Carrier 38 YRA Outdoor Heat Pump

Carrier 38 YRA Outdoor Heat Pump
HEAT PUMP
A GUIDE TO OPERATING AND MAINTAINING YOUR RESIDENTIAL HEAT PUMP UNIT
NOTE TO INSTALLER: THIS MANUAL SHOULD BE LEFT WITH THE EQUIPMENT USER.
WELCOME TO EFFICIENT
YEAR-ROUND COMFORT
YOUR COMFORT SYSTEM
Congratulations on your excellent choice and sound investment in year-round home comfort!
Your new heat pump represents both the latest in engineering
development and the culmination of many years of experience
from one of the most reputable manufacturers of comfort
systems.
Your new unit is among the most energy-efficient and reliable
heat pump products available today. To assure its dependability, spend just a few minutes with this booklet now. Learn about
the operation of your heat pump, and the small amount of
maintenance it takes to keep it operating at its peak efficiency.
With minimal care, your new heat pump will provide you and
your family with year-round home comfort—both now and for
years to come.
Take the time to familiarize yourself with the type of system
you have. This knowledge will be of use in understanding the
basic operation of your new heat pump.
The type of heat pump you have purchased is a split system.
The split-system type has an indoor and an outdoor unit, each
of which contains a coil. These units are interconnected by
refrigerant tubes. (See Fig. 1.)
Each unit has a rating plate affixed to it which provides necessary information for specific identification of a unit. You should
familiarize yourself with the product, model, and serial numbers listed on each rating plate. Record them for future reference on the last page of this booklet.
Identifying Your System
IMPORTANT FACTS
To better protect your investment and to eliminate unnecessary
service calls, familiarize yourself with the following facts:
• Your heat pump system should never be operated without a
clean air filter properly installed. Plan to inspect the filter periodically. A clogged air filter will increase operating costs and
shorten the life of the unit.
• Supply-air and return-air registers should not be blocked.
Drapes, furniture, and toys are some of the items commonly
found obstructing registers. Restricted airflow lessens the
unit’s efficiency and life span.
• The outdoor unit must have unrestricted airflow. Do not cover the unit, lean anything against it, or stand on it. Do not allow
grass clippings, leaves, or other debris to accumulate around
or on top of the unit. Maintain a 12-in. minimum clearance
between the outdoor unit and tall grass, vines, shrubs, etc.
• Your multipurpose indoor thermostat is the control center
for your heat pump system. You should familiarize yourself
with its proper operation. Attempting to control the system by
other means—for instance, switching the electrical supply
power ON and OFF—may cause damage to the unit.
• During heating, increasing the thermostat setting more than
2 degrees may cause the supplemental heaters to be turned on
to satisfy the thermostat. Needless use of the supplementary
heat reduces potential energy savings.
• You may find that you can maintain greater personal comfort by running the fan continuously. “Air pockets” can form
due to the structure of the house, placement of registers, etc.
These air pockets may be too cool or warm for your liking.
Continuous fan operation minimizes any temperature differences. Also, systems equipped with electronic or mechanical
air cleaners and/or humidifiers offer the added benefits of having the air continuously cleaned year-round and humidified
during the winter season.
• A system equipped with a heat or energy recovery ventilator
offers the advantage of exhausting stale air from the home and
allowing fresh air in from the outdoors while minimizing heat
loss.
• Your system may also be equipped with a zoning system
which allows individual control over the temperatures of separate areas of your home.
• Your heat pump will remove humidity from your home during the cooling season. After a few minutes of operation, you
should be able to see water trickle from the condensate drain
! WARNING
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance, or use can cause explosion,
fire, electrical shock, or other conditions which
may cause personal injury or property damage.
Consult a qualified installer, service agency, or
your distributor or branch for information or assistance. The qualified installer or agency must
use factory-authorized kits or accessories when
modifying this product.
! WARNING
To prevent personal injury, death, or property
damage, read and follow all instructions and warnings, including labels shipped with or attached to
unit before operating your new heat pump.
®
Fig.1—Typical Split-System Installation
2
LCD READOUT DISPLAYS
CURRENT ROOM TEMPERATURE,
DESIRED ROOM TEMPERATURE,
UNIT MODE SETTING,
AND FAN MODE SETTING.
