Scarica il datasheet : Keithley_2400_brochure

Scarica il datasheet : Keithley_2400_brochure
www.keithley.com
Series 2400
SourceMeter Family
A
G R E A T E R
M E A S U R E
®
®
O F
C O N F I D E N C E
series 2400
Streamline your production
with precision voltage and current sourcing
S I M P L E
•
P O W E R F U L
•
U N L I M I T E D
A unique family of instruments to solve a wide range of challenging applications
and highly accurate measurement capabilities
Today, there’s no reason to buy separate instruments for sourcing and measurement. Every
instrument in Keithley’s Series 2400 SourceMeter family gives you both capabilities in one
compact unit. Each one combines a programmable power source with a highly repeatable,
a current source, a voltage meter, a current meter, and an ohmmeter. There’s a SourceMeter
of them to a variety of component handlers for fast binning and sorting. Plus, SourceMeter
instruments are fully compatible with Keithley’s popular switching mainframes and cards for
automating high speed, multipoint test applications.
• Source or sink power up to 1000W in pulse mode and 100W DC
• Create sophisticated ATE systems to streamline your production
S E R V I C E
• Measure resistance at any desired voltage or current level
A N D
• Build I/V, I/R, V/I, and V/R curves with high resolution device
characterization capabilities
S U P P O R T ,
• Perform high speed pass/fail testing and component binning
R E L I A B I L I T Y ,
solution for just about any DC measurement challenge you can imagine. You can link any
G R E A T
51⁄2-digit multimeter (DMM) in a half-rack-sized enclosure. You can use it as a voltage source,
Increasing throughput, yield, and
productivity has
Improve test yields and reduce false failures with:
Maximize throughput, precision,
and accuracy
• Optional contact check to verify good connection to the
S I G N I F I C A N T
SourceMeter instruments provide you with high throughput while
delivering precision voltage and current sourcing and highly accurate measurements. Each model combines five tightly integrated
instruments into one compact half-rack-sized unit: a voltage
source, a current source, a voltage meter, a current meter, and
an ohmmeter.
device under test in less than 350µs
• Basic measurement accuracy of 0.015% for volts, 0.035%
for current, and 0.04% to 0.07% for ohms
• Unique 6-wire ohms capability for resistor network testing
Additional features that increase the usefulness of the
SourceMeter family include:
• Fully programmable test signals and device protection
thresholds for I, V, Ω, and power measurements
Precision voltage
source
Precision current
source
High impedance
digital
multimeter
2400
SourceMeter
Instrument
T H R O U G H P U T
Increase productivity with high
throughput and high yields
A D V A N T A G E S
With the tight integration of a SourceMeter instrument, you’ll get
high speeds for high throughput and high measurement accuracy
and repeatability for yield integrity. This tight integration also
provides significant throughput advantages compared with multiple instrument systems. Each SourceMeter model is both a highly
stable DC power source and a true instrument-grade 51⁄2 -digit
multimeter (DMM). Its power source characteristics include low
noise, precision, and readback. Its DMM capabilities include high
repeatability as well as low noise.
Improve throughput with:
• Reading rates of more than 1750 readings/second to
GPIB (IEEE-488.1 mode) and 2080 readings/second to
memory
• Built-in comparator for pass/fail testing as fast as 500µs
per point
• Built-in test sequencer and a 5000-point memory buffer
for fast, multi-step tests and for minimizing GPIB traffic
• Keithley’s Trigger Link interface for high speed triggering
between instruments
• Built-in sweeps for I/V, I/R, V/I, and V/R characterization
• Simplified programming with LabVIEW™ and
TestPoint™ drivers
• Digital I/O with automated binning capability and built-
in component handler interface
• Industry standard RS-232, IEEE-488.1, and IEEE-488.2
(GPIB) interfaces
Cost-effective and efficient
A SourceMeter instrument provides a good return on investment.
You can expect great reliability, support, and service, as well as the
need for only one instrument instead of many. Its compact half-rack
size takes up minimal real estate, and its high accuracy measurements and robust design make it very dependable. When you need
support or have questions, call our experienced Application
Engineers or use the extensive library of application notes and
example programs located on our web site. The versatile design and
world-class performance of SourceMeter instruments make them
ideal for a broad range of design and production applications in
fields as diverse as communications, semiconductor, and components manufacturing.
