Dataman 48Pro2C Manual

Dataman 48Pro2C Manual
User manual for
DATAMAN-448PRO2
Super fast universal 4x 48-pindrive concurrent multiprogramming system with ISP capability
DATAMAN-48PRO2
Super fast universal 48-pindrive Programmer with USB/LPT interface and ISP capability
DATAMAN-48PRO2C
Super fast universal 48-pindrive Programmer with USB interface and ISP capability
DATAMAN-40PRO
Universal 40-pindrive Programmer with USB interface and ISP capability
DATAMAN-MEMPRO
Universal memory Programmer
nd
22 August 2014
1
COPYRIGHT 2014
Dataman Programmers Ltd
This document is copyrighted by Dataman Programmers Ltd, United Kingdom. All rights reserved. This
document or any part of it may not be copied, reproduced or translated in any form or in any way without
the prior written permission of Dataman Programmers Ltd.
The control program is copyrighted by Dataman Programmers Ltd. The control program or any part of it
may not be analyzed, disassembled or modified in any form, on any medium, for any purpose.
Information provided in this manual is intended to be accurate at the moment of release, but we
continuously improve all our products. Please check for an updated manual on our website at
www.dataman.com.
Dataman Programmers Ltd assumes no responsibility for misuse of this manual.
Dataman Programmers Ltd reserves the right to make changes or improvements to the product described
in this manual at any time without notice. This manual contains names of companies, software products,
etc., which may be trademarks of their respective owners. Dataman Programmers Ltd respects those
trademarks.
ZLI-0305E
2
How to use this manual
This manual explains how to install the control program and how to use your programmer. It
is assumed that the user has some experience with PCs and installation of software. Once
you have installed the control program we recommend you consult the context sensitive
HELP within the control program rather than the printed User manual. Revisions are
implemented in the context sensitive help before the printed User manual.
_____________________________________
We continuously update our manual. You may find the latest version from our website
(www.dataman.com).
3
Table of contents
How to use this manual ......................................................................................................................3
Introduction............................................................................................................................................7
Products configuration ........................................................................................................................9
PC requirements ...............................................................................................................................10
Free additional services:...................................................................................................................11
Quick Start............................................................................................................................................12
Detailed description ............................................................................................................................15
DATAMAN-448PRO2 ...........................................................................................................................16
Introduction .......................................................................................................................................17
DATAMAN-448PRO2 elements .......................................................................................................19
Manipulation with the programmed device ......................................................................................20
In-system serial programming by DATAMAN-448PRO2 ................................................................20
Selftest ..............................................................................................................................................23
Technical specification......................................................................................................................23
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C .....................................................................................30
Introduction .......................................................................................................................................31
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C elements ..................................................................33
Connecting DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C to the PC..............................................34
Manipulation with the programmed device ......................................................................................35
In-system serial programming by DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C ...........................36
Multiprogramming by DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C ..............................................38
Selftest ..............................................................................................................................................38
Technical specification......................................................................................................................39
DATAMAN-40PRO ...............................................................................................................................45
Introduction .......................................................................................................................................46
DATAMAN-40PRO elements ...........................................................................................................47
Connecting DATAMAN-40PRO to PC .............................................................................................48
Manipulation with the programmed device ......................................................................................48
In-system serial programming by DATAMAN-40PRO.....................................................................49
Selftest ..............................................................................................................................................50
Technical specification......................................................................................................................50
DATAMAN-MEMPRO...........................................................................................................................54
Introduction .......................................................................................................................................55
DATAMAN-MEMPRO elements.......................................................................................................56
Connecting DATAMAN-MEMPRO to PC.........................................................................................57
Manipulation with the programmed device ......................................................................................57
Selftest ..............................................................................................................................................57
Technical specification......................................................................................................................58
Setup .....................................................................................................................................................61
Software setup ..................................................................................................................................62
Hardware setup.................................................................................................................................68
PG4UW..................................................................................................................................................72
PG4UW-the programmer software...................................................................................................73
File.....................................................................................................................................................76
Buffer .................................................................................................................................................83
Device ...............................................................................................................................................90
Programmer ....................................................................................................................................120
Options ............................................................................................................................................126
Help .................................................................................................................................................139
4
PG4UWMC ......................................................................................................................................... 141
Common notes.................................................................................................................................. 159
Maintenance................................................................................................................................... 160
Software ......................................................................................................................................... 161
Hardware ........................................................................................................................................ 167
ISP (In-System Programming)....................................................................................................... 167
Other............................................................................................................................................... 169
Troubleshooting and warranty ....................................................................................................... 171
Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................. 172
If you have an unsupported target device ..................................................................................... 172
Warranty terms............................................................................................................................... 173
5
Conventions used in the manual
References to the control program functions are in bold, e.g. Load, File, Device, etc.
References to control keys are written in brackets <>, e.g. <F1>.
Terminology used in the manual:
Device
ZIF socket
Buffer
Printer port
USB port
HEX data format
any kind of programmable integrated circuits or programmable devices
Zero Insertion Force socket used for insertion of target device
part of memory or disk, used for temporary data storage
type of PC port (parallel), which is primarily dedicated for printer
connection.
type of PC port (serial), which is dedicated for connecting portable and
peripheral devices.
format of data file, which may be read with standard text viewers; e.g.
byte 5AH is stored as characters '5' and 'A', which mean bytes 35H and
41H. One line of this HEX file (one record) contains start address and
data bytes. All records are secured with checksum.
6
Quick Start
Introduction
7
This user manual covers the following programmers: DATAMAN-448PRO2,
DATAMAN-48PRO2, DATAMAN-48PRO2C, DATAMAN-40PRO and DATAMAN-MEMPRO
DATAMAN-448PRO2 is a super fast universal 4x 48-pindrive concurrent
multiprogramming system designed for high volume production programming with minimal
operator effort. The chips are programmed at near theoretical maximum programming speed.
Using build-in in-circuit serial programming (ISP) connectors the programmer is able to
program ISP capable chips in-circuit.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 is a super fast universal USB/LPT interfaced universal programmer and
logic IC tester with 48 powerful pindrivers. Using build-in ISP connector the programmer is
able to program ISP capable chips in-circuit. This design allows easily add new devices to the
device list. DATAMAN-48PRO2 is a true universal and a true low cost programmer, providing
one of the best "value for money" in today's market.
DATAMAN-48PRO2C is a cost effective version of DATAMAN-48PRO2 programmer
(without some special devices and LPT port interface). If you need program some of the
mentioned devices, please take a look at DATAMAN-48PRO2 programmer.
DATAMAN-40PRO is a small, fast and powerful USB interfaced programmer of all kinds of
programmable devices. Using build-in in-circuit serial programming (ISP) connector the
programmer is able to program ISP capable chips in-circuit. It has design, which allows easily
add new devices to the device list.
DATAMAN-MEMPRO is a small, fast and powerful USB interfaced programmer for EPROM,
EEPROM, Flash EPROM, NVRAM, serial EEPROM and static RAM tester.
DATAMAN-MEMPRO can be upgraded to DATAMAN-40PRO.
All our programmers work with almost any IBM PC Pentium compatible or higher, portable or
desktop personal computers. Programmers use the USB port or parallel (printer) port of PC.
All programmers function flawlessly on Windows operating system (see section PC
requirement).
All programmers are driven by an easy-to-use, control program with pull-down menus, hot
keys and online help. Control program is common for all the above mentioned programmers.
Advanced design, including protection circuits, original brand components and careful
manufacturing allows us to provide a three year warranty for DATAMAN-448PRO2,
DATAMAN-48PRO2, DATAMAN-48PRO2C and DATAMAN-40PRO and one year warranty
for DATAMAN-MEMPRO on parts and labour for the programmers (limited 25,000 cycle
warranty on ZIF socket). This warranty terms are valid for customers, who purchase a
programmer directly from Dataman company. The warranty conditions of Dataman
distributors may be different and depending the law system or reseller’s warranty policy.
8
Quick Start
Products configuration
*
DATAMAN-40PRO
DATAMAN-MEMPRO
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
DATAMAN-48PRO2
-
DATAMAN-448PRO2
programmer
USB cable
LPT cable
ISP cable
power cordset
internal power supply
external power supply
48 pins diagnostic POD – type I
40 pins diagnostic POD – type I
Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2
ZIF anti-dust cover
software CD
User manual
Quick Guide
brochure Notes about ESD
antistatic set
vacuum handling tool kit
sticker register your programmer
shipping case
DATAMAN-48PRO2C
Before installing and using your programmer, please carefully check that your package
includes all next mentioned parts. If you find any discrepancy with respective parts list and/or
if any of these items are damaged, please contact your distributor immediately.
-
*
-
-
-
-
4x
1x
1x
4x
-
optional accessories
9
-
PC requirements
DATAMAN-MEMPRO
-
DATAMAN-40PRO
-
DATAMAN-48PRO2
DATAMAN-48PRO2C
XP
C2D 2,6GHz
1000
1000
DATAMAN-448PRO2
OS - Windows
CPU
RAM [MB]
free disk space [MB]
USB 2.0 high speed
USB 1.1
LPT
CDROM
2x DATAMAN-448PRO2
Minimal PC requirements
2000
P4
1000
400
2000
P4
512
400
2000
P4
512
400
2000
P4
512
400
-
-
-
-
-
DATAMAN-448PRO2
DATAMAN-48PRO2
DATAMAN-48PRO2C
DATAMAN-40PRO
DATAMAN-MEMPRO
OS - Windows
CPU
RAM [MB]
free disk space [MB]
USB 2.0 high speed
2x USB 2.0 high
speed controllers
2x DATAMAN-448PRO2
Recommended PC requirements
Win 7
C2Quad
2000
2000
Win 7
C2D
1000
1000
Win 7
C2D
1000
1000
Win 7
C2D
512
1000
Win 7
C2D
512
1000
These PC requirements are valid for 3.02 version of control program for programmers (issued
17/DEC/2013) and above.
If two programmers are to be connected to a single PC, then we strongly recommend to
connect each programmer to separate USB 2.0 High speed controller (USB EHCI). For more
information see "Hardware setup" chapter.
10
Quick Start
Free disk space requirement depends also on used IC device size and number of attached
programming sites. For large devices the required free space on disk will be approximately
1000MB + 2x Device size x number of programming sites attached to this PC.
Very easy indication, if your PC in hardware/software configuration is good enough for the
current software version and current situation with PG4UW/PG4UWMC, is to run Windows
task manager (Ctrl+Alt+Del) and see the performance folder. It have to be max. 80% of CPU
usage at full run of programming system.
Note: For convenience, we suggest that you use a supplementary multi I/O card to provide
an additional printer port (LPT2 for example), in order to avoid sharing the same LPT port
between printer and programmer.
Free additional services:
free technical support (phone/fax/e-mail).
free lifetime software update via Web site.
Free software updates are available from our
Internet address www.dataman.com.
11
Quick Start
12
Quick Start
Installing programmer hardware
connect the USB (or LPT) port of programmer to a USB (or printer) port of PC using
supplied cable
connect the connector of the power supply adapter to the programmer or turn on
programmer by switch
Installing the programmer software
Run the installation program from the CD (Setup.exe) and follow the on-screen instructions.
For the latest information about the programmer hardware and software release, please visit
our website www.dataman.com.
Run the control program
Double click on
After start, control program PG4UW automatically scans all existing ports and searches for
any connected DATAMAN programmer. Program PG4UW is common for some the
DATAMAN's programmers, hence PG4UW will try to find all supported programmers.
Menu File is used for source files manipulation, settings and viewing directory, changes
drives, changes start and finish address of buffer for loading and saving files and loading and
saving projects.
Menu Buffer is used for buffer manipulation, block operation, filling a part of buffer with string,
erasing, checksum and of course editing and viewing with other items (find and replace
string, printing...).
Menu Device is used for a work with selected programmable device: select, read, blank
check, program, verify, erase and setting of programming process, serialization and
associated file control.
Menu Programmer is used for work with programmer.
Menu Options is used to view and change various default settings.
Menu Help is used for view supported devices and programmers and information about
program version.
Programming a device
1. select device: click on
2. load data into buffer:
a)
from file: click on
b)
from device: insert device to ZIF and click on
3. insert target device to ZIF
13
4. check, if the device is blank: click on
5. program device: click on
6. additional verify of device: click on
14
Detailed description
Detailed description
15
DATAMAN-448PRO2
16
DATAMAN-448PRO2
Introduction
DATAMAN-448PRO2 is very fast universal 4x 48-pindrive concurrent multiprogramming
system designed for high volume production programming with minimal operator effort. The
chips are programmed at near theoretical maximum programming speed.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 consist of four independent isolated universal programming modules,
based on the DATAMAN-48PRO2 programmer hardware. Therefore the sockets can run
asynchronously (concurrent programming mode). Each programming module starts
programming at the moment the chip is detected to be inserted in the socket properly independently on the status of other programming modules. It result three programming
modules works while you replace the programmed chip at the fourth.
Modular construction of hardware - the programming modules works independently - allows
for continuing operation when a part of the circuit becomes inoperable. It also makes service
quick and easy.
Hands-free operation: asynchronous and concurrent operation allows a chip to begin
programming immediately upon insertion of a chip. The operator merely removes the finished
chip and inserts a new chip. Operator training is therefore minimized...
DATAMAN-448PRO2 support all kinds of types and silicon technologies of today and
tomorrow programmable devices without family-specific module. You can be sure the next
devices support require the software update and (if necessary) simple package converter
(programming adapter), therefore the ownership cost are minimized.
Using built-in in-circuit serial programming (ISP) connector, the programmer is able to
program ISP capable chips in circuit.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 provide very competitive price coupled with excellent hardware design
for reliable programming. It has probably best "value for money" programmer in this class.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 provide very fast programming due to high-speed FPGA driven
hardware and execution of time-critical routines inside of the programmer. It is at least so fast
than competitors in this category, for many chips much faster than most competitors. As a
result, when used in production this programmer waits for an operator, and not the other way
round.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 interfaces with the IBM PC/compatible, portable or desktop personal
computers through USB (2.0) port.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 provides a banana jack for ESD wrist straps connection to easy-toimplement the ESD protection control and also other banana jack for earth wire.
FPGA based totally reconfigurable 48 powerful TTL pindrivers provide H/L/pull_up/pull_down
and read capability for each pin of socket. Advanced pindrivers incorporate high-quality highspeed circuitry to deliver signals without overshoot or ground bounce for all supported
devices. Pin drivers operate down to 1.8V so you'll be ready to program the full range of
today's advanced low-voltage devices.
17
DATAMAN-448PRO2 performs on each programming module device insertion test (wrong
or backward position) and contact check (poor contact pin-to-socket) before it programs
each device. These capabilities, supported by overcurrent protection and signature-byte
check help prevent chip damage due to operator error.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 have the selftest capability, which allows run diagnostic part of
software to thoroughly check the health of the each programming module.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 have a built-in protection circuits for eliminate damage of programmer
and/or programmed device due to environment or operator failure. All ZIF socket pins of
DATAMAN-448PRO2 programmer are protected against ESD up to 15kV.
When programming specification require, the (DATAMAN-448PRO2) programmer performs
programming verification at the marginal level of supply voltage, which, obviously, improves
programming yield, and guarantees long data retention.
Various socket converters are available to handle device in PLCC, SOIC, PSOP, SSOP,
TSOP, TSSOP, TQFP, QFN (MLF), SDIP, BGA and other packages.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 programmer is driven by an easy-to-use control program with pulldown menu, hot keys and on-line help. Selecting of device is performed by its class, by
manufacturer or simply by typing a fragment of vendor name and/or part number.
Standard device-related commands (read, blank check, program, verify, erase) are boosted
by some test functions (insertion test, signature-byte check), and some special functions
(autoincrement, production mode - start immediately after insertion of chip into socket).
All known data formats are supported. Automatic file format detection and conversion during
load of file.
The rich-featured autoincrement function enables to assign individual serial numbers to
each programmed device - or simply increments a serial number, or the function enables to
read serial numbers or any programmed device identification signatures from a file.
The software also provides a lot of information about programmed device. As a special, the
drawings of all available packages, explanation of chip labeling (the meaning of prefixes
and suffixes at the chips) for each supported chip are provided.
The software provide full information for ISP implementation: Description of ISP connector
pins for currently selected chip, recommended target design around in-circuit programmed
chip and other necessary information.
The remote control feature allows PG4UW software to be flow controlled by other
application – either using .BAT file commands or using DLL file. For DATAMAN-448PRO2 is
remote control limited for ISP programming only.
Jam files of JEDEC standard JESD-71 are interpreted by Jam Player. Jam files are
generated by design software which is provided by manufacturer of respective programmable
device. Chips are programmed in ZIF or through ISP connector (IEEE 1149.1 Joint Test
Action Group (JTAG) interface).
18
DATAMAN-448PRO2
VME files are interpreted by VME Player. VME file is a compressed binary variation of SVF
file and contains high-level IEEE 1149.1 bus operations. VME files are generated by design
software which is provided by manufacturer of respective programmable device. Chips are
programmed in ZIF or through ISP connector (IEEE 1149.1 Joint Test Action Group (JTAG)
interface).
Multiple devices are possible to program and test via JTAG chain: JTAG chain (ISP-Jam) or
JTAG chain (ISP-VME).
It is important to remember that in most cases new devices require only a software update
due to the DATAMAN-448PRO2 is truly universal programmer. With our prompt service you
can have new devices can be added to the current list within hours!
Advanced design including protection circuits, original brand components and careful
manufacturing and burning allows us to provide a three-year warranty on parts and labor for
the DATAMAN-448PRO2 (limited 25,000-cycle warranty on ZIF socket).
DATAMAN-448PRO2 elements
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
48 pin ZIF socket
work result LEDs
power/sleep LED of site
YES! Button
ISP connector
LED indicator power
19
7)
8)
9)
power supply connector
power switch
"GND" connector can be used for grounding of the programmer
"ESD wrist strap" connector is place for attaching of ESD wrist strap
10) temperature controlled fans
11) type B USB connector for PC
DATAMAN-448PRO2 communication cable
Manipulation with the programmed device
After selection of desired device for your work, you can insert it into the open ZIF socket (the
lever is up) and close socket (the lever is down). The correct orientation of the programmed
device in ZIF socket is shown on the picture near ZIF socket on the programmer's cover. The
programmed device is necessary to insert into the socket also to remove from the socket
when LED BUSY light off.
Note: Programmer's protection electronics protect the target device and the programmer
itself against either short or long-term power failures and, partly, also against a PC failure.
However, it is not possible to grant the integrity of the target device due to incorrect, userselected programming parameters. Target device may be not destroyed by forced interruption
of the control program (reset or switch-off PC), by removing the physical connection to the
programmer, but the content of actually programmed cell may remains undefined. Don't
unplug the target device from the ZIF socket during work with devices (LED BUSY shine).
In-system serial programming by
DATAMAN-448PRO2
Optimized advanced pindriver deliver programming performance without overshoot or ground
bounce for all device technologies. Pin drivers operate down to 1.8V so you'll be ready to
program the full range of today's advanced low- voltage devices.
The ISP programming solution performs programming verification at the marginal level of
supply voltage, which, obviously, improves programming yield, and guarantees long data
retention.
The ISP programming solution provides also the power supply for the target system.
The software provide full information for ISP implementation: Description of ISP connector
pins for currently selected chip, recommended target design around in-circuit programmed
chip and other necessary information.
20
DATAMAN-448PRO2
For general definition, recommendation and direction about ISP see section Common notes
/ ISP please.
Description of ISP connector
As ISP connector is used 20 pins connector 2-1634689-0 from TE connectivity or other
compatible connector.
2
4
6
8
10 12 14 16 18 20
1
3
5
7
9
11 13 15 17 19
Front view at ISP connector.
H/L/read driver
pins 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 of ISP connector
A)
pin 14 of ISP connector
B)
pin of ISP
connector
drivers in programmer
drivers in programmer
pin of ISP
connector
VCC
RA1
H/L
Float
RB2
Read
RA2
Pull-up/
Pull-down
RA3
RB1
YES!
GND
pins 15, 16 of ISP connector
C)
D)
drivers in programmer
CC1
pin of ISP
connector
Float
pin of ISP
connector
RD1
H/L
RC1
GND
E)
Read
CE1
Pull-up/
Pull-down
pin of ISP
connector
H/L
RC2
RE1
RA1 180R, RA2 1k3, RA3 22k,
RB1 10k, RB2 10k,
CC1 1n, RC1 1k3, RC2 22k,
RD1 22k, CE1 1n, RE1 1k3,
Comment to above picture:
picture C) Connection of pins 15 and 16 when are configured as logical signal needed for ISP
programming
pictures D) E) When pins 15 and 16 are configured as status of LED OK and LED ERROR
picture D) before first action with desired ISP device
picture E) after first action with desired ISP device
21
Notes: When LED OK or LED ERROR ON (shine), this status is presented as logical H, level
of H is 1,8V - 5V depend on H level of desired ISP device.
When LED OK or LED ERROR OFF (not shine), this status is presented as logical L, level of
L is 0V - 0,4V.
The above mentioned values are provided to understand (and also to exactly calculate) the
value of resistors, which isolate (separate) the programmed chip and target system.
Specification of ISP connector pins depends on the device, which you want to program. You
can find it in the control SW for programmer (PG4UW), menu Device / Device Info (Ctrl+F1).
Be aware, the ISP programming way of respective device must be selected. It is indicated by
(ISP) suffix after name of selected device.
These specifications correspond with application notes published of device manufacturers.
Note: Pin no. 1 is signed by triangle scratch on ISP cable connectors.
As ISP connectors are used 20 pins connectors 09185207813 from Harting or other
compatible connector.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 ISP cable
Warnings:
Use only attached ISP cable. When you use other ISP cable (other material, length…),
programming may occur unreliable.
DATAMAN-448PRO2 can supply programmed device (pin 1 of ISP connector) and
target system (pins 19 and 20 of ISP connector) with limitation (see Technical
specification / ISP connector).
DATAMAN-448PRO2 apply programming voltage to target device and checks his value
(target system can modify programming voltage). If the programming voltage is different
as expected, no action with target device will be executed.
22
DATAMAN-448PRO2
Selftest
If you feel that your programmer does not react according to your expectation, please run the
programmer (ISP connector) selftest using Diagnostic POD (Diagnostic POD for ISP
connectors #2), enclosed with the standard delivery package.
Selftest of programmer
Insert 48 pins diagnostic POD - type I into ZIF socket of the programmer. 48 pins
diagnostic POD - type I must be inserted as 48 pins device.
Run selftest of programmer in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest plus).
Selftest of ISP connector
Insert Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 into ZIF socket of the programmer.
Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 must be inserted as 48 pins device.
Interconnect 20 pins connector of Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 with an ISP
connector of the programmer with an ISP cable, included in delivery programmer
package. Be sure that pins are interconnected properly (i.e. 1-1, 2-2... 20-20).
Run selftest of ISP connector in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest ISP connector…).
Technical specification
Specification (DATAMAN-448PRO2 multiprogramming system)
4x universal programming module (4x 48-pin DIL ZIF sockets)
operation result LEDs, LED power
USB 2.0 high-speed compatible port
line power input 100-240VAC/60W max.
banana jack for ESD wrist straps connection
banana jack for connection to ground
23
Specification (valid for each programming module)
HARDWARE
Base unit, DACs
USB 2.0 high-speed compatible port, up to 480 Mb/s transfer rate
on-board intelligence: powerful microprocessor and FPGA based state machine
three D/A converters for VCCP, VPP1, and VPP2, controllable rise and fall time
VCCP range 0..8V/1A
VPP1, VPP2 range 0..26V/1A
selftest capability
ZIF sockets, pindriver
48-pin DIL ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket accepts both 300/600 mil devices up to 48-pin
pindrivers: 48 universal
VCCP/VPP1/VPP2 can be connected to each pin
perfect ground for each pin
FPGA based TTL driver provides H, L, CLK, pull-up, pull-down on all pindriver pins
analog pindriver output level selectable from 1.8 V up to 26V
current limitation, overcurrent shutdown, power failure shutdown
ESD protection on each pin of socket (IEC1000-4-2: 15kV air, 8kV contact)
continuity test: each pin is tested before every programming operation
ISP connector
20-pin male type with miss insertion lock
6 TTL pindrivers, provides H, L, CLK, pull-up, pull-down; level H selectable from 1.8V up to
5V to handle all (low-voltage including) devices.
1x VCCP voltage (range 2V..7V/100mA)
programmed chip voltage (VCCP) with both source/sink capability and voltage sense
1x VPP voltage (range 2V..25V/50mA)
Target system power supply voltage (range 2V..6V/250mA)
ESD protection on each pin of ISP connector (IEC1000-4-2: 15kV air, 8kV contact)
Only for ISP device: two output signals, which indicate state of work result = LED OK and
LED Error (active level: min 1.8V)
input signal, switch YES! equivalent (active level: max 0.8V)
DEVICE SUPPORT
Programmer, in ZIF socket
EPROM: NMOS/CMOS, 2708*, 27xxx and 27Cxxx series, with 8/16 bit data width, full
support for LV series
EEPROM: NMOS/CMOS, 28xxx, 28Cxxx, 27EExxx series, with 8/16 bit data width
Flash EPROM: 28Fxxx, 29Cxxx, 29Fxxx, 29BVxxx, 29LVxxx, 29Wxxx, 49Fxxx series,
Samsung's K8Fxxxx, K8Cxxxx, K8Sxxxx, K8Pxxxx series, from 256Kbit to 1Gbit, with 8/16
bit data width, full support for LV series
24
DATAMAN-448PRO2
NAND FLASH: Samsung K9xxx, Hynix HY27xxx, Toshiba TC58xxx, Micron MT29Fxxx,
Spansion S30Mxxx, Numonyx (ex STM) NANDxxx
LBA-NAND: Toshiba THGVNxxx
mDOC H3: SanDisk (ex M-Systems) SDED5xxx, SDED7xxx, MD2533xxx, MD2534xxx,
Hynix HY23xxx
Multi-chip devices: NAND+RAM, NOR+RAM, NOR+NOR+RAM, NAND+NOR+RAM
FRAM: Ramtron
MRAM: Everspin MRxxxxx8x
NV RAM: Dallas DSxxx, SGS/Inmos MKxxx, SIMTEK STKxxx, XICOR 2xxx, ZMD U63x
series
PROM: AMD, Harris, National, Philips/Signetics, Tesla, TI
Serial E(E)PROM: Serial E(E)PROM: 11LCxxx, 24Cxxx, 24Fxxx, 25Cxxx, 59Cxxx, 85xxx,
93Cxxx, NVM3060, MDAxxx series, full support for LV series, AT88SCxxx
Serial Flash: standard SPI (25Pxxx, 25Fxxx, 25Lxxx, 25Bxxx, 25Txxx,25Sxxx, 25Vxxx,
25Uxxx, 25Wxxx, 45PExx), high performance Dual I/O SPI (25Dxxx, 25PXxxx), high
performance Quad SPI (25Qxxx, 26Vxxx), DataFlash (AT45Dxxx, AT26Dxxx)
Configuration (EE)PROM: XCFxxx, XC17xxxx, XC18Vxxx, EPCxxx, EPCSxxx, AT17xxx,
AT18Fxxx, 37LVxx
1-Wire E(E)PROM: DS1xxx, DS2xxx
PLD Altera: MAX 3000A, MAX 7000A, MAX 7000B, MAX 7000S, MAX7000AE, MAX II/G/Z
PLD Lattice: ispGAL22V10x, ispLSI1xxx, ispLSI1xxxEA, ispLSI2xxx, ispLSI2xxxA,
ispLSI2xxxE, ispLSI2xxxV, ispLSI2xxxVE, ispLSI2xxxVL, LC4xxxB/C/V/ZC/ZE, M4-xx/xx,
M4A3-xx/xx, M4A5-xx/xx, M4LV-xx/xx, ispCLOCK, Power Manager/II, ProcessorPM
PLD: Xilinx: XC9500, XC9500XL, XC9500XV, CoolRunner XPLA3, CoolRunner-II
other PLD: SPLD/CPLD series: AMI, Atmel, AMD-Vantis, Gould, Cypress, ICT, Lattice, NS,
Philips, STM, VLSI, TI
FPGA: Actel: ProASIC3, IGLOO, Fusion
FPGA: Lattice: MachXO, LatticeXP, ispXPGA
FPGA: Xilinx: Spartan-3AN
Clocks: TI(TMS), Cypress
Special chips: Atmel Tire Pressure Monitoring ATA6285N, ATA6286N, PWM controllers:
Zilker Labs, Analog Devices, Gamma buffers: TI, Maxim ...
Microcontrollers 48 series: 87x41, 87x42, 87x48, 87x49, 87x50 series
Microcontrollers 51 series: 87xx, 87Cxxx, 87LVxx, 89Cxxx, 89Sxxx, 89Fxxx, 89LVxxx,
89LSxxx, 89LPxxx, 89Exxx, 89Lxxx, all manufacturers, Philips LPC series
Microcontrollers Intel 196 series: 87C196 KB/KC/KD/KT/KR/...
Microcontrollers Atmel ARM. ARM7: AT91SAM7Sxx, AT91SAM7Lxx, AT91SAM7Xxx,
AT91SAM7XCxx, AT91SAM7SExx series; ARM9: AT91SAM9xxx series; ARM Cortex-M3:
AT91SAM3Uxxx series
Microcontrollers Atmel AVR 8bit/16bit: AT90Sxxxx, AT90pwm, AT90can, AT90usb, ATtiny,
ATmega, ATxmega series
Microcontrollers Atmel AVR32: AT32UC3xxxx
Microcontrollers Chipcon (TI): CC11xx, CC24xx, CC25xx series
Microcontrollers Coreriver: Atom 1.0, MiDAS1.0, 1.1, 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, 3.0 series
Microcontrollers Cypress: CY7Cxxxxx, CY8Cxxxxx
Microcontrollers ELAN: EM78Pxxx
Microcontrollers Infineon(Siemens): XC800, C500, XC166, C166 series
Microcontrollers MDT 1xxx and 2xxx series
Microcontrollers Microchip PICmicro: PIC10xxx, PIC12xxx, PIC16xxx, PIC17Cxxx,
PIC18xxx, PIC24xxx, dsPIC, PIC32xxx series
25
Microcontrollers Motorola/Freescale: HC05, HC08, HC11, HC12, HCS08, RS08, S12,
S12X, MC56F, MCF51, MCF52 series
Microcontrollers Myson MTV2xx, 3xx, 4xx, 5xx, CS89xx series
Microcontrollers National: COP8xxx series
Microcontrollers NEC: uPD70Fxxx, uPD78Fxxx series
Microcontrollers Novatek: NT68xxx series
Microcontrollers Nuvoton (Winbond): N79xxx, W77xxx, W78xxx, W79xxx, W83xxx series
Microcontrollers NXP ARM Cortex-M3: LPC13xx, LPC17xx series
Microcontrollers Philips (NXP) UOC series: UOCIII, UOC-TOP, UOC-Fighter series
Microcontrollers Philips (NXP) ARM7: LPC2xxx, PCD807xx, SAF7780xxx series
Microcontrollers Scenix (Ubicom): SXxxx series
Microcontrollers Renesas: R8C/Tiny series
Microcontrollers SGS-Thomson: ST6xx, ST7xx, ST10xx, STR7xx series
Microcontrollers SyncMOS: SM59xxx, SM73xxx, SM79xxx, SM89xxx series
Microcontrollers & Programmable System Memory STMicroelectronics: uPSD, PSD series
Microcontrollers STM: ST6xx, ST7xx, ST10xx, STR7xx, STR9xx, STM32Fxx, STM8A/S/L
series
Microcontrollers Silicon Laboratories(Cygnal): C8051 series
Microcontrollers Texas Instruments: MSP430, MSC12xx series, TMS320F series
Microcontrollers Texas Instruments (ex Luminary Micro): LM3Sxxx, LM3Sxxxx series
Microcontrollers ZILOG: Z86/Z89xxx and Z8Fxxxx,
Z8FMCxxxxx, Z16Fxxxx,
ZGP323xxxxxx, ZLF645xxxxxxx, ZLP12840xxxxx, ZLP323xxxxxxx series
Microcontrollers other: EM Microelectronic, Fujitsu, Goal Semiconductor, Hitachi, Holtek,
Novatek, Macronix, Princeton, Winbond, Samsung, Toshiba, Mitsubishi, Realtek, M-Square,
ASP, Coreriver, Gencore, EXODUS Microelectronic, Megawin, Syntek, Topro, TinyARM,
VersaChips, SunplusIT, Nordic, M-Square, QIXIN, Signetic, Tekmos, Weltrend, Amic, Cyrod
Technologies, Ember, Ramtron, Nordic Semiconductor, Samsung ...
