null  null
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System Generation 2
(PP COS G2)
BSI-CC-PP-0082
Approved by the
Federal Office of Information Security
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Version 1.0, 23rd August 2013
BSI-CC-PP-0082
Foreword
This Protection Profile ‘Card Operating System (PP COS)’ is issued by Bundesamt für Sicherheit in
der Informationstechnik, Germany.
The document has been prepared as a Protection Profile (PP) following the rules and formats of
Common Criteria version 3.1 [1], [2], [3], Revision 4.
Correspondence and comments to this Protection Profile should be referred to:
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (BSI)
Godesberger Allee 185-189
53175 Bonn
Telefon:
Telefax:
E-Mail:
+49 2 28 99 95 82-0
+49 2 28 99 95 82-54 00
[email protected]
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Document history
Version
1.0
Date
23rd August 2013
Changes
Commentary
Final version for evaluation
Current Version: 1.0 (23rd August 2013)
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
Contents
1
PP Introduction
9
1.1
PP reference
9
1.2
TOE Overview
9
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4
TOE definition and operational usage
TOE major security features for operational use
TOE type
Non-TOE hardware/software/firmware
9
10
10
11
2
Conformance Claims
13
2.1
CC Conformance Claim
13
2.2
PP Claim
13
2.3
Package Claim
13
2.4
Conformance Claim Rationale
13
2.5
Conformance statement
14
3
Security Problem Definition
15
3.1
Assets and External Entities
15
3.2
Threats
16
3.3
Organisational Security Policies
18
3.4
Assumptions
19
4
Security Objectives
21
4.1
Security Objectives for the TOE
21
4.2
Security Objectives for Operational Environment
23
4.3
Security Objective Rationale
24
5
Extended Components Definition
29
5.1
Definition of the Family FCS_RNG Generation of Random Numbers
29
5.2
Definition of the Family FIA_API
30
5.3
Definition of the Family FPT_EMS TOE Emanation
30
5.4
Definition of the Family FPT_ITE TSF image export
31
6
Security Requirements
33
6.1
Security Functional Requirements for the TOE
33
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.1.3
6.1.4
6.1.5
6.1.6
6.1.7
Overview
Users, subjects and objects
Security Functional Requirements for the TOE taken over from BSI-PP-0035
General Protection of User data and TSF data
Authentication
Access Control
Cryptographic Functions
34
35
48
49
53
60
81
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6.1.8 Protection of communication
6.2 Security Assurance Requirements for the TOE
90
91
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.2.6
6.2.7
6.3
92
93
94
94
94
95
95
95
Refinements of the TOE Assurance Requirements
Refinements to ADV_ARC.1 Security architecture description
Refinements to ADV_FSP.4 Complete functional specification
Refinement to ADV_IMP.1
Refinements to AGD_OPE.1 Operational user guidance
Refinements to ATE_FUN.1 Functional tests
Refinements to ATE_IND.2 Independent testing – sample
Security Requirements Rationale
6.3.1 Security Functional Requirements Rationale
6.3.2 Rationale for SFR’s Dependencies
6.3.3 Security Assurance Requirements Rationale
96
102
107
7
Package Crypto Box
109
7.1
TOE Overview
109
7.2
Security Problem Definition
109
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
7.3
Assets
Threats
Organisational Security Policies
Assumptions
Security Objectives
109
109
109
109
110
7.4
Security Requirements for Package Crypto Box
110
8
Package Contactless
117
8.1
TOE Overview
117
8.2
Security Problem Definition
117
8.2.1
8.2.2
8.2.3
8.2.4
8.3
Assets
Threats
Organisational Security Policies
Assumptions
Security Objectives
117
118
118
118
118
8.4
Security Requirements for Package Contactless
119
9
Package Logical Channel
134
9.1
TOE Overview
134
9.2
Security Problem Definition
134
9.2.1
9.2.2
9.2.3
9.2.4
9.3
Assets
Threats
Organisational Security Policies
Assumptions
Security Objectives
134
134
134
134
135
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9.4
Security Requirements for Package Logical Channel
135
10
Annex: Composite Evaluation of Smart Cards as Signature Products based on COS Smart Card
Platforms (Informative)
140
10.1 Smart Cards as Secure Signature-creation Devices based COS (Informative)
140
10.1.1 eHC as SSCD
141
10.1.2 eHPC as SSCD
142
10.2 Smart Cards as Part of Signature-creation Application based on COS Smart Card Platforms
(Informative)
147
10.2.1 gSMC-KT as part of Electronic Health Card Terminal
10.2.2 gSMC-K as part of the SCA of the Konnektor
147
148
11
Acronyms
149
12
Bibliography
151
List of Tables
Table 1: Mapping between options and packages. ................................................................................ 11
Table 2: Data objects to be protected by the TOE as primary assets ..................................................... 15
Table 3: External entities ....................................................................................................................... 16
Table 4: Overview of threats defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] and taken over into this PP. ...................... 16
Table 5: Overview of OSP defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] and taken over into this PP. ......................... 18
Table 6: Overview of assumptions defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] and implemented by the TOE. ........ 19
Table 7: Overview of Security Objectives for the TOE defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] and taken over
into this PP. ..................................................................................................................................... 21
Table 8: Overview of Security Objectives for the Operational Environment defined in BSI-PP0035 [11] and taken over into this PP. ............................................................................................ 24
Table 9: Security Objective Rationale related to the IC platform.......................................................... 25
Table 10: Security Objective Rationale for the COS part of the TOE ................................................... 27
Table 11: Security functional groups vs. SFRs related to the IC platform ............................................ 34
Table 12: Security functional groups vs. SFRs...................................................................................... 34
Table 13: TSF Data defined for the IC part ........................................................................................... 35
Table 14: Authentication reference data of the human user and security attributes .............................. 36
Table 15: Authentication reference data of the devices and security attributes ..................................... 38
Table 16: Authentication verification data of the TSF and security attributes ...................................... 38
Table 17: Security attributes of a subject............................................................................................... 41
Table 18: Subjects, objects, operations and security attributes. The references refer to [21]. ............... 44
Table 19: Mapping between commands described in COS specification [21] and the SFR ................. 47
Table 20: Mapping between SFR names in this PP and the SFR names in the BSI-PP-0035 [11] ....... 49
Table 21: Assurance components .......................................................................................................... 92
Table 22: Refined TOE assurance requirements ................................................................................... 93
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Table 23: Coverage of Security Objectives for the TOE IC part by SFR .............................................. 96
Table 24: Mapping between security objectives for the TOE and SFR................................................. 98
Table 25: Dependencies of the SFR .................................................................................................... 107
Table 26: SAR Dependencies .............................................................................................................. 108
Table 27: Authentication Data of the COS with package crypto box .................................................. 110
Table 28: Mapping between security objectives for the TOE and SFR for package Cryptobox ......... 115
Table 29: Dependencies of the SFRs ................................................................................................... 116
Table 30: Authentication Data of the COS with package contactless ................................................. 119
Table 31: Mapping between security objectives for the TOE and SFR for package Contactless
Interface......................................................................................................................................... 130
Table 32: Dependencies of the SFRs ................................................................................................... 133
Table 33: Mapping between security objectives for the TOE and SFR for the package Logical
Channels ........................................................................................................................................ 138
Table 34: Dependencies of the SFRs ................................................................................................... 139
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
Version 1.0, 23rd August 2013
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1 PP Introduction
1
This section provides document management and overview information required to register the
protection profile and to enable a potential user of the PP to determine, whether the PP is of
interest.
1.1 PP reference
2
Title:
Sponsor:
Editor(s):
CC Version:
Assurance Level:
General Status:
Version Number:
Registration:
Keywords:
Protection Profile ‘Card Operating System Generation 2 (PP COS G2)’
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (BSI)
T-Systems GEI GmbH
3.1 (Revision 4)
Assurance level for this Protection Profile is EAL4 augmented with
ALC_DVS.2, ATE_DPT.2 and AVA_VAN.5 (refer to section 6.3.3 for
more detail)
final
1.0 as of 23rd August 2013
BSI-CC-PP-0082
Gesundheitskarte, card operating system
1.2 TOE Overview
1.2.1 TOE definition and operational usage
3
The Target of Evaluation (TOE) addressed by the current protection profile is a smart card
platform implementing the Card Operating System (COS) according [21] without any object
system. The TOE shall comprise at least
i)
the Security platform IC, i.e. the circuitry of the chip incl. the configuration data and
initialisation data related to the security functionality of the chip and - if delivered - IC
Dedicated Software1 with the configuration data and initialisation data related to IC
Dedicated Software (the integrated circuit, IC),
ii) the IC Embedded Software (Card Operating System, COS)2,
iii) the wrapper for interpretation of exported TSF data,
iv) the associated guidance documentation.
4
The TSF of the TOE defined in a ST claiming conformance to this PP shall comprise all security
functionality available after delivery of the TOE including vendor specific commands for
initialization, personalization and operational usage allowed but not described in the specification
of the COS [21].
1
usually preloaded (and often security certified) by the Chip Manufacturer
2
usually – together with IC – completely implementing executable functions
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5
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
The TOE does not include the object system, i. e. the application specific structures like the
Master File (MF), the Folder (DF3), Elementary Files (EF) and internal security objects4
including TSF data. The TOE and the application specific object system build an initialized smart
card product like an electronic Health Card (eHC [22]), a Professional Health Card (eHPC [23])
or a Secure Module Card Type B (SMC-B [24]), K (SMC-K [25]) and KT (SMC-KT [26]).
1.2.2 TOE major security features for operational use
6
This smart card platform provides the following main security functionality:
– authentication of human user and external devices,
– storage of and access control on user data,
– key management and cryptographic functions,
– management of TSF data including life cycle support,
– export of non-confidential TSF data of the object systems if implemented.
1.2.3 TOE type
7
The TOE type is a smart card without the application named as a whole ‘Card Operating System
Card Platform’.
8
The export of non-confidential TSF data of the object systems supports verification of correct
implementation of the object system of the smart card during manufacturing and test. The
exported TSF data include all access control attributes of all objects but excludes any confidential
authentication data. The wrapper provides communication interfaces between the COS and the
verification tool. The verification tool sends commands for the COS through the wrapper. The
COS may export the TSF data in a vendor specific format but the wrapper shall encode the data
into standardized format for export to the verification tool. The verification tool compares the
response of the smart card with the object system definition. Details of the interface will be
described in the BSI Technical Guidance TR-03143 „eHealth G2-COS Konsistenz-Prüftool“.
9
The typical life cycle phases for the current TOE type are IC and Smartcard embedded software
development, manufacturing5, smartcard product finishing6, smartcard personalisation and,
finally, smartcard end-usage as defined in [10]. The TOE should be delivered with completely
installed COS. Any patches of the COS may be delivered to Smart Card Integrator for completion
of COS installation. Any smartcard embedded software loaded after these processes
(i)
changes the TOE if is part of the COS, or
(ii)
is outside the TOE if is not part of the COS, and evidence shall be provided that
this executable code cannot affect the security of the TOE.
Operational use of the TOE is explicitly in the focus of current PP. Some single properties of the
manufacturing and the card issuing life cycle phases being significant for the security of the TOE
in its operational phase are also considered by the current PP. A security evaluation / certification
being conform with this PP will have to involve all life cycle phases into consideration to the
3
The abbreviation DF is commonly used for dedicated files, application and application dedicated files, which
are folders with different methods of identification, cf. [21], sec. 8.1.1 and 8.3.1.
4
containing passwords, private keys etc.
5
IC manufacturing, packaging and testing
6
including installation of the object system
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extent as required by the assurance package chosen here for the TOE (see chap. 2.3 ‘Package
Claim’ below).
1.2.4 Non-TOE hardware/software/firmware
10 In order to be powered up and to communicate with the ‘external world’ the TOE needs a
terminal (card reader) with contacts [28] or supporting the contactless communication according
to [43].
11 The specification [21] defines the options “crypto box”, “contactless”, “logical channel”, and
“USB” which the TOE may implement. The PP takes account of these options in the following
sections:
Option /
Package
crypto box
Package
crypto box
contactless
contactless
logical
channel
USB
logical channel
-
Remark
Defines additional cryptographic mechanisms (see
chapter 7).
Defines additional mechanisms mostly used for
contactless interfaces, i.e. PACE. The COS has to
detect by itself whether the underlying chip uses a
contact based or contactless interface and has to
apply interface depended access rules (see
chapter 8).
Defines additional mechanisms for the support of
logical channels (see chapter 9).
Defines additional communication support on the
lower layers. This option does not contain any
security related details and is therefore only listed
for the sake of completeness.
Table 1: Mapping between options and packages.
12 The Common Criteria for IT Security Evaluation, Version 3.1, Revision 4, defines a package as a
set of SFR or SAR. This approach does not necessarily fit for description of extended TSF due to
extended functionality of the TOE by means of packages. Therefore it was decided to provide an
extension of the Security Problem Definition, the Security Objectives, and the Security
Requirements as well as for the corresponding rationales for each defined package.
13 If the TOE implements one of these options the ST writer must integrate the corresponding
package definition with the update of the Security Problem Definition, Security Objectives, and
the Security Requirements defined in that package into the ST. Additionally all rationales must be
taken over into the ST.
14 Application note 1: The ST writer must describe in the chapter Conformance Claim, section
Package claim which package was chosen and in section Conformance Rationale how these
package are integrated in the ST.
15 Application note 2: The PP is written from the security point of view. In some cases this can
result in different interpretations how security is enforced. For example from the implementation
point of view the command ENABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT changes a security state
within the memory of the TOE. From the security point of view the change of the security state
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results in a change of the access rules. The PP describes rather the requirements for the security
behaviour and does not focus on the implementation details claimed by [21]. The ST writer and
the developer reading this PP should therefore keep in mind that the PP abstracts from the
implementation.
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2 Conformance Claims
2.1 CC Conformance Claim
16 This protection profile claims conformance to
Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Part 1: Introduction and
General Model; CCMB-2012-09-001, Version 3.1, Revision 4, September 2012 [1]
Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Part 2: Security Functional
Components; CCMB-2012-09-002, Version 3.1, Revision 4, September 2012 [2]
Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Part 3: Security assurance
components; CCMB-2012-09-003, Version 3.1, Revision 4, September 2012 [3]
as follows
-
Part 2 extended,
-
Part 3 conformant.
17 The
Common Methodology for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Evaluation
Methodology; CCMB-2012-09-004, Version 3.1, Revision 4, September 2012, [4]
has to be taken into account.
2.2 PP Claim
18 This PP claims strict conformance to protection profile BSI-PP-0035 [11].
2.3 Package Claim
19 The current PP is conformant to the following security requirements package: Assurance package
EAL4 augmented with ALC_DVS.2, ATE_DPT.2 and AVA_VAN.5 as defined in the CC,
part 3 [3].
2.4 Conformance Claim Rationale
20 This PP claims strict conformance to the BSI-PP-0035 [11].
21 From the Security Problem Definition (see section 3: “Security Problem Definition” [11]) of BSIPP-0035 the threats (see section 3.2 “Threats” [11]) and the Organisational Security Policies (see
section 3.3 “Organisational Security Policies” [11]) are taken over into this Protection Profile.
Namely the following threats are taken over: T.Leak-Inherent, T.Phys-Probing, T.Malfunction,
T.Phys-Manipulation, T.Leak-Forced, T.Abuse-Func, T.RND. The OSP P.Process-TOE is also
taken over from BSI-PP-0035. See section 3.2 and 3.3 for more details.
22 The assumptions A.Process-Sec-IC, A.Plat-Appl and A.Resp-Appl defined in the BSI-PP0035 [11] address the operational environment of the Security IC, i.e. the COS part of the current
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TOE and the operational environment of the current TOE. The aspects of these assumptions are
relevant for the COS part of the current TOE, address the development process of the COS and
are evaluated according to composite evaluation approach [8]. Therefore these assumptions are
now refined in order to address the assumptions about the operational environment of the current
TOE (cf. chapter 3.4 for details).
23 The Security Objectives for the Security IC as defined in the BSI-PP-0035 O.Leak-Inherent,
O.Phy-Probing, O.Malfunction, O.Phys-Manipulation, O.Leak-Forced, O.Abuse-Func,
O.Identification, O.RND are included as security objectives for the current TOE. Security
Objectives for the Environment OE.Resp-Appl defined in the BSI-PP-0035 is split into the
security objective O_Resp_Appl for the COS part of the TOE and OE.Resp-ObjS for the object
system in the operational environment of the TOE. The security objective for the environment
OE.Plat-Appl defined in the BSI-PP-0035 is ensured by the COS part of the TOE and verified in
the composite evaluation process. It results in a similar security objective for the object system in
the operational environment of the TOE OE.Plat-COS. OE.Process-Sec-IC defined in the BSI-PP0035 is completely ensured by the assurance class ALC of the TOE up to Phase 5 and addressed
by OE.Process-Card. See chapter 4 for more details.
24 All Security Functional Requirements with existing refinements are taken over from the BSI-PP0035 into this PP by iterations indicated by “/SICP”. Namely this are the following SFR:
FRU_FLT.2/SICP, FPT_FLS.1/SICP, FMT_LIM.1/SICP, FMT_LIM.2/SICP, FAU_SAS.1/SICP,
FPT_PHP.3/SICP, FDP_ITT.1/SICP, FPT_ITT.1/SICP, FDP_IFC.1/SICP, FCS_RNG.1/SCIP.
See section 6.1 for more details.
25 The assurance package claim is EAL4 augmented with ALC_DVS.2, ATE_DPT.2 and
AVA_VAN.5. For rationale of the augmantations see section 6.3.3.
26 The refinements of the Security Assurance Requirements made in BSI-PP-0035 are taken over in
this Protection Profile and must be applied to the Security platform IC.
27 As all important parts of the BSI-PP-0035 are referred in a way that these are part of this
Protection Profile the rationales still hold. Please refer sections 4.3 and 6.3 for further details.
28 Therefore the strict conformance with the BSI-PP-0035 [11] is fulfilled by this Protection Profile.
2.5 Conformance statement
29 This PP requires strict conformance of any ST or PP claiming conformance to this PP.
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3 Security Problem Definition
3.1 Assets and External Entities
30 As defined in section 1.2.1 the TOE is a smart card platform implementing the Card Operating
System (COS) according [21] without any object system. In sense of the BSI-PP-0035 [11] the
COS is User Data and Security IC Embedded Software.
31 In section 3.1 “Description of Assets” in the BSI-PP-0035 a high level description (in sense of
this PP) of the assets (related to standard functionality) is given. Please refer there for a long
description. Namely these assets are
the User Data,
the Security IC Embedded Software, stored and in operation,
the security services provided by the TOE for the Security IC Embedded Software, and
the random numbers produced by the IC platform.
32 In this Protection Profile these assets and the protection requirements of these assets are refined
because
the User Data defined in the BSI-PP-0035 are User data or TSF Data in the context of the
current PP,
Security IC Embedded Software is part of the current TOE,
the security services provided by the TOE for the Security IC Embedded Software are part of
the current TSF and
the random numbers produced by the IC platform are internally used by the TSF.
33 The primary assets are User Data to be protected by the COS as long as they are in scope of the
TOE and the security services provided by the TOE.
Asset
User data in EF
Secret keys
Private keys
Public keys
Definition
Data for the user stored in elementary files of the file hierarchy.
Symmetric cryptographic key generated as result of mutual authentication
and used for encryption and decryption of user data.
Confidential asymmetric cryptographic key of the user used for
decryption and computation of digital signature.
Integrity protected public asymmetric cryptographic key of the user used
for encryption and verification of digital signatures and permanently
stored on the TOE or provided to the TOE as parameter of the command.
Table 2: Data objects to be protected by the TOE as primary assets
34 Note: elementary files (EF) may be stored in the MF, any DF, or Application and Application
Dedicated File. The place of an EF in the file hierarchy defines features of the User Data stored in
the EF. User data does not affect the operation of the TSF (cf. CC part 1, para. 100).
Cryptographic keys used by the TSF to verify authentication attempts of external entities (i.e.
authentication reference data) including the verification of Card Verifiable Certificates (CVC) or
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authenticate itself to external entities by generation of authentication verification data in a
cryptographic protocol are TSF data (cf. Tables 13, 14 and 17)
35 This protection profile considers the following external entities:
External entity
Definition
World
Any user independent on identification or successful authentication7.
Human User
A person authenticated by password or PUC.
Device
An external device authenticated by cryptographic operation
Table 3: External entities8
3.2 Threats
36 This section describes the threats to be averted by the TOE independently or in collaboration with
its IT environment. These threats result from the assets protected by the TOE and the method of
TOE’s use in the operational environment.
37 The following threats are defined in the BSI-PP-0035 [11]: T.Leak-Inherent, T.Phys-Probing,
T.Malfunction, T.Phys-Manipulation, T.Leak-Forced, T.Abuse-Func, T.RND. All threats are part
of this Protection Profile and taken over into this PP. Please refer BSI-PP-0035 for further
descriptions and the details. Table 4 lists all threats taken over with the corresponding reference.
Threat name
T.Leak-Inherent
T.Phys-Probing
T.Malfunction
T.Phys-Manipulation
T.Leak-Forced
T.Abuse-Func
T.RND
Reference to
paragraph in [11]
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
Short description
Inherent Information Leakage
Physical Probing
Malfunction due to Environmental Stress
Physical Manipulation
Forced Information Leakage
Abuse of Functionality
Deficiency of Random Numbers
Table 4: Overview of threats defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] and taken over into this PP.
38 The TOE shall avert the threat “Forge of User or TSF data (T.Forge_Internal_Data)” as specified
below.
7
The user World corresponds to the access condition ALWAYS in [21]. An authenticated Human User or
Device is allowed to use the right assigned for World.
8
This table defines external entities and subjects in the sense of [1]. Subjects can be recognised by the TOE
independent of their nature (human or technical user). As result of an appropriate identification and
authentication process, the TOE creates – for each of the respective external entity – an ‘image’ inside and
‘works’ then with this TOE internal image (also called subject in [1]). From this point of view, the TOE itself
perceives only ‘subjects’ and, for them, does not differ between ‘subjects’ and ‘external entities’. There is no
dedicated subject with the role ‘attacker’ within the current security policy, whereby an attacker might
‘capture’ any subject role recognised by the TOE.
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T.Forge_Internal_Data
Forge of User or TSF data
An attacker with high attack potential tries to forge internal
user data or TSF data.
This threat comprises several attack scenarios of smart card
forgery. The attacker may try to alter the user data e.g. to add
user data in elementary files. The attacker may misuse the TSF
management function to change the user authentication data to
a known value.
39 The TOE shall avert the threat “Compromise of confidential User or TSF data
(T.Compromise_Internal_Data)” as specified below.
T.Compromise_Internal_D
ata
Compromise of confidential User or TSF data
An attacker with high attack potential tries to compromise
confidential user data or TSF data through the communication
interface of the TOE.
This threat comprises several attack scenarios e.g. guessing of
the user authentication data (password) or reconstruction the
private decipher key using the response code for chosen cipher
texts (like Bleichenbacher attack for the SSL protocol
implementation), e.g. to add keys for decipherment. The
attacker may misuse the TSF management function to change
the user authentication data to a known value.
40 The TOE shall avert the threat “Misuse of TOE functions (T.Misuse)” as specified below.
T.Misuse
Misuse of TOE functions
An attacker with high attack potential tries to use the TOE
functions to gain access to the access control protected assets
without knowledge of user authentication data or any implicit
authorization.
This threat comprises several attack scenarios e.g. the attacker
may try circumvent the user authentication to use signing
functionality without authorization. The attacker may try to
alter the TSF data e.g. to extend the user rights after successful
authentication.
41 The TOE shall avert the threat “Malicious Application (T.Malicious_Application)” as specified
below.
T.Malicious_Application
Malicious Application
An attacker with high attack potential tries to use the TOE
functions to install an additional malicious application in order
to compromise or alter User Data or TSF data.
42 The TOE shall avert the threat “Cryptographic attack against the implementation (T.Crypto)” as
specified below.
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Cryptographic attack against the implementation
An attacker with high attack potential tries to launch a
cryptographic attack against the implementation of the
cryptographic algorithms or tries to guess keys using a bruteforce attack on the function inputs.
This threat comprises several attack scenarios e.g. an attacker
may try to foresee the output of a random number generator in
order to get a session key. An attacker may try to use leakage
during cryptographic operation in order to use SPA, DPA, DFA
or EMA techniques in order to compromise the keys or to get
knowledge of other sensitive TSF or User data. Furthermore an
attacker could try guessing the key by using a brute-force
attack.
43 The TOE shall avert the threat “Interception of Communication (T.Intercept)” as specified below.
T.Intercept
Interception of Communication
An attacker with high attack potential tries to intercept the
communication between the TOE and an external entity, to
forge, to delete or to add other data to the transmitted sensitive
data.
This threat comprises several attack scenarios. An attacker may
try to read or forge data during transmission in order to add
data to a record or to gain access to authentication data.
44 The TOE shall avert the threat “Wrong Access Rights for User Data or TSF Data
(T.WrongRights)” as specified below.
T.WrongRights
Wrong Access Rights for User Data or TSF Data
An attacker with high attack potential executes undocumented
or inappropriate access rights defined in object system and
compromises or manipulate sensitive User data or TSF data.
3.3 Organisational Security Policies
45 The TOE and/or its environment shall comply with the following Organisational Security Policies
(OSP) as security rules, procedures, practices, or guidelines imposed by an organisation upon its
operation.
46 The following OSP is defined in the BSI-PP-0035 [11]. That OSP is part of this Protection Profile
and is taken over into this PP for the current TOE. Note the current PP includes the embedded
software which is not a part of TOE defined in the BSI-PP-0035 [11]. Please refer BSI-PP-0035
for further descriptions and the details. Table 5 lists all OSP taken over with the corresponding
reference.
OSP name
P.Process-TOE
Short description
Protection during TOE
Development and Production
Reference to paragraph in [11]
86
Table 5: Overview of OSP defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] and taken over into this PP.
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3.4 Assumptions
47 The assumptions describe the security aspects of the environment in which the TOE will be used
or is intended to be used.
48 The assumptions defined in the BSI-PP-0035 [11] address the operational environment of the
Security IC, i.e. the COS part of the current TOE and the operational environment of the current
TOE. The aspects of these assumptions, which are relevant for the COS part of the current TOE,
address the development process of the current TOE and are evaluated according to composite
evaluation approach [8]. Therefore these assumptions are now refined in order to address the
assumptions about the operational environment of the current TOE. The Table 6 lists and maps
these assumptions for the operational environment with the corresponding reference.
Assumptions
defined in
[11]
Reference to
paragraph in
[11]
A.ProcessSec-IC
91
Refined
assumptions for
the operational
environment of
the current TOE
A.Process-Sec-SC
A.Plat-Appl
93
removed
A.Resp-Appl
95
A.Resp-ObjS
Rationale of the changes
While the TOE of BSI-PP-0035 is
delivered after Phase 3 IC manufactioring
and Testing or Phase or Phase 4 IC
Packaging the current TOE is delivered
after Phase 5 Composite Product
Integration before Phase 6
Personalisation. The protection during
Phase 4 may and during Phase 5 shall be
addressed by security of the development
environment of the current TOE. Only
protection during Personalisation is in
responsibility of the operational
environment.
Usage of Hardware Platform as TOE of
BSI-PP-0035 as addressed by A.PlatAppl is covered by ADV class related to
COS as part of the current TOE.
The user data of the TOE of BSI-PP-0035
are the Security IC Embedded Software,
i.e. the COS part of the TOE, the TSF
data of the current TOE and the user data
of the COS. The object system contains
the TSF data and defines the security
attributes of the user data of the current
TOE.
Table 6: Overview of assumptions defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] and implemented by the
TOE.
49 The developer of applications for COS must ensure the appropriate “A.Process-Sec-SC
(Protection during Personalisation)” after delivery of the TOE.
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Protection during Personalisation
It is assumed that security procedures are used after delivery
of the TOE by the TOE Manufacturer up to delivery to the
end-consumer to maintain confidentiality and integrity of the
TOE and of its manufacturing and test data (to prevent any
possible copy, modification, retention, theft or unauthorised
use).
50 The developer of applications for COS must ensure the appropriate “Usage of COS (A.PlatCOS)” while developing the application.
A.Plat-COS
Usage of COS
An object system designed for the TOE meets the following
documents: (i) TOE guidance documents (refer to the
Common Criteria assurance class AGD) such as the user
guidance, and the application notes, and (ii) findings of the
TOE evaluation reports relevant for the COS as documented
in the certification report.
51 The developer of applications for COS must ensure the appropriate “Treatment of User Data by
the Object System (A.Resp-ObjS)” while developing the application.
A.Resp-ObjS
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Treatment of User Data by the Object System
All User Data and TSF Data of the TOE are treated in the
object system as defined for its specific application context.
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4 Security Objectives
52 This chapter describes the security objectives for the TOE and the security objectives for the TOE
environment.
4.1 Security Objectives for the TOE
53 The following TOE security objectives address the protection provided by the TOE.
54 The following Security Objectives for the TOE are defined in the BSI-PP-0035 [11]. The Security
Objectives for the TOE are part of this Protection Profile and are taken over into this PP. Please
refer BSI-PP-0035 for further descriptions and the details. Table 6 lists all Security Objectives
taken over with the corresponding reference.
Security Objectives
name
O.Leak-Inherent
O.Phy-Probing
O.Malfunction
O.Phys-Manipulation
O.Leak-Forced
O.Abuse-Func
O.Identification
O.RND
Short description
Protection against Inherent Information Leakage
Protection against Physical Probing
Protection against Malfunctions
Protection against Physical Manipulation
Protection against Forced Information Leakage
Protection against Abuse of Functionality
TOE Identification
Random Numbers
Reference to
paragraph in [11]
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
Table 7: Overview of Security Objectives for the TOE defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] and taken
over into this PP.
55 Additionally the following Security Objectives for the TOE are defined:
56 The TOE shall provide “Integrity of internal data (O.Integrity)” as specified below.
O.Integrity
Integrity of internal data
The TOE must ensure the integrity of the User Data, the
security services and the TSF data under the TSF scope of
control.
57 The TOE shall provide “Confidentiality of internal data (O.Confidentiality)” as specified below.
O.Confidentiality
Confidentiality of internal data
The TOE must ensure the confidentiality of private keys and
other confidential User Data and confidential TSF data
especially the authentication data, under the TSF scope of
control against attacks with high attack potential.
58 The TOE shall provide a “Treatment of User and TSF Data (O.Resp-COS)” as specified below.
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Treatment of User and TSF Data
The User Data and TSF data (especially cryptographic keys)
are treated by the COS as defined by the TSF data of the object
system.
59 The TOE shall provide “Support of TSF data export (O.TSFDataExport)” as specified below.
O.TSFDataExport
Support of TSF data export
The TOE must provide correct export of TSF data of the object
system excluding confidential TSF data for external review.
60 The TOE shall provide “Authentication of external entities (O.Authentication)” as specified
below.
O.Authentication
Authentication of external entities
The TOE supports the authentication of human users and
external devices. The TOE is able to authenticate itself to
external entities.
61 The TOE shall provide “Access Control for Objects (O.AccessControl)” as specified below.
O.AccessControl
Access Control for Objects
The TOE must enforce that only authenticated entities with
sufficient access control rights can access restricted objects and
services. The access control policy of the TOE must bind the
access control right of an object to authenticated entities. The
TOE must provide management functionality for access control
rights of objects.
62 The TOE shall provide “Generation and import of keys (O.KeyManagement)” as specified below.
O.KeyManagement
Generation and import of keys
The TOE must enforce the secure generation, import,
distribution, access control and destruction of cryptographic
keys. The TOE must support the public key import from and
export to a public key infrastructure.
63 The TOE shall provide “Cryptographic functions (O.Crypto)” as specified below.
O.Crypto
Cryptographic functions
The TOE must provide cryptographic services by
implementation of secure cryptographic algorithms for hashing,
key generation, data confidentiality by symmetric and
asymmetric encryption and decryption, data integrity protection
by symmetric MAC and asymmetric signature algorithms, and
cryptographic protocols for symmetric and asymmetric entity
authentication.
64 The TOE shall provide a “Secure messaging (O.SecureMessaging)” as specified below.
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O.SecureMessaging
Secure messaging
The TOE supports secure messaging for protection of the
confidentiality and the integrity of the commands received from
successful authenticated device and sending responses to this
device on demand of the external application. The TOE enforces
the use of secure messaging for receiving commands if defined
by access condition of an object.
4.2 Security Objectives for Operational Environment
65 This section describes the security objectives for the operational environment enforced by the
Security IC Embedded Software.
66 The following security objectives for the operational environment of the security IC are defined
in the BSI-PP-0035 [11]. The operational environment of the Security IC as TOE in the BSI-PP0035 comprises the COS part of the current TOE and the operational environment of the current
TOE. Therefore these security objectives of the operational environment are split and refined. The
aspects relevant for the COS part of the current TOE shall be fulfilled in the development process
of the COS and evaluated according to composite evaluation approach [8]. The remaining aspects
of the security objectives for the operational environment defined in the BSI-PP-0035 are
addressed in new security objectives for the operational environment of the current PP. The table
8 lists and maps these security objectives for the operational environment with the corresponding
reference.
Security Objectives
for the operational
environment
defined in [11]
Reference to
paragraph
in [11]
OE.Plat-Appl
109
Refined security
objectives for the
operational
environment of the
current TOE
removed
OE.Resp-Appl
110
OE.Resp-ObjS
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Rationale of the changes
OE.Plat-Appl requires the
Security IC Embedded Software
to meet the guidance documents
of the Security IC. The Security
IC Embedded Software is part of
the current TOE. This
requirement shall be fulfilled in
the development process of the
TOE.
OE.Resp-Appl requires the
Security IC Embedded Software
to treat the user data as required
by the security needs of the
specific application context.
This objective shall be ensured
by the TOE and the object
system.
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Security Objectives
for the operational
environment
defined in [11]
Reference to
paragraph
in [11]
OE.Process-Sec-IC
111
Refined security
objectives for the
operational
environment of the
current TOE
OE.Process-Card
Rationale of the changes
The policy defined for the
Security platform IC is extended
to the current TOE.
Table 8: Overview of Security Objectives for the Operational Environment defined in BSIPP-0035 [11] and taken over into this PP.
