9300 065 C 6 03
Owner’s Manual
Model 9300
Vehicular Slide Gate Operator
DoorKing, Inc.
120 Glasgow Avenue
Inglewood, California 90301
U.S.A.
Phone: 310-645-0023
Fax: 310-641-1586
www.doorking.com
P/N 9300-065 Rev C 6/03
Copyright 2001 DoorKing, Inc. All rights reserved.
2
Use this manual with the following models only.
All 9300 models with circuit board 4402-010.
NOTE: Models 9300-081, 9300-083, 9300-085, 9300-087, 9300-089, 9300-091, 9300-093 and
9300-095 will have a supplemental manual (P/N 2340-065) that describes the operation and setup
of the optional battery backup system available with this unit, and provides additional wiring
information for this unit.
DoorKing, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in the products described in this manual
without notice and without obligation of DoorKing, Inc. to notify any persons of any such revisions
or changes. Additionally, DoorKing, Inc. makes no representations or warranties with respect to
this manual. This manual is copyrighted, all rights reserved. No portion of this manual may be
copied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium without prior written consent
from DoorKing, Inc.
3
QUICK START
1
Mount operator to pad using 3/8 or 1/2 sleeve anchors.
See page 14-15.
2
Attach chain. Adjust chain to allow approximately 1-inch of sag per 10-feet of gate width.
Be sure to remove the pin from the breather plug.
See page 16-17.
3
Connect supply voltage as described in section 2.1 on page 22. Be sure power is OFF!
See page 22.
4
Connect control wiring as shown. All devices that open the gate connect to terminals 1
(common) and terminal 5 (full open). 24 VAC Radio Power is available at terminal 14.
See page 23.
5
Connect secondary entrapment prevention devices.
See page 24-25.
6
Connect in-ground loop wires to REVERSE and EXIT loop detectors as required.
See page 26.
7
Set close timer ON or OFF (SW-1, switch 2) as required. If gate system does not utilize inground loop system or photo-cells, timer must be OFF.
See page 34-35.
8
Push gate to open position. Adjust OPEN limit nut to activate open limit switch. Push gate
closed. Adjust CLOSE limit nut to activate close limit switch.
See page 36.
9
Turn power ON. Give gate an open command. If gate runs towards CLOSE position, turn
power off. Change setting of direction switch (SW-1, switch 1) and then turn power ON.
Give gate an open command. Adjust limit nuts as necessary.
See page 36.
10
Adjust both open and close inherent reverse sensitivity. NOTE: Operator will assume a
"soft shutdown" during sensitivity adjustments. This will require operator open input to be
activated to resume normal operation.
See page 37.
4
1 Open Cycle Photocell
ON
Secondary
Entrapment
Protection
Devices
TIMER
1
2
1 DIRECTION
2 TIMER
2 Close Cycle Photocell
3 Open Cycle Contact Sensor
4 Close Cycle Contact Sensor
3
5 Common
6 Common
TERM 1
OPENING
DEVICES
9406
TERM 5
Fire
Dept
TERM 14
9406
CAUTION
15-20 HIGH VOLTAGE!
RF RECEIVERS
RLY COM
RLY N.O.
24 V COM
24 V PWR
4-WIRE
COM
RLY
24 V PWR
3-WIRE
REVERSE LOOP
CLOSE
OPEN
SENSITIVITY
EXIT LOOP
5
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Important Notices......................................................................................................................................................8
Important Safety Instructions ....................................................................................................................................9
Restrictions and Warnings........................................................................................................................................10
Entrapment Prevention .............................................................................................................................................10
Glossary ..................................................................................................................................................................12
Section 1 – Installation
1.1
Specifications ...........................................................................................................................................13
1.2
Concrete Pad............................................................................................................................................14
1.3
Operator Installation .................................................................................................................................15
1.4
Chain Installation ......................................................................................................................................16
1.5
Front Mount Installation ............................................................................................................................17
1.6
Rear Mount Installation.............................................................................................................................18
1.7
Warning Sign Installation..........................................................................................................................19
Section 2 – Wiring
Conduits ...................................................................................................................................................21
2.1
High Voltage Connections ........................................................................................................................22
2.2
Control Wiring...........................................................................................................................................23
2.3
Secondary Entrapment Protection Device Wiring
2.3.1
Non-Contact Sensors ...............................................................................................................24
2.3.2
Contact Sensors.......................................................................................................................25
2.4
Loop Detector Wiring................................................................................................................................26
2.5
Gate Tracker™ Connections ....................................................................................................................27
2.6
2.7
2.8
Auxiliary Devices
2.6.1
Alarm Reset Switch ..................................................................................................................28
2.6.2
Auxiliary Stop Switch................................................................................................................28
Master / Slave Wiring
2.7.1
Operator Interface ....................................................................................................................29
2.7.2
Secondary Entrapment Protection Device Wiring ....................................................................30
Terminal Identification and Description
2.8.1
Main Terminals.........................................................................................................................31
2.8.2
Limit Switch Connector.............................................................................................................32
2.8.3
Reversing Device Connector....................................................................................................32
Section 3 – Adjustments
3.1
Circuit Board Adjustments ........................................................................................................................33
3.2
Switch Settings .........................................................................................................................................35
3.2.1
SW 1 (Upper Switch) Description and Function .......................................................................35
3.2.2
SW 2 (Lower Switch) Description and Function .......................................................................35
3.3
Limit Switch Adjustment ...........................................................................................................................36
3.4
Inherent Reverse Adjustment ...................................................................................................................37
6
Section 4 – Operating Instructions
4.1
4.2
Power and Reset Switches ......................................................................................................................39
Shutdown Conditions
4.2.1
4.3
Soft Shutdown ..........................................................................................................................40
4.2.2
Resetting a Soft Shutdown.......................................................................................................40
4.2.3
Hard Shutdown ........................................................................................................................41
4.2.4
Resetting a Hard Shutdown .....................................................................................................41
Manual / Emergency Gate Operation
4.3.1
Emergency Vehicle Access Conditions....................................................................................42
4.3.2
Fail-Safe Manual Operation .....................................................................................................42
4.3.3
Fail-Secure Manual Operation .................................................................................................43
Section 5 – Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5.1
Maintenance Schedule .............................................................................................................................45
5.2
Operator Diagnostics................................................................................................................................46
5.3
Trouble Shooting ......................................................................................................................................47
Wire Diagram............................................................................................................................................49
5.4
Accessories ..............................................................................................................................................50
7
IMPORTANT NOTICES
Vehicular gate systems provide convenience to their users and limit vehicular traffic onto your
property. These systems can produce high levels of force; therefore it is important that you are aware
of possible hazards associated with your gate operating system. These hazards may include pinch
points, entrapment, absence of controlled pedestrian access or traffic backup.
Be sure that the installer has instructed you on the proper operation of the gate and gate operator
system. Be sure that the installer has trained you about the basic functions of the required reversing
systems associated with your gate operating system and how to test them. These include reversing
loops, inherent reversing system, electric edges, photoelectric cells, or other external devices.
•
This Owner's Manual is your property. Keep it in a safe place for future reference.
•
Loops and loop detectors, photo-cells or other equivalent devices must be installed
with this gate operator to prevent the gate from closing on vehicular traffic.
•
The speed limit for vehicular traffic through the gate area is 5 MPH. Install speed bumps and
signs to keep vehicular traffic from speeding through the gate area. Failure to adhere to
posted speed limits can result in damage to the gate, gate operator, and to the vehicle.
•
Be sure that all residents are familiar with the proper use of the gate and gate operator. Be
sure that all residents are familiar with the possible hazards associated with the gate system.
•
Be sure that all warning signs are permanently installed on both sides of the gate in an area
where they are fully visible to traffic.
•
It is your responsibility to periodically check all reversing devices. If any of these devices are
observed to function improperly, remove the operator from service immediately and contact
your installing or servicing dealer.
•
Follow the recommended maintenance schedule.
•
Do not allow children to play in the area of the operator or to play with any gate-operating
device.
•
Be sure that all activating devices are installed a minimum distance of 10 feet away from the
gate and gate operator, or in such a way that a person cannot touch the gate or gate operator
while using the activating device. If activating devices are installed in violation of these
restrictions, immediately remove the gate operator from service and contact your installing
dealer.
•
To remove the gate operator from service, operate the gate to the full open position and then
shut off power to the operator at the service panel.
SPEED BUMP
HAZARD AREA
SPEED BUMP
8
PEDESTRAINS
VEHICULAR
TRAFFIC
HAZARD AREA
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING - To reduce the risk of injury or death:
1. READ AND FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS.
2. Never let children operate or play with gate controls. Keep the remote control
away from children.
