Redbox
User Handbook No3
Mixers & Source Selectors, Microphone
Amplifiers, Stereo to Mono Converters,
General Interfaces
RB-SS10
10 way stereo analogue source selector/mixer
RB-DSS10
10 way stereo digital source selector
RB-PMX4
10 input, 4 output analogue preset mixer
RB-SSML1
Mic/line source selector with compressor/limiter
RB-MA1
Microphone amplifier, single
RB-MA2
Microphone amplifier, dual
RB-DMA2
Dual digital microphone amplifier
RB-ML2
Microphone limiter, 2 channel
RB-SL2
Twin mono, or stereo limiter
RB-SM1
Stereo to mono converter, single
RB-SM2
Stereo to mono converter, dual
RB-LC3
3 way light/power controller
RB-MM1
Mix minus generator
RB-OA3
3 studio on-air switcher
RB-OA3R
Remote switch panel for RB-OA3
Revision 2.15 October 2014
©Sonifex Ltd, 2000-14
All Rights Reserved
Sonifex Ltd, 61, Station Road, Irthlingborough,
Northants, NN9 5QE, England.
Tel : +44 (0)1933 650 700
Fax : +44 (0)1933 650 726
Email : sales@sonifex.co.uk or technical.support@sonifex.co.uk
Web : http://www.sonifex.co.uk
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent
a commitment on the part of Sonifex Ltd. Sonifex Ltd shall not be liable for any loss or
damage whatsoever arising form the use of information or any error contained in this
manual.
No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or information storage and
retrieval systems, for any purpose other than the purchaser’s personal use, without the
express written permission of Sonifex Ltd.
Unless otherwise noted, all names of companies, products and persons contained herein are
part of a completely fictitious adaptation and are designed solely to document the use of
Sonifex products.
b
Redbox User Handbook No 3
CON TEN TS
Warranty
i
i
ii
iii
Safety Information
iii
Safety of Mains Operated Equipment
Voltage Setting Checks
Fuse Rating
Power Cable and Connection
Ordering the Correct Mains Lead
Installation Information
Atmosphere
Electromagnetic Radiation
Fitting Redboxes
WEEE & RoHS Directives - Sonifex Statement
iii
iii
iii
iv
iv
iv
iv
iv
iv
vi
1
1
RB-SS10 10 Way Stereo Analogue Source Selector/Mixer
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Front Panel Indicators & Controls
Illuminated Push Buttons
Front Panel Gain Controls
Headphone Output
Volume Control
Additional Modes
Configuring the Additional Modes
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Inputs
Outputs
Altering the Master Output Level
RB-SS10 Additional Audio Input Connectors
RB-SS10 Remote Start I/O
Remote Select/Switch Inputs
Status Outputs
Technical Specifications RB-SS10
2
RB-DSS10 10 Way Stereo Digital Source Selector
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
6
7
8
9
11
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Front Panel Indicators & Controls
Power Indicator
Illuminated Push Buttons
Headphone Output
Volume Control
Additional Modes
Select & Confirm Mode
Configuring the Additional Modes
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
RB-DSS10 Inputs
RB-DSS10 Outputs
Digital Audio Inputs & S/PDIF Output
Remote Start I/O
Remote Select/Switch Inputs
Status Outputs
Technical Specifications RB-DSS10
11
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
16
17
18
19
3
21
RB-PMX4 10 Input, 4 Output Analogue Preset Mixer
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Redbox User Handbook No 3
CON T E N TS
Warranty and Liability - important the purchaser is advised to read this clause
Unpacking the Redbox
Returning the Warranty Card
21
22
c
CON T E N TS
CO N T E N TS
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Outputs 1-4
Front Panel Controls
Switch Banks
Input Gain Controls
Technical Specifications RB-PMX4
22
23
23
23
23
24
4
25
RB-SSML1 Mic/Line Source Selector with Compressor Limiter
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Rear Panel Connections
Stereo Monitor Inputs
Stereo Monitor Pad & Volume Control
Mic Input
Mic Input Gain
Using Phantom Powered Microphones
Using the LF Filter
Compression Active on Mic Input Only
Peak Hold Disabled on LED Meter
Stereo Line Input
Stereo Input Gain Pad
Stereo Line Output
Stereo Output Gain Pad
Front Panel Controls
Mic & Line Volume Controls
Mic/Line Select Switch
Bypass Button
Applying Compression
LED Metering
Headphone Outputs
Technical Specifications RB-SSML1
25
26
26
27
27
27
27
27
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
29
29
29
29
29
29
30
5
31
RB-MA1 Single & RB-MA2 Dual Microphone Amplifiers
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Mic Inputs
Input Gain
Using Phantom Powered Microphones
Using the LF Filter
Output
Technical Specifications RB-MA1 & RB-MA2
31
31
32
32
32
33
33
33
34
6
35
RB-DMA2 Dual Digital Microphone Amplifier
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Front Panel Indicators & Controls
Sync & Power Indicator
Input Level Adjustment
Disabling the Fine Gain Control Knob
Input Level Indicators
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
RB-DMA2 Inputs
Rear Panel Controls
Technical Specifications RB-DMA2
35
36
36
37
37
37
37
37
38
39
42
7
44
RB-ML2 Stereo Microphone & Line Level Limiter
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
d
44
45
45
Redbox User Handbook No 3
CON TEN TS
Mic / Line Inputs
Mic Input Gain
Using Phantom Powered Microphones
Using the LF Filter
Mic / Line Outputs
Mic / Line Output Gain
Level Limiting
Mode Select Switch
Technical Specifications RB-ML2
46
46
46
46
46
47
47
47
48
8
50
RB-SL2 Twin Mono, or Stereo, Limiter
50
50
51
51
51
51
51
52
9
53
RB-SM1 Single & RB-SM2 Dual Stereo To Mono Converter
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Stereo Inputs 1 (& 2)
Mono Output 1 (& 2)
Output Gain
Technical Specifications RB-SM1 & RB-SM2
53
53
54
55
55
55
56
10 RB-LC3 3 Way Light/Power Controller
57
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Switched Mains Outputs
Telephone Connections
Remote External Control Inputs
Configuration Switches
Latching and Momentary Mode
Flash Rate Preset Potentiometer
Technical Specifications RB-LC3
57
58
58
59
59
59
60
60
62
63
11 RB-MM1 Mix Minus Generator
64
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Front Panel Indicator
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Stereo Inputs From Mixer Main Output
Input From Mixer Telephone Fader
Output Null Adjustments (LF and Full-Band)
Band Pass Filter Switch
Output to Telephone Balance Unit (TBU)
Output Level Adjustment
Operation of the RB-MM1
Technical Specifications RB-MM1
64
64
65
65
65
65
65
66
66
66
66
66
12 RB-OA3 3 Studio On-Air Switcher
68
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Installation Guide for the RB-OA3
68
69
70
70
Redbox User Handbook No 3
CON T E N TS
Introduction
System Block Diagram
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Outputs
Inputs
Gain Control
Mode Switch
Technical Specifications RB-SL2
e
CON T E N TS
CO N T E N TS
f
Setting the Unit’s Identity Using The Mode ID DIP Switches
Setting The Boot Up Mode
Force Last Used Studio Mode
Force Studio 1 Mode
Configuring for Operation
Single (MASTER) Mode
Studio Connections
Control Panels
Profanity Delay Connector
Mix Input
LSO Expansion Port
Serial Ports
Studio Expansion
Studio Connections
Control Panels
Profanity Delay Connector
Mix Input
LSO Expansion
Serial Ports
Bus Expansion
Studio Connections
Control Panels
Profanity Delay Connector
Mix Input
LSO Expansion
Serial Ports
Studio & Bus (4 Unit) Expansion
Studio Connections
Control Panels
Profanity Delay Connector
Mix Input
LSO Expansion
Serial Ports
Indications – How The LEDS Are Used
FRONT PANEL LEDS
CONTROL PANEL LEDS
Operational Modes
Rear Panel Connections & Operation
Transmission Outputs and Studio 1-3 Audio Connection Details
Studio 1-3 Control Port Connection Details
Profanity Delay Control
Serial Ports
Technical Specifications RB-OA3
70
70
71
71
71
71
71
71
71
71
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
73
73
73
73
73
73
73
74
74
74
74
74
74
75
75
75
76
76
79
81
83
84
84
85
RB-OA3R Remote Switch Panel For RB-OA3
86
Introduction
Technical Specifications RB-OA3R
86
88
RB-OA3C Expansion Unit Cable Kit For RB-OA3
89
Introduction
Technical Specifications RB-OA3C
89
89
13 Connectors & Cabling
90
XLR 3 Pin Connectors
RCA Phono Connectors
D-Type Connectors
90
90
91
14
92
Glossary
Redbox User Handbook No 3
FIGURES
Figures
Fig A: Packing List.
ii
Fig 4-4: DIP Switch to Control Mic & Meter
Fig B: Mains Cable Wire Colours
iv
Features.
27
Fig C: Mains Lead Table.
iv
Fig 4-5: RB-SSML1 Front Panel.
28
Fig D: RB-RK1Small Redbox Front
Rack-mount Kit .
v
Fig E: RB-RK2 Small Redbox Rear
Rack-mount Kit.
Fig 5-2: RB-MA1 & RB-MA2 Block Diagram
Single Channel.
31
v
Fig 5-3: RB-MA1 Rear Panel.
32
Fig 5-4: RB-MA2 Rear Panel.
32
Fig 5-1: RB-MA1 & RB-MA2 Front Panel. 31
v
Fig 1-1: RB-SS10 Front Panel.
1
Fig 5-5: Switch to Control LF Filter and
Phantom Power.
33
Fig 1-2: RB-SS10 System Block Diagram. 2
Fig 6-1: RB-DMA2 Front Panel.
35
Fig 1-3: RB-SS10 Front Panel.
2
Fig 6-2: RB-DMA2 System Block Diagram.36
Fig 1-4: RB-SS10 Rear Panel.
4
Fig 6-3: RB-DMA2 Front Panel.
Fig 1-5: Analogue Audio Inputs Pin
Connections
5
Fig 6-4: Jumpers to Disable Fine Gain
Control.
37
Fig 1-6: Remote Start Pin Connections.
6
Fig 6-5: RB-DMA2 Rear Panel.
37
Fig 1-7: Connection Example.
7
Fig 1-8: Remote Select/Switch Input
Connections.
Fig 6-6: RB-DMA2 Status Select
Switches.
39
7
Fig 1-9: Connection Example.
8
Fig 6-7: RB-DMA2 Frequency and Sync
Rotary Switch Selections.
41
36
Fig 1-10: Status Output Pin Connections. 8
Fig 7-1: RB-ML2 Front Panel.
Fig 1-11: Connection Example.
9
Fig 7-2: RB-ML2 Block Diagram.
45
Fig 2-1: RB-DSS10 Front Panel.
11
Fig 7-3: RB-ML2 Rear Panel.
45
Fig 2-2: RB-DSS10 System Block Diagram.12
Fig 2-3: RB-DSS10 Front Panel.
Fig 2-4: RB-DSS10 Rear Panel.
44
12
Fig 7-4: Switch to Control LF Filter and
Phantom Power.
46
14
Fig 8-1: RB-SL2 Front Panel.
50
Fig 2-5: Digital Audio Inputs and S/PDIF
Output Pin Connections.
15
Fig 8-2: RB-SL2 Block Diagram.
50
Fig 8-3: RB-SL2 Rear Panel.
51
Fig 2-6: Remote Start Pin Connections. 16
Fig 9-1: RB-SM1 & RB-SM2 Front Panel. 53
Fig 2-7: Connection Example.
17
Fig 2-8: Remote Select/Switch Input
Connections.
Fig 9-2: RB-SM1 & RB-SM2 Block Diagram
Single Channel.
53
17
Fig 9-3: RB-SM1 Rear Panel..
54
Fig 2-9: Status Output Pin Connections. 18
Fig 9-4: RB-SM2 Rear Panel.
54
Fig 2-10: Connection Example.
18
Fig 10-1: RB-LC3 Front Panel.
57
Fig 3-1: RB-PMX4 Front Panel .
21
Fig 10-2: RB-LC3 Block Diagram.
58
Fig 3-2: RB-PMX4 Block Diagram.
22
Fig 10-3: RB-LC3 Rear Panel
58
Fig 3-3: RB-PMX4 Rear Panel.
22
Fig 10-4: Output 1 Configuration
Setting.
61
Fig 10-5: Output 2 Configuration
Settings.
61
Fig 10-6: Output 3 Configuration
Settings.
62
Fig 3-4: RB-PMX4 Front Panel Controls. 23
Fig 4-1: RB-SSML1 Front Panel.
25
Fig 4-2: RB-SSML1 Block Diagram.
26
Fig 4-3: RB-SSML1 Rear Panel.
26
Redbox User Handbook No 3
FI G U RE S
Fig F: RB-RK3 Large Redbox Rear
Rack-mount Kit.
g
FIGURES
Figures (continued)
Fig 11-1: RB-MM1 Front Panel.
64
Fig 11-2: RB-MM1 System Block
Diagram.
Fig 12-15: RB-OA3 Transmission I/O
Connector Definitions.
81
64
Fig 11-3: RB-MM1 Rear Panel.
65
Fig 12-16: RB-OA3 Transmission
Outputs Connector Details.
81
Fig 12-17: RB-OA3 Studio 1-3 Audio
Connector Definitions.
82
70
Fig 12-18: RB-OA3 Studio 1-3 Audio
Connector Details.
82
70
Fig 12-19: RB-OA3 Studio 1-3 Control
Connector Definitions.
83
83
Fig 12-1: RB-OA3 Front Panel.
68
Fig 12-2: RB-OA3 System Block Diagram. 69
FI G U RE S
Fig 12-3: RB-OA3 Rear Panel.
Fig 12-4: RB-OA3 Unit Identity
Definitions.
Fig 12-5: RB-OA3 Unit Identity
Reset Settings.
71
Fig 12-20: RB-OA3 Switch & Lamp
Control Details.
Fig 12-6: RB-OA3 Studio Expansion
Diagram.
72
Fig 12-21: RB-OA3 Profanity Delay Control
Connector Definitions..
84
Fig 12-7: RB-OA3 Bus Expansion
Diagram.
73
Fig 12-22: RB-OA3 Profanity Delay
Control Connector Details.
84
Fig 12-23: RB-OA3R Front Panel.
86
Fig 12-8: RB-OA3 Studio & Bus Expansion
Diagram.
74
Fig 12-9: RB-OA3 Multiple RB-OA3
Expansion Diagram.
75
Fig 12-10: Offer & Accept Button
Operation
78
Fig 12-11: RB-OA3 LSO Expansion
Connector Definitions.
79
Fig 12-12: RB-OA3 LSO Expansion
Connector Details.
h
Fig 12-24: RB-OA3R Control Function
lndication Colours.
86
Fig 12-25: RB-OA3R Rear Panel.
86
Fig 12-26: RB-OA3R Pin Out Definitions. 87
Fig 12-27: RB-OA3R Pin Out Positions.
79
87
Fig 13-1: XLR Connectors.
90
Fig 13-2: RCA Phono Connector.
90
Fig 13-3: ¼” Jack Connector.
90
Fig 12-13: RB-OA3 Mix Input Connector
Definitions.
80
Fig 13-4: 25 Way D-Type Connectors.
91
Fig 12-14: RB-OA3 Mix Input Connector
Details.
80
Fig 13-5: 15 Way D-Type Connectors.
91
Fig 13-6: 9 Way D-Type Connectors.
91
Redbox User Handbook No 3
WARR AN T Y
Warranty
Warranty and Liability - important the purchaser is advised to read this clause
(a)
The Company agrees to repair or (at its discretion) replace Goods which are found to
be defective (fair wear and tear excepted) and which are returned to the Company
within 12 months of the date of despatch provided that each of the following
are satisfied:
Notification of any defect is given to the Company immediately upon its
becoming apparent to the Purchaser;
(ii)
The Goods have only been operated under normal operating conditions and
have only been subject to normal use (and in particular the Goods must have
been correctly connected and must not have been subject to high voltage or
to ionising radiation and must not have been used contrary to the Company’s
technical recommendations);
(iii)
The Goods are returned to the Company’s premises at the Purchaser’s expense;
(iv)
Any Goods or parts of Goods replaced shall become the property of the
Company;
(v)
No work whatsoever (other than normal and proper maintenance) has been
carried out to the Goods or any part of the Goods without the Company’s prior
written consent;
(vi)
The defect has not arisen from a design made, furnished or specified by the
Purchaser;
WA RR A N T Y
(i)
(vii) The Goods have been assembled or incorporated into other goods only in
accordance with any instructions issued by the Company;
(viii) The defect has not arisen from a design modified by the Purchaser;
(ix)
The defect has not arisen from an item manufactured by a person other than
the Company. In respect of any item manufactured by a person other than the
Company, the Purchaser shall only be entitled to the benefit of any warranty or
guarantee provided by such manufacturer to the Company.
(b)
In respect of computer software supplied by the Company the Company does not
warrant that the use of the software will be uninterrupted or error free.
(c)
The Company accepts liability:
(i)
For death or personal injury to the extent that it results from the negligence of
the Company, its employees (whilst in the course of their employment) or its
agents (in the course of the agency);
Redbox User Handbook No 3
i
WA R R A N T Y
WA RR A N T Y
(ii)
For any breach by the Company of any statutory undertaking as to title, quiet
possession and freedom from encumbrance.
(d)
Subject to conditions (a) and (c) from the time of despatch of the Goods from the
Company’s premises the Purchaser shall be responsible for any defect in the Goods
or loss, damage, nuisance or interference whatsoever consequential economic or
otherwise or wastage of material resulting from or caused by or to the Goods. In
particular the Company shall not be liable for any loss of profits or other economic
losses. The Company accordingly excludes all liability for the same.
(e)
At the request and expense of the Purchaser the Company will test the Goods to
ascertain performance levels and provide a report of the results of that test. The
report will be accurate at the time of the test, to the best of the belief and Knowledge
of the Company, and the Company accepts no liability in respect of its accuracy
beyond that set out in Condition (a).
(f )
Subject to Condition (e) no representation, condition, warranty or other term, express
or implied (by statute or otherwise) is given by the Company that the Goods are of
any particular quality or standard or will enable the Purchaser to attain any particular
performance or result, or will be suitable for any particular purpose or use under
specific conditions or will provide any particular capacity, notwithstanding that the
requirement for such performance, result or capacity or that such particular purpose
or conditions may have been known (or ought to have been known) to the Company,
its employees or agents.
(g)
(i)
To the extent that the Company is held legally liable to the Purchaser for any
single breach of contract, tort, representation or other act or default, the
Company’s liability for the same shall not exceed the Price of the Goods.
(ii)
The restriction of liability in Condition (g)(i) shall not apply to any liability
accepted by the Seller in Condition (c).
(h)
Where the Goods are sold under a consumer transaction (as defined by the
Consumer Transactions (Restrictions on Statements) Order 1976) the statutory
rights of the Purchaser are not affected by these Conditions of Sale.
Unpacking the Redbox
The Redbox is shipped with the following equipment. Please check your packaging to
ensure that you have all of the items below. If anything is missing, please contact the
supplier of your equipment immediately.
Item
Redbox audio interface
IEC Mains lead fitted with moulded mains plug
Handbook and warranty card
Quantity
1
1
1
Fig A: Packing List.
ii
Redbox User Handbook No 3
S A F E T Y & I N S TA L L AT I O N
INFORMATION
Each Redbox is shipped in protective packaging and should be inspected for damage before
use. Where an item is found to have transit damage, notify the carrier immediately with all
the relevant details of the shipment. Packing materials should be kept for inspection and
also for if the product needs to be returned.
Returning the Warranty Card
In order to register the date of purchase so that we can keep you informed of any design
improvements or modifications, it is important to complete the warranty registration
document that is enclosed and return it to Sonifex Ltd in the UK, or register online at
www.sonifex.co.uk/register
Serial Number
………………………………………
Safety Information
Safety of Mains Operated Equipment
This equipment has been designed to meet the safety regulations currently advised
in the country of purchase and it conforms to the safety regulations specified by
use of the CE Mark.
