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POWER AMPLIFIER
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OWNER’S MANUAL
BEDIENUNGSANLEITUNG
MODE D’EMPLOI
MANUAL DE INSTRUCCIONES
EN
DE
FR
ES
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not
expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s
supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC authorization to use this product in the USA.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
(oscillator)
Explanation of Graphical Symbols
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol
within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert
the user to the presence of uninsulated
“dangerous voltage” within the product’s
enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to
constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
The exclamation point within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the
presence of important operating and
maintenance (servicing) instructions in the
literature accompanying the product.
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT REMOVE
COVER (OR BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLE
PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
The above warning is located on the top of the unit.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Read these instructions.
Keep these instructions.
Heed all warnings.
Follow all instructions.
Do not use this apparatus near water.
Clean only with dry cloth.
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators,
heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including
amplifiers) that produce heat.
Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or
grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades
with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug
has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide
blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If
the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult
an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched
particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the
point where they exit from the apparatus.
11
12
13
14
Only use attachments/accessories specified by the
manufacturer.
Use only with the cart, stand,
tripod, bracket, or table specified
by the manufacturer, or sold with
the apparatus. When a cart is
used, use caution when moving
the cart/apparatus combination
to avoid injury from tip-over.
Unplug this apparatus during
lightning storms or when unused for long periods of
time.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
Servicing is required when the apparatus has been
damaged in any way, such as power-supply cord or plug
is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have
fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been
exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally,
or has been dropped.
WARNING
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPARATUS TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
(98-6500)
2
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
* Please keep this manual in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical
shock, short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/Power cord
Water warning
• Only use the voltage specified as correct for the device. The required voltage is
printed on the name plate of the device.
• Do not expose the device to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet conditions,
or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill into any openings.
• Use only the included power cord.
• Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands.
• Do not place the power cord near heat sources such as heaters or radiators, and
do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place heavy objects on
it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll anything
over it.
• Be sure to connect to an appropriate outlet with a protective grounding
connection. Improper grounding can result in electrical shock.
Do not open
• Do not open the device or attempt to disassemble the internal parts or modify
them in any way. The device contains no user-serviceable parts. If it should
appear to be malfunctioning, discontinue use immediately and have it inspected
by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
If you notice any abnormality
• If the power cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is a sudden
loss of sound during use of the device, or if any unusual smells or smoke
should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off the power switch,
disconnect the electric plug from the outlet, and have the device inspected by
qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• If this device should be dropped or damaged, immediately turn off the power
switch, disconnect the electric plug from the outlet, and have the device
inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage
to the device or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/Power cord
• Do not block the vents. This device has ventilation holes at the front and rear to
prevent the internal temperature from becoming too high. In particular, do not
place the device on its side or upside down. Inadequate ventilation can result in
overheating, possibly causing damage to the device(s), or even fire.
• Remove the electric plug from the outlet when the device is not to be used for
extended periods of time, or during electrical storms.
• When removing the electric plug from the device or an outlet, always hold the
plug itself and not the cord. Pulling by the cord can damage it.
• Do not use the device in the vicinity of a TV, radio, stereo equipment, mobile
phone, or other electric devices. Doing so may result in noise, both in the device
itself and in the TV or radio next to it.
Location
• Before moving the device, remove all connected cables.
• Do not place the device in a location where it may come into contact with
corrosive gases or salt air. Doing so may result in malfunction.
• When setting up the product, make sure that the AC outlet you are using is
easily accessible. If some trouble or malfunction occurs, immediately turn off
the power switch and disconnect the plug from the outlet. Even when the power
switch is turned off, electricity is still flowing to the product at the minimum
level. When you are not using the product for a long time, make sure to unplug
the power cord from the wall AC outlet.
• Before connecting the device to other devices, turn off the power for all devices.
Before turning the power on or off for all devices, set all volume levels to
minimum.
• Do not use the device in a confined, poorly-ventilated location. If this device is
to be used in a small space other than an EIA-standard rack, make sure that
there is adequate space between the device and surrounding walls or other
devices: at least 5cm at the sides, 10cm behind and 10cm above. Inadequate
ventilation can result in overheating, possibly causing damage to the device(s),
or even fire.
• Do not expose the device to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme cold or heat
(such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the day) to prevent
the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal components.
• Do not place the device in an unstable position where it might accidentally fall
over.
(5)-4
Connections
• Use only speaker cables for connecting speakers to the speaker jacks. Use of
other types of cables may result in fire.
• Be sure to connect to a properly grounded power source. A ground screw is
provided on the rear panel of this device for maximum safety and shock
prevention. If the mains outlet is not grounded, be sure to connect the ground
screw to a confirmed ground point before plugging the device into the mains.