3. Always keep people and objects away from gate. NO ONE SHOULD CROSS
THE PATH OF THE MOVING GATE.
4. Test the operator monthly. The gate MUST reverse on contact with a rigid object
or stop or reverse when an object activates the non-contact sensors. After
adjusting the force or the limit of travel, retest the gate operator. Failure to adjust
and retest the gate operator properly can increase the risk of injury or death.
5. KEEP GATES PROPERLY MAINTAINED. Read the owner's manual. Have a
qualified service person make repairs to gate hardware.
6. The entrance is for vehicles only. Pedestrians must use separate entrance.
7. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!
9
RESTRICTIONS AND WARNINGS
Install The Gate Operator Only If:
The operator is appropriate for the usage Class of the application and the gate is within the
weight and length limitations specified for the operator.
•
All openings of a horizontal slide gate are guarded or screened from the bottom of the gate to
a minimum of 4 feet (1.2 m) above the ground to prevent a 2 ¼ inch (57.15 mm) diameter
sphere from passing through the openings anywhere in the gate, and in that portion of the
adjacent fence that the gate covers in the open position.
•
All exposed pinch points are eliminated or guarded.
•
This operator is intended for installation only on slide gates used to control vehicular traffic.
Pedestrians must be provided with a separate access opening.
•
The gate must be installed in a location so that sufficient clearance is provided between the
gate and adjacent structures when opening and closing to reduce the risk of entrapment (see
diagram). Sliding gates should not open into public access areas.
•
The gate must be properly installed and work freely in both directions prior to the installation
of the gate operator. Do not reduce reversing sensitivity to compensate for a damaged gate.
•
Controls must be far enough from the gate so that the user is prevented from coming in
contact with the gate while operating the controls. Outdoor or easily accessible controls
should have a security feature to prevent unauthorized use.
•
All warning signs and placards must be installed where visible in the area of the gate.
All openings of a horizontal slide gate are guarded or screened from the
bottom of the gate to a minimum of four (4) feet (1.2 m) above the
ground to prevent a 2 1/4 inch (57.15 mm) diameter sphere from passing
through the openings anywhere in the gate and in that portion of the
adjacent fence that the gate covers in the open position. (ref. UL325
51.8.4.a.2)
Fence
Roadway
Gate Operator
Vehicular Gate
Sidewalk
Fence
Pedestrian
Access
•
Fence
The operator is
intended for installation
only on gates used for
vehicles. Pedestrians
must be supplied with a
seperate access
opening. (ref. UL325
51.8.4.b)
Gate
4 ft.
min
V-Track
Spacing must be such
that a 2 1/4 inch sphere
cannot pass through.
10
ENTRAPMENT PREVENTION
This vehicular gate operator is equipped with an inherent (Type A) entrapment sensing system. This
system will sense an obstruction in both the opening and closing gate cycles, and will cause the gate
to reverse direction should an obstruction be encountered. If the system detects a second obstruction
before reaching the full open or close limit after the initial reversal, an alarm will activate and the
operator will require a reset before resuming normal operation. See Section 4 for more information.
EXTERNAL ENTRAPMENT PREVENTION
Non-contact and/or contact sensors must be installed individually or in combination with each other to
provide external entrapment prevention. For gate operators utilizing a non-contact sensor:
•
See diagram below for placement of non-contact sensors.
•
Care should be exercised to reduce the risk of nuisance tripping, such as when a vehicle trips
the sensor while the gate is still moving, and
•
One or more non-contact sensors shall be located where the risk of entrapment or
obstruction exists, such as the perimeter reachable by a moving gate or barrier.
Open beam protects area
between the gate and
adjacent fence during the
open cycle.
Fence
Gate
Entrapment area exist between the gate
and the adjacent fence when the gate is in
the opening cycle.
Close beam prevents gate
from hitting obstructions
during the close cycle.
For gate operators utilizing a contact sensor:
•
A hardwired contact sensor shall be located and it’s wiring arranged so that the
communication between the sensor and the gate operator is not subjected to mechanical
damage.
•
A wireless contact sensor such as one that transmits radio frequency (RF) signals to the gate
operator for entrapment prevention functions shall be located where the transmission of the
signals are not obstructed or impeded by building structures, natural landscaping or similar
obstruction. A wireless contact sensor shall function under the intended end-use conditions.
Outside
Fence
Gate
Trailing Edge
Inside
Entrapment area exist between the gate
and the adjacent fence when the gate is in
the opening cycle.
11
Leading Edge
GLOSSARY
GATE – A moving barrier such as a swinging, sliding, raising, lowering, or the like, barrier, that is a
stand-alone passage barrier or is that portion of a wall or fence system that controls entrance and/or
egress by persons or vehicles and completes the perimeter of a defined area.
RESIDENTIAL VEHICULAR GATE OPERATOR-CLASS I - A vehicular gate operator (or system)
intended for use in a home of one-to four single family dwelling, or garage or parking area associated
therewith.
COMMERCIAL / GENERAL ACCESS VEHICULAR GATE OPERATOR-CLASS II - A vehicular gate
operator (or system) intended for use in a commercial location or building such as a multi-family
housing unit (five or more single family units), hotels, garages, retail store, or other building servicing
the general public.
INDUSTRIAL / LIMITED ACCESS VEHICULAR GATE OPERATOR-CLASS III - A vehicular gate
operator (or system) intended for use in an industrial location or building such as a factory or loading
dock area or other locations not intended to service the general public.
RESTRICTED ACCESS VEHICULAR GATE OPERATOR-CLASS IV - A vehicular gate operator (or
system) intended for use in a guarded industrial location or building such as an airport security area
or other restricted access locations not servicing the general public, in which unauthorized access is
prevented via supervision by security personnel.
SYSTEM - In the context of these requirements, a system refers to a group of interacting devices
intended to perform a common function.
WIRED CONTROL - A control implemented in a form of fixed physical interconnections between the
control, the associated devices, and an operator to perform predetermined functions in response to
input signals.
WIRELESS CONTROL - A control implemented in means other than fixed physical interconnections
(such as radio waves or infrared beams) between the control, the associated devices, and an
operator to perform predetermined functions in response to input signals.
INHERENT ENTRAPMENT SENSOR SYSTEM - An automatic sensor system, which senses
entrapment of a solid object and is incorporated as a permanent and integral part of the operator.
ENTRAPMENT – The condition when an object is caught or held in a position that increases the risk
of injury.
12
SECTION 1 - INSTALLATION
Prior to beginning the installation of the slide gate operator, we suggest that you become familiar with
the instructions, illustrations, and wiring guide-lines in this manual. This will help insure that your
installation is performed in an efficient and professional manner.
The proper installation of the vehicular slide gate operator is an extremely important and integral part
of the overall access control system. Check all local building ordinances and building codes prior to
installing this operator. Be sure your installation is in compliance with local codes.
1.1 SPECIFICATIONS
Class of Operation:
Type of Gate:
Horsepower:
Voltage:
Current:
Max Gate Weight:
Max Gate Length:
Cycles / Hr:
Speed:
Entrapment Protection:
Note 1:
Class I, II, III, IV
Vehicular Slide Gates Only
1/2 HP and 1 HP
115, 208, 230 or 460 Volt
Varies with voltage and phase. See page 22.
1000 Lbs. (1/2 HP), 1500 Lbs. (1 HP)1
35 Ft. (1/2 HP), 45 Ft. (1 HP)1
60/Hr
Approximately 1 Ft./Sec.
Primary – Inherent (Type A)
Secondary – Provision for connection of a non-contact
sensor (Type B1) and/or a contact sensor (Type B2).
Secondary entrapment protection devices are not supplied
with the operator and must be ordered separately.
Assumes gate is in good working condition installed on a
level surface.
27.5
11
28.5 (1 HP)
16.5
21.5 (1/2 HP)
13
1.2 CONCRETE PAD
The model 9300 vehicular gate operator is designed to be mounted on a concrete pad.
1. Construct a form for the mounting pad according to the specifications shown below. Be
sure to level the top edge of the form and that the top of the form is a minimum of four (4)
inches above ground level. We suggest that you contact the local building department to
determine the required depth of the pad since soil conditions and code requirements vary
from city to city.
2. Set conduits, reinforcing bars and/or wire mesh if required. If the slide gate operator
has a battery backup system, then conduits must be located in the area shown.
The number of conduits is determined by the application requirements. We suggest using
a minimum of four (4) conduits. 1-High voltage power lines; 2-Low voltage control lines;
3-Loop lead-in wires (open loop); 4-Loop lead-in wires (reverse loops). See SECTION 2.
3. Mix the concrete according to the manufacturers instructions. Pour the mixture into the
form and tamp. Level and finish the surface after pouring is complete. Do not set anchor
bolts in the concrete. Sleeve anchors should be used to secure the operator to the pad.
