Switching Thyristors Qxx15xx/Qxx16xHx Series Datasheet

Switching Thyristors Qxx15xx/Qxx16xHx Series Datasheet
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Qxx15xx & Qxx16xHx Series
RoHS ®
Description
15 Amp and 16 Amp bi-directional solid state switch series
is designed for AC switching and phase control applications
such as motor speed and temperature modulation controls,
lighting controls, and static switching relays.
Standard type devices normally operate in Quadrants I & III
triggered from AC line.
Alternistor type devices only operate in quadrants I, II, & III
and are used in circuits requiring high dv/dt capability.
Features & Benefits
• RoHS Compliant
• Glass – passivated
junctions
Agency Approval
Agency
• Voltage capability up to
1000 V
Agency File Number
L Package : E71639
®
• Surge capability up to
200 A
Main Features
Symbol
Unit
15 & 16
A
400 to 1000
V
10 to 80
mA
IT(RMS)
VDRM /VRRM
Value
IGT (Q1)
• Electrically isolated
“L-Package” is UL
recognized for 2500Vrms
• Solid-state switching
eliminates arcing or
contact bounce that
create voltage transients
• No contacts to wear
out from reaction of
switching events
• Restricted (or limited) RFI
generation, depending
on activation point in sine
wave
• Requires only a small
gate activation pulse in
each half-cycle
Applications
Excellent for AC switching and phase control applications
such as heating, lighting, and motor speed controls.
Schematic Symbol
MT2
MT1
Alternistor Triacs (no snubber required) are used in
applications with extremely inductive loads requiring
highest commutation performance.
G
Internally constructed isolated packages are offered for
ease of heat sinking with highest isolation voltage.
Additional Information
Datasheet
Resources
Typical applications are AC solid-state switches, light
dimmers, power tools, lawn care equipment, home/brown
goods and white goods appliances.
Samples
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Absolute Maximum Ratings — Standard Triac
Symbol
Parameter
IT(RMS)
ITSM
RMS on-state current (full sine wave)
Non repetitive surge peak on-state current
(full cycle, TJ initial = 25°C)
I2t
Qxx15Ry
Qxx15Ny
f = 50 Hz
Critical rate of rise of on-state current
IGTM
Peak gate trigger current
PG(AV)
Average gate power dissipation
Unit
15
A
TC = 90°C
f = 60 Hz
I2t Value for fusing
di/dt
Value
TC = 80°C
Qxx15Ly
f = 120 Hz
tp ≤ 10 μs
IGT ≤ IGTM
t = 20 ms
167
t = 16.7 ms
200
tp = 8.3 ms
166
A2s
TJ = 125°C
100
A/μs
TJ = 125°C
2.0
A
A
0.5
W
Tstg
Storage temperature range
-40 to 150
ºC
TJ
Operating junction temperature range
-40 to 125
ºC
Value
Unit
16
A
TJ = 125°C
Note: xx = voltage, y = sensitivity
Absolute Maximum Ratings — Alternistor Triac (3 Quadrants)
Symbol
Parameter
Qxx16LHy
RMS on-state current (full sine wave)
TC = 80°C
Qxx16RHy
Qxx16NHy
TC = 90°C
ITSM
Non repetitive surge peak on-state current
(full cycle, TJ initial = 25°C)
f = 50 Hz
t = 20 ms
167
f = 60 Hz
t = 16.7 ms
200
I2t
I2t Value for fusing
tp = 8.3 ms
166
A2s
IT(RMS)
A
di/dt
Critical rate of rise of on-state current
f = 120 Hz
TJ = 125°C
100
A/μs
IGTM
Peak gate trigger current
tp ≤ 10 μs;
IGT ≤ IGTM
TJ = 125°C
2.0
A
PG(AV)
Average gate power dissipation
TJ = 125°C
0.5
W
Tstg
Storage temperature range
-40 to 150
ºC
TJ
Operating junction temperature range
-40 to 125
ºC
Note: xx = voltage, y = sensitivity
Electrical Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified) — Standard Triac
Symbol
IGT
VGT
VGD
Test Conditions
VD = 12V RL = 60 Ω
VD = VDRM RL = 3.3 kΩ TJ = 125°C
IH
Value
Unit
I – II – III
Quadrant
MAX.
50
mA
I – II – III
MAX.
2.0
V
MIN.
0.2
V
MAX.
70
mA
I – II – III
IT = 100mA
400V
dv/dt
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 125°C
800V
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 100°C
(dv/dt)c
tgt
600V
275
MIN.
1000V
225
200
V/μs
200
(di/dt)c = 8.1 A/ms TJ = 125°C
MIN.
4
V/μs
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15μs IT = 22.6 A(pk)
TYP.