Improper grounding can result in electrical shock.
Maintenance
• Remove the power plug from the AC outlet when cleaning the device.
1/2
1
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
3
Handling caution
• When turning on the AC power in your audio system, always turn on the device
LAST, to avoid speaker damage. When turning the power off, the device should
be turned off FIRST for the same reason.
• Do not insert your fingers or hands in any gaps or openings on the device
(vents, etc.).
• Do not use the device for a long period of time at a high or uncomfortable
volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If you experience any
hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician.
• Do not rest your weight on the device or place heavy objects on it, and avoid use
excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors.
• Do not use this device for any purpose other than driving loudspeakers.
• Avoid inserting or dropping foreign objects (paper, plastic, metal, etc.) into any
gaps or openings on the device (vents, etc.) If this happens, turn off the power
immediately and unplug the power cord from the AC outlet. Then have the
device inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the device, or data that is lost or destroyed.
Always turn the power off when the device is not in use.
Even when the power switch is in the “STANDBY”, electricity is still flowing to the device at the minimum level. When you are not using the device for a long time, make sure
you unplug the power cord from the wall AC outlet.
The performance of components with moving contacts, such as switches, volume controls, and connectors, deteriorates over time. Consult qualifi ed Yamaha service personnel
about replacing defective components.
Illustrations in this manual are for explanatory purposes only, and may not match the actual appearance of the product during operation.
Company names and product names used in this Owner’s Manual are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM
Connecting the Plug and Cord
WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED
IMPORTANT. The wires in this mains lead are coloured in accordance with the following code:
GREEN-AND-YELLOW : EARTH
BLUE
: NEUTRAL
BROWN
: LIVE
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may not correspond with the
coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured GREEN-and-YELLOW must be connected to the terminal in the plug
which is marked by the letter E or by the safety earth symbol
or colored GREEN or GREENand-YELLOW.
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter L or coloured RED.
• This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
(3 wires)
XM4180
XH200
This mark indicates a dangerous electrically live terminal. When connecting an external wire to this terminal, it is necessary
either to have “a person who have received appropriate guidance on handling” make the connection or to use leads or a cord
that have been manufactured in such a way that the connection can be made simply and without problem.
(5)-4
4
2/2
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
2
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing a Yamaha XM4180, XM4080 or XH200 Power Amplifier.
These power amplifiers were developed from Yamaha’s wealth of experience in building PA equipment and its tradition of careful attention to every detail of circuit design. These power amplifiers
feature high power and superb quality together with superior reliability and stability, guaranteeing the highest possible audio performance.
Main features include
On the XM4180/XM4080:
• Four separate amplifier sections allows the unit to be configured in stereo mode, 2-channel parallel
(mono) mode, and bridged mode.
• Balanced XLR and Euroblock connector inputs, 5-way binding post outputs.
• Each A/B and C/D channel pair features a high-pass filter, with the cutoff frequency switchable between
20Hz and 55Hz.
On the XM4180:
• Enables parallel connection to multiple high-impedance speakers that support 70V line output.
On the XH200:
• Enables parallel connection to multiple high-impedance speakers that support 70V or 100V line output
and a maximum output of 200 watts/channel.
• Euroblock connector inputs, barrier strip outputs, and a high-pass filter, with the cutoff frequency switchable between 40Hz and 80Hz.
On the XM4180/XM4080/XH200:
• Protection includes power on/off muting, DC detection, temperature, and protection indicator.
• Variable-speed, low-noise cooling fan system ensures high reliability even under the most demanding
conditions.
• A MONITOR/REMOTE terminal, which allows control or monitoring of this amplifier from an external
device.
This Owner’s Manual applies to the XM4180, XM4080 and XH200 power amplifiers. In order to
take full advantage of the amplifier and enjoy long and trouble-free operation, please read this
Owner’s Manual carefully before using the product.
Contents
Controls and Functions ........................... 6
Front Panel .......................................................... 6
Rear Panel (XM4180/XM4080) ........................... 7
Rear Panel (XH200) .......................................... 10
Connection ............................................. 11
Using a Euroblock connector ............................ 11
Speaker Connection .......................................... 12
Troubleshooting ..................................... 12
Specifications ......................................... 13
General Specifications ...................................... 13
MONITOR/REMOTE PIN layout ....................... 14
Current Draw ..................................................... 15
Dimensions ....................................................... 16
Block Diagram ................................................... 17
3
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
5
Controls and Functions
■ Front Panel
4 32
1
6
5
* The illustration shows model XM4180.
1 POWER/STANDBY switch and indicator
This is the main POWER switch. Press to turn on the
amplifier. Press it again to turn off. The POWER indicator lights up when the amplifier it turned on.
