Configuration Devices for Features SRAM-Based LUT Devices

Configuration Devices for Features SRAM-Based LUT Devices
Configuration Devices for
®
December 2002, ver. 12.2
Features
Data Sheet
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Altera Corporation
DS-EPROM-12.2
SRAM-Based LUT Devices
Serial device family for configuring APEXTM II, APEX 20K (including
APEX 20K, APEX 20KC, and APEX 20KE), MercuryTM, ACEX® 1K,
and FLEX® (FLEX 6000, FLEX 10KE, and FLEX 10KA) devices
Easy-to-use 4-pin interface to APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX,
and FLEX devices
Low current during configuration and near-zero standby current
5.0-V and 3.3-V operation
Software design support with the Altera® Quartus® II and
MAX+PLUS® II development systems for Windows-based PCs as
well as Sun SPARCstation, and HP 9000 Series 700/800
Programming support with Altera’s Master Programming Unit
(MPU) and programming hardware from Data I/O,
BP Microsystems, and other manufacturers
Available in compact plastic packages (see Figures 1 and 2)
–
8-pin plastic dual in-line package (PDIP)
–
20-pin plastic J-lead chip carrier (PLCC) package
–
32-pin plastic thin quad flat pack (TQFP) package
–
100-pin plastic thin quad flat pack (TQPF) package
–
88-pin Ultra FineLine BGATM package
EPC2 device has reprogrammable Flash configuration memory
–
5.0-V and 3.3-V in-system programmability (ISP) through the
built-in IEEE Std. 1149.1 Joint Test Action Group (JTAG)
interface
–
Built-in JTAG boundary-scan test (BST) circuitry compliant with
IEEE Std. 1149.1
–
ISP circuitry is compatible with IEEE Std. 1532 for EPC2
configuration device
–
Supports programming through Serial Vector Format Files
(.svf), JamTM Standard Test and Programming Language
(STAPL) Files (.jam), Jam STAPL Byte-Code Files (.jbc), and the
MAX+PLUS II software via the MasterBlasterTM,
ByteBlasterMVTM, or BitBlasterTM download cable
–
nINIT_CONF pin allows a JTAG instruction to initiate device
configuration
–
Can be programmed with Programmer Object Files (.pof) for
EPC1 and EPC1441 devices
–
Available in 20-pin PLCC and 32-pin TQFP packages
1
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
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EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 configuration devices have reprogrammable
Flash configuration memory with density up to 16,000,000 or
32,000,000 bits with compression feature in these devices.
For detailed information on configuration devices, refer to the Enhanced
Configuration Devices (EPC4, EPC8, & EPC16) Data Sheet.
DATA
1
8
VCC
3
2
1
20
N.C.
VCC
N.C.
DATA
N.C.
DATA
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
VCC
N.C.
N.C.
Note (1)
N.C.
Figure 1. EPC1, EPC1441, EPC1213, EPC1064, & EPC1064V Package Pin-Out Diagrams
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
N.C.
N.C.
1
DCLK
2
23
VCC
N.C.
3
22
N.C.
DCLK
4
19
18
VCC
N.C.
4
21
N.C.
N.C.
5
17
N.C.
N.C.
5
20
N.C.
6
16
N.C.
N.C.
6
19
N.C.
4
5
GND
OE
8
14
13
N.C.
N.C.
8
N.C.
9
10
11
12
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
17
16
N.C.
N.C.
nCS
N.C.
18
N.C.
7
N.C.
OE
N.C.
N.C.
GND
15
nCS
7
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
nCASC (2)
(2) nCASC
VCC
6
N.C.
7
3
nCS
2
OE
GND
DCLK
N.C.
8-Pin PDIP
20-Pin PLCC
32-Pin TQFP
EPC1
EPC1441
EPC1213
EPC1064
EPC1064V
EPC1
EPC1441
EPC1213
EPC1064
EPC1064V
EPC1441
EPC1064
EPC1064V
Notes to Figure 1:
(1)
(2)
2
EPC1, EPC1441, EPC1213, and EPC1064 devices are one-time programmable devices. ISP programming is not
available in these devices because they do not have JTAG pins.
The nCASC pin is available on EPC1 and EPC1213 devices. On the EPC1064, EPC1064V, and EPC1441 devices, it is
a reserved pin and should not be connected.
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
TMS
VCC
TDO
TMS
N.C.
TDO
N.C.
N.C.
VCC
27 26
25
24
N.C.
DCLK
2
23
VPP
VCCSEL
3
22
N.C.
N.C.
4
21
N.C.
5
17
N.C.
N.C.
5
20
N.C.
N.C.
VCCSEL
1
30 29 28
VPP
4
2
32 31
1
20 19
18
DCLK
3
DATA
TCK
N.C.
DATA
TCK
Figure 2. EPC2 Package Pin-Out Diagrams
N.C.
8
17
15 16
nINIT_CONF
10 11
TDI
9
VPPSEL
10
11
12
13
14
32-Pin TQFP
20-Pin PLCC
Functional
Description
9
N.C.
VPPSEL
nINIT_CONF
14
12 13
nCASC
8
N.C.
OE
TDI
18
GND
19
7
N.C.
6
OE
nCS
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
15
nCASC
16
7
nCS
6
GND
N.C.
N.C.
With SRAM-based devices, configuration data must be reloaded each
time the system initializes, or when new configuration data is needed.
Altera configuration devices store configuration data for SRAM-based
APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX, and FLEX devices. Table 1 lists
Altera configuration devices.
Table 1. Configuration Devices
Device
EPC16
Description
16,000,000 × 1 bit with 3.3-V operation
EPC8
8,000,000 × 1 bit with 3.3-V operation
EPC4
4,000,000 × 1-bit device with 3.3-V operation
EPC2
1,695,680 × 1-bit device with 5.0-V or 3.3-V operation
EPC1 (1)
1,046,496 × 1-bit device with 5.0-V or 3.3-V operation
EPC1441 (1)
440,800 × 1-bit device with 5.0-V or 3.3-V operation
EPC1213 (1)
212,942 × 1-bit device with 5.0-V operation
EPC1064 (1)
65,536 × 1-bit device with 5.0-V operation
EPC1064V
65,536 × 1-bit device with 3.3-V operation
Note to Table 1:
(1)
Altera Corporation
These devices are one-time programable.
3
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 2 lists the configuration device used with each APEX II, APEX 20K,
Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX device.
Table 2. Configuration Devices Used for Each APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX & FLEX Device
(Part 1 of 2)
Family
APEX II
(1.5 V)
Mercury
(1.8 V)
Device
Data Size EPC1064 EPC1213 EPC1441 EPC1 EPC2 EPC4 EPC8 EPC16
(Bits)
EPC1064V
EP2A15
4,714,000
3
1
1
EP2A25
6,276,000
4
1
1
EP2A40
9,612,000
6
1
1
EP2A70
17,390,000
11
EP1M120
1,297,000
1
EP1M350
1
1
1
1
4,383,000
3
1
1
APEX 20KC EP20K200C
(1.8 V)
EP20K400C
1,964,000
2
1
1
1
3,901,000
3
1
1
1
EP20K600C
5,564,000
4
1
1
EP20K1000C
8,938,000
6
1
1
APEX 20KE EP20K30E
(1.8 V)
EP20K60E
APEX 20K
(2.5 V)
ACEX 1K
(2.5 V)
4
347,000
1
1
1
1
1
641,000
1
1
1
1
1
EP20K100E
1,009,000
1
1
1
1
1
EP20K160E
1,523,000
1
1
1
1
EP20K200E
1,964,000
2
1
1
1
EP20K300E
2,733,000
2
1
1
1
EP20K400E
3,901,000
3
1
1
1
EP20K600E
5,564,000
4
1
1
EP20K1000E
8,938,000
6
1
1
EP20K1500E 12,011,000
8
1
1
EP20K100
985,000
EP20K200
EP20K400
1
1
1
1
1
1
1,950,000
2
1
1
1
3,878,000
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
EP1K10
178,000
1
1
EP1K30
470,000
1
1
1
1
1
EP1K50
785,000
1
1
1
1
1
EP1K100
1,337,000
1
1
1
1
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 2. Configuration Devices Used for Each APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX & FLEX Device
(Part 2 of 2)
Family
Device
Data Size EPC1064 EPC1213 EPC1441 EPC1 EPC2 EPC4 EPC8 EPC16
(Bits)
EPC1064V
FLEX 10KE EPF10K30E
(2.5 V)
EPF10K50E
470,000
1
1
1
1
1
785,000
1
1
1
1
1
EPF10K50S
785,000
1
1
1
1
1
EPF10K100B 1,2000,000
1
1
1
1
EPF10K100E
1,336,000
1
1
1
1
EPF10K130E
1,840,000
2
1
1
1
EPF10K200E
2,757,000
2
1
1
1
EPF10K200S
2,757,000
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
402,000
1
1
1
1
1
1
621,000
1
1
1
1
1
1
1,200,000
1
1
1
1
1
EPF10K130V
1,582,000
1
1
1
1
1
EPF10K250A
3,292,000
2
1
1
1
FLEX 10KA EPF10K10A
(3.3 V)
EPF10K30A
120,000
EPF10K50V
EPF10K100A
FLEX 10K
(5.0 V)
FLEX
6000/A
(3.3 V)
FLEX
8000A
(5.0 V)
EPF10K10
118,000
EPF10K20
EPF10K30
EPF10K40
EPF10K50
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
231,000
1
1
1
1
1
1
376,000
1
1
1
1
1
1
498,000
1
1
1
1
1
621,000
1
1
1
1
1
EPF10K70
893,000
1
1
1
1
1
EPF10K100
1,200,000
1
1
1
1
EPF6010A
260,000
1
1
EPF6016
(5.0 V) /
EPF6016A
260,000
1
1
EPF6024A
398,000
1
1
EPF8282A /
EPF8282AV
(3.3 V)
40,000
1
1
1
1
EPF8452A
64,000
1
1
1
1
EPF8636A
96,000
1
1
1
EPF8820A
128,000
1
1
1
EPF81188A
192,000
1
1
1
EPF1500A
250,000
1
1
Altera Corporation
1
5
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Figure 3 shows the configuration device block diagram.
