Billion BiPAC 8500 User`s manual

Billion BiPAC 8500 User`s manual
BiPAC 8500/8501/8520
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/
Router
User’s Manual
Version Release 5.07
Last Revision Date: 09-04-2006
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 3
INTRODUCTION TO YOUR ROUTER ............................................................................................................. 3
FEATURES .................................................................................................................................................. 3
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLING THE ROUTER .......................................................................................... 6
IMPORTANT NOTE FOR USING THIS ROUTER ................................................................................................ 6
PACKAGE CONTENTS ................................................................................................................................. 6
THE FRONT LEDS OF BIPAC 8500............................................................................................................ 7
THE FRONT LEDS OF BIPAC 8520............................................................................................................ 8
THE FRONT LEDS OF BIPAC 8501............................................................................................................ 9
THE REAR PORTS OF BIPAC 8500 / 8520................................................................................................ 10
THE REAR PORTS OF BIPAC 8501 ............................................................................................................11
CABLING...................................................................................................................................................11
CHAPTER 3: BASIC INSTALLATION................................................................................................. 12
CONNECTING YOUR ROUTER ................................................................................................................... 12
FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS .................................................................................................................. 17
Web Interface (Username and Password) .......................................................................................... 17
Device LAN IP settings: ..................................................................................................................... 17
ISP setting in WAN site:...................................................................................................................... 17
DHCP server ...................................................................................................................................... 17
LAN and WAN Port Addresses............................................................................................................ 17
INFORMATION FROM YOUR ISP ................................................................................................................ 18
CONFIGURING WITH YOUR WEB BROWSER .............................................................................................. 19
CHAPTER 4: CONFIGURATION.......................................................................................................... 20
STATUS .................................................................................................................................................... 21
ARP Table ........................................................................................................................................... 21
Routing Table...................................................................................................................................... 21
DHCP Table........................................................................................................................................ 22
PPTP Status ........................................................................................................................................ 22
IPSec Status ........................................................................................................................................ 23
L2TP Status......................................................................................................................................... 24
Email Status........................................................................................................................................ 24
Event Log............................................................................................................................................ 25
Error Log............................................................................................................................................ 25
NAT Sessions ...................................................................................................................................... 26
Diagnostic........................................................................................................................................... 26
UPnP Portmap ................................................................................................................................... 27
QUICK START ........................................................................................................................................... 28
CONFIGURATION ...................................................................................................................................... 30
LAN (Local Area Network)................................................................................................................. 30
Bridge Interface .............................................................................................................................. 30
Ethernet........................................................................................................................................... 31
IP Alias............................................................................................................................................ 32
Ethernet Client Filter ...................................................................................................................... 33
Port Setting ..................................................................................................................................... 35
DHCP Server .................................................................................................................................. 36
WAN - Wide Area Network.................................................................................................................. 37
ISP .................................................................................................................................................. 37
Table of Contents
i
DNS ................................................................................................................................................ 47
SHDSL – BiPAC 8500 ................................................................................................................... 48
SHDSL – BiPAC 8520 ................................................................................................................... 49
SHDSL – BiPAC 8501 ................................................................................................................... 50
System ................................................................................................................................................. 51
Time Zone....................................................................................................................................... 51
Remote Access................................................................................................................................ 52
Firmware Upgrade.......................................................................................................................... 53
Backup / Restore............................................................................................................................. 54
Restart Router ................................................................................................................................. 55
User Management........................................................................................................................... 56
Firewall and Access Control .............................................................................................................. 57
General Settings.............................................................................................................................. 58
Packet Filter.................................................................................................................................... 59
Intrusion Detection ......................................................................................................................... 67
URL Filter....................................................................................................................................... 69
IM / P2P Blocking .......................................................................................................................... 71
Firewall Log ................................................................................................................................... 72
VPN - Virtual Private Networks ......................................................................................................... 73
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) ..................................................................................... 73
IPSec (IP Security Protocol)........................................................................................................... 81
L2TP (Layer Two Tunneling Protocol) .......................................................................................... 91
QoS (Quality of Service)................................................................................................................... 104
Prioritization ................................................................................................................................. 104
Outbound IP Throttling (LAN to WAN)....................................................................................... 106
Inbound IP Throttling (WAN to LAN) ......................................................................................... 107
Virtual Server (“Port Forwarding”) ................................................................................................. 111
Add Virtual Server.........................................................................................................................112
Edit DMZ Host ..............................................................................................................................113
Edit DMZ Host ..............................................................................................................................114
Edit One-to-One NAT (Network Address Translation) .................................................................115
Time Schedule....................................................................................................................................118
Configuration of Time Schedule ...................................................................................................119
Advanced .......................................................................................................................................... 120
Static Route................................................................................................................................... 120
Dynamic DNS .............................................................................................................................. 121
Check Email ................................................................................................................................. 122
Device Management ..................................................................................................................... 123
IGMP ............................................................................................................................................ 126
VLAN Bridge ............................................................................................................................... 126
SAVE CONFIGURATION TO FLASH........................................................................................................... 130
LOGOUT ................................................................................................................................................. 131
CHAPTER 5: TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................ 132
PROBLEMS STARTING UP THE ROUTER .................................................................................................... 132
PROBLEMS WITH THE WAN INTERFACE ................................................................................................. 132
PROBLEMS WITH THE LAN INTERFACE .................................................................................................. 132
APPENDIX A: PRODUCT SUPPORT AND CONTACT INFORMATION .................................... 133
Table of Contents
iii
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Chapter 1: Introduction
Introduction to your Router
Welcome to the Billion BiPAC 8500/8501/8520 SHDSL Router. Your Billion SHDSL router is an
“all-in-one” unit, combining an SHDSL modem, SHDSL router and Ethernet network switch, providing
everything you need to get the machines on your network connected to the Internet over your SHDSL
broadband connection. With features such as an SHDSL Quick-Start wizard and DHCP Server, you can
be online in no time at all and with a minimum of fuss and configuration, catering for first-time users to the
guru requiring advanced features and control over their Internet connection and network.
Features
SHDSL Multi-Mode Standard
BiPAC 8500 / 8520 SHDSL supports downstream and upstream transmission rates of up to 2.3 / 4.6
Mbps, respectively, and BiPAC 8501 SHDSL.bis can support up to 5.7 Mbps on 2-wire. BiPAC 85xx
series also supports rate management that allows SHDSL subscribers to select an Internet access
speed suiting their needs and budgets. BiPAC 8500/8520 and 8501 follows ITU standard PAM16
Line Code complies with G.991.2 and G.994.1 standards, and BiPAC 8501 follows PAM 32 Line
code with G.991.2 and G.991.2.bis standards. These three models can support Annex A and B
operating mode.
Fast Ethernet Switch
A 4-port 10/100Mbps fast Ethernet switch is built in with automatic switching between MDI and
MDI-X for 10Base-T and 100Base-TX ports. An Ethernet straight or crossover cable can be used
directly for auto detection.
Multi-Protocol to establish a connection
It supports PPPoA (RFC 2364 - PPP over ATM Adaptation Layer 5), RFC 1483 encapsulation over
ATM (bridged or routed), PPP over Ethernet (RFC 2516), and IPoA (RFC1577) to establish a
connection with the ISP. The product also supports VC-based and LLC-based multiplexing.
Quick Installation Wizard
It supports a WEB GUI page to install this device quickly. With this wizard, end users can enter the
information easily which they get from their ISP, then surf the Internet immediately.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) and UPnP NAT Traversal
This protocol is used to enable simple and robust connectivity among stand-alone devices
and
PCs from many different vendors. It makes network simple and affordable for users. UPnP
architecture leverages TCP/IP and the Web to enable seamless proximity networking in addition to
control and data transfer among networked devices. With this feature enabled, users can now
connect to Net meeting or MSN Messenger seamlessly.
Network Address Translation (NAT)
Allows multi-users to access outside resources such as the Internet simultaneously with one IP
address/one Internet access account. Many application layer gateway (ALG) are supported such as
web browser, ICQ, FTP, Telnet, E-mail, News, Net2phone, Ping, NetMeeting, IP phone and others.
SOHO Firewall Security with DoS and SPI
Along with the built-in NAT natural firewall feature, the router also provides advanced hacker
pattern-filtering protection. It can automatically detect and block Denial of Service (DoS) attacks.
The router is built with Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) to determine if a data packet is allowed
through the firewall to the private LAN.
Chapter 1: Introduction
3
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Domain Name System (DNS) relay
It provides an easy way to map the domain name (a friendly name for users such as
www.yahoo.com) and IP address. When a local machine sets its DNS server with this router’s IP
address, every DNS conversion request packet from the PC to this router will be forwarded to the
real DNS in the outside network.
Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS)
The Dynamic DNS service allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname. This
dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address. For example, to use the service, you must first apply for
an account from a DDNS service like http://www.dyndns.org/. More than 5 DDNS servers are
supported.
Quality of Service (QoS) QoS gives you full control over which types of outgoing data traffic
should be given priority by the router, ensuring important data like gaming packets, customer
information, or management information move through the router ay lightning speed, even under
heavy load. The QoS features are configurable by source IP address, destination IP address,
protocol, and port. You can throttle the speed at which different types of outgoing data pass through
the router, to ensure P2P users don’t saturate upload bandwidth, or office browsing doesn’t bring
client web serving to a halt. In addition, or alternatively, you can simply change the priority of
different types of upload data and let the router sort out the actual speeds.
Virtual Private Network (VPN)
It allows user to make a tunnel with a remote site directly to secure the data transmission among
the connection. User can use embedded PPTP and L2TP client/server, IKE and IPSec which are
supported by this router to make a VPN connection or users can run the PPTP client in PC and the
router already provides IPSec and PPTP pass through function to establish a VPN connection if the
user likes to run the PPTP client in his local computer.
Virtual Server (“port forwarding”)
Users can specify some services to be visible from outside users. The router can detect incoming
service requests and forward either a single port or a range of ports to the specific local computer to
handle it. For example, a user can assign a PC in the LAN acting as a WEB server inside and
expose it to the outside network. Outside users can browse inside web servers directly while it is
protected by NAT. A DMZ host setting is also provided to a local computer exposed to the outside
network, Internet.
Rich Packet Filtering
Not only filters the packet based on IP address, but also based on Port numbers. It will filter packets
from and to the Internet, and also provides a higher level of security control.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client and server
In the WAN site, the DHCP client can get an IP address from the Internet Service Provider (ISP)
automatically. In the LAN site, the DHCP server can allocate a range of client IP addresses and
distribute them including IP address, subnet mask as well as DNS IP address to local computers. It
provides an easy way to manage the local IP network.
Static and RIP1/2 Routing
It has routing capability and supports easy static routing table or RIP1/2 routing protocol.
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
It is an easy way to remotely manage the router via SNMP.
Web based GUI
It supports web based GUI for configuration and management. It is user-friendly and comes with
on-line help. It also supports remote management capability for remote users to configure and
manage this product.
Chapter 1: Introduction
4
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Firmware Upgradeable
Device can be upgraded to the latest firmware through the WEB based GUI.
Rich Management Interfaces
It supports flexible management interfaces with local console port, LAN port, and WAN port. Users
can use terminal applications through the console port to configure and manage the device, or
Telnet, WEB GUI, and SNMP through LAN or WAN ports to configure and manage the device.
Chapter 1: Introduction
5
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Chapter 2: Installing the Router
Important note for using this router
Do not use this router in high humidity or high temperatures.
Do not use the same power source for this router as other
equipment.
Warning
Do not open or repair the case yourself. If this router is too hot,
turn off the power immediately and have it repaired at a qualified
service center.
Avoid using this product and all accessories outdoors.
Place this router on a stable surface.
Only use the power adapter that comes with the package. Using
a different voltage rating power adaptor may damage this router.
Attention
Package Contents
SHDSL Router
CD-ROM containing the online manual
RJ-11 SHDSL / telephone Cable
Ethernet (CAT-5 LAN) Cable
Console (PS2-RS232) Cable
AC-DC power adapter (12V DC, 1A)
Quick Start Guide
Chapter 2: Installing the Router
6
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
The Front LEDs of BiPAC 8500
1
4
2
3
LED
7
Meaning
1
LINE
Lit when successfully connected to SHDSL line and it is synchronized.
2
LAN Port
1X — 4X
(RJ-45 connector)
Lit when connected to an Ethernet device.
Green for 100Mbps; Orange for 10Mbps.
Blinking when data is Transmitted / Received.
3
SYS
Lit when the system is ready.
4
PWR
Lit when power is ON.
Chapter 2: Installing the Router
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
The Front LEDs of BiPAC 8520
1
2
5
3
4
LED
1
2
Meaning
LINE 1 & 2
Lit when successfully connected to SHDSL line and it is synchronized.
LAN Port
3
1X — 4X
(RJ-45 connector)
Lit when connected to an Ethernet device.
Green for 100Mbps; Orange for 10Mbps.
Blinking when data is Transmitted / Received.
4
SYS
Lit when the system is ready.
5
PWR
Lit when power is ON.
8
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
The Front LEDs of BiPAC 8501
3
1
2
LED
4
Meaning
1
PWR
Lit when power is ON.
2
SYS
Lit when the system is ready.
LAN Port
Lit when connected to an Ethernet device.
Green for 100Mbps; Orange for 10Mbps.
Blinking when data is Transmitted / Received.
3
1X — 4X
(RJ-45 connector)
4
LINE
Lit when successfully connected to SHDSL line and it is
synchronized.
9
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
The Rear Ports of BiPAC 8500 / 8520
4
*6
1
3
5
2
*Only the BiPAC 8520 has two Line jack ports. BiPAC 8500 has one.
Port
Meaning
1
Power Switch
Power ON/OFF switch
2
PWR
Connect the supplied power adapter to this jack.
3
RESET
To be sure the device is being turned on
press RESET button for:
1-3 seconds: quick reset the device.
6 seconds above, and power off, power on the device: restore to
factory default settings. (Cannot login to the router or forgot your
Username/Password. Press the button for more than 6 seconds).
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds, to be sure
you power cycle the device again.
LAN
4
1X — 4X
(RJ-45 connector)
5
CONSOLE
Connect a UTP Ethernet cable (Cat-5 or Cat-5e) to one of the four LAN
ports when connecting to a PC or an office/home network of 10Mbps or
100Mbps.
Connect a PS2/RS-232 cable to this port when connecting to a PC’s
RS-232 port (9-pin serial port).
