Schulze Isl6 and 8
CHARGEURS SCHULZE
isl-6
Maintenant en version software V8
Chargeur rapide
Déchargeur
Capacimètre en charge
Capacimètre en décharge
Formateur d’accus
Pour les types d’accus suivant :
Accus NiCd a électrode frittée
Accus NiMh
Batteries au plomb (Gel ou acide)
**** Accus au lithium Polymère ****
Accus Lithium Ion
Accus Lithium manganèse (Tadiran)
HUBSCHER ELECTRONIC
9 rue Tarade
67000 STRASBOURG
Tel. : 03 88 41 12 42
Fax : 03 88 60 61 04
Mail : chubscher]hes-online.net
Web : http://www.hes-online.net
isl 6 – Le chargeur universel
Généralités :
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Charge tous les types d’accu sur les deux sorties ! (NiMh, NiCd, PB, LiPo, LiOn et LiMg)
Textes écran en Français, Allemand ou Anglais.
Notice d’utilisation en Français, Allemand ou Anglais.
Des programmes de charge ou de décharge manuels pour les accus Ni-Cd
Des programmes de charge ou de décharge automatiques pour les accus Ni-Cd
Des programmes combinés de charge/décharge ou décharge/charge automatiques pour l’entretien des accus Ni-Cd (suppression de
l’effet mémoire)
Maintenant des programmes automatiques innovants pour les accus Ni-MH !
Des programmes de charge et décharge pour les batteries au plomb (acide ou gel)
Des courant de charge élevés
Accepte un nombre d’éléments important
Décharge des accus possible
Si simple a utiliser qu’après peu de temps d’utilisation la notice n’est plus nécessaire
Possibilité de mise a jour des chargeurs !
Interface série RS232 pour liaison PC disponible en option a partir du Software V7.xx (installation a l’usine)
Démarrage automatique du programme choisi a la connexion de l’accu
Alimentation par batterie 12V ou alimentation stabilisée (a découpage) ATTENTION : Pas de protection contre les inversions !
Ecran LCD alphanumérique 1 ou 2 lignes de 16 caractères selon modèle
Les programmes de charge, de décharge peuvent maintenant être « appelés » a partir de l’écran de démarrage.
Le nouveau Software V8.xx gère la transmission des données par le port série.
Mise a jour du firmware par l’utilisateur possible pour les chargeurs a firmware V7.xx
Reconnaissance automatique du nombre d’éléments pour les programmes pour accus NiCd et NiMh
Mesure de l’énergie emmagasinée par l’accu en charge ou délivrée par l’accu en décharge
Pour les programmes automatiques, optimisation permanente du courant de charge
Protection des sorties contre les inversions de polarité
Surveillance de l’alimentation avec arrêt des programmes si le seuil de sécurité est atteint
Tolérances de mesure typiques : 5 % (10/15% pour le plus petit courant de charge)
Dissipateur thermique largement dimensionné
isl 6 veut dire : chargeur intelligent de 6e génération.
Le chargeur isl6, de par ses fonctionnalités, est un véritable caméléon. Vous avez dans un seul boîtier un chargeur / déchargeur
entièrement automatique. C’est grâce aux microprocesseurs que des programmes d’entretien et de mesure de capacité avec une
précision relativement élevée ont été rendus possible.
Malgré son universalité, la manipulation du chargeur reste enfantine.
Ne vous laissez pas effrayer par les nombreuses possibilités , les menus ont été conçus de façon logique.
Seulement deux touches sont nécessaires pour arriver a touts les menus et options .
Caractéristiques techniques sortie principale – accu 1 :
1-30 (36) éléments Ni-Cd – Charge automatique + programmes combinés = Programmes d’entretien !
1-30 (36) éléments Ni-MH - NOUVEAU: Charge automatique + programmes combinés = Programmes d’entretien !
1-19 (23) éléments au plomb (PB)
1-13 (16) éléments Li-MnO (accus Tadiran),
1-11 (13) éléments Li-Io,
1-11 (13) éléments Li-Po.
(Les valeurs entre parenthèse sont spécifiques aux chargeurs isl 6-636d, -636e, -636+)
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Charge a partir de 1 élément
Décharge a partir de 2 éléments Ni-Cd/Ni-MH (jusqu'à une tension résiduelle minimale de env. 1,3 V)
Capacité maximale délivrée par le chargeur programmable (coupure de sécurité).
Amélioration significative de la sortie accu 2 (a partir de V7.03).
La mesure de la tension en fin de charge pour les accus au plomb et a base de lithium, quand le courant est très faible, a été
améliorée de façon significative. Les accus sont donc mieux chargés.
Caractéristiques techniques sortie secondaire – accu 2 :
1-6 éléments Nickel Cadmium = 1,2 ... 7,2 V
1-6 éléments Nickel Métal Hydrure = 1,2 ... 7,2 V
1-4 éléments plomb = 2 ... 8 V,
1-3 éléments Lithium Manganèse (Tadiran) = 3,0 ... 9,0 V
1-3 éléments Lithium Ion = 3,6 ... 10,8 V
1-3 éléments Lithium Polymère = 3,6 ... 10,8 V (Programme identique aux accus Li-Ion).
Pour charger le nombre maximal d’éléments une tension d’alimentation de 13.8V est nécessaire (14.5V pour les lithium) !
Tableau de comparaison des caractéristiques techniques
Valeurs données pour une tension d’alimentation moyenne de 12,5V
1 - 30
1 - 11
1- 13
1- 19
0,1 - 4
100/250
5.0 / 5.0
155
125
2.7
5.0
5.0
4.5
3.5
2.9
2.5
1 - 30
1 – 11
1- 13
1- 19
0,1 - 4
100/250
6.0 / 6.0
200
175
2.7
5.3
6.0
6.0
4.8
4.0
3.5
1 - 36
1 – 13
1- 16
1 - 23
0,1 - 5
100/250
6.5 / 8.0
275
245
2.7
5.3
8.0
8.0
6.5
5.6
4.8
i8-936g
Accu 1
1 - 36
Evo en cours
Evo en cours
Non
0,1 - 6
100/250
8 / 10
310
280
3.1
5.7
10
9.0
7.5
6.4
5.6
3h / 4h
3h / 4h
3h / 4h
Réglable
Type chargeur
isl 6-330d isl 6-430d isl 6-530d isl 6-636+
Nbre d’éléments (@ 1.65V/E)
Nbre d’éléments LiPo - LiOn
Nbre d’éléments LiMg
Nbre d’éléments PB
Capacité in Ah (NiCd-NiMh)
Courant ch. min. en mA
Courant ch. max. man./auto
Puissance (@ 34V) env. W
Puissance (@ 50V) env. W
@ 6V (~4 éléments) ca. A
@ 9V (~6 éléments) ca. A
@ 11 - 26V (~8-16 Z.) ca. A
@ 34V (~20 éléments) ca. A
@ 40V (~24 éléments) ca. A
@ 45V (~27 éléments) ca. A
@ 50V (~30 éléments) ca. A
1 - 30
1 - 11
1 - 13
1- 19
0,1 - 4
100/250
5.5 / 5.5
130
105
2.1
4.0
5.5
3.7
2.9
2.4
2.0
3h
(Ni-Cd)
4h
(Ni-MH)
Sécurité de coupure env.
Accus au plomb: isl 6 = Accu 1, isl 8 = Accu 2:
Type chargeur
isl 6-330d
isl 6-430d
Tension
2...38 V
2...38 V
Capacité mini
1 Ah
1 Ah
Courant ch. de A à A
0.25-4
0.25-4
Courant de charge de maintien
Quelques mA Quelques mA
(Seulement pour Ni-Cd)
Etage de décharge (Linéaire) : Plomb et accus Ni-Cd
Type chargeur
isl 6-330d
Courant de décharge de-à mA
50-1000
Dissipation thermique max. W
10
isl 6-530d
2...38 V
1 Ah
0.25-4.5
isl 6-636+
2...42 V
1 Ah
0.25-5
i8-936g
Accu 2
1 - 27
Evo en cours
Evo en cours
1 - 20
0,1 - 5
100/250
5.0 / 5.0
115
95
1.7
3.0
5.0
5.0
3.3
2.4
-.Réglable
isl 8-936g
2, 6, 12, 24 V
1 Ah
0.25-5.5
Quelques mA Quelques mA Quelques mA
(pour isl 8-936g tension accu inférieure a 18V):
isl 6-430d
isl 6-530d
isl 6-636+
isl 8-936g
25-2000
25-2000
50-2000
50-2500
16
16
16
20
Accu 2 (Accu 3 pour le chargeur isl8-936g):
Pour la charge du nombre maximal d’éléments une tension d’alimentation de 13,8 V est nécessaire !
Type chargeur
isl 6-330d
isl 6-430d
isl 6-530d
isl 6-636+
isl 8-936g
Eléments Ni-Cd / Ni-MH
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-6
4-6
Eléments plomb
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-4
Elément lithium
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
Capacité en mAh env.
50
50
50
50
100
Courant de ch. en mA env.
100-330
100-500
100-500
100-500
100 - 1,5A
Coupure de sécurité en H env.
9
9
9
9
5
Divers :
Type chargeur
isl 6-330d
Poids env. en g
710
Ecran
1 ligne 16 car.
Dimensions (LxPxH) env. mm 142*146*33
Tension alimentation
11 – 15.2 V
Alarme tension alimentation
11.25 (10.5)V
Seuil coupure charge
10.75 (9.75)V
Courant absorbé maximum en A 15
Courant absorbé a vide
200mA
Fusible sur sortie accu 1
M8A
Ecran de grande taille pour isl6-636+
isl 6-430d
1100
2 lignes16 car.
207x151x68
11 – 15.2 V
11.25 (10.5)V
10.75 (9.75)V
17
200mA
M8A
isl 6-530d
1100
2 lignes16 car.
207x151x68
11 – 15.2 V
11.25 (10.5)V
10.75 (9.75)V
22
200mA
M 10 A
isl 6-636+
1300
2 lignes 16 car.
