Nov 2006

Nov 2006
The magazine for alumni and friends of Massey University • Issue 21 • November 2006
A fishy story
+
Ben Galbraith, illustrator
farmers’ markets
astrophysics
sports cars
www.massey.ac.nz
Among the various ‘firsts’ people remember,
one common to most university lecturers
will be the first time they stepped up to
the other side of the lectern, looked out
across the expectant faces of their students,
took an apprehensive breath, and uttered
the first sentence of their first lecture. I
certainly recall this event at the Melbourne
College of Advanced Education when I
faced a group of several hundred first-year
biology students. At least it was also a first
for them – their first university lecture
– and we both survived.
Back when I delivered my first lecture
there was little instruction available to us
about how to teach. Our appointments
affirmed that we understood our disciplines and we had, it was
supposed, spent enough time in the classroom before inspiring
teachers to know how good teaching was effected and, equally,
enough time with indifferent or sometimes legendarily bad teachers
to know how it was not.
Did we all decode what it takes to become a good teacher? With
this informal apprenticeship there were no guarantees.The process
was haphazard.
Even today, when you think about it, there is something odd
about the fact that we require a university graduate to sign up for
a year-long teacher’s training course before we allow him or her
to teach at a secondary school, whereas – except as required by
the individual university – a lecturer can take up employment with
little formal instruction in the business of teaching.1
How do we ensure that New Zealand tertiary students enjoy
the best possible standard of teaching? By
helping teachers teach as they would wish
to: to the best of their abilities.
This year the Tertiar y Education
Commission has funded New Zealand’s
first National Centre for Tertiary Teaching
Excellence. The $20 million initiative,
announced by Minister of Ter tiar y
Education Dr Michael Cullen in August,
is being run by a consortium of providers
led by Massey. The other providers
are AUT University, the University of
Canterbury, the Christchurch College of
Education, UCOL and Manukau Institute
of Technology. The centre will be based
on the Massey campus at Wellington with
regional hubs in Auckland, Christchurch and Palmerston North.
It will disseminate the latest research findings and best practice in
the area of tertiary teaching and learning as well as commissioning
research itself.
Will it create uniformly good teachers? No, the best teachers have
something that lies beyond diligently acquired, judiciously applied
technique. The teachers I most remember from my own days as a
student I remember for their personal qualities – they were the ones
who set out to challenge, to provoke, and to instil in their students
the lifelong love of learning they so evidently had.
On the other hand, while there is no standard template for a
good teacher, there are a host of ways to enable us to hone our
teaching skills. Hence the Centre for Tertiary Teaching Excellence,
an initiative to be welcomed.
1. At Massey, new academic staff who lack tertiary teaching experience are expected
to complete a teaching skills training program: The Teaching and Learning
Certificate.
Professor Judith Kinnear
Vice-Chancellor
MASSEY is published twice
yearly by Massey University,
Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston
North, New Zealand
www.massey.ac.nz
Copyright: You are generally
welcome to reproduce material
from MASSEY, provided you
first gain permission from the
editor.
Current news: For current news
from Massey University and
past issues of MASSEY visit
masseynews.massey.ac.nz.
Director of Communication and
Marketing:
Rachel Donald
[email protected]
Editor:
Malcolm Wood
[email protected]
Writers: Graeme Beal, Di Billing,
Professor Jenny Carryer,
Professor Glynnis Cropp,
Professor Paul Dunmore,
Makere Edwards, Leanne
Fecser, James Gardiner,
Stephanie Gray, Jennifer Little,
Patrick Morgan, Professor Tony
Signal, Helen Vause, Malcolm
Wood
Cover Art: Ben Galbraith
Photographers: Graeme Brown,
Doug Cole, Patrick Morgan,
Dionne Ward, David Wiltshire
Design: Grant Bunyan
Thanks to: Louise Cameron,
Amanda McAuliffe, Ian
Robertson
Thoughts
2 Painting by numbers
Accounting is something people do, and understanding
accounting helps us understand people in their social context,
writes Professor Peter Dunmore.
Letters
4 Tomtits on Tiritiri Matangi Island, MASSEY and readability.
Directions
5 News from around the University.
14
Cover Feature
14 A fishy story
How Ben Galbraith turned his final-year illustration project into a children’s best seller.
15 Let me illustrate
Penny Newman of Learning Media.
Feature
18 From gate to plate
Dr Alan Cameron explores the rise of farmers’ markets.
Extramural
19 A lovely day in Kyoto
Dana Batho lives, studies extramurally and blogs from her home
in Japan.
18
20 Chain reaction
Zak Williams’s quest to understand the fortunes of his employer,
the meatworks AFFCO, took him to a masterate in management.
In the family: Cars and Stars
22 Shifting forward
Simon Bate customises sports cars for Audi.
24 Starmaker
Professor Matthew Bate models the behaviour of stars and
planets.
Profile
22
27 Beer on the edge
Kawerau now has a boutique brewery thanks to food technology
graduates Tammy Viitakangas and Jaysen Magan.
Reviews
31 Where Fate Beckons:The Life of Jean-François de La Pérouse • Chalk
and Cheese • Classic New Zealand Poets in Performance • Stick Insects
• In the Face of the Enemy:The Victoria Cross and New Zealand
• Professional Thesis Presentation: A step-by-step guide to preparing
your thesis in Microsoft Word • Colonial Discourses: Niupepa Ma-ori
1855–1863
Notes and News
34 News from the Alumni Relations Office as well as from Massey’s
alumni around the globe.
First Person
44 Poetry and photography.
1
2
3
1. Kingsley Baird stands alongside his work The Cloak of Peace - Te Korowai Rangimarie
which is a gift to Nagasaki from the New Zealand Government and the Cities of
Christchurch, Auckland, Wellington, Napier and Waitakere. At press, Mr Baird, who
is perhaps best known for designing the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior in Wellington,
will be in Nagasaki to oversee the installation of the memorial. Coverage will feature
in the next issue.
2. Three-time Olympic gold medal winner and internationally regarded scientist Associate
Professor Peter Snell is a Massey University Foundation Fellow in Health and Exercise
Science in association with Telecom. Texas-based Dr Snell will next be visiting New
Zealand in May 2007.
3. The Love of Icarus by School of Design graduate Rodney Leong has won the 2006
Supreme World of Wearable Art Award. The work, which is made from 20,664 plastic
collar stays, was inspired by the quote “On certain night, when there is a full moon and
the stars lay cast out, a shadowy figure can be seen floating within the moon”.
Mr Leong holds a Diploma in Textile Design and a Diploma in Fashion Design and
Technology. In 2003 he was hand picked by international designer and judge Trelise
Cooper after she saw his work in the WOW Awards. His prize includes $10,000 cash,
$10,000 of travel and a trophy. Mr Leong was the runner-up in 2005.
Painting by Numbers
Accounting is something that people do, and understanding accounting helps to understand people in their social context, writes Professor
Paul Dunmore THOUGHTS
This is an edited version of Professor Dunmore’s inaugural lecture, delivered 26 July 2006
In July, Auckland International Airport Ltd
announced that its assets had been revalued as
at 30 June 2006. This more than doubled the
reported value of the assets and the owners’
investment. Nothing changed on the ground;
only the description changed.
Auckland Airport’s profit has been close
to 8 percent of assets for several years. To
preserve that reasonable return on a morethan-doubled investment, Auckland Airport
must more than double its profits in future.
If expenses stay the same, revenues must
increase by two-thirds to achieve that. Airlines
fear 1 that Auckland Airport will use this
accounting change as an excuse to justify
higher charges.
Auckland Airport can increase its charges
because of its near-monopoly power; other
airports in a weaker position would find
it harder to increase their charges whether
their assets are revalued or not. But the
airport’s accounting choice provides a story
to justify the increase. It would be hard for
the Commerce Commission to insist that the
airport’s shareholders should not receive an 8
percent return on their investment when they
could get 7 percent from a bank deposit.
New Zealand accounting standards
encourage, but do not require, organisations
to revalue their assets. Revaluation is most
commonly used by public sector bodies such
as universities, and by infrastructure companies
with a near-monopoly position. Companies
in highly competitive markets do not revalue
their assets because they cannot raise prices, so
revaluing would simply reduce their reported
profitability. In non-competitive markets,
however, revaluation provides an argument
to raise pr ices. 2 Because people regard
accounting as arcane and unchallengeable,
such decisions tend to pre-empt effective
debate about prices.
Many people find this astonishing and
vaguely corrupt. Surely accounting is a
practical, rule-based profession, focused on
trustworthy recording of facts? The reality is
far more interesting: accounting is something
that people do, and understanding accounting
helps to understand people in their social
context.
People employ accountants because what
accountants do is useful, providing information
for accountability, for economic decisionmaking, and for sharing resources.
Over time, practices have evolved that
have been found useful for these purposes.
Various principles and concepts have then
been inferred from these practices. However,
the principles are justified only because they
lead to useful practices. Regulators ignore
Professor Paul V Dunmore, Research Professor of Accounting,
Wellington.
the principles when they get in the way: for
example, when the International Accounting
Standards Board decided that they did not
want internally-generated brand names to be
recorded as assets, they simply changed the
definition of assets to achieve this.
Undergraduate accounting education focuses
on learning to do all this well: graduates should
be able to use well-established techniques, to
understand applicable standards, and to be
familiar with the underlying theories, all backed
with the beginnings of sound judgement.
Academic research, however, contributes little
to improvement of accounting practice; at most,
academics research and disseminate information
on approaches that have been developed by
practitioners.3
Practical accounting procedures have
sometimes had extraordinary intellectual power,
by the way. Both the idea of writing and the idea
of pure number (“three” as distinct from “three
sheep”) emerged from accounting techniques
in Mesopotamia around 3500BC.4 And the
debit and credit convention of bookkeeping,
which was clearly in wide use when Pacioli
described it in 1494, provided a way of working
with negative numbers centur ies before
mathematicians accepted the idea that numbers
could be less than nothing.
The profession of accounting thus resembles
other useful professions such as engineering.
But engineering must cope with an unforgiving
physical world: if a bridge is not strong enough,
it will fall down. If Auckland Airport’s profit is
wrong by $10 million, however, it is unlikely
that anyone will ever find out. Indeed, there
is no “real” profit figure against which the
reported number can be tested.
So accounting is less like engineering than it
is like the arts of biography or portraiture. It is
not just that there is room for judgement and
interpretation: they are essential features of
the activity.The cash which Auckland Airport
holds is objectively measurable, but very little
else in the accounts is. Some part of the value
of the buildings and equipment was used up in
the year’s activities, for example, but nobody
can know how much because nobody can yet
know how long those assets will actually last.
Different reasonable estimates lead to different
reasonable figures for the firm’s profit.
The decisions needed to prepare the
financial statements begin with what facts
are correct, of course; but beyond that, what
judgements must be made, what should be
emphasised, what downplayed, and what
omitted? Broadly, what artistic conventions
should be followed? Good accountants make
a serious effort to produce an honest portrait
(“a true and fair view” in the legal phrase).
But there is no single correct portrait.
The accounting portrait concentrates on
resources and the use made of them during
a period. Auckland Airport’s balance sheet
lists the resources controlled at 30 June, and
the claims on those resources by creditors
and by owners. The income statement shows
the resources generated and used by the
company during the year ending on that
date. The firm generated more resources (by
providing valuable services to its customers)
than it consumed (in employees’ time, in the
consumption of services of its buildings and
runways, and so forth). The difference is the
profit (EBIT) of the enterprise, the increase in
wealth of society resulting from the airport’s
operations. In the most recent financial year
that was $201 million, which was divided
between the lenders, Inland Revenue, and
the shareholders. The net social benefit of
Auckland Airport’s activities is even greater
than this, because many customers would have
been willing to pay more, and many suppliers
and employees willing to accept less, than the
actual transaction prices.
But much is missing from the portrait.
First, there is nothing about risk. What risks
Auckland Airport bears, what have been
offloaded on to others, and how these changed
during the year are all unmeasured. Further,
there is no mention of the externalities
of the operations, such as noise pollution,
greenhouse gas emissions, and road traffic
directed through city neighbourhoods.These
costs do not fall on Auckland Airport, or they
would be recorded in its accounts, but fall on
society more generally.
So we cannot be sure that Auckland
Airport’s activities actually produced $201
million of net social benefits. But there are
no good practices for dealing with these
THOUGHTS
Net income class
The distribution of net income scaled by market value (tails truncated).
problems. Accountants fall back on writing
pages of descriptive notes, but that is only a
clumsy second-best.
Another important problem is that the
portrait is painted by the management of the
company itself. A major theme of accounting
research over the past few decades has been to
understand the effects of the self-interest of
various parties in both biasing the self-portrait
and in misusing the results.
For example, there is evidence that
managers try to ensure that their firm will
meet profit targets (at a minimum, will avoid
reporting losses).The picture above5 suggests
that firms are less likely than one would
expect to report small losses, and more likely
to report small profits. Perhaps managers tend
to airbrush the portrait or even take actions
that may cause real damage to the firm,
such as delaying maintenance, advertising,
staff training, or research, to ensure that the
reported profit will look good.
But perhaps the most interesting function
of accounting is its role in creating the social
relationships in which we live. Homo sapiens
evolved in society: our ancestors were social
before they were human. But the emergence
of large social structures required people to
interact with each other by conceptualising
relationships with their social institutions, not
just with each other.
To put this simply, Massey University exists
because we all agree to act as though it does.
Students turn up to courses expecting that
lecturers whom they have not met will come
to teach them, and will be competent to do
so. Lecturers turn up to teach expecting that
some payroll administrator will ensure they
get paid. We speak of Massey University
as though it were real; and legally, it exists
because an Act of Parliament says it does.
But at bottom it is individuals that interact
with each other, often without knowing each
other; their shared idea of Massey University
mediates that interaction.
Accounting plays an essential role in making
this possible. Partly it coordinates the actions
of many individuals so that they can work
together for a common goal. But beyond that,
accounting systems structure organisations in
particular ways by making us think about them
in particular ways.
An early example is the development of the
concept of a business enterprise itself.6 One
cannot create an enterprise distinct from the
family until one can conceive of such a thing.
The double-entry bookkeeping system was
developed among the merchant families of the
early Renaissance, originally as a technology
for checking clerical accuracy. Fundamental
to the system was the balance sheet, listing the
resources and the claims on the resources. For
these to be equal, one of the claims had to be
the owners’ equity in the business.
This technology led the merchants to think
about the enterprise as a thing which the family
owned, rather than as an activity of the family,
and then to think of the enterprise as having
its own financial status and prospects, as being
something which one could invest in, could
lend to, or could buy. Without the accounting
system, that idea might never have emerged.
Today, if one wishes to create a company,
one of the few formal requirements of the
Companies Act is to keep proper accounts.
Before forming the company, decisions are
needed on the accountability relationships: who
are to be the owners, and who shall be directors
to run the company on behalf of its owners and
account to them for what has been done.These
decisions can be postponed when creating an
informal club or unincorporated business, but
they must be resolved before the club grows
to the size where its members can no longer
interact informally. Any large organisation
needs an accountability system, which can
be implemented only through some system
of accounting.
The more recent emergence of largescale capital markets has given accounting
new kinds of reality-creating roles, such as
the rating of companies’ ability to pay their
debts. Major banks now use accountingbased models to rate their borrowers: a firm
scored as being too risky will not be extended
further credit, which itself is likely to cause
it to collapse. So an accounting portrait
showing that a firm is in difficulty is likely
to precipitate that difficulty by affecting the
behaviour of lenders.
And so we come back to Auckland
Airport, and the portrait which creates an
argument for raising prices. Accounting
is a sophisticated social invention, used
in sophisticated ways. It is an agent of
cooperation, of conflict, and of creativity. As
a practical technology, it aims for a fair but
not unique portrait of an organisation, unit,
or activity. Inevitably, the portrait is rough
and ready – it is painting by numbers, not by
Vermeer. Precisely because the portrait is not
unique, there are opportunities for people
to present it or to use it in ways that benefit
them, by creating a particular reality to which
others in society respond. Research into
this seemingly uncomplicated technology
leads to some remarkably interesting insights
into how humans organise themselves in a
complex society.
Hembry, O. (2006). Airport boost stirs fears of higher charges.
New Zealand Herald (July 25).
1
A rough calculation suggests that about $2.5 million of Massey
University’s reported expenses comprise the depreciation of
revalued fixed assets. (For some other universities, the figure
is much greater.) To achieve a given surplus target, Massey
must raise an extra $2.5 million of annual revenue to offset
this voluntary expense. Historically, universities justified
fee increases by the need to cover their expenses; although
domestic fees are now capped, the same arguments are used
to lobby for increased Government funding.
2
Two significant exceptions are the invention of dollar-unit
sampling techniques to assist auditors, and the invention of
bankruptcy prediction models. But such exceptions are rare,
and even in these cases practitioners had begun developing
the techniques that academic researchers perfected.
3
Schmandt-Besserat, D. (1986). An ancient token system: The
precursor to numerals and writing. Archaeology 39: 32-39. A
step along the way to writing was the storage of clay tokens
inside baked clay envelopes, on which impressions were made
to indicate what tokens were inside. I confidently expect that
archaeologists will eventually discover an envelope bearing
impressions of ten tokens, but with only five tokens inside:
the first accounting fraud.
4
Dechow, P.M., Richardson, S.A, & Tuna, I. (2003). Why Are
Earnings Kinky? An Examination of the Earnings Management
Explanation. Review of Accounting Studies 8: 355–384.
5
Rosenberg, N. & Birdzell, L.E. (1986) How the West grew rich:
the economic transformation of the industrial world. NY: Basic
Books.
6
LETTERS
Editor’s note: Within the constraints of the space
available, MASSEY welcomes letters from readers.
Email the editor at [email protected]
The election of Hamas
Following publication of the April issue of MASSEY,
two of our readers, Rodney Brooks and Tim Goodman,
wrote thoughtful letters questioning Dr Nigel Parsons’s
views on the election of Hamas. I had intended to
publish these together with Dr Parsons’s replies, but
events have moved on in the Middle East to the point
that it no longer seems productive to do so.
Songlines
Thank you to those of our readers who wrote in
about bellbirds or who contacted Associate Professor
Dianne Brunton. In particular, thank you to Hugh
Kellarex who has written to MASSEY about the
role of native birds in insect control and my apologies
for lacking the space to print it here.
Tomtits on Tiritiri Matangi
Island
In the article ‘Songlines’ about the status of the
New Zealand bellbird, it was briefly stated that
the tomtits translocated to Tiritiri Matangi Island
had flown back to the mainland. Barbara Hughes,
of the Supporters of Tiritiri Matangi, who led
the translocation team has written to correct me.
(References such as “RM-GM” refer to banding
colours.)
Along with robin, kokako, fernbird and tuatara
introductions since the takahe introduction to
Tiritiri Matangi Island, North Island tomtits
were introduced in April 2004.
Only one bird known as ‘Mr RG’,
RM-GM, was found to have flown back to
the Hunuas. All of the translocated tomtit
territories in the Hunuas have been searched
on a number of visits over the past two years
to ensure that further translocated birds have
not returned to their original territories.
Occasional sightings of banded tomtits
have been made on Tiritiri Matangi since
the translocation. This year there have been a
number of sightings including the following.
4 January: A female tomtit is observed on
the Wattle Track.
20 January: At the corner of Ridge and
Emergency Landing Tracks a family was
observed of four tomtits with the male having
bands.
5 March: A guide with a guiding group heard
a single sharp call and observed a male tomtit
with bands that identified the bird to be ‘Vic’
(RM-YB).
7 March: A guide identified a female tomtit
with a band in Bush 1.
21April: A male bird was observed by a guide
in the Wattle Track near the Blackmores seat.
11 May: A male bird was observed near the
middle trough on the Wattle Track.
Go further with a Massey
BUSINESS BRIEF
Short courses from the Massey University Graduate School of Business
Attend a one or two day Business Brief at
Auckland, Palmerston North or Wellington
or
Design a Business Brief for your organisation at your location.
email: [email protected]
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS
Te Kunanga
ki Purehuroa
shortcourses.massey.ac.nz
19 May: a tomtit call was heard near the wharf
dam by an SoTM committee member.
These sightings and evidence of calls indicate
that banded tomtits from the 2004 translocation
are on Tiri and may be breeding.
MASSEY and readability
I very much enjoy your publication, but
I have one ‘gr ipe’, and that is with the
presentation.
I recently attended a contact course where
I noted that six of the attendees were over
70 and only two were under forty; put in
percentage terms 30 percent were over 70
and 90 percent were over 40. If 90 percent of
your readers are over 40 – which I think is
probably the case – then a large majority of
your readers will suffer from some form or
visual impairment that will need correction
by spectacles, and this br ings me to my
argument.
The major problems that affect people
with low vision impairment are three when
it comes to reading: contrast, print size and
glare. In some sections of the most recent
MASSEY you fail abysmally on all three
counts. Let us take your article ‘Leaving the
Beat’; I, who have a minor visual impairment
(+1 correction), could not actually see the
questions on the first page, so the article made
no sense. Why? Because for some aesthetic
reason you chose monochromatic blue for
both the background and print. Add to this
the glare of the glossy paper and print so small
I required a magnifier, and there is a chance
that you have denied a large number of your
readers the pleasure of reading this article.
Shame on you!
I’m looking forward to your next improved
edition.
— Adrian Pole
I agree with you that in retrospect the design
treatment given to the interview with Rob Robinson
was inappropriate, and as someone who himself fits
within the spectacle-wearing 40-plus demographic, I
ought to have known better. Shame indeed.
On the issue of font size, again, I agree, although
clearly there is a compromise between readability and
my desire – which I am sure you will understand – to
shoehorn as much content as I can into these pages.
Look for changes in the April 2007 issue.
NO, REALLY, BE HONEST...
What do you think of Massey - the university
and the eponymous magazine? What is the
magazine doing well? What are we doing
poorly? How do you view the University?
Visit masseynews.massey.ac.nz and fill in the
online questionnaire by Friday 8 December 2006
to be in the draw for a $100 book voucher.
Directions
Consortium wins contract for new tertiary teaching centre
New Zealand’s first Centre for Tertiary Teaching
Excellence is to be set up at Massey as part of a
$20 million government initiative to boost the
quality of teaching in all branches of the postschool education sector.
A Massey-led consortium won the contract to
establish the centre and run it for five years.
The consortium includes AUT University,
the University of Canterbury, Christchurch
College of Education, the Universal College of
Learning, and Manukau Institute of Technology.
It was selected ahead of a consortium led by
Victoria University.
The centre will focus on supporting the
development of teaching expertise across the
Massey Research Medalists
Early Career
UCOL CEO Paul McElroy with Massey’s Gordon Suddaby
and Professor Tom Prebble.
tertiary sector. Based at Massey’s Wellington
campus, it will have regional hubs in Auckland,
Christchurch and Palmerston North.
Dr Sarah Ross
modern English literature
Early Career
Disaster research centre established
A new research centre established by the
University and GNS Science aims to better
prepare New Zealand to cope with natural
disasters.
Based at the School of Psychology on the
Wellington campus, the joint Centre for Disaster
Research concentrates the skills of psychologists,
sociologists, planners, geologists, risk assessors,
Ma-ori researchers, and economists from both
organisations.
Dr Barbara Holland
evolutionary genetics
Individual Researcher
Research, Science and Technology Minister Steve Maharey,
GNS Science chairman Con Anastasiou, Vice-Chancellor
Professor Judith Kinnear and GNS Science chief executive
Dr Alex Malahoff.
Professor David Lambert
evolutionary genetics
Marsden
Funding
Professor Peter Schwerdtfeger from the
Institute of Fundamental Sciences has won
Marsden funding of $290,000 a year for three
years. He will be using quantum mechanics
to calculate the miniscule energy differences
between different mirror-image asymmetric
molecules.
Five other Massey researchers received
Marsden grants in this year’s funding round, and
five researchers were given Fast Start Funding.