STANDBY operation can only be set from an external
device, connected to the REMOTE terminal. When
STANDBY is on, the indicator is lit in orange.
2 PROTECT/MUTE indicator
When the protection system is active, the PROTECT
indicator lights up and the speakers are automatically
disconnected from the amplifier’s outputs. The protection system activates in the following situations:
5 VOLUME controls
The channel volume controls have click detents for the
settings, and each channel can be set over a range of -∞
dB to 0 dB. On the XM4180 and XM4080, when the
amplifier is set to bridged mode, only the first volume
control on each channel pair is used (i.e., for the A/B
pair, channel A is active, and for the C/D pair, channel C
is active).
6 Air intakes
The amplifier has a forced-air cooling fan that takes in
air from the front and exhausts it from the rear. Make
absolutely sure that these intakes are not obstructed.
When the amplifier is turned on
The protection system activates for approximately
three seconds when the amplifier is turned on. After
three seconds, the protection system deactivates automatically and the amplifier is ready for normal operation.
Front
Air
intake
Rear
Air
exhaust
If a DC voltage is detected at the amplifier’s outputs
The protection system activates if a DC voltage is
detected at the amplifier’s outputs. Once the DC voltage problem is corrected, the protection system deactivates automatically and the amplifier is ready for
normal operation.
If the amplifier overheats
When overheating occurs, the PROTECT/MUTE
indicator lights. You should immediately turn off the
amplifier and allow it time to cool down. See the Precautions section of this Owner’s Manual for ways to
prevent the amplifier from overheating.
Security cover
If you want to keep the volume settings from being
modified, attach the included security cover using
the screw holes shown below, so that the volume
controls are inaccessible.
3 CLIP/LIMIT indicator
A channel’s CLIP indicator lights up when its output
distortion exceeds 1% (i.e., clipping). Output signal
clipping is typically caused by excessive input signal
levels. When this happens, the limiter is engaged automatically.
4 SIGNAL indicator
* The illustration shows model XM4180/XM4080.
A channel’s SIGNAL indicator lights up when its output
exceeds a certain amount (2V rms on the XM4180/
XM4080, 4V rms on the XH200.)
6
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
4
■ Rear Panel (XM4180/XM4080)
13 2
13
4
2
6
5
4
6
7
8
* The illustration shows model XM4180.
1 XLR inputs connectors
BRIDGED mode
These balanced XLR-3-31 type connectors are used to
connect input signals.
The pins are wired as shown below (IEC 60268).
Hot
Ground
In BRIDGED mode, channels A and B operate simultaneously, functioning as a single mono amplifier.
(The same applies to the C and D.)
Note: When in PARALLEL and BRIDGED modes,
input terminals A-B and C-D are shorted
automatically. Make sure not to input an
audio signal to an inactive input terminal.
Cold
* In bridged mode, only the first channel in the pair is
active; i.e., channel A of pair A/B, and channel C of
pair C/D. Make sure not to input an audio signal to
an inactive input terminal.
2 Euroblock connectors
These balanced Euroblock connectors are used to connect input signals.
3 HPF switches
These switches are used to turn on and off the HPF
(High Pass Filter) for channels A-B or C-D. When this
is set to 20Hz or 55Hz, frequencies below the respective
settings are filtered using a 12 dB/octave high pass filter.
4 MODE switch
STEREO mode
In STEREO mode, channels A , B, C and D are completely independent.
PARALLEL mode
5 MONITOR/REMOTE terminals
This terminal is used to connect the external device for
monitoring or remote control. Refer to “MONITOR/
REMOTE PIN layout” on page 14.
6 SPEAKERS terminals
These 5-way binding posts are used to connect speakers.
7 GND terminal
If you are having a problem with hum or noise, use this
terminal to connect to ground (earth) or to connect to
the chassis of a mixer, preamp, or other device in your
system.
8 AC IN
Connect one plug of the included AC cable to this inlet.
Connect the other plug of the AC cable to an AC outlet
that meets the power supply conditions printed on the
label at the top of the unit.
In PARALLEL mode, the channel A input signal is
sent both to the channel A power amp and the channel
B power amp. In this case, loads are automatically
connected between the A and B input terminals. (The
same applies to the C and D input terminals.)
By sending the signal from channels A/B to C/D you
can use the unit as a four-channel mono amplifier.
5
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
7
● Using as a four-channel mono amplifier with a mono input (XM4180/XM4080)
By connecting input terminals B and C with a proper cable, and setting both mode switches for A/B and C/D to PARALLEL,
you can use the unit as a four-channel mono amplifier.
The volume controls on the front panel (A to D) let you control the volume of each channel independently.
Note In this case, the loads for A and B or C and D are connected in the amplifier. Make sure not to input any
signal to the D terminal.