207x151x68
11 – 15.2 V
11.25 (10.5)V
10.75 (9.75)V
30
200mA
M 16 A
isl 8-936g
1350
Graphique
207x151x68
11 – 15.2 V
11.25 (10.5)V
10.75 (9.75)V
45
200mA
Sans
Mise a jour :
Les chargeurs isl 5 et isl 6 « anciens » (dont le firmware est inférieur à 7.03) nécessitent une modification hardware pour pouvoir
exploiter le firmware 7.03 ou supérieur. Pour cette raison tous les chargeurs ayant un ancien firmware doivent être retournés a l’usine
pour modification en cas de mise a jour !
Les chargeurs isl5 et isl6 dotés d’un firmware supérieur à 7.03 peuvent être mis a jour par simple remplacement de la mémoire.
Les chargeurs Graupner Ultra duo plus II référence 6404 peuvent également être mis a jour. Tous les chargeurs de ce type doivent
être retournés a l’usine pour modification en cas de mise a jour ! Après modification ces chargeurs seront des isl6-330d. Il est possible
d’acquérir la face avant du chargeur isl6-330d pour que la transformation de votre chargeur soit totale.
Les chargeur ultra duo (6400), ultra duo + (6402), ultra duo Profi (6406), et ultra duo Contest (6408) peuvent être mis a jour. Si vous
possédez un ce ces modèles, dont la version firmware est inférieure à 6.31, la mise a jour en V6.5x est dans tous les cas utile, du fait
de l’amélioration des algorithmes des programmes charge. La notice d’utilisation de ces chargeurs est identique à celle des isl6 V6.xx.
ATTENTION : Les programmes automatiques des chargeurs ultra duo et isl6 a firmware V6.xx ne peuvent en aucun cas servir a
l’entretien des accus NiMh.
L’ultra duo + 30 n’étant pas un chargeur Schulze, nous ne pouvons en assurer ni la maintenance, ni la mise a jour !
LES TARIFS (novembre 2003)
Mise a jour simple du firmware :
30.00 € TTC* Franco pour les chargeurs a version égale ou supérieure à 7.xx
50.00 € TTC* Franco pour les chargeurs a version inférieure à 7.xx
La face avant des chargeurs ultra duo + II peut être remplacée par une face avant d’isl6-330 moyennant un surcoût de 15.00 € TTC
Mise a jour incluant la liaison PC** :
89.00 € TTC* Franco pour les chargeurs a version inférieure à 7.xx
69.00 € TTC* Franco pour les chargeurs a version égale ou supérieure à 7.xx
Cette mise a jour comprend l’interface RS 232, son montage, un câble de liaison avec connecteur sub-d 9 contacts et le logiciel
winsoft.
* Aux sommes citées ci-dessus s’ajoute 15.00 € TTC de frais de transport.
** Pour des raisons techniques le chargeur Graupner Ultra duo plus II ne peut pas être doté de l’interface PC.
Chargeurs neufs :
Isl6-330d
Isl6-330d-RS
Isl6-430d
Isl6-430d-RS
Isl6-530d
Isl6-530d-RS
Isl6-636+
Isl6-636+RS
Isl8 (écran graphique)
185,00 € TTC
236,00 € TTC
277,00 € TTC
328,00 € TTC
318,00 € TTC
370,00 € TTC
422,00 € TTC
473,00 € TTC
850,00 € TTC
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
1
Contents
Chapter
Subject
1
Warnings
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
How to obtain reliable, trouble-free operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Commonly used terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Useful information about batteries and maintenance (reflex-charging, memory-effect, characteristics)
4
5
Fitting the CE tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
Connecting the charger, selecting the program
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Overview Akku 1 and Akku 2 (battery 1 and 2) socket programs . . . . . . . . . . .
8.1 Akku 1 socket: charging-balancing-measuring-discharging Ni-Cd batteries . . . . . . . . .
8.1.1
I=xxx
Charging with manual charge current selection . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.1.2
Auto-C
Charging with fully automatic current selection . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.1.3
Auto-DC,3DC Pack balancing, fully automatic discharge/charge cycle . . . . . . . . .
8.1.4
Auto-DC
Pack measuring, fully automatic charge/discharge cycle . . . . . . . . .
8.1.5
Auto-D
Discharging, fully automatic current selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.1.6
I-xxx
Discharging, manual current selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2 Akku 1 socket: charging-discharging-measuring lead/acid batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2.1
PB-D, PB-d Discharging lead/acid batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2.2
PB C, PB c
Charging lead/acid batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3 Akku 2 socket:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3.1
NiCd
Charging nickel cadmium batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3.2
NiMH
Charging nickel metal hydrid batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3.3
Lead
Charging lead/acid and sealed/lead batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3.4
LiMn
Charging lithium manganoxid batteries (Tadiran cells) . . . . . . . . . .
8.3.5
LiIo
Charging lithium ion batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Modifying charger characteristics (summary) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.1.1 Using the charger with an external car battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.1.2 Using the charger with the 230 V mains supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2
Setting the type of cell, cell count and charge current for the Akku 2 socket . . . . . . . .
9.3.1 Setting the program type after a power on reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.3.2 Setting the automatic charge termination process (e.g. for Ni-MH batteries) . . . . . . .
9.3.3 Setting the switch output to drive a fan or to indicate battery full . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.3.4 Setting the melody module to indicate battery full . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
Legal matters
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Specification, technical features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
RS232 interface pinout and data convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Error messages and their causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Trouble-shooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
Service questionnaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page
2
3
4
4
6
6
8
9-14
9
10
11
12
13
14
15-16
15
16
17-21
17
18
19
20
21
22-26
23
23
24
25
25
26
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
2
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
1 Warnings
Injury hazard! Beware of sharp-edged parts
(heat-sink, terminal clips) when handling the
charger.
The CE symbol does not entitle you to be careless when using or handling the charger, the
power supply and the batteries.
Before you connect the charger to a 12 V car
battery ensure that the vehicle's engine is
stopped. The charger may only be operated
with the vehicle stationary and the engine
stopped.
The charger must be used with the original cables in unmodified form. The only permissible change is to use 4 mm gold-contact connectors. Never use wander plugs!
Avoid short-circuiting the charge outputs to the
car bodywork, as the isl 6 is not protected
against this. In the interests of safety always
place the charger on the ground.
The charge leads and/or charge outputs must
not be inter-connected or short-circuited in
any way, as the result would be damage to
the charger and/or the battery. To avoid
shorts between the banana plugs on the
charge lead please be sure to connect the
charge cable to the charger first, and only
then to the battery to be charged. Reverse
the sequence when disconnecting. We recommend our safety charge lead which features no exposed banana plug contacts, as
they are protected by a spring-loaded insulating sleeve.
To meet the CE standards the length of the
charge leads must not exceed 20 cm.
There is always a danger of explosion when
handling rapid-charge Ni-Cd batteries. To
avoid problems never leave the charger unsupervised whilst rapid-charging is in
progress.
Before using the charger place the unit and the
batteries to be charged on a non-flammable,
heat-resistant and electrically non-conductive surface.
Keep inflammable objects and volatile materials
well away from the charging station.
When you wish to charge batteries, remove
them from the model or electrical device.
When charging transmitter batteries it is essential to keep within the maximum charge current permitted for the transmitter circuit
board by setting the charge current manually (0.5 - 2 A, see manufacturer's specification).
If you set the charger's automatic charge termination to "sensitive+delayed", note that topping-up full cells makes them very hot.
Never connect the isl 6 to a car battery which is
simultaneously being charged by a car battery charger.
Protect the isl 6 from damp, water, shock and
pressure.
The unit must not be used if it exhibits any fault
or is displaying an error message.
Charging fewer than 4 cells at output 1: the
special 16-bit A/D converter is outstanding
accurate, but we cannot guarantee that the
charger will work correctly in this situation.
The charge termination may occur too early,
too late, not at all, or even perfectly correctly, and the charge current will not approach
the maximum rate. The reason for this is
that the "kink" in the voltage curve of highcapacity cells is very slight.
The following types of battery / pack / cell must
not be connected to the charger:
- packs consisting of different types of cell
- mixtures of old and new cells, or cells of
different make
- non-rechargeable batteries (dry cells)
- batteries which are not expressly stated by
the manufacturer to be suitable for the high
charge currents which this charger can supply.
- individual faulty or damaged cells
- batteries which are already fully charged or
hot
- batteries fitted with integral charge devices
or charge termination circuits
- batteries which are installed in a device, or
are also connected electrically to other components.
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
2 How to obtain reliable, trouble-free operation
It is essential to protect the charger from direct
sunshine, dust, damp and rain. If the unit
gets wet, dry it out thoroughly and have it
checked and cleaned before re-use.
The openings in the case must never be covered or sealed.
The unit produces considerable heat in use. Allow excess heat to dissipate, and let the
charger cool down after each rapid-charge
process.
Check the unit regularly for damage to the case
and screen, and poor contact between cables and connectors.
Keep the charge cables as short as possible.
Cables longer than 20 cm cannot be used if
you wish to conform to CE regulations. The
internal battery wiring must also be as short
as possible. Cable cross-section should be
2.5mm2 (even for a receiver battery!).
The charge cable should be fitted with highquality gold-contact connectors at both
ends, and fittted with one of the ferrite tubes
(CE tubes) supplied. The tubes are required
to satisfy CE requirements (see Chapter 3).
Twist charge leads together to minimise interference radiation.
Take care not to break the ferrite core in the
power supply cable, as it prevents the cable
acting as an aerial and radiating converter
and processor pulse frequency signals.
The information and charging currents stated
by the battery manufacturer must be observed at all times. Charge up only such
batteries which are expressly stated to be
suitable for high charge currents.
Using the charger with a stabilised mains power
supply unit (PSU) is possible in theory, but
in fact cannot be generally recommended.
The high charge power of the unit, inadequate output capacitance, residual voltage
and other factors relating to the PSU may
cause long-term and even terminal damage
to the charger and/or the power supply.
3
If you insist on using the unit in this way you will
have to carry out your own tests and checks
to ensure that your combination of charger power supply works correctly.
In general terms we have to say that none
of the laboratory mains PSUs currently
available is suitable for use with the isl 6
without modification.
Many transmitters are fitted with a protective diode which has to be by-passed if the battery
is to be rapid-charged. Read your RC system
instructions before you attempt to do this.