What is mirror asymmetry? Think of a lefthanded and a right-handed glove. No matter
how you twist and turn it, a left-handed glove
can never be superimposed over its righthanded counterpart. This handedness has
practical consequences. Different enantiomers
of the same molecule may smell or taste quite
different or have different pharmaceutical
Supervisor
effects. Most of life’s molecular constituents
exhibit handedness. Life as we know it is built
around left-handed amino acids and righthanded simple sugars.
The Marsden and Fast Start funds are
administered by the Royal Society of New
Zealand.
The Marsden grant recipients for 2006 are
Dr Leon Huynen, Professor Schwerdtfeger, Dr
Jan Schmid together with Dr Barbara Holland,
Dr Adriane Rini, Professor Ian Evans and Dr
Evelyn Sattleger.
The Fast Start grant recipients for 2006 are
Dr Patrick Dulin, Dr Armaz Aschrafi, Dr Shane
Telfer, Dr Sarah Ross and Dr Nikki Hesell.
For links through to Massey’s latest research
magazine (downloadable as a PDF) visit
research.massey.ac.nz
Dr Robyn Munford
social policy and social work
Research Team
Centre for Public Health Research
public health research
Directions
Manawatu Microscopy and Imaging Centre
Simply the Best
Massey’s Palmerston North campus is in the process of setting up a new
$1.5 million Manawatu Microscopy and Imaging Centre. The facility
will be available for staff and students at Massey, neighbouring CRIs,
and other research institutes and hospitals in the greater Manawatu
region.
The centre will be based around two new state-of-the-art machines:
a confocal microscope, which allows precisely focused 3D images of
structures such as chromosomes; and an environmental scanning electron
microscope (ESEM), which allows detailed examination of non-treated,
live tissue. The centre will also include new computer-based imaging
equipment, and will house a transmission electron microscope (TEM),
which is currently located at HortResearch.
The initiative is funded by a grant from the Tertiary Education
Commission’s Innovation Development Fund.
A solar-powered electric fence and an
electronic medication dispensing system
are among a slew of winning entries from
Massey staff and students in the annual Design
Institute “Best” awards.
The 2006 Best Product Design Award
in the student category was won by 2005
g raduate John Lee, for an electronic
medication dispensing unit (pictured top
right) designed to reduce medication errors.
In the Open category, a solar panel electricfence charger designed by Professor Tony
Parker and produced for Gallagher Animal
Management Systems (pictured at right) was
judged best product in the non-consumer
section. In the Exhibition section, design
lecturers Matthijs Siljee and Hanne van Beek
won the award for “Words and Images from
the Netherlands”, mounted in the Great
Hall of the University’s Wellington campus
last year using five-metre-high stacks of
industrial pallets.
In the Student category, interior design
student Gareth Rutherford won the spatial
section for a proposed Ma- ori cultural
centre on Wellington’s waterfront, and in
the Industrial Design section three students
were highly commended: Samari Brownie,
for his “Diverge” audio-visual composer, a
new concept in playing and experiencing
electronic music; Jake Woodward for his
“Cool-fan” firefighter’s breathing apparatus;
and David Gatfield for a quick release
backpack design. Ryan Overeem was highly
commended in the Website and Interactive
Media section, while Ange Luke was highly
commended in both the Graphic and the Self
Promotion sections.
The Best awards have been an annual event
for the past decade. This year there were 535
entries in four sections.
Professor Yusuf Chisti stands alongside two newly commissioned bioreactors. The
bioreactors and their PC2-level containment facility complement recently-acquired
equipment for recovering biological products. Professor Chisti is researching the use of
biocatalysts – biotech microorganisms, animal and plant cells, enzymes, and subcellular
components – to produce novel bioactive substances, vaccines, potential therapeutics,
diagnostic antibodies and other high-value products.
$1 million grant for liquor advertising research
A three-year study to assess the impact of alcohol advertising on young
New Zealanders is about to get under way, following a grant of just over
$1 million from the Health Research Council to the University’s Centre
for Social and Health Outcomes Research and Evaluation.
The study will involve 2000 teenagers from the Auckland region,
and will include European, Ma-ori, Asian and Pacific Island pupils from
city and country secondary schools.
The centre’s quantitative team leader, Taisia Huckle, says the
longitudinal study will focus on 13-year-olds and follow their
development through to age 15.
The impact of alcohol advertising will be measured alongside other
factors such as peer group pressure, parental influence, availability of
alcohol and socioeconomic influences.
Centre researchers will also talk to alcohol marketing and advertising
representatives for an up-to-date appraisal of market approaches and
attitudes.
EXPOSURE ’06 See the best work of graduating design
and fine arts students at Exposure 2006, from 10–19 November in
Wellington and 14–15 November in Auckland.
Visit http://exposure.massey.ac.nz for details and previews.
Her family members were not going to miss seeing Peggy Chiu get her PhD at the April
graduation on the Auckland campus, so they flew in from Hong Kong, Vancouver and Toronto
for the occasion. Dr Chiu is the youngest of eight children born in Hong Kong, all of whom
are pictured here, as well as a niece, a nephew, and – rather obscured by family members
– her husband, New Zealander Roger Smith. Mr Smith has a masterate in anthropology from
Massey and is now studying history. The couple have a lifestyle block in Northland and
commute to an apartment in Albany to focus on their academic life. “We have the best of
both worlds,” Dr Chiu says. Her PhD in management investigated how the personal values
of small shareholders influence their investment decisions.
Directions
Business student remembered with
award
Aviation student James Catty has a very good reason to
remember a Massey business studies student who died
almost 20 years ago.
Craig Merryweather was murdered while hitchhiking
in the South Island in 1987. His body was found two
years later in bush near the Lindis Pass. His three killers
were jailed for life.
Craig’s parents, Beth and David Merryweather,
decided to use the life insurance money paid out after
his death to establish a scholarship for a student at the
then newly established Massey University School of
Aviation.
“Craig loved flying passionately,” says Mr Merryweather. “He had flown solo at the Walsh
Memorial Flying School in Matamata and talked about it constantly. We have a feeling that once
Massey had established an aviation school, he would have switched from studying business to
studying aviation.
“We also didn’t want the money – it was blood money. We felt we would rather it was used
constructively to help a young student succeed in an aviation career.”
James Catty was awarded the Craig Merryweather Memorial Scholarship at the school’s Wings
graduation ceremony at the Palmerston North campus. The Wings ceremony acknowledges a
landmark point in study towards a Bachelor of Aviation, including the achievement of a commercial
pilots’ licence.
Mr and Mrs Merryweather live in Auckland. This is the first time since the scholarship was
established that they have come to Palmerston North to award the scholarship and meet the
successful recipient.
The ceremony was attended by Air Commodore Stuart McIntyre RNZAF (Ret’d) who had close
associations with the School of Aviation and helped establish the Craig Merryweather scholarship.
Air Commodore McIntyre was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University in 2000.
Flair for colour earns trip to Belfast
Textile design student Amy Van Luijk won
a trip to Belfast in October for the finals
of the “Colour in Design” competition run
by the International Society of Dyers and
Colourists.
The competition, sponsored by department
store chain Marks and Spencers carries a
first prize of £1000 and attracted nearly 400
student entries from 10 countries.
Ms Van Luijk, 20, is one of six finalists and
the only one from outside Britain.
The br ief simply asked that students
produce work that uses colour creatively,
imaginatively and originally to produce a
distinctive piece of work.
Ms Van Luijk says her entry – four samples
of textiles for upholstery or soft furnishings
– was inspired by Wellington’s city lights.
She is in the second year of a Bachelor
of Design, majoring in textile design, and
thrilled to be a finalist in the international
competition.
“It’s an amazing opportunity, and I’m
working hard to get my course work done
before October.”
She created her designs while studying the
dyeing and colouration paper taught by textile
lecturer Penni Wakelin, who says Ms Van Luijk
has a natural flair for colour.
Five judges interviewed Ms Van Luijk by
phone. The winner was to be announced
on 13 October at the Society’s Colour
Conference, held in Belfast this year.
The Society of Dyers and Colourists is an
international professional society specialising
in colour in all its manifestations. Founded in
1884, it aims to advance the science of colour
in the broadest sense.
At the J40 journalism reunion. From top: Kelly Burns and
Dan Burns, current students at the School of Journalism,
help Chris Cole-Catley (who headed the school from 1968
to 1972) cut the cake; Sean Plunket ’83 and Mark Sainsbury
’83; Geoffrey Baylis, a former editor of the Dominion and the
Listener and the recipient of an honorary doctorate; Paul
Cutler ’69; Noel Harrison, founding head of the Journalism
School, with Chris Cole-Catley.
Directions
After life-saving surgery, three days in intensive care,
and a convalescence that included a visit from the
Deputy Prime Minister, stabbed police dog Edge is back
at home in Hawke’s Bay with his handler Constable
Dave Whyte.
On the morning of 6 June 26-month-old German
Shepherd was flown to Massey’s veterinary teaching
hospital from Hastings after being stabbed twice in
the chest by a man police confronted on a farm at
Maraekakaho, Hawke’s Bay. One stab wound missed
Edge’s heart by millimetres, the other pierced his liver,
“It was really looking grim for a while, and I didn’t
think he was going to make it, especially as at the scene
of the attack he was totally unresponsive and bleeding
profusely,” Constable Whyte said.
During his time at the hospital, Edge enjoyed many
visits from veterinary students, and a special visit from
Deputy Prime Minister Michael Cullen.
On the occasion of Edge’s final check up, Eastern
District commander Superintendent Grant Nicholls
presented veterinary surgeon Associate Professor
Barbara Kirby with a certificate and his heartfelt
thanks.
At the New Zealand Wildlife Health Centre a native shorttailed bat from a population on Kapiti Island undergoes an
examination by veterinarians to determine the cause of
severe dermatitis that has damaged its ears. The species
is rare and found only in New Zealand. The condition
is serious because it interferes with the bats ability to
echolocate.
Top women designers
celebrated
Norsewear art award for
master’s student
Graphic designer Sarah Jackson is the supreme
winner of this year’s Zonta Design Awards.
The award was bestowed by GovernorGeneral Dame Silvia Cartwright. Ms Jackson,
who is now working for Clemenger Design,
described herself as being on cloud nine.
Sarah Peters of the Zonta International
Club of Wellington says Zonta, a women’s
service organisation, established the awards
in partnership with the University and five
leading businesses to recognise the top women
graduates in their field of design, to promote
design as a career for young women, and to
acknowledge the status of women already in
the design field.
The five design category winners for this
year were: Emma Boyd, Industrial Design,
sponsored by Weta Workshop; Sally Ford,
Photographic Design, sponsored by Imagelab;
Briar Hickling, Interior Design, sponsored
by Limited Editions; Sarah Jackson, Graphic
Design, sponsored by Clemenger Design;
Emily Miller-Sharma, Fashion and Textile
Design, sponsored by Rembrandt Suits.
Ms Jackson received $5000 while the
winners in four other design fields received
$1000.
Master’s student Israel Birch, Nga- Puhi, is the
joint winner of the two-dimensional category
of the 2006 Norsewear Art Awards.
His two-metre by two-metre winning
artwork, The Golden Oriori, is a tribute to his
baby daughter Cyan Waipuri-Birch. Centred
on the canvas, the glowing sphere of fiery
red and orange ink is heavily layered and
lacquered and text is embedded between
layers. Mr Birch is inspired by the spiritual
and scientific elements of sound and music,
and this latest piece is shaped round an oriori
– a lullaby.
In his final year of the Ma-ori Visual Arts
Master’s programme under the leadership
of Professor Robert Jahnke, Mr Birch has
developed and fine-tuned a distinctive style
of ink and lacquer painting on stainless steel
in the past two years.
He has begun work on convex steel
canvases, in an exploration of the threedimensional, and will take his final Master’s
show to his hometown for an exhibition at
the Hawke’s Bay Museum in October.
He is the joint winner alongside Richard
Lewer. The two artists share the major prize
of $20,000.
Clothing from the Waste Not, Want Not collection by design
graduates Kate Hastilow and Renaya Lloyd. The two fashion
designers were the only New Zealand designers accepted into
the New and Emerging category shown at the Fashion Exposed
show in Melbourne in September.
Ms Hastilow is currently studying towards her Master’s
degree, while Ms Lloyd works as a design assistant at a major
clothing company.
“Our label is called Everyone We Know, because our clothes
are for people we know – our mums, aunties and friends,” says
Ms Hastilow. “We want to produce a high-end street label that
is wearable, beautiful, quirky and affordable.”
The pair is also making ranges of T-shirts and jewellery,
and has signed up five stockists in the South Island and one in
Wellington.
Ms Hastilow says they plan to launch a new collection at New
Zealand Fashion Week in 2007.
Directions
MacDiarmid Young Scientist of the Year awards
Damien Fleetwood, winner of the Adding
Value to Nature category. A PhD student
in the Institute of Molecular BioSciences
(Palmerston North), Mr Fleetwood is based at
crown research institute AgResearch.
Mr Fleetwood is exploring how fungi and
grass combine to poison grazing animals. It
focuses on the interaction between grass and
a fungus it hosts (the Epichloë endophyte) in
a relationship Mr Fleetwood describes as a
double-edged sword.
“Grass infected with the endophyte is
protected from many insect pests but at the
same time many strains produce toxic chemicals,
including one called ergovaline, that are designed
to stop the grass being eaten because they are
toxic to grazing stock,” he says.
Animals that eat endophyte-infected grass
producing ergovaline suffer effects ranging
from poor weight gain to gangrene and death,
at a potential cost of millions of dollars to the
agricultural industries each year.
Mr Fleetwood’s work has helped identify
a cluster of six genes that are responsible for
producing the toxic chemical ergovaline and
built up new knowledge about how they work
and when the genes are switched on and off.
“Ultimately this will help us maximise the
good agricultural effects of endophytes and
minimise the bad ones,” he says.
Hayley Lawrence, commended in the
Understanding Planet Earth category.
A PhD student in the Allan Wilson Centre
for Molecular Ecology and Evolution at the
Auckland campus, Ms Lawrence is developing
techniques to help locate the burrows of the
Chatham Island taiko, one of the world’s most
endangered seabirds.
It is estimated that there are between 120 and
140 birds remaining, with only 14 breeding pairs
on the Chatham Islands.
Ms Lawrence’s research on the behaviour
and interactions of the rare bird in the wild
involves the use of taiko (magenta petrel) blood
samples that will provide genetic identification
for each bird.
These genetic identifiers will help researchers
track birds to the family nest in underground
burrows. When nests are found, improved
trapping and poisoning of predators can be
carried out to protect the critically endangered
species.
A predator proof fence has already been built
around an area on the Chatham Islands to create
a safe breeding ground for taiko.
Ms Lawrence says she hopes her project will
also improve conservation efforts to establish a
new colony. Her research is supported by the
Department of Conservation.
Rising house costs leads to more renters
Surveys by the University’s Real Estate Analysis
Unit appear to confirm a growing shift from
home ownership to rental accommodation.
The residential rental market quarterly
survey for June 2006 shows an increasing rental
population, based on tenancy bonds recorded
by the Department of Building and Housing.
Year to year figures show that the numbers
of tenancy bonds lodged with department have
increased 50 percent since 1995 to more than
150,000 last year.
Professor Bob Hargreaves, who prepared the
survey, says the results of the five-yearly Census,
due out later this year, will provide the most
reliable data on the percentage of households
renting and those owning. He says an ongoing
decline in home ownership is most likely to
be revealed.
That decline is already showing up in
statistics in the unit’s rental market survey for
the June quarter.
“In the absence of hard data from the Census,
there is a clear trend emerging in the bond
centre data,” Professor Hargreaves says.
“The statistics show rental tenancies
increasing at a faster rate than the rate of growth
in the population. From a policy perspective
this trend, likely to be confirmed by the Census,
has implications for home ownership.”
The biochemistry behind Tb
The latest breakthrough in the fight against
tuberculosis (Tb) has come from PhD student
Celia Webby (pictured). Working in the
Institute of Fundamental Sciences, Ms Webby
has solved the atomic structure of an enzyme
that the Tb bacterium needs to survive. This
may pave the way for new antibiotics to fight
the disease.
Ms Webby is under the supervision of
Associate Professor Emily Parker and Professor
Ted Baker, director of the Centre for Molecular
Biodiscovery at the University of Auckland.
The centre has several projects under way
to determine the protein structure of the
Tb bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis,
but researchers were having difficulty
characterising the particular bacterial enzyme
known as DAH7PS.
Design Junction project wins
TEC funding
A research project that will build the design
capability of small firms in Wellington has
been awarded $383,470.
Associate Professor Claire Massey, Director
of the SME Research Centre, says the project
will develop a new approach to fostering
links between organisations that have design
knowledge and expertise.
It will include those involved in economic
development, business development, training
and education of the owners of small firms,
and design experts.
The project team includes Dr Martin
Perry from the College of Business, and
from the College of Creative Arts, Dr
Anders Warell, Amanda Bill, and Professor
Duncan Joiner. Also involved are Charles
Finny, Wellington Regional Chamber of
Commerce; Batch Hales, NZIM; and Paul
Mather,WelTec. Design Junction is one of 12
projects funded from the Tertiary Education
Commission’s Growth and Innovation Pilot
Initiative.This funding promotes the sharing
of knowledge and expertise between the
education and industry sectors.
Directions
Party pills survey fuels debate
Research on legal party pill use in New Zealand
by the University’s Centre for Social and
Health Outcomes Research and Evaluation
(SHORE) has been cited by both proponents
and opponents of the pills to back their
arguments.
Opponents want the pills either outlawed or
their sales further restricted. Proponents argue
the pills are a safer alternative to illicit drugs,
such as speed and ecstasy.
T h e p i l l s ’ m a i n a c t ive i n g re d i e n t s
are benzylpiperazine (BZP), which has
an effect similar to amphetamine, and
triflourophenylmethylpiperazine (TFMPP),
which has an effect similar to ecstasy.
Since June last year BZP has been classified
as a class D drug under the Misuse of Drugs
Act, restricting its sale to those 18 and older
and prohibiting advertising in mainstream news
media of products containing it.
The pills have been sold under a variety of
names for more than a decade but have become
increasingly popular in the past six years.
The aims of the taxpayer-funded survey
were to identify levels and patterns of use and
demographics of users, their use of other drugs,
any harm or problems associated with use, to
gauge availability, and explore the role of party
pills both as a possible gateway into illicit drug
use and as a possible alternative to or gateway
out of using illicit drugs.
A random survey of 2010 people aged 13
– 45 years was conducted in February and
March this year.
It found that one in five had tried legal party
pills and two in five (40 percent) of 18 to 29year-olds. Men were more likely to have tried
them than women (24 percent, compared with
17 percent) and Ma-ori were more likely to
have tried them than non-Ma-ori (26 percent
compared with 19 percent).
Study leader Dr Chris Wilkins says he is
surprised at the number of people who have
taken or are taking party pills. Based on previous
research on amphetamine use, he expected a
figure closer to 5 percent.
Of those who had ever taken party pills, 61
percent said they had stopped taking them in
the past year, 8 percent said they were taking
more pills than before, 15 percent said they
were using fewer and 16 percent said they were
taking the same quantities of pills in the past
year as previously.
The full study can be found at the SHORE website:
www.shore.ac.nz
New Zealand families truly global
A new study reports that around one in five
people living in New Zealand were not born
here and around 20 percent of people born
here are believed to be living overseas.
The study, Families et Whānau sans Frontières
– New Zealand and Trans-national Family
Obligation, was carried out by a team of
Massey researchers, led by Dr Niel Lunt at the
University’s Albany-based School of Social
and Cultural Studies. It was commissioned by
the Families Commission Blue Skies Fund,
which provides grants for innovative research
on family issues.
10
The study shows how the ethnicity of New
Zealand’s population has changed over the
years, with a growing number of migrants
from Asia, the Middle East, sub Saharan Africa
and more New Zealand-born people with a
Pacific heritage. It is estimated that in a little
over 15 years there will be a million people
living in New Zealand who are of Pacific or
Asian ethnicity.
Dr Lunt says there is a need for social
policy to address the many issues faced by
transnational families.
Download the report from http://www.nzfamilies.org.nz
More evidence that ‘light’
smokes fool the smoker
‘L GHT’
A new survey confirms that many smokers
are fooling themselves about the benefits of
so-called light cigarettes.
788 people from South Australia and
New South Wales were interviewed by
telephone.
The survey, conducted by Professor Janet
Hoek from Massey and Associate Professor
Rachel Kennedy and Jeremy Tustin from
the University of South Australia, coincided
with both countries’ ratification of the
World Health Organisation Framework
Convention on Tobacco Control, which
calls on signatories to review the descriptors
used on cigarette packets.
In Australia several tobacco companies
have voluntarily undertaken to eliminate
the use of the words “light” and “mild”
on cigarette packets. Australian regulators
have argued that these words imply health
benefits the products do not deliver, and so
may mislead and deceive smokers.
Professor Hoek says the new survey shows
that a substantial proportion of respondents,
both smokers and non-smokers, were
confused about what the term “light” meant.
However, smokers of light cigarettes were
much more likely to associate incorrect
attributes with them, including the delivery
of less tar.
Professor Hoek says although the findings
are preliminary, they have important policy
implications.They highlight misconceptions
among all groups, especially those at greatest
risk of being harmed by confusion.
The report says the tobacco industry has
indicated it intends to replace “light” and
“mild” with terms such as “fresh”, “‘fine”
and “smooth”.
Professor Hoek says there is an urgent
need for more research, particularly into
the attr ibutes smokers might associate
with these new terms. “There is little point
in replacing one misleading term with
another.”
A paper outlining the research findings
won a Best in Track award at the recent
Australian and New Zealand Marketing
Academy conference.
Directions
Vietnam veterans may have incurred genetic damage
A significant difference between the DNA of
veterans who served in Vietnam and those who
did not has been found in a study by Massey
molecular scientists.
The study was conducted by Master’s
student Louise Edwards under the supervision
of Dr Al Rowland (pictured), and the results
of a genetic analysis are now in the hands of
the veterans.
Ms Edwards and Dr Rowland, from the
Institute of Molecular BioSciences, studied
the rate of “sister chromatid exchange” (SCE)1
in peripheral blood lymphocyte cells. A
comparatively higher level of sister chromatid
exchange was seen in the servicemen who
went to Vietnam.
Dr Rowland says the sample is statistically
small; only 24 veterans and 23 controls.
Nonetheless the results are highly significant
and warrant further investigation. Control
participants were also studied for comparison
and were closely matched to the veterans
in order to remove the input of possible
confounding factors such as cigarette smoking
and alcohol consumption, which may impact
upon the interpretation of the results. The
control subjects were all ex-military men of the
same age and with a similar lifestyle, medical
history and occupational history, but with one
important difference – they did not serve in
Vietnam. Selection of matched controls for
comparison was a very important part of the
study. A comparison of the SCE frequencies
between the veterans and the controls showed a
highly significant difference. Half of the veterans
had a higher SCE frequency than the highest
control. Taking the major confounding factors
into account, the results would suggest that
the veterans were most likely exposed to some
harmful substance as a result of their service in
Vietnam.This exposure could have the potential
to cause genetic damage.
Dr Rowland’s group is also studying New
Zealand nuclear test veterans using a range
of genetic tests. A study led by Dr Rowlands
using SCE has found a small but significant
level of genetic effects in the veterans.
1. The sister chromatid exchange (SCE) assay is a bioindicator test that analyses breakages in dividing chromosomes. The higher the SCE rate, the greater the risk of genetic damage,
based on the premise that elevated SCE frequencies are known to be caused by clastogenic activity (a clastogen is any substance which is known to damage DNA).
Karyotypes of a dividing human peripheral blood lymphocyte labelled using the technique called mFISH (multicolour
Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization). Each pair of chromosomes in the human genome is labelled with a specific coloured
probe. The cell at top is normal and shows no aberrations. The cell below shows shifts of colours between different
chromosomes. These shifts in genetic material between chromosomes are called translocations. They are an indication
of genetic damage.
