Техническое описание R S DST 200

Техническое описание R S DST 200
Product Brochure | 01.00

Test & Measurement
R&S®DST200
RF Diagnostic Chamber
Accurate radiated ­testing
of wireless devices
700 MHz to 6 GHz
R&S®DST200
RF Diagnostic
Chamber
At a glance
The R&S®DST200 RF diagnostic chamber – the ideal
environment for RF analysis during development –
supports a wide range of radiated test ­applications
for wireless devices. It fits on the workbench of
­every R & D lab and is therefore always available
­during the product design and optimization phase.
The R&S®DST200 effectively assists in achieving
high first-time pass rates at final type approval,
which saves time and money.
2
Wireless devices of high quality have to pass special radiated test procedures such as desense and coexistence tests
to ensure operation without self-interference. In addition,
verifying the over-the-air (OTA) performance and measuring
the radiated spurious emissions (RSE) are mandatory.
The R&S®DST200 supports radiated test requirements at
the R & D, quality assurance, production, and service levels.
Compared with applications using large EMC anechoic
chambers, the test setup including the R&S®DST200 is
compact and easy to operate. Consistent and comparable
result data is generated.
Key facts
❙❙ Anechoic RF chamber with highly effective shielding
> 110 dB for interference-free testing in unshielded
environments
❙❙ Wide frequency range from 700 MHz to 6 GHz covering
all important wireless standards
❙❙ High reproducibility due to excellent uniformity of field
distribution at equipment under test (EUT) location
❙❙ Small size suitable for any lab environment
❙❙ Matchless mechanical design provides long-term stability
and maintains the shielding effectiveness
❙❙ Easy opening and closing of door: no need for pneumatic
components
R&S®DST200
RF Diagnostic
Chamber
Benefits and
key features
Shorter ­product d
­ evelopment p
­ rocess ensures
faster time-to-­market
❙❙ Lower total cost of ownership
❙❙ Compact dimensions – suitable for every R & D lab
▷▷ page 4
Future-ready design
❙❙ Multiple feedthrough panels – functional test ­interfaces
❙❙ Easy integration of RF preamplifiers and s­ witching
❙❙ Exchangeable test antenna
▷▷ page 5
Designed for ­excellent test ­results and
­repeatability
❙❙ Outstanding RF characteristics
❙❙ High field uniformity for variable EUT positions
❙❙ Manual 3D positioner
❙❙ Simple and effective front door mechanism
▷▷ page 6
Automated m
­ easurements with ready-to-use test
templates
❙❙ Radiated measurements at a mouse click
❙❙ Result documentation made easy
▷▷ page 8
Why are radiated tests vital?
Modern smart phones include complex technologies integrated in the
smallest possible space. The RF section contains multistandard cellular
What is desense?
and wireless modules such as Bluetooth®, WLAN and GPS as well as
The term desense refers to the desensitization of receiver performance.
several integrated antennas. Display, camera, keyboard or touch screen
It is caused by interference between components created by effects
provide the interface to the user.
such as oscillator harmonics, internal noise on the printed board or
This mix of complex functional blocks has to be carefully harmonized to
­antenna crosstalk.
create a fault-free design. At an early stage of the development ­process,
The result is a reduced quality of service, e.g. dropped calls on specific
various radiated tests in free-space condition assist to achieve the
channels at the edge of n
­ etwork cells.
­required specifications:
❙❙ Receiver sensitivity tests disclose self-interference (desense) effects
of the design and additionally verify the coexistence of multiple radio
What is coexistence of radio services?
services
Coexistence means the simultaneous operation of multiple radio services
❙❙ Spatial tests of the total radiated power (TRP) and the total isotropic
sensitivity (TIS) verify the over-the-air (OTA) antenna performance and
of receiver performance. For example, harmonics of a GSM transmit
ensure a high quality of service at the edge of network cells
channel can disrupt a WLAN receive channel. As an effect, the quality of
❙❙ Measurements of the radiated spurious emissions (RSE) verify that
there is no interference to other radio services
in a wireless device. These services may cause mutual degradation
service deteriorates; disrupted data packets have to be repeated, which
lowers the data t­ hroughput.
Rohde & Schwarz R&S®DST200 RF Diagnostic Chamber 3
Shorter ­product
­development
­process ensures
faster time-to­market
Lower total cost of ownership
The design of cutting-edge wireless devices such as
multi­standard smart phones requires extensive test
and ­verification effort. When launching new models,
­manufacturers are constantly under pressure to maintain
and even ­expand their market position.
Therefore, a well-planned development process that
achieves a first-time pass for mobile phone type approval
is necessary. Radiated tests are essential during development and need special test tools and environments. For a
low total cost of ownership, both tools and environments
must be flexible enough to be applied at different sites.
Compact dimensions – suitable for every R & D lab
With its outstanding compact dimensions, the
R&S®DST200 easily fits on the workbench in every R & D
lab. Product optimization cycles do not require a
­ ccess
to external EMC anechoic chambers, which are o
­ ften a
­bottleneck.
Radiated testing during the development process ensures
faster time-to-market, reduces costs and helps to launch
the product on time.
Test tools and environments must work together to meet all requirements from R & D to type approval
–103.5
Sensitivity Threshold in dBm
–104.0
–104.5
–105.0
–105.5
QC
–––––
passed
–106.0
–106.5
–107.0
–107.5
–108.0
–108.5
–109.0
935
940
945
950
955
Frequency in MHz
959.8
¸DST200
¸R-Line compact test chamber
Platform design
Device design and optimization
Flexible application of test tools and environments
4
EMC test chamber
Type approval
First-time
pass!
Future-ready design
With a frequency range from 700 MHz to 6 GHz, the
R&S®DST200 can measure all common wireless standards.
The modular design with accessible top and bottom compartments provides flexibility to install additional hardware
for specific test demands. Due to this concept, the field
characteristics of the measurement area are not affected.
Multiple feedthrough panels – functional test
­interfaces
In many cases, tests require access to external interfaces
of the EUT. Typical test functions are charger operation,
control of the test mode interface or data throughput
­measurements as well as activation or deactivation of
components such as a display or a camera. The bottom
compartment provides three locations for installing various
RF feedthroughs and filtered lines:
❙❙ 9-pin D-Sub lowpass filter and two fiber-optic
feedthrough connectors (R&S®DST-B101 option)
❙❙ Two N feedthrough connectors (R&S®DST-B102 option)
❙❙ USB 2.0 lowpass filter (R&S®DST-B103 option)
Easy integration of RF preamplifiers and s
­ witching
An accessible compartment at the top of the R&S®DST200
enables the integration of RF circuits between the test
antenna and test instruments. For example, preamplifiers
may be used to extend the dynamic range for emission
measurements, or RF switching can be implemented to
distribute the test signal to different test instruments.
Exchangeable test antenna
The broadband test antenna is installed as one module
and can be easily replaced by other versions r­ equired for
­specific applications, such as for frequencies above 6 GHz.
Top compartment for integration of
RF circuits.
Bottom compartment contains RF
and signal feedthrough connectors
for conducted test operation.
Rohde & Schwarz R&S®DST200 RF Diagnostic Chamber 5
Designed for
­excellent test
­results and
­repeatability
Outstanding RF characteristics
The R&S®DST200 is a compact RF shielded anechoic
chamber with an integrated broadband test antenna
(700 MHz to 6 GHz ).
At the test position of the EUT, free-space conditions
are achieved by the optimized layout of pyramidal RF
­absorbers. They minimize parasitic loading of the EUT
and antenna detuning caused by conductive parts of the
chamber frame.
For example, testing the performance of GPS receivers
down to very low levels of –160 dBm requires perfect RF
shielding of the test setup. With its outstanding shielding
effectiveness of 110 dB, the R&S®DST200 blocks all
interferers present, either from adjacent test setups in the
lab, or from external sources such as base stations or TV
­transmitters.
High field uniformity for variable EUT positions
The circularly polarized test antenna provides high
­uniformity of the field at the EUT location. Reproducible
test results are obtained even when the position of the
EUT is slightly changed.
Maximum variation of electric field at cylindrical EUT volume above the
EUT table (D = 200 mm, H = 30 mm).
Spatial distribution of electric field radiated by the test antenna at two
­vertical planes; f = 950 MHz. The origin of the coordinate system is
­located in the center of the EUT table.
6
Typically, RF chambers with near-field antenna couplers
require a fixture for precise EUT positioning. With the
R&S®DST200, the wireless device is simply placed on the
table at the bottom of the chamber, without any need for
extensive position adjustments.
Manual 3D positioner
The product design process often requires measurements
at a specific orientation to verify and optimize the antenna
radiation pattern. An easy-to-operate 3D positioner 1) with
two rotation axes makes all orientations in the ­polar coordinate system possible. The open structure offers access
to buttons, switches or the touch screen to set specific
operating modes. Two scales with angle indication ensure
accurate positioning and test reproducibility.
The R&S®AMS32 system software supports interactive
testing with manual positioning and automated recording
of the test data.
Simple and effective front door mechanism
The R&S®DST200 maintains the excellent shielding
­effectiveness as a result of the unique design of the
front door locking mechanism 1). This concept supports
long-term operation without any need for pneumatic
­components.
With a simple turn of the opening/closing handle, the
­mechanically isolated door is locked into the groove of
the main frame. Abrasion or bending of the RF gaskets is
reduced, resulting in higher availability and lower service
costs.
The symmetrical design of the front door enables mounting
of the hinge for either left-hand or right-hand opening.
1)
Patent pending.
The 3D positioner with two rotation axes
permits any polar position relative to the
test antenna (R&S®DST-B150 option).
Front door locking mechanism.
Rohde & Schwarz R&S®DST200 RF Diagnostic Chamber 7
Automated
­measurements
with ready-to-use
test templates
Radiated measurements at a mouse click
The comprehensive R&S®AMS32 system software
­supports various test applications in the R&S®DST200
RF diagnostic chamber:
❙❙ Intermediate receiver sensitivity test for evaluation of
desense effects across the operating band
❙❙ Coexistence test between different wireless standards
(for example, LTE or GSM in the presence of Bluetooth®)
❙❙ Interactive verification of antenna radiation patterns
Radiated spurious emissions (RSE) can be measured
by using the R&S®EMC32 system software and the
R&S®EMC32-K2 option.
Test templates for all common wireless standards are
available for both R&S®AMS32 and R&S®EMC32. The
templates are ready to use without programming. The
­individual test plan for a test run is easily c
­ onfigured by a
menu-driven setup for parameters (such as cellular band,
channel list, power level).
Result documentation made easy
The integrated report function of the R&S®AMS32 and
R&S®EMC32 software collects all measured test data
such as graphics or numeric results, test environments,
EUT information and hardware setup in one document.
The ­report layout can be customized, and the result file is
saved in different standard formats.
The product optimization process for a wireless device
requires many cycles with repeated measurements of the
same test condition. The import and display of p
­ revious
­result graphs immediately show the effects of design
changes and improvements.
Using the R&S®AMS32 and R&S®EMC32 system software
for measurements with both the R&S®DST200 and larger
EMC chambers reduces operational costs and simplifies
the comparison of test results.
R&S®AMS32 configuration menu for
­desense and coexistence ­measurements.
8
The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are registered trademarks owned by
­Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by Rohde & Schwarz is under
­license.
Application
Radiated
­performance
test verifies
product quality
Desense test (self-interference)
Multistandard smart phones include many functional
blocks, integrated in the smallest possible space to meet
market requirements. The different components can
­interfere with each other; especially the performance of
the ­receiver part may be degraded. This effect is called
­desense and originates from oscillator harmonics or
­internal crosstalk in the printed board layout. Emissions
from the display, camera or other functional blocks can
also cause ­interference.
The desense measurement requires an active link with a
radiocommunication tester (such as the R&S®CMU200,
R&S®CMW500 or R&S®CBT) to provide the required
­cellular or wireless service. After the link is established,
either bit error rate (BER) or packet error rate (PER)
­measurements are performed while a potential interferer
is active (for example, the display).
Coexistence test
Another important design-relevant test is to verify the
­correct functioning of simultaneously operating radios in
the wireless device, such as multiband cellular engines,
GPS receiver, Bluetooth® or Wi-Fi. The usual test method
is to first set up a communications link with the presumed
interferer. Next, the possibly affected service is tested by
measuring the receiver degradation in the same way as for
the ­desense test.
Test cases for coexistence testing are required by the
CTIA wireless association and are specified in the “Test
Plan for RF Performance Evaluation of Wi-Fi Mobile
­Converged ­Devices”.
Test setup for desense measurements
with the R&S®CMW500.
Desense test result with self-interference
on two channels for a GSM 900 band.
Rohde & Schwarz R&S®DST200 RF Diagnostic Chamber 9
Measurement of radiated spurious emissions (RSE)
The frequency spectrum is a valuable resource for service
providers. The network capacity must not be degraded
by spurious emissions from wireless devices. Radiated
­harmonics and spurious emissions have to be tested in
line with the 3GPP and ETSI test specifications for cellular
or any other wireless standard. Further mandatory tests
are defined by the Federal Communications Commisson
(FCC) and the R&TTE directive.
Both the spurious emissions in the operating band and
the out-of-band emissions that may affect other services
have to be below a specified limit. In-band tests require
suppression of the carrier frequency to avoid o
­ verloading
of the test receiver input. The R&S®OSP-F7B modular ­filter
unit includes switchable notch filters that can be configured for specific operating bands. The R
­ &S®OSP-F7B
is simply inserted between the test antenna of the
R&S®DST200 and the input of the test receiver.
Verification of over-the-air (OTA) performance
For verification of the total radiated power (TRP) and total
isotropic sensitivity (TIS), as specified by CTIA (and similarly by 3GPP), the R&S®DST200 supports evaluation of both
the radiated pattern and the receiving characteristic. The
results correlate with those from larger over-the-air (OTA)
test chambers. The antenna design of a wireless ­device
can be optimized in the R & D lab without ­continuous
­access to external test chambers.
Example of antenna radiation pattern
Example of a GSM 850 RSE test with
for GSM 1900 for the receiver sensitivity,
a 3rd harmonic of the uplink carrier.
three cuts (theta = 60°, 90° and 120°).
3rd harmonic at 2472 MHz
10
Specifications in brief
Specifications in brief
RF specifications
Frequency range
700 MHz to 6 GHz (higher frequencies on request)
Antenna polarization
circular
Shielding effectiveness
700 MHz ≤ f ≤ 3 GHz,
base unit with R&S®DST-B102 option
> 110 dB
3 GHz < f ≤ 6 GHz,
base unit with R&S®DST-B102 option
> 100 dB
Quiet zone
above EUT table, D × H (cylindrical)
200 mm × 30 mm (7.9 in × 1.2 in)
Field uniformity
max. field variation in quiet zone
< 3.2 dB (meas.)
R&S®DST-B102 option
2 × N, female
RF connectors
RF feedthrough connectors
Test antenna
1 × N, female
Feedthrough filters
Lowpass filter panel and fiber-optic interface
R&S®DST-B101 option
1 × 9-pin D-Sub, socket adapter, 2 × FSMA
USB lowpass filter panel
R&S®DST-B103 option
1 × USB 2.0 type A connector, female
General data
Weight
approx. 55 kg (approx. 121 lb)
Dimensions
W × H × D, with locking handle
770 mm × 760 mm × 695 mm
(30.3 in × 29.9 in × 27.4 in)
Max. EUT weight
allowed on EUT table, supplied with R&S®DST200 3 kg (6.6 lb)
base unit
Max. EUT dimensions
W×H×D
400 mm × 330 mm × 400 mm
(15.7 in × 13.0 in × 15.7 in)
Ordering information
Designation
Type
Order No.
R&S®DST200
1510.9047.02
R&S®DST200 Selection: Left-Hand Door Mounting
R&S®DST-S100A
1515.1396.02
R&S®DST200 Selection: Right-Hand Door Mounting
R&S®DST-S100B
1515.1396.03
Base unit
RF Diagnostic Chamber
Base unit configuration, mandatory
Hardware options
Filter Panel for R&S®DST200, 9-pin D-Sub, fiber-optic
R&S®DST-B101
1514.7778.02
Interface Panel for R&S®DST200, 2 × N, 2 × RF cable
R&S®DST-B102
1514.7784.02
Filter Panel for R&S®DST200, USB 2.0
R&S®DST-B103
1514.7790.02
3D Positioner for R&S®DST200
R&S®DST-B150
1515.1480.02
Over-the-Air (OTA) Performance Measurement Software 2)
R&S®AMS32
1508.6650.02
EMC Measurement Software 2)
R&S®EMC32-EB
1300.7010.02
R&S®DST-Z18
1515.1473.02
Software options
Recommended extras
RF Cable, 18 GHz, 1.5 m, 2 × N connectors, high shielding effectiveness
Application-specific options are additionally required. Please contact your local Rohde & Schwarz expert.
2)
For data sheet, see PD 5214.3600.22 and www.rohde-schwarz.com.
Your local Rohde & Schwarz expert will help you determine the optimum solution for your requirements.
To find your nearest Rohde & Schwarz representative, visit www.sales.rohde-schwarz.com
Rohde & Schwarz R&S®DST200 RF Diagnostic Chamber 11
Service you can rely on
J Worldwide
J Local
and personalized
and flexible
J Uncompromising quality
J Long-term dependability
J Customized
About Rohde & Schwarz
Rohde & Schwarz is an independent group of companies
specializing in electronics. It is a leading supplier of solutions in the fields of test and measurement, broadcasting, radiomonitoring and radiolocation, as well as secure
communications. Established more than 75 years ago,
Rohde & Schwarz has a global presence and a dedicated
service network in over 70 countries. Company headquarters are in Munich, Germany.
Environmental commitment
❙❙ Energy-efficient products
❙❙ Continuous improvement in environmental sustainability
❙❙ ISO 14001-certified environmental management system
Certified Quality System
ISO 9001
Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG
www.rohde-schwarz.com
Regional contact
❙❙ Europe, Africa, Middle East
+49 89 4129 137 74
[email protected]
❙❙ North America
1 888 TEST RSA (1 888 837 87 72)
[email protected]
❙❙ Latin America
+1 410 910 79 88
[email protected]
❙❙ Asia/Pacific
+65 65 13 04 88
[email protected]
R&S® is a registered trademark of Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG
Trade names are trademarks of the owners | Printed in Germany (ft)
PD 5214.3600.12 | Version 01.00 | June 2010 | R&S®DST200
Data without tolerance limits is not binding | Subject to change
© 2010 Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG | 81671 München, Germany
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