EM-CS1000v1

EM-CS1000v1
Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
Multi-Homing Security
Gateway
CS-1000
User’s Manual
Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
Copyright
Copyright (C) 2006 PLANET Technology Corp. All rights reserved.
The products and programs described in this User’s Manual are licensed products of PLANET Technology, This User’s
Manual contains proprietary information protected by copyright, and this User’s Manual and all accompanying hardware,
software, and documentation are copyrighted.
No part of this User’s Manual may be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium
or machine-readable form by any means by electronic or mechanical. Including photocopying, recording, or information
storage and retrieval systems, for any purpose other than the purchaser's personal use, and without the prior express
written permission of PLANET Technology.
Disclaimer
PLANET Technology does not warrant that the hardware will work properly in all environments and applications, and
makes no warranty and representation, either implied or expressed, with respect to the quality, performance,
merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose.
PLANET has made every effort to ensure that this User’s Manual is accurate; PLANET disclaims liability for any
inaccuracies or omissions that may have occurred.
Information in this User’s Manual is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of
PLANET. PLANET assumes no responsibility for any inaccuracies that may be contained in this User’s Manual. PLANET
makes no commitment to update or keep current the information in this User’s Manual, and reserves the right to make
improvements to this User’s Manual and/or to the products described in this User’s Manual, at any time without notice.
If you find information in this manual that is incorrect, misleading, or incomplete, we would appreciate your comments and
suggestions.
CE mark Warning
This is a class B device, in a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference, in which case the user
may be required to take adequate measures.
Trademarks
The PLANET logo is a trademark of PLANET Technology.
This documentation may refer to numerous hardware and software products by their trade names. In most, if not all cases,
these designations are claimed as trademarks or registered trademarks by their respective companies.
To avoid the potential effects on the environment and human health as a result of the presence of hazardous
substances in electrical and electronic equipment, end users of electrical and electronic equipment should
understand the meaning of the crossed-out wheeled bin symbol. Do not dispose of WEEE as unsorted
municipal waste and have to collect such WEEE separately.
Customer Service
For information on customer service and support for the Multi-Homing Security Gateway, please refer to the following
Website URL:
http://www.planet.com.tw
Before contacting customer service, please take a moment to gather the following information:
♦ Multi-Homing Security Gateway serial number and MAC address
♦ Any error messages that displayed when the problem occurred
♦ Any software running when the problem occurred
♦ Steps you took to resolve the problem on your own
Revision
User’s Manual for PLANET Multi-Homing Security Gateway
Model: CS-1000
Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
Rev: 1.0 (April, 2006)
Part No. EM-CS1000v1
Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 FEATURES ........................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 PACKAGE CONTENTS .......................................................................................................................................... 2
1.3 MULTI-HOMING SECURITY GATEWAY FRONT VIEW ........................................................................................... 3
1.4 MULTI-HOMING SECURITY GATEWAY REAR PANEL ........................................................................................... 3
1.5 SPECIFICATION.................................................................................................................................................... 3
CHAPTER 2: GETTING STARTED .................................................................................................................. 5
2.1 WEB CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................................................ 5
2.2 CONFIGURE WAN1 INTERFACE .......................................................................................................................... 6
2.3 CONFIGURE WAN2 INTERFACE .......................................................................................................................... 7
2.4 CONFIGURE DMZ INTERFACE ............................................................................................................................ 7
2.5 CONFIGURE POLICY............................................................................................................................................ 8
CHAPTER 3: WEB CONFIGURATION .......................................................................................................... 10
3.1 SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................................................. 10
3.1.1 Admin....................................................................................................................................................... 11
3.1.2 Permitted IPs .......................................................................................................................................... 13
3.1.3 Software Update .................................................................................................................................... 15
3.1.4 Setting ..................................................................................................................................................... 15
3.1.5 Date/Time................................................................................................................................................ 20
3.1.6 Multiple Subnet ...................................................................................................................................... 21
3.1.7 Route Table............................................................................................................................................. 26
3.1.8 DHCP....................................................................................................................................................... 27
3.1.9 Dynamic DNS......................................................................................................................................... 29
3.1.10 Host Table............................................................................................................................................. 31
3.1.11 Language .............................................................................................................................................. 33
3.1.12 Logout ................................................................................................................................................... 34
3.2 INTERFACE ........................................................................................................................................................ 34
3.2.1 LAN .......................................................................................................................................................... 34
3.2.2 WAN......................................................................................................................................................... 35
3.2.3 DMZ ......................................................................................................................................................... 39
3.3 POLICY OBJECT ................................................................................................................................................ 40
3.3.1 Address ................................................................................................................................................... 40
3.3.1.1 LAN................................................................................................................................................. 40
3.3.1.2 LAN Group..................................................................................................................................... 42
Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
3.3.1.3 WAN ............................................................................................................................................... 45
3.3.1.4 WAN Group ................................................................................................................................... 47
3.3.1.5 DMZ ................................................................................................................................................ 50
3.3.1.6 DMZ Group.................................................................................................................................... 52
3.3.2 Service..................................................................................................................................................... 54
3.3.2.1 Pre-defined .................................................................................................................................... 55
3.3.2.2 Custom........................................................................................................................................... 56
3.3.2.3 Group.............................................................................................................................................. 58
3.3.3 Schedule ................................................................................................................................................. 60
3.3.4 QoS.......................................................................................................................................................... 62
3.3.5 Authentication......................................................................................................................................... 66
3.3.5.1 Auth Setting ................................................................................................................................... 66
3.3.5.2 Auth User ....................................................................................................................................... 67
3.3.5.3 Auth Group .................................................................................................................................... 70
3.3.5.4 Radius Serve................................................................................................................................. 73
3.3.5.5 POP3 .............................................................................................................................................. 74
3.3.6 Content Blocking.................................................................................................................................... 75
3.3.6.1 URL Blocking................................................................................................................................. 75
3.3.6.2 Scripts ............................................................................................................................................ 77
3.3.6.3 P2P ................................................................................................................................................. 78
3.3.6.4 IM .................................................................................................................................................... 79
3.3.6.5 Download....................................................................................................................................... 79
3.3.6.6 Upload ............................................................................................................................................ 80
3.3.7 Virtual Server.......................................................................................................................................... 81
3.3.7.1 Mapped IP ..................................................................................................................................... 82
3.3.7.2 Virtual Server................................................................................................................................. 84
3.3.8 VPN.......................................................................................................................................................... 89
3.3.8.1 IPSec Autokey............................................................................................................................... 89
3.3.8.2 PPTP Server.................................................................................................................................. 92
3.3.8.3 PPTP Client ................................................................................................................................... 95
3.3.8.4 Trunk............................................................................................................................................... 97
3.4 POLICY ............................................................................................................................................................ 158
3.4.1 Outgoing................................................................................................................................................ 158
3.4.2 Incoming................................................................................................................................................ 162
3.4.3 WAN To DMZ & LAN To DMZ ............................................................................................................ 166
3.4.4 DMZ To WAN & DMZ To LAN ............................................................................................................ 169
3.5 MAIL SECURITY ............................................................................................................................................... 173
3.5.1 Configure............................................................................................................................................... 174
3.5.2 Anti-Spam ............................................................................................................................................. 177
Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
3.5.2.1 Setting .......................................................................................................................................... 178
3.5.2.2 Rule .............................................................................................................................................. 179
3.5.2.3 Whitelist........................................................................................................................................ 182
3.5.2.4 Blacklist ........................................................................................................................................ 184
3.5.2.5 Training......................................................................................................................................... 187
3.5.2.6 Spam Mail.................................................................................................................................... 193
3.5.3 Anti-Virus............................................................................................................................................... 193
3.5.3.1 Setting .......................................................................................................................................... 193
3.5.3.2 Virus Mail ..................................................................................................................................... 194
3.6 IDP.................................................................................................................................................................. 195
3.6.1 Setting ................................................................................................................................................... 195
3.6.2 Signature............................................................................................................................................... 196
3.6.3 IDP Report ............................................................................................................................................ 199
3.7 ANOMALY FLOW IP ......................................................................................................................................... 200
3.8 MONITOR......................................................................................................................................................... 201
3.8.1 Log ......................................................................................................................................................... 201
3.8.1.1 Traffic ............................................................................................................................................ 201
3.8.1.2 Event ............................................................................................................................................ 203
3.8.1.3 Connection .................................................................................................................................. 205
3.8.1.4 Log Backup.................................................................................................................................. 206
3.8.2 Accounting Report ............................................................................................................................... 208
3.8.2.1 Setting .......................................................................................................................................... 208
3.8.2.2 Outbound ..................................................................................................................................... 209
3.8.2.3 Inbound ........................................................................................................................................ 212
3.8.3 Statistic .................................................................................................................................................. 214
3.8.3.1 WAN Statistics............................................................................................................................. 215
3.8.3.2 Policy Statistics ........................................................................................................................... 216
3.8.4 Status..................................................................................................................................................... 217
3.8.4.1 Interface Status................................................................................................................................. 217
3.8.4.2 Authentication.............................................................................................................................. 218
3.8.4.3 ARP Table .................................................................................................................................... 219
3.8.4.4 DHCP Clients .............................................................................................................................. 219
Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
Chapter 1: Introduction
Thank you for purchasing new model of Planet’s Security Gateway CS-1000, a special designed of security
gateway, adopts Heuristics Analysis to filter spam and virus mail, auto-training system can raise identify rate
of spam, and built-in Clam virus scan engine can detect viruses, worms and other threats from email transfer.
CS-1000 does not just provide the same feature as the previous generation product CS-500, such as Content
Blocking to block specific URL, Scripts, IM/P2P program, IPSec and PPTP VPN server, QoS, Authentication
etc. Built-in two WAN interfaces allow CS-1000 to support outbound load balance and wan fail-over feature.
Furthermore, the VPN Trunk provides VPN fail-over and load balance features, that can offer a VPN
redundant mechanism to keep your VPN connection being on line.
CS-1000 not only can filter spam and virus mail, but also is a high performance VPN firewall. Moreover,
built-in IDP and firewall function can defense hacker and blaster attack from Internet or Intranet. The
completely function in one device can provide you an excellent security solution and the secure environment
than ever.
1.1 Features
♦
Anti-Spam Filtering: Multiple defense layers (Head Analysis, Text Analysis, Blacklist & Whitelist,
Bayesian Filtering, Spam Fingerprint, Checking sender account and IP address), and Heuristics Analysis
to block over 95% spam mail. Customizable notification options and spam mail report are provided for
administrator. Varied actions toward spam mail include: Delete, Deliver, and Forward. Built-in
auto-training system to rise identify rate of spam mail substantially.
♦
Anti-Virus Protection: Built-in Clam virus scan engine can detect viruses, worms, and other threats
from email transfer. Scan mission-critical content protocols-SMTP, POP3 in real time as traffic enters the
network to provide maximum protection. Customizable notification options and virus mail report are
provided for administrator. Varied actions toward spam mail include: Delete, Deliver, and Forward.
♦
VPN Connectivity: The security gateway support PPTP server/client and IPSec VPN. With DES, 3DES
and AES encryption and SHA-1 / MD5 authentication, the network traffic over public Internet is secured.
♦
VPN Trunk: VPN trunk function provides VPN load balance and VPN fail-over feature to keep the VPN
connection more reliable.
♦
Content Filtering: The security gateway can block network connection based on URLs, Scripts (The
Pop-up, Java Applet, cookies and Active X), P2P (eDonkey, Bit Torrent and WinMX), Instant
Messaging (MSN, Yahoo Messenger, ICQ, QQ and Skype) and Download. If there are new updated
version of P2P or IM software in client side, CS-1000 will detect the difference and update the Content
Filtering pattern to renew the filtering mechanism.
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♦
IDP: CS-1000 provides three kinds of the Signature to complete the intrusion detection system, user can
select to configure “Anomaly”, “Pre-defined” and “Custom” according to the current environment’s
request.
♦
Anti-Virus for HTTP, FTP, P2P, IM, NetBIOS: The CS-1000 not only can provide Anti-virus feature for
mail, it also can filter the virus from varied protocol. The virus pattern can be updated automatically or
manually.
♦
Policy-based Firewall: The built-in policy-based firewall prevent many known hacker attack including
SYN attack, ICMP flood, UDP flood, Ping of Death, etc. The access control function allowed only
specified WAN or LAN users to use only allowed network services on specified time.
♦
QoS: You can control the outbound and inbound Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth by configuring the
QoS based on the WAN bandwidth.
♦
Authentication: Web-based authentication allows users to be authenticated by web browser. User
database can be configured on the devices or through external RADIUS server.
♦
WAN Backup: The CS-1000 can monitor each WAN link status and automatically activate backup links
when a failure is detected. The detection is based on the configurable target Internet addresses.
♦
Outbound Load Balancing: The network sessions are assigned based on the user configurable load
balancing mode, including “Auto”, “Round-Robin”, “By Traffic”, “By Session” and “By Packet”. User can
also configure which IP or TCP/UDP type of traffic use which WAN port to connect.
♦
Multiple NAT: Multiple NAT allows local port to set multiple subnet works and connect to the Internet
through different WAN IP addresses.
1.2 Package Contents
The following items should be included:
CS-1000
„ CS-1000 x 1
„ Power Adapter x 1
„ Quick Installation Guide x 1
„ User’s Manual CD x 1
„ Console cable x 1
„ RJ-45 cable
„ Rack-mount ear
If any of the contents are missing or damaged, please contact your dealer or distributor immediately.
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1.3 Multi-Homing Security Gateway Front View
CS-1000 Front Panel
LED
Description
PWR
Power is supplied to this device.
STATUS
Blinks to indicate this devise is being turned on and
booting. After one minute, this LED indicator will stop
blinking, it means this device is now ready to use.
WAN1,
Green
Steady on indicates the port is connected
WAN2, LAN,
to other network device.
DMZ
Blink to indicates there is traffic on the port
Orange
Steady on indicates the port is connected
at 100Mbps speed
1.4 Multi-Homing Security Gateway Rear Panel
CS-1000 Rear Panel
1.5 Specification
Product
Model
Hardware
Ethernet
Multi-Homing Security Gateway
CS-1000
LAN
WAN
DMZ
1 x 10/100 Based-TX RJ-45
2 x 10/100 Based-TX RJ-45
1 x 10/100 Based-TX RJ-45
Power
100~250 VAC, 50~60 Hz, 0.6A
Operating Environment
Temperature: 0~60°C
Relative Humidity: 5%~95%
Dimension W x D x H, mm 237 x 440 x 43
Regulatory
FCC, CE Mark
Software
Management
Web
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Network Connection
Routing Mode
Concurrent Sessions
New session / second
Email Capacity per Day
Firewall Throughout
3DES Throughput
Firewall
VPN Tunnels
VPN Function
Content Filtering
IDP
Scanning Mail Settings
Anti-Virus
Anti-Spam
QoS
User Authentication
Logs
Accounting Report
Statistics
Others
Transparent mode (WAN to DMZ), NAT, Multi-NAT
Static Route, RIPv2
110,000
10,000
120,000
100Mbps
17Mbps
Policy-based firewall rule with schedule, NAT/NAPT, SPI firewall
100/200
PPTP server and client, IPSec
DES, 3DES and AES encrypting
SHA-1 / MD5 authentication algorithm
Remote access VPN (Client-to-Site) and Site to Site VPN
VPN Trunk
URL Blocking
Blocks Popup, Java Applet, cookies and Active X
P2P Application Blocking
Instant Message Blocking
Download Blocking
Anti-Virus for HTTP, FTP, P2P, IM, NetBIOS
Automatic or manual update virus and signature database
Anomaly: Syn Flood, UDP Flood, ICMP Flood and more.
Pre-defined : Backdoor, DDoS, DoS, Exploit, NetBIOS and Spyware.
Custom: User defined based on TCP, UDP, ICMP or IP protocol.
The allowed size of scanned mail: 10 ~ 512Kbytes
Email attachment virus scanning by SMTP, POP3
Inbound scanning for internal and external Mail Server
Action of infected mail: Delete, Deliver to the recipient, forward to an account
Automatic or manual update virus database
Inbound scanning for external and internal Mail Server
Support Spam Fingerprint, Bayesian filtering, checking sender account and IP
to filter the spam mail
Black list and white list support auto training system
Action of spam mail : Delete, Deliver to the recipient, forward to an account
Policy-based bandwidth management
Guarantee and maximum bandwidth with 3 priority levels
Classify traffics based on IP, IP subnet, TCP/UDP port
Built-in user database with up to 200 entries
Support local database, RADIUS and POP3 authentication
Log and alarm for event and traffic
Log can be saved from web, sent by e-mail or sent to syslog server
Record inbound and outbound traffic’s utilization by Source IP, Destination IP
and Service
Traffic statistics for WAN interface and policies
Graphic display
Dynamic DNS, NTP, DHCP server, Virtual server,
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Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
Chapter 2: Getting Started
2.1 Web Configuration
STEP 1:
Connect both the Administrator’s PC and the LAN port of the Multi-Homing Security Gateway to a hub or
switch. Make sure there is a link light on the hub/switch for both connections. The Multi-Homing Security
Gateway has an embedded web server used for management and configuration. Use a web browser to
display the configurations of the Multi-Homing Security Gateway (such as Internet Explorer 4(or above) or
Netscape 4.0(or above) with full java script support). The default IP address of the Multi-Homing Security
Gateway is 192.168.1.1 with a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0. Therefore, the IP address of the Administrator
PC must be in the range between 192.168.1.2– 192.168.1.254
If the company’s LAN IP Address is not subnet of 192.168.1.0, (i.e. LAN IP Address is 172.16.0.1), then the
Administrator must change his/her PC IP address to be within the same range of the LAN subnet (i.e.
172.16.0.2). Reboot the PC if necessary.
By default, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway is shipped with its DHCP Server function enabled. This means
the client computers on the LAN network including the Administrator PC can set their TCP/IP settings to
automatically obtain an IP address from the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
STEP 2:
Once the Administrator PC has an IP address as the same network as the Multi-Homing Security Gateway,
open up an Internet web browser and type in http://192.168.1.1 in the address bar.
A pop-up screen will appear and prompt for a username and password. A username and password is required
to connect to the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. Enter the default login username and password of
Administrator (see below).
Username: admin
Password: admin
Click OK.
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2.2 Configure WAN1 interface
After entering the username and password, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway WEB UI screen will display.
Select the Interface tab on the left menu then click on WAN below it.
Click on Modify button of WAN NO.1. The following page is shown.
Alive Indicator Site IP: This feature is used to ping an address for detecting WAN connection status.
Service: ICMP You can select an IP address by Assist, or type an IP address manually.
Service: DNS You can select a DNS IP and Domain name by Assist, or type the related data manually.
PPPoE (ADSL User): This option is for PPPoE users who are required to enter a username and password in
order to connect.
Username: Enter the PPPoE username provided by the ISP.
Password: Enter the PPPoE password provided by the ISP.
IP Address provided by ISP:
Dynamic: Select this if the IP address is automatically assigned by the ISP.
Fixed: Select this if you were given a static IP address. Enter the IP address that is given to you by
your ISP.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
Service-On-Demand:
The PPPoE connection will automatically disconnect after a length of idle time (no activities). Enter in
the amount of idle minutes before disconnection. Enter ‘0’ if you do not want the PPPoE connection to
disconnect at all.
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For Dynamic IP Address (Cable Modem User): This option is for users who are automatically assigned an
IP address by their ISP, such as cable modem users. The following fields apply:
MAC Address: This is the MAC Address of the device. Some ISPs require specified MAC address. If the
required MAC address is your PC’s, click Clone MAC Address.
Hostname: This will be the name assign to the device. Some cable modem ISP assign a specific
hostname in order to connect to their network. Please enter the hostname here. If not required by your
ISP, you do not have to enter a hostname.
Domain Name: You can specify your own domain name or leave it blank.
User Name: The user name is provided by ISP.
Password: The password is provided by ISP.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
For Static IP Address: This option is for users who are assigned a static IP Address from their ISP. Your ISP
will provide all the information needed for this section such as IP Address, Netmask, Gateway, and DNS. Use
this option also if you have more than one public IP Address assigned to you.
IP Address: Enter the static IP address assigned to you by your ISP. This will be the public IP address of
the WAN port of the device.
Netmask: This will be the Netmask of the WAN network. (i.e. 255.255.255.0)
Default Gateway: This will be the Gateway IP address.
Domain Name Server (DNS): This is the IP Address of the DNS server.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
Ping: Select this to allow the WAN network to ping the IP Address of the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. This
will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. If set to enable, the
device will respond to echo request packets from the WAN network.
HTTP: Select this will allow the WebUI to be configured from a user on the Internet. Keep in mind that the
device always requires a username and password to enter the WebUI.
2.3 Configure WAN2 interface
If you want to connect WAN 2 to another ISP connection, click Modify button of WAN No. 2 then repeat above
procedures to setup.
2.4 Configure DMZ interface
Depends on your network requirement, you can disable the DMZ port, make DMZ port transparent to WAN or
enable NAT function on it.
To configure the DMZ port, select the Interface tab on the left menu, then click on DMZ, the following page is
shown.
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2.5 Configure Policy
STEP 1:
Click on the Policy tab from the main function menu, and then click on Outgoing (LAN to WAN) from the
sub-function list.
STEP 2:
Click on New Entry button.
STEP 3:
When the New Entry option appears, enter the following configuration:
Source Address – select “Inside_Any”
Destination Address – select “Outside_Any”
Service - select “ANY”
Action - select “Permit, ALL”
Click on OK to apply the changes.
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STEP 4:
The configuration is successful when the screen below is displayed.
Please make sure that all the computers connected to LAN port must set their Default Gateway IP Address to
the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s LAN IP Address (i.e. 192.168.1.1). At this point, all the computers on the
LAN network should gain access to the Internet immediately. If a Multi-Homing Security Gateway filter
function is required, please refer to the Policy section in chapter 3.
