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ERserver
Hardware Maintenance Manual
xSeries 220 Type 8646
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ERserver
Hardware Maintenance Manual
xSeries 220 Type 8646
Note:
Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read the general
information under “Notices” on page 145.
First Edition (August, November 2001)
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION ″AS IS″ WITHOUT
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some
jurisdictions do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this
statement may not apply to you.
This publication could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the
information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make
improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time.
This publication was developed for products and services offered in the United States of America. IBM may not
offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in other countries, and the information is subject
to change without notice. Consult your local IBM representative for information on the products, services, and
features available in your area.
Requests for technical information about IBM products should be made to your IBM reseller or IBM marketing
representative.
© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2001. All rights reserved.
US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract
with IBM Corp.
About this manual
This manual contains diagnostic information, a Symptom-to-FRU index, service
information, error codes, error messages, and configuration information for the
xSeries 220.
Important: This manual is intended for trained servicers who are familiar with
IBM PC Server products. Before servicing an IBM product, be sure to
review “Safety information” on page 111.
Important safety information
Be sure to read all caution and danger statements in this book before performing
any of the instructions.
Leia todas as instruções de cuidado e perigo antes de executar qualquer operação.
Prenez connaissance de toutes les consignes de type Attention et
Danger avant de procéder aux opérations décrites par les instructions.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
iii
Lesen Sie alle Sicherheitshinweise, bevor Sie eine Anweisung ausführen.
Accertarsi di leggere tutti gli avvisi di attenzione e di pericolo prima di effettuare
qualsiasi operazione.
Lea atentamente todas las declaraciones de precaución y peligro ante de llevar a
cabo cualquier operación.
Online support
Use the World Wide Web (WWW) to download Diagnostic, BIOS Flash, and Device
Driver files.
File download address is:
http://www.ibm.com/pc/support
iv
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Contents
About this manual . . . . . . . . . . iii
Important safety information
Online support . . . . .
General checkout
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General information
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Features and specifications. . . . .
Server features. . . . . . . . .
Reliability, availability, and serviceability
Server controls and indicators . . .
Turning on the server . . . . .
Turning off the server . . . . .
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Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Diagnostic tools overview . . . . .
POST . . . . . . . . . . . .
POST beep codes . . . . . . .
POST error messages . . . . . .
POST error log . . . . . . . .
Small computer system interface messages
Diagnostic programs and error messages
Text messages . . . . . . . .
Starting the diagnostic programs . .
Viewing the test log . . . . . .
Diagnostic error messages . . . .
Power checkout . . . . . . . . .
Recovering BIOS . . . . . . . .
Identifying problems using status LEDs .
Front panel and system board LEDs .
Diagnostic LEDs. . . . . . . .
Replacing the battery . . . . . . .
Temperature checkout . . . . . . .
Diagnosing errors . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting the Ethernet controller
Ethernet controller messages. . . .
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System board internal cable connectors . . . .
System board external port connectors . . . .
System board jumpers and switches . . . . .
Before you begin . . . . . . . . . . . .
System reliability considerations . . . . . . .
Rotating the stabilizing feet . . . . . . . . .
Removing the side cover . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the bezel . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the support bracket assembly . . . . .
Working with adapters . . . . . . . . . .
Adapter considerations . . . . . . . . .
Installing an adapter . . . . . . . . . .
Installing internal drives . . . . . . . . . .
Internal drive bays . . . . . . . . . . .
Preinstallation steps (all bays) . . . . . . .
Installing a drive in bay 1, 2, 3, or 4 . . . . .
Installing a non-hot-swap hard disk drive in bay
5, 6, or 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive in bay 5, 6,
or 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing memory modules . . . . . . . . .
Installing and removing a microprocessor . . . .
Installing a microprocessor . . . . . . . .
Removing a microprocessor . . . . . . . .
Installing the bezel . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the cover . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting external options . . . . . . . . .
I/O connector locations . . . . . . . . . .
Input/output ports . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parallel port . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial ports . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Universal Serial Bus ports . . . . . . . .
Keyboard port . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auxiliary-device (pointing device) port . . . .
Video port . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SCSI port . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet port . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
FRU information (service only) . . . . 79
Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program . .
Starting the Configuration/Setup Utility program
Choices available from the Configuration/Setup
main menu . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using passwords . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the SCSISelect utility program . . . . . .
Starting the SCSISelect utility program . . . .
Choices available from the SCSISelect menu . .
Using the PXE boot agent utility program . . . .
Starting the PXE boot agent utility program . .
Choices available from the PXE boot agent menu
Button kit . . . . . . . .
Hot-swap hard disk drive cage .
Hot-swap backplane . . . .
Power supply . . . . . .
Rear fan . . . . . . . .
System board . . . . . . .
CD-ROM drive . . . . . .
Floppy disk drive . . . . .
Bezel release latch . . . . .
Top/side cover . . . . . .
Handle assembly . . . . .
Adapter retainer . . . . . .
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Installing options . . . . . . . . . . 39
Major components of the xSeries 220 server
System board . . . . . . . . . . .
System board options connectors . . .
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
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Symptom-to-FRU index
Beep symptoms . .
No beep symptoms .
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v
Diagnostic error codes . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Error symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
POST error codes . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
System board LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . 105
ServeRAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Undetermined problems . . . . . . . . . . 105
Parts listing, Type 8646 . . . . . . . 107
System . .
Keyboards .
Power cords .
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Related service information . . . . . 111
vi
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Safety information . . . . . . . . .
General safety . . . . . . . . .
Electrical safety . . . . . . . . .
Safety inspection guide . . . . . .
Handling static-sensitive devices . . .
Grounding requirements. . . . . .
Safety notices (multi-lingual translations)
Send us your comments! . . . . . .
Problem determination tips. . . . . .
Notices . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . .
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146
General checkout
The server diagnostic programs are stored in upgradable read-only memory (ROM)
on the system board. These programs are the primary method of testing the major
components of the server: The system board, Ethernet controller, video controller,
RAM, keyboard, mouse (pointing device), diskette drive, serial ports, hard drives,
and parallel port. You can also use them to test some external devices. See
“Diagnostic programs and error messages” on page 12.
Also, if you cannot determine whether a problem is caused by the hardware or by
the software, you can run the diagnostic programs to confirm that the hardware is
working properly.
When you run the diagnostic programs, a single problem might cause several error
messages. When this occurs, work to correct the cause of the first error message.
After the cause of the first error message is corrected, the other error messages
might not occur the next time you run the test.
A failed system might be part of a shared DASD cluster (two or more systems
sharing the same external storage device(s)). Prior to running diagnostics, verify
that the failing system is not part of a shared DASD cluster.
A system might be part of a cluster if:
v The customer identifies the system as part of a cluster.
v One or more external storage units are attached to the system and at least one of
the attached storage units is additionally attached to another system or
unidentifiable source.
v One or more systems are located near the failing system.
If the failing system is suspected to be part of a shared DASD cluster, all
diagnostic tests can be run except diagnostic tests which test the storage unit
(DASD residing in the storage unit) or the storage adapter attached to the storage
unit.
Notes:
1. For systems that are part of a shared DASD cluster, run one test at a time in
looped mode. Do not run all tests in looped mode, as this could enable the
DASD diagnostic tests.
2. If multiple error codes are displayed, diagnose the first error code displayed.
3. If the computer hangs with a POST error, go to the “Symptom-to-FRU index”
on page 91.
4. If the computer hangs and no error is displayed, go to “Undetermined
problems” on page 105.
5. Power supply problems, see “Power checkout” on page 15 and
“Symptom-to-FRU index” on page 91.
6. Safety information, see “Safety information” on page 111.
7. For intermittent problems, check the error log; see “POST error messages” on
page 12.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
1
1. IS THE SYSTEM PART OF A CLUSTER?
YES. Schedule maintenance with the customer. Shut down all systems related to
the cluster. Run storage test.
NO. Go to step 2.
2. IF THE SYSTEM IS NOT PART OF A CLUSTER:
v Power-off the computer and all external devices.
v Check all cables and power cords.
v Set all display controls to the middle position.
v Power-on all external devices.
v Power-on the computer.
v Record any POST error messages displayed on the screen. If an error is
displayed, look up the first error in the “POST error codes” on page 99.
v Check the diagnostic LED panel system error LED; if on, see “Front panel
and system board LEDs” on page 17.
v Check the System Error Log. If an error was recorded by the system, see
“Symptom-to-FRU index” on page 91.
v Start the Diagnostic Programs. See “Diagnostic programs and error
messages” on page 12.
v Check for the following responses:
a. One beep.
b. Readable instructions or the Main Menu.
3. DID YOU RECEIVE BOTH OF THE CORRECT RESPONSES?
NO. Find the failure symptom in “Symptom-to-FRU index” on page 91.
YES. Run the Diagnostic programs. If necessary, refer to “Diagnostic programs and
error messages” on page 12.
If you receive an error, go to“Symptom-to-FRU index” on page 91.
If the diagnostics completed successfully and you still suspect a problem, see
“Undetermined problems” on page 105.
2
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
General information
The IBM«
xSeries 220 is an affordable solution for entry-level server
applications. It is ideally suited for networking environments that require superior
microprocessor performance, efficient memory management, flexibility, and large
amounts of reliable data storage.
The IBM xSeries 220 server comes with a limited warranty and IBM Server Start
Up Support. If you have access to the World Wide Web, you can obtain up-to-date
information about the server model and other IBM server products at the following
World Wide Web address: http://www.ibm.com/eserver/xseries/
Cover-release
latch
Key lock
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
3
Features and specifications
This section provides a summary of the features and specifications of the xSeries
220 server.
Microprocessor:
v Intel® Pentium® III microprocessor with MMX™ technology and SIMD
extensions
v 256 or 512 KB ECC, Level-2 cache
v 133 MHz front-side bus (FSB)
v Support for up to two microprocessors
Memory:
v Standard: 128 or 256 MB
v Maximum: 4 GB
v Type: 133 MHz, ECC, SDRAM, registered DIMMs
v Slots: 4 DIMM connectors, noninterleaved
Drives standard:
v Diskette: 1.44 MB
v CD-ROM: 20x-48X IDE
v Supports hot-swap SCSI hard disk drives (some models)
Expansion bays:
v Two 5.25-in. bays (one CD-ROM drive installed)
v Two 3.5-in. bays (one diskette drive installed)
v Three 3.5-in. slim bays available in drive cage (some models have a hard disk
drive installed)
PCI expansion slots:
v Three 33 MHz/64-bit
v Two 33 MHz/32-bit
Power supply:
One 330 watt autosensing (115-230 V ac)
Video:
v S3 video controller (integrated on system board)
v Compatible with SVGA and VGA
v 8 MB SDRAM video memory
Size
v Height: 470 mm (18.5 in.)
v Depth: 508 mm (20 in.)
v Width: 165 mm (6.5 in.)
v Weight: approximately 19.5 kg (43 lb.) when fully configured or 15.9 kg (35 lb.)
minimum
Integrated functions:
v Ultra160 SCSI low voltage differential (LVD) controller
v One 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Intel Ethernet controller on the system board with
Wake on LAN® support
v Automatic BIOS Recovery (ABR)
v Automatic Server Restart (ASR)
v Two serial ports
4
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
v
v
v
v
v
v
Parallel port
Two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports
Keyboard port
Mouse port
IDE controller port
Video port
Acoustical noise emissions:
v Sound power, idling: 5.1 bel maximum
v Sound power, operating: 5.5 bel maximum
Environment:
v Air temperature:
– Server on: 10° to 35° C (50.0° to 95.0° F). Altitude: 0 to 914 m (2998.7 ft)
– Server on: 10° to 32° C (50.0° to 89.6° F). Altitude: 914 m (2998.7 ft) to 2133 m
(6998.0 ft)
– Server off: 10° to 43° C (50.0° to 109.4° F). Maximum altitude: 2133 m (6998.0
ft)
v Humidity:
– Server on: 8% to 80%
– Server off: 8% to 80%
Heat output:
Approximate heat output in British thermal units (Btu) per hour
v Minimum configuration: 341 Btu (100 watts)
v Maximum configuration: 1604 Btu (470 watts)
Electrical input:
v Sine-wave input (50-60 Hz) required
v Input voltage low range:
– Minimum: 100 V ac
– Maximum: 127 V ac
v Input voltage high range:
– Minimum: 200 V ac
– Maximum: 240 V ac
v Input kilovolt-amperes (kVA), approximately:
– Minimum: 0.08 kVA
– Maximum: 0.52 kVA
Server features
The design of the server takes advantage of advancements in symmetric
multiprocessing (SMP), data storage, and memory management. The server
combines:
v Impressive performance using an innovative approach to SMP
The server supports up to two Pentium III microprocessors. The server comes
with one microprocessor installed; you can install an additional microprocessor
to enhance performance and provide SMP capability.
v Large system memory
The memory bus in the server supports up to 4 GB of non-interleaved system
memory. The memory controller provides error correcting code (ECC) support
General information
5
for up to four industry-standard PC133, 3.3 V, 168-pin, 8-byte, registered,
synchronous-dynamic-random access memory (SDRAM) dual inline memory
modules (DIMMs).
v System-management capabilities
System-management software is included with the server to manage the
functions of the server locally and remotely. Refer to the documentation that
comes with the system-management software for more information.
v Integrated network environment support
The server comes with an Ethernet controller on the system board. This Ethernet
controller supports the Wake on LAN function and has an interface for
connecting to 10-Mbps or 100-Mbps networks. The server automatically selects
between 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX environments. The controller provides
full-duplex (FDX) capability, which allows simultaneous transmission and
reception of data on the Ethernet local area network (LAN).
v IBM ServerGuide™ CDs
The ServerGuide CDs that are included with the server provide programs to
help you set up the server and install the network operating system (NOS). The
ServerGuide program detects the hardware options that are installed, and
provides the correct configuration programs and device drivers. In addition, the
ServerGuide CDs include a variety of application programs for the server.
Reliability, availability, and serviceability
Three of the most important considerations in server design are reliability,
availability, and serviceability (RAS). The RAS factors help to ensure the integrity
of the data that is stored on the server, the availability of the server when it is
needed; and the ease with which problems can be diagnosed and repaired.
The following is an abbreviated list of the RAS features that e server supports:
v Automatic Server Restart (ASR) after a power failure or system hang
v Automatic BIOS Recovery (ABR) which enables the server to recover if the BIOS
is defective or becomes corrupt
v Cyclic redundancy check (CRC) checking on the small computer system interface
(SCSI) bus, the diskette interface, and the Universal Serial Bus (USB)
v Parity checking on the keyboard, serial, and memory interface
v Microprocessor Built In Self Test (BIST) with internal error checking
v Diagnostic light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
v
v
v
v
Error checking and correcting (ECC) memory
Error codes, messages, and logs
Hard disk drive Predictive Failure Analysis (PFA)
Menu-driven setup, system configuration, optional redundant array of
independent disks (RAID) configuration, and diagnostic programs
v Optional IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter subsystem to provide control for
remote system management
v Wake on LAN function through onboard Ethernet controller
v
v
v
v
v
6
Power and temperature monitoring
Power-on self-test (POST)
Processor serial number access
System error logging (POST)
Upgradeable basic input/output system (BIOS) code and diagnostics
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
v Vital product data (VPD) on memory, system board, and hot-swap drive
backplane
Server controls and indicators
This section identifies the controls and indicators on the front of the server.
Ethernet speed 100 Mbps
Cover-release latch
CD-ROM
eject button
CD-ROM drive
activity light
Diskette-eject
button
Diskette drive
activity light
SCSI
activity light
Power-on
light
Power-control
button
System error
light
Key lock
Ethernet transmit/receive activity
CD-ROM eject button: Press this button to release a CD from the drive.
CD-ROM drive activity light: When this light is on, it indicates that the CD-ROM
drive is in use.
Diskette-eject button: Press this button to release a diskette from the drive.
Diskette-drive activity light: When this light is on, it indicates that the diskette
drive is in use.
SCSI activity light: When this green light is flashing, the controller is accessing a
SCSI device, for example, a hard disk drive.
Note: Hot-swap hard disk drives also have an activity light. This light is also
known as the SCSI hard disk drive activity light.
If the server has a ServeRAID™ controller installed and this light flashes slowly
(one flash per second), the drive is being rebuilt. When the light flashes rapidly
(three flashes per second), the controller is identifying the drive.
Power-on light: When this green light is on, system power is present in the server.
General information
7
Power-control button: Press this button to manually turn the server on or off.
System error light: When this amber light is on, it indicates that a system error has
occurred. An amber error light on the interior of the server, adjacent to the faulty
component, will also be on to further isolate the error. (For more information, see
“Diagnostics” on page 11.)
Cover-release latch: Slide this lever to release the cover.
Key lock: Use the key that comes with your server to unlock the over.
Turning on the server
Turning on the server refers to the act of plugging the power cord of your server
into the power source and starting the operating system.
After you plug the power cord of your server into the power supply and an
electrical outlet, the server can start in any of the following ways:
v You can press the power-control button on the front of the server to start the
server.
Note: After you plug the power cord of your server into an electrical outlet,
wait approximately 20 seconds before pressing the power-control button.
During this time, the system is initializing; therefore, the power-control
button does not respond.
v If the server is turned on and a power failure occurs, the server will start
automatically when power is restored.
v The Wake on LAN feature will turn on the server at the set time (when a Magic
Packet is received), provided that all of the following conditions are met:
– AC power is present.
– The server is either off or shut down from an Advanced Configuration and
Power Interface (ACPI) operating system.
– The Wake on LAN feature is enabled in the Configuration/Setup Utility
program.
Notes:
1. For additional information on the Wake on LAN function, adapters, and
cables, refer to the documentation that comes with the adapters.
2. See “Ethernet port” on page 74 for information on Ethernet controllers and
adapters, and Wake on LAN PCI adapters.
v If the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in your server, the Remote
Supervisor Adapter can turn on the server.
v The server has an Automatic BIOS Recovery (ABR) feature which allows
recovery from defective BIOS in some cases.
v The server provides Automatic Server Restart (ASR) logic that supports
restarting the system when there is an operating system hang.
Notes:
1. you can install a circular disk over the power-control button to prevent
accidental manual power-off. The disk, known as the power-control button
shield, comes with your server.
2. See “Choices available from the Configuration/Setup main menu” on page 30
for a description of the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
3. See “System board options connectors” on page 40 for connector locations.
8
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Turning off the server
Turning off the server refers to the act of disconnecting the server from the power
source.
Statement 5
CAUTION:
The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current from
the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power source.
2
1
You can turn off the server in any of the following ways:
v You can press the power-control button on the top of the server. This starts an
orderly shutdown of the operating system, if this feature is supported by your
operating system.
Note: After turning off the server, wait at least five seconds before you press the
power-control button to turn on the server again.
v You might need to press and hold the power-control button for more than four
seconds to cause an immediate shutdown of the server and to force the power
off. You can use this feature if the operating system stops functioning.
v You can disconnect the server power cords from the electrical outlets to shut off
all power to the server.
Note: After disconnecting the power cords, wait approximately 15 seconds for
your system to stop running. Watch for the power-on light to stop
blinking.
General information
9
10
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Diagnostics
This section provides basic troubleshooting information to help you resolve some
common problems that might occur with the server.
If you cannot locate and correct the problem using the information in this section,
refer to “Symptom-to-FRU index” on page 91 for more information.
Diagnostic tools overview
The following tools are available to help you identify and resolve hardware-related
problems:
v POST beep codes, error messages, and error logs
The power-on self-test (POST) generates beep codes and messages to indicate
successful test completion or the detection of a problem. See “POST” for more
information.
v Diagnostic programs and error messages
The server diagnostic programs are stored in upgradable read-only memory
(ROM) on the system board. These programs are the primary method of testing
the major components of the server. See “Diagnostic programs and error
messages” on page 12 for more information.
v Diagnostic LEDs
The server has light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to help you identify problems with
server components. These LEDs are part of the diagnostics that are built into the
server. See “Diagnostic LEDs” on page 17 for more information.
POST
When you turn on the server, it performs a series of tests to check the operation of
server components and some of the options installed in the server. This series of
tests is called the power-on self-test or POST.
If POST finishes without detecting any problems, a single beep sounds and the
first screen of the operating system or application program appears.
If POST detects a problem, more than one beep sounds and an error message
appears on the screen. See “POST beep codes” and “POST error messages” on
page 12 for more information.
Notes:
1. If you have a power-on password set, you must type the password and press
Enter, when prompted, before POST will continue.
2. A single problem might cause several error messages. When this occurs, work
to correct the cause of the first error message. After you correct the cause of the
first error message, the other error messages usually will not occur the next
time you run the test.
POST beep codes
Beep codes are sounded in a series of beeps. For example, a 1-2-4 beep code
sounds like one beep, a pause, two consecutive beeps, another pause, and four
more consecutive beeps.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
11
v One beep indicates the successful completion of POST.
v More than one beep indicates that POST detected a problem. For more
information, see “Beep symptoms” on page 91.
POST error messages
POST error messages occur during startup when POST finds a problem with the
hardware or detects a change in the hardware configuration. For a list of POST
errors, see “POST error codes” on page 99.
POST error log
The POST error log contains the three most recent error codes and messages that
the system generated during POST.
To view the contents of the error logs, start the Configuration/Setup Utility
program (see “Starting the Configuration/Setup Utility program” on page 29); then,
select Error Logs from the main menu.
Small computer system interface messages
The following table lists actions to take if you receive a SCSI error message.
Note: If your server does not have a hard disk drive, ignore any message that
indicates that the BIOS is not installed.
You will get these messages only when running the SCSISelect Utility.
Table 1. SCSI messages
SCSI Messages
Description
All
One or more of the following might be causing the problem.
v A failing SCSI device (adapter, drive, controller)
v An improper SCSI configuration
v Duplicate SCSI IDs in the same SCSI chain
v An improperly installed SCSI terminator
v A defective SCSI terminator
v An improperly installed cable
v A defective cable
Action: Verify that:
v The external SCSI devices are turned on. External SCSI devices must
be turned on before the server.
v The cables for all external SCSI devices are connected correctly.
v The last device in each SCSI chain is terminated properly.
v The SCSI devices are configured correctly.
If the above items are correct, run the diagnostic programs to obtain
additional information about the failing device.
Diagnostic programs and error messages
The server diagnostic programs are stored in upgradable read-only memory (ROM)
on the system board. These programs are the primary method of testing the major
components of the server.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Diagnostic error messages indicate that a problem exists; they are not necessarily
intended to be used to identify a failing part. Troubleshooting and servicing of
complex problems that are indicated by error messages should be performed by
trained service personnel.
Sometimes the first error to occur causes additional errors. In this case, the server
displays more than one error message. Always follow the suggested action
instructions for the first error message that appears.
The following sections contain the error codes that might appear in the detailed
test log and summary log when running the diagnostic programs.
The error code format is as follows:
fff-ttt-iii-date-cc-text message
where:
fff
is the three-digit function code that indicates the function being tested
when the error occurred. For example, function code 089 is for the
microprocessor.
ttt
is the three-digit failure code that indicates the exact test failure that was
encountered.
iii
is the three-digit device ID.
date
is the date that the diagnostic test was run and the error recorded.
cc
is the check digit that is used to verify the validity of the information.
text message
is the diagnostic message that indicates the reason for the problem.
Text messages
The diagnostic text message format is as follows:
Function Name: Result (test specific string)
where:
Function Name
is the name of the function being tested when the error occurred.
This corresponds to the function code (fff) given in the previous
list.
Result
can be one of the following:
Passed
This result occurs when the diagnostic test completes
without any errors.
Failed This result occurs when the diagnostic test discovers an
error.
User Aborted
This result occurs when you stop the diagnostic test before
it is complete.
Not Applicable
This result occurs when you specify a diagnostic test for a
device that is not present.
Diagnostics
13
Aborted
This result occurs when the test could not proceed because
of the system configuration.
Warning
This result occurs when a possible problem is reported
during the diagnostic test, such as when a device that is to
be tested is not installed.
Test Specific String
This is additional information that you can use to analyze the
problem.
Starting the diagnostic programs
You can press F1 while running the diagnostic programs to obtain Help
information. You also can press F1 from within a help screen to obtain online
documentation from which you can select different categories. To exit Help and
return to where you left off, press Esc.
To start the diagnostic programs:
1. Turn on the server and watch the screen.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When the message F2 for Diagnostics appears, press F2.
Type in the appropriate password; then, press Enter.
Select either Extended or Basic from the top of the screen.