Figure 3. Configuration Device Block Diagram
PLD (except FLEX 8000) Configuration Using an EPC2, EPC1, or EPC1441 (1)
DCLK
CLK
ENA
nRESET
Oscillator
Oscillator
Control
Address
Counter
Address
Decode
Logic
nCASC (2)
nCS
OE (3)
Error
Detection
Circuitry
EPROM
Array
DATA
Shift
Register
DATA
FLEX 8000 Device Configuration Using an EPC1, EPC1441, EPC1213, EPC1064, or EPC1064V
DCLK
CLK
ENA
nRESET
Address
Counter
Address
Decode
Logic
nCASC (2)
nCS
OE
EPROM
Array
DATA
Shift
Register
DATA
Notes to Figure 3:
(1)
(2)
(3)
6
Do not use EPC2 devices to configure FLEX 6000 devices.
The EPC1441, EPC1064, and EPC1064V devices do not support data cascading. The EPC2, EPC1, and EPC1213
devices support data cascading.
The OE pin is a bidirectional open-drain pin.
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Device
Configuration
The control signals for configuration devices—nCS, OE, and DCLK—
interface directly with APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX
device control signals. All APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and
FLEX devices can be configured by a configuration device without
requiring an external intelligent controller.
The configuration device’s OE and nCS pins control the tri-state buffer on
the DATA output pin, and enable the address counter (and the oscillator in
EPC4, EPC 8, EPC16, EPC2, EPC1, and EPC1441 devices). When OE is
driven low, the configuration device resets the address counter and tristates its DATA pin. The nCS pin controls the output of the configuration
device. If nCS is held high after the OE reset pulse, the counter is disabled
and the DATA output pin is tri-stated. When nCS is driven low, the counter
and DATA output pin are enabled. When OE is driven low again, the
address counter is reset and the DATA output pin is tri-stated, regardless
of the state of nCS.
1
The EPC4, EPC8, EPC16, EPC2, EPC1, and EPC1441 devices
determine the operation mode and whether the APEX 20K,
Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, FLEX 8000, or FLEX 6000
protocols should be used when OE is driven high.
When the configuration device has driven out all of its data and has
driven nCASC low, the device tri-states the DATA pin to avoid contention
with other configuration devices.
The EPC2 device allows the user to initiate configuration of the PLD via
an additional pin, nINIT_CONF, that can be tied to the nCONFIG pin of the
PLD(s) to be configured. A JTAG instruction causes the EPC4, EPC8,
EPC16, and EPC2 device to drive nINIT_CONF low, which in turn pulls
nCONFIG low. The EPC4, EPC8, EPC16, and EPC2 device then drives
nINIT_CONF high to start configuration. When the JTAG state machine
exits this state, nINIT_CONF releases nCONFIG and configuration is
initiated.
1
Altera Corporation
An EPC4, EPC8, EPC16, and EPC2 device can be programmed
with a POF generated for an EPC1 or EPC1441 device, however,
an EPC2 device cannot configure FLEX 6000 or FLEX 8000
devices. An EPC1 device can be programmed using a POF
generated for an EPC1441 device.
7
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000
Device Configuration
APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX devices can be configured with
EPC4, EPC8, EPC16, EPC2, EPC1, or EPC1441 devices. FLEX 6000 devices
can be configured with EPC1 or EPC1441 devices. APEX II devices can be
configured with EPC2, EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 devices. The EPC4, EPC8,
EPC16, EPC2, EPC1, or EPC1441 device stores configuration data in its
EPROM array and serially clocks data out with an internal oscillator. The
OE, nCS, and DCLK pins supply the control signals for the address counter
and the output tri-state buffer. The configuration device sends a serial
bitstream of configuration data to its DATA pin, which is routed to the
DATA0 or DATA input pin on the LUT-based PLD device. Figure 4 shows
an LUT-based PLD configured with a single EPC2, EPC1, or EPC1441
device.
8
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Figure 4. ACEX 1K, APEX 20K, APEX II, FLEX 10K, FLEX 6000, or Mercury Device Configured with an EPC2,
EPC1, or EPC1441 Configuration Device
Note (1)
APEX II, ACEX 1K, Mercury, APEX 20KC,
APEX 20K & FLEX 10K Devices
VCC
(2)
LUT-Based PLD (3)
VCC
VCC
(2)
(2)
DCLK
DATA
OE
nCS
nINIT_CONF (4)
DCLK
DATA0
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCONFIG
nCEO
MSEL0
MSEL1
Configuration
Device
(5)
nCE
GND
GND
VCC
APEX 20KE Devices
(2)
APEX 20KE PLD (7)
VCCINT (6)
VCC
(2)
(2)
Configuration
Device
DCLK
DATA
OE
nCS
nINIT_CONF (4)
DCLK
DATA0
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCONFIG
(8)
nCEO
MSEL0
MSEL1
GND
(5)
nCE
GND
Notes to Figure 4:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
Do not use EPC2 devices to configure FLEX 6000 devices.
The pull-up resistor should be connected to the same supply voltage as the configuration device. All pull-up
resistors are 1 kΩ. APEX 20KE pull up resistors are 10 kΩ. The OE, nCS, and nINIT_CONF pins on EPC2, EPC4,
EPC8, and EPC16 devices have internal, user-configurable 1-kΩ pull-up resistors. If internal pull-up resistors are
used, external pull-up resistors should not be used on these pins. The Quartus II software uses the internal pull-up
resistors by default. To turn off the internal pull-up resistors, check the Disable nCS and OE pull-ups on configuration
device option when generating programming files.
The diagram shows an APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX device, which has MSEL0 and MSEL1
tied to ground. For FLEX 6000 devices, MSEL is tied to ground, and the DATA0 pin is named DATA. EPC4, EPC8,
EPC16, and EPC2 configuration devices cannot be used with FLEX 6000 devices. All other connections are the same
for APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX devices.
The nINIT_CONF pin is only available on EPC2, EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 devices and has an internal pull up of 1 kΩ
that is always active. If nINIT_CONF is not available or not used, nCONFIG must be pulled to VCC either directly or
through a 1-kΩ resistor.
The nCEO pin is left unconnected.
To ensure successful configuration between APEX 20KE and configuration devices in all possible power-up
sequences, pull up nCONFIG to VCCINT.
This diagram is for APEX 20KE devices only.
To isolate the 1.8-V and 3.3-V power supplies when configuration APEX 20KE devices, add a diode between the
APEX 20KE device’s nCONFIG pin and the configuration device’s nINIT_CONF pin. Select a diode with a threshold
voltage (VT) less than or equal to 0.7 V. The diode will make the nINIT_CONF pin an open-drain pin; the pin will
only be able to drive low or tri-state.
