FT-1900R

FT-1900R
FM TRANSCEIVER
FT-1900R
OPERATING MANUAL
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan
VERTEX STANDARD
US Headquarters
10900 Walker Street, Cypress, CA 90630, U.S.A.
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.
Unit 5, 20/F., Seaview Centre, 139-141 Hoi Bun Road,
Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
VERTEX STANDARD (AUSTRALIA) PTY., LTD.
Normanby Business Park, Unit 14/45 Normanby Road
Notting Hill 3168, Victoria, Australia
Contents
FT-1900R Quick Reference Guide
Introduction ...................................................... 1
Specifications .................................................... 2
Accessories & Options ...................................... 3
Supplied Accessories ..................................... 3
Optional Accessories ...................................... 3
Installation ........................................................ 4
Preliminary Inspection ................................... 4
Installation Tips .............................................. 4
Safety Information .......................................... 5
Antenna Considerations ................................. 6
Mobile Installation ......................................... 7
Mobile Power Connections ........................ 8
Mobile Speakers ......................................... 8
Base Station Installation ................................. 9
AC Power Supplies .................................... 9
Front Panel Controls & Switches .................. 10
Microphone Switches ..................................... 12
Rear Panel Connectors ................................... 13
Basic Operation .............................................. 14
Turning the Transceiver On and Off ............ 14
Adjusting the Audio Volume Level ............. 14
Adjusting the Squelch Setting ...................... 14
Frequency Navigation .................................. 15
1) Tuning Dial .......................................... 15
2) Direct Keypad Frequency Entry .......... 15
3) Scanning .............................................. 15
Transmission ................................................ 16
Changing the Transmitter Power Level ... 16
Advanced Operation ...................................... 17
Weather Broadcast Reception ...................... 17
Lock Feature ................................................. 18
Keyboard Beeper .......................................... 18
Channel Step Selection ................................ 19
Display Brightness ....................................... 19
RF Squelch ................................................... 20
Repeater Operation ....................................... 21
Standard Repeater Shift ........................... 21
Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS) ............. 22
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS Operation ..................... 23
CTCSS Operation .................................... 23
DCS Operation ......................................... 25
Tone Search Scanning .............................. 26
EPCS Operation ....................................... 27
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS Bell Paging .............. 29
Split Tone Operation ................................ 30
DTMF Operation .......................................... 32
Manual DTMF Tone Generation ............. 32
DTMF Autodialer .................................... 32
Memory Operation ......................................... 34
Memory Storage ........................................... 34
Separate Transmit Frequency Memory
(“Odd Splits”) ...................................... 35
Memory Recall ............................................. 36
Labeling Memories ...................................... 37
Memory Tuning ............................................ 38
Masking Memories ....................................... 38
Memory Bank Operation .............................. 39
Assigning Memories to a Memory Bank . 39
Memory Bank Recall ............................... 39
Removing Memories
from a Memory Bank ........................... 40
Changing a Memory Bank’s Name .......... 40
HOME Channel Memory ............................. 41
Memory Only Mode ..................................... 42
Scanning .......................................................... 44
Basic Scanner Operation .............................. 44
Scan-Resume Option .................................... 45
Memory Skip Scanning ................................ 46
Preferential Memory Scan ............................ 47
Memory Bank Link Scan ............................. 48
Programmable Band-Scan Limits ................. 49
Priority Channel Scanning (Dual Watch) ..... 50
Priority Revert Mode ............................... 50
Weather Alert Scan ...................................... 51
Band Edge Beeper ........................................ 51
Smart Search Operation ................................ 52
Internet Connection Feature ......................... 54
SRG Mode .................................................... 54
FRG Mode .................................................... 54
ARTS™ ........................................................... 57
Basic ARTS™ Setup and Operation ............ 57
ARTS™ Polling Time Options .................... 58
ARTS™ Alert Beep Options ........................ 58
CW Identifier Setup ..................................... 59
CW Training Feature ..................................... 60
Packet Operation ............................................ 61
Miscellaneous Settings .................................... 62
Password ...................................................... 62
Time-Out Timer ........................................... 63
Automatic Power-Off ................................... 63
Busy Channel Lock-Out ............................... 64
Programming the Key Assignments ............. 65
FM Bandwidth & TX Deviation Level ........ 66
MIC Gain Setting ......................................... 66
DCS Code Inversion .................................... 67
Reset Procedure .............................................. 68
Microprocessor Resetting ............................. 68
Set Mode Resetting ...................................... 68
Cloning ............................................................ 69
“Set” (Menu) Mode ........................................ 70
FT-1900R QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
VOL KNOB
Adjusts the audio
volume level.
SQL KNOB
Adjust to the point where the
background noise is muted.
FREQUENCY DIAL KNOB
Selects the operating Frequency.
POWER SWITCH
Press and hold for
one second.
LOCK SWITCH
Press and hold for one second to lock all
key functions except the VOL, SQL knobs
and PTT switch.
TRANSMISSION SWITCH
Speak into the microphone
in a normal voice level
while pressing this switch.
MICROPHONE
DTMF MICROPHONE
MH-48
FT-1900R QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
KEY OVERVIEW
KEY
PRESS KEY BRIEFLY
Activates the Internet Connection Feature.
Allows tuning the VFO frequency in 1-MHz steps, or tuning channels in 10 channel
steps.
Reverses transmit and receive
frequencies in repeater operation.
Selects the transmitter power
output level.
Switches the frequency control
between the VFO, Memory System, and the Home channel.
PRESS AND HOLD KEY
Locks out the switches and
knobs (except the VOL, SQL
knobs and PTT switch).
Enters the Set (“Menu”) mode.
Activates the Priority Channel
Scanning (Dual Watch feature).
Toggles the display indication
between “frequency” and the
channel’s “Alpha/Numeric
Tag”.
Transfers the VFO contents
into a Memory register.
INTRODUCTION
The Yaesu FT-1900R is a deluxe, rugged FM mobile transceiver providing high power
output and outstanding receiver performance for the 144 MHz Amateur band. Included in
the FT-1900R’s feature complement are:
55 Watts of power output, with selection of four power levels for every operating situation.
Expanded receiver coverage: 136-174 MHz.
Keyboard entry of operating frequencies from the microphone.
Excellent protection from receiver intermodulation distortion, thanks to Yaesu’s renowned
Advanced Track Tuning front end.
221 memories (200 “basic” memory channels, 10 sets of band-edge memory channels,
and one “Home” channel) which can store repeater shifts, odd repeater shifts, CTCSS/
DCS tones, and 6-character Alpha-Numeric labels for easy channel recognition.
10 NOAA Weather Broadcast Channels, with Weather Alert and a Volume Control for
the Weather Alert tone.
Built-in CTCSS and DCS Encoder/Decoder circuits.
The Smart SearchTM feature, which automatically sweeps a band and loads active frequencies into dedicated memory banks, is ideal for identifying active repeaters when
visiting a city for the first time.
Extensive Menu system, which allows customization of a number of transceiver performance characteristics.
The Yaesu-exclusive multi-function LCD display.
Additional features include a transmit Time-Out-Timer (TOT), Automatic Power-Off (APO),
Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS), plus provision for reduction of the Tx deviation in areas
of high channel congestion. And an RF Squelch circuit allows the owner to set the squelch
to open at a programmable setting of the S-Meter, thus reducing guesswork in setting the
squelch threshold.
Congratulations on your purchase of the FT-1900R! Whether this is your first rig, or if
Yaesu equipment is already the backbone of your station, the Vertex Standard organization
is committed to ensuring your enjoyment of this high-performance transceiver, which should
provide you with many years of satisfying operation. Our dealer network and technical
support personnel stand behind every product we sell, and we invite you to contact us
should you require technical advice or assistance.
We recommend that you read this manual in its entirety prior to installing the FT-1900R,
so that you fully understand the capabilities of your new transceiver.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
1
SPECIFICATIONS
General
Tx 144 - 146 MHz or 144 - 148 MHz
Rx 144 - 146 MHz or 136 - 174 MHz
Channel Step:
5/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100 kHz
Standard Repeater Shift:
±600 kHz
Frequency Stability:
Better than ±10 ppm
[–4 °F to +140 °F (–20 °C to +60 °C)]
Modes of Emission:
F2D/F3E
Antenna Impedance:
50 Ohms, unbalanced
Supply voltage:
13.8 V DC ±15%, negative ground
Current Consumption (typical): Rx: less than 0.7 A, less than 0.3 A (squelched)
Tx: 11 A (55 W) /7 A (25 W) /5 A (10 W) /4 A (5 W)
Operating Temperature Range: –4° F to +140° F (–20° C to +60° C)
Case Size (WxHxD):
5.5” x 1.6” x 5.7” (140 x 40 x 146 mm) (w/o knobs)
Weight (Approx.):
2.6 lb (1.2 kg)
Frequency Range:
Transmitter
Output Power:
Modulation Type:
Maximum Deviation:
Spurious Radiation:
Microphone Impedance:
55 W/25 W/10 W/5 W
Variable Reactance
±5 kHz (Wide)
±2.5 kHz (Narrow)
Better than –60 dB
2 k-Ohms
Receiver
Circuit Type:
Ifs:
Sensitivity (for 12dB SINAD):
Selectivity (–6/–60dB):
IF Rejection:
Image Rejection:
Maximum AF Output:
Double Conversion Superheterodyne
21.7 MHz & 450 kHz
Better than 0.2 µV
12 kHz/28 kHz (Wide)
9 kHz/22 kHz (Narrow)
Better than 70 dB
Better than 70 dB
3 W into 4 Ohms @10 % THD
Specifications subject to change without notice or obligation. Specifications guaranteed
only within Amateur band.
Frequency ranges will vary according to transceiver version; check with your dealer.
2
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
ACCESSORIES & OPTIONS
SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES
Microphone MH-48A6J ...................................................................................................... 1
Mobile Mounting Bracket MMB-36 .................................................................................. 1
DC Power Cord w/Fuse (T9021715) ................................................................................. 1
Spare Fuse 15 A (Q0000081) ............................................................................................. 2
Operating Manual ............................................................................................................... 1
Warranty Card .................................................................................................................... 1
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
High-Power External Speaker MLS-100
AC Power Supply
FP-1023 (25 A: USA only)
AC Power Supply
FP-1030A (25 A)
Availability of accessories may vary. Some accessories are supplied as standard per local
requirements, while others may be unavailable in some regions. This product is designed to
perform optimally when used with genuine Vertex Standard accessories. Vertex Standard
shall not be liable for any damage to this product and/or accidents such as fire, leakage or
explosion of a battery pack, etc., caused by the malfunction of non- Vertex Standard accessories. Consult your Vertex Standard dealer for details regarding these and any newlyavailable options. Connection of any non-Vertex Standard-approved accessory, should it
cause damage, may void the Limited Warranty on this apparatus.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
3
INSTALLATION
This chapter describes the installation procedure for integrating the FT-1900R into a typical amateur radio station. It is presumed that you possess technical knowledge and conceptual understanding consistent with your status as a licensed radio amateur. Please take some
extra time to make certain that the important safety and technical requirements detailed in
this chapter are followed closely.
PRELIMINARY INSPECTION
Inspect the transceiver visually immediately upon opening the packing carton. Confirm
that all controls and switches work freely, and inspect the cabinet for any damage. Gently
shake the transceiver to verify that no internal components have been shaken loose due to
rough handling during shipping.
If any evidence of damage is discovered, document it thoroughly and contact the shipping
company (or your local dealer, if the unit was purchased over-the-counter) so as to get
instructions regarding the prompt resolution of the damage situation. Be certain to save the
shipping carton, especially if there are any punctures or other evidence of damage incurred
during shipping; if it is necessary to return the unit for service or replacement, use the
original packing materials but put the entire package inside another packing carton, so as to
preserve the evidence of shipping damage for insurance purposes.
INSTALLATION TIPS
To ensure long life of the components, be certain to provide adequate ventilation around the
cabinet of the FT-1900R.
Do not install the transceiver on top of another heat-generating device (such as a power
supply or amplifier), and do not place equipment, books, or papers on top of the FT-1900R.
Avoid heating vents and window locations that could expose the transceiver to excessive
direct sunlight, especially in hot climates. The FT-1900R should not be used in an environment where the ambient temperature exceeds +140 °F (+60 °C).
4
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION
SAFETY INFORMATION
The FT-1900R is an electrical apparatus, as well as a generator of RF (Radio Frequency)
energy, and you should exercise all safety precautions as are appropriate for this type of
device. These safety tips apply to any device installed in a well-designed amateur radio
station.
Never allow unsupervised children to play in the vicinity of your transceiver or
antenna installation.
Be certain to wrap any wire or cable splices thoroughly with insulating electrical
tape, to prevent short circuits.
Do not route cables or wires through door jambs or other locations where, through
wear and tear, they may become frayed and shorted to ground or to each other.
Do not stand in front of a directional antenna while you are transmitting into that
antenna. Do not install a directional antenna in any location where humans or pets
may be walking in the main directional lobe of the antenna’s radiation pattern.
In mobile installations, it is preferable to mount your antenna on top of the roof of
the vehicle, if feasible, so as to utilize the car body as a counterpoise for the antenna
and raise the radiation pattern as far away from passengers as possible.
During vehicular operation when stopped (in a parking lot, for example), make it a
practice to switch to Low power if there are people walking nearby.
Never wear dual-earmuff headphones while driving a vehicle.
Do not attempt to drive your vehicle while making a telephone call on an autopatch
using the DTMF microphone. Pull over to the side of the road, whether dialing
manually or using the auto-dial feature.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
5
INSTALLATION
ANTENNA CONSIDERATION
The FT-1900R is designed for use with antennas presenting an impedance of near 50
Ohms at all operating frequencies. The antenna (or a 50 Ohm dummy load) should be
connected whenever the transceiver is turned on, to avoid damage that could otherwise
result if transmission occurs accidentally without an antenna.
Ensure that your antenna is designed to handle 50 Watts of transmitter power. Some magnetic-mount mobile antennas, designed for use with hand-held transceivers, may not be
capable of withstanding this power level. Consult the antenna manufacturer’s specification
sheet for details.
Most all FM work is performed using vertical polarization. When installing a directional
antenna such as a Yagi or Cubical Quad, be certain to orient it so as to produce vertical
polarization, unless you are engaged in a special operating situation where horizontal polarization is used. In the case of a Yagi antenna, orient the elements vertically for vertical
polarization; for a Cubical Quad, the feedpoint should be at the center of one of the vertical
sides of the driven element (or at a side corner, in the case of a diamond-shaped “Delta
Loop”).
Excellent reference texts and computer software are available for the design and optimization of VHF antennas. Your dealer should be able to assist you with all aspects of your
antenna installation requirements.
Use high-quality 50 Ohm coaxial cable for the lead-in to your FT-1900R transceiver. All
efforts at providing an efficient antenna system will be wasted if poor quality, lossy coaxial
cable is used. Losses in coaxial lines increase as the frequency increases, so an 8-meterlong (25’ coaxial line with 1/2 dB of loss at 29 MHz may have a loss of 1.8 dB or more at
146 MHz; choose your coaxial cable carefully based on the installation location (mobile vs.
base) and the overall length of the cable required (for very short runs of cable in a mobile
installation, the smaller, more flexible cable types may be acceptable).
For reference, the chart at the right shows approximate loss figures for typically-available
coaxial cables frequently used in VHF installations.
Loss in dB per 30 m (100 feet) for
Selected 50-Ohm Coaxial Cables
(Assumes 50-ohm Input/Output Terminations)
CABLE TYPE
LOSS: 144 MHZ
RG-58A
6.5
RG-58 Foam
4.7
RG-213
3.0
RG-8 Foam
2.0
Belden 9913
1.5
Times Microwave LMR-400
1.5
7/8” “Hardline”
0.7
Loss figures are approximate; consult cable manufacturers’ catalogs for complete specifications.
In outdoor installations, be certain to weatherproof all connectors thoroughly, as water entering a coaxial cable will cause losses to escalate rapidly, thus diminishing your communications effectiveness. The use of the shortest
possible length of the highest quality coaxial
cable that fits within your budget will ensure the best performance from your FT-1900R.
6
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION
MOBILE INSTALLATION
The FT-1900R must only be installed in vehicles having a 13.8 Volt negative ground electrical system. Mount the transceiver where the display, controls, and microphone are easily
accessible, using the supplied MMB-36 mounting bracket.
The transceiver may be installed in almost any location, but should not be positioned near
a heating vent nor anywhere where it might interfere with driving (either visually or mechanically). Make sure to provide plenty of space on all sides of the transceiver so that air
can flow freely around the radio’s case. Refer to the diagrams showing proper installation
procedures.
MMB-36 Installation
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
7
INSTALLATION
MOBILE INSTALLATION
Mobile Power Connections
To minimize voltage drop and avoid blowing the vehicle’s fuses, connect the supplied DC
power cable directly to the battery terminals. Do not attempt to defeat or bypass the DC
cable’s fuse - it is there to protect you, your transceiver, and your vehicle’s electrical system.
Warning!
Never apply AC power to the power cable of the FT-1900R, nor DC voltage greater
than 15.8 Volts. When replacing the fuse, only use a 15-A fuse. Failure to observe
these safety precautions will void the Limited Warranty on this product.
Before connecting the transceiver, check the voltage at the battery terminals while revving the engine. If the voltage exceeds 15 Volts, adjust the vehicle’s voltage regulator
before proceeding with installation.
Connect the RED power cable lead to the POSITIVE (+) battery terminal, and the BLACK
power cable lead to the NEGATIVE (–) terminal. If you need to extend the power cable,
use #12 AWG or larger insulated, stranded copper wire. Solder the splice connections
carefully, and wrap the connections thoroughly with insulating electrical tape.
Before connecting the cable to the transceiver, verify the voltage and polarity of the
voltage at the transceiver end of the DC cable using a DC voltmeter. Now connect the
transceiver to the DC cable.
WARNING!
NEVER remove the FUSE
holders from the DC cable.
Cabin FT-1900R
Fuse 15 A
Engine Room
RED: Positive (+)
BLACK: Negative (–)
Battery
Fuse Holder
Mobile Speakers
The optional MLS-100 External Speaker includes its own swivel-type mounting bracket,
and is available from your Yaesu dealer.
Other external speakers may be used with the FT-1900R, if they present the specified 4-Ohm
impedance and are capable of handling the 3 Watts of audio output supplied by the FT-1900R.
8
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION
BASE STATION INSTALLATION
The FT-1900R is ideal for base station use as well as in mobile installations. The FT1900R is specifically designed to integrate into your station easily, using the information
to follow as a reference.
AC Power Supplies
Operation of the FT-1900R from an AC line requires a power source capable of providing
at least 11 Amps continuously at 13.8 Volts DC. The FP-1023 and FP-1030A AC Power
Supplies are available from your Yaesu dealer to satisfy these requirements. Other wellregulated power supplies may be used, as well, if they meet the above voltage and current
specifications.
Use the DC power cable supplied with your transceiver for making power connections to
the power supply. Connect the RED power cable lead to the POSITIVE (+) power supply
terminal, and connect the BLACK power cable lead to the NEGATIVE (–) power supply
terminal.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
9
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS & SWITCHES
VOL Knob
This control adjusts the audio volume level. Clockwise rotation increases the volume
level.
SQL Knob
This control is used to silence background noise on the receiver. It should be advanced
clockwise just to the point where the noise is silenced (and the “
” indicator on
the display turns off), so as to provide the best sensitivity to weak signals.
Microphone Jack
Connect the supplied MH-48A6J Hand Microphone to this jack.
GND
MIC INPUT
PTT/CLONE
PWR Key
+8V
MIC SW1
MIC SW2
Press and hold this key for one second to toggle the transceiver’s
power on and off.
[ (L)] Key
This key allows operation in conjunction with the Internet Connection feature.
Press and hold in this key for one second to toggle the Lockout Feature “on” or “off”.
[MHz(SET)] Key
This key allows tuning in 1-MHz steps (the MHz digits will blink on the display). If
receiving on a memory, pressing this key the first time activates the Memory Tuning
mode, and pressing it again enables 1-MHz steps.
Press and hold in this key for one second to activate the “Set” (Menu) mode.
10
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS & SWITCHES
[REV(DW)] Key
During split-frequency operation, such as through a repeater, this key reverses the transmit and receive frequencies.
Press and hold in this key for one second to activate the Dual Watch feature, described
in the Operation chapter (“PRI” will be displayed on the LCD, indicating “Priority
Channel” monitoring).
[LOW(A/N)] Key
Press this key momentarily to select the transmitter power output level.
The available power levels are:
LOW1 (5 W) LOW2 (10 W) LOW3 (25 W) HIGH (50 W)
To toggle the display between indication of the frequency and the channel’s Alpha/
Numeric label, press and hold in this key for one second while receiving on that memory
channel.
[D/MR(MW)] Key
Press this key momentarily to switch the frequency control among the VFO, Memory
System, and Home channel.
Press and hold in this key for one second to activate the Memory Storage mode.
DIAL Knob
This 24-position detented rotary switch is used for tuning, memory selection and most
function settings. The microphone [UP]/[DWN] buttons duplicate the functions of this
knob.
Display
The main digits on the display may show the operating frequency, memory name, or
any of many parameters during Menu setup.
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS Bell Paging
DTMF Memory Mode
Lock Feature Active
DCS (Digital Code Squelch)
CTCSS
(Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System)
Programmable Memory Scan
Repeater Shift Direction
SKIP/Preferential Scan Channel
Priority Channel
TX Indicator
Narrow Deviation
Low TX Power Selected
BUSY Indicator
Memory Mode
Memory Channel Number
VFO Mode
S- and TX Power Meter
Home Channel
Frequency/Message Area
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
11
MICROPHONE SWITCHES
PTT Switch
Press this switch to transmit, and release it
to receive.
Keypad
These 16 keys generate DTMF tones during transmission.
In the receive mode, these 16 keys can be
used for direct frequency entry and/or direct numeric recall of the Memory channels.
The [A], [B], [C], and [D] keys, on receive,
replicate the functions of the front panel keys
([MHz(SET)], [REV(DW)], [LOW(A/N)],
and [D/MR(MW)]). See the previous discussion.
DTMF MICROPHONE
MH-48
[P1]/[P2]/[P3]/[P4] Buttons
These four keys are user programmable, allowing quick access to features used often.
The default functions are described below.
[P1] button (SQL OFF)
Press this button to disable the noise and tone squelch systems.
[P2] button (S SRCH)
Press this button to activate the Smart Search feature.
[P3] button (C SRCH)
Press this button to activate the Tone Search feature.
[P4] button (WX CH/T.CALL)
In the USA version, pressing this button recalls the “Weather” broadcast channel bank.
In the EXP version, pressing this button activates T.CALL (1750 Hz) for repeater access.
You can reprogram the [P1], [P2], [P3], and [P4] buttons for other functions, if desired. See page 65 for details.
LAMP Switch
This switch illuminates the Microphone’s keypad.
LOCK Switch
This switch locks out the Microphone’s buttons (except for the keypad and PTT switch).
[UP]/[DWN] Button
Press (or hold in) either of these buttons to tune (or scan up or down) the operating
frequency or through the memory channels. In many ways, these buttons emulate the
function of the (rotary) DIAL knob.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
REAR PANEL CONNECTORS
13.8V DC Cable Pigtail
This is the power supply connection for the transceiver. Use the supplied DC cable to
connect this pigtail to the car battery or other DC power supply capable of at least 11
Amperes (continuous duty). Make certain that the red lead connects to the positive side
of the supply. The fuse is 15-A.
ANT Coaxial Socket
Connect a 144-MHz antenna to this type-M (SO-239) socket using 50-Ohm coaxial
cable and a type-M (PL-259) plug. Make sure the antenna is designed specifically for
use on the operating frequency.
EXT SP Jack
This 2-contact 3.5-mm mini phone jack provides receiver audio output for an optional
external speaker. The audio impedance is 4 Ohms, and the level varies according to the
setting of the front panel’s VOL control. Inserting a plug into this jack disables audio
from the transceiver’s internal speaker.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
13
BASIC OPERATION
Hi! I’m R. F. Radio, and I’ll be helping you along as you learn the many features
of the FT-1900R. I know you’re anxious to get on the air, but I encourage you to
read the “Basic Operation” section of this manual as thoroughly as possible, so you’ll
get the most out of this fantastic new transceiver. Now. . .let’s get operating!
TURNING THE TRANSCEIVER ON AND OFF
1. To turn the transceiver on, press and hold in the PWR
key for one second.
When you turn on the FT-1900R, the current DC supply
voltage is indicated on the LCD for 2 seconds. After this
interval, the display will switch its normal indication of
the operating frequency.
2. To turn the transceiver off, again press and hold in the
PWR key for one second.
You can change the Opening Message (DC supply voltage indication) to any desired message (up to 6 characters) via Set Mode Item “31 OPN.MSG;” see page
76 for details.
ADJUSTING THE AUDIO VOLUME LEVEL
Rotate the VOL control to adjust the receiver volume. Clockwise rotation increases the audio output level.
ADJUSTING THE SQUELCH SETTING
Rotate the SQL control just to the point where the noise is
silenced and the “
” indicator on the display turns off. If
the SQL control is set further clockwise, sensitivity to weak
signals is reduced.
A special “RF Squelch” feature is provided on this radio.
This feature allows you to set the squelch so that only signals exceeding a certain S-meter level will open the squelch.
See page 20 for details
14
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
BASIC OPERATION
FREQUENCY NAVIGATION
1) Tuning Dial
Rotating the DIAL knob allows tuning in the pre-programmed steps. Clockwise rotation of the
DIAL knob causes the FT-1900R to be tuned toward a higher frequency, while counter-clockwise rotation will lower the operating frequency.
Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob, to change the frequency
steps to 1 MHz per step. This feature is extremely useful for making rapid frequency excursions
over the wide tuning range of the FT-1900R. Instead of pressing the [MHz(SET)] button, you
may also press the [A] key on the Microphone’s keypad to engage tuning in 1 MHz steps.
2) Direct Keypad Frequency Entry
The keypad of the MH-48A6J DTMF Microphone may be used for direct entry of the operating frequency.
To enter a frequency from the MH-48A6J keypad, just press the numbered digits in the proper
sequence. There is no “decimal point” key on the MH-48A6J keypad. However, there is a
short-cut for frequencies ending in zero: press the [#] key after the last non-zero digit.
Examples: To enter 146.520 MHz, press [1] [4] [6] [5] [2] [0]
To enter 146.000 MHz, press [1] [4] [6] [#]
If you cannot get the radio to accept the frequency entry, it is possible that the
channel steps are set to an incompatible value (e.g. if you have 25 kHz steps set,
you cannot set a frequency of 146.520 MHz). See page 19 to learn how to change the
channel step size.
3) Scanning
From the VFO mode, press the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys momentarily to initiate
scanning toward a higher- or lower frequency, respectively. The FT-1900R will stop when
it receives a signal strong enough to break through the squelch threshold. The FT-1900R
will then hold on that frequency according to the setting of the “Resume” mode (Menu “41
SCAN)”; see page 45).
If you wish to reverse the direction of the scan (i.e. toward a lower frequency, instead of a
higher frequency), just rotate the DIAL knob one click in the counter-clockwise direction
while the FT-1900R is scanning. The scanning direction will be reversed. To revert to
scanning toward a higher frequency once more, rotate the DIAL knob one click clockwise.
Press the [UP]/[DWN] keys again to cancel scanning. You may also press the PTT button
momentarily; scanning will stop, but you will not transmit until you release the PTT button,
and press it again.
If you have enabled the “Severe Weather Alert” feature, you will occasionally notice “WX” channels interspersed with the regular channels you are scanning. This
is normal, because your radio is constantly monitoring for weather alerts. See page 17.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
15
BASIC OPERATION
TRANSMISSION
To transmit, simply close the PTT (Push To Talk) switch on the microphone when the
frequency is clear. Hold the microphone approximately 1” (25 mm) from your mouth, and
speak into the microphone in a normal voice level. When your transmission is complete,
release the PTT switch; the transceiver will revert to the receive mode.
During transmission, the “
” indicator will appear at the upper left corner on the display.
Changing the Transmitter Power Level
You can select from among a total of four transmit power levels on your FT-1900R.
To change the power level, press the [LOW(A/N)] key (or the microphone’s [C] key to
select one of four power settings. These power levels will be stored, in memory registers, at
the time of memory storage (see page 34 for details on Memory operation).
During transmission, the Bar Graph will deflect in the display, according to the power
output selected.
Low 1 (5 watts)
Low 2 (10 watts)
Low 3 (25 watts)
HIGH (55 watts)
16
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
WEATHER BROADCAST RECEPTION (USA VERSION)
The FT-1900R includes a unique feature which allows reception of weather broadcasts in
the 160-MHz frequency range. Ten standard Weather Broadcast channels are pre-loaded
into a special memory bank.
To listen to a Weather Broadcast Channel:
1. Press the Microphone’s [P4] button to recall the Weather
Broadcast channels.
2. Turn the DIAL knob to select the desired Weather Broadcast channel.
3. If you wish to check the other channels for activity CH FREQUENCY CH FREQUENCY
by scanning, just press the Microphone’s PTT 01 162.550 MHz 06 162.500 MHz
02 162.400 MHz 07 162.525 MHz
switch.
03 162.475 MHz 08 161.650 MHz
4. To exit to normal operation, press the [P4] button 04 162.425 MHz 09 161.775 MHz
again. Operation will return to the VFO or Memory 05 162.450 MHz 10 163.275 MHz
channel you were operating on before you began Weather Broadcast operation.
The [P4] key, one of the programmable keys, is assigned (default setting) as the
“WX Broadcast” one-touch access key. Please note that if you change/assign
another function to the [P4] key, one-touch access to the WX channel will be unavailable.
Severe Weather Alert Feature
In the event of extreme weather disturbances, such as storms and hurricanes, NOAA (the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) sends a weather alert accompanied by
a 1050 Hz tone and subsequent weather report on one of the NOAA weather channels. You
may enable this feature via Menu Item “57 WX ALT,” if desired. See page 49 for details.
When scanning the band or the “regular” memories, with the Severe Weather Alert feature
engaged, you will notice that the FT-1900R will break over to the Weather Channel bank
every five seconds, performing a quick scan of those channels in search for the 1050 Hz
alert tone. If the alert tone is received, operation will lock on the weather broadcast station
issuing the alert; otherwise, the radio will revert to the VFO or memory scan session in
progress without interruption.
When the alert tone is received, press the PTT button momentarily to disable the alarm, and
the Severe Weather message will now be audible from the speaker.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
17
ADVANCED OPERATION
LOCK FEATURE
To activate the locking feature, press and hold in the [ (L)]
key for one second. The “
” icon will appear on the LCD.
To cancel locking, press and hold in the [ (L)] key again for
one second.
In order to prevent accidental frequency change or inadvertent transmission, various aspects of the FT-1900R’s keys and knob may be locked out.
To lock out some or all of the keys, use the “Set” (Menu) mode, described below:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “26 LOCK.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired lockout combination.
KEY: Just the front panel keys are locked out.
DIAL: Just the front panel DIAL knob is locked out.
K+D: Both the keys and DIAL knob are locked out.
PTT: The PTT switch is locked (TX not possible).
K+P: Both keys and PTT switch are locked out.
D+P: Both DIAL knob and PTT switch are locked out.
ALL: All of the above are locked out.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
KEYBOARD BEEPER
A key/button beeper provides useful audible feedback whenever a key/button is pressed. If
you want to turn the beeper off (or back on again):
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “6 BEEP.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set the display to “OFF.”
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to
save your new setting and exit to normal operation.
4. To turn the beep back on again, select “KEY” or “KY+SCN (factory default)” in step 4
above.
KEY:
The beeper sounds when you press the keypad.
KY+SCN: The beeper sounds when you press the keypad, or when the scanner stops.
18
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
CHANNEL STEP SELECTION
Tuning steps are factory preset to default increments which are appropriate for the country
to which this radio is exported. You may have a reason to use a different step size, however,
and here is the procedure for changing the channel steps:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “50 STEP.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired step size (5/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100
kHz).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save your new setting and exit
to normal operation.
DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS
The FT-1900R display illumination has been specially engineered to provide high visibility with minimal disruption of your “night vision” while you are driving. The brightness of
the display is manually adjustable, using the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “16 DIMMER.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select a comfortable brightness level (LVL 0 - LVL10).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save your new setting and exit
to normal operation.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
19
ADVANCED OPERATION
RF SQUELCH
A special RF Squelch feature is provided on this radio. This feature allows you to set the
squelch so that only signals exceeding a certain S-meter level will open the squelch.
To set up the RF squelch circuit for operation, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “42 RF SQL.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired signal strength level for the squelch threshold (S1 - S9 or OFF).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save your new setting and exit
to normal operation.
The receiver’s squelch will open based on the highest level set by the two squelch
systems, “Noise Squelch” and “RF Squelch.” For example:
1) If the Noise Squelch (SQL control) is set so that signals at a level of S-3 will open the
squelch, but the RF Squelch (Menu #42) is set to “S-9,” the squelch will only open on
signals which are S-9 or stronger on the S-meter.
2) If the RF Squelch is set to “S-3,” but the Noise Squelch is set to a high level which will
only pass signals which are Full Scale on the S-meter, the squelch will only open on
signals which are Full Scale on the S-meter. In this case, the Noise Squelch overrides the
action of the RF Squelch.
20
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
REPEATER OPERATION
The FT-1900R includes a host of convenience features which makes operation on amateur
repeaters both efficient and enjoyable.
This transceiver offers three methods of setting up split-frequency operation on repeaters:
Manual selection of preset repeater shifts (Standard Repeater Shift);
Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS), providing automatic activation of repeater shifts
while operating within designated repeater frequency subbands; and
Independently stored transmit and receive frequencies (typically not corresponding
to established repeater frequency shifts).
STANDARD REPEATER SHIFT
To activate the standard shift manually, you may use the Set (Menu) mode:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “43 RPT.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired shift direction (–RPT, +RPT, or SIMP).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save your new setting and exit
to normal operation.
You also may program one of the Microphone’s programmable keys ([P1] ~ [P4])
to allow quick access to the above procedure. See page 65 for details on the setup
of the programmable keys.
With repeater shift activated, you can temporarily reverse the transmit and receive frequencies by pressing the [REV(DW)] key (or the microphone’s [B] key). Use this feature to
display the transmit frequency without transmitting, and to check the strength of signals on
a repeater uplink frequency (so as to determine whether or not a particular station is within
“Simplex” range, for example).
The repeater offset is fixed to 600 kHz from the factory. You can change the offset by the
following procedure, if needed for vacation travel or other purposes:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “46 SHIFT.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set the desired offset. Note that the resolution of the “standard” repeater shift is to the nearest 50 kHz multiple.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save your new setting and exit
to normal operation.
Do not use this procedure for programming of an “odd split” type repeater pair!
The process for programming odd splits is shown on page 35.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
21
REPEATER OPERATION
AUTOMATIC REPEATER SHIFT
The ARS (Automatic Repeater Shift) feature in this transceiver allows easy and convenient
repeater operation by automatically activating the repeater shift function whenever you
tune to a standard repeater subband. The ARS function is preset at the factory to conform to
the standards for the country to which it is exported.
The ARS function is enabled at the factory. To disable it:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “4 ARS.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
change the display to “OFF.”
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save your new setting and exit
to normal operation.
To enable the ARS function again, select “ON” in step 2 above.
ARS-Repeater Subbands
145.1
145.5
146.0
145.6 145.8
Version A
146.4
147.0
146.6
147.6
148.0
147.4
European Version
CHECKING THE REPEATER UPLINK (INPUT) FREQUENCY
It often is helpful to be able to check the uplink (input) frequency of a repeater, to see if the
calling station is within direct (“Simplex”) range.
To do this, just press the [REV(DW)] key. You’ll notice that the display has shifted to the
repeater uplink frequency. Press the [REV(DW)] key again to cause operation to revert to
normal monitoring of the repeater downlink (output) frequency. While you are listening on
the input frequency to the repeater using the [REV(DW)] key, the repeater offset icon will
blink.
22
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
CTCSS OPERATION
Many repeater systems require that a very-low-frequency audio tone be superimposed on your
FM carrier in order to activate the repeater. This helps prevent false activation of the repeater by
radar or spurious signals from other transmitters. This tone system, called “CTCSS” (Continuous
Tone Coded Squelch System), is included in your FT-1900R, and is very easy to activate.
CTCSS setup involves two actions: setting the Tone Mode and then setting of the
Tone Frequency. These actions are set up by using the Set (Menu) mode, selections #49 (SQL.TYP) and #52 (TN FRQ).
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “49 SQL.TYP.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob so that “TONE” appears on the
display; this activates the CTCSS Encoder, which allows
repeater access.
3. Rotating the DIAL knob one more click clockwise in the above step will cause “TSQL”
to appear. When “TSQL” appears, this means that the Tone Squelch system is active,
which mutes your FT-1900R’s receiver until it receives a call from another radio sending out a matching CTCSS tone. This can help keep your radio quiet until a specific call
is received, which may be helpful while operating in congested areas.
1) You may notice a “RV TN” indication on the display while you rotate the
DIAL knob in this step; this means that the Reverse Tone Squelch system is
active, which mutes your FT-1900R’s receiver (instead of opening the squelch) when
it receives a call from the radio sending a matched CTCSS tone. The “T SQ” icon will
blink on the display when the Reverse Tone Squelch system is activated.
2) You may notice a “DCS” indication on the display while you rotate the DIAL knob
still more. We’ll discuss the Digital Code Squelch system shortly.
4. When you have made your selection of the CTCSS tone mode, press the [MHz(SET)]
key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob three clicks clockwise to select Menu “52
TN FRQ.” This Menu selection allows setting of the CTCSS
tone frequency to be used.
5. Press the [MHz(SET)] key to enable adjustCTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
ment of the CTCSS frequency.
67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
79.7
6. R o t a t e t h e
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
97.4
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
DIAL knob
until the display indicates the Tone Fre- 123.0 127.3 131.8 136.5 141.3 146.2
151.4
156.7
159.8
162.2
165.5
167.9
quency you need to be using.
171.3
173.8
177.3
179.9
183.5
186.2
7. When you have made your selection, press 189.9 192.8 196.6 199.5 203.5 206.5
and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one 210.7 218.1 225.7 229.1 233.6 241.8
–
–
–
–
second to save the new setting and exit to 250.3 254.1
normal operation.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
23
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
CTCSS OPERATION
1)Your repeater may or may not re-transmit a CTCSS tone - some systems just use
CTCSS to control access to the repeater, but don’t pass it along when transmitting. If the S-Meter deflects, but the FT-1900R is not passing audio, repeat steps “1”
through “3” above, but rotate the DIAL knob so that “TONE” appears - this will allow
you to hear all traffic on the channel being received.
2)You may use the Menu to re-program one of the Microphone’s programmable keys for
quick access to Menu #52 (TN FRQ), from which you can perform the above setup procedure. See page 65 for details on the setup of the programmable keys.
3)Press the [REV(DW)] key as described in procedure “6”.
: Receive tone
: Transmit tone
You can now set the transmit CTCSS frequency. Rotate the
DIAL knob until the desired CTCSS Tone Frequency is displayed. “tt” is displayed at the right of the CTCSS indication.
When the [REV(DW)] key is pushed again “rt” is displayed
along with the receive CTCSS frequency.
4)When the encoder and decoder tone frequencies are different, a solid decoder icon and a blinking encoder icon will
be displayed.
24
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
DCS OPERATION
Another form of tone access control is Digital Code Squelch, or DCS. It is a newer, more
advanced tone system which generally provides more immunity from false paging than
does CTCSS. The DCS Encoder/Decoder is built into your FT-1900R, and operation is
very similar to that just described for CTCSS. Your repeater system may be configured for
DCS; if not, it is frequently quite useful in Simplex operation if your friend(s) use transceivers equipped with this advanced feature.
Just as in CTCSS operation, DCS requires that you set the Tone Mode to DCS
and that you select a Tone Code.
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “49 SQL.TYP.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob until “DCS” appears on the display; this activates the DCS
Encoder/Decoder.
DCS CODE
3. Now press the
023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053
[ MHz ( SET )]
054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122
key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob 125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162
165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244
to select Menu “14 DCS CD.”
245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
4. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to
274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
enable the adjustment of the DCS code.
356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
5. R o t a t e t h e
445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
DIAL knob to
select the desired DCS Code (a three-digit 627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
732 734 743 754 –
–
–
–
–
–
number).
6. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one
second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
1)Remember that the DCS is an Encode/Decode system, so your receiver will
remain muted until a matching DCS code is received on an incoming transmission. Switch the DCS off when you’re just tuning around the band!
2)Press the [REV(DW)] key as described in procedure “6”.
: Receive DCS
: Transmit DCS
You can now set the transmit DCS code. Rotate the DIAL
knob until the desired DCS code is displayed. “tt” is displayed
at the right of the DCS code indication. When the [REV(DW)]
key is pushed again “rt” is displayed along with the receive
DCS code.
3)When the encoder and decoder DCS codes are different,
a solid decoder icon and a blinking encoder icon will be displayed.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
25
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
TONE SEARCH SCANNING
In operating situations where you don’t know the CTCSS tone or DCS code being used by
another station or stations, you can command the radio to listen to the incoming signal and
scan in search of the tone being used. Two things must be remembered in this regard:
You must be sure that your repeater uses the same tone type (CTCSS vs. DCS).
Some repeaters do not pass the CTCSS tone or DCS code; you may have to listen to the
station(s) transmitting on the repeater uplink (input) frequency in order to allow Tone
Search Scanning to work.
To scan for the tone in use:
1. Set the radio up for either CTCSS or DCS Decoder operation (see the previous discussion). In the case of CTCSS, “TSQ” will appear on the display; in the case of DCS,
“DCS” will appear on the display.
2. Press the Microphone’s [P3] key momentarily to start scanning for the incoming CTCSS or DCS tone/code.
3. When the radio detects the correct tone or code, it will halt
on that tone/code, and audio will be allowed to pass.
4. Press the Microphone’s [P3] key momentarily to lock in that tone/code and exit to
normal operation.
If the Tone Scan feature does not detect a tone or code, it will continue to scan
indefinitely. When this happens, it may be that the other station is not sending any
tone. You can press the Microphone’s [P3] key to halt the scan at any time.
You may listen to the (muted) signals from the other stations during Tone Scanning when
Set Mode Item “54 TS MUT” is set to “OFF.” See page 80 for details. You can also change
the Tone Search scanning speed, using Set Mode Item “55 TS SPD.” See page 82 for
details.
Tone Scanning works either in the VFO or Memory mode.
26
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
EPCS (ENHANCED PAGING & CODE SQUELCH) OPERATION
The FT-1900R includes an Enhanced CTCSS tone encoder/decoder and a dedicated microprocessor providing paging and selective calling features. This allows you to place a call to a
specific station (Paging), and to receive calls of your choice directed only to you (Code Squelch).
The paging and code squelch systems use two pairs of (alternately switched) CTCSS tones
which are stored in the pager memories. Basically, your receiver remains silent until it
receives the CTCSS tone pair that matches those stored in the Receiving Pager Memory.
The squelch then opens so the caller is heard, and the paging ringer immediately sounds, if
activated. When you close the PTT switch to transmit, the CTCSS tone pair which is stored
in the Transmitting Pager Memory will be transmitted automatically.
On the paged radio, the squelch will close automatically after the incoming page ends.
Storing the CTCSS Tone Pairs for EPCS Operation
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select “34 PAG.CDR” for the
Receiving CTCSS Tone Pair or “35 PAG.CDT” for the
Transmitting CTCSS Tone Pair.
3. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to enable adjustment of this Set Mode Item.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to set the CTCSS Tone number which
corresponds to the first tone of the CTCSS Tone Pair.
5. Press the [REV(DW)] or [LOW(A/N)] key, then rotate the
DIAL knob to set the CTCSS Tone number which corresponds to the second tone of the
CTCSS Tone Pair.
6. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to lock in that tone/code and exit
to normal operation.
The FT-1900R does not recognize the order of the 1st tone and the 2nd tone. In
other words, for example, the FT-1900R considers both CTCSS pairs “10, 35”
and “35, 10” to be identical.
CTCSS TONE NUMBER
No.
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
Hz
No.
Hz
No.
Hz
No.
Hz
No.
Hz
67.0 11
94.8 21 131.8 31 171.3 41 203.5
69.3 12
97.4 22 136.5 32 173.8 42 206.5
71.9 13 100.0 23 141.3 33 177.3 43 210.7
74.4 14 103.5 24 146.2 34 179.9 44 218.1
77.0 15 107.2 25 151.4 35 183.5 45 225.7
79.7 16 110.9 26 156.7 36 186.2 46 229.1
82.5 17 114.8 27 159.8 37 189.9 47 233.6
85.4 18 118.8 28 162.2 38 192.8 48 241.8
88.5 19 123.0 29 165.5 39 196.6 49 250.3
91.5 20 127.3 30 167.9 40 199.5 50 254.1
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
27
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
EPCS (ENHANCED PAGING & CODE SQUELCH) OPERATION
Activating the Enhanced Paging & Code Squelch System
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “32 PAGER.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set this Menu item to “ON.”
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
4. To disable the Enhanced Paging & Code Squelch, just repeat the above procedure, rotating the DIAL knob to select “OFF” in step 2 above.
When the Enhanced Paging & Code Squelch feature is activated, the “P” notation will
appear by the 100 MHz digit of the frequency display.
Paging Answer Back
When you press the PTT switch to respond to a page call, the FT-1900R transmits the
Transmitting CTCSS Tone pair. This tone pair will open the Code Squelch of the calling
station. If you prefer, you can have the FT-1900R respond to page calls automatically
(“transpond”).
To enable this feature:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “33 PAG.ABK.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set this Menu item to “ON.”
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
4. To disable the Paging Answer Back feature, just repeat the above procedure, rotating
the DIAL knob to select “OFF” in step 2 above.
28
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS BELL OPERATION
During CTCSS Decode, DCS, or EPCS operation, you may set up the FT-1900R such that
a ringing “bell” sound alerts you to the fact that a call is coming in. Here is the procedure for
activating the CTCSS/DCS/EPCS Bell:
1. Set the transceiver up for CTCSS Decode (“Tone Squelch”), DCS, or EPCS operation,
as described previously.
2. Adjust the operating frequency to the desired channel.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “7 BELL.”
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to set the desired number of rings of the Bell. The available
choices are 1, 3, 5, or 8 rings, CNTNUE (continuous ringing), or OFF.
5. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
When you are called by a station whose transceiver is sending a CTCSS tone, DCS code, or
CTCSS code pair which matches that set into your Decoder, the Bell will ring in accordance with this programming.
When the CTCSS/DCS/EPCS Bell is activated, the “ ” icon
will appear on the display.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
29
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
SPLIT TONE OPERATION
The FT-1900R can be operated in a “Split Tone” configuration, to enable operation on
repeaters using a mix of both CTCSS and DCS control via the Set mode.
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “48 SPLIT.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set this Menu item to “ON” (to enable the Split Tone feature).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
When the Split Tone feature is activated, you can see the following additional parameters
following the “RV TN” parameter (while selecting the tone mode by Set mode item “49
SQL.TYP”):
D CODE: DCS Encode only (the “DCS” icon will blink during operation)
T DCS: Encodes a CTCSS Tone and Decodes a DCS code
(the “T” icon will blink and the “DCS” icon will appear during operation)
D TONE: Encodes a DCS code and Decodes a CTCSS Tone
(the “T SQ” icon will appear and “DCS” icons will blink during operation)
Select the desired operating mode from the selections shown above.
30
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS OPERATION
NOTE
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
31
DTMF OPERATION
The Microphone’s 16-button keypad allows easy DTMF dialing for Autopatch, repeater
control, or Internet-link access purposes. Besides numerical digits [0] through [9], the keypad includes the [ ] and [#] digits, plus the [A], [B], [C], and [D] tones often used for
repeater control.
MANUAL DTMF TONE GENERATION
You can generate DTMF tones during transmission manually.
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “17 DT A/M.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set this Set Mode Item to “MANUAL” (thus enabling the
Manual DTMF Tone Generation).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
4. Press the PTT switch to begin transmission.
5. While transmitting, press the desired numbers on the keypad.
6. When you have sent all the digits desired, release the PTT switch.
DTMF AUTODIALER
Nine DTMF Autodialer memories are available on the FT-1900R. These DTMF Autodialer
memories can store up to 16 digits of a telephone number for repeater autopatch or other use.
To load DTMF Autodialer memories, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select “19 DT SET.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the DTMF Autodialer memory channel number into which you wish store a telephone number (“C0” to “C9”).
3. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key momentarily, then rotate the
DIAL knob to select the first digit of the telephone number
you wish to store.
4. When you have selected the correct digit, press the [LOW(A/N)] key momentarily.
Now, rotate the DIAL knob to select the second of 16 available numbers in the current
DTMF Autodialer memory register.
5. Repeat this procedure for each digit in the telephone number. If you a mistake, press the [REV(DW)] key to move back to the first digit, then reenter the correct number.
6. Press and hold in the [LOW(A/N)] key for 2 seconds to delete all data after the cursor
that may have been previously stored erroneously.
7. When entry of all digits is complete, press the [MHz(SET)] key.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
DTMF OPERATION
DTMF AUTODIALER
8. If you wish to store another DTMF string, repeat steps 2 through 6 above.
9. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
To transmit the memorized telephone number, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “17 DT A/M.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set this Set Mode Item to “AUTO.”
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
4. In the Autodialer mode, which you just engaged, first press the PTT switch, then press
the microphone’s numeric key ([0] through [9]) corresponding to the DTMF memory
string you wish to send. Once the string begins, you may release the PTT switch, as the
transmitter will be held “on the air” until the DTMF string is completed.
While the DTMF Autodialer is activated, the “
appear on the LCD.
” icon will
To disable the Autodialer function mode, select “MANUAL” in step 2 above.
The speed at which the DTMF digits are sent can be changed. Two speed levels are available: Low (10 digits per second) and High (20 digits per second: default). To toggle between Low and High speed, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “20 DT SPD.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired speed (“50”: High speed or “100”: Low
speed).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
You can also set a longer delay between the time your transmitter is keyed and the first
DTMF digit is sent. To set the delay time, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “18 DT DLY.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired speed (50/250/450/750/1000 ms).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
33
MEMORY OPERATION
The FT-1900R provides a wide variety of memory system resources. These include:
200 “basic” memory channels, numbered “0” through “199.”
A “Home” channel, providing storage and quick recall of one prime frequency.
10 sets of band-edge memories, also known as “Programmable Memory Scan” channels, labeled “L0/U0” through “L9/U9.”
8 Memory Banks, labeled “BANK 1” through “BANK 8.” Each Memory Bank can
be assigned up to 200 channels from the “basic” memory channels.
Each memory may be appended with an alpha-numeric label of up to six characters, for
quick channel recognition.
MEMORY STORAGE
1. In the VFO mode, select the desired frequency, repeater shift, CTCSS/DCS tone, and
TX power level.
2. Press and hold in the [D/MR(MW)] key for one second. A memory number will appear
in the bottom right-hand corner of the display. If the channel number is blinking, there
currently is no data stored on that channel; if the channel number is not blinking, that
channel is currently “occupied” by other frequency data, and you won’t want to use that
channel unless the data is no longer of interest.
3. Within five seconds of pressing the [D/MR(MW)] key, use the DIAL knob to select the
desired memory into which you wish to store the frequency.
4. Press the [D/MR(MW)] key again, this time momentarily, to store the displayed data
into the selected memory channel slot. The memory label will disappear (since you are
still operating in the VFO mode).
5. To store other frequencies, repeat steps 1 through 4, remembering to set the repeater
shift, CTCSS/DCS tone, and TX power level, as appropriate.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
STORING INDEPENDENT TRANSMIT FREQUENCIES (“ODD SPLITS”)
1. Store the receiving frequency using the method already described.
2. Tune to the desired transmit frequency, then press and hold in the [D/MR(MW)] key for
one second.
3. Within five seconds of pressing the [D/MR(MW)] key, use the DIAL knob or microphone [UP]/[DWN] buttons to select the same memory channel number used in step 1
above.
4. Press and hold in the PTT switch, and press the [D/MR(MW)] key momentarily while
holding in the PTT switch. This will not cause transmission, but rather it will instruct
the transceiver that you are programming a separate transmit frequency into memory.
Whenever you recall a memory which contains independently” indication
stored transmit and receive frequencies, the “
will appear in the display.
The “Odd Splits” feature can store separate CTCSS/DCS functions for the receive and
transmit frequencies.
When you recall a memory channel which contains independently stored CTCSS/DCS
information, the decoder icon will appear solid, and the encoder icon will blink on the display.
To confirm the memorized frequency/code:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select “14 DCS CD” when the
receiver CTCSS/DCS function is set to “DCS”, or select
“52 TN FRQ” when the receiver CTCSS/DCS function is
set to “TONE SQUELCH”.
3. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to indicate the
: Receive tone/DCS
memorized frequency/code for the receiver.
:
Transmit tone/DCS
4. Press the [REV(DW)] key to indicate the memorized frequency/code for the transmitter. You can confirm the Transmit and Receive TONE/DCS by alternately pressing of the
[REV(DW)] key.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
35
MEMORY OPERATION
MEMORY RECALL
Once you have stored the memory or memories desired, you must now switch from the
“VFO” mode to the “Memory Recall” mode, so you can operate on the just-stored memory
channels.
1. Press the [D/MR(MW)] key, repeatedly if necessary, until the “MR” icon and a memory
channel number appear on the display; this indicates that
the “Memory Recall” mode is now engaged.
2. When more than one memory has been stored, use the DIAL knob to select any of the
programmed memories for operation. Alternatively, the microphone’s [UP] or [DWN]
button may be used to step or scan through the available memories. When using the
microphone’s buttons, press the button momentarily to move one step up or down; press
and hold in the [UP] or [DWN] button for one second to begin memory scanning.
Memory Recall from the Microphone’s Keypad:
While operating in the Memory Recall mode, the keypad of the MH-48A6J Microphone
may be used for direct recall of memory channels.
To do this, press the Channel Number you wish to recall, then press the [#] key. For example, to recall Memory Channel “5,” press [5] [#]. To recall Memory Channel “118,”
press [1] [1] [8].
You may also recall Programmable Memory Scan (PMS) channels (“L0/U0” through “L9/
U9”) using the following numbers: Programmable Memory channels #L0 = “200,” U0 =
“201,” L9 = “218,” and U9 = “219.”
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
LABELING MEMORIES
You may wish to append an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label) to a memory or memories, to aid in
recollection of the channel’s use (such as club name, etc.). This is easily accomplished
using the Set (Menu) mode.
1. Recall the memory channel on which you wish to append a
label.
2. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “30 NM SET.”
3. Press the [MHz(SET)] key. You will notice the first character location blinking, indicating that you are now in the
Alpha-Numeric (“A/N”) entry mode. Within the A/N entry
mode, rotate the DIAL knob to select characters; pressing
the [LOW(A/N)] key will move the character’s entry location to the right.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired number, letter,
or symbol, then press the [LOW(A/N)] key to move the
next character’s location. Move two slots if you want to put in a space. Press the
[REV(DW)] key if you want to “backspace” one slot.
5. Repeat step 4, as necessary, to complete the name tag (up to six characters) for your
memory, then press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to
save the A/N name just entered.
6. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to exit to normal operation.
While operating in the Memory Recall mode, press and hold in
the [LOW(A/N)] key for one second to toggle the display between indication of the frequency and the channel’s Alpha/Numeric label.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
37
MEMORY OPERATION
MEMORY TUNING
Once you have recalled a particular memory channel, you may easily tune off that channel,
as though you were in the VFO mode.
1. With the FT-1900R in the Memory Recall mode, select
the desired memory channel.
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily. The “MR” indicator will blink and the Memory Channel Number will disappear; these indicates that the “Memory Tuning” mode has been engaged.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob, or press the [UP] or [DWN] keys, to tune to a new frequency.
The synthesizer steps you have selected for “VFO” operation will be the steps used during Memory Tuning.
4. If you wish to return to the original memory frequency, press the [D/MR(MW)] key
momentarily. The “MR” indicator will stop blinking and
the Memory Channel Number will reappear.
5. If you wish to store into memory a new frequency set during Memory Tuning, just press
and hold in the [D/MR(MW)] key for one second, then complete the normal memory
storage procedure. Be sure to select an open memory channel when doing so.
MASKING MEMORIES
There may be situations where you want to “Mask” memories so they are not visible during
memory selection or scanning. For example, several memories used only in a city you visit
infrequently may be stored, then “Masked” until you visit that city, at which time you can
“Unmask” them for normal use. (except for Memory Channel “0,” the Priority Channel,
and the Home Channel).
1. With the FT-1900R in the Memory Recall mode, press and hold in the [D/MR(MW)]
key for one second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the memory channel you wish to
delete.
2. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key momentarily. The display will revert to memory channel
“0.” The previously-selected memory will be “masked.”
3. To Unmask a hidden memory, repeat the above procedure: press and hold in the [D/
MR(MW)] key for one second, rotate the DIAL to select the masked memory’s number,
then press the [LOW(A/N)] key to restore the memory channel’s data.
Watch out! You can manually store data over a “Masked” memory, deleting previous data, if you’re not careful. Use the “next available memory” technique (look
for the blinking memory channel number) storage technique to avoid over-writing a
masked memory.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
MEMORY BANK OPERATION
The large number of memories available in the FT-1900R could be difficult to utilize
without some means of organizing them. Fortunately, the FT-1900R includes provision for
dividing the memories into as many as eight Memory Banks, so you can categorize the
memories in a manner convenient to you. You may enter and exit the “Memory Bank”
mode by a single press of the Microphone’s [] key, as we shall see below.
Assigning Memories to a Memory Bank
1. Recall the memory channel to be assigned to a Memory
Bank.
2. Press and hold in the [D/MR(MW)] key for one second, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the Memory Bank number (“b1” ~ “b8”) you want as
the Memory Bank for this channel. The Memory Bank numbers are found by rotating the DIAL knob counter-clockwise past memory channel “0.”
3. Press the [D/MR(MW)] key momentarily to copy the memory channel data into the Memory
Bank.
1) You may assign one memory channel into several Memory Banks.
2) The PMS memory channels (L0/U0 through L9/U9) may not be assigned to a
Memory Bank.
Memory Bank Recall
1. Press the [D/MR(MW)] key, if needed, to enter the Memory
mode.
2. Press the Microphone’s [] key to activate the “Memory
Bank” mode. The Memory Bank number will appear on
the display.
3. Press the [#] key to increment the Memory Bank (“b1”
through “b8”).
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the memories within the
selected Bank; you will observe that you can only select memory channels in the current
memory bank. The small memory bank number will appear, to the right of the frequency display, two seconds after you complete memory channel selection while operating within a Memory Bank.
5. To change to another Memory Bank, press the [#] key to
step up to the next-highest bank.
6. To exit from Memory Bank operation, just press the Microphone’s [] key. The Memory
Channel number will appear steadily on the right side of the display, indicating that you are
now in the “standard” Memory Recall mode, without utilization of the Memory Banks. The memories stored in the various Banks will remain in those banks, however; you do not need to store them again.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
39
MEMORY OPERATION
MEMORY BANK OPERATION
Removing Memories from a Memory Bank
1. While operating in the Memory Bank mode, recall the memory channel to be removed
from a Memory Bank.
2. Press and hold in the [D/MR(MW)] key for one second, then press the [A/N(LOW)] key
to remove the memory channel data from the Memory Bank.
You must first enter the Memory Bank mode, by pressing the microphone’s [ ]
key, before attempting to remove a channel from a
Bank. If you don’t, “MCHERR” will appear when you press
the [A/N(LOW)] key in step (2) above.
Changing a Memory Bank’s Name
You may change the default Memory Bank Name, which is indicated on the display when
you’ve selected a Memory Bank, to a different name, if desired.
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “9 BNK NM.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the
DIAL knob to recall the memory bank on which you wish
to change a label.
3. Press the [A/N(LOW)] key to enable changing of the name tag.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first digit of the desired
label.
5. Press the [A/N(LOW)] key to move to the next character.
6. If you make a mistake, press the [REV(DW)] key to back-space the cursor, then re-enter
the correct letter, number, or symbol.
7. Repeat steps 4 through 6 to program the remaining letters, numbers, or symbols of the
desired label. A total of six characters may be used in the
creation of a label.
8. When you have programmed a name which is under 6 characters, press and hold in the
[MHz(SET)] key for one second to confirm the label and exit to normal operation.
40
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
HOME CHANNEL MEMORY
A convenient one-touch “Home” channel memory is available to simplify return to your
most-often-used frequency. This memory does not appear in the regular memory bank, to
simplify operation and speed recall of this important channel.
To recall the Home channel, just press the [D/MR(MW)] key, repeatedly if necessary, until
the “HM” icon appears on the display; this indicates that the Home
USA version
EXP version
Channel has been recalled.
The factory default frequency for the Home channel is 146.520 MHz (USA version, EXP
version: 144.000 MHz). You can re-program the Home channel in a manner identical to
that used for the regular memories:
1. From the VFO mode, tune in the frequency you wish to store, and set all repeater shifts
and other data just the way you do for “normal” memory channel storage.
2. Press and hold in the [D/MR(MW)] key for one second, then press the [REV(DW)] key
to store the displayed data into the Home channel. The memory label will disappear
(since you are still operating in the VFO mode).
You may also append an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label) to a Home channel, as described
previously. be sure to recall the Home channel first, then enter the Menu (selection “30 NM
SET”) to program the label’s contents.
From the Home channel, you may tune off (as in the Memory Tune mode) without doing
anything more than rotating the main DIAL knob. This automatically shifts control to
the VFO, making it a good idea to program in your area’s “Calling Frequency” as the
Home channel. Once contact is established, you may then tune off the Calling Frequency
to an open simplex frequency to carry on your QSO.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
41
MEMORY OPERATION
MEMORY-ONLY MODE
Once memory channel programming has been completed, you may place the radio in a
“Memory Only” mode, whereby VFO and Home Channel operation are impossible. This
may be particularly useful during public-service events where a number of operators may
be using the radio for first time, and ultimate simplicity of channel selection is desired.
To place the radio into the Memory Only mode, turn it off. Now press and hold in the
[D/MR(MW)] key while turning the radio on. The VFO and Home Channel will now be
disabled.
To return to normal operation, repeat the above power-on procedure.
The FT-1900R’s scanning capability provides the operator with many convenient methods
of rapid frequency navigation.
42
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
NOTE
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
43
SCANNING
BASIC SCANNER OPERATION
Before activating the scanner, make sure that the Squelch is set to silence the background
noise when no signal is present. Scanning is not possible while the Squelch is open (if noise
or signals are being heard).
Scanning may be started or stopped using the microphone’s [UP] or [DWN] button. The
following techniques are used for scanning:
Pressing and holding in either the [UP] or [DWN] button for one second in the VFO
mode will cause upward or downward band scanning, respectively, to begin.
Pressing and holding in either the [UP] or [DWN] button for one second in the Memory
mode will cause memory channel scanning toward a higher- or lower-numbered memory
channel, respectively.
Scanning pauses when a signal opens the squelch, and the decimal point on the display
will blink. You can choose one of three scan-resume modes (described later).
To halt the scan manually, the easiest way is to push the PTT switch on the microphone
momentarily (no transmission will occur while you are scanning). The scan may also be
halted manually by pressing the microphone’s [UP ] or [DWN ] button, or the [D/
MR(MW)] key.
In the factory default setting, the scanner sweeps all frequencies while the VFO
mode and all memory channels while the Memory mode. You may change the
sweep range of the VFO mode to ±1 MHz, ±2 MHz, or ±5 MHz, or sweep only those
Memory Channels with the same “first” or “first” and “second” digits of the alpha/
numeric tag as the first channel on which scanning started, using Set Mode items “28
MEM.SCN” and “56 VFO.SCN.” See pages 77 and 82 for details.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
SCAN-RESUME OPTIONS
Three scan-resume modes are available on the FT-1900R:
In the “BUSY” mode, the scanner will remain halted for as long as there is carrier present
on the channel; after the carrier drops at the end of the other station’s transmission,
scanning will resume.
In the “HOLD” mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters. It will not restart
automatically; you must manually re-initiate scanning if you wish to resume.
In the “3SEC/5SEC/10SEC” mode, the scanner will halt for the selected resume time,
after which scanning will resume (whether or not the other station is still transmitting).
The default scan-stop mode is “BUSY.” To change the scan-resume mode, use the following
procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “41 RESUME.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired scan-resume mode.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
45
SCANNING
MEMORY SKIP SCANNING
When you have some continuously-active channels in memories, you may wish to skip
them for scanning, but still have them available for manual selection.
To mask a memory to be skipped (only) during scanning, use the following procedure:
1. Set the radio to the Memory Recall mode by pressing the [D/MR(MW)] key repeatedly,
as necessary, until “MR” and a channel number appear on the right side of the display.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Memory Channel to be
skipped during scanning.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “47 SKIP.”
4. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob so
as to select “SKIP”. The current Memory Channel will now
be ignored during scanning. The “ONLY” selection is used for “Preferential Memory
Scan,” described in the next section.
5. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
A “SKIP” icon will appear when you recall the “skipped”
memory channel manually.
To re-institute a channel into the scanning loop, select “OFF” in step 4 above, after first
recalling the currently-blocked channel (the “Skipped” channel is accessible via manual
channel selection methods using the DIAL knob in the Memory mode, whether or not it is
locked out of the scanning loop).
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
PREFERENTIAL MEMORY SCAN
The FT-1900R also allows you to set up a “Preferential Scan List” of channels which you
can “flag” within the memory system. These channels are designated by a blinking “SKIP”
icon when you have selected them, one by one, for the Preferential Scan List.
When you initiate memory scanning, beginning on a channel with the Blinking “SKIP”
icon appended, only those channels bearing the Blinking “SKIP” icon will be scanned. If
you initiate scanning on a channel which does not have the Blinking “SKIP” icon appended, you will scan all channels including those with the Blinking “SKIP” icon appended.
Here is the procedure for setting up and using the Preferential Scan List:
1. Set the radio to the Memory Recall mode by pressing the [D/MR(MW)] key repeatedly,
if necessary.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Memory Channel which you wish to add to the
Preferential Scan List.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “47 SKIP.”
4. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob so
as to select “ONLY.”
5. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
To initiate Preferential Memory Scanning:
1. Set the radio to the Memory Recall mode by pressing the [D/MR(MW)] key repeatedly,
if necessary.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select any memory channel which
has a blinking “SKIP” icon appended to the channel number.
3. Press and hold in either the microphone’s [UP] or [DWN] button for one second to
initiate Preferential Memory Scanning. Only the channels which have a blinking “SKIP”
icon appended to the channel number will be scanned.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
47
SCANNING
MEMORY BANK LINK SCAN
When the Memory Bank feature is engaged, the scanner sweeps only memory channels in
the current Memory Bank. However, if the Memory Bank Link Scan feature is enabled, you
may sweep the memory channels in several Memory Banks which you have selected.
To enable the Memory Bank Link Scan feature:
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode by pressing the [D/MR(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “8 BNK.LNK.”
3. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the first
Memory Bank (“b1” ~ “b8”) you wish to sweep using
Memory Bank Link Scan.
4. Press the [D/MR(MW)] key momentarily. A “SKIP” icon will blink above the Memory
Bank number, indicating this Memory Bank will now be
swept during Memory Bank Scan.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 above, to append the blinking “SKIP”
icon to any other Memory Banks you wish to sweep.
6. Now, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to initiate the Memory
Bank Link Scan.
7. To remove a Memory Bank from the Memory Bank Link Scan, repeat steps 2 - 4 above,
to delete the blinking “SKIP” icon from the Memory Bank number indication.
48
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
PROGRAMMABLE BAND-SCAN LIMITS
Besides band and memory scanning, this transceiver can be set to tune or scan only the
frequencies between user-defined lower and upper limits. For example, you may wish to
limit tuning/scanning to 144.3 - 148.0 MHz, to avoid encroachment on the SSB/CW subband between 144.0 and 144.3 MHz
These scanning limits are stored in special “Sub-Band Limit Memories,” labeled L0/U0
through L9/U9, with “L” and “U” designations representing the Lower and Upper limits,
respectively.
To utilize this feature, use the following steps:
1. Store the lower edge of the desired scanning/tuning range in memory “L0”, and the
upper edge in memory “U0” (or, alternatively, in memories “L1/U1” through “L9/U9”).
2. With any of these memories recalled, press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to activate the Programmable Band-Scan Limits. The “PMS” icon will appear. Tuning and
scanning will now be limited within the just-programmed range.
To cancel the Sub-Band Limits and return to normal memory operation, press the [D/
MR(MW)] key momentarily.
Do not attempt to initiate “normal” scanning on any of the PMS memory channels. If you do, an error message will result; the “U/L” memories are dedicated
for the establishment of band scanning limits.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
49
SCANNING
PRIORITY CHANNEL SCANNING (DUAL WATCH)
The FT-1900R’s scanning features include a two-channel scanning capability which allows you to operate on a VFO, Memory channel, or Home channel, while periodically
checking a user-defined Memory Channel for activity. If a station is received on the Memory
Channel which is strong enough to open the Squelch, the scanner will pause on that station
in accordance with the Scan-Resume mode set via Menu item “41 RESUME.” See page 45.
Here is the procedure for activating Priority Channel Dual Watch operation:
1. Set the radio to the Memory Recall mode by pressing the [D/MR(MW)] key repeatedly,
if necessary.
2. Press and hold in the [D/MR(MW)] key for one second (the Memory Channel number
will blink), then select the memory channel you wish to be the “Priority” channel.
3. Press the [ ] key momentarily.
The “PRI” icon will appear to the upper right
corner on the display; indicating it is the Priority channel.
4. Now set the FT-1900R for operation on another memory channel, Home channel, or on
a VFO frequency.
5. Press and hold in the [REV(DW)] key for one second. The display will remain on the
VFO, the selected memory channel, or the Home channel, but every five seconds the
FT-1900R will check the Priority Channel for activity.
6. To cancel Dual Watch operation, press the [D/MR(MW)] key momentarily.
Priority Revert Mode
During Priority channel operation (Dual Watch), a special feature is available which will
allow you to move to the Priority Channel instantly, without waiting for activity to appear
on the Priority Channel.
When this feature is enabled, and priority monitoring is engaged, just press the microphone’s
PTT switch. Operation will instantly revert to the Priority Channel.
To enable Priority Revert operation:
1. Press and hold the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “44 RVRT.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select “ON.”
3. Press and hold the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
normal operation.
To disable Priority Revert operation, select “OFF” in step 2 above.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
WEATHER ALERT SCAN
This feature allows you to check the Weather Broadcast Memory Channels for the presence
of the NOAA Alert Tone while operating using VFO scan or Memory channel scan.
When the Weather Alert Scan feature is engaged, the FT-1900R will check the Weather
Broadcast Memory Channels for activity every five seconds while scanning. If you watch
the display carefully, you’ll observe the scanner periodically shifting to the Weather Broadcast bank, scanning the Weather channels quickly in search of the Alert Tone, after which
regular scanning will resume for another five seconds.
To enable the Weather Alert Scan feature:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “57 WX ALT.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set this Menu item to “ON.”
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
4. To disable the Weather Alert Scan feature, select “OFF” in step 2 above.
You can change the Weather Alert Tone volume level to maximum regardless the VOL
knob setting, using Menu item “58 WX VOL.” See page 82 for details.
1) When the Weather Alert Scan feature is engaged, the Scan-Resume mode will
be fixed on “HOLD.”
2) If you are just scanning the Weather Broadcast Channels, the FT-1900R’s receiver
will remain muted indefinitely unless the Alert Tone is received. This yields a long period
of monitoring time, as no power will be consumed via audio output while scanning (for
the Alert Tone) is in progress.
BAND EDGE BEEPER
The FT-1900R will automatically “beep” when the receiver’s band edge is encountered
during scanning (either in standard VFO scanning or during PMS operation). You may
additionally enable this feature (band edge beeper) when the frequency reaches the band
edge while selecting the VFO frequency manually, using the DIAL knob.
The procedure for enabling the Band-Edge Beeper (during manual tuning) is:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “21 EDG.BEP.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set this Menu item to “ON.”
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
51
SMART SEARCH OPERATION
The Smart Search feature allows you to load frequencies automatically according to where
activity is encountered by your radio. When Smart Search is engaged, the transceiver will
search above and below your current frequency, storing active frequencies as it goes (without stopping on them even momentarily); these frequencies are stored into a special Smart
Search memory band, consisting of 31 memories (15 above the current frequency, 15 below the current frequency, plus the current frequency itself).
Two basic operating modes for Smart Search are available:
SINGLE:
In this mode, the transceiver will sweep the current band once in each
direction, starting on the current frequency. All channels where activity is present will be loaded into the Smart Search memories;
whether or not all 31 memories are filled, the search will stop after
one sweep in each direction.
CNTNUE (Continue): In this mode, the transceiver will make one pass in each direction, as
with “SINGLE” searching; if all 31 channels are not filled after the
first sweep, however, the radio will continue sweeping until they are
all filled.
Setting the Smart Search Mode
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “45 S SRCH.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired Smart Search mode (see above).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
SMART SEARCH OPERATION
Storing Smart Search Memories
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode. Be sure that you have the Squelch adjusted properly (so
that band noise is quieted).
2. Press the Microphone’s [P2] key to enter the Smart Search
mode. The “S SRCH” notation will appear on the display
for two seconds.
3. Press the [MHz(SET)] key (or Microphone’s [A] key) to begin Smart Search scanning.
4. As active channels are detected, they will automatically be stored into the Smart Search
memory bank without causing the sweep to halt.
5. Depending on the mode you set for Smart Search operation (“SINGLE” or “CNTNUE”),
the Smart Search scan will eventually terminate, and the LCD will revert to Smart Search
Memory Channel “C.”
6. To recall the Smart Search memories, just rotate the DIAL knob to choose from among
the Smart Search memories.
7. To return to normal operation, press the [D/MR(MW)] key.
Smart Search is a great tool when visiting a city for the first time. You don’t need
to spend hours looking up repeater frequencies from a reference guidebook; just
ask your FT-1900R where the action is!
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
53
INTERNET CONNECTION FEATURE
The FT-1900R can be used to access a “node” (repeater or base station) which is tied into
the Vertex Standard WIRES™ (Wide-Coverage Internet Repeater Enhancement System)
network. Details may be found at the WiRES-II Web site: http://www.vxstd.com/en/
wiresinfo-en/. This feature may also be used to access other systems, as described below.
SRG (“SISTER RADIO GROUP”) MODE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the [ ] key momentarily to activate the Internet Connection feature. The “Int” notation will appear at the right
of the frequency.
Rotate the DIAL knob while pressing the [ ] key to select the access number (DTMF
“0” ~ “9,” “A,” “B,” “C,” “D,” “E (),” “F (#)”) corresponding to the WIRES™ node to which you wish to establish an Internet link (ask the node or repeater owner/operator if you don’t know the
access number in the network). Now press the PTT switch to exit from the selection
mode.
With the Internet Connection feature activated (as in step 1 above), the FT-1900R will
generate a brief (0.1 second) DTMF tone according to your selection in step 2. This
DTMF tone is sent at the beginning of every transmission to establish or maintain the
link to the local WiRES™ node operating in the SRG mode.
To disable the Internet Connection feature, press the [ ] key momentarily (the “Int”
notation will disappear from the display).
If other users report that you always have a DTMF “beep” at the beginning of
each transmission, and you are not operating in conjunction with Internet access, disable this function via step (4) above.
FRG (“FRIENDS’ RADIO GROUP”) MODE
You may access other Internet Link Systems (including WiRES™ in the “FRG” mode) that
use a DTMF string for access.
Programming the FRG code
Load the DTMF tones which you wish to use for Internet-link access into a Internet Memory
register. For purposes of this example, we will use “#(F)1101D” as the access code (the “#”
key is denoted by the letter “F”).
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “25 INT.SET.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the Internet Memory
register (F0 ~ F9) into which you wish to store the access
code.
3. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key momentarily. The first digit will
blink.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
INTERNET CONNECTION FEATURE
FRG (“FRIENDS’ RADIO GROUP”) MODE
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select “F” (representing DTMF
“#”: the first digit of the DTMF string).
5. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key momentarily to accept the first digit and move to the second
digit of the DTMF string.
6. Repeat the previous steps until you have completed the access code (“#(F)1101D”).
7. If you wish to attach an alpha/numeric name “Tag” to the Internet Memory, proceed to
the next step; otherwise press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save
the setting.
8. Press the [MHz(SET)] key twice to enable programming of the name tag (the Internet
Memory register number will blink).
9. Press the [D/MR(MW)] key momentarily. The “--ALPHA--”
notation will appear on the display for 2 seconds, then the
Memory register number will blink again.
10. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily. The first digit will blink.
11. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first digit of the desired
label.
12. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key to move to the next character.
13. If you make a mistake, press the [REV(DW)] key to back-space the cursor, then re-enter
the correct letter, number, or symbol.
14. Repeat steps 11 and 12 to program the remaining letters,
numbers, or symbols of the desired label. A total of six characters may be used in the creation of a label.
15. When you have finished programming the label (6 characters or less), press and hold in
the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to confirm the label.
16. Repeat steps 1 through 15 to store other access codes, if so desired.
17. Press the PTT switch to save the setting and exit to normal operation.
Operation (Accessing an FRG Node)
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “23 INT MD.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to set this Set Mode Item to
“FRG” (thus activating the “Other Internet Link System”
mode).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting.
4. Press the [ ] key momentarily to activate the Internet Connection feature. The “Int” notation will appear at the right
of the frequency.
5. Rotate the DIAL knob while pressing the [ ] key to select the Internet Memory register
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
55
INTERNET CONNECTION FEATURE
FRG (“FRIENDS’ RADIO GROUP”) MODE
number (F0 ~ F9) (or Name) corresponding to the Internet
link repeater to which you wish to establish an Internet link,
then press the PTT switch momentarily to lock in the selected access number.
6. Once the Internet Connection feature is activated per step 4 above, you may now press
the [ ] key, while you are transmitting, to send out the selected DTMF string (to establish the link to the desired Internet-link mode).
7. To return to the WiRES™ mode, repeat steps 1 - 3 above, selecting “SRG” in step 2.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
ARTS™ (AUTOMATIC RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM)
The ARTS™ feature uses DCS signaling to inform both parties when you and another
ARTS™-equipped station are within communications range. This may be particularly useful during Search-and Rescue situations, where is important to stay in contact with other
members of your group.
Both stations must set up their DCS codes to the same code number, then activate their
ARTS™ feature using the command appropriate for their radio. Alert ringers may be activated, if desired.
Whenever you push the PTT switch, or every 25 (or 15) seconds after ARTS™ is activated,
your radio will transmit a signal which includes a (subaudible)
DCS signal for about 1 second. If the other radio is in range,
the beeper will sound (if enabled) and the display will show
“IN RNG” as opposed to the out of range display “OUTRNG”
in which ARTS™ operation begins.
Whether you talk or not, the polling every 15 or 25 seconds will continue until you deactivate ARTS™. Every 10 minutes, moreover, you can have your radio transmit your callsign
via CW, so as to comply with identification requirements. When ARTS™ is de-activated,
DCS will also be deactivated (if you were not using it previously in non-ARTS™ operation).
If you move out of range for more than one minute (four pollings), your radio will sense
that no signal has been received, three beeps will sound, and the display will revert to
“OUTRNG.” If you move back into range, your radio will again beep, and the display will
change back to the “IN RNG” indication.
During ARTS™ operation, your operating frequency will continue to be displayed, but no
changes may be made to it or other settings; you must terminate ARTS™ in order to resume
normal operation. This is a safety feature designed to prevent accidental loss of contact due
to channel change, etc.
Basic ARTS™ Setup and Operation
1. Assign the ARTS™ feature to the microphone’s programmable button ([P1], [P2], [P3],
or [P4]), per the discussion on page 65.
2. Set your radio and the other radio(s) to the same DCS code number, per the discussion
on page 25.
3. Press the assigned microphone’s programmable button momentarily. You will observe
the “OUTRNG” display on the LCD. ARTS™ operation
has now commenced.
4. Every 25 seconds, your radio will transmit a “polling” call to the other station. When
that station responds with its own ARTS™ polling signal, the display will change to
“IN RNG” to confirm that the other station’s polling code
was received in response to yours.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
57
ARTS™ (AUTOMATIC RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM)
5. Press the assigned microphone’s programmable button momentarily to exit ARTS™
operation and resume normal functioning of the transceiver.
ARTS™ Polling Time Options
The ARTS™ feature may be programmed to poll every 25 seconds (default value) or 15
seconds. The default value provides maximum battery conservation, because the polling
signal is sent out less frequently. To change the polling interval:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “3 AR INT.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired polling interval (15 or 25 seconds).
3. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one
second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
ARTS™ Alert Beep Options
The ARTS™ feature allows two kinds of alert beeps (with the additional option of turning
them off), so as to alert you to the current status of ARTS™ operation. Depending on your
location and the potential annoyance associated with frequent beeps, you may choose the
Beep mode which best suits your needs. The choices are:
IN RNG:
The beeps are issued only when the radio first confirms that you are within
range, but does not re-confirm with beeps thereafter.
ALWAYS: Every time a polling transmission is received from the other station, the alert
beeps will be heard.
OFF:
No alert beeps will be heard; you must look at the display to confirm current
ARTS™ status.
To set the ARTS™ Beep mode, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “2 AR BEP.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired ARTS™ Beep mode (see above).
3. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one
second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
ARTS™ (AUTOMATIC RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM)
CW Identifier Setup
The ARTS™ feature includes a CW identifier, as discussed previously. Every ten minutes
during ARTS™ operation, the radio can be instructed to send “DE (your callsign) K,” if this
feature is enabled. The callsign field may contain up to 16 characters.
Here’s how to program the CW Identifier:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “11 CW ID.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, followed by the [LOW(A/N)] key, to display any previously-stored callsign.
3. Press and hold in the [LOW(A/N)] key for one second to
Clear any previous callsign.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first letter/number of
your callsign, then press the [LOW(A/N)] key momentarily
to save the first letter/number and move on to the next character.
5. Repeat the previous step, as many times as necessary, to complete your callsign. Note
that the “slant bar” (– • • – •) is among the available characters, should you be a “portable” station.
6. If you make a mistake, press the [REV(DW)] key to move back to the previous letter/
number’s slot, then re-select the correct letter/number.
7. When you have finished entering your entire callsign and it contains less than 16 characters, press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to confirm the callsign. (if you callsign
has exactly 16 characters, you do not need to press the [MHz(SET)] key in this step,
and step ).
8. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily again, then rotate
the DIAL knob to set this Item to “ON” (to enable the CW
ID function).
9. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one
second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
To disable the CW Identifier:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “11 CW ID.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the
DIAL knob to set this Item to “OFF” (to disable the CW ID
function).
3. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one
second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
You may check your work by monitoring the entered callsign. To do this, recall
Set Mode Item “11 CW ID” and press the [MHz(SET)] key, then press the [D/
MR(MW)] key.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
59
CW TRAINING FEATURE
The FT-1900R provides a CW Training feature, which sends random Morse Code via the
sidetone (heard in the speaker), so you can improve your CW proficiency.
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “12 CWTRNG.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to enable adjustment of this Set Mode Item.
3. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key to select the Training mode (displayed in fine print at the
upper edge of the LCD):
1A: Sends five Alphabet characters only
A: Sends Alphabet characters only (Repeatedly)
1n: Sends five Numeric characters only
n: Sends Numeric characters only (Repeatedly)
1An:Sends five Alphabet, Numeric, “?,” and “/” characters (Mixed)
An: Send Alphabet, Numeric, “?,” and “/” characters (Mixed, Continuously in group
of five)
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Morse speed. You may select the units of the code
speed between “WPM (Words per minute)” and “CPM:
characters per minute)” by pressing the [D/MR(MW)] key.
5. Press the [REV(DW)] key to begin generation of the code characters (CW sidetone
only, the radio does not transmit); the transmitted characters will appear on the display. If one of the “1” modes is
selected in step 3 above, press the [REV(DW)] key to send another code group.
6. To disable the CW Training feature, press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily.
7. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to exit to normal operation.
The “CPM” selection is based on the international “PARIS” standard, which
stipulates five characters per word.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
PACKET OPERATION
The FT-1900R may be used for 1200 bps Packet operation, using most all commonlyavailable Terminal Node Controllers (TNCs). Connections between the transceiver and the
TNC are accomplished via the front panel Microphone connector and rear panel External
Speaker jack, per the diagram below.
The audio level from the receiver to the TNC may be adjusted by using the VOL knob, as
with voice operation. The input level to the FT-1900R from the TNC may be adjusted via
Set Mode Item “27 MCGAIN;” see page 64 for details.
Be sure to turn the transceiver and TNC off before connecting the cables, so as to prevent
voltage spikes from possibly damaging your transceiver.
Remember to readjust the default microphone input level to “LVL 5” (Set Mode Item “27
MCGAIN”) when Packet operation is finished.
DATA
IN
MIC
RJ12/6
6 Position 6 Contact
Modular Plug
DATA
OUT
PTT
EXT SP ( REAR PANEL)
2-contact 3.5-mm
Mini Phone Plug
PACKET RX OUT
Pin 4: GND
Pin 5: PACKET TX IN
Pin 6: PTT
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
61
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
PASSWORD
The FT-1900R provides a password feature which can minimize the chance that your transceiver could be used by an unauthorized party.
When the password feature is activated, the radio will ask for the four digit password to be
entered when the radio is first turned on. You must enter the four digit password from the
Microphone’s keypad. If the wrong password is entered, the microprocessor will shut down
the radio automatically.
To enter the password and activating this feature, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “40 PSWD.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to enable adjustment of this Set Mode Item.
3. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key momentarily to display any previously-stored password.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first digit of the desired
number/letter (0-9, A, B, C, D, E (substitute for “”), and F
(substitute for “#”).
5. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key to move to the next digit.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to program the remaining numbers/
letters of the desired password.
7. If you make a mistake, press the [REV(DW)] key to move back to the previous digit,
then re-select the correct number/letter.
8. When you have finished entering the password, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key
for one second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
9. If you wish to disable the Password feature, repeat steps 1 and 2 above, now rotate the
DIAL knob to select “OFF,” then press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second.
1) We recommend that you to write down the password number, and keep it in a
safe place you can easily find if you forget your password.
2) If you forget the password number, you may turn on the transceiver by performing the
“Microprocessor Resetting” procedure (see page 68). However, the FT-1900R will clear
the password, as well as all memories, and will restore all other settings to factory defaults.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
TIME-OUT TIMER (TOT)
The “Time-Out Timer” (TOT) feature is designed to force the transceiver into the “receive”
mode after a preset time period of continuous transmission (the default is 3 minutes). This
feature prevents your transceiver from transmitting a “dead carrier” for a long period of
time in the event that the microphone PTT switch is accidentally locked in the “TX” condition.
The Time-Out Timer’s “switch-to-receive” time may be adjusted to 1/3/5/10 minutes, or
Off.
To change the default (3 minutes) time setting:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “53 TOT.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired interval (1/3/5/10 minutes), or OFF.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
When your transmission time is within 10 seconds of the Time-Out Timer expiration, an Alert bell will provide an audible warning from the speaker.
AUTOMATIC POWER-OFF (APO)
The “Automatic Power-Off” (APO) feature will turn the radio completely off after a userdefined period of PTT or key/button inactivity. If you do not press any front panel keys or
buttons, rotate the DIAL knob, use the microphone’s keys and buttons, or transmit, and so
long as the transceiver is not scanning or engaged in priority monitoring, the radio will shut
itself off after the specified time period. The available selections for the time before poweroff are 0.5/1/3/5/8 hours, as well as APO Off. This feature is useful in minimizing battery
drain in a mobile installation if you forget to turn the transceiver off when you leave your
vehicle.
To activate the APO feature:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “1 APO.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
select the desired “switch-off” time or OFF.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
If there is no action by you within the time interval programmed, an Alert bell will provide
an audible warning from the speaker within 1 minute of the APO Timer expiration, then the
microprocessor will shut down the radio automatically.
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63
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
BUSY CHANNEL LOCK-OUT (BCLO)
The BCLO feature prevents the radio’s transmitter from being activated if a signal strong
enough to break through the “noise” squelch is present. On a frequency where stations
using different CTCSS or DCS codes may be active, BCLO prevents you from disrupting
their communications accidentally (because your radio may be muted by its own Tone
Decoder). The default setting for the BCLO is OFF, and here is how to change that setting:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “5 BCLO.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to enable adjustment of this Set Mode Item.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to set this Set Mode Item to “ON”
(thus activating the BCLO feature).
4. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one
second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
Remember that BCLO is controlled by the Noise Squelch; if you have DCS or
TSQ engaged, BCLO will inhibit transmission if a station is on frequency but not
transmitting the proper tone; BCLO will thus prevent you from interfering with the other
station’s transmission.
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FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
PROGRAMMING THE KEY ASSIGNMENTS
Default FT-1900R key functions have been assigned to the Microphone’s [P1]/[P2]/[P3]/
[P4] buttons at the factory. These may be changed by the user, if you wish to assign quick
access to another function.
To change the assignments for the programmable keys:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select the Menu Item to be configured (“36 PRG P1,” “37 PRG P2,” “38 PRG P3,” or “39 PRG P4”).
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the function you wish to
assign to the button you selected in the previous step. The available choices are vary
slightly among the four keys you may program, and they
include:
ARTS: Engages the ARTS™ operation.
SQLOFF: Opens the Squelch to allow un-muted reception. Button
Default
SQLOFF
WX CH: Switches operation to the Weather channels bank. [P1]
[P2]
S SRCH
S SRCH: Engages the Smart Search operation.
[P3]
C SRCH
C SRCH: Engages the Tone Search Scanning feature.
[P4]
USA Version: WX CH
SCAN: Engages the Scan operation
EXP Version: T.CALL
T CALL: Activates 1750 Hz Tone Burst
or one of the Set Menu items.
3. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then rotate the DIAL
knob to select another programmable button to modify, if desired, and repeat the above
steps.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to exit to normal operation.
You may assign Set Mode items to the Microphone’s [P1]/[P2]/[P3]/[P4] buttons, as well,
to do this:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Set Mode Item which you wish to assign to the key
as a Menu short-cut.
3. Press and hold in the Microphone’s [P1], [P2], [P3], or [P4] button for one second to
assign the Set Mode Item to that button.
4. Now you can recall this preferred Set Mode Item by simply pressing the Microphone’s
button momentarily.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
65
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
FM BANDWIDTH & TX DEVIATION LEVEL
You can reduce the receiver bandwidth and microphone deviation level when operating on
tightly-clustered frequencies (channel spacing of 12.5 or 15 kHz). This will reduce the
transmitter deviation, thus minimizing interference to other users.
To configure for the narrower bandwidth, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “59 W/N DV.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
change the display to “NARROW (±2.5 kHz Deviation, 6
kHz Bandwidth)”.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
4. To return to wide bandwidth and deviation, repeat the above procedure, selecting “WIDE
(±5 kHz Deviation, 15 kHz Bandwidth)” in step 2 above.
MIC GAIN SETTING
At the factory, a microphone gain has been programmed that should be satisfactory for the
supplied MH-48A6J Microphone. If you use an after-market microphone or connect a TNC,
you may wish to set a different Mic Gain level, using Set Mode item “27 MCGAIN.”
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “27 MCGAIN.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key, then rotate the DIAL knob to
set the desired level (Default: LVL 5).
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit
to normal operation.
Remember to readjust the default microphone input level to “LVL 5” when using the supplied MH-48A6J Microphone.
66
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
DCS CODE INVERSION
The DCS system was first introduced in the commercial LMR (Land Mobile Radio) service,
where it is now in widespread use. DCS is sometime referred to by its different proprietary
names, such as DPL® (Digital Private Line®, a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.).
DCS uses a codeword consisting of a 23-bit frame, transmitted (subaudible) at a data rate of
134.4 bps (bit/sec). Occasionally, signal inversion can result in the complement of a code to
be sent or received. This prevents the receiver’s squelch from opening with DCS enabled,
as the decoded bit sequence would not match that selected for operation.
Typical situations that might cause inversion to occur are:
Connection of an external receiver preamplifier.
Operating through a repeater.
Connection of an external linear amplifier.
Note that code inversion does not mean that any of the above listed equipment is defective!
In certain amplifier configurations, the output signal (phase) is inverted from the input.
Small signal or power amplifiers having an odd number (1, 3, 5, etc.) of amplification
stages may result in inversion of a transmitted or received DCS code.
While under most circumstances this should not occur (amplifier designs and industry standards take this into account), if you find that your receiver squelch does not open when both
you and the other station are using a common DCS code, you or the other station (but not
both) can try the following:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select “15 DCS RV.”
2. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the
DIAL knob to set this Set Mode Item to “ENABLE” (thus
inverting the DCS Code).
3. When you have made your selection, press and hold the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
4. Remember to restore the default setting to “DISABLE” when done.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
67
RESET PROCEDURE
In some instances of erratic or unpredictable operation, the cause may be corruption of data
in the microprocessor (due to static electricity, etc.). If this happens, resetting of the microprocessor may restore normal operation. Note that all memories will be erased if you do a
complete microprocessor reset, as described below.
MICROPROCESSOR RESETTING
To clear all memories and other settings to factory defaults:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the [REV(DW)], [LOW(A/N)], and [D/MR(MW)] keys while turning
the radio on. The “ALL RESET PUSH D/MR KEY” notation will scroll on the display.
3. Press the [D/MR(MW)] key momentarily to reset all settings to their factory defaults
(press any other key to cancel the Reset procedure).
SET MODE RESETTING
To reset the Set (Menu) mode settings to their factory defaults, while leaving other settings
unchanged:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the [LOW(A/N)] and [D/MR(MW)] keys while turning the radio on.
The “SET MODE RESET PUSH D/MR KEY” notation will scroll on the display.
3. Press the [D/MR(MW)] key momentarily to reset the Set (Menu) mode settings to their
factory defaults (press any other key to cancel the Reset procedure).
68
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
CLONING
The FT-1900R includes a convenient “Clone” feature, which allows the memory and configuration data from one transceiver to be transferred to another FT-1900R. This can be
particularly useful when configuring a number of transceivers for a public service operation. Here is the procedure for Cloning one radio’s data to another:
1. Turn both radios off.
2. Connect the user-constructed cloning cable between the MIC jacks of the two radios.
3. Press and hold in the [LOW(A/N)] key while turning the radios on. Do this for both
radios (the order of switch-on does not matter). “CLONE” will appear on the displays of
both radios when the Clone mode is successfully activated
in this step.
4. On the Destination radio, press the [D/MR (MW)] key
(“- -WAIT- -” will appear on the LCD).
5. Press the [MHz(SET)] key on the Source radio; “- - - -TX- - - -” will appear on the Source
radio, and the data from this radio will be transferred to the
other radio.
6. If there is a problem during the cloning process, “ERROR”
will be displayed. Check your cable connections and battery voltage, and try again.
7. If the data transfer is successful, “CLONE” will appear on both displays.
8. Press any key to exit to normal operation.
9. Turn both radios off and disconnect the cloning cable.
RJ12/6
6 Position 6 Contact
Modular Plug
RJ12/6
6 Position 6 Contact
Modular Plug
Pin 4: GND
Pin 6: PTT/CLONE
Pin 6: PTT/CLONE
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
Pin 4: GND
69
“SET” (MENU) MODE
The FT-1900R Set (Menu) mode, already described in parts of many previous chapters, is
easy to activate and set. It may be used for configuration of a wide variety of transceiver
parameters, some of which have not been detailed previously. Use the following procedure
to activate the Set (Menu) mode:
1. Press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Menu Item to be adjusted.
3. Press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to enable adjustment of the selected Menu
item, then rotate the DIAL knob to perform the actual adjustment.
4. After completing your selection and adjustment, press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key
for one second to exit the Set mode and resume normal operation.
MENU ITEM
1 APO
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
AR BEP
AR INT
ARS
BCLO
BEEP
BELL
BNK.LNK
BNK NM
CLK.SFT
CW ID
CWTRNG
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
DC VLT
DCS CD
DCS RV
DIMMER
DT A/M
DT DLY
DT SET
DT SPD
EDG.BEP
INT CD
23 INT MD
24 INT.A/M
25 INT.SET
26 LOCK
FUNCTION
Enables/Disables the Automatic Power Off feature.
AVAILABLE VALUES
30MIN / 1HOUR / 3HOUR /
5HOUR / 8HOUR / OFF
Selects the Beep option during ARTS™ operation.
IN RNG / ALWAYS / OFF
Selects the Polling Interval during ARTS™ operation.
25SEC / 15SEC
Activates/Deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift feature.
ON / OFF
Enables/Disables the Busy Channel Lock-Out feature.
ON / OFF
Enables/Disables the key beeper.
KY+SCN / KEY / OFF
Selects the CTCSS/DCS/EPCS Bell Ringer repetitions.
1 / 3 / 5 / 8 / CNTNUE / OFF
Select the Memory Bank for the Memory Bank Link Scan.
--Programming an Alpha/Numeric label for a Memory Bank.
--Shifting of the CPU clock frequency.
ON / OFF
Enables/Disables the CW identifier during ARTS™ Operation.
ON / OFF
Enables/Disables the CW Training feature and selects the sending
4WPM - 13WPM / 15WPM /
speed of the morse Code.
17WPM / 20WPM / 24WPM /
30WPM / 40WPM / OFF
(20CPM - 65CPM (5CPM multiples)
/ 75CPM / 85CPM / 100CPM /
120CPM / 150CPM / 200CPM)
Indicates the DC Supply Voltage.
--Setting of the DCS code.
104 standard DCS codes
Enables/Disables “Inverted” DCS code decoding.
ENABLE / DISABL
Setting of the front panel display’s illumination level.
LVL 0 (OFF) - LVL 10
Enables/Disables the DTMF Autodialer feature.
MANUAL / AUTO
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer’s TX Delay Time.
50 / 250 / 450 / 750 / 1000 (ms)
--023
DISABL
LVL 5
MANUAL
450 (ms)
Loading of the DTMF Autodialer Memories.
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Sending Speed.
Enables/Disable the Band-edge beeper while scanning.
Selects the Access Number (DTMF digit) for WiRES™ operation.
--50 (ms)
OFF
DTMF 1
Selects the Internet Link Connection mode.
Enables/Disables DTMF Autodialer feature while operating on the
Internet Connection feature.
Selects the memory register for an Access Number (DTMF code) for
non-WiRES™ Internet Link System access.
Selects the Control Locking Lockout combination.
27 MCGAIN
Adjust the microphone gain level.
28 MEM.SCN Selects the Memory Scan mode.
70
DEFAULT
OFF
IN RNG
25SEC
ON
OFF
KY+SCN
OFF
----OFF
OFF
OFF
--50 / 100 (ms)
ON / OFF
DTMF 0 - DTMF 9 /
DTMF A -DTMF F
SRG / FRG
MANUAL / AUTO
SRG
MANUAL
---
---
KEY / DIAL / K+D / PTT /
K+P / D+P / ALL
LVL 1 -LVL 9
TAG1 / TAG2 / ALL CH
K+D
LVL 5
ALL CH
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
“SET” (MENU) MODE
MENU ITEM
29 MW MD
30 NM SET
31 OPN.MSG
36
37
38
39
40
41
PRG P1
PRG P2
PRG P3
PRG P4
PSWD
RESUME
FUNCTION
Selects the method of selection of channels for Memory Storage.
Programming an Alpha/Numeric label for a Memory Channel.
Selects the Opening Message that appears when the radio is powered on.
Enables/Disables the Enhanced CTCSS Paging & Code Squelch
function.
Enables/Disables the Answer Back function of the Enhanced CTCSS
Paging & Code Squelch function.
Setting the Receiver Pager Code for the Enhanced CTCSS Paging
& Code Squelch function.
Setting the Transmitting Pager Code for the Enhanced CTCSS Paging & Code Squelch function.
Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s [P1] key.
Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s [P2] key.
Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s [P3] key.
Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s [P4] key.
Programs and activates the Password feature.
Selects the Scan Resume mode.
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
RF SQL
RPT
RVRT
S SRCH
SHIFT
SKIP
SPLIT
SQL.TYP
STEP
Adjusts the RF Squelch threshold level.
Sets the Repeater Shift direction.
Enables/Disables the “Priority Channel Revert” feature.
Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
Selects the Memory Scan mode.
Enables/Disables the split CTCSS/DCS coding.
Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
Sets the Synthesizer steps.
51
52
53
54
TEMP
TN FRQ
TOT
TS MUT
55
56
57
58
59
TS SPD
VFO.SCN
WX ALT
WX VOL
W/N DV
32 PAGER
33 PAG.ABK
34 PAG.CDR
35 PAG.CDT
AVAILABLE VALUES
NEXT / LOWER
--DC / MSG / OFF
DEFAULT
NEXT
--DC
ON / OFF
OFF
ON / OFF
OFF
---
05_47
---
05_47
ARTS / DC VLT / DIMMER /
MCGAIN / SKIP / SQL OFF /
WX CH / S SRCH /
C SRCH / SCAN / T CALL /
one of the Set Menu items
BUSY / HOLD / 3SEC / 5SEC /
10SEC
S1 - S9 or OFF
-RPT / +RPT / SIMP
ON / OFF
SINGLE / CNTNUE
0.00-99.95 (MHz)
SQL OFF
S SRCH
C SRCH
OFF
BUSY
OFF
SIMP
OFF
SINGLE
0.60 (MHz)
SKIP / ONLY / OFF
OFF
ON / OFF
OFF
TONE / TSQL / DCS / RV TN / OFF
OFF
5k / 10k / 12.5k / 15k / 20k /
USA: 5 kHz
25k / 50k / 100k (Hz)
EXP: 12.5 kHz
Indicats the current temperature inside the transceiver’s case.
----Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
50 standard CTCSS tones
100.0 (Hz)
Sets the Time-Out Timer.
1MIN / 3MIN / 5MIN / 10MIN / OFF
3MIN
Enables/Disables the receiver audio output during the Tone Search
ON / OFF
ON
Scanner is activated.
Selects the Tone Search Scanner speed.
FAST / SLOW
FAST
Select the VFO Scanner Width.
±1MHz / ±2MHz / ±5MHz / ALL
ALL
Enables/Disables the Weather Alert feature.
ON / OFF
OFF
Selects the audio output level of the Weather Alert.
NOR.VOL / MAX.VOL
NOR.VOL
Reduction of the Microphone Gain/Deviation and receiver bandwidth.
WIDE / NARROW
WIDE
USA: WX CH
EXP: T CALL
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
71
“SET” (MENU) MODE
REPEATER SETTING
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Activates/Deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift 4 ARS
feature.
Sets the Repeater Shift direction.
43 RPT
Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
46 SHIFT
CTCSS/DCS/EPCS SETTING
ON / OFF
–RPT / +RPT / SIMP
0.00-99.95 (MHz) (0.60MHz)
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Selects the CTCSS/DCS/EPCS Bell Ringer repeti- 7 BELL
tions.
Setting of the DCS code.
14 DCS CD
1 / 3 / 5 / 8 / CNTNUE / OFF
Enables/Disables “Inverted” DCS code decoding.
Enables/Disables the Enhanced CTCSS Paging &
Code Squelch function.
Enables/Disables the Answer Back function of the
Enhanced CTCSS Paging & Code Squelch function.
Setting the Receiver Pager Code for the Enhanced
CTCSS Paging & Code Squelch function.
Setting the Transmitting Pager Code for the Enhanced
CTCSS Paging & Code Squelch function.
Enables/Disables the split CTCSS/DCS coding.
Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
15 DCS RV
32PAGER
104 standard DCS codes
(023)
ENABLE / DISABL
ON / OFF
33 PAG.ABK
ON / OFF
34 PAG.CDR
--- (05_47)
35 PAG.CDT
--- (05_47)
48 SPLIT
49 SQ TYP
Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
52 TN FRQ
ON / OFF
TONE / TSQL / DCS / RV TN /
OFF
50 standard CTCSS tones
(100 Hz)
ON / OFF
Enables/Disables the receiver audio output during the 54 TS MUT
Tone Search Scanner is activated.
Selects the Tone Search Scanner speed.
55 TS SPD
ARTS™ SETTING
Selects the Beep option during ARTS™ operation.
2 AR BEP
Selects the Polling Interval during ARTS™ operation. 3 AR INT
Enables/Disables the CW identifier during ARTS™ 11 CW ID
Operation.
MEMORY SETTING
Select the Memory Bank for the Memory Bank Link
Scan.
Programming an Alpha/Numeric label for a Memory
Bank.
Selects the method of selection of channels for
Memory Storage.
Programming an Alpha/Numeric label for a Memory
Channel.
Enables/Disable the Band-edge beeper while scanning.
Selects the Memory Scan mode.
FAST / SLOW
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
IN RNG / ALWAYS / OFF
25SEC / 15SEC
ON / OFF
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
8 BNK.LNK
---
9 BNK NM
---
29 MW MD
NEXT / LOWER
30 NM SET
---
21 EDG.BEP
ON / OFF
28 MEM.SCN
TAG1 / TAG2 / ALL CH
SCAN SETTING
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Selects the Scan Resume mode.
41 RESUME
Selects the Memory Scan mode.
Select the VFO Scanner Width.
47 SKIP
56 VFO.SCN
DTMF SETTING
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Enables/Disables the DTMF Autodialer feature.
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer’s TX Delay Time.
Loading of the DTMF Autodialer Memories.
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Sending Speed.
17
18
19
20
72
DT A/M
DT DLY
DT SET
DT SPD
BUSY / HOLD / 3SEC / 5SEC /
10SEC
SKIP /ONLY / OFF
±1MHz / ±2MHz / ±5MHz / ALL
MANUAL / AUTO
50 / 250 / 450 / 750 / 1000 (ms)
--50 / 100 (ms)
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
“SET” (MENU) MODE
WIRES™ SETTING
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Selects the Access Number (DTMF digit) for WiRES™
operation.
Selects the Internet Link Connection mode.
Enables/Disables DTMF Autodialer feature while operating on the Internet Connection feature.
Selects the memory register for an Access Number
(DTMF code) for non-WiRES™ Internet Link System
access.
22 INT CD
SWITCH/KNOB SETTING
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Enables/Disables the key beeper.
Selects the Control Locking Lockout combination.
6 BEEP
26 LOCK
Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s
[P1] key.
Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s
[P2] key.
Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s
[P3] key.
Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s
[P4] key.
Sets the Synthesizer steps.
36 PRG P1
KY+SCN / KEY / OFF
KEY / DIAL / K+D / PTT / K+P /
D+P / ALL
(SQLOFF)
37 PRG P2
(S SRCH)
38 PRG P3
(C SRCH)
39 PRG P4
(USA Version: WX CH)
(EXP Version: T.CALL)
5k (USA) /10k / 12.5k (EXP)/
15k / 20k / 25k / 50k / 100k (Hz)
DISPLAY SETTING
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Indicates the DC Supply Voltage.
Setting of the front panel display’s illumination level.
Selects the Opening Message that appears when the
radio is powered on.
Indicats the current temperature inside the
transceiver’s case.
13 DC VLT
16 DIMMER
31 OPN.MSG
--LVL 0 (OFF) - LVL 10 (LVL 5)
DC / MSG / OFF
51 TEMP
-
MISCELLANEOUS SETTING
SET MODE ITEM AVAILABLE VALUES (DEFAULT)
Enables/Disables the Automatic Power Off feature.
23 INT MD
24 INT.A/M
DTMF 0 - DTMF 9 /
DTMF A - DTMF F (DTMF 1)
SRG / FRG
MANUAL / AUTO
25 INT.SET
---
50 STEP
1 APO
Enables/Disables the Busy Channel Lock-Out feature. 5 BCLO
Shifting of the CPU clock frequency.
10 CLK.SFT
Enables/Disables the CW Training feature and selects 12 CWTRNG
the sending speed of the morse Code.
Adjust the microphone gain level.
27 MCGAIN
Programs and activates the Password feature.
40 PSWD
Adjusts the RF Squelch threshold level.
42 RF SQL
Enables/Disables the “Priority Channel Revert” fea- 44 RVRT
ture.
45 S SRCH
Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
Sets the Time-Out Timer.
53 TOT
Enables/Disables the Weather Alert feature.
57 WX ALT
Selects the audio output level of the Weather Alert. 58 WX VOL
Selects Wide (5 kHz) or Narrow (2.5 kHz) TX Devia- 59 W/N DV
tion.
30MIN / 1HOUR / 3HOUR /
5 HOUR / 8HOUR / OFF
ON / OFF
ON / OFF
4WPM - 13WPM / 15WPM /
17WPM / 20WPM / 24WPM /
30WPM / 40WPM / OFF
(20CPM - 65CPM (5CPM multiples) / 75CPM / 85CPM /
100CPM / 120CPM /
150CPM / 200CPM)
LVL 1 - LVL 9 (LVL 5)
S1 - S9 or OFF
ON / OFF
SINGLE / CNTNUE
1MIN / 3MIN / 5MIN / 10MIN /
OFF
ON / OFF
NOR.VOL / MAX.VOL
WIDE / NARROW
: ARTS / DC VLT / DIMMER / MCGAIN / SKIP / SQL OFF / WX CH / S SRCH / C SRCH / SCAN /
T CALL / one of the Set Menu items
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
73
“SET” (MENU) MODE
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
1 APO
Function: Enables/Disables the Automatic Power Off feature.
Available Values: 30MIN / 1HOUR / 3HOUR / 5HOUR / 8HOUR / OFF
Default: OFF
2 AR BEP
Function: Selects the Beep option during ARTS operation.
Available Values: IN RNG / ALWAYS / OFF
Default:IN RNG
IN RNG: Beeps sound only when the radio first detects that you are within range.
ALWAYS: Beeps sound every time a polling transmission is received from the other station
(every 15 or 25 seconds when in range).
OFF:
No alert beeps sound.
3 AR INT
Function: Selects the Polling Interval during ARTS operation.
Available Values: 25SEC / 15SEC
Default: 25SEC
4 ARS
Function: Activates/Deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift feature.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: ON
5 BCLO
Function: Enables/Disables the Busy Channel Lock-Out feature.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
6 BEEP
Function: Enables/Disables the key beeper.
Available Values: KY+SCN / KEY / OFF
Default: KY+SCN
KY+SC: The beeper sounds when you press any key, or when the scanner stops.
KEY:
The beeper sounds when you press any key.
OFF:
Beeper is disabled.
7 BELL
Function: Selects the CTCSS/DCS/EPCS Bell Ringer repetitions.
Available Values: 1 / 3 / 5 / 8 / CNTNUE (Continuous ringing) / OFF
Default: OFF
74
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
“SET” (MENU) MODE
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
8 BNK.LNK
Function: Selects the Memory Bank(s) for the Memory Bank Link Scan.
See page 46 for details.
9 BNK NM
Function: Programming an Alpha/Numeric label for a Memory Bank.
See page 39 for details.
10 CLK.SFT
Function: Shifting of the CPU clock frequency.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
This function is only used to move a spurious response “birdie,” should it fall on a desired
frequency.
11 CW ID
Function: Enables/Disables the CW identifier during ARTS Operation.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
12 CWTRNG
Function: Enables/Disables the CW Training feature and selects the sending speed of the
Morse Code groups.
Available Values: 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 15 / 17 / 20 / 24 / 30 / 40 WPM / OFF
or 20 / 25 / 30 / 35 / 40 / 45 / 50 / 55 / 60 / 65 / 75 / 85 / 100 / 120 / 150 / 200 CPM
Default: OFF
Note: To switch units between “WPM” and “CPM,” just press the [MHz(SET)] key.
13 DC VLT
Function: Indicates the DC Supply Voltage.
14 DCS CD
Function: Setting of the DCS code.
Available Values: 104 standard DCS codes
Default: 023
15 DCS RV
Function: Enables/Disables “Inverted” DCS
code decoding.
Available Values: ENABLE / DISABL
Default: DISABL
DCS CODE
023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053
054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122
125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162
165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244
245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
732 734 743 754
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
–
–
–
–
–
–
75
“SET” (MENU) MODE
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
16 DIMMER
Function: Setting of the front panel display’s illumination level.
Available Values: 0 (OFF) - 10
Default: 5
17 DT A/M
Function: Enables/Disables the DTMF Autodialer feature.
Available Values: MANUAL / AUTO
Default: MANUAL
18 DT DLY
Function: Setting of the DTMF Autodialer’s TX Delay Time.
Available Values: 50 / 250 / 450 / 750 / 1000 ms
Default: 450 ms
19 DT SET
Function: Loading of the DTMF Autodialer Memories.
See page 32 for details.
20 DT SPD
Function: Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Sending Speed.
Available Values: 50 (high speed) / 100 (low speed) ms
Default: 50 ms
21 EDG.BEP
Function: Enables/Disable the Band-edge beeper while scanning.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
22 INT CD
Function: Selects the Access Numbers (DTMF digits) for WIRES™ Internet linking.
Available Values: DTMF 0 - DTMF 9 / DTMF A - DTMF F
Default: DTMF 1
23 INT MD
Function: Selects the Internet Link Connection mode.
Available Values: SRG / FRG
Default: SRG
76
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
“SET” (MENU) MODE
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
24 INT.A/M
Function: Enables/Disables DTMF Autodialer feature while using the Internet Connection
feature.
Available Values: MANUAL / AUTO
Default: MANUAL
25 INT.SET
Function: Selects the memory register for an Access Number (DTMF code) for non-WiRES
Internet Link System access.
Available Values: F0 - F9
Default: F1
26 LOCK
Function: Selects the Control Locking Lockout combination.
Available Values: KEY / DIAL / K+D / PTT / K+P / D+P / ALL
Default: OFF
Note: “K” = “Key;” “D” = “Dial;” and “P” = “PTT.”
27 MCGAIN
Function: Adjust the microphone gain level.
Available Values: 1 - 9
Default: 5
28 MEM.SCN
Function: Selects the Memory Scan mode.
Available Values: TAG1 / TAG2 / ALL CH
Default: ALL CH
ALL CH: The scanner sweeps all Memory channels.
TAG1: The scanner sweeps only those Memory channels with the same “first” digit of
the alpha/numeric tag as the first channel on which scanning started.
TAG2: The scanner sweeps only those Memory channels with the same “first” and “second” digits of the alpha/numeric tag as the first channel on which scanning started.
29 MW MD
Function: Selects the method of selection of channels for Memory Storage.
Available Values: NEXT / LOWER
Default: NEXT
NEXT: Stores the data into the memory channel which is next-highest from the laststored memory channel.
LOWER: Stores the data into the lowest-available “free” channel.
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
77
“SET” (MENU) MODE
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
30 NM SET
Function: Programming an Alpha/Numeric label for a Memory Channel.
See page 37 for details.
31 OPN.MSG
Function: Selects the Opening Message that appears when the radio is powered on.
Available Values: DC / MSG / OFF
Default: DC
DC: DC supply voltage
MSG: Set by user. See below.
OFF: No Opening Message
Here’s how to program the Opening Message:
1. Set this Set Mode Item to “MSG.”
2. Press the [LOW(A/N)] key momentarily to enable programming of the opening message. You will notice the first character entry’s location blinking.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first letter/number of the message, then press the
[LOW(A/N)] key momentarily to save the first letter/number and move on to the next
character.
4. Repeat the previous step as necessary to complete the message (up to six characters).
5. If you make a mistake, press the [DW(REV)] key to back-space the cursor; now reenter the correct letter/number.
6. When you have entered the desired opening message, press the [MHz(SET)] key momentarily to confirm the message, then press and hold in the [MHz(SET)] key for one
second to save the settings and exit to normal operation.
32 PAGER
Function: Enables/Disables the Enhanced CTCSS Paging & Code Squelch function.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
33 PAG.ABK
Function: Enables/Disables the Answer Back function of the Enhanced CTCSS Paging &
Code Squelch function.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
34 PAG.CDR
Function: Setting the Receiver Pager Code for the Enhanced CTCSS Paging & Code Squelch
function.
See page 27 for details.
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35 PAG.CDT
Function: Setting the Transmitting Pager Code for the Enhanced CTCSS Paging & Code
Squelch function.
See page 27 for details.
36 PRG P1
Function: Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s [P1] key.
Available Values: ARTS / SQL OFF / WX CH / S SRCH / C SRCH / SCAN / T CALL or
one of the all Set mode items (except Set mode item #36 through 39; initial setting is “Set
mode item #13 DC VLT”).
Default: SQL OFF
37 PRG P2
Function: Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s [P2] key.
Available Values: ARTS / SQL OFF / WX CH / S SRCH / C SRCH / SCAN / T CALL or
one of the all Set mode items (except Set mode item #36 through 39; initial setting is “Set
mode item #16 DIMMER”).
Default: S SRCH
38 PRG P3
Function: Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s [P3] key.
Available Values: ARTS / SQL OFF / WX CH / S SRCH / C SRCH / SCAN / T CALL or
one of the all Set mode items (except Set mode item #36 through 39; initial setting is “Set
mode item #27 MCGAIN”).
Default: C SRCH
39 PRG P4
Function: Programming the function assigned to Microphone’s [P4] key.
Available Values: ARTS / SQL OFF / WX CH / S SRCH / C SRCH / SCAN / T CALL or
one of the all Set mode items (except Set mode item #36 through 39; initial setting is “Set
mode item #47 SKIP”).
Default: WX CH
40 PSWD
Function: Programs and activates the Password feature.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
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“SET” (MENU) MODE
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
41 RESUME
Function: Selects the Scan Resume mode.
Available Values: BUSY / HOLD / 3SEC / 5SEC / 10SEC
Default: BUSY
BUSY:
The scanner will hold until the signal disappears, then will resume
when the carrier drops.
HOLD:
The scanner will stop when a signal is received, and will not restart.
3SEC/5SEC/10SEC: The scanner will hold for the selected resume time, then resume whether
or not the other station is still transmitting.
42 RF SQL
Function: Adjusts the RF Squelch threshold level.
Available Values: S1 - S9 / OFF
Default: OFF
43 RPT
Function: Sets the Repeater Shift direction.
Available Values: –RPT / + RPT / SIMP
Default: SIMP
44 RVRT
Function: Enables/disables the “Priority Channel Revert” feature.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
45 S SRCH
Function: Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
Available Values: SINGLE / CNTNUE
Default: SINGLE
SINGLE: The transceiver sweeps the current band once in each direction, starting on the
current frequency. All channels where activity is present (up to 15 in each direction) are loaded into the Smart Search memories. Whether or not all 31 memories are filled, the search stops after one sweep in each direction.
CNTNUE: The transceiver makes a sweep in each direction as with the “SINGLE” mode,
but if all 31 channels are not filled after the first sweep, the radio continues
sweeping until they are all filled.
46 SHIFT
Function: Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
Available Values: 0.00 - 99.95 MHz
Default: 0.60 MHz
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MENU SELECTION DETAILS
47 SKIP
Function: Selects the Memory Scan mode.
Available Values: SKIP / ONLY / OFF
Default: OFF
SKIP: The scanner will “skip” the flagged channels during scanning.
ONLY: The scanner will only scan channels that are flagged (Preferential Scan List).
OFF: All memory channels will be scanned (the “flag” will be ignored).
48 SPLIT
Function: Enables/Disables split CTCSS/DCS coding.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
When this Set Mode Item is set to “ON,” you will see the following additional parameters
after the “RV TN” parameter while configuring Set Mode Item “49 SQL.TYP.”
D CODE: DCS Encode only.
T DCS: Encodes a CTCSS tone and Decodes a DCS code.
D TONE: Encodes a DCS code and Decodes a CTCSS tone.
49 SQL.TYP
Function: Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
Available Values: TONE / TSQL / DCS / RV TN / OFF
Default: OFF
TONE: CTCSS Encoder
TSQL: CTCSS Encoder/Decoder
DCS: Digital Coded Encoder/Decoder
RV TN: Reverse CTCSS Decoder (Mutes receiver when matching tone is received)
Note: See also Set Mode Item “48 SPLIT” regarding additional selections available during
“Split Tone” operation.
50 STEP
Function: Sets the Synthesizer steps.
Available Values: 5 / 10 / 12.5 / 15 / 20 / 25 / 50 / 100 kHz
Default: USA: 5 kHz, EXP: 12.5 kHz
51 TEMP
Function: Indicates the current temperature inside the transceiver’s case.
Note: Press the [D/MR(MW)] key repeatedly to toggle between Fahrenheit (°F) and Celsius (°C) display of the temperature.
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MENU SELECTION DETAILS
52 TN FRQ
Function: Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
Available Values: 50 standard CTCSS tones
Default: 100.0 Hz
CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
79.7
97.4
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
151.4
156.7
159.8
162.2
165.5
167.9
53 TOT
171.3
173.8
177.3
179.9
183.5
186.2
Function: Sets the Time-Out Timer.
189.9
192.8
196.6
199.5
203.5
206.5
Available Values: 1MIN / 3MIN / 5MIN /
210.7
218.1
225.7
229.1
233.6
241.8
10MIN / OFF
250.3
254.1
–
–
–
–
Default: 3MIN
The time-out timer shuts off the transmitter after continuous transmission of the programmed
time.
54 TS MUT
Function: Enables/Disables the receiver audio output while the Tone Search Scanner is
activated.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: ON
55 TS SPD
Function: Selects the Tone Search Scanner speed.
Available Values: FAST / SLOW
Default: FAST
56 VFO.SCN
Function: Selects the VFO Scanner Width.
Available Values: ±1MHz / ±2MHz / ±5MHz / ALL
Default: ALL
±1 MHz, ±2 MHz, ±5 MHz: The scanner will sweep frequencies within the selected bandwidth.
ALL:
The scanner will sweep all frequencies.
57 WX ALT
Function: Enables/Disables the Weather Alert feature.
Available Values: ON / OFF
Default: OFF
58 WX VOL
Function: Selects the audio output level of the Weather Alert Tone.
Available Values: NOR.VOL / MAX.VOL
Default: NOR.VOL
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MENU SELECTION DETAILS
59 W/N DV
Function: Reduction of the Microphone Gain/Deviation and receiver bandwidth.
Available Values: WIDE (±5 kHz Deviation, 15 kHz Bandwidth) / NARROW (±2.5 kHz
Deviation, 6 kHz Bandwidth)
Default: WIDE (±5 kHz Deviation, 15 kHz Bandwidth)
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
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NOTE
84
FT-1900R OPERATING MANUAL
1. Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by VERTEX
STANDARD could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
2. This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions; (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
3. The scanning receiver in this equipment is incapable of tuning, or readily
being altered, by the User to operate within the frequency bands allocated
to the Domestic public Cellular Telecommunications Service in Part 22.
Part 15.21: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by
Vertex Standard could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
DECLARATION BY MANUFACTURER
The Scanner receiver is not a digital scanner and is incapable of being converted
or modified to a digital scanner receiver by any user.
WARNING: MODIFICATION OF THIS DEVICE TO RECEIVE CELLULAR
RADIOTELEPHONE SERVICE SIGNALS IS PROHIBITED UNDER FCC RULES
AND FEDERAL LAW.
Copyright 2009
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
All rights reserved.
No portion of this manual
may be reproduced
without the permission of
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
Printed in China
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