EFP1 Single Zone Fire Alarm Control Panel
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
PLEASE READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE
INSTALLING AND/OR MAINTAINING THIS EQUIPMENT
These instructions are general and cannot be considered to cover every aspect of fire alarm installation.
We recommend you read BS 5839: Pt 1: 1988 "Fire Detection and Alarm Systems for Buildings" (available
at your local reference library or from the BSI).
No responsibility can be accepted by the manufacturers or distributors of this range of fire panels for any
misinterpretation of an instruction or guidance note or for the compliance of the system as a whole.
Contact the Fire Officer concerned with the property at an early stage in case he has any special
requirements. We strongly recommend that a suitably qualified and competent person is consulted in
connection with the design of the Fire Alarm system.
The manufacturers policy is one of continuous improvement and we reserve the right to make changes
to product specifications at our discretion and without prior notice. E&OE.
IMPORTANT NOTES
1.
This equipment must only be installed and maintained by a suitably skilled or technically
competent person.
2. This equipment is a piece of class 1 equipment and MUST BE EARTHED.
3. To meet the requirements of BS 5839 Part 1 1988 Amendment N° 1 (Effective Jan. 1991) "Fire Detection
and Alarm Systems for Buildings", manual call points must still operate when any detector(s) are
removed from their bases. This must be done whether or not the detectors have locking or shorting
devices. To comply, either the manual call points must be wired before the detectors, or detector bases
with diodes fitted must be used to ensure continuity when detectors and call points are installed in mixed
order. If diodes are incorporated then the EFP1 will not show a fault when a detector is removed unless
an EMU (Electronic Monitoring Unit - BF378) or MINIMU (Miniature Electronic Monitoring Unit BF378M) is substituted for the End of Line Resistor (see page 3).
4. If you connect the battery leads in reverse you will blow the battery fuse and you RISK DAMAGING
THE PANEL. The fault is factory detectable and you WILL BE CHARGED FOR THE REPAIR.
5.
If the Battery/Power Supply fault light comes on whilst the Green Mains On light is lit then it
usually means that the battery is either discharged or faulty (see page 8 inside for details).
Important Notes
Page 1
Testing The Panel
Page 5
Guide to System Design
Page 2
Ancillary Facilities
Page 7
Installation - First Fix
Page 3
Troubleshooting
Page 8
Installation - Second Fix
Page 4
Panel Specification
Page 9
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 1
■ GUIDE TO FIRE ALARM SYSTEM DESIGN
CONTROL PANEL
The fire panel must be sited internally, in an area
where it is readily accessible by staff on duty and the
fire brigade. The area should be clean and dry and
you should take into account any likelihood of
tampering or vandalism. The ambient light and
sound levels should allow the status of the indicators
to be clearly seen and the internal sounder to be
heard. Full details can be found in BS 5839: Pt1: 1988:
Section 15.3 "Fire Detection and Alarm Systems for
Buildings".
any other form of switch used to trigger the detector
circuits.
N.B. It is possible to disable the short circuit = fault
condition for each zone so that a short circuit will
cause a fire condition (see page 7 for further details).
FIGURE 1
Call point resistor
Loop
In/out
Call point resistor
NC
C
SOUNDERS
ALL SOUNDERS MUST BE POLARISED.
UNPOLARISED SOUNDERS WILL SHOW A
SOUNDER FAULT.
The most common sounders are bells and electronic
sounders. Motorised sirens MUST NOT be used on these
panels . The same type of sounder must be used
throughout the building and it must be distinctive so
that the sound associated with a fire alarm is easily
recognised.
The minimum sound level is 65 dB or 5 dB above any
background noise likely to persist for longer than 30
seconds. The fire alarm must be audible in every part
of the building. For sleeping accommodation the
sound level should be 75 dB at the bedhead if sleeping people with normal hearing are to be wakened.
Two sounder circuits are provided. Sounders should
be wired in approximately equal numbers on each
circuit.
One sounder should be adjacent or near to the
control panel.
MANUAL CALL POINTS
Manual Call Points should be sited on all exit routes
especially on landings and staircases and by final exit
doors, with a maximum distance from any place in
the building to a Call Point of 30 metres, (less distance in high risk areas). They should ideally be sited
1.4 metres above the floor and in a conspicuous and
easily reached position. Any number of call points
can be connected on each zone.
Important. Many call points are now supplied with a
resistor already fitted. This can be determined by
measuring with a good quality Ohmmeter. The call
point should normally measure open circuit, and
between 470 and 680 ohms when activated. If the
call points are not of this type then a series resistor
must be connected in series with the call point in
order to ensure that an alarm condition will occur.
See figure 1 for fitting diagram.
Note: Resistors are not included with the panel
instruction pack but are available from electronic
component suppliers. Failure to include this resistor
will cause the panel to show a short circuit fault
when the call point is operated. This also applies to
NC
C
Call point
switch
NO
NO
Loop
In/out
Normal Position
Activated Position
SMOKE AND HEAT DETECTORS
See page 9 for maximum amount.
Smoke Detectors: There are two types of smoke
detector, Ionisation and Optical. Ionisation are
generally quickest at detecting a clean burning fire.
Optical are quickest at detecting smouldering fires.
Neither one is better than the other in all circumstances. Some Fire Authorities will only allow one
kind and you should check with the Fire Officer. Do
not site smoke detectors in draughts. Siting of the
detectors depends on many factors and BS5839: Pt1:
1988 "Fire Detection and Alarm Systems for Buildings" should be consulted for full details of spacing,
etc.
Dirt, dust, smoke, steam, water vapour and condensation will affect the detectors, causing false alarms
and the need for frequent cleaning. Under these
conditions, the use of heat detectors should be
considered (see below). If in doubt, consult the Fire
Officer.
Note: Building work causes adverse conditions. If
possible, remove all detectors from site until work is
completed to avoid contamination.
Heat Detectors: These are used in places where
smoke detectors are not practical, such as kitchens
and boiler rooms. There are two kinds, Fixed Temperature and Rate of Rise. Fixed Temperature Heat
Detectors are used where sudden rises in temperature which would cause alarms are common, such as
in kitchens. Rate of Rise Heat Detectors are used
elsewhere as they generally respond faster than Fixed
Temperature Detectors.
BATTERIES
For the emergency stand-by power supply, two good
quality 12V sealed lead acid batteries (connected in
series) should be used. They should be of a type that
have at least four years life under normal conditions.
Consult BS5839: Pt1: 1988 "Fire Detection and Alarm
Systems for Buildings".
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 2
The capacity of the batteries used will depend on the
required stand-by time (See 'Panel Specification',
page 9, for stand-by times). Note that the number of
sounders, detectors and other loads supplied from
the panel also alter the stand-by time of the batteries.
NOTES ON THE OVERALL DESIGN
For battery connection details, see 'Installation Second Fix', page 5. Always dispose of used batteries
according to the battery manufacturers instructions.
The Fire Officer has the right to refuse to grant a fire
certificate until he is satisfied.
If you are suitably qualified decide on the position of
all parts and mark the plans accordingly. Get the Fire
Officer to check the plans to ensure compliance with
any special requirements he may have.
Note: To fully comply with BS5839 Part 1 Manual
Call points must still operate when any of the Detectors are removed. This can be accommodated by
wiring Call Points first or by using detector bases
with continuity diodes fitted and substituting an
Electronic Monitoring Unit (BF378 or BF378M) for
the detector circuit End of Line Resistor.
Important: The EFP1 features a sophisticated battery
monitoring circuit which, instead of monitoring the
current being passed through the batteries, actually
detects their condition. Consequently, a discharged
battery or one with deteriorating cells will show a
BATTERY/POWER SUPPLY FAULT. Test with brand
new, fully charged batteries.
Note: Some manufacturers supply bases with integral continuity diodes (see page 9 for type and
quantity).
CABLE TYPES
Sounders must be wired in cable complying with, for
example, BS6207 (MICC or ‘pyro’). Detectors may be
wired in cable complying with, for example, BS6004 (PVC)
or BS6207. Ensure you comply with BS5839 Pt1: 1988 "Fire
Detection and Alarm Systems for Buildings" regarding siting, installation and choice of cables.
When planning cable runs note that the panel has
provision for terminating two sounder circuits. It is
not possible to terminate more than two circuits at
the panel and have correct monitoring of the wiring
(refer to figure 2 below).
■ INSTALLATION - FIRST & SECOND FIXES
test voltage will destroy all of these devices totally.
Install the cables and fit call point back boxes and
detector bases where possible. N.B. If continuity diodes
are to be used in detector bases, mark incoming and
outgoing cables to aid correct connection. Cables should
be tested using a good quality multimeter.
If fitted, smoke detector bases must be ‘linked out’ to
check wiring continuity.
Do not leave any part of the fire alarm system where
it may become dusty or damp (due to any building
work such as plastering, painting, carpet fitting,etc)
as this will result in possible malfunctions, including
false alarms.
Do not use an insulation tester (Megger) with any
detectors, sounders, continuity diodes or control
equipment of any kind connected as the 500 volt
FIGURE 2 : Typical wiring arrangements for detector and sounder circuits.
CALL POINT
DETECTOR
CPR
CPR
+
NEVER SPUR LOOP THEN NOT
MONITORED
EOLR = End of Line Resistor (6800Ω)
CPR = Call Point Resistor
(470-680Ω - Usually supplied with call point)
TYPICAL SOUNDER CIRCUIT
Note - Sounders must be polarised
SOUNDER TERMINALS
DETECTOR
+
DO NOT SPUR
+
EOLR= end of line resistor (6k8Ω)
SOUNDERS
78+
+
CPR
CPR
-
+
ELECTRO
56+
PANEL ZONE
TERMINALS
CALL POINT
-
+
*THREE WIRE SYSTEM Combined detector and sounder loops using commomn negative conductor,
including mixed order detector bases and call points
DETECTOR
DETECTOR
CALL POINT
CALL POINT
+
BF378 or
BF378M
CPR
+
-
PANEL ZONE
TERMINALS
PANEL ZONE
TERMINALS
ZONE LOOP CIRCUIT - With mixed order call points and detectors
(Detector bases fitted with continuity diodes, and negative conection
linked out)
DETECTOR
DETECTOR
CALL POINT
+
+
+
+
Do not make off more than
2 circuits in the panel
PANEL
SOUNDER
TERMINALS
PANEL ZONE
TERMINALS
TYPICAL ZONE LOOP CIRCUIT
Call points wired before detectors - detector base diodes not needed
6or 8 +
5or 7 -
*IMPORTANT Some cautionary points about the three wire system illustrated.
i. This configuration is used to utilise existing wiring when refurbishing an existing system. New installations are not usually planned in this way.
ii. The system must be connected so that if any head is removed then all the sounders will still operate.
iii. Since the common wire carries all the current for the sounders and the detectors it should be of low impedance and connected to the sounder circuit negative
Check that when any detector is triggered that it will not be inadvertantly reset by the sounder current in an alarm condition.
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 3
■ INSTALLATION - FIRST & SECOND FIXES
Take the control panel out of its box and undo the
two screws at the top using the key provided in the
accessory pack.
All external wiring brought into the panel should be
adequately insulated with PVC, PTFE, Neoprene or
other fire resistant /retardent material.
Hinge the lid down 90° and remove the earth connection. Locate the connector plug (PL1) on the main
printed circuit board. Grasp the wires to the plug
firmly and pull the connector off the board. Gently
spring the lid over the two hinge bosses and lift the
front panel off.
DO NOT connect the detector wiring into the terminal block in the panel until you have tested the panel
(see page 5). With all power removed from the
panel, fit the sounders, call points, and detectors.
Before fitting the last devices on the sounder and
detector circuits remove the End of Line Resistors
from the terminal blocks and fit across the last device
on each circuit.
The front panel may be removed from site until work
is completed, if it is likely to get damaged.
Fix the base of the fire panel securely to the wall
using the mounting holes provided (see 'A', figure 3).
The mounting holes are suitable for use with No. 8
round head or countersunk woodscrews. Assess the
condition and construction of the wall and use a
suitable screw fixing. Any dust created during the
fixing process must be kept out of the fire panel, and
great care must be taken not to damage any wiring or
components.
If continuity diodes are to be used in detector bases then
they must be fitted and wired in the correct orientation
as shown in the Detector base details (see Figure 4).
FIGURE 4
Diode only passes current when this
end more positive than the other
Electrical Symbol
All mains wiring should be provided in accordance
with the current edition of the IEE Wiring Regs, 16th.
Ed. (BS 7671, 1993) or in accordance with the relevant
national wiring rules.
The general requirement for the mains supply to this
equipment is fixed wiring, using three core cable, not
less than 0.75mm2 or a suitable three conductor
system, fed from an isolating switch fuse spur, fused
at 3A. This should be marked "FIRE ALARM: DO
NOT SWITCH OFF" and should be secure from
unauthorised operation.
The mains connection is made inside the fire panel to
the fused mains terminal block only. Connection
must not be made to the mains supply using a plug
and socket. The mains supply should be exclusive to
the fire panel. (Full details can be found in BS5839:
Pt1: 1988 section 15.3. "Fire Detection and Alarm
Systems for Buildings").
The wiring of the panel should be carefully planned
before starting the job. Always ensure that if a
knockout is removed, that the hole is filled with a
good quality cable gland. Plan and route all of the
wiring as indicated in Figure 3 by the dotted lines.
+
-
Light coloured band
Actual part
Diode Detail
Continuity Diode
(Shorted out when head in place)
+IN
+OUT
To next Detector,
Call Point, and through
to End of line Device
-OUT
-IN
Link or common
connection
Detector Base Detail
(with head in place)
Continuity Diode
(Passes current when head removed)
+IN
+OUT
-IN
-OUT
FIGURE 3
B
B
B
B
Detector Base Detail
(with head removed)
A
B
B
B
A
B
A
B
B
A = mounting holes, B = knock-outs
The diode must be connected so that it is shorted out by
the internal connections of the head when the head is in
place, and provide a path for the current in the loop
when the head is removed. Incorrect fitting will not
cause damage but will cause malfunctions of the
system. (See troubleshooting guide on page 8). The End
of Line Resistor must be replaced by an Electronic
Monitoring Unit (BF378 or BF378M) and its associated
Panel Module. See BF378 or BF378M instructions and
wiring arrangements on page 3 (figure 2).
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 4
Make off the detector and sounder circuits at the
panel terminal block. When you are sure all connections are firm with no insulation trapped and no bare
wires, replace the front of the panel and re-attach the
relevant loom connectors.
FIGURE 5 : Battery Connection
Use the shorting link in
the accessory pack
+
Make sure that the earth wire is connected back up.
–
12V battery
12V battery
Connect the batteries in series using the link wire
provided as shown in Figure 5. Always be sure of
the connections before you make them as incorrect
connection will blow the battery fuse (F3) and MAY
DAMAGE THE PANEL.
RED
WIRE
BLACK
WIRE
Postion the batteries in the panel as shown in Figure
6 (right).
Always dispose of used batteries according to the
battery manufacturers instructions.
Connections to
the fire panel
RED
WIRE
+
12V battery
–
–
BLACK
WIRE
12V battery
+
Next, power the system up by connecting the batteries. To determine the type and size of batteries
required, refer to pages 2 and 9.
+
–
FIGURE 6
Once the batteries are connected, close up the panel
(be careful not to trap any wires), fit the two lid
screws and energize the mains supply. The panel
should now be in the Normal mode. If not see troubleshooting guide page 8. Now test the system is
fully operational ( See 'Testing The Panel', below).
If the number of zones of the panel is to be increased,
refer to the leaflet supplied with the relevant zone kit
for installation instructions.
space for batteries
■ TESTING THE PANEL
THE PANEL CAN BE TESTED BEFORE CONNECTING UP
When testing or maintaining the panel with the
panel lid open, always - where possible - isolate the
mains and disconnect the batteries.
If testing before installation make sure the End of
Line resistors are fitted in the sounder and detector
terminals. Do not connect any wires except the
mains feed.
Clip on the panel front and plug the wiring loom onto
the circuit board connector (PL1). The red wire in the
loom goes to the right hand side as marked on the
circuit board.
Put two 12 Volt batteries of suitable capacity in the
bottom of the box and connect as illustrated in
figures 5 and 6 (above). Information on battery type
and capacity can be found on pages 2 and 9.
When the batteries are connected, the MAINS/
BATTERY FAULT light will light and the WARNING
BEEPER will sound. Incorrect connection will blow
the battery fuse (F3) and MAY DAMAGE THE PANEL
Connect the mains wiring and turn the mains supply
on. The MAINS ON light will light, the MAINS/
BATTERY FAULT light will go out and the WARNING BEEPER will silence, providing the batteries are
not flat.
WITH THE KEYSWITCH AT NORMAL
The MAINS ON light is lit. No other lights are lit.
No sounders are sounding. The push buttons are
inoperative.
TURN THE KEYSWITCH TO ARM CONTROLS
Note: None of the controls will be operative unless the
keyswitch is in the ARM CONTROLS position. This
allows the push buttons to be used by an authorised
person but does not otherwise affect the panel.
Press RESET. The Zone Fault and internal Open
Circuit Fault Lamps will light, and the WARNING
BEEPER will sound. The green Mains On led will
remain lit.
All the other lights will NOT light. Release the
button and the panel will return to normal.
TEST THE POWER SUPPLY MONITORING CIRCUIT
Switch off the Mains. The BATTERY/POWER
SUPPLY FAULT lamp will light, the MAINS ON
light will extinguish, and the WARNING BEEPER
will sound.
Press SILENCE ALARM/FAULT SOUNDERS and
the WARNING BEEPER will silence but the MAINS/
BATTERY FAULT light will remain lit.
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 5
Reconnect the mains and after a short time the panel
will revert to normal.
Disconnect the Battery. After a short time the
MAINS/BATTERY FAULT light will light and the
WARNING BEEPER will sound.
Reconnect the battery and after a short time the panel
will revert to normal (i.e. only the green MAINS
lights on).
Note: This test should be carried out with a set of new
and fully charged batteries – deteriorated cells will
show a fault even when connected and charged up.
TEST THE SOUNDER MONITORING CIRCUIT(S)
DO NOT carry out this test with the red FIRE lights
lit as sounder fuse(s) could blow (F1, F2). Make the
End of Line Resistor is connected across each of the
sounder circuits on terminals (1 & 2, 3 & 4).
Short the sounder terminals 1 & 2 and keep them
shorted. The SOUNDER FAULT light will light and
the WARNING BEEPER will sound.
Press SILENCE ALARM /FAULT SOUNDERS and
the WARNING BEEPER will silence but the
SOUNDER FAULT light will stay on.
Remove the short and the panel will revert to normal.
Open circuit the sounder terminals 3 & 4 by disconnecting one leg of the end of line resistor. The
SOUNDER FAULT light will light and the WARNING
BEEPER will sound. Press SILENCE ALARM/FAULT
SOUNDERS and the WARNING BEEPER will silence
but the SOUNDER FAULT light will stay on.
Remake the circuit and the panel will revert to normal.
TEST THE DETECTOR MONITORING CIRCUITS
Make sure a small End of Line Device (EOLD) is connected across the Detector Zone terminals (5 & 6). The
EOLD would either be a Resistor or Electronic Monitoring Unit (EMU) and associated Panel Module depending on the installation. Refer to wiring arrangements
(Page 3) & EMU instructions for connections.
Four conditions can exist on the detector circuit.
1. Normal condition: Current flows round the detector
loop via the EOLD to monitor the wiring. Detectors and
call points are connected in parallel across the line.
2. Open Circuit Fault: The wiring is broken at some
point and the monitoring current cannot flow
through the EOLD.
3. Short Circuit Fault: A short circuit exists at some
point and too much monitoring current flows.
4. Fire condition: A partial short exists and the
monitoring current increases but not enough to show
a short circuit fault. Most smoke detectors make a
partial short when they are triggered but manual call
points and other normally open switches need to
have 470 or 680 ohm resistors connected in series in
order to give a partial short.
(Check - Resistor may be built into the Call Point see page 2).
OPEN CIRCUIT FAULT TEST
Open circuit the Zone detector terminals (5 & 6) by
disconnecting one wire of the EOLD. The ZONE Fault
lamp and internal Open Circuit Fault will light. The
Warning Beeper will also sound. Press SILENCE
ALARM /FAULT SOUNDERS and the WARNING
BEEPER will silence, the lights will stay on. Reconnect
the EOLD and the panel will revert to normal.
SHORT CIRCUIT FAULT TEST
Short circuit the detector terminals (5 & 6) and keep
them shorted. The ZONE FAULT lamp and Internal
Short Circuit Fault lamp will light. The Warning
Beeper will also sound. Press SILENCE ALARM /
FAULT SOUNDERS and the WARNING BEEPER
will silence but the lights will stay on. Remove the
short and the panel will revert to normal.
FIRE CONDITION
Simulate a Fire condition by connecting and activating a Manual Call point or by fitting a 470 ohm
resistor across terminals 5 & 6. The Sounder outputs
will be energised. The ZONE FIRE lamp will light
and the WARNING BEEPER will sound – the panel
has been triggered and gone into alarm.
Press SILENCE ALARM /FAULT SOUNDERS. The
Sounder outputs will return to normal but the ZONE
FIRE lamp will still be lit and the WARNING
BEEPER will still sound.
Press RESET and the panel will go back into alarm as
the Fire condition is still present.
Remove the Fire condition from the detector loop.
Press SILENCE ALARM /FAULT SOUNDERS then
RESET and the panel will revert to normal.
Note
1) Pressing RESET when in the unsilenced Fire
condition (i.e. Sounder Outputs energised) has no
effect. (The sounders MUST be Silenced first before
Reset is active).
2) When the Alarm Sounders are silenced, the WARNING BEEPER will sound and cannot be silenced.
3) Resetting the system from the Silenced Fire state
with the fire condition still existing (Call Point or
Detector still triggered) will retrigger the alarm.
EVACUATE
Press EVACUATE. The Sounder Outputs will be
energised.
The ZONE FIRE lamp will light and the WARNING
BEEPER will sound. Press SILENCE ALARM /
FAULT SOUNDERS, and the Sounder Outputs will
return to the normal state. The ZONE FIRE light will
still be lit and the WARNING BEEPER will still be
active.
Press RESET to return the panel to normal state.
If you wish these tests can be carried out with a
sounder and smoke detector and a call point from
each circuit connected into each pair of terminals and
the end of line resistors fitted to them.
TESTING THE SYSTEM
Check each detector and sounder on the system, and
check the functions of the panel. Check all circuits for
open and short circuit faults. If continuity diodes are
fitted remove each head in turn and check that call
points are still operative. When testing is complete
return the keyswitch to Normal.
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 6
■ ANCILLARY FACILITIES (SEE FIGURE 7 FOR LINK POSITIONS)
TO REVERT TO SHORT CIRCUIT = FIRE
■ AUXILIARY FIRE OUTPUT
This facility overrides the short circuit fault monitoring sensing and allows the panel to be used on older
installations which do not have 470 ohm Call Point
Resistors fitted and produce a short circuit Fire
condition when activated.
PL2 - Pin3 - This output is normally open circuit. In
any Fire condition this output is driven to 24v, then
being able to supply an external load. When the
panel is Reset then it returns to the Normal state.
(See notes on use below)
To enable this facility cut the wire link on the circuit
board. The link and other internal features are shown
below:
■ 24V SUPPLY
PL1
Sounder
Circuit
Fuses
Battery Fuse
F3
PL2
PL3
F1
F2
Aux Outputs
Connector
Cut this link for short
circuit = fire condition
Keyswitch
Connector
■ 0V AVAILABLE FROM SOUNDER - TERMINALS 3 OR 5
Supply for use with Auxiliary Fire and Fault Outputs
Main connector
DO NOT ADJUST
PL2 - Pin4 - Supply for use with class change input.
Internal Detector
Circuit Fault Lights
AUXILIARY EXPANSION PLUG
The EFP1 provides Auxiliary Expansion Input and
Outputs to interface with external equipment.
APPLICATIONS FOR AUXILIARY INPUTS AND OUTPUTS
The outputs are typically used to drive indicators or
relays external to the panel. The outputs are not
intended to drive loads directly and any load
connected must not exceed the Auxiliary output
current capability (see page 9).
If relays are switching mains potentials then the load
must be suitably isolated from the Fire Panel drive
circuits. Examples of uses are the control of ventilation systems, gas valves, door release systems etc .
The External Sounder Activate may be used to
interface to other panels or may be controlled by a
time switch to give a momentary warning of a timed
event via the alarm sounders throughout a building
e.g. "Class Change" facility used in educational
establishments - check with the Fire officer that this is
permissible.
A Fire output and a Fault output are also provided.
Auxiliary load current that is derived from the panel
will affect the stand-by time of the system. The worst
case being that of the Fault relay which will be
energised for the whole time the mains supply has
failed.
Connections are made via the Ancillary Connections.
A typical circuit arrangement is shown below:
A "Class change" input is provided that will activate
the alarm sounder outputs from an external command.
The connections are then transferred to PL2 on the
main PCB by FF380X Expansion Loom (not included)
"Class Change" Contacts
Fire Relay
■ AUXILIARY FAULT OUTPUT
PL2 - Pin1 - This output is normally open circuit. In
any Fault condition this output is driven to 24v, then
being able to supply an external load. When all
Faults are cleared then it returns to the Normal state.
(See notes on use below)
■ EXTERNAL SOUNDER ACTIVATE ("CLASS CHANGE")
PL2 - Pin2 - This normally open input when
conected to 24v (available from Pin 4 of PL2) will
activate the Alarm Sounder circuits. When the signal
is removed the sounders are reset. No panel indication is given during the sounder activation.
(See notes on use in next column)
Fault Relay
The Ancillary Connections are as follows:
Green Blue
Red Black
+24v
Fault
Fire
Ext. Alarm
Sounder activate
CONNECTIONS TO PL2 ON PCB
VIA EXPANSION LOOM FF380X
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 7
■ TROUBLESHOOTING
ISOLATE THE MAINS WHILST THE LID IS OPEN.
PERMANENT MAINS / BATTERY FAULT
1. Check the MAINS ON light is lit. If not, check the
mains supply and fuse (adjacent the transformer).
2. Check the battery supply (RED lead to +Ve terminal, BLACK lead to -Ve terminal). If the battery leads
have been connected the wrong way round the
battery fuse (F3) will blow, however a permanent
power fault may have been caused and CANNOT be
reset. The fault is factory detectable and is not covered by the warranty. Consult your dealer.
3. Check two 12 Volt batteries of the relevant size are
connected in series.
4. Check the wiring loom is pushed on properly to PL1.
5. Check the transformer leads are pushed on to the
tags on the transformer properly.
6. If the MAINS ON & BATTERY/POWER SUPPLY
FAULT lights are still lit, the batteries are either very
discharged or have failed - try a new pair, even new
batteries can fail.
If the batteries are completely discharged or if they
are inferior but still working, the battery fault circuit
will still show a fault – check this using new batteries. Please note that a fully charged 24 Volt battery
(i.e. 2 x 12v in series) will measure 26 to 28 Volts. If it
measures less than 25 Volts it is almost completely
flat, less than 21 Volts it is either totally exhausted or
may have a faulty cell.
A battery measuring less than 21 Volts that has been
charged from the panel for more than 10 minutes is
unlikely to recharge properly and should be replaced. The battery monitoring circuit will show a
BATTERY/POWER SUPPLY FAULT, which, if it
does not cease, means that the batteries are faulty.
If good but completely discharged cells are used the
MAINS/BATTERY FAULT light may stay on for several
minutes until the battery obtains sufficient charge.
MANUAL CALL POINTS AND NORMALLY OPEN SWITCHES
CAUSE A SHORT CIRCUIT FAULT WHEN TRIGGERED.
A call point resistor has not been fitted in series at
each call point or switch. A resistor MUST be fitted as
the British Standard requires short circuit monitoring
facility from 1st January 1990.
MANUAL CALL POINTS, HEAT DETECTORS, OR SMOKE
DETECTORS TRIGGER, BUT DON’T CAUSE A FIRE CONDITION.
Either the wrong value call point resistor has been
fitted in series at the call point or detector or a resistor is already fitted inside . If you have fitted a
resistor try shorting it out and re-testing the device.
Check the panel is OK, by removing the detector
wiring and then re-inserting the End of Line Resistor into the terminals to give a normal condition.
Then simulate a fire condition on the zone with a 470
to 680 Ohm resistor. If the zone goes into fire the
device under test may be out of specification.
RESET BUTTON DOESN'T RESET THE
PANEL FROM FIRE CONDITION
Press SILENCE first.
IF ANY FAULT CONDITION PERSISTS
PLEASE CONSULT YOUR DEALER
RESET BUTTON STILL DOESN'T RESET THE PANEL
(PERMANENT FIRE CONDITION)
Either a call point is triggered in which case replace
the glass or if an older bi- metal heat detector has
triggered, wait for it to cool down and reset itself.
Alternatively a smoke detector may be faulty and will
not unlatch, in which case the LED on the detector may
not be lit, or a call point may have failed in the triggered state. If you suspect a faulty device then you can
only find it by following logical tests. Start by removing the wiring at the panel and refitting the End of Line
Device (EOLD) to prove the panel is OK. Reconnect the
wiring and replace the EOLD on the last device. Then
starting at the end of the line, remove each detector in
turn, then press Silence then Reset. When you reach the
faulty device the panel will remain reset.
PERMANENT ZONE FAULT
Disconnect the zone completely and refit the End of
Line Device (EOLD) at the panel. If the fault condition clears then there is a wiring fault. Double check
and refit the wiring and EOLD on the zone and trace
the fault with consideration for the type of fault
indicated by the internal Fault leds (LD1, 2).
A common fault is a detector badly seated in a base,
which has not properly made connection. This will
show as an open circuit Fault.
If an Electronic Monitoring Unit (BF378 or BF378M) is
fitted check that the Panel module is fitted correctly
(Red wire = +Ve, Black = -Ve), and that only the EMU
is fitted at the end of the detector loop. An End of Line
Resistor is not required when an EMU is fitted.
N.B. When the EMU detects that a head has been
removed (i.e. there is a diode in circuit) then it reduces
the loop monitoring current. In this state the panel will
then indicate an open circuit fault condition.
MANUAL CALL POINTS NOT OPERATIONAL WHEN HEADS REMOVED
Check that the diodes are fitted correctly in the detector
bases and / or the bases have not been miswired. If so
there will be no continuity past the removed detector.
Refit the diode or remake the wiring. Note that the
heads must be wired so that only the positive connection is broken when the head is removed and that the
negative connection remains made. See wiring arrangements for Detector Bases (Page 3) and Electronic Monitoring Unit (BF378 or BF378M) instructions.
PERMANENT SOUNDER FAULT
Check the Sounder fuses (F1, 2) on the pcb have not
blown and replace if necessary. If either fuse is
blown a sounder fault will show. Check the correct
End of Line Resistors have been fitted. Disconnect
the relevant zone from the terminal block and refit
the end of line resistor only. If the fault condition
clears there is a wiring fault. Note that the sounders
must be polarised.
BUTTONS DON'T WORK
Turn the keyswitch to ARM controls and press SILENCE
ALARM/FAULT SOUNDERS and then RESET. If the fault
persists, check the loom assembly from the keyswitch is
seated correctly on pcb plug (PL3).
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 8
EFP-1 panel specifications
CONTROLS
EXTERNAL (KEYSWITCH OPERATED)
■ Reset.
■ Silence Alarm / Fault Sounders.
■ Evacuate.
INTERNAL
■ Revert to pre 1980 BS. (No resistors in call points).
EXTERNAL INDICATORS
■ Mains On. ■ Zone Fire.
■ Zone Fault. ■ Sounder Fault.
■ Battery / Power Supply Fault.
INTERNAL INDICATORS
■ Open circuit zone fault.
■ Short circuit zone fault.
OUTPUTS
■ 2 sounder circuits (Alarm relay contacts can be obtained
by connecting an RLP-24 relay to a sounder circuit).
■ Latching Auxiliary Fire Output - 24VDC 30 mA max,
drives one RLP-24 relay to control door holding magnets.
■ Auxiliary Fault Output - 24VDC 30 mA max (drives one
RLP-24 relay).
EFP-1 (400mA SUPPLY)
POWER SPECIFICATION
MAINS SUPPLY VOLTAGE
INTERNAL POWER SUPPLY
TOTAL OUTPUT CURRENT LIMITED TO
AUXILIARY POWER OUTPUT
MAINS SUPPLY MONITORED FOR FAILURE
BATTERY CHARGER MONITORED FOR FAILURE
BATTERIES MONITORED FOR DISCONNECTION AND FAILURE
DETECTOR CIRCUIT SPECIFICATION
NUMBER OF CIRCUITS
LINE FAULT MONITORED FOR OPEN CIRCUIT
LINE FAULT MONITORED FOR SHORT CIRCUIT
LINE FAULT MONITORED FOR DETECTOR REMOVAL
END OF LINE DEVICE
DETECTOR CONTINUITY DIODES
CALL POINT RESISTOR VALUE
MAXIMUM NUMBER OF SMOKE/HEAT DETECTORS PER ZONE
MAXIMUM NUMBER OF MANUAL CALL POINTS PER ZONE
SOUNDER CIRCUIT SPECIFICATION
NUMBER OF CIRCUITS
END OF LINE RESISTOR VALUE
LINE FAULT MONITORED FOR OPEN CIRCUIT
LINE FAULT MONITORED FOR SHORT CIRCUIT
OUTPUTS FUSED AT
MAXIMUM TOTAL OUTPUT CURRENT ALL OUTPUTS
MAXIMUM NO OF BELLS @ 25 mA
MAXIMUM NO OF ELECTRONIC SOUNDERS @ 20 mA
FUSES - ALL FUSES COMPLIANT TO IEC (EN60127 PT2)
MAINS TERMINAL BLOCK
SOUNDER OUTPUTS (F1, F2)
BATTERY FUSE (F3)
AUXILIARY FIRE AND FAULT OUTPUTS
OUTPUT TYPE
MAX SOURCE CURRENT
DOOR RETAINING MAGNETS
CONNECTION BLOCK
LARGEST ACCEPTABLE CONDUCTOR SIZE
SMALLEST ACCEPTABLE CONDUCTOR SIZE
DIMENSIONS
ENCLOSURE (WIDTH x HEIGHT x DEPTH)
BATTERY VOLUME DIMENSIONS (WIDTH x HEIGHT x DEPTH)
WEIGHT (WITHOUT BATTERIES)
230V a.c. ± 10% 50/60 Hz
27V d.c. Nominal
400 mA @ 240 V a.c.
27 V d.c. Nominal
YES
YES
YES
1
YES
YES (Can be disabled)
Yes, if End of Line Monitor Unit fitted in place of End of Line Resistor
6800 Ω, 5% Tolerance, 0.25W (Colour code - Blue, grey, red, gold)
Silicon 1N4001 or Schottky type (required if End of Line Monitor Unit fitted to give Detector Removal Fault)
470 to 680 ohm, 0.25 or 0.5Watt
20 (based on a total detector current of 2mA, each detector consuming 100µA). Note: If end of line
monitoring unit is fitted, for correct operation maximum voltage drop must not exceed 12 volts.
No limit
2
6800 Ω, 5% Tolerance, 0.25W (Colour code - Blue, grey, red, gold)
YES
YES
400 mA
400 mA
16
These quantities are examples only. Divide 400 by the consumption
of each sounder/bell in mA to calculate the maximum number.
20
}
125mA T 20mm
400mA F 20mm
1.0 Amp F 20mm
}
Important: Exceeding the fuse ratings may render the equipment unsafe
and damage the output of this equipment. This damage is factory
detectable and is not covered under warranty.
Intended to drive external 24V relays
30mA (Relay resistance must be greater than 800Ω and relay must have “back EMF” diode fitted).
Use an RLP-24 relay driven from the Latching Fire Output.
DO NOT USE PANEL POWER SUPPLY AS YOU WILL DRASTICALLY REDUCE BATTERY STAND-BY TIME
2.5 mm2
0.75 mm2
271 x 200 x 70mm
170 x 70 x 65mm (Will accept typical 1.2 or 2.0Ahr Sealed lead acid batteries)
2.3Kg
QUIESCENT CURRENT / BATTERY STAND-BY TIME (HRS)
QUIESCENT CURRENT
STAND-BY TIME WITH 1.2 AHR BATTERIES
STAND-BY TIME WITH 2.0 AHR BATTERIES
40mA FAULT BEEPER ACTIVE
25MA FAULT BEEPER MUTED
30 HRS (FAULT BEEPER ACTIVE)
48 HRS (FAULT BEEPER MUTED)
50 HRS (FAULT BEEPER ACTIIVE)
80 HRS (FAULT BEEPER MUTED)
The quiescent current given is for the following conditions - mains
supply failed, detector and sounder end of line resistors fitted, no other
loads supplied by panel. The battery stand-by times are guidelines
only based on the above conditions. Additional loads that increase the
quiescent current in the normal state and sounder loads must be
considered when calculating stand-by time. Batteries in poor condition
greatly reduce stand-by time.
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 9
■ NOTES
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 10
After completing and testing the fire alarm system the following certificate must be completed and handed to the
occupier together with the Log Book which also requires completion where indicated.
CERTIFICATE OF INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING OF A FIRE ALARM SYSTEM AT:Protected area
Address
My attention has been drawn to the recommendations of BS5839: Part 1 clause 29, relating to servicing the system. In
accordance with BS5839: Part 1: 1988, subclause 26.1, record drawings and operating instructions have been supplied
and received by:
Signed
Status
Date
For and on behalf of (user)
In accordance with BS5839: Part 1: 1988, subclause 26.2, the installation has been inspected for compliance with the
recommendations of the code.
In accordance with BS5839: Part 1: 1988, subclause 26.3, the insulation of cables and wires has been tested.
In accordance with BS5839: Part 1: 1988, subclause 26.4, the earthing has been tested.
In accordance with BS5839: Part 1: 1988, subclause 26.5, the entire system has been tested for satisfactory operation.
In accordance with BS5839: Part 1: 1988, subclause 26.6, it is certified that the installation complies with the recommendations of the code, other than the following deviations:–
Signed (Commissioning engineer)
Date
For and on behalf of
The system log book is situated
The system documentation is situated
The system keys are kept by
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 11
SYSTEM INSPECTION
This is a requirement of BS5839 Pt 1: 1988 "Fire Detection and Alarm Systems for Buildings" and should be carried
out by person(s) responsible for supervising the system.
DAILY INSPECTION
Check the MAINS ON light is lit. Check no other lights are lit or sounders operating.
faults to the installer.
Notify any
WEEKLY TEST
Turn the Keyswitch to ARM CONTROLS and press RESET. Check the zone light shows and that
the WARNING BEEPER sounds. Operate a call point or sensor to test the fire alarm. Check that the
alarm sounders operate. Reset the fire alarm by pressing SILENCE and then RESET (Two people
may be needed for this test). Each week test a different call point, so that all call points and sensors
are tested in rotation. A building plan detailing the call point / sensor location is recommended.
Check all call points and sensors and verify that none is obstructed in any way.
QUARTERLY TEST
Check all previous Log Book entries and verify that remedial action has been taken.
Visually
inspect the battery and its connections. Test the fire alarm as in the weekly test above. Remove the
mains supply and check that the battery is capable of supplying the alarm sounders.
ANNUAL TEST
As for the weekly and quarterly tests but check every detector, call point, sounder and all auxiliary
equipment for correct operation.
EVERY 2 -3 YEARS
Clean the smoke detectors to ensure correct operation and freedom from false alarms. Special
equipment is required for cleaning smoke detectors. Consult your supplier if in doubt.
EVERY 4 YEARS
Replace sealed lead acid batteries.
Any defects noted in the above tests should be noted in the log book and appropriate remedial
action taken.
SERVICING
REGULAR SERVICING IS STRONGLY RECOMMENDED, preferably on a continuous maintenance contract by a competent organisation. A full itemised report on every part of the installation
should be obtained at least annually.
EFP1 Installation / Maintenance Instructions DFU0380102 Rev 5 • Page 12
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