This allows greater flexibility in positioning the operator on the pad.
4. Allow the pad to cure for 48 hours before removing the forms or mounting the operator.
GATE
6
3 3/4
Min
1
20.5
4
5
CONDUIT
AREA FOR
UNITS WITH
BATTERY B/U
6.5
4
28.5
4" Minimum Above
Ground Level
Depth of pad determined by soil
conditions and local code.
14
18.5
13.5
GATE BRKT
7
1.3 OPERATOR INSTALLATION
•
Position the operator on the pad so that
there is a minimum clearance of one (1)
inch between the back of the operator
housing and the gate.
•
IMPORTANT!! Be sure that the operator
is parallel to the gate! Installing the
operator in any other manner will cause
excessive chain noise, chain wear and
stretching, and premature idler failure.
•
Mark the mounting holes on the mounting
pad. Use a concrete drill bit to drill the
mounting holes to the size and depth
required for the anchors being used. We
recommend 1/2 x 2 or 3/8 x 2 sleeve
anchors (not supplied).
•
After drilling the mounting holes, clean
them out and install the sleeve anchors.
Position the operator over the anchors
and tighten.
15
90°
NO!
1.4 CHAIN INSTALLATION
1. Secure the chain brackets to each end of the
gate so that the brackets are level with the
top chain cutouts in the operator housing.
Brackets should be attached to the inside of
the frame so that the chain bolts, when
attached, do not protrude beyond the frame
of the gate.
2. Remove the breather plug pin from the
gear-box and discard it.
3. Route the chain through the gate operator:
under the chain guide idlers and over the
drive sprocket.
4. Attach the chain to the chain bolts using the
master links supplied, and then attach the
chain bolts to the chain brackets using the
hardware supplied. Make any adjustments to
the chain length at this time.
5. Adjust the chain bolts to tighten the chain.
The chain should sag no more than one (1)
inch per 10 feet of travel. Do not over tighten
the chain. IMPORTANT!! Be sure that the
chain is parallel to the gate. Installing the
chain in any other manner will cause
excessive noise, chain idler wear and
chain stretching.
6. If the operator is to be rear mounted, an
endless idler assembly (P/N 2600-818) is
required. Depending on the length of the
gate, additional chain may also be required.
See detail on page 18.
16
NO!
REMOVE PIN
1.5 FRONT MOUNT
8.5
CONCRETE PAD
4
GROUND LEVEL
17
REMOVE PIN
1.6 REAR MOUNT
8.5
CONCRETE PAD
4
GROUND LEVEL
Gate Brackets
18
Idler Assembly
P/N 2600-818
1.7 WARNING SIGN INSTALLATION
This DoorKing slide gate operator is shipped with two warning signs. The purpose of the warning
signs is to alert uniformed persons, and to remind persons familiar with the system, that a potential
hazard may exist so that appropriate action can be taken to avoid the hazard or to reduce exposure
to the hazard.
1. Permanently install the supplied warning signs in locations
so that the signs are visible by persons on both sides of
the gate.
2. Use appropriate hardware such as wood or metal screws
(not supplied) to install the warnings.
WARNING
Moving Gate Can Cause
Serious Injury or Death
KEEP CLEAR! Gate may move at any time
without prior warning.
Do not let children operate the gate or play
in the gate area.
This entrance is for vehicles only.
Pedestrians must use separate entrance.
19
20
SECTION 2 – WIRING
Before attempting to connect any wiring to the operator, be sure that the circuit breaker in the
electrical panel is in the OFF position. Permanent wiring must be installed to the operator as required
by local electrical codes. It is recommended that such work be performed by a licensed electrical
contractor.
Since building codes vary from city to city, we highly recommend that you check with your
local building department prior to installing any permanent wiring to be sure that all wiring to
the operator (both high and low voltage) complies with local code requirements.
THIS GATE OPERATOR MUST BE PROPERLY GROUNDED!!
MASTER
OPERATOR
MASTER
OPERATOR
SLIDE GATE CONDUIT REQUIREMENTS
(Typical)
Low Voltage Control Devices
Loop Lead-In Wires
High Voltage Power
•
The conduit requirements shown are for a typical slide gate operator installation (the slave
operator is shown for those applications where a slave operator may be used). The conduit
requirements for your application may vary from this depending on your specific needs.
•
Use only sweeps for conduit bends. Do not use 90° connectors as this will make wire pulls
very difficult and can cause damage to wire insulation.
•
We suggest that minimum ¾-inch conduit be used.
•
Be sure that all conduits are installed in accordance with local codes.
21
2.1 HIGH VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS
Use Table 1 to determine high voltage wire size requirements. The distance shown in the chart is
measured in feet from the operator to the power source. If power wiring is greater than the maximum
distance shown, it is recommended that a service feeder be installed. When large gauge wire is used,
a separate junction box must be installed for the operator connection. The wire table is based on
stranded copper wire. Wire run calculations are based on a 3% voltage drop on the power line, plus
an additional 10% reduction in distance to allow for other losses in the system.
VOLTS
HP
AMPS
WIRE SIZE / DISTANCE IN FEET
12 AWG
10 AWG
8 AWG
6 AWG
115
1/2
5.4
170
275
460
685
208 / 230
1/2
2.7
685
1100
1830
2750
460
1/2
1.35
2875
4600
7665
11500
115
1
9.7
95
155
250
385
208 / 230
1
4.9
380
610
1020
1520
460
1
2.6
1495
2385
3975
5970
Table 1
GROUND
GROUND
22
115 VAC HOT
For 230 and 460-volt three-phase input power, use
only two legs of the incoming 3-phase power.
115 VAC NEUT
•
115 VAC NEUT
It is recommended that a surge suppresser be
installed on the high voltage power lines to help
protect the operator and circuit board from surges and
power fluctuations.
230 / 460 V
•
See Detail
230 / 460 V
Connect the power wires to the high voltage terminal
strip as shown.
115 VAC SWITCHED
•
115 VAC SWITCHED
Be sure wiring is installed in accordance with local
codes. Be sure to color code all wiring.
115 VAC NEUT
•
115 VAC NEUT
Route incoming high voltage power through conduit
and into the operator.
115 VAC HOT
•
2.2 CONTROL WIRING
Controls must be far enough from the gate so that the user is prevented from coming in
contact with the gate while operating the controls. Outdoor or easily accessible controls
should have a security feature to prevent unauthorized use.
•
Connect optional control devices to the operator terminal strip as shown below. Be sure that
all electrical connections are made in accordance with local electrical codes. Use 18 AWG
wire for all low voltage wiring, maximum distance 3000 feet. Use a low voltage surge
suppresser, DoorKing P/N 1878-010 if low voltage wire runs exceed 1000 feet. All inputs to
the terminal strip must be NORMALLY OPEN.
•
Standard reversing input (term 7) only functions while the gate is in the closing cycle
and should not be used as an input for a secondary entrapment prevention device. See
Section 2.3 for secondary entrapment prevention device wiring.
•
Do not power any devices from the circuit board other than a low voltage radio receiver as
shown. Power available at terminal 14 is limited to 250 ma at 24 VAC. Three-button control
station must be DoorKing P/N 1200-006 only. Others will not work.
Telephone
Entry
Lock
Boxes
Key
Switch
Push
Button
Digital
Keypad
Card
Reader
Fire
Dept
Common
1
Full Open
5
Not Used
6
Standard
Reverse
7
3-Button
Open Only
8
Loop
Detector
OPEN
CLOSE
3-Button
Close Only
9
STOP
Common
Relay
Power
Radio Receiver
24 VAC Pwr
3 Button
Control
14
23
MicroPLUS
RF Receiver
Relay Com
Relay N.O.
24 V Com
24 V Power
4-Wire
Receiver
2.3 SECONDARY ENTRAPMENT PREVENTION DEVICE WIRING
Secondary entrapment prevention devices must be installed to insure a safe operating environment
and to reduce the risk of personnel entrapment. This operator has inputs for non-contact sensors and
contact sensors for both opening and closing gate cycles. Secondary entrapment prevention may be
provided by a combination of both type sensors. See Section 5.4 for a list of acceptable secondary
entrapment prevention devices. Before connecting non-contact or contact sensors, refer to
page 30 for operational description of these sensors.
2.3.1 NON-CONTACT SENSORS
•
Disconnect power to the gate operator before installing the non-contact sensors.
•
See diagram below for suggested placement of sensors. (Diagram is for illustration purposes
only. Actual placement of the sensors is dependent on the installation requirements). One or
more non-contact sensors shall be located where the risk of entrapment or obstruction exists,
such as the perimeter reachable by a moving gate or barrier.
•
Use only UL listed (or equivalent) non-contact sensors.