67 The Security IC Embedded Software shall provide “Usage of COS (OE.Plat-COS)” as specified
below
OE.Plat-COS
Usage of COS
To ensure that the TOE is used in a secure manner the object
system shall be designed such that the requirements from the
following documents are met: (i) user guidance of the COS, (ii)
application notes for the COS (iii) other guidance documents,
and (iv) findings of the TOE evaluation reports relevant for
applications developed for COS as referenced in the
certification report.
68 The Security IC Embedded Software shall provide “Treatment of User Data (OE.Resp-ObjS)” as
specified below
OE.Resp-ObjS
Treatment of User Data
All User Data and TSF Data of the object system are defined as
required by the security needs of the specific application
context.
69 The operational environment of the TOE shall provide “Protection of Smartcard during
Personalisation (OE.Process-Card)” as specified below
OE.Process-Card
Protection of Smartcard during Personalisation
Security procedures shall be used after delivery of the TOE
during Phase 6 Smartcard personalisation up to the delivery of
the smartcard to the end-user in order to maintain
confidentiality and integrity of the TOE and to prevent any
theft, unauthorised personalization or unauthorised use.
4.3 Security Objective Rationale
70 Table 1 in BSI-PP-0035 [11] Section 4.4 “Security Objectives Rationale” gives an overview, how
the assumptions, threats, and organisational security policies taken over are addressed by the
objectives. Please refer that table and the text following after that table justifying this in detail for
the further details.
71 The following tables provide an overview for the coverage of the defined security problem by the
security objectives for the TOE and its environment. The tables are addressing the security
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A.Process-Sec-IC
A.Process-Sec-SC
A.Plat-Appl
O.RND
O.Abuse-Func
O.Leak-Forced
O.Phys-Manipulation
O.Malfunction
O.Phys-Probing
O.Leak-Inherent
O.Identification
OE.Resp-ObjS
(SAR for COS part of the TOE)
(SAR ADV class for COS part of the TOE)
OE.Process-Sec-Card
(SAR ALC for IC part of the TOE)
problem definition as given in the BSI-PP-0035 and the additional threats, organisational policies
and assumptions defined in the current PP. It shows that all threats and OSPs are addressed by the
security objectives for the TOE and for the TOE environment. It also shows that all assumptions
are addressed by the security objectives for the TOE environment.
(X) (X)
X
(X)
A.Resp-Appl
A.Resp-ObjS
P.Process-TOE
T.Leak-Inherent
T.Phys-Probing
(X)
X
X
X
X
T.Malfunction
T.Phys-Manipulation
T.Leak-Forced
T.Abuse-Func
T.RND
X
X
X
X
X
Table 9: Security Objective Rationale related to the IC platform
72 The A.Process-Sec-IC assumes and OE. Process-Sec-IC requires that security procedures are
used after delivery of the IC by the IC Manufacturer up to delivery to the end-consumer to
maintain confidentiality and integrity of the TOE and of its manufacturing and test data (to
prevent any possible copy, modification, retention, theft or unauthorised use). Development and
production of the Security IC is part of development and production of the TOE because it
includes the Security IC. The A.Process-Sec-SC assumes and OE.Process-Sec-Card requires
security procedures during Phase 6 Smartcard personalisation up to the delivery of the smartcard
to the end-user. More precisely, the smartcard life cycle according to [10] (cf. also to BSI-PP0035) are covered as follows.
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IC development (Phase 2) and IC manufacturing and testing (Phase3) are covered as
development and manufacturing of the security ICand therefore of the TOE as well.
IC packaging and testing (Phase 3) may be part of the development and manufacturing
environment or the operational environment of the security IC. Even if it is part of the
operational environment of the Security IC addressed by OE. Process-Sec-IC it will be part
of the development and manufacturing environment of the current TOE and covered by the
SAR ALC_DVS.2.
IC packaging and testing (Phase 4) and Smartcard Packaging and finishing process (Phase 5)
are addressed by OE. Process-Sec-IC but they are part of the development and
manufacturing environment of the current TOE and covered by the SAR ALC_DVS.2.
Snartcard personalisation (Phase 6) up to the delivery of the smartcard to the end-user is
addressed by A.Process-Sec-IC and A.Process-Sec-SC and covered by OE.Process-SecCard.
73 The assumption A.Plat-Appl assumes that the Security IC Embedded Software is designed so
that the requirements from the following documents are met: (i) TOE guidance documents (refer
to the Common Criteria assurance class AGD) such as the hardware data sheet, and the hardware
application notes, and (ii) findings of the TOE evaluation reports relevant for the Security IC
Embedded Software as documented in the certification report. This is met by the SAR of ADV
class and the requirements for composite evaluation [8].
74 The assumption A.Resp-Appl assumes that security relevant user data (especially cryptographic
keys) are treated by the Security IC Embedded Software as defined for its specific application
context. This assumption is split into requirements for the COS part of the TSF to provide
appropriate security functionality for the specific application context as defined by SFR of the
current PP and the assumption A.Resp-ObjS that assumes all User Data and TSF Data of the
TOE are treated in the object system as defined for its specific application context. The security
objective for the operational environment OE.Resp-Obj requires the object system to be defined
as required by the security needs of the specific application context.
75 The OSP P.Process-TOE and the threats T.Leak-Inherent, T.Phys-Probing, T.Malfunction,
T.Phys-Manipulation, T.Leak-Forced, T.Abuse-Func and T.RND are covered by the security
objectives as described in BSI-PP-0035. As stated in section 2.4, this PP claims conformance to
BSI-PP-0035 [11]. The objectives, assumptions, policies and threats as used in Table 9 are
defined and handled in [11]. Hence, the rationale for these items and their correlation with Table
9 is given in [11] and not repeated here.
76 The current PP defines new threats and assumptions for the TOE extended to the the Security
platform IC as TOE defined in BSI-PP-0035 and extends the policy P.Process-TOE to the current
TOE.
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T.Compromise_Internal_Data
X
OE.Resp-ObjS
OE.Plat-COS
O.SecureMessaging
O.Crypto
O.KeyManagement
O.AccessControl
O.Authentication
X
X
X
T.Malicious_Application
X
X
T.Misuse
T.Crypto
X
X
X
X
X
T.Intercept
T.WrongRights
O.TSFDataExport
O.Resp-COS
O.Confidentiality
O.Integrity
T.Forge_Internal_Data
OE.Process-Card
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X
X
A.Plat-COS
A.Resp-ObjS
X
X
P.Process-TOE
X
Table 10: Security Objective Rationale for the COS part of the TOE
77 A detailed justification required for suitability of the security objectives to coup with the security
problem definition is given below.
78 The thread T.Forge_Internal_Data addresses the falsification of internal user data or TSF data
by an attacker. This is prevented by O.Integrity that ensures the integrity of user data, the security
services and the TSF data. Also, O.Resp-COS addresses this thread because the user data and
TSF data are treated by the TOE as defined by the TSF data of the object system.
79 The thread T.Compromise_Internal_Data addresses the disclosure of confidential user data or
TSF data by an attacker. The objective O.Resp-COS requires that the user data and TSF data are
treated by the TOE as defined by the TSF data of the object system. Hence, the confidential data
are handled correctly by the TSF. The security objective O.Confidentiality ensures the
confidentiality of private keys and other confidential TSF data. O.KeyManagement requires that
the used keys to protect the confidentiality are generated, imported, distributed, managed and
destroyed in a secure way.
80 The thread T.Malicious_Application addresses the modification of user data or TSF data by the
installation and execution of a malicious code by an attacker. The security objective
O.TSFDataExport requires the correct export of TSF data in order to prevent the export of code
fragments that could be used for analysing and modification of TOE code. O.Authentication
enforces user authentication in order to control the access protected functions that could be
(mis)used to install and execute malicious code. Also, O.AccessControl requires the TSF to
enforce an access control policy for the access to restricted objects in order to prevent
unauthorised installation of malicious code.
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81 The thread T.Misuse addresses the usage of access control protected assets by an attacker without
knowledge of user authentication data or by any implicit authorization. This is prevented by the
security objective O.AccessControl that requires the TSF to enforce an access control policy for
the access to restricted objects. Also the security objective O.Authentication requires user
authentication for the use of protected functions.
82 The thread T.Crypto addresses a cryptographic attack to the implementation of cryptographic
algorithms or the guessing of keys using brute force attacks. This thread is directly covered by the
security objective O.Crypto which requires a secure implementation of cryptographic algorithms.
83 The thread T.Intercept addresses the interception of the communication between the TOE and an
external entity by an attacker. The attacker tries to delete, add or forge transmitted data. This
thread is directly addressed by the security objective O.SecureMessaging which requires the TOE
to establish a trusted channel that protects the confidentiality and integrity of the transmitted data
between the TOE and an external entity.
84 The thread T.WrongRights addresses the compromising or manipulation of sensitive user data or
TSF data by using undocumented or inappropriate access rights defined in the object system. This
thread is addressed by the security objective O.Resp-COS which requires the TOE to treat the
user data and TSF data as defined by the TSF data of the object system. Hence the correct access
rights are always used and prevent misuse by undocumented or inappropriate access rights to that
data.
85 The assumption A.Plat-COS assumes that the object system of the TOE is designed according to
dedicated guidance documents and according to relevant findings of the TOE evaluation reports.
This assumption is directly addressed by the security objective for the operational environment
OE.Plat-COS.
86 The assumption A.Resp-ObjS assumes that all user data and TSF data are treated by the object
system as defined for its specific application context. This assumption is directly addressed by the
security objective for the operational environment OE.Resp-ObjS.
87 The OSP P.Process-TOE addresses the protection during TOE development and production as
defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11]. This is supported by the security objective for the operational
environment OE.Process-Card that addresses the TOE after the delivery for phase 5 up to 7: It
requires that end consumers maintain the confidentiality and integrity of the TOE and its
manufacturing and test data.
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5 Extended Components Definition
88 This protection profile uses components defined as extensions to Common Criteria part 2 [3]. The
following extensions are taken from BSI-PP-0035 [11] chapter 5 “Extended Components
Definition” and are part of this Protection Profile:
- Definition of the Family FMT_LIM, and
- Definition of the Family FAU_SAS.
The Definition of the Family FCS_RNG already defined in BSI-PP-0035 is updated according to
[6] and [7] by refinement of selection “hybrid” to “hybrid physical” and “hybrid deterministic”.
The families FIA_API, FPT_EMS and FPT_ITE are defined in the document on hand.
5.1
Definition of the Family FCS_RNG Generation of Random Numbers
89 This section describes the functional requirements for the generation of random numbers, which
may be used as secrets for cryptographic purposes or authentication. The IT security functional
requirements for a TOE are defined in an additional family (FCS_RNG) of the Class FCS
(Cryptographic support).
Family Behaviour
90 This family defines quality requirements for the generation of random numbers that are intended
to be used for cryptographic purposes.
Component levelling:
FCS_RNG: Generation of random numbers
1
91 FCS_RNG.1 Generation of random numbers requires that the random number generator
implements defined security capabilities and that the random numbers meet a defined quality
metric.
Management:
Audit:
There are no management activities foreseen.
There are no actions defined to be auditable
FCS_RNG.1
Random number generation
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
No dependencies.
FCS_RNG.1.1
The TSF shall provide a [selection: physical, non-physical true,
deterministic, hybrid physical, hybrid deterministic] random number
generator that implements: [assignment: list of security capabilities].
FCS_RNG.1.2
The TSF shall provide random numbers that meet [assignment: a defined
quality metric].
92 Application note 3: This definition of FCS_RNG family is identical to the definition given in
BSI-CC-PP-0035 but introduce additional RNG classes “hybid physical” RNG and “hybrid
deterministic” RNG according to [7].
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5.2 Definition of the Family FIA_API
93 To describe the IT security functional requirements of the TOE a sensitive family (FIA_API) of
the Class FIA (Identification and authentication) is defined here. This family describes the
functional requirements for the proof of the claimed identity for the authentication verification by
an external entity where the other families of the class FIA address the verification of the identity
of an external entity.
94 Application note 4: The other families of the Class FIA describe only the authentication
verification of users’ identity performed by the TOE and do not describe the functionality of the
user to prove their identity. The following paragraph defines the extended family FIA_API from
point of view of a TOE proving its identity.
95 FIA_API Authentication Proof of Identity
Family Behaviour
This family defines functions provided by the TOE to prove its identity and to be verified by an
external entity in the TOE IT environment.
Component levelling:
FIA_API.1 Authentication Proof of Identity, provides prove of the identity of the TOE to an
external entity.
Management:
Audit:
FIA_API.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_API.1.1
The following actions could be considered for the management
functions in FMT: Management of authentication information used to
prove the claimed identity.
There are no actions defined to be auditable
Authentication Proof of Identity
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a [assignment: authentication mechanism] to
prove the identity of the [assignment: authorized user or role].
5.3 Definition of the Family FPT_EMS TOE Emanation
96 The family FPT_EMS (TOE Emanation) of the class FPT (Protection of the TSF) is defined here
to describe the IT security functional requirements of the TOE. The TOE shall prevent attacks
against secret data stored in and used by the TOE where the attack is based on external observable
physical phenomena of the TOE. Examples of such attacks are evaluation of TOE’s
electromagnetic radiation, simple power analysis (SPA), differential power analysis (DPA),
timing attacks, etc. This family describes the functional requirements for the limitation of
intelligible emanations being not directly addressed by any other component of CC part 2 [2].
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Family Behaviour
97 This family defines requirements to mitigate intelligible emanations.
Component levelling:
98 FPT_EMS.1 Emanation of TSF and User data, defines limits of TOE emanation related to TSF
and User data.
Management:
Audit:
FPT_EMS.1.1
FPT_EMS.1.2
FPT_EMS.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FPT_EMS.1.1
FPT_EMS.1.2
There are no management activities foreseen.
There are no actions defined to be auditable
Limit of Emissions requires to not emit intelligible emissions
enabling access to TSF data or user data
Interface Emanation requires to not emit interface emanation
enabling access to TSF data or user data
Emanation of TSF and User data
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TOE shall not emit [assignment: types of emissions] in excess
of [assignment: specified limits] enabling access to [assignment: list
of types of TSF data] and [assignment: list of types of user data].
The TSF shall ensure [assignment: type of users] are unable to use
the following interface [assignment: type of connection] to gain
access to [assignment: list of types of TSF data] and [assignment:
list of types of user data].
5.4 Definition of the Family FPT_ITE TSF image export
Family Behaviour
99 The family FPT_ITE (TSF image export) of the class FPT (Protection of the TSF) is defined here
to describe the IT security functional requirements of the TOE. This family defines rules for
fingerprints of TOE implementation and export of TSF data in order to allow verification of their
correct implementation in the TOE. The export of a fingerprint of the TOE implementation, e.g. a
keyed hash value over all implemented executable code, provides the ability to compare the
implemented executable code with the known intended executable code. The export of all nonconfidential TSF data, e.g. data security attributes of subjects and objects and public
authentication verification data like public keys, provides the ability to verify their correctness
e.g. against a specification. The exported TSF images must be correct, but do not need protection
of confidentiality or integrity if the export is performed in a protected environment. This family
describes the functional requirements for unprotected export of TSF data and export of TOE
implementation images not being addressed by any other component of CC part 2 [2].
Component levelling:
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100 FPT_ITE.1 Export of TOE implementation fingerprint, provides the ability to export the TOE
implementation fingerprint without protection of confidentiality or integrity.
101 FPT_ITE.2 Export of TSF data, provides the ability to export the TSF data without protection of
confidentiality or integrity.
Management
FPT_ITE.1, FPT_ITE.2:
Audit FPT_ITE.1,
FPT_ITE.2:
There are no management activities foreseen.
FPT_ITE.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FPT_ITE.1.1
Export of TOE implementation fingerprint
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TOE shall export fingerprint of TOE implementation given
the following conditions [assignment: conditions for export].
The TSF shall use [assignment: list of generation rules to be
applied by TSF] for the exported data.
FPT_ITE.1.2
FPT_ITE.2
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FPT_ITE.2.1
FPT_ITE.2.2
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There are no actions defined to be auditable
Export of TSF data
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TOE shall export [assignment: list of types of TSF data]
given the following conditions [assignment: conditions for
export].
The TSF shall use [assignment: list of encoding rules to be
applied by TSF] for the exported data.
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6 Security Requirements
102 This part of the PP defines the detailed security requirements that shall be satisfied by the TOE.
The statement of TOE security requirements shall define the functional and assurance security
requirements that the TOE needs to satisfy in order to meet the security objectives for the TOE.
103 The CC allows several operations to be performed on security requirements (on the component
level); refinement, selection, assignment and iteration are defined in sec. 8.1 of Part 1 [1] of the
CC. Each of these operations is used in this PP.
104 The refinement operation is used to add detail to a requirement, and, thus, further restricts a
requirement. Refinements of security requirements are denoted in such a way that added words
are in bold text and removed words are crossed out. In some cases a interpretation refinement is
given. In such a case a extra paragraph starting with “Refinement” is given.
105 The selection operation is used to select one or more options provided by the CC in stating a
requirement. Selections having been made by the PP author are denoted as underlined text.
Selections to be filled in by the ST author appear in square brackets with an indication that a
selection is to be made [selection:] and are italicised.9
106 The assignment operation is used to assign a specific value to an unspecified parameter, such as
the length of a password. Assignments having been made by the PP author are denoted by
showing as underlined text. Assignments to be filled in by the ST author appear in square
brackets with an indication that an assignment is to be made [assignment:] and are italicised. In
some cases the assignment made by the PP authors defines a selection to be performed by the ST
author. Thus this text is underlined and italicised like this.
107 The iteration operation is used when a component is repeated with varying operations. Iteration
is denoted by showing a slash “/”, and the iteration indicator after the component identifier.
For the sake of a better readability, the iteration operation may also be applied to some single
components (being not repeated) in order to indicate belonging of such SFRs to same functional
cluster. In such a case, the iteration operation is applied to only one single component.
108 Some SFRs (including the potential exiting refinement) were taken over from the BSI-PP-0035.
A list of all SFRs taken from BSI-PP-0035 [11] can be found in section 2.4, additionally the SFRs
taken over are labelled with a footnote.
6.1 Security Functional Requirements for the TOE
109 In order to define the Security Functional Requirements Part 2 of the Common Criteria [2] was
used. However, some Security Functional Requirements have been refined. The refinements are
described below the associated SFR.
9
Note the parameter defined in the COS specification are printed in italic as well but without indication of
selection or assignment.
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6.1.1 Overview
110 In order to give an overview of the security functional requirements in the context of the security
services offered by the TOE, the author of the PP defined the security functional groups and
allocated the functional requirements described in the following sections to them:
Security Functional Groups
Protection against Malfunction
Protection against Abuse of Functionality
Protection against Physical Manipulation
and Probing
Protection against Leakage
Generation of Random Numbers
Security Functional Requirements concerned
FRU_FLT.2/SICP, FPT_FLS.1/SICP
FMT_LIM.1/SICP, FMT_LIM.2/SICP,
FAU_SAS.1/SICP
FPT_PHP.3/SICP
FDP_ITT.1/SICP, FPT_ITT.1/SICP,
FDP_IFC.1/SICP
FCS_RNG.1/SICP
Table 11: Security functional groups vs. SFRs related to the IC platform
Security
Functional
Groups
General
Protection of
User data and
TSF data
(section 6.1.4)
Authentication
(section 6.1.5)
Access Control
(section 159)
Cryptographic
Functions
(section 6.1.7)
Protection of
communication
(section 6.1.8)
Security Functional Requirements concerned
FDP_RIP.1, FPT_FLS.1, FPT_EMS.1, FPT_TDC.1, FPT_ITE.1,
FPT_ITE.2, FPT_TST.1
FIA_AFL.1/PIN, FIA_AFL.1/PUC, FIA_ATD.1, FIA_UAU.1, FIA_UAU.4,
FIA_UAU.5, FIA_UAU.6, FIA_API.1, FMT_SMR.1, FIA_USB.1
FDP_ACC.1/EF, FDP_ACF.1/EF, FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF, FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF, FMT_MSA.3, FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/Life,
FMT_MSA.1/SEF, FMT_MTD.1/PIN, FMT_MSA.1/PIN,
FMT_MTD.1/Auth, FMT_MSA.1/Auth, FMT_MTD.1/NE
FCS_RNG.1, FCS_COP.1/SHA, FCS_COP.1/ COS.3TDES, FCS_COP.1/
COS.RMAC, FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM, FCS_COP.1/
COS.AES,FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM, FCS_CKM.1/RSA, FCS_CKM.1/ELC,
FCS_CKM.1/
DH.PACE, FCS_COP.1/ COS.CMAC, FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.S,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.V, FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S, FCS_COP.1/
COS.RSA, FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC, FCS_CKM.4
FTP_ITC.1/TC
Table 12: Security functional groups vs. SFRs
111 The following TSF Data are defined for the IC part of the TOE.
TSF Data
TOE prepersonalisation data
TOE initialisation data
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Definition
Any data supplied by the Card Manufacturer that is injected into the
non-volatile memory by the Integrated Circuits manufacturer.
Initialisation Data defined by the TOE Manufacturer to identify the
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TSF Data
Definition
TOE and to keep track of the Security IC’s production and further lifecycle phases are considered as belonging to the TSF data.
Table 13: TSF Data defined for the IC part
6.1.2 Users, subjects and objects
112 The security attributes of human users are stored in password objects (cf. [21] for details). The
human user selects the password object by pwIdentifier and therefore the role gained by the
subject acting for this human user after successful authentication. The role is a set of access rights
defined by the access control rules of the objects containing this pwIdentifier. The secret is used
to verify the authentication attempt of the human user providing the authentication verification
data. The security attributes transportStatus, lifeCycleStatus and flagEnabled stored in the
password object define the status of the role associated with the password. E.g. if the
transportStatus is equal to Leer-PIN or Transport-PIN the user is enforced to define his or her
own password and making this password and this role effective (by changing the transportStatus
to regularPassword). The multi-reference password shares the secret with the password identified
by pwReference. It allows enforcing re-authentication for access and limitation of authentication
status to specific objects and makes password management easier by using the same secret for
different roles. The security attributes interfaceDependentAccessRules, startRetryCounter,
retryCounter, minimumLength and maximumLength are defined for the secret. The PUC defined
for the secret is intended for password management and the authorization gained by successful
authentication is limited to the command RESET RETRY COUNTER for reset of the retryCounter
and setting a new secret.
113 The following table provides an overview of the authentication reference data and security
attributes of human users and the security attributes of the authentication reference data as TSF
data.
User type
Human user
Human user
Authentication reference data and
security attributes
Password
Authentication reference data
secret
Security attributes of the user role
pwIdentifier
transportStatus
lifeCycleStatus
flagEnabled
startSsecList
Security attributes of the secret
interfaceDependentAccessRules
startRetryCounterf
retryCounter
minimumLength
maximumLength
Multi-Reference password
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Operations
VERIFY, CHANGE REFERENCE DATA,
ENABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT,
DISABLE VERIFICATION
REQUIREMENT, ACTIVATE,
DEACTIVATE, DELETE, TERMINATE
VERIFY, CHANGE REFERENCE DATA,
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User type
Human user
Authentication reference data and
security attributes
Authentication reference data
Secret is shared with the password
identified by pwReference.
Security attributes of the user role
pwIdentifier,
lifeCycleStatus,
transportStatus
flagEnabled
startSsecList.
Security attributes of the secret
The security attributes
interfaceDependentAccessRules,
minimumLength, maximumLength,
startRetryCounter and
retryCounter are shared with
password identified by
pwReference.
Personal unblock code (PUC)
Authentication reference data
PUK
Security attributes
pwIdentifier of the password10,
pukUsage
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Operations
ENABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT,
DISABLE VERIFICATION
REQUIREMENT, ACTIVATE,
DEACTIVATE, DELETE, TERMINATE
RESET RETRY COUNTER
Table 14: Authentication reference data of the human user and security attributes
114 The security attributes of devices depend on the authentication mechanism and the authentication
reference data. A device may be associated with a symmetric cryptographic authentication key
with a specific keyIdentifier and therefore the role gained by the subject acting for this device
after successful authentication. The role is defined by the access control rules of the objects
containing this keyIdentifier. A device may be also associated with a certificate containing the
public key as authentication reference data and the card holder authorization (CHA). The
authentication protocol comprise the verification of the certificate by means of the root public key
and command PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE and by means of the public key contained in the
successful verified certificate and the command EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE. The subject acting
for this device get the role of the CHA which is referenced in the access control rules of the
objects.
User type
Device
10
Authentication reference data and
security attributes
Symmetric authentication key
Authentication reference data
macKey11
Operations
EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE, MUTUAL
AUTHENTICATE, GENERAL
AUTHENTICATE, ACTIVATE,
The PUC is part of the password object as authentication reference data for the RESET RETRY COUNTER
command for this password.
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User type
Device
Device
Device
Authentication reference data and
security attributes
Security attributes of the
Authentication reference data
keyIdentifier
interfaceDependentAccessRules
lifeCycleStatus
algorithmIdentifier
numberScenario
Asymmetric authentication key
Authentication reference data
Root Public Key
Certificate containing the public
key of the device12
publicKeyList,
persistentPublicKeyList13
Security attributes of the user
Certificate Holder Reference
(CHR)
lifeCycleStatus,
interfaceDependentAccessRules,
Certificate Holder Authorization
(CHA) for RSA keys or Certificate
Holder Authorization Template
(CHAT) for elliptic curve keys
Security attributes in the certificate
Certificate Profile Identifier (CPI)
Certification Authority Reference
(CAR)
Object Identifier (OID)
Secure messaging channel key
Authentication reference data
MAC session key SK4SM
Security attributes of SK4SM
flagSessionEnabled equal SK4SM,
Kmac and SSCmac,
negotiationKeyInformation.
Trusted channel
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Operations
DEACTIVATE, DELETE, TERMINATE
PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE,
EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE with algID
equal to rsaRoleCheck or elcRoleCheck
Commands using secure messaging
PSO DECIPHER and PSO VERIFY
CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM used for
11
The symmetric authentication object contains encryption key encKey and a message authentication key
macKey.
12
The certificate of the device may be only end of a certificate chain going up to the root public key.
13
The command PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE may store the successful verified public key temporarily in the
publicKeyList or persistenly in the persistentPublicKeyList. Public keys in the persistentPublicKeyList may
be used like root public keys.
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User type
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Authentication reference data and
security attributes
Authentication verification data
Session key SK4TC
Security attributes of SK4TC
flagSessionEnabled equal SK4TC
negotiationKeyInformation
Operations
trusted channel
Table 15: Authentication reference data of the devices and security attributes
115 The following table defines the authentication verification data used by the TSF itself for
authentication by external entities (cf. FIA_API.1).
Subject type
TSF
TSF
TSF
Authentication verification data and
security attributes
Private authentication key
Authentication verification data
privateKey
Security attributes
keyIdentifier
setAlgorithmIdentifier with
algorithmIdentifier
lifeCycleStatus
Secure messaging channel key
Authentication verification data
MAC session key SK4SM
Security attributes
flagSessionEnabled, macKey and
SSCmac, encKey and SSCenc,
flagCmdEnc and flagRspEnc
Trusted channel
Authentication verification data
Session key SK4TC
Security attributes
SK4TC referenced in
keyReferenceList.macCalculation
and keyReferenceList.dataEncipher
Operations
INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE, MUTUAL
AUTHENTICATE
Responses using secure messaging
PSO ENCIPHER and PSO COMPUTE
CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM used for
trusted channel
Table 16: Authentication verification data of the TSF and security attributes
116 The COS specification associates a subject with a logical channel and its channelContext
(cf. [21], chapter 12). The TOE may support one subject respective logical channel or more than
one independent subjects respective logical channels, cf. 9 Package Logical Channel. The
channelContext comprises security attributes of the subject summarized in the following table.
Security attribute
interface
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Elements
Comments
The TOE detects whether the communication
uses contact based interface (value set to
kontaktbehaftet), or contactless interface (value
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Security attribute
Elements
currentFolder
seIdentifier
keyReferenceList
externalAuthenticate
internalAuthenticate
verifyCertificate
signatureCreation
dataDecipher
dataEncipher
macCalculation
Comments
set to kontaktlos)14. If the TOE does not support
contactless communication the TOE shall behave
as interfaceDependentAccess
Rules is permanently set to “kontaktbehaftet”.
Identifier of the (unique) current folder
Security environment selected by means of
command MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT15.
If no security environment is explicitly selected
the default security environment #1 is assumed.
The list contains elements which may be empty
or may contain one pair (keyReference,
algorithmIdentifier).
keyReference and algorithmIdentifier of the key
selected by means of the command MANAGE
SECURITY ENVIRONMENT to be used for device
authentication by means of commands
EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE and MUTUAL
AUTHENTICATE
keyReference and algorithmIdentifier of the key
selected by means of the command MANAGE
SECURITY ENVIRONMENT to be used for
authentication of the TSF itself by means of
commands INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE
keyReference of the key selected by means of the
command MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT to
be used for PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE
keyReference and algorithmIdentifier of the key
selected by means of the command MANAGE
SECURITY ENVIRONMENT to be used for PSO
COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE
keyReference and algorithmIdentifier of the key
selected by means of the command MANAGE
SECURITY ENVIRONMENT to be used for PSO
DECIPHER or PSO TRANSCIPHER
keyReference and algorithmIdentifier of the key
selected by means of the command MANAGE
SECURITY ENVIRONMENT to be used for PSO
ENCIPHER.
keyReference and algorithmIdentifier of the key
selected by means of the command MANAGE
SECURITY ENVIRONMENT to be used for PSO
14
Note the COS specification [21] describes this security attribute in the context of access control rules in
chapter 8.1.4 only. If the TOE does not support contactless communication the document in hand shall be
read assuming that this attribute is equal to “kontaktbehaftet”.
15
Note the COS specification [21] describes this security attribute in the informative chapter 8.8. The object
system specification of the eHCP uses this security attribute for access control rules of batch signature
creation.
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Security attribute
SessionkeyContext
globalPasswordList
dfPasswordList
globalSecurityList
dfSecurityList
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Elements
Comments
COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM and PSO
VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM
This list contains security attributes associated
with secure messaging and trusted channels.
flagSessionEnabled
Value noSK indicates no session key established.
Value SK4SM indicates session keys established
for receiving commands and sending responses.
Value SK4TC indicates session keys established
for PSO COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM,
PSO VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM and
PSO ENCIPHER, PSO DECIPHER.
encKey and SSCenc
Key for encryption and decryption and its
sequence counter
macKey and SSCmac Key for MAC calculation and verification and its
sequence counter
flagCmdEnc and
Flags indicating encryption of data in commands
flagRspEnc
respective responses
negotiationKeyInform keyIdentifier of the key used to generate the
ation
session keys and if asymmetric key was used the
accessRigth associated with this key. The
keyIdentifier may reference to the authentication
reference data used for PACE.
accessRulesSession- Access control rules associated with trusted
keys
channel support .
(pwReference,
List of 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 elements containing results
securityStatusEvaluati of successful human user authentication with
onCounter)
password in MF: pwReference and
securityStatusEvaluationCounter
(pwReference,
List of 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 elements containing results
securityStatusEvaluati of successful human user authentication with
onCounter)
password for each DF: pwReference and
securityStatusEvaluationCounter
CHA or keyIdentifier List of 0, 1, 2 or 3 elements containing results of
successful device authentication with
authentication reference data in MF: CHA as
reference to the role gained by authentication
based on certificate or keyIdentifier as reference
to the used symmetric authentication key or
keyIdentifier generated by successful
authentication with PACE protocol.
CHA or keyIdentifier List of 0, 1, 2 or 3 elements containing results of
successful device authentication with
authentication reference data for each DF: CHA
CHA as reference to the role gained by
authentication based on certificate or
keyIdentifier as reference to symmetric
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Security attribute
Elements
bitSecurityList
Current file
securityStatusEvaluat startSsec
ionCounter
Comments
authentication key or keyIdentifier generated by
successful authentication with PACE protocol16.
List of CHAT gained by successful
authentication with CVC based on ECC. The
effective access rights are the intersection of
access rights defined in CVC of the CVC chain
up to the root.
Identifier of the (unique) current file from
currentFolder.children
Must contain all values of startSsec and may be
empty
Table 17: Security attributes of a subject
117 The following tables provide an overview of the objects, operations and security attributes
defined in the current PP (including the packages). All references in the table refer to the
technical specification of the card operating system [21].
Object type
Folder (8.3.1)
Security attributes
accessRules:
lifeCycleStatus
shareable17
interfaceDependentAccessRules
children
Dedicated File (8.3.1.2)
Additionally to Folder:
fileIdentifier
Additionally to Folder:
applicationIdentifier
Additionally to Folder:
fileIdentifier
applicationIdentifier
children
fileIdentifier
list of shortFileIdentifier
lifeCycleStatus
shareable19
accessRules:
interfaceDependentAccessRules
flagTransactionMode
Application (8.3.1.1)
Application Dedicated File
(8.3.1.3)
Elementary File (8.3.2)
Operations
SELECT
ACTIVATE
DEACTIVATE
DELETE
FINGERPRINT
GET RANDOM18
LOAD APPLICATION
TERMINATE DF
Identical to Folder
Identical to Folder
Identical to Folder
SELECT
ACTIVATE
DEACTIVATE
DELETE
TERMINATE
16
The keyIdentifier generated by successful authentication with PACE protocol is named
“Kartenverbindungsobjekt” in the COS specification [21].