LINE
6
1X — 2X
(RJ-11
connector
Connect the supplied RJ-11 (“telephone”) cable to this port when
connecting to SHDSL line.
10
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
The Rear Ports of BiPAC 8501
5
6
1
3
4
Port
2
Meaning
1
Power Switch
Power ON/OFF switch
2
PWR
Connect the supplied power adapter to this jack.
3
RESET
To be sure the device is being turned on
press RESET
button for:
1-3 seconds: quick reset the device.
6 seconds above, and power off, power on the device:
restore to factory default settings. (Cannot login to the router
or forgot your Username/Password. Press the button for
more than 6 seconds).
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds,
to be sure you power cycle the device again.
LAN
Connect a UTP Ethernet cable (Cat-5 or Cat-5e) to one of the
four LAN ports when connecting to a PC or an office/home
network of 10Mbps or 100Mbps.
4
1X — 4X
(RJ-45 connector)
5
CONSOLE
Connect a PS2/RS-232 cable to this port when connecting to a
PC’s RS-232 port (9-pin serial port).
6
LINE
Connect the supplied RJ-11 (“telephone”) cable to this port
when connecting to SHDSL line.
Cabling
One of the most common causes of problems is bad cabling or SHDSL line(s). Make sure that all
connected devices are turned on. On the front of the product is a bank of LEDs. Verify that the LAN Link
and SHDSL line LEDs are lit. If they are not, verify that you are using the proper cables.
11
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
The router can be configured with your web browser. A web browser is included as a standard application
in the following operating systems: Linux, Mac OS, Windows 98/NT/2000/XP/Me, etc. The product
provides an easy and user-friendly interface for configuration.
Please check your PC’s network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network adapter
must be installed. If not, please refer to your Windows-related or other operating system manuals.
There are ways to connect with the router, either through an external repeater hub to the router or directly
connecting with PCs. However, to be sure PCs have an Ethernet interface installed properly prior to
connecting to the router device. You ought to configure your PCs to obtain an IP address through a
DHCP server or a fixed IP address that must be in the same subnet as the router. The default IP address
of the router is 192.168.1.254 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached PC must be in the
same subnet, and have an IP address in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253). The best and
easiest way is to configure the PC to get an IP address automatically from the router using DHCP. If you
encounter any problem accessing the router’s web interface it may also be advisable to uninstall any
kind of software firewall on your PCs, as they can cause problems accessing the 192.168.1.254 IP
address of the router. Users should make their own decisions on how to best protect their network.
Please follow the steps below for your PC’s network environment installation.
Any TCP/IP capable workstation can be used to communicate with or through
the router. To configure other types of workstations, please consult the
manufacturer’s documentation.
Connecting Your Router
1. Connect the Router to a LAN (Local Area Network) and the SHDSL LINE.
2. Power on the device.
3. Make sure the PWR and SYS LEDs are lit steadily and that the relevant LAN and LINE LED are lit.
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
12
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring PCs in Windows in Window XP
1.
2.
Go to Start / Control Panel (in Classic View). In the Control
Panel, double-click Network Connections.
Double-click Local Area Connection. (See Figure 3.1)
Figure 3.1: LAN Area Connection
3.
In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click
Properties. (See Figure 3.2)
Figure 3.2: LAN Connection Status
4.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
(See Figure 3.3)
Figure 3.3: TCP / IP
5.
6.
Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain
DNS server address automatically radio buttons. (See
Figure 3.4)
Click OK to finish the configuration.
Figure 3.4: IP Address & DNS
Configuration
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
13
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring PCs in Windows 2000
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel,
double-click Network and Dial-up Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area (“LAN”) Connection. (See Figure
3.5)
Figure 3.5: LAN Area Connection
3. In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click
Properties. (See Figure 3.6)
Figure 3.6: LAN Connection Status
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
(See Figure 3.7)
Figure 3.7: TCP / IP
5. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain
6.
DNS server address automatically radio buttons. (See
Figure 3.8)
Click OK to finish the configuration.
Figure 3.8: IP Address & DNS
Configuration
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring PC in Windows 95/98/ME
1.
2.
3.
Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel,
double-click Network and choose the Configuration tab.
Select TCP / IP -> NE2000 Compatible, or the name of any
Network Interface Card (NIC) in your PC. (See Figure 3.9)
Click Properties.
Figure 3.9: TCP / IP
4.
Select the IP Address tab. In this page, click the Obtain an IP
address automatically radio button. (See Figure 3.10)
Figure 3.10: IP Address
5.
6.
Then select the DNS Configuration tab. (See Figure 3.11)
Select the Disable DNS radio button and click OK to finish
the configuration.
Figure 3.11: DNS Configuration
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring PC in Windows NT4.0
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the
2.
Control
Panel, double-click Network and choose the Protocols tab.
Select TCP/IP Protocol and click Properties. (See Figure
3.12)
Figure 3.12: TCP / IP
3. Select the Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server radio
button and click OK. (See Figure 3.13)
Figure 3.13: IP Address
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
16
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Factory Default Settings
Before configuring your, you need to know the following default settings.
Web Interface (Username and Password)
Username: admin
Password: admin
The default username and password are “admin” and “admin” respectively.
If you ever forget the username/password to login to the router, you may
press the RESET button up to 6 seconds to restore the factory default
settings.
Attention
Attention
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds, to be sure you power
cycle the device again.
Device LAN IP settings:
IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
ISP setting in WAN site:
PPPoE
DHCP server
DHCP server is enabled.
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.100
IP pool counts: 100
LAN and WAN Port Addresses
The parameters of LAN and WAN ports are pre-set in the factory.
The default values are shown below.
LAN Port
IP address
192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP server function
Enabled
IP addresses for
distribution to PCs
100 IP addresses continuing from
192.168.1.100 through 192.168.1.199
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
WAN Port
The PPPoE function is enabled
to automatically get the WAN
port configuration from the ISP.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Information from your ISP
Before configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP (Internet Service Provider) to find out
what kind of service is provided such as DHCP (Obtain an IP Address Automatically, Static IP (Fixed IP
Address) and PPPoE.
Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
PPPoE
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, Service Name,
and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it ca be automatically assigned
by your ISP when you connect or be set manually).
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, Service Name,
PPPoE / PPPoE and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it ca be automatically assigned
by your ISP when you connect or be set manually). In addition, additional
with Pass-through
WAN address can be assigned using PPPoE dialer.
PPPoA
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password and Domain
Name System (DNS) IP address (it ca be automatically assigned by your ISP
when you connect or be set manually).
RFC 1483 Bridged
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing to use Bridged Mode.
RFC 1483 Routed
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway
address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
address).
IPoA Routed
(IP over ATM)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway
address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
address).
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
18
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring with your Web Browser
Open your web browser, enter the IP address of your router, which by default is 192.168.1.254, and click
“Go”, a user name and password window prompt will appear.
The default username and password
are “admin” and “admin” respectively. (See Figure 3.14)
Figure 3.14: User name & Password Prompt Window
Congratulation! You are now successfully logon to the SHDSL Router!
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
19
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Chapter 4: Configuration
At the configuration homepage, the left navigation pane where bookmarks are provided links you directly
to the desired setup page, including:
Status
- ARP Table
- Routing Table
- DHCP Table
- PPTP Status
- IPSec Status
- L2TP Status
- Email Status
- Event Log
- Error Log
- NAT Sessions
- Diagnostic
- UPnP Portmap
Quick Start
Configuration
- LAN
- WAN
- System
- Firewall
- VPN
- QoS
- Virtual Server
- Time Schedule
- Advanced
Save Config to FLASH
Language (provides user interface in English and French languages).
Logout
Please click the links to see the relevant sections of this manual for detailed instructions on how to
configure the SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridged Router.
Chapter 4: Configuration
20
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Status
ARP Table
This section displays the router’s ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) Table, which shows the mapping of
Internet (IP) addresses to Ethernet (MAC) addresses. This is useful as a quick way of determining the
MAC address of the network interface of your PCs to use with the router’s Firewall – MAC Address
Filter function. See the Firewall section of this manual for more information on this feature.
IP Address: A list of IP addresses of devices on your LAN (Local Area Network).
MAC Address: The MAC (Media Access Control) addresses for each device on your LAN.
Interface: The interface name (on the router) that this IP Address connects to.
Static: Static status of the ARP table entry:
“no” for dynamically-generated ARP table entries
“yes” for static ARP table entries added by the user
Routing Table
Routing Table
Valid:
It indicates a successful routing status.
Destination: The IP address of the destination network.
Netmask: The destination netmask address.
Gateway/Interface: The IP address of the gateway or existing interface that this route will use.
Cost: The number of hops counted as the cost of the route.
RIP Routing Table
Destination: The IP address of the destination network.
Netmask: The destination netmask address.
Gateway: The IP address of the gateway that this route will use.
Cost: The number of hops counted as the cost of the route.
Chapter 4: Configuration
21
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
DHCP Table
Leased: The DHCP assigned IP addresses information.
IP Address: A list of IP addresses of devices on your LAN (Local Area Network).
Expired: The expired IP addresses information.
Permanent: The fixed host mapping information
Leased Table
IP Address: The IP address that assigned to client.
MAC Address: The MAC address of client.
Client Host Name: The Host Name (Computer Name) of client.
Expiry: The current lease time of client.
Expired Table
Please refer the Leased Table.
Permanent Table
Name: The name you assigned to the Permanent configuration.
IP Address: The fixed IP address for the specify client.
MAC Address: The MAC Address that you want to assign the fixed IP address
Maximum Lease Time:
The maximum lease time interval you allow to clients.
PPTP Status
This shows details of your configured PPTP VPN Connections.
Chapter 4: Configuration
22
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Name: The name you assigned to the particular PPTP connection in your VPN configuration.
Type: The type of connection (dial-in/dial-out).
Enable: Whether the connection is currently enabled.
Active: Whether the connection is currently active.
Tunnel Connected: Whether the VPN Tunnel is currently connected.
Call Connected: If the Call for this VPN entry is currently connected.
Encryption: The encryption type used for this VPN connection.
IPSec Status
This shows details of your configured IPSec VPN Connections.
Name: The name you assigned to the particular VPN entry.
Active: Whether the VPN Connection is currently Active.
Connection State: Whether the VPN is Connected or Disconnected.
Statistics: Statistics for this VPN Connection.
Local Subnet: The local IP Address or Subnet used.
Remote Subnet: The Subnet of the remote site.
Remote Gateway: The Remote Gateway IP address.
SA: The Security Association for this VPN entry.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
L2TP Status
This shows details of your configured L2TP VPN Connections.
Name: The name you assigned to the particular L2TP connection in your VPN configuration.
Type: The type of connection (dial-in/dial-out).
Enable: Whether the connection is currently enabled.
Active: Whether the connection is currently active.
Tunnel Connected: Whether the VPN Tunnel is currently connected.
Call Connected: If the Call for this VPN entry is currently connected.
Encryption: The encryption type used for this VPN connection.
Email Status
Details and status for the Email Account you have configured the router to check. Please see the
Advanced section of this manual for details on this function.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Event Log
This page displays the router’s Event Log entries. Major events are logged to this window, such as when
the router’s SHDSL connection is disconnected, as well as Firewall events when you have enabled
Intrusion or Blocking Logging in the Configuration – Firewall section of the interface. Please see the
Firewall section of this manual for more details on how to enable Firewall logging.
Error Log
Any errors encountered by the router (e.g. invalid names given to entries) are logged to this window.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
NAT Sessions
This section lists all current NAT sessions between interface of types external (WAN) and internal (LAN).
Diagnostic
It tests the connection to computer(s) which is connected to LAN ports and also the WAN Internet
connection. If PING www.google.com is shown FAIL and the rest is PASS, you ought to check your
PC’s DNS settings is set correctly.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
UPnP Portmap
The section lists all port-mapping established using UPnP (Universal Plug and Play). Please see the
Advanced section of this manual for more details on UPnP and the router’s UPnP configuration options.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Quick Start
For detailed instructions on configuring your WAN settings, please see the WAN section of this manual.
Usually, the only details you will need for the Quick Start wizard to get you online are your login (often in
the form of [email protected]), your password and the encapsulation type. In additional, you have
the option to provide specific DNS as your desire, or check the Enable box to get the DNS automatically
from your ISP.
Your ISP will be able to supply all the details you need, alternatively, if you have deleted the current WAN
Connection in the WAN – ISP section of the interface, you can use the router’s PVC Scan feature to
attempt to determine the Encapsulation types offered by your ISP.
Click Start to begin scanning for encapsulation types offered by your ISP. If the scan is successful you will
then be presented with a list of supported options:
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Select the desired option from the list and click Apply to return to the Quick Start interface to continue
configuring your ISP connection. Please note that the contents of this list will vary, depending on what is
supported by your ISP.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuration
When you click this item, you get following sub-items to configure your router.
LAN, WAN, System, Firewall, VPN, QoS, Virtual Server, Time Schedule and Advanced
These functions are described below in the following sections.
LAN (Local Area Network)
Here are the items within LAN section: Bridge Interface, Ethernet, IP Alias, Ethernet Client Filter, Port
Settings and DHCP Server.
Bridge Interface
You can setup member ports for each VLAN group under Bridge Interface section. From the example, two
VLAN groups need to be created.
Ethernet: P1 (Port 1)
Ethernet1: P2, P3 and P4 (Port 2, 3, 4). Uncheck P2, P3, P4 from Ethernet VLAN port first.
Note: You should setup each VLAN group with caution. Each Bridge Interface is arranged in this order.
Bridge Interface
Ethernet
Ethernet1
Ethernet2
Ethernet3
VLAN Port (Always starts with)
P1 / P2 / P3 / P4
P2 / P3 / P4
P3 / P4
P4
Management Interface: To specify which VLAN group has possibility to do device management, like
doing web management.
Note: NAT/NAPT can be applied to management interface only.
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Ethernet
Primary IP Address
IP Address: The default IP on this router.
SubNetmask: The default subnet mask on this router.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast.
Chapter 4: Configuration
Check to enable RIP function.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
IP Alias
This function supports to create multiple virtual IP interfaces on this router. It helps to connect two or more
local networks to the ISP or remote node. In this case, an internal router is not required.
IP Address: Specify an IP address on this virtual interface.
SubNetmask: Specify a subnet mask on this virtual interface.
Security Interface: Specify the firewall setting on this virtual interface.
Internal: The network is behind NAT. All traffic will do network address translation when sending out to
Internet if NAT is enabled.
