email protected]~7.:Spin, Leak, and Disposal Procedures
:
SpilFLeak:
Immediately
notify safety personnel, isolate area, deny entry, and stay upwind. Shut off all ignition sources. If possible without risk, shut
off leak. Cleanup personnel should wear fully encapsulating vapor-protective clothing. For small spills, take up with earth, sand, vermiculite, or other
absorbent, noncombustible
material. Using nonsparking tools, place in suitable containers for disposal or reclamation. For large spills, dike far ahead
of liquid spill for later disposal or reclamation. Report any release in excess of 1000 lb. Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120).
Environmental
Transport:
In water, methyl chloroform’s half-life is hours to weeks depending on wind and mixing conditions. It is very persistent
in groundwater. On land it volatilizes due to its high vapor pressure and leaches extensively. When released to the atmosphere, methyl chloroform can
be transported long distances and returned to earth via rain. It is slowly degraded by reaction with hydroxyl radicals and has a half-life of 6 months to
25 years. The Natural Resources Defenses Council reported recently that methyl chloroform depletes ozone.
Fcotoxicity Values: Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow), LCse: 52.8 mglL196 hr; Poecilia reticuluta (guppy), LCs,+ 133 ppm/7 day.
Disposal: Contact your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
OSHA Designations
Listed as an Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-l-A)
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33): No. U226
Listed as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance* (40 CFR 302.4): Reportable Quantity
(RQ), 1000 lb (454 kg) [* per RCRA, Sec. 3001, CWA, Sec. 307(a), and CAA, Sec. 1121
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
Listed as a SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65)
Secgm8. .:!+eciii [email protected]
:: ; :
:~
: : :,
:
;
Go&es:
Wear splash-proof, protective chemical safety goggles or faceshields, per OSHA eye and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133).
Be&se contact iens use in industry is controversial, establish your own policy.
Respirator:
Seek professional advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary,
wear a MSHA/NIOSH-approved
respirator. Select respirator based on its suitability to provide adequate worker protection for given working
conditions, level of airborne contamination,
and presence of sufticient oxygen. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor
vessels, or storage tanks), wean an SCBA. Warning! Air-purijjvhg
respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient
atmospheres. If respirators
are used, OSHA requires a respiratory protection program that includes at least: training, fit-testing, periodic environmental monitoring, maintenance,
inspection, cleaning, and convenient, sanitary storage areas.
Other: Wear chemically protective gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact. Viton and butyl rubber [with
breakthrough times (BTs) of >8 hr and 4 to 7.9 hr, respectively] are recommended materials for protective gear. Do not use neoprene, polyvinyl
chloride (PVC), natural rubber, or polyethylene because these materials have a BT of <I hr.
Ventilation:
Provide general and local exhaust (in some cases, explosion-proof)
ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations below
OSHA PELs (Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred since it prevents contaminant dispersion into work area by controlling it at its source.(tcu)
Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
showers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated
Equipment:
Separate contaminated work clothes from street clothes. Launder contaminated work clothing before wearing. Remove
this material from.your shoes and clean personal protective equipment.
Comments:
Never eat, drii,
or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
Storage- Requirements:
Prevent physical
damage to containers. Store in cool, dry, well-ventilated (use pressure-vacuum ventilation) area away from
- ignition sources, arc-welding operations, and incompatibles (Sec. 5). Regularly monitor inhibitor levels.-Do not store in aluminum containers or use
pressure-spraying equipment when methyl chloroform is involved.
Engineering
Controls: To reduce potential health hazards, use sufficient dilution or local exhaust ventilation to control airborne contaminants and to
maintain concentrations at the lowest practical level. To prevent static sparks, electrically ground and bond all equipment used in methyl chloroform
manufacturing,
use, storage, transfer, and shipping.
Administrative
Controls: Consider preplacement and periodic medical exams of exposed workers that emphasize CNS. CVS, liver and skin.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101, .102)
IMO Shipping Name: l,l,l-Trichloroethane
DOT Shipping Name: l,l,l-Trichlotoethane
IMO Hazard Class: 6.1
DOT Hazard Class: ORM-A
ID No.: UN283 1
ID No.: UN2831
IMO Label: St. Andrews Cross
DOT Label: None
IMDG Packaging Group: III
DOT Packaging
Exceptions:
173.505
DOT Packaeine
Reouirements:
173.605
MSDSColkction
References:26,38,73,89,100,101,103,124,126,127,132,133,136,148,
153,159,162,163,164
64
Prepared by: M Gannon, BA; Industrial Hygiene Review: D Wilson, CIH; Medical Review: AC Darlington, MPH, MD; Edited by: JR Stuart, MS
Copyright81992byGedum~bUa~ngC~Uoa
Anycamocrdal
“r~rrpoduclloo~~~t~~b~~~s~~~~~~~d
J~dsnrotsyto(h:rdtlbilltyofi~lormtianhcrriofor(hepur-.p~s
COrporarial Uknds 00 warranties. maker M repesenlz”mn.
or fmanrvqueootsofiLr
use.
areoeassvily IhepuKhas& Icapmrlulrty. [email protected]
carehasbeenlake0IOthepcp=alioo ofsuchinramalial. oeniumPoWng
noresponsibility
as tothe accuracyorsuitatiMy
of suchinformation
for application
to thepur~h~~c’s inkndedpiqme
and uul”~
Material
Safety
Data
No. 677
Sheet
from Genium’s Reference Collection
Genium
Publishing
1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE
Corporation
1145 Catalyn Street
Schenectady,
NY
12303-1836
IC,0,1-F-loocc
Material
Name:
Issued: November 1988
USA
GENIUM
PUBLISHINQ
CORP.
1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE
lescription
(OriginKJses):
Used as a solvent primarily for cleaning and extraction procedures and as a chemical
rtermediate in the manufacture of trichloroethylene
and tetrachloroethylene;
and as an analytic reagent by textile
manufacturers in polymer characterization
tests.
)ther Designations:
Acetylene
Tetrachloride;
sym-Tetrachloroethane;
CHCl+ZHCJ;
danufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult the latest edition
luyers’ Guide (Genium ref. 73) for a list of suppliers.
CAS No. 0079-34-5
of the Chemicalweek
F
i
R 0
PPG*
*See sect. 8
.............................................
................
.................
.................
...................................
......................
R
I
s
.K
1
4
---
qpg
:.:.:. ..::::::
~
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane,
Genium
HMIS
:a 100
CAS No. 0079-34-5
‘This material can be absorbed through intact skin, which contributes to overall
:xposure.
C*See NIOSH, RTECS (KI8575ooO),
for additional data with references to
epmductive,
tumorigenic,
and irritative effects.
.;
Ia
OSHA PEL (Skin*)
8-Hr TWA: 1 ppm, 7 mg/m3
ACGIH TLV (Skin*), 1988-89
TLV-TWA:
1 ppm, 7 mg/m’
Toxicity Data**
Human, Oral, TD,_: 30 mg/kg
Human, Inhalation, TC,: loo0 mg/m3 (30 Mitts)
Rat, Oral, LD,: 800 mg/kg
I
~~l~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Molecular
Weight:
168 Grams/Mole
Solubility
in Water (%): Insoluble
Specific Gravity (HO = 1): 1.58658 at 77°F (25°C)
3oiling Point: 295°F (146°C)
Melting Point: -47°F (-44’C)
% Volatile by Volume:
Ca 100
vapor Pressure:
6 TOITS at 77°F (25X)*
Qppearance and Odor: A colorless, nonflammable,
heavy, mobile
becognition threshold is reported to be less than 3 ppm.
&At 77°F (25°C) the concentration
of 1,1,2.2-tetrachloroethane
liquid;
sweetish, suffocating,
in saturated air is approximately
characteristic
chloroform
odor. The odor
7900 ppm.
Extinguishing
Media:
*1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
does not burn. Use extinguishing
agents that will put out the surroundiig fue. Unusual
Fire or Explosion Hazards:
None reported. Special Plre-flghtlng
Procedures:
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with
a full facepiece operated in the pressure-demand or positive-pressure mode to protect against the effects of the nearby fue.
Stability/Polymerization:
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
is stable in closed containers during routine operations at room temperature.
Hazardous polymerization
cannot occur. Chemical Incompatibilities:
Hazardous reactions between 1,1,2,2-tetrachlomethane
and 2,4dinitrophenyl
disulfide, nitrogen tetroxide, chemically active metals such as potassium; and strong caustics such as potassium hydroxide,
sodium, sodium-potassium
alloy, hot iron, aluminum, and zinc in the presence of steam axe reported. Conditions
to Avoid: Prevent
exposure to the incompatible
chemicals listed above. Contact with water causes appreciable hydrolysis that will degrade and decompose this
liquid. Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal-oxidative
degradation of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
can produce highly toxic gases
such as carbon monoxide (CO) and oxides of chlorine (ClO.).