17
Available with package logical channel
18
Only available with package crypto box
19
Available with package logical channel
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Object type
Transparent EF (8.3.2.1)
Structured EF (8.3.2.2)
Regular Password (8.4)
(PIN)
Multi-reference Password (8.5)
(MR-PIN)
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Security attributes
flagChecksum
Additionally to Elementary File:
numberOfOctet
positionLogicalEndOfFile
Body
Additionally to Elementary File:
recordList
maximumNumberOfRecords
maximumRecordLength
flagRecordLifeCycleStatus
lifeCycleStatus
pwdIdentifier
accessRules:
interfaceDependentAccessRules
secret: PIN
minimumLength
maximumLength
startRetryCounter
retryCounter
transportStatus
flagEnabled
startSsecList
PUC
pukUsage
channel specific:
securityStatusEvaluationCounter
lifeCycleStatus
pwdIdentifier
accessRules:
interfaceDependentAccessRules
startSsecList
flagEnabled
passwordReference
Attributes used together with
referred password (PIN):
secret: PIN
minimumLength
maximumLength
startRetryCounter
retryCounter
transportStatus
PUC
pukUsage
Operations
Additionally to
Elementary File:
ERASE BINARY
READ BINARY
UPDATE BINARY
WRITE BINARY
Additionally to
Elementary File:
ACTIVATE RECORD
APPEND RECORD
DEACTIVATE RECORD
ERASE RECORD
READ RECORD
SEARCH RECORD
UPDATE RECORD
ACTIVATE
DEACTIVATE
DELETE
TERMINATE
CHANGE REFERENCE
DATA
DISABLE VERIFICATION
REQUIREMENT
ENABLE VERIFICATION
REQUIREMENT
GET PIN STATUS
RESET RETRY COUNTER
VERIFY
Identical to Regular
Password
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Object type
PUC
Symmetric Key (8.6.1)
Security attributes
channel specific:
securityStatusEvaluationCounter
type pin
pukUsage
lifeCycleStatus
keyIdentifier
accessRules:
interfaceDependentAccessRules
encKey
macKey
numberScenario
algorithmIdentifier
accessRulesSessionkeys:
interfaceDependentAccessRules
Private Asymmetric Key (8.6.4)
lifeCycleStatus
keyIdentifier
accessRules:
interfaceDependentAccessRules
privateKey
listAlgorithmIdentifier
accessRulesSessionkeys:
interfaceDependentAccessRules
algorithmIdentifier
keyAvailable
Public Asymmetric Key (8.6.4)
lifeCycleStatus
keyIdentifier
oid
accessRules:
interfaceDependentAccessRules
Additionally to Public
Asymmetric Key:
publicRsaKey: oid or
publicElcKey: oid
CHAT
expirationDate: date
publicRsaKey: oid or
publicElcKey: oid
CHA
CHAT
Public Asymmetric Key for
signature verification
(8.6.4.2)
Public Asymmetric Key for
Authentication (8.6.4.3)
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Operations
RESET RETRY COUNTER
ACTIVATE
DEACTIVATE
DELETE
TERMINATE
EXTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE
GENERAL
AUTHENTICATE
INTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE
MUTUAL
AUTHENTICATE
ACTIVATE
DEACTIVATE
DELETE
TERMINATE
GENERATE
ASYMMETRIC KEY PAIR
or key import
EXTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE
GENERAL
AUTHENTICATE
INTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE
PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL
SIGNATURE
PSO DECIPHER
PSO TRANSCIPHER
ACTIVATE
DEACTIVATE
DELETE
TERMINATE
Additionally to Public
Asymmetric Key:
PSO VERIFY
CERTIFICATE,
PSO VERIFY DIGITAL
SIGNATURE
Additionally to Public
Asymmetric Key:
EXTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE
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Object type
Public Asymmetric Key for
Encryption (8.6.4.4)
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Security attributes
expirationDate: date
Additionally to Public
Asymmetric Key:
publicRsaKey: oid
publicElcKey: oid
Operations
GENERAL
AUTHENTICATE
INTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE
Additionally to Public
Asymmetric Key:
PSO ENCIPHER
Table 18: Subjects, objects, operations and security attributes. The references refer to [21].
118 The TOE must support Access control lists for
lifeCycleStatus values “Operation state(activated)”, “Operation state(deactivated)” and
“Termination state”,
security environments with value seIdentifier selected for the folder
interfaceDependentAccessRules for contact based communication
and may support Access control lists for
interfaceDependentAccessRules for contactless communication (cf. chapter 8 Package
Contactless).
119 If the user communicates with the TOE through the contact based interface the security attribute
“interface” of the subject is set to the value “kontaktbehaftet” and the
interfaceDependentAccessRules for contact based communication shall apply. If the user
communicates with the TOE through the contactless interface the security attribute “interface” of
the subject is set to the value “kontaktlos” and the interfaceDependentAccessRules for contactless
communication shall apply. If the TOE does not support the contactless communication it
behaves in respect to access control like a TOE defining all interfaceDependentAccessRules
“kontaktlos” set to NEVER in the object system.
120 The user may set the seIdentifier value of the security environments for the folder by means of the
command MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT. This may be seen as selection of a specific set of
access control rules for the folder and the objects in this folder.20
121 The TOE access control rule contains
command defined by CLA, 0 or 1 parameter P1, and 0 or 1 parameter P2,
values of the lifeCycleStatus and interfaceDependentAccessRules indicating the set of access
control rules to be applied,
access control condition defined as Boolean expression with Boolean operators AND and
OR of Boolean elements of the following types ALWAYS, NEVER, PWD(pwIdentifier),
AUT(keyReference), AUT(CHA), AUT(CHAT) and secure messaging conditions (cf. [21],
chapter 10.2 for details).
Note AUT(CHAT) is true if the access right bit necessary for the object and the command is 1 in
the effective access rights calculated as bitwise-AND of all CHAT in the CVC chain verified
successfully by PSO VERIFY DIGITAL SIGNATURE command executions.
20
This approach is used e.g. for signature creation with eHPC: the signatory selects security environment #1 for
single signature, and security environment #2 for batch signature creation requirering additional
authentication of the signature creation application.
page 44 of 153
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BSI-CC-PP-0082
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
122 The Boolean element ALWAYS provides the Boolean value TRUE. The Boolean element
NEVER provides the Boolean value FALSE. The other Boolean elements provides the Boolean
value TRUE if the value in the access control list match its corresponding security attribute of the
subject and provides the Boolean value FALSE is they do not match.
123 The following table gives an overview of the commands the COS has to implement. Please note
that the commands printed in italic are described in the packages. Some commands are may be or
may be not implemented by the COS as defined in [21].
Operation
ACTIVATE
ACTIVATE RECORD
APPEND RECORD
CHANGE REFERENCE DATA
CREATE
DEACTIVATE
DEACTIVATE RECORD
DELETE
DISABLE VERIFICATION
REQUIREMENT
ENABLE VERIFICATION
REQUIREMENT
ENVELOPE
ERASE BINARY
ERASE RECORD
EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE
FINGERPRINT
GENERAL AUTHENTICATE
SFR
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/Life
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/SEF
FDP_ACC.1/SEF, FDP_ACF.1/SEF
FIA_UAU.5, FIA_USB.1, FMT_SMF.1,
FMT_MTD.1/PIN, FMT_MSA.1/PIN,
FIA_AFL.1/PIN
This command is optional and therefore not
addressed in the SFRs of this PP.
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/PIN
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/PIN
FIA_USB.1, FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF, FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF, FDP_ACC.1/EF, FDP_ACF.1/EF,
FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY,
FMT_MSA.3, FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/Life,
FCS_CKM.4,
FIA_USB.1/LC
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/PIN, FIA_AFL.1/PIN
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/PIN, FIA_AFL.1/PIN
This command is optional and therefore not
addressed in the SFRs of this PP.
FDP_ACC.1/TEF, FDP_ACF.1/TEF
FDP_ACC.1/SEF, FDP_ACF.1/SEF,
FMT_MSA.1/SEF
FIA_UAU.4, FIA_UAU.5, FIA_USB.1,
FCS_RNG.1, FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.V, FCS_COP.1/
COS.ECDSA.V,
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES, FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC,
FCS_COP.1/CB.AES, FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC
FPT_ITE.1, FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF
FIA_UAU.4, FIA_UAU.5, FIA_UAU.6,
FIA_API.1, FIA_USB.1, FCS_RNG.1,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.AES, FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM,
FIA_UAU.5/PACE, FIA_UAU.6/
PACE, FIA_USB.1/
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Chapter
14.2.1
14.4.1
14.4.2
14.6.1
14.2.2
14.2.3
14.4.3
14.2.4
14.6.2
14.6.3
14.9.1
14.3.1
14.4.4
14.7.1
14.9.2
14.7.2
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Operation
SFR
Chapter
PACE
GENERATE ASYMMETRIC KEY PAIR FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY,
FMT_MSA.3, FMT_SMF.1, FCS_CKM.1/RSA, 14.9.2
FCS_CKM.1/ELC
GET CHALLENGE
FCS_RNG.1
14.9.3
GET DATA
This command is optional and therefore not
14.5.1
addressed in the SFRs of this PP.
GET PIN STATUS
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/PIN
14.6.4
GET RANDOM
FCS_RNG.1,
14.9.4
FCS_RNG.1/GR
GET RESPONSE
This command is optional and therefore not
14.9.5
addressed in the SFRs of this PP.
GET SECURITY STATUS KEY
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/Auth
14.7.3
INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE
FIA_API.1, FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM, FCS_COP.1/
COS.RSA.S, FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S,
14.7.4
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES, FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC,
FCS_COP.1/CB.AES, FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC
LOAD APPLICATION
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF, FDP_ACF.1/
14.2.5
MF_DF, FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/Life
MANAGE CHANNEL
FIA_UID.1, FIA_UAU.1, FIA_USB.1/LC,
14.9.6
FMT_MSA.3
MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT FIA_USB.1, FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
14.9.7
FDP_ACF.1/KEY, FMT_MSA.3
MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE
FIA_UAU.4, FIA_UAU.5, FIA_UAU.6,
FIA_API.1, FIA_USB.1, FCS_RNG.1,
FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM,
14.7.1
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES, FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC,
FCS_COP.1/CB.AES, FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC
PSO COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC FIA_API.1, FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY, 14.8.1
CHECKSUM
FCS_COP.1/ COS.CMAC,
FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC, FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC,
FIA_UAU.5/PACE, FIA_UAU.6/PACE,
FIA_USB.1/PACE
PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL
FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY,
14.8.2.1
SIGNATURE, WITHOUT
FMT_MSA.3, FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.S,
"RECOVERY"
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S
PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL
FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY,
14.8.2.2
SIGNATURE, WITH "RECOVERY"
FMT_MSA.3, FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S
PSO DECIPHER
FIA_USB.1,FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY, 14.8.3
FMT_MSA.3, FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC,
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES, FCS_COP.1/CB.AES,
FIA_UAU.5/PACE, FIA_UAU.6/PACE,
FIA_USB.1/PACE
PSO ENCIPHER
FIA_API.1, FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY, 14.8.4
FMT_MSA.3, FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC,
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Version 1.0, 23rd August 2013
BSI-CC-PP-0082
Operation
SFR
Chapter
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES, FCS_COP.1/CB.AES,
FCS_COP.1/CB.RSA, FCS_COP.1/CB.ELC
PSO HASH, [ISO/IEC 7816–8]
This command is optional and therefore not
addressed in the SFRs of this PP.
PSO TRANSCIPHER USING RSA
FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY,
14.8.6.1
FMT_MSA.3, FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC
PSO TRANSCIPHER USING ELC
FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY,
14.8.6.3
FMT_MSA.3, FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC
PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MTD.1/Auth, FCS_COP.1/ 14.8.7
COS.RSA.V, FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.V
PSO VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC
FIA_USB.1, FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
14.8.8
CHECKSUM
FDP_ACF.1/KEY, FCS_COP.1/ COS.RMAC,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.CMAC, FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC
PSO VERIFY DIGITAL SIGNATURE FDP_ACC.1/KEY, FDP_ACF.1/KEY,
14.8.9
FMT_MSA.3, FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.V
PUT DATA
This command is optional and therefore not
14.5.2
addressed in the SFRs of this PP.
READ BINARY
FDP_ACC.1/TEF, FDP_ACF.1/TEF
14.3.2
READ RECORD
FDP_ACC.1/SEF, FDP_ACF.1/SEF
14.4.5
RESET RETRY COUNTER
FIA_AFL.1/PUC, FIA_UAU.5, FMT_SMF.1,
14.6.5
FMT_MTD.1/PIN, FMT_MSA.1/PIN
SEARCH BINARY
This command is optional and therefore not
14.3.3
addressed in the SFRs of this PP.
SEARCH RECORD
FDP_ACC.1/SEF, FDP_ACF.1/SEF
14.4.6
SELECT
FIA_USB.1, FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF, FDP_ACF.1/
14.2.6
MF_DF, FDP_ACC.1/EF, FDP_ACF.1/EF
TERMINATE
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/Life
14.2.9
TERMINATE CARD USAGE
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/Life
14.2.7
TERMINATE DF
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/Life
14.2.8
UPDATE BINARY
FDP_ACC.1/TEF, FDP_ACF.1/TEF
14.3.4
UPDATE RECORD
FDP_ACC.1/SEF, FDP_ACF.1/SEF
14.4.7
VERIFY
FIA_AFL.1/PIN, FIA_UAU.5, FIA_USB.1,
14.6.6
FMT_SMF.1, FMT_MSA.1/PIN
WRITE BINARY
FDP_ACC.1/TEF, FDP_ACF.1/TEF
14.3.5
WRITE RECORD
This command is optional and therefore not
14.4.8
addressed in the SFRs of this PP.
Table 19: Mapping between commands described in COS specification [21] and the SFR
124 Application note 5: An implementation has to support the data types and the limits for the data
types given in [21] exactly. If an implementation of COS supports additional values / types or
extends limits it must be guaranteed that no security objective can be undermined. A justification
for each additional difference and why it does not undermine a security objective has to be given
from the developer.
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
125 Application note 6: If an implementation of COS accepts objects that do not follow defined rules
it must be guaranteed that no security objective can be undermined. A justification for each
accepted object and why it does not undermine a security objective has to be given from the
developer.
126 Application note 7: If an implementation of COS implements additional functionality not
described in [21] it must be guaranteed that the additional functionality can not undermined any
security objective. A justification for added additional functionality and why it does not
undermine any security objective has to be given from the developer (cf. SAR ADV_ARC.1). If
the additional functionality implements further TSF with cryptographic mechanisms the SFR
component FCS_COP has to be iterated corresponding to the new introduced cryptographic
functionality.
6.1.3 Security Functional Requirements for the TOE taken over from BSI-PP-0035
127 All SFRs from section 6.1 ”Security Functional Requirements for the TOE” of the BSI-PP-0035
are part of this PP. On all SFR of the BSI-PP-0035 an iteration operation is performed. For the
iteration operation the suffix “/SICP” is added to the SFR name from BSI-PP-0035.
128 The complete list of the SFRs taken over from BSI-PP-0035 follows. For further descriptions,
details, and interpretations refer section 6.1 in BSI-PP-0035 [11].
-
FRU_FLT.2/SICP: Limited fault tolerance.
FPT_FLS.1/SICP: Failure with preservation of secure state.
FMT_LIM.1/SICP: Limited capabilities.
FMT_LIM.2/SICP: Limited capabilities
FAU_SAS.1/SICP: Audit storage
FPT_PHP.3/SICP: Resistance to physical attack.
FDP_ITT.1/SICP: Basic internal transfer protection.
FPT_ITT.1/SICP: Basic internal TSF data transfer protection.
FDP_IFC.1/SICP: Subset information flow control.
FCS_RNG.1/SICP: Random number generation
129 Table 20 maps the SFR name in this PP to the SFR name in BSI-PP-0035 [11]. This approach
allows an easy and unambiguous identification which SFR was taken over from the BSI-PP-0035
into this Protection Profile and which SFR is defined newly in this PP.
SFR name
FRU_FLT.2/SICP
FPT_FLS.1/SICP
FMT_LIM.1/SICP
FMT_LIM.2/SICP
FAU_SAS.1/SICP
FPT_PHP.3/SICP
FDP_ITT.1/SICP
FPT_ITT.1/SICP
page 48 of 153
SFR name in [11]
FRU_FLT.2
FPT_FLS.1
FMT_LIM.1
FMT_LIM.2
FAU_SAS.1
FPT_PHP.3
FDP_ITT.1
FPT_ITT.1
Reference to paragraph in [11]
140
141
150
151
152
156
159
160
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
SFR name
FDP_IFC.1/SICP
FCS_RNG.1/SICP
SFR name in [11]
FDP_IFC.1
FCS_RNG.1
Reference to paragraph in [11]
161
164
Table 20: Mapping between SFR names in this PP and the SFR names in the BSI-PP-0035 [11]
130 In some cases security functional components have been added or refined. Please refer section for
details. The refinements of the security functional are only being applied for the SFR for the TOE
taken over from BSI-PP-0035 [11] (see Table 20).
6.1.4 General Protection of User data and TSF data
131 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Subset residual information protection (FDP_RIP.1)” as
specified below.
FDP_RIP.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_RIP.1.1
Subset residual information protection
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall ensure that any previous information content of a resource
is made unavailable upon the [selection: allocation of the resource to,
deallocation of the resource from] the following objects: password
objects, secret cryptographic keys, private cryptographic keys, session
keys, [assignment: other data objects]21.
132 Application note 8: The writer of the Security Target may want to use iterations of FDP_RIP.1 in
order to distinguish between data, which must be deleted already upon deallocation and those
which can be deleted upon allocation. It is recommended to delete secret/private cryptographic
keys and all passwords upon deallocation. For secret user data deletion upon allocation should be
sufficient (depending on the resistance of the concrete TOE against physical attacks). Note that
the COS specification allows management of applications during operational use. Therefore it is
theoretically possible that a newly created object uses memory areas, which belonged to another
object before. Therefore the COS must ensure that contents of the deleted objects are not
accessible by reading the new object. The open assign operation may be “none”.
133 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Failure with preservation of secure state (FPT_FLS.1)” as
specified below.
21
FPT_FLS.1
Failure with preservation of secure state
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
No dependencies.
FPT_FLS.1.1
The TSF shall preserve a secure state when the following types of
failures occur:
(1) exposure to operating conditions where therefore a malfunction
could occur
[assignment: list of objects].
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
(2) failure detected by TSF according to FPT_TST.122.
134 The TOE shall meet the requirement “FPT_EMS.1 (FPT_EMS.1)” as specified below (CC part 2
extended).
FPT_EMS.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FPT_EMS.1.1
Emanation of TSF and User data
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TOE shall not emit [assignment: types of emissions] in excess of
[assignment: specified limits] enabling access to the following TSF data
(1) Regular password,
(2) Multi-Reference password,
(3) PUC,
(4) Session keys,
(5) Symmetric authentication keys,
(6) Private authentication keys,
(7) [assignment: list of additional types of TSF data]23
and the following user data
(8) Private asymmetric keys,
(9) Symmetric keys,
(10) [assignment: list of additional types of user data]24.
FPT_EMS.1.2
The TSF shall ensure any user25 are unable to use the following interface
circuit interfaces26 to gain access to the following TSF data
(1)
Regular password
(2)
Multi-Reference password
(3)
PUC
(4)
Session keys
(5)
Symmetric authentication keys
(6)
Private authentication keys
(7)
[assignment: list of additional types of TSF data]27
and the following user data
(8)
Private asymmetric keys
(9)
Symmetric keys
(10) [assignment: list of additional types of user data]28
22
[assignment: list of types of failures in the TSF]
23
[assignment: list of types of TSF data]
24
[assignment: list of types of user data]
25
[assignment: type of users]
26
[assignment: type of connection]
27
[assignment: list of types of TSF data]
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
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BSI-CC-PP-0082
135 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Inter-TSF basic TSF data consistency (FPT_TDC.1)” as
specified below.
FPT_TDC.1
Inter-TSF basic TSF data consistency
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
No dependencies.
FPT_TDC.1.1
The TSF shall provide the capability to consistently interpret Card
Verifiable Certificate (CVC)29 when shared between the TSF and
another trusted IT product.
FPT_TDC.1.2
The TSF shall use [21], chapter 7 “CV-Certificate” and [21], appendix H
“CV-Certificate for ELC-keys”30 when interpreting the TSF data from
another trusted IT product.
136 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Export of TOE implementation fingerprint (FPT_ITE.1)”
as specified below.
FPT_ITE.1
Export of TOE implementation fingerprint
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
No dependencies.
FPT_ITE.1.1
The TOE shall export fingerprint of TOE implementation given the
following conditions execution of the command FINGERPRINT [21]31.
FPT_ITE.1.2
The TSF shall use [selection: SHA-256 based fingerprint of the TOE
implementation, SHA-384 based fingerprint of the TOE implementation,
SHA-512 based fingerprint of the TOE implementation, CMAC based
fingerprint of the TOE implementation using [selection: AES128, AES192, AES-256] with cryptographic key size [selection: 128, 192, 256] bit
that meet the following standard FIPS180-4 [37],NIST SP800-38B [36]32
for the exported data.
137 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Export of TSF data (FPT_ITE.2)” as specified below.
FPT_ITE.2
Export of TSF data
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
No dependencies.
The TOE shall export
(1) all public authentication reference data,
(2) all security attributes for all objects of the object system for all
commands,
FPT_ITE.2.1
28
[assignment: list of types of user data]
29
[assignment: list of TSF data types]
30
[assignment: list of interpretation rules to be applied by the TSF]
31
[assignment: conditions for export]
32
[assignment: list of generation rules to be applied by TSF]
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
(3) [assignment: list of all TOE specific security attributes not
described in COS specification [21]]33
given the following conditions
(1) no export of secret data,
(2) no export of private keys,
(3) no export of secure messaging keys,
(4) no export of passwords and PUC34.
FPT_ITE.2.2
The TSF shall use [assignment: list of encoding rules to be applied by
TSF] for the exported data.
138 Application note 9: The public TSF data addressed as TSF data in bullet (1) in the element
FPT_ITE.2.1 covers at least all root public key and other public keys used as authentication
reference data (cf. persistentPublicKeyList) stored in the object system. The bullet (2) in the
element FPT_ITE.2.1 covers all security attributes of all objects of object types listed in Table 18
and all TOE specific security attributes and parameters. The COS specification [21] identifies
optional functionality the TOE may support. The TOE (as COS, wrapper and guidance
documentation) must support the user to find all objects and to export all security attributes of
these objects. Note while MF, DF and EF are hierarchically structured the Application and
Application Dedicated File are directly referenced which may require special methods to find all
objects in the object system. The exported data shall be encoded by wrapper to allow
interpretation of the TSF data. The encoding rules shall meet the requirements of the Technical
Guidance TR-03143 describing the verification tool used for examination of the object system
against the specification of the object system.
139 The TOE shall meet the requirement “TSF testing (FPT_TST.1)” as specified below.
FPT_TST.1
TSF testing
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
No dependencies.
FPT_TST.1.1
The TSF shall run a suite of self tests during initial start-up35 to
demonstrate the correct operation of the TSF36.
FPT_TST.1.2
The TSF shall provide authorised users with the capability to verify the
integrity of TSF data37.
FPT_TST.1.3
The TSF shall provide authorised users with the capability to verify the
integrity of TSF38.
33
[assignment: list of types of TSF data]
34
[assignment: conditions for export]
35
[selection: during initial start-up, periodically during normal operation, at the request of the authorised user,
at the conditions [assignment: conditions under which self test should occur]]
36
[selection: [assignment: parts of TSF], the TSF]
37
[selection: [assignment: parts of TSF data], TSF data]
38
[selection: [assignment: parts of TSF], TSF]
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
Version 1.0, 23rd August 2013
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6.1.5 Authentication
140 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Authentication failure handling (FIA_AFL.1/PIN)” as
specified below.
FIA_AFL.1/PIN
Authentication failure handling
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.1 Timing of authentication.
FIA_AFL.1.1/PIN
The TSF shall detect when an administrator configurable positive integer
within 1 to 1539 unsuccessful authentication attempts occur related to
consecutive failed human user authentication for the PIN via VERIFY,
ENABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT, DISABLE VERIFICATION
REQUIREMENT or CHANGE REFERENCE DATA command40.
FIA_AFL.1.2/PIN
When the defined number of unsuccessful authentication attempts has
been met41, the TSF shall block the password for authentication until
successful unblock with unblocking code PUC42.
141 Application note 10: The component FIA_AFL.1/PIN addresses the human user authentication by
means of a password. The configurable positive integer of unsuccessful authentication attempts is
defined in the password objects of the object system.”Consecutive failed authentication attemps”
are counted separately for each PIN and interrupted by successful authentication attempt for this
PIN, i.e. the PIN object has a retryCounter wich is initially set to startRetryCounter, decremented
by each failed authentication attempt and reset to startRetryCounter by successful authentication
with the PIN or be successful execution of the command RESET RETRY COUNTER.
142 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Authentication failure handling (FIA_AFL.1/PUC)” as
specified below.
FIA_AFL.1/PUC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_AFL.1.1/PUC
Authentication failure handling
No other components.
FIA_UAU.1 Timing of authentication.
The TSF shall detect when an administrator configurable positive integer
within 1 to 1543 unsuccessful44 authentication attempts occur related to
usage of a password unblocking code using the RESET RETRY COUNTER
command45.
39
[assignment: positive integer number], an administrator configurable positive integer within [assignment:
range of acceptable values]]
40
[assignment: list of authentication events]
41
[selection: met, surpassed]
42
[assignment: list of actions]
43
[assignment: positive integer number], an administrator configurable positive integer within [assignment:
range of acceptable values]]
44 Refinement: not only unsuccessful but all attempts shall be counted here – obviously this refinement is valid,
because the original requirement is still fulfilled.
45
[assignment: list of authentication events]
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FIA_AFL.1.2/PUC
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
When the defined number of unsuccessful46 authentication attempts has
been met47, the TSF shall [assignment: list of actions, which at least
includes: block the password unblocking code]48.
143 Application note 11: The component FIA_AFL.1/PUC addresses the human user authentication
by means of a PUC. The configurable positive integer of usage of password unblocking code is
defined in the password objects of the object system.
144 Application note 12: The command RESET RETRY COUNTER can be used to change a password or
reset a retry counter. In certain cases, for example for digital signature applications, the usage of
the command RESET RETRY COUNTER must be restricted to the ability to reset a retry counter
only.
145 The TOE shall meet the requirement “User attribute definition (FIA_ATD.1)” as specified below.
FIA_ATD.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_ATD.1.1
User attribute definition
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall maintain the following list of security attributes
belonging to individual users:
(1) for Human User: authentication state gained
a. with password: pwdIdentifier in globalPasswordList and
pwdIdentifier in dfSpecificPasswordList,
b. with
Multi-Reference
password:
pwIdentifier
in
globalPasswordList
and
pwIdentifier
in
dfSpecificPasswordList,
(2) for Device: authentication state gained
a. by CVC with CHA in globalSecurityList if CVC is stored
in MF and dfSpecificSecurityList if CVC is stored in a DF,
b. by CVC with CHAT in bitSecurityList,
c. with symmetric authentication key: keyIdentity of the key,
d. with secure messaging keys: keyIdentity of the key used
for establishing the session key49.
146 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Timing of authentication (FIA_UAU.1)” as specified
below.
FIA_UAU.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.1.1
Timing of authentication
No other components.
FIA_UID.1 Timing of identification.
The TSF shall allow
(1) reading the ATR,
(2) [selection: GET CHALLENGE, MANAGE CHANNEL, MANAGE
46
Refinement: not only unsuccessful but all attempts shall be counted here – obviously this refinement is valid,
because the original requirement is still fulfilled.
47
[selection: met, surpassed]
48
[assignment: list of actions]
49
[assignment: list of security attributes]
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SECURITY ENVIRONMENT, SELECT]
(3) commands with access control rule ALWAYS for the current
life cycle status and depending on the interface,
(4) [assignment: list of additional TSF mediated actions]50
on behalf of the user to be performed before the user is authenticated.
FIA_UAU.1.2
The TSF shall require each user to be successfully authenticated before
allowing any other TSF-mediated actions on behalf of that user.
147 Application note 13: The TOE may or may not define TOE specific access control rules for the
commands GET CHALLENGE, MANAGE CHANNEL, MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT and
SELECT, cf. COS specification [21], (N022.810). If the TOE does not define access control
limitation for a command than the TOE shall allow the access for anybody (ALWAYS) and the
ST author shall list the command in the element FIA_UAU.1.1.
148 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Single-use authentication mechanisms (FIA_UAU.4)” as
specified below.
FIA_UAU.4
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.4.1
Single-use authentication mechanisms
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall prevent reuse of authentication data related to
(1) external device authentication by means of executing the
command EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE with symmetric or
asymmetric key,
(2) external device authentication by means of executing the
command MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE with symmetric or
asymmetric key,
(3) external device authentication by means of executing the
command GENERAL AUTHENTICATE with symmetric or
asymmetric key.
(4) [assignment: additional identified authentication
mechanism(s)]51.
149 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Multiple authentication mechanisms (FIA_UAU.5)” as
specified below.
FIA_UAU.5
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.5.1
Multiple authentication mechanisms
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide
(1) the execution of the VERIFY command,
(2) the execution of the CHANGE REFERENCE DATA command,
(3) the execution of the RESET RETRY COUNTER command,
(4) the execution of the EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE command,
50
[assignment: list of TSF mediated actions]
51
[assignment: identified authentication mechanism(s)]
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(5) the execution of the MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE command,
(6) the execution of the GENERAL AUTHENTICATE command,
(7) a secure messaging channel,
(8) a trusted channel52
to support user authentication.
FIA_UAU.5.2
The TSF shall authenticate any user's claimed identity according to the
following rules:
(1) password based authentication shall be used for authenticating
a human user by means of commands VERIFY, CHANGE
REFERENCE DATA and RESET RETRY COUNTER,
(2) key based authentication mechanisms shall be used for
authenticating of devices by means of commands EXTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE, MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE and GENERAL
AUTHENTICATE,
(3) [assignment: additional rules describing how the multiple
authentication mechanisms provide authentication]53.
150 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Re-authenticating (FIA_UAU.6)” as specified below:.
FIA_UAU.6
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.6.1
Re-authenticating
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall re-authenticate the user sender of a message54 under the
conditions
(1) each command sent to the TOE after establishing the secure
messaging channel by successful authentication by execution
of the INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE and EXTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE, or MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE or GENERAL
AUTHENTICATE commands shall be verified as being sent by
the authenticated device,
(2) each message received after establishing the trusted channel by
successful authentication by execution of the a combination of
INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE and EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE, or
MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE or GENERAL AUTHENTICATE
commands shall be verified as being sent by the authenticated
device55.
151 Application note 14: The entities establishing a secure messaging channel respective a trusted
channel authenticate each other and agree symmetric session keys. The sender of a command
authenticates its message by MAC calculation for the command (cf. PSO COMPUTE
CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM using SK4TC) and the receiver of the commands verifies the
authentication by MAC verification of commands (using SK4SM). The receiver of the commands
authenticates its message by MAC calculation (using SK4SM) and the sender of a command
52
[assignment: list of multiple authentication mechanisms]
53
[assignment: rules describing how the multiple authentication mechanisms provide authentication]
54
Refinement identifying the concrete user
55
[assignment: list of conditions under which re-authentication is required]
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verifies the authentication by MAC verification of responses (responses (cf. PSO VERIFY
CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM using SK4TC). If secure messaging is used with encryption the reauthentication includes the encrypted padding in the plaintext as authentication attempt of the
message sender (cf. PSO ENCIPHER for commands and secure messaging for responses) and
verification of the correct padding as authentication verification by the message receiver( cf.
secure messaging for received commands and PSO DECIPHER for received responses). The
specification [21] states in section 13.1.2 item (N031.600): This re-authentication is controlled by
the external entity (e.g. the connector in the eHealth environment). If no Secure Messaging is
indicated
in
the
CLA
byte
(see
[ISO7816-4]
Clause
5.1.1)
and
SessionkeyContext.flagSessionEnabled has the value SK4SM, then the security status of the key
that was involved in the negotiation of the session keys MUST be deleted by means of
clearSessionKeys(...).” Furthermore item (N031.700) states that the security status of the key that
was involved in the negotiation of the session keys MUST be deleted by means of
clearSessionKeys(...) if the check of the command CMAC or 3TDES-Retail CBC MAC fails. The
TOE does not execute any command with incorrect message authentication code. The TOE
checks each command by secure messaging in encrypt-then-authenticate mode based on a MAC,
whether it was sent by the successfully authenticated communication partner. The TOE does not
execute any command with incorrect MAC. Therefore, the TOE re-authenticates the
communication partner connected, if a secure messaging error occurred, and accepts only those
commands received from the initially communication partner.
152 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Timing of identification (FIA_UID.1)” as specified below.
FIA_UID.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UID.1.1
Timing of identification
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall allow
(1) reading the ATR
(2) [selection: GET CHALLENGE, MANAGE CHANNEL, MANAGE
SECURITY ENVIRONMENT, SELECT]
(3) commands with access control rule ALWAYS for the current
life cycle status and depending on the interface,
(4) [assignment: list of TSF mediated actions] 56
on behalf of the user to be performed before the user is identified.
FIA_UID.1.2
The TSF shall require each user to be successfully identified before
allowing any other TSF-mediated actions on behalf of that user.
153 Application note 15: The TOE may or may not define TOE specific access control rules for the
commands GET CHALLENGE, MANAGE CHANNEL, MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT and
SELECT, cf. COS specification [21], (N022.810). If the TOE does not define access control
limitation for these commands then the TOE shall allow the access for anybody (ALWAYS) and
the ST author shall list the command in the element FIA_UID.1.1.
154 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Authentication Proof of Identity (FIA_API.1)” as specified
below (Common Criteria Part 2 extended (see section 5.1)).
FIA_API.1
Hierarchical to:
56
Authentication Proof of Identity
No other components.
[assignment: list of TSF mediated actions]
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FIA_API.1.1
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide
(1) INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
(2) MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE,
(3) GENERAL AUTHENTICATE,
(4) PSO ENCIPHER and PSO COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC
CHECKSUM with SK4TC used for trusted channel commands57
to prove the identity of the TSF itself58.
155 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Security roles (FMT_SMR.1)” as specified below:
FMT_SMR.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_SMR.1.1
FMT_SMR.1.2
Security roles
No other components.
FIA_UID.1 Timing of identification
The TSF shall maintain the roles
(1) World as unauthenticated user without authentication reference
data,
(2) Human User authenticated by password in the role defined for
this password,
(3) Human User authenticated by PUC as holder of the
corresponding password,
(4) Device authenticated by means of symmetric key in the role
defined for this key,
(5) Device authenticated by means of asymmetric key in the role
defined by the Certificate Holder Authorisation in the CVC,
(6) [assignment: additional authorised identified roles] 59.
The TSF shall be able to associate users with roles.
156 Application note 16: The protection profile BSI-PP-0035 does not explicitly define role because
roles are linked to life cycle of the chip not addressed by SFR. Therefore the current PP defines
the role “World” relevant for all parts of the TOE (e.g. physical protection) and roles for COS
related SFR. The ST may add developer specific roles, e. g. for TSF data export according to
FPT_ITE.1/EXP.