4
μs
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Electrical Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified) — Alternistor Triac (3 Quadrants)
Symbol
Test Conditions
IGT
Quadrant
VD = 12V RL = 60 Ω
VGT
VGD
VD = VDRM RL = 3.3 kΩ TJ = 125°C
IH
IT = 100mA
dv/dt
I – II – III
MAX.
I – II – III
MAX.
I – II – III
Qxx16xH2
Qxx16xH3
Qxx16xH4
Qxx16xH6
Unit
10
20
35
80
mA
1.3
MIN.
0.2
MAX.
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 125°C
400V
600V
800V
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 100°C
1000V
MIN.
V
V
15
35
50
70
200
150
100
350
250
200
475
400
350
925
850
475
100
200
300
350
mA
V/μs
(dv/dt)c
(di/dt)c = 8.6 A/ms TJ = 125°C
MIN.
2
20
25
30
V/μs
tgt
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15μs IT = 22.6 A(pk)
TYP.
3
3
3
5
μs
Static Characteristics
Symbol
Test Conditions
15A Device IT = 21.2A tp = 380μs
16A Device IT = 22.6A tp = 380μs
VTM
IDRM
IRRM
MAX
VD = VDRM / VRRM
TJ = 25°C
400-1000V
TJ = 125°C
400-800V
TJ = 100°C
1000V
Value
Unit
1.60
V
5
μA
2
MAX
mA
3
Thermal Resistances
Symbol
Parameter
Junction to case (AC)
Rθ(J-C)
Junction to ambient
Rθ(J-A)
Value
Qxx15Ry
Qxx15Ny
Qxx16RHy
Qxx16NHy
Qxx15Ly
Qxx16LHy
Qxx15Ry
Qxx16RHy
Qxx15Ly
Qxx16LHy
Unit
1.7
°C/W
2.1
45
°C/W
50
Note: xx = voltage; y = sensitivity
Figure 2: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Current for All
Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 1: Definition of Quadrants
ALL POLARITIES ARE REFERENCED TO MT1
(-)
+
IGT
GATE
(+)
IGT
(-)
MT1
IGT
GATE
(+)
MT1
REF
REF
QII QI
QIII QIV
MT2
MT2
IGT
GATE
MT1
REF
4.0
-
MT2
+
IGT
Ratio of IGT / IGT(TJ = 25ºC)
MT2
MT2 POSITIVE
(Positive Half Cycle)
3.0
2.0
1.0
IGT
GATE
MT2 NEGATIVE
(Negative Half Cycle)
MT1
REF
0.0
-65
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
100 +125
Junction Temperature (TJ) - ºC
Note: Alternistors will not operate in QIV
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Figure 3: Normalized DC Holding Current
vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 4: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Voltage for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
2.0
Ratio of VGT / VGT(TJ = 25ºC)
Ratio of IIH / IIH(TJ = 25ºC)
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
-65
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
100
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
-65
+125
-40
-15
Junction Temperature (TJ) - ºC
Figure 5: Power Dissipation (Typical)
vs. RMS On-State Current
60
85
100
+125
130
Max Allowable Case Temperature (TC) - ºC
Average On-State Power Dissipation
[PD(AV)] - Watts
35
Figure 6: Maximum
Allowable Case Temperature
vs. On-State Current (15A devices)
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
10
Junction Temperature (TJ) - ºC
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
120
110
Qxx15R5
Qxx15N5
100
90
Qxx15L5
80
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
o
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360
CASE TEMPERATURE: Measured as shown
on dimensional drawing
70
60
18
0
5
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
10
15
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
Figure 7: Maximum Allowable Case Temperature
vs. On-State Current (16A devices)
Figure 8: Maximum Allowable Ambient Temperature
vs. On-State Current
120
Max Allowable Ambiant Temperature
(TA) - ºC
130
Max Allowable Case Temperature
(TC) - ºC
110
120
110
100
Qxx16LHy
90
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360
CASE TEMPERATURE: Measured as shown
on dimensional drawing
80
70
60
0
5
10
15
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Qxx15Ry
Qxx15L
Qxx16RHy
Qxx16LHy
100
Qxx16RHy
Qxx16NHy
20
90
80
70
60
50
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360
CASE TEMPERATURE: Measured as shown
on dimensional drawing
40
30
20
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
1.8
2.0
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Figure 9: On-State Current vs. On-State Voltage (Typical)
Positive or Negative Instantaneous
On-State Current(iT) - AMPS
70
TJ = 25ºC
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
Positive or Negative Instantaneous On-State Voltage (vT) - Volts
Figure 10: Surge Peak On-State Current vs. Number of Cycles
Peak Surge (Non-Repetitive) On-State
Current (ITSM) - AMPS
1000
Supply Frequency: 60Hz Sinusoidal
Load: Resistive
RMS On-State [IT(RMS)]: Max Rated Value at
Specific Case Temperature
Notes:
1. G
ate control may be lost during and immediately
following surge current interval.
