Yiyuan Electric AP Series User`s manual

Yiyuan Electric AP Series User`s manual
Yiyuan Electric Co., Ltd
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AP Series
Pure Sine Wave Inverter/Charger
User’s Manual
Version 4.0
Composer: Franklin Chu
Date: Oct, 2012
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Table of Contents
1. Important Safety Information ........................................................................................................................ 3
1-1. General Safety Precautions ......................................................................................................................... 3
1-2. Precautions When Working with Batteries ................................................................................................ 3
2-1. General Information ................................................................................................................................... 4
2-2. Application.................................................................................................................................................. 4
2.3 Mechanical Drawing .................................................................................................................................... 5
2-4. Features ....................................................................................................................................................... 9
2.5 Electrical Performance ................................................................................................................................. 9
2.5.1 Invert .................................................................................................................................................. 9
2.5.2 AC Charger ........................................................................................................................................ 9
2.5.3 Transfer ............................................................................................................................................ 12
2.5.4 Auto frequency adjust ...................................................................................................................... 13
2.5.5 Solar Charger* ................................................................................................................................. 13
2.5.6 Automatic Voltage Regulation* ...................................................................................................... 15
2.5.7 Power Saver ..................................................................................................................................... 16
2.5.8 Protections........................................................................................................................................ 18
2.5.9 Remote control ................................................................................................................................. 18
2.5.10 LED Indicator & LCD ................................................................................................................... 19
2.5.11 Audible Alarm ............................................................................................................................... 21
2.5.12 FAN Operation............................................................................................................................... 21
2.5.13 DIP Switches .................................................................................................................................. 22
2.5.14 Other features ................................................................................................................................. 23
3 Installation..................................................................................................................................................... 25
3.1 Location .............................................................................................................................................. 25
3.2 DC Wiring........................................................................................................................................... 25
3.3 AC Wiring........................................................................................................................................... 26
3.4 Grounding ........................................................................................................................................... 27
3.5 Install Flange ....................................................................................................................................... 28
4 Troubleshooting Guide ................................................................................................................................. 30
5 Warranty ....................................................................................................................................................... 32
Appendix 1 ....................................................................................................................................................... 33
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1. Important Safety Information
WARNING! Before using the Inverter, you need to read and save the safety instructions.
1-1. General Safety Precautions
1-1-1.Do not expose the Inverter to rain, snow, spray, bilge or dust. To reduce risk of hazard, do not cover or
obstruct the ventilation openings. Do not install the Inverter in a zero-clearance compartment. Overheating
may result. Allow at least 30CM(11.81 inches) of clearance around the inverter for air flow. Make sure that
the air can circulate freely around the unit. A minimum air flow of 145CFM is required.
1-1-2. To avoid a risk of fire and electronic shock. Make sure that existing wiring is in good electrical
condition; and that wire size is not undersized. Do not operate the Inverter with damaged or substandard
wiring.
1-1-3. This equipment contains components which can produce arcs or sparks. To prevent fire or explosion
do not install in compartments containing batteries or flammable materials or in locations which require
ignition protected equipment. This includes any space containing gasoline-powered machinery, fuel tanks,
or joints, fittings, or other connection between components of the fuel system.
See Warranty for instructions on obtaining service.
1-1-4. Do not disassemble the Inverter/Charger. It contains no userserviceable parts. Attempting to service
the Inverter/Charger yourself may result in a risk of electrical shock or fire. Internal capacitors remain
charged after all power is disconnected.
1-1-5. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, disconnect both AC and DC power from the Inverter/Charger
before attempting any maintenance or cleaning. Turning off controls will not reduce this risk
CAUTION: Equipment damage
The output side of the inverter’s AC wiring should at no time be connected to public power or a generator.
This condition is far worse than a short circuit. If the unit survives this condition, it will shut down until
corrections are made.
Installation should ensure that the inverter’s AC output is, at no time, connected to its AC input.
Warning: Limitations On Use
SPECIFICALLY, PLEASE NOTE THAT THE APC SERIES INVERTER/CHARGER SHOULD NOT BE
USED IN CONNECTION WITH LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS OR OTHER MEDICAL EQUIPMENT OR
DEVICES.
1-2. Precautions When Working with Batteries
1-2-1. If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and water. If acid enters eye,
immediately flood eye with running cold water for at least 20 minutes and get medical attention
immediately.
1-2-2. Never smoke or allow a spark or flame in vicinity of battery or engine.
1-2-3. Do not drop a metal tool on the battery. The resulting spark or short-circuit on the battery of other
electrical part may cause an explosion.
1-2-4. Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and watches when working with a
lead-acid battery. A lead-acid battery produces a short-circuit current high enough to weld a ring or the like
to metal, causing a severe burn.
1-2-5. To reduce the risk of injury, charge only rechargeable batteries such as deep-cycle lead acid, lead
antimony, lead calcium gel cell, absorbed mat, NiCad/NiFe or Lithium battery. Other types of batteries may
burst, causing personal injury and damage.
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2. Introduction
2-1. General Information
APC Series Pure Sine Wave Inverter is a combination of an inverter, battery charger and AC auto-transfer
switch into one complete system with a peak conversion efficiency of 88%.
It is packed with unique features and it is one of the most advanced inverter/chargers in the market today.
It features power factor corrected, sophisticated multi-stage charging and pure sine wave output with
unprecedentedly high surge capability to meet demanding power needs of inductive loads without
endangering the equipment.
For the regular model, when utility AC power cuts off(or falls out of acceptable range), the transfer relay is
de-energized and the load is automatically transferred to the Inverter output. Once the qualified AC utility is
restored, the relay is energized and the load is automatically reconnected to AC utility.
The APC Series Inverter is equipped with a powerful charger of up to 90Amps (depending on model).
The overload capacity is 300% of continuous output for up to 20 seconds to reliably support tools and
equipment longer
Another important feature is that the inverter can be easily customized to Battery priority via a DIP switch,
this helps to extract maximum power from battery in renewable energy systems.
Thus, the APC Series Pure Sine Wave Inverter is suitable for Renewable energy system,Utility, RV, Marin
and Emergency appliances.
To get the most out of the power inverter, it must be installed, used and maintained properly. Please read the
instructions in this manual before installing and operating.
2-2. Application
Power tools–circular saws, drills, grinders, sanders, buffers, weed and hedge trimmers, air compressors.
Office equipment – computers, printers, monitors, facsimile machines, scanners.
Household items – vacuum cleaners, fans, fluorescent and incandescent lights, shavers, sewing machines.
Kitchen appliances – coffee makers, blenders, ice markers, toasters.
Industrial equipment – metal halide lamp, high – pressure sodium lamp.
Home entertainment electronics – television, VCRs, video games, stereos, musical instruments, satellite
equipment.
