Manual: 396, 398 TUpH pH/ORP Sensor Abridged

Instruction Sheet
PN 51A-396/rev.F
January 2011
Models 396 and 398
pH/ORP Sensors
For additional information, please visit our website
at www.emersonprocess.com/raihome/liquid/.
SPECIFICATIONS
pH Range*: AccuGlass: 0-14 pH
Wetted Materials:
Model 396: polypropylene, 316 stainless steel,
glass, EP
Model 398: Tefzel; titanium; glass; and choice of
Kalrez, Viton or EPDM o-rings
Interconnecting Cable: 15 ft (4.6 m), for use with
remote preamplifier
Temperature Rating: 0 to 100° C (32 to 212° F)
Pressure Range:
Model 396:
Hemi bulb: 100 - 1136 kPa (abs) (0 - 150 psig
Flat bulb: 100 - 790 kPa (abs) (0 - 100 psig)
Model 398:
Hemi bulb: 100 - 1825 kPa (abs) (0 - 250 psig)
Flat bulb: 100 - 790 kPa (abs) (0 - 100 psig)
Minimum Conductivity: 75 μS/cm, nominal 100 μS/cm
Weight/Shipping Weight: 0.45 kg/0.9 kg (1 lb/2 lb)
Process Connections: None: must use 1 in. MNPT
process connector PN 23166-00 or 23166-01
*PERCENT LINEARITY
pH range
hemi bulb GPHT
flat bulb GPLR
0-2
94%
93%
2-12
99%
98%
12-13
97%
95%
13-14
92%
—
CAUTION
WARNING
SENSOR/PROCESS APPLICATION COMPATIBILITY
The wetted sensor materials may not be compatible
with process composition and operating conditions.
Application compatibility is entirely the responsibility of the user.
Before removing the sensor, be absolutely certain
that the process pressure is reduced to 0 psig and
the process temperature is lowered to a safe level!
WARNING
DANGER
Glass electrode must be wetted at all times (in storage
and in line) to maximize sensor life.
Do not connect sensor to power lines. Serious injury
may result.
ATEX DIRECTIVE
Special Conditions for safe use
1. All pH/ORP sensors have a plastic enclosure which must only be cleaned with a damp cloth to avoid the
danger due to a build up of an electrostatic charge.
2. All pH/ORP sensor Models are intended to be in contact with the process fluid and may not meet the 500V
r.m.s. a.c. test to earth. This must be taken into consideration at installation.
STORAGE
1. It is recommended that electrodes be stored in their
original shipping containers until needed.
2. Do not store at temperatures below -5°C (23°F).
3. Electrodes should be stored with a protective cap
containing KCl solution (PN 9210342).
4. For overnight storage, immerse the sensor in tap
water or 4 pH buffer solution.
5. A pH glass electrode does have a limited shelf life
of one year.
ELECTRODE PREPARATION
1. Remove electrode from shipping container.
1. Immerse sensor in the first buffer solution. Allow
sensor to equilibrate to the buffer temperature (to
avoid errors due to temperature differences
between the buffer solution and sensor temperature) and wait for reading to stabilize. Value of buffer
can now be acknowledged by analyzer/transmitter.
2. Once the first buffer has been acknowledged by the
analyzer/transmitter, rinse the buffer solution off of
the sensor with distilled or deionized water.
3. Repeat steps 1 & 2 using the second buffer solution.
4. The theoretical slope value, according to the Nernst
equation for calculating pH, is approximately 59.17
mV/pH. Over time the sensor will age, both in the
process and in storage, and will result in reduced
slope values. To ensure accurate readings, it is recommended that the electrode be replaced when the
slope value falls below 47 to 49 mV/pH.
2. Remove the protective boot covering the electrode
bulb.
3. For pH electrode, rinse away salt film with clean
water, then shake the electrode so that the internal
solution fills the bulb, thus removing any air trapped
there.
CAUTION
The buffer in the protective boot may cause skin or
eye irritation.
RECOMMENDED pH SENSOR
STANDARDIZATION
For maximum accuracy, the sensor can be standardized on-line or with a process grab sample after a
buffer calibration has been performed and the sensor
has been conditioned to the process. Standardization
accounts for the sensor junction potential and other
interferences. Standardization will not change the sensor’s slope but will simply adjust the analyzer’s reading
to match that of the known process pH.
INSTALLATION
For sensor dimensions, see Figure 1.
For sensor orientation, see Figures 2 and 3.
For wiring, see Figures 4 - 18.
TWO POINT BUFFER CALIBRATION
Select two stable buffer solutions, preferably pH 4.0
and 10.0 (pH buffers other than pH 4.0 and pH 10.0
can be used as long as the pH values are at least two
pH units apart).
NOTE
A pH 7 buffer solution reads a mV value of
approx. zero, and pH buffers read approximately
± 59.1 mV for each pH unit above or below pH 7.
Check the pH buffer manufacturer specifications
for millivolt values at various temperatures since
it may affect the actual value of the buffer solution
mV/pH value.
2
MAINTENANCE FOR pH ELECTRODE
Electrodes should respond rapidly. Sluggishness, offsets, and erratic readings are indicators that the electrodes may need cleaning or replacement.
1. To remove oil deposit, clean the electrode with a
mild non-abrasive detergent.
2. To remove scale deposits, soak electrodes for 30 to
60 minutes in a 5% hydrochloric acid solution.
3. Temperature effect on life expectancy: If glass electrode life expectancy is 100% @ 25°C (77°F), then
it will be approximately 25% @ 80°C (176°F).
ORP CALIBRATION
MAINTENANCE FOR ORP ELECTRODE
1. After making an electrical connection between the
sensor and the instrument, obtain a standard solution of saturated quinhydrone. This can also be
made quite simply by adding a few crystals of quinhydrone to either pH 4 or pH 7 buffer. Quinhydrone
is only slightly soluble, therefore only a few crystals
will be required.
Electrodes should respond rapidly. Sluggishness, offsets, and erratic readings are indicators that the electrodes may need cleaning or replacement.
2. Immerse the sensor in the standard solution. Allow
1-2 minutes for the ORP sensor to stabilize.
3. Adjust the standardize control of the instrument to
the solution value shown in the table below. The
resulting potentials, measured with a clean platinum electrode and saturated KCl/AgCl reference
electrode, should be within +/- 20 millivolts of the
value shown in the table below. Solution temperature must be noted to ensure accurate interpretation of results. The ORP value of saturated quinhydrone solution is not stable over long periods of
time. Therefore, these standards should be made
up fresh each time they are used.
1. To remove oil deposit, clean the electrode with a
mild non-abrasive detergent.
2. To remove scale deposits, soak electrodes for 30 to
60 minutes in a 5% hydrochloric acid solution.
3. ORP (metallic) electrodes should be polished with
moistened baking soda.
ORP of Saturated Quinhydrone Solution (millivolts)
pH 4 Solution
pH 7 Solution
Temp °C
20
25
30
20
25
30
mV Potential
268
264
260
94
87
80
4. Remove the sensor from the buffer, rinse, and
install in the process.
3
MILLIMETER
INCH
FIGURE 1. Sensor Dimensions
4
FIGURE 2. Flow Through and Insertion Installation For Models 396 and 398
1-1/2 inch Pipe Tee (PN 2002011) with 1 inch threaded connections.
NOTE: The sensor must be mounted at least 10° above the horizon.
5
MILLIMETER
INCH
FIGURE 3. Submersion Installations For Models 396 and 398
6
FIGURE 4. Models 396 and 398 Standard Wiring
Option used with Models 1054A, 1054B, 2054,
and Preamplifiers PN 22698-02 and 22698-03
FIGURE 5. Models 396 and 398 Option -62 for Wiring to
Models 1054, 1181, 2081, 54e, 81, 3081, 4081, 5081-P, Xmt,
SCL-P/Q, and 2700 Preamplifier (PN 23054-03). Also for
use with remote Junction Box PN 23555-00.
Figure 6. Wiring Details for Model 396-54 (50) and 398-54 (50).
For use with Junction Box PN 23309-04 (03) and Remote Preamplifier.
7
MILLIMETER
INCH
SENSOR
MODELS
54, 54e, 3081,
81, 4081,
5081-P
pH/ORP
FIGURE 7. Wiring to Junction Box (PN 23555-00) and Remote Preamplifier.
8
FIGURE 8. Wiring to Model Xmt
FIGURE 9. Wiring to Models 3081, 4081,
and 5081-P
FIGURE 10. Wiring to Model 1055-22-32.
9
FIGURE 11. Wiring to Model 1055-22-32 through a Remote Junction Box
FIGURE 12. Wiring to Model 1055-01-10-22-32
10
FIGURE 13. Preparing Coax Cable with BNC Connector for Wiring to
Models 54, 54e, 81, 2081, 3081, 4081, 5081-P, and Xmt-P
FIGURE 14. Preparing Coax Cable for Wiring to Model 1181
11
FIGURE 15. Wiring to Models
54e and 81
FIGURE 16. Wiring to Model 1181
FIGURE 17. Wiring to Model 2081
SENSOR
For more detailed instructions, see electronic file
51-396to398 on “Instruction Manuals” CD-rom.
The right people,
the right answers,
right now.
FIGURE 18. Wiring to Models 1054A/B and 2054
ON-LINE ORDERING NOW AVAILABLE ON OUR WEB SITE
http://www.raihome.com
Specifications subject to change without notice.
8
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Emerson Process Management
2400 Barranca Parkway
Irvine, CA 92606 USA
Tel: (949) 757-8500
Fax: (949) 474-7250
http://www.raihome.com
© Rosemount Analytical Inc. 2011
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