2. Overload may not be repeated until junction
temperature has returned to steady-state
rated value.
100
10
1
10
100
1000
Surge Current Duration - Full Cycles
Soldering Parameters
Pre Heat
Pb – Free assembly
- Temperature Min (Ts(min))
150°C
- Temperature Max (Ts(max))
200°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 180 secs
Average ramp up rate (Liquidus Temp)
(TL) to peak
5°C/second max
TS(max) to TL - Ramp-up Rate
5°C/second max
Reflow
- Temperature (TL) (Liquidus)
217°C
- Temperature (tL)
60 – 150 seconds
Peak Temperature (TP)
260+0/-5 °C
Time within 5°C of actual peak
Temperature (tp)
20 – 40 seconds
Ramp-down Rate
5°C/second max
Time 25°C to peak Temperature (TP)
8 minutes Max.
Do not exceed
280°C
tP
TP
Temperature
Reflow Condition
Ramp-up
TL
tL
TS(max)
Preheat
TS(min)
25
Ramp-do
Ramp-down
tS
time to peak temperature
Time
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Physical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Test
Terminal Finish
100% Matte Tin-plated
Body Material
UL recognized epoxy meeting flammability
classification 94V-0
Terminal Material
Copper Alloy
Specifications and Conditions
AC Blocking
Temperature Cycling
Temperature/
Humidity
Design Considerations
High Temp Storage
Careful selection of the correct device for the application’s
operating parameters and environment will go a long way
toward extending the operating life of the Thyristor. Good
design practice should limit the maximum continuous
current through the main terminals to 75% of the device
rating. Other ways to ensure long life for a power discrete
semiconductor are proper heat sinking and selection of
voltage ratings for worst case conditions. Overheating,
overvoltage (including dv/dt), and surge currents are
the main killers of semiconductors. Correct mounting,
soldering, and forming of the leads also help protect
against component damage.
Low-Temp Storage
MIL-STD-750, M-1040, Cond A Applied
Peak AC voltage @ 125°C for 1008 hours
MIL-STD-750, M-1051,
100 cycles; -40°C to +150°C; 15-min
dwell time
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A101
1008 hours; 320V - DC: 85°C; 85%
rel humidity
MIL-STD-750, M-1031,
1008 hours; 150°C
1008 hours; -40°C
MIL-STD-750, M-1056
10 cycles; 0°C to 100°C; 5-min dwell
time at each temperature; 10 sec (max)
transfer time between temperature
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A102
168 hours (121°C at 2 ATMs) and
100% R/H
Thermal Shock
Autoclave
Resistance to
Solder Heat
MIL-STD-750 Method 2031
Solderability
ANSI/J-STD-002, category 3, Test A
Lead Bend
MIL-STD-750, M-2036 Cond E
Dimensions — TO-220AB (R-Package) — Non-Isolated Mounting Tab Common with Center Lead
AREA (REF.) 0.17 IN2
TC MEASURING POINT
O
A
E
B
C
13.36
.526
D
7.01
.276
NOTCH IN
GATE LEAD
TO ID.
NON-ISOLATED
TAB
R
G
L
H
N
K
J
M
MT1 MT2 GATE
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
Inches
Millimeters
Min
Max
A
0.380
B
0.105
8.13
.320
P
MT2
F
Dimension
Min
Max
0.420
9.65
10.67
0.115
2.66
2.92
C
0.230
0.250
5.84
6.35
D
0.590
0.620
14.99
15.75
E
0.142
0.147
3.61
3.73
F
0.110
0.130
2.79
3.30
G
0.540
0.575
13.72
14.61
H
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
J
0.195
0.205
4.95
5.21
K
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
L
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
M
0.085
0.095
2.16
2.41
N
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
O
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
P
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
R
0.038
0.048
0.97
1.22
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Dimensions — TO-220AB (L-Package) — Isolated Mounting Tab
TC MEASURING POINT
O
A
E
Dimension
8.13
.320
P
B
C
13.36
.526
D
7.01
.276
F
R
G
L
H
K
N
J
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
M
MT1 MT2 GATE
Inches
AREA (REF.) 0.17 IN2
Millimeters
Min
Max
Min
Max
A
0.380
B
0.105
0.420
9.65
10.67
0.115
2.67
2.92
C
0.230
0.250
5.84
6.35
D
0.590
0.620
14.99
15.75
E
0.142
0.147
3.61
3.73
F
0.110
0.130
2.79
3.30
G
0.540
0.575
13.72
14.60
H
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
J
0.195
0.205
4.95
5.21
K
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
L
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
M
0.085
0.095
2.16
2.41
N
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
O
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
P
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
R
0.038
0.048
0.97
1.22
Dimensions — TO-263AB (N-Package) — D2Pak Surface Mount
TC MEASURING POINT
C
V
B
AREA: 0.11 IN2
7.01
.276
A
S
W
U
G
H
D
F
1168
.460
2.16
.085
7.01
.276
7.01
.276
16.89
.665
8.89
.350
1.40
.055
3.81
.150
2.03
.080
J
K
GATE
MT1
Dimension
E
MT2
8.13
.320
8.41
.331
Inches
Millimeters
Min
Max
Min
Max
A
0.360
0.370
9.14
9.40
B
0.380
0.420
9.65
10.67
C
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
D
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
E
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
F
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
G
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
H
0.092
0.102
2.34
2.59
J
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
K
0.090
0.110
2.29
2.79
S
0.590
0.625
14.99
15.88
V
0.035
0.045
0.89
1.14
U
0.002
0.010
0.05
0.25
W
0.040
0.070
1.02
1.78
6.60
.260
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Product Selector
Part Number
Voltage
400V
600V
800V
Gate Sensitivity Quadrants
1000V
I – II – III
Type
Package
Qxx15L5
X
X
X
X
50 mA
Standard Triac
TO-220L
Qxx15R5
X
X
X
X
50 mA
Standard Triac
TO-220R
Qxx15N5
X
X
X
X
50 mA
Standard Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
Qxx16LH2
X
X
X
X
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220L
Qxx16RH2
X
X
X
X
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220R
Qxx16NH2
X
X
X
X
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
Qxx16LH3
X
X
X
X
20 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220L
Qxx16RH3
X
X
X
X
20 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220R
Qxx16NH3
X
X
X
X
20 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
Qxx16LH4
X
X
X
X
35 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220L
Qxx16RH4
X
X
X
X
35 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220R
Qxx16NH4
X
X
X
X
35 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
Qxx16LH6
X
X
X
X
80 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220L
Qxx16RH6
X
X
X
X
80 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220R
Qxx16NH6
X
X
X
X
80 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
Packing Options
Part Number
Qxx15L/Ry
Qxx15L/RyTP
Qxx15NyTP
Qxx15NyRP
Qxx16L/RHy
Qxx16L/RHyTP
Qxx16NHyTP
Qxx16NHyRP
Marking
Weight
Packing Mode
Base Quantity
Qxx15L/Ry
Qxx15L/Ry
Qxx15Ny
Qxx15Ny
Qxx16L/RHy
Qxx16L/RHy
Qxx16NHy
Qxx16NHy
2.2 g
2.2 g
1.6 g
1.6 g
2.2 g
2.2 g
1.6 g
1.6 g
Bulk
Tube Pack
Tube
Embossed Carrier
Bulk
Tube Pack
Tube
Embossed Carrier
500
500 (50 per tube)
500 (50 per tube)
500
500
500 (50 per tube)
500 (50 per tube)
500
Note: xx = Voltage; y = Sensitivity
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
15 Amp Standard & 16 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
TO-263 Embossed Carrier Reel Pack (RP)
Meets all EIA-481-2 Standards
0.63
(16.0)
0.157
(4.0)
0.059
DIA
(1.5)
0.945
(24.0)
0.827
(21.0)
Gate
MT1
*
* Cover tape
MT2
0.512 (13.0) Arbor
Hole Dia.
12.99
(330.0)
Dimensions
are in inches
(and millimeters).
1.01
(25.7)
Direction of Feed
Part Numbering System
Part Marking System
Q 60 16 L H4 56
DEVICE TYPE
Q: Triac or Alternistor
VOLTAGE RATING
40: 400V
60: 600V
80: 800V
K0: 1000V
CURRENT RATING
15: 15A
16: 16A
LEAD FORM DIMENSIONS
xx: Lead Form Option
SENSITIVITY & TYPE
Standard Triac
5: 50mA (QI, II, III)
Alternistor Triac
H2: 10mA (QI, II, III)
H3: 20mA (QI, II, III)
H4: 35mA (QI, II, III)
H6: 80mA (QI, II, III)
PACKAGE TYPE
L: TO-220 Isolated
R: TO-220 Non-Isolated
N: TO-263 (D 2 -Pak)
TO-220 AB - (L and R Package)
TO-263 AB - (N Package)
Q6016RH4
YM
®
Date Code Marking
Y:Year Code
M: Month Code
XXX: Lot Trace Code
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
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