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2.3 Mechanical Drawing
APC/APS 1KW to 3KW Models
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APC/APS 4KW to 6KW Models
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APV 1KW to 3KW Models
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APV 4KW to 6KW Models
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2-4. Features
High overload ability up to 300% of rated power(20 sec)
Low quiescent current, low power “ Power Saving Mode ” to conserve energy
4-step intelligent battery charging, PFC(Power Factor Correction) for charger
8 pre set battery type selector plus de-sulphation for totally flat batteries
Powerful charge rate up to 90Amp, selectable from 0%-100%
10 ms typical transfer time between battery and AC, guarantees power continuity
Smart remote control
15s delay before transfer when AC resumes, extra protection for loads when used with generator
Allows start up and through power with depleted batteries
30A/40A through current ability
Multiple controlled cooling fan
Extensive protections against various harsh situations
13VDC battery recover point, dedicated for renewable energy systems
2.5 Electrical Performance
2.5.1 Invert
Topology
The APC inverter/charger is built according to the following topology.
Invert: Full Bridge Topology.
Charge: Isolate Boost Topology
Because of high efficiency Mosfets and 16bit, 4.9MHZ microprocessor and heavy transformers, it outputs
PURE SINE WAVE AC with an average THD of 15% (min 5%, max 25%) depending of load connected
and battery voltage.
The peak efficiency of APC series is 88%.
Overload Capacity
The APC series inverters have different overload capacities, making it ideal to handle demanding loads.
1 For 110%<Load<125%(±10%), no audible alarm in 14 minutes, beeps 0.5s every 1s in the 15th minute,
and Fault(Turn off) after the 15th minute.
2 For 125%<Load<150%(±10%), beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault(Turn off) after the 1 minute.
3 For 300%≧Load>150%(±10%), beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault(Turn off) after 20s.
Caution:
After the inverter is switched on, it takes a finite time for it to self diagnose and get ready to deliver full power. Hence,
always switch on the load(s) after a few seconds of switching on the inverter. Avoid switching on the inverter with the
load already switched on. This may prematurely trigger the overload protection. When a load is switched on, it may
require initial higher power surge to start. Hence, if multiple loads are being powered, they should be switched on one
by one so that the inverter is not overloaded by the higher starting surge if all the loads are switched on at once.
2.5.2 AC Charger
APC Series is equipped with an active PFC (Power Factor Corrected) multistage battery charger. The PFC
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feature is used to control the amount of power used to charge the batteries in order to obtain a power factor
as close as possible to 1.
Unlike other inverters whose max charging current decreases according to the input AC voltage, APC series
charger is able to output max current as long as input AC voltage is in the range of
164-243VAC(95-127VAC for 120V model), and AC freq is in the range of 48-54Hz(58-64Hz for 60Hz
model).
The APC series inverter has a very rapid charge current available, and the max charge current can be
adjusted from 0%-100% via a liner switch to the right of the battery type selector. This will be helpful if you
are using our powerful charger on a small capacity battery bank.
Choosing “0” in the battery type selector will disable charging function.
There are 3 main stages:
Bulk Charging: This is the initial stage of charging. While Bulk Charging, the charger supplies the battery
with controlled constant current. The charger will remain in Bulk charge until the Absorption charge voltage
(determined by the Battery Type selection) is achieved.
Software timer will measure the time from A/C start until the battery charger reaches 0.3V below the boost
voltage, then take this time asT0 and T0×10 = T1.
Absorb Charging: This is the second charging stage and begins after the absorb voltage has been reached.
Absorb Charging provides the batteries with a constant voltage and reduces the DC charging current in order
to maintain the absorb voltage setting.
In this period, the inverter will start a T1 timer; the charger will keep the boost voltage in Boost CV mode
until the T1 timer has run out. Then drop the voltage down to the float voltage. The timer has a minimum
time of 1 hour and a maximum time of 12 hours.
Float Charging: The third charging stage occurs at the end of the Absorb Charging time. While Float
charging, the charge voltage is reduced to the float charge voltage (determined by the Battery Type
selection*). In this stage, the batteries are kept fully charged and ready if needed by the inverter.
If the A/C is reconnected or the battery voltage drops below 12Vdc/24Vdc/48Vdc, the charger will reset the
cycle above.
If the charge maintains the float state for 10 days, the charger will deliberately reset the cycle to protect the
battery.
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Battery type selector
Switch setting
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
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Description
Charger Off
Gel USA
AGM 1
AGM 2
Sealed lead acid
Gel EURO
Open lead acid
Calcium
De sulphation
Not used
Boost / Vdc
Float / Vdc
14.0
14.1
14.6
14.4
14.4
14.8
15.1
15.5 (4 Hours then Off)
13.7
13.4
13.7
13.6
13.8
13.3
13.6
12Vdc Mode (*2 for 24Vdc ; *4 for 48Vdc)
De-sulphation
The de-sulphation cycle on switch position 8 is marked in red because this is a very dangerous setting if you
do not know what you are doing. Before ever attempting to use this cycle you must clearly understand what
it does and when and how you would use it.
What causes sulphation? This can occur with infrequent use of the batteries, nor if the batteries have been
left discharged so low that they will not accept a charge. This cycle is a very high voltage charge cycle
designed to try to break down the sulphated crust that is preventing the plates from taking a charge and thus
allow the plates to clean up and accept a charge once again.
Charging depleted batteries
The APC series inverter allows start up and through power with depleted batteries.
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For 12VDC model, after the battery voltage goes below 10V, if the switch is still(and always) kept in "ON"
position, the inverter is always connected with battery, and the battery voltage doesn’t drop below 2V, the
inverter will be able to charge the battery once qualified AC inputs.
Before the battery voltage going below 9VDC, the charging can activated when the switch is turned to “Off”,
then to “ON”.
When the voltage goes below 9VDC, and you accidently turn the switch to OFF or disconnect the inverter
from battery, the inverter will not be able to charge the battery once again, because the CPU lose memory
during this process.
Start up without battery function can be customized upon request.
Charging current for each model
Model
1KW12Vdc230Vac
1KW24Vdc230Vac
1.5KW12Vdc230Vac
1.5KW24Vdc230Vac
2KW12Vdc230Vac
2KW24Vdc230Vac
2KW48Vdc230Vac
3KW12Vdc230Vac
3KW24Vdc230Vac
3KW48Vdc230Vac
4KW12Vdc230Vac
4KW24Vdc230Vac
4KW48Vdc230Vac
5KW24Vdc230Vac
5KW24Vdc230Vac(Split Phase)
5KW48Vdc230Vac
5KW48Vdc230Vac(Split Phase)
6KW24Vdc230Vac
6KW24Vdc230Vac(Split Phase)
6KW48Vdc230Vac
6KW48Vdc230Vac(Split Phase)
Current
35±5A
20±5A
45±5A
25±5A
65±5A
30±5A
20±5A
80±5A
45±5A
30±5A
105±5A
65±5A
35±5A
Model
1KW12Vdc120Vac
1KW24Vdc120Vac
1.5KW12Vdc120Vac
1.5KW24Vdc120Vac
2KW12Vdc120Vac
2KW24Vdc120Vac
2KW48Vdc120Vac
3KW12Vdc120Vac
3KW24Vdc120Vac
3KW48Vdc120Vac
4KW12Vdc120Vac
4KW24Vdc120Vac
4KW48Vdc120Vac
Current
35±5A
15±5A
45±5A
25±5A
60±5A
30±5A
15±5A
80±5A
40±5A
25±5A
100±5A
50±5A
30±5A
70±5A
40±5A
85±5A
55±5A
The charging capacity will go to peak in around 3 seconds, this may probably cause a generator to drop
frequency, making inverter transfer to battery mode.