RESET/FILTER
UP AND DOWN
BUTTONS INCREASE
OR DECREASE THE
DESIRED TEMPERATURE
SETTINGS.
MODE
FAN
MODE BUTTON SELECTS
BETWEEN OFF, HEAT,
COOL, AUTO, AND EMERGENGY
HEAT OPERATION.
RESET FILTER BUTTON
RESTARTS THE TIMER
THAT CALCULATES
THE NEXT AIR FILTER
CHANGE OR CLEANING
FAN BUTTON CHOOSES
BETWEEN ON OR AUTO
FAN OPERATION
Fig. 2—Typical Carrier Non-Programmable Thermostat
• Do not operate your unit in cooling mode when outdoor
temperatures are below 55°F unless your unit was modified
for low-ambient operation.
• Do not operate your unit in heating mode when outdoor
temperatures are above 66°F unless you set your thermostat
to emergency heat mode.
of the indoor cooling coil. Check this occasionally to be sure
the drain system is not clogged. Of course, don’t expect to see
much drainage if you live in a very dry environment.
• During the heating cycle, air from your registers may seem
cooler than you might first expect. This is because your heat
pump delivers a constant flow of air at around 90°F to 105°F
instead of in sudden bursts of hot air as with a conventional
furnace. This air may feel cool because it is slightly less than
your skin temperature. However, it is sufficiently warm to
keep you comfortable.
• Ice or frost will tend to form on the outdoor coil during the winter heating operation. Your heat pump is designed to automatically melt the ice. When in this defrost cycle, it is normal for steam
or fog to rise from the outdoor unit. Do not be alarmed!
OPERATING YOUR HEAT PUMP
The operation of your heat pump system is controlled by the
indoor thermostat. You simply adjust the thermostat and it
maintains the indoor temperature at the level you select. Most
thermostats for heat pump systems have 3 controls: a temperature control selector, a FAN control, and a SYSTEM or
MODE control.
MODE BUTTON SELECTS
BETWEEN OFF, HEAT,
COOL, AUTO, AND
EMERGENCY HEAT
OPERATION.
PROGRAM BUTTONS
FOR PROGRAMMING
HEATING/COOLING
CYCLES.
COPY PREVIOUS DAY
PROGRAM
MODE
CHANGE DAY
END PROGRAM
FAN
SET TIME
RESET FILTER
HOLD
LCD READOUT DISPLAYS
CURRENT ROOM TEMPERATURE,
DESIRED ROOM TEMPERATURE
OR OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE,
UNIT MODE SETTING,
FAN MODE SETTING,
AND TIME OF DAY.
UP AND DOWN
BUTTONS INCREASE
OR DECREASE THE
DESIRED TEMPERATURE
SETTINGS.
FAN BUTTON CHOOSES
BETWEEN ON OR AUTO
FAN OPERATION
SET TIME
BUTTON
HOLD BUTTON MAINTAINS
THE CURRENT TEMPERATURE
AND OVERRIDES PROGRAMMED
TEMPERATURE CHANGES
UNTIL RESET.
RESET FILTER BUTTON
RESTARTS THE TIMER
THAT CALCULATES
THE NEXT AIR FILTER
CHANGE OR CLEANING
Fig. 3—Typical Carrier Programmable Thermostat
3
The temperature control selector is a dial, lever, or set of buttons that allows you to establish the temperature that you wish
to maintain for your personal comfort. Some thermostats have
2 temperature control selectors: 1 for setting the temperature
desired during cooling operation, and 1 for setting the temperature desired during heating operation. A typical setting for
year-round comfort is 72°F.
The FAN control offers 2 options for controlling the blower: AUTO
and ON. When set to AUTO, the blower runs only when the heat
pump is operating. When the FAN switch is set at the ON position,
the blower runs continuously.
Typically, the SYSTEM or MODE control on your thermostat
offers the following selections: COOL, OFF, HEAT, AUTO,
and EMERGENCY HEAT. Some thermostats may have a separate switch for EMERGENCY HEAT. The heat pump will not
operate when the SYSTEM OR MODE control is set to OFF.
With the SYSTEM or MODE control set to COOL, your heat
pump will provide cooling when the indoor temperature rises
above the level you wish to maintain. With the SYSTEM or
MODE control set to HEAT, your heat pump will provide
warmth whenever the indoor temperature falls below the level
that you have selected.