Veterinary software destined for the Swiss
A multi-million dollar animal management
and biosecurity system developed by animal
health researchers is being used by the Swiss
federal government.
In its first phase of implementation,
“Kodavet” software has been built specifically
for the Swiss Federal Veterinary Office.
Professor Hugh Blair and Bill te Brake, from
the Institute of Veterinary
Animal and Biomedical
Sciences, say the software is
designed and developed to
manage any type of animal
activity. It can track the life
of an animal from birth
to death, including any
treatments or diseases it had, movements from
one farm to another, and movements from a
farm to a meat-processing plant.
It also maps the outbreak of disease that
may have occurred in the area it resided,
and documentation of an animal’s health
including health certificates, movement
certificates, treatment advice and final
slaughter information can be retrieved and
analysed.
The data being input into the Swiss
Kodavet system comes from federal and
industrial Swiss databases and, in addition
to the data outlined above, includes general
information about processors, pet stores
and other organisations and businesses who
manage and handle animals.
Professor Blair and Mr te Brake say
Kodavet may eventually incor porate
existing software tools developed through
the EpiCentre, which
specialises in animal health
and epidemiology under
the direction of Professor
Roger Morris.These tools
include EpiMAN (used in
the 2001 foot and mouth
outbreak in Britain) and
Interspread Plus.
The second phase of Kodavet was due for
completion in August of this year and will
include geographic information systems,
disease management systems, and incident
management. Kodavet will be also used as a
platform technology to develop a veterinary
animal information management system
called VeTech. With contributions from
Pfizer and Veterinary Enterprises,VeTech will
be marketed internationally at its completion
in 2007.
It can track the
life of an animal
from birth
Prison literacy programme
will connect families
Children will join their fathers in Wanganui
Prison as part of a Massey family literacy and
learning project. If successful, the project may
be extended to other prisons throughout
the country.
Adult literacy researcher Dr Franco
Vaccar ino, from of the Department of
Communication and Journalism, says children
will visit the prison to spend one-on-one
time reading books with their fathers.
“We are encouraging reading between
parent and child. We want the father and
child to bond through sharing books and
other literacy activities.”
Overseas research has shown that inmates
who spend more time with their families have
much better post-release success, he says.
“Children will spend quality time with the
parent that they wouldn’t normally get, and
learn at the same time.”
A family learning programme is currently
being run at a local primary school, and
a similar programme was due to start at
the prison in September or October. The
University’s project team and the Corrections
Department are working out a schedule for
the visits.
11
Directions
Preschool diet of concern
Children as young
as three are
establishing bad
eating habits that
are likely to last for
the rest of their lives,
a study of preschoolers’
eating habits suggests.
The same study shows
boys are less likely to eat their
vegetables than girls and that difference
emerges in the very young, setting many
children up for a lifetime battle with obesity
and other diet-related health problems.
Academics from Massey, Auckland and
Victoria universities have produced the
longitudinal study, the first of its kind in New
Zealand.
Dr Clare Wall, from the Institute of Food,
Nutrition and Human Health, says the children,
all aged three-and-a-half when the initial
survey was done, will be followed through
to adulthood by the researchers. Results of a
survey of their eating habits as seven-year-olds
will be available within a year.
The first study, published in the New Zealand
Medical Journal, found preschoolers are being
fed too many muesli bars, chips and soft drinks
and not enough bread, fruit and vegetables.
Just over a quarter of the sample ate the
recommended two or more servings of fruit a
day, and only around half ate the recommended
two or more servings of vegetables.
Only 7 percent ate enough breads, cereals,
rice and pasta. Dr Wall says this is of concern
because “these foods are high in energy and are
a significant contributor of dietary folate and
iron for children”.
Twelve percent of the children ate treats
Working mothers frowned
upon
such as muesli bars
and potato chips,
which tend to be
high in sugar and fat,
three or more times
daily.
On the brighter side,
88 percent ate meat, fish,
eggs or chicken at least
daily, with chicken the most
frequently consumed, and 86 percent
consumed dairy products or milk at least
twice daily, in line with Health Ministry
recommendations.
Nearly two-thirds of the children drank
milk daily, a higher proportion than New
Zealand school-aged children and consistent
with other findings that milk consumption
decreases with age.
Preschool boys were less likely to eat
vegetables at recommended levels than girls
and were also less likely to consume reducedfat milk and low-fat milk. Dr Wall says these
gender differences in dietary patterns are
similar to those found in New Zealand
adults.
The researchers descr ibed the results
as a gr im prognosis, given that existing
research suggests a lifetime’s eating habits are
established in childhood.
Dr Wall also stresses that the 600 children
studied were of a higher than average
socioeconomic status.
“That means the results of the study are
almost certainly conservative: the proportion
of children in the general population eating
fruit, vegetables, breads, and cereals at
recommended levels is likely to be lower than
reported in this study.”
Insulin resistance in Ma-ori and Aborigines studied
A group of young Ma-ori men have taken part
in a Massey-led study aimed at understanding
why it is that Ma- or i appear to have
predisposition for insulin resistance.
The research is a collaboration between
Massey and Sydney University, where the
School of Indigenous Health Studies is
working with a group of young Aboriginal
men in a parallel study.
Parts of the study were undertaken at
Sydney’s Faculty of Health Sciences, where a
cohort of 24 fit young Ma-ori men were tested
for aerobic fitness and body composition.
The study is part of a joint initiative
12
between Massey’s Research Centre for
M a- o r i H e a l t h a n d D eve l o p m e n t , Te
Pu- manawa Hauora and the Institute of
Food, Nutrition and Human Health in the
College of Sciences.
Te Pu-manawa Hauora director Professor
Chris Cunningham (Nga-ti Raukawa, Toa
Rangatira) says that like Australian Aborigines,
Ma- ori develop type-two diabetes at rates
much higher than the Pa-keha- population.
The study participants had their muscle
triglyceride levels measured using magnetic
resonance spectroscopy at a radiology
laboratory in Liverpool, Sydney.
Most New Zealanders approve of married
women working full-time but that approval
drops dramatically when women have
children.
The New Zealand end of an international
survey on men, women and work shows that
attitudes to women and paid work depend
critically on whether they have children and
how old their children are.
Eighty-three percent of respondents
approve of married women working full-time
before they have children but only 2 percent
approve of full-time work when women have
children under school age.
Approval is higher (30 percent) for mothers
of young children working part-time and
increases to 14 percent for women working
full-time after the youngest child starts
school.
A substantial number – 40 percent – believe
a preschool child is likely to suffer if the
mother works and the same number believe
family life suffers when a mother has a parttime job.
The survey, conducted by the Department
of Marketing with lead researcher Professor
Phil Gendall, traversed attitudes to job
satisfaction, job security, working conditions
and to men and women and work. It is part
of the International Social Survey programme,
which involves leading academics in 40
countries in annual surveys on economic and
policy issues, in seven-year cycles.
Double standards for binge
drinking
A study conducted by psychologist Dr
Antonia Lyons, has confirmed the so-called
“feminisation of binge drinking”. Increasing
numbers of women are drinking large
quantities of alcohol in social situations.
The study also revealed that while men and
women increasingly accept such behaviour
among their friends, their attitude towards
excessive drinking by strangers is nowhere
near as tolerant and depends on whether the
stranger is a man or a woman.
Both men and women tended to apply
adjectives such as “disgusting”,“embarrassing”,
and “slutty” to women who drank extravagantly.
Publicly drunken men were more likely to
be regarded by both sexes as amusing or “a
joke”.
Neither men nor women displayed these
prejudices when judging their own friends.
Heavy drinking was regarded as a pleasant
and enjoyable leisure activity, with the only
negative consequences being things like
hangovers, reckless behaviour and the financial
cost. The effect on personal health did not
seem to be a significant concern.
Directions
Steady growth in value-added food exports
New research shows the proportion of
value-added food and beverage exports has
continued to rise steadily against commodity
products, with the sector enjoying growth of
nearly 10 percent in the past five years.
An ongoing study by the Institute of Food,
Nutrition and Human Health for New Zealand
Trade and Enterprise (NZTE) has found that
earnings from value-added food and beverage
exports grew to $8.11 billion, or 54 percent of
all food and food ingredient exports, for the
year ended June 2004.
The earnings in 2004 increased from $7.6
billion in 2003, a rise of 6.7 percent over the
12 months.
The study has been carried out annually
since 2000, giving researchers the opportunity
to directly compare results. Overall there has
been a 53.6 percent increase in revenue from
value-added products since 2000 and only a
5.3 percent rise in revenue from commodity
exports in the same period.
The study uses a mix of export data, industry
identification and financial analysis tools to
define the dollar and percentage values of
added-value and commodity food products in
key export categories.
It breaks down value-added percentages
in the main export categories of meat, dairy,
fruit and vegetables, beverages, cereals, seafood
and miscellaneous and found that the biggest
increases in 2004 came from the dairy and
meat sectors.
Export revenue earnings in the meat sector
rose from $4.30 billion in 2003 to $4.7 billion
in 2004, with value-added products accounting
for well over half of the increase.
While revenue from dairy products fell
overall in the year, the report indicates the
sector actually increased exports of valueadded products by 20 percent compared
with 2003, a remarkable response in a trading
climate where commodity revenue continued
to decline.
Project manager Professor Ray Winger says
the results are encouraging. “During the five
years this study has been carried out, different
sectors showed a range of value-added from
23 percent to 79 percent, indicating that the
New Zealand food industry has a high level
of value-added products.
“There is clearly a growing sophistication
in product development and marketing
innovation which is essential for long term
sustainability and to deliver what markets and
customers want.”
NZTE Group General Manager - Food
and Beverage, Rod MacKenzie, says having
more than half of New Zealand’s food and
beverage exports coming from value-added
foods is a sign that the industry is clearly
focused on change.
“Increasing value-added exports is vital
to meet the challenges the sector faces from
fluctuating commodity prices and foreign
exchange movements,” he says.
Just as is done with cornstarch, Dr Pratt and
his students will use controlled fermentation
to produce organic acids that can be used in
biopolymer production. The challenge is to
produce a suitable and controlled mix of organic
acids from the multifarious brew of substances
in organic waste.
He says some acids are better than others for
the production of bio-plastic. Acetic-acid-based
plastic, for example, is brittle. Adding propionic
acid produces more malleable polymer chains.
Part of Dr Pratt’s project looks at controlling
the fermentation procedure by adjusting factors
such as pH so that only one kind of acid is
produced. His team of postgraduate students
is also focusing on ‘transient stages’ in the
fermentation process.
A transient stage occurs when bacteria are
shocked by the input of food (in this case,
carbon-based effluent) or when conditions such
as pH are altered. The micro-organisms react to
these changes in interesting ways before evening
out and producing a consistent volume of
mixed acids. Transient stages are imperfectly
understood.
“In a transient stage one type of acid may
be made in greater proportions, and other
unknown or unexpected compounds can also
be made. Sometimes the most interesting things
are made when things go wrong.”
Pats to plastic
It almost sounds too good to be true – turning
cow pats into plastic. But the murky liquid in
the flask Dr Steven Pratt holds could be the stuff
of bioplastics: biodegradable plastics produced
using renewable resources.
Bioplastics already exist, says Dr Pratt. In the
United States, PLA (poly lactic acid) and PHA
(poly hydroxyalkanoate) based plastics are being
commercially produced using carbohydrates
such as corn starch. But feedstocks like this
– homogenous and highly refined – are only just
becoming cost competitive with oil. How much
better it would be if we could produce plastic
from something that would cost us virtually
nothing. Something, in fact, we want to get rid
of: farming and other organic wastes.
A researcher in the Centre for Environmental
Technology and Engineering, Dr Pratt says the
potential for bioplastic production in New
Zealand is huge. “The waste produced by our
agricultural and pulp and paper industries is
ideal, and there is so much of it.”
Riddet Centre researcher Dr Jason
Hindmarsh stands alongside an MRI
machine which he and Institute of
Fundamental Sciences researcher Robin
Dykstra have re-commissioned. The
machine will be used to track how
the composition of a mix of milk and
probiotic bacteria changes as it is dried
and rehydrated.
The MRI machine gives spatial
resolution. It shows how an object is
physically distributed and, in the case
of milk drying, the speeds at which the
components of lactose, fats, and water
are redistributed.
The project is a collaboration between
the Institute, the Riddet Centre, the
MacDiarmid Institute and Bruker New
Zealand to make MRI micro-imaging
available to researchers.
A Centre for Research in Analogue and Very
Large-Scale Integration (VSLI) microsystem
design has opened at the Auckland campus. It
is headed by Dr Rezaul Hasan (pictured) and
includes co-researchers Dr Tom Moir and Dr
Fakhrul Alam. Dr Hasan is currently designing
a component for ultrawideband wireless
communication, which he hopes will be patented
for commercial use.
13
Feature
A fishy story
Illustrator Ben Galbraith talks to Malcolm Wood
I
t is weekday afternoon when I call Ben
Galbraith, and when he takes the call, the
first-time children’s author and illustrator
has been communing with a computer, just
like me. But Ben’s hair, unlike mine, is stiff with
salt; his clothes scratch against his skin; there is
sand in his shoes. Working in his hometown of
Gisborne as graphic designer and illustrator for
a surfboard manufacturer, Ben often heads for
the beach for his lunchbreak.
“If the surf is looking all right, the office can
be pretty empty, because everyone is out on the
water,” says Galbraith.
As a student at Massey’s Wellington campus
he had quickly found himself surfing friends, but
the best surf was a half-day’s travel away on the
Wairarapa coast.To once again have good surf at
his doorstep is to be peculiarly blessed.
The sea is in his blood.
So it’s no wonder that Galbraith chose a searelated final-year project for his Bachelor of
Design: an illustrated retelling of the Three Billy
Goats Gruff, recast with three redneck fishing
brothers as goat stand-ins, an environmentalenforcer minke whale in place of the troll, and
a strong conservation message.
During his time at Massey, Galbraith had
evolved a distinctive style of illustration,
collaging traditional artistic media, such as
drawing and painting, with scanned objects
(notoriously, including dead fish) and making
extensive use of computer manipulation. The
effect is phantasmagoric, a little dark, dryly
humorous, reminiscent of the work of Galbraith’s
favourite illustrator, American Lane Smith
(whose best known work, The True Story of The
Three Little Pigs by Alexander T. Wolf, depicts its
protagonist as the sad victim of circumstance
and media hype).
In his third year, as if in validation of his
growing proficiency, the company Learning
Media (see opposite page) chose his illustrations
over others for an issue of the School Journal.
Mike McAuley, who coordinates the
illustration component of the Bachelor of Design,
remembers Galbraith exploring the options for
his final year project during a research paper.“He
was focused on various foreshore-related issues,
such as pollution, and it at first looked like he
would do a series of posters. I remember that
we explored the idea of incorporating secondary
narratives, and you will see that he’s done this
in his book by incorporating speech bubbles
in his illustrations. ”
From the moment he hit on the idea of a
children’s book, Galbraith knew he wanted
it published. But the New Zealand children’s
book market is tiny, and Galbraith’s design
– which includes die-cut peepholes – would be
expensive to print. Galbraith sent out a couple
of feelers to New Zealand publishers, but was
unsuccessful.
“But then I got really lucky,” he says. Aaron
McKirdy, a member of the art department
children’s division at Hodder UK, chanced
on Ben’s project at the end-of-year design
exhibition (a must-see event) and contacted
him. The process that would culminate in
launch of The Three Fishing Brothers Gruff in
May 2006 had begun.
With the launch, Galbraith stepped in to
another set of responsibilities. Hodder flew
him to Auckland (three times), Wellington
and Christchurch for book launches and
primary-school book readings. He discovered a
certain giddy pleasure in the novelty of flights,
corporate taxis and hotels, but the public
speaking was a trial.
www.bengalbraith.co.nz
14
Feature
For more information
Illustration/visual narrative is offered as a
specialist area in theVisual Communication
major of the four-year Bachelor of Design
degree. The cur r iculum includes the
creation of believable characters, the use of
metaphor and other conceptual strategies
to convey concepts, and how to work
using both traditional and digital drawing
and painting methods. Those interested
should contact
Mike McAuley
Subject director
Visual Narrative
Institute of Communication Design
College of Creative Arts
[email protected]
“It has been overwhelming to speak in front of
the public. I get quite nervous. I had a television
interview on Good Morning: it was only for
two or three minutes, but that was pretty scary.
The prerecorded radio interviews aren’t so bad,
because they can cut out my stuttering.”
The Three Fishing Brothers Gruff also has a
deeper personal significance to Galbraith: it is
dedicated to his father who died of a heart attack
while out surfing.
At the 2006 Best Design Awards, The
Three Fishing Brothers Gruff received a highly
commended award in the Editorial and Books
category and an endorsement from the presenter,
who declared it her favourite. More than 10,000
copies of the book were sold within three
months of its launch. (When I spoke with him,
Galbraith was keenly looking forward to the first
of his royalty cheques.)
Will Galbraith be staying on in Gisborne?
For the moment he declares himself to be happy
with his choices. “I always knew I’d be coming
back,” he says.
“But it’s a little bit quiet here over winter. A
lot of my friends are now over in the UK, so I
guess I will be heading that way some time.”
The Three Fishing Brothers Gruff
by Ben Galbraith, Hodder Children’s
Books, ISBN: 0340893419 $29.99.
Recommended for children ages five to eight.
Let me illustrate
There is a concluding question
that is part of many a reporter’s
repertoire: what would you
choose to be doing in some
parallel universe?When I ask it of
Penny Newman,a commissioning
art editor at Learning Media, she
looks momentarily nonplussed.
Ever since her own childhood
she has wanted to be a children’s
illustrator or be involved in
children’s books in some way;
there was never a fallback. “It’s all I have ever wanted to do.”
These days, when she is not commissioning illustration for the New
Zealand market as part of her workaday life, she illustrates as much as
possible. “If I don’t do it, I miss it,” she says.
Newman studied visual communications at the School of Design
(then part of Wellington Polytechnic, now part of Massey University)
back in the 1980s. On graduating, she first worked for children’s
publishers Price Milburn and then for the School Publications arm of
the Department of Education. She has been there ever since – and seen
the department transform into state-owned-enterprise Learning Media,
a successful business with an international reputation for developing
effective literacy materials..
During her years as a commissioning art editor, Newman has dealt
with “a passing parade of fantastic people”. The names are legion:
“Murray Grimsdale, Caroline Campbell, Deirdre Gardiner, Robyn
Belton, Bob Kerr, Christine Ross, Fraser Williamson...” says Newman
without drawing breath. Many people that have illustrated for Learning
Media, such as Dick Frizzell and Robyn Kahukiwa (and Massey’s own
Bob Jahnke) are also ‘name’ artists.
Each has their own style, but there is a certain hard-to-define New
Zealand character to all of their work, says Newman. “I think we do
have something distinctive in our work, and things like our landscape
and the clarity of our light feed into it.”
Has she noticed trends in New Zealand children’s illustration? “I
guess I have noticed some incorporation of styles that have started
overseas,” says Newman, mentioning the Japanese cartoon-style
manga as an example. And there is the increasing prevalence of digital
techniques.
What children’s books would she buy if I sent her out with a
limited budget? Strange I should ask. The other day she and some
other art editors went looking for children’s books to use as reference
works. One of her choices was Clubs: A Lolly Leopold Story, written
by Kate De Goldi and illustrated by Jacqui Colley. (“I bought if for a
niece,” Newman confesses.) The other was Ben Galbraith’s The Three
Fishermen Gruff. She is a fan: “Ben is a brilliant example of someone
who is combining digital and traditional techniques to create a unique
look.”
15
Feature
From gate to plate
Exploring the farmers’ market phenomenon
H
amish is a regular at the Feilding
farmers’ markets. A rookie chef, he
cooks for a restaurant near Marton.
He loves creating new food, likes talking to
people and hopes to reach a bigger market with
his homemade products.A selection of his pestos
and tapenades is spread out in front of him, each
in a different, minimalist container. A pile of
chunks of chewy French-style bread from the
stall next-door sits alongside open containers
of pesto for sampling. We all dig in, watched
anxiously by Hamish. “Good! Good!” we say
with out mouths full, reaching for our wallets. In
Feilding, the number of people gathered at the
stall amounts to a crowd and this stuff may sell
fast. “Tastes different!” declares a white-haired
fellow whose wife says a month ago he wouldn’t
have known pesto if it leapt off a supermarket
shelf and bit him.“Even better than last week’s,”
16
he declares. “You noticed?” says Hamish. “This
time I used pistachio in the pesto.”
Something else is different this week and
it isn’t Hamish’s baby sleeping under cover
behind the stall: She’s often there. This week
the new product is chocolate cake, two dozen
moist, miniature deep-brown cakes with soft
buttery icing and a glazed nut on top, sitting
in tiny paper cases, priced at one dollar each.
We sample one then two, and it’s the best
chocolate cake we’ve ever tasted.We all decide
to take the remainder home for our families but
there’s a problem. They obviously won’t travel
intact and Matthew hasn’t brought containers.
“It’s on the agenda,” he promises. “Come back
next week.”
Farmers’ market and small business researcher
Dr Alan Cameron has high hopes for Hamish.
“He’s able to learn on the job by selling at the
By Di Billing
market. He’s taking it slowly, isn’t over-reaching
with too many new products and he’s focused
on getting what he does produce absolutely
right. He’s there on the spot so he can listen
to what the buyers want and adapt accordingly.
He’s learning how to be an entrepreneur.”
Dr Alan Cameron, a Massey graduate who
is now a senior lecturer in the Department
of Management, started out specialising in
research into small business entrepreneurship
and has since become the New Zealand
authority on farmers’ markets. He thinks his
appreciation probably began on a hitchhiking
tour of Europe as a hungry and impoverished
student in the ’60s. He stopped at a market
in France but could afford only some bread.
The stallholder gave him a wedge of cheese
to go with it. Now his office is papered with
photographs of farmers’ markets, taken in
Feature
New Zealand, and in Australia and
Europe on overseas trips with his wife.
The Feilding market is his local but
the Edinburgh market is perhaps his
favourite. There the stallholders dress
the part: the butcher is in blue stripes,
and live music is played. He expects
New Zealand markets will eventually
go the same way.
Dr Cameron says the farmers’ market
differs from the more common flea
market. The definition of a farmers’
market is one in which farmers, growers
and producers from a local area are
present in person to sell their own
products directly to the public. All of the
products sold should be grown, reared,
caught, brewed, pickled, baked, smoked
or processed by the stallholder. Less
quantifiably, farmers’ markets place an
emphasis on quality and freshness and
provide a vibrant atmosphere to make
shopping a more social experience.
At a flea market the vendors are often
itinerant, travelling in from other centres
to sell jewellery, second hand and home
made clothes, books, plants and food, usually
more cheaper than you can buy them anywhere
else. But Dr Cameron says at authentic farmers’
markets, crafts are generally discouraged; they
are thought to convey a tacky image.
The essence of a farmers’ market, he says,
is “buy local, eat seasonal, enjoy high quality
food”.
There are now 26 f ar mer s’ markets
throughout New Zealand from Kerikeri to
Dunedin, double the number that existed
five years ago, in line with a world trend that
is making a dent – but still only a very small
one - into supermarkets’ grip on the sale of
fresh produce.
Dr Cameron says farmers’ markets were once
common in New Zealand, as well as in Europe
and the United States, but were largely driven
out by supermarkets, with France, Italy and
Spain as notable exceptions.
Why, then, this resurgence? Clearly one
element is nostalgia, but there are a host of
others. There is the influence of television
chefs like Rick Stein and Peta Mathias and
their emphasis on fresh, seasonal ingredients.
There is the rise of regional cuisines. There
is the growing interest in fresh, unadulterated
produce, in organics, and in sustainable
agriculture. There is the farmers’ market as an
adjunct to regional tourism.There is the sterile,
plastic experience of supermarket shopping
itself, as well as resistance to the supermarket
duopoly prevailing in New Zealand.