When the Diagnostic Programs screen appears, select the test you want to run
from the list that appears; then, follow the instructions on the screen.
Notes:
a. If the server stops during testing and you cannot continue, restart the server
and try running the diagnostic programs again.
b. The keyboard and mouse (pointing device) tests assume that a keyboard
and mouse are attached to the server.
c. If you run the diagnostic programs with no mouse attached to the server,
you will not be able to navigate between test categories using the Next Cat
and Prev Cat buttons. All other functions provided by mouse-selectable
buttons are also available using the function keys.
d. You can test the USB by using the regular keyboard test. The regular mouse
test can test a USB mouse. Also, you can run the USB interface test only if
there are no USB devices attached.
e. You can view server configuration information (such as system
configuration, memory contents, interrupt request (IRQ) use, direct memory
access (DMA) use, device drivers, and so on) by selecting Hardware Info
from the top of the screen.
When the tests have completed, you can view the Test Log by selecting Utility
from the top of the screen.
If the hardware checks out OK but the problem persists during normal server
operations, a software error might be the cause. If you suspect a software problem,
refer to the information that comes with the software package.
Viewing the test log
The test log will not contain any information until after the diagnostic program has
run.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Note: If you already are running the diagnostic programs, begin with step 3 .
To view the test log:
1. Turn on the server and watch the screen.
If the server is on, shut down the operating system and restart the server.
2. When the message F2 for Diagnostics appears, press F2.
If a power-on password is set, the server prompts you for it. Type in the
appropriate password; then, press Enter.
3. When the Diagnostic Programs screen appears, select Utility from the top of
the screen.
4. Select View Test Log from the list that appears; then, follow the instructions on
the screen.
The system maintains the test-log data while the server is powered on. When
you turn off the power to the server, the test log is cleared.
Diagnostic error messages
For descriptions of the error messages that might appear when you run the
diagnostic programs, see “Diagnostic error codes” on page 94. If diagnostic error
messages appear that are not listed in those tables, make sure that the server has
the latest levels of BIOS, ServeRAID, and diagnostics microcode installed.
Power checkout
Power problems can be difficult to troubleshoot. For instance, a short circuit can
exist anywhere on any of the power distribution busses. Usually a short circuit will
cause the power subsystem to shut down because of an overcurrent condition.
A general procedure for troubleshooting power problems is as follows:
1. Power off the system and disconnect the AC cord(s).
2. Check for loose cables in the power subsystem. Also check for short circuits, for
instance if there is a loose screw causing a short circuit on a circuit board.
3. Remove adapters and disconnect the cables and power connectors to all
internal and external devices until system is at minimum configuration
required for power on (see ″Minimum operating requirements″ on page 106).
4. Reconnect the AC cord and power on the system. If the system powers up
successfully, replace adapters and devices one at a time until the problem is
isolated. If system does not power up from minimal configuration, replace
FRUs of minimal configuration one at a time until the problem is isolated.
To use this method it is important to know the minimum configuration required
for a system to power up (see page 106).
Recovering BIOS
The flash memory of the server consists of a primary BIOS page and a backup
BIOS page. The server has an Automatic BIOS Recovery (ABR) feature which
allows recovery when the BIOS is damaged (e.g. BIOS is damaged when the server
loses power during the flash update). When the ABR feature finds the primary
BIOS damaged, circuitry switches to the backup BIOS and restarts the system. If
the primary BIOS has become damaged, ABR will proceed and boot the backup
BIOS and the system will function normally. However, the primary BIOS should be
updated using a BIOS flash diskette as soon as possible. The flash diskette always
Diagnostics
15
updates the primary BIOS. The backup BIOS can be updated by moving the
primary BIOS to the backup BIOS page during the diskette flash update process.
The ABR feature can be disabled with the jumper J20; this action is not normally
required.
Note: You can obtain a BIOS flash diskette from one of the following sources:
v Use the ServerGuide program to make a BIOS flash diskette.
v Download a BIOS flash diskette from the World Wide Web. Go to
http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/, select IBM Server Support, and
make the selections for your server.
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
recover the BIOS, do the following:
Shutdown the server
Insert the BIOS flash diskette into the diskette drive.
Restart the server. The system begins the power-on self-test (POST).
Follow the on-screen instructions to update the BIOS.
Restart the server when the flash update is complete.
Another jumper, J38, can be used to force the system to boot from the backup
POST/BIOS (manually boot to backup BIOS). Normally this action is not required,
but if the primary BIOS is damaged, and ABR is not functioning properly, the
jumper can be moved for troubleshooting purposes. If jumper J38 is in the backup
page position, the ABR feature is disabled, regardless of the jumper J20 position,
and the system will boot from the backup BIOS page.
To manually boot to backup BIOS and recover primary BIOS:
1. Turn off the server and peripheral devices and disconnect power cords and all
external cables; then, remove the cover.
2. Locate jumper J38 on the system board.
Switch block
Flash ROM
page-swap
jumper (J38)
1
2
3
3. Move J38 to the ″lo″ setting (pins 1 and 2) to enable BIOS recovery mode
(manual boot).
4. Reconnect the power cord.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Insert the BIOS flash diskette in the diskette drive.
Restart the server. The system begins the power-on self-test (POST).
Follow the on-screen instructions to update the BIOS.
Turn off the server and unplug the power cord when the flash update is
complete.
9. Move jumper J38 to the ″hi″ setting (pins 2 and 3) to return to normal startup
mode.
10. Re-connect the power cord and all external cables and re-install the cover.
11. Restart the server
5.
6.
7.
8.
Identifying problems using status LEDs
The server has LEDs to help you identify problems with some server components.
These LEDs are part of the diagnostics that are built into the server. Use the
illuminated LEDs to identify the failing or incorrectly installed components.
Front panel and system board LEDs
The system error LED is on the front panel inside the server. All of the remaining
error LEDs are on the system board, adjacent to the failing components. See
“Diagnostic LEDs” for information on identifying problems using these LEDs.
The meanings of these LEDs are as follows:
CPU 1
Microprocessor number 1 (connector U12) fault
CPU 2
Microprocessor number 2 (connector U11) fault
Fan 1
Fan number 1 (connector J10) failure (see note 1)
Fan 2
Fan number 2 (connector J18) failure (see note 1)
Fan 3
Fan number 3 (connector J3) failure (see note 1)
Fan 4
Fan number 4 (connector J2) failure (see note 1)
DIMM 1
DIMM number 1 (connector DIMM 1) fault
DIMM 2
DIMM number 2 (connector DIMM 2) fault
DIMM 3
DIMM number 3 (connector DIMM 3) fault
DIMM 4
DIMM number 4 (connector DIMM 4) fault
VRM 1
Microprocessor VRM number 1 (connector J42) fault (see note 1)
VRM 2
Microprocessor VRM number 2 (connector J12) fault (see note 1)
Notes:
1. The fan and VRM LEDs will illuminate only if the IBM Remote Supervisor
Adapter is installed in the server.
2. The server does not support user-replaceable power supplies or fans.
Diagnostic LEDs
You can use the diagnostic LEDs built into the server to quickly identify the type
of system error that occurred. The server is designed so that LEDs remain
illuminated when the server shuts down, as long as the power supply is operating
properly. This feature helps you to isolate the problem if an error causes the server
to shut down. To correct specific problems, see “Symptom-to-FRU index” on
page 91.
Diagnostics
17
Table 2. Diagnostic LEDs
System Error LED System board
(on front panel)
LED
Cause
Action
On
None
The system error log is 75% or more
full or a Predictive Failure Analysis
(PFA) alert was logged. This could
also be caused by a Processor
terminal problem.
Check the system error log and
correct any problems. See “Choices
available from the
Configuration/Setup main menu” on
page 30 for more information about
clearing the error log. Disconnecting
the server from all power sources
for at least 20 seconds will turn off
the system error LED. Check
mounting of the processor sink fans.
DIMM1, DIMM2,
DIMM3, or
DIMM4
A memory error occurred.
1. Check the DIMM error LEDs on
the system board.
CPU1 or CPU2
One of the microprocessors has
failed, or a microprocessor is
installed incorrectly.
A system error
was detected.
Check to see
which of the LEDs
on the system
board are on.
On
On
2. Replace the DIMM indicated by
the lit DIMM error LED.
1. Check the microprocessor error
LEDs on the system board. If a
microprocessor error LED is on
for a microprocessor connector
that has a terminator card
installed instead of a
microprocessor, the
microprocessors are not installed
in the correct order. See
“Installing and removing a
microprocessor” on page 61 for
information about the correct
order for installing
microprocessors. Otherwise,
continue with the next step.
2. Turn off the server, reseat the
microprocessor indicated by the
lit microprocessor LED, and
restart the server.
3. If the problem persists, replace
the microprocessor.
On
18
Fan 1, Fan 2, Fan
3, or Fan 4
One of the fans has failed or is
operating too slowly.
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
The LED on the failing fan will be
lit. Replace the fan with the lit LED.
Table 2. Diagnostic LEDs (continued)
System Error LED System board
(on front panel)
LED
Cause
On
One of the microprocessor VRMs
1. Check the microprocessor VRM
has failed, or a microprocessor VRM
error LEDs on the system board.
is installed in the wrong connector.
If a microprocessor VRM error
LED is on for a microprocessor
VRM connector that has a
terminator card installed instead
of a microprocessor, the
microprocessor VRMs are not
installed in the correct order. See
“Installing and removing a
microprocessor” on page 61 for
information about the correct
order for installing
microprocessor VRMs.
Otherwise, continue with the
next step.
VRM1 or VRM2
Action
2. Turn off the server, reseat the
microprocessor VRM indicated
by the lit microprocessor VRM
error LED, and restart the server.
3. If the problem persists, replace
the microprocessor VRM.
Off
None
The diagnostic LEDs have not
detected a system error.
None
Replacing the battery
When replacing the battery you must replace it with a lithium battery of the same
type, from the same manufacturer. To avoid possible danger read and follow the
safety statement below.
To order replacement batteries, call 1-800-772-2227 within the United States, and
1-800-465-7999 or 1-800-465-6666 within Canada. Outside the U.S. and Canada, call
your IBM reseller or IBM marketing representative.
Note: After you replace the battery, you must reconfigure the server and reset the
system date and time.
Diagnostics
19
CAUTION:
When replacing the battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an equivalent
type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has a module
containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module type made by
the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can explode if not
properly used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
v Throw or immerse into water
v Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
v Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
Do the following to replace the battery:
1. Read “System reliability considerations” on page 44, and follow any special
handling and installation instructions supplied with the replacement battery.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices and disconnect power cords and all
external cables; then, remove the server cover.
3. Do the following to remove the battery:
a. Use one fingernail to press the top of the battery clip away from the battery.
b. Use your thumb and index finger to lift the battery from the socket.
c. Ensure that the battery clip is touching the base of the battery socket by
pressing gently on the clip.
4. Do the following to insert the new battery:
a. Tilt the battery so that you can insert it into the socket on the side opposite
the battery clip.
b. Press the battery down into the socket until it clicks into place. Make sure
the battery clip holds the battery securely.
5. Reinstall the server cover and connect all device and signal cables, and then
power cords.
6. Turn on the server.
7. Start the BIOS Setup Utility program and set configuration parameters.
v Set the system date and time.
v Set passwords if necessary.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
v Save the configuration.
Temperature checkout
Proper cooling of the system is important for proper operation and system
reliability. For a typical IBM xSeries server, you should make sure:
v Each of the drive bays has either a drive or a filler panel installed
v The cover is in place during normal operation
v There is at least 50 mm (2 inches) of ventilated space at the sides of the server
and 100 mm (4 inches) at the rear of the server
v The cover is removed for no longer than 30 minutes while the server is
operating
v A removed hot-swap drive is replaced within two minutes of removal
v Cables for optional adapters are routed according to the instructions provided
with the adapters (ensure that cables are not restricting air flow)
v The fans are operating correctly and the air flow is good
v A failed fan is replaced within 48 hours
In addition, ensure that the environmental specifications for the system are met.
See “Features and specifications” on page 4.
Diagnosing errors
To find solutions to problems that have definite symptoms, see “Error symptoms”
on page 97.
If you cannot find the problem there, go to “Starting the diagnostic programs” on
page 14 to test the server.
If you have just added new software or a new option and the server is not
working, do the following before using the error symptoms table:
v Remove the software or device that you just added.
v Run the diagnostic tests to determine if the server is running correctly.
v Reinstall the new software or new device.
Troubleshooting the Ethernet controller
This section provides troubleshooting information for problems that might occur
with the 10/100 Mbps Ethernet controller.
Network connection problems
If the Ethernet controller cannot connect to the network, check the following:
v Make sure that the cable is installed correctly.
The network cable must be securely attached at all connections. If the cable is
attached but the problem persists, try a different cable.
If you set the Ethernet controller to operate at 100 Mbps, you must use Category
5 cabling.
If you directly connect two workstations (without a hub), or if you are not using
a hub with X ports, use a crossover cable.
Note: To determine whether a hub has an X port, check the port label. If the
label contains an X, the hub has an X port.
Diagnostics
21
v Determine if the hub supports auto-negotiation. If not, try configuring the
integrated Ethernet controller manually to match the speed and duplex mode of
the hub.
v Check the LAN activity light on the rear of the server. The LAN activity light
illuminates when the Ethernet controller sends or receives data over the Ethernet
network. If the LAN activity light is off, make sure that the hub and network are
operating and that the correct device drivers are loaded.
v Make sure that you are using the correct device drivers, supplied with your
server.
v Check for operating system-specific causes for the problem.
v Make sure that the device drivers on the client and server are using the same
protocol.
v Test the Ethernet controller.
How you test the Ethernet controller depends on which operating system you
are using (see the Ethernet controller device driver README file).
Ethernet controller troubleshooting chart
You can use the following troubleshooting chart to find solutions to 10/100 Mbps
Ethernet controller problems that have definite symptoms.
Table 3. Ethernet troubleshooting chart
Ethernet
controller
problem
Suggested Action
The server stops
running when
loading device
drivers.
The PCI BIOS interrupt settings are incorrect.
Check the following:
v Determine if the interrupt (IRQ) setting assigned to the Ethernet
controller is also assigned to another device in the
Configuration/Setup Utility program.
Although interrupt sharing is allowed for PCI devices, some devices
do not function well when they share an interrupt with a dissimilar
PCI device. Try changing the IRQ assigned to the Ethernet controller
or the other device. For example, for NetWare Versions 3 and 4 it is
recommended that disk controllers not share interrupts with LAN
controllers.
v Make sure that you are using the most recent device driver available
from the World Wide Web.
v Run the network diagnostic program.
22
The LAN activity
light does not
light.
Check the following:
v Make sure that you have loaded the network device drivers.
v The network might be idle. Try sending data from this workstation.
v Run diagnostics on the LEDs.
v The function of this LED can be changed by device driver load
parameters. If necessary, remove any LED parameter settings when
you load the device drivers.
Data is incorrect
or sporadic.
Check the following:
v Make sure that you are using Category 5 cabling when operating
the server at 100 Mbps.
v Make sure that the cables do not run close to noise-inducing sources
like fluorescent lights.
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Table 3. Ethernet troubleshooting chart (continued)
Ethernet
controller
problem
Suggested Action
The Ethernet
controller stopped
working when
another adapter
was added to the
server.
Check the following:
v Make sure that the cable is connected to the Ethernet controller.
v Make sure that your PCI system BIOS is current.
v Reseat the adapter.
v Determine if the interrupt (IRQ) setting assigned to the Ethernet
adapter is also assigned to another device in the
Configuration/Setup Utility program.
Although interrupt sharing is allowed for PCI devices, some devices
do not function well when they share an interrupt with a dissimilar
PCI device. Try changing the IRQ assigned to the Ethernet adapter
or the other device.
The Ethernet
controller stopped
working without
apparent cause.
Check the following:
v Run diagnostics for the Ethernet controller.
v Try a different connector on the hub.
v Reinstall the device drivers. Refer to your operating-system
documentation and to the ServerGuide information.
Ethernet controller messages
The integrated Ethernet controller might display messages from the following
device drivers:
v Novell¬ NetWare¬ or IntraNetWare Server ODI
v NDIS Adapter for level 4.0 (Microsoft« Windows NT«)
Novell NetWare or IntraNetWare server ODI driver teaming
messages
This section provides explanations of the error messages for the Novell NetWare or
IntraNetWare server ODI driver, and suggested actions to resolve each problem.
Table 4. NetWare driver messages for the Ethernet controller
Message
Description
Couldn’t allocate
resources
Explanation: An unknown error has occurred when trying to
allocate needed resources for the AFT Module. Action:
v Check the server configuration. If the problem persists, contact
your network supplier.
v Verify that the Ethernet controller is enabled. If the Ethernet
controller is enabled, run the diagnostic programs.
AFT group for primary Explanation: An attempt was made to rebind an adapter already
adapter in slot nnn
in an AFT group. Action: Check the AFT slot numbers for existing
already exists.
AFT teams. If the problem persists, contact your network supplier.
Error locating DCT
addresses in internal
table. Make sure that
you have loaded LAN
drivers after loading
AFT.NLM.
Explanation: The bind command was entered prior to loading the
device driver. The device driver must be loaded after loading
AFT.NLM but before any bind command can be issued. Action:
Load the driver for the supported adapter and try loading the
AFT module again. If the problem persists, contact your network
supplier.
Insufficient number of
arguments specified.
Explanation: The appropriate or expected number of parameters
was not entered in a command. Action: Check the parameters
required for the given command. If the problem persists, contact
your network supplier.
Diagnostics
23
Table 4. NetWare driver messages for the Ethernet controller (continued)
Message
Description
Duplicate slot numbers Explanation: An attempt has been made to bind the same slot
detected.
number more than once. Action: Check the slot numbers entered
during the bind. Adapter slot numbers must be valid and unique.
If the problem persists, contact your network supplier.
’Xxx’ is not supported
for AFT team.
Explanation: A bind command has been issued for adapters not
supported by AFT.NLM. Action: Make sure that you attempt to
bind only adapters supported by AFT.NLM.
Primary and
Secondary adapters do
not match. AFT group
is not created.
Explanation: A bind command was entered for an adapter team
that is a combination of server and client adapters. An AFT team
must be a grouping of the same classification of adapter. Action:
Verify that all the adapters bound in a team are of the same
classification.
Requested number of
Secondary cards are
not found.
Explanation: The number of adapters specified in the bind
command could not be located. Action: Verify the numbers and
slot locations of the adapters to be bound. If the problem persists,
contact your network supplier.
Failed to create AFT
group. Make sure that
the drivers for
supported adapters are
loaded, primary
adapter is bound to
protocols, and
secondary adapter is
not bound to any
protocols.
Explanation: Binding of protocol failed. Protocol is either not
bound to any adapter or is bound to more than one adapter in the
group. Action: Ensure that the protocol is bound to only adapter
in an AFT team.
Explanation: The mapping between the board name entered and
Error identifying slot
the slot number for an adapter could not be established. Action:
numbers for the
specified board names. Check the board name for the adapter before issuing the bind
command. If the problem persists, contact your network supplier.
Can’t unbind specified
slot from AFT group.
Make sure that the slot
you specified is for the
primary adapter in an
AFT group.
Explanation: The number entered in the unbind command was
not the primary adapter in an AFT group. Action: Reissue the
unbind command and specify the slot number for the primary
adapter.
LAN adapter at slot
nnnn (Port 0xaa) failed
to reset. Check the
state of the adapter.
Explanation: The adapter that you specified could not be
initialized. Action:
1. Load the driver for the supported adapter.
2. Check that the adapter is seated properly in the slot and try
loading the AFT module again.
If the problem persists, contact your network supplier.
24
AFT is not supported
on this version of
NetWare¬.
Explanation: The NetWare on your server is not a version
supported by AFT. Action: Load and bind AFT only on supported
versions of NetWare (currently version 4.11 and above).
Failed to allocate
resources tags.
Explanation: An unknown error has occurred when trying to
allocate needed resources for the AFT module. Action: Check
Server Configuration. If the problem persists, contact your
network supplier.
Please unload all LAN
drivers before
unloading AFT.NLM.
Explanation: An attempt was made to unload the AFT.NLM
module before unloading the adapter driver. Action: Unload the
adapter driver before unloading the AFT module.
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
NDIS 4.0 (Microsoft« Windows NT«) driver messages
This section contains the error messages for the NDIS 4.0 drivers. The explanation
and recommended action are included with each message.
Table 5. NDIS (Windows NT or Windows« 2000) driver messages for the Ethernet controller
Error code
(hex)
Description
0x00
Explanation: The driver could not register the specified interrupt. Action:
Using the Configuration/Setup Utility, make sure that a PCI interrupt is
assigned to your Ethernet card, and that Ethernet is enabled.
0x01
Explanation: One of the PCI cards did not get the required resources. Action:
Using the Configuration/Setup Utility, make sure that a PCI interrupt is
assigned to your Ethernet card, and that Ethernet is enabled.
0x02
Explanation: Bad node address (multicast address). Action: Make sure the
locally administered address is valid, if one is specified. The address can not
be a multicast address.
0x03
Explanation: Failed self-test. Action: Make sure a cable is attached to the
Ethernet connector.
0x0D
Explanation: Could not allocate enough memory for transmit queues. Action:
1. From the Windows NT desktop, select Start -> Control Panel ->
Networks -> Adapters.
2. Select your IBM Ethernet adapter from the list.
3. Select Properties -> Advanced.
4. Lower the resource values that apply to the transmit queue.
0x0E
Explanation: Could not allocate enough memory for receive queue. Action:
1. From the Windows NT desktop, select Start -> Control Panel ->
Networks -> Adapters.
2. Select your IBM Ethernet adapter from the list.
3. Select Properties -> Advanced.
4. Lower the resource values that apply to the receive queue.
0x0F
Explanation: Could not allocate enough memory for other structures. Action:
1. From the Windows NT desktop, select Start -> Control Panel ->
Networks -> Adapters.
2. Select your IBM Ethernet adapter from the list.
3. Select Properties -> Advanced.
4. Lower the value for the resource named in the message.
0x10
Explanation: Did not find any Ethernet controllers. Action: Using the
Configuration/Setup Utility, make sure that Ethernet is enabled.
0x11
Explanation: Multiple Ethernet controllers found, but none matched the
required ID. Action: Using the Configuration/Setup Utility, make sure that
Ethernet is enabled.
0x13
Explanation: Did not find any Ethernet controllers that matched the required
subven/subdev. Action: Using the Configuration/Setup Utility, make sure
that Ethernet is enabled.
0x16
Explanation: Single adapter found but multiple instances tried to load.
Action: Using the Configuration/Setup Utility, make sure that Ethernet is
enabled, and that the slot containing the IBM Netfinity 10/100 Ethernet
Adapter or the IBM 10/100 EtherJet¬ PCI adapter is enabled.
0x17
Explanation: Slot parameter not specified in the registry. Action: Remove the
adapter driver and reinstall it. If the problem persists, call for service.
Diagnostics
25
Ethernet teaming messages:
Table 6. NDIS (Windows NT or Windows 2000) driver teaming messages for the Ethernet
controller
26
Event ID
Type
Description
01
Error
Explanation: Team Name and physical adapter name are the
same. This is an invalid configuration. Action: Reconfigure the
adapter team by double-clicking the PROSet icon in the
control panel.
02
Error
Explanation: Unable to allocate required resources. Action:
Free some memory resources and restart.
03
Error
Explanation: Unable to read required registry parameters.
Action: Reconfigure the adapter team by double-clicking the
PROSet icon in the control panel.
04
Error
Explanation: Unable to bind to physical adapter. Action:
Reconfigure the adapter team by double-clicking the PROSet
icon in the control panel.
05
Error
Explanation: Unable to initialize an adapter team. Action:
Reconfigure the adapter team by double-clicking the PROSet
icon in the control panel.
06
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Primary adapter is initialized. Action:
None.
07
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Secondary adapter is initialized. Action:
None.
08
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Virtual adapter or Team is initialized.
Action: None.
09
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Primary adapter is switching over.
Action: None.
10
Warning
11
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Secondary adapter took over. Action:
None.
12
Warning
13
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Secondary adapter has rejoined the
Team. Action: None.
14
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Secondary adapter link is up. Action:
None.
15
Error
16
Informational Explanation: Team nn. An adapter has re-established the link.
Network connection has been restored. Action: None.
17
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Preferred primary adapter has been
detected. Action: None.
18
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Preferred secondary adapter has been
detected. Action: None.
Explanation: Team nn. Adapter link down. Action: Make sure
the adapter is functioning properly.