External: There is no NAT on this IP interface and connected to the Internet directly. Mostly it will be used
when providing multiple public IP addresses by ISP. In this case, you can use public IP address in local
network which gateway IP address point to the IP address on this interface.
DMZ: Specify this network to DMZ area. There is no NAT on this interface.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Ethernet Client Filter
The Ethernet Client Filter supports up to 16 Ethernet network machines that helps you to manage your
network control to accept traffic from specific authorized machines or can restrict unwanted machine(s) to
access your LAN.
There are no pre-define Ethernet MAC address filter rules; you can add the filter rules to meet your
requirements.
Ethernet Client Filter: Default setting is set to Disable.
Allowed: check to authorize specific device accessing your LAN by insert the MAC Address in
. Make sure your PC’s MAC is listed.
the space provided or click
Blocked: check to prevent unwanted device accessing your LAN by insert the MAC Address in
the space provided or click
. Make sure your PC’s MAC is not listed.
The maximum client is 16. The MAC addresses are 6 bytes long; they are presented only in
hexadecimal characters. The number 0 - 9 and letters a - f are acceptable.
Note: Follow the MAC Address Format xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx. Semicolon ( : ) must be included.
Candidates: automatically detects devices connected to the router through the Ethernet. .
→ Active PC in LAN
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Active PC in LAN displays a list of individual Ethernet device’s IP Address & MAC Address which
connecting to the router.
You can easily by checking the box next to the IP address to be blocked or allowed. Then, Add to insert to
the Ethernet Client Filter table. The maximum Ethernet client is 16.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Port Setting
This section allows you to configure the settings for the router’s Ethernet ports to solve some of the
compatibility problems that may be encountered while connecting to the Internet, as well allowing users to
tweak the performance of their network.
Port # Connection Type: Six options to choose from: Auto, 10M half-duplex, 10M full-duplex, 100M
half-duplex, 100M full-duplex and Disable. Sometimes, there are Ethernet compatibility problems with
legacy Ethernet devices, and you can configure different types to solve compatibility issues. The default
is Auto, which users should keep unless there are specific problems with PCs not being able to access
your LAN.
IPv4 TOS priority Control (Advanced users): TOS, Type of Services, is the 2nd octet of an IP packet.
Bits 6-7 of this octet are reserved and bit 0-5 are used to specify the priority of the packet.
This feature uses bits 0-5 to classify the packet’s priority. If the packet is high priority, it will flow first and
will not be constrained by the Rate Limit. Therefore, when this feature is enabled, the router’s Ethernet
switch will check the 2nd octet of each IP packet. If the value in the TOS field matches the checked values
in the table (0 to 63), this packet will be treated as high priority.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
DHCP Server
You can disable or enable the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server or enable the router’s
DHCP relay functions. The DHCP protocol allows your router to dynamically assign IP addresses to PCs
on your network if they are configured to obtain IP addresses automatically.
To disable the router’s DHCP Server, check Disabled and click Next, then click Apply. When the DHCP
Server is disabled you will need to manually assign a fixed IP address to each PCs on your network, and
set the default gateway for each PCs to the IP address of the router (by default this is 192.168.1.254).
To configure the router’s DHCP Server, check DHCP Server and click Next. You can then configure
parameters of the DHCP Server including the IP pool (starting IP address and ending IP address to be
allocated to PCs on your network), lease time for each assigned IP address (the period of time the IP
address assigned will be valid), DNS IP address and the gateway IP address. These details are sent to
the DHCP client (i.e. your PC) when it requests an IP address from the DHCP server. Click Apply to
enable this function. If you check “Use Router as a DNS Server”, the Router will perform the domain
name lookup, find the IP address from the outside network automatically and forward it back to the
requesting PC in the LAN (your Local Area Network).
If you check DHCP Relay Agent and click Next, then you will have to enter the IP address of the DHCP
server which will assign an IP address back to the DHCP client in the LAN. Use this function only if
advised to do so by your network administrator or ISP.
Click Apply to enable this function.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
WAN - Wide Area Network
WAN refers to your Wide Area Network connection, i.e. your router’s connection to your ISP and the
Internet. Here are the items within the WAN section: ISP, DNS and SHDSL.
ISP
The factory default is PPPoE. If your ISP uses this access protocol, click Edit to input other parameters
as below. If your ISP does not use PPPoE, you can change the default WAN connection entry by clicking
Change.
Some of ISP may provide more service via different WAN connection. In case, you can create more
connections by clicking Create. The device can support maximum up to 8 WAN connections.
Note: The application of multiple WAN connections is depend on your Service Provider.
A simpler alternative is to select Quick Start from the main menu on the left. Please see the Quick Start
section of the manual for more information.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
RFC 1483 Routed Connections
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI and VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and
can access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Encapsulation method: Selects the encapsulation format, the default is LLC Bridged. Select the one
provided by your ISP.
IP Assignment
Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client: specify if the Router can get an IP
address from the ISP (Internet Service Provider) automatically.
Use the following IP Address: Specify the IP address manually; the IP should be given by you
our ISP.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
RFC 1483 Bridged Connections
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI and VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format, this is provided by your ISP.
Acceptable Frame Type: Specify what kind of traffic can through this connection, all traffic or only VLAN
tagged.
Filter Type: Specify the type of ethernet filtering performed by the named bridge interface.
All
Ip
Pppoe
Allows all types of ethernet packets through the port.
Allows only IP/ARP types of ethernet packets through the port.
Allows only PPPoE types of ethernet packets through the port.
PVID for Untagged Frames: PVID is known as Port VLAN Identifier. When an untagged packet is
received by input port(s), this packet will be tagged with specified PVID. The valid value range for PVID is
1~4094.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
PPPoA Routed Connections
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive). This will usually be in the format of “[email protected]” instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive).
IP Address: Specify an IP address allowed to logon and access the router’s web server..
Note: IP 0.0.0.0 indicates all users who are connected to this router are allowed to logon the device and modify
data.
Authentication Protocol Type: Default is Chap (Auto). Your ISP will advise you whether to use Chap or
Pap.
Connection:
Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPPoA session when starting up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoA session when disconnected by the ISP.
Connect on Demand: If you want to establish a PPPoA session only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access the
Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line for a
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
predetermined period of time.
Detail: You can define the destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) without checking by
timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger and reset the idle timer.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Advanced Options (PPPoA)
LLC Header: Selects encapsulation mode, true for using LLC or false for using VC-Mux.
Create Route: This setting specifies whether a route is added to the system after IPCP (Internet Protocol
Control Protocol) negotiation is completed. If set to enabled, a route will be created which directs packets
to the remote end of the PPP link.
Specific Route: Specifies whether the route created when a PPP link comes up is a specific or default
route. If set to enabled, the route created will only apply to packets for the subnet at the remote end of the
PPP link. The address of this subnet is obtained during IPCP negotiation.
Subnet Mask: sets the subnet mask used for the local IP interface connected to the PPP transport. If the
value 0.0.0.0 is supplied, the netmask will be calculated from the class of the IP address obtained during
IPCP negotiation.
Route Mask: Sets the subnet mask used by the route that is created when a PPP link comes up. If it is
set to 0.0.0.0, the subnet mask is determined by the IP address of the remote end of the link. The class of
the IP address is obtained during IPCP (Internet Protocol Control Protocol) negotiation.
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit. This is negotiated during the LCP protocol stage.
Discover Primary / Secondary DNS: This setting enables/disables whether the primary/secondary DNS
server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default setting for this command is
enabled.
Give DNS to Relay: Controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can request the
DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP address, it
automatically gives the address to the local DNS relay so that a connection can be established.
Give DNS to Client: Controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can equest a
DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP address, it
automatically gives the address to the local DNS client so that a connection can be established.
Give DNS to DHCP Server: Similar to the above, but gives the DNS server address to the DHCP server.
Discover Primary NBNS / Discover Secondary NBNS: This setting enables/disables whether the
primary/secondary NBNS server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default
setting for this command is disabled.
Discover Subnet Mask: Specifies if the subnet mask given by IPCP negotiation process is to be used.
Give Subnet Mask To DHCP Server: Enable to change your DHCP Server settings by using the given
information in IPCP negotiation process.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
IPoA Routed Connections
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
IP Assignment
Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client: specify if the Router can get an IP
address from the ISP (Internet Service Provider) automatically.
Use the following IP Address: Specify the IP address manually; the IP should be given by you
our ISP.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
PPPoE Connections
Description: User-definable name for this connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single ISP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive). This will usually be in the format of “[email protected]” instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you the
information. Maximum input is 20 alphanumeric characters.
IP Address: specify if the Router can get an IP address from the Internet Server Provider (ISP)
automatically or not. Please click Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client to enable the DHCP
client function or click Specify an IP address to disable the DHCP client function, and specify the IP
address manually. The setting of this item is specified by your ISP.
Authentication Protocol: Default is Chap(Auto). Your ISP will advise you whether to use Chap or Pap.
Connection
Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPPoE session when starting up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Connect on Demand: If you want to establish a PPPoE session only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access the
Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line for a
predetermined period of time.
Detail: You can define the destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) without checking by
timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger and reset the idle timer.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Advanced Options (PPPoE)
LLC Header: Selects encapsulation mode, true for using LLC or false for using VC-Mux.
Create Route: This setting specifies whether a route is added to the system after IPCP (Internet Protocol
Control Protocol) negotiation is completed. If set to enabled, a route will be created which directs packets
to the remote end of the PPP link.
Specific Route: Specifies whether the route created when a PPP link comes up is a specific or default
route. If set to enabled, the route created will only apply to packets for the subnet at the remote end of the
PPP link. The address of this subnet is obtained during IPCP negotiation.
Subnet Mask: sets the subnet mask used for the local IP interface connected to the PPP transport. If the
value 0.0.0.0 is supplied, the netmask will be calculated from the class of the IP address obtained during
IPCP negotiation.
Route Mask: Sets the subnet mask used by the route that is created when a PPP link comes up. If it is
set to 0.0.0.0, the subnet mask is determined by the IP address of the remote end of the link. The class of
the IP address is obtained during IPCP (Internet Protocol Control Protocol) negotiation.
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit. This is negotiated during the LCP protocol stage.
Discover Primary / Secondary DNS: This setting enables/disables whether the primary/secondary DNS
server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default setting for this command is
enabled.
Give DNS to Relay: Controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can request the
DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP address, it
automatically gives the address to the local DNS relay so that a connection can be established.
Give DNS to Client: Controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can request a
DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP address, it
automatically gives the address to the local DNS client so that a connection can be established.
Give DNS to DHCP Server: Similar to the above, but gives the DNS server address to the DHCP server.
Discover Primary NBNS / Discover Secondary NBNS: This setting enables/disables whether the
primary/secondary NBNS server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default
setting for this command is disabled.
Discover Subnet Mask: Specifies if the subnet mask given by IPCP negotiation process is to be used.
Give Subnet Mask To DHCP Server: Enable to change your DHCP Server settings by using the given
information in IPCP negotiation process.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
PPPoE with Pass-through Connections
PPPoE with pass-through adapts the following method: PPPoE Routed mode + 1483 Bridge Mode. With
pure PPPoE connection, the router can get one WAN address to the router. With the PPPoE and
PPPoE pass-through, concurrently, it allows user to have a WAN address assigned to the router but also
able to get another WAN IP from ISP using PPPoE dialer (e.g WinPoETor Windows XP PPPoE Dialer) at
the same time.
Description: User-definable name for this connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single ISP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive). This will usually be in the format of “[email protected]” instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you the
information. Maximum input is 20 alphanumeric characters.
IP Address: specify if the Router can get an IP address from the Internet Server Provider (ISP)
automatically or not. Please click Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client to enable the DHCP
client function or click Specify an IP address to disable the DHCP client function, and specify the IP
address manually. The setting of this item is specified by your ISP.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Authentication Protocol: Default is Chap(Auto). Your ISP will advise you whether to use Chap or Pap.
Connection:
Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPPoE session when starting up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP.
Connect on Demand: If you want to establish a PPPoE session only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access the
Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line for a
predetermined period of time.
Detail: You can define the destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) without checking by
timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger and reset the idle timer.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Advanced Options (PPPoE)
LLC Header: Selects encapsulation mode, true for using LLC or false for using VC-Mux.
Create Route: This setting specifies whether a route is added to the system after IPCP (Internet Protocol
Control Protocol) negotiation is completed. If set to enabled, a route will be created which directs packets
to the remote end of the PPP link.
Specific Route: Specifies whether the route created when a PPP link comes up is a specific or default
route. If set to enabled, the route created will only apply to packets for the subnet at the remote end of the
PPP link. The address of this subnet is obtained during IPCP negotiation.
Subnet Mask: sets the subnet mask used for the local IP interface connected to the PPP transport. If the
value 0.0.0.0 is supplied, the netmask will be calculated from the class of the IP address obtained during
IPCP negotiation.
Route Mask: Sets the subnet mask used by the route that is created when a PPP link comes up. If it is
set to 0.0.0.0, the subnet mask is determined by the IP address of the remote end of the link. The class of
the IP address is obtained during IPCP (Internet Protocol Control Protocol) negotiation.
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit. This is negotiated during the LCP protocol stage.
Discover Primary / Secondary DNS: This setting enables/disables whether the primary/secondary DNS
server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default setting for this command is
enabled.
Give DNS to Relay: Controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can request the
DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP address, it
automatically gives the address to the local DNS relay so that a connection can be established.
Give DNS to Client: Controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can request a
DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP address, it
automatically gives the address to the local DNS client so that a connection can be established.
Give DNS to DHCP Server: Similar to the above, but gives the DNS server address to the DHCP server.
Discover Primary NBNS / Discover Secondary NBNS: This setting enables/disables whether the
primary/secondary NBNS server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default
setting for this command is disabled.
Discover Subnet Mask: Specifies if the subnet mask given by IPCP negotiation process is to be used.
Give Subnet Mask To DHCP Server: Enable to change your DHCP Server settings by using the given
information in IPCP negotiation process.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
DNS
A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP addresses. On the
Internet, every host has a unique and user-friendly name (domain name) such as www.helloworld.com
and an IP address. An IP address is a 32-bit number in the form of xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx, for example
192.168.1.254. You can think of an IP address as a telephone number for devices on the Internet, and the
DNS will allow you to find the telephone number for any particular domain name. As an IP Address is hard
to remember, the DNS converts the friendly name into its equivalent IP Address.