“Supermarkets threaten to engulf other
forms of retailing by combining the scale of
the market with the convenience of the shop,
but in recent years there has been a quiet
counter-revolution. One of the driving forces
is the increasing demand for better food and
information about that food, by increasingly
discerning consumers.”
There are economic reasons too: the
consumer’s desire to cut out the middleman
and buy directly from the grower and the
farmer’s desire to realise a greater margin than
the supermarkets will allow.
Every market has its own history, says Dr
Cameron.“The Whangerei market was started
by two growers who considered they could get
better prices than they were receiving from
supermarkets.The Hawke’s Bay market started
as part of a strong initiative by an entrepreneur
to maximise the food and wine potential of
the region. The Feilding market was part of a
wider strategy to revitalise a struggling town.
The Bay of Islands market was initiated by
a food writer who had moved into a
growing affluent town and had seen
the benefits of markets elsewhere. The
Marlborough market was started by a
chef concerned about the dominance
of vine cultivation in the area.”
His research has also provided
a closer fix on the customers. Dr
Cameron says in general they are
motivated by price or value for money
although most are seeking quality, with
price as a secondary issue. Variety is
important.
“Customers seek out specialist
products such as organic products, as
well as rare heritage and heirloom
varieties. They also appreciate having
another shopping option, with the
oppor tunity to discuss products,
particularly food, face-to-face with
the producer. They enjoy the sense
of community that a market provides.
They also rate the opportunity to
contribute to the local economy.”
He is interested in the issue of price
for both buyers and sellers. “People will
pay a bit more at a farmers’ market for a good
product. It isn’t a gamble because they’ve had
a chance to sample it so they know it’s good,
unlike a supermarket tomato with its looks
enhanced by water spray, special lights and so
on. Or a cheese, wrapped in plastic. Hamish’s
tapenade, for example, may eventually cost
a bit more than a super market dip but
customers say that it tastes much better – and
it gives them something different to talk about
at the dinner table.”
Correspondingly, price is an issue for the
seller. “Selling to the big chains, their margins
were increasingly squeezed. They sell less
produce at the farmers’ markets but they are
often able to sell it for slightly higher prices.”
There is also the impact on the local
economy. A study commissioned by the Otago
Market Trust estimated that at least $750,000
was spent in the market’s first six months of
operation. “This figure was multiplied by
three to give an aggregate impact on Otago
of $2.25 million. Because the sources of the
materials are local there is less leakage and
the multiplier is larger than might otherwise
be expected. So they end up making a
larger profit, which helps them survive in an
increasingly competitive market.”
17
Feature
Dr Cameron says the Otago figures are
consistent with other estimates of the amount
of money generated by markets that stays in
the local economy. Few vendors – only 12 per
cent of those questioned in his studies – rely
on farmers’ markets as their only distribution
outlet and source of income. But fewer and
fewer small growers are selling to supermarkets
because of difficulty in meeting price and
supply requirements.
“Some growers say they wouldn’t have
survived without the markets. One used to get
$3 a kg for his produce from the supermarket,
which then sold it for $9 a kilo. He now sells it
for $6 a kilo at the farmers’ market – a win-win
for producer and customer.”
How have the supermarket chains reacted to
all of this? Badly, in some cases. Dr Cameron and
research colleagues at Otago University found
claims and fears of blacklisting by supermarkets
of producers who sell in the farmers’ markets,
which they note would probably be in breach
of the Commerce Act.
The release of Dr Cameron’s research
coincided with the opening of the vast new
Sylvia Park shopping mall in Auckland,
accompanied by traffic jams and incidents of
road rage. At press, the latest farmers’ market to
open is in Porirua, outside Wellington, run by
Wellington specialists in quality, artisan foods,
Moore Wilsons.Artist Dick Frizzell has painted
a mural for the market and it is expected that
sellers of fine meat will eventually sport blue
striped aprons. Live music is on the agenda.
The Moore Wilsons’ philosophy is in line
with Alan Cameron’s. They want to provide
an alternative outlet for their best suppliers, an
incubator for future suppliers and, in general, to
support the provision of good food.
In August Alan Cameron was a speaker at
the inaugural Farmers’ Market New Zealand
Association conference in Havelock North
and in August he spoke at the Horticulture
New Zealand conference in Auckland. Next
year he will take up a position as visiting
research fellow at Glasgow University’s Centre
for Business History. He says it seems that in
Europe and the United Kingdom, as in New
Zealand, as supermarkets grow, there is a parallel
growth in the demand for traditional, outdoor
shopping, and an appetite for information on
the phenomenon.
18
More malls to come
If nostalgia for more traditional shopping styles
like farmers’ markets is driven by the growth in
supermarkets and malls, the demand for both
is set to grow, according to retail researcher
Associate Professor Andrew Parsons. If anything,
he says New Zealand is still “under-malled” for
its population.
Dr Parsons, from the University’s Department
of Commerce, says New Zealand is likely
to follow trends in the United States and
Britain, with the creation of even bigger malls
attached to big box complexes, with more
interactivity and entertainment, and add-ons
such as gymnasiums, swimming pools – and
even schools.
“Malls have developed as large, covered
shopping areas that seem to provide people
with a pleasant, safe environment – away from
pollution, politics and the weather. But the
catch is that such an environment can be seen
as very sterile and lacking in excitement. In
most cases you can stand in a mall and not
know where you are – you could be anywhere
in New Zealand or anywhere in the world, for
that matter. It’s all the same. Hence the growing
demand for the more personal experience of
visiting a farmers’ market”
He says developers are aware that some
consumers are turning back to these “warmer”
shopping experiences and are moving to
counter this.
Dr Parsons says there are different motives
for shopping:You need to buy something, you
want to browse and keep up with the latest
trends, or you just want to get out of the house
and get some exercise.“Then there is the social
reason, the opportunity to meet other people
and to exchange ideas with your peer groups.
“Increasingly, people live by themselves and
work in an office space by themselves. They
regard going to a mall as one of the few ways
available to interact with other people, to sit
and socialise. Mall developers are tapping into
this with tailored additional facilities, like
cafes, that prolong time spent in the mall.
Retailers also have to find ways to beat
off g rowing competition from on-line
shopping. “In a large mall you might visit
seven or eight dress shops and compare
clothes and prices. But the Internet allows
you effectively to do the same and make even
wider comparisons.”
He predicts mall owners and developers
will attempt to meet the Internet challenge
by creating unique, interactive experiences for
shoppers. “This trend started back in the late
1980s, when malls suddenly starting sprouting
trees and then gathered momentum. The
food courts, the attached movie complexes,
the special shows staged for children in the
holidays – they’re all part of extending the
allure and attraction of a mall, and the time
people spend in them.”
Dr Parsons says retailers will be encouraged
to let people try out products in context.
“Nike Town in the United States, for example,
has full-sized basketball courts in its shops, so
that customers can put on the clothes and the
shoes and then have a go on the court before
they decide to buy them. Some golf shops
already have mini driving ranges in store. At
the moment malls don’t like shops that sell
musical instruments because they make too
much noise as customers try out the products.
But imagine how vibrant a mall would be if
such experiences were encouraged.”
He says in the future malls may even have
schools attached. “There are already crèches
for the children of both staff and customers.
Why not schools? And why stop there? At
the University of Alberta, where I worked
for a time, the business school was attached
to a vast mall which contained levels of
shops, theatres, swimming pools, gymnasiums
and restaurants as well as student and staff
apartments.”
Dr Parsons says new developments like the
Sylvia Park mega mall in Auckland may seem
big and modern, “but we’re only scratching
the surface of what’s to come”.
Extramural
A lovely day in Kyoto
and Islam. Her mother Pauline had studied
at Massey, and the flexibility and variety
of extramural study appealed to Dana. She
received an A-minus grade in her Islam paper,
a complicated subject she has enjoyed getting
to grips with – on the train, in her apartment,
and during quiet times at work.
“The material is so interesting that finding time
to study is not an issue. I just have to stop myself
sitting down watching 24 hours of CNN.”
Dana says the international news channel
spurred her interest in international relations for
tertiary study.
“I wanted to learn about the history and
politics of the countries in the news. And there’s
no better place to learn Japanese than Japan!”
Dana emails her lecturers directly and maintains
contact with Massey classmates via the online
Web CT system which she recommends to other
extramural students.
“We share our marked essays and assignments,
While teaching English in Japan, Dana Batho is for different perspectives on the topic, and chat
extending her horizons by studying extramurally. in web forums.”
She talks to Stephanie Gray.
At this time she is preparing her application to
efore her telephone interview with the Canadian army with the intention to advance
MASSEY Dana Batho closes the sliding through officer training to intelligence services.
doors in her apartment against the She can continue her study through the Royal
overriding roar of bullet trains coming in and Military College and the idea of guaranteed
employment appeals strongly.
out of Nagoya station.
Dana’s back-up plan to a career in the army
The passenger service stops at midnight and
from there the freight trains take over. It’s a is one in foreign service. With that in mind she
ceaseless soundtrack of life in Japan for Dana, a took up a voluntary position with the Canadian
embassy as the emergency system consular
Canadian-Kiwi extramural student.
Being near the station allows Dana a warden representative for Aichi prefecture. Japan’s
comparatively quick commute to the private industrial heartland, Aichi is the home of Toyota
company where she teaches English to students Corporation and most of Dana’s students work
for Toyota.
of all ages.
She travelled to Tokyo for embassy training,
Born in Wellington, Dana emigrated to British
Columbia with her family at the age of two. At and was delighted to dine on salmon with
19, she returned to New Zealand for nine years expatriate Canadians and their comforting way
before moving to the Canadian province of of adding “eh” to the end of their sentences (a
Alberta, home of the Rocky Mountains. Dana linguistic idiosyncrasy shared by New Zealanders
says her comparatively complicated reply to the and Canadians).
In her first few days in Japan, which she
question of her ‘hometown’ often baffles the
describes as “overwhelming”, Dana decided to
Japanese enquirer.
“It’s still common for people to be born, live, start a blog – an online diary with the difference
get married and die in the same town here, and that it can be read by anyone with access to the
to stick with the same company in their working Internet. Of late the blog has taken a back seat
life. My experiences are, quite literally, foreign to exam preparation and teaching.
“I try not to write when I’m stressed or feeling
to them.”
Dana came to Japan three years ago, with negative. Like anyone away from home, I go
a basic grasp of conversational Japanese, and through stages of not liking where I am.”
In the same way a diary allows its author to
two niggling student loans. The language
skills she learnt on the job at a five-star hotel offload anxiety, the blog helps Dana come to
in the Rockies, and the loans accompanied terms with some of the more confusing aspects
of Japanese culture.
qualifications in theatre and fine arts.
“Writing puts my thinking into better focus.
After three years of teaching she has almost
paid off one of the loans, and is fluent enough Once I start to describe something I think about
to enjoy her subscription to a daily newspaper it in greater depth, and with retrospect.”
An entry headed “I am speaking Japanese aren’t
and socialise with her Japanese friends.
Through Massey, Dana is working towards I?” describes the reaction of people in Nagoya to
a Bachelor of Arts and this year is studying a foreigner who can converse in their language.
international relations, oral and written Japanese, Japan’s fourth largest city, Nagoya sees only a
B
fraction of the numbers of foreigners who visit,
or live and work in cities such as Tokyo, Kyoto
and Osaka.
“Most people don’t speak any English and
they tend to freeze like a deer in the headlights
when a foreigner talks to them in Japanese.They
don’t seem to click to that, and say, “I don’t
speak English”, to which I reply, “I am speaking
Japanese”.
Her pet peeves include pervading cigarette
smoke (smoking indoors in tolerated), the vogue
for micro-mini skirts in Nagoya, and the shrill
sales tactics of retailers. She admits to an aversion
to crowds, and for this reason avoids travelling
during public holidays when people flock to
places like Kyoto and the price of transport and
entertainment doubles.
The Canadian-Kiwi finds the concept of $4
individually wrapped apples as strange as the sight
of dishevelled salarymen reeling off the last train
after a twelve-hour day in the office and several
more in a bar.
Dana’s conversations with the adults and
children she teaches have given her insights into
Japanese lives.
“Japanese girls hardly ever see their working
boyfriends, who work until 10 or 11pm, and
fathers don’t get to spend much time with their
children. Adult students tell me their kids are a
little scared of their father because they hardly
see him.”
Of gender differences Dana says the scene is
slowly changing, but typically married women
stay at home to raise children. She teases her
ambitious Japanese girlfriend about “turning into
a salaryman” for the hours of unpaid overtime
she works.
Dana’s blogs also pay tribute to the attractions
of the country and its customs. She raves about
the food (in particular okonomiyaki, a meat and
vegetable pancake), and visits to Kyoto, Hiroshima
and Miyajima.
The juxtaposition of her blogs, where one
titled “Lovely day in Kyoto” is followed by
“Complaining about Japan”, illustrates the
complexity of life in Japan.
“You could never guess just how noisy and
how crowded it is.You learn about the politeness
that is required but then people throw up in the
street in front of you and that’s okay. It’s not until
you come here that it sinks in.”
Paradoxes in etiquette aside, Dana says she has
largely loved her time in Japan and is determined
to make the most of her last months.
“It helps to be a little crazy to live in Japan. If
not, you’re going to end up that way anyway.”
At the end of the interview Dana opens the
sliding doors to let in a little breeze, along with
the sound of the trains, on a summer’s day in
Nagoya.
Read Dana’s blog at: http://awanderinglife.
blogspot.com
19
Extramural
Chain reaction
W
Zak Williams’s quest to understand the fortunes of AFFCO Di Billing writes
orking on the chain in a freezing
works is a monotonous, repetitive
and bloody business. To ease the
boredom, there’s talk. About sport, sex, the
next smoko, and, inevitably, about the bosses,
the company that owns the works and pays
the workers.
On the chain at the Wairoa works near
Gisborne, Zak Williams did a lot of listening.
The Auckland Farmers’ Freezing Company,
now AFFCO Holdings Limited, his employer
had weathered tough times, particularly after
deregulation in the ’80s. It survived, by a
whisker, an industry rationalisation that forced
it to acquire works from R and W Hellaby and
Waitaki International. It had unexpectedly – and
controversially – listed on the Stock Exchange in
1995. Most of the talk among the workers was
worried, remembers Zak, who little expected
that one day he would become an expert in the
company’s governance.
Until recent years, Zak had had little formal
education. On leaving school he went straight
on the chain at Wairoa. And for a long time he
was comfortable enough with his life. He had
his mates, was a union member like everybody
else, and enjoyed a beer. Then he discovered
learning. “One of the fellas on the chain, a
Pa-keha-, decided to do night classes in te Reo
in Wairoa. He asked me to go along with him
so he’d have someone else on the chain to talk
Ma-ori to. I got into it then reached the point
where I couldn’t learn any more there. So the
instructor, a kaumatua, suggested I enrol as an
extramural student at Massey, doing Ma-ori
Studies.
“One day, while I was on campus at
Palmerston North, an elder said, ‘Listen, it’s
good to learn the Ma-ori language but we have
a fair few people doing that already. Go and do
some Pa-keha- papers – we need more business
knowledge.’ So, I changed waka.”
Still studying extramurally and still working
on the chain, Zak accumulated the papers for a
Bachelor of Business Studies.“I put up my hand
for the night shifts which left me the daytime to
study and think. Plus get a bit of sleep.”
After graduation he returned to the chain,
but now that he knew a little more, those old
questions nagged at him. What had driven a
farmers’ cooperative to become a publicly listed
company rather than a farmers’ cooperative?
How had the company come so perilously
close to bankruptcy in the mid ’90s?
He enrolled in the Master’s of Management
programme. He planned to research the
company’s past, and its governance in particular,
Zak Williams (at right) and Dr James Lockhart
for his masterate report.
The problem, he and his supervisor foresaw,
would be getting the information he needed.
Would company directors and senior managers
agree to talk to him, sharing information
that could awaken controversy or possibly
be commercially sensitive? Zak made careful
plans to enlist their cooperation. He found an
AFFCO director who was willing to smooth
his way and help persuade the chairman of the
worth of the study.
With the agreement of the College of
Business, Zak adopted a flexible schedule.
“I needed time to talk to the chairman but
obviously he wasn’t always available. So I made
a choice to align my schedule with his schedule,
rather than the business school’s. The logic
was simple: without the chairman’s approval to
investigate governance issues involving AFFCO,
there would be no research project.”
His research process has been praised as
extremely innovative by Dr James Lockhart,
Director of the University’s Graduate School
of Business.
The project took three years. For most of that
time Zak continued to work on the chain but
he did take nearly a year off, the better part of
2004, between the end of peak killing season
in February and the beginning of the next, in
November.
Zak’s found that one reason AFFCO
struggled in the 1980s was its structure as
cooperative. Beset by the debt accumulated
in making necessary upgrades to its plant, the
board remained intent on realising income for
its farmer shareholders rather than the good of
the company. Moreover, the cooperative’s large
board membership and, as Zak puts it, “excess
democracy” limited its agility.
In March of this year in AFFCO’s boardroom
Zak formally presented his project to those who
had made it possible:AFFCO’s past and present
directors and chairmen, chief executives, senior
managers and financial advisers. (Hearteningly,
everyone approached eventually agreed to be
interviewed, though most on the condition that
they not be named.) With him for the occasion
were his mother Sarah, friends Clarry and Mary
Agnew, and wha-nau member Alicia Beuving,
and, from Massey, Dr James Lockhart.
At the beginning of the meeting, Zak had
accepted an invitation from chairman Sam
Lewis to sit in the chairman’s seat. Going to
the head of the table, he gingerly sat down,
saying “I could get used to this!” But he was
happy enough to leave it when the meeting
closed. He had heard enough stories, analysed
enough balance sheets, and knew enough about
AFFCO’s fortunes, to know the seat is not
always comfortable.
At top: Zak flanked by his mother Sarah, at left, and Auntie Betty Gemmell, at right, outside the family home.
20
Extramural
Introducing
Jennifer Thompson
Deputy Regional Registrar
Extramural Support Services
When JenniferThompson finishes work each day,
other obligations await. The Deputy Regional
Registrar in charge of the support services for
Massey’s extramural students is an extramural
student herself, working on her PhD thesis
through Deakin University in Australia. Her
thesis topic encompasses e-learning and student
online support.
Earlier in her career, again studying
extramurally, Jennifer gained a Master’s in
Educational Administration from Massey.
This ability to relate her area of study to her
professional working environment is one of the
things she values about the extramural student
experience.
Since 2004, Jennifer has been working with
Dr Sandi Shillington, the Palmerston North
Regional Registrar, on a major redesign of
the support services for Massey extramural
students.
They have introduced such things as an
assignment pre-reading service, study skills and
writing skills tutorials, and career development
workshops online.
Jennifer values feedback and ideas from
extramural students, whether current or former,
on how support services could be improved
and developed.
Jennifer Thompson
Deputy Regional Registrar, Student Life,
Palmerston North
[email protected]
Telephone 64 6 359 2636
John Ross
Extramural Careers Consultant
Student Counselling Service
In February of this year, John Ross took up a
newly created position as a careers consultant,
dedicated solely to the needs of extramural
students.
Since then, John, who is based on the
Palmerston North campus, has taken hundreds
of calls and emails from extramural students in
New Zealand and from further afield in United
Kingdom, Korea, Germany, and Australia.
He has met many others in face-to-face
meetings booked on the Auckland, Wellington
or Palmerston North campuses.
John and his colleagues run career workshops
covering such things as job search strategies and
career planning.
John has more than 20 years’ experience in
the tertiary education sector and has worked
in career counselling and work placement
at the University of Canterbury and Sussex
University.
John Ross
Careers Consultant
[email protected]
Telephone 64 6 350 5935
Allan Smee
Online Consultant
Student Learning Centre
One of the many people behind OWLL (the
Online Writing and Learning Link website) is
Allan Smee, who plays a key role developing
and maintaining the increasingly sophisticated
website. If, as a student, you have a technical
problem with OWLL, it is more than likely
that Allan will be the person you turn to.
If, as an academic, you would like help in
developing an online learning tool for OWLL,
Allan should be able to help.
Although he has only been with the Student
Learning Centre since 2005, Allan has worked
for Massey developing multimedia education
applications since 1999. In earlier times these
were frequently packaged on interactive CD
ROMs.Allan does not have a stock InformationTechnology background. In fact he has bachelor’s
and master’s degrees in business studies (the latter
with honours in marketing), both achieved
as a mature student. Allan’s level of academic
achievement is the more impressive when you
know that he is dyslexic. (A fact he asks people
to be aware of in their dealings with him.)
Allan is always looking for innovative ways of
using the web to help students. If he can’t help
you with a technical problem, then he should be
able to point you at someone who can.
Allan Smee
Online Consultant
owll.massey.ac.nz
[email protected]
Discover your future with MBA Open Days
This is your chance to: • sit in on a live MBA lecture
• discuss the programme with current students
Find out about an MBA open day in your area:
email: [email protected]
Te Kunanga
ki Purehuroa
• meet some MBA lecturers
• get your questions answered
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS
mba.massey.ac.nz
21
stars and cars
In the family
shifting forward
W
hen the squillionaire rock star, oil
magnate or Hollywood producer
order s 20 top-of-the-range
luxury German sports cars with identical
colours, fittings and specifications, there is a
fair a chance a young New Zealander will be
on the design team.
Massey technology graduate Simon Bate is living his childhood
dream of designing and building some of the world’s finest and fastest
cars.
Currently with the giant German company Audi AG, he has for the
past seven years lived in Germany working on some of the most famous
brands in the automotive world, including Mercedes and Porsche.
His employer, quattro GmbH, is an Audi subsidiary responsible for
customising the factory models. He works with a team of about 500,
about a quarter of them in the design area.
“In New Zealand when I grew up I always wanted to be involved
in car design and development. It was my dream. I was fascinated by
European cars, always drawing designs of actual and imagined cars and
I could tell you the acceleration speeds of all the models.”
Bate, 34, went to Awatapu College in Palmerston North and
completed a Bachelor of Technology in product development with
first class honours at Massey in 1993.
He then went to England for nearly two years, gaining a Master’s
in automotive design from Coventry University.
He spent a couple of years back in New Zealand working for the
Land Transport Safety Authority before returning to Europe and
finding work with Ruf Automobile GmbH, a company which modifies
Porsches in the same way AMG customises Mercedes Benz, BMW
has M, and Audi quattro.
Today he lives in the town of Neckarsulm (pop. 15,000, “a bit like
Feilding”) about 40 minutes drive from his former Stuttgart base in
southwest Germany.
Stuttgart is where motorcyles and four-wheeled motorcars were
invented by Gottlieb Daimler and Carl Benz and subsequently
industrialised by Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in 1887. It remains
a stronghold of the international automotive industry, the name even
appearing in the Porsche badge.
He says the Massey degree that set him on this path was valuable for
the broad range of skills it encouraged. “Product development is the
complete process of designing and manufacturing at product, including
researching the market, setting your aims, objectives, constraints, doing
the brainstorming, idea generation, screening those ideas, developing
and launching the product, and assessing marketplace performance.
“It teaches you how to design successful products in a systematic way.
22
James Gardiner writes
It was multi-disciplinary, so you learnt a lot
of stuff like foundational engineering skills,
mathematics, also marketing, design.
“We had a good overview of all these
different things which I think is good for
going on to management. I was interested
mainly in the manufactured product design
side, as opposed to processed products.”
Science and physics at school – and a chemistry catch up just before
starting – helped get him into the course.
“Things like metal work and tech drawing were helpful but probably
not essential. I think it’s always important when you’re developing
stuff to know how things work and how they feel mechanically with
your hands.”
In the German car industry tertiary qualifications are respected,
Bate says. “They even said when I was at Mercedes that if I had a
PhD it would have made it easier to get into management positions
but at Audi they have a policy that they pay you for the job you do
and not for your qualifications.
“The workplace is mainly Germans with a sprinkling from all over
the world but you speak, write and read in German and that’s quite
a challenge.”
Large companies tend to strictly enforce the law on working hours,
which are restricted to 10 a day. Audi actually specifies that staff in this
field may not start before 7am or finish later than 6.45pm.
That means anyone who goes in earlier will not be paid for their
time before 7am, he says, and anyone who leaves later may find
themselves ticked off for doing so.
“Outside the building where I work are rows and rows of new
Audi RS4s and these new sports cars they’re building and several
Lamborghinis as well that they use as test mules for new Audi and
Lamborghini components.
“These days Audi is considered to be pretty much on a par with
Mercedes and BMW. Having worked at Mercedes, I know that they
consider Audi to be, particularly with the quality of the interiors the
yardstick, better than Mercedes.The image is perhaps slightly different,
but from a quality perspective they’re comparable.
“Audi have just recently launched the S6 which is the sports version
of the A6, which is a 5.2 litre V10 with something like 450 horse
power. That’s pretty impressive.”
Equally impressive is the sheer spending power of some of the
customers.
While the escalating cost of fuel means car designers are paying
closer attention than ever to fuel, the buyers of quattro vehicles are
wealthy enough not to care.
In the family
They are prepared to pay
top dollar ­ – or Euro – to
not only get the best but to
have it customised to their
individual preferences.
“ We ’ve a c t u a l l y g o t
customers who are celebrities
and I can’t tell you who
they are – household names,
mu s i c i a n s , roya l t y f ro m
around the world – and they
order a car and they want
this colour and this interior,
this trim, special stuff and we
deliver it.
“I did hear of a guy who
ordered 20 of the top model
Audis the other day, all the
same, apparently so he can
have them stationed all round
the world and every country
he would get out at the
airport and have one of these
Audis looking exactly the
same as all the other places.
I can’t remember his name
but, again, I couldn’t tell you if I did.”
What he likes about living in Germany, apart from the car industry,
is its location in central Europe.
“Drive about three hours south of here and you have the choice
of the German, Austrian, Swiss and Italian alps. I particularly like the
Italian alps. I was in the Dolomites in early June with a friend visiting
from New Zealand. It was just before the main European summer
when it gets very crowded and we had a wonderful time.”
When he is not visiting friends, touring Europe or working, Bate
is involved in a Christian inter-denominational church in Stuttgart.
The church is international and largely English-speaking.
He enjoys the connections it gives him in a society where people
can be inclined to keep to themselves but says primarily it is about his
belief in God and the purpose and meaning that gives him.
He finds it slightly disappointing that the majority of Germans call
themselves Christian yet many of the historic churches are underutilised and often the people have almost no actual faith, although
they might not appreciate the distinction.
“New Zealanders are a little different in that a lot are quite clear
Simon, aged 11, and Matthew, 13, on their first day of intermediate and secondary schools
respectively, January 1983.
The Bate brothers
“We never pushed them; they just always worked hard and did
well,” says Marilyn Bate, the mother of Simon and Matthew. “They
pushed themselves a bit.”
Simon Bate says of his brother, “Matthew was always very
academic, very good at mathematics, physics, sciences. I did well at
those subjects but he was exceptional.”
Matthew went to Palmerston North Boys’ High School, where
he was joint dux, while Simon spent the latter part of his secondary
school years at Awatapu College.
Mrs Bate, a former primary school teacher, and her husband
Russell, a city council roading engineer, also have two daughters,
Jo and Sarah.
that they don’t even consider themselves to be Christian, it’s more
openly secular.”
He does note considerable pride among Germans, including in
his own (Protestant) church, at the election of the German Cardinal
Joseph Ratzinger as Pope Benedict XVI.
There is even a car story to go with it: The German owner of a
Volkwagen Golf discovered that the new Pope was a previous owner
of the car and was then able to sell it in an internet auction for many
times its market value.
Bate says he misses family and friends in New Zealand and tries to
return once a year or at least every 18 months.
Car design as a career is something that you have to be truly keen
on, he reckons.
“If you’re really nuts about it, like I was, and you want to go for
it, you can do it. I think if you’re a New Zealander you don’t want
to forget that a job that takes you overseas has its benefits but, being
away from home, there’s a price to pay.”
23
stars and cars
In the family
starmaker
M
assey alumnus Matthew Bate is
Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics
at Exeter University. In early 2006
he returned to New Zealand to holiday and visit
family. He spoke with Massey’s Professor Tony
Signal.
Your Massey degree was a double major in physics and computer
science. What was the draw?
Physics was my main interest, right through school and on to university.
When I was a teenager I built a telescope with my father; I still have
it. My interest in computer science also goes back to school days. I
joined the computer club during my first year at Palmerston North
Boys’ High.
Computer science and physics was a good combination. What I do
now is numerical astrophysics, so it’s computationally-based. I run
fluid dynamics codes but in an astrophysical context.
And astrophysics?
At the end of Massey I had to decide between astrophysics or particle
physics and I decided particle physics was a bit too abstract. I wanted
more hands on, plus I had always been very interested in astronomy.
Mum says it was because I was born two weeks after the first moon
landing, but I am not sure that has much to do with it.
Did you feel at a disadvantage to students who had studied
astrophysics when went to Cambridge University for your PhD?
Astrophysics is basically just applied physics. If you have a good
background in maths and physics, anything else you can pick up on
the way. In fact, in some ways I think it is best to do ‘hard’ physics
first rather than astrophysics.
What exactly do you work on at Exeter?
I am probably best known for using supercomputers to model the
formation of star clusters. The models begin with a turbulent cloud
of hydrogen and helium gas, usually ranging from one to several light
years across and containing anywhere from fifty to a thousand times
the mass of our sun. As these gas clouds evolve, regions within them
24
collapse under their own gravitational weight,
and once that collapse begins the formation
of a star or several stars is inevitable. In the
animations on my website [see http://www.
astro.ex.ac.uk] you can see clouds of gas
collapsing to form clusters of tens, dozens,
or even hundreds of stars.
So is it a matter of writing the computer code and letting the program
run or is there more to it?
Over a decade has gone into the code’s development, so now you just
set the initial conditions, let it run, and wait – the simulations run on
many processors, but they still take many months to perform.
While I am on holiday here in New Zealand I have a calculation
chugging away in the UK. I just log in from time to time to check
on it.
Then you analyse the results of those simulations, looking at the
statistics of objects and comparing them to the statistics of observed
systems.
You can look at the distribution of stellar masses and the numbers of
stars you see in binary star systems as opposed to single stars like our
sun.You can look at the radii and masses of the discs of gas surrounding
the stars and then compare that with the numerical simulations to get
an idea of what physics you are missing in the calculations.
Analysing the properties of the smaller clusters is quite easy; you
almost know each object by name. But when you are dealing with
around 1000 objects you need to have some good ways of analysing the
data. The total amount of data from each simulation is around one or
two terabytes. The analysis can take as long as the simulation itself.
What is the relationship between observation and theory?
There’s a lot of information that you can compare things to. The
nearest star-forming regions to us are about 500 light years or so away.
With the Hubble space telescope we can get quite a good picture of
how stars are forming.
Astrophysics is still an observationally-driven subject.We are always
seeing new things, especially, at the moment, in planet formation.
I don’t do observations myself, but I talk to and work with a lot
In the family
observational astronomers and they like the theoretical models because
they make testable predictions. All the time you have an interplay
between theory and observation. Observers will tell you that they
can observe such-and-such, and you will fit that with your models
and make more predictions.
For example?
The best example I can give you relates to the formation of brown
dwarfs. These are stars whose mass is too small for them to fuse
hydrogen into helium. So when they form they are very bright but
they fade away over time.
The first brown dwarf was discovered in 1995, but we now know
of hundreds of them and we are getting an idea of their masses and
how common they are.
The numerical simulations I have done seem to show that brown
dwarfs start to form in interstellar gas clouds as if they were stars, but
that gravitation interactions eject them soon after they form, before
they have had enough time to accumulate much mass. Stars form in
the same way, but they sit there longer and gather more mass.
Using this model you can make predictions about what it means for
the properties of brown dwarfs in particular. If they have to undergo
interactions with other brown dwarfs and with stars in order to be
ejected, then you wouldn’t expect them to have companions such as
other brown dwarfs orbiting around them. And indeed, while some do
come in pairs, the pairs of brown dwarfs all seem to be much closer
together than typical stellar binaries, and this may be an indication
that the model is correct.
But it is only an indication, so many observers are putting in time
measuring the number of brown dwarfs in binaries. Young brown
dwarfs also have discs around them which will presumably form
planetary systems. The models predict that these discs should be very
small, but for the moment our instruments lack the resolution to
measure the sizes accurately. This is an instance where observation is
lagging behind modelling.
How do you observe brown dwarfs?
When they first form, brown dwarfs are quite bright, so one place
to look is in star-forming regions where stars are only typically one
Professor Matthew Bate
Professor Matthew Bate graduated from Massey in 1991 with a BSc
in Physics and Computer Science and with a BSc (Hons) in Physics
from Massey in 1992. Supported by a Cambridge Commonwealth
Trust Prince of Wales Scholarship, he gained his PhD in astrophysics
at Cambridge University, graduating in 1996.
He began work as a lecturer at Exeter University in 2001, shortly
after the University’s astrophysics programme was founded. He was
appointed Reader in 2003 and Professor in 2005.
In 2003 Professor Bate was the recipient of a Philip Leverhulme
prize, an award carrying with it £50,000 in funding over two years
towards the cost of research. In 2005 he was named as one of 25
European Young Investigators.The accompanying funding of £900,000
will enable Professor Bate to devote the next five years of his career to
research and to fund research staff and postdoctoral students.
Professor Tony Signal
Professor Tony Signal’s field is
theoretical particle physics and his
particular research interest the quark
structure of the proton and the
neutron. Professor Signal holds a BSc
(Hons) from Massey 1985 and a PhD
from the University of Adelaide (1988).
He was appointed Professor of Physics
in 2002. He holds Distinguished Teacher Awards from the Institute of
Fundamental Sciences for the years 2003, 2004, and 2005. He was elected
a Fellow of the NZ Institute of Physics in 2004, and awarded a New
Zealand Science and Technology Bronze Medal in 2005.
If you are interested in courses of study in physics, contact
Professor Tony Signal, Professor of Physics, phone +64 6
356 9099 ext 7844, email [email protected], or visit
him at Science Tower C, 4.26, Turitea site, Palmerston
North campus.
25
stars and cars
Interview
In a frame from one of Professor Bate’s simulations, stars and brown dwarfs begin to form in the
dense cores of an originally-uniform gas cloud 2.6 light-years across and containing 500 times
the mass of the Sun. The frame shows the state of the cloud at 190,000 years.
to two million years old – our sun, by contrast, is five billion years
old. The other place to look is in regions which are close to us: those
within about 30 light years. Infrared telescopes can pick out brown
dwarfs if they are close enough. This is a good way of finding binary
pairs of dwarfs as the separation between the pairs is quite wide in
the sky and you can actually resolve them with the Hubble telescope
and the ground-based telescopes in Chile and Hawaii.
You have also had some influence on the way we think planets
form.
I have been interested in how Jupiter-like planets – very massive
gas-type planets – form. [Jupiter is 318 times more massive than
Earth and has 1300 times the volume.] Until we found other
planetary systems we thought that all planetary systems would be
like ours with terrestrial rocky planets in close and gas giants out
further. But when we began to find other planetary systems – and
we now know of about 200 planets – we found they were very
different to ours. Many have massive gas-type planets like Jupiter
but in very close orbits – orbits closer to their stars than Mercury’s
orbit is to our sun. This raises many questions about how these
planets form and behave.
If you go back to the literature, you find that back in the 1980s
someone predicted that once a giant gas planet forms it should slowly
spiral in closer and closer to its star. People had rejected this idea
because it didn’t match with our own solar system, but now it has
been resurrected.
So I have been looking at the interaction between a protoplanet
and the gaseous disc in which it is forming. Basically the planet loses
angular momentum as it spirals in towards the star, and it gives that
26
angular momentum to the disc. But this raises other questions, such
as does the planet stop nearing the star at some point or does it spiral
into it, and if it stops, what makes it stop?
Another question is how the planet forms. The typical model for
Jupiter-mass planet formation starts with dust: the dust particles stick
together, you end up with metre-sized rocks, they then collide together
to give you planetesimals [larger objects, many with a diameter of
around 10km], and eventually you end up with an Earth-sized object
of say 10 or 20 Earth-masses, and once you end up with that mass
you have run-away gas accretion on to that object.
Most people favour this rocky-core-and-runaway-accretion theory.
But if we look at Jupiter – and space probes have been sent to Jupiter
– then the best we can say is that the core is somewhere between
zero and around 15 Earth-masses. Now close-to-zero would be a
big problem: it would mean there is no core there for this accretion
model to work.
But there is another possibility: a gravitational instability in the gas
disk leading to an immediate collapse to form a Jupiter-sized object.
This is something I have been modelling.
How are you enjoying Exeter?
Devon, the county Exeter is in, has nice beaches and the moors for
hiking and tramping, so it’s a good place for outdoor activities, and
Exeter itself is big enough to have what you want but not so big you
feel trapped.
What is your life outside work?
My job means I get to get to travel a lot to international conferences
and seminars, and I enjoy that. Family – I have a wife and two
children – work and travel take up most of my time, and I garden a
bit as well.
And the Exeter astrophysics programme now has a New Zealand
connection.
Yes, that’s right. In Exeter’s Master of Physics – a degree similar to a
BSc Hons in New Zealand – the students have the option of spending
their third year abroad in Europe, North America, Australia or New
Zealand.The New Zealand option, which was first offered a couple of
years ago, is proving the most popular, beating Australia hands down.
But of course we need universities to send students to.
Currently we have one student here at Massey and there will
probably be more here next year and in future years.
I will look forward to seeing them, and to more Massey students
heading Exeter’s way.
Alumni
Beer on the edge
Di Billing writes
W
hen the smart international lifestyle
magazine BellaOnline discovered
Mata beer, they apparently also
discovered New Zealand. Mata’s Manuka was
described by Bella’s Beer and Brewing editor as
a topaz wonder but the serious adjectives were
saved for its country of origin.
New Zealand, wrote Carolyn Smagalski, “is a
land of geographical isolation, a medley of coastal
aberrations and glacial edges, split in the centre
by the tectonic fault line, a constant reminder of
Earth’s instability and erratic inclination.”
When the review appeared TammyViitakangas
and her partner Jaysen Magan ticked off another
milestone. They are strategic and ambitious
about promoting their beer, which they started
producing barely a year ago in October 2005.
They intend it to be “the beer of New Zealand”,
not iconic in the sense that Tui and Steinlager
are regarded domestically, but more as a beer that
looks, tastes and, yes, feels, but most of all evokes
New Zealand.
Mata means “edge, freshness, rawness” and
the slogan selected for their company, Aotearoa
Breweries NZ Ltd, is: “A beer from the edge.”
The distinctive labels on their beers make them
instant table and conversation pieces.“If you look
at the front of the bottle,” says Tammy,“above the
Mata logo is an abstract drawing of the North
Island. Spin the bottle around to the right and
there is an abstract of the South Island. The gap
between the labels represents the fault line which
runs through the middle of the country.”
In the longer term,Tammy and Jaysen mean
international business. In the meantime, they
are based in the small, central North Island
town of Kawerau.The location of the brewery
is in no way haphazard and certainly not
sentimental, although it is Tammy’s hometown.
Her parents Gloria and Jouni Viitakangas have
lived their entire married lives there. Jouni
has been there even longer. He arrived from
Finland more than 40 years ago as a youngster
among the early Finnish families who travelled
to Kawerau to help run the then new Tasman
Pulp and Paper Mill, now owned by Swedish
company Norske Skog.
When Tammy and Jaysen came up with a
business plan for a boutique brewery, Jouni
had taken early retirement from the mill
and was looking for adventure. The brewery
is now fully a family business. Tammy is
managing director and head brewer. Jaysen,
an industrial technologist, looks after IT
and logistics and assists with brewing. “My
mum Glor ia is responsible for sales and
marketing,” says Tammy. “My dad Jouni and
my uncle Esko are also brewers and with
their fantastic handyman skills have pieced
together a second hand brewery to exactly
how I wanted it.
“Jaysen is currently involved with the
integration of an SAP (Systems Application
Protocol) computer system for enterprise
resource planning which gives us great
control over the business.”
The idea of creating a brewery to produce
a unique New Zealand beer began during
Tammy’s student days at Massey when she
learnt about beer brewing in a paper towards
her Bachelor of Technology, majoring in
biotechnology and bioprocess engineering.
She was captured by the process. So was fellow
student Jaysen who also graduated Bachelor of
Technology. They travelled overseas together
and their ideas took shape when they reached
Belgium. Both beer drinkers, they loved the
Belgian beer but most of all they loved that it
reflected the traditional, staunch but rollicking
character of the country itself.
Belgium remained the benchmark but they
found the same ability to drink in the character
of a country in other parts of Europe. “Most
beers were stamped with a local flavour which
we felt was missing from New Zealand brands,”
says Jaysen. “This made us think there was a
market back home for a new style of beer with
a distinct taste of New Zealand.”
B a c k i n A u c k l a n d , Ta m my b e g a n
experimenting on a bench scale over a period
of two years then approached her parents
with the idea of a boutique brewery based in
Kawerau. The tiny town not only provided
the support and expertise of family but was
also well placed for easy distribution to target
markets, with the first to be the Bay of Plenty.
Otakiri also had a source of pure artesian water,
which they identified as an essential point of
difference for their beers.
27
Alumni
An empty retail complex, languishing after
a series of retrenchments at the mill, was
transformed into a microbrewery capable of
producing 3600 litres a week.They purchased
Wellington microbrewery Strongcroft and
transpor ted the brewing equipment to
Kawerau. “Everyone, including my brother
Esko, pitched into the construction work,”
Jouni says. “While we did that, Glor ia
concentrated on marketing.”
Brewing began in October 2005 with the
first batch of two Mata handcrafted premium
beers ready for drinking five weeks later.
They began selling the beer through Bay
of Plenty restaurants and started counter
sales at the brewery just before Christmas.
An estimated month’s supply sold out in a
week and a half. They are now supplying
the beer to selected Auckland restaurants
and to a Wellington retail outlet, with more
in the wings.
Part of the character of Mata beers is that
they are natural with no preservatives and are
brewed with pure Kawerau artesian water.
The hops come from Nelson, the brewing
grains from Europe and the yeast from the
United States.
To quote the blurb, Mata Manuka is
golden-coloured ale with the fresh, clean
bite of native Manuka honey. “The beer is
hopped to impart a hint of cinnamon-like
spice giving a complementary balance of
flavours,” says Tammy.
28
The Artesian is “a refreshing, crisp-tasting,
light bodied ale with a hybrid of both ale and
lager characteristics edged with a Nelsongrown hop.”
Like Belgian beers, both beg to accompany
good food. As a further marketing tactic, the
family began to promote the excellence of
their beers as a partner to good, distinctively
New Zealand food, via their own web page
and in foodie magazines, working with
Hastings-based chefs Aaron and Lena Clulow.
Mata Artesian and Smoked Flame Grilled
Beef Fillet. Mata Artesian and Spiced Crusted
Duck. Mata Manuka and BBQ Chili Kelp
Crayfish. Mata Manuka and Fish Pie. The
concept of good food as almost a second
thought to good beer is novel.
Tammy is working on her new beer, due
to be released shortly. In the meantime, the
family has been well pleased to tick off two
milestones they had not expected to reach so
quickly. One was the winning of two bronze
medals: in the pale ales section of the New
Zealand International Beer Awards in April
this year, and in the BrewNZ Beer Awards
in September, just months after producing
their first beers.
Another, to which we can only
raise a topaz toast, was an appearance
in MASSEY magazine. “We hoped
we’d hear from you,” said Jaysen
when we first rang. “We just thought
it might take a little longer.”
SMOKEY FLAME GRILLED
BEEF FILLET WITH ROASTED
VINE TOMATOES & BASIL
HOLLANDAISE with Mata Artesian
MARINADE
1 clove garlic (thinly sliced)
1/4 cup
whisky
1 tbsp
smoked hickory BBQ sauce
1 tbsp
oil
1 tsp
pepper
1
thick beef fillet
Rub all ingredients into beef fillet, stand at room
temperature for 1 hour
TOMATOES
1 clove
garlic (thinly sliced)
1 tbsp
olive oil
salt & pepper
1 sprig
oregano (chopped)
Roast in oven until skin’s just pop
BASIL HOLLANDAISE
175g butter
1 each
egg
1 tbsp
rice vinegar
1 tbsp
mirin
1 tbsp
basil (thinly sliced)
Melt the butter, place other ingredients in a bowl and whisk
over a water bath until thickened and aerated, remove
from heat, whisk in butter slowly, stir in basil and season,
squeeze 1/2 lemon if needed
STEAK
Char-grill on BBQ on all sides.
Place small handful of woodchips onto a piece of tin foil,
place beef on a rack above chips cover with a lid and smoke
for 5 minutes.
Add another 1/4 cup of whisky to left over marinade, place
beef on hot plate, pour over marinade, and roll beef around
until marinade has all gone.
Allow to rest, while you roast the tomatoes and make the
hollandaise.
Slice the beef in half and serve, drizzle left over tomato oil
(from pan) on tomatoes, add a 1 tbsp of orcona rocoto chilli
relish under tomatoes.
Recipes by: Aaron and Lena Clulow
THE KEN &
ELIZABETH
POWELL BEQUEST
Ken Powell knows how things
work. And how to fix them if
they don’t.
In fact, he has spent a lifetime
correcting precision equipment.
Since WWII, Ken and the ‘boys’
in his Palmerston North shop
have serviced all sorts of gauges
and levels, survey and aero
equipment. For decades, items
would be sent to Ken, from as far
north as Kaitaia to as far south
as Bluff, to be restored, mended,
adjusted and modified.
Over time, Ken has developed
a keen perception of the
importance of being able to
measure and describe the world
with accuracy.
Enter Elizabeth, the real love
of Ken’s life. Elizabeth helped
deliver thousands of children into
the world in her role as a local
midwife and registered nurse.
Together, they have witnessed
huge changes in technology in
their fields of work.
While neither Ken nor Elizabeth
studied at Massey University,
they decided to make a bequest
within the Foundation to enable
students to explore the wonders
of technology.
“Having no children of our own,
we see this as our way of giving
technology students in our home
town a helping hand,” says
Elizabeth. “Technology has been
at the heart of our lives and work
and we want our bequest to give
people who are enthusiastic
about technology an extra edge,”
enthuses Ken.
Students share the same
passions as you do. Consider
the impact you could have in
nurturing the development of
their futures. Like the Powells,
you could leave a bequest to
Massey University specifically
targeted to areas important
to you.
The Powell Bequest will be
used to support scholarships
and research in aspects of
technology within the University.
Funding like the Powell Bequest
ensures that Massey students
are given the help they need to
imagine new ways to measure
and describe the world, now and
in the future.
FUNDING
THE FUTURE
MAKing A BEQUEST
TO MASSEY UNIVERSITY
Please contact Mike Freeman at
Massey University Foundation,
Private Bag 11 222,
Palmerston North, New Zealand
[email protected]
+64 04 801 4820
29
Massey university Foundation
Supporting excellence in education & research
Dr Seo & Head of Institute Prof Mazierska
Dr Snell, Visiting
Dr Seo,
Fellow in Health and Visiting Fellow in
Exercise Science
Telecommunications
Master Class
Seminar Series
2006
The first of three Fellows under
the ‘Massey University Foundation
Outstanding Achiever’ banner, Dr
Peter Snell, a leading research
scientist based in Texas (and iconic
New Zealander), will be working
with Massey’s Institute of Food,
Nutrition and Human Health to
establish research collaborations.
Massey was the first university in
the world to put the disciplines of
food technology, human nutrition,
physiology, sport and exercise
together and to practise them as
a fundamental multi-disciplinary
scientific pursuit, an approach
favoured by Dr Snell. Institute staff
and Dr Snell will explore areas such
as the health impacts of ageing, the
mix of diet and exercise to promote
a healthy lifestyle, and diabetes in
Ma-ori and Pacific Islands peoples.
This fellowship is in association
with Telecom New Zealand.
Drawing together representation
from industry leaders such as
AGMARDT, Fonterra, Landcorp,
PrimePort Timaru and ZESPRI,
the Alistair Betts Memorial Trust
for Agribusiness Excellence held
seminars at five centres around
the country during a busy week in
July with internationally renowned
speakers Dr Ong Poh Seng and
Dr Alan Jackson. Together, they
inspired, informed and entertained
agribusiness audiences with ideas
and examples to maximise New
Zealand’s opportunities in the
international consumer market.
30
Also visiting under the ‘Massey
University Foundation Outstanding
Achiever’ banner is eminent
engineer Dr Jung Uck Seo,
recognised as a world leading
figure in telecommunications and
network engineering. Dr Seo is
credited with the development
and commercialisation of a digital
cellular mobile telephone system
based on CDMA technology.
With a glittering career in
government, industry and
academia, Dr Seo is helping link
Massey’s Institute of Information
Sciences and Technology with
New Zealand industry and trade,
with Korea and the world. The
Foundation supports this rare
opportunity to combine leading
academic research with industrial
collaboration.
Concurrently, the Trust ran
a competition for emerging
agribusiness leaders. The winner
will attend a Marketing Strategy
and Planning Course at the China
International Europe Business
School in Shanghai next year.
Reviews
Reviewers: Professor Glynnis Cropp (GC), Professor Jenny Carryer (JC), Makere Edwards, (ME) Jennifer Little (JL), Malcolm Wood (MW)
Pacific History
Where Fate Beckons. The Life of JeanFrançois de La Pérouse
by John Dunmore, Exisle Publishing,
ISBN:0-908988-53-2, NZD $49.99
Beside his scholarly English editions of the
journals of de Surville, Bougainville and La
Pérouse, John Dunmore, the pre-eminent
historian of French exploration of the Pacific,
has written a biography of each of these
navigators. In his words, he wanted ‘to put
a human face’ on the explorer, to envisage
him in the social and cultural context in
order to understand motivation and assess
achievement. Where Fate Beckons is in all
respects an excellent companion volume
to Storms and Dreams. Louis de Bougainville:
Soldier, Explorer, Statesman (2005). To present
the whole life of these explorers, Professor
Dunmore has encompassed much more than
Pacific history. The backdrop is 18th century
France, the Age of Enlightenment, when the
philosophes debate the notion of the ‘noble
savage’, noble birth ensures the right to
privileges, scientific knowledge is growing,
and efforts are being made to reduce the
unknown parts of the world.
La Pérouse’s life from birth in 1741 to his
mysterious disappearance off Vanikoro Island
in the Pacific in 1788 is narrated on the basis
of documents, and with a small measure of
authorial imagination, to give a full, judiciously
balanced account. Of noble family background,
he left Albi in the south-west of France in 1756
to undertake naval training in Brest, where
his advancement owed something to Albi
connections. He served during the Seven Years
War with Britain and on a mission to the West
Indies; based at Isle de France (Mauritius), he
served in the Indian ocean (1772-77), where
he first commanded a ship and also heard much
about exploration of the Pacific; then he took
part in the American Campaign (1778-82), and
undertook a secret mission to north Canada.
La Pérouse thus had nearly 30 years of naval
experience and wartime action before he
sailed for the Pacific. Zealous and ambitious,
he had gained promotion and the confidence
of his superiors. However, his father’s jealous
protection of the family’s noble status was an
obstacle to La Pérouse’s marriage to Eléonore
Broudou, with whom he fell in love in Isle de
France. Eventually they married in 1783, when
his rank and standing, his independence of
mind, as well as his love, made him courteously
inform his family and the navy of his marriage
plans, without seeking their approval.
One third of the book is devoted to the
Pacific voyage (1785-88), which was under
discussion by the navy, the Minister of marine,
and scientists, when La Pérouse returned from
America. Louis XVI approved and supported
this major scientific expedition to survey new
areas. La Pérouse was appointed commander,
with the immediate task of selecting officers and
scientists for the two ships, the Boussole and the
Astrolabe. The route was around Cape Horn to
Easter Island, then north to Alaska in order to
explore the American coast down to Monterey,
California; from there, the expedition sailed
westwards to the unknown seas north of Japan,
then south to Botany Bay, Australia. Reports
and correspondence were dispatched to France
from ports along the way. The consignment
entrusted at Botany Bay to Captain Phillip’s
fleet includes the planned itinerary for the last
stages: north to the Santa Cruz and Solomon
Islands, then westwards along the west coast
of New Holland as far as Diemen’s Land, then
northwards to reach Isle de France in December
1788. But the last sighting by Europeans was as
the ships sailed from Botany Bay on 10 March
1788. When news reached France that the
expedition was overdue, the country was in
Revolutionary turmoil. Nevertheless, in April
1791, the King authorised a rescue expedition,
which spent about ten months in 1792-93
searching around New Caledonia and the Santa
Cruz group, even sighting from a distance and
recording on map the island which wasVanikoro,
where La Pérouse’s ships had been wrecked.
Fate determined that La Pérouse’s Pacific
expedition was unfinished, his goal unattained.
Fate also determined that the mystery persist.
For since Peter Dillon’s efforts in 1827 (which
the Prologue evokes in a lively scenario) until
today, when diving equipment and DNA analysis
can be used, the Vanikoro site continues to be
explored, with small but significant findings of
traces of the ships and their men.
There are vivid scenes, such as of Port-Louis,
Isle de France, well documented descriptions,
such as of Hudson’s Bay, and moving accounts of
two tragedies on the Pacific voyage, which deeply
affected La Pérouse. A careful navigator, with
special interest in hydrography, he commanded
with authority and diplomacy, showing courage,
humanity and compassion. His name and life
resound still, for the circumstances of his final
overwhelming struggle with the forces of nature
cannot be known.
This is a book not only for readers of
Pacific history, but also for those interested
in eighteenth-century Europe and history of
warfare. —GC
Chalk and Cheese
by Emeritus Professors Nan Kinross and Norma Chick,
Central Publishing Bureau, $29.00
(contact [email protected])
This book is a wonderful insight into Massey’s
history of nursing education, the people who
have contributed to that history and the particular
contribution of two notable and leading nurse
academics.
The book is constructed through woven
narratives. This works well, allowing the
individual personalities and different lives
of these two leaders to shine through. The
establishment of the Bachelor of Nursing for
registered nurses in 1973 and the subsequent
growth and strength of a masters and doctoral
program is a credit to two strong and visionary
nurses. It is clear through the pages of this book
that both of them have made separate but vital
contributions to the development of nursing
and nursing scholarship in New Zealand. It is
interesting to observe the extent to which some
individuals can make such major contributions
and create such difference. It was also sobering
to reflect what a long hard journey it has been
and still is to establish what should be the
taken-for-granted parameters of a major health
discipline.
The book is a credit to Professor Nan Kinross
and Professor Norma Chick and all of those
who assisted in bringing it together. That they
were and are chalk and cheese is beautifully
illustrated in the book. What is also obvious
is that we need such differences; nursing is so
vast and so complex that it most certainly needs
many types of leaders working in many different
ways to continue the journey that women such
as these have carried so strongly.­ —JC
31
Reviews
Classic New Zealand Poets in Performance
Stick Insects
edited by Jack Ross, selected by Jack Ross and
Jan Kemp, Auckland University Press, paperback
with flaps, 2 audio CDs, ISBN-10:1869403673, ISBN13:9781869403676, NZD$45.00
by Steve Trewick and Mary Morgan-Richards,
Reed, ISBN: 186948570X, NZD$14.99
Jack Ross has spent much of the past two
years hearing voices.
Haunting voices. The voices of Janet Frame,
of James K Baxter, of Rex Fairburn, of Denis
Glover, of Hone Tuwhare, of Fleur Adcock and
many other poets.
Now New Zealanders listen in. Classic New
Zealand Poets in Performance includes two CDs
of recordings.
The Auckland-based Massey University
creative writing teacher, English lecturer and
author has been listening to archives both recent
and from 1974 as part of the sifting, selecting
process for publication.
Ross, who co-edited the book with poet Jan
Kemp, says the recordings go beyond the text
in showing how the poet intended words and
phrases to emphasised and inflected.
“Poems performed by their authors expand
meaning further, enhancing the rightness of
cadences and the exactness of language,” the
book’s editors say.
The book includes Denis Glover reading
his famed poem The Magpies with its immortal
onomatopoeia “Quardle oodle ardle wardle
doodle”.
The book brings together material from the
Waiata Recordings Archive collected in 1974, as
well as from the Aotearoa New Zealand Poetry
Sound Archive, completed in 2004.
The cover design features Pat Hanley’s 1983
painting Wonder Full. —JL
32
For children – and for adults too – the stick insect
is one of the insect world’s novelties: a piece of
vegetation come to life, often only spotted when
if moves from the tree on which it is feeding
to an adjacent fence or house wall. Yet stick
insects are all around us, in our bush and in our
gardens. New Zealand has 21 formally named
species and there may, according to Trewick and
Morgan-Richards, be others as yet uncollected
and studied.
What else might you like to add to your
collection of fascinating facts about stick insects?
Well, they lack ears, are exclusively herbivorous,
and, in the case of a Malaysian stick insect, have
been known to reach a length, legs included, of
56cm. Three of New Zealand’s more common
species have now settled southwest England.
Then there’s the matter of sex.That the male
of the species is often much smaller than the
female, isn’t that unusual (sexual dimorphism is
common among insects). More curious is that
some species of stick insect have dispensed with
males altogether, reproducing by parthenogenesis
(from the Greek partheno or virgin, and genesis
or birth).
In natural history appeal, insects are a hard
sell. Our species has a predilection for animals
of the large warm-blooded, furry or feathery
variety. If they are in their dewy-eyed cuddly
infancy, all the better.
But that’s not to say that the way we look at
our insect and invertebrate life can’t be changed.
Take the weta, emblem of our lauded special
effects studio. The weta is never going to going
to supplant the kiwi or kakapo in our national
affections, but it is a creature in which we now
take some perverse pride.
Books like this one enlarge our sympathies
and understanding. If you have a bright and
curious child with an interest in the natural
environment, and in insects particularly, this
would be a good purchase.
Stick Insects is the most recent in Reed’s
series of New Zealand Wild children’s books.
—MW
Mysteries of the virgin birth
Males, who needs them? If you are a
species trying to get ahead in the world,
surely it would be best to dispense with
them. Let every one of your members be a
female capable of bearing young without
the intervention of a male and you will
be able to breed twice as quickly. If one
of you ends up on a desert island, you
need not wait for a partner to be washed
up alongside.
The catch? If all of the members of
your species are near identical, then
that lack of variation is a liability. If the
environment changes, if a pathogen or
predator evolves, then the weakness of
one is the weakness of all. Hence sex,
in spite of its inherent inefficiencies, is
widespread.
How then do parthenogenetic femaleonly species, such as those belonging
to the stick insect genus Acanthoxyla
(spiny wood) manage to endure? And
how did the eight species of stick insect
belonging to Acanthoxyla, all of which
are parthenogenetic, evolve in the first
place? Did they evolve from a series of
sexual species, now extinct? Did they
evolve from asexual evolution from
a pathenogenetic ancestor? Or did
they arise from hybridising with other
stick insect species, or perhaps some
combination of these mechanisms? This
set of questions intrigued Massey’s Mary
Morgan-Richards and Steven Trewick,
who set about sequencing nuclear and
mitochondrial DNA from the genus
members and studying the structure of
their chromosome material.
On the evidence they have amassed
so far they favour the idea that the
Acanthoxyla is the product of one or more
hybridisation events involving species
from the sister genus Clitarchus. However,
matters are not clear cut: the maternal
species from which Acanthoxyla arose has
not been identified, and how so many
species arose so rapidly remains unclear.
Reviews
In the Face of the Enemy: The Victoria Cross
and New Zealand
by Glyn Harper and Colin Richardson, HarperCollins
New Zealand, paperback ISBN:1869505220,
NZD$35.99
Best and Bravest: Kiwis awarded the
Victoria Cross
by Glyn Harper and Colin Richardson, HarperCollins New
Zealand, paperback ISBN:1869505239, NZD$19.99
In the Face of the Enemy, the latest book by military
historian Associate Professor Glyn Harper, has
launched to a barrage of international media
interest.
Co-written by Dr Harper and Colonel Colin
Richardson, In the Face of the Enemy, examines the
events, politics and philosophies of the highest
Commonwealth military decoration for gallantry.
It features the controversial stories of the New
Zealand servicemen who were recommended for
the Victoria Cross but who did not receive it.
The book has been profiled in feature articles
in The Daily Telegraph (UK) and The Canberra
Times (Australia) and Dr Harper has been
interviewed by the BBC.
In a speech delivered at the book launch,
Minister of Defence Phil Goff described
the bronze Victoria Cross as “a symbol of
extraordinary courage, in the face of an enemy”.
He said the men awarded the Cross would likely
endorse the view expressed by Dr Harper and
Colonel Richardson that the award of gallantry
decorations can be something of a lottery.
“This is because extreme courage can go
unrecognised, or not be fully recognised… the
analysis of the way various factors featured in the
chain of decisions that lay behind the award of
eachVictoria Cross is one of the areas in which In
the Face of the Enemy breaks new ground.”
Of the servicemen who were recommended
for the VC but who did not receive one, the
story of Ma-ori Battalion Lance-Sergeant Haane
Manahi is pertinent amid current lobbying by the
ManahiVC Committee. Mr Goff said Sgt Manahi
displayed outstanding courage and leadership,
leading three men 500 feet up a near-sheer face
of a mountain. He was awarded a Distinguished
Conduct Medal.
“His citation for the VC was signed by those
who witnessed his exploits and supported
by the entire chain of command including
generals Alexander, Montgomery, Freyberg and
Kippenberger.”
The Ministry for Defence is working with the
committee to see if the case can be reconsidered,
acknowledging, however, that the consistent
position of the Palace since the late 1940s has
been to not revisit such decisions.
Mr Goff praised the book and “the fact that
Glyn Harper and Colonel Richardson have
again ensured that the feats of Haane Manahi
and others like him who deserved but did not
get the VC will not be forgotten”.
In the Face of the Enemy is nicely complemented
by Best and Bravest, where the stories from In
the Face of the Enemy are recounted for younger
readers. In fact, with its stirring tales of gallantry
and courage the book is ideally suited to boys
who may otherwise be reluctant readers.
Dr Harper heads the Centre for Defence
Studies at the Palmerston North campus and is
the author of several military histories. He joined
the Australian Army in 1988, transferring to the
New Zealand Army where he held the rank of
Lieutenant-Colonel until leaving in 2001.
Colin Richardson currently serves at the
headquarters of the New Zealand Defence
Force and has taught military history and
strategy at the Australian Army Command
and Staff College. He has a long interest in the
history of the Victoria Cross.
Both authors started their military careers as
Territorial Force soldiers in the 2nd Canterbury
Nelson Marlborough West Coast Battalion in
the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment, a
unit that claims five Victoria Crosses as part of
its heritage. ­­—JG
Professional Thesis Presentation: A stepby-step guide to preparing your thesis in
Micosoft Word
by Ken Benn and Cheryl Benn
Pearson Education New Zealand ISBN:1877371475
NZD$29.95
Full disclosure: this reviewer is no great fan of
Microsoft Word. I find it inelegant and nonintuitive, and when I can use other programmes
I will, but Word is the world’s default word
processing programme, so it is best to come to
grips with it.
This is never more important than when
setting out to produce a thesis. If you put a little
time in to learning the ways of Word before you
begin to write you will save yourself a great deal
of time and grief and be able to make the best
use of Word’s many powerful features.
Ken and Cheryl Benn’s Professional Thesis
Presentation is the ideal place to start: jargon-free,
clearly structured, and, at under 100 pages, a
manageable read.
Cheryl Benn is an Associate Professor in the
School of Health Sciences. Ken Benn is a writer
and runs his own business. — MW
Colonial Discourses: Niupepa Ma-ori
1855 – 1863
by Dr Lachy Paterson, Otago University Press,
ISBN:101877372269, NZD$39.95
A new book by Ma-ori history lecturer Dr
Lachy Paterson shows how the government
and churches used Ma- ori newspapers to
promote their policies, values and Christianity
and discourage traditional Ma-ori spiritual and
social practices.
Colonial Discourses: Niupepa Ma-ori 1855
– 1863 looks at how nine bilingual newspapers
provided a platform for propaganda and also
how they were used as a forum by Ma-ori and
Pa-keha- to debate issues of the day.
Dr Paterson says the government and the
churches published most of these papers in
both languages as a way of colonising and
assimilating Ma-ori into Pa-keha- society. They
also used the papers to promote the sale of land,
legislation and the advantages of the Pa-keha- way
of living.
He says Ma-ori also realised the power of the
press and the benefits of using newspapers to
spread their own messages. Two Waikato chiefs,
He-mara Rerehau and Wiremu Toetoe learnt
how to use a printing press when they were
invited to visit Vienna.The Emperor of AustroVienna gifted a press to the chiefs, and on their
return home they started up the Kingitanga
newspaper called Te Hokioi o Niu Tireni, which
was also used to influence thinking and promote
the Kingitanga movement.
Dr Paterson says Ma-ori also contributed
to the debates by writing in response. The
viewpoints varied, with some opposing the
views presented and others supporting them.
Ma-ori also saw an opportunity to allow a wider
audience to hear what had been said at hui, so
whaiko-rero and waiata at significant events were
also published.
The book will be of particular interest to all
those concerned with New Zealand’s social,
political and religious history. Dr Patersen
believes that the Ma- ori newspapers have
been under valued as an historical record of
Ma-ori-Pa-keha- relations and provide a window
into Ma-ori society in the 19th and early 20th
centuries.
The book is based on an eight-year span of
the newspapers from January 1855 to September
1863, covering a vital period in Ma-ori-Pa-keharelations, leading into the wars of the 1860s,
when many of the papers ceased printing
temporarily. ­— ME
33
Alumni notes and news
Australian Network Launches
What an amazing six months I have had as
Alumni Relations Manager! There have been
so many events to organise and opportunities
to meet with our alumni. I have met many
talented people who are so enthusiastic about
the Massey University alumni community.
My first experience of being involved
in the graduation ceremonies at Albany,
Palmerston North and Wellington was
fantastic. It was nice to see so many graduates
and their families celebrating their success.
In June we established our first Alumni
Chapter Committee in Auckland. In July
we held meetings in Melbourne, Sydney
and Brisbane to build our networks in
Australia. We launched our alumni chapters
in Wellington and Palmerston North
in September and we look forward to
establishing Chapter Committees in these
areas, this year. Early next year we will be
launching our Chapters in the Hawke’s Bay,
Canterbury and the Waikato.
Our apparel and memorabilia range
continues to expand. We have introduced
Swanndri apparel and degree frames.We have
even redesigned the Massey mug! The new
Massey Alumni wine is proving to be a huge
success; many thanks to Dr Jane Hunter.
Of special importance is the election
this year of two alumni to the University
Council. Enclosed with this magazine you
will find the voting papers. You will have
already received details of the process leading
to the nomination of the candidates listed
here. Please take the time to cast your vote.
Please keep in touch with us by filling
in and sending the Alumni and Friends
brochure back to us that is included in this
magazine or send us an e-mail at [email protected]
massey.ac.nz.We can only keep in touch with
you if we have up to date addresses.
There is so much more planned for 2007
and it is an exciting time to be part of the
Massey alumni community!
Leanne Fecser
Manager Alumni Relations
The Office of Development and Alumni
Relations successfully launched the Australian
Alumni and Friends Network in Melbourne,
Sydney and Brisbane in July this year.
The network was launched by the ViceChancellor Professor Judith Kinnear.Professor
Robert Anderson, Pro Vice-Chancellor,
College of Sciences attended the Melbourne
launch. The events were well supported in
each venue with 50 in Melbourne, 35 in
Sydney and 40 in Brisbane. Professor Kinnear
provided alumni with an update of “Massey
Today” and the Director of Development and
Alumni Relations, Mr Mike Freeman spoke to
alumni about the importance of the relationship
between alumni and the University.
The purpose of building the chapter networks
is to provide a means of communication between
the University and its alumni and friends.The aim
is to create an environment of opportunity and
support that is beneficial in a range of ways to all
involved. Our alumni were very pleased to see us
and have the opportunity to discuss ways that the
Office of Development and Alumni Relations
Melbourne Network: Chester Findlay and Professor
Judith Kinnear
Brisbane Network (from left): Ian Darby, Bert Biggs, Sandy
Box, Rob Box
New Zealand Alumni and Friends Networks
The Alumni and Friends Networks provide
a means of communication between the
University and its alumni and friends.
The aim of these networks is to create an
environment of opportunity and support
that is beneficial to the University and its
alumni. The networks are a fundamental part
of our strategy to engage with meaningfully
with our alumni. The strategy is unfolding
in close association with the work of the
Massey University Foundation.
In New Zealand we are creating a network
of regional chapters so as to best engage with
a wide range of the University’s alumni in
their own localities. We stress however that
no matter which campus attended, they are
alumni of Massey University as an entirety.
Launch of Wellington and Palmerston
North Chapters
The Wellington Launch (5 September) and the
Palmerston North Launch (27 September) were
attended by 226 and 200 people respectively.
Both audiences were addressed by ViceChancellor Professor Judith Kinnear. Dr Jane
Hunter from Hunter’s Wine attended the
Palmerston North launch to introduce the
Massey University Alumni wine.
The Alumni Relations Office will work with
alumni to establish chapter committees for
each of the Palmerston North and Wellington
chapters. At each venue staff and students
produced impressive displays of the work
conducted at the University.
Work is also under way to establish chapters
in Canterbury, Hawke’s Bay and the Waikato.
This will be completed in the early months
of 2007.
Auckland Chapter Committee
The first Auckland Chapter Committee
was established on 28 June 2006 with a
committee of nine alumni and friends. This
followed on from the launch of the chapter
in November 2005. The convenor of this
committee is John Barrand and the deputy
convenor is ElizabethWarner.The committee
to date has held two meetings and is working
closely with the Alumni Relations Office to
organise a programme of activities.
Palmerston North Chapter launch (from left): Dr Mary Simpson,
Pam Edwards, Jim Edwards
Alumni Relations • Private Bag 11 222 • Palmerston North • New Zealand •Phone: 64 6 3505865 • Fax: 64 6 3505786
Email: [email protected] • Web address: http://alumni.massey.ac.nz
34
Alumni notes and news
Alumni and Friends calendar of major events to June 2007
To date we have listed:
could assist them. Suggestions received by
alumni included facilitating collaborations
between them and our staff,providing mentors
for new graduates,offering a pool of excellence
that they could tap in to for advice,and assisting
alumni with strengthening research roles.We
will be working on these ideas as we continue
to build our networks.
If you would like to be involved in the
Australian networks and receive notification of
events please let us know by e-mail [email protected]
massey.ac.nz
24-25 November
Palmerston North Graduation
6 November
Establishment of Wellington Alumni Chapter Committee
13 November
Establishment of Palmerston North Alumni Chapter Committee
October/December
Court of Convocation elections
2007
February
BAgSc 1973-76 Reunion
February/March
Launch of alumni and friends chapter, Christchurch
February/March
Launch of alumni and friends chapter, Hawke’s Bay
18 – 20 April
Auckland Graduation
14 – 18 May
Palmerston North Graduation
29 May
Wellington Graduation
13 – 16 June
Mystery Creek Fieldays
Please note these details are provisional and should be confirmed with the Office of
Development and Alumni Relations. We will continually add events to this list, so to
confirm a reunion or event contact us at [email protected] or visit our website at
http://alumni.massey.ac.nz
Contact us if you would like to have a reunion or alumni and friends event you are
organising published in this calendar.
Sydney Network (from left): Kerry Wilson, Karen McLaughlan,
Denise Aldous, Jo Tims, Ros Thockloth, Claire
Fieldays 2006
Some of the University’s 83,000 alumni met
and unwound at the largest agricultural trade
show in the Southern Hemisphere - Fieldays at
Mystery Creek, Hamilton in June.
Memories are made of this
Auckland Chapter Committee (from left): Peter Zhang,
Elizabeth Warner (Deputy Convenor), Kay Paltridge, Ross
Smith, John Barrand (Convenor), Ken Wood, Fiona Ji, Angie
Cheong, Jan Bierman (absent)
Freelance agricultural journalist Richard Bentley graduated
with a Bachelor of Agricultural Science. Anne Bennett
completed a Diploma in Business Studies while working in
logistics in the New Zealand Army, and is currently the manager
of the Hamilton Young Womens’ Christian Association.
Wellington Chapter launch (from left): Professor Andrea
McIlroy, Dr Ruth Anderson, Mary Cull
Palmerston North Chapter launch (from left): Trish Barker,
Richard Gillingham, Margaret Gillingham
In 2005 Graham Christensen from the
Practical Work Office in the College of
Sciences came across a small photo album
dating from 1935-1936 and passed it on
to the Archives. The photographs on the
following pages show what it was like to be
a student (his name is unknown) at Massey
during that brief respite between the Great
Depression and the Second World War.
Next year Massey turns 80. Its rich history
is recorded in the University Archives. If
you would like to help the University
document its proud heritage by donating
such things as photographs, documents
or memorabilia to the Archives, you
can contact the University
Archivist Louis Changuion
by calling 06 350 4591,
emailing [email protected]
massey.ac.nz or visiting the
Archives in the Old Main
Building, room 1.05,
on the Palmerston
North campus.
‘Froggy’ Lelievre (left) and Jim Keir made the most of the
swimming pool (now the business studies car-park) as students
at the Massey Agricultural College in the days when the roll
topped 300. Mr Lelievre and Mr Keir graduated with Diplomas in
Agriculture in 1951 and 1954 and went on to successful careers
in dairy farming and farm consultancy respectively.
35
Alumni notes and news
New memorabilia and
apparel introduced
The Office of Development and Alumni
Relations is pleased to announce the
introduction of new items to the range of
memorabilia and apparel.
Diploma frames
The Massey University engraved diploma
frames are made from rimu timber with
non reflective glass and a matt border. The
backing materials in the frame are acid free for
document preservation. Frame Size: 550mm
x 445mm.Retail price : $99.00
Swanndri apparel
The jackets and vests are made from Merino
Flexiwool™ 100% merino, the finest New
Zealand wool. Its special knit construction,
along with Swanndri’s exclusive finishing
techniques, work together to keep the wind
at bay. Flexiwool™ is a stretch knit too, and
that means it allows superior freedom of
movement and maximum comfort for the
wearer.The Merino Flexiwool™ is also softer
than other woollen fabrics so it doesn’t itch.
With styling to suit both work and leisure,
these garments perform in the outdoors
as well as looking smart for business
meetings.
Retail prices:
Lyttelton Jacket (mens) - $225.00
Wanaka Vest (mens) - $145.00
Viaduct Jacket (ladies) - $225.00
Beaumont Vest (ladies) - $145.00
Pahia Shirt (short sleeved) - $65.00
Parkhurst Shirt (long sleeved) - $75.00
Procesh, the student parade through Palmerston North
36
LA Brooks Rugby Trophy Old Rivals dinner and rugby match
On Saturday 2 September Massey University
hosted the second of the revived rugby matches
with Lincoln University for the LA Brooks
Rugby Trophy. The rivalry between the two
former agricultural colleges in the form of a
rugby game between students went into hiatus
for nearly 40 years after being contested from
1952 to 1966.
The weekend started on Friday night with a
dinner organised by both Massey’s and Lincoln’s
alumni offices with Old Rivals from 1952-1966
and staff from both universities having the
opportunity to get together to swap stories and
rekindle the battles of the past. Some of the old
players had plenty of advice for the current crop
that attended the dinner.
Last year the Massey Ag XV ventured down
to Lincoln University for the resurrection of the
competition but lost the game 24-7. This year
the team went out to settle the score on the
home ground but lost the game 47-0. Next year
the game will be played on Lincoln soil and we
hope to see plenty of Old Rivals coming along
on the trip to support Massey.
Details on the timing of the match in 2007
will be sent to you at a later date. If you are
an Old Rival and did not receive notification
of this event please let us know by e-mail
[email protected] or phone 06 350 5865
and we would be happy to add you to the
mailing list.
Special thanks to Professor Ian Warrington,
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Palmerston North),
Massey University; Eimear Clowry, Sports
& Events Co-ordinator, Massey University;
Professor Roger Field, Vice-Chancellor,
Lincoln University; Sarah Currie, Alumni
Manager, Lincoln University and Jane Edwards,
Scholarship Manager, Lincoln University for
their involvement over the weekend.
Current Massey Ag XY players from left: Jeremy Harwood,
Andrew Bouton, Sam Werder, Mark Jackson, Scott Evans,
Matthew Flett
Massey Old Rivals from left: Harry Lampen-Smith, Ian Steffert,
Richard Gillingham, Hugh Clifford
Procesh started in 1935
Students haymaking
1
3
ORDER FORM
PRICE
QTY SIZE SUB
TOTAL
PER UNIT
ITEM
15
8
APPAREL
Please indicate size
18
1. Beanie (merino) One size
$ 20.00
2. Beanie (possum-merino) One size
$ 35.00
3. Beaumont women’s vest XS - XL
$145.00
4. Cap One size
$ 20.00
5. Hoodies (navy/grey) S - 2XL
$ 69.95
6. Ladies Microfleece Jacket XS - XL
$ 65.00
7. Lyttleton men’s jacket S - 3XL
$225.00
8. Paihia shirt navy/white short-sleeved S - 4XL $ 65.00
9. Polo Shirt (grey/navy) S - 3XL
9
5
7
14
$ 35.00
10. Parkhurst shirt navy/wh long-sleeved S-3XL
$ 75.00
11. T-shirt (navy/white) XS-3XL
$ 18.00
12. Polarfleece Sweatshirt S - 3XL
$ 57.50
13. Polarfleece Vest XS - 3XL
$ 50.00
14. Rugby Jersey (striped/harlequin) S - 3XL
$ 75.00
15. Scarf (merino)
$ 25.00
16. Scarf (possum-merino)
$ 45.00
17. T-Shirt - Ladies’ fitted (black/white) S - XL
$ 30.00
18. University Tie
$ 30.00
19. Viaduct women’s jacket XS - XL
$225.00
20. Wanaka men’s vest S - 3XL
$145.00
MEMORABILIA
12
2
6
4
16
10 19 20
17
21. Back Pack
$ 28.00
22. Bookmark
$ 7.00
23. Business Card Holder
$ 18.00
24. Briefcase (men’s)
$285.00
25. Briefcase (women’s)
$285.00
26. Coasters (Rimu set of 4)
$ 50.00
27. Coffee Mug
$ 12.00
28. Degree Frame
$ 99.00
29. Key Fob
$ 6.00
30. Lanyard (red/blue)
$ 4.00
31. Leather Purse
$ 70.00
32. Leather Wallet
$ 45.00
33. Pen (in gift tube)
$ 19.00
34. Photo frame (8in x 10in)
$ 45.00
35. Umbrella
$ 23.00
36. University Crest
$ 60.00
37. William Bear (in full graduation regalia)
$ 45.00
38. William Bear (PhD regalia)
$ 55.00
39. Wine Glasses (boxed set of 2)
$ 40.00
JEWELLERY
11 13
40. Charm (silver)
$ 9.00
41. Earrings (silver)
$ 26.00
42. Earrings (gold)
$ 50.00
43. Lapel pin (silver)
$ 29.00
44. Necklace (silver)
$ 35.00
45. Tie slide (silver)
$ 80.00
46. University ring (silver, men’s)
$105.00
47. University ring (silver, women’s)
$ 75.00
Postage & handling
$
NZ $5.00 • Overseas $30.00
Total
$
All prices GST inclusive • GST number 11-205-615
37
ALUMNI AND FRIENDS
37 34
ORDER FORM
36
To place an order:
FAX this form to:
+64 (06) 350 5786
31
POST this form to: (no stamp required)
Free Post Authority 114094
Alumni Relations Office
Old Registry Building
Massey University
Private Bag 11 222
Palmerston North
New Zealand
26
Or drop in and see our range at the following locations:
Alumni Relations Office
The Old Registry Building
Palmerston North Campus
33 22
24
30
38
Contact Office
Ground Floor, Block 4
Wellington Campus
Contact Office
Cashiers, Quad A
Albany Campus
You can also download the order form from our website:
http://alumni.massey.ac.nz
If you have any queries please contact us at:
[email protected]
24
40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47
DELIVERY DETAILS
Name (for order)
28
________________________________________
Delivery Address ________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
Country
________________________________________
Phone (work)
________________________________________
Phone (home)
________________________________________
Email
________________________________________
Signature
________________________________________
Date
________________________________________
21
23 25 27 32 33
PAYMENT METHOD
Cheque (made payable to Massey University)
Visa
35
Mastercard
Credit Card Number
Expiry Date
2
0
Cardholder’s Name
___________________________________
Cardholder’s Signature
___________________________________
38
29
39
Alumni notes and news
Former staff
Moray Wilson, a former staff member in Vet department
from 1959 to 1965, writes: “I have had a session with your
archivist (Lucy) but I suppose I have a few more details
and anecdotes about the early transition days. I’d be happy
to talk about it anytime.”
1969
Massey University and
Hunter’s Wine
The Office of Development and Alumni
Relations is pleased to announce the release
of “Massey University Alumni Wine”.
Hunter’s Wine has partnered with the
University to enable us to offer a superb
vintage in our name.The scholarship funds
benefit directly from wine sales and our
thanks go to Dr Jane Hunter for her very
generous assistance.
Dr Jane Hunter OBE is New Zealand’s
most acclaimed and awarded woman in
wine. In 1994 Jane was awarded an OBE
for her service to the wine industry and
in 1997 she was awarded an Honorary
Doctorate of Science from Massey
University. In 2004 Jane won the inaugural
“Women in Wine Award” at the prestigious
International Wine & Spirit Competition. Hunter’s Wine is acknowledged as the
company that sparked the international
awareness of Marlborough as an emerging
world wine region.
We were fortunate to have Jane attend
our Palmerston North Alumni Chapter
Launch on Wednesday 27 September and
officially introduce the wine.
The wine is available for distribution in
New Zealand.You will find an order form
enclosed with this magazine.
Graham Butler, Staff & Honorary, worked in agricultural
research and administration with DSIR at Turitea and
Wellington, retiring in 1986 as Director-General. He then
did technological forecasting with NZ Futures Trust. He
was on pesticides and veterinary medicines boards and on a
technical committee of the NZ Food and Safety Authority
and participates in Royal Society meetings.
1947
Brian Piper, Diploma in Horticulture, writes that after
about 13 years with Ministry Ag & Fish (BOP) mainly the
establishment of the kiwifruit industry, he established his
own kiwifruit and citrus fruit nursery in BOP. Since having
to give up horticulture for health reasons he has worked for
himself in carving and collecting stone and, more recently,
in carving pounamu (NZ greenstone).
1949
Douglas De Lautour, Diploma in Agriculture. From
1949 to 1957 Douglas was part of a management team
in Patagonia on a 50,000 acre property Estancis Condor
running 200,000 plus Corriedales. He introduced “Barren”
technique shearing and A.I. with selected flocks. He later
developed two sheep and cattle farms in Wairoa and Turangi
and developed a cartage business. He retired in 1993. His
hobbies include trout fishing, 61 years’ motorcycling (he
presently rides a 150 HP Lehman trike), wine and spirit
making. He has a share in a small vineyard, and has been a
member of Lake Taupo Rotary for 40 years.
BAgSc ‘76 reunion
A successful reunion of the BAgSc 1976
graduating class was held over the Easter
weekend with 24 people attending to share
stories and memories.
The weekend was low key, relaxing and
informal. It began with a tour and update of
campus developments by Professor Hugh Blair
(1976 graduate and Professor of Animal Science,
Massey University). This was followed by a
weekend spent relaxing, reliving old times and
hearing news of those who were unable to attend
the reunion. The group looks forward to seeing
more alumni in five year’s time when the next
reunion will be held.
Photos of the reunion can be viewed at
http://agsci76.blogspot.com
1954
Graham Simpson, Bachelor in Agricultural Science,
spent 40 years (1959-1999) as Professor of Plant Sciences
at the College of Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan
and was involved in several international development
projects along the way. Graham retired as Prof. Emeritus
in 1999 and celebrated by bicycling across Canada from
west to east in 79 days. “I still play squash and go crosscountry skiing trying to outperform my children and
grandchildren. Looking back the best years of my life were
the six at Massey, then just a college. Lots of fun mixed with
a smidgen of hard work!”
1958
Bruce Callaghan, Diploma in Agriculture, writes that he
has happily retired in Picton after 30+ years of valuation
and farm supervision for the Public Trust.
Arthur Duncan, Bachelor in Agricultural Science, retired
in mid-2000, having completed 38 years in the fertiliser
industry, which he joined after nearly five years in the
Department of Agriculture. He has now moved back home
to Dunedin to be closer to his family and fifth grandchild,
which was due in July.
1973
Gregory Edmeades, Master of Agriculture Science,
writes: “My wife and I have recently returned to New
Zealand after 33 years overseas in Canada, Ghana and the
US working as an agricultural researcher and hope to do
part-time consulting in maize breeding and agronomy.”
1979
Issa Majaliwa, Diploma in Agriculture, writes: “I am
currently working with the rural community in Bukoba on
agriforestry projects, advising and training in professional
methods of farming and environmental management.
The aim is to eliminate hunger and poverty in the rural
community.”
1986
Robert Connolly, Graduate Diploma in Business Studies,
writes: “With over 20 years’ experience as a trainer and
training manager, I have recently formed my own company
- TrainingWise - which specialises in training trainers and
providing professional consultancy and support to training
organisations.”
1987
Brian Northern, Bachelor of Business Studies, went on
to complete an MBA in the UK.
1988
Neil Dodgson, Bachelor of Science (Honours), has been
promoted to a readership at the University of Cambridge.
From 1 October 2006 he will be the reader in graphics
and imaging in the computer laboratory.
Ashley Gould, Bachelor of Arts (Humanities), has been
contracted to the Crown Law Office since 1992 to provide
advice on treaty and other matters associated with New
Zealand law.
1978
1989
Franco Bawang, Diploma in Horticultural Science,
was this year awarded the Most Outstanding University
Vice President and Exemplary Head Educator of the
Philippines by the Humanitarian International Record.
He was also nominated as the Cambridge Blue Book
Man of the Year by the International Biographical Centre
(IBC), Cambridge, England, in 2005. Last year he was
also nominated as Inaugural Member of the IBC Leading
Educator of the World.
Andrew Bowman, Bachelor of Horticulture, writes
that he is married with two beautiful girls. “Visit www.
tvn.co.nz from time to time and watch my business
develop!”
Christopher Denby, Bachelor of Business Studies,
writes that he is still working for Napier City Council as
management accountant. “Jane and I have three children
aged 15, 13 and nine. In recent years I have returned
to tennis, squash and fine arts! Also had great success as
author/publisher of NZ motor-sport history book.”
39
Alumni notes and news
Aaron Dobbs, Bachelor of Science, has worked in
overseas in France, UK and USA. He is currently teaching
in the USA.
Zoe Pierpont, Bachelor of Arts (Humanities), writes: “I
spent two years teaching English as a second language in
Japan on the JET program. I met my husband, Peter, on
an aeroplane while returning to New Zealand for my
sister’s wedding. We have lived in San Diego, Singapore,
Wyoming and Florida. My husband works for Embry
Riddle Aeronautical University in Daytona Beach, Florida,
and I have devoted my time to raising our two children,
Mackenzie and Hamish. I am currently seeking work as a
high school English teacher. “
1990
On the ball
Netball Manawatu believes it is on to a winner
with its new General Manager.
Previously the organisation has looked for a
strong background in sport as the key qualification
for its managers. But new General Manager
Tania Roberts expects that her experience and
knowledge of human management will be her
greatest asset.
“I guess with bringing in the business
experience, the key for me is to bring in that
business focus and more avenues for revenue,”
she says. “People management skills will also be
important.Although Netball Manawatu only has
a small team of paid staff, there are hundreds of
others involved as volunteers, including Massey
University students.”
Netball Manawatu chairman Dwight Graham
agrees. He says Ms Roberts’ business background
will be a plus for an organisation wanting to
expand its operations. “We were looking for
someone to run the business rather than be an
expert in netball.”
Tania Roberts graduated from the Palmerston
North campus in 2001 with a BBS, majoring in
Human Resource Management. Her previous
job was as a Senior Consultant for a Palmerston
North Human Resources firm and she has
also worked in the transport, education, call
centre and finance sectors in Wellington and
the Manawatu.
And as it turns out, she does have the sport
creds. She has played netball “for most of my life”
and her sister is a certified New Zealand Umpire.
“I’ve always had a background in netball - I
suppose not to the capacity of previous general
managers - but I certainly know the sport.”
Part of her brief is to maintain and extend
sponsorship and to increase the player count in
local netball.At present around 4000 players take
the court each weekend, organised by Netball
Manawatu.
The Refectory, looking from the Main Building.
40
Bernard Coleman, Graduate Diploma in Business Studies,
writes: “I was at Massey from 1962-67 doing EDI & II,
French Studies, from 1987 - 89 doing a Dip Bus Studies
and from 2002 - 2005 doing MPhil – Horticulture.”
1991
Andrew Sharp, Diploma of Agriculture, shifted to
Australia five years ago to pursue his goal of buying a farm.
“We are currently on 185 acres milking happily, two kids,
wife works for Lifestock Improvement Australia. Beach
house, boat and all the trimmings etc. Don’t hesitate to
contact.”
Cornelia Van Selm, Bachelor of Arts, writes: “Now live
in a retirement village. The years go faster. There is more
to do in less time. How did I ever have time to study, while
bringing up five children and working four nights a week in
Waiki Hospital. They call this retirement? A big deal!”
1992
Paul Andrew, Bachelor of Technology, has worked at
Microsoft for the past six years. He is currently project
manager for Windows Workflow Foundation. This
technology provides a new way to declare business logic in
computer software and Paul is a popular speaker at software
developer conferences.
Tracy Nairn, Bachelor of Technology, writes that she has
had an entertaining and varied career since leaving Massey
in 1988. “I worked for two years as a process engineer at
BHP Glenbrook, then spent two years teaching English in
Northern Japan before backpacking for a year in Turkey,
Egypt and Israel. Stopped off in Australia on my way home
to NZ and have stayed ever since. Worked for five years
at the Bundaberg Rum distillery in Queensland, first as
production engineer and then production manager before
moving to Sydney to take up the role of manufacturing
manager for UDV (Johnnie Walker, Smirnoff, Gordons Gin
etc). I then decided on a complete change of career and
took a few months off before taking up a role in Westpac call
centres in Brisbane. For the past five years I have been with
Westpac in a variety of roles, currently as a project manager
implementing change within the organisation.”
Jane Ross, Bachelor of Education, writes: “In addition to
being a teacher I have also become a published writer of
educational resources written for New Zealand classrooms.
And to prove I haven’t lost my sense of humour, I’m also a
contributing sketch writer for TV One’s Face Lift.”
Floods after the big storm of 1936.
1993
Nolarae Keown, Certificate in Early Childhood
Education, works in a cluster of five, decile 1 primary
schools that have as a goal the raising of achievement in
years 1-3. She writes:“Our group has been known as NEAT
(New Entrants Assessment Team ) since it was formed in
1999. This year NEAT has been working on a Ministry of
Education contract to explore the key competencies.There
are five key competencies and we are working particularly
with “thinking” and “relating to others”. As the project
director, it is my role to co-ordinate the work of the group
of teachers involved and to work with the co-ordinators to
carry out action research in our schools. NEAT is exploring
what the competent child will look like at the end of year 3.
Using a range of ideas and facilitators we are exploring the
factors that promote meaningful, transformative thinking
for children in the early years of schooling.The “relating to
others” competency is seen as providing a bridge between
home and school. Each of the five schools is involved in
a community project that aims to improve focus on the
real world contexts of children living in the area. Twenty
teachers are involved in the contract and professional
development is offered. John Edwards, Stuart McNaughton,
Cathy Wylie, Eileen Piggot-Irvine and Christina Ward have
been involved in consultative roles.”
1994
Joanne Crofskey, Bachelor of Business Studies, has just
accepted an assignment to spend two years working in the
NewYork office of National Australia Bank. Her role covers
compliance and operational risk and involving frameworks
to manage these.
Alma Talbot, Bachelor of Science, writes:“The statistics of
attendance and lateness at a decile 1 Maori School, (Kelvin
Road, Papakura) are very worrying. I am lucky to have
work at the age of 78.5 years. Massey and I are the same
age - 1927 models.”
1995
Cynthia McKenzie, Diploma in Social Science, has
recently completed the Whitireia diploma in publishing and
is building up her freelance office with editing, indexing
and programming work.
Erin Norris, Bachelor of Education, writes:“I have taught
at several Auckland high schools (Rangitoto College,
Glenfield College), worked in USA as a summer camp
instructor, worked in London as a teacher and nanny. I have
also worked in USA at guest services in a ski resort and I’m
now teaching in Auckland at St Cuthbert’s College.”
Michael Pehi, Graduate Diploma in Ma-ori Development,
has a vision to set up a training school for potential
embalmers and funeral directors from a Ma-ori perspective
and to network nationally and internationally.
1996
Caroline Aurora, Bachelor of Arts (Humanities), is
currently resident manager of Wellington women’s boarding
house - an operations management role in which she has led
the organisation through a period of major restructuring.
Shailendra Narayan, Bachelor of Science, has worked as
part time tutor/marker for VSP, taught at various secondary
schools, studied topology at Delhi University, India and is
now assistant principal at NH School.
The Main building with, at left, the Old Registry
Alumni notes and news
Benefits for Alumni and Friends
The Office of Development and Alumni
Relations continues to work to improve its
services and to expand the range of benefits it
has negotiated for you, the alumni and friends
of Massey University.
Several of the benefits currently offered or
under negotiation were initiated by Massey
University alumni. If you own, or are employed
by a business or service that would like to
provide a benefit to Massey University alumni
and friends, staff or students, please contact us:
http://alumni.massey.ac.nz
Telephone: (06) 350 5865
Email: [email protected]
Postal: Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North
Massey Library
Massey University Library offers alumni and
friends a 50 percent discount on membership.
For only $100 per year, you receive the same
borrowing privileges as an undergraduate
distance student. You can borrow books in
person or have them delivered to you anywhere
in New Zealand.
Karleri Photography
Karleri Photography in Auckland offers Massey’s
alumni and friends a discount of 10 percent on
the cost of a portrait sitting plus print order
over $250, or the choice of an extra 18 x 12
cm print. For every print order over $400,
Karleri Photography donates $10 to the Massey
University Scholarship fund.This offer applies to
any individual, graduation, business, family, child
and parent portraits in the Castor Bay studio or
at a North Shore location.
Palmerston North.Opening hours are Mon- Fri
8.30am – 5.00pm, and Sat 10.00am – 2.00pm.
You can contact the centre by phone on (06)
351 3329 or fax (06) 351 3324.
Duty Free Stores New Zealand
Westpac University Visa Card
Earn great rewards with Hotpoints and support
Massey students at the same time. At no cost to
you, Westpac will donate 1 percent per annum
of the interest-earning balance or a minimum
of $10 per annum for each card – whichever is
the greater – to Massey’s scholarship fund.Apply
today for a Westpac University Visa card!
Kanuka Grove Book and
Resource Centre
Receive a 10 percent discount at Kanuka Grove
on all trade items. With fabulous books for
children and an extensive range of educational
resources, Kanuka Grove has a product for you.
Visit Kanuka Grove online: http://kanukagrove.
massey.ac.nz or send your query via email to
[email protected] The centre is
located on the Hokowhitu site,Centennial Drive,
Duty Free Stores New Zealand offers a 5
percent discount at all airport stores, a 20
percent discount on phone orders and internet
orders, and a 5 percent discount on electronics
and cameras at all locations (discounts can not
be combined with other offers) to Massey
University alumni at all of its stores across New
Zealand. For every $50 or part thereof that
you spend in their outlets, Duty Free Stores
New Zealand will donate $1.00 to the Massey
University Scholarship Fund.All you need to do
is present the required coupon when making a
purchase, or use the required code when placing
an order over the Internet or telephone.
Career Move
In order to be a front-runner in today’s job
market, subscribe to Career Move, Massey
University’s unique career management
programme. For only $125, the programme
provides activities that will sharpen your career
management skills and accelerate your progress
towards your career goals. Visit http://careers.
massey.ac.nz/career move.html for more
information.
Services for Alumni and Friends
Find a classmate
With a database of over 70,000 names, we can
assist you to get in touch with your former
classmates. The process for this is carried out
adhering strictly to the Privacy Act (1993),
so you can be assured that your privacy is
protected. Contact us with information
relating to the person(s) you wish to catch up
with and, if it is possible, we will assist you to
make contact.
Networking
check our calendar for the latest details. If you
are organising a reunion, there are a number
of ways we can support you and help you to
contact people you wish to attend. Contact us
and we’ll let you know how.
News from Massey
Keep up to date with the latest at Massey when
you receive MASSEY magazine or when you
subscribe to the Alumni and Friends newsletter or
to Massey News.
Attending Massey University alumni and staff
reunions and other events, or being involved in a
Massey chapter,is an opportunity to maintain and
extend your professional and social networks.
• MASSEY magazine is posted twice
annually to all alumni and friends. If you
do not currently receive a copy either
update your details via our website or
contact our office (see base of page).
Reunions
• Massey News is an online news service,
published every fortnight. Subscribe
online today at: http://masseynews.
massey.ac.nz
Reunions organised by the Office of
Development and Alumni Relations are held
throughout the year.Visit our website and
• The Alumni and Friends Newsletter is a
bulletin with the latest on events and
activities of particular interest to alumni
and friends.Visit our website to subscribe.
Memorabilia and apparel
Looking for a graduation gift or for something
special as a memento of Massey University?
Massey-branded memorabilia and apparel are
available for purchase at all three campuses or
by postal order. Visit our website to view our
range online.
Share your news
Massey values the achievements and significant
events in your life. Share your personal,
professional, cultural or other achievements with
your fellow alumni and the university community
online and via MASSEY magazine. If you would
like to submit images for publication, contact
us directly.
For more information, visit our website or contact our office.
Web: http://alumni.massey.ac.nz Telephone: (06) 350 5865 Email: [email protected] Postal: Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North
41
Alumni notes and news
1997
Jennifer Jenkins, Masters Business Administration, left
SIT, Invercargill in 2002 and has been in the tenured
position of Campus Principal at UCOL Masterton since
January 2003. “Currently I have a contract variation to
an exciting project coordination role to establish iconic
courses in the Wairarapa.”
A matter of positioning
GPS mapping is easy, useful, fun and needn’t cost the
earth.This is the theory behind the latest product from
“Wheresmycows Farm Mapping”, the do-it-yourself
GPS farm mapping kit created by George Ricketts
and Stu Bradbury, both of whom graduated from
Massey in 2005.
In 2003, during their third year of study towards a
Bachelor of Engineering majoring in Mechatronics,
Bradbury and Ricketts designed and built a data
logger for recording GPS points which they used
to map farms. Wheresmycows.com was born and
while studying over the next year-and-a-half they
travelled around the North Island GPS mapping
farms in any spare time they had. “By starting our
business as students, we were able to experiment and
learn things over time without diving in to mistakes
boots and all.”
Three years later they are still GPS mapping farms,
but there are a few differences. Farm mapping is now
done using one of three methods; professional GPS,
do-it-yourself GPS, or from ortho-corrected aerial
photography.The partnership structure has changed to
the structure of a company, and the number of inquiries,
sales and job acceptances is increasing every month.
Bradbury says: “Creating www.wheresmycows.
com was the kick-starter of our business. Without
a website from the beginning the business would
have been very difficult to establish. Our business
is very flexible and as there are two of us we can
share a workload spanning many different activities.”
Ricketts generally looks after software development
and customer support while Bradbury takes care of
marketing, accounting, customer relations and sending
out finished products. All other work is shared. “We
have our specialties and we couldn’t run this business
without this synergy.”
The Wheresmycows product range is based mainly
around GPS or farm mapping and management.
“Rather than try to expand our range too much,
we’re looking to stay within this niche but expand
our reach.” By setting up www.gpsfarmmap.com,
Bradbury and Ricketts are testing the do-it-yourself
GPS mapping market overseas.They are also looking
at further developments based on GPS and mapping
as added value products for other agricultural-related
industries.
Bradbury and Ricketts are currently looking
to find other businesses interested in reselling their
products. “We’ve had several people from businesses
in the South Island and other places overseas contact
us asking if we are interested in creating a dealer
network.We’re also going to be approaching businesses
overseas to see if they have an interest in selling our
DIY mapping kit.” All marketing so far has been
through word of mouth or online through Google,
so they see the next step as getting their product out
and into as many farming areas as possible. Bradbury
says that marketing outside of New Zealand “will be a
challenge, but when is business not a challenge? That’s
what we’re here for isn’t it?”
42
Jason Johnston, Bachelor of Horticulture (Honours),
writes: “We have recently returned from Scotland where
we worked as postdoctoral scientists. We were living near
Aberdeen for just over three-and-a-half years and bought
a house in a small fishing village called Stonehaven. Sarah
was employed at the Rowett Research Institute and
studied energy intake and obesity. Jason worked at the
University of Abertay in Dundee on the cyropreservation
of rare plants.”
1998
Colleen Bennett, Diploma Social Science, writes that
after almost 16 years of social work within the disability
sector she has retired and is taking time for herself. “I
spend my days gardening, reading, walking with walking
groups, doing crossword and sudoku puzzles, socialising and
spending time with family. I love my new life.”
Krista Huls, Bachelor of Science (Math Inf), writes that
she has worked in IT since graduating but is now ready for
a change. “I would like to get out of the office.”
Chantheavy Khieu, Postgraduate Diploma in Applied
Science, writes:“I would like to extend my respects to the
MU leadership, professors, lecturers, staff and specifically
to the unit that deals with international students and the
English Language Centre for their friendly treatment
during my stay and study in New Zealand. Studying
in New Zealand provided me the foundation and
great chance to be able to communicate with a range
multicultural sphere in my current employer (United
Nations World Food Programme,WFP) through English. I
am extremely excited when receiving MASSEY Magazine
and other leaflets from Massey University. It makes me
think that I am not forgotten. I have joined the biggest
humanitarian organisation - United Nations World Food
Programme (WFP) to fight global hunger. According to
the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the world
needs to halve hunger by 2015. I am proud to be working
for WFP and I am also thankful to MU for receiving
knowledge that enables me to work in the challenging
sphere of work.”
1999
Jan Davison, Bachelor of Arts, returned to Australia to
live after graduating. “Last year I spent a month visiting
China and touring the edges of Tibet. This was a most
interesting and informative trip. As I hold a very keen
interest in ethnic minorities the time I spent in the remote
regions of China was extremely rewarding for me. I would
recommend China as a destination for those who, like me,
are ‘people-orientated’.”
Jaya Ramasamy, Bachelor of Business Studies, writes that
he has been having a successful career since he graduated
from Massey. “I worked in Malaysia, Philippines, Sweden
and currently in Shanghai for a Swedish electronic firm.
The educational experience in Massey has aided me a
lot in my work.”
2000
Tracy Cannizzo, Bachelor of Social Work, recently
graduated from the University of Illinois at Chicago
(VIC) with a MSW.
Sarah Flavall, Bachelor of Resource Planning (Honours).
Since graduating Sarah has worked at Northland Regional
Council in coastal management positions and for Opus
International Consultants as a resource management
planner (coastal). She writes that 2006 brings a few
adventures with three months’ cycle touring in France
prior to undertaking an assignment with VSA in Vanuatu
working as a coastal environmental advisor on Espiritu
Santos.
Jeremy Vanderpump, Bachelor of Business Studies,
has spent the past five years working for Fisher & Paykel
Appliances as a business analyst - developer, and has
recently secured a role working for BMW as a business
analyst - developer for their financial services business in
New Zealand.
Ziuwen Zhang, Graduate Diploma in Science, writes:
“I had a baby girl after my oral examination and became
a full-time mother at home for seven months. I will start
working as a postdoc on July 3 2006.”
2001
Nicholas Hay, Bachelor of Technology, worked at Tegel
for three years and is now at Phoenix Organics. Last year
he completed the Lake Taupo cycle challenge.
Erin Kennedy, Graduate Diploma in Teaching, writes: “I
began my teaching career in a small rural school, which was
an awesome learning experience. After that decided it was
time for a bit of a change, so moved to a large city school
- and that was certainly a challenge! Have progressed up
the professional ladder and am looking to further my career
prospects in the same field for at least another five years.”
Khom Methasiri, Bachelor of Business Studies, writes:
“I started my career in jewellery industry, then the film
industry (production & post), then worked as a freelance
interpreter for a public company. I took a year off work, then
worked for a furniture manufacturing and export business,
then set up my own company ‘Kanthaka’.”
Adrienne Sidal, Bachelor of Arts (Social Science), writes:
“After graduating in 2001, I spent four years living in
Suva, Fiji. Three of those years were spent working for
the University of the South Pacific as the publications
manager in the Marketing and Communications Office. I
returned to Christchurch in July, 2005 and within a month
began working temporarily in the Publications Unit of
the University of Canterbury’s Marketing and Liaison
Office. I have recently been appointed the Editor in the
Publications Unit and will be handling the publication of
Canterbury’s Calendar and Enrolment Handbook, among
other publications.”
Jin Wan, Postgraduate Diploma in Business Administration,
writes: “Enjoyed a year’s stint in human resources - then
moved on to product management and marketing
management ... still love marketing, particularly interested in
viral marketing! Have fun at work before it’s too late!”
2002
Susan Heathwaite, Certificate in Early Childhood
Education, writes: “With my BEd qualification I’m going
on to a master’s to focus on social justice in early childhood
education for refugees and new immigrants.Thanks Massey
I really appreciate having the choice of distance learning
– it was great for me.”
Peter McDermott, Bachelor of Arts, writes:“In December
2005 Shun Mun Pun (Massey graduate 2001 and former
NSATS Academic Officer) and I married. We had our
wedding reception at Wharerata. Last year Shun Mun and
I also moved our photography studio from Marton to
Palmerston North. In 2004 I completed a Yoga Teaching
Diploma (IYTA) and now teach several Hath Yoga classes
in PN, including weekly classes at Massey’s Recreation
Centre and at the Hokowhitu campus.”
Pataka Moore, Bachelor of Arts, writes: “I have recently
been involved in several environmental restoration projects
including also gathering oral histories from elders. I have
been lucky enough to work with a number of kaumatua
(elders) and listen to their stories. It saddens me to hear
about their memories of a once near-pristine environment,
yet motivates me at the same time to fulfil their dreams
of a once again clean-flowing, resource rich freshwater
environment.”
Sharon Searle, Executive Masters of Business
Administration, writes that since graduating in Wellington,
she has moved to Katikati and has started a management
consulting business that specialises in customised recognition
and reward programmes using memorable experiences.
Alumni notes and news
Dianne Williamson, Graduate Diploma in Occupational
Health and Safety. Since graduating from extramural study,
Dianne has successfully completed a project for a major
customer involving working for two weeks in a tunnel in
the North Island. She has also successfully established full
health and safety management systems on two key pulp and
paper sites for a maintenance organisation. Both sites gained
certification to OHSAS 18001 international standard
within 12 months of operations commencing.
2003
Willie Tuha, Bachelor of Business Studies. Since leaving
Massey, Willie worked for Goodman Fielder and QBE
Insurance, both international Australian-owned companies.
“I have worked as the financial accountant for the past
five years. Planning to apply for further studies but may
be in management. Life has been hard but am happy that
Massey has taken me this far. Grateful if I continue to
receive Alumni magazine.”
Geoffrey Wallis, Bachelor of Education (Teaching) Years
0-8, writes: “I got married earlier this year to Emma
Broughton. She is amazing and I love being married. Started
a new job this term working at Kids First Kindergarten,
Redwood, Christchurch and love it.”
2004
Andrea Corbett, Masters of Philosophy (Humanities
and Social Science), is in the middle of data collection and
analysis of PhD work.
2005
Mohammad Abu Bakar, Postgraduate Diploma in
Business Administration, returned to Malaysia after
graduation and started his career in a manufacturing
company based in Penang. A year later, he joined the
banking industry. “I got married in May. In the future, I
plan to visit Massey University again. Massey taught me the
essence of working life, which is vital to my career.”
Lynda Allan, Certificate in Social & Community Work,
writes that she was delighted to have achieved her Bachelor
of Arts after seven years of Massey extramural study.
“During this time I have raised three teenagers on my own.
They too have graduated with varying degrees. I feel I have
set a great example to them with my hard work extramural
study programme. During my time of study I have moved
from being a part-time adult educational tutor to being
appointed manager for a training opportunities programme
under the accreditation of Tokomairiro High School.
The elective papers that I studied throughout my degree
were mainly Adult Teaching papers as well as my major in
Social Policy - all very relevant to my present occupation.
Thank you Massey for giving me this opportunity to better
myself in life. I began my study programme at the age of
46 and I am now 54 years old. I plan to continue with
extramural study.”
Hannah Coleman, Bachelor of Applied Science. An
article about Hannah’s thesis (honours) entitled Aspects of
the use of alternative therapies in racing thoroughbreds in NZ, is
to be published by NZ Society of Animal Production.
Josephine Dela Cruz, Master of Philosophy (Humanities
and Social Science), writes: “When I graduated in May
2005, I was a Chief Investment Specialist at the Board of
Investments but in September 2005 I was promoted to a
Director IV position of the Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT)
Centre, which is in charge of coordinating and monitoring
BOT projects, mostly in infrastructure, which are deemed
critical in the nation’s economic growth.”
Luke Gallagher, Bachelor of Business Studies, is based in
Aberdeen, Scotland, working in the sub-sea engineering
industry for global contractor, Acergy. He is working as
part of a small team looking after the development needs
of both the organisation and Acergy personnel across all
the global offshore operations.
Helen Hall, Postgraduate Diploma in Arts, writes that
she has recently established QDOS company dedicated to
helping NGOs and other businesses establish and maintain
robust management systems.
James Mutton, Bachelor of Veterinary Science, has been
working for the past year-and-a-half as a veterinarian at
Millicent Veterinary Clinic in Millicent, South Australia.
2006
Joanne Eagle, Graduate Diploma of Teaching (Secondary),
writes: “After five long, hard years of full-time study;
balancing a family with my educational commitments,
I have DONE IT! I have my dream job as HOD of the
Art Department in a local high school. I love it!!! Life is
grand!!”
Herbert Feng, Bachelor of Aviation, writes “I have a job
interview with EVA Airways Corp in Taiwan on the 13th of
April 2006, so the morning after my graduation ceremony
I have to take an Air NZ flight to Taiwan in preparation
for my series of job interviews and examinations. If I’m
accepted by the organisation, then I will start my one-year
ground course and simulator training in August. One year
later I might be flying as a First Officer on a Boeing-777
for the company.”
Harry Frost, Bachelor of Arts, writes: “I’m feeling
privileged to have come through the English programme
along with the linguistic strand and media and to have
had such a high standard of teaching. It has been all to my
advantage as I participate in my teaching diploma year.”
Gareth Hagan, Bachelor of Business Studies, started
Massey as a 17-year-old in 1990, completed two years of
internal study, took a ‘year off ’ and continued extramural
study for a further two years then ceased study for eight
years. During 2004 and 2005 he completed seven papers
while changing jobs twice. He graduated in May 2006.
Peter Halstead, Bachelor of Sports Studies writes: “I am
currently working as a personal trainer at Club Physical
(gym) in Wellington City. I am just about to begin a job
as an exercise therapist for The Back Institute in Lower
Hutt. Have been playing soccer for Wellington this year.
Life all good!”
Susan Heathwaite, Bachelor of Education, writes:“With
my BEd qualification I’m going on to a Master’s to focus on
social justice in early childhood education for refugees and
immigrants.Thanks to Massey I really appreciate having the
choice of distance learning – was great for me!”
Cold running
Tanya O’Neill (pictured here on the Greek island
of Santorini) has accepted an unusual invitation – to
run a marathon in Antarctica.Tanya, who is currently
working as a research assistant,graduated with a master’s
degree in earth science in 2005.
“Honestly, I jumped at the chance!!” writes Tanya
of her reaction to the invitation.
“Having an earth science background, the chance
to visit Antarctica is a dream-come-true for me!
The timing was perfect too, as I was deciding on the
details of where and what I would like to do a PhD
on (and funnily enough I am looking at a UK-based
multidisciplinary project involving ice cores, volcanic
eruptions, and climate change).”
This will be her first ever marathon. It’s a huge
challenge, writes Tanya, but nothing in comparison to
the daily challenges faced by the group for whom she
is fundraising: cancer sufferers and their families.
Tanya has paid her own way to Antarctica, so all
of the money she raises will go directly to the Child
Cancer Foundation.
To follow Tanya’s progress or to sponsor her in aid
of the Child Cancer Foundation visit http://www.
fundraiseonline.co.nz/Ts-ICY-RUN/
Yi Hsin Tien, Bachelor of Health Science (Major in
Psychology), writes:“I will continue my psychology study
overseas as I have been educated by New Zealand education
and culture for the past six years! Now is a time for me to
contribute my knowledge back to my hometown and share
what I have learned while in New Zealand.”
Nathan Penny, Bachelor of Science, has just returned
from a two month holiday in Nepal and Tibet. He writes:“I
did the Amapurna Circuit, Everest Base Camp from Nepal
and Tibet sides. The Maoist Strikes and the governmentimposed curfews were a problem – closing shops and
stopping most transport services.”
Michael Lovell, Bachelor of Science, writes:“I’m currently
an intern associated with Northcross Community Church
and studying at Bible College of New Zealand doing a
diploma for graduates focused on theology and will then
move into a Master of Theology programme in 2007. I
desire to be a full-time pastoral worker in a church, using
and continuing to develop my knowledge of psychology
and counselling to help people within my community. I also
aim to use the computer science aspect of my degree to find
part-time work in the IT industry to generate income for
myself while working towards pastoral work. I also recently
got engaged to the lovely Kristyn Symons and we will be
getting married by the end of the year.”
Kristina Pervan, Bachelor of Arts, has worked as a
reporting analyst performance advisor since leaving Massey
in 2004 and she is currently a policy analyst. “Embarking
on a degree in economics is the best thing that I have ever
done and I thoroughly enjoyed my study time at Massey
University!”
Aaron Mayhew, Bachelor of Business Studies, moved
to the United States, travelled the East Coast of America,
including NewYork. Philadelphia, Boston, New Hampshire,
Los Angeles, Long Island (the Hamptons). He visited
London, Ireland and Poland and is planning more US trips
and other countries in the next few months.
Angela Norton, Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Business
Studies, has moved from working at the Telecom Xtra
Broadband Helpdesk to working for Gen-I as a Technical
Analyst on the AirNZ account.
Clarinda Stirling, Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences, has
moved to Australia, where she is working at Birdwood
Veter inary Clinic in the Adelaide Hills in South
Australia.
Yixin Wang, Bachelor of Information Science, writes:
“Hearing the news that Moss Burmester who is a Massey
student won the gold medal in the men’s 200m butterfly
and smashed the record, as former Massey student I’m so
proud of our uni.”
Vanessa Wintle, Bachelor of Science, writes that she has
recently begun work at the Poultry Industry Association of
New Zealand in Newmarket in Auckland, where both her
science and communication degrees come into play every
day! She is enjoying it there and enjoying it a lot.
43
First person
FOR IDA
(first Pacific woman judge)
Once I wrote
that we are the seeds of the migrant dream
the daughters supposed to fill the promise
hope heavy on our shoulders
we stand on the broken back of physical labour
knowing the new dawn has been raided.
But
we are the seeds of a much greater dream
that goes back across oceans of memory
a vision still held in the hands
of humble men buried in humble villages
who chant clear our paths
with every lost breath
Ida, you have spoken of the sacrifice
of languages lost, and the cost,
of success in the palangi world
and you have wrapped your son safely
in fa’asamoa
he rests in a nest of language
learning to tame words
that flew like wild gulls
far beyond our understanding
Frankie Rouse
While studying photography and design at Massey I developed
a particular interest in combining still photography with
sound as well as a parallel interest in creativity and the creative
process. Hence my master’s degree project, which presented a
series of photographs with excerpts from interviews following
an in-depth study into the working methods of five New
Zealand photographers. I photographed and interviewed the
photographers in their home environments, investigating how
they produced their work and how creativity figured in their
photographic practices.
I am currently experimenting with combining photographic
images with other art-based media, developing a website and
looking forward to mounting more exhibitions.
If you would like to learn more or join my mailing list please
contact me at [email protected]
Frankie Rouse is currently an extramural tutor atThe Learning Connexion
and a lecturer at Massey’s Wellington campus.
‘This is the sacrifice of my generation’
You said
‘but it will not be his,
this is where the sacrifice stops.’
The gulls circle
and nest
and our sense of selves
rests.
You touch a vision
clasped to the breast
of humble women buried in humble villages
who still sing
across oceans of memory
in words that our children will be able to hear.
Poems for people who don’t like poetry is how sociology
doctoral student and poet Karlo Mila describes her debut
collection Dream Fish Floating.
But the book obviously appeals just as much to poetry
lovers. It has won the New Zealand Society of Authors’
Jessie Mackay Best First Book Award for poetry at the
2006 Montana Book Awards.
The 31-year-old mother of two is working on a doctoral
thesis on Pacific youth identity and health at the Auckland
campus.
44
http://ianrobertson.co.nz
Ian Robertson, photographer
In the early 1990s Ian Robertson was a computer programmer
who was “just dying in his job”, so he did the sensible thing:
he quit and enrolled in a professional photography course at
Wellington Polytechnic (now Massey’s Wellington campus). As
it turned out, he had some talent. The one-year course led to an
Agfa bursary and another year of full-time study.
Robertson is now a commercial photographer specialising in
producing work for design and advertising companies as well
as clientele such as the Wellington City Mission and the New
Zealand Cancer Society. His work includes I Feel Lucky, an
exhibition about cancer survivors, and Te Papa Birds.
In 2003 Massey photography student Frankie Rouse
photographed Robertson at work for a research project (and
later exhibition) about the working methods of five Wellington
photographers. She caught him, he says, in the closing days of
the era of darkroom processing. Nowadays his work is almost all
digital.As he semi-ruefully puts it,“I ran away from sitting in front
of a computer to find myself sitting in front of a computer.”
The photograph Raewyn Hill, dancer was taken by Ian for DNA
Design as part of an identity for Craig Craig Moller Architects.
Raewyn Hill, Dancer
To get somewhere...
start here,
or here,
or here.
As a researcher, there is no limit to how far you can take knowledge and discovery.
But you need a great place to start. Massey University is ranked in the top 200
universities in the world by the UK-based Times Higher Education Supplement (2005)
- there for our strengths in teaching, research and our reputation.
www.massey.ac.nz
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