JEDEC79R2

JEDEC79R2
JEDEC
STANDARD
Double Data Rate (DDR)
SDRAM Specification
JESD79C
(Revision of JESD79B)
MARCH 2003
JEDEC SOLID STATE TECHNOLOGY ASSOCIATION
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JEDEC Standard No. 79C
DOUBLE DATA RATE (DDR) SDRAM SPECIFICATION
(From JEDEC Board Ballot JCB-99-70, and modified by numerous other Board Ballots,
formulated under the cognizance of Committee JC-42.3 on DRAM Parametrics.)
Standard No. 79 Revision Log.
Release 1, June 2000
Release 2, May 2002
Release C, March 2003
Scope
This comprehensive standard defines all required aspects of 64Mb through 1Gb DDR
SDRAMs with X4/X8/X16 data interfaces, including features, functionality, ac and dc
parametrics, packages and pin assignments. This scope will subsequently be expanded
to formally apply to x32 devices, and higher density devices as well.
The purpose of this Standard is to define the minimum set of requirements for JEDEC
compliant 64Mb through 1Gb, X4/X8/X16 DDR SDRAMs. System designs based on the
required aspects of this specification will be supported by all DDR SDRAM vendors
providing JEDEC compliant devices.
-i-
JEDEC Standard No. 79C
-ii-
JESD79C
Page 1
DOUBLE DATA RATE (DDR) SDRAM SPECIFICATION
16 M X4 (4 M X4 X4 banks), 8 M X8 (2 M X8 X4 banks), 4 M X16 (1 M X16 X4 banks)
32 M X4 (8 M X4 X4 banks), 16 M X8 (4 M X8 X4 banks), 8 M X16 (2 M X16 X4 banks)
64 M X4 (16 M X4 X4 banks), 32 M X8 (8 M X8 X4 banks), 16 M X16 (4 M X16 X4 banks)
128 M X4 (32 M X4 X4 banks), 64 M X8 (16 M X8 X4 banks), 32 M X16 (8 M X16 X4 banks)
256 M X4 (64 M X4 X4 banks), 128 M X8 (32 M X8 X4 banks), 64 M X16 (16 M X16 X4 banks)
FEATURES
• Double--data--rate architecture; two data transfers
per clock cycle
• Bidirectional, data strobe (DQS) is transmitted/received with data, to be used in capturing data at
the receiver
• DQS is edge--aligned with data for READs; center--aligned with data for WRITEs
• Differential clock inputs (CK and CK)
• DLL aligns DQ and DQS transitions with CK transitions
• Commands entered on each positive CK edge;
data and data mask referenced to both edges of
DQS
• Four internal banks for concurrent operation
• Data mask (DM) for write data
• Burst lengths: 2, 4, or 8
• CAS Latency: 2 or 2.5, DDR400 also includes
CL = 3
• AUTO PRECHARGE option for each burst access
• Auto Refresh and Self Refresh Modes
• 2.5 V (SSTL_2 compatible) I/O
• VDDQ: +2.5 V ±0.2 V for DDR 200, 266, or 333
+2.6 ±0.1 V for DDR 400
• VDD:
+3.3 V ±0.3 V or +2.5 V ±0.2 V for DDR 200, 266,
or 333
+2.6 ±0.1 V for DDR 400
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
SDRAM during READs and by the memory controller
during WRITEs. DQS is edge--aligned with data for
READs and center--aligned with data for WRITEs.
The DDR SDRAM operates from a differential clock
(CK and CK; the crossing of CK going HIGH and CK
going LOW will be referred to as the positive edge of
CK). Commands (address and control signals) are registered at every positive edge of CK. Input data is registered on both edges of DQS, and output data is referenced to both edges of DQS, as well as to both edges
of CK.
Read and write accesses to the DDR SDRAM are
burst oriented; accesses start at a selected location
and continue for a programmed number of locations in
a programmed sequence. Accesses begin with the
registration of an ACTIVE command, which is then followed by a READ or WRITE command. The address
bits registered coincident with the ACTIVE command
are used to select the bank and row to be accessed.
The address bits registered coincident with the READ
or WRITE command are used to select the bank and
the starting column location for the burst access.
The DDR SDRAM provides for programmable read
or write burst lengths of 2, 4 or 8 locations. An AUTO
PRECHARGE function may be enabled to provide a
self--timed row precharge that is initiated at the end of
the burst access.
As with standard SDRAMs, the pipelined, multibank
architecture of DDR SDRAMs allows for concurrent
operation, thereby providing high effective bandwidth
by hiding row precharge and activation time.
An auto refresh mode is provided, along with a power--saving, power--down mode. All inputs are compatible with the JEDEC Standard for SSTL_2. All outputs
are SSTL_2, Class II compatible.
Initial devices may have a VDD supply of 3.3 V (nominal). Eventually, all devices will migrate to a VDD supply of 2.5 V (nominal). During this initial period of product availability, this split will be vendor and device
specific.
This data sheet includes all features and functionality required for JEDEC DDR devices; options not required, but listed, are noted as such. Certain vendors
may elect to offer a superset of this specification by offering improved timing and/or including optional features. Users benefit from knowing that any system design based on the required aspects of this
specification are supported by all DDR SDRAM vendors; conversely, users seeking to use any superset
specifications bear the responsibility to verify support
with individual vendors.
Note: The functionality described in, and the timing specifications included in this data sheet are
for the DLL Enabled mode of operation.
The DDR SDRAM is a high--speed CMOS, dynamic
random--access memory internally configured as a
quad--bank DRAM. These devices contain the following number of bits:
64 Mb has 67,108,864 bits
128 Mb has 134,217,728 bits
256 Mb has 268,435,456 bits
512 Mb has 536,870,912 bits
1 Gb has 1,073,741,824 bits
The DDR SDRAM uses a double--data--rate architecture to achieve high--speed operation. The double
data rate architecture is essentially a 2n prefetch architecture with an interface designed to transfer two data
words per clock cycle at the I/O pins. A single read or
write access for the DDR SDRAM effectively consists
of a single 2n--bit wide, one clock cycle data transfer at
the internal DRAM core and two corresponding n--bit
wide, one--half--clock--cycle data transfers at the I/O
pins.
A bidirectional data strobe (DQS) is transmitted externally, along with data, for use in data capture at the
receiver. DQS is a strobe transmitted by the DDR
Note: This specification defines the minimum set of requirements for JEDEC X4/X8/X16 DDR SDRAMs.
Vendors will provide individual data sheets in their specific format. Vendor data sheets should be consulted for optional features or superset specifications.
JESD79C
Page 2
CONTENTS
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Pin Assignment Diagram, TSOP2 Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Address Assignment Table 1a TSOP2 Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pin Assignment Diagram, BGA Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Address Assignment Table 1b BGA Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional Block Diagram -- X4/X8/X16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pin Descriptions, Table 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Functional Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Register Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Mode Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Burst Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Table 3, Burst Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Fig. 4, Mode Register Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Burst Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Read Latency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Operating Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Terminology Definitions
DDR200 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
DDR266 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
DDR333 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
DDR400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Fig. 5, Required CAS Latencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Extended Mode Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DLL Enable/Disable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Output Drive Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Fig.6, Extended Mode Register Definitions . . . . . . . . . 11
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Truth Table 1a (Commands) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Truth Table 1b (DM Operation) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Truth Table 2 (CKE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Truth Table 3 (Current State, Same Bank) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 & 15
Truth Table 4 (Current State, Different Bank) . . . . . . . . . . 16 & 17
Fig. 7, Simplified State Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Command definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 & 20
DESELECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
NO OPERATION (NOP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
MODE REGISTER SET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
ACTIVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
READ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
WRITE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
BURST TERMINATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
PRECHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
AUTO PRECHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
REFRESH REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
AUTO REFRESH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
SELF REFRESH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Table 4, Row--Column Organization by Density . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Bank/Row Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Fig. 8, Activating a Specific Row . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Fig. 9, tRCD & tRRD Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Reads
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 & 23
Fig. 10, Read Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Fig. 11, Read Burst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Fig. 12, Consecutive Read Bursts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Fig. 13, Nonconsecutive Read Bursts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Fig. 14, Random Read Accesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Fig. 15, Terminating a Read Burst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Fig. 16, Read to Write . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Fig. 17, Read to Precharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Writes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Fig. 18, Write Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Fig. 19, Write to Write--Max tDQSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Fig. 20, Write to Write--Min tDQSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Fig. 21, Write Burst -- Nom., Min., and Max tDQSS
33
Fig. 22, Write To Write -- Max tDQSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Fig. 23, Write To Write -- Max tDQSS, Non Consecutive . 35
Fig. 24, Random Write Cycles -- Max tDQSS . . . . . . . . . . 36
Fig. 25, Write To Read -- Max tDQSS, Non--Interrupting . 37
Fig. 26, Write To Read -- Max tDQSS, Interrupting . . . . . . 38
Fig. 27, Write To Read -- Max tDQSS,
Odd Number of Data, Interrupting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Fig. 28, Write To Precharge -- Max tDQSS,
Non--Interrupting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Fig. 29, Write To Precharge -- Max tDQSS,
Interrupting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Fig. 30, Write To Precharge -- Max tDQSS,
Odd Number of Data, Interrupting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Precharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Fig. 31, Precharge Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Powerdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Fig. 32, Power--Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Absolute Maximum Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Capacitance, Table 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
DC Electrical Characteristics and Operating Conditions, Tab. 6 . . . 45
AC Operating Conditions, Table 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Idd Specifications and Conditions, Table 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 & 47
Fig. 33, IDD7 Measurement Timing Waveforms
48
AC Electrical Characteristics (Timing Table), Table 9 . . . . . . . . 49 & 50
AC Timing Variations, DDR200, DDR266, DDR333, Table 10
51
Fig. 34, Test Reference Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Component Specification Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 & 52
System Characteristics, DDR200, DDR266, & DDR333 . . . . . . . . . 53
Signal Derating Specifications, Tables 11--17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Figs. 35 & 36, AC Overshoot/Undershoot Specification,
Tables 18 & 19, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Table 20, Clamp V--I Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Fig. 37, Pullup Slew Rate Test Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Fig. 38, Pulldown Slew Rate Test Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
System Characteristics Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 & 57
Fig. 39, Full Strength Output V--I Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . 58 & 59
Fig. 40, Weak Output V--I Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 & 61
DDR SDRAM Output Driver V--I Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Timing Waveforms
Fig. 41, Data Input Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Fig. 42, Data Output Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Fig. 43, Initialize and Mode Register Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Fig. 44, Power--Down Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Fig. 45, Auto Refresh Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Fig. 46, Self Refresh Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Reads
Fig. 47, Read -- Without Auto Precharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Fig. 48, Read -- Without Auto Precharge (CL=1.5, BL=4) 69
Fig. 49, Read -- With Auto Precharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Fig. 50, Bank Read Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Writes
Fig. 51, Write -- Without Auto Precharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Fig. 52, Write -- With Auto Precharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Fig. 53, Bank Write Accesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Fig. 54, Write -- DM Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
JESD79C
Page 3
X16 DDR SDRAM
X8 DDR SDRAM
X4 DDR SDRAM
DQ0
DQ1
NC
VDD
1
66
VSS
NC
2
65
NC
VDDQ
3
64
VSSQ
NC
4
63
NC
5
62
VSSQ
6
61
VDDQ
NC
7
60
NC
NC DQ12
NC
8
59
NC
DQ5 DQ11
VDDQ
9
58
VSSQ
DQ2 DQ1 DQ0
DQ3
NC
DQ4 DQ2
DQ5
NC
NC
DQ6 DQ3 DQ1
VSSQ
DQ7
NC
NC
NC
VDDQ
LDQS
LDM
VDDQ
15
52
VSSQ
51
DQS
50
NC
10.16 mm
NC
NC
49
VREF
NU
19
48
VSS
NC
20
47
DM
WE
21
46
CK
CAS
22
45
RAS
23
44
CS0,
NC
CS1,
NC
24
43
25
42
CK
CKE0,
NC
CKE1,
NC
NC,
A12
BA0
26
18
0.65 mm
TOP VIEW
64 Mb
16M X 4
8M X 8
4M X 16
4
4
4
A0⇒A11
A0⇒A11
A0⇒A11
A0⇒A9
A0⇒A8
A0⇒A7
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
128 Mb 32M X 4
16M X 8
8M X 16
4
4
4
A0⇒A11
A0⇒A11
A0⇒A11
A0⇒A9, A11
A0⇒A9
A0⇒A8
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
256 Mb 64M X 4
32M X 8
16M X 16
4
4
4
A0⇒A12
A0⇒A12
A0⇒A12
A0⇒A9, A11
A0⇒A9
A0⇒A8
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
512 Mb 128M X 4
64M X 8
32M X 16
UDQS
4
4
4
A0⇒A12 A0⇒A9,A11,A12 BA0, BA1
A0⇒A12 A0⇒A9, A11
BA0, BA1
A0⇒A12
A0⇒A9
BA0, BA1
4
4
4
A0⇒A13 A0⇒A9,A11,A12 BA0, BA1
A0⇒A13
A0⇒A9,A11
BA0, BA1
A0⇒A13
A0⇒A9
BA0, BA1
DQ8
NC
16
17
Org.
NC DQ10
NC
41
A11
BA1
27
40
A9
A10
/AP
28
39
A8
A0
29
38
A7
A1
30
37
A6
A2
31
36
A5
A3
32
35
A4
VDD
33
34
VSS
ADDRESS ASSIGNMENT TABLE
Bank Row Addr.
Col Addr
Density
DQ2 DQ4 DQ9
NC
NC,
A13
VDD
PIN PITCH
NC DQ14
DQ3 DQ6 DQ13
66 PIN 57
TSOP2
11
56
MS--024FC
12
55
&
LSOJ
54
13
MO--199
&
53
14
MO--200
10
DQ7 DQ15
1 Gb
UDM
256M X 4
128M X 8
64M X 16
Bank Addr
TABLE 1a: TSOP2 Device Address
Assignment Table
The following pin assignments apply
for CS and CKE pins for Stacked
and Non--stacked devices.
Pin
Non-- Stacked
Stacked
24
CS
CS0
25
NC
CS1
43
NC
CKE1
44
CKE
CKE0
Figure 1
64 Mb Through 1Gb DDR SDRAM (X4, X8, & X16) IN TSOP2 & LSOJ
JESD79C
Page 4
(x4)
1
2
3
7
8
9
VSSQ
NC
VSS
A
VDD
NC
NC
VDDQ
DQ3
B
DQ0
NC
VSSQ
NC
C
NC
VDDQ
DQ2
NC
VSSQ
VREF
(x8)
1
2
3
7
8
9
VDDQ
VSSQ
DQ7
VSS
A
VDD
DQ0
VDDQ
VSSQ
NC
NC
VDDQ
DQ6
B
DQ1
VSSQ
NC
NC
VDDQ
NC
NC
VSSQ
DQ5
C
DQ2
VDDQ
NC
D
DQ1
VSSQ
NC
NC
VDDQ
DQ4
D
DQ3
VSSQ
NC
DQS
E
NC
VDDQ
NC
NC
VSSQ
DQS
E
NC
VDDQ
NC
VSS
DM
F
NC
VDD
A13,NC
VREF
VSS
DM
F
NC
VDD
A13,NC
CK
CK
G
WE
CAS
CK
CK
G
WE
CAS
A12,NC
CKE
H
RAS
CS
A12,NC
CKE
H
RAS
CS
A11
A9
J
BA1
BA0
A11
A9
J
BA1
BA0
A8
A7
K
A0
A10/AP
A8
A7
K
A0
A10/AP
A6
A5
L
A2
A1
A6
A5
L
A2
A1
A4
VSS
M
VDD
A3
A4
VSS
M
VDD
A3
X4 Device Ball Pattern
(x16)
1
2
3
VSSQ
DQ15
VSS
DQ14
VDDQ
DQ12
X8 Device Ball Pattern
: Ball Existing
: Depopulated Ball
7
8
9
A
VDD
DQ0
VDDQ
DQ13
B
DQ2
VSSQ
DQ1
VSSQ
DQ11
C
DQ4
VDDQ
DQ3
DQ10
VDDQ
DQ9
D
DQ6
VSSQ
DQ5
DQ8
VSSQ
UDQS
E
LDQS VDDQ
DQ7
D
VREF
VSS
UDM
F
LDM
VDD
A13,NC
E
CK
CK
G
WE
CAS
A12,NC
CKE
H
RAS
CS
A11
A9
J
BA1
BA0
A8
A7
K
A0
A10/AP
A6
A5
L
A2
A1
A4
VSS
M
VDD
A3
[For Reference Only]
Top View(See the balls through the Package)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
A
1.0 mm
B
C
max. 18 mm
max. 17 mm
for Micro DIMM
F
G
H
J
K
L
X16 Device Ball Pattern
M
0.8 mm
max. 10 mm
max. 8.5 mm
for Micro DIMM
BGA Package Ball Pattern,
Top View
Figure 2
128 Mb Through 1Gb DDR SDRAM (X4, X8, & X16) IN BGA
JESD79C
Page 5
Item
128Mb
256Mb
512Mb
1Gb
4
4
4
4
Bank Address Pins
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
BA0, BA1
Autoprecharge Pins
A10/AP
A10/AP
A10/AP
A10/AP
Row Addresses
A0-A11
A0-A12
A0-A12
A0-A13
A0-A9,A11
A0-A9
A0-A8
A0-A9,A11
A0-A9
A0-A8
A0-A9,A11,A12
A0-A9,A11
A0-A9
A0-A9,A11,A12
A0-A9,A11
A0-A9
NC
A12
A12
A12
Number of banks
Column Addresses x4
x8
x16
H2 pin function
F13 pin function
JC11 MO #
NC
NC
NC
A13
MO-233A
MO-233A
MO-233A
MO-233A
JC11 Variation #
JC11 Package
Name
Pin Pitch
Note
AA
AA
AA
AA
DSBGA
DSBGA
DSBGA
DSBGA
0.8 mm x 1.0
mm
0.8 mm x 1.0
mm
0.8 mm x 1.0
mm
0.8 mm x 1.0
mm
TABLE 1b: BGA Device Address Assignment and Package Table
CKEn
CK
CK
COMMAND
DECODE
CSn
WE
CAS
RAS
CONTROL
LOGIC
BANK3
BANK2
X
X4
8
X8
16
X16
32
Y
4
8
16
BANK1
MODE REGISTERS
REFRESH 14
COUNTER
16
ROW-ADDRESS
MUX
14
14
BANK0
ROW-ADDRESS
LATCH
&
DECODER
CLK
BANK0
MEMORY
ARRAY
16384
DLL
DATA
Y
X
READ
LATCH
SENSE AMPLIFIERS
Y
MUX
DRVRS
Y
DQS
GENERATOR
1
DQ0 -DQn, DM
COL0
I/O GATING
DM MASK LOGIC
2
A0--A13,
BA0, BA1
16
ADDRESS
REGISTER
2
X
BANK
CONTROL
LOGIC
1
COLUMN
DECODER
12
DQS
1
MASK
X
COLUMN-ADDRESS
COUNTER/
LATCH
DQS
INPUT
REGISTERS
11
WRITE
FIFO
&
DRIVERS
CK
out
CK
CK
in
1
1
1
Y
Y
Y
Y
2
X
RCVRS
Y
DATA
COL0
COL0
1
1
Note 1: This Functional Block Diagram is intended to facilitate user understanding of the operation of the device; it does
not represent an actual circuit implementation.