Easy to use
A SourceMeter instrument is easy to set up and use. It provides convenient DMM-like operation, while eliminating many of the connection, compatibility, and synchronization problems that occur when
multiple instruments are used. And, it allows you to source voltage
or current while making measurements without changing connections. This not only makes it easier to use, it saves test time.
never been simpler
Measure functions operate like a DMM.
Dual-line VFD
displays sourced
value, measured
value, and
compliance level.
Ohms measurements with
user-programmable source
current or clamp voltage
Source functions set up easily.
Fully programmable
mathematical function key
enables on-board calculation of
derived parameters,
such as power, voltage
coefficient, ratio, etc.
Sense line impedance
of >10GΩ won’t
disturb measurements.
51⁄2-digit resolution provides
sensitivity as low as 10–17 A
and 1mV.
Source and
measure from the
same terminals.
H I G H
5000-point
memory buffer
IEEE-488.1 or
IEEE-488.2 for
instrument control
or to download
commands for
automatic execution.
LabVIEW™ and
TestPoint™ drivers
are available.
3-stage limit
structure for fast
pass/fail testing
Choose from
stair, log, or
custom sweeps.
Bright, clear
“output on”
indicator
Programmable front/rear
switching provides two independent channels that can
be switched over the bus.
Component handler
interface has binning
and pass/fail output.
Guard and Guard Sense
lines provide unique 6-wire
ohms capability to guard out
parallel resistors in networks.
RS-232 interface for
direct connection to PC
Trigger Link feature provides
two hardware trigger lines for fast,
precise, repeatable triggering of
switching systems.
V E R S A T I L I T Y
Reading rates of up to
2080/s into memory,
1750/s over IEEE-488
Full range of testing capabilities
S E A M L E S S
The instruments in the SourceMeter family offer wide versatility, so they make great solutions
for a variety of applications in many industries. For seamless integration in fast multipoint testing
applications, combine a SourceMeter instrument with a Keithley switch system. The examples
outlined here represent only a fraction of the potential applications for these powerful test solutions. For details on these applications, including test system configurations, or for additional
SourceMeter applications, visit our website at www.keithley.com.
I N T E G R A T I O N
Testing optoelectronic components
Testing resistors and resistor networks
Use a SourceMeter instrument to
measure a component’s electrical
performance characteristics and
to drive laser diodes and other
components.
Use a SourceMeter instrument to verify the performance of resistor
networks at various stages in production, as well as in their final
packaged form.
F O R
Types of optoelectronic
components:
M U L T I - P O I N T
• Laser diodes
• Laser diode modules
• Photodetectors
• Light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
• Photovoltaic cells
Typical tests:
T E S T I N G
• LIV test (laser diodes and LEDs)
• Kink test (laser diodes)
• I-V characterization
Types of devices:
•
•
•
•
•
Thin-film or thick-film resistors and networks
Dual terminator networks
R/2R ladder networks
Isolated and bussed networks
Thermistors
Typical measurements:
• Circuit or buried node resistance
• Standard 4-wire and 6-wire Kelvin
• Percent deviation and ratio
• Isolation and trace resistance
• TCR (temperature coefficient of resistance) testing
Testing diodes
A SourceMeter instrument is ideal for testing devices with high
voltage and high current, such as diodes.
Types of diodes:
• Switching diodes
• Zener diodes
• Radio frequency (RF) diodes
DC parametric tests:
• Forward voltage test
• Reverse breakdown test
• Leakage current test
• Polarity test
• Off-line QA analysis
Testing air bag inflators
A SourceMeter instrument is ideal for
testing circuit protection devices, which
can provide fast, energy absorbing,
transient and over-voltage protection to
a load placed across them.
Use a SourceMeter instrument to test the electrical characteristics of
the air bag assembly. The precision of a SourceMeter instrument and
its readback feature make it ideal
for this application, because testing the inflator is much like testing a fuse; if too high a current is
used, the fuse will open and
must be scrapped.
Types of circuit protection devices:
•
•
•
•
•
TVS (transient voltage suppression)
MOV (metal oxide varistor)
Thermistors
Polyfuses
Fuses
Use a SourceMeter instrument to test your
connectors, switches, and relays quickly and
thoroughly with programmable test currents up
to 5A. Quality connectors are vital to ensuring
overall product reliability in applications ranging
from motor vehicles to transatlantic telecom
systems.