Warning : There are no user serviceable parts inside the equipment. If you should ever
need to look inside the unit, always disconnect the mains supply before removing the
equipment covers.
Voltage Setting Checks
Ensure that the machine operating voltage is correct for your mains power supply by
checking the box in which your Redbox was supplied. The voltage is shown on the box label.
The available voltage settings are 115V, or 230V. Please note that all Redboxes are either
switchable between 115V and 230V, or have a universal power supply.
Fuse Rating
S A F E T Y & I N S TA L L AT I O N I N F O R M AT I O N
For your own records you should write down the serial number (which can be found on the
rear of the Redbox).
The Redboxes are supplied with a single fuse in the live conducting path of the power
infeed at the power supply. For reasons of safety it is important that the correct rating
and type of fuse is used. Incorrectly rated fuses could present a possible fire hazard, under
equipment fault conditions. See the Technical Specifications of each product for the fuse
rating. The active fuse is fitted on the outside rear panel of the unit.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
iii
S A F E T Y & I N S TA L L AT I O N
INFORMATION
Power Cable and Connection
S A F E T Y & I N S TA L L AT I O N I N F O R M AT I O N
An IEC power connector is supplied with the Redbox, which has a moulded plug, attached
– this is a legal requirement. If no moulded plug has been supplied with your Redbox, please
contact your supplier, because an IEC connector is always supplied from the Sonifex factory.
If for any reason, you need to use the Redbox with a different power cable, you should use
the following wiring guidelines:
Wire Colour
Green, or green and yellow
Blue, or Black
Brown, or Red
Connection
Earth (E)
Neutral (N)
Live (L)
Fig B: Mains Cable Wire Colours
Ordering the Correct Mains Lead
When ordering a Redbox from Sonifex, it is helpful if you can specify your required
operating voltage and mains lead. After the product code add:
UK, for 230V, UK 3 pin to IEC lead
EC, for 230V, European Schuko 2 pin to IEC lead
US, for 115V, 3 pin to IEC lead
AU for 230V, Australasian 3 pin to IEC lead
Fig C: Mains Lead Table.
E.g. order RB-MA1 UK for a UK IEC lead to be supplied.
Installation Information
Atmosphere
The units should be installed in an area that is not subject to excessive temperature
variation (<0°C, >50°C), moisture, dust or vibration.
Electromagnetic Radiation
The cover is connected to earth by means of the fixing screws. It is essential to maintain
this earth ground connection to ensure a safe operating environment and provide
electromagnetic shielding.
Fitting Redboxes
Redboxes can be fixed to the underside of a mixing desk, or other surfaces using 4.2mm
holes in the sides and fixed with 2 x M4 screws or 2 x No. 6 countersink wood screws.
iv
Redbox User Handbook No 3
S A F E T Y & I N S TA L L AT I O N
INFORMATION
They can also be rack-mounted, with either the front, or rear of the Redbox positioned at the
front of the rack:
Front Mounting Redboxes: For rack mounting smaller (28cm) units the optional RB-RK1
(Red) or RB-RK1B (Black) kit can be used (which include 4 off M6 panel fixing screws).
Fig D: RB-RK1Small Redbox Front Rack-mount Kit .
Rear Mounting Redboxes: For rear panel mounting you can use either the RB-RK2, or
RB-RK3, depending on the size of your Redbox.
RB-RK2 1U rear panel rack kit for small Redbox range, e.g., RB-BL2
Fig E: RB-RK2 Small Redbox Rear Rack-mount Kit.
e.g. for fitting an RB-BL2:
Wherever you see this symbol an RB-RK2 small Redbox rear panel 19” rack kit can be used :
RB-RK3 1U rear panel rack kit for large Redbox range, e.g., RB-DA6
Fig F: RB-RK3 Large Redbox Rear Rack-mount Kit.
S A F E T Y & I N S TA L L AT I O N I N F O R M AT I O N
Wherever you see this symbol an RB-RK1 front panel rack kit can be used :
e.g. for fitting an RB-DA6:
Wherever you see this symbol an RB-RK3 large Redbox rear panel 19” rack kit can be used :
Note: When fitting the rear-mounting rack-kits, a notch has been
left on the inside of the right-hand rack-piece for the mains cable to
pass through. Make sure that the mains cable has been put through
the notch before attaching the right hand rack-piece.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
v
S A F E T Y & I N S TA L L AT I O N
INFORMATION
WEEE & RoHS Directives - Sonifex Statement
S A F E T Y & I N S TA L L AT I O N I N F O R M AT I O N
The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive was agreed on
13 February 2003, along with the related Directive 2002/95/EC on Restrictions
of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic
equipment (RoHS).
The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) aims to minimise the
impacts of electrical and electronic equipment on the environment during their life times
and when they become waste. It applies to a huge spectrum of products. It encourages
and sets criteria for the collection, treatment, recycling and recovery of waste electrical and
electronic equipment. All products manufactured by Sonifex Ltd have the WEEE directive
label placed on the case. It gives a contact for individuals who are unsure about the correct
procedure when the product has reached its “end of use”.
Sonifex Ltd will be happy to give you information about local organisations that can
reprocess the products, or alternatively all products that have reached “end of use” can be
returned to Sonifex and will be reprocessed correctly free of charge.
Sonifex Ltd has phased out the use of certain hazardous substances identified in the
European Union’s Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) directive. The RoHS directive
limits the use of certain hazardous substances currently used in EEE manufacture, including
lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, and halide-containing compounds PBB
(polybrominated biphenyl) and PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ether). Elimination of these
substances will result in more environmentally friendly recycling of electronic equipment.
For the products which Sonifex manufacture, the main area where products were affected
was in the use of lead for manufacturing and assembling electronics circuit boards.
Sonifex Ltd practices lead-free (LF) manufacturing processes. LF solder is used on the
surface-mount PCB manufacturing processes and for hand soldering. The printed circuit
boards (PCBs) used are either gold plated, or immersion tin plated, both of which use no
lead. Historically the PCBs were hot air solder levelled (HASL) PCBs which used tin/lead
based solder.
The manufacturing processes include the assembly of purchased components from various
sources. Product is offered as RoHS compliant, or LF, only after sufficient evidence is received
from the component manufacturers that their components are RoHS compliant. Sonifex
Ltd relies solely on the distributor, or manufacturer, of the components for identification of
RoHS compliance. Thus whilst every effort is made to ensure compliance, Sonifex Ltd makes
no warranty, or certification, or declaration of compliance concerning said components.
Sonifex Ltd defines “Lead Free” as pertaining to any product, which has been manufactured
by Sonifex Ltd using components which have been declared by the manufacturers as
“Lead Free”. All statements by Sonifex Ltd of RoHS compliance are based on component
manufacturer documentation.
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Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
1
1 RB-SS10 10 Way Stereo Analogue Source Selector/Mixer
Introduction
Fig 1-1: RB-SS10 Front Panel.
As well as being able to act as a source select module, the RB-SS10 can act as a mixer, by
enabling the mix mode (using the remote input).
The gain for left and right inputs can be individually adjusted by using the preset
potentiometers on the front panel.
As well as routing the selected audio signal, the unit will also route a remote signal input
through the remote connector to the selected input source, for starting external audio
equipment such as a CD player.
The front panel headphone output has its own volume control, which is independent of
the level adjustment for the main outputs, and has a maximum output level of +12dBu. The
volume control can be made to also alter the output level of the main XLR outputs by using
a switch on the rear panel to enable/disable this feature.
There is a designation strip on the front panel, useful for giving the buttons a meaningful
description. The strip covers the input gain controls so that once configured, they can’t
easily be altered – ideal for installation work.
The LED on the front panel is used to indicate that power is present on the unit.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
The RB-SS10 10 Way Stereo Analogue Source Selector/Mixer is a 1U rack-mount unit that
produces a stereo analogue audio output from 10 selectable stereo analogue sources. There
are 10 illuminated front panel push buttons, which select and indicate the current channel
selection. The selection and indication is also available through a remote connector on the
rear panel. To stop accidental front panel selection there is a remote input to inhibit the
front panel buttons.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
System Block Diagram
Inputs
1
L
Remote
Start I/O
R
Push Button
Switches
Mix Mode
L
Remote
Start In
2
Front Panel
Inhibit
R
Audio
Inputs
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Remote Select/
Switch Inputs
Status
Outputs
MCU
Audio
Inputs
3-6
Input Gain
Stage
Outputs
Volume
x10
L
Audio
Inputs
7-10
Headphone
Outputs
R
L
Analogue
Switches
Outputs
R
Fig 1-2: RB-SS10 System Block Diagram.
Front Panel Indicators & Controls
Illuminated
Push Buttons
Power LED
Indication
Fig 1-3: RB-SS10 Front Panel.
Front Panel
Gain Controls
Underneath
Designation Strip
Headphone
Output
Volume
Control
Illuminated Push Buttons
The front panel contains 10 illuminated push buttons, used for selecting an analogue
source. The push button illuminates when the input is selected. The status of pin 12 on the
remote connector determines whether the unit is in the selector mode, or the mix mode.
When pin 12 is connected to 0V, mix mode is enabled.
In selector mode, one push of a button will select the desired analogue stereo source and
pushing the button again will turn it off.
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1
In mix mode, each button you press will select that source allowing multiple sources to be
mixed to a single output. Pressing the button again will switch off a source.
There is also a remote input to inhibit the front panel switches. When the front panel inhibit
is active, pressing the front panel switches has no effect on the current channel selection.
Front Panel Gain Controls
The input gain can be individually adjusted for left and right channels through pre-set
potentiometers which are accessible through the front panel. The gain range of the input is
-8dBu to +20dBu.
Volume Control
The volume control is used to alter the headphone output. It can also be used to alter the
main XLR output levels by using a rear panel switch to enable/disable the control.
Additional Modes
An option to set the unit in different modes of operation is available and can be configured
at anytime while the unit is powered.
There are currently three modes of operation: Alternate mode, Latched mode and Protected
Alternate mode: Alternate Mode
In this mode the channels are selected and deselected by a press of the button, as described
previously.
Latched Mode
In this mode the selected channel is active only while the button is pressed. As soon as
button is released the channel becomes inactive.
Protected Alternate Mode
Operates in a similar manner to the Alternate mode, but a channel cannot be turned off
unless switching to another input or while operating in mix-mode and there is more than
one channel active. In other words, there will always be a channel routed to the output.
NOTE: after setting this mode there will be no channel selected.
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Headphone Output
The front panel headphone output is a ¼” stereo jack socket and is designed to drive
150mW into 32Ω - 600Ω professional headphones.
Configuring the Additional Modes
While the unit is powered, hold down the input 10 button and press the input 5 button
five times. Once completed, the input 10 button will start to flash and the first 3 input
buttons will display the current operating mode (as shown below). To change the mode,
simply press the input 10 and the buttons will indicate the newly selected mode. Once the
required operating mode has been set the unit will restart within five seconds from the last
button press.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
INPUT 1 button on
=
Alternate mode
INPUT 2 button on
=
Latched mode
INPUT 3 button on
=
Protected Alternate mode
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Master
Output
Control
Outputs
Input 1
Additional
Audio Input
Connects
Input 2
Remote Select/
Switch Inputs
Status
Outputs
Remote
Start I/O
Fig 1-4: RB-SS10 Rear Panel.
Inputs
Two of the stereo analogue audio inputs are on XLR-3 pin sockets (female) so that they can
be used for equipment which you may want to plug/unplug on a regular basis and isn’t
pre-wired, e.g. portable recorders.
The four XLR-3 inputs can take balanced professional levels, or unbalanced by using the
front panel gain controls, and by connecting the non-phase to the signal ground. They have
the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Outputs
The two XLR 3 pin outputs are electronically balanced, and can be wired unbalanced. Each
output is individually buffered so that a short circuit on one output will not affect the others.
They have the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Altering the Master Output Level
When the Output Level Control push-switch is Enabled (pushed in) on the rear panel, it
changes the functionality of the front panel volume control to also alter the level of the
master output, as well as the headphone volume.
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1
RB-SS10 Additional Audio Input Connectors
There are 2 off 25 way D-type sockets (female) used for the remaining audio inputs.
The INPUTS 3 - 6 (upper) connector contains analogue inputs 3-6, and the INPUTS 7 – 10
(lower) connector contains analogue inputs 7-10.
Pin No.
INPUTS 3 - 6 connector
INPUTS 7 – 10 connector
Pin 1
I
Audio input 3 left phase
Audio input 7 left phase
Pin 2
-
Chassis ground
Chassis ground
Pin 3
I
Audio input 3 right non-phase
Audio input 7 right non-phase
Pin 4
I
Audio input 4 left phase
Audio input 8 left phase
Pin 5
-
Chassis ground
Chassis ground
Pin 6
I
Audio input 4 right non-phase
Audio input 8 right non-phase
Pin 7
I
Audio input 5 left phase
Audio input 9 left phase
Pin 8
-
Chassis ground
Chassis ground
Pin 9
I
Audio input 5 right non-phase
Audio input 9 right non-phase
Pin 10
I
Audio input 6 left phase
Audio input 10 left phase
Pin 11
-
Chassis ground
Chassis ground
Pin 12
I
Audio input 6 right non-phase
Audio input 10 right non-phase
Pin 13
-
No internal connection
No internal connection
Pin 14
I
Audio input 3 left non-phase
Audio input 7 left non-phase
Pin 15
I
Audio input 3 right phase
Audio input 7 right phase
Pin 16
-
Chassis ground
Chassis ground
Pin 17
I
Audio input 4 left non-phase
Audio input 8 left non-phase
Pin 18
I
Audio input 4 right phase
Audio input 8 right phase
Pin 19
-
Chassis ground
Chassis ground
Pin 20
I
Audio input 5 left non-phase
Audio input 9 left non-phase
Pin 21
I
Audio input 5 right phase
Audio input 9 right phase
Pin 22
-
Chassis ground
Chassis ground
Pin 23
I
Audio input 6 left non-phase
Audio input 10 left non-phase
Pin 24
I
Audio input 6 right phase
Audio input 10 right phase
Pin 25
-
Chassis ground
Chassis ground
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
I/O
Fig 1-5: Analogue Audio Inputs Pin Connections
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
RB-SS10 Remote Start I/O
This 25 way D-type plug (male) connector contains the remote start input connection and
the corresponding 10 opto-isolated remote start outputs. This is intended to be used as
a method for re-directing a remote start command using a single switch or mixer fader
start output, to selected equipment, i.e. CD player, or MD player, etc. This operates in both
selector mode and mix mode enabling a single switch to remotely control whichever source
is selected or mixed.
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Pin No.
I/O
Description
Pin 1
O
Start output 1 collector
Pin 2
O
Start output 2 collector
Pin 3
O
Start output 3 collector
Pin 4
O
Start output 4 collector
Pin 5
O
Start output 5 collector
Pin 6
O
Start output 6 collector
Pin 7
O
Start output 7 collector
Pin 8
O
Start output 8 collector
Pin 9
O
Start output 9 collector
Pin 10
O
Start output 10 collector
Pin 11
-
No internal connection
Pin 12
-
No internal connection
Pin 13
I
Remote start input signal
Pin 14
O
Start output 1 emitter
Pin 15
O
Start output 2 emitter
Pin 16
O
Start output 3 emitter
Pin 17
O
Start output 4 emitter
Pin 18
O
Start output 5 emitter
Pin 19
O
Start output 6 emitter
Pin 20
O
Start output 7 emitter
Pin 21
O
Start output 8 emitter
Pin 22
O
Start output 9 emitter
Pin 23
O
Start output 10 emitter
Pin 24
-
No internal connection
Pin 25
-
Signal ground
Fig 1-6: Remote Start Pin Connections.
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1
The collector connects to the start pin of the equipment, and the emitter connects to the
common pin of the equipment.
Start Output
Collector 1 to 10
(Pins 1 to 10)
Play
Command
Start Output
Emitter 1 to 10
(Pins 14 to 23)
Command
Common
Remote Select/Switch Inputs
This 25 way D-type socket (female) connector contains the front panel inhibit input
connection and the remote switch inputs to control the channel selection.
Pin No.
I/O
Description
Pin 1
I
Remote input 1 – active low to ground
Pin 2
I
Remote input 2 – active low to ground
Pin 3
I
Remote input 3 – active low to ground
Pin 4
I
Remote input 4 – active low to ground
Pin 5
I
Remote input 5 – active low to ground
Pin 6
I
Remote input 6 – active low to ground
Pin 7
I
Remote input 7 – active low to ground
Pin 8
I
Remote input 8 – active low to ground
Pin 9
I
Remote input 9 – active low to ground
Pin 10
I
Remote input 10 – active low to ground
Pin 11
I
Front panel inhibit signal – active low to ground
Pin 12
I
Mix Mode – active low to ground
Pin 13
-
No internal connection
Pins 14 to 25
-
Signal ground
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Fig 1-7: Connection Example.
Fig 1-8: Remote Select/Switch Input Connections.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
All of the active low signals have internal pull-ups.
Remote Inputs 1 to 10
Front Panel Inhibit Mix Mode
(Pins 1 to 12)
Signal Ground
(Pins 14 to 24)
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Fig 1-9: Connection Example.
Status Outputs
This 25 way D-type socket (female) connector contains the remote status tallies.
Pin No.
Signal Name
Pin 1
REMTALLY1
I/O
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 1
Description
Pin 2
REMTALLY2
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 2
Pin 3
REMTALLY3
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 3
Pin 4
REMTALLY4
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 4
Pin 5
REMTALLY5
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 5
Pin 6
REMTALLY6
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 6
Pin 7
REMTALLY7
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 7
Pin 8
REMTALLY8
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 8
Pin 9
REMTALLY9
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 9
Pin 10
REMTALLY10
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 10
Pin 11
N/C
-
No internal connection
Pin 12
N/C
-
No internal connection
Pin 13
GND
-
Signal ground
Pins 14 to 23
+5V
O
To supply up to a maximum of 500mA
Pin 24
N/C
-
No internal connection
Pin 25
N/C
-
No internal connection
Fig 1-10: Status Output Pin Connections.
Pins 1 to 10 are to replicate the front panel push button indicators and have a maximum
sink current of 100mA per pin. An example of how to connect the signals is shown below.
Pins 11, 12, 24 and 25 have no connection inside the unit.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
1
+5V
(Pins 14 to 23)
Remote Tally 1 to 10
(Pins 1 to 10)
Fig 1-11: Connection Example.
Audio Specifications
Input Impedance:
20kΩ bridging
Output Impedance:
<50Ω
Maximum Input Level:
+28dBu
Maximum Output Level:
+28dBu
Frequency Response:
20Hz to 20kHz ±0.1dB (600Ω load, ref 1kHz)
Input Gain Range:
Adjustable 8dB loss to 20dB gain (L & R adjust).
Common Mode Rejection:
>66dB typically
Noise:
-96dB unity gain ref +8dBu
Max Headphone Output Level: +12dBu
Connections
Inputs:
4 x XLR 3 pin female (2 x stereo) (balanced, can be
unbalanced)
2 x 25 way D-type socket (female) (4 stereo balanced
channels on each)
Outputs:
2 x XLR 3 pin male (stereo balanced, can be unbalanced)
Remote Start I/O:
25 way D-type plug (male)
Remote Select/ Switch Inputs:
25 way D-type socket (female)
Status Outputs:
25 way D-type socket (female)
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110V-120V, or 220-240V switchable, fused,
6W maximum.
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 160mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 315mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Technical Specifications RB-SS10
9
1
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
Equipment Type
RB-SS10:
10 way stereo analogue source selector/mixer
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Physical Specifications
10
Dimensions (Raw):
48cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
19” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
53cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
21” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett:
Nett:
1.5kg
3.3lbs
Gross:
Gross:
2.0kg
4.4lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
2
2 RB-DSS10 10 Way Stereo Digital Source Selector
Introduction
Fig 2-1: RB-DSS10 Front Panel.
The digital receivers in this unit are fully 24 bit, 96kHz capable. When an input is selected
from the front panel, or remotely, the unit will attempt to capture the incoming signal
on either the AES/EBU or the S/PDIF signal inputs, with priority given to the AES/EBU
input. If the AES/EBU signal becomes locked while the S/PDIF signal is routed, the unit will
automatically switch to the incoming AES/EBU signal.
Once the receiver has successfully locked to a digital input, the LED illuminates, the tally
is made, and the audio is routed simultaneously to both the digital audio outputs and
converted to analogue audio for monitoring on the front panel headphone socket. If the
incoming audio signal is not present, the push button LED and remote tally flash to indicate
that the incoming digital signal is missing.
The headphone output has its own volume control, which is independent of the level
adjustment for the main outputs, and has a maximum output level of +12dBu.
As well as routing the selected audio signal, the unit will also route a remote signal input
through the remote connector to the selected input source, for starting external audio
equipment, such as a CD player.
There is a designation strip on the front panel, useful for giving the buttons a meaningful
description.
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
The RB-DSS10 10 Way stereo Digital Source Selector is a 1U rack-mount which produces
an AES/EBU and S/PDIF level digital audio output from 10 selectable AES/EBU or S/PDIF
digital input signals. There are 10 illuminated front panel push buttons, which select and
indicate the current channel selection. The selection and indication is also available through
a remote connector on the rear panel. To stop accidental front panel selection there is a
remote input to inhibit the front panel buttons.
The LED on the front panel is used to indicate that power is present on the unit. However, it
also has a secondary role to indicate whether the selected channel is routing the AES/EBU
(red LED) or S/PDIF input (amber LED).
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
System Block Diagram
Remote Start I/O
Remote Select/
Switch Inputs
Push Button
Switches
Remote
Start In
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
Inputs
AES/
EBU
Data
Selector
MCU
Data
Selector
Status
Outputs
Volume
Control
AES
Receiver
Outputs
Data
Selector
AES
Receiver
S/PDIF
Headphone
Output
DAC
AES
Transmitter
AES/
EBU
S/PDIF
Output
Fig 2-2: RB-DSS10 System Block Diagram.
Front Panel Indicators & Controls
Power LED
Indication
Illuminated
Push Buttons
Headphone
Output
Volume
Control
Fig 2-3: RB-DSS10 Front Panel.
Power Indicator
The LED on the front panel is used to indicate that power is present on the unit. However, it
also has a secondary role to indicate whether the selected channel is routing the AES/EBU or
S/PDIF input:
Red indicates AES/EBU input.
Amber indicates S/PDIF input.
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The LED and remote tally flash, if the incoming audio signal is not present, to indicate that
the incoming digital signal is missing.
Illuminated Push Buttons
The front panel contains 10 illuminated push buttons, used for selecting a digital source.
The push button illuminates when the input is selected and flashes when the selected input
loses lock.
There is also a remote input to inhibit the front panel switches. When the front panel inhibit
is active, pressing the front panel switches has no effect on the current channel selection.
Volume Control
The headphone output has its own volume control and has a maximum output level of
+12dBu.
Additional Modes
An option to set the unit in different modes of operation is available and can be configured
at anytime while the unit is powered.
There are currently three modes of operation: Alternate mode, Latched mode and Protected
Alternate mode: Alternate Mode
In this mode the channels are selected and deselected by a press of the button, as described
previously.
Latched Mode
In this mode the selected channel is active only while the button is pressed. As soon as
button is released the channel becomes inactive.
Protected Alternate Mode
Operates in a similar manner to the Alternate mode, but a channel cannot be turned off
unless switching to another input. In other words, there will always be a channel routed to
the output. NOTE: after setting this mode there will be no channel selected.
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
Headphone Output
The output available on the front panel through a ¼” stereo jack socket, is designed to drive
150 mW into 32Ωto 600Ω professional headphones.
Select & Confirm Mode
In this mode, input button 10 acts as a CONFIRM button for input selection 1 to 9. Once one
of the inputs is pressed, this selection will then flash along with button 10. You must press
button 10 within 5 seconds to confirm the selection or the original input selection times out.
Only inputs 1 to 9 are selectable and there is always an input channel routed in this mode.
NOTE: Initially, after setting this mode there will be no input selected.
Configuring the Additional Modes
While the unit is powered, hold down the input 10 button and press the input 5 button
five times. Once completed, the input 10 button will start to flash and the first 3 input
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
buttons will display the current operating mode (as shown below). To change the mode,
simply press the input 10 and the buttons will indicate the newly selected mode. Once the
required operating mode has been set the unit will restart within five seconds from the last
button press.
INPUT 1 button on
=
Alternate mode
INPUT 2 button on
=
Latched mode
INPUT 3 button on
=
Protected Alternate mode
INPUT 4 button on
=
Select & Confirm mode
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
AES/EBU
Inputs
Remote
Start I/O
AES/EBU
Output
Digital Audio
Inputs & S/PDIF
Output
Remote Select/
Switch Inputs
Status
Outputs
Fig 2-4: RB-DSS10 Rear Panel.
RB-DSS10 Inputs
AES/EBU Inputs
The 8 digital input XLR 3 pin sockets have an impedance of 110Ω. They have the following
connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
The signals on this connector should meet the IEC 60968 specification
RB-DSS10 Outputs
AES/EBU Outputs
The digital output XLR 3 pin socket has an impedance of 110Ω. It has the following
connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
The signals on these connectors will comply with the IEC 60968 specification
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Digital Audio Inputs & S/PDIF Output
This connector contains the other two remaining professional AES/EBU input connections,
and the 10 S/PDIF input connections. It also has the S/PDIF digital output. The S/PDIF
digital inputs and the output have an impedance of 75Ω.
Pin No.
I/O
Description
I
AES/EBU input 9 signal phase
Pin 2
-
Signal ground
Pin 3
I
AES/EBU input 10 signal non-phase
Pin 4
I
S/PDIF input 1 signal
Pin 5
I
S/PDIF input 2 signal
Pin 6
I
S/PDIF input 3 signal
Pin 7
I
S/PDIF input 4 signal
Pin 8
I
S/PDIF input 5 signal
Pin 9
I
S/PDIF input 6 signal
Pin 10
I
S/PDIF input 7 signal
Pin 11
I
S/PDIF input 8 signal
Pin 12
I
S/PDIF input 9 signal
Pin 13
I
S/PDIF input 10 signal
Pin 14
I
AES/EBU input 9 signal non-phase
Pin 15
I
AES/EBU input 10 signal phase
Pins 16 to 23
-
Signal ground
Pin 24
O
S/PDIF output signal
Pin 25
-
Signal ground
Fig 2-5: Digital Audio Inputs and S/PDIF Output Pin Connections.
Note: The actual phase of the AES/EBU signals is not relevant.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
Pin 1
15
2
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
Remote Start I/O
This 25 way D-type plug (male) connector contains the remote start input connection and
the corresponding 10 opto-isolated remote start outputs.
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
Pin No.
I/O
Description
Pin 1
O
Start output 1 collector
Pin 2
O
Start output 2 collector
Pin 3
O
Start output 3 collector
Pin 4
O
Start output 4 collector
Pin 5
O
Start output 5 collector
Pin 6
O
Start output 6 collector
Pin 7
O
Start output 7 collector
Pin 8
O
Start output 8 collector
Pin 9
O
Start output 9 collector
Pin 10
O
Start output 10 collector
Pin 11
-
No internal connection
Pin 12
-
No internal connection
Pin 13
I
Remote start input signal
Pin 14
O
Start output 1 emitter
Pin 15
O
Start output 2 emitter
Pin 16
O
Start output 3 emitter
Pin 17
O
Start output 4 emitter
Pin 18
O
Start output 5 emitter
Pin 19
O
Start output 6 emitter
Pin 20
O
Start output 7 emitter
Pin 21
O
Start output 8 emitter
Pin 22
O
Start output 9 emitter
Pin 23
O
Start output 10 emitter
Pin 24
-
No internal connection
Pin 25
-
Signal ground
Fig 2-6: Remote Start Pin Connections.
These signals should be connected to external equipment, such as a CD player (as shown
following). The collector connects to the start pin of the equipment, and the emitter
connects to the common pin of the equipment.
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Start Output
Collector 1 to 10
(Pins 1 to 10)
Play
Command
Start Output
Emitter 1 to 10
(Pins 14 to 23)
Command
Common
2
Fig 2-7: Connection Example.
Pin No.
I/O
Description
Pin 1
I
Remote input 1 – active low
Pin 2
I
Remote input 2 – active low
Pin 3
I
Remote input 3 – active low
Pin 4
I
Remote input 4 – active low
Pin 5
I
Remote input 5 – active low
Pin 6
I
Remote input 6 – active low
Pin 7
I
Remote input 7 – active low
Pin 8
I
Remote input 8 – active low
Pin 9
I
Remote input 9 – active low
Pin 10
I
Remote input 10 – active low
Pin 11
I
Front panel inhibit signal – active low
Pin 12
-
No internal connection
Pin 13
-
No internal connection
Pins 14 to 24
-
Signal ground
Pin 25
-
No internal connection
Fig 2-8: Remote Select/Switch Input Connections.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
Remote Select/Switch Inputs
This 25 way D-type socket (female) connector contains the front panel inhibit input
connection and the remote switch inputs to control the channel selection.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SS10
Status Outputs
This 25 way D-type socket (female) connector contains the remote status tallies.
Pin No.
Signal Name
I/O
Description
Pin 1
REMTALLY1
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 1
Pin 2
REMTALLY2
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 2
Pin 3
REMTALLY3
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 3
Pin 4
REMTALLY4
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 4
Pin 5
REMTALLY5
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 5
Pin 6
REMTALLY6
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 6
Pin 7
REMTALLY7
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 7
Pin 8
REMTALLY8
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 8
Pin 9
REMTALLY9
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 9
Pin 10
REMTALLY10
O
Internal open collector to ground for output 10
Pin 11
N/C
-
No internal connection
Pin 12
N/C
-
No internal connection
Pin 13
GND
-
Signal ground
Pins 14 to 23
+5V
O
To supply up to a maximum of 100mA
Pin 24
N/C
-
No internal connection
Pin 25
N/C
-
No internal connection
Fig 2-9: Status Output Pin Connections.
Pins 1 to 10 are to replicate the front panel push button indicators. An example of how to
connect the signals is shown below.
Pins 11, 12, 24 and 25 have no connection inside the unit.
+5V
(Pins 14 to 23)
Remote Tally 1 to 10
(Pins 1 to 10)
Fig 2-10: Connection Example.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
2
Technical Specifications RB-DSS10
Audio Specifications
110Ω ±20% balanced (AES/EBU)
Input Impedance:
75Ω ±5% unbalanced (S/PDIF)
Output Impedance:
110Ω ±20% balanced (AES/EBU)
Output Impedance:
75Ω ±5% unbalanced (S/PDIF)
Signal Level:
3V/10V peak to peak min/max (AES/EBU)
0.5V ±20% peak to peak (S/PDIF)
Sample Freq Range:
30-100kHz (i.e. including 32kHz, 44.1kHz, 48kHz, 64kHz,
88.2kHz and 96kHz), following input signal
Bit Depth:
16 - 24 bits, following input signal
Max Headphone Output Level: +12dBu
Audio Connections
Audio Inputs:
8 x AES/EBU XLR 3 pin female
2 x AES/EBU (part of 1 x 25 way D-type plug)
10 x S/PDIF (part of 1 x 25 way D-type plug)
Audio Outputs:
1 x AES/EBU XLR 3 pin male
1 x S/PDIF (part of 1 x 25 way D-type plug)
Other Connections
Remote Start I/O:
1 x 25 way D-type plug (male)
Remote Input Select
& Switch Inputs:
1 x 25 way D-type socket (female)
Status Outputs:
1 x 25 way D-type socket (female)
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, continuously rated 85-264VAC @
47-63Hz, max 10W
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 1A 20 x 5mm
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
Input Impedance:
19
2
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
Equipment Type
RB-DSS10
10 way stereo digital source selector
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -DSS10
Physical Specifications
20
Dimensions (Raw):
48cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
19” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
53cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
21” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett:
Nett:
1.6kg
3.5lbs
Gross:
Gross:
2.2kg
4.8lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
3
3
RB-PMX4 10 Input, 4 Output Analogue Preset Mixer
Introduction
Fig 3-1: RB-PMX4 Front Panel .
The RB-PMX4 has been designed for situations where a small mixer is needed for
installations where it will be configured and then only altered occasionally, or never altered.
Uses for this product are numerous including a four bus mini-mixer, a 4 zone mixer for pubs
and clubs, a multiple clean-feed generator and a quad stereo to mono converter to name
a few.
The XLR-3 inputs and outputs are electronically balanced and can be wired unbalanced.
Each output is individually buffered so that a short circuit on one won’t affect the others.
Each input has its own gain control which is a pre-set potentiometer accessible through the
front panel. This provides gain adjustment of -8dB to 18db. This is useful for normalizing
consumer and professional signals to give outputs of -15dBu and 0dBu respectively.
The front panel is held on by 2 off M3 x 6 stainless steel dome-head screws and can be
removed using a 2mm AF hex key (allen key). Each 10-way switch represents an output and
the individual switches represent the inputs that will be mixed to that output. Switches are
in the ON (down) position to be mixed and the OFF (up) position for off.
The XLR-3 outputs are electronically balanced and can be wired unbalanced. Each output is
individually buffered so that a short circuit on one won’t affect the others.
An LED power indicator on the front panel displays the power supply connection.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -PMX4
The RB-PMX4 is a high performance 10 mono input to 4 mono output preset mixer. Each of
the four outputs has a 10 way DIP switch associated with it to select which of the 10 inputs
are routed to it. So, by altering the DIP switches, any of the input sources can be mixed to
any of the outputs. The DIP switches are enclosed by a screw-on cover on the front panel so
that the settings can not be accidentally changed for secure applications.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
System Block Diagram
Balanced XLR
Input 1
Gain
Balanced XLR
Input 2
Gain
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -PMX4
Balanced XLR
Input 3
Gain
Output 1
Switch Bank
Balanced XLR
Input 4
Output 2
Switch Bank
Gain
Balanced XLR
Output 1
Balanced XLR
Input 5
Balanced XLR
Output 2
Gain
Balanced XLR
Input 6
Gain
Balanced XLR
Input 7
Gain
Balanced XLR
Input 8
Gain
Output 3
Switch Bank
Balanced XLR
Input 9
Gain
Output 4
Switch Bank
Balanced XLR
Output 3
Balanced XLR
Input 10
Balanced XLR
Output 4
Gain
Fig 3-2: RB-PMX4 Block Diagram.
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Inputs
Outputs
Fig 3-3: RB-PMX4 Rear Panel.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
3
Inputs 1-10
The XLR-3 input sockets can take balanced professional levels, or unbalanced by using the
front panel gain controls, and by connecting the non-phase to the signal ground screen. The
XLR 3 pin input has the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Front Panel Controls
1
Switch Banks
2
3
INPUT LEVEL
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Input Gain Controls
Fig 3-4: RB-PMX4 Front Panel Controls.
Switch Banks
There are 4 off 10-way switch banks, one for each output. Using these switches, each
input channel can be individually selected to each output. When the switches are up (OFF)
position, they are off and mixed when in the down (ON) position.
Input Gain Controls
The gain for each input may be individually varied from –8dB to 18dB by adjusting
the pre-set potentiometers, which are accessible through the holes in the front panel.
This is useful for normalising consumer and professional signals to give outputs of –15dBu
and 0dBu respectively.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -PMX4
Outputs 1-4
The XLR 3 pin output plugs are electronically balanced, and can be wired unbalanced. Each
output is individually buffered so that a short circuit on one output will not affect the others.
They have the following connections:
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
Technical Specifications RB-PMX4
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -PMX4
Audio Specifications
Maximum Input Level:
+28dBu
Input Impedance:
>20kΩ balanced bridging
Maximum Output Level:
+28dBu
Output Impedance:
<50Ω
Frequency Response:
20Hz to 20kHz ±0.1dBu (600 Ω load, @ 1kHz)
Input Gain Range:
Adjustable 8dBu loss to 18dBu gain.
Common Mode Rejection:
>60dBu typically
Off-isolation/Crosstalk:
>90dBu @ 1kHz
Noise:
-86dBu RMS 22Hz-22kHz, unity gain, ref +8dB
Distortion:
<0.01% @ 1kHz, 0dBu to +26dBu
Connections
Inputs:
10 x XLR 3 pin female (Balanced, can be unbalanced)
Outputs:
4 x XLR 3 pin male (Balanced, can be unbalanced)
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110V-120V, or 220-240V switchable, fused,
6W maximum
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Equipment Type
RB-PMX4:
10 input, 4 output analogue preset mixer
Physical Specifications
24
Dimensions (Raw):
48cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
19” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
53cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
21” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett: 1.5kg
Nett: 3.3lbs
Gross:
Gross:
2.2kg
4.8lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
4
4 RB-SSML1 Mic/Line Source Selector with Compressor Limiter
Introduction
Mic
Volume
Line
Volume
LED Metering
Threshold
Headphone
Control
Outputs
Compression
Control
Headphone
Volume
Fig 4-1: RB-SSML1 Front Panel.
The RB-SSML1 is a 1U rack-mountable source selector for compressing or limiting an
incoming microphone or stereo line signal and mixing this signal with a stereo monitor
input, which can then be metered and mixed to two headphone outputs. The unit is mainly
used in situations where level control is required, for example in voiceover applications.
The mic input consists of an independent low-noise microphone pre-amplifier for
converting microphone level signals to a line level. There are independent switches to
control a high pass filter (low frequency roll-off at 125Hz) and to provide phantom power at
+48V to the connected microphone. A preset pot on the rear panel allows adjustment of the
mic gain from 36dB to 75dB.
A front panel switch selects between mic and line inputs. Both mic and line inputs have fully
adjustable volume control via front panel pots, with the line input having an additional 10dB
gain increase via a switch on the rear panel for use with unbalanced equipment. The mono
mic input is converted to a stereo signal before being passed to the compressor/limiter.
The XLR-3 stereo monitor input has an adjustable volume control via a back panel recessed
pot, and has an additional 10dB gain increase via a switch on the rear panel, for use with
unbalanced equipment. The audio on this input is only present on the headphone outputs,
and is therefore suitable as a return feed from a codec, a PC audio output, or similar
equipment.
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SSML1
Mic/Line Bypass
Select Switch Switch
The compression ratio and threshold limits of the compressor/limiter section are fully
adjustable via linear pots situated on the front panel. The threshold can be set between
-30dBu and +20dBu. When the input signal rises above the threshold level a soft-knee
compression is applied at the selected ratio. The compressor has an attack time of
approximately 20ms and a release time of approx 400ms, and can operate at ratios of 1:1
(no compression) to ∞:1 (limiting). A front panel BYPASS switch can be used, where no
compression is applied. A rear-panel DIPswitch allows compression only to be applied to the
mic input and not the stereo line input.
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
The metering is carried out after the compressor/limiter section and consists of two rows
of 12 round LEDs showing levels between -17dB and +11dB. An internal jumper allows the
metering to follow either the stereo output, or the headphone monitor outputs and a rear
panel DIPswitch can disable the peak hold display.
The headphone output volume control is on the front panel. Each headphone output is
designed to drive 150 mW into 32Ω to 600Ω stereo headphones.
An LED power indicator on the front panel displays the power supply connection.
System Block Diagram
Mic L.F. Filter
Phantom
Power (48V)
Mic.
Volume
Threshold
Compression
Analogue
Switch
Fixed
Gain
Gain L.F. Filter
Phantom In/Out
On/Off
Fixed Gain
Stereo
Line
Compressor
Controls
Line Volume R
R
Stereo
Output
Fixed
Gain
LED Level
Jumper Meter Drivers
Line Volume L
L
Jumper
Peak
Hold
On/Off
Fixed Gain
Line Volume L
Stereo
Monitor
M
L
Volume
Stereo Jack
Output
Fixed Gain
Line Volume R
R
M
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SSML1
The XLR-3 stereo line output can be fed from either the mic or line input, but not the stereo
monitor input. The line output is electronically balanced and can be wired unbalanced
by grounding the non-phase signal, allowing you to feed both balanced and unbalanced
equipment. A pushbutton switch is provided to reduce the output by 10dB for this purpose.
Fixed Gain
Audio Output
Amplifier
Stereo Jack
Output
Fig 4-2: RB-SSML1 Block Diagram.
Rear Panel Connections
Stereo
Monitor
Inputs
Monitor
Volume
Monitor
Gain Pad
Mic Mic
Input Gain
Option
Switches
Stereo Line
Inputs
Stereo Line
Gain Pad
Stereo
Outputs
Stereo Output
Gain Pad
Fig 4-3: RB-SSML1 Rear Panel.
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Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
4
Stereo Monitor Inputs
The 2 x XLR 3 pin sockets used for the monitor input are electronically balanced. They have
the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Note: The monitor input can not be mixed to the stereo line output, it is only used for
headphone monitoring.
Mic Input
The XLR 3 pin socket used for the microphone is electronically balanced. It has the following
connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Mic Input Gain
A recessed GAIN pre-set potentiometer allows for adjustment of the gain of the microphone
input. This provides a gain range of 36dB to 75dB which enables the use of dynamic and
powered microphones. Connect the mic input and adjust the gain until the line output is at
the required level. The front panel MIC VOLUME reduces the volume to –80dB.
Using Phantom Powered Microphones
For the microphone input channel there is a switch to provide phantom power at +48V to
the connected microphone. With phantom power selected, a voltage of +48V is applied to
pins 2 and 3 of the XLR connector to power the microphone, supplied through 6k8 resistors
giving a current of 14mA. Phantom power is enabled when the switch is pointing towards
the arrow.
On
Off
1 2 3 4
On
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SSML1
Stereo Monitor Pad & Volume Control
A 10dB gain pad is available by depressing the rear panel switch, for handling connection
from unbalanced outputs. A MONITOR VOLUME control is available as a pre-set
potentiometer, located on the back panel. The monitor input channel with the volume
control fully up, has a gain of +6dB.
1
Low Frequency (LF) Filter
2
Phantom Power
3
Compress In Mic Mode Only
4
LED Meter Peak Hold
On
Fig 4-4: DIP Switch to Control Mic & Meter Features.
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4
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
Using the LF Filter
This switch provides control for a high pass filter on the mic input with low frequency roll
off at 125Hz. The roll-off filter is in circuit when the switch is down (towards the arrow).
Compression Active on Mic Input Only
With this feature enabled, the compressor/limiter will only operate when the microphone
input is selected. This mode becomes active when switch 3 is down (towards the arrow).
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SSML1
Peak Hold Disabled on LED Meter
By default, the LED meter operates with peak hold active on the top 5 segments. This can be
disabled by moving switch 4 to the up position (towards the arrow).
Stereo Line Input
The 2 x XLR 3 pin sockets used for the line input are electronically balanced. They have the
following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Stereo Input Gain Pad
The line input channel with the volume control fully up, has a gain of +6dB. An extra 10dB of
gain is available by depressing the rear panel INPUT LEVEL switch. The LINE VOLUME control
is located on the front panel.
Stereo Line Output
The XLR 3 pin plug output connectors are electronically balanced and can be wired
unbalanced by grounding the non-phase signal, allowing you to feed balanced and
unbalanced equipment. They have the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
The connector provides a line level output with an impedance of <50Ω and a maximum
output level of +28dBu.
Stereo Output Gain Pad
The output gain switch provides a 10dB drop in gain.
Front Panel Controls
Mic
Volume
Line
Volume
LED Metering
Threshold
Headphone
Control
Outputs
Mic/Line Bypass
Select Switch Switch
Compression
Control
Headphone
Volume
Fig 4-5: RB-SSML1 Front Panel.
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Redbox User Handbook No 3
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
4
Mic & Line Volume Controls
The front panel MIC VOLUME reduces the volume to –80dB. The line input
channel with the LINE VOLUME control fully up, has a gain of +6dB.
Mic/Line Select Switch
To select between microphone or stereo line inputs, use the Mic/Line select switch; stereo
line is in the up position.
Bypass Button
The compressor/limiter section of the product can be switched in and out by using the
BYPASS button.
The compression ratio and threshold limits of the compressor/limiter section are fully
adjustable via the COMPRESSION and THRESHOLD linear pots situated on the front panel.
The threshold can be set between -30dBu and +20dBu. When the input signal rises above
the threshold level a soft-knee compression is applied at the selected ratio. The compressor
has an attack time of approximately 20ms and a release time of approx 400ms, and can
operate at ratios of 1:1 (no compression) to ∞:1 (limiting).
The compressor is temperature sensitive and in cold conditions may take a short time for the
threshold levels to settle. In any case you should always allow the unit to fully come to its
normal operating temperature before setting the threshold level.
LED Metering
The metering is carried out after the compressor/limiter section and consists of two rows of
12 round LEDs showing levels between -17dB and +11dB.
The LED meter source can be set to either the output, or a mix of the output and the
monitor input (i.e. the audio present on the headphones). The default setting is a mix of the
output and monitor input. This can be changed by altering the setting of jumpers J1 and J2
inside the unit.
Position A: Meter a mix of output and monitor input.
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SSML1
Applying Compression
Compression is applied by setting a threshold at which the compressor begins to operate,
and a compression ratio to which all audio above the threshold will be compressed. To
enable the compressor, release the unit from bypass mode (ensure the bypass LED is off ).
Position B: Meter output only.
Headphone Outputs
There are two ¼” stereo jack headphone sockets, with a headphone output volume control
which controls the volume for both outputs. Each headphone output is designed to drive
150mW into 32Ω to 600Ω stereo headphones.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
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MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS
Technical Specifications RB-SSML1
Audio Specifications (Bypass Mode)
MIXER & SOURCE SELEC TORS - RB -SSML1
Maximum Input Level:
-10dBu (mic), +28dBu (line), electronically balanced
Input Impedance:
20kΩ nominal balanced
Maximum Output Level:
+28dBu
Output Impedance:
<50Ω
Headphone Output Level:
Drives 150mW into 32Ω to 600Ω headphones
Low Frequency Roll-Off:
125Hz @ 6dB/octave
Gain Range (mic):
Adjustable 36dB to 75dB gain (-80dB volume min.)
Volume Control (line):
-80dB to +6dB gain (+16dB with additional input gain)
E.I.N:
130dB
Distortion:
<0.02% THD @ 1kHz, ref +8dBu output
Common Mode Rejection:
>66dB typically
Phantom Power:
48V
Frequency Response:
20Hz to 20kHz ±0.3dB (600Ω load, ref 1kHz)
Connections
Mic Input:
1 x XLR 3 pin female (Balanced)
Stereo Line Input:
2 x XLR 3 pin female (Balanced, can be unbalanced)
Stereo Monitor Input:
2 x XLR 3 pin female (Balanced, can be unbalanced)
Stereo Output:
2 x XLR 3 pin male (Balanced, can be unbalanced)
Headphone Outputs:
2 x ¼” (6.35mm) A/B gauge 3-pole stereo jack sockets
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110V-120V, or 220-240V switchable, fused,
9W maximum
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Equipment Type
RB-SSML1:
Mic/Line source selector with compressor limiter
Physical Specifications
30
Dimensions (Raw):
48cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
19” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
53cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
21” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett: 1.3kg
Nett: 2.9lbs
Gross: 2.0kg
Gross: 4.4lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
5
5
RB-MA1 Single & RB-MA2 Dual Microphone Amplifiers
Introduction
Fig 5-1: RB-MA1 & RB-MA2 Front Panel.
All connections and controls are on the rear panel. The microphone input is XLR-3 type and
is electronically balanced. The input gain can be adjusted individually by a recessed pre-set
potentiometer.
The XLR-3 line output is electronically balanced and can be wired unbalanced by grounding
the non-phase signal, allowing you to feed both balanced and unbalanced equipment.
For each channel there are independent switches to control a high pass filter (low frequency
roll-off at 125Hz) and to provide phantom power at +48V to the connected microphone. An
LED power indicator on the front panel displays the power supply connection.
The rest of this chapter will refer to both RB-MA1 and RB-MA2 unless stated otherwise.
System Block Diagram
Ultra low noise
high gain
amplifier
Balanced
Microphone
Input
Gain
L.F.
Filter
Professional
balanced output
L.F. Filter in/out
Phantom supply on/off
Phantom
power
(48V)
48V
Fig 5-2: RB-MA1 & RB-MA2 Block Diagram Single Channel.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -MA1 & RB -MA2
The RB-MA1 consists of an independent low-noise microphone pre-amplifier for converting
microphone level signals to line level, or for driving long lines from microphones to mixing
equipment. The RB-MA2 dual microphone amplifier consists of two low noise pre amplifiers.
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MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LI M I T E R S
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -MA1 & RB -MA2
Input Gain
Control
32
Mic Input
Phantom power
LF Filter
Output
Fig 5-3: RB-MA1 Rear Panel.
Input Gain
Control
Mic Input
Phantom Power
Switch
LF Filters
Stereo Outputs
Fig 5-4: RB-MA2 Rear Panel.
Mic Inputs
The XLR 3 pin sockets used for the microphone are electronically balanced. They have the
following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Input Gain
Recessed pre-set potentiometers allow for adjustment of the gain of the microphone
inputs. This provides a gain range of 36dB to 75dB which enables the use of dynamic and
powered microphones. Connect the mic input and adjust the gain until the line output is at
the level that you need.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
On On
1
On
2
3
4
1
Channel 1 Low Frequency (LF) Filter
2
Channel 1 Phantom Power
3
Channel 2 Phantom Power (only applies to MA2)
4
Channel 2 Low Frequency
5
On
Fig 5-5: Switch to Control LF Filter and Phantom Power.
Using the LF Filter
A switch also provides control for a high pass filter with low frequency roll off at 125Hz. The
filter is in when the switch is in the down position (towards the arrow).
Output
The XLR 3 pin plug output connector is electronically balanced and can be wired
unbalanced by grounding the non-phase signal, allowing you to feed balanced and
unbalanced equipment. It has the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
The connector provides a line level output with an impedance of <50Ω and a maximum
output level of +28dBu.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -MA1 & RB -MA2
Using Phantom Powered Microphones
For the input channel there are independent switches to provide phantom power at +48V
to the connected microphones. With phantom power selected, a voltage of +48V is applied
to pins 2 and 3 of the XLR connector to power the microphone, supplied through 6k8
resistors giving a current of 14mA. Phantom power is used when the switch is pointing
towards the arrow.
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MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LI M I T E R S
Technical Specifications RB-MA1 & RB-MA2
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -MA1 & RB -MA2
Audio Specifications
34
Maximum Input Level:
-10dBu
Maximum Output Level:
+28dBu
Input Impedance:
20kΩ nominal balanced
Output Impedance:
<50Ω
Low Frequency Roll-Off:
125Hz @ 6dB/octave
Gain Range:
Adjustable 36dB to 75dB gain
E.I.N:
130dB
Distortion:
0.01% THD @ 1kHz, ref +8dBu output
Common Mode Rejection:
>66dB typically
Phantom Power:
48V
Frequency Response:
20Hz to 20kHz ±0.1dB (600Ω load, ref 1kHz)
Connections
Input:
1 (2 on RB-MA2) x XLR 3 pin female (Balanced)
Output:
1 (2 on RB-MA2) x XLR 3 pin male (Balanced,
can be unbalanced)
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110V-120V, or 220-240V switchable, fused,
6W maximum
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Equipment Type
RB-MA1:
Single microphone amplifier
RB-MA2:
Dual microphone amplifier
Physical Specifications
Dimensions (Raw):
28cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
11” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
36cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
14.2” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight RB-MA1:
Nett: 0.90kg Gross: 1.35kg
Nett: 2lbs
Gross: 3lbs
Weight RB-MA2:
Nett: 1.00kg Gross: 1.45kg
Nett: 2.2lbs Gross: 3.2lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
6
6
RB-DMA2 Dual Digital Microphone Amplifier
Introduction
Fig 6-1: RB-DMA2 Front Panel.
The microphone inputs are XLR-3 type and are electronically balanced. The input gain for
each input can be adjusted individually by coarse and fine gain controls on the front panel
and each input has a level indicator. Additionally the fine gain control knob can be disabled
by internal jumpers. A switch on the rear panel allows input 1 to be routed to both left and
right digital outputs, or as input 1 to left output and input 2 to right output respectively.
For each channel there are independent switches to control a high pass filter (low frequency
roll-off at 125Hz) and to provide phantom power at +48V to the connected microphones.
It also has AES/EBU, S/PDIF and Word Clock sync inputs.
The unit operates in four modes:
Master Mode - In this mode the unit receives a microphone-input signal, which is digitised
and formatted for digital serial transmission (IEC958). The necessary clock signals are
generated internally from an on board master clock at a selectable rate (32kHz, 44.1kHz,
48kHz, 64kHz, 88.2kHz or 96kHz).
Slave Mode - In this mode the unit automatically detects the presence of a digital audio
sync signal, if present at the digital input or word clock input, and synchronises the digital
output to it. If no sync is present, no output will be generated.
Auto Mode - Here the unit synchronises to the digital audio sync signal if present at the
digital input and uses the internal master clock only if no sync input signal is detected. In
this case, the internal master clock is used at the selected sample rate.
Auto Lock Mode - This operates like the auto mode except that if no sync-input signal
is detected, it will use the internal master clock to sync to the sample rate which was last
clocked to. When operating in sync modes, the front panel power LED flashes whenever the
unit is not synchronised to the incoming digital signal, or when the unit is being calibrated.
The unit should be calibrated once it has been powered up for more than 10 minutes.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
The RB-DMA2 consists of two independent low-noise microphone preamplifiers for converting microphone level signals to digital AES/EBU,
or S/PDIF, and analogue line level outputs. The RB-DMA2 can be used
as a front end for digital mixing desks or routers, which do not have
microphone inputs. The analogue outputs can be used for routing to
talkback systems.
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For the digital output, there is a switch available to define the content of the channel
status bits embedded within the digital audio stream. The channel status bits will be forced
to Professional Mode for sample rates above 48kHz, as they are not supported by the
Consumer Mode. For sample rates of 32kHz, 44.1kHz and 48kHz, the status bits can be either
set to Professional or Consumer Mode.
The bit depth of the digital output can be set to 16, 20 or 24 bits, with a psycho acoustic
noise filter used to dither signals below 24 bit.
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
System Block Diagram
LF Filter
Gain Control
1
Balanced
Mic Inputs
1
48V Phantom
Power
XLR
Balanced
Line Outputs
2
2
Digital
Send Select
Gain Control
LF Filter
Word
Clock
AES/EBU
ADC
AES
Transmitter
AES
Receiver
Master Clock
Generator
AES/EBU
S/PDIF
Digital
Sync Select
S/PDIF
Digital Sync Inputs
Frequency
Select
Recovered
Clock
Fig 6-2: RB-DMA2 System Block Diagram.
Front Panel Indicators & Controls
Input Level
Adjustment
Sync & Power
Indicator
Input Level
Indicators
Fig 6-3: RB-DMA2 Front Panel.
36
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MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
6
Sync & Power Indicator
The LED on the front panel is normally red to indicate that power is present on the unit.
However, it also has a secondary role to indicate the status of the digital inputs: Fast flashing
between red and amber indicates a loss of digital input signal, or that the unit is being
calibrated.
Input Level Adjustment
Front panel potentiometers, coarse and fine, allow for adjustment of the gain of each
microphone input. The recessed screw-head potentiometer coarse control provides a total
gain range of 44dB, with the level knob fine control providing a ±12dB adjustment.
Disabling the Fine Gain Control Knob
Each fine control also has the ability to be disabled via a jumper (JP1 for MIC1 and JP2 for
MIC2) situated on the PCB. When the jumper is fitted the control is enabled.
JP2
JP1
Fig 6-4: Jumpers to Disable Fine Gain Control.
Input Level Indicators
For each input there is a tri-colour LED to give an indication of the level of the incoming mic
signals. Green indicates -18dBFS, orange indicates -12dBFS and red indicates -6dBFS.
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Mic
Inputs
Phantom
Power &
LF Filter
Fig 6-5: RB-DMA2 Rear Panel.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
Analogue
Line
Outputs
AES/EBU
Output
S/PDIF AES/EBU Status
Sync Sync
Select
Input Input
Switches
S/PDIF
Output
Digital Sync &
Output Select
Buttons
Word
Clock Sync
Input
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
Connect the mic input and adjust the gain until the line output is at the level that you need.
The wide gain range allows the use of both dynamic and powered microphones.
Freq’ & Sync
Mode Rotary
Switch
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RB-DMA2 Inputs
Mic Inputs
The XLR 3 pin sockets used for the microphone inputs are electronically balanced. They have
the following connections:
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
38
AES/EBU Sync Input
The digital AES/EBU synchronisation input XLR 3 pin socket has an impedance of 110 Ω and
the signals meet the IEC 60968 specification. It has the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Word Clock Sync Input
The BNC TTL word clock input has an impedance of 50 Ω.
S/PDIF Sync Input
The S/PDIF digital phono input has an impedance of 75 Ω.
RB-DMA2 Outputs
AES/EBU Output
The digital output XLR 3 pin socket has an impedance of 110Ω and the signals on this
connector comply with the IEC 60968 specification. It has the following connections :
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
S/PDIF Output
The digital output S/PDIF phono output has an impedance of 75Ω.
Analogue Line Outputs
There is an analogue output on XLR 3 pin plug for each microphone input. The plug has the
following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
6
Rear Panel Controls
Status Select Switches
These switches are used to determine the status or content of the digital output signals.
The type of information encoded in the channel status bits of a digital audio signal can be
professional or consumer and is determined by switch 1. However at frame rates higher
than 48kHz, consumer mode is not available, so professional mode is used and this switch
will be ignored.
Status
Bits
1
ON
Professional
16
20
24
1
OFF
Consumer
3
OFF
ON
ON
2
ON
Dual Mono
4
OFF
OFF
ON
2
OFF
Mono
Fig 6-6: RB-DMA2 Status Select Switches.
Output Routing
This uses switch 2 of the STATUS dipswitch block. When switch 2 is “ON”, the audio signal
from Mic input 1 is copied to both channels of the digital output signal (channel B = channel
A) and Mic input 2 is ignored (Dual mono mode). When “OFF”, the Mic input 1 signal is on
channel A only of the digital output signal and channel B contains the Mic input 2 signal
(Mono mode).
Note: This does not affect the routing of the analogue outputs.
Phantom Power & LF Filter
For each channel there are independent switches to provide phantom power at +48V to the
connected microphones. With phantom power selected, a voltage of +48V is applied to pins
2 and 3 of the XLR connector to power the microphone, supplied through 6k8
resistors giving a current of 14mA. Phantom power is used when the switches are
towards the arrows.
The LF filter switches provide control for a high pass filter with low frequency roll off at
125Hz. The roll-off filters are switched “in” when the switches are in the down position
(towards the arrows).
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
The sample size for the analogue to digital conversion can be set to 24, 20 or 16 bits
(switches 3 & 4). When the signal is truncated from 24 bits, a psycho-acoustic filter is applied
to maintain optimum signal quality. These settings are summarised below and also on the
top panel of the unit.
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Digital Sync & Output Select Buttons
These buttons are used to switch the digital connection between the AES/EBU XLR
connector (button out) and the S/PDIF phono connector (button in) independently for the
digital sync input and the digital output.
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
Note: There is no switch to select the Word Clock as a sync input. The unit automatically
searches for a sync signal on the Word Clock, or the selected digital input, and
automatically locks to a valid sync clock.
40
Frequency and Sync Mode Rotary Switch
This rotary switch is used to select the Synchronisation Mode and to select the frequency
of the digital output when using the on-board clock generator. There are 4 modes of
operation: - Master Mode, Auto Sync Mode, Auto Lock Sync Mode & Slave Mode.
•
In Master Sync Mode, switch positions 0 – 5, the digital output sample rate is simply
set by, and locked to, the internal on-board clock generator. No sync signal is used or
required.
•
In Auto Sync Mode, switch positions 6– B, the digital output sample rate follows the
digital input. When the digital input signal is not present the output sample rate
will be set by, and locked to, the internal on-board clock generator at a frequency
determined by the switch position.
•
In Auto-Lock Sync Mode, switch position C, No output will be generated until lock is
achieved with a digital input signal. The digital output sample rate now follows the
digital input. If the digital input signal is removed then the output sample rate will be
set by, and locked to, the internal on-board clock generator at the closest frequency
available to the previous digital input.
•
In Slave Sync Mode, switch position D, the digital output sample rate follows the
digital input. When the digital input signal is not present the digital output is
turned off.
The following table, also printed on the top of the unit, summarises the above settings
and shows the sample rate generated by the internal clock generator in master and auto
sync modes.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
6
Frequencies and Sync Modes
Rotary
Switch
Number
Mode
Sample
Frequency
(kHz)
Master
32
1
Master
44.1
2
Master
48
3
Master
64
4
Master
88.2
5
Master
96
6
Auto
32
7
Auto
44.1
8
Auto
48
9
Auto
64
A
Auto
88.2
B
Auto
96
C
Auto Lock
-
D
Slave
-
F
Calibration
-
Fig 6-7: RB-DMA2 Frequency and Sync Rotary Switch Selections.
Test/Calibration Mode
For optimum performance of the RB-DMA2, the unit should be calibrated when it has been
powered up for approximately 10-15 minutes. The circuitry and chipsets contained in the
unit will warm up during this time and the performance will deteriorate unless calibrated
(the noise floor and dynamic range will be 1-2dB lower than the best possible performance).
The calibration cycle calibrates the gain and the zero reference of the A/D converter.
To calibrate the RB-DMA2, set the rotary FREQUENCIES AND SYNC MODES switch to position
“F”. The power LED on the front panel will flash quickly for 2 – 3 seconds and will illuminate
fully when the unit is calibrated. Once calibration is complete, reset the rotary switch to the
position that you require.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
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Technical Specifications RB-DMA2
Connections
Analogue Mic Inputs:
2 x XLR 3 pin (balanced)
Analogue Line Outputs:
2 x XLR 3 pin (balanced)
Digital Sync Inputs:
1 x AES/EBU XLR 3 pin female
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
1 x S/PDIF RCA phono
42
1 x TTL BNC female (sync) 50 ohm impedance
Digital Outputs:
1 x AES/EBU XLR 3 pin plug
1 x S/PDIF RCA phono socket
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110-120V, or 220-240V switchable,
fused 10W max
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Audio Specification
Min/Max Input Level:
-63dBu / 5dBu to give FSD
Input Impedance:
2kΩ nominal balanced
Gain Range:
68dB
Signal to Noise:
128dB EIN
Dynamic Range:
>110dB
Distortion and Noise:
< 0.01% THD + N absolute @ 1kHz
Phantom Power:
+48V
Low Frequency Roll-off:
125Hz @ 6dB/octave
Analogue Output Level:
+18dBu Ref. FSD
Operational Controls & Indicators
Bit Depth:
16, 20 or 24 bits via DIP switch
Digital Output Select:
AES/EBU or S/PDIF, via push-switch
Sample Frequencies:
32kHz – 96kHz, via rotary switch
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
Sync Modes:
Master, Slave, Auto, Auto-Lock via rotary switch
Digital Input Select:
AES/EBU or S/PDIF, via push-switch
Channel Status Bits:
Set to consumer or professional mode via DIP switch
Output Routing:
Set dual mono output via dipswitch
Led Level:
Green ind. -18dBFS, Orange ind. -12dBFS, Red ind. -6dBFS
6
Equipment Type
Dual digital microphone amplifier
Physical Specifications
Dimensions (Raw):
48cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
19” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
53cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
21” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett:
Nett:
Redbox User Handbook No 3
1.6kg
3.5lbs
Gross:
Gross:
2.2kg
4.8lbs
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -DMA2
RB-DMA2:
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7 RB-ML2 Stereo Microphone & Line Level Limiter
Introduction
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -ML2
Fig 7-1: RB-ML2 Front Panel.
44
The RB-ML2 is a stereo microphone and line level limiter. The unit is mainly used where
assistance with level control is required, for protection of mixer inputs and to prevent
distortion. The RB-ML2 is ideal for news-booths, and the input to PC work stations, it
provides an economical level control solution.
The RB-ML2 has two electronically balanced XLR-3 inputs, which are routed to a line
amplifier, or microphone amplifier, via a rear push-button. The microphone amplifiers have
independent pre-set gain controls, and DIP switches for a high pass filter (low frequency
roll-off at 125Hz) and phantom power to provide +48V to the connected microphones.
The outputs of these amplifiers are passed through a VCA limiter circuit that can operate
jointly on the signals in stereo mode, or independently in dual mono mode. The rear panel
mode switch changes the unit from dual mono to stereo.
The two XLR-3 electronically balanced outputs can be set to either line or mic output levels
via a push button. This allows the RB-ML2 to be used in line with a line or mic input on a
mixer, or similar equipment
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MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
7
System Block Diagram
Gain
LF Filter
Mic
Limiter
Stage
Mic/Line
Input 1
Gain
Mic/Line
Output
Phantom
Power
(48V)
Gain and
Limit
Control
Line
LF Filter
Mic/Line
Input 2
Gain and
Limit
Control
Phantom
Power
(48V)
Mic/Line
Output
Line
Limiter
Stage
Gain
Fig 7-2: RB-ML2 Block Diagram.
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Input 2
Select
Switch
Option
Switches
Mic/Line Mic/Line
Input 1 Input 2
Mic 1 Input 1
Gain Select
Switch
Mic 2
Gain
Stereo/Dual Mono
Select Switch
Fig 7-3: RB-ML2 Rear Panel.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
Output 1
Select
Switch
Output 2
Select
Switch
Mic /Line Mic /Line
Output 1 Output 2
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -ML2
Gain
Mic
Limit
Gain
Limit
Level
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MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
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Mic / Line Inputs
The XLR 3 pin sockets used for the mic/line inputs are electronically balanced. They have the
following connections:
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -ML2
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Mic Input Gain
Recessed pre-set potentiometers allow for adjustment of the gain of the microphone
inputs. This provides a gain range of +22dB to +67dB which enables the use of dynamic and
powered microphones. Connect the mic input and adjust the gain until the line output is at
the level that you need.
On On
1
On
2
3
4
1
Channel 1 Low Frequency (LF) Filter
2
Channel 1 Phantom Power
3
Channel 2 Phantom Power
4
Channel 2 Low Frequency
On
Fig 7-4: Switch to Control LF Filter and Phantom Power.
Using Phantom Powered Microphones
For the mic input channel there are independent switches to provide phantom power at
+48V to the connected microphones. With phantom power selected, a voltage of +48V is
applied to pins 2 and 3 of the XLR connector to power the microphone, supplied through
6k8 resistors giving a current of 14mA. Phantom power is used when the switch is pointing
towards the arrow. The phantom power only applies when the input is set to mic mode.
Using the LF Filter
A switch also provides control for a high pass filter with low frequency roll off at 125Hz. The
filter is in when the switch is in the down position (towards the arrow). The filter only applies
when the input is set to mic mode.
Mic / Line Outputs
The XLR 3 pin plug output connector is electronically balanced and can be wired
unbalanced by grounding the non-phase signal, allowing you to feed balanced and
unbalanced equipment. It has the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
The connector provides a line level output with an impedance of <50Ω in line mode and
150Ω in mic mode, with a maximum output level of -18dBu(mic) or +28 dBu(line).
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7
Mic / Line Output Gain
The output gain is adjustable from -54dB to -24dB when mic is selected and adjustable
between -8dB to +22dB for line, with reference to 0dBu line input. The gain is adjusted via
two potentiometers on the rear panel of the unit, although it is pre-set in production.
Level Limiting
Stereo limiting operates by limiting both left and right outputs if either the left and right
input needs to be limited. Dual mono limiting operates by limiting left and right signals
individually.
Mode Select Switch
The mode switch changes the unit from dual mono to stereo mode. In stereo mode, only
the pre-sets for channel 1 (left) are active and they are applied to both channels. Stereo
limiting operates by limiting both left and right outputs if either left or right input needs to
be limited. Dual mono limiting operates by limiting left and right signals individually – you
can use the RB-ML2 as two separate mono limiters.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -ML2
The characteristics of the limiter can be set via level threshold pre-sets. For each channel
there is an input gain and a threshold level control. With the limit threshold set to maximum,
the input through to output can be normalised using the input potentiometers. Once the
unit is acting as a buffer with gain/attenuation, the limit threshold level can be set, with the
recovery adjusted for the application. The power LED indicates limiting by flashing.
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Technical Specifications RB-ML2
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -ML2
Audio Specifications
48
Maximum Input Level:
-6dBu (mic), +28dBu (line), electronically balanced
Input Impedance:
>20kΩ balanced bridging
Input Gain Range:
Adjustable +22dB to +67dB gain (mic)
Via 2 x pre-set potentiometers (L&R), 0dB gain (line)
Maximum Output Level:
-18dBu (mic), +28dBu (line), electronically balanced
Output Impedance:
150Ω(mic), <50Ω balanced (line)
Output Gain Range:
-8dB to +22 dB gain (line), ref 0dBu line input
Gain via 2 x pre-set potentiometers
Limit Threshold:
Adjustable -8dBu to +28dBu
Frequency Response:
20Hz to 20 kHz +/- 0.1dB (600 ohm load, ref 1kHz)
E.I.N:
130dB
Distortion:
<0.02% THD @ 1kHz, ref +8dBu output
Common Mode Rejection (mic): >86dB typically
Common Mode Rejection (line): >66dB typically
Phantom Power:
48V
LF Filter:
125Hz@6dBs/octave
Connections
Analogue Input:
2 x XLR 3 pin female mic or line switchable
(Balanced)(L &R)
Mic/Line Input Control:
2 x push-buttons for mic/line inputs
Analogue Outputs:
2 x XLR 3 pin male or line switchable(Balanced)(L&R)
Mic/Line Output Control:
2 x push-button for mic/line outputs
Phantom Power & LF Filter:
1x 4-way DIP switch
Mono/Stereo Mode Select:
1 x push button
Limit Level Threshold Set:
2 x pre-set potentiometers
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110V-120V, or 220-240V switchable,
fused, 6W maximum
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LIMITERS
7
Equipment Type
RB-ML2:
Stereo microphone & line level limiter
Physical Specifications
28cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
11” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
36cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
14.2” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight RB-ML2:
Nett: 0.90kg Gross: 1.35kg
Nett: 2lbs
Gross: 3lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -ML2
Dimensions (Raw):
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8 RB-SL2 Twin Mono, or Stereo, Limiter
Introduction
Power LED & Limit Indicator
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -SL2
Fig 8-1: RB-SL2 Front Panel.
The RB-SL2 is a stereo, or twin independent mono, VCA limiter for use in news-rooms and
other locations where the correct level into recording equipment is required, but not
necessarily under the control of an engineer, for example, for overload protection. It can also
be used as an inexpensive main output limiter for low cost radio installations, RSL’s, hospital
and student radio.
The XLR-3 electronically balanced inputs and outputs can be wired unbalanced to accept an
output from domestic equipment. For each channel there is an input gain and a threshold
level control.
A rear panel switch changes the unit from dual mono to stereo, when only the pre-sets for
channel 1 (left) are active and apply to both channels. An LED power indicator on the front
panel displays the power supply connection and also indicates limiting.
1) Steady “Amber” indicates that the unit is powered and not in limiting.
2) Flashing “Amber” “Red” indicates that input 1 left channel is in limit.
3) Flashing “Amber” “Green” indicates that input 2 right channel is in limit.
4) Flashing “Amber” on and off indicates that both inputs are in limit.
Please note that all four conditions are possible in “Dual Mono” mode but only conditions
1 and 4 are valid in “Stereo” mode.
System Block Diagram
Limiter
Stage
Balanced
Professional
Input L
Balanced
Professional
Output L
Gain and
Limit
Control
Select Stereo/Mono
Gain and
Limit
Control
Balanced
Professional
Output R
Balanced
Professional
Input R
Limiter
Stage
Fig 8-2: RB-SL2 Block Diagram.
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& LIMITERS
8
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Stereo
Outputs
Stereo/Mono
Switch
Stereo
Input
Fig 8-3: RB-SL2 Rear Panel.
Outputs
The XLR 3 pin plug connectors are electronically balanced and can be wired unbalanced to
accept an output from domestic equipment. They have the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Inputs
The XLR 3 pin sockets are electronically balanced, and can be wired unbalanced to accept an
output from domestic equipment. They have the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Gain Control
Each channel has an input gain (GAIN) and a threshold level control (LIMIT LEVEL). Setting
the limit level to maximum (fully anti-clockwise) enables the input through to output to be
normalised using the input gain potentiometers. Once the unit is acting as a buffer with
gain/attenuation, the limit level can be set, with the recovery adjusted for the application.
Limiting is indicated by the power LED on the front panel. (see page 50).
Mode Switch
This switch changes the unit from dual mono to stereo mode. In stereo mode, only the
pre-sets for channel 1 (left) are active and they are applied to both channels. Stereo limiting
operates by limiting both left and right outputs if either left or right input needs to be
limited. Dual mono limiting operates by limiting left and right signals individually – you can
use the RB-SL2 as two separate mono limiters.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -SL2
Stereo
Input
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8
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS
& LI M I T E R S
Technical Specifications RB-SL2
MICROPHONE AMPLIFIERS & LIMITERS - RB -SL2
Audio Specifications
52
Maximum Input Level:
+28dBu
Maximum Output Level:
+28dBu
Input Impedance:
>20kΩ bridging
Output Impedance:
<50Ω
Input Gain:
Adjustable -8dBu to +18dBu gain
Limit Threshold:
Adjustable -8dBu to +28dBu
Frequency Response:
20Hz to 20kHz ±0.1dB (600Ω load, ref 1kHz)
Noise:
-100dB unity gain, ref +8dBu
Distortion:
0.01% THD @ 1kHz ref +8dBu output,
threshold set at +10dBu
Common Mode Rejection:
>66dB typically
Connections
Inputs:
2 x XLR 3 pin female (Balanced, can be unbalanced)
Outputs:
2 x XLR 3 pin male (Balanced, can be unbalanced)
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110V-120V, or 220-240V switchable,
fused, 6W maximum
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Equipment Type
RB-SL2:
Twin mono, or stereo, limiter
Physical Specifications
Dimensions (Raw):
28cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
11” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
36cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
14.2” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett: 1.0kg Gross: 1.45kg
Nett: 2.2lbs Gross: 3.2lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
S T E R E O TO MONO CON VERTERS
9
9 RB-SM1 Single & RB-SM2 Dual Stereo To Mono Converter
Introduction
Fig 9-1: RB-SM1 & RB-SM2 Front Panel.
All connections are on the rear panel. The XLR-3 inputs are electronically balanced with an
impedance of 20kΩ bridging. These can be wired unbalanced to accept an output from
domestic equipment.
The XLR-3 line output’s are electronically balanced with an output impedance of <50Ω. The
output’s can be wired unbalanced by grounding the non-phase signal, allowing you to feed
both balanced and unbalanced equipment.
Output gain adjustment using a pre-set potentiometer for both converters allows a
normalised mono output from domestic stereo equipment. The potentiometer is accessible
through the rear panel. An LED power indicator on the front panel displays the power
supply connection.
The rest of this manual will refer to the SM1 unless stated otherwise.
System Block Diagram
Left
RB-SM2=X2
Summing
Amplifier
Professional
Balanced
Stereo Input
Gain
Right
Fig 9-2: RB-SM1 & RB-SM2 Block Diagram Single Channel.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
Professional
Balanced
Mono Output
S T E RE O TO MONO CON VERT ER S - R B - SM1 & RB -SM 2
The RB-SM1 consists of an independent converter that will produce a fully buffered and
balanced mono line output from a stereo input. The RB-SM2 consists of two independent
converters and will produce two fully buffered and balanced mono line outputs from two
stereo inputs.
53
9
S T E R E O TO MO NO CONVE R T E R S
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
STEREO TO MON O CON VER TERS - RB - SM1 & RB - S M2
Stereo
Inputs
54
Output
Gain Control
Mono
Output
Fig 9-3: RB-SM1 Rear Panel..
Stereo
Inputs
Stereo
Inputs
Mono
Output
Mono
Output
Output
Gain Control
Fig 9-4: RB-SM2 Rear Panel.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
S T E R E O TO MONO CON VERTERS
9
Stereo Inputs 1 (& 2)
The input’s are a stereo pair consisting of two XLR 3 pin sockets electronically balanced with
an impedance of 20kΩ bridging. They can be wired unbalanced to accept an output from
domestic equipment. They have the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Pin 1: Screen
Pin 2: Phase
Pin 3: Non-phase
Output Gain
Output gain adjustment using a pre-set potentiometer for the converters allows a
normalised mono output from domestic stereo equipment. The potentiometers are
accessible through the rear panel and provide a gain range of 8dB loss to 18dB gain.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
S T E RE O TO MONO CON VERT ER S - R B - SM1 & RB -SM 2
Mono Output 1 (& 2)
The XLR 3 pin mono output connectors are electronically balanced with an output
impedance of <50Ω. They can be wired unbalanced by grounding the non-phase signal,
enabling you to feed both balanced and unbalanced equipment. The output has the
following connections:
55
9
S T E R E O TO MO NO CONVE R T E R S
Technical Specifications RB-SM1 & RB-SM2
STEREO TO MON O CON VER TERS - RB - SM1 & RB - S M2
Audio Specifications
56
Maximum Input Level:
+28dBu
Maximum Output Level:
+28dBu
Input Impedance:
>20kΩ balanced bridging
Output Impedance:
<50Ω balanced
Frequency Response:
20Hz to 20kHz ±0.1dB (600Ω load, ref 1kHz)
Gain Range:
Adjust 8dB loss to 18dB gain, ref 0dB input on L and R
Common Mode Rejection:
>66dB typically
Distortion:
0.01% THD @ 1kHz, ref +8dBu output
Noise:
-100dB unity gain, ref +8dBu output
Connections
Inputs:
2 (4 on RB-SM2) x XLR 3 pin female (Balanced, can be
unbalanced)
Output:
1 (2 on RB-SM2) x XLR 3 pin male (Balanced,
can be unbalanced)
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110V-120V, or 220-240V switchable,
fused, 6W maximum
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Equipment Type
RB-SM1:
Dual stereo to mono converter
RB-SM2:
Single stereo to mono converter
Physical Specifications
Dimensions (Raw):
28cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
11” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
36cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
14.2” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight RB-SM1:
Nett: 1.00kg Gross:
Nett: 2.2lbs Gross:
1.45kg
3.2lbs
Weight RB-SM2:
Nett: 1.05kg Gross:
Nett: 2.3lbs Gross:
1.50kg
3.3lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
GE NER AL INTERFACES
10
10 RB-LC3 3 Way Light/Power Controller
Introduction
The RB-LC3 is a triple output switching unit for controlling external mains indicators,
primarily studio status lights for broadcasting applications, such as On-Air, Mic-Live and
Rehearsal/Live lights. Each output can be individually controlled by one of three remote
inputs (pulled high, or low), by a telephony input (when ringing, or off-hook or both), or
a combination of two inputs (to control two outputs, e.g. for Rehearsal/Live situations).
The type of control is set using a 12 way DIP switch (4 switches for each output allowing
16 different settings, 14 for control type selection and 2 for operating mode selection).
All connections are on the rear panel. The three IEC outputs are controlled by zero-cross
point drivers. When an output is activated, the A.C. voltage level at that output will be equal
to the mains input voltage used to power the unit.
External control of the switched mains outputs is via the 15 way D-type plug connector.
The telephone Line input and Handset output are via two RJ11-4 type connectors. The
telephone connections are wired pin to pin from Line to Handset except when the remote
Ring Mute control input is asserted. In this case the ring signal to the Handset is muted. The
status of the telephone Line is continually monitored so that Handset ringing and off-hook
conditions can be indicated.
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B -LC3
Fig 10-1: RB-LC3 Front Panel.
A pre-set potentiometer on the rear panel controls the flash rate of the output when the
appropriate mode is selected. Neon indicators on each power socket show the status of the
mains output.
An LED power indicator on the front panel displays the incoming power supply connection.
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10
G E N E R A L I NT E R FAC E S
System Block Diagram
Zero
Cross-point
Switch
Mains
Output 1
GENE R AL INTERFACE S - RB - LC3
Zero
Cross-point
Switch
Mains
Output 2
Mains
Input
Remotes
Zero
Cross-point
Switch
Settings
And
Control
Mains
Output 3
Status Detection
& Ring Mute
Telephone
Line Input
Telephone
Handset Output
Fig 10-2: RB-LC3 Block Diagram.
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Remote External
Control Inputs
Telephone
Connections
Configuration
Switches
Flash
Rate
Potentiometer
Switched
Mains
Output
Fig 10-3: RB-LC3 Rear Panel
58
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GE NER AL INTERFACES
10
Switched Mains Outputs
The 3 off IEC connectors provide the switched mains outputs. Each output is rated at 1A and
is individually fused. A neon indicator shows when the output is live. The outputs are driven
by zero cross-point drivers. When an output is activated, the A.C. voltage level at that output
will be equal to the mains input voltage used to power the unit.
Remote External Control Inputs
The 15 way D-type connector provides the control inputs that switch the three mains
outputs and control the telephone handset ring mute. All inputs have both active high
(+5V to +30V) and active low (0V) control. An output-on or “Tally” indication for each
output is also provided on this connector in the form of three open-collector driven
outputs capable of sinking 20mA each. The connections are as follows:
Pin 1:
Pin 2:
Pin 3:
Pin 4:
Pin 5:
Pin 6:
Pin 7:
Pin 8:
Pin 9:
Pin 10:
Pin 11:
Pin 12:
Pin 13:
Pin 14:
Pin 15:
Remote 1 (Active High)
Remote 1 (Active Low)
Remote 2 (Active High)
Remote 2 (Active Low)
Remote 3 (Active High)
Remote 3 (Active Low)
Ring Mute (Active High)
Ring Mute (Active Low)
Output 1 Tally (Open Collector)
Output 2 Tally (Open Collector)
Output 3 Tally (Open Collector)
No Connection
No Connection
0V
0V
Redbox User Handbook No 3
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B -LC3
Telephone Connections
The telephone connections are wired pin to pin from Line to Handset except when the
Ring Mute control input is asserted. In this case the ring signal to the Handset is muted. The
status of the telephone Line is continually monitored so that Handset ringing and off-hook
conditions can be indicated. (Please note that the ring mute function will only work on
handsets that use pin 3 of a standard BT connector. This is often not connected on common
phones that typically use tone dialling. Phones that support pulse dialling should have the
connection and should therefore work with the RB-LC3).
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G E N E R A L I NT E R FAC E S
GENE R AL INTERFACE S - RB - LC3
Configuration Switches
The configuration switches are used to set the flash mode for each output separately.
The selections allow the outputs to be controlled by a remote input, a telephone call, or a
combination of remote inputs, say, for example to control 2 lights such as “Rehearsal” and
“Live”, using the Settings in Figure 10-4 to 10-6.
60
Latching and Momentary Mode
The configuration switches are also used to select the operating mode, either latching or
momentary, for each output. The operating mode is set when power is applied to the unit
and the configuration switches are set to either Setting 15 or 16. The Output will flash once
to indicate latching mode has been selected or twice to indicate momentary mode has
been selected. The configuration switches can then be returned to the required Setting.
In Latching Mode (Setting 15 selected on power up), the Output is On/Flashing only while
the selected Remote Inputs remain asserted. In Momentary Mode (Setting 16 selected on
power up), each separate assertion of the selected Remote Inputs changes the state of the
Output. For example, using setting 4, the first assertion of Remote 1 switches Output 1 on.
The second assertion of Remote 1 switches Output 1 off. The operating mode has no effect
when using Settings No1-3.
The available settings for output 1, configured using switches Sw1 to Sw4, are
detailed below:
Setting
Sw1
No
Sw2
Sw3
Sw4 Description
1
Off
Off
Off
Off
Flash Output 1 when telephone rings.
Output 1 On when telephone is off-hook
2
On
Off
Off
Off
Output 1 On when telephone is off-hook
3
Off
On
Off
Off
Flash Output 1 when telephone rings
4
On
On
Off
Off
Output 1 On when Remote 1 asserted
5
Off
Off
On
Off
Output 1 On when Remote 2 asserted
6
On
Off
On
Off
Output 1 On when Remote 3 asserted
7
Off
On
On
Off
Flash Output 1 when Remote 1 asserted
8
On
On
On
Off
Flash Output 1 when Remote 2 asserted
9
Off
Off
Off
On
Flash Output 1 when Remote 3 asserted
10
On
Off
Off
On
11
Off
On
Off
On
12
On
On
Off
On
Output 1 On when Remote 1 or Remote 2 asserted
Output 1 On when Remote 1 asserted and Remote
2 not asserted
Output 1 On when Remote 1 not asserted and
Remote 2 asserted
Redbox User Handbook No 3
GE NER AL INTERFACES
Off
Off
On
On
Output 1 On when Remote 1 asserted and Remote
2 asserted
14
On
Off
On
On
Reserved for future assignment
15
Off
On
On
On
Latching Mode selection for Output 1
16
On
On
On
On
Momentary Mode selection for Output 1
13
10
Fig 10-4: Output 1 Configuration Setting.
The available settings for output 2, configured using switches Sw5 to Sw8, are
detailed below:
Sw6
Sw7
Sw8 Description
Off
Off
Off
Off
Flash Output 2 when telephone rings.
Output 2 On when telephone is off-hook
2
On
Off
Off
Off
Output 2 On when telephone is off-hook
3
Off
On
Off
Off
Flash Output 2 when telephone rings
4
On
On
Off
Off
Output 2 On when Remote 1 asserted
5
Off
Off
On
Off
Output 2 On when Remote 2 asserted
6
On
Off
On
Off
Output 2 On when Remote 3 asserted
7
Off
On
On
Off
Flash Output 2 when Remote 1 asserted
8
On
On
On
Off
Flash Output 2 when Remote 2 asserted
9
Off
Off
Off
On
Flash Output 2 when Remote 3 asserted
10
On
Off
Off
On
1
Output 2 On when Remote 1 or Remote 2 asserted
Output 2 On when Remote 1 asserted and Remote
2 not asserted
Output 2 On when Remote 1 not asserted and
Remote 2 asserted
Output 2 On when Remote 1 asserted and Remote
2 asserted
11
Off
On
Off
On
12
On
On
Off
On
13
Off
Off
On
On
14
On
Off
On
On
15
Off
On
On
On
Latching Mode selection for Output 2
On
Momentary Mode selection for
Output 2
16
On
On
On
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B -LC3
Setting
Sw5
No
Reserved for future assignment
Fig 10-5: Output 2 Configuration Settings.
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G E N E R A L I NT E R FAC E S
The available settings for output 3, configured using switches Sw9 to Sw12, are
detailed below:
GENE R AL INTERFACE S - RB - LC3
Setting
Sw9
No
Sw10 Sw11 Sw12 Description
1
Off
Off
Off
Off
Flash Output 3 when telephone rings.
Output 3 On when telephone is off-hook
2
On
Off
Off
Off
Output 3 On when telephone is off-hook
3
Off
On
Off
Off
Flash Output 3 when telephone rings
4
On
On
Off
Off
Output 3 On when Remote 1 asserted
5
Off
Off
On
Off
Output 3 On when Remote 2 asserted
6
On
Off
On
Off
Output 3 On when Remote 3 asserted
7
Off
On
On
Off
Flash Output 3 when Remote 1 asserted
Flash Output 3 when Remote 2 asserted
8
On
On
On
Off
9
Off
Off
Off
On
Flash Output 3 when Remote 3 asserted
Output 3 On when Remote 1 or Remote 2
asserted
Output 3 On when Remote 1 asserted and
Remote 2 not asserted
Output 3 On when Remote 1 not asserted and
Remote 2 asserted
Output 3 On when Remote 1 asserted and
Remote 2 asserted
10
On
Off
Off
On
11
Off
On
Off
On
12
On
On
Off
On
13
Off
Off
On
On
14
On
Off
On
On
Reserved for future assignment
15
Off
On
On
On
Latching Mode selection for Output 3
16
On
On
On
On
Momentary Mode selection for Output 3
Fig 10-6: Output 3 Configuration Settings.
Flash Rate Preset Potentiometer
This preset potentiometer sets the rate at which the mains output is switched on/off when
one of the Flash Output settings is selected. The range of adjustment is from 0.5 seconds to
2 seconds.
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GE NER AL INTERFACES
10
Technical Specifications RB-LC3
Connections
Non-filtered IEC, 110V-240V auto-adjusting,
fused, 6W maximum
Fuse Rating (Mains Input):
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Mains Outputs:
3 x Non-filtered IEC plugs, 1A fused
Fuse Rating (Mains Outputs):
3 x Anti-surge fuse 1A 20 x 5mm
Telephone:
2 x RJ11-4 sockets
Control Inputs & Outputs:
15 way D-type plug
Inputs: 0V– 5V DC
Outputs: Open Collector 20mA sink capability
Equipment Type
RB-LC3:
3 way light/power controller
Physical Specifications
Dimensions (Raw):
28cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
11” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
36cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
14.2” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett: 1.00kg Gross: 1.45kg
Nett: 2.2lbs Gross: 3.2lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B -LC3
Mains Input:
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G E N E R A L I NT E R FAC E S
11 RB-MM1 Mix Minus Generator
Introduction
GEN ER AL INTERFACE S - RB - MM1
Fig 11-1: RB-MM1 Front Panel.
Whenever programming originates from outside of the studio, or if listeners/viewers are
calling up a phone-in using telephone hybrids or codecs, mix-minus feeds are required.
Most telephone lines incur delays which prohibit off-air monitoring, because the caller, or
remote talent, would hear their own voice in delay which is very disconcerting. The solution
is to feed a mix back to the caller minus his or her own voice. Some mixing desks do not
have a dedicated telco channel to generate a clean-feed, or mix minus, so the RB-MM1 can
be used.
The RB-MM1 is a unit for generating a suitable mix to send to a telephone hybrid or codec.
A stereo output is taken from a mixer, together with a post fader output from the mono
telephone fader on the mixer. The caller audio is removed from the station output so that it
can be sent to the telephone line via the hybrid.
Analogue audio inputs and outputs are via Neutrik XLR connectors. The output level to the
TBU can be adjusted using a rear panel pre-set potentiometer. To control the cancellation
null, 2 multi-turn potentiometers are provided, one for the LF null and the other for the fullband null. Additionally, a band pass filter can be switched in and out, via a rear panel switch,
to condition the signal for the telephone hybrid. To use the RB-MM1 unit with full-band
ISDN codecs, the band pass filter can be switched out. For stereo codecs, or conference calls,
multiple RB-MM1 units can be used.
A red LED indicates when power to the RB-MM1 is on.
System Block Diagram
Inputs
Balanced Stereo
Input From Mixer
Output
L
R
Balanced Mono
Input From
Telephone Fader
Null
LF Null
Filter
Switch
Output
Level
Balanced Output
To TBU
Bandpass
Filter
Fig 11-2: RB-MM1 System Block Diagram.
64
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GE NER AL INTERFACES
11
Front Panel Indicator
The LED on the front panel is normally red to indicate that power is present on the unit.
Rear Panel Connections and Operation
From Mixer
Main Output
Null Adjustment
LF FullOutput
Band
to TBU
Bandpass
Output
Filter
Level
Switch
Adjustment
Fig 11-3: RB-MM1 Rear Panel.
Stereo Inputs From Mixer Main Output
These inputs should contain the main mixer output which will be a feed of the programme
plus the audio that you want to remove by the mix-minus unit. Ideally, the input should
be presented at 0dB. The XLR 3 pin sockets used for the left and right channel inputs are
electronically balanced and have an impedance of greater than 10kΩ bridging. Each XLR has
the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen.
Pin 2: Phase.
Pin 3: Non-phase.
Input From Mixer Telephone Fader
This mono input should contain the audio that needs to be removed by the RB-MM1, usually
from the telephone/telco fader of a mixing console. Ideally, the input should be presented
at 0dB. The XLR 3 pin socket used for the mono channel input is electronically balanced and
has an impedance of greater than 20kΩ bridging. The XLR has the following connections:
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B -M M 1
From Mixer
Telephone
Output
Pin 1: Screen.
Pin 2: Phase.
Pin 3: Non-phase.
Output Null Adjustments (LF and Full-Band)
The 2 x null preset potentiometers are used to adjust the null between the input from the
telephone fader and the main stereo input. The telephone input is made anti-phase and
used to cancel out that signal in the main stereo signal. So, the nulls adjust the level of antiphase signal required to achieve the best mix-minus null.
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G E N E R A L I NT E R FAC E S
Band Pass Filter Switch
The band pass filter, when in the ON position, is used to limit the audio bandwidth of the
output to the TBU between 200Hz and 4kHz. When using the RB-MM1 in full bandwidth
equipment, e.g. for ISDN audio codecs, set this switch to the OFF position.
GEN ER AL INTERFACE S - RB - MM1
Output to Telephone Balance Unit (TBU)
The mono XLR 3 pin output plug connector is electronically balanced with an output
impedance of less than 50Ω. It has the following connections:
Pin 1: Screen.
Pin 2: Phase.
Pin 3: Non-phase.
Output Level Adjustment
The TBU output gain can be adjusted from -15dB to +12dB, ref 0dBu by using the LEVEL
preset potentiometer.
Operation of the RB-MM1
Before you receive your RB-MM1, it is calibrated at Sonifex by using two signals of equivalent
amplitude and frequency. In some cases it may require recalibrating for use on a mixer to
match the properties of that mixer. In order to do this make the following connections:
1. Mixer left output to the RB-MM1 left input .
2. Mixer right output to the RB-MM1 right input.
3. Mixer post fade output from the relevant input channel (usually telco) to the RB-MM1
telephone fader input.
Then apply a signal to the input channel and raise the fader to its maximum level. To get the
best results connect a level meter to the “Output to TBU” connector. Alternatively monitor
the output acoustically and tune by ear.
Then adjust the NULL potentiometer until the output is as low as possible, if there is still
some low frequency output adjust the LF NULL as well. The null available on this product is
>40dB at 1kHz.
Technical Specifications RB-MM1
Audio Specification For RB-MM1
66
Maximum Input Level:
+28dBu
Input Impedance:
>20kΩ
Maximum Output Level:
+28dBu
Output Impedance:
<50Ω
Output Gain Range:
Adjustable -15dB to +12dB, ref 0dBu gain via a multi-turn
pot
Redbox User Handbook No 3
GE NER AL INTERFACES
>60dB
Band Pass Filter Range:
200Hz to 4kHz, 12dB/octave
LF Null Adjustment:
Better than 40dB at 100Hz
Mix-Minus Null:
Better than 40dB at 1kHz
Frequency Response:
20Hz - 22kHz ± 0.1dB
Distortion:
0.01% THD @ 1kHz, ref +8dBu output (C-Message
weighted)
Noise:
-90dBu unity gain, ref +6dBu
Connections
Analogue Inputs From
Mixer Output:
2 x XLR 3 pin female (balanced) (L & R)
Analogue Input From
Telephone Fader:
1 x XLR 3 pin female (balanced) (L & R)
Analogue Output To TBU:
1 x XLR 3 pin male (balanced) (L & R)
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, switchable 110-120V, or 220-240V, fused, 6W
max.
Fuse Rating:
Anti-surge fuse 100mA 20 x 5mm (230VAC)
Anti-surge fuse 250mA 20 x 5mm (115VAC)
Equipment Type
RB-MM1:
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B -M M 1
Common Mode Rejection:
11
Mix-minus generator
Physical Specification
Dimensions (Raw):
28cm (W) x 10.8cm (D) x 4.3cm (H)
11” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H)
Dimensions (Boxed):
36cm (W) x 20.5cm (D) x 6cm (H)
14.2” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett: 1.1kg Gross: 1.5kg
Nett: 2.4lbs Gross: 3.3lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
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G E N E R A L I NT E R FAC E S
12 RB-OA3 3 Studio On-Air Switcher
Introduction
Offer LED
GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
Dump LED
Power On Indicator
Delay LED
Studio 2 LED
Studio 3 LED
Studio 1 LED
Fig 12-1: RB-OA3 Front Panel.
The RB-OA3 is a 1U rack-mount, unity gain on-air switcher, capable of switching three stereo
pairs between three studios. Each studio can control the transmission path together with
two peripheral paths for equipment such as a codec or hybrid and there is also a last studio
to offer (LSO) bus, allowing for seamless and continuous broadcast from any multi-studio
radio network. A sustain mode allows for a sustaining system, such as a PC automation
system, to control the broadcast. Multiple RB-OA3 units can be connected together to
switch more studios or more stereo pairs.
The switching is achieved using relays, except the last studio to offer which is switched by
an analogue switch. The transmission path is switched using latching relays. This means that
if there is a power failure to the unit, the transmission path will remain selected.
All studios are connected using 25 way D-types for electronically balanced audio signals and
control is achieved using 15 way D-types, connecting to an external control unit such as the
Sonifex S2-MTBS mixer control panel or the RB-OA3R remote switcher panel.
A transmission mix connection is included to mix into the transmission path audio which is
generic to all studios. This could be used for jingles or adverts for example. The RB-OA3 also
allows for the control of a profanity delay to be shared by all connected studios.
Each studio has the ability to offer the transmission. Once offered, the transmission is fed
to the other studios via the last studio to offer bus. By adding the LSO bus as an input to
the mixer, the next scheduled station can then fade in the transmission and accept at the
appropriate time meaning the transmission can be continuous.
The sustain mode can be used to control an automated studio, such as a PC based overnight
music system which conventionally wouldn’t be in its own studio and would therefore need
external control to take transmission back from it. Think of it as a studio which has no Offer
and Accept controls of its own, but which can still be put to and from transmission by the
other studios.
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The RB-OA3 can be expanded to switch between up to 5 studios or up to 6 stereo pairs by
connecting a multiple of units together. With the addition of a single unit, expansion in
studio mode allows for 2 additional studios to take control of the transmission path and
additional equipment. If the expansion is made in bus mode, then three additional stereo
channels can be added. In total 4 x RB-OA3 units can be connected together to switch 6
stereo pairs between up to 5 studios. An optional cable kit, the RB-OA3C, is available to
connect expansion RB-OA3 units to a master RB-OA3.
The modes are configured by dip switches on the rear of each unit. Two dip switches control
the unit ID and two switches control whether the unit is in studio or bus mode.
System Block Diagram
Control
Panels 1
Control
Panels 2
Control
Panels 3
Studio 1
Dip
Switch
Delay/
Control Dump
Processor
Relay & LSO
Switching
Studio 2
Push
Switch
Transmission
Extra Paths
(1 & 2)
LSO Feeds
Audio
Transformer
Studio 3
Serial
Port
All audio connections are balanced stereo
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
A master unit, defined by a preset ID, conducts all communication between all units.
LSO
Expansion
Mix
Input
Fig 12-2: RB-OA3 System Block Diagram.
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Rear Panel Connections and Operation
Transmission
Output Connector
Studio 2 Control
Connector
Studio 1 Audio Connector
GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
LSO Expansion
Connector
Serial
Port 1
Serial
Port 2
Fuse
Studio 1 Control
Mix Input
Studio 2 Audio
Profanity Delay
IEC Mains
Connector
Connector
Connector
Control
Input
Studio 3 Control
Mode Select
Studio 3 Audio
Mix Input
Connector
Switches
Connector
ON/OFF Switch
Fig 12-3: RB-OA3 Rear Panel.
Installation Guide for the RB-OA3
Setting the Unit’s Identity Using The Mode ID DIP Switches
Multiple RB-OA3 units can be combined to offer expansion of either the number of
studios (STUDIO EXPANSION), or the number of stereo audio pairs available to switch (BUS
EXPANSION), or both (STUDIO & BUS EXPANSION). Up to 4 units can be connected together
and each unit will have a different Mode ID.
The identity of the unit is defined by setting the first two MODE ID DIP switches as per the
following table:
DIP
Switch 1
DIP
Switch 2
Unit Identity Definition
OFF
OFF
MASTER
ON
OFF
STUDIO EXPANSION SLAVE
OFF
ON
BUS EXPANSION SLAVE
ON
ON
STUDIO & BUS EXPANSION SLAVE
Fig 12-4: RB-OA3 Unit Identity Definitions.
If you have just a single RB-OA3, define it as the MASTER, i.e. DIP switches 1 and 2 set to OFF.
For more information on the expansion modes, see pages 72-74.
If you would like to change the identity of a unit, it will have to be reset.
Note: The recommended time to change the unit ID is on power down.
Setting The Boot Up Mode
On first powering up the RB-OA3, the unit will default to giving transmission control to
Studio 1. The third DIP switch controls what studio the unit will boot to on subsequent
initialisations. The different modes provided are:
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OFF
This will set the unit to Force Last Used Studio mode
ON
This will set the unit to Force Studio 1 mode
12
Fig 12-5: RB-OA3 Unit Identity Reset Settings.
Force Last Used Studio Mode
When a studio is selected, the value of that studio is stored in the unit. This is then recalled
on boot up so that the last studio to transmit is reconnected. This is useful in loss of
power situations, since the latching relays will remain in position on start up, leaving the
transmission path unaffected.
Note: When connecting multiple units together ensure that there is only one of
each type of unit. If you connect units of the same type, communication errors
will occur. For security, once initialized, the unit will retain its ID until power down
regardless of any DIP switch changes.
Configuring for Operation
The RB-OA3 can be used in both single (MASTER) and multiple expansion modes.
Single (MASTER) Mode
When used as a single (MASTER) unit, the RB-OA3 is used to switch 3 stereo busses between
3 studios, allowing them to share the same transmission path and peripheral devices such
as hybrids or profanity delays. A single unit must always be configured as a MASTER unit.
Studio Connections
Each connector has a dedicated channel for the master transmission and for each of the two
additional balanced stereo channels. The connector also provides the Last Studio to Offer
(LSO) feed. The Transmission path is a latched pathway so that it will remain even if there is
no power supply. For this reason, the transmission output of your mixer should always be
routed to this channel. The peripheral channels are non-latching.
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
Force Studio 1 Mode
On boot up Studio 1 is given transmission control. This is useful for returning the unit to a
known position.
Control Panels
Connect the chosen control panels, such as an RB-OA3R, one to each STUDIO CONTROL
port. The control ports are designed to allow 200mA at 15V from each chosen connector.
An excess will cause a polyfuse to cut the voltage supply which can be reset by removing
the load.
Profanity Delay Connector
You can control a profanity delay connected to the unit. The control pulses are relay based
and can be wired either normally open or normally closed, to route a common signal.
Mix Input
If the mix input is to be used, connect the source to the unit. If not, the socket must be
terminated, or the MIX INPUT ON/OFF switch must be OFF, otherwise the output signal may
experience a loss of level (see page 80).
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LSO Expansion Port
Leave disconnected.
Serial Ports
Leave these disconnected.
DIP Switch Settings
Studio Expansion
M
GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
Master Transmission
S
Fig 12-6: RB-OA3 Studio Expansion Diagram.
Connect two units to allow the switching of 3 stereo busses between 5 studios giving the
user control over more studios. To achieve this configure one unit as the MASTER and one
unit as the STUDIO EXPANSION:
Studio Connections
Connect three studios to the master unit and connect the MASTER RB-OA3 TRANSMISSION
OUTPUT to the STUDIO 1 AUDIO input of the STUDIO EXPANSION RB-OA3 using a
transmission expansion cable (available in the RB-OA3C cable pack). Then connect studios 4
and 5 to the STUDIO 2 AUDIO and STUDIO 3 AUDIO connectors on the STUDIO EXPANSION
SLAVE unit. The TRANSMISSION OUTPUTS port of the STUDIO EXPANSION unit is the main
output of this system.
Control Panels
Connect three control panels to the MASTER STUDIO CONTROL PORTS 1 - 3, one for
each studio. The control panels for studio 4 and 5 need to be connected to the STUDIO 2
CONTROL and STUDIO 3 CONTROL ports of the STUDIO EXPANSION unit.
Profanity Delay Connector
A profanity delay can be connected to either of the two units. However, it is recommended
that it is connected to the MASTER. See Single (MASTER) Mode set up for more information.
Mix Input
The mix input must be connected to STUDIO EXPANSION unit to ensure that the mix input
is on all five studios. Ensure that the MASTER mix input is terminated correctly or that the
MIX INPUT ON/OFF switch is OFF (see page 80).
LSO Expansion
The LSO feed needs to travel between the units. Do this by connecting the LSO expansion
ports on each unit with an LSO expansion cable (available in the RB-OA3C cable pack).
Serial Ports
Connect the serial ports of the MASTER and STUDIO EXPANSION units together using a
standard RJ45 network cable (available in the RB-OA3C cable pack).
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Bus Expansion
12
DIP Switch Settings
Master Transmission
M
B
Connect two units to allow the switching of 6 stereo busses between 3 studios so that
the studios can share more peripheral devices. To achieve this configure one unit as the
MASTER and one unit as the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE:
Studio Connections
Connect three studios to the MASTER unit and connect the MASTER TRANSMISSION
OUTPUT to your transmission output destination. The BUS EXPANSION SLAVE switches as
the MASTER.
To access the three extra balanced stereo channels, connect to the transmission and
peripheral paths of the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE STUDIO 1-3 AUDIO connectors. The outputs
for these paths will be the TRANSMISSION OUTPUT of the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE.
Control Panels
Connect three studio control panels to the MASTER STUDIO CONTROL PORTS 1 - 3, one for
each studio. If control panels are connected to the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE the LEDS will
simply follow the master control panels, however no action can be initiated with a slave
control panel.
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
Fig 12-7: RB-OA3 Bus Expansion Diagram.
Profanity Delay Connector
A profanity delay can be connected to either of the two units. However, it is recommended
that it is connected to the MASTER. See Single (MASTER) Mode set up for more information.
Mix Input
The mix input must be connected to the MASTER. Because it’s not being used, ensure that
the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE mix input is terminated correctly or that the MIX INPUT ON/OFF
switch is OFF for this SLAVE (see page 80).
LSO Expansion
Leave disconnected on both units.
Serial Ports
Connect the serial ports of the MASTER and BUS EXPANSION SLAVE units together using a
standard RJ45 network cable (not a cross-over cable).
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Studio & Bus (4 Unit) Expansion
DIP Switch Settings
DIP Switch Settings
GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
Master Transmission
M
S
B
B&S
Fig 12-8: RB-OA3 Studio & Bus Expansion Diagram.
Connect two units to allow the switching of 6 stereo busses between 3 studios allowing
the studios to share more peripheral devices. To achieve this configure one unit is set as
the MASTER, one unit as the STUDIO EXPANSION SLAVE, one unit as the BUS EXPANSION
SLAVE and one unit as the STUDIO & BUS EXPANSION SLAVE:
Studio Connections
Connect the STUDIO EXPANSION SLAVE and the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE as shown
previously to give you a system of three units. The STUDIO & BUS EXPANSION SLAVE
is added as a bus expansion for studios 4 and 5. To connect this unit, use a second
transmission connection cable to connect the TRANSMISSION OUTPUT of the BUS
EXPANSION SLAVE with the STUDIO 1 AUDIO connector of the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE.
The TRANSMISSION OUTPUT from the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE acts as the I/O for all the bus
expansion paths.
Control Panels
Connect three control panels to the MASTER STUDIO CONTROL PORTS 1 - 3, one for each
studio. The control panels for studio 4 and 5 need to be connected to STUDIO CONTROL
PORTS 2 and 3 of the STUDIO EXPANSION. There is no need to connect control panels to the
BUS EXPANSION SLAVE and STUDIO & BUS EXPANSION SLAVE although, if connected, they
will reflect the situation shown by the control panels connected to the MASTER and STUDIO
EXPANSION SLAVE units.
Profanity Delay Connector
A profanity delay can be connected to either of the four units. However, it is recommended
that it is connected to the MASTER. See Single (MASTER) Mode set up for more information.
Mix Input
The mix input must be connected to the STUDIO EXPANSION SLAVE to ensure that the mix
input is on all five studios. Ensure that the MASTER mix input is terminated correctly or that
the MIX INPUT ON/OFF switch is OFF (see page 80).
LSO Expansion
The LSO feed needs to travel between units. This is achieved by connecting the LSO
expansion ports on the MASTER and STUDIO EXPANSION with an LSO expansion cable
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(available in the RB-OA3C cable pack). For the BUS EXPANSION SLAVE and STUDIO & BUS
EXPANSION SLAVE, there is no need to connect the LSO expansion cables since the LSO is
not used in bus expansion.
Serial Ports
RB-OA3 1
RB-OA3 2
RB-OA3 4
RB-OA3 3
Connect the serial ports of the MASTER and all the SLAVE units together using a standard
RJ45 network cable. It is recommended that a full ring system is implemented by
connecting each unit to two others.
This ensures that if one connection is lost, there is still a path for communication for each
unit. If the decision is taken to use three cables rather than four, please ensure that there is a
direct link between the MASTER and STUDIO EXPANSION SLAVES.
Indications – How The LEDS Are Used
FRONT PANEL LEDS
The unit is supplied with 7 LEDs on the front panel. These LEDs are used to indicate all the
various states of the unit:
POWER
This LED is used to indicate whether the unit is currently powered. It is illuminated RED if the
unit is powered and extinguished if not.
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
Fig 12-9: RB-OA3 Multiple RB-OA3 Expansion Diagram.
DELAY
This LED is used to show whether the Delay function has been activated. Its operation
is momentary and each burst will last for approximately half a second. If the button is
illuminated RED this means that the delay pulse has been activated.
DUMP
This LED is used to show whether the Dump function has been activated. Its operation
is momentary and each burst will last for approximately half a second. If the button is
illuminated RED this means that the dump pulse has been activated.
OFFER
This LED is used to show whether the system is currently in OFFER mode. This LED is
illuminated YELLOW while the unit is on offer and extinguished otherwise. If this LED flashes
this means that the unit is currently in SUSTAIN ACTIVE mode (see page 77).
STUDIO 1-3
These LEDS are used to indicate which studio is currently switched to the transmission path.
Each one is illuminated RED to represent each specific studio when that studio is switched
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in. When the unit is operating as a STUDIO EXPANSION SLAVE, if one of the MASTER unit’s
studios is routed to the transmission path, STUDIO 1 LED will always be illuminated. If one of
SLAVE’S studios is selected, the MASTER unit’s studio indications will all be extinguished.
GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
CONTROL PANEL LEDS
Each of the control panel connectors has the ability to switch on four LEDS. In the case of
the S2-MTBS and the RB-OA3R, the LEDS are built into the buttons.
OFFER
This LED is used to show whether the system is currently in OFFER mode. This LED is
illuminated while the unit is on offer and extinguished otherwise. If this LED flashes this
means that the unit is currently in SUSTAIN ACTIVE mode.
ACCEPT
This LED is illuminated if the studio is currently on the transmission path. In SUSTAIN ARMED
mode this LED will flash repeatedly until the specific studio is selected. The ACCEPT LED will
always flash to indicate SUSTAIN ARMED mode.
DELAY
This LED is used to show whether the studio has activated a delay pulse. It is illuminated
when a delay pulse is activated.
DUMP
This LED is used to show whether the studio has activated a dump pulse. It is illuminated
when a dump pulse is activated.
EMERGENCY MODE
If the MASTER loses contact with any of the SLAVES, the SLAVES will enter emergency
mode. In emergency mode all the LEDS except the power led will flash repeatedly until
contact with the master is re-established.
Operational Modes
OFFER
If a studio is transmitting, this mode is used to offer the transmission path to other studios.
When the OFFER button is pressed, the OFFER button in all studios is illuminated. This
unlocks the operation of the ACCEPT button in all other studios. To remove this mode,
simply press the OFFER button again. Pressing this also switches the current studio to the
LSO bus.
ACCEPT
This mode is used to accept the transmission path. To do this, press the ACCEPT button once
the offer has been made. Once the studio has accepted, this switches the OFFER, DELAY,
DUMP and SUSTAIN functions to that studio.
SUSTAIN
This mode is used to switch to a sustaining service, for example, a PC automation system,
which conventionally wouldn’t be in its own studio and would therefore need external
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control to take transmission back from it. Think of it as a studio which has no Offer and
Accept controls of its own, but which can still be put to and from transmission by the other
studios.
The sustain studio is Studio 3 by default and this cannot be changed. Once the sustain
function is activated, the transmission path switches instantly to Studio 3 and is
automatically offered back to all studios. To enter SUSTAIN mode, press the OFFER button to
enter offer mode then hold the ACCEPT button for three seconds. DELAY and DUMP modes
are inactive in SUSTAIN.
The SUSTAIN mode has two phases:
SUSTAIN ARMED
In this phase, a studio is ready to take control. The OFFER button is constantly lit in the
studio that triggered this phase and the ACCEPT will flash in both the arming studio and
Studio 3. In the other studios, all the buttons will be inactive and the LEDS will all be off.
The arming studio can now accept the transmission path by pressing the ACCEPT button.
If the arming studio wants to return the unit to SUSTAIN ACTIVE phase, the OFFER button
should be pressed.
DELAY/DUMP
These functions are used to control a profanity delay. To use these functions route the
transmission to the delay unit control input and setup the delay unit accordingly. The
output is then taken from the delay unit. The unit has both a normally closed and normally
open relay trigger. When the DELAY or DUMP button is pressed, a half second pulse triggers
the specific relay which will either connect to, or break, the connection with a Common
signal (supplied from the delay unit).
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
SUSTAIN ACTIVE
In this phase, studio 3 is transmitting and the offer is made to all studios. The offer button
flashes in all studios to let the controllers know that the sustain mode is active. To retrieve
the control, a studio must press the flashing OFFER button. SUSTAIN mode then enters
phase 2, SUSTAIN ARMED.
EMERGENCY
In the multiple unit cases there is an EMERGENCY mode. This mode is activated with
the SLAVE units to alert the user that communication with the MASTER has broken down.
In this mode, all LEDS associated with the unit will start flashing (except the POWER LED).
While the unit is in this mode it will not respond to any commands. Once the unit
re-establishes a connection with the MASTER, the unit will return to the position it was in
prior to the disconnection, if the MASTER is unchanged, or it will update if the MASTER has
changed. As an extra safety feature, if the STUDIO EXPANSION SLAVE loses communication
while studio 4 or 5 is transmitting, the MASTER will lock all ability to change transmission
studio until contact is re-established. If the MASTER loses power or all communication
paths, all SLAVES will display emergency mode. In addition if any SLAVE loses power it will
automatically reboot into the correct state.
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Transmission Studio
ACCEPT
OFFER
Other Studio
ACCEPT
OFFER
ACCEPT
STATE
GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
Press OFFER
to offer control
OFFER
STATE
Press OFFER to
take back control
Studio 3 Always
Transmission Studio
ACCEPT
OFFER
Press ACCEPT
to take control
Other Studio
ACCEPT
OFFER
SUSTAIN
ACTIVE
STATE
Press OFFER to arm
SUSTAIN MODE
Press OFFER to arm
SUSTAIN MODE
SUSTAIN
ARMED
STATE
(IF ANOTHER
STUDIO ARMS)
Press ACCEPT to take control or
press OFFER to return to
SUSTAIN ACTIVE
SUSTAIN
ARMED
STATE
(IF STUDIO
3 ARMS)
Press OFFER to
take back control
Fig 12-10: Offer & Accept Button Operation (Flashing is indicated by radial lines around a button).
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Rear Panel Connections & Operation
LSO Expansion
The connector is 9 a pin female D-type and is used to transfer the last studio to offer channel
between units, when used in multiple unit mode.
LSO Expansion Connector Details
LSO Input Left Phase
2
LSO Input Right Phase
3
LSO Output Left Phase
4
LSO Output Right Phase
5
Analogue Ground
6
LSO Input Left Non Phase
7
LSO Input Right Non Phase
8
LSO Output Left Non Phase
9
LSO Output Right Non Phase
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
1
Fig 12-11: RB-OA3 LSO Expansion Connector Definitions.
5
1
9
6
Analogue Ground
LSO Input Left
LSO Output Right
LSO Output Left
LSO Input Right
Fig 12-12: RB-OA3 LSO Expansion Connector Details.
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Mix Input Selection
The interface is a 9 pin female D-type and is used to mix a stereo feed into the transmission
path by using the MIX INPUT ON/OFF SWITCH, push button (rear panel, located next to the
mix input). This could be an emergency announcement system, PC automation playout
system, or other audio source.
Note: If this input is not being used it must either be switched off using the pushbutton, or terminated by connecting pins 2 & 7 together and pins 4 & 9 together. If it is
not terminated the noise on the transmission output can be worse by 3-6dB.
GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
Mix Input Connector Details
1
Mix Input Right Phase
2
Mix Input Right Non Phase
3
Mix Input Left Phase
4
Mix Input Left Non Phase
5
NC
6
Analogue Ground
7
Impedance Connection
8
Analogue Ground
9
Impedance Connection
Fig 12-13: RB-OA3 Mix Input Connector Definitions.
5
1
9
6
If not being used these pins
must be connected
Mix Input Left
Mix Input Right
If not being used these pins
must be connected
Fig 12-14: RB-OA3 Mix Input Connector Details.
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Transmission Outputs and Studio 1-3 Audio Connection Details
There are three studio interfaces to connect three individual studios to the unit. There is also
a transmission interface which carries the main transmission output and 2 balanced stereo
connections for interfacing with external units such as hybrids, or codecs, which you may
want to share between studios. These are all 25 way female D-Types and they each carry 4
balanced stereo pairs or 8 mono.
Transmission Outputs I/O Connector Details
Transmission Left Phase (Output)
3
Transmission Right Non Phase (Output)
4
1st external unit Left Phase (Input/Output)
6
1st external unit Right Non Phase (Input/Output)
7
2nd external unit Left Phase (Input/Output)
9
2nd external unit Right Non Phase (Input/Output)
14
Transmission Left Non Phase (Output)
15
Transmission Right Phase (Output)
17
1st external unit Left Non Phase (Input/Output)
18
1st external unit Right Phase (Input/Output)
20
2nd external unit Left Non Phase (Input/Output)
21
2nd external unit Right Non Phase (Input/Output)
All other pins are analogue ground.
Fig 12-15: RB-OA3 Transmission I/O Connector Definitions.
13
1
25
14
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
1
Transmission Left
2nd External Unit Right
Transmission Right
2nd External Unit Left
1st External Unit Right
1st External Unit Left
Fig 12-16: RB-OA3 Transmission Outputs Connector Details.
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GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
Studio 1-3 Audio Connection Details
1
Transmission Left Phase (Input)
3
Transmission Right Non Phase (Input)
4
1st external unit Left Phase (Input/Output)
6
1st external unit Right Non Phase (Input/Output)
7
2nd external unit Left Phase (Input/Output)
9
2nd external unit Right Non Phase (Input/Output)
10
Last Studio to Offer Left Phase (Output)
12
Last Studio to Offer Right Non Phase (Output)
14
Transmission Left Non Phase (Input)
15
Transmission Right Phase (Input)
17
1st external unit Left Non Phase (Input/Output)
18
1st external unit Right Phase (Input/Output)
20
2nd external unit Left Non Phase (Input/Output)
21
2nd external unit Right Phase (Input/Output)
23
Last Studio to Offer Left Non Phase (Output)
24
Last Studio to Offer Right Phase (Output)
All other pins are analogue ground.
Fig 12-17: RB-OA3 Studio 1-3 Audio Connector Definitions.
13
1
25
14
Last Studio to Offer Right
2nd External Unit Right
1st External Unit Right
Last Studio to Offer Left
2nd External Unit Left
1st External Unit Left
Transmission Right
Transmission Left
Fig 12-18: RB-OA3 Studio 1-3 Audio Connector Details.
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Studio 1-3 Control Port Connection Details
Each studio can be controlled externally via the optional RB-OA3R rack control system or, if
the studio uses the Sonifex S2 mixer, the S2-MTBS panel which can be connected to the unit
via these control ports. Each control panel enables control of the Offer, Accept and Sustain
functions as well as Dump and Delay.
There is a pin for each function which needs to be pulled low to activate the function.
There is also a pin that becomes grounded once that function is selected. This is so that an
indicator such as a tally LED can be used. There is also a Digital Ground and 15V supply.
The connectors are 15 pin Female D-types.
15V
2
Offer Signal Input
3
Offer LED
4
Accept Signal Input
5
Accept LED
6
Delay Signal Input
7
Delay LED
8
Dump Signal Input
9
Dump LED
15
Digital Ground
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
1
All other pins are unused.
Fig 12-19: RB-OA3 Studio 1-3 Control Connector Definitions.
8
1
15
9
For Switch Control
Offer, accept,
delay or dump
Signal Input
For Lamp Control
15V (Pin 1) or Own Voltage Source
Momentary switch
GND (Pin 15)
Lamp
Circuitry
Offer, accept, delay
or dump LED
Fig 12-20: RB-OA3 Switch & Lamp Control Details.
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GEN ER AL IN TERFACE S - RB - OA 3
Profanity Delay Control
A profanity delay unit can be attached and controlled to the unit via this interface. The
control is achieved using a relay. Each function has an input pin and two possible output
pins. The relay can be configured to complete the circuit and route back the input signal
either normally open or normally closed, depending on which output pin is used. The
interface is 9 pin male D-type.
1
Digital Ground
2
NC
3
Delay Normally Closed Output
4
Dump Input Signal
5
Dump Normally Open Output
6
NC
7
Delay Input signal
8
Delay Normally Open Output
9
Dump Normally Closed Output
Fig 12-21: RB-OA3 Profanity Delay Control Connector Definitions..
5
1
9
6
Dump Connections
Digital Ground
Delay Connections
Fig 12-22: RB-OA3 Profanity Delay Control Connector Details.
Serial Ports
There are two parallel serial ports on the back of each unit to enable the connection of
multiple RB-OA3 units. These use standard RJ-45 connectors.
When connecting multiple RB-OA3 units together, simply connect these ports together.
If you have more than two RB-OA3 units, multiple connections can be made to ensure that
all units communicate even if one connection is lost.
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Technical Specifications RB-OA3
LSO Path:
>20kΩ
Output Impedance:
<50Ω
Gain Range:
Unity gain
Frequency Response:
20Hz to 20kHz ±0.1dB
Common Mode Rejection:
< -52dB typically
Distortion:
0.01%THD @ 1 kHz
Noise:
~ -87dB unity gain, ref +8dBu
Mix Audio Transformer Specifications:
Common Mode Rejection:
< -64dB @ 10kHz
Distortion:
0.5% THD ref 17dBu @ 40Hz
Bandwidth:
±0.5dBu 10Hz to 36kHz
Connections:
Studio Audio I/O:
3 x 25 way D type socket (female)
Transmission I/O:
1 x 25 way D type socket (female)
Dump/Delay Control:
1 x 9 way D type plug (male)
Studio Control:
3 x 15 way D type sockets (female)
LSO Expansion Port:
1 x 9 way D type socket (female)
Mix Input:
1 x 9 way D type socket (female)
Serial Ports:
2 x RJ45
Mains Input:
Filtered IEC, 110V-120V, or 220-240V
switchable, fused, 9W maximum
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3
Input Impedance:
Equipment Type
RB-OA3:
3 studio on-air switcher
Physical Specification
Dimensions (Raw):
48cm (W) x 15.8cm (D ) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
19” (W) x 6.2” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
59cm (W) x 27.4cm (D ) x 10.8cm (H)
23.2” (W) x 10.8” (D) x 4.3” (H)
Weight:
Nett: 1.9kg Gross: 2.5kg
Nett: 4.2lbs Gross: 5.5lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
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G E N E R A L I NT E R FAC E S
RB-OA3R Remote Switch Panel For RB-OA3
Introduction
GENE R AL IN TERFACES - RB - OA 3 R
Power On
Indicator
Offer Button
Accept Button
Dump Button
Delay Button
Fig 12-23: RB-OA3R Front Panel.
The RB-OA3 has been designed for installation in a central technical area with cabling to
custom panels, or selection switches, in each studio. If you don’t have any custom switch
panels available, you can use an RB-OA3R in each studio. The RB-OA3R is a 1U rack mount
switch unit for use in each studio that needs to be connected to the STUDIO 1-3 CONTROL
connectors on an RB-OA3. It takes it’s power from the RB-OA3 unit so needs no power
supply itself.
It contains four buttons which are used to control the functions of the RB-OA3. Each front
panel push button is illuminated by coloured LEDs and controls the OFFER, ACCEPT, DELAY
and DUMP functions:
Offer
Green
Accept
Red
Delay
Yellow
Dump
Yellow
Fig 12-24: RB-OA3R Control Function lndication Colours.
The connector on the rear of the RB-OA3R is a 15 way D type plug which connects to the
Studio Control inputs on the RB-0A3.
Studio Control Connector
Fig 12-25: RB-OA3R Rear Panel.
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The connections are as follows:
15V
2
Offer Switch
3
Offer Lamp
4
Accept Switch
5
Accept Lamp
6
Delay Switch
7
Delay Lamp
8
Dump Switch
9
Dump Lamp
15
Ground
Fig 12-26: RB-OA3R Pin Out Definitions.
8
1
15
9
Fig 12-27: RB-OA3R Pin Out Positions.
The 15V supply is fed through resistors to the LEDs. When any button is pressed, the switch
links Ground to the switch pin of that specific button. When this is detected by the RB-OA3,
it grounds the specific lamp pin, which grounds the LED, turning it on.
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3R
1
This unit connects directly to the RB-OA3 control panel interfaces using a pin to pin
15 way lead.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
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G E N E R A L I NT E R FAC E S
Technical Specifications RB-OA3R
Connections:
Studio Control:
1 x 15 way D type plug (male)
Equipment Type
GENE R AL IN TERFACES - RB - OA 3 R
RB-OA3R:
88
Remote switch panel for RB-OA3
Physical Specification
Dimensions (Raw):
48cm (W) x 10.8cm (D ) x 4.2cm (H) (1U)
19” (W) x 4.3” (D) x 1.7” (H) (1U)
Dimensions (Boxed):
53cm (W) x 20.5cm (D ) x 6cm (H)
21” (W) x 8” (D) x 2.4” (H)
Weight:
Nett: 1.2kg Gross: 1.8kg
Nett: 2.6lbs Gross: 4lbs
Redbox User Handbook No 3
GE NER AL INTERFACES
12
RB-OA3C Expansion Unit Cable Kit For RB-OA3
Introduction
If you add another RB-OA3 to an existing unit to expand either the number of busses or
studios, you need additional cables to connect it which are contained in this kit:
1 x Transmission output expansion cable, 25 pin D-type male to 25 pin D-type male, 30cm
lead, wired pin to pin.
1 x RS232 expansion cable, RJ45 to RJ45 standard wiring, 30cm lead.
1 x kit should be used for each expansion RB-OA3 being used.
Technical Specifications RB-OA3C
Equipment Type
RB-OA3C:
Redbox User Handbook No 3
Expansion unit cable kit for RB-OA3
G E N E R A L I N TERFACES - R B - OA3C
1 x LSO expansion cable, 9 pin D-type male to 9 pin D-type male, 30cm lead, wired pin
to pin.
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CO N N E C TO R S & C A B LI NG
13 Connectors & Cabling
Many of the problems associated with installing and maintaining studio equipment are due
to the use of poor cables or faulty connections. It is recommended that, wherever possible,
pre-wired cables are purchased from recommended manufacturers. If you need bespoke
cables making, please ensure that a qualified engineer carries out the work.
CON N EC TORS & C A BLI N G
The main types of connectors used with the Redboxes are the following:
XLR 3 Pin Connectors
The following diagram shows the pin details for the 3 pin XLR sockets and plugs:
Male
Female
Pin 2
Phase Signal (Hot)
Pin 2
Phase Signal (Hot)
Pin 1
Screen Signal
Pin 1
Screen Signal
Pin 3
Non Phase Signal (Cold)
Pin 3
Non Phase Signal (Cold)
Fig 13-1: XLR Connectors.
RCA Phono Connectors
The following diagram shows the connection details for the RCA phono connectors:
Ground
Signal
Fig 13-2: RCA Phono Connector.
¼” Jack Connector
The following diagram shows the connection details for the jack connector:
¼” ‘A’ Gauge Stereo Jack Plug
(In Phase) Tip-Hot Signal
(Non Phase) Ring-Cold Signal
Sleeve-Ground (Screen) Signal
¼” ‘A’ Gauge Stereo Jack Plug
Used For Headphones
Tip-Left Signal
Ring-Right Signal
Sleeve-Ground (Screen) Signal
Fig 13-3: ¼” Jack Connector.
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CONNE C TORS & C ABLIN G
13
D-Type Connectors
The following diagram shows the connection details for the D-type connectors as viewed
from the rear of a Redbox :
Pin 1
Male
Pin 14
Pin 13
Pin 13
Pin 25
Pin 25
Female
Pin 1
Pin 14
Fig 13-4: 25 Way D-Type Connectors.
Male
Pin 10
Pin 9
Pin 9
Pin 15
Pin 15
Female
Pin 1
Pin 10
Fig 13-5: 15 Way D-Type Connectors.
Pin 1
Male
Pin 6
Pin 5
Pin 5
Pin 9
Pin 9
Fig 13-6: 9 Way D-Type Connectors.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
Female
Pin 1
Pin 6
CON N E C TORS & C ABLIN G
Pin 1
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G LO SS A RY
14
Glossary
G LOS S A RY
1kHz
ADSL
92
1000Hz or 1 kilohertz tone of 1kHz is often used for line-up and testing.
Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Link - a broadband delivery system over
standard telephone lines (between the exchange and the user).
AES
Audio Engineering Society.
AES/EBU
Professional digital audio standard covering frame format, connections
and interfaces. Interface is usually on XLR sockets and plugs.
AM
Amplitude Modulation - older analogue modulation standard used on
long, medium and short wave.
APT-X
Data reduction process for reducing the amount ofstorage or bit-rate
need for audio.
ATRAC
Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding - the data reduction of compression
scheme used in Mini-disk machines.
Attenuation The reduction of a signal level. Attenuation is usually measured in dB.
B-Channel
Bearer Channel - the main carrier channels used in ISDN.
Balance
The relative levels of the left and right channels of a stereo signal.
Balanced
A way of sending audio over cable that protects it from induced
Audio
interference.
CAR
See racks room.
CAT 5
Category 5 - type of cabling/connectivity standards used in
computer networking.
CD
Compact Disc.
Cleanfeed
A cleanfeed is a signal produced by a telco module on a mixer which is
used as the output to be fed back to a caller on a telephone line.
The cleanfeed is a sum of all the other signals which constitute the
programme output, except for the caller’s audio. A cleanfeed signal will
generally be of a better quality than a mix-minus signal.
Clipping
The onset of severe distortion in the signal path, usually caused by the
peak signal voltage being limited.
CMRR
Common Mode Rejection Ratio. This is the ratio of the extent to which a
differential amplifier will cancel noise, which is present on both inputs,
compared to its ability to amplify the signal.
CODEC
COder-DECoder - used to change a signal from one format to another
and back again.
Codecs
Using digital circuits being offered by telecom providers, usually ISDN
(Integrated Services Data Networks) or other data transfer methods,
audio can be transferred with good to excellent quality over what almost
amount to dial-up telephone lines. The units operate by Coding the
audio into a digital data stream that can be transferred over the digital
circuit which is Decoded at the receiving end (Thus CoDec).
By using single or multiple circuits, very high quality audio can be
transferred from one place to another, even internationally.
Cross-talk
This is the amount of a signal from a bus which appears, or is induced,
on a different signal. The problem is usually most prevalent with
adjacent channels.
DA
Distribution Amplifier.
DAB
Digital Audio Broadcasting = now called Digital Radio.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
GLOSSARY
DAT
dB (decibel)
DCF
DDS &
DDS-2
DLS
DSP
EBU
EIN
ENG
EON
EQ
FM
FSD
3G
Gain
GRAM
HDLC
Hybrid
IEC
ISDN
Redbox User Handbook No 3
G LOS S A RY
DI
Digital Audio Tape.
A ratio of two voltages or signal levels, expressed by the equation
dB=20LOG(V1/V2)
Adding the suffix “u” denotes that the signal is relative to 0.775V RMS.
Adding the suffix “v” denotes that the signal is relative to 1V RMS.
This is radio code signal sourced from Mainflingen, near Frankfurt in
Germany, which can be used to automatically synchronize the
Sentinel+ audio logger and PC time to an accurate atomic clock,
European Time.
DDS and DDS-2 are world-wide standards established by Sony and
Hewlett-Packard which introduce many levels of error checking as data
is written to a DAT tape. DDS(-2) drives and tapes are used in security
products all over the world. 120m DDS-2 DAT tapes are more accurate
and reliable than DDS tapes and are able to store twice as much
audio data.
Direct Inject - a means of driving audio, usually from an instrument such
as a guitar, to allow the audio signal to be fed directly into a sound
desk input.
Dynamic Label segment - a text message scheme used in digital radio,
usually to carry information about the programme. Like the radio-text
scheme used in RDS.
Digital Signal Processing.
European Broadcasting Union.
Equivalent input noise. It is the ratio of output noise to the gain. It
describes the level of noise which would need to be fed into an ideal
amplifier to produce the measured output noise.
(Electronic news gathering). Machines that can record audio and
video information digitally.
(RDS) Enhance Other Networks - a scheme for switching a listener’s radio
to another Effective Radiated Power.
(Equalisation). This is a method of cutting or boosting selected bands of
frequencies in a signal.
Frequency Modulation - a way of sending audio or data over a radio
carrier, the 88 - 108 Broadcast Band is often known as the FM Band.
Full Scale Digits - This is the analogue representation of the maximum
digital value that the converter in question can see before digital
clipping occurs.
Third generation mobile telephone system that may allow broadband
transmission of Global Positioning System.
The degree of amplification, or attenuation, applied to a signal.
Gramophone Reproducer - a turntable with a ‘pick-up’ amplifier and
remote start interface.
High Speed Data Link.
See TBU
International Elecrotechnical Commision - often used to refer to a mains
connectivity standard, i.e. A type of plug/socket similar to that of a kettle,
used on most pro-audio equipment.
Integrated Services Digital Network - a system for sending high bandwidth
material over standard telephone lines.
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G LO SS A RY
kbps
kHz
LAN
G LOS S A RY
LCD
LED
LNB
MCR
MDU
MF
MHz
Mix-minus
Mono
MP3
MPEG
MSF
Musicam
MUX
Pan
PFL
PI Code
PPM
Promo
PS Name
(RDS)
PSU
PTY
94
Kilo-bits per second - the number of 1s or 0s transmitted or transferred in
one second.
Kilo Hertz (samples per second).
Local Area Network - scheme where several computers on the same
premises are connected together so that they can exchange data.
Liquid Crystal Display (grey displays e.g. on calculators).
Light Emitting Diode (small lights e.g. on computers).
Low Noise Block - the RF amplifier attached to a satellite dish.
See racks room.
Mains Distribution Unit - a panel of mains outlets for power distribution.
Medium Frequency - another name for Medium Wave - roughly
frequencies between 300kHz and 3MHz.
Mega-hertz - One million cycles per second.
A mix-minus is similar to a cleanfeed except that the caller’s voice is
removed from the signal electronically. Due to phasing problems at the
signal band edges, the mix-minus method often produces a lower
grade signal.
Monophonic sound (system of broadcasting, recording or reproducing
sound) using only one channel between source and loudspeaker.
MPEG 1 Layer 3 - see MPEG.
(ISO MPEG) Motion Picture Experts Group. For audio, this is used to refer
to a framing format standard. There are several layers and variants. Most
common ones are listed below.
MPEG 1 Layer 1 Used for Digital Compact Cassette.
MPEG 1 Layer 2 (Musicam) used in digital radio, digital terrestrial
television, ISDN and many hard-disk storage systems.
MPEG 1 Layer 3 Known as MP3. A more elaborate version of
MPEG 1 Layer 2 that allows for audio storage using low bit-rates.
This is radio code signal sourced from Rugby in England, which can be
used to automatically synchronize the Sentinel+ audio logger and PC
time to an accurate atomic clock, UK Time.
Masking Pattern Universal Sub-Band Encoding.
Short for Multiplex - a ‘package’ of digital radio services.
This controls the levels sent to the left and right outputs and is an
abbreviation of ‘panorama’.
(Pre Fade Listen, or Cue). This is a method of auditioning audio material
independently of the programme output, without routing the signal
to air. The PFL button on each channel routes the signal to the PFL bus,
where it can be monitored.
(RDS) Programme Information Code used to identify an FM RDS station.
Peak Performance Meter (BBC Specification).
Something used to promote a product.
Programme Service Name - 8 characters used for naming an
FM RDS station.
Power Supply Unit.
(RDS and DAB) Programme Type. A code transmitted to describe the
overall programme content of a radio station (Static PTY) and/or the
moment by moment content (Dynamic PTY). RDS has 32 codes although
3 are used in special circumstances only.
Redbox User Handbook No 3
GLOSSARY
Racks Room
RDS
Reverb
RF
RJ-45
S/PDIF
T/B
TBU
TCP/IP
Telephone
Balance
Unit (TBU)
or Hybrid
THD
TMC
TP
U
UPS
VHF
VP
VSWR
VU
WAP
X21
XLR
Redbox User Handbook No 3
G LOS S A RY
SPL
TA
Often called the Master Control Room (MCR) or Central Apparatus Room
(CAR), the racks room is an engineering area containing studio routing
to transmitter equipment. Outside sources, phone-in equipment, off-air
and transmitter status monitoring and logging equipment (or the
transmitter itself !) are stored here with limited access.
Radio Data System.
An echo (in very basic terms).
Radio Frequency.
A connection standard used in computer networking.
Sony/Phillips Digital Interface. Domestic digital audio interface standard
using phono connectors or optically using fibre-optic connectors.
Sound Pressure Level.
Traffic Announcement (flag) - a means of signalling to a radio with FM
RDS indicating that traffic/travel news is being broadcast.
Talk-back (and reverse talk-back). This is the ability for two or more
studios to communicate with each other off-air.
See Telephone Balance Unit
Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. Computer
interconnection methodology used on the internet and LANs.
Telephone hybrids provide the interface between professional audio
equipment and the public telephone network. They provide protection
for your equipment and the public telephone lines, allowing for varying
line signals and line conditions. Automatically cancelling out the
unwanted signal they also facilitate two-way communication down a
single telephone line. In most European countries, including the UK, the
TBU must be approved for connection to telephone company lines. Sonifex
TBU’s carry British Telecom and pan European approval.
The Total Harmonic Distortion is the percentage presence of signals
outside the measured reference frequency.
(RDS) Traffic Message Channel.
Traffic Programme (flag) - a means of indicating to an RDS radio that a
station will carry traffic announcements.
A height measurement for rack-mount equipment:
1U = 1.75 inches
2U = 3.5 inches
3U = 5.25 inches
4U = 7 inches
Uninterruptible Power Supply. A device which maintains power to
equipment when the electricity supply fails.
Very High Frequency - frequencies between 30MHz and 300MHz.
Vertical Polarisation i.e. of FM radio transmission.
Voltage Standing Wave Radio
Voltage units
Wireless Application Protocol - a system for delivering mini-web pages to
mobile phones from the Internet.
A data communications protocol used in synchronous connections.
Professional, robust lockable audio connector - sometimes known as a
‘Cannon’ after one of the earlier manufacturers.
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w w w. s o n i fe x . c o. u k
t:+44 (0)1933 650 700
f:+44 (0)1933 650 726
s a l e s @ s o n i fe x . co. u k
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