Note 2: DM is a unidirectional signal (input only) but is internally loaded to match the load of the bidirectional DQ and DQS signals.
Note 3: Not all address inputs are used on all densities.
FIGURE 3: FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM OF DDR SDRAM
JESD79C
Page 6
TABLE 2: PIN DESCRIPTIONS
SYMBOL
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
CK, CK
Input
Clock: CK and CK are differential clock inputs. All address and control input signals
are sampled on the crossing of the positive edge of CK and negative edge of CK.
Output (read) data is referenced to the crossings of CK and CK (both directions of
crossing).
CKE
Input
Clock Enable: CKE HIGH activates, and CKE LOW deactivates internal clock signals, and device input buffers and output drivers. Taking CKE LOW provides PRECHARGE POWER--DOWN and SELF REFRESH operation (all banks idle), or ACTIVE POWER--DOWN (row ACTIVE in any bank). CKE is synchronous for POWER--DOWN entry and exit, and for SELF REFRESH entry. CKE is asynchronous for
SELF REFRESH exit, and for output disable. CKE must be maintained high
throughout READ and WRITE accesses. Input buffers, excluding CK, CK and CKE
are disabled during POWER--DOWN. Input buffers, excluding CKE are disabled
during SELF REFRESH. CKE is an SSTL_2 input, but will detect an LVCMOS LOW
level after Vdd is applied. The standard pinout includes one CKE pin. Optional pinouts include CKE0 and CKE1 on different pins, to facilitate device stacking.
CS
(CS0)
(CS1)
Input
Chip Select: All commands are masked when CS is registered high. CS provides
for external bank selection on systems with multiple banks. CS is considered part of
the command code. The standard pinout includes one CS pin. Optional pinouts
include CS0 and CS1 on different pins, to facilitate device stacking.
RAS, CAS,
WE
Input
Command Inputs: RAS, CAS and WE (along with CS) define the command being
entered.
DM
(LDM)
(UDM)
Input
Input Data Mask: DM is an input mask signal for write data. Input data is masked
when DM is sampled HIGH along with that input data during a WRITE access. DM
is sampled on both edges of DQS. Although DM pins are input only, the DM loading
matches the DQ and DQS loading. For the X16, LDM corresponds to the data on
DQ0--DQ7; UDM corresponds to the data on DQ8--DQ15. DM may be driven high,
low, or floating during READs.
BA0, BA1
Input
Bank Address Inputs: BA0 and BA1 define to which bank an ACTIVE, READ,
WRITE or PRECHARGE command is being applied.
A0--A13
Input
Address Inputs: Provide the row address for ACTIVE commands, and the column
address and AUTO PRECHARGE bit for READ/WRITE commands, to select one
location out of the memory array in the respective bank. A10 is sampled during a
precharge command to determine whether the PRECHARGE applies to one bank
(A10 LOW) or all banks (A10 HIGH). If only one bank is to be precharged, the bank
is selected by BA0, BA1. The address inputs also provide the op--code during a
MODE REGISTER SET command. BA0 and BA1 define which mode register is
loaded during the MODE REGISTER SET command (MRS or EMRS). A12 is used
on device densities of 256Mb and above; A13 is used on device densities of 1Gb.
DQ
I/O
Data Bus: Input/Output.
DQS
(LDQS)
(UDQS)
I/O
Data Strobe: Output with read data, input with write data. Edge--aligned with read
data, centered in write data. Used to capture write data. For the X16, LDQS corresponds to the data on DQ0--DQ7; UDQS corresponds to the data on DQ8--DQ15.
NC
—
No Connect: No internal electrical connection is present.
VDDQ
Supply
DQ Power Supply: +2.5 V ±0.2 V. for DDR 200, 266, or 333
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +2.6 ±0.1 V for DDR 400
VSSQ
Supply
DQ Ground.
VDD
Supply
Power Supply: One of +3.3 V ±0.3 V or +2.5 V ±0.2 V for DDR 200, 266, or 333
. . . . . . . . . . . . +2.6 ±0.1 V for DDR 400
VSS
Supply
Ground.
VREF
Input
SSTL_2 reference voltage.
(CKE0)
(CKE1)
JESD79C
Page 7
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The DDR SDRAM is a high--speed CMOS, dynamic random--access memory internally configured as a quad--bank DRAM. These devices contain the following number of bits:
64Mb has 67,108,864 bits
128Mb has 134,217,728 bits
256Mb has 268,435,456 bits
512Mb has 536,870,912 bits
1Gb has 1,073,741,824 bits
The DDR SDRAM uses a double--data--rate architecture to achieve high--speed operation. The
double--data--rate architecture is essentially a 2n
prefetch architecture, with an interface designed to
transfer two data words per clock cycle at the I/O
pins. A single read or write access for the DDR
SDRAM consists of a single 2n--bit wide, one clock
cycle data transfer at the internal DRAM core and
two corresponding n--bit wide, one--half clock cycle
data transfers at the I/O pins. DQ, DQS, & DM may
be floated when no data is being transferred
Read and write accesses to the DDR SDRAM are
burst oriented; accesses start at a selected location
and continue for a programmed number of locations
in a programmed sequence. Accesses begin with
the registration of an ACTIVE command, which is
then followed by a READ or WRITE command. The
address bits registered coincident with the ACTIVE
command are used to select the bank and row to be
accessed (BA0, BA1 select the bank; A0--A13 select the row). The address bits registered coincident
with the READ or WRITE command are used to select the starting column location for the burst access.
Prior to normal operation, the DDR SDRAM must
be initialized. The following sections provide detailed information covering device initialization, register definition, command descriptions and device
operation.
INITIALIZATION
DDR SDRAMs must be powered up and initialized
in a predefined manner. Operational procedures
other than those specified may result in undefined
operation. No power sequencing is specified during
power up and power down given the following criteria:
D VDD and VDDQ are driven from a single power
converter output, AND
D VTT is limited to 1.35 V, AND
D VREF tracks VDDQ/2
OR, the following relationships must be followed:
D VDDQ is driven after or with VDD such that
VDDQ < VDD + 0.3 V AND
D VTT is driven after or with VDDQ such that
VTT < VDDQ + 0.3 V, AND
D VREF is driven after or with VDDQ such that
VREF < VDDQ + 0.3 V.
At least one of these two conditions must be met.
Except for CKE, inputs are not recognized as valid
until after VREF is applied. CKE is an SSTL_2 input,
but will detect an LVCMOS LOW level after VDD is
applied. Maintaining an LVCMOS LOW level on
CKE during power--up is required to guarantee that
the DQ and DQS outputs will be in the High--Z state,
where they will remain until driven in normal operation (by a read access). After all power supply and
reference voltages are stable, and the clock is
stable, the DDR SDRAM requires a 200 µs delay
prior to applying an executable command.
Once the 200 µs delay has been satisfied, a DESELECT or NOP command should be applied, and
CKE should be brought HIGH. Following the NOP
command, a PRECHARGE ALL command should
be applied. Next a MODE REGISTER SET command should be issued for the Extended Mode Register, to enable the DLL, then a MODE REGISTER
SET command should be issued for the Mode Register, to reset the DLL, and to program the operating
parameters. 200 clock cycles are required between
the DLL reset and any executable command. A
PRECHARGE ALL command should be applied,
placing the device in the ”all banks idle” state.
Once in the idle state, two AUTO refresh cycles
must be performed. Additionally, a MODE REGISTER SET command for the Mode Register, with
the reset DLL bit deactivated (i.e., to program operating parameters without resetting the DLL) must
be performed. Following these cycles, the DDR
SDRAM is ready for normal operation.
REGISTER DEFINITION
MODE REGISTER
The Mode Register is used to define the specific
mode of operation of the DDR SDRAM. This definition includes the selection of a burst length, a burst
type, a CAS latency, and an operating mode, as
shown in Figure NO TAG. The Mode Register is
programmed via the MODE REGISTER SET command (with BA0 = 0 and BA1 = 0) and will retain the
stored information until it is programmed again or
the device loses power (except for bit A8, which
may be self--clearing).
Mode Register bits A0--A2 specify the burst
length, A3 specifies the type of burst (sequential or
interleaved), A4--A6 specify the CAS latency, and
A7--A13 or (A12 on 256Mb/512Mb, A13 on 1Gb see
figure 4) specify the operating mode.
JESD79C
Page 8
The Mode Register must be loaded when all
banks are idle and no bursts are in progress, and the
controller must wait the specified time before initiating any subsequent operation. Violating either of
these requirements will result in unspecified operation.
Burst Length
Read and write accesses to the DDR SDRAM are
burst oriented, with the burst length being programmable, as shown in Figure NO TAG. The burst
length determines the maximum number of column
locations that can be accessed for a given READ or
WRITE command. Burst lengths of 2, 4, or 8 locations are available for both the sequential and the interleaved burst types.
Table 3
BURST DEFINITION
Length
BA1 BA0 A13 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8
Type = Sequential
Type = Interleaved
4
15 14
0*
A0
2
A7 A6
A5 A4
A3 A2
0
0--1
0--1
1
1--0
1--0
0*
13 12
11
10
9
8
7
Operating Mode
6
5
4
3
1
2
CAS Latency BT
Address Bus
0
Mode Register
Burst Length
Burst Length
* BA1 and BA0 must
be 0, 0 to select the
A2 A1 A0
A3 = 0
A3 = 1
mode register (vs. the
0
0
0
Reserved
Reserved
extended mode register).
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
4
4
1--0--3--2
0
1
1
8
8
1
0
0
Reserved
Reserved
1
0
1
Reserved
Reserved
1
1
0
Reserved
Reserved
1
1
1
Reserved
Reserved
A1
A0
0
0
0--1--2--3
0--1--2--3
0
1
1--2--3--0
1
0
2--3--0--1
2--3--0--1
1
1
3--0--1--2
3--2--1--0
A2
A1
A0
0
0
0
0--1--2--3--4--5--6--7
0--1--2--3--4--5--6--7
0
0
1
1--2--3--4--5--6--7--0
1--0--3--2--5--4--7--6
0
1
0
2--3--4--5--6--7--0--1
2--3--0--1--6--7--4--5
0
Sequential
0
1
1
3--4--5--6--7--0--1--2
3--2--1--0--7--6--5--4
1
Interleaved
1
0
0
4--5--6--7--0--1--2--3
4--5--6--7--0--1--2--3
1
0
1
5--6--7--0--1--2--3--4
5--4--7--6--1--0--3--2
1
1
0
6--7--0--1--2--3--4--5
1
1
1
7--0--1--2--3--4--5--6
Burst Type
A3
8
A1 A0
Order of Accesses Within a Burst
Starting
g
Column
Address
B t
Burst
Reserved states should not be used, as unknown
operation or incompatibility with future versions
may result.
When a READ or WRITE command is issued, a
block of columns equal to the burst length is effectively selected. All accesses for that burst take
place within this block, meaning that the burst will
wrap within the block if a boundary is reached. The
block is uniquely selected by A1--Ai when the burst
length is set to two, by A2--Ai when the burst length
is set to four and by A3--Ai when the burst length is
set to eight (where Ai is the most significant column
address bit for a given configuration). The remaining (least significant) address bit(s) is (are) used to
select the starting location within the block. The programmed burst length applies to both read and write
bursts.
A6 A5
A4
CAS Latency CAS Latency
DDR 400
DDR 200 -- 333
Reserved
Reserved
0
0
0
6--7--4--5--2--3--0--1
0
0
1
Reserved
7--6--5--4--3--2--1--0
0
1
0
2
2
0
1
1
3 (Optional)
3
Notes:
1
0
0
1. For a burst length of two, A1--Ai selects the two--data--element block; A0 selects the first access within the block.
2. For a burst length of four, A2--Ai selects the four--data--element block; A0--A1 selects the first access within the block.
3. For a burst length of eight, A3--Ai selects the eight--data-element block; A0--A2 selects the first access within the
block.
4. Whenever a boundary of the block is reached within a given
sequence above, the following access wraps within the
block.
1
0
1
1
1
0
2.5
2.5
1
1
1
Reserved
Reserved
An -- A9
A8 A7
Reserved
1.5 (optional)
A6--A0
Reserved
Reserved
1.5 (optional)
Operating Mode
0
0
0
Valid
Normal Operation
0
1
0
Valid
Normal Operation/Reset DLL
0
0
1
VS
-
-
-
Vendor Specific Test Mode
All other states reserved
An = most significant address bit for this device.
VS = Vendor Specific
Figure 4
Mode Register Definition
JESD79C
Page 9
Burst Type
Accesses within a given burst may be programmed to be either sequential or interleaved; this
is referred to as the burst type and is selected via bit
A3.
The ordering of accesses within a burst is determined by the burst length, the burst type and the
starting column address, as shown in Table 3.
Read Latency
The READ latency is the delay, in clock cycles, between the registration of a READ command and the
availability of the first piece of output data. For
DDR200, DDR266, and DDR333, the latency can
be set to 2 or 2.5 clocks (latencies of 1.5 or 3 are optional, and one or both of these optional latencies
might be supported by some vendors). For
DDR400, the latency can be set to 3 clocks (latencies of 2 or 2.5 are optional, and one or both of these
optional latencies might be supported by some vendors).
If a READ command is registered at clock edge n,
and the latency is m clocks, the data will be available
nominally coincident with clock edge n + m.
Reserved states should not be used as unknown
operation, or incompatibility with future versions
may result.
Operating Mode
The normal operating mode is selected by issuing
a Mode Register Set command with bits A7--A13
each set to zero, and bits A0--A6 set to the desired
values. A DLL reset is initiated by issuing a Mode
Register Set command with bits A7 and A9--A13
each set to zero, bit A8 set to one, and bits A0--A6
set to the desired values. A Mode Register Set command issued to reset the DLL must always be followed by a Mode Register Set command to select
normal operating mode (i.e., with A8=0).
All other combinations of values for A7--A13 are
reserved for future use and/or test modes. Test
modes and reserved states should not be used because unknown operation or incompatibility with future versions may result.
responding nominal data rate is *200 MHz.
DDR266: A Speed grade for DDR SDRAM devices.
The nominal operating (clock) frequency of such
devices is 133 MHz (meaning that although the devices operate over a range of clock frequencies, the
timing specifications included in this speed grade
are tailored to a 133 MHz clock frequency). The corresponding nominal data rate is *266 MHz.
DDR333: A Speed grade for DDR SDRAM devices.
The nominal operating (clock) frequency of such
devices is 167 MHz (meaning that although the devices operate over a range of clock frequencies, the
timing specifications included in this speed grade
are tailored to a 167 MHz clock frequency). The corresponding nominal data rate is *333 MHz.
DDR400: A Speed grade for DDR SDRAM devices.
The nominal operating (clock) frequency of such
devices is 200 MHz (meaning that although the devices operate over a range of clock frequencies, the
timing specifications included in this speed grade
are tailored to a 200 MHz clock frequency). The corresponding nominal data rate is *400 MHz.
In addition to the above DDRxxx specification, a letter modifier may be applied to indicate special timing characteristics for these devices in various market applications. For example, DDR266A and
DDR266B classifications define distinct sorts for
operation as a function of CAS latency. These differences between sorts are described in Table 10, ”AC
Timing Variations”.
* In this context, the term MHz is used loosely. A
more technically precise definition is ”million transfers per second per data pin”
Terminology Definitions.
The following are definitions of the terms
DDR200, DDR266, & DDR333, as used in this
specification.
DDR200: A speed grade for DDR SDRAM devices.
The nominal operating (clock) frequency of such
devices is 100 MHz (meaning that although the devices operate over a range of clock frequencies, the
timing specifications included in this speed grade
are tailored to a 100 MHz clock frequency). The cor-
JESD79C
Page 10
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
CL = 2
DQS
DQ
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
NOP
CL = 2.5
DQS
DQ
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
NOP
CL = 3
DQS
DQ
Burst Length = 4 in the cases shown
Shown with nominal tDQSCK
Figure 5
REQUIRED CAS LATENCIES
DON’T CARE
JESD79C
Page 11
Address Bus
EXTENDED MODE REGISTER
The Extended Mode Register controls functions
beyond those controlled by the Mode Register;
these additional functions include DLL enable/disable, output drive strength selection (optional).
These functions are controlled via the bits shown in
Figure 6. The Extended Mode Register is programmed via the MODE REGISTER SET command (with BA0 = 1 and BA1 = 0) and will retain the
stored information until it is programmed again or
the device loses power.
The Extended Mode Register must be loaded
when all banks are idle and no bursts are in progress, and the controller must wait the specified time
before initiating any subsequent operation. Violating either of these requirements will result in unspecified operation.
DLL Enable/Disable
The DLL must be enabled for normal operation.
DLL enable is required during power--up initialization, and upon returning to normal operation after
having disabled the DLL for the purpose of debug or
evaluation (upon exiting Self Refresh Mode, the
DLL is enabled automatically). Any time the DLL is
enabled a DLL Reset must follow and 200 clock
cycles must occur before any executable command
can be issued.
Output Drive Strength
The normal drive strength for all outputs is specified to be SSTL_2, Class II. Some vendors might
also support a weak driver strength option, intended
for lighter load and/or point--to--point environments.
I--V curves for the normal drive strength and weak
drive strength are included in this document.
BA1 BA0 A13 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8 A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0
15
0*
14
13
12
11
10
9
1*
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Extended
0** DS DLL
Operating Mode
Mode
Register
* BA1 and BA0
must be 0, 1 to select the
Extended Mode Register (vs. the
base Mode Register).
** A2 must be 0 to provide
compatibility with early DDR
devices
A1
A0
DLL
0
Enable
1
Disable
Drive Strength
0
Normal
1
Weak (optional)
A2
0
An -- A3
A2 -- A0
0
Valid
--
--
See note **
Operating Mode
Normal Operation
All other states reserved
Figure 6
EXTENDED MODE REGISTER
DEFINITION
JESD79C
Page 12
COMMANDS
Truth Table 1a provides a quick reference of available commands. This is followed by a verbal description of
each command. Two additional Truth Tables appear following the Operation section; these tables provide
current state/next state information.
TRUTH TABLE 1a -- Commands
(Notes: 1)
NAME (Function)
CS
DESELECT (NOP)
H
X
NO OPERATION (NOP)
L
ACTIVE (Select bank and activate row)
RAS CAS
WE
ADDR
NOTES
X
X
X
9
H
H
H
X
9
L
L
H
H
Bank/Row
3
READ (Select bank and column, and start READ burst)
L
H
L
H
Bank/Col
4
WRITE (Select bank and column, and start WRITE burst)
L
H
L
L
Bank/Col
4
BURST TERMINATE
L
H
H
L
X
8
PRECHARGE (Deactivate row in bank or banks)
L
L
H
L
Code
5
AUTO refresh or Self Refresh (Enter self refresh mode)
L
L
L
H
X
6, 7
MODE REGISTER SET
L
L
L
L
Op--Code
2
TRUTH TABLE 1b -- DM Operation
NAME (Function)
DM
DQs
NOTES
Write Enable
L
Valid
10
Write Inhibit
H
X
10
NOTE: 1. CKE is HIGH for all commands shown except SELF REFRESH.
2. BA0--BA1 select either the Base or the Extended Mode Register (BA0 = 0, BA1 = 0 selects
Mode Register; BA0 = 1, BA1 = 0 selects Extended Mode Register; other combinations of
BA0--BA1 are reserved; A0--A13 provide the op--code to be written to the selected Mode Register.
3. BA0--BA1 provide bank address and A0--A13 provide row address.
4. BA0--BA1 provide bank address; A0--Ai provide column address; A10 HIGH enables the auto
precharge feature (nonpersistent), A10 LOW disables the auto precharge feature.
5. A10 LOW: BA0--BA1 determine which bank is precharged.
A10 HIGH: all banks are precharged and BA0--BA1 are ”Don’t Care.”
6. This command is AUTO REFRESH if CKE is HIGH; SELF REFRESH if CKE is LOW.
7. Internal refresh counter controls row addressing; all inputs and I/Os are ”Don’t Care” except for
CKE.
8. Applies only to read bursts with autoprecharge disabled; this command is undefined (and
should not be used) for read bursts with autoprecharge enabled, and for write bursts.
9. DESELECT and NOP are functionally interchangeable.
10. Used to mask write data, provided coincident with the corresponding data.
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TRUTH TABLE 2 -- CKE
(Notes: 1--4)
CKEn--1
CKEn
CURRENT STATE
COMMANDn
ACTIONn
L
L
Power--Down
X
Maintain Power--Down
L
L
Self Refresh
X
Maintain Self Refresh
L
H
Power--Down
DESELECT or NOP
Exit Power--Down
L
H
Self Refresh
DESELECT or NOP
Exit Self Refresh
H
L
All Banks Idle
DESELECT or NOP
Precharge Power--Down Entry
H
L
Bank(s) Active
DESELECT or NOP
Active Power--Down Entry
H
L
All Banks Idle
AUTO REFRESH
Self Refresh Entry
H
H
NOTES
5
See Truth Table 3
NOTE: 1. CKEn is the logic state of CKE at clock edge n; CKEn--1 was the state of CKE at the previous clock edge.
2. Current state is the state of the DDR SDRAM immediately prior to clock edge n.
3. COMMANDn is the command registered at clock edge n, and ACTIONn is a result of COMMANDn.
4. All states and sequences not shown are illegal or reserved.
5. DESELECT or NOP commands should be issued on any clock edges occurring during the tXSNR or
tXSRD period. A minimum of 200 clock cycles is needed before applying any executable command, for the
DLL to lock.
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Page 14
TRUTH TABLE 3 - Current State Bank n -- Command to Bank n
(Notes: 1--6; notes appear below and on next page)
CURRENT
STATE
Any
Idle
Row Active
Read (Auto-Precharge
Disabled)
Write (Auto-Precharge
Di bl d)
Disabled)
CS
RAS
CAS
WE
COMMAND/ACTION
NOTES
H
X
X
X
DESELECT (NOP/continue previous operation)
L
H
H
H
NO OPERATION (NOP/continue previous operation)
L
L
H
H
ACTIVE (select and activate row)
L
L
L
H
AUTO REFRESH
7
L
L
L
L
MODE REGISTER SET
7
L
H
L
H
READ (select column and start READ burst)
10
L
H
L
L
WRITE (select column and start WRITE burst)
10
L
L
H
L
PRECHARGE (deactivate row in bank or banks)
8
L
H
L
H
READ (select column and start new READ burst)
10
L
H
L
L
WRITE (select column and start new WRITE burst)
L
L
H
L
PRECHARGE (truncate READ burst, start precharge)
8
L
H
H
L
BURST TERMINATE
9
L
H
L
H
READ (select column and start READ burst)
L
H
L
L
WRITE (select column and start new WRITE burst)
L
L
H
L
PRECHARGE (truncate WRITE burst, start precharge)
10, 12
10, 11
10
8, 11
NOTE:
This table applies when CKEn--1 was HIGH and CKEn is HIGH (see Truth Table 2) and after tXSNR or tXSRD
has been met (if the previous state was self refresh).
2.
This table is bank--specific, except where noted, i.e., the current state is for a specific bank and the commands shown
are those allowed to be issued to that bank when in that state. Exceptions are covered in the notes below.
3.
Current state definitions:
Idle:
The bank has been precharged, and tRP has been met.
Row Active:
A row in the bank has been activated, and tRCD has been met. No data bursts/accesses and no register accesses are in progress.
Read:
A READ burst has been initiated, with AUTO PRECHARGE disabled, and has not yet
terminated or been terminated.
Write:
A WRITE burst has been initiated, with AUTO PRECHARGE disabled, and has not yet
terminated or been terminated.
4.
The following states must not be interrupted by a command issued to the same bank. DESELECT or NOP commands, or allowable commands to the other bank should be issued on any clock edge occurring during these
states. Allowable commands to the other bank are determined by its current state and Truth Table 3, and according to Truth Table 4.
Precharging:
Starts with registration of a PRECHARGE command and ends when tRP is met. Once
tRP is met, the bank will be in the idle state.
Row Activating:
Starts with registration of an ACTIVE command and ends when tRCD is met. Once
tRCD is met, the bank will be in the ”row active” state.
Read w/Auto-Precharge Enabled:
Starts with registration of a READ command with AUTO PRECHARGE enabled and
ends when tRP has been met. Once tRP is met, the bank will be in the idle state.
Write w/Auto-Precharge Enabled:
Starts with registration of a WRITE command with AUTO PRECHARGE enabled and
ends when tRP has been met. Once tRP is met, the bank will be in the idle state.
1.
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Page 15
NOTE (continued):
5.
The following states must not be interrupted by any executable command; DESELECT or NOP commands must
be applied on each positive clock edge during these states.
Refreshing:
Starts with registration of an AUTO REFRESH command and ends when tRC is met.
Once tRFC is met, the DDR SDRAM will be in the ”all banks idle” state.
Accessing Mode
Register:
Starts with registration of a MODE REGISTER SET command and ends when tMRD
has been met. Once tMRD is met, the DDR SDRAM will be in the ”all banks idle” state.
Precharging All:
Starts with registration of a PRECHARGE ALL command and ends when tRP is met.
Once tRP is met, all banks will be in the idle state.
6.
All states and sequences not shown are illegal or reserved.
7.
Not bank--specific; requires that all banks are idle and no bursts are in progress.
8.
May or may not be bank--specific; if multiple banks are to be precharged, each must be in a valid state for precharging.
9.
Not bank--specific; BURST TERMINATE affects the most recent READ burst, regardless of bank.
10.
Reads or Writes listed in the Command/Action column include Reads or Writes with AUTO PRECHARGE enabled and Reads or Writes with AUTO PRECHARGE disabled.
11.
Requires appropriate DM masking.
12.
A WRITE command may be applied after the completion of the READ burst; otherwise, a Burst Terminate must
be used to end the READ prior to asserting a WRITE command,
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TRUTH TABLE 4 - Current State Bank n -- Command to Bank m
(Notes: 1--6; notes appear below and on next page)
CURRENT
STATE
CS RAS CAS
WE COMMAND/ACTION
NOTES
H
X
X
X
DESELECT (NOP/continue previous operation)
L
H
H
H
NO OPERATION (NOP/continue previous operation)
Idle
X
X
X
X
Any Command Otherwise Allowed to Bank m
Row
Activating,
g,
Active, or
Precharging
L
L
H
H
ACTIVE (select and activate row)
L
H
L
H
READ (select column and start READ burst)
7
L
H
L
L
WRITE (select column and start WRITE burst)
7
L
L
H
L
PRECHARGE
Read
((Auto-Precharge
Disabled)
L
L
H
H
ACTIVE (select and activate row)
L
H
L
H
READ (select column and start new READ burst)
L
H
L
L
WRITE (select column and start new WRITE burst)
L
L
H
L
PRECHARGE
Write
((Auto-Precharge
Disabled)
L
L
H
H
ACTIVE (select and activate row)
L
H
L
H
READ (select column and start READ burst)
L
H
L
L
WRITE (select column and start new WRITE burst)
L
L
H
L
PRECHARGE
L
L
H
H
ACTIVE (select and activate row)
L
H
L
H
READ (select column and start new READ burst)
L
H
L
L
WRITE (select column and start WRITE burst)
L
L
H
L
PRECHARGE
L
L
H
H
ACTIVE (select and activate row)
L
H
L
H
READ (select column and start READ burst)
3a, 7
L
H
L
L
WRITE (select column and start new WRITE burst)
3a, 7
L
L
H
L
PRECHARGE
Any
Read
(With Auto-Auto
Precharge)
Write
(With Auto
Auto-Precharge)
7
7, 9
7, 8
7
3a, 7
3a, 7, 9
NOTE:
1.
2.
This table applies when CKEn--1 was HIGH and CKEn is HIGH (see Truth Table 2) and after tXSNR or tXSRD
has been met (if the previous state was self refresh).
This table describes alternate bank operation, except where noted, i.e., the current state is for bank n and the
commands shown are those allowed to be issued to bank m (assuming that bank m is in such a state that the
given command is allowable). Exceptions are covered in the notes below.
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NOTE: (continued)
3.
Current state definitions:
Idle:
The bank has been precharged, and tRP has been met.
Row Active:
A row in the bank has been activated, and tRCD has been met. No data bursts/accesses and no register accesses are in progress.
Read:
A READ burst has been initiated, with AUTO PRECHARGE disabled and has not yet
terminated or been terminated.
Write:
A WRITE burst has been initiated, with AUTO PRECHARGE disabled and has not yet
terminated or been terminated.
Read with Auto
Precharge Enabled:
See following text, notes 3a, 3b, and 3c:
Write with Auto
Precharge Enabled:
See following text, notes 3a, 3b, and 3c:
3a. For devices which do not support the optional “concurrent auto precharge” feature, the Read with
Auto Precharge Enabled or Write with Auto Precharge Enabled states can each be broken into two parts: the
access period and the precharge period. For Read with Auto Precharge, the precharge period is defined as if
the same burst was executed with Auto Precharge disabled and then followed with the earliest possible
PRECHARGE command that still accesses all of the data in the burst. For Write with Auto Precharge, the
precharge period begins when tWR ends, with tWR measured as if Auto Precharge was disabled. The access period starts with registration of the command and ends where the precharge period (or tRP) begins.
During the precharge period of the Read with Auto Precharge Enabled or Write with Auto Precharge Enabled
states, ACTIVE, PRECHARGE, READ and WRITE commands to the other bank may be applied; during the
access period, only ACTIVE and PRECHARGE commands to the other bank may be applied. In either case,
all other related limitations apply (e.g., contention between READ data and WRITE data must be avoided).
3b. For devices which do support the optional “concurrent auto precharge” feature, a read with auto precharge enabled, or a write with auto precharge enabled, may be followed by any command to the other banks, as long
as that command does not interrupt the read or write data transfer, and all other related limitations apply (e.g.,
contention between READ data and WRITE data must be avoided.)
3c. The minimum delay from a read or write command with auto precharge enable, to a command to a different
bank, is summarized below, for both cases of “concurrent auto precharge,” supported or not:
From
Command
Write w/AP
Read w/AP
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
To Command
(different bank)
Minimum Delay without
Concurrent Auto
Precharge Support
Minimum Delay with
Concurrent Auto
Precharge Support
Units
Read or
Read w/AP
1+(BL/2) +
(tWR/tCK) (rounded up)
1+(BL/2) + tWTR
tCK
Write or
Write w/AP
1+(BL/2) +
(tWR/tCK) (rounded up)
BL/2
tCK
Precharge or
Activate
1
tCK
Read or
Read w/AP
BL/2
tCK
Write or
Write w/AP
CL (rounded up) + (BL/2)
tCK
Precharge or
Activate
1
tCK
AUTO REFRESH and MODE REGISTER SET commands may only be issued when all banks are idle.
A BURST TERMINATE command cannot be issued to another bank; it applies to the bank represented by the
current state only.
All states and sequences not shown are illegal or reserved.
READs or WRITEs listed in the Command/Action column include READs or WRITEs with AUTO PRECHARGE
enabled and READs or WRITEs with AUTO PRECHARGE disabled.
Requires appropriate DM masking.
A WRITE command may be applied after the completion of data output, otherwise a Burst Terminate must be
used to the READ prior to asserting a WRITE command..
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Power
Applied
Power
On
Precharge
PREALL
Self
Refresh
REFS
REFSX
MRS
EMRS
MRS
REFA
Idle
Auto
Refresh
CKEL
CKEH
Active
Power
Down
ACT
Precharge
Power
Down
CKEH
CKEL
Burst Stop
Row
Active
Write
Read
Write
Read
Write A
Write
Read A
Read
Read
Read A
Write A
Read
A
PRE
Write
A
PRE
PRE
Read
A
Precharge
PRE
PREALL
Automatic Sequence
Command Sequence
PREALL = Precharge All Banks
MRS = Mode Register Set
EMRS = Extended Mode Register Set
REFS = Enter Self Refresh
REFSX = Exit Self Refresh
REFA = Auto Refresh
CKEL = Enter Power Down
CKEH = Exit Power Down
ACT = Active
Write A = Write with Autoprecharge
Read A = Read with Autoprecharge
PRE = Precharge
Figure 7
SIMPLIFIED STATE DIAGRAM
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DESELECT
READ
The DESELECT function (CS = High) prevents
new commands from being executed by the DDR
SDRAM. The DDR SDRAM is effectively deselected. Operations already in progress are not affected.
The READ command is used to initiate a burst
read access to an active row. The value on the BA0,
BA1 inputs selects the bank, and the address provided on inputs A0--Ai, shown in Table 4, selects the
starting column location. The value on input A10 determines whether or not auto precharge is used. If
auto precharge is selected, the row being accessed
will be precharged at the end of the read burst; if
auto precharge is not selected, the row will remain
open for subsequent accesses.
NO OPERATION (NOP)
The NO OPERATION (NOP) command is used to
perform a NOP to a DDR SDRAM which is selected
(CS is LOW). This prevents unwanted commands
from being registered during idle or wait states. Operations already in progress are not affected.
MODE REGISTER SET
The mode registers are loaded via inputs A0--A13.
See mode register descriptions in the Register Definition section. The MODE REGISTER SET command can only be issued when all banks are idle and
no bursts are in progress, and a subsequent executable command cannot be issued until tMRD is met.
ACTIVE
The ACTIVE command is used to open (or activate) a row in a particular bank for a subsequent access. The value on the BA0, BA1 inputs selects the
bank, and the address provided on inputs A0--A13
selects the row. This row remains active (or open)
for accesses until a precharge (or READ or WRITE
with AUTOPRECHARGE) is issued to that bank. A
PRECHARGE (or READ or WRITE with AUTOPRECHARGE) command must be issued before opening a different row in the same bank.
WRITE
The WRITE command is used to initiate a burst
write access to an active row. The value on the BA0,
BA1 inputs selects the bank, and the address provided on inputs A0--Ai, shown in Table 4, selects the
starting column location. The value on input A10 determines whether or not auto precharge is used. If
auto precharge is selected, the row being accessed
will be precharged at the end of the write burst; if
auto precharge is not selected, the row will remain
open for subsequent accesses.
Input data appearing on the DQs is written to the
memory array subject to the DM input logic level appearing coincident with the data. If a given DM signal is registered LOW, the corresponding data will
be written to memory; if the DM signal is registered
HIGH, the corresponding data inputs will be ignored, and a write will not be executed to that byte/
column location.
BURST TERMINATE
The BURST TERMINATE command is used to
truncate read bursts (with autoprecharge disabled).
The most recently registered READ command prior
to the BURST TERMINATE command will be truncated, as shown in the Operation section of this data
sheet.
Density
Column Address
X16
X8
Row Address
X4
64 Mb
A0⇒A7
A0⇒A8
A0⇒A9
A0⇒A11
128 Mb
A0⇒A8
A0⇒A9
A0⇒A9,A11
A0⇒A11
256 Mb
A0⇒A8
A0⇒A9
A0⇒A9,A11
A0⇒A12
512 Mb
A0⇒A9
A0⇒A9,A11
A0⇒A9,A11,A12
A0⇒A12
1 Gb
A0⇒A9
A0⇒A9,A11
A0⇒A9,A11,A12
A0⇒A13
Table 4
ROW-- COLUMN ORGANIZATION BY DENSITY
JESD79C
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PRECHARGE
The PRECHARGE command is used to deactivate the open row in a particular bank or the open
row in all banks. The bank(s) will be available for a
subsequent row access a specified time (tRP) after
the precharge command is issued. Input A10 determines whether one or all banks are to be precharged, and in the case where only one bank is to
be precharged, inputs BA0, BA1 select the bank.
Otherwise BA0, BA1 are treated as ”Don’t Care.”
