BJ-230
USER
MANUAL
Canon
Contents
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Appendix A
Introduction
Features and Benefits
Using This Manual
Customer Support
Setting Up the Printer
Unpacking the Printer
Choosing a Location for Your Printer
Examining the Printer
Assembling the Printer
Loading Paper
Automatically Feeding Paper
Printing On Envelopes
Manually Feeding Thick Paper or Transparencies
Loading Paper in Landscape Orientation
Using the Operator Panel
Turning On the Printer
Pausing a Print Operation
Feeding Paper
Selecting a Print Mode
Selecting Reduction Mode
Printing the Test Prints
Performing Automatic Line Feeds
Using the Printer With Your Software
Setting Up Windows for Your Printer
Setting Up Other Software Applications
Software and Printer Compatibility
Maintaining the Printer
Cautions
Cleaning the Printer
Replacing the Ink Cartridge
Transporting the Printer
Troubleshooting
Operational Problems
Paper Loading Problems
Print Quality Problems
Printing Problems
Windows Problems
Customizing the Printer
Factory Default Settings
DIP Switch Setting
BJ-10 Mode
Epson LQ Mode
Printer Specifications
Appendix B
Appendix C
Interface Specifications
Printer Command Summaries and Character Set
BJ-10 Command Summary
BJ-10 Character Sets
Epson LQ Command Summary
Epson LQ Character Sets
Glossary
Index
editiing by Jason Plank and Cindy Cassat
Chapter 1
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the Canon Bubble Jet Printer BJ230. We appreciate you choosing this printer to meet your printing
needs. It offers exceptional print quality, flexible paper handling, fast
printing speeds, and trouble-free operation.
This chapter introduces you to the features of your new printer and
describes how to use this User's Manual.
Features and Benefits
The Bubble Jet Printer BJ-230 produces high-quality printing by
incorporating many useful features.
Excellent print quality
High-performance print head offers 360X360 dots per inch (dpi) for
high resolution graphics
Convenient paper handling
An automatic sheet feeder holds up to 100 sheets of letter or legal-size
paper, 50 sheets of ledger-size paper, 10 envelopes, or 10 transparencies
Software Compatibility
Two resident printer control modes:
„ BJ-10 mode emulates the IBM Proprinter X24E printer
„ Epson LQ mode emulates the Epson LQ-510 printer
Three print modes/speeds
The print modes allow you to choose between print quality, speed, and
quietness:
„ HQ (high quality) mode provides high quality and high speed at
173 characters per second (cps)
„ HS (high speed) mode provides draft quality at 248 cps
„ SHQ(super high quality) mode provides the highest quality print
at 124 cps
Quiet printing
Non-impact printing method offer quiet operation
Simple maintenance
The replacement ink cartridge contains both the ink and the print head;
when it runs out of ink, you simply replace it
Compact desktop design
Lightweight (7.7 1b/3.5 kg)
Using This Manual
This section describes the contents and conventions of this manual.
Contents
This manual includes all the information you need to set up and operate
your printer in several easy-to-read chapters.
Chapter 1, Introduction
Introduces you to the features of the printer, and describes how this
manual is organized.
Chapter 2, Setting Up the Printer
Describes how to select a location for your printer, and how to unpack
and assemble it.
Chapter 3, Loading Paper
Describes how to select paper and how to load it in the printer. It also
shows you how to print on envelopes and thick paper.
Chapter 4, Using the Operator Panel
Explains how to control your printer using the buttons on the operator
panel.
Chapter 5, Using the Printer With Software
Describes how to install a printer driver and select a printer control
mode. It also describes how to use the printer with Windows.
Chapter 6, Maintaining the Printer
Describes how to clean the printer and replace the ink cartridge.
Chapter 7, Troubleshooting
Provides procedures to help you solve problems that may occur with the
printer.
Chapter 8, Customizing the Printer
Describes the printer's DIP switches and explains how you can
customize the factory default settings of the printer by changing the DIP
switches.
The appendices include printer specifications. interface specifications,
and summary tables of the BJ-10 mode and Epson LQ mode printer
commands and character sets.
The Canon Bubble Jet Printer BJ-200/BJ-230 Programmer's Manual is
available for software designers, advanced programmers, and users
interested in using a programming language to send commands to the
printer. To obtain a copy of this manual, call the Canon Special Offers
Group at 1-800-385-2155.
Conventions
This User's Manual uses the following conventions to help you operate
the printer correctly and safely:
NOTE: Notes provide advice or suggestions regarding the use of the
printer.
CAUTION: Cautions alert you to operations that could cause damage to
your hardware or software.
Distinctive typefaces identify the printer buttons you press, the lights on
the operator panel, and any commands you enter at your computer. For
example, the buttons you press appear in this typeface: POWER. The
lights you see appear in this typeface: HQ. When you type something on
your computer, it appears in this typeface: DIR /P.
Customer Support
Canon provides customer support and service for all Canon printer
products. If you have any questions regarding your new printer, call the
Canon Computer Systems, Inc. (CCSI) help desk at 757-413-2848
(request Technical Support). This number is available Monday through
Friday from 8 am to 10 pm Eastern Standard Time(EST), except on
holidays.
If you seem to have an operational problem, try to solve it by referring
to the information in Chapter 7, Troubleshooting. If you cannot quickly
resume normal operation, contact CCSI's experienced support personnel
at the help desk.
Canon also provides a bulletin board service (BBS). Call the help desk
to obtain the number for the BBS.
If you use CompuServe, you can access the Canon Peripherals Forum.
Just type GO CANON at any CompuServe prompt.
Customer support for Canadian residents is available at 416-795-2083
from 9 am to 7 pm EST (except holidays). In other countries, please
contact your Canon dealer.
Servicing the Printer
The Canon Bubble Jet Printer BJ-230 is designed with the latest
technology to help you realize years of trouble-free operation. The blue
warranty card that came with your printer describes CCSI's limited two
year warranty for its Bubble Jet Printers. Be sure to read the warranty
information and save the blue card. Also, save your original invoice or
receipt to verify the date of purchase. If you feel your Bubble Jet Printer
BJ-230 needs servicing, call the Canon referral service at 1-800-8484123 to locate the CCSI Authorized Service Facility (ASF) nearest you.
If you are interested in service after your CCSI warranty expires, contact
the nearest CCSI Authorized Service Facility about the options it makes
available to its customers.
Chapter 2
Setting Up the Printer
This chapter describes the steps you follow to unpack and set up your
printer. It offers guidelines for finding a suitable location for the printer,
explains how to install the ink cartridge, and describes how to connect
the power and interface cable.
If you have already set up your printer using the Quick Start Guide, you
may want to scan this chapter for the additional information it supplies.
Unpacking the Printer
Carefully remove all items from the box. Ask someone to hold the box
while you pull the printer and its protective packaging from the carton.
In addition to this User's Manual, you will find these items in the box:
„ Canon Bubble Jet
„ Quick Start Guide
Printer BJ-230
„ BC-02 ink cartridge
„ Windows driver
diskette
(in envelope)
„ Paper exit support
„ Product Warranty
card
„ AC power cord
„ Registration Card
If your printer was damaged in shipping, or if any items are missing,
notify your dealer immediately.
NOTE: In addition to the items shipped with your printer, you need a
Centronic®-compatible, parallel interface cable, which you can purchase
from your dealer.
As you unpack the printer, save the carton and packing materials in case
you want to move or ship the printer in the future. Remove all the
shipping tape and any Styrofoam packing material used to protect the
printer during shipping.
Open the front cover and remove the tape that secures the ink cartridge
holder. Make sure the paper thickness lever is to the left for printing on
normal paper.
NOTE: Be sure to fill out your Registration card and send it to Canon
Computer Systems, Inc.
Choosing a Location for Your Printer
Whether at home or in the office, you need to find a comfortable and
convenient location for the printer. Follow the guidelines in this section
to make sure the location is right for your printer.
„ Place the printer in a cool, dry, clean, well ventilated area. Avoid
placing it in direct sunlight.
„ Set the printer on a sturdy, level surface. Do not set the printer on
an angled printer stand.
„ Place the printer where the temperature is stable and set for
human comfort.
„ Locate the printer near an electrical wall outlet that accepts a
three-prong, grounded plug.
NOTE: Use only the power cord that came with your printer. Using a
longer cord or an extension cord may result in reduced voltage or
malfunctions.
„ Keep the printer and your computer away from potential sources
of electromagnetic interference such as loudspeakers or the base
units of cordless telephones.
„ Make sure there is enough room around the printer for storing and
feeding paper.
„ Keep the paper exit area clear from objects that may block paper
from exiting the printer.
„ Make sure there is enough room to fully extend the paper rest and
use the paper exit support. The printer requires this much space:
Examining the Printer
Before setting up your printer, you should become familiar with its
components and understand their functions.
From the Front
Sheet feeder
Stacks ups to 100 sheets of lette- or- legal size paper or 50 sheets of
ledger-size paper for automatic feeding. You can also manually feed a
single sheet, such as a transparency or card stock.
Paper guide
Aligns paper in the sheet feeder. You can adjust the guide for paper
widths of up to 11 inches (279 mm).
Paper rest
Keeps the paper straight in the sheet feeder and helps prevent misfeeds.
Extend this support before loading a stack of paper in the sheet feeder.
Paper selection feeder
Selects the appropriate paper setting. For loading multiple sheets of
normal-weight paper, set this lever to the back position. For envelopes
or thick paper, set this lever to the front position. (Leave this lever in the
back position when loading stacks of normal paper.)
Operator Panel
Controls the printer and defines basic printer operations. The various
lights on the operator panel indicate statusof the prienter, and identify
the print mode you've selected. See Chapter 4, Using the Operator
Panel, for complete information on these buttons and lights.
Front cover
Allows access to the inside of the printer when you are installing the ink
cartridge or adjusting the paper thickness lever.
Paper exit support
Provides support when outputting letter-size sheets of paper. Slide the
exit support from side to side to match the width of the paper on which
you are printing such that the paper will be centered on the support.
(How you attach this support is describe later in this chapter.)
Dip switch cover
Protects the DIP switches. You use these switches to change the
printer's factory default settings. For information about changing the
default settings, see Chapter 8, Customizing the Printer.
From the Back
Parallel interface port
Allows you to attach the printer's interface cable.
AC power receptacle
Allows you to attach the printer's power cord.
Inside the Printer
Ink cartridge holder
Allows you to install the ink cartridge (as described later in this chapter).
Paper thickness lever
Identifies the thickness of your paper. The setting you choose adjusts the
distance between the print head and the paper. There are two settings:
left for normal paper and right for thick paperor envelopes. (After you
remove the tape that protects this lever during shipping, slide the lever
to the left.)
Assembling the Printer
Now that you are familiar with the components of your printer, you are
ready to install the printer and connect it to your computer. The first
step is to install the ink cartridge.
Installing the Ink Cartridge
You use the BC-02 ink cartridge with this printer. Each ink cartridge
can print about 400 to 500 letter-size pages (700,000 characters) in HQ
mode and 800 to 1000 pages (1,400,000 characters) in HS mode. The
actual amount varies according to the print density of a page. If you
print a lot of graphics, you may need to change cartridges more often.