The AUTO selection found on some thermostats provides for
automatic changeover between cooling and heating. With the
SYSTEM or MODE control set to AUTO, cooling operation is
activated when the indoor temperature rises above the thermostat cooling temperature setting, or heating operation is activated when the indoor temperature drops below the thermostat
heating setting.
Depending on your typical winter heating needs, your home
comfort system may include a supplementary heating source.
The EMERGENCY HEAT setting (EHEAT) provides for convenient selection between the 2 heating appliances. Your heat
pump will operate when the SYSTEM or MODE control is set
to HEAT. With the SYSTEM or MODE control set to EHEAT,
the heat pump will turn off and the supplementary heat source
will be activated.
In certain geographic areas and in certain applications, supplemental heat is not required. Any questions regarding your
application should be directed to your dealer.
Your thermostat may be PROGRAMMABLE or NON-PROGRAMMABLE. A NON-PROGRAMMABLE thermostat
does not allow the temperature settings to be varied throughout
the day or week without physically changing the settings. A
PROGRAMMABLE thermostat allows various daily temperature changes to be preset. During the winter, for example, you
may wish to “set back” the temperature of your home at night,
then have the temperature return to normal prior to waking up.
The home’s temperature can then be lowered again during the
day when no one is at home, but again be at peak comfort level
when your family returns home. During the summer, the opposite changes might be programmed. When properly used, the
programming can result in energy savings on your home’s
heating and cooling.
• Entrance doors are frequently opened and closed
COOLING MODE
EMERGENCY HEAT MODE
When operating in cooling mode, your heat pump will run in
cooling mode until the indoor temperature is lowered to the
level you have selected. On extremely hot days, your heat
pump will run for longer periods at a time and have shorter
“off” periods than on moderate days.
The following are typical conditions that add extra heat and/or
humidity to your home. Your heat pump will work longer to
keep your home comfortable under these conditions:
The emergency heat (EHEAT) setting on your Carrier electronic thermostat can be used to turn off your heat pump and use
only the supplemental heating source (if equipped). The Auxiliary Heat Indicator (AUX HT) will be displayed while your
system is operating in EHEAT mode.
Emergency heat is not normally used. There may be situations,
however, where it is necessary. Your Carrier programmable
electronic thermostat has a service alarm indicator. In the heat-
• Laundry appliances are being operated
• A shower is running
• More than the usual number of people are present in the
home
• More than the normal number of electric lights are in use
• Drapes are open on the sunny side of the home
HEATING MODE
With the SYSTEM or MODE control of your indoor thermostat set to HEAT, your heat pump will run in heating mode until
room temperature is raised to the level you have selected. Of
course, your heat pump will have to operate for longer periods
to maintain a comfortable environment on cooler days and
nights than on moderate ones.
SUPPLEMENTAL HEAT
Your heat pump is your primary heating source. Your system
may also be equipped with a supplemental heating source such
as electric, gas, or oil. On cold days and nights, your system
will automatically turn on the supplemental heat in order to
maintain the level of comfort your have selected.
Your Carrier electronic thermostat will display the words
“ENERGY SAVINGS” when the heat pump is providing all
the heat that is necessary. When additional heat is required,
your thermostat will turn on the supplemental heat (if
equipped) and will display the “AUX HT” message.
DEFROST MODE
When your heat pump is providing heat to your home and the
outdoor temperature drops below 45°F, moisture may begin to
freeze on the surface of the outdoor coil. If allowed to build up,
this ice would impede airflow across the coil and reduce the
amount of heat absorbed from the outside air. So, to maintain
energy-efficient operation, your heat pump has an automatic
defrost mode.
The defrost mode starts at a preset time interval of 90 minutes,
although, it may be reset to either 30 or 50 minutes. Defrost
will start at the preset time only if the ice is sufficient to interfere with normal heating operation.
After the ice is melted from the outdoor coil, or after a maximum of 10 minutes in defrost mode, the unit automatically
switches back to normal heating operation.
Do not be alarmed if steam or fog appears at the outdoor unit
during defrost mode. Water vapor from the melting ice may
condense into a mist in the cold outside air.
During certain weather conditions such as heavy snow and
freezing rain it is not uncommon for ice to build up on the
outdoor unit grille. This is normal for these weather conditions.
Do not attempt to remove the ice from the outdoor unit grille.