It is suggested to gradually put charging load on the generator by switching the charging switch from min to
max, together with the 15s switch delay, our inverter gives the generator enough time to spin up.
Caution:
Pls turn the charge current control switch gently to avoid breakage due to over-turning.
2.5.3 Transfer
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While in the Standby Mode, the AC input is continually monitored. Whenever AC power falls below the
VAC Trip voltage (154 VAC, default setting), the inverter automatically transfers back to the Invert Mode
with minimum interruption to your appliances - as long as the inverter is turned on. The transfer from
Standby mode to Inverter mode occurs in approximately 10 milliseconds. And it is the same time from
Inverter mode to Standby mode.
Though it is not designed as a computer UPS system, this transfer time is usually fast enough to hold them
up.
There is a 15-second delay from the time the inverter senses that continuously qualified AC is present at the
input terminals to when the transfer is made. This delay is built in to provide time for a generator to spin-up
to a stable voltage and avoid relay chattering. The inverter will not transfer to generator until it has locked
onto the generator’s output. This delay is also designed to avoid frequent switch when input utility is
unstable.
2.5.4 Auto frequency adjust
The inverter is designed with Auto Frequency adjust function.
The factory default configuration for 220/230/240VAC inverter is 50Hz and 60Hz for 100/110/120VAC
inverter.
While the output freq can be easily changed once a qualified freq is applied to the inverter.
If you want to get 60Hz from a 50Hz inverter, just input 60Hz power, and the inverter will automatically
adjust the output freq to 60Hz and vice versa.
NOTE: The inverter will output factory set freq after it restarts. Customers who can only accept one
freq should specify the freq when ordering.
2.5.5 Solar Charger*
For APV series, there is a solar charger built in.
Listed below is the spec for solar charger
Table 1
Electrical Specifications @ 25℃(77℉)
Rated Voltage
Rated charge current (includes load
current)
Load current
Input voltage range
Max DC input Current
Max. PV open circuit array voltage
Overload protection (DC load)
Typical idle consumption
Bulk charge
Floating charge
Equalization charge
12 Vdc
24Vdc
60Amp
15Amp
15-30Vdc
30-55Vdc
60Amp
30Vdc
55Vdc
2.0 * I(Rated)>5s
1.5 * I(Rated) >20s
1.25 * I(Rated) temperature controlled
At idle < 10mA
14.6Vdc (default)
29.2Vdc (default)
13.4Vdc (default)
26.8Vdc (default)
14.0Vdc (default)
28.0Vdc (default)
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Over charge disconnect
Over charge recovery
Over discharge disconnect
Over discharge reconnect
Lead acid battery settings
NiCad battery settings
Low voltage reconnect
Low voltage disconnect
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14.8Vdc
13.6Vdc
10.8Vdc (default)
12.3Vdc
Ambient temperature
Altitude
Protection class
Terminal size (fine/single wire)
29.6Vdc
27.2Vdc
21.6Vdc (default)
24.6Vdc
Adjustable
Adjustable
12.0-14.0Vdc
24.0-28.0Vdc
10.5-12.5Vdc
21.0-25.0Vdc
0-40℃(32-104℉) full capacity;
40-60℃(104-140℉) de-rating
Operating 5000 m, Non-Operating 16000 m
IP21
#8 AWG
Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) Function
Maximum Power Point Tracking, frequently referred to as MPPT, is an electronic system that operates the
Photovoltaic (PV) modules in a manner that allows the modules to produce all the power they are capable
of.
The PV-seeker Charge controller is a microprocessor-based system designed to implement the MPPT.
And it can increase charge current up to 30% or more compared to traditional charge controllers (see figure
1).
Figure 1 Current, Power vs. Voltage Characteristics
The Charge controller built in is with 12/24V battery voltage auto detecting function.
For 12VDC inverter, the output voltage of solar charger will be accordingly 12VDC, and the qualified DC
input volt range is 15v-30VDC.
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For 24VDC inverter, the output voltage of solar charger will be accordingly 24VDC, and the qualified DC
input volt range is 30V-55VDC.
If the voltage falls out of this range, the charger will not work properly. Special attention should be paid to
this when configuring the solar array.
2.5.6 Automatic Voltage Regulation*
The automatic voltage regulation function is only for APS Pure Sine Wave Inverter/ Charger which is
a combination of APC inverter and Automatic Voltage Regulator.
Instead of simply bypassing the input AC to power the loads, the APS series inverter stabilizes the input AC
voltage to a range of 230V/120V±10%.
Connected with batteries, the APS inverter will function as a UPS with max transfer time of 10 ms.
With all the unique features from the inverter and AVR, it brings you long-term trouble free operation
beyond your expectation.
APS Series AVR Function Introduction
Any-Power Solution Series
Any-Power Solution AVR Function
LV (NA/JPN)
HV (INTL)
0-160
0-300
Acceptable Input Voltage Range (Vac)
Nominal Input Voltages (Vac)
100
110
120
75/65
84/72
92/78
80/70
89/77
97/83
(C) Line 2nd boost threshold (On Boost)
**
**
(D) Line 2nd boost comeback (On normal)
**
(E) Line 1st boost threshold (On Boost)
90
(A) Line low loss N/W (On battery)
(B) Line Low comeback N/W (On Boost)
15
220
230
240
**
168/14
3
178/15
3
**
176/15
0
186/16
0
**
**
**
**
**
**
99
108
198
207
216
183/156
193/166
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(F) Line 1st boost comeback (On normal)
93
103
112
205
215
225
(G) Line buck comeback (On Normal)
106
118
128
235
246
256
(H) Line buck threshold (On Buck)
110
121
132
242
253
264
(I) Line high comeback (On Buck)
115
127
139
253
266
278
(J) Line high loss (On Battery)
120
132
144
263
276
288
2.5.7 Power Saver
There are 2 different working statuses for APC
inverter: “Power On” and “Power Off”.
When power switch is in “Unit Off” position, the
inverter is powered off.
When power switch is turned to either of “Power
Saver Auto” or “Power Saver Off”, the inverter is
powered on.
Power saver function is to dedicated to conserve
battery power when AC power is not or little
required by the loads.
In this mode, the inverter pulses the AC output
looking for an AC load (i.e., electrical appliance).