Make it part of your standard procedure to
check that the charge quantity indicated
by the charger corresponds to the expected charge quantity when the unit has
switched off after detecting the "battery
full" condition. This is the only reliable
means of recognising when the charger
has terminated the charge prematurely.
The most likely reason for premature
charge termination is a deep-discharged
pack and/or a pack with few cells (carry
out test charges), or a particular type of
cell. Caution: this can result in a crash if
you fly a model with a part-charged battery.
The sequence of letters "a", "b"... to indicate the
probability of a full battery does not always
prove that a pack is fully charged. Often the
sequence of letters will appear at the start of
the charge if the cells are deep-discharged.
Individual cells to be charged must be soldered
together, otherwise the fully automatic programs may not work properly. Do not use
battery boxes with spring contacts.
The isl 6 only sets the charge current calculated for a particular pack if that current does
not cause any of the charger's parameters
to be exceeded.
Good results are obtained with Ni-MH batteries
if you use manual charge current setting
and set a current of no more than 1C.
If a pack is completely flat (approx. <1V) the
charger may take about 10 minutes to determine the correct number of cells.
If the voltage at output 2 is <0.5V the charger
assumes thatthe pack is connected with reverse polarity.
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4
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
3 Commonly used terms
Final charge voltage: the voltage at which the battery's charge limit (capacity limit) is reached. The
charge process switches from a high current to a
low maintenance rate (trickle charge) at this point.
From this point on further high current charging
would cause overheating and eventual terminal
damage to the pack.
Final discharge voltage: the voltage at which the
battery's discharge limit is reached. The chemical
composition of the batteries determines the level of
this voltage. Below this voltage the battery enters
the deep discharge zone. Individual cells within the
pack may become reverse-polarised in this condition, and this can cause permanent damage.
Memory effect: A genuine memory effect has been
recorded by Nasa, caused by repeated charge /
discharge cycles. Nasa has found that full capacity
can be regained by overcharging the cells. In modelling applications different effects are responsible
for the reduction in cell capacity. The problem can
be cured by balancing the cells (see below), and
prevented by the measures described in Chapter 4.1.3.
Balancing: a method of regaining full (nominal) capacity by alternately charging and discharging the
pack, sometimes several times. This process is
especially useful after a long period of non-usage
(e.g. after purchase, or after several weeks without
flying), and is also used to disperse the memory effect (see below). The effect of balancing is to break
down the coarse crystaline structure (low capacity)
inside the cell and convert it into a fine crystaline
one (high capacity).
Power-On (- reset): the status of the isl 6 after it
has been connected to the car battery.
Ready message: charger ready to run the program
you have just selected (batteries not connected).
C: Coulomb or capacity: Unit of measurement relating to the quantity of charged energy. In conjunction with charge current data this unit is used to determine the recommended / prescribed charge current of a battery of a given capacity. Example: if the
charge current or discharge current of a 500 mAh
battery is 50 mA, we refer to this as a charge or
discharge at one tenth C (C/10 or 1/10 C).
A, mA: unit of measurement relating to charge or
dis-charge current. 1000 mA = 1 A (A=Ampere,
mA=Milliampere)
Ah, mAh: unit of measurement for the capacity of a
battery (Amperes x time unit; h = hour). If a pack is
charged for one hour at a current of 2 A, it has
been fed 2 Ah of energy. It receives the same
quantity of charge (2 Ah) if it is charged for 4 hours
at 0.5 A, or 15 minutes (=1/4 h) at 8 A.
4 Useful information about
batteries and maintenance
4.1.1 General information:
Do not store or charge below 0°C, optimum is 10...30°C.
A cold cell is not capable of accepting as much current as a
warm one. For this reason you must expect differences in
charge characteristics if you use fully automatic charge current
calculation (in Winter the charging properties will be worse
than in Summer).
The lower the internal resistance of the battery, the higher the
charger can increase the charge current for that battery. For a
battery charger which sets the current automatically the
resistance of the cable is added to the internal resistance.
For this reason: use heavy cable (large cross-section), even
for receiver batteries, and keep them short. Do not charge
via a switch or switch harness!
If you wish to measure battery capacity accurately a suitable discharge current is usually 1/10 C.
4.1.2 Reflex charging:
Charging processes which include a brief discharge pulse definitely have the effect that the battery is several degrees cooler
at the end of the process. However, from the point of view of
the competition operator this is an undesirable effect, as the
cell chemistry can only supply high currents if its temperature
is raised to a certain extent.
All these effects, whether they actually occur or are simply
hear-say, have no practical significance if batteries are
correctly handled in the first place. When a battery is full,
you can’t fill it any fuller!
4.1.3 Memory effect of Ni-Cd and Ni-MH cells:
If cells are repeatedly stored partially discharged, or are
recharged from a half-discharged state, what is known as the
memory effect sets in. The cells note that their full capacity is
not required, and react by refusing to make it available.
One aspect of this is that the crystalline chemical structure
inside the cell changes; the cell‘s resistance rises and its
voltage collapses under load, with the result that “full capacity”
can no longer be exploited at normal discharge currents.
Even if reflex charging were to eliminate the memory effect, there
is no denying the necessity to store your cells in the discharged state; this applies to Ni-Cd cells and also, to some
extent, to Ni-MH* cells.
Otherwise, a characteristic feature of these cells is that they
self-discharge - and the rate of discharge is different for each
individual cell in a battery pack!
If a fully charged pack is left for a considerable time, it will
eventually consist of cells of widely varying states of charge.
If at this point you ...
a) ... give the pack a full charge: the cell with the most charge
will be overcharged, heat up and be ruined, while the cell with
the least charge will still not be full after the same period of
charging.
b) ... discharge the pack: the cell with the least charge will be
completely flat first, then reverse polarity and often suffer an
internal short-circuit. At the point when this happens, the cell
with the most charge is still not yet completely discharged.
This is a reliable method of wrecking your most valuable
packs - and rest assured that reflex charging will make
absolutely no difference. However, there is one method of
avoiding the problem: discharge cells after use, and recharge them just before use!
[*] about Ni-MH cells: see Section 4.3
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4.2 Nickel-Cadmium batteries (NiCd):
Nominal voltage level: 1.2 V / cells.
Selecting the fast charge current (manual setting):
Charge current = 2 C (C = nominal battery capacity)
Maximum continous discharge current:
Currents of 10 C to 30 C are possible, depending on cell type.
Maintenance of the Nickel-Cadmium batteries (Ni-Cd):
If a battery is brand-new or used irregularly it is often only
possible to balance it completely by carrying out several
discharge - charge cycles (use auto-d program).
The automatic current setting circuitry (patent applied for) provides optimum protection to your Ni-Cd batteries during charging. The reduced current towards the end of the charge ensures a completely full pack combined with only a slight temperature rise, as you will easily see in comparison with conventional constant current techniques.
Do not use automatic charge current calculation when charging Ni-MH batteries!
Amongst model car operators it is standard practice to erase any
memory effect by completely discharging each cell individually
via a resistor (approx. 68 Ohm).
This deliberately ”unbalances” the pack, but it can cause the
automatic charge termination circuitry to switch off the current
prematurely during the charge process.
For receiver batteries special types such as the Sanyo N-350AAC (the C is the key!) are a good choice.
Warning: The reduced charge current with 1-6 cells makes the
voltage peak in the charge curve very slight, especially with
batteries of high nominal capacity. In this situation the charger
is sometimes unable to detect the ”full” condition due to the illdefined peak.
4.3 Nickel-Metal-Hydride batteries (NiMH):
Voltage level: 1.2 V / cell.
Selecting the fast charge current (no automatic program!):
Charge current typical 1 C (set a fixed current of, for example,
1 A with 1100 mAh batteries, or 3 A with 3 Ah cells). Some
modern high-current Ni-MH cells made by particular
manufacturers can safely be charged at a higher rate of up to
1.6 C (This applies to:Panasonic 3000: 3.5...4A, Powers 3000:
3 A, Saft 3000: 3 A (not if battery is charged inside a
transmitter!), Sanyo 3000: 4...5A).
Maximum continous discharge current:
Currents of 5 C to 15 C are possible, depending on cell type.
Typically for Sanyo Twicell and RC3000H cells:
In our experience these cells can be treated in a similar way to
Ni-Cd cells, i.e. they can safely be stored in the discharged
state (use auto-d program). It is also possible to set the
charger’s termination sensitivity to the same level as Ni-Cd
cells (i.e. normal sensitivity); this eliminates the danger of
premature charge termination.
High maximum load capacity and voltage level.
Typically for Panasonic P3000NIMH cells:
These cells should never be stored completely discharged, i. e.
use the auto -e program, not a bulb or resistors - even for 2 or
3 days. For storage of more than 1 week: first discharge the
pack , then charge about 10% of its capacity back into it.
It is important that you take the trouble to give these cells a
charge / discharge cycle around every four weeks, otherwise
they become tired, and have to be pampered to restore them
to full vigour. This involves going through the tiresome
business of many repeated charge / discharge cycles. Of
course, you should also give the cells one or more charge /
discharge cycles before using them ”in anger”, as this
refreshes the cell chemistry.
High capacity and voltage level.
5
Typical for Powers / GP GT3000R cells:
Extremely high capacity, good voltage level.
Other characteristics not yet determined in detail.
4.3 Lead-acid batteries (Pb):
Nominal voltage level: 2.0 V / cell.
Selecting the fast charge current (pre-set for battery 2):
Charge current = 1 C (C = nominal battery capacity)
Maximum continous discharge current:
Typically 0,2 C, short time load up to 1 C.
Maintenance: In contrast to Ni-Cd/Ni-MH batteries, lead-acid
batteries must be fully recharged after use in order to maintain
full capacity.
The nominal capacity can be reduced very quickly by incorrect
handling (overloading, repeated 100% discharges, and
especially deep-discharges). Please observe the battery
manufacturer’s recommendations.
Typical: The characteristics of lead-acid batteries are quite different to those of the Ni-Cd sintered cell packs which are used
as the power source in model aircraft, cars and hydro-boats.
They can only tolerate relatively low currents relative to their
capacity if their full capacity is to be exploited, and/or the
voltage is not to collapse too far.
Used as single-cell glowplug energiser batteries and power
source in some scale boats.
Very low self-discharge rate.