Explanation: Team nn. Secondary adapter is deactivated from
the Team. Action: Make sure the secondary adapter is
functioning properly and that the adapter cable is securely
connected to the LAN.
Explanation: Team nn. The last adapter has lost its link.
Network connection has been lost. Action: Shut down the
server and replace the adapters; then, restart the server to
reestablish the connection.
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Table 6. NDIS (Windows NT or Windows 2000) driver teaming messages for the Ethernet
controller (continued)
Event ID
Type
Description
19
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Preferred primary adapter took over.
Action: None.
20
Informational Explanation: Team nn. Preferred secondary adapter took over.
Action: None.
21
Warning
Explanation: Team nn. Primary adapter does not sense any
Probes. Possible reason: partitioned Team. Action: Make sure
the cables of the adapter team are connected to the same LAN
segment. Reconfigure the team if necessary.
Diagnostics
27
28
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Configuration
The following configuration programs are provided with the server:
v Configuration/Setup Utility
This program is part of the basic input/output system (BIOS) that comes with the
server. You can use this program to configure serial and parallel port
assignments, change interrupt request (IRQ) settings, change the drive startup
sequence, set the date and time, and set passwords. See “Using the
Configuration/Setup Utility program” for more information.
v SCSISelect Utility
With the built-in SCSISelect Utility program, you can configure the devices
attached to the integrated SCSI controller. See “Using the SCSISelect utility
program” on page 35 for more information.
v PXE Boot Agent Utility
The Preeboot eXecution Environment (PXE) Boot Agent Utility program is part
of the BIOS code that comes with your server. You can use this program to
change network startup (boot) protocols and startup (boot) order, to select
operating system wake up support, and to set menu wait times. See “Using the
PXE boot agent utility program” on page 37 for more information.
Attention: The network startup protocols and startup order are not supported
on this product.
v ServerGuide CDs
The ServerGuide CDs include software setup and installation tools specifically
designed for IBM xSeries servers. You can use these CDs during the initial
installation of the server to configure the server hardware and simplify the
network operating system installation. The ServerGuide CDs also contain a
collection of application programs, which you can install after the server is up
and running.
v ServeRAID programs
The ServeRAID programs come with the optional ServeRAID adapters. If the
server has a ServeRAID adapter installed, you must use the ServeRAID
configuration program to define and configure the disk-array subsystem before
you install the operating system. Refer to the ServeRAID documentation
provided on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD.
Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program
This section provides instructions for starting the Configuration/Setup Utility
program and descriptions of the menu choices available.
Starting the Configuration/Setup Utility program
To start the Configuration/Setup Utility program, do the following:
1. Turn on the server and watch the monitor screen.
2. When the message Press F1 for Configuration/Setup appears, press F1.
Notes:
a. You can set an administrator password through the Configuration/Setup
Utility program only if the optional system management adapter is installed
in your server.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
29
b. If you have set both levels of passwords (user and administrator), you must
type the administrator password to access the full Configuration/Setup
Utility menu.
3. Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
Choices available from the Configuration/Setup main menu
From the Configuration/Setup Utility main menu, you can select settings that you
want to change. The Configuration/Setup Utility main menu is similar to the
following:
IBM Setup - © IBM Corporation 2001
Configuration/Setup Utility
· System Summary
· System Information
· Devices and I/O Ports
· Date and Time
· System Security
· Start Options
s Advanced Setup
· Error Logs
Save Settings
Restore Settings
Load Default Settings
Exit Setup
<F1> Help
<Esc> Exit
< ­ > < ¯ > Move
<Enter> Select
Notes:
1. You can press F1 to display help information for a selected menu item.
2. The choices on some menus might differ slightly from the ones that are
described in this book, depending on the BIOS version in the server.
Descriptions of the choices that are available from the main menu are as follows:
v System Summary
Select this choice to display configuration information. This includes the type
and speed of the microprocessors and the amount of memory that is installed.
Changes that you make to configuration settings appear on this summary
screen. You cannot edit the fields.
This choice appears on both the full and limited Configuration/Setup Utility
menus.
v System Information
Select this choice to display information about the server. Changes that you
make on other menus might appear on this summary screen. You cannot edit
any fields. The System Information choice appears only on the full
Configuration/Setup Utility main menu.
– Product Data
Select this choice to view system information, such as the machine type and
model, the server serial number, and the revision level or issue date of the
BIOS that is stored in the flash electrically erasable programmable ROM
(EEPROM).
v Devices and I/O Ports
30
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Select this choice to view or change the assignments for devices and
input/output ports. This choice appears only on the full Configuration/Setup
Utility main menu.
v Date and Time
Select this choice to set the system date and time.
The system time is in a 24-hour format (hour:minute:second).
v System Security
Select this choice to set passwords. This choice appears only on the full
Configuration/Setup Utility main menu.
You can implement two levels of password protection:
– Power-on Password
Select this choice to set or change a power-on password. See “Using
passwords” on page 33 for more information.
– Administrator Password
Note: This choice is available on the Configuration/Setup Utility menu only
if the optional system management adapter is installed in your server.
Select this choice to set or change an administrator password.
Attention: If an administrator password is set and then forgotten, it cannot be
overridden or removed. You must replace the system board.
The administrator password provides access to all choices on the
Configuration/Setup Utility main menu. You can set, change, or delete both
the administrator and power-on passwords, and allow a power-on password
to be changed by the user.
See“Using passwords” on page 33 for more information.
v Start Options
Select this choice to view or change the start options. Start options take effect
when you start your server.
You can select keyboard operating characteristics, such as the keyboard speed.
You also can specify whether the server starts with the keyboard number lock on
or off, and you can enable the server to run without a diskette drive, monitor, or
keyboard.
The server uses a startup sequence to determine the device from which the
operating system starts. For example, you can define a startup sequence that
checks for a startable diskette in the diskette drive, then checks the hard disk
drive in bay 1, and then checks a network adapter.
If you have the appropriate Wake on LAN software installed and enabled in the
server, the server uses the alternative startup sequence instead of the primary
startup sequence. The default for Wake on LAN is Disabled.
If the Boot Fail Count choice is enabled, you can restore the BIOS system
defaults after three consecutive boot failures. If this choice is disabled, the BIOS
system defaults can only be loaded from the Configuration/Setup Utility main
menu.
You can enable a virus-detection test that checks for changes in the master boot
record at startup. You also can select to run POST in the enhanced mode or the
quick mode.
v Advanced Setup
Configuration
31
Select this choice to change values for advanced hardware features, such as
cache control, and PCI configuration.
A message appears above the choices on this menu to alert you that the system
might malfunction if these options are configured incorrectly. Follow the
instructions on the screen carefully.
– Processor Serial Number Access
Select this choice to specify whether the microprocessor serial number in the
microprocessor is readable.
– System Partition Visibility
Select this choice to specify whether the System Partition is visible. To make
the System Partition visible, set this value to Visible. To make the System
Partition invisible, set this value to Hidden. See the ServerGuide CDs
provided with the server for additional information on the System Partition.
– Core Chipset Control
Select this choice to modify settings that control features of the core chip set
on the system board.
– Cache Control
Select this choice to enable or disable the microprocessor cache. In addition,
you can define the microprocessor cache type as write-back (WB) or
write-through (WT). Selecting write-back mode provides better system
performance.
– Memory Settings
Select this choice to manually disable or enable a bank of memory.
If a memory error is detected during POST or memory configuration, the
server can automatically disable the failing memory bank and continue
operating with reduced memory capacity. If this occurs, you must manually
enable the memory bank after the problem is corrected. Select Memory
Settings from the Advanced Setup menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the
bank that you want to enable; then, use the arrow keys to select Enable.
Note: If a memory error is detected during normal operation, System
Management Interrupt (SMI) can disable the memory.
– PCI Bus Control
Note: If the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in your server, this
feature is disabled; in this case, the PCI Bus Control choice is not
available on the Configuration/Setup Utility menu.
Select this choice to assign IRQs and program the master latency timer.
– PCI Slot/Device Information
Note: This choice is available on the Configuration/Setup Utility menu only
if the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in your server.
Select this choice to view and identify system resources that are used by PCI
devices. PCI devices automatically communicate with the server configuration
information. This usually results in automatic configuration of a PCI device.
Attention: You must use the menu selections to save custom settings for the
PCI Slot/Device Information choice. The Save Settings, Restore Settings, and
Load Default Settings choices on the main menu of the Configuration/Setup
Utility do not save the PCI Slot/Device Information settings.
32
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
After making changes, select:
- Save and exit the PCI Utility to save the changes and return to the
Advanced Setup choice.
- Exit the PCI Utility without saving changes to discard the changes, retain
the current settings, and return to the Advanced Setup choice.
v Error Log
Select this choice to view or clear error logs.
– Select POST Error Log to view the three most recent error codes and
messages that the system generated during POST.
– Select Clear error logs to clear the error logs.
Note: If you have a Remote Supervisor Adapter installed, you can select and
view the System Error Log.
v Save Settings
Select this choice to save the customized settings.
v Restore Settings
Select this choice to discard the changes and retain the current settings.
v Load Default Settings
Select this choice to discard the changes and restore the factory settings.
v Exit Setup
If you have made any changes, the program will prompt you to save the
changes or exit without saving the changes.
Using passwords
The System Security choice appears only on the full Configuration/Setup Utility
menu. After you select this choice, you can implement two levels of password
protection: power-on password and administrator password.
Power-on password
Select this choice to set a power-on password.
You can use any combination of up to seven characters (A–Z, a–z, and 0–9) for
your power-on password. Keep a record of your password in a secure place. If you
forget the power-on password, you can regain access to the server through one of
the following methods:
v If an administrator password has been set, enter the administrator password at
the power-on prompt. (If necessary, see “Administrator password” on page 34
for details.) Start the Configuration/Setup Utility program and change the
power-on password.
v Start the Configuration/Setup Utility program, and change the power-on
password.
v Change the position of the password-override switch as described in “Setting the
password-override switch”.
v Remove the battery and then reinstall the battery.
Setting the password-override switch: The following illustration shows the
location of the password-override switch (switch 8, which is the switch farthest to
Configuration
33
the right, on switch block 1) on the system board.
Power-on
password-override
switch (switch 8 of
switch block 1)
To set the password-override switch, do the following:
1. Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices and disconnect power cords and
then all external cables; then, remove the cover. See “Removing the side cover”
on page 45.
3. Change the setting of the password-override switch (switch 8 on switch block 1
on the system board) to the opposite side of the switch. This bypasses the
power-on password.
4. Install the server cover (see “Installing the cover” on page 65) and connect all
external cables and power cords.
5. Restart the server.
Notes:
1. If you want the server to ask for a password when you turn it on, you can start
the Configuration/Setup Utility program and set the power-on password.
2. Changing the position of the password-override switch does not affect the
administrator password check if an administrator password has been set.
Administrator password
Note: This choice is available on the Configuration/Setup Utility menu only if the
IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in your server.
Select this choice to set an administrator password. The administrator password
provides access to all choices on the Configuration/Setup Utility main menu. You
can set, change, or delete both the administrator and power-on passwords, and
allow a power-on password to be changed by the user.
Attention: If an administrator password is set and then forgotten, it cannot be
overridden or removed. You must replace the system board.
34
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
The following table provides a summary of the password features.
Table 7. Power-on and administrator password features
Type of password
Results
Power-on password
v Enter the password to complete the system startup.
v All choices are available on the Configuration/Setup Utility
main menu.
Administrator password v No password is required to start the system.
v Enter the password to access the Configuration/Setup Utility
program.
v All choices are available on the Configuration/Setup Utility
main menu.
Administrator and
power-on password
v You can enter either password to complete the system startup.
v The administrator password provides access to all choices on
the Configuration/Setup Utility main menu. You can set,
change, or delete both the administrator and power-on
passwords, and allow a power-on password to be changed by
the user.
v The power-on password provides access to a limited set of
choices on the Configuration/Setup Utility main menu. This
limited access might include changing or deleting the
power-on password.
Using the SCSISelect utility program
SCSISelect is a built-in, menu-driven configuration utility program that you can
use to:
v View the default SCSI IDs
v Locate and correct configuration conflicts
The following sections provide instructions for starting the SCSISelect utility and
descriptions of the menu choices that are available.
Note: If your server has a RAID adapter installed, use the configuration method
that is supplied with the RAID adapter to view or change SCSI settings for
devices attached to the adapter.
Starting the SCSISelect utility program
Complete the following steps to start the SCSISelect utility program:
1. Turn on the server.
2. When the <<< Press <CTRL><A> for SCSISelect¬ Utility! >>> prompt
appears, press Ctrl+A.
3. When the Would you like to configure the host adapter or run the SCSI
disk utility? question appears, make your selection and press Enter.
4. Use the arrow keys to select a choice from the menu:
v Press Esc to return to the previous menu.
v Press the F5 key to switch between color and monochrome modes (if your
monitor permits).
5. Follow the instructions on the screen to change the settings of the selected
items; then, press Enter.
Configuration
35
Choices available from the SCSISelect menu
The following choices appear on the SCSISelect Utility menu:
v Configure/View Host Adapter Settings
Select this choice to view or change the SCSI controller settings. To reset the
SCSI controller to its default values, press F6; then, follow the on-screen
instructions.
You can view or change the following controller settings:
– Host Adapter SCSI ID
Select this choice to view the SCSI controller ID, which is usually 7.
– SCSI Parity Checking
Select this choice to view the assigned value of Enabled.
– Host Adapter SCSI Termination
Select this choice to view the assigned value of Enabled.
– Boot Device Options
Select this choice to configure startable-device parameters. Before you can
make updates, you must know the ID of the device whose parameters you
want to configure.
– SCSI Device Configuration
Select this choice to configure SCSI-device parameters. Before you can make
updates, you must know the ID of the device whose parameters you want to
configure.
Note: The Maximum Sync Transfer Rate is the transfer rate for Ultra SCSI
devices.
- The transfer rate for Ultra 160 LVD devices is 160.0 MBps.
- The transfer rate for Ultra2 SCSI LVD devices is 80.0 MBps.
- The transfer rate for Fast SCSI devices is 20.0 MBps.
– Advanced Configuration Options
Select this choice to view or change the settings for advanced configuration
options. These options include enabling support for large hard disk drives
and support for drives with UltraSCSI speeds.
v SCSI Disk Utilities
Select this choice to view the SCSI IDs that are assigned to each device or to
format a SCSI device.
To use the utility program, select a drive from the list. Read the screens carefully
before making a selection.
Note: If you press Ctrl+A before the selected drives are ready, an Unexpected
SCSI Command Failure screen might appear. Restart the server and watch
the SCSISelect messages as each drive starts. After the drive that you
want to view or format starts, press Ctrl+A.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Using the PXE boot agent utility program
The PXE boot agent is a built-in, menu-driven configuration utility program that
you can use to:
v Select whether or not to display setup prompt
v Set menu wait times
v Select OS wake up support
Attention: The network startup protocols and startup order options are not
supported on this product.
The following sections provide instructions for starting the PXE Boot Agent Utility
program and descriptions of the menu choices that are available.
Starting the PXE boot agent utility program
The following sections provide the instructions needed to start the PXE Boot Agent
Utility and descriptions of the available menu choices.
To start the PXE Boot Agent Utility program, do the following:
1. Turn on the server.
2. When the <Initializing Intel (R) Boot Agent version X.X.XX PXE 2.0 Build
XXX (WfM 2.0) prompt appears, press Ctrl+S.
Note: By default, you will have two seconds after the prompt appears on the
screen to press Ctrl+S.
3. Use the arrow keys or press Enter to select a choice from the menu:
v Press Esc to return to the previous menu.
v Press the F4 key to exit.
4. Follow the instructions on the screen to change the settings of the selected
items; then, press Enter.
Choices available from the PXE boot agent menu
The following choices appear on the PXE Boot Agent Utility menu:
v Network Boot Protocol
PXE is the default value for this menu item.
Note: Do not change this value. There are no other network boot protocols
supported.
v Boot Order
Select this choice to change the order in which boot devices are queried.
– Try local drives first, then network (Default)
– Try network only
– Try local drives only
– Try network first, then local drives
Note: This option is not available on this product. To change the boot order use
the Configuration/Setup utility. See “Using the Configuration/Setup
Utility program” on page 29 for more information.
v Show setup prompt
Configuration
37
Select this choice to either display the PXE setup prompt or disable it. Disable is
the default setting.
When this choice is enabled, Press Ctrl+S to enter the setup menu will appear
on the screen under the initializing prompt.
v Setup time wait menu
Select this choice to set the amount of time (in seconds) that the system will
pause during initialization for a Ctrl+S input.
– 2 seconds (Default)
– 3 seconds
– 5 seconds
– 8 seconds
v Legacy OS wake up support
Select this choice to enable or disable the operating system wake up support.
– Disabled (Default)
– Enabled
Note:
1. Use the default setting for the Advanced Configuration and Power
Interface (ACPI) aware operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows
2000 or Windows NT.
2. If your server is running a non-ACPI operating system, you must set the
selection to Enable to use the Wake on LAN support.
3. When using a non-ACPI operating system, do not send a wake up
packet to the server while it is turned on. If a wake up packet has been
sent while the server is on, you must turn off the server.
38
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Installing options
This chapter provides instructions to help you add options to the server. Some
option-removal instructions are provided, in case you need to remove one option
to install another. For a list of supported options for the server, see the
ServerProven® list at:
http://www.ibm.com/pc/compat/
Major components of the xSeries 220 server
Note: The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.
The following illustration shows the locations of major components in the server.
Microprocessor
Rear adapter
retaining bracket
EMC shields
Memory modules
Filler
panels
Drive cage
Front adapter
support bracket
Support bracket assembly
Cover
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
39
System board
The illustrations in the following sections show the components on the system
board.
System board options connectors
The following illustration identifies system-board connectors for user-installable
options.
Microprocessor 2
(U11)
Microprocessor 1
(U12)
Voltage regulator
module
(VRM) 2 (J12)
Voltage regulator
module
(VRM) 1 (J42)
DIMM 1
(J23)
DIMM 2
(J21)
DIMM 3
(J19)
DIMM 4
(J18)
PCI 1
(J29)
PCI 2
(J31)
Battery
(BH1)
PCI 5 (J40)
PCI 4 (J39)
System
management
(J32)
PCI 3 (J35)
Note: If the server and operating system support system-management functions
and, if the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in your server, the
system-management connector (J32) is dedicated for use by the Remote
Supervisor Adapter.
40
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
System board internal cable connectors
The following illustration identifies system-board connectors for internal cables.
Microprocessor 2
fan 4 (J2)
Microprocessor 1
fan 3 (J3)
Main power
(J1)
Fan 2
power
(J18)
Diskette
drive (J27)
2
DASD I C
(J43)
Fan 1
power (J10)
IDE (J30)
Fan 5 power
(J22) (not used)
SCSI channel
(J41)
System board external port connectors
The following illustration identifies system-board connectors for external devices.
Keyboard/mouse
USB
Serial B
Parallel
Serial A
Ethernet
Video
Note: For information on adding external SCSI devices to the server, see “SCSI
cabling requirements” on page 72.
Installing options
41
System board jumpers and switches
The following illustration identifies the jumpers and switches on the system board.
ABR disable
jumper (J20)
Ethernet
(J16)
Switch block
ASR (J14)
Video
(J28)
NMI (J15)
Flash ROM
page-swap
jumper (J38)
SCSI (J37)
System board jumper blocks
Any jumper blocks on the system board that are not shown in the illustration are
reserved. For normal operation of the system, the default jumpers shown in the
following table should be installed. To disable the functions listed in the table,
install a jumper (Except for J38).
Table 8. Jumper descriptions
Jumper
42
Description
Default
J14
Automatic Server Restart (ASR)
No jumper
J15
Forces an NMI signal
No jumper
J16
On-board Ethernet controller
No jumper
J20
Automatic BIOS Recovery (ABR)
No jumper
J28
On-board Video controller
No jumper
J33
Reserved
J37
On-board SCSI controller
No jumper
J38
Flash ROM page jumper
Jumper pins 2 and 3
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Flash ROM Page Jumper
Switch block
Flash ROM
page-swap
jumper (J38)
1
2
3
Flash ROM page jumper (J38) determines whether primary or secondary (backup)
POST/BIOS code is used by the system to start up. The default setting for J38 is a
jumper between pins 2 and 3 (primary POST/BIOS). For backup POST/BIOS,
place a jumper between pins 1 and 2 of J38. Normally this action is not required,
but if the primary BIOS is damaged, and ABR is not functioning properly, the
jumper can be moved for troubleshooting purposes. Changing the jumper position
after system power-on is not permitted; it may cause unpredictable problems.
Note: The BIOS Flash Update Utility always updates the primary BIOS.
Automatic BIOS Recovery (ABR) Jumper
The default setting for J20 is no jumper. If it is necessary to disable ABR during
trouble shooting, install a jumper on J20.
Automatic Server Restart (ASR)
To enable Automatic Server Restart, a special device driver must be loaded. This
device driver enables the ASR watch-dog timer and then periodically resets it
(within 5 minutes). If not reset, the ASR watch-dog timer will expire and boot the
system. The watch-dog timer will re-arm itself after being reset. To disable the ASR
hardware, a jumper must be installed between pins 1 and 2 of J14. THe default is
no jumper installed (ASR enabled).
System board switch block
The switch block contains microswitches 1 through 8. As pictured in this
illustration, switch 8 is at the right of the switch block, and switch 1 is at the left.
The following table describes the function for each switch. The default setting is
Off for all switches in the switch block.
Installing options
43
Table 9. Switches 1 through 8
Switch number Switch description
8
Power-on password-override switch.
Default
Off
When toggled to the side that is opposite the default position,
bypasses the power-on password, if one is set.
7
Reserved.
Off
6
Reserved.
Off
5
Force power on.
Off
4
Reserved.
Off
3
Reserved.
Off
2
Reserved.
Off
1
Reserved.
Off
Before you begin
Before you begin to install options in the server, read the following information:
v Become familiar with the safety and handling guidelines specified under “Safety
information” on page 111, and read the safety statements in “Safety notices
(multi-lingual translations)” on page 115. ‘These guidelines will help you work
safely while working with the server or options.
v Make sure that you have an adequate number of properly grounded electrical
outlets for the server, monitor, and any other options that you intend to install.
v Back up all important data before you make changes to disk drives.
v Have a small, flat-blade screwdriver available.
v For a list of supported options for the server, refer to
http://www.ibm.com/pc/compat on the World Wide Web.
System reliability considerations
To help ensure proper cooling and system reliability, make sure:
v Each of the drive bays has either a drive or a filler panel installed.
v The cover is in place during normal operations.
v There is space around the server to allow the server cooling system to work
properly. Leave about 127 mm (5 in.) of space around the front and rear of the
server.
v Cables for optional adapters are routed according to the instructions provided
with the adapters.
v A failed fan is replaced within one hour.
Rotating the stabilizing feet
The feet attached to the bottom cover rotate 90 degrees to provide additional
stability for the server.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Place the server in an upright position; then, rotate the feet a quarter turn away
from the server. Carefully position the server on its feet.
When you need to access the inside of the server to install options, you might find
it easier to place the server on its side, so that the system board is facing you. If
you do so, rotate the feet in towards the server, so that they do not break off due
to the weight of the server.
Removing the side cover
The following information describes how to remove the side cover.
Note: The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.
Cover-release
latch
Key lock
To remove the side cover from the server, do the following:
Installing options
45
1. Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices and disconnect power cords and
then all external cables.
3. If necessary, unlock the server cover.
4. Pull out on the cover-release latch near the rear of the server cover; then, slide
the cover toward the rear of the server and remove it.
Attention: For proper cooling and airflow, replace the cover before turning
on the server. Operating the server for extended periods of time (over 30
minutes) with the cover removed might damage server components.
5. For a tower model, rotate the stabilizing feet on the bottom of the server, and
place the server on its side to install or remove components.
Removing the bezel
The following illustration shows how to remove the bezel from the server.
Note: The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.
Do the following to remove the bezel:
1. Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices and disconnect all power cords and
then all external cables.
3. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
4. Press the bezel-release latch at the top of the server to disconnect the top of the
bezel from the server.
5. Release the two tabs at the top edge of the bezel and pull the top of the bezel
slightly away from the server.
6. Pull the bezel up to release the two tabs at the bottom edge of the bezel. Store
the bezel in a safe place.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Removing the support bracket assembly
When working with some options such as hard disk drives and microprocessors,
you must first remove the support bracket assembly to access the location of the
option. The support bracket assembly consists of a support bracket, an air baffle,
and a fan.
Do the following to remove the support bracket assembly:
1. Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices and disconnect all power cords and
then all external cables.
3. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
4. Disconnect the fan cable connector (J10) from the system board. (See “System
board internal cable connectors” on page 41 for connector locations.)
Note: Remember to reconnect this cable after you reinstall the support bracket
assembly.
5. Carefully pull up on the end of the support bracket assembly that is closer to
the rear of the server; then, rotate and lift the support bracket assembly out of
the server.
6. Store the support bracket assembly in a safe place.
Installing options
47
Working with adapters
You can install up to five peripheral component interconnect (PCI) adapters in the
PCI slots on the system board of the server. See the xSeries 220 ServerProven list at
http://www.ibm.com/pc/compat/ for a list of PCI adapters that the server
supports.
The server comes with an integrated video controller, which is a component on the
system board. When you install a video adapter, the server BIOS automatically
disables the integrated video controller.
Note: The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.
The following illustration shows the location of the 33 MHz PCI slots on the
system board.
PCI slot 1 32-bit
33 MHz (J29)
PCI slot 2 32-bit
33 MHz (J31)
PCI slot 3 64-bit
33 MHz (J35)
PCI slot 4 64-bit
33 MHz (J39)
PCI slot 5 64-bit
33 MHz (J40)
Adapter considerations
Before you install adapters, review the following:
v Locate the documentation that comes with the adapter and follow those
instructions in addition to the instructions given in this chapter. If you need to
change switch or jumper settings on your adapter, follow the instructions that
come with the adapter.
v You can install full-length adapters in all PCI slots.
v You can install a 32-bit adapter in any of the PCI slots, but you might want to
install it in a 32-bit slot and use the 64-bit slots for 64-bit adapters.
v The server supports 5.0 V and universal PCI adapters; it does not support 3.3 V
adapters.
v The server uses a rotational interrupt technique to configure PCI adapters.
Because of this technique, you can install a variety of PCI adapters that currently
do not support sharing of PCI interrupts.
v The server has two PCI buses. PCI slots 1 and 2 are on PCI bus A and PCI slots
3, 4, and 5 are on PCI bus B.
Note: PCI bus A is sometimes referred to as bus 0; PCI bus B is sometimes
referred to as bus 1.
The system scans PCI slots 1 through 5 to assign system resources; then the
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
system starts (boots) the PCI devices in the following order: PCI slots 1 and 2,
system board SCSI devices, and then PCI slots 3 through 5.
v If you plan to use the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter in the server, you must
install the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter in PCI slot 2. Only PCI slot 2
supports the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter. For additional information on the
IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter, refer to the documentation that comes with the
adapter.
Installing an adapter
Expansion-slot
cover
Rear adapter
retaining
bracket
Adapter
Front adapter
support
bracket
Attention: When you handle static-sensitive devices, take precautions to avoid
damage from static electricity. For details on handling these devices, see “Handling
static-sensitive devices” on page 114.
To install an adapter, do the following:
1. Review the safety precautions in “Safety information” on page 111 and the
information in “Adapter considerations” on page 48.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices, and disconnect all power cords
and then all external cables; then, remove the side cover. See “Removing the
side cover” on page 45 for details.
3. Carefully remove the support bracket assembly from the server (see
“Removing the support bracket assembly” on page 47). Store the cover and the
support bracket assembly in a safe place.
4. Determine which PCI slot you will use for the adapter.
Note: Check the instructions that come with the adapter for any requirements
or restrictions.
Installing options
49
5. Remove the rear adapter retaining bracket from the server. If you are
installing a full-length adapter, rotate the front adapter support bracket to the
open (unlocked) position.
6. Remove the expansion-slot cover. Store it in a safe place for future use.
Attention: Expansion-slot covers must be installed on all vacant slots. This
maintains the electronic emission characteristics of the system and ensures
proper cooling of system components.
7. Refer to the documentation that comes with your adapter for any cabling
instructions. It might be easier for you to route cables before you install the
adapter.
8. Remove the adapter from the static-protective package.
Attention: Avoid touching the components and gold-edge connectors on the
adapter.
9. Place the adapter, component-side up, on a flat, static-protective surface.
10. Set any jumpers or switches as described by the adapter manufacturer.
11. Install the adapter:
a. Carefully grasp the adapter by its top edge or upper corners, and align it
with the expansion slot on the system board.
b. Press the adapter firmly into the expansion slot.
Attention: When you install an adapter in the server, be sure that it is
completely and correctly seated in the system-board connector before you
apply power. Incomplete insertion might cause damage to the system
board or the adapter.
c. When the adapter is fully seated, release the front adapter support bracket
by pushing inward on the latch. Make sure that the front adapter support
bracket holds the adapter securely in place.
d. If you opened the front adapter support bracket, rotate it to the closed
(locked) position; then, reinstall the rear adapter retaining bracket in the
server.
12. Connect any needed cables to the adapter.
Attention: Route cables so that they do not block the flow of air from the
fans.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
The following illustration shows how to reroute the SCSI cable. If you install a
ServeRAID adapter and intend to use it with hot-swap, hard disk internal
drives, remove the cable from the internal SCSI connector (J41) on the system
board and connect it to the ServeRAID adapter.
Note: You can also install a ServeRAID adapter in non-hot-swap models;
however, non-hot-swap models do not support hot-swap hard disk
drives.
SCSI cable
ServeRAID
adapter
SCSI connector
(J41)
13. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now; otherwise, replace
the support bracket assembly; then, go to “Installing the cover” on page 65.
Installing internal drives
Different types of drives allow the system to read multiple types of media and
store more data. Several types of drives are available, such as:
v Diskette (preinstalled)
v Hard disk (preinstalled on some models)
v CD-ROM (preinstalled)
v Tape
Internal drive bays
Internal drives are installed in bays. The bays of the xSeries 220 are in the front of
the server, as shown in the following illustration.
Installing options
51
Note: The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.
Bay 1
Bay 2
Bay 3
Bay 4
Bay 5
Bay 6
Bay 7
To remove or install a drive, you must turn off the server first, unless you are
removing or installing a hot-swap hard disk drive. Diskette drives, tape drives,
and CD-ROM drives are removable-media drives. You can install removable-media
drives in bays 1, 2, 3, and 4. You can install SCSI hard disk drives in bays 4, 5, 6,
and 7.
v The server comes with a 3.5-inch, 1.44 MB diskette drive in bay 3, an integrated
drive electronics (IDE) CD-ROM drive in bay 1, and a hard disk drive in bay 7
(in some models).
v The xSeries 220 server supports five 3.5-inch drives; however, the server
supports only one diskette drive.
v The diskette drive uses 1 MB and 2 MB diskettes. For optimum use, format
1 MB diskettes to 720 KB and format 2 MB diskettes to 1.44 MB.
v The xSeries 220 server supports two 5.25-inch drives and four SCSI hard disk
drives. The server does not support IDE hard disk drives. Some models support
hot-swap hard disk drives. Other models support only non-hot-swap hard disk
drives. Refer to the documentation that comes with the server for additional
information.
The server supports four 1-inch (26 mm) slim, 3.5-inch SCSI hard disk drives in
the hard disk drive bays (4, 5, 6, and 7). You can install four non-hot-swap hard
disk drives in the models that have the standard non-hot-swap drive cage. You
can install three hot-swap hard disk drives and one non-hot-swap hard disk
drive in the models that come with the hot-swap drive cage. Both the
non-hot-swap and hot-swap drive cages hold a maximum of three hard disk
drives. The drive cages comprise bays 5, 6, and 7.
v Bay 2 comes without a device installed. This bay is for a 5.25-inch, half-high,
removable-media drive, such as a tape backup drive.
v Bay 4 is for a 3.5-inch, slim, removable-media drive or SCSI hard disk drive.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Note: The electromagnetic interference (EMI) integrity and cooling of the server
are both protected by having bays 1 through 4 covered or occupied. When
you install a drive, save the filler panel from the bay, in case you later
remove the drive and do not replace it with another.
Preinstallation steps (all bays)
Before you install drives in the server, verify that you have all the cables and any
other equipment specified in the documentation that comes with the drive. You
might also need to perform certain preinstallation activities. Some of the steps are
required only during the initial installation of an option.
1. Read “Safety information” on page 111, “Handling static-sensitive devices” on
page 114, and the documentation that comes with the drive.
2. Choose the bay in which you want to install the drive.
3. Check the instructions that come with the drive to see if you need to set any
switches or jumpers on the drive.
Installing a drive in bay 1, 2, 3, or 4
EMC shield
Filler panel
To install a drive in bay 1, 2, 3, or 4, do the following:
1. Read the information in “Preinstallation steps (all bays)”.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices, disconnect all power cords and
then all external cables; then, remove the side cover (see “Removing the side
cover” on page 45 for details).
3. Insert a screwdriver into the slot on the right side of the filler panel, and
remove the filler panel from the server.
4. Insert a screwdriver into the slots on the front of the electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) shield, and remove the EMC shield from the bay.
Installing options
53
5. If the drive is a laser product, observe the following safety precaution.
Statement 3
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD-ROM drives, fiber optic
devices, or transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could
result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable
parts inside the device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than
those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
DANGER:
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the
following:
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with optical
instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
6. Touch the static-protective bag containing the drive to any unpainted metal
surface on the server; then, remove the drive from the bag and place it on a
static-protective surface.
7. Set any jumpers or switches on the drive according to the documentation that
comes with the drive.
8. Push the drive into the bay. If your drive has electronic components exposed,
pay particular attention to the angle at which you push the drive into the bay
to prevent drive damage.
9. If the drive is an IDE device, plug one connector of the IDE cable into the
back of the drive and the other end of the cable into the IDE connector (J30)
on the system board.
If the drive is a SCSI device, plug one connector of the SCSI cable into the
back of the drive and make sure that the other end of the cable is connected
to the SCSI connector (J41) on the system board.
Note: Ensure that you route the SCSI cable so that it does not block the
airflow to the rear of the drives or over the microprocessors.
10. Connect a power cable to the back of the drive. The connectors are keyed and
can be inserted only one way.
11. If you are installing another drive, do so now. Otherwise, continue with the
next step.
12. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now; otherwise, replace
the cover (see “Installing the cover” on page 65 for details).
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Installing a non-hot-swap hard disk drive in bay 5, 6, or 7
Locking tab
To install a non-hot-swap hard disk drive in bay 5, 6, or 7, do the following:
1. Read the information in “Preinstallation steps (all bays)” on page 53.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices, disconnect all power cords and
then all external cables; then, remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover”
on page 45 for details).
3. Remove the support bracket assembly (see “Removing the support bracket
assembly” on page 47).
4. Rotate the drive cage upward. If the server has a hard disk drive installed in
the drive cage, disconnect the cables from the rear of the drive.
5. Remove the plastic bag that contains the drive rails and screws from inside the
drive cage.
6. Install rails on each drive in the drive cage:
a. Pull the blue slide rails out of the plastic bag.
b. Install the screws on the sides of the drive.
c. Align the rails on the drive with the guide rails in the drive bay.
d. Push the drive into the bay until it clicks into place.
7. Reinstall the drive cage in the server. Rotate the drive cage downward until it
snaps into place.
8. Connect the SCSI and power cables to the rear of the drives.
Note: Ensure that you route the SCSI cable so that it does not block the airflow
to the rear of the drives or over the microprocessors.
9. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now; otherwise, replace
the support bracket assembly; then go to “Installing the cover” on page 65.
Installing options
55
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive in bay 5, 6, or 7
If the server is a hot-swap model, it contains hardware that you can use to replace
a failed hard disk drive without turning off the server. Therefore, you have the
advantage of continuing to operate the system while a hard disk drive is removed
or installed. These drives are known as hot-swap drives. If these drives are
connected to an optional controller, such as a ServeRAID controller, that supports
this function, and if one of these drives becomes defective, the ServeRAID
controller can rebuild the data from that drive onto another hot-swap drive. Refer
to the information that comes with the ServeRAID controller for details.
Each hot-swap drive has two indicator lights: the hard disk drive activity light and
the hard disk drive status light. When the green hard disk drive activity light is
flashing, the controller is accessing the hard disk drive. When this occurs, the SCSI
activity light on the front of the server also illuminates. The SCSI activity light is
illustrated and described in “Server controls and indicators” on page 7. If the
amber hard disk drive status light for a drive is lit continuously, that individual
drive is faulty and requires replacement. When the hard disk drive status light
indicates a drive fault, you can replace a hot-swap drive without turning off the
server.
Note: The hard disk drive activity light is also known as the SCSI hard disk drive
activity light.
Each hot-swap drive that you plan to install must be mounted in a hot-swap-drive
tray. The drive must have a single connector attachment (SCA) connector.
Hot-swap-drive trays come with hot-swap drives.
The hot-swap bays connect to a SCSI backplane. This backplane is the printed circuit
board behind the bay. The backplane controls the SCSI IDs for the hot-swap drives.
The following illustration shows the hot-swap-drive backplane component
locations, as viewed from the front of the server.
Note: The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.
Hard disk
drive activity
light (green)
Hard disk
drive status
light (amber)
SCSI hot-swap
hard disk drive
connector
Note: The hard disk drive activity light and hard disk drive status light on the
backplane match the hard disk drive activity light and hard disk drive
status light on the hot-swap drive.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
The following illustration shows the rear connectors on the hot-swap-drive
backplane, as viewed from the rear of the server.
SCSI cable
connector
SCSI power
cable connector
2
I C cable
connector
The following illustration shows how to install a hot-swap hard disk drive in the
server. When you install hot-swap hard disk drives, install them in the following
order: bay 7, bay 6, and bay 5.
Filler panel
Drive tray
assembly
Drive tray handle
(in open position)
Attention:
v When you handle static-sensitive devices, take precautions to avoid damage
from static electricity. For details on handling these devices, see “Handling
static-sensitive devices” on page 114.
v To maintain proper system cooling, do not operate the server for more than 10
minutes without either a drive or a filler panel installed in each bay.
To install a hot-swap hard disk drive in bay 5, 6, or 7, do the following:
1. Review “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
2. Read the information in “Preinstallation steps (all bays)” on page 53.
Note: You do not have to turn off the server to install hot-swap hard disk
drives in these bays.
Installing options
57
3. Remove the filler panel from one of the empty hot-swap bays by inserting your
finger into the depression at the left side of the filler panel and pulling it away
from the server.
4. Install the hard disk drive in the hot-swap bay:
a. Ensure that the tray handle is open (that is, perpendicular to the drive).
b. Align the drive tray assembly with the guide rails in the bay.
c. Gently push the drive tray assembly into the bay until the drive stops.
d. Push the tray handle to the closed (locked) position.
e. Check the hard disk drive status light to verify that the hard disk drive is
operating properly.
If the amber hard disk drive status light for a drive is lit continuously, that
individual drive is faulty and needs to be replaced. If the green hard disk
drive activity light is flashing, the drive is being accessed.
Note: If the server has a ServeRAID controller, you might need to reconfigure
the disk arrays after installing hard disk drives. Refer to the information
that comes with the ServeRAID controller.
5. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
Installing memory modules
Adding memory to the server is an easy way to make programs run faster. You
can increase the amount of memory in the server by installing options called
memory-module kits. Each kit contains one industry-standard, dual in-line memory
module (DIMM). The server uses a non-interleaved memory configuration.
The server comes with a dual in-line memory module (DIMM) that is installed on
the system board in DIMM slot 1 (labeled DIMM 1).
Notes:
1. When installing additional memory modules, install the second memory
module in the connector labeled DIMM 2, the third in DIMM 3, and the fourth
in DIMM 4. (See the following illustration for memory-connector locations.)
2. The xSeries 220 server supports 128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB , and 1 GB DIMMs.
These DIMMs can be installed in any memory slot. The server supports a
minimum of 128 MB and a maximum of 4 GB of system memory. See the
ServerProven list at http://www.ibm.com/pc/compat/ for a list of memory
modules for use with the server.
3. Installing or removing DIMMs changes the configuration information in the
server. Therefore, after installing or removing a DIMM, you must save the new
configuration information by using the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
When you restart the server, the system displays a message indicating that the
memory configuration has changed. Start the Configuration/Setup Utility
program and select Save Settings. See “Configuration” on page 29 for more
information.
4. The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
DIMM 1
DIMM connector 1
DIMM 2
DIMM connector 2
DIMM connector 3
DIMM connector 4
Attention: When you handle static-sensitive devices, take precautions to avoid
damage from static electricity. For details on handling these devices, see “Handling
static-sensitive devices” on page 114.
To install a DIMM, do the following:
1. Review the safety precautions in Statement 1 and Statement 5 in “Safety
information” on page 111.
2. Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44 and
the documentation that comes with the option.
3. Turn off the server and all attached devices, disconnect all power cords and all
external cables; then, remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on
page 45 for details).
4. Select the connector in which to install the DIMM.
5. Touch the static-protective package containing the DIMM to any unpainted
metal surface on the server. Then, remove the DIMM from the package.
Attention: To avoid breaking the retaining clips or damaging the DIMM
connectors, handle the clips gently.
6. Install the DIMM:
Installing options
59
a. Open the retaining clips on the connector.
DIMM
(second pair)
b. Turn the DIMM so that the pins align correctly with the connector.
c. Firmly press the DIMM straight down into the connector by applying
pressure on both ends of the DIMM simultaneously.
d. Make sure that the retaining clips are in the closed position. If a gap exists
between the DIMM and the retaining clips, the DIMM has not been
properly installed. In this case, open the retaining clips and remove the
DIMM; then, reinsert the DIMM.
7. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now; otherwise, go to
“Installing the cover” on page 65.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Attention: When you restart the server, the system displays a message indicating
that the memory configuration has changed.
v If you installed additional memory, start the Configuration/Setup Utility
program and select Save Settings.
v If you just replaced a failed DIMM, you must start the Configuration/Setup
Utility program, select Advanced Setup, select Memory Settings, highlight the
connector or bank of connectors that you want to enable, then select Enable.
v In some memory configurations, the 3-3-3 beep code might sound during POST
followed by a blank screen. If this occurs, you must restart the server three times
to force the system BIOS to reset the memory connector or bank of connectors
from Disabled to Enabled.
Installing and removing a microprocessor
The server comes with one microprocessor, which is installed on the system board.
If you install an additional microprocessor kit, the server can operate as a
symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) server. With SMP, certain operating systems and
application programs can distribute the processing load between the
microprocessors. This enhances performance for database and point-of-sale
applications, integrated manufacturing solutions, and other applications.
Notes:
1. Before you install a new microprocessor, review the documentation that comes
with the microprocessor, so that you can determine whether you need to
update the server basic input/output system (BIOS). The latest level of BIOS
for the server is available through the World Wide Web.
2. Obtain an SMP-capable operating system (optional). For a list of supported
operating systems, see http://www.ibm.com/pc/compat/ on the World Wide
Web.
3. The server comes with one microprocessor, which is installed in microprocessor
connector (U12) (the microprocessor connector that is furthest from the power
supply). This is the startup (boot) microprocessor. If you install a
microprocessor in microprocessor connector (U11), that one becomes the startup
microprocessor, and the microprocessor that is installed in microprocessor
connector (U12) is the application microprocessor. You must also install a VRM
when you install a microprocessor.
4. When you are installing a microprocessor, you must also install a fan sink and
connect the fan-sink power cable to the system board.
5. The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your server.
6. If necessary, see “System board options connectors” on page 40 for connector
locations.
Installing options
61
Attention:
v To avoid damage and ensure proper server operation when you install a new or
additional microprocessor, use microprocessors that have the same cache size
and type and the same clock speed. Microprocessor internal clock frequencies
and external clock frequencies must be identical. See the ServerProven list at
http://www.ibm.com/pc/compat for a list of microprocessors for use with the
server.
v When you handle electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitive devices, take
precautions to avoid damage from static electricity. For details on handling these
devices, see “Handling static-sensitive devices” on page 114.
Installing a microprocessor
To install an additional microprocessor, do the following:
1. Review the safety precautions in Statement 1 and Statement 5 in “Safety
information” on page 111.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices, disconnect all power cords and
then all external cables; then, remove the cover (see “Removing the side
cover” on page 45 for details).
3. Carefully remove the support bracket assembly (see “Removing the support
bracket assembly” on page 47). Store the cover and the support bracket
assembly it in a safe place.
4. Lift the release lever and remove the terminator card from the microprocessor
connector.
5. Install the microprocessor:
a. Touch the static-protective package containing the new microprocessor to
any unpainted metal surface on the server; then, remove the microprocessor
from the package.
b. Orient the microprocessor over the microprocessor connector, as shown in
the following illustration. Carefully press the microprocessor into the
connector.
Microprocessor 2
connector
Terminator card
Microprocessor 2
Lever
Microprocessor
orientation indicator
Attention: To avoid bending the pins, do not use excessive force when
pressing the microprocessor into the connector.
6. Push the release lever down to lock the microprocessor into place.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
7. Install a fan sink onto the microprocessor and connect the fan-sink power
cable to the system board by doing the following:
VRM 2
(J12)
Terminator card
Microprocessor
fan 2 (J2)
Microprocessor
fan 1 (J3 )
Microprocessor
VRM 1
(J42)
Fan sink
Fan-sink
retainer
a. Peel the plastic protective strip off the bottom of the fan sink. Make sure
that the square of the thermal material is still on the bottom of the fan
sink.
b. Align and place the fan sink on top of the microprocessor.
Note: Set the fan sink into place. Make sure the fan sink guide rib fits
between the processor and the processor socket.
c. Align and place the fan-sink retainer (clip) over the fan sink.
d. Insert a small, flat-blade screwdriver into the tab on the fan sink.
e. Press down and in with the screwdriver handle to snap the fan-sink
retainer into place in the slot on the microprocessor, over the fan sink.
f. Connect the built-in fan-sink power cable to the appropriate connector on
the system board.
v If you installed the microprocessor in connector (U11), connect the
fan-sink power cable to connector (J2).
v If you installed the microprocessor in connector (U12), connect the
fan-sink power cable to connector (J3).
8. Place the terminator card in the static-protective package that the new
microprocessor was shipped in, and store it in a safe place. You will need to
install the terminator card again if you ever remove the microprocessor and
do not replace it with another microprocessor.
9. Install the VRM that is included in the microprocessor kit.
Attention: Use of other VRMs might cause the server to overheat.
a. Center the VRM over the appropriate VRM connector:
Installing options
63
1) If you installed the microprocessor in connector (U11), press down on
the latches on either side of connector (J12), and install the VRM in
connector (J12).
If you installed the microprocessor in connector (U12), press down on
the latches on either side of connector (J42), and install the VRM in
connector (J42).
b. Make sure that the VRM is oriented and aligned correctly.
c. Press the VRM into the connector.
2)
Note: If you remove the microprocessor later, remember to install the
terminator card in the appropriate microprocessor connector and to
remove the VRM from the appropriate VRM connector.
10. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now; otherwise, replace
the support bracket assembly; then, go to “Installing the cover” on page 65.
Removing a microprocessor
To remove a microprocessor, do the following:
Note: Do not use any tools when removing the microprocessor; however, you will
need a small, flat-blade screwdriver to remove the fan-sink retainer (clip).
Attention: When you handle static-sensitive devices, take precautions to avoid
damage from static electricity. For details on handling these devices, see “Handling
static-sensitive devices” on page 114.
1. Review the safety precautions in Statement 1 and Statement 5 in “Safety
information” on page 111.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices, disconnect all power cords and
then all external cables; then, remove the side cover (see “Removing the side
cover” on page 45 for details).
3. Carefully remove the support bracket assembly from the server (see “Removing
the support bracket assembly” on page 47). Store the cover and the support
bracket assembly in a safe place.
4. Remove the fan-sink.
a. Press down on the clip to remove the fan-sink retainer from the fan sink.
b. Firmly grasp the fan sink and lift it off the microprocessor. Store the fan
sink in a safe, clean place with the bottom side up. The thermal material on
the fan sink must stay clean if you intend to reuse the fan sink in the future.
c. Disconnect the fan sink power cable from the appropriate connector on the
system board:
v If you are removing the microprocessor from connector (U11), disconnect
the fan-sink power cable from connector (J2).
v If you are removing the microprocessor from connector (U12), disconnect
the fan-sink power cable from connector (J3).
5. Lift up the release lever and remove the microprocessor from the connector.
Store the microprocessor in a static-protective bag for possible future use.
6. If you are installing a new microprocessor, go to “Installing a microprocessor”
on page 62.
7. If you are not replacing the microprocessor:
a. Reinstall the terminator card in the empty microprocessor connector.
b. Press the release lever down to lock the terminator card into place.
c. Remove the VRM from the appropriate VRM connector:
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
v If you removed the microprocessor from connector (U11), press down on
the latches on either side of connector (J12), and remove the VRM from
connector (J12).
v If you removed the microprocessor from connector (U12), press down on
the latches on either side of connector (J42), and remove the VRM from
connector (J42).
8. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now; otherwise, replace
the support bracket assembly; then, go to “Installing the cover”.
Installing the bezel
Do the following to install the bezel:
1. Insert the two tabs on the bottom of the bezel into the matching slots in the
server chassis.
2. Push the top of the bezel toward the server until the two tabs at the top of the
bezel snap into place.
Installing the cover
The following information describes the cover installation procedure.
Note: The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.
Cover-release
latch
Key lock
Note: If you removed the support bracket assembly after you removed the cover,
reinstall it before you install the cover.
Installing options
65
To install the server side cover:
1. Clear any cables that might impede the replacement of the cover.
2. Align the bottom tabs of the side cover with the matching slots in the server
chassis; then, insert the tabs into the slots.
3. Close the cover-release latch to pull the cover forward and lock the cover in
place.
4. Make sure that the stabilizing feet are rotated outward so that they properly
support the server.
5. Reconnect the external cables and cords to the server; then, plug the power
cords into electrical outlets.
Connecting external options
You can attach a SCSI storage expansion enclosure to the server if you install an
optional SCSI adapter in one of the five PCI adapter slots on the system board.
Installation Procedure:
To attach an external device, do the following:
1. Read “System reliability considerations” on page 44 and the documentation that
comes with your options.
2. Be sure the server and all attached devices are turned off.
3. Follow the instructions that come with the option to prepare it for installation
and to connect it to the server.
Note: If you are attaching a SCSI device, see “SCSI port” on page 72 for SCSI
ID and cabling information.
I/O connector locations
The following illustration shows the input/output connectors (ports) on the rear of
the server. The SCSI and system-management connectors are internal and located
on the system board (see “System board internal cable connectors” on page 41 and
“System board options connectors” on page 40, respectively for connector
locations). For pin assignments and other details about these connectors, see
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
“Input/output ports”.
Power cord
Mouse
Keyboard
USB 1
USB 2
Serial B
Parallel
Serial A
Ethernet
Video
Input/output ports
This section provides information about the input/output (I/O) ports on the
server. These ports include the following:
v
v
v
v
v
One parallel port
One video port
One keyboard port
One auxiliary pointing-device (mouse) port
Two serial ports
v Two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports
v One Ethernet port
v One communication connector dedicated to the system management adapter
Notes:
1. You can set an administrator password through the Configuration/Setup Utility
program only if the optional system management adapter is installed in the
server.
2. The Devices and I/O Ports choice appears only on the full Configuration/Setup
Utility menu. If you have set both levels of passwords (user and administrator),
you must type the administrator password to access the full
Configuration/Setup Utility menu.
Parallel port
The server has one parallel port. This port supports three standard Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 1284 modes of operation: Standard
Parallel Port (SPP), Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP), and Extended Capability Port
(ECP).
Viewing or changing the port assignments
You can use the Configuration/Setup Utility program to configure the parallel port
as bidirectional; that is, so that data can be both read from and written to a device.
In bidirectional mode, the server supports the ECP and EPP modes.
Installing options
67
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
view or change the parallel-port assignment, do the following:
Restart the server and watch the monitor screen.
When the message Press F1 for Configuration/Setup appears, press F1.
From the main menu, select Devices and I/O Ports; then, press Enter.
Select the parallel port; then, use the arrow keys to advance through the
available settings.
Note: When you configure the parallel port as bidirectional, use an IEEE
1284-compliant cable. The maximum length of the cable must not exceed
3 meters (9.8 feet).
5. Select Save Settings; then, select Exit Setup to exit from the
Configuration/Setup Utility main menu.
Parallel port connector
The following table shows the pin-number assignments for the 25-pin, female
D-shell parallel-port connector on the system board.
1
13
25
14
Table 10. Parallel-port connector pin-number assignments
68
Pin
I/O
SPP/ECP Signal
EPP Signal
1
O
-STROBE
-WRITE
2
I/O
Data 0
Data 0
3
I/O
Data 1
Data 1
4
I/O
Data 2
Data 2
5
I/O
Data 3
Data 3
6
I/O
Data 4
Data 4
7
I/O
Data 5
Data 5
8
I/O
Data 6
Data 6
9
I/O
Data 7
Data 7
10
I
-ACK
-ACK
11
I
BUSY
-WAIT
12
I
PE (paper end)
PE (paper end)
13
I
SLCT (select)
SLCT (select)
14
O
-AUTO FD (feed)
-AUTO FD
15
I
-ERROR
-ERROR
16
O
-INIT
-INIT
17
O
-SLCT IN
-SLCT IN
18
-
Ground
Ground
19
-
Ground
Ground
20
-
Ground
Ground
21
-
Ground
Ground
22
-
Ground
Ground
23
-
Ground
Ground
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Table 10. Parallel-port connector pin-number assignments (continued)
24
-
Ground
Ground
25
-
Ground
Ground
Serial ports
The server has two standard serial (communication) ports: serial port A and serial
port B.
Some application programs require specific ports, and some modems function
properly only at certain serial port addresses. You might need to use the
Configuration/Setup Utility program to change serial port address assignments to
prevent or resolve address conflicts.
Viewing or changing the serial-port assignments
To view or change the serial-port assignments, do the following:
1. Restart the server and watch the monitor screen.
2. When the message Press F1 for Configuration/Setup appears, press F1.
3. From the main menu, select Devices and I/O Ports; then, press Enter.
4. Select the serial port; then, use the arrow keys to advance through the available
settings.
5. Select Save Settings; then, select Exit Setup to exit from the
Configuration/Setup Utility main menu.
Serial-port connectors
The following table shows the pin-number assignments for the 9-pin, male D-shell
serial-port connectors on the system board. These pin-number assignments
conform to the industry standard.
5
1
6
9
Table 11. Serial-port connectors pin-number assignments
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Data carrier detect
6
Data set ready
2
Receive data
7
Request to send
3
Transmit data
8
Clear to send
4
Data terminal ready
9
Ring indicator
5
Signal ground
Universal Serial Bus ports
The server has two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports, which configure
automatically. USB is a serial interface standard for telephony and multimedia
devices. It uses Plug and Play technology to determine the type of device that is
attached to the connector.
Notes:
1. If you attach a standard (non-USB) keyboard to the keyboard connector, the
USB ports and devices will be disabled during the power-on self-test (POST).
Installing options
69
2. If you install a USB keyboard that has a mouse port, the USB keyboard
emulates a mouse, and you will not be able to disable the mouse settings in the
Configuration/Setup Utility program.
USB cables and hubs
You need a 4-pin cable to connect devices to USB 1 or USB 2. If you plan to attach
more than two USB devices, you must use a hub to connect the devices. The hub
provides multiple connectors for attaching additional external USB devices.
USB technology provides up to 12 megabits-per-second (Mbps) speed with a
maximum of 127 external devices and a maximum signal distance of five meters
(16 ft) per segment.
USB-port connectors
Each USB port has an external connector on the system board for attaching
USB-compatible devices.
The following table shows the pin-number assignments for the USB-port
connectors on the system board.
Table 12. USB-port connector pin-number assignments
Pin
Signal
1
+5 V dc
2
-Data
3
+Data
4
Ground
Keyboard port
There is one keyboard port on the system board.
Note: If you attach a standard (non-USB) keyboard to the keyboard connector, the
USB ports and devices will be disabled during the power-on self-test
(POST).
The following table shows the pin-number assignments for the keyboard connector
on the system board.
6
5
4
3
2
1
Table 13. Keyboard connector pin-number assignments
70
Pin
I/O
Signal
1
I/O
Data
2
N/A
Reserved
3
N/A
Ground
4
N/A
+5 V dc
5
I/O
Clock
6
N/A
Reserved
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Auxiliary-device (pointing device) port
The system board has one auxiliary-device port that supports a mouse or other
pointing device.
The following table shows the pin-number assignments for the auxiliary-device
connector on the system board.
6
5
4
3
2
1
Table 14. Auxiliary-device connector pin-number assignments
Pin
Signal
1
Data
2
Reserved
3
Ground
4
+5 V dc
5
Clock
6
Reserved
Video port
The server comes with an integrated super video graphics array (SVGA) video
controller. This controller is not removable, but you can disable it by installing a
PCI video adapter.
Note: If you install a PCI video adapter, the server BIOS will automatically disable
the integrated video controller.
The following table shows the pin-number assignments for the 15-pin analog video
connector on the rear of the server.
5
1
15
11
Table 15. Video-port connector pin-number assignments
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Analog red
6
Red return
11
Not connected
2
Analog green or
monochrome
7
Green return
12
DDC SDA
3
Analog blue
8
Blue return
13
Horizontal
synchronization (Hsync)
4
Not connected
9
PIN
14
Vertical synchronization
(Vsync)
5
Digital return
10
Digital return
15
DDC SCL
Installing options
71
SCSI port
The server has an integrated small computer system interface (SCSI) controller
with an internal connector (J41) on the system board. This controller supports an
Ultra160 SCSI internal channel. This channel supports up to 15 SCSI devices. In
addition, this controller uses:
v Double-transition clocking to achieve high transfer rates
v Domain name validation to negotiate compatible data transfer speeds with each
device
v Cyclic-redundancy checking (CRC), instead of the usual parity checking, to
significantly improve data reliability
v An active terminator on the system board for SCSI bus termination
If you install a SCSI adapter in the server, you can use its SCSI connector to
connect different types of small computer system interface (SCSI) devices.
Note: If you install a PCI redundant array of independent disks (RAID) adapter,
you can move the SCSI cable from the system-board SCSI connector to an
internal channel connector on the RAID adapter if you want to control the
internal drives from the adapter.
SCSI cabling requirements
A SCSI cable comes with the server so that you can connect internal SCSI devices
to the SCSI controller on the system board. A SCSI cable comes with the models
that have the hot-swap drive cage option. If you plan to attach external SCSI
devices, you must install an optional SCSI adapter and order additional SCSI
cables.
For information about the maximum length of SCSI cable between the terminated
ends of the cable, refer to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) SCSI
standards. Adhering to these standards will help ensure that your server operates
properly.
Setting SCSI IDs
Each SCSI device that is connected to a SCSI controller or adapter must have a
unique SCSI ID. This ID enables the SCSI controller or adapter to identify the
device and ensure that different devices on the same SCSI channel do not attempt
to transfer data simultaneously. SCSI devices that are connected to different SCSI
channels can have duplicate SCSI IDs. SCSI IDs for hot-swap drives are
automatically set by the hot-swap backplane. For hot-swap drives, bay 7 has ID 0,
bay 6 has ID 1, bay 5 has ID 2. For non-hot-swap drives, refer to the information
that comes with the drives for instructions to set their SCSI IDs.
External SCSI devices
To install external SCSI devices, you must first install an optional SCSI PCI
adapter. Refer to the information that is provided with the device for instructions
to set its SCSI ID.
SCSI connector pin-number assignments
The following table shows the pin-number assignments for the 68-pin SCSI
connectors.
72
34
1
68
35
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Table 16. 68-pin SCSI connector pin-number assignments
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
+Data 12
35
-Data 12
2
+Data 13
36
-Data 13
3
+Data 14
37
-Data 14
4
+Data 15
38
-Data 15
5
+Data P1
39
-Data P1
6
+Data 0
40
-Data 0
7
+Data1
41
-Data 1
8
+Data 2
42
-Data 2
9
+Data 3
43
-Data 3
10
+Data 4
44
-Data 4
11
+Data 5
45
-Data 5
12
+Data 6
46
-Data 6
13
+Data 7
47
-Data 7
14
+Data P
48
-Data P
15
Ground
49
Ground
16
DIFFSENS
50
Ground
17
Term power
51
Term power
18
Term power
52
Term power
19
Reserved
53
Reserved
20
Ground
54
Ground
21
+Attention
55
-Attention
22
Ground
56
Ground
23
+Busy
57
-Busy
24
+Acknowledge
58
-Acknowledge
25
+Reset
59
-Reset
26
+Message
60
-Message
27
+Select
61
-Select
28
+Control/Data
62
-Control/Data
29
+Request
63
-Request
30
+Input/Output
64
-Input/Output
31
+Data 8
65
-Data 8
32
+Data 9
66
-Data9
33
+Data 10
67
-Data 10
34
+Data 11
68
-Data 11
Installing options
73
Ethernet port
The server comes with an integrated Ethernet controller. This controller provides
an interface for connecting to 10-Mbps or 100-Mbps networks and provides
full-duplex (FDX) capability, which enables simultaneous transmission and
reception of data on the Ethernet local area network (LAN).
To access the Ethernet port, connect a Category 3, 4, or 5 unshielded twisted-pair
(UTP) cable to the RJ-45 connector on the rear of the server.
Note: The 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet standard requires that the cabling in the
network be Category 5 or higher.
Configuring the Ethernet controller
When you connect the server to the network, the Ethernet controller automatically
detects the data-transfer rate (10 Mbps or 100 Mbps) on the network and then sets
the controller to operate at the appropriate rate. In addition, if the Ethernet port
that the server is connected to supports auto-negotiation, the Ethernet controller
will set the appropriate duplex state. That is, the Ethernet controller will adjust to
the network data rate, whether the data rate is standard Ethernet (10BASE-T), Fast
Ethernet (100BASE-TX), half duplex (HDX), or full duplex (FDX). The controller
supports half-duplex (HDX) and full-duplex (FDX) modes at both speeds.
The Ethernet controller is a PCI Plug and Play device. You do not need to set any
jumpers or configure the controller for the operating system before you use the
Ethernet controller. However, you must install a device driver to enable the
operating system to address the Ethernet controller. The device drivers are
provided on the ServerGuide CDs.
Failover for redundant Ethernet
The IBM 10/100 Ethernet Adapter or the IBM 10/100 Etherjet¬ PCI family of
adapters are optional redundant network interface cards (NIC adapters) that you
can install in the server. If you install this NIC adapter and connect it to the same
logical segment as the primary Ethernet controller, you can configure the server to
support a failover function. You can configure either the integrated Ethernet
controller or the NIC adapter as the primary Ethernet controller. In failover mode,
if the primary Ethernet controller detects a link failure, all Ethernet traffic that is
associated with it is switched to the redundant (secondary) controller. This
switching occurs without any user intervention. When the primary link is restored
to an operational state, the Ethernet traffic switches back to the primary Ethernet
controller.
High-performance Ethernet modes
The Ethernet controller supports optional modes, such as teaming, priority packets,
and virtual LANs, which provide higher performance and throughput for the
server.
Teaming Mode: The Ethernet controller provides options, called teaming options.
These options increase throughput and fault tolerance when running with
Windows NT 4.0 or NetWare 4.1x or later.
v Adapter fault tolerance (AFT) provides automatic redundancy for the adapter. If
the primary adapter fails, the secondary adapter takes over. Adapter fault
tolerance supports from two to four adapters per team.
v Adaptive load balancing (ALB) enables you to balance the transmission data
flow among two to four adapters. ALB also includes the AFT option. You can
use ALB with any 100BASE-TX switch.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
v Cisco Fast EtherChannel (FEC) creates a team of two to four adapters to
increase transmission and reception throughput. FEC also includes the AFT
option. You can use FEC only with a switch that has FEC capability.
Teaming requires you to install at least one additional Ethernet adapter. For
additional information about the teaming modes, refer to the documentation that
comes with these additional adapters.
Priority Packet Mode: Priority Packet is a traffic-prioritization utility that you can
use to set up filters to process high-priority traffic before normal traffic. You can
send information from critical nodes or applications with an indicated priority.
Because you set this priority at the host or entry point of the network, the network
devices can base forwarding decisions on priority information that is defined in the
packet.
Priority Packet information is available on the IBM Networking Web site at
http://www.ibm.com/networking/support
Priority Packet prioritizes traffic based on priority filters. These are parameters that
you assign to outgoing (transmit) packets. Using the Priority Filter Wizard, you can
set up predefined or custom priority filters based on a node (MAC) address,
Ethernet type, or by various properties of the protocol and port. Priority Packet
provides two different methods for prioritizing traffic: IEEE 802.1p tagging and
High Priority Queue.
IEEE 802.1p is a new IEEE standard for tagging, or adding additional bytes of
information to packets with different priority levels. Packets are tagged with 4
additional bytes, which increase the packet size and indicate a priority level. When
you send these packets out on the network, the higher priority packets are
transferred first. Priority packet tagging (also known as Traffic Class Expediting)
enables the adapter to work with other elements of the network (such as switches
and routers) to deliver priority packets first. You can assign specific priority levels
from 0 (low) to 7 (high).
You can assign values to packets based on their priority when you use the IEEE
802.1p standard for packet tagging. This method requires a network infrastructure
that supports packet tagging. The routing devices that receive and transfer these
packets on your network must support 802.1p for tagging to be effective.
After you set up the priority filter in Priority Packet, you must start IBMSet and
select 802.1p/802.1Q Tagging on the Advanced tab.
Note: IEEE 802.1p tagging increases the size of the packets that it tags. Some hubs
and switches will not recognize the larger packets and will drop them.
Check your hub or switch documentation to see if they support 802.1p. (You
can configure the switch to strip the tags from the packets and send it on to
the next destination as normal traffic.) If these devices do not support 802.1p
or if you are not sure, use High Priority Queue (HPQ) to prioritize network
traffic.
The requirements for effectively using IEEE 802.1p tagging are:
v The other devices receiving and routing 802.1p tagged packets must support
802.1p.
v The adapters on these devices must support 802.1p. The Ethernet controller in
the xSeries 220 and all IBM 10/100 Ethernet Security Adapters support 802.1p.
Installing options
75
v The adapter cannot be assigned to an adapter team.
v If you are setting up VLANs and packet tagging on the same adapter,
802.1p/802.1Q tagging must be enabled on the IBMSet Advanced tab.
If your network infrastructure devices do not support IEEE 802.1p or you are not
sure, you can still define filters and send packets as high priority. While High
Priority Queue (HPQ) does not provide the precise priority levels of 802.1p
tagging, it does assign traffic as either high or low priority and sends high-priority
packets first. Therefore, if there are multiple applications on a system that is
sending packets, the packets from the application with a filter are sent out first.
HPQ does not change network routing, nor does it add any information to the
packets.
To assign HPQ, you can specify it using Priority Packet when you create or assign
a filter.
To effectively use HPQ tagging, the adapter cannot be assigned to an adapter team.
Virtual LAN Mode: A virtual LAN (VLAN) is a logical grouping of network
devices that are put together as a LAN, regardless of their physical grouping or
collision domains. Using VLANs increases network performance and improves
network security.
VLANs offer you the ability to group users and devices together into logical
workgroups. This can simplify network administration when you are connecting
clients to servers that are geographically dispersed across a building, campus, or
enterprise network.
Normally, VLANs are configured at the switch, and any computer can be a
member of one VLAN per installed network adapter. The Ethernet controller
supersedes this by communicating directly with the switch, enabling multiple
VLANs on a single network adapter (up to 64 VLANs).
To set up VLAN membership, the Ethernet controller must be attached to a switch
that has VLAN capability. You also need to use Windows NT 4.0 or later, or Novell
NetWare 4.1x or later.
Notes:
1. Windows NT versions prior to 4.0 do not support VLANs.
2. VLANs require NT 4.0 with Service Pack 3.0 and the NDIS driver hotfix from
Microsoft.
3. In Windows NT, VLANs cannot be implemented on controllers that have been
configured for teaming options. NetWare can support teaming options and
VLANs on the same adapters.
To join a VLAN from Windows NT 4.0:
1. Create a VLAN on the switch. Use the parameters that you assign there to join
the VLAN from the server. Refer to your switch documentation for more
information.
2. In the Control Panel window, double-click the Network icon.
3. On the Adapters tab, select the adapter that you want to be on the VLAN, and
click Properties.
4. In IBMSet, click Join VLAN. Note that VLANs cannot be assigned to adapters
that are already defined to have an adapter teaming option.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
5. Type the VLAN ID and VLAN name. The VLAN ID must match the VLAN ID
of the switch. The ID range is from 1 to 1000. The VLAN name is for
information only and does not need to match the name on the switch.
6. Click Join VLAN.Repeat steps 3 on page 76 through 5 for each VLAN that you
want the server to join. The VLANs that you add are listed on the Adapters
tab.
7. Click Close and restart the computer.
Installing options
77
Ethernet port connector
The following table shows the pin-number assignments for the RJ-45 connector.
These assignments apply to both 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX devices.
Table 17. Ethernet RJ-45 connector pin-number assignments
78
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
+Transmit data
5
Not connected
2
-Transmit data
6
-Receive data
3
+Receive data
7
Not connected
4
Not connected
8
Not connected
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
FRU information (service only)
Field Replacement Units (FRUs) should be replaced by qualified service personnel
only.
Button kit
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
To remove the button kit, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3. Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
4. Remove the front bezel (see “Removing the bezel” on page 46).
5. Remove the hot-swap hard disk drive (see “Hot-swap hard disk drive cage” on
page 80).
6. Disconnect the cable of the button kit from the system board.
7. Place a screwdriver against the bottom release latch of the button kit and gently
press upward and slide the latch through the aperture.
8. Gently pinch together the upper release latches and slide the latches through
the aperture and remove the button kit.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
79
Hot-swap hard disk drive cage
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
Note: The illustration above may differ slightly from your server.
To remove the hot-swap hard disk drive, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3. Remove the front bezel (see “Removing the bezel” on page 46).
4. Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
5. Remove the support bracket (see “Removing the support bracket assembly” on
page 47).
6. Remove any hard disk drives or drive fillers from the drives.
7. Disconnect the hard disk drive cables that connect to the system board.
8. Remove the screws from the front of the hard disk drive cage.
9. Move the cage slightly in and up until it is free of the chassis and lift it out of
the server.
Note: Take care not to dislodge the memory when you remove the cage.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Hot-swap backplane
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
Note: The illustration above may differ slightly from your server.
To remove the hot-swap backplane, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3. Remove the front bezel (see “Removing the bezel” on page 46).
4. Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
5. Remove the support bracket (see “Removing the support bracket assembly” on
page 47).
6. Remove any hard disk drives or drive fillers from the drives.
7. Disconnect the hard disk drive cables that connect to the system board.
8. Swing the cage out.
9. Slide the backplane out of the cage.
FRU information (service only)
81
Power supply
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
To remove the power supply, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3.
4.
5.
6.
82
Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
Disconnect internal cables from the planar and drives.
Remove the screws from the rear of the server.
Gently move the power supply away from the chassis and lift it out of the
server.
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Rear fan
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
Rear
Fan
Rubber
extensions
To remove the rear fan, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3. Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
4. Remove the support bracket (see “Removing the support bracket assembly” on
page 47).
5. Remove the fan cable from the system board.
6. Use side cutters to sever the four rubber extensions on the outside of the
server.
7. Gently pry the fan away from the server and lift it up and out.
8. To install the new fan assembly, place the fan in position at the rear of the
server.
9. Guide the rubber extensions through the apertures.
10. Use needle-nosed pliers to pull the extensions through the apertures.
11. Reconnect cables.
FRU information (service only)
83
System board
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
Notes:
1. When replacing the system board, you must either update the system with the
latest firmware or restore the pre-existing firmware that the customer provides
on a diskette or CD image.
2. It is recommended that the server be placed on its left side before performing
this service procedure. Rotate the feet in toward the server so they do not
detach due to the weight of the server.
To remove the system board, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3. Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
4. Remove the front bezel (see “Removing the bezel” on page 46).
5. Remove the support bracket (see “Removing the support bracket assembly” on
page 47).
6. Disconnect the cables.
7. Remove the adapter cards and both adapter retaining brackets (see “Installing
an adapter” on page 49).
8. Remove the hot-swap hard disk drive cage (see “Hot-swap hard disk drive
cage” on page 80).
9. Remove memory modules (see “Installing memory modules” on page 58).
10. Remove microprocessors and/or terminator cards (see “Installing and
removing a microprocessor” on page 61).
11. Remove screws and lift the system board out of the server.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
CD-ROM drive
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
To remove the CD-ROM drive, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3. Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
4. Disconnect the cables.
5. Remove the screws from the CD-ROM drive cage.
6. Gently slide the CD-ROM drive toward the front of the server and lift it out.
Floppy disk drive
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
remove the floppy disk drive, do the following:
Power-off the server, if it is on.
Unplug the server.
Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
Disconnect the cables.
Remove the screws from the floppy disk drive cage.
FRU information (service only)
85
6. Gently slide the floppy disk drive toward the front of the server and lift it out.
Bezel release latch
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
To remove the bezel release latch, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Unplug the server.
Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
Remove the front bezel (see “Removing the bezel” on page 46).
Remove the handle assembly (see “Handle assembly” on page 88).
Remove the top/side cover (see “Top/side cover” on page 87).
7. Press down on the tab.
8. From the underside, grasp the bezel release latch in the center and gently pull
it back and away from the server.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Top/side cover
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
To
1.
2.
3.
remove the top/side cover, do the following:
Power-off the server, if it is on.
Unplug the server.
Remove the cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
4. Remove the front bezel (see “Removing the bezel” on page 46).
5. Remove the handle assembly (see “Handle assembly” on page 88).
6. Remove the four screws from the back of the server and put them in a safe
place.
7. Using a screwdriver, gently pry the cover away from the server in the rear and
slide the unit away from the server.
FRU information (service only)
87
Handle assembly
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
To remove the handle cap, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3. Use a flathead screwdriver to gently press in and down on the tabs located on
the interior side wall of the handle.
4. Lift up on the handle cap to separate it from the handle support.
To remove the handle support, do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
88
Power-off the server, if it is on.
Unplug the server.
Firmly grasp the handle support and slide it away from the front bezel.
Lift up on the handle support to remove it from the slots in the top of the
chassis.
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Adapter retainer
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 111.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 44.
To remove the adapter retainer, do the following:
1. Power-off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server.
3. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 45).
4. Remove all adapter cards (see “Installing an adapter” on page 49).
5. Rotate the adapter retainer to the open position.
6. Grasp the adapter retainer and gently slide the top and bottom tabs out of the
notches.
FRU information (service only)
89
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Symptom-to-FRU index
This index supports xSeries 220 servers.
Notes:
1. Check the configuration before you replace a FRU. Configuration problems can
cause false errors and symptoms.
2. The default configuration can be loaded by starting the system and then
pressing the reset button four times, waiting 15 seconds between each press.
Once the configuration has reset to the default, it must be saved in Setup to be
stored in CMOS.
3. For IBM devices not supported by index, refer to the manual for that device.
4. Always start with “General checkout” on page 1.
The Symptom-to-FRU lists symptoms, errors, and the possible causes. The most
likely cause is listed first. Use this Symptom-to-FRU index to help you decide
which FRUs to have available when servicing the computer. The POST BIOS
displays POST error codes and messages on the screen.
Beep symptoms
Beep symptoms are short tones or a series of short tones separated by pauses
(intervals without sound). See the following examples.
Note: One beep after successfully completing POST indicates the system is
functioning properly.
Beeps
Description
1-2-3
v One beep
v A pause (or break)
v Two beeps
v A pause (or break)
v Three Beeps
4
Four continuous beeps
Beep/Symptom
FRU/Action
1-1-2 Microprocessor
register test failed.
1. Processor
1-1-3 (CMOS
write/read test failed)
1. Battery
1-1-4 (BIOS EEPROM
checksum failed)
1. Reflash BIOS
1-2-1 (Programmable
Interval Timer failed)
1. System Board
1-2-2 (DMA
initialization failed)
1. System Board
2. System board
2. System Board
2. System Board
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
91
Beep/Symptom
FRU/Action
1-2-3 (DMA page
register write/read test
failed)
1. System Board
1-2-4 (RAM refresh
verification failed)
1. DIMM
2. System Board
1-3-1 (1st 64K RAM test 1. DIMM
failed)
2. System Board
1-3-2 (1st 64K RAM
parity test failed)
1. DIMM
2. Processor
3. System Board
1-4-3 (Interrupt vector
loading test failed)
1. System Board
2-1-1 (Secondary DMA
register failed)
1. System Board
2-1-2 (Primary DMA
register failed)
1. System Board
2-1-3(Primary interrupt
mask register failed)
1. System Board
2-1-4 (Secondary
interrupt mask register
failed)
1. System Board
2-2-1 (Interrupt vector
loading failed)
1. System Board
2-2-2 (Keyboard
controller failed)
1. System Board
2-2-3 (CMOS power
failure and checksum
checks failed)
1. Battery
2-2-4 (CMOS
configuration info
validation failed)
1. Battery
2-3-1 (Screen
initialization failed)
1. Jumper on J28
2-3-2 (Screen memory
failed)
1. System board
2-3-3 (Screen retrace
failed)
1. System board
2-3-4 (Search for video
ROM failed)
1. System board
2-4-1 (Video failed;
screen believed
operable)
1. System board
3-1-1 (Timer tick
interrupt failed)
1. System Board
3-1-2 (Interval timer
channel 2 failed)
1. System Board
92
2. Keyboard
2. System board
2. System board
2. System Board
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Beep/Symptom
FRU/Action
3-1-3 (RAM test failed
1. DIMM
above address OFFFFH)
2. Memory card
3. System board
3-1-4 (Time-of-Day
clock failed)
1. Battery
2. System Board
3-2-1 (Serial port failed) 1. System board
3-2-2 (Parallel port
failed)
1. System board
3-2-4 (Failure
comparing CMOS
memory size against
actual)
1. DIMM
3-3-1 (Memory size
mismatch occurred, see
″Memory Settings″ on
page 32)
1. DIMM
3-3-2 (Critical SMBUS
error occurred)
1. Disconnect the server power cord from outlet, wait 30 seconds and retry.
2. Battery
3. System board
2. System board
3. Battery
2. Unplug power, check for broken pins, and retry after reseating I2C cables between:
a. system management adapter (PCI slot 2/J31) and planar (J32);
b. DASD I2C on planar (J43) and DASD backplane
3. System Board
4. DIMMs
5. Power Supply
6. I2C Cable
3-3-3 (No operational
memory in system)
1. Install or reseat the memory modules, then do a 3 boot reset. (See “Using the
Configuration/Setup Utility program” on page 29.)
2. DIMMs
3. System Board
4-4-4 (I2C cable
attached, system
management adapter
not functioning)
1. Verify correct cable installation.
Two Short Beeps
(Information only, the
configuration has
changed)
1. Run Diagnostics
Three Short Beeps
1. DIMM
2. Verify optional system management adapter is correctly installed in PCI slot 2.
3. System management adapter.
2. Run Configuration/Setup
2. System Board
One Continuous Beep
1. Processor
2. Optional Processor (if installed)
3. System Board
Repeating Short Beeps
1. Keyboard
2. System Board
One Long and One
Short Beep
1. Video adapter (if present)
2. System Board
Symptom-to-FRU index
93
Beep/Symptom
FRU/Action
One Long and Two
Short Beeps
1. Video adapter (if present)
Two Long and Two
Short Beeps
1. Video adapter
2. System Board
No beep symptoms
No Beep Symptom
FRU/Action
No beep and the system
operates correctly.
1. System board
No Beeps occur after
successfully completing
POST
1. System board
No ac power
1. Check the power cord.
2. Power supply.
No beep and no video
1. See “Undetermined problems” on page 105
Diagnostic error codes
Note: In the following error codes, if XXX is 000, 195, or 197do not replace a FRU.
The description for these error codes are:
000
The test passed.
195
The Esc key was pressed to abort the test.
197
This is a warning error and may not indicate a hardware failure.
For all error codes, replace/follow the FRU/Action indicated.
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
001-XXX-000 (Failed core
tests)
1. System Board
001-XXX-001 (Failed core
tests)
1. System Board
001-250-000 (Failed System
Board ECC)
1. System Board
001-250-001 (Failed System
Board ECC)
1. System Board
005-XXX-000 (Failed Video
test)
1. Video Adapter (if installed)
011-XXX-000 (Failed COM1
Serial Port test)
1. System Board
011-XXX-001 (Failed COM2
Serial Port test)
1. System Board
014-XXX-000 (Failed Parallel
Port test)
1. System Board
94
2. System Board
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
015-XXX-001 (USB interface
not found, board damaged)
1. System Board
015-XXX-015 (Failed USB
External Loopback test)
1. Make sure parallel port is not disabled
2. Re-run USB External Loopback test
3. System Board
015-XXX-198 (USB device
connected during USB test)
1. Remove USB devices from USB1 and USB2
2. Re-run test
3. System Board
020-XXX-000 (Failed PCI
Interface test)
1. System Board
030-XXX-000 (Failed Internal
SCSI interface test)
1. System Board
030-XXX-00N (Failed SCSI
test on PCI slot N. Check
system error log before
replacing a FRU.)
1. Adapter in Slot N
035-XXX-099
1. No adapters were found.
2. If adapter is installed re-check connection.
035-XXX-S99 (Failed RAID
test on PCI slot S. S =
number of failing PCI slot.
Check System Error Log
before replacing a FRU.)
1. Adapter
2. SCSI Backplane
3. Cable
035-XXX-SNN (Check System 1. Fixed Disk with SCSI ID NN on RAID adapter in PCI slot S.
Error Log before replacing a
FRU. S = number of failing
PCI slot; NN = SCSI ID of
failing fixed disk.)
035-253-S99 (RAID adapter
initialization failure)
1. ServeRAID Adapter in slot S is not configured properly. Obtain the basic and
extended configuration status and refer to the ServeRAID Hardware Maintenance
Manual for more information.
2. Cable
3. Adapter
075-XXX-000 (Failed Power
Supply test)
1. Power Supply
089-XXX-001 (Failed
Microprocessor test)
1. Microprocessor
089-XXX-002 (Failed Optional 1. Optional Microprocessor 2
Microprocessor test)
166-198-000 System
Management: Aborted
1. Rerun the Diagnostic test
2. Disconnect all server and option power cords from server, wait 30 seconds,
reconnect, and retry.
(Unable to communicate with
ASM adapter. It may be busy. 3. Advanced System Management adapter
Run the test again.)
(Communication with the
ASM adapter has failed.)
Symptom-to-FRU index
95
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
166-201-000 System
Management: Failed
1. Disconnect all server and option power cords form server, wait 30 seconds,
reconnect, and retry.
I2C Bus Error(s). See System
Error/Event Log for details
from both ASMPROC and
DIAGS messages.)
2. Reseat I2C cables between:
a. Advanced System Management adapter (in PCI slot 2/J31) and planar (J32)
b. If installed, DASD I2C on planar (J43) and DASD backplane
3. Reseat Advanced System Management adapter (in PCI slot 2/J31).
4. Advanced System Management adapter
5. System Board
6. I2C Cable(s)
166-250-000 System
Management: Failed
1. Reseat I2C cables between Advanced System Management adapter (in PCI slot
2/J31) and planar (J32))
(I2C cable is disconnected.
Reconnect I2C cable between
ASM adapter and System
Board.)
2. I2C Cable(s)
166-260-000 System
Management: Failed
1. Disconnect all server and option power cords from server, wait 30 seconds,
reconnect, and retry
(Unable to restart Advanced
System Management
adapter.)
2. Reseat Advanced System Management adapter (in PCI slot 2/J31)
3. Advanced System Management adapter
(Restart ASM Error. After
restarting, ASM
communication was lost.
Unplug and cold boot to
reset ASM.
166-342-000 System
Management: Failed
1. Ensure latest firmware levels for ASM and BIOS
Advanced System
Management BIST indicate
failed tests.)
3. Advanced System Management adapter
2. Disconnect all server and option power cords from server, wait 30 seconds,
reconnect, and retry
180-XXX-003 (Failed System
Board LED test)
1. System Board
201-XXX-0NN (Failed
Memory test, see ″Memory
Settings″ on page 32.) NN =
DIMM location.
1. DIMM Location J1-J4
2. Memory card
201-XXX-999 (Multiple DIMM 1. See error text for failing DIMMs
failure, see error text.)
202-XXX-001 (Failed System
Cache test)
1. Microprocessor CPU 1
202-XXX-002 (Failed System
Cache test)
1. Microprocessor CPU 2
206-XXX-000 (Failed Diskette
Drive test)
1. Cable
2. Diskette Drive
3. System Board
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
215-XXX-000 (Failed IDE
CD-ROM test)
1. CD-ROM Drive Cables
2. CD-ROM Drive
3. System Board
217-XXX-000 (Failed BIOS
Fixed Disk test)
Note: If RAID is configured,
the fixed disk number refers
to the RAID logical array.
1. Fixed Disk 1
217-XXX-001 (Failed BIOS
Fixed Disk test)
Note: If RAID is configured,
the fixed disk number refers
to the RAID logical array.
1. Fixed Disk 2
217-XXX-002 (Failed BIOS
Fixed Disk test)
Note: If RAID is configured,
the fixed disk number refers
to the RAID logical array.
1. Fixed Disk 3
217-198-XXX (Could not
establish drive parameters)
1. Check cable and termination
2. SCSI Backplane
3. Fixed Disk
264-XXX-0NN (NN = SCSI ID 1. Tape Cartridge, if user executed the Read/Write Tape Drive test (XXX = 256)
of failing Tape Drive)
2. SCSI or power cable connected to the tape drive with SCSI ID NN
3. Tape drive with SCSI ID NN – refer to Help and Service Information appendix of
tape drive’s User Guide.
4. I/O Legacy Board or SCSI Controller – run SCSI Controller diagnostic to
determine of SCSI bus is functioning properly.
264-XXX-999 (Errors on
multiple tape drives, see
error text for more info)
1. See error messages/text in the PC Doctor error log for detailed information on
each individual tape drive error.
301-XXX-000 (Failed
Keyboard test)
1. Keyboard
405-XXX-000 (Failed Ethernet
test on controller on the
System Board)
1. Verify that Ethernet is not disabled in BIOS.
2. System Board
405-XXX-00N (Failed Ethernet 1. Adapter in PCI slot N.
test on adapter in PCI slot N)
2. System Board
415-XXX-000 (Failed Modem
test)
1. Cable
2. Modem
3. System Board
Error symptoms
General
FRU/Action
CD is not working properly.
1. Clean the CD.
2. Run CD-ROM diagnostics.
3. CD-ROM Drive
Symptom-to-FRU index
97
General
FRU/Action
CD-ROM drive tray is not
1. Insert the end of a paper clip into the manual tray-release opening.
working. (The server must be
2. Run CD-ROM diagnostics.
powered-on.)
3. CD-ROM Drive
CD-ROM drive is not
recognized.
1. Run Configuration/Setup, enable primary IDE channel.
2. Check cables and jumpers.
3. Check for correct device driver.
4. Run CD-ROM diagnostics.
5. CD-ROM drive
6. System Board
Power switch does not work. 1. Verify that switch number 5 of switch block is Off.
2. Power Switch Assembly
3. System Board
CD-ROM drive cable is not
plugged in.
1. Make sure CD-ROM drive cable is plugged in.
Diskette drive in-use light
stays on, or the system
bypasses the diskette drive,
or the diskette drive does
not work.
1. If there is a diskette in the drive, verify that:
a. The diskette drive is enabled in the Configuration/Setup utility program.
b. The diskette is good and not damaged. (Try another diskette if you have one.)
c. The diskette is inserted correctly in the drive.
d. The diskette contains the necessary files to start the server.
e. The software program is OK.
f. Cable is installed correctly (proper orientation)
2. Run Diskette Drive Diagnostics.
3. Cable
4. Diskette Drive
5. System Board
Monitor problems (general). 1. Monitor
Some IBM monitors have
2. Run Video Diagnostics. If diagnostics pass, the problem may be a video driver.
their own self-tests. If you
3. Display Adapter / System Board
suspect a problem with the
monitor, refer to the
information that comes with
the monitor for adjusting and
testing instructions.
System Error and DIMM X
LED on
1. Replace DIMM X
System Error and CPU X
LED on
1. Replace CPU X
Fixed Disk diagnostic does
not recognize drives. Test
shows fewer drives than
actually installed.
Remove first drive that does not appear and rerun diagnostic. If the remaining
drives show up, replace the removed drive.
Fixed Disk diagnostic
freezes when run
Remove drive being tested at time of freeze and rerun the diagnostic. If diagnostic
completes successfully, replace the removed.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Setup
Action
Setup and Installation CD
won’t start.
v Be sure the server is supported; all xSeries servers with a startable (bootable)
CD-ROM drive are supported.
v If the startup (boot) sequence settings have been altered, be sure the CD-ROM is
first in the boot sequence.
v If more than one CD-ROM drive is installed, be sure that only one drive is set as
the primary drive. Start the CD from the primary drive.
ServeRAID program cannot
v Be sure there are no duplicate SCSI IDs or IRQ assignments.
view all installed drives - or - v Be sure that the hard disk drive is connected properly.
cannot install NOS.
The Operating System
Installation program
continuously loops.
Free up more space on the hard disk.
ServerGuide won’t start your
NOS CD.
Be sure the NOS CD you have is supported by ServerGuide. See the Setup and
Installation CD label for a list of NOS versions supported.
Can’t install NOS - option is
grayed out.
Either there is no logical drive defined (ServeRAID systems) or the ServerGuide
system partition is not present. Run the setup and configuration program.
Setup
Action
Setup and Installation CD
won’t start.
v Be sure the server is supported; all xSeries servers with a startable (bootable)
CD-ROM drive are supported.
v If the startup (boot) sequence settings have been altered, be sure the CD-ROM is
first in the boot sequence.
v If more than one CD-ROM drive is installed, be sure that only one drive is set as
the primary drive. Start the CD from the primary drive.
ServeRAID program cannot
v Be sure there are no duplicate SCSI IDs or IRQ assignments.
view all installed drives - or - v Be sure that the hard disk drive is connected properly.
cannot install NOS.
The Operating System
Installation program
continuously loops.
Free up more space on the hard disk.
ServerGuide won’t start your
NOS CD.
Be sure the NOS CD you have is supported by ServerGuide. See the Setup and
Installation CD label for a list of NOS versions supported.
Can’t install NOS - option is
grayed out.
Either there is no logical drive defined (ServeRAID systems) or the ServerGuide
system partition is not present. Run the setup and configuration program.
TechConnect CD
Action
Can’t start TechConnect CD.
Be sure you’re starting the CD on a system with Microsoft Windows installed.
Can’t view publications from
TechConnect CD, or text is
unreadable.
Be sure you have the Adobe reader installed (available from the TechConnect CD).
Diskette Factory CD
Action
Get “time out” or “Unknown Be sure you have access to the Internet through FTP directly.
host” errors
POST error codes
In the following error codes, X can be any number or letter.
Symptom-to-FRU index
99
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
062 (Three consecutive boot
failures using the default
configuration.)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. Battery
3. System Board
4. Microprocessor
101, 102, 106 (System and
microprocessor error)
1. System Board
111 (Channel check error)
1. Failing adapter
2. DIMM
3. System Board
114 (Adapter read-only
memory error)
1. Failing adapter
129 (Internal cache error)
1. Microprocessor
2. Run diagnostics
2. Optional microprocessor (if installed)
151 (Real time clock error)
1. Run Diagnostics
2. Battery
3. System Board
161 (Real time clock battery
error)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. Battery
3. System Board
162 (Device Configuration
Error)
Note: Be sure to load the
default settings and any
additional desired settings;
then, save the configura-tion.
1. Run Configuration/Setup
163 (Real-Time Clock error)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. Battery
3. Failing Device
4. System Board
2. Battery
3. System Board
164 (Memory configuration
changed, see ″Memory
Settings″ on page 32.)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
175 (Hardware error)
1. System Board
176, 177, 178 (Security
hardware error)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. DIMM
3. System Board
2. System Board
3. C2 Security Switch
184 (Power-on password
corrupted)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
185 (Drive startup sequence
information corrupted)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
186 (Security hardware
control logic failed)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
100
2. System Board
2. System Board
2. System Board
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
187 (VPD serial number not
set.)
1. Set serial number in Setup
188 (Bad EEPROM CRC #2)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. System Board
2. System Board
189 (Three attempts were
made to access the server
with invalid passwords)
1. Run Configuration/Setup, enter the administrator password
201 (Memory test error, see
″Memory Settings″ on page
32.) If the server does not
have the latest level of BIOS
installed, update the BIOS to
the latest level and run the
diagnostic program again.
1. Run memory diagnostics.
229 (Cache error)
1. Microprocessor
2. System Board.
2. DIMM
3. System Board
2. Optional microprocessor (if installed)
262 (DRAM parity
configuration error)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. Battery
3. System Board
289 (DIMM has been disabled 1. Run Configuration/Setup, if disabled by user
by user or system, see
2. Disabled DIMM, if not disabled by user.
″Memory Settings″ on page
32.)
301 (Keyboard or keyboard
controller error)
1.
303 (Keyboard controller
error)
1. System Board
Keyboard
2. System Board
2. Keyboard
305
602 (Invalid diskette boot
record)
1. Diskette
2. Diskette Drive
3. Cable
4. System Board
604 (Diskette drive error)
1. Run Configuration/Setup and Diagnostics
2. Diskette Drive
3. Drive Cable
4. System Board
605 (Unlock failure)
1. Diskette Drive
2. Drive cable
3. System Board
662 (Diskette drive
configuration error)
1. Run Configuration/Setup and Diagnostics
2. Diskette Drive
3. Drive Cable
4. System Board
Symptom-to-FRU index
101
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
762 (Coprocessor
configuration error)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. Battery
3. Processor
962 (Parallel port error)
1. Disconnect external cable on parallel port.
2. Run Configuration/Setup
3. System Board
998 (Automatic Restart or AC 1. No action required
power restored)
999 (System recovered from
backup BIOS)
1. Reflash BIOS
11XX (System board serial
port 1 or 2 error)
1. Disconnect external cable on serial port.
2. Run Configuration/Setup
3. System Board
1162 (Serial port
configuration conflict)
1. Disconnect external cable on serial port
2. Run Configuration/Setup
3. System board
1301 (I2C cable to front panel 1. Cable
not found)
2. Front panel
3. Power Switch Assembly
4. System Board
1302 (I2C cable from system
board to power on and reset
switches not found
1. Cable
1303 (I2C cable from system
board to power backplane
not found)
1. Cable
1304 (I2C cable to diagnostic
LED board not found)
1. Power Switch Assembly
1762 (Fixed Disk
Configuration error)
1. Fixed Disk Drive
2. Power Switch Assembly
3. System Board
2. Power Backplane
3. System Board
2. System Board
2. Fixed Disk Cable
3. Run Configuration/Setup
4. Fixed Disk Adapter
5. SCSI Backplane
6. System Board
178x (Fixed Disk error)
1. Fixed Disk Cables
2. Run Diagnostics
3. Fixed Disk Adapter
4. Fixed Disk Drive
5. System Board
1800 (No more hardware
interrupt available for PCI
adapter)
102
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. Failing Adapter
3. System Board
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
1962 (Drive does not contain
a valid boot sector)
1. Verify a bootable operating system is installed.
2. If RAID system, refer to the Hardware Maintenance Manual for the specific
RAID adapter.
3. Run Diagnostics
4. Hard Disk Drive
5. Cable
6. SCSI Backplane
7. System Board
2400 (Video controller test
failure)
1. Video Adapter (if installed)
2462 (Video memory
configuration error)
1. Video Adapter (if installed)
5962 (IDE CD-ROM
configuration error)
1. Run Configuration/Setup
2. System Board
2. System Board
2. CD-ROM Drive
3. CD-ROM Power Cable
4. IDE Cable
5. System Board
6. Battery
8603 (Pointing Device Error)
1. Pointing Device
2. System Board
00012000 (Processor machine
check)
1. Update BIOS
2. VRM
3. Replace microprocessor
00019501 (Microprocessor 1 is 1. Microprocessor 1
not functioning - check VRM
2. VRM
and processor LEDs)
3. System Board
00019502 (Microprocessor 2 is 1. Microprocessor 2
not functioning - check VRM
2. VRM
and processor LEDs)
3. System Board
00019701 (Microprocessor 1
failed BIST)
1. Microprocessor 1
00019702 (Microprocessor 2
failed BIST)
1. Microprocessor 2
2. System Board
2. System Board
Symptom-to-FRU index
103
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
00180100 (A PCI adapter has
requested memory resources
that are not available.)
1. If the PCI adapter that is requesting the memory resources is the start (boot)
device, you might need to change the order of the adapters in the PCI slots.
Memory is allocated to devices in the order that is specified in the Boot Priority
option in the Start Options menu in the Configuration/Setup Utility. Ensure that
the adapter is early in the boot priority so that it is allocating the necessary
memory resources.
2. Make sure that the PCI adapter and all other adapters are set correctly in the
Configuration/Setup Utility program. If the memory resource settings are not
correct, change the settings.
3. If all memory resources are being used, you might need to remove an adapter to
make memory resources available to the PCI adapter. Disabling the adapter BIOS
on the adapter might correct the error. Refer to the documentation provided with
the adapter.
00180200 (A PCI adapter has
requested an I/O address
that is not available, or the
PCI adapter might be
defective.)
1. Make sure that the I/O address for the PCI adapter and all other programs are
set correctly in the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
00180300 (A PCI adapter has
requested a memory address
that is not available, or the
PCI adapter might be
defective.)
1. Make sure that the memory address for all other adapters are set correctly in the
Configuration/Setup Utility program. If the memory resource settings are not
correct, change the settings.
00180400 (A PCI adapter has
requested a memory address
that is not available.)
1. If all memory addresses are being used, you might need to remove an adapter to
make memory address space available for the PCI adapter. Disabling the adapter
BIOS on the adapter might correct the error. Refer to the documentation
provided with the adapter.
00180500 (A PCI adapter
ROM error occurred.)
1. Remove the PCI adapters. If you can start the server without the adapters,
reinstall each adapter one at a time and restart after each is reinstalled. When an
adapter fails, replace it.
00180600 (A PCI-to-PCI
bridge error occurred. More
than one PCI bus tried to
access memory below 1 MB.)
1. Remove the PCI adapter that has the PCI bridge. If you can start the server
without the adapter, reinstall and restart the adapter. If the adapter fails, replace
it.
2. If the I/O port resource settings are correct, the PCI adapter might be defective.
2. If the memory settings are correct, the PCI adapter might be defective.
00180700 (xxxxyyyy planar
1. Start the Configuration/Setup Utility program, select Devices and I/O Ports, and
PCI device not responding
make sure that the device is enabled.
(where xxxx is PCI vendor ID
and yyyy is PCI device ID)
00180800 (Unsupported PCI
device installed)
1. Remove the PCI adapters. If you can start the server without the adapters,
reinstall each adapter one at a time and restart after each one is reinstalled. If an
adapter fails, replace it.
00181000 (PCI error)
1. System Board
2. PCI Card
01295085 (ECC checking
hardware test error)
1. System Board
2. Microprocessor
01298001 (No update data for 1. Ensure all microprocessors are the same stepping level and cache size.
microprocessor 1)
2. Microprocessor 1
01298002 (No update data for 1. Ensure all microprocessors are the same stepping level and cache size.
microprocessor 2)
2. Microprocessor 2
104
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
01298101 (Bad update data
for microprocessor 1)
1. Ensure all microprocessors are the same stepping level and cache size.
01298102 (Bad update data
for microprocessor 2)
1. Ensure all microprocessors are the same stepping level and cache size.
01298200 (Microprocessor
speed mismatch)
1. Ensure all microprocessors are the same speed.
I9990301 (Fixed boot sector
error)
1. Hard Disk Drive
2. Microprocessor 1
2. Microprocessor 2
2. If RAID system, RAID adapter.
3. SCSI Backplane
4. Cable
5. System Board
I9990305 (Fixed boot sector
error, no operating system
installed)
1. Install operating system to hard disk drive.
I9990650 (AC power has been 1. Check cable
restored)
2. Check for interruption of power supply
3. Power Cable
Other numbers
Follow instructions on screen.
System board LEDs
Table 18. Processor board LEDs
LED
Cause
Fan
1. Replace the fan assembly indicated by lit LED.
Memory
1. Replace the DIMM indicated by the lit DIMM error.
CPU
1. Turn off the server, reseat the microprocessor, and restart the
server.
2. Replace the microprocessor.
VRM
1. Turn off the server, reseat the VRM indicated by the lit VRM
error LED, and restart the server.
2. Replace the VRM
ServeRAID
For ServeRAID error codes and procedures, refer to the Hardware Maintenance
Manual for the particular RAID adapter in the system being serviced.
Undetermined problems
You are here because the diagnostic tests did not identify the failure, the Devices
List is incorrect, or the system is inoperative.
Note: A corrupt CMOS can cause undetermined problems.
If power problems are suspected:
Symptom-to-FRU index
105
1.
2.
3.
4.
Power-off the computer.
Recover BIOS
Be sure the system is cabled correctly.
Remove or disconnect the following (one at a time) until you find the failure
(power-on the computer and reconfigure each time).
v Any external devices
v Surge suppressor device (on the computer)
v Modem, printer, mouse, or non-IBM devices
v Each adapter
v Drives
v Memory Modules (Minimum requirement = one 128 MB DIMM)
Note: Minimum operating requirements are:
a. 1 Power Supply
b. System Board
c. 1 Microprocessor
d. 1 Terminator Card in Slot 2
e. 1 Memory Module (minimum of 1 DIMM in slot labeled DIMM 1)
5. Power-on the computer. If the problem remains, suspect the following FRUs in
the order listed:
Power Supply
System Board
Notes:
1. If the problem goes away when you remove an adapter from the system, and
replacing that adapter does not correct the problem, suspect the system board,
then the power supply.
2. If you suspect a networking problem and all the system tests pass, suspect a
network cabling problem external to the system.
106
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Parts listing, Type 8646
12
13
19
22
21
23
20
24
25
26
1
18
17 16
2
15
14
4
5
3
6
7
8
9
10
11
This parts listing supports Type 8646, Models 21X, 22X, 2AX, 31X, 32X, 3AX, 41X,
42X, 4AX, 51X, 52X, 5AX.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
107
System
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
16
17
18
19
20
20
20
20
21
22
23
23
23
23
24
25
26
108
System (xSeries 220 - Type 8646) Models 21X, 22X, 2AX, 31X, 32X, 3AX, 41X, 42X, 4AX,
51X, 52X, 5AX
Chassis (All models)
Cover, side/top (All models)
Handle kit (All models)
Bar release (All models)
Support handle (All models)
Front bezel door assembly (All models)
LG CD-ROM (Primary) (All models)
48X CD-ROM (Alternate) (All models)
48X CD-ROM (Alternate) (All models)
EMC shield, 5.25-in. bay (All models)
EMC shield, 3.5-in. bay (All models)
Bezel kit (Models 21X, 22X, 31X, 32X, 41X, 42X, 51X, 52X)
Floppy disk drive (All models)
Bezel door assembly (All models)
USB blank bezel kit (All models)
Feet (All models)
Card guide assembly (All models)
Cage assembly (non hot swap only) (All Models)
Cage carrier assembly (hot swap only) (Models 2AX, 3AX, 4AX, 5AX)
Backplane (hot swap only) (All models)
92x38MM fan/duct assembly (All models)
Door assembly (All models)
Memory, 128MB RDIMM (Models 21X, 22X, 31X, 32X, 41X, 42X, 51X, 52X)
Memory, 256MB RDIMM (optional) (Models 2AX, 3AX, 4AX, 5AX)
Memory, 512MB RDIMM (optional) (All models)
Memory, 1GB RDIMM (optional) (All models)
Planar (All models)
Fansink (All models)
Processor, 133/1GHz-256K/L2, FC-PGA (Models 2AX, 21X, 22X)
Processor, 133/1.13GHz-256K/L2, FC-PGA (Models 3AX, 31X, 32X)
Processor, 133/1.26GHz-512K/L2, FC-PGA (Models 4AX, 41X, 42X)
Processor, 133/1.4GHz-512K/L2, FC-PGA (Models 5AX, 51X, 52X)
Retainer (All models)
80MM fan assembly (All models)
Power supply, 330W API-CR (All models)
Hard disk drive slim blank bezel (hot swap only) (Models 2AX, 3AX, 4AX, 5AX)
Duct extension (Models 21X, 22X, 31X, 32X, 41X, 42X, 51X, 52X)
EMC plate planar (All models)
Foot kit (All models)
Shield, planar EMC kit (All models)
Misc. hardware kit (All models)
Panel assembly (All models)
Button kit (All models)
Support bracket (All models)
Lock bar (All models)
Lock assembly (All models)
Hark disk drive rail (All models)
Service Label (All models)
Hot Swap EMC Plate (Models 21X, 22X, 31X, 32X, 41X, 42X, 51X, 52X)
Mouse assembly., Stealth Gray (All models)
Terminator (All models)
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
FRU No.
06P5853
19K4957
19K4934
19K4946
19K4936
32P0954
24P3605
19K1531
19K1535
32P8503
32P8501
00N7082
76H4091
32P0957
19K4951
01N2196
19K4947
19K4931
32P8507
00N8953
32P8127
24P1752
10K0019
10K0021
10K0023
33L3327
48P9091
22P4368
25P2615
25P2616
25P2618
48P7546
19K4945
22P4373
00N7718
00N7259
32P0674
32P8509
12J4056
06P5851
09N5764
24P2621
19K4940
19K4963
24P1746
24P1751
23P1328
32P0980
32P8505
24P0383
25P1866
Index
System (xSeries 220 - Type 8646) Models 21X, 22X, 2AX, 31X, 32X, 3AX, 41X, 42X, 4AX,
51X, 52X, 5AX
5V/12V VRM VER.8.5 (All models)
18.2GB, SCSI (Models 22X, 32X, 42X, 52X)
Battery (All models)
Power cord (All models)
Cable, SCSI 5-drop (non hot swap only) (Models 21X, 22X, 31X, 32X, 41X, 42X, 51X, 52X)
Cable, CD-ROM IDE (All models)
Cable, 2-drop (hot swap only) (Models 2AX, 3AX, 4AX, 5AX)
Cable, Hot-swap kit (Models 2AX, 3AX, 4AX, 5AX)
Cable, floppy 2x3 (All models)
TOWER TO RACK CONVERSION KIT
Bezel, rack (optional) (All models)
Cover assembly (optional) (All models)
Slide assembly (optional) (All models)
Left EIA flange (optional) (All models)
Right EIA flange (optional) (All models)
Misc. parts (optional) (All models)
Rigid arm (optional) (All models)
Arm, cable management pivot bracket (optional) (All models)
Hinge pin (optional) (All models)
Arm, cable management (optional) (All models)
Rack kit (optional) (All models)
FRU No.
24P6893
19K1485
33F8354
93F2364
00N7110
01K1483
06P5849
06P5850
76H4228
00N7068
00N7070
00N7072
00N7190
00N7192
00N7193
00N7211
00N7242
00N7244
00N7245
06P5852
Keyboards
Keyboard
US English
French Canadian
LA Spanish
Brazil/Portuguese
Arabic
Belgium/French
Belgium/UK
Bulgarian
Czech
Danish
Dutch
French
German
Greek
Hebrew
Hungarian
Iceland
Italy
Norwegian
Polish
Portuguese
Romanian
Russian
Serbian/Cyrillic
Slovic
Spanish
Swedish/Finn
FRU No.
37L2551
37L2552
37L2553
37L2554
37L2555
37L2556
37L2557
37L2558
37L2559
37L2560
37L2561
37L2562
37L2563
37L2564
37L2565
37L2566
37L2567
37L2568
37L2569
37L2570
37L2571
37L2572
37L2573
37L2574
37L2575
37L2576
37L2577
Parts listing, Type 8646
109
Keyboard
Swiss, F/G
Turkish
Turkish
UK English
Yugosl/Lat
US English-EMEA
Japanese
Chinese/US
Thailand
French Canadian
FRU No.
37L2578
37L2579
37L2580
37L2581
37L2582
37L2583
37L2584
37L2585
37L2587
37L0913
Power cords
Power cord
China (PRC)
Japan
Thailand
Israel
Bangladesh, Burma, India, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka
Chile, Ethiopia, Italy, Libya, Somalia
Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Uruguay, Western Samoa
Antigua, Bahrain, Brunei, Channel Islands, Cyprus, Dubai, Fiji, Ghana, Hong Kong, Iraq,
Ireland, Kenya, Kuwait, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Nepal, Nigeria, Polynesia, Qatar, Sierra Leone,
Singapore, Tanzania, Uganda, United Kingdom, Yemen, Zambia
Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Austria, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep., Chad, Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, French
Guiana, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jordan,
Lebanon, Luxembourg, Macau, Malagasy, Mali, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco,
Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Caledonia, Niger, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Senegal, Slovakia, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, former USSR,
Vietnam, former Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zimbabwe
Denmark, Switzerland, Liechtenstein
Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Korea
(South), Liberia, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Saudi
Arabia, Suriname, Taiwan, Trinidad (West Indies), Venezuela
United States of America
110
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
FRU No.
01K9851
01K9853
12J5120
12J5122
12J5124
12J5126
12J5128
12J5987
55H6643
55H6646
76H4865
6952301 (110)
1838574 (220)
36L8886
(220V/15A)
Related service information
Note: The service procedures are designed to help you isolate problems. They are
written with the assumption that you have model-specific training on all
computers, or that are familiar with the computers, functions, terminology,
and service information provided in this manual.
Safety information
The following section contains the safety information that you need to be familiar
with before servicing an IBM computer.
General safety
Follow these rules to ensure general safety:
v Observe good housekeeping in the area of the machines during and after
maintenance.
v When lifting any heavy object:
1. Ensure you can stand safely without slipping.
2. Distribute the weight of the object equally between your feet.
3. Use a slow lifting force. Never move suddenly or twist when you attempt to
lift.
4. Lift by standing or by pushing up with your leg muscles; this action removes
the strain from the muscles in your back. Do not attempt to lift any objects that
weigh more than 16 kg (35 lb) or objects that you think are too heavy for you.
v Do not perform any action that causes hazards to the customer, or that makes
the equipment unsafe.
v Before you start the machine, ensure that other service representatives and the
customer’s personnel are not in a hazardous position.
v Place removed covers and other parts in a safe place, away from all personnel,
while you are servicing the machine.
v Keep your tool case away from walk areas so that other people will not trip over
it.
v Do not wear loose clothing that can be trapped in the moving parts of a
machine. Ensure that your sleeves are fastened or rolled up above your elbows.
If your hair is long, fasten it.
v Insert the ends of your necktie or scarf inside clothing or fasten it with a
nonconductive clip, approximately 8 centimeters (3 inches) from the end.
v Do not wear jewelry, chains, metal-frame eyeglasses, or metal fasteners for your
clothing.
Remember: Metal objects are good electrical conductors.
v Wear safety glasses when you are: hammering, drilling soldering, cutting wire,
attaching springs, using solvents, or working in any other conditions that might
be hazardous to your eyes.
v After service, reinstall all safety shields, guards, labels, and ground wires.
Replace any safety device that is worn or defective.
v Reinstall all covers correctly before returning the machine to the customer.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2001
111
Electrical safety
CAUTION:
Electrical current from power, telephone, and communication cables can be
hazardous. To avoid personal injury or equipment damage, disconnect the
attached power cords, telecommunication systems, networks, and modems before
you open the server covers, unless instructed otherwise in the installation and
configuration procedures.
Observe the following rules when working on electrical equipment.
Important: Use only approved tools and test equipment. Some hand tools have
handles covered with a soft material that does not insulate you when
working with live electrical currents.
Many customers have, near their equipment, rubber floor mats that
contain small conductive fibers to decrease electrostatic discharges. Do
not use this type of mat to protect yourself from electrical shock.
v Find the room emergency power-off (EPO) switch, disconnecting switch, or
electrical outlet. If an electrical accident occurs, you can then operate the switch
or unplug the power cord quickly.
v Do not work alone under hazardous conditions or near equipment that has
hazardous voltages.
v Disconnect all power before:
– Performing a mechanical inspection
– Working near power supplies
– Removing or installing main units
v Before you start to work on the machine, unplug the power cord. If you cannot
unplug it, ask the customer to power-off the wall box that supplies power to the
machine and to lock the wall box in the off position.
v If you need to work on a machine that has exposed electrical circuits, observe
the following precautions:
– Ensure that another person, familiar with the power-off controls, is near you.
Remember: Another person must be there to switch off the power, if
necessary.
– Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment;
keep the other hand in your pocket or behind your back.
Remember: There must be a complete circuit to cause electrical shock. By
observing the above rule, you may prevent a current from passing through
your body.
– When using testers, set the controls correctly and use the approved probe
leads and accessories for that tester.
– Stand on suitable rubber mats (obtained locally, if necessary) to insulate you
from grounds such as metal floor strips and machine frames.
Observe the special safety precautions when you work with very high voltages;
these instructions are in the safety sections of maintenance information. Use
extreme care when measuring high voltages.
112
Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
v Regularly inspect and maintain your electrical hand tools for safe operational
condition.
v Do not use worn or broken tools and testers.
v Never assume that power has been disconnected from a circuit. First, check that it
has been powered-off.
v Always look carefully for possible hazards in your work area. Examples of these
hazards are moist floors, nongrounded power extension cables, power surges,
and missing safety grounds.
v Do not touch live electrical circuits with the reflective surface of a plastic dental
mirror. The surface is conductive; such touching can cause personal injury and
machine damage.
v Do not service the following parts with the power on when they are removed
from their normal operating places in a machine:
– Power supply units
– Pumps
– Blowers and fans
– Motor generators
and similar units. (This practice ensures correct grounding of the units.)
v If an electrical accident occurs:
– Use caution; do not become a victim yourself.
– Switch off power.
– Send another person to get medical aid.
Safety inspection guide
The intent of this inspection guide is to assist you in identifying potentially unsafe
conditions on these products. Each machine, as it was designed and built, had
required safety items installed to protect users and service personnel from injury.
This guide addresses only those items. However, good judgment should be used to
identify potential safety hazards due to attachment of non-IBM features or options
not covered by this inspection guide.
If any unsafe conditions are present, you must determine how serious the apparent
hazard could be and whether you can continue without first correcting the
problem.
Consider these conditions and the safety hazards they present:
v Electrical hazards, especially primary power (primary voltage on the frame can
cause serious or fatal electrical shock).
v Explosive hazards, such as a damaged CRT face or bulging capacitor
v Mechanical hazards, such as loose or missing hardware
The guide consists of a series of steps presented in a checklist. Begin the checks
with the power off, and the power cord disconnected.
Checklist:
1. Check exterior covers for damage (loose, broken, or sharp edges).
2. Power-off the computer. Disconnect the power cord.
3. Check the power cord for:
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a. A third-wire ground connector in good condition. Use a meter to measure
third-wire ground continuity for 0.1 ohm or less between the external
ground pin and frame ground.
b. The power cord should be the appropriate type as specified in the parts
listings.
c. Insulation must not be frayed or worn.
4. Remove the cover.
5. Check for any obvious non-IBM alterations. Use good judgment as to the safety
of any non-IBM alterations.
6. Check inside the unit for any obvious unsafe conditions, such as metal filings,
contamination, water or other liquids, or signs of fire or smoke damage.
7. Check for worn, frayed, or pinched cables.
8. Check that the power-supply cover fasteners (screws or rivets) have not been
removed or tampered with.
Handling static-sensitive devices
Any computer part containing transistors or integrated circuits (ICs) should be
considered sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD). ESD damage can occur when
there is a difference in charge between objects. Protect against ESD damage by
equalizing the charge so that the machine, the part, the work mat, and the person
handling the part are all at the same charge.
Notes:
1. Use product-specific ESD procedures when they exceed the requirements noted
here.
2. Make sure that the ESD protective devices you use have been certified (ISO
9000) as fully effective.
When handling ESD-sensitive parts:
v Keep the parts in protective packages until they are inserted into the product.
v Avoid contact with other people.
v Wear a grounded wrist strap against your skin to eliminate static on your body.
v Prevent the part from touching your clothing. Most clothing is insulative and
retains a charge even when you are wearing a wrist strap.
v Use the black side of a grounded work mat to provide a static-free work surface.
The mat is especially useful when handling ESD-sensitive devices.
v Select a grounding system, such as those listed below, to provide protection that
meets the specific service requirement.
Note: The use of a grounding system is desirable but not required to protect
against ESD damage.
– Attach the ESD ground clip to any frame ground, ground braid, or green-wire
ground.
– Use an ESD common ground or reference point when working on a
double-insulated or battery-operated system. You can use coax or
connector-outside shells on these systems.
– Use the round ground-prong of the ac plug on ac-operated computers.
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Grounding requirements
Electrical grounding of the computer is required for operator safety and correct
system function. Proper grounding of the electrical outlet can be verified by a
certified electrician.
Safety notices (multi-lingual translations)
The caution and danger safety notices in this section are provided in the following
languages:
v English
v Brazilian/Portuguese
v Chinese
v French
v German
v Italian
v Korean
v Spanish
Important: All caution and danger statements in this IBM documentation begin
with a number. This number is used to cross reference an English
caution or danger statement with translated versions of the caution or
danger statement in this section.
For example, if a caution statement begins with a number 1,
translations for that caution statement appear in this section under
statement 1.
Be sure to read all caution and danger statements before performing
any of the instructions.
v Statement 1
DANGER
Electrical current from power, telephone and communication cables is hazardous.
To avoid a shock hazard:
v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation, maintenance,
or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm.
v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet.
v Connect to properly wired outlets any equipment that will be attached to this
product.
v When possible, use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables.
v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire, water, or
structural damage.
v Disconnect the attached power cords, telecommunications systems, networks,
and modems before you open the device covers, unless instructed otherwise
in the installation and configuration procedures.
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v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following table when
installing, moving, or opening covers on this product or attached devices.
To Connect
To Disconnect
1. Turn everything OFF.
1. Turn everything OFF.
2. First, attach all cables to devices.
2. First, remove power cords from outlet.
3. Attach signal cables to connectors.
3. Remove signal cables from connectors.
4. Attach power cords to outlet.
4. Remove all cables from devices.
5. Turn device ON.
v Statement 2
CAUTION:
When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an
equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has a
module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module type
made by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can explode if
not properly used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
v Throw or immerse into water
v Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
v Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
v Statement 3
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD-ROM drives, fiber optic devices,
or transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could
result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts
inside the device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those
specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
DANGER: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser
diode. Note the following:
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view
directly with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the
beam.
v Statement 4
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≥18 kg (37 lbs)
≥32 kg (70.5 lbs)
≥55 kg (121.2 lbs)
CAUTION:
Use safe practices when lifting.
v Statement 5
CAUTION:
The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current from
the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power source.
2
1
v Statement 10
CAUTION:
Do not place any object weighing more than 82 kg (180 lbs.) on top of
rack-mounted devices.
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Importante:
Todas as instruções de cuidado e perigo da IBM documentation começam com um
número. Este número é utilizado para fazer referência cruzada de uma instrução
de cuidado ou perigo no idioma inglês com as versões traduzidas das instruções
de cuidado ou perigo encontradas nesta seção.
Por exemplo, se uma instrução de cuidado é iniciada com o número 1, as
traduções para aquela instrução de cuidado aparecem nesta seção sob a instrução
1.
Certifique-se de ler todas as instruções de cuidado e perigo antes de executar
qualquer operação.
Instrução 1
PERIGO
A corrente elétrica proveniente de cabos de alimentação, de telefone e de
comunicações é perigosa.
Para evitar risco de choque:
v Não conecte ou desconecte cabos e não realize instalação, manutenção ou
reconfiguração deste produto durante uma tempestade com raios.
v Conecte todos os cabos de alimentação a tomadas elétricas corretamente
instaladas e aterradas.
v Conecte todos os equipamentos ao qual esse produto será conectado a tomadas
corretamente instaladas.
v Sempre que possível, utilize apenas uma das mãos para conectar ou desconectar
cabos de sinal.
v Nunca ligue qualquer equipamento quando existir evidência de danos por fogo,
água ou na estrutura.
v Desconecte cabos de alimentação, sistemas de telecomunicação, redes e modems
antes de abrir as tampas dos dispositivos, a menos que especificado de maneira
diferente nos procedimentos de instalação e configuração.
v Conecte e desconecte cabos conforme descrito na seguinte tabela, ao instalar ou
movimentar este produto ou os dispositivos conectados, ou ao abrir suas
tampas.
Para Conectar:
Para Desconectar:
1. DESLIGUE Tudo.
1. DESLIGUE Tudo.
2. Primeiramente, conecte todos os cabos
aos dispositivos.
2. Primeiramente, remova os cabos de
alimentação das tomadas.
3. Conecte os cabos de sinal aos
conectores.
3. Remova os cabos de sinal dos conectores.
4. Conecte os cabos de alimentação às
tomadas.
5. LIGUE os dispositivos.
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4. Remova todos os cabos dos dispositivos.
Instrução 2
CUIDADO:
Ao substituir a bateria de lítio, utilize apenas uma bateria IBM, Número de Peça
33F8354 ou uma bateria de tipo equivalente, recomendada pelo fabricante. Se o seu
sistema possui um móídulo com uma bateria de lítio, substitua-o apenas pelo
mesmo tipo de mídulo, do mesmo fabricante. A bateria contém lítio e pode
explodir se não for utilizada, manuseada e descartada de maneira correta.
Não:
v Jogue ou coloque na água
v Aqueça a mais de 1008C (2128F)
v Conserte nem desmonte
Para descartar a bateria, entre em contato com a área de atendimento a clientes
IBM, pelo telefone (011) 889-8986, para obter informações sobre como enviar a
bateria pelo correio para a IBM.
Instrução 3
PRECAUCIÓN:
Quando produtos a laser (unidades de CD-ROM, unidades de DVD, dispositivos
de fibra ítica, transmissores, etc.) estiverem instalados, observe o seguinte:
v Não remova as tampas. A remoção das tampas de um produto a laser pode
resultar em exposição prejudicial à radiação de laser. Nenhuma peça localizada
no interior do dispositivo pode ser consertada.
v A utilização de controles ou ajustes ou a execução de procedimentos diferentes
dos especificados aqui pode resultar em exposição prejudicial à radiação.
PERIGO
Alguns produtos a laser contêm um diodo laser da Classe 3A ou Classe 3B
embutido. Observe o seguinte:
Radiação de laser quando aberto. Não olhe diretamente para o raio a olho nu ou
com instrumentos íticos, e evite exposição direta ao raio.
Instrução 4
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≥18 kg (37 lbs)
≥32 kg (70.5 lbs)
≥55 kg (121.2 lbs)
CUIDADO:
Ao levantar a máquina, faça-o com segurança.
Instrução 5
CUIDADO:
Os botões Liga/Desliga localizados no dispositivo e na fonte de alimentação não
desligam a corrente elétrica fornecida ao dispositivo. O dispositivo também pode
ter mais de um cabo de alimentação. Para remover toda a corrente elétrica do
dispositivo, assegure que todos os cabos de alimentação estejam desconectados da
fonte de energia elétrica.
2
1
CUIDADO:
Instrução 10
CUIDADO:
Não coloque nenhum objeto com peso superior a 82 kg (180 lbs.) sobre dispositivos
montados em rack.
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Important:
Toutes les consignes Attention et Danger indiquées dans la bibliothèque IBM
documentation sont précédées d’un numéro. Ce dernier permet de mettre en
correspondance la consigne en anglais avec ses versions traduites dans la présente
section.
Par exemple, si une consigne de type Attention est précédée du chiffre 1, ses
traductions sont également précédées du chiffre 1 dans la présente section.
Prenez connaissance de toutes les consignes de type Attention et Danger avant de
procéder aux opérations décrites par les instructions.
Notice n° 1
DANGER
Le courant électrique passant dans les câbles de communication, ou les cordons
téléphoniques et d’alimentation peut être dangereux.
Pour éviter tout risque de choc électrique:
v Ne manipulez aucun câble et n’effectuez aucune opération d’installation,
d’entretien ou de reconfiguration de ce produit au cours d’un orage.
v Branchez tous les cordons d’alimentation sur un socle de prise de courant
correctement câblé et mis à la terre.
v Branchez sur des socles de prise de courant correctement câblés tout équipement
connecté à ce produit.
v Lorsque cela est possible, n’utilisez qu’une seule main pour connecter ou
déconnecter les câbles d’interface.
v Ne mettez jamais un équipement sous tension en cas d’incendie ou d’inondation,
ou en présence de dommages matériels.
v Avant de retirer les carters de l’unité, mettez celle-ci hors tension et déconnectez
ses cordons d’alimentation, ainsi que les câbles qui la relient aux réseaux, aux
systèmes de télécommunication et aux modems (sauf instruction contraire
mentionnée dans les procédures d’installation et de configuration).
v Lorsque vous installez ou que vous déplacez le présent produit ou des
périphériques qui lui sont raccordés, reportez-vous aux instructions ci-dessous
pour connecter et déconnecter les différents cordons.
Connexion
Déconnexion
1. Mettez les unités hors tension.
1. Mettez les unités hors tension.
2. Commencez par brancher tous les
cordons sur les unités.
2. Débranchez les cordons d’alimentation
des prises.
3. Branchez les câbles d’interface sur des
connecteurs.
3. Débranchez les câbles d’interface des
connecteurs.
4. Branchez les cordons d’alimentation sur 4. Débranchez tous les câbles des unités.
des prises.
5. Mettez les unités sous tension.
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Notice n° 2
ATTENTION:
Remplacez la pile au lithium usagée par une pile de référence identique
exclusivement - voir la référence IBM - ou par une pile équivalente
recommandée par le fabricant. Si votre système est doté d’un module contenant
une pile au lithium, vous devez le remplacer uniquement par un module
identique, produit par le même fabricant. La pile contient du lithium et présente
donc un risque d’explosion en cas de mauvaise manipulation ou utilisation.
v Ne la jetez pas à l’eau.
v Ne l’exposez pas à une température supérieure à 100 °C.
v Ne cherchez pas à la réparer ou à la démonter.
Pour la mise au rebut, reportez-vous à la réglementation en vigueur.
Notice n8 3
ATTENTION:
Si des produits laser sont installés (tels que des unités de CD-ROM ou de DVD,
des périphériques contenant des fibres optiques ou des émetteurs-récepteurs),
prenez connaissance des informations suivantes:
v N’ouvrez pas ces produits pour éviter une exposition directe au rayon laser.
Vous ne pouvez effectuer aucune opération de maintenance à l’intérieur.
v Pour éviter tout risque d’exposition au rayon laser, respectez les consignes de
réglage et d’utilisation des commandes, ainsi que les procédures décrites dans
le présent document.
DANGER
Certains produits laser contiennent une diode laser de classe 3A ou 3B. Prenez
connaissance des informations suivantes:
Rayonnement laser lorsque le carter est ouvert. évitez de regarder fixement le
faisceau ou de l’observer à l’aide d’instruments optiques. évitez une exposition
directe au rayon.
Notice n° 4
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≥18 kg (37 lbs)
≥32 kg (70.5 lbs)
≥55 kg (121.2 lbs)
ATTENTION:
Faites-vous aider pour soulever ce produit.
Notice n° 5
ATTENTION:
Le bouton de mise sous tension/hors tension de l’unité et l’interrupteur
d’alimentation du bloc d’alimentation ne coupent pas l’arrivée de courant
électrique à l’intérieur de la machine. Il se peut que votre unité dispose de
plusieurs cordons d’alimentation. Pour isoler totalement l’unité du réseau
électrique, débranchez tous les cordons d’alimentation des socles de prise de
courant.
2
1
Notice n° 10
ATTENTION:
Ne posez pas d’objet dont le poids dépasse 82 kg sur les unités montées en
armoire.
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Wichtig:
Alle Sicherheitshinweise in dieser IBM documentation beginnen mit einer
Nummer. Diese Nummer verweist auf einen englischen Sicherheitshinweis mit den
übersetzten Versionen dieses Hinweises in diesem Abschnitt.
Wenn z. B. ein Sicherheitshinweis mit der Nummer 1 beginnt, so erscheint die
übersetzung für diesen Sicherheitshinweis in diesem Abschnitt unter dem Hinweis
1.
Lesen Sie alle Sicherheitshinweise, bevor Sie eine Anweisung ausführen.
Hinweis 1
VORSICHT
Elektrische Spannungen von Netz-, Telefon- und Datenübertragungsleitungen sind
gefährlich.
Aus Sicherheitsgründen:
v Bei Gewitter an diesem Gerät keine Kabel anschließen oder lösen. Ferner keine
Installations-, Wartungs- oder Rekonfigurationsarbeiten durchführen.
v Gerät nur an eine Schutzkontaktsteckdose mit ordnungsgemäß geerdetem
Schutzkontakt anschließen.
v Alle angeschlossenen Geräte ebenfalls an Schutzkontaktsteckdosen mit
ordnungsgemäß geerdetem Schutzkontakt anschließen.
v Signalkabel möglichst einhändig anschließen oder lösen.
v Keine Geräte einschalten, wenn die Gefahr einer Beschädigung durch Feuer,
Wasser oder andere Einflüsse besteht.
v Die Verbindung zu den angeschlossenen Netzkabeln,
Telekommunikationssystemen, Netzwerken und Modems ist vor dem öffnen des
Gehäuses zu unterbrechen. Es sei denn, dies ist in den zugehörigen Installationsund Konfigurationsprozeduren anders angegeben.
v Nur nach den nachfolgend aufgeführten Anweisungen arbeiten, die für
Installation, Transport oder öffnen von Gehäusen von Personal Computern oder
angeschlossenen Einheiten gelten.
Kabel anschlieβen:
Kabel lösen:
1. Alle Geräte ausschalten und Netzstecker 1.
ziehen.
2.
2. Zuerst alle Kabel an Einheiten
3.
anschließen.
4.
3. Signalkabel an Anschlußbuchsen
anschließen.
4. Netzstecker an Steckdose anschließen.
5. Gerät einschalten.
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Alle Geräte ausschalten.
Zuerst Netzstecker von Steckdose lösen.
Signalkabel von Anschlußbuchsen lösen.
Alle Kabel von Einheiten lösen.
Hinweis 2
ACHTUNG:
Eine verbrauchte Batterie nur durch eine Batterie mit der IBM Teilenummer
33F8354 oder durch eine vom Hersteller empfohlene Batterie ersetzen. Wenn Ihr
System ein Modul mit einer Lithium-Batterie enthält, ersetzen Sie es immer mit
dem selben Modultyp vom selben Hersteller. Die Batterie enthält Lithium und
kann bei unsachgemäßer Verwendung, Handhabung oder Entsorgung explodieren.
Die Batterie nicht:
v mit Wasser in Berührung bringen.
v über 100 C erhitzen.
v reparieren oder zerlegen.
Die örtlichen Bestimmungen für die Entsorgung von Sondermüll beachten.
Hinweis 3
ACHTUNG:
Wenn ein Laserprodukt (z. B. CD-ROM-Laufwerke, DVD-Laufwerke, Einheiten mit
Glasfaserkabeln oder Transmitter) installiert ist, beachten Sie folgendes.
v Das Entfernen der Abdeckungen des CD-ROM-Laufwerks kann zu gefährlicher
Laserstrahlung führen. Es befinden sich keine Teile innerhalb des
CD-ROM-Laufwerks, die vom Benutzer gewartet werden müssen. Die
Verkleidung des CD-ROM-Laufwerks nicht öffnen.
v Steuer- und Einstellelemente sowie Verfahren nur entsprechend den
Anweisungen im vorliegenden Handbuch einsetzen. Andernfalls kann
gefährliche Laserstrahlung auftreten.
VORSICHT
Manche CD-ROM-Laufwerke enthalten eine eingebaute Laserdiode der Klasse 3A
oder 3B. Die nachfolgend aufgeführten Punkte beachten.
Laserstrahlung bei geöffneter Tür. Niemals direkt in den Laserstrahl sehen, nicht
direkt mit optischen Instrumenten betrachten und den Strahlungsbereich meiden.
Hinweis 4
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≥18 kg
≥32 kg
≥55 kg
ACHTUNG:
Beim Anheben der Maschine die vorgeschriebenen Sicherheitsbestimmungen
beachten.
Hinweis 5
ACHTUNG:
Mit dem Betriebsspannungsschalter an der Vorderseite des Servers und dem
Betriebsspannungsschalter am Netzteil wird die Stromversorgung für den Server
nicht unterbrochen. Der Server könnte auch mehr als ein Netzkabel aufweisen. Um
die gesamte Stromversorgung des Servers auszuschalten, muß sichergestellt
werden, daß alle Netzkabel aus den Netzsteckdosen herausgezogen wurden.
2
1
Hinweis 10
ACHTUNG:
Keine Gegenstände, die mehr als 82 kg wiegen, auf Rack-Einheiten ablegen.
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Importante:
Tutti gli avvisi di attenzione e di pericolo riportati nella pubblicazione IBM
documentation iniziano con un numero. Questo numero viene utilizzato per
confrontare avvisi di attenzione o di pericolo in inglese con le versioni tradotte
riportate in questa sezione.
Ad esempio, se un avviso di attenzione inizia con il numero 1, la relativa versione
tradotta è presente in questa sezione con la stessa numerazione.
Prima di eseguire una qualsiasi istruzione, accertarsi di leggere tutti gli avvisi di
attenzione e di pericolo.
Avviso 1
PERICOLO
La corrente elettrica circolante nei cavi di alimentazione, del telefono e di segnale è
pericolosa.
Per evitare il pericolo di scosse elettriche:
v Non collegare o scollegare i cavi, non effettuare l’installazione, la manutenzione
o la riconfigurazione di questo prodotto durante i temporali.
v Collegare tutti i cavi di alimentazione ad una presa elettrica correttamente
cablata e munita di terra di sicurezza.
v Collegare qualsiasi apparecchiatura collegata a questo prodotto ad una presa
elettrica correttamente cablata e munita di terra di sicurezza.
v Quando possibile, collegare o scollegare i cavi di segnale con una sola mano.
v Non accendere qualsiasi apparecchiatura in presenza di fuoco, acqua o se sono
presenti danni all’apparecchiatura stessa.
v Scollegare i cavi di alimentazione, i sistemi di telecomunicazioni, le reti e i
modem prima di aprire i coperchi delle unità, se non diversamente indicato nelle
procedure di installazione e configurazione.
v Collegare e scollegare i cavi come descritto nella seguente tabella quando si
effettuano l’installazione, la rimozione o l’apertura dei coperchi di questo
prodotto o delle unità collegate.
Per collegare:
Per scollegare:
1. SPEGNERE tutti i dispositivi.
1. SPEGNERE tutti i dispositivi.
2. Collegare prima tutti i cavi alle unità.
3. Collegare i cavi di segnale ai connettori.
2. Rimuovere prima i cavi di alimentazione
dalle prese elettriche.
4. Collegare i cavi di alimentazione alle
prese elettriche.
3. Rimuovere i cavi di segnale dai
connettori.
5. ACCENDERE le unità.
4. Rimuovere tutti i cavi dalle unità.
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Avviso 2
ATTENZIONE:
Quando si sostituisce la batteria al litio, utilizzare solo una batteria IBM con
numero parte 33F8354 o batterie dello stesso tipo o di tipo equivalente consigliate
dal produttore. Se il sistema di cui si dispone è provvisto di un modulo contenente
una batteria al litio, sostituire tale batteria solo con un tipo di modulo uguale a
quello fornito dal produttore. La batteria contiene litio e può esplodere se
utilizzata, maneggiata o smaltita impropriamente.
Evitare di:
v Gettarla o immergerla in acqua
v Riscaldarla ad una temperatura superiore ai 1008C
v Cercare di ripararla o smontarla
Smaltire secondo la normativa in vigore (D.Lgs 22 del 5/2/9) e successive
disposizioni nazionali e locali.
Avviso 3
ATTENZIONE:
Quando si installano prodotti laser come, ad esempio, le unità DVD, CD-ROM, a
fibre ottiche o trasmettitori, prestare attenzione a quanto segue:
v Non rimuovere i coperchi. L’apertura dei coperchi di prodotti laser può
determinare l’esposizione a radiazioni laser pericolose. All’interno delle unità
non vi sono parti su cui effettuare l’assistenza tecnica.
v L’utilizzo di controlli, regolazioni o l’esecuzione di procedure non descritti nel
presente manuale possono provocare l’esposizione a radiazioni pericolose.
PERICOLO
Alcuni prodotti laser contengono all’interno un diodo laser di Classe 3A o Classe
3B. Prestare attenzione a quanto segue:
Aprendo l’unità vengono emesse radiazioni laser. Non fissare il fascio, non
guardarlo direttamente con strumenti ottici ed evitare l’esposizione diretta al fascio.
Avviso 4
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
≥18 kg
≥32 kg
≥55 kg
ATTENZIONE:
Durante il sollevamento della macchina seguire delle norme di sicurezza.
Avviso 5
ATTENZIONE:
Il pulsante del controllo dell’alimentazione situato sull’unità e l’interruttore di
alimentazione posto sull’alimentatore non disattiva la corrente elettrica fornita
all’unità. L’unità potrebbe disporre di più di un cavo di alimentazione. Per
disattivare la corrente elettrica dall’unità, accertarsi che tutti i cavi di alimentazione
siano scollegati dalla sorgente di alimentazione.
2
1
Avviso 10
ATTENZIONE:
Non poggiare oggetti che pesano più di 82 kg sulla parte superiore delle unità
montate in rack.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Importante:
Todas las declaraciones de precauciín de esta IBM documentation empiezan con un
número. Dicho número se emplea para establecer una referencia cruzada de una
declaraciín de precauciín o peligro en inglés con las versiones traducidas que de
dichas declaraciones pueden encontrarse en esta secciín.
Por ejemplo, si una declaraciín de peligro empieza con el número 1, las
traducciones de esta declaraciín de precauciín aparecen en esta secciín bajo
Declaraciín 1.
Lea atentamente todas las declaraciones de precauciín y peligro antes de llevar a
cabo cualquier operaciín.
Declaración 1
PELIGRO
La corriente eléctrica de los cables telefínicos, de alimentaciín y de comunicaciones
es perjudicial.
Para evitar una descarga eléctrica:
v No conecte ni desconecte ningún cable ni realice las operaciones de instalaciín,
mantenimiento o reconfiguraciín de este producto durante una tormenta.
v Conecte cada cable de alimentaciín a una toma de alimentaciín eléctrica con
conexiín a tierra y cableado correctos.
v Conecte a tomas de alimentaciín con un cableado correcto cualquier equipo que
vaya a estar conectado a este producto.
v Si es posible, utilice una sola mano cuando conecte o desconecte los cables de
sent.al.
v No encienda nunca un equipo cuando haya riesgos de incendio, de inundaciín o
de daños estructurales.
v Desconecte los cables de alimentaciín, sistemas de telecomunicaciones, redes y
mídems conectados antes de abrir las cubiertas del dispositivo a menos que se
indique lo contrario en los procedimientos de instalaciín y configuraciín.
v Conecte y desconecte los cables tal como se describe en la tabla siguiente cuando
desee realizar una operaciín de instalaciín, de traslado o de apertura de las
cubiertas para este producto o para los dispositivos conectados.
Para la conexin
Para la desconexiín
1. APÁGUELO todo.
1. APÁGUELO todo.
2. En primer lugar, conecte los cables a los 2. En primer lugar, retire cada cable de
dispositivos.
alimentaciín de la toma de alimentaciín.
3. Conecte los cables de señal a los
conectores.
3. Retire los cables de señal de los
conectores.
4. Conecte cada cable de alimentaciín a la
toma de alimentaciín.
4. Retire los cables de los dispositivos.
5. ENCIENDA el dispositivo.
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Declaración 2
PRECAUCIÓN:
Cuando desee sustituir la batería de litio, utilice únicamente el número de pieza
33F8354 de IBM o cualquier tipo de batería equivalente que recomiende el
fabricante. Si el sistema tiene un mídulo que contiene una batería de litio,
sustitúyalo únicamente por el mismo tipo de mídulo, que ha de estar creado por el
mismo fabricante. La batería contiene litio y puede explotar si el usuario no la
utiliza ni la maneja de forma adecuada o si no se desprende de la misma como
corresponde.
No realice las acciones siguientes:
v Arrojarla al agua o sumergirla
v Calentarla a una temperatura que supere los 1008C (2128F)
v Repararla o desmontarla
Despréndase de la batería siguiendo los requisitos que exija el reglamento o la
legislaciín local.
Declaración 3
PRECAUCIÓN:
Cuando instale productos láser (como, por ejemplo, CD-ROM, unidades DVD,
dispositivos de fibra íptica o transmisores), tenga en cuenta las advertencias
siguientes:
v No retire las cubiertas. Si retira las cubiertas del producto láser, puede quedar
expuesto a radiaciín láser perjudicial. Dentro del dispositivo no existe ninguna
pieza que requiera mantenimiento.
v El uso de controles o ajustes o la realizaciín de procedimientos que no sean los
que se han especificado aquí pueden dar como resultado una exposiciín
perjudicial a las radiaciones.
PELIGRO
Algunos productos láser contienen un diodo de láser incorporado de Clase 3A o de
Clase 3B. Tenga en cuenta la advertencia siguiente.
Cuando se abre, hay radiaciín láser. No mire fijamente el rayo ni lleve a cabo
ningún examen directamente con instrumentos ípticos; evite la exposiciín directa al
rayo.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Declaración 4
≥18 kg
≥32 kg
≥55 kg
PRECAUCIÓN:
Tome medidas de seguridad al levantar el producto.
Declaración 5
PRECAUCIÓN:
El botín de control de alimentaciín del dispositivo y el interruptor de alimentaciín
de la fuente de alimentaciín no apagan la corriente eléctrica suministrada al
dispositivo. Es posible también que el dispositivo tenga más de un cable de
alimentaciín. Para eliminar la corriente eléctrica del dispositivo, asegúrese de
desconectar todos los cables de alimentaciín de la fuente de alimentaciín.
2
1
Declaración 10
PRECAUCIÓN:
No coloque ningún objeto que pese más de 82 kg (180 libras) encima de los
dispositivos montados en bastidor.
Related service information
143
Send us your comments!
We want to know your opinion about this manual (part number 24P2925). Your
input will help us to improve our publications.
Please photocopy this survey, complete it, and then fax it to IBM HMM Survey at
919-543-8167 (USA).
Name: _________________________________________
Phone number: __________________________________
1.
Do you like this manual?
h Yes h No
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2.
What would you like to see added, changed, or deleted in this manual?
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What is your service experience level?
h Less than five years
4.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
Problem determination tips
Due to the variety of hardware and software combinations that can be
encountered, use the following information to assist you in problem determination.
If possible, have this information available when requesting assistance from Service
Support and Engineering functions.
v Machine type and model
v Processor or hard disk upgrades
v Failure symptom
– Do diagnostics fail?
– What, when, where, single, or multiple systems?
– Is the failure repeatable?
– Has this configuration ever worked?
– If it has been working, what changes were made prior to it failing?
– Is this the original reported failure?
v Reference/Diagnostics version
– Type and version level
v Hardware configuration
– Print (print screen) configuration currently in use
– BIOS level
v Operating system software
– Type and version level
Note: To eliminate confusion, identical systems are considered identical only if
they:
1. Are the exact machine type and models
2. Have the same BIOS level
3. Have the same adapters/attachments in the same locations
4. Have the same address jumpers/terminators/cabling
5.
6.
7.
8.
Have
Have
Have
Have
the
the
the
the
same
same
same
same
software versions and levels
Reference/Diagnostics Diskette (version)
configuration options set in the system
setup for the operation system control files
Comparing the configuration and software set-up between ″working and
non-working″ systems will often lead to problem resolution.
Notices
References in this publication to IBM products, programs, or services do not imply
that IBM intends to make these available in all countries in which IBM operates.
Any reference to an IBM product, program, or service is not intended to state or
imply that only that IBM product, program, or service may be used. Subject to
IBM’s valid intellectual property or other legally protectable rights, any
functionally equivalent product, program, or service may be used instead of the
IBM product, program, or service. The evaluation and verification of operation in
conjunction with other products, except those expressly designated by IBM, are the
responsibility of the user.
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IBM makes no representations or warranties regarding non-IBM products. For
non-IBM software, third-party software licenses may apply.
GHz, MHz only measures microprocessor internal clock speed, not application
performance. Many factors affect application performance.
When referring to hard disk drive capacity, GB equals one billion bytes. Total
user-accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environments.
IBM makes no warranties, express or implied, regarding non-IBM products and
services that are ServerProven, including but not limited to the implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for particular purpose. These products are offered
and warranted solely by third parties.
Trademarks
The following items are trademarks of the IBM Corporation in the United States or
other countries or both:
IBM
NetBAY3
ServeRAID
ServerGuide
Light Path Diagnostics
Wake on LAN
xSeries
Active PCI
HelpCenter
SystemXtra
e-business logo
ThinkPad
ServerProven
Predictive Failure Analysis
Alert on LAN
TechConnect
OS/2
HelpFax
The following terms are trademarks of other companies:
Lotus and Lotus Notes are trademarks of Lotus Development Corporation.
Intel, Pentium and Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corporation.
UNIX is a trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.
Microsoft, Windows and Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
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Hardware Maintenance Manual: xSeries 220 Type 8646
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