This condition will not affect the proper function of the unit
and will clear within a few days.
4
ing season, if the thermostat ever displays the “TROUBLE”
message, switch your thermostat to EHEAT mode and call
your dealer. This allows your supplemental heating source to
keep your home warm until your heat pump can be serviced.
Also, if the electricity to your heat pump has been off for more
than 30 minutes, switch your thermostat to EHEAT mode
before restarting your heat pump. Leave the system in EHEAT
mode for an amount of time equal to the power outage. It is not
necessary to exceed 12 hrs. If your cannot determine how long
the power has been off, leave the system in EHEAT mode for
8 hrs.
extra filter on hand. This allows you to rotate between the 2
with minimal downtime for your comfort system. Extra filters
may be purchased from your dealer.
There are no filters in the outdoor unit of a split system. If your
indoor unit is a gas or oil furnace, refer to your furnace User’s
Manual for filter location and procedures for replacement or
cleaning.
If your system includes an indoor fan coil unit, the filter may
be located in the unit where it connects with the return-air duct
or plenum. (See Fig. 5.) Remove the filter cover plate by sliding
latches toward center of plate. Lift filter to clear lower flange.
Filter is spring-loaded and will “pop out.” Reinstall filter, being
certain to secure filter behind lower flange. When reinstalling
cover plate, secure plate behind upper flange then slide tabs
outward.
MAIN
ON
OFF
Fig. 4—Main Electrical Disconnect
PERFORMING ROUTINE
MAINTENANCE
With the proper maintenance and care, your heat pump will
operate economically and dependably. Maintenance can be
accomplished easily by referring to the following directions.
However, before performing maintenance, consider these
important safety precautions:
• DISCONNECT ALL ELECTRICAL POWER TO THE
INDOOR AIR HANDLER OR FURNACE BEFORE
REMOVING ACCESS PANELS TO PERFORM ANY
MAINTENANCE. Disconnect power to both the indoor and
outdoor units. NOTE: THERE MAY BE MORE THAN 1
ELECTRICAL DISCONNECT SWITCH.
• ALTHOUGH SPECIAL CARE HAS BEEN TAKEN TO
MINIMIZE SHARP EDGES IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF
YOUR UNIT, BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL WHEN HANDLING PARTS OR REACHING INTO THE UNIT.
Fig. 5—Removing Filter from Fan Coil Unit
The indoor fan coil unit may be located in the attic. In this
instance the filter may be located behind the return air grille.
Access the filter by removing the return air grille.
If your system includes a high efficiency or electronic air
cleaner, refer to air cleaner User’s Manual for proper filter
cleaning or replacement.
INDOOR COIL
If the split-system coil has only been operated with a clean
filter in place, it should require minimal cleaning.
If coil cleaning is required, call your dealer for service. It may
be necessary to clean the coil with a detergent solution and
rinse it with water. This could require the removal of the coil.
You should not attempt this yourself.
CHECK THE AIR FILTER
A dirty air filter will cause excessive strain on the compressor
and blower motor. This can cause the components to over-heat
and automatically shut down. In the worst case, the components will fail and need to be replaced. To avoid inefficient or
failed operation of your unit, CHECK THE FILTER(S)
EVERY 3 TO 4 WEEKS. Replace filter(s) when necessary, or
clean the filter(s) if you have the reusable type.
Disposable filters should be replaced by similar, new filters of
the same dimensions.
Reusable, permanent filters should be washed in a solution of
cold water and mild detergent, then rinsed and thoroughly
dried. THE FILTER MUST BE COMPLETELY DRY
BEFORE BEING REINSTALLED. To avoid prolonged shutdown of your unit while a filter is drying, you should have an
OUTDOOR COIL
If grass clippings, leaves, shrubbery, and debris are kept away
from the outdoor unit, minimal care should be sufficient to
keep the system functioning properly. For proper drainage,
debris must be removed periodically from the base pan. However, if the outdoor coil becomes dirty, use a vacuum cleaner
or shop vac with soft brush attachment to clean the exterior
surface. Vacuum coil surface using an up and down motion. Be
careful not to bend or damage fins.
If dirt is deep in the coil, contact your dealer for service. The
outdoor fan motor may have to be disconnected and the top
panel removed to gain access to the coil for thorough cleaning.
Do not attempt this yourself.