•
Connect the non-contact sensors as shown below to the auxiliary terminal strip located on the
4402 control board. Inputs from photo-beam to circuit board are NORMALLY OPEN.
•
Diagram does not show power wiring to photo-beams.
•
Open photo-beam must be placed so that it covers that portion of the fence that the gate
covers when it is fully open.
Roadway
Fence
Gate
Open direction
non-contact sensor
Close direction
non-contact sensor
Close Direction Protection
Open Direction Protection
Open Photo-Beam
Close Photo- Beam
Open Edge
Close Edge
Common
24
2.3.2 CONTACT SENSORS
•
Disconnect power to the gate operator before installing the contact sensors.
•
Connect the contact sensors as shown below to the auxiliary terminal strip located on the
4402 control board.
•
Contact sensors may be located at the leading edge, trailing edge, and post mounted both
inside and outside of the vehicular sliding gate. Additional contact sensors may be added for
additional protection where an entrapment zone may exist.
•
Hardwired contact sensors must be located and wiring arranged so that the communication
between the sensor and the gate operator is not subjected to mechanical damage.
•
Inputs from sensing edges/receiver to circuit board are NORMALLY OPEN.
•
Diagram does not show power wiring to RF receiver.
Outside
Post Mount
Fence
Gate
Trailing
Edge
Inside
Post Mount
Leading
Edge
Trail
Edge
TX
Trailing
edge
relay
Open Photo-Beam
Close Photo- Beam
Lead
Edge
TX
Lead Edge
Trail Edge
Outside Post
Inside Post
Roadway
2 CH
Rec'vr
Leading
edge
relay
Open Edge
Close Edge
Common
25
2.4 LOOP DETECTOR WIRING
If non-contact sensors are not utilized and installed as described in section 2.3.1, then loops
and loop detectors must be installed with this gate operator to prevent the gate from
accidentally closing on vehicles that may be in the path of the gate.
•
Loop detector wiring is shown for DoorKing model 9406 Plug-In loop detector only. If other
loop detectors are used, refer to the installation instructions supplied with those detectors for
wiring requirements.
•
If other loop detectors are used, all inputs to the terminal strip are NORMALLY OPEN. Use a
separate power supply to power external detectors. Be sure that power is turned off prior to
making any connections to the terminal strip.
•
Loop layout shown is for a typical slide gate application with two-way traffic or one-way exit
only traffic. For one-way entry only traffic, the open loop and loop detector are not needed.
•
Refer to the separate Loop Information Manual (available from DoorKing) for instructions on
installing loops or preformed loops.
•
Reverse loops are wired in series (detail A)!
TB 1
TB 1
Open
Detail A
Reverse
Loop Detector
P/N 9406-010
Loop Detector
P/N 9406-010
Plug into
OPEN Port
Plug into
REVERSE Port
Reverse
From outside
Reverse loop
From inside
Reverse loop
TB 1
Detail A
26
2.5 GATE TRACKER™ CONNECTIONS
This gate operator is equipped with outputs from the circuit board that will report operator status to a
companion DoorKing Access Control System (Model 1803PC, 1815, 1817 or 1818) when equipped
with an optional Tracker expansion board. This report includes items such as gate operator cycle
count, any shorted inputs, loop detector problems, any attempts to force the gate open, if the gate
has struck anything during the open or close cycle, power interruptions, etc.
Gate Tracker™ connections are made at terminals 1, 5, 10, 11 and 14 on the main terminal strip. For
more detailed information on Gate Tracker™ and wiring to the Tracker expansion boards, refer to the
Tracker Installation and Wiring Manual, DoorKing P/N 2351-010.
Maximum wire run for gate operator data to the tracker board is 500 feet using Belden #9931
shielded cable or Consolidated #5324-CL shielded cable. Float the shield at the tracker board. Do
not connect the shield to the tracker board common.
Wire connection from the tracker board terminal P1-5 to the 4402 main terminal 5 is optional if the
gate operator is not to be activated by the tracker output relay.
4402 Board
Terminal Strip
Common
1
Open Input
5
Belden #9931 or
Consolidated #5324-CL
shielded cable or equivalent.
P1-6, P2-5 and 11
P1-5
Gate Tracker
Data
10
P2-1
P2-2
Gate Tracker
Busy
11
P2-12
Tracker Board
24 VAC
14
27
2.6 AUXILIARY DEVICES
2.6.1 ALARM RESET SWITCH
The gate operator is equipped with a reset switch that will silence the entrapment alarm and return
the operator to normal operation after a hard shutdown occurs. An auxiliary reset button may be
added provided that the following condition is met.
•
The alarm-reset button must be located in the line of sight of the gate.
•
Connect the normally open alarm-reset switch to auxiliary terminals 1 and 3.
AUXILIARY ALARM RESET
PUSH BUTTON
NORMAL
OPERATION
Common
1
Alarm
2
Alarm Reset
3
OPERATOR
RESET
2.6.2 AUXILIARY STOP SWITCH
This circuit creates an auxiliary stop input that will stop a moving gate when activated, or will prevent
the gate operator from starting if the switch is activated. Note that this stop input is normally open
and that a switch closure will activate the stop function. Because this is a normally open
circuit, the stop switch is not intended and should not be used as a safety interlock device.
•
This circuit cannot be used if a DoorKing 3 button control station is connected to the operator.
•
Place a jumper wire from terminal 8 to terminal 9.
•
Connect the stop switch to terminals 1 and 9.
9
NORMAL
OPERATION
28
N.C.
Close Only
N.O.
8
COM
Open Only
N.C.
1
COM
Common
N.O.
AUXILIARY STOP USING
MAGNETIC SWITCH
OPERATOR
STOPPED
2.7 MASTER / SLAVE WIRING
2.7.1 OPERATOR INTERFACE
The interface wiring between the two operators requires four (4) 18 AWG wires for control. Each
operator must be connected to it's own power source as described in section 2.2. The loop functions
are controlled by a two-channel loop detector (P/N 9405-010) plugged into the OPEN port on the
operator that is designated as the master unit. Color code shown assumes use of DoorKing master /
slave cable, part number 2600-755 (30 ft.), 2600756 (40 ft.), 2600-757 (50 ft.).
1. Connect the master / slave wiring main terminals 1, 5, 7 and external sensor terminal 2
as shown below. Be sure that power to both operators is OFF.
2. Set SW 1, switch 3 to the OFF position in this operator. Place a jumper from terminal 4
to terminal 5.
3. Plug the 9405 loop detector into the OPEN loop port. Connect the leads from the OPEN
loop to TB 1. Connect the leads from the REVERSE loop(s) to TB 2. Connect TB 3
Normally Open (N.O.) to terminal 7. Connect TB 3 Common (C) to terminal 1.
4. Connect the radio receiver as shown. Note that the relay contact from the radio receiver
connects to terminal 5.
5. Connect any other OPEN devices to terminals 1 and 5. Connect standard external
REVERSING devices to terminals 7 and 1. See section 2.7.2 for secondary entrapment
prevention device wiring for master / slave operators.
Common
Radio
Receiver
Power
Yellow
1
Relay
4
Brown
5
6
Open Loop
Orange
7
TB 1
TB 2
9505
Detector
Slave Operator
Brown
4
Master Operator
Reverse Loop(s)
1
Yellow
5
6
Orange
14
7
14
TB 3
1
Gray
NOTE: Auxiliary
terminals used is
dependent on the type
of secondary
protection used.
2
1
CLS PHOTO
Gray
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
CLS PHOTO
Master / Slave Conduit
Connect Chassis Ground To
Chassis Ground (Green Wire)
29
2.7.2 SECONDARY ENTRAPMENT PROTECTION DEVICE WIRING
Secondary entrapment protection for slide gate operators connected in a master / slave configuration
will require three sets of photo-beams to insure protection.
•
One photo-beam is directed across the roadway and connected to the CLOSE photo-beam
input on the auxiliary terminal strip of both the master and slave operator. This photo-beam is
active in the close direction only and will not affect the movement of the gates while the gates
are opening.
•
Two photo-beams are required to protect the open direction of the gates - one for the master
operator and one for the slave operator. These photo-beams are connected to the OPEN
photo-beam input on the auxiliary terminal strip in their respective operator. These photobeams are active in the open direction only. If a beam is interrupted while the gate(s) are in
the open cycle, only the gate that is controlled by the interrupted beam will stop, the other
gate will continue in the open direction.