Altera Corporation
9
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 3 describes EPC2, EPC1, and EPC1441 pin functions during
APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX device configuration.
For information on EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 devices, refer to Enhanced
Configuration Devices (EPC4, EPC8, & EPC16) Data Sheet.
Table 3. EPC2, EPC1, & EPC1441 Pin Functions During APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K
& FLEX 6000 Configuration (Part 1 of 3)
Notes (1), (2)
Pin Name
Pin Number
8-Pin
PDIP (3)
20-Pin 32-Pin
PLCC TQFP (4)
Pin
Type
Description
DATA
1
2
31
Output
Serial data output. The DATA pin is tri-stated before
configuration when the nCS pin is high, and after the
configuration device finishes sending its configuration
data. This operation is independent of the device’s
position in the cascade chain.
DCLK
2
4
2
I/O
DCLK is a clock output when configuring with a single
configuration device or when the configuration device is
the first device in a configuration device chain. DCLK is
a clock input for subsequent configuration devices in a
configuration device chain. Rising edges on DCLK
increment the internal address counter and present the
next bit of data to the DATA pin. The counter is
incremented only if the OE input is held high, the nCS
input is held low, and all configuration data has not
been transferred to the target device. When configuring
with the first EPC2 or EPC1 device in a configuration
device chain or with a single EPC1441 device, the
DCLK pin drives low after configuration is complete or
when OE is low.
OE (5)
3
8
7
OpenDrain
I/O
Output enable (active high) and reset (active low). A
low logic level resets the address counter. A high logic
level enables DATA and permits the address counter to
count. If this pin is low (reset) during configuration, the
internal oscillator becomes inactive and DCLK drives
low. See “Error Detection Circuitry” on page 23.
nCS (5)
4
9
10
Input
Chip select input (active low). A low input allows DCLK
to increment the address counter and enables DATA to
drive out. If the EPC1 or EPC2 is reset with nCS low, the
device initializes as the first device in a configuration
chain. If the EPC1 or EPC2 device is reset with nCS
high, the device initializes as the subsequent device in
the chain.
10
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 3. EPC2, EPC1, & EPC1441 Pin Functions During APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K
& FLEX 6000 Configuration (Part 2 of 3)
Notes (1), (2)
Pin Name
Pin Number
8-Pin
PDIP (3)
nCASC (6)
20-Pin 32-Pin
PLCC TQFP (4)
Pin
Type
Description
6
12
15
Output
Cascade select output (active low). This output goes
low when the address counter has reached its
maximum value. In a chain of EPC1 or EPC2 devices,
the nCASC pin of one device is connected to the nCS pin
of the next device, which permits DCLK to clock data
from the next EPC1 or EPC2 device in the chain.
nINIT_CONF –
(5), (7)
13
16
OpenDrain
Output
Allows the INIT_CONF JTAG instruction to initiate
configuration. This pin is connected to the nCONFIG pin
of the LUT device to initiate configuration from the
EPC2 via a JTAG instruction. If multiple EPC2 devices
are used to configure an ACEX, APEX, FLEX or
Mercury device, only the first EPC2 has its
nINIT_CONF pin tied to the device’s nCONFIG pin.
TDI (7)
–
11
13
Input
JTAG data input pin. Connect this pin to VCC if the
JTAG circuitry is not used.
TDO (7)
–
1
28
Output
JTAG data output pin. Do not connect this pin if the
JTAG circuitry is not used.
TMS (7)
–
19
25
Input
JTAG mode select pin. Connect this pin to VCC if the
JTAG circuitry is not used.
TCK (7)
–
3
32
Input
JTAG clock pin. Connect this pin to ground if the JTAG
circuitry is not used.
VCCSEL (7)
–
5
3
Input
Mode select for VCC supply. VCCSEL must be
connected to ground if the device uses a 5.0-V power
supply (i.e., VCC = 5.0 V). VCCSEL must be connected
to VCC if the device uses a 3.3-V power supply (i.e.,
VCC = 3.3 V).
VPPSEL (7)
–
14
17
Input
Mode select for VPP. VPPSEL must be connected to
ground if VPP uses a 5.0-V power supply
(i.e., VPP = 5.0 V). VPPSEL must be connected to VCC
if VPP uses a 3.3-V power supply (i.e, VPP = 3.3 V).
VPP (7)
–
18
23
Power
Programming power pin. For the EPC2 device, this pin
is normally tied to VCC. If the EPC2 VCC is 3.3 V, VPP
can be tied to 5.0 V to improve in-system programming
times. For EPC1 and EPC1441 devices, VPP must be
tied to VCC.
Altera Corporation
11
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 3. EPC2, EPC1, & EPC1441 Pin Functions During APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K
& FLEX 6000 Configuration (Part 3 of 3)
Notes (1), (2)
Pin Name
Pin Number
8-Pin
PDIP (3)
20-Pin 32-Pin
PLCC TQFP (4)
Pin
Type
Description
VCC
7, 8
20
27
Power
GND
5
10
12
Ground Ground pin. A 0.2-µF decoupling capacitor must be
placed between the VCC and GND pins.
Power pin.
Notes to Table 3:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
Do not use EPC2 devices to configure FLEX 6000 devices.
Pin-out information for EPC8 and EPC16 configuration devices, please refer to each respective data sheet.
This package is available for EPC1 and EPC1441 devices only.
This package is available for EPC2 and EPC1441 devices only.
The OE, nCS, and nINIT_CONF pins on EPC2 devices have internal, user-configurable 1-kΩ pull-up resistors. If
internal pull-up resistors are used, external pull-up resistors should not be used on these pins.
The EPC1441 device does not support data cascading. EPC2 and EPC1 devices support data cascading.
This pin applies to the EPC2 device only.
APEX II, APEX 20K, Merucry, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000
Device Configuration with Multiple EPC2 or EPC1 Configuration
Devices
When configuration data for APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K,
and FLEX devices exceeds the capacity of a single EPC2 or EPC1
configuration device, multiple EPC2 or EPC1 devices can be cascaded
together. If multiple EPC2 or EPC1 devices are required, the nCASC and
nCS pins provide handshaking between the devices.
1
12
EPC8 and EPC16 configuration devices cannot be cascaded
together. The EPC1441 device does not support data cascading.
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
When configuring APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and
FLEX 10K devices with cascaded EPC2 or EPC1 devices, the position of
the EPC2 or EPC1 device in the chain determines its operation. Similarly,
when configuring FLEX 6000 devices with cascaded EPC1 devices, the
position of the EPC1 device in the chain determines its operation. When
the first or master device in a configuration device chain is powered-up or
reset and the nCS pin is driven low, the master device controls
configuration. The master device supplies all clock pulses to one or more
LUT-based PLDs and to any subsequent slave devices during
configuration. The master EPC2 or EPC1 device also provides the first
stream of data to the LUT-based PLD during multi-device configuration.
After the master EPC2 or EPC1 device finishes sending configuration
data, the master EPC2 or EPC1 device drives its nCASC pin low, which
drives the nCS pin of the first slave EPC2 or EPC1 device low. This action
causes the slave EPC2 or EPC1 device to send configuration data to the
LUT-based PLDs.
The master EPC2 or EPC1 device clocks all subsequent slave devices until
configuration is complete. Once all configuration data is transferred and
the nCS pin on the master EPC2 or EPC1 device is driven high by the LUTbased PLD’s CONF_DONE pin, the master EPC2 or EPC1 device clocks 16
additional cycles to initialize the LUT-based PLD(s). The master EPC2 or
EPC1 device then goes into zero-power (idle) state. If nCS on the master
EPC2 or EPC1 device is driven high before all configuration data is
transferred, or if nCS is not driven high after all configuration data is
transferred, the master EPC2 or EPC1 device drives the APEX 20K,
Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX device’s nSTATUS pin low, indicating a
configuration error.
Configuration automatically restarts if the project is compiled with the
Auto-Restart Configuration on Frame Error option turned on in the
MAX+PLUS II software’s Global Project Device Options dialog box
(Assign menu).
Figure 5 shows an APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, or
FLEX 6000 device configured with two EPC2 or EPC1 devices. Additional
EPC2 or EPC1 devices can be added by connecting nCASC to nCS of the
subsequent slave EPC2 or EPC1 device in the chain and connecting DCLK,
DATA, and OE in parallel.
