Operating Manual for API 200W, 300W, 500W and

API-200W, 300W, 500W, 1kW-VAWT
Installation and Operation Manual
Instructions for installation, testing and maintenance
for 200W-1KW vertical axis wind turbines
About the product
This product can be used by in any areas where has good wind resource, such as building roofs in cities,
environment favorable buildings, and dependent small power stations in suburbs. It can provide stable and
reliable electricity for lighting, household electrical appliances, beacon light, microwave communication,
equipment, meters. It is ideal power supply equipment for families and companies.
Major components and working rationale
The whole unit consists of pillar, wind generator, storage batteries and inverter/controller. The Mill is pushed by
wind at speed from 4m/s to 25m/s to rotate to make the generator produce power in AC form. Then the power
will be changed into DC form by the charging controller to be saved in storage batteries. As last, DC power is
changed into standard AC power through the inverter.
Connectivity instructions
Connect the batteries in series-mounting based on different voltages with the wires provided with the storage
batteries. Then connect it with the corresponding terminal of the inverter/controller. Make sure all the contacts of
the batteries and inverters are well connected. Anode end should be connected with anode end while cathode end
should be connected with cathode end.
Installation instructions
1. How to find a good location
The product should be installed in a flat area with good wind resource, without big trees or building around.
There should not be any buildings higher than the product within 30-meter area around it.
2. How to set up the foundation
Fix the base onto the concrete foundation according to the Figure of Foundation, and adjust the base to be flat.
Curing period for the concrete foundation is 100 hours. Enough space should be given to lift the wind turbine
unit. The central point of the generator to the inverter/controller should be less than 13-14 meters.
3. How to assemble the pillar and wind generator
Assemble the pillar and pilot set up
Lift the pillar to the base of the concrete foundation, to place and to the foundation bolts, then tighten all the nuts
in turn.
Installation of the windmill
Installation process
a)Connect the base with the generator,keeping them concentric, screwing tight with hexagon head bolts(M10X25)
and spring washers(Φ10), referring to drawing 1.
Drawing 1
b)Connect the brake with the generator, also keeping them concentric, screwing tight with hexagon head bolts
(M8X16), plain washer(Φ8) and spring washer(Φ8), referring to drawing 2.
Drawing 2
c) Put the keys(6X20) into the trough of the generator, and connect the inside track with the axis of the generator,
referring to drawing 3.
Drawing 3
d)Put the keys(6X20) into trough of the axis, connect the nether flange with the main axis from the upper sleeve, and
screw tight with screws(M6), referring to drawing 4.
Drawing 4
e)Put the keys(6X20) into the trough of the axis, connecting the upper flange with the main axis, and screw tight with
screws(M6), referring to drawing 5.
Drawing 5
f)Put the main axis through the generator,and screw tight with hexagon nuts (M30), plain washer(Φ30) and spring
washer(Φ30), referring to drawing 6.
Drawing 6
g)Connect the blades with the sustaining arms, screw tight with bolts(M5X30), bolts(M5X50), spring washer(Φ5)and
locknuts (M5), referring to drawing 7. The degree of tightness is on the condition that the hoops of the sustaining
arms do not distort.
Drawing 7
h)Wipe silica gel onto the two side section of the blades, connect with the flaps and screw tight with bolts(M6X16),
plain washer (Φ6) and spring washer(Φ6), referring to drawing 8.
Drawing 8
i)Connect the blades discreteness with the upper and nether flange. Move the blades discreteness about, keeping the
blades in uprightness and parallel to the axis. Screw tight with bolts, plain washer(Φ8), spring washer(Φ8) and
locknuts(M8). The installation process refers to drawing 9.
Drawing 9
j)Screw the lifting eye bolt (M8) into the base, and lift the windmill onto the pillar by crane. Make sure the stableness
of the windmill in the process of lifting in case of overturn, referring to drawing 10.
Drawing 10
k)Connect the base with the pillar, and screw tight with bolt(M12X40), plain washer(Φ12), spring washer(Φ12)
and locknuts(M12), referring to drawing 11
Drawing 11
Installation complete, referring to drawing 12.
Drawing 12
Note:All bolt joint points must be coated with thread locking glue.
4 Testing
1. Check all the bolts before the testing to make sure they are all securely tightened.
2. Turn around the mill slightly with hands to check if there is any collision. Fix it there is.
3. For off-grid use, connect all the wires: connect the generator, controller/inverter and the storage batteries with
cables provided as shown in Drawing 13. For in-grid use, connect the generator, controller/inverter and grid as
shown in Drawing 14.
To avoid danger and accident, installation should not be conducted when there is strong wind.
Off grid system connecting
Drawing 13
On grid system connecting
Drawing 14
Instructions on maintenance
1. Appropriate and timely maintenance of the system is directly related to the performance
and life cycle of it. Key points are:
a) Inspect, clean and lubricate all the rotating parts once a year.
b) Clean, derust and paint all the exposed parts in every two years.
c) Frequently check the tension of the cables of the pillar. When any of them get loose, they should be fastened
2. Other reminders:
a) Use brake to stop the turbine working when the wind speed is over 25m/s.
b) Inverter/controller should be placed in a dry, ventilated and non-polluted environment. Read carefully the
manual of the controller and the inverter.
c) The storage batteries will leak certain amount of caustic gas, so they should be placed in a ventilated area
without flames.
d) It is forbidden to leave anything on the terminals of the storage batteries to prevent short circuits.
1. Fastened parts are getting loose
2. Connection between the bearing of
the generator and the base is getting
3. The bearing of the generator has been
4. Mill rubs with other parts
5. Rotor and stator rubs with each other
1. Check the loose parts and fasten again
2. Find out the exact point and fix it
Rotating speed of the mill is
obviously decreasing
1. Rotor and stator rubs with each other
2. Short circuit occurred in rotor
3. The Switch is in the Off position
1. Disassemble the generator to restore
the specification data in the magnet.
2. Find out the point with short circuit to
peel off and insulate
3. Put the switch into On
Output voltage is low
1. Rotating speed of the generator is
2. Permanent magnet rotor is
3. Short circuit exists in the stator
4. Slip ring in power transfer and joints
of output wires are not conducted
5. Low voltage power line too long,
wire too slim
1. Find the causes to restore the normal
2. Change the rotor
No output currents from the
1. Output wire is broken
2. Stator winding burned and caused
1. Find out the point and reconnect
2.disassemble and fix
AC output is, but no DC
1. DC safety belt broken
1. Change the safety belt
Abnormal noise
3. Change the bearing
4. Inspect and fix it
5. Repair the rubbing points
3. Find out the point, and paint it to
4. Clean the slip ring and joints to
decrease contact ring brush
5. Shorten the wire or enlarge the wire
diameter to decrease lost in transferring
2. Output wire is broken
3. Rectifier is damaged
2. Find out the point and reconnect
3. Change the rectifier
Output capacity of the
storage batteries is not
1. Output voltage is too low from the
generator, or no power
2. Terminals of the storage batteries are
acid etching, conductance broken
3. Storage batteries expired
1. Refer to the solutions for Problem 3
2. Clean the joints, fasten the connection
and apply protection oil
3. Change the batteries
Warranty statement
1. Warranty period is one years starting from the date in the shipping bills. Warranty Card and shipping bills will
be required for warranty services.
2. In the warranty period, any of the below problems occurred due to manufacturing quality, exchange for new
parts and reparation is free.
a) With normal use of the product, power generating is abnormal due to rotor stopping working, short circuit in
stator, the generator will be replaced.
b) With normal use of the product, brokenness happened on exterior shell of the generator and the base which
may affect the performance of the system. The part will be replaced.
c) With normal use of the product, blades that fell over will be replaced.
d) With normal use of the product, because of quality reason, the weight-holding part of the pillar has tip off,
it will be replaced or repaired at the option of Aeolus.
3. Aeolus will charge for repair and replacement of parts when warranty does not cover any other problems
including those that arise as a result of,
a) Components fall down or damaged because animals bump, bite, push or pull the pillar, cables and other parts.
b) Damages to the blades because stopping the mill in wrong measures, e.g., with a wood pole to stop the
blades. Or some parts get broken because of improper operating when the system is running at a high speed.
c) Problems occurred because moving the product or changing the installation methods and locations at one
own will.
d) Damages due to force majeure, e.g., earthquake, sand storm, strong hail, hurricane, typhoon, thunder strike,
replace and repair will be charged.
We guarantee our equipment can be used at least 20 years when it has been used normally.
Note: Make sure that you install the turbine when the wind speed is under 7m/s.