brfactory web
Products and solutions for
Factory automation
and control
Content
Introduction................................................................................ 3
The “Industry of Things”.................................................................... 4
Safety matters: STM32 Functional Safety Package........................... 5
Field layer .................................................................................. 6
Low and Medium-End MCUs for local control.................................. 7
Industrial communication............................................................... 7
IO-Link............................................................................................. 9
Monitoring and sensing................................................................ 10
Actuators and Motor Control........................................................ 14
Signal conditioning....................................................................... 25
Control layer............................................................................ 27
Control unit................................................................................... 28
Digital IO....................................................................................... 34
Data communication interface ICs............................................... 39
Serial real-time clock (RTC) ICs and Memories.............................. 42
Power supplies.............................................................................. 44
Protection devices......................................................................... 46
Supervisor layer....................................................................... 49
Wireless modules........................................................................... 50
RF Interfaces and NFC for automation.......................................... 51
Display and LED controllers........................................................... 54
Introduction
ain
om
ed
milies
tim
y products by fa
al-
ST's industrial ke
l
ria
ust net
d
In her
Et
Re
Standard
industrial
layers
Industrial Ethern
et MCU stacks
8/32-bit MCUs,
IO-Link
Sensors, signal
cond
Power MOSFETs itioning, gate drivers
, IG
Diodes, SiC, thyr BTs, power modules
istors and AC sw
itches
ain
dom
Field layer
32-bit MCU
Intelligent power s
sw
Analog to digita itches
l
inputs
RF and serial da
ta comm. interf
aces
Power supply
Protection device
s
me
Control layer
MPU
RF ICs
Touch sensors
Display/LED cont
rollers
-ti
eal
nr
No
Supervisor layer
t
rne
e
Eth
ld
Fie
s
bu
3
ial
str ing
u
d
In ork
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net
Overview
Check-out STMicroelectronics’ new brief handbook for factory
The CIM model presented here was
automation and control!
introduced in the 1980s to establish
Inside a lot of theoretical solutions are rapidly brought to
a hierarchy in the manufacturing
implementation using ST ICs. In addition, cases of interest and success
industries.
stories are discussed to demonstrate ST strong partnership with our
customers.
ST is placing an increasing emphasis on factory automation and consider of vital importance the
continuous comparison within the engineering community, even at university and hobbyist level.
www.st.com
The “Industry of Things”
Factory Automation and wireless connectivity
Modifying the now famous phrase “Internet of Things” by replacing “Internet” with “Industry”, is
not just to be amusing.
For many years, we have observed the extent to which smart technologies and energy
efficiency are driving the factory automation and wireless connectivity segments, based on the
consolidated concept of producing very long-life goods to ensure quality and cost depreciation.
Key standards
• IEC 61010: Safety requirements
for electrical equipment for
measurement, control and
laboratory use
Within this in mind, we can introduce wireless industrial modules that can be easily mounted
in any smart industrial architecture. They may coexist with classic fieldbus and industrial
Ethernet, of course, or better still may represent an extension of these timeless infrastructures.
• EN61508: Functional safety of
These things make end applications smarter and more energy efficient, which is the goal of
our customers. As this scenario becomes clearer, with the flexibility a company like ST can
offer it is not difficult to associate the title of this chapter to the modules we can provide.
• IEC 61800: Adjustable speed
electrical/electronic/programmable
electronic safety-related systems
electrical power drive systems
• ISO 13849-1: machinery standard
• IEC 62061: dedicated to factory
automation systems
The concept of modularity in factory
automation applications is what we focus
on to make our ICs the winning choice for
our customers. Let’s consider, for example,
the classic PLC, another timeless instrument
in this sector. It is well known that the PLC
is a mix of I/O capacity and computational
performance.
ST offers both of these elements, with
input (i.e. our CLT series of current-limited
termination devices, like the new
CLT01-38S) and output (the IPS series of
intelligent power switches for high-side
and low-side configurations, such as the
VNI8200XP) front-ends capable of interfacing
with the most common industrial tools like
valves, industrial sensors and relays; and
the computational performance offered
by our powerful, scalable STM32 32-bit
microcontrollers series. Everything above is
available with stand-alone product evaluation
boards or system evaluation boards
that demonstrate product features and
performance in a platform that functions as
closely as possible to the final application.
4
Evaluation boards
Evaluation boards for the industrial segment can be found at:
http://www.st.com/industrial-tools
Safety matters: STM32 Functional Safety Package
IEC61508 and SIL: ST has partnered with Yogitech for the STM32 Safety Package
ST and Yogitech have been cooperating to bring state-of-the-art functional safety solutions to
STM32 customers.
Yogitech has applied its well established fRMethodology to the STM32 design databases,
performing in-depth analysis of the MCUs with regard to the IEC61508 standard and other
functional safety standards.
The fRMethodology adopts a white-box approach, meaning that the analysis is carried out on the actual RTLs and netlists, which in turn allows
for a degree of accuracy simply not possible using black-box techniques. This was made possible by the close collaboration between ST and
Yogitech. The design database of all STM32 families has been shared to carry out the most in-depth analysis of all the HW features and to the
lowest level of detail in the implementation of STM32 microcontrollers.
For each family in the STM32 series, the
output of this activity has been two-fold:
the STM32 safety manual, and an off-theshelf software test library product to detect
hardware random faults (Yogitech’s fRSTL).
The STM32 safety manual contains all of
the safety-relevant information, including
the conditions of use that must be fulfilled
in order to claim the targeted safety integrity
level.
Conditions of use that can be fulfilled in
an application-independent manner are
addressed by Yogitech’s fRSTL software
test library. Written in C and Assembly and
satisfying systematic capability 3 (SC3),
fRSTL can be easily integrated into the end
user application and allows users to reach
SIL2 on single-channel and SIL3 on dualchannel safety architectures.
SIL2/SIL3
Customer development
Customer development
STM32 safety manuals
STM32 safety features
STM32 product portfolio
fRSTL software test libraries take full
ST quality foundations
advantage of the white-box approach used
during the analysis and are optimized in size
and performance. Moreover, their coverage is verified using an extensive fault injection campaign, aimed at checking that the claimed coverage
is actually reached.
Now available for the STM32F0 series, the safety manuals and fRSTL_stm32 libraries will soon be extended to the F1, F2, F3, F4 and L1 series.
5
Field layer
Actuation & motor control
Power modules
Power switches
DC power bus
M
Speed
sensing
Current
sensing
Driver
Power
supply
6
Monitoring & sensing
Driver
Driver
Sensor
and signal
conditioning
Local control
Temperature
sensors
Proximity
detectors
Motion MEMS
Control unit
Detectors
management
Data communication interface
IO-Link
CAN
Ethernet
RS-232
RS-485
Control layer
Commonly this is the level representing the operations performed in a given Industrial environment.
The block diagram above is a clear abstraction, to make it recognizable, depending on the specific
application, where ICs and solutions proposed here can be properly used. This approach will be
followed also in the other sections of the document: the coexistence of ICs and solutions is to help
the reader discover what is useful for his own purposes and to maintain logical links in this sometimes
heterogeneous world. This chapter will deal with microcontrollers (from low to medium end), fieldbus,
sensors and conditioning, and with the world of actuators and motor control, which could be discussed
separately, but it is part of this chapter as it is intended peculiar of any field layer.
Low and Medium-End MCUs for local control
This section highlights the devices commonly used in this layer. Traditionally, this is the field of simple control tasks, where a minimum set of
peripherals and no great computational capacity is required for the control stage. Our powerful 8-bit MCU family is ideal here, while the
STM32 F0 and L1 series from ST’s 32-bit STM32 family finds a place in cost-effective, field layer applications.
A few examples for the industrial environment from our portfolio of around 120 devices are provided below (www.st.com/stm8s). The STM8L
series, ST’s 8-bit ultra-low-power MCU family, is proposed with devices embedding an LCD display controller (4 x 44/8 x 40) (www.st.com/stm8l).
The next chapter, dedicated to the control layer, gives an extended outlook of our MCU portfolio, where, following the philosophy of this document,
MCUs with most advanced features and capabilities are introduced.
Part number
Flash Internal Data
size RAM size EEPROM
(Kbytes) (Kbytes) (bytes)
Timer functions
Package
16-/32-bit
timers
Others
Serial interface
ADC
DAC
I/Os
CAN SPI I2C
UART (IrDA,
ISO 7816)
Supply
voltage
(V)
Supply current (ICC)
Maximum
operating
Lowest
Run mode temperature
power mode
(per MHz) (µA) range (°C)
(µA)
STM8S003/005/007 Value line – 16 MHz CPU
STM8S003F3
8
1
128
STM8S007C8
64
6
128
STM8S103F2
4
1
640
STM8S105C4
STM8S105S6
16
32
2
2
1024
1024
STM8S207C6
STM8S208C6
STM8S207M8
STM8S208R8
STM8S208RB
32
32
64
64
128
6
6
6
6
6
1024
2048
2048
2048
2048
STM8S903F3
8
1
640
STM8L151C2
STM8L152M8*
STM8L162M8
STM8L162R8
4
64
64
64
1
4
4
4
256
2048
2048
2048
TSSOP20,
UFQFPN20
LQFP48
1x8-bit, 2x16-bit 2 x WDG, 5x10-bit
16
beeper
1x8-bit, 3x16-bit
10x10-bit
38
STM8S103/105 Access line – 16 MHz CPU
1
1
1
2.95 to 5.5
230
421
1
1
2
2.95 to 5.5
500
421
1
1
2.95 to 5.5
5
230
1
1
1
1
2.95 to 5.5
2.95 to 5.5
5
5
430
430
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2.95 to 5.5
2.95 to 5.5
2.95 to 5.5
2.95 to 5.5
2.95 to 5.5
5
5
5
5
5
500
500
500
500
500
-40 to +125
1
1
2.95 to 5.5
5
230
-40 to +125
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
3
1.65 to 3.6
1.65 to 3.6
1.65 to 3.6
1.65 to 3.6
0.35
0.4
0.4
0.4
180
200
200
200
-40 to +125
SO20, TSSOP20,
1x8-bit, 2x16-bit
5x10-bit
16
1
UFQFPN20
2 x WDG,
LQFP48
1x8-bit, 3x16-bit beeper 10x10-bit
38
1
LQFP44
1x8-bit, 3x16-bit
9x10-bit
34
1
STM8S207/208 Performance line - 24 MHz CPU
LQFP48
1x8-bit, 3x16-bit
10x10‑bit
38
1
LQFP48
1x8-bit, 3x16-bit
10x10‑bit
38 1
1
2 x WDG,
LQFP80
1x8-bit, 3x16-bit
16x10‑bit
68
1
beeper
LQFP64
1x8-bit, 3x16-bit
16x10‑bit
52 1
1
LQFP64
1x8-bit, 3x16-bit
16x10‑bit
52 1
1
STM8S903 Application specific line - 16 MHz CPU
SO20, TSSOP20,
2 x WDG,
1x8-bit, 2x16-bit
5x10‑bit
16
1
UFQFPN20
beeper
STM8L series – ultra-low-power MCUs - 16 MHz CPU
28x12-bit
41
1
LQFP48
1x8-bit, 2x16-bit
2 x WDG,
LQFP80
1x8-bit, 4x16-bit
28x12-bit 2x12-bit 68
2
AWU, RTC,
LQFP80
1x8-bit, 4x16-bit
28x12-bit 2x12-bit 68
2
beeper
LQFP64
1x8-bit, 4x16-bit
28x12-bit 2x12-bit 54
2
-40 to +85
-40 to +125
7
Note: * this device is provided with a 4 x 44/8 x 40 display controller (LCD)
Industrial communication
We look here at the devices and solutions
to implement field buses. Architectures are
based around MCUs and DSPs, and the
following considerations are fundamental:
• Flexibility for the different protocols
• Real-time implementation
• Functional safety of the solution
• Power and space versus cost
These considerations result in the final
implementation which can have different
levels of scalability:
• MCU: lowest implementation cost
• MCU + FPGA: the use of an FPGA as glue
logic enhances protocol flexibility and I/O
extension
• MCU + ASIC or ASSP: a dedicated platform
is often the result of consortium choices in
building new standards
• System-on-chip: optimized solution
resulting in best efficiency and
performance
MCU based
architecture
Control
unit
MCU + ASIC (or ASSP)
architecture
PHY
Memory
PHY
Memory
Control
unit
ASIC or
ASSP
MCU + FPGA
architecture
•••
•••
•••
•••
FPGA
Control
unit
PHY
Memory
SoC based
architecture
Memory
PHY
Industrial Ethernet HW Implementation
• Best technology trade-off • Functional Safety
• Deterministic
• Open Standards
• Dedicated Real-Time data • Scalability
• HW and SW partitioning
• Development Time + Cost
• High reliability
• Consortiums and Partners
The diagram above is an attempt to define a very complex scenario, focusing on the four main architectural concepts previously introduced.
For designers involved in developing an industrial protocol stack, the question often concerns which MCU has the features that best fit the
required protocol. To answer this question, we provide here a complete list of the industrial solutions with application field, provider and solution
name (the protocol to be implemented), first for the STM32 family and then for our STM8 MCUs.
Industrial communication solutions with STM32 MCUs
Solution name
Provider
Application
Model
Cost
eCosCentric
Factory Automation
Sources
License
CANopen
IXXAT
Automation, Medical
Source
License
CANopen
MicroControl
Factory Automation
Binaries
License + royalties
CANopen
Port
Factory Automation
Source
License
DALI
ST
Lighting
Source
Free
CANopen
DeviceNet
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Source
License
DeviceNet
MicroControl
Factory Automation
Binaries
License + royalties
DeviceNet
DLMS/COSEM
DMX
eCosPro-CAN
Factory Automation
Source
License
Metering
Binaries
License
ST
Lighting/Home Building Automation
Source
Free
eCosCentric
Factory Automation
Sources
License
EtherCAT
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Source
License
EtherCAT
MicroControl
Factory Automation
Binaries
License + royalties
EtherCAT1
Port
Factory Automation
Source
License
Ethernet/IP
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Source
License
Ethernet/IP1
Port
Factory Automation
Source
License
Ethernet/IP
TMG
Factory Automation
Source
License + royalties
MESCO
Process Automation
Source
License + royalties
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Source
License
IO-Link
TEConcept
Factory Automation
Binaries
License + royalties
IO-Link
TEConcept
Factory Automation
Source
License
J1939
IXXAT
Commercial vehicles
Source
License
MESCO
Factory Automation
Source
License + royalties
Modbus RTU/ASCII
Embedded Solutions
Factory Automation
Binaries
License + royalties
Modbus RTU/ASCII
Port
Factory Automation
Source
License
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Source
License
HART Master/Slave
IEEE 1588 PTP
8
Port
Andrea Informatique
Modbus
Modbus TCP
Modbus TCP1
µC/Modbus
OPC-UA server
Port
Factory Automation
Source
License
Micrium
Factory Automation
Source
License
License + royalties
Embedded Labs
Factory and Building Automation
Binaries
openSAFETY
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Open source
Free
POWERLINK
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Source
License
POWERLINK1
Port
Factory Automation
Source
License
Profibus PA
MESCO
Factory Automation
Binaries
License + royalties
Profibus DP and PA
TEConcept
Factory Automation
Source
License
PROFINET
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Source
License
PROFINET
Port
Factory Automation
Source
License
License + royalties
PROFINET
TMG
Factory Automation
Source
PTPd
PTPd
Factory Automation
Open source (BSD)2
free
Sercos III
IXXAT
Factory Automation
Source
License
Cost
Note:1: With external MAC or with ESC1100/1200 (EtherCAT)
2: PTPd ported on STM32 by ST
Industrial communication solutions with STM8 MCUs
Solution name
Provider
Application
Model
ST
Lighting
Source
Free
IO-Link
TEConcept
Factory automation
Binaries
License
IO-Link
TEConcept
Factory automation
Source
License
TAPKO
Building automation
Binaries
License + royalties
DALI
KNX
IO-Link
In the industrial communication field, we would dedicate a special mention to the IO-Link protocol. Even if we are talking about a P2P
communication, the effort spent in the last years in designing ICs both for Master and the Device side (as it is called the Slave side in the IO-Link
domain) with the most advanced ST technologies, as well as the increasing importance this standard is covering in the industrial environments,
give us the chance to put it in evidence.