1
Altera Corporation
A mixture of APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, and
FLEX 6000 devices can be configured in the same chain. A
mixture of FLEX 10K, FLEX 10KA, FLEX 10KE, and 5.0-V and
3.3-V FLEX 6000 devices can be configured in the same chain. See
“Configuration Chain with Multiple Voltage Levels” on page 25.
13
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Figure 5. APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, or FLEX 6000 Device Configured with Two EPC2
or EPC1 Configuration Devices
Note (1)
APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K,
FLEX 10K, or FLEX 6000 Devices
VCC
VCC
(2, 3)
(2, 3)
LUT-Based PLD (4)
DCLK
DATA
OE
nCS nCASC (5)
nINIT_CONF (6)
DCLK
DATA0
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCONFIG
MSEL0
MSEL1
Configuration
Device 1
Configuration
Device 2
DCLK
DATA
nCS
OE
nCE
GND
GND
(7)
VCC
APEX 20KE Devices
APEX 20KE Device
(2)
VCCINT
VCC
(2)
(2)
DCLK
DATA
OE
nCS
nINIT_CONF (6)
DCLK
DATA0
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCONFIG
nCEO
MSEL0
MSEL1
GND
Configuration
Device
N.C. (9)
(8)
nCE
GND
Notes to Figure 5:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(9)
Do not use EPC2 devices to configure FLEX 6000 devices.
The pull-up resistor should be connected to the same supply voltage as the configuration device.
All pull-up resistors are 1 kΩ (APEX 20KE pull-resistors are 10 kΩ). The OE and nCS pins on EPC2 devices have
internal, user-configurable 1-kΩ pull-up resistors. If internal pull-up resistors are used, external pull-up resistors
should not be used on these pins.
The diagram shows an APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX device, which has MSEL0 and MSEL1
tied to ground. For FLEX 6000 devices, MSEL is tied to ground, and the DATA0 pin is named DATA. EPC8, EPC16,
and EPC2 devices cannot be used with FLEX 6000 devices. All other connections are the same for FLEX 6000
devices. The Quartus II software uses the internal pull-up resistors by default. To turn off the internal pull-up
resistors, check the Disable nCS and OE pull-ups on configuration device option when generating programming files.
EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 devices cannot be cascaded.
The nINIT_CONF pin is only available on EPC2 devices and has an internal pull up of 1 kΩ that is always active. If
nINIT_CONF is not available or not used, nCONFIG must be pulled to V CC either directly or through a 1-kΩ resistor.
To ensure successful configuration between APEX 20KE and configuration devices in all possible power-up
sequences, pull up nCONFIG to V CCINT.
To isolate the 1.8-V and 3.3-V power supplies when configuring APEX 20KE devices, add a diode between the
APEX 20KE device’s nCONFIG pin and the configuration device’s nINIT_CONF pin. Select a diode with a threshold
voltage (V T ) less than or equal to 0.7 V. The diode will make the nINIT_CONF pin an open-drain pin; the pin will
only be able to drive low or tri-state.
The nCEO pin is left unconnected.
14
Altera Corporation
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Figure 6 shows two APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, and FLEX
devices configured with two EPC2 or EPC1 devices.
Figure 6. Two ACEX 1K, APEX 20K, APEX II, FLEX 10K, FLEX 6000, or Mercury Devices Configured with Two
EPC2 or EPC1 Configuration Devices
Note (1)
VCC
APEX II, ACEX 1K, Mercury, APEX 20KC,
APEX 20K, FLEX 10K, & FLEX 6000 Devices
LUT-Based PLD (3)
MSEL0
MSEL1
VCC
VCC
(2)
(2)
(2)
Configuration
Device 1
DCLK
DATA
OE
nCS nCASC (4)
nINIT_CONF (5)
LUT-Based PLD (3)
DCLK
DATA0
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCONFIG
MSEL0
MSEL1
DCLK
DATA0
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCONFIG
Configuration
Device 2
DCLK
DATA
nCS
OE
GND
GND
nCEO
nCE
nCE
GND
VCC
VCC
APEX 20KE Devices
VCCINT (6)
(2)
APEX 20KE PLD (7)
MSEL0
MSEL1
MSEL0
MSEL1
DCLK
DATA0
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCONFIG
GND
nCE
(2)
Configuration
Device 1
DCLK
DATA
OE
nCS nCASC (4)
nINIT_CONF (5)
APEX 20KE PLD (7)
DCLK
DATA0
nSTATUS
CONF_DONE
nCONFIG
GND
(2)
Configuration
Device 2
DCLK
DATA
nCS
OE
(8)
nCEO
nCE
GND
Altera Corporation
15
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Notes to Figure 6:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
Do not use EPC2 devices to configure FLEX 6000 devices.
The pull-up resistor should be connected to the same supply voltage as the configuration device. All pull-up
resistors are 1 kΩ (APEX 20KE pull-resistors are 10 kΩ). The OE and nCS pins on EPC2 devices have internal, userconfigurable 1-kΩ pull-up resistors. If internal pull-up resistors are used, external pull-up resistors should not be
used on these pins. The Quartus II software uses the internal pull-up resistors by default. To turn off the internal
pull-up resistors, check the Disable nCS and OE pull-ups on configuration device option when generating programming
files.
The diagram shows an APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, or FLEX 10K device, which has MSEL0 and MSEL1
tied to ground. For FLEX 6000 devices, MSEL is tied to ground, and the DATA0 pin is named DATA. EPC2 cannot be
used with FLEX 6000 devices. All other connections are the same for FLEX 6000 devices.
EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 devices cannot be cascaded.
The nINIT_CONF pin is only available on EPC2 devices and has an internal pull up of 1 kΩ that is always active. If
nINIT_CONF is not available or not used, nCONFIG must be pulled to V CC either directly or through a 1-kΩ resistor.
To ensure successful configuration between APEX 20KE and configuration devices in all possible power-up
sequences, pull up nCONFIG to V CCINT.
This diagram is for APEX 20KE devices only.
To isolate the 1.8-V and 3.3-V power supplies when configuration APEX 20KE devices, add a diode between the
APEX 20KE device’s nCONFIG pin and the configuration device’s nINIT_CONF pin. Select a diode with a threshold
voltage (V T) less than or queal to 0.7 V. The diode will make the nINIT_CONF pin an open-drain pin; the pin will
only be able to drive low or tri-state.
f
For more information on APEX 20K, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, or FLEX 6000
device configuration, see Application Note 116 (Configuring ACEX 1K,
APEX 20K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000 Devices).
Figure 7 shows the timing waveform for the configuration device scheme.
Figure 7. Configuration Device Scheme Timing Waveform
nINIT_CONF or VCC/nCONFIG
tPOR
OE/nSTATUS
nCS/CONF_DONE
DCLK
DATA
tDSU
tCL
D0
D1
tCH
tDH
tOEZX
D2
D3
(1)
Dn
tCO
User I/O
Tri-State
User Mode
Tri-State
INIT_DONE
(2)
Notes to Figure 7:
(1)
(2)
The configuration devivce will drive DATA low after configuration.
APEX II and APEX 20K devices (except EP2A70 devices) enter user mode 40 clock cycles after CONF_DONE goes
high. EP2A70 devices enter user mode 72 clock cycles after CONF_DONE goes high. FLEX 10K and FLEX 6000 devices
enter user mode 10 clock cycles after CONF_DONE goes high. Mercury devices enter user mode 136 clock cycles after
CONF_DONE goes high.
16
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 4 defines the APEX 20K, FLEX 10K, and FLEX 6000 timing
parameters when using EPC2 devices at 3.3 V.
Table 4. APEX 20K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000 Timing Parameters using EPC2
Devices at 3.3 V
Note (1)
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Units
tPOR
POR delay (2)
200
ms
tOEZX
OE high to DATA output enabled
80
ns
tCH
DCLK high time
40
100
ns
tCL
DCLK low time
40
100
ns
tDSU
Data setup time before rising edge on
DCLK
30
tDH
Data hold time after rising edge on DCLK
0
tCO
DCLK to DATA out
tOEW
OE low pulse width to guarantee counter
reset
fCLK
DCLK frequency
ns
ns
30
100
5
ns
ns
12.5
MHz
Notes to Table 4:
(1)
(2)
Altera Corporation
For more information regarding EPC4, EPC8, or EPC16 configuration device timing
parameters, see the Enhanced Configuration Device (EPC4, EPC8 & EPC16) Data Sheet.