157 Application note 17: Human users authenticate themselves by password or PUC. The role gained
by authorization with a password is defined in the security attributes of the objects and related to
identified commands. The authorization status is valid for the same level and in the level below in
the file hierarchy as the password object is stored. The role gained by authentication with a
symmetric key is defined in the security attributes of the objects and related to identified
commands. The assignment may assign additional role like the role defined for authentication by
means of PACE protocol or “none”.
158 The TOE shall meet the requirement “User-subject binding (FIA_USB.1)” as specified below.
57
[assignment: authentication mechanism]
58
[assignment: authorized user or rule].
59
[assignment: the authorised identified roles].
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
FIA_USB.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_USB.1.1
User-subject binding
No other components.
FIA_ATD.1 User attribute definition
The TSF shall associate the following user security attributes with
subjects acting on the behalf of that user:
(1) For Human User authenticated with password: pwIdentifier and
Authentication Context globalPasswordList and
dfPasswordList.
(2) For Human User authenticated with PUC: pwIdentifier of
corresponding password,
(3) For Device the Role authenticated by RSA based CVC : the
Certificate Holder Authorisation (CHA) in the CVC
(4) For Device the Role authenticated by ECC based CVC: the
Certificate Holder Authorisation Template (CHAT),
(5) For Device the Role authenticated by symmetric key:
keyIdentifier and Authentication Context.60
FIA_USB.1.2
The TSF shall enforce the following rules on the initial association of
user security attributes with subjects acting on the behalf of users:
(1) Initial Authentication State is “not authenticated”61.
FIA_USB.1.3
The TSF shall enforce the following rules governing changes to the user
security attributes associated with subjects acting on the behalf of users:
(1) The authentication state is changed to “authenticated Human
User” for the specific context when the Human User has
successfully authenticated via one of the following procedures:
a) VERIFY command using the context specific password
or the context specific Multi-Reference password,
b) CHANGE REFERENCE DATA command using the
password or the PUC of the password object.
(2) The authentication state is changed to “authenticated Device”
for the specific authentication context when a Device has
successfully authenticated via one of the following procedures:
c) EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE with symmetric or public
keys,
d) MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE with symmetric or public
keys,
e) GENERAL AUTHENTICATE with mutual ELC
authentication and
f) GENERAL AUTHENTICATE for asynchronous secure
messaging
(3) The effective access rights gained by ECC based CVC: the
CHAT are the intersection of the access rights encoded in the
CHAT of the CVC chain used as authentication reference data
of the Device.
(4) All authentication contexts are lost and the authentication state
60
[assignment: list of user security attributes]
61
[assignment: rules for the initial association of attributes]
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is set to “not authenticated” for all contexts if the TOE is reset.
(5) If a DELETE command is executed for an object the entity is
authenticated for the authentication state has to be set to
“not authenticated”.
(6) If an authentication attempt using one of the following
commands failed the authentication state for the specific context
has to be set to “not authenticated”: EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE, MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT
(variant with restore).
(7) If a context change by using the SELECT command is performed
the authentication state for all objects of the old authentication
context not belonging to the new context of the performed
SELECT command have to be set to “not authenticated”.
(8) If failure of secure messaging (not indicated in CLA-byte, or
erroneous MAC, or erroneous cryptogram) is detected the
authentication status of the device in the current context set to
“not authenticated” (i.e. the element in globalSecurityList
respective in dfSecurityList and the used SK4SM are deleted).
(9) If the message received in commands PSO VERIFY
CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM fails the verification or the
message received in command PSO DECIPHER fail the padding
condition the authentication state of the user bount to the
SK4TC is changed to “ not authenticated” (i.e. the
keyReferenceList.macCalculation, keyReferenceList.
dataEncipher and the SK4TC are deleted).
(10) [assignment: further rules for the changing of attributes]62.
159 Application note 18: Note the security attributes of the user are defined by the authentication
reference data. The user may chose security attributes of the subjects interface in the power on
session and seIdentifier by execution of command MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT for the
current directory.
6.1.6 Access Control
160 Application note 19: This section defines SFR for access control on User data in the object
system.
The
SFR
FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF, FDP_ACF.1/EF, FDP_ACF.1/TEF, FDP_ACF.1/SEF and FDP_ACF.1/KEY describe
the security attributes of the subject gaining access to these objects. The COS specification [21]
describes the attributes of logical channels (i.e. subjects in CC terminology) which is valid for the
core of COS including all packages. The globalSecurityList and dfSecurityList contain all
keyIdentifier used for successful device authentications, i.e. the list may be empty, may contain a
CHA, a key identifier of a symmetric authentication key or CAN (in form of the keyIdentifier of
the derived key) used with PACE. Because of this common structure there is no need for separate
SFR in package Contactless.
161 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Subset access control (FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF)” as specified
below.
62
[assignment: rules for the changing of attributes]
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FDP_ACC.1/
MF_DF
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACC.1.1/
MF_DF
Subset access control
No other components.
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based access control.
The TSF shall enforce the access control MF_DF SFP63 on
(1) the subjects logical channel bind to users
a. World,
b. Human User,
c. Device,
d. Human User and Device,
[assignment: list of further subjects],
(2) the objects
a. MF,
b. Application,
c. Dedicated file,
d. Application dedicated file,
e. [assignment: list of further objects],
(3) the operation by command following
a. SELECT,
b. create objects with command LOAD APPLICATION with and
without command chaining,
c. delete objects with command DELETE,
d. read fingerprint with command FINGERPRINT,
e. [assignment: all other operations applicable to MF and
DF].64
162 Application note 20: Note the commands ACTIVATE, DEACTIVATE and, TERMINATE DF for
current file applicable to MF, DF, Application and Application dedicated file manage the security
life cycle attributes. Therefore access control to theses commands are described by
FMT_MSA.1/Life.
163 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Security attribute based access control (FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF)” as specified below.
FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF
Hierarchical to:
Security attribute based access control
Dependencies:
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute initialisation
The TSF shall enforce the access control MF_DF SFP65 to objects based
on the following
(1) the subject logical channel with security attributes
a. interface,
b. globalPasswordList,
c. globalSecurityList,
d. dfPasswordList,
FDP_ACF.1.1/
MF_DF
63
No other components.
64
[assignment: access control SFP]
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
65
[assignment: access control SFP]
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e.
f.
g.
h.
dfSecurityList,
bitSecurityList,
SessionkeyContext,
[assignment: further subjects listed in
FDP_ACC.1.1/MF_DF with their security attributes]
(2) the objects
a. MF with security attributes lifeCycleStatus, seIdentifier and
interfaceDependentAccessRules,
b. DF with security attributes lifeCycleStatus, seIdentifier and
interfaceDependentAccessRules,
c. Application with security attributes lifeCycleStatus,
seIdentifier and interfaceDependentAccessRules,
d. Application dedicated file with security attributes
lifeCycleStatus, seIdentifier and
interfaceDependentAccessRules,
e. [assignment: list of further objects listed in
FDP_ACC.1.1/MF_DF with their security attributes]66
66
[assignment: list of subjects and objects controlled under the indicated SFP, and for each, the SFP-relevant
security attributes, or named groups of SFP-relevant security attributes]
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FDP_ACF.1.2/
MF_DF
The TSF shall enforce the following rules to determine if an operation
among controlled subjects and controlled objects is allowed:
(1) SELECT is [selection:ALWAYS allowed, [assignment: supported
access control rules]].
(2) GET CHALLENGE is [selection:ALWAYS allowed, [assignment:
supported access control rules]].
(3) A subject is allowed to create new objects (user data or TSF
data) in the current folder MF if the security attributes interface,
globalPasswordList, globalSecurityList and SessionkeyContext
of the subject meet the access rules for the command LOAD
APPLICATION of the MF dependent on lifeCycleStatus,
seIdentifier and interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(4) A subject is allowed to create new objects (user data or TSF
data) in the current folder Application, Dedicated file or
Application Dedicated file if the security attributes interface,
dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext of the
subject meet the access rules for the command LOAD
APPLICATION of this object dependent on lifeCycleStatus,
seIdentifier and interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(5) A subject is allowed to DELETE objects in the current folder MF
if the security attributes interface, globalPasswordList,
globalSecurityList and SessionkeyContext of the subject meet
the access rules for the command DELETE of the MF dependent
on lifeCycleStatus, seIdentifier and
interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(6) A subject is allowed to DELETE objects in the current
Application, Dedicated file or Application, Dedicated file if the
security attributes interface, dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and
SessionkeyContext of the subject meet the access rules for the
command DELETE of this object dependent on lifeCycleStatus,
seIdentifier and interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(7) A subject is allowed to execute command FINGERPRINT
according to FPT_ITE.1 if [assignment: list of security
attributes of subjects].
(8) [assignment: further list of subjects, objects, and operations
among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]67
FDP_ACF.1.3/
MF_DF
The TSF shall explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects based on
the following additional rules: None68
FDP_ACF.1.4/
MF_DF
The TSF shall explicitly deny access of subjects to objects based on the
following additional rules: [assignment: rules, based on security
attributes, that explicitly deny access of subjects to objects].
164 Application note 21: The object system defines sets of access control rules depending on the life
cycle status, security environment and the used interface (i.e. contact based or contactless
interface). The security environment may be chosen for the current folder by means of command
MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT. The command SELECT is therefore pre-requisite for many
67
[assignment: rules governing access among controlled subjects and controlled objects using controlled
operations on controlled objects]
68
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects]
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other commands. The access control rule defines for each command, which is defined by CLA,
INS, P1 and P2 and acceptable for the type of the object, the necessary security state, which is
reached by successful authentication of human user and devices, to allow the access to the
selected object. Note the command FINGERPRINT process the data representing the TOE
implementation like user data (i.e. hash value calculation, no execution or interpretation as code)
and is developer specific. Therefore the ST writer shall describe the TOE specific access control
rules for these commands. The ST writer shall perform the open operations where “none” is
allowed.
165 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Subset access control (FDP_ACC.1/EF)” as specified
below.
FDP_ACC.1/EF
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACC.1.1/EF
Subset access control
No other components.
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based access control.
The TSF shall enforce the access control EF SFP69 on
(1) the subjects logical channel bind to users
a. World,
b. Human User,
c. Device,
d. Human User and Device,
e. [assignment: list of further subjects]
(2) the objects
a. EF,
b. Transparent EF,
c. Structured EF,
d. [assignment: list of further objects],
(3) the operation by command following
a. SELECT,
b. DELETE of the current file,
c. [assignment: further operations]70.
166 Application note 22: Note the commands ACTIVATE, DEACTIVATE and, TERMINATE DF for
current file applicable to EF, Transparent EF and Structured EF manage the security life cycle
attributes. Therefore access control to theses commands are described by FMT_MSA.1/Life.The
commands CREATE, GET DATA, GET RESPONSE and PUT DATA are optional. If implemented by
the TOE these commands shall be added to the corresponding FDP_ACC.1 and FDP_ACF.1
SFR. The commands specific for transparent files are described in FDP_ACC.1/TEF and
FDP_ACF.1/TEF SFR. The commands specific for structured files are described in
FDP_ACC.1/SEF and FDP_ACF.1/SEF SFR.
167 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Security attribute based access control (FDP_ACF.1/EF)”
as specified below.
69
[assignment: access control SFP]
70
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
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FDP_ACF.1/EF
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACF.1.1/EF
Security attribute based access control
No other components.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute initialisation
The TSF shall enforce the access rule EF SFP71 to objects based on the
following
(1) the subject logical channel with security attributes
a. interface,
b. globalPasswordList,
c. globalSecurityList,
d. dfPasswordList,
e. dfSecurityList,
f. bitSecurityList,
g. SessionkeyContext,
h. [assignment: further subjects listed in FDP_ACC.1.1/EF]
(2) the objects
a. EF with security attributes seIdentifier of the current folder,
lifeCycleStatus and interfaceDependentAccessRules of the
EF, and [selection: transaction protection Mode,
checksum],
b. [assignment: list of further objects listed in
FDP_ACC.1.1/EF with their security attributes] 72
FDP_ACF.1.2/EF
The TSF shall enforce the following rules to determine if an operation
among controlled subjects and controlled objects is allowed:
(1) SELECT is [selection:ALWAYS allowed, [assignment: supported
access control rules]].
(2) A subject is allowed to DELETE the current EF if the security
attributes interface, dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and
SessionkeyContext of the subject meet the access rules for the
command DELETE of this object dependent on lifeCycleStatus,
interfaceDependentAccessRules and seIdentifier of the current
folder.
(3) [assignment: further list of subjects, objects, and operations
among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]73
FDP_ACF.1.3/EF
The TSF shall explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects based on
the following additional rules: none74.
FDP_ACF.1.4/EF
The TSF shall explicitly deny access of subjects to objects based on the
following additional rules: [assignment: rules, based on security
attributes, that explicitly deny access of subjects to objects]
71
[assignment: access control SFP]
72
[assignment: rules governing access among controlled subjects and controlled objects using controlled
operations on controlled objects]
73
[assignment: rules governing access among controlled subjects and controlled objects using controlled
operations on controlled objects]
74
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects]
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168 Application note 23: The EF stands here for transparent EF and structured EF, which access
control is further refined by FDP_ACF.1/TEF and FDP_ACF.1/SEF. The selection of
“transaction protection Mode” and “checksum” may be empty because they are optional in the
COS specification [21].
169 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Subset access control (FDP_ACC.1/TEF)” as specified
below.
FDP_ACC.1/TEF
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACC.1.1/TEF
Subset access control
No other components.
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based access control.
The TSF shall enforce the access rule TEF SFP75 on
(1) the subjects logical channel bind to users
a. World,
b. Human User,
c. Device,
d. Human User and Device,
e. [assignment: further subjects]
(2) the objects
a. Transparent EF,
b. [assignment: list of further objects]
(3) the operation by the following command
a. ERASE BINARY,
b. READ BINARY,
c. UPDATE BINARY,
d. WRITE BINARY,
e. [assignment: further operation]76.
170 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Security attribute based access control (FDP_ACF.1/TEF)”
as specified below.
FDP_ACF.1/TEF
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACF.1.1/TEF
Security attribute based access control
No other components.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute initialisation
The TSF shall enforce the access rule TEF SFP77 to objects based on the
following
(1) the subjects logical channel with security attributes
a. interface,
b. globalPasswordList,
c. globalSecurityList,
d. dfPasswordList,
e. dfSecurityList,
f. bitSecurityList,
g. SessionkeyContext,
a. [assignment: further subjects listed in FDP_ACC.1.1/TEF]
(2) the objects
75
[assignment: access control SFP]
76
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
77
[assignment: access control SFP]
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a. with security attributes seIdentifier of the current folder,
lifeCycleStatus and interfaceDependentAccessRules of the
current Transparent EF, and [selection: transaction
protection Mode, checksum],
b. [assignment: list of further objects listed in
FDP_ACC.1.1/TEF] 78
FDP_ACF.1.2/TEF
The TSF shall enforce the following rules to determine if an operation
among controlled subjects and controlled objects is allowed:
(1) The subject is allowed to execute the command listed in
FDP_ACC.1.1/TEF for the current Transparent EF if the
security attributes interface, dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and
SessionkeyContext of the subject meet the access rules of this
object for this command dependent on seIdentifier of the current
folder, lifeCycleStatus and interfaceDependentAccessRules of
the current Transparent EF.
(2) [assignment: further list of subjects, objects, and operations
among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]79.
FDP_ACF.1.3/TEF
The TSF shall explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects based on
the following additional rules: none80.
FDP_ACF.1.4/TEF
The TSF shall explicitly deny access of subjects to objects based on the
following additional rules: Rules defined in FDP_ACF.1.4/EF apply,
and [assignment: additional rules, based on security attributes, that
explicitly deny access of subjects to objects]81.
171 Application note 24: The selection of “transaction protection Mode” and “checksum” may be
empty because they are optional in the COS specification [21]. If the checksum of the data to be
read by READ BINARY is malicious the TOE must append a warning when exporting. Exporting
of malicious data should be taken into account by the evaluator during evaluation of class AVA:
vulnerability assessment.
172 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Subset access control (FDP_ACC.1/SEF)” as specified
below.
FDP_ACC.1/SEF
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACC.1.1/
SEF
Subset access control
No other components.
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based access control.
The TSF shall enforce the access rule SEF SFP82 on
(1) the subjects logical channel bind to users
a. World,
b. Human User
c. Device
78
[assignment: rules governing access among controlled subjects and controlled objects using controlled
operations on controlled objects]
79
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
80
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects]
81
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly deny access of subjects to objects]
82
[assignment: access control SFP]
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d. Human User and Device,
e. [assignment: further subjects]
(2) the objects
a. record in Structured EF
b. [assignment: list of further objects]
(3) the operation by command following
a. Append Record,
b. Erase Record,
c. Read Record,
d. Search Record,
e. Update Record,
f. [assignment: further operation]83.
173 The command WRITE RECORD is optional. If implemented by the TOE this command shall be
added to the corresponding FDP_ACC.1/SEF and FDP_ACF.1/SEF SFR.
174 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Security attribute based access control (FDP_ACF.1/SEF)”
as specified below.
FDP_ACF.1/SEF
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACF.1.1/SEF
FDP_ACF.1.2/SEF
Security attribute based access control
No other components.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute initialisation
The TSF shall enforce the access rule SEF SFP84 to objects based on the
following
(1) the subjects logical channel with security attributes
a. interface,
b. globalPasswordList,
c. globalSecurityList,
d. dfPasswordList,
e. dfSecurityList,
f. bitSecurityList,
g. SessionkeyContext,
a. [assignment: further subjects listed in FDP_ACC.1.1/SEF]
(2) the objects
a. with security attributes seIdentifier of the current folder,
lifeCycleStatus and interfaceDependentAccessRules of the
current Structured EF, and lifeCycleStatus of the record,
b. [assignment: list of further objects listed in
FDP_ACC.1.1/SEF]85
The TSF shall enforce the following rules to determine if an operation
among controlled subjects and controlled objects is allowed:
(1) The subject is allowed to execute the command listed in
FDP_ACC.1.1/SEF for the record of the current Structered EF if
the security attributes interface, dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList
83
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
84
[assignment: access control SFP]
85
[assignment: rules governing access among controlled subjects and controlled objects using controlled
operations on controlled objects]
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and SessionkeyContext of the subject meet the access rules of
this object for this command dependent on seIdentifier of the
current folder, lifeCycleStatus and
interfaceDependentAccessRules of the current Structered EF,
and lifeCycleStatus of the record.
(2) [assignment: further list of subjects, objects, and operations
among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]86.
FDP_ACF.1.3/SEF
The TSF shall explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects based on
the following additional rules: none.87.
FDP_ACF.1.4/SEF
The TSF shall explicitly deny access of subjects to objects based on the
following additional rules: Rules defined in FDP_ACF.1.4/EF apply,
and [assignment: additional rules, based on security attributes, that
explicitly deny access of subjects to objects]88.
175 Application note 25: Keys can be TSF or user data. As SFR FDP_ACC.1/KEY and
FDP_ACF.1/KEY address protection of user data the keys defined in these SFR as objects are
user keys only. Keys used for authentication are TSF data and are therefore not in the scope of
these two SFR. Please note that the PSO ENCIPHER, PSO DECIPHER, PSO COMPUTE
CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM, and PSO VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM are used with the
SK4TC for trusted channel. If these commands are used in the context trusted channel the key
used is TSF data and not user data. Therefore the SFR FDP_ACC.1/KEY and FDP_ACF.1/KEY
are not applicable on the commands used for trusted channel.
176 Application note 26: If the checksum of the record to be read by READ RECORD is malicious the
TOE must append a warning when exporting. Exporting of malicious data should be taken into
account by the evaluator during evaluation of class AVA: vulnerability assessment
177 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Subset access control (FDP_ACC.1/KEY)” as specified
below.
FDP_ACC.1/KEY
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACC.1.1/KEY
Subset access control
No other components.
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based access control.
The TSF shall enforce the access control key SFP89 on
(1) the subjects logical channel bind to users
a. World,
b. Human User
c. Device
d. Human User and Device,
e. [assignment: further subjects]
(2) the objects
a. symmetric key used for user data,
b. private asymmetric key used for user data,
c. public asymmetric key for signature verification used for
86
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
87
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects]
88
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly deny access of subjects to objects]
89
[assignment: access control SFP]
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user data,
d. public asymmetric key for encryption used for user data,
e. ephemeral keys used during Diffie-Hellmann key
exchange,
f. [assignment: list of further objects]
(3) the operation by command following
a. DELETE for private, public and symmetric key objects,
b. MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT,
c. GENERATE ASYMMETRIC KEY PAIR,
d. PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE,
e. PSO VERIFY DIGITAL SIGNATURE,
f. PSO COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM,
g. PSO VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM,
h. PSO ENCIPHER,
i. PSO DECIPHER,
j. PSO TRANSCIPHER,
k. [assignment: further operation]90.
178 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FDP_ACF.1/KEY)” as specified below.
FDP_ACF.1/KEY
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACF.1.1/KEY
“Security
attribute
based
access
Security attribute based access control
No other components.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute initialisation
The TSF shall enforce the access control key SFP91 to objects based on
the following
(1) the subjects logical channel with security attributes
a. interface,
b. globalPasswordList,
c. globalSecurityList,
d. dfPasswordList,
e. dfSecurityList,
f. bitSecurityList,
g. SessionkeyContext,
h. [assignment: further subjects listed in FDP_ACC.1.1/KEY]
(2) the objects
a. symmetric key used for user data with security attributes
seIdentifier of the current folder, lifeCycleStatus and
interfaceDependentAccessRules, the key type (encryption
key or mac key), interfaceDependentAccessRules for
session keys
b. private asymmetric key used for user data with security
attributes seIdentifier of the current folder, lifeCycleStatus
and interfaceDependentAccessRules,
c. public asymmetric key for signature verification used for
user data with security attributes seIdentifier of the current
folder, lifeCycleStatus and interfaceDependentAccessRules,
90
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
91
[assignment: access control SFP]
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d. public asymmetric key for encryption used for user data
with security attributes seIdentifier of the current folder,
lifeCycleStatus and interfaceDependentAccessRules,
e. ephemeral keys used during Diffie-Hellmann key exchange
f. [assignment: list of further objects listed in
FDP_ACC.1.1/KEY] 92
FDP_ACF.1.2/KEY
92
The TSF shall enforce the following rules to determine if an operation
among controlled subjects and controlled objects is allowed:
(1) MANAGE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT is [selection:ALWAYS
allowed, [assignment: supported access control rules]] in cases
defined in FDP_ACF.1.4/KEY.
(2) A subject is allowed to DELETE an object listed in
FDP_ACF.1.1/KEY if the security attributes interface,
dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext of the
subject meet the access rules for the command DELETE of this
object dependent on seIdentifier of the current folder,
lifeCycleStatus and interfaceDependentAccessRules,
(3) A subject is allowed to generate a new asymmetric key pair or
change the content of existing objects if the security attributes
interface, dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext
of the subject meet the access rules for the command GENERATE
ASYMMETRIC KEY PAIR of this object dependent on seIdentifier
of the current folder, lifeCycleStatus, the key type and
interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(4) A subject is allowed to compute digital signatures using the
private asymmetric key for user data if the security attributes
interface, dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext
of the subject meet the access rules for the command PSO
COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE of this object dependent on
seIdentifier of the current folder, lifeCycleStatus, the key type
and interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(5) A subject is allowed to verify digital signatures using the public
asymmetric key for user data if the security attributes interface,
dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext of the
subject meet the access rules for the command PSO VERIFY
DIGITAL SIGNATURE of this object dependent on seIdentifier of
the current folder, lifeCycleStatus, the key type and
interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(6) A subject is allowed to compute a cryptographic checksum with
a symmetric key used for user data if the security attributes
interface, dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext
of the subject meet the access rules for the command PSO
COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM of this object
dependent on seIdentifier of the current folder, lifeCycleStatus,
the key type and interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(7) A subject is allowed to verify a cryptographic checksum with a
symmetric key used for user data if the security attributes
interface, dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext
[assignment: rules governing access among controlled subjects and controlled objects using controlled
operations on controlled objects]
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of the subject meet the access rules for the command PSO
VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM of this object dependent
on seIdentifier of the current folder, lifeCycleStatus, the key type
and interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(8) A subject is allowed encrypt user data using the asymmetric key
if the security attributes interface, dfPasswordList,
dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext of the subject meet the
access rules for the command PSO ENCIPHER of this object
dependent on seIdentifier of the current folder, lifeCycleStatus,
the key type and interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(9) A subject is allowed decrypt user data using the asymmetric key
if the security attributes interface, dfPasswordList,
dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext of the subject meet the
access rules for the command PSO DECIPHER of this object
dependent on seIdentifier of the current folder, lifeCycleStatus,
the key type and interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(10) A subject is allowed decrypt and to encrypt user data using the
asymmetric keys if the security attributes interface,
dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and SessionkeyContext of the
subject meet the access rules for the command PSO
TRANSCIPHER of both keys dependent on seIdentifier of the
current folder, lifeCycleStatus, the key type and
interfaceDependentAccessRules.
(11) [assignment: further list of subjects, objects, and operations
among subjects and objects covered by the SFP] 93.
FDP_ACF.1.3/KEY
The TSF shall explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects based on
the following additional rules: none.94.
FDP_ACF.1.4/KEY
The TSF shall explicitly deny access of subjects to objects based on the
following additional rules [assignment: list of subjects, objects, and
operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP].
179 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Specification of Management Functions (FMT_SMF.1)” as
specified below.
FMT_SMF.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_SMF.1.1
Specification of Management Functions
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall be capable of performing the following management
functions:
(1) Initialization,
(2) Personalization,
(3) Life Cycle Management by means of commands GENERATE
ASYMMETRIC KEY PAIR, DELETE, LOAD APPLICATION,
TERMINATE, TERMINATE DF, TERMINATE CARD USAGE,
[assignment: list of further management functions to be provided by
the TSF]
93
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
94
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects]
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(4) Management of access control security attributes by means of
commands ACTIVATE, DEACTIVATE, ACTIVATE RECORD,
DEACTIVATE RECORD, ENABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT,
DISABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT,
(5) Management of password objects attributes by means of commands
CHANGE REFERENCE DATA, RESET RETRY COUNTER, GET PIN
STATUS, VERIFY,
(6) Management of device authentication reference data by means of
commands PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE, GET SECURITY STATUS KEY
(7) [assignment: list of further management functions to be provided by
the TSF]95
180 Application note 27: The protection profile BSI-PP-0035 [11] describes initialisation and
personalisation as management functions. The ST author shall assign the COS commands
dedicated for these management functions.
181 Application note 28: CREATE is an optional command. The ST writer should add it to the
commands for the Life Cycle Management listed in FMT_SMF.1 and FMT_MSA.1/Life if
implemented.
182 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Management of security attributes (FMT_MSA.1/Life)” as
specified below.
FMT_MSA.1/Life
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MSA.1.1/Life
Management of security attributes
No other components.
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control, or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow control]
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of Management Functions
The TSF shall enforce the access control MF_DF SFP, access control
EF SFP, access rule TEF SFP, access rule SEF SFP and access control
key SFP96 to restrict the ability to
(1) create97 all security attributes of the new object DF,
Application, Application dedicated file, EF, TEF and SEF98 to
subjects allowed execution of command LOAD APPLICATION
for the MF, DF, Application, Application dedicated file where
the new object is created99,
(2) change100 the security attributes lifeCycleStatus to
„Operational state (active)“101 to subjects allowed execution
of command ACTIVATE for the selected object102,
95
[assignment: list of management functions to be provided by the TSF]
96
[assignment: access control SFP(s), information flow control SFP(s)]
97
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
98
[assignment: list of security attributes]
99 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
100
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
101
[assignment: list of security attributes]
102 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
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(3) change103 the security attributes lifeCycleStatus to
„Operational state (deactivated)“104 to subjects allowed
execution of command DEACTIVATE for the selected
object105,
(4) change106 the security attributes lifeCycleStatus to
„Termination state”107 to subjects allowed execution of
command TERMINATE for the selected EF, the key object
or the password object108,
(5) change109 the security attributes lifeCycleStatus to
„Termination state”110 to subjects allowed execution of
command TERMINATE DF for the selected DF, Application
or Application File111,
(6) change112the security attributes lifeCycleStatus to
„Termination state”113 to subjects allowed execution of
command TERMINATE CARD USAGE114,
(7) qurey115the security attributes lifeCycleStatus to by means
of command SELECT116 to [selection:ALWAYS allowed,
[assignment: supported access control rules]]117,
(8) delete118 all security attributes of the selected object119 to
subjects allowed execution of command DELETE for the
selected object120 to [assignment: list of further security
attributes with the authorised identified roles].
The subject logical channel is allowed to execute a command if the
security attributes interface, globalPasswordList, globalSecurityList,
dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList, bitSecurityList SessionkeyContext of
103
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
104
[assignment: list of security attributes]
105 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
106 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
107 [assignment: list of security attributes]
108 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
109 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
110 [assignment: list of security attributes]
111 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
112 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
113 [assignment: list of security attributes]
114 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
115 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
116 [assignment: list of security attributes]
117 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
118 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
119 [assignment: list of security attributes]
120 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
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the subject meet the security attributes lifeCycleStatus, seIdentifier
and interfaceDependentAccessRules of the affected object.
183 Application note 29: The refinements repeat the structure of the element in order to avoid iteration
of the same SFR.
184 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Management of security attributes (FMT_MSA.1/SEF)” as
specified below.
FMT_MSA.1/SEF
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MSA.1.1/SEF
Management of security attributes
No other components.
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control, or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow control]
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of Management Functions
The TSF shall enforce the access control SEF SFP121 to restrict the
ability to
(1) change122 the security attributes lifeCycleStatus of the selected
record to „Operational state (active)“123 to subjects allowed to
execute the command ACTIVATE RECORD124
(2) change125 the security attributes lifeCycleStatus of the
selected record to „Operational state (deactived)“126 to
subjects allowed to execute the command DEACTIVATE
RECORD127,
(3) delete128 all security attributes of the selected record129 to
subjects allowed to execute the command ERASE RECORD130,
(4) [assignment: list of further security attributes with the
authorised identified roles].
The subject logical channel is allowed to execute a command if the
security attributes interface, globalPasswordList, globalSecurityList,
dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList, bitSecurityList SessionkeyContext of
the subject meet the security attributes lifeCycleStatus, seIdentifier
and interfaceDependentAccessRules of the affected object.
121 [assignment: access control SFP(s), information flow control SFP(s)]
122 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
123 [assignment: list of security attributes]
124 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
125 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
126 [assignment: list of security attributes]
127 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
128 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
129 [assignment: list of security attributes]
130 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
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185 Application note 30: The access rights can be described in FMT_MSA.1/SEF in more detail. The
“authorised identified roles” could therefore be interpreted in a wider scope including the context
where the command is allowed to be executed. The refinements repeat the structure of the
element in order to avoid iteration of the same SFR.
186 THE TOE SHAll meet the requirement “Static attribute initialisation (FMT_MSA.3)” AS SPECIFIED
BELOW.
FMT_MSA.3
HIERARCHical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MSA.3.1
FMT_MSA.3.2
Static attribute initialisation
No other components.
FMT_MSA.1 Management of security attributes
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
The TSF shall enforce the the access control MF_DF SFP, access
control EF SFP, access rule TEF SFP, access rule SEF SFP and access
control key SFP131 to provide restrictive132 default values for security
attributes that are used to enforce the SFP. After reset the security
attributes of the subject are set as follows
(1) currentFolder is root,
(2) keyReferenceList, globalSecurityList, globalPasswordList,
dfSpecificSecurityList, dfSpecificPasswordList and
bitSecurityList are empty,
(3) SessionkeyContext.flagSessionEnabled is set to noSK,
(4) seIdentifier is #1,
(5) currentFile is undefined.
The TSF shall allow the subjects allowed to execute the command LOAD
APPLICATION133 to specify alternative initial values to override the
default values when an object or information is created.
187 Application note 31: The refinements provide rules for setting restrictive security attributes after
reset.
188 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Management of TSF data - PIN (FMT_MTD.1/PIN)” as
specified below.
FMT_MTD.1/PIN
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MTD.1.1/PIN
Management of TSF data - PIN
No other components.
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of Management Functions
The TSF shall restrict the ability to
(1) set new secret of the password objects by means of command
CHANGE REFERENCE DATA with (CLA,INS,P1)=(00,24,00)134 135
to subjects successful authenticated with the old secret of this
131
[assignment: access control SFP, information flow control SFP]
132
[selection, choose one of: restrictive, permissive, [assignment: other property]]
133
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
134
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
135
[assignment: other operations]
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password object136,
(2) set new secret of the password objects by means of command
CHANGE REFERENCE DATA with (CLA,INS,P1)=(00,24,01)137
138 to World139,
(3) set new secret of the password objects by means of command
RESET RETRY COUNTER with (CLA,INS,P1)=(00,2C,00)140 141
to subjects successful authenticated with the PUC of this
password object 142
(4) set new secret of the password objects by means of command
RESET RETRY COUNTER with (CLA,INS,P1)=(00,2C,02)143 144
to World145.
189 Application note 32: The TOE provides access control to the commands depending on the object
system. The refinements repeat the structure of the element in order to avoid iteration of the same
SFR. The command RESET RETRY COUNTER with new password has (CLA,INS,P1)=(00,2C,00).
190 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Management of security attributes - PIN
(FMT_MSA.1/PIN)” as specified below.
FMT_MSA.1/PIN
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MSA.1.1/PIN
Management of security attributes - PIN
No other components.