You can obtain a Domain Name System (DNS) IP address automatically if your ISP has provided it when
you logon, check the Enable box. Usually when you choose PPPoE or PPPoA as your WAN - ISP
protocol, the ISP will provide the DNS IP address automatically. You may leave the configuration field
blank.
Alternatively, your ISP may provide you with an IP address of their DNS. If this is the case, you must enter
the DNS IP address manually.
If you choose one of the other three protocols ─ RFC1483 Routed/Bridged and IPoA check with your ISP,
it may provide you with an IP address for their DNS server. You must enter the DNS IP address if you set
the DNS of your PC to the LAN IP address of this router.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
SHDSL – BiPAC 8500
Mode: The SHDSL device can function as a CPE (Customer Premises Equipment) or CO (Central
Office). Select CPE mode when the BiPAC 8500 is connecting to your ISP.
Back – to –back: it is a direct connection between two SHDSL devices which one is set to CPE and the
other is CO by using a standard RJ-11 telephone cable.
Annex Type: It is the DSL operating mode standard. Select Annex A or Annex B to support up to
2.3Mpbs SHDSL function. Select other annex such as Annex B_ANFP / Annex A_B_ANFP, you may
consult with your ISP first.
Back – to –back: to be sure the Annex type is the same on the BiPAC 8500 and the remote router.
Bit Rate Mode: The mode selections are Adaptive and Fixed. Selecting the Adaptive mode, the best
connection rate will be automatically negotiated with the CO / ISP. Selecting the Fixed mode, the
connection rate will be fixed to the specific fixed bit rate selected with the CO / ISP.
Fixed Bit Rate: Specify the fix transfer rate when Fixed Mode is selected. Specify the maximum
transfer rate when Adaptive Mode is selected. Bit Rate range is from 72kbps ~ 2368kbps.
Activate Line: Line active true is set by default.
SHDSL connection
Select false to disable and true to enable SHDSL
Note: Once Active Line is selected as false, you must enable the Active Line to true again and click Apply button to
reactivate SHDSL connection.
DSP FirmwareVersion: Display the SHDSL line code firmware version.
Connected: Display current SHDSL line sync status.
State: Display current SHDSL line status.
Bit Rate: Display SHDSL line synch speed rate.
Click Apply button to apply your changes.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
SHDSL – BiPAC 8520
4-wired Mode
2-wired Mode
4-Wired Connection: BiPAC 8520 supports either 2-wire and 4-wires SHDSL connection. Activate the
device to 4-wired by enabling the function; otherwise, disable it to be used as 2-wire mode connection.
Note: When select 2-wired mode, only Port 1 settings need to be configured and the SHDSL (RJ-11 cable) must
be connected to LINE 1 on the back of the device.
Mode: The SHDSL device can function as a CPE (Customer Premises Equipment) or CO (Central
Office). Select CPE mode when the BiPAC 8500 is connecting to your ISP.
Back – to –back: it is a direct connection between two SHDSL devices which one is set to CPE and the
other is CO by using a standard RJ-11 telephone cable.
Annex Type: It is the DSL operating mode standard. Select Annex A or Annex B to support up to
2.3Mpbs (for 2-wired mode) and 4.6Mpbs (for 4-wired mode). Select other annex such as Annex B_ANFP
/ Annex A_B_ANFP, you may consult with your ISP first.
Back – to –back: to be sure the Annex type is the same on the BiPAC 8520 and the remote router.
Bit Rate Mode: The mode selections are Adaptive and Fixed. Selecting the Adaptive mode, the best
connection rate will be automatically negotiated with the CO / ISP. Selecting the Fixed mode, the
connection rate will be fixed to the specific fixed bit rate selected with the CO / ISP.
Fixed Bit Rate: Specify the fix transfer rate when Fixed Mode is selected. Specify the maximum
transfer rate when Adaptive Mode is selected. Bit Rate range is from 72kbps ~ 2368kbps.
Activate Line: Line active true is set by default.
SHDSL connection
Select false to disable and true to enable SHDSL
Note: Once Active Line is selected as false, you must enable the Active Line to true again and click Apply button to
reactivate SHDSL connection.
DSP FirmwareVersion: Display the SHDSL line code firmware version.
Connected: Display current SHDSL line sync status.
State: Display current SHDSL line status.
Bit Rate: Display SHDSL line synch speed rate.
Click Apply button to apply your changes
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
SHDSL – BiPAC 8501
Mode: The SHDSL device can function as a CPE (Customer Premises Equipment) or CO. Select CPE
mode when the BiPAC 8501 is connecting to your ISP.
Annex Type: It is the DSL operating mode standard. Select Annex A or Annex B to support up to 5.7Mbps
SHDSL.bis function. Select other annex such as Annex B_ANFP / Annex A_B_ANFP, you may consult
with your ISP first.
Bit Rate Mode: The mode selections are Adaptive and Fixed. Selecting the Adaptive mode, the best
connection rate will be automatically negotiated with the CO / ISP. Selecting the Fixed mode, the
connection rate will be fixed to the specific fixed bit rate selected with the CO / ISP.
Fixed Bit Rate: Specify the fix transfer rate when Fixed Mode is selected. Specify the maximum
transfer rate when Adaptive Mode is selected. Bit Rate range is from 72kbps ~ 5704kbps.
Activate Line: Line active true is set by default.
SHDSL connection
Select false to disable and true to enable SHDSL
Note: Once Active Line is selected as false, you must enable the Active Line to true again and click Apply button to
reactivate SHDSL connection.
DSP FirmwareVersion: Display the SHDSL line code firmware version.
Connected: Display current SHDSL line sync status.
State: Display current SHDSL line status.
Bit Rate: Display SHDSL line synch speed rate.
Click Apply button to apply your changes.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
System
Here are items within the System section: Time Zone, Remote Access, Firmware Upgrade,
Backup/Restore, Restart and User Management.
Time Zone
The router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server outside your network. Choose your local time zone,
click Enable and click the Apply button. After successful connection to the Internet, the router will retrieve
the correct local time from the SNTP server you have specified. If you prefer to specify an SNTP server
other than those in the list, simply enter its IP address as shown above. Your ISP may provide an SNTP
server for you to use.
Daylight Saving is also known as Summer Time Period. Many places in the world adapt it during
summer time to move one hour of daylight from morning to the evening in local standard time. Check
Automatic box to auto set your local time.
Resync Period (in minutes) is the periodic interval the router will wait before it re-synchronizes the
router’s time with that of the specified SNTP server. In order to avoid unnecessarily increasing the load
on your specified SNTP server you should keep the poll interval as high as possible – at the absolute
minimum every few hours or even days.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Remote Access
To temporarily permit remote administration of the router (i.e. from outside your LAN), select a time period
the router will permit remote access for and click Enable. You may change other configuration options for
the web administration interface using Device Management options in the Advanced section of the GUI.
If you wish to permanently enable remote access, choose a time period of 0 minutes.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Firmware Upgrade
Your router’s “firmware” is the software that allows it to operate and provides all its functionality. Think of
your router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the software it runs. Over time this software
may be improved and modified, and your router allows you to upgrade the software it runs to take
advantage of these changes.
Clicking on Browse will allow you to select the new firmware image file you have downloaded to your PC.
Once the correct file is selected, click Upgrade to update the firmware in your router.
DO NOT power down the router or interrupt the firmware upgrading while
it is still in process. Improper operation could damage the router.
Warning
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Backup / Restore
These functions allow you to save and backup your router’s current settings to a file on your PC, or to
restore a previously saved backup. This is useful if you wish to experiment with different settings,
knowing that you have a backup handy in the case of any mistakes. It is advisable to backup your router’s
settings before making any significant changes to your router’s configuration.
Press Backup to select where on your local PC to save the settings file. You may also change the name
of the file when saving if you wish to keep multiple backups.
Press Browse to select a file from your PC to restore. You should only restore settings files that have
been generated by the Backup function, and that were created when using the current version of the
router’s firmware. Settings files saved to your PC should not be manually edited in any way.
After selecting the settings file you wish to use, pressing Restore will load those settings into the router.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Restart Router
Click Restart with option Current Settings to reboot your router (and restore your last saved
configuration).
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a firmware upgrade or
if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default Settings to reset to factory default
settings.
You may also hardware reset your router to factory settings by holding the RESET pinhole button on the
back panel of the router for more than 6 seconds whilst the router is turned on.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
User Management
In order to prevent unauthorized access to your router’s configuration interface, it requires all users to
login with a password. You can set up multiple user accounts, each with their own password.
You are able to Edit existing users and Create new users who are able to access the device’s
configuration interface. Once you have clicked on Edit, you are shown the following options:
You can change the user’s password, whether their account is active and Valid, as well as add a
comment to each user account. These options are the same when creating a user account, with the
exception that once created you cannot change the username. You cannot delete the default admin
account; however, you can delete any other created accounts by clicking Delete when editing the user.
You are strongly advised to change the password on the default “admin” account when you receive your
router, and any time you reset your configuration to Factory Defaults.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Firewall and Access Control
Your router includes a full SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) firewall for controlling Internet access from
your LAN, as well as helping to prevent attacks from hackers. In addition to this, when using NAT, the
router acts as a “natural” Internet firewall, as all PCs on your LAN will use private IP addresses that
cannot be directly accessed from the Internet.
Firewall: Prevents access from outside your network. The router provides three levels of security
support:
NAT natural firewall: This masks LAN users’ IP addresses which is invisible to outside users on the
Internet, making it much more difficult for a hacker to target a machine on your network. This natural
firewall is on when NAT function is enabled.
When using Virtual Servers your PCs will be exposed to the degree
specified in your Virtual Server settings provided the ports specified are
opened in your firewall packet filter settings.
Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Inbound direction of Packet Filter rules to prevent
unauthorized computers or applications accessing your local network from the Internet.
Intrusion Detection: Enable Intrusion Detection to detect, prevent and log malicious attacks.
Access Control: Prevents access from PCs on your local network:
Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Outbound direction of Packet Filter rules to prevent
unauthorized computers or applications accessing the Internet.
URL Filter: To block PCs on your local network from unwanted websites.
Here are items under the Firewall section: General Settings, Packet Filter, Intrusion Detection, URL
Filter, IM/P2P Blocking and Firewall Log.
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General Settings
You can choose not to enable Firewall, you will not able to add filter rules by yourself in the Packet Filter,
or enable the Firewall using preset filter rules and modify the packet filter rules as required. The Packet
Filter is used to filter packets based-on Applications (Port) or IP addresses.
There are four options when you enable the Firewall, they are:
All blocked/User-defined: no pre-defined port or address filter rules by default, meaning that
all inbound (Internet to LAN) and outbound (LAN to Internet) packets will be blocked. Users
have to add their own filter rules for further access to the Internet.
High/Medium/Low security level: the predefined port filter rules for High, Medium and Low
security are displayed in Port Filters of Packet Filter.
Select either High, Medium or Low security level to enable the Firewall. The only difference between
these three security levels is the preset port filter rules in the Packet Filter. Firewall functionality is the
same for all levels; it is only the list of preset port filters that changes between each setting. For more
detailed on level of preset port filter information, refer to Table 1: Predefined Port Filter.
Note: The changes or added custom filters on a previous security level will be remembered whenever newer
security level is selected. There is no need to reconfigure all settings again if switching back to the previous level.
The “Block WAN Request” is a stand-alone function and not relate to whether security enable or disable.
Mostly it is for preventing any scan tools from WAN site by hacker.
Any remote user who is attempting to perform this action may result in
blocking all the accesses to configure and manage of the device from the
Internet.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Packet Filter
This function is only available when the Firewall is enabled and one of these four security levels is chosen
(All blocked, High, Medium and Low). The predefined port filter rules in the Packet Filter must modify
accordingly to the level of Firewall, which is selected. See Table1: Predefined Port Filter for more
detailed information.
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Example:
Predefined Port Filters Rules
The predefined port filter rules for High, Medium and Low security levels are listed. See Table 1.
Note: Firewall – All Blocked/User-defined, you must define and create the port filter rules yourself. No
predefined rule is being preconfigured.
Table 1: Predefined Port Filter
Application Protocol
Port Number
Start
End
Firewall - Low
Firewall - Medium
Firewall – High
Inbound Outbound Inbound Outbound Inbound Outbound
HTTP(80)
TCP(6)
80
80
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
DNS (53)
UDP(17)
53
53
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
DNS (53)
TCP(6)
53
53
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
FTP(21)
TCP(6)
21
21
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
Telnet(23)
TCP(6)
23
23
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
SMTP(25)
TCP(6)
25
25
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
POP3(110)
TCP(6)
110
110
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
TCP(6)
119
119
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
UDP(17) 7070 7070
YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
PING
ICMP(1)
N/A
N/A
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
H.323(1720)
TCP(6)
1720 1720
YES
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
T.120(1503)
TCP(6)
1503 1503
YES
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
SSH(22)
TCP(6)
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
N/A
N/A
NEWS(NNTP)
(Network
News
Transfer Protocol)
RealAudio/
RealVideo
(7070)
22
22
NTP /SNTP
UDP(17) 123 123
(123)
HTTP/HTTP
TCP(6) 8080 8080
Proxy
(8080)
HTTPS(443)
TCP(6)
443
443
NO
YES
NO
YES
N/A
N/A
ICQ (5190)
TCP(6)
5190 5190
YES
YES
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
MSN (1863)
TCP(6)
1863 1863
YES
YES
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
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MSN (7001) UDP(17) 7001 7001
YES
YES
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
MSN VEDIO
(9000)
NO
YES
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
TCP(6)
9000 9000
Inbound: Internet to LAN ; Outbound: LAN to Internet.
YES: Allowed ; NO: Blocked ; N/A: Not Applicable
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Packet Filter – Add TCP/UDP Filter
Rule Name: Users-define description to identify this entry or click
predefined rules. The maximum name length is 32 characters.
to select existing
Time Schedule: It is self-defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your prioritization
policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section
Source IP Address(es) / Destination IP Address(es): This is the Address-Filter used to allow or block
traffic to/from particular IP address(es). Selecting the Subnet Mask of the IP address range you wish to
allow/block the traffic to or form; set IP address and Subnet Mask to 0.0.0.0 to inactive the Address-Filter
rule.
Tip: To block access, to/from a single IP address, enter that IP address as the Host IP Address and use
a Host Subnet Mask of “255.255.255.255”.
Type: It is the packet protocol type used by the application, select among from TCP or UDP or both of
TCP/UDP.
Source Port: This Port or Port Ranges defines the port allowed to be used by the Remote/WAN to
connect to the application.
Default is set from range 0 ~ 65535. It is recommended that this option be
configured by an advanced user.
