Robustel | M1000 Pro V2 | User guide | Robustel M1000 Pro V2 User guide

Robustel GoRugged M1000 Pro V2
Dual SIM Industrial Serial to Cellular Gateway
For GSM/GPRS/EDGE/UMTS Networks
User Guide
Document Name:
User Guide
Firmware:
1.0.8
M1000 Pro V2 Configurator: 1.0.8
Date:
2012-11-23
Status:
/ Confidential
Doc ID:
RT_M1000_Pro V2_v01.00
www.robustel.com
Robustel GoRugged M1000 Pro V2 User Guide
About This Document
This document describes the hardware and software of the Robustel M1000 Pro V2 Dual SIM Industrial
Serial to Cellular Gateway.
Copyright© Guangzhou Robustel Technologies Co., Limited
All Rights Reserved.
Trademarks and Permissions
Robustel are trademark of Guangzhou Robustel Technologies Co. Limited.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.
Disclaimer
No part of this document may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the copyright owner.
The contents of this document are subject to revision without notice due to continued progress in methodology,
design and manufacturing. Robustel shall have no liability for any error or damage of any kind resulting from the use
of this document.
Technical Support Contact Information
Tel:
+86-2023354618
Fax:
+86-2032016426
support@robustel.com
E-mail:
Web:
www.robustel.com
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Important Notice
Due to the nature of wireless communications, transmission and reception of data can never be guaranteed. Data
may be delayed, corrupted (i.e., have errors) or be totally lost. Although significant delays or losses of data are rare
when wireless devices such as the gateway are used in a normal manner with a well-constructed network, the
gateway should not be used in situations where failure to transmit or receive data could result in damage of any kind
to the user or any other party, including but not limited to personal injury, death, or loss of property. Robustel
accepts no responsibility for damages of any kind resulting from delays or errors in data transmitted or received
using the gateway, or for failure of the gateway to transmit or receive such data.
Safety Precautions
General

The gateway generates radio frequency (RF) power. When using the gateway care must be taken on safety
issues related to RF interference as well as regulations of RF equipment.

Do not use your gateway in aircraft, hospitals, petrol stations or in places where using GSM products is
prohibited.

Be sure that the gateway will not be interfering with nearby equipment. For example: pacemakers or medical
equipment. The antenna of the gateway should be away from computers, office equipment, home appliance,
etc.

An external antenna must be connected to the gateway for proper operation. Only uses approved antenna with
the gateway. Please contact authorized distributor on finding an approved antenna.

Always keep the antenna with minimum safety distance of 26.6 cm or more from human body. Do not put the
antenna inside metallic box, containers, etc.
Note: Some airlines may permit the use of cellular phones while the aircraft is on the ground and the door is open.
Gateway may be used at this time.
Using the gateway in vehicle

Check for any regulation or law authorizing the use of GSM in vehicle in your country before installing the
gateway.

The driver or operator of any vehicle should not operate the gateway while in control of a vehicle.

Install the gateway by qualified personnel. Consult your vehicle distributor for any possible interference of
electronic parts by the gateway.

The gateway should be connected to the vehicle’s supply system by using a fuse-protected terminal in the
vehicle’s fuse box.

Be careful when the gateway is powered by the vehicle’s main battery. The battery may be drained after
extended period.
Protecting your gateway

To ensure error-free usage, please install and operate your gateway with care. Do remember the follow:

Do not expose the gateway to extreme conditions such as high humidity / rain, high temperatures, direct
sunlight, caustic / harsh chemicals, dust, or water.

Do not try to disassemble or modify the gateway. There is no user serviceable part inside and the warranty
would be void.
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



Do not drop, hit or shake the gateway. Do not use the gateway under extreme vibrating conditions.
Do not pull the antenna or power supply cable. Attach/detach by holding the connector.
Connect the gateway only according to the instruction manual. Failure to do it will void the warranty.
In case of problem, please contact authorized distributor.
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Regulatory and Type Approval Information
Table 1: Directives
2002/95/EC
Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003
on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and
electronic equipment (RoHS)
2002/96/EC
Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste electrical and electronic
equipment (WEEE)
2003/108/EC
Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 December
2003 amending directive 2002/96/ec on waste electrical and electronic
equipment (WEEE)
Table 2: Standards of the Ministry of Information Industry of the People’s Republic of China
SJ/T
11363-2006
“Requirements for Concentration Limits for Certain Hazardous Substances in Electronic Information
Products” (2006-06).
SJ/T
11364-2006
“Marking for Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products”
(2006-06).
According to the “Chinese Administration on the Control of Pollution caused
by Electronic Information Products” (ACPEIP) the EPUP, i.e., Environmental
Protection Use Period, of this product is 20 years as per the symbol shown here, unless otherwise
marked. The EPUP is valid only as long as the product is operated within the operating limits
described in the Hardware Interface Description.
Please see Table 3 for an overview of toxic or hazardous substances or elements that might be
contained in product parts in concentrations above the limits defined by SJ/T 11363-2006.
Table 3: Toxic or hazardous substances or elements with defined concentration limits
Hazardous substances
Name of the part
(Pb)
(Hg)
(Cd)
(Cr(VI))
(PBB)
(PBDE)
Metal Parts
o
o
o
o
o
o
Circuit Modules
Cables and Cable Assemblies
Plastic and Polymeric parts
x
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o:
Indicates that this toxic or hazardous substance contained in all of the homogeneous materials for this part is below
the limit requirement in SJ/T11363-2006.
x:
Indicates that this toxic or hazardous substance contained in at least one of the homogeneous materials for this
part might exceed the limit requirement in SJ/T11363-2006.
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Revision History
Updates between document versions are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document version contains all updates
made to previous versions.
Release Date
Firmware Version
Details
2012-11-23
1.00
First Release
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Contents
Chapter 1.
Product Concept ................................................................................................................................... 8
1.1
Overview .............................................................................................................................................. 8
1.2
Packing List ........................................................................................................................................... 8
1.3
Key Features ....................................................................................................................................... 10
1.4
Specifications ...................................................................................................................................... 11
1.5
Dimensions ......................................................................................................................................... 12
1.6
Selection and Ordering Data................................................................................................................ 12
Chapter 2.
Installation .......................................................................................................................................... 13
2.1
Overview ............................................................................................................................................ 13
2.2
LED Indicators ..................................................................................................................................... 13
2.3
Mounting the Gateway........................................................................................................................ 14
2.4
Installation the SIM Card ..................................................................................................................... 15
2.5
Connect the External Antenna (SMA Type) .......................................................................................... 16
2.6
Connect the Gateway to External Device ............................................................................................. 16
2.7
Grounding the Gateway ...................................................................................................................... 17
2.8
Power Supply ...................................................................................................................................... 17
Chapter 3.
Operate the Gateway .......................................................................................................................... 18
3.1
Working Mode Overview..................................................................................................................... 18
3.2
DTU Configurator Overview................................................................................................................. 18
3.2.1
Management via RS-232 port ....................................................................................................... 19
3.2.2
Management via TCP connection ................................................................................................. 21
3.2.3
Operation Area Introduction ........................................................................................................ 22
3.2.4
Export and Import Profiles ........................................................................................................... 23
3.2.5
COM ............................................................................................................................................ 24
3.2.6
Basic ............................................................................................................................................ 25
3.2.7
GPRS ............................................................................................................................................ 26
3.2.8
Dual SIM ...................................................................................................................................... 28
3.2.9
Connection .................................................................................................................................. 29
3.2.10 DDNS ........................................................................................................................................... 31
3.2.11 Phone Book ................................................................................................................................. 32
3.2.12 Wakeup ....................................................................................................................................... 32
3.2.13 Reboot ......................................................................................................................................... 34
3.2.14 Modbus ....................................................................................................................................... 35
3.2.15 Advanced..................................................................................................................................... 37
3.2.16 NMS ............................................................................................................................................ 39
3.2.17 Management ............................................................................................................................... 39
Chapter 4.
Typical Applications............................................................................................................................. 41
4.1 Overview ..................................................................................................................................................... 41
4.2
Typical Applications............................................................................................................................. 42
4.2.1 TCP Client Mode............................................................................................................................. 42
4.2.2 TCP Server Mode............................................................................................................................ 44
4.2.3
UDP Mode ................................................................................................................................... 45
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4.2.4
Virtual COM Mode ....................................................................................................................... 46
Chapter 5.
Appendix ............................................................................................................................................ 47
5.1
Factory Settings................................................................................................................................... 47
5.2
Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................................. 47
5.2.1
The modem’s LED does not light: ................................................................................................. 47
5.2.2
No connection with modem through serial link ............................................................................ 47
5.2.3
GPRS/UMTS connection cannot be established ............................................................................ 47
5.3
Terms and Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................... 48
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Chapter 1. Product Concept
1.1
Overview