Input signal
Connect
B and C
Speaker
Speaker
+
–
+
–
+
–
+
–
Speaker
Speaker
* The illustration shows model XM4180.
● Using as a two-channel amplifier with a mono input for high-power applications
(XM4180/XM4080)
By connecting input terminals B and C with a proper cable, and setting both mode switches for A/B and C/D to BRIDGE,
you can use the unit as a two-channel high-power mono amplifier.
Note In this case, the loads for A and B or C and D are connected in the amplifier. Make sure not to input any
signal to the D terminal.
Input signal
Connect
B and C
Speaker
+
–
+
–
Speaker
* The illustration shows model XM4180.
8
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
6
● Speaker connections (XM4180/XM4080)
Speakers can be connected to the amplifier in two ways, as shown below. Note that speaker impedance will vary according to
the connection method and the number of speakers. Please be sure that your speaker’s impedance is not less than the relevant
minimum value indicated below.
Connection configurations for STEREO and PARALLEL
modes
Connection configurations for BRIDGED mode
or
–
+
Minimum speaker
impedance: 4 Ω
+
–
–
Minimum speaker
impedance: 4 Ω
+
Minimum speaker
impedance: 8 Ω
* The illustration shows model XM4180.
When connecting high-impedance speakers in parallel (XM4180 only)
XM4180 enables you to connect in parallel fashion multiple high-impedance speakers that support 70V line output. The
number of speakers that can be connected varies depending on the rated input of the speakers. The XM4180 can be connected to speakers with a total rated input of up to 300 W. For example, if you connect ten speakers with a rated input of 5 W
(50 W), ten speakers with a rated input of 10 W (100 W) and ten speakers with a rated input of 15 W (150 W), the amplifier
can be used with a total rated speaker input of 300 W as shown below:
Be sure to use speakers that support the XM4180’s line-out voltage of 70 V.
1
5W
10
5W
5 W x 10 speakers (50W)
1
10W
10
10W
10 W x 10 speakers (100 W)
1
10
15W
15W
15 W x 10 speakers (150 W)
Total rated input of speakers:300 W (maximum)
* The illustration shows model XM4180.
7
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
9
■ Rear Panel (XH200)
2
1
4
3
1 Euroblock connectors
These balanced Euroblock connectors are used to connect input signals.
2 HPF switches
These switches are used to set the cutoff frequency of
the HPF (High Pass Filter) for each channel. Frequencies below 40Hz or 80Hz are filtered using a 12 dB/
octave high pass filter.
6
5
7
7 AC IN
Connect one plug of the included AC cable to this inlet.
Connect the other plug of the AC cable to an AC outlet
that meets the power supply conditions printed on the
label at the top of the unit.
* When the amplifier is set to 40Hz, make sure that the
speaker transformer is capable of sufficiently handling low frequency signals.
Be careful when inputting low frequency signals;
excessive levels at low frequencies may cause
damage to the speaker, speaker transformer or to
the amplifier itself.
3 Output voltage switch
This switch is used to change the output voltage
between 70V and 100V.
4 MONITOR/REMOTE terminals
This terminal is used to connect the external device for
monitoring or remote control. Refer to “MONITOR/
REMOTE PIN layout” on page 14.
● Speaker connections (XH200)
The XH200 enables you to connect in parallel fashion multiple high-impedance speakers that support 70V or 100V
line output. The number of speakers that can be connected
varies depending on the speaker’s rated input. You can connect speakers with a total rated input per channel of up to
200 W.
For example, if you are using speakers with a rated input of
10 W, you can connect up to twenty speakers. If you are
using speakers with a rated input of 20 W, you can connect
up to ten speakers
5 SPEAKERS terminals
This unit includes barrier strip terminals, which are
wired as shown below.
Hot
, Cold
Refer to “Speaker connections (XH200)” on page 10 for
more information on the impedance of speaker systems
that can be connected to these terminals.
6 GND terminal
If you are having a problem with hum or noise, use this
terminal to connect to ground (earth) or to connect to
the chassis of a mixer, preamp, or other device in your
system.
10
10W
10W
10W
10 W x 20 speakers (200W)
Rated input
10W
10W
10W
10 W x 20 speakers (200W)
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
8
Connection
You may also connect speakers with different rated inputs
to different channels or connect speakers with different
rated input to the same channel, as shown below:
■ Using a Euroblock connector
● Cable preparation
• To prepare the cable for attachment to a Euroblock connector, strip the wire as shown in the illustration, and use
stranded wire to make connections. With a Euroblock
connection, the stranded wire may be prone to breakage
because of metal fatigue due to the weight of the cable or
due to vibration. When rack-mounting your equipment,
use a lacing bar when possible to bundle and fasten the
cables.
approx.