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Chapter 3: Web Configuration
3.1 System
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway Administration and monitoring configuration is set by the System
Administrator. The System Administrator can add or modify System settings and monitoring mode. The sub
Administrators can only read System settings but not modify them. In System, the System Administrator can:
1. Add and change the sub Administrator’s names and passwords;
2. Back up all Multi-Homing Security Gateway settings into local files;
“System” is the managing of settings such as the privileges of packets that pass through the Multi-Homing
Security Gateway and monitoring controls. Administrators may manage, monitor, and configure Multi-Homing
Security Gateway settings. All configurations are “read-only” for all users other than the Administrator; those
users are not able to change any settings for the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
System setting can divide into two parts: Administration, Configure and Logout.
Administration:
Admin: controls user access right to the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. User can add/remove users and
change passwords.
Permitted IPs: Enables the Administrator to authorize specific internal/external IP address(es) for gateway
managing.
Software Update: The administrator can update the device’s software with the latest version downloaded
from Planet’s website, in order to optimize the performance and keep up with the latest fixes for intruding
attacks.
Configure:
Setting: The Administrator may use this function to backup Multi-Homing Security Gateway configurations
and export (save) them to a computer; or restore a configuration file to the device; or reset the Multi-Homing
Security Gateway back to default factory settings. Under Setting, the Administrator may enable e-mail alert
notification. This will alert Administrator(s) automatically whenever the Multi-Homing Security Gateway has
experienced unauthorized access or a network hit (hacking or flooding). Once enabled, an IP address of a
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer protocol) Server is required. Up to two e-mail addresses can be entered for the
alert notifications.
Date/Time: This function enables the Multi-Homing Security Gateway to be synchronized based on an
Internet Time Server or with the client computer’s clock.
Multiple Subnet: This function allows local port to be set with multiple IP subnet, and allow all clients
connecting to the internet via WAN IP Address.
Route Table: Use this function to configure static route for the networks when the dynamic route is not
efficient enough.
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Multi-Homing Security Gateway User’s Manual
DHCP: Administrator can configure DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) settings for the LAN (LAN)
network.
Dynamic DNS: The Dynamic DNS (require Dynamic DNS Service) allows you to alias a dynamic IP address
to a static hostname, allowing your device to be more easily accessed by specific name. When this function is
enabled, the IP address in Dynamic DNS Server will be automatically updated with the new IP address
provided by ISP.
Host Table: The Multi-Homing Security Gateway Administrator may use the Host Table function to make the
Multi-Homing Security Gateway act as a DNS Server for the LAN and DMZ network. All DNS requests to a
specific Domain Name will be routed to the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s IP address. For example, let’s
say an organization has their mail server (i.e., mail.planet.com.tw) in the DMZ network (i.e. 192.168.10.10).
The outside Internet world may access the mail server of the organization easily by its domain name,
providing that the Administrator has set up Virtual Server or Mapped IP settings correctly. However, for the
users in the LAN network, their WAN DNS server will assign them a public IP address for the mail server. So
for the LAN network to access the mail server (mail.planet.com.tw), they would have to go out to the Internet,
then to come back through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway to access the mail server. Essentially, the LAN
network is accessing the mail server by a real public IP address, while the mail server serves their request by
a NAT address and not a real one. This odd situation occurs when there are servers in the DMZ network and
they are bound to real IP addresses. To avoid this, set up Host Table so all the LAN network computers will
use the Multi-Homing Security Gateway as a DNS server, which acts as the DNS Proxy.
Language: Both Chinese and English are supported in the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
Logout:
Logout: Administrator logs out the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. This function protects your system while
you are away.
3.1.1 Admin
On the left hand menu, click on Administration, and then select Admin below it. The current list of
Administrator(s) shows up.
ÍÍ
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Settings of the Administration table
Admin Name: The username of Administrators for the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. The user admin
cannot be removed.
Privilege: The privileges of Administrators (Admin or Sub Admin)
The username of the main Administrator is Admin with read / write privilege.
Sub Admin may be created by clicking New Sub Admin. Sub Admin have read only privilege.
Configure: Click Modify to change the “Sub Admin” password and click Remove to delete a “Sub Admin”.
Changing the Main/Sub-Admin’s Password
Step 1. The Modify Admin Password window will appear. Enter in the required information:
„
Password: enter original password.
„
New Password: enter new password
„
Confirm Password: enter the new password again.
Step 2. Click OK to confirm password change or click Cancel to cancel it.
Adding a new Sub Admin
Step 1. In the Add New Sub Admin window:
„ Sub Admin Name: enter the username of new Sub Admin.
„ Password: enter a password for the new Sub Admin.
„ Confirm Password: enter the password again.
Step 2. Click OK to add the user or click Cancel to cancel the addition.
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Removing a Sub Admin
Step 1. In the Administration table, locate the Admin name you want to edit, and click on the Remove
option in the Configure field.
Step 2. The Remove confirmation pop-up box will appear. Click OK to remove that Sub Admin or click
Cancel to cancel.
3.1.2 Permitted IPs
Only the authorized IP address is permitted to manage the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
ÍÍ
Add Permitted IPs Address
Step 1. Click New Entry button.
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Step 2. In IP Address field, enter the LAN IP address or WAN IP address.
„
Name: Enter the host name for the authorized IP address.
„
IP Address: Enter the LAN IP address or WAN IP address.
„
Netmask: Enter the netmask of LAN/WAN.
„
Ping: Select this to allow the external network to ping the IP Address of the Firewall.
„
HTTP: Check this item, Web User can use HTTP to connect to the Setting window of
Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
Step 3. Click OK to add Permitted IP or click Cancel to discard changes.
Modify Permitted IPs Address
Step 1. In the table of Permitted IPs, highlight the IP you want to modify, and then click Modify.
Step 2. In Modify Permitted IPs, enter new IP address.
Step 3. Click OK to modify or click Cancel to discard changes.
Remove Permitted IPs Addresses
Step 1. In the table of Permitted IPs, highlight the IP you want to remove, and then click Remove.
Step 2. In the confirm window, click OK to remove or click Cancel to discard changes.
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3.1.3 Software Update
Under Software Update, the admin may update the device’s software with newer software. You may acquire
the current version number of software in Version Number. Administrators may visit Planet’s website to
download the latest version and save it in server’s hard disk.
Step 1. Click Browse to select the latest version of Software.
Step 2. Click OK to update software.
ÍÍ
NOTE: It takes three minutes to update the software. The system will restart automatically after updating the
software.
3.1.4 Setting
The Administrator may use this function to backup Multi-Homing Security Gateway configurations and export
(save) them to the “Administrator” computer or anywhere on the network; or restore a configuration file to
the device; or restore the Multi-Homing Security Gateway back to default factory settings.
Entering the Settings window
Click Setting in the Configure menu to enter the Settings window. The Setting will be shown on the screen.
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Exporting Multi-Homing Security Gateway settings
Step 1. Under Backup/Restore Configuration, click on the Download button next to Export System
Settings to Client.
Step 2. When the File Download pop-up window appears, choose the destination place to save the
exported file. The Administrator may choose to rename the file if preferred.
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Importing Multi-Homing Security Gateway settings
Under Backup/Restore Configuration, click on the Browse button next to Import System Settings from
Client. When the Choose File pop-up window appears, select the file which contains the saved Multi-Homing
Security Gateway Settings, then click OK.
Click OK to import the file into the Multi-Homing Security Gateway or click Cancel to cancel importing.
Restoring Factory Default Settings
Step 1. Select Reset Factory Settings under Backup/Restore Configuration.
Step 2. Click OK at the bottom-right of the screen to restore the factory settings.
System Name Setting
Input the name you want into Device Name column to be the device name.
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Email Setting
Step 1. Select Enable E-mail Alert Notification under E-Mail Setting. This function will enable the
Multi-Homing Security Gateway to send e-mail alerts to the System Administrator when the
network is being attacked by hackers or when emergency conditions occur.
Step 2. SMTP Server IP: Enter SMTP server’s IP address.
Step 3. E-Mail Address 1: Enter the first e-mail address to receive the alarm notification.
Step 4. E-Mail Address 2: Enter the second e-mail address to receive the alarm notification. (Optional)
Click OK on the bottom-right of the screen to enable E-mail alert notification.
Web Management (WAN Interface)
The administrator can change the port number used by HTTP port anytime. (Remote UI Management)
Step 1. Set Web Management (WAN Interface). The administrator can change the port number used
by HTTP port anytime.
MTU (set networking packet length)
The administrator can modify the networking packet length.
Step 1. MTU Setting. Modify the networking packet length.
Link Speed / Duplex Mode Setting
This function allows administrator to set the transmission speed and mode of WAN Port.
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Dynamic Routing (RIPv2)
Enable Dynamic Routing (RIPv2), CS-1000 will advertise an IP address pool to the specific network so that
the address pool can be provided to the network. You can choose to enable LAN, WAN or DMZ interface to
allow RIP protocol supporting.
Routing information update timer: CS-1000 will send out the RIP protocol in a period of time to update the
routing table, the default timer is 30 seconds.
Routing information timeout: If CS-1000 does not receive the RIP protocol from the other router in a period
of time, it will cut off the routing automatically until it receives RIP protocol again. The default timer is 180
seconds.
To-Appliance Packet Logging
When the function is selected, the CS-1000 will record the packets that contain the IP address of CS-1000 in
source or destination, the records will display in Traffic Log for administrator to inquire about.
System Reboot
Once this function is enabled, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway will be rebooted.
Reboot Appliance: Click Reboot.
A confirmation pop-up box will appear. Follow the confirmation pop-up box, click OK to restart Multi-Homing
Security Gateway or click Cancel to discard changes.
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3.1.5 Date/Time
Synchronizing the Multi-Homing Security Gateway with the System Clock
Administrator can configure the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s date and time by either syncing to an
Internet Network Time Server (NTP) or by syncing to your computer’s clock.
Follow these steps to sync to an Internet Time Server
Step 1.
Enable synchronization by checking the box.
Step 2.
Click the down arrow to select the offset time from GMT.
Step 3.
Enter the Server IP Address or Server name with which you want to synchronize.
Step 4.
Update system clock every □ minutes You can set the interval time to synchronize with
outside servers. If you set it to 0, it means the device will not synchronize automatically.
Follow this step to sync to your computer’s clock.
Step 1.
Click on the Sync button.
Click OK to apply the setting or click Cancel to discard changes.
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ÍÍ
3.1.6 Multiple Subnet
NAT mode
Multiple Subnet allows local port to set multiple subnet works and connect with the Internet through WAN IP
Addresses.
For instance, the lease line of a company applies several real IP Addresses 168.85.88.0/24, and the company
is divided into R&D department, service, sales department, procurement department, accounting department,
the company can distinguish each department by different subnet works for the purpose of convenient
management. The settings are as the following:
1. R&D department sub-network: 192.168.1.11/24 (LAN) ÅÆ 168.85.88.253 (WAN)
2. Service department sub-network: 192.168.2.11/24 (LAN) ÅÆ 168.85.88.252 (WAN)
3. Sales department sub-network: 192.168.3.11/24 (LAN) ÅÆ 168.85.88.251 (WAN)
4. Procurement department sub-network: 192.168.4.11/24 (LAN) ÅÆ 168.85.88.250(WAN)
5. Accounting department sub-network: 192.168.5.11/24 (LAN) ÅÆ 168.85.88.249 (WAN)
The first department (R&D department) was set while setting interface IP, the other four ones have to be
added in Multiple Subnet, after completing the settings, each department use the different WAN IP address to
connect to the internet. The settings of LAN computers on Service department are as the following:
Service IP Address: 192.168.2.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway: 192.168.2.11
The other departments are also set by groups, this is the function of Multiple Subnet.
Multiple Subnet settings
Click System on the left side menu bar, select Configure then click Multiple Subnet to enter Multiple Subnet
window.
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ÍÍ
Multiple Subnet functions
WAN Interface IP / Forwarding Mode: Display WAN Port IP address and Forwarding Mode.
Interface: Indicate the multiple subnet location in LAN or DMZ site.
Alias IP of Interface / Netmask: Local port IP address and subnet Mask.
Configure: Modify the settings of Multiple Subnet. Click Modify to modify the parameters of Multiple Subnet
or click Delete to delete settings.
Add a Multiple Subnet NAT Mode.
Step 1: Click the New Entry button below to add Multiple Subnet.
Step 2: Enter the IP address in the website name column of the new window.
Alias IP of Interface: Enter Local port IP address.
Netmask: Enter Local port subnet Mask.
WAN Interface IP: Add WAN IP.
Forwarding Mode: Click the NAT button below to setup.
Step 3: Click OK to add Multiple Subnet or click Cancel to discard changes.
Modify a Multiple Subnet
Step 1: Find the IP address you want to modify and click Modify.
Step 2: Enter the new IP address in Modify Multiple Subnet window.
Step 3: Click the OK button below to change the setting or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing a Multiple Subnet
Step 1: Find the IP address you want to delete and click Delete.
Step 2: A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to delete the setting or click Cancel to discard
changes.
Routing Mode
Multiple Subnet allows local port to set Multiple Subnet Routing Mode and connect with the Internet through
WAN IP address.
For example, the leased line of a company applies several real IP Addresses 168.85.88.0/24 and the
company is divided into R&D, Customer Service, Sales, Procurement, and Accounting Department. The
company can distinguish each department by different sub-network for the purpose of convenient
management.
The settings are as the following:
R&D: Alias IP of LAN interface - 168.85.88.1, Netmask: 255.255.255.192
Sales: Alias IP of LAN interface - 168.85.88.65, Netmask: 255.255.255.192
Procurement: Alias IP of LAN interface - 168.85.88.129, Netmask: 255.255.255.192
Accounting: Alias IP of LAN interface - 168.85.88.193, Netmask: 255.255.255.192
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Click System on the left side menu bar, then click Multiple Subnet below Configure menu. Enter Multiple
Subnet window.
Multiple Subnet functions
WAN Interface IP / Forwarding Mode: Display WAN Port IP address and Forwarding Mode which is NAT
Mode or Routing Mode.
Interface: Indicate the multiple subnet location in LAN or DMZ site.
Alias IP of Interface / Netmask: Local port IP address and subnet Mask.
Configure: Modify the settings of Multiple Subnet. Click Modify to modify the parameters of Multiple Subnet
or click Delete to delete settings.
Adding a Multiple Subnet Routing Mode
Step 1: Click the Add button below to add Multiple Subnet.
Step 2: Enter the IP address in Add Multiple Subnet window.
Alias IP of Interface: Enter Local port IP Address.
Netmask: Enter Local port subnet Mask.
WAN Interface IP: Add WAN IP
Forwarding Mode: Click the Routing button below to setup.
Step 3: Click OK to add Multiple Subnet or click Cancel to discard changes.
Step 4: Adding a new WAN to LAN Policy. In the Incoming window, click the New Entry button.
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Modify a Multiple Subnet Routing Mode
Step 1: Find the IP address you want to modify in Multiple Subnet menu, then click Modify button, on the right
side of the service providers, click OK.
Step 2: Enter the new IP address in Modify Multiple Subnet window.
Step 3: Click the OK button below to change the setting or click Cancel to discard changes.
Removing a Multiple Subnet Routing Mode
Step 1: Find the IP Address you want to delete in Multiple Subnet menu, then click Delete button, on the right
side of the service providers, click OK.
Step 2: A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to delete the setting or click Cancel to discard
changes.
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3.1.7 Route Table
In this section, the Administrator can add static routes for the networks.
Entering the Route Table screen
Step 1. Click System on the left hand side menu bar, then click Route Table below the Configure
menu. The Route Table window appears, in which current route settings are shown.
ÍÍ
Route Table functions
„
Interface: Destination network, LAN or WAN networks.
„
Destination IP / Netmask: IP address and subnet mask of destination network.
„
Gateway: Gateway IP address for connecting to destination network.
„
Configure: Change settings in the route table.
Adding a new Static Route
Step 1. In the Route Table window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add New Static Route window, enter new static route information.
Step 3. In the Interface field’s pull-down menu, choose the network to connect (LAN, WAN, DMZ).
Step 4. Click OK to add the new static route or click Cancel to cancel.
Modifying a Static Route:
Step 1. In the Route Table menu, find the route to edit and click the corresponding Modify option in the
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Configure field.
Step 2. In the Modify Static Route window, modify the necessary routing addresses.
Step 3. Click OK to apply changes or click Cancel to cancel it.
Removing a Static Route
Step 1. In the Route Table window, find the route to remove and click the corresponding Remove option
in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to confirm removing or click Cancel to cancel
it.
3.1.8 DHCP
In the section, the Administrator can configure DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) settings for the
LAN network.
Entering the DHCP window
Click System on the left hand side menu bar, then to click DHCP below the Configure menu. The DHCP
window appears in which current DHCP settings are shown on the screen.
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ÍÍ
Dynamic IP Address functions
„
Subnet: LAN network’s subnet
„
Netmask: LAN network’s netmask
„
Gateway: LAN network’s gateway IP address
„
Broadcast: LAN network’s broadcast IP address
Enabling DHCP Support
Step 1. In the Dynamic IP Address window, click Enable DHCP Support.
Domain Name: The Administrator may enter the name of the LAN network domain if preferred.
Automatically Get DNS: Check this box to automatically detect DNS server.
DNS Server 1: Enter the distributed IP address of DNS Server 1.
DNS Server 2: Enter the distributed IP address of DNS Server 2.
WINS Server 1: Enter the distributed IP address of WINS Server 1.
WINS Server 2: Enter the distributed IP address of WINS Server 2.
LAN interface:
Client IP Address Range 1: Enter the starting and the ending IP address dynamically
assigning to DHCP clients.
Client IP Address Range 2: Enter the starting and the ending IP address dynamically
assigning to DHCP clients. (Optional)
DMZ interface:
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Client IP Address Range 1: Enter the starting and the ending IP address dynamically
assigning to DHCP clients.
Client IP Address Range 2: Enter the starting and the ending IP address dynamically
assigning to DHCP clients. (Optional)
Leased Time: Enter the leased time for DHCP.
Step 2. Click OK to enable DHCP support.
3.1.9 Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS (require Dynamic DNS Service) allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static
hostname, allowing your device to be more easily accessed by specific name. When this function is enabled,
the IP address in Dynamic DNS Server will be automatically updated with the new IP address provided by
ISP.
ÍÍ
Click Dynamic DNS in the System menu to enter Dynamic DNS window.
The icons in Dynamic DNS window:
!: Update Status,
Connecting;
Update succeed;
Update fail;
Unidentified error.
Domain name: Enter the password provided by ISP.
WAN IP Address: IP address of the WAN port.
Configure: Modify dynamic DNS settings. Click Modify to change the DNS parameters; click Delete to delete
the settings.
How to use dynamic DNS:
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway provides many service providers, users have to register prior to use this
function. For the usage regulations, see the providers’ websites.
How to register:
Firstly, Click Dynamic DNS in the System menu to enter Dynamic DNS window, then click Add button on the
right side of the service providers, click Sign up, the service providers’ website will appear, please refer to the
website for the way of registration.
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Click to link to the website selected on the left.
Add Dynamic DNS settings
Step 1. Click Add button.
Step 2. Click the information in the column of the new window.
Service providers: Select service providers.
Sign up: to the service providers’ website.
WAN IP Address: IP Address of the WAN port.
… Automatically : Check to automatically fill in the WAN IP.。
User Name: Enter the registered user name.
Password: Enter the password provided by ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Domain name: Your host domain name provided by ISP.
Click OK to add dynamic DNS or click Cancel to discard changes.
Modify dynamic DNS
Step 1. Find the item you want to change and click Modify.
Step 2. Enter the new information in the Modify Dynamic DNS window.
Click OK to change the settings or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Remove Dynamic DNS
Step 1. Find the item you want to change and click Remove.
Step 2. A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to delete the settings or click Cancel to discard
changes.
3.1.10 Host Table
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s Administrator may use the Host Table function to make the
Multi-Homing Security Gateway act as a DNS Server for the LAN and DMZ network. All DNS requests to a
specific Domain Name will be routed to the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s IP address. For example, let’s
say an organization has their mail server (i.e., mail.planet.com.tw) in the DMZ network (i.e. 192.168.10.10).
The outside Internet world may access the mail server of the organization easily by its domain name,
providing that the Administrator has set up Virtual Server or Mapped IP settings correctly. However, for the
users in the LAN network, their WAN DNS server will assign them a public IP address for the mail server. So
for the LAN network to access the mail server (mail.planet.com.tw), they would have to go out to the Internet,
then to come back through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway to access the mail server. Essentially, the LAN
network is accessing the mail server by a real public IP address, while the mail server serves their request by
a NAT address and not a real one.
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This odd situation occurs when there are servers in the DMZ network and they are bound to real IP addresses.
To avoid this, set up Host Table so all the LAN network computers will use the Multi-Homing Security
Gateway as a DNS server, which acts as the DNS proxy.
If you want to use the Host Table function of the device, the end user’s main DNS server IP address
should be the same IP Address as the device.
Click on System in the menu bar, then to click on Host Table below the Configure menu. The Host Table
window will appear.
ÍÍ
Below is the information needed for setting up the Host Table:
•
Host Name: The domain name of the server
•
Virtual IP Address: The virtual IP address respective to Host Table
•
Configure: modify or remove each Host Table policy
Adding a new Host Table
Step 1:
Click on the New Entry button and the Add New Host Table window will appear.
Step 2:
Fill in the appropriate settings for the domain name and virtual IP address.
Step 3:
Click OK to save the policy or Cancel to cancel.
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Modifying a Host Table
Step 1:
In the Host Table window, find the policy to be modified and click the corresponding Modify option
in the Configure field.
Step 2:
Make the necessary changes needed.
Step 3:
Click OK to save changes or click on Cancel to cancel modifications.
Removing a Host Table
Step 1:
In the Host Table window, find the policy to be removed and click the corresponding Remove
option in the Configure field.
Step 2:
A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to remove the Host Table or click Cancel.