Carcinogenicity:
NIOSH lists 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
as a carcinogen.
Summary
of Risks
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
is absorbed through intact skin in significant amounts; one human fatality has been attributed to this mute of exposure. This liquid is considered to be one of the most toxic of the common chlorinated hydrocarbons, particularly
with respect to the liver. Severely acute exposure causes depression of the central nervous system (CNS), which can cause death within 12
hours. Medical Conditions
Aggravated
by Long-Term
Exposure:
None reported. Target Organs: Skin, eyes, respiratory system,
CNS, gastrointestinal
system, liver, and kidneys. Primary
Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption.
Acute Effectsz ‘Ihe initial symp
toms of exposure are lacrimation,
salivation, and irritation of the nose and throat; continued exposure can lead to nausea, vomiting, and
narcosis. Also, low blood pressure and cardiac rhythm abnormalities;
respiratory depression; nausea, vomiting, burns of the esophagus,
and diarrhea; and anesthesia with dizziness leading to loss of consciousness and coma; plus possible transient liver and kidney changes.
Chronic Effects: The two sets of manifestations
are (1) malaise, drowsiness, decreased appetite, then nausea and retching, a bad taste in
the throat, constipation, headache, pale stools, jaundice, and dark urine, as well as mental confusion, stupor, and coma; and (2) hand
1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE
No. 677
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
11/88
tremors, sensation of deafness, numbness in hands and feet, a decrease in reflexes, headache, and nausea. FIRST AID: Eyes. Immediately
flush eyes, including under the eyelids, gently but thoroughly with flooding amounts of running water for at least 15 minutes. Skin. Rinse
the affected areas with flooding amounts of water, then wash it with soap and water. Inhalation.
Remove the exposed person to fresh ati,
restore and/or support his or her breathing as needed. Have qualified medical personnel administer oxygen as required. Keep the exposed
P :rson warm and at rest until medical help is available. Ingestion. Unlikely. Should this type of exposure occur, give the exposed person 3
community)
for all
gl lasses of water to drink and induce vomiting, then repeat this procedure. Get medical help (in plant, paramedic,
el ~posures. Seek prompt medical assistance for further treatment, observation, and support after fit aid. Note to Physician:
Workers
(posed to this liquid should be evaluated with a full battery of tests for the liver, kidneys, and CNS systems, as well as the blood.
S:pill/Leak:
n :ly clothed
V ‘acuum the
01 r a licensed
Notify safety personnel, evacuate unnecessary personnel, and provide adequate ventilation. Cleanup personnel must be propand equipped to protect the skin and eyes against any contact with the liquid as well as inhalation of its vapor (see sect. 8).
spilled 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
and pump it into suitable containers for disposal. Waste Disposal: Contact your supplier
contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow Federal, state, and local regulations.
ISHA Designations
L isted as an Air Contaminant
(29 CFR 1910.1000 Subpart Z).
E:PA Designations
(40 CFR 302.4)
R.CRA Waste, No. U209
C !ERCLA Hazardous Substance, Reportable Quantity:
1 lb (0.454 kg), per the Clean Water Act (CWA),
C:onservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), 5 3001.
(3
5 307 (a); and the Resource
:.:..
3
c ioggles: Always wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles. Where splashing of this liquid is possible, wear a full face
Follow OSHA eye- and face-protection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133). Respirator:
Use a NIOSH-approved
respirator per
concentrations and/or the exposure limits cited in section 2. Follow OSHA respirator regulaCienium reference 88 for the maximum-use
ti Lens (29 CFR 1910.134). For emergency or nonroutine operations (spills or cleaning reactor vessels and storage tanks), wear an SCBA.
Air-purifying
respirators will not protect workers in oxygen-deficient
atmospheres. Other: Wear impervious gloves, boots,
\ Varning:
Install and operate general and local ventilation systems
a prons, gauntlets, etc., to prevent skin contact with this liquid. Ventilation:
Powerful enough to maintain airborne levels of this material below the OSHA PEL standard cited in section 2. Local exhaust ventilation
it at its source. Consult the latest
i! s preferred because it prevents dispersion of the contaminant into the general work area by eliminating
e dition of Genium reference 103 for detailed recommendations.
Safety Stations:
Make emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
available in work areas. Contaminated
Equipment:
Contact lenses pose a special hazard; soft lenses
S howers, and washing facilities
II nay absorb irritants, and all lenses concenkate them. Do not wear contact lenses in any work area. Remove contaminated clothing and
Practice good personal hygiene;
1:aunder it before wearing it again; clean this material from your shoes and equipment. Comments:
a.lways wash thoroughly after using this material and before eating, drinking, smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics. Keep it off
Yfour clothing and equipment. Avoid transferring it from your hands to your mouth while eating, drinking, or smoking. Do not eat, drink,
vapor.
a,r smoke in any work area. Do not inhale 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
SI hield.
~!)i~~~~~:~~~~~~~~~~~~:~:
r~~~~~~:~:~:~:~:~~;~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~:~~~~~
.i_.,_,...,.,._,.(:
.,.,.,:
,........_...........,...i.l.,,.
*_.......,.,,,,,.,_.............,,,..,..,...........................,.....,..,...........,...............................................
itorage/Segregation:
Store 1,1,2,2-tetrachlomethane
in closed, airtight containers in a cool, dry, well-ventilated
area away from incombatible chemicals (see sect. 5). Special Handling/Storage:
Provide storage areas with adequate ventilation to prevent concentrations of
he vapor from building up beyond the occupational exposure limits cited in section 2.
1rransportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101-2)
’
1)OT Shipping
Name: Tetrachloroethane
1IOT Hazard Class: ORM-A
1[D No. UN1702
1DOT Packaging Requirements:
49 CFR 173.620
49 CFR 173.505
1DOT Packaging Exceptions:
1[MO Shipping Name: 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
1[MO Hazard Class: 6.1
1LMO Label: Poison
I[MDG Packaging Group: II
1References:
1,38,84-94,1GO,ll6,117,12Q,
122.
Judgments es to the suitability of information herein for pwchasa’s purposes are
necessarily purchafer’s responsibility. Therefore, although reasonable cafe.has
Prepared by: PJ Igoe, BS
been taken in the preparation of such information. Genium publishing Corp.
entendsno warranties,makes no represenlationsand assums no responsibility
as to the accuracy or suitability of such information for application to
Industrial Hygiene Review: DJ Wilson, CIH
ourchaser’s intended tmrmxes or for con~uences of its use.
g
Medical Review: W Silverman, MD
Genium Publishing
Corporation
One Genium
Plaza
Schenectady,
NY 12304-4690
(518) 377-8854
ap
Material
Safety Data Sheets Collection:
p&ml.
317
USA
Issued: 8/79
Revision: E, 9/92
Errata: 2/94
.:..j :. 33
k&on 1. Material Identification :
.‘oluene (CJIsCHJ)
Description:
Derived from petroleum i.e., dehydrogenation of cycloparaffm fractions followed by the
romatixation of saturated aromatic
hydrocarbons or by fractional distillation of coal-tar light oil and purified by rectificaton. Used widely as a solvent (replacing benzene in many cases) for oils, resins, adhesives, natural rubber, coal tar, asphalt,
bitch, acetyl celluloses, cellulose paints and varnishes; a diluent for photogravure inks, raw material for organic synthesis
benroy & benzilidene chlorides, saccharine, TNT, toluene diisocyanate, and many dyestuffs), in aviation and high octane
utomobile gasoline, as a nonclinical thermometer liquid and suspension solution for navigational instruments.
Xher Designations:
CAS No. 108-88-3, Methacide, methylbenzene, methylbenzol, phenylmethane.
toluol, Tolu-sol.
rlanufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult latest Chemical Week Buyers’ Guide(“) for a suppliers list.
R
1
NFPA
I
3
S
2*
2 3 8
K3
_
* skill
49
absorption
HMIS
H
2-g:’
Zautiorw: Toluene is an eye, skin, and respiratory tract irritant becoming narcotic at high centrations. Liver and kidney damage
tas occurred. Pregnant women chronically exposed to toluene have shown teratogenic effects. Toluene is highly flammable.
ii
03
PPE-sec.