7 mm
10W
10W
10W
20W
10 W x 20 speakers (200W)
20W
20W
20 W x 10 speakers (200W)
• If cables will be frequently connected and disconnected,
as in the case of a portable installation, we recommend
that you use ferrules with insulation sleeves. Use a ferrule
whose conductor portion has an external diameter of 1.6
mm or less, and a length of approximately 7 mm (such as
the AI0, 5-6WH made by the Phoenix Contact corporation).
1.6 mm
or less
5W
5W
5W
5 W x 10 speakers (50W)
15W
15W
approx.
7 mm
15W
15 W x 10 speakers (150W)
If you use stranded wire, do not tin (plate
with solder) the exposed end.
Total rated input of speakers : 200W
Be sure to use speakers that support the
XH200’s line-out voltage of 70V or 100V.
1 If the wire insertion ports are closed, turn the screws on
top of the connector counterclockwise to open the ports.
2 Insert the wires into the appropriate ports, following the
indication of the pole on the input terminal, turn the
screws on top of the connector clockwise to fix the
wires.
3 Attach the Euroblock connector to the input terminal on
the unit.
You cannot connect a low-impedance speaker
directly to the XH200. In this case, be sure to use
a speaker transformer (such as the Yamaha
ST15). Follow the instruction guide that came
with the speaker transformer to avoid excessive
loads.
Use a screwdriver
to fix the wires.
+
–
G
9
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
11
■ Speaker Connection
1 Turn off the POWER switch.
2 Remove the cover attachment screws and remove the
protective cover from the speaker terminals.
When using barrier strip terminals (XH200)
Wrap the wire around the terminal as shown in the illustration, and tighten the screw to securely clamp the wire.
Refer to 10 page for speaker polarities.
Be sure that the bare wire ends do not jut out from the terminal and touch the chassis.
Screw
3 Remove about 15 mm of insulation from the end of each
speaker cable.
4 When using 5-way binding posts (XM4180, XM4080)
Pass the bare wire through the holes in the appropriate
speaker terminals. Tighten the terminals to securely clamp
the wires. Refer to 9 page for speaker polarities.
Be sure that the bare wire ends do not jut out from the terminals and touch the chassis.
Chassis
* Actual size
Speaker cable
Wire
should not
touch the
chassis.
5 Reattach the protective cover over the speaker terminals.
15mm*
Bare wire
Speaker
cable
* Actual size
Troubleshooting
The following table lists the main causes of abnormal operation and the corrective measures required as well as the protective circuit operation in each case.
Indicator
CLIP/LIMIT
indicator
lights up
PROTECT/
MUTE indicator lights up
12
Possible Cause
Remedy
Protection Circuit
There is a short at the amplifier’s
speaker outputs, the speaker’s
inputs, or in the wiring.
Locate and remove the short.
The impedance of the connected
speaker is too low.
Check the impedance rating of the
connected speaker and make sure
that it conforms to the impedance
indicated at the speaker terminals
on the amplifier.
The temperature of amplifier is too
high.
Let the amplifier cool and check
that ventilation around the amplifier
is appropriate for operation, as suggested in the Precautions section.
The thermal protection
circuit activates to protect the power transistors.
A DC voltage of ±2 V or greater
was detected in the amplifier’s output circuit.
Consult your dealer or a Yamaha
service center.
The output relay activates to protect the
speaker system.
The PC limiter circuit
activates to protect the
power transistors.
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
10
Specifications
■ General Specifications
● XM4180/XM4080
Output Power*
1 kHz, THD+N= 1 %
20 Hz–20 kHz
THD+N= 0.1 %
Voltage Gain
Power Consumption
THD+N
Intermodulation Distortion
Frequency Response
SN Ratio
Channel Separation
Residual Noise
Damping Factor
Input Sensitivity
Maximum Input Voltage
Input Impedance
Controls
8 Ω/Channel
4 Ω/Channel
8 Ω/Bridged
8 Ω/Channel
4 Ω/Channel
8 Ω/Bridged
70 V/Bridged RL=16 Ω
Att. max
Standby
Idle
1/8 (4 Ω/Pink noise)
20 Hz–20 kHz, Half Power
60 Hz:7 kHz, 4:1, Half Power
RL=8 Ω, Po=1 W, HPF=OFF,
20 Hz–20 kHz
(DIN AUDIO)
Half Power, RL=8 Ω, 1 kHz
Att. max, input 600 Ω shunt
Att. min, (DIN AUDIO)
RL=8 Ω, 1kHz
RL=8 Ω, Att. max
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Connectors
Indicators
INPUT
SPEAKERS
MONITOR/REMOTE
POWER/STANDBY
SIGNAL
CLIP/LIMIT
PROTECT/MUTE
Load Protection
Amplifier Protection
Power Supply Protection
Cooling
Power Requirements
Dimensions (W x H x D)
Weight
Included Accessories
* These specifications apply to rated power supplies of 120V, 230V and 240V.