The L6360 and L6362A* are the key products in the implementation of the IO-Link communication standard, inherent to the field layer.
Vcc
Vdd1
UART
32-bit
microcontroller
(STM32)
I²C
L6360
GPIO
Vdd2
Network DC-DC
converter
L+
C/Qo
C/Qi
LI/Q
L+
C/Q
UART
L6362A*
LI/Q
Device (Slave)
Master
GPIO
8-bit or 32-bit
microcontroller
(STM8, STM32)
Sensor
Using our MultiPower BCD technology that allows the design of the logic part, and robust LV power MOSFETs in the same chip, ST offers an
efficient, compact and cost-effective solution to drive any 3-wire digital sensor.
Modern sensors and actuators require:
• Remote service
• Standardization
• Sensor functionality verification
• Diagnostics
• Monitoring
The L6360 and L6362A* I/O industrial transceiver ICs meet all these requirements. These new ICs offer the market IO-Link sensors/actuators
that work without special cables (standard M8 or M12 cables and connectors can be used). They feature an advanced solution that can be
integrated even in old systems, that is neutral to any field bus, and keeps P2P communication.
Industrial transceiver ICs are designed to be compliant with burst tests, surge tests and ESD immunity tests, based on the IO-Link specification
and SIO mode requirements.
Part number
L6360 (Master)
L6362A* (Device)
Supply
voltage
(V)
Output
I linear
Output
Input
current max
Technology
reg. (mA)
channels channels
(A)
Multipower
18 to 32.5 3.3/5
0.5
65
2
2
BCD
Multipower
5 to 40 3.3/5
0.2
8
1
1
BCD
VDD
(V)
Package
QFN 26L
3.5 x 5
DFN 12L
3x3
In the following table, product evaluation boards are listed.
Order code
STEVAL-IFP016V2
STEVAL-IFP017V2*
Note: * under development
Description
IO-Link communication master transceiver demonstration board
based on the L6360
IO-Link communication device transceiver demonstration board based
on the L6362A
Application
notes
AN4075
-
9
Monitoring and sensing
MEMS motion sensors
ST’s MEMS (micro electromechanical sensors) portfolio includes accelerometers, gyroscopes, digital compasses and inertial modules
(www.st.com/mems). ST is a worldwide leader in these devices thanks to:
• A unique sensor portfolio, from discrete to fully-integrated solutions, to meet every design need
• High-volume manufacturing capacity to provide cost-competitive solutions, fast time-to-market and security of supply
• High performance sensor fusion to improve the accuracy of multi-axis sensor systems to enable new emerging and highly demanding
applications, such as indoor navigation and location based services
• High-level quality products, already tested in different application fields, including mobile, portable, gaming, consumer, automotive, healthcare
and industrial segments (more than 3 billion pieces shipped worldwide)
• Multiple dedicated sites for MEMS foundry, assembly and testing lines, with complete in-house dual sourcing MEMS motion sensors
(accelerometers, gyroscopes, digital compasses and inertial modules) are finding uses in advanced industrial applications, including:
• Robotics and automation (accelerometers, gyroscopes)
• Inertial navigation, to increase the accuracy of wheel encoders, self-balance robots
• Condition monitoring of industrial equipment and transportation (high g accelerometers)
• Asset and parcel tracking and monitoring (high g accelerometers, gyroscopes)
• Impact detection and logging
• Building and structure monitoring (accelerometers)
• Vibration and tilt monitoring
• Seismic exploration and geophones/idrophones (accelerometers)
• Vibration monitoring
• Drill (accelerometers, gyroscopes)
• Safety, detecting excessive rotation on the body of the drill if chuck gets stuck
• Tilt detection
Part number
Full scale
Noise density (Typ.)
Package size (mm)
Key features
LIS3DH
±2, ±4, ±8, ±16 g
220 μg/√Hz
3 x 3 x 1 LGA-16
12-bit, embedded FIFO
LIS3DSH
±2, ±4, ±8, ±16 g
150 μg/√Hz
3 x 3 x 1 LGA-16
16-bit, state machine, embedded FIFO
LIS331HH
±6, ±12, ±24 g
650 μg/√Hz
3 x 3 x 1 LGA-16
16-bit, up to ±24g full scale
H3LIS331DL
±100, ±200, ±400 g
1500 μg/√Hz
3 x 3 x 1 TFLGA-16L
16-bit, up to ±400g full scale, high shock survivability
LIS344ALH
±2, ±6 g
50 μg/√Hz
4 x 4 x 1.5 LGA-16L
Analog output
LIS2DH12
±2, ±4, ±8, ±16 g
220 μg/√Hz
2 x 2 x 1 LGA-12L
12-bit, embedded FIFO, board-compatible with compasses
L3GD20H
±250, ±500, ±2000 dps
0.011 °/s/√Hz
3 x 3 x 1 LGA-16L
±4/ ±8/ ±12/ ±16 gauss
X, Y axes: 3.2* mgauss
Z axis: 4.1* mgauss
Accelerometers
10
Gyroscopes
16 bit, immunity to audio noise, embedded FIFO
Magnetometer
LIS3MDL
2 x 2 x 1 LGA-12
16-bit data output, interrupt generator, self-test
Inertial modules
LSM6DS0
INEMO-M1
LSM9DS1
±2, ±4, ±8, ±16 g
±250, ±500, ±2000 dps
80 μg/√Hz
0.016 °/s/√Hz
±2, ±4, ±8, ±16 g
±250, ±500, ±2000 dps
±1.3 to ±8.1 Gauss
±2, ±4, ±8, ±16 g
±250, ±500, ±2000 dps
±4, ±8, ±12, ±16 gauss
220 μg/√Hz
0.03 °/s/√Hz
2 mgauss (resolution)
80 μg/√Hz
0.016 °/s/√Hz
3.5 mgauss
3 x 3 x 0.8 LGA-16L
6-axis system in package (SiP) compact and easy-to-assemble
solution, with embedded FIFO,
temperature sensor and programmable interrupt generators
13 x 13 x 2 PCB
9-axis system on board (SoB) with all the features and power of the
STM32F103 32-bit MCU in a solderable small module
3.5 x 3 x 1 LGA-24L
9-axis system in package (SiP) compact and easy-to-assemble
solution, with embedded FIFO,
temperature sensor and programmable interrupt generators
Digital compasses
LSM303C
±2, ±4, ±8 g
±16 gauss
150 μg/√Hz
3.5 mgauss
2 x 2 x 1 LGA-12L
eCompass system in package (SiP) with embedded FIFO,
temperature sensor and programmable interrupt generators.
Board and software compatible with the latest generation of
accelerometers, to offer maximum design flexibility
iNEMO® software engine features motion multi-sensor data fusion
The iNEMO® engine sensor fusion suite is a filtering and predictive software. It uses advanced
algorithms to integrate outputs from multiple MEMS sensors in a smart way, independent
of environmental conditions, to reach the best performance. Real-time motion-sensor data
fusion is set to significantly improve the user experience, increasing accuracy, resolution,
stability and response time in advanced motion-based applications in consumer, computer,
industrial and medical fields. The iNEMO® engine can be combined with ST’s iNEMO® inertial
modules to create the industry’s first complete and customizable hardware/software multi-axis
MEMS sensor solutions for enhanced motion and accurate heading recognition. Equipment
manufacturers across different market segments can now easily and quickly deploy robust
and reliable high-performance motion detection systems with up to 10 degrees of freedom,
comprising 3-axis sensing of linear, angular, and magnetic motion with barometer/altitude
readings from a pressure sensor, enabling true augmented-reality applications.
www.st.com/inemo-engine
BENEFITS
• Absolute point tracking and motion
tracking accuracy
• Immunity to magnetic interference
for high performance in real-world
conditions
• Few user-calibration interruptions,
enabling innovative and
longer game play
• Reliable compass heading for
accurate navigation
• Accurate direction, enabling true
augmented-reality applications
11
List of iNEMO® Software Engines:
Software version
Description
Sensor fusion library code
INEMO-ENG-M1LI3
LITE version for INEMO-M1: Based on the Kalman filter theory applied to MEMS sensors, iNEMO® M1 lite software
library is a free source code that could be used for the STM32 and for customizable HW/SW solutions.
Source code
iNEMOENgine_PW8
Pro version: This firmware running on the STM32 manages sensors on Windows 8 using the standard human
interface devices (HID) over USB/I2C.
Allows sensor plug-and-play recognition and new application development using Windows 8 standard APIs.
(Compatible with Intel x86 and ARM processors).
Compiled code
iNEMOEngine_PI3P
Platform independent
Pro version: This firmware allows you to develop new custom applications running on the STM32 or to collect
real-time sensor fusion data thorough Virtual COM from any platform (platform independent).
Compiled code
iNEMOENgine_PAAP
Pro version: This is a complete solution to support Android platforms by providing the hardware abstraction layer,
sensor drivers and sensor fusion library.
Compiled code
MEMS sensor evaluation kit
ST has deep expertise in sensor integration and new application development and can assist customers in design-in. ST’s evaluation kits and
firmware allow real-time evaluation of sensor performance in customer applications.
(www.st.com/mems-boards) and (www.st.com/mems-drivers)
Evaluation KIT
USB connector
ST offers a complete evaluation kit
including:
MEMS-sensor
adapter
• A motherboard compatible with
all ST MEMS adapters, based
on a high-performance 32-bit
microcontroller
(order code: STEVAL-MKI109V2)
• A full set of MEMS sensor
adapters, that are complementary
to the motherboard and can mount
all sensors
• An innovative graphic user
interface for direct and real-time
access to the sensor configuration
registers
Part number
STM32
microcontroller
JTAG/SWD
Test points
Description
Board type
STEVAL-MKI119V1
Motherboard + adapter board:
STEVAL-MKI119V1 kit includes STEVAL-MKI109V2 (motherboard) + STEVAL-MKI108V2
(9-axis module, L3GD20 and LSM303DLHC)
STEVAL-MKI109V2
MEMS motherboard is based on STM32F103 high performance ARM 32-bit Cortex®-M3 MCU.
Interfaces: USB connector, JTAG/SWD for debug.
Ready to support iNEMO® Engine.
DFU compatible for USB microprocessor firmware update, compatible with all ST MEMS adapters
STEVAL-MKI115V1
The system is ready for any wireless extension and external Bluetooth dongle is available
Extender board
STEVAL-MKI121V1
Evaluation board for INEMO(R)-M1 that includes an LPS331AP pressure sensor representing a complete
10-DoF open platform. USB and SWD connectors for debugging and programming
Discovery-M1
X-NUCLEO-IKS01A1
Expansion board for STM32-Nucleo universal hardware platform. It embeds 9-axis Motion sensors,
Pressure, Humidity and Temperature sensors.
It can be extended with a large variety of DIL24 Sensor adapters
Development kit
12
Motherboard
Nucleo shield extender board
Temperature sensors
STMicroelectronics’ temperature sensors include both analog and digital temperature sensor ICs. Both types are suitable for use in a wide range
of applications, including the industrial segment. (www.st.com/tempsensors)
Part number
Full scale
Type
Resolution
Key features
Package size (mm)
STLM20
-55 to +130 °C
Analog
Accuracy: 1.5 °C max at 25 °C (±0.5 °C typ)
Ultra-low current 2.4 V precision
analog temperature sensor
1 x 1.3 x 0.5 UDFN-4L
2 x 2.1 SOT323-5L
STTS751
-40 to +125 °C
Digital
Accuracy: ±1.0 °C (typ) 0 °C to +85 °C,
±2.0 °C (typ) -40 °C to +125 °C
2.25 V low-voltage local digital
temperature sensor
2 x 2 x 0.5 UDFN-6L
2.9 x 2.8 SOT23-6L
Proximity detectors
Proximity sensors fall into three main categories: capacitive sensors, inductive sensors, and ultrasonic sensors.
IO-Link technology is the first standardized IO technology worldwide (IEC 61131-9) for communication with these sensors, as well as actuators.
This powerful point-to-point communication is based on the long established 3-wire sensor and actuator connection, without additional
requirements regarding the cable material. ST has developed physical layer interfaces according to the IO-Link system specification supporting
this technology.
With our MCU families STM8 and STM32 plus IO-link stack, ST offers a unique product spectrum for this future technology.
The simplified block diagram below presents a complete system compliant with the IEC 60947-5-2 design recommendation. ST offers, for the
front end block, BCD smart-power technology, able to match most ASIC specifications.
Inductive proximity detectors block diagram
Driving circuits
Front end
Driving circuits
Part number
Control part
Function
STM8L
Driver
Protection
Description
Cable
Proximity
sensor
Package
8-bit MCU
LQFP, TFBGA, TSSOP 20, UFQFPN, WLCSP
32-bit MCU
LQFP, TSSOP 20, UFQFPN
Control unit
STM32F0
TDE1707
SO8
Driver
Intelligent power switches
TDE1708DFT
L6362A*
DFN 4x4mm
Transceiver
SPT01-335DEE
IO-Link device
Triple diode array for power bus protection
DFN 12L 3x3mm
QFN3x3-6L 3x3x1 mm
Protection
SPT02-236DDB
Note: * under development
Double diode array for switch protection and reverse blocking
μQFN-2L 3.3x1.5x0.8 mm
13
Actuators and Motor Control
Motor driving: performance, integration and efficiency for leading motion control solutions
ST offers a wide selection of ICs dedicated to motion control to match at best an application spectrum that spans widely across power ratings and
motor types, not to mention system partitioning. All products have comprehensive built-in protection and diagnostic schemes to help attain the
level of long term reliability and robustness requested to cope with the harsh factory automation environment.
To begin with this, a large selection within the different functional blocks is offered:
Fully integrated motor drivers, with a portfolio to cover stepper and three phase BLDC motors now expanding from monolithic to flat package
modules with the new powerSTEP, packing and 85 V/10 A driver into a small form factor 14x11 mm QFN package.
Controllers and gate drivers, comprising single chip combination of high performance micro-stepping control with 85 V rated power MOSFET
drivers.
Integrated power stages, with a range of full (H-bridge), dual full bridge and three phase bridges available in a number of package choices to fit at
best the power ratings of the application.
MOSFET/IGBT drivers with a complete line up of high voltage (650 V) half-bridge drivers with added functionalities like comparators and op amps,
now further expanding with the new STGAP1S galvanically isolated single IGBT driver rated 1.5 KV, including an extensive set of features to tailor
solutions for the upper end power range.
