980mm P-40B Flying Tiger Manual

980mm P-40B Flying Tiger Manual
 SMS
Perfect Appearance Excellent Performance
ISOMM P-TOB Flying Tiger
Operating Manual
Specifications
WENO sua. 980 mm (38.6 in)
ik 825 mm (32.5 in)
Weight ….….....rrarenrenrencencanesnenne 1240 g (43.7 0z)
Wing Area... 16.4 dm’ (254 in”)
Wing Load....................... 75.6 g/dm' (0.17 oz/in')
Rad СОНИ Е 000 ao 6 Channel
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WARNING
WARNING: Read the ENTIRE instruction manual to become familiar with the features of the product
before operating. Failure to operate the product correctly can result in damage to the product, personal
property and cause serious injury.
This is a sophisticated hobby product and NOT a toy. It must be operated with caution and common sense
and requires some basic mechanical ability. Failure to operate this Product in a safe and responsible manner
could result in injury or damage to the product or other property. This product is not intended for use by
children without direct adult supervision.
This manual contains instructions for safety, operation and maintenance. ltis essential to read and follow
all tha instructions and warnings in manual, prior to assembly, setup or use, in order to operate correctly
and avoid damage or serious injury.
Safety Precautions and Warnings
As the user of this product, you are solely responsible for operating in a manner that does not endanger
yourself and others or result in damage to the product or the property of others. This model is controlled
by à radio signal subject to interference from many sources outside your control. This interférence can
cause momentary loss of control so itis advisable to alwayskeep a safe distancein all directions around
your model, as this margin will help avoid collisions or injury.
Age Recommendation: Not for children under 14years. This is not a toy.
Never operate your model with low transmitter batteries.
Always operate your model in an open area away from cars, traffic or people.
« Avoid operating your model in the street where injury or damage can occur.
+ Never operate the model in the streel or in populated areas for any reason.
» Carefully follow the directions and warnings for this and any optional support equipment (chargers,
rechargeable battery packs, etc.) you use.
* Keep all chemicals, small parts and anything electrical out of the reach of children.
* Moisture causes damage to electronics. Avoid water exposure to all equipment not specifically designed
and protected for this purpose.
Never lick or place any portion of your model in your mouth as it could cause serious injury or even death.
~~
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FMS Kindly Reminder vw §
Thank you for purchasing a FMS model ro Met. ¥
Our goal is to provide high quality products and |
offer great customer service. If you have any
problems with your product or want to offer J
i suggestions for improvements (such as plane i |
design, packaging, building instructions, etc.) f
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please feel free to contact us at
[email protected]
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Table of Contents
O0 coccinea EEE EEE 3
INTroducuon and Sn 3
GONE OF BIE onanism assis si as si as sian ss as sins 4
Additional Required lIltems......................e.eeereveverivererecereree ee О
Assemoy INSTUOUONS cv mii a Lee NA О
Generic Binding NEUES... commana co sow 12
co IO cae a a a кой 12
GONVOL DUFTHIERE coma a aa i A A EAA 13
Final Assembly, Detailing, and Propeller Set......................... 10
Cent БГ sims OB 17
Pre TIRE occas sa esse AA 18
NON: ON aan 18
any ENE: CAES hear ADA sia sia ежконй .18
Spare parts list content.................................r.e.erervircire De 19
Eo NC cru A MN MZ MZA 22
Safety
Lithium Polymer (Li-Po) Battery Warning
CAUTION: Always follow the manufacturer's instructions for safe use and disposal of batteries.
Fire, property damage, or serious injury can result from the mishandling of Li-Po Batteries.
» By handling, charging or using a Li-Po Battery you assume all risks associated with lithium
batteries.
= If at any time the batteries begin to swell, or balloon, discontinue use Immediately!
Charging or discharging a swelling or ballooning battery can result in fire.
r Always store the batteries at room temperature in a dry area to extend the life of the
battery. Always transport or temporarily store the battery in a temperature range of
40-120F. Do not store the battery or model in a car or in direct sunlight. If stored in a hot
car, the battery can be damaged or even catch fire.
= Never use a Ni-Mh Charger to charge Li-Po Batteries. Failure to charge the battery with a
Li-Po compatible charger may cause fire resulting in personal injury and property damage.
= Never discharge Li-Po Cells below 3V.
= Never leave charging batteries unattended.
» Never charge damaged batteries.
Charging the Flight Battery Warning
= Use a battery charger that is designed to safely charge the Li-Po Battery. Read the charger
instructions carefully before use. When charging the battery, make certain the battery is on
a heat resistant surface. It is also highly recommended to place the Li-Po Battery inside a
fire resistant charging bag readily available at hobby shops or online.
Introduction and History
The Flying Tigers, known officially as the 1st American Volunteer Group (AVG), were a unit of the
Chinese Air Force, recruited from U.S. aviators. From late 1941, the P-40B was used by the
Flying Tigers. They were divided into three pursuit squadrons, the "Adam & Eves", the "Panda
Bears" and the "Hell's Angels”.[48]
Compared to opposing Japanese fighters, the P-40B's strengths were that it was sturdy, well
armed, faster in a dive and possessed an excellent rate of roll. While the P-40s could not match
the maneuverability of the Japanese Army air arm's Nakajima Ki-27s and Ki-43s, nor the much
more famous Zero naval fighter in a slow speed turning dogfight, at higher speeds the P-40s were
more than a match. AVG leader Claire Chennault trained his pilots to use the P-40's particular
performance advantages.[48] The P-40 had a higher dive speed than any Japanese fighter
aircraft of the early war years, for example, and could be used to exploit so-called
"boom-and-zoom" tactics. The AVG was highly successful, and its feats were widely published,
to boost sagging public morale at home, by an active cadre of international journalists. According
to their official records, in just 6 1/2 months, the Flying Tigers destroyed 115 enemy aircraft for
the loss of just four of their own in air-to-air combat.
The FMS 980MM P-40B Flying Tiger is avaibalbe in High Speed versiono which is capable of
extreme speeds up to 100mph.
Contents of Kit
Before assembly, please inspect the contents of the kit. The photo below details the
contents of the kit and labels the major components "A" thru "O" for your convenience. If
any parts are missing or defective, please identify the name or part number (refer to the
spare parts list near the end of the manual), then contact the FMS Team.
FMS Team Product Support
3/F, Building B, 3rd Industry Zone, Matigang, Dalingshan Town,
Dongguan City, P.R.C.
Phone: 0086-769-86976655
Email: [email protected]
Additional Required Items
Tools and Adhesives
O Glue Brush
Transmitter/Receiver (required for PNP and kit version)
This model requires a 6 channel receiver and transmitter.
Battery/Charger (required for PNP and kit version)
A 14 .8Y 2200 mAh 25C Li-Po Battery is recommended for the High Speed (HS) version. If using
another battery, it must be the same voltage, approximately the same capacity, dimensions, and
weight to fit in the fuselage without changing the center of gravity significantly. A standard Li-Po
Battery Balancing Charger is required to safely charge the battery. Caution: Using a higher
voltage Li-Po Battery than recommended could exceed the maximum capacity of the ESC and
motor and result in ESC failure during flight. This would cause a complete loss of control creating
a potentially dangerous condition.
Motor/ESC/Servos/Propeller
The HS kit version requires a brushless 3648-KV770 motor, a 70A ESC with 5A SBEC, (6) 9g
digital metal gear servos, and a 10.5x7 three blade propeller.
Assembly Instructions
The assembly instructions in this manual have been divided into logical steps. Check boxes have
been placed in front of each step to help you keep track of your progress. Please read each step
carefully, perform the task per the instructions, and mark when completed. If you are unavoidably
interrupted before completing a step, it is advisable to make a detailed notation of any unfinished
items to ensure the step is fully completed when you return to the task. Refer to the "Contents of
Kit" photos if you need help identifying a part.
Install the aileron control horns
O 1) Locate the wing “A and parts bag B which contains the aileron control horns, backing
plate, screws, and control rod linkages.
O 2) Insert the control horns into the holes in the bottom surface of each aileron, with the horn
pointing towards the hinge line of the wing (fig. 1). Place the control horn backing plate on
the top side of the aileron surface. Using the provided screws, secure each control horn
from the backing plate side. (fig. 2)
Connect the aileron control rod linkages
0 3) Slide the provided piece of fuel tubing over the control rod linkage and then insert the
control rod linkage thru the desired hole in the aileron servo arm (fig. 3). Note: For a single
rate transmitter use the first hole to achieve a high rate setting. Use the third hole nearest
the servo to achieve a low rate setting.
п 4) Press the hole in the clevis over the end of the control rod linkage, rotate it and snap the
base of the clevis over the control rod linkage (hg. 4).
= ни
fig.3 fig.4
oo 5) Slide the fuel tubing over the clevis to secure it (fig. 5). Note: Do not slide the fuel tubing
too far or binding of the servo arm could result (fig. 6). Kepeat steps 3-5 for the other aileron
control rod linkage.
Connect the flap control rod linkages
O 6) Connect the flap control rod linkages in the same manner as the aileron control rod
linkages.
Install the Wing
о 7) Locate the fuselage "C", remove the canopy, and turn the fuselage over so the bottom
side is facing up (fig. 7).
1 8) Begin to install the wing by guiding the servo leads thru the opening in the bottom of the
fuselage as you lower the wing into position (fig. 8).
’
al 9) Insert the nose on the leading edge side of the wing into the notch in the fuselage (fig. 9).
Continue to quide the servo leads thru the opening in the fuselage by pulling on them from
the canopy side of the fuselage as you fully seat the wing in position.
0 10) Secure the wing with the four provided machine screws “D” (fig. 10).
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fig.10
Install the horizontal stabilizer
0 11) Locate the left half of the horizontal stabilizer "E°. Align the notch in the stabilizer with
the plastic tongue protruding from the fuselage (fig. 11).
0 12) Press the left half of the horizontal stabilizer into position (fig. 12).
O 13) Insert the fiberglass connecting tube “G" into the left side stabilizer (fig. 13). Slide the
tube approximately halfway in. Do not force it in farther than it will slide. This will push the
connecting tube into the foam and prevent it from fully inserting into the right side stabilizer
half.
о 14) While holding the left side stabilizer in place, guide the right side stabilizer “F over the
connecting tube and align the notch with the plastic tongue (fig. 14).
п 15) Press the right side stabilizer into place (fig. 15).
= 16) Turn the fuselage over. Secure the horizontal stabilizer with the two supplied SCrews
from bag “H" (fig. 16).
о 17) Connect the left and right elevator surfaces by installing the provided screw from bag
“H" as shown (fig. 17).
Connect the elevator control rod linkages
о 18) Press the socket-style linkage connectors over the corresponding ball end on the control
horn located on the underside of the elevator. (fig.18).
fig.18
Receiver Connection
п 20) Connect the labeled leads per the receiver connection diagram (fig. 19). There is a
Y -harness for the ailerons and a connection board for the retractable gear and LED lights
that must be used to combine the leads prior to making a connection to the receiver (fig. 20).
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Install the battrry
O 21) Insert the battery into the battery compartment as shown (fig. 21). Secure the battery in
place with the hook and loop strap.
11
Generic Binding Instructions
Binding is the process of programming your receiver to respond to your specific transmitter.
Always follow your radio equipment manufacturer's specific binding instructions. Below is a
typical generic procedure for reference:
1.Power off the transmitter.
2.5et the throttle control on the transmitter to its lowest position (all other controls should be
at their neutral position).
3.Install binding plug in receiver bind port.
4.Connect the battery to the ESC.
a5. The receiver LED will flash rapidly.
6. Turn on the transmitter while holding the bind button or switch in the bind position.
7. When the receiver binds, the LED on the receiver will turn on and remain steady.
8.Remove the binding plug from the receiver.
Note: We recommend re-binding the radio after all the control throw settings are adjusted. This
will keep the servos from moving full stroke while the transmitter and receiver connect.
ESC Information
Please refer to the ESC instruction at the end of Manual for detaler information about your
programmable ESC.
Motor Rotation
The motor and ESC comes pre-connected. The direction of motor rotation should be
counterclockwise (fig. 22). If the motor is rotating in the wrong direction, simply reverse two of
the three motor wires to change the direction of rotation.
12
Control Surfaces
Center Adjustment (trim)
1.
BNO EWN
Follow all safety precautions as outlined in this manual and your transmitter
manufacturer's manual, including setting the throttle to the off position.
Turn on the transmitter and plug in the ESC battery.
Center all the trim controls on the transmitter.
Look at all the control surfaces to determine which ones need adjustment.
Unplug the ESC battery and turn off the transmitter before attempting any adjustments.
Adjust clevises as necessary to center control surfaces to their neutral position.
Repeat steps 1 thru 4 to verify adjustments.
If more adjustment is required, repeat steps 5 and 6 until process is completed.
Please see the following for reference; ailerons (fig. 23), rudder, elevator and, rear landing gear
(fig. 24). Note: the rudder and rear landing gear neutral position is adjusted by loosening one of
the screws on the control connector and moving the linkage rod. Tighten the screw when the
adjustment is complete (fig. 25). The other control surfaces are adjusted by disconnecting the
appropriate end of the control rod linkage and turning the threaded connector on the linkage
rod.
13
Direction Check
Turn on your transmitter and receiver. Viewing the model from the rear, move the controls on
the transmitter per the instructions that follow and verify the control surfaces are responding in
the appropriate direction. You may have to reverse the direction of one or more channels on
your transmitter to correct any issues.
1. Move the left joystick to the right. The rudder should move to the right. Move the
joystick to the left. The rudder should move to the left. Reverse channel on
transmitter if necessary.
2. Move the right joystick down towards the bottom of the transmitter. The elevator
should move up. Move the joystick towards the top of the transmitter. The elevator
should move down.
3. Move the right joystick to the right. The right aileron should go up. The left aileron
should go down. Move the joystick to the left. The right aileron should go down. The
left aileron should go up.
Travel Settings (throw)
Adjust the throw by moving the clevis position on the control surface horns. A commercially
available gauge is helpful in this task though not required. If you have a single rate transmitter,
adjust throws to low rate settings. If you have a dual rate transmitter, adjust the throws to
achieve high rate settings.
Aileron Control Throw Setting (low rate)
10 mm up/down (fig. 26-28). Pictures are for reference only on how to use the gauge.
A
Elevator Control Throw Setting (low rate)
8 mm up/down
Rudder Control Throw Setting (low rate)
7 mm left/right
Flap Control Throw Setting
10 mm mid down
25 mm full down
Mote: Measure the throw (deflection) at the widest point (chord) of each control surface.
Dual Rates and Exponential Recommendations
On many transmitters, dual rates can be setup for aileron, elevator, and rudder channels. If
your transmitter is capable, designate a switch on the transmitter to change between a low and
high rate of servo travel for each channel. Low rates are for normal flying. High rates are for
extreme aerobatics.
To use dual rates, the control surface throw settings should be set to equal the high rate
settings. When the transmitter switch is in the high rate position, the control surface will travel
100%. When the transmitter switch is in the low rate position, the servo will travel less than
100% (a percentage that you determine) to make the control surface throw equal to the low rate
deflection.
Aileron high rate14 mm up/down
Elevator high rate15 mm up/down
Rudder high rate12 mm left/right
Final Assembly, Detailing, and Propeller Set
m 1) Locate the machine gun sets "M". Test fit one of the gun sets on the leading edge
side of the wing. Match the color and taper of top side of the wing to the corresponding
color and taper of the gun set (fig. 29).
0 2) Once you have determined where each gun set fits, remove them, apply glueevenly,
and re-install (fig.30).
15
d 4) Slide the external fuel tank "0" into the slot on the bottom of the fuselage as shown
(fig.31-32). Note: This step is optional as the external fuel tank could reduce performance.
Install the Propeller Assembly
a 5) Prior to installing the propeller assembly, balancing is recommended. There are
commercially available balancers for this task. Please follow the manufacturer's
instructions carefully.
о 6) Key the propeller assembly to the motor shaft by fitting the assembly over the hex nut
on the shaft "J" (fig. 33).
о 7) Install the propeller to the motor shaft and make sure the root of the propeller sits right
on the sadddle with the painted propeller tips facing the frot of the plane. Secure the bullet
into place using a screw driver. (fig.34)
O B)Secure the spinner into place using the included machine screw. (fig. 35-36)
16
Center of Gravity
Before balancing your model, make sure the it is completely assembled, the battery is installed,
and the retractable landing gear is in the lowered position. The recommended center of gravity
(CG) for your model is 45-50 mm from the wing's leading edge (measured at point of contact with
fuselage). Lightly mark the ideal center of gravity position on the top surface of the wing on each
side of the fuselage. Support the plane inverted at the marks made on the top of the wing with
your fingers or a commercially available balancing stand. It should be level or just slightly nose
down. Adjust the position of battery as necessary to achieve the proper balance.
45-50mm
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17
Pre-flight Checklist
Prior to first flight:
1.Ensure your transmitter and ESC batteries are fully charged per manufacturer's
instructions.
2.Ensure propeller is properly secured.
3.Ensure receiver and ESC battery are secure.
4.Check all control surface actuating hardware (linkages, screws, nuts, bolts, etc.)
0.Perform a range test on the radio equipment.
6.Check control surfaces for proper direction and throw.
7.Check center adjustment of each control surface.
8.With someone holding the aircraft, start the motor and make sure it runs smoothly and
in a CCW direction when viewed from the front. Ensure it will transition from off to
high throttle and back to off.
Flight Safety
1.Do not fly in strong winds or bad weather.
2.Mever fly in crowded areas near people, cars, buildings, power lines, airports, etc. The
plane can travel at high speed so choose a wide open space and give yourself plenty of
room to operate. Remember you are responsible for the safety of others.
3.Not recommended for children under 14 years of age. Children under 12 must have adult
supervision.
4 Never use or leave the battery charger in a wet environment.
5.Keep the model away from heat which can easily destroy the foam structure of the plane,
the electronics, or the battery.
6.Do not attempt to catch the model while flying.
7.5tay clear of the propeller at all times, even when it is not moving because the transmitter
could easily be bumped and cause the propeller to move without warning.
&.Never leave the model unattended with a battery installed. Injury could be caused by
children or unaware adults turning on the transmitter.
9. When preparing for flight, turn the transmitter on and ensure the throttle is off before
connecting the battery.
Daily Flight Checks
Prior to first flight:
1.Check condition of major components. Ensure wing, tail, motor, and landing gear are secure.
2.Check condition of propeller.
3.Check all control surface actuating hardware (linkages, screws, nuts, bolts, etc.)
4 Check the voltage on the transmitter and ESC batteries.
5.Perform a range test on the radio equipment.
6.Check control surfaces for proper direction and throw.
7.Check center adjustment of each control surface.
Post flight:
1. Disconnect ESC battery
Tum off transmitter
Remove ESC battery from model.
Recharge ESC battery.
store ESC battery away from model in fire proof container.
Repair or replace any damaged parts on the model airplane.
ОО ВЫ
18
— Spare parts list content
FH 101 Fuselage
FH 102 Main wing set
FH 103 Horizontal stabilizer
FH 104 Cockpit
FH 105 Spinner
FH 106 Propeller (10.5*7 3-blade)
FH 107 Cil Tank
FH 108 Machine Gun
FH 109 Arrspeed Head
FH 110 Exhaust Pipe
FH 111 Motor Mount
FH 112 Motor Board
FH 113 Main Landing Grear System (A whole set with retract, strut and tires)
FH 114 Rear Landing Gear Set
FH 115 The inner fairing door
FH 116 Motor Shaft
FH 117 Linkage Rod
FH 118 Screw Set
FH 119 Decal Sheet
FH 120 Pipe (for elevator)
FH 121 LED
FH 122 Lamp Cover
FMS-Motor-3648 Kv770
FMS-ESC-70A
FMSSER9MGD (9g digital metal gear servo positive)
FMSSER9SLP (9g Positive slow servo flaps For flaps)
Note: All of the parts are painted with no decal applied.
19
Spare Parts Illustration
FH 104
FH 106
FH 107
FH 109
FH 114
FH 115
20
FH 122
FMSSERIMGD 9g
FH 117
|
FH 118
FH 120
FH 121
FMS-Motor-3648 Kv770
FMSSER9SLP 9g
FMS-ESC-70A
2]
ESC instruction
Wires Connection:
The electronic speed controllercan be connected to the motor by soldering directly or with high quality connectors.
Always use new connectors, which should be soldered carefully to the cables and insulated with heat shrink tube.
The maximum length of the battery pack wires shall be within 6 inches.
Solder controller to the motor wires.
Solder appropriate connectors to the battery wires.
Insulate all solder connectors with heat shrink tubes.
Plug the "JR" connector into the receiver throttle channel.
Speed Controller Red and Black wires connects to battery pack Red and Black wires respectively.
Brushless Speed Controlles
Specification:
Model # Cont. Burst Battery cell Weight | BEC Size (mm) User
Current(A) | Current NiXX/Lipo (g) Output W“L*H Program
(A) 10s.
GA БА HA 5-10 NC \ 2-3 Lipo 5 avolts / Zamps 13 х 21 х 4 ves
12A 12A 164 5-12 NCH 2-4 Lipo 8 Svolts/ Tamps 21x22x4 yes
204 204 304 5-12 NC \ 2-4 Lipo 18 Svolts / Jamps 13x21x4 yes
304 304 404 5-12 NC \ 2-4 Lipo 30 Svolts / 3amps 23x43x6 yes
35A 35A 454 5-12NC 1 2-4 Lipo 47 | Svolts/4amps 28x38x8 yes
40A 40A 304 5-12 NC \ 2-4 Lipo <= Svolts/ 3amps 28x38x8 yes
454 45A 55A 5-12 NC \ 2-4 Lipo 43 Svolts / 3amps 31 x58 x11 yes
50A SOA TOA 5-18NC \ 2-6 Lipo 45 5.5volts / Samps 31x5&x11 yes
GOA 0A 70A 5-12NC\ 2-4Lipao 50 5.5volts/ 3amps 16x50x8 yes
B5A BSA SA 5 18NC 1 2-6Lipo 58 5.5volts / Samps 30 x 56 x 11 ves
70A 70A 75A 5-12NC \ 2-6 Lipo 56 5.5volts/ Samps | 34x57x 14 ves
BSA RSA 1004 5-18NC \ 2-6Lipo 63 5.5volts / Samps 34 х 52 х 14 yes
Features:
Extremely low internal resistance
Super smooth and accurate throttle linearity
Safety thermal over-load protection
Auto throttle shut down in signal loss situation
Supports high RPM motors
Power arming protection (prevents the mbor from accidentally running when switched ON)
New advanced programming software
+ + + + + + +
Our ESC allows you to program parameters to fit your specific needs:
22
Our ESC allows you to program parameters to fit your specific needs:
User programmable brake setting (we recommend using brake for only folding props applications)
User programmable battery type (LiPo or NiCd/NiMh)
User programmable low voltage cutoff setting
User programmable factory default setting restore
User programmable timing settings (to enhance ESC efficiency and smoothness)
User programmable soft acceleration start ups (for delicate gearbox and helicopter applications)
User programmable governor mode (for helicopter applications)
User programmable motor rotation (clockwise\counterclockwise)
. User programmable switching frequency
10. User programmable low voltage cutoff type (power reduction or immediate shutdown)
оо моем
Settings:
1. Brake: ON/OFF
* ON-Sets the propeller to the brake position when the throttle stick is at the minimum position (Recommended for
folding props).
* OFF-Sets the propeller to freewheel when he throttle stick is atthe minimum position.
2. Battery type: LiPo or NiCad/NiMh
* NiCad/NiMh — Sets Low Voltage protec tion threshold for NiCad/NiMh cells.
* LiPo — Sets Low voltage protection threshold for LiPo ce lls and automatically detects the number of cells within the
pack.
Note: Selecting the NiCad/NiMh option for the battery type, triggers the ESC to automatically set the cutoff threshold
to the factory default of 65%. The cutoff threshold can then be subsequently altered through the Low Voltage
protection function, if required. The ESC will read the initial voltage of the NiCad/NiMh pack once it is plugged in and
the voltage read will then be used as a reference for the cutoff voltage threshold.
3. Low Voltage Protection Threshold (Cutoff Threshold):
Low / Medium / High
1) For Li-xx packs- number of cells are automatically calculated and requires no user input apart from defining the
battery type. This ESC provides 3 setting options for the low voltage protection threshold; Low (2.8V)/ Medium
(3.0V)/ High (3.2V). For example: the voltage cutoff optiongor an 11.1V/ 3 cell Li-Po pack would be 8.4V (Low)/ 9.0V
(Med)/ 9.6V (High)
2) For Ni-xx packs-low / medium / high cutoff voltages aré0%/65%/65% of the initial voltage of the battery pack. For
example: A fully charged 6 cell NiMh pack’ s voltage is 1.44Vx 6=8.64V,when "LOW" cutoff voltage is set, the cutoff
voltage is: 8.64V x 50%=4.3V and when “Medium” or "High" is set, the cutoff voltage is now 8.64V X 65%=5.61V.
4. Restore factory setup defaults:
Restore - Sets the ESC back to factory default settings;
Brake : Off
Battery type Detect : LiPo with Automatic Cell
Low voltage cutoff threshold: Medium (3.0V/65%)
Timing setup : Automatic
Soft Acceleration Start Up : Medium
Governor mode : OFF
Frequency : 16kHz
Low voltage cutoff type : Reduce power
5. Timing setup: Automatic / Low / High.
23
* Automatic — ESC automaticallydetermines the optimum motor timing
* Low (7-22 deg) — Setting for most 2 pole motors.
* High (22-30 deg)-setting for motors with 6 or more poles.
In most cases, automatic timing works well for all typesof motors. However for high efficiency we recommend the
Low timing setting for 2 pole motors (general in-runners)and high timing for 6 poles and above (general outrunners).
For higher speed, High timing can be set. Some motors require different timing setupstherefore we suggest you
follow the manufacturer recommended setup or uséhe automatic timing setti ng if you are unsure.
Note: Run your motor on the ground first after making any changes to your motor timing!
6. Soft Acceleration Start ups: Very Soft / Soft Acceleration/ Start Acceleration
* Very Soft — Provides initial slow1.5 sec ramp-up from start to full rpm intended to protect delicate gears from
stripping under instant load. This setting is recommended for either fixed wing models equipped with gearboxes and /
or helicopters.
* Soft Acceleration- Provides initial slow 1 sec ramp-up from start to full rpm. This setting is recommended for either
fixed wing models equipped with gearboxes and or helicopters.
* Start Acceleration — Provides quick a cceleration start ups with a linear throttle response. This is recommended for
fixed wing models fitted with direct drive setups.
7. Active RPM Control (Heli Governor Mode)
* RPM control off
* First range:There will be a 5-second delay from start to full rpm, but if the throttle is cutoffafter starting,then the
next startwill be as normal start.
* Second range: There will be a 15-second delay from start to full rpm, but if the throttle is cutoffafter starting,then
the next startwill be as normal start.
Note: Once the Governor Mode is enabled, the ESC s Brakeand Low Voltage Cutoff Type settings will automatically
be reset to No Brake and Reduce Power respectively regardless of what settings they were previously set.
8. Motor Rotation: Reverse
In most cases motor rotation is usually reversed byswapping two motor wiresHowever, in cases where the motor
cables have been directly soldered tothe ESC cables, motor rotation can be reversed by changing the value of
setting on the ESC.
9. Switching Frequency: 8 kHz/16kHz
* 8 kHz — Sets ESC switching frequency for 2 pole motors, e.g. in-runners.
* 16 kHz — Sets ESC switching frequency for motors with more than 2 poles, e.g. out-runners.
Although 16 kHz is more efficient withour Thrust motors, the setup
default is 8 kHz due to the higher RF noises caused at 16 kHz.
10. Low Voltage Cutoff Type: Reduce Power / Hard cutoff
* Reduce Power — ESC reduces motor power when the pre-set (recommended).
* Hard Cutoff — ESC instantly cuts motor power when the pre-set Low Voltage Protection Threshold value is reached.
Programming Mode Audible Tones
Programming Mode Audible [ones | ESC Functions |
0 Throttle Calibration _ |
(within the first45ec » 9 9 8 |
24
Y Y Y Y МУ Y Y
YY Y MX Y Y Y
Irst range
second
Using Your New ESC
Improper polarity or short circuit willdamage the ESC therefore it is your responsibility to double check all plugs for
proper polarity and firm fit BEFORE connecting the battery pack.
Alert Tones
The ESC is equipped with audible alert tones toindicate abnormal conditions at power up.
If the ESC can’t enter into working mode after powering up, indicates that you have not setup throttle calibration.
1. Continuous beeping tone (****) — Indicates that th rottle stick is not in the minimum position.
2. Single beeping tone followed by a one second pause (* * * *) - Indicates that the battery pack voltage is not
within the acceptable range. (The ESC automatically checks and verifies the battery voltage once the battery is
connected).
3. A single beeping tone followed by a short pause (* * * *) — Indicates thathe ESC is unable to detect the
normal throttle signal from the receiver.
Built-in Intelligent ESC Safety Functions
1. Over-heat protection: When the tem perature of ESC exceeds 110 deg C, the ESC will reduce the output power to
allow it too cool.
2. Lost Throttle signal protection: The ESC will automatically reduces output power to the motor when it detects a lost
25
of throttle signal for 2 second, asubsequent loss of throttle signalbeyond 2 seconds, will cause the ESC
automatically to cut power to the motor.
Powering up the ESC for the first time and setting the Automatic Throttle Calibration
The ZTW ESC features Automatic Throttle Calibration to attain the smoothest throttle response and resolution
throughout the entire throttle range of your transmitter. This step is done once to allow the ESCto “learn and
memorize” your Transmitter s throttle output signal s and only repeated if you change your transmitter.
1. Switch your Transmitter ON and set the throttle stick to its maximum position.
2. Connect the battery pack to the ESC. Wait for about 2 seconds, the motor will beep for twice, then put the throttle
in the minimum position, the motor will also beep, which indicates that your ESC has got the signal range of the
throttle from your transmitter.
The throttle is now calibrated and your ESC is ready for operation.
Normal ESC start up procedure:
. Switch your TransmitterON and set the throttle to its minimum position.
2. Connect the battery pack the ESC. | | BE
3. When the ESC is first powered up, it emits two sets of audible tones insuccession indicating the status of its
fogramiming state. | ,
* The first set of tones denotes the number of cells in the LiPo pack connected to the ESC. (Three beeps (***)
indicates a 3 cell LiPo pack while 4 beeps (****) indicates a 4 cell LiPo pack). ;
* The second set denoting Brake status. One beep (*) for Brake "ON" and two beeps (**) for Brake "OFF" .
*The ESC is now ready for use.
Entering the Programming Mode:
1. Switch your TransmitterON and set the throttle to itmaximum position.
2. Connect the battery pack to the ESC. }
3. Wait until you hear two short beeps (_ _**) confirming that the ESC has now entered the programming mode.
4. If within 5 seconds, the throttle stick is lowered to its minimum position, an audible tone isemitted confirming
that the throttle calibrationsetting has changed. If the throttle stick is left in the maximum position beyond 5
seconds, the ESC will begin the sequence from one function and its associated setting options to another.
(Please refer to the table below to cross reference the functions with the audible tones).
5. When the desired tone for the func tion and setting option is reached, move the throttle stick down to itsminimum
position. ESC will emit two beeps (**)confirming the new setting has been stored.
6. The ESC only allows the setti ng of one function at a time.
Therefore should you require making changes to other functiondisconnect the battery pack and wait 5 seconds
to reconnect the battery and repeat the above steps.
General Safety Precautions
Do not install the propeller (fixed wing) or drive pinion (helicopter) on the motor when you test the ESC
and motor for the first time to verify the correct settings on your radio. Only install your propeller or
pinion after you have confirmed that the settings on your radio is correct.
Never use ruptured or punctured battery cells.
Never use battery packs that are known to overheat.
Never short circuit battery or motor terminals.
Always use proper insulation material for cable insulation.
Always use propercable connectors.
Do not exceed the number of cells or servos specified by the ESC.
Wrong battery polarity will damage the ESC and void the warranty.
« Install the ESC in a suitable location with adequate ventilationfor cooling. This ESC has a built-in over heat cutoff
protection feature that will immediately cut power to the motor once the ESC temperature exceeds the 230 Deg
F/ 110 Deg C high temperature limit.
Use only batteries that are suppor ted y the ESC and ensure the correct polarity before connecting.
Switch your Transmitter ON and ensure t he throttle stick is in the minimu m position before connecting the battery
26
ck.
Never switch your transmitterOFF while the battery is connected to your ESC.
Only connect your battery pack just before flying anddo not leave your battery pack connected after flying.
Handle your model with extreme care once the battery pack is connected and keep away from the propeller at all
times. Never stand in-line or directlyin front of any rotating parts.
Do not immerse the ESC underwater while powered up.
Do fly at a designated flying site and abide by the rules and guidelines set by your flying club.
Troubleshooting:
Issue Possible Reason Action
vos nro wars, Bute 1° TE | The ESC throttle calibration has not set | Set up the ESC throttle calibration.
detection of the number of cells up.
after powering up ESC.
"Motordoesn t work and no audible] Foor/Toose Clean connector terminals or
tone emitted after connecting the | Connection replace connector.
battery. Servos are not working between battery
either. Pack and ESC,
No power DE with a freshly charged
————— o RSS e
| Poor soldered connections (dry joints] | Re-solder the cable connections
Wrong battery cable polarity Check and verity cable polarity
ESC throttle cable connected to receiver | Check the ESC cable connected
in the reverse polarity to the ESC to ensure the
connectors are in the correct
| polarity.
| Fauity ESC Replace ESC
tone emitted after connecting the | and motor replace connectors
battery BUT servos are working. Burnt motor coils Replace motor —
Motor doesn” t work after powering Poor soldered connections{dry joints] | Re-solder the cable connections
up the ESC. An alert tone withtwo | The battery pack voltage is not within
beeping bones followed by a short | the acceptable range. Replace with a freshly charged
pause (** ## ####) is emitted. optar pac
Check battery pack voltage
‘Motor doesn’ t work after powering] Ihe ESC IS unable to detect the normal | Check and verity that the Est
up the ESC. An alert tone with a throttle signal from the receiver cable is connected to the Throttle
single beeping tone followed by a channel on the receiver.
short pause Check the transmitter and receiver
(* **¥) jis emitted. to rity that there is throttle signal
output.
(Connect a spare servo to verify
| | throttle channel operation)
Motor doesn tworkafter powering| The throttle stick is not in the minimum | Move the throttle stick to the
up the ESC .An alert tone with position at power up. minimum position.
continuous seeping tones
(***¥*) is emitted.
27
Motor doesn {work after powering
up the ESC. ESC emits two long
audible tones followed by two short
beeps[ _**)
Keversed throttie channel caused the
ESC to enter the programming mode.
enter the servo reverse menu on
your transmitter and reverse the
throttle channel.
Mote: For Futaba radios set the
throttle channel to Reverse.
Issue Possible Reason Action
Motor runs in reverse rotation Motor Wrong cables polarity between the ESC Swap any two of the three cable
stops running in flight. and the motor. connections between the ESC
and the Motoror access the
Motor Rotation function via the
ESC programming mode and
change the pre-set parameters.
Lost throttle signal
Check proper operation of the
radio equipment.
Check the placement of the ESC
and the Receiver and check the
route of the receiver’ s aerial and
ESC cables to ensure there is
adequate separation to prevent
RF interference.
Install a ferrite ring on the ESC s
throttle cable.
Battery Pack voltage has reached the
Low Voltage Protection threshold.
Land the model immediately and
replace the battery pack.
Possible bad cable connection
Che ck and verify the integrity of
the cable connections
Motor restarts abnormally ESC Possible RF The normal operation of the
Overheats Interference at the ESC may be susceptible to
flying field. surrounding RF interference.
Restart the ESC to resume
normal operation on the ground
to verify recurrence. If the
problem persists, test the
operation of the ESC at a
different flying field.
Inadequate Helocate the to allow better
Ventilation ventilation
Servos drawing too much current and
over loading the ESC.
Use servos that are adequately
sized for the ESC. The
maximum BEC current drawn
should be within the BEC limits.
Over sized motor or prop
Frop down or resize the motor
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