Whenever an AC load (greater than 25 watts) is
turned on, the inverter recognizes the need for power and automatically starts inverting and output goes to
full voltage. When there is no load (or less than 25 watts) detected, the inverter automatically goes back into
search mode to minimize energy consumption from the battery bank.
In “Power saver on” mode, the inverter will draw power mainly in sensing moments, thus the idle
consumption is significantly reduced.
The inverter is factory defaulted to detect load for 250ms in every 30 seconds. This cycle can be customized
to 3 seconds thru the SW3 on DIP switch.
Power saver on
Power saver off
Power saver on(Load detected)
Note: The minimum power of a load to take inverter out of sleep mode (Power Saver On) is 25 Watts.
The whole AP Series inverter is designed with extraordinarily low idle power consumption which is
0.8-1.8% of its rated power.
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AP Series Idle Power Consumption(in Watts)
Model NO
Power Saver Off
Power Saver On (3Secs)
Power Saver On (30Secs)
1012E
12.5
7.5
5.3
1012
1024E
12.5
15
7.5
8.4
5.3
5.4
1024
16.5
9
6
1512E
12.5
7.5
5.3
1524E
15
8.4
5.4
1512
13.5
8
5.8
1524
16.5
9
6
2012E
25
11.7
5.7
2012
28
12.7
5.8
2024E
24.5
11.5
5.7
2024
26.5
12.2
5.8
2048E
25
11.7
5.7
2048
3012E
28
50
12.7
20
5.8
6.5
3012
55
21.7
6.7
3024E
38.5
16.2
6.2
3024
46.5
18.9
6.4
3048E
45
18.4
6.4
3048
4012
50
44.5
20
18.2
6.5
6.4
4024E
48
19.4
6.5
4024
52.5
20.9
6.6
4048E
48
19.4
6.5
4048
55.5
21.9
6.7
5024E
5048E
62.5
68.5
24.2
26.2
7
7.2
6024E
76.8
29
7.4
6048E
80.7
30.3
7.6
Note: Model NO ending with “E” represents 230Vac output one, model NO without “E” represents 120Vac
output one
For more detailed technical information, please contact the supplier.
When in the search sense mode, the green power LED will blink and the inverter will make a ticking sound.
At full output voltage, the green power LED will light steadily and the inverter will make a steady humming
sound. When the inverter is used as an “uninterruptible” power supply the search sense mode function
should be defeated.
Exceptions
Some devices when scanned by the load sensor cannot be detected. Small fluorescent lights are the most
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common example. (Try altering the plug polarity by turning the plug over.) Some computers and
sophisticated electronics have power supplies that do not present a load until line voltage is available. When
this occurs, each unit waits for the other to begin. To drive these loads either a small companion load must
be used to bring the inverter out of its search mode, or the inverter may be programmed to remain at full
output voltage.
2.5.8 Protections
The APC series inverter is equipped with extensive protections against various harsh situations/faults.
These protections include:
AC Input over voltage protection/AC Input low voltage protection
Low battery alarm/High battery alarm
Over temperature protection/Over load protection
Short Circuit protection (1s after fault)
Back feeding protection
When Over temperature /Over load occur, after the fault is cleared, the master switch has to be reset to
restart the inverter.
The Low battery voltage trip point can be customized from defaulted value of 10VDC to 10.5VDC through
the SW1 on the DIP switch.
The inverter will go to Over temp protection when the heat sink temp. ≥105ºC(221℉), and will go to Fault
(shutdown Output) after 30 seconds. After temp drop to 90ºC(194℉), the switch has to be reset to activate
the inverter.
The APC series Inverter is with back feeding protection which avoids presenting an AC voltage on the AC
input terminal in Invert mode.
After the reason for fault is cleared, the inverter has to be reset to start working.
2.5.9 Remote control
Apart from the switch panel on the front of the inverter, an extra switch panel connected to the RJ11 port at
the DC side of the inverter thru a standard telephone cable can also control the operation of the inverter.
If an extra switch panel is connected to the inverter via
“remote control port”, together with the panel on the inverter
case, the two panels will be connected and operated in
parallel.
Whichever first switches from “Off” to “Power saver off” or
“Power saver on”, it will power the inverter on.
If the commands from the two panels conflict, the inverter
will accept command according to the following priority:
Power saver on> Power saver off> Power off
Only when both panels are turned to “Unit Off” position, the
inverter will be powered off.
WARNING
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Never cut the telephone cable when the cable is attached to inverter and battery is connected to the inverter.
Even the inverter is turned off, this will damage the remote PCB inside if the cable is short circuited during
cutting.
2.5.10 LED Indicator & LCD
Above sticker is on APC/APS 1KW to 6KW models, and APV 1KW to 3KW models.
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Above sticker is on APV 4-6KW models.
SHORE POWER ON
INVERTER ON
FAST CHARGE
FLOAT CHARGE
OVER TEMP TRIP
OVER LOAD TRIP
POWER SAVER ON
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GREEN LED lighting on AC Mode
GREEN LED lighting on Inverter Mode
Yellow LED lighting on Fast Charging Mode
GREEN LED lighting on Float Charging Mode
RED LED lighting on Over Temperature
RED LED lighting on Over Load
GREEN LED lighting on Power Saver Mode (Power
Saver Load ≦25W)
The Inverter can be customized into LCD type. The LCD will display the following content:
Greeting message of “Welcome to ”
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AC Status & Input Voltage
“AC: abnormal” is displayed when AC input is not qualified.
Output Voltage/Frequency and Output Current( in percentage) in Inverter mode
Battery voltage
Note:
When the inverter is in Battery Priority mode, “AC:abnormal” will also be displayed when the inverter
finishes a complete charging circle and switches to inverter mode.
In AC mode, the LCD will not display the status of AC load.
2.5.11 Audible Alarm
Battery Voltage Low
Battery Voltage High
Invert Mode Over-Load
Over Temperature
Inverter green LED Lighting, and the buzzer beep 0.5s every 5s.
Inverter green LED Lighting, and the buzzer beep 0.5s every 1s,
and Fault after 60s.
(1)110%<load<125%(±10%), No audible alarm in 14 minutes,
Beeps 0.5s every 1s in 15th minute and Fault after 15 minutes;
(2)125% <load<150%(±10%), Beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault after 60s;
(3)Load>150%(±10%), Beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault after 20s;
Heat sink temp. ≥105ºC(221℉), Over temp red LED Lighting, beeps 0.5s
every 1s;
2.5.12 FAN Operation
For 1-3KW, there is one multiple controlled DC fan which starts to work according to the following logics.
For 4-6KW, there is one multiple controlled DC fan and one AC fan. The DC fan will work in the same
way as the one on 1-3KW, while the AC fan will work once there is AC output from the inverter.
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So when the inverter is in power saver mode, the AC fan will work from time to time in response to the
pulse sent by the inverter in power saver mode.