• Input to output propagation delay: < 150 ns
• High-voltage rail: up to 1.5 kV
• Positive drive voltage: up to 36 V
• Driver current capability: 5 A sink, source current at 25 °C
• SPI interface for parameter programming and diagnostics, daisy chaining possibility
• Active Miller clamp and desaturation detection
• Overcurrent and over-temperature protection
• Output 2-level turn off
Isolation
14
Transmitter
U-transformer
Receiver
To give an idea of our products’ range, a list motor driving ICs is reported.
Part number
Description
powerSTEP
System-in-package integrating microstepping
controller and 10 A power MOSFETs
L6470
L6472
L6480
L6482
Package
RDS(on) Supply Voltage Output Current
(Ω)
max (V)
RMS max (A)
Application
QFN 11x14
0.016
85
10
Stepper motor
Microstepping motor driver with motion engine and SPI
HTSSOP28; PowerSO 36
0.3
45
3
Stepper motor
Microstepping motor driver with motion engine and SPI
HTSSOP28; PowerSO 36
0.3
45
3
Stepper motor
HTSSOP38
-
85
-
Stepper motor
HTSSOP38
-
85
-
Stepper motor
HTSSOP28; PowerSO 36
0.3
45
3
Stepper motor
TQFP 64 10x10x1.0
0.3
38
2.5
Stepper motor
0.3
52
2.8
Stepper motor
0.7
52
1.4
Stepper motor
Microstepping motor controller
with motion engine and SPI
Microstepping motor controller
with motion engine and SPI
L6474
Fully integrated microstepping motor driver
L6460
SPI configurable stepper and DC multi motor driver
L6208
Fully Integrated Stepper Motor Driver
L6228
DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver
With PWM current controller and decay selection
PDIP 24 .3; PowerSO 36; SO24; VFQFPN 48 7x7x1.0
PDIP 24 .3; PowerSO 36; SO24; VFQFPN 32 5x5x1.0
L6506
Current controller for stepper motors
PDIP 18; SO-20
62
7
-
Stepper motor
L297
Stepper Motor Controller
PDIP 20; SO-20
-
7
-
Stepper motor
L6201
DMOS Full Bridge Driver
PowerSO-20; SO-20
0.3
48
1
DC Motor
Part number
Description
RDS(on) Supply Voltage Output Current
(Ω)
max (V)
RMS max (A)
Package
Application
L6202
DMOS Full Bridge Driver
PDIP 18
0.3
48
1
DC Motor
L6203
DMOS Full Bridge Driver
MW 11L
0.3
48
1
DC Motor
L6205
Dual DMOS Full Bridge Driver
PDIP 20; PowerSO-20; SO-20
0.3
52
2.8
DC/Stepper motor
0.3
52
2.8
DC/Stepper motor
0.3
52
2.8
DC/Stepper motor
0.7
52
1.4
DC/Stepper motor
0.7
52
1.4
DC/Stepper motor
0.7
52
1.4
DC/Stepper motor
MW 15L; PowerSO-20
-
36
2
DC/Stepper motor
PDIP 16; SO-20
-
36
0.6
DC/Stepper motor
L6206
Dual DMOS Full Bridge Driver with Diagnostic
L6207
Dual DMOS Full Bridge Driver with PWM Current
Controller
L6225
DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver
PDIP 24 .3; PowerSO 36;
SO-24; VFQFPN 48 7x7x1.0
PDIP 24 .3; PowerSO 36;
SO-24; VFQFPN 48 7x7x1.0
PDIP 20; PowerSO-20; SO-20
PDIP 24 .3; PowerSO 36;
SO-24; VFQFPN 32 5x5x1.0
PDIP 24 .3; PowerSO 36;
SO-24; VFQFPN 32 5x5x1.0
L6226
DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver with Diagnostic
L6227
DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver
With PWM Current Controller
L298
Dual Full Bridge Driver
L293D
Dual Full Bridges with Diodes and Thermal Protection;
Push-Pull Four Channel Drivers with Diodes
L293E
Push-Pull Four Channel Drivers
PDIP 20
-
36
1
DC/Stepper motor
L293B
Push-Pull Four Channel Drivers
PDIP 16
-
36
1
DC/Stepper motor
L2293Q
Dual Bridge Driver with Thermal protection
VFQFPN 32 5x5x1.0
-
36
0.6
DC Motor
0.7
52
1.4
BLDC Motor
0.7
52
1.4
BLDC Motor
PDIP 20; PowerSO-20
0.3
52
2.8
BLDC Motor
PDIP 24 .3; PowerSO 36;
SO-24; VFQFPN 48 7x7x1.0
0.3
52
2.8
BLDC Motor
L6229
DMOS driver for three-phase brushless DC motor
L6230
DMOS driver for three-phase brushless DC motor
L6234
Three Phase Motor Driver
L6235
PDIP 24 .3; PowerSO 36;
SO-24; VFQFPN 32 5x5x1.0
PowerSO 36;
VFQFPN 32 5x5x1.0
Three Phase Brushless DC Motor Driver
MOSFET and IGBT drivers’ product table
Part
number
Logic interface
Input configuration
15
VCC max UVLO on
(V)
VCC (V)
Configuration
UVLO on
VBOOT (V)
Interlocking DT (µs)
Op
amp
Comparator
# pins
Half-bridge drivers
L6384E
Single in, SD
5, 15 V
18
10/12
-
0.5 ÷ 2.7
No
No
8
L6385E
HIN and LIN
5, 15 V
18
8.3/9.6
8.2/9.5
-
No
No
8
L6386E
L6386AD
HIN, LIN, SD
5, 15 V
18
10/12
8.3/9.6
9.9/11.9
8.2/9.5
9.9/11.9
No
Yes, uncommitted
14
L6387E
HIN and LIN
5, 15 V
18
5.5/6
-
Interlocking
No
No
8
L6388E
HIN and LIN
3.3, 5, 15 V
18
8.3/9.6
8.2/9.5
0.32
No
No
8
L6390
HIN, LIN, SD
3.3, 5, 15 V
21
10.5/12
10/11.5
0.18 ÷ 3
Yes
Yes, committed to fault + SSD
16
L6391
HIN, LIN, SD
3.3, 5, 15 V
21
10.5/12
10/11.5
0.18 ÷ 3
No
Committed to fault + SSD
14
L6392
HIN, LIN, SD
3.3, 5, 15 V
21
10.5/12
10/11.5
0.18 ÷ 3
Yes
No
14
L6393
Phase, brake, SD
3.3, 5, 15 V
21
8.0/9.5
8/9
0.18 ÷ 3
No
Yes, uncommitted
14
L6395
HIN and LIN
3.3, 5, 15 V
20
8.8/9.5
8/8.6
-
No
No
8
L6398
HIN and LIN
3.3, 5, 15 V
21
8.0/9.5
8/9
0.32
No
No
8
Single-channel drivers
TD350E
Single in (opto/pulse trans compatible)
5V
26
11
-
-
No
-
14
TD351
Single in (opto/pulse trans compatible
5V
26
11
-
-
No
No
8
TD352
Single in (opto compatible)
5V
26
11
-
-
No
No
8
A complete ecosystem to ease your designs
Designing motor control applications becomes much easier with the outstanding performance, features and full support of ST’s portfolio of motor
drivers making DC, stepper and brushless motor control designs more efficient in a variety of applications such as:
• Industrial robotics
• Stage lighting
• Medical
• Textile, sewing and pick and place
• Printers
• Security and surveillance
machines
• Points-of-sale, ATM, vending machines
A complete offering of evaluation boards is provided, together with low cost plug and play discovery kits: ideal development tool for both
beginners and experienced users, it is autonomous and can be used with a software interface or with a custom firmware thanks to the
embedded microcontroller.
Schematics, BOM and Gerber files are available for facilitating your hardware design together with comprehensive technical documentation.
Software suites are also provided to enable quick and easy development of motor driving solutions.
For more information and free download, visit: www.st.com/stmotorcontrol
Part Number
16
Description
Core Product
X-NUCLEO-IHM01A1
Stepper motor driver expansion board for STM32 Nucleo
EVLPOWERSTEP01
System-in-package integrating micro-stepping controller and 10 A power MOSFETs
EVAL6470H
Fully integrated stepper motor driver
L6470
EVAL6470H-DISC
Discovery kit: development tool to explore L6470 motor driver
L6470
EVAL6470PD
Fully integrated stepper motor driver mounting the L6470 in a high power PowerSO package
L6470
EVAL6472H
Fully integrated stepper motor driver based on the L6472
L6472
EVAL6472H-DISC
Discovery kit: development tool to explore L6472 motor driver
L6472
EVAL6472PD
Fully integrated stepper motor driver mounting the L6472 in a high power PowerSO package
L6472
EVAL6474H
Stepper motor driver mounting the L6474
L6474
EVAL6474PD
Stepper motor driver mounting the L6474 in high power PowerSO package
L6474
EVAL6480H
Fully integrated micro-stepping motor controller with motion engine and SPI
L6480H
EVAL6482H
Fully integrated micro-stepping motor controller with motion engine and SPI
L6482H
EVAL6460
SPI configurable stepper and DC multi motor driver
L6460
EVAL-IBU-STR7
Control interface board dedicated to the EVAL6460
L6460, STR7
EVAL6205N
L6205 DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver
L6205
EVAL6206N
L6206 DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver in PowerDIP Package
L6206
EVAL6206PD
L6206 DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver in PowerSO Package Evaluation Board
L6206
EVAL6206Q
Dual full bridge with programmable overcurrent
L6206Q
EVAL6207N
L6207N DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver with PWM Current Controller
L6207
EVAL6207Q
Dual full bridge with integrated PWM current controllers
L6207Q
EVAL6208N
L6208 DMOS Driver for Bipolar Stepper Motor in PowerDip Package Evaluation board
L6208
EVAL6208PD
L6208 DMOS Driver for Bipolar Stepper Motor in PowerSO Package Evaluation board
L6208
EVAL6208Q
Stepper motor driver mounting the L6208Q
L6208Q
EVAL6225PD
L6225 DMOS Dual full bridge driver
L6225
EVAL6226QR
L6226Q Dual full-bridge driver
L6226Q
EVAL6227PD
L6227 DMOS Dual Full Bridge Driver with PWM Current Controller
L6227
EVAL6227QR
Demonstration board using a dual full-bridge L6227Q for motor control applications
L6227Q
EVAL6228QR
L6228Q: Dual full bridge with PWM current control and translator for stepper reference design board
L6228Q
EVAL6229PD
L6229 DMOS Driver for Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor
L6229
EVAL6229QR
L6229Q DMOS driver for a three-phase BLDC motor control application
L6229Q
EVAL6235N
L6235 DMOS Driver for Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor
L6235
EVAL6235PD
L6235 three-phase brushless DC motor driver
L6235
EVAL6235Q
Three phase BLDC motor driver mounting the L6235Q
L6235Q
EVAL6393FB
Low voltage full bridge reference design board featuring L6393 advanced high-voltage gate driver
L6393
EVAL2293Q
L2293Q push-pull four channel driver with integrated diodes
L2293Q
STEVAL-IKM001V1
Evaluation kit based on the L6470H
L6470H
EVALPRACTISPIN
PractiSPIN Interface Board
STEVAL-PCC009V2
IBU Motor Control & IPS universal interface
L6474PD
POWERSTEP01
STM32F103RBT6
The expansion board X-NUCLEO-IHM01A1 is a plug and play solution based on
L6474 micro-stepping motor driver, to benefit from easySPIN advanced current control with
adaptive decay for smooth and silent motion.
Fully protected and SPI configurable for diagnostics easySPIN is ideal for driving 3D and
professional printers, stage lighting, vending machines, industrial equipment and robotics.
The X-NUCLEO-IHM01A1 is compatible with the Arduino UNO R3 connector and easily
stackable in order to drive up to three stepper motors with a single STM32 Nucleo board.
ST also provides a complete ecosystem for motor control, based on the STM32 MCU family, as
it is deeply discussed in the Control layer chapter.
Power transistors
High voltage
Leading-edge power technologies for low
Hight current
(<150 V), high (600/650 V) and very high
voltage (1200 V and over) applications
kW
combined with a full package range and
innovative die bonding technologies exemplify
25
ST’s innovation in power transistors.
Our portfolio includes MOSFETs ranging from
GTO
-500 to 1500 V, silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFETs
10
featuring the industry’s highest temperature
rating of 200 °C, IGBTs with breakdown
voltages ranging from 350 to 1300 V and a
wide range of power bipolar transistors.
IGBT
For power applications up to 650 V, key ST
1.0
technologies are the MDmesh™ M2 and
BJT
MDmesh™ M5 (M2: best for LLC resonant
converters with reduced switching losses
through optimized Qg, Ciss, Coss and M5: the
0.1
leading technology for hard switch, Industry’s
0
1
one of the lower RDS(on) in the Market)) for the
MOSFETs and the V- and HB-series in Trench
Field Stop technology for IGBTs, while the
future is our GaN HEMT* (high electron mobility transistor) technology, approaching an ideal
switch. This application range is also covered with our IGBTs in Trench Field Stop technology,
with the “V” and the “HB” series.
Very high voltage applications are traditionally the domain of IGBTs and now also of SiC
MOSFETs. Newly developed technologies for Trench Field Stop IGBTs at 1200 V are the
H-series for high frequency application and the M- and S-series respectively tailored for
medium to low frequency motor control applications (all these series are 175 °C rated). SiC
MOSFETs are addressed by a new technology with temperature ratings up to 200 °C.
Note: * in development
17
MOSFET
100
1000
High frequency
Power MOSFETs
ST’s offering of power MOSFETs includes hundreds of devices. The table below presents a selection with different packages and our latest silicon
technologies, with voltages up to 650 V (and over). The following diagram indicates part number assignment.
ST
x
Package
B
D
D8
E
F
FW
H
I
IF
L
N
P
Q
S
U
W
W...
Y
18
D PAK
DPAK
DIP-8
ISOTOP®
TO-220FP
TO-3PF
H2PAK (2 to 7 leads)
I2PAK
I2PAKFP
PowerFLAT™
(3.3x3.3 HV; 5x5;
5x6 HV & VHV; 8x8 HV)
SOT-223
TO-220
TO-92
SO-8
IPAK (-S for short leads)
TO-247
-4 = TO247-4
Max247®
2
Part number
88
N
Indicative
current range
65
Breakdown voltage ÷ 10
(with the exception
of non 10 multiples)
y
M5
Technology
M5
M2
K3
K5
U
MDmesh™
M5 Series > 200 V up to 650 V
MDmesh™
M2 Series > 400 V up to 650 V
SuperMESH3™
K3 Series > 450 V up to 680 V
MDmesh™
K5 Series > 800 V up to 1500 V
UltraFASTmesh™ ≥ 500 V up to 520 V
Channel polarity
N
P
N...N
N...P
DN
or DP
N-channel
P-channel
Two different N-channel dice
Complementary pair
Special features
T
C
D
Dual N-Ch or dual P-Ch
Temperature sensing
Current sensing
Fast recovery diode
30
RDS(on) (@ VGS = 10 V)
max (Ω)
0.0011
Drain current (Dc)
(I_D) max (A)
50
Total power dissipation
(PD) max (W)
4.8
Total gate charge (Qg)
VGS = 4.5 V (nC)
46
40
0.0013
200
300
160
Package
VDSS (V)
STL220N3LLH7
PowerFLAT 5x6
STH320N4F6-2
H2PAK-2
STP160N4LF6
TO-220
40
0.0029
120
150
181
STP110N55F6
TO-220
55
0.0052
110
150
126
STP270N8F7
TO-220
80
0.0025
180
315
193
STH310N10F7
H2PAK-2L
100
0.0025
180
315
180
17
STD6N52K3
DPAK
400
1.2
4.4
70
STW36N55M5
TO-247
550
0.08
33
190
72
STY100NM60N
Max247
600
0.029
98
625
330
STW20N95K5
TO-247
950
0.33
17.5
250
40
STW6N120K3
TO-247
1200
2.4
6
150
34
STFW4N150
TO-3PF
1500
7
4
63
30
A wide choice of p-channel power MOSFETs, in a voltage range from -500 to -20 V, is also available (www.st.com/powermosfets).
Part number
-60
RDS(on) (@ VGS = 10 V)
max (Ω)
0.16
Drain current (Dc)
(I_D) max (A)
-10
Total power dissipation
(PD) max (W)
35
Total gate charge (Qg)
typ (nC)
6.4
-20
-
8
2.4
22
Package
VDSS (V)
STU10P6F6
IPAK
STL8P2UH7
SOT23-6L
SiC MOSFETs
Based on the advanced and innovative
properties of wide bandgap materials,
ST’s silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFETs feature
very low RDS(on)* area for the 1200 V
rating combined with excellent switching
performance, translating into more efficient
and compact systems. Compared with silicon
MOSFETs, SiC MOSFETs exhibit low on-state
resistance* area even at high temperatures
and excellent switching performances
versus the best-in-class 1200 V IGBTs in all
temperature ranges, simplifying the thermal
design of power electronic systems.
The main features and benefits of our SiC MOSFETs include:
• Very high temperature handling capability (Tjmax = 200 °C) leading to reduced PCB form
factors (simplified thermal management) as well as improved system reliability
• Significantly reduced switching losses (minimal variation versus temperature) resulting in
more compact designs (with smaller passive components)
• Low on-state resistance (80 mΩ typical at 25 °C) resulting in higher system efficiency
(reduced cooling requirements)
• Simple to drive (cost-effective network driving)
• Very fast and robust intrinsic body diode (no need for external freewheeling diode, thus more
compact systems)
BVDSS (V)
RDS (Ω)
Max ID (A)
Qg (nC)
Sales Type
Main application
Packages
1200
0.1
45
103
SCT30N120
3-phase SMPS, Welding, Solar inverter, Motor control
H PAK, HiP247™
2
IGBTs
With breakdown voltages ranging from
350 V to 1300 V, ST’s IGBTs feature
the optimal trade-off between switching
performance and on-state behavior due to
their proprietary technology. They enable
greater all round energy-efficient system
designs in applications such as motor control,
photovoltaics, UPS, automotive, induction
heating, welding, lighting and others
(www.st.com/igbt).
Some of the features of our IGBT portfolio are
as follows:
• Low VCE(SAT) for reduced conduction losses
• Improved switch-off energy spread versus
increasing temperature resulting in
reduced switching losses
• Tight parameter distribution for design
simplification and easy paralleling
• Co-packaged, tailored anti-parallel diode
option for improved power dissipation and best thermal management
These IGBTs are based on both standard punch-through technology, ideal for white goods, and the newly introduced trench-gate field-stop
technology which enables extremely fast turn-off times with minimal tail currents, stable behavior over temperature, and a low VCE(SAT) that,
coupled with the positive de-rating with temperature, improves the applications’ efficiency.
19
STG
x
60
Max continuos
current @ 100 °C
Package
B
D
F
FW
I
L
P
Q
S
U
W
WT
Y
V
D PAK
DPAK
TO-220FP
TO-3PF
I2PAK
PowerFLAT™ (8x8)
TO-220
TO-92
SO-8
IPAK (-S for short leads)
TO-247
TO-3P
Max247®
2
60
y
DD
F
Breakdown
voltage ÷ 10
Technology
generation
F
IGBT technology speed
H
H...B
V
M
S
High speed (10 ÷ 35 kHz)
High speed improved (8 ÷ 50 kHz)
Very high speed (20 ÷ 120 kHz)
Low loss (up to 20 kHz)
Low drop (up to 4 kHz)
z
Special features
C
T
Z
L
Current sensing
Temperature sensing
Clamped by Zener diode
Logic level
Trench gate field stop
Diode options
D Very fast rescovery
DR Ultra fast recovery
DL Low fast voltage*
Note: * For soft switch applications only
Part number
20
STGx30V60DF
STGx40V60DF
STGx60V60DF
STGx40H65DFB
STGx60H65DFB
STGx80H65DFB
STGx15H120DF2
STGx25H120DF2
STGx40H120DF2
STGx15M120DF3
STGx25M120DF3
STGx40M120DF3
BVCES
(V)
600
600
600
650
650
650
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
ICN1
(A)
30
40
60
40
60
80
15
25
40
15
25
40
VCE(SAT)2
(V)
1.85
1.8
1.85
1.6
1.6
1.6
2.1
2.1
2.1
1.85
1.85
1.85
Eoff3
(mJ)
0.23
0.41
0.55
0.48
0.63
1.2
0.45
0.8
1.3
0.9
1.5
2.3
Max TJ
Switching
(°C) frequency range
175
V (20 - 120 kHz)
175
V (20 - 120 kHz)
175
V (20 - 120 kHz)
175
HB (8 - 50 kHz)
175
HB (8 - 50 kHz)
175
HB (8 - 50 kHz)
175
H (15 - 50 kHz)
175
H (15 - 50 kHz)
175
H (15 - 50 kHz)
175
M (4 - 20 kHz)
175
M (4 - 20 kHz)
175
M (4 - 20 kHz)
FRD
option
Very Fast
Very Fast
Very Fast
Very Fast
Very Fast
Very Fast
Very Fast
Very Fast
Very Fast
Soft, fast
Soft, fast
Soft, fast
Package
D2PAK TO-220 TO-247 TO-3P TO-247LL Max247 TO-3PF
B
P
W
WT
FW
W
WT
FW
W
WT
W
WT
W
WT
W
WT
Y
W
W
W
W
WA
W
WA
W
WA
Note:1: ICN : IGBT nominal collector current @ TJ = 100 °C
2: VCE(SAT) : typical conduction losses @ ICN, TJ = 25 °C
3: Eoff : switching-off energy @ ICN, TJ = 25 °C on capacitive load (33 nF)
Diodes
We present here an overview of ST’s diode offering. We recommend that you visit www.st.com/diodes, to get more information.
The diagram below gives an idea of how many part numbers are available to fit all application needs.
ST offers Schottky and ultrafast rectifier
IO (A)
solutions for all market requirements. ST’s
latest developments include our M series,
240 A
based on Schottky technology, with improved
200 A
avalanche rating and the integration of higher
currents in low-profile PowerFLAT™ packages.
Our range of small-signal Schottky diodes
Power Schottky diodes
with flip-chip and SOD-923 packages
60 A
Ultrafast bipolar
helps meet the most stringent spacerectifiers
saving requirements, especially for portable
Field-effect
20 A
communication equipment.
rectifiers
SiC diodes
For high-efficiency rectification or
4A
3A
freewheeling functions, our new field effect
1 A Signal Schottky diodes
rectifier diodes, the FERD family improve the
>1 A
power density capability of converters.
15 V 40 V 60 V 100 V
150 V
200 V
600 V
1200 V VRRM (V)
For power converter applications where
silicon diodes reach the limits of their
operating temperature and power density, ST’s first- and second-generation silicon carbide devices offer optimal reliability.
ST
aa
Technology
PS Power Schottky
PSC SiC
TH Ultrafast
bb
c
ddd
Current rating
e
f
Connection type
Current: 0.5 A to 240 A
Void Two-lead configuration
C
dual common cathode
S
single in three-lead package
Code: 0.5 to 240
Packing type
Series
Void
H
For Schottky diodes (STPS)
medium VF/IH
L
high temperature (<120 V only)
low VF from IO/2 to IO (<120 V only)
M
low VF from IO/4 to IO2
S
low leakage current
low VF up to IO/4
SM
Void
L
For ultrafast diodes (STTH)
medium VF and Qrr
low VF (600 V mainly)
R
low Qrr recovery
LCD
transistor mode PFC
transistor
R trade-off mainly used for
Nota:
400 V and 600 V
Breakdown voltage
STPS (power Schottky)
code: VRRM = 15 V to 600 V
STPSC (SiC)
code: VRRM = 600 V
Void
first generation
Second generation
H
with highet surge
current capability
STPSC (SiC)
code: VRRM divided by 100
200 V to 1200 V
02 to 12
Through-hole packages
Void Axial: D0-41, DO-15, DO-201
D
TO-220AC
DI
TO-220I
T
TO-220AB
FP TO-220FPAB
PI
DOP3I
R
I2PAK
W
TO-247, DO-247
SMD packages
A
SMA
U
SMB
S
SMC
B
DPAK
G
D2PAK
TV1 ISOTOP (longitudinal)
TV2 ISOTOP (lateral)
g
h
Automotive grade
Void standard diode
automotive-grade
-Y
diode
Packing option
Void for axis-bulk
for SMA/B/C:
Void
tape and reel
Void for other packages: tube
tape and reel, for axial
RL
packages
tape and reel, for other
TR
packages
ST’s silicon-carbide diodes take advantage of SiC’s superior physical characteristics over Si, with 4 times better dynamic characteristics and 15%
less forward voltage, VF.
Their low reverse recovery characteristics make ST’s SiC diodes a key contributor to energy savings in SMPS applications and in emerging
domains such as solar energy conversion, EV or HEV charging stations, and other applications such as welding equipment and air conditioners.
ST’s SiC product portfolio includes a 20 A, 600 V diode, housed in a halogen-free TO-247 package, to extend its 4- to 12-amp, through-hole and
SMD package offering.
ST’s silicon-carbide diodes are now entering the second generation, with a 6 A, 1200 V device, and a 650 V series.
Current
SiC diode
Time
ST tandem diode
Si diode
SiC diodes provide zero recovery time
with negligible switching losses
21
Power modules
Starting from power switches, considered
in die form, ST has also developed power
modules (www.st.com/modules).
With the aim of benefitting from device
integration and state-of-the-art materials to
optimize thermal spread, electrical efficiency
and bill of material, ST’s offering today is
based on molded modules as well as plastic
packages. While the former are useful for
power requirements up to 3 kW and can
integrate some on-board intelligence, plastic
power modules are suited for the industrial
environment and are able to support currents
of up to 100 A.
ST’s family of small low-loss intelligent
molded modules with power up to 3 kW is
called SLLIMM™.
22
Bridge rectifier
Microcontroller
The key features of this first family of power modules are:
• DBC (direct bonded copper) and vacuum
soldering process
• Smart shutdown function
• Comparators for fault protection against
overcurrent and short circuit
• Integrated bootstrap diodes
• Deadtime and interlocking function
• Undervoltage lockout function
• Op amp for advanced current sensing
• NTC sensor for temperature control
A new plastic power module family called
ACEPACK™ has been developed.
This new product family addresses mainly
low power industrial applications like
industrial motor drives, as well as solar
panels, welding and power management
(DC-DC, AC-DC converters for UPS, chargers,
etc.). Two packages, ACEPACK™ 1 and
ACEPACK™ 2 will be introduced and the first
prototypes will be available very soon, both
with Sixpack and converter inverter brake
ACEPACK™1 module, dimensions: 33.8 x 48 mm
(CIB) topologies.
Gate driver
Half bridge
Gate driver
Half bridge
Gate driver
Half bridge
NTC
temperature
monitoring
SLLIMM™
M
Feedback
ACEPACK™2 module, dimensions: 48 x 56.7 mm
Thyristors and AC switches
ST offers a complete range of thyristors and AC switches with voltage ratings up to 1200 V, current ratings up to 120 A and a range of packages
from miniature surface-mounted packages to high power dissipation isolated and non-isolated packages (www.st.com/thyristors).
To address the ever-increasing number of AC loads in industrial control, ST has developed overvoltage-protected AC switches combining
robustness and reliability with a straightforward design, as described in the table below.
AC switch
IT(RMS) (A)
VDRM/VRRM (V)
IGT (mA)
ACST210-8x4
2
800
10
4
ACST410-8x
4
800
ACST435-8x4
4
800
ACST610-8x4
6
ACST830-8x4
dV/dt (V/µs)
(dI/dt)c (A/ms)
TJ max (°C)
Package5
500
0.52
150
8, 4
10
500
2
2
150
8, 4
35
1000
53
150
8, 4
800
10
500
3.52
150
4, 5, 6, 7
8
800
30
2000
83
150
4, 5, 6
ACST1010-7x4
10
700
10
200
4.42
150
4, 5
ACST1210-7x4
12
700
10
200
5.3
150
4, 5
ACST1035-8FP
10
800
35
4000/20001
103/51, 3
150
4
ACST1235-8FP
12
800
35
4000/2000
123/61, 2
150
4
ACST1635-8FP
16
800
35
1000/3001
123/41, 3
150
4
Overvoltage self-protected switch, VCL = 850 V
1
Note:1: Specified at 125/150 °C
2: Snubber at 15 V/µs
3: Snubberless
4: Suffix x is related to the package. See package column: 4 = FP, 5 = T, 6 = G, 7 = R, 8 = B
5: Package: 4 = TO-220FPAB (Fullpack 1500 VRMS isolated, UL 1557 certified), 5 = TO-220AB, 6 = D2PAK, 7 = I2PAK, 8 = DPAK
Key features
Current ranges
Key benefits
• Aut-protected against AC line
• 35 mA high key immunity series
• Enables compliance with
overvoltage surges
• 150 °C operating temperature range
• Symmetric blocking voltage at 800 V
(dV/dt ≥ 2000 V/µs)
• 10 mA sensitive series defined
at TJ = 125 °C
• 2 to 16 A current range
IEC 61000-4-4 and -4-5 disturbances
• No need for additional components
(RC network, MOV)
• Easy control board design
• Sensitive series allows direct
drive from an MCU
The ACST series, with its integrated overvoltage crowbar protection, eliminates the need for
additional external protection to be compliant with IEC61000-4-5. The ACST series also renders
the RC network snubber useless for switch-off. So by reducing the number of components, the
ACST series makes the design phase easier, board sizes smaller and the project more costeffective. With IGT as low as 10 mA, the ACST series allows direct drive from MCUs.
The new T2550-12 Triac has been designed for industrial applications such as 3-phase motor
soft-starters, contactors and protectors, with the market’s first 25 A, 50 mA, 1200 V Triacs. The
T2550-12G/T is aimed at replacing electromechanical contactors, prolonging their lifetime and
extending the current rating of 3-phase motor starters and controllers.
Other benefits include:
• Low IGT of 50 mA (2 to 4 times lower than other medium-power Triacs available on the
market)
• High robustness (withstands 6 million cycles of repetitive inrush current at 50 A, high
immunity to AC line transients: 2500 V/µs min)
The T2550-12G/T features robust switching of up to 240 A of peak surge current and 1200 V
blocking voltage. Housed in both D2PAK (i.e. T2550-12G) and TO-220AB packages
(i.e. T2550-12T), it allows a more compact design compared to mechanical contactors and
offers higher performance with a high dV/dt, above 2500 V/µs and a maximum gate triggering
current of 50 mA.
Key parameters
• 25 A medium power Triac
• 1200 V symmetrical
blocking voltage
• High inductive turn-off
commutation
• 20 A/ms at 125 °C junction
• Standard IGT gate triggering current
• 50 mA at room temperature
• 2.5 kV/µs transient immunity
at 25 °C
• SMD D2PAK and through-hole
TO-220 packages
• Low thermal resistance
RTH(JC) = 0.8 °C/W
23
The figure below shows the new generation of medium power Triacs.
TPDV1240
Value proposition
200 mA
• SMD high commutation switch
• Whole compact system
TPDV1225
150 mA
• SSR or rack compatible mounting
• High switching reliability
TXDV1212
• Robust turn-off commutation and
100 mA
itivity
lower sens
neration with
New ge
inrush start-up
• Lower cost and easy driving system
T2550-12G
50 mA
T2550-12T
35 mA
T1235-800G
T2535-800G
12 A 16 A
24
25 A
40 A
ST also offers the T series Triac family. The T series meets both immunity and high-commutation needs, offering a cost-sensitive solution. Both
immunity (dV/dt) and commutation capability (dI/dt)c are specified at 150 °C for the 800 V series, with low gate current. This latter parameter is
key, as it helps optimize power supplies and allows direct drive capability through a single resistor between the MCU and the Triac, for all 10 mA
gate types.
In addition, the trade-off of ITSM versus immunity and commutation capability is improved. This is one step ahead of the usual offering, and a
unique range on the market.
The key T series features are:
Up to 5
Up to 2.3
• TRMS from 4 to 16 A
times better
times better
• V /V up to 800 V
DRM
RRM
• VDSM/VRSM up to 900 V
• TJ
150 °C @ VDRM/VRRM up to 600 V (dual TJ devices only)
125 °C for 220 V mains, VDRM/VRRM up to 800 V (dual TJ devices only)
• 4 ranges of IGT
• 10 mA directly driven from a microcontroller
• 20 mA Snubberless™
• 25 mA standard 4 quadrants
• 35 mA Snubberless
T series Triacs have better noise immunity (dV/dt) up to 2 kV, which is up to 5 times above
market standards. Commutation capability, (dI/dt)c, is increased up to 16 A/ms, which is up to
2.3 times above market standards. The table below compares a standard Triac
(BTA08-600CWRG) with a T series Triac (T835T-8FP)
•
•
Part number
T835T
BTA08-600CWRG
Current
IT(RMS) (A)
8
Immunity dV/dt
(w/o snubber) (V/µs)
x5
400
Commutation (dl/dt)c (A/ms
x 1.8
2000
4.5
8
Immunity
Standard Triacs
Commutation
T series Triacs
Signal conditioning
Operational amplifiers
ST is a reliable high-volume supplier of both standard and high-performance op amps (www.st.com/opamps):
• Complete 5 V and 16 V CMOS portfolio
GBP
including precision and wide bandwidth
op amps
LMV82x
5 MHz
TSV639x
LMX3
• Space-saving packages, such as DFN,
TSV629x
TSV85x
QFN, SOT-23 and SC-70
LMV3
LMV3..L
TSV52x
Our JFET, bipolar, CMOS and BiCMOS
TS91x
1 MHz
TSX56x
TSV73x
technologies allow our products to support:
TSV63x
• Wide supply range, from 1.5 V to 36 V
TSV62x
TSZ12x
• High ratios of performance-to-power
TSV619x
consumption
TSX63x
TSV71x
TSV61x
100 kHz
TS94x
TSU10x
TS93x
500 nA 1 µA 10 µA
VCC 5.5 V Low Vio
Op-amp series
TSV5 – TSV6
TSV8 – TSV9
TSV7 – TSZ12x
TSX5 – TSX6 – TSX7
TSX9
100 µA
VCC 5.5 V
Main features
200 µA
VCC 10 V
Icc
VCC 16 V
Applications
Sensor signal conditioning
Battery-operated devices
Sensor signal conditioning
Handheld equipment
Power applications (12 V, 15 V, +/-5 V)
AFE for high-voltage sensors
Micropower, high merit factor, and wideband 5 V CMOS rail-to-rail
High precision
Micropower 5 V CMOS
Micropower, high merit factor, wideband and precision 16 V CMOS rail-to-rail
Excellent power/bandwidth ratio
25
Comparators
ST is a leading supplier of comparators, with a portfolio that offers:
• High-speed comparators with response
Response time
times as fast as 8 ns
TS881
• Micropower comparators with operating
currents as low as 210 nA
TS339/393
TS3702/3704
• High-temperature (150 °C)
1 µs
qualified devices
TS7211
• Guaranteed specified min/max electrical
TS7221
performance
TS86x
500 ns
100 ns
1.0 µA 10 µA
VCC 5 V
TS881
TS3011
TS372/374
TS331/332/334
10 ns
Comparators Highlight
LM2901/2903
TS391
LM393/339
Main features
Nanopower
Very low voltage
Nano-second response time
High efficiency
LMV331/393/339
TS3021/3022
50 µA
VCC 10 V
100 µA
VCC 16 V
TS3011
500 µA
VCC 36 V
Applications
Gas, CO detectors
Battery-operated security systems
Optical modules
High-frequency systems
Icc
High-side current sensing (TSC series)
Accurate sensing of currents is central to enhancing application safety. Controlling the current within set boundaries avoids overheating and
short circuits. Current measurement is also an essential part of energy metering.
The main features of our growing high-side current-sense amplifier portfolio are:
• Up to 70 V line monitoring
• Robust devices that do not require external
protection
• Integrated solutions (for example, inclusion of EMI filtering on output) for faster design times
and a reduced BOM
• Automotive-grade qualified current-sense
amplifiers
Battery or power
source
Rsense
Vp
Vsense
Highlight: TSC103
Iload
• Common-mode voltage:
Vm
Out
GND
Vreg
Vcc
ADC
to reach -2.1 V to 65 V
common-mode range
• Rugged input pin sustain
-16 to +75 V and 2.5 kV ESD
• Pin-selectable gain: 20 V/V, 25 V/V,
50 V/V, 100 V/V
• Low current consumption: 360 µA
GND
TSCxxx
Vout
26
• Optional dual-supply configuration
5V
Vcc
Order code
2.9 to 70 V
Load
Microcontroller
Description
Documentation
STEVAL-ISQ007V1
High-side current-sense amplifier demonstration board based on TSC101
AN2727
STEVAL-ISQ013V1
Low-side current sensing based on TS507
AN3222
STEVAL-ISQ014V1
Low-side current sensing based on TSZ121
UM1737
Control layer
PLC core
Field layer
sensors
Analog/Digital
inputs
interfaces
Analog/Digital
outputs
interfaces
Control unit
RTC reset
supervisor
Power
supply
Field layer
actuators
Display
interface
User
interface
Memory
Data communication interface
RS-232
RS-485
CAN
Field layer
Ethernet
Supervisor
layer
Over the years, ST has developed thousands of ICs dedicated to factory automation, and the current
portfolio is the result of continuous improvements, compliance with the latest electrical and safety
standards, customer needs and R&D activity.
In the picture above, a general block diagram representative of the control layer is shown, in which a
typical PLC can be recognized. ST devices find a place everywhere in diagrams like this, with a wide
vertical offering for each. Often, our evaluation tools and reference designs implement the solution the
customer is looking for, with very minimal effort required to adapt it to a real application. However, the
purpose of our evaluation tools are to provide a general platform for testing and evaluation, to help the
designer to understand of our products.
The product families shown in the block diagram are covered in dedicated sections.
See also www.st.com/factory-automation.
27
Control unit
MCU portfolio
By choosing one of ST’s microcontrollers for your embedded application, you benefit from our leading expertise in MCU architecture, technology,
multi-source manufacturing and support.
ST’s product portfolio contains a comprehensive range of microcontrollers, from robust, low-cost 8-bit MCUs such as those in the STM8 family,
up to 32-bit ARM®-based Cortex®-M0, Cortex®-M3, Cortex®-M4 Flash microcontrollers with a rich choice of peripherals, which STM32 family
offers.
Only the STM32 family is covered in this section, while the STM8 is the subject of the field layer section.
Extensive support through a combination of flexible and powerful development tools, training courses, consultancy and web support will help you
achieve a faster time-to-market.
STM32 32-bit microcontrollers
The STM32 family of 32-bit Flash
microcontrollers based on the ARM
Cortex®-M processor is designed to offer
new degrees of freedom to MCU users. By
bringing a complete 32-bit product range
that combines high-performance, real-time,
low-power and low-voltage operation, while
maintaining full integration and ease of
development, the STM32 family helps you
create new applications and to design in the
innovations you have long been dreaming
about.
STM32 F4
High
performance
STM32 F2
STM32 F3
STM8S
Mainstream
STM8S F1
STM8S F0
Ultra-low-power
STM8S L1
STM8L
28
STM8S L0
STM8AL
Ultra-low-power
SPC56 Power
Architecture® e200z
STM8AF
8-bit
32-bit
Before presenting some of the MCUs from the STM32 family, the diagram below shows how our microcontrollers are designated.
STM32
Family
STM32
STM8
STM8A
32‑bit MCUs
8‑bit MCUs
8‑bit Automotive
MCUs
Product type
F
L
P
S
T
W
Foundation
Ultra-low power
Pre-programmed
Standard
Touch sensing
Wireless
F
051
Specific features
(3 digits)
Depends on product series
None exhaustive list.
STM32x...
051 Entry-level
High-performance
407
and DSP with FPU
152 Ultra-low-power
STM8x... / STM8Ax...
Mainstream access
103
line
52 Automotive CAN
31 Automotive low-end
R
Pin count (pins)
Y
F
E
G
K or G
L
T
D
H
J
S
C or 8
N
U
R or 9
M or A
O
V
W
Q
Z
I
B
X
P
16
20
24
28
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
48
56
63
64
80
90
100
128
132
144
176
208
336
420
8
T
Code size
(Kbytes)
Packaging
0 1
1 2
2 4
3 8
4 16
5 24
6 32
7 48
8 64
9 72
A 96 or 128*
B 128
Z 192
C 256
D 384
E 512
F 768
G 1024
H 1536
I 2048
Note:
* For STM8A only
B Plastic DIP*
D Ceramic DIP*
G Ceramic QFP
UFBGA or
H
TFBGA
I UFBGA
M Plastic SO
P TSSOP
Q Plastic QFP
T Plastic TQFP
U UQFN
Y CSP
*Dual in‑line package
6
Temperature range
6 and A
7 and B
3 and C
D
‑40 to +85 °C
‑40 to +105 °C
‑40 to +125 °C
-40 to +150 °C
Including the low-power L series, the STM32 is divided into 6 product series and about 350 part numbers. More information is available on
www.st.com/stmcufinder
29
Complete hardware tools and ecosystem
ST’s microcontrollers are supported by a complete range of high-end and low-cost Discovery Kit evaluation tools. They implement the full range
of device peripherals and features of each product line. The evaluation tools also come complete with third-party solutions that use an integrated
development environment and in-circuit debugger/programmer featuring the JTAG application interface. Developers who are new to these
microcontroller cores and families can also benefit from the range of starter kits that are specially designed to help developers evaluate device
features and start their own applications.
STM32 Nucleo
Discovery kits
Evaluation boards
Typical use case
Flexible prototyping, community
Prototyping, creative demos
Full feature evaluation
Extension possibilities
+++
++
+++
Connectivity
Arduino™ ST Morpho
ST
ST
STM32 development tools: STM32 Nucleo and STM32Cube™
ST is introducing two new hardware and software development platforms: the STM32 Nucleo
and the STM32Cube.
STM32 Nucleo, the highly affordable STM32 boards, allow designers to try out new ideas and
quickly create prototypes on any STM32 MCU. Sharing Arduino™ connectors and ST Morpho
headers, STM32 Nucleo boards can easily be extended with a large number of applicationrelated hardware add-ons. The STM32 Nucleo boards come with an integrated ST-Link
debugger/programmer, so there is no need for an external probe.
The boards work in a wide range of development environments including IAR EWARM, Keil
MDK, mbed, GCC-based IDEs (Atollic TrueStudio).
STM32 Nucleo users have free access to the mbed online compiler, the mbed online C/C++
SDK and the developer community at mbed.org, allowing them to build a complete application
in only a few minutes. More at www.st.com/stm32nucleo
NUCLEO-F411RE
High
performance
NUCLEO-F401RE
NUCLEO-F334R8
Mainstream
NUCLEO-F302R8
NUCLEO-F030R8
Ultra-low-power
NUCLEO-F334R8
NUCLEO-F072RB
NUCLEO-L053R8
NUCLEO-L152RE
64 K
128 K
512 K
30
Flash size
(bytes)
Mini USB
ST-LINK/V2-1
SWD
Morpho extension
headers
IO
Arduino
connector
STM32
IO
Morpho extension
headers
IO
IO
STM32 Nucleo block diagram
Arduino
connector
STM32Cube™ is a powerful new free design tool and software for its STM32 microcontroller portfolio
The new STM32Cube™ development
platform comprises the STM32CubeMX
graphical configurator and initialization
C-code generator that provides step-bystep guidelines for users and a set of rich
embedded software components that
eliminate the need to integrate software from
multiple sources.
The software includes a new Hardware
Abstraction Layer (HAL) that simplifies
porting from one STM32 device to another.
ST is also introducing STM32CubeF4
firmware, with middleware and HAL support,
for the high-performance STM32 F4, with
further releases rolling out during the course
of the year. For more information, visit
www.st.com/stm32cube
STM32 Functional Safety Package
The STM32 Functional Safety Package helps designers to meet the functional safety requirements of the industry standard Safety Integrity Level
(SIL). ST has partnered with Yogitech, a leading provider of services and solutions to silicon vendors and system integrators, to offer:
• MCU Safety Manuals: A detailed list of
SIL2/SIL3
safety requirements (Conditions of Use)
and examples to guide STM32 users in
meeting the SIL2/3 requirements of IEC
Customer development
61508. These are available on demand at
www.st.com/stm32
Customer development
• fRSTL_stm32 libraries: a consolidated
standard software solution developed
in strict accordance with IEC 61508
2nd edition, which provides a quick and
effective means of detecting and flagging
potentially dangerous failures in your
STM32 microcontroller. The targeted SIL
level can be reached with minimum of
engineering costs and faster time-tomarket. Visit www.yogitech.com/frstlstm32
Now available for the STM32F0 series, the
Safety Manuals and fRSTL_stm32 libraries
will soon be extended to the F1, F2, F3, F4
and L1 series.
STM32 safety manuals
STM32 safety features
STM32 product portfolio
ST quality foundations
31
STM32 dedicated Motor Control libraries
A complete Motor Control ecosystem (software, Hardware, Tools, documentations) helps to develop any Motor Control application faster.
The STM32 PMSM FOC SDK v4.x is a Motor Control Software Development Kit (SDK) for 3-phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors
(PMSM) based on Field Oriented Control (FOC) supporting STM32F103, STM32F100, STM32F2xx, STM32F4xx, STM32F0xx and STM32F30x.
Dual simultaneous
FOC
STM32F1xx
STM32F2xx
STM32F4xx
STM32F0xx
STM32F30x
STM32
PMSM
FOC SDK
v3.x
ST MC
Workbench
Key features of the the STM32 PMSM FOC SDK v4.x are:
• Single/Dual simultaneous
• Application example based on FreeRTOS
vector control (FOC)
• Increase code safety through
• Any combination of current reading
• MISRA C rules 2004 compliancy
topologies and/or speed/position
• Strict ANSI C compliancy
sensors is supported
• New object oriented FW architecture
(better code encapsulation, abstraction
• Wide range of STM32 microcontrollers
and modularity)
families supported
• Full customization and real time
communication through PC software
ST MC Workbench
• Wide range of motor control algorithms
implemented for specific applications
Algorithms
improvements
The partitioning below shows how the ST MC FOC SDK (version 4.0.0; order code: STSW-STM32100) is designed, in order to understand how it
is tailored for the different MCUs, making it possible to choose the best trade-off in terms of resource usage and the characteristics of the final
application.
STM32F103x HD/XL, STM32F2xx, STM32F4xx, STM32F30x
STM32F103x LD/MD
32
STM32F100x, STM32F0xx
Flux
IPMSM
1shunt
Weakening
MTPA
Feed
Forward
Sensor-less
(STO + PLL)
Sensor-less
(STO + Cordic)
Encoder
Hall sensors
Debug &
Tuning
ST MC
Workbench
support
USART based
com protocol
add-on
Max FOC
F100 ~11 kHz
F0xx ~12 kHz
3shunt
Dual FOC
Max FOC
F103, F2xx
F103 ~23 kHz
F2xx ~40 kHz
F30x ~ 30 kHz
F4xx ~50 kHz
ICS
Max FOC dual
FreeRTOS
Max FOC
~23 kHz
F103 ~20 kHz
F2xx ~36 kHz
F30x ~27 kHz
F4xx~45 kHz
The STM3210B-MCKIT motor control
starter kit comes ready-to-run with
a PMSM motor or an AC induction
motor (accessory). You can modify
the demonstration application and
develop your own motor control
applications using the dedicated
software libraries provided in the
starter kit in conjunction with a thirdparty IDE and C compiler.
Also available are the ST MC
Workbench (STSW-STM32003) PC
GUI configuration tool for the STM32
PMSM FOC SDK motor control library
(STSW-STM32100).
ST Motor Control Workbench
The ST Motor Control Workbench is a PC software making the STM32 PMSM FOC firmware library (order code: STSW-STM32100) configuration
faster. According to the application needs, the user can set all the parameters and headers files through an intuitive PC GUI.
Motor
Power Stage
Drive Management
Control Stage
The ST Motor Control Workbench (order code: STSW-STM32003) allows real-time communication. For example, setting a speed ramp or
sending start/stop commands is possible from the GUI for initial lab tests. Advanced tabs allow fine tuning of the parameters (i.e. PID control)
as well as firmware debug, while it is possible to plot significant motor control variables, such as target or measured motor speed, using the
embedded virtual oscilloscope.
33
Digital IO
Analog/Digital inputs
Modern control systems are highly complex applications. The trend is to use as many integrated solutions as
possible in such designs, either to increase the density or to reduce the physical dimensions of the modules.
Either way results in more stringent requirements regarding the total power dissipation of the module.
CLT devices form a new series of intelligent protected terminations designed for digital-input modules and
proximity-sensor interfaces in industrial and building automation systems. Today’s designers face the challenge
of increasing the number of I/Os per volume unit and increasing the I/O-interface features. The CLT series offers
highly robust EMC compliant solutions in accordance with:
• Surge IEC 61000-4-5: 1 kV
• ESD IEC 61000-4-2: 15 kV
• EFT burst IEC 61000-4-4: 4 kV
Robustness is also a key parameter for CLT devices, including the CLT01-38S4, which operates with all types of sensors compliant with IEC
61131-2, type 1 and 3, with a 2.35 mA limited current, and type 2, using two inputs per sensor with the correct RREF.
VCS
VCC
SPI
Voltage
regulator
COMP
RI
VIN
IN1
8/16-bit
State transfer
SPI
8-input
Type 1/3
CLT
34
CPHA = 0
CPOL = 0
IN8
RREF
CLT01-38S4
VDD
VC
RC
VI
UVA
RPD
REF
COMS
SCK
O-T
/CS
O-T
MISO
O-T
Field bus
Controller
RS
MOSI
SPM
DVR
O-T = opto-transistor or isolator
LD8
LD1
CLT01-38S4 wiring diagram
The CLT series and its related evaluation boards, as well as the basic documentation, is shown in the table below, together with the most
important features of the devices. Additional information about current limiters is available at www.st.com/protection.
xCLT product
CLT3-4BT6
PCLT-2AT4
SCLT3-8
CLT01-38
Number of inputs
4
2
8
8
Input IEC 61131-2
Type 1 and 3
Type 1, 2 and 3
Type 1, 2 and 3
Type 1, 2 and 3
Output type
Isolated
Isolated, Non-isolated
Output drive
Opto transistor
Opto transistor, CMOS compatible
Isolated, Non-isolated
SPI serialized transfer
Opto transistor, Electromagnetic isolator
CMOS compatible
Isolated, Non-isolated
SPI serialized transfer
Opto transistor, Electromagnetic isolator
CMOS compatible
2.8 mA
2.5 to 7.5 mA
2.35 mA
2.35 mA
25%
18%
10%
10%
Yes, using type 1
Yes
Yes
Yes
> 1 kV
Type 3: 1 kV
Type 2: 0.5 kV
> 1 kV
> 1 kV
ESD level
8 kV
15 kV
15 kV
15 kV
Package
TSSOP-20
TSSOP-14
HTSSOP-38
QFN 7x7
HTSSOP-38
QFN 7x7
Input datarate
10 kbit/s
10 kbit/s
40 kbit/s
400 kbit/s
Application note
AN2527
AN2482
AN2846 and AN3031
-
Input current limiter
Current tolerance
Front-end LED status
Surge level
Order code
Device series
Picture
Features
Designed to meet real environment conditions
STEVAL-IFP007V1
• EMI proof above 4 kV EFT
SCLT3-8
• With opto-transistor
Digital outputs
In this large family of products, we find
intelligent power switches (IPS). These
integrate a control part (logic interface,
high-side drivers, and protection) with a
power stage. IPS’s are based on ST-patented
technologies, including bipolar, multipower
BCD and VIPower M0 technologies. This
provides increased system reliability, part
count reduction, space saving and built-in
protection, with smaller IPS devices that are
housed in tiny, flat, no-lead plastic packages
(DFN, QFN). The high thermal performance of
the power packages such as PowerSO-36,
PowerSSO24 and PowerSSO12 allows the
absorption of high-energy pulses when an
inductive load is driven without any external
freewheeling diode. As an example, the block
diagram below shows one of our latest IPSs,
the VN808, designed using our proprietary
VIPower technology.
Undervoltage
IN 1
Vcc
VN808
Vcc
clamp
Clamp
IN 2
GND
Current limitation
Logic
IN 8
Status
Junction temperature
detection
X8
OUT
Case temperature
detection
35
A recent introduction to the IPS family is the
ISO8200B, a galvanic isolated 8-channel
driver featuring a very low RDS(on) for the
power stage.
It contains 2 independent galvanic isolated
voltage domains (VCC for the power stage
and VDD for the digital stage). Additional
embedded functions are loss-of-GND
and loss-of-channel overtemperature
protection and case overtemperature
protection, undervoltage shutdown with
hysteresis, reset function for IC output
disable, overvoltage protecion (VCC clamping),
direct and syncronous control mode, fast
demagnetization for inductive loads, and ESD
protection.
The IC is intended to drive any kind of load
with one side connected to ground with
3.3/5 V compatible inputs. Active channel
current limitation combined with thermal shutdown (independent for each channel) and automatic restart protect the device against overload
and short circuits.
In overload conditions, if the junction temperature exceeds the threshold, the channel involved is turned off and then automatically on again
after the IC temperature decreases below the reset threshold. If this condition causes the case temperature to reach the threshold limit, TCR, the
overloaded channel is turned off and only restarts when the case and junction temperature decrease below the reset thresholds. Non-overloaded
channels continue to operate normally. An internal circuit provides an OR-wired unlatched common fault indicator signaling the channel overtemperature. The fault pin is an open-drain active-low fault indication pin.
Vdd
36
Power
management
Undervoltage
detection
Vcc
Vcc clamp
Outpup clamp
Logic
Logic
Current limit
IN 8
Junction
temperature
detection
ISO8200B device
FAULT
GNDdd
Case
temperature
detection
ISO8200B block diagram
OUTi
Rpd
SYNC
LOAD
OUT_EN
IN 1
GNDcc
Some single-channel IPSs
Part number
VCC
RDSON (Ω)
IOUT (A)
Technology
Package
Channels
TDE1737DP
8 ÷ 50
-
0.5/Adjust
Bipolar
DIP-8
Low side
TDE1747FP
10 ÷ 60
-
0.45/Adj.
Bipolar
SO-14
High side
TDE1787ADP
6 ÷ 60
-
0.3/Adjust
Bipolar
DIP-8
High side
TDE1798DP
6 ÷ 50
-
0.5/0.7
Bipolar
DIP-8
High side
L6370Q
9.5 ÷ 50
0.10
2.5/Adjust
MultiBCD
QFN 48L 7x7
High side
L6375D
8 ÷ 50
0.40
0.5/0.75
MultiBCD
SO-20
High side
L6377D
8 ÷ 50
0.40
0.5/Adjust
MultiBCD
SO-14
High side
5.5 ÷ 41
0.060
2/2.5
VIPower
PPAK/SO-8
High side
VCC
RDSON (Ω)
IOUT (A)
Technology
Package
Channels
9 to 36
0.08
1.0
VIPower
PowerSSO-12
2
L6374
10.8 to 35
4.0
0.1
MultiBCD
SO-20
4
L6376
9.5 to 35
0.64
0.5
MultiBCD
PowerSO-20
4
VNI4140K
10.5 to 36
0.08
0.7
VIPower
PowerSSO-24
4
VNI4140K-32
10.5 to 36
0.08
1.0
VIPower
PowerSSO-24
4
VNQ860
5.5 to 36
0.27
0.25
VIPower
SO-20/PowerSO-10
4
VN808/-32
10.5 to 36
0.15/0.16
0.7/1.0
VIPower
PowerSO-36
8
VN808CM/-32
10.5 to 36
0.15/0.16
0.7/1.0
VIPower
PowerSO-36
8
VNI8200XP
45
0.11
0.7
VIPower
PowerSSO-36
8
ISO8200B
45
0.11
0.7
MultiBCD + VIPower
PowerSSO-36
8
VN751PT/S
Some MULTI-channel IPSs
Part number
VNI2140J
PowerSSO-36 package
PowerSSO-24 package
37
Undervoltage and
power good
VCC clamp
Clamp power
SPI
Logic
Current limiter
Junction temp
detection
TWARN
Case temp
detection
LED
driving
COL0
COL1
38
SEL1/IN1
WD_EN/IN2
OUT_EN/IN3
WD/IN4
SDI/IN5
CLK/IN6
SS/IN7
SDO/IN8
SEL2
VREG
ROW0
ROW1
ROW2
ROW3
DC/DC
converter
FAULT
GND
FB
PG
VCC
PHASE
BOOT
DCVDD
VREF
A new generation of IPS is being developed using our proprietary BCD8SP technology, making it possible to implement both high-side and lowside drivers.
The VNI8200XP is an octal, high-side smart power solid-state relay, with a serial/parallel selectable interface on chip (8-/16-bit SPI interface
for IC command and control diagnostics). The IC, built using ST’s VIPower™ technology, is designed to drive any kind of load with one side
connected to ground.
Active channel current limitation combined with thermal shutdown, independent for each channel, and automatic restart, protect the device
against overload. Additional embedded functions are loss-of-GND protection that automatically turns off the device outputs should ground be
disconnected, undervoltage shutdown with hysteresis, power good diagnostic for valid supply voltage range recognition, output enable function
for immediate power output on/off, and programmable watchdog function for MCU safe operation.
Pull-down
resistor
OUT1
OUT2
OUT3
OUT4
OUT5
OUT6
OUT7
OUT8
VNI8200XP block diagram
IPS devices are designed to safely drive every kind of load in low-voltage applications (up to 55 V), handling data in and out of the microcontroller
by means of status/input signals. IPS devices are designed to comply with the following international standards:
• IEC 61000-4-4 (electrical fast transient/burst)
• IEC 61000-4-2 (ESD, immunity test contact/air)
• IEC 61000-4-5 (surge test immunity requirements)
• IEC 61000-4-6 (current injection test)
• IEC 61131-2 (programmable controller, equipment requirements and tests)
IPS devices come with evaluation boards available on Internet (www.st.com/ips).
Data communication interface ICs
A PLC (or any modern control system) interfaces with several kinds of networks depending on overall system dimensions.
Router/Switch
Gateway
Server
PC
Enterprice network
Switch
Gateway
Industrial controller or PLC
Industrial network
Gateway
Fieldbus: sensors/actuators network
Sensors
Actuators
Gigabit Ethernet and
other non specifically
Industrial networks
• ModBus+
• Ethway
• Fipway
• DeviceNet
• PROFINET
• EtherCAT
• Powerlink
• ...others
• RS485
• MODBUS
• IO-Link
• Profibus PA
• HART
• Analog 4-20 mA
• Seriplex
• Interbus
• Sercos
• EtherCAT
• Profibus
• DeviceNet
• CANOpen
• ...others
IO Modules
As can be seen from the diagram, there are many different types of networks. The different protocols developed over the years by consortiums,
associations and private companies have become standard networks, sometimes complementing each other, or more often alternatives to each
other. For more information, visit www.st.com/communication
This section only covers communication interfaces, while implementation of the most common protocols in the industrial arena is part of the field
layer section, in which various industrial Ethernet stacks are enabled through our most advanced MCUs.
In this complex world, ST is positioned as a key partner in several associations and as a solution provider, with a very wide offering:
• I/O and network interface ICs
• Data storage ASICs
• ASI circuits
• Programmable transmitters
• Power management ICs
• Protection devices
• Ethernet transceivers
• Dedicated circuits for Ethernet interfaces
• Wireless modules
• LAN adapters
• Powerful ARM Cortex MCUs
• High-performance transceivers for sub-GHz
• Routers and switches
• Modem circuits
applications
These latter devices are finding a place in the industrial monitoring field and are addressed by our SPIRIT1:
• Frequency bands: 169, 315, 433, 868,
915, 920 MHz
• Configurable data rate from 1 to 500 Kbit/s
• SPI interface
• Supply voltage: 1.8 to 3.6 V
• Modulation schemes: 2-FSK, GFSK, MSK,
GMSK, OOK, ASK
• Suitable for systems targeting compliance
• Wireless MBUS standard
• ETSI EN 300 220, FCC CFR47 Part 15,
ARIB STD-67
• Output power: -36 to +16 dBm,
in 0.5 dB steps
• Excellent receiver sensitivity: -120 dBm
(1.2 Kbit/s – 169 MHz)
• Adjacent channel selectivity: 55 dB at 12.5
kHz channel spacing (1% PER – 20-byte
packet length)
• Integrated SMPS allows very low power
consumption
• Integrated packet handler
• Support for automatic acknowledgment,
retransmission, low duty cycle protocol
and timeout protocol
• Automatic clear channel assessment (CCA)
engine
• Channel access mechanism, based
on the rule listen-before-talk systems;
embedded CSMA/CA protocol
• Fully-integrated ultra-low-power
RC oscillator
• AES 128-bit encryption coprocessor for
secure data transfer
• Frequency hopping under MCU control
Calibration can be made each time the
MCU changes frequency or MCU can
save and restore calibration data to
make the frequency hopping faster
• Separate 96-byte Rx/Tx FIFOs
• Accessible via the SPI interface for host
processing
• Supports automatic antenna selection
through an integrated antenna diversity
switching mechanism
•
39
The application diagram is shown below.
SPIRIT1
VBAT and GND
MISO
MOSI
CLK
Digital domain
decoupling
LDOs
and
SMPS
SPI
SMPS
LC filter
CSN
STM32
STM8
GPIO 0
Power choke
TX
GPIO 1
GPIO 2
GPIO
GPIO 3
SHUTDOWN
LC Filter/
Matching
Network
RF
SDN
XO
RXp
RXn
LC Balun/
Matching
Network
XTAL
40
BALF-SPI-01D3: dedicated Balun for SPIRIT1
Covering the 868÷915 MHz the
BALF-SPI-01D3 is designed to reach
an optimized trade-off between PCB
optimization, compliant performance and
filtering improvements.
Key benefits for the BALF-SPI-01D3 (868÷915 MHz)
• Simplifies RF complexity
1 component versus 15 components
• Shrink Balun matching PCB occupation
• 2.8 mm2 versus 37 mm2
• No need for twisting layout
• Increased performance
• better Pout versus SMD solution
• Improved filtering
• Minimizes unwanted harmonics versus SMD
• Faster design
•
The results using the BALF-SPI-01D3 instead of a common SMD matching are quite impressive: we get a 15x smaller area going from 37 mm2
(7 x 5.3 mm) to 2.8 mm2 (2 x 1.4 mm).
USB transceivers and interfaces
ST’s USB interface family includes high-speed USB OTG ULPI transceivers, full speed OTG transceivers and USB charger detection interfaces.
They provide a complete solution to connect a digital USB-OTG and ULPI controller to the physical universal serial bus.
For example, the diagram below shows a typical application circuit using the STUSB03E.
VIF
System
Supply voltage
VCC
RSEL
VTRM
VBUS
VBUS
VBUSDET
VPU
CON
OE#
USB
controller
RCV
VP
VM
D+
SPD
D-
SUS
GND
RS = 20 Ω
D+
D-
RS = 20 Ω
GND
+
+
4.7 µF
1 µF
CS24770
The STUSB03E is a single-chip transceiver that complies with the physical layer specifications of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) v2.0 standard. It
has an integrated 5 V to 3.3 V regulator which allows direct powering from VBUS. The transceiver has an integrated voltage detector to detect the
presence of VBUS and features an internal D+ pull-up resistor implemented in accordance with the 27% resistor ECN.
For advanced protection devices, the SLVU2.8 series has been designed to protect Ethernet lines. Their low capacitance makes them compatible
with gigabit Ethernet.
In this family, the SLVU2.8-4A1 is designed to be compatible with gigabit Ethernet and gigabit PoE by using two SO-8 packages, and can be
used on 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet with a single device. Surge capability is compatible with IEC 61000-4-5 class 2 (1 kV, 42 Ω, 24 A).
Secondary protection
Primary protection
Tranceiver
RJ45
V
The diagram shows the use of the SLVU2.8-4A1, implementing 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet protection.
The following table presents some examples of decreasing complexity of dedicated ICs, such as the ST485Ex, a family of ±15 kV ESD protected,
low-power RS-485/RS-422 transceivers, for industrial applications (www.st.com/interface).
Temperature
range (°C)
Supply voltage(V)
Data rate min
(Mbit/s)
Communication
standard supported
Number of
nodes
Number of
drivers/receivers
Package
ST485EBDR
-40 to 85
5
5
RS485, RS422
256
1/1
SO-8
ST485EXDR
-55 to 125
5
5
RS485, RS422
256
1/1
SO-8
ST232EB
-40 to 85
4.5
230 (Kbaud)
RS232
-
2/2
SO-16, TSSOP 16
Part number
41
Serial real-time clock (RTC) ICs and Memories
Widest portfolio of RTC offers unlimited design solutions
In applications where the clock must not drift, and time has to be kept over long periods while unplugged and with minimal battery backup,
a standalone RTC offers significantly higher performance than an embedded RTC in the MCU. An extended range of products with the latest
technological innovations is available, including ultra-low-power devices, embedded crystals, analog and digital calibration. RTC functions
include programable alarm, battery switchover and many useful supervisory functions that enhance the application’s reliability such as oscillator
fail detect, battery low detect, early power fail warning, reset, watchdog, and more (www.st.com/rtc).
RTC key products
Sub-families
42
Parts
Key features
Applications
Low Power
M41T6x
Low standby current
World’s smallest RTC with crystal
Small packages
Portable HMI
Enhanced industry standard
M41T81S
M41T00S
M41T01
M41T80
M41T11
M41T82/83/93
M41T00CAP
Automatic battery switchover
Analog calibration
Embedded crystal
Sub-metering
HMI
Highly-integrated
M41ST85W
M41T94
M41T00AUD
M41ST87W
Embedded NVRAM
Internal and external RAM clear
MCU supervisor functions
Tamper detect with timestamp
Battery with crystal
M4T28
M4T32
Battery backup power
Keyed insertion
Removable battery
PLC
Local control
Servers
Data storage
Security
Sub-metering
Portable HMI
Local control
Compact non-volatile memories
ST offers a wide range of non-volatile memories. The serial EEPROM family ranges from 1 Kbit to 2 Mbits and offers different serial interfaces:
I²C, SPI and Microwire. The wide range of products is also automotive compliant, and very thin packages are available for applications where
space is critical.
NVRAMs are battery-backed SRAMs that range from 16 Kbits to 256 Kbits, housed in DIP packages that include a battery, or surface-mount
SOIC packages that allow for a SNAPHAT replaceable battery. Timekeeping and clock functions are also available. www.st.com/memories
ST’s standard serial EEPROM portfolio offers:
• Industry’s largest memory size, 2 Mbits
• Smallest standard package UFDFPN5 (60% smaller than UFDFPN8)
EEPROM packages
• Smallest and ultrathin WLCSP packages (0.3, 0.33 and 0.6 mm)
• A guarantee at 4 million erase/write cycles and 200 years data retention
• M24 Series I2C from 1 Kbit to 2 Mbits, up to 1 MHz bus
• Miniature packages (WLCSP, thin and ultrathin WLCSP, UFDFPN8, UFDFPN5)
and small packages (S08, TSSOP8)
• Operating voltage from 5.5 V to 1.7 V, (even 1.6 V for some parts)
• Specific features
•
•
Lockable Identification Page (I2C or SPI bus),
Programmable block protection (Microwire bus)
Family
Sub-families
Parts
Key features
M24 series
I2C, with densities ranging from 1 Kbit to 2 Mbits, and a bus speed of 1 MHz or 400 kHz
M95 series
SPI, a faster bus that features a chip select input, with densities ranging from
1 Kbit to 2 Mbits, and a bus speed from 2 MHz to 20 MHz (depending on VCC)
M93 series
Microwire, a legacy bus, with densities ranging from 1 Kbit to 16 Kbits
M34Exx
Serial presence detect (SPD) for DRAM modules 2 and 4 Kbits
M34F04
Half array write protect 4 Kbits
M35B32
Fast write operations 32 Kbits
ZEROPOWER
M48Zxx
ST’s ZEROPOWER products integrate low-power SRAMs with a power-fail control circuit and a long-life
lithium battery (available in CAPHAT or SOIC plus SNAPHATS packages). From 16 to 256 Kbits
Battery Options
M4Zxx-BR00SH
Two SNAPHATS packages (compatible with SOIC) which embed 48 or 120 mAh lithium batteries
Standard serial
EEPROM
Serial
EEPROM
Application
specific serial
EEPROM
NVRAM
Applications
Portable HMI
HMI
PLC
Local control
Servers
Data storage
Package size (mm2)
5x6
SO8N
4x5
TSSOP8
2x3
UFDFPN8
1.4 x
1.7
Die
size
43
UFDFPN5
WLCSP
1 Kb 2 Kb 4 Kb 8 Kb 16 Kb 32 Kb 64 Kb 128 Kb 256 Kb 512 Kb 1 Mb 2 Mb Density
Family
Optional features
M24
M95
M34
M93C
I2C serial bus
SPI serial bus
ASSP
Microwire serial bus
Microwire serial bus +
M93S
software write protect
M24
C64
S
Optional features
D
B
S
Package
IC
C01
C02
C04
C08
C16
C32
C64
128
256
512
M01
M02
2
SPI
010
020
040
080
160
320
640
128
256
512
M01
M02
Voltage range (V)
Software write protect
Additional
lockable page
Legacy digit (M24128, M24256)
D
R
Package
MICROWIRE ASSP
46
= 1 Kbit
56
E02 = 2 Kbit
66
E04 = 4 Kbit
76
= 8 Kbit
86
= 16 Kbit
= 32 Kbit
= 64 Kbit
= 128 Kbit
= 256 Kbit
= 512 Kbit
= 1 Mbit
= 2 Mbit
MN
DW
MC
MH
CS
CT
CU
BN
SO8 N
TSSOP8
UFDFPN8 2x3
UFDFPN5 1.4x1.7
WLCSP
Thin WLCSP
Ultrathin WLCSP
PDIP8
X
F
R
W
Optional
P, G
1.6 ÷ 5.5
1.7 ÷ 3.6
1.8 ÷ 5.5*
2.5 ÷ 5.5
Temperature range (°C)
5
6
9
MN
Legacy digit for RoHS
-20 ÷ 85
-40 ÷ 85
0 ÷ 95
6
T
P
K
Process (WLCSP)
Packing
T
Tape & reel
Blank Tube
K
A
S
F8H
F8L
F6
Note: * Range “R” preferred for new design instead of “W”
44
Power supplies
Focus on industrial DC-DC converters
ST’s power management devices enable
energy-saving, high-power density and
lower standby power design solutions. Our
product portfolio includes highly-integrated
AC-DC converters, switching DC-DC
converters, linear voltage regulators, battery
management ICs, LED drivers, photovoltaic
ICs, MOSFET and IGBT drivers, motor drivers
and more. These integrated solutions reduce
the design cycle and ST’s eDesignSuite
(www.st.com/edesign) allows you to rapidly
select and simulate the optimal configuration
for your power management design, bringing
a further advantage in time-to-market
(www.st.com/powermanagement).
Matching the requirements of the industrial
market, ST provides a complete family of
step-down monolithic DC-DC converters with
an input voltage range compliant to 24 V buses, and able to provide a continuous output current up to 3 A with high switching frequency
(up to 2 MHz). A full set of protection features is embedded (overcurrent, overvoltage, over-temperature) to increase the MTBF and reduce the
number of external components (www.st.com/dcdc).
ST’s DC-DC converters for industrial buses offer a wide choice of input voltage ranges
(VIN(max) from 38 V to 61 V) and features. The new 61 V series (L7987/L) has been designed to provide maximum reliability in fail-safe
applications.
The new synchronous DC-DC converter for industrial applications, the L6986, is the best choice when efficiency is of prime importance, both
at full load (thanks to synchronous rectification) and at light load (thanks to the low standby consumption). Evaluation boards are available upon
request. There are multiple package options, all offering compactness and high thermal performances to fit different applications.
The following table orders this wide offering according to the different voltage bus levels, while some examples are provided further on.
Voltage bus range
Device family
Maximum output current
Synchronous rectification
Low consumption at light load
Package
4.5 ÷ 38
L7985/6
2÷3
No
No
HSOP8, VFQFPN10-3x3
4 ÷ 38
L6986
2
Yes
Yes
HTSSOP16
5.5 ÷ 48
ST1S14
3
No
No
HSOP8
4.5 ÷ 61
L7987/L
2 ÷ 3 A (with adj. current limit)
No
No
HTSSOP16
Yes
VFDFPN10-4x4,
VFDFPN10-3x3
4.5 to 36 V
L6984/A
0.4 A
Yes
L7987/L features
• 4.5 to 61 V input voltage range
• 3 A DC output current
(2 A for L7987L)
• Adjustable peak current limit
• Adjustable switching frequency
(250 kHz to 1.5 MHz) with
synchronization capability
• Adjustable soft start
• Power good
L6986 features
• 4 to 38 V input voltage range
• Up to 2 A DC output current
• Synchronous rectification
• Very low quiescent current
(~30 µA typ.)
• Adjustable switching frequency
(250 kHz to 2 MHz) with
synchronization capability
• Adjustable soft start
• Power good with adjustable delay
Linear voltage regulators
ST offers fixed and adjustable output linear
regulators featuring an optimal combination
of low drop-out voltage, quiescent current,
transient response and low noise. They are
ideal for battery-powered applications (i.e.
industrial hand-held equipments) where
both optimum heat dissipation and small
dimensions are key factors.
ST’s series of low quiescent current LDO
regulators is ideal for portable consumer and
battery-powered applications where they
extend the application’s battery lifetime and
keep good dynamic performance, all in a
small footprint. Package options include the
SC70, SOT666, CSP 4 bumps and
DFN6L-2x2.
45
Iq (µA)
50
LD59015
LD39115
LD39015
LDLN015
20
15
5
ST715
STLQ50
1
0
0
50
LD39020
STLQ015
100
LD39030
LD39050
LD39130
200
300
LD39100
Maximum
current (mA)
500
1000
As a first highlight, the LD39200, is a high PSRR, ULDO with reverse current protection:
• Input voltage: from 1.25 V to 6 V
• Fixed and adjustable Vout from 0.5 V
• Output current: 2 A
• High PSRR: 70 dB at 1k Hz
• 1% output voltage accuracy at 25 °C
• Fast transient response
• Ultra low drop voltage: 200 mV at 2 A
• Enable and power good pins
• Reverse current protection
• Package: DFN 8L- 3x3 mm, SO8P
Finally, the new LDFM, LDF series, are the new, very low drop linear regulators:
• Input voltage: from 2.5 V to 16 V
• Low quiescent current:
• Logic controlled enable pin
200 μA @ full load
• 50 μA max in off mode
• Wide output voltage range choice:
ADJ (Vref = 0.8 V) or fixed from 0.8 V to 12 V
•
• Output current: 0.5 A and 1 A
• Very low dropout voltage:
300 mV at 500 mA output current
• Power good function
• Stable with low ESR ceramic capacitors
Protection devices
Power and data line protection
In harsh factory automation environments, protection devices are the key to system reliability.
ST offers a wide range of protection devices dedicated to power lines or data lines.
More at www.st.com/protection
Power lines
Overvoltages and glitches appearing on power mains are modelized by the IEC 61000-4-5 international standard, also known as 8/20 µs current
waveform. Able to protect up to 500 A (8/20µs), the STIEC45 series is the ideal surge suppressor solution for factory automation power lines.
46
VBR @IR
Order code
Min.
Typ.
VCL @IPP 8/20 μs, 1.2/50 μs
Max.
Max.
V
mA
V
A
STIEC45-24AS
26.7
28.2
29.5
1
42
500
STIEC45-26AS
28.9
30.3
31.9
1
45
500
STIEC45-27AS
30
31.6
33.2
1
47
500
STIEC45-28AS
31.1
32.6
34.3
1
49
500
STIEC45-30AS
33.3
35
36.8
1
55
500
STIEC45-33AS
36.7
38.6
40.6
1
59
500
As well as the robust and reliable performances during voltage surges, ST’s discrete TVS (transient voltage suppressors) exhibit an excellent
power derating versus temperature. As an example, ST’s SM15T series (1500 W, 10/1000 µs) operates at full performance up to 115 °C.
Peak pulse power dissipation versus initial junction temperature (printed circuit board)
2000
PPP (W)
10/1000 µs
1500
1000
500
0
Tj (°C)
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
175
Data lines
Communication buses, with long wire lengths, are particularly sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD). ST proposes multiline solutions in a
single package, with various parasitic capacitance and voltage compromises, to address a wide range of industrial communication interfaces as
shown below.
ASI interface
Seriplex interface
Actuator and sensor Interface
RS-232 interface
Modbus®
GND
A+
A
SMM4F33A
ESD with +/- 30 kV contact
ESDA6V1/14/25xx
ESDA14/25xx
ESD protection in SOT666/323/23
ESD protection in SOT666/323/23
CAN interface
RS-422 and RS-485 interface
Modbus®, Modbus Plus™, PROFIBUS®
CANopen, DeviceNet™
CAN_H
RxDTxDRxD+
TxD+
RTS+
RTSCST+
CSTGND
CAN_L
ESDA6V1L / ESDALC6V1
ESD protection in SOT666/23
ESDA6V1/14/25xx
ESD protection in SOT666/323/23
Ethernet protection
100 Mbps Ethernet Transceiver
100 Mbps Ethernet Transformer
Up to 1 Gbps
SLVU2.8-4A1
SLVU2.8 or DSL01
3 triple Trisil in one SO8/
Transil + Trisil in one package
SO-8
RJ45 connector
K
CTS
TxD
RTS
RxD
DATA
CLK
V+
COM
SHIELD
A-
47
Proximity sensor protection
ST has developed specific and dedicated 200 W (10/1000 µs) multi-line TVS for 2 and 3-wire proximity sensors. The SPT series provides
reverse polarity and surge protection in compliance with IEC 61000-4-5, IEC 61131-2 and EN 60947-5-2.
3-wire sensor: SPT01-335DEE
Sensor
output stage
Input
VCC
VS+
Load
LS
V+
LS
D2
VCC
D1
Power supply
VHS
HS
VS-
D3
K
GND
A
2-wire sensor: SPT02-236DDB
Sensor
Process control
VCC
Detector
LS
D2
D1
GND
HS
Load
48
2 FEATURES:
Power supply
Factory automation needs:
Surge protection
• 2-/3-line protection
Reverse battery protection
• 36 V VRM required (even if Vsupply = 24 V typ)
• VCL @ IPP = 46 V @ 2 A
• Diode specified in forward mode
Supervisor layer
HMI core
Touch
screen control
Control unit
Display/LED
control
Power
supply
RTC reset
supervisor
User
interface
Memory
Data communication interface
Wi-Fi
Bluetooth
RF
Ethernet
RS-232
RS-485
Control layer
The above is a typical supervisor layer. At this level, we will not find typical industrial components, but all
the facilities to manage data, assets and infrastructures.
To this end, the most advanced wireless technologies, display and LED controllers, as well as the
introduction of NFC (near field communication) technology in factory automation are main topics.
The aim is to simplify and shorten execution time for the first level commands associated with the
supervisor.
Other parts functional to this level, such as the control unit, data communication interfaces or power
supply, but are also common to the other levels, have been discussed in the previous chapters.
49
Wireless modules
SPBT2632 series, smart communication embedded in a qualified Bluetooth v. 3.0 solution
ST’s Blue Module range of wireless modules is based on the latest Bluetooth Classic 3.0 specification and implements leading-edge Bluetooth
technology. The modules are designed for maximum performance while taking up minimal space. They include high-speed UART, generalpurpose I/O lines and high data throughput. An optimized design allows the integration of a complete Bluetooth modem, enabling low-power
mode capability with the minimum size.
All Blue Modules are BQE qualified and listed on the SIG website. The SPBT2632 series with on-board antenna is fully certified FCC, IC and CE,
and the SPBT2632C2A.AT2 is also TELEC certified.
Blue Modules support the AT command interface based on SPP (Serial Port Profile), featuring fast and secure, transparent serial data
transmission and simple automatic connection between predefined devices through smart cable links. In addition, the AT2 FW version supports
IAP (IPOD accessory protocol) for communication with smartphones and Apple iOS Bluetooth-enabled devices.
Targeted applications
• Wireless cable replacement
• M2M
• Smartphones
• Service diagnostics
• Data acquisition equipment
• Mobile health
50
Key features
Key benefits
Compliant with latest Bluetooth 3.0 specification
Future-ready module, enhanced security, easier pairing, compatible with Apple products
SPBT2632 series is BQE end-product qualified and the relevant QDIDs
are listed on SIG website
Recalling ST QDID, you can apply for declaration of IO listing on the SIG website; no further
BQE certification is required for your product
Pre-qualified, pre-tested RF design fully integrated in a unique device
Highly reliable solution, easier design saves development resources and time, shortens
time-to-market
Low-power mode supported
Reduces power consumption, increasing final application battery life
Smart cable and remote mode supported
Ensures easy automatic connection and remote mode control over Bluetooth link
Micro-sized form factor
SMD-like component to fit miniaturized applications
Part number
Description
Bluetooth
version
FW release
Certification
Dimensions (mm)
SPBT2632C2A.AT2 Class 2, on-board antenna
3.0
AT2 command supporting, M2M, smartphone and Apple iOS B/QE, TELEC, CE; FCC, IC
11.6 x 13.5 x 2.9
SPBT2632C1A.AT2 Class 1, on-board antenna
3.0
AT2 command supporting, M2M, smartphone and Apple iOS
15.2 x 26.9 x 2.9
Sub 1 GHz modules
Sub 1 GHz modules add wireless capability to any electronic device without requiring RF
experience. Available now, the SP1ML series supports both 915 MHz and 868 MHz and
offers a fully embedded, RF tested and certified Sub giga modem, based on ST’s Spirit1 RF
transceiver. A series of pure RF modules to enable connectivity on your existing solution will be
available soon.
BQE, CE, FCC. IC
RF Interfaces and NFC for automation
BlueNRG: Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy Network Processor
Targeted for security and proximity applications, the BlueNRG is a very low power Bluetooth
Low Energy (BLE) single-mode network processor, compliant with Bluetooth specification v4.0.
Ultra low-power sleep modes and very short transition times between operating modes allow
very low average current consumption, resulting in longer battery life.
For fast prototyping and easy evaluation, the BlueNRG expansion for STM32-Nucleo boards are
also available (order code: X-NUCLEO-IDB04A1).
Features include:
• Bluetooth specification v4.0 compliant
master and slave single-mode Bluetooth
low energy network processor
• Embedded Bluetooth low energy protocol
stack: GAP, GATT, SM, L2CAP, LL, RF-PHY
• Bluetooth low energy profiles
(provided separately)
• Operating supply voltage: from 2.0 to 3.6 V
• 8.2 mA maximum TX current
(@0 dBm, 3.0 V)
• Down to 1.7 μA current consumption with
active BLE stack
• Integrated linear regulator and DC-DC
step-down converter
• Up to +8 dBm available output power
(at antenna connector)
• Excellent RF link budget (up to 96 dB)
• Accurate RSSI to allow power control
• Proprietary application controller interface
(ACI), SPI based, allows interfacing with an
external host application microcontroller
• Full link controller and host security
• High performance, ultra-low power
Cortex-M0 32-bit based architecture core
• On-chip non-volatile Flash memory
• AES security co-processor
• Low power modes
• 16 or 32 MHz crystal oscillator
• 12 MHz ring oscillator
• 32 kHz crystal oscillator
• 32 kHz ring oscillator
• Battery voltage monitor and temperature
sensor
• Compliant with the following radio
frequency regulations: ETSI EN 300 328,
EN 300 440, FCC CFR47 Part 15, ARIB
STD-T66
• Available in QFN32 (5 x 5 mm) and
WCSP34 (2.6 x 2.6 mm) packages
• Operating temperature range:
-40 °C to 85 °C
The BALF-NRG-01D3 is a Balun companion chip for the BlueNRG network processor
ST companion chip Baluns are outsmart components designed to boost RF performance while simplifying the complexity of implementation, with
exceptional compactness.
The BALF-NRG-01D3 simplifies and reduces IC-to-antenna matching complexity. Here is an example of how much space can be saved in a
common design with our BlueNRG network processor and the new BALF-NRG-01D3:
Benefits
• Simplifies RF complexity: 1 component versus 8 components
• Shrink Balun matching PCB occupation
1.2 mm2 versus 32 mm2
• No need for twisty layout
• Increased performance: same Pout as SMD solution
• Improved filtering: up to +10 dB Harmonic rejection versus SMD
• Faster design: copy-paste design recommendation
•
A design with our BlueNRG network processor used in conjunction to the new BALF-NRG-01D3 results in unprecedented space saving: in
average we go from a calculated area of about 32 mm2 (typical PCB area for Antenna SMD matching with a standard design) down to 1.2 mm2 of
the solution using the BALF-NRG-01D3.
51
NFC/RFID for automation with our M24LR and M24SR
NFC/RFID memory and transceiver products are based on the 13.56 MHz carrier frequency
and support the ISO 14443 and ISO 15693 RFID standards. ST offers one of the most
comprehensive NFC/RFID device portfolios, which includes:
• Dynamic NFC/RFID tags (also known as Dual Interface EEPROM)
• NFC/RFID transceivers
• NFC/RFID tags
ST’s dynamic NFC/RFID tags feature an EEPROM memory bank that can be accessed either through a low-power I²C interface or an NFC/RFID
interface operating at 13.56 MHz. The M24LR, M24SR; SRTAGxx-D series provide designers with a wide range of features.
• NFC forum tag type 4 or ISO 15693 RF
interface
• I2C serial interface
• Several options to control the application
(RF disable, energy harvesting, password
protection, control output, digital output for
external chip wakeup)
• Simple antenna design, compatible across
M24LR, M24SR and SRTAGxx-D series
The M24LR series offers a long-range RFID interface compatible with ISO 15693-capable NFC phones. It features an innovative energy
harvesting function that enables battery-less designs. It can be used in a wide variety of applications, including consumer electronics, computer
peripherals, home appliances, industrial automation and healthcare products.
• ISO 15693 tag RF interface
• 400 kHz I2C serial interface operating
from 1.8 to 5.5 V
• EEPROM memory density
from 4 Kbits to 64 Kbits
• Energy harvesting
• 32-bit password protection
• RF WIP/busy output pin
• Simple antenna design, backward
compatible with M24SR series
52
The M24LR-DISCOVERY is one evaluation board associated with the M24LR series.
It is a ready-to-use kit, which features the M24LR04E-R dual interface EEPROM IC. It addresses a wide range of applications such as industrial
or medical equipment and consumer electronics. This kit contains two different boards (see illustration above):
• The M24LR board is battery-less and is powered by RFID readers or NFC-enabled phones supporting ISO/IEC 15693.
• The RF transceiver board is an RFID reader evaluation board and is composed, among other parts, of a CR95HF 13.56 MHz multi-protocol
contactless transceiver IC with SPI and UART serial access.
This board can be plugged into a PC and comes with a demonstration software.
The M24LR board also works with Android NFC phones supporting ISO/IEC 15693. An application called NfcV-Reader is available on Google
Play. Performance may vary depending on the NFC phone’s RF management.
System requirements
• Windows PC (2000, XP, Vista, 7)
• ISO/IEC 15693 capable NFC phones
The M24SR series provides an NFC forum
tag type 4 RF interface and supports the NFC
data exchange format (NDEF). This enables
NFC use cases such as simple Bluetooth
pairing and other connection handovers,
automatic links to URLs, storage of Vcard
and other types of information. It can be used
in a wide variety of applications, including
consumer electronics, computer peripherals,
home appliances, industrial automation and
healthcare products.
• NFC forum tag type 4 based on ISO 14443 RF interface
• 1 MHz I2C serial interface operating from 2.7 to 5.5 V
• EEPROM memory density from 2 Kbits to 64 Kbits with built-in NDEF message support
• RF disable pin allowing the application to control RF access from NFC phones
• 128-bit password protection
• General-purpose output pin allowing flexibility for the applications (wakeup on several types of events)
• Simple antenna design, backward compatible with M24LR series
The M24SR-DISCOVERY is a demonstration kit to evaluate the features and capabilities of the
M24SR series and is based on the M24SR64 device. Two versions of this kit are available: the
Standard Edition and the Premium Edition.
The Premium Edition includes all of the Standard edition features, plus a headset and a
Bluetooth module to demonstrate the convenience of pairing it with a smartphone via NFC.
The M24SR64 device is a dynamic NFC/RFID tag IC with a dual interface. It embeds a 64 Kbits
EEPROM memory. It can be operated from an I2C interface or by a 13.56 MHz RFID reader or
an NFC phone.
The I2C interface uses a two-wire serial interface, consisting of a bidirectional data line and a clock line. It behaves as a slave with respect to the
I2C protocol.
The RF protocol is compatible with ISO/IEC 14443 Type A and NFC Forum Type 4 Tag.
The board is powered through the USB bus. It also includes a microcontroller STM32F103 to drive the EEPROM via I2C and the LCD screen via
SPI bus.
The M24SR-DISCOVERY (MB1138) schematics, BOM, gerber files, drivers and firmware can be downloaded from www.st.com.
53
The X-NUCLEO-NFC01A1 is a dynamic NFC tag evaluation board to allow expansion of STM32
Nucleo boards. It is compatible with the Arduino UNO R3 connector layout and is designed
again around the M24SR64-Y.
The board is powered through the Arduino UNO R3 connectors. It also includes three LEDs for
general-purpose use.
This overview on our NFC solutions for industrial automation concludes with the ST95HF, an
integrated transceiver IC for contactless applications.
The ST95HF manages frame coding and decoding in Reader, Card Emulation and Peer-to-Peer
modes for standard applications such as near field communication (NFC), proximity and vicinity
standards.
The ST95HF embeds an analog front end to provide the 13.56 MHz air interface.
The ST95HF supports ISO/IEC 14443 Type A and B communication in Reader and Card Emulation
modes, ISO/IEC 15693 (single or double subcarrier in Reader mode only) and ISO/IEC 18092
protocols in Reader and Card Emulation modes.
It also supports the detection, reading and writing of NFC Forum Type 1, 2, 3 and 4 tags.
The EVAL-ST95HF kit provides a means to evaluate the features of the STMicroelectronics
ST95HF.
The EVAL-ST95HF board is powered through the USB bus. It is consist of a ST95HF transceiver on a 47 x 34 mm -4 turn and 13.56 MHz
inductive etched antenna and associated tuning circuit components. The ST95HF communicates with the STM32F103RGT6 and LCD screen via
SPI bus.
In Tag emulation mode, it could be used with an NFC reader (NFC smartphone, CR95HF or with another ST95HF) to exchange NDEF messages
(URI, VCARD, URL) or establish a P2P communication. The communication protocol is based on ISO/IEC 14443 Type A.
In Reader mode, the ST95HF supports ISO/IEC 14443 Type A and B communication, ISO/IEC 15693 and ISO/IEC 18092 protocols.
The mode can be selected on-screen using a joystick.
54
Display and LED controllers
LED Drivers and Monitor platform ICs
ST offers a large portfolio of energy-efficient LED drivers for general lighting, display backlighting, signage and industrial panels. Ideal for both
parallel and series configurations, they enable high-efficiency, high-current accuracy, low-noise and small-size solutions. Topologies include
buck regulator LED drivers, boost regulator LED drivers, offline LED drivers, and more (www.st.com/led).
ST’s extended portfolio of monitor platform ICs is available at www.st.com/displays.
© STMicroelectronics - January 2015 - Printed in United Kingdom - All rights reserved
The STMicroelectronics corporate logo is a registered trademark of the STMicroelectronics group of companies
All other names are the property of their respective owners
Order code: BRFACTORY0115
For more information on ST products and solutions, visit www.st.com
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