datasheet for SDM I 7P/90D

datasheet for SDM I 7P/90D
Halogen Free
Value Added SATA-Disk Module I
Specification for 7P/90D
March 1, 2011
Version 1.1
Apacer Technology Inc.
th
th
4 Fl., 75 Xintai 5 Rd., Sec.1, Hsichih, New Taipei City, Taiwan 221
Tel: +886-2-2698-2888
www.apacer.com
Fax: +886-2-2698-2889
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
Features:
Standard Serial ATA 1.0 (Gen. 1)
– ATA command set compatible
– SATAⅠ| 1.5 Gbps
– ATA operating mode supports up to:
PIO Mode-4
Multiword DMA Mode-2
Ultra DMA Mode-4
Connector type
– 7-pin signal connector
– 2-pin power connector
Low power consumption (typical)*
– Supply voltage: 5V
– Active mode: 196mA
– Idle mode: 124mA
Performance*
– Burst transfer rate: 150 MB/sec
– Sustained read: Up to 35 MB/sec
– Sustained write:
Standard: Up to 10 MB/sec
High Speed: Up to 10 MB/sec
Capacity
– Standard:
128, 256, 512 MB
1, 2, 8 GB
– High Speed:
256, 512 MB
1, 2, 4 GB
NAND Flash Type: SLC
Temperature ranges
– Operation: 0°C to 70°C
– Storage: -40°C to 100°C
Flash management
– Intelligent endurance design
Advanced wear-leveling algorithms
S.M.A.R.T.
Built-in hardware ECC
Enhanced data integrity
– Intelligent power failure recovery
– Enhanced security level
ATA Secure Erase
Halogen Free
*Varies from capacities.
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
Table of Contents
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................... 3
1.1 PERFORMANCE-OPTIMIZED CONTROLLER ............................................................................................... 3
1.1.1 Power Management Unit (PMU)................................................................................................... 3
1.1.2 SRAM Buffer ................................................................................................................................. 3
2. FUNCTIONAL BLOCK ............................................................................................... 4
3. PIN ASSIGNMENTS ................................................................................................... 5
4. CAPACITY SPECIFICATION ..................................................................................... 7
4.1 PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION .............................................................................................................. 7
4.1.1 ATA Mode Support ....................................................................................................................... 7
4.1.2 Performance ................................................................................................................................. 7
4.2 ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................................... 8
5. FLASH MANAGEMENT ............................................................................................. 9
5.1 INTELLIGENT ENDURANCE DESIGN .......................................................................................................... 9
5.1.1 Advanced wear-leveling algorithms .............................................................................................. 9
5.1.2 S.M.A.R.T. technology.................................................................................................................. 9
5.1.2 Built-in hardware ECC .................................................................................................................. 9
5.1.3 Enhanced data Integrity ................................................................................................................ 9
5.2 INTELLIGENT POWER FAILURE RECOVERY ............................................................................................... 9
5.3 ENHANCED SECURITY LEVEL ................................................................................................................ 10
5.3.1 ATA Secure Erase ...................................................................................................................... 10
6. SOFTWARE INTERFACE ....................................................................................... 11
6.1 COMMAND SET .................................................................................................................................... 11
7. ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION .............................................................................. 13
8. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS ............................................................................ 14
8.1 DIMENSION .......................................................................................................................................... 14
9. PRODUCT ORDERING INFORMATION ................................................................. 16
9.1 PRODUCT CODE DESIGNATIONS ........................................................................................................... 16
9.2 VALID COMBINATIONS .......................................................................................................................... 17
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
1. General Description
Apacer’s SATA-Disk Module (SDM) is a high-performance, embedded SSD designed to replace the
conventional SATA hard disk drive. SDM SSD can be plugged into a standard Serial ATA 7-pin connector
commonly found in desktops, IT-STB, industrial PC and thin client systems. Moreover, Apacer provides
an innovative way for design-in customers to strengthen the vibration-resistance between SDM and
mainboard.
Apacer’s SDM SSD has a built-in microcontroller with file management firmware that communicates with
SATA standard interface. This means SDM SSD does not require additional or proprietary host software
such as Flash File System (FFS) and Memory Technology Driver (MTD). This product is well suited for
embedded flash storage applications offering new and expanded functionalities as well as more costeffective designs, better performance and increased reliability.
SDM Series is designed to work at 5 Volts and uses a standard SATA driver that complies with major
operating systems such as the Windows series.
Featuring technologies as Advanced Wear-leveling algorithms, S.M.A.R.T, Enhanced Data Integrity,
Intelligent Power Failure Recovery, and ATA Secure Erase, Apacer assures users of a versatile device on
data storage.
1.1 Performance-Optimized Controller
The heart of an SATA-Disk Module is the Flash controller, which translates standard SATA signals into
the data and controls of the flash media. The SATA and Flash Management controller are specifically
designed to attain high data throughput from the host to the flash.
1.1.1 Power Management Unit (PMU)
The power management unit (PMU) controls the power consumption of the SATA-Disk Module. It can
dramatically extend product battery life by leaving the idle part of the circuitry into sleep mode. The PMU
has zero wake-up latency.
1.1.2 SRAM Buffer
The Flash Controller performs as a SRAM buffer to optimize the host’s data transfer to and from the flash
media.
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
2. Functional Block
The SATA-Disk Module (SDM) includes the SATA and Flash Management controllers, and flash media,
as well as the SATA standard interface. Figure 2-1 shows the functional block diagram.
Serial ATA
Interface
SATA
Controller
Flash
Management
Controller
Flash
Media
Flash
Media
Figure 2-1: Functional block diagram
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
3. Pin Assignments
Signal Pin 1
Table 3-1: Signal segment
Name
Type
S1
GND
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
RxP
RxN
GND
TxN
TxP
GND
Description
+ Differential Receive Signal
- Differential Receive Signal
- Differential Transmit Signal
+ Differential Transmit Signal
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
Figure 3-1 SATA Cable/Connector Connection Diagram
The connector on the left represents the Host with TX/RX differential pairs connected to a cable. The
connector on the right shows the Device with TX/RX differential pairs also connected to the cable. Notice
also the ground path connecting the shielding of the cable to the Cable Receptacle.
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
4. Capacity Specification
Capacity specification of the SATA-Disk Module (SDM) product family is available as shown in Table 4-1.
It lists the specific capacity and the default numbers of heads, sectors and cylinders for each product line.
Table 4-1: Capacity specifications
Capacity
Total bytes*
Cylinders
Heads
Sectors
Max LBA
128 MB
128,057,344
977
8
32
250,112
256 MB
256,901,120
980
16
32
501,760
512 MB
512,483,328
993
16
63
1,000,944
1 GB
1,024,966,656
1,986
16
63
2,001,888
2 GB
2,048,385,024
3,969
16
63
4,000,752
4 GB
4,096,253,952
7,937
16
63
8,000,496
8 GB
8,001,552,384
15,504
16
63
15,628,032
*Display of total bytes varies from file systems.
4.1 Performance Specification
4.1.1 ATA Mode Support
The SATA Disk Module supports the following ATA operating modes:
Supports up to PIO Mode-4
Supports up to Multi-word DMA Mode-2
Supports up to Ultra DMA Mode-4
4.1.2 Performance
Performances of both standard and high speed SATA-Disk Modules are listed below in table 4-2 and
table 4-3 respectively.
Table 4-2: Standard Performance
Capacity
128 MB / 256 MB / 512 MB / 1 GB
2 GB
8 GB
Sustained read (MB/s)
15
20
20
Sustained write (MB/s)
5
5
10
Performance
Table 4-3: High Speed Performance
Capacity
256 MB / 512 MB
Performance
4 GB
1 GB / 2 GB
Sustained read (MB/s)
25
35
Sustained write (MB/s)
7
10
Note: Performances vary from different configurations.
7
© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
4.2 Environmental Specifications
Environmental specification of the SATA-Disk Module (SDM) product family which follows the MIL-STD810F standards is available as shown in Table 4-4.
Table 4-4: Environmental specifications
Environment
Temperature
Specification
Operation
0°C to 70°C
Storage
-40°C to 100°C
Humidity
Vibration (Non-Operation)
Shock (Non-Operation)
5% to 95% RH (Non-condensing)
Sine wave: 10~2000Hz, 15G (X, Y, Z axes)
Half sine wave, Peak acceleration 50 G, 11 ms (X, Y, Z ; All 6 axes)
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
5. Flash Management
5.1 Intelligent Endurance Design
5.1.1 Advanced wear-leveling algorithms
The NAND flash devices are limited by a certain number of write cycles. When using a file system,
frequent file table updates is mandatory. If some area on the flash wears out faster than others, it would
significantly reduce the lifetime of the whole device, even if the erase counts of others are far from the
write cycle limit. Thus, if the write cycles can be distributed evenly across the media, the lifetime of the
media can be prolonged significantly. The scheme is achieved both via buffer management and Apacerspecific advanced wear leveling to ensure that the lifetime of the flash media can be increased, and the
disk access performance is optimized as well.
5.1.2 S.M.A.R.T. technology
S.M.A.R.T. is an acronym for Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology, an open standard
allowing disk drives to automatically monitor their own health and report potential problems. It protects the
user from unscheduled downtime by monitoring and storing critical drive performance and calibration
parameters. Ideally, this should allow taking proactive actions to prevent impending drive failure. Apacer
SMART feature adopts the standard SMART command B0h to read data from the drive. When the Apacer
SMART Utility running on the host, it analyzes and reports the disk status to the host before the device is
in critical condition.
5.1.2 Built-in hardware ECC
The SATA-Disk Module uses BCH Error Detection Code (EDC) and Error Correction Code (ECC)
algorithms which correct up to eight random single-bit errors for each 512-byte block of data. High
performance is fulfilled through hardware-based error detection and correction.
5.1.3 Enhanced data Integrity
The properties of NAND flash memory make it ideal for applications that require high integrity while
operating in challenging environments. The integrity of data to NAND flash memory is generally
maintained through ECC algorithms and bad block management. Flash controllers can support up to 8
bits ECC capability for accuracy of data transactions, and bad block management is a preventive
mechanism from loss of data by retiring unusable media blocks and relocating the data to the other blocks,
along with the integration of advanced wear leveling algorithms, so that the lifespan of device can be
expanded.
5.2 Intelligent Power Failure Recovery
The Low Power Detection on the controller initiates cached data saving before the power supply to the
device is too low. This feature prevents the device from crash and ensures data integrity during an
unexpected blackout. Once power was failure before cached data writing back into flash, data in the
cache will lost. The next time the power is on, the controller will check these fragmented data segment,
and, if necessary, replace them with old data kept in flash until programmed successfully.
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
5.3 Enhanced Security Level
5.3.1 ATA Secure Erase
Accomplished by the Secure Erase (SE) command, which added to the open ANSI standards that control
disk drives, “ATA Secure Erase” is built into the disk drive itself and thus far less susceptible to malicious
software attacks than external software utilities. It is a positive easy-to-use data destroy command,
amounting to electronic data shredding. Executing the command causes a drive to internally completely
erase all possible user data. This command is carried out within disk drives, so no additional software is
required. Once executed, neither data nor the erase counter on the device would be recoverable, which
blurs the accuracy of device lifespan. The process to erase will not be stopped until finished while
encountering power failure, and will be continued when power is back on.
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
6. Software Interface
6.1 Command Set
This section defines the software requirements and the format of the commands the host sends to the
SATA-Disk Module (SDM). Commands are issued to the SDM by loading the required registers in the
command block with the supplied parameters, and then writing the command code to the Command
register.
Table 6-1: Command set (1 of 2)
Command
1
2
3
4
5
6
Code
FR
SC
SN
CY
E5H or 98H
-
-
-
-
D
8
-
Execute-Drive-Diagnostic
90H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Erase Sector(s)
C0H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Flush-Cache
E7H
-
-
-
-
D
-
8
Check-Power-Mode
7
DH
LBA
Format Track
50H
-
Y
-
Y
Y
Y
Identify-Drive
ECH
-
-
-
-
D
-
Idle
E3H or 97H
-
Y
-
-
D
-
Idle-Immediate
E1H or 95H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Initialize-Drive-Parameters
91H
-
Y
-
-
Y
-
NOP
00H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Read-Buffer
E4H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Read-DMA
C8H or C9H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
C4H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Read-Sector(s)
20H or 21H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Read-Verify-Sector(s)
40H or 41H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Recalibrate
1XH
-
-
-
-
D
-
Request-Sense
03H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Security-Disable-Password
F6H
稊
稊
稊
稊
D
稊
Security-Erase-Prepare
F3H
稊
稊
稊
稊
D
稊
Security-Erase-Unit
F4H
稊
稊
稊
稊
D
稊
Security-Freeze-Lock
F5H
稊
稊
稊
稊
D
稊
Security-Set-Password
F1H
稊
稊
稊
稊
D
稊
Security-Unlock
F2H
稊
稊
稊
稊
D
稊
Seek
7XH
Read-Multiple
Set-Features
7
Y
EFH
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
-
-
-
D
-
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
Table 6-1: Command set (2 of 2)
Command
1
2
3
4
5
FR
SC
SN
CY
SMART
B0H
Y
Y
Y
Y
D
Set-Multiple-Mode
C6H
-
Y
-
-
D
-
Set-Sleep-Mode
E6H or 99H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Standby
E2H or 96H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Standby-lmmediate
E0H or 94H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Translate-Sector
87H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Write-Buffer
E8H
-
-
-
-
D
-
Write-DMA
CAH or CBH
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Write-Multiple
C5H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Write-Multiple-Without-Erase
CDH
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
30H or 31H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Write-Sector-Without-Erase
38H
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Write-Verify
3CH
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Write-Sector(s)
DH
6
Code
LBA
1. FR - Features register
2. SC - Sector Count register
3. SN - Sector Number register
4. CY - Cylinder registers
5. DH - Drive/Head register
6. LBA - Logical Block Address mode supported (see command descriptions for use)
7. Y - The register contains a valid parameter for this command.
8. For the Drive/Head register:
Y means both the SDM and Head parameters are used
D means only the SDM parameter is valid and not the Head parameter
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
7. Electrical Specification
Caution: Absolute Maximum Stress Ratings – Applied conditions greater than those listed under
“Absolute Maximum Stress Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating
only and functional operation of the device at these conditions or conditions greater than those defined in
the operational sections of this data sheet is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum stress rating
conditions may affect device reliability.
Table 7-1: Operating range
Ambient Temperature
0°C to +70°C
5V
4.5-5.5V
Table 7-2: Absolute maximum power pin stress ratings
Parameter
Symbol
Input Power
Voltage on any pin except VDD with respect to GND
VDD
V
Conditions
-0.3V min. to 6.5V max.
-0.5V min. to VDD + 0.5V max.
Table 7-3: Recommended system power-up timing
Symbol
Parameter
1
TPU-READY
1
TPU-WRITE
Power-up to Ready Operation
Power-up to Write Operation
Typical
Maximum
Units
200
200
1000
1000
ms
ms
1. This parameter is measured only for initial qualification and after a design or process change that could affect this parameter.
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
8. Physical Characteristics
8.1 Dimension
Signal Pin 1
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ± 0.25
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
GND
VCC (5V)
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ± 0.25
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
9. Product Ordering Information
9.1 Product Code Designations
A P – SDM x x x x C L X X S – K X
Flash Type
S: Samsung SLC
T: Toshiba SLC
Features
K: Value Added
Environmental Specification
S: Halogen-free
Configuration
S: Single Channel
D: Dual Channel
PCB Version
Controller Version
L: Bridge Solution
Package Modifier
C: 7P/90D without Housing
Capacity
128M: 128MB
256M: 256MB
512M: 512MB
001G: 1GB
002G: 2GB
004G: 4GB
008G: 8GB
Model Name
Apacer Product Code
16
© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
9.2 Valid Combinations
Capacity
Standard
High Speed
128MB
AP-SDM128MCLASS-KS
NA
256MB
AP-SDM256MCLASS-KS
AP-SDM256MCLADS-KS
512MB
AP-SDM512MCLASS-KS
AP-SDM512MCLADS-KS
1GB
AP-SDM001GCLASS-KS
AP-SDM001GCLADS-KS
2GB
AP-SDM002GCLASS-KS
AP-SDM002GCLADS-KS
4GB
NA
8GB
AP-SDM008GCLASS-KT
AP-SDM004GCLADS-KS
NA
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
Revision History
Revision
Date
Description
Remark
0.1
06/03/2009
Preliminary release
1.0
06/04/2009
Official release
1.1
03/01/2011
Updated Product Ordering Information
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
Value Added SATA-Disk ModuleⅠ
Ⅰ
AP-SDMxxxxCLAXS-KX
Global Presence
Taiwan (Headquarters)
Apacer Technology Inc.
th
th
4 Fl., 75 Xintai 5 Rd., Sec.1
Hsichih, New Taipei City
Taiwan 221
R.O.C.
Tel: +886-2-2698-2888
Fax: +886-2-2698-2889
[email protected]
U.S.A.
Apacer Memory America, Inc.
386 Fairview Way, Suite102,
Milpitas, CA 95035
Tel: 1-408-518-8699
Fax: 1-408-935-9611
[email protected]
Japan
Apacer Technology Corp.
5F, Matsura Bldg., Shiba, Minato-Ku
Tokyo, 105-0014, Japan
Tel: 81-3-5419-2668
Fax: 81-3-5419-0018
[email protected]
Europe
Apacer Technology B.V.
Aziëlaan 22,
5232 BA 's-Hertogenbosch,
The Netherlands
Tel: 31-73-645-9620
Fax: 31-73-645-9629
[email protected]
China
Apacer Electronic (Shanghai) Co., Ltd
1301, No.251,Xiaomuqiao Road, Shanghai,
200032, China
Tel: 86-21-5529-0222
Fax: 86-21-5206-6939
[email protected]
India
Apacer Technologies Pvt Ltd,
#1064, 1st Floor, 7th ‘A’ Main,
3rd Block Koramangala, Bangalore – 560 034
Tel: +91 80 4152 9061/62/63
Fax: +91 80 4170 0215
[email protected]
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© 2011 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 1.1
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