Destination Port:
This is the Port or Port Ranges that defines the application.
Inbound / Outbound:
Internet (“Inbound”).
Select Allow or Block the access to the Internet (“Outbound”) or from the
Click Apply button to apply your changes.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Packet Filter – Add Raw IP Filter
Rule Name: Users-define description to identify this entry or click
predefined rules.
to select existing
Time Schedule: It is self-defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your prioritization
policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section
Protocol Number: Insert the port number, i.e. GRE 47.
Inbound / Outbound:
Internet (“Inbound”).
Select Allow or Block the access to the Internet (“Outbound”) or from the
Click Apply button to apply your changes.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Example: Configuring your firewall to allow for a publicly accessible web server on your
LAN
The predefined port filter rule for HTTP (TCP port 80) is the same no matter whether the firewall is set to a
high, medium or low security level. To setup a web server located on the local network when the firewall is
enabled, you have to configure the Port Filters setting for HTTP.
As you can see from the diagram below, when the firewall is enabled with one of the three presets
(Low/Medium/High), inbound HTTP access is not allowed which means remote access through HTTP to
your router is not allowed.
Note: Inbound indicates accessing from Internet to LAN and Outbound is from LAN to the Internet.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring Packet Filter:
1.
Click Port Filters. You will then be presented with the predefined port filter rules screen (in this case
for the low security level), shown below:
Note: You may click Edit the predefined rule instead of Delete it.
a filter on your own.
This is an example to show to how you add
Click Delete
2.
Click Delete to delete the existing HTTP rule.
3.
Click Add TCP/UDP Filter.
Click Add TCP/UDP Filter
4.
Input the Rule Name, Time Schedule, Source/Destination IP, Type, Source/Destination Port,
Inbound and Outbound.
Example:
Application: Cindy_HTTP
Time Schedule: Always On
Source / Destination IP Address(es): 0.0.0.0 (I do not wish to active the address-filter, instead I
use the port-filter)
Type: TCP (Please refer to Table1: Predefined Port Filter)
Source Port: 0-65535 (I allow all ports to connect with the application))
Redirect Port: 80-80 (This is Port defined for HTTP)
Inbound / Outbound: Allow
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
5.
The new port filter rule for HTTP is shown below:
6.
Configure your Virtual Server (“port forwarding”) settings so that incoming HTTP requests on port 80
will be forwarded to the PC running your web server:
Note: For how to configure the HTTP in Virtual Server, go to Add Virtual Server in Virtual Server section for
more details.
.
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Intrusion Detection
The router’s Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is used to detect hacker attacks and intrusion attempts
from the Internet. If the IDS function of the firewall is enabled, inbound packets are filtered and blocked
depending on whether they are detected as possible hacker attacks, intrusion attempts or other
connections that the router determines to be suspicious.
Blacklist: If the router detects a possible attack, the source IP or destination IP address will be added to
the Blacklist. Any further attempts using this IP address will be blocked for the time period specified as the
Block Duration. The default setting for this function is false (disabled). Some attack types are denied
immediately without using the Blacklist function, such as Land attack and Echo/CharGen scan.
Intrusion Detection: If enabled, IDS will block Smurf attack attempts. Default is false.
Block Duration:
Victim Protection Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking Smurf attacks. Default
value is 600 seconds.
Scan Attack Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking hosts that attempt a possible
Scan attack. Scan attack types include X’mas scan, IMAP SYN/FIN scan and similar attempts.
Default value is 86400 seconds.
DoS Attack Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking hosts that attempt a possible
Denial of Service (DoS) attack. Possible DoS attacks this attempts to block include Ascend Kill and
WinNuke. Default value is 1800 seconds.
Max TCP Open Handshaking Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether a SYN Flood attempt
is occurring or not. Default value is 100 TCP SYN per seconds.
Max PING Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether an ICMP Echo Storm is occurring or not.
Default value is 15 ICMP Echo Requests (PING) per second.
Max ICMP Count: This is a threshold to decide whether an ICMP flood is occurring or not. Default value
is 100 ICMP packets per seconds except ICMP Echo Requests (PING).
For SYN Flood, ICMP Echo Storm and ICMP flood, IDS will just warn the user in the Event Log. It cannot
protect against such attacks.
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Table 2: Hacker attack types recognized by the IDS
Intrusion Name
Detect Parameter Blacklist
Type of Block
Drop Packet
Duration
Show Log
Ascend Kill
Ascend Kill data
Src IP
DoS
Yes
Yes
WinNuke
TCP
Port 135, 137~139,
Flag: URG
Src IP
DoS
Yes
Yes
Smurf
ICMP type 8
Des IP is broadcast
Dst IP
Victim
Protection
Yes
Yes
Land attack
SrcIP = DstIP
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Echo/CharGen Scan
Echo Scan
CharGen Scan
X’mas Tree Scan
IMAP
SYN/FIN Scan
SYN/FIN/RST/ACK
Scan
Net Bus Scan
Back Orifice Scan
SYN Flood
ICMP Flood
ICMP Echo
UDP Echo Port and
CharGen Port
UDP Dst Port =
Echo(7)
UDP Dst Port =
CharGen(19)
TCP Flag: X’mas
TCP Flag: SYN/FIN
DstPort: IMAP(143)
SrcPort: 0 or 65535
TCP,
No Existing session
And Scan Hosts
more than five.
TCP
No Existing session
DstPort = Net Bus
12345,12346, 3456
UDP, DstPort =
Orifice Port (31337)
Max TCP Open
Handshaking Count
(Default 100 c/sec)
Max ICMP Count
(Default 100 c/sec)
Max PING Count
(Default 15 c/sec)
Src IP: Source IP
Dst Port: Destination Port
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Src IP
Scan
Yes
Yes
Src IP
Scan
Yes
Yes
Src IP
Scan
Yes
Yes
Src IP
Scan
Yes
Yes
Src IP
Scan
Yes
Yes
SrcIP
Scan
Yes
Yes
SrcIP
Scan
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Src Port: Source Port
Dst IP: Destination IP
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
URL Filter
URL (Uniform Resource Locator – e.g. an address in the form of http://www.abcde.com or
http://www.example.com) filter rules allow you to prevent users on your network from accessing particular
websites by their URL. There are no pre-defined URL filter rules; you can add filter rules to meet your
requirements.
Enable/Disable: To enable or disable URL Filter feature.
Block Mode: A list of the modes that you can choose to check the URL filter rules.
Disabled: No action will be performed by the Block Mode.
Always On: Action is enabled.
day.
URL filter rules will be monitoring and checking at all hours of the
TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: It is self-defined time period. You may specify the time period to
check the URL filter rules, i.e. during working hours. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule
section.
Keywords Filtering: Allows blocking by specific keywords within a particular URL rather than having to
specify a complete URL (e.g. to block any image called “advertisement.gif”). When enabled, your
specified keywords list will be checked to see if any keywords are present in URLs accessed to determine
if the connection attempt should be blocked. Please note that the URL filter blocks web browser (HTTP)
connection attempts using port 80 only.
For example, if the URL is http://www.abc.com/abcde.html, it will be dropped as the keyword “abcde”
occurs in the URL.
Domains Filtering: This function checks the whole URL not the IP address, in URLs accessed against
your list of domains to block or allow. If it is matched, the URL request will be sent (Trusted) or dropped
(Forbidden). For this function to be activated, both check-boxes must be checked. Here is the
checking procedure:
1.
Check the domain in the URL to determine if it is in the trusted list. If yes, the connection
attempt is sent to the remote web server.
2.
If not, check if it is listed in the forbidden list.
dropped.
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If yes, then the connection attempt will be
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
3.
If the packet does not match either of the above two items, it is sent to the remote web
server.
4.
Please be note that the completed URL, “www” + domain name, shall be specified. For
example to block traffic to www.google.com.au, enter “www.google” or
“www.google.com”
In the example below, the URL request for www.abc.com will be sent to the remote web server because it
is listed in the trusted list, whilst the URL request for www.google or www.google.com will be dropped,
because www.google is in the forbidden list.
Example: Andy wishes to disable all WEB traffic except for ones listed in the trusted domain, which
would prevent Bobby from accessing other web sites. Andy selects both functions in the Domain
Filtering and thinks that it will stop Bobby. But Bobby knows this function, Domain Filtering, ONLY
disables all WEB traffic except for Trusted Domain, BUT not its IP address. If this is the situation,
Block surfing by IP address function can be handy and helpful to Andy. Now, Andy can prevent Bobby
from accessing other sites.
Restrict URL Features: This function enhances the restriction to your URL rules.
Block Java Applet: This function can block Web content that includes the Java Applet. It is to
prevent someone who wants to damage your system via standard HTTP protocol.
Block surfing by IP address: Preventing someone who uses the IP address as URL for skipping
Domains Filtering function. Activates only and if Domain Filtering enabled.
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IM / P2P Blocking
IM, short for Instant Message, is required to use client program software that allows users to
communicate, in exchanging text message, with other IM users in real time over the Internet. A P2P
application, known as Peer-to-peer, is group of computer users who share file to specific groups of people
across the Internet. Both Instant Message and Peer-to-peer applications make communication faster
and easier but your network can become increasingly insecure at the same time. Billion’s IM and P2P
blocking helps users to restrict LAN PCs to access to the commonly used IM, Yahoo and MSN, and P2P,
BitTorrent and eDonkey, applications over the Internet.
Instant Message Blocking: The default is set to Disabled.
Disabled: Instant Message blocking is not triggered. No action will be performed.
Always On: Action is enabled.
TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: This is the self-defined time period. You may specify the time period
to trigger the blocking, i.e. during working hours. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule
section.
Yahoo/MSN Messenger: Check the box to block either or both Yahoo or/and MSN Messenger. To be
sure you enabled the Instant Message Blocking first.
Peer to Peer Blocking: The default is set to Disabled.
Disabled: Instant Message blocking is not triggered. No action will be performed.
Always On: Action is enabled.
TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: This is the self-defined time period. You may specify the time period
to trigger the blocking, i.e. during working hours. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule
section.
BitTorrent / eDonkey: Check the box to block either or both Bit Torrent or/and eDonkey.
enabled the Peer to Peer Blocking first.
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To be sure you
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SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Firewall Log
Firewall Log display log information of any unexpected action with your firewall settings.
Check the Enable box to activate the logs.
Log information can be seen in the Status – Event Log after enabling.
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VPN - Virtual Private Networks
Virtual Private Networks is ways to establish secured communication tunnels to an organization’s network
via the Internet. Your router supports three main types of VPN (Virtual Private Network), PPTP, IPSec
and L2TP.
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)
There are two types of PPTP VPN supported; Remote Access and LAN-to-LAN (please refer below for
more information.). Click Create to configure a new VPN connection.
After you have created PPTP connection, account status will be displayed. (See example above).
Enable / Disable: This function activates or deactivates the PPTP connection. To wish interrupting
the tunnel, check Disable radio button and click Apply button to deactivate the connection.
Name: User-defined name of the connection.
Type: This refers to your router operates as a client or a server, Dialout or Dialin in respectively.
Status: It informs your PPTP tunnel connection condition.
Chapter 4: Configuration
73
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
PPTP Connection - Remote Access
Connection Name: User-defined name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or Domain
Name) you wish to connection to.
When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User address.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
If you are a
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
If you are a
PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the authentication type to
use, or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password
Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the
authentication type you want clients connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP,
the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows
for challenges at different periods to ensure that an intruder has not replaced the client.
Data Encryption: Data sent over the VPN connection can be encrypted by an MPPE algorithm. Default
is Auto, so that this setting is negotiated when establishing a connection, or else you can manually
Enable or Disable encryption.
Key Length: The data can be encrypted by MPPE algorithm with 40 bits or 128 bits. Default is Auto, it is
negotiated when establishing a connection. 128 bit keys provide stronger encryption than 40 bit keys.
Mode: You may select Stateful or Stateless mode. The key will be changed every 256 packets when you
select Stateful mode. If you select Stateless mode, the key will be changed in each packet.
Idle Time: Auto-disconnect the VPN connection when there is no activity on the connection for a
predetermined period of time. 0 means this connection is always on.
Active as default route: Commonly used by the Dial-out connection which all packets will route through
the VPN tunnel to the Internet; therefore, active the function may degrade the Internet performance.
Click Apply button to apply your changes.
Chapter 4: Configuration
74
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Example: Configuring a Remote Access PPTP VPN Dial-out Connection
A company’s office establishes a PPTP VPN connection with a file server located at a separate location.
The router is installed in the office, connected to a couple of PCs and Servers.
Dial-out
Chapter 4: Configuration
75
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring the PPTP VPN in the Office
You can either input the IP address (69.1.121.33 in this case) or hostname to reach the server.
1
2
3
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Connection Name
Dial out
Server IP Address
(or Hostname)
Username
Password
Auth.Type
Data Encryption
Key Length
Function
VPN_PPTP
69.121.1.33
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Auto
Auto
Mode
stateful
Idle Time
0
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
Given name of PPTP connection
Check Dial out
An Dialed server IP
A given username & password
Keep as default value in most of the cases,
PPTP server & client will determine the value
automatically. Refer to manual for details if
you want to change the setting.
The connection will be disconnected when there
Is no traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle
time 0 means the connection is always on.
76
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
PPTP Connection - LAN to LAN
Connection Name: User-define description of the connection.
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or Hostname)
you wish to connection to.
When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User address.
Peer Network IP: Enter Peer network IP address.
Netmask: Enter the subnet mask of peer network based on the Peer Network IP setting.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
If you are a
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by the your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the authentication type to
use, or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password
Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the
authentication type you want clients connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP,
the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows
for challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has not been replaced by an intruder.
Data Encryption: Data sent over the VPN connection can be encrypted by an MPPE algorithm. Default
is Auto, so that this setting is negotiated when establishing a connection, or else you can manually
Enable or Disable encryption.
Key Length: The data can be encrypted by MPPE algorithm with 40 bits or 128 bits. Default is Auto, it is
negotiated when establishing a connection. 128 bit keys provide stronger encryption than 40 bit keys.
Mode: You may select Stateful or Stateless mode. The key will be changed every 256 packets when you
select Stateful mode. If you select Stateless mode, the key will be changed in each packet.
Idle Time: Auto-disconnect the VPN connection when there is no activity on the connection for a
predetermined period of time. 0 means this connection is always on.
Click Apply button to apply your changes.