8
Section 2; Ingredients and Occupational Exposure Limits.
foluene, < 100%; may contain a small amount of benzene (- l%), xylene, and nonaromatic hydrocarbons.
1992-93 ACGIH TLV (Skin)
1991 OSHA PELs
1985-86 Toxicity Data?
TWA: 50 ppm (188 ms/m3)
$-hr TWA: 100 ppm (375 mg/m3)
Man, inhalation, TC Lo: 100 ppm caused hallucinations,
15min STEL: 150 ppm (560 mg/m3)
and changes in motor activity and changes in
1990 DFG (Germany) MAK*
psychophysiological
tests.
1990 IDLH Level
TWA: 100 ppm (380 mg/m3)
Human, oral, LD,: 50 mg/kg; toxic effects not
2000 ppm
Half-life: 2 hr to end of shift
yet reviewed
Category II: Substances with systemic effects
1990 NIOSH RELs
Human, eye: 300 ppm caused irritation.
Peak
Exposure
Limit:
500
ppm,
30
min
TWA: 100 ppm (375 mg/m3)
Rat, oral, LDS,: 5000 mg/kg
average value, 2/shiit
STEL: 150 ppm (560 mg/m3)
Rat, liver: 30 pmol/L caused DNA damage.
1 Available information suggests damage to the developing fetus is probable.
1See NIOSH, RTECS (XS5250000), for additional irritation, mutatioa, reproductive, and toxicity data.
Qic~on$physi~l&)a&
..:
:::...
‘.....
Boiling Point: 232 “F (110.6 “C)
Melting Point: - 139 “F (-95 “C)
Molecular Weight: 92.15
Density: 0.866 at 68 “F (2014 “C)
Surface Tension: 29 dyne/cm at 68 “F (20 “C)
Viscosity: 0.59 CP at 68 “F (20 “C)
Refraction Index: 1.4967 at 20 “C/D
Auuearance
..
and Odor:
Water Solubility:
Other Solubilities:
acid, petroleum
Vapor Pressure:
Saturated Vapor
Odor Threshold
Very slightly soluble, 0.6 mg/L at 68 “F (20 ‘C)
Soluble in acetone, alcohol, ether, benzene, chloroform, glacial acetic
ether, and carbon disultide.
22 mm Hg at 68 “F (20 “C); 36.7 mm Hg at 86 “F (30 “C)
Density (Air = 0.075 lb/@ or 1.2 kg/m?: 0.0797 lb/ft3 or 1.2755 kg/m3
(range of all referenced values): 0.021 to 69 ppm
Colorless liquid with a sickly sweet odor.
&~&&~4,‘:firea~d.Expl&~n&&::‘!.:::
i. ‘I..
I:,’ ‘,.,,.
:
;.
“‘.
;.I. ..
.:
j :’
1Autoignition
Temperature:
896 ‘F (480 “C)
( LEL: 1.27% v/v
) UEL: 7.0% v/v
Flash Pomt: 40 “F (4.4 “C) CC
Extinguishing
Media: Toluene is a Class 1B flammable liquid. To fight fue, use dry chemical carbon dioxide, or ‘alcohol-resistant’
foam. Water
spray may be ineffective as toluene floats on water and may actually spread fire. Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Concentrated vapors are
heavier than air and may travel to an ignition source and flash back. Container may explode in heat of fire. Toluenes’ burning rate = 5.7 mm/mm
and its flame speed = 37 cm/set. Vapor poses an explosion hazard indoors, outdoors, and in sewers. May accumulate static electricity. Special
Fire-fiihting
Procedures: Because fire may produce toxic thermal decomposition products, wear a self-contained [email protected] apparatus (SCBA)
with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or positivepressure
mode. Structural fuefighter’s protective clothing provides only limited
protection. Apply cooling water to sides of tanks until well after fire is out. Stay away from ends of tanks. For massive fue in cargo area, use
monitor nozzles or unmann ed hose holders; if impossible, withdraw from fire and let burn. Withdraw immediately if you hear a rising sound from
venting safety device or notice any tank discoloration due to fire because a BLEVE (boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion) may be imminent.
Do not release runoff from fue control methods to sewers or waterways.
[email protected]*
~~~~~Qr~&j
:: :.:I
.‘I
I:..
::j?j:;:;~“Lij:
jIiI
..j;;.;;.;::.:j
1,; “y
:I;.:
Stability/Polymerization:
Toluene is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. Hazardous
Strong oxidizers, concentrated nitric acid, nitric acid + sulfuric acid, dinitrogen tettoxide,
polymerization
can’t occur. Chemical Incompatibilities:
silver perchlorate, bromine trifluoride, tetranitromethane,
and 1,3-dichloro-5,5-dimethyl-2&imidaxolididione.
Conditions to Avoid: Contact with
heat, ignition sources, or incompatibles. Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal oxidative decomposition of toluene can produce carbon
soxide, and acrid, irritating smoke.
Section6.‘BealthHazardiT)ata-:
:I..:
:,;i;;:f.:.i;:
..;...
I ....I
,;;
‘i:i:
j.:::
Carcinogenicity:
The IARC,(164) NTP,(169) and OSHA(‘*)
do not list toluene as a carcinogen. Summary of Risks: Toluene is irritating to the eyes,
nose, and respiratory tract. Inhalation of high concentrations produces a narcotic effect sometimes leading to coma as well as liver and kidney
damage. 93% of inhaled toluene is retained in the body of which 80% is metabolized to benzoic acid, then to hippuric acid and excreted in urine.
The remainder is metabolized to u-cresol and excreted or exhaled unchanged. Toluene metabolism is inhibited by alcohol ingestion and is synergistic with benzene, asphalt fumes, or chlorinated hydrocarbons (i.e. perchloroethylene).
Toluene is readiiy absorbed through the skin at 14 to 23 mg/
cm2ihr. Toluene is absorbed quicker during exercise than at rest and appears to be retained longer in obese versus thin victims; presumably due to its
lipid solubiity. There is inconsistent data on toluene’s ability to damage bone marrow; chronic poisoning has resulted in anemia and leucopenia with
biopsy showing bone marrow hypoplasia. These reports are few and some authorities argue that the effects may have been due to benzene contaminants. Chronic inhalation during pregnancy has been associated with teratogenic effects on the fetus including micmcephaly. CNS dysfunction,
attentional deficits, developmental delay + language impairment, growth retardation, and physical defects including a small midface, short palpebral
fissures, with deepset eyes, low-set ears, flat nasal bridge with a small nose, micrognathia, and blunt fingertips. There is some evidence that toluene
causes an autoimmune illness in which the body produces antibodies that cause inflammation
of its own kidney.
Continue on next pa&
ose
ofrepcdnuioo
tilhcutchc
plh!iS~S
pemrission
lapmbltikd.
cc&gh163 1992 G2ldum
Putdlshiog
clbTcdo0.Anycolmmdal
I.“.
_IA,
I”IcA”I.”
/I,&
Section 6: Health Hazard
Data
:
Medical Conditions Aggravated by Long-Term
Exposure: Alcoholism and CNS, kidney, skin, or liver disease. Target Organs: CNS, liver,
kidney, skin. Primary Entry Route-s: Inhalation, skin contact/[email protected]
Acute Effects: Vapor inhalation causes respiratory tract irritation, fatigue,
w&ess,
confusion, dizziness, headache, dilated pupils, watering eyes, nervousness, insomnia, parasthesis, and vertigo progressing to narcotic coma.
De& may result from cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation
with catecholamines loss. Liquid splashed in the eye causes conjunctival irritation,
+nsient corneal damage and possible bums. Prolonged skin contact leads to drying and fissured dermatitis. Ingestion causes GI tract irritation and
lptoms associated with inhalation. Chronic Effects: Symptoms include mucous membrane irritation, headache, vertigo, nausea, appetite loss and
,ohol intolerance. Repeated heavy exposure may result in encephalopathies (cerebellar ataxia and cognitive dysfunction), liver enlargement, and
kidney dystrophy (wasting away). Symptoms usually appear at workdays end, worsen at weeks end and decrease or disappear over the weekend.
FIRST AID
Eyes: Do not allow victim to rub or keep eyes tightly shut. Gently lift eyelids and flush immediately and continuously with flooding
amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical facility. Consult an ophthalmologist
immediately.
Skin: Quickly remove contaminated
clothing. Rinse with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 min. Wash exposed area with soap and water. Inhalation:
Remove exposed person to
fresh air and support breathing as needed. Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsing person. Contact a poison control
center and unless otherwise advised, have that conscious and alert person drii
1 to 2 glasses of water to dilute. Do not induce vomiting because of
danger of aspiration into the lungs. Gastric lavage may be indicated if large amounts are swallowed; potential toxicity needs to be weighed against
aspiration risk when deciding for or against gastric lavage. Note to Physicians: Monitor cardiac function. If indicated, use epinephrine and other
catecholamines carefully, because of the Possibility of a lowered myocardial threshold to the arrhythmogenic effects of such substances. Obtain CBC,
electrolytes, and urinalysis. Monitor arterial blood gases. If toluene has > 0.02% (200 ppm) benzene, evaluate for potential benzene toxicity. BEI:
~~DDUJ~C acid in urine. sample at shift end (2.5 g/g creatinine); Toluene in venous blood, sample at shift end (1.0 mg/L).
I
Sk&on .7. Spill, L&k, and pisp&ai hocedures
Spill/Leak:
Notify safety personnel, isolate and ventilate area, deny entry, and stay upwind. Cleanup personnel protect against inhalation and skin/eye
contact. Use water spray to cool and disperse vapors but it may not prevent ignition in closed spaces. Cellosolve, hycar absorbent materials, and
fluorocarbon water can also be used for vapor suppression/containment.
Take up small spill with earth, sand, vermiculite, or other absorbent,
noncombustible
material. Dike far ahead of large spills for later reclamation or disposal. For water spills, (10 ppm or greater) apply activated carbon at
10X the spilled amount and remove trapped material with suction hoses or use mechanical dredges/lifts to remove immobilized
masses of pollutants
and precipitates. Toluene can undergo fluid&d
bed incineration at 842 to 1796 “F (450 to 980 “C), rotary kiln incineration at 1508 to 2912 “F (820 to
1600 “C), or liquid injection incineration at 1202 to 2912 “F (650 to 1600 “C). Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120). Ecotoxicity
Values: Blue gill, LCso = 17 mgfIJ24 hr. shrimp (Crangonfracis coron), LCW = 4.3 ppm/96 hr; fathead minnow (Pimphales
promelas), LCso = 36.2
m&/96
hr. Environmental
Degradation:
If released to land, toluene evaporates and undergoes microbial degradation. In water, toluene volatilizes
and biodegrades with a half-life of days to several weeks. ln air, toluene degrades by reaction with photochemically
produced hydroxyl radicals.
Disposal: Treat contaminated water by gravity separation of solids, followed by skimming of surface. Pass through dual media filtration and carbon
absorption units (carbon ratio 1 kg to 10 kg soluble material). Return waste water from backwash to gravity separator. Contact your supplier or a
licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
OSHA Designations
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33): No. U220
Listed
as an Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000, Table 2-l-A)
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355), TPQ: Not listed
Listed as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance* (40 CFR 302.4): Final Reportable Quantity (RQ), 1000 lb (454 kg)
-* per RCRA, Sec. 3001; CWA, Sec. 311 (b)(4); CWA, Sec. 307 (a)]
.ti as a SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65): Not listed
S&tjdg 8; [email protected]~t&ion
Data. j
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses with shatter-resistant glass and sideshields or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and faceprotection
regulations (29 CFR 1910.133). Because contact lens use in industry is controversial, establish your own policy. Respirator:
Seek professional
advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, wear a MSHA/NIOSHapproved respirator. For < 1000 ppm, use any chemical cartridge respirator with appropriate organic vapor cartridges, any supplied-air respirator
(SAR), or SCBA. For < 2000 ppm, use any SAR operated in continuous-flow mode, any SAR or SCBA with a full facepiece, or any air-purifying
respirator with a full facepiece having a chin-style, front or back mounted organic vapor canister. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning
spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks), wear an SCBA. Warning! Air-purifying
respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
If respirators are used, OSHA requires a written respiratory protection program that includes at least: medical certification, training, fit-testing,
periodic environmental monitoring,
maintenance, inspection, cleaning, and convenient, sanitary storage areas. Other: Wear chemically protective
gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent skin contact. Polyvinyl alcohol with a breakthrough time of > 8 hr, Teflon and Viton are recommended as suitable materials for PPE. Ventilation:
Provide general and local exhaust ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations below
the OSHA PELs (Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred because it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by controlling it at its
source.(lo3)Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
showers, and washing facilities.
Contaminated
Equipment:
Separate contaminated work clothes from street clothes and launder before reuse. Remove toluene from your shoes and
clean PPE. Comments:
Never eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating,
driing,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
$4ction’S):‘Special’~~~~t~ons
and~Coninit$iti~
; ; j
: :
Storage Requirements:
Prevent physical damage to containers. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from ignition sources and incompatibles. Outside or detached storage is preferred. If stored inside, use a standard flammable liquids warehouse, room, or cabinet. To prevent static
sparks, electrically ground and bond all equipment used with toluene. Do not use open lights in toluene areas. Install Class 1, Group D electrical
equipment. Check that toluene is free of or contains < 1% benzene before use. Engineering
Controls: To reduce potential health hazards, use
sufficient dilution or local exhaust ventilation to control airborne contaminants and to maintain concentrations at the lowest practical level. Adminlstrative Controls: Adopt controls for confmed spaces (29 CFR 1910.146) if entering areas of unknown toluene levels (holes, wells, storage tanks).
Consider preplacement and periodic medical exams of exposed workers that emphasize the CNS, liver, kidney, and skin. Include hemocytometric
and thrombocyte count in cases where benzene is a contaminant of toluene. Monitor air at regular intervals to ensure effective ventilation.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101)
Packaging
Authorizations
Quantity Limitations
Vessel Stowage Requirements
DC$ S&p$gzge;’
Toluene
a) ExceptIons: 150
a) Passenger Aircraft or Railcar: 5L
z’i
Sf”wage: B
:
b) Non-bulk Packagm
: 202
b) Cargo Aircraft Only: 60L
:
No.: UN1294
c) Bulk Packaging: 24 5
tiOT Packin
Group: II
DOT Label: tl ammable Liquid
Special Provisions (172.102): Tl
MSDS Collcerion References: 26,73,100, lo!, 103,124,126,127,132,140,148,153,159,143,164,167,169,171,174,175,
176,180.
Prepared by: M Gannon, BA, Industrial Hyeene Review: PA Roy, CIH, MPH; Mediad Renew: AC Darlington, MD, MPH
canmcrdPLure~rrproducUoo~ltbout(hcpabll~lprmluiookpmiti(sd
Jodgncotlutotbe~tClbllityofiof~doohaeiafor~be~~~~h~~hp~-~
cop&hlo1992byGeniumpubllshingcorpanEIoaAny
ncasdly
UE purcbasefs mpa~aibilUy. AUiwugJ~ reasmabk cvc haa btco taken in Ibc pcpantioo of rich 1nfanW-h
Cerdtun PobUtiLq Corpurlim
extcorb no wma~~lka. makes c-a xyascotatims.
rrs~bil,ty
as LOthe aawracyor sdlabUUy of such Inhmxaticm la application to thz purchaser’s Intended purpcse (x for mmeqwnces of ib use.
a~ UIIUUES no
Genium Publishing
Corporation
Sheet No. 312
Tmhloroethylene
One Genium Plaza
Schenectady, NY 123044690 USA
ap
(518) 377-8854
I.,,.
-II-_
7,79
_
_
_ ._
Kevision: I!, Y/92
-. . . -
I- S~rtion
1_ ----------Material.Identificatinn
-__-___
-~~~~~-~~---,_-r
Trichloroethylenc
e (C,HCl,)
Description:
Derived by treating tctrachlomethane
with lime or other alkali in the presence of
1water, or by thermal d&om$sition
if tetrachloroethhe
followed by steam distillation. Stabilizers such as epichl&ohydrin,
are then added. Used as a degreasing
iIsobutanol, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, benzene, or pentanol-2-triethanolamine
;olvent in electronics and dry cleaning, a chemical intermediate, a refrigerant and heat-exchange liquid, and a diluent in paint
md adhesives; in oil, fat, and wax extraction and in aerospace operations (flushing liquid oxygen). Formerly used as a
Fumigant (food) and anesthetic (replaced due to its hazardous decomposition in closed-circuit apparatus).
Other Designations:
CAS No. 79-01-6; acetylene trichloride; Algylen; Anamenth; Benzinol; Cecolene; Chlorylen; DowI’ri; ethylene trichloride; Germalgene; Narcogen; Triasol; trichloroethene; TCE, 1,1,3-trichlomethylene.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult latest Chemical Week Buyers’ Guide(73) for a suppliers list.
R
.39
1
NFPA
F
2
pRpE*O
t chronic
Effects
$SeC.B
Cautions: TCE is irritating and toxic to the central nervous system (CNS). Inhalation of high concentrations have lead to death due to
ventricular fibrillation.
Chronic exposure may lead to heart, liver, and kidney damage. The liquid is absorbed through the skin. Although
.t has a relatively low flash point, TCE bums with difficulty.
Section 2. Ingredients and Occupational. Exposure Limits
Trichloroethylene,
< 100% [contains stabilizers (Sec. l)].
1991 OSHA PELs
1992-93 ACGIH TLVs
TWA: 50 ppm (269 mg/m3)
B-hr TWA: 50 ppm (270 mg/m3)
15-min STEL: 200 ppm (1080 mg/m3)
STEL: 200 ppm (1070 mg/m3)
1990
1000
1990
IO&r
1990 DFG (Germany) MAK
Ceiling: 50 ppm (270 mg/m3)
Category II: Substances with systemic effects
Half-life: 2 hr to shift length
Peak Exposure Limit: 250 ppm, 30 min
average value; 2 peaks/shift
IDLH Level
ppm
NIOSH REL
TWA: 25 ppm (-135 mg/m3)
* See NIOSH, RTECS (KX4550000),
1985-86 Toxicity Data*
Human, inhalation, TCb: 160 ppm/83 min caused
hallucinations
and distorted perceptions.
Human, lymphocyte: 5 mL/L caused DNA inhibition.
Rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24 hr caused severe irritation.
Rabbit, eye: 20 mg/24 hr caused moderate irritation.
Mouse, oral, TD,: 455 mg/kg administered intemittently for 78 weeks produced liver tumors.
for additional irritation, mutation, reproductive, tumorigenic and toxicity data.
Se&ion 3. I [email protected] -Data
Boiling Point: 189 “F (87 “C)
Freezing Point: -121 “F (-85 “C)
Viscosity: 0.0055 Poise at 77 “F (25 “C)
Molecular
Weight: 131.38
Density: 1.4649 at 20/4 “C
Refraction Index: 1.477 at 68 “F (20 “CID)
Odor Threshold:
82 to 108 ppm (no? UR flective
Appearance
Sectioni!;
and Odor:
Vapor Pressure: 58 mm Hg at 68 “F (20 “C); 100 mm Hg at 32 “F (0 “C)
Saturated Vapor Density (Air = 0.075 lbslft3; 1.2 kg/m3): 0.0956 lbs/ft3; 1.53 kg/m3
Water Solubility:
Very slightly soluble; 0.1% at 77 “F (25 “C)
Other Solubilities:
Highly soluble in organic solvents (alcohol, acetone, ether, carbon
tetrachloride, & chloroform) and lipids.
Surface Tension: 29.3 dynelcm
warning)
Clear, colorless (sometimes
dyed blue), mobile
[email protected]~onI&Ha~
liquid with a sweet chloroform
: ij
’
‘.
odor.
:
10% (25
~toignition
Temper&e:
788 ‘F (420 ‘C)iLEL:
8% (25 ‘C); 12.5% (100 ‘c)(UEL:
Extinrmishine
Media: A Class 1C Flammable Liquid. Although it has a flash point of 90 ‘F. TCE burns with difficulty. For small fires. use drv
chemical, cad&n dioxide, water spray, or regular &am. For large fires. use wat& spray, fog, or regular foam. UnusuaiFire
or Explosion Haz&ls:
Vapor/air mixtures may explode when ignited. Container may explode in heat of fire. Special Fire-fllhting
Procedures: Because fre may produce
to& thermal decomposition
products, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or
positive-pressure mode. Structural fuefighters’ protective clothing provides only limited protection against TCE. Apply cooling water to sides of
container until welI after fire is out. Stay away from ends of tanks. Do not release runoff from fire control methods to sewers or waterways.
Section 5.’ [email protected]~Dita
’
:
Stability/Polymerization:
TCE slowly decomposes in the presence of light and moisture to form corrosive hydrochloric acid. Hazardous polymerization cannot occur. Chemical Incompatibilities:
Include alkalis (sodium hydroxide), chemically active metals (aluminum, beryllium, lithium,
magnesium, sodium, potassium, and titanium), epoxides, and oxidants (nitrogen tetraoxide; pcrchloric acid). Contact with 1-chloro-2,3-epoxy
pmpanc
or the mono and di 2,3-epoxypmpyl
ethers of l&butancdiol
+ 2,2-bis-4(2’.3’-epoxypropoxy)-phenylpropane
can, in the presence of catalytic
quantities of halide ions, cause dehydrochlorination
of TCE to explosive dichloroacetylene.
Conditions to Avoid: Exposure to light, moisture,
ignition sources, and incompatibles.
Hazardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal oxidative decomposition of TCE (above 300 “C) or exposure
to ultraviolet light can produce carbon dioxide (CO*) and toxic dichlom acetylene (explosive), chlorine, hydrogen chloride. and phosgene gas.
Section’6riEIealtfi~,~d:~~~:j.:-::j::i:....
:..
..:I..
‘:~;~:~i~:,i
:,,.
.:..
j.
.::
j
Carcinogenicity:
The following agencies have rated TCE’s [email protected]:
IARC (Class 3, limited animal evidence & insufficient human data),
Germany MAK (Class B, justifiably suspected of having carcinogenic potential), & NIOSH (Class X, carcinogen defined with no further categorson).
Summary of Risks: TCE vapor is irritating to the eyes, nose, and respiratory tract and inhalation of high concentrations can lead to severe
CNS effects such as unconsciousness, ventricular arrythmii,
and death due to cardiac arrest. Mild liver dysfunction was also seen at levels high
enough to produce CNS effects. Contact with the liquid is irritating to the skim and can lead to dermatitis by defatting the skin. Chronic toxicity is
observed in the victims increasing intolerance to alcohol characterized by ‘degreasers flush’, a transient redness of the face, trunk, and arms. The
euphoric effect of TCE has led to craving, and habitual sniffing of its vapors.
Continue on next page
;
Section 6. Wealth :Waiatd. [email protected] !&ngnued:
TCE crosses the placental barrier and thus exposes the fetus (any effects are yet unknown). There are increased reports of menstrual disorders in
women workers and decreased libido in males at exposures high enough to cause CNS effects. TCE is eliminated unchanged in expired air and as
metabolites (trichloroacetic
acid & trichloroethanol)
in blood and urine. Medical Conditions Aggravated by Long-Term
Exposure: Disorders of
-&e nervous system, skin, heart, liver, and kidney. Target Organs: Respiratory, central & peripheral nervous, and cardiovascular (heart) systems,
‘er, kidney, and skin. Primary Entry Routes: Inhalation, skin and eye contact, and ingestion (rarely). Acute Effects: Vapor inhalation can
ise eye, nose, and throat irritation, nausea, blurred vision, overexcitement,
headache, drunkenness, memory loss, irregular heartbeat (resulting in
sudden death), unconsciousness, and death due to cardiac failure. Skin contact with the liquid can cause dryness and cracking and prolonged
exposure (generally if the victim is unconscious) can cause blistering. Eye contact can cause irritation and watering, with comeal epithelium injury
in some cases. Ingestion of the liquid can cause lip, mouth, and gastrointestinal
irritation, irregular heartbeat, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea
(possibly blood-stained), drowsiness, and risk of pulmonary edema (fluid in lungs). Chronic Effects: Effects may persist for several weeks or
months after repeated exposure. Symptoms include giddiness, irritability,
headache, digestive disturbances, mental confusion, intolerance to alcohol
(degreasers flush), altered color perception, loss or impairment of sense of smell, double vision, and peripheral nervous system function impairment
including persistent neuritis, temporary loss of sense of touch, and paralysis of the fingers from direct contact with TCE liquid.
FIRST AID Eyes: Do not allow victim to rub or keep eyes tightly shut. Gently lift eyelids and flush immediately
and continuously with flooding
amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical facility. Consult a physician immediately.
Skin: Quickly remove contaminated
clothing. Rinse with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 min. Wash exposed area with soap and water. Inhalation:
Remove exposed person to
fresh air and support breathing as needed. Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsing person. Contact a poison
control center and unless otherwise advised, have that conscious and alerl person drink 1 to 2 glasses of water, then induce vomiting. Do not give
milk, as its fat content (TCE is lipid soluble) may inhance gasbointestinal absorption of TCE. Note to Physicians: TCE elimination seems to be
triphasic with half lives at 20 min, 3 hr, and 30 hr. Some success is seen in treating patients with propranolol, atmpine, and disulfiram. Monitor
urine and blood (lethal level = 3 to 110 pg/mL) metabolites. BEI = 100 mg/g creatinme (trichloroacetic acid) in urine, sample at end ofworkweek.
BEI = 4 mg/L (trichloroethanol)
in blood, sample at end ofshif at end ofthe workweek. These tests are not 100% accurate indicators of exposure;
monitor TCE in exnired air as a confiimatorv
test.
L
s
Sectidn 7. Spill, Leak,,aqd Disposal Procedures
Spill/Leak:
Immediately
notify safety personnel, isolate and ventilate area, deny entry, and stay upwind. Shut off all ignition sources. For small
spills, take up with ear&, sand, vermiculite, or other absorbent, noncombustible
material and p&a& in suitable contain& for later disposal. For large
spills, flush to containment area where density stratification will form a bottom TCE layer which can be pumped and containerized. Report any
release in excess of 1000 lbs. Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120). Ecotoxicity Values: Bluegill sunfish, LC, = 44,700 pg/JJ
% hr, fathead minnow (Pimephuies promelas), LC, = 40.7 mg/L/96 hr. Environmental
Degradation:
In air, TCE is photooxidiied
with a half-life
of 5 days and reported to form phosgene, dichlomacetyl
chloride, and formyl chloride. In water it evaporates rapidly in minutes to hours. TCE
rapidly evaporates and may leach since it does not absorb to sediment. Soil Absorption/Mobility:
TCE has a Log K, of 2, indicating high soil
mobility. Disposal: Waste TCE can be poured on dry sand and allowed to vaporize in isolated location, purified by distillation, or returned to
supplier. A potential candidate for rotary kiln incineration at 1508 to 2912 “F (820 to 1600 “C) with an acid scrubber to remove halo acids. Contact
your supplier or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
EPA Designations
OSHA Designations
n 4RA Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
Listed as an Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-l-A)
:ted as a SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65)
-Isted as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33 & 261.31): No. U228 & FO02 (spent solvent)
Listed as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance* (40 CFR 302.4): Final Reportable Quantity (RQ), 100 lb (45.4 kg) [* per RCRA. Sec. 3001, CWA Sec.
311 (b)(4), & CWA Sec. 307 (a)]
Goggles: Wear chemical safety goggles (cuptype or rubber framed, equipped with impact-resistant glass), per OSHA eye and face-protection
regulations (29 CFR 1910.133). Because contact lens use in industry is controversial, establish your own policy. Respirator:
Seek professional
advice prior to respirator selection and use. Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, wear a MSHAMIOSHapproved respirator. At any detectable concentration, wear a SCBA with a full facepiece operated in pressure demand or other positive pressure
mode. For emergency or nonmutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor vessels, or storage tanks), weaf an SCBA. Warning! [email protected]
respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres. If respirators are used, OSHA requires a respiratory protection program that includes
at least: medical cetication,
training, fit-testing, periodic environmental monitoring, maintenance, inspection, cleaning, and convenient, sanitary
storage areas. Other: Wear chemically protective gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets made from Viton or Neoprene to prevent skin contact. Do not
use natural rubber or polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Ventilation:
Provide general and local exhaust ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations below OSHA PELs (Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred because it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by contmlling it at its source.(lo3) Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
showers, and washing
facilities. Contaminated
Equipment:
Separate contaminated work clothes from street clothes and launder before reuse. Remove this material from
your shoes and clean personal protective equipment. Comments:
Never eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene
especially before eating, driing,
smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
Section 9.. Special Precatitions atid Comments
Storage Requirements:
Prevent physical damage to containers. Store in steel drums, in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from sunlight, heat,
igniti& sources, and incompatibles (Sec. 5). Store large quantities in galvanized iron, black iron, or steel containers; small amounts in dark (amber)
colored glass bottles. Engineering
Controls: To reduce potential health hazards, use sufficient dilution or local exhaust ventilation to control
airborne contaminants and to maintain concentrations at the lowest practical level. Design processes so that the operator is not directly exposed to
the solvent or its vapor. Do not use open electric heaters, high-temperature
processes, arc-welding or open flames in TCE atmospheres. Administrative Controls: Consider preplacement and periodic medical exams of exposed workers with emphasii on skin, respiratory, cardiac, central and
peripheral nervous systems, and liver and kidney function. Employ air and biological monitoring (BEIs). Instruct employees on safe handling of
TCE.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101)
Packaging Authorizations
uantity Limitations
-nOT Shipping Name: Trichloroethylene
a Exce boons: 173.153
a7 Passenger Aircraft or Railcar: 60L
IT Hazard Class: 6.1
b 3 Non- g ulkPackagin
: 173.203
b) Cargo Aircraft Only: 220L
J No.: UN1710
c) Bulk Packaging:
17 s .241
DOT Packin
Group: III
Vessel Stowage Requirements
DOT Label: keep Away From Food
a Vessel Stowage: A
DOT Special Provisions (172.102): N36, Tl
h \ Othrrr
Ail
-,
MSDS Collection References: 26.73,100,101,103,124,126,
Prepared by: M Gannon, BA; Industrial Hygiene Review:
v--m.
.-
127,132,133,136,139,140,148,149,153,
159,163,164,167,168.171,174,175,
D Wilson, CIH; Medled Review: AC Darlington. MD
176,180.
Material
Genium Publishing
One Genium
Corporation
Sheet No. 318
Xylene (Mixed Isomers)
Plaza
Schenectady,NY 12304-4690 USA
6
p
S&ix~~.
Safety Data Sheets Collection:
(518) 377-8854
Issued: 1l/80
Revision: E, 9/92 Err=:
45
Xylene (Mixed Isomers) (C&J
Description:
The commercial product is a blend of the three isomers [ortho-(o-), met&z), para-(
with the largest proportion being m- xylene. Xylene is obtained from coal tar, toluene by transalkylation,
and
pseudocumene. Used in the manufacture of dyes, resins, paints, varnishes, and other organics; as a general solvent for
adhesives, a cleaning agent in microscope technique; as a solvent for Canada balsam microscopy; as a fuel component; in
aviation gasoline, protectrve coatmgs, sterilizing catgut, hydrogen peroxide, perfumes, insect repellants, pharmaceuticals, and
the leather industry; in the production of phthalic anhydride, isophthalic, and terephthalic acids and their dimethyl esters
which are used in the manufacture of polyester fibers; and as an indirect food additive as a component of adhesives. Around
the home, xylene is found as vehicles in paints, paint removers, degreasing cleaners, lacquers, glues and cements and as
solvent/vehicles for pesticides.
Other Designations:
CAS NO. 1330-20-7 [95-47-6; 108-38-3; 106-42-3 (o-, m-, p-isomers)], dimethylbenzene,
methyltoluene,
NCIC55232,
Violet 3, xylol.
Manufacturer:
Contact your supplier or distributor. Consult latest Chemical Week Buyers‘ G~id$~) for a suppliers list.
Cautions:
Iag4
Material Identification ,:
Xylene is an eye, skin, and mucous membrane
irritant
and may be narcotic in high concentrations.
R
IS
1
i
K3
NFPA
3
2o
49
YZ+
It is a dangerous fie hazard.
ii
;
PPE $
t chronic
Effect.3
* sec. *
Section 2. [email protected]#sand Occupational Exposure Limits
Xylene (mixed isomers): the commercial product generally contains - 40% m-xylene;
quantities of toluene. Unpurified xylene may contain pseudocumene.
1992-93 ACGIH
TWA: 100 ppm
STEL: 150 ppm
BEI (Biological
acids in urine
1991 OSHA PELs
8&r TWA: 100 ppm (435 mg/m3)
15-min STEL: 150 ppm (655 mg/m3)
1990 IDLH
1000 ppm
Level
20% each of o-xylene, p-xylene,
TLVs
(434 mg/m?
(651 mg/m )
Exposure Index): Methylhippuric
at end of shift: 1.5 g/g creatinme
and small
1985-86 Toxicity Data*
Human, inhalation, TC,: 200 ppm produced
olfaction effects, conjunctiva imitation, and other
changes involving the lungs, thorax, or respiration.
Man, inhalation, LC,: 10000 ppm/6 hr, toxic
effects not yet reviewed.
Human, oral, LD,: 50 mg/kg; no toxic effect noted.
Rat, oral, LDsu: 4300 mg&g; toxic effect not yet
reviewed.
Rat, inhalation, Lf& 5000 ppml4 hr; toxic effects
not yet reviewed.