CAUTION: Canon makes numerous ink cartridges; teh BC-02 is
desginged specifically for the Bubble Jet Printers BJ-200 and BJ-230 and is
the only one you should use.
To avoid spilling ink, follow these precautions:
„ Do not touch the print head on the ink cartridge or the sharp
edges around it.
„ Do not hold the ink cartridge, or place it on your table, with the
print head facing down, except when you are installing it.
„ Do not attempt to disassemble the cartridge.
„ Do not vigorously shake the ink cartridge while handling it.
CAUTION: Keep the ink cartridge out of children's reach; the ink contains
isopropyl alcohol 67-63-0.
To install the ink cartridge, follow these steps:
1. Grasp the sides of the front cover and open it so you can access
the cartridge holder.
2. Take the ink cartridge out of its protective packaging.
3. Slide off the orange protective cap from the print head and
remove the orange tape.
4. Locate the cartridge holder on the right side of the printer.
CAUTION: Avoid touching the yellow mounting base on which you place
the cartridge -- especially the circuit board on the side of the mounting
base and the film cable that extends from the cartridge holder.
5. Lift the green lock lever on the cartridge holder.
6. Fit the ink cartridge over the yellow mounting base with the print
head facing down. (When installed correctly, the label on the
cartridge will appear upside down.)
7. Push the lock lever down until it snaps into place.
Make sure there is no resistance when you press on the lock lever, and
be sure no gap exists between the ink cartridge and cartridge holder.
When secure, the ink cartridge makes contact with the circuit board
inside the cartridge holder.
CAUTION: Do not move the ink cartridge after installing it. Moving the
ink cartridge to the left and leaving it there may uncap the print head and
cause it to dry out.
8. Close the front cover.
When you turn off the printer, the ink cartridge moves to the home
position on the right and caps itself to keep from drying out. If you
unplug the printer while it is printing, or if you move the ink cartridge
from the home position, the cartridge is not capped and may dry out.
NOTE: If, after installing a new ink cartridge, the printer seems to be
printing but no ink appears, stop the print operation. Remove and replace
the ink cartridge making sure it is secure.
Chapter 3
Loading Paper
This chapter descibes how to load paper, envelopes, thick paper, and
transparencies in the printer. To ensure the best performance of your
printer, you want to select the best paper and load it correctly.
The wide-carriage capabilities of your printer allow you to load lettersize paper in either portrait or landscape orientation and legal-or ledgersize paper in portrait orientation.
You can stack paper in the sheet feeder to load it automatically, or you
can manually feed one sheet at a time. The path that the paper travels
through the printer is the same for automatic and manual feeding.
CAUTION: Make sure the width of the paper on which you are
printing matches the width defined by your software so there is always
paper between the print head and the platen. The print head may be
damaged if it prints directly on the platen.
Automatically Feeding Paper
Your printer produces letter-quality print on most plain bond papers,
including cotton bond papers and photocopying papers,. This printer
does not require special ink-jet papers.
Purchase a small amount of paper and test it to see if it meets your
printing requirements.
NOTE: Attempting to print on damp, curled, wrinkled, or torn paper can
cause paper jams and poor print quality.
You can automatically feed single sheets of plain papers:
Size:
Letter -- 8.5 x 11 inches (210 x 279 mm)
Legal -- 8.5 x 14.0 inches(216 x 356 mm),
portrait orientation only
Ledger -- 11 x 17 inches(279 x 420 mm),
portrait orientation only
Thickness: Less than 0.008 inches (0.2 mm)
Weight: 17 to 24 lbs (64 to 90 g/m²)
You can stack up to 100 sheets of plain letter-size or legal-size paper
(20lbs or 75 g/m), and up to 50 sheets of plain ledger-size paper (20lbs
or 75 g/m), in in the sheet feeder.
NOTE: Make sure the paper size you select within your printer driver
matches the orientation in which you load the paper in the printer. See
Chapter 5, Using the Printer With Software, for information on printer
drivers.
1. Set the paper selection lever to the back position.
NOTE: You set the paper selection lever to the front position only when
loading envelopes or manually feeding paper. If it is set to the front
position when you are automatically feeding stacks of normal paper, the
printer may feed multiple sheets or jam.
2. Fan the paper before stacking it in the sheet feeder.
3. Align the stack of paper with the right edge of the sheet feeder
and slide in the stack until it stops. Do not force the paper into the
printer. Make sure the stack of paper does not exceed the paper
limit mark or the tab on the right side of the sheet feeder.
4. Insert the paper so that the side you want to print on is facing you.
If you are using a preprinted stock, such as letterhead, insert the
top of the paper into the sheet feeder first.
5. Adjust the paper guide to the stack of paper , and adjust the paper
exit support to match the width of your paper so that the paper
will be centered on the support.
6. Make sure the printer is on-line and start your print operation.
NOTE: Do not leave paper stacked in the printer for long periods os time;
longer sheets of paper may become bent or curled over time. This may
cause multiple sheets to feed or the paper may jam.
Remove paper from the paper exit support before the count reaches 20
sheets.
Printing On Envelopes
You can stack up to 10 envelopes in the sheet feeder. Before printing on
envelopes, you need to turn on the envelope mode.
Use only commercial, number 10 envelopes, which are 9.5 x 4.1 inches
(241 x 104 mm). (Other envelope sizes are not supported by this
printer.)
CAUTION: Some envelopes are not recommended because they may
cause jams or smears or may damage your printer:
„ Envelopes with windows, metal clasps, holes, perforations, cutouts,
double flaps, or peel-off sealing strips.
„ Envelopes that are specially coated or deeply embossed.
„ Envelopes with letters enclosed.
When you are ready to load envelopes, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is turned on and on-line.
2. Turn on the envelope mode by pressing and holding the LF/FF
button, and then pressing the ON LINE button. The beeper
sounds once and the indicator light for the current print mode
blinks quickly. Press ON LINE to set the printer back on-line.
3. Set the green paper thickness lever on the inside of the printer to
the right.
4. Set the paper selection lever to the forward position, and move
the paper guide to the left to match the width of the envelopes.
5. Arrange the stack of envelopes on a firm surface and press down
firmly on the edges to make the folds crisp. Press all the way
around the envelopes to remove any curls and expel air from
inside the envelopes.
6. Align the stack of envelopes with the right edge of the sheet
feeder and slide in the stack until it stops.
7. Adjust the paper guide to the stack of envelopes, and adjust the
paper exit support to match the width of the envelopes.
8. Start your print operation.
After printing on envelopes, follow these stepa before printing on normal
paper again:
1. Set the paper selection lever (on the right side of the sheet feeder)
to the back postion.
2. Set the green paper thickness lever (inside the printer) to the left
position.
3. Disable the envelope mode: make sure the printer is on-line; then
press and the hold the LF/FF button and press the ON LINE
button.
Use the envelope mode only when you are loading envelopes; do not use
this mode when loading regular or thick paper.
Manually Feeding Thick Paper or Transparencies
You use the manual feed feature when printing on paper that is a heavier
weight (up to 28lb or 105 g/m²) or a transparency stock.
Use transparencies that are intended for use with ink jet printers. For
best results, use Canon's BJ transparency film #Q07-0001-M1. You can
also use 3M's CG3480 transparency film.
CAUTION:
„ Always feed transparencies manually.
„ Use transparencies only in a normal operating environment. High
temperatures may damage a transparency.
To manually feed a single sheet, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is turned on and on-line.
2. Set the paper selection lever (on the right side of the sheet feeder)
to the forward position.
3. If you are printing on thick paper, open the front cover and make
sure the green paper thickness lever (inside the printer) is set to
the right.
4. Align the sheet of paper or transparency with the right edge of the
sheet feeder, and adjust the paper guide to the sheet.
NOTE: When printing on a transparency, insert the sheet so the
transparency side is facing you and the backing is toward the sheet feeder.
Insert the top of the transparency (where it is attached to its backing) into
the sheet feeder first.
5. Slide in the sheet until it stops, and hold it for about two seconds.
The printer will automatically load the paper into position.
6. Start your print operation.
NOTE: After printing on thick paper or envelopes, set the paper thickness
lever (inside the printer) back to the left position before printing on normal
paper.
Loading Paper in Landscape Orientation
You can stack up to 100 sheets of plain letter-size paper in landscape
orientation in the sheet feeder.
The printer prints faster on letter-size paper loaded in landscape
orientation than it does when actually printing in landscape mode.
When you load paper in landscape orientation, you can use reduction
mode to fit even more text on next page. (See Chapter 4, Using the
Operator Panel, for details on using reduction mode.)
Chapter 4
Using the Operator Panel
You can control basic printer operations through teh operator panel.
The indicator lights reflect the current status and modes of the printer.
Most software applications, such as word processing, spreadsheet, and
database programs, automatically handle the printer control operations.
For example, your word processing programs tells the printer what
typeface to use and when to perform a line feed or form feed.
If your application program does not perform these basic functions, you
can control them using the operator panel. You can also select printerspecific functions, such as the print mode, and you can start the self
tests.
The following sections of this chapter describe how you use the operator
panel to select printer functions.
Turning On the Printer
Press the POWER button to turn on the printer. The POWER light will
come on. When the printer is ready to print, the ON LINE light will
come on.
Pausing a Print Operation
When the ON LINE light is on, the printer is on-line and ready to
receive data from your computer. At this time, you can send print data
from your computer to the printer.
If you want to pause a print operation, press the ON LINE button again
to set the printer off-line. The ON LINE light will go off and the printer
will stop. To start printing again, press the ON LINE button.
Feeding Paper
When the printer is off-line, you can use the LF/FF button to advance
the paper in the printer. You can perform a line feed or a form feed, or
you can eject a sheet of paper.
Line feeding
When a sheet of paper is loaded and the printer is off-line, press the
LF/FF button to advance the paper one line. Press the button repeatedly
to feed as many lines as you want.
Form feeding
When you are loading paper, make sure the printer is off-line and press
the LF/FF button to load the first sheet of paper to its top of form. Set
the printer back on-line to print. (If you are running a software
application, you don't need to perform this step. The application the
printer when to load paper.)
Ejecting paper
When you want to eject a sheet of paper, make sure the printer is offline and press the LF/FF button for one second. The printer ejects the
current sheet of paper.
Selecting a Print Mode
Your printer incorporates two print modes that allow you to choose
between print speed and print quality:
Print Mode Function
HS
High speed and draft
quality printing
HQ
High quality printing
SHQ
Super high quality and
silent printing
Speed at 10 cpi
248 cps
Noise level
in decibels
Approx. 42
173 cps
124 cps
Approx. 42
Approx. 40
You use the PRINT MODE button to select the current print mode
when the printer is off-line. Pressing this button once selects HQ mode,
pressing it again selects SHQ mode, and pressing it again selects HS
mode. The HS and HQ lights indicate which mode is selected. (When
both the HS and HQ lights are on, the printer is in SHQ mode.)