I.C. Tester
TTL type: 54,74 S/LS/ALS/H/HC/HCT series
CMOS type: 4000, 4500 series
static RAM: 6116.. 624000
user definable test pattern generation
Programmer, through ISP connector
Serial E(E)PROM: IIC series, MW series, SPI series, KEELOQ series, PLD configuration
memories, UNI/O series
1-Wire E(E)PROM: DS1xxx, DS2xxx
Serial Flash: standard SPI (25xxx), DataFlash (AT45Dxxx, AT26Dxxx)
Microcontrollers Atmel: AT89Sxxx, AT90pwm, AT90can, AT90usb, AT90Sxxxx, ATtiny,
ATmega, ATxmega, AT89LSxxx, AT89LPxxx
Microcontrollers Atmel AVR32: AT32UC3xxxx
Microcontrollers Chipcon (TI): CC11xx, CC24xx, CC25xx series
Microcontrollers Cypress: CY8C2xxxx
Microcontrollers Elan: EM78Pxxx, EM6xxx series
Microcontrollers EM Microelectronic: 4 and 8 bit series
Microcontrollers Microchip PICmicro: PIC10xxx, PIC12xxx, PIC16xxx, PIC17xxx, PIC18xxx,
PIC24xxx, dsPIC, PIC32xxx series
Microcontrollers Mitsubishi: M16C
Microcontrollers Motorola/Freescale: HC08 (both 5-wire, All-wire), HC11, HC12, HCS08,
S12, S12X, MC56F, MCF52 series
26
DATAMAN-448PRO2
Microcontrollers Nordic Semiconductor: nRF24xxx
Microcontrollers NEC: uPD7xxx series
Microcontrollers Philips (NXP): LPC1xxx, LPC2xxx, LPCxx series, 89xxx series
Microcontrollers Renesas: R8C/Tiny series
Microcontrollers Realtek, M-Square
Microcontrollers Scenix (Ubicom): SXxxx series
Microcontrollers STM: ST7xxx, STR7xx, STR9xx, STM32Fxx, STM8A/S/L series
Microcontrollers Silicon Laboratories(Cygnal): C8051 series
Microcontrollers & Programmable System Memory STMicroelectronics: uPSD, PSD series
Microcontrollers TI: MSP430 (both JTAG and BSL series), MSC12xxx series
Microcontrollers ZILOG: Z8Fxxxx, Z8FMCxxxxx, Z16Fxxxx series, ZLF645x0xx
Various PLD (also by Jam/VME/SVF/STAPL/... Player/JTAG support):
Altera: MAX 3000A, MAX 7000A, MAX 7000B, MAX 7000S, MAX 9000, MAX II/G/Z
Xilinx: XC9500, XC9500XL, XC9500XV, CoolRunner XPLA3, CoolRunner-II
PLD Lattice: ispGAL22xV10x, ispLSI1xxxEA, ispLSI2xxxE, ispLSI2xxxV, ispLSI2xxxVE,
ispLSI2xxxVL, M4-xx/xx, M4LV-xx/xx, M4A3-xx/xx, M4A5-xx/xx, LC4xxxB/C/V/ZC/ZE,
ispCLOCK, Power Manager/II, ProcessorPM
FPGA: Actel: ProASIC3, IGLOO, Fusion
FPGA: Lattice: MachXO, LatticeXP, ispXPGA
Note: For a full list of supported devices, please visit our website www.dataman.com.
Package support
support all devices in DIP with default socket
package support includes DIP, SDIP, PLCC, JLCC, SOIC, SOP, PSOP, SSOP, TSOP,
TSOPII, TSSOP, QFP, PQFP, TQFP, VQFP, QFN (MLF), SON, BGA, EBGA, FBGA,
VFBGA, UBGA, FTBGA, LAP, CSP, SCSP etc.
support devices in non-DIP packages up to 48 pins with universal adapters
programmer is compatible with third-party adapters for non-DIP support
Programming speed
DATAMAN-448PRO2
Device
K8P6415UQB (parallel NOR Flash)
MT29F1G08ABAEAWP (parallel NAND Flash) *2
THGBM3G4D1FBAIG (eMMC NAND Flash) *2
QB25F640S33 (serial Flash)
AT89C51RD2 (microcontroller)
PIC32MX360F512L (microcontroller)
Size [bits]
400100hx16 bit (64 Mega)
8400000Hx8 (1 Giga)
2048 MB x8 (16 Giga)
800200Hx8 (64 Mega)
10000Hx8
80000Hx8
Operation
programming and verify
programming and verify
programming *1
programming and verify
programming and verify
programming and verify
Conditions:
Time
13 sec
51 sec
363 sec
30.7 sec
14.4 sec
8.9 sec
Intel Core2Duo 6300 1.86GHz, 1GB RAM, USB 2.0 HS, Win XP,
software PG4UW v3.03.
*1 implementation is the same as in card readers. Verification of programming is performs
internal controller. Internal controller confirms the proper programming using status register.
*2 the programming time is for TurboMode active.ing status register.
SOFTWARE
Algorithms: only manufacturer approved or certified algorithms are used.
27
Algorithm updates: software updates are available regularly, approx. every 4 weeks, free
of charge (Internet download). OnDemand version of software is available for highly
needed chips support and/or bugs fixes. Available nearly daily.
Main features: revision history, session logging, on-line help, device and algorithm
information
Device operations
standard:
intelligent device selection by device type, manufacturer or typed fragment of part name
automatic ID-based selection of EPROM/Flash EPROM
blank check, read, verify
program
erase
configuration and security bit program
illegal bit test
checksum
interpret the Jam Standard Test and Programming Language (STAPL), JEDEC standard
JESD-71
interpret the VME files compressed binary variation of SVF files
security
insertion test, reverse insertion check
contact check
ID byte check
special
production mode (automatic start immediately after device insertion)
lot of serialization modes (more type of incremental modes, from-file mode, custom
generator mode)
statistic
count-down mode
Buffer operations
view/edit, find/replace
fill/copy, move, byte swap, word/dword split
checksum (byte, word)
print
File load/save
no download time because programmer is PC controlled
automatic file type identification/recognition
Supported file formats
unformatted (raw) binary
HEX: Intel, Intel EXT, Motorola S-record, MOS, Exormax, Tektronix, ASCII-SPACE-HEX,
ASCII HEX
Altera POF, JEDEC (ver. 3.0.A), e.g. from ABEL, CUPL, PALASM, TANGO PLD, OrCAD
PLD, PLD Designer ISDATA, etc.
28
DATAMAN-448PRO2
JAM (JEDEC STAPL Format), JBC (Jam STAPL Byte Code), STAPL (STAPL File)
JEDEC standard JESD-71
VME (ispVME file VME2.0/VME3.0)
SVF (Serial Vector Format revision E)
STP (Actel STAPL file)
GENERAL
supply voltage AC 90-264V, max. 1.2A, 47-63Hz
power consumption max. 60W active
dimensions 361x234x56 mm (14.2x9.2x2.2 inch)
weight (programmer) 3.5kg (7.7 lb)
operating temperature 5°C ÷ 40°C (41°F ÷ 104°F)
operating humidity 20%..80%, non condensing
29
DATAMAN-48PRO2 /
DATAMAN-48PRO2C
30
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
Introduction
DATAMAN-48PRO2 is a super fast universal USB/LPT interfaced universal programmer built
to meet the strong demand of the small manufacturing and developer’s community for the fast
and reliable universal programmer.
DATAMAN-48PRO2C is a cost effective version of DATAMAN-48PRO2 programmer
(without some special devices and LPT port interface). If you need program some of the
mentioned devices, please take a look at DATAMAN-48PRO2 programmer.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C support all kinds of types and silicon
technologies of today and tomorrow programmable devices without family-specific module.
You have freedom to choose the optimal device for your design. Using built-in in-circuit serial
programming (ISP) connector, the programmer is able to program ISP capable chips in
circuit.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C aren’t only programmer, but also tester of
TTL/CMOS logic ICs and memories. Furthermore, it allows generating user-definable test
pattern sequences.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C provide very fast programming due to highspeed FPGA driven hardware and execution of time-critical routines inside of the
programmer. It is least fast than competitors in this category, for many chips much faster than
most competitors. As a result, when used in production this one-socket-programmer waits for
an operator, and not the other way round.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C interfaces with the IBM PC Pentium compatible
or higher, portable or desktop personal computers through USB (2.0/1.1) port or any standard
parallel (printer) port (except DATAMAN-48PRO2C). Programmer can utilize power of both
USB high-speed port and IEEE1284 (ECP/EPP) high-speed parallel port. Support of both
USB/LPT port connections gives you the choice to connect the DATAMAN-48PRO2
programmer to any PC, from latest notebook to older desktop without USB port.
DATAMAN-48PRO2C has only USB interface but after upgrade to DATAMAN-48PRO2, also
high-speed IEEE 1284 (ECP/EPP) printer-port (LPT) interface is available (LPT port
connection usage is disabled in software only).
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C provides a banana jack for ESD wrist straps
connection to easy-to-implement the ESD protection control and also other banana jack for
earth wire.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C have a FPGA based totally reconfigurable 48
powerful TTL pindrivers, where provide H/L/pull_up/pull_down and read capability for each
pin of socket. Advanced pindrivers incorporate high-quality high-speed circuitry to deliver
signals without overshoot or ground bounce for all supported devices. Improved pindrivers
operate down to 1.8V so you'll be ready to program the full range of today's advanced lowvoltage devices.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C performs device insertion test (wrong or
backward position) and contact check (poor contact pin-to-socket) before it programs each
31
device. These capabilities, supported by overcurrent protection and signature-byte check
help prevent chip damage due to operator error.
The selftest capability allows running diagnostic part of software to thoroughly check the
health of the programmer.
Built-in protection circuits eliminate damage of programmer and/or programmed device due
environment or operator failure. All the inputs of the DATAMAN-48PRO2 /
DATAMAN-48PRO2C programmer, including the ZIF socket, ISP connector, connection to
PC and power supply input, are protected against ESD up to 15kV.
When programming specification require, the (DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C)
programmer performs programming verification at the marginal level of supply voltage, which,
obviously, improves programming yield, and guarantees long data retention.
Various socket converters are available to handle device in PLCC, SOIC, PSOP, SSOP,
TSOP, TSSOP, TQFP, QFN (MLF), SDIP, BGA and other packages.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C programmer is driven by an easy-to-use
control program with pull-down menu, hot keys and on-line help. Selecting of device is
performed by its class, by manufacturer or simply by typing a fragment of vendor name
and/or part number.
Standard device-related commands (read, blank check, program, verify, erase) are boosted
by some test functions (insertion test, signature-byte check), and some special functions
(autoincrement, production mode - start immediately after insertion of chip into socket).
All known data formats are supported. Automatic file format detection and conversion during
load of file.
The rich-featured autoincrement function enables to assign individual serial numbers to
each programmed device - or simply increments a serial number, or the function enables to
read serial numbers or any programmed device identification signatures from a file.
The software also provides a lot of information about programmed device. As a special, the
drawings of all available packages, explanation of chip labeling (the meaning of prefixes
and suffixes at the chips) for each supported chip are provided.
The software provide full information for ISP implementation: Description of ISP connector
pins for currently selected chip, recommended target design around in-circuit programmed
chip and other necessary information.
The remote control feature allows being PG4UW software flow controlled by other
application – either using .BAT file commands or using DLL file. DLL file, examples
(C/PAS/VBASIC/.NET) and manual are part of standard software delivery.
Jam files of JEDEC standard JESD-71 are interpreted by Jam Player. Jam files are
generated by design software which is provided by manufacturer of respective programmable
device. Chips are programmed in ZIF or through ISP connector (IEEE 1149.1 Joint Test
Action Group (JTAG) interface).
32
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
VME files are interpreted by VME Player. VME file is a compressed binary variation of SVF
file and contains high-level IEEE 1149.1 bus operations. VME files are generated by design
software which is provided by manufacturer of respective programmable device. Chips are
programmed in ZIF or through ISP connector (IEEE 1149.1 Joint Test Action Group (JTAG)
interface).
Multiple devices are possible to program and test via JTAG chain: JTAG chain (ISP-Jam) or
JTAG chain (ISP-VME).
Attaching of more DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C programmers to the same PC
(through USB port) is achieved a powerful multiprogramming system, which support as
many chips, as are supported by DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
programmer and without obvious decreasing of programming speed. It is important to
know, there is a concurrent multiprogramming - each programmer works independently and
each programmer can program different chip, if necessary.
It is important to remember that in most cases new devices require only a software update
due to the DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C is truly universal programmer. With
our prompt service you can have new devices can be added to the current list within hours!
Advanced design including protection circuits, original brand components and careful
manufacturing and burning allows us to provide a three-year warranty on parts and labor for
the DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C (limited 25,000-cycle warranty on ZIF
socket).
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
elements
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
48 pin ZIF socket
work result LEDs
power/sleep LED
YES! Button
ISP connector
power switch
"GND" connector can be used for grounding of the programmer
"ESD wrist strap" connector is place for attaching of ESD wrist strap
33
8)
9)
Power supply connector
LPT connector for PC
DATAMAN-48PRO2 communication cable. For
DATAMAN-48PRO2C after upgrade to DATAMAN-48PRO2
10) USB connector for PC
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C communication
cable
Connecting DATAMAN-48PRO2 /
DATAMAN-48PRO2C to the PC
Using USB port
In this case, order of connecting USB cable and power supply to programmer is irrelevant.
34
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
Using LPT port
Switch off PC and programmer. Insert the communication cable included with your
DATAMAN-48PRO2 programmer package to a free printer port on your PC. If your computer
is equipped with only one printer port, substitute the programmer cable for the printer cable.
Connect the opposite cable end to the programmer. Screw on both connectors to counterconnectors. This is very important. It may be uncomfortable to switch between printer cable
and programmer cable, though it is not recommended to operate the DATAMAN-48PRO2
programmer through a mechanical printer switch. Use of an electronic printer switch is
impossible. But you can install a second multi-I/O in your computer, thus obtaining a
supplementary printer port, says LPT2. So your printer may remain on LPT1 while the
programmer on LPT2.
Switch on the PC.
Connect the connector “8” to a mains plug using attached cable. At this time all 'work result'
LEDs (and 'POWER' LED) light up successive and then switch off. Once the POWER LED
lights with low brightness then the DATAMAN-48PRO2 programmer is ready to run.
Next run the control program for DATAMAN-48PRO2.
Caution! If you don't want to switch off your PC when connecting the DATAMAN-48PRO2,
proceed as follows:
When connecting the programmer to the PC: FIRST insert the communications cable
and THEN the power-supply connector.
When disconnecting the programmer from the PC: FIRST disconnect the power-supply
connector and THEN the communication cable.
From DATAMAN-48PRO2 point of view the connecting and disconnecting sequence is
irrelevant. Protection circuits on all programmer inputs keep it safe. But think of your PC
please.
Problems related to the DATAMAN-48PRO2 /
DATAMAN-48PRO2C
PC interconnection, and their removing
If you have any problems with DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
interconnection, see section Common notes please.
PC
Manipulation with the programmed device
After selection of desired device for your work, you can insert into the open ZIF socket (the
lever is up) and close socket (the lever is down). The correct orientation of the programmed
device in ZIF socket is shown on the picture near ZIF socket on the programmer's cover. The
programmed device is necessary to insert into the socket also to remove from the socket
when LED BUSY light off.
Note: Programmer's protection electronics protect the target device and the programmer
itself against either short or long-term power failures and, partly, also against a PC failure.
However, it is not possible to grant the integrity of the target device due to incorrect, userselected programming parameters. Target device may be not destroyed by forced interruption
of the control program (reset or switch-off PC), by removing the physical connection to the
programmer, but the content of actually programmed cell may remains undefined. Don't
unplug the target device from the ZIF socket during work with device (LED BUSY shine).
35
In-system serial programming by
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
For general definition, recommendation and direction about ISP see section Common notes
/ ISP please.
Description of ISP connector
As ISP connector is used 20 pins connector 2-1634689-0 from TE connectivity or other
compatible connector.
2
4
6
8
10 12 14 16 18 20
1
3
5
7
9
11 13 15 17 19
Front view at ISP connector of programmer.
H/L/read driver
pins 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 of ISP connector
A)
pin 14 of ISP connector
B)
pin of ISP
connector
drivers in programmer
drivers in programmer
pin of ISP
connector
VCC
RA1
H/L
Float
RB2
Read
RA2
Pull-up/
Pull-down
RA3
RB1
YES!
GND
pins 15, 16 of ISP connector
C)
D)
drivers in programmer
CC1
pin of ISP
connector
Float
pin of ISP
connector
RD1
H/L
RC1
GND
E)
Read
CE1
Pull-up/
Pull-down
H/L
RC2
RE1
RA1 180R, RA2 1k3, RA3 22k,
RB1 10k, RB2 10k,
CC1 1n, RC1 1k3, RC2 22k,
RD1 22k, CE1 1n, RE1 1k3,
Comment to above picture:
36
pin of ISP
connector
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
picture C) Connection of pins 15 and 16 when are configured as logical signal needed for ISP
programming
pictures D) E) When pins 15 and 16 are configured as status of LED OK and LED ERROR
picture D) before first action with desired ISP device
picture E) after first action with desired ISP device
Notes: When LED OK or LED ERROR ON (shine), this status is presented as logical H, level
of H is 1,8V - 5V depend on H level of desired ISP device.
When LED OK or LED ERROR OFF (not shine), this status is presented as logical L, level of
L is 0V - 0,4V.
The above mentioned values are provided to understand (and also to exactly calculate) the
value of resistors, which isolate (separate) the programmed chip and target system.
Specification of ISP connector pins depends on the device, which you want to program. You
can find it in the control SW for programmer (PG4UW), menu Device / Device Info (Ctrl+F1).
Be aware, the ISP programming way of respective device must be selected. It is indicated by
(ISP) suffix after name of selected device.
These specifications correspond with application notes published of device manufacturers.
Note: Pin no. 1 is signed by triangle scratch on ISP cable connectors.
As ISP connectors are used 20 pins connectors 09185207813 from Harting or other
compatible connector.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C ISP cable
Warnings:
When you use DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C as ISP programmer, don’t
insert device to ZIF socket.
When you program devices in ZIF socket, don’t insert ISP cable to ISP connector.
Use only attached ISP cable. When you use other ISP cable (other material, length…),
programming may occur unreliable.
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C can supply programmed device (pin 1 of
ISP connector) and target system (pins 19 and 20 of ISP connector) with limitation (see
Technical specification / ISP connector).
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C apply programming voltage to target device
and checks his value (target system can modify programming voltage). If the
programming voltage is different as expected, no action with target device will be
executed.
37
Multiprogramming by DATAMAN-48PRO2 /
DATAMAN-48PRO2C
During installation of PG4UW at Select Additional Tasks window you check, if is allowed
install DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C multiprogramming control support.
For start of DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C multiprogramming is necessary run
special control program pg4uwmc.exe. At this program user assign DATAMAN-48PRO2 /
DATAMAN-48PRO2C to control programs, may load projects for all DATAMAN-48PRO2 /
DATAMAN-48PRO2C and run PG4UW for every connected and assigned
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C.
Selftest
If you feel that your programmer does not react according to your expectation, please run the
programmer (ISP connector) selftest using Diagnostic POD (Diagnostic POD for ISP
connectors #2), enclosed with the standard delivery package.
Selftest of programmer
Insert 48 pins diagnostic POD - type I into ZIF socket of the programmer. 48 pins
diagnostic POD - type I must be inserted as 48 pins device.
Run selftest of programmer in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest plus).
Selftest of ISP connector
Insert Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 into ZIF socket of the programmer.
Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 must be inserted as 48 pins device.
Interconnect 20 pins connector of Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 with an ISP
connector of the programmer with an ISP cable, included in delivery programmer
package. Be sure that pins are interconnected properly (i.e. 1-1, 2-2, ..., 20-20).
Run selftest of ISP connector in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest ISP connector…).
38
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
Technical specification
HARDWARE
Base unit, DACs
USB 2.0 high-speed compatible port, up to 480 Mb/s transfer rate
FPGA based IEEE 1284 slave printer port, up to 1MB/s transfer rate (except
DATAMAN-48PRO2C)
on-board intelligence: powerful microprocessor and FPGA based state machine
three D/A converters for VCCP, VPP1, and VPP2, controllable rise and fall time
VCCP range 0..8V/1A
VPP1, VPP2 range 0..26V/1A
selftest capability
protection against surge and ESD on power supply input, parallel port connection
banana jack for ESD wrist straps connection
banana jack for connection to ground
Socket, pindriver
48-pin DIL ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket accepts both 300/600 mil devices up to 48-pin
pindrivers: 48 universal
VCCP / VPP1 / VPP2 can be connected to each pin
perfect ground for each pin
FPGA based TTL driver provides H, L, CLK, pull-up, pull-down on all pindriver pins
analog pindriver output level selectable from 1.8 V up to 26V
current limitation, overcurrent shutdown, power failure shutdown
ESD protection on each pin of socket (IEC1000-4-2: 15kV air, 8kV contact)
continuity test: each pin is tested before every programming operation
ISP connector
20-pin male type with miss insertion lock
6 TTL pindrivers, provides H, L, CLK, pull-up, pull-down; level H selectable from 1.8V up to
5V to handle all (low-voltage including) devices.
1x VCCP voltage (range 2V..7V/100mA)
programmed chip voltage (VCCP) with both source/sink capability and voltage sense
and 1x VPP voltage (range 2V..25V/50mA)
Target system power supply voltage (range 2V..6V/250mA)
ESD protection on each pin of ISP connector (IEC1000-4-2: 15kV air, 8kV contact)
Only for ISP device: two output signals, which indicate state of work result = LED OK and
LED Error (active level: min 1.8V)
input signal, switch YES! equivalent (active level: max 0.8V)
39
DEVICE SUPPORT
Programmer, in ZIF socket
EPROM: NMOS/CMOS, 27xxx and 27Cxxx series, with 8/16 bit data width, full support for
LV series
EEPROM: NMOS/CMOS, 28xxx, 28Cxxx, 27EExxx series, with 8/16 bit data width
Flash EPROM: 28Fxxx, 29Cxxx, 29Fxxx, 29BVxxx, 29LVxxx, 29Wxxx, 49Fxxx series,
Samsung's K8Fxxxx, K8Cxxxx, K8Sxxxx, K8Pxxxx series, from 256Kbit to 1Gbit, with 8/16
bit data width, full support for LV series
NAND FLASH: Samsung K9xxx, Hynix HY27xxx, Toshiba TC58xxx, Micron MT29Fxxx,
Spansion S30Mxxx, Numonyx (ex STM) NANDxxx
LBA-NAND: Toshiba THGVNxxx
mDOC H3: SanDisk (ex M-Systems) SDED5xxx, SDED7xxx, MD2533xxx, MD2534xxx,
Hynix HY23xxx
Multi-chip devices: NAND+RAM, NOR+RAM, NOR+NOR+RAM, NAND+NOR+RAM
FRAM: Ramtron
MRAM: Everspin MRxxxxx8x
NV RAM: Dallas DSxxx, SGS/Inmos MKxxx, SIMTEK STKxxx, XICOR 2xxx, ZMD U63x
series
Serial E(E)PROM: Serial E(E)PROM: 11LCxxx, 24Cxxx, 24Fxxx, 25Cxxx, 59Cxxx, 85xxx,
93Cxxx, NVM3060, MDAxxx series, full support for LV series, AT88SCxxx
Serial Flash: standard SPI (25Pxxx, 25Fxxx, 25Lxxx, 25Bxxx, 25Txxx,25Sxxx, 25Vxxx,
25Uxxx, 25Wxxx, 45PExx), high performance Dual I/O SPI (25Dxxx, 25PXxxx), high
performance Quad SPI (25Qxxx, 26Vxxx), DataFlash (AT45Dxxx, AT26Dxxx)
Configuration (EE)PROM: XCFxxx, XC17xxxx, XC18Vxxx, EPCxxx, EPCSxxx, AT17xxx,
AT18Fxxx, 37LVxx
1-Wire E(E)PROM: DS1xxx, DS2xxx
PLD Altera: MAX 3000A, MAX 7000A, MAX 7000B, MAX 7000S, MAX7000AE, MAX II/G/Z
PLD Lattice: ispGAL22V10x, ispLSI1xxx, ispLSI1xxxEA, ispLSI2xxx, ispLSI2xxxA,
ispLSI2xxxE, ispLSI2xxxV, ispLSI2xxxVE, ispLSI2xxxVL, LC4xxxB/C/V/ZC/ZE, M4-xx/xx,
M4A3-xx/xx, M4A5-xx/xx, M4LV-xx/xx, ispCLOCK, Power Manager/II, ProcessorPM
PLD: Xilinx: XC9500, XC9500XL, XC9500XV, CoolRunner XPLA3, CoolRunner-II
other PLD: SPLD/CPLD series: AMD, AMI, Atmel, Cypress, Gould, ICT, Lattice, National
Semicond., Philips, STMicroelectronics, TI (TMS), Vantis, VLSI
FPGA: Actel: ProASIC3, IGLOO, Fusion
FPGA: Lattice: MachXO, LatticeXP, ispXPGA
FPGA: Xilinx: Spartan-3AN
Clocks: TI(TMS), Cypress
Special chips: Atmel Tire Pressure Monitoring ATA6285N, ATA6286N, PWM controllers:
Zilker Labs, Analog Devices, Gamma buffers: TI, Maxim ...
Microcontrollers MCS51 series: 87Cxxx, 87LVxx, 89Cxxx, 89Sxxx, 89Fxxx, 89LVxxx,
89LSxxx, 89LPxxx, 89Exxx, 89Lxxx, all manufacturers,
Philips LPC series
Microcontrollers Intel 196 series: 87C196 KB/KC/KD/KT/KR/...
Microcontrollers Atmel ARM. ARM7: AT91SAM7Sxx, AT91SAM7Lxx, AT91SAM7Xxx,
AT91SAM7XCxx, AT91SAM7SExx series; ARM9: AT91SAM9xxx series; ARM Cortex-M3:
AT91SAM3Uxxx series
Microcontrollers Atmel AVR 8bit/16bit: AT90Sxxxx, AT90pwm, AT90can, AT90usb, ATtiny,
ATmega, ATxmega series
40
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
Microcontrollers Atmel AVR32: AT32UC3xxxx
Microcontrollers Chipcon (TI): CC11xx, CC24xx, CC25xx series
Microcontrollers Coreriver: Atom 1.0, MiDAS1.0, 1.1, 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, 3.0 series
Microcontrollers Cypress: CY7Cxxxxx, CY8Cxxxxx
Microcontrollers ELAN: EM78Pxxx
Microcontrollers Infineon(Siemens): XC800, C500, XC166, C166 series
Microcontrollers MDT 1xxx and 2xxx series
Microcontrollers Microchip PICmicro: PIC10xxx, PIC12xxx, PIC16xxx, PIC17Cxxx,
PIC18xxx, PIC24xxx, dsPIC, PIC32xxx series
Microcontrollers Motorola/Freescale: HC05, HC08, HC11, HC12, HCS08, RS08, S12,
S12X, MC56F, MCF51, MCF52 series
Microcontrollers Myson MTV2xx, 3xx, 4xx, 5xx, CS89xx series
Microcontrollers National: COP8xxx series
Microcontrollers NEC: uPD70Fxxx, uPD78Fxxx series
Microcontrollers Novatek: NT68xxx series
Microcontrollers Nuvoton (Winbond): N79xxx, W77xxx, W78xxx, W79xxx, W83xxx series
Microcontrollers NXP ARM Cortex-M3: LPC13xx, LPC17xx series
Microcontrollers Philips (NXP) UOC series: UOCIII, UOC-TOP, UOC-Fighter series
Microcontrollers Philips (NXP) ARM7: LPC2xxx, PCD807xx, SAF7780xxx series
Microcontrollers Scenix (Ubicom): SXxxx series
Microcontrollers Renesas: R8C/Tiny series
Microcontrollers SGS-Thomson: ST6xx, ST7xx, ST10xx, STR7xx series
Microcontrollers SyncMOS: SM59xxx, SM73xxx, SM79xxx, SM89xxx series
Microcontrollers & Programmable System Memory STMicroelectronics: uPSD, PSD series
Microcontrollers STM: ST6xx, ST7xx, ST10xx, STR7xx, STR9xx, STM32Fxx, STM8A/S/L
series
Microcontrollers Silicon Laboratories(Cygnal): C8051 series
Microcontrollers Texas Instruments: MSP430, MSC12xx series, TMS320F series
Microcontrollers Texas Instruments (ex Luminary Micro): LM3Sxxx, LM3Sxxxx series
Microcontrollers ZILOG: Z86/Z89xxx and Z8Fxxxx,
Z8FMCxxxxx, Z16Fxxxx,
ZGP323xxxxxx, ZLF645xxxxxxx, ZLP12840xxxxx, ZLP323xxxxxxx series
Microcontrollers other: EM Microelectronic, Fujitsu, Goal Semiconductor, Hitachi, Holtek,
Novatek, Macronix, Princeton, Winbond, Samsung, Toshiba, Mitsubishi, Realtek, M-Square,
ASP, Coreriver, Gencore, EXODUS Microelectronic, Megawin, Syntek, Topro, TinyARM,
VersaChips, SunplusIT, Nordic, M-Square, QIXIN, Signetic, Tekmos, Weltrend, Amic, Cyrod
Technologies, Ember, Ramtron, Nordic Semiconductor, Samsung ... EPROM:
Only for DATAMAN-48PRO2 programmer
NMOS/CMOS, 2708*
PROM: AMD, Harris, National, Philips/Signetics, Tesla, TI
Microcontrollers 48 series: 87x41, 87x42, 87x48, 87x49, 87x50 series
Microcontrollers 51 series: 87xx
Programmer, through ISP connector
Serial E(E)PROM: IIC series, MW series, SPI series, KEELOQ series, PLD configuration
memories, UNI/O series
1-Wire E(E)PROM: DS1xxx, DS2xxx
Serial Flash: standard SPI (25xxx), DataFlash (AT45Dxxx, AT26Dxxx)
Microcontrollers Atmel: AT89Sxxx, AT90pwm, AT90can, AT90usb, AT90Sxxxx, ATtiny,
ATmega, ATxmega, AT89LSxxx, AT89LPxxx
Microcontrollers Atmel AVR32: AT32UC3xxxx
41
Microcontrollers Chipcon (TI): CC11xx, CC24xx, CC25xx series
Microcontrollers Cypress: CY8C2xxxx
Microcontrollers Elan: EM78Pxxx, EM6xxx series
Microcontrollers EM Microelectronic: 4 and 8 bit series
Microcontrollers Microchip PICmicro: PIC10xxx, PIC12xxx, PIC16xxx, PIC17xxx, PIC18xxx,
PIC24xxx, dsPIC, PIC32xxx series
Microcontrollers Mitsubishi: M16C
Microcontrollers Motorola/Freescale: HC08 (both 5-wire, All-wire), HC11, HC12, HCS08,
S12, S12X, MC56F, MCF52 series
Microcontrollers Nordic Semiconductor: nRF24xxx
Microcontrollers NEC: uPD7xxx series
Microcontrollers Philips (NXP): LPC1xxx, LPC2xxx, LPCxx series, 89xxx series
Microcontrollers Renesas: R8C/Tiny series
Microcontrollers Realtek, M-Square
Microcontrollers Scenix (Ubicom): SXxxx series
Microcontrollers STM: ST7xxx, STR7xx, STR9xx, STM32Fxx, STM8A/S/L series
Microcontrollers Silicon Laboratories(Cygnal): C8051 series
Microcontrollers & Programmable System Memory STMicroelectronics: uPSD, PSD series
Microcontrollers TI: MSP430 (both JTAG and BSL series), MSC12xxx series
Microcontrollers ZILOG: Z8Fxxxx, Z8FMCxxxxx, Z16Fxxxx series, ZLF645x0xx
Various PLD (also by Jam/VME/SVF/STAPL/... Player/JTAG support):
Altera: MAX 3000A, MAX 7000A, MAX 7000B, MAX 7000S, MAX 9000, MAX II/G/Z
Xilinx: XC9500, XC9500XL, XC9500XV, CoolRunner XPLA3, CoolRunner-II
PLD Lattice: ispGAL22xV10x, ispLSI1xxxEA, ispLSI2xxxE, ispLSI2xxxV, ispLSI2xxxVE,
ispLSI2xxxVL, M4-xx/xx, M4LV-xx/xx, M4A3-xx/xx, M4A5-xx/xx, LC4xxxB/C/V/ZC/ZE,
ispCLOCK, Power Manager/II, ProcessorPM
FPGA: Actel: ProASIC3, IGLOO, Fusion
FPGA: Lattice: MachXO, LatticeXP, ispXPGA
Notes:
Devices marked * are obsolete, programming with additional module
For a full list of supported devices, please visit our website www.dataman.com.
I.C. Tester
TTL type: 54,74 S/LS/ALS/H/HC/HCT series
CMOS type: 4000, 4500 series
static RAM: 6116.. 624000
user definable test pattern generation
Package support
support all devices in DIP with default socket
package support includes DIP, SDIP, PLCC, JLCC, SOIC, SOP, PSOP, SSOP, TSOP,
TSOPII, TSSOP, QFP, PQFP, TQFP, VQFP, QFN (MLF), SON, BGA, EBGA, FBGA,
VFBGA, UBGA, FTBGA, LAP, CSP, SCSP etc.
support devices in non-DIP packages up to 48 pins with universal adapters
programmer is compatible with third-party adapters for non-DIP support
42
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
Programming speed
DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C
Device
K8P6415UQB (parallel NOR Flash)
MT29F1G08ABAEAWP (parallel NAND Flash) *2
THGBM3G4D1FBAIG (eMMC NAND Flash) *2
QB25F640S33 (serial Flash)
AT89C51RD2 (microcontroller)
PIC32MX360F512L (microcontroller)
Size [bits]
400100hx16 bit (64 Mega)
8400000Hx8 (1 Giga)
2048 MB x8 (16 Giga)
800200Hx8 (64 Mega)
10000Hx8
80000Hx8
Operation
programming and verify
programming and verify
programming *1
programming and verify
programming and verify
programming and verify
Time
13 sec
51 sec
363 sec
30.7 sec
14.4 sec
8.9 sec
Conditions:
Intel Core2Duo 6300 1.86GHz, 1GB RAM, USB 2.0 HS, Win XP,
software PG4UW v3.03.
*1 implementation is the same as in card readers. Verification of programming is performs
internal controller. Internal controller confirms the proper programming using status register.
*2 the programming time is for TurboMode active.
SOFTWARE
Algorithms: only manufacturer approved or certified algorithms are used. Custom
algorithms are available at additional cost.
Algorithm updates: software updates are available regularly, approx. every 4 weeks, free
of charge. OnDemand version of software is available for highly needed chips support
and/or bugs fixes. Available nearly daily.
Main features: revision history, session logging, on-line help, device and algorithm
information
Device operations
standard:
intelligent device selection by device type, manufacturer or typed fragment of part name
automatic ID-based selection of EPROM/Flash EPROM
blank check, read, verify
program
erase
configuration and security bit program
illegal bit test
checksum
interprete the Jam Standard Test and Programming Language (STAPL), JEDEC standard
JESD-71
interprete the VME files compressed binary variation of SVF files
security
insertion test, reverse insertion check
contact check
ID byte check
special
production mode (automatic start immediately after device insertion)
lot of serialization modes (more type of incremental modes, from-file mode, custom
generator mode)
statistic
count-down mode
43
Buffer operations
view/edit, find/replace
fill/copy, move, byte swap, word/dword split
checksum (byte, word)
print
File load/save
no download time because programmer is PC controlled
automatic file type identification
Supported file formats
unformatted (raw) binary
HEX: Intel, Intel EXT, Motorola S-record, MOS, Exormax, Tektronix, ASCII-SPACE-HEX,,
ASCII HEX
Altera POF, JEDEC (ver. 3.0.A), e.g. from ABEL, CUPL, PALASM, TANGO PLD, OrCAD
PLD, PLD Designer ISDATA, etc.
JAM (JEDEC STAPL Format), JBC (Jam STAPL Byte Code), STAPL (STAPL File) JEDEC
standard JESD-71
VME (ispVME file VME2.0/VME3.0)
SVF (Serial Vector Format revision E)
STP (Actel STAPL file)
GENERAL
operating voltage 100-240V AC rated, 90-264 VAC max., 47-63 Hz
power consumption max. 20W active, about 2W sleep
dimensions 195x140x55 mm (7.7x5.5x2.2 inch)
weight 0.9kg (1.98 lb)
operating temperature 5°C ÷ 40°C (41°F ÷ 104°F)
operating humidity 20%..80%, non condensing
44
DATAMAN-40PRO
DATAMAN-40PRO
45
Introduction
DATAMAN-40PRO is next member of new generation of Windows based DATAMAN
universal programmers. Programmer is built to meet the demands of the development labs
and field engineers to universal, but portable programmer.
DATAMAN-40PRO is a small, fast and powerful programmer of all kinds of programmable
devices. Using build-in in-circuit serial programming (ISP) connector the programmer is able
to program ISP capable chips in-circuit. DATAMAN-40PRO isn't only a programmer, but also
a static RAM tester.
DATAMAN-40PRO provides very fast programming due to high-speed FPGA driven
hardware and USB 2.0 full speed port.
DATAMAN-40PRO interfaces with the IBM PC Pentium compatible or higher, portable or
desktop personal computers through USB port, what is important for new, LPT-port-less
computers (notebooks for example).
DATAMAN-40PRO has 40 powerful TTL pindrivers provide H/L/pull_up/pull_down and read
capability for each pin of socket. Advanced pindrivers incorporate high-quality high-speed
circuitry to deliver signals without overshoot or ground bounce for all supported devices. Pin
drivers operate down to 1.8V so you'll be ready to program the full range of today's advanced
low-voltage devices.
The programmer performs device insertion test (wrong device position in socket) and
contact check (poor contact pin-to-socket) before it programs each device. These
capabilities, supported by signature-byte check help prevent chip damage due to operator
error.
When programming specification require, the (DATAMAN-40PRO) programmer performs
programming verification at the marginal level of supply voltage, which, obviously, improves
programming yield, and guarantees long data retention.
DATAMAN-40PRO programmer is driven by an easy-to-use control program with pull-down
menu, hot keys and on-line help. Selecting of device is performed by its class, by
manufacturer or simply by typing a fragment of vendor name and/or part number.
Standard device-related commands (read, blank check, program, verify, erase) are boosted
by some test functions (insertion test, signature-byte check), and some special functions
(autoincrement).
All known data formats are supported. Automatic file format detection and conversion during
load of file.
The rich-featured autoincrement function enables to assign individual serial numbers to
each programmed device - or simply increments a serial number, or the function enables to
read serial numbers or any programmed device identification signatures from a file.
46
DATAMAN-40PRO
The software also provides a lot of information about programmed device. As a special, the
drawings of all available packages, explanation of chip labeling (the meaning of prefixes
and suffixes at the chips) for each supported chip are provided.
The software provide full information for ISP implementation: Description of ISP connector
pins for currently selected chip, recommended target design around in-circuit programmed
chip and other necessary information.
Various socket converters are available to handle device in PLCC, SOIC, SSOP, TSOP,
TSSOP, TQFP, QFN (MLF) and other packages.
Advanced design of the DATAMAN-40PRO programmer and careful manufacturing and
burning allows us to provide a three-year warranty on parts and labor for the programmer
(limited 25 000-cycle warranty on ZIF socket).
DATAMAN-40PRO elements
1)
2)
3)
4)
40 pin ZIF socket
power/sleep LED
work result LEDs
YES! Button
5)
6)
USB connector for PC
DATAMAN-40PRO communication cable
Power supply connector
47
7)
Connector for ISP
Power supply connector
+
Note: Due to low power consumption of DATAMAN-40PRO in inactive state, it doesn't
require power switch. When the power LED indicator glows with a low intensity the
DATAMAN-40PRO is in inactive mode.
Connecting DATAMAN-40PRO to PC
For DATAMAN-40PRO order of connecting USB cable and power supply to programmer is
irrelevant.
Problems related to the DATAMAN-40PRO
and their removing
If you have any problems with DATAMAN-40PRO
Common notes please.
PC interconnection,
PC interconnection, see section
Manipulation with the programmed device
After selection of desired device for your work, you can insert into the open ZIF socket (the
lever is up) and close socket (the lever is down). The correct orientation of the programmed
device in ZIF socket is shown on the picture near ZIF socket on the programmer's cover. The
programmed device is necessary to insert into the socket also to remove from the socket
when LED BUSY light off.
Warning: DATAMAN-40PRO programmer hasn’t protection devices, which protect the
content of programmed device against critical situations, for example power failures and PC
failure (interrupted cable...). Moreover, a device is usually destroyed in the programming
mode due to forced interruption of the control program run (Reset or switching the computer
off) due to removing the connecting cable, or unplugging the programmed device from the
ZIF socket. Incorrectly placed device in the ZIF socket can cause its damage or destruction.
48
DATAMAN-40PRO
In-system serial programming by
DATAMAN-40PRO
For general definition, recommendation and direction about ISP see section Common notes
/ ISP please.
Description of DATAMAN-40PRO ISP connector
As ISP connector is used 10 pins connector 1-1634689-0 from TE connectivity or other
compatible connector.
2
4
6
8 10
1
3
5
7
9
Front view at ISP connector of programmer.
Specification of ISP connector pins depends on the device, which you want to program. You
can find it in the control SW for programmer (PG4UW), menu Device / Device Info (Ctrl+F1).
Be aware, the ISP programming way of respective device must be selected. It is indicated by
(ISP) suffix after name of selected device.
These specifications correspond with application notes published of device manufacturers.
Note: Pin no. 1 is signed by triangle scratch on ISP cable connectors.
As ISP connectors are used 10 pins connectors 09185107813 from Harting or other
compatible connector.
DATAMAN-40PRO ISP cable
Warnings:
When you use DATAMAN-40PRO as ISP programmer, don’t insert device to ZIF
socket.
When you program devices in ZIF socket, don’t insert ISP cable to ISP connector.
Use only attached ISP cable. When you use other ISP cable (other material, length…),
programming may occur unreliable.
DATAMAN-40PRO can supply programmed device only, but target system cannot
supply DATAMAN-40PRO.
DATAMAN-40PRO apply programming voltage to target device and checks his value
(target system can modify programming voltage). If the programming voltage is different
as expected, no action with target device will be executed.
49
Note: H/L/read DATAMAN-40PRO driver
C1
H/L/read driver
in programmer
PU/PD driver
in programmer
R1
pin of ISP
connector
R2
C1=1nF, R1=1k3, R2=22k
Selftest
If you feel that your programmer does not react according to your expectation, please run the
programmer selftest using Diagnostic POD, enclosed with the standard delivery package.
Insert 40 pins diagnostic POD - type I into ZIF socket of the programmer. 40 pins
diagnostic POD - type I must be inserted as 40 pins device.
Run selftest of programmer in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest plus).
Technical specification
HARDWARE
Programmer
two D/A converters for VCCP and VPP, controllable rise and fall time
VCCP range 2..7V/350mA
VPP range 2..25V/200mA
USB 2.0/1.1 compatible interface
selftest capability
ZIF socket, pindriver
40-pin DIL ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket accepts both 300/600 mil devices up to 40-pins
pindriver: 40 TTL pindrivers, universal GND/VCC/VPP pindriver
50
DATAMAN-40PRO
FPGA based TTL driver provides H, L, CLK, pull-up, pull-down on all pindriver pins, level H
selectable from 1.8 V up to 5V
continuity test: each pin is tested before every programming operation
ISP connector
10-pin male type with miss insertion lock
6 TTL pindrivers, provides H, L, CLK, pull-up, pull-down; level H selectable from 1.8V up to
5V to handle all (low-voltage including) devices.
1x VCCP voltage (range 2V..7V/100mA) and 1x VPP voltage (range 2V..25V/50mA)
programmed chip voltage (VCCP) with both source/sink capability and voltage sense
Note: the programmer is not capable to supply a target system from VCCP pin. If you have
such demand, use please a DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C programmer
DEVICE SUPPORT
Programmer, in ZIF socket
EPROM: NMOS/CMOS, 27xxx and 27Cxxx series, with 8/16 bit data width, full support of
LV series (*1*2)
EEPROM: NMOS/CMOS, 28xxx, 28Cxxx, 27EExxx series, with 8/16 bit data width, full
support of LV series (*1*2)
Flash EPROM: 28Fxxx, 29Cxxx, 29Fxxx, 29BVxxx, 29LVxxx, 29Wxxx, 49Fxxx series, with
8/16 bit data width, full support of LV series (*1*2)
Serial E(E)PROM: 24Cxxx, 24Fxxx, 25Cxxx, 25Bxxx, 25Dxxx, 59Cxxx, 25Fxxx, 25Pxxx,
25Qxxx, 85xxx, 93Cxxx series, AT88SCxxx, full support for LV series (*1)
Configuration (EE)PROM: XCFxxx, 37LVxx, XC17xxxx, EPCxxx, AT17xxx, LV series
including
NV RAM: Dallas DSxxx, SGS/Inmos MKxxx, SIMTEK STKxxx, XICOR 2xxx, ZMD U63x
series
PLD: series: Atmel, AMD-Vantis, Cypress, ICT, Lattice, NS, ... (*1)
Microcontrollers 51 series: 87Cxxx, 87LVxx, 89Cxxx, 89Sxxx, 89LVxxx, 89LSxxx, 89LPxxx,
LPC series from Atmel, Atmel W&M, Intel, Philips, SST, Winbond (*1*2)
Microcontrollers Atmel AVR: AT90Sxxxx, AT90pwm, AT90can, AT90usb, ATtiny, ATmega,
series (*1*2)
Microcontrollers Cypress: CY8Cxxxxx
Microcontrollers ELAN: EM78Pxxx
Microcontrollers EM Microelectronic: 4 and 8 bit series
Microcontrollers Microchip PICmicro: PIC10xxx, PIC12xxx, PIC16xxx, PIC17Cxxx,
PIC18xxx, dsPIC series, 8-40 pins (*1*2)
Microcontrollers Scenix (Ubicom): SXxxx series
Microcontrollers Silicon Laboratories(Cygnal): C8051 series
Microcontrollers other: ASP, Macronix, Princeton, EXODUS Microelectronic, Goal, Ramtron,
Topro, VersaChips, Winbond
Programmer, through ISP connector
Serial E(E)PROM: IIC series
Microcontrollers Atmel: AT89Sxxx, AT90Sxxxx, ATtiny, ATmega series
Microcontrollers Cypress: CY8C2xxxx
Microcontrollers Elan: EM78Pxxx
Microcontrollers EM Microelectronic: 4 and 8 bit series
51
Microcontrollers Microchip PICmicro: PIC10xxx, PIC12xxx, PIC16xxx, PIC17xxx, PIC18xxx,
dsPIC series
Microcontrollers Philips: LPC series
Microcontrollers Silicon Laboratories(Cygnal): C8051 series
Notes:
(*1) - suitable adapters are available for non-DIL packages
(*2) - there exist only few adapters for devices with more than 40 pins. Therefore think
please about more powerful programmer (DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C), if
you need to program devices with more than 40 pins
For a full list of supported devices, please visit our website www.dataman.com.
I.C. Tester
Static RAM: 6116..624000
Programming speed
Device
Operation
27C010
AT29C040A
AM29F040
PIC16C67
PIC18F452
AT89C52
PIC16F876A
PIC12C508
Conditions:
programming and
programming and
programming and
programming and
programming and
programming and
programming and
programming and
verify
verify
verify
verify
verify
verify
verify
verify
Mode
Time
in ZIF
in ZIF
in ZIF
in ZIF
in ZIF
in ZIF
ISP
ISP
28 sec
32 sec
62 sec
10 sec
7 sec
16 sec
5 sec
3 sec
P4, 2,4GHz, USB 2.0 HS, Windows XP, PG4UW 2.11
SOFTWARE
Algorithms: only manufacturer approved or certified algorithms are used. Custom
algorithms are available at additional cost.
Algorithm updates: software updates are available approx. every 4 weeks, free of charge.
Main features: revision history, session logging, on-line help, device and algorithm
information
Device operations
standard:
intelligent device selection by device type, manufacturer or typed fragment of part name
blank check, read, verify
program
erase
configuration and security bit program
illegal bit test
checksum
security
insertion test
contact check
ID byte check
special
auto device serial number increment
52
DATAMAN-40PRO
statistic
count-down mode
Buffer operations
view/edit, find/replace
fill, copy, move, byte swap, word/dword split
checksum (byte, word)
print
File load/save
no download time because programmer is PC controlled
automatic file type identification
Supported file formats
unformatted (raw) binary
HEX: Intel, Intel EXT, Motorola S-record, MOS, Exormax, Tektronix, ASCII-SPACE-HEX
JEDEC (ver. 3.0.A), for example from ABEL, CUPL, PALASM, TANGO PLD, OrCAD PLD,
PLD Designer ISDATA etc.
GENERAL
operating voltage 15..20V DC, max. 500mA
power consumption max. 6W active, 1.4W inactive
dimensions 160x97x35 mm (6.3x3.8x1.4 inch)
weight (without external power adapter) ca. 500g (17.65 oz)
operating temperature 5°C ÷ 40°C (41°F ÷ 104°F)
operating humidity 20%..80%, non condensing
53
DATAMAN-MEMPRO
54
DATAMAN-MEMPRO
Introduction
DATAMAN-MEMPRO is next member of new generation of Windows based DATAMAN
specialized programmers. Programmer is built to meet the demands of the development labs
and field engineers for a specialized memory programmer.
DATAMAN-MEMPRO can be upgraded to DATAMAN-40PRO using the XPro-Upgrade kit.
DATAMAN-MEMPRO is small, fast and powerful programmer for virtually all memory types EPROM, EEPROM, NVRAM, Flash EPROM and serial EEPROM - low voltage types
including. DATAMAN-MEMPRO isn't only programmer, but also static RAM tester.
DATAMAN-MEMPRO provides very fast programming due to high-speed FPGA driven
hardware and USB 2.0 full speed port.
DATAMAN-MEMPRO interfaces with the IBM PC Pentium compatible or higher, portable or
desktop personal computers through USB port, what is important for new, LPT-port-less
computers (notebooks for example).
DATAMAN-MEMPRO has 40 powerful TTL pindrivers provide H/L/pull_up/pull_down and
read capability for each pin of socket. Advanced pindrivers incorporate high-quality highspeed circuitry to deliver signals without overshoot or ground bounce for all supported
devices. Pin drivers operate down to 1.8V so you'll be ready to program the full range of
today's advanced low-voltage devices.
The programmer performs device insertion test (wrong device position in socket) and
contact check (poor contact pin-to-socket) before it programs each device. These
capabilities, supported by signature-byte check help prevent chip damage due to operator
error.
When programming specification require, the (DATAMAN-MEMPRO) programmer performs
programming verification at the marginal level of supply voltage, which, obviously, improves
programming yield, and guarantees long data retention.
DATAMAN-MEMPRO is driven by an easy-to-use control program with pull-down menus,
hot keys and on-line help. Selecting of device is performed by its class, by manufacturer or
simply by typing a fragment of vendor name and/or part number.
Standard device-related commands (read, blank check, program, verify, erase) are
enhanced by some test functions (insertion test, signature-byte check), and some special
functions (autoincrement).
All known data formats are supported. Automatic file format detection and conversion during
load of file.
The rich-featured autoincrement function enables to assign individual serial numbers to
each programmed device - or simply increments a serial number, or the function enables to
read serial numbers or any programmed device identification signatures from a file.
55
The software also provides a lot of information about programmed device. As a special, the
drawings of all available packages, explanation of chip labeling (the meaning of prefixes
and suffixes at the chips) for each supported chip are provided.
Various socket converters are available to handle device in PLCC, SOIC, SSOP, TSOP,
TSSOP and other packages.
DATAMAN-MEMPRO elements
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
40 pin ZIF socket
power/sleep LED
work result LEDs
YES! Button
Connector for ISP (useable after upgrade to DATAMAN-40PRO only, details: see
DATAMAN-40PRO)
6)
7)
USB connector for PC
DATAMAN-MEMPRO communication cable
Power supply connector
56
DATAMAN-MEMPRO
Power supply connector
+
Connecting DATAMAN-MEMPRO to PC
For DATAMAN-MEMPRO order of connecting USB cable and power supply to programmer is
irrelevant.
Problems related to the DATAMAN-MEMPRO
interconnection, and their removing
If you have any problems with DATAMAN-MEMPRO
Common notes please.
PC
PC interconnection, see section
Manipulation with the programmed device
After selection of desired device for your work, you can insert into the open ZIF socket (the
lever is up) and close socket (the lever is down). The correct orientation of the programmed
device in ZIF socket is shown on the picture near ZIF socket on the programmer's cover. The
programmed device is necessary to insert into the socket also to remove from the socket
when LED BUSY light off.
Warning: DATAMAN-MEMPRO programmer hasn’t protection devices, which protect the
content of programmed device against critical situations, for example power failures and PC
failure (interrupted cable...). Moreover, a device is usually destroyed in the programming
mode due to forced interruption of the control program run (Reset or switching the computer
off) due to removing the connecting cable, or unplugging the programmed device from the
ZIF socket. Incorrectly placed device in the ZIF socket can cause its damage or destruction.
Selftest
If you feel that your programmer does not react according to your expectation, please run the
programmer selftest using Diagnostic POD, enclosed with the standard delivery package.
Insert 40 pins diagnostic POD - type I into ZIF socket of the programmer. 40 pins
diagnostic POD - type I must be inserted as 40 pins device.
Run selftest of programmer in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest plus).
57
Technical specification
HARDWARE
Programmer
two D/A converters for VCCP and VPP, controllable rise and fall time
VCCP range 0..7V/350mA
VPP range 0..25V/200mA
USB 2.0/1.1 compatible interface
selftest capability
ZIF socket, pindriver
40-pin DIL ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket accepts both 300/600 mil devices up to 40-pins
pindriver: 40 TTL pindrivers, specialized GND/VCC/VPP pindriver
FPGA based TTL driver provides H, L, CLK, pull-up, pull-down on all pindriver pins, level H
selectable from 1.8 V up to 5V
continuity test: each pin is tested before every programming operation
ISP connector (useable after upgrade to DATAMAN-40PRO only)
10-pin male type with miss insertion lock
6 TTL pindrivers, provides H, L, CLK, pull-up, pull-down; level H selectable from 1.8V up to
5V to handle all (low-voltage including) devices.
1x VCCP voltage (range 2V..7V/100mA) and 1x VPP voltage (range 2V..25V/50mA)
programmed chip voltage (VCCP) with both source/sink capability and voltage sense
DEVICE SUPPORT
Programmer
EPROM: NMOS/CMOS, 2708(*3), 27xxx and 27Cxxx series, with 8/16 bit data width, full
support of LV series (*1*2)
EEPROM: NMOS/CMOS, 28xxx, 28Cxxx, 27EExxx series, with 8/16 bit data width, full
support of LV series (*1*2)
Flash EPROM: 28Fxxx, 29Cxxx, 29Fxxx, 29BVxxx, 29LVxxx, 29Wxxx, 49Fxxx series, with
8/16 bit data width, full support of LV series (*1*2)
Serial E(E)PROM: 24Cxxx, 24Fxxx, 25Cxxx, 45Dxxx, 59Cxxx, 25Fxxx, 25Pxxx, NVM3060,
MDA206x (*3), 85xxx, 93Cxxx, full support for LV series (*1)
Configuration (EE)PROM: 37LVxx, XC17xxxx, AT17xxx, LV series including (*1)
NV RAM: Dallas DSxxx, SGS/Inmos MKxxx, SIMTEK STKxxx, XICOR 2xxx, ZMD U63x
series
Notes:
(*1) - suitable adapters are available for non-DIL packages
(*2) - there exist only few adapters for devices with more than 40 pins. Therefore think
please about more powerful programmer(DATAMAN-48PRO2 / DATAMAN-48PRO2C), if
you need to program devices with more than 40 pins
(*3) - programming with additional module
58
DATAMAN-MEMPRO
For a full list of supported devices, please visit our website www.dataman.com.
I.C. Tester
Static RAM: 6116..624000
Programming speed
Device
Operation
Mode
Time
27C010
AT29C040A
AM29F040
programming and verify
programming and verify
programming and verify
in ZIF
in ZIF
in ZIF
23 sec
31 sec
60 sec
Conditions:
P4, 2,4GHz, USB 2.0 HS, Windows XP
SOFTWARE
Algorithms: only manufacturer approved or certified algorithms are used.
Algorithm updates: software updates are available approx. every 2 weeks, free of charge.
Main features: revision history, session logging, on-line help, device and algorithm
information
Device operations
standard:
intelligent device selection by device type, manufacturer or typed fragment of part name
blank check, read, verify
program
erase
illegal bit test
checksum
security
insertion test
contact check
ID byte check
special
auto device serial number increment
statistic
count-down mode
Buffer operations
view/edit, find/replace
fill, copy, move, byte swap, word/dword split
checksum (byte, word)
print
File load/save
no download time because programmer is PC controlled
automatic file type identification
59
Supported file formats
unformatted (raw) binary
HEX: Intel, Intel EXT, Motorola S-record, MOS, Exormax, Tektronix, ASCII-SPACE-HEX
GENERAL
operating voltage 15..20V DC, max. 500mA
power consumption max. 6W active, 1.4W inactive
dimensions 160x97x35 mm (6.3x3.8x1.4 inch)
weight (without external power adapter) ca. 500g (17.65 oz)
operating temperature 5°C ÷ 40°C (41°F ÷ 104°F)
operating humidity 20%..80%, non condensing
60
Setup
Setup
61
The programmer package contains a CD with the control program, useful utilities and
additional information. The permission to freely copy the content of the CD is granted in order
to demonstrate how DATAMAN's programmers work.
For programmers connected through USB (LPT) port, control program requires correctly
installed USB driver
We recommended install software before connecting programmer to PC to avoid
unwanted complication during installation.
Software setup
Insert delivered CD to your CD drive and install program starts automatically (if not, run
setup.exe). Install program will guide you through the installation process and will do all the
necessary steps before you can first run the control program.
Step 1.
Click on “Software installation PROGRAMMERS” button.
62
Setup
Step 2.
Click on “Next” button
Step 3.
For change default folder click on “Browse” button, select the destination folder.
Then click on “Next” button
63
Step 4.
For change default folder click on “Browse” button, select the destination folder. Then click on
“Next” button
Step 5.
Check if “Install Multiprogramming control support” is selected.
Change default setting, if you want. Then click on “Next” button
64
Setup
Step 6.
Check your setting and then click on “Install” button
Step 7.
Installation process will start.
65
Step 8.
For first time installation of current version of driver only.
Click on “Continue Anyway” button.
For Windows Vista:
Click “ Install this driver software anyway”
66
Setup
Step 9.
Click “Finish” button to finish setup.
Step 10.
For Windows Vista only:
Click “This program installed correctly”
67
New versions of programmer software
In order to exploit all the capabilities of programmer we recommend using the latest version
of PG4UW. You may download the latest version of programmer software from our website
www.dataman.com.
Copy to a temporary directory, disconnect programmer from PC and then launch it. Setup will
start with Step 2 from previous chapter.
Hardware setup
When the programmer is connected to USB port before control program was installed,
Windows will detect new hardware and ask user to select driver installation method:
automatically or manually. To detect programmer correctly, control program installation CD
must be inserted to computer's CD-ROM drive and following steps have to be done:
Step 1.
Directly connect USB (LPT) cable to type B USB (LPT) port on programmer.
Step 2.
Directly connect USB (LPT) cable to type A USB2.0 (LPT) port on PC (high-speed
recommended).
Step 3.
Connect connectors of power supply cable to appropriate connectors on programmer and
wall plug.
Step 4.
Turn on programmer. At this time all 'work result' LEDs light up successive and then LEDs
switch off.
For LPT connected programmer you may start work with your programmer now.
For USB connected programmer continue with next step.
68
Setup
Step 5.
Windows will start with “Found new hardware wizard”.
For Windows XP, Service Pack 2 users only:
Select “No, not this time” and then click on “Next” button.
For all:
Select “Install the software automatically” and then click on “Next” button.
69
Step 6.
Click on “Continue Anyway” button.
For Windows Vista:
Click “ Install this driver software anyway”
70
Setup
Step 7.
Click “Finish” button to finish setup.
Step 8.
“Found new hardware wizard” will launch for each programmer one time (for
DATAMAN-448PRO2 4 times). Hardware setup will be continued with Step 5.
Note: If a different USB port on the PC is used for the next connection of programmer,
“Found new hardware wizard” will launch again and install new USB drivers.
71
PG4UW
72
PG4UW
PG4UW-the programmer software
Program PG4UW is common control program for above mentioned DATAMAN's
programmers. We guarantee running of these programs under all of above mentioned
operating systems without any problems.
Using the programmer software
The control program delivered by Dataman, included on the
CD in your package, is granted to be free from any viruses
at the moment of delivery.
Run the control program
In Windows environment: double click to icon PG4UW.
After start, control program PG4UW automatically scan all existing ports and search for the
connected some DATAMAN's programmer. Program PG4UW is common for all the
DATAMAN's programmers, hence program try to find all supported programmers.
Notes: When PG4UW is started, program is checked for its integrity. Than the program
display a standard user menu and waits for your instructions.
If the control program cannot communicate with the programmer, an error message appears
on the screen, including error code and description of possible reasons (disconnected
programmer, bad connection, power supply failure, incompatible printer port, ...). Eliminate
the error source and press any key. If error condition still exists, the program resumes its
operation in the demo mode and access to the programmer is not possible. If you cannot find
the cause of the error, follow the instructions in Troubleshooting section. In addition, the
control program checks communication with programmer prior to any operation with the
programmed device.
73
Description of the user screen
Windows program PG4UW
Toolbars
Under main menu are placed toolbars with button shortcuts of frequently used menu
commands. Toolbars are optional and can be turned off by menu command Options / View.
Log window
Log window contains the flow-control progress information about almost every operation
made in PG4UW.
Operation can be:
starting of PG4UW
programmer search
file/project load/save
selection of device
device operations (device read, blank check, programming, ...)
remote control application connection and disconnection
and other
Content of Log window can be saved to file concurrently while information is written to Log
window. This option can be set by menu Options / General options (and tab Log file in
dialog General options).
Panel Addresses
Panel Addresses contains information about actual address ranges of currently selected
device, loaded file and buffer start-end address settings. Some devices allow modifying
default device and buffer address ranges by menu command Device / Device options /
Operation options.
74
PG4UW
Panel Addresses also contains some advanced information about current status of Split,
Serialization and buffer checksum. For more information about each of the options, please
look at:
Split - menu Device / Device options / Operation options
Serialization - menu Device / Device options / Serialization
Checksum - menu Buffer / Checksum at section Checksum displayed in main window
Panel Programmer
Panel Programmer contains information about currently selected programmer.
The information includes
programmer type
port via programmer is connected to computer
programmer status, can be one of following
Ready - programmer is connected, successfully found and ready to work
Not found - programmer is not found
Demo - when user selects option (button) Demo in dialog Find programmer
YES! mode - some types of programmers allow to use special modes of starting next
device operation in one of following ways manually by control program dialog Repeat
manually by button YES! placed directly on programmer
automatically - programmer automatically detects device removing and insertion of
new device
For more details please look at Programmer / Automatic YES!.
Panel Device
It contains information about currently selected device.
The information includes
device name (type) and manufacturer
device adapter needed to use with currently selected programmer
reference to detailed Device info dialog, available also by menu Device / Device info
reference to Advanced device options - this is available for some types of devices only
Panel Statistics
It contains statistics information about currently selected device.
The information includes
number of successful, failure and total device operations
count-down status indicating number of remaining devices
Statistics and count-down options are available by menu command Device / Device options
/ Statistics or by mouse right click on panel Statistics and select item Statistics from popup
menu
Panel File
The panel is placed on the bottom of PG4UW main window. Panel shows currently loaded file
or project name, size and date.
75
List of hot keys
<F1>
<F2>
<F3>
<F4>
<F5>
<Alt+F5>
<F6>
<F7>
<F8>
<F9>
<Alt+Q>
<Alt+X>
<Ctrl+F1>
<Ctrl+F2>
<Ctrl+Shift+F2>
Help
Save
Load
Edit
Select/default
Select/manual
Blank
Read
Verify
Program
Exit without save
Exit and save
Erase
Calls Help
Save file
Load a file into the buffer
Viewing/editing of buffer
Target-device selection from 10 last selected devices list
Target-device selection by typing device/vendor name
Blank check
Reads device's content into the buffer
Compares contents of the target device with the buffer
Programs target device
Terminates the PG4UW
Terminates the PG4UW and saving settings too
Displays additional information about current device
Fill's the buffer with a given value
Fill's the buffer with random values.
File
Menu File is used for source files manipulation, settings and viewing directory, changes
drives, changes start and finish address of buffer for loading and saving files by binary,
MOTOROLA, MOS Technology, Intel (extended) HEX, Tektronix, ASCII space, JEDEC,
and POF format. The menu commands for loading and saving projects are located in this
submenu too.
File / Load
Analyse file format and loads the data from specified file to the buffer. You can choose the
format desired (binary, MOTOROLA, MOS Technology, Tektronix, Intel (extended) HEX,
ASCII space, JEDEC and POF). The control program stores a last valid mask for file listing.
You can save the mask into the config. file by command Options / Save options.
The reserved key <F3> will bring out this menu from any menu and any time.
File formats description:
ASCII HEX format
Each data byte is represented as 2 hexadecimal characters, and is separated by white space
from all other data bytes. The address for data bytes is set by using a sequence of $Annnn,
characters, where nnnn is the 4-hex characters of the address. The comma is required.
Although each data byte has an address, most are implied. Data bytes are addressed
sequentially unless an explicit address is included in the data stream. Implicitly, the file starts
an address 0 if no address is set before the first data byte. The file begins with a STX
(Control-B) character (0x02) and ends with a ETX (Control-C) character (0x03).
Note: The checksum field consists of 4 hex characters between the $S and comma
characters. The checksum immediately follows an end code.
Here is an example of ASCII HEX file. It contains the data "Hello, World" to be loaded at
address 0x1000:
^B $A1000,
48 65 6C 6C 6F 2C 20 57 6F 72 6C 64 0A ^C
$S0452,
76
PG4UW
ASCII SPACE format
Very simple hex file format similar as ASCII HEX without checksum field, without start (STX)
and end (ETX) characters. Each data byte is represented as 2 hexadecimal characters, and
is separated by white space from all other data bytes. The address field is separated by white
space from data bytes. The address is set by using a sequence of 4-8 hex characters.
Here is an example of ASCII SPACE file. It contains the data "Hello, World" to be loaded at
address 0x1000:
0001000 48 65 6C 6C 6F 2C 20 57 6F 72 6C 64 0A
Straight HEX format
Very simple hex file format similar as ASCII HEX without address and checksum fields,
without start (STX) and end (ETX) characters. Each data byte is represented as 2
hexadecimal characters, and is separated by white space from all other data bytes.
Here is an example of Straight HEX file. It contains the data "Hello, World":
48 65 6C 6C 6F 2C 20 57 6F 72 6C 64 0A
Samsung HEX format
Samsung HEX file format is slight modification of Intel HEX format, therefore in the software
is recognized and indicated as Intel HEX file format.
Note for special x16 formats:
Intel HEXx16 is Intel Hex file format with 16 bits data word for TMS320F devices.
Motorola HEXx16 is Motorola file format with 16 bits data word for TMS320F devices.
Checking the check box Automatic file format recognition tells program to detect file format
automatically. When program can't detect file format from one of supported formats, the
binary file format is assumed.
When the check box Automatic file format recognition is unchecked program allows user
to manually select wished file format from list of available file formats on panel Selected file
format. Default set is from Options / General options in panel Load file format at tab File
options.
Attention: Program doesn't know recognize files in ASCII Hex format automatically, it
recognizes them as binary. So download files in ASCII Hex format with disabled option for
automatic file format recognition.
Panel Additional operation
Checking the check box Erase buffer before loading tells the program to erase all buffer
data using entered Erase value. Buffer erase is performed immediately before reading file
content to buffer and it is functional for binary and all HEX file formats. Using this one-shot
setting disables current setting of Erase buffer before loading option in menu Options /
General options at tab Hex file options.
If the checkbox Swap bytes is displayed, the user can activate function of swapping bytes
within 16bit words (or 2-byte words) during reading of file. This feature is useful especially
when loading files with Motorola representation of byte order in file (big endian). Standard
load file is using little endian byte order.
77
Note: Big-endian and little-endian are terms that describe the order in which a sequence of
bytes are stored in computer memory. Big-endian is an order in which the "big end" (most
significant value in the sequence) is stored first (at the lowest storage address). Little-endian
is an order in which the "little end" (least significant value in the sequence) is stored first. For
example, in a big-endian computer, the two bytes required for the hexadecimal number 4F52
would be stored as 4F52H in storage address 1000H as: 4FH is stored at storage address
1000H, and 52H will be at address 1001H. In a little-endian system, it would be stored as
524FH (52H at address 1000H, and 4FH at address 1001H).
Number 4F52H is stored in memory:
Address
1000H
1001H
Big endian system
4FH
52H
Little endian system
52H
4FH
Add blank spare area - (for NAND Flash devices) if checked, adds blank spare area data
during file load to relevant position in buffer (dependent on selected device).
Panel Buffer offset for loading
Panel Buffer offset for loading contains one-shot offset setting for loading data from file to
buffer. The setting is used to specify optional offset of loaded data to store to buffer. When
Load file dialog window is opened, offset has always default setting None. It means, no offset
is used to store read data in buffer.
Available offset options are:
None
this setting means, no offset is applied for loading data from file to buffer.
Positive offset set of offset value, which is added to current address to store data to buffer.
This offset is available for all formats and is used in x8 format, if current
buffer organization is x8, or in x16 format, if current buffer organization is
x16.
Negative offset mode has two options:
Negative offset and Automatic negative offset - set by two ways: manual or automatic.
For manual set use option Negative offset and put wished offset value to its edit box.
For automatic offset detection use option Automatic negative offset. This value is subtracted
from current address for save data to buffer.
Negative offset value (manually defined or automatically detected) is subtracted from current
buffer address for store data to buffer.
Negative offset is applied only for all HEX file formats and is using always x8 format. Negative
offset settings are ignored for binary files and other non-HEX files.
Notes:
Since the value of negative offset is subtracted from real address, the result of subtraction
can be negative number. Therefore take care of correct setting of this value!
We recommend automatic set of negative offset in special cases only. This option
contains a heuristic analyze, which can treat some data in file incorrectly. There are
especially critical files, which contain a fragmented addresses range and which exceeds a
size of selected device - some block can be ignored.
Automatic negative offset option is not available for some kinds of special devices, that
require HEX files with exactly specified blocks used for the devices - for example
78
PG4UW
Microchip PICmicro devices. For these special devices, there are available only manual
offset settings (None, Positive offset, Negative offset).
Example for negative offset using:
A file contains data by Motorola S - format.
A data block started at address FFFF0H.
It is a S2 format with length of address array of 3 bytes.
For all data reading you can set Negative offset option and value of negative offset to
FFFF0H.
It means, that the offset will be subtracted from current real addresses and so data will be
written from buffer address 0.
List of file format codes and error codes
There can occur some errors during file download in some of supported formats. The error is
written to LOG window in face "Warning: error #xxy in line rrr", xx is file format code, y is error
code and rrr is line number in decimal.
File format codes:
#00y - binary
#10y - ASCII Space
#20y - Tektronix
#30y - Extended Tektronix
#40y - Motorola
#50y - MOS Technology
#60y - Intel HEX
Load file error codes:
#xx1 - bad first character - header
#xx2 - bad character in current line
#xx3 - bad CRC
#xx4 - bad read address
#xx5 - bad length of current line
#xx6 - too big negative offset
#xx7 - address is out of buffer range
#xx8 - bad type of selected file format
#xx9 - the file wasn't loaded all
File / Save
Saves data in the buffer, which has been created, modified, or read from a device onto a
specified disk. The file format of saved file can be chosen from supported formats list box.
There can be also entered the Buffer start and Buffer end addresses which exactly specify
part of buffer to save to file. Supported file formats now are binary, MOTOROLA, MOS
Technology, Tektronix, Intel (extended) HEX, ASCII space, JEDEC and POF.
If the checkbox Swap bytes is displayed, the user can activate function of swapping bytes
within 16bit words (or 2-byte words) during writing to file. This feature is useful especially
when saving files with Motorola representation of byte order in file (big endian). Standard
save file operation is using little endian byte order.
The reserved key <F2> will bring out this menu from any menu and any time.
79
File / Load project
This option is used for loading project file, which contains device configuration buffer data
saved and user interface configuration.
The standard dialog Load project contains additional window - Project description - placed
at the bottom of dialog. This window is for displaying information about currently selected
project file in dialog Load project.
Project information consists of:
manufacturer and name of the first device selected in the project
date and time of project creation
user written description of project (it can be arbitrary text, usually author of project and
some notes)
Note: for projects with serialization turned on
Serialization is read from project file by following procedure:
1. Serialization settings from project are accepted
2. Additional serialization file search is performed. If the file is found it will be read and
serialization settings from the additional file will be accepted. Additional serialization file
is always associated to the specific project file. When additional serialization file settings
are accepted, project serialization settings are ignored.
Name of additional serialization file is derived from project file name by adding extension ".sn"
to project file's name.
Additional serialization file is always placed to the directory "serialization\" into the control
program's directory.
Example:
Project file name: my_work.prj
Control program's directory: c:\Program Files\Programmer\
The additional serialization file will be:
c:\Program Files\Programmer\serialization\my_work.prj.sn
Additional serialization file is created and refreshed after successful device program
operation. The only requirement for creating additional serialization file is load project with
serialization turned on.
Command File / Save project deletes additional serialization file, if the file exists, associated
with currently saved project.
Enter job identification dialog
The dialog will be showed when loading protected project files.
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It contains two editable fields:
Operator identification
this parameter will be used to identify programmer's operator.
Operator ID must be at least 3 chars. User has to enter
Operator identification value, because it is mandatory
parameter, when creating Job Report for protected project.
Enter Job ID
identification of current job.
Note: Dialog Enter job identification is not password dialog. Values of Operator identification
and Job ID have informative purpose only; they will be included in Job Report. It does not
relate to protected and/or encrypted project passwords.
File / Save project
This option is used for saving project file, which contains settings of device configuration and
buffer data saved. Data saved to project file can be restored anytime by menu command File
/ Load project.
Description of actually selected project in file list box
Displays information about existing project file currently selected in dialog Save project. This
box is only for information and is not writable.
Description of project being saved
Upper half displays information about actual program configuration including currently
selected device, program mode, date and time, etc., and is not writable. These actual
program settings are used for creation of project description header.
Bottom half is user editable and contains project description (arbitrary text) which usually
consists of project author and some notes.
Checkbox Encrypt project file (with password) is used to save project in special format
using encryption algorithm. This prevents loading project file into software without knowledge
of password. After clicking the button with key, password dialog appears, which is used to
specify encryption password for project being saved.
Checkbox Set Protected mode of software after loading of this project file is used to
save project in special mode called Protected mode. After clicking the button with key,
password dialog appears, which is used to specify Protected mode password for project
being saved, and another security options (disable other project loading, device operations
restriction) to prevent operator's mistakes. Projects saved with active Protected mode are
special projects called Protected mode projects. For more detailed information about
Protected mode projects see Options / Protected mode. When Protected mode is active,
the software indicates this by label Protected mode in right top corner of Programmer
activity log.
Recommendation: passwords for Encrypt project file (with password) and Set Protected
mode of software after loading of this project file should not be the same.
Checkbox Require project file checksum before first programming when active, software
asks user for entering correct project file unique ID, before allowing to start the first device
programming after load project. This feature is recommended for additional check, that
correct project file is recently loaded. There is also recommended to use this checkbox along
with active Protected mode. When the request of project file unique ID is active, the software
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indicates this by label (ID) next to project file name in bottom status line in control program
main window.
Note: Option Require project file unique ID before first programming is replacement of former
Require project file checksum before first programming. Unique ID advantage over generic
checksum is that unique ID is calculated not just from main device buffer data, but also from
secondary buffers data used by device and available device settings. When the request of
project file checksum is active, the software indicates this by label (CSum) next to project file
name in bottom status line in control program main window. This option is no longer available
in Save project dialog, but it can be activated after loading of older project file, that has the
checksum request set on.
File / Reload file
Choose this option to reload a recently used file.
When you use a file, it is added to the Reload file list. Files are listed in order depending on
time of use of them. Lastly used files are listed before files used far off.
To Reload a file:
1. From the File menu, choose Reload file.
2. List of lastly used files is displayed. Click the file you want to reload.
Note: When reloading a file the file format is used, by which the file was lastly loaded/saved.
File / Reload project
Choose this option to reload a recently used project.
When you use a project, it is added to the Reload project list. Projects are listed in order
depending on time of use of them. Lastly used projects are listed before projects used far off.
To Reload a project:
1. From the File menu, choose Reload project.
2. List of lastly used projects is displayed. Click the project you want to reload.
File / Project options
This option is used for display/edit project options of actually loaded project. Project options
mean basic description of project including following project data:
device name and manufacturer
project creation date
user defined project description (arbitrary text), e.g. project author and other text data for
more detailed project description
User can directly edit user defined project description only. Device name, manufacturer,
project date and program version are generated automatically by program.
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File / Load encryption table
This command loads the data from binary file from disk and it saves them into the part of
memory, reserved for an encryption (security) table.
File / Save encryption table
This command writes the content of the memory's part, reserved for an encryption table, into
the file on the disk as a binary data.
File / Exit without save
The command deallocates heap, cancels buffer on disk (if exists) and returns back to the
operation system.
File / Exit and save
The command deallocates heap, cancels buffer on the disk (if exists), saves current setting of
recently selected devices to disk and returns back to the operation system.
Buffer
Menu Buffer is used for buffer manipulation, block operation, filling a part of buffer with string,
erasing, checksum and of course editing and viewing with other items (find and replace
string, printing...).
Buffer / View/Edit
This dialog is used to view (view mode) or edit (edit mode) data in buffer. Use arrow keys for
select data for edit. The data in buffer outside of area where are located data for the selected
chip are shown using gray background.
You can use <F4> hot key also.
View/Edit Buffer
This dialog is used to view (view mode) or edit (edit mode) data in buffer. Use arrow keys for
select data for edit. The data in buffer outside of area where are located data for the selected
chip are shown using gray background.
Following commands are available for editing buffer data. Please note, that not all commands
are available for all situations. It depends on selected device and buffer(s) used for device.
F1
F2
Ctrl+F2
Ctrl+Shift+F2
Shift+F2
display help of actual window
fill block causes filling selected block of buffer by requested hex (or ASCII)
string. Sets start and end block for filling and requested hex or ASCII string.
erase buffer with specified blank value
fill buffer with random data
save buffer data to binary file. This command is available for secondary
buffers only. Secondary buffers are special areas used for some devices,
for example Data EEPROM for Microchip PICmicro devices. Commands
for Load/Save data to/from Main buffer are available in main menu "File"
and also by buttons Load, Save in main application window.
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F3
copy block is used to copy specified block of data in current buffer on new
address. Target address needn't be out from source block addresses.
Shift+F3
load data from binary file to buffer. This command is available for
secondary buffers only. For more information see notes for save buffer
data command (Shift+F2) above.
F4
move block is used to move specified block of data in current buffer on new
address. Target address needn't be out from source block addresses.
Source address block (or part) will be filled by topical blank character.
F5
swap bytes command swaps a high- and low- order of byte pairs in current
buffer block. This block must start on even address and must have an even
number of bytes. If these conditions do not fulfill, the program modifies
addresses itself (start address is moved on lower even address and/or end
address is moved on higher odd address).
F6
print buffer
F7
find string (max. length 16 ASCII characters)
F8
find and replace string (max. 16 ASCII chars.)
F9
change current address
F10
change mode view / edit
F11
switch the mode of buffer data view between 8 bit and 16 bit view. It can be
also doing by mouse clicking on the button to the right of View/Edit mode
buffer indicator. This button indicates actual data view mode (8 bit or 16
bit), too.
F12
checksum dialog allows counting checksum of selected block of buffer
Arrow keys
move cursor up, down, right and left
Home/End
jump on start / end current line
PgUp/PgDn
jump on previous / next page
Ctrl+PgUp/PgDn jump on start / end current page
Ctrl+Home/End jump on start / end current device
Shift+Home/End jump on start / end current buffer
Backspace
move cursor one position left (back)
Note: characters 20H - FFH (mode ASCII) and numbers 0...9, A...F (mode HEX) immediately
changes content of edit area.
Warning: Editing of ASCII characters for word devices is disabled.
Print buffer
This command allows write selected part of buffer to printer or to file. Program uses at it an
external text editor in which selected block of buffer is displayed and can be printed or saved
to file, too. By default is set simple text editor notepad.exe, which is standard part of all
versions of Windows.
In Print buffer dialog are following options:
Block start
Defines start address of selected block in buffer.
Block end
Defines end address of selected block in buffer.
External editor
This item defines path and name of external program, which has to be used as text viewer for
selected block of buffer. By default is set simple text editor notepad.exe, which is standard
part of all versions of Windows. User can define any text editor for example wordpad.exe,
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which is able to work with large text files. In user defined text editor user can print or save to
file selected block of buffer.
The external editor path and name is saved automatically to disk.
Find dialog box
Enter the search string to Find to text input box and choose <Find> to begin the search or
choose <Cancel> to forget it.
Direction box specifies which way you want to search, starting from the current cursor
position (In edit mode). Forward (from the current position or start of buffer to the end of the
buffer) is the default. Backward searches toward the beginning. In view mode searches all
buffer.
Origin specifies where the search should start.
Find & Replace dialog box
Enter the search string in the Text to find string input box and enter the replacement string in
the Replace with input box.
In Options box you can select prompt on replace: if program finds instance you will be asked
before program change it.
Origin specifies where the search should start.
Direction box specifies which way you want to search, starting from the current cursor
position (In edit mode). Forward (from the current position or start of buffer to the end of the
buffer) is the default. Backward searches toward the beginning. In view mode searches all
buffer.
Press <Esc> or click Cancel button to close dialog window.
By pressing Replace button the dialog box is closed and a Question window is displayed.
This window contains following choices:
Yes
replaces found item and finds next
No
finds next item without replacing current one
Replace All replaces all found items
Abort search
aborts this command
View/Edit buffer for PLD
Ctrl+F2
Ctrl+Shift+F2
F9
F10
F11
erase buffer with specified blank value
fill buffer with random data
go to address...
change mode view / edit
switch the mode of buffer data view between 1 bit and 8 bit view. It can
be also doing by mouse clicking on the button to the right of View/Edit
mode buffer indicator. This button indicates actual data view mode (1 bit
or 8 bit), too.
Arrow keys
move cursor up, down, right and left
Home/End
jump on start / end current line
PgUp/PgDn
jump on previous / next page
Ctrl+PgUp/PgDn
jump on start / end current page
Ctrl+Home/End
jump on start / end edit area
Backspace
move cursor one position left (back)
Note: Characters 0 and 1 immediately changes content of edit area.
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Buffer / Fill block
Selecting this command causes filling selected block of buffer by requested hex (or ASCII)
string.
Selecting option "Allow address history logging" activates saving of recently confirmed values.
These are saved for each device separately, count is limited to last 15 items.
Note: Address history values are common for all buffer data manipulation dialogs.
Default address range is set according to buffer range of selected device.
Selecting option "Maintain last inserted values" causes that for the next time you open this
dialog, previously confirmed values will be reloaded as default.
Buffer / Copy block
This command is used to copy specified block of data in current buffer on new address.
Target address needn't be out from source block addresses.
Buffer / Move block
This command is used to move specified block of data in current buffer on new address.
Target address needn't be out from source block addresses. Source address block (or part)
will be filled by topical blank character.
Selecting option "Allow address history logging" activates saving of recently confirmed values.
These are saved for each device separately, count is limited to last 15 items.
Note: Address history values are common for all buffer data manipulation dialogs.
Default address range is set according to buffer range of selected device.
Selecting option "Maintain last inserted values" causes that for the next time you open this
dialog, previously confirmed values will be reloaded as default.
Buffer / Swap block
This command swaps a high- and low- order of byte pairs, foursomes or nibbles inside bytes
depending on swap mode selected by user. Swap operation is performed on buffer block
specified by Start and End addresses. This block must start on even address and must have
an even number of bytes. If the conditions do not fulfill, the program modifies addresses itself
(start address is moved on lower even address and/or end address is moved on higher odd
address).
Following swap modes are available, user can select from:
1. Swap 2-bytes inside 16-bit words
2. Swap 4-bytes inside 32-bit words
3. Swap nibbles inside bytes
4.Mirror bits inside bytes
swap of byte pairs inside 16-bit words.
swap of byte foursomes inside 32-bit words.
swap of high- and low- nibbles inside each byte.
mirror bits inside each byte
Examples of swap operation in buffer:
Swap bytes operation from Start address 0 to End address N modifies data in buffer by
following tables:
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Address
Original
Data
0000h
0001h
0002h
0003h
0004h
0005h
0006h
0007h
b0
b1
b2
b3
b4
b5
b6
b7
Swap 4-bytes
inside 32-bit
words
b3
b2
b1
b0
b7
b6
b5
b4
Swap 2-bytes
inside 16-bit
words
b1
b0
b3
b2
b5
b4
b7
b6
Swap
nibbles
inside bytes
b0n
b1n
b2n
b3n
b4n
b5n
b6n
b7n
Mirror bits
inside
bytes
b0m
b1m
b2m
b3m
b4m
b5m
b6m
b7m
b0, b1, b2, ... means original buffer byte values from addresses 0, 1, 2, ...
b0n, b1n, b2n, ... means nibble-swapped original bytes b0, b1, b2, ... by following rules:
Original Byte bits
Nibble-swapped Byte Bits
bit 7
bit 3
bit 6
bit 2
bit 5
bit 1
bit 4
bit 0
bit 3
bit 7
bit 2
bit 6
bit 1
bit 5
bit 0
bit 4
Original Byte bits
Mirrored Byte Bits
bit 7
bit 0
bit 6
bit 1
bit 5
bit 2
bit 4
bit 3
bit 3
bit 4
bit 2
bit 5
bit 1
bit 6
bit 0
bit 7
Selecting option "Allow address history logging" activates saving of recently confirmed values.
These are saved for each device separately, count is limited to last 15 items.
Note: Address history values are common for all buffer data manipulation dialogs.
Default address range is set according to buffer range of selected device.
Selecting option "Maintain last inserted values" causes that for the next time you open this
dialog, previously confirmed values will be reloaded as default.
Buffer / Erase
If this command is selected, the content of the buffer will be filled with topical blank character.
Selecting option "Allow address history logging" activates saving of recently confirmed values.
These are saved for each device separately, count is limited to last 15 items.
Note: Address history values are common for all buffer data manipulation dialogs.
Default address range is set according to buffer range of selected device.
Selecting option "Maintain last inserted values" causes that for the next time you open this
dialog, previously confirmed values will be reloaded as default.
The reserved key <Ctrl+F2> will bring out this menu from any menu and any time.
Buffer / Fill random data
If this command is selected, the content of the buffer will be filled with random data.
Selecting option "Allow address history logging" activates saving of recently confirmed values.
These are saved for each device separately, count is limited to last 15 items.
Note: Address history values are common for all buffer data manipulation dialogs.
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Default address range is set according to buffer range of selected device.
Selecting option "Maintain last inserted values" causes that for the next time you open this
dialog, previously confirmed values will be reloaded as default.
The reserved key <Shift+Ctrl+F2> will bring out this menu from any menu and any time.
Buffer / Duplicate buffer content
This command performs duplicate buffer content in range of source EPROM to range of
destination EPROM. This procedure is suitable if there is used for example 27C512 EPROM
to 27C256 EPROM position.
Note: The procedure always uses buffer start address 00000h.
Buffer / Checksum
Checksum of data stored in buffer of PG4UW is useful to verify that the buffer data are
correct.
PG4UW contains following functions related to checksum:
Tab Checksum calculator, this is on-demand checksum calculator that can calculate
and display various types of checksums of various data blocks in buffer. (*1)
Tab Main checksum options contains options for Automatic checksum calculator with
Main checksum value displayed in main window of PG4UW in table Addresses and in
Log window of PG4UW (*2)
Checksum calculator contains on-demand checksum calculator. (*1)
Fields From address and To address are used to enter address range for main
checksum calculation. Addresses are used only when checkbox Enabled is checked.
Address is always defined as Byte address.
Group Exclude buffer block(s) from checksum calculation is useful for example
for serialization. Serialization usually modifies data at specified addresses in buffer.
So there is problem to check the checksum of buffer, when data on some addresses
were changed by serialization engine before each device programming. If part of
buffer (data block) used for serialization is excluded from checksum calculation, the
checksum of buffer data will not be changed by serialization data changes. One or
more excluded blocks can be specified.
Fields displaying values of calculated checksum types: see description of types at
the bottom.
Column marked as STRAIGHT is result of checksum calculation without additional
adjustments.
Column marked as NEGATED is a negation of checksum so, that SUM + NEG. =
FFFFH.
Column marked as SUPPLEMENT is complement of checksum so, that SUM +
SUPPL. = 0 (+ carry).
Insert checksum options box - this box contains following options for Calculate &
insert operation:
Insert checksum
Kind of checksum that is written into the buffer when, the
Calculate & insert operation was executed.
Insert at address
Address in buffer where a result of chosen checksum is
written, when the Calculate & insert was executed. Address
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can not be specified inside the range <From address> to
<To address>. Address is always defined as Byte address.
Size
Size of chosen checksum result, which will be written into
the buffer. A size of inserted checksum may be Byte (8-bit),
Word (16-bit) or DWORD (32-bit). If size is smaller then
selected checksum size, only lower byte(s) of checksum
value will be written into the buffer.
Note: If Word size was selected, a low byte of checksum
value will be written on address specified in box Insert
address and a high byte will be written on address
incremented by one. Similarly it is for DWORD.
Calculate button - click on the button Calculate starts calculating checksums for
selected block in buffer. No writes into the buffer are executed.
Calculate & insert button - click on the button Calculate & insert starts calculating
checksums for selected block in the buffer and writes the chosen checksum into the
buffer on address specified by Insert address. This function is available for Byte,
Word, CRC-CCITT and CRC-XMODEM checksums.
Close button - closes dialog Checksum.
(*1) These values aren't saved into project; they are initialized to defaults with each new
device selection.
Tab Main checksum options allow you to set mode of Automatic checksum calculator.
(*2)
group Custom address range for main checksum
Enabled - user defined addresses are used to calculate checksum of buffer data,
otherwise, if Disabled, global Buffer start and Buffer end address is used for
calculation of checksum of buffer data
Fields From address and To address are used to enter address range for main
checksum calculation. Addresses are used only when checkbox Enabled is
checked.
Selection group Checksum type allows selecting wished kind of checksum to be
used for main checksum. More information about Checksum types can be found at
the bellow.
Field Checksum contains actual value of recently calculated checksum.
Group Exclude buffer block(s) from checksum calculation - same as for Tab
Checksum calculator
Button Apply is used to confirm checksum settings from Main checksum options.
Please note, that once the button is pressed, previous checksum settings are lost.
Button Close is used to close the Checksum dialog. If you made some changes in
settings, they won't take effect until you press Apply.
(*2) These values are stored into configuration file and project file. Setting from project file
has higher precedence.
Checksum types
Byte sum (x8)
Buffer data are summed byte-by-byte irrespective of current buffer view mode (x8/x16/x1)
organization. Any carry bits exceeding 32-bits are neglected. This checksum mode is
indicated by string (x8) displayed after checksum value in main program window.
Word sum Little Endian (x16)
Buffer data are summed word-by-word irrespective of current buffer view mode organization.
Any carry bits exceeding 32-bits are neglected. This checksum mode is indicated by string
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(x16 LE) displayed after checksum value in main program window. Term Little Endian means,
the buffer checksum is calculated from words read from buffer in Little Endian mode.
Word sum Big Endian (x16)
Buffer data are summed word-by-word irrespective of current buffer view mode organization.
Any carry bits exceeding 32-bits are neglected. This checksum mode is indicated by string
(x16 BE) displayed after checksum value in main program window. Term Big Endian means,
the buffer checksum is calculated from words read from buffer in Big Endian mode.
CRC-CCITT
Buffer data are summed by bytes to Word using polynomial x^16+x^12+x^5+1 (0x1021), init
value 0, and XOR out 0, reflexions in/out are off
CRC-XMODEM
Buffer data are summed by bytes to Word using polynomial x^16 + x^15 + x^2 +1 (0x8005),
init value 0
CRC-16
Buffer data are summed by bytes to sum by bytes to WORD using standard CRC-16
algorithm with polynomial x^16+x^15+x^2+1 (0x8005), init value 0, and XOR out 0
CRC-32
Buffer data are summed by bytes to DWORD using standard CRC-32 algorithm with
polynomial 0x04C11DB7, init value 0xFFFFFFFF, and XOR out 0xFFFFFFFF
MD5
an MD5 hash expressed as a sequence of 32 hexadecimal digits (128 bits)
SHA-1
"Secure Hash Standard" expressed as a sequence of 40 hexadecimal digits (160 bits)
Checksum forms
Straight checksum without additional adjustments.
Negated negation of checksum so, that SUM + NEG. = FFFFH.
Supplement is complement of checksum so, that SUM + SUPPL. = 0 (+ carry).
Device dependent checksum - applies for some devices, e.g. STMicroelectronics's STM8
family The checksum modes for main checksum can be set in pop-up menu by clicking on
label checksum in main program window or by menu shortcuts
Shift+Ctrl+1 for Byte sum (x8),
Shift+Ctrl+2 for Word sum Little Endian (x16)
Shift+Ctrl+3 for Word sum Big Endian (x16) etc...
Word is 16-bit word. DWORD is 32-bit word.
Device
Menu Device includes functions for a work with selected programmable devices - device
select, read data from device, device blank check, device program, device verify and device
erase.
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Device / Select from default devices
This window allows selecting the desired type of the device from list of default devices. This
one is a cyclic buffer in which are stored recently selected devices including their device
options. This list is saved to disk by command File / Exit and save.
If you wish display additional information about the current device, use an <Ctrl+F1> key.
This command provides a size of device, organization, programming algorithm and a list of
programmers (including auxiliary modules) that supported this device. You can find here
package information and other general information about current device too.
Use a <Del> key for delete of current device from list of default devices. There isn’t possible
to empty this list, if you repeat this access. The last device stays in buffer and the <Del> key
isn't accepted.
Device / Select device...
This window allows selecting the desired type of the device from all devices supported by
current programmer. It is possible to choose device by name, by type or by manufacturer.
Note 1: The names of the programmable devices in software don't contain all characters,
shown at the top of the chip or mentioned in the datasheet section part numbering. The
names contain all characters necessary to identification of the device, but don't contain such
codes, that have none influence to the programming, for example temperature code, speed
code, packing type code, etc.. If such code letter is at the end of the name, is omitted, if such
code letter is in the middle of name, then is replaced by character 'x'.
Examples:
Devices Am27C512-150, Am27C512-200 and Am27C512-250 are shown in the software
only once, as Am27C512
S29GL064N11TF1010 device is shown in the software as S29GL064NxxTxx01
Note 2: If some device is listed twice and the second time with suffix x16, it means, that
programming algorithm provides faster word mode.
Selected device is automatically saved to buffer of default devices. This buffer is accessible
with Device / Select from default devices command.
In the Search mask field you can enter mask for filtering of whole device list by device name,
manufacturer and/or programming adapter names. The space as delimiter of filter items
(fragments) has "OR" function. If you want to enter exact filter string including spaces, use
quotation mark character ".
Example:
We need to see the devices that need no adapter, and we know that such devices have
following note string in Adapter column of device list: Note: in ZIF socket of programmer. The
suitable filter to show only wished devices is "in ZIF" (including quotation marks). The filter
strings are not case sensitive, i.e. for example "ZIF" is the same as "zif".
If you wish display additional information about the current device, use button Device info or
an <Ctrl+F1> key. This command provides a size of device, organization, programming
algorithm and a list of programmers (including auxiliary modules) that supported this device.
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You can find here package information and other general information about current device
too.
The currently displayed device list can be saved to text file by pressing button Save currently
displayed list to file.
Select device ... / All
This window allows selecting the desired type of the device from all devices supported by
current programmer. Supported devices are displayed in a list box.
Device can be select by double click on a line from list with desired manufacturer name and
device number or by entering manufacturer name and/or device number in a search box (use
a key <Space> as a separation character) and press <Enter> or click OK button.
Press a key <Esc> or click Cancel button at any time to cancel device selection without
affecting the currently selected device.
Selected device is automatically saved to buffer of default devices. This buffer is accessible
with Device / Select from default devices command.
If you wish display additional information about the current device, use button Device info or
an <Ctrl+F1> key. This command provides a size of device, organization, programming
algorithm and a list of programmers (including auxiliary modules), which supported this
device. You can find here package information and other general information about current
device too.
Select device ... / Only selected type
This window allows selecting the desired type of the device. At the first - you must select a
device type (e.g. EPROM) and device subtype (e.g. 64Kx8 (27512)), using mouse or cursor
keys. It will cause a list of manufacturers and devices will be displayed.
Device can be select by double click on a line from list with desired manufacturer name and
device number or by entering manufacturer name and/or device number in a search box (use
a key <Space> as a separation character) and press <Enter> or click OK button.
Press a key <Esc> or click Cancel button at any time to cancel device selection without
affecting the currently selected device.
Selected device is automatically saved to buffer of default devices. This buffer is accessible
with Device / Select from default devices command.
If you wish display additional information about the current device, use button Device info or
an <Ctrl+F1> key. This command provides a size of device, organization, programming
algorithm and a list of programmers (including auxiliary modules) that supported this device.
You can find here package information and other general information about current device
too.
Select device ... / Only selected manufacturer
This window allows selecting the desired device type by manufacturer. First select a required
manufacturer in Manufacturer box using mouse or cursor keys. It will cause a list of selected
manufacturer devices will be displayed.
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Device can be select by double click on a line from list with desired manufacturer name and
device number or by entering device number in a search box (use a key <Space> as a
separation character) and press <Enter> or click OK button.
Press a key <Esc> or click Cancel button at any time to cancel device selection without
affecting the currently selected device.
Selected device is automatically saved to buffer of default devices. This buffer is accessible
with Device / Select from default devices command.
If you wish display additional information about the current device, use button Device info or
an <Ctrl+F1> key. This command provides a size of device, organization, programming
algorithm and a list of programmers (including auxiliary modules) that supported this device.
You can find here package information and other general information about current device
too.
Device / Select EPROM /Flash by ID
Use this command for autoselect an EPROM or Flash as active device by reading the device
ID. The programmer can automatically identify certain devices by the reading the
manufacturer and the device-ID that are burnt into the chip. This only applies to EPROM or
Flash that supports this feature. If the device does not support a chip ID and manufacturer's
ID, a message will be displayed indicating this as an unknown or not supported device.
If more devices with identical chip ID and manufacturer's ID were detected, the list of these
devices will be displayed. A corresponding device can be chosen from this list by selecting its
number (or manufacturer name) from list and press <Enter> (or click OK button). Press a key
<Esc> or click Cancel button at any time to cancel device selection without affecting the
currently selected device.
Warning: The control program only support this time EPROM’s and Flash with 28 and 32
pins. Any of programmers determines pins number automatically. For other programmers you
must enter this number manually.
The programmer applies a high voltage to the appropriate pins on the socket. This is
necessary to enable the system to read the device ID. Do not insert into the socket a device
that is not an EPROM or Flash. It may be damaged when the programmer applies the high
voltage.
We don't recommend apply this command to:
1) 2764 and 27128 EPROM types, because most of them ID not supports
2) Flash memories with non-standard pinout (e.g. Firmware Hub Flash)
3) Flash memories, which don't accept Vid voltage at A9 pin
4) low voltage EPROM and Flash memories
Device / Device options
All settings of this menu are used for programming process, serialization and associated file
control.
Device / Device options / Operation options
All settings of this command are used for programming process control. This is a flexible
environment, which content items associated with current device and programmer type.
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Items, which are valid for the current device but aren't supported by current programmer, are
disabled. These settings are saving to disk along with associated device by File / Exit and
save command.
The commonly used term are also explained in the user manual to programmer. The special
terms used here are exactly the terms used by manufacturer of respective chip. Please read
the documentation to the chip you want to program for explanation of all used terms.
List of commonly used items:
group Addresses:
device start address (default 0)
device end address (default device size-1)
buffer start address (default 0)
Split
(default none)
This option allows setting special mode of buffer when programming or reading device. Using
split options is particularly useful when using 8-bit data memory devices in 16-bit or 32-bit
applications.
Following table describes buffer to device and device to buffer data transfer
Split type
Device
Buffer Address assignment
None
Device[ADDR]
Buffer[ADDR]
Even
Device[ADDR]
Buffer[2*ADDR]
Odd
Device[ADDR]
Buffer[1+(2*ADDR)]
1./4
Device[ADDR]
Buffer[4*ADDR]
2./4
Device[ADDR]
Buffer[1+(4*ADDR)]
3./4
Device[ADDR]
Buffer[2+(4*ADDR)]
4./4
Device[ADDR]
Buffer[3+(4*ADDR)]
Real addressing will be following: (all addresses are hexadecimal)
Split type
Device addresses
Buffer addresses
None
00 01 02 03 04 05
00 01 02 03 04 05
Even
00 01 02 03 04 05
00 02 04 06 08 0A
Odd
00 01 02 03 04 05
01 03 05 07 09 0B
1./4
00 01 02 03 04 05
00 04 08 0C 10 14
2./4
00 01 02 03 04 05
01 05 09 0D 11 15
3./4
00 01 02 03 04 05
02 06 0A 0E 12 16
4./4
00 01 02 03 04 05
03 07 0B 0F 13 17
Terms explanation:
Access to device address ADDR is written as Device[ADDR].
Access to buffer address ADDR is written as Buffer[ADDR].
ADDR value can be from zero to device size (in bytes).
All addresses are byte oriented addresses.
group Insertion test:
insertion test
(default ENABLE)
If enabled, the programmer checks all pins of the programmed chip, if have proper
connection to the ZIF socket (continuity test). The programmer is able to identify the wrong
contact, misinserted chip and also (partially) backinserted chip.
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Device ID check error terminates the operation
(default ENABLE)
Programmer provides ID check before each selected action. It compares read ID codes from
device with ID codes defined by device manufacturer. In case of ID error, control program
behaves as follows:
- if item is set to ENABLE, selected action is finished
- if item is set to DISABLE, selected action continues. Control program just writes warning
message about ID error to LOG window.
If enabled, the programmer checks the electronic ID of the programmed chip.
Note 1: Some old chips don't carry electronic ID.
Note 2: In some special cases, several microcontrollers don't provide ID, if copy protection
feature in the chip is set, even if device ID check setting in control program is set to "Enable".
group Command execution:
blank check before programming
erase before programming
verify after reading
verify
verify options
(default DISABLE)
(default DISABLE)
(default ENABLE)
(ONCE, TWICE)
(nominal VCC +/-5%
nominal VCC +/-10%
VCCmin - VCCmax)
group Target system power supply parameters
This group is available in ISP mode for some types of devices. It contains following settings:
Enable target system power supply - enables supplying of target system from programmer.
Supply voltage for target system is switched on before action with programmed device and is
switched off after action finished. If Keep ISP signals at defined level after operation is
enabled, then programmer will switch off supply voltage after pull-up/pull-down resistors are
deactivated.
Voltage - supply voltage for target system. Supply voltage range is from 2V to 6V.
Note: The voltage value given to target system depends also on current flowing to target
system. To reach exact voltage supply for target system, the proper Voltage and Max. current
values has to be defined. The Max. current value specified has to be as exact as possible
equal to real current consumption of target system.
Max. current - maximum current consumption of powered target system. Current
consumption range is from 0 to 300mA
Voltage rise time - determines skew rate of rising edge of target system power supply
voltage (switch on supply voltage).
Target supply settle time - determines time, after which must be supply voltage in target
system stabilized at set value and target system is ready to any action with programmed
device.
Voltage fall time - determines skew rate of falling edge of target system power supply
voltage (switch off supply voltage).
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Power down time - determines time after switch off target system power supply within target
system keeps residual supply voltage (e.g. from charged capacitor). After this time elapsed
target system has to be without supply voltage and can be safely disconnected from
programmer.
group Target system parameters
This group is available in ISP mode for some types of devices. It contains following settings:
Oscillator frequency (in Hz) - oscillator's frequency of device (in target system). Control
program sets programming speed by its, therefore is necessary set correct value.
Supply voltage (in mV) - supply voltage in target system. Control program checks or sets (it
depends on programmer type) entered supply voltage in target system before every action on
device.
Disable test supply voltage - disables measure and checking supply voltage of
programmed device, set in Supply voltage edit box, before action with device.
Delay after reset active - this parameter determine delay after Reset signal active to start
action with device. This delay depends on values of used devices in reset circuit of device
and can be chosen from these values: 10ms, 50ms, 100ms, 500ms or 1s.
Inactive level of ISP signals - this parameter determine level of ISP signals after finishing
access to target device. Signals of ISP connector can be set to Pull-up (signals are tied
through 22k resistors to supply voltage) or Pull-down (signals are tied through 22k resistors to
ground).
Keep ISP signals at defined level after operation - enables keeping set level of ISP signals
after access to target device finished. Control program indicates activated pull-up/pull-down
resistors by displaying window with warning. After user close this window control program will
deactivate resistors.
group Programming parameters
This group is available for some types of devices. It contains settings of which device parts or
areas has to be programmed.
group Erase parameters
This group is available for some types of devices. It contains special settings of erase modes
of selected device.
Device / Device options / Serialization
Serialization is special mode of program. When a serialization mode is activated, a specified
value is automatically inserted on predefined address into buffer before programming each
device. When more devices are programmed one by one, the serial number value is changed
for each device automatically and inserted into buffer before programming device, so each
device has unique serial number.
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There are three types of serialization:
Incremental mode
From file mode
Custom generator mode
Dialog Serialization contains also settings for associated serialization position files that are
used with project files with serialization turned on. For more detailed information about using
serialization in project files, look at Serialization and projects.
Basic rules of serialization:
serialization is associated with recently selected device only. If a new device is selected,
the serialization settings will be reset (serialization will be set to disabled)
serialization settings for recent device are saved along with other settings of the device to
project file or to configuration file when application is closed
serialization engine calls request for new (next) serial number before each device
programming is started (see Note 1.)
used serial number is indicated by (*) after serial number value. Used serial number
means, the next device programming will use next serial number (see Note 1.)
Note 1.): Calling of new serial number request before programming can be suppressed in
case of previous unsuccessful device programming result by option Serial number usage if
programming action fails:
when Reuse generated serial number for next programmed device option is
selected, request for new (next) serial number is suppressed in case of unsuccessful
previous device operation result. It means, used serial number is used again, and
remains same until successful device programming is completed
when Throw away (use the serial number only once, regardless result of the
programming) is selected, request for new serial number is performed before each
device operation, regardless result of previous programming operation
Serialization can work with control program's main buffer or extended buffers available for
some types of devices, for example Microchip PIC16Fxxx devices with Data EEPROM
Memory. The selection which buffer use by serialization routine is available in dialog
Serialization. If Buffer settings box is not visible, the current serialization mode does not
support extended buffers.
Device / Device options / Serialization / Incremental mode & SQTP
The Incremental mode & SQTP enables to assign individual serial numbers to each
programmed device. A starting number entered by user will be incremented by specified step
for each device program operation and loaded in selected format to specified buffer address
prior to programming of each device.
There are following options, that user can modify for incremental mode:
S / N size
S / N size option defines the number of bytes of serial value which will be written to buffer.
For Bin (binary) serialization modes values 1-8 are valid for S / N size and for ASCII
serialization modes values 1-16 are valid for S / N size.
Address
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Address option specifies the buffer address, where serial value has to be written. Note that
address range must be inside the device start and device end addresses. Address must be
correctly specified so the last (highest or lowest) byte of serial value must be inside device
start and device end address range.
Start value
Start value option specifies the initial value, from which serialization will start. Generally, the
max. value for serialization is $1FFFFFFF in 32 bit long word.
When the actual serial value exceeds maximum value, three most significant bits of serial
number are set to zero. After this action the number is always inside 0..$1FFFFFFF interval
(this is basic style of overflow handling).
Step
Step options specify the increment step of serial value incrementation.
S / N mode
S / N mode option defines the form in which serial value has to be written to buffer. Two
options are available:
ASCII
Bin
ASCII - means the serial number is written to buffer as ASCII string. For example number
$0528CD is in ASCII mode written to buffer as 30h 35h 32h 38h 43h 44h (‘0’ ‘5’ ‘2’ ‘8’ ‘C’ ‘D’),
i.e. six bytes.
Bin - means the serial number is written directly to buffer. If the serial number has more than
one byte length, it can be written in one of two possible byte orders. The byte order can be
changed in „Save to buffer“ item.
Style
Style option defines serial number base. There are two options:
Decimal
Hexadecimal.
Decimal numbers are entered and displayed using the characters '0' through '9'.
Hexadecimal numbers also use characters 'A' through 'F'.
The special case is Binary Dec, which means BCD number style. BCD means the decimal
number is stored in hexadecimal number, i.e. each nibble must have value from 0 to 9.
Values A to F are not allowed as nibbles of BCD numbers.
Select the base in „Style“ options before entering numbers of serial start value and step.
Save to buffer
Save to buffer option specifies the serial value byte order to write to buffer. This option is
used for Bin S / N mode (for ASCII mode it has no effect).
Two options are available:
LSByte first (used by Intel processors) will place the Least Significant Byte of serial
number to the lowest address in buffer.
MSByte first (used by Motorola processors) will place the Most Significant Byte first to the
lowest address in buffer.
Split serial number
The option allows dividing serial number into individual bytes and placing the bytes at each
Nth address of buffer. This feature is particularly useful for SQTP serialization mode for
Microchip PIC devices when the device serial number can be the part of program memory as
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group of RETLW or NOP instructions. For more information see Example 2 shown in
Examples section below.
Following split options are available:
Check box Split serial number – turns on/off split function
Split gap – specifies number of bytes placed between split serial number fragments
S/N fragment size – serial number is split into fragments with size specified by this
option
Example:
Example 1:
Write serial numbers to AT29C040 devices at address 7FFFAH, size of serial number is 4
bytes, start value is 16000000H, incremental step is 1, the serial number form is binary and
least significant byte is placed at the lower address of serial number in device.
To make above described serialization following settings have to be set in Serialization
dialog:
Mode: Incremental mode
S/N size: 4 bytes
S/N mode:: Bin
Style: Hex
Save to buffer: LS Byte first
Address: 7FFFCH
Start value: 16000000H
Step: 1
Following values will be written to device:
The 1st device
Address Data
007FFF0 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx 00 00 00 16
The 2nd device
Address Data
007FFF0 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx 01 00 00 16
The 3rd device
Address Data
007FFF0 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx 02 00 00 16
etc.
”xx” mean user data programmed to device
Serial numbers are written to device from address 7FFFCH to address 7FFFFH because
serial number size is 4 bytes.
Example 2:
Following example shows usage of SQTP serialization mode when serial number is split into
RETLW instructions for Microchip PIC16F628 devices.
Note: Serial quick turn programming (SQTP) is Microchip specified standard for serial
programming of Microchip PIC microcontrollers. Microchip PIC devices allows you to program
a unique serial number into each microcontroller. This number can be used as an entry code,
password, or ID number.
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Serialization is done by using a series of RETLW (Return Literal W) instructions, with the
serial number bytes as the literal data. To serialize, you can use Incremental mode
serialization or From file mode serialization.
Incremental serialization offers serial number Split function. Serial number split allows usage
of incremental numbers separated into even or odd bytes and between each byte of serial
number RETLW instruction code is inserted.
From file serialization is using proprietary serial numbers file. This file can consist of various
serial numbers. The numbers can have format suitable for SQTP that means number RETLW
b1 RETLW b2 and so on. Note that PG4UW serial file format is not compatible with SQTP
serial file generated by Microchip MPLAB.
Example 2a:
Use of serialization split with RETLW instructions for Microchip PIC16F628 devices.
Device PIC16F628 has 14 bit wide instruction word. Instruction RETLW has 14-Bit Opcode:
Description
RETLW
Return with literal in W
MSB 14-Bit word
11
01xx kkkk
LSB
kkkk
where xx can be replaced by 00 and k are data bits, i.e. serial number byte
Opcode of RETLW instruction is hexadecimal 34KKH where KK is data Byte (serial number
byte)
Let’s assume we want to write serial number 1234ABCDH as part of four RETLW instructions
to device PIC. The highest Byte of serial number is the most significant Byte. We want to
write the serial number to device program memory at address 40H. Serial number split us
very useful in this situation. Serialization without serial number split will write the following
number to buffer and device:
Address
0000080
Data
CD AB 34 12 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx
Note: address 80H is because buffer has byte organization and PIC has word organization
so it has equivalent program memory address 40H. When buffer has word organization x16,
the address will be 40H and number 1234ABCDH will be placed to buffer as following:
Address
0000040
Data
ABCD 1234 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
We want to use RETLW instruction so buffer has to be:
Address
0000040
Data
34CD 34AB 3434 3412 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
We can do this by following steps:
A) write four RETLW instructions at address 40H to main buffer (this can be done by hand
editing buffer or by loading file with proper content). The bottom 8 bits of each RETLW
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instruction are not important now, because serialization will write correct serial number bytes
at bottom 8 bits of each RETLW instruction.
The buffer content before starting device program will look for example as following:
Address
0000040
Data
3400 3400 3400 3400 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
8 bits of each RETLW instructions are zeros, they can have any value.
B) Set the serialization options as following:
S/N size:
4 Bytes
Address:
40H
Start value:
1234ABCDH
Step:
1
S/N mode:
BIN
Style:
HEX
Save to buffer:
LS Byte first
Split serial number:
checked
Split gap:
1 byte(s)
S/N fragment size:
1 byte(s)
Split settings described above mean split of serial number by bytes to buffer at every second
byte. The correct serial number is set tightly before device programming operation starts.
The buffer content of serial number when programming the first device will be:
Address Data
0000040 34CD 34AB 3434 3412 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
The second device will have:
Address Data
0000040 34CE 34AB 3434 3412 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
Next devices will have same format of serial number, of course incremented by 1 for each
device.
Example 2.b
Use of serialization split with NOP instructions for Microchip PIC24FJ256 devices
Device PIC24FJ256 has 24 bit wide instruction word. Instruction NOP has code 00xxxxh.
Let's assume we want to use serialization in the same manner as SQTP serialization
specified in Microchip MPLAB®:
We can do this by following steps:
A) Write NOP instructions (00xxxxh) at address 800h to main buffer of PG4UW. This can be
done by hand editing buffer or by loading file with proper content. The address 800h in
PG4UW buffer is equivalent to PIC24Fxxx Program memory address 200h. For more details
look at Device information in PG4UW for PIC24FJ256 device.
The buffer content with NOPs at address 800h before starting device program should look for
example as following:
101
Address
0000800
Data
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx
xx – means any byte value
B) Set the serialization
S/N size:
Address:
Start value:
Step:
S/N mode:
Style:
Save to buffer:
Split serial number:
Split gap:
S/N fragment size:
options as following:
3 bytes
800h
123456h
1
BIN
HEX
LS byte first
checked
2 byte(s)
2 byte(s)
Split settings described above mean split of serial number into fragments with 16 bit (2 bytes)
size to buffer with gap of 2 bytes between fragments. The correct serial number is set tightly
before device programming operation starts.
The buffer content of serial number when programming the first device will be:
Address
0000800
Data
56 34 00 00 12 00 00 00 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx
The second device will have:
Address
Data
0000800
57 34 00 00 12 00 00 00 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx
Next devices will have same format of serial number incremented by 1 for each device.
Example 3:
Following example uses the same serialization options as Example number 2a, instead the
serial number Split gap is set to 2 and 3.
When Split gap is set to 2 bytes, the buffer content will look as following:
Byte buffer organization:
Address Data
0000080 CD xx xx AB xx xx 34 xx xx 12 xx xx xx xx xx xx
Word16 buffer organization:
Address Data
0000040 xxCD ABxx xxxx xx34 12xx xxxx xxxx xxxx
When Split gap is set to 3 bytes, the buffer content will look as following:
Byte buffer organization:
Address Data
0000080 CD xx xx xx AB xx xx xx 34 xx xx xx 12
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Word16 buffer organization:
Address Data
0000040 xxCD xxxx xxAB xxxx xx34 xxxx xx12 xxxx
Note: When you are not sure about effects of serialization options, there is possible to test
the real serial number, which will be written to buffer. The test can be made by following
steps:
1. select wished serialization options in dialog Serialization and confirm these by OK button
2. in dialog Device operation options set Insertion test and Device ID check (if available) to
Disabled
3. check there is no device inserted to programmer’s ZIF socket
4. run Device Program operation (for some types of devices it is necessary to select
programming options before programming will start)
5. after completing programming operation (mostly with some errors because device is not
present) look at the main buffer (View/Edit buffer) at address where serial number should
be placed
Note: Address for Serialization is always assigned to actual device organization and buffer
organization that control program is using for current device. If the buffer organization is byte
org. (x8), the Serialization Address will be byte address. If the buffer organization is wider
than byte, e.g. 16 bit words (x16), the Serialization Address will be word address.
Device / Device options / Serialization / Classic From file mode
When you use a Classic From-file mode the serialization file has serial values directly
included. Serialization data are then read directly from serialization file to buffer on address
specified in the file. Classic From-file mode is indicated in main window and info window of
PG4UW control program on panel "Serialization" as "From-file" serialization.
There are two user options:
Start label
Start label defines the start label in input file. The reading of serial values from file starts from
defined start label.
File name
File name option specifies the file name from which serial addresses and values will be read.
The input file for Classis From file serialization must have correct format.
File format
Classic From-file serialization input file has text format. The file includes addresses and
arrays of bytes defining buffer addresses and data to write to buffer. Input file has text type
format, which structure is:
[label1] addr byte0 byte1 .. byten
...
[labeln] addr byte0 byte1 .. bytem , addr byte0 byte1 ... bytek
\___________________/ \__________________/
|
|
basic part
optional part
; Comment
meaning is:
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basic part
Basic part defines buffer address and array of bytes to write to buffer. Basic part must be
always defined after label in line.
optional part
Optional part defines the second array of bytes and buffer address to write to buffer. One
optional part can be defined after basic part of data.
label1, labeln - labels
Labels are identifiers for each line of input file. They are used for addressing each line of file.
The labels should be unique. Addressing lines of file means, the required start label entered
by user defines line in input file from which serial values reading starts.
addr Addr defines buffer address to write data following the address.
byte0..byten, byte0..bytem, byte0..bytek Bytes arrays byte0..byten, byte0..bytem and byte0..bytek are defining data, which are
assigned to write to buffer. Maximum count of bytes in one data field following the address is
64 bytes. Data bytes are written to buffer from address addr to addr+n.
The process of writing particular bytes to buffer is:
byte0 to addr
byte1 to addr + 1
byte2 to addr + 2
....
byten to addr + n
Optional part is delimited from the first data part by character “ , “ (comma) and its structure
is the same as in the first data part, i.e. address and following array of data bytes.
Characters with special use:
[ ] - labels must be defined inside square brackets
',' – character which delimiters basic part and optional part of data
‘;’ - the semicolon character means the beginning of a comment. All characters from „;„ to the
end of line are ignored. Comment can be on individual line or in the end of definition line.
Note:
Label names can contain all characters except ‘[‘ and ‘]’. The label names are analyzed
as non case sensitive, i.e. character ‘a’ is same as ‘A’, ‘b’ is same as ‘B’ etc..
All address and byte number values in input file are hexadecimal.
Allowed address value size is from 1 to 4 bytes.
Allowed size of data arrays in one line is in range from 1 to 64 bytes. When there are
two data arrays in one line, the sum of their size in bytes can be maximally 80 bytes.
Be careful to set correct addresses. Address must be defined inside device start and
device end address range. In case of address out of range, warning window appears
and serialization is set to disabled (None).
Address for Serialization is always assigned to actual device organization and buffer
organization that control program is using for current device. If the buffer organization is
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byte org. (x8), the Serialization Address will be byte address. If the buffer organization is
wider than byte, e.g. 16 bit words (x16), the Serialization Address will be word address.
Example of typical input file for Classic From file serialization:
[nav1]
[nav2]
[nav3]
[nav4]
[nav5]
A7890 78 89 56 02 AB CD ; comment1
A7890 02 02 04 06 08 0A
A7890 08 09 0A 0B A0 C0 ; comment2
A7890 68 87 50 02 0B 8D
A7890 A8 88 59 02 AB 7D
;next line contains also second definition
[nav6] A7890 18 29 36 42 5B 6D , FFFF6 44 11 22 33 99 88 77 66 55 16
; this is last line - end of file
In the example file six serial values with labels „nav1“, „nav2“, ...“nav6“ are defined. Each
value is written to buffer on address $A7890. All values have size 6 bytes. The line with
„nav6“ label has also second value definition, which is written to buffer on address $FFFF6
and has size 10 bytes, i.e. the last byte of this value will be written to address $FFFFF.
Note: Address for Serialization is always assigned to actual device organization and buffer
organization that control program is using for current device. If the buffer organization is byte
org. (x8), the Serialization Address will be byte address. If the buffer organization is wider
than byte, e.g. 16 bit words (x16), the Serialization Address will be word address.
Device / Device options / Serialization / Playlist From file mode
When you use a Playlist From-file mode the serialization file has not serial values directly
included. The file contains name list of external files that contain serialization data.
Serialization data are then read from these external data files, each file means one
serialization step (one device programmed). Playlist From-file mode is indicated in main
window and info window of PG4UW control program on panel "Serialization" as "From-filepl" serialization.
File format
From-file serialization playlist file includes list of filenames which contain serialization data.
The file format is similar to classic serialization file format. Following file format differences
are for playlist files:
1. the playlist file must have special header at the first no empty line of file. The header is text
line in format
FILETYPE=PG4UW SERIALIZATION PLAYLIST FILE
2. each serial data batch is represented by separate line in format
[label x] datafilename
labelx - represents label
Labels are identifiers for each no-empty line of input file. They are used for addressing each
line of file. The labels should be unique within the file. Addressing lines of file means, that the
required start label entered by user defines line in input file from which serial values reading
starts.
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datafilename - defines name of data file, which contains serialization data. When serialization
requires new serial value, the data file will be loaded by standard PG4UW "Load file"
procedure to PG4UW buffer. File format can be binary or Hex file (Intel Hex etc.). The autorecognition system recognizes proper file format and forces load of file in the right file format.
Data filename is relative to parent (playlist) serialization file.
Example of playlist serialization file:
;---- following file header is required ----------------FILETYPE=PG4UW SERIALIZATION PLAYLIST FILE
;----- references to serialization data files
[nav1] file1.dat
[nav2] file2.dat
[nav3] file3.dat
...
[label n] filex.dat
;-------- end of file -----------------------For more detailed and fully functional example of serialization type From-file playlist, look the
example files placed in the PG4UW installation directory in Examples\ subdirectory as
following:
<PG4UW_inst_dir>\Examples\Serialization\fromfile_playlist_example\
The typical path can look like this:
C:\Program Files\Dataman\Programmer\Examples\Serialization\fromfile_playlist_example\
You can test the serialization by following steps:
1. start PG4UW
2. you need to have our programmer connected and correctly found in PG4UW
3. select wished device, the best are devices with erasable memory, (not OTP memory)
4. select dialog from menu Device | Device Options | Serialization
5. Set the From-file mode and in the panel From-file mode options select our example
serialization file fromfile_playlist.ser
6. click the OK button to accept the new serialization settings
8. run "Program" device operation
You can see at the serialization indicating labels in the main window of PG4UW and also in
info progress window during device programming and repeating of programming.
Additional operation with used files
This group box contains three types of operation. User can select one of the operation to do
with used serialization data files in Playlist From-file mode. Following operation are available:
option Do nothing
program does not make any operation with used serialization data files
option Move used file to specified directory
program moves used serialization data files to user specified directory of used
serialization files
option Delete used file
program deletes used serialization data files
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Directory
This option is available in playlist From-file serialization mode and selected option "Move
used file to specified directory". User can specify target directory, into which used serialization
data files will be moved.
Following error indicators are used in Playlist From-file serialization:
s/n error #3
serialization data file does not exist
s/n error #34 used serialization data file can not be deleted (maybe serialization files
are placed on write-protected disk)
s/n error #35 used serialization data file can not be moved to target directory of used
serialization files (maybe serialization files are placed on write-protected
disk, or target directory does not exist)
Device / Device options / Serialization / Custom generator mode
Custom generator serialization mode provide maximum flexible serialization mode, because
the user have serialization system fully in his hands.
When Custom generator mode of serialization is selected, serial numbers are generated by
user made program “on-the-fly” before each device is programmed in PG4UW or PG4UWMC.
Custom generator mode serialization allows user to generate unique sequence of serial
numbers desired. Serial numbers can be incremented as a linear sequence or completely
non-linear sequence. The user made serial number generator program details are described
later in the following section Custom generator program.
Examples:
There are also example .exe and C/C++ source files available. The files are placed in the
PG4UW installation directory in Examples\ subdirectory as following:
<PG4UW_inst_dir>\Examples\Serialization\customgenerator_example\
The typical path can look like this:
C:\Program
Files\Dataman_sw\Programmer\Examples\Serialization\customgenerator_example\
There are following options for Custom generator serialization in PG4UW control software:
In dialog Serialization select in Mode panel option Custom generator mode. The following
options will be displayed:
Serialization data file
Specifies the path and name for the data file that will contain the current serial number. When
device is to be programmed, the PG4UW software calls user made serial number generator
that updates the data file. The recommended extension of data file is .dat.
Because many of our customers use also BP Microsystems programmers, they ask us for
possibility to be used the same serialization software. Therefore the Serialization data file is
compatible with .dat files of "Complex serialization" system, available in BP Micro software,
Note: The data file is completely and periodically overwritten during device programming with
serialization. Be sure to enter the correct name of wished .dat file. Example:
“c:\serial_files\serial.dat”
Serialization generator
Specifies the path and name for the executable file which will generate serialization data file.
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First serial number
This option is required to specify the initial serial number that will be passed to custom
generator serialization program. The number is entered and displayed in hexadecimal format.
Last serial number
This option specifies the maximum value of serial number allowed. If the value is non-zero, it
will be passed to serialization generator program. The generator is responsible for testing the
value of last serial number and generate serial .dat file with appropriate error information in
the serialization .dat file in case of current serial number greater then last serial number. If the
value of Last serial number is zero, the value will not be passed to generator program.
Check box Call generator with -RESULT parameter after device operation completed
This new option has special purpose. If there is requirement to call custom generator with
special parameter -RESULT, the check box should be checked. Otherwise it has to be
unchecked (the default state is unchecked). If checked, custom generator is called by
PG4UW control program after each device operation is completed, no matter the result of
device operation is OK or Error. Parameters for generator are created by PG4UW
serialization engine. Two parameters are used:
-RESULT[n]=TRUE | FALSE
where n is optional Programmer Site order number, if multiprogramming is used.
TRUE means that device operation was finished OK. FALSE means, that device operation
was finished with error.
-N<serial number>
specifies current serial number in the same way, as for normal calling of serialization
generator.
Custom generator program
Custom generator program or serialization generator is program that will generate the unique
sequence of serial numbers and write the serial data to serialization .dat file. This program is
made by user. The path and name of the serialization program must be specified in the
Serialization options dialog in Custom generator mode options.
The program will be called from PG4UW every time the new serial data have to be
generated. This is usually made before each device programming operation. PG4UW control
program passes command line parameters to serialization program and serialization program
generates serialization .dat file which is read by PG4UW control program. Following
command line parameters are used:
-N<serial number> Specifies current serial number.
-E<serial number> Specifies ending (or last) serial number. The parameter is only passed
when value of Last serial number specified in dialog Serialization in PG4UW software is no
zero. The serialization program should return error record T06 in the serialization .dat file, if
the current serial number is greater than ending serial number. For details look at section
Serialization .dat file format.
Serialization .dat file format
Serialization .dat file generated by serialization generator must meet following text format.
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Serialization .dat file consists of records and serial data section.
Record is line, which begin with one of Txx prefixes as described bellow. Value of “xx”
represents the record type code. Records are used to inform PG4UW software about
serialization status (current and last serial numbers, serialization data and data format, errors,
etc.). Required records are records T01, T02, T03 and T04. Other records are optional.
T01:<serial number>
Contains current serial number value passed to generator by
command line parameter -N<serial number>.
T02:<serial number>
Contains next serial number value, that PG4UW will use in next
serialization cycle. This value is generated by serialization
generator and informs PG4UW, which serial number will follow after
current serial number.
T03:<data format code> Specifies the serialization data format. Following formats are
supported now:
T03:50 or T03:55 ASCII Space data format
T03:99 - Intel Hex data format
T04:
indicates the serialization data will follow from next line to the end of
file. Serialization data are stored in one of standard ASCII data file
formats, for example Intel Hex, ASCII Space and so on. The format
used for data must be specified by record T03.
Example: Typical serialization data file:
T01:000005
T02:001006
T03:99
T04:
:0300000000096B89
:03000300000005F5
:02000C005A0197
:01003F004F71
:00000001FF
The file consists of following information:
line T01 - current serial number 000005h
line T02 - ending (last) serial number 001006h
line T03 - serialization data format after line T04 is Intel Hex
line T04 - serialization data, which will be loaded to buffer of PG4UW before programming
device, data are represented in Intel Hex format
Optional records are:
T05:<message> Warning or error message. This record causes the serialization is stopped
and warning or error message is displayed in PG4UW software.
T06:
Current serial number greater than limit
This record causes the serialization is stopped and warning or error
message is displayed in PG4UW software. The reason of turning
serialization off is the current serial number is greater then allowed
maximum ending serial number. This record can be used when -E
command line parameter is specified, it means no zero Last serial value
in dialog Serialization is specified.
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T11:<message>
Less important warning or message. The serialization will not be
interrupted.
Flowchart of device programming with custom-generator serialization
When Custom-generator serialization is used, it means, that before each device programming
is started, serialization engine calls serialization generator executable, to
generate serial .dat file. PG4UW serialization engine manages proper
command line parameters for calling of serialization generator. The data
from .dat file are immediately read to internal programmer buffer and used
as data for programming device. Also next serial number information
(record T02) is remembered in PG4UW.
Typical flowchart of device programming is following:
1. Start of programming batch
2. Device insertion test
3. Serialization sequence, consists from four steps:
call of serialization generator with proper command line parameters to generate
serialization .dat file
waiting for serialization .dat file to be available
reading of serialization .dat file data to programmer buffer (the data will be used for
programming device)
delete serialization .dat file after reading of data from it
4. Device programming
5. Device verification
6. Operation result check.
This is fully managed by PG4UW control program. Serialization generator does not
have to do any operation according to operation result. Control program will call
serialization generator with required command line parameters.
OK - PG4UW makes request for next serial number. Next serial number was read from
.dat file in step 3. Call of serialization generator will have next serial number specified in
command line.
ERROR - PG4UW does not make request for new serial number. Recent serial number
will be used for next device. Next call of serialization generator will have recent serial
number specified in command line.
7. Repeat programming with next device?
Yes
goto step 2.
No
continue at step 8.
8. End of programming batch
Notes:
In case of error programming result, recent serial number is used, but generator will be
called at step 3. anyway, even if the same number is used as for previously
programmed device.
If error of serialization .dat file is detected, program PG4UW reports serialization error
and stops continuing of programming batch immediately.
Device / Device options / Statistics
Statistics gives the information about actual count of device operations, which were
proceeded on selected type device. If one device is corresponding to one device operation,
e.g. programming, the number of device operations will be equal to number of programmed
devices.
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The next function of statistics is Count down. Count down allows checking the number of
device operations, and then number of devices, on which device operations have to be done.
After each successful device operation the value of count down counter is decremented.
Count down has user defined start number of devices to do. When count down value reach
zero, it means, specified number of devices is complete and user message about complete
count down will be displayed.
Statistics dialog contains following options:
Check boxes Program, Verify, Blank, Erase and Read define operations, after which
statistics values increment.
Any selected and performed device operation will increment the Total counter and one of
Success or Failure counters depending on device operation result (success or failure).
A combination of partial operations is counted as one operation only. For example, a Read
operation including Verify after Read is one operation. A Program operation including Erase
and/or Verify operations is counted as one operation.
Check box Count down sets Count down activity (enable or disable). Edit box following the
Count down check box defines initial number of count down counter, from which count down
starts.
Statistics dialog can be also opened by pressing right mouse button on Statistics panel and
clicking displayed item Statistics.
Statistics dialog contains seven statistics values – Success, Operational failure, Adapter
test failure, Insertion test failure, ID check failure, Other failure (prog. SW, HW) and
Total.
Meaning of the values is:
Success
Operational failure
Adapter test failure
Insertion test failure
ID check failure
Other failure (prog. SW, HW)
Total
number of operations which where successfully completed
number of operations which where not successfully
completed due to error of device
number of operations which where not successfully
completed due to incorrect programming adapter
number of operations which where not successfully
completed due to incorrect position of device in
programming adapter
number of operations which where not successfully
completed due to incorrect ID code read from device
number of operations which where not successfully
completed due to hardware error of programmer or control
software error
- number of all operations
Actual statistics values are displaying in main window of control program in Statistics panel.
Statistics panel contains four statistics values – Success, Operational failure, Other
failure, Total and two Count down information values Count down and Remains.
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Meaning of the values is:
Success
Operational failure
Other failure
Total
Count down
Remains
number of operations which where successfully completed
number of operations which where not successfully completed due to
error of device
number of operations which where not successfully completed due to
other reason than device error
number of all operations
informs about Count down activity (Enabled or Disabled)
informs about remaining number of device operations to do
Note: When new device type is selected, all statistics values are set to zero and Count down
is set to Disabled.
Reset button in Statistics panel reset statistics values.
Reload Count down button in Statistics panel reloads initial value to Count down.
For PG4UW software, the statistics information is saved to Log window when closing
PG4UW.
For multiprogramming PG4UWMC software, the statistics information is saved to Job
Summary report.
Device / Device options / Associated file
This command is used for setting associated file with current device. This is a file, which can
be automatic loaded to buffer after device is selected from default devices select list or by
start control program.
You can edit the associated file name in file name box, put a full pathname. The control
program checks the present of this file on the disk. Also is possible enabling or disabling
automatic load of this file.
You can save both settings i.e. associated file and enabling of automatic load of this file to
disk by command File / Exit and save.
Device / Device options / Special options
The special terms used here are exactly the terms used by manufacturer of respective chip.
Please read the documentation to the chip you want to program for explanation of all used
terms.
If the name of this menu item is starting by "View/Edit ...", then the Read device command will
read the content of the chip configuration and it can be viewed and edited by this menu
command.
Device / Blank check
This command executes device blank check. The control program reports a result of this
action by messages in INFO window and LOG.
The menu command Device / Device options / Operation options of PG4UW allows to
customize available operation options.
Device / Read
This command allows to read all device or its part into the buffer. The read procedure can
also read the content of the chip configuration (if it exists and is readable). The special device
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PG4UW
configuration areas can be viewed or edited in dialogs available by menu View / Edit buffer
and menu Device / Device options / Special options (Alt+S).
The control program reports a finish of Read action by writing a message to INFO window.
The menu command Device / Device options / Operation options allows to set another
working area as the standard. Setting an option Verify data after reading in this menu
command means a higher reliability for device reading.
Device / Verify
This command compares content of the whole device including its available special areas
with data in buffer. The control program reports a result of verify operation to Info window and
Log window.
The menu command Device / Device options / Operation options of PG4UW allows to
customize available operation options.
Settings in dialog General options (menu Options / General options) of PG4UW in tab
Errors allows to control, how to write the found errors to user specified report file. Also first
45 found errors are written to Log window.
Note:
Verify operation compares content of the whole chip with the data in the software,
therefore it might happen - in case of incomplete programmed chip - the verification after
programming shows none error, but solo verify operation does not pass.
Verify operation can report errors also in case of protected devices that have active read
protection of data.
Device / Program
This command executes device programming. The control program reports a result of this
action by messages in INFO window and LOG.
The menu command Device / Device options / Operation options of PG4UW allows to
customize areas to be programmed, and set other operation options.
Device / Erase
This command executes device erase. The control program reports a result of this action by
messages in INFO window and LOG.
The menu command Device / Device options / Operation options of PG4UW allows to
customize available operation options.
After Erase, if device (chip) doesn't support erase verify command, the blank check operation
takes place to verify successfulness of Erase operation.
Device / Test
This command executes a test of device selected from list of supported devices (for example
static RAM) on programmers, which support this test.
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The sRAM test is done in 3 basic steps:
Test of data drivers functionality.
Drivers test ... test of D0..D7 signals reaction on CE\, OE\ and WE\:
- in first cycle write data 0x55 to the address 0x0 (CE/=L WE/=L OE/=H) and compare
with data read from same address (CE/=L WE/=H OE/=L), data have to be valid.
- then other combination control pins (CE/=L WE/=H OE/=H), (CE/=H WE/=H OE/=L), ...,
is set and data have to be not valid - data bus driver have to be inactive.
sRAM test, basic part.
Programmer here write random data to sRAM device and then verify the content.
3) RAM test, advanced (optional).
"Walking one" and "Walking zero" are common terms, who need explanation can study:
http://www.google.com/search?q=memory+test+walking+one
http://www.google.com/search?q=memory+test+walking+zero
Notes:
- it is possible to select a delay between write operation and succeeding verify of
programmed data (at condition the device is supplied) in intent to detect 'leak' of the bits.
- programmer haven't capability to detect errors like too big current on the signal pins or
such "analog" errors
- all tests are done at low frequency (meant compared with maximal speed of tested
device), therefore usage of such test is limited
Conclusions:
- the device programmer can provide only basic answer about health of the sRAM
- if you need test sRAM more deeply use please specialized sRAM tester.
Device / IC test
This command activates a test section for ICs, mainly Standard Logic IC. The ICs are sorted
by type of technology to groups/libraries.
First select an appropriate library, wished device and then a mode for test vectors run (LOOP,
SINGLE STEP). Control sequence and test results are displayed to Programmer activity log.
In case of need, it is possible to define the test vectors directly by user. Detailed description
of syntax and methods of creation testing vectors is described in example_e.lib file, which is
in programs installation folder.
Note.
Testing of IC is done using test vectors at some (pretty low) speed. The tests by test vectors
can not detect all defects of the chip. Other words, if IC test report "FAIL", then device is
defective. But if is "PASS" reported, it mean the chip passed our tests, but still might not pass
the tests, that check other - mainly dynamic - parameters of the tested IC.
Because the rising/falling edges of programmers are tuned for programming of chips, it may
happen the test of some chips fails, although the chips aren't defective (counters for
example).
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PG4UW
Device / JAM/VME/...Player
Jam STAPL was created by Altera® engineers and is supported by a consortium of
programmable logic device (PLD) manufacturers, programming equipment makers, and test
equipment manufacturers.
The Jam™ Standard Test and Programming Language (STAPL), JEDEC standard JESD-71,
is a standard file format for ISP (In-System Programming) purposes. Jam STAPL is a freely
licensable open standard. It supports programming or configuration of programmable devices
and testing of electronic systems, using the IEEE 1149.1 Joint Test Action Group (JTAG)
interface. Device can be programmed or verified, but Jam STAPL does not generally allow
other functions such as reading a device.
The Jam STAPL programming solution consists of two components: Jam Composer and Jam
Player.
The Jam Composer is a program, generally written by a programmable logic vendor, that
generates a Jam file (.jam) containing the user data and programming algorithm required to
program a design into a device.
The Jam Player is a program that reads the Jam file and applies vectors for programming and
testing of devices in a JTAG chain.
The devices can be programmed in ZIF socket of the programmer or in target system through
ISP connector. It is indicated by [PLCC44](Jam) or (ISP-Jam) suffix after name of selected
device in control program. Multiple devices are possible to program and test via JTAG chain:
JTAG chain (ISP-Jam)
More information on the website: www.altera.com
See please application notes:
"AN 425: Using the Jam Player to Program Altera Devices",
"AN 100: In-System Programmability Guidelines",
"AN 122: Using Jam STAPL for ISP & ICR via an Embedded Processor"
and related application notes for details.
Software tools:
Altera: MAX+plus II, Quartus II, SVF2Jam utility (converts a serial vector file to a Jam file),
LAT2Jam utility (converts an ispLSI3256A JEDEC file to a Jam file);
Xilinx: Xilinx ISE Webpack or Foundation software (generates STAPL file or SVF file for use
by utility SVF2Jam);
Actel: Actel Libero® Integrated Design Environment (IDE) (generates STAPLE file and/or
PDB file), Actel FlashPro (converts a PDB file to STAPLE file).
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JAM player dialog
Jam Player version 1 (see Action and Variables controls)
Jam Player version 2 (see Action and Procedures controls)
Action
Select desired action for executing.
Jam file of version 2 consists of actions. Action consists of calling of procedures which are
executed.
Jam file of version 1 does not know statements 'action' and 'procedure', therefore choice
Action is not accessible. Program flow starts to run instructions according to boolean
variables with prefix DO_something. If you need some new boolean variables with prefix
DO_something then contact us.
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Procedures
Program flow executes statements from each procedure. Procedures may be optional and
recommended. Recommended procedures are marked implicitly. You can enable or disable
procedures according to your needs. Jam Player executes only marked procedures. Other
procedures are ignored. Number of procedures is different, it depends on Jam file.
Variables
Jam file of version 1 does not know statements 'action' and 'procedure'. Program flow starts
to run instructions according to boolean variables with prefix DO_something. Jam Player
executes all marked DO_something cases in algorithm. Number of variables (procedures) is
constant, it does not depend on Jam file. If you need some new boolean variables with prefix
DO_something then contact us.
OK
Accept selected action with appropriate procedures which are marked.
Information
It displays information about Jam file. You can preview Notes and source file in dialog.
Device according to Jam file
File is made for a specific device. Device name is found in Jam file in part NOTE identifier
DEVICE. Device name must be identical with name of the device selected in dialog Select
device. When devices are different, software will indicate this situation by warning message
during start of the Jam Player.
JAM file information dialog
Notes: statements are used to store information about the Jam file. The information stored in
NOTE fields may include any type of documentation or attributes related to the particular Jam
program.
Source file contains a program in Jam language. Jam program consists of a sequence of
statements. Jam statement consists of a label, which is optional, an instruction, and
arguments, and terminates with a semicolon (;). Arguments may be literal constants,
variables, or expressions resulting in the desired data type (i.e., Boolean or integer). Each
statement usually occupies one line of the Jam program, but this is not required. Line breaks
are not significant to the Jam language syntax, except for terminating comments. An
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apostrophe character (') can be used to signify a comment, which is ignored by the
interpreter. The language does not specify any limits for line length, statement length, or
program size. More information can be found on the website: www.altera.com/
Jam file with extension .jbc is Jam STAPL Byte code format which is not visible.
Information about converting JED file to Jam STAPLE file for XILINX
devices:
install Xilinx Integrated Software Environment (ISE) 6.3i software free download:
WebPACK_63_fcfull_i.exe + 6_3_02i_pc.exe (315MB or so)
run Xilinx ISE 6/Accessories/iMPACT
in dialog “Operation Mod Selection: What do you want to do first?” choose: “Prepare
Configuration Files”,
in dialog “Prepare Configuration Files: I want create a:” choose: “Boundary-Scan File”,
in dialog “Prepare Boundary-Scan File: I want create a:” choose: “STAPL File”,
in dialog “Create a New STAPL File” write name of Jam file with extension .stapl,
in dialog “Add Device” select JED file with extension .jed,
in the created jtag chain select device e.g.: XC2C32A (left mouse button) and select
sequence operation (e.g.: Erase, Blank, Program, Verify; right mouse button),
in menu select item “Output/Stapl file/Stop writing to Stapl file”
run PG4UW, select device e.g.: Xilinx XC2x32A [QFG32](Jam), load Jam file (Files of type:
select STAPL File)
choose “Device operation option Alt+O” press button “Jam configuration”. Warning “Select
device from menu "Select Devices" and Jam file is probably different! Continue?” choose
Yes. (Xilinx sw. does not include line: NOTE "DEVICE" "XC2x32A"; in Jam file). In dialog
“Jam player” select action and procedures, finish dialogs, press button “Play Jam” from
toolbar and read Log window
Information about ACTEL device programming using STAPLE file
Actel's flash FPGA programming in PG4UW program is performed using Actel Jam player
Jam player. This programming solution results in special content toolbar button – Play STAPL,
which replace all common operations icon (program, erase, verify...) associated with non Jam
programming device.
Operation (program, erase, verify...) with Actel device consists of several following steps.
Loading the *.stp (STAPLE file)
Load the appropriate STAPLE file (generated for example by Actel design software LIBERO
IDE) clicking on main toolbar “Load” icon. The STAPLE file contains the user data and
programming algorithm required to program a design into a device.
Selecting an action
After successful loading the STAPLE file, select an intending operation action in Device
operation options (Alt+O shortkey)/STAPL configuration... .(STAPL configuration ...). For
device programming select PROGRAM from action list. List of all the actions for the
programming file with describe can be found in ACTEL FlashPro User’s Guide on
www.actel.com .
Running an action
Click Play STAPL button to run selected action. Successful operation (e.g. programming) is
terminated with printout “Exit Code = 0... Success” to log window.
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Information about converting PDB file to JAM STAPLE for ACTEL
devices
Actel PDB file is a proprietary file format that can be supported by Actel programmers only,
e.g. FlashPro programmer. PG4UW control program can program Actel devices only with Jam
STAPL file. Therefore a file conversion between PDB and STAPL is necessary.
Converting PDB file to Jam STAPL file for ACTEL devices:
install software tool FlashPro (component of Actel Libero tool suite or can be downloads
from www.actel.com as a standalone version)
run FlashPro
click the New Project button or from the File menu choose New Project and type in the
name of your project in the Project Name field. Select desired programming mode – single
device or chain and click OK
from the Configuration menu, choose Load Programming File and select corresponding
*.pdb file to convert
from the File menu, choose Export/Export Single Device STAPL File... Type in file name
and click Save button for export STAPL file to the directory you specified
Conversion of PDB file to STAPL has finish and created *.stp file can be used for
programming Actel device.
Frequently asked questions about Actel
Q: How can be identify/verify already programmed Actel device?
A: There are several possible options to get this done. Each option(action) is varying from
each other in method of comparing already programmed Actel device with loaded STAPL
file. There are the following appropriate mentioned actions in a STP file:
DEVICE_INFO: read and among other things display to log window also the checksum of
the programming environment programmed into the device. This value can be manually
compared by user with the value in the header of the STAPL file (can be viewed in
Information window). Caution: Value of the programmed device checksum isn't counting
from existing(maybe corrupted) device data content however this value is stored during
programming to special memory localization and is only reading!
VERIFY_DEVICE_INFO: similar options as previous with difference in automatic
comparison of programmed device checksum and STAPLE file checksum. The result of
comparison can be either success or error window message.
VERIFY: the safest but the slowest(~tens of seconds depends on device capacity against
~1 second in options 1 and 2) option for data compare programmed device content with
content of STAPLE file. Comparison selected family features(FPGA Array, targeted
FlashROM pages, security setting...) is executing bit by bit and verification process can be
early terminated if data mismatch occurs with writing error message to log window.
Q: Is it possible to program Actel device with two different STAPLE file in one program action
in PG4UW?
A: Yes, it is possible. PG4UW control program has built-in multi-project solution for
mentioned situation. As an example can be programming data content (first STAPL file)
together with security encryption key(second STAPL file).
The IspVM Virtual Machine
The IspVM Virtual Machine is a Virtual Machine that has been optimized specifically for
programming devices which are compatible with the IEEE 1149.1 Standard for Boundary
Scan Test. The IspVM EMBEDDED tool combines the power of Lattice's IspVM Virtual
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MachineTM with the industry-standard Serial Vector Format (SVF) language for Boundary
Scan programming and test.
The IspVM System software generates VME files supporting both ispJTAG and non-Lattice
JTAG files which are compliant to the IEEE 1149.1 standard and support SVF or IEEE 1532
formats. The VME file is a hex coded file that takes the chain information from the IspVM
System window. The devices can be programmed in ZIF socket of the programmer or in
target system through ISP connector. It is indicated by [PLCC44](VME) or (ISP-VME) suffix
after name of selected device in control program. Multiple devices are possible to program
and test via JTAG chain: JTAG chain (ISP-VME).
More information on the website: www.latticesemi.com
Software tools:
Lattice: ispLEVER, IspVM System ISP Programming Software, PAC-Designer Software,
svf2vme utility (converts a serial vector file to a VME file)
Device / Device info
The command provides additional information about the current device - size of device,
organization, programming algorithm and a list of programmers (including auxiliary modules),
that supported this device. You can find here a package information and other general
information about current device too.
The reserved key <Ctrl+F1> will bring out this menu from any menu and any time
immediately.
Programmer
Menu Programmer includes commands used for work with programmers.
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Programmer / Find programmer
This item selects a new type of programmer and communication parameters. This command
contains following items:
Programmer - sets a new type of programmer for find. If a Search all is selected, the control
program finds all supported programmers.
Establish communication - allows manual or automatic establishing communication for a
new programmer.
Speed - sets speed, if a manual establishing communication is selected, which PC sends
data into the programmer. Speed is expressed as a percent from a maximal speed.
The communication speed modification is important for PCs with "slow" LPT ports, which
haven't sufficient driving power for a PC<->programmer cable (laptop, notebook, ...). Use this
command, if you have any communication problems with connected programmer on the LPT
port of your PC (e.g. control program reports a programmer absence, the communication with
the programmer is unreliable, etc.).
If automatic establishing communication is selected, then control program sets a maximal
communication speed.
Port - selects a port, which will be scanned for a requested programmer. If All port is
selected, the control program scans all ports, which are available on standard addresses.
Address for special port - sets address of LPT port, if a Special port is selected.
Pressing key <Enter> or button OK initiates scanning for programmer by set parameters.
There is same activity as at start the control program. The command clears a list of default
devices without the current device, if the new selected programmer supports this one.
This setting is saved to disk by command Options / Save options.
Programmer / Refind programmer
This menu command is used to refind (reestablish communication with) currently selected
programmer.
To select other type of programmer, programmer communication parameters and to establish
communication with newly selected programmer use menu Programmer / Find
programmer.
Programmer / Handler
In dialog Handler a Handler type and Handler communication parameters can be set.
Handler is an external device for special control of device operations in control program.
When None Handler is selected, this means default state of control program, i.e. device
operations are controlled directly by user otherwise control program is in special mode, when
device operations are controlled automatically with co-operation with Handler.
Dialog Handler contains following items:
Selected Handler
select wished Handler type.
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Search at port
select a COM port, which will be scanned for a requested Handler.
Pressing key <Enter> or button OK initiates scanning for Handler by set parameters. If
selected Handler type is None, no Handler scanning will be processed. Current Handler
settings are saved to configuration file by command Options / Save options or when control
program is closed.
Handler is not available for sale.
Programmer / Credit box info
The menu item Credit box info provide all necessary information about Credit box(es)
attached to the PC: type, serial number, information about activation and about credits
available. If more Credit boxes attached to the PC, software show also information about all
credits available.
Availability of Credit box(es) and also information about amount of credits in attached Credit
box(es) is also shown at main window, it is 'Credit box' button below the 'Statistics' and
'Count down' section. This button appears dynamically, when the device that belongs to 'Paid
ISP support' is selected and if at least one Credit box is present.
The bar-graph at the bottom of 'Credit box' button also indicates status of credits on attached
Credit box(es) as next:
Green bargraph
85% of total credits available
yellow bargraph
credit box button 50% of total credits available
red bargraph
credit box button 10%, of total credits available
no bargraph
credit box button 0% of total credits available (depleted)
Information about available credits is periodically updated (also during opened Credit box info
window).
Work with devices belongs to 'Paid ISP support' category
According to requests and needs of customers, programmable devices are more and more
complex. Also, programmable devices range is more and more wide. As a result, we - as s
device programmers manufacturer - have to spend much more development resources for
implementation of new programmable devices support compared to past - simply because
complex devices support is more difficult to implement and number of devices we need to
implement is also much higher.
In case of off-line programming (inZIF socket, using programming adapter), development
costs spent for implementation of new devices support are also covered by programming
adapters selling. But in case of programming in ISP mode, the customer buys only a
programmer and after-selling programmer support costs, included in new versions of
software, are covered by nothing.
To keep software update downloads for free also for devices programmed in ISP mode, we
come to conclusion to apply a very small fee for programming of those devices, where the
implementation of ISP support takes very long and/or for rarely used devices.
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PG4UW
The system is simple. For work with such devices it is necessary to have the Credit box
attached to PC where device programmer is attached. The Credit box is technically a small
dongle in USB port that contains some amount of credits, from 25 thousands to 500
thousands - depending on the model. The micropayment for each such device programming
is done by decreasing of credits amount in the Credit box.
The real fee for credit is very low, it starts at about 0.01 USD per credit for CB-25k version of
Credit box (= 25 thousands credits) and goes steeply down up to about 0.003 USD per credit
for CB-500k version of Credit box (= 500 thousands credits).
The validity of Credit box is limited to 10 regular versions of software. It means, once the
Credit box is activated at the time of first usage, it can be used by current and by next 9
regular versions of software.
Example: activated by 3.01 version of software can be used by 3.01, 3.02, ..., up to 3.10
version of software (including all OnDemand versions).
Credit box status is displayed in main window of PG4UW and PG4UWMC software.
See please the Application note Usage of Credit box for devices in 'Paid ISP support'
category at our web site for details.
Programmer / Module options
This option is used for multiple socket programmers for defining MASTER socket and activity
of each socket. MASTER socket group box allows user to set socket which is preferentially
used for device reading operation. Enable/Disable socket checkbox array allows user to set
enabling and disabling of each socket individually. Disabled sockets are ignored for any
device operation.
Programmer / Automatic YES!
This command is used for setting Automatic YES! mode. In this mode you just take off the
programmed device, then put new device into ZIF socket and a last operation will be
repeated automatically. Program automatically detects an insertion of a new device and runs
last executed operation without pressing any key or button. An insertion of device into ZIF is
displayed on the screen. Repeated operation executing will be cancelled by pressing key
<ESC> during waiting for insert/remove a device to/from ZIF.
After an operation with a device is executed, one of the OK or ERROR (status) LEDs on the
programmer will lights in dependence on the result of an operation and the BUSY LED will
blinking.
If the program detects removal of a device, then status LED will switched off, but the BUSY
LED will still blinking to indicate readiness of the program to repeat last operation with new
device.
After the program indicates one or more pins of (new) device in the ZIF socket of the
programmer, the BUSY LED will goes to light continually. From this the program will wait a
requested time for insert the rest pins of new device. If a requested time (Device insertion
complete time) overflows and a device is not correctly inserted, the program will lights the
ERROR LED to indicate this state. After new device was inserted correctly, the program will
switch off all status LEDs, except BUSY, and will start an operation with new device.
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This mode may be enabled or disabled by item Automatic YES! mode. If a new programmer
is selected Options / Find programmer, this mode will be disabled.
The Response time is interval between insertion of the chip into the ZIF socket and the start
of selected device operation. If longer positioning of the chip in the ZIF socket is necessary
select elongated response time.
Programming adapter used shows name of adapter used with currently selected device.
Pins of programmer's ZIF excluded from sensing contains list of pins that will be ignored
from testing by Automatic YES!. The reason to ignore the pins is mostly - capacitors
connected to these pins.
Button Setting Automatic YES! parameters will run wizard that can detect permanently
connected pins (pins with capacitors) and set these pins to list of pins excluded from sensing.
After selecting of device, list of excluded pins contains default excluded pins for selected
device adapter. If other bypass capacitors to universal programmer and/or device adapter are
added by customer, there is necessary to run Automatic YES! parameters wizard to
override default parameters and detect other pins with capacitors.
In Device removal hold off time is time period between you removed device from the ZIF
socket and the time when software starts to check the socket for new device inserted. This
interval is in seconds and must be from 1 to 120 (default value is 2 seconds).
In Device insertion complete time is possible to set a time within all pins of the device have
to be properly inserted after a first pin(s) detected so that the program will not detects
incorrectly inserted device. This interval is in seconds and must be from 1 to 120 (default
value is 5 seconds).
The Suspend on error defines if the Automatic YES! function will be temporary disabled on
error to see result of operation or will going on without suspension.
The options are set to defaults after new device is selected by Device / Select device
This setting is saved to disk by command Options / Save options and could be saved into
the project file for selected device File / Save project ...
Note: When using device socket adapters with some passive or active parts, for example
capacitors for bypassing supply voltage, the Automatic YES! function may need to set these
pins to Pins with capacitors list. This is necessary to make Automatic YES! function working
properly. Otherwise Automatic YES! function will "think" the pins are still connected and it will
not allow user to insert new device and start new programming.
Programmer / Selftest
Command executes a selftest of current programmer without diagnostic POD. We strongly
recommend execute also Programmer / Selftest plus of programmer, because Selftest
procedure without diagnostic POD is not able to check whole programmer and to discover (if
exist) some special errors.
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PG4UW
Programmer / Selftest plus
Command executes a selftest plus of current programmer using diagnostic POD, which is
included in standard delivery of programmer.
Recommendations how often run Selftest plus you can find at Maintenance section.
Programmer / Self test ISP connector
Command executes a selftest of ISP connector of current programmer using diagnostic POD
for ISP connectors.
Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors is necessary to use for testing 6 and 10-pin ISP
connectors of programmers. Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors is available as optional
accessories for programmers with 6-pin and 10-pin ISP connector (DATAMAN-40PRO).
Schematic of Diagnostic POD for ISP connector (if you are in hurry):
J1
DIP40 to ZIF socket
HR1A 47R
HR1B 47R
HR1C 47R
ZIF7
ZIF4
ZIF9
ZIF1
ZIF2
1
2
3
6
4
5
1
3
5
7
9
2
4
6
8
10
ZIF3
ZIF5
ZIF6
ZIF8
ZIF11
J2
HARTING 09185106324
ZIF1
ZIF2
ZIF3
ZIF4
ZIF5
ZIF6
ZIF7
ZIF8
ZIF9
ZIF11
ZIF3
ZIF5
ZIF4
1
3
5
2
4
6
ZIF6
ZIF8
ZIF2
J3
HARTING 09185066324
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
Sequence for testing 6 pins ISP connector:
1. Insert Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors into ZIF socket of the programmer. Diagnostic
POD for ISP connectors must be inserted as 40 pins device.
2. Interconnect 6 pins connector of Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors with an ISP
connector of the programmer with an ISP cable, included in programmer delivery
package. Be sure that pins are interconnected properly (i.e. 1-1, 2-2, ..., 6-6).
3. Run selftest of ISP connector in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest ISP connector…).
Sequence for testing 10 pins ISP connector:
1. Insert Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors into ZIF socket of the programmer. Diagnostic
POD for ISP connectors must be inserted as 40 pins device.
2. Interconnect 10 pins connector of Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors with an ISP
connector of the programmer with an ISP cable, included in delivery programmer
package. Be sure that pins are interconnected properly (i.e. 1-1, 2-2, ..., 10-10).
3. Run selftest of ISP connector in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest ISP connector…).
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Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 is used for testing 20 pins ISP connector of
programmers. Diagnostic POD for ISP connector #2 is available as standard accessory for
DATAMAN-448PRO2, DATAMAN-48PRO2 and DATAMAN-48PRO2C.
Schematics of Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 (if you are in hurry):
Sequence for testing 20 pins ISP connector:
1. Insert Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 into ZIF socket of the programmer.
Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 must be inserted as 48 pins device.
2. Interconnect 20 pins connector of Diagnostic POD for ISP connectors #2 with an ISP
connector of the programmer with an ISP cable, included in delivery programmer
package. Be sure that pins are interconnected properly (i.e. 1-1, 2-2, ..., 20-20).
3. Run selftest of ISP connector in PG4UW (Programmer / Selftest ISP connector…).
We recommend run this test every 6 months.
Options
The Options menu contains commands that let you view and change various default settings.
Options / General options
General options dialog allows user to control and set variety of PG4UW program options. The
options can be saved to PG4UW configuration file when closing PG4UW application, or
anytime by command Options / Save options.
File options
File options page allows you to set options for erase buffer before loading, auto-reload of
current file and recognition method of file formats for loaded files.
Erase buffer before loading option sets erasing buffer (with desired value) automatically
before loading of data file.
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PG4UW
In group When current file is modified by another process can be set mode of reloading of
actually loaded (current) file. There are three choices:
Prompt before reloading file
Reload automatically
Ignore change scanning of current file
There are three situations when file modification is tested:
switching to the control program from another application
selecting the device operation Verify or Program
when repeat of last device operation is selected in dialog "Repeat?"
Load file format allows to set mode of file format recognition for loading files. When
automatic file format is selected, program analyses format of loading file and test file for each
of supported formats that are available in program. If file format matches one of supported
formats, the file is read to buffer in detected format.
Manual file format allows user to select explicitly wished file format from list of supported file
formats. File may be loaded no completely or incorrectly, if file format does not match to user
selected format.
Check box Show "Load recent project" dialog on program start sets the dialog to appear
on application PG4UW start. Dialog Load recent project contains list of recent projects
(project history). User can quickly select and load any of the project from list, or close the
dialog without loading of project file.
File extensions
File extensions page allows you to set file masks.
File format masks is used for setting file-name masks to use as a filter for file listing in File /
Save and File / Load file window for all file formats. Mask must contain one of wildcards (*, ?)
at least and must be applied correctly by syntax.
Note: More masks can be specified for each file format. Semicolon is used as delimiter for
extensions.
Example:
Motorola:
*.MOT;*.S19
Defines two file masks
*.MOT and *.S19 - for Motorola file format.
Project file default extension is used for setting project files-extension used as default
extension in File / Load project and File / Save project dialogs.
Buffer
This page allows you to select Erase buffer before selecting of new device action. This
can be useful for some kind of special devices, which require exact type of data at certain
addresses, and the data are not part of data file loaded to buffer for this device.
Buffer can be erased (filled) with default "blank" value for selected device or with customdefined value. This can be controlled by selection group box Erase value and Custom erase
value edit field.
Notes: We do not recommend to use this function for large devices (more than 8 MB)
because it can consume more time to make buffer erase. The setting is saved to PG4UW
configuration file. It is not saved to project file.
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Language
This page allows you to select another language for user interface such as menu, buttons,
dialogs, information and messages. It also allows to select wished help file in another
language. For another language support of user interface the language definition file is
required.
Sound
Panel Sound settings page allows user to select the sound mode of program. Program
generates sounds after some activities, e.g. activities on device (programming, verifying,
reading, etc.). Program generates sound also when warning or error message is displayed.
User can now select sound from Windows system sound (required installed sound card), PC
speaker or none sound.
Panel Allow sound for following actions contains following options:
Check box Successful operation
When checked, sound will be generated after device operation successfully completed.
When unchecked, no sound will be generated after successful device operation.
Check box In case of error
When checked, sound will be generated after device operation is finished with error.
When unchecked, no sound will be generated after device operation finished with error.
In the panel Programmer internal speaker sound settings is possible to set sound options
for some programmers with built-in internal speaker. Sound beeps are then generated from
internal programmer speaker after each device operation for indicating device operation
result – good or bad result.
Errors
This option allows to set a device verify errors saving to file. When verify errors occur, first 45
differences are written to Log window. If user wants to save the verify errors (data
differences) to file, he can set options in section Save device verify errors to file to one of
two methods: cumulate errors from all verify actions to the same file or save errors to file just
from last verify action. Verify errors will be saved to file with name specified by Error file
name edit box. Following error report file options are available:
option No (default)
option New
option Append
verify errors saving to file is disabled. Errors are displayed just on
screen
save verify errors to file just from last verify action. Before first write
of new verify action is file deleted and created as new one
verify errors from all verify actions are cumulated into the same file.
If file does not exist, the new file will be created
Box Error report file size limit contains settings that allow to set max. number of verify
errors saved to file. It contains following options:
Check box Stop verification after max. number of errors reached
If checked, verify action will finish after Max. number of errors will be written in file.
If not checked, all verify errors are saved to the file.
Edit box Max. number of errors specifies number of verify errors, that can be written to
error file in one verify operation.
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PG4UW
Log file
This options associates with using of Log window. All reports for Log window can be written
into the Log file too. The Log file name is "Report.rep" as default. The control program creates
this file with name and directory specified in Log file name edit box.
Following Log file options are available:
No
default, content of Log window is not copied to Log file, i.e. all reports will be
displayed to Log window only
New
deletes old Log file and creates new one during each start of control program
Append adds Log window reports into existing Log file, If file does not exist, the new file
will be created
Checkbox Add date information to Log file name allows user to set date information into
Log file name specified by user in Log file name edit box. When the checkbox is checked,
program automatically adds current date string into user specified Log file name by the
following rules:
If user specified log file name has format:
<user_log_file_name>.<log_file_extension>
The name with added date will be:
<user_log_file_name><-yyyy-mmm-dd>.<log_file_extension>
The new part representing of date consists of yyyy - year, mmm - month and dd - day.
Example: User specifies Log file name: c:\logs\myfile.log
The final log file name with added date will look like this (have a date November, 7th, 2006):
c:\logs\myfile-2006-nov-07.log
If do you wish to have log file name without any prefix before date information, you can
specify the log file name as:
.<log_file_extension>
- dot is the first in file name
Example: User specifies Log file name: c:\logs\.log
The final log file name with added date will look like this (have a date November, 7th, 2006):
c:\logs\2006-nov-07.log
Advanced options about Log file size limit are available too.
option Use Log file text truncating when file size limit is reached - when checked, the
Log file size limit is on. It means, that when Log file size reaches specified value, the part
of text included in Log file will be truncated. When the option is unchecked, the size of Log
file is unlimited, respectively is limited by free disk space only.
option Maximum Log file size specifies the maximum size of Log file in kB.
option Amount of truncated text specifies the percentage of Log file text, which will be
truncated after Maximum Log file size is reached. The higher value means more text will
be truncated (removed) from Log file.
The Log file settings can be saved to disk by command Options / Save options.
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Job Report
Job Report represents the summary description of operation recently made on device. Job is
associated with project file and it means the operation starting with Load project until loading
of new project or closing program PG4UW.
Job Report contains following information:
project name
project date
Protected mode status
PG4UW software version
programmer type and serial number
start time of executing the Job (it means time when Load project operation was
performed)
end time of executing the Job (time of creating the Job Report)
device name
device type
checksum
device operation options
serialization information
statistics information
Job Report is generated in following cases:
user command Load project is selected
closing or disconnecting programmer sites is selected
closing the PG4UW
device Count down counter reaches 0 (finished status)
manually by user, when menu "File | Job Report" is used
The Job Report is generated for recently loaded project file, only when statistics value of
Total is greater than 0.
It means, at least one device operation (program, verify,...) must be performed.
Following options are available for Job Report:
Checkbox Enable Job Report function - when checked, the Job Report function is active
(enabled). Otherwise the Job Report function is disabled.
Checkbox Automatically save Job Report file - when checked, the Job Report will be saved
automatically to directory specified in edit field Job Report directory and with file name
created as following:
job_report_<ordnum>_<prjname>.jrp
where
<ordnum> is decimal order of the file. If there exist any report files with the same name, then
order for new report file is incremented about order of existing files.
<prjname> is project file name of recently used project, and without the project file name
extension.
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PG4UW
Example 1:
Let's use the project file c:\myproject.eprj and directory for Job Report set to d:\job_reports\.
There are no report files present in the Job Report directory.
The final Job Report file name will be:
d:\job_reports\job_report_000_myproject.jrp
Example 2:
Let's use the conditions from Example 1, but assume there is already one report file present.
Name of this file is d:\job_reports\job_report_000_myproject.jrp
The final Job Report file name of new report will be:
d:\job_reports\job_report_001_myproject.jrp
Note, the order inside file name is incremented by 1.
When Automatically save Job Report file setting is set, no Job Report dialogs appears
when generating Job Report. Newly generated Job Report is saved to file without any dialogs
or messages (if no error occurs while saving to file).
If the checkbox Automatically save Job Report file is unchecked, the PG4UW will show
Job Report dialog every time needed.
In the Job Report dialog user can select operation to do with Job Report. If user selects no
operation (Close button), the Job Report will be written to PG4UW Log Window only.
Automatic YES!
Allows user to override default settings (as preset in PG4UW software) of indication for the
state when the programmer and the software wait for withdrawing programmed device and a
new one will be inserted in active Automatic YES! mode.
Default (as preset in software) - the programmer indicates the state when a device is
programmed and the programmer with software wait for inserting a new device as preset in
the software for respective programmer. Multi-sockets programmers (the programmers with
more than one ZIF socket) do not indicate this state, see description for Not indicated (quiet
mode). Single-socket programmers (the programmers with one ZIF socket) indicate this state
by LED Busy blinking, see description for By LED Busy blinking setting.
Not indicated (quiet mode) – the programmer, regardless of the number of ZIF sockets of
the programmer, does not indicate the state when a device is programmed and the
programmer with software wait for inserting a new device. After an operation with a device
only one of the status LEDs Error or OK lights, in dependence on the result of previous
operation. This LED goes off immediately after detecting removal of a device from the ZIF
socket.
By LED Busy blinking - the programmer, regardless of the number of ZIF sockets of the
programmer, indicates the state when a device is programmed and the programmer with
software wait for inserting a new device mode by blinking with the LED Busy. After an
operation with a device is done, one of the status LEDs (OK or Error) lights, in dependence
on the result of previous operation and the LED Busy is blinking. If the program detects
removal of a device from ZIF socket, then the status LED goes off, but the LED Busy is still
blinking to indicate readiness of the program to repeat last operation with new device. After
the program indicates one or more pins of (new) device in the ZIF socket, the LED Busy goes
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light continually. From this point the program waits a requested time for insertion of the rest
pins of new device. If a requested time (Device insertion complete time) overflows and a
device is not correctly inserted, the program will light the LED Error to indicate this state.
When new device is inserted correctly, the status LED goes off and a new operation with
device is started.
Remote control
Remote control of PG4UW control program allows to control some functions of PG4UW
application by other application. This is very suitable feature for integrating device
programmer to mass-production handler system or other useful application.
Remote application that controls PG4UW acts as Server. Program PG4UW acts as Client.
Communication between PG4UW and remote control program is made via TCP protocol - this
allows the PG4UW to be installed on one computer and remote control application to be
installed on another computer, and these computers will be connected together via network.
Default TCP communication settings for remote control are:
Port: telnet Address: 127.0.0.1 or localhost
Address setting applies for PG4UW (Client) only. Port setting applies for PG4UW (Client) and
also for Server application.
Default settings allow to use remote control on one computer (address localhost). PG4UW
(Client) and remote control Server have to be installed on the same computer.
Note: If firewall is installed on system, firewall can display warning message when remote
control Server or Client is starting. When firewall is showing warning with question asking to
allow or deny network access for remote Server or Client, please select 'Allow' option,
otherwise remote control will not work. Of course you can specify in firewall options more
strict rights to allow remote Server/Client access on specified address and port only.
For more information about remote control of PG4UW and demonstration remote control
applications, please see the application note remotemanual.pdf placed in subdirectory
\RemoteCtrl which is in the directory, where PG4UW is installed. Manual for remote control is
available also from Windows Start / Programs menu link to Remote manual, created during
PG4UW installation.
Save options
Page allows you to select the program options saving when exiting program. Three options
are available here:
Don't save
don't save options during quitting program and don't ask for saving options
Auto save
save options during quitting program without asking for saving options
Prompt for save program asks user for saving options before quitting program. User can
select to save or not to save options
Other
Page Other allows user to manage other program settings.
Panel Application priority allows user to set the priority of the program. Priority settings can
affect performance of programmer (device programming time), especially if there are running
more demanding applications in the system. Please note that setting application priority level
to Low can significantly slow down the program.
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PG4UW
In the panel Tool buttons, hint display options on toolbar buttons in main program window
can be modified. In the panel Start-up directory can be selected mode of selecting directory
when program starts. Default start-up directory means directory, from which program is
called. Directory in which program was lastly ended means the last current directory when
program was lastly ended. This directory assumes the first directory from directory history list.
Colors of the work result LEDs of programmer:
Standard color scheme (ERROR=red, BUSY=yellow)
Former color scheme (ERROR=yellow, BUSY=red)
Note: These settings are available only for newer types of programmers. If you can't see
mentioned settings in menu, or menu is not enabled for editing, your programmer doesn't
support LED color scheme customization.
Colors of the work result indication in the software:
Standard color scheme (ERROR=red, BUSY=yellow)
According to LEDs on the programmer (ERROR=yellow, BUSY=red)
Note: These settings are available only for older types of programmers.
Options / View
Use the View menu commands to display or hide different elements of program environment
such as toolbars.
Following toolbars are available now:
Options / View / Main toolbar
Choose this command to show or hide the Main toolbar.
Options / View / Additional toolbar
Choose this command to show or hide the Additional toolbar.
Options / View / Device options before device operation
Choose this command to enable/disable display of Device options before device operation is
confirmed.
Options / Protected mode
Protected mode is special mode of program. When program is in Protected mode, there are
disabled certain program operation and commands that can modify buffer or device settings.
Protected mode is used for prevent operator from modify buffer or device settings due to
insignificance. Protected mode is suitable for the programming of a large amount of the same
type of devices.
Protected mode function is available independently in single programming control software
PG4UW and in multiprogramming control software PG4UWMC.
Protected mode in PG4UW
There are two ways how to switch program to Protected mode:
1. by using menu command Options / Protected mode. This command displays password
dialog. User has to enter password twice to confirm the password is correct. After
password confirmation program switches to Protected mode. The entered password is
then used to switch off Protected mode.
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2. by reading project, that was previously saved in Protected mode. For details see File /
Save project.
Checkbox Keep "Load project" operation allowed is set to inactive state by default - it
means the Load project operation button and menu will be disabled when Protected mode is
active.
If the option is enabled (checked), the Load project operation button and menu will be allowed
in Protected mode.
Checkbox Disable view/edit buffer is set to inactive state by default - it means the View/Edit
buffer button and menu will be enabled when Protected mode is active. This allows you and
others to view content of buffer, but not edit (due to active Protected mode).
Activate this option, if you wish to disable also viewing of buffer content in Protected mode. In
this case, we recommend to activate also option Encrypt project file (with password). For
details see File / Save project.
Select operation mode for protected mode
Options "Multi operation" mode - represents basic form of protected mode, where all
available device operations (blank, verify, program, erase) are enabled, except read. This
provides certainty, that operator cannot modify buffer data by accidental or intentional read
operation. It's useful when you want to have all supported device operations enabled in one
project (multi-project).
Options "One operation" mode - represents enhanced form of protected mode, where
only one operation from all available is enabled. Provides better certainty, because
prevents operator from executing wrong type of device operation.
By building more projects saved in "One operation" mode using Multi-project Wizard you
can put together also non-standard flow of device operations of control SW (e.g. Program +
Verify + Verify + Verify). Please, see examples of use and differences between operation
modes.
To switch program from Protected mode to Normal mode, use the menu command Options
/ Normal mode. The ”Password required" dialog appears. User has to enter the same
password as the password entered during switch to Protected mode.
Other way to cancel Protected mode of program is closing of program. Next time the
program starts in Normal (standard) mode (the only exception is case of project loaded by
command line parameter with name of project which was saved in Protected mode).
Protected mode in PG4UWMC
Administrator Mode and Operator Mode in PG4UWMC (former Protected mode)
Program PG4UWMC is set by default to Administrator Mode. It means, no operation blocking
for user is applied. But in production, there is suitable to block some menu commands, to
ensure, user does not modify important program settings or configuration. Operator Mode is
used for this purpose.
More information about Operator and Administrator Mode is available in chapter Options /
Switch to Operator Mode (in PG4UWMC).
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PG4UW
Program PG4UWMC has Protected mode very similar to program PG4UW. The difference is,
that Protected mode can be activated by menu command but cannot be activated by Project
file. Another difference is, that Protected mode settings of PG4UWMC are saved to
configuration .ini file of PG4UWMC while program PG4UWMC is closed. During next start of
application PG4UWMC the recent Protected mode settings obtained from .ini file are used.
There is one menu command - Options / Protected mode - that allows using Protected
mode in application PG4UWMC. After selecting the menu Options / Protected mode,
password dialog appears. User has to enter password twice to confirm the password is
correct. After successful password confirmation program switches to Protected mode.
Protected mode settings are saved to configuration .ini file of PG4UWMC. During next start of
program PG4UWMC the Protected mode settings from .ini file are used.
Checkbox Keep "Load project" operation allowed is set to inactive state by default - it
means the Load project operation button and menu will be disabled when Protected mode is
active.
If the option is enabled (checked), the Load project operation button and menu will be allowed
in Protected mode.
To switch program from Protected mode back to Normal mode, use the menu command
Options / Normal mode. The "Password required" dialog appears. User has to enter the
same password as the password entered during switch to Protected mode.
When Protected mode is active, the label "Protected mode" is visible near the top of Log
window of PG4UWMC main window.
Note: Sometimes when Protected mode is switched from active state to inactive state
(Normal mode), some commands (for example command "Load project") may remain
disabled. This can be resolved by clicking on button Stop ALL.
Multi-projects
Multi-project is special feature which provides possibility to run any sequence of operations
with any device, based on informations saved during creation of sub-projects and multiproject itself.
In practice, using Multi-projects you are able to:
comfortably program multi-chip devices
configure and run any sequence of device operations (e.g. Program + Verify + Verify +
Verify) with one device
See also more detailed description on operation modes.
Basic terms related to Multi-project:
Multi-project file is special file that contains all Multi-project information. Multi-project
file can include one or more projects. Projects included in Multi-project (file) are also
called sub-projects.
Sub-project means classic project file which has been included into Multi-project file
during Multi-project file build.
Project file - a special type of file, that combines buffer data, device operation options,
special options and some level of safety features. It completely defines the way how to
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treat with the device. Once saved, it can be reloaded anytime and the operation can be
repeated exactly.
Multi-chip device is device with two or more independent chips (of the same or various
types) in single package.
Sub-device - an individual part of multichip device. Sub-device is selectable from
PG4UW device list. Once selected, you can work with respective chip in fully manner.
You can define, test and save the project file for the partial chip.
Master device - a multichip device unit, consists of sub-devices. Master-device is
selectable from PG4UW device list, too. Once selected, you can use Multi-project
Wizard to build-up the Multi-project file from individual project files and
save/load/execute it. Master device is not defined if the Multi-project is built up from
Single-chip devices.
Device operation - each operation executable directly selecting via menu, clicking on
toolbar button or callable via remote command (Blank, Read, Verify, Program, Erase).
Some of these operations (especially Program and Erase) may contain embedded suboperations, editable via Menu/Device/Device options.
Multi-project Wizard - an assistant for Multi-project file building. The Wizard allows
user to select projects that have to be included in Multi-project and save them to one
Multi-project file. Process of saving selected project files to one Multi-project file is
called Multi-project file building. The Wizard also allows to start device operation
according to projects (sub-devices) included in Multi-project. More information about
Multi-project Wizard is described bellow.
Multi-project Wizard
Multi-project device operation requires Multi-project file, which contains partial sub-projects
associated to sub-devices (chips) of Master device. Multi-project file can be created in Multiproject Wizard. The Wizard has following main functions:
Select of sub-projects and build final Multi-project file
Load of existing Multi-project file *1
Start device operation of recent Multi-project
Note *1: Existing Multi-project file can be loaded from main menu of PG4UW using menu File
| Load project or from Multi-project Wizard by Load multi-prj command.
Multi-project Wizard contains following controls:
Button Load multi-prj is used for load of existing Multi-project file.
Button Build Multi-project is used for build of new Multi-project file, which uses projects
listed in table Sub-projects.
Table 1: Sub-projects contains list of projects, that are included in recent Multi-project.
Button Add project is used for adding of new project file(s) to list of project files in Table1.
Button Remove project is used for removing of selected project file from list of project
files in Table 1.
Buttons Move up a Move down are used for moving of selected project in Table 1 one
position up or down. Projects are processed in specified sequence order, the upper-most
(#1) as first.
Button Help show this help.
Buttons of device operation Blank, Verify, Program, Erase, or Run are used for running
of selected device operation on all chips (sub-devices) listed in table Sub-projects.
In "Multi operation" mode, one of all available operations can be run at a time (the
same operation on each sub-device).
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PG4UW
In "One operation" mode, only one operation can be run (the same operation on each
sub-device) or each subproject can run it's own (one) operation, depending on projects
the Multi-project consists of.
Following two basic actions have to be performed when using Multi-project to program
Multi-chip devices (similar also for Single-chip devices)::
Making (building) of Multi-project (or Multi-project file)
Using of Multi-project for running of device operation
Making (building) of Multi-project (or Multi-project file)
Following steps are recommended when making Multi-project file:
Create "classic" projects, one project for each sub-device of multichip device.
Projects are created in the same way as projects for generic devices:
select sub-device according to required chip of multichip device *1
set device parameters, settings, and load required device data to buffer by Load file
command in PG4UW
optionally make test of device operation by running the device operation on device
if everything is OK, the project file can be created by Save project command
Select Master multichip device, the Multi-project has to be used for. After selection of
multichip device, Multi-project Wizard is automatically opened.
In Multi-project Wizard add required projects by Add project button. Each project
represents one sub-device of multichip device.
After completing of sub-project selection, use button Build Multi-project to create final
Multi-project file. Program will prompt for name of new Multi-project file. Final Multi-project
file will contain all sub-projects listed in Table 1: Sub-projects.
Notes:
There is possible to create Multi-project from any classic project files. So association with
Master device is not mandatory. It is only on user's consideration how to combine correct
sub-devices (sub-projects) into one Multi-project. This feature can be especially useful when
using ISP programming of devices in JTAG chain with different projects defined.
Multi-project Wizard can be opened by one of following actions:
selecting of Master multichip device from Select Device dialog in PG4UW
loading of created Multi-project file
opening dialog Multi-project Wizard directly from PG4UW menu Options | Multi-project
Wizard
*1 Convention for Master-device and Sub-device part names in PG4UW device list:
Master-device:
Multichip_original_part_name [package_type]
Sub-devices:
Multichip_original_part_name [package_type] (part1)
Multichip_original_part_name [package_type] (part2)
...
Multichip_original_part_name [package_type] (part n)
Example:
Master-device:
TV0057A002CAGD [FBGA107]
Sub-devices
#1 TV0057A002CAGD [FBGA107] (NAND)
#2 TV0057A002CAGD [FBGA107] (NOR)
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Using of Multi-project for running of device operation
Typical usage of existing Multi-project file has following order.
For single programming in PG4UW:
Load created Multi-project by File / Load project menu command in PG4UW main
window or Load multi-prj button in Multi-project Wizard.
After successful loading of Multi-project, Multi-project Wizard is opened automatically.
In Wizard run wished device operation using one of available device operation buttons
(Blank, Verify, Program, Erase), mostly Program device operation is used. Selected
device operation is executed as sequence of sub-project loading and consequent subdevice programming for each sub-device defined in Multi-project. And this is main
purpose of Multi-project - to automate running sequence of device operations for each
chip of multichip device. The side effect of this concept is, that device progress indicators
are reset to 0 at beginning of each sub-device operation, so it looks like progress bar is
"jumping" to 0 few times while multichip operation is running.
After programming of all sub-devices is completed (or error occurs), standard "Repeat"
dialog is displayed. Programmed device can be removed from programmer socket and
new device can be inserted. Pressing Yes button in dialog Repeat or YES! button on
programmer *, will start multichip device programming sequence again.
* If Automatic YES! function is turned on, no Repeat dialog is displayed after device
operation is completed, but Automatic YES! window will appear. The window shows
status of programmer socket and notice about removing of programmed device and
inserting of new device to programmer socket. After inserting of new device, multichip
device operation sequence will start automatically. For more details about Automatic YES!
function, please take a look at Programmer / Automatic YES!.
For multiprogramming by PG4UWMC or standalone programmer:
Load Multi-project by Load project menu.
Run wished device operation by one of available device operation buttons (Blank, Verify,
Program, Erase), mostly Program device operation is used. Selected device operation is
executed as sequence of sub-project loading and consequent sub-device programming
for each sub-device defined in Multi-project. The side effect of this concept is, that device
progress indicators are reset to 0 at beginning of each sub-device operation, so it looks
like progress bar is "jumping" to 0 few times while multichip operation is running.
After programming of all sub-devices is completed (or error occurs), information with
result of device operation is displayed in PG4UWMC. Programmed device can be
removed from programmer socket and new device can be inserted. Pressing operation
button for the Site or YES! button on programmer Site *, will start multichip device
programming sequence again.
* If Automatic YES! function is turned on, sequence of device operation is started again
automatically after removing of programmed and inserting of new device to programmer
socket. For more details about Automatic YES! function, please take a look at
Programmer / Automatic YES!.
Notes:
serialization is not supported in multiprogramming mode
supports serialization)
count-down function is not supported now
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(only single programming
PG4UW
Options / Save options
This command saves all settings that are currently supported for saving, even if auto-save is
turned off. Following options are saved: options under the Options menu, ten last selected
devices, file history, main program window position and size.
Help
Menu Help contains commands that let you view supported devices and programmers and
information about program version too.
Pressing the <F1> key accesses the Help. When you are selecting menu item and press
<F1>, you access context-sensitive help. If PG4UW is executing an operation with the
programmer <F1> generates no response.
The following Help items are highlighted:
words describing the keys referred to by the current Help
all other significant words
current cross-references; click on this cross-reference to obtain further information.
Since the Help system is continuously updated together
with the control program, it may contain information not
included in this manual.
Detailed information on individual menu commands can be found in the integrated on-line
Help.
Note: Information provided in this manual is intended to be accurate at the moment of
release, but we continuously improve all our products. Please consult manual on
www.dataman.com.
Help / Supported devices
This command displays list of all devices supported by at least one type of all supported
programmers. It is useful especially when user wants to find any device supported by at least
one type of programmers.
Prefix ”g_” before name of device means the device is supported by multi-socket
programmer.
Help / Supported programmers
This command displays information about programmers, where supported this program.
Help / Device list (current programmer)
This command makes a list of all devices supported by current programmer and saves it to
?????DEV.txt text file and ?????DEV.htm HTML file in the directory where control program
is run from. Marks ????? are replaced by abbreviated name of current programmer, the
device list is generated for.
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Help / Device list (all programmers)
This command makes device lists for all programmers and saves them to ?????DEV.TXT
text files and ?????DEV.HTM HTML files in the directory where control program is running
from. Characters ????? are replaced by abbreviated name of programmers, the device lists
are generated for.
Note: The control program loses all information about current device after this command is
executed. Reselect wished device again by any of select methods in menu DEVICE.
Help / Device list (cross reference)
This command makes cross reference list of all devices supported by all programmers
available on market and supported by this control program. The resulting list is in HTML
format and consists of following files:
- one main HTML file TOP_DEV.htm with supported device manufacturers listed
- partial HTML files with list of supported devices for each device manufacturer
Main HTML file is placed to directory where this control program for programmers is located.
Partial HTML files are placed to subdirectory DEV_HTML placed to the directory where
control program for programmers is located.
Programmer / Create problem report
Command Create problem report is used for writing more particular diagnostic information to
Log window and consequently copy Log window content to clipboard. The Log window
content can be placed from clipboard to any text editor. Problem report is useful when error
occurs in control program or programmer and kind of the error is, that user can not resolve it
oneself and he must contact programmer manufacturer. In this case when customer send
message to manufacturer about his problem it is good to send also problem report. Problem
report can help manufacturer to localize the reason of error and resolve it sooner.
About
When you choose the Info command from the menu, a window appears, showing copyright
and version information.
.
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PG4UWMC
PG4UWMC
141
Program PG4UWMC is used for fully parallel concurrent device multiprogramming on more
programmers or on one multiprogramming capable programmer connected to USB ports to
the same computer.
PG4UWMC is focused to the easy monitoring of high-volume production operations.
Operator-friendly user interface of PG4UWMC combines many powerful functions with ease
of use and provides overview of all important activities and operation results without burden
of operator with non-important details.
PG4UWMC is using a project file to control the multiprogramming system. Project file
contains user data, chip programming setup information, chip configuration data, auto
programming command sequence, etc. Therefore the operator error is minimized, because
the project file is normally created and proofed by engineering and then given to the operator.
The optional protected mode can be set for project file to avoid unwanted changes of the
project file.
Each chip may be programmed with different data such as serial number, configuration and
calibration information.
Program PG4UWMC consists of following main windows:
main window
settings dialog window
"Search for Programmers" dialog window
For more details about multiprogramming and how to use PG4UWMC, please refer to user
manual for any of our USB interfaced concurrent multiprogramming system (programmer).
The basic description of the main parts of PG4UWMC
PG4UWMC main window
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PG4UWMC
Main window of PG4UWMC consists of following parts:
Menu and tool buttons
Menu and tool buttons allow access to most of PG4UWMC functions.
Tool button Settings
Button is used to open PG4UWMC Settings dialog. Settings dialog is described bellow.
Panels Site #1, Site #2,...
Panels are used to inform about:
Programmer Site selected
Programmer Site activity
current device operation status and/or result
Each panel also contains button Run or button YES! used to start device operation.
Box Statistics
Box Statistics informs about number of programmed devices and number of good and failed
devices.
Note: 'Reset statistics' button is disabled until any action is running on sites. To stop action
on sites press button 'Stop All'.
Checksum
Checksum is showing simple checksum of data loaded from current project file.
Panel Status window
Panel Status window informs about current state of each Site. State can be
Blank
Site is no active
Ready
Site is active and ready to work. Programmer is connected. No device
operation is running.
and other information currently running device operation, result, programmer connection
state and so on
Log window on the right side of Status window
Log window contains information about connecting/disconnecting programmers, device
operation results and other information.
Button Connect programmers
Button is used to connect all selected Programmer Sites. This button is usually used as the
first step after starting PG4UWMC.
Button Disconnect programmers
Button is used to disconnect all connected Programmer Sites and close Programmer Sites
control programs. The button will apply only if no device operation is currently running on any
connected programmer.
Button Run <operation>
Button is used to start device operations on all connected programmers at the same time.
The value of <operation> can be one of following types: Program, Verify, Blank check, Erase.
Button Stop ALL
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Button is used to stop currently running device operations on all connected Programmer
Sites.
Button Help
Button is used to display this help.
Button Start remote control of DATAMAN 448PRO2AP/DATAMAN 48PRO2AP
The button is available for automated programmers only and if in PG4UWMC Settings
dialog/Multiprogramming/Project options is checked Use Site #1 project for all Sites. It is
used to start remote control of PG4UWMC interface. The programmer in button caption is
replaced by name of recently used connected programmer.
Option activates modules detection according to loaded projects on sites.
PG4UWMC Settings dialog
PG4UWMC Settings dialog is used to set or display following options:
table containing information / settings for Programmer Sites: Site numbers, Site serial
numbers, Site associated Project files
checkbox Use one common project for all Sites
checkbox Auto-connect sites settings
checkbox Force gang multiprogramming mode
panel Log file settings
panel Job Report settings
panel Automatic YES! Settings
panel Other
panel Multiprogramming
On the top of PG4UWMC Control panel is table which contains three columns:
column Sites contains checkboxes with Site numbers #1, #2, #3, #4 used to
enable/disable using individual Programmer Site with specified Site number
column Serial number contains information about serial numbers for Programmer Sites
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PG4UWMC
column Project file contains edit lines Project: #1, Project: #2, ...Project: #4 for setting
individual projects to be loaded after running each PG4UW. Project file names can be
entered manually or by dialog Select project file, which can be opened for each Site by
clicking on button "..." placed on the right side of each project edit line. If the project name
edit line is blank, the automatic project load will not be performed.
Checkbox Use one common project for all Sites
Checkbox Use one common project for all Sites is placed under the Sites numbers and
Projects table.
When there is requirement to program the same device types with the same data, the
checkbox should be checked.
If the checkbox is checked, the project file for Site #1 will be used also for all other
Programmer Sites. In this mode all Sites are using the same shared buffer of project data
and program the same device type.
If the checkbox is not checked, each Site will use its own project file defined by name in
table of Sites in column Project file. In this mode each Site is using its own buffer of
project data, which allows to program different data to different types of devices at the
same time in each Site.
Auto-connect sites after PG4UWMC start. Presuming the remembered sites are connected
and ready.
Force YES for gang multiprogramming mode
Standard mode of multiprogramming operation on our multiprogrammers is concurrent
multiprogramming mode, when each programming site works independently and operator
can re-load programmed device while other programming sites are running. In gang
multiprogramming mode predefined operation starts on all programming sites at a time
by pressing any YES! button.
Notes:
works for all active (present and enabled) sites,
start is blocked while any site is busy,
in this mode Automatic YES! is disabled.
Panel Log file settings are used to set mode of using Log file report
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Log file is text file containing information about PG4UWMC control program operation flow,
which means information about loading project files, device operation types and device
operation results. Multiprogramming system generates few of Log files. One main Log file of
program PG4UWMC and Log files for each of running Programmer Sites. Each Site has its
own one Log file. The name of Site's Log file has the same prefix as the name of Log file
specified in edit box Log file. The file name prefix is followed by the number of Site in the form
of _#<Snum>.
Example:
The Log file name specified by user is: "report.log". Then names of Log files will be:
- PG4UWMC main Log file name - "report.log"
- Site's #1 Log file name - "report_#1.log"
- Site's #2 Log file name - "report_#2.log"
- Site's #3 Log file name - "report_#3.log"
and so on...
Following options can be set for Log file creation
option Append Log file sets usage of Log file on. Log file will be created after the first
restart of PG4UWMC. For all other next starts of PG4UWMC, the existing Log file will be
preserved and new data will be appended to the existing Log file.
option Rewrite Log file sets usage of Log file on. Log file will be created after the first
restart of PG4UWMC. For all other next starts of PG4UWMC, the existing Log file will be
rewritten and new Log file will be created. Data from previous Log file will be deleted.
Checkbox Add date information to Log file name allows user to set date information into
Log file name specified by user in Log file name edit box. When the checkbox is checked,
program automatically adds current date string into user specified Log file name by the
following rules:
If user specified log file name has format:
<user_log_file_name>.<log_file_extension>
The name with added date will be:
<user_log_file_name><-yyyy-mmm-dd>.<log_file_extension>
The new part representing of date consists of yyyy - year, mmm - month and dd - day.
Example: User specifies Log file name: c:\logs\myfile.log
The final log file name with added date will look like this (have a date November, 7th, 2006):
c:\logs\myfile-2006-nov-07.log
If do you wish to have log file name without any prefix before date information, you can
specify the log file name as:
.<log_file_extension>
- dot is the first in file name
Example: User specifies Log file name: c:\logs\.log
The final log file name with added date will look like this (have a date November, 7th, 2006):
c:\logs\2006-nov-07.log
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PG4UWMC
Advanced options about Log file size limit are available too:
option Use Log file text truncating when file size limit is reached - when checked, the Log
file size limit is on. It means, that when Log file size reaches specified value, the part of
text included in Log file will be truncated. When the option is unchecked, the size of Log
file is unlimited, respectively is limited by free disk space only.
option Maximum Log file size specifies the maximum size of Log file in kB.
option Amount of truncated text specifies the percentage of Log file text, which will be
truncated after Maximum Log file size is reached. The higher value means more text will
be truncated (removed) from Log file.
Note: Lines start with '+' are shown in the log file, but not in the log at screen to keep better
overview of the on-screen log.
Common information:
Index of Programmer Site is integer number from 1 to 8 which defines unambiguously each
running Programmer Site.
Serial number of Programmer Site defines unambiguously the programmer or programmer
site used. Instance will search all programmers connected on USB Bus until it finds
programmer (site) with desired serial number. Programmers or Programmer Sites with
different serial numbers will be ignored. If the PG4UWMC does not find desired Programmer
Site, the Programmer Site will be set to Demo mode with status set to "Not found".
On one computer, 8 Programmer Sites can be run at the same time.
Job Report settings are used to set mode of using Job Report.
Job Report represents the summary description of operation recently made on device. Job is
associated with project file and it means the operation starting with Load project until loading
of new project or closing program PG4UWMC.
Job Report contains following information:
project name
project date
Protected mode status
PG4UWMC software version
programmer type and serial number
start time of executing the Job (it means time when Load project operation was
performed)
end time of executing the Job (time of creating the Job Report)
device name
device type
checksum
device operation options
serialization information
statistics information
Job Report is generated in following cases:
user command Load project is selected
closing or disconnecting programmer sites is selected
closing the PG4UWMC
device Count down counter reaches 0 (finished status)
manually by user, when menu "File | Job Report" is used
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The Job Report is generated for recently loaded project file, only when statistics value of
Total is greater than 0.
It means, at least one device operation (program, verify,...) must be performed.
Job Report dialog settings are in dialog PG4UWMC Settings (menu Options | Settings) in tab
Job Report.
Following options are available for Job Report:
When the checkbox Automatically save Job Report file is checked, the Job Report will be
saved automatically to directory specified in edit field Job Report directory and with file name
created as following:
job_report_<ordnum>_<prjname>.jrp
where
<ordnum> is decimal order of the file. If there exist any report files with the same name, then
order for new report file is incremented about order of existing files.
<prjname> is project file name of recently used project, and without the project file name
extension.
Example 1: Let's use the project file c:\myproject.eprj and directory for Job Report set to
d:\job_reports\
There are no report files present in the Job Report directory.
The final Job Report file name will be:
d:\job_reports\job_report_000_myproject.jrp
Example 2: Let's use the conditions from Example 1, but assume there is already one report
file present.
Name of this file is d:\job_reports\job_report_000_myproject.jrp
The final Job Report file name of new report will be:
d:\job_reports\job_report_001_myproject.jrp
Note, the order inside file name is incremented by 1.
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PG4UWMC
When Automatically save Job Report file setting is set, no Job Report dialogs appears
when generating Job Report. Newly generated Job Report is saved to file without any dialogs
or messages (if no error occurs while saving to file).
If the checkbox Automatically save Job Report file is unchecked, the PG4UWMC will show
Job Report dialog every time needed.
In the Job Report dialog user can select operation to do with Job Report. If user selects no
operation (Close button), the Job Report will be written to PG4UWMC Log Window only.
Example of typical Job Report dialog is shown bellow:
Automatic YES! Settings
I this mode you just take off the programmed device, then put new device into ZIF socket and
a last operation will be repeated automatically. Program automatically detects an insertion of
a new device and runs last executed operation without pressing any key or button. An
insertion of device into ZIF is displayed on the screen. Repeated operation executing will be
canceled by pressing key <Esc> during waiting for insert/remove a device to/from ZIF.
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This feature may not be available for some types of programmers.
Use settings according to the last loaded project file - Automatic YES! options is set by
the settings in project file. One of the setting's item of Automatic YES! is 'Pins of
programmer's ZIF excluded from sensing', which is depend on used programming adapter.
Because it is possible that different programmers use different programming adapters for
same device, this setting will be ignored in this case and in the log window you can find
following sentence:
"None connected pins setting was not accepted due to different programming adapter. Please
use automatic YES wizard again." If this case occur go on master programming site (if you
run PG4UWMC with option 'Use Site #1 project for all Sites') or on programming site which
wrote previous mentioned sentence to log and click on the button 'Setting Automatic YES!
parameters' in Programmer / Automatic YES! options.
Settings of 'Indication of state when software waits for a new device' and 'Enable sound when
ready for a new device' is not stored in project file.
Enabled - Automatic YES! function is enabled on all connected programming site with
parameters set by PG4UWMC.
Disabled - Automatic YES! function is disabled on all connected programming site. Use this
setting if you need to use button YES! for starting a next operation with the programmed
device.
Response time - interval between insertion of the chip into the ZIF socket and the start of
selected device operation. If longer positioning of the chip in the ZIF socket is necessary
select elongated response time.
Device removal hold off time - time period between you removed device from the ZIF
socket and the time when software starts to check the socket for new device inserted. This
time is in seconds and must be from 1 to 120 (default value is 2 seconds).
Device insertion complete time - time within all pins of the device have to be properly
inserted after a first pin(s) detected so that the program will not detects incorrectly inserted
device. This interval is in seconds and must be from 1 to 120 (default value is 5 seconds).
Suspend on error - defines if the Automatic YES! function will be temporary disabled on
error to see result of operation or will going on without suspension.
Indication of state when software waits for a new device:
Not indicated (quiet mode) - the programmer, regardless of the number of ZIF sockets of
the programmer, does not indicate the state when a device is programmed and the
programmer with software wait for inserting a new device. After an operation with a device
only one of the status LEDs Error or OK lights, in dependence on the result of previous
operation. This LED goes off immediately after detecting removal of a device from the ZIF
socket.
By LED Busy blinking - the programmer, regardless of the number of ZIF sockets of the
programmer, indicates the state when a device is programmed and the programmer with
software wait for inserting a new device mode by blinking with the LED Busy. After an
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PG4UWMC
operation with a device is done, one of the status LEDs (OK or Error) lights, in dependence
on the result of previous operation and the LED Busy is blinking. If the program detects
removal of a device from ZIF socket, then the status LED goes off, but the LED Busy is still
blinking to indicate readiness of the program to repeat last operation with new device. After
the program indicates one or more pins of (new) device in the ZIF socket, the LED Busy goes
light continually. From this point the program waits a requested time for insertion of the rest
pins of new device. If a requested time (Device insertion complete time) overflows and a
device is not correctly inserted, the program will light the LED Error to indicate this state.
When new device is inserted correctly, the status LED goes off and a new operation with
device is started.
Enable sound when ready for a new device - when checked, sound will be generated if SW
detects complete empty ZIF socket and is ready to accept new device into ZIF socket.
When any of previous options is selected and confirmed by OK button, PG4UWMC send
selected settings to all connected programming site. Also if you set Automatic YES!
parameters on master programming site these settings will be send to all connected slave
programming site sites and to PG4UWMC.
For more details about Automatic YES! feature see Programmer / Automatic YES!.
Other
Colors of the work result LEDs of programmer:
Standard LED color scheme (ERROR=red, BUSY=yellow)
Former LED color scheme (ERROR=yellow, BUSY=red)
Note: These settings are available only for some types of programmers. If you can't see
mentioned settings in menu, or menu is not enabled for editing, your programmer doesn't
support LED color scheme customization.
Timer refresh rate defines how often the PG4UWMC program will request status information
from running Programmer Sites. Status information means current device operation type,
progress, result and so on. Current status information is displayed in main window of
PG4UWMC. The default timer refresh rate value is 200ms. If you wish faster refresh of status
information displayed in Operation panel of PG4UWMC, select shorter refresh interval. If you
notice the system performance slow down, when using faster refresh, select higher refresh
value to make refresh less often. On the Pentium 4 computers there is almost no
performance penalty depending on timer refresh rate but on slower computers it is sometimes
useful to select longer (less often) timer interval.
PG4UWMC "Search for Programmers"
Search on local computer
This mode of programmers searching is active after installation of PG4UWMC by default. If
you prefer to operate with programmers connected to different computers via network, try
Network mode.
Red colored programmers (Figure 2) indicate, that there are some sites which are expected
to be present, but cannot be found. These sites are listed in "Not found" column. Otherwise
the column is hidden.
151
Search in defined Programmers group on network.
PG4UWMC, when switched to Network mode, allows to search, start, control and monitor
instances of PG4UW on network computers. Communication between PG4UWMC and
PG4UW is realized through PG4UWMC Network Agent, which is running on each computer.
All PG4UWs, PG4UWMC Network Agents on network and controlling PG4UWMC must be of
same (thus compatible) version. This feature is available only for automated programmers
and is intended to be used mainly with handler machines.
Typical configuration of remotely controlled multiprogramming system running on two
computers
152
PG4UWMC
Installation
During installation, the Network Mode feature will not be installed by default. You have to
activate it by executing installation procedure with command-line parameter
/networkmode (e.g. Start / Run / C:\pg4uwarc.exe /networkmode).
After some initial screens, an option to include installation of PG4UWMC Network Agent and
selection of Programmers Group will appear. Please define name of Programmers group,
which this installed computer will belong to. PG4UWMC Network Agent will be configured to
start with windows.
Installation procedure with command-line parameter /networkmode
153
Installation procedure – customized
154
PG4UWMC
Installation procedure with checked Installation of PG4UWMC Network Agent and selected
name of Programmers group
This way should PG4UW be installed on each computer on network which is considered to
work in Programmers group.
Each computer in Programmers group must have PG4UWMC Network Agent running in
background. If PG4UWMC Network Agent is not running after installation, please, run it from
Start menu / All Programs ...
Installation procedure with checked Installation of PG4UWMC Network Agent and selected
name of Programmers group
Once the installation is done on each computer, we can proceed to initial configuration of
PG4UWMC.
Configuration
Run PG4UWMC on computer which will control whole programming process. In Menu /
Options check Network mode.
155
Installation procedure with checked Installation of PG4UWMC Network Agent and selected
name of Programmers group
We are on network, thus we need to set network path to project file, and log file.
Configuring PG4UWMC read project from network, save logs to network paths.
Now we can proceed to first Search on network in defined Programmers group.
Search for programmers
Evaluate what was found
Check the legend (for help what to do)
Resolve problems to meet restrictions
Enable, Disable, Move, Remove programmers as you desire
Apply changes or Cancel.
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PG4UWMC
Search in Programmers group on network
From this point, working with PG4UWMC should be as usual.
Troubleshooting
If searching programmers does not finish as expected, please check following:
each computer in Programmers group must run PG4UWMC Network Agent with
same Programmers group
your firewall settings may block network communication, please check firewall rules or
temporally disable firewall.
Command line parameters
Program PG4UWMC supports following command line parameters:
/prj:<file_name>
Loads project file. Parameter <file_name> means full or relative project file path and name.
There is also available to make Load project operation from command line by entering project
file name without prefix /prj:...
Example:
pg4uwmc.exe c:\projects\myproject.eprj
Makes load project file "c:\projects\myproject.eprj".
/autoconnectsites
The command forces PG4UWMC to connect programmer Sites (start control program
PG4UW for each Site) during start of PG4UWMC, for all Site-s that were used, when
PG4UWMC was recently closed. There is also equivalent option "Auto-connect Sites"
available in "Settings" dialog of PG4UWMC.
157
Programmers supported by PG4UWMC
The list of currently supported programmers can be displayed in PG4UWMC by menu Help |
Supported programmers. Generally, supported programmers in PG4UWMC are 48-pin
universal programmers with USB interface. Also all of our USB connected multiprogramming
systems are supported. PG4UWMC can handle from 1 to 8 programmer sites. One
programmer site means one ZIF socket module.
Troubleshooting
Serial numbers
For successful using of multiply programmers, correct serial numbers must be specified for
each used programmer in panel Serial numbers. If there is empty field for serial number,
application PG4UW for the programmer Site won't start.
When PG4UWMC application is searching for connected programmers in "Search for
programmers" dialog, serial numbers of programmers are detected automatically. User does
not need (and can not) specify serial numbers by himself.
Communication error(s) while searching for programmers
If some kind of communication error(s) occurs, please close all PG4UW applications and
PG4UWMC and then start PG4UWMC and click button "Connect programmers" to start
PG4UW applications for each Site and connect programmers.
All programmers are connected correctly but unstable working
If communication with programmers is lost randomly during device operation (for example
device programming), please close other programs, especially programs which consumes
large amount of system resources (multimedia, CAD, graphic applications and so on).
Note: We also recommend to use computer USB ports placed on back side of computer and
directly connected to motherboard, because computer USB ports connected to computer
motherboard indirectly - via cable, may be unreliable when using high speed USB 2.0 transfer
modes. This recommendation is valid not only for programmers, but also for other devices.
158
Common notes
Common notes
159
Maintenance
We recommend to follow the instructions and precautions herein to achieve high reliability of
the programmer for a long period of time.
The programmer maintenance depends on character and amount of its use. Regardless, the
following recommendations are generally accepted:
Do not use and store the programmer in dusty places.
Humidity accelerates sedimentation of debris and dust in ZIF socket.
After end the job cover the ZIF socket of the programmer with enclosed dust cover.
Do not expose the programmer to direct sunlight or position near a source of heat.
Intensively daily use (programming centre, production)
Daily maintenance
Check the ZIF sockets of the programmer and the socket converters for their condition and
wear. Remove debris, dust and grime from the ZIF sockets with clean, dry and compressed
air. Clean the ZIF sockets both in closed and opened position.
Weekly maintenance
Perform the “Selftest plus” for every programmer or programming module.
Quarterly maintenance
Gently clean the surface of the programmer with isopropyl alcohol or technical alcohol on a
soft cloth. The LCD clean with a soft cloth moisten in water only. Isopropyl alcohol may
damage surface of the LCD.
Perform the calibration test if the programmer supports this feature.
Daily use (developing laboratory, office)
Daily maintenance
After end of the job cover the ZIF socket of the programmer with enclosed dust cover. It is
also recommended to protect the ZIF sockets of the socket converters from dust and grime.
Weekly maintenance
Check the ZIF sockets of the programmer and the socket converters for their condition and
wear. Remove debris, dust and grime from the ZIF sockets with clean, dry and compressed
air. Clean the ZIF sockets both in closed and opened position.
Quarterly maintenance
Perform the “Selftest plus” for every programmer or programming module.
Biannual maintenance
Gently clean the surface of the programmer with isopropyl alcohol or technical alcohol on a
soft cloth. The LCD clean with a soft cloth moisten in water only. Isopropyl alcohol may
damage surface of the LCD.
Perform the calibration test if the programmer supports this feature.
Occasional use
Daily maintenance
After end of the job cover the ZIF socket of the programmer with enclosed dust cover. It is
also recommended to protect the ZIF sockets of the socket converters from dust and grime.
Quarterly maintenance
Check the ZIF sockets of the programmer and the socket converters for their condition and
wear. Remove debris, dust and grime from the ZIF sockets with clean, dry and compressed
air. Clean the ZIF sockets both in closed and opened position.
160
Common notes
Biannual maintenance
Perform the “Selftest plus” for every programmer or programming module.
Annual maintenance
Gently clean the surface of the programmer with isopropyl alcohol or technical alcohol on a
soft cloth. The LCD clean with a soft cloth moisten in water only. Isopropyl alcohol may
damage surface of the LCD.
Perform the calibration test if the programmer supports this feature.
Warning:
The ZIF socket of the programmer and the socket converters are considered as
consumables. The life cycle of the ZIF socket of the programmer' is about 25.000 mechanical
cycles. The life cycle of ZIF sockets of the socket converters is in generally from 5.000 to
10.000 mechanical cycles, even if the life cycle of some specialized BGA ZIF sockets can be
about 500.000 mechanical cycles. Programmed devices, environment and ZIF maintenance
have direct influence to actual electrical lifetime of ZIF socket (it means that ZIF socket does
not cause programming failures yet). Keep fingers away from contacts of ZIF socket, because
contacts of the ZIF socket fouled by smear and grime from fingers may cause the
programming failures. Change the ZIF socket or the socket converter if you noticed increased
number of programming failures.
The warranty does not apply to the ZIF sockets that are wear or grimy and which cause large
amount of failures during working with programmer.
Software
PG4UW is common control program for some DATAMAN programmers. Thus, during work
with him it is possible to find some items, those refer not to current selected programmer.
Command line parameters
We recommend using special utility pg4uwcmd.exe to make command line parameter
control of PG4UW. For backward compatibility there is possible to use some command line
parameters also directly with pg4uw.exe, but better way is to use pg4uwcmd.exe, which has
support of more command line commands and also it has capability to return ExitCode (or
ErrorLevel) value indicating success or error result of executing command line parameters.
For more information about using pg4uwcmd.exe command line controller for PG4UW,
please take a look at Remote command line control of PG4UW.
Command line parameters which can be used directly with pg4uw.exe
/Prj:<file_name>
forces project load when program is starting or even if program is
already running, <file_name> means full or relative project file path
and name
/Loadfile:<file_name> forces file load when program is starting or even if program is already
running, <file_name> means full or relative path to file that has to be
loaded, file format is detected automatically
/Saveproject:<file_name>
the command is used to save currently selected device type,
buffer contents and configuration to project file. Command
/Saveproject:... is equivalent to user selected command Save
project in PG4UW control program.
161
Please note, the file name Windows conventions must be fulfilled. It means also, that when
file name contains spaces, the command line parameter must have the file name bounded
inside quotation marks.
Examples:
/prj:c:\myfile.eprj
Load project file with name c:\myfile.eprj.
/loadfile:"c:\filename with spaces.bin"
Load file "c:\filename with spaces.bin" to buffer.
/Program[:switch]
switch 'noquest'
switch 'noanyquest'
forces start of ”Program device” operation automatically when
program is starting, or even if program is already running, also one of
following optional switches can be used:
forces start of device programming without question
forces start of device programming without question and after
operation on device is completed, program doesn't show "Repeat"
operation dialog and goes directly into main program window
Examples:
1. /Program
2. /Program:noquest
3. /Program:noanyquest
/Close
this parameter has sense together with /Program parameter only, and
makes program to close automatically after device programming is
finished successfully
/Close: always
this parameter has sense together with /Program parameter only,
and makes program to close automatically after device programming
is finished, no matter if device operation was successful or not.
/Eprom_Flash_Autoselect[:xx]
forces automatic select EPROM or FLASH by ID when program is
starting or even if program is already running. xx means pins number
of device in ZIF (this time are valid 28 or 32 pins only) and it is
required just for older programmers without insertion test capability.
For others programmers is the value ignored.
Basic rules for using of executive command line parameters:
1. command line parameters are not case sensitive
2. command line parameters can be used when first starting of program or when program is
already running
3. if program is already running, then any of command line operation is processed only when
program was not busy (no operation was currently executing in program). Program
must be in basic state, i.e. main program window focused, no modal dialogs displayed,
no menu commands opened or executed.
4. order of processing command line parameters when using more parameters together is
defined firmly as following:
1. Load project (/Prj:...)
2. Load file (/Load file:...)
3. EPROM/Flash select by ID
4. Program device (/Program[:switch])
5. Close of control program (/Close only together with parameter /Program)
162
Common notes
Available command line parameters:
/Axxx
check programmer present on LPT port with address xxx only
example: /A3bc
/SPP
force PC <-> programmer communication in unidirectional mode
Available command line parameters for starting program PG4UW in demo mode
Demo mode is useful in situations, when no programmer device is available. Demo mode can
be used by clicking button Demo in dialog Find programmer or by command line parameter
/demo. Recommended usage of the parameter is:
pg4uw.exe /demo /<programmer name>
where <programmer name> has to be replaced by name of wished programmer as it is used
in PG4UW control program.
Remote command line control of PG4UW
PG4UW can accept set of commands from the command line (command line parameters).
The remote control can be achieved also by these command line parameters, but more
efficient way is to use special tool pg4uwcmd.exe, which has many advantages. The main
advantage is size of the pg4uwcmd, which result the calling of pg4uwcmd results a much
faster response than calling of PG4UW directly.
Program pg4uwcmd.exe can be used to:
1. start PG4UW application with specified command line parameters
2. force command line parameters to PG4UW that is already running
Very good feature of pg4uwcmd.exe is its return code according to command line parameters
operation result in PG4UW.
Return values of pg4uwcmd.exe
If the command line parameters processed in PG4UW were successful, the ExitCode (or
ErrorLevel) of pg4uwcmd.exe is zero. Otherwise the ExitCode value is number 1 or more.
Return value of program pg4uwcmd.exe can be tested in batch files.
Following executive command line parameters are available to use with pg4uwcmd.exe
/Prj:<file_name>
Loads project file. Parameter <file_name> means full or relative
project file path and name.
/Loadfile:<file_name> Loads file. Parameter <file_name> means full or relative path to file
that has to be loaded. File format is detected automatically
/Program[:switch]
Forces start of "Program device" operation automatically when
program is starting, or even if program is already running. Also one of
following optional switches can be used:
switch 'noquest'
forces start of device programming without question
switch 'noanyquest' forces start of device programming without question and after
operation on device is completed, program doesn't show "Repeat"
operation dialog and goes directly into main program window
Examples:
4. /Program
5. /Program:noquest
6. /Program:noanyquest
163
/Close
This parameter has sense together with /Program parameter only,
and makes program PG4UW to close automatically after device
programming is finished (no matter if operation was successful or
not).
/Saveproject:<file_name>
The command is used to save currently selected device type, buffer
contents and configuration to project file. Command /Saveproject:... is
equivalent to user selected command Save project in PG4UW control
program.
/Eprom_Flash_Autoselect[:xx]
Forces automatic select EPROM or FLASH type by reading of
electronic ID from the chip, inserted currently in ZIF socket of
programmer. Optional parameter xx means pins number of device in
ZIF (this time are valid 28 or 32 pins only) and it is required just for
older programmers without insertion test capability. For others
programmers the xx parameter can be omitted, because is ignored.
Examples:
/Eprom_Flash_Autoselect
/Eprom_Flash_Autoselect:32
/writebuffer:ADDR1:B11,B12,B13,B14,...,B1N[::ADDR2:B21,B22,B23,B24,...,B2M]...
Command /writebuffer is used to write block of Bytes to PG4UW main
buffer at specified address. Write buffer command has one block of
data required and other block(s) of data (marked with [...]) optional.
Please do not use spaces or tabs in the command.
Buffer address is always defined as Byte address, it means, that for
buffer organization x16, the address AAAAx16 in buffer has to be
specified in command /writebuffer as 2*AAAA (x8).
Example 1:
/writebuffer:7FF800:12,AB,C5,D4,7E,80
Writes 6 Bytes 12H ABH C5H D4H 7EH 80H to buffer at address 7FF800H.
The addressing looks like following:
the first Byte at the lowest address
Buffer Address Data
7FF800H
12H
7FF801H
ABH
7FF802H
C5H
7FF803H
D4H
7FF804H
7EH
7FF805H
80H
Example 2:
/writebuffer:7FF800:12,AB,C5,D4,7E,80::FF0000:AB,CD,EF,43,21
\_____________________/ \___________________/
the first block of data
the second block of data
Writes two blocks of data to buffer.
The first block of data - 6 Bytes 12H ABH C5H D4H 7EH 80H are written to buffer
at address 7FF800H in the same way as in Example 1.
The second block of data - 5 Bytes ABH CDH EFH 43H 21H are written to buffer
at address FF0000H.
164
Common notes
The addressing looks like following:
the first Byte at the lowest address
Buffer Address Data
FF0000H
ABH
FF0001H
CDH
FF0002H
EFH
FF0003H
43H
FF0004H
21H
/writebufferex:INDEX:ADDR1:B11,B12,B13,B14,...,B1N[::ADDR2:B21,B22,B23,B24,...,B2M]..
Command /writebufferex is used to write block of Bytes to PG4UW
main buffer at specified address. The command is very similar to
command /writebuffer, except one more parameter – INDEX.
The INDEX parameter specifies the order of buffer, where data will
send. The main buffer has index '1'. The first secondary buffer has
index '2', etc. Please note, the secondary buffer(s) is(are) available for
some kinds of devices only (e.g. Microchip PIC16F628). The kind of
buffer indexed by parameter buffindex depends on order of buffer in
application PG4UW in dialog View/Edit buffer. For example device
Microchip PIC16F628 has additional buffer with label "Data
EEPROM". This buffer can be accessed for data write(s) by this
function when buffindex = 2 is specified.
Example 1:
/writebufferex:1:7FF800:12,AB,C5,D4,7E,80
The command is equivalent to command
/writebuffer:1:7FF800:12,AB,C5,D4,7E,80
described in section about command /writebuffer.
Example 2:
/writebufferex:2:2F:12,AB,C5,D4,7E,80
The command writes 6 Bytes 12H ABH C5H D4H 7EH 80H to secondary buffer
with index “2” at address 2FH. The addressing looks like following:
the first Byte at the lowest address
Buffer Address Data
00002FH
12H
000030H
ABH
000031H
C5H
000032H
D4H
000033H
7EH
000034H
80H
Basic rules for using of executive command line parameters:
1. program pg4uwcmd.exe must be located in the same directory as program pg4uw.exe
2. if pg4uw.exe is not running when pg4uwcmd.exe is called, it will be automatically started
3. command line parameters are not case sensitive
4. command line parameters can be used when first starting of program or when program is
already running
5. if program is already running, then any of command line operation is processed only when
program was not busy (no operation was currently executing in program). Program must
be in basic state, i.e. main program window focused, no modal dialogs displayed, no
menu commands opened or executed
165
6. order of processing command line parameters when using more parameters together is
defined firmly as following:
step1 Load file (/Loadfile:...)
step2 Load project (/Prj:...)
step3 EPROM/FLASH autoselect
step4 Program device (/Program[:switch])
step5 Close of control program (/Close only together with parameter /Program)
Example 1:
pg4uwcmd.exe /program:noanyquest /loadfile:c:\empfile.hex
Following operations will perform:
1. start pg4uw.exe (if not already running)
2. load file c:\empfile.hex
3. start program device operation without questions
4. pg4uwcmd.exe is still running and periodically checking status of pg4uw.exe
5. when device programming completes, pg4uwcmd.exe is closed and is returning
ExitCode depending on load file and device programming results in pg4uw.exe. When
all operations were successful, pg4uwcmd.exe returns 0, otherwise returns value 1 or
more.
Example 2:
pg4uwcmd.exe /program:noanyquest /prj:c:\emproject.eprj
The operations are the same as in Example 1, just Load file operation is replaced by Load
project file c:\emproject.eprj command.
Example 3:
Using pg4uwcmd.exe in batch file and testing return code of pg4uwcmd.exe.
rem ------- beginning of batch [email protected] off
rem Call application with wished parameters
pg4uwcmd.exe /program:noanyquest /prj:c:\emproject.eprj
rem Detect result of command line execution
rem Variable ErrorLevel is tested, value 1 or greater means the error occurred
if ErrorLevel 1 goto FAILURE
echo Command line operation was successful
goto BATCHEND
:FAILURE
echo Command line operation error(s)
:BATCHEND
echo.
echo This is end of batch file (or continue)
pause
rem ------- end of batch ------------------------Example 4:
Let's assume the PG4UW control program is running, and has user selected device. We need
to load required data to PG4UW device buffer and save the selected device settings and
buffer content to project file. Data required for device are stored in file c:\1500125001\file_10.bin. Project file will be stored at c:\projects\project_10.eprj.
Following command line parameters should be specified to realize wished operation:
pg4uwcmd.exe /loadfile:c:\15001-25001\file_10.bin /saveproject:c:\projects\project_10.eprj
166
Common notes
When PG4UW receives the commands, it will do following procedures:
1. loads data file c:\15001-25001\file_10.bin
2. saves the currently selected device settings and buffer data to project file
c:\projects\project_10.eprj
If the result of operations performed is OK, PG4UWCMD application will return ExitCode (or
ErrorLevel) value 0.
If there are some errors (can not load file or save to project file), PG4UWCMD application will
return ExitCode value equal or greater than 1.
Note: When using the above commands, user must be sure the PG4UW is not performing
any device operation, for example device programming. If the PG4UW is busy, it will refuse
the commands and returns error status (ExitCode equal or greater than value 1).
Hardware
Due a large variety of parallel port types, a case may occur when the programmer cannot "get
concerted" with the PC. This problem may be shown as none communication between the PC
and the programmer, or by unreliable communication. If this behavior occurs, try to connect
your programmer to some other PCs or other parallel ports near you.
If you find none solution, please document the situation, i.e., provide us an accurate
description of your PC configuration, including some other circumstances bearing on the
problem in question, and advise the manufacturer of your problem. Don’t forget please enter
of PC type, manufacturer, speed, operation system, resident programs; your parallel port I/O
manufacturer and type. Use please Device problem report form for this purpose.
Warning:
Class A ITE notice
Devices described at this manual are class A products. In domestic environment this products
may cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
Because DATAMAN-448PRO2, DATAMAN-48PRO2 and DATAMAN-48PRO2C have internal
power supply, follow these special precautions:
Circuit breakers (overcurrent protection) must be a part of building electrical installation.
Pull out power cord plug from outlet to disconnect programmer from mains. The outlet
must be placed near to programmer and must be easy accessible.
ISP (In-System Programming)
Definition
In-system programming allows programming and reprogramming of device positioned
inside the end system. Using a simple interface, the ISP programmer communicates serially
with the device, reprogramming nonvolatile memories on the chip. In-system programming
eliminates the physical removal of chips from the system. This will save time and money, both
during development in the lab, and when updating the software or parameters in the field.
Target device is the device (microcontroller, PLD, etc…), which is to be in-system
programmed.
167
Target system is the physical Printed Circuit Board (PCB), which contains the device to be
in-system programmed.
ISP programmer is programmer, which has in-system programming capability (for example
DATAMAN-48PRO2, DATAMAN-48PRO2C, DATAMAN-40PRO …).
General rules for in-system programming
We recommended respect following rules to avoid damage PC, ISP programmer, and target
device or target system:
Ensure common earth point for target system, ISP programmer and PC.
For laptop or other PC that is not connected to common earth point: make hard - wired
connection from laptop to common earth point (for example use LPT or COM port D –
connector).
Any devices connected to target system must be connected to common earth point too.
Direction of connect DATAMAN ISP programmer to target
system:
During in-system programming you connect two electrical devices – ISP programmer and
target system. Unqualified connection can damage these devices.
Note: When you don’t keep below directions and you damage programmer during in-system
programming, it is damage of programmer by unqualified manipulation and is out of warranty.
1. Turn off both devices – ISP programmer and target device.
2. Assign same GND potential for all devices, e.g. connect GND of all devices by wire.
3. Insert one connector of ISP cable to ISP programmer, turn on programmer and control
program.
4. In control program select target device and operation options.
5. Start action on target device (read, program).
6. After direction of control program, connect other ISP cable connector to target system and
turn on it.
7. After direction of control program, disconnect other ISP cable connector from target system
and turn off it.
8. If you need another action on target device, you continue with step 5.
The recommendation for design of target system with ISP
programmed device
The target system must be designed to allow all signals, which are use for In-system
programming to be directly connected to ISP programmer via ISP connector. If target system
use these signals for other function, is necessary isolated these signals. Target system
mustn’t affect these signals during In-system programming.
168
Common notes
For in-system programmable devices manufacturers publish application notes. Design of
DATAMAN programmers together with respect of these application notes allows proper Insystem programming. Condition is exactly respecting these application notes.
Other
There is needful for regular running of control program for any DATAMAN programmer that
printer port, on which is programmer connected, must be reserved for this programmer only.
Otherwise, any other program must not simultaneously to use (or any way to modify) this
printer port.
PG4UW SW can handle all modes of LPT port (full IEEE 1284 support), thus you don't need
to configure LPT port for connection of DATAMAN programmers.
Please don't move Info window during BUSY LED is on - watching circuit can be activate to
switch the programmer in safe status as in case communication PC-programmer error.
LPT port driver
For programmers connected through parallel LPT port, control program requires correctly
installed LPT port driver. LPT port driver installation and uninstallation is made automatically
by installation program. Normally there are no problems with the driver. But sometimes driver
can not be initialized correctly. It is especially in the case that no LPT1 port is present in the
Windows NT/2000/XP operating systems. When the LPT port driver is not initialized, control
program can not detect any LPT ports in the system.
If LPT port on PCMCIA or Express Card is used, the card must be installed in computer
before starting of operating system.
LPT driver requires port LPT1 to be present in the operating system. Please check the
parallel port LPT1 is present in the system.
The short description, how to see LPT ports present in operating system:
1. click to "Start" menu
2. click with right mouse button to "My computer" item and select menu "Properties
3. in the "System properties" dialog select "Hardware" page and click to "Device manager"
button
4. in the "Device manager" dialog select "Ports (Com & LPT)" (double click), it will show the
list of all present LPT and COM ports
There should be displayed at least one present LPT port. If there are present one or
more LPT ports but with numbers other than LPT1, it is necessary to change one of the
LPT ports to LPT1 port. Follow the steps bellow (steps 1. - 4.)
5. double click to selected LPT port to show properties of the port
6. in the "LPT port properties" dialog select the page "Port settings"
7. change number of LPT port to LPT1 by "LPT Port Number" setting
8. click OK button
9. restart the operating system
(even if system does not require restart, it is necessary to perform system restart to correctly
initialize our LPT port driver)
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That’s all. Our software should work properly with LPT connected programmer.
When using programmer connected through USB, there is no need of LPT port driver.
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Troubleshooting and warranty
Troubleshooting and warranty
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Troubleshooting
We really want you to enjoy our product. Nevertheless, problems can occur. In such cases
please follow the instructions below.
It might be your mistake in properly operating the programmer or its control program
PG4UW.
Please read carefully all the enclosed documentation again. Probably you will find the
needed answer right away.
Try to install programmer and PG4UW on another computer. If your system works
normally on the other computer you might have a problem with the first one PC. Compare
differences between both computers.
Ask your in-house guru (every office has one!).
Ask the person who already installed programmer.
If the problem persists, please call the local dealer, from whom you purchased the
programmer, or call DATAMAN direct. Most problems can be solved by email, fax or phone.
E-mail – Complete and submit the "TECHNICAL SUPPORT REQUEST" available from
our website www.dataman.com. Include everything that you consider being relevant
about the programmer, software and the target device.
Mail/fax – Print and complete the "RETURNS FORM" available from our website
www.dataman.com. Include everything that you consider being relevant about the
programmer, software and the target device. Send the completed form by mail or fax to
DATAMAN (fax number in the control program, menu Help / About) or to your local
dealer.
Phone - Call your local dealer or DATAMAN's customer support center (phone number in
the control program, menu Help / About).
If your programmer is diagnosed as defective, consult your local dealer or DATAMAN about
the pertinent repair center in your country. Please carefully include the following items in the
package:
Defective product
Completed "RETURNS FORM" available from our website www.dataman.com.
Photocopy of a dated proof of purchase
Without all these items we cannot admit your
programmer to repair.
Note:
You may find the "DEVICE PROBLEM REPORT" form:
at our Internet site (www.dataman.com), section Support / Problem report.
If you have an unsupported target device
If you need to operate on a target device not supported by the control program for
programmer, please do not despair and follow the next steps:
Look in the device list of the latest version of the control program on our Internet site
(section Download, file corresponded to your programmer). Your new target device may
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Troubleshooting and warranty
already be included in this version! If yes, download and install the new version of the
control program.
Contact DATAMAN directly by completing and submitting the "TECHNICAL SUPPORT
REQUEST" available from our website www.dataman.com. We may need to request data
sheets and samples of your target device. Any samples will be returned to you after we
include your target device in a new version of PG4UW.
Warranty terms
The manufacturer, Dataman Programmers Ltd, gives a guarantee on failure-free operating of
the programmer and all its parts, materials and workmanship for three years
(DATAMAN-448PRO2, DATAMAN-48PRO2, and DATAMAN-40PRO) and one year
(DATAMAN-MEMPRO) from the date of purchase. This warranty is limited to 25,000-cycles
on DIL ZIF socket or 10,000-cycles on other ZIF sockets). If the product is diagnosed as
defective, Dataman Programmers Ltd or the authorized repair center will repair or replace
defective parts at no charge. Parts used for replacement and/or whole programmer are
warranted only for the reminder of the original warranty period.
For repair within the warranty period, the customer must prove the date of purchase.
This warranty terms are valid for customers, who purchase a programmer directly from
Dataman company. The warranty conditions of Dataman sellers may differ depending on the
target country law system or Dataman seller’s warranty policy.
The warranty does not apply to products that are of wear and tear or mechanically damaged.
Equally, the warranty does not apply to products opened and/or repaired and/or altered by
personnel not authorized by Dataman, or to products that have been misused, abused,
accidentated or that were improperly installed.
For unwarrantable repairs you will be billed according to the costs of replacement materials,
service time and freight. Dataman or its distributors will determine whether the defective
product should be repaired or replaced and judge whether or not the warranty applies.
Please also see Troubleshooting section.
Manufacturer:
: Dataman Programmers Ltd
Unit 2 Newton Hall, Dorchester Road
Maiden Newton
Dorset
DT2 0BD
United Kingdom
: + 44 0 1300 320719
www.dataman.com, [email protected]
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Dataman has used its best efforts to develop hardware and software that is stable and
reliable. Dataman does not guarantee that the hardware and software are free of "bugs",
errors or defects. Dataman 's liability is always limited to contract's net value paid by a buyer.
Dataman is not liable for:
Damage caused by inappropriate use or handling of products.
Damage caused by users or third parties modifying or trying to modify products.
Any further damage or consequent damage caused by hardware errors or software
“bugs”.
For example: lost profits, lost savings, damages arised from claims of third parties against a
client, damage or loss of recorded data or files, renown, loss caused by impossibility to use
etc.
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