EQUALIZER-80CAN
VANNER Incorporated
Owner’s Manual
VANN-Bus 80-Series
Power Management System
With Model Based Battery Monitoring
Table of Contents
Introduction###################.####### 3
Specifications####################.####.# 4
Theory of Operation#####...################# 5
Typical Applications##########...#####.####..## 8
Installation Instructions##########.###...#######. 10
Testing and Troubleshooting################### 14
CAN Bus Specification###########..########## 16
80-Series CAN Power Management System
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Owner's Manual
Notes
80-Series CAN Power Management System
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OWNER’S MANUAL
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Owner's Manual
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing a Vanner VANN-Bus CAN Power Management System. We are confident that
you will be very pleased with its performance because our 80-Series are designed and manufactured by
skilled professionals using the highest standards in workmanship. With minimum maintenance and care,
you can be assured of many years of trouble free service.
General Description
The Vanner VANN-Bus CAN Power Management System is an efficient and highly reliable method of
obtaining a 12 volt DC power source from a 24 volt DC electrical system. The VANN-Bus makes the
batteries look like they are in series and parallel at the same time. In addition to providing regulated 12
volt power, the system ensures that battery voltages remain equal which significantly extends battery life.
Ideally suited for vehicle and alternate energy applications, the VANN-Bus is designed to save your
batteries and the money you would spend replacing them. Users of the Vanner VANN-Bus know that it is
the most cost effective and dependable solution for dual voltage systems.
The CAN (Controller Area Network) Capable Smart Monitor is a device designed to monitor and report
the status of several critical functions in the vehicle electrical system. This unit provides real-time fault
signals over the CAN bus to the vehicle electrical system controller. Fault indications can then be given
from the vehicle’s electrical system controller. Battery-monitoring algorithms have been incorporated into
the 80-Series VANN-Bus, transmitting real time battery state of charge, state of health, and run time
messages over CAN.
A typical system would include a 24VDC power source, such as an alternator or solar array, two 12 volt
battery banks in series, and the VANN-Bus. The VANN-Bus connects to the 24 volt, 12 volt and ground
terminals of the battery system. When the 12 volt loads require power, the VANN-Bus ensures that the
current is taken equally from both batteries, and that the voltages of the two batteries are kept equal.
This equalization ensures extended battery life and provides a stable 12 volt supply for operating
accessories.
Paralleling VANN-Bus: Models are available which provide 60, 80 and 100 amps of 12 volt DC power.
VANN-Bus may also be operated in parallel to provide more power. For example, two 60 amp units can
be installed to provide 120 amps of 12 volt DC power.
NOTE: The Vanner VANN-Bus CAN Power Management System is an extremely reliable device and,
when installed according to the instructions, will provide reliable operation for an indefinite period of time.
However, if a system abnormality should develop that would cause a VANN-Bus malfunction, damage to
the battery system could result if 12 volt loads are present.
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Specifications
80-Series CAN Equalizers
Model Number
80-60CAN
80-80CAN
Input Voltage 24v
Efficiency (Peak)
Max 24v Input Amps
18 to 32 v
>97%
>97%
>97%
32
43
53
Output Voltage
Output Amps (12v)
(Input Voltage/2) ±2%
0-60
0-80
Standby Current
Smart Monitor
0-100
20 milliamps nominal at 28.4V
Alarm Low/High Voltage, Imbalance, Undervoltage protect override, VANN-Bus fault
Battery Monitoring
Operating Temp.
-40°C to +75°C (-40°F to 167°F)
Storage Temp.
-54°C to +95°C (-65°F to 203°F)
Serviceable
Environmental
Considerations
Mounting Location
Weights
80-100CAN
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cast aluminum enclosure provides protection against salt, fungus, dust, water, fuel vapors and all fluids associated with
commercial and off-highway vehicle operations. IP rated 56.
Mount on a flat surface close to the batteries to allow short cable runs. Location should be protected from battery acid
and gases.
8.7 lbs.
8.9 lbs.
9.3 lbs.
80-Series CAN Dimensional Specifications
0.31
(7)
5/16-18 x 9/16
STUD
TORQUE 120
LB-IN MAX
10.6
(269)
8.0
(203)
5.1
(130)
1.3
(33)
0.5
(12.7)
(71)
2.8
8.0
(203)
8.5
(216)
80-Series CAN Power Management System
3.4
(86)
4.0
(102)
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Theory of Operation
F2
+24V
Dual Current
Sensor 80/600A
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
F1
Temperature
Sensor
+
24V
Alt
-
+24 Volt
Loads
Single Current
Sensor 80A
+12V
GND
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+12V
+12 Volt
Loads
In many 24 volt electrical systems it is desirable to tap into the battery system to obtain power for 12 volt
loads. This method, while seemingly simple, causes a charge imbalance resulting in Battery B (see
diagram) being overcharged, and possibly boiling, while Battery A discharges.
To solve this application problem the Vanner VANN-Bus is connected to the battery system at the +24
volt, +12 volt, and ground points. The VANN-Bus makes the batteries look like they are in series and in
parallel at the same time. The VANN-Bus maintains the voltage balance and therefore the charge
acceptance rate of each battery. The VANN-Bus holds the Battery A and B voltages to within 0.05 volts
under light loads and to within 0.1 volts at full rated load.
When the voltage of Battery A is higher than or equal to Battery B the VANN-Bus is in the standby mode,
i.e., it is not transferring power from its 24 volt input to its 12 volt output. When a 12 volt load is present,
and Battery A's voltage decreases to just below the voltage of Battery B, the VANN-Bus activates and
transfers sufficient current from Battery B to Battery A to satisfy the load and maintain an equal voltage
and charge in both batteries.
A key advantage of a system containing a Vanner VANN-Bus, compared to a DC to DC converter, is that
if the 12 volt load requires a momentary surge current which exceeds the rated capacity of the VANNBus, Battery A will supply the extra current to the load. The VANN-Bus will then replenish the energy to
Battery A after the surge has passed.
The following scenarios describe the VANN-Bus CAN Power Management System operation.
Scenario #1 - 24 volt load present, no 12 volt load present. The system operates as a system would
without the VANN-Bus whether the alternator is ON or OFF. The VANN-Bus is in the standby mode
except for making small adjustments to keep the batteries in balance.
Scenario #2 - Both 24 volt and 12 volt loads present, alternator is OFF. The VANN-Bus will insure
that both batteries will discharge at the same rate even if different loads are present.
Scenario # 3 - Both 24 volt and 12 volt loads present, alternator is ON. The alternator provides 24
volt power to the battery system and to the 24 volt loads. The VANN-Bus transfers power from the 24 volt
source to the 12 volt load by converting 24 volt power to 12 volts. It will supply sufficient 12 volt power to
satisfy the 12 volt load and to maintain battery voltage balance.
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Smart Monitor Functionality
All functionality described in this section requires that the Monitor Ignition Input (Terminal B) be
connected to +24v in order to be active. Please see the above figure for placement of the current and
temperature sensors.
A. Switched Sensor Supply Output
TM
This output is used to provide +5v for the Vanner Smart Sensor and current sensors. The +5v
output is switched for low power shutdown and sleep mode operation.
B. Smart Monitor Ignition (Enable) Input
This input powers the equalizer monitor. When this pin is taken to +24V the monitor becomes
active.
C. CAN Shield
This connection is used to make common the shield on the CAN cable. This is required for noise
considerations in vehicle electrical systems.
D. CAN Low
This is the connection for the vehicle’s public CAN bus. The Smart Monitor will communicate
faults to the vehicle’s electrical system controller via the CAN bus.
E. CAN High
This is the connection for the vehicle’s public CAN bus. The Smart Monitor will communicate
faults to the vehicle’s electrical system controller via the CAN bus.
F. Not Connected on Standard Equalizers/Low State of Charge (SOC) Disconnect for Equalizers
with -LVD Option
This pin is not currently used on Standard Equalizers.
For equalizers with the -LVD option, a +24V/3A pulse is provided for 500mS. See page 7 for
additional details regarding this output.
G. Dual Current Sensor, High Range Output (+24V)
The monitor can record high amperage cranking current (up to 600A) on the +24V battery bank.
The high current output of the dual current sensor should be connected to this input.
H. Sensor Ground
Connect ground for current sensors and Smart Sensors here.
J. Dual Current Sensor, Low Range Output (+24V)
The monitor can record the low amperage incoming and outgoing battery current on the +24V
battery bank. The low range output of the dual current sensor should be connected to this input.
K. Single Current Sensor (+12V) Signal Input
The monitor can record incoming and outgoing battery current on the lower battery. The output
from the current sensor monitoring the +12v output line should be connected to this input.
L. Temperature Sensor
The monitor can record the temperate of the batteries. The output from the temperature sensor
should be connected to this input.
M. +24V Battery Remote Sense
If this pin is connected directly to the +24V battery positive by a separate line, it will improve the
accuracy of the Equalizer balance of the batteries when load current is drawn. See below for
more information.
N. +12V Battery Remote Sense
If this pin is connected directly to the +12V battery positive by a separate line, it will improve the
accuracy of the Equalizer balance of the batteries when load current is drawn. See below for
more information.
P. Battery Ground Remote Sense
If this pin is connected directly to the battery ground by a separate line, it will improve the
accuracy of the Equalizer balance of the batteries when load current is drawn. See below for
more information.
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Deutsch Connector Pin Out
Sensor Supply
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
F1
+24 Volt
Loads
+12 Volt
Loads
(Radio)
CAN High
E
* Spare or Low SOC Output
F
Dual Current Sensor, High
Sensor Ground
G
H
Dual Current Sensor, Low
J
K
L
M
N
P
CAN Shield
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+
24V
Alt
-
CAN Low
A
B
C
D
Ignition Input
+24V
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+12V
GND
N
P
D
M
F
A
C
L
G
B
K
Single Current Sensor
E
J
H
Temperature Sensor
+24V Remote Sense
+12V Remote Sense
Ground Remote Sense
* See -LVD option description
below.
The monitor output from the unit is a through a Deutsch brand connector P/N: HDP24-18-14PN.
The mating connector is the Deutsch P/N: HDP26-18-14SN housing with Deutsch P/N: 1062-160622 socket contact.
Low State of Charge (SOC) Disconnect (-LVD Option, Terminal F)
The -LVD option provides an output signal that can be coordinated with vehicle software to disconnect
parasitic loads based on the State of Charge (SOC) of the 24V batteries. This will protect the batteries
from excessive discharge and ensures reserve capacity for engine cranking. The SOC for initiating the
output signal is user configurable via Vanner's Dashboard software. Battery aging and temperature
variations are compensated for to ensure accurate SOC calculations.
For a typical application, a disconnect request will be sent via CAN message to the vehicle after a
combination of extended vehicle inactivity and low SOC. If the multiplex system complies and shuts
down, the Equalizer will send a pulse via Terminal F to activate a disconnect. The disconnect, for
example, could be a bi-stable magnetic device. Reconnection of the battery shall be achieved through a
separate mechanism.
Remote Sense (Terminals M, N, and P)
There are three inputs for this function, +24, +12, and ground. They are for remote sense of the battery
voltage. This makes the Equalize function insensitive to wire, fuse and connection voltage drops. All three
sense lines must be connected for this function to work properly. It is usual for the battery connections to
be brought to a distribution point from where connections are made to the rest of the vehicle. Since the
battery charge current is the only current which the battery cables carry for most of the time it is
convenient to connect the sense wires to these distribution points. This should not introduce a significant
error. In fact, when the system stabilizes and the batteries are charged there will be almost no error.
The sense wires can be 16 or 18AWG as the input impedance is high, and the wire gauge can be set for
mechanical strength requirements. This allows cost savings and freedom of configuration in the Equalizer
power connection wiring, and more freedom in Equalizer location. The equalizer current carrying wire
gauge can be the minimum size listed in this manual's wire size table for a given Equalizer rating, up to
four times the distance listed. This sets a maximum voltage drop of 0.4V which is reasonable from
efficiency and fault detection considerations.
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Typical Applications
Vanner VANN-Bus CAN Power Management Systems are used in many types of applications including
transit and tour buses, private coaches, heavy trucks and off highway equipment, yachts, and alternative
energy systems such as solar powered homes. In addition to VANN-Buses, Vanner manufactures a wide
range of complementary products such as DC to DC converters, DC to AC inverters, battery
charger/conditioners, and battery isolators. The following system diagrams illustrate how these products
are used in various applications.
TRANSIT BUS
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24 Volt
Loads
+12 Volt
Loads
+12V
+
12 V
Battery A
-
GND
PRIVATE COACH
+24V
+24V
Vanner Battery Isolator or
Other Paralleling Switch
F5
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
F4
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
+24 Volt
Loads
+12 Volt
Loads
+
+12V
-
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+
12 V
Battery A
-
F3
+12V
+12 Volt
Loads
GND
Coach Batt. Sys.
80-Series CAN Power Management System
+
12 V
Battery A
-
Vanner
DC to AC
Inverter
GND
120VAC
Loads
House Batt. Sys.
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Applications Continued:
TOUR/CHARTER COACH
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+
+12V
-
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24 Volt
Loads
+12 Volt
Loads
+
12 V
Battery A
-
Vanner
DC to AC
Inverter
GND
120VAC
Loads
MARINE
+24V
+24V
Vanner Battery Isolator or
Other Paralleling Switch
F6
F5
+24V
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
F4
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
+
24V
Starter
-
+12 Volt
Loads
+
+12V
-
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+
12 V
Battery A
-
F3
+12V
GND
+24 Volt
House
Loads
+12 Volt
House
Loads
Engine Batt. Sys.
80-Series CAN Power Management System
+
12 V
Battery A
-
GND
Vanner
Battery
Charger
From Main
AC Panel
+
-
Vanner
DC to AC
Inverter
To Auto
Transfer
Switch
House Batt. Sys.
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Installation Instructions
These symbols are used to note procedures that if not closely followed could lead to loss of life or
damage to equipment or property due to electrocution.
Electrocution hazard exists
Fire hazard exists
A potentially dangerous condition
Explosive hazard exists
Corrosive hazard exists
Do not exceed the specified torque of 120 in-lbs. when connecting cables to the terminal posts
(+24, GND, +12) during installation of all the VANN-Bus Models. Torque values higher than specified may
damage the product, reduce performance, and/or create hazardous conditions. Products damaged by
improper torque are not covered by the warranty.
Do not connect more than one conductor per terminal post on any Vanner VANN-Bus.
Multiple wires and cables may overstress internal components, resulting in poor performance or creating
hazardous conditions. Products damaged by the installation of multiple conductors per post are not
covered by the warranty.
Fault protection devices must be installed between the VANN-Bus and the
power source (battery). A fault protection device would be any fuse or circuit breaker properly rated for
the maximum DC current obtainable. This advisory is in accordance with SAE, NEC and UL, for mobile
power applications. Install per applicable codes or within 18” of the battery. See Wire and Fuse Sizing
Chart on page 10 of this manual or contact Vanner at 1-800-227-6937 or [email protected] if
assistance is needed in sizing fault protection devices.
Caution: This equipment tends to produce arcs and sparks during
installation. To prevent fire or explosion, compartments containing batteries or flammable materials must
be properly ventilated. Safety goggles should always be worn when working near batteries
Mounting Location –The VANN-Bus may be mounted in any orientation, on a flat mounting
surface suitable to support the VANN-Bus during application. Do not mount in zero-clearance
compartment that may result in the VANN-Bus overheating. Locate so that contact by people is unlikely.
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Environmental Protection – Your VANN-Bus has been designed to withstand direct exposure to rain
and moisture. The VANN-Bus has also been tested for exposure to direct pressure spray, but continual
exposure to direct pressure spraying may reduce the VANN-Bus serviceable life. Any damage due to
water contamination is covered by Vanner only through the terms of our factory warranty.
Wiring Sequence– The VANN-Bus is internally protected for reverse polarity. The wiring sequence is not
an issue with the VANN-Bus products.
Strain Relief – The VANN-Bus has an integral strain relief. The VANN-Bus is designed with wells for the
lug to sit into to resist bolt loosening from cable movement, and the strain relief is designed to further
inhibit cable movement. The diagram below shows the proper orientation for the attachment of the strain
relief and the #10-32 mounting hardware that is supplied.
MOUNTING SCREWS
CABLE STRAIN RELIEF
LUG WELLS
VANN-Guard
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Caution adding 12volt batteries
Acceptable
+24V
+
12 V
Battery B
-
Unacceptable
+24V
Battery A and Battery B Are
The Same Size
F2
Battery A and Battery B Are
NOT The Same Size
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
+12V
+
24V
Alt
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
GND
+12V
F1
F1
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+
24V
Alt
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+12V
GND
F1
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
In certain applications, such as private coach or alternate energy applications, it may be desirable to have
additional 12 volt “House Batteries” to operate heavy 12 volt (inverter) loads. Use the VANN-Bus to
charge the additional batteries.
Connect the VANN-Bus 12V terminal to the additional batteries only. Do not connect the VANN-Bus 12V
terminal to both battery banks as this would make Battery A larger than Battery B. Damage to Battery B
may occur during charging due to overcharging, if the VANN-Bus cannot keep up with the charging
system.
Caution using a Ground-Side Battery Disconnect Switch
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
High Current Diode
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24 Volt
Loads
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+12 Volt
Loads
(Radio)
+12V
GND
Battery Disconnect Switch
The system must be wired as shown to prevent Reverse Polarity Damage to polarity sensitive12 volt
loads while the ground-side disconnect switch is open. The VANN-Bus’s GND terminal must be wired to
the battery side of the ground-side disconnect switch circuit for the VANN-Bus to work properly.
Install the external High Current Diode, such as Vanner Model 52-75 (45 amp continuous rating) to
protect polarity sensitive 12 volt loads if these loads do not already contain input diode protection. This
prevents a reverse polarity on the 12 volt equipment when the battery switch is open. The reverse polarity
does not come from the VANN-Bus, but from any 24 volt equipment that may be turned ON.
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Wire Size and temperature rating
Cables connecting the VANN-Bus to the batteries must be sufficiently sized to prevent unwanted voltage
drops. These voltage drops (loss) must be less than 0.05 VDC between the VANN-Bus’s +24 volt
terminal and the battery +24 volt terminal (Battery B positive terminal), less than 0.10 VDC between the
VANN-Bus’s +12 volt terminal and the battery +12 volt terminal (the jumper between Battery A and
Battery B), and less than 0.05 VDC between the VANN-Bus’s GND terminal and the battery ground
terminal (Battery A negative terminal that is connected to chassis ground). In most installations, the
VANN-Bus’s terminals are wired directly to the battery terminals (reference fault protection) to prevent
voltage loss that could occur in switch contacts, connections, and long wire runs. Since the VANN-Bus
can be operated in temperatures up to 75ºC, use wire rated at least 90ºC. See Wire and Fuse Size Chart.
Wire and Fuse Size Chart
Wire
Size
AWG
#8
#6
#4
#2
#1
#1/0
#2/0
Ring Terminal
AMP or UL
recognized
equal
33462
33466
33470
322870
321867
321867
321870
Fuse F1
Fuse F2
Max wire length, in feet, between VANN-Bus and battery to keep voltage drop under 0.1
volt. The chart assumes wire carries no other load and wire temperature is below 80ºC.
80-60CAN
80-80CAN
80-100CAN
2 X 80-100CAN
2.1
3.2
5.9
8.7
10.9
13.8
17.6
80 amp
40 amp
XXX
2.4
4.4
6.5
8.2
10.4
13.2
100 amp
50 amp
XXX
XXX
3.5
5.2
6.5
8.3
10.5
125 amp
80 amp
XXX
XXX
XXX
2.6
3.3
4.1
5.3
250 amp
150 amp
Crimp the ring terminals using AMP ROTA-CRIMP 600850 (2/0 - 8ga).
AMP Product Information Center: 800-522-6752
AMP Tooling Assistance Center: 800-722-1111
Note: The wire gages listed are for use without remote sense; see the monitor section for applications
using the remote sense capability.
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Testing and Troubleshooting
CAUTION
Servicing of electrical systems should only be performed by trained and qualified technical personnel.
Equipment Required
VoltMeter having 0.01 volt resolution. (Fluke Model 87 Multimeter recommended).
Clamp-on current meter (Fluke Model 36 Clamp-on Meter recommended).
Vanner Repair Service
Vanner offers a quick turn around factory repair service. Send the unit to the address
below with a note instructing us to repair it. Include your name, phone number, shipping
address (not a P.O. Box Number), and your purchase order number.
Test Procedure for VANN-Bus 80-Series CAN Power
Management Systems
The VANN-Bus is working properly if:
1. The 12 volt DC loads are being operated continuously and are within the rated capacity of the
VANN-Bus and;
2. Battery A voltage is lower than Battery B by no more than 0.05 to 0.10 volts (measured at the
VANN-Bus’s +24, +12 and GND terminals).
Vanner VANN-Buses are electronically protected against reverse polarity damage therefore the DC
connection sequence is not an issue.
Vanner VANN-Buses will not function properly unless all three battery connections are made. Battery A
and Battery B voltages both must be above 8 volts for the unit to turn ON.
Vanner VANN-Buses may be used in parallel with other VANN-Buses and Vanner Equalizer models.
Please note that the 24V, 12V and GND stud position and orientation are different on VANN-Bus 80Series than on other Vanner Equalizers.
VANN-Bus Test Procedure:
1. Field-test the equalizer while fully connected to the vehicle batteries. For bench testing, two 12 volt
batteries, or two 12 volt power supplies are required. The VANN-Bus must be connected to the
batteries at GND, 12V and 24V to function properly.
2. If battery voltage is below 24 volts start the vehicle or apply a 24 volt battery charger to the batteries.
3. Turn ON 12 volt DC loads up to the VANN-Bus’s rated capacity. Measure DC current on the VANNBus +12V cable to verify load current.
4. At the VANN-Bus measure and record:
a. Battery A voltage (voltage between the VANN-Bus’s +12 and GND terminals)
b. Battery B voltage (voltage between the VANN-Bus’s +24 and +12 terminals)
5.
Subtract Battery A voltage from Battery B voltage and compare readings.
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VANN-Bus Status
Voltage Comparison
a.
b.
c.
Battery A is lower than Battery B but
within 0.05 volt.
Battery A is lower than Battery B by
0.05 to 0.10 volts.
Battery A is lower than Battery B by
more than 0.10 volts
d.
Battery A is lower than Battery B by
more than 0.10 volts
e.
Battery A is higher than Battery B
OFF
Stand-by Mode.
The VANN-Bus will not turn ON until Battery A is lower than
Battery B by more than 0.05 volts.
ON
Normal Operating Mode
ON
Self-Protection Mode due to Overload Condition.
See below.
OFF
The VANN-Bus is not functioning properly.
Abnormal condition. Suspect Battery B is defective or a 12 volt load
is connected to Battery B.
Overload Condition
An overload condition exists when the 12 volt loads exceed the VANN-Bus’s rated capacity. The overload
condition will not damage the VANN-Bus, but may cause damage to the batteries.
During the overload, the VANN-Bus’s output is limited by internal protection circuits to its Rated Output
Amps. The 12 volt amps exceeding the VANN-Bus’s output are drawn from Battery A which will begin to
draw the batteries out of balance. The VANN-Bus’s full Rated Output Amps are maintained as long as
Battery A and Battery B remain balanced within 0.10 volt. The internal protection circuits will reduce the
VANN-Bus’s output as the batteries become further out-of-balance. If Battery A voltage falls below
approximately 8 volts the VANN-Bus will shut itself OFF.
To correct the overload condition the 12 volt load must be reduced or the VANN-Bus’s rated capacity
must be increased.
Trouble Shooting an Engine No-Start Situation
Situation:
A coach has dead batteries and won’t start while jump starting. The coach is equipped with a 24 volt
starting and charging system, a 12 volt electronic diesel engine control, a VANN-Bus, and a moderate 12
volt load which cannot be turned OFF. The coach sits for several days and the batteries run completely
dead. During jump-starting the engine cranks but does not start due to low voltage on the 12 volt supply.
Electrical testing reveals there is no 12 volt output from the VANN-Bus while jump starting even though
the VANN-Bus separately tests OK.
Cause:
The 12 volt load which could not be turned OFF first ran both batteries down until the VANN-Bus shut
itself OFF due to low voltage. (The VANN-Bus will shut OFF if system voltage falls below 16 volts or if
voltage on either battery falls below 8 volts.) Then Battery A alone was drained to near zero volts.
As the bus is being jumped, 12 volt loads hold Battery A voltage too low for the VANN-Bus to turn ON and
Battery A is too weak to support the 12 volt electronic engine control.
Solution:
Turn OFF all 12 volt loads (turning the battery disconnect switch OFF may accomplish this). Connect the
jumper cables but do not crank the engine for two or three minutes. (Both batteries must rise above 8
volts.) The battery disconnect switch can then be turned ON and the bus should have adequate 12 volt
power to start.
80-Series CAN Power Management System
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OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Owner's Manual
CAN Bus Specification
A comprehensive CAN communication specification is available. Please contact Vanner's engineering
department to ensure you have the latest revision.
80-Series CAN Power Management System
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OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Owner's Manual
Notes:
80-Series CAN Power Management System
17
OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Owner's Manual
Vanner Incorporated
4282 Reynolds Drive
Hilliard, Ohio 43026
1-800-AC POWER
(1-800-227-6937)
Tel: 614-771-2718
Fax: 614-771-4904
www.vanner.com
e-mail: [email protected]
Part Number D913732-E
June 26, 2015
Printed in U.S.A.
80-Series CAN Power Management System
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OWNER’S MANUAL
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