Typical tests:
• IDDQ test
• DC parametric electrical test
• DC power source test
Typical tests for connectors:
• Isolation (insulation resistance)
• Pin continuity
Typical tests for connectors, switches,
and relays:
•
•
•
•
Contact resistance
Offset compensation
Insulation resistance
Dielectric withstanding
Other applications
• AST (accelerated stress testing), including
HALT/HASS and ESS
• GMR (giant magneto-resistive) head
testing
• Battery discharge/charge cycling testing
• SOC (system on chip) testing
P R O B L E M S
Use a SourceMeter instrument
during the production testing
of DC characteristics for a variety of
IC technologies.
Testing connectors, switches,
and relays
C O R R E C T
Testing ICs, RFICs, and MMICs
• Bridgewire test
• Insulation resistance
(HIPOT) test
• Shunt bar test
• Contact verification
A N D
Typical tests:
• Bipolar nominal voltage test
• Maximum clamping (breakdown) voltage test
• DC standby (leakage) current test
• Non-linear exponent (alpha coefficient) test
Typical tests:
I D E N T I F Y
Testing circuit protection devices
Faster, easier, and more efficient
testing
Six-Wire Ohms Measurements
Coupled Source and Measure
Capabilities
F A S T E R ,
E A S I E R ,
The tightly coupled nature of a SourceMeter instrument provides
many advantages over separate instruments. The ability to fit a
source and a meter in a single half-rack enclosure saves valuable
rack space and simplifies the remote programming interface. Also,
the tight control and single GPIB address inherent in a single
instrument results in faster test times for ATE applications due to
reduced GPIB traffic. The SourceMeter instrument topology
(shown below) protects the device under test from damage due to
accidental overloads, thermal runaway, and other problems. Both
the current and voltage source are programmable with readback to
help maximize device measurement integrity. If the readback
reaches a programmed compliance limit, then the source is
clamped at the limit, providing fault protection.
Use 6-wire ohms measurements to prevent measurement errors or
when conventional methods won’t work, such as when testing
resistor networks, delta networks, and other hybrid circuits. Our
unique 6-wire ohms technique uses Guard and Guard Sense leads
in addition to the 4-wire Sense and Source leads to guard out parallel current paths when measuring networks or hybrid circuits.
This avoids the complication of the DUT being shunted by other
resistances in the circuit. This also allows you to test individual
resistors buried inside a network without the need to break the circuit to isolate the component under test.
+
Guard Sense
IMeter
IMeter
A N D
Local
Guard
-
In/Out HI
In/Out HI
Sense HI
DUT
Remote
ISource
ISource
Sense HI
VMeter
R2
R1
VMeter/Compliance
M O R E
R3
DUT
Sense LO
Local
In/Out LO
In/Out LO
6-Wire Ohms Circuit - All test current flows through R1 because the high
current guard drives the voltage across R2 to 0V.
Source I, Measure V, I, or Ω configuration
Contact Check
IMeter/Compliance
VSource
Local
In/Out HI
Remote
Sense HI
VMeter
DUT
Remote
Sense LO
Local
In/Out LO
The optional Contact Check function eliminates measurement
errors and false product failures by verifying good connections to
the device under test quickly and easily before testing begins. In
just 350µs, this function’s verification and notification routine
ensures that you have good contact to a device before sending
energy through it and spending time testing it. The Contact Check
function was designed for high throughput 4-wire and 6-wire test
applications, and it provides three methods of fault notification.
Guard
+
-
E F F I C I E N T
Remote
Sense LO
Source V, Measure I, V, or Ω configuration
Guard Sense
Pass
IMeter
V or I
Source
350µs
Contact
Check
(optional)
VMeter
In/Out HI
Sense HI
Sense LO
Fail
DUT
In/Out LO
Contact check option for 4-wire or 6-wire applications
Pass
and automation
Standard and Custom Sweeps
Start
Bias
Bias
T E S T I N G
Linear staircase sweep
Stop
Start
Bias
Bias
Logarithmic staircase sweep
Start
Stop
User defined
steps
Bias
Custom sweep
A C C E L E R A T E
Stop
For faster and easier testing, source memory list programmability is
provided that allows you to set up and execute up to 100 different
tests without PC intervention. Each test can contain different
instrument configurations and test conditions, and can include
source configurations, measurements, conditional branching, math
functions, and pass/fail limit testing with binning capability. In
addition, some SourceMeter models can include DC mode or
pulse mode with varying parameters and timing (integration,
delays, etc.), allowing you to slow down more sensitive measurements and speed up others to optimize overall timing.
T H A T
There are three basic sweep waveforms to select from. The linear
staircase sweep goes from the start level to the stop level in
equal linear steps. The logarithmic staircase sweep is similar,
but is done on a log scale with a specified number of steps per
decade. The custom sweep allows construction of special sweeps
by specifying the number of measurement points and the source
level at each point. All sweep configurations can be programmed
for single-event or continuous operation.
Built-In Test Sequencer
(Source Memory List)
S O L U T I O N S
SourceMeter instruments provide sweep solutions that greatly
accelerate testing with automation hooks for additional throughput improvement. This is true whether you are performing
sweeps on transistors, measuring Varistor Alpha, calculating
slope efficiency on VCSELs, simply verifying connector integrity,
or characterizing device performance, trip points, transfer functions, or virtually any DC volt-amp characteristic with high
precision. Also use it for I/V, I/R, V/I, and V/R characterization.
Bias
Selecting the best solution
for your
All SourceMeter instruments provide four-quadrant operation. In the first and third quadrants,
they operate as a source, delivering power to a load. In the second and fourth quadrants,
they operate as a sink, dissipating power internally. Voltage, current, and resistance can be
measured during source or sink operation.
Model 2400 SourceMeter
Instrument
Model 2420 3A SourceMeter Instrument
I
I
F O U R - Q U A D R A N T
+3A
+1A
+1A
+100mA
–200V
–20V
+20V
+100mA
+200V
–60V
–20V
+20V
+60V
V
V
–100mA
–100mA
–1A
O P E R A T I O N
–1A
–3A
The Model 2400 is ideal for testing a wide variety of devices, including diodes, resistors, resistor networks, active circuit protection
devices, and portable battery-powered devices and components.
Choose the Model 2420 for testing higher power resistors, thermistors,
IDDQ , solar cells, batteries, and high current or medium power diodes,
including switching and Schottky diodes.
Model 2425 100W SourceMeter
Instrument
Model 2410 High Voltage
SourceMeter Instrument
I
I
+3A
+1A
+1A
+200mA
+100mA
+20mA
–1100V –200V
–20V
+20V
+200V +1100V
–100V –60
–20
+20 +60
–20mA
–100mA
–100mA
–1A
–1A
–3A
The Model 2410’s high voltage capability makes it a good match for
applications such as voltage coefficient testing of resistors, isolation and
leakage current testing, and production testing/characterization of high
voltage components, including varistors, RF diodes, and rectifiers.
+100V
V
V
The Model 2425 offers continuous 100W programmable source
and measurement capability for testing DC/DC converters, power
semiconductor devices, and other high power components.
application
Model 2440 5A SourceMeter Instrument
Model 2430 1kW Pulse Mode
SourceMeter Instrument
+10A
I
5A
+3A
+1A
3A
1A
+100mA
100mA
+20 +60 +100V
-40V
40V
-10V
+10V
-100mA
D Y N A M I C
–100V –60 –20
V
–100mA
-1A
-3A
–1A
Continuous Operation
Duty Cycle/Pulse Limited
-5A
–10A
The Model 2440’s wide dynamic range is well-suited for applications
such as testing high power pump lasers for use in optical amplifiers
and laser bar tests, as well as testing other higher power components.
C A P A B I L I T I E S
The Model 2430 combines a 1kW pulse capability with continuous
100W programmable source and measurement capability for
production testing of devices like multi-layer varistors (MLVs),
protection diodes, and other transient suppression devices.
Model
2400/
2400-C*
2410/
2410-C*
2420/
2420-C*
2425/
2425-C*
2430/
2430-C*
2440/
2440-C*
6430
Description
General
Purpose
High
Voltage
3A
High Power
1000 W
Pulse
5A
Ultra-low
Current
Power Output
20 W
20 W
60 W
100 W
100 W
50 W
2W
Voltage
Range
±1 µV to
±210 V
±1 µV to
±1100 V
±1 µV to
±63 V
±1 µV to
±105 V
±1 µV to
±105 V
±1 µV to
±42 V
±1 µV to
±210 V
Current
Range
±10 pA to
±1.05 A
±10 pA to
±1.05 A
±100 pA to
±3.15 A
±100 pA to
±3.15 A
±100 pA to
±10.5 A
(pulse)
±100 pA to
±5.25 A
±10 aA** to
±105 mA
Ohms Range
<0.2 Ω to
>200 Ω
<0.2 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<0.2 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<0.2 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<0.2 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<2.0 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<2.0 Ω to
>20 TΩ***
Applications
• Resistive
devices
• Diodes
• Optoelectronic
components
• IDDQ
testing
• Voltage
coefficient
• Varistors
• High
voltage
diodes and
protection
devices
• Airbag
inflators
• Power
resistors
• Thermistors
• Solar cells
• Batteries
• Diodes
• IDDQ testing
• Power semiconductors
• DC/DC
converters
• High power
components
• IDDQ
testing
• High
power
pulse
testing
• Varistors
and other
circuit
protection
devices
• 5A
pump
laser
diodes
• Particle beam
experiments
• SET (single
electron
transistor)
testing
• Ultra-high
resistance
testing
(up to 10 Ω)
* A model number ending with “-C” indicates the Contact Check function
** 1aA = 1 x 10–18 amps
*** 1TΩ = 10 x 1012 ohms
T E S T I N G
–3A
15
Everything you need to create a
customized
For a fast, efficient, cost-effective
system
Keithley can provide you with a wide variety of accessories, switching systems, and support, so you can create a solution that is exactly tailored to your needs. Our Application Engineers can help you
decide which configurations are best suited to your situation.
F A S T ,
Switching systems
E F F I C I E N T ,
For your multiple test point applications, combine a Keithley
switch system with your SourceMeter instrument for a seamless,
complete solution. You can count on our switch systems to provide the characteristics needed to maintain signal integrity and the
flexibility to accommodate a wide range of signals.
Series 7000 Switch Systems
A N D
C O S T - E F F E C T I V E
The Model 7001 is a half-rack, 80-channel, 2-slot mainframe with
the highest density switching of any half-rack mainframe in the test
and measurement market. Its unique front panel display clearly
shows the open/closed status of every channel. Programming at
the front panel or over the
IEEE bus includes parameters such as scan spacing,
channel spacing, number of
scans, and trigger source.
The Model 7002 is a 10-slot mainframe that can support up to 400
2-pole multiplexer channels or 400 matrix crosspoints. Its unique
interactive front panel
channel status display
offers light-pen
programming.
Series 7000 Switch Cards
These switch cards provide you with sensitivity and accuracy that
matches the instrument, so you can achieve seamless interfacing
between SourceMeter instruments and the Model 7001 and 7002
High Density Switch Systems.
There are more
than 40 types of
cards, including
multiplexer, matrix,
multi-channel relay,
thermocouple, scanner, universal adapter, and RF cards.
Model 707A/708A Switch Matrix Systems
These switch matrix systems offer advanced solutions to test
engineers involved in production testing of semiconductor
devices, telecommunications equipment and other electronic
products. The Model 707A is a 6-slot mainframe for control of up
to 576 channels, while the 708A includes a single slot for up to
96 channels.
Integra Series Switch/Measurement Systems
When you need higher accuracy, use these systems. They also provide you with the functionality of a DMM, a switching system, a
data acquisition system, and a data logger in compact, affordable,
easy-to-configure packages. With 80- or 200-channel capacity, these
systems allow you to choose from a variety of switch/control plugin modules, so you can easily customize a system to the needs of
your application. Choose from GPIB, RS-232, or Ethernet communication options. Outstanding features of the Model 2750 include
world-class low power, low ohms performance and dry circuit and
offset compensation capabilities.
test solution
Optoelectronic Instrumentation
System 40/41/S46 and
System 25
Model 7116-MWS RF/Microwave Signal
Keithley’s System 25 LIV (light-current-voltage) Test System Kit
combines all the DC measurement capabilities required to test
laser diode modules with optical power measurement and tight
temperature control over the device under test in an integrated
instrument package. The LIV test system is configured from proven
Keithley instrumentation; the basic configuration can be easily
modified to add new measurement functions or to allow for new
connections.
Routing Systems
When you need to integrate a variety of RF components, low frequency switching, power switching, and/or digital I/O into one
system, our System 40/41/S46 and Model 7116-MWS switching
systems will meet your needs. These switching
systems provide both standard and custom configurations.
S E R V I C E
RF/Microwave Switching
Y O U
C A N
Available Accessories:
Model 2502 Dual Photodiode Meter
Designed for Keithley’s L-I-V
production test systems, the
Model 2502 provides two
100V bias sources and two
high speed picoammeters in
a single half-rack enclosure.
It supplies the voltage bias
and current measurement for
two photodetectors simultaneously. The Model 2502 is compatible
with the Model 2500INT Integrating Sphere for optical power measurements.
Model 2510/2510-AT Autotuning TEC
SourceMeter Instrument
The Model 2510 powers a laser diode’s ThermoElectric Cooler
(TEC), providing precise P-I-D (Proportional, Integral, and
Derivative) temperature control of the device under test. The
Model 2510-AT expands these capabilities with a built-in autotuning algorithm. The autotune feature calculates the best P, I, and D
coefficients for optimal closed-loop temperature control.
O N
KPC-488.2AT, KPCI-488 GPIB/IEEE-488 Interface Boards
7007-,7007-2
Double-Shielded, Premium GPIB
Cables
7009-5
RS-232 Cable
Test Leads
1754
2-Wire Universal 10 Piece Test
Lead Kit
5804
Kelvin (4-Wire) Universal 10
Piece
Test Lead Kit
5805
Kelvin (4-Wire) Spring-Loaded
Probes
5806
Kelvin (4-Wire) Oversized
Alligator
Clip-on Leads
Triggering and Control
KPC-TM
TriggerMaster Interface
8501-1, 8501-2
Trigger-Link Cables
8502, 8503, 8505
Trigger-Link Adapters
2499-DIGIO
Digital I/O Expander
Assembly
Other
TestPoint
Test Development Software
D E P E N D
Communication
Specifications
These condensed specifications provide a valuable overview of the SourceMeter family. For
complete specifications, visit our web site (www.keithley.com) or call us at 1-888-KEITHLEY
(534-8453) to speak with one of our experienced applications engineers or to ask for data
sheets of the models that interest you.
SourceMeter® Family
2400(-C)
Volts Ranges
V
Basic V Source Accuracy
Basic V Measure Accuracy
I Ranges
mA
Basic I Source Accuracy
Basic I Measure Accuracy
Ohms Ranges
Basic Ohms
Measure Accuracy
0.2, 2, 20, 200 V
2410(-C)
2420(-C)
0.2, 2, 20, 1000 V 0.2, 2, 20, 60 V
2425(-C)
2430(-C)
0.2, 2, 20, 100 V 0.2, 2, 20, 100 V
2440(-C)
6430
0.2, 2, 20, 40 V
0.2, 2, 20, 200
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
1, 10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A
1, 10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A
10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A, 3 A
10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A, 3A
10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A, 3 A, 10 A
10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A, 5 A
1, 10, 100 pA
1, 10, 100 nA
1, 10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20, 200 MΩ
20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20, 200 MΩ
2, 20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20 MΩ
2, 20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20 MΩ
2, 20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20 MΩ
2, 20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20 MΩ
20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20, 200 MΩ
2, 20, 200 GΩ
2, 20 TΩ
0.06%
0.07%
0.06%
0.06%
0.06%
0.06%
0.06%
Additional Source Specfications
Additional Measure Specification
VOLTAGE REGULATION: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range +
100µV.
NOISE 10Hz–1MHz (p-p): 10mV (50mV typ., Models 2430 and 2440).
SOURCE I MODE, MANUAL OHMS: Total uncertainty = I source accuracy +
V measure accuracy (4-wire remote sense).
SOURCE V MODE, MANUAL OHMS: Total uncertainty = V source accuracy
+ I measure accuracy (4-wire remote sense).
6-WIRE OHMS MODE: Available using active ohms guard and guard
sense. Max. Guard Output Current: 50mA (except 1, 3, 5, 10A
and 1000V ranges). Accuracy is load dependent. Refer to White
Paper No. 2033 for calculation formula.
GUARD OUTPUT IMPEDANCE: <0.1Ω in ohms mode.
OVER VOLTAGE PROTECTION: User selectable values, 5% tolerance.
Factory default = none.
CURRENT LIMIT: Bipolar current limit (compliance) set with single
value. Min. 0.1% of range.
OVERSHOOT: <0.1% typical (full scale step, resistive load, 10mA
range).
CURRENT REGULATION: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range
(except Model 2440 5A range 0.5% + 100pA).
VOLTAGE LIMIT: Bipolar voltage limit (compliance) set with single
value. Min. 0.1% of range.
OVERSHOOT: <0.1% typical (1mA step, RL = 10kΩ, 20V range for
Model 2400, 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430) (10V range for Model
2440).
OUTPUT SETTLING TIME: Time required to reach 0.1% of final value
after command is processed. 100µs typical. Resistive load. 10µA
to 100mA range.
DC FLOATING VOLTAGE: Output can be floated up to ±250V DC (Model
2440 ±40V DC) from chassis ground.
REMOTE SENSE: Up to 1V drop per load lead.
COMPLIANCE ACCURACY: Add 0.3% of range and ±0.02% of reading to
base specification.
Contact Check Specifications
SPEED: 350µs for verification and notification.
CONTACT CHECK:
2Ω
15 Ω
No contact check failure
<1.00 Ω
<13.5 Ω
Always contact check failure >3.00 Ω
>16.5 Ω
50 Ω
<47.5 Ω
>52.5 Ω
System Speeds
Measurement1
MAXIMUM RANGE CHANGE RATE: 75/second.
MAXIMUM MEASURE AUTORANGE TIME: 40ms (fixed source).2
Sweep Operation3 ReadingRates (rdg./second) for 60Hz (50Hz):
SPEED
Fast
IEEE-488.1 Mode
Fast
IEEE-488.2 Mode
Medium
IEEE-488.2 Mode
Normal
IEEE-488.2 Mode
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
0.01 / internal
0.01 / external
0.01 / internal
0.01 / external
0.10 / internal
0.10 / external
1.00 / internal
1.00 / external
MEASURE
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
2081(2030) 1754
1239(1200) 1254
2081(2030) 1198(1210)
1239(1200) 1079(1050)
510 (433)
509 (433)
438 (380)
438 (380)
5 9 (49)
5 9 (49)
5 7 (48)
5 7 (48)
SOURCE-MEASURE5
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
1551(1515) 1369
1018 (990) 1035
1551(1515) 1000(900)
1018 (990) 916(835)
470 (405) 470(410)
409 (360) 409(365)
5 8 (48)
5 8 (48)
5 7 (48)
5 7 (47)
SOURCE-MEASURE
PASS/FAIL TEST4, 5
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
902(900) 981
830(830) 886
902(900) 809(840)
830(830) 756(780)
389 (343) 388(343)
374(333) 374(333)
5 6 (47)
5 6 (47)
5 6 (47)
5 6 (47)
SOURCE-MEMORY4
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
165(162) 165
163(160) 163
165(162) 164(162)
163(160) 162(160)
133(126) 132(126)
131(125) 131(125)
4 4 (38)
4 4 (38)
4 4 (38)
4 4 (38)
Single reading operation reading rates (rdg./second) for 60Hz (50Hz):
SPEED
Fast (488.1)
Fast (488.2)
Medium(488.2)
Normal (488.2)
MEASURE
TO GPIB
537
256(256)
167(166)
4 9 (42)
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
0.01 / internal
0.01 / internal
0.10 / internal
1.00 / internal
SOURCE-MEASURE5
TO GPIB
140
7 9(83)
7 2(70)
3 4(31)
SOURCE-MEASURE PASS/FAIL TEST4,5
TO GPIB
135
7 9(83)
6 9(70)
3 5(30)
SOURCE
PASS/FAIL TEST
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
SOURCE-MEASURE PASS/FAIL TEST5, 7
TO GPIB
4.82 ms (5.3 ms)
6.27 ms (7.1 ms)
21.31 ms(25.0 ms)
Component for 60Hz (50Hz):4, 6
SPEED
Fast
Medium
Normal
1
2
3
4
MEASURE
TO GPIB
1.04 ms (1.08 ms)
2.55 ms (2.9 ms)
17.53 ms (20.9 ms)
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
0.01 / external
0.10 / external
1.00 / external
Reading rates applicable for voltage or current measurements. Auto zero off,
autorange off, filter off, display off, trigger delay = 0, and binary reading format.
Purely resistive lead. 1µA and 10µA ranges <65ms.
1000 point sweep was characterized with the source on a fixed range.
Pass/Fail test performed using one high limit and one low math limit.
5
6
7
Includes time to re-program source to a new level before making measurement.
Time from falling edge of START OF TEST signal to falling edge of END OF TEST
signal.
Command processing time of :SOURce:VOLTage|CURRent:TRIGgered <nrf> command not included.
GENERAL
Noise Rejection:
Fast
Medium
Slow
1
NPLC
0.01
0.1
1
NMRR
—
—
60 dB
CMRR
8 0 dB
8 0 dB
100 dB1
Except lowest 2 current ranges = 90dB.
LOAD IMPEDANCE: Stable into 20,000pF typical.
COMMON MODE VOLTAGE: 250V DC (40V D C for Model 2440).
COMMON MODE ISOLATION: >109 Ω, <1000pF.
OVERRANGE: 105% of range, source and measure.
MAX. VOLTAGE DROP BETWEEN INPUT/OUTPUT AND SENSE TERMINALS: 5V.
MAX. SENSE LEAD RESISTANCE: 1MΩ for rated accuracy.
selected measured value(s) and time stamp. Lithium battery backup (3 yr+
battery life).
PROGRAMMABILITY: IEEE-488 (SCPI-1995.0), RS-232, 5 user-definable powerup states plus factory default and *RST.
DIGITAL INTERFACE:
Interlock: Active low input.
Handler Interface: Start of test, end of test, 3 category bits. [email protected] 300mA
supply.
Digital I/O: 1 trigger input, 4 TTL/Relay Drive outputs (33V @ 500mA, diode
clamped).
POWER SUPPLY: 100V to 240V rms, 50–60Hz (automatically detected at
power up). Model 2400: 190VA. Model 2410: 210VA. Model 2420: 220VA. Model
2425, 2430: 250VA. Model 2440: 240VA.
SENSE INPUT IMPEDANCE: >101 0Ω.
COOLING: (Model 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440): Forced air, variable speed.
GUARD OFFSET VOLTAGE: <300µV, typical.
WARRANTY: 1 year.
SOURCE OUTPUT MODES:
Pulse (Model 2430 only)
Fixed DC level
Memory List (mixed function)
Stair (linear and log)
SOURCE MEMORY LIST: 100 points max.
EMC: Conforms to European Union Directive 89/336/EEC, EN 61326-1.
MEMORY BUFFER: 5,000 readings @ 5 digits (two 2,500 point buffers). Includes
SAFETY: Conforms to European Union Directive 73/23/EEC, EN61010-1.
WARM-UP: 1 hour to rated accuracies.
DIMENSIONS: 89mm high × 213mm wide × 370mm deep (31⁄
2 in × 8 3⁄
8 in ×
1 6 in). Bench Configuration (with handle & feet):104mm high × 238mm wide ×
1 49⁄
8 in × 9 3⁄
8 in × 1 49⁄
1 6 in).
370mm deep (41⁄
Informative reference materials
Service you can depend on
Visit our web site, www.keithley.com, to access our
reference library, including:
When you need help, contact us at www.keithley.com or call us at
1-888-KEITHLEY (534-8453). Whatever your application, Keithley’s application engineers are ready to help you meet its challenges, before and
after the sale. You can rely on us to suggest the most effective system configurations and to provide prompt, reliable applications support once your
system is set up.
Switching Handbook
This valuable publication describes relay
characteristics, switching specifications,
selection criteria, system integration hints,
and guidelines for optimizing your test system.
The next time you’re faced with a challenging application, give us a call.
We’ll offer you a cost-effective solution that will help you improve your
product quality, throughput, and yield.
Keithley’s commitment to the electronics
manufacturing industry
Low Level Measurements
This informative handbook describes
theoretical and practical considerations
involved in the measurement of low DC
currents, high resistances, and low
DC voltages.
Application Notes
These helpful notes include practical, real-world answers to many
application questions related to SourceMeter instruments.
Keithley has more than 50 years of experience in applying our world leadership in low-level measurements to produce solutions
for your industry’s needs. Backed by R&D, customer feedback,
partnerships, and strategic alliances, the result has been accurate
and reliable DMMs, Source-Measure Units, switching systems, I/V characterization systems, and much, much more. The Series 2400 SourceMeter
family continues this tradition, along with our heritage of Quality, Service,
Innovation, and Integrity (QSII).
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
All Keithley trademarks and trade names are the property of Keithley Instruments, Inc.
All other trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective companies.
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O F
C O N F I D E N C E
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© Copyright 2003 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
Printed in U.S.A.
No. 1896
10038KOP
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