5
OUTDOOR COIL—SEA COAST
and serial numbers of your equipment. (You should have them
recorded on the last page of this booklet.) With this information, your dealer may be able to offer helpful suggestions over
the phone or save valuable time through knowledgeable preparation for the service call.
If your unit is located near the ocean, special maintenance is
required. Ocean mist/breeze carries salt, which is corrosive to
most metals. Although your new unit is made out of galvanized
metal and is protected by top-grade paint, you should take the
precaution of additional maintenance which consists of periodically washing the unit. By washing all exposed surfaces and
coil, you will be adding additional life to your unit. Please consult your installing contractor for proper intervals/procedures
for your geographic area or service contact.
REGULAR DEALER
MAINTENANCE
In addition to the routine maintenance that you perform, your home
comfort system should be inspected regularly by a properly trained
service technician. The inspection
(preferably twice each year, but at
least once every year) should
include the following:
• Routine inspection of air filter(s). Replacement or cleaning
as required.
• Inspection and cleaning of the blower wheel, housing, and
motor as required.
• Inspection and, if required, cleaning of indoor and outdoor
coils.
• Inspection of the indoor coil drain pan, plus the primary and
secondary drain lines. If supplied, the auxiliary drain pan and
line should be inspected at this time. Service should include
cleaning if required.
• A check of all electrical wiring and connections.
• A check for secure physical connections of individual components within units.
• Operational check of the heat pump system to determine
actual working condition. Necessary repair and/or adjustment
should be performed at this time.
• Your servicing dealer may offer an economical service
contract that covers seasonal inspections. Ask for further
details.
UNIT SUPPORT
Your split-system outdoor unit should be maintained at a level
position. If its support should shift or settle so that the unit is
no longer level, you should correct the condition. Relevel it
promptly to assure water drains out of the unit. If you notice
that water or ice collects beneath the unit, arrange for it to be
drained away from the unit.
Heat pumps installed in snowbelt areas should be elevated with
support feet or a snow stand.
BEFORE YOU REQUEST A
“SERVICE CALL”
CHECK FOR THESE EASILY SOLVED
PROBLEMS:
• Check the indoor and outdoor disconnect switches. Verify
that circuit breakers are ON or that fuses have not blown.
• Check for sufficient airflow. Check the air filter(s) for any
accumulations of dirt. Check for blocked return-air or supplyair registers. Be sure registers are open and unobstructed.
• Check the settings on your indoor thermostat. If you desire
cooling, make sure that the temperature control selector is set
below room temperature and the SYSTEM or MODE control
is set to COOL or AUTO. If you require warmth, make sure
that the temperature control selector is set above room temperature and the SYSTEM or MODE control is set to HEAT or
AUTO. The FAN control should be set to ON for continuous
blower operation or AUTO if you wish blower to function only
while your heat pump is operating.
If your comfort system still fails to operate, turn your system
off and contact your servicing dealer for troubleshooting and
repairs. Specify your apparent problem, and state the model
FOR THE RECORD
Record the model, product, and serial numbers of your new
equipment in the spaces provided. This information, along
with the other ready-reference facts requested will be
necessary should you ever require information or service.
6
7
INSTALLATION DATA
MODULAR INDOOR UNIT, if Applicable:
Date Installed
Blower—Product No.
Dealer Name
Model No.
Address
Serial No.
City
State
Zip
Coil—Product No.
Telephone
Model No.
SPLIT-SYSTEM
Serial No.
Outdoor Unit:
Product No.
Heater—Product No.
Model No.
Model No.
Serial No.
Serial No.
ACCESSORIES
Indoor Unit or Coil:
Product No.
Product No.
Product No.
Model No.
Product No.
Serial No.
Product No.
Product No.
TO OBTAIN INFORMATION ON PARTS: Consult your installing dealer or classified section of your local telephone directory under the
“Heating Equipment’’ or “Air Conditioning Contractors & Systems’’ heading for dealer listing by brand name.
Have available the Model No., Series Letter, & Serial No. of your equipment to ensure correct replacement part.
Carrier Corporation
Indianapolis, Indiana 46231
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations .
Copyright 1997 Carrier Corporation
Form: OM38-40
Replaces: OM38-31, -32
Printed in the U.S.A.
10-97
PC 101
Catalog No. 563-855
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising