GP2Y0D21YK0F

GP2Y0D21YK0F
GP2Y0D21YK0F
Distance Measuring Sensor Unit
Digital output (24 cm) type
■Description
■Agency approvals/Compliance
GP2Y0D21YK0F is a distance measuring sensor unit,
composed of an integrated combination of PSD
(position sensitive detector) , IRED (infrared emitting
diode) and signal processing circuit.
The variety of the reflectivity of the object, the
environmental temperature and the operating duration
are not influenced easily to the distance detection
because of adopting the triangulation method.
The output voltage of this sensor stays high in case
an object exists in the specified distance range. So
this sensor can also be used as proximity sensor.
1. Compliant with RoHS directive (2002/95/EC)
■Applications
1. Touch-less switch
(Sanitary equipment, Control of illumination, etc.)
2. Robot cleaner
3. Sensor for energy saving
(ATM, Copier, Vending machine)
4. Amusement equipment
(Robot, Arcade game machine)
■Features
1. Digital output type
2. Detecting distance : Typ. 24 cm
3. Package size : 29.5×13×13.5 mm
4. Consumption current : Typ. 33 mA
5. Supply voltage : 4.5 to 5.5 V
Notice The content of data sheet is subject to change without prior notice.
In the absence of confirmation by device specification sheets, SHARP takes no responsibility for any defects that may occur in equipment using any SHARP
devices shown in catalogs, data books, etc. Contact SHARP in order to obtain the latest device specification sheets before using any SHARP device.
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
Date Dec.01.2006
1
©SHARP Corporation
GP2Y0D21YK0F
■Block diagram
GND
Vcc
Vcc
PSD
Signal
processing circuit
Voltage regulator
12kΩ
Vo
Oscillation circuit
Output circuit
LED drive circuit
LED
Distance measuring IC
■Outline Dimensions
(Unit : mm)
(Stamp)
Stamp(Example)
2Y0D 21 F
Model name
37
29.5
Light emitter
*20±0.1
Lens case
6.3
2
75
*4.5
Month(1 to 9,X,Y,Z)
Year(2005:5)
Light detector
R3.
φ
ho
13
(18.9 +0.5
-0.3 )
8.4
le
7.2
3.2
4 Z
φ
3.2
R3.
75
ho
3.75
le
Connector
10.1
PWB
14.75
1.2
(3.3)
16.3
①②③
13.5
4.15
2-1.5
7.5
Connector signal
signal name
VO
GND
Materials
Lens :Acrylic acid resin
(Visible light cut-off resin)
Case :Carbonic ABS
(Conductive resin)
PCB :Paper phenol
Connector :
J.S.T.TRADING COMPANY,LTD,
S3B-PH
VCC
Note 1. The dimensions marked by “*” show the dimensions of lens center position.
Note 2. Unspecified tolerances shall be ± 0.3 mm.
Note 3. The dimensions in parenthesis are shown for reference.
Product mass : Approx. 3.6g
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
2
GP2Y0D21YK0F
■Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Supply voltage
Output terminal voltage
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
(Ta=25℃,VCC=5V)
Symbol
VCC
VO
Topr
Tstg
Rating
-0.3 to +7
-0.3 to VCC+0.3
-10 to +60
-40 to +70
Unit
Remark
―
V
V Open collector output
―
℃
―
℃
(Ta=25℃,VCC=5V)
■Electro-optical Characteristics
Parameter
Average supply current
Detecting distance range
Output voltage
Detecting distance
Symbol
ICC
ΔL
VOH
VOL
L
Conditions
(Note 1)(Note 3)
Output voltage at high level(Note 1)
Output voltage at low level(Note 1)
(Note 1)(Note 2)(Note 4)
MIN. TYP.
―
33
10
―
VCC-0.3
―
―
―
21
24
MAX.
40
―
―
0.6
27
Unit
mA
cm
V
V
cm
* L : Distance to reflective object
(Note 1) Using reflective object : White paper (Made by Kodak Co., Ltd. gray cards R-27·white face, reflectance; 90%)
(Note 2) The individual product shall be adjusted to have L = 24 cm ± 3 cm as the distance before shipping detecting.
(Note 3) Possible distance measuring range (of the sensor optics)
(Note 4) Output voltage switch has a hysteresis width. The distance specified by L should be
the distance which the output turns from L to H in case an object moves to the sensor.
■Recommended operating conditions
Parameter
Supply voltage
Symbol
VCC
Rating
4.5 to 5.5
Unit
V
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
3
GP2Y0D21YK0F
Fig. 1 Timing chart
Vcc(Power supply)
38.3±9.6ms
Distance measuring operating
Vo(Output)
First measurement
Unstable output
Second
measurement
First output
nth
measurement
Second output
nth
output
7.6±1.9ms
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
4
GP2Y0D21YK0F
Fig. 2 Example of Output distance characteristics
(Detection)
H
Output [V]
H→L
Hysteresis width
(Non Detection)
L→H
L
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
Set-up detection distance
L = 24 ± 3 cm
Distance to reflective object [cm]
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
5
GP2Y0D21YK0F
■Notes
●Advice for the optics
• The lens of this device needs to be kept clean. There are cases that dust, water or oil and so on deteriorate
the characteristics of this device. Please consider in actual application.
• Please don’t do washing. Washing may deteriorate the characteristics of optical system and so on.
Please confirm resistance to chemicals under the actual usage since this product has not been designed against washing.
●Advice for the characteristics
• In case that an optical filter is set in front of the emitter and detector portion, the optical filter which has the most
efficient transmittance at the emitting wavelength range of LED for this product (λ = 870 ± 70nm), shall be
recommended to use. Both faces of the filter should be mirror polishing. Also, as there are cases that the characteristics
may not be satisfied according to the distance between the protection cover and this product or the thickness of the
protection cover, please use this product after confirming the operation sufficiently in actual application.
• In case that there is an object near to emitter side of the sensor between sensor and a detecting object, please use this
device after confirming sufficiently that the characteristics of this sensor do not change by the object.
• When the detector is exposed to the direct light from the sun, tungsten lamp and so on, there are cases that it can not
measure the distance exactly. Please consider the design that the detector is not exposed to the direct light from such
light source.
• Distance to a mirror reflector can not be sometimes measured exactly.
In case of changing the mounting angle of this product, it may measure the distance exactly.
• In case that reflective object has boundary line which material or color etc. are excessively different, in order to
decrease deviation of measuring distance, it shall be recommended to set the sensor that the direction of boundary line
and the line between emitter center and detector center are in parallel.
(Incorrect)
(Correct)
• In order to decrease deviation of measuring distance by moving direction of the reflective object, it shall be
recommended to set the sensor that the moving direction of the object and the line between emitter center and
detector center are vertical.
(Incorrect)
(Correct)
(Moving direction)
(Moving direction)
●Advice for the power supply
• In order to stabilize power supply line, we recommend to insert a by-pass capacitor of 10μF or more
between Vcc and GND near this product.
●Notes on handling
• There are some possibilities that the internal components in the sensor may be exposed to the excessive mechanical
stress. Please be careful not to cause any excessive pressure on the sensor package and also on the PCB while
assembling this product.
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
6
GP2Y0D21YK0F
●Presence of ODC etc.
This product shall not contain the following materials.
And they are not used in the production process for this product.
Regulation substances : CFCs, Halon, Carbon tetrachloride, 1.1.1-Trichloroethane (Methylchloroform)
Specific brominated flame retardants such as the PBB and PBDE are not used in this product at all.
This product shall not contain the following materials banned in the RoHS Directive (2002/95/EC).
• Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Hexavalent chromium, Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB),
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE).
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
7
GP2Y0D21YK0F
■Package specification
Package composition
Pad
(2 sheeets/case: top and bottom)
Tray put products
(10-tray/case)
Product
Pad
(10 sheeets/case)
Tray
(Fig.2)
Packing case
Craft tape
(Fig.1)
(Fig.3)
Model No.
Quantity
Date
Packaging method
1.Put products of 100pcs. in tray. packing method is showed in the above fig.(Fig.1)
2.Put them(10-tray) in the packing box. Put pads on their top and bottom.
And put pads on each trays(Total 10 sheets) (Fig.2).
3.Seal the packing box with craft tape.
Print the model No.,quantity,inspection date (1000 pcs./a packing box)(Fig.3).
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
8
GP2Y0D21YK0F
■Important Notices
· The circuit application examples in this publication are
provided to explain representative applications of
SHARP devices and are not intended to guarantee any circuit
design or license any intellectual property rights. SHARP
takes no responsibility for any problems related to any
intellectual property right of a third party resulting from the use
of SHARP's devices.
with equipment that requires higher reliability such as:
--- Transportation control and safety equipment (i.e.,
aircraft, trains, automobiles, etc.)
--- Traffic signals
--- Gas leakage sensor breakers
--- Alarm equipment
--- Various safety devices, etc.
(iii) SHARP devices shall not be used for or in
connection with equipment that requires an extremely high
level of reliability and safety such as:
--- Space applications
--- Telecommunication equipment [trunk lines]
--- Nuclear power control equipment
--- Medical and other life support equipment (e.g.,
scuba).
· Contact SHARP in order to obtain the latest device specification sheets before using any SHARP device. SHARP
reserves the right to make changes in the specifications,
characteristics, data, materials, structure, and other
contents described herein at any time without notice in
order to improve design or reliability. Manufacturing
locations are also subject to change without notice.
· Observe the following points when using any devices in this
publication. SHARP takes no responsibility for damage
caused by improper use of the devices which does not meet the
conditions and absolute maximum ratings to be used specified
in the relevant specification sheet nor meet the following conditions:
(i) The devices in this publication are designed for use in
general electronic equipment designs such as:
--- Personal computers
--- Office automation equipment
--- Telecommunication equipment [terminal]
--- Test and measurement equipment
--- Industrial control
--- Audio visual equipment
--- Consumer electronics
(ii) Measures such as fail-safe function and redundant design
should be taken to ensure reliability and safety when SHARP
devices are used for or in connection
· If the SHARP devices listed in this publication fall
within the scope of strategic products described in the
Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law of Japan, it is
necessary to obtain approval to export such SHARP devices.
· This publication is the proprietary product of SHARP and
is copyrighted, with all rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, in whole or in
part, without the express written permission of SHARP.
Express written permission is also required before any use
of this publication may be made by a third party.
· Contact and consult with a SHARP representative if there
are any questions about the contents of this publication.
Sheet No.: E4-A00601EN
9
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