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control, or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow control]
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of Management Functions
The TSF shall enforce the the access control MF_DF SFP, access
control EF SFP, access rule TEF SFP, access rule SEF SFP and access
control key SFP146 to restrict the ability to
(1) reset by means of commands VERIFY147 148 the security attribute
retry counter of password objects149 to subjects successful
authenticated with the secret of this password object150,
136
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
137
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
138
[assignment: other operations]
139
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
140
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
141
[assignment: other operations]
142
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
143
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
144
[assignment: other operations]
145
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
146
[assignment: access control SFP(s), information flow control SFP(s)]
147
[assignment: other operations]
148
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
149
[assignment: list of security attributes]
150
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
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(2) reset by means of commands CHANGE REFERENCE DATA
with (CLA,INS,P1)=(00,24,00)151 152 the security attribute
retry counter of password objects 153 to subjects successful
authenticated with the old secret of this password object 154,
(3) reset by means of command RESET RETRY COUNTER with
(CLA,INS,P1)=(00,2C,01)155 156 the security attribute retry
counter of password objects 157 to subjects successful
authenticated with the PUC of this password object 158,
(4) reset by means of command RESET RETRY COUNTER with
(CLA,INS,P1)=(00,2C,03)159 160 the security attribute retry
counter of password objects 161to World 162,
(5) read by means of command GET PIN STATUS163 164 the
security attributes “enabled/disabled”, retry counter,
transport protection of password objects165 to World166
(5) enable167 the security attributes requiring authentication
with the selected password168 to subjects allowed to execute
the command ENABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT169,
(6) disable170 the security attributes requiring authentication
with the selected password171 to subjects allowed to execute
the command DISABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT172.
151
[assignment: other operations]
152
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
153
[assignment: list of security attributes]
154
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
155
[assignment: other operations]
156
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
157
[assignment: list of security attributes]
158
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
159
[assignment: other operations]
160
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
161
[assignment: list of security attributes]
162
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
163
[assignment: other operations]
164
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
165
[assignment: list of security attributes]
166
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
167 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
168 [assignment: list of security attributes]
169 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
170 [selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
171 [assignment: list of security attributes]
172 [assignment: the authorised identified roles]
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191 Application note 33: The TOE provides access control to the commands depending on the object
system. The refinements repeat the structure of the element in order to avoid iteration of the same
SFR. The command DISABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT can be used to disable the need to
perform successful authentication via the selected password or Multi-Reference password, i.e.
any authentication attempt will be successful. The command ENABLE VERIFICATION
REQUIREMENT can be used to enable the need to perform an authentication. The access rights to
execute these commands can be limited to specific authenticated subjects. For example: the
execution of DISABLE VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT should not be allowed for signing
applications.
192 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Management of TSF data – Authentication data
(FMT_MTD.1/Auth)” as specified below.
FMT_MTD.1/Auth
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MTD.1.1/
Auth
Management of TSF data – Authentication data
No other components.
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of Management Functions
The TSF shall restrict the ability to
(1) import by means of commands LOAD APPLICATION173 the root
public keys to roles autorized to execute this command174,
(2) import by means of commands PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE175
the root public keys to roles autorized to execute this
command176,
(3) import by means of commands PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE177
the certificates as device authentication reference data to roles
autorized to execute this command178,
(4) select by means of command MANAGE SECURITY
ENVIRONMENT179 the device authentication reference data to
[selection: World, roles autorized to execute this command]180.
The subject logical channel is allowed to execute a command if the
security attributes interface, globalPasswordList, globalSecurityList,
dfPasswordList, dfSecurityList and bitSecurityList SessionkeyContext
of the subject meet the security attributes lifeCycleStatus,
seIdentifier and interfaceDependentAccessRules of the affected
object.
193 Application note 34: The TOE provides access control to the commands depending on the object
system. The refinements repeat the structure of the element in order to avoid iteration of the same
173
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
174
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
175
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
176
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
177
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
178
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
179
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
180
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
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SFR. If root public keys are imported according to clause (2) this public key will be stored in the
persistentPublicKeyList of the object system.
194 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Management of security attributes (FMT_MSA.1/Auth)” as
specified below.
FMT_MSA.1/Auth
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MSA.1.1/
Auth
Management of security attributes
No other components.
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control, or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow control]
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of Management Functions
The TSF shall enforce the access control key SFP181 to restrict the
ability to query182183 the security attributes access control rights set for
the key184 to meet the access rules of command GET SECURITY STATUS
KEYof the object dependent on lifeCycleStatus, seIdentifier and
interfaceDependentAccessRules 185.
195 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Management of TSF data – No export (FMT_MTD.1/NE)”
as specified below.
FMT_MTD.1/NE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MTD.1.1/NE
Management of TSF data – No export
No other components.
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of Management Functions
The TSF shall restrict the ability to
(1) export TSF data according to FPT_ITE.2186 the
(a) public authentication reference data,
(b) security attributes for objects of the object system
(c) [assignment: list of all TOE specific security attributes not
described in COS specification [21]]187 188
to [assignment: list of security attributes of subjects]189
(2) export190 the following TSF-data
(a) Password
(b) Multi-Reference password
(c) PUC
181
[assignment: access control SFP(s), information flow control SFP(s)]
182
[assignment: other operations]
183
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, [assignment: other operations]]
184
[assignment: list of security attributes]
185
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
186
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
187
[assignment: list of TSF data]
188
[assignment: other operations]
189
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
190
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
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(d) Private keys
(e) Session keys
(f) Symmetric authentication keys
(g) Private authentication keys
(h) [assignment: list of types of TSF data]
and the following user data
(i) Private keys of the user
(j) Symmetric keys of the user
(k) [assignment: list of types of user data]191
to nobody192.
6.1.7 Cryptographic Functions
196 The TOE provides cryptographic services based on elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) using the
following curves refered to as COS standard curves in the following
(1) length 256 bit
(a) brainpoolP256r1 defined in RFC5639 [41],
(b) ansix9p256r1] defined in ANSI X.9.62 [42],
(2) length 384
(a) brainpoolP384r1 defined in RFC5639 [41],
(b) ansix9p384r1 defined in ANSI X.9.62 [42],
(3) length 512 bit
(a) brainpoolP512r1] defined in RFC5639 [41].
197 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Random number generation (FCS_RNG.1)” as specified
below.
FCS_RNG.1
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_RNG.1.1
Random number generation
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a [selection: deterministic, hybrid deterministic,
physical, hybrid physical]193 random number generator [selection:
DRG.3, DRG.4, PTG.2, PTG.3] [7] that implements: [assignment: list
of security capabilities of the selected RNG class].
FCS_RNG.1.2
The TSF shall provide random numbers that meet [assignment: a
defined quality metric of the selected RNG class]194.
198 Application note 35: This SFR requires the TOE to generate random numbers used for key
generation according to TR-03116 [19] section 3.5, requiring RNG classes identified in the
selection in element FCS_RNG.1.1 and recommending RNG of class PTG.3. Note that the RNG
191
[assignment: list of TSF data]
192
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
193
[selection: physical, non-physical true, deterministic, hybrid]
194
[assignment: a defined quality metric]
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of class DRG4 are hybrid deterministic and of class PTG3 are hybrid physical which are not
addressed in BSI-CC-PP-0035. The implementation of the PACE protocol requires RNG of class
PTG.3 (cf. [16]). The COS specification [21] requires to implement RNG for
- the command GET CHALLENGE,
- the command GET RANDOM195,
- the authentication protocols as required by FIA_UAU.4,
- the key agreement for secure messaging
according to TR-03116 [19] section 3.4, which allows also for class DRG.2 RNG [7]. The
selection in the element FCS_RNG.1.1 includes RNG of classes DRG.3 and DRG.4
hierarchically to DRG.2. If the TOE implements RNG of class DRG.2 the ST author shall iterate
the component FCS_RNG.1 and indicate the usage of this deterministic RNG. The quality metric
assigned in element FCS_RNG.1.2 shall be chosen to resist attacks with high attack potential.
199 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation - SHA (FCS_COP.1/SHA)” as
specified below.
FCS_COP.1/SHA
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/SHA
Cryptographic operation - SHA
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform hashing196 in accordance with a specified
cryptographic algorithm
(1) SHA-1,
(2) SHA-256,
(3) SHA-384,
(4) SHA-512197
and cryptographic key sizes none198 that meet the following TR-03116
[19], FIPS 180-4[37]199.
200 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic key generation – 3TDES_SM
(FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM)” as specified below.
FCS_CKM.1/
3TDES_SM
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_CKM.1.1/
Cryptographic key generation – 3TDES_SM
No other components.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic operation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction.
The TSF shall generate cryptographic keys in accordance with a
specified cryptographic key generation algorithm Key Derivation
195
cf. package Crypto box
196
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
197
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
198
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
199
[assignment: list of standards]
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3TDES_SM
Function specified in sec. 5.6.3 in ANSI X9.63200 and specified
cryptographic key sizes 192 bit (168 bit effectively)201 that meet the
following: ANSI X9.63 [40]202.
201 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation - COS for 3TDES (FCS_COP.1/
COS.3TDES)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.3TDES
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
COS.3TDES
Cryptographic operation - COS for 3TDES
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform decryption and encryption for secure
messaging203 in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm
3TDES in CBC mode204 and cryptographic key sizes 192 bit (168 bit
effectively)205 that meet the following TR-03116 [19], NIST SP 800-67
[38]206.
202 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation COS for RMAC (FCS_COP.1/
COS.RMAC)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.RMAC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
COS.RMAC
Cryptographic operation COS for RMAC
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
(1) verification of cryptographic checksum for command PSO
VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM
(2) computation and verification of cryptographic checksum for
secure messaging207
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm Retail MAC208
and cryptographic key sizes 192 bit (168 bit effectively)209 that meet the
following TR-03116 [19], COS specification [21]210.
200
[assignment: cryptographic key generation algorithm]
201
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
202
[assignment: list of standards]
203
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
204
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
205
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
206
[assignment: list of standards]
207
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
208
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
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203 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – COS for AES (FCS_COP.1/
COS.AES)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.AES
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
COS.AES
Cryptographic operation – COS for AES
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
1. decryption with card internal key for command GENERAL
AUTHENTICATE
2. decryption and encryption for secure messaging211
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm AES in CBC
mode212 and cryptographic key sizes 128 bit, 192 bit, 256 bit213 that
meet the following: TR-03116 [19], COS specification [21], FIPS 197
[33]214.
204 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic key generation – COS for SM keys
(FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM)” as specified below.
FCS_CKM.1/
AES.SM
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_CKM.1.1/
AES.SM
Cryptographic key generation – COS for SM keys
No other components.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic operation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction.
The TSF shall generate cryptographic keys in accordance with a
specified cryptographic key generation algorithm Key Derivation for
AES as specified in sec. 4.4.3 in [17]215 and specified cryptographic key
sizes 128 bit, 192 bit, 256 bit216 that meet the following TR-03111 [17],
COS specification [21], FIPS 197 [33]217.
205 Application note 36: The Key Generation FCS_CKM.1/AES.SM is done during MUTUAL
AUTHENTICATE, EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE, INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE or GENERAL
AUTHENTICATE with establishment of secure messaging (with option crypto box also for trusted
channel). The Authentication Protocols produce agreed parameters to generate the encryption key
and the message authentication keys for secure messaging. The algorithm uses random numbers
209
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
210
[assignment: list of standards]
211
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
212
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
213
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
214
[assignment: list of standards]
215
[assignment: cryptographic key generation algorithm]
216
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
217
[assignment: list of standards]
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generated by the TSF as required by FCS_RNG.1 or RNG of class DRG.2 (cf. Application note
35).
206 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – COS for CMAC (FCS_COP.1/
COS.CMAC)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.CMAC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
COS.CMAC
Cryptographic operation – COS for CMAC
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
(1) computation and verification of cryptographic checksum for
command
a. PSO COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM
b. PSO VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM
(2) computation and verification of cryptographic checksum for
secure messaging218
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm CMAC219 and
cryptographic key sizes 128 bit, 192 bit, and 256 bit220 that meet the
following TR-03116 [19], COS specification [21], NIST SP 800-38B
[36]221.
207 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic key generation – RSA key generation
(FCS_CKM.1/RSA)” as specified below.
FCS_CKM.1/RSA
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_CKM.1.1/RSA
Cryptographic key generation – RSA key generation
No other components.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic operation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction.
The TSF shall generate cryptographic RSA keys in accordance with a
specified cryptographic key generation algorithm [assignment:
cryptographic key generation algorithm]222 and specified cryptographic
key 2048 bit and 3072 bit modulo length223 that meet the following TR03116 [19]224.
208 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic key generation – ECC key generation
(FCS_CKM.1/ELC)” as specified below.
218
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
219
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
220
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
221
[assignment: list of standards]
222
[assignment: cryptographic key generation algorithm]
223
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
224
[assignment: list of standards]
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FCS_CKM.1/ELC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_CKM.1.1/ELC
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Cryptographic key generation – ECC key generation
No other components.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic operation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction.
The TSF shall generate cryptographic ELC keys in accordance with a
specified cryptographic key generation algorithm [assignment:
cryptographic key generation algorithm] with COS standard curves225
and specified cryptographic key 256 bit, 384 bit and 512 bit 226 that meet
the following TR-03111 [17], COS specification [21]227.
209 Application note 37: The COS specification [21] requires the TOE to support elliptic curves listed
in COS specification [21], chapter 6.5 (refered as COS standard curves in this PP) and to
implement the command GENERATE ASYMMETRIC KEY PAIR. Depending on the characteristic
needs of the TOE should support the generation of asymmetric key pairs for the following
operations:
qualified electronic signatures,
authentication of external entities,
document cipher key decipherment.
The ST writer shall perform the missing operations in the element FCS_CKM.1/RSA and
FCS_CKM.1/ELC according to the implemented key generation algorithms.
210 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – RSA signature-creation
(FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.S)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.RSA.S
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1
/COS.RSA.S
Cryptographic operation – RSA signature-creation
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform digital signature generation for commands
(1) PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE,
(2) INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE228
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm
(3) RSASSA-PSS-SIGN with SHA-256,
(4) RSA SSA PKCS1-V1_5,
(5) RSA ISO9796-2 DS1 with SHA-256 (for INTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE only),
(6) RSA ISO9796-2 DS2 with SHA-256 (for PSO Compute
DIGITAL SIGNATURE only) 229,
and cryptographic key sizes
225
[assignment: cryptographic key generation algorithm]
226
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
227
[assignment: list of standards]
228
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
229
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
(7) 2048 bit modulo length,
(8) 3072 bit modulo length230
that meet the following: TR-03116 [19], COS specification [21], [31],
[34]231.
211 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – RSA signature verification
(FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.V)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.RSA.V
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
COS.RSA.V
Cryptographic operation – RSA signature verification
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform digital signature verification for import of RSA
keys using the commands
(1) PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE,
(2) EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE232
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm RSA ISO9796-2
DS1233 and cryptographic key sizes 2048 bit and 3072 bit modulo
length234 that meet the following: TR-03116 [19], COS specification
[21], [34], [31]235.
212 Application note 38: The command PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE may store the imported public
keys for RSA and ELC temporarily in the PublicKeyList or permanently in the
persitentPublicKeyList. These keys may be used as authentication reference data for asymmetric
key based device authentication (cf. FIA_UAU.5) or user data.
213 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – ECDSA signature verification
(FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.V)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.ECDSA.V
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
COS.ECDSA.V
Cryptographic operation – ECDSA signature verification
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform digital signature verification for import of ELC
keys for the commands
(1) PSO VERIFY CERTIFICATE,
(2) PSO VERIFY DIGITAL SIGNATURE,
230
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
231
[assignment: list of standards]
232
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
233
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
234
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
235
[assignment: list of standards]
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
(3) EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE236
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm ECDSA with
COS standard curves using
(1) SHA-256,
(2) SHA-384,
(3) SHA-512237
and cryptographic key sizes 256 bits, 384 bits, 512 bits238 that meet the
following TR-03116 [19], TR-03111 [17], COS specification [21],
[40]239.
214 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – ECDSA signature-creation
(FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.ECDSA.S
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
COS.ECDSA.S
Cryptographic operation – ECDSA signature-creation
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform digital signature generation for command
(1) PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE,
(2) INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE240
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm ECDSA with
COS standard curves using
(1) SHA-256,
(2) SHA-384,
(3) SHA-512241
and cryptographic key sizes 256 bits, 384 bits, 512 bits242 that meet the
following TR-03116 [19], TR-03111 [17], COS specification [21],
[40]243.
215 Application note 39: The TOE shall support two variants of the PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL
SIGNATURE.
PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE without Message Recovery shall be used for the
signing algorithms
RSASSA-PSS-SIGN with SHA-256 (see FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.S),
RSA SSA PKCS1-V1_5, RSA (see FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.S),
ECDSA with SHA-256, SHA-384 and SHA-512 (see FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S)
236
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
237
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
238
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
239
[assignment: list of standards]
240
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
241
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
242
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
243
[assignment: list of standards]
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
-
PSO COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE with Message Recovery shall be used for the for the
following signing algorithm
RSA ISO9796-2 DS2 with SHA-256 (see FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S)
216 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – RSA encryption and
(FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.RSA
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
COS.RSA
Cryptographic operation – RSA encryption and decryption
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
(1) encryption with passed key for command PSO ENCIPHER,
(2) decryption with stored key for command PSO DECIPHER,
(3) decryption and encryption for command PSO TRANSCIPHER
using RSA (transcipher of data using RSA keys),
(4) decryption for command PSO TRANSCIPHER using RSA
(transcipher of data from RSA to ELC),
(5) encryption for command PSO TRANSCIPHER using ELC
(transcipher of data from ELC to RSA) 244
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm
(6) for encryption:
a. RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5_Encrypt ([34] section 7.2.1),
b. RSA-OAEP-Encrypt ([34] section 7.1.1]),
(7) for decryption:
a. RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5_Decrypt ([34] section 7.2.2]),
b. RSA-OAEP-Decrypt ([34] section 7.1.2]) 245
and cryptographic key sizes 2048 bit and 3072 bit modulo length for
RSA and 256 bit, 384 bit and 512 bit for the COS standard curves246
that meet the following TR-03116 [19], COS specification [21], [34]247.
217 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – ECC encryption and decryption
(FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
COS.ELC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
Cryptographic operation – ECC encryption and decryption
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or FCS_CKM.1
Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
244
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
245
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
246
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
247
[assignment: list of standards]
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
(1) encryption with passed key for command PSO ENCIPHER,
(2) decryption with stored key for command PSO DECIPHER,
(3) decryption and encryption for command PSO TRANSCIPHER
using ELC (transcipher of data using ELC keys),
(4) decryption for command PSO TRANSCIPHER using ELC
(transcipher of data from ELC to RSA),
(5) encryption for command PSO TRANSCIPHER using ELC
(transcipher of data from RSA to ELC) 248
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm
(1) for encryption ELC encryption,
(2) for decryption ELC decryption249
and cryptographic key sizes 2048 bit and 3072 bit modulo length for
RSA and 256 bits, 384 bits, 512 bits for ELC keys with COS standard
curves250 that meet the following [17], [19], and [21]251.
218 Application note 40: The TOE can support or reject the command PSO HASH (following standard
[30]) and ENVELOPE (following standard [29]). If the command is supported the ST writer is
asked to add a SFR FCS_COP.1/CB_HASH specifying the supported hash algorithms.
219 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic key destruction (FCS_CKM.4)” as specified
below.
FCS_CKM.4
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_CKM.4.1
Cryptographic key destruction
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
The TSF shall destroy cryptographic keys in accordance with a specified
cryptographic key destruction method [assignment: cryptographic key
destruction method] that meets the following: [assignment: list of
standards].
220 Application note 41: The TOE shall destroy the encryption session keys and the message
authentication keys for secure messaging after reset or termination of secure messaging session
(trusted channel) or reaching fail secure state according to FPT_FLS.1. The TOE shall clear the
memory area of any session keys before starting a new communication with an external entity in
a new after-reset-session as required by FDP_RIP.1. Explicit deletion of a secret using the
DELETE command should also be taken into account by the ST writer.
6.1.8 Protection of communication
221 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Inter-TSF trusted channel (FTP_ITC.1/TC)” as specified
below.
248
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
249
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
250
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
251
[assignment: list of standards]
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
FTP_ITC.1/TC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FTP_ITC.1.1/TC
FTP_ITC.1.2/TC
FTP_ITC.1.3/TC
Inter-TSF trusted channel
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a communication channel between itself and
another trusted IT product that is logically distinct from other
communication channels and provides assured identification of its end
points and protection of the channel data from modification or
disclosure.
The TSF shall permit another trusted IT product252 to initiate
communication via the trusted channel.
The TSF shall initiate communication via the trusted channel for
none253.
222 Application note 42: The TOE responds only to commands establishing secure messaging
channels.
6.2 Security Assurance Requirements for the TOE
223 The Security Target to be developed based upon this Protection Profile will be evaluated
according to
Security Target evaluation (Class ASE)
224 Security Assurance Requirements for the TOE for the evaluation of the TOE are those taken from
the Evaluation
Assurance Level 4 (EAL4)
225 and augmented by taking the following components:
ALC_DVS.2 (Development security)
ATE_DPT.2 (Test depth)
AVA_VAN.5 (Advanced methodical vulnerability analysis).
226 The assurance requirements are:
Class ADV: Development
Architectural design
(ADV_ARC.1)
Functional specification
(ADV_FSP.4)
Implementation representation
(ADV_IMP.1)
TOE design
(ADV_TDS.3)
Class AGD: Guidance documents
252
[selection: the TSF, another trusted IT product]
253
[assignment: list of functions for which a trusted channel is required]
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
Operational user guidance
(AGD_OPE.1)
Preparative user guidance
(AGD_PRE.1)
Class ALC: Life-cycle support
CM capabilities
(ALC_CMC.4)
CM scope
(ALC_CMS.4)
Delivery
(ALC_DEL.1)
Development security
(ALC_DVS.2)
Life-cycle definition
(ALC_LCD.1)
Tools and techniques
(ALC_TAT.1)
Class ASE: Security Target evaluation
Conformance claims
(ASE_CCL.1)
Extended components definition
(ASE_ECD.1)
ST introduction
(ASE_INT.1)
Security objectives
(ASE_OBJ.2)
Derived security requirements
(ASE_REQ.2)
Security problem definition
(ASE_SPD.1)
TOE summary specification
(ASE_TSS.1)
Class ATE: Tests
Coverage
(ATE_COV.2)
Depth
(ATE_DPT.2)
Functional tests
(ATE_FUN.1)
Independent testing
(ATE_IND.2)
Class AVA: Vulnerability assessment
Vulnerability analysis
(AVA_VAN.5)
Table 21: Assurance components
6.2.1 Refinements of the TOE Assurance Requirements
227 In the BSI-PP-0035 [11] refinements of the TOE assurance requirements were performed. This
Protection Profile takes over the refinements for the SFR listed in section 6.1.3 “Security
Functional Requirements for the TOE taken over from BSI-PP-0035”. The refinements must be
applied for the SFR listed in section 6.1.3 (see Table 20). The refinements and the section where
the refinement in BSI-PP-0035 [11] is specified are listed in Table 22 . The ST writer is asked to
refer the corresponding sections of the BSI-PP-0035 [11] (see Table 22).
228 For all other Security Functional Requirements the TOE assurance requirements from Common
Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Part 3: Security assurance components;
CCMB-2012-09-003, Version 3.1, Revision 4, September 2012 [3] should be used. Note that it is
possible to use the TOE assurance requirements as defined in BSI-PP-0035 [11] (see Table 22)
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
for all SFR in this Protection Profile. According to Common Criteria for Information Technology
Security Evaluation, Part 1: Introduction and General Model; CCMB-2012-09-001, Version 3.1,
Revision 4, September 2012 [1] for that choice a justification of why the preferred option was not
chosen is required.
Refinements regarding
Reference to [11]
Delivery procedure (ALC_DEL)
Section 6.2.1.1 “Refinements regarding
Delivery procedure (ALC_DEL)”
Development Security (ALC_DVS)
Section 6.2.1.2 “Refinements regarding
Development Security (ALC_DVS)”
CM scope (ALC_CMS)
Section 6.2.1.3 “Refinements regarding CM
scope (ALC_CMS)”
CM capabilities (ALC_CMC)
Section 6.2.1.4 “Refinements regarding CM
capabilities (ALC_CMC)”
Security Architecture (ADV_ARC)
Section 6.2.1.5 “Refinements regarding
Security Architecture (ADV_ARC)”
Functional Specification (ADV_FSP)
Section 6.2.1.6 “Refinements regarding
Functional Specification (ADV_FSP)”
Implementation Representation (ADV_IMP)
Section 6.2.1.7 “Refinements regarding
Implementation Representation
(ADV_IMP)”
Test Coverage (ATE_COV)
Section 6.2.1.8” Refinements regarding Test
Coverage (ATE_COV)”
User Guidance (AGD_OPE)
Section 6.2.1.9 “Refinements regarding
User Guidance (AGD_OPE)”
Preparative User Guidance (AGD_PRE)
Section 6.2.1.10 “Refinements regarding
Preparative User Guidance (AGD_PRE)”
Refinement regarding Vulnerability Analysis
(AVA_VAN)
Section 6.2.1 “Refinement regarding
Vulnerability Analysis (AVA_VAN)”
Table 22: Refined TOE assurance requirements
229 The following sections define refinements and application notes to the chosen SAR.
6.2.2 Refinements to ADV_ARC.1 Security architecture description
230 The ADV_ARC.1 Security architecture description requires as developer action
ADV_ARC.1.1D The developer shall design and implement the TOE so that the security features
of the TSF cannot be bypassed.
and the related content and presentation element
ADV_ARC.1.5C The security architecture description shall demonstrate that the TSF prevents
bypass of the SFR-enforcing functionality.
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231 The COS specification [21] allows implementation of optional features and commands. The
following refinement for ADV_ARC.1.5C defines specific evidence required for these optional
features and commands if implemented by the TOE and not being part of the TSF.
Refinement: If a feature or command identified as optional in the COS specification is
implemented in the TOE or any other additional functionality of the TOE is not part of the
TSF the security architecture description shall demonstrate that it do not bypass the SFRenforcing functionality.
6.2.3 Refinements to ADV_FSP.4 Complete functional specification
232 The following content and presentation element of ADV_FSP.4 Complete functional
specification is refined as follows:
ADV_FSP.4.2C The functional specification shall describe the purpose and method of use for all
TSFI.
Refinement: The functional specification shall describe the purpose and method of use for all
TSFI including
(1) the physical and logical interface of the smart card platform, both contact based and
contactless as implemented by the TOE,
(2) the logical interface of the wrapper to the verification tool.
233 Application note 43: The IC surface as external interface of the TOE provides the TSFI for
physical protection (cf. FPT_PHP.3) and evaluated in the IC evaluation as base evaluation for the
composite evaluation of the composite TOE (cf. [9], chapter 2.5.2, for details). This interface is
also analysed as attack surface in the vulnerability analysis e.g. in respect to perturbation and
emanation side channel analysis.
6.2.4 Refinement to ADV_IMP.1
234 The following content and presentation element of ADV_IMP.1 Implementation representation of
the TSF is refined as follows:
ADV_IMP.1.1D The developer shall make available the implementation representation for the
entire TOE.
235 Application note 44: The refinement extends the TSF implementation representation to the TOE
implementation representation, i.e. the complete executable code implemented on the Security
platform IC including all IC Embedded Software and especially the Card Operating System,
(COS).
6.2.5 Refinements to AGD_OPE.1 Operational user guidance
236 The following content and presentation element of AGD_OPE.1 Operational user guidance is
refined as follows:
AGD_OPE.1.2C The operational user guidance shall describe, for each user role, how to use the
available interfaces provided by the TOE in a secure manner.
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Refinement: The operational user guidance shall describe the method of use of the wrapper
interface.
237 Application note 45: The wrapper will be used to interact with the smartcard for export of all
public TSF data of all objects in an object system according to “Export of TSF data
(FPT_ITE.2)”. Because the COS specification [21] identifies optional functionality the TOE
may support the guidance documentation shall describe method of use of the TOE (as COS,
wrapper) to find all objects in the object system and to export all security attributes of these
objects.
6.2.6 Refinements to ATE_FUN.1 Functional tests
238 The following content and presentation element of ATE_FUN.1 Functional tests is refined as
follows:
ATE_FUN.1.1C The test documentation shall consist of test plans, expected test results and
actual test results.
Refinement: The test plan shall include typical uses cases for the application eHC [22],
eHPC [23], SMC-B [24], SMC-K [25] and SMC-KT [26].
239 Application note 46: The developer should agree the typical uses cases with the evaluation
laboratory and the certification body in order to define an effective test approach and to use
synergy for appropiate test effort. The agreed test cases support comparable test effort for TOE
under evaluation.
6.2.7 Refinements to ATE_IND.2 Independent testing – sample
240 The following content and presentation element of ATE_IND.2 Functional tests is refined as
follows:
ATE_IND.2.3E The evaluator shall test a subset of the TSF to confirm that the TSF operates as
specified.
Refinement: The evaluator tests shall include typical uses cases for the application eHC
[22], eHPC [23], SMC-B [24], SMC-K [25] and SMC-KT [26].
241 Application note 47: The evaluator should agree the typical uses cases with the certification body
in order to define an effective test approach and to use synergy for appropiate test effort. The
agreed test cases support comparable test effort for TOE under evaluation.
6.3 Security Requirements Rationale
242 This chapter comprises three parts:
- The SFR rationale provided by a table showing the coverage of security objective of the TOE
by security functional requirements, already provided in the current version of this PP, and
rationale explanatory text which will be provided in future versions of this PP
- The SFR dependency rationale missing in the current version and to be provided in future
versions of this PP
- The SAR rationale provided in section 6.3.3.
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6.3.1 Security Functional Requirements Rationale
243 Table 2 in section 6.3.1 “Security Functional Requirements Rational” in BSI-PP-0035 [11] gives
an overview, how the security functional requirements taken over are combined to meet the
security objectives. Please refer that table and the text following after that table justifying this in
detail for the further details.
FAU_SAS.1/SICP
FCS_RNG.1/SICP
FDP_IFC.1/SICP
FDP_ITT.1/SICP
FMT_LIM.1/SICP
FMT_LIM.2/SICP
FPT_FLS.1/SICP
FPT_ITT.1/SICP
FPT_PHP.3/SICP
FRU_FLT.2/SICP
O.RND
O.Abuse-Func
O.Leak-Forced
O.Phys-Manipulation
O.Malfunction
O.Phys-Probing
O.Leak-Inherent
O.Identification
244 The following table provides an overview for security functional requirements coverage also
giving an evidence for sufficiency and necessity of the SFRs chosen.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Table 23: Coverage of Security Objectives for the TOE IC part by SFR
FDP_RIP.1
FPT_FLS.1
FPT_EMS.1
FPT_TDC.1
FPT_ITE.1
FPT_ITE.2
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O.SecureMessaging
O.Crypto
O.KeyManagement
O.AccessControl
O.Authentication
O.TSFDataExport
O.Resp-COS
O.Confidentiality
O.Integrity
245 As stated in section 2.4, this PP claims conformance to BSI-PP-0035 [11]. The objectives and
SFRs as used in Table 23 are defined and handled in [11]. Hence, the rationale for these items and
their correlation from Table 23 is given in [11] and not repeated here.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
O.SecureMessaging
O.Crypto
X
O.AccessControl
O.Resp-COS
X
O.Authentication
O.Confidentiality
X
O.TSFDataExport
O.Integrity
FPT_TST.1
FIA_AFL.1/PIN
FIA_AFL.1/PUC
FIA_ATD.1
FIA_UAU.1
FIA_UAU.4
FIA_UAU.5
FIA_UAU.6
FIA_UID.1
FIA_API.1
FMT_SMR.1
FIA_USB.1
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF
FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF
FDP_ACC.1/EF
FDP_ACF.1/EF
FDP_ACC.1/TEF
FDP_ACF.1/TEF
FDP_ACC.1/SEF
FDP_ACF.1/SEF
FDP_ACC.1/KEY
FDP_ACF.1/KEY
FMT_MSA.3
FMT_SMF.1
FMT_MSA.1/Life
FMT_MSA.1/SEF
FMT_MTD.1/PIN
FMT_MSA.1/PIN
FMT_MTD.1/Auth
FMT_MSA.1/Auth
FMT_MTD.1/NE
FCS_RNG.1
FCS_COP.1/SHA
FCS_COP.1/ COS.3TDES
O.KeyManagement
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
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O.Crypto
O.SecureMessaging
FCS_COP.1/ COS.AES
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RMAC
FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM
FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM
FCS_CKM.1/RSA
FCS_CKM.1/ELC
FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE
FCS_COP.1/ COS.CMAC
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.S
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.V
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.V
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC
FCS_CKM.4
FTP_ITC.1/TC
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
O.KeyManagement
O.AccessControl
O.Authentication
O.TSFDataExport
O.Resp-COS
O.Confidentiality
O.Integrity
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Table 24: Mapping between security objectives for the TOE and SFR
246 A detailed justification required for suitability of the security functional requirements to achieve
the security objectives is given below.
247 The security objective O.Integrity “Integrity of internal data” requires the protection of the
integrity of user data, TSF data and security services. This objective is addressed by the SFRs
FPT_FLS.1 and FPT_TST.1: FPT_TST.1 requires self tests to demonstrate the correct operation
of the TSF and its protection capabilities. In case of failures, FPT_FLS.1 requires the preservation
of a secure state in order to protect the user data, TSF data and security services.
248 The security objective O.Confidentiality “Confidentiality of internal data” requires the
protection of the confidentiality of sensitive user data and TSF data. This objective is addressed
by the SFRs FDP_RIP.1, FPT_FLS.1, FPT_EMS.1, FPT_TST.1 and FMT_MTD.1/NE:
FMT_MTD.1/NE restricts the ability to export sensitive TSF data to dedicated roles, some
sensitive user data like private authentication keys are not allowed to be exported at all.
FPT_EMS.1 requires that the TOE does not emit any information of sensitive user data and TSF
data by emissions and via circuit interfaces. Further, FDP_RIP.1 requires that residual
information regarding sensitive data in previously used resources will not be available after its
usage. FPT_TST.1 requires self tests to demonstrate the correct operation of the TSF and its
confidentiality protection capabilities. In case of failures, FPT_FLS.1 requires the preservation of
a secure state in order to protect the user data, TSF data and security services.
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249 The security objective O.Resp-COS “Treatment of User and TSF Data” requires the correct
treatment of the user data and TSF data as defined by the TSF data of the object system. This
correct treatment is ensured by appropriate self tests of the TSF. FPT_TST.1 requires self tests to
demonstrate the correct operation of the TSF and its data treatment.
250 The security objective O.TSFDataExport “Support of TSF data export” requires the correct
export of TSF data of the object system excluding confidential TSF data. This objective is
addressed by the SFRs FPT_TDC.1, FPT_ITE.1 and FPT_ITE.2: FPT_ITE.2 requires the export
of dedicated TSF data but restricts the kind of TSF data that can be exported. Hence, confidential
data shall not be exported. Also, the TSF is required to be able to export the fingerprint of TOE
implementation by the SFR FPT_ITE.1. For Card Verifiable Certificates (CVC), the SFR
FPT_TDC.1 requires the consistent interpretation when shared between the TSF and another
trusted IT product.
251 The security objective O.Authentication “Authentication of external entities” requires the
support of authentication of human users and external devices as well as the ability of the TSF to
authenticate itself. This objective is addressed by the following SFRs:
- FIA_AFL.1/PIN requires that the TSF detects repeated unsuccessful authentication
attempts and blocks the password authentication when the number of unsuccessful
authentication attempts reaches a defined number.
- FIA_AFL.1/PUC requires that the TSF detects repeated unsuccessful authentication
attempts for the password unblocking function and performs appropriate actions when the
number of unsuccessful authentication attempts reaches a defined number.
- FIA_ATD.1 requires that the TSF maintains dedicated security attributes belonging to
individual users.
- FIA_UAU.1 requires the processing of dedicated actions before a user is authenticated.
Any other actions shall require user authentication.
- FIA_UAU.4 requires the prevention of reuse of authentication data.
- FIA_UAU.5 requires the TSF to support user authentication by providing dedicated
commands. Multiple authentication mechanisms like password based and key based
authentication are required.
- FIA_UAU.6 requires the TSF to support re-authentication of message senders using a
secure messaging channel.
- FIA_UID.1 requires the processing of dedicated actions before a user is identified. Any
other actions shall require user identification.
- FIA_API.1 requires that the TSF provides dedicated commands to prove the identity of
the TSF itself.
- FMT_SMR.1 requires that the TSF maintains roles and associates users with roles.
- FIA_USB.1 requires that the TSF associates dedicated security attributes with subjects
acting on behalf of that user. Also, the TSF shall enforce rules governing changes of these
security attributes by the implementation of commands that perform these changes.
- FMT_MTD.1/PIN requires that the TSF restricts the ability to change password objects
by the implementation of dedicated commands and management functions.
- FMT_MSA.1/PIN requires that the TSF enforces the access control policy to restrict the
ability to change, enable and disable and optionally perform further operations of security
attributes for password objects. For that purpose the SFR requires management functions
to implement these operations.
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FMT_MTD.1/Auth requires that the TSF restricts the ability to import device
authentication reference data by the implementation of dedicated commands and
management functions.
FMT_MSA.1/Auth requires that the TSF enforces the access control policy to restrict the
ability to read security attributes for the device authentication reference data. For that
purpose the SFR requires management functions to implement this operation.
252 The security objective O.AccessControl “Access Control for Objects” requires the enforcement
of an access control policy to restricted objects and devices. Further, the management
functionality for the access policy is required. This objective is addressed by the following SFRs:
- FMT_SMR.1 requires that the TSF maintains roles and associates users with roles.
- FIA_USB.1 requires that the TSF associates dedicated security attributes with subjects
acting on behalf of that user. Also, the TSF shall enforce rules governing changes of these
security attributes by the implementation of commands that perform these changes.
- FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF requires that the TSF enforces an access control policy to restrict
operations on MF and folders objects as well as applications performed by subjects of the
TOE.
- FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF requires that the TSF enforce an access control policy to restrict operations on
MF and folders objects as well as applications based on a set of rules defined in the SFR.
Also, the TSF is required to deny access to the MF object in case of “Termination state”
of the TOE life cycle.
- FDP_ACC.1/EF requires that the TSF enforces an access control policy to restrict
operations on EF objects performed by subjects of the TOE.
- FDP_ACF.1/EF requires that the TSF enforce an access control policy to restrict
operations on EF objects based on a set of rules defined in the SFR. Also, the TSF is
required to deny access to EF objects in case of “Termination state” of the TOE life
cycle.
- FDP_ACC.1/TEF requires that the TSF enforces an access control policy to restrict
operations on transparent EF objects performed by subjects of the TOE.
- FDP_ACF.1/TEF requires that the TSF enforce an access control policy to restrict
operations on transparent EF objects based on a set of rules defined in the SFR. Also, the
TSF is required to deny access to transparent EF objects in case of “Termination state” of
the TOE life cycle.
- FDP_ACC.1/SEF requires that the TSF enforces an access control policy to restrict
operations on structured EF objects performed by subjects of the TOE.
- FDP_ACF.1/SEF requires that the TSF enforce an access control policy to restrict
operations on structured EF objects based on a set of rules defined in the SFR. Also, the
TSF is required to deny access to structured EF objects in case of “Termination state” of
the TOE life cycle.
- FDP_ACC.1/KEY requires that the TSF enforces an access control policy to restrict
operations on dedicated key objects performed by subjects of the TOE.
- FDP_ACF.1/KEY requires that the TSF enforce an access control policy to restrict
operations on dedicated key objects based on a set of rules defined in the SFR. Also, the
TSF is required to deny access to dedicated key objects in case of “Termination state” of
the TOE life cycle.
- FMT_MSA.3 requires that the TSF enforces an access control policy that provides
restrictive default values for the used security attributes. Alternative default values for
these security attributes shall only be allowed for dedicated authorized roles.
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FMT_SMF.1 requires that the TSF implements dedicated management functions that are
given in the SFR.
FMT_MSA.1/Life requires that the TSF enforces the access control policy to restrict the
ability to manage life cycle relevant security attributes like lifeCycleStatus. For that
purpose the SFRs require management functions to implement these operations.
FMT_MSA.1/SEF requires that the TSF enforces the access control policy to restrict the
ability to manage of security attributes of recorde. For that purpose the SFRs require
management functions to implement these operations.
FMT_MTD.1/PIN requires that the TSF restricts the ability to change password objects
by the implementation of dedicated commands and management functions.
FMT_MSA.1/PIN requires that the TSF enforces the access control policy to restrict the
ability to read, change, enable, disable and optionally perform further operations of
security attributes for password objects. For that purpose the SFR requires management
functions to implement these operations.
FMT_MTD.1/Auth requires that the TSF restricts the ability to import device
authentication reference data by the implementation of dedicated commands and
management functions.
FMT_MSA.1/Auth requires that the TSF enforces the access control policy to restrict the
ability to read security attributes for the device authentication reference data. For that
purpose the SFR requires management functions to implement this operation.
FMT_MTD.1/NE restricts the ability to export sensitive TSF data to dedicated roles,
some sensitive user data like private authentication keys are not allowed to be exported at
all.
253 The security objective O.KeyManagement “Generation and import of keys” requires the ability
of the TSF to secure generation, import, distribution, access control and destruction of
cryptographic keys. Also, the TSF is required to support the import and export of public keys.
This objective is addressed by the following SFRs:
- FCS_RNG.1 requires that the TSF provides a random number generator of a specific
class used for generation of keys.
- FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM, FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM, FCS_CKM.1/RSA,
FCS_CKM.1/ELC, require that the TSF generates cryptographic keys with specific key
generation algorithms as stated in the SFRs. The mentioned SFRs are needed to fulfil
different requirements of the intended usage of the cryptographic keys.
- FCS_CKM.4 requires that the TSF destroys cryptographic keys in accordance with a
given specific key destruction method.
- FDP_ACC.1/KEY and FDP_ACF.1/KEY controls access to the key management and the
cryptographic operations using keys.
- FMT_MSA.1/Life requires restriction of the management of security attributes of the
keys to subjects authorized for specific commands.
254 The security objective O.Crypto “Cryptographic functions” requires the ability of the TSF to
implement secure cryptographic algorithms. This objective is addressed by the following SFRs:
- FCS_RNG.1 requires that the TSF provides a random number generator of a specific
class used for generation of keys.
- FCS_COP.1/SHA requires that the TSF provides different hashing algorithms that are
referenced in the SFR.
- FCS_COP.1/ COS.3TDES requires that the TSF provides decryption and encryption
using 3TDES for secure messaging.
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FCS_COP.1/ COS.AES requires that the TSF provides decryption and encryption using
AES with different key sizes.
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RMAC requires that the TSF provides computation and verification of
cryptographic checksums using the Retail MAC algorithm.
FCS_COP.1/ COS.CMAC requires that the TSF provides computation and verification of
cryptographic checksums using the CMAC algorithm.
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.S requires that the TSF provides the generation of digital
signatures based on the RSA algorithm and different modulus’ lengths.
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.V requires that the TSF provides the verification of digital
signatures based on the RSA algorithm and different modulus’ lengths.
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S requires that the TSF provides the generation of digital
signatures based on the ECDSA and different hash algorithms and different key sizes.
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.V requires that the TSF provides the verification of digital
signatures based on the ECDSA and different hash algorithms and different key sizes.
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA requires that the TSF provides encryption and decryption
capabilities based on RSA algorithms with different modulus’ lengths.
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC requires that the TSF provides encryption and decryption
capabilities based on ELC algorithms with different key sizes.
FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM, FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM, FCS_CKM.1/RSA,
FCS_CKM.1/ELC, require that the TSF generates cryptographic keys with specific key
generation algorithms as stated in the SFRs. The mentioned SFRs are needed to fulfil
different requirements of the intended usage of the cryptographic keys.
255 The security objective O.SecureMessaging “Secure messaging” requires the ability of the TSF to
use and enforce the use of a trusted channel to successfully authenticated external entities that
ensures the integrity and confidentiality of the transmitted data between the TSF and the external
entity. This objective is addressed by the following SFRs:
- FCS_COP.1/ COS.3TDES requires that the TSF provides decryption and encryption
using 3TDES for secure messaging.
- FCS_COP.1/ COS.AES requires that the TSF provides decryption and encryption using
AES with different key sizes. One use case of that required functionality is secure
messaging.
- FCS_COP.1/ COS.RMAC requires that the TSF provides computation and verification of
cryptographic checksums using the Retail MAC algorithm. One use case of that required
functionality is secure messaging.
- FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM requires that the TSF generates cryptographic keys with
specific key generation algorithms as stated in the SFR.
- FTP_ITC.1/TC requires that the TSF provides a communication channel between itself
and another trusted IT product. The channel provides assured identification of its end
points and protection of the channel data against modification and disclosure.
6.3.2 Rationale for SFR’s Dependencies
256 Table 3 in section 6.3.1 “Dependencies of security functional requirements” in BSI-PP-0035 [11]
lists the security functional requirements defined in BSI-PP-0035, their dependencies and whether
they are satisfied by other security requirements defined in this Protection Profile. Please refer
that table and the text following after that table justifying this in detail for the further details on
the remaining cases.
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
257 The dependency analysis for the security functional requirements shows that the basis for mutual
support and internal consistency between all defined functional requirements is satisfied. All
dependencies between the chosen functional components are analysed, and non-dissolved
dependencies are appropriately explained.
258 The dependency analysis has directly been made within the description of each SFR in sec. 6.1
above. All dependencies being expected by CC part 2 and by extended components definition in
chap. 5 are either fulfilled or their non-fulfilment is justified.
259 The following table lists the required dependencies of the SFRs of this PP and gives the concrete
SFRs from this document which fulfil the required dependencies.
SFR
FDP_RIP.1
FPT_FLS.1
FPT_EMS.1
FPT_TDC.1
FPT_ITE.1
FPT_ITE.2
FPT_TST.1
FIA_AFL.1/PIN
FIA_AFL.1/PUC
FIA_ATD.1
FIA_UAU.1
FIA_UAU.4
FIA_UAU.5
FIA_UAU.6
FIA_UID.1
FIA_API.1
FMT_SMR.1
FIA_USB.1
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF
FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF
FDP_ACC.1/EF
FDP_ACF.1/EF
FDP_ACC.1/TEF
FDP_ACF.1/TEF
dependent on
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
FIA_UAU.1 Timing of
authentication.
FIA_UAU.1 Timing of
authentication.
No dependencies.
FIA_UID.1 Timing of identification.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
FIA_UID.1 Timing of identification
FIA_ATD.1 User attribute definition
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based
access control.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute
initialisation
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based
access control.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute
initialisation
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based
access control.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
fulfilled by
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
FIA_UAU.1
FIA_UAU.1
n. a.
FIA_UID.1
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
FIA_UID.1
FIA_ATD.1
FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF,
FMT_MSA.3
FDP_ACF.1/EF
FDP_ACC.1/EF,
FMT_MSA.3
FDP_ACF.1/TEF
FDP_ACC.1/TEF,
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SFR
FDP_ACC.1/SEF
FDP_ACF.1/SEF
FDP_ACC.1/KEY
FDP_ACF.1/KEY
FMT_MSA.3
FMT_SMF.1
FMT_MSA.1/Life
FMT_MSA.1/SEF
FMT_MTD.1/PIN
FMT_MSA.1/PIN
FMT_MTD.1/Auth
FMT_MSA.1/Auth
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dependent on
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute
initialisation
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based
access control.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute
initialisation
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based
access control.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute
initialisation
FMT_MSA.1 Management of
security attributes,
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
No dependencies.
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow
control],
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles,
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of
Management Functions
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow
control],
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles,
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of
Management Functions
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles,
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of
Management Functions
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow
control],
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles,
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of
Management Functions
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles,
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of
Management Functions
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow
control],
fulfilled by
FMT_MSA.3
FDP_ACF.1/SEF
FDP_ACC.1/SEF,
FMT_MSA.3
FDP_ACF.1/KEY
FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
FMT_MSA.3
FMT_MSA.1/Life,
FMT_MSA.1/SEF,
FMT_MSA.1/PIN,
FMT_MSA.1/Auth,
FMT_SMR.1
n. a.
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF,
FDP_ACC.1/EF,
FDP_ACC.1/TEF,
FDP_ACC.1/SEF,
FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
FMT_SMR.1,
FMT_SMF.1
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF,
FDP_ACC.1/EF,
FDP_ACC.1/TEF,
FDP_ACC.1/SEF,
FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
FMT_SMR.1,
FMT_SMF.1
FMT_SMR.1,
FMT_SMF.1
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF,
FDP_ACC.1/EF,
FDP_ACC.1/TEF,
FDP_ACC.1/SEF,
FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
FMT_SMR.1,
FMT_SMF.1
FMT_SMR.1,
FMT_SMF.1
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF,
FDP_ACC.1/EF,
FDP_ACC.1/TEF,
FDP_ACC.1/SEF,
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BSI-CC-PP-0082
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
SFR
FMT_MTD.1/NE
FCS_RNG.1
FCS_COP.1/SHA
FCS_COP.1/
COS.3TDES
FCS_COP.1/
COS.AES
FCS_COP.1/
COS.RMAC
FCS_CKM.1/
3TDES_SM
FCS_CKM.1/
AES.SM
FCS_CKM.1/RSA
dependent on
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles,
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of
Management Functions
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles,
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of
Management Functions
No dependencies.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key
distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic
operation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key
distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic
operation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key
distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic
operation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key
distribution, or
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
fulfilled by
FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
FMT_SMR.1,
FMT_SMF.1
FMT_SMR.1,
FMT_SMF.1
n. a.
The dependent SFRs are not
applicable here because
FCS_COP.1/SHA does not use
any keys.
FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_COP.1/ COS.3TDES,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_COP.1/ COS.3TDES,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_COP.1/ COS.AES,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.S,
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SFR
FCS_CKM.1/ELC
FCS_CKM.1/
DH.PACE
FCS_COP.1/
COS.CMAC
FCS_COP.1/
COS.RSA.S
FCS_COP.1/
COS.RSA.V
FCS_COP.1/
COS.ECDSA.S
FCS_COP.1/
COS.RSA
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dependent on
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic
operation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key
distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic
operation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key
distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic
operation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
fulfilled by
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA.V,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.RSA,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ELC,
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_COP.1/ COS.ECDSA.S,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/RSA,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/RSA,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/ELC,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/RSA,
FCS_CKM.4
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
SFR
FCS_COP.1/
COS.ELC
FCS_CKM.4
FTP_ITC.1/TC
dependent on
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation]
No dependencies.
fulfilled by
FCS_CKM.1/ELC,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM,
FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM,
FCS_CKM.1/RSA,
FCS_CKM.1/ELC,
FCS_CKM.1/
DH.PACE
n. a.
Table 25: Dependencies of the SFR
6.3.3 Security Assurance Requirements Rationale
260 The current assurance package was chosen based on the pre-defined assurance package EAL4.
This package permits a developer to gain maximum assurance from positive security engineering
based on good commercial development practices which, though rigorous, do not require
substantial specialist knowledge, skills, and other resources. EAL4 is the highest level, at which it
is likely to retrofit to an existing product line in an economically feasible way. EAL4 is applicable
in those circumstances where developers or users require a moderate to high level of
independently assured security in conventional commodity TOEs and are prepared to incur
additional security specific engineering costs.
261 Please refer section 6.3.3 “Rationale for the Assurance Requirements” in BSI-PP-0035 [11] for
the details regarding the chosen assurance level EAL4 augmented with ALC_DVS.2 and
AVA_VAN.5.
262 The selection of the component ATE_DPT.2 provides a higher assurance than the pre-defined
EAL4 package due to requiring the functional testing of SFR-enforcing modules. The functional
testing of SFR-enforcing modules is due to the TOE building a smartcard platform with very
broad and powerful security functionality but without object system. An augmentation with
ATE_DPT.2 only for the SFR specified in BSI-PP-0035 [11] would have been sufficient to fulfil
the conformance, but this would contradict the intention of BSI-PP-0035. Therefore the
augmentation with ATE_DPT.2 is required for the complete Protection Profile.
263 The selection of the component ALC_DVS.2 provides a higher assurance of the security of the
development and manufacturing, especially for the secure handling of sensitive material. This
augmentation was chosen due to the broad application of the TOE in security critical applications.
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264 The selection of the component AVA_VAN.5 provides a higher assurance than the pre-defined
EAL4 package, namely requiring a vulnerability analysis to assess the resistance to penetration
attacks performed by an attacker possessing a high attack potential.
265 The set of assurance requirements being part of EAL4 fulfils all dependencies a priori.
266 The augmentation of EAL4 chosen comprises the following assurance components:
– ATE_DPT.2,
– ALC_DVS.2, and
– AVA_VAN.5.
267 For these additional assurance component, all dependencies are met or exceeded in the EAL4
assurance package:
Component
Dependencies required
by CC Part 3
Dependency fulfilled by
TOE security assurance requirements (only additional to EAL4)
ALC_DVS.2
no dependencies
-
ATE_DPT.2
ADV_ARC.1
ADV_ARC.1
ADV_TDS.3
ADV_TDS.3
ATE_FUN.1
ATE_FUN.1
ADV_ARC.1
ADV_ARC.1
ADV_FSP.4
ADV_FSP.4
ADV_TDS.3
ADV_TDS.3
ADV_IMP.1
ADV_IMP.1
AGD_OPE.1
AGD_OPE.1
AGD_PRE.1
AGD_PRE.1
ATE_DPT.1
ATE_DPT.2
AVA_VAN.5
Table 26: SAR Dependencies
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7 Package Crypto Box
268 The COS may support optionally additional cryptographic functionality according to [21]. This
chapter defines the Package Crypto Box to be used by the ST writer if the TOE provides this
security functionality.
7.1 TOE Overview
269 Additional to the TOE definition given in section 1.2.1 TOE definition and operational usage the
TOE is equipped with additional cryptographic functionality.
7.2 Security Problem Definition
7.2.1 Assets
Assets
270 The assets do not differ from the assets defined in section 3.1.
Subjects and external entities
271 There are no additional external entities and subjects than those defined in section 3.1.
7.2.2 Threats
272 There are no additional threats than the threats defined in section 3.2.
7.2.3 Organisational Security Policies
273 There are no additional Organisational Security Policies than the Organisational Security Policies
defined in section 3.3.
7.2.4 Assumptions
274 There are no additional Assumptions than the Assumptions defined in section 3.4.
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7.3 Security Objectives
275 The Security Objectives for the TOE (section 4.1) and the Security Objectives for Operational
Environment (section 4.2) is supplemented for the package crypto box. Therefore the Security
Objective Rationale (section 4.3) is supplemented as well.
276 The TOE shall provide a “Trusted channel (O.TrustedChannel)” as specified below.
O.TrustedChannel
Trusted channel
The TOE supports trusted channel for protection of the
confidentiality and the integrity for commands to be sent to
successful authenticated device and receiving responses from
this device on demand of the external application.
277 The operational environment shall provide a “Secure messaging support of external devices
(OE.SecureMessaging)” as specified below.
OE.SecureMessaging
Secure messaging support of external devices
The external device communicating with the TOE trough a
trusted channel supports device authentication with key
derivation, secure messaging for received commands and
sending responses.
278 The security objectives O.TrustedChannel and OE.SecureMessaging mitigate the threat
T.Intercept if the operational environment is not able to protect the communication by other
means.
7.4 Security Requirements for Package Crypto Box
279 Additional to the Authentication reference data of the devices and security attributes listed in
Table 15 the following table defines the authentication reference data of subjects for the TOE
with package crypto box including the authentication data used by the TSF itself (cf. FIA_API.1)
as TSF data
Authentication
reference data
Symmetric
authentication key
Session key SK4TC
Subject type
Operations
Device
INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE used for trusted
channel
PSO ENCIPHER, PSO DECIPHER, PSO
COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM, and
PSO VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM used
for trusted channel
TSF
Table 27: Authentication Data of the COS with package crypto box
280 Additional to the Security Functional Requirements for the TOE defined in section 6.1 the TOE
shall meet the following SFR.
281 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Random number generation – Get random command
(FCS_RNG.1/GR)” as specified below.
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FCS_RNG.1/GR
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_RNG.1.1/GR
FCS_RNG.1.2/GR
Random number generation – Get random command
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a physical254 random number generator [selection:
PTG.2, PTG.3] [6] for GET RANDOM that implements: [assignment: list
of security capabilities of the selected RNG class].
The TSF shall provide random numbers [selection: bits, octets of bits,
numbers [assignment: format of the numbers]] that meet [assignment: a
defined quality metric of the selected RNG class].
282 Application note 48: This SFR requires the TOE to generate random numbers used for key
generation according to TR-03116 [19] section 3.5, requiring RNG classes identified in the
selection in element FCS_RNG.1.1 and recommending RNG of class PTG.3. If the TOE will
provide random numbers by means of command GET RANDOM for key generation of external
devices like the connector (i.e. usage as gSMC-K) or the eHealth card terminals (i.e. usage as
SMC-KT) the provided random numbers shall meet TR-03116 [19] section 3.5, as well. If the
command GET RANDOM will be used to seed another deterministic RNG the external device the
TOE shall implement RNG of class PTG.2 or PTG.3 for this purpose. The COS specification [21]
requires to implement RNG for the command GET RANDOM meeting TR-03116 [19] section 3.4,
which allows also for class DRG.2 RNG [7].
283 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/CB.3TDES
“Cryptographic
operation
–
CB
3TDES
Cryptographic operation – CB 3TDES
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
(1) encryption with negotiated key for command PSO
ENCIPHER,
(2) decryption with negotiated key for command PSO
DECIPHER,
(3) encryption and decryption with card internal key for
commands
a. MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE,
b. EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
(4) encryption with card internal key for command INTERNAL
AUTHENTICATE, and
(5) encryption and decryption for trusted channel PSO
ENCIPHER and PSO DECIPHER255
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm 3TDES in
CBC mode256 and cryptographic key sizes 192 bit (168 bit
254
[selection: physical, non-physical true, deterministic, hybrid]
255
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
256
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
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effectively)257 that meet the following TR-03116 [19], NIST SP
800-67 [38]258.
284 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1.1/CB.RMAC
285 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FCS_COP.1/CB.AES)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1.1/CB.AES
–
CB
RMAC
“Cryptographic
operation
–
CB
AES
Cryptographic operation – CB AES
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
(1) encryption with negotiated key for command PSO
ENCIPHER,
(2) and decryption with negotiated key for command PSO
DECIPHER,
(3) encryption and decryption with card internal key for
commands
257
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
258
[assignment: list of standards]
259
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
260
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
261
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
262
[assignment: list of standards]
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operation
Cryptographic operation – CB RMAC
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
(1) computation of cryptographic checksum for command
a. PSO COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM,
b. INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
(2) computation and verification of cryptographic
checksum for command
a. MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE,
b. EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
(3) computation and verification of cryptographic
checksum for trusted channel259
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm Retail
MAC 32260 and cryptographic key sizes 192 bit (168 bit
effectively)261 that meet the following TR-03116 [19], COS
specification [21]262.
FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1/CB.AES
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
“Cryptographic
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a. MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE,
b. EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
(4) encryption with card internal key for command
INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
(5) encryption and decryption for trusted channel
a. PSO ENCIPHER,
b. PSO DECIPHER263
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm AES in
CBC mode264 and cryptographic key sizes 128 bit, 192 bit,
256 bit265 that meet the following: TR-03116 [19], COS
specification [21], FIPS 197 [33]266.
286 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/CB.CMAC
operation
–
CB
CMAC
Cryptographic operation – CB CMAC
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform
(1) computation of cryptographic checksum for command
a. INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
(2) computation and verification of cryptographic
checksum for command
a. MUTUAL AUTHENTICATE,
b. EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE,
(3) computation and verification of cryptographic
checksum for trusted channel
a. PSO COMPUTE CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM,
b. PSO VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM267
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm
CMAC268 and cryptographic key sizes 128 bit, 192 bit, and
256 bit269 that meet the following TR-03116 [19], COS
specification [21], [36]270.
287 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FCS_COP.1/CB.RSA)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/CB.RSA
“Cryptographic
“Cryptographic
operation
–
CB
RSA
Cryptographic operation – CB RSA
263
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
264
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
265
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
266
[assignment: list of standards]
267
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
268
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
269
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
270
[assignment: list of standards]
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Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/CB.RSA
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform encryption with stored key for command
PSO ENCIPHER271 in accordance with a specified cryptographic
algorithm
(1) for encryption:
a. RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5-Encrypt ([34] section 7.2.1),
b. RSA-OAEP-Encrypt ([34] section 7.1.1]),
(2) for decryption:
a. RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5-Decrypt ([34] section 7.2.2]),
b. RSA-OAEP-Decrypt ([34] section 7.1.2]) 272
and cryptographic key sizes 2048 bit and 3072 bit modulo
length273 that meet the following PKCS #1 [34]274.
288 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FCS_COP.1/CB.ELC)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/CB.ELC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/CB.ELC
“Cryptographic
operation
–
CB
ECC
Cryptographic operation – CB ECC
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform encryption with stored key for
command PSO ENCIPHER275 in accordance with a specified
cryptographic algorithm ELC encryption with COS standard
curves276 and cryptographic key sizes 256 bits, 384 bits,
512 bits277 that meet the following TR-03111 [17], chapter
4.3.1, 4.3.3 and 5.3.1.2278.
289 The following table provides an overview for security functional requirements coverage also
giving an evidence for sufficiency and necessity of the SFRs chosen in the cryptobox package.
271
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
272
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
273
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
274
[assignment: list of standards]
275
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
276
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
277
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
278
[assignment: list of standards]
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Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
O.TrustedChannel
O.SecureMessaging
O.Crypto
O.AccessControl
O.Authentication
O.TSFDataExport
O.Resp-COS
O.Confidentiality
O.Integrity
FCS_RNG.1/GR
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES
FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC
FCS_COP.1/CB.AES
FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC
FCS_COP.1/CB.ELC
FCS_COP.1/CB.RSA
O.KeyManagement
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X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Table 28: Mapping between security objectives for the TOE and SFR for package
Cryptobox
290 Table 28 above should be taken as extension of Table 24 in order to cover the whole set of
security objectives. Hence, the mappings between security objectives and SFRs in the table above
are used as additional mappings to address the corresponding security objectives.
291 The security objective O.TrustedChannel “Trusted channel” requires cryptographic
functionality for trusted channel support as described by SFR FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES,
FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC, FCS_COP.1/CB.AES and FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC.
292 The security objective O.Crypto “Cryptographic functions” requires to implement secure
algorithms for trusted channel support as for all cryptographic functionality.
-
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES requires that the TSF provides decryption and encryption using
3TDES to be used in dedicated commands.
- FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC requires that the TSF provides computation and verification of
cryptographic checksums using the Retail MAC algorithm to be used in dedicated
commands.
- FCS_COP.1/CB.AES requires that the TSF provides decryption and encryption using
AES with different key sizes to be used in dedicated commands.
- FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC requires that the TSF provides computation and verification of
cryptographic checksums using the CMAC algorithm and different key sizes to be used in
dedicated commands.
293 The security objective O.Crypto “Cryptographic functions” requires the provision of security
services by implementation of secure cryptographic algorithms and protocols. The following
SFRs provide additional cryptographic services:
- FCS_RNG.1/GR providing secure random numbers for external entities,
- FCS_COP.1/CB.ELC requires that the TSF provides encryption capabilities based on
ELC algorithms with different key sizes to be used in dedicated commands.
- FCS_COP.1/CB.RSA requires that the TSF provides encryption capabilities based on
RSA algorithms with different modulus’ lengths to be used in dedicated commands.
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294 The following table lists the required dependencies of the SFRs of this PP package and gives the
concrete SFRs from this document which fulfils the required dependencies.
SFR
FCS_RNG.1/GR
FCS_COP.1/CB.3TDES
FCS_COP.1/CB.RMAC
FCS_COP.1/CB.AES
FCS_COP.1/CB.CMAC
FCS_COP.1/CB.ELC
FCS_COP.1/CB.RSA
dependent on
No dependencies.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or FCS_CKM.1
Cryptographic key generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or FCS_CKM.1
Cryptographic key generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
fulfilled by
n. a.
FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/ 3TDES_SM,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/ AES.SM,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/ELC,
FCS_CKM.4
FCS_CKM.1/RSA,
FCS_CKM.4
Table 29: Dependencies of the SFRs
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8 Package Contactless
295 The COS may support optionally additional functionality for contactless communication
according to [21]. This chapter defines the Package Contactless to be used by the ST writer if the
TOE provides this security functionality.
8.1 TOE Overview
296 This package describes additional mechanisms mostly used for contactless interfaces, i.e. PACE.
The COS has to detect by itself if the underlying chip uses a contactless interface and has to use
interface depended access rules in that case.
8.2 Security Problem Definition
8.2.1 Assets
Assets
297 The assets do not differ from the assets defined in section 3.1.
Security Attributes of Users and Subjects
298 The PACE protocol provides mutual authentication between a smartcard running the PICC role
and a terminal running PCD role of the protocol as described in [16] part 2. The TOE supporting
the contactless package implements the PICC role and the PCD role of the PACE protocol. When
the TOE running the PICC role of the PACE protocol the subject gains security attributes used by
the access control and bound to the use of the established secure messaging channel after
successful authentication. When the TOE running the PCD role of the PACE protocol the subject
gains security attributes defining the authentication status of the external user communicating
through the trusted channel established after successful authentication. This authentication status
is identified in the response code of the trusted channel commands PSO DECIPHER and PSO
VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM.
299 The support of contactless communication introduces additional security attributes of users and
subjects bound to external entities and subjects are considered
User type
device with contactless
communication
Definition
An external Device communicating with the TOE trough the
contactless interface. The subject bind to this device has the
security attribute “kontaktlos” (contactless communication).
device authenticated using
An external Device communicating with the TOE trough the
PACE protocol in PCD role contactless interface and successful authenticated by PACE
protocol in PCD role.
device authenticated using
An external Device communicating with the TOE trough the
PACE protocol in PICC role contactless interface and successful authenticated by PACE
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User type
Definition
protocol in PICC role.
8.2.2 Threats
300 There are no additional threats than the threats defined in section 3.2.
8.2.3 Organisational Security Policies
301 There are no additional Organisational Security Policies than the Organisational Security Policies
defined in section 3.3.
8.2.4 Assumptions
302 There are no additional Assumptions than the Assumptions defined in section 3.4.
8.3 Security Objectives
303 The Security Objectives for the TOE (section 4.1) and the Security Objectives for Operational
Environment (section 4.2) are supplemented for the package contactless interface. Therefore the
Security Objective Rationale (section 4.3) is supplemented as well.
304 The TOE shall provide a “Protection of contactless communication with PACE (O.PACE)” as
specified below.
O.PACE
Protection of contactless communication with PACE
The TOE supports the chip part of the PACE protocol in order
to protect the confidentiality and the integrity of data
communicated through the contactless interface this device on
demand of the external application.
305 The operational environment shall provide a “PACE support by terminals (OE.PACE_Terminal)”
as specified below.
OE.PACE_Terminal
PACE support by terminals
The external device communicating trough a contactless
interface with the TOE using PACE shall support the terminal
part of the PACE protocol.
306 The security objectives O.PACE and OE.PACE_Terminal mitigate the threat T.Intercept if
contactless communication is used and the operational environment is not able to protect the
communication by other means.
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8.4 Security Requirements for Package Contactless
307 Additional to the authentication reference data of the devices listed in Table 15 the following
table defines the authentication reference data of subjects for the TOE with package contactless
including the authentication data used by the TSF itself (cf. FIA_API.1) as TSF data .
Subject
type
Device
Device
Authentication reference data and security attributes
Operations
Card Access Number (CAN)
Authentication verification data
Card Access Number (CAN) stored in TOE
MAC session key SK4SM
Security attributes
keyIdentifier of the used CAN in the
globalSecurityList if CAN was in MF or in
dfSecurityList if the CAN was in the respective folder
SK4SM referenced in macKey and SSCmac
Card Access Number (CAN)
Authentication verification data
Card Access Number (CAN) provided to the TOE
MAC session key SK4TC
Security attributes
SK4TC referenced in
keyReferenceList.macCalculation and
keyReferenceList.dataEncipher
GENERAL AUTHENTICATE
TOE running PACE
protocol role as PICC
GENERAL AUTHENTICATE
TOE running PACE
protocol role as PCD
PSO VERIFY
CRYPTOGRAPHIC
CHECKSUM and PSO
DECIPHER
Table 30: Authentication Data of the COS with package contactless
308 Additional to the Security Functional Requirements for the TOE defined in section 6.1 the TOE
shall meet the following SFR.