1990 DFG (Germany) MAK
TWA: 100 ppm (440 mg/m3)
Category II: Substances with systemic effects
Half-life: < 2 hr
Peak Exposure: 200 ppm, 30 mm, average value,
4 peaks per shift
1990 NIOSH RELs
TWA: 100 ppm (435 mg/m?
STEL: 150 ppm (655 mg/m )
and ethylbenzene;
I * See NIOSH. RTECS IxE11WOOO~. for additional toxicitv data.
.’
Section -3. [email protected]l D&a :
Boiling Point Range: 279 to 284 ‘F (137 to 140 “C)*
Boiling Point: or&o: 291 “F (144 ‘C); mema: 281.8 ‘F (138.8 ‘C);
para: 28 1.3 ‘F (138.5 ‘C)
Freezing Point/Melting
Point: ollho: -13 “F (-25 ‘C);
mm: -53.3 ‘F (- 47.4 ‘C); pm: 55 to 57 ‘F (13 to 14 “C)
Vapor Pressure: 6.72 mm Hg at 70 ‘F (21 ‘C)
1.23 kg/m? 0.077 lbs/ft3
Saturated Vapor Density (Air = 1.2 kg/d:
Appearance
and Odor: Clear, sweet-smelling liquid.
* Materials with wider and narrower boilina ranges are commerciallv
-
&&on4.
fire
aficlE~pl&&~?$$$
”
.
Molecular
Weight: 106.16
Specific Gravity: 0.864 at 20 “Cl4 ‘C
Water Solubility:
Practically insoluble
Other Solubilities:
Miscible with absolute alcohol, ether, and
many other organic liquids.
OctanoFWater
Partition Coefficient: IogKow = 3.12-3.20
Odor Threshold:
1 ppm
Viscosity: ~32.6 SUS
available.
::.. ! ; : ; F ; :
:
:I
..
:
;:
Flash Point: 63 to 77 “F (17 to 25 ‘C) CC /Auto&&on
Temperature:
982 “F (527 “C).(m-) ILEL: 1 .l (m-, p-j;.09 (o-) I&L:
7.0 (m-, p); 6.7 (o-)
Extinguishing
Media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide (CO,>, water spray or regular foam. For large f&, use water spmy,
or
regular foam. Water may be ineffective. Use water
spray to cool fireexposed containers. Unusual Fire or Explosion Hazards: Xvlcnc vapors or
liquid (which floats on water) may travel to an ignition source and flash back. The heat of fiie may cause containers to explode and/or produce
irritating or poisonous decomposition
products. Xylene may present a vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors, or in sewers. Accumulated static
electricity may occur from vapor or liquid flow sufficient to cause ignition. Special Fire-fighting
Procedurcs: Because fire may produce toxic
thermal decomposition products, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or positivepressure mode. Structural firefighter’s protective clothing will provide limited protection. lf feasible and without risk, move containers from fire area.
Otherwise, cool fire-exposed containers until well after fire is extinguished. Stay clear of tank ends. Use u nmanned hose holder or monitor nozzles for
massive cargo fires. If impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. Withdraw immediately in case of any tank discoloration or rising sound from
venting safetv device. Do not release runoff from fire control methods to sewers or waterwavs.
,
fog
tiin 5. Reactivity D&a
Stability/Polymerization:
Xylene is stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal star aee and ~~
handline
~~~~~~~cI
conditions.
..___._. ___
Harrardous
polymerization
cannot occur. Xylene is easily chlorinated, sulfonated, or nitmtcd. Chemical Incompati&ities:
Incompatibilities
include Istmne
acids and oxidizers and 1,3-dichloro-5,5-dimethyl-2+imidazolidindione
(dichlorohydrantoin).
Xylene attacks some forms of plastics, rubber, &id
coatings. Conditions
to Avoid: Avoid heat and ignition sources and incompatibles.
Haxardous Products of Decomposition:
Thermal oxidative
1 decomposition
of xylene can produce carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and various hydrocarbon products.
se&g
&*‘JL.&.&&&~&~$j
; ; .j ; ;.;:.i.:;.:;
.I :
::j i i j; -
: :-: j .,;
:
:: ; j
j ;;:j
Carcinogenicity:
The IARC,(‘64) NTP/‘@‘) and OSHA(164) d 0 not lit xylene as a carcinogen. Summarv of Risks: Xvlene is an eve. mucous
membrane, andrespiratory
tract irritant. Irritation starts at 200 ppm; severe breathing difficulties which may be delayed in onset &r occur at high
concentrations. It is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant and at high concentrations can cause coma. Kidney and liver damage can occur with
xylene exposure. With prolonged or repeated cutaneous exposure, xylene produces a defatting dermatitis. Chronic toxicity is not well defined, but it
is less toxic than benzene. Prior to the 195os, benzene was often found as a contaminant of xylene and the effects attributed to xylene such as blood
dyscrasias are questionable. Since the late 195Os, xylene~ have been virtually benzenefree and blood dyscrasias have not been associated with
xylenes. Chronic exposure to high concentrations of xylene in animal studies have demonstrated mild reversible decrease in red and white cell
counts as well as increases in platelet counts.
Continue on neli DO*,
Menstnial irref&rity
was reported in association with workplace exposure to xylene perhaps due to effects on liver metabolism. Xylene crosses the
human place&, but hoes not-appear to be teratogenic under conditions tested to date.-Medical
Conditions Aggravated by Long-Term
Exposure: CNS, respiratory, eye, skin, gastrointestinal
(Gr) , liver and kidney disorders. Target Organs: CNS, eyes, GI tract, liver, kidneys, and skin.
Primary Entry Routes: Inhalation, skin absorption (slight), eye contact, ingestion. Acute Effects: Inhalation of high xylene concentrations may
se dizziness; nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain; eye, nose, and throat irritation; respiratory tract irritation leading to pulmonary edema (fluid
mg); drowsiness; and unconsciousness. Direct eye contact can result in conjunctivitis
and comeal burns. Ingestion may cause a burning sensauon in the oropharynx and stomach and transient CNS depression. Chronic Effects: Repeated or prolonged skin contact may cause drying and
defatting of the skin leading to dermatitis. Repeated eye exposure to high vapor concentrations may cause reversible eye damage, peripheral and
central neumpathy, and liver damage. Other symptoms of chronic exposure include headache, fatigue, irritability,
chronic bronchitis, and GI
disturbances such as nausea, loss of appetite, and gas.
FIRST AID Emergency personnel should protect against exposure. Eyes: Do not allow victim to rub or keep eyes tightly shut. Gently lift eyelids
and flush immediately
and continuously with flooding amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical facility. Consult a physician
immediately.
Skin: Quickly remove contaminated clothing. Rinse with flooding amounts of water for at least 15 min. Wash exposed area with soap
and water. For reddened or blistered skin, consult a physician. Carefully dispose of contaminated clothing as it may pose a fiie hazard.Inhalation:
Remove exposed person to fresh air and support breathing as needed. Monitor exposed person for respiratory distress. Ingestion: Never give
anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsing person. Contact a poison control center and unless otherwise advised, do not induce vomiting! If
spontaneous vomiting should occur, keep exposed person’s head below the hips to prevent aspiration (breathing liquid xylene into the lungs).
Aspiration of a few millimeters
of xylene can cause chemical pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and hemorrhage.
Note to Physicians: Hippuric acid
or the ether glucuronide of orrho-toluic acid may be useful in diagnosis of metu-, para- and o&o-xylene
exposure, respectively. Consider gastric
lavage if a large quantity of xylene was ingested. Proceed gastric lavage with protection of the airway from aspiration; consider endotracheal
intubation with inflated cuff.
I
Section 7. Spill, Leak, and Disposal Procedures
Spill/Leak:
Notify safety personnel, evacuate all unnecessary personnel, remove all heat and ignition sources, and ventilate spill area. Cleanup
personnel should protect against vapor inhalation and skin or eye contact. If feasible and without undue risk, stop leak. Use appropriate foam to
blanket release and suppress vapors. Water spray may reduce vapor, but does not prevent ignition in closed spaces. For small spills, absorb on paper
and evaporate in appropriate exhaust hood or absorb with sand or some non-combustible
absorbent and place in containers for later disposal. For
large spills dike far ahead of liquid to contain. Do not allow xylene to enter a confined space such as sewers or drains. On land, dike to contain or
divert to impermeable holding area Apply water spray to control flammable vapor and remove material with pumps or vacuum equipment. On
water, contain material with natural barriers, booms, or weirs; apply universal gelling agent; and use suction hoses to remove spilled material.