0 dBu=0.775 Vrms, Half Power=1/2 Output Power (3 dB below rated power)
Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for information purposes only.
Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change or modify products or specifications at any time without prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or
options may not be the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha
dealer.
MIN
TYP
TYP
TYP
TYP
MAX
MAX
MAX
TYP
MIN
MIN
XM4180
210 W x 4
250 W x 4
500 W x 2
180 W x 4
230 W x 4
460 W x 2
300 W x 2
30 dB
5W
40 W
600 W
XM4080
90 W x 4
120 W x 4
240 W x 2
80 W x 4
115W x 4
230W x 2
–
26 dB
5W
40 W
400 W
0.1 %
0.1 %
0 dB
0 dB
-0.5 dB
103 dB
MIN
60 dB
MAX
MIN
TYP
MIN
TYP
-73 dBu
100
+4 dBu
+22 dBu
20 kΩ (balanced), 10 kΩ (unbalanced)
POWER switch (push on/push off)
attenuator (31 position) x 4
MODE switch (STEREO/BRIDGE/PARALLEL) x 2
HPF switch (20 Hz/55 Hz/OFF 12 dB/oct) x 2
XLR-3-31 type/ch
Euroblock connector (balanced) /ch
5 way binding post/ch
Dsub 15P x 1
x 1 (Green/Orange)
x 4 (Green)
x 4 (Red)
x 4 (Red)
POWER switch on/off mute
DC-fault:
output relay off/restored automatically.
Clip limiting : THD ≥ 0.5 %
Thermal: Cuts the output (when heatsink temp. ≥ 90 °C);
operation restored automatically.
VI limiter (RL ≤ 2 Ω): Limits the output.
Thermal: Power supply shutdown (when temp. ≥ 90 °C);
operation not restored automatically.
Variable-speed fan x 1
120V, 220V–240V; 50Hz/60Hz
480 x 88 x 412 mm (18-7/8" x 3-7/16" x 16-1/4")
10.0 kg (22 lbs)
9.8 kg (21.6 lbs)
Power cord, Security cover, Owner’s Manual,
3-pin Euroblock connector x 4
European models
Purchaser/User Information specified in EN55103-1 and EN55103-2.
Inrush Current: 25A
Conforms to Environments: E1, E2, E3 and E4
41
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
13
● XH200
Output Power*
40 Hz–20 kHz
THD+N= 0.1 %
Power Consumption
THD+N
Intermodulation Distortion
Frequency Response
SN Ratio
Channel Separation
Residual Noise
Input Sensitivity
Voltage Gain
Maximum Input Voltage
Input Impedance
Controls
70 V, RL=25 Ω
100 V, RL=50 Ω
Standby
Idle
1/8 (70 V, RL=25 Ω/Pink noise)
40 Hz–20 kHz, Half Power
60 Hz:7 kHz, 4:1, Half Power
Po=1 W, HPF=40 Hz,
80 Hz–20 kHz
(DIN AUDIO)
Half Power, 1 kHz, Att. max, input 600 Ω shunt
Att. min, (DIN AUDIO)
Att. max
Att. max
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Connectors
INPUT
SPEAKERS
MONITOR/REMOTE
POWER/STANDBY
SIGNAL
CLIP/LIMIT
PROTECT/MUTE
Indicators
Load Protection
Amplifier Protection
Power Supply Protection
Cooling
Power Requirements
Dimensions (W x H x D)
Weight
Included Accessories
* These specifications apply to rated power supplies of 120V, 230V and 240V.
0 dBu=0.775 Vrms, Half Power=1/2 Output Power (3 dB below rated power)
Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for information purposes only.
Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change or modify products or specifications
at any time without prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or options may
not be the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha dealer.
MIN
MAX
MAX
MAX
TYP
MIN
MIN
MIN
MAX
TYP
TYP
MIN
TYP
200 W x 2
200 W x 2
5W
40 W
400 W
0.1 %
0.1 %
0 dB
0 dB
-0.5 dB
103 dB
60 dB
-65 dBu
+4 dBu
38 dB (100 V), 35 dB (70 V)
+22 dBu
20 kΩ (balanced), 10 kΩ (unbalanced)
POWER switch (push on/push off)
attenuator (31 position) x 2
OUTPUT VOLTAGE switch (100 V/70 V) x 1
HPF switch (40 Hz/80 Hz 12 dB/oct) x 2
Euroblock connector (balanced) /ch
Barrier strip/ch
Dsub 15P x 1
x 1 (Green/Orange)
x 2 (Green)
x 2 (Red)
x 1 (Red)
POWER switch on/off mute
DC-fault: output relay off/restored automatically.