Chapter 4: Configuration
77
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Example: Configuring a PPTP LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection
The branch office establishes a PPTP VPN tunnel with head office to connect two private networks over
the Internet. The routers are installed in the head office and branch office accordingly.
Both office LAN networks MUST in different subnet with LAN to LAN
application.
Attention
Chapter 4: Configuration
78
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring PPTP VPN in the Head Office
The IP address 192.168.1.201 will be assigned to the router located in the branch office. Please make
sure this IP is not used in the head office LAN.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
Function
Connection Name
Dial in
Private IP Address
Assigned to
Dialing User
Peer Network IP
Netmask
Username
Password
Auth.Type
Data Encryption
Key Length
Mode
Idle Time
0
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
HeadOffice
Given a name of PPTP connection
Check Dial in
192.168.1.200
IP address assigned to branch office network
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Auto
Auto
stateful
Branch office network
Input username & password to authenticate branch
office network
Keep as default value in most of the cases, PPTP
server & client will determine the value automatically.
Refer to manual for details if you want to change the
setting.
The connection will be disconnected when there Is no
traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle time 0
means the connection is always on.
79
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring PPTP VPN in the Branch Office
The IP address 69.1.121.30 is the Public IP address of the router located in head office. If you registered
the DDNS (please refer to the DDNS section of this manual), you can also use the domain name instead
of the IP address to reach the router.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
Function
Connection Name
Dial out
Server IP Address
(or Hostname)
Peer Network IP
Netmask
Username
Password
Auth.Type
Data Encryption
Key Length
Mode
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Auto
Auto
stateful
Idle Time
0
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
BranchOffice
Given a name of PPTP connection
Check Dial out
69.121.1.33
IP address of the head office router (in WAN side)
Head office network
Input username & password to authenticate branch
office network
Keep as default value in most of the cases, PPTP
server & client will determine the value automatically.
Refer to manual for details if you want to change the
setting.
The connection will be disconnected when there Is no
traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle time 0 means
the connection is always on.
80
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
IPSec (IP Security Protocol)
Click Create to create a new IPSec VPN connection account.
After you have created the IPSec connection, account information will be displayed. (See example
above).
Enable / Disable: This function activates or deactivates the IPSec connection. To wish interrupting
the tunnel, check Disable radio button and click Apply button to deactivate the connection.
Name: This is the user-defined name of the connection.
Local Subnet: Displays IP address and subnet of the local network.
Remote Subnet: Displays IP address and subnet of the remote network.
Remote Gateway: This is the IP address or Domain Name of the remote VPN device that is connected
and established a VPN tunnel.
IPSec Proposal: This is selected IPSec security method.
Chapter 4: Configuration
81
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
IPSec VPN Connection
Connection Name: User-defined name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).
Local Network: Set the IP address, subnet or address range of the local network.
Single Address: The IP address of the local host.
Subnet: The subnet of the local network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.0 with netmask
255.255.255.0 specifies one class C subnet starting from 192.168.1.1 (i.e. 192.168.1.1 through to
192.168.1.254).
IP Range:
192.168.1.10.
The IP address range of the local network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.1, end IP:
Remote Secure Gateway Address (or Domain Name): The IP address or hostname of the remote VPN
device that is connected and establishes a VPN tunnel.
Remote Network: Set the IP address, subnet or address range of the remote network.
Proposal: Select the IPSec security method. There are two methods of checking the authentication
information, AH (authentication header) and ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload). Use ESP for greater
security so that data will be encrypted and authenticated. Using AH data will be authenticated but not
encrypted.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with in transmit. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA1) or
NONE. SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are several options, DES,
3DES, AES (128, 192 and 256) and NULL. NULL means it is a tunnel only with no encryption. 3DES and
AES are more powerful but increase latency.
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
Chapter 4: Configuration
82
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits as
encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function will provide better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128 characters.
Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and authenticated
keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be passed, each router
must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering the pre-shared key
into both sides (router or hosts).
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
Chapter 4: Configuration
83
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Advanced Option
This function is only available after completed creating an IPSec account. Click Advanced Option to
change the following settings:
IKE (Internet key Exchange) Mode: Select IKE mode to Main mode or Aggressive mode.
provides secured key generation and key management.
This IKE
IKE Proposal:
Hash Function: It is a Message Digest algorithm which coverts any length of a message into a unique
set of bits. It is widely used MD5 (Message Digest) and SHA-1 (Secure Hash Algorithm) algorithms.
SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are several options, DES,
3DES and AES (128, 192 and 256). 3DES and AES are more powerful but increase latency.
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits as
Chapter 4: Configuration
84
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
encryption method.
Diffie-Hellman Group: It is a public-key cryptography protocol that allows two parties to establish a
shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the Internet). There are three modes,
MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Local ID:
Type: Specify local ID type.
Content: Input ID’s information, like domain name www.ipsectest.com.
Remote ID:
Type: Specify Remote ID type.
Identifier: Input remote ID’s information, like domain name www.ipsectest.com.
SA Lifetime: Specify the number of minutes that a Security Association (SA) will stay active before new
encryption and authentication key will be exchanged. There are two kinds of SAs, IKE and IPSec. IKE
negotiates and establishes SA on behalf of IPSec, an IKE SA is used by IKE.
Phase 1 (IKE): To issue an initial connection request for a new VPN tunnel. The range can be
from 5 to 15,000 minutes, and the default is 480 minutes.
Phase 2 (IPSec): To negotiate and establish secure authentication. The range can be from 5 to
15,000 minutes, and the default is 60 minutes.
A short SA time increases security by forcing the two parties to update the keys. However, every
time the VPN tunnel re-negotiates, access through the tunnel will be temporarily disconnected.
Ping to Keep Alive:
PING to the IP: It is able to IP Ping the remote PC with the specified IP address and alert when the
connection fails. Once alter message is received, Router will drop this tunnel connection. Re-establish
of this connection is required. Default setting is 0.0.0.0 which disables the function.
Interval: This sets the time interval between Pings to the IP function to monitor the connection status.
Default interval setting is 10 seconds. Time interval can be set from 0 to 3600 second, 0 second
disables the function.
Ping to the IP
Interval (sec)
Ping to the IP Action
0.0.0.0
0
No
0.0.0.0
2000
No
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (A valid IP Address)
0
No
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx(A valid IP Address)
2000
Yes, activate it in every 2000
second.
Disconnection Time after no traffic: It is the NO Response time clock. When no traffic stage time is
beyond the Disconnection time set, Router will automatically halt the tunnel connection and re-establish it
base on the Reconnection Time set. 180 seconds is minimum time interval for this function.
Reconnection Time: It is the reconnecting time interval after NO TRAFFIC is initiated. 3 minutes is
minimum time interval for this function.
Select the Apply button to update the settings.
Chapter 4: Configuration
85
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Example: Configuring a IPSec LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection
Table 3: Network Configuration and Security Plan
Branch Office
Head Office
Local Network ID
192.168.0.0/24
192.168.1.0/24
Local Router IP
69.1.121.30
69.1.121.3
Remote Network ID
192.168.1.0/24
192.168.0.0/24
Remote Router IP
69.1.121.3
69.1.121.30
IKE Pre-shared Key
12345678
12345678
VPN Connection Type
Tunnel mode
Tunnel mode
Security Algorithm
ESP:MD5 with AES
ESP:MD5 with AES
Both office LAN networks MUST in different subnet with LAN to LAN application.
Functions of Pre-shared Key, VPN Connection Type and Security Algorithm
MUST BE identically set up on both sides.
Attention
Chapter 4: Configuration
86
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring IPSec VPN in the Head Office
1
2
3
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Connection Name
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
Secure Gateway Address
(or Hostname)
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
ESP
Authentication
Encryption
Prefer Forward Security
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
IPSec_HeadOffice
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
69.121.1.30
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
Given a name of IPSec connection
Check Subnet radio button
Head office network
IP address of the head office router (in
WAN side)
Check Subnet radio button
Branch office network
Check ESP radio button
MD5
3DES
None
12345678
Security plan
87
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring IPSec VPN in the Branch Office
1
2
3
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Connection Name
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
Secure Gateway Address
(or Hostname)
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
ESP
Authentication
Encryption
Prefer Forward Security
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
IPSec_Branch
Given a name of IPSec connection
Office
Check Subnet radio button
192.168.0.0
Branch office network
255.255.255.0
IP address of the head office router (in WAN
69.121.1.3
side)
Check Subnet radio button
192.168.1.0
Head office network
255.255.255.0
Check ESP radio button
MD5
3DES
Security plan
None
12345678
88
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Example: Configuring a IPSec Host-to-LAN VPN Connection
Chapter 4: Configuration
89
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring IPSec VPN in the Office
1
2
3
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Connection Name
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
Secure Gateway Address
(or Hostname)
Single Address
IP Address
ESP
Authentication
Encryption
Prefer Forward Security
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
IPSec
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
69.121.1.30
69.121.1.30
MD5
3DES
None
12345678
Given a name of IPSec connection
Check Subnet radio button
Head office network
IP address of the head office router (in WAN
side)
Check Single Address radio button
Remote worker’s IP address
Check ESP radio button
Security plan
90
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
L2TP (Layer Two Tunneling Protocol)
Two types of L2TP VPN are supported Remote Access and LAN-to-LAN (please refer below for more
information.). Click Create to create a new VPN connection account.
After you have created L2TP connection, account status will be displayed. (See example above).
Enable / Disable: This function activates or deactivates the L2TP connection. To wish interrupting
the tunnel, check Disable radio button and click Apply button to deactivate the connection.
Name: This is the user-defined name of the connection.
Type: This refers to your router operates as a client or a server, Dialout or Dialin in respectively.
Status: It informs your L2TP tunnel connection condition.
Chapter 4: Configuration
91
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
L2TP Connection - Remote Access
L2TP VPN Connection
Connection Name: User-defined name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or
Hostname)
you wish to connection to.
When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User address.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
If you are a
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
If you are a
PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the authentication type to
use, or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password
Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the
authentication type you want clients connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP,
the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows
for challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has not been replaced by an intruder.
Idle Time: Auto-disconnect the VPN connection when there is no activity on the connection for a
pre-determined period of time. 0 means this connection is always on.
Active as default route: Commonly used by the Dial-out connection which all packets will route through
the VPN tunnel to the Internet; therefore, active the function may degrade the Internet performance.
Chapter 4: Configuration
92
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Click Apply after changing settings.
L2TP over IPSec (L2TP/IPSec) VPN Connection
IPSec: Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with in transmit. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA1) or
NONE. SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are four options, DES, 3DES,
AES and NONE. NONE means it is a tunnel only with no encryption. 3DES and AES are more powerful
but increase latency.
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, it uses 128 bits as an encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function will provide better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128 characters.
Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and authenticated
keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be passed, each router
must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering the pre-shared key
into both sides (router or hosts).
Remote Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of remote VPN device. It is a tunnel identifier from the
Remote VPN device matches with the Remote hostname provided. If remote hostname matches, tunnel
will be connected; otherwise, it will be dropped.
Cautious: This is only when the router performs as a VPN server.
advanced users only.
This option should be used by
Local Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of Local VPN device that is connected / establishes a
VPN tunnel. As default, Router’s default Hostname is home.gateway.
Tunnel Authentication: This enables router to authenticate both the L2TP remote and L2TP host.
is only valid when L2TP remote supports this feature.
This
Secret: The secure password length should be 16 characters which may include numbers and
characters.
Click Apply after changing settings.
Chapter 4: Configuration
93
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Example: Configuring a L2TP VPN - Remote Access Dial-in Connection
A remote worker establishes a L2TP VPN connection with the head office using Microsoft's VPN Adapter
(included with Windows XP/2000/ME, etc.). The router is installed in the head office, connected to a
couple of PCs and Servers.
Dial-in
Chapter 4: Configuration
94
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring L2TP VPN in the Office
The input IP address 192.168.1.200 will be assigned to the remote worker. Please make sure this IP is
not used in the Office LAN.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Item
Function
4
Connection Name
Dial in
Private IP Address
Assigned to Dialing
User
Username
Password
Auth.Type
5
Idle Timeout
6
IPSec
Authentication
Encryption
Perfect Forward
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key
1
2
3
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
VPN_L2TP
Given a name of L2TP connection
Check Dial in
192.168.1.200
An assigned IP address for the remote worker
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Input username & password to authenticate
remote worker
0
Keep as default value in most of the cases.
The connection will be disconnected when there
Is no traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle
time 0 means the connection is always on.
Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
MD5
3DES
None
Both sites should use the same value.
12345678
95
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Example: Configuring a Remote Access L2TP VPN Dial-out Connection
A company’s office establishes a L2TP VPN connection with a file server located at a separate location.
The router is installed in the office, connected to a couple of PCs and Servers.
Dial-out
Chapter 4: Configuration
96
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Configuring the L2TP VPN in the Office
1
2
3
4
5
6
Item
1
4
Function
Connection Name
VPN_L2TP
Dial out
Server IP Address (or
69.121.1.33
Hostname)
Username
username
Password
123456
Auth.Type
Chap(Auto)
5
Idle Timeout
6
IPSec
Authentication
Encryption
Perfect Forward
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key
2
3
Chapter 4: Configuration
0
Description
Given name of L2TP connection
Check Dial out
An Dialed server IP
A given username & password
Keep as default value in most of the cases.
The connection will be disconnected when there
Is no traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle
time 0 means the connection is always on.
Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
MD5
3DES
None
Both sites should use the same value.
12345678
97
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
Example: Configuring your Router to Dial-in to the Server
Currently, Microsoft Windows operation system does not support L2TP incoming service.
Additional software may be required to set up your L2TP incoming service.
Chapter 4: Configuration
98
SHDSL VPN Firewall Bridge/Router
L2TP Connection - LAN to LAN
L2TP VPN Connection
Connection Name: User-define description of the connection.
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
When configuring your router establish the connection to a remote LAN, enter the remote
Server IP Address (or Hostname) you wish to connection to.
When configuring your router as a server to accept incoming connections, enter the Private
IP Address Assigned to Dial in User address.
Peer Network IP: Enter Peer network IP address.
Netmask: Enter the subnet mask of peer network based on the Peer Network IP setting.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
If you are a
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by the your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the authentication type to
use, or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password
Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the
authentication type you want clients connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP,
the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows
for challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has not been replaced by an intruder.
Idle Time: Auto-disconnect the VPN connection when there is no activity on the connection for a
predetermined period of time. 0 means this connection is always on.
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Click Apply after changing settings.