The Operation of DC fan at the DC terminal side is controlled in the following logic:
Condition
HEAT SINK
TEMPERATURE
CHARGER
CURRENT
LOAD Percentage
(INV MODE)
Enter Condition
T ≤ 60℃(140℉)
65℃(149℉)≤ T < 85 ℃(185℉)
T > 85℃(185℉)
I ≤ 15%
20%< I ≤ 50%Max
I > 50%Max
Load < 30%
30% ≤ Load < 50%
Load ≥ 50%
Leave condition
T > 65℃(149℉)
T ≤ 60℃(140℉) or T ≥ 85℃(185℉)
T ≤ 80℃(176℉)
I ≥ 20%
I≤ 15% or I > 50%Max
I ≤ 40%Max
Load ≥ 30%
Load ≤ 20% or Load ≥ 50%
Load ≤ 40%
Speed
OFF
50%
100%
OFF
50%
100%
OFF
50%
100%
Allow at least 30CM of clearance around the inverter for air flow. Make sure that the air can circulate freely
around the unit.
Fan noise level <60db at a distance of 1m
2.5.13 DIP Switches
On the DC end of inverter, there are 4 DIP switches which enable users to customize the performance of the
device.
Switch NO
SW1
Switch Function
Low Battery Trip Volt
SW2(230V)
SW2(120V)
SW3
SW4
AC Input Range
AC Input Range
Load Sensing Cycle
Battery/AC Priority
Position: 0
Position: 1
10.0VDC
10.5VDC
*2 for 24VDC, *4 for 48VDC
184-253VAC
154-264VAC(40Hz+)
100-135VAC
90-135VAC(40Hz+)
30 seconds
3 seconds
Utility Priority
Battery Priority
Low Battery Trip Volt:
Deep discharge of the lead acid battery leads to high losses in capacity and early aging. In different
applications, different low voltage disconnection level is preferred. For example, for solar application, user
intended to have less DOD to prolong the battery cycle life. While for mobile application, users intend to
have more DOD to reduce battery capacity and on board weight.
For 12VDC model, the Low Battery Trip Volt is set at 10.0VDC by default. It can be customized to
10.5VDC using SW1, this is to prevent batteries from over-discharging while there is only a small load
applied on the inverter.
*2 for 24VDC, *4 for 48VDC
AC Input Range:
There are different acceptable AC input ranges for different kinds of loads.
For some relatively sensitive electronic devices, a narrow input range of 184-253VAC (100-135V for
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120VAC model) is required to protect them.
While for some resistive loads which work in a wide voltage range, the input AC range can be customized to
154-253VAC (90-135V for 120VAC model), this helps to power loads with the most AC input power
without frequent switches to the battery bank.
In order to make the inverter accept dirty power from a generator, when the SW2 is switched to position “1”,
the inverter will bypass an AC input with a higher voltage(164-264Vac for 230Vac model) and wider
frequency (40Hz plus for 50Hz/60Hz). Accordingly, the AC charger will also work in a higher
voltage(174-254Vac for 230Vac model) wider freq range (43Hz plus for 50Hz/60Hz).
This will avoid frequent switches between battery and generator. But some sensitive loads will suffer from
the low quality power.
The pros and cons should be clearly realized.
Load Sensing Cycle:
The inverter is factory defaulted to detect load for 250ms every 30 seconds. This cycle can be customized to
3 seconds through the SW3 on DIP switch.
AC/Battery Priority:
Our inverter is designed AC priority by default. This means, when AC input is present, the battery will be
charged first, and the inverter will transfer the input AC to power the load. Only when the AC input is stable
for a continuous period of 15 days will the inverter start a battery inverting cycle to protect the battery. After
1 normal charging cycle ac through put will be restored. For more info, pls refer to our manual at AC
Charging Section.
The AC Priority and Battery Priority switch is SW4. When you choose battery priority, the inverter will
invert from battery despite the AC input. Only when the battery voltage reaches the low voltage alarm
point(10.5Vdc for 12Vdc, 21Vdc for 24Vdc, 42Vdc for 48Vdc) will the inverter transfer to AC Input, charge
battery, and switch back to battery when the battery is fully charged. This function is mainly for wind/solar
systems using utility power as back up.
The AC/Battery Priority function can be activated by sliding the switch even when the inverter is in
operation.
Note: In battery priority mode, when qualified AC inputs for the first time, the inverter will only go
into battery priority mode after a cycle of bulk charging and absorb charging is finished. The inverter
will not go into float charging mode.
2.5.14 Other features
Battery voltage recovery start
After low battery voltage shut off(10V for 12V model or 20V for 24V model or 40V for 48V model), the
inverter is able to restore to work after the battery voltage recovers to 13V/26V/52V(with power switch still
in “On” position). This function helps to save the users extra labor to reactivate the inverter when the low
battery voltage returns to acceptable range in renewable energy systems.
WARNING
Never leave the loads unattended, some loads (like a Heater) may cause accidents in such cases.
It is better to shut everything off after low voltage trip than to leave your load in the risk of fire. Nobody
wants to return home, finding house surrounded by fire trucks, and naughty neighborhood kids toasting hot
dogs against his house.
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Auto Gen Start(optional)
The inverter can be customized to start up a generator when battery voltage goes low.
When the inverter goes to low battery alarm, it can send a signal to start a generator, and turn the generator
off after battery charging is finished.
The auto gen start feature will only work with generators designed to work with this feature. There is an
open/close relay that will short circuit the positive and negative cable from a generator. The input DC
voltage can vary, but the Max current the relay can carry is 16Amp.
Conformal Coating
The entire line of inverters have been processed with a conformal coating on the PCB, making it water, rust,
and dust resistant.
While these units are designed to withstand corrosion from the salty air, they are not splash proof.
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3 Installation
3.1 Location
Follow all the local regulations to install the inverter.
Please install the equipment in a location of Dry, Clean, Cool with good ventilation.
Working temperature: ‐10℃ to 40℃(-14℉to 104℉)
Storage temperature: ‐40℃ to 70℃(-40℉to 158℉)
Relative Humidity: 0%to 95%,non-condensing
Cooling: Forced air
3.2 DC Wiring
It is suggested the battery bank be kept as close as possible to the inverter. The following table is a suggested
wiring option for 1 meter DC cable.
Rate Current
200Amp Max
300Amp Max
400Amp Max
DC cable
8AWG*2*2
8AWG*3*2
8AWG*4*2
Model
1012/1024/1512/1524/2024/2048/3048
2012/3024/4024/4048/5048/6048
3012/5024/6024
Please find the following minimum wire size. In case of DC cable longer than 1m, please increase the cross section of
cable to compensate for a drop in voltage and DC ripple.
Reducing RF interference
To reduce the effect of radiated interference, twist the DC cables. To further reduce RF interference, shield the cables
with sheathing /copper foil / braiding.
Taping battery cables together to reduce inductance
Do not keep the battery cables far apart. In case it is not convenient to twist the cables, keep them taped together to
reduce their inductance. Reduced inductance of the battery cables helps to reduce induced voltages. This reduces
ripple in the battery cables and improves performance and efficiency.
WARNING
The torque rating range for DC terminal is 12.5NM-20.5NM(9.25-15.19 pound-foot), and
the suggested torque rating is 17NM(12.6 pound-foot). Over torquing may cause the bolt to
break.
In the event of reverse polarity the unit could be totally destroyed which is not covered
under warranty!
The inverter contains capacitors that may produce a spark when first connected to battery. Do not
mount in a confined a battery or gas compartment.
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3.3 AC Wiring
We recommend using 10 to 5Awg wire to connect to the ac terminal block.
When in AC mode the AC input power will supply both the loads and AC charger, a thicker wire gauge for
AC Input is required. Pls consult a qualified electrician about the specific wire gauge required in terms of
wire material and inverter power.
There are 3 different ways of connecting to the terminal block depending on the model. All the wirings are
CE compliant, Call our tech support if you are not sure about how to wire any part of your inverter.
Wiring Option 1
230V single phase/120V
single phase
Input: Hot
line+Neutral+Ground
Output: Hot
line+Neutral+Ground
Wiring Option 2
230V split phase
Input: Hot line+ Hot line
+Ground
Output: Hot line+ Hot
line +Neutral
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Wiring Option 3
230V split phase
Input: Hot line+ Hot line
+Ground
Output: Hot line
+Neutral
Remark: In such cases,
each output hotline can
only carry a max of half
the rated capacity.
Caution:
Wiring Option 2 and Wiring Option 3 are only allowed for split phase models.
Pls wire all the other models according to Wiring Option 1.
WARNING
For split phase models, AC input neutral is not required in wiring. Never Connect Input Neutral to
Output Neutral. Damage will result which is not covered under warranty.
WARNING
The output voltage of this unit must never be connected in its input AC terminal, overload or damage
may result.
Always switch on the inverter before plugging in any appliance.
3.4 Grounding
Connect an AWG 8 gauge or greater copper wire between the grounding terminal on the inverter and the
earth grounding system or the vehicle chassis.
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3.5 Install Flange
APC1-1.5KW
APS1-1.5KW
APC2-3KW
APS2-3KW
APC4-6KW
APS4-6KW
APS1-3KW
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Side View
APV
4KW-6KW
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4 Troubleshooting Guide
Troubleshooting contains information about how to troubleshoot possible error conditions while using the
Any Power Combi Inverter & Charger.
The following chart is designed to help you quickly pinpoint the most common inverter failures.
Indicator and Buzzer
Indicator on top cover
SHORE
Status
Item
POWER
ON
INVERT
FAST
FLOAT
ER ON
CHG
CHG
LED on Remote Switch
OVER
OVER
POWER
TEMP
LOAD
SAVER
TRIP
TRIP
ON
BATT
INVERTE
CHG
R
Alarm
Buzzer
CC
√
×
√
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
Line
CV
√
×
√, blink
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
Mode
Float
√
×
×
√
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
Standby
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
Inverter On
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
√
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
√
Inverter
Mode
Power
Saver
Battery
Low
Battery
High
Overload
On Invert
Mode
×
√
×
×
×
√
×
×
√
√
×
√
×
×
√
×
×
×
√
√
√
×
√
×
√
×
×
√
×
√
√
×
√
×
×
×
×
√
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
√
Over-Temp
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
Over
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
Mode
Over-Temp
On Line
Mode
Over
Charge
Fan Lock
Battery
High
Inverter
Fault
Mode
Mode
Overload
Output
Short
Beep 0.5s
every 1s
“Audible
alarm”
Over-Temp
On Invert
every 5s
Refer to
Mode
Inverter
Beep 0.5s
30
Beep 0.5s
every 1s
Beep 0.5s
every 1s
Beep 0.5s
every 1s
Beep
continuous
Beep
continuous
Beep
continuous
Beep
continuous
Beep
continuous
Beep
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Charge
Back Feed
Short
continuous
×
×
Symptom
Inverter will not turn on during
initial power up.
×
×
×
×
Possible Cause
Batteries are not connected, loose
battery-side connections.
×
×
×
×
Beep
continuous
Recommended Solution
Check the batteries and cable
connections. Check DC fuse and
breaker.
Low battery voltage.
No AC output voltage and no
indicator lights ON.
AC output voltage is low and the
inverter turns loads OFF in a short
time.
Charger is inoperative and unit
will not accept AC.
Charger is supplying a lower
charge rate.
Charger turns OFF while charging
from a generator.
Sensitive loads turn off
temporarily when transferring
between grid and inverting.
Noise from Transformer/case*
Inverter has been manually
transitioned to OFF mode.
Low battery.
Charge the battery.
Press the switch to Power saver on
or Power saver off position.
Check the condition of the
batteries and recharge if possible.
AC voltage has dropped
out-of-tolerance
Charger controls are improperly
set.
Check the AC voltage for proper
voltage and frequency.
Refer to the section on adjusting
the “Charger Rate”.
Low AC input voltage.
Source qualified AC power..
Loose battery or AC input
connections.
High AC input voltages from the
generator.
Check all DC /AC connections.
Inverter's Low voltage trip voltage
may be too low to sustain certain
loads.
Applying specific loads such as
hair drier
Load the generator down with a
heavy load.
Turn the generator output voltage
down.
Choose narrow AC voltage in the
DIP switch, or Install a UPS if
possible.
Remove the loads
*The reason for the noise from transformer and/or case
When in inverter mode and the transformer and/or case of the inverter sometimes may vibrate and make
noise.
The noise may come from transformer.
According to the characteristics of our inverter, there is one type of load which will most likely to cause
rattles of transformer, that is a half-wave load, load that uses only a half cycle of the power(see figure 1).
This trends to cause imbalance of magnetic field of transformer, reducing its rated working freq from
20KHz to, say, maybe 15KHz (it varies according to different loads). This way, the freq of noise falls
exactly into the range (200Hz-20KHz) that human ear can sense.
The most common load of such kind is hair drier.
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Figure 1
If the noise comes from case.
Normally when loaded with inductive loads, the magnetic field generated by transformer keeps attracting or
releasing the steel case at a specific freq, this may also cause noise.
Reducing the load power or using an inverter with bigger capacity will normally solve this problem.
The noise willn’t do any harm to the inverter or the loads.
5 Warranty
We offer 1 year limited warranty.
But the following cases are not covered under warranty.
1 DC polarity reverse.
The inverter is designed without DC polarity reverse protection. A polarity reverse may severely damage the
inverter.
2 Wrong AC wiring
3 Operation in a condensing environment.
4 Operating with an undersized generator or generator with unqualified wave form.
Composer: Franklin Chu
Date: Oct, 2012
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Appendix 1
APC Series Inverter&Charger
Electrical Specifications
Model
Inverter
Output
Continuous Output
Power
Surge Rating(20s)
Capable of Starting
Electric Motor
Output Waveform
Nominal Efficiency
Line Mode Efficiency
Power Factor
Nominal Output Voltage
rms
Output Voltage
Regulation
Output Frequency
Short Circuit Protection
Typical transfer Time
THD
APC
1KW
APC
1.5KW
APC
2KW
APC
3KW
APC
4KW
APC
5KW
APC
6KW
1000W
1500W
2000W
3000W
4000W
5000W
6000W
3000W
4500W
6000W
9000W
12000W
15000W
18000W
1HP
1.5HP
2HP
3HP
4HP
5HP
6HP
Pure Sine wave/Same as input(Bypass mode)
>88%(Peak)
>95%
0.9-1.0
100-110-120Vac / 220-230-240Vac
±10% RMS
50/60Hz ±0.3Hz
Yes, Current Limit Function (Fault after 1sec)
10ms(Max)
< 10%
12.0Vdc
( *2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc)
10.0Vdc
10.5Vdc / 11.0Vdc
10.0Vdc / 10.5Vdc
Nominal Input Voltage
DC Input
Minimum Start Voltage
Low Battery Alarm
Low Battery Trip
High Voltage Alarm &
Fault
High DC Input Recovery
Low Battery voltage
recover
Idle Consumption-Search
Mode
16.0Vdc
15.5Vdc
13.0Vdc
< 25 W when Power Saver On
Input Voltage Range
Input Frequency Range
Charge
Output Voltage
Charger Breaker Rating
Max Charge Rate
Over Charge Protection
Shutdown
10A
Narrow: 100~135VAC / 194~243VAC;
Wide: 90~135VAC / 164~243VAC;
Narrow: 47-55±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 57-65±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:43±0.3Hz plus for 50Hz/60Hz
Depends on battery type
10A
10A
20A
20A
30A
15A to 85A ±5A , depending on models
15.7V for 12Vdc ( *2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc)
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Battery type
Gel U.S.A
A.G.M 1
A.G.M 2
Sealed Lead Acid
Gel Euro
Open Lead Acid
Calcium
De-sulphation
Remote Control
Input Voltage Waveform
Nominal Voltage
Low Voltage Trip
Low Voltage re engage
High Voltage Trip
High Voltage re engage
Max Input AC Voltage
Nominal Input
Frequency
Bypass &
Protection
Fast Vdc
14.0
14.1
14.6
14.4
14.4
14.8
15.1
15.5 for 4hrs
Yes. Optional
Sine wave (Grid or Generator)
120Vac
80V/90V±4%
90V/100V±4%
140V±4%
135V±4%
150VAC
230Vac
184V/154V±4%
194V/164V±4%
253V±4%
243V±4%
270VAC
50Hz or 60Hz (Auto detect)
Narrow: 47±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 57±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:40±0.3Hz for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 48±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 58±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:45±0.3Hz for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 55±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 65±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide: No up limit for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 54±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 64±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide: No up limit for 50Hz/60Hz
Low Freq Trip
Low Freq re engage
High Freq Trip
High Freq re engage
Output Short circuit
protection
Bypass breaker rating
Transfer switch rating
Max bypass current
Mounting
Inverter
Dimensions(L*W*H)
Inverter Weight
Mechanical
Shipping
Specification
Dimensions(L*W*H)
Shipping Weight
Display
Standard Warranty
Float Vdc
13.7
13.4
13.7
13.6
13.8
13.3
13.6
Circuit breaker
10A
15A
20A
30amp for UL & TUV
30amp
30A
30A
40A
40amp for UL
40amp
40A
Wall mount
382*218*179mm
16KG
17KG
520*315*300mm
18KG
19KG
34
442*218*179mm
20KG
24KG
598*218*179mm
35KG
580*315*300mm
22KG
26KG
37KG
Status LEDs / Status LEDs+LCD
1 Year
45KG
45KG
740*315*300mm
47KG
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APS Series Inverter & Charger & AVR
Electrical Specifications
Model
Inverter
Output
Continuous Output
Power
Surge Rating(20s)
Capable of Starting
Electric Motor
Output Waveform
Nominal Efficiency
Line Mode Efficiency
Power Factor
Nominal Output Voltage
rms
Output Voltage
Regulation
Output Frequency
Short Circuit Protection
Typical transfer Time
THD
APS
1KW
APS
1.5KW
APS
2KW
APS
3KW
APS
4KW
APS
5KW
APS
6KW
1000W
1500W
2000W
3000W
4000W
5000W
6000W
3000W
4500W
6000W
9000W
12000W
15000W
18000W
1HP
1.5HP
2HP
3HP
4HP
5HP
6HP
Pure Sine wave/Same as input(Bypass mode)
>88%(Peak)
>95%
0.9-1.0
100-110-120Vac / 220-230-240Vac
±10% RMS
50/60Hz ±0.3Hz
Yes, Current Limit Function (Fault after 1sec)
10ms(Max)
< 10%
12.0Vdc
( *2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc)
10.0Vdc
10.5Vdc / 11.0Vdc
10.0Vdc / 10.5Vdc
Nominal Input Voltage
DC Input
Minimum Start Voltage
Low Battery Alarm
Low Battery Trip
High Voltage Alarm &
Fault
High DC Input Recovery
Low Battery Voltage
Recover
Idle
Consumption-Search
Mode
16.0Vdc
15.5Vdc
13.0Vdc
< 25 W when Power Saver On
Input Voltage Range
Input Frequency Range
Charge
Output Voltage
Charger Breaker Rating
Max Charge Rate
Over Charge Protection
Shutdown
Battery type
Gel U.S.A
10A
Narrow: 100~135VAC / 194~243VAC;
Wide: 90~135VAC / 164~243VAC;
Narrow: 47-55±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 57-65±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:43±0.3Hz plus for 50Hz/60Hz
Depends on battery type
10A
10A
20A
20A
30A
15A to 85A ±5A , depending on models
15.7V for 12Vdc ( *2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc)
Fast Vdc
14.0
35
Float Vdc
13.7
30A
Yiyuan Electric Co., Ltd
www.yiyen.com
A.G.M 1
A.G.M 2
Sealed Lead Acid
Gel Euro
Open Lead Acid
Calcium
De-sulphation
Remote Control
Input Voltage Waveform
Nominal Voltage
Low Voltage Trip
Low Voltage re engage
High Voltage Trip
High Voltage re engage
Max Input AC Voltage
Nominal Input
Frequency
Bypass &
Protection
14.1
14.6
14.4
14.4
14.8
15.1
15.5 for 4hrs
Yes. Optional
Sine wave (Grid or Generator)
120Vac
230Vac
80V/90V±4%
184V/154V±4%
90V/100V±4%
194V/164V±4%
140V±4%
253V±4%
135V±4%
243V±4%
150VAC
270VAC
50Hz or 60Hz (Auto detect)
Narrow: 47±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 57±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:40±0.3Hz for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 48±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 58±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:45±0.3Hz for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 55±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 65±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide: No up limit for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 54±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 64±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide: No up limit for 50Hz/60Hz
Low Freq Trip
Low Freq re engage
High Freq Trip
High Freq re engage
AVR
Function
Output Short circuit
protection
Bypass breaker rating
Transfer switch rating
Max bypass current
Input AC Voltage Range
Stabilized Output
Voltage
Nominal Voltage
(A) Line Low loss N/W
(On Battery)
(B) Line Low comeback
N/W (On Boost)
(C) Line 2nd boost
threshold (On Boost)
(D) Line 2nd boost
comeback (On Boost)
(E) Line 1st boost
threshold (On Boost)
(F) Line 1st boost
comeback (On Normal)
(G) Line buck comeback
(On Normal)
13.4
13.7
13.6
13.8
13.3
13.6
Circuit breaker
10A
15A
20A
30amp for UL & TUV
30amp
90-140V±4%
30A
30A
120VAC±10% rms
40A
40A
40amp for UL
40amp
154-253V±4%
230VAC±10% rms
110Vac
120Vac
220Vac
230Vac
240Vac
84/72
92/78
168/143
176/150
183/156
89/77
97/83
178/153
186/160
193/166
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
99
108
198
207
216
103
112
205
215
225
118
128
235
246
256
36
Yiyuan Electric Co., Ltd
(H) Line buck threshold
(On Buck)
(I) Line high comeback
(On Buck)
(J) Line high loss (On
Battery)
Mounting
Inverter
Dimensions(L*W*H)
Inverter Weight
Mechanical
Shipping
Specification
Dimensions(L*W*H)
Shipping Weight
Display
Standard Warranty
www.yiyen.com
121
132
242
253
264
127
139
253
266
278
132
144
263
276
288
Wall mount
382*218*179mm
16KG
17KG
520*315*300mm
18KG
19KG
37
442*218*179mm
20KG
24KG
580*315*300mm
598*218*179mm
35KG
45KG
45KG
740*315*300mm
22KG
26KG
37KG
Status LEDs / Status LEDs+LCD
1 Year
47KG
47KG
Yiyuan Electric Co., Ltd
www.yiyen.com
APV Series Inverter & Solar Charger
Electrical Specifications
Model
Inverter
Output
Continuous Output Power
Surge Rating(20s)
Capable of Starting Electric
Motor
Output Waveform
Nominal Efficiency
Line Mode Efficiency
Power Factor
Nominal Output Voltage rms
Output Voltage Regulation
Output Frequency
Short Circuit Protection
Typical transfer Time
THD
APV
1KW
1000W
3000W
APV
1.5KW
1500W
4500W
APV
2KW
2000W
6000W
APV
3KW
3000W
9000W
APV
4KW
4000W
12000W
APV
5KW
5000W
15000W
APV
6KW
6000W
18000W
1HP
1.5HP
2HP
3HP
4HP
5HP
6HP
Pure Sine wave/Same as input(Bypass mode)
>88%(Peak)
>95%
0.9-1.0
100-110-120Vac / 220-230-240Vac
±10% RMS
50/60Hz ±0.3Hz
Yes, Current Limit Function (Fault after 1sec)
10ms(Max)
< 10%
12.0Vdc
( *2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc)
10.0Vdc
10.5Vdc / 11.0Vdc
10.0Vdc / 10.5Vdc
16.0Vdc
15.5Vdc
13.0Vdc
Nominal Input Voltage
DC Input
Minimum Start Voltage
Low Battery Alarm
Low Battery Trip
High Voltage Alarm & Fault
High DC Input Recovery
Low Battery Voltage Recover
Idle Consumption-Search
Mode
< 25 W when Power Saver On
Input Voltage Range
Input Frequency Range
Charge
Output Voltage
Charger Breaker Rating
Max Charge Rate
Over Charge Protection
Shutdown
Battery type
Gel U.S.A
A.G.M 1
A.G.M 2
Sealed Lead Acid
Gel Euro
Open Lead Acid
Calcium
10A
Narrow: 100~135VAC / 194~243VAC;
Wide: 90~135VAC / 164~243VAC;
Narrow: 47-55±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 57-65±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:43±0.3Hz plus for 50Hz/60Hz
Depends on battery type
10A
10A
20A
20A
30A
15A to 85A ±5A , depending on models
15.7V for 12Vdc ( *2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc)
Fast Vdc
14.0
14.1
14.6
14.4
14.4
14.8
15.1
38
Float Vdc
13.7
13.4
13.7
13.6
13.8
13.3
13.6
30A
Yiyuan Electric Co., Ltd
www.yiyen.com
De-sulphation
Remote Control
Input Voltage Waveform
Nominal Voltage
Low Voltage Trip
Low Voltage re engage
High Voltage Trip
High Voltage re engage
Max Input AC Voltage
Nominal Input Frequency
15.5 for 4hrs
Yes. Optional
Sine wave (Grid or Generator)
120Vac
230Vac
80V/90V±4%
184V/154V±4%
90V/100V±4%
194V/164V±4%
140V±4%
253V±4%
135V±4%
243V±4%
150VAC
270VAC
50Hz or 60Hz (Auto detect)
Narrow: 47±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 57±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:40±0.3Hz for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 48±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 58±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide:45±0.3Hz for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 55±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 65±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide: No up limit for 50Hz/60Hz
Narrow: 54±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 64±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Wide: No up limit for 50Hz/60Hz
Low Freq Trip
Bypass &
Protection
Low Freq re engage
High Freq Trip
High Freq re engage
Output Short circuit
protection
Bypass breaker rating
Transfer switch rating
Max bypass current
Rated Voltage
Rated Charge Current
Rated Output Current
Self Consumption
Bulk Charge
Floating Charge
Equalization Charge
Solar Charger
Over Charge Disconnection
Over Charge Recovery
Over Discharge
Disconnection
Over Discharge Reconnection
Temperature Compensation
Ambient Temperature
Mounting
Inverter Dimensions(L*W*H)
Inverter Weight
Mechanical Shipping
Specifications Dimensions(L*W*H)
Shipping Weight
Display
Standard Warranty
Circuit breaker
10A
15A
20A
30amp for UL & TUV
30amp
30A
30A
40A
40A
40amp for UL
40amp
12V/24V
60A
15A
< 10mA
14.5V(default)
13.5V(default)
14.0V(default)
14.8V
13.6V
( *2 for 24Vdc)
10.8 V(default)
21KG
12.3V
- 13.2mV/℃
0-40℃(full load) 40-60℃(derating)
Wall mount
598*218*179mm
470*190*340mm
22kg
23KG
27KG
38KG
48KG
49KG
740*315*300mm
23KG
24kg
25KG
29KG
40KG
Status LEDs / Status LEDs+LCD
1 Year
※Specifications in this manual are subject to change without prior notice.
39
530*240*390mm
50KG
51KG
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