Clip limiting : THD ≥ 0.5 %
Thermal: Cuts the output (when heatsink temp. ≥ 90 °C);
operation restored automatically.
VI limiter (RL ≤ 16 Ω): Limits the output.
Thermal: Power supply shutdown (when temp. ≥ 90 °C);
operation not restored automatically.
Variable-speed fan x 1
120V, 220V–240V; 50Hz/60Hz
480 x 88 x 412 mm (18-7/8" x 3-7/16" x 16-1/4")
9.8 kg (21.6 lbs)
Power cord, Security cover, Owner’s Manual,
3-pin Euroblock connector x 2
European models
Purchaser/User Information specified in EN55103-1 and EN55103-2.
Inrush Current: 25A
Conforms to Environments: E1, E2, E3 and E4
■ MONITOR/REMOTE PIN layout
Signal
Pin
No.
XM4180/XM4080
1
GND
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
REMOTE CONTROL STANDBY
MONITOR
MODEL ID
REMOTE CONTROL MUTE CH D
MUTE CH C
MUTE CH B
MUTE CH A
MONITOR
PROTECT STATUS CH D
PROTECT STATUS CH C
PROTECT STATUS CH B
PROTECT STATUS CH A
OUTPUT LEVEL CH D
OUTPUT LEVEL CH C
OUTPUT LEVEL CH B
OUTPUT LEVEL CH A
14
XH200
STANDBY
MODEL ID
–
MUTE CH B
–
MUTE CH A
–
PROTECT STATUS CH B
–
PROTECT STATUS CH A
–
OUTPUT LEVEL CH B
–
OUTPUT LEVEL CH A
Description
STANDBY Control: Supply 5 VDC, 5 mADC
XM4180: 560 Ω, XM4080: 680 Ω, XH200: 820 Ω (Impedance to GND)
MUTE Control: Connect to GND, +5 V, 1 mA
PROTECTION Off/ Output On: +5 VDC, Zo=270 Ω
PROTECTION On/ Output Off: 0 VDC, Zo=High
XM4180, XM4080
+4dBu (-27.2 dB of Speaker Output Level) at 100 W/8Ω, RL=7.5 kΩ, Zo=300 Ω
XH200
-33.2 dB of Speaker Output Level, RL=7.5 kΩ, Zo=300 Ω
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
42
■ Current Draw
XM4180
Line Current (A)
100/120V
Power (W)
230/240V
In
Out
Thermal Dissipation
Dissipated
Btu/h
kcal/h
standby
0.08
0.04
5
0
5
17
4
idle
1.0
0.5
40
0
40
137
34
1/8 power
1/3 power
8Ω/ch
4.8
2.6
327
90
237
810
204
4Ω/ch
6.8
3.7
460
115
345
1180
297
8Ω/ch
11.3
6.2
793
240
553
1890
476
4Ω/ch
15.9
8.8
1115
307
808
2760
695
XM4080
Line Current (A)
100/120V
Power (W)
230/240V
In
Out
Thermal Dissipation
Dissipated
Btu/h
kcal/h
standby
0.08
0.04
5
0
5
17
4
idle
1.0
0.5
40
0
40
137
34
1/8 power
1/3 power
8Ω/ch
2.8
1.5
191
40
151
517
130
4Ω/ch
4.5
2.4
303
58
245
837
211
8Ω/ch
6.8
3.7
464
107
357
1220
307
4Ω/ch
10.5
5.8
734
153
580
1980
499
XH200
Line Current (A)
100/120V
Power (W)
230/240V
In
Out
Thermal Dissipation
Dissipated
Btu/h
kcal/h
standby
0.08
0.04
5
0
5
17
4
idle
1.0
0.5
40
0
40
137
34
1/8 power
3.7
2.0
250
50
200
683
172
1/8 power is typical of program material with occasional clipping. Refer to these figures for most applications.
1/3 power represents program material with extremely heavy clipping.
Test signal: Pink Noise, bandwidth limited from 22Hz to 22kHz
1W = 0.860kcal/h, 1BTU = 0.252kcal
Note that Line Voltage [V] x Line Current [A] = [VA], not equals to [W].