Robustel GoRugged M1000 Pro V2 is a rugged serial to cellular gateway with dual SIM offering state-of-the-art
2G connectivity for machine to machine (M2M) applications.

Dual SIM redundancy for continuous cellular connections.

Automatic GPRS/UMTS connection (no AT commands required) and watchdog for reliable communications.

Transparent TCP and UDP socket connections.

Support Virtual COM (COM port redirector).

Supports ICMP, DDNS.

Built-in software selectable RS232 / RS485 interfaces, with 15 KV ESD serial line protections.
Six LED indicators provide signal strength (RSSI) and status.

The gateway supports a wide range of input voltages from 9 to 36 VDC and a wide range of temperature from
-25 to 70°C.

The metal enclosure can be mounted on a DIN-rail or on the wall, also with extra ground screw.
1.2
Packing List
Check your package to make certain it contains the following items:
 Robustel GoRugged M1000 Pro V2 gatewayx1
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
2-pin pluggable terminal block for power connector x1
 CD with user guide and configuration utility x1
Note: Please notify your sales representative if any of the above items are missing or damaged.
Optional accessories (can be purchased separately):
 SMA antenna (Stubby antenna or Magnet antenna optional) x1
Stubby antenna
Magnet antenna

Serial cable for RS232 (DB9 Female to DB9 Male, 1 meter) x1

Wall Mounting Kit
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
35mm Din-Rail mounting kit