Once a bank has been precharged, it is in the idle
state and must be activated prior to any READ or
WRITE commands being issued to that bank. A
PRECHARGE command will be treated as a NOP if
there is no open row in that bank, or if the previously
open row is already in the process of precharging.
AUTO PRECHARGE
AUTO PRECHARGE is a feature which performs
the same individual--bank precharge function described above, but without requiring an explicit command. This is accomplished by using A10 to enable
AUTO PRECHARGE in conjunction with a specific
READ or WRITE command. A precharge of the
bank/row that is addressed with the READ or
WRITE command is automatically performed upon
completion of the READ or WRITE burst. AUTO
PRECHARGE is nonpersistent in that it is either enabled or disabled for each individual Read or Write
command.
AUTO PRECHARGE ensures that the precharge
is initiated at the earliest valid stage within a burst.
The user must not issue another command to the
same bank until the precharge time (tRP) is completed. This is determined as if an explicit PRECHARGE command was issued at the earliest possible time, as described for each burst type in the
Operation section of this data sheet.
REFRESH REQUIREMENTS
DDR SDRAMs require a refresh of all rows in any
rolling 64 ms interval. Each refresh is generated in
one of two ways: by an explicit AUTO REFRESH
command, or by an internally timed event in SELF
REFRESH mode. Dividing the number of device
rows into the rolling 64 ms interval defines the average refresh interval, tREFI, which is a guideline to
controllers for distributed refresh timing. For example, a 256 Mb DDR SDRAM has 8192 rows resulting
in a tREFI of 7.8 µs. To avoid excessive interruptions to the memory controller, higher density DDR
SDRAMs maintain the 7.8 µs average refresh time
and perform multiple internal refresh bursts. In
these cases, the refresh recovery times, tRFC and
tXSNR, are extended to accommodate these internal operations.
AUTO REFRESH
AUTO REFRESH is used during normal operation
of the DDR SDRAM and is analogous to CAS–BEFORE–RAS (CBR) refresh in previous DRAM
types. This command is nonpersistent, so it must be
issued each time a refresh is required.
The refresh addressing is generated by the internal refresh controller. This makes the address bits
”Don’t Care” during an AUTO REFRESH command. The DDR SDRAM requires AUTO REFRESH cycles at an average periodic interval of
tREFI (maximum).
To allow for improved efficiency in scheduling and
switching between tasks, some flexibility in the absolute refresh interval is provided. A maximum of
eight AUTO REFRESH commands can be posted
to any given DDR SDRAM, and the maximum absolute interval between any AUTO REFRESH command and the next AUTO REFRESH command is
8 * tREFI.
SELF REFRESH
The SELF REFRESH command can be used to
retain data in the DDR SDRAM, even if the rest of
the system is powered down. When in the self refresh mode, the DDR SDRAM retains data without
external clocking. The SELF REFRESH command
is initiated like an AUTO REFRESH command except CKE is disabled (LOW). The DLL is automatically disabled upon entering SELF REFRESH, and
is automatically enabled upon exiting SELF REFRESH. Any time the DLL is enabled a DLL Reset
must follow and 200 clock cycles should occur before a READ command can be issued. Input signals
except CKE are ”Don’t Care” during SELF REFRESH.
The procedure for exiting self refresh requires a
sequence of commands. First, CK must be stable
prior to CKE going back HIGH. Once CKE is HIGH,
the DDR SDRAM must have NOP commands issued for tXSNR because time is required for the
completion of any internal refresh in progress. A
simple algorithm for meeting both refresh and DLL
requirements is to apply NOPs for 200 clock cycles
before applying any other command.
The use of SELF REFRESH mode introduces the
possibility that an internally timed event can be
missed when CKE is raised for exit from self refresh
mode. Upon exit from SELF REFRESH an extra
auto refresh command is recommended.
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Page 21
CK
OPERATIONS
CK
BANK/ROW ACTIVATION
CKE
Before any READ or WRITE commands can be
issued to a bank within the DDR SDRAM, a row
in that bank must be ”opened.” This is accomplished via the ACTIVE command (Figure 8),
which selects both the bank and the row to be
activated.
HIGH
CS
RAS
CAS
After opening a row (issuing an ACTIVE command), a READ or WRITE command may be issued to that row, subject to the tRCD specification.
WE
A subsequent ACTIVE command to a different
row in the same bank can only be issued after the
previous active row has been ”closed” (precharged). The minimum time interval between
successive ACTIVE commands to the same bank
is defined by tRC.
RA
A0--A13
BA
BA0,1
= DON’T CARE
A subsequent ACTIVE command to another bank
can be issued while the first bank is being accessed, which results in a reduction of total row-access overhead. The minimum time interval between successive ACTIVE commands to different
banks is defined by tRRD.
RA = Row Address
BA = Bank Address
Figure 8
ACTIVATING A SPECIFIC ROW IN A
SPECIFIC BANK
CK
CK
COMMAND
ACT
NOP
NOP
Row
ACT
NOP
NOP
Row
RD/WR
Col
A0--A13
BA0, BA1
Bank Y
Bank X
t RRD
Bank y
t RCD
DON’T CARE
Figure 9
tRCD and tRRD Definition
NOP
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Page 22
Reads
READ bursts are initiated with a READ command, as
shown in Figure 10.
The starting column and bank addresses are provided
with the READ command and AUTO PRECHARGE is
either enabled or disabled for that burst access. If
AUTO PRECHARGE is enabled, the row that is accessed will start precharge at the completion of the
burst. For the generic READ commands used in the
following illustrations, AUTO PRECHARGE is disabled.
During READ bursts, the valid data--out element from
the starting column address will be available following
the CAS latency after the READ command. Each subsequent data--out element will be valid nominally at the
next positive or negative clock edge (i.e., at the next
crossing of CK and CK). Figure 11 shows general timing for each required (CL=2 and CL=2.5 and CL=3)
CAS latency setting. DQS is driven by the DDR
SDRAM along with output data. The initial LOW state
on DQS is known as the read preamble; the LOW state
coincident with the last data--out element is known as
the read postamble.
Upon completion of a burst, assuming no other commands have been initiated, the DQs will go High--Z.
Data from any READ burst may be concatenated with
or truncated with data from a subsequent READ command. In either case, a continuous flow of data can be
maintained. The first data element from the new burst
follows either the last element of a completed burst or
the last desired data element of a longer burst which is
being truncated. The new READ command should be
issued X cycles after the first READ command, where
X equals the number of desired data element pairs
(pairs are required by the 2n prefetch architecture).
This is shown in Figure 12. A READ command can be
initiated on any clock cycle following a previous READ
command. Nonconsecutive READ data is shown for illustration in Figure 13. Full--speed random read accesses within a page (or pages) can be performed as
shown in Figure 14.
CK
CK
CKE
HIGH
CS
RAS
CAS
WE
*A0⇒An
CA
EN AP
A10
DIS AP
BA0,1
BA
= DON’T CARE
CA = Column Address
BA = Bank Address
EN AP = Enable Autoprecharge
DIS AP = Disable Autoprecharge
* See Address tables on PP 3 & 5
Figure 10
READ COMMAND
JESD79C
Page 23
Data from any READ burst may be truncated with
a BURST TERMINATE command, as shown in Figure 15. The BURST TERMINATE latency is equal to
the read (CAS) latency, i.e., the BURST TERMINATE command should be issued X cycles after the
READ command, where X equals the number of desired data element pairs.
Data from any READ burst must be completed or
truncated before a subsequent WRITE command
can be issued.
If truncation is necessary, the BURST TERMINATE command must be used, as shown in Figure
16. The tDQSS MIN case is shown; the tDQSS
MAX case has a longer bus idle time (tDQSS MIN
and tDQSS MAX are defined in the section on
WRITEs).
A READ burst may be followed by, or truncated
with, a PRECHARGE command to the same bank
(provided that AUTO PRECHARGE was not activated). The PRECHARGE command should be issued X cycles after the READ command, where X
equals the number of desired data element pairs
(pairs are required by the 2n prefetch architecture).
This is shown in Figure 17 for READ latencies of 2
and 2.5. Following the PRECHARGE command, a
subsequent command to the same bank cannot be
issued until tRP is met. Note that part of the row precharge time is hidden during the access of the last
data elements.
In the case of a READ being executed to completion, a PRECHARGE command issued at the optimum time (as described above) provides the same
operation that would result from the same READ
burst with AUTO PRECHARGE enabled. The disadvantage of the PRECHARGE command is that it
requires that the command and address buses be
available at the appropriate time to issue the command. The advantage of the PRECHARGE command is that it can be used to truncate bursts.
JESD79C
Page 24
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Banka,
Col n
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
CL = 2
DQS
DO
n
DQ
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Banka,
Col n
NOP
NOP
CL = 2.5
DQS
DO
n
DQ
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Banka,
Col n
NOP
NOP
CL = 3
DQS
DQ
DO
n
DO n = Data Out from column n
Burst Length = 4
3 subsequent elements of Data Out appear in the programmed order following DO n
Figure 11
READ BURST -- REQUIRED CAS LATENCIES
DON’T CARE
JESD79C
Page 25
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Bank,
Col n
Col b
NOP
READ
NOP
NOP
NOP
CL = 2
DQS
DO
n
DQ
DO
b
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Bank,
Col n
Col b
NOP
READ
NOP
NOP
NOP
CL = 2.5
DQS
DO
n
DQ
DO
b
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Bank,
Coln
Col b
NOP
READ
NOP
NOP
NOP
CL = 3
DQS
DQ
DO
n
DO
b
DON’T CARE
DO n (or b) = Data Out from column n (or column b)
Burst Length = 4 or 8 (if 4, the bursts are concatenated; if 8, the second burst interrupts the first)
3 subsequent elements of Data Out appear in the programmed order following DO n
3 (or 7) subsequent elements of Data Out appear in the programmed order following DO b
Read commands shown must be to the same device
Figure 12
CONSECUTIVE READ BURSTS - REQUIRED CAS LATENCIES
JESD79C
Page 26
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
NOP
NOP
READ
NOP
NOP
Bank,
Col b
CL = 2
DQS
DO
n
DQ
DO
b
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
NOP
NOP
READ
NOP
NOP
NOP
Bank,
Col b
CL = 2.5
DQS
DO
n
DQ
DO
b
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
NOP
NOP
READ
NOP
NOP
NOP
Bank,
Col b
CL = 3
DQS
DQ
DO
n
DO
b
DON’T CARE
DO n (or b) = Data Out from column n (or column b)
Burst Length = 4
3 subsequent elements of Data Out appear in the programmed order following DO n (and following DO b)
Figure 13
NONCONSECUTIVE READ BURSTS - REQUIRED CAS LATENCIES
JESD79C
Page 27
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
READ
READ
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
Bank,
Col X
Bank,
Col b
Bank,
Col g
NOP
NOP
CL = 2
DQS
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
n
n’
X
X’
b
b’
g
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
READ
READ
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
Bank,
Col X
Bank,
Col b
Bank,
Col g
NOP
NOP
CL = 2.5
DQS
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
n
n’
X
X’
b
b’
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
READ
READ
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
Bank,
Col X
Bank,
Col b
Bank,
Col g
NOP
NOP
CL = 3
DQS
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
DQ
n
n’
X
X’
b
DON’T CARE
DO n, etc. = Data Out from column n, etc.
n’ , etc. = the next Data Out following DO n, etc. according to the programmed burst order
Burst Length = 2, 4 or 8 in cases shown. If burst of 4 or 8, the burst is interrupted,
Reads are to active rows in any banks
Figure 14
RANDOM READ ACCESSES - REQUIRED CAS LATENCIES
JESD79C
Page 28
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col n
NOP
BST
NOP
NOP
NOP
CL = 2
DQS
DO
n
DQ
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col n
NOP
BST
NOP
NOP
NOP
CL = 2.5
DQS
DO
n
DQ
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col n
NOP
BST
NOP
NOP
NOP
CL =3
DQS
DQ
DO
n
DO n = Data Out from column n
Cases shown are bursts of 8 terminated after 4 data elements
3 subsequent elements of Data Out appear in the programmed order following DO n
DON’T CARE
Figure 15
TERMINATING A READ BURST - REQUIRED CAS LATENCIES
JESD79C
Page 29
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
BST
NOP
WRITE
NOP
NOP
Bank,
Col b
tDQSS
min
CL = 2
DQS
DO
n
DQ
DI
b
DM
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
BST
NOP
NOP
WRITE
NOP
Bank,
Col b
tDQSS
min
CL = 2.5
DQS
DO
n
DQ
DI
b
DM
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col n
BST
NOP
NOP
WRITE
NOP
Bank,
Col b
tDQSS
min
CL = 3
DQS
DQ
DO
n
DI
b
DM
DON’T CARE
DO n (or b) = Data Out from column n (or column b)
Burst Length = 4 in the cases shown (applies for bursts of 8 as well; if burst length is 2, the BST command
shown can be NOP)
1 subsequent element of Data Out appears in the programmed order following DO n
Data In elements are applied following DI b in the programmed order
Figure 16
READ TO WRITE - REQUIRED CAS LATENCIES
JESD79C
Page 30
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col n
NOP
PRE
NOP
NOP
ACT
tRP
Bank
(a or all)
Bank a,
Row
CL = 2
DQS
DO
n
DQ
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col n
NOP
PRE
NOP
NOP
ACT
tRP
Bank
(a or all)
Bank a,
Row
CL = 2.5
DQS
DO
n
DQ
CK
CK
COMMAND
READ
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col n
NOP
PRE
NOP
NOP
ACT
tRP
Bank a,
Row
Bank
(a or all)
CL = 3
DQS
DQ
DO
n
DON’T CARE
DO n = Data Out from column n
Cases shown are either uninterrupted bursts of 4, or interrupted bursts of 8
3 subsequent elements of Data Out appear in the programmed order following DO n
Precharge may be applied at (BL/2) tCK after the READ command.
Note that Precharge may not be issued before tRAS ns after the ACTIVE command for applicable banks.
The Active command may be applied if tRC has been met.
Figure 17
READ TO PRECHARGE -- REQUIRED CAS LATENCIES
JESD79C
Page 31
Writes
WRITE bursts are initiated with a WRITE command, as shown in Figure 18.
The starting column and bank addresses are provided with the WRITE command, and AUTO PRECHARGE is either enabled or disabled for that access. If AUTO PRECHARGE is enabled, the row
being accessed is precharged at the completion of
the burst. For the generic WRITE commands used
in the following illustrations, AUTO PRECHARGE is
disabled.
During WRITE bursts, the first valid data--in element will be registered on the first rising edge of
DQS following the write command, and subsequent
data elements will be registered on successive
edges of DQS. The LOW state on DQS between the
WRITE command and the first rising edge is known
as the write preamble; the LOW state on DQS following the last data--in element is known as the write
postamble. The time between the WRITE command and the first corresponding rising edge of
DQS (tDQSS) is specified with a relatively wide
range (from 75% to 125% of 1 clock cycle). Figures
19 and 20 show the two extremes of tDQSS for a
burst of 4. Upon completion of a burst, assuming no
other commands have been initiated, the DQs will
remain High--Z and any additional input data will be
ignored.
Data for any WRITE burst may be concatenated
with or truncated with a subsequent WRITE command. In either case, a continuous flow of input data
can be maintained. The new WRITE command can
be issued on any positive edge of clock following the
previous WRITE command. The first data element
from the new burst is applied after either the last element of a completed burst or the last desired data
element of a longer burst which is being truncated.
The new WRITE command should be issued X
cycles after the first WRITE command, where X
equals the number of desired data element pairs
(pairs are required by the 2n prefetch architecture).
Figure 22 shows concatenated bursts of 4. An example of nonconsecutive WRITEs is shown in Figure 23. Full--speed random write accesses within a
page or pages can be performed as shown in Figure
24.
Data for any WRITE burst may be followed by a
subsequent READ command. To follow a WRITE
without truncating the write burst, tWTR should be
met as shown in Figure 25
Data for any WRITE burst may be truncated by a
subsequent READ command, as shown in Figures
26. and 27 Note that only the data--in pairs that are
registered prior to the tWTR period are written to the
internal array, and any subsequent data--in must be
masked with DM, as shown in Figures 26 and 27.
Data for any WRITE burst may be followed by a
subsequent PRECHARGE command. To follow a
WRITE without truncating the write burst, tWR
should be met as shown in Figure 28.
Data for any WRITE burst may be truncated by a
subsequent PRECHARGE command, as shown in
Figures 29 and 30.
Note that only the data--in pairs that are registered prior to the tWR period are written to the internal array, and any subsequent data--in should be
masked with DM, as shown in Figures 29 and 30.
Following the PRECHARGE command, a subsequent command to the same bank cannot be issued
until tRP is met.
CK
CK
CKE
HIGH
CS
RAS
CAS
WE
*A0⇒An
CA
EN AP
A10
DIS AP
BA0,1
BA
= DON’T CARE
CA = Column Address
BA = Bank Address
EN AP = Enable Autoprecharge
DIS AP = Disable Autoprecharge
See Column
Address Table
* See Address tables on PP 3 & 5
Figure 18
WRITE COMMAND
JESD79C
Page 32
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T0
T7
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
CK
CK
CK
CK
COMMAND
COMMAND
WRITE
ADDRESS
Bank a
Col b
NOP
NOP
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col. b
tDQSS
min
t
tDQSS
max
DQS
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DQ
DM
DI
b
DM
DON’T CARE
DON’T CARE
DI b = Data in for column b
3 subsequent elements of Data IN are applied in the programmed order following Di b DI b = Data In for column b
3 subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI b
A non--interrupted burst of 4 is shown
A non--interrupted burst of 4 is shown
A10 is LOW with the WRITE command (AUTO PRECHARGE disabled)
A10 is LOW with the WRITE command (AUTO PRECHARGE disabled)
Figure 19
WRITE -- MAX DQSS
Figure 20
WRITE -- MIN DQSS
JESD79C
Page 33
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10 T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
ADDRESS
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
Bank,
Col b
tDQSS(nom)
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DM
tDQSS(min)
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DM
tDQSS(max)
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DM
DI b = Data In for column b
Three elements of data are applied in the programmed order following DI
A noninterrupted burst of 4 is shown
A10 is low with the WRITE command (autoprecharge is disabled)
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one
Data Strobe are used. For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as
well as UDQS and LDQS.
Figure 21
WRITE BURST -- Nom., Min., and Max tDQSS
Don’t Care
JESD79C
Page 34
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10
T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
WRITE
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col b
NOP
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
Bank,
Col n
tDQSS(max)
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DI
n
DM
Don’t Care
DI b, etc. = Data In for column b, etc.
Three subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI b
Three subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI n
Noninterrupted bursts of 4 are shown
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one Data Strobe are used.
For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as UDQS and LDQS.
Figure 22
WRITE TO WRITE -- Max tDQSS
JESD79C
Page 35
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10 T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
WRITE
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col b
NOP
NOP
WRITE
NOP
NOP
Bank,
Col n
tDQSS(max)
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DI
n
DM
Don’t Care
DI b, etc. = Data In for column b, etc.
Three subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI b
Three subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI n
Noninterrupted bursts of 4 are shown
Each WRITE command may be to any bank and may be to the same or different devices
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one Data Strobe are used.
For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as UDQS and LDQS.
Figure 23
WRITE TO WRITE -- Max tDQSS, NON CONSECUTIVE
JESD79C
Page 36
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
CK
CK
COMMAND
ADDRESS
WRITE
WRITE
WRITE
WRITE
WRITE
Bank,
Col b
Bank,
Col x
Bank,
Col n
Bank,
Col a
Bank,
Col g
tDQSS(max)
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DI
b’
DI
x
DI
x’
DI
n
DI
n’
DI
a
DI
a’
DM
Don’t Care
DI b, etc. = Data In for column b, etc.
b’, etc. = the next Data In following DI b, etc. according to the programmed burst order.
Programmed Burst Length = 2, 4, or 8 in cases shown.
If burst of 4 or 8, the burst would be truncated.
Each WRITE command may be to any bank and may be to the same or different devices.
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one Data Strobe are used.
For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as UDQS and LDQS.
Figure 24
RANDOM WRITE CYCLES -- Max tDQSS
JESD79C
Page 37
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10 T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
READ
NOP
tWTR
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col b
Bank
Col n
CL = 2.5
tDQSS(max)
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DM
Don’t Care
DI b = Data In for column b
Three subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI b
A non-interrupted burst of 4 is shown
tWTR is referenced from the first positive CK edge after the last Data In pair
tWTR = 2tCK for optional CL = 1.5 (otherwise tWTR = 1tCK)
A10 is LOW with the WRITE command (AUTO PRECHARGE is disabled)
The READ and WRITE commands are to the same device but not necessarily to the same
bank
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one Data Strobe are used.
For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as UDQS and LDQS.
Figure 25
WRITE TO READ -- Max tDQSS, NON--INTERRUPTING
JESD79C
Page 38
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10 T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
READ
NOP
tWTR
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col b
Bank
Col n
tDQSS(max)
CL = 2.5
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DM
Don’t Care
DI b = Data In for column b
An interrupted burst of 8 is shown, 4 data elements are written
Three subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI b
tWTR is referenced from the first positive CK edge after the last Data In pair
tWTR = 2tCK for optional CL = 1.5 (otherwise tWTR = 1tCK)
A10 is LOW with the WRITE command (AUTO PRECHARGE is disabled)
The READ and WRITE commands are to the same device but not necessarily to the same
bank
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one Data Strobe are used.
For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as UDQS and LDQS.
Figure 26
WRITE TO READ -- Max tDQSS, INTERRUPTING
JESD79C
Page 39
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10 T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
READ
NOP
tWTR
ADDRESS
Bank,
Col b
Bank
Col n
CL = 2.5
tDQSS(max)
DQS
DQ
DI
b
DM
Don’t Care
DI b = Data In for column b
An interrupted burst of 8 is shown, 3 data elements are written
Two subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI b
tWTR is referenced from the first positive CK edge after the last Data In pair (not the last
desired Data In element)
tWTR = 2tCK for optional CL = 1.5 (otherwise tWTR = 1tCK)
A10 is LOW with the WRITE command (AUTO PRECHARGE is disabled)
Example is for x4 or x8 devices where only one Data Mask and one Data Strobe are
used. For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as UDQS and LDQS.
The READ and WRITE commands are to the same device but not necessarily to the
same bank.
Figure 27
WRITE TO READ -- Max tDQSS, ODD NUMBER OF DATA,
INTERRUPTING
JESD79C
Page 40
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10 T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
PRE
tWR
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col b
Bank
(a or all)
tRP
tDQSS(max)
DQS
DQ
DIb
DM
Don’t Care
DI b = Data In for column b
Three subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI b
A non-interrupted burst of 4 is shown
tWR is referenced from the first positive CK edge after the last Data In pair
A10 is LOW with the WRITE command (AUTO PRECHARGE is disabled)
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one Data Strobe are used.
For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as UDQS and LDQS.
Figure 28
WRITE TO PRECHARGE -- Max tDQSS, NON--INTERRUPTING
JESD79C
Page 41
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10 T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
PRE
NOP
tWR
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col b
Bank
(a or all)
tDQSS(max)
tRP
*2
DQS
DQ
DM
DI
b
*1
*1
*1
DI b = Data In for column b
An interrupted burst of 4 or 8 is shown, 2 data elements are written
tWR is referenced from the first positive CK edge after the last desired Data In
pair
A10 is LOW with the WRITE command (AUTO PRECHARGE is disabled)
*1 = can be don’t care for programmed burst length of 4
*2 = for programmed burst length of 4, DQS becomes don’t care at this point
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one Data
Strobe are used. For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as
UDQS and LDQS.
*1
Don’t Care
Figure 29
WRITE TO PRECHARGE -- Max tDQSS, INTERRUPTING
JESD79C
Page 42
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
T9
T10 T11
CK
CK
COMMAND
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
PRE
NOP
tWR
ADDRESS
Bank a,
Col b
Bank
(a or all)
tRP
tDQSS(max)
*2
DQS
DQ
DM
DI
b
*1
*1
*1
*1
DI b = Data In for column b
Don’t Care
An interrupted burst of 4 or 8 is shown, 1 data element is written
tWR is referenced from the first positive CK edge after the last desired Data In pair
A10 is LOW with the WRITE command (AUTO PRECHARGE is disabled)
*1 = can be don’t care for programmed burst length of 4
*2 = for programmed burst length of 4, DQS becomes don’t care at this point
Example is for a x4 or x8 device where only one Data Mask and one Data Strobe are
used. For a X16, UDM and LDM would be required, as well as UDQS and LDQS.
Figure 30
WRITE TO PRECHARGE -- Max tDQSS,
ODD NUMBER OF DATA, INTERRUPTING
JESD79C
Page 43
PRECHARGE
The PRECHARGE command is used to deactivate the open row in a particular bank or the open
row in all banks. The bank(s) will be available for a
subsequent row access some specified time (tRP)
after the precharge command is issued. Input A10
determines whether one or all banks are to be precharged, and in the case where only one bank is to
be precharged, inputs BA0, BA1 select the bank.
When all banks are to be precharged, inputs BA0,
BA1 are treated as ”Don’t Care.” Once a bank has
been precharged, it is in the idle state and must be
activated prior to any READ or WRITE commands
being issued to that bank.
CK
CK
CKE
HIGH
CS
POWER-- DOWN
RAS
CAS
WE
A0--A9, A11--A13
ALL BANKS
A10
ONE BANK
BA0,1
BA
= DON’T CARE
BA = Bank Address (if A10 is
LOW, otherwise ’don’t care’)
Figure 31
PRECHARGE COMMAND
Power--down is entered when CKE is registered
low (no accesses can be in progress and Table 2 criteria must be met). If power--down occurs when all
banks are idle, this mode is referred to as precharge
power--down; if power--down occurs when there is a
row active in any bank, this mode is referred to as
active power--down. Entering power--down deactivates the input and output buffers, excluding CK,
CK and CKE. For maximum power savings, the
user has the option of disabling the DLL prior to entering power--down. In that case, the DLL must be
enabled after exiting power--down, and 200 clock
cycles must occur before a READ command can be
issued. However, power--down duration is limited
by the refresh requirements of the device, so in
most applications, the self--refresh mode is preferred over the DLL--disabled power--down mode.
In power--down, CKE LOW and a stable clock signal must be maintained at the inputs of the DDR
SDRAM, and all other input signals are ”Don’t
Care”.
The power--down state is synchronously exited
when CKE is registered HIGH (along with a NOP or
DESELECT command). A valid executable command may be applied one clock cycle later.
JESD79C
Page 44
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
Tn
Tn+1 Tn+2 Tn+3 Tn+4 Tn+5 Tn+6
((
))
CK
((
))
CK
tIS
tIS
CKE
COMMAND
((
))
((
))
VALID
NOP
((
))
NOP
VALID
No column access
in progress
Enter power--down
mode
Exit power--down
mode
DON’T CARE
Figure 32
POWER--DOWN
JESD79C
Page 45
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS*
Operating Temperature, TA (ambient)
0 °C to +70 °C
Storage Temperature (plastic)
--55 °C to +150 °C
Power Dissipation
1W
Short Circuit Output Current
50 mA
*Stresses greater than those listed under ”Absolute Maximum
Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a
stress rating only, and functional operation of the device at these or
any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect reliability.
Voltage on Vdd Supply (For devices with nominal Vdd of 3.3 V)
Relative to Vss: --1 V to +4.6 V
Voltage on Vdd Supply (For devices with nominal Vdd of 2.5 V or
2.6 V)
Relative to Vss: --1 V to +3.6 V
Voltage on VddQ Supply Relative to Vss: --1 V to +3.6 V
Voltage on Inputs Relative to Vss: --1 V to +3.6 V
Voltage on I/O Pins Relative to Vss: --0.5 V to VddQ+0.5 V
TABLE 5: CAPACITANCE
PARAMETER
Input
p Capacitance:CK,
p
, CK
Delta Input Capacitance:CK, CK
Input Capacitance: All other input--only
input only pins
Delta Input Capacitance: All other input-input
only pins
Input/Output Capacitance: DQ, DQS, DM
Delta Input/Output Capacitance: DQ, DQS,
DM
PACKAGE
SYMBOL
TSOP
BGA
TSOP
BGA
TSOP
BGA
TSOP
BGA
TSOP
BGA
TSOP
BGA
Ci1
MIN
2.0
1.5
--2
1.5
--4.0
3.5
---
Cdi1
Ci2
Cdi2
Cio
Cdio
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
3.0
2.5
0.25
0.25
3
2.5
0.5
0.5
5.0
4.5
0.5
0.5
pF
p
a,d
a,d
a,d
a,d
a,d
a,d
a,d
a,d
a,b,c,d
a,b,c,d
a,b,c,d
a,b,c,d
pF
pF
pF
pF
pF
a) These values are guaranteed by design and are tested on a sample basis only.
b) Although DM is an input--only pin, the input capacitance of this pin must model the input capacitance of the DQ and DQS pins. This
is required to match signal propagation times of DQ, DQS, and DM in the system.
c) Unused pins are tied to ground.
d).This parameter is sampled. For DDR 200, 266, and 333, VDDQ = +2.5 V +0.2 V, VDD = +3.3 V +0.3 V or +2.5 V +0.2 V.
For DDR400, VDDQ = +2.6 V ±0.1 V, VDD = +2.6 V ±0.1 V.
For all devices, f = 100 MHz, tA = 25 C, Vout(dc) = VDDQ/2, Vout(peak to peak) = 0.2 V. DM inputs are grouped with I/O pins -reflecting the fact that they are matched in loading (to facilitate trace matching at the board level).
e) The ratio of the pullup current to the pulldown current is specified for the same temperature and voltage, over the entire temperature
and voltage range, for device drain to source voltages from 0.25 V to 1.0 V. For a given output, it represents the maximum difference between pullup and pulldown drivers due to process variation. The full variation in the ratio of the maximum to minimum pullup
and pulldown current will not exceed 1.7 for device drain to source voltages from 0.1 to 1.0.
TABLE 6: ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND DC OPERATING CONDITIONS
(Notes: 1--6, These characteristics are for DDR SDRAM only and obey SSTL_2 class II standard.)
(0°C ≤ TA ≤ 70°C; For DDR 200, 266, and 333, VDDQ = +2.5 V ±0.2 V, Vdd = +3.3 V ±0.3 V or +2.5 V ±0.2 V
for DDR400, VDDQ = +2.6 V ±0.1 V, VDD = +2.6 V ±0.1 V)
PARAMETER/CONDITION
SYMBOL
MIN
MAX
UNITS
Supply Voltage (for devices with a nominal VDD of 3.3 V)
VDD
3
3.6
V
Supply Voltage (for devices with a nominal VDD of 2.5 V)
VDD
2.3
2.7
V
Supply Voltage (for devices with a nominal VDD of 2.6 V)
NOTES
VDD
2.5
2.7
V
I/O Supply Voltage (for devices with a nominal VDD of 2.5 V)
VDDQ
2.3
2.7
V
I/O Supply Voltage (for devices with a nominal VDD of 2.6 V)
VDDQ
2.5
2.7
V
I/O Reference Voltage
VREF
0.49*VDDQ
0.51*VDDQ
V
7
VTT
VREF--0.04
VREF+0.04
V
8
VIH(DC)
VREF+0.15
VDD+0.3
V
Input Low (Logic 0) Voltage
VIL(DC)
--0.3
VREF--0.15
V
Input Voltage Level, CK and CK inputs
VIN(DC)
--0.3
VDDQ+0.3
V
Input Differential Voltage, CK and CK inputs
VID(DC)
0.36
VDDQ+0.6
V
9
V--I Matching: Pullup to Pulldown Current Ratio
VI(Ratio)
0.71
1.4
--
e
IL
--2
2
mA
IOZ
--5
5
5
mA
IOH
IOL
--16.2
16 2
16 2
16.2
I/O Termination Voltage (system)
Input High (Logic 1) Voltage
INPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT,
CURRENT Any input 0V ≤ VIN ≤ VDD
(All other pins not under test = 0 V)
OUTPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT
(DQs are disabled; 0V ≤ VOUT ≤ VDDQ)
OUTPUT LEVELS Output High Current (VOUT = 1.95
1 95 V)
Output Low Current (VOUT = 0
0.35
35 V)
mA
mA
A
JESD79C
Page 46
TABLE 7: AC OPERATING CONDITIONS
(Notes: 1--6, These characteristics are for DDR SDRAM only and obey SSTL_2 class II standard.)
(0°C ≤ TA ≤ 70°C; For DDR 200, 266, and 333, VDDQ = +2.5 V ±0.2 V, Vdd = +3.3 V ±0.3 V or +2.5 V ±0.2 V;
for DDR400, VDDQ = +2.6 V ±0.1 V, VDD = +2.6 V ±0.1 V)
PARAMETER/CONDITION
SYMBOL
MIN
Input High (Logic 1) Voltage, DQ, DQS
and DM signals
VIH(ac)
VREF + 0.31
Input Low (Logic 0) Voltage, DQ, DQS
and DM signals
VIL(ac)
Input Differential Voltage, CK and CK inputs
VID(ac)
Input Crossing Point Voltage, CK and CK
inputs
VIX(ac)
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
V
VREF -- 0.31
V
0.7
VDDQ + 0.6
V
9
0.5*VDDQ--0.2
0.5*VDDQ+0.2
V
10
TABLE 8: IDD SPECIFICATION PARAMETERS AND TEST CONDITIONS
This table is provided for the users of this Standard so that suppliers use a common format for parameter definitions of their
individual IDD specifications. Values will be specific to each supplier.
Conditions
Symbol
Typ
Max
Operating current for one bank active-precharge; tRC = tRC(min); tCK = 10 ns for DDR200, 7.5 ns for
DDR266, 6 ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400; DQ, DM and DQS inputs changing once per clock cycle;
address and control inputs changing once every two clock cycles; CS = high between valid commands.
IDD0
-
-
Operating current for one bank operation; one bank open, BL = 4, reads - Refer to the following page for
detailed test conditions: CS = high between valid commands.
IDD1
-
-
IDD2P
-
-
IDD2F
-
-
IDD2Q
-
-
IDD3P
-
-
Active standby current; CS VIH(min); CKE
VIH(min); one bank active; tRC = tRAS(max); tCK = 10 ns
for DDR200, 7.5 ns for DDR266, 6 ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400; DQ, DQS and DM inputs changing
twice per clock cycle; address and other control inputs changing once per clock cycle
IDD3N
-
-
Operating current for burst read; burst length = 2; reads; continuous burst; one bank active; address
and control inputs changing once per clock cycle; CL = 2 at tCK = 10 ns for DDR200, CL = 2 at tCK = 7.5
ns for DDR266A, CL = 2.5 at tCK = 7.5 ns for DDR266B, 6 ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400; 50% of data
changing on every transfer; lOUT = 0 mA
IDD4R
-
-
Operating current for burst write; burst length = 2; writes; continuous burst; one bank active address
and control inputs changing once per clock cycle; CL = 2 at tCK = 10 ns for DDR200, CL = 2 at tCK = 7.5
ns for DDR266A, CL = 2.5 at tCK = 7.5 ns for DDR266B, 6 ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400; DQ, DM and
DQS inputs changing twice per clock cycle, 50% of input data changing at every transfer
IDD4W
-
-
Auto refresh current; tRC = tRFC(min) which is 8 * tCK for DDR200 at tCK = 10 ns, 10 * tCK for DDR266 at
tCK = 7.5 ns; 12 * tCK for DDR333 at tCK = 6ns; 14 * tCK for DDR400 at tCK = 5ns; IDD5: tRC = tRFC = # of
clocks is for 512 Mb devices and smaller. 1Gb devices will require additional clock cycles.
IDD5
-
-
Self refresh current; CKE 0.2 V; external clock on; tCK = 10 ns for DDR200, tCK = 7.5 ns for DDR266, 6
ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400
IDD6
-
-
Operating current for four bank operation; four bank interleaving with BL = 4 - Refer to the following
page for detailed test condition
IDD7
-
-
≤
Precharge power-down standby current; all banks idle; power-down mode; CKE
VIL(max); tCK = 10 ns
for DDR200, 7.5 ns for DDR266A, DDR266B, 6 ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400; VIN = VREF for DQ, DQS
and DM
≥
≥
Precharge floating standby current; CS
VIH(min); all banks idle; CKE
VIH(min); tCK = 10 ns for
DDR200, 7.5 ns for DDR266, 6 ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400; address and other control inputs changing once per clock cycle; VIN = VREF for DQ, DQS and DM
≥
≥
Precharge quiet standby current; CS VIH(min); all banks idle; CKE VIH(min); tCK = 10 ns for
DDR200, 7.5 ns for DDR266, 6 ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400; address and other control inputs stable
at
≥ VIH(min) or ≤ VIL (max); VIN = VREF for DQ, DQS and DM
≤
Active power-down standby current ; one bank active; power-down mode; CKE
VIL(max); tCK = 10
ns for DDR200, 7.5 ns for DDR266, 6 ns for DDR333, 5 ns for DDR400; VIN = VREF for DQ, DQS and DM
≥
≥
≤
Typical case : For DDR200, 266, and 333: VDD = 2.5 V, T = 25
_
_C; For DDR400: VDD = 2.6 V, T = 25 _C
Worst case : VDD = 2.7 V, T = 10 C
Self refresh: normal/low power respectively
Measured values for all items will be averaged from repeated cycles with the above description
JESD79C
Page 47
Detailed test conditions for DDR SDRAM IDD1 and IDD7
Typical Case: For DDR200, 266, and 333: VDD = 2.5 V, T = 25° C; For DDR400: VDD = 2.6 V, T = 25 _C
Worst Case: VDD = 2.7 V, T = 10° C
Legend: A = Active, R = Read, RA = Read with Autoprecharge, P = Precharge, N = DESELECT
IDD1 : Operating current: One bank operation
Only one bank is accessed with tRC(min), Burst Mode, Address and Control inputs change logic state
once per Deselect cycle. lOUT = 0 mA
Timing patterns
- DDR200 (100 MHz, CL = 2): tCK = 10 ns, BL = 4, tRCD = 2 * tCK, tRC = 7 * tCK, tRAS = 5 * tCK
Setup: A0 N R0 N N P0 N
Read: A0 N R0 N N P0 N - repeat the same timing with random address changing
50% of data changing at every transfer
- DDR266B (133 MHz, CL = 2.5): tCK = 7.5 ns, BL = 4, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRC = 9 * tCK, tRAS = 6 * tCK
- DDR266A (133 MHz, CL = 2): tCK = 7.5 ns, BL = 4, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRC = 9 * tCK, tRAS = 6 * tCK
Setup: A0 N N R0 N N P0 N N
Read: A0 N N R0 N N P0 N N - repeat the same timing with random address changing
50% of data changing at every transfer
- DDR333B (167 MHz, CL = 2.5): tCK = 6 ns, BL = 4, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRC = 10 * tCK, tRAS = 7 * tCK
Setup: A0 N N R0 N N N P0 N N
Read: A0 N N R0 N N N P0 N N - repeat the same timing with random address changing
50% of data changing at every transfer
- DDR400B (200 MHz, CL = 3): tCK = 5 ns, BL = 4, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRC = 11 * tCK, tRAS = 8 * tCK
Setup: A0 N N R0 N N N N P0 N N
Read: A0 N N R0 N N N N P0 N N - repeat the same timing with random address changing
50% of data changing at every transfer
IDD7 : Operating current: Four bank operation
Four banks are being interleaved with tRC(min), Burst Mode, Address and Control inputs on Deselect
edge are not changing. lOUT = 0 mA
Timing patterns
- DDR200 (100 MHz, CL = 2): tCK = 10 ns, BL = 4, tRRD = 2 * tCK, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRAS = 5 * tCK
Setup: A0 N A1 RA0 A2 RA1 A3 RA2
Read: A0 RA3 A1 RA0 A2 RA1 A3 RA2 - repeat the same timing with random address changing
50% of data changing at every transfer
- DDR266B (133 MHz, CL = 2.5): tCK = 7.5 ns, BL = 4, tRRD = 2 * tCK, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRAS = 6 * tCK
- DDR266A (133 MHz, CL = 2): tCK = 7.5 ns, BL = 4, tRRD = 2 * tCK, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRAS = 6 * tCK
Setup: A0 N A1 RA0 A2 RA1 A3 RA2 N RA3
Read: A0 N A1 RA0 A2 RA1 A3 RA2 N RA3 - repeat the same timing with random address
changing 50% of data changing at every transfer
- DDR333B (167 MHz, CL = 2.5): tCK = 6 ns, BL = 4, tRRD = 2 * tCK, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRAS = 7 * tCK
Setup: A0 N A1 RA0 A2 RA1 A3 RA2 N RA3
Read: A0 N A1 RA0 A2 RA1 A3 RA2 N RA3 - repeat the same timing with random address
changing 50% of data changing at every transfer
- DDR400B (200 MHz, CL = 3): tCK = 5 ns, BL = 4, tRRD = 2 * tCK, tRCD = 3 * tCK, tRAS = 8 * tCK
Setup: A0 N A1 RA0 A2 RA1 A3 RA2 N RA3 N
Read: A0 N A1 RA0 A2 RA1 A3 RA2 N RA3 N - repeat the same timing with random address
changing 50% of data changing at every transfer
JESD79C
Page 48
CK
CK
tRCD
COMMAND
ACT
READ
AP
ACT
READ
AP
ACT
READ
AP
ACT
READ
AP
ACT
Bank 0
Row d
Bank 3
Col c
Bank 1
Row e
Bank 0
Col d
Bank 2
Row f
Bank 1
Col e
Bank 3
Row g
Bank 2
Col f
Bank 0
Row h
. . . pattern repeats . . .
ADDRESS
CL = 2
DQS
DQ
DO a DO a DO b DO b DO b DO b DO c DO c DO c DO c DO d DO d DO d DO d DO e DO e DO e DO e DO e DO f DO f DO f
FIGURE 33: Timing waveform for IDD7 measurement at 100 MHz Ck operation
JESD79C
Page 49
TABLE 9: ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND AC TIMING
Part A: DDR333, DDR266, DDR200 Devices
All specification parameters are guaranteed by the supplier, but it is not implied that this table represents a test specification.
Absolute Specifications (Notes: 1--6, 13, 14) (0°C ≤ TA ≤ 70 °C; VDDQ = +2.5 V ±0.2 V, VDD = +3.3 V ±0.3 V or +2.5 V ±0.2 V)
AC CHARACTERISTICS
PARAMETER
DQ output access time from CK/CK
DQS output access time from CK/CK
CK high--level width
CK low--level width
CK half period
Clock cycle time
SYMBOL
tAC
tDQSCK
tCH
tCL
tHP
tCK
CL = 2.5
CL = 2
DQ and DM input hold time
DQ and DM input setup time
Control & Address input pulse width (for each input)
DQ and DM input pulse width (for each input)
DQ & DQS high--impedance time from CK/CK
DQ & DQS low--impedance time from CK/CK
DQS--DQ
QS Q S
Skew
e (for
( o DQS
QS and
a d
associated DQ signals)
TSOP
SO Package
ac age
BGA Package
DQ/DQS output hold time from DQS
Data
ata Hold
o d Skew
S e Factor
acto (for
( o DQS
QS
and associated DQ Signals)
TSOP
SO Package
ac age
BGA Package
Write command to first DQS latching transition
DQS input high pulse width
DQS input low pulse width
DQS falling edge to CK setup time
DQS falling edge hold time from CK
MODE REGISTER SET command cycle time
Write preamble setup time
Write postamble
Write preamble
Address and Control input hold time (fast slew rate)
Address and Control input setup time (fast slew rate)
Address and Control input hold time (slow slew rate)
Address and Control input setup time (slow slew rate)
Read preamble
CL=2.5
CL = 2.0
CL = 1.5
Read preamble setup time (Optional CL=1.5)
Read postamble
ACTIVE to PRECHARGE command
ACTIVE to ACTIVE/Auto Refresh command period
Auto
uto Refresh
e es to Active/Auto
ct e/ uto
Refresh command period
64Mb,
6 b, 512Mb
5
b
1Gb
tCK
7.5
tDH
tDS
tIPW
tDIPW
tHZ
tLZ
tDQSQ
0.45
0.45
2.2
1.75
tQH
tQHS
tRPRES
tRPST
tRAS
tRC
ttRFC
C
Active to Autoprecharge Delay
tRAP
ACTIVE bank A to ACTIVE bank B command
Write recovery time
Auto Precharge write recovery + precharge time
Internal Write to Read Command Delay
CL=2.5
CL=2.0
CL=1.5
Exit self refresh to non--READ
64Mb to 512 Mb
command
1Gb
Exit self refresh to READ command
tRRD
tWR
tDAL
tWTR
tXSNR
tXSRD
ttREFI
12
DDR266
MIN
MAX
--0.75
+0.75
--0.75
+0.75
0.45
0.55
0.45
0.55
min
(tCL, tCH)
7.5
12
7.5
+0.70
+0.70
+0.45
--0.75
+0.4
0.4
42
60
72
0.60
1.1
1.1
N/A
N/A
0.6
70,000
10
+0.75
+0.75
+0.5
--0.8
+0.5
+0.75
0.75
0.35
0.35
0.2
0.2
2
0
0.4
0.25
0.9
0.9
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
N/A
0.4
45
65
75
1.25
0.6
1.1
1.1
N/A
N/A
0.6
120,000
0.75
0.35
0.35
0.2
0.2
2
0
0.40
0.25
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
0.9
0;9
-0.4
50
70
80
UNITS
ns
ns
tCK
tCK
ns
NOTES
ns
30
24, 25
12
ns
30
+0.8
+0.8
+0.6
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
j, k
j, k
22
22
15
15
26
+0.6
ns
26
+1.0
ns.
ns
25
25
+1.0
ns
25
1.25
tCK
tCK
tCK
tCK
tCK
tCK
ns
tCK
tCK
ns
ns
ns
ns
tCK
tCK
tCK
ns
tCK
ns
ns
ns
tHP--tQHS
+0.75
+0.5
1.25
DDR200
MIN
MAX
--0.8
+0.8
--0.8
+0.8
0.45
0.55
0.45
0.55
min
(tCL, tCH)
10
12
0.6
0.6
2.5
2
tHP--tQHS
+0.55
0.75
0.35
0.35
0.2
0.2
2
0
0.40
0.25
0.75
0.75
0.80
0.80
0.9
0.9
N/A
12
0.5
0.5
2.2
1.75
tHP--tQHS
tQHS
tDQSS
tDQSH
tDQSL
tDSS
tDSH
tMRD
tWPRES
tWPST
tWPRE
tIH
tIS
tIH
tIS
tRPRE
tRCD
tRP
64Mb,
6 b, 128Mb
8 b
256Mb to 1Gb
--0.70
tDQSQ
ACTIVE to READ or WRITE delay
PRECHARGE command period
Average
e age Periodic
e od c Refresh
e es Interval
te a
DDR333
MIN
MAX
--0.70
+0.70
--0.60
+0.60
0.45
0.55
0.45
0.55
min
(tCL, tCH)
6
12
0.60
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.5
0.6
120,000
120
120
120
ns
18
18
tRCD or
tRASmin
12
15
---1
1
N/A
75
126
200
20
20
tRCD or
tRASmin
15
15
---1
1
N/A
75
127.5
200
20
20
tRCD or
tRASmin
15
15
---1
1
2
80
130
200
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
tCK
tCK
tCK
tCK
ns
17
16
i, 19, 21--23
i, 19, 21--23
i, 20--23
i, 20--23
28
28
28
28
27
29
15.6
15.6
15.6
tCK
ms
18
7.8
7.8
7.8
ms
18
JESD79C
Page 50
Part B: DDR400A, DDR400B, DDR400C Devices
All specification parameters are guaranteed by the supplier, but it is not implied that this table represents a test specification.
Absolute Specifications (Notes: 1--6, 13, 14) (0°C ≤ TA ≤ 70 °C; VDDQ = +2.6 V ±0.1 V, VDD =
AC CHARACTERISTICS
SYMBOL
tAC
tDQSCK
tCH
tCL
tHP
PARAMETER
DQ output access time from CK/CK
DQS output access time from CK/CK
CK high--level width
CK low--level width
CK half period
Clock cycle time
DQ and DM input hold time
DQ and DM input setup time
Control & Address input pulse width (for each input)
DQ and DM input pulse width (for each input)
DQ & DQS high--impedance time from CK/CK
DQ & DQS low--impedance time from CK/CK
DQS--DQ
QS Q S
Skew
e (for
( o DQS
QS and
a d
associated DQ signals)
TSOP
SO Package
ac age
BGA Package
DQ/DQS output hold time from DQS
Data
ata Hold
o d Skew
S e Factor
acto (for
( o DQS
QS
and associated DQ Signals)
TSOP
SO Package
ac age
BGA Package
Write command to first DQS latching transition
DQS input high pulse width
DQS input low pulse width
DQS falling edge to CK setup time
DQS falling edge hold time from CK
MODE REGISTER SET command cycle time
Write preamble setup time
Write postamble
Write preamble
Address and Control input hold time (fast slew rate)
Address and Control input setup time (fast slew rate)
Address and Control input hold time (slow slew rate)
Address and Control input setup time (slow slew rate)
Read preamble
CL=3
CL = 2.5
CL = 2.0
CL = 1.5
Read preamble setup time (Optional CL=1.5)
Read postamble
ACTIVE to PRECHARGE command
ACTIVE to ACTIVE/Auto Refresh command period
Auto
uto Refresh
e es to Active/Auto
ct e/ uto
Refresh command period
64Mb,
6 b, 512Mb
5
b
1Gb
MAX
+0.7
+0.6
0.55
0.55
MAX
+0.7
+0.6
0.55
0.55
8
8
ns
30
12
6
12
6
12
ns
30
tCK
7.5
12
7.5
12
7.5
12
ns
30
tDH
tDS
tIPW
tDIPW
tHZ
tLZ
tDQSQ
0.4
0.4
2.2
1.75
+0.7
+0.7
+0.4
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
22
22
15
15
26
+0.4
ns
26
+0.5
ns.
ns
25
25
+0.5
ns
25
1.25
tCK
tCK
tCK
tCK
tCK
tCK
ns
tCK
tCK
ns
ns
ns
ns
tCK
tCK
tCK
--0.7
tDQSQ
tQH
tQHS
tRPRES
tRPST
tRAS
tRC
ttRFC
C
tRAP
tRRD
tWR
tDAL
tWTR
tXSNR
tXSRD
ttREFI
0.4
0.4
2.2
1.75
+0.7
+0.7
+0.4
--0.7
+0.4
tHP--tQHS
0.4
40
55
70
+0.7
+0.7
+0.4
1.25
0.6
1.1
1.1
1.1
N/A
N/A
0.6
70,000
--0.7
+0.4
tHP--tQHS
+0.5
+0.5
0.72
0.35
0.35
0.2
0.2
2
0
0.4
0.25
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.9
0.9
0.9
N/A
0.4
0.4
2.2
1.75
tHP--tQHS
+0.5
tQHS
tDQSS
tDQSH
tDQSL
tDSS
tDSH
tMRD
tWPRES
tWPST
tWPRE
tIH
tIS
tIH
tIS
tRPRE
ACTIVE bank A to ACTIVE bank B command
Write recovery time
Auto Precharge write recovery + precharge time
Internal Write to Read Command Delay . . . . . CL=3
CL=2.5
CL=2.0
CL=1.5
Exit self refresh to non--READ
64Mb to 512 Mb
command
1Gb
Exit self refresh to READ command
64Mb,
6 b, 128Mb
8 b
256Mb to 1Gb
MIN
--0.7
--0.6
0.45
0.45
min
(tCL, tCH)
5
5
Active to Autoprecharge Delay
Average
e age Periodic
e od c Refresh
e es Interval
te a
DDR400C (3--4--4)
tCK
tRCD
tRP
ACTIVE to READ or WRITE delay
PRECHARGE command period
+2.6 V ±0.1 V)
DDR400B (3--3--3)
MIN
--0.7
--0.6
0.45
0.45
min
(tCL, tCH)
5
tCK
CL = 3
CL = 2.5
CL = 2
DDR400A
(2.5--3--3)
MIN
MAX
--0.7
+0.7
--0.6
+0.6
0.45
0.55
0.45
0.55
min
(tCL, tCH)
5
8
+0.5
0.72
0.35
0.35
0.2
0.2
2
0
0.4
0.25
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.9
0.9
0.9
N/A
0.4
40
55
70
1.25
0.6
1.1
1.1
1.1
N/A
N/A
0.6
70,000
0.72
0.35
0.35
0.2
0.2
2
0
0.4
0.25
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.9
0.9
0;9
N/A
0.4
40
60
70
0.6
1.1
1.1
1.1
N/A
N/A
0.6
70,000
UNITS
ns
ns
tCK
tCK
ns
NOTES
ns
tCK
ns
ns
ns
120
120
120
ns
15
15
tRCD or
tRASmin
10
15
---2
2
2
N/A
75
126
200
15
15
tRCD or
tRASmin
10
15
---2
2
2
N/A
75
126
200
18
18
tRCD or
tRASmin
10
15
---2
2
2
N/A
75
126
200
ns
ns
ns
24, 25
17
16
19, 21--23
19, 21--23
20--23
20--23
28
28
28
28
ns
ns
tCK
tCK
tCK
tCK
27
ns
29
15.6
15.6
15.6
tCK
ms
18
7.8
7.8
7.8
ms
18
JESD79C
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TABLE 10: AC TIMING VARIATIONS FOR DDR333, DDR266, & DDR200 Devices
This table defines several parameters that differ from those given in Table 9 to establish A & B variants of
the primary speed sort specifications for DDR200, DDR266, & DDR333.
DDR333B
DDR266A
DDR266B
DDR200
DDR200B
Units
Parameter
min
max
min
max
min
max
min
max
min
max
ns
tAC
-0.7
0.7
-0.75
0.75
-0.75
0.75
-0.8
0.8
-0.8
0.8
ns
tDQSCK
-0.7
0.7
-0.75
0.75
-0.75
0.75
-0.8
0.8
-0.8
0.8
ns
tCK CL = 2.5
6
12
7.5
12
7.5
12
10
12
10
12
ns
tCK CL = 2.0
7.5
12
7.5
12
10
12
10
12
10
12
ns
tRRD
12
15
15
15
20
ns
tWR
15
15
15
15
20
ns
Component Notes
1. All voltages referenced to Vss.
2. Tests for ac timing, IDD, and electrical, ac and dc
characteristics, may be conducted at nominal reference/supply voltage levels, but the related specifications and device operation are guaranteed for the
full voltage range specified.
3. Figure 34 represents the timing reference load
used in defining the relevant timing parameters of
the part. It is not intended to be either a precise representation of the typical system environment nor a
depiction of the actual load presented by a production tester. System designers will use IBIS or other
simulation tools to correlate the timing reference
load to a system environment. Manufacturers will
correlate to their production test conditions (generally a coaxial transmission line terminated at the tester electronics).
V TT
50 ohms
Output
(Vout)
30 pF
Figure 34: Timing Reference Load
4. AC timing and IDD tests may use a VIL to VIH swing
of up to 1.5 V in the test environment, but input timing is still referenced to VREF (or to the crossing
point for CK/CK), and parameter specifications are
guaranteed for the specified ac input levels under
normal use conditions. The minimum slew rate for
the input signals is 1 V/ns in the range between
VIL(ac) and VIH(ac).
5. The ac and dc input level specifications are as defined in the SSTL_2 Standard (i.e., the receiver will
effectively switch as a result of the signal crossing
the ac input level and will remain in that state as long
as the signal does not ring back above (below) the
dc input LOW (HIGH) level.
6. Inputs are not recognized as valid until VREF stabilizes. Exception: during the period before VREF stabilizes, CKE ≤ 0.2VDDQ is recognized as LOW.
7. VREF is expected to be equal to 0.5*VDDQ of the
transmitting device, and to track variations in the dc
level of the same. Peak--to--peak noise on VREF
may not exceed +/--2% of the dc value.
8. VTT is not applied directly to the device. VTT is a
system supply for signal termination resistors, is expected to be set equal to VREF and must track variations in the dc level of VREF.
9. VID is the magnitude of the difference between the
input level on CK and the input level on CK.
10. The value of VIX is expected to equal 0.5*VDDQ of
the transmitting device and must track variations in
the dc level of the same.
11. Enables on--chip refresh and address counters.
12. IDD specifications are tested after the device is
properly initialized.
13. The CK/CK input reference level (for timing referenced to CK/CK) is the point at which CK and CK
cross; the input reference level for signals other
than CK/CK, is VREF.
14. The output timing reference voltage level is VTT.
15. tHZ and tLZ transitions occur in the same access
time windows as valid data transitions. These parameters are not referenced to a specific voltage
level but specify when the device output is no longer
driving (HZ), or begins driving (LZ).
16. The maximum limit for this parameter is not a device
limit. The device will operate with a greater value for
this parameter, but system performance (bus turnaround) will degrade accordingly.
JESD79C
Page 52
17. The specific requirement is that DQS be valid
(HIGH, LOW, or at some point on a valid transition)
on or before this CK edge. A valid transition is defined as monotonic and meeting the input slew rate
specifications of the device. When no writes were
previously in progress on the bus, DQS will be transitioning from High--Z to logic LOW. If a previous
write was in progress, DQS could be HIGH, LOW, or
transitioning from HIGH to LOW at this time, depending on tDQSS.
18. A maximum of eight AUTO REFRESH commands
can be posted to any given DDR SDRAM device.
19. For command/address input slew rate ≥1.0 V/ns
20. For command/address input slew rate ≥0.5 V/ns
and <1.0 V/ns
21. For CK & CK slew rate ≥1.0 V/ns (single--ended)
22. These parameters guarantee device timing, but
they are not necessarily tested on each device.
They may be guaranteed by device design or tester
correlation.
23. Slew Rate is measured between VOH(ac) and
VOL(ac).
24. Min (tCL, tCH) refers to the smaller of the actual
clock low time and the actual clock high time as provided to the device (i.e. this value can be greater
than the minimum specification limits for tCL and
tCH)....For example, tCL and tCH are = 50% of the
period, less the half period jitter (tJIT(HP)) of the
clock source, and less the half period jitter due to
crosstalk (tJIT(crosstalk)) into the clock traces.
25. tQH = tHP -- tQHS, where:
tHP = minimum half clock period for any given cycle
and is defined by clock high or clock low (tCH, tCL).
tQHS accounts for 1) The pulse duration distortion
of on--chip clock circuits; and 2) The worst case
push--out of DQS on one transition followed by the
worst case pull--in of DQ on the next transition, both
of which are, separately, due to data pin skew and
output pattern effects, and p--channel to n--channel
variation of the output drivers.
26. tDQSQ
Consists of data pin skew and output pattern effects, and p--channel to n--channel variation of the
output drivers for any given cycle.
27. tDAL = (tWR/tCK) + (tRP/tCK)
For each of the terms above, if not already an integer, round to the next highest integer.
Example: For DDR266B at CL=2.5 and tCK=7.5 ns
tDAL = ((15 ns / 7.5 ns) + (20 ns / 7.5 ns)) clocks
= ((2) + (3)) clocks
= 5 clocks
28 Optional CAS Latency, 1.5, is only defined for
DDR200 speed grade
29 In all circumstances, tXSNR can be satisfied using
tXSNR = tRFCmin + 1*tCK
30 The only time that the clock frequency is allowed to
change is during self--refresh mode.
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SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS for DDR SDRAMS
The following specification parameters are required in systems using DDR333, DDR266 & DDR200 devices to ensure proper system performance. These characteristics are for system simulation purposes
and are guaranteed by design.
Table 11: Input Slew Rate for DQ, DQS, and DM
AC CHARACTERISTICS
PARAMETER
DQ/DM/DQS input slew rate measured between
VIH(DC), VIL(DC) and VIL(DC), VIH(DC)
DDR333
MIN
MAX
TBD
TBD
SYMBOL
DCSLEW
DDR266
MIN
MAX
TBD
TBD
DDR200
MIN
MAX
0.5
4.0
Table 12: Input Setup & Hold Time Derating for Slew Rate
Input Slew Rate
∆tIS
∆tIH
UNITS
NOTES
0.5 V/ns
0
0
ps
i
0.4 V/ns
+50
0
ps
i
0.3 V/ns
+100
0
ps
i
Table 13: Input/Output Setup & Hold Time Derating for Slew Rate
I/O Input Slew Rate
∆tDS
∆tDH
UNITS
NOTES
0.5 V/ns
0
0
ps
k
0.4 V/ns
+75
+75
ps
k
0.3 V/ns
+150
+150
ps
k
Table 14: Input/Output Setup & Hold Derating for Rise/Fall Delta Slew Rate
Delta Slew Rate
∆tDS
∆tDH
UNITS
NOTES
¦0.0 ns/V
0
0
ps
j
¦0.25 ns/V
+50
+50
ps
j
¦0.5 ns/V
+100
+100
ps
j
Table 15: Output Slew Rate Characteristics (X4, X8 Devices only)
Slew Rate Characteristic
Typical Range
(V/ns)
Minimum
(V/ns)
Maximum
(V/ns)
NOTES
Pullup Slew Rate
1.2 -- 2.5
1.0
4.5
a,c,d,f,g,h
Pulldown Slew Rate
1.2 -- 2.5
1.0
4.5
b,c,d,f,g,h
Table 16: Output Slew Rate Characteristics (X16 Devices only)
Slew Rate Characteristic
Typical Range
(V/ns)
Minimum
(V/ns)
Maximum
(V/ns)
NOTES
Pullup Slew Rate
1.2 -- 2.5
0.7
5.0
a,c,d,f,g,h
Pulldown Slew Rate
1.2 -- 2.5
0.7
5.0
b,c,d,f,g,h
Table 17: Output Slew Rate Matching Ratio Characteristics
DDR266A
Slew Rate Characteristic
PARAMETER
Output Slew Rate Matching Ratio (Pullup to Pulldown)
DDR266B
DDR200
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
NOTES
--
--
--
--
0.71
1.4
e,m
UNITS
V/ns
NOTES
a, m
JESD79C
Page 54
Table 18: AC Overshoot/Undershoot Specification for Address and Control Pins
This specification is intended for devices with no clamp protection and is guaranteed by design
Specification
Parameter
DDR333
DDR200/266
Maximum peak amplitude allowed for overshoot (See Figure 35):
TBD
1.5 V
Maximum peak amplitude allowed for undershoot (See Figure 35):
TBD
1.5 V
The area between the overshoot signal and VDD must be less than or equal
to (See Figure 35):
TBD
4.5 V--ns
The area between the undershoot signal and GND must be less than or
equal to (See Figure 35):
TBD
4.5 V--ns
+5
+4
+3
Volts +2
(V) +1
0
-1
-2
-3
Max. amplitude = 1.5 V
Overshoot
VDD
Ground
Undershoot
Max. area = 4.5 V-ns
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Time (ns)
Figure 35: Address and Control AC Overshoot and Undershoot Definition
TABLE 19: Overshoot/Undershoot Specification for Data, Strobe, and Mask Pins
Specification
Parameter
DDR333
DDR200/266
Maximum peak amplitude allowed for overshoot (See Figure 36):
TBD
1.2 V
Maximum peak amplitude allowed for undershoot (See Figure 36):
TBD
1.2 V
The area between the overshoot signal and VDD must be less than or equal
to (See Figure 36):
TBD
2.4 V--ns
TBD
2.4 V--ns
The area between the undershoot signal and GND must be less than or
equal to (See Figure 36):
+5
+4
+3
Volts +2
(V) +1
0
-1
-2
-3
Max. amplitude = 1.2 V
Overshoot
VDD
Ground
Undershoot
Max. area = 2.4 V--ns
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Time (ns)
Figure 36: DQ/DM/DQS AC Overshoot and Undershoot Definition
June 2000
JESD79C
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TABLE 20. Clamp V--I Characteristics for Address, Control and Data Pins
Voltage
across
Minimum
Power Clamp
Minimum
clamp (V)
Current (mA)
Ground Clamp
Current (mA)
0.0
0
0
0.1
0
0
0.2
0
0
0.3
0
0
0.4
0
0
0.5
0
0
0.6
0
0
0.7
0
0.1
0.8
0.1
0.6
0.9
1.0
1.8
1.0
2.5
3.4
1.1
4.7
5.6
1.2
6.8
7.6
1.3
9.1
10.0
1.4
11.0
13.0
1.5
13.5
15.4
1.6
16.0
18.0
1.7
18.2
21.6
1.8
21.0
25.0
1.9
23.3
28.0
2.0
26.0
31.0
2.1
28.2
34.4
2.2
31.0
38.0
2.3
33.0
42.0
2.4
35.0
46.0
2.5
37.0
50.0
Power & Ground Clamp V--I Characteristics
JESD79C
Page 56
Test point
Output
System Notes:
a. Pullup slew rate is characterized under the
test conditions as shown in Figure 37.
50 Ω
VSSQ
Figure 37: Pullup slew rate test load
b. Pulldown slew rate is measured under the
test conditions shown in Figure 38.
VDDQ
50 Ω
Output
Test point
Figure 38: Pulldown slew rate test load
c. Pullup slew rate is measured between (VDDQ/2 -- 320 mV ¦ 250 mV)
Pulldown slew rate is measured between (VDDQ/2 + 320 mV ¦ 250 mV)
Pullup and Pulldown slew rate conditions are to be met for any pattern of data, including all outputs
switching and only one output switching.
Example: For typical slew rate, DQ0 is switching
For minimum slew rate, all DQ bits are switching worst case pattern
For maximum slew rate, only one DQ is switching from either high to low, or low to high.
The remaining DQ bits remain the same as for previous state.
d. Evaluation conditions
Typical:
25 o C (T Ambient), VDDQ = nominal, typical process
Minimum: 70 o C (T Ambient), VDDQ = minimum, slow--slow process
Maximum: 0 o C (T Ambient), VDDQ = maximum, fast--fast process
e. The ratio of pullup slew rate to pulldown slew rate is specified for the same temperature and voltage,
over the entire temperature and voltage range. For a given output, it represents the maximum difference between pullup and pulldown drivers due to process variation.
f. Verified under typical conditions for qualification purposes.
g. TSOPII package devices only.
h. Only intended for operation up to 266 Mbps per pin.
i. A derating factor will be used to increase tIS and tIH in the case where the input slew rate is below 0.5
V/ns as shown in Table 12. The Input slew rate is based on the lesser of the slew rates determined by
either VIH(AC) to VIL(AC) or VIH(DC) to VIL(DC), similarly for rising transitions.
j. A derating factor will be used to increase tDS and tDH in the case where DQ, DM, and DQS slew
rates differ, as shown in Tables 13 & 14. Input slew rate is based on the larger of AC--AC delta rise,
fall rate and DC--DC delta rise, fall rate. Input slew rate is based on the lesser of the slew rates determined by either VIH(AC) to VIL(AC) or VIH(DC) to VIL(DC), similarly for rising transitions.
The delta rise/fall rate is calculated as:
{1/(Slew Rate1)}--{1/(slew Rate2)}
For example: If Slew Rate 1 is 0.5 V/ns and Slew Rate 2 is 0.4 V/ns, then the delta rise,fall rate is
--0.5 ns/V. Using the table given, this would result in the need for an increase in tDS and tDH of 100
ps.
JESD79C
Page 57
k. Table 13 is used to increase tDS and tDH in the case where the I/O slew rate is below 0.5 V/ns. The
I/O slew rate is based on the lesser of the AC--AC slew rate and the DC--DC slew rate. The input slew
rate is based on the lesser of the slew rates determined by either VIH(ac) to VIL(AC) or VIH(DC) to
VIL(DC), and similarly for rising transitions.
m. DQS, DM, and DQ input slew rate is specified to prevent double clocking of data and preserve setup
and hold times. Signal transitions through the DC region must be monotonic.
JESD79C
Page 58
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
Pullup Current (mA)
--50
--100
--150
--200
Nominal Low
--250
Nominal High
Minimum
Maximum
VDDQ to VOUT (V)
Figure 39a: Pullup characteristics for Full Strength Output Driver
160
Nominal Low
Nominal High
Minimum
Maximum
Pulldown Current (mA)
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
VOUT to VSSQ (V)
Figure 39b: Pulldown characteristics for Full Strength Output Driver
FIGURE 39: FULL STRENGTH OUTPUT DRIVER CHARACTERISTIC
CURVES
JESD79C
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TABLE 21: Full Strength Driver Characteristics
Voltage (V)
Pull-- Down Current (mA)
Pull-- Up Current (mA)
Nominal
Low
Nominal
High
Minimum
Maximum
Nominal
Low
Nominal
High
Minimum
Maximum
0.1
6.0
6.8
4.6
9.6
--6.1
--7.6
--4.6
--10.0
0.2
12.2
13.5
9.2
18.2
--12.2
--14.5
--9.2
--20.0
0.3
18.1
20.1
13.8
26.0
--18.1
--21.2
--13.8
--29.8
0.4
24.1
26.6
18.4
33.9
--24.0
--27.7
--18.4
--38.8
0.5
29.8
33.0
23.0
41.8
--29.8
--34.1
--23.0
--46.8
0.6
34.6
39.1
27.7
49.4
--34.3
--40.5
--27.7
--54.4
0.7
39.4
44.2
32.2
56.8
--38.1
--46.9
--32.2
--61.8
0.8
43.7
49.8
36.8
63.2
--41.1
--53.1
--36.0
--69.5
0.9
47.5
55.2
39.6
69.9
--43.8
--59.4
--38.2
--77.3
1.0
51.3
60.3
42.6
76.3
--46.0
--65.5
--38.7
--85.2
1.1
54.1
65.2
44.8
82.5
--47.8
--71.6
--39.0
--93.0
1.2
56.2
69.9
46.2
88.3
--49.2
--77.6
--39.2
--100.6
1.3
57.9
74.2
47.1
93.8
--50.0
--83.6
--39.4
--108.1
1.4
59.3
78.4
47.4
99.1
--50.5
--89.7
--39.6
--115.5
1.5
60.1
82.3
47.7
103.8
--50.7
--95.5
--39.9
--123.0
1.6
60.5
85.9
48.0
108.4
--51.0
--101.3
--40.1
--130.4
1.7
61.0
89.1
48.4
112.1
--51.1
--107.1
--40.2
--136.7
1.8
61.5
92.2
48.9
115.9
--51.3
--112.4
--40.3
--144.2
1.9
62.0
95.3
49.1
119.6
--51.5
--118.7
--40.4
--150.5
2.0
62.5
97.2
49.4
123.3
--51.6
--124.0
--40.5
--156.9
2.1
62.9
99.1
49.6
126.5
--51.8
--129.3
--40.6
--163.2
2.2
63.3
100.9
49.8
129.5
--52.0
--134.6
--40.7
--169.6
2.3
63.8
101.9
49.9
132.4
--52.2
--139.9
--40.8
--176.0
2.4
64.1
102.8
50.0
135.0
--52.3
--145.2
--40.9
--181.3
2.5
64.6
103.8
50.2
137.3
--52.5
--150.5
--41.0
--187.6
2.6
64.8
104.6
50.4
139.2
--52.7
155.3
--41.1
--192.9
2.7
65.0
105.4
50.5
140.8
--52.8
160.1
--41.2
--198.2
JESD79C
Page 60
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
Pullup Current (mA)
--10
--20
--30
--40
--50
--60
--70
--80
--90
Nominal
Low
Minimum
Nominal High
Maximum
VDDQ to VOUT (V)
Figure 40a: Pullup Characteristics for Weak Output Driver
90
Pulldown Current (mA)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Nominal Low
0
0.5
1
1.5
Nominal High
Minimum
2
2.5
Maximum
VOUT to VSSQ (V)
Figure 40b: Pulldown Characteristics for Weak Output Driver
FIGURE 40: WEAK OUTPUT DRIVER CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
3
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TABLE 22: Weak Driver Characteristics
Pull-- Down Current (mA)
Pull-- Up Current (mA)
Voltage
V
lt
(V)
Nominal Low
Nominal High
Min
Max
Nominal
Low
Nominal
High
Min
Max
0.1
3.4
3.8
2.6
5
--3.5
--4.3
--2.6
--5
0.2
6.9
7.6
5.2
9.9
--6.9
--8.2
--5.2
--9.9
0.3
10.3
11.4
7.8
14.6
--10.3
--12
--7.8
--14.6
0.4
13.6
15.1
10.4
19.2
--13.6
--15.7
--10.4
--19.2
0.5
16.9
18.7
13
23.6
--16.9
--19.3
--13
--23.6
0.6
19.6
22.1
15.7
28
--19.4
--22.9
--15.7
--28
0.7
22.3
25
18.2
32.2
--21.5
--26.5
--18.2
--32.2
0.8
24.7
28.2
20.8
35.8
--23.3
--30.1
--20.4
--35.8
0.9
26.9
31.3
22.4
39.5
--24.8
--33.6
--21.6
--39.5
1
29
34.1
24.1
43.2
--26
--37.1
--21.9
--43.2
1.1
30.6
36.9
25.4
46.7
--27.1
--40.3
--22.1
--46.7
1.2
31.8
39.5
26.2
50
--27.8
--43.1
--22.2
--50.0
1.3
32.8
42
26.6
53.1
--28.3
--45.8
--22.3
--53.1
1.4
33.5
44.4
26.8
56.1
--28.6
--48.4
--22.4
--56.1
1.5
34
46.6
27
58.7
--28.7
--50.7
--22.6
--58.7
1.6
34.3
48.6
27.2
61.4
--28.9
--52.9
--22.7
--61.4
1.7
34.5
50.5
27.4
63.5
--28.9
--55
--22.7
--63.5
1.8
34.8
52.2
27.7
65.6
--29
--56.8
--22.8
--65.6
1.9
35.1
53.9
27.8
67.7
--29.2
--58.7
--22.9
--67.7
2
35.4
55
28
69.8
--29.2
--60
--22.9
--69.8
2.1
35.6
56.1
28.1
71.6
--29.3
--61.2
--23
--71.6
2.2
35.8
57.1
28.2
73.3
--29.5
--62.4
--23
--73.3
2.3
36.1
57.7
28.3
74.9
--29.5
--63.1
--23.1
--74.9
2.4
36.3
58.2
28.3
76.4
--29.6
--63.8
--23.2
--76.4
2.5
36.5
58.7
28.4
77.7
--29.7
--64.4
--23.2
--77.7
2.6
36.7
59.2
28.5
78.8
--29.8
--65.1
--23.3
--78.8
2.7
36.8
59.6
28.6
79.7
--29.9
--65.8
--23.3
--79.7
JESD79C
Page 62
DDR SDRAM Output Driver V--I Characteristics
DDR SDRAM output driver characteristics are defined for full and half strength operation as selected by
the EMRS bit A1. Figures 39 and 40 show the driver characteristics graphically, and tables 21 and 22
show the same data in tabular format suitable for input into simulation tools. The driver characteristics
evaluation conditions are:
Typical
25 oC (T ambient), VDDQ = nominal, typical process
Minimum 70 oC (T ambient), VDDQ = minimum, slow--slow process
VDDQ = maximum, fast--fast process
Maximum 0 oC (T ambient),
Output Driver Characteristic Curves Notes:
1) The full variation in driver current from minimum to maximum process, temperature, and voltage will
lie within the outer bounding lines of the V--I curve of Figures 39 and 40.
2) It is recommended that the ”typical” IBIS V--I curve lie within the inner bounding lines of the V--I curves
of Figures 39 and 40.
3) The full variation in the ratio of the “typical” IBIS pullup to “typical” IBIS pulldown current should be
unity  10%, for device drain to source voltages from 0.1 to 1.0. This specification is a design objective only. It is not guaranteed.
JESD79C
Page 63
tDQSH tDQSL
DQS
tDS
DI
n
DQ
tDH
tDS
DM
tDH
DON’T
CARE
DI n = Data In for column n
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
3 subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed
order following DI n
Figure 41 -- DATA INPUT (WRITE) TIMING
tCH
tCL
tDQSQ
max
Burst of 4 is shown.
tDQSQ
max
tQH
tQH
Figure 42 -- DATA OUTPUT (READ) TIMING
JESD79C
Page 64
VDD
VDDQ
tVDT≧0
VTT
(system*)
VREF
tCK
tCH
CK
CK
CKE
tCL
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
tIS tIH
LVCMOS LOW LEVEL ( (
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
tIS tIH
COMMAND
DM
((
))
((
))
((
))
NOP
PRE
EMRS
((
))
MRS
((
))
((
))
PRE
((
))
((
))
((
))
AR
((
))
((
))
AR
MRS
ACT
CODE
RA
CODE
RA
BA0=L,
BA1=L
BA
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
tIS tIH
A0--A9,
A11--A13
((
))
((
))
CODE
((
))
CODE
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
tIS tIH
A10
CODE
((
))
tIS tIH
BA0, BA1
((
))
ALL BANKS
((
))
((
))
ALL BANKS
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
tIS tIH
tIS tIH
BA0=H,
BA1=L
((
))
((
))
CODE
((
))
((
))
BA0=L,
BA1=L
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
DQS
((
))
High--Z
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
DQ
((
))
High--Z
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
** tMRD
** tMRD
tRP
T = 200 µs
Power--up:
VDD and
CLK stable
Extended
Mode
Register
Set
tRFC
tRFC
** tMRD
200 cycles of CK**
Load
Mode
Register,
Reset DLL
(with A8 = H)
Load
Mode
Register
(with A8 = L)
DON’T CARE
* = VTT is not applied directly to the device, however tVTD must be greater than or equal to zero to avoid device. latch--up.
** = tMRD is required before any command can be applied, and 200 cycles of CK are required before any executable command can be applied
The two Auto Refresh commands may be moved to follow the first MRS but precede the second PRECHARGE ALL command.
Figure 43 -- INITIALIZE AND MODE REGISTER SETS
JESD79C
Page 65
tCK
tCH
((
))
CK
CK
tIS tIH
tIS
CKE
tIS
COMMAND
VALID*
((
))
tIS
((
))
tIH
NOP
tIS tIH
ADDR
tCL
((
))
((
))
NOP
((
))
VALID
VALID
VALID
((
))
((
))
DQS
((
))
((
))
DQ
((
))
((
))
DM
((
))
Enter
Exit
Power--Down
Power--Down
Mode
Mode
DON’T CARE
No column accesses are allowed to be in progress at the time Power--Down is entered
* = If this command is a PRECHARGE ALL (or if the device is already in the idle state) then the Power--Down
mode shown is Precharge Power Down. If this command is an ACTIVE (or if at least one row is already active)
then the Power--Down mode shown is Active Power Down.
Figure 44 -- POWER--DOWN MODE
JESD79C
Page 66
tCK
CK
CK
tCH
tCL
tIS tIH
CKE
VALID
tIS tIH
COMMAND
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
NOP
PRE
NOP
NOP
A0--A8
A9,
A11--A13
ALL BANKS
A10
ONE BANK
tIS
BA0, BA1
((
))
((
))
AR
((
))
VALID
((
))
NOP
AR
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
NOP
NOP
ACT
RA
RA
RA
tIH
*Bank(s)
DQS
DQ
DM
tRP
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
tRFC
BA
tRFC
DON’T CARE
* = ”Don’t Care”, if A10 is HIGH at this point; A10 must be HIGH if more than one bank is active (i.e., must precharge all active banks)
PRE = PRECHARGE, ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address, BA = Bank Address, AR = AUTOREFRESH
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other valid commands may be possible after tRFC.
DM, DQ and DQS signals are all ”Don’t Care”/High--Z for operations shown
Figure 45 -- AUTO REFRESH MODE
JESD79C
Page 67
tCK
tCH
clock must be stable before
exiting Self Refresh mode
tCL
CK
CK
tIS tIH
tIS
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
tIS
((
))
CKE
tIS
COMMAND
((
))
tIH
NOP
AR
ADDR
DQS
DQ
DM
tRP*
Enter
Self Refresh
Mode
((
))
((
))
((
))
NOP
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
((
))
VALID
tIS
tIH
VALID
tXSNR/
tXSRD**
Exit
Self Refresh
Mode
DON’T CARE
* = Device must be in the ”All banks idle” state prior to entering Self Refresh mode
** = tXSNR is required before any non--READ command can be applied, and tXSRD
(200 cycles of CK) is required before a READ command can be applied.
Figure 46 -- SELF REFRESH MODE
JESD79C
Page 68
tCK
CK
CK
tIS
tIH
tIS
tIH
tCH
t CL
tIH
CKE
COMMAND
NOP
READ
tIS
A0--An
(Table 1)
A0--An
(Table 1)
NOP
PRE
NOP
NOP
ACT
VALID
VALID
VALID
NOP
NOP
NOP
tIH
Col n
RA
RA
tIS
tIH
ALL BANKS
A10
RA
DIS AP
tIS
BA0, BA1
ONE BANK
t IH
Bank X
*Bank X
Bank X
tRP
CL = 2
DM
Case 1:
tAC/tDQSCK = min
t DQSCK
min
tRPST
tRPRE
DQS
tLZ
min
DQ
DO
n
tLZ
tAC
min
min
Case 2:
tAC/tDQSCK = max
t DQSCK
max
tRPRE
tRPST
DQS
DQ
tLZ
max
tHZ
max
DO
n
t LZ
max
t AC
max
DON’T CARE
DO n = Data Out from column n
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
3 subsequent elements of Data Out are provided in the programmed order following DO n
DIS AP = Disable Autoprecharge
* = ”Don’t Care”, if A10 is HIGH at this point
PRE = PRECHARGE, ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address, BA = Bank Address
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other commands may be valid at these times
Precharge may not be issued before tRAS ns after the ACTIVE command for applicable banks.
Figure 47 -- READ -- WITHOUT AUTO PRECHARGE
JESD79C
Page 69
tCL
tCK
tCH
CK
CK
tRP
tIH
tIS
tIH
CKE
VALID
VALID
VALID
NOP
NOP
NOP
tIH
tIS
Command
NOP
Read
NOP
PRE
NOP
NOP
ACT
tIH
A0 -- A9
(A11--A13)
tIS
COL n
RA
tIH
tIS
ALL BANKS
RA
A10
DIS AP
ONE BANK
tIH
tIS
BA0, BA1
BA x*
BA x
BA x
DM
tLZ (min)
tRPRE
DQS
tAC (min)
tRPST
tDQSCK
DQ
DO n
CL=1.5
DO n = Data Out from column n
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
3 subsequent elements of Data Out are provided in the programmed order following DO n
DIS AP = Disable Autoprecharge
* = ”Don’t Care”, if A10 is HIGH at this point
PRE = PRECHARGE, ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address, BA = Bank Address
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other commands may be valid at these times
Precharge may not be issued before tRAS ns after the ACTIVE command for applicable banks.
Figure 48 -- READ WITHOUT AUTOPRECHARGE (CL=1.5, BL=4)
DIS AP = Disable Auto Precharge.
tRPRES
JESD79C
Page 70
tCK
CK
CK
tIS
tIH
tIS
tIH
tCH
t CL
tIH
CKE
COMMAND
NOP
READ
tIS
A0--An
(Table 1)
A0--An
(Table 1)
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
ACT
VALID
VALID
VALID
NOP
NOP
NOP
tIH
Col n
RA
RA
EN AP
A10
RA
t IS
BA0, BA1
tIH
Bank X
Bank X
tRP
CL = 2
DM
Case 1:
tAC/tDQSCK = min
t DQSCK
min
tRPST
tRPRE
DQS
DQ
tLZ
min
DO
n
tAC
min
tLZ
min
Case 2:
tAC/tDQSCK = max
t DQSCK
max
tRPRE
t RPST
DQS
DQ
tLZ
max
tHZ
max
DO
n
t LZ
max
t AC
max
DO n= Data Out from column n
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
3 subsequent elements of Data Out are provided in the programmed order following DO n
EN AP = Enable Autoprecharge
ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other commands may be valid at these times
The READ command may not be issued until tRAP has been satisfied. If Fast Autoprecharge is supported,
tRAP = tRCD, else the READ may not be issued prior to tRASmin -- (BL*tCK/2).
Figure 49 -- READ -- WITH AUTO PRECHARGE
DON’T CARE
JESD79C
Page 71
tCK
CK
CK
tCH
tCL
tIS tIH
CKE
tIS
COMMAND
tIH
NOP
ACT
NOP
NOP
NOP
READ
NOP
PRE
NOP
ACT
NOP
tIS tIH
A0--An
(Table 1)
A0--An
(Table 1)
A10
RA
RA
RA
RA
tIS tIH
ALL BANKS
RA
RA
tIS
BA0, BA1
Col n
DIS AP
ONE BANK
Bank X
*Bank X
tIH
Bank X
Bank X
tRC
tRAS
CL = 2
tRCD
tRP
DM
Case 1:
/tDQSCK = min
t DQSCK
min
tRPST
tRPRE
DQS
DQ
tLZ
min
DO
n
tAC
min
tLZ
min
Case 2:
tAC/tDQSCK = max
t DQSCK
max
tRPRE
tRPST
DQS
DQ
tLZ
max
tHZ
max
DO
n
tLZ
max
t AC
max
DON’T CARE
DO n= Data Out from column n
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
3 subsequent elements of Data Out are provided in the programmed order following DO n
DIS AP = Disable Autoprecharge
* = ”Don’t Care”, if A10 is HIGH at this point
PRE = PRECHARGE, ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address, BA = Bank Address
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other commands may be valid at these times
Note that tRCD > tRCD MIN so that the same timing applies if Autoprecharge is enabled (in which case tRAS would be limiting)
Figure 50 -- BANK READ ACCESS
JESD79C
Page 72
tCK
/CK
CK
t IS
tIH
tIS
tIH
tCH
tCL
tIH
CKE
COMMAND
VALID
NOP
WRITE
tIS
A0--An
(Table 1)
A0--An
(Table 1)
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
PRE
NOP
NOP
ACT
tIH
Col n
RA
RA
tIH
tIS
ALL BANKS
A10
RA
DIS AP
tIS
BA0, BA1
ONE BANK
tIH
Bank X
*Bank X
BA
tRP
tDSH
tDSH
Case 1:
tDQSS = min
tDQSS
tWR
tDQSH
tWPST
DQS
tWPRES
tDQSL
tWPRE
DI
n
DQ
DM
tDSS
Case 2:
tDQSS = max
tDQSS
tDQSH
tDSS
tWPST
DQS
tWPRES
tDQSL
tWPRE
DQ
DI
n
DM
DON’T CARE
DI n = Data In for column n
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
3 subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI n
DIS AP = Disable Autoprecharge
* = ”Don’t Care”, if A10 is HIGH at this point
PRE = PRECHARGE, ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address, BA = Bank Address
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other valid commands may be possible at these times
Although tDQSS is drawn only for the first DQS rising edge, each rising edge of DQS must fall within the
¦ 25% window of the corresponding positive clock edge.
Precharge may not be issued before tRAS ns after the ACTIVE command for applicable banks.
Figure 51 -- WRITE -- WITHOUT AUTO PRECHARGE
JESD79C
Page 73
tCK
CK
CK
tCH
tCL
tIS tIH
CKE
VALID
VALID
VALID
NOP
NOP
NOP
tIS tIH
COMMAND
NOP
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
ACT
tIS tIH
A0--An
(Table 1)
A0--An
(Table 1)
Col n
RA
RA
EN AP
A10
RA
tIS tIH
BA0, BA1
Bank X
BA
tDAL
tDSH
tDSH
Case 1:
tDQSS = min
tDQSS
tDQSH
tWPST
DQS
tWPRES
tDQSL
tWPRE
DI
n
DQ
DM
tDSS
Case 2:
tDQSS = max
tDQSS
tDQSH
tDSS
tWPST
DQS
tWPRES
tDQSL
tWPRE
DQ
DI
n
DM
DI n = Data In for column n
DON’T CARE
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
3 subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI n
EN AP = Enable Autoprecharge
ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address, BA = Bank Address
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other valid commands may be possible at these times
Although tDQSS is drawn only for the first DQS rising edge, each rising edge of DQS must fall within the
¦ 25% window of the corresponding positive clock edge.
Figure 52 -- WRITE -- WITH AUTO PRECHARGE
JESD79C
Page 74
tCK
CK
CK
tCH
tCL
tIS tIH
CKE
tIS
COMMAND
tIH
NOP
ACT
tIS
A0--An
(Table 1)
A0--An
(Table 1)
NOP
NOP
WRITE
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
PRE
tIH
RA
Coln
RA
tIS
tIH
ALL BANKS
A10
RA
DIS AP
tIS
BA0, BA1
ONE BANK
tIH
BankX
*BankX
BankX
tRAS
tRCD
tWR
tDSH
tDSH
Case 1:
tDQSS = min
tDQSS
tDQSH
tWPST
DQS
tWPRES
tDQSL
tWPRE
DI
n
DQ
DM
tDSS
Case 2:
tDQSS = max
tDQSS
tDQSH
tDSS
tWPST
DQS
tWPRES
tDQSL
tWPRE
DQ
DI
n
DM
DI n = Data In for column n
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
DON’T CARE
3 subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI n
DIS AP = Disable Autoprecharge
* = ”Don’t Care”, if A10 is HIGH at this point
PRE = PRECHARGE, ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other valid commands may be possible at these times
Although tDQSS is drawn only for the first DQS rising edge, each rising edge of DQS must fall within the
¦ 25% window of the corresponding positive clock edge.
Precharge may not be issued before tRAS ns after the ACTIVE command for applicable banks.
Figure 53 -- BANK WRITE ACCESS
JESD79C
Page 75
t CK
/CK
CK
t IS
t IH
t IS
t IH
t CH
t CL
CKE
COMMAND
VALID
NOP
WRITE
t IS
A0--An
(Table 1)
A0--An
(Table 1)
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
PRE
NOP
NOP
ACT
t IH
Col n
RA
RA
t IS
t IH
ALL BANKS
A10
RA
DIS AP
t IS
BA0, BA1
ONE BANK
t IH
Bank X
*Bank X
t WR
t DQSH
t DQSS
t RP
t DSH
t DSH
Case 1:
tDQSS = min
BA
t WPST
DQS
t WPRES
t DQSL
t WPRE
DI
n
DQ
DM
t DSS
Case 2:
tDQSS = max
t DQSH
t DQSS
t DSS
t WPST
DQS
t WPRES
t DQSL
t WPRE
DQ
DI
n
DM
DON’T CARE
DI n= Data In for column n
Burst Length = 4 in the case shown
3 subsequent elements of Data In are applied in the programmed order following DI n (the second element of the four is masked)
DIS AP = Disable Autoprecharge
* = ”Don’t Care”, if A10 is HIGH at this point
PRE = PRECHARGE, ACT = ACTIVE, RA = Row Address, BA = Bank Address
NOP commands are shown for ease of illustration; other valid commands may be possible at these times
Although tDQSS is drawn only for the first DQS rising edge, each rising edge of DQS must fall within the
¦ 25% window of the corresponding positive clock edge.
Precharge may not be issued before tRAS ns after the ACTIVE command for applicable banks.
Figure 54 -- WRITE -- DM OPERATION
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