Report any release in excess of 1000 lb. Follow applicable OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120). Environmental
Transport:
Little bioconcentration is expected. Biological oxygen demand 5 (after 5 days at 20 ‘C): 0.64 (no stated isomer). Ecotoxicity values: LD,,, Goldfish, 13 mg/L/24 hr,
conditions of bioassay not specified, no specific isomer. Environmental
Degradation:
In the atmosphere, xylenes degrade by reacting with
photochemically
produced hydroxyl radicals with a half-life ranging from l-l .7 hr. in the summer to 10-18 hr in winter or a typical loss of 67-86%
Per day. Xylenes are resistant to hydrolysis. Soil Absorption/Mobility:
Xylenes have low to moderate adsorption to soil and when spilled on land,
will volatilize and leach into groundwater. Disposal: As a hydrocarbon, xylene is a good candidate for controlled incineration. Contact your supplier
or a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.
Follow applicable Federal, state, and local regulations.
OSHA Designations
EPA Designations.
?A Extremely Hazardous Substance (40 CFR 355): Not listed
Listed as an Air Contaminant (29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-l-A)
XXI as a SARA Toxic Chemical (40 CFR 372.65)
Listed as a RCRA Hazardous Waste (40 CFR 261.33): No. U239, FO03 (spent solvent)
Listed as a CERCLA Hazardous Substance* (40 CFR 302.4): Final Reportable Quantity (RQ), loo0 lb (454 kg) [* per Clean Water Act,
Sec. 311(b)(4); per RCRA, Sec. 30011
Section 8. Special. Protection Data
Goggles: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, per OSHA eye- and face-pmtection regulations (29 CFR 1910.133). Because
contact lens use in industry is controversial, establish your own policy. Respirator:
Seek professional advice prior to respirator selection and use.
Follow OSHA respirator regulations (29 CFR 1910.134) and, if necessary, wear a MSHA/NIOSH-approved
respirator. For concentrations >lOOO
ppm, use any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridges; any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridges; any
supplied-air respirator; or any self-contained breathing apparatus. For emergency or nonroutine operations (cleaning spills, reactor vessels, or
storage tanks), wear an SCBA.Waming!
Air-purtfying
respirators do notprotect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres. Other: Wear chemically protective gloves, boots, aprons, and gauntlets to prevent all skin contact. With breakthrough times > 8 hr, consider Polyvinyl alcohol and
fluorocarbon rubber (Viton) as materials for PPE. Ventilation:
Provide general and local exhaust ventilation systems to maintain airborne concentrations below the OSHA PELs (Sec. 2). Local exhaust ventilation is preferred because it prevents contaminant dispersion into the work area by
controlling it at its source.
Safety Stations: Make available in the work area emergency eyewash stations, safety/quick-drench
showers, and
washing facilities. Contaminated
Equipment:
Separate contaminated work clothes from street clothes. Launder contaminated work clothing
before wearing. Remove this material from your shoes and clean PPE. Comments:
Never eat, drink, or smoke in work areas. Practice good personal hygiene after using this material, especially before eating, drinking, smoking, using the toilet, or applying cosmetics.
Section 9. Special -Precautions and Comments
Storage Requirements:
Store in clearly labelled, tightly closed, containers in a cool, well-ventilated place, away from strong oxidizing materials
and heat and ignition sources. During transferring operations, electrically ground and bond metal containers. Engineering
Controls: To reduce
potential health hazards, use sufficient dilution or local exhaust ventilation to control airborne contaminants and to maintain concentrations at the
lowest practical level. Use hermetically sealed equipment, transfer xylene in enclosed systems, avoid processes associated with open evaporating
surfaces, and provide sources of gas release with enclosures and local exhaust ventilation. Use Class I, Group D electrical equipment. Administrative Controls: Establish air and biological monitoring programs and evaluate regularly. Consider preplacement and periodic medical examinations
including a complete blood count, a routine urinalysis, and liver function tests. Consider hematologic studies if there is any significant contamination
of the solvent with benzene. If feasible, consider the replacement of xylene by less toxic solvents such as petrol (motor fuel) or white spirit, Before
carrying out maintenance and repair work, steam and flush all equipment to remove any xylene residues.
Transportation
Data (49 CFR 172.101)
DOT Shipping Name: Xylenes
Quantity Limitations
Packaging Authorizations
Vessel Stowage R uirements
DOT Hazard Class: 3
a) Passenger, Aircraft, or Railcar: 5L
a) Vessel Stowage: 74
a) Exceptions: 173.150
‘40.:
b) Cargo Aircraft Only: 60L
b) Other: b) Nonbulk Packaging : 173.202
-- UN1307
__
-c) Bulk Packaging: 173.242
MSDS Collection References: 26.73, 89, 100, 101,103, 124, 126, 127,132,133, 136, 139, 140, 148,149, 153, 159, 163, 164, 167,171, 174, 176, 180.
Preonred bv: MJ Wuah. BS: Industrial Hwiene Review: PA Rov. MPH. CIH: Medical Review: W Silverman. MD
GEOPROBE
ATTACHMENT
C
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
OCT-24-1996
3.0
10: 51.
FROM
0 3.9 II 3
TO
92692002
P.02
SAFETY lNSTRUCTlONS
Operator safety is a chief considerationin the design and testing of all Geoprobemachines. While
dcliberatc measureshave been t&en to remove the possibility of operator injury, cart should be.
exercisedwheneverworking with our machines.This sectionlists someimportantsafetycautions.
IMPORTANT:
Read all Safety Precqutionr befofe attempting to operate any Geoprobe Soil
Probing Machine.
IMPORTANT:
Untrafned personnel should operate Geoprohe machines only wten aeofsted by a
qualified Instructor.
IMPORTANT:
The locatf~n of buried or underground
starting to d&I or probe.
utflftfes and sewkeg must he known before
:
3.1
Operatorsshouldwear OSHA-approvedstee!-toedshoesandkeepfeet clear of probefhat.
3.2
Operators should wear OSHA-approvedsafety glassesat all times during the operation of this,
machine.
3.3
Operators must wear hearing protection. OSHA-approvedhearing protection for sound ievcls.
exceeding85 dbaisrecommended.
3.4
Only one person should operatea Geoprobe;machineat onetime. This ensuresthat one person *
will not accidentallyengage’themachinecontrols while anotherperson’shands,fingers, or other
appendagesare on or aroundany moving pd.
3.5
Never placehandson top of proberod whiJe:therod is underprobing machine,
3.6
Turn off the hydraulic system at the control panel while changing probe rods, inserting tbhk
hammer anvil, or attachingany accessories.
3.7
Never exert downwardpressureon the probe rod so as to lift the probe faot over six inchesoff
the ground (two incheswith the 4220).
.
3.8
Always take the Geoprobecarrier vehicle out of gearand set emergencybrake before engaging
remote ignition.
3.9
Always extend the probe unit out from the tiehicle and deploy the foot to clear the vchiclc roof
;
line before folding the probeunit out,
3.10
Operators must stand to the control side of the probe machine, clear of the probe foot and
derrick, while operatingcontrols.
3.11
Never ace down pressureon the proberod’io as to lift the reartires Of the carrier vehicle off th$
ground.
GsoprobeOwner’s Manual
3-1
SafetyInstructlone
----~-
OCT-24-1996
10:52
~. FROM _~
.
~_
_
IKmm
_
92692002
P.-O3
3.12
The vehicle catalytic converter is hot and Gay present a fire hazard when operating over dry
grass or combustibles.
3.13
Shut down fie hydraulic w&m
equipment.
3.14
Accidental engagement of this machine may puse injury.
3.15
Use caution when carrier vehicle is parked 09 a loose or soft surface. DO not apply enough force.
to the probe foot to lighten the,load on the carrier vehicle suspension. Reduced weight on the.
vchiclc tires may allow the vehicle l;o shift o&lide.on the loose surface.
3.16
Do not wear loose clothing while operating this machine. Severe injury will result if clothing.
becomes entangled in moving parts.
3.17
Avoid hydraulic fluid leaks. Pressurized fluid may bc injcctcd into the skin resulting in serious
bodily injury, In the event of an accident seek medical attention immediately.
3.18
In the event of a problem, the operator should release all control levers. The spring-loaded,
levers will automatically return to the neutral: position and machine operation will cea.se.
3.19
Gcoprobc machines are equipped with a remote starting system. Ensure that everyone is clear of
all moving parts before startingthc engine. :
3.20
Do not make modifications or add attachments to this machine Mich
Geoprobe Systems.
Geoprobe Own&s Manual
and stop the vehicle before attempting to clean or scrvicc the
3-2
are not approved by’
Safety
lnstfuctions
TilTOl
P. CI~
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement