Section 09 91 00 Painting

Section 09 91 00 Painting
York University
Building Standards
Draft 1.4
page 1 Section 09 91 00
Note to the Designer/Architect/Engineer: These Specifications are basic minimum criteria to be met in
preparing the final project specifications for this section, which is the responsibility of the Designer
York University Building Standards
1.1 Scope of Work
1.2 Guideline Principles
1.3 Sustainable Design Requirements
1.4 Submittals
1.5 Related York University Standards & Guidelines
1.6 Performance Standards (References)
1.7 Qualifications
1.8 Warranty (Standard Warranty and Extended Warranty)
1.9 Handling and Storage
2.1 General Requirements
2.2 Quality Assurance
2.3 Mixes and Colouring
2.4 Colours
2.5 Accessories
3.1 General Requirements
3.2 Coordination
3.3 Preparation of Surface
3.4 Application
3.5 Mechanical and Electrical Equipment
3.6 Paint and Finish Schedule
3.7 Cleaning
Prepared by: Paul Mayol, Project
Manager, Office of the Vice
President Finance and
2012-­‐03-­‐15 Reviewed by: Steve Sicluna,
Director, Maintenance, CSBO
Authorized by: Richard Francki,
Assistant Vice President Campus
Services and Business
York University Building Standards Project York University
Building Standards
Draft 1.4
page 2 Section 09 91 00
Scope of Work
Guideline Principles
This York University Building Standard includes, covers:
materials, equipment, tools and labour required for finish painting of
interior and exterior building surfaces
field painting of exposed bare and covered pipes, conduits, hangers
exposed steel and iron work, and primed metal surfaces of equipment
installed under the mechanical and electrical standards
This York University Building Standard does not cover:
Shop priming of ferrous metal items and fabricated components
Pre-finished items
Integrally coloured CMU or face brick
Metal or phenolic core toilet partitions
Acoustical materials
Anodized aluminium
Stainless steel
Do not paint over any:
Moving parts or operating units
Equipment identification
Way finding, room numbers or other types of signs
name or nomenclature signs
Code-required labels
Benjamin Moore paints shall be used exclusively for interior painting, no
substitutions shall be permitted
Sustainable Design Requirements
Provide documentation from the paint manufacture identifying the volatile organic
compounds (VOC) and chemical component limits for all indoor paints and
For indoor painting and finish work paints and finishes with a low or zero VOC
shall be used
If the project is seeking LEED Certification, materials used in this York University
Building standard must comply with the Green Seal Standard, for paints, GS-11,
requirements for VOC and chemical component limits
Interior Non-Flat
Exterior non-flat
Interior flat
Exterior flat
All types
2012-­‐03-­‐15 VOC (g/l grams/litre)
150 g/l
200 g/l
50 g/l
100 g/l
Shall contain no more than 1.0% by weight of the
York University Building Standards Project York University
Building Standards
Draft 1.4
page 3 Section 09 91 00
sum total of Aromatic Compounds
Please use most up to date requirements for VOC emissions from Green Seal web site
Related York University Standards
2012-­‐03-­‐15 Steel Doors and Frames Section 08 11 00
Wood Doors and Frames Section 08 14 00
Interior Signage Standards Guideline 2004
Metal Supports for Gypsum and Cement Board Section 09 21 00
Performance Standards References
Submit three (3) sets of paint samples with scheduled colour product type, colour
formula, and texture to simulate actual conditions of use on a 304 mm X 304 mm
hardboard for review
Resubmit samples, if requested, until the required sheen, colour, and texture is
On the actual wall surfaces and other building components, duplicate painted
finishes of the acceptable samples
On a wood surface, provide a 102mm X 204mm samples of each natural and
stained wood finish
At the beginning of project, provide a complete list of the manufacturer’s
products, colour identification numbers, manufacturer technical data sheets,
MSDS Sheets that will be applied in the project. A copy of this list shall be
provided to the York University Project Representative, and CSBO Maintenance
Canadian General Standards Board, CAN/CGSB-85.100. 93 Painting
Canadian General Standards Board, CAN/CGSB-85. 10 Protective Coating for
Ontario Building Code (applicable sections of the latest iteration)
Green Seal Standard, for paints, GS-11
Master Painters Institute (MPI) list of approved products
American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM E84 Standard Test Method for
Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
Canadian Painting Contractors Association Painting Specifications Manual, latest
edition, available from the Ontario Painting Contractors Association (OPCA)
Steel Structures Painting Council SSPC-PT2-82 Standard Method of Evaluating
Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces
Steel Structures Painting Council SSPC-SP1-82 (R2004) Solvent Cleaning
Steel Structures Painting Council SSPC-SP 7/NACE no. 4-07 Brush-off blast
American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM D523 – 08 Standard Test
Method for Specular Gloss
York University Building Standards Project York University
Building Standards
page 4 Section 09 91 00
The work covered by this section shall be undertaken by skilled labour and in
accordance with known industry best practices and the instructions of the
manufacturer of the products being used
Qualifications of Applicators: applicators shall have minimum 5 years proven and
satisfactory painting experience of projects of similar size and class subject to
York University’s approval
Warranty (Standard Warranty and Extended Warranty)
Draft 1.4
Warranty work covered in this standard for a period of 2 years
Throughout the warranty period, painting systems shall remain free from failure
due to causes including: material failure; surface preparation less than that
specified; and paint film thickness less than that specified, or when not specified,
less than that coverage recommended by manufacturer
Presence of any of the following during the warranty period shall constitute
failure: visible corrosion, film peeling, blistering, checking, scaling, embrittling or
general film disintegration, and poor adhesion as determined by tape “peel-off”
test procedures
Handling and Storage
Store materials (paints, finishes etc.) in one place that has been designated by
the York University Project Representative. Keep the storage area clean, the
temperature in this storage area shall be maintained at between 10°C and 26°C
Store packaged materials, undamaged, in their original wrapping or containers
with manufacturers’ labels and seals intact. Manufacturer’s labels shall indicate:
the manufacturer’s name, type of paint, manufacturers’ stock number, colour
name and/or code, contents by volume (for pigment and vehicle constituents)
and thinning and application
At the end of the project the assigned storage area shall be returned to the
University in its original clean and tidy condition, free of paint traces and other
Exercise extreme caution in the storage of materials to prevent fire or that may
create fire hazards. Thinners and solvents shall be stored in CSA approved
metal safety containers in accordance with governing fire and safety regulations
Keep waste rags in metal drums containing water and remove from work site at
the end of each workday
Conform to OPCA Manual
General Requirements:
2012-­‐03-­‐15 Use only products that are listed in Chapter 5 of the OPCA Manual, or on the
CGSB or the MPI qualified list of products and that are conforming to the
standards listed in this document
Materials that do not display the manufacturer’s standard identification are not
York University Building Standards Project York University
Building Standards
Draft 1.4
page 5 Section 09 91 00
All paint materials must conform to regulatory requirements for surface burning
(flame spread, flame spread index, smoke development index and resultant
flame spread rating) characteristics. Minimum requirement shall be Class A
flame spread rating in accordance with NFPA and testing to ASTM E84
Paints and finishes must be lead free
All colours and sheen shall be reviewed and authorized by the York University
Project Representative, Consultant, Architect, Engineer or the York University
agent having designated authority
Provide safe and adequate equipment=, scaffolding, ladders, plant, tools,
brushes, rollers, clean drop cloths and other items required for the completion of
the work
Acceptable products: as manufactured by:
Quality Assurance
Do not apply finishes in areas where dust is being generated
Maintain product, surface and ambient air temperature at a minimum of 10°C for
latex based paints and a minimum of 7°C for solvent based paints
Do not paint over rust, dust, scale, grease, moisture, scuffed surfaces or
conditions otherwise detrimental to the formation of a durable paint film
Maintain ambient relative humidity below 80% during application
Provide adequate ventilation during and after application
Do not permit the installation of fixtures and fittings until materials are cured
Smoking is not permitted on job site
Work shall be undertaken using ambient illumination that is similar to final lighting
Conform to OPCA Manual
2.3 Mixes and Colouring
Paint products shall be delivered factory pre-mixed, except for those, which have
several components, which are to be mixed on site as per manufacturer’s
Mix the pigments and tint using non-ferrous metal or plastic containers of
appropriate size, using the pigments as recommended by the manufacturer for
each colour and type
To be selected by the York University Project Representative, Consultant,
Architect, Engineer or the York University agent having designated authority from
the acceptable product’s manufacturers’ colour chart
Where required use Type ADH .1B – Latex based contact cement adhesives,
contact adhesives, water and synthetic rubber latex based, high solids, applied
by roller, brush or spraying
2012-­‐03-­‐15 General
York University Building Standards Project York University
Building Standards
2012-­‐03-­‐15 Painting
Draft 1.4
page 6 Section 09 91 00
Carry out preparation, priming, finishing, protection and cleaning work in
accordance with trade accepted best practices and the manufacturer’s
instructions as well as applicable standards
Ensure that all defects such as streaks, patches and other imperfections and
defects have been repaired adequately and surfaces are clean and in proper
condition and all other factors such as temperature and ventilation are
appropriate fort the work.
Check humidity level of the substrate with an electronic moisture meter do not
apply finish if the rate of relative humidity is higher than the levels prescribed by
the paint or finish manufacturer or higher than 12 to 15%
Check surfaces to determine if pH of surfaces meets the manufacturer’s
Inspect surfaces to be painted for gouges, marks, nibs, and other defects and
properly prepare patching, filling, smooth or other surface preparation necessary
to ensure satisfactory finish
Do not apply paint on sealants, unless they are compatible. Modified latex
elastomer sealants can receive paint, but only 3 weeks after application of the
Mask surfaces to receive joint sealers
Allow the necessary cure time (as per paint or finish manufacturers’ instructions)
between applications of subsequent layers or coats
Match the finished work to the approved samples: obtain uniform thickness,
sheen, colour, pattern and texture throughout the painted/finished area, and
make free from defects detrimental to the appearance or performance
Paint all primed, or unprimed metals and galvanized or zinc-wiped metal
surfaces, unless otherwise indicated
Touch up and refinish all deficiencies. If finished work is deemed to be
unsatisfactory by the York University Project representative, repaint the entire
surface that has been deemed unacceptable
Paint edges of openings made in gypsum panels before installing access panels
or mechanical and electrical equipment, if applicable
Ensure perimeter of rooms with suspended ceilings is painted at least 100mm
above the ceiling line
In the case of local repairs, determine in concert with York’s Project
Representative the total area to be painted / refinished.
In the case of local repairs, spray painting applications shall only be permitted
when large areas or complete rooms are to be painted, and then only when dust
and mist protection for adjacent equipment and surfaces are in place. Verify
these conditions with the York Project representative prior to start of work
Protect all existing or new surfaces from paint splatter and other damage
resulting from the work. Use protection canvases and non-staining removable
masking tape in sufficient quantities
Protect using canvases, masking tape or other appropriate means, or coordinate
with York’s Project Representative to computer workstations, printers, scanners
and other hardware pieces and all other prefinished adjacent elements, such as
apparatus, equipment or accessories removed from the area where painting is to
be undertaken. After painting the area, remove protective coverings and tape,
touch-up if necessary and clean adjacent areas so that these are returned to
their initial state
Use only clean equipment in good working order
York University Building Standards Project York University
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Paint glazing beads and trims before installation of the glazing
Paint backer boards before installation of mechanical and electrical equipment
Do not paint over labels, way finding or other type of signs, name or instruction
Conform to OPCA Manual
Ensure that new concrete work that is scheduled to be painted has been cured
as required, and does not have any curing agents that are detrimental to the
finishes to be applied
Coordinate with subsequent trades (through the York University Project
Representative), to ensure that other related work does not commence before
finishes are completely cured
Ensure that the substrates are prepared adequately; if they are factory primed, to
ensure they have compatible primers
Paint and finishing work shall be scheduled to be completed before installation of
equipment, fixtures, fitting and application of other finishes for floors, walls and
ceilings. Undertake necessary repairs to painted surfaces after the installation of
the latter. Coordinate with the York University Project Representative
Preparation of Surface
Prepare and prime all surfaces as per manufacturer’s instructions
Patch and repair, if necessary, then sand and adequately clean existing painted
Prepare masonry surfaces as per CAN/CGSB-85-100
Prepare drywall surfaces as per CAN/CGSB-85-100. Fill minor cracks with
plaster patching compound
Touch-up shop paint primer on steel as per CAN/CGSB-85-10
Prepare galvanized steel and zinc coated surfaces as per CAB/CGSB-85-10,
cleaning and removing grease with a metal conditioner
Prepare copper pipes and couplings as per CAN/CGSB-85-10
Prepare woo surfaces as per CAN/CGSB-85-100 and apply wood paste filler to
nail holes and cracks
Conform to OPCA Manual
All paints shall be applied evenly without streaks, runs, misses, brush marks or
other defects. The paint film must adhere uniformly and strongly.
Apply additional coats of paint to finished section, if defects appear
Apply additional primer coats to all encased structural elements
Always sand and dust between subsequent coats and remove defects visible
from distance up to 1500mm
Finish doors and frames with a brush or a spray gun:; other surfaces may be
painted by roller
Finish bottoms, edges, tops and cutouts of doors and touch-up after installation,
as specified for door surfaces
Apply paint of similar properties and matching the existing in at least two finishing
coats on existing painted surfaces
2012-­‐03-­‐15 York University Building Standards Project York University
Building Standards
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Apply at least two coats of paint over the primer and base coats, for all new
surfaces to be painted, unless instructed (in writing) by the York Project
Paint all unfinished metal inserts in concrete, or other surfaces in such a manner
as to match the background texture and sheen, to the York Project
Representative’s satisfaction
In general, do not paint over sealants, except if sealant and paint/finishes are
compatible and when the sealant has set completely (as per manufacturers
Conform to OPCA Manual
Sand existing finish, wipe off dust and grit before prime coat application. Putty
nail holes and minimal cracks after primer has fully dried; sand between primer
and top coats with No. 300 sandpaper and remove dust
Mechanical and Electrical and metal Equipment
Keep sprinkler heads free of paint
Apply cold phosphate surface treatment to SSPC-PT2-82 to unpassivated zinccoated metal
For passivated zinc-coated metal (“white rusted”), power wire brush or vigorously
hand wire brush to scuff galvanize thoroughly, and solvent clean to SSPC-SP182 (R2004)
Prepare exterior exposed galvanized steel and galvanized steel at wet areas to
SSPC-SP 7/NACE No. 4-07 – Sweep Blast
Paint all unfinished exposed and unexposed equipment, piping, conduits,
hangers, etc. occurring in finished and unfinished areas; colours and texture to
match adjacent surfaces, except as noted otherwise by the York Project
Representative. Above ceiling spaces are not considered finished areas, but
equipment therein is not considered to be exposed.
Paint inside ductwork where visible (at egg crates, diffusers and other openings)
with primer and one coat of matt black paint
Leave pre-finished equipment, piping, conduits, hangers, etc., in original finish
and touch up scratches and marks in unfinished areas
Remove all cover plates and other removable mechanical and electrical
equipment and reinstall after all paint is completely dry
Paint and Finish Schedule
Metal Doors, and metal door frames
Wood Doors and wood door frames
Non-galvanized metal pipes
Roof, wall or ground mounted equipment
New surfaces shall have one (1) coat of primer and two (2) finish coats of paint
Existing surfaces shall have a minimum of two (2) finish coats of paint
If sprayed, all walls, except mechanical rooms, storage areas, closets and ceilings, shall be backed
rolled on final coat
Patch painting is NOT acceptable, total affected area shall be painted. Terminate painting only at
corners or joints
2012-­‐03-­‐15 York University Building Standards Project York University
Building Standards
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Interior paint: Premium Grade Paint
Exterior paint: Premium Grade Paint
Gloss terms have following values in accordance with ASTM D523-08
Gloss Term
Gloss Units @60° Angle
Level 1 – Matte
>0 to 5 Level
Level 2 – High Sheen; Flat, velvet
0 to 10 Level
Level 3 – Traditional Eggshell
10 to 25 Level
Level 4 – Satin
20 to 35 Level
Level 5 – Traditional Semi-gloss
35 to 70 Level
Level 6 – Traditional Gloss
70 to 85 Level
Level 7 – High Gloss
Interior Finishes
Plaster, Drywall (Gypsum Board)
During work, clean all paint marks and droppings with appropriate solvents
recommended by the paint/finish manufacturer. Repair surfaces marked or
damaged by paint
Upon completion of painting, remove all paint marks and protection from floors,
hardware, etc., so as to leave all surfaces clan and in perfect condition
Conform to OPCA Manual
End of Section
2012-­‐03-­‐15 York University Building Standards Project 
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