L2TP over IPSec (L2TP/IPSec) VPN Connection
IPSec: Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with in transmit. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA1) or
NONE. SHA-1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are four options, DES, 3DES,
AES and NONE. NONE means it is a tunnel only with no encryption. 3DES and AES are more powerful
but increase latency.
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, it uses 128 bits as an encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function will provide better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128 characters.
Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and authenticated
keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be passed, each router
must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering the pre-shared key
into both sides (router or hosts).
Remote Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of remote VPN device. It is a tunnel identifier from the
Remote VPN device matches with the Remote hostname provided. If remote hostname matches, tunnel
will be connected; otherwise, it will be dropped.
Cautious: This is only when the router performs as a VPN server.
advanced users only.
This option should be used by
Local Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of Local VPN device that is connected / establishes a
VPN tunnel. As default, Router’s default Hostname is home.gateway.
Tunnel Authentication: This enables router to authenticate both the L2TP remote and L2TP host.
is only valid when L2TP remote supports this feature.
This
Secret: The secure password length should be 16 characters which may include numbers and
characters.
Click Apply after changing settings.
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Example: Configuring L2TP LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection
The branch office establishes a L2TP VPN tunnel with head office to connect two private networks over
the Internet. The routers are installed in the head office and branch office accordingly.
Both office LAN networks MUST in different subnet with LAN to LAN application.
Functions of Pre-shared Key, VPN Connection Type and Security Algorithm
MUST BE identically set up on both sides.
Attention
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Configuring L2TP VPN in the Head Office
The IP address 192.168.1.200 will be assigned to the router located in the branch office. Please make
sure this IP is not used in the head office LAN.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Item
Function
5
Connection Name
Dial in
Private IP Address
Assigned to Dialing
User
Peer Network IP
Netmask
Username
Password
Auth.Type
6
Idle Timeout
7
IPSec
Authentication
Encryption
Perfect Forward
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key
1
2
3
4
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Description
HeadOffice
Given a name of L2TP connection
Check Dial in
192.168.1.200
IP address assigned to branch office network
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Branch office network
0
Input username & password to authenticate branch
office network
Keep as default value in most of the cases.
The connection will be disconnected when there Is no
traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle time 0
means the connection is always on.
Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
MD5
3DES
None
Both sites should use the same value.
12345678
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Configuring L2TP VPN in the Branch Office
The IP address 69.1.121.30 is the Public IP address of the router located in head office. If you registered
the DDNS (please refer to the DDNS section of this manual), you can also use the domain name instead
of the IP address to reach the router.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Item
Function
Description
BranchOffice
Given a name of L2TP connection
Check Dial out
69.121.1.33
IP address of the head office router (in WAN side)
5
Connection Name
Dial out
Server IP Address (or
Hostname)
Peer Network IP
Netmask
Username
Password
Auth.Type
6
Idle Timeout
0
7
IPSec
Authentication
Encryption
Perfect Forward Secrecy
Pre-shared Key
Keep as default value in most of the cases.
The connection will be disconnected when there Is
no traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle time
0 means the connection is always on.
Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
MD5
3DES
None
12345678
Both sites should use the same value.
1
2
3
4
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192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Head office network
Input username & password to authenticate
branch office network
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QoS (Quality of Service)
QoS function helps you to control your network traffic for each application from LAN (Ethernet and/or
Wireless) to WAN (Internet). It facilitates you to control the different quality and speed of through put for
each application when the system is running with full loading of upstream.
Here are items within the QoS section: Prioritization and Outbound / Inbound IP Throttling (bandwidth
management).
Prioritization
There are three priority settings to be provided in the Router:
High
Normal (The default is normal priority for all of traffic without setting)
Low
And the balances of utilization for each priority are High (60%), Normal (30%) and Low (10%).
You can click Clear to delete the existing Application.
Click Clear
Application: A user-define description to identify this new policy/application.
Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy.
Priority: The priority given to each policy/application. Its default setting is set to High; you may adjust this
setting to fit your policy/application.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
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Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
DSCP Marking: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the ToS byte. DSCP
Marking allows users to assign specific application traffic to be executed in priority by the next Router
based on the DSCP value. See Table 4. The DSCP Mapping Table:
Note: To be sure the router(s) in the backbones network have the capability in executing and checking the DSCP
through-out the QoS network.
Table 4: DSCP Mapping Table
DSCP Mapping Table
SHDSL Router Device
Standard DSCP
Disabled
None
Best Effort
Best Effort (000000)
Premium
Express Forwarding (101110)
Gold service (L)
Class 1, Gold (001010)
Gold service (M)
Class 1, Silver (001100)
Gold service (H)
Class 1, Bronze (001110)
Silver service (L)
Class 2, Gold (010010)
Silver service (M)
Class 2, Silver (010100)
Silver service (H)
Class 2, Bronze (010110)
Bronze service (L)
Class 3, Gold (011010)
Bronze service (M)
Class 3, Silver (011100)
Bronze service (H)
Class 3, Bronze (011110)
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Outbound IP Throttling (LAN to WAN)
IP Throttling allows you to limit the speed of IP traffic. The value entered will limit the speed of the
application that you set to the specified value’s multiple of 32kbps.
Click Clear You can click Clear to delete the existing Application.
Application: A user-define description to identify this new policy/application.
Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy. Refer to Time Schedule for more information.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Outbound Rate Limit: To limit the speed of outbound traffic
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Inbound IP Throttling (WAN to LAN)
IP Throttling allows you to limit the speed of IP traffic. The value entered will limit the speed of the
application that you set to the specified value’s multiple of 32kbps.
Click Clear
You can click Clear to delete the existing Application.
Application: A user-define description to identify this new policy/application.
Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy.
Refer to Time Schedule for more information.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Inbound Rate Limit: To limit the speed of for inbound traffic.
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Example: QoS for your Network
Connection Diagram
VoIP
Normal PCs
Restricted PC
Information and Settings
Upstream: 928 kbps
Downstream: 8 Mbps
VoIP User
: 192.168.1.1
Normal Users
: 192.168.1.2~192.168.1.5
Restricted User: 192.168.1.100
Throughput
500
400
300
VoIP/VPN
HIGH
200
Others
NORMAL
100
Restricted
LOW
kbps
0
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HIGH
Others
NORMAL
Restricted
LOW
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Mission-critical application
Mostly the VPN connection is mission-critical application for doing data exchange between head and
branch office.
The mission-critical application must be sent out smoothly without any dropping. Set priority as high level
for preventing any other applications to saturate the bandwidth.
Voice application
Voice is latency-sensitive application. Most VoIP devices are use SIP protocol and the port number will be
assigned by SIP module automatically. Better to use fixed IP address for catching VoIP packets as high
priority.
Above settings will help to improve quality of your VoIP service when traffic is full loading.
Restricted Application
Some of companies will setup FTP server for customer downloading or home user sharing their files by
using FTP.
With above settings that help to limit utilization of upstream of FTP. Time schedule also help you to only
limit utilization at daytime.
Advanced setting by using IP throttling
With IP throttling you can specify more detail for allocating bandwidth; even the applications are located in
the same level.
Upstream: 928kbps (29*32kbps)
Mission-critical Application: 192kbps (6*32kbps)
Voice Application: 128kbps (4*32kbps)
Restricted Application: 160kbps (5*32kbps)
Other Applications: 448kbps (14*32kbps)
6+4+14+5=29, 29*32kbps=928kbps
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Sometime your customers or friends may upload their files to your FTP server and that will saturate your
downstream bandwidth. The settings below help you to limit bandwidth for the restricted application.
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Virtual Server (“Port Forwarding”)
In TCP/IP and UDP networks a port is a 16-bit number used to identify which application program (usually
a server) incoming connections should be delivered to. Some ports have numbers that are pre-assigned
to them by the IANA (the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), and these are referred to as “well-known
ports”. Servers follow the well-known port assignments so clients can locate them.
If you wish to run a server on your network that can be accessed from the WAN (i.e. from other machines
on the Internet that are outside your local network), or any application that can accept incoming
connections (e.g. Peer-to-peer/P2P software such as instant messaging applications and P2P file-sharing
applications) and are using NAT (Network Address Translation), then you will usually need to configure
your router to forward these incoming connection attempts using specific ports to the PC on your network
running the application. You will also need to use port forwarding if you want to host an online game
server.
The reason for this is that when using NAT, your publicly accessible IP address will be used by and point
to your router, which then needs to deliver all traffic to the private IP addresses used by your PCs. Please
see the WAN configuration section of this manual for more information on NAT.
The device can be configured as a virtual server so that remote users accessing services such as Web or
FTP services via the public (WAN) IP address can be automatically redirected to local servers in the LAN
network. Depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the device redirects the external
service request to the appropriate server within the LAN network
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Add Virtual Server
Because NAT can act as a “natural” Internet firewall, your router protects your network from being
accessed by outside users when using NAT, as all incoming connection attempts will point to your router
unless you specifically create Virtual Server entries to forward those ports to a PC on your network.
When your router needs to allow outside users to access internal servers, e.g. a web server, FTP server,
Email server or game server, the router can act as a “virtual server”. You can set up a local server with a
specific port number for the service to use, e.g. web/HTTP (port 80), FTP (port 21), Telnet (port 23),
SMTP (port 25), or POP3 (port 110), When an incoming access request to the router for a specified port is
received, it will be forwarded to the corresponding internal server.
Time Schedule: A self-defined time period to enable your virtual server. You may specify a time
schedule or Always on for the usage of this Virtual Server Entry. For setup and detail, refer to Time
Schedule section
Application: Users-define description to identify this entry or click
predefined rules.
to select existing
: 20 predefined rules are available. Click the Radio button to select the rule; Application,
Protocol and External/Redirect Ports will be filled after the selection.
Protocol: It is the supported protocol for the virtual server. In addition to specifying the port number to be
used, you will also need to specify the protocol used. The protocol used is determined by the particular
application. Most applications will use TCP or UDP.
External Port: The Port number on the Remote/WAN side used when accessing the virtual server.
Redirect Port: The Port number used by the Local server in the LAN network.
Internal IP Address: The private IP in the LAN network, which will be providing the virtual server
List all existing PCs connecting to the network. You may assign a PC with
application.
IP address and MAC from this list.
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Example:
If you like to remote accessing your Router through the Web/HTTP at all time, you would need to enable
port number 80 (Web/HTTP) and map to Router’s IP Address. Then all incoming HTTP requests from
you (Remote side) will be forwarded to the Router with IP address of 192.168.1.254. Since port number
80 has already been predefined, next to the Application click Helper. A list of predefined rules window
will pop and select HTTP_Sever.
Application: HTTP_Sever
Time Schedule: Always On
Protocol: tcp
External Port: 80-80
Redirect Port: 80-80
IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Edit: Click it to edit this virtual server application.
Delete: Click it to delete this virtual server application.
Using port forwarding does have security implications, as outside users will be
able to connect to PCs on your network. For this reason you are advised to use
specific Virtual Server entries just for the ports your application requires,
instead of using DMZ. As doing so will result in all connections from the WAN
attempt to access to your public IP of the DMZ PC specified.
If you have disabled the NAT option in the WAN-ISP section, the Virtual Server
function will hence be invalid.
Attention
If the DHCP server option is enabled, you have to be very careful in assigning
the IP addresses of the virtual servers in order to avoid conflicts. The easiest
way of configuring Virtual Servers is to manually assign static IP address to
each virtual server PC, with an address that does not fall into the range of IP
addresses that are to be issued by the DHCP server. You can configure the
virtual server IP address manually, but it must still be in the same subnet as the
router.
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Edit DMZ Host
The DMZ Host is a local computer exposed to the Internet. When setting a particular internal IP address
as the DMZ Host, all incoming packets will be checked by the Firewall and NAT algorithms then passed to
the DMZ host, when a packet received does not use a port number used by any other Virtual Server
entries.
Cautious: This Local computer exposing to the Internet may face varies of security risks.
Disabled: As set in default setting, it disables the DMZ function.
Enabled: It activates your DMZ function.
Internal IP Address: Give a static IP address to the DMZ Host when Enabled radio button is checked.
Be aware that this IP will be exposed to the WAN/Internet.
List all the connecting PCs on the network. You may assign specific PC with its IP
address and MAC from the list.
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
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Edit One-to-One NAT (Network Address Translation)
One-to-One NAT maps a specific private/local IP address to a global/public IP address.
If you have multiple public/WAN IP addresses from you ISP, you are eligible for One-to-One NAT to utilize
these IP addresses.
NAT Type:
Select desired NAT type. As set in default setting, it disables the One-to-One NAT function.
Global IP Address:
Subnet: The subnet of the public/WAN IP address given by your ISP. If your ISP has provided
this information, you may insert it here. Otherwise, use IP Range method.
IP Range: The IP address range of your public/WAN IP addresses. For example, IP:
192.168.1.1, end IP: 192.168.1.10
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
Check
to create a new One-to-One NAT rule:
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Time Schedule: A self-defined time period to enable your virtual server. You may specify a time
schedule or Always on for the usage of this Virtual Server Entry. For setup and detail, refer to Time
Schedule section
Application: Users-defined description to identify this entry or click
predefined rules.
to select existing
: 20 predefined rules are available. Click the Radio button to select the rule; Application,
Protocol and External/Redirect Ports will be filled after the selection.
Protocol: It is the supported protocol for the virtual server. In addition to specifying the port number to be
used, you will also need to specify the protocol used. The protocol used is determined by the particular
application. Most applications will use TCP or UDP;
Global IP: Define a public/ WAN IP address for this Application to use.
be defined in the Global IP Address.
This Global IP address must
External Port: The Port number on the Remote/WAN side used when accessing the virtual server.
Redirect Port: The Port number used by the Local server in the LAN network.
Internal IP Address: The private IP in the LAN network, which will be providing the virtual server
List all the connecting PCs on the network. You may assign specific PC
application.
with its IP address and MAC from the list.
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
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Example: List of some well-known and registered port numbers.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the assignment of unique
parameter values for Internet protocols. Port numbers range from 0 to 65535, but only ports numbers 0 to
1023 are reserved for privileged services and are designated as “well-known ports” (Please refer to Table
5).
The registered ports are numbered from 1024 through 49151. The remaining ports, referred to as
dynamic or private ports, are numbered from 49152 through 65535.