Select your printer modes as follow:
„ Use HQ mode for most of your printing needs. The printer
automatically prints in HQ mode unless you change the mode with
the PRINT MODE button.
„ Use the SHQ mode when you want extremely high quality print or
you want the printer to be very quiet. In this mode, the printer
uses a higher quality print density and consumes more ink than in
HQ mode. Your printer text may appear bolder than in HQ mode.
„ Use the HS mode when you are printing draft documents. Your
document prints faster but the print density is less than HQ mode.
HS mode uses half the amount of ink as HQ mode.
NOTE: Normally, the default print mode is HQ. If you are in Epson
LQ mode (DIP switch 12 is ON), and you select the Draft typeface with
DIP switches 9 to 11, the default print mode is HS mode. (You can
learn about DIP switches in Chapter 8, Customizing the Printer.)
Selecting Reduction Modes
The printer supports a reduction mode for printing spreadsheets and
other wide documents on regular paper. In reduction mode, the printer
reduces the output to two-thirds of its full size. Therefore, a spreadsheet
that is 13.6-inches wide will be 9.07-inches wide when printed in
reduction mode.
Using reduction mode, you can print spreadsheet data (that you
normally print on 15 x 11-inch continuous-form paper) on 8.5 x 11-inch
paper in landscape orientation.
In reduction mode, the printer automatically sets the printer dimension
as follows:
Top margin:
Left margin:
Print width (max.):
0.32 inch
0.35 inch
7.8 inch
NOTE: Use reduction mode only when you are printing on letter wide
paper in landscape orientation or you are using ledger-size paper in
portrait orientation.
It is recommended that you use the reduction mode with MS-DOS
applications only (not Windows applications). Windows applications
have a fit-to-page feature that is not compatible with reduction mode.
In reduction mode, the printer ignores the page length command and the
perforation skip command. Before using reduction mode, make sure the
following conditions are set:
„ Set the page length to 66 lines or less.
„ Place a form feed (FF) code at the end of each page.
To select the reduction mode, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is on-line.
2. Press and hold the LF/FF button.
3. Press the PRINT MODE button. The printer beeps twice and the
indicator lights for the current print mode blink slowly.
4. Load paper and begin your print operation.
NOTE: This mode may be overridden by your software.
To disable reduction mode, press and hold the LF/FF button and press
the PRINT MODE button. You can also turn off the printer.
NOTE: When the printer is in the envelope mode, it ignores the
reduction mode setting.
Printing the Test Prints
The printer includes two tests prints: the self test and the font list. Use
these test prints to check the operation of the printer.
To print the self tests, you must be automatically feeding paper. The self
tests are not available when you are manually feedign paper.
Self Test
You can print the self test in both printer control modes: BJ-10 mode or
Epson LQ mode. The printer prints a repeating pattern of characters in
the default print mode and pitch.
In BJ-mode, the pattern is printed in Courier typeface at 10 characters
per inch (cpi); the print mode is HQ. In Epson LQ mode, the pattern is
printed in Roman typeface at 10 cpi; the print mode is HQ.
Starting
To start the self test, follow these steps:
1. Press the POWER button to turn off the printer
2. Make sure paper is loaded correctly in teh sheet feeder.
3. Press and hold the ON LINE and PRINT MODE buttons, and
press the POWER button until the beeper sounds. The printer
starts to print the self test.
Stopping the test
To stop the self test, press and hold the ON LINE and PRINT MODE
buttons for one second. The printer stops printing, ejects the current
sheet of paper, and goes on-line.
In BJ-10 mode, the self test looks like this:
In Epson LQ mode, the self test looks like this:
Font List
You can print this sample in both printer control modes: BJ-10 mode or
Epson LQ mode. The printer prints all characters in the available print
styles and pitches.
Starting the test
To start the font list, follow these steps:
1. Press the POWER button to turn off the printer.
2. Make sure paper is loaded correctly in the sheet feeder.
3. Press and hold the ON LINE button, and press the POWER
button until the beeper sounds.
Stopping the test
To stop printing the font list, press and hold the ON LINE button for
one second. The printer stops printing, ejects the current sheet of paper,
and goes on-line.
In BJ-10 mode, the font list looks like this:
In Epson LQ mode, the pattern looks like this:
Performing Automatic Line Feeds
You can set the printer so that it performs an automatic line feed each
time it recieves a carriage return. Then, when the printer receives a
carriage return code from the computer, it moves to the beginning of the
next line.
You only need to set this function if you are using an application
program that does not include a carriage return with a line feed.
To set the automatic line feed function, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is turned off.
2. Press and hold the ON LINE, LF/FF, and PRINT MODE
buttons, and then press the POWER button until the beeper
sounds.
If you notice an extra blank line between each line printed, turn off the
printer to cancel this function.
Chapter 5
Using the Printer
With Software
Your printer will work with a wide variety of applications, such as
spreadsheet, word processing, and graphics programs. This chapter
describes how to set up your software application for your printer.
Setting Up Windows for Your Printer
This sections contains the procedures you perform to install the Bubble
Jet Printer BJ-230 driver for the Microsoft Windows operating system
environment, versions 3.1 and 3.0. Before you begin these procedures,
make sure you are familiar with the basic operation of Windows
including its terms and use of the mouse. If necessary, refer to your
Microsoft Windows 3.1 (or 3.0) User's Guide for help.
Installing the Printer Driver
1. Make sure your computer is turned on.
2. Make a backup copy of the diskette containing the Canon BJ-230
printer driver for Windows.
3. Start Windows and follow the steps that are specific to the version
of Windows you are using.
Windows 3.1
If you are using Windows 3.1, follow these steps to install the printer
driver:
1. Choose Control Panel from the Main Group window in the
Program Manager.
2. Open the Printers icon. The Printer dialog box appears.
NOTE: Your screen may show printers in the Installed Printers box.
This means other printers have been installed for your system; this
should not cause any problems.
3. Choose the Add button to display all the List of Printers box.
4. Select Install Unlisted or Updated Printer from the beginning of
the List of Printers, and then choose Install. A dialog box appears
instructing you to insert the diskette that contains the printer
driver.
5. Insert the diskette containing the Canon BJ-230 Windows printer
driver into disk drive A: and select OK. (If you are not using drive
A:, you can enter the pathname that identifies the drive you are
using or use Browse to locate the drive.)
6. Choose Canon BJ-230 from the LIst of Printers and select OK.
The Control Panel installs the BJ-230.DRV file on your hard disk.
The printers dialog box appears with the Canon BJ-230 listed in
the Installed Printers box.
7. If you need to change the port designation, make sure the Canon
BJ-230 is selected in the installed Printers box. Then select the
Connect button to display the Connect dialog box.
8. Choose your port and select OK.
9. If you want to use the Bubble Jet Printer BJ-230 for all of your
work, make sure Canon BJ-230 is highlighted and select the Set
As Default Printer button from the Printers dialog box.
10. Select the Close button to complete the installation of the Canon
BJ-230 Windows driver.
Windows 3.0
If you are using Windows 3.0, follow these steps to install the printer
driver:
1. Choose Control Panel from the Main Group window in the
Program Manager.
2. Open the Printers icon. The Printers dialog box appears.
3. Select the Add Printer button. The List of Printers identifies all
printer drivers supplied by Windows.
4. Select Unlisted Printer from the end of the List of Printers , and
choose Install. The Add unlisted printer window appears.
5. Insert the diskette containing the Canon BJ-230 Windows printer
driver into disk drive A: (or any other available drive).
6. In the directories box, select A: (or the name of the drive you are
using). The BJ-230.DRV filename appears in the Driver Files box.
7. Select BJ-230.DRV and select OK. BJ-230 appears in the
Installed Printers box.
8. To change the port designation, make sure the BJ-230 is selected
in the Installed Printers box. Then select the Configure button to
display the Configure dialog box.
9. Choose your port and select OK.
10. Select Active for the status of the BJ-230. If you intended to use it
for all of your work, double-click on its name in the Installed
Printers box to select it as the default printer.
11. Choose the OK button to complete the installation of the Canon
BJ-230 Windows driver.
Printer Setup Within Windows
After you install the Canon BJ-230 printer driver, you can run the Setup
program. This is located in the Printers Control Panel.
If you are using Windows 3.1, select the Setup button from the Printers
dialog box.
If you are using Windows 3.0, select the Configure button and then the
Setup button.
When you start the Setup program, Windows displays the main dialog
box for your printer:
From this screen, you can select the paper size, media type, paper
source, print selection, print quality, and orientation.
„ Click on the arrow next to the Resolution setting to select one of
the following resoulutions:
360 x 360 dots per inch (dpi), which is the default
resolution
180 x 180 dpi
90 x 90 dpi
A resolution of 360 x 360 dpi offers the best print quality.
„ Click on the arrow next ot the Paper Size setting to select one of
the following paper sizes:
Letter 8 1/2 x 11 in, which is the default
A4 210 x 297 mm
A4 Wide 297 x 210 mm
Legal 8 1/2 x 14 in
Tabloid 11 x 17 in
A3 297 x 420 mm
Envelope #10 9.5 x 4.1 in
User Defined Size ...
Make sure the paper size you select here matches the orientation in
which you load the paper in the printer:
NOTE: When you load letter-wide paper in landscape orientation, the
printer actually prints in portrait mode. So make sure you select
portrait for your printing orientation in the printer driver.
If you select User Defined Size, the Setup program displays the
following dialog box:
First select the unit of measurement you are using (inches or
millimeters), and then specify the width and length of your paper.
„ Click on the arrow next to the Paper Source setting to select one
of the followin paper sources:
Auto Sheet Feeder, which is the default
Manual Feed
NOTE: When using manual feed, make sure the Print Manager is
turned off, in the Printers dialog box.
„ You can select either Portrait or Landscape orientation by clicking
on the appropriate selection in the Orientation box. The default is
portrait orientation.
„ Click on About in the main dialog box to display copyright
information regarding the Windows driver and its version number.
„ Click on Help in the main dialog box to enter Microsoft's
Universal Driver Help program. The Printer Setup screen displays
information that will help you specify your printer settings.
Options
As part of your printer setup, you can specify certain options that
control the darkness and fineness of your printed graphics and text.
Click on Opitions in the main dialog box to display the Options dialog
box:
From this screen you can select dithering options and an intensity level.
„ You can select one of four dithering options: None, Course, Fine
or Line Art. The dithering option you select changes the quality of
a gray-scale or color image. None causes all color values to
appear either black or white; no in-between colors are
represented. The default dithering option is Fine.
„ You can control the intensity with which text is printed using the
Intensity Control box. This controls the threshold at which a pixel
value is turned on or off. Settign the slide bar to the left results in
darker print and setting it to the right results in lighter print. This
control affects all dithering options. The default is the value
represented at the center of the slide bar. (In some applications,
setting the slide bar all the way to the right causes nothing to
print.)
Printing a Document
This procedure provides general steps for printing from the various
applications you may run in the Windows environment. The exact steps
for printing a document may vary depending on the application program
you are using. Refer to your program's user's manual for the exact
printing procedure.
1. Start the program you used to create the document, and open the
document you want to print.
2. Choose Printer Setup from the File menu.
3. Select the Canon BJ-230 as your printer, and select Setup.
4. Make any adjustments as appropriate for printing your document,
and select OK.
5. Select OK to close the Printer Setup Window.
6. Choose Print from the File menu.
7. After making any necessary changes to the printing parameters,
select OK to start the print job.
NOTE: Turn off the Print Manager if you are feeding paper
manually. To do so, clear the Use Print Manager check box in the
Printers dialog box within the Control Panel.
Setting Up Other Software Applications
If you are not using Windows, follow the guidelines in this section for
setting up your applications for use with the Bubble Jet Printer BJ-230.
If you installed the Canon BJ-230 Windows printer driver as described
in the previous section and will be printing only under Windows, you can
ignore this information.
Software applications are designed to work with specific hardware
setups. Most application programs include an installation program or
routine that you run to identify the type of hardware you are using, such
as your computer and printer.
Application programs include a group of programs, called printer
drivers, that support different printers. Before using the printer with
your application program, you need to tell the application what type of
printer you are using by selecting the printer driver that corresponds to
your printer.
Selecting a Printer Driver
The installation programs for most applications offer a list of printer
drivers from which to choose. If you find Canon BJ-230, BJ-200, BJ10e, or BJ-10ex on teh list, select it. This will give you the fullest range
of features.
If you do not find one of these printers on the list, your can select a
printer that will have nearly the same operating capabilities as the Bubble
Jet Printer BJ-230.
NOTE: Software developers continuously create printer drivers. If your
application software does not list a Canon BJ-230 drivers, call your
software application's technical support line and ask if a BJ-230 driver is
available. If they are unable to assist you, call the Canon help desk at 1800-423-2366 to see if the driver is available.
To use the printer in BJ-10 mode, select one of the following printers
(they are listed in order of preference):
Canon BJ-230 (X24E)
Canon BJ-200 (X24E)
Canon BJ-10e/BJ-10ex/BJ-20 (X24E)
IBM Proprinter X24E/XL24
IBM Proprinter X24/XL24E
Canon BJ-130e
IBM Proprinter
To use the printer in Epson LQ mode, select one of the following
printers (they are listed in order of preference):
Canon BJ-230 (LQ)
Canon BJ-200 (LQ)
Canon BJ-20 (LQ)
Canon BJ-10e/BJ-10ex (LQ)
Epson LQ-510
Epson LQ-850
Epson LQ-500
Epson LQ-1050
Epson LQ printer
NOTE: To use the wide-carriage capabilities of your printer, select the
Canon BJ-230 printer only.
After selecting a printer, you can use software commands for all
standard printer functions through the application program. This
includes bold or double-strike printing, underlining, subscripts, margin
control, line-spacing control, and graphics.
Selecting a Printer Control Mode
Your printer has two resident printer control modes: BJ-10 mode and
Epson LQ mode. BJ-10 mode is the default.
If you were able to select a Canon BJ printer or the IBM Proprinter
X24E through your application program, you will want to use the
printer in BJ-10 mode. This mode gives you the fullest range of features.
If your application program does not support the Canon BJ or the IBM
Proprinter X24E printers, but does support an Epson LQ printer, you
can use the printer in LQ mode.
You can also select a printer control mode based on specific text
features you want to use in your document. If you will be printing only
text (no graphics), select LQ mode if Epson drivers are available. If you
plan to print both text and graphics, select BJ-10 mode.
The following table lists the fonts and pitches that are available in each
printer control mode.
Printer Control Mode
Font design/typeface BJ-10
Epson LQ
Prestige
12 characters per inch (cpi) 10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15
in HQ mode only
cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi,
PS
Courier
10 cpi, 12 cpi*, 17 cpi,
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15
proportional spacing (PS) cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi,
**
PS
Sans Serif
Not available
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15
cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi,
PS
Draft (available in HS Not available
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15
mode only)
cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi,
PS
Roman
Not available
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15
cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi,
PS
Script
Not available
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15
cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi,
PS
Orator
Not available
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15
cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi,
PS
Orator-S
Not available
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15
cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi,
PS
* In BJ-10 mode, Courier 12 cpi is available in HS mode only.
** In BJ-10 mode, proportional spacing is not available in HS mode.
The following table lists the print styles that are available in each printer
control mode.
Print Style
Italic
Emphasized
Double-high
Double-wide
Slashed zero
Printer Control Mode
BJ-10
No
Yes (via ESC E sequence)
Yes (via ESC [ @ sequence)
Yes (via ESC W sequence)
Yes (via ESC [ K sequence)
Epson LQ
Yes
Yes (via ESC E sequence)
Yes (via ESC w sequence)
Yes (via ESC W sequence)
No
You use DIP switch 12 to select the printer control mode. When DIP
switch 12 is OFF, which is the default, the printer uses BJ-10 mode. Set
DIP switch 12 to ON to select LQ mode. See Chapter 8, Customizing
the Printer, for more information on DIP switches.
Software and Printer Compatibility
You use software to send infomation and instructions to the printer over
the cable that connects the printer to the computer. In addition to data,
the instructions you send may include special sequences. The command
sequences tell the printer such things as how many lines to skip and
where to start printing.
Some control codes are standard throughout the microcomputer
industry and are recognized by all printers. Two examples of these are
form feed (FF) and line feed (LF).
ESCape sequesnces are unique to each printer emulation. ESCape
sequences begin with the ESCape character (ESC) followed by one or
more other characters.
The ESCape character tells the printer not to print the next character(s),
but to use the information to perform a printing control task, such as
printin in bold or underlining.
Appendix C lists the control codes and ESCape sequences the printer
recognizes in both BJ-10 mode and Epson LQ mode. The printer
recognizes control sequences in ASCII, decimal, and hexadecimal
format.
Chapter 6
Maintaining the Printer
This chapter covers the care and maintenance of your Canon Bubble Jet
Printer BJ-230. This includes cautions, cleaning the printer, replacing the
ink cartridge, and transporting the printer.
Cautions
Follow these guidelines to avoid damage to your printer and harm to you or
others:
„
„
„
„
Set the printer on a stable surface.
Keep the front cover closed when printing.
Do not set anything on top of the printer.
Always use a three-wire, grounded power receptacle (electrical
wall outlet with three holes) for your printer's power cord. Do not
modify the cord to remove the ground pin.
„ Make sure the power is off any time you connect or disconnect
the power cord or interface cable.
„ Do not move the mechanism that holds the ink cartridge. You may
damage delicate mechanical parts.
„ Do not touch the print head area on the ink cartridge. Ink may
leak out and cause stains.
Cleaning the Printer
To achieve the maximum performance from your printer, clean it
regularly.
Be very careful when cleaning the printer. Follow these steps:
1. Clean the inside of the printer using compressed air pressure or a
soft cloth to remove any ink mist or paper debris. Clean especially
well around the platen area.
2. Clean the exterior of the printer with a soft cloth moistened with
water. Clean any smudges or dust.
CAUTION:
„ Make sure the printer is turned off before cleaning it, and unplug
„
„
„
„
„
the power cord.
When cleaning inside the printer, avoid the area near the print
head on the ink cartridge. Do not touch the print head. Ink may
leak out and cause stains.
Do not use any oil or cleanser inside the the printer.
Use a soft cloth to clean the printer; do not use paper towels or
tissues.
Do not clean the exterior of the printer with volatile liquids, such
as thinners or benzine, or any other spray spray-type or chemical
cleaners. Chemicals may damage the surface of the printer.
Do not submerge the printer in water.
Replacing the Ink Cartridge
You use the BC-02 ink cartridge with this printer. Each ink cartridge
can print about 400 to 500 letter-size pages (700,000 characters) in HQ
mode and 800 to 1000 pages (1,400,000 characters) in HS mode. The
actual amount varies according to the print density of a page. If you
print a lot of graphics, you may need to change cartridges more often.
You may need to replace the ink cartridge when either of the following
conditions exist:
„ You have been using the cartridge for using the cartridge for over
one year.
„ Your printed output is not crisp and clear, or there are gaps in the
characters (missing dots).
If your print quality is not crisp and clear, see Chapter7,
Troubleshooting, for possible solutions. If the problem seems to be your
ink cartridge, be sure to clean the print head before determining that you
need to replace the cartridge. If you clean the print head five times and
your print quality does not improve, you need to replace the cartridge.
( The print head cleaning procedure is described in Chapter 2, Setting
Up the Printer, and late in this chapter.)
NOTE: Print head cleaning is not a routine maintenance procedure. Only
clean the print head if your print quality is inadequate.
Installing the Ink Cartridge
CAUTION: Canon makes numerous ink cartridges; the BC-02 is
designed specifically for the Bubble Jet Printers BJ-200 and BJ-230 and
is the only one you should use.
To avoid spilling ink, follow these precautions:
„ Do not touch the print head on the ink cartridge or the sharp
edges around it.
„ Do not hold the ink cartridge, or place it on a table, with the print
head facing down, except when you are installing it.
„ Do not attempt to disassemble the cartridge.
„ Do not vigorously shake the cartridge while handling it.
„ Remove the ink cartridge from the printer only when necessary.
CAUTION: Keep the ink cartridge out of children's reach; the ink
contains isopropyl alcohol 67-63-0.
To install a new ink cartridge, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is turned off.
2. Open the front cover.
3. Lift the green lock lever on the cartridge holder. Slide the old ink
cartridge out of the holder and dispose of it properly.
4. Take the new ink cartridge out of its protective packaging. Slide
off the orange protective cap from the print head and then remove
the orange tape.
5. Fit the ink cartridge over the yellow mounting base with the print
head facing down. (When installed correctly, the label on the
cartridge will be upside down.)
CAUTION: Avoid touching the yellow mounting base on which you place
the cartridge--especially the circuit board on the side of the mounting base
and the film cable that extends from the cartridge holder.
6. Push the lock lever down until it snaps into place.
CAUTION: Do not move the ink cartridge after installing it. Moving
the ink cartridge to the left and leaving it there may uncap the print
head and cause it to dry out.
7. Close the front cover.
When you are not using the printer, make sure the ink cartridge is in its
home position, which is on the right side of the printer.
Cleaning the Print Head
The print head on a new ink cartridge needs to be cleaned to ensure the
best possible print quality. The printer automatically cleans the print
head when you follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is turned on and on-line.
2. Press the ON LINE and PRINT MODE buttons at the same time.
The ON LINE indicator will blink for about 12 seconds while the printer
cleans the print head. When complete, the ON LINE indicator stops
blinking and goes off. Press ON LINE to resume printing.
NOTE: Cleaning the print head consumes a small amount of ink.
Repeating this procedure unnecessarily reduces the life of the cartridge.
Storing Ink Cartridges
Follow these guidelines when storing your ink cartridges:
„ Keep a new ink cartridge in its sealed container until you are ready
to use it.
„ Store the ink cartridge at room temperature.
„ Install the ink cartridge in the printer immediately after you open
the sealed container.
„ After installing the ink cartridge, perform the print head cleaning
procedure.
Transporting the Printer
If you plan to move the printer from one location to another, or if you
want to store it, follow these steps:
1. Press the POWER button to turn off the printer. This moves the
print head to the home position.
2. Remove any paper from the sheet feeder.
3. Detach the interface cable and the power cord.
4. Close the front cover (if necessary).
5. Return the paper rest and paper exit support to their original
positions.
6. Repack the printer in its original packing materials.
NOTE: Do not remove the ink cartridge from the printer or ship an ink
cartridge from which you have removed the protective cap. An opened
ink cartridge that is not installed in the printer may leak, and the print
head may dry out.
Chapter 7
Troubleshooting
This chapter contains information to help you solve printer problems. A
problem may have one or a combination of causes, including a
malfunction in your computer, software, the printer cable, or the printer.
Many printing problems are related to how your software interacts with
the printer.
If your printer is not operating properly, try the suggestions in this
chapter. The following list shows the problems covered here.
Operational Problems
The Printer Does Not Turn On
Indicators Light, Printer Does Not Print
Print Head Moves, Ink Does Not Appear
ON LINE, HS, and HQ Indicators Are Blinking
ERROR Light Is On
Paper Loading Problems
Paper Does Not Load Into the Printer
Multiple Sheets Load Into the Printer
Paper Is Loaded Skewed (Printing Is Skewed)
Envelopes Do Not Load
Paper Does Not Eject After Printing
Paper Jams Occur
Print Quality Problems
Print Density is Low
Print Is Not Clear
Characters Are Blurred or Smudged
Smudges On Back of Printed Page
Characters Appear Jagged
Irregular Print Quality
Ink-stained Areas
Print Head Needs Cleaning
Ink Cartridges Continually Run Out of Ink
Printing Problems
Printout Is Wrong
Characters on Screen Do Not Match the Printed
Characters
Printing Beyond Edge of Page
Printout Does Not Match Paper Size
Printing Incorrect Number of Lines on Page
Printer Is Not Using Font You Selected With DIP
Switches
Computer Indicates a Device Time-out
Windows Problems
Windows Problems
Printer Prints Garbage or Does Not Print
Large Gaps Appear Between Text or Graphics
Envelopes Do Not Print Correctly in Word for Windows
NOTE: If you have a problem with your printer and you cannot
resolve it by referring to the information in this chapter, contact the
Canon help desk at 1-800-423-2366. Attempting to repair the printer
yourself may void the warranty.
Operational Problems
This section contains problems and solutions related to the operation of
your hardware. Try the solutions in the order listed.
The Printer Does Not Turn On
If you turn on the printer and the indicator lights do not come on, the
printer is probably not getting power. Turn off the printer and follow
these steps:
1. Make sure the power cord is plugged securely into the AC power
receptacle on the back of the printer.
2. Make sure the power cord is plugged securely into the wall outlet.
If the power cord is connected to a power strip, make sure the
power strip is connected to the outlet and turned on.
3. Turn on the printer. When the printer is connected properly, the
POWER, ON LINE, and HQ (and/or HS) indicators light, and
the print head is in the home position. If nothing happens, call the
Canon help desk.
Indicators Light, Printer Does Not Print
If the printer is getting power, but still does not print, there may be a
problem with the printer or its communication with your computer.
Follow these steps to determine the problem:
1. Make sure the printer is on-line. If the ON LINE indicator is not
green, press the ON LINE button. Then try printing.
2. Check the interface cable connection. Make sure you have
connected the correct interface cable to your computer and that
the connections are secure.
3. Make sure paper is loaded properly in the sheet feeder.
4. Run one of the test prints described in Chapter 4, Using the
Operator Panel. If this prints, the problem is in the communication
between the printer and your computer.
5. Make sure the computer is set up correctly for your printer.
6. Print a screen dump from your computer. If it still does not print,
there is a problem with your software or your interface port. Call
the Canon help desk at 1-800-423-2366.
Print Head Moves, Ink Does Not Appear
If the print head is moving, but no ink comes out, the ink cartridge may
not be installed properly.
1. Remove the ink cartridge and check that the film is removed from
the cap.
2. Reinstall the ink cartridge checking that it is securely latched in
place. Make sure there is no gap between the ink cartridge and the
holder.
3. Perform the print head cleaning procedure described later in this
chapter. (See the Print Head Needs Cleaning section.)
ON LINE, HS, and HQ Indicators Are Blinking
If you turn on the printer and the ON LINE, HS, and HQ indicators are
blinking, a RAM/ROM error has probably occurred. Try these steps to
clear the problem:
1. Press the POWER button to turn off the printer.
2. Wait 15 seconds, and press the POWER button again to turn on
the printer. If the problem is cleared, the ON LINE indicator will
blink for a few seconds and then lights steadily, and the print head
will move to the home position. If the HS and HQ indicators
continue to blink, call the Canon help desk at 1-800-423-2366.
ERROR Light Is On
If the ERROR indicator lights, follow these steps:
1. Check the sheet feeder. If the printer is out of paper, load paper
into the sheet feeder and press ON LINE to continue printing.
2. Check the printer for a paper jam. If a paper jam has occurred,
clear is as described later in this chapter. (See the Paper Jams
Occur section.)
Paper Loading Problems
This section contains problems and solutions related to loading paper
and envelopes into your printer. Locate the problem you are having, and
follow the steps in the order listed.
Paper Does Not Load Into Printer
1. Make sure the paper selection lever (on the right side of the sheet
feeder) is set to the correct position:
„ For normal weight paper, set it to the back position.
„ For envelopes or thick paper, set it to the front
position.
„ For manually feeding paper, set it to the front
position.
2. When manually feeding paper, make sure the printer is on-line.
Then insert the single sheet of paper all the way into the sheet
feeder and hold it for one second. If the paper is not inserted far
enough, the printer cannot load it.
3. Make sure the paper rest is extended and the paper is not curled.
Multiple Sheets Load Into Printer
1. Make sure the paper is not sticking together. Fan the stack of
paper before placing it in the sheet feeder.
2. Check that the paper rest is extended and the paper selection lever
is in the back position for automatic loading of paper.
3. Do not stack too many sheets of paper in the sheet feeder. Try
removing a few sheets of paper from the sheet feeder.
4. If the sheet feeder contains different types of paper, load just one
type of paper.
5. Do not use curled or bent paper, which may fall into the manual
feed slot and cause the paper to misfeed.
Paper Is Loaded Skewed (Printing Is Skewed)
1. Check that the paper rest is extended and the paper selection lever
is back.
2. Make sure the stack of paper is straight in the sheet feeder.
3. Check that the right side of the stack of paper is aligned against
the right side of the sheet feeder and the left side is aligned against
the paper guide.
Envelopes Do Not Load
1. Set the paper selection lever to the front position.
2. Make sure the envelope is loaded properly:
„ The flap is toward the sheet feeder.
„ The right side of the envelope is aligned against the right side of
the sheet feeder.
„ The left side is aligned against the paper guide.
3. For manual loading, insert the envelope all the way into the sheet
feeder.
NOTE: Use only commercial, number 10 envelopes, which are 9.5 x 4.1
inches (241 x 104 mm).
Paper Does Not Eject After Printing
Most software applications tell the printer to eject the paper after
printing, however, some do not. If the printer does not automatically
eject a sheet of paper after printing, follow these steps:
1. Press the ON LINE button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press and hold the LF/FF button for one second to eject the
paper.
3. To resume printing, press the ON LINE button.
Paper Jams Occur
If a paper jam occurs, the ERROR indicator lights and the printer goes
off-line. Follow these steps to clear the paper jam:
1. Press the POWER button to turn off the printer.
2. Gently pull out the sheet of paper with one hand while holding
down the printer body with your other hand.
3. If the paper tears leaving part of the sheet inside the printer, open
the front cover and remove the paper from inside the printer.
4. Press the POWER button to turn on the printer. the POWER,
ON LINE, and HQ (or HS) indicators light and the print head
moves to the home position. The printer is now ready for printing.
If you are having repeated paper jams, it may be due to the paper you
are using:
„ Fan the paper before stacking it in the sheet feeder. This keeps the
sheet of paper from sticking together.
„ Check that the paper you are using and your printing environment
are within the specifications of the Canon Bubble Jet Printer BJ230. See Appendix A, Printer Specifications, for details.
Print Quality Problems
If your print quality is not what you expect it to be, check the following
list for your problem and a possible remedy, or try the suggestions in the
sections below.
Print
Results
Most Probable Cause
Remedy
Smudged
Paper type
Try a different paper type
Blurred
Paper type
Try a different paper type
Fading
Print head is clogged or Clean the print head or replace
out of ink
the ink cartridge
White
streaks
Print head is clogged
Clean the print head
Dots
missing
Print head is clogged
Clean the print head
Irregular
dots
Print head is clogged
Clean the print head
Print Density is Low
The printer has three print modes, and the print density of each mode is
different. The density of the HS mode is low, the density of HQ mode is
high, and the density of SHQ is very high. If you are using HS mode and
not getting satisfactory darkness, try HQ or SHQ mode.
Print Is Not Clear
1. Paper has a right side for printing. If the print quality is not as
clear as you would like it to be, try turning the paper over and
printing on the other side.
2. Make sure the paper thickness lever (inside the printer) is set for
your paper type.
3. Make sure you are using a BC-02 ink cartridge. If not, replace the
ink cartridge with a BC-02.
Characters Are Blurred or Smudged
1. If the printed characters are blurred or smudged, make sure you
are using the recommended paper.
2. Make sure the paper thickness lever (inside the printer) is set for
your paper type.
3. Make sure you are using a BC-02 ink cartridge. If not, replace the
ink cartridge with a BC-02.
Smudges on Back of Printed Page
If ink happens to get on the printer's platen, the back side of the printed
page will have smudge marks. If this occurs, clean the platen by feeding
a few sheets of paper through the printer.
Characters Appear Jagged
Check your software application to see what resolution is selected.
Printing at 180 dpi will give a jagged look to output. Changing the
resolution to 360 dpi should correct this.
Irregular Print Quality
If white streaks appear on the printed page or dots are missing in the
printed output, clean the print head as described later in this section.
Ink-stained Areas
If you are printing high density graphics in SHQ mode and black areas
appear ink-stained, follow these steps:
1. Change to HQ mode or HS mode.
2. Set the paper thickness lever to the right (for thick paper) and try
printing again.
If the printed pages include thin stains around double-high characters
printed in BJ-10 mode, set the paper thickness lever to the right (for
thick paper) and print it again.
Print Head Needs Cleaning
Paper dust or ink may get clogged in an ink nozzle in the ink cartridge.
Performing the print head cleaning procedure should clear up this
problem.
The printer will automatically clean the print head when you follow these
steps:
1. Make sure the printer is turned on and on-line.
2. Press the ON LINE and PRINT MODE buttons at the same time.
The ON LINE indicator will blink for about 12 seconds while the printer
cleans the print head. When complete, the ON LINE indicator stops
blinking and goes off. Press ON LINE to resume printing.
You can print the self test or font list to check the print quality. She
Chapter 4, Using the Operator Panel, for instructions on printing the test
prints.
If the print quality is still not crisp and clear after cleaning the print head,
try the head cleaning procedure again. If your output is not satisfactory
after cleaning the print head several consecutive times, replace the ink
cartridge.
Ink Cartridges Continually Run Out of Ink
If your ink cartridges seem to run out of ink before you think they
should, make sure you are following these guidelines:
1. Make sure you turn off the printer only when the ink cartridge is
in the home position.
2. Only transport the printer when the ink cartridge is in the home
position.
3. Never unplug the printer when the power is turned on.
When the print head is in the home position, it is capped; this prevents it
from being damaged or drying out.
Printing Problems
This section contains problems and solutions related to your printer or
the software you are using.
Printout is Wrong
If strange characters appear in your output, there may be a
communications problem between the printer and your computer.
If your printed output does not appear as you expect, follow these steps:
1. Make sure your cable connections are secure.
2. Check that the printer control mode (BJ-10 or Epson LQ)
matches the printer driver you selected. See Chapter 5, Using the
Printer With Software, for details on selecting a printer driver and
a printer control mode.
Characters on Screen Do Not Match Printed Characters
Many graphics characters and special symbols are produced by different
ASCII code on each make of computer and printer. Compare the
character set in your computer manual with those shown in Appendix C.
Set the correct character table and printer control mode with the DIP
switches.
Printing Beyond Edge of Page
If the printer is printing only part of each line, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the paper is aligned correctly in the sheet feeder.
2. Check the software setting for the right margin.
3. Check the setting of DIP switch 1. This DIP switch controls the
horizontal print position:
„ For letter-size paper, set it to OFF.
„ For envelopes, set it to OFF.
„ For A4-size paper, set it to ON
Printout Does Not Match Paper Size
1. Make sure the paper size you select within your printer driver
matches the orientation in which you load the paper in the printer.
(See chapter 3, Loading Paper, for information on loading paper,
and see Chapter 5, Using the Printer With Software, for
information on printer drivers.)
2. Make sure the width of the paper on which you are printing
matches the width defined by your software so there is always
paper between the print head and the platen. The print head may
be damaged if it prints directly on the platen.
If the print head does print on the platen, feed a few sheets of paper
through the printer to clean the ink off the platen.
Printing Incorrect Number of Lines on Page
If the printer is not printing the number of lines you expect on a page,
follow these steps.
1. Check the setting of DIP switch 4. This DIP switch determines the
page length:
„ For letter-size paper, set it to OFF
„ For envelopes, set it to OFF.
„ For A4-size paper, set it to ON.
2. Check the top and bottom margin settings of your software.
3. Make sure your paper is loaded correctly.
Printer Is Not Using Font You Selected With DIP Switches
Your software is overriding the DIP switch setting. Change the
initialization or setup string that your software sends. You may need to
do this using a menu or screen provided by your application software.
See your application user's manual for information about how your
software works with your printer.
Computer Indicates a Device Time-out
A device time-out occurs when your computer sends data to the printer
but the printer does not respond. The printer may be off, off-line, or not
connected to the computer.
If your computer indicates a device time-out, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is on and on-line.
2. Check that the printer's interface cable is securely attached to both
the printer and the computer.
3. Make sure paper is properly loaded in the sheet feeder.
4. Try the print operation again.
Windows Problems
This section contains problems and solutions related to using your
printer with Windows applications.
Printer Prints Garbage or Does Not Print
If you are using Windows and the printer prints garbage or does not
print, you may see a dialog box that displays this message: Cannot print,
check if printer is off-line. Follow these steps:
1. Make sure your cable connections are secure.
2. Choose Control Panel from the Main Group window in the
Program Manager and open the Printers icon.
„ From the Printers dialog box, select Connect and
disable the Fast Printing Direct to Port option.
„ Turn off the Print Manager in the Printers dialog box.
Large Gaps Appear Between Text of Graphics
1. Choose Control Panel from the Main Group window in the
Program Manager and open the Windows Setup icon.
2. Check that the video driver is VGA. If the display driver is
anything other than VGA, call the display manufacturer and
request an updated display driver. In the meantime, install the
standard VGA driver that came with Windows 3.1.
Envelopes Do Not Print Correctly
If you are using Microsoft Word for Windows and the Envelope Macro
button does not work, follow these steps to print envelopes correctly.
First create the SetPrinterHeuristic dialog box:
1. Start Word for Windows 2.0
2. From the top menu bar, select FILE and then OPEN.
3. In the Open File dialog box, choose the NEWMACRO.DOC and
select OK.
Chapter 8
Customizing the Printer
This chapter describes the factory default settings of the printer and the
steps you follow to customize these settings for your particular printing
needs.
You will find that the factory default settings provide features to meet
most of your printing needs. With these settings, your printer emulates
any Canon BJ printer and the IBM Proprinter X24E. This means you
can use the printer with any software application that supports these
printers.
You want to make sure the printer's settings match the requirements of
your software application. If you have a unique printing requirement,
you can customize the printer by changing the DIP switches settings as
described in this chapter.
Your printer is designed to be used in BJ-10 mode and provides
numerous printing features in this mode. If your software application id
designed to print only on an Epson LQ printer, you can use the DIP
switches to change the printer control mode to Epson LQ.
Factory Default Settings
The following table shows the factory default settings of the printer:
Function
Character Pitch
Line spacing
Print quality
Beeper
Automatic carriage return (CR)
Slashed zero
Vertical tab stops
Horizontal tab stops
Vertical margins
Horizontal margins
Print direction (text)
Setting
10 characters per inch (cpi)
6 lines per inch (lpi)
High quality (HQ) mode
Enabled
Disabled (no CR with line feed)
Disabled (zero not slashed)
No vertical tabs set
Column 9 then every 8th column
Top margin = first print line
Bottom margin = page length
Left margin = 0
Right margin = maximum print width
Bi-directional
(
)
Font typeface
Horizontal print position
Text scale mode
Envelope mode
Page length
Character set
Automatic line feed (LF)
Alternate Graphics Mode
Code page
Buffer
Printer control mode
Courier
Letter
Disabled
Disabled
11 inches
Character Set 1
Disabled (no automatic LF after CR)
Disabled
437 (IBM USA)
Input = Approx. 41.2 KB
Download = 0 KB
BJ-10
This printer has two printer control modes: BJ-10 mode, which emulates
the IBM Proprinter X24E, and Epson LQ mode, which emulates the
Epson LQ-510. The default setting is BJ-10 mode. If you change this to
Epson LQ mode, the default settings also change.
DIP Switch Settings
The DIP switch settings control various printer functions, such as the
page length and character set you want to use. The DIP switches are
located on the operator panel under a small cover.
A DIP switch is OFF when it is up, and ON when it is down. The
factory default setting for each DIP switch is OFF.
The printer functions defined by the DIP switches are determined by the
printer control mode. DIP switch 12 selects the printer control mode.
When DIP switch 12 is OFF, the printer is in BJ-10 mode; when DIP
switch 12 is ON, the printer is in Epson LQ mode.
Changing a DIP Switch Setting
To change a DIP switch setting, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is turned off.
2. Open the DIP switch cover on the top of the printer. Pull the
cover toward you lifting from the notch at the top of the cover.
You may need to use a thin object, such as a coin, to release the
cover.
The cover slides down into the printer.
3. Use a pointed object, such as a ballpoint pen, to change the DIP
switch settings. A DIP switch is OFF when it is up, and ON when
it down.
4. Close the DIP switch cover after making your selections.
The new DIP switch settings take effect when you turn on the printer.
If you turn off or reset the printer, or if the printer receives the Set Initial
Conditions command from a software program, the printer resets its
functions to the settings defined by the DIP switches.
BJ-10 Mode
When the printer is in BJ-10 mode (DIP switch 12 is OFF), you can set
the DIP switches to control the following functions:
DIP switch Function
OFF
ON
1
Horizontal print
position
Letter size or
COM 10 envelope
A4 size or
DL size envelope
2
Text scale mode
Disabled
Enabled
3
Reduction mode
Disabled
Enabled
4
Page length
11 inches
12 inches
5
Ch
S t1
S t2
t
t
5
Character set
Set 1
Set 2
6
Automatic carriage
return (CR)
Normal line feed (LF) LF with CR
7
Alternate Graphics
Mode (AGM)
Disabled
Enabled
8
Not used
9
Code page
437
850
10
Buffer size
Input: 41.2 KB
Download: 0 KB
Input: 1.2 KB
Download: 40 KB
11
Not used
12
Printer control mode BJ-10 mode
Epson LQ mode
DIP switch 1
Use this switch to change the horizontal print position according to the
size of your paper. If you are using letter-size paper or envelopes, set
this switch OFF; the left margin will be 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) and the
maximum print width will be 10.5 inches. If you are using A4-size paper,
set this switch ON; the left margin will be 0.13 inch (3.4 mm) and the
maximum print width will be 11.4 inches.
DIP switch 2
If you are using a software application that assumes 66 lines will fit on
each page, set this switch to ON. The printer will reduce the line spacing
by a factor of 14/15 which is from 63 lines per page to 66 lines per page
if line spacing is set to 6 lines per inch (lpi).
DIP switch 3
Use this switch to turn on reduction mode. In this mode, the printer
reduces characters and graphics to two-thirds of their normal size. When
the printer is in envelope mode, reduction mode is disabled.
DIP switch 4
If you are using letter-size paper, set this switch OFF; this sets the page
length to 11 inches. If you are using A4-size paper, set this switch On;
this sets the page length to 12 inches.
DIP switch 5
When this switch is OFF, the printer uses Character Set 1. When this
switch is ON, the printer uses Character Set 2. See Appendix C for
information on the character sets.
DIP switch 6
When this switch is OFF, the printer performs a normal line feed. Set
this to On if you want the printer to perform a carriage return after each
line feed.
DIP switch7
Set this switch ON to enable Alternate Graphics Mode (AGM). In this
mode, the printer accepts high-resolution, 24-dot, all-points-addressable
(APA) graphics commands similar to those used with conventional 24pin printers.
DIP switch 9
When this switch is OFF, the printer uses IBM USA code page 437.
When this switch is ON, the printer uses IBM Multilingual code page
850. Each code page has three character sets: Set 1, Set 2, and All
Characters Chart. See Appendix C for a sample of each character set.
DIP switch 10
When this switch is OFF, the printer allocates the entire buffer space
(approximately 41.2 KB) to the input buffer. When you are using
downloaded fonts, change this switch to ON; the printer will allocate 40
KB to buffer space for downloaded fonts.
DIP switch 12
When this switch is Off, the printer is in the BJ-10 mode. When this
switch is On, the printer is in Epson LQ mode.
Example
The following DIP switch settings select the specified printer functions
as the defaults:
DIP switch
12 OFF
1 ON
4 ON
7 ON
9 ON
Function
BJ-10 printer control mode
A4-size paper
12-inch page length
AGM mode enabled
Code page 850
Epson LQ Mode
When the printer is in Epson LQ mode (DIP switch 12 is ON), you can
set the DIP switches to control the following functions:
DIP switch
Function
OFF
ON
1
Horizontal print
position
Letter size or envelope
A4 size
2
Text scale mode
Disabled
Enabled
3
Reduction mode
Disabled
Enabled
4
Page length
11 inches
12 inches
5
Character Set
Italics
Graphics
6, 7, 8
International
character set
See below
9, 10, 11
Typeface
See below
12
Printer control
mode
BJ-10 mode
Epson LQ
mode
DIP switch 1
Use this switch to change the horizontal print position according to the
size of your paper. If you are using letter size paper or envelopes, leave
this switch set to OFF; the left margin will be 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) and the
maximum print width will be 10.5 inches. If you are using A4 size paper,
set this switch ON; the left margin will be 0.13 inch (3.4 mm) and the
maximum print width will be 11.4 inches.
DIP switch 2
If you are using a software application that assumes 66 lines will fit on
each page, set this switch to ON. The printer will reduce the line spacing
by a factor of 14/15, which is from 63 lines per page to 66 lines per page
if line spacing is set to 6 lines per inch (lpi).
DIP switch 3
Use this switch to turn on reduction mode. In this mode, the printer
reduces characters and graphics to two-thirds of their normal size. When
the printer is in envelope mode, reduction mode is disabled.
DIP switch 4
If you are using letter size paper, set this switch Off; this sets the page
length to 11 inches. If you are using A4 size paper, set this switch ON;
this sets the page length to 12 inches.
DIP switch 5
When this switch is OFF, the printer uses the Epson Italics character set,
which includes italic characters. When this which is ON, the printer uses
the Epson Graphics character set, which is the same as the MS-DOS
code page 437 (this character set includes symbols, lines, corners, and
European characters). See Appendix C for information on the character
sets.
DIP switch 6, 7, 8
These switches allow you to select one of eight international character
sets. These character sets provide you with the characters and symbols
used in other languages. See Appendix C for information on the
character sets.
Character set
USA
United Kingdom
Germany
France
Denmark
Sweden
Italy
Spain
DIP switches
6
7
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
8
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
DIP switches 9, 10, 11
These switches allow you to select one of eight font typefaces.
Typeface
Roman
Sans serif
Draft
Courier
Prestige
Script
Orator
Orator-S
DIP switches
6
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
7
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
8
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
DIP switch 12
When this switch is OFF, the printer is in BJ-10 mode. When this switch
is ON, the printer is in Epson LQ mode.
Example
The following DIP switch settings select the specified printer functions
as the defaults:
DIP switch
12 ON
1 ON
4 ON
5 ON
8 ON
11 ON
Function
Epson LQ printer control mode
A4-size paper
12-inch page length
Graphics character set
United Kingdom character set
Sans serif typeface
NOTE: Unlike some previous Canon printers, internal fonts are
available only through software commands. They cannot be selected
through the operator panel nor the DIP switches. This is only an issue
for some MS-DOS applications and some custom software.
Appendix A
Printer Specifications
This appendix lists the specifications of your printer.
Printing Method
Bubble jet ink on-demand
Paper Handling
Automatic feed
Manual feed
Sheet Feeder Capacity
Plain Paper: Maximum 100 sheets of letter, legal, A4, or B5
(20 lb or 75 g/m2); maximum thickness of stacked
paper = 0.39 inch (10 mm)
Maximum 50 sheets of ledger, A3 (20 lb or 75 g/m2);
maximum thickness of stacked paper = 0.19 inch (5 mm)
Envelope:
10 envelopes (commercial number 10)
Paper Size
Letter:
Legal:
Ledger:
A4:
A3:
Envelope:
8.5 x 11 inches
8.5 x 14 inches
11 x 17 inches
210 x 297 mm
297 x 420 mm
9.5 x 4.1 inches (commercial number 10)
Paper Type
Plain paper
Envelopes (Commercial number 10)
Transparency film (Canon #Q07-0001-M1) available with manual feed
Paper Weight
17 to 24 lb (64 to 90 g/m2) with automatic feed
17 to 28 lb (64 to 105 g/m2) with manual feed
Printing Area
Paper:
Horizontal
a 8.3 to 11.7 inches (210 to 297 mm)
b 0.13 inch (3.4 mm)
A4 and A3-size paper
0.25 inch (6.4 mm)
Letter-, legal-, ledger-size paper
Vertical
c 8.3 to 17 inches (210 to 431 mm)
d 0.5 inch (12.7 mm)
e 0.3 inch (8 mm)
Envelopes:
Horizontal
a 9.5 inches (240mm)
b 0.25 inch (6.4mm)
c 0.25 inch (6.4mm)
Vertical
d 4.1 inches (104mm)
e 0.67 inch (17mm)
f 1.0 inch (25.4mm)
Printing Speed
HS mode: 248 cps in 10 cpi, 496 cps in 20 cpi
HQ mode: 173 cps in 10 cpi, 346 cps in 20 cpi
SHQ mode: 124 cps in 10 cpi, 248 cps in 20 cpi
Printing Direction
Bi-directional in text (both in MS-DOS and Windows)
Unidirectional in graphics
Printing Width
Maximum 10.5 inches (DIP switch 1 OFF) or 11.4 inches (DIP switch 1
ON)
Line Feed Speed
100 ms/line at 1/6-inch line in HQ, HS mode
190 ms/line at 1/6-inch line in SHQ mode
Resident Printer Control Modes
IBM Proprinter X24E
BJ-10 mode:
emulation
Epson LQ
Epson LQ-510 emulation
mode:
Line Feed Pitch
BJ-10 mode: 1/6, 1/8, n/60, n/72, n/180,
n/216, and
n/360 inches (n: programmable)
Epson LQ
1/6, 1/8, n/180, and n/360 inches
mode:
(n: programmable)
Printing Characters
Typeface:
BJ-10 mode
Prestige and Courier
Epson LQ
Roman, Sans serif, Courier, Prestige,
mode
Script, Orator, Orator-S, and Draft
Pitch:
BJ-10 mode
Epson LQ
mode
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 17 cpi, and PS
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15 cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi, and
PS
Cell Composition:
36 (h) x 48 (v) dot matrix in HQ mode
18 out of 36 (h) x 48 (v) dot matrix in HS mode
Character Set:
IBM Character Sets 1 and 2 and 3
BJ-10 mode
(Code Page 437, 850)
Italics character set and Graphics
Epson LQ
character set
mode
Maximum Number of Characters per Line
BJ-10 mode
Mode
Pitch
10 cpi
10 cpi double-wide
10 cpi condensed
10 cpi condensed, doublewide
12 cpi
12 cpi double-wide
Proportional spacing
10 cpi
5 cpi
17 cpi
8.5
cpi
12 cpi
6 cpi
PS
Characters per
line
DIP Switch 1
OFF
ON
105 cpl 114 cpl
52 cpl
57 cpl
180 cpl 193 cpl
90 cpl
97 cpl
126 cpl
63 cpl
Varies
136 cpl
68 cpl
Varies
Epson LQ mode
Mode
Pitch
10 cpi
10 cpi double-wide
10 cpi condensed
10 cpi condensed, doublewide
12 cpi
12 cpi double-wide
12 cpi condensed
12 cpi condensed, doublewide
15 cpi
10 cpi
5 cpi
17 cpi
8.5
cpi
12 cpi
6 cpi
20 cpi
Characters per
line
DIP Switch 1
OFF
ON
105 cpl 114 cpl
52 cpl
57 cpl
180 cpl 193 cpl
90 cpl
97 cpl
126 cpl
63 cpl
210 cpl
136 cpl
68 cpl
228 cpl
10 cpi 105 cpl
114 cpl
15 cpi 157 cpl
75
171 cpl
15 cpi double-wide
Proportional spacing
7.5
cpi
PS
78 cpl
85 cpl
Varies
Varies
Graphic Image Print
Data format: Vertical 8, 24, and/or 48-dot format
Resolution: Horizontal 60, 120, 180, 240, or 360 dpi
Buffer
BJ-10 mode
Input buffer:
Download buffer:
Approx. 41.2 KB (or 1.2 KB)
0 KB (or 40 KB)
Epson LQ mode
Input buffer:
Download buffer:
Approx. 3 KB
39 KB
Interface
8-bit parallel
Ink Cartridge
Type:
Print head:
Ink color:
Number of
characters printed:
Ink amount:
BC-02 (single cartridge ink supply)
64 bubble jet nozzles
Black
Approx. 700,000
characters/cartridge in HQ mode
Approx. 1,400,000
characters/cartridge in HS mode
Approx. 0.9 oz (28g)
Acoustic Noise Level
Approx. 40 dB(A) in SHQ mode
Approx. 42 dB(A) in HQ, HS mode
Operating Environment
Temperature: 41º F to 95º F (5º C to 35º C)
Humidity:
10% to 90% RH (no condensation)
Storing Environment
Temperature: 32º F to 95º F (5º C to 35º C)
Humidity:
5% to 95% RH (no condensation)
Power Source
USA/Canada AC 120V, 60Hz, 30W
Dimensions
16.9 inches (428 mm) W x 8.2 inches (209 mm) D x 7.9
inches
(201.2 mm) H
Weight
Approx. 7.7 lbs (3.5 kg)
Appendix C
Printer Mode Command Summaries
and Character Sets
This appendix lists the control codes and ESCape sequences you can use
in BJ-10 mode and Epson LQ mode, and shows the character sets
available in each mode. For a complete description of these
programming commands, you can order the Canon Bubble Jet Priner BJ200/BJ-230 Programmer's Manual. Call the Canon help desk at 1-800423-2366 to order this manual.
Control codes and ESCape sequences tell the printer how to print a job.
You send commands to the printer in one of two ways:
„ You can use your application software to automatically embed
certain commands (such as bold, underline, or indent) within a
document. When the document prints, the embedded commands
control the way the printer produces the printed page. Refer to
your application software manual for instructions on sending
commands.
„ You can send specific commands directly to the printer, using
either a BASIC programming statement or a printer command
option in your software.
BJ-10 Command Summary
You can use the control codes and ESCape sequences listed in the
following table when the printer is in BJ-10 mode; that is, when DIP
switch 12 is set to OFF.
NOTE: Because of hardware differences, the revers feed code (ESC])
and the printer deselect code (DC3) are not supported by your printer.
Also, the styles of block graphics characters at 12 cpi are different
from normal IBM Proprinter X24e printing.
Basic Control Codes
Function
End command
Sound beeper
Backspace one character
Horizontal tab control;
move to next tab
Perform line feed
Vertical tab control;
move to next tab
Perform form feed
Perform carriage return
Set double-wide mode by line
Set condensed mode (17 cpi);
cancelled by DC2
Set printer on-line
Set 10 cpi mode
Cancel double-wide mode
Cancel data
Insert space
ASCII
NUL
BEL
BS
Decimal
0
7
8
Hexadecimal
00
07
08
HT
9
09
LF
10
0A
VT
11
0B
FF
CR
SO
12
13
14
0C
0D
0E
SI
15
0F
DC1
DC2
DC4
CAN
SP
17
18
20
24
32
11
12
14
18
20
ESCape Sequence Codes
Function
ASCII
Set/cancel underscore
ESC - n
mode
n Setting
0 End underscore
1 Start under score
Set 1/8-inch line spacing (8 ESC0
lpi)
Set 7/72-inch line spacing ESC 1
(7/72 inch per line)
Enable line spacing set by ESC 2
ESC A
Set graphics line spacing in ESC 3 n
n/180-inch increments;
n = 1 to 85
Set top of form
ESC 4
Set/cancel automatic LF ESC 5 n
n Setting
0 End automatic line feed
1 Start automatic line feed
Select IBM Character Set ESC 6
2
Select IBM Character Set ESC 7
Decimal
27 45 n
Hexadecimal
1B 2D n
2748
1B30
27 49
1B 31
27 50
1B 32
27 51 n
1B 33 n
27 52
27 53 n
1B 34
1B 35 n
27 54
1B 36
27 55
1B 37
1
Set 12-cpi, Prestige mode ESC :
Download 24-dot, font
ESC = n1 n2 #
image
Download 48-dot, font
ESC = n1 n2
image
%
Set text line spacing to
ESC A n
n/72
inch per line; n = 1 to 255
Set vertical tab;
ESC B n1 ...
n1 ... n64 = line numbers n64 NUL
for tab stops
Set page length in lines; n ESC C n
= 1 to 255
Set page length in inches; ESC C NUL n
n = 1 to 14
Set horizontal tabs;
ESC D
n1 ... n28 = columns for
n1...n28 NUL
tab stops
Set emphasized mode to ESC E
start
printing in twice the
normal dot density
Cancel emphasized mode ESC F
set by ESC E
Set double-strike mode
ESC G
Cancel double-strike mode ESC H
set by ESC G
Select font style
ESC I n
Perform graphics line
ESC J n
spacing;
n = 0 to 255
Set single-density image ESC K n1 n2
graphics
Set double-density image ESC L n1 n2
graphics
Set perforation skip; n = 0 ESC N n
to 255 lines
Cancel perforation skip
ESC O
Set/cancel proportional
ESC P n
spacing mode
n Setting
0 End proportional spacing
1 Start proportional
spacing
Deselect printer
ESC Q n
Set all tabs to default
ESC R
27 58
1B 3A
27 61 n1 n2 35 1B 3D n1 n2 23
27 61 n1 n2 37 1B 3D n1 n2 25
27 65 n
1B 41 n
27 66 n1 ...
n64 0
1B 42 n1 ... n64 0
27 67 n
1B 43 n
27 67 0 n
1B 43 00 n
27 68 n1...n28 1B 44 n1...n28 00
0
27 69
1B 45
27 70
1B 46
27 71
27 72
1B 47
1B 48
27 73 n
27 74 n
1B 49 n
1B 4A n
27 75 n1 n2
1B 4B n1 n2
27 76 n1 n2
1B 4C n1 n2
27 78 n
1B 4E n
27 79
27 80 n
1B 4F
1B 50 n
27 81 n
27 82
1B 51 n
1B 52
settings
Set super/subscript mode ESC S n
27 83 n
n Setting
0 Select superscript mode
1 Select subscript mode
Cancel super/subscript
ESC T
27 84
mode set by ESC S
Select printer direction
ESC U n
27 85 n
Set/cancel double-wide
ESC W n
27 87 n
mode
n Setting
0 Cancel double-wide
mode
1 Start double-wide mode
Set horizontal margins; n ESC X n m
27 88 n m
and m = 0 to 255
Set double-density image ESC Y n1 n2 27 89 n1 n2
graphics mode
Set quadruple-density
ESC Z n1 n2 27 90 n1 n2
image graphics mode
Set/cancel presentation
ESC [ @ n1 n2 27 91 64 n1 n2
highlight (double-high
m1 m2 m3 m4 m1 m2 m3 m4
mode)
Select global font
ESC [ I
27 91 73
Set initial condition
ESC [ K n1 n2 27 91 75 n1 n2
Set code page
ESC [ T n1 n2 27 91 84 n1 n2
Change graphics line
ESC [ \ n1 n2 27 91 92 n1 n2
spacing
Select high resolution
ESC [ g n1 n2 27 91 103 n1
graphics mode
n2
Print continuously from All ESC \ n1 n2 27 92 n1 n2
Characters Chart
Print single character from ESC ^
27 94
All Characters Chart
Set/cancel overscore mode ESC _ n
27 95 n
n Setting
0 Cancel overscore mode
1 Set overscore mode
Relative move inline to the ESC d n1 n2 27 100 n1 n2
right
Set printer off-line
ESC j
27 106
Alternate Graphics Mode Codes
1B 53 n
1B 54
1B 55 n
1B 57 n
1B 58 n m
1B 59 n1 n2
1B 5A n1 n2
1B 5B 40 n1 n2
m1 m2 m3 m4
1B 5B 49
1B 5B 4B n1 n2
1B 5B 54 n1 n2
1B 5B 5C n1 n2
1B 5B 67 n1 n2
1B 5C n1 n2
1B 5E
1B 5F n
1B 64 n1 n2
1B 6A
Function
Select graphics mode (AGM)
ASCII
ESC * m n1
n2
Set graphics line spacing (AGM); n = ESC 3 n
0 to 255
Set text line spacing (AGM); n = 1 to ESC A n
85
Perform graphics line spacing
ESC J n
(AGM); n = 0 to 255
Decimal
27 42 m n1
n2
27 51 n
Hexadecimal
1B 2A m n1
n2
1B 33 n
27 65 n
1B 41 n
27 74 n
1B 4A n
Miscellaneous Control Codes
Function
Set 360 dpi graphics
Set/perform 1/360-inch graphics line
spacing
ASCII
FS C B
FS C J n
m
Decimal
Hexadecimal
28 67 66
1C 43 42
28 67 74 n 1C 43 4A n
m
m
BJ-10 Character Sets
In BJ-10 mode, your printer supports two IBM code pages: USA code
page 437 and Multilingual code page 850. Each code page has three
character sets: Character Set 1, Character Set 2, and All Characters
Chart.
You select the code page by setting DIP switch 9: OFF for code page
437, ON for 850. You select the character set by setting DIP swich 5:
OFF for Character Set 1, ON for Character Set 2.
Each code page corresponds to an All Characters Chart. For the All
Characters Chart, there are no control codes except for the space code
at ASCII 32. All other ASCII characters are printable. The All
Characters Chart is selected by the ESC ^ or the ESC \ code.
Character Set 1 has control codes in two places: one between ASCII 0
and ASCII 32 and the other between ASCII 128 adn ASCII 159.
Character Set 2 has control codes only between ASCII 0 and 32. All
other ASCII characters are printable.
The three character sets for each code page are shown on following
pages.
NOTE: A control code is an unprintable character that the printer
uses for printer operations, such as line spacing or carriage return.
USA Code
Page 437
Character
Set 1
USA Code
Page 437
Character
Set 2
USA Code
Page 437
All
Characters
Chart
Multilingual
Code Page
850
Character
Set 1
Multilingual
Code Page
850
Character
Set 2
Multilingual
Code Page
850
All
Characters
Chart
Epson LQ Command Summary
You can use the control codes listed in the following tables when the
printer is in LQ mode; that is, when DIP switch 12 is set to ON.
NOTE: Because of hardware differences, the justification code, ESC
a, and the perforation skip codes, ESC M and ESC N, are not
supported by your printer. Also, they styles of block graphics
characters at 12 cpi are different from normal Epson LQ 510 printing.
Basic Control Codes
Function
End command
Sound beeper
Backspace one character
Horizontal tab control;
move to next tab
Perform line feed
Vertical tab control;
move to next tab
Perform form feed
Perform carriage return
Set double-wide mode
by line
Set condensed mode
(17 cpi); cancelled by
DC2
Set printer on-line
Cancel condensed
mode (17 cpi) set
by SI
Set printer off-line
Cancel double-wide
mode
Cancel data
Start escape sequence
Insert space
Delete character
ASCII
NUL
BEL
BS
HT
Decimal
0
7
8
9
Hexadecimal
00
07
08
09
LF
VT
10
11
0A
0B
FF
CR
SO
12
13
14
0C
0D
0E
SI
15
0F
DC1
DC2
17
18
11
12
DC3
DC4
19
20
13
14
CAN
ESC
SP
DEL
24
27
32
127
18
1B
20
74
ESCape Sequence Codes
Function
Set double-wide mode by
line
Set condensed mode
Control sheet feeder
n Setting
R Eject paper
Set intercharacter space
Set/cancel various print
modes (Master Select)
Cancel most significant
bit (MSB) control
Set absolute print position
Select download character
ASCII
ESC SO
Decimal
27 14
Hexadecimal
1B 0E
ESC SI
ESC EM n
27 15
27 25 n
1B 0F
1B 19 n
ESC SP n
ESC ! n
27 32 n
27 33 n
1B 20 n
1B 21 n
ESC #
27 35
1B 23
ESC $ n1 n2 27 36 n1 n2
ESC % n
27 37 n
1B 24 n1 n2
1B 25 n
set
n Setting
0 Use ROM character set
1 Use RAM character set
Define downloaded
characters
Select score mode
ESC &
27 38
ESC ( - n1 n2 27 40 45 n1 n2
m d1 d2
m d1 d2
Select image graphics mode ESC * m n1 27 42 m n1 n2
n2
Set line spacing
ESC + n
27 43 n
increments of n/360
per line; n = 0 to 255
Set/cancel underscore mode ESC - n
27 45 n
n Setting mode
0 Start underscore
1 End underscore
Select vertical tab channel; ESC / n
27 47 n
n = 0 to 7
Set 1/8-inch line
ESC 0
27 48
spacing (8 lpi)
Set 1/6-inch line
ESC 2
27 50
spacing (6 lpi)
Set line spacing in n/180ESC 3 n
27 51 n
inch
increments; n = 1 to 255
Set italic mode
ESC 4
27 52
Cancel italic mode
ESC 5
27 53
Enable printable range
ESC 6
27 54
Cancel printable range
ESC 7
27 55
expansion
Copy ROM font to RAM
ESC :
27 58
Set unidirectional print by
ESC
27 60
line
Set most significant bit
ESC =
27 61
(MSB) to 0
Set most significant bit
ESC
27 62
(MSB) to 1
Reassign image
ESC ? n m
27 63 n m
graphics mode
Reset printer settings to the ESC @
27 64
default values that were set
when you turned on the
printer
Set n/60-inch line spacing; ESC A n
27 65 n
n = 0 to 127
ESC B n1 n2 27 66 n1 n2
Set vertical tabs;
1 2 li
b f
1B 26
1B 28 2D n1 n2 m
d1 d2
1B 2A m n1 n2
1B 2B n
1B 2D n
1B 2F n
1B 30
1B 32
1B 33 n
1B 34
1B 35
1B 36
1B 37
1B 3A
1B 3C
1B 3D
1B 3E
1B 3F n m
1B 40
1B 41 n
1B 42 n1 n2
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