Non-Contact Sensor Master / Slave Wiring Diagram
Master operator
open direction
sensor
Close direction
sensor
Open Photo-Beam
Close Photo-Beam
Slave operator
open direction
sensor
Open Photo-Beam
Close Photo-Beam
Common
Common
Gray
Master / Slave Conduit
30
2.8 TERMINAL IDENTIFICATION AND DESCRIPTION
2.8.1 MAIN TERMINAL (P1)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
LOW VOLTAGE COMMON
ALARM OUTPUT
ALARM RESET INPUT
EXIT LOOP LOGIC OUTPUT
If SW 1, switch 3 is OFF, this terminal becomes the logic output of the loop detector
plugged into the EXIT loop port (DoorKing loop detectors only).
FULL OPEN / CLOSE INPUT
When gate is closed, input will open gate to full position.
When gate is open and auto close timer is turned on, input will re-set and hold timer.
When gate is open and auto close timer is turned off, input will close gate.
When gate is closing, input will reverse gate.
NOT USED
STANDARD REVERSE / STOP INPUT
When gate is fully closed or in the opening cycle, this input has no affect on the gate
operator.
When gate is open and auto close timer is turned ON, input will re-set and hold timer.
When gate is open and auto close timer is turned OFF, input will prevent gate from
closing.
When gate is closing, input will REVERSE gate if SW 1, switch 7 is OFF.
When gate is closing, input will STOP gate if SW 1, switch 7 is ON.
OPEN INPUT - Use with DoorKing 3 button control station only (P/N 1200-006).
CLOSE INPUT - Use with DoorKing 3 button control station only (P/N 1200-006).
GATE TRACKER - DATA
GATE TRACKER - BUSY
DRY RELAY CONTACT
Operation of relay is dependent on setting of SW 1, switches 4 and 5. Relay contacts
can be set for Normally Open (NO) or Normally Closed (NC) operation. Contact
rating is 1 amp maximum at 24 Volts.
DRY RELAY CONTACT
24 VAC, 250 MA MAXIMUM
SOLENOID LOCK POWER ONLY
POWER OUTPUT TO MOTOR
WARNING
POWER OUTPUT TO MOTOR
HIGH VOLTAGE!
115 VAC HOT
115 VAC NEUTRAL
EARTH GROUND / CHASSIS
31
2.8.2 LIMIT SWITCH CONNECTOR (P2)
The limit switch connector is located at the upper left-hand corner of the 4402 circuit board and
provides input to the circuit board from the limit switches.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
OPEN LIMIT
CLOSE LIMIT
NOT USED
LIMIT ENABLE
LIMIT COMMON
2.8.3 REVERSING DEVICE CONNECTOR (P3)
External entrapment prevention devices are connected here.
1. OPEN PHOTO-BEAM
This input is only active when the gate is in the opening cycle. An open photo-beam input
during the opening cycle will cause the gate to stop. The gate will remain stopped until
the photo-beam input is cleared, at which time the gate will resume the open cycle.
2. CLOSE PHOTO-BEAM
This input is only active when the gate is in the closing cycle. A close photo-beam input
during the closing cycle will cause the gate to stop. The gate will remain stopped until the
photo-beam input is cleared, at which time the gate will resume the close cycle.
3. OPEN EDGE
This input is only active when the gate is in the opening cycle. An open edge input during
the opening cycle will cause the gate to stop and then reverse.
If the gate reaches the full closed position, the gate will remain closed, ignore any
maintained inputs and enter a soft shutdown condition. NOTE: If the gate was initially
activated by a time clock with a contact closure across the gate operator open input, this
input will be ignored until another input (open loop, reverse loop. etc.) is received by the
gate operator.
If a close edge sensor is activated prior to the gate reaching the full closed position, the
gate will stop and enter a soft shutdown condition.
4. CLOSE EDGE
This input is only active when the gate is in the closing cycle. A close edge input during
the closing cycle will cause the gate to stop and then reverse.
If the gate reaches the full open position, the timer will automatically close the gate (if it is
turned on). Once the gate starts to close again, if the close edge input is activated a
second time prior to the gate reaching the full closed position, the operator will stop and
reverse and will enter a soft shutdown condition.
If an open edge sensor is activated prior to the gate reaching the full open position, the
gate will stop and enter a soft shutdown condition.
5. COMMON
Common terminal for the secondary entrapment protection device inputs.
6. COMMON
32
SECTION 3 - ADJUSTMENTS
The switch settings and adjustments in this chapter should be made after your installation and wiring
to the operator(s) is complete. Whenever any of the programming switches on the circuit board are
changed, power must be shut-off, and then turned back on for the new setting to take effect.
3.1 CIRCUIT BOARD ADJUSTMENTS
•
Set the DIP-switches on the circuit board to the desired setting. See switch-setting charts in
section 3.2.
•
Auto close timer (when turned on) can be set from 1 second (full counter clockwise) to
approximately 23 seconds (full clockwise).
•
Dry contact relay (terminals 12-13) can be set for Normally Open (NO) or Normally Closed
(NC) operation by placing the relay shorting bar on the NO or NC pins respectively.
•
Power LED indicates that low voltage power is applied to the circuit board. Input LEDs should
be OFF and will only illuminate when the input is activated. The limit LED will be ON when
the respective limit switch is activated. Any attempt to force the gate open will turn on the
Gate Forced LED.
1
12345678
LIMIT SWITCH
CONNECTOR
EXIT
LOOP
2
3
ON
LIMIT
4
1234
LIMIT
POWER
TIME DELAY
5
REVERSING DEVICE
CONNECTOR
PARTIAL
6
7
8
9
10
REV SENS
OPEN
REV SENS
CLOSE
11
12
13
RELAY CONTACT
14
REVERSE
LOOP
15
16
17
18
GATE FORCED
19
20
33
3.2 SWITCH SETTINGS
The two DIP-switches located on the circuit board are used to program the operator to operate in
various modes and to turn on or off various operating features. Whenever a switch setting is
changed, power to the operator must be turned OFF and then turned back on for the new setting to
take affect. Check and review ALL switch settings prior to applying power to the operator.
SW 1 (UPPER SWITCH)
SWITCH
FUNCTION
SETTING
1
Direction
OFF
ON
Changes open / close direction of operator.
2
Auto Close
Timer
OFF
ON
Auto-close timer is OFF. Manual input required to close gate.
Auto-close timer is ON. Adjustable from 1-23 seconds.
3
Open Loop
Output
OFF
ON
Switches logic-level output of EXIT loop port to terminal 4.
Normal Setting. Control board responds internally to loop
detector plugged into exit loop port.
4&5
Relay & LED
4-OFF 5-OFF
4-OFF 5-ON
4-ON 5-OFF
4-ON 5-ON
Relay activated and LED on when gate is FULL OPEN.
Relay activated and LED on when gate is NOT CLOSED.
Relay activated and LED on when gate is OPENING and OPEN.
Relay activated and LED on when gate is OPENING or CLOSING.
6
Solenoid Lock
(see note 1)
OFF
Normal setting. Fail-safe logic. Lock engages only if attempt is
made to force gate open.
Fail-secure logic. Lock engages after each cycle.
ON
7
8
Reverse
OFF
Stop
ON
Timer Override
OFF
ON
DESCRIPTION
Normal Setting. Input to terminal 7 will REVERSE gate during
close cycle.
Input to terminal 7 will STOP gate during close cycle.
Normal gate operation.
Opening gate will stop and begin to close as soon as all reversing
inputs (loops, beams) are clear regardless of the open position of
the gate.
SW 2 (LOWER SWITCH)
SWITCH
FUNCTION
1
Self Test
(see note 2)
OFF
ON
Normal setting.
Run self-test – bench test only.
2
Hill
OFF
ON
Normal setting.
Hill hold feature is enabled.
3
Slide Gate
OFF
Normal setting. Must be in the OFF position for slide gate
operators.
Overhead Gate
ON
Spare
OFF
ON
4
SETTING
DESCRIPTION
Normal Setting.
NOTES:
1. Do not change the setting of this switch unless the solenoid/lock assembly has been
repositioned for the operation desired. Changing the setting of this switch without
physically changing the lock assembly will damage the operator.
2. Do not run the self-test while the gate operator is connected to the gate. This self-test
feature is designed for bench-testing only.
34
3.2.1 SW 1 (LEFT SWITCH) DESCRIPTION AND FUNCTION
Switch 1: Set so that the operator cycles open upon initial power up and open command. If the
operator cycles close, turn power off and change the setting on this switch.
Switch 2: Turns the auto close timer on or off. Set from 1 to 23 seconds. Loops and loop
detectors, photoelectric cells, or other like devices must be installed when the auto close
timer is used to prevent the gate from closing on vehicular traffic.
Switch 3: Determines if the output of the loop detector (DoorKing loop detectors only) plugged into
the EXIT port will be sent directly to the microprocessor to open the gate, or if the output is directed to
terminal 4 where it can then be connected to other input terminals
Switches 4-5: These work in conjunction with each other and determine when the relay on the board
will be activated. This relay can be used as a switch for various functions such as illuminating a
warning light when the gate is moving, or turning on a green light when the gate is full open. If a
magnetic lock is used with the gate operator, these switches must be set for magnetic lock operation
which limits the relay to activate only when the gate is opening and full open.
Switch 6: This switch determines the operation of the solenoid lock and is factory set. CAUTION: Do
not change the setting of this switch unless the solenoid / lock assembly has been repositioned for
the operation desired. Changing the setting of this switch without physically changing the lock
assembly will damage the operator.
Switch 7: Determines if an input to terminal 7 will reverse or stop a closing gate. If this switch is set
to stop the gate (ON), once the input to terminal 7 is cleared, the gate will continue to close. This is
typically used to help prevent tailgating.
Switch 8: Turning the timer override feature on will cause the auto close timer to close the gate after
1 second, regardless of the setting of the auto close timer potentiometer. This will also cause an
opening gate to stop and reverse when the reverse (loop) inputs are cleared. This feature, along with
switch 7 above, is useful to prevent tailgating.
3.2.2 SW 2 (RIGHT SWITCH) DESCRIPTION AND FUNCTION
Switch 1: This switch must be in the OFF position for normal operation. The self-test feature checks
various functions of the operator. CAUTION - Do not run self-test with the operator connected to the
gate. The drive chain must be disconnected from the operator to run the self-test.
Switch 2: This switch should be left in the OFF position when the slide gate is running on a level
track and the gate does not coast. If the gate is on an incline, turning this switch on will enable the
solenoid lock when the gate stops to hold the gate on an incline.
Switch 3: Sets the circuit board to function with slide gate operators (switch OFF) or overhead gate
operators (switch ON). This switch must be left in the OFF position for model 9300 Slide Gate
Operator.
Switch 4: Spare – leave switch in the OFF position.
35
3.3 LIMIT ADJUSTMENT
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Be sure that power to the operator is OFF.
Push the gate to the open position. Adjust the OPEN limit nut so that it is activating
the OPEN limit switch.
Push the gate to the close position. Adjust the CLOSE limit nut so that it is activating
the CLOSE limit switch.
After adjusting the limit-nuts, be sure that the lock-plate is engaged in the slots on the
limit-nuts to prevent them from slipping.
Turn power on and activate the gate operator. If gate runs towards the close
position, turn power OFF and change direction switch (SW-1, switch 1). Turn power
ON and activate the gate operator.
Re-adjust the limit-nuts as necessary for full-open and full-close gate travel.
PUSH TO
ADJUST
LOCK
PLATE
LIMIT NUT
See Detail A
LIMIT SHAFT
LIMIT SWITCH
DETAIL A
36
3.4 INHERENT REVERSE ADJUSTMENT
This vehicular gate operator is equipped with an inherent (Type A) entrapment sensing system. This
system will sense an obstruction in either the opening or closing gate cycles and will cause the gate
to reverse direction should an obstruction be encountered. For this system to function correctly,
the gate must be properly installed and work freely in both directions. A good set of ball
bearing wheels (or rollers) is essential for proper slide gate operation.
1. Activate the gate operator by momentarily shorting terminal 1 and 5 with a 1-foot piece of
18 AWG wire. Be sure that the limit adjustment has been completed as described in
section 3.3.
2. While the gate is running open, slowly rotate the open reverse sensitivity potentiometer
clockwise until the gate reverses travel, then rotate the potentiometer 1/8 turn counter
clockwise. Note: Rotating the sensitivity adjustment clockwise INCREASES the reverse
sensitivity. Rotating this adjustment counter-clockwise DECREASES the reverse
sensitivity. NOTE: After the gate has reversed, the operator will assume a "soft
shutdown" making it necessary to initiate the cycle again by momentarily shorting across
terminals 1 and 5 as in step 1.
3. While the gate is running closed, slowly rotate the close reverse sensitivity potentiometer
clockwise until the gate reverses travel, then rotate the potentiometer 1/8 turn counter
clockwise. Note: Rotating the sensitivity adjustment clockwise INCREASES the reverse
sensitivity. Rotating this adjustment counter-clockwise DECREASES the reverse
sensitivity. NOTE: After the gate has reversed, the operator will assume a "soft
shutdown" making it necessary to initiate the cycle again by momentarily shorting across
terminals 1 and 5 as in step 1
4. Operate the gate a few times to be sure that it cycles completely.
5. Place an immobile object along the path of the gate so that the gate will strike it while in
the open cycle. The gate must reverse direction after striking the object. If it does not,
increase the reverse sensitivity by turning the potentiometer 1/8 turn clockwise, then
repeat this test. NOTE: After the gate has reversed, the operator will assume a "soft
shutdown" making it necessary to initiate the cycle again by momentarily shorting across
terminals 1 and 5 as in step 1.
6. Place an immobile object along the path of the gate so that the gate will strike it while in
the close cycle. The gate must reverse direction after striking the object. If it does not,
increase the reverse sensitivity by turning the potentiometer 1/8 turn clockwise, then
repeat this test. NOTE: After the gate has reversed, the operator will assume a "soft
shutdown" making it necessary to initiate the cycle again by momentarily shorting across
terminals 1 and 5 as in step 1 to reactivate the automatic close timer.
7. You may have to repeat step 2 several times to find the correct sensitivity adjustment.
INCREASE
INCREASE
REV SENS
CLOSE
REV SENS
OPEN
37
38
SECTION 4 – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING - To reduce the risk of injury or death:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
READ AND FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS.
Never let children operate or play with gate controls. Keep the remote control away
from children.
Always keep people and objects away from gate. NO ONE SHOULD CROSS THE
PATH OF THE MOVING GATE
Test the operator monthly. The gate MUST reverse on contact with a rigid object or
stop or reverse when an object activates the non-contact sensors. After adjusting the
force or the limit of travel, retest the gate operator. Failure to adjust and retest the
gate operator properly can increase the risk of injury or death.
Use the emergency release only when the gate is not moving and power has been
shut-off.
KEEP GATES PROPERLY MAINTAINED. Read the owner's manual. Have a
qualified service person make repairs to gate hardware.
The entrance is for vehicles only. Pedestrians must use separate entrance.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS.
4.1 POWER AND RESET SWITCHES
Open the power switch cover located on the side of the operator to access the MAIN POWER switch
and the operator RESET switch.
The RESET switch is used to turn off the
entrapment alarm and to reset the
operator after a hard shutdown has
occurred.
•
The AC POWER toggle switch turns
power to the operator ON (toggle up) or
OFF (toggle down).
•
The DC POWER toggle switch (units
equipped with the backup option only)
turns power to the DC backup system ON
(toggle up) or OFF (toggle down).
39
RESET
•
DC
POWER
AC
POWER
OFF
OFF
4.2 SHUTDOWN CONDITIONS
Under various entrapment conditions the operator will assume either a soft or hard shutdown (alarm)
condition. To determine what type of reset action is required, you will need to understand how the
different entrapment conditions affect the gate operator.
4.2.1 SOFT SHUTDOWN
This occurs in various situations where the inherent or secondary entrapment protection devices have
been activated. In a soft shutdown condition, the operator will not respond to any input that was
present when the entrapment protection device sensed an obstruction. If the gate stops at the open
position, the operator will not respond to the automatic close timer.
•
Example 1: A time clock keys the gate open in the morning and an entrapment protection
device senses an obstruction prior to the gate reaching the full open position. If the
entrapment is sensed by the inherent system, the gate will reverse and run back to the closed
position. The time clock input is still present, but the gate will not re-open.
NOTE: In some systems, the time clock input comes from the telephone entry system relay. This
same relay may also provide open commands for a card reader, MicroPLUS transmitters and the
visitor telephone entry. If so, these devices will also be disabled in a soft shutdown condition.
•
Example 2: If the gate is closing and an entrapment protection device is activated, the gate
will either stop or reverse and run back to the open position, depending upon if the secondary
or inherent device was activated. The automatic close timer will not close the gate.
•
Example 3: Vehicle arrives at open loop and the gate runs towards the open position. The
inherent entrapment protection is activated. The gate reverses and runs back to the closed
position. If the vehicle is still present at the open loop a soft shutdown condition does not
occur. The loop input provides an immediate reset of the operator and the gate will again run
to the open position.
4.2.2 RESETTING A SOFT SHUTDOWN
In some conditions, a soft shutdown will reset as soon as the entrapment condition clears. For
example, if a non-contact sensor (photo cell) is sensing an obstruction, the operator will stop the gate
and assume a soft shutdown condition. When the photocell clears, the operator will return to normal
operation.
When the operator is in a soft shutdown, activation of any "intended input" will reset the operator. An
"intended input" includes any command, any standard safety input and any loop input. Activating any
of these inputs will reset the gate. At that point the gate will return to normal operation. If the gate is
open, the automatic close timer will then time out and close the gate.
40
4.2.3 HARD SHUTDOWN
A hard shutdown condition occurs when the inherent entrapment protection system has sensed two
consecutive obstructions before the gate reaches the full open or full closed position. It can also be
an indication that the gate is too heavy or that the gate hardware (wheels, rollers) is in poor
condition and needs to be corrected. Do not reduce the operator reversing sensitivity in an
attempt to correct for a poorly designed gate or for hardware that is in need of repair.
•
Example: The gate is closing and the inherent entrapment protection system senses an
obstruction and causes the gate to reverse direction. As the gate begins to run in the open
direction, a second obstruction is sensed prior to the gate reaching the full open position.
Once the second obstruction has been sensed, the operator will stop, the audio alarm will be
activated and all standard inputs are shut down (including open commands, safety
commands, loop inputs, etc.).
•
NOTE: The audio alarm will remain activated for a maximum of five minutes, or until the
operator receives a reset input. The hard shutdown condition will remain in affect even if the
audio alarm shuts off after five minutes.
•
After 5 minutes, the audio alarm will “chirp” every 5 seconds. This indicates that the operator
is in a hard shutdown condition and the reset switch must be activated to reset the operator
and silence the alarm.
4.2.4 RESETTING A HARD SHUTDOWN
When the operator is in a hard shutdown condition (audio alarm activated or audio alarm “chirps”
every 5 seconds), the only way to reset the gate operator and return it to normal operation is to
activate the alarm reset input. An alarm-reset switch can be mounted external of the gate operator
provided that it is installed in the line of sight of the gate and gate operator (see 2.6.1).
•
Before resetting a hard shutdown, determine why the shutdown occurred. Inspect the gate
for any obstructions along its path that could have activated the inherent entrapment sensing
system. Inspect the gate and gate hardware.
•
NOTE: DoorKing operators have a built-in alarm reset push button mounted on the operator
above the power ON-OFF toggle switch. Activating this button will return the gate operator to
normal operation, but will not activate the gate operator.
Once the gate has been reset, an open or close command is needed to start the gate operator. Most
activating commands will cause the gate operator to cycle to the open position. This includes
activation of a key switch or open command and activation of an open loop. Activation of a close
command will run the gate to the closed position.
•
NOTE: The gate operator will not lose its limit settings when a hard shutdown occurs.
41
4.3 MANUAL / EMERGENCY GATE OPERATION
This operator is equipped with a manual release system that will allow the gate to be pushed open in
the event of a power outage or equipment failure.
There are two manual release systems that are available on this gate operator. The standard type
release is the FAIL-SAFE system (required by many city codes), while an optional release is the
FAIL-SECURE system.
NOTE: Never attempt to manually push open any gate with an operator attached to it until you
have verified that power to the operator has been shut-off.
4.3.1 EMERGENCY VEHICLE ACCESS CONDITIONS
The automatic vehicular gate system must be designed to allow access to emergency vehicles under
different operating conditions.
1. During normal powered operation, emergency vehicles access the gate by use of the
emergency vehicle access device installed on your gate system. The type of device that
is used in your community is dependent on your city codes. These devices may include
(but are not limited to) Fire Department lock boxes, Click-2-Enter radio receivers, strobe
light sensors, siren sensors, etc.
2. In the event of a power failure, the emergency vehicle access device may not be
functional because the gate operator is un-powered. If the gate operator is equipped with
a battery back-up system, this system will automatically open the gate when primary (AC)
power is removed. NOTE: DC powered back-up systems are optional and your gate
system may or may not be equipped with one. Check with your installer to determine if
your gate system is equipped with a back-up power system.
3. In the event of a primary (AC) power failure and a back-up system (DC) power failure
(low charged or dead batteries for example), the system must have a release system to
allow the gate to be manually operated. The release device must be accessible from
either side of the gate and must be present so that emergency personnel can gain
access through the gate under this condition.
4.3.2 FAIL-SAFE MANUAL OPERATION
The FAIL-SAFE manual operation system is the most reliable and safest method for placing an
automated gate in manual operation and is the preferred method of emergency gate operation under
worse case conditions by many Fire Chiefs and Building Inspectors and is typically used in CLASS I
and CLASS II applications. This system requires no keys, cranks or other tools for manual gate
operation and is completely automatic. This prevents any delays for emergency vehicle access in the
event that a power outage has occurred.
•
When AC power is removed (power failure or switch power off), the operator "FAILS" in a
"SAFE" condition allowing the gate to be manually pushed open without the need of any
tools, keys, cranks or other devices. This assures emergency vehicle access under the
worst-case conditions.
•
For manual fail-safe gate operation, turn power to the operator OFF. If a backup power
system is in use, be sure that this power is turned OFF also. Once power is OFF, the gate
can be manually operated.
42
4.3.3 FAIL-SECURE MANUAL OPERATION
The FAIL-SECURE option locks the gate when primary (AC) power is removed and requires a keyed
release to place the gate in manual operation. The FAIL-SECURE option is typically used in CLASS
III and CLASS IV applications.
•
Be sure that primary (AC) and backup (DC) power is removed or shut-off prior to placing the
gate operator in manual operation.
•
Insert the manual release key into the keyed release on the side of the gate operator, and
turn it clockwise 1/4 turn. The gate can now be manually operated.
1/4 TURN
43
44
SECTION 5 – MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING
Inspection and service of this gate operator by a qualified technician should be performed anytime a
malfunction is observed or suspected. High cycle usage may require more frequent service checks.
5.1 MAINTENANCE
When servicing the gate operator, always check any secondary (external) reversing devices (loops,
photo eyes, etc.) for proper operation. If external reversing devices cannot be made operable, do not
place this operator in service until the malfunction can be identified and corrected.
Always check the inherent reversing system when performing any maintenance. If the
inherent reversing system cannot be made operable, remove this operator from service until
the cause of the malfunction is identified and corrected. Keeping this operator in service
when the inherent reversing system is malfunctioning creates a hazard for persons which can
result in serious injury or death should they become entrapped in the gate.
When servicing this gate operator, always turn power OFF!!
If gearbox requires oil, use Mobil Oil SHC-624 or equivalent. Do not completely fill gearbox with
oil. Gearbox should be half full only. Do not exceed this level.
MONTHLY
INTERVAL
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
3
Alarm
Battery Backup
Chain
Activate the primary (inherent) reverse system by blocking the gate
with a solid object. When the gate reverses, block the gate in the
opposite direction prior to the limit being reached. The entrapment
alarm should activate. Press the reset button to silence the alarm.
Check operation of battery backup system by turning AC power
OFF.
Check for sagging. Tighten if necessary.
Fire Dept.
Check emergency vehicle access device for proper operation.
Gate
Inspect for damage. Check gate wheels, rollers and guides for
wear and grease if necessary.
Grease
Wheels and guide rollers if necessary.
Loop(s)
Check vehicular reverse and shadow loops for proper operation.
Oil
Primary Reverse
System
Release
Secondary
Reverse Device
Check gearbox oil level.
Check that the gate reverses on contact with an object in both the
opening and closing cycles. Adjust reversing sensitivity if
necessary.
Check manual release for proper operation.
Check that secondary (external) reverse device(s) stop or reverse
the gate when activated.
Sprockets
Check set-screws for tightness.
Complete
Complete check of gate and gate operating system.
45
6
12
5.2 OPERATOR DIAGNOSTICS
This gate operator is designed with built-in diagnostics that will alert you to potential or existing
problems that the microprocessor has detected. Specific fault conditions are checked and the
operator will signal that a fault exist through the built-in alarm.
Constant tone is heard when power is applied:
•
This indicates that the limit switch wire harness is not connected to the circuit board. In this
condition, the operator will not run and the tone will continue until the fault is corrected.
Check to be sure that the limit switch plug is properly inserted into P2.
Constant tone is heard:
•
This indicates that the operator is in a hard shutdown condition (section 4.2.3). The tone will
continue to sound for five minutes, and then will beep once every five seconds. The
operator-reset button must be pressed or power must be removed and then reapplied to
return the operator to normal operation.
Short tone is heard every five seconds:
•
This indicates that the operator has been in a hard shutdown condition in excess of five
minutes. This will continue until the operator-reset button is pressed or until power is
removed from the operator.
Operator runs for 1 second and stops, two short tones are heard:
•
This indicates that there may be a fault with the current sensor circuit.
46
5.3 TROUBLE SHOOTING
Have a good VOM meter to check voltages and continuity. A Meg-Ohm meter capable of checking
up to 500 meg-ohms of resistance is necessary to properly check the integrity of the ground loops.
When a malfunction occurs, isolate the problem to one of three areas: 1) the operator, 2) the loop
system, 3) the keying devices. Use caution when checking high voltage terminals, motor
capacitor and the motor.
1. Check the input indicator LEDs. They should only come ON when a keying device (card
reader, push button, etc.) is activated. If any of the input LEDs are ON continuously, this
will cause the gate operator to hold open. Disconnect the keying devices one at a time
until the LED goes OFF.
2. Check any external secondary entrapment protection devices. Any short or malfunction
in these devices can cause the gate operator to stop or to hold open.
3. A malfunction in a loop or loop detector can cause the gate operator to hold open, or to
not detect a vehicle when it is present over the loop. Pull the loop detector circuit boards
from the loop ports on the operator circuit board. If the malfunction persists, the problem
is not with the loop system. For more information on trouble shooting loops and loop
detectors, refer to your loop detector instruction sheet and to the DoorKing Loop and
Loop Detector Information Manual.
4. Check to be sure that there are no shorted or open control wires from the keying devices
to the gate operator. If a keying device fails to open the gate, momentarily jumper across
terminals 1 and 5 on the gate operator circuit board. If the gate operator starts, this
indicates that a problem exist with the keying device and is not with the gate operator.
5. If a three-button control station (open-close-stop) is connected to this gate operator,
check for proper wiring. Only a DoorKing three button control station (P/N 1200-006) can
be used with this gate operator. Others will cause a malfunction.
6. Check the high voltage supply. A voltage drop on the supply line (usually caused by
using too small supply voltage wires) will cause the operator to malfunction. Refer to the
wire size chart in section 2.1.
TROUBLESHOOTING
SYMPTON
Operator will not
run. Power LED is
OFF.
Operator will not
run. Power LED is
ON.
POSSIBLE SOLUTION(S)
•
Check that power to the operator is turned ON.
•
Transformer may be overheated. Turn power off and allow board to cool for several
minutes then retest. Check for low supply power and low voltage shorts.
•
Check for 115 VAC at terminals 18 and 19. If voltage measures 0, check power. If voltage
measures OK, check the terminal strip or replace the circuit board.
•
If a photo-cell is used as a secondary entrapment prevention device, check to be sure that
the beam is not blocked.
•
Momentarily jumper terminal 1 to terminal 5. If the input LED does not come ON, check
the terminal strip or replace the circuit board. If LED does come ON, proceed to next
steps.
•
Be sure that the chain is not too tight. A too tight chain may cause the operator to stall.
•
Turn power switch OFF and remove the control board.
•
Place a jumper wire from terminal 18 to terminal 17. CAUTION – HIGH VOLTAGE. Turn
the power switch on. The motor should run. Turn the power switch off and remove the
jumper.
•
Place a jumper wire from terminal 18 to terminal 16. CAUTION – HIGH VOLTAGE. Turn
the power switch on. The motor should run in the opposite direction. Turn the power
switch off and remove the jumper.
•
If the motor runs in both steps above, replace the control board. If the motor does not run,
or runs in only one direction, problem can be a bad motor, motor capacitor, wire
connections from the control board to the motor or a bad control board.
47
Gate opens a short
distance, then
stops and reverses.
Gate opens but will
not close.
Gate closes but will
not open.
•
Disconnect the gate from the gate operator and check that the gate slides freely without
any binding.
•
Re-adjust the open reverse sensitivity.
•
Replace the circuit board.
•
Check the input LEDs. Any ON will hold the gate open and indicates a problem with a
keying device.
•
Check the secondary safety devices. Any activated will hold the gate open and indicates a
problem with the safety device.
•
Check the loop detectors. Any activated can hold the gate open and indicates a problem
with the loop detector or ground loop.
•
Operator may be in a “soft shutdown.” Activate any keying device to determine if operator
returns to normal operation.
•
If automatic close is desired, be sure SW-1, switch 2 is ON.
•
Check motor as described on previous page.
•
Operator may be in a “soft shutdown.” Check input LED on terminal 5. If it is ON,
momentarily disconnect, then re-connect the wire going to the terminal. Operator should
open.
•
Check to be sure that the operator is running in the proper direction. Turn power OFF, and
then back ON. Activate a keying device. Operator should run in the open direction. If
operator runs in the close direction, turn power OFF and change direction switch SW-1,
switch 1. Go to above section if operator now opens but will not close.
•
Be sure that the respective LED on the control board lights when the keying device
connected to the respective terminal is activated. If LED does not light, momentarily place
a jumper wire from terminal 1 to the input terminal being checked. If LED lights and gate
opens, problem is with the keying device. If LED does not light, replace control board.
•
Check motor as described on previous page.
•
Re-adjust the close reverse sensitivity.
•
Disconnect the gate from the operator and check that the gate operates freely without any
binding.
•
Check the loop detector LEDs and input LEDs. Any that flash ON will cause the gate to
reverse.
•
Replace the circuit board.
Gate closes and
then re-opens.
•
Check for any input or loop detector LEDs that are ON.
•
Check that the operator is running in the proper direction (see “gate closes but will not
open” above).
Entrapment alarm
is sounding.
Operator will not
run.
•
Operator is in a “hard shutdown” condition. Reset switch must be activated to return
operator to normal operation.
•
Check gate and gate hardware for any binding – correct where necessary.
•
Gate may be too heavy.
Entrapment alarm
sounds a short
beep every 5
seconds.
•
Operator has been in a “hard shutdown” condition in excess of 5 minutes. Reset switch
must be activated to return operator to normal operation.
Entrapment alarm
activates when
power is applied
and operator will
not run.
•
The limit switch wire harness is not plugged into the circuit board. Check that the limit
switch connector is properly plugged into P2 on the circuit board.
Operator runs for 1
second and stops,
two short beeps
are heard.
•
There may be a problem with the current sensor on the circuit board. Replace the circuit
board.
Gate starts to
close, then
reverses to open.
48
P1
ALARM
9300
WIRE DIAGRAM
ALARM
RESET
WHITE
1
RED
2
3
WHITE
4
YELLOW
CONVENIENCE OUTLETS
5
6
SOLENOID
7
MOTOR
9
CAPACITOR
RED
BLUE
BLACK
10
WHITE
WHITE
BLACK
8
11
12
(on circuit board)
14
RED
Current
Sensor
BLUE
WHITE
13
15
16
POWER
ON-OFF
115 VAC HOT
17
BLACK
VIOLET
NEUTRAL
19
GREEN
20
CLOSE
COM
OPEN
N.O.
COM
N.C.
N.O.
P2
N.C.
BLUE
1
YELLOW
2
3
WHITE
GROUND
WHITE
18
4
WHITE
49
5
5.4 ACCESSORIES
The following accessory items can be used with the model 9300 slide gate operator.
Contact Sensor
Photo Cell
Loop Detector
Loop Wire
Pre-Fab Loops
Loop Test Meter
Control Station
Time Clock
Surge Devices
Gate Scale
Speed Bumps
Nickel Chain
Stainless Chain
Contact sensors for use as a secondary entrapment protection device.
Miller Edge, Inc. ME120, ME123, MG020, MGR20, MGS20
Non-contact (photo cells) sensors for use as a secondary entrapment
protection device.
P/N 8080-010 – Infrared thru-beam, 165 foot sensing distance.
P/N 8080-011 – Photo-reflective beam, 30 foot sensing distance.
Detectors plug directly into ports on circuit board simplifying wiring.
P/N 9405-010 - Single channel detector.
P/N 9406-010 - Two channel detector
18 AWG loop wire with XLPE insulation is ideal for ground loops.
Available in 500 and 1000 foot rolls with red, blue or black insulation.
Prefabricated ground loops. 24-foot circumference with 50-foot lead-in.
Available in yellow, red or blue jackets. Not for use in asphalt roadways.
Meg-ohm meter checks the integrity of ground loops.
P/N 9401-045
Three button interior and exterior control stations provide manual openclose-stop gate operation.
P/N 1200-006 – Exterior / Interior
7 day and 365 day time clocks can be used to automatically open gate at
pre-set time and days. Compact clock fits inside the operator.
P/N 2600-791 – 7-day clock.
P/N 2600-795 – 365-day clock.
High and low voltage surge suppressers help prevent circuit board failure
caused by lightning strikes and power surges.
P/N 1876-010 - High Voltage.
P/N 1878-010 - Low Voltage.
Use to test ft/pounds required to move gate. P/N 2600-225
Prefabricated six-foot speed bump reduces traffic speed through gate
system. P/N 1610-150
Nickel plated chain.
P/N 2600-443 (10 ft. #41)
P/N 2600-444 (10 ft. #40)
Stainless steel chain.
P/N 2600-475 (20 ft. #41)
50
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