For further information, please see IANA’s website at: http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers
For help on determining which private port numbers are used by common applications on this list, please
see the FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) at: http://www.billion.com
Table 5: Well-known and registered Ports
Port Number
20
21
22
23
25
53
69
80
110
119
123
161
443
1503
1720
4000
7070
Protocol
Description
TCP
TCP
TCP & UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP & UDP
UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP
UDP
TCP
TCP & UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP
UDP
FTP Data
FTP Control
SSH Remote Login Protocol
Telnet
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
DNS (Domain Name Server)
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
World Wide Web HTTP
POP3 (Post Office Protocol Version 3)
NEWS (Network News Transfer Protocol)
NTP (Network Time Protocol)
SNMP
HTTPS
T.120
H.323
ICQ
RealAudio
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Time Schedule
The Time Schedule supports up to 16 time slots which helps you to manage your Internet connection. In
each time profile, you may schedule specific day(s) i.e. Monday through Sunday to restrict or allowing the
usage of the Internet by users or applications.
This Time Schedule correlates closely with router’s time, since router does not have a real time clock on
board; it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server
from the Internet. Refer to Time Zone for details. You router time should correspond with your local time.
If the time is not set correctly, your Time Schedule will not function properly.
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Configuration of Time Schedule
Edit a Time Slot
1. Choose any Time Slot (ID 1 to ID 16) to edit, click Edit.
Click Edit
Note: Watch it carefully, the days you have selected will present in capital letter. Lower case letter shows the
day(s) is not selected, and no rule will apply on this day(s).
2. A detailed setting of this Time Slot will be shown.
ID:
This is the index of the time slot.
Name: A user-define description to identify this time portfolio.
Day: The default is set from Monday through Friday.
applied.
Start Time: The default is set at 8:00 AM.
You may specify the days for the schedule to be
You may specify the start time of the schedule.
End Time: The default is set at 18:00 (6:00PM).
You may specify the end time of the schedule.
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
Delete a Time Slot
Click Clear to delete the existing Time profile, i.e. erase the Day and back to default setting of Start Time /
End Time.
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Advanced
Configuration options within the Advanced section are for users who wish to take advantage of the more
advanced features of the router. Users who do not understand the features should not attempt to
reconfigure their router, unless advised to do so by support staff.
Here are items within the Advanced section: Static Route, Dynamic DNS, Check Email, Device
Management, IGMP and VLAN Bridge.
Static Route
Click on Routing Table and then choose Create Route add a routing table.
Destination: This is the destination subnet IP address.
Netmask: Subnet mask of the destination IP addresses based on above destination subnet IP.
Gateway: This is the gateway IP address to which packets are to be forwarded.
Interface: Select the interface through which packets are to be forwarded.
Cost: This is the same meaning as Hop. This should usually be left at 1.
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Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS function allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname, allowing users
whose ISP does not assign them a static IP address to use a domain name. This is especially useful for
hosting servers via your SHDSL connection, so that anyone wishing to connect to you may use your
domain name, rather than having to use your dynamic IP address, which changes from time to time. This
dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address of the router, which is assigned to you by your ISP.
You will first need to register and establish an account with the Dynamic DNS provider using their website,
for example http://www.dyndns.org/
There are more than 5 DDNS services supported.
Disable: Check to disable the Dynamic DNS function.
Enable: Check to enable the Dynamic DNS function. The following fields will be activated and
required:
Dynamic DNS Server: Select the DDNS service you have established an account with.
Domain Name, Username and Password: Enter your registered domain name and your username and
password for this service.
Period: Set the time period between updates, for the Router to exchange information with the DDNS
server. In addition to updating periodically as per your settings, the router will perform an update when
your dynamic IP address changes.
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Check Email
This function allows you to have the router check your POP3 mailbox for new Email messages. The Mail
LED on your router will light when it detects new messages waiting for download. You may also view the
status of this function using the Status – Email Checking section of the web interface, which also provides
details on the number of new messages waiting. See the Status section of this manual for more
information.
Disable: Check to disable the router’s Email checking function.
Enable: Check to enable the routers Email checking function. The following fields will be
activated and required:
Account Name: Enter the name (login) of the POP3 account you wish to check.. Normally, it is the text in
your email address before the "@" symbol. If you have trouble with it, please contact your ISP.
Password: Enter the account’s password.
POP3 Mail Server: Enter your (POP) mail server name. You Internet Service Provider (ISP) or network
administrator will be able to supply you with this.
Period: Enter the value in minutes between periodic mail checks.
Automatically dial-out for checking emails: When the function is enabled, your router will connect to
your ISP automatically to check emails if your Internet connection dropped. Please be careful when using
this feature if your SHDSL service is charged by time online.
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Device Management
The Device Management advanced configuration settings allow you to control your router’s security
options and device monitoring features.
Embedded Web Server ( 2 Management IP accounts)
HTTP Port: This is the port number the router’s embedded web server (for web-based configuration) will
use. The default value is the standard HTTP port, 80. Users may specify an alternative if, for example,
they are running a web server on a PC within their LAN.
Management IP Address: You may specify an IP address allowed to logon and access the router’s web
server. Setting the IP address to 0.0.0.0 will disable IP address restrictions, allowing users to login from
any IP address.
Expire to auto-logout: Specify a time frame for the system to auto-logout the user’s configuration
session.
For Example: User A changes HTTP port number to 100, specifies their own IP address of 192.168.1.55,
and sets the logout time to be 100 seconds. The router will only allow User A access from the IP
address 192.168.1.55 to logon to the Web GUI by typing: http://192.168.1.254:100 in their web browser.
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After 100 seconds, the device will automatically logout User A.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along with control and
data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users running NAT routers through
UPnP NAT Traversal, and on supported systems makes tasks such as port forwarding much easier by
letting the application control the required settings, removing the need for the user to control advanced
configuration of their device.
Both the user’s Operating System and the relevant application must support UPnP in addition to the
router. Windows XP and Windows Me natively support UPnP (when the component is installed), and
Windows 98 users may install the Internet Connection Sharing client from Windows XP in order to
support UPnP. Windows 2000 does not support UPnP.
Disable: Check to disable the router’s UPnP functionality.
Enable: Check to enable the router’s UPnP functionality.
UPnP Port: Its default setting is 2800. It is highly recommended for users to use this port value. If this
value conflicts with other ports already being used you may wish to change the port.
SNMP Access Control (Software on a PC within the LAN is required in order to utilize this function) –
Simple Network Management Protocol.
SNMP V1 and V2:
Read Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Read Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, user obtains this IP address will be able to view the data.
Write Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Write Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, users from this IP address will be able to view and modify the data.
Trap Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Trap Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, users from this IP address will be sent SNMP Traps.
SNMP V3:
Specify a name and password for authentication. And define the access right from identified IP address.
Once the authentication has succeeded, users from this IP address will be able to view and modify the
data.
SNMP Version: SNMPv2c and SNMPv3
SNMPv2c is the combination of the enhanced protocol features of SNMPv2 without the SNMPv2 security.
The "c" comes from the fact that SNMPv2c uses the SNMPv1 community string paradigm for "security",
but is widely accepted as the SNMPv2 standard.
SNMPv3 is a strong authentication mechanism, authorization with fine granularity for remote monitoring.
Traps supported: Cold Start, Authentication Failure.
The following MIBs are supported:
From RFC 1213 (MIB-II):
System group
Interfaces group
Address Translation group
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IP group
ICMP group
TCP group
UDP group
EGP (not applicable)
Transmission
SNMP group
From RFC1650 (EtherLike-MIB):
dot3Stats
From RFC 1493 (Bridge MIB):
dot1dBase group
dot1dTp group
dot1dStp group (if configured as spanning tree)
From RFC 1471 (PPP/LCP MIB):
pppLink group
pppLqr group (not applicable)
From RFC 1472 (PPP/Security MIB):
PPP Security Group)
From RFC 1473 (PPP/IP MIB):
PPP IP Group
From RFC 1474 (PPP/Bridge MIB):
PPP Bridge Group
From RFC1573 (IfMIB):
ifMIBObjects Group
From RFC1695 (atmMIB):
atmMIBObjects
From RFC 1907 (SNMPv2):
only snmpSetSerialNo OID
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IGMP
IGMP, known as Internet Group Management Protocol, is used to management hosts from multicast
group.
IGMP Forwarding: Accepting multicast packet.
Default is set to Enable.
IGMP Snooping: Allowing switched Ethernet to check and make correct forwarding decisions. Default
is set to Disable.
VLAN Bridge
This section allows you to create VLAN group and specify the member.
Edit: Edit your member ports in selected VLAN group.
Create VLAN: To create another VLAN group.
Advanced VLAN Setup Example (Triply Play)
VLAN_data:
Ethernet Port 1, Wireless and Wireless_WDS are reserving for Internet
- On Ethernet port 1 I also need VC 0/40 bridged.
VLAN_Vedio
Ethernet ports: 2, 3 and 4:
- 0/33 Bi-directional IP
- 0/34 Video
- 0/35 Video
- 0/36 Video Subscriber Services (EPG, EAS, etc.)
- 0/37 Video
- 0/38 Video
- 0/39 Spare
Step 1: Setup Member Ports
Go to Configuration
LAN
Bridge Interface.
You can setup member ports for each VLAN group under Bridge Interface section. From the example, two
VLAN groups need to be created.
Ethernet: P1 (Port 1)
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Ethernet1: P2, P3 and P4 (Port 2, 3, 4) Please uncheck P2, P3, P4 from Ethernet VLAN Port first.
Note: You should setup each VLAN group with caution. Each Bridge Interface is arranged in this order.
Bridge Interface
Ethernet
Ethernet1
Ethernet2
Ethernet3
VLAN Port (Always starts with)
P1 / P2 / P3 / P4
P2 / P3 / P4
P3 / P4
P4
Step 2: Create WAN Interface
Go to Configuration
WAN
ISP
wanlink is the factory default WAN interface which in service for data/internet access. If your ISP uses
this access protocol, click Edit to input other parameters if needed. If your ISP does not use PPPoE,
you can change the default WAN connection entry by clicking Change.
From the example, 0/40 is used for data/internet and assumes PPPoE is used; click the Edit to change
the VPI/VCI to 0/40.
Click Create to setup up additional WAN interface for video applications. Total of 8 VLAN is support;
therefore, only 8 WAN interfaces can be created in the table.
From the example, PVC 0/33 to 0/39 is assigned for video using 1483 Bridged mode.
Bridged and click Next to continue the setup.
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Check RFC 1483
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Spaces next to VPI and VCI, type 0 and 33 in respectively. Select appropriate ATM Class, Encapsulation
Method, Acceptable Frame Type, Filter Type and PVID for Untagged Frames.
VPI and VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format, this is provided by your ISP.
Acceptable Frame Type: Specify what kind of traffic can through this connection, all traffic or only VLAN
tagged.
Filter Type: Specify the type of ethernet filtering performed by the named bridge interface.
All
Ip
Pppoe
Allows all types of ethernet packets through the port.
Allows only IP/ARP types of ethernet packets through the port.
Allows only PPPoE types of ethernet packets through the port.
PVID for Untagged Frames: PVID is known as Port VLAN Identifier.
received by input port(s), this packet will be tagged with specified PVID.
When an untagged packet is
From the example, VPI and VCI only section need to be filled-in and just leave the rest as is. Repeat the
same procedure by clicking Create
select RFC1483 Bridged
fill-in the rest of PVC 0/34 to 0/39.
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Step 3: Setup VLAN Service
Go to Configuration
Advanced
DefaultVlan lists all member ports.
VLAN Bridge
It is necessary to group specific member ports for each VLAN.
From the example, two VLAN groups are requested: Data and Video.
To create another VLAN group for Video by clicking Create VLAN.
Given a name and ID (PVID) to identify the Video group and the valid value range for PVID is 1 ~ 4094.
From the example:
VLAN untagged ports for Data/Internet: ethernet, wireless and wireless_wds.
VLAN untagged ports for Video: ethernet1, rfc-1483-0 ~ rfc-1483-6.
Click Apply to made change effective immediately.
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Mapping the VLAN Bridge with Bridge Interface created in Step1, you will see the conformable
relationship in these two screenshots.
Step 4: IGMP Snooping Enable
Go Configuration
Advanced
IGMP.
IGMP Snooping must be enabled in order to allow video stream forwarding correctly.
Save Configuration to Flash
After changing the router’s configuration settings, you must save all of the configuration parameters to
FLASH to avoid them being lost after turning off or resetting your router. Click Save to write your new
configuration to FLASH.
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Logout
To exit the router’s web interface, choose Logout.
settings before you logout.
Please ensure that you have saved the configuration
Be aware that the router is restricted to only one PC accessing the configuration web pages at a time.
Once a PC has logged into the web interface, other PCs cannot get access until the current PC has
logged out of the web interface. If the previous PC forgets to logout, the second PC can access the
page after a user-defined period, by default 3 minutes. You can modify this value using the Advanced –
Device Management section of the web interface. Please see the Advanced section of this manual for
more information.
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Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
If the router is not functioning properly, first check this chapter for simple troubleshooting before
contacting your service provider or Billion support.
Problems starting up the router
Problem
Corrective Action
None of the LEDs are Check the connection between the adapter and the router. If the error
on when you turn on persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this case you should
the router.
contact technical support.
You have forgotten Try the default login and password, refer to Chapter 3. If this fails, you can
your
router
login restore your router to its factory settings by holding the Reset button on the
and/or password.
back of your router more than 6 seconds.
Problems with the WAN Interface
Problem
Corrective Action
Initialization of the Ensure that the telephone cable is connected properly from the SHDSL
PVC
connection port to the wall jack. The SHDSL LED on the front panel of the router
should be on. Check that your VPI, VCI, encapsulation type and type of
(“linesync”) failed.
multiplexing settings are the same as those provided by your ISP. Reboot
the router. If you still have problems, you may need to verify these settings
with your ISP.
Problems with the LAN Interface
Problem
Corrective Action
Can’t ping any PCs on Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel. The LED should be on for a
the LAN.
port that has a PC connected. If it is off, check the cables between your
router and the PC. Make sure you have uninstalled any software firewall for
troubleshooting.
Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are consistent between the
router and the workstations.
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APPENDIX A: Product Support and Contact Information
Most problems can be solved by referring to the Troubleshooting section in the User’s Manual. If you
cannot resolve the problem with the Troubleshooting chapter, please contact the dealer where you
purchased this product.
Contact Billion
AUSTRALIA
http://www.billion.com.au/
©2006 Billion Electric Co., Ltd. PC Range P/L. All Rights Reserved.
WORLDWIDE
http://www.billion.com/
Mac OS is a registered Trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows Me and Windows XP are registered Trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Appendix A: Product Support and Contact Information
133
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