3.1.11 Language
Administrator can configure the Multi-Homing Security Gateway to select the Language version.
Step 1. Select the Language version (English Version, Traditional Chinese Version or Simplified
Chinese Version).
Step 2. Click [OK] to set the Language version or click Cancel to discard changes.
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3.1.12 Logout
Step 1. Select this option to the device’s Logout the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. This function
protects your system while you are away.
Step 2. Click Logout the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
Step 3. Click OK to logout or click Cancel to discard the change.
ÍÍ
3.2 Interface
In this section, the Administrator can set up the IP addresses for the office network. The Administrator may
configure the IP addresses of the LAN network, the WAN network, and the DMZ network. The netmask and
gateway IP addresses are also configured in this section.
3.2.1 LAN
Entering the Interface menu:
Click on Interface in the left menu bar. Then click on LAN below it. The current settings of the interface
addresses will appear on the screen.
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Configuring the Interface Settings
Using the LAN Interface, the Administrator sets up the LAN network. The LAN network will use a private IP
scheme. The private IP network will not be routable on the Internet.
IP Address: The private IP address of the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s LAN network is the IP address of
the LAN port of the device. The default IP address is 192.168.1.1. If the new LAN IP Address is not
192.168.1.1, the Administrator needs to set the IP Address on the computer to be the same subnet as the
Multi-Homing Security Gateway and restart the System to make the new IP address effective. For example, if
the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s new LAN IP Address is 172.16.0.1, then enter the new LAN IP Address
172.16.0.1 in the URL field of browser to connect to Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
NetMask: This is the subnet mask of the LAN network. The default netmask of the device is 255.255.255.0.
Ping: Select this to allow the LAN network to ping the IP Address of the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. If set
to enable, the device will respond to ping packets from the LAN network.
HTTP: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the LAN network.
3.2.2 WAN
Entering the Interface menu
Click on Interface in the left menu bar. Then click on WAN below it. The current settings of the interface
addresses will appear on the screen.
Balance Mode:
Auto: CS-1000 distributes the WAN 1/2 download by proportion automatically according to the WAN
download bandwidth. (For users who are using various download bandwidth)
Round-Robin: CS-1000 distributes the WAN 1/2 download bandwidth 1:1, in other words, it selects the
agent by order. (For users who are using same download bandwidths)
By Traffic: CS-1000 distributes the WAN 1/2 download bandwidth by traffic. (For users who are
connected to the Internet via a fixed WAN IP address)
By Session: CS-1000 distributes the WAN 1/2 download bandwidth by session. (For users who are
connected to the Internet via a fixed WAN IP address)
By Packet: CS-1000 distributes the WAN 1/2 download bandwidth by packet and saturated connection.
(For users who are connected to the Internet via a fixed WAN IP address)
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WAN No: WAN port 1 or 2.
Connect Mode: Display the current connection mode: PPPoE, Dynamic IP Address (Cable Modem User) or
Static IP Address.
IP Address: Display the current WAN IP Address.
Saturated Connections: Set the number for saturation whenever session numbers reach it, the CS-1000
switches to the next WAN port on the list. This function is only applicable for By Session mode.
Ping / HTTP: Display Ping/HTTP functions of WAN 1/2 to show if they are enabled or disabled.
Configure: Click Modify to modify WAN 1/2 settings.
Priority: Set priority of WAN 1/2 for Internet Access.
WAN 1/2 Interface
Using the WAN 1/2 Interface, the Administrator can sets up the WAN 1/2 network. These IP addresses are
real public IP Addresses, and are routable on the Internet.
Alive Indicator Site IP: This feature is used to ping an address for detecting WAN connection status.
Service: ICMP You can select an IP address by Assist, or type an IP address manually.
Service: DNS You can select a DNS IP and Domain name by Assist, or type the related data manually.
PPPoE (ADSL User): This option is for PPPoE users who are required to enter a username and password in
order to connect.
Username: Enter the PPPoE username provided by the ISP.
Password: Enter the PPPoE password provided by the ISP.
IP Address provided by ISP:
Dynamic: Select this if the IP address is automatically assigned by the ISP.
Fixed: Select this if you were given a static IP address. Enter the IP address that is given to you by
your ISP.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
Auto Disconnect: The PPPoE connection will automatically disconnect after a length of idle time (no
activities). Enter in the amount of idle minutes before disconnection. Enter ‘0’ if you do not want the
PPPoE connection to disconnect at all.
Ping: Select this to allow the WAN 1 network to ping the IP Address of the Multi-Homing Security
Gateway. This will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. If
it sets to enable, the device will respond to echo request packets from the WAN 1/2 network.
HTTP: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the WAN 1 network. This will allow
WebUI to be configured from a user on the Internet. Keep in mind that the device always requires a
username and password to enter the WebUI.
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For Dynamic IP Address (Cable Modem User): This option is for users who are automatically assigned an
IP address by their ISP, such as cable modem users. The following fields apply:
IP Address: The dynamic IP address obtained by CS-1000 from the ISP will be displayed here. This is
the IP address of the WAN 1 (WAN 2) port of the device.
MAC Address: This is the MAC Address of the device. Some ISPs require specified MAC address. If the
required MAC address is your PC’s, click Clone MAC Address.
Hostname: This will be the name assign to the device. Some cable modem ISP assign a specific
hostname in order to connect to their network. Please enter the hostname here. If not required by your
ISP, you do not have to enter a hostname.
Domain Name: You can specify your own domain name or leave it blank.
User Name: The user name is provided by ISP.
Password: The password is provided by ISP.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
Ping: Select this to allow the WAN 1 network to ping the IP Address of the Multi-Homing Security
Gateway. This will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. If
it sets to enable, the device will respond to echo request packets from the WAN 1/2 network.
HTTP: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the WAN 1 network. This will allow
WebUI to be configured from a user on the Internet. Keep in mind that the device always requires a
username and password to enter the WebUI.
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For Static IP Address: This option is for users who are assigned a static IP Address from their ISP. Your ISP
will provide all the information needed for this section such as IP Address, Netmask, Gateway, and DNS. Use
this option also if you have more than one public IP Address assigned to you.
IP Address: Enter the static IP address assigned to you by your ISP. This will be the public IP address of
the WAN 1 port of the device.
Netmask: This will be the Netmask of the WAN 1 network. (i.e. 255.255.255.0)
Default Gateway: This will be the Gateway IP address.
Domain Name Server (DNS): This is the IP Address of the DNS server.
Max. Upstream/Downstream Bandwidth: The bandwidth provided by ISP.
Ping: Select this to allow the WAN 1 network to ping the IP Address of the Multi-Homing Security
Gateway. This will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
If it sets to enable, the device will respond to echo request packets from the WAN 1/2 network.
HTTP: Select this to allow the device WEBUI to be accessed from the WAN 1 network. This will allow
WebUI to be configured from a user on the Internet. Keep in mind that the device always requires a
username and password to enter the WebUI.
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3.2.3 DMZ
The Administrator uses the DMZ Interface to set up the DMZ network. The DMZ network consists of server
computers such as FTP, SMTP, and HTTP (web). These server computers are put in the DMZ network so they
can be isolated from the LAN (LAN) network traffic. Broadcast messages from the LAN network will not cross
over to the DMZ network to cause congestions and slow down these servers. This allows the server computers
to work efficiently without any slowdowns.
DMZ Interface: Display NAT Mode or TRANSPARENT Mode functions of DMZ to show if they are enabled or
disabled.
IP Address: The private IP address of the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s DMZ interface. This will be the IP
address of the DMZ port. If it is in NAT mode, the IP address will be a private one and cannot use the same
network as the WAN or LAN subnet.
NetMask: This will be the subnet mask of the DMZ network.
Ping: Select this to allow the DMZ network to ping the IP Address of the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. This
will allow people from the Internet to be able to ping the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. If set to enable, the
device will respond to echo request packets from the DMZ network.
HTTP: Select this to allow the device WebUI to be accessed from the DMZ network. This will allow the WebUI
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to be configured from a user on the Internet. Keep in mind that the device always requires a username and
password to enter the WebUI.
3.3 Policy Object
The Policy Object is the pre-setting item for Policy editing. The administrator can configure all necessary
items here before he wants to configure Multi-Homing Security Gateway Policy. The contents include
Address, Service, Schedule, QoS, Authentication, Content Blocking, Virtual server and VPN.
3.3.1 Address
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway allows the Administrator to set addresses of the LAN network, LAN
network group, WAN network, WAN group, DMZ network and DMZ group.
What is the Address Table?
An IP address in the Address Table can be an address of a computer or a sub network. The Administrator can
assign an easily recognized name to an IP address. Based on the network it belongs to, an IP address can be
an LAN IP address, WAN IP address and DMZ IP address. If the Administrator needs to create a control
policy for packets of different IP addresses, he can first add a new group in the LAN Network Group or the
WAN Network Group and assign those IP addresses into the newly created group. Using group addresses
can greatly simplify the process of building control policies.
How to use Address Table
With easily recognized names of IP addresses and names of address groups shown in the address table, the
Administrator can use these names as the source address or destination address of control policies. The
address table should be built before creating control policies, so that the Administrator can pick the names of
correct IP addresses from the address table when setting up control policies.
3.3.1.1 LAN
Entering the LAN window
Step 1. Click LAN under the Address menu to enter the LAN window. The current setting information
such as the name of the LAN network, IP and Netmask addresses will show on the screen.
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ÍÍ
Definition
Name: Name of LAN network address.
IP / Netmask: IP address and subnet mask of LAN network
MAC Address: MAC address corresponded with LAN IP address.
Configure: You can configure the settings in LAN network. Click Modify to change the parameters in LAN
network. Click Remove to delete the settings.
In the LAN window, if one of the members has been added to Policy or LAN Group, the Configure column
will show the message – In Use. In this case, you are not allowed to modify or remove the setting.
Adding a new LAN Address
Step 1. In the LAN window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add New Address window, enter the settings of a new LAN network address.
Step 3. Click OK to add the specified LAN network or click Cancel to cancel the changes.
If you want to enable Get Static IP address from DHCP Server function, enter the MAC Address then check
the Get Static IP address from DHCP Server.
Modifying an LAN Address
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Step 1. In the LAN window, locate the name of the network to be modified. Click the Modify option in its
corresponding Configure field. The Modify Address window appears on the screen
immediately.
Step 2. In the Modify Address window, fill in the new address.
Step 3. Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
Removing a LAN Address
Step 1. In the LAN window, locate the name of the network to be removed. Click the Remove option in
its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the address or click Cancel to
discard changes.
3.3.1.2 LAN Group
Entering the LAN Group window
The LAN Addresses may be combined together to become a group.
Step 1. Click LAN Group under the Address menu to enter the LAN Group window. The current setting
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information for the LAN network group appears on the screen.
ÍÍ
Definitions
Name: Name of the LAN group.
Member: Members of the group.
Configure: Configure the settings of LAN group. Click Modify to change the settings of LAN group. Click
Remove to delete the group.
In the LAN Group window, if one of the LAN Group has been added to Policy, the Configure column will
show the message – In Use. In this case, you are not allowed to modify or remove the LAN group.
You have to delete or pause the Group in Policy window, and then you are allowed to configure the LAN
Group.
Adding a LAN Group
Step 1. In the LAN Group window, click the New Entry button to enter the Add New Address Group
window.
Step 2. In the Add New Address Group window:
„
Available address: list the names of all the members of the LAN network.
„
Selected address: list the names to be assigned to the new group.
„
Name: enter the name of the new group in the open field.
Step 3. Add members: Select names to be added in Available address list, and click the Add>> button
to add them to the Selected address list.
Step 4. Remove members: Select names to be removed in the Selected Address list, and click the
<<Remove button to remove these members from Selected Address list.
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Step 5. Click OK to add the new group or click Cancel to discard changes.
Modifying a LAN Group
Step 1. In the LAN Group window, locate the network group desired to be modified and click its
corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2. A window displaying the information of the selected group appears:
„
Available address: list names of all members of the LAN network.
„
Selected address: list names of members which have been assigned to this group.
Step 3. Add members: Select names in Available address list, and click the Add>> button to add
them to the Selected address list.
Step 4. Remove members: Select names in the Selected address list, and click the <<Remove button
to remove these members from the Selected address list.
Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing a LAN Group
Step 1. In the LAN Group window, locate the group to be removed and click its corresponding Remove
option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the group or click Cancel to
discard changes.
3.3.1.3 WAN
Entering the WAN window
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Step 1. Click WAN under the Address menu to enter the WAN
window. The current setting
information, such as the name of the WAN network, IP and Netmask addresses will show on the
screen.
ÍÍ
Definitions
Name: Name of WAN network address.
IP/Netmask: IP address/Netmask of WAN network.
Configure: Configure the settings of WAN network. Click Modify to change the settings of WAN network.
Click Remove to delete the setting of WAN network.
NOTE: In the WAN window, if one of the members has been added to Policy or WAN Group, the Configure
column will show the message – In Use. In this case you are not allowed to modify or remove the settings.
Adding a new WAN Address
Step 1. In the WAN window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add New Address window, enter the settings for a new WAN network address.
Step 3. Click OK to add the specified WAN network or click Cancel to discard changes.
Modifying an WAN Address
Step 1. In the WAN table, locate the name of the network to be modified and click the Modify option in
its corresponding Configure field.
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Step 2. The Modify Address window will appear on the screen immediately. In the Modify Address
window, fill in new address.
Step 3. Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
Removing an WAN Address
Step 1. In the WAN table, locate the name of the network to be removed and click the Remove option in
its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the address or click Cancel to
discard changes.
3.3.1.4 WAN Group
Entering the WAN Group window
Step 1. Click the WAN Group under the Address menu bar to enter the WAN window. The current
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settings for the WAN network group(s) will appear on the screen.
ÍÍ
Definitions:
Name: Name of the WAN group.
Member: Members of the group.
Configure: Configure the settings of WAN group. Click Modify to change the parameters of WAN group.
Click Remove to delete the selected group.
NOTE: In the WAN Group window, if one of the members has been added to the Policy, “In Use” message
will appear in the Configure column. You are not allowed to modify or remove the settings. Go to the Policy
window to remove the setting, and then you can configure.
Adding an WAN Group
Step 1. In the WAN Group window, click the New Entry button and the Add New Address Group
window will appear.
Step 2. In the Add New Address Group window the following fields will appear:
„
Name: enter the name of the new group.
„
Available address: List the names of all the members of the WAN network.
„
Selected address: List the names to assign to the new group.
„
Add members: Select the names to be added in the Available address list, and click the
Add>> button to add them to the Selected address list.
„
Remove members: Select the names to be removed in the Selected address list, and click
the <<Remove button to remove them from the Selected address list.
Step 3. Click OK to add the new group or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Modifying a WAN Group
Step 1. In the WAN Group window, locate the network group to be modified and click its corresponding
Modify button in the Configure field.
Step 2. A window displaying the information of the selected group appears:
„
Available address: list the names of all the members of the WAN network.
„
Selected address: list the names of the members that have been assigned to this group.
Step 3. Add members: Select the names to be added in the Available address list, and click the
Add>> button to add them to the Selected address list.
Step 4. Remove members: Select the names to be removed in the Selected address list, and click the
<<Remove button to remove them from the Selected address list.
Step 5. Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing a WAN Group
Step 1. In the WAN Group window, locate the group to be removed and click its corresponding Modify
option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the group or click Cancel to discard
changes.
3.3.1.5 DMZ
Entering the DMZ window:
Click DMZ under the Address menu to enter the DMZ window. The current setting information such as the
name of the LAN network, IP, and Netmask addresses will show on the screen.
Adding a new DMZ Address:
Step 1.
In the DMZ window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2.
In the Add New Address window, enter the settings for a new DMZ address.
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Step 3.
Click OK to add the specified DMZ or click Cancel to discard changes.
Modifying a DMZ Address:
Step 1.
In the DMZ window, locate the name of the network to be modified and click the Modify option in
its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Modify Address window, fill in new addresses.
Step 3.
Click OK on save the changes or click Cancel to discard changes.
Removing a DMZ Address:
Step 1.
In the DMZ window, locate the name of the network to be removed and click the Remove option in
its corresponding Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the address or click Cancel to discard
changes.
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3.3.1.6 DMZ Group
Entering the DMZ Group window
Click DMZ Group under the Address menu to enter the DMZ window. The current settings information for the
DMZ group appears on the screen.
Adding a DMZ Group:
Step 1.
In the DMZ Group window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2.
In the Add New Address Group window:
„
Available address: list names of all members of the DMZ.
„
Selected address: list names to assign to a new group.
Step 3.
Name: enter a name for the new group.
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Step 4.
Add members: Select the names to be added from the Available address list, and click the
Add>> button to add them to the Selected address list.
Step 5.
Remove members: Select names to be removed from the Selected address list, and click the
<<Remove button to remove them from the Selected address list.
Step 6.
Click OK to add the new group or click Cancel to discard changes.
Modifying a DMZ Group:
Step 1.
In the DMZ Group window, locate the DMZ group to be modified and click its corresponding
Modify button in the Configure field.
Step 2.
A window displaying information about the selected group appears:
„
Available address: list the names of all the members of the DMZ.
„
Selected address: list the names of the members that have been assigned to this group.
Step 3.
Add members: Select names to be added from the Available Address list, and click the Add>>
button to add them to the Selected address list.
Step 4.
Remove members: Select names to be removed from the Selected address list, and click the
<<Remove button to remove them from Selected address list.
Step 5. Click OK to save changes or click Cancel to cancel editing.
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Removing a DMZ Group:
Step 1.
In the DMZ Group window, locate the group to be removed and click its corresponding Remove
option in the Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the group.
3.3.2 Service
In this section, network services are defined and new network services can be added. There are three sub
menus under Service which are: Pre-defined, Custom, and Group. The Administrator can simply follow the
instructions below to define the protocols and port numbers for network communication applications. Users
then can connect to servers and other computers through these available network services.
What is Service?
TCP and UDP protocols support varieties of services, and each service consists of a TCP Port or UDP port
number, such as TELNET(23), SMTP(21), POP3(110),etc. The Multi-Homing Security Gateway defines two
services: pre-defined service and custom service. The common-use services like TCP and UDP are defined in
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the pre-defined service and cannot be modified or removed. In the custom menu, users can define other TCP
port and UDP port numbers that are not in the pre-defined menu according to their needs. When defining
custom services, the client port ranges from 1024 to 65535 and the server port ranges from 0 to 1023.
How do I use Service?
The Administrator can add new service group names in the Group option under Service menu, and assign
desired services into that new group. Using service group the Administrator can simplify the processes of
setting up control policies. For example, there are 10 different computers that want to access 5 different
services on a server, such as HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP3, and TELNET. Without the help of service groups, the
Administrator needs to set up 50 (10x5) control policies, but by applying all 5 services to a single group name
in the service field, it takes only one control policy to achieve the same effect as the 50 control policies.
3.3.2.1 Pre-defined
Entering a Pre-defined window
Step 1. Click Pre-defined under it. A window will appear with a list of services and their associated IP
addresses. This list cannot be modified.
ÍÍ
Icons and Descriptions
Figur Description
TCP services, e.g. AFPoverTCP, AOL, BGP, FINGER, FTP, GOPHER, HTTP,
HTTPS, IMAP, InterLocator, IRC, L2TP, LDAP, NetMeeting, NNTP, POP3,
PPTP, Real-Media, RLOGIN, SMTP, SSH, TCP-ANY, TELNET, VDO-Live,
WAIS, WINFRAME, X-Windows, MSN, etc.
UDP services, e.g. DNS, IKE, NFS, NTP, PC-Anywhere, RIP, SNMP,
SYSLOG, TALK, TFTP, UDP-ANY, UUCP, etc.
ICMP services, i.g. PING, Traceroute, etc.
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3.3.2.2 Custom
Entering the Custom window
Step 1. Click Custom under it. A window will appear with a table showing all services currently defined
by the Administrator.
ÍÍ
Definitions:
Service name: The defined service name.
Protocol: Network protocol used in the basic setting. Such as TCP、UDP or others.
Client port: The range of Client port in defined service. If the number of ports entered in the two fields of
Client port is different, it means that the port numbers between these two numbers are opened. If the number
of ports entered in the two fields of Client port is identical, it means that the entered port number is opened.
Service port: The range of Service port in defined service.
If the number of ports entered in the two fields of Service port is different, it means that the port numbers
between these two numbers are opened. If the number of ports entered in the two fields of Service port is
identical, it means that the entered port number is opened.
Configure: Configure the settings in Service table. Click Modify to change the parameters in Service table.
Click Remove to delete the selected setting.
NOTE: In the Custom window, if one of the services has been added to Policy or Group, ”In Use” message
will appear in the Configure column. In this case you are not allowed to modify or remove the settings. Go to
the Policy or Group window to delete the setting, and then you can configure the settings.
Adding a new Service
In the Custom window, click the New Entry button and a new service table appears.
In the new service table:
„
New Service Name: This will be the name referencing the new service.
„
Protocol: Enter the network protocol type to be used, such as TCP, UDP, or Other (please
enter the number for the protocol type).
„
Client Port: enter the range of port number of new clients.
„
Server Port: enter the range of port number of new servers.
The client port and server port ranges are from 0 to 65535.
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Step 1. Click New Entry to add new services.
Step 2. Click OK to accept editing, or click Cancel.
Modifying Custom Services
Step 1. A table showing the current settings of the selected service appears on the screen
Step 2. Enter the new values.
Step 3. Click OK to accept editing; or click Cancel.
Removing Custom Services
Step 1. Click its corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the selected service or click
Cancel to cancel action.
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3.3.2.3 Group
Accessing the Group window
Step 1. Click Group under it. A window will appear with a table displaying current service group settings
set by the Administrator.
ÍÍ
Definitions:
Group name: The Group name of the defined Service.
Service: The Service item of the Group.
Configure: Configure the settings of Group. Click Modify to change the parameters of the Group. Click
Remove to delete the Group.
NOTE: In the Group window, if one of the Service Groups has been added to Policy. “In Use” message will
appear in the Configure column. You are not allowed to modify or remove the settings. Go to the Policy
window, remove the Service group first, and then you are allowed to configure the setting.
Adding Service Groups
Step 1. In the Group window, click the New Entry button.
Step 2. In the Add Service Group window, the following fields will appear:
„ Available service: list all the available services.
„ Selected service: list services to be assigned to the new group.
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Step 3. Enter the new group name in the group Name field. This will be the name referencing the
created group.
Step 4. To add new services: Select the services desired to be added in the Available service list and
then click the Add>> button to add them to the group.
Step 5. To remove services: Select services desired to be removed in the Available service, and then
click the <<Remove button to remove them from the group.
Step 6. Click OK to add the new group.
Modifying Service Groups
Step 1. In the Mod (modify) group window the following fields are displayed:
„
Available service: lists all the available services.
„
Selected service: list services that have been assigned to the selected group.
Step 2. Add new services: Select services in the Available service list, and then click the Add>>
button to add them to the group.
Step 3. Remove services: Select services to be removed in the Selected service list, and then click
the <<Remove button to remove theses services from the group.
Step 4. Click OK to save editing changes.
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Removing Service Groups
In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the selected service group or click Cancel to
cancel removing.
3.3.3 Schedule
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway allows the Administrator to configure a schedule for policies to take affect.
By creating a schedule, the Administrator is allowing the Multi-Homing Security Gateway policies to be used
at those designated times only. Any activities outside of the scheduled time slot will not follow the
Multi-Homing Security Gateway policies therefore will likely not be permitted to pass through the Multi-Homing
Security Gateway. The Administrator can configure the start time and stop time, as well as creating 2 different
time periods in a day. For example, an organization may only want the Multi-Homing Security Gateway to
allow the LAN network users to access the Internet during work hours. Therefore, the Administrator may
create a schedule to allow the Multi-Homing Security Gateway to work Monday-Friday, 8AM - 5PM only.
During the non-work hours, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway will not allow Internet access.
Accessing the Schedule window
Step 1. Click on Setting on the Schedule menu bar and the schedule window will appear displaying the
active schedules.
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The following items are displayed in this window:
Name: the name assigned to the schedule
Configure: modify or remove
Adding a new Schedule
Step 1. Click on the New Entry button and the Add New Schedule window will appear.
„
Schedule Name: Fill in a name for the new schedule.
„
Period: Configure the start and stop time for the days of the week that the schedule will be
active.
Step 2. Click OK to save the new schedule or click Cancel to cancel adding the new schedule.
NOTE: In setting a Schedule, the value in Start time must be less than the value in Stop Time, or you cannot
add or configure the setting.
Modifying a Schedule
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Step 1. In the Schedule window, find the policy to be modified and click the corresponding Modify option
in the Configure field. Make needed changes.
Step 2. Click OK to save changes.
Removing a Schedule
Step 1. In the Schedule window, find the policy to be removed and click the corresponding Remove
option in the Configure field.
Step 2. A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click on OK to remove the schedule.
3.3.4 QoS
By configuring the QoS, you can control the outbound Upstream/downstream Bandwidth.
Before to configure QoS setting, the WAN port downstream and upstream bandwidth setting must be
configured first, or the QoS setting will not be available to be configured.
Configuration of QoS
Click QoS in the menu bar on the left hand side.
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ÍÍ
Definitions:
Name: The name of the QoS you want to configure.
WAN: Display WAN interface.
Downstream Bandwidth: To configure the Guaranteed Bandwidth and Maximum Bandwidth.
Upstream Bandwidth: To configure the Guaranteed Bandwidth and Maximum Bandwidth.
Priority: To configure the priority of distributing Upstream/Downstream and unused bandwidth.
Add New QoS
Step 1. Click QoS in the menu bar on the left hand side.
Step 2. Click the New Entry button to add new QoS.
Definition
Name: The name of the QoS you want to configure.
Downstream Bandwidth: To configure the Guarateed Bandwidth and Maximum Bandwidth.
Upstream Bandwidth: To configure the Guarateed Bandwidth and Maximum Bandwidth.
QoS Priority: To configure the priority of distrubuting Upstream/Downstream and unused bandwidth.
Click the OK button to add new QoS.
Modify QoS
Step 1. In the QoS window, find the QoS you want to modify, and click Modify in the Configure column.
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Step 2. Click the OK button to modify QoS
Delete QoS
Step 1. In the QoS window, find the QoS you want to change, and click Delete in the Configure
column.
Step 2. In the Delete QoS window, click OK to delete the QoS or click Cancel to discard the change.
Example about how to configure QoS correctly
Step 1. Select and configure the correct connection type, including downstream/upstream bandwidth.
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Step 2. Configure the LAN host or WAN host IP address that need to filter with QoS feature. Be aware
that the Netmask must set to 255.255.255.255 if you only want to configure a single IP address.
Step 3. Set up the QoS rule.
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Step 4. Enable the QoS rule in Outgoing or Incoming Policy.
3.3.5 Authentication
By configuring the Authentication, you can control the user’s access right time of LAN to WAN. The
administrator can configure the authentication according to the authentication account and password.
CS-1000 configures the authentication of LAN user by setting account and password to identify the privilege.
3.3.5.1 Auth Setting
The administrator can specify the port number and authentication time of authentication management system
for LAN user to access WAN network.
Configuration of Authentication
Click Authentication in the menu bar on the left hand side and click Auth Setting.
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Authentication Port: The port number used for user login page.
Generally, when user wants to access WAN network and the authentication (Policy -> Outgoing) is enabled,
the user only need to open a web page and the User Login page will pop up.
But if user does not need to open the web page and also want to access Internet resource such as FTP, then
the user has to send http request with this port number, and CS-1000 will send a User Login page for user to
input user name and password.
For example, if the gateway IP address is 192.168.1.1 and authentication port is 82, user have to open a web
browser and input http://192.168.1.1:82 on the address file to have the user login page.
Re-Login if Idle: When the LAN users access to WAN network and stop to access Internet for a while, the
connection will be time-out. User has to re-login again. The default time is 30 minutes.
Re-Login after user login successfully: You can limit the access time for the LAN user, when time is up
LAN user will need to re-login again. If the time setting sets to 0, that means unlimited. Select Disallow
Re-login if the auth user has login will disable this feature.
URL to redirect when authentication succeed: You can set up the default webpage, the function will force
user to access the default webpage first when user passes the authentication.
Messages to display when user login: You can specify a message to display at user’s login page.
3.3.5.2 Auth User
Click Authentication in the menu bar on the left hand side and click Auth User.
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Definitions:
Name:The name of the Authentication you want to configure.
Configure: Modify settings or remove users.
Adding a new Auth User
Step 1.
In the Authentication window, click the New Entry button to create a new Auth User.
Step 2. In the Auth-User window:
„ Auth-User Name: enter the username of new Authentication.
„ Password: enter a password for the new Authentication.
„ Confirm Password: enter the password again.
Step 3. Click OK to add the user or click Cancel to cancel the addition.
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Step 4. Create an Outgoing Policy rule to allow DNS protocol pass through first, then to create another
Outgoing Policy rule to enable Authentication-User Function.
Step 5. Before user can access Internet, the User Login Page will pop up as following, then to input the user
name and password.
User Login Page Definitions:
„
User Name: The name of the Authentication you want to configure.
„
Password: The input carries on the authentication the password
Modifying the Authentication User
Step 1.
In the Authentication window, locate the Auth-User name you want to edit, and click on Modify
in the Configure field.
Step 2.
The Modify Auth-User Password window will appear. Enter in the required information:
„ Auth-User: show original authentication user.
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„ Password: show original password.
„ New Password: enter new password
„ Confirm Password: enter the new password again.
Step 3.
Click OK to confirm authentication user change or click Cancel to cancel it.
Removing a Authentication User
Step 1. In the Authentication table, locate the Auth-User name you want to edit, and click on the Remove
option in the Configure field.
Step 2. The Remove confirmation pop-up box will appear.
Step 3. Click OK to remove that Authentication User or click Cancel to cancel.
3.3.5.3 Auth Group
Accessing the Auth Group window
Click Authentication in the menu bar on the left hand side of the window, then to click Auth Group under it.
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A window will appear with a table displaying current Auth Group settings.
Adding Auth Group
Step 1. In the Auth Group window, click the New Entry button.
In the Auth Group window, the following fields will appear:
„
Name: Enter the new Auth Group name.
„
Available auth user: List all the available Auth User.
„
Selected auth user: List Auth User to be assigned to the new group.
Step 2. Enter the new group name in the group Name field. This will be the name referencing the created
group.
Step 3.
To add new Auth User: Select the Auth User desired to be added in the Available auth user list,
and then click the Add>> button to add them to the group.
Step 4.
To remove Auth User: Select Auth User desired to be removed in the Available auth user list, and
then click the <<Remove button to remove them from the group.
Step 5. Click OK to add the new group.
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Modifying Auth Group
Step 1. In the Auth Group window, locate the Auth Group to be edited. Click its corresponding Modify
option in the Configure field.
In the Modify Auth group window the following fields are displayed::
Step 2.
Step 3.
„
Name: Enter the new Auth Group name .
„
Available auth user: List all the available Auth User.
„
Selected auth user: List Auth User to be assigned to the new group.
To add new Auth User: Select the Auth User desired to be added to the Available auth user list,
and then click the Add>> button to add them to the group.
Step 4.
To remove Auth User: Select Auth User desired to be removed from the Available auth user list,
and then click the <<Remove button to remove them from the group.
Step 5.
Click OK to modify the Group.
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Removing Auth Group
Step 1. In the Auth Group window, locate the Auth Group to be removed and click its corresponding
Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the selected service group or click
Cancel to cancel removing.
3.3.5.4 Radius Serve
Click Authentication on the left side menu bar, then click Radius Server below it. The following window is
shown.
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Definition
„
Enable RADIUS Server: Enable RADIUS Server Authentication.
„
RADIUS Server IP: Enter RADIUS Server IP address.
„
RADIUS Server Port: Enter RADIUS Server Port. The default port is 1812.
„
Shared Secret: The Password for CS-1000 to access RADIUS Server.
„
Enable 802.1x RADIUS Server Authentication: Enable 802.1x RADIUS Server
Authentication.
3.3.5.5 POP3
Click Authentication on the left side menu bar, then click POP3 below it. The following window is shown.
Definition
„
Enable POP3 Server: Enable POP3 Server Authentication.
„
POP3 Server : Enter POP3 Server IP address or domain name.
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„
POP3 Server Port: Enter POP3 Server Port. The default port is 110.
„
3.3.6 Content Blocking
Content Blocking includes “URL”, “Scripts”, “P2P”, “IM”, “Download” and “Upload”.
URL: The administrator can use a complete domain name or key word to make rules for specific websites.
Scripts : To let Popup、ActiveX、Java、Cookie in or keep them out.
P2P : Block P2P program, include “eDonkey”, “Bit Torrent“ and “WinMX”.
IM : Block Internet Message program, include “MSN”, “Yahoo Messenger”, “ICQ”, “QQ” and “Skype”.
Download : Block download connection, audio and video transferring from web page. You can select to block
which type of extension name or all type of the file.
Upload : Block upload connection, audio and video transferring from web page. You can select to block which
type of extension name or all type of the file.
3.3.6.1 URL Blocking
The Administrator may setup URL Blocking to prevent LAN network users from accessing a specific website
on the Internet. Any web request coming from LAN network computer to a blocked website will receive a
blocked message instead of the website.
Entering the URL blocking window
Step 1. Click on URL under the Content Blocking menu bar.
Step 2. Click on New Entry.
ÍÍ
Definition:
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URL String: The domain name that is blocked to enter by Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
Configure: To change the settings of URL Blocking, click Modify to change the parameters; click Delete to
delete the settings.
Adding a URL policy
Step 1. After clicking New Entry, the Add New URL String window will appear.
Step 2. Enter the URL of the website to be blocked.
Step 3. Click OK to add the policy. Click Cancel to discard changes.
Step 4. Configure Outgoing Policy rule to enable Content Blocking Function.
When the system detects the setting, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway will spontaneously work.
Modifying a URL String Policy
Step 1. In the URL window, find the policy to be modified and click the corresponding Modify option in
the Configure field.
Step 2. Make the necessary changes needed.
Step 3. Click on OK to save changes or click on Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing a URL String policy
Step 1. In the URL window, find the policy to be removed and click the corresponding Remove option in
the Configure field.
Step 2. A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click on OK to remove the policy or click on Cancel to
discard changes.
3.3.6.2 Scripts
To let Popup, ActiveX, Java, or Cookies in or keep them out.
Step 1: Click Scripts below Content Blocking menu.
Step 2: Select Scripts detective functions:
Popup Blocking: Prevent pop-up boxes from appearing.
ActiveX Blocking: Prevent ActiveX packets.
Java Blocking: Prevent Java packets.
Cookie Blocking: Prevent Cookie packets.
Step 3: After selecting each function, click the OK button below.
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ÍÍ
Step 4: Configure Outgoing Policy rule to enable Content Blocking Function.
When the system detects the setting, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway will spontaneously work.
3.3.6.3 P2P
Step 1: Click P2P below Content Blocking menu.
Step 2: Select P2P detective functions:
eDonkey Blocking: Prevent eDonkey connection built up.
Bit Torrent Blocking: Prevent Bit Torrent connection built up.
WinMX Blocking: Prevent WinMX connection built up.
Step 3: After selecting each function, click the OK button below.
ÍÍ
Step 4: Configure Outgoing Policy rule to enable Content Blocking Function.
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CS-1000 provides a feature that will auto detect the P2P program version. When it detects a new version P2P
program in the LAN site, CS-1000 will connect to Internet and download the pattern to update the P2P
Blocking function, and to keep the function working well to block new version P2P program. The current
pattern version will display at the top side.
3.3.6.4 IM
Step 1: Click IM below Content Blocking menu.
Step 2: Select IM detective functions:
MSN Messenger Blocking: Select to block MSN Messenger.
Yahoo Messenger Blocking: Select to block Yahoo Messenger.
ICQ Blocking: Select to block ICQ.
QQ Blocking: Select to block QQ.
Skype Messenger Blocking: Select to block Skype.
Step 3: After selecting each function, click the OK button below.
ÍÍ
Step 4: Configure Outgoing Policy rule to enable Content Blocking Function.
CS-1000 provides a feature that will auto detect the IM program version. When it detects a new version IM
program in the LAN site, CS-1000 will connect to Internet and download the pattern to update the IM Blocking
function, and to keep the function working well to block new version IM program. The current pattern version
will display at the top side.
3.3.6.5 Download
Step 1: Click Download below Content Blocking menu.
Step 2: Select Download detective functions:
All Types Block: To block all types of the files downloading from web page.
Audio and Video Types block: To block audio and video downloading from web page.
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Extensions Block: To block specific extensions name of the files from web page.
Step 3: After selecting each function, click the OK button below.
ÍÍ
Step 4: Configure Outgoing Policy rule to enable Content Blocking Function.
3.3.6.6 Upload
Step 1: Click Upload below Content Blocking menu.
Step 2: Select Upload detective functions:
All Types Block: To block all types of the files downloading from web page.
Extensions Block: To block specific extensions name of the files from web page.
Step 3: After selecting each function, click the OK button below.
ÍÍ
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Step 4: Configure Outgoing Policy rule to enable Content Blocking Function.
3.3.7 Virtual Server
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway separates an enterprise’s Intranet and Internet into LAN networks and
WAN networks respectively. Generally, in order to allocate enough IP addresses for all computers, an
enterprise assigns each computer a private IP address, and converts it into a real IP address through
Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s NAT (Network Address Translation) function. If a server providing service to
the WAN networks is located in the LAN networks, outside users can’t directly connect to the server by using
the server’s private IP address.
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s Virtual Server can solve this problem. A virtual server has set the real
IP address of the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s WAN network interface to be the Virtual Server IP.
Through the virtual server feature, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway translates the virtual server’s IP
address into the private IP address of physical server in the LAN network. When outside users on the Internet
request connections to the virtual server, the request will be forwarded to the private LAN server.
Virtual Server owns another feature known as one-to-many mapping. This is when one virtual server IP
address on the WAN interface can be mapped into 4 LAN network server private IP addresses. This option is
useful for Load Balancing, which causes the virtual server to distribute data packets to each private IP
addresses (which are the real servers). By sending all data packets to all similar servers, this increases the
server’s efficiency, reduces risks of server crashes, and enhances servers’ stability.
How to use Virtual Server and mapped IP
Virtual Server and Mapped IP are part of the IP mapping (also called DMZ, De-Militarization Zone) scheme.
By applying the incoming policies, Virtual Server and IP mapping work similarly. They map real IP addresses
to the physical servers’ private IP addresses (which are opposite to NAT), but there are still some differences:
„
Virtual Server can map one real IP to several LAN physical servers while Mapped IP can
only map one real IP to one LAN physical server (1-to-1 Mapping). The Virtual Servers’ load
balance feature can map a specific service request to different physical servers running the
same services.
„
Virtual Server can only map one real IP to one service/port of the LAN physical servers
while Mapped IP maps one real IP to all the services offered by the physical server.
„
IP mapping and Virtual Server work by binding the IP address of the WAN virtual server to
the private LAN IP address of the physical server that supports the services. Therefore
users from the WAN network can access servers of the LAN network by requesting the
service from the IP address provided by Virtual Server.
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3.3.7.1 Mapped IP
Internal private IP addresses are translated through NAT (Network Address Translation). If a server is located
in the LAN network, it has a private IP address, and outside users cannot connect directly to LAN servers’
private IP address. To connect to a LAN network server, outside users have to first connect to a real IP
address of the WAN network, and the real IP is translated to a private IP of the LAN network. Mapped IP and
Virtual Server are the two methods to translate the real IP into private IP. Mapped IP maps IP in one-to-one
fashion; that means, all services of one real WAN IP address is mapped to one private LAN IP address.
Entering the Mapped IP window
Step 1. Click Mapped IP under the Virtual Server menu bar and the Mapped IP configuration window
will appear.
ÍÍ
Definition:
WAN IP: WAN IP Address.
Map to Virtual IP: The IP address which WAN maps to the virtual network in the server.
Configure: To change the setting, click Configure to modify the parameters; click delete to delete the setting.
Adding a new IP Mapping
Step 1. In the Mapped IP window, click the New Entry button. The Add New Mapped IP window will
appear.
„
WAN IP: select the WAN public IP address to be mapped.
„
Map to Virtual IP: enter the LAN private IP address will be mapped 1-to-1 to the WAN IP
address.
Step 2. Click OK to add new IP Mapping or click Cancel to cancel adding.
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Modifying a Mapped IP
Step 1. In the Mapped IP table, locate the Mapped IP you want to be modified and click its
corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2. Enter settings in the Modify Mapped IP window.
Step 3. Click OK to save change or click Cancel to cancel.
NOTE: A Mapped IP cannot be modified if it has been assigned/used as a destination address of any
Incoming policies.
Removing a Mapped IP
Step 1. In the Mapped IP table, locate the Mapped IP desired to be removed and click its corresponding
Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up window, click OK to remove the Mapped IP or click Cancel
to cancel.
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3.3.7.2 Virtual Server
Virtual server is a one-to-many mapping technique, which maps a real IP address from the WAN interface to
private IP addresses of the LAN network. This function provides services or applications defined in the
Service menu to enter into the LAN network. Unlike a mapped IP which binds a WAN IP to a LAN IP, virtual
server binds WAN IP ports to LAN IP ports.
ÍÍ
Definition:
Virtual Server Real IP: The WAN IP address configured by the virtual server. Click “Click here to configure”
button to add a real IP address.
Service: The service name that provided by the virtual server.
WAN Port: The TCP/UDP ports that present the service items provided by the virtual server.
Server Virtual IP: The virtual IP which mapped by the virtual server.
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Configure: To change the service configuration, click Configure to change the parameters; click Delete to
delete the configuration.
This virtual server provides four real IP addresses, which means you can setup four virtual servers at most.
The administrator can select Virtual Server1/2/3/4 under Virtual Server selection in the menu bar on the left
hand side, click Server Virtual IP to add or change the virtual server IP address; click “Click here to
configure” to add or change the virtual server service configuration.
Configuring a Real IP for a Virtual Server
Step 1. Click an available virtual server from Server 1/2/3/4 in the Virtual Server menu bar to enter the
virtual server configuration window.
Step 2. Click the click here to configure button and the Add new Virtual Server IP window appears and
asks for an IP address from the WAN network.
Step 3. Select an IP address from the drop-down list of available WAN network IP addresses.
Step 4. Click OK to add new Virtual Server or click Cancel to cancel adding.
Modifying a Virtual Server IP Address
Step 1. Click the Server 1/2/3/4 to modify the configuration under the Virtual Server menu bar. A new
window appears displaying the IP address and service of the specified virtual server.
Step 2. Click on the Virtual Server’s IP Address button at the top of the screen.
Step 3. Choose a new IP address from the drop-down list.
Step 4. Click OK to save new IP address or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Removing a Virtual Server
Step 1. Click the virtual server to be removed in the corresponding Virtual Server option under the
Virtual Server menu bar. A new window displaying the virtual server’s IP address and service
appears on the screen.
Step 2. Click the Virtual Server’s IP Address button at the top of the screen.
Step 3. Delete the IP address.
Step 4. Click OK to remove the virtual server.
Adding New Virtual Server Service Configuration
Step 1. Select Virtual Server in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select Server 1/2/3/4
sub-selections.
Step 2. In Server 1/2/3/4 Window, click “New Entry” button.
Step 3. Enter the parameters in the Virtual Server Configuration column.
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„
Virtual Server Real IP: displays the WAN IP address assigned to the Virtual Server
„
Service (Port): select the service from the pull down list that will be provided by the Real
Server (Load Balance Server).
„
External Service Port: Input the port number that the virtual server will use. Changing the
Service will change the port number to match the service.
„
Load Balance Server: The internal server IP address mapped by the virtual server. Four
computer IP addresses can be set at most, and the load can be maintained in a balance by
round robin algorithm.
Click OK to execute adding new virtual server service, or click Cancel to discard adding.
NOTE:
1. Remember to configure the service items of virtual server before you configure Policy, or the service
names will not be shown in Policy.
2. The services in the drop-down list are all defined in the Pre-defined and Custom section of the Service
menu.
Modifying the Virtual Server configurations
Step 1. In the Virtual Server window’s service table, locate the name of the service desired to be
modified and click its corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Virtual Server Configuration window, enter the new settings.
Step 3. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to discard changes.
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Click OK to execute the change of the virtual server, or click Cancel to discard changes.
NOTE: If the destination Network in Policy has set a virtual server, it will not be able to change or configure
this virtual server, you have to remove this configuration of Policy, and then you can execute the modification
or configuration.
Removing the Virtual Server service
Step 1. In the Virtual Server window’s service table, locate the name of the service desired to be
removed and click its corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2. In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the service or click Cancel to
cancel removing.
NOTE: If the destination Network in Policy has set a virtual server, it will not be able to change or configure
this virtual server unless you have already removed this configuration of Policy.
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3.3.8 VPN
The CS-1000 adopts VPN to set up safe and private network service, and combine the remote Authentication
system in order to integrate the remote network and PC of the enterprise. It also provides the remote users a
safe encryption way to have best efficiency and encryption when delivering data. CS-1000 provides two kinds
of VPN service and the PPTP client.
IPSec Autokey: The system manager can create a VPN connection using Autokey IKE. Autokey IKE
(Internet Key Exchange) provides a standard method to negotiate keys between two security gateways. It
also can set up IPSec Lifetime and Preshared Key of the CS-1000.
PPTP Server: The System Manager can set up VPN-PPTP Server functions at CS-1000 in this chapter.
PPTP Client: The System Manager can set up VPN-PPTP Client functions at CS-1000 in this chapter.
Trunk: To define local and remote VPN device with related information, it also can be configured to enable
VPN Trunk function. Trunk entry must be selected in Policy to submit the further function to the VPN traffic.
What is New?
CS-1000 isolates the Trunk setting in order to allow Policy rule controlling VPN traffic. So user can filter the
VPN packets with QoS, IDP rule, and record the connection in Traffic Log or Statistic. Hence, to set up a
Virtual Private Network (VPN), you need to configure CS-1000 with following setting:
1. Configure IPSec Autokey for the encryption and authentication or PPTP Server/Client setting.
2. Configure Trunk for the information of local and remote VPN device.
3. Configure Policy rule to combine VPN traffic with QoS, IDP and the other function.
3.3.8.1 IPSec Autokey
This chapter describes steps to create a VPN connection using Autokey IKE. Autokey IKE (Internet Key
Exchange) provides a standard method to negotiate keys between two security gateways. For example, with
two Multi-Homing Security Gateway devices, IKE allows new keys to be generated after a set amount of time
has passed or a certain threshold of traffic has been exchanged.
Accessing the Autokey IKE window
Click IPSec Autokey under the VPN menu to enter the IPSec Autokey window. The IPSec Autokey table
displays current configured VPNs.
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The fields in the IPSec Autokey window are:
„ Name: The VPN name to identify the VPN tunnel definition. The name must be different with Trunk name
and the other IPSec rule name.
„ WAN: The specific WAN port to be configured as VPN tunnel.
„ Gateway IP: The other side WAN interface IP address of VPN Gateway.
„ IPSec Algorithm: The display the Algorithm way.
„ Configure: Modify and Delete.
Adding the Autokey IKE
Step 1: Click the New Entry button and the IPSec Autokey window will appear. It divides into two parts of the
setting, Necessary Item and Optional Item.
Step 2: Configure Necessary Item paremeters.
Name: Specify a name for the VPN rule.
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WAN interface: Select WAN 1 or WAN 2 to be the WAN port of VPN connection.
To Destination:
„ Remote Gateway – Fixed IP or Domain Name: Specify the fixed IP address or domain name of the
remote side VPN gateway.
„ Remote Gateway or Client – Dynamic IP: Select Remote Gateway or Client if there is only one user
or device in remote site and dials up to Internet with PPPoE or cable
modem.
Preshared Key: The IKE VPN must be defined with a Preshared Key.
Encapsulation
ISAKMP Algorithm
„ENC Algorithm: ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload) provides security for the payload (data)
sent through the VPN tunnel. Generally, you will want to enable both Encryption and Authentication.
The available encryption algorithms including: 56 bit DES-CBC, 168-bit 3DES-CBC, AES 128-bit,
AES 192-bit or AES 256-bit encryption algorithm. The default algorithm 56 bit DES-CBC.
„AUTH Method: Authentication Method. Selects MD5 (128-bit hash) or SHA-1 (160-bit hash)
authentication algorithm. In general, SHA-1 is more secured than MD5. The default algorithm is MD5.
„ Group: Selects Group 1 (768-bit modulus), Group 2 (1024-bit modulus) or Group 5 (1536-bit
modulus). The larger the modulus, the more secure the generated key is. However, the larger the
modulus, the longer the key generation process takes. Both side of VPN tunnels must agree to
use the same group. The default algorithm is Group 1.
IPSec Algorithm: Select Data Encryption + Authentication or Authentication Only.
Data Encryption + Authentication
„ Encryption Algorithm: Selects 56 bit DES-CBC, 168-bit 3DES-CBC, AES 128-bit, AES 192-bit or
AES 256-bit encryption algorithm. The default algorithm is 56 bit DES-CBC.
„ Authentication Algorithm: Selects MD5 (128-bit hash) or SHA-1 (160-bit hash) authentication
algorithm. In general, SHA-1 is more secured than MD5. The default algorithm is MD5.
Authentication Only: Select this function the IPSec Algorithm will only be anthenticated with preshared
key.
Step 3: Configure Optional Item paremeters if necessary.
„ Perfect Forward Secrecy: Select Group 1, Group 2 or Group 5 to enhances security by changing the
IPsec key at regular intervals, and ensuring that each key has no relationship to the previous key. The
default is NO-PFS.
„ ISAKMP Lifetime: New keys will be generated whenever the lifetime of the old keys is exceeded. The
Administrator may enable this feature if needed and enter the lifetime in seconds to re-key. The default is
3600 seconds (one hours). Selection of small values could lead to frequent re-keying, which could affect
performance.
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„ IPSec Lifetime: New keys will be generated whenever the lifetime of the old keys is exceeded. The
Administrator may enable this feature if needed and enter the lifetime in seconds to re-key. The default is
28800 seconds (eight hours). Selection of small values could lead to frequent re-keying, which could affect
performance.
„ Mode: Select Main mode or Aggressive mode algorithm.
„ My ID/Peer ID: My ID and Peer ID are optional parameters. If we choose to enter My ID/ Peer ID, they
couldn’t be the same. For instance, My ID is 11.11.11.11 and Peer ID is 22.22.22.22. If you want to use
number or text, add @ in the front, for instance, @123A and @abcd123.
„ GRE/IPSec: Select GRE/IPSec (Generic Routing Encapsulation) packet seal technology. You may enter
IP to be identified for both VPN gateways. The GRE/IPsec IP address can not set as the same as
CS-1000’s WAN or LAN IP subnet.
„ Dead Peer Detection Retry □ times Timeout □ Second: CS-1000 will check the VPN tunnel status
according to this configuration, when CS-1000 does not receive the response, it will stops the VPN
connection and keep detecting the VPN status in order to revive the VPN connection. Retry 0 times means
to disable the function.
For the complete VPN setting, you can refer to the example for more detail information.
3.3.8.2 PPTP Server
This function allows the remote client dialup to your local network and access local resources by PPTP (Point
to Point Tunnel Protocol) client software.
Entering the PPTP Server window: Select VPN→PPTP Server.
ÍÍ
„
PPTP Server:Click Modify to select Enable or Disable.
„
Client IP Range: Display the IP addresses range for PPTP Client connection.
„
User Name:Displays the PPTP Client user’s name for authentication.
„
Client IP:Displays the PPTP Client’s IP address for authentication.
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„
Uptime:Displays the connection time between PPTP Server and Client.
„
Configure:Click Modify to modify the PPTP Client settings or click Remove to remove the
item.
Modifying PPTP Server Design
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server.
Step 2. Click Modify after the Client IP Range.
Step 3. In the Modify Server Design Window, enter appropriate settings.
„
Disable PPTP: Check to disable PPTP Server.
„
Enable PPTP: Check to enable PPTP Server.
Encryption: the default is set to disabled.
Client IP Range: Enter the IP range allocated for PPTP Clients when they connect to
the PPTP server.
„
Allow remote client to connect to Internet: Check to allow remote PPTP client accessing
Internet via PPTP tunnel.
„
Auto-Disconnect if idle □ minutes: Configure this device to disconnect to the PPTP
Server when there is no activity for a predetermined period of time. To keep the line always
connected, set the number to 0.
„
Echo-Request
Retry □ times
Timeout □ Second: CS-1000 will check the VPN
tunnel status according to this configuration, when CS-1000 does not receive the response,
it will stops the VPN connection and keep detecting the VPN status in order to revive the
VPN connection. Retry 0 times means to disable the function.
Step 4. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications
Adding PPTP Server
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Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server. Click New Entry.
Step 2. Enter appropriate settings in the following window.
„
User name: Specify the PPTP client. This should be unique.
„
Password: Specify the PPTP client password.
„
Client IP assigned by:
1. IP Range: check to enable auto-allocating IP for PPTP client to connect.
2. Fixed IP: check and enter a fixed IP for PPTP client to connect.
Step 3. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications.
Modifying PPTP Server
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server.
Step 2. In the PPTP Server window, find the PPTP server that you want to modify. Click Configure and
click Modify.
Step 3. Enter appropriate settings.
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Step 4. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications
Removing PPTP Server
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Server.
Step 2. In the PPTP Server window, find the PPTP server that you want to modify. Click Configure and
click Remove.
Step 3. Click OK to remove the PPTP server or click Cancel to exit without removing.
3.3.8.3 PPTP Client
This function allows the Multi-Homing Security Gateway dial-up to remote PPTP server and accesses the
network resources on remote network.
Entering the PPTP Client window
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Client.
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„
User Name:Displays the PPTP Client user’s name for authentication.
„
Server IP or Domain Name:Displays the PPTP Server’s IP address or Domain name.
„
Encryption:Displays the PPTP Client Encryption ON or OFF.
„
Uptime:Displays the connection time between PPTP Server and Client.
„
Configure:Click Modify to modify the PPTP Client settings or click Remove to remove the
item.
Adding a PPTP Client
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Client.
Step 2. Configure the parameters.
„
User name: Specify the PPTP client. This should be unique.
„
Password: Specify the PPTP client password.
„
Server IP or Domain Name: Enter the PPTP Server’s IP address.
„
Encryption: Enable or Disabled the Encryption.
„
WAN interface: Check to select WAN interface to connect PPTP server.
„
NAT (Connect to Windows PPTP Server): Select this function to setup the connection with
PPTP VPN Client of CS-1000 and Windows PPTP Server.
Modifying PPTP Client
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Client.
Step 2. In the PPTP Client window, find the PPTP server that you want to modify and click Modify.
Step 3. Enter appropriate settings.
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Step 4. Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications
Removing PPTP Client
Step 1. Select VPN→PPTP Client.
Step 2. In the PPTP Client window, find the PPTP client that you want to modify and click Remove.
Step 3. Click OK to remove the PPTP client or click Cancel to exit without removal.
3.3.8.4 Trunk
This function allows to be configured the related information for local and remote VPN device, then to select
the Trunk entry in Policy rule for combining the further function.
Entering the Trunk window
Step 1. Select VPN→Trunk.
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Step 2. Configure the parameters
„
Name: Specify the Trunk name. This should be unique and can not be the same as the
name of IPSec Autokey rule.
„
Source Subnet: Specify the source LAN network subnet.
„
Destination Subnet: Specify the destination LAN network subnet.
„
Tunnel: Indicate the Tunnel type for IPSec or PPTP.
„
Configure:Click Modify to modify the Trunk settings, Pause to stop the VPN tunnel, or
Remove to remove the item.
Adding a Trunk
Step 1. Select VPN→Tunnel.
Step 2. Configure the parameters
„
Name: Specify the Trunk name. This should be unique and can not be the same as the
name of IPSec Autokey rule.
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„
From Source: Specify the VPN source to LAN or DMZ site.
„
From Source Subnet / Mask: Specify the source’s LAN network subnet and Mask.
„
To Destination:
-
To Destination Subnet / Mask: Specify the destination LAN network subnet and
Mask.
-
Remote Client: Select Remote Client if there is only one user and dials up to Internet
with PPPoE or cable modem.
„
Tunnel:
-
Add VPN tunnel: Select the VPN tunnel you want to add in Available Tunnel, and
click the Add>> button to add them to the Select Tunnel.
-
Remove VPN tunnel: Select the VPN tunnel you want to remove in Select Tunnel,
and click the Remove>> button to remove them to the Available Tunnel.
„
Keep Alive IP: Specify Remote Gateway’s LAN IP address to keep alive the VPN tunnel
„
Show remote Network Neighborhood: Select to show the remote Network Neighborhood.
Modifying a Trunk
Step 1. Select VPN→Trunk.
Step 2. In the Trunk window, find the Trunk that you want to modify and click Modify.
Step 3. Enter appropriate settings.
Removing Trunk
Step 1. Select VPN→Trunk.
Step 2. In the Trunk window, find the Trunk that you want to remove and click Remove.
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Click OK to remove the Trunk or click Cancel to exit without removal.
Pausing a Trunk
Step 1. Select VPN→Trunk.
Step 2. In the Trunk window, find the Trunk that you want to modify and click Pause.
Step 3. When Trunk setting is paused, you will be able to change the VPN setting without to remove the
Trunk setting first.
There are 5 examples of VPN setting.
Example 1. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Security Gateways.
Example 2. Create a VPN connection between the Multi-Homing Security Gateway and Windows XP
Professional VPN Client.
Example 3. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Security Gateways using Aggressive mode
Algorithm (3DES and MD5), and data encryption for IPSec Algorithm (3DES and MD5)
Example 4. Create a VPN trunk connection between CS-1000 (Company A) and CS-1000 (Company B),
using ISAKMP Algorithm (3DES and MD5), data encryption for IPSec Algorithm (3DES and MD5)
and GRE.
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Example 5. Create a VPN connection between Multi-Homing Security Gateway and PLANET VRT-311 VPN
Router.
Example 1. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Security Gateways.
Preparation Task:
Company A External IP is 61.11.11.11
Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
Company B External IP is 211.22.22.22
Internal IP is 192.168.20.X
To Allow Company A, 192.168.10.100 create a VPN connection with company B, 192.168.20.100 for
downloading the sharing file.
The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s Multi-Homing Security Gateway, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN in the
menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click Add.
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_A in IPSec Autokey window, and select the WAN interface you want to
create the VPN tunnel.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain Name, enter the IP address
desired to be connected.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table enters the Preshared Key.
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For communication via VPN, we
choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm. And select Group 1 to connect.
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Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table, choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose 3DES for ENC
Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose GROUP 1 as the Perfect Forward Secrecy setting, and leave the default setting with 28800
seconds in IPSec Lifetime and 3600 seconds for ISAKMP Lifetime.
Step 8. Select main mode as the algorithm.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the IPSec Aotukey setting of Company A.
Step 10. Click Trunk and press New Entry to configure the further setting.
Step 11. Enter Site_A as the new trunk name, and select LAN interface as the VPN source. Fill LAN IP subnet
192.168.10.0 with subnet mask IP 255.255.255.0.
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Step 12. In To Destination table, fill company B’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.20.0 and 255.255.255.0
respectively.
Step 13. In Tunnel, select VPN_A tunnel Available Tunnel, and click the Add>> button to add it to the Select
Tunnel.
Step 14. Fill company B’s gateway IP 192.168.20.1 in Keep alive IP to keep VPN tunnel connecting.
Step 15. Click OK to finish the Trunk setting of Company A.
Step 16. If you want to configure bi-direction VPN connection, you should enable Trunk setting in Outgoing
and Incoming Policy.
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Outgoing Policy:
Incoming Policy:
The Gateway of Company B is 192.168.20.1. The settings of company B are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company B’s Multi-Homing Security Gateway, 192.168.20.1. Click VPN in the
menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click Add.
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_B in IPSec Autokey window, and select the WAN interface you want to
create the VPN tunnel.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain Name, enter the IP address
desired to be connected.
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Step 4. In Authentication Method Table enters the Preshared Key.
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For communication via VPN, we
choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm. And select Group 1 to connect.
Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table, choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose 3DES for ENC
Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose GROUP 1 as the Perfect Forward Secrecy setting, and leave the default setting with 28800
seconds in IPSec Lifetime and 3600 seconds for ISAKMP Lifetime.
Step 8. Select main mode as the algorithm.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the IPSec Aotukey setting of Company B.
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Step 10. Click Trunk and press New Entry to configure the further setting.
Step 11. Enter Site_B as the new trunk name, and select LAN interface as the VPN source. Fill LAN IP subnet
192.168.20.0 with subnet mask IP 255.255.255.0.
Step 12. In To Destination table, fill company B’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.10.0 and 255.255.255.0
respectively.
Step 13. In Tunnel, select VPN_B tunnel Available Tunnel, and click the Add>> button to add it to the Select
Tunnel.
Step 14. Fill company A’s gateway IP 192.168.10.1 in Keep alive IP to keep VPN tunnel connecting.
Step 15. Click OK to finish the Trunk setting of Company B.
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Step 16. If you want to configure bi-direction VPN connection, you should enable Trunk setting in Outgoing
and Incoming Policy.
Outgoing Policy:
Incoming Policy:
Example 2. Create a VPN connection between the Multi-Homing Security Gateway and Windows XP
Professional VPN Client.
Preparation Task:
Company A External IP is 210.66.155.90, Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
Remote User External IP is 210.66.155.91
Remote user with an external IP wants to create a VPN connection with company A and connect to
192.168.10.100 for downloading the sharing file.
The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Configuration of CS-1000
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s Multi-Homing Security Gateway, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN in the
menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click Add.
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_A in IPSec Autokey window, and select the WAN interface you want to
create the VPN tunnel.
Step 3. In to Destination table, choose Remote Gateway or Client – Dynamic IP.
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Step 4. In Authentication Method Table enters the Preshared Key.
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For communication via VPN, we
choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm. And select Group 2 to connect.
Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table, choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose 3DES for ENC
Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose GROUP 2 as the Perfect Forward Secrecy setting, and leave the default setting with 28800
seconds in IPSec Lifetime and 3600 seconds for ISAKMP Lifetime.
Step 8. Select main mode as the algorithm.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the IPSec Aotukey setting of Company A.
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Step 10. Click Trunk and press New Entry to configure the further setting.
Step 11. Enter Site_A as the new trunk name, and select LAN interface as the VPN source. Fill LAN IP subnet
192.168.10.0 with subnet mask IP 255.255.255.0.
Step 12. In To Destination table, select Remote Client.
Step 13. In Tunnel, select VPN_A tunnel Available Tunnel, and click the Add>> button to add it to the Select
Tunnel.
Step 14. Click OK to finish the Trunk setting of Company A.
Step 15. Enable Trunk setting in Incoming Policy.
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Step 16. Click OK to finish the Policy setting of Company A.
Configuration of WinXP
The IP of remote user is 210.66.155.91. The settings of remote user are as the following.
Step 1. Enter Windows XP, click Start and click Execute function.
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Step 2. In the Execute window, enter the command, mmc in Open.
Step 3. Enter the Console window, click Console(C) option and click Add/Remove Embedded Management
Option.
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Step 4. Enter Add/Remove Embedded Management Option window and click Add. In Add/ Remove
Embedded Management Option window, click Add to add Create IP Security Policy.
Step 5. Choose Local Machine (L) for finishing the setting of Add.
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Step 6. Finish the setting of Add.
Step 7. Click the right button of mouse in IP Security Policies on Local Machine and choose Create IP
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Security Policy(C) option.
Step 8. Click Next.
Step 9. Enter the Name of this VPN and optionally give it a brief description.
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Step 10. Disable Activate the default response rule. And click Next.
Step 11. Completing the IP Security Policy setting and click Finish. Enable Edit properties.
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Step 12. In window, click Add and click Use Add Wizard.
Step 13. Click next.
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Step 14. Enter the WAN IP of Remote user, 210.66.155.91.
Step 15. click all network connections.
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Step 16. Choose Use this string to protect the key exchange (Preshared Key). And enter the key, 123456789.
Step 17. Click Add.
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Step 18. Enter the name of IP filter and click “Add..”.
Step 19. Click next.
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Step 20. In Source address, click down the arrow to select the specific IP Subnet and fill Company A’s IP
Address, 192.168.10.0 and Subnet mask 255.255.255.0.
Step 21. In Destination address, click down the arrow to select the My IP Address.
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Step 22. Click next.
Step 23. Please enable edit properties, and click finish.
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Step 24. Please don’t enable Mirrored, and click OK.
Step 25. Click OK.
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Step 26. Select Traffic-in and click next.
Step 27. Enable User Add Wizard and click add.
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Step 28. Click next.
Step 29. Enter the name of filter action and click next.
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Step 30. Select Negotiate security and click next.
Step 31. Click next.
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Step 32. Select Custom and click settings.
Step 33. Click Data Integrity and Encapsulation and choose MD5 and 3DES. Click Generate a New key after
every 28800 seconds. And click 3 times OK to return.
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Step 34. Click finish.
Step 35. Select security and click next.
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Step 36. Click finish.
Step 37. Click Add.
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Step 38. Click next.
Step 39. Enter the WAN IP of company A, 210.66.155.90.
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Step 40. Select All network connections and click next.
Step 41. Choose Use this string to protect the key exchange (Preshared Key). And enter the key, 123456789.
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Step 42. Click Add.
Step 43. Enter the name of IP filter and click “Add…”.
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Step 44. Click next
Step 45. In Source address, click down the arrow to select the My IP Address.
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Step 46. In Destination address, click down the arrow to select the specific IP Subnet and fill Company A’s IP
Address, 192.168.10.0 and Subnet mask 255.255.255.0.
Step 47. Click next.
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Step 48. Please enable Edit properties and click finish.
Step 49. Please don’t enable Mirrored and click ok.
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Step 50. Click ok.
Step 51. Select Traffic-out and click next.
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Step 52. Select Security and click edit.
Step 53. Enable Session key perfect forward secrecy (PFS) and click ok.
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Step 54. Select Security and click next.
Step 55. Please don’t enable Edit properties and click finish.
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Step 56. Click apply first and then click ok.
Step 57 Click the right button of mouse in IPSec choose Assign option.
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Step 58. Ping the remote gateway of Company A, the VPN tunnel is created successfully.
Example 3. Create a VPN connection between two Multi-Homing Security Gateways using Aggressive
mode Algorithm (3DES and MD5), and data encryption for IPSec Algorithm (3DES and MD5)
Preparation Task:
Company A External IP is 61.11.11.11
Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
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Company B External IP is 211.22.22.22
Internal IP is 192.168.20.X
To Allow Company A, 192.168.10.100 create a VPN connection with company B, 192.168.20.100 for
downloading the sharing file.
The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s Multi-Homing Security Gateway, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN in the
menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click Add.
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_A in IPSec Autokey window, and select the WAN interface you want to
create the VPN tunnel.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain Name, enter the IP address
desired to be connected.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table enters the Preshared Key.
Step 5. Enable Aggressive mode. For communication via VPN, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway will force
you to choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm, SHA-1 for AUTH Algorithm and select Group 2 to connect.
Local ID and Remote ID are optional parameters. If we choose to enter Local ID/ Remote ID, they couldn’t be
the same. For instance, Local ID is 11.11.11.11 and Remote ID is 22.22.22.22. If you want to use number or
text, add @ in the front, for instance, @123 and @abc.
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Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table, choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose 3DES for ENC
Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose GROUP 1 as the Perfect Forward Secrecy setting, and leave the default setting with 28800
seconds in IPSec Lifetime and 3600 seconds for ISAKMP Lifetime.
Step 8. Click OK to finish the setting of Company A.
Step 9. Click Trunk and press New Entry to configure the further setting.
Step 10. Enter Site_A as the new trunk name, and select LAN interface as the VPN source. Fill LAN IP subnet
192.168.10.0 with subnet mask IP 255.255.255.0.
Step 11. In To Destination table, fill company B’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.20.0 and 255.255.255.0
respectively.
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Step 12. In Tunnel, select VPN_A tunnel Available Tunnel, and click the Add>> button to add it to the Select
Tunnel.
Step 13. Click OK to finish the Trunk setting of Company A.
Step 14. If you want to configure bi-direction VPN connection, you should enable Trunk setting in Outgoing
and Incoming Policy.
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Outgoing Policy:
Incoming Policy:
The Gateway of Company B is 192.168.20.1. The settings of company B are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company B’s Multi-Homing Security Gateway, 192.168.20.1. Click VPN in the
menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click Add.
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_B in IPSec Autokey window, and select the WAN interface you want to
create the VPN tunnel.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain Name, enter the IP address
desired to be connected.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table enters the Preshared Key.
Step 5. Enable Aggressive mode. For communication via VPN, the Multi-Homing Security Gateway will force
you to choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm, SHA-1 for AUTH Algorithm and select Group 2 to connect.
Local ID and Remote ID are optional parameters. If we choose to enter Local ID/ Remote ID, they couldn’t be
the same. For instance, Local ID is 11.11.11.11 and Remote ID is 22.22.22.22. If you want to use number or
text, add @ in the front, for instance, @123 and @abc.
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Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table, choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose 3DES for ENC
Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose GROUP 1 as the Perfect Forward Secrecy setting, and leave the default setting with 28800
seconds in IPSec Lifetime and 3600 seconds for ISAKMP Lifetime.
Step 8. Click OK to finish the setting of Company B.
Step 9. Click Trunk and press New Entry to configure the further setting.
Step 10. Enter Site_B as the new trunk name, and select LAN interface as the VPN source. Fill LAN IP subnet
192.168.20.0 with subnet mask IP 255.255.255.0.
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Step 11. In To Destination table, fill company A’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.10.0 and 255.255.255.0
respectively.
Step 12. In Tunnel, select VPN_B tunnel Available Tunnel, and click the Add>> button to add it to the Select
Tunnel.
Step 13. Click OK to finish the Trunk setting of Company B.
Step 14. If you want to configure bi-direction VPN connection, you should enable Trunk setting in Outgoing
and Incoming Policy.
Outgoing Policy:
Incoming Policy:
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Example 4. Create a VPN trunk connection between CS-1000 (Company A) and CS-1000 (Company B),
using ISAKMP Algorithm (3DES and MD5), data encryption for IPSec Algorithm (3DES and MD5) and
GRE.
Preparation Task:
Company A’s External WAN 1 IP is 61.11.11.11
WAN 2 IP is 61.22.22.22
Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
Company B’s External WAN 1 IP is 211.11.11.11
WAN 2 IP is 211.22.22.22
Internal IP is 192.168.20.X
To Allow Company A, 192.168.10.100 create a VPN trunk connection with company B, 192.168.20.100 for
downloading the sharing file by GRE/ IPSec Algorithm.
The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s CS-1000, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN in the menu bar on the left
hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click Add.
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, Site_A_1 in IPSec Autokey window, select WAN 1 as the interface to create the
first VPN connection.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain name, enter the Company B’s
WAN 1 IP address.
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Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, enter the Preshared Key.
Step 5. In Encapsulation / ISAKMP Algorithm, choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
And select Group 2 to connect.
Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table, choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose 3DES for ENC
Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy as GROUP 2, and enter 3600 seconds in ISAKMP Lifetime, 28800
seconds in IPSec Lifetime.
Step 8. Choose GRE/ IPSec and enter GRE Local IP, 10.0.0.1 and GRE Remote IP, 10.0.0.254.
NOTE: The Local IP and Remote IP should be in the same IP subnet, and they also can not be the same IP
subnet with both devices’ WAN or LAN IP subnet
Step 9. Click OK to finish the WAN 1 setting of Company A.
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Step 10. Follow the previous steps to create WAN 2 VPN rule.
Step 11. Enter the VPN name, Site_A_2 in IPSec Autokey window, select WAN 2 as the interface to create
the first VPN connection.
Step 12. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain name, enter the Company B’s
WAN 2 IP address.
Step 13. In Authentication Method Table, enter the Preshared Key. If the value is different with Site_A_1 that
will be better.
Step 14. Follow Step 5, 6, 7 to configure related encryption and authentication setting.
Step 15. Choose GRE/ IPSec and enter GRE Local IP, 10.1.1.1 and GRE Remote IP, 10.1.1.254.
NOTE: The Local IP and Remote IP should be in the same IP subnet, and they also can not be the same IP
subnet with both devices’ WAN, LAN and Site_A_1 GRE setting’s IP subnet.
Step 16. Click OK to finish the WAN 2 setting of Company A.
Step 17. Click Trunk and press New Entry to configure the further setting.
Step 18. Enter VPN_Trunk_A as the new trunk name, and select LAN interface as the VPN source. Fill LAN
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IP subnet 192.168.10.0 with subnet mask IP 255.255.255.0.
Step 19. In To Destination table, fill company B’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.20.0 and 255.255.255.0
respectively.
Step 20. Select Site_A_1 and Site_A _2 in Available Tunnel, and click the Add>> button to add it to the
Select Tunnel.
Step 21. Click OK to finish the Trunk setting of Company A.
Step 22. Enable Trunk setting in Outgoing and Incoming Policy.
Outgoing Policy:
Incoming Policy:
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The Gateway of Company B is 192.168.20.1. The settings of company B are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP 192.168.20.1 of Company B’s CS-1000. Click VPN in the menu bar on the left
hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click Add.
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, Site_B_1 in IPSec Autokey window, select WAN 1 as the interface to create the
first VPN connection.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain name, enter the Company A’s
WAN 1 IP address.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key.
Step 5. In Encapsulation -> ISAKMP Algorithm, choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH
Algorithm. And select Group 2 to connect.
Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table, choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose 3DES for ENC
Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
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Step 7. Choose Perfect Forward Secrecy as GROUP 2, and enter 3600 seconds in ISAKMP Lifetime, 28800
seconds in IPSec Lifetime.
Step 8. Choose GRE/ IPSec and enter GRE Local IP, 10.0.0.254 and GRE Remote IP, 10.0.0.1.
NOTE: The Local IP and Remote IP should be in the same IP subnet, and they also can not be the same IP
subnet with both devices’ WAN or LAN IP subnet
Step 10. Click OK to finish the WAN 1 VPN setting of Company B.
Step 11. Follow the previous steps to create WAN 2 VPN rule.
Step 12. Enter the VPN name, Site_B_2 in IPSec Autokey window, select WAN 2 as the interface to create
the first VPN connection.
Step 13. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain name, enter the Company A’s
WAN 2 IP address.
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Step 14. In Authentication Method Table, choose Preshare and enter the Preshared Key.
Step 15. Follow Step 5, 6, 7 to configure related encryption and authentication setting.
Step 16. Choose GRE/ IPSec and enter GRE Local IP, 10.1.1.254 and GRE Remote IP, 10.1.1.1.
NOTE: The Local IP and Remote IP should be in the same IP subnet, and they also can not be the same IP
subnet with both devices’ WAN or LAN IP subnet
Step 17. Click OK to finish the WAN 2 VPN setting of Company B.
Step 17. Click Trunk and press New Entry to configure the further setting.
Step 18. Enter VPN_Trunk_B as the new trunk name, and select LAN interface as the VPN source. Fill LAN
IP subnet 192.168.20.0 with subnet mask IP 255.255.255.0.
Step 19. In To Destination table, fill company A’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.10.0 and 255.255.255.0
respectively.
Step 20. Select Site_B_1 and Site_B _2 in Available Tunnel, and click the Add>> button to add it to the
Select Tunnel.
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Step 21. Click OK to finish the Trunk setting of Company B.
Step 22. Enable Trunk setting in Outgoing and Incoming Policy.
Outgoing Policy:
Incoming Policy:
Example 5. Create a VPN connection between Multi-Homing Security Gateway and PLANET VRT-311
VPN Router.
Preparation Task:
Company A External IP is 210.66.155.90
Internal IP is 192.168.10.X
Company B External IP is 210.66.155.92
Internal IP is 192.168.20.X
To Allow Company A, 192.168.10.100 create a VPN connection with company B, 192.168.20.100 for
downloading the sharing file.
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The Gateway of Company A is 192.168.10.1. The settings of company A are as the following.
Step 1. Enter the default IP of Company A’s Multi-Homing Security Gateway, 192.168.10.1. Click VPN in the
menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-select IPSec Autokey. Click Add.
Step 2. Enter the VPN name, VPN_A in IPSec Autokey window, and select the WAN interface you want to
create the VPN tunnel.
Step 3. In To Destination table, choose Remote Gateway-Fixed IP or Domain Name, enter the IP address
desired to be connected.
Step 4. In Authentication Method Table enters the Preshared Key.
Step 5. In Encapsulation or Authentication table, choose ISAKMP Algorithm. For communication via VPN, we
choose 3DES for ENC Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm. And select Group 2 to connect.
Step 6. In IPSec Algorithm Table, choose Data Encryption + Authentication. We choose 3DES for ENC
Algorithm and MD5 for AUTH Algorithm.
Step 7. Choose GROUP 2 as the Perfect Forward Secrecy setting, and leave the default setting with 28800
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seconds in IPSec Lifetime and 3600 seconds for ISAKMP Lifetime.
Step 8. Select main mode as the algorithm.
Step 9. Click OK to finish the IPSec Aotukey setting of Company A.
Step 10. Click Trunk and press New Entry to configure the further setting.
Step 11. Enter Site_A as the new trunk name, and select LAN interface as the VPN source. Fill LAN IP subnet
192.168.10.0 with subnet mask IP 255.255.255.0.
Step 12. In To Destination table, fill company B’s subnet IP and mask, 192.168.20.0 and 255.255.255.0
respectively.
Step 13. In Tunnel, select VPN_A tunnel Available Tunnel, and click the Add>> button to add it to the Select
Tunnel.
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Step 14. Fill company B’s gateway IP 192.168.20.1 in Keep alive IP to keep VPN tunnel connecting.
Step 15. Click OK to finish the Trunk setting of Company A.
Step 16. If you want to configure bi-direction VPN connection, you should enable Trunk setting in Outgoing
and Incoming Policy.
Outgoing Policy:
Incoming Policy:
Step 2: Configure VRT-311 VPN policy as the following:
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3.4 Policy
This section provides the Administrator with facilities to sent control policies for packets with different source
IP addresses, source ports, destination IP addresses, and destination ports. Control policies decide whether
packets from different network objects, network services, and applications are able to pass through the
Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
What is Policy?
The device uses policies to filter packets. Based on source addresses, a packet can be categorized into:
(1)Outgoing: a client is in the LAN networks while a server is in the WAN networks.
(2) Incoming, a client is in the WAN networks, while a server is in the LAN networks.
(3) To DMZ: a client is either in the LAN networks or in the WAN networks while, server is in DMZ.
(4) From DMZ, a client is in DMZ while server is either in the LAN networks or in the WAN networks.
How do I use Policy?
Source addresses, destination addresses and IP mapping addresses have to be defined in the Address
menu in advance. Services can be used directly in setting up policies, if they are in the Pre-defined Service
menu. Custom services need to be defined in the Custom menu before they can be used in the policy
settings.
If the destination address of an incoming policy is a Mapped IP address or a Virtual Server address, then the
address has to be defined in the Virtual Server section instead of the Address section.
Policy Directions:
Step 1.
In Address, set names and addresses of source networks and destination networks.
Step 2.
In Service, set services.
Step 3.
In Virtual Server, set names and addresses of mapped IP or virtual server (only applied to
Incoming policies).
Step 4.
Set control policies in Policy.
3.4.1 Outgoing
This section describes steps to create policies for packets and services from the LAN network to the WAN
network.
Entering the Outgoing window:
Click Policy on the left hand side menu bar, then click Outgoing under it. A window will appear with a table
displaying currently defined Outgoing policies.
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The fields in the Outgoing window are:
„
Source: Source network addresses that are specified in the LAN section of Address menu, or all
the LAN network addresses.
„
Destination: Destination network addresses that are specified in the WAN section of the Address
menu, or all of the WAN network addresses.
„
Service: Specify services provided by WAN network servers.
„
Action: Control actions to permit or deny packets from LAN networks to WAN network travelling
through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
„
Option: Specify the monitoring functions on packets from LAN networks to WAN networks
travelling through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
„
Configure: Modify settings.
„
Move: This sets the priority of the policies, number 1 being the highest priority.
Adding a new Outgoing Policy
Step 1: Click on the New Entry button and the Add New Policy window will appear.
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Step 2: Configure all the parameters.
Source Address: Select the name of the LAN network from the drop down list. The drop down list
contains the names of all LAN networks defined in the LAN section of the Address menu. To create a
new source address, please go to the LAN section under the Address menu.
Destination Address: Select the name of the WAN network from the drop down list. The drop down
list contains the names of all WAN networks defined in the WAN section of the Address window. To
create a new destination address, please go to the WAN section under the Address menu.
Service: Specified services provided by WAN network servers. These are services/application that
are allowed to pass from the LAN network to the WAN network. Choose ANY for all services.
Schedule: Select the item listed in the schedule to enable the policy to automatically execute the
function in a certain time and range.
Authentication User: Select the item listed in the Authentication User to enable the policy to
automatically execute the function in a certain time and range.
Trunk: Check to allow VPN traffic passing through.
Action: Select Permit or Deny ALL from the drop down list to allow or reject the packets travelling
between the source network and the destination network.
Traffic Log: Check to enable flow monitoring.
Statistics: Check to enable flow statistics.
IDP: Check to enable IDP feature.
Content Blocking: Check to enable Content Blocking.
Max. Concurrent Sessions: The maximum concurrent sessions that allows passing through
CS-1000. 0 means it is unlimited.
QoS: Select the item listed in the QoS to enable the policy to automatically execute the function in a
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certain time and range.
Step 3: Click OK to add a new outgoing policy; or click Cancel to cancel adding a new outgoing policy.
Modifying an Outgoing policy
Step 1: In the Outgoing policy section, locate the name of the policy desired to be modified and click its
corresponding Modify option under the Configure field.
Step 2: In the Modify Policy window, fill in new settings.
NOTE: To change or add selections in the drop-down list for source or destination address, go to the section
where the selections are setup. (Source Address→LAN of Address menu; Destination Address →
WAN of Address menu; Service→ [Pre-defined], [Custom] or Group under Service).
Step 3: Click OK to do confirm modification or click Cancel to cancel it.
Removing the Outgoing Policy
Step 1. In the Outgoing policy section, locate the name of the policy desired to be removed and click its
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Remove confirmation dialogue box, click OK to remove the policy or click Cancel to cancel
removing.
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Pausing the Outgoing Policy
Step 1. In the Outgoing policy section, locate the name of the policy desired to be paused and click its
corresponding Pause option in the Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Pause confirmation dialogue box, click OK to pause the policy or click Cancel to cancel
pausing.
Step 3.
When Policy is paused, administrator can modify the Policy Object without removing the Policy.
3.4.2 Incoming
This section describes steps to create policies for packets and services from the WAN network to the LAN
network including Mapped IP and Virtual Server.
Enter Incoming window
Step 1: Click Incoming under the Policy menu to enter the Incoming window. The Incoming table will
display current defined policies from the WAN network to assigned Mapped IP or Virtual Server.
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Step 2: The fields of the Incoming window are:
„ Source: Source networks which are specified in the WAN section of the Address menu, or
all the WAN network addresses.
„ Destination: Destination networks, which are IP Mapping addresses or Virtual server
network addresses created in Virtual Server menu.
„ Service: Services supported by Virtual Servers (or Mapped IP).
„ Action: Control actions to permit or deny packets from WAN networks to Virtual
Server/Mapped IP travelling through the device.
„ Option: Specify the monitoring functions on packets from WAN networks to Virtual
Server/Mapped IP travelling through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
„ Configure: Modify settings or remove incoming policy.
„ Move: This sets the sequence of the policies, number 1 being the first policy to proceed.
Adding an Incoming Policy
Step 1: Under Incoming of the Policy menu, click the New Entry button.
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Step 2: Configure the parameters
Source Address: Select names of the WAN networks from the drop down list. The drop down
list contains the names of all WAN networks defined in the WAN section of the Address menu.
To create a new source address, please go to the LAN section under the Address menu.
Destination Address: Select names of the LAN networks from the drop down list. The drop
down list contains the names of IP mapping addresses specified in the Mapped IP or the Virtual
Server sections of Virtual Server menu. To create a new destination address, please go to the
Virtual Server menu.
Service: Specified services provided by LAN network servers. These are services / application
that are allowed to pass from the network to the LAN network. Choose ANY for all services.
Schedule: Select the item listed in the schedule to enable the policy to automatically execute
the function in a certain time and range.
Trunk: Check to allow VPN traffic passing through.
Action: Select Permit or Deny ALL from the drop down list to allow or reject the packets
travelling between the specified WAN network and Virtual Server/Mapped IP.
Traffic Log: Select Enable to enable flow monitoring.
Statistics: Select Enable to enable flow statistics.
IDP: Check to enable IDP feature.
Max. Concurrent Sessions: The maximum concurrent sessions that allows to pass through
CS-1000. 0 means it is unlimited.
QoS: Select the item listed in the QoS to enable the policy to automatically execute the function
in a certain time and range.
NAT: Select enable to allow WAN user or DMZ user to access LAN resource using with LAN
interface’s IP address.
Step 3: Click OK to add new policy or click Cancel to cancel adding new incoming policy.
Modifying Incoming Policy
Step 1: In the Incoming window, locate the name of policy desired to be modified and click its corresponding
Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2: In the Modify Policy window, fill in new settings.
Step 3: Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications.
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Removing an Incoming Policy
Step 1: In the Incoming window, locate the name of policy desired to be removed and click its corresponding
[Remove] in the Configure field.
Step 2: In the Remove confirmation window, click Ok to remove the policy or click Cancel to cancel removing.
Pausing the Incoming Policy
Step 1. In the Incoming policy section, locate the name of the policy desired to be paused and click its
corresponding Pause option in the Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Pause confirmation dialogue box, click OK to pause the policy or click Cancel to cancel
pausing.
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Step 3.
When Policy is paused, administrator can modify the Policy Object without removing the Policy.
3.4.3 WAN To DMZ & LAN To DMZ
This section describes steps to create policies for packets and services from the WAN networks to the DMZ
networks. Please follow the same procedures for LAN networks to DMZ networks.
Enter [WAN To DMZ] or [LAN To DMZ] window:
Click WAN To DMZ under Policy menu to enter the WAN To DMZ window. The WAN To DMZ table will show
up displaying currently defined policies. Before to set up WAN To DMZ rule, you need to enable DMZ first.
The fields in WAN To DMZ window:
Source: Source networks, which are addresses specified in the WAN section of the Address
menu, or all the WAN network addresses.
Destination: Destination networks, which are addresses specified in DMZ section of the
Address menu and Mapped IP addresses of the Virtual Server menu.
Service: Services supported by servers in DMZ network.
Action: Control actions, to permit or deny packets from WAN networks to DMZ travelling
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through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
Option: Specify the monitoring functions of packets from WAN network to DMZ network
travelling through Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
Configure: Modify settings or remove policies.
Move: This sets the priority of the policies, number 1 being the highest priority.
Adding a new WAN To DMZ Policy:
Step 1: Click the New Entry button and the Add New Policy window will appear.
Step 2: Configure the parameters.
Source Address: Select names of the WAN networks from the drop down list. The drop down
list contains the names of all WAN networks defined in the WAN section of the Address menu.
To create a new source address, please go to the LAN section under the Address menu.
Destination Address: Select the name of the DMZ network from the drop down list. The drop
down list contains the names of the DMZ network created in the Address menu. It will also
contain Mapped IP addresses from the Virtual Server menu that were created for the DMZ
network. To create a new destination address, please go to the Virtual Server menu. (Please
refer to the sections entitled Address and Virtual Server for details)
Service: Select a service from drop down list. The drop down list will contain services defined in
the Custom or Group section under the Service menu. These are services/application that are
allowed to pass from the WAN network to the DMZ network. Choose ANY for all services. To
add or modify these services, please go to the Service menu. (Please refer to the section
entitled Services for details)
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Schedule: Select the item listed in the schedule to enable the policy to automatically execute
the function in a certain time and range.
Trunk: Check to allow VPN traffic passing through.
Action: Select Permit or Deny ALL from the drop down list to allow or reject the packets
travelling from the specified WAN network to the DMZ network.
Traffic Log: Select Enable to enable flow monitoring.
Statistics: Select Enable to enable flow statistics.
IDP: Check to enable IDP feature.
Max. Concurrent Sessions: The maximum concurrent sessions that allows to pass through
CS-1000. 0 means it is unlimited.
QoS: Select the item listed in the QoS to enable the policy to automatically execute the function
in a certain time and range.
NAT: Select enable to allow WAN or LAN user to access DMZ resource using with DMZ
interface’s IP address.
Step 3: Click OK.
Modifying a WAN To DMZ policy:
Step 1: In the WAN To DMZ window, locate the name of policy desired to be modified and click its
corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2: In the Modify Policy window, fill in new settings.
Step 3: Click OK to do save modifications.
Removing a WAN To DMZ Policy:
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Step 1: In the WAN To DMZ window, locate the name of policy desired to be removed and click its
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
Step 2: In the Remove confirmation pop-up box, click OK to remove the policy.
Pausing the Incoming Policy
Step 1. In the WAN to DMZ or LAN to DMZ policy section, locate the name of the policy desired to be
paused and click its corresponding Pause option in the Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Pause confirmation dialogue box, click OK to pause the policy or click Cancel to cancel
pausing.
Step 3.
When Policy is paused, administrator can modify the Policy Object without removing the Policy.
3.4.4 DMZ To WAN & DMZ To LAN
This section describes steps to create policies for packets and services from DMZ networks to WAN networks.
Please follow the same procedures for DMZ networks to LAN networks.
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Entering the DMZ To WAN window:
Click DMZ To WAN under Policy menu and the DMZ To WAN table appears displaying currently defined
DMZ To WAN policies.
The fields in the DMZ To WAN window are:
Source: Source network addresses which are specified in the DMZ section of the Address
window.
Destination: Destination networks, which is the WAN network address
Service: Services supported by Servers of WAN networks.
Action: Control actions, to permit or deny packets from the DMZ network to WAN networks
travelling through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
Option: Specify the monitoring functions on packets from the DMZ network to WAN networks
travelling through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
Configure: Modify settings or remove policies
Move: This sets the sequence of the policies, number 1 being the first policy to proceed.
Adding a DMZ To WAN Policy:
Step 1: Click the New Entry button and the Add New Policy window will appear.
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Step 2: Configure the parameters.
Source Address: Select the name of the DMZ network from the drop down list. The drop down
list will contain names of DMZ networks defined in DMZ section of the Address menu. To add a
new source address, please go to the DMZ section under the Address menu.
Destination Address: Select the name of the WAN network from the drop down list. The drop
down list lists names of addresses defined in WAN section of the Address menu. To add a new
destination address, please go to WAN section of the Address menu.
Service: Select a service from drop down list. The drop down list will contain services defined in
the Custom or Group section under the Service menu. These are services/application that are
allowed to pass from the DMZ network to the WAN network. Choose ANY for all services. To
add or modify these services, please go to the Service menu.
Schedule: Select the item listed in the schedule to enable the policy to automatically execute
the function in a certain time and range.
Authentication User: Select the item listed in the Authentication User to enable the policy to
automatically execute the function in a certain time and range.
Trunk: Check to allow VPN traffic passing through.
Action: Select Permit or Deny ALL from the drop down list to allow or reject the packets
travelling from the specified DMZ network to the WAN network.
Traffic Log: Select Enable to enable flow monitoring.
Statistics: Select Enable to enable flow statistics.
IDP: Check to enable IDP feature.
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Content Blocking: Select Enable to enable Content Blocking.
Max. Concurrent Sessions: The maximum concurrent sessions that allows to pass through
CS-1000. 0 means it is unlimited.
QoS: Select the item listed in the QoS to enable the policy to automatically execute the function
in a certain time and range.
Step 3: Click OK to add new policy or click Cancel to cancel adding.
Modifying a DMZ To WAN policy:
Step 1: In the DMZ To WAN window, locate the name of policy desired to be modified and click its
corresponding Modify option in the Configure field.
Step 2: In the Modify Policy window, fill in new settings.
NOTE: To change or add selections in the drop-down list, go to the section where the selections are setup.
(Source Address → DMZ of Address; Destination Address →WAN, Service →Pre-defined Service, Custom or
Group under Service.)
Step 3: Click OK to save modifications or click Cancel to cancel modifications.
Removing a DMZ To WAN Policy:
Step 1. In the DMZ To WAN window, locate the name of policy desired to be removed and click its
corresponding Remove option in the Configure field.
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Step 2.
In the Remove confirmation dialogue box, click OK.
Pausing the DMZ to WAN or DMZ to LAN Policy
Step 1. In the DMZ to WAN or DMZ to LAN policy section, locate the name of the policy desired to be
paused and click its corresponding Pause option in the Configure field.
Step 2.
In the Pause confirmation dialogue box, click OK to pause the policy or click Cancel to cancel
pausing.
Step 3.
When Policy is paused, administrator can modify the Policy Object without removing the Policy.
3.5 Mail Security
This section provides the Administrator to configure Mail Security rule for protecting client PC from virus and
spam mail attacking. Meanwhile, CS-1000 provides the ability to update virus pattern by schedule or manually,
and it also provides auto-learning system to raise the rate of spam mail judging. For more detail information
please check the related chapter.
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3.5.1 Configure
About the Mail Security Configure function, it means the dealing standard towards mail of CS-1000. In this
chapter, it is defined as Setting and Mail Relay.
Setting:
Define the required fields of setting:
Scanned Mail Setting: Setup to deal with the mail size in order to judge the mail should be scanned or not.
Unscanned Mail Setting: If the mail does not be scanned via CS-1000, it can be marked an unscanned
message in the mail subject. For example, if the mail size is larger than the Scanned Mail Setting, when you
receive mail you will find out the subject with the mark “Unscanned”.
When receive unscanned mail, it will add the tag in front of the e-mail subject.
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Mail Relay: After scanning the mails that sent to Internal Mail Server by Anti-Spam and Anti-Virus function
of CS-1000, then to setup the relevant setting in Mail Relay function. For the examples below you can
understand more about how to configure your setting.
Example 1: To setup CS-1000 as Gateway (Mail Server in DMZ, Transparent Mode)
Preparation:
WAN Port IP: 61.11.11.11
Mail Server IP: 61.11.11.12
Map the DNS Domain Name that apply from ISP (planet.com.tw) to DNS Server IP (setup MX record is Mail
Server IP)
When external sender sends mail to the recipient account of the planet.com.tw domain, add the following Mail
Relay setting:
STEP 1﹒Add the following setting in Mail Relay function of Configure:
„
Select Domain Name of Internal Mail Server
„
Domain Name of Mail Server: Enter the Domain Name
„
IP Address of Mail Server: Enter the IP address that Mail Server’s domain name mapped
to.
Mail Relay setting is complete. The external mails send to planet.com.tw that will be received by
CS-1000 and redirect to the mail server after filtering.
Example 2: To setup CS-1000 between the original Gateway and Mail Server (Mail Server in DMZ,
Transparent Mode)
Preparation:
The Original Gateway’s LAN Subnet: 172.16.1.0/16
WAN Port IP: 61.11.11.11
CS-1000’s WAN Port IP: 172.16.1.12
Mail Server IP: 172.16.1.13
Map the DNS Domain Name (planet.com.tw) to DNS Server IP (setup MX record is Mail Server IP)
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When LAN (172.16.1.0/16) users send mail from the sender account of planet.com.tw mail server to the
recipient account in external mail server, the configuration should need to add the following mail relay setting:
STEP 1﹒Add the first setting in Mail Relay function of Configure:
„
Select Domain Name of Internal Mail Server
„
Domain Name of Mail Server: Enter the Domain Name
„
IP Address of Mail Server: Enter the IP address that Mail Server’s domain name mapped
to.
STEP 2﹒Add the second setting in Mail Relay function of Configure:
„
Select Allowed External IP of Mail Relay
„
IP Address: Enter the IP Address of external sender
„
Enter the Netmask
„
Complete Mail Relay setting
Example 3: The Headquarters setup CS-1000 as Gateway (Mail Server in DMZ, Transparent Mode) to
make the Branch office’s employees can send mails via Headquarters’ Mail Server
Preparation:
WAN Port IP of CS-1000: 61.11.11.11
Mail Server IP: 61.11.11.12
WAN Port IP of the Branch office’s Firewall: 211.22.22.22
Map the DNS Domain Name (planet.com.tw) to DNS Server IP (setup MX record is Mail Server IP)
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When the branch office’s users send mail to the external mail server’s recipient account from mail server’s
sender account of planet.com.tw, add the following Mail Relay setting:
STEP 1﹒Add the first setting in Mail Relay function of Configure:
„
Select Domain Name of Internal Mail Server
„
Domain Name of Mail Server: Enter the Domain Name
„
IP Address of Mail Server: Enter the IP address that Mail Server’s domain name mapped
to.
STEP 2﹒Add the second setting in Mail Relay function of Configure:
„
Select Allowed External IP of Mail Relay
„
IP Address: Enter the IP Address of external sender
„
Enter the Netmask
„
Complete Mail Relay setting
3.5.2 Anti-Spam
CS-1000 can filter the e-mails that are going to send to the mail server of enterprise, in order to make sure the
e-mail account that communicates with outside won’t receive a mass advertisement or Spam mail. Meanwhile,
it can reduce the burden of mail server. Also can prevent the users to pick up the message he/she needs from
a mass of useless mails; or delete the needed mail mistakenly while deleting mails. It will raise the work
efficiency of the employees and will not lose the important information of enterprise.
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In this chapter, we will have the detailed illustration about Anti-Spam:
3.5.2.1 Setting
The Administrator can choose the inspection way of the mails, where the mail server is placed in Internal
(LAN or DMZ) or External (WAN). CS-1000 also can inspect all of the mails that are sent to the enterprise,
and add a score tag or message to the subject line of Spam mail while it exceeds the standard. Meanwhile, it
supports to check sender address in blacklist of anti-spam website to determine if it is spam mail or not.
Definition:
Enable Anti-Spam: Select to enable Anti-Spam function.
The Mail Server is placed in Internal (LAN or DMZ) or External (WAN): Select to choose the location of the
mail server. In order to enable Anti-Spam feature in Internal Mail server, administrator must configure Mail
Relay setting first.
The threshold score of spam mail is: CS-1000 allows the Administrator to decide the threshold to be the
standard of judging the spam mail.
Add the message to the subject line: If the mail has been judged to the spam mail, CS-1000 will add a
message in the mail’s subject. You can configure the message you want, by default, it will be add “---SPAM---”
in the subject.
Check spam fingerprint: Select to allow CS-1000 checking spam mail with Fingerprint system.
Enable Bayesian filtering: Except to select fingerprinter system to distinguish spam mail, you also can select
Bayesian filtering system to scan spam mail.
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Check sender account: Select to allow CS-1000 checking sender’s account when it receives the mail, if the
sender’s account is faked, CS-1000 will treat the mail as the spam.
Check sender IP address in RBL (Realtime Blackhole List): Select this function to allow CS-1000 checking
mail with RBL list to Judge the spam mail.
Add score tag to the subject line: If select this function, all received mail will be added a score tag in the
mail subject.
Action of Spam Mail: When CS-1000 filters the spam mail, there are three kinds of actions for Internal Mail
Server and one action for External Mail server to arrange the spam mail:
Delete the spam mail: If select this option, the spam mail will be deleted without any notification.
Deliver to the recipient: Pass the mail to the recipient, and add a “SPAM” in the mail subject. This
function is available for Internal and External Mail Server.
Forward to: Select to forward spam mail to a specific mail account; that can be easily to manage the spam
mail.
Configure an Anti- Spam setting
After setup the relevant settings in Mail Relay function of Configure, add the following settings in this
function:
1. The Mail Server is placed in Internal (LAN or DMZ)
2. The threshold score: Enter 5
3. Add the message to the subject line: Enter ---spam--4. Select the spam mail filtering system to enable the Anti-spam function
5. Select Add score tag to the subject line
6. Select Deliver to the recipient
7. Click OK.
3.5.2.2 Rule
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s Administrator may use the rule setting to classify the spam mail based
on a certain condition. The rule also can allow CS-1000 to record the mail type by auto-learning system in
order to judge the spam mail.
Click on Mail Security in the menu bar, then click on Rule below the Anti-Spam menu. The Rule window will
appear.
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Below is the information needed for setting up the Rule:
•
•
Rule Name: The name of the custom spam mail determination rule.
•
Combination:
Comments: To explain the meaning of the custom rule.
And: It must be fit in with all of the custom mail rules that would be considered as spam mail or
ham mail.
Or: Only be fit in with one of the custom mail rule that would be considered as spam mail or ham
mail.
•
Classification:
Spam: It will classify the mails that correspond to the rule as spam mail.
Ham (Non-Spam): It will classify the mails that correspond to the rule as ham mail.
•
Action: This function will be available only when Classification is set as Spam. You can choose the
action to Delete spam mail, Deliver to the recipient, Forward to another mail account, or the Same
as Spam Setting.
•
Auto-Training: If Classification is set as Spam and enable this function, the mails that correspond
to this rule will be trained to identify as spam mail; or if Classification is set as Ham (Non-Spam) and
enable this function, the mails correspond to this rule will be trained to identify as ham (non-spam)
mail according to the setting in Training function
•
Item: The items use to judge the spam mail according to Header, Body and Size of the mail. The
packet Header includes: Received, Envelope-To, Form, To, Cc, Bcc, Subject, Sender, Reply-To,
Errors-To, Message-ID, Date, Header, Body, Attach File Name and Size (Kbytes).
•
Condition:
Item set to Header or Body: The available conditions are: Contains, Does Not Contain, Is
Equal To, Is Not Equal To, Starts With, Ends With, Exist and Does Not Exist.
Item set to Size: The available conditions are: More Than, Is Equal To, Is Not Equal To and
Less Than.
•
Pattern: Enter the relevant value in Item and Condition field. For example: From Item and use
Contains Condition, and enter “josh” as a characteristics. When the sender and receiver’s mail
account has “josh” inside and then it will be considered as spam mail or ham mail
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Adding a new Rule
Step 1:
Click on the New Entry button and the Rule window will appear.
Step 2:
Fill in the appropriate settings for the related information.
Step 3:
Click OK to save the policy or Cancel to cancel.
Modifying a Rule
Step 1:
In the Rule window, find the policy to be modified and click the corresponding Modify option in the
Configure field.
Step 2:
Make the necessary changes needed.
Step 3:
Click OK to save changes or click on Cancel to cancel modifications.
Removing a Rule
Step 1:
In the Rule window, find the policy to be removed and click the corresponding Remove option in
the Configure field.
Step 2:
A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to remove the Host Table or click Cancel.
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3.5.2.3 Whitelist
To determine the mail comes from specific mail address that can send to the recipient without being restricted.
Below is the information needed for setting up the Whitelist
•
Whitelist: Specify the key word or with wildcard for the Whitelist field.
•
Direction:
From: To judge the sending address of the mail.
To: To judge the receiving address of the mail.
•
Auto-Training: Select enable to allow Auto-Training system updating the CS-1000’s database.
Adding a new Whitelist
Step 1:
Click on the New Entry button and the Whitelist window will appear.
Step 2:
Fill in the appropriate settings for the related information..
Step 3:
Click OK to save the policy or Cancel to cancel.
Modifying a Whitelist
Step 1:
In the Whitelist window, find the policy to be modified and click the corresponding Modify option in
the Configure field.
Step 2:
Make the necessary changes needed.
Step 3:
Click OK to save changes or click on Cancel to cancel modifications.
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Removing a Whitelist
Step 1:
In the Rule window, find the policy to be removed and click the corresponding Remove option in
the Configure field.
Step 2:
A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to remove the Host Table or click Cancel.
Export Whitelist To Client
Step 1:
Press Download button to save the Whitelist as a file. The file format is *.csv type.
Step 2:
Select the destination path you want to save the file, then press Save to save the file.
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Import Whitelist From Client
Step 1:
Press Browse to select the file you want to import, then press OK to import file to Whitelist.
Note: The file can be modified first before importing to CS-1000, use Notepad program and type the data as
following:
3.5.2.4 Blacklist
To determine the mail comes from specific mail address that will be filtered or restricted.
Below is the information needed for setting up the Blacklist
•
Blacklist: Specify the key word or with wildcard for the Blacklist field.
•
Direction:
From: To judge the sending address of the mail.
To: To judge the receiving address of the mail.
•
Auto-Training: Select enable to allow Auto-Training system updating the CS-1000’s database.
Adding a new Blacklist
Step 1:
Click on the New Entry button and the Blacklist window will appear.
Step 2:
Fill in the appropriate settings for the related information..
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Step 3:
Click OK to save the policy or Cancel to cancel.
Modifying a Blacklist
Step 1:
In the Blacklist window, find the policy to be modified and click the corresponding Modify option in
the Configure field.
Step 2:
Make the necessary changes needed.
Step 3:
Click OK to save changes or click on Cancel to cancel modifications.
Removing a Blacklist
Step 1:
In the Blacklist window, find the policy to be removed and click the corresponding Remove option
in the Configure field.
Step 2:
A confirmation pop-up box will appear, click OK to remove the Host Table or click Cancel.
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Export Blacklist To Client
Step 1:
Press Download button to save the Blacklist as a file. The file format is *.csv type.
Step 2:
Select the destination path you want to save the file, then press Save to save the file.
Import Blacklist From Client
Step 1:
Press Browse to select the file you want to import, then press OK to import file to Blacklist.
Note: The file can be modified first before importing to CS-1000, use Notepad program and type the data as
following:
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3.5.2.5 Training
CS-1000 provides a training system to improve the identify rate of spam, the database can be updated by
manually or from the rule setting. Below is the information needed for setting up the Training.
•
Training Database: The System Manager can Import or Export Training Database here.
•
Spam Mail for Training: The System Manager can import the file which is not determined as spam
mail here. To raise the judgment rate of spam mail after the CS-1000 learning the file.
•
Ham Mail for Training: The System Manager can import the file which is determined as spam mail
here. To raise the judgment rate of ham mail after the CS-1000 learning the file
•
Spam Account for Training: You can specify a mail account in your mail server, and redirect all the
spam mail to this account. When the related configuration is set, such as POP3 server, User name
and Password, CS-1000 will search the spam mail in this account and update the spam type to the
database in a regular time.
•
Ham Account for Training: You can specify a mail account in your mail server, and redirect all the
ham mail to this account. When the related configuration is set, such as POP3 server, User name
and Password, CS-1000 will search the ham mail in this account and update the ham type to the
database in a regular time.
•
Training Time: The System Manager can set the training time for CS-1000 to import the file per each
day.
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Example: How to train mail into CS-1000
STEP 1﹒Create a new folder SpamMail in Outlook Express:
„
Press the right key of the mouse and select New Folder.
„
In Create Folder WebUI and enter the Folder’s Name as SpamMail, and then click on OK.
STEP 2﹒In Inbox-Outlook Express, move spam mail to SpamMail Folder:
„
In Inbox, select all of the spam mails that do not judge correctly and press the right key of
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the mouse and move to the folder.
„
In Move WebUI, select SpamMail Folder and click OK.
STEP 3﹒Compress the SpamMail Folder in Outlook Express to shorten the data and upload to CS-1000 for
training:
„
Select SpamMail Folder
„
Select Compact function in selection of the folder
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STEP 4﹒To copy the route of SpamMail File in Outlook Express to convenient to upload the training to
CS-1000.
„
Press the right key of the mouse in SpamMail file and select Properties function.
„
Copy the file address in SpamMail Properties WebUI.
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STEP 5﹒Paste the route of copied from SpamMail file to the Spam Mail for Training field in Training
function of Anti-Spam. And press OK to deliver this file to CS-1000 instantly and to learn the
uploaded mail file as spam mail in the appointed time.
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Note:
1. The training file that uploads to CS-1000 can be any data file and not restricted in its sub-name,
but the file must be ACSII form.
2. When the training file of CS-1000 is Microsoft Office Outlook exporting file [.pst], it has to close
Microsoft Office Outlook first to start Importing.
STEP 6﹒Remove all of the mails in SpamMail File in Outlook Express so that new mails can be
compressed and upload to CS-1000 to training directly next time.
„
Select all of the mails in SpamMail File and press the right key of the mouse to select
Delete function.
„
Make sure that all of the mails in SpamMail file had been deleted completely.
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3.5.2.6 Spam Mail
This item will show the top chart that represents the received and sent spam mail from recipient. In Top Total
Spam report, you can choose to display the scanned mails that sent to Internal Mail Server or received from
External Mail Server. It also can sort the mail according to Recipient, Total Spam and Total Mail.
3.5.3 Anti-Virus
CS-1000 built-in Clam virus scanning engine can protect your LAN network from being infected virus.
3.5.3.1 Setting
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Definition:
Virus Scan Engine: Select Clam to enable Anti-virus function or Select Disable to disable it.
The Mail Server is placed in Internal (LAN or DMZ) or External (WAN): Select to choose the location of the
mail server.
Add the message to the subject line: If the mail has been filtered as virus mail, CS-1000 will add a message
in the mail’s subject.
Update virus definitions immediately: Press Update NOW to update CS-1000 virus database.
Action of Infected Mail: When CS-1000 filters the infected mail, there are three kinds of actions for Internal
Mail Server and one action for External Mail server to arrange the infected mail:
Delete the virus mail: If select this option, the virus mail will be deleted without any notification.
Deliver to the recipient: This action is available for Internal Mail Server and External Mail Server setting.
Deliver a notification mail instead of the original virus mail: Recipient will only receive a
notification, and virus mail will be deleted.
Deliver the original virus mail: Recipient will receive the original virus mail, the virus will not be
arranged, but CS-1000 will add a “VIRUS” message at the subject.
Forward to: You can configure CS-1000 to forward virus mail to a specific mail account; it will be easily to
manage the infected mail.
3.5.3.2 Virus Mail
This item will show the top chart that represents the received and sent virus mail from recipient. In Top Total
Virus report, you can choose to display the scanned mails that sent to Internal Mail Server or received from
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External Mail Server. It also can sort the mail according to Recipient, Total Virus and Total Mail.
3.6 IDP
CS-1000 can aim at abnormal traffic and packets content to inspect, alert, and handle by the obstructive,
separateness, interference, or alarm to administrator, to prevent suspicious program invades the host. So
when CS-1000 detects the attack behavior come from internal or external, it can provide the protection to
network and obstruct to the attack behavior, let the network can still work normally and increase the
information transmission security.
3.6.1 Setting
„
It can update signature definitions for every 120 minutes. Or update signature definitions immediately. It
will show the update time and version at the same time.
„
It can detect virus to the file which have no encryption and compression.
Note: User can test if CS-1000 can connect to IDP server to update the signature definitions on internet by
Test function.
Set default action of all signatures:
„
According to attack behavior’s threat to divide: High Risk, Medium Risk, and Low Risk. The different
risk attack behavior can be handled by the pass, drop, and log action.
‹
Add the following settings in this function:
1. Select Enable Anti-Virus (Disable Anti-virus function will abate the IDP function in virus
protection).
2. Click OK.
3. High Risk: Select drop and log function.
4. Medium Risk: Select drop and log function.
5. Low Risk: Select pass and log function.
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6. Click OK.
7. Enable IDP function in policy.
‹
When the attack behavior matches the signature, CS-1000 will produce log as follows in Log
function of IDP Report.
3.6.2 Signature
Provide relative compare rule to different attack behavior, include three sections: Anomaly, Pre-defined and
Custom.
Anomaly:
Anomaly signature can allow user to define the signature, in order to detect and prevent the irregular attack
behavior. Take Syn Flood as the example:
Definition:
Enable: Check to enable the protection for Syn Flood signature.
Max. Threshold □ Pkts / Sec: Configure the value to define the Syn Flood signature.
Blocking Time: Set up the timing to block the attacked connection. The function is available when the
Action sets to Drop.
Action: When the packets match the signature, select Pass to pass the packets, or select Drop to discard
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the packets.
Log: Check Log function to record the log in IDP Report.
Pre-defined:
Pre-defined signatures can detect and prevent to intrusive pattern which can be discovered at present.
These signatures can not be modified and deleted.
Definition:
Action: Select Pass to pass the packets, or select Drop to discard the packets.
Log: Check Log function to record the log in IDP Report.
Custom:
Custom signatures can allow user to create the signature according to their requirement, works to detect and
prevent the internal and external attack behavior which are not including in Pre-defined signatures.
Definition:
Name: The System Manager can name the signature.
Protocol: Select the protocol which wants to be detected and prevented, it can be divided: TCP, UDP,
ICMP and IP.
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Source Port: Configure the port number that is used to attack the PC. (The range can be from 0 to 65535).
Destination Port: Configure the port number that the client PC is used to be attacked.
Risk: Define the threat about attack packets.
Action: Select Pass to pass the packets, or select Drop to discard the packets.
Log: Check Log function to record the log in IDP Report.
Content: Define the attack packets content.
EX. Use Pre-defined and Custom signature settings to detect and prevent attack behaviors
STEP 1. Enter the following setting in Setting of Configure function.
STEP 2. Enter the following setting in Custom of Signature function:
„
Click New Entry.
„
Name: Enter Software_Crack_Website.
„
Protocol: Select TCP.
„
Source Port: Enter 0:65535.
„
Destination Port: Enter 80:80.
„
Risk: Select High.
„
Action: Select Drop and enable Log function.
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„
Content: Enter cracks.
Click OK to finish the IDP setting.
STEP 3. Enter the following settings in Outgoing Policy to enable the IDP function:
3.6.3 IDP Report
CS-1000 can make intrusion detection and prevention record to a Log report, and allow administrator to know
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the network security status for the overall network.
STEP 1. In Log of IDP Report function, it will display the situation about intrusion detection and
prevention of CS-1000.
Icon Definition:
1. Action:
Pass
Drpo
2. Risk:
High Risk
Medium Risk
Low Risk
3.7 Anomaly Flow IP
The Administrator can enable the device’s auto detect functions for Anomaly Flow IP attacking the local
network. When abnormal conditions occur, CS-1000 will send an e-mail alert to notify the Administrator, and
also display warning messages in the Virus-infected IP window.
ÍÍ
Anomaly Flow IP Settings
„
Enable Anomaly Flow IP Blocking: Select this option to enable the Anomaly Flow IP
blocking function. Once the Anomaly Flow IP attacked is detected, it will block the
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connection for user-drefined blocking time.
„
Enable E-mail Alert Notification: When Anomaly Flow IP attacked is detected, send alert
e-mail to administrator by using e-mail address defined on System -> Setting.
„
Enable NetBIOS Alert Notification: When Anomaly Flow IP attacked is detected, send
alart message to administrator by using “Net send” command.
After enabling the needed options, click OK to activate the changes.
3.8 Monitor
CS-1000 provides varied of information that can be used to check the status.
3.8.1 Log
The Multi-Homing Security Gateway supports traffic logging and event logging to monitor and record services,
connection times, and the source and destination network address. The Administrator may also download the
log files for backup purposes. The Administrator mainly uses the Log menu to monitor the traffic passing
through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway.
What is Log?
Log records all connections that pass through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s control policies. Traffic
log’s parameters are setup when setting up control policies. Traffic logs record the details of packets such as
the start and stop time of connection, the duration of connection, the source address, the destination address
and services requested, for each control policy. Event logs record the contents of System Configuration
changes made by the Administrator such as the time of change, settings that change, the IP address used to
log on, etc.
How to use the Log
The Administrator can use the log data to monitor and manage the device and the networks. The
Administrator can view the logged data to evaluate and troubleshoot the network, such as pinpointing the
source of traffic congestions.
3.8.1.1 Traffic
The Administrator queries the Multi-Homing Security Gateway for information, such as source address,
destination address, start time, and Protocol port of all connections.
Entering the Traffic Log window
Step 1. Click the Traffic option under Log menu to enter the Traffic Log window.
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ÍÍ
Traffic Log Table
The table in the Traffic Log window displays current System statuses:
Definition:
„ Time: The start time of the connection.
„ Source: IP address of the source network of the specific connection.
„ Destination: IP address of the destination network of the specific connection.
„ Protocol: Protocol type of the specific connection.
„ Port: Port number of the specific connection.
„ Disposition: Accept or Deny.
Downloading the Traffic Logs
The Administrator can backup the traffic logs regularly by downloading it to the computer.
Step 1. In the Traffic Log window, click the Download Logs button at the bottom of the screen.
Step 2. Follow the File Download pop-up window to save the traffic logs into a specified directory on the
hard drive.
Clearing the Traffic Logs
The Administrator may clear on-line logs to keep just the most updated logs on the screen.
Step 1. In the Traffic Log window, click the Clear Logs button at the bottom of the screen.
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Step 2. In the Clear Logs pop-up box, click Ok to clear the logs or click Cancel to cancel it.
3.8.1.2 Event
When the Multi-Homing Security Gateway WAN detects events, the Administrator can get the details, such as
time and description of the events from the Event Logs.
Entering the Event Log window
Step 1. Click the Event Log option under the Log menu and the Event Log window will appear.
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ÍÍ
Step 2. The table in the Event Log window displays the time and description of the events.
„
Time: time when the event occurred.
„
Event: description of the event.
Downloading the Event Logs
Step 1. In the Event Log window, click the Download Logs button at the bottom of the screen.
Step 2. Follow the File Download pop-up window to save the event logs into a specific directory on the
hard drive.
Clearing the Event Logs
The Administrator may clear on-line event logs to keep just the most updated logs on the screen.
Step 1. In the Event Log window, click the Clear Logs button at the bottom of the screen.
Step 2. In the Clear Logs pop-up box, click OK to clear the logs or click Cancel to cancel it.
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3.8.1.3 Connection
Click Log in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-selection Connection Log.
ÍÍ
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Definition:
Time: The start and end time of connection.
Connection Log: Event description during connection.
Download Logs
Step 1. Click Log in the menu bar on the left hand side and then select the sub-selection Connection
Log.
Step 2. In Connection Log window, click the Download Logs button.
Step 3. In the Download Logs window, save the logs to the specified location.
Clear Logs
Step 1. Click Log in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select the sub-selection Connection
Logs.
Step 2. In Connection Log window, click the Clear Logs button.
Step 3. In Clear Logs window, click OK to clear the logs or click Cancel to discard changes.
3.8.1.4 Log Backup
Click Log ÆLog Backup.
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ÍÍ
Log Mail Configuration: When the Log Mail files accumulated up to 300Kbytes, router will notify
administrator by email with the traffic log and event log.
NOTE: Before enabling this function, you have to configure E-mail Settings in System -> Settings.
Syslog Settings: If you enable this function, system will transmit the Traffic Log and the Event Log
simultaneously to the server which supports Syslog function.
NOTE: To restart Connection Log, click the Refresh button on the right hand side in Log window.
Enable Log Mail Support & Syslog Message
Log Mail Configuration /Enable Log Mail Support
Step 1. Firstly, go to Admin –Select Enable E-mail Alert Notification under E-Mail Settings. Enter the
e-mail address to receive the alarm notification. Click OK.
Step 2. Go to Log ÆLog Backup. Check enable Log Mail Support. Click OK.
Syslog Settings/Enable Syslog Message
Step 1. Check to enable Syslog Message. Enter the Host IP Address and Host Port number to send
out message to syslog server.
Step 2. Click OK.
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Disable Log Mail Support & Syslog Message
Step 1. Go to LOG ÆLog Backup. Uncheck to disable Log Mail Support. Click OK.
Step 2. Go to LOG ÆLog Backup. Uncheck to disable Settings Message. Click OK.
3.8.2 Accounting Report
Accounting Report can be divided into three parts, Setting, Outbound and Inbound.
3.8.2.1 Setting
Select Setting to configure what type of Accounting Report will be logged at CS-1000. There are three types
of report can be select: Source IP, Destination IP and Service.
Outbound Accounting Report: the statistics of the downstream and upstream for the LAN, WAN and all
kinds of communication services.
Source IP: Select to record the statistic based on Source IP address.
Destination IP: Select to record the statistic based on Destination IP address.
Service: Select to record the statistic based on Service.
Inbound Accounting Report: the statistics of downstream and upstream for all kinds of communication
services; the Inbound Accounting report will be shown when WAN host connects to LAN host via CS-1000.
Source IP: Select to record the statistic based on Source IP address.
Destination IP: Select to record the statistic based on Destination IP address.
Service: Select to record the statistic based on Service.
Administrator can use this Accounting Report to inquire the LAN IP users and WAN IP users, and to gather
the statistics of Downstream/Upstream, First packet/Last packet/Duration and the service for all the user’s IP
that passes through CS-1000.
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3.8.2.2 Outbound
Click the Accounting Report function, and then select Outbound. There are three options for outbound
acounting report: Source IP, Destination IP and Services.
ÍÍ
Outbound Source IP Accounting Report
Pull down the menu and select Source IP to show the outbound source IP accounting report.
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When LAN users connect to WAN service server through CS-1000, all of the Downstream / Upstream / First
Packet / Last Packet / Duration log of the source IP will be recorded.
Definition:
Top: Select the data type you want to check. It presents 10 results in one page.
Source IP: The LAN user’s IP address connects to CS-1000 to access WAN service server.
Downstream: The percentage of downstream and the statistic value of the connection from WAN server
to LAN user.
Upstream: The percentage of upstream and the statistic value of the connection from LAN user to WAN
server.
First Packet: The time record of the first packet that was sent to WAN service server from LAN user.
Last Packet: The time record of the last packet sent from WAN server and received by the LAN user
Duration: The time statistic record that started from the first packet and end to the last packet.
Total Traffic: CS-1000 will record the sum of upstream/downstream packets from LAN user to WAN
service server.
Reset Counters: Click Reset Counters button to refresh Accounting Report.
Outbound Destination IP Accounting Report
Pull down the menu and select Destination IP to show the outbound destination IP accounting report.
When LAN user connect to WAN service server through CS-1000, all of the Downstream / Upstream / First
Packet / Last Packet / Duration log of the Destination IP will be recorded.
Definition:
Top: Select the data type you want to check. It presents 10 results in one page.
Destination IP: The WAN Server’s IP address.
Downstream: The percentage of downstream and the statistic value of the connection from LAN user to
WAN server.
Upstream: The percentage of upstream and the statistic value of the connection from WAN server to
LAN user.
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First Packet: The time record of the first packet that was sent to LAN user from WAN service server.
Last Packet: The time record of the last packet sent from LAN user and received by the WAN server
Duration: The time statistic record that started from the first packet and end to the last packet.
Total Traffic: CS-1000 will record the sum of upstream/downstream packets from LAN user to WAN
service server.
Outbound Service Accounting Report
Pull down the menu and select Service to show the outbound service accounting report.
When LAN users connect to WAN Service Server through CS-1000, all of the Downstream / Upstream / First
Packet / Last Packet / Duration log of the Communication Service will be recorded.
Definitions:
Top: Select the data type you want to check. It presents 10 results in one page.
Service: The report of Communication Service when LAN users connect to WAN service server through
CS-1000. (Port) indicates the protocol port number.
Downstream: The percentage of downstream and the statistic value of the connection from WAN server
to LAN user.
Upstream: The percentage of upstream and the statistic value of the connection from LAN user to WAN
server.
First Packet: The time record of the first packet that was sent to WAN service server from LAN user.
Last Packet: The time record of the last packet sent from WAN server and received by the LAN user
Duration: The time statistic record that started from the first packet and end to the last packet
Total Traffic: CS-1000 will record the sum of upstream/downstream packets from LAN user to WAN
service server.
NOTE: To correctly display the pizza chart, please install the latest java VM for http://www.java.com.
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3.8.2.3 Inbound
Click the Accounting Report function, and then select Inbound. There are three options for Inbound
acounting report: Source IP, Destination IP and Service.
ÍÍ
Inbound Source IP Accounting Report
Pull down the menu and select Source IP to show the inbound source IP accounting report.
When WAN users connect to LAN service server through CS-1000, all of the Downstream / Upstream / First
Packet / Last Packet / Duration log of the source IP will be recorded.
Definitions:
Top: Select the data type you want to check. It presents 10 results in one page.
Source IP: The IP address used by WAN host.
Downstream: The percentage of Downstream and the statistic value of the connection from LAN host to
WAN host via CS-1000.
Upstream: The percentage of Upstream and the statistic value of the connection from WAN host to LAN
host via CS-1000.
First Packet: The time record of the first packet that was sent from WAN host to LAN host.
Last Packet: The time record of the last packet that sent from WAN host to LAN host.
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Duration: The time statistic record that started from the first packet and end to the last packet.
Total Traffic: CS-1000 will record the sum of upstream/downstream packets from WAN host to LAN
host.
Inbound Destination IP Accounting Report
Pull down the menu and select Destination IP to show the inbound destination IP accounting report.
When WAN host connect to LAN through CS-1000, all of the Downstream/Upstream/First Packet/Last
Packet/Duration log of the Destination IP will be recorded.
Definitions:
Top: Select the data type you want to check. It presents 10 results in one page.
Destination IP: The IP address used by LAN host.
Downstream: The percentage of Downstream and the statistic value of the connection from WAN host
to LAN host via CS-1000.
Upstream: The percentage of Upstream and the statistic value of the connection from LAN host to WAN
host via CS-1000.
First Packet: The time record of the first packet that was sent from LAN host to WAN host.
Last Packet: The time record of the last packet that sent from LAN host to WAN host.
Duration: The time statistic record that started from the first packet and end to the last packet.
Total Traffic: CS-1000 will record the sum of upstream/downstream packets from LAN host to WAN
host.
Inbound Service Accounting Report
Pull down the menu and select Service to show the inbound service accounting report.
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When WAN host connect to LAN host through CS-1000, all of the Downstream/Upstream/First Packet/Last
Packet/Duration log of the Communication Service will be recorded.
Definitions:
Top: Select the data type you want to check. It presents 10 results in one page.
Service: The report of Communication Service when WAN host connect to LAN host through CS-1000.
(Port) indicates the protocol port number.
Downstream: The percentage of Downstream and the statistic value of the connection from WAN host
to LAN host via CS1000.
Upstream: The percentage of Upstream and the statistic value of the connection from LAN host to WAN
host via CS-1000.
First Packet: The time record of the first packet that was sent to LAN host from WAN host.
Last Packet: The time record of the last packet sent to LAN host from WAN host.
Duration: The time statistic record that started from the first packet and end to the last packet
Total Traffic: CS-1000 will record the sum of upstream/downstream packets from WAN host to LAN
host.
NOTE: To correctly display the pizza chart, please install the latest java VM for http://www.java.com.
3.8.3 Statistic
In this chapter, the Administrator queries the Multi-Homing Security Gateway for statistics of packets and data
which passes across the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. The statistics provides the Administrator with
information about network traffics and network loads.
What is Statistics
Statistics are the statistics of packets that pass through the Multi-Homing Security Gateway by control policies
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setup by the Administrator.
How to use Statistics
The Administrator can get the current network status from statistics, and use the information provided by
statistics as a basis to mange networks.
How to apply WAN Statistics
The Administrator needs to go to Policy to set the network IP addresses that you want to gather statistics. In
this way, the administrator can handle the whole network condition and takes it as a basis of managing the
network.
The administrator needs to go to the Policy to set the network IP of the statistics. By the WAN statistics you
can obtain the status of the network.
3.8.3.1 WAN Statistics
Step 1. Click Statistics in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select WAN.
Step 2. The WAN Statistics will be displayed. It displays statistics of WAN network connections
(downstream and upstream as well) in a total amount by minute (60 minutes), hour (24 hours),
day (30 days), Month and Year. Select the time units (minute, hour, day, month or year) of the
graph.
Y-Coordinate: Four options are available: Total, Bits/sec, Bytes/sec, and Utilization.
X-Coordinate: Time(Minute/Hour/Day/Week/Month/Year).
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3.8.3.2 Policy Statistics
Entering the Statistics window
The Statistics window displays the statistics of current network connections.
„
Source: the name of source address.
„
Destination: the name of destination address.
„
Service: the service requested.
„
Action: permit or deny
„
Time: viewable by minutes, hours, days, week, month and year.
ÍÍ
NOTE: To use Statistics, the administrator needs to go to Policy to enable Statistics function.
Entering the Policy Statistics
Step 1. Click Statistics in the menu bar on the left hand side, and then select Policy Statistics.
Step 2. In Statistics window, find the policy you want to view
Step 3. In the Statistics window, click Minute on the right hand side, and then you will be able to view the
Statistics figure every minute; click Hour to view the Statistics figure every hour; click Day to
view the Statistics figure every day.
Y-Coordinate: There are three options: Total, Kbit/sec, Kbytes/sec.
X-Coordinate: Time (Minute/Hour/Day/Week/Month/Year).
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3.8.4 Status
In this section, the device displays the status information about the Multi-Homing Security Gateway. Status
will display the network information from the Configuration menu. The Administrator may also use Status to
check the DHCP lease time and MAC addresses for computers connected to the Multi-Homing Security
Gateway.
3.8.4.1 Interface Status
Entering the Interface Status window
Click on Status in the menu bar, then click Interface Status below it. A window will appear providing
information from the Configuration menu. Interface Status will list the settings for LAN Interface, WAN 1/2
Interface, and the DMZ Interface.
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3.8.4.2 Authentication
Entering the Auth Status window
Click on Status in the menu bar, then click Authentication below it. A window will appear and provide
information from the Auth User menu. Authentication Status will list the settings for Auth User login status.
IP Address: The IP address of the host computer.
Auth-User Name:
The Auth User Name of that host computer.
Login time: The Auth User login in time.
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3.8.4.3 ARP Table
Entering the ARP Table window
Click on Status in the menu bar, then click ARP Table below it. A window will appear displaying a table with
IP addresses and their corresponding MAC addresses. For each computer on the LAN, WAN, and DMZ
network that replies to an ARP packet, the device will list them in this ARP table.
IP Address: The IP address of the host computer
MAC Address: The MAC address of that host computer
Interface: The port that the host computer is connected to (LAN, WAN 1/2, DMZ)
3.8.4.4 DHCP Clients
Entering the DHCP Clients window
Click on Status in the menu bar, then to click on DHCP Clients below it. A window will appear displaying the
table of DHCP clients that are connected to the device. The table will list host computers on the LAN network
that obtain its IP address from the Multi-Homing Security Gateway’s DHCP server function.
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IP Address: the IP address of the LAN host computer
MAC Address: MAC address of the LAN host computer
Leased Time: The Start and End time of the DHCP lease for the LAN host computer.
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