AC/DC Power Supply Adapter (12VDC, 1A) x1
1.3


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





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



Key Features
Dual SIM redundancy for continuous cellular connections.
Auto GPRS/UMTS connect/reconnect (no AT commands required), watchdog for reliable communications.
Transparent TCP and UDP socket connections.
Supports Virtual COM (COM port redirector).
Supports ICMP, DDNS.
Supports Modbus/RTU to Modbus/TCP.
Auto reboot via SMS/Caller ID or during a preset time of a day.
Various dial-up policies, such as always online, auto disconnect GPRS when idle, wakeup by serial data, SMS,
Caller ID, during a preset time of a day or periodically at preset interval.
Auto SMS of IP for dynamic IP SIM Card.
Packetization methods: packet length / time interval / special end characters.
Remote control via SMS.
Local firmware upgrade via serial interface.
Remote firmware upgrade via TCP.
RS232/RS485 selectable by software.
Six LED indicators provide signal strength (RSSI) and status.
Wide range input voltages from 9 to 36 VDC and wide range operating temperature: ‐25 to 70 °C.
The metal enclosure can be mounted on a DIN-rail or on the wall, also with extra ground screw.
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1.4 Specifications
Cellular Interface
 Standards: GSM/GPRS/EDGE
 GPRS: max. 86 kbps (DL & UL), class 10
 EDGE: max. 236.8 kbps (DL & UL), class 12
 UMTS: max. 384 kbps (DL/UL)
 Frequency: 850/900/1800/1900 MHz for GPRS/EDGE
900/2100 MHz for UMTS
 CSD: Up to 14.4 kbps
 Output Power: 1 watt GSM1800/1900
 2 watts EGSM 900/GSM 850
 SIM: 2 x (3V & 1.8V)
 Antenna Interface: SMA Female, 50 ohms impedance
Serial Interface
 Number of Ports: 1 x DB9 Female
 Serial Standards: RS232 and RS485 selectable by software
 ESD Protection: 15KV
 Parameters: 8N1, 1200bps to 115200bps
 Flow Control: RTS/CTS, XON/XOFF
 RS-232: TxD, RxD, RTS, CTS, GND
 RS-485: Data+ (A), Data- (B), GND
System
 LED Indicators: 6 indicators, PWR, RUN, NET and 3 level RSSI
 Real Time Clock: Built-in real time clock with button battery
 Watchdog and Timer: Built-in watchdog and timer
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1.5 Dimensions
1.6
Selection and Ordering Data
Please refer to corresponding M1000 Pro V2 datasheet.
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Chapter 2. Installation
2.1
Overview
SIM Cover
2.2
LED Indicators
Name
Color
RSSI (3 LEDs) Green
NET
Red
SYS
Green
PWR
Green
Function
Cellular signal strength level
Indicating the GPRS/UMTS connection status.
GPRS/ UMTS connection established: blinking every 3s
GPRS/ UMTS connection alarm: always on
Wireless module rebooting and searching GPRS/UMTS network: blinking every 1s
Indicating the system status.
System is booting: blinking every 0.5s
System is running normally but without any GPRS/UMTS connection: blinking every 1s
System is running normally and GPRS/UMTS connection established: blinking every 3s
System is running abnormally: 2.5s on and 0.5s out during every 3s
On when DC power connected
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RSSI LEDs
None
1 bar (Only the first LED is on)
2 bars (The first and the second LED are on)
3 bars (All the RSSI LEDs are on)
The first and the second LED are blinking every 1 second
The third LED is blinking every 1 second
The second LED is blinking every 1 second
The third LED is blinking every 1 seconds
The first and the third LED are blinking every 1 second
2.3
Function
No signal or SIM card not installed properly
Weak or insufficient signal (SMS only)
Average signal (GSM/GPRS/UMTS connections)
Exceptional signal (GSM/GPRS/UMTS connections)
PIN code error
PIN code error and need to use PUK code to unlock it
No SIM card or SIM card not installed properly
Cannot communicate with wireless module.
Cannot register to network or SIM card is unavailable
Mounting the Gateway
Use 2 pcs of M3 screw to mount the gateway on the wall.
Or to mount the gateway on a DIN rail, you need three pcs of M3 screws.
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2.4 Installation the SIM Card
Be sure to insert a SIM card before you use the gateway.
Note: A SIM card set with PIN code cannot be used normally in the gateway. You need to use DTU Configurator to
unlock the PIN code of the SIM card first.
Make sure to disconnect the charger and switch off your gateway before inserting or removing your SIM/USIM card.

1.
2.
3.

1.
2.
Inserting SIM Card
Make sure your charger is disconnected.
Use a screwdriver to unscrew the screw on the cover, and then remove the cover, you could find the SIM Card
slot.
Insert the SIM card, and you need press the SIM card with your fingers until you hear “a cracking sound”. Then
use a screwdriver to screw the cover.
Removing SIM card
Make sure your charger is disconnected, and then press and hold down the power key until the gateway is
powered off.
Press the SIM card until you hear “a cracking sound”, when the SIM card will pop up to be pulled out.
Note:
1. Don’t forget screw the cover for again-theft.
2. Don’t touch the metal surface of the SIM card in case information in the card is lost or destroyed.
3. Don’t bend or scratch your SIM card. Keep the card away from electricity and magnetism.
4. Make sure to disconnect the power source from your gateway before inserting and removing your SIM card.

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2.5
Connect the External Antenna (SMA Type)
Connect this to an external antenna with SMA male connector. Make sure the antenna is for the correct frequency as
your GSM operator with impedance of 50ohm, and also connector is secured tightly.
2.6
Connect the Gateway to External Device
User can use the serial cable to connect the gateway’s DB9 female connector to external controller / computer.
PIN assignment for gateway’s DB9 female connector
DB9 Female Connector
PIN
RS232
1
RS485 (2-wire)
Data+ (A)
2
RXD
3
TXD
4
5
GND
6
Data- (B)
7
RTS
8
CTS
9
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2.7
Grounding the Gateway
Grounding and wire routing help limit the effects of noise due to electromagnetic interference (EMI). Run the ground
connection from the ground screw to the grounding surface prior to connecting devices.
Note: This product is intended to be mounted to a well-grounded mounting surface, such as a metal panel.
2.8
Power Supply
The power supply range is 9 to 36VDC.
Note: Please take care about the polarity, and do not make reverse connection.
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Chapter 3. Operate the Gateway
3.1
Working Mode Overview
There are two working modes available in the gateway, please read carefully operate the DTU Configurator software:
Mode
Description
When DIP switches to Config Mode, user could use follow functions:
1. Configure gateway via DTU Configurator ;
Config Mode
2. Upgrade firmware.
Normal Mode
Serial port parameters is fixed as 115200, 8, None, 1
When DIP switches to Normal Mode, user could use follow functions:
1. Automatic GPRS/UMTS connection (no AT commands required);
2. Auto-reboot.
Serial port default parameters: 115200, 8, None, 1
3.2
DTU Configurator Overview
DTU Configurator is a PC-based configuration software tool for managing and configuring Robustel M1000 Pro V2
gateways. With a full graphics mode and Windows-based environment, even first time users will find it easy to learn
how to use this new software tool.
DTU Configurator not only makes configuration easier, but also makes it convenient to carry out “mass deployment”
and “pre-configuration”. The most important benefits of using the “DTU Configurator” utility are:
1. Green software, no need installation;
2. Full graphics mode, easy to learn how to configure the M1000 Pro V2 gateways;
3. The configuration profile can be easily stored, and then replicated to other gateways;
4. Easy to upgrade gateway firmware.
Note: DTU Configurator can be used with Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7 32/64-bit operation systems.
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3.2.1 Management via RS-232 port
1.
2.
Switch the gateway to “Config Mode”, connect the RS-232 port of the gateway to a host PC, and then power on
the gateway.
Double click “DTU Configurator.exe” to start the software.
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3.
Click
on the operation area, you can see the popup window as below:
4.
Select “Serial” and the correct COM port which is connecting to the gateway in the drop down boxes. Then click
“OK”.
Note: Serial is the default management mode of DTU configurator.
5.
Select the correct COM port, then click
button.
After that you can see the popup windows “Operation Succeed”.
Note: The RS-232 connector uses the standard PINOUT. A direct male DB9 to female DB9 cable can be used to
connect to a PC’s serial port. If you use a USB-to-serial product to configure the gateway may cause unexpected
errors when configuring the gateway.
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3.2.2 Management via TCP connection
1.
Double click “DTU Configurator.exe” to start the software.
2.
Click
3.
Select “TCP” and the correct mode in the drop down boxes, and enter the local TCP port. If you choose client
mode, you need to enter the remote gateway’s IP address. Then click “OK”.
4.
Click
on the operation area, you can see the popup window as below:
button.
a)
If you choose TCP client mode, the configurator will establish a TCP connection to the remote gateway
which works as TCP server.
b) If you choose TCP server mode, the configurator will be in listening status. Then you need to send an SMS to
the remote gateway to trigger it to establish a TCP connection with configurator. The form of SMS is “0009,
configurator’s IP address, configurator’s TCP port”.
Note:
i.
The NMS function of gateway must have been enabled. Please refer to 3.2.17 NMS.
ii.
The cell phone’s number must be included in gateway’s phonebook.
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5.
After that you can see the popup windows “Operation Succeed”.
3.2.3 Operation Area Introduction
Menu
Icon
Description
File->Exit
Exit the DTU Configurator.
settings->Communication
Set the communication ways of configurator: Serial or TCP.
Settings->Export
Export the gateway’s current configuration file to your
local PC.
Settings->Import
Import the gateway’s configuration file from local PC to
the gateway.
Help->About
Show some notices about this configurator.
Help->About
Manufacturer’s information and Gateway Configuratior
version.
Port No.
Select the local RS-232 port to communicate with the
gateway.
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Connect
Disconnect
Connect the DTU Configurator to the gateway, which will
use the PC’s local RS-232 port.
Disconnect the DTU Configurator to the gateway and
release the PC’s RS-232 port.
Read
Read gateway’s current settings.
Write
Save changes into gateway.
Note: Some parameters changes need to reboot to take
effect.
Default
Set gateway to default factory settings.
Reboot
Reboot the gateway.
After rebooting, user should disconnect and re-connect to
the RS-232 port again.
Exit
Exit the DTU Configurator.
Disconnecting
Connecting
Gateway is not communicating with DTU Configurator.
Gateway is communicating with DTU Configurator.
Show the current RS-232 management communication
parameter.
Show the current TCP management communication
parameter.
Show the gateway’s current firmware and hardware
version.
Serial Management Settings
TCP Management Settings
Versions
Important Notice
You must save your parameter changes by clicking “Write” button and then reboot your M1000 by clicking “Reboot”
button to take effect for the parameter changes.
3.2.4 Export and Import Profiles
Users could export gateway settings from one gateway, and then import the same settings to other gateways, which
makes it convenient to carry out “mass deployment” and “pre-configuration”.
1. Select Export from the Settings menu. Then select a folder and enter the file name for the profile. Click on Save,
then it will popup “Export Succeed” windows.
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2. Select Import from the Settings menu. Then select a profile. Click on Open.
3. Click “Write” button then it will popup “Import Succeed” windows.
3.2.5 COM
This tab allows user to set the parameters of serial com port:
Basic
Item
Description
COM Type
Select from “RS232” and “RS485”.
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Baud Rate
Data Bits
Flow Ctrl
Parity
Stop Bits
Interval Timeout
Packet Length
Delimiter
Delimiter Process
Select from “1200”, “2400”, “4800”, “9600”, “19200”, “38400”,
“57600” and “115200”.
Select from “7” and “8”.
Select from “None” and “Hardware”.
Select from “None”, “Odd”, “Even”, “Mark” and “Space”.
Select from “1” and “2”.
This value allows gateway to packet the received data as a TCP/UDP
packet and sends it out even the size of them hasn’t reached the
limit of Packet Length.
The limits size of the received data that gateway will packet as a
TCP/UDP packet.
Note: 0 is the same as the default value of TCP MSS, 1460.
The delimiter indicate gateway to packet the received data as a
TCP/UDP packet and sends it out even the size of them hasn’t
reached the limit of Packet Length.
Select from “Do Nothing” and “Strip Delimiter”.
115200
8
None
None
1
5
0
00
Do Nothing
3.2.6 Basic
This tab allows user to set follow items:
Basic
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Item
Device Name
SMS Control Password
SMS Ctrl Phone Group
SIM Card PIN Setup
Description
Write down the description name of the gateway, such as write
down the gateway installation site name in order to identify each
gateway.
Password for SMS control, including remote configuration and
remote reading gateway status.
The password can be left as null, maximum 20 ASCII characters.
Set the Phone group which is permitted to SMS control this gateway
Select from “Disable PIN Lock” and “Enable PIN Lock”.
After enable PIN lock, user could input your SIM’s PIN and store the
current PIN in its memory, and then enter the PIN automatically each
time the system boots up.
Note: Please ask your local GSM ISP to see whether your SIM card
requiring PIN or not.
If user wants to change the SIM PIN, please tick the “Change PIN
Code” checkbox to enable it, and then input the new PIN at “Input
New PIN Code”.
Default
DTU
null
1
Disable
3.2.7 GPRS
The major difference between M1000 Pro V2 serial to GPRS/UMTS gateway and traditional modem such as
M1000/M1000 Lite is that M1000 Pro V2 built-in PPP and TCP/IP protocols, supports automatic GPRS/UMTS
connection, no AT commands required, which can enable transparent TCP/UDP transmission.
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Traditional GPRS gateway can only dialup to internet via external PPP enabled host device such as PC, PLC with
built-in PPP protocol.
This tab allows user to set GPRS/UMTS and related items for automatic GPRS/UMTS connection:
GPRS
Item
Description
APN
Access Point Name for cellular dial-up connection, provided by local ISP.
Auth Type
Selected from “None” , “Auto”, “PAP” and “CHAP” as the local ISP required.
User Name
User Name for cellular dial-up connection, provided by local ISP.
Password
Password for cellular dial-up connection, provided by local ISP.
Selected from “Use Peer DNS” and “Manual”.
DNS
Use Peer DNS: to automatically have DNS server assigned from local ISP.
Manual: input DNS server’s IP address manually in DNS 1 and DNS 2 field.
DNS 1
Input DNS server’s IP address after enable DNS->Manual.
DNS 2
Input secondary DNS server’s IP address after enable DNS->Manual.
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Null
Auto
Null
Null
Use
Peer
DNS
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3.2.8 Dual SIM
This tab allows user to set the SIM cards’ priorities, backup policies and other related parameters.
Dual SIM
Item
Description
Preferred SIM
Set the preferred SIM card from SIM 1 or SIM 2.
Set revert back policies when the gateway work with the backup SIM card.
Auto Failover: Gateway will revert back to preferred SIM card when dial up failed or
according to the failover policy you select.
SIM Revert Back Try Preferred: Gateway will try to revert back to preferred SIM card when the GPRS/
UMTS connectivity in idle state.
Note: the idle state of GPRS/ UMTS connectivity is depend on the inactivity time you set
in Connection -> Connection Control -> Inactivity Time.
Set the failover policies to switch to another SIM card.
Ping timeout continuously: If gateway ping the preset address timeout continuously for
Max Retries time, it will switch to the other SIM card.
Note: User can preset the address and the Max Retries time in Connection -> Ping
Failover Policies Control (ICMP).
Monthly data traffic limitation: If the SIM card that the gateway worked with currently
has reached the data traffic limitation you preset, it will switch to the other SIM card.
Switch to backup SIM when preferred SIM is roaming: Gateway will Switch to backup
SIM card when preferred SIM card is roaming.
Home Location The identifier for gateway to check if it is in home location area or in roaming area, and
Area Identifier
decide if it need to switch back to preferred SIM card.
Data
Traffic SIM limitation: Set the monthly data traffic limitation.
Setting
Already Use: Current data traffic amount of this month.
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3.2.9 Connection
This tab allows user to set the TCP/UDP connections and other related parameters.
Connection
Item
Description
Selected from “TCP Client”, “TCP Server” and “UDP”.
TCP Client: Gateway works as TCP client, initiate TCP connection to TCP server, the server
Mode
@
address supports both IP and domain name.
Socket
TCP Server: Gateway works as TCP server, listening for connection request from TCP
Application
client.
UDP: Gateway works as UDP client.
When gateway works as TCP client, user should input peer TCP server’s IP or domain in
Address @ this item.
Socket
When gateway works as TCP server, this item is unavailable.
Application
When gateway works as UDP client, user should input peer UDP server’s IP or domain in
this item.
When gateway works as TCP client, user should input peer TCP server’s port in this item.
When gateway works as TCP server, user should input TCP server’s listening port in this
Port
item.
When gateway works as UDP client, user should input peer UDP server’s port in this item.
Mode
@ Select from “Always Online” and “Connect On Demand”.
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Connection
Control
Always Online: Gateway will automatically a GPRS/UMTS connection after power on and
each restarts, this will remain and will be re-established after an interruption.
Connect On Demand: After selection this option, user could configure wakeup at preset
time, wakeup by Call, wakeup by SMS, wakeup by local serial port data at Wakeup Tab.
User could configure this field after setting gateway under Connect On Demand mode,
Inactivity
input from 10 to 1200 seconds.
Time
This field specifies the idle time setting for GPRS/UMTS auto-disconnection and trying to
revert back to preferred SIM card.
The maximum retries times for automatically re-connect when gateway fails to dial up,
Max Retries input from 1 to 60.
@
After maximum retries, gateway will reboot the wireless module. If gateway still cannot
Connection
dial up successfully, it will try to switch to the other SIM card. Then gateway will
Control
re-connect with the other SIM card with maximum retries.
When connecting successful, the Max Retries counter will be set to 0.
Connection
Gateway will automatically re-connect with this interval when it fails communicating to
Interval
peer via TCP or UDP, input from 10 to 1200 seconds.
Click to enable Online SMS Notification function, which will send SMS to the phone
numbers included in the Phone Group in this tab.
Online SMS Notification includes follow information:
Name:
Enable
Reg:
Online
RSSI:
Notification Operator:
Local IP:
Time:
Note: Local IP is the gateway’s IP address assigned by ISP when dial-up to cellular network
successful.
Phone
Set the phone group which the online SMS notification sent to.
Group
Shut Down
Enable to set the gateway to shut down module when connectivity is in idle state. This
Module
function only can be configured under Connect On Demand mode.
When Idle
Address @
Ping Control Gateway will ping this address to check that if the current connectivity is active.
(ICMP)
Interval
Set the ping interval time.
If gateway ping the preset address timeout continuously for Max Retries time, it will try
Max Retries
to re-connect to GPRS/UMTS network, or it will switch to the other SIM card if you
@
Ping
enable the Ping timeout continuously in Failover Policies.
Control
0 stands for gateway only try to keep to ping the address continuously and will do
(ICMP)
nothing else even timeout every time.
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5
60
Disable
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3.2.10 DDNS
This tab allows user to set the DDNS server and other related parameters.
DDNS
Item
Description
Selected from None, dyndns, 3322 and No-IP.
Server
None: Disable DDNS function.
dyndns, 3322 and No-IP: Corresponding to three DDNS service providers.
Host
Enter the Host name the DDNS server provided.
User Name
Enter the user name the DDNS server provided.
Password
Enter password the DDNS server provided.
Last Response Show the last response from the DDNS server.
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3.2.11 Phone Book
This tab allows user to set the phone numbers and which phone group they are belonged to.
Phone Book
Item
Description
Default
Phone NO.
Input the telephone number.
Null
Select different phone numbers to include them in the same phone Null
Phone Group
group.
Note: The Phone NO. must be written in international format, starting with “+” followed by the country code.
3.2.12 Wakeup
M1000 Pro V2 supports various dial-up policies, for example serial data wakeup, wakeup on caller ID, wakeup on SMS
and wakeup on preset time of a day.
In this page, user can set up different wakeup policies.
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Wakeup
Item
Description
Default
Tick the Time checkbox to allow gateway automatic connects to Disable
Time
GPRS/UMTS with preset time schedule every day, support maximum 3
time schedule/day (e.g. 07:00, 11:00 and 23:30 every day).
Tick the Periodically Connect Interval checkbox to allow gateway Disable
automatic connects to GPRS/UMTS with preset interval, select from 1
Periodical
to 1800 minutes. The interval is defined as time interval between two
GPRS/UMTS connections.
Tick the Call checkbox to allow gateway automatic connects to Disable
Call
GPRS/UMTS with incoming call from specified Caller ID (phone
number).
Set the Phone Group which was allowed to wake up the gateway by 1
Phone Group @ Call
call.
Tick the Enable SMS Reply checkbox to allow gateway send reply short Disable
Enable SMS Reply @ message after automatic connects to GPRS/UMTS by Call Wakeup
Call
from specified Caller ID (e.g. GPRS on ok!).
Note: Only support text format SMS.
Tick the SMS checkbox to allow gateway automatic connects to Disable
GPRS/UMTS with incoming specified short message from specified
SMS
Caller ID (phone number).
Specified short message is set at Password item. (e.g. GPRS on)
Set the Phone Group which was allowed to wake up the gateway by 1
Phone Group @ SMS
SMS.
Password
The specified short message which was used to wake up the gateway
null
Tick the Enable SMS Reply checkbox to allow gateway send reply short Disable
Enable SMS Reply@ message after automatic connects to GPRS/UMTS by SMS Wakeup
SMS
from specified Caller ID (e.g. GPRS on ok!).
Note: Only support text format SMS.
Tick the Serial Data Wakeup checkbox to allow gateway automatic enable
Serial Data Wakeup
connects to GPRS/UMTS from idle mode when there is data come out
from serial port.
After input the value in the field, gateway will output a command with Disable
hex format to gateway serial port when it has been wakeup from idle
Output (0x) to COM
mode.
port after online
Maximum 30 bytes.
Note: supports all wakeup modes.
Note:
1. Time format for Time reboot is 24-hours.
2. The phone numbers for Call and SMS function can be set in Phone Book tab.
3. The Caller ID must be written in international format, starting with “+” followed by the country code.
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3.2.13 Reboot
Since cellular network is not as stable as fixed line, M1000 Pro V2 supports various auto reboot function to keep
gateway working 24x7 without hang up.
Reboot
Note: This function is available under both “Config Mode” and “Normal Mode”.
Item
Description
Default
Tick the Time checkbox to allow gateway auto reboot with preset time Disable
Time
schedule every day, support maximum 3 time schedule/day (e.g.
07:00, 11:00 and 23:30 every day).
Tick the Call checkbox to allow gateway auto reboot with incoming Disable
call from specified Caller ID (phone number).
Call
The Caller ID (phone number) should be specified in Phone Book tab
by inputting the phone number and tick Call Reboot checkbox.
Set the Phone Group which was allowed to reboot the gateway by 1
Phone Group @ Call
call.
Tick the Enable SMS Reply checkbox to allow gateway send reply short Disable
message after auto reboot by Call Reboot from specified Caller ID (e.g.
Enable SMS Reply
Reboot ok!).
Note: Only support text format SMS.
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SMS
Phone Group @ SMS
Password
Enable SMS Reply
Tick the SMS checkbox to allow gateway auto reboot with incoming
specified short message from specified Caller ID (phone number).
Specified short message is set at Password item. (e.g. reboot)
The Caller ID (phone number) should be specified in Phone Book tab
by inputting the phone number and tick SMS Reboot checkbox.
Set the Phone Group which was allowed to reboot the gateway by
SMS.
The specified short message which was used to reboot the gateway
Tick the Enable SMS Reply checkbox to allow gateway send reply short
message after auto reboot by SMS Reboot from specified Caller ID
(e.g. Reboot ok!).
Note: Only support text format SMS.
Disable
1
null
Disable
Note:
1. Time format for Time reboot is 24-hours.
2. The phone numbers for Call and SMS function can be set in Phone Book tab.
3. The Caller ID must be written in international format, starting with “+” followed by the country code.
3.2.14 Modbus
This tab allows user to set the related parameters of Modbus RTU to Modbus TCP gateway.
Modbus
Item
Enable
Gateway
Description
Modbus
Tick this checkbox to enable Modbus RTU to Modbus TCP.
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Mode
Selected from Slave and Master.
Slave: Selected when gateway connect to Modbus slave device with
serial COM port.
Master: Selected when gateway connect to Modbus Master device
with serial COM port.
Slave
Note: Generally, If you select Slave mode, gateway need to work
under TCP server mode, and If you select Master mode, gateway
need to work under TCP client mode.
Available when enable Modbus Gateway and select Master mode.
Slave ID Range of
This item is corresponding to the default TCP connection which can be
Connection 1 @
set in Connection tab.
Master Mode
Enter the remote Modbus slave IDs here.
Available when enable Modbus Gateway, select Master mode and
Slave ID Range of enable Connection 2.
Connection 2 @ This item is corresponding to the Connection 2 which can be set in this
Master Mode
tab.
Enter the remote Modbus slave IDs here.
Available when enable Modbus Gateway, select Master mode and
Slave ID Range of enable Connection 3.
Connection 3 @ This item is corresponding to the Connection 3 which can be set in this
Master Mode
tab.
Enter the remote Modbus slave IDs here.
Tick this checkbox to enable the second TCP connection to the remote
TCP server. This TCP connection is usually used to connect to the
Connection 2
second Modbus slave gateway.
User need to enter the TCP server’s IP and port here.
Tick this checkbox to enable the third TCP connection to the remote
TCP server. This TCP connection is usually used to connect to the third
Connection 3
Modbus slave gateway.
User need to enter the TCP server’s IP and port here.
Note:
1. Connection 2 and Connection 3 only can work under TCP client mode.
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0-0
0-0
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3.2.15 Advanced
Advanced settings for GPRS/UMTS and IP communications.
Advanced
Item
Description
Tick to enable.
Some TCP servers required Login Request Packet with follow flow:
A TCP connection begins with the client opening a TCP/IP socket to the server and sending a
Custom
Login Request Packet. If the login request is valid, the server responds with a Login
Login
Acknowledge Packet and begins sending Sequenced Data Packets. The connection continues
until the TCP/IP socket is broken.
Login Acknowledge Packet is optional.
Login Request Packet
Max
The maximum retries times for sending Login Request Packet to the server with preset time
Retries
interval, selecting from 0 to 60.
After maximum retries, gateway will not retry again, and image login successfully.
Interval
REQ
Packet
ACK
Packet
Default
Disable
0
Time interval between two retries, selecting from 5 to 120 seconds.
60
seconds
Login Request Packet, written in Hex format, maximum 64 bytes.
Null
Login Acknowledge Packet, written in Hex format, maximum 32 bytes.
Login Acknowledge Packet is optional.
Null
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When using GPRS/UMTS with a session running most ISPs will monitor the traffic flow, if
there is none for a predetermined period of time then it will shut the connection down at
Custom
either the DHCP server or the APN, this is performed so that system resources are not taken
Keep Alive up unnecessarily.
To stop this happening you will need to send periodic Keep Alive bytes to keep the modem
always online.
Disable
Interval
Time interval between two Keep Alive packets, selecting from 5 to 1200 seconds.
40
seconds
Keep Alive Request Packet, written in Hex format, maximum 64 bytes.
Null
REQ
Packet
ACK
Packet
Custom
Logout
REQ
Packet
ACK
Packet
Keep Alive Acknowledge Packet, written in Hex format, maximum 32 bytes.
Keep Alive Acknowledge Packet is optional.
Tick to enable.
Some TCP servers required Logout Request Packet with follow flow:
A TCP connection ends with the client sending a Logout Request Packet. If the logout request
is valid, the server responds with a Logout Acknowledge Packet and ends the connection.
Logout Acknowledge Packet is optional.
Null
Disable
Logout Request Packet, written in Hex format, maximum 64 bytes.
Null
Logout Acknowledge Packet, written in Hex format, maximum 32 bytes.
Logout Acknowledge Packet is optional.
Null
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3.2.16 NMS
This tab allows user to set the related parameters of TCP Network Management.
NMS
Item
Enable
Mode
Address
Port
Description
Tick this checkbox to enable NMS.
Non-configurable.
Normally, gateway works under TCP server mode for NMS function,
but it also can work under TCP client mode. Please refer to 3.2.2
Management via TCP connection to get the detail information.
Non-configurable.
Set the listening port of TCP server for NMS function.
Default
Disable
Disable
Null
30000
3.2.17 Management
This tab provides some system tools for user.
NMS
Item
Description
Synchronize gateway’s RTC to PC’s clock.
Synchronize Device
The gateway’s current RTC will be showed at bottom right side of the
Time with Computer
configurator.
Enable to output the gateway’s debug info to serial port. Then you can
use a hyper terminal to receive the debug info.
Output Debug info
This function is often used when we need to diagnose the problem of
to Serial Port
the gateway.
Note: This function will take effect immediately after you enable it.
Switch to Another Switch to another SIM card manually.
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SIM
Update
Update the FW of gateway via serial port or TCP connection. The
update steps are as bellow:
1. Click “load” button and select the FW file in your computer;
2. Click “Start” button to get started, then you can see a process bar;
3. The updating will last for several minutes, then you will see a pop
window to indicate the updating is successful.
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Chapter 4. Typical Applications
4.1 Overview
Cellular data transmission is an increasingly attractive mechanism for communication with remote, non-permanent
or mobile devices. Being able to collect and distribute data virtually anywhere without requiring the limitation of
working within specific fixed line networks is a powerful force for efficiency and reliability. However, the fact that
cellular data is metered means that the frequency of transmission and amount of data sent in each exchange can
have significant cost and performance impact.
In order to understand this impact, let us start with a fairly typical example, where there is a device in the field and
an application on a server at a central site location that collects information from that device.
In general, the purpose of communication with the device will be for one of two reasons:
• Monitoring - Status monitoring data, such as the level or temperature of a storage tank, the velocity and pressure
of a pipeline, the condition of a controller or the status of a register.
• Transaction data – Discrete event data, such as cash or credit transactions, PBX call records or mission-critical and
safety related alarms.
Status monitoring data is often “polled.” The application sends out periodic queries and gets responses to those
queries. The application can usually retry if it does not get an answer, and determine that a problem exists if it does
not get a response after a certain amount of retries.
Discrete event data is usually “unsolicited.” The application does not expect to get information on any regular basis,
and therefore the failure to hear from the device is the normal case (though some sort of “all is well” message may
be sent at a longer interval).
Most applications will likely involve one or both of these methods and data is transmitted in TCP or UDP packets.
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4.2 Typical Applications
4.2.1 TCP Client Mode
In TCP Client mode, the gateway can actively establish a TCP connection to a pre-defined host computer when serial
data arrives. After the data has been transferred, the gateway can automatically disconnect from the host computer
by using the Inactivity time settings.
As illustrated in the figure below, data transmission proceeds as follows:
(1) The gateway, configured for TCP Client mode, requests a connection to the host.
(2) Once the connection is established, data can be transmitted in both directions between the host and the gateway
bidirectional.
Types of TCP Client Connection:
1. Fixed Public IP (or dynamic public IP with domain name) for the host PC
The gateway will only be able to connect to a host PC if the PC is using a fixed public IP address (or dynamic
public IP with domain name), gateway can be any IP (either a private IP or public IP).
2. Connecting TCP client and TCP server within the same cellular service provider.
In order to connect properly, the IP addresses of the two gateways must belong to the same sub network. To
ensure that this is the case, use the same cellular ISP to connect the devices to the network. In addition, you will
need to request that the cellular ISP provide you with two private fixed IP addresses (e.g., 192.168.1.1 and
192.168.1.2).
Configuration and Operation:
1. Turn the gateway to Config mode and connect it to your PC properly.
2. Open the Modenconfigurator.
3. Turn to GPRS tap. Set APN, Username and Password of SIM 1. If you need to use SIM 2, you also need to set
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these parameters of SIM 2. Then click
.
4. Turn to Connection tap. Select Socket Application Mode as TCP Client. Input remote TCP server’s address and
port. Select Connection Control Mode as Always Online or Connect On Demand as your need. Then click
.
5. Turn the gateway back to Normal mode and reboot it.
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4.2.2 TCP Server Mode
In TCP Server mode, the serial port on the gateway is assigned a port number. The host computer initiates contact
with the gateway, establishes the connection, and receives data from the serial device.
As illustrated in the figure, data transmission proceeds as follows: The host requests a connection from the gateway,
which is configured for TCP Server mode. Once the connection is established, data can be transmitted between the
host and the gateway bidirectional.
Types of TCP Server Connection:
1. Fixed Public IP for the gateway.
If your cellular service provider offers a fixed public IP address after you connect to the cellular network, you can
access the gateway from a host PC using either a private IP or public IP.
2. Dynamic public IP with domain name for the gateway.
If your cellular service provider offers a dynamic public IP address after you connect to the cellular network, you
can use the DDNS function to get a domain name from the domain name server for the gateway. Then you can
access the gateway from a host PC using this domain name.
3. Connecting TCP client and TCP server within the same cellular service provider.
In order to connect properly, the IP addresses of the two gateway devices must belong to the same sub network.
To ensure that this is the case, use the same cellular ISP to connect the devices to the network. In addition, you
will need to request that the cellular ISP provide you with two private fixed IP addresses (e.g., 192.168.1.1 and
192.168.1.2).
Configuration and Operation:
1. Turn the gateway to Config mode and connect it to your PC properly.
2. Open the Modenconfigurator.
3. Turn to GPRS tap. Set APN, Username and Password of SIM 1. If you need to use SIM 2, you also need to set
these parameters of SIM 2. Then click
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4. Turn to Connection tap. Select Socket Application Mode as TCP Server. Input local listening port. Select
Connection Control Mode as Always Online or Connect On Demand as your need. Then click
.
5. Turn the gateway back to Normal mode and reboot it.
4.2.3 UDP Mode
The main difference between the TCP and UDP protocols is that TCP guarantees delivery of data by requiring the
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recipient to send an acknowledgement to the sender. UDP does not require this type of verification, making it
possible to offer faster delivery. UDP also allows you to unicast data to one IP, or multicast the data to a group of IP
addresses.
These traits make UDP mode especially well suited for message display applications.
1. If your cellular ISP offers a fixed public IP address after you connect to the cellular network, you can access the
gateway from a host PC that has a fixed public IP bidirectional.
2. If your cellular service provider offers a dynamic public IP address after you connect to the cellular network, you
can use the DDNS function to get a domain name from the domain name server for the gateway. Then you can
access the gateway from a host PC that has a fixed public IP bidirectional.
3. If gateway has no fixed public IP or domain name, then it can unicast data to one host unidirectional.
Note: M1000 Pro V2 supports unicast only.
4.2.4 Virtual COM Mode
One of the major conveniences of using Virtual COM mode is that it allows you to use Virtual COM software that was
written for pure serial communication applications. The Virtual COM driver intercepts data sent to the host’s COM
port, packs it into a TCP/IP packet, and then redirects it through the host’s Ethernet to the Internet. At the other end
of the connection, the gateway accepts the IP frame from the cellular network, unpacks the TCP/IP packet, and then
transparently sends the data through the serial port to the attached serial device.
We provide application notes to introduce how to work with 3rd parties’ popular virtual com software, please contact
us to get more information.
Note:
Virtual COM software (COM port redirector) is a specialized software (often including device driver and user
application) that includes the underlying network software necessary to access networked device servers that provide
remote serial devices or modems.
The purpose of the redirector is to make the virtual COM port exhibit behavior that closely resembles that of a "real"
COM port, i.e., a COM port driver for local serial port hardware. A virtual COM port itself is a relatively simple
software mechanism that can be implemented by driver software similar to that of a conventional COM port driver.
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The main challenges arise in two other areas: the network connection to the device server and the behavior of the
device server. These issues are described in the Technology section below.
Chapter 5. Appendix
5.1 Factory Settings
Factory setting of the modem COM port under Config Mode and Normal Mode is:
Data bits = 8
Parity = none
Stop bits = 1
Baud = 115200 bps
Flow control = none
5.2 Troubleshooting
This section of the document describes possible problems encountered when using the Robustel M1000 Pro V2 and
their solutions.
5.2.1 The modem’s LED does not light:


Check if modem has connected to a 9 to 36VDC power supply properly.
Check if the power connector is properly inserted.
5.2.2 No connection with modem through serial link




Check if the serial cable has been connected properly.
Check if the serial cable has been made by following pin assignment given in table PIN Assignment for RS232
and RS485.
Check if your program has proper setting. Factory setting of the modem under Normal Mode is listed at 5.1.
Check if there is another program interfering with the communication program, such as conflict on
communication port access.
5.2.3 GPRS/UMTS connection cannot be established

Check if the APN, User Name and Password have been input correctly.
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
Check if the SIM card balance is enough or not.
5.3 Terms and Abbreviations
Abbreviations
AC
APN
CE
CHAP
CSD
CTS
dB
dBi
DC
DCD
DCE
DCS 1800
DDNS
DNS
DSR
DTE
DTMF
DTR
EMC
EMI
ESD
ETSI
GND
GPRS
GSM
IMEI
kbps
LED
MAX
Min
MO
MS
MT
PAP
PC
PCN
Description
Alternating Current
Access Point Name of GPRS/UMTS Service Provider Network
Conformité Européene (European Conformity)
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
Circuit Switched Data
Clear to Send
Decibel
Decibel Relative to an Isotropic radiator
Direct Current
Data Carrier Detect
Data Communication Equipment (typically modems)
Digital Cellular System, also referred to as PCN
Dynamic Domain Name Server
Domain Name Server
Data Set Ready
Data Terminal Equipment
Dual Tone Multi-frequency
Data Terminal Ready
Electromagnetic Compatibility
Electromagnetic Interference
Electrostatic Discharges
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
Ground
General Package Radio Service
Global Standard for Mobile Communications
International Mobile Equipment Identification
kbits per second
Light Emitting Diode
Maximum
Minimum
Mobile Originated
Mobile Station
Mobile Terminated
Password Authentication Protocol
Personal Computer
Personal Communications Network, also referred to as DCS 1800
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PCS
PDU
PPP
PIN
PSU
PUK
R&TTE
RF
RTC
RTS
Rx
SIM
SMA
SMS
TCP/IP
TE
Tx
UART
UDP
USSD
VSWR
Personal Communication System, also referred to as GSM 1900
Protocol Data Unit
Point-to-point Protocol
Personal Identity Number
Power Supply Unit
Personal Unblocking Key
Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment
Radio Frequency
Real Time Clock
Request to Send
Receive Direction
Subscriber Identification Module
Subminiature Version A RF Connector
Short Message Service
Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
Terminal Equipment, also referred to as DTE
Transmit Direction
Universal Asynchronous Receiver-transmitter
User Datagram Protocol
Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
Voltage Stationary Wave Ratio
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