309 The security functionality for access control in case of contactless communication is covered
already
by
the
SFR
FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF, FDP_ACF.1/EF, FDP_ACF.1/TEF, FDP_ACF.1/SEF and FDP_ACF.1/KEY because
the TSF shall implement the relevant security attributes described in table 30 even the contactless
package is not included.
310 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Random number generation – RNG for PACE ()” as
specified below.
FCS_RNG.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_RNG.1.1/
PACE
279
Random number generation – RNG for PACE
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a [selection: hybrid deterministic, hybrid
physical]279 random number generator RNG class [selection: DRG.4,
PTG.3] for PACE protocol that implements: [assignment: list of security
[selection: physical, non-physical true, deterministic, hybrid]
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PACE
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
capabilities of the selected RNG class].
The TSF provide random numbers [selection: bits, octets of bits,
numbers [assignment: format of the numbers]] that meet [assignment: a
defined quality metric of the selected RNG class].
311 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – PACE secure messaging
encryption (FCS_COP.1/PACE.ENC)” as specified below:
FCS_COP.1/
PACE.ENC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
PACE.ENC
Cryptographic operation – PACE secure messaging encryption
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform decryption and encryption for secure messaging280
in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm AES in CBC
mode281 and cryptographic key sizes [selection: 128, 192, 256] bit282 that
meet the following TR-03110 [16], COS specification [21]283.
312 Application note 49: This SFR requires the TOE to implement the cryptographic primitive AES
for secure messaging with encryption of transmitted data and encrypting the nonce in the first step
of PACE. The related session keys are agreed between the TOE and the terminal as part of the
PACE protocol according to the FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE.
313 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic operation – PACE secure messaging MAC
(FCS_COP.1/PACE.MAC)” as specified below.
FCS_COP.1/
PACE.MAC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_COP.1.1/
PACE.MAC
Cryptographic operation – PACE secure messaging MAC
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction
The TSF shall perform MAC calculation for secure messaging284 in
accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm CMAC285 and
cryptographic key sizes [selection: 128, 192, 256] bit286 that meet the
following TR-03110 [16], COS specification [21]287.
280
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
281
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
282
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
283
[assignment: list of standards]
284
[assignment: list of cryptographic operations]
285
[assignment: cryptographic algorithm]
286
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
287
[assignment: list of standards]
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314 Application note 50: This SFR requires the TOE to implement the cryptographic primitive for
secure messaging with message authentication code over transmitted data. The related session
keys are agreed between the TOE and the terminal as part of the PACE protocol according to the
FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE.
315 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Cryptographic key generation – DH by PACE
(FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE)” as specified below.
FCS_CKM.1/
DH.PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_CKM.1.1/
DH.PACE
Cryptographic key generation – DH by PACE
No other components.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic operation]
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key destruction.
The TSF shall generate cryptographic keys in accordance with a
specified cryptographic key generation algorithm [selection:
Diffie-Hellman-Protocol compliant to PKCS#3, ECDH compliant to
[17] using the protocol [selection: id-PACE-ECDH-GM-AES-CBCCMAC-128 with brainpoolP256r1, id-PACE-ECDH-GM-AES-CBCCMAC-192 with brainpoolP384r1, id-PACE-ECDH-GM-AES-CBCCMAC-256 with brainpoolP512r1]288 and specified cryptographic key
sizes [selection: 256, 384, 512]289 that meet the following TR-03110
[16], TR-03111 [17]290.
316 Application note 51: The TOE exchanges a shared secret with the external entity during the
PACE protocol, see [16]. This protocol may be based on the Diffie-Hellman-Protocol compliant
to PKCS#3 (i.e. modulo arithmetic based cryptographic algorithm, cf. [33]) or on the ECDH
compliant to TR-03111 [17] (i.e. the elliptic curve cryptographic algorithm ECKA). The shared
secret is used for deriving the AES session keys for message encryption and message
authentication according to [16] for the TSF as required by, FCS_COP.1/ COS.AES, and
FCS_COP.1/ COS.CMAC. FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE implicitly contains the requirements for the
hashing functions used for key derivation by demanding compliance to TR-03110 [16].
317 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FCS_CKM.4/PACE)” as specified below.
FCS_CKM.4/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FCS_CKM.4.1/
PACE
“Cryptographic
key
destruction
-
PACE
Cryptographic key destruction - PACE
No other components.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key generation]
The TSF shall destroy cryptographic keys in accordance with a specified
cryptographic key destruction method [assignment: cryptographic key
destruction method] that meets the following: [assignment: list of
standards].
288
[assignment: cryptographic key generation algorithm]
289
[assignment: cryptographic key sizes]
290
[assignment: list of standards]
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318 Application note 52: The TOE shall destroy the encryption session keys and the message
authentication keys for PACE protocol after reset or termination of the secure messaging (or
trusted channel) session or reaching fail secure state according to FPT_FLS.1. The TOE shall
clear the memory area of any session keys before starting a new communication with an external
entity in a new after-reset-session as required by FDP_RIP.1.
319 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Timing of identification - PACE (FIA_UID.1/PACE)” as
specified below:
FIA_UID.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UID.1.1/
PACE
FIA_UID.1.2/
PACE
Timing of identification - PACE
No other components.
FIA_UAU.1 Timing of authentication.
The TSF shall allow
(1) reading the ATS
(2) to establish a communication channel,
(3) [assignment: list of TSF-mediated actions]291
on behalf of the user to be performed before the user is identified.
The TSF shall require each user to be successfully identified before
allowing any other TSF-mediated actions on behalf of that user.
320 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Timing of authentication - PACE (FIA_UAU.1/PACE)” as
specified below:
FIA_UAU.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.1.1/
PACE
FIA_UAU.1.2/
PACE
Timing of authentication - PACE
No other components.
FIA_UID.1 Timing of identification.
The TSF shall allow
(1) to establish a communication channel,
(2) reading the ATS,
(3) actions allowed according to FIA_UID.1/PACE and
FIA_UAU.1,
(4) [assignment: list of TSF-mediated actions] 292
on behalf of the user to be performed before the user is authenticated.
The TSF shall require each user to be successfully authenticated before
allowing any other TSF-mediated actions on behalf of that user.
321 The TOE shall meet the requirement
(FIA_UAU.4/PACE)” as specified below:
FIA_UAU.4/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
authentication
mechanisms
Single-use authentication mechanisms
No other components.
291
[assignment: list of TSF-mediated actions]
292
[assignment: list of TSF mediated actions]
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Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.4.1/
PACE
Version 1.0, 23rd August 2013
BSI-CC-PP-0082
No dependencies.
The TSF shall prevent reuse of authentication data related to
(1) PACE Protocol in PICC role according to TR-03116 [19], COS
specification [21]293.
322 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Multiple authentication mechanisms - PACE
(FIA_UAU.5/PACE)” as specified below:
FIA_UAU.5/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.5.1/
PACE
FIA_UAU.5.2/
PACE
Multiple authentication mechanisms - PACE protocol
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide
(1) PACE protocol in PICC role according to [16] [20] using
commands GENERAL AUTHENTICATE,
(2) secure messaging in MAC-ENC mode using PACE session keys
according to [20], chapter 13, and [16], part 3, in PICC role.
(3) PACE protocol in PCD role according to [16] [20] using
commands GENERAL AUTHENTICATE,
(4) trusted channel using PACE session keys according to [20],
chapter 13, and [16], part 3, in PCD role 294
to support user authentication.
The TSF shall authenticate any user's claimed identity according to the
(1) the PACE protocol as PICC is used for authentication of the
device using PACE protocol in PCD role and secure messaging
in MAC-ENC mode using PACE session keys is used to
authenticate its commands,
(2) the PACE protocol as PCD is used for authentication of devices
using PACE protocol in PICC role and trusted channel in MACENC mode using PACE session keys is used and messages
received in commands PSO VERIFY CRYPTOGRAPHIC
CHECKSUM and PSO DECIPHER295.
323 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Re-authenticating - PACE
specified below:
FIA_UAU.6/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_UAU.6.1/
PACE
(FIA_UAU.6/PACE)” as
Re-authenticating - PACE protocol
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall re-authenticate the user under the conditions
(1) each command sent to the TOE after successful run of the PACE
protocol as PICC shall be verified as being sent by the PACE
terminal,
293
[assignment: identified authentication mechanism(s)]
294
[assignment: list of multiple authentication mechanisms]
295
[assignment: rules describing how the multiple authentication mechanisms provide authentication]
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(2) each message received in commands PSO VERIFY
CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM and PSO DECIPHER after
successful run of the PACE protocol as PCD shall be verified as
being sent by the authenticated user296.
324 Application note 53: The PACE protocol as PICC specified in [26] starts secure messaging used
for all commands exchanged after successful PACE authentication. The TOE checks each
command by secure messaging in encrypt-then-authenticate mode based on CMAC whether it
was sent by the successfully authenticated terminal (see FCS_COP.1/PACE.MAC for further
details). The TOE does not execute any command with incorrect message authentication code.
Therefore, the TOE re-authenticates the terminal connected, if a secure messaging error occurred,
and accepts only those commands received from the initially authenticated terminal (see
FIA_UAU.6). The PACE protocol as terminal specified in [16] will be specified more detailed in
future versions of the COS specification [20].
325 The TOE shall meet the requirement “User-subject binding - PACE (FIA_USB.1/PACE)” as
specified below:
FIA_USB.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_USB.1.1/
PACE
FIA_USB.1.2/
PACE
FIA_USB.1.3/
PACE
User-subject binding - PACE protocol
No other components.
FIA_ATD.1 User attribute definition
The TSF shall associate the following user security attributes with
subjects acting on the behalf of that user:
(1) The authentication state for the device using PACE protocol in
PCD role with
a. keyIdentifier of the used CAN in the globalSecurityList if
CAN was in MF or in dfSecurityList if the CAN was in the
respective folder,
b. SK4SM referenced in macKey and SSCmac
(2) The authentication state for the device using PACE protocol in
PICC
role
with
SK4TC
referenced
in
keyReferenceList.macCalculation
and
keyReferenceList.
dataEncipher297.
The TSF shall enforce the following rules on the initial association of user
security attributes with subjects acting on the behalf of users: see
FIA_USB.1298.
The TSF shall enforce the following rules governing changes to the user
security attributes associated with subjects acting on the behalf of users:
(1) The authentication state for the device after successful
authenticated using PACE protocol in PCD role is set to
a. keyIdentifier of the used CAN in the globalSecurityList if
CAN was in MF or in dfSecurityList if the CAN was in the
respective DF,
b. SK4SM referenced in macKey and SSCmac.
(2) If an authentication attempt using PACE protocol in PCD role
failed
296
[assignment: list of conditions under which re-authentication is required]
297
[assignment: list of user security attributes]
298
[assignment: rules for the initial association of attributes]
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a. Executing GENERAL AUTHENTICATE for PACE Version 2
[16],
b. receiving commands failing the MAC verification or
encryption defined for secure messaging,
c. receiving messages violation MAC verification or encryption
defined for trusted channel established with PACE,
the authentication state for the specific context has to be set to
“not authenticated” (i.e. the element in globalSecurityList
respective in the dfSecurityList and the SK4SM are deleted).
(3) The authentication state for the device after successful
authenticated using PACE protocol in PICC role with SK4TC is
set in keyReferenceList.macCalculation and keyReferenceList.
dataEncipher.
(4) If the message received in commands PSO VERIFY
CRYPTOGRAPHIC CHECKSUM fails the verification or the
message received in command PSO DECIPHER fail the padding
condition the authentication state of the user gained using PACE
protocol in PICC role and bound to the SK4TC is changed to
“not authenticated” (i.e. the keyReferenceList.macCalculation,
keyReferenceList. dataEncipher and the SK4TC are deleted).
(5) all rules defined in FIA_USB.1,
(6) [assignment: further rules for the changing of attributes]299.
326 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Subset residual information protection - PACE
(FDP_RIP.1/PACE)” as specified below:
FDP_RIP.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_RIP.1.1/
PACE
Subset residual information protection – PACE protocol
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall ensure that any previous information content of a resource
is made unavailable upon the [selection: allocation of the resource to,
deallocation of the resource from]
300 the following objects:
(1) Session Keys (immediately after closing related communication
session),
(2) any ephemeral secret having been generated during DH key
exchange
(3) [assignment: list of additional objects]301.
327 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Basic data exchange confidentiality - PACE
(FDP_UCT.1/PACE)” as specified below:
299
[assignment: rules for the changing of attributes]
300
[selection: allocation of the resource to, deallocation of the resource from]
301
[assignment: list of objects]
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FDP_UCT.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_UCT.1.1/
PACE
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
Basic data exchange confidentiality – PACE protocol
No other components.
[FTP_ITC.1 Inter-TSF trusted channel, or
FTP_TRP.1 Trusted path]
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control, or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow control]
The TSF shall enforce the access control MF_DF SFP, access control EF
SFP, access rule TEF SFP, access rule SEF SFP and access control key
SFP302 to transmit and receive303 user data in a manner protected from
unauthorised disclosure.
328 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Data exchange integrity - PACE (FDP_UIT.1/PACE)” as
specified below:
FDP_UIT.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_UIT.1.1/
PACE
FDP_UIT.1.2/
PACE
Data exchange integrity - PACE protocol
No other components.
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control, or
FDP_IFC.1 Subset information flow control]
[FTP_ITC.1 Inter-TSF trusted channel, or
FTP_TRP.1 Trusted path]
The TSF shall enforce the access control MF_DF SFP, access control EF
SFP, access rule TEF SFP, access rule SEF SFP and access control key
SFP304 to transmit and receive305 user data in a manner protected from
modification, deletion, insertion, and replay306 errors.
The TSF shall be able to determine on receipt of user data, whether
modification, deletion, insertion, and replay307 has occurred.
329 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Inter-TSF trusted channel - PACE (FTP_ITC.1/PACE)” as
specified below.
FTP_ITC.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FTP_ITC.1.1/
PACE
FTP_ITC.1.2/
Inter-TSF trusted channel - PACE
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a communication channel between itself and
another trusted IT product that is logically distinct from other
communication channels and provides assured identification of its end
points and protection of the channel data from modification or disclosure.
The TSF shall permit another trusted IT product308 to initiate
communication via the trusted channel.
302
[assignment: access control SFP(s) and/or information flow control SFP(s)]
303
[selection: transmit, receive]
304
[assignment: access control SFP(s) and/or information flow control SFP(s)]
305
[selection: transmit, receive]
306
[selection: modification, deletion, insertion, replay]
307
[selection: modification, deletion, insertion, replay]
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
PACE
FTP_ITC.1.3/
PACE
The TSF shall initiate enforce309 communication via the trusted channel
for any data exchange between the TOE and the external user.310.
330 Application note 54: The trusted IT product is the
“initiate” is changed to “enforce”, as the TOE is
communication. All the communication is initiated
trusted channel by means of PACE protocol after
reading the ATS.
terminal. In FTP_ITC.1.3/PACE, the word
a passive device that can not initiate the
by the terminal, and the TOE enforces the
establishing a communication channel and
331 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Security roles - PACE (FMT_SMR.1/PACE)” as specified
below.
FMT_SMR.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_SMR.1.1/
PACE
Security roles – PACE protocol
No other components.
FIA_UID.1 Timing of identification
The TSF shall maintain the roles
(1) the roles defined in FMT_SMR.1,
(2) PACE authenticated terminal,
(3) [assignment: additional authorised identified roles]311.
The TSF shall be able to associate users with roles.
FMT_SMR.1.2/
PACE
332 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Management of TSF data - PACE (FMT_MTD.1/PACE)”
as specified below.
FMT_MTD.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MTD.1.1/
PACE
Management of TSF data – PACE protocol
No other components.
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of Management Functions
The TSF shall restrict the ability to read312313 the
(1) CAN used for PACE protocol in PICC role,
(2) session keys of secure messaging channel established using
PACE protocol in PICC role,
(3) session keys of trusted channel established using PACE protocol
in PCD role,
(4) any secret stored during DH key exchange,
308
[selection: the TSF, another trusted IT product]
309
Refinement: The trusted IT product is the terminal. The word “initiate” is changed to “enforce”, as the TOE
is a passive device that can not initiate the communication. All the communication are initiated by the
Terminal, and the TOE enforce the trusted channel.
310
[assignment: list of functions for which a trusted channel is required]
311
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
312
[assignment: other operations]
313
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
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(5) [assignment: list of TSF data] 314
to none315.
The TSF shall restrict the ability to import316317 the CAN used for
PACE protocol in PCD role318 to user authorized for command
GENERAL AUTHENTICATE319.
333 Application note 55: The refinement defined an additional rule for managing the CAN in a special
case of the PACE protocol (i.e. the PCD role). E.g. the human user input the CAN into the
smartcard terminal and the smartcard terminal sent the CAN to the SMC-KT (as TOE). The
SMC-KT runs PACE protocol in PCD role and another smartcard runs PACE protocol in PICC
role. The derived session keys SM4SM and SM4TC shall be kept secret.
334 The TOE shall meet the requirement Export of TSF data - PACE
specified below.
(FPT_ITE.2/PACE) as
FPT_ITE.2/
PACE
Export of TSF data – PACE protocol
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
No dependencies.
The TOE shall export
(1) the public TSF data as defined in FPT_ITE.2.1320
given the following conditions
(1) conditions as defined in FPT_ITE.2.1,
(2) no export of the card access number.321
The TSF shall use [assignment: list of encoding rules to be applied by
TSF] for the exported data.
FPT_ITE.2.1/
PACE
FPT_ITE.2.2/
PACE
335 The TOE shall meet the requirement “User attribute definition - PACE ” (FIA_ATD.1/PACE) as
specified below.
FIA_ATD.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_ATD.1.1/
PACE
User attribute definition – PACE protocol
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall maintain the following list of security attributes belonging
to individual users:
(1) For users defined in FIA_ATD.1
314
[assignment: list of TSF data]
315
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
316
[assignment: other operations]
317
[selection: change_default, query, modify, delete, clear, [assignment: other operations]]
318
[assignment: list of TSF data]
319
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
320
[assignment: list of types of TSF data]
321
[assignment: conditions for export]
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Card Operating System (PP COS)
(2) Additionally for Human User: authentication state gained
with card access number (CAN)322.
336 The TOE shall meet the requirement “TOE emanation - PACE (FPT_EMS.1/PACE)” as specified
below (CC part 2 extended).
FPT_EMS.1/
PACE
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FPT_EMS.1.1/
PACE
FPT_EMS.1.2/
PACE
TOE emanation – PACE protocol
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TOE shall not emit [assignment: types of emissions] in excess of
[assignment: specified limits] enabling access to
(1) Card access number (CAN),
(2) PACE session keys,
(3) any ephemeral secret having been generated during DH key
exchange,
(4) any object listed in FPT_EMS.1
(5) [assignment: list of additional types of TSF data]323
and [assignment: list of types of user data].
The TSF shall ensure any users324 are unable to use the following
interface the contactless interface and circuit contacts325 to gain access
to
(1) Card access number (CAN),
(2) PACE session keys,
(3) any ephemeral secret having been generated during DH key
exchange,
(4) any object listed in FPT_EMS.1,
(5) [assignment: list of additional types of TSF data] 326.
and [assignment: list of types of user data].
337 The following table provides an overview for security functional requirements coverage also
giving an evidence for sufficiency and necessity of the SFRs chosen in the “Package Contactless”.
322
[assignment: list of security attributes]
323
[assignment: list of types of TSF data]
324
[assignment: type of users]
325
[assignment: type of connection]
326
[assignment: list of types of TSF data]
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FCS_RNG.1/PACE
FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE
FCS_CKM.4/PACE
FCS_COP.1/PACE.ENC
FCS_COP.1/PACE.MAC
FIA_UAU.1/PACE
FIA_ATD.1/PACE
FIA_USB.1/PACE
FIA_UAU.4/PACE
FIA_UAU.5/PACE
FIA_UAU.6/PACE
FIA_UID.1/PACE
FPT_EMS.1/PACE
FDP_RIP.1/PACE
FDP_UCT.1/PACE
FDP_UIT.1/PACE
FMT_SMR.1/PACE
FMT_MTD.1/PACE
FPT_ITE.2/PACE
FTP_ITC.1/PACE
O.PACE
O.Crypto
O.KeyManagement
O.AccessControl
O.Authentication
O.TSFDataExport
O.Resp-COS
O.Confidentiality
O.Integrity
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Table 31: Mapping between security objectives for the TOE and SFR for package
Contactless Interface
338 Table 31 above should be taken as extension of Table 24 in order to cover the whole set of
security objectives. Hence, the mappings between security objectives and SFRs in the table above
are used as additional mappings to address the corresponding security objectives.
339 All SFR identified with “/PACE” are implementing security functionality for the security
objective O.PACE.
340 The security objective O.Confidentiality “Confidentiality of internal data” requires the
protection of the confidentiality of sensitive user data and TSF data. The SFR FDP_RIP.1/PACE
addresses this security objective as it requires that residual information regarding sensitive data in
previously used resources will not be available after its usage. Further, the SFR
FMT_MTD.1/PACE requires that the TSF denies everyone the read access to dedicated
confidential TSF data as defined in the SFR. The exception of importing a CAN for PACE
protocol in PCD role is explained in the application note to FMT_MTD.1/PACE.
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341 The security objective O.TSFDataExport “Support of TSF data export” requires the correct
export of TSF data of the object system excluding confidential TSF data. The SFR
FPT_ITE.2/PACE requires the ability of the TOE to export public TSF data and defines
conditions for exporting these TSF data.
342 The security objective O.Authentication “Authentication of external entities” requires the
support of authentication of human users and external devices as well as the ability of the TSF to
authenticate itself. The successful authentication using PACE protocol sets the keyIdentifier in the
globalSecurityList or dfSecurityList. This objective is addressed by the following SFRs:
- FIA_ATD.1/PACE requires that the TSF maintains dedicated security attributes
belonging to individual users.
- FIA_USB.1/PACE requires that the TSF associates the security attribute “authentication
state of the PACE terminal” with subjects acting on behalf of that user. Also, the TSF
shall enforce rules governing changes of these security attributes by the implementation
of commands that perform these changes.
- FIA_UID.1/PACE requires the processing of dedicated actions before a user is identified.
Any other actions shall require user identification.
- FIA_UAU.1/PACE requires the processing of dedicated actions before a user is
authenticated. Any other actions shall require user authentication.
- FIA_UAU.4/PACE requires the prevention of reuse of authentication data related to the
PACE protocol.
- FIA_UAU.5/PACE requires the TSF to support the PACE protocol and secure messaging
based on PACE session keys. Further, the TSF shall authenticate all users based on the
PACE protocol.
- FIA_UAU.6/PACE requires the TSF to support re-authentication of users under
dedicated conditions as given in the SFR.
- FPT_EMS.1/PACE requires that the TOE does not emit any information of sensitive user
data and TSF data by emissions and via circuit interfaces.
- FMT_MTD.1/PACE requires that the TSF restricts the ability to change password objects
by the implementation of dedicated commands and management functions.
- FTP_ITC.1/PACE requires that the TSF provides a communication channel between
itself and another trusted IT product established by PACE. The channel provides assured
identification of its end points and protection of the channel data against modification and
disclosure.
- FMT_SMR.1/PACE requires that the TSF maintains roles and associates users with roles.
343 The security objective O.AccessControl “Access Control for Objects” requires the enforcement
of an access control policy to restricted objects and devices. Further, the management
functionality for the access policy is required. The security attribute of the subject keyIdentifier in
the globalSecurityList or dfSecurityList is already described in the access control SFR. This
objective is addressed by the following SFRs:
- FMT_SMR.1/PACE requires that the TSF maintains roles and associates users with roles.
- FIA_UID.1/PACE defines the TSF mediated actions alloed before a user is identified.
Any other actions shall require user identification.
- FIA_UAU.1/PACE defines the TSF mediated actions before a user is authenticated. Any
other actions shall require user authentication.
- FIA_ATD.1/PACE requires that the TSF maintains dedicated security attributes
belonging to individual users.
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FIA_USB.1/PACE requires that the TSF associates the security attribute “authentication
state of the PACE terminal” with subjects acting on behalf of that user. Also, the TSF
shall enforce rules governing changes of these security attributes by the implementation
of commands that perform these changes.
FTP_ITC.1/PACE requires that the TSF provides a communication channel between
itself and another trusted IT product established by PACE. The channel provides assured
identification of its end points and protection of the channel data against modification and
disclosure.
FPT_ITE.2/PACE requires the export of dedicated TSF data but restricts the kind of TSF
data that can be exported. Hence, confidential data shall not be exported.
344 The security objective O.KeyManagement “Generation and import of keys” requires the ability
of the TSF to secure generation, import, distribution, access control and destruction of
cryptographic keys. Also, the TSF is required to support the import and export of public keys.
This
objective
is
addressed
by
the
SFR
FCS_RNG.1/
PACE that requires that the TSF provides a physical random number generator of class DRG.4 or
PTG.3.
345 The security objective O.Crypto “Cryptographic functions” requires the ability of the TSF to
implement secure cryptographic algorithms. This security objectives is addressed by the
following SFRs that provide additional cryptographic operations:
- FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE requires that the TSF generate cryptographic keys with the
Diffie-Hellman-Protocol or ECDH.
- FCS_CKM.4/PACE requires that the TSF destroys cryptographic keys in accordance
with a given specific key destruction method.
- FCS_COP.1/PACE.ENC requires that the TSF provides decryption and encryption using
AES to be used for secure messaging.
- FCS_COP.1/PACE.MAC requires that the TSF provides computation and verification of
cryptographic checksums using the CMAC algorithm to be used for secure messaging.
346 The following table lists the required dependencies of the SFRs of this PP package and gives the
concrete SFRs from this document which fulfils the required dependencies.
SFR
FCS_RNG.1/PACE
FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE
FCS_CKM.4/PACE
FCS_COP.1/PACE.EN
C
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dependent on
No dependencies.
[FCS_CKM.2 Cryptographic key
distribution, or
FCS_COP.1 Cryptographic
operation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction.
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
fulfilled by
n. a.
FCS_COP.1/PACE.ENC,
FCS_CKM.4/PACE
FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE
FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE,
FCS_CKM.4/PACE
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SFR
FCS_COP.1/PACE.MA
C
FIA_UAU.1/PACE
FIA_ATD.1/PACE
FIA_UAU.4/PACE
FIA_UAU.5/PACE
FIA_UAU.6/PACE
FIA_UID.1/PACE
FIA_USB.1/PACE
FPT_EMS.1/PACE
FPT_ITE.2/PACE
FTP_ITC.1/PACE
FDP_RIP.1/PACE
FDP_UCT.1/PACE
FDP_UIT.1/PACE
FMT_SMR.1/PACE
FMT_MTD.1/PACE
FPT_ITE.2/PACE
dependent on
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
[FDP_ITC.1 Import of user data
without security attributes, or
FDP_ITC.2 Import of user data with
security attributes, or
FCS_CKM.1 Cryptographic key
generation],
FCS_CKM.4 Cryptographic key
destruction
FIA_UID.1 Timing of identification.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
FIA_UAU.1 Timing of
authentication.
FIA_ATD.1 User attribute
definition
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
No dependencies.
[FTP_ITC.1 Inter-TSF trusted
channel, or FTP_TRP.1 Trusted
path],
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
or FDP_IFC.1 Subset information
flow control]
[FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
or FDP_IFC.1 Subset information
flow control],
[FTP_ITC.1 Inter-TSF trusted
channel, or FTP_TRP.1 Trusted
path]
FIA_UID.1 Timing of identification
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
FMT_SMF.1 Specification of
Management Functions
No dependencies.
fulfilled by
FCS_CKM.1/DH.PACE,
FCS_CKM.4/PACE
FIA_UID.1/PACE
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
FIA_UAU.1/PACE
FIA_ATD.1/PACE
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
n. a.
FTP_ITC.1/PACE
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF,
FDP_ACC.1/EF,
FDP_ACC.1/TEF,
FDP_ACC.1/SEF,
FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
FTP_ITC.1/PACE
FDP_ACC.1/ MF_DF,
FDP_ACC.1/EF,
FDP_ACC.1/TEF,
FDP_ACC.1/SEF,
FDP_ACC.1/KEY,
FIA_UID.1/PACE
FMT_SMR.1/PACE,
FMT_SMF.1
n. a.
Table 32: Dependencies of the SFRs
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9 Package Logical Channel
9.1 TOE Overview
347 Additional to the TOE definition given in section TOE definition and operational usage the TOE
is equipped with additional logic channels. The extension is purely functional.
9.2 Security Problem Definition
9.2.1 Assets
Assets
348 The assets do not differ from the assets defined in section 3.1.
Subjects and external entities
349 There are no additional external entities and subjects than those defined in section 3.1.
9.2.2 Threats
350 There are no additional threats than the threats defined in section 3.2.
9.2.3 Organisational Security Policies
351 There are is an additional Organisational Security Policy additional to those defined in section
3.3.
OSP.LogicalChannel
Logical channel
The TOE supports and the operational environment uses logical
channels bound to independent subjects.
352 Application note 56: The COS specification [21] describes the concept of logical channels in
chapter 12.
9.2.4 Assumptions
353 There are no additional Assumptions than the Assumptions defined in section 3.4.
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9.3 Security Objectives
354 The Security Objectives for the TOE (section 4.1) and the Security Objectives for Operational
Environment (section 4.2) are supplemented for the package contactless interface. Therefore the
Security Objective Rationale (section 4.3) is supplemented as well.
355 The TOE shall provide a “Support of more than one logical channel (O.LogicalChannel)” as
specified below.
O.LogicalChannel
Support of more than one logical channel
The TOE supports more than one logical channel each bound to
an independent subject.
356 The operational environment shall provide a “Use of logical channels (OE.LogicalChannel)” as
specified below.
OE.LogicalChannel
357 The security objectives
OSP.LogicalChannel.
Use of logical channels
The operational environment manages logical channels bound
to independent subjects for running independent processes at
the same time.
O.LogicalChannel
and
OE.LogicalChannel
implement
the
9.4 Security Requirements for Package Logical Channel
358 Additional to the Security Functional Requirements for the TOE defined in section 6.1 the TOE
shall meet the following SFR.
359 The TOE shall meet the requirement “User-subject binding – Logical channel (FIA_USB.1/LC)”
as specified below.
FIA_USB.1/LC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FIA_USB.1.1/LC
FIA_USB.1.2/LCs
327
User-subject binding – Logical channel
No other components.
FIA_ATD.1 User attribute definition
The TSF shall associate the following user security attributes with
subjects acting on the behalf of that user:
(1) The authentication state for the context as specified in
FIA_USB.1
(2) The authentication state for a context is bound to the
logical channel the authentication took place327.
The TSF shall enforce the following rules on the initial association
of user security attributes with subjects acting on the behalf of
users:
(1) If a new logical channel is opened the authentication state
is “not authenticated” for all contexts within that logical
channel328.
[assignment: list of user security attributes]
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The TSF shall enforce the following rules governing changes to the
user security attributes associated with subjects acting on the behalf
of users:
(1) Every logical channel has its own context. The rules as
specified in FIA_USB.1.3 for the context shall be enforced
for each logical channel separately.
(2) After a logical channel is closed or reseted, e.g. by the use
of a MANAGE CHANNEL command, the authentication state
for all contexts within the closed logical channel must be
“not authenticated”
(3) The execution of a DELETE command has to be rejected if
more than one channel is open.
(4) [assignment: rules for the changing of attributes]329
FIA_USB.1.3/LC
360 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Subset access control – Logical channel
(FDP_ACC.1/LC)” as specified below.
FDP_ACC.1/LC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACC.1.1/LC
Subset access control – Logical channel
No other components.
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based access control.
The TSF shall enforce the Logical Channel SFP330 on
(1) the subjects FDP_ACF.1/EF and FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF
(2) the objects
a. logical channel,
b. objects as defined in FDP_ACF.1/EF,
c. objects as defined in FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF;
(3) the operation by command following
a. command SELECT,
b. command MANAGE CHANNEL to open, reset and close a
logical channel331.
361 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Security attribute based access control – Logical channel
(FDP_ACF.1/LC)” as specified below.
FDP_ACF.1/LC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FDP_ACF.1.1/LC
Security attribute based access control – Logical channel
No other components.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute initialisation
The TSF shall enforce Logical Channel SFP332 to objects based on the
following
(1) the subjects as defined in FDP_ACF.1/EF and FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF with security attribute “logical channel”
(2) the objects
328
[assignment: rules for the initial association of attributes]
329
[assignment: rules for the changing of attributes]
330
331
[assignment: access control SFP]
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
332
[assignment: access control SFP]
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FDP_ACF.1.2/LC
FDP_ACF.1.3/LC
FDP_ACF.1.4/LC
a. logical channel with channel number,
b. as defined in FDP_ACF.1/EF and FDP_ACF.1/
MF_DF with security attribute “shareable”333
The TSF shall enforce the following rules to determine if an operation
among controlled subjects and controlled objects is allowed:
(1) The command MANAGE CHANNEL is [selection: ALWAYS
allowed, [assignment: supported access control rules]].
(2) An subject is allowed to open, reset or close a logical channel
with channel number higher than 1 if a logical channel is
available and the subject fulfils the access conditions for
command MANAGE CHANNEL with the corresponding
parameter P1.
(3) An subject is allowed to select an object as current object in
more than one logical channel if it the security attribute
“shareable” is set to “True”334.
The TSF shall explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects based on
the following additional rules: none335.
The TSF shall explicitly deny access of subjects to objects based on the
following additional rules:
(1) if the security attribute of an object is set to “not shareable” this
object is not accessible as current object in more than one
logical channel336.
362 Application note57: The COS specification [21] claims that the security attribute “shareable” is
always “True”.
363 The TOE shall meet the requirement “Static attribute initialisation (FMT_MSA.3)” as specified
below.
FMT_MSA.3/LC
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FMT_MSA.3.1/LC
Static attribute initialisation – Logical channel
No other components.
FMT_MSA.1 Management of security attributes
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
The TSF shall enforce the Logical Channel SFP337 to provide
restrictive338 default values for security attributes that are used to
enforce the SFP. After a logical channel is opened the security
attributes of the subject associated with this logical channel are set
as follows
(1) currentFolder is root,
(2) keyReferenceList, globalSecurityList, globalPasswordList,
dfSpecificSecurityList, dfSpecificPasswordList bitSecurityList
333
[assignment: list of subjects and objects controlled under the indicated SFP, and for each, the SFP-relevant
security attributes, or named groups of SFP-relevant security attributes]
334
[assignment: rules governing access among controlled subjects and controlled objects using controlled
operations on controlled objects]
335
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects]
336
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly deny access of subjects to objects]
337
[assignment: access control SFP, information flow control SFP]
338
[selection, choose one of: restrictive, permissive, [assignment: other property]]
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are empty,
(3) SessionkeyContext.flagSessionEnabled to noSK,
(4) seIdentifier is #1,
(5) currentFile is undefined.
FMT_MSA.3.2/LC
The TSF shall allow the subjects allowed to execute the command LOAD
APPLICATION339 to specify alternative initial values to override the
default values when an object or information is created.
FIA_USB.1/LC
FDP_ACC.1/LC
FDP_ACF.1/LC
FMT_MSA.3/LC
O.LogicalChannel
O.SecureMessaging
O.Crypto
O.KeyManagement
O.AccessControl
O.Authentication
O.TSFDataExport
O.Resp-COS
O.Confidentiality
O.Integrity
364 The following table provides an overview for security functional requirements coverage also
giving an evidence for sufficiency and necessity of the SFRs chosen in the Logical Channel
package.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Table 33: Mapping between security objectives for the TOE and SFR for the package
Logical Channels
365 Table 33 above should be taken as extension of Table 24 in order to cover the whole set of
security objectives. Hence, the mappings between security objectives and SFRs in the table above
are used as additional mappings to address the corresponding security objectives.
366 The security objectives O.AccessControl “Access Control for Objects” and O.LogicalChannel
“Support of more than one logical channel” require the enforcement of an access control policy to
restricted objects and devices in more than one logical channel. Further, the management
functionality for the access policy is required. This security objective is addressed by the
following SFRs:
- FIA_USB.1/LC requires that the TSF associates the user authentication state with
subjects acting on behalf of that user. Also, the TSF shall enforce rules governing
changes of these security attributes by the implementation of commands that perform
these changes.
- FDP_ACC.1/LC requires that the TSF enforces an logical channel control policy to
restrict operations on dedicated EF and DF objects performed by subjects of the TOE.
- FDP_ACF.1/LC requires that the TSF enforce an logical channel control policy to restrict
operations on dedicated EF and DF objects based on a set of rules defined in the SFR.
Also, the TSF is required to deny access to dedicated EF and DF objects in case that the
security attribute of the object is set to “not sharable”.
339
[assignment: the authorised identified roles]
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-
FMT_MSA.3/LC requires that the TSF assign restrictive security attributes to the
subjects of new opened logical channel.
367 The following table lists the required dependencies of the SFRs of this PP package and gives the
concrete SFRs from this document which fulfils the required dependencies.
SFR
FIA_USB.1/LC
FDP_ACC.1/LC
FDP_ACF.1/LC
FMT_MSA.3/LC
dependent on
FIA_ATD.1 User attribute definition
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based
access control.
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control,
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute
initialisation
FMT_MSA.1 Management of
security attributes,
FMT_SMR.1 Security roles
fulfilled by
FIA_ATD.1
FDP_ACF.1/LC
FDP_ACC.1/LC,
FMT_MSA.3
FMT_MSA.1/Life,
FMT_MSA.1/PIN,
FMT_MSA.1/Auth,
FMT_SMR.1
Table 34: Dependencies of the SFRs
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10 Annex: Composite Evaluation of Smart Cards as Signature
Products based on COS Smart Card Platforms (Informative)
368 The TOE of the protection profile in hand may be used as smart card platform for smart cards
used as secure signature-creation devices (SSCD) and as parts of signature-creation applications
(SCA). The SSCD shall and SCA should be evaluated for approval as signature product according
to the German Signature Ordinance [46]. This evaluation may be performed as composite
evaluation [8] with a TOE certified conforming to the protection profile in hand as Certified
Platform and the object system of the smart card as Application.
369 This informative annex discuss how security targets for such composite evaluation may be written
on the examples of the electronic Health Card (eHC), electronic health professional card (eHPC)
as SSCD and the secure module cards of KT (gSMC-KT) and K (gSMC-K) as part of SCA. It
uses the CEN standards [12], [14] and [15] as protection profiles describing security requirements
for SSCD.
370 Note however, that the German Digital Signature Ordinance does not require conformance to any
protection profile in order to evaluate a product for qualified digital signatures. Therefore an ST
author may also consider relevant contents from one of these PPs without claiming formal
conformance.
10.1 Smart Cards as Secure Signature-creation Devices based COS
(Informative)
371 The preparation of a smart card as SSCD includes the following steps.
(1) The personalisation as SSCD comprises the definition of the signatory as authorized user of
the signature-creation data in the SSCD i.e. a private signature key.
(2) The initialization of the SSCD comprises the loading into or generation by the SSCD of the
signature key pair. The SSCD shall implement the private key as signature-creation data and
should implement the public key e.g. for verification of the digital signature generated with
the private key as self-test.
(3) The generation of the qualified certificate by Certification Service Provider for qualified
certificates (CSP-QC) containing the signature verification data (SVD) which correspond to
signature creation data (SCD) under the control of the signatory, the name of the signatory or
a pseudonym, which is to be identified as such, an indication of the beginning and end of the
validity period of the certificate. The qualified certificate shall be verifiable by means of the
directory services of the CSP-QC. The CSP-QC SSCD should load certificate info or the
certificate into the SSCD for signatory convenience.
372 The following sections assume that the eHC and the eHPC implement the MF and the DF.QES as
defined in the object system specifications [22] for eHC and [23] for eHPC.340
340
Note the smart card platform, the MF and the DF.QES define the security features of the eHC and eHPC in
respect of the qualified electronic signature. The other parts of the object system must not affect this security
functionality. The MF and the DF.QES specification are expected being stable and independent on updates
of the object system specifications.
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373 The ST for the eHC and eHPC as SSCD may claim conformance to the protection profile in hand
and appropriate SSCD protection profile depending on the method of the initialization and the
method of use as SSCD.
10.1.1 eHC as SSCD
374 The eHC are issued by the German health insurance companies to patients insured by them for
use health care services. If the patient as cardholder wishes the eHC shall be prepared by a CSPQC as SSCD where the patient is the signatory.
375 The object system specification of the eHC [22] already specifies in DF.QES
(1) the user Signatory by means of PIN.QES,
(2) the signature-creation data as Pr.CH.QES.R2048
Pr.CH.QES.R3072 and Pr.CH.QES.E384
(mandatory)
and
optional
(3) the EF.C.CH.QES.R2048 and optional for other certificates.
376 The role Signatory is different from role cardholder defined by regular password PIN.CH in MF
and the roles defined by multi-reference password referencing to the secret of the PIN.CH.
377 The eHC may be initialized in three different ways:
(1) The CSP-QC may generate the signature key pair and load the private key as signaturecreation data into the SSCD. In this case the ST author should claim conformance to the
Protection profiles for secure signature creation device — Part 3: Device with key import,
BSI-CC-PP-0075 [13]. The CSP-QC will send the public key to the certificate-generation
application in its trusted environment.
(2) The CSP-QC may generate the signature key pair by the eHC and export the public key from
the SSCD to the certificate-generation application in its trusted environment. In this case the
ST author should claim conformance to the Protection profiles for secure signature creation
device — Part 2: Device with key generation, BSI-CC-PP-0059 [12].
(3) The CSP-QC or the signatory may generate the signature key pair by the eHC and export the
public key from the SSCD to the certificate-generation application through trusted channel
after delivery of the smart card to the cardholder. In this case the ST author should claim
conformance to the Protection profiles for secure signature creation device — Part 4:
Extension for device with key generation and trusted communication with certificate
generation application, BSI-CC-PP-0071 [14].
378 Note the object specification of the eHC [22] does not specifies the access control rule for
Pr.CH.QES.x and command GENERATE ASYMMETRIC KEY PAIR and therefore allows for
product and CSP-QC specific solutions.
379 The regular password PIN.QES shall be protected by setting the security attribute transportStatus
to Transport-PIN in time of delivery of the eHC to the cardholder and before personalization as
SSCD by changing the transportStatus to Reguläres Passwort. The security attribute “SCD
operational” defined in the SSCD PP [13] and [12] and referenced by conformance claim [14] is
implemented by means of the security attribute transportStatus of the PIN.QES, where the value
Transport-PIN of the security attribute transportStatus meets the value “no” of the security
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attribute “SCD operational” and the value Reguläres Passwort of the security attribute
transportStatus meets the value “yes” of the security attribute “SCD operational”.
380 The access control rules of the signature-creation data Pr.CH.QES.R2048, Pr.CH.QES.R3072 and
Pr.CH.QES.E384 for the signature-creation function by means of command PSO COMPUTE
DIGITAL SIGNATURE defined in [22] meet the SFR FDP_ACF.1/Signature_Creation as
defined in the SSCD PP [12], [13] and [14].
10.1.2 eHPC as SSCD
381 The eHPC is mandatory issued as SSCD. The eHPC supports
(1) local PIN entry, i.e. it is assumed that the PIN is entered at the same smart card terminal as
the eHPC is used and send to the eHPC in clear text,
(2) remote PIN entry, i.e. the smart card terminal used as PIN entry device transmits the PIN
through a trusted channel to the eHPC in another (or even the same) smart card terminal,
(3)
single signature-creation, i.e. creation of only one signature after authentication as signatory,
and
(4) batch signature creation, i.e. creation of one or more signature after authentication as
signatory.
382 The object system specification of the eHPC [23] already specifies in DF.QES
(1) the user Signatory by means of PIN.QES,
(2) the signature-creation data as Pr.CH.QES.R2048
Pr.CH.QES.R3072 and Pr.CH.QES.E384
(mandatory)
and
optional
(3) the EF.C.CH.QES.R2048 and optional for other certificates.
383 The role Signatory is different from role cardholder defined by regular password PIN.CH in MF
and the roles defined by multi-reference password referencing to the secret of the PIN.CH.
384 The eHPC may be initialized in three different ways:
(1) The CSP-QC may generate the signature key pair and load the private key as signaturecreation data into the SSCD. In this case the ST author should claim conformance to the
Protection profiles for secure signature creation device — Part 3: Device with key import,
BSI-CC-PP-0075 [13]. The CSP-QC will send the public key to the certificate-generation
application in its trusted environment.
(2) The CSP-QC may generate the signature key pair by the eHPC and export the public key
from the SSCD to the certificate-generation application in its trusted environment. In this
case the ST author should claim conformance to the Protection profiles for secure signature
creation device — Part 2: Device with key generation, BSI-CC-PP-0059 [12].
(3) The CSP-QC or the signatory may generate the signature key pair by the eHPC and export
the public key from the SSCD to the certificate-generation application through trusted
channel after delivery of the smart card to the cardholder. In this case the ST author should
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claim conformance to the Protection profiles for secure signature creation device — Part 4:
Extension for device with key generation and trusted communication with certificate
generation application, BSI-CC-PP-0071 [14].
385 Note the object specification of the eHPC [23] does not specifies the access control rule for
Pr.CH.QES.x and command GENERATE ASYMMETRIC KEY PAIR but leave the access
control rule up to the CSP-QS. Because of mandatory initialization of eHPC as SSCD the case is
unlikely of practical use.
386 The regular password PIN.QES shall be protected by setting the security attribute transportStatus
to Transport-PIN in time of delivery of the eHPC to the cardholder and before personalization as
SSCD by changing the transportStatus to Reguläres Passwort. The security attribute “SCD
operational” defined in the SSCD PP [13] and [12] and referenced by conformance claim [14] is
implemented by means of the security attribute transportStatus of the PIN.QES, where the value
Transport-PIN of the security attribute transportStatus meets the value “no” of the security
attribute “SCD operational” and the value Reguläres Passwort of the security attribute
transportStatus meets the value “yes” of the security attribute “SCD operational”.
387 The PIN authentication using a remote smart card terminal as PIN entry device requires the
confidentiality protection of the PIN transmitted between this terminal and the eHPC. This
confidentiality protection is enabled by the Konnektor controlling mutual authentication between
gSMC-KT as PIN sender and eHPC as PIN receiver and establishing a secure messaging channel
between them. Note because the eHPC supports both local PIN entry and remote PIN entry and
cannot distinguish between them the eHPC does not enforce secure messaging as PIN receiver for
the PIN.QES.
388 The access control rules for the single signature creation function with signature-creation data
Pr.CH.QES.R2048, Pr.CH.QES.R3072 and Pr.CH.QES.E384 and command PSO COMPUTE
DIGITAL SIGNATURE defined in [23] rquires successful authentication with PIN.QES only and
meet the SFR FDP_ACF.1/Signature_Creation as defined in the SSCD PP [12], [13] and [14].
389 The access control rules for the batch signature creation function with signature-creation data
Pr.CH.QES.R2048, Pr.CH.QES.R3072 and Pr.CH.QES.E384 and command PSO COMPUTE
DIGITAL SIGNATURE defined in [23] enforces
(1) successful authentication of the signatory with PIN.QES, and
(2) successful device authentication with CHA ‘D2760000400033’, i.e. gSMC-K as
representative of the SCA of the Konnektor as sender of the data to be signed (DTBS) (cf.
chapter 10.2.2 gSMC-K as part of the SCA of the Konnektor for details) and secure
messaging with protection of integrity and confidentiality.
390 The security requirements for protected communication between SSCD (with key generation) and
SCA are described in the prEN 14169-5:2012: Protection profiles for secure signature creation
device — Part 5: Extension for device with key generation and trusted communication with
signature creation application, BSI-CC-PP-0072 [15]. The ST writer for TOE as SSCD with key
import (cf. [13]) may use the SFR in analogous way.
391 Note the BSI-CC-PP-0072 [15] requires the SSCD or human interface device (i.e. the smart card
terminal) to initiate the trusted channel for protection of the signature verification data as required
by the method of authentication used (i.e. of confidentiality and integrity in case of PIN), cf. SFR
FTP_ITC.1/VAD. Furthermore this PP requires the SSCD to detect manipulation and insertion of
DTBS received, cf. FDP_UIT.1/DTBS, and establishment of trusted channel between SCA and
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SSCD for signature-creation cf. FTP_ITC.1/DTBS. Therefore the ST writer cannot claim
conformance to BSI-CC-PP-0072 [15] for the ST describing the eHCP as SSCD.
392 The ST writer shall instead describe more precise security objectives for the operational
environment to address optional usage of trusted channel for remote PIN entry like this.
OE.TC_PIN
Trusted channel for remote PIN entry
The PIN entry device shall authenticate themselves as PIN
sender and the TOE as PIN receiver, and send the PIN of the
signatory in trusted channel to the TOE.
393 The ST writer may describe more precise security objectives for the TOE and the operational
environment and similar but not identical SFR in order
(1) to allow for single signature-creation without trusted channel for DTBS and
(2) to enforce the authentication and the transmission of DTBS in the established trusted channel
for as access control condition for batch signature-creation
like these.
394 The TOE shall fulfil the security objective “Batch signature support (O.BatchSignature)” as
specified below.
O.BatchSignature
Batch signature support
The TOE enforces the authentication of SCA and the
transmission of DTBS in the established trusted channel for as
access control condition for batch signature-creation.
395 The operational environment shall fulfil the security objective “Batch signature control
(OE.BatchSignature)” as specified below.
OE.BatchSignature
Batch signature control
The SCA authenticates themselves to the TOE and transmits
the DTBS for batch signature-creation in the established trusted
channel to the TOE.
396 The TOE shall meet the requirements “Subset Access Control (FDP_ACC.1)” and “Security
attribute based access control (FDP_ACF.1)”as specified below.
397 FDP_ACC.1/BatchSign Subset access control – Batch signature-creation
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
FDP_ACF.1 Security attribute based access control
FDP_ACC.1.1/
BatchSign
341
The TSF shall enforce the Signature-creation SFP341 on
1. subjects:
(a) signatory,
[assignment: access control SFP]
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(b)
signature-creation application,
2. objects:
(a) Signature-creation data PrK.HP.QES,
(b)
DTBS-representation,
3. operations:
(a) command PSO: COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE,342
398 FDP_ACF.1/BatchSign Security attribute based access control– Signature-creation
Hierarchical to:
No other components.
Dependencies:
FDP_ACC.1 Subset access control
FMT_MSA.3 Static attribute initialisation
FDP_ACF.1.1/
The TSF shall enforce the Signature-creation SFP343 to objects based on
BatchSign
the following:
1. subjects:
(a) human user with authentication status,
(b) signature-creation application with authentication status,
2. objects:
(a) Signature-creation data PrK.HC.QES with security attribute
lifeCycleStatus set to “Operation state(activated)”,
(b) DTBS-representation344.
FDP_ACF.1.2/
BatchSign
The TSF shall enforce the following rules to determine if an operation
among controlled subjects and controlled objects is allowed:
1. the human user successfully authenticated with PIN.QES is allowed
to create 1 signatures using PrK.HP.QES with lifeCycleStatus set to
“Operation state(activated)” by means of the command PSO:
COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE in security environment #1
2. the human user successful authenticated with PIN.QES and using
signature-creation application successfully authenticated with CHA
‘D2760000400033’ with trusted channel to the TOE is allowed to
create n signatures using PrK.HP.QES with lifeCycleStatus set to
“Operation state(activated)” by means of the command PSO:
COMPUTE DIGITAL SIGNATURE in security environment #2345.
FDP_ACF.1.3/
BatchSign
FDP_ACF.1.4/
BatchSign
The TSF shall explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects based on
the following additional rules: none346.
The TSF shall explicitly deny access of subjects to objects based on the
rule:
1. to create signature without security attribute lifeCycleStatus of
PrK.HP.QES set to “Operation state(activated)”,
342
[assignment: list of subjects, objects, and operations among subjects and objects covered by the SFP]
343
[assignment: access control SFP]
344
[assignment: list of subjects and objects controlled under the indicated SFP, and for each, the SFP-relevant
security attributes, or named groups of SFP-relevant security attributes]
345
[assignment: rules governing access among controlled subjects and controlled objects using controlled
operations on controlled objects]
346
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly authorise access of subjects to objects]
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2. to create more than one signature with PrK.HP.QES after successful
authentication with PIN.QES by sending the DTBS-representation
without secure messaging provided by signature-creation application
successfully authenticated with CHA ‘D2760000400033’. 347
399 The secure messaging channel may be described like this:
FTP_ITC.1/
SM_BatchSig
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FTP_ITC.1.1/
SM_BatchSig
FTP_ITC.1.2/
SM_BatchSig
FTP_ITC.1.3/
SM_BatchSig
Inter-TSF trusted channel – Secure Messaging for batch signature
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a communication channel between itself and
another trusted IT product that is logically distinct from other
communication channels and provides assured identification of its end
points and protection of the channel data from modification or disclosure.
The TSF shall permit the TSF348 to initiate communication via the trusted
channel.
The TSF shall initiate enforce349 communication via the trusted channel
with SK4SM for receiving of commands from the SCA and sending
responses to the SCA350.
400 The selection in the element FPT_ITC.1.2/SM_BatchSig is based on the first command GET
CHALLENGE sent to the TOE in order to initiate the mutual authentication protocol generating
the secure messaging keys SK4SM of the TSF (cf [21], chapter 15.4.1).
401 The refinement in the element FPT_ITC.1.3/SM_BatchSig describes that the eHPC uses secure
messaging with SK4SM. Note the COS specification distinguishes (simplified) between
(1) secure messaging for smart cards
(a) verifying the MAC of received commands and decrypting received data and
(b) encrypting and MAC calculating the responses, and
(2) trusted channel for smart cards
(a) encrypting the data of commands and MAC calculating for the commands and
(b) MAC verification and decrypting the data of the responses.
The CC terminology summarizes the communication under the term “trusted channel”.
347
[assignment: rules, based on security attributes, that explicitly deny access of subjects to objects]
348
[selection: the TSF, another trusted IT product]
349
Refinement: The trusted IT product is the terminal. The word “initiate” is changed to ‘enforce”, as the TOE
is a passive device that can not initiate the communication. All the communication are initiated by the
Terminal, and the TOE enforce the trusted channel.
350
[assignment: list of functions for which a trusted channel is required]
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10.2 Smart Cards as Part of Signature-creation Application based on COS
Smart Card Platforms (Informative)
10.2.1 gSMC-KT as part of Electronic Health Card Terminal
402 The Electronic Health Card Terminal (eHCT) may be used as PIN entry device for the PIN.QES
of the signatory to be sent to the SSCD eHPC. In this case the eHKT is part of the SCA. The
eHKT may use gSMC-KT for
protection of confidentiality and integrity of the PIN.QES by sending the PIN commands
through a trusted channel,
protected storage of asymmetric key material and other security critical data in DF.KT used
for establishing the TLS channel between the eHKT and the Konnektor as describe in the
Technical guidance for batch signature creation [18].
The security functionality of trusted channel used by the gSMC-KT is already described in
chapter 7 Package Crypto Box.
403 The private key for authentication as PIN sender to the SSCD eHPC is
PrK.SMC.AUTD_RPS_CVC.R2048 and PrK.SMC.AUTD_RPS_CVC.E256 for the SMC-KT
stored in MF. The authentication reference data are certificates C.SMC.AUTD_RPS_CVC.R2048
and C.SMC.AUTD_RPS_CVC.E256 for the SMC-KT stored also in MF. The establishment of
the trusted channel between these smart cards is controlled by the Konnektor. The ST writer may
describe the SFR for this trusted channel by means of the component FTP_ITC.1 like this.
404 The trusted channel provided by the gSMC-KT may be described like this:
FTP_ITC.1/
TC_PIN
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FTP_ITC.1.1/
TC_PIN
FTP_ITC.1.2/
TC_PIN
FTP_ITC.1.3/
TC_PIN
Inter-TSF trusted channel – Trusted channel for batch signature
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a communication channel between itself and
another trusted IT product that is logically distinct from other
communication channels and provides assured identification of its end
points and protection of the channel data from modification or disclosure.
The TSF shall permit another trusted IT product 351 to initiate
communication via the trusted channel.
The TSF shall initiate enforce352 communication via the trusted channel
with SK4TC for sending of PIN commands to the SSCD and receiving
responses from the SSCD.353.
351
[selection: the TSF, another trusted IT product]
352
Refinement: The trusted IT product is the terminal. The word “initiate” is changed to ‘enforce”, as the TOE
is a passive device that can not initiate the communication. All the communication are initiated by the
Terminal, and the TOE enforce the trusted channel.
353
[assignment: list of functions for which a trusted channel is required]
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405 The private keys PrK.SMKT.AUTD_RPS_CVC.R2048 and PrK.SMKT.AUTD_RPS_CVC.E256
are used for the command PSO DECIPHER by the eHKT. The certificates
C.SMKT.AUTD_RPS_CVC.R2048 and C.SMKT.AUTD_RPS_CVC.E256 are used by the
external device as authentication reference data for the eHKT.
10.2.2 gSMC-K as part of the SCA of the Konnektor
406 The Konnektor implements a SCA and includes a gSMC-K for
protection of confidentiality and integrity of the DTBS by means of a trusted channel for
sending the signature-creation commands and receiving the digital signature for batch
signature-creation by the eHPC (cf. chapter 10.1.2 eHPC as SSCD),
protected storage of asymmetric key material and other security critical data in DF.KT used
for establishing the TLS channel between the eHKT and the Konnektor as describe in the
Technical guidance for batch signature creation [18].
The security functionality of trusted channel used by the gSMC-KT is already described in
chapter 7 Package Crypto Box.
407 .The private key for authentication gSMC-K as SCA is PrK.SAK.AUTD_CVC.E256 (alternative
PrK.SAK.AUTD_CVC.E384) stored in DF.SAK. The authentication reference data are
certificates C.SAK.AUTD_CVC.E256 (optional C.SAK.AUTD_CVC.E384) stored also in
DF.SAK. The establishment of the trusted channel between these smart cards is controlled by the
SCA. The ST writer may describe the SFR for this trusted channel provided by the gSMC-K like
this.
408 The trusted channel be described like this:
FTP_ITC.1/
TC_BatchSig
Hierarchical to:
Dependencies:
FTP_ITC.1.1/
TC_BatchSig
FTP_ITC.1.2/
TC_BatchSig
FTP_ITC.1.3/
TC_BatchSig
Inter-TSF trusted channel – Trusted channel for batch signature
No other components.
No dependencies.
The TSF shall provide a communication channel between itself and
another trusted IT product that is logically distinct from other
communication channels and provides assured identification of its end
points and protection of the channel data from modification or disclosure.
The TSF shall permit another trusted IT product 354 to initiate
communication via the trusted channel.
The TSF shall initiate enforce355 communication via the trusted channel
with SK4TC for sending of commands to the SSCD and receiving
responses from the SSCD.356.
354
[selection: the TSF, another trusted IT product]
355
Refinement: The trusted IT product is the terminal. The word “initiate” is changed to ‘enforce”, as the TOE
is a passive device that can not initiate the communication. All the communication are initiated by the
Terminal, and the TOE enforce the trusted channel.
356
[assignment: list of functions for which a trusted channel is required]
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11 Acronyms
409 The terminology and abbreviations of Common Criteria version 3.1 [1], [2], [3], Revision 4 and
the specification [21] apply.
Acronyms
CAP
CC
CCRA
CM
COS
CSP-QC
CVC
EAL
EF
DF
eHC
eHCT
eHPC
IC
MF
OS
OSP
PC
PCD
PICC
PKI
PP
SAR
SCA
SCD
SEF
SFP
SFR
SICP
SMC-B
SMC-K
SMC-KT
SPD
SSCD
SVD
Term
Composed Assurance Package
Common Criteria
Arrangement on the Recognition of Common Criteria Certificates in the field
of IT Security
Configuration Management
Card operating system
Certification Service Provider for qualified certificates
Card verifiable certificate
Evaluation Assurance Level
elementary file
Folder, i.e. Application, Dedicated file and Application Dedicated file
Electronic health care card (elektronische Gesundheitskarte)
Electronic Health Card Terminal
Electronic professional card (elektronischer Heilberufsausweis)
Integrated Circuit
Master file
Operating System
Organisational Security Policy
Personal Computer
Proximity Coupling Device (as defined in [16] part 2)
Proximity Integrated Circuit Chip (as defined in [16] part 2)
Public Key Infrastructure
Protection Profile
Security Assurance Requirement
Signature creation applications
Signature creation data
Structured elementary file
Security Function Policy
Security Functional Requirement
Secure integrated chip platform
Secure modul card type B
Secure modul card type K
Secure modul card type KT
Security Problem Definition
Secure signature-creation device
Signature verification data
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Acronyms
ST
TEF
TOE
TSF
TSFI
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Term
Security Target
transparent elementary file
Target of Evaluation
TOE Security Functionality
TSF Interface
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Version 1.0, 23rd August 2013
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12 Bibliography
Common Criteria
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
[10]
Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Part 1: Introduction and
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Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Part 2: Security Functional
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Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Part 3: Security assurance
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Common Methodology for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Evaluation
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AIS20: Functionality classes and evaluation methodology for deterministic random number
generators, Version 2.1, 02.12.2011, Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
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W. Killmann, W. Schindler, „A proposal for: Functionality classes for random number
generators“, Version 2.0, September 18, 2011
CC Supporting Document, Composite product evaluation for Smart Cards and similar devices,
September 2007, Version 1.0, Revision 1, CCDB-2007-09-001
Supporting Document Mandatory Technical Document: The Application of CC to Integrated
Circuits, March 2009, Version 3.0, Revision 1, CCDB-2009-03-002
Supporting Document Guidance, Smartcard Evaluation, February 2010, Version 2.0, CCDB2010-03-001
Protection Profiles
[11]
[12]
[13]
[14]
[15]
Protection Profile Security IC Platform Protection Profile developed by Atmel, Infineon
Technologies AG, NXP Semiconductors, Renesas Technology Europe Ltd.,
STMicrocontrolles, Registered and Certified by Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der
Informationstechnik (BSI) under the reference BSI-PP-0035, Version 1.0, 15.06.2007
prEN 14169-2:2012: Protection profiles for secure signature creation device — Part 2: Device
with key generation, BSI-CC-PP-0059
prEN 14169-3:2012: Protection profiles for secure signature creation device — Part 3: Device
with key import, BSI-CC-PP-0075
prEN 14169-4:2012: Protection profiles for secure signature creation device — Part 4:
Extension for device with key generation and trusted communication with certificate
generation application, BSI-CC-PP-0071
prEN 14169-5:2012: Protection profiles for secure signature creation device — Part 5:
Extension for device with key generation and trusted communication with signature creation
application, BSI-CC-PP-0072
Technical Guidelines and Specifications
[16]
Technical Guideline TR-03110 Advanced Security Mechanisms for Machine Readable Travel
Documents Part1 – eMRTDs with BAC/PACEv2 and EACv1, Part 2, Part 2 – Extended
Access Control Version 2 (EACv2), Password Authenticated Connection Establishment
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
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[17]
[18]
[19]
[20]
[21]
[22]
[23]
[24]
[25]
[26]
[27]
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
(PACE),and Restricted Identification (RI), Part 3 – Common Specifications, TR-03110,
version 2.10, 24.03.2012, Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (BSI)
Technical Guideline TR-03111 Elliptic Curve Cryptography, TR-03111, version 2.0,
28.08.2012, Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (BSI)
Technische Richtlinie TR-03114 Stapelsignatur mit dem Heilberufsausweis, BSI, Version:
2.0, 22.10.2007
Technische Richtlinie TR-03116, eCard-Projekte der Bundesregierung, Version 3.16 vom
07.08.2012, Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (BSI)
Technische Richtlinie TR-03143 „eHealth G2-COS Konsistenz-Prüftool“ (in Vorbereitung) 357
Einführung der Gesundheitskarte, Spezifikation des Card Operating System (COS),
Elektrische Schnittstelle, Version 3.1.0 vom 10.01.2013, gematik Gesellschaft für
Telematikanwendungen der Gesundheitskarte GmbH
Einführung der Gesundheitskarte Spezifikation der elektronischen Gesundheitskarte eGKObjektsystem,
Version:
3.1.1
vom
23.01.2013,
gematik
Gesellschaft
für
Telematikanwendungen der Gesundheitskarte GmbH
Einführung der Gesundheitskarte Spezifikation des elektronischen Heilberufsausweises HBAObjektsystem, 3.1.0 vom 10.01.2013, gematik Gesellschaft für Telematikanwendungen der
Gesundheitskarte GmbH
Einführung der Gesundheitskarte Spezifikation der Secure Module Card SMC-B
Objektsystem,
Version
3.1.0
vom
10.01.2013,
gematik
Gesellschaft
für
Telematikanwendungen der Gesundheitskarte GmbH
Einführung der Gesundheitskarte Spezifikation der gSMC-K Objektsystem, Version 3.1.0
vom 10.01.2013, gematik Gesellschaft für Telematikanwendungen der Gesundheitskarte
GmbH
Einführung der Gesundheitskarte Spezifikation gSMC-KT Objektsystem, Version 3.1.0 vom
10.01.2013, gematik Gesellschaft für Telematikanwendungen der Gesundheitskarte GmbH
International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO MACHINE READABLE TRAVEL
DOCUMENTS, TECHNICAL REPORT, Supplemental Access Control for Machine
Readable Travel Documents, Version 1.00, November 2010
Cryptography
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contacts —Part 3: Electrical interface and transmission protocols
ISO/IEC 7816-4: 2013 (2nd edition) Identification cards — Integrated circuit cards— Part 4:
Organisation, security and commands for interchange
ISO/IEC 7816-8: 2004 (2nd edition) Identification cards — Integrated circuit cards— Part 8:
Commands for security operations
ISO/IEC 9796-2:2010 Information technology -- Security techniques -- Digital signature
schemes giving message recovery -- Part 2: Integer factorization based mechanisms
ISO/IEC 9797-1 Information technology – Security techniques – Message Authentication
Codes (MACs) – Part 1: Mechanisms using a block cipher
please note that this Technical Guideline may annually be updated, see www.bsi.bund.de (e.g. Publikationen
-> Technische Richtlinien -> Technische Richtlinie fuer die eCard-Projekte der Bundesregierung (BSI
TR-03116)).
page 152 of 153
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Common Criteria Protection Profile
Card Operating System (PP COS)
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Version 1.0, 23rd August 2013
BSI-CC-PP-0082
Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 197, ADVANCED ENCRYPTION
STANDARD (AES), U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE/National Institute of Standards
and Technology, November 26, 2001
PKCS #1: RSA Cryptography Standard, RSA Laboratories, Version 2.2, October 27, 2012
(http://www.rsa.com/rsalabs/node.asp?id=2125)
PKCS #3: Diffie-Hellman Key-Agreement Standard, An RSA Laboratories Technical Note,
Version 1.4, Revised November 1, 1993
Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation: The CMAC Mode for
Authentication, NIST Special Publication 800-38B, National Institute of Standards and
Technology, May 2005
Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 180-4 SECURE HASH STANDARD
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE/National Institute of Standards and Technology,
2011 February, 11
NIST SP 800-67, Recommandation for the Triple Data Encryption Algorithm (TDEA) Block
Cipher, National Institute of Standards and Technology
American National Standard X9.62-2005, Public Key Cryptography for the Financial Services
Industry, The Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA), November 16, 2005
American National Standard X9.63-2001, Public Key Cryptography for the Financial Services
Industry, Key Agreement and Key Transport Using Elliptic Curve Cryptography, November
16, 2005
Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) Brainpool Standard Curves and Curve Generation, RFC
5639, March 2010, http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5639
ANSI X9.62 Public Key Cryptography for the Financial Services Industry, The Elliptic Curve
Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA), 2005
Other Sources
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ISO 14443, Identification cards – Contactless integrated circuit(s) cards – Proximity cards,
2000
ISO 7498-2 (1989): ‘Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Basic
Reference Model - Part 2: Security Architecture’
Law Governing Framework Conditions for Electronic Signatures of 16 May 2001 (Federal
Law Gazette I page 876), last amended by Article 4 of the Act of 17 July 2009 (Federal Law
Gazette I page 2091)
Ordinance on Electronic Signature of 16 November 2001 (Federal Law Gazette I page 3074),
last amended by the Act of 15 November 2010 (Federal Law Gazette I page 2631)
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
page 153 of 153
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