Inrush current: 11A (100V), 13A (120V), 25A (240V)
43
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
15
■ Dimensions
● XM4180/XM4080
Unit : mm
76.2
44.72
32.02
392.5
404.5
H=88
76.2
5.5
374.5
D=411.7
11
30
432.8
W=480
● XH200
76.2
44.72
32.02
392.5
404.5
H=88
76.2
5.5
374.5
D=411.7
11
30
432.8
W=480
16
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
44
■ Block Diagram
● XM4180/XM4080
CLIP
x4
PROTECTION
x4
RE
SIGNAL
x4
RE
GR
OUTPUT
[+4dBu]
CH A
[+4dBu]
BA
CH A
STEREO
BRIDGE
STEREO
BRIDGE
INPUT
LIMITER
HPF
OFF
20Hz
55Hz
PARALLEL
XM4180[+34dBu]
XM4080[+30dBu]
[+14dBu]
MAIN
PA
DC
MUTE
PS PROTECTION
TEMP
STEREO
BRIDGE
XM4180[+34dBu]
XM4080[+30dBu]
PARALLEL
HPF
PARALLEL
ATT
INV
LIMITER
PA
CH B
CH B
CH A
(+) BRIDGE
(–) BRIDGE
CH B
BA
DC
MUTE
PS
TEMP
STEREO
BRIDGE
HPF
PARALLEL
OFF
20Hz
55Hz
MODE SW
PROTECTION
TEMP
OUTPUT
CH C
(+) BRIDGE
(–) BRIDGE
CH D
CH C
CH C
BA
STEREO
BRIDGE
PARALLEL
STEREO
BRIDGE
PARALLEL
LIMITER
BA
DC
MUTE
PS
TEMP
PROTECTION
DC
MUTE
PS
TEMP
PROTECTION
PARALLEL
INV
LIMITER
CH D
CH D
PA
STEREO
BRIDGE
HPF
INPUT
HPF
OFF
20Hz
55Hz
PA
STEREO
HPF
BRIDGE
OFF
20Hz
55Hz
PARALLEL
MODE SW
MUTE (REMOTE CONTROL)
PROTECT STATUS (MONITOR)
OUTPUT LEVEL(MONITOR)
STANDBY (REMOTE CONTROL)
MODEL-ID
GR/OR (GR+RE)
MONITOR/REMOTE
POWER/STANDBY
FAN
POWER ON
DETECT
POWER SW
MAIN TRANS
SUB TRANS
+15V
+15V
+24
+15
+5V
LINE
FILTER
RELAY
DRIVE
–15V
SWITCHING
DRIVER
–15
–24
+BH
+BL
Maximum Output Power (20 –20 kHz THD+N 0.1 %)
MODEL
8Ω
XM4180
180 W x 4
XM4080
80 W x 4
15G
–BL
–BH
J,H,B,W,K,C
distination
U,V,T,
distination
BGND
OVERCURRENT
DETECT CIRCUIT
SHUTDOWN
CIRCUIT
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
● XH200
CLIP
x2
PROTECTION
x2
RE
70V [+11dBu]
100V [+14dBu]
CH A
70V [+1dBu]
100V [+4dBu]
HA
BA
HPF
LIMITER
–3dB
RE
70V [+33dBu]
100V [+36dBu]
VOLTAGE
DC
MUTE
PS
TEMP
80Hz
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SW
CH A
[+4dBu]
INV
LIMITER
HPF
INPUT
70V [+11dBu]
100V [+14dBu]
GR
PA
40Hz
OFF
SIGNAL
x2
PROTECTION
70V [+33dBu]
100V [+36dBu]
PA
70V [+39dBu]
100V [+42dBu]
VOLTAGE
OUTPUT
CH A
CH B
TEMP
CH B
CH B
HA
BA
HPF
LIMITER
–3dB
PA
VOLTAGE
DC
MUTE
PS
TEMP
40Hz
80Hz
OFF
INV
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SW
OUTPUT 70V/100V
LIMITER
PROTECTION
PA
VOLTAGE
OUTPUT
VOLTAGE
70V
100V
MUTE (REMOTE CONTROL)
PROTECT STATUS (MONITOR)
OUTPUT LEVEL(MONITOR)
STANDBY (REMOTE CONTROL)
MODEL-ID
GR/OR (GR+RE)
MONITOR/REMOTE
POWER SW
POWER/STANDBY
POWER ON
DETECT
SUB TRANS
MAIN TRANS
+15V
+15V
FAN
+24
+15
+5V
LINE
FILTER
RELAY
DRIVE
–15V
SWITCHING
DRIVER
15G
Maximum Output Power (20 –20 kHz THD+N 0.1 %)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SW
70 V
100 V
200 W + 200 W/25 Ω 200 W + 200 W/50 Ω
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
–BL
–BH
J,H,B,W,K,C
distination
U,V,T,
distination
–15
–24
+BH
+BL
SHUTDOWN
CIRCUIT
OVERCURRENT
DETECT CIRCUIT
BGND
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
XM4180/XM4080/XH200 Owner’s Manual
17
Yamaha Pro Audio global web site:
http://www.yamahaproaudio.com/
Yamaha Manual Library:
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/manual/
C.S.G., Pro Audio Division
© 2005 Yamaha Corporation
305POAPx.x-01E0
Printed in Vietnam
WF41880
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