The configuration device imposes a POR delay upon initial power-up to allow the
voltage supply to stabilize. Subsequent reconfigurations do not incur this delay.
17
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 5 defines the APEX 20K, FLEX 10K, and FLEX 6000 timing
parameters when using EPC1 and EPC1441 devices at 3.3 V.
Table 5. APEX 20K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000 Timing Parameters using EPC1 &
EPC1441 Devices at 3.3 V
Note (1)
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Units
tPOR
POR delay (2)
200
ms
tOEZX
OE high to DATA output enabled
80
ns
tCH
DCLK high time
50
250
ns
tCL
DCLK low time
50
250
ns
tDSU
Data setup time before rising edge on
DCLK
30
tDH
Data hold time after rising edge on DCLK
0
tCO
DCLK to DATA out
tOEW
OE low pulse width to guarantee counter
reset
fCLK
DCLK frequency
ns
ns
30
100
2
ns
ns
10
MHz
Notes to Table 5:
(1)
(2)
18
For more information regarding EPC4, EPC8, or EPC16 configuration device timing
parameters, see the Enhanced Configuration Device (EPC4, EPC8 & EPC16) Data Sheet.
The configuration device imposes a POR delay upon initial power-up to allow the
voltage supply to stabilize. Subsequent reconfigurations do not incur this delay.
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 6 defines the APEX 20K, FLEX 10K, and FLEX 6000 timing
parameters when using EPC2, EPC1, and EPC1441 devices at 5.0 V.
Table 6. APEX 20K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000 Timing Parameters using EPC2,
EPC1 & EPC1441 Devices at 5.0 V
Notes (1), (2)
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Units
tPOR
POR delay (3)
200
ms
tOEZX
OE high to DATA output enabled
50
ns
tCH
DCLK high time
30
75
ns
tCL
DCLK low time
30
75
ns
tDSU
Data setup time before rising edge on
DCLK
30
tDH
Data hold time after rising edge on DCLK
0
tCO
DCLK to DATA out
tOEW
OE low pulse width to guarantee counter
reset
100
fCLK
DCLK frequency
6.7
ns
ns
30
ns
ns
16.7
MHz
Notes to Table 6:
(1)
(2)
(3)
Do not use EPC16, EPC8, EPC4, or EPC2 devices to configure FLEX 6000 devices.
For more information regarding EPC4, EPC8, or EPC16 configuration device timing
parameters, see the Enhanced Configuration Device (EPC4, EPC8 & EPC16) Data Sheet.
The configuration device imposes a POR delay upon initial power-up to allow the
voltage supply to stabilize. Subsequent reconfigurations do not incur this delay.
FLEX 8000 Device Configuration
FLEX 8000 devices differ from ACEX 1K, APEX 20K, APEX II, FLEX 10K,
and FLEX 6000 devices in that they have internal oscillators that can
provide a DCLK signal to the configuration device. The configuration
device sends configuration data out as a serial bitstream on the DATA
output pin. This data is routed into the FLEX 8000 device via the DATA0
input pin. The EPC1, EPC1441, EPC1213, EPC1064, and EPC1064V
configuration devices support this type of configuration.
Altera Corporation
19
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
EPC1 and EPC1441 devices can replace the EPC1213, EPC1064, and
EPC1064V configuration devices. The EPC1 or EPC1441 device
automatically emulates the EPC1213, EPC1064, or EPC1064V when it is
programmed with the appropriate POF. When the EPC1 or EPC1441
device is programmed with an EPC1213, EPC1064, or EPC1064V POF, the
FLEX 8000 device drives the EPC1 or EPC1441 device’s OE pin high and
clocks the EPC1 or EPC1441 device. One EPC1 device can store more
configuration data than the EPC1064, EPC1064V, EPC1213, or EPC1441
device. Therefore, designers can use one type of configuration device for
all FLEX devices. In addition, a single EPC1 or EPC1441 device can
configure any FLEX 8000 device.
For multi-device configuration of FLEX 8000 devices, the nCASC and nCS
pins provide handshaking between multiple configuration devices,
allowing several cascaded EPC1 or EPC1213 devices to serially configure
multiple FLEX 8000 devices. The EPC1441, EPC1064, and EPC1064V do
not support data cascading. Figure 8 shows a FLEX 8000 device
configured with a single EPC1, EPC1441, EPC1213, EPC1064, or
EPC1064V configuration device.
Figure 8. FLEX 8000 Device Configured with an EPC1, EPC1441, EPC1213,
EPC1064, or EPC1064V Configuration Device
VCC (1)
VCC (1)
(2)
FLEX 8000 Device
"0"
"0"
"0"
nS/P
MSEL1
MSEL0
CONF_DONE
nSTATUS
DCLK
VCC (1)
(2)
Configuration
Device
nCS
OE
DCLK
DATA
DATA0
nCONFIG
Notes to Figure 8:
(1)
(2)
The pull-up resistor should be connected to the same supply voltage as the
configuration device.
All pull-up resistors are 1 kΩ.
Figure 9 shows three FLEX 8000 devices configured with two EPC1 or
EPC1213 configuration devices.
20
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Figure 9. FLEX 8000 Multi-Device Configuration with Two EPC1 or EPC1213 Configuration Devices
VCC (1)
VCC (1)
VCC
VCC
FLEX 8000 Device 1
"0"
"0"
"0"
nS/P
MSEL1
MSEL0
(1)
(2)
(2)
(1)
(2)
VCC
(1)
(2)
Configuration
Device 1
Configuration
Device 2
nCASC
DATA
CONF_DONE
nSTATUS
DCLK
nCS
OE
DCLK
DATA
nCS
OE
DCLK
DATA0
nCONFIG
VCC
(1)
(2)
FLEX 8000 Device 2
"0"
"1"
"0"
nS/P
MSEL1
MSEL0
CONF_DONE
nSTATUS
DCLK
DATA0
nCONFIG
VCC
(1)
(2)
FLEX 8000 Device 3
"0"
"1"
"0"
nS/P
MSEL1
MSEL0
CONF_DONE
nSTATUS
DCLK
DATA0
nCONFIG
Notes to Figure 9:
(1)
(2)
The pull-resistor should be connected to the same supply voltage as the confiuration device.
All pull-up resistors are 1 kΩ.
Altera Corporation
21
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 7 describes the pin functions of all configuration devices during
FLEX 8000 device configuration.
Table 7. Configuration Device Pin Functions During FLEX 8000 Device Configuration
Pin Name
Pin Number
8-Pin
PDIP (1)
20-Pin
PLCC
32-Pin
TQFP (2)
Pin
Type
Description
DATA
1
2
31
Output Serial data output. The DATA pin is tri-stated before
configuration when the nCS pin is high and after the
configuration device finishes sending its configuration
data. This operation is independent of the device’s
position in the cascade chain.
DCLK
2
4
2
Input
DCLK is a clock input when using EPC1, EPC1213,
EPC1064, and EPC1064V configuration devices. Rising
edges on DCLK increment the internal address counter
and present the next bit of data to the DATA pin. The
counter is incremented only if the OE input is held high,
the nCS input is held low, and all configuration data has
not been transferred to the target device.
OE
3
8
7
OpenDrain
I/O
Output enable (active high) and reset (active low). A low
logic level resets the address counter. A high logic level
enables DATA and permits the address counter to count.
nCS (3)
4
9
10
Input
Chip-select input (active low). A low input allows DCLK to
increment the address counter and enables DATA.
nCASC
6
12
15
Output
Cascade-select output (active low). This output goes low
when the address counter has reached its maximum
value. The nCASC output is usually connected to the nCS
input of the next device in a configuration chain, so the
next DCLK clocks data out of the next device.
VCC
7, 8
20
27
Power
Power pin.
GND
5
10
12
Ground Ground pin. A 0.2-µF decoupling capacitor must be
placed between the VCC and GND pins.
Notes: to Table 7
(1)
(2)
(3)
This package is available for EPC1, EPC1441, EPC1213, EPC1064, and EPC1064V devices only.
This package is available for EPC1441, EPC1064, and EPC1064V devices only.
The EPC1441, EPC1064, and EPC1064V devices do not support data cascading. The EPC1 and EPC1213 devices
support data cascading for FLEX 8000 devices.
f
For more information on FLEX 8000 device configuration, see the
following documents:
■
■
22
Application Note 33 (Configuring FLEX 8000 Devices)
Application Note 38 (Configuring Multiple FLEX 8000 Devices)
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Power &
Operation
This section describes Power-On Reset (POR) delay, error detection, and
3.3-V and 5.0-V operation of Altera configuration devices.
Power-On Reset
During initial power-up, a POR delay occurs to permit voltage levels to
stabilize. When configuring an APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K,
FLEX 10K, or FLEX 6000 device with an EPC4, EPC8, EPC16, EPC2, EPC1,
or EPC1441 device, the POR delay occurs inside the configuration device,
and the POR delay is a maximum of 200 ms. When configuring a
FLEX 8000 device with an EPC1213, EPC1064, or EPC1064V device, the
POR delay occurs inside the FLEX 8000 device, and the POR delay is
typically 100 ms, with a maximum of 200 ms.
Error Detection Circuitry
The EPC4, EPC8, EPC16, EPC2, EPC1, and EPC1441 configuration devices
have built-in error detection circuitry for configuring APEX II, APEX 20K,
Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, or FLEX 6000 devices only.
Built-in error-detection circuitry uses the nCS pin of the configuration
device, which monitors the CONF_DONE pin on the APEX II, APEX 20K,
Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, or FLEX 6000 device. An error condition
occurs if the CONF_DONE pin does not go high after all the configuration
data has been sent, or if the CONF_DONE pin goes high before the
configuration device has completed sending configuration data. When an
error condition occurs, the configuration device drives its OE pin low,
which drives the APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, or
FLEX 6000 device’s nSTATUS pin low, indicating an error. After an error,
configuration automatically restarts if the Auto-Restart Configuration on
Frame Error option is turned on in the Global Project Device Options
dialog box (Assign menu) in the MAX+PLUS II software. For APEX 20K,
APEX II, and Mercury devices, the Quartus II software provides a similar
option.
In addition, if the APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, or
FLEX 6000 device detects a cyclic redundancy code (CRC) error in the
received data, it may also flag the error by driving nSTATUS low. This low
signal on nSTATUS resets the configuration device, allowing
reconfiguration. CRC checking is performed when configuring all
APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K, or FLEX 6000
devices.
Altera Corporation
23
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
3.3-V or 5.0-V Operation
EPC2, EPC1, and EPC1441 devices can configure 5.0-V, 3.3-V, or 2.5-V
devices. For each configuration device, an option must be set for 5.0-V or
3.3-V operation (EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 devices are 3.3 V). For EPC1 and
EPC1441 configuration devices, the Use Low-Voltage Configuration EPROM
option in the Global Project Device Options dialog box (Assign menu) in
the MAX+PLUS II software sets this parameter. (For APEX 20K, APEX II,
and Mercury devices, the Quartus II software provides a similar option.)
For EPC2 devices, this option is set externally by the VCCSEL pin. In
addition, the EPC2 device has an externally controlled option, set by the
VPPSEL pin, to adjust the programming voltage to 5.0 V or 3.3 V.
The functions of the VCCSEL and VPPSEL pins are described below.
■
VCCSEL pin—For EPC2 configuration devices, 5.0-V or 3.3-V
operation is controlled by the VCCSEL option pin. The device
functions in 5.0-V mode when VCCSEL is connected to GND; the
device functions in 3.3-V mode when VCCSEL is connected to VCC.
■
VPPSEL pin—The EPC2 VPP programming power pin is normally
tied to VCC . For EPC2 devices operating with a 3.3-V supply, it is
possible to improve EPC2 in-system programming times by
providing VPP with a 5.0-V supply. For all other devices, VPP must be
tied to VCC. The EPC2 device’s VPPSEL pin must be set in accordance
with the EPC2 VPP pin. If the VPP pin is supplied by a 5.0-V supply,
VPPSEL must be connected to GND; if the VPP pin is supplied by a
3.3-V power supply, VPPSEL must be connected to VCC.
Table 8 describes the relationship between the VCC and VPP voltage levels
and the required logic level for VCCSEL and VPPSEL (i.e., high or low
logic level).
Table 8. VCCSEL & VPPSEL Pin Functions on the EPC2
VCC Voltage Level VPP Voltage Level VCCSEL Pin Logic VPPSEL Pin Logic
(V)
(V)
Level
Level
24
3.3
3.3
High
High
3.3
5.0
High
Low
5.0
5.0
Low
Low
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
For EPC1 and EPC1441 configuration devices, 3.3-V or 5.0-V operation is
controlled by a programming bit in the POF. The programming bit value
is determined by the core supply voltage of the targeted device during
design compilation with the MAX+PLUS II software. For example, EPC1
devices are programmed automatically to operate in 3.3-V mode when
configuring FLEX 10KA devices, which have a VCC voltage of 3.3 V. In this
example, the EPC1 device’s VCC pin is connected to a 3.3-V power supply.
Designers may choose to set the configuration device for low voltage
when using the MultiVoltTM feature, which allows an ACEX, APEX,
APEX II, FLEX, or Mercury device to bridge between systems operating
with different voltages. When compiling for 3.3-V FLEX 6000 devices, set
the configuration device for low-voltage operation. To set the EPC1 and
EPC1441 configuration devices for low-voltage operation, turn on the
Low-Voltage I/O option in the Global Project Device Options dialog box
(Assign menu) in the MAX+PLUS II software.
Configuration Chain with Multiple Voltage Levels
An EPC2 or EPC1 device can configure a device chain with multiple
voltage levels. All 3.3-V and 2.5-V ACEX, APEX, APEX II, FLEX, and
Mercury devices can be driven by higher-voltage signals.
When configuring a mixed-voltage device chain, the APEX II, APEX 20K,
Mercury, ACEX 1K, or FLEX devices’ VCCINT and VCCIO pins may be
connected to 2.5 V, 3.3 V, or 5.0 V, depending upon the device. The
configuration device may be powered at 3.3 V or 5.0 V. If an EPC1,
EPC1441, EPC1213, EPC1064, or EPC1064V configuration device is
powered at 3.3 V, the nSTATUS and CONF_DONE pull-up resistors must be
connected to 3.3 V. If these configuration devices are powered at 5.0 V, the
nSTATUS and CONF_DONE pull-up resistors must be connected to 3.3 V or
5.0 V.
Altera Corporation
25
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
At 3.3-V operation, all EPC2 inputs are 5.0-V tolerant, except DATA, DCLK,
and nCASC. The DATA, DCLK, and nCEO pins are used only to interface
between the EPC2 configuration device and the APEX II, APEX 20K,
Mercury, ACEX 1K, or FLEX 10K device it is configuring. The voltage
tolerances of all EPC2 pins at 5.0 V and 3.3 V are listed in Table 9.
Table 9. EPC2 Input & Bidirectional Pin Voltage Tolerance
Pin
f
3.3-V Operation
5.0-V
Tolerant
3.3-V
Tolerant
5.0-V
Tolerant
3.3-V
Tolerant
DATA
v
v
v
DCLK
v
v
v
nCASC
v
v
v
OE
v
v
v
v
nCS
v
v
v
v
VCCSEL
v
v
v
v
VPPSEL
v
v
v
v
nINIT_CONF
v
v
v
v
TDI
v
v
v
v
TMS
v
v
v
v
TCK
v
v
v
v
For more information on APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K,
FLEX 10K, or FLEX 6000 devices, see the following documents:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
26
5.0-V Operation
ACEX 1K Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
APEX 20K Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
APEX II Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
FLEX 10K Embedded Programmable Logic Family Data Sheet
FLEX 10KE Embedded Programmable Logic Family Data Sheet
FLEX 8000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
FLEX 6000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Mercury Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Programming
& Configuration
File Support
The Quartus II and MAX+PLUS II development systems provide
programming support for Altera configuration devices. The Quartus II
and MAX+PLUS II software automatically generates a POF to program
each configuration device in a project. In a multi-device project, the
software can combine the programming files for multiple ACEX, APEX,
APEX II, FLEX, or Mercury devices into one or more configuration
devices. The software allows you to select the appropriate configuration
device to most efficiently store the data for each APEX II, APEX 20K,
Mercury, ACEX 1K, or FLEX device. Moreover, when compiling for
ACEX 1K, FLEX 10KA, FLEX 10KE, or Mercury devices, the
MAX+PLUS II software automatically defaults to generate the EPC1 or
EPC1441 POF with the programming bit set for 3.3-V operation.
All Altera configuration devices are programmable using Altera
programming hardware in conjunction with the Quartus II or
MAX+PLUS II software. In addition, many manufacturers offer
programming hardware that supports other Altera configuration devices.
EPC4, EPC8, EPC16, and EPC2 configuration devices can be programmed
in-system through its industry-standard 4-pin JTAG interface. ISP
capability in the EPC2, EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 devices provides ease in
prototyping and updating APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, or
FLEX device functionality. The EPC8 and EPC16 devices can be
programmed in-system via test equipment using SVF Files, Jam STAPL
Files (.jam), or Jam STAPL Byte-Code Files (.jbc), embedded processors
using the Jam programming and test language, and the MAX+PLUS II or
Quartus II software via the MasterBlaster or ByteBlasterMV download
cables. When programming multiple EPC2 devices in a JTAG chain, the
Quartus II and MAX+PLUS II software and other programming methods
employ concurrent programming to simultaneously program multiple
devices and reduce programming time. EPC2, EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16
devices can be programmed and erased up to 100 times.
After programming an EPC2, EPC4, EPC8, or EPC16 device in-system,
APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, or FLEX device configuration
can be initiated by including the EPC2 JTAG configuration instruction.
See Table 10 on page 28.
f
For more information on programming and configuration support, see the
following documents:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Altera Corporation
Altera Programming Hardware Data Sheet
Programming Hardware Manufacturers
MasterBlaster Serial/USB Communications Cable Data Sheet
ByteBlasterMV Parallel Port Download Cable Data Sheet
ByteBlaster Parallel Port Download Cable Data Sheet
BitBlaster Serial Download Cable Data Sheet
27
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
IEEE Std.
1149.1 (JTAG)
Boundary-Scan
Testing
f
The EPC2 provides JTAG BST circuitry that complies with the IEEE Std.
1149.1-1990 specification. JTAG boundary-scan testing can be performed
before or after configuration, but not during configuration. The EPC2
device supports the JTAG instructions shown in Table 10.
The ISP circuitry in EPC2, EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 devices is compatible
with tools that support the IEEE Std. 1532. The IEEE Std. 1532 is a standard
developed to allow concurrent ISP between multiple PLD vendors.
For EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 JTAG instruction, refer to the Enhanced
Configuration Devices (EPC4, EPC8, & EPC16) Data Sheet.
Table 10. EPC2 JTAG Instructions
JTAG Instruction
Description
SAMPLE/PRELOAD
Allows a snapshot of a signal at the device pins to be captured and examined during
normal device operation, and permits an initial data pattern output at the device pins.
EXTEST
Allows the external circuitry and board-level interconnections to be tested by forcing a
test pattern at the output pins and capturing results at the input pins.
BYPASS
Places the 1-bit bypass register between the TDI and TDO pins, which allows the BST
data to pass synchronously through a selected device to adjacent devices during
normal device operation.
IDCODE
Selects the device IDCODE register and places it between TDI and TDO, allowing the
device IDCODE to be serially shifted out of TDO. The device IDCODE for the EPC2
configuration device is shown below:
0000 0001000000000010 00001101110 1
USERCODE
Selects the USERCODE register and places it between TDI and TDO, allowing the
USERCODE to be serially shifted out of TDO. The 32-bit USERCODE is a
programmable user-defined pattern.
ISP Instructions
These instructions are used when programming an EPC2 device via JTAG ports with
a MasterBlaster, ByteBlaster MV, ByteBlaster, or BitBlaster download cable, or using
a Jam STAPL File (.jam), Jam STAPL Byte-Code File (.jbc), or SVF File via an
embedded processor.
INIT_CONF
This function allows the user to initiate the APEX or FLEX configuration process by
tying nINIT_CONF to the APEX or FLEX device(s) nCONFIG pin(s). After this
instruction is updated, the nINIT_CONF pin is driven low. When the Initiate
Configuration instruction is cleared, nINIT_CONF is released, which starts the APEX
or FLEX device configuration. This instruction is used by the MAX+PLUS II software,
Jam STAPL Files, and JBC Files.
f
For more information, see Application Note 39 (IEEE 1149.1 (JTAG)
Boundary-Scan Testing in Altera Devices).
Figure 10 shows the timing requirements for the JTAG signals.
28
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Figure 10. EPC2 JTAG Waveforms
TMS
TDI
tJCP
tJCH
tJCL
tJPSU
tJPH
TCK
tJPZX
tJPXZ
tJPCO
TDO
tJSH
tJSSU
Signal
to Be
Captured
tJSZX
tJSCO
tJSXZ
Signal
to Be
Driven
Table 11 shows the timing parameters and values for configuration
devices.
Table 11. JTAG Timing Parameters & Values
Symbol
Operating
Conditions
Altera Corporation
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
tJCP
TCK clock period
100
tJCH
TCK clock high time
ns
50
ns
tJCL
TCK clock low time
50
ns
tJPSU
JTAG port setup time
20
ns
tJPH
JTAG port hold time
45
tJPCO
JTAG port clock to output
tJPZX
JTAG port high impedance to valid output
25
ns
tJPXZ
JTAG port valid output to high impedance
25
ns
tJSSU
Capture register setup time
20
ns
tJSH
Capture register hold time
45
ns
tJSCO
Update register clock to output
25
ns
tJSZX
Update register high-impedance to valid output
25
ns
tJSXZ
Update register valid output to high impedance
25
ns
ns
25
ns
Tables 12 through 19 provide information on absolute maximum ratings,
recommended operating conditions, DC operating conditions, and
capacitance for configuration devices.
29
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
f
For EPC4, EPC8, and EPC16 device operating conditions, refer to the
Enhanced Configuration Devices (EPC4, EPC8, & EPC16) Data Sheet.
Table 12. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Symbol
Note (1)
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
V
VCC
Supply voltage
With respect to ground (2)
–2.0
7.0
VI
DC input voltage
With respect to ground (2)
–2.0
7.0
V
IMAX
DC VCC or ground current
50
mA
IOUT
DC output current, per pin
PD
Power dissipation
T STG
Storage temperature
No bias
–65
150
°C
T AMB
Ambient temperature
Under bias
–65
135
°C
TJ
Junction temperature
Under bias
135
°C
Max
Unit
–25
25
mA
250
mW
Table 13. Recommended Operating Conditions
Symbol
VCC
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Supply voltage for 5.0-V operation
(3), (4)
Supply voltage for 3.3-V operation
(3), (4)
4.75 (4.50) 5.25 (5.50)
VI
Input voltage
With respect to ground
VO
Output voltage
TA
Operating temperature
tR
Input rise time
tF
Input fall time
20
ns
Min
Max
Unit
For commercial use
For industrial use
V
3.0 (3.0)
3.6 (3.6)
V
–0.3
V CC + 0.3
(5)
V
0
V CC
V
0
70
°C
85
°C
20
ns
–40
Table 14. DC Operating Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VIH
High-level input voltage
2.0
VCC + 0.3
(5)
V
VIL
Low-level input voltage
–0.3
0.8
V
VOH
5.0-V mode high-level TTL output voltage IOH = –4 mA DC (6)
2.4
V
VCC – 0.2
V
3.3-V mode high-level CMOS output
voltage
IOH = –0.1 mA DC (6)
VOL
Low-level output voltage
I OL = 4 mA DC (6)
0.4
V
II
Input leakage current
VI = VCC or ground
–10
10
µA
IOZ
Tri-state output off-state current
VO = VCC or ground
–10
10
µA
30
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 15. EPC1213, EPC1064 & EPC1064V Device ICC Supply Current Values
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
ICC0
VCC supply current (standby)
100
200
µA
ICC1
VCC supply current
(during configuration)
10
50
mA
Table 16. EPC2 Device ICC Supply Current Values
Typ
Max
Unit
ICC0
Symbol
VCC supply current (standby)
Parameter
VCC = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
Conditions
Min
50
100
µA
ICC1
VCC supply current (during configuration) VCC = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
18
50
mA
Unit
Table 17. EPC1 Device ICC Supply Current Values
Typ
Max
ICC0
Symbol
VCC supply current (standby)
Parameter
Conditions
Min
50
100
µA
ICC1
VCC supply current (during configuration) VCC = 5.0 V
30
50
mA
VCC = 3.3 V
10
16.5
mA
Typ
Max
Unit
Table 18. EPC1441 Device ICC Supply Current Values
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
ICC0
VCC supply current (standby)
30
60
µA
ICC1
VCC supply current (during configuration) VCC = 5.0 V
15
30
mA
ICC1
VCC supply current (during configuration) VCC = 3.3 V
5
10
mA
Min
Max
Unit
Table 19. Capacitance
Symbol
Note (7)
Parameter
Conditions
CIN
Input pin capacitance
VIN = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
10
pF
COUT
Output pin capacitance
VOUT = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
10
pF
Notes to Tables 12 − 19:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
See the Operating Requirements for Altera Devices Data Sheet.
The minimum DC input is –0.3 V. During transitions, the inputs may undershoot to –2.0 V or overshoot to 7.0 V for
input currents less than 100 mA and periods shorter than 20 ns under no-load conditions.
Numbers in parentheses are for industrial-temperature-range devices.
Maximum VCC rise time is 100 ms.
Certain EPC2 pins may be driven to 5.75 V when operated with a 3.3-V VCC. See Table 9 on page 26.
The IOH parameter refers to high-level TTL or CMOS output current; the IOL parameter refers to low-level TTL or
CMOS output current.
Capacitance is sample-tested only.
Altera Corporation
31
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Tables 20 through 24 show the device configuration parameters for
APEX II, APEX 20K, Mercury, ACEX 1K, or FLEX devices.
Table 20. ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000 Device Configuration Parameters Using EPC2 Devices at 5.0-V
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
tCE
OE high to first clock delay
200
ns
tOEZX
OE high to data output enabled
50
ns
tCO
DCLK to data out delay
20
ns
tMCH
DCLK high time for the first device in the
configuration chain
30
50
75
ns
tMCL
DCLK low time for the first device in the
configuration chain
30
50
75
ns
10
16.7
MHz
fCK
Clock frequency
6.7
tSCH
DCLK high time for subsequent devices
30
ns
tSCL
DCLK low time for subsequent devices
30
ns
tCASC
CLK rising edge to nCASC
20
tCCA
nCS to nCASC cascade delay
10
ns
fCDOE
CLK to data enable/disable
20
ns
tOEC
OE low to CLK disable delay
20
ns
tNRCAS
OE low (reset) to nCASC delay
25
ns
tNRR
OE low time (reset) minimum
100
ns
ns
Table 21. ACEX 1K, APEX 20K, APEX II, FLEX 10K & Mercury Device Configuration Parameters Using EPC2
Devices at 3.3-V
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
tCE
OE high to first clock delay
300
ns
tOEZX
OE high to data output enabled
80
ns
tCO
DCLK to data out delay
30
ns
tMCH
DCLK high time for the first device in the
configuration chain
40
65
100
ns
tMCL
DCLK low time for the first device in the
configuration chain
40
65
100
ns
fCK
Clock frequency
5
7.7
12.5
MHz
tSCH
DCLK high time for subsequent devices
40
tSCL
DCLK low time for subsequent devices
40
tCASC
CLK rising edge to nCASC
25
ns
tCCA
nCS to nCASC cascade delay
15
ns
fCDOE
CLK to data enable/disable
30
ns
tOEC
OE low to CLK disable delay
30
ns
tNRCAS
OE low (reset) to nCASC delay
30
ns
tNRR
OE low time (reset) minimum
32
100
ns
ns
ns
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 22. ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000 Device Configuration Parameters Using EPC1 &
EPC1441 Devices at 5.0-V
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
tCE
OE high to first clock delay
200
ns
tOEZX
OE high to data output enabled
50
ns
tCO
DCLK to data out delay
20
ns
tMCH
DCLK high time for the first device in the
configuration chain
30
50
75
ns
tMCL
DCLK low time for the first device in the
configuration chain
30
50
75
ns
fCK
Clock frequency
6.7
10
16.7
MHz
tSCH
DCLK high time for subsequent devices
30
ns
tSCL
DCLK low time for subsequent devices
30
ns
tCASC
CLK rising edge to nCASC
20
ns
tCCA
nCS to nCASC cascade delay
10
ns
fCDOE
CLK to data enable/disable
20
ns
tOEC
OE low to CLK disable delay
20
ns
tNRCAS
OE low (reset) to nCASC delay
25
ns
tNRR
OE low time (reset) minimum
100
ns
Table 23. ACEX 1K, FLEX 10K & FLEX 6000 Device Configuration Parameters Using EPC1 &
EPC1441 Devices at 3.3-V
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
tCE
OE high to first clock delay
300
ns
tOEZX
OE high to data output enabled
80
ns
tCO
DCLK to data out delay
30
ns
tMCH
DCLK high time for the first device in the
configuration chain
50
125
250
ns
tMCL
DCLK low time for the first device in the
configuration chain
50
125
250
ns
fCK
Clock frequency
2
4
10
MHz
tSCH
DCLK high time for subsequent devices
50
ns
tSCL
DCLK low time for subsequent devices
50
ns
tCASC
CLK rising edge to nCASC
25
ns
tCCA
nCS to nCASC cascade delay
15
ns
fCDOE
CLK to data enable/disable
30
ns
tOEC
OE low to CLK disable delay
30
ns
tNRCAS
OE low (reset) to nCASC delay
30
ns
tNRR
OE low time (reset) minimum
Altera Corporation
100
ns
33
Configuration Devices for SRAM-based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Table 24. FLEX 8000 Device Configuration Parameters Using EPC1, EPC1441, EPC1213, EPC1064 &
EPC1064V Devices
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
EPC1064V
EPC1064
EPC1213
EPC1
Unit
EPC1441
Min Max Min Max Min Max
tOEZX
OE high to DATA output enabled
tCSZX
nCS low to DATA output enabled
75
50
50
ns
tCSXZ
nCS high to DATA output disabled
75
50
50
ns
tCSS
nCS low setup time to first DCLK rising edge
150
100
50
ns
tCSH
nCS low hold time after DCLK rising edge
0
0
0
ns
tDSU
Data setup time before rising edge on DCLK
75
50
50
ns
tDH
Data hold time after rising edge on DCLK
0
tCO
DCLK to DATA out delay
tCK
Clock period
fCK
Clock frequency
tCL
DCLK low time
120
tCH
DCLK high time
120
tXZ
OE low or nCS high to DATA output disabled
tOEW
OE pulse width to guarantee counter reset
tCASC
Last DCLK + 1 to nCASC low delay
90
60
50
tCKXZ
Last DCLK + 1 to DATA tri-state delay
75
50
50
ns
tCEOUT
nCS high to nCASC high delay
150
100
100
ns
Revision
History
75
50
50
0
100
240
0
75
160
4
80
150
ns
8
MHz
ns
50
80
75
ns
75
100
6
ns
50
50
ns
50
100
ns
100
ns
ns
ns
The information contained in the Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based
LUT Devices Data Sheet version 12.2 supersedes information published in
pervious versions. The following changes were made to the Configuration
Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet version 12.2:
Version 12.2
■
■
Corrected the APEX 20KE voltate in Table 2 to 1.8 V.
Updated Figure 5.
Version 12.1
■
■
■
34
Updated Table 2.
Updated notes to Figures 4, 5, and 6.
Added APEX 20KE device diagrams to Figures 4 and 6.
Altera Corporation
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
Notes:
Altera Corporation
35
Configuration Devices for SRAM-Based LUT Devices Data Sheet
®
101 Innovation Drive
San Jose, CA 95134
(408) 544-7000
http://www.altera.com
Applications Hotline:
(800) 800-EPLD
Customer Marketing:
(408) 544-7104
Literature Services:
[email protected]
36
Copyright © 2002 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. Altera, The Programmable Solutions Company, the
stylized Altera logo, specific device designations, and all other words and logos that are identified as
trademarks and/or service marks are, unless noted otherwise, the trademarks and service marks of Altera
Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. All other product or service names are the property of their
respective holders. Altera products are protected under numerous U.S. and foreign patents and pending
applications, mask work rights, and copyrights. Altera warrants performance of its semiconductor products
to current specifications in accordance with Altera’s standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes
to any products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or
liability arising out of the application or use of any information, product, or service described
herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera Corporation. Altera customers are
advised to obtain the latest version of device specifications before relying on any published
information and before placing orders for products or services.
Altera Corporation
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