LiveCycle ES Glossary
LiveCycle ES Glossary
This glossary contains terminology definitions that are specific to documentation for Adobe® LiveCycle® ES
(Enterprise Suite). These terms may have different meanings in other contexts but have restricted
meanings in this documentation.
A
accessible form
A form that users with disabilities or vision impairment can view and fill using screen readers and other
assistive technologies. See also tagged Adobe PDF form.
Acrobat form
An Adobe PDF document, created in Adobe Acrobat® Professional or Acrobat Standard, that contains one
or more form fields. The PDF document may also contain other content. See also PDF form and XML form.
ActionScript
A scripting language based on ECMAScript, a standardized language for scripting. It is used in Adobe
Flash® authoring, Adobe Flex™, and LiveCycle ES for run-time manipulation of data and content.
ActionScript is executed by the ActionScript Virtual Machine (AVM), which is built into Adobe Flash Player.
Features include asynchronous functionality, callbacks, and send/receive XML.
activity
A generic term for work performed within a process, either by a person or a system. In Adobe
LiveCycle Workbench ES, an activity is represented by a rounded-corner rectangle.
Adobe certified document
A document that is signed with a specific Adobe root certificate. An Adobe certified document provides a
strong guarantee as to the authenticity and immutability of the document. See also certificate.
AMF
Action Message Format. A binary message format used to efficiently serialize ActionScript objects. Similar
to the data portion of RTMP, the AMF binary content is delivered in the body of an HTTP (or SSL-wrapped
HTTPS) POST message.
application
A set of generally interdependent files that make up a self-contained application that LiveCycle ES can run.
Applications may include files such as form designs, JavaServer Pages, HTML pages, SWF files, servlets, and
images.
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LiveCycle ES Glossary
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Assembler
A Java™ class, used with the Adobe LiveCycle Data Services ES Data Management Service, that contains
methods that accept data changes passed from a data adapter. An Assembler class allows Java objects on
the server to be synchronized with ActionScript objects in the Flex client application.
Note: The Assembler Java class differs from the Assembler service.
B
binding
(Flex) The process of tying the data in one object to another. It provides a convenient way to pass data in
an application. The <mx:Binding> MXML tag is used to tie the data in one object to another with source
and destination properties.
(LiveCycle Designer ES) The process of binding objects on a form design to data sources and schemas.
branch
Contains a set of activities that a process executes either serially or in parallel.
C
certificate
An electronic file that establishes your identity, by binding your identity to your public key, when doing
business or other transactions on the web. A certificate (or sometimes called a digital certificate) is issued
by a certificate authority (CA). See also Adobe certified document and credential.
client
The requesting program in a client/server relationship. A web browser, a Flex RIA client application, and
Adobe Reader® are examples of client applications.
component
An independent unit of production that plugs into the service container for purposes of deploying,
orchestrating, and executing services.
From a physical perspective, a component is similar to a Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) module
in that it represents the underlying resources, metadata, and binary implementations of one or more
services packaged together as a Java archive file. A component must be installed prior to the deployment
of any services that depend on it.
A component is the packaged set of concrete implementations (classes), resources, and metadata that are
installed into the registry for supporting the deployment and execution of one or more services.
confidentiality settings
Settings that determine the type of access a user has to a PDF document, including the ability to print,
copy, make changes, add signatures and comments, and view offline. Confidentiality settings that
administrators can set also include the ability to revoke document access rights and switch policies.
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consumer
The Flex client component that you use to receive messages from LiveCycle Data Services ES Message
Service destinations. See also producer.
credential
The file that contains a private key. (The corresponding public key is contained in a certificate.) A private
key is what one principal presents to another and is used to establish identity in decryption and signing
operations. A credential is issued by an authentication agent or a certification authority, and could be a
digital certificate, a name and password combination, or biometrics, such as fingerprints. See also
certificate.
D
destination
The logical representation in LiveCycle Data Services ES of a server-side object that you call from a Flex
client application. Examples of destination types include Proxy Service, Message Service, and Data
Management Service destinations.
document package
A final form document (rendered in any format), which is made up of multiple form designs (XDP), such as
a welcome package that contains a welcome letter followed by insurance details and terms. Although
more than one form design may make up the document, it is one output (either a PostScript® file or a PDF
file).
E
encryption
The conversion of data to a format called ciphertext that cannot be easily understood by unauthorized
persons. The conversion is done using an encryption algorithm.
endpoint
The mechanism for connecting to a service over a given protocol. Specifies how a service is to be invoked.
event
(LiveCycle Workbench ES) An occurrence during the course of a business process. Events affect the flow of
a process and usually have a cause (trigger) or an impact (result). The three types of events are
asynchronous, timer, and exception. In LiveCycle Workbench ES, an event is represented by a circle.
(LiveCycle Designer ES) An occurrence or action that can change the state of a form and, when the change
of state occurs, automatically invokes a calculation or script that is associated with the event.
(LiveCycle Rights Management ES) An occurrence of a policy change. The Rights Management service
tracks specific actions as they occur, such as applying a policy to a document, opening a policy-protected
document, and revoking access to a document.
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LiveCycle ES Glossary
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F
fixed layout
A form, form design, or document layout that remains exactly as it was designed. The layout does not
change to accommodate the amount of incoming data.
flowable layout
A form, form design, or document layout that can expand or shrink to accommodate the amount of data
being merged or entered by a user.
form
An electronic document that captures and delivers data. A person may add data to an interactive form, or
a server process may merge a form design with data to produce a non-interactive form. See also
interactive form and non-interactive form.
form author
An Adobe LiveCycle Designer ES or LiveCycle Workbench ES user who is proficient in graphically laying out
interactive and non-interactive forms. This user does not have a programming background but can grasp
simple calculations and functions. See also form developer.
FormCalc
A calculation language similar to that used in common spreadsheet software that facilitates form design
without requiring a knowledge of traditional scripting techniques or languages.
form design
The design-time version of a form that a form author or form developer creates using
LiveCycle Designer ES.
form developer
A LiveCycle Designer ES or LiveCycle Workbench ES user who is knowledgeable in scripting, databases, or
web services. A form developer creates complex form-based applications for use in different
environments. See also form author.
form guide
An alternative view of a form that guides users through the form-filling process step by step.
form object
A form element, such as a button or text field, that you can place on a form. An object has its own set of
properties and events. See also subform.
fragment
An XDP file that contains part of a form that can be inserted into multiple forms. See also script fragment.
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G
gateway
The entity in a process diagram that contains one or more branches and is used to control the diverging
and converging of sequence flow. In LiveCycle Workbench ES, a gateway is represented by a diamond
shape.
Guide Builder
The tool within LiveCycle Designer ES that provides users the ability to create form guides from form
designs.
I
interactive form
A form that a person can interact with and complete electronically both online (for example, PDF, form
guide, HTML, or Flex application) and offline (for example, PDF). See also non-interactive form.
interceptor
An executable object. Such objects can be chained together and are executed in the order that they are
added. An interceptor requests and performs specific tasks.
L
LCA file
A LiveCycle ES archive file that contains a process along with metadata that can be used during application
deployment.
LiveCycle Remoting
A LiveCycle Data Services ES feature that lets Flex applications invoke service methods.
M
Message Service
Provides publish-subscribe messaging functionality for Flex clients. You can also use the Message Service
to interact with third-party Java Message Service (JMS) providers.
MXML
An Adobe XML-based markup language used to declaratively describe user interfaces. MXML includes a
rich set of tags that can also be extended to create custom components. MXML-defined user interfaces are
rendered by Flash Player, which provides an engaging user experience.
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N
non-interactive form
A form that users can view electronically. The form must be printed and filled by hand. A non-interactive
form can also be prepopulated with data by a server process, but users cannot change the data. A
non-interactive form is designed for output to the screen or printer as PDF, HTML, PCL, or PostScript. See
also interactive form.
O
operation
Can be used within a process diagram to represent the concrete implementation of an activity. A service is
made up of one or more operations, whereby, each operation represents an interaction with its related
component. An operation can be invoked through a number of endpoints, such as web services, Java API,
remoting, email, or watched folders.
P
page assembly
A task that the Assembler service performs when it brings together the PDF page content of multiple PDF
files.
PDF
Portable Document Format. A universal file format that preserves the fonts, images, and layout of source
documents that are created on a wide range of applications and platforms.
PDF form
Any PDF file that contains one or more form fields. A PDF form can be created in Acrobat or
LiveCycle Designer ES. See also Acrobat form and XML form.
permissions
Security settings applied, for example, to restrict users from opening, editing, printing, or removing
encryption from a PDF file. Permissions cannot be changed unless the user has the Permissions password.
policy
A collection of information that includes document confidentiality settings and a list of authorized users.
The confidentiality settings specified in a policy determine how a recipient can use documents to which
the policy is applied. A policy is created using Adobe LiveCycle Rights Management ES. See also policy set.
policy-protected document
A PDF document that has security permissions set by applying a policy using
LiveCycle Rights Management ES, or a PDF form that has security permissions set by applying a policy
using Acrobat.
policy set
Represents a group of policies that have a common business purpose. See also policy.
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pool
Represents a participant in a process. It also acts as a graphical container for partitioning a set of activities
from other pools.
prepopulated form
A form that appears to the user with some or all fields automatically populated with data.
process
Represents a business process that is automated using LiveCycle ES. LiveCycle Workbench ES is used to
model a business process at design time. At run time, a process is a service that runs on the LiveCycle ES
server.
process category
An organized group of processes in the LiveCycle Workbench ES Processes view.
process diagram
The visual representation of the process that is being automated. A process diagram shows the order in
which the steps in a process are executed.
process instance
A collection of process execution contexts and data that is created when a process is initiated. A process
instance has a unique identification and its own set of process data associated with it.
process version
The electronic definition of a process. A process version contains the information about how the process is
automated.
producer
The Flex client component that you use to send messages to LiveCycle Data Services ES Message Service
destinations. See also consumer.
R
reminder
A notification sent to people that reminds them to complete a task in Adobe LiveCycle Workspace ES. A
reminder is a property of a process.
remote object
A Flex client object that you use to call methods on server-side objects.
render
An action whereby Adobe LiveCycle Forms ES merges a form design, possibly with data, to display a form
as a PDF, form guide, HTML, or SWF file in a web browser or web application.
repository
The storage system for LiveCycle ES assets. A database that allows objects to be versioned and referred to
by an ID or a URL
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restricted document
A PDF document with password security restrictions (permissions) that prevent the document from being
opened, printed, or edited.
RIA
Rich Internet Application. A web application that has the features and functionality of a traditional desktop
application. An RIA typically transfers the processing necessary for the user interface to the web client but
keeps the bulk of the data on the application server.
Rights credential
A digital certificate specific to Adobe LiveCycle Reader Extensions ES that enables Adobe Reader usage
rights to be activated in the PDF documents produced. The Rights credential is used to extend the usage
rights of each PDF file processed by LiveCycle Reader Extensions ES.
rights-enabled document
A PDF document that includes security extensions that allow Adobe Reader users to perform such tasks as
fill forms, add comments, and sign documents.
route
Joins two operations that are executed sequentially and represents the order in which operations on the
process diagram are executed at run time.
RPC component
Remote Procedure Call component. In a typical Flex application, an RPC component sends data as input to
one or more RPC services. When an RPC service executes, it returns its results data to the RPC component
that made the request. Flex RPC components are based on a service-oriented architecture (SOA). Service
adapters bridge Flex destinations to back-end systems.
S
script fragment
A piece of FormCalc or JavaScript™ code that can be reused across multiple XDP files. See also fragment.
security handler
A software module that implements various aspects of the encryption process and controls access to the
contents of the encrypted document. It contains all security logic, such as how to sign and verify
signatures.
service
A contract that specifies one or more interactions with a component.
service configuration
One or more versions of a service.
subform
An object that can act as a container for form objects and other subforms. A subform helps to position
form objects relative to each other and provide structure in form designs that have a flowable layout. A
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subform can also provide a reference point, when binding data to a form, by restricting the scope for a
field so that it matches that of the corresponding data node.
swimlane
A subpartition within a pool. Swimlanes are used to organize and categorize activities and to improve the
readability of a process diagram. Swimlanes have no effect on the execution of a process.
T
tagged Adobe PDF form
A form that includes a logical structure and a set of defined relationships and dependencies among the
various elements, as well as additional information that permits reflow. See also accessible form.
trusted identity
An identity recognized by the associated certificate. Only specified trusted identities can sign a form.
turnkey
An installation option that automatically installs and configures the LiveCycle ES product files, JBoss® Application Server,
and MySQL database, and deploys the product files to JBoss. After you perform a turnkey installation, LiveCycle ES is
ready to use.
U
usage rights
A set of rights that extend the functionality of Adobe Reader and allow users to perform such tasks as save forms with
data, add comments, and sign documents.
X
XDP file
XML Data Package. LiveCycle Designer ES saves a form design as an XDP file that can be rendered as a form guide or a
PDF, HTML, or SWF file.
XML Forms Architecture
A representation of the underlying technology beneath the Adobe XML forms solution. It enables the construction of
robust and flexible form-based applications for use on either the client or the server.
XML form
A PDF form that conforms to the Adobe XML Forms Architecture. XML forms are typically created in LiveCycle
Designer ES. The originating form design can have the file name extension .xdp or .pdf. See also Acrobat form and PDF
form.
© 2007 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All rights reserved.
LiveCycle ES (8.0) Glossary for Microsoft® Windows®, Linux®, and UNIX®
Edition 1.0, May 2007
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