Hint: When charging lead-acid batteries on Battery 1 output note
that the isl 6 can only detect the correct number of cells and
set the correct current if the battery is intact and slightly
charged.
4.5 Lithium-Manganese-Oxide batteries: (LiMnO):
Nominal voltage level: 3.0 V / cell.
Selecting the fast charge current (pre-set for battery 2):
We recommend currents up to 0.35 C, depending on the cell type.
Maximum continous discharge current:
We recommend currents up to 1.5 C.
Maintenance: Always store these cells in the charged state.
Typical: These cells are particularly recommended as receiver
batteries (2 cells required), although correct charging and
storage are very important. However, we do not recommend
them as slow-fly flight packs (3 cells), since they have a limited
ability to supply high currents, and their useful life varies
greatly according to the discharge current and the extent to
which they are discharged.
Very good weight : energy ratio.
Tip: Ideally all single cells in a pack should be charged
separately; alternatively charge all cells in parallel.
isl 6 uses a modified lead-acid charging program.
The most common form of this cell type is the „Tadiran“ cell.
4.6 Lithium-Ion batteries (LiIon):
Nominal voltage level: 3.7 V / cell.
Selecting the fast charge current (pre-set for battery 2):
Charge current = 1 C or less (C = nominal battery capacity).
Maximum continous discharge current:
Up to 4 C, depending on cell type.
Maintenance: Always store these cells in the discharged state
(use auto-d program), if stored fully charged, the result can be
a permanent reduction in capacity.
Typical: They are very popular as power supplies for sail
winches (2 cells).
Their limited ability to supply high currents means that they are
only suitable as flight packs for slow-fly models (2-3 cells), but
they are popular for that application.
Very good weight : energy ratio.
isl 6 uses a modified lead-acid charging program.
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isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
5 Fitting the CE tube
Requirements:
- The charge cable cross-section should be 2.5
mm2.
- One wire should be coloured red (positive terminal +), the other black (negative -).
- To meet CE requirements the charge lead
should be no longer than 20 cm (minus the
length of cable attached to the battery!).
1. Solder a banana plug to each wire. To avoid
short-circuits we recommend the use of safety
banana plugs fitted with a sliding insulator.
2. Wrap one of the cable ties (supplied) round
the two wires about 4 cm from the banana
plugs to hold the wires together.
3. Slip the EMF tube onto the free end of the
charge lead.
4. Wrap a second cable tie round the two wires
immediately adjacent to the tube (see illustration).
Cable tie
6 Connecting the charger,
selecting the program
Please read Chapter 1, "Warnings" and
Chapter 2 "How to obtain reliable and
trouble-free operation", as they contain
important information which you must
know before you connect and use the
charger.
6.1
Before you connect the charger
Remove the isl 6 from its carton for charging to
ensure adequate air circulation.
Do not yet connect the unit to the battery or batteries to be charged.
Ensure that the power supply (12V car battery,
mains PSU) is stable and is not producing or
suffering from problems.
Ensure that the connections between the power
supply and the terminal clamps of the isl 6 are
making perfect contact. This is the reason why
we cannot recommend wander plugs and car cigar lighter connectors.
6.2
Switch on the power supply
If you are connecting the unit to a car battery installed in a car:
- Switch off the car engine.
If you are using a suitable mains PSU:
- Switch on the mains PSU first.
6.3
5. Twist the wires together and/or fit heat-shrink
tubing to keep them tidy.
6. Now solder the battery connector to the free
ends of the charge lead. Don't forget to fit the
pieces of heat-shrink sleeve required to insulate the soldered joints.
A ready-made charge cable fitted with safety banana plugs and the CE tube is available from us
under CE-kab-i6 (see illustration).
Connect the isl 6 to the power supply
Connect the terminal clamps to the power supply contacts quickly and confidently, taking care
to maintain correct polarity.
Once connected correctly the charger's screen
shows the following "ready" message:
(1) "(c)
(2) "isl
schulze gmbh" and
6-636+ V7.10"
i. e. the manufacturers name is displayed in the
first line, the second line shows the device type
and version number of the software.
On isl 6-330d, which includes a one line display
only, the second line is displayed after a short
wait time.
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If none of these messages appears:
Immediately disconnect the terminal clamps, as
damage may result from an undefined machine
state. Wait 5 seconds, repeat Step 6.3.
After that, display shows the selected cut off
sensitivity for "battery 1" output (Akku 1):
(1)
(2)
(2)
(2)
"B1 cutoff mode "
"normal
"
"sensitive
"
"sensitiv+delayed"
and
or
or
(1)
(2)
(2)
"B1 ready auto. c"
"B2 4NiCd.3A 0mAh"
"B2 4NiCd.3A 13.8"
and
(isl 6-330d)
other isl-s.
On isl 6-330d, which includes a one line display
only, the cursor is located completely left and
shows "ready" of battery 2. Pressing both buttons at the same time, the "second line" (2) of
the display is showed.
Instead of the car battery voltage (two line display) the charged capacity of battery 2 is displayed - which is 0 mAh after power on.
6.4
Displaying the currently set program
at the Akku 1 output
Press the "+" or "-" button briefly (beep):
The screen shows a status message for the currently set program (e.g. "fullautomatic C"
for fully automatic charging).
After about two seconds the "Ready" message
appears as already described.
The current program after connecting the power
supply is the one which was either last active
(before you disconnected) or the fully automatic
charge program ("FAUTO"), depending on the
machine configuration: Chapter 9.
6.5
nected (exception: charging less than 4 cells)!
Any program can be selected by pressing the +
or - button repeatedly or holding it pressed in.
The programs are grouped as described below
in section 7.
A changing of battery 2 output programs is only
practicable while connecting isl 6 to the car battery (see sectionl 9.2).
6.6
Finally the charger's screen shows the "ready"
message, which can be different depending on
the chosen program. "13.8" is the car battery
voltage in volts.
Selecting your chosen charge or
dis-charge program for Akku 1
Selecting a program usually requires that no
battery is connected to Output 1.
To avoid selecting unexpected programs
change programs only with the battery discon-
7
Connecting the battery after selecting
the program
After choosing the program (see program descriptions in Chapter 7 and 8) connect the battery with correct polarity.
A short tone confirms the start of the program.
The display shows alternating in 1 sec. interval:
(charge-)time, battery voltage, carbatt.voltage
(isl 6-330d)
resp.
(Lade-)Zeit, Akkuspannung, Autobatt.spannung
"00:01 5.63V 13.8" other isl-s
and
(charge-)quantity, batt.voltage, (charge-)current.
"00:01 5.63V 13.8"
"01mAh 5.63V0.30A"
Charging battery 2 only on the isl 6-330d, the
charging data are not displayed as a cursor but
in the same way as showing battery 1 data. For
differentiation from battery 1 display 1...2 black
rectangular fields are shown in the line.
6.7
Displaying the charge/discharge quantities of e. g. combination programs
Hold both buttons (+ and -) pressed for a short
time and release it.
dc programs shows all discharge quantities
(capacity) in line one. In line two all charge
quantities are displayed.
cd programms shows it in reverse order (charge
capacity in line 1).
(1)
(2)
"-99mAh68mAh,...,"
"+.12Ah,...,,...,"
The example shows the 3dc program. A fully
charged 110 mAh battery was connected and
was one time fully discharged (-99mAh) and one
time fully charged (0.12Ah=120mAh). Now it is
in the third phase - with a currently discharged
quantity of 68mAh.
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isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
7 Overview Akku/battery 1 and Akku/battery 2 socket programs
7.1 Akku 1/ battery 1 socket programs
Type of program
Hint
Usage
Group 1
Lead/acid charging programs
Pb C
Pb c
Lead/acid charging
Lead/acid charging
Group2
Lead/acid discharging programs
Pb-d
Pb-D
Lead/acid discharging
Lead/acid discharging
Group 3
Fixed current discharging programs
d-50mA
...
d-0,2A
...
d-1,0A
Ni-..
or
Ni-..
Ni-..
Ni-..
Group 4
Combination programs, Ni-Cd only
auto -d
auto cd
auto3dc
auto-dc
auto c
Ni-Cd/Li-Io discharging
Ni-Cd charge/discharging
Ni-Cd discharing/charging, 3 times
Ni-Cd discharing/charging
Ni-Cd charging, standard-programm
Group 5
Fixed current discharging programs
I=D.1A
Ni-.. charging
no time limit
Ni-.. charging
Ni-.. charging
Ni-.. charging
I=.25A
I=0.3A
I=0.3A
...
I=3.0A
I=3.0A
...
I=5.5A
I=6.0A
discharging
discharging
discharging
discharging
high current
low current
Fast charge-/Refresh charge
for batteries with few capacity
max. 200mA
high current
precise capacity measurement
for batteries with high capacity
precise cap. measurement .. .. for 500mAh Akkus (I=1/10C)
normal discharge ...
... for 50mAh Akkus (I=1C)
fast discharge ...
... for 50mAh Akkus (I=4C)
measuring the last bits...
e.g. for receiver battery with
...of energy (capacity)
real currents
discharging thoroughly for storage
battery capacity test
formatting new batteries, maintenance and...
...deleting memory effect
optimized charging, 2.5mm2 charging leads essential
I=0,4A pulsed =0,1A averaged
no cut off
no time limit...
current I = 2*C...
current I = 1*C...
duration charge program,
long duration formatting
...but peak voltage cut off active
...for 110-150 mAh Ni-Cd batt.
...for 300 mAh Ni-MH batteries
Ni-.. charging
I = 1 C ... 1,5 C...
...for Ni-MH battery with 3 Ah,
Ni-.. charging
I = 2 C ... 3 C...
...for Ni-Cd batteries with 1...1,5 Ah
common charging of elder batteries, when automatic current calculation does not...
...calculate normal currents. batteries are used-up.
Ni-Cd charging
charge current setting for cells which stand highest currents
isl 6-636+ only
charge current setting for cells which stand highest currents
7.2 Akku 2/ battery 2 socket programs
1) Charging of 1 - 6* Nickel Cadmium batteries
2) Charging of 1 - 6* Nickel Metallhydrid batteries
3) Charging of 1 - 4* Lead/Acid or Lead/Gel batt.
4) Charging of 1 - 3* Lithium Mangan Oxid batt.
5) Charging of 1 - 3* Lithium Ion batteries
1,2 - 7,2 V
1,2 - 7,2 V
2,0 - 8,0 V
3,0 - 9,0 V
3,7-11,1 V
Currents: 100, 200, 332, 500** mA
Currents: 100, 200, 332, 500** mA
Currents: 100, 200, 332, 500** mA
Currents: 100, 200, 332, 500** mA
Currents: 100, 200, 332, 500** mA
[*] maximum cell count with a supply voltage of 13,8 V only, available on soft- & hardware from V 7.03
[**] 500 mA not available on isl 6-330d
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8.1.1 Battery output 1, Ni-Cd / Ni-MH charge program(s) fixed c
with manual charge current selection (I=x.xx)
Purpose
If you know the permissible charge currents for your batteries, you can use a matching
charge program with a fixed defined current. The current can be used for balance-charging,
standard and rapid charging (low, medium and high currents) with the charge periods calculated according to the state of charge of the battery.
Manual current selection (no more than 1C) and "sensitive" automatic charge termination
are the preferred method if you are using Ni-MH batteries, and also if you have to use thin
charge cables and small numbers of cells.
Cell type / No.
Ni-Cd, Ni-MH, 1-30 cells (-330d ... -530d), 1-36 cells (-636+ and -636e).
Description
The selected program starts charging immediately using the current you have selected.
This current is maintained until the charger detects "battery full". The charge rate is only reduced if the selected current threatens to overheat / overload the charger as voltage rises.
Selectable currents: 0.1, 0.25, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.5, ... in 0.5A increments
Maximum currents: -330d = 5.5 A, -430d = 5.0 A, -530d = 6.0 A, -636_= 6.5 A
Special features - charging 1-3 Ni-Cd cells: to suppress low-voltage messages first select the D.1A program and then connect the battery. Now set your chosen program using the + and - buttons. See also the warnings relating to this in Chapters 1 and 2.
- a charge lasting longer than 3 hours without any "full" detection halts the charge
process without showing the charge period except in the following programs:
- C.1A and 0.25A programs have no time limit
- C.1A program (= 0.1A continuous charge): no automatic charge termination
- C.1A program uses pulsed current (pulse - pause ratio 1 : 3)
Settings
- Call up the Power-On reset program you wish to use (see Chapter 9.3.1)
for Power-On
- Sensitivity of the automatic charge termination (see Chapter 9.3.2)
Program
1. Disconnect any battery from Output 1.
selection
2. Press the "+" or "-" button repeatedly or constantly to select the program you wish to use
(I=x.xA, x.x = time statement).
- Display while button is pressed: "Ch. current I=x.xA"
3. Release the button. The charge program on the screen is now selected.
If you change to a discharge program (without disconnecting the battery - if 1. is ignored),
the screen will show the resultant charge quantity from the charge previously fed in and removed, first as a positive and then as a negative value.
Connect battery 4. Now connect the battery to be charged to the Akku 1 output, maintaining correct polarity.
The unit beeps to indicate the start of the charging process.
Displays while charging
Line1
- Current charge time, current charge voltage, current charge current
alternating with:
Current charge quantity, voltage, current/car battery voltage (on isl 6-330d)
- Probability of full charge by series of letters "a" -> "b"... (buttons inactive)
- "!": measuring for charge current and automatic charge termination (buttons inactive)
- "*": charge current automatically reduced to guard against overheating
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: charge capacity
(see chapter 6.7)
Displays after program end
Line1
- Total charge time,
final charge voltage, "full" e.g.
"38:47 31.8V full"
alternating with:
- Total charged capacity, final charge voltage, "full" e.g.
"2.6Ah 31.8V full"
- "battery full" display by: brief buzz, LCD shows inverted "f"
- Inverted "t": short pulses of current, widely spaced, to maintain charged state
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current program; after release: charged capacity
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isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
8.1.2 Battery output 1, Ni-Cd charge program auto c
with automatic charge current selection
Purpose
In most cases the "Auto C" fully automatic charge program is the right choice, as it provides optimum rapid-charging of batteries, charging fully but gently. Within the permissible capacity range of
100 mAh to 4 Ah you do not need to have accurate knowledge about the type of Ni-Cd sintered cell
you are using. The only pre-condit-ions are: adequate cross-section of the charge cable (2.5 mm2),
high-quality connectors and a pack consisting of soldered cells.
Cell type / No.
Ni-Cd, 1-30 cells (-330d ... -530d), 1-36 cells (-636+ und -636e).
Description
The isl 6 automatically calculates the charge current most appropriate to the battery to be charged.
It does this by measuring the battery continuously, and adjusting the charge current repeatedly to
match the pack's ability to absorb charge and/or to the maximum capacity of the isl 6. Initially the
charge rate is 300 mA for a brief period, then the current rises before falling again towards the end
of the charge process. The program continues charging until it detects "battery full". It then switches
to a maintenance (trickle) charge.
- The calculated charge current is reduced if there is any danger of the charger overheating or being
overloaded.
- Maximum current: -330d = 5.5 A, -430d = 5.0 A, -530d = 6.0 A, -636_= 8.0 A
Special features
- charging 1-3 Ni-Cd cells: to suppress low-voltage messages first select the D.1A program and
then connect the battery. Now set your chosen program using the + and - buttons. See also the
warnings relating to this in Chapters 1 and 2.
- A charge lasting longer than 3 hours without any "full" detection halts the charge process without
showing the charge period.
Settings
for Power-On
- Call up the Power-On reset program you wish to use (see Chapter 9.3.1)
- Sensitivity of the automatic charge termination (see Chapter 9.3.2)
Program
selection
1. Disconnect any battery from Output 1.
2. Press the "+" or "-" button repeatedly or constantly to select program (auto c).
- Display while the button is pressed: "fullautomatic. c".
3. Release the button. The fully aiutomatic charge program on the screen is now selected.
If you change to a discharge program (without disconnecting the battery - if 1. is ignored), the screen
will show the resultant charge quantity from the charge previously fed in and removed, first as a positive and then as a negative value.
Connect battery
4. Now connect the battery to be charged to the Akku 1 output, maintaining correct polarity. The unit
beeps to indicate the start of the charging process.
Displays while charging
Line1
- Current charge time, current charge voltage, current charge current
alternating with:
Current charge quantity, voltage, current/car battery voltage (on isl 6-330d)
- Probability of full charge by series of letters "a" -> "b"... (buttons inactive)
- "!": measuring for charge current and automatic charge termination (buttons inactive)
- "*": charge current automatically reduced to guard against overheating
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: charge capacity
(see chapter 6.7)
Displays after program end
Line1
- Total charge time,
final charge voltage, "full" e.g.
"38:47 31.8V full"
alternating with:
- Total charged capacity, final charge voltage, "full" e.g.
"2.6Ah 31.8V full"
- "battery full" display by: brief buzz, LCD shows inverted "f"
- Inverted "t": short pulses of current, widely spaced, to maintain charged state
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current program; after release: charged capacity
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8.1.3 Battery output 1, Ni-Cd maintenance programs auto-dc and auto3dc
(not isl 6-636e) with automatic discharge and charge current selection
Purpose
The two battery maintenance programs (1DC, 3DC) balance the state of your batteries in order to
erase any existing memory effect. In particular, batteries which are only slightly discharged in use
(e.g. transmitter and receiver packs) need to be dis-charged completely and recharged at regular intervals. Irregularly maintained and brand-new batteries often need this procedure to be carried out
three times in a row.
Cell type / No.
Ni-Cd, 1-30 cells (-330d ... -530d), 1-36 cells (-636+).
Description
Using the auto-d program the battery is discharged down to the final discharge voltage and then recharged using the auto-c program (three times if you select the auto3dc program). The program
charges until the charger detects "battery full", then switches to a maintenance (trickle) charge.
- The initial value of the discharge current is calculated from the maximum discharge power dissipation and/or the charger's maximum permissible discharge current.
- Once the final discharge voltage is reached, the discharge current is reduced in stages to a low value.
- Continuous charge current adjustment to suit the battery's ability to absorb charge.
- The calculated charge current is reduced if there is a danger of the unit overheat-ing or being overloaded.
- Exception: if cells up to the number set for the Akku 2 charge section are connected, the charge
current value for Akku 2 is set as the discharge current.
- Max. charge current: -330d = 5.5 A, -430d = 5.0 A, -530d = 6.0 A, -636_= 8.0 A
- Max. discharge current: 2,0 A, isl 6-330d = 1,0 A
- Max. discharge power: 16 W, isl 6-330d = 10 W
Special features
- The isl 6 hardware is not designed for discharging 1-2 Ni-Cd cells. Reverse polarity guard diodes
and the types of transistor used only allow the unit to discharge below 2 Volts at reduced currents;
discharging below about 1 Volt is virtually impossible.
- a charge period longer than 3 hours without any "full" detection halts the charge process without showing the charge period except in the following programs:
Settings
for Power-On
- Call up the Power-On reset program you wish to use (see Chapter 9.3.1)
- Sensitivity of the automatic charge termination (see Chapter 9.3.2).
Program
selection
1. Disconnect any battery from Output 1
2. Press the "+" or "-" button repeatedly or constantly to select the program you wish to use (autodc oder auto3dc)
- Display, button pressed: "fullautomatic-dc" or "fullautomatic3dc"
3. Release the button. The combination program on the screen is now selected.
If you change from the a discharge to a charge program (without disconnecting the battery - if 1. is
ignored), the screen will show the resultant capacity from the previously discharge - at first as a negative and then as a positive value.
Connect battery
4. Now connect the battery to be charged to the Akku 1 output, maintaining correct polarity. The unit
beeps to indicate the start of the charging process.
Displays while discharging/charging
Line1
alternating with:
- Current discharge/charge time, current discharge/charge voltage, current discharge/charge current
Current discharge or charge capacity, voltage, current/car battery voltage (on isl 6-330d)
- Probability of full charge by series of letters "a" -> "b"... (buttons inactive) - during charge phase
- "!": measuring for charge current and auto. charge termination (buttons inactive) - while charging
- "*": charge current automatically reduced to guard against overheating
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: discharge and charge capacity/capacities (see chapter 6.7)
Displays after program end
Line1
alternating with:
- Total charge time,
final charge voltage, "full" e.g.
"33:12 15.9V full"
Total charged quantity, final charge voltage, "full" e.g.
"2.6Ah 15.9V full"
- "battery full" display by: brief buzz, LCD shows inverted "f"
- Inverted "t": short pulses of current, widely spaced, to maintain charged state
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: discharged and charged
capacity/capacities (refer to section 6.7)
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isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
8.1.4 Battery output 1, Ni-Cd capacity measuring program auto cd
(not isl 6-636e) with automatic charge / discharge current selection
Purpose
This program allows you to examine individual battery packs for changes, and helps you draw conclusions about their further usefulness based on variations in meas-ured capacity data.
Cell type / No.
Ni-Cd, 1-30 cells (-330d ... -530d), 1-36 cells (-636+).
Description
The battery connected to the charger is charged up using the auto c program and then discharged
using the auto -d program.
- The isl 6 automatically and repeatedly calculates the charge current to match the battery. The calculated charge current is reduced if there is a danger of the unit overheating or being overloaded.
The program charges until it detects "battery full".
- The battery is then discharged down to the final discharge voltage. The initial value of the discharge current is calculated according ot the maximum power dissipat-ion and/or the unit's maximum permissible discharge current.
- Exception: if cells up to the number set for the Akku 2 charge section are connected, the charge
current value for Akku 2 is set as the discharge current.
- Max. charge current: -330d = 5.5 A, -430d = 5.0 A, -530d = 6.0 A, -636_= 8.0 A
- Max. discharge current: 2,0 A, isl 6-330d = 1,0 A
- Max. discharge power: 16 W, isl 6-330d = 10 W
Special features
- The isl 6 is not designed for discharging 1-2 Ni-Cd cells. Reverse polarity guard diodes and the
types of transistor used allow the charger to discharge below 2 Volts only at reduced currents; discharging below about 1 Volt is virtually impossible.
- a charge period longer than about 3 hours without any "full" detection halts the charge
progress without showing the charge period.
Settings
for Power-On
- Call up the Power-On reset program you wish to use (see Chapter 9.3.1).
- Sensitivity of the automatic charge termination (see Chapter 9.3.2).
Program
selection
1. Disconnect any battery from Output 1.
2. Press the "+" or "-" button repeatedly or constantly to select the program you wish to use (auto
cd).
- Display, button pressed: "fullautomatic cd"
3. Release the button. The combination program on the screen is now selected.
If you change to a discharge program (without disconnecting the battery - if 1. is ignored), the screen
will show the resultant charge quantity from the charge previously fed in and removed, first as a positive and then as a negative value.
Connect battery
4. Now connect the battery to be charged to the Akku 1 output, maintaining correct polarity. The unit
beeps to indicate the start of the charging process.
Displays while charging/discharging
Line1
alternating with:
- Current discharge/charge time, current discharge/charge voltage, current discharge/charge current
Current discharge or charge capacity, voltage, current/car battery voltage (on isl 6-330d)
- Probability of full charge by series of letters "a" -> "b"... (buttons inactive) - during charge phase
- "!": measuring for charge current and auto. charge termination (buttons inactive) - while charging
- "*": charge current automatically reduced to guard against overheating
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: charged and discharged
capacity (chapter 6.7)
Displays after program end
Line1
alternating with:
- Total discharge time,
final discharge voltage, "empty" e.g. "65:09 8.51Vempty"
- Total discharge capacity, final discharge voltage, "empty" e.g. "1.9Ah 8.51Vempty"
- "battery empty" display by: brief buzz, LCD shows inverted "e"
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: charged and discharged
capacity (chapter 6.7)
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8.1.5 Battery output 1, Ni-Cd / Ni-MH discharge program auto -d
(not isl 6-636e) with automatic discharge current selection
Purpose
This discharge program discharges the pack as quickly and thoroughly as possible, and is
therefore ideal for preparing cells for storage, and also for balancing and refreshing cells.
Cell type / No.
Ni-Cd, Ni-MH, 1-30 cells (-330d ... -530d), 1-36 cells (-636+ and -636e).
Description
The battery connected to the unit is discharged down to the final discharge voltage.
- The initial value of the discharge current is calculated from the maximum discharge power
dissipation and/or the charger's maximum permissible discharge current.
- Exception: if cells up to the number set for the Akku 2 charge section are connected, the
charge current value for Akku 2 is set as the discharge current.
- When the final discharge voltage is reached, the discharge current is reduced in stages
down to a low value, in order to remove from the pack the last usable residual energy before the program is switched off.
- Final discharge voltage: approx. 0.85 V / cell
- Max. discharge current: 2,0 A, isl 6-330d = 1,0 A
- Max. discharge power: 16 W, isl 6-330d = 10 W
Special features - The isl 6 hardware is not designed for discharging 1-2 Ni-Cd cells. Reverse polarity guard
diodes and the types of transistor used allow the charger to discharge below 2 Volts only at
reduced currents; discharging below about 1 Volt is virtually impossible.
Settings
for Power-On
- Call up the Power-On reset program you wish to use (see Chapter 9.3.1)
Program
selection
1. Disconnect any battery from Output 1.
2. Press the "+" or "-" button repeatedly or constantly to select the program you wish to use
(auto-d).
- Display, buton pressed: "fullautomatic -d".
3. Release the button. The discharge program on the screen is now selected.
If you change to a charge program (without disconnecting the battery - if 1. is ignored), the
screen will show the resultant capacity from the previously discharge - first as a negative
and then as a positive value.
Connect battery 4. Now connect the battery to be charged to the Akku 1 output, maintaining correct polarity.
The unit beeps to indicate the start of the discharging process.
Displays while discharging
Line1
alternating with:
- Current discharge time, current discharge voltage, current discharge current
Current discharge capacity, voltage, current/car battery voltage (on isl 6-330d)
- "*" alternating with "-": discharge current automatically reduced to guard against overload.
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: discharge
quantity (see chapter 6.7)
Displays after program end
Line1
alternating with:
- Total discharge time, final discharge voltage, "empty" e.g. "65:09 8.51Vempty"
Total discharge capacity, final discharge voltage, "empty" "1.9Ah 8.51Vempty"
- "battery empty" display by: brief buzz, LCD shows inverted "e"
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: discharged
capacity (see chapter 6.7)
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isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
8.1.6 Battery output 1, Ni-Cd / Ni-MH discharge program(s) fixed-d
(not isl 6-636e) with manual discharge current selection (I-x.xxA)
Purpose
After partially discharging a battery in use it can be interesting to know what an afternoon's
flying, a particular driving style or a new power system has cost or saved you in terms of energy. This discharge program supplies that information.
Cell type / No.
Ni-Cd, Ni-MH, 1-30 cells (-330d ... -530d), 1-36 cells (-636+ and -636e).
Description
The selected program starts discharging immediately with the selected constant current.
The discharge current is maintained down to the final discharge voltage.
- The discharge current is automatically reduced if the current you have set threatens to
overheat the charger (max. power dissipation 16W).
- Selectable currents: 25 mA, 50 mA, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.5, 2.0 A
- Exception: if cells up to the number set for the Akku 2 charge section are connected, the
charge current value for Akku 2 is set as the discharge current.
- The unit is able to detect the number of cells connected with sufficient accuracy.
- A useful discharge current for an accurate measurement of battery capacity is usually one
tenth of nominal capacity (1/10 C)
- Final discharge voltage: approx. 0.85 V / cell
- Max. discharge current: 2.0 A
- Max. discharge power: 16 W
Special features - The isl 6 hardware is not designed for discharging 1-2 Ni-Cd cells. Reverse polarity guard
diodes and the types of transistor used allow the charger to discharge below 2 Volts only at
reduced currents; discharging below about 1 Volt is virtually impossible.
Settings
for Power-On
- Call up the Power-On reset program you wish to use (see Chapter 8.3.1).
Program
selection
1. Disconnect any battery from Output 1.
2. Press the "+" or "-" button repeatedly or constantly to select the program you wish to use
(D-x.xA, x.x = No. of cells).
- Display, button pressed: "disch.curr.-x.xA"
3. Release the button. The discharge program on the screen is now selected.
If you change to a charge program (without disconnecting the battery - if 1. is ignored), the
screen will show the resultant capacity from the previously discharge - first as a negative
and then as a positive value.
Connect battery 4. Now connect the battery to be charged to the Akku 1 output, maintaining correct polarity.
The unit beeps to indicate the start of the discharging process.
Displays while discharging
Line1
alternating with:
- Current discharge time, current discharge voltage, current discharge current
Current discharge capacity, voltage, current/car battery voltage (on isl 6-330d)
- "*" alternating with "-": discharge current automatically reduced to guard against overload.
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: discharge capacity (refer to section 6.7)
Displays after program end
Line1
alternating with:
- Total discharge time, final discharge voltage, "empty" e.g. "65:09 8.51Vempty"
Total discharge capacity, final discharge voltage, "empty" "1.9Ah 8.51Vempty"
- "battery empty" display by: brief buzz, LCD shows inverted "e"
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: discharge capacity (refer to section 6.7)
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7.2.1 Battery output 1, lead/acid discharge programs Pb-D, Pb-d
(not isl 6-636e) with automatic/manual discharge current selection
Purpose
The Pb discharge programs are designed either for fast discharging (Pb-D) or for a reasonably accurate capacity measurement (Pb-d).
Cell type / No.
Lead-sulphuric acid and lead-gel, 2, 6, 12, 24 V (1, 3, 6, 12 cells)
Description
The battery connected is discharged down to the final discharge voltage.
The "Pb-D" discharge program discharges at the highest possible current and then reduces
in stages down to a relatively low current.
The "Pb-d" program discharges at up to 200mA and is designed to allow reasonably accurate measurement of the battery's capacity.
- The initial value of the "Pb-D" discharge current is calculated from the maximum discharge power dissipation and/or the unit's maximum permissible discharge current.
- When the final discharge voltage is reached, the discharge current is reduced in stages
down to a low value, in order to remove from the pack the last usable residual energy before the program is switched off.
- Final discharge voltage approx. 1.73 V / cell
- Max. discharge current 2.0 A, isl 6-330d = 1,0 A; less with 2V batteries (technical reasons)
- Max. discharge power 16 W
Settings
for Power-On
- Call up the Power-On reset program you wish to use (see Chapter 8.3.1)
Program
selection
1. Disconnect any battery from Output 1.
If you do not do this it is impossible to change from a Ni-Cd to a Pb program.
2. Press the "+" or "-" button repeatedly or constantly to select the program you wish to use
(PB-D or PB-d).
- Display, button pressed: "lead accu
PB-D" or "lead accu
PB-d"
3. Release the button. The discharge program on the screen is now selected.
If you change to a charge program (without disconnecting the battery - if point 1 is ignored),
the screen will show the resultant charge quantity from the energy previously removed and
then charged-in, first as a negative and then as a positive value.
Connect battery 4. Now connect the battery to be discharged to the Akku 1 output with correct polarity.
- The unit beeps to indicate the start of the discharge process.
Displays while discharging
Line1
alternating with:
- Current discharge time, current discharge voltage, current discharge current
Current discharge quantity, voltage, current/car battery voltage (on isl 6-330d)
- Discharge time "mm:ss" changes after 99 minutes dicharge time to "HHhmm"
(mm = minutes, ss = seconds, HH = hours, : = minutes display, h = hour)
- "*" alternating with "-": discharge current automatically reduced to guard against overload.
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: charge capacity
(refer to section 6.7)
Displays after program end
Line1
alternating with:
- Total discharge time, final discharge voltage, "empty" e.g. "05h54 6.69Vempty"
Total discharge capacity, final discharge voltage, "empty" "4.3Ah 6.69Vempty"
- "battery empty" display by: brief buzz, LCD shows inverted "e"
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: charge capacity
(refer to section 6.7)
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isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
7.2.2 Battery output 1, lead-acid charge programs Pb C, Pb c
with automatic charge current selection
Purpose
The Pb charge programs charge lead-acid batteries virtually full within a few hours.
Cell type / No.
Lead-sulphuric acid, lead-gel, 2, 6, 12, 24 V (1, 3, 6, 12 cells)
Description
The Pb charge programs start charging at zero current when the battery is connected, then gradually
increase the charge rate (at around one minute per Amp-hour capacity). When the battery's maximum voltage is reached the current is gradually reduced again.
- The "Pb c" program charges at low currents (better filling, good for low-capacity batteries); while the
"Pb C" charges at higher currents for high-capacity batteries.
- When the battery first reaches the voltage limit for cyclic charging (approx. 2.45V/cell) the screen
shows a letter "a". The battery is then about 75% fully charged, and further charging takes place
much more slowly. Further rises in capacity are indicated in 5% increments with the letters "b", "c" ...;
note that the period required to reach the "battery full" indication may take about as long as the appearance of "a" after initial connection. Note: these are not specific figures; they are just intended to
give you a rough idea of how the lead-acid charge process is progressing.
- The maintenance charge voltage and current are reduced to the permissible continuous limit values
once "battery full" has been detected, but to ensure the battery is completely full and kept that way
they are not switched off. The charged-in Amp-hours are added together and stated together with the
current charge voltage.
- Don't be surprised if the isl 6 shows "battery full" at around 70% of nominal capacity, especially with
low-capacity batteries (up to about 3Ah).
Settings
for Power-On
- Call up the Power-On reset program you wish to use (Chapter 9.3.1)
Program
selection
1. Disconnect any battery from Output 1.
If you do not do this it is not possible to switch from a Ni-Cd to a Pb program.
2. Press the "+" or "-" button repeatedly or constantly to select the program you wish to use (Pb C or
Pb c).
- Display, button pressed: "lead accu
Pb C" or "lead accu
Pb c"
3. Release the button. The charge program on the screen is now selected.
If you change to a discharge program (without disconnecting the battery - if point 1 is ignored), the
screen will show the resultant charge quantity from the energy previously charged-in and then removed, first as positive and then as negative value.
Connect battery
4. Now connect the battery to be charged to the Akku 1 output with correct polarity.
- The unit beeps to indicate the start of the charging process.
Displays while charging
Line1
alternating with:
- Current charge time, current charge voltage, current charge current "19:16 6.13V 3.2A"
Current charge quantity, voltage, current charge current or e.g. ".11Ah 6.13V 3.2A"
Current charge quantity, voltage, car battery voltage (isl 6-330d) ".11Ah 6.13V 13.8"
- "+": automatic charge current adjustment in progress; current slowly rising
- Probability of full charge by series of letters "a" -> "b"... (buttons inactive)
- "*": charge current automatically reduced to guard against overheating
- Charge period "mm:ss" changes after 99 minutes charge period to "HHhmm"
(mm = minutes, ss = seconds, HH = hours, : = minutes display, h = hour display)
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: charge capacity (refer to
section 6.7)
Displays after program end
Line1
alternating with:
- Charge time,
current battery voltage, "full" e.g.
"18h12 6.90V full"
Charged capacity, current battery voltage, "full" e.g.
"4.6Ah 6.90V full"
- "battery full" display by: brief buzz, LCD shows inverted "f"
- Various warnings and error messages in plain text, with error number
- Pressing +&-buttons simultaneously: current programm; after release: charge capacity (refer to
section 6.7)
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operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
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8.3.1 Battery output 2, charge program for 1 to 6*- cell Ni-Cd batteries
Purpose
e.g. for charging receiver batteries down to 50 mAh or e.g. 6 cell transmitter batteries of
high capacity.
Cell type
Cell count
Charge current
Set the cell type to NiCd batteries as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the number of cells as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the charge current as explained in Section 9.2 (Current value: see Section 4.2).
Description
The charge program starts charging with the pre-selected current and the set number of
cells. At fixed intervals and after reaching the prescribed charge voltage limit the isl 6
switches to a pulsed charge process. The better the battery maintains its voltage in the
pauses, the longer the pauses become and the shorter the charge pulses become.
- The current and the number of cells are determined by a special initialisation process
which runs when the charger is first connected to the car battery (Section 9.2)
Please note
If the voltage at the battery output is excessive, the charger may fail to detect the presence
of a battery.
Settings
at Power-On
- cell type to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- number of cells to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- charge current (see Section 9.2 and 4.2)
Connect battery Connect the battery to be charged to the battery 2 output, taking care to maintain correct polarity.
- The charger beeps once to indicate the start of the charge process.
Displays if output 2 is "ready"
Line 2
- setting of battery output 2, car battery voltage, e.g.
"b2 4NiCd.1A 13.6"
- press both buttons simultaneously to display charged-in
capacity (charge quantity) during the last charge process e.g. "49mAh4NiCd.1A b2"
dto. isl 6-330d
If the cursor (under the battery 1 data) is at ”ready” (i.e. at the far left of the screen)
and if you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows:
- last capacity and setting of battery output 2, e.g.
"49mAh4NiCd.1A b2"
Displays while output 2 is charging
Line 2
dto. isl 6-330d
- current charge time, current charge voltage, car battery voltage
alternating on line 2, with
- current charge quantity, current voltage, current current e.g.
When both buttons are pressed simultaneously:
- current charge quantity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
"07:23 5.63V 13.6"
alternating with
"12mAh 5.63V0.10A"
"12mAh4NiCd.1A b2".
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates the approximate state of
charge.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows
- current capacity, cell count, cell type, charge current, "b2" e.g. "12mAh4NiCd.1A b2"
Displays after output 2 program end
Line 2
- time of "full" termination, cut off voltage,, car battery voltage
alternating on line 2, with
- charged capacity, cut off voltage, "full" e.g.
- "full" indication: brief buzz and inverted "f" on LCD screen
dto. isl 6-330d
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as shown above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates ”full”, i.e. the cursor is at
the far right of the screen.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows
- charged capacity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
"53mAh4NiCd.1A b2"
"29:12 5.79V 13.6"
alternating with
"53mAh 5.79V full"
[*] Maximum cell count only at supply voltage of 13,8 V; available from software & hardware V 7.03
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
18
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
8.3.2 Battery output 2, charge program for 1 to 6*- cell Ni-MH batteries
Purpose
For charging receiver batteries down to 100 mAh and 6 cell transmitter batteries.
Cell type
Cell count
Charge current
Set the cell type to NiMH batteries as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the number of cells as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the charge current as explained in Section 9.2 (Current value: see Section 4.3).
Description
The charge program starts charging with the pre-selected current and the set number of
cells. At fixed intervals and after reaching the prescribed charge voltage limit the isl 6
switches to a pulsed charge process. The better the battery maintains its voltage in the
pauses, the longer the pauses become and the shorter the charge pulses become.
- The current and the number of cells are determined by a special initialisation process
which runs when the charger is first connected to the car battery (Section 9.2)
Please note
If the voltage at the battery output is excessive, the charger may fail to detect the presence
of a battery.
- cell type to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- number of cells to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- maximum charge current (see Section 9.2 and 4.3)
Settings
at Power-On
Connect battery Connect the battery to be charged to the battery 2 output, taking care to maintain correct polarity.
- The charger beeps once to indicate the start of the charge process.
Displays if output 2 is "ready"
Line 2
- setting of battery output 2, car battery voltage, e.g.
"b2 4NiMH.3A 13.6"
- press both buttons simultaneously to display charged-in
capacity (charge quantity) during the last charge process e.g. ".73Ah4NiMH.3A b2"
dto. isl 6-330d
If the cursor (under the battery 1 data) is at ”ready” (i.e. at the far left of the screen)
and if you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows:
- last capacity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
".73Ah4NiMH.3A b2"
Displays while output 2 is charging
Line 2
dto. isl 6-330d
- current charge time, current charge voltage, car battery voltage
alternating on line 2, with
- current charge quantity, current voltage, current current e.g.
When both buttons are pressed simultaneously:
- current charge quantity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
"27:12 5.63V 13.6"
alternating with
"89mAh 5.63V0.33A"
"89mAh4NiMH.3A b2".
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates the approximate state of
charge.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows
- current capacity, cell count, cell type, charge current, "b2" e.g. "89mAh4NiMH.3A b2"
Displays after output 2 program end
Line 2
- time of "full" termination, cut off voltage, car battery voltage
alternating on line 2, with
- charged capacity, cut off voltage, "full" e.g.
- "full" indication: brief buzz and inverted "f" on LCD screen
dto. isl 6-330d
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as shown above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates ”full”, i.e. the cursor is at
the far right of the screen.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows
- charged capacity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
".74Ah4NiMH.3A b2"
"27:12 5.72V 13.6"
alternating with
".74Ah 5.72V full"
[*] Maximum cell count only at supply voltage of 13,8 V; available from software & hardware V 7.03
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
19
8.3.3 Battery output 2, charge program for 1 to 4*- cell Lead-Acid batteries
Purpose
Typically to charge single-cell glowplug energiser batteries and 2-cell lead-gel and lead-acid batteries, which cannot be charged at the battery 1 output.
Cell type
Cell count
Charge current
Description
Set the cell type to Lead batteries as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the number of cells as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the charge current as explained in Section 9.2 (Current value: see Section 4.4).
The charge program initially charges at a very low current, and slowly increases the rate until the pre-selected value is reached - unless the maximum voltage typical of these cells is
reached before this. Towards the end of the process the charge current is again reduced
significantly, and under certain circumstances it may even fall to zero.
- The current and the number of cells are determined by a special initialisation process
which runs when the charger is first connected to the car battery (Section 9.2)
Please note
If the voltage at the battery output is excessive, the charger may fail to detect the presence
of a battery.
Settings
- cell type to be connected (see Section 9.2)
at Power-On
- number of cells to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- maximum charge current (see Section 9.2 and 4.4)
Connect battery Connect the battery to be charged to the battery 2 output, taking care to maintain correct polarity.
- The charger beeps once to indicate the start of the charge process.
Displays if output 2 is "ready"
Line 2
dto. isl 6-330d
- setting of battery output 2, car battery voltage, e.g.
"b2 1Lead.5A 13.8"
- press both buttons simultaneously to display charged-in capacity (charge quantity)
during the last charge process (zero after "power-on") e.g.
"00mAh1Lead.5A b2"
If the cursor (under the battery 1 data) is at ”ready” (i.e. at the far left of the screen)
and if you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows (332 mA max. with i6-330d):
- last capacity and setting of battery output 2, e.g.
"00mAh1Lead.3A b2"
Displays while output 2 is charging
Line 2
- current charge time, current charge voltage, car battery voltage "19:12 2.13V 13.8"
alternating on line 2, with
alternating with
- current charge quantity, current voltage, current current e.g. ".11Ah 2.13V0.50A"
When both buttons are pressed simultaneously:
- current charge quantity and setting of battery output 2 e.g. ".11Ah1Lead.5A b2".
dto. isl 6-330d
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates the approximate state of charge.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows (332 mA max. with i6-330d!):
- current capacity, cell count, cell type, charge current, "b2" e.g. ".11Ah1Lead.3A b2"
Displays after output 2 program end
Line 2
- time of "full" termination, current voltage, car battery voltage "18h12 2.27V 13.8"
(18 hours, 12 minutes) alternating on line 2, with
alternating with
- current charged capacity, current battery voltage, "full" e.g. "4.5Ah 2.27V full"
- "full" indication: brief buzz and inverted "f" on LCD screen
dto. isl 6-330d
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as shown above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates ”full”, i.e. the cursor is at
the far right of the screen.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows (332 mA max. with i6-330d!):
- current capacity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
"4.5Ah1Lead.3A b2"
[*] Maximum cell count only at supply voltage of 13,8 V; available from software & hardware V 7.03
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
20
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
8.3.4 Battery output 2, charge program for 1 to 3*- cell Lithium-Manganese-Oxide batteries (Tadiran)
Purpose
Typically to charge 2-cell lightweight high-capacity receiver batteries
Cell type
Cell count
Charge current
Set the cell type to LiMn batteries as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the number of cells as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the charge current as explained in Section 9.2 (Current value: see Section 4.5).
Description
The charge program initially charges at a very low current, and slowly increases the rate until the pre-selected value is reached - unless the maximum voltage typical of these cells is
reached before this. Towards the end of the process the charge current is again reduced
significantly, and under certain circumstances it may even fall to zero.
- The current and the number of cells are determined by a special initialisation process
which runs when the charger is first connected to the car battery (Section 9.2)
Please note
If the voltage at the battery output is excessive, the charger may fail to detect the presence
of a battery.
- cell type to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- number of cells to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- maximum charge current (see Section 9.2 and 4.5)
Settings
at Power-On
Connect battery Connect the battery to be charged to the battery 2 output, taking care to maintain correct polarity.
- The charger beeps once to indicate the start of the charge process.
Displays if output 2 is "ready"
Line 2
- setting of battery output 2, car battery voltage, e.g.
"b2 2LiMn.2A 13.7"
- press both buttons simultaneously to display charged-in capacity (charge quantity)
during the last charge process (zero after "power-on") e.g.
"00mAh2LiMn.2A b2"
dto. isl 6-330d
If the cursor (under the battery 1 data) is at ”ready” (i.e. at the far left of the screen)
and if you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows:
- last capacity and setting of battery output 2, e.g.
"00mAh2LiMn.2A b2"
Displays while output 2 is charging
Line 2
dto. isl 6-330d
- current charge time, current charge voltage, car battery voltage
alternating on line 2, with
- current charge quantity, current voltage, current current e.g.
When both buttons are pressed simultaneously:
- current charge quantity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
"19.13 5.43V 13.7"
alternating with
".11Ah 5.43V0.20A"
".11Ah2LiMn.2A b2".
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates the approximate state of
charge.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows:
- current capacity, cell count, cell type, charge current, "b2" e.g. ".11Ah2LiMn.2A b2"
Displays after output 2 program end
Line 2
- time of "full" termination, current voltage, car battery voltage "03h38 6.70V 13.7"
(3 hours, 38 minutes) alternating on line 2, with
alternating with
- current charged capacity, current battery voltage, "full" e.g. ".61Ah 6.70V full"
- "full" indication: brief buzz and inverted "f" on LCD screen
dto. isl 6-330d
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as shown above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates ”full”, i.e. the cursor is at
the far right of the screen.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows:
- current capacity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
".61Ah2LiMn.2A b2"
[*] Maximum cell count only at supply voltage of 13,8 V; available from software & hardware V 7.03
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
21
8.3.4 Battery output 2, charge program for 1 to 3*- cell Lithium-Ion batteries
Purpose
Typically to charge 2 or 3-cell lightweight high-capacity power batteries for slowflyer.
Cell type
Cell count
Charge current
Set the cell type to LiIo batteries as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the number of cells as explained in Section 9.2.
Set the charge current as explained in Section 9.2 (Current value: see Section 4.6).
Description
The charge program initially charges at a very low current, and slowly increases the rate until the pre-selected value is reached - unless the maximum voltage typical of these cells is
reached before this. Towards the end of the process the charge current is again reduced
significantly, and under certain circumstances it may even fall to zero.
- The current and the number of cells are determined by a special initialisation process
which runs when the charger is first connected to the car battery (Section 9.2)
Please note
If the voltage at the battery output is excessive, the charger may fail to detect the presence
of a battery.
- cell type to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- number of cells to be connected (see Section 9.2)
- maximum charge current (see Section 9.2 and 4.6)
Settings
at Power-On
Connect battery Connect the battery to be charged to the battery 2 output, taking care to maintain correct polarity.
- The charger beeps once to indicate the start of the charge process.
Displays if output 2 is "ready"
Line 2
- setting of battery output 2, car battery voltage, e.g.
"b2 3LiIo.5A 13.8"
- press both buttons simultaneously to display charged-in capacity (charge quantity)
during the last charge process (zero after "power-on") e.g.
"00mAh3LiIo.5A b2"
dto. isl 6-330d
If the cursor (under the battery 1 data) is at ”ready” (i.e. at the far left of the screen)
and if you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows (332 mA max. with i6-330d):
- last capacity and setting of battery output 2, e.g.
"00mAh3LiIo.3A b2"
Displays while output 2 is charging
Line 2
dto. isl 6-330d
- current charge time, current charge voltage, car battery voltage
alternating on line 2, with
- current charge quantity, current voltage, current current e.g.
When both buttons are pressed simultaneously:
- current charge quantity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
"17:12 10.3V 13.8"
alternating with
".11Ah 10.3V0.50A"
".11Ah3LiIo.5A b2".
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates the approximate state of
charge.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows (332 mA max. with i6-330d!):
- current capacity, cell count, cell type, charge current, "b2" e.g. ".11Ah3LiIo.3A b2"
Displays after output 2 program end
Line 2
- time of "full" termination, current voltage, car battery voltage "03h07 12.4V 13.8"
(3 hours, 7 minutes) alternating on line 2, with
alternating with
- current charged capacity, current battery voltage, "full" e.g. "1.3Ah 12.4V full"
- "full" indication: brief buzz and inverted "f" on LCD screen
dto. isl 6-330d
- if battery 1 is not in use, the screen display is as shown above
- if battery 1 is in use, the cursor under the battery 1 data indicates ”full”, i.e. the cursor is at
the far right of the screen.
If you press both buttons simultaneously, the screen shows (332 mA max. with i6-330d!):
- current capacity and setting of battery output 2 e.g.
"1.3Ah3LiIo.3A b2"
[*] Maximum cell count only at supply voltage of 13,8 V; available from software & hardware V 7.03
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
22
9
Modifying charger characteristics
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
9.1 Tabular summary
Press and hold button(s)
&
Connect isl 6 to car battery
Message 1:
(c) schulze gmbh
isl6-xxxx V7.xx
Message:
(c) schulze gmbh
isl6-xxxx V7.xx
Message:
(c) schulze gmbh
isl6-xxxx V7.xx
Message 2:
Car battery=10V
(power is reduced)
Select menu 1:
b1-cur.aft.reset
last - + FAUTO
Select menu 1:
???? TypeSel A2
???? - + next
-
Release "-" button
Select menu 2:
b1 cutoff mode
xxxxx - + next
Select menu 2:
? CellCount
A2
? - + next
isl 6-330d
Select menu 3:
Switching output
xxxxx - + next
Select menu 3:
cur-???-rent A2
???mA=- + next
-
Select menu 4 (option):
Melody select #xx
ok = - + =next
Message:
b1 cutoff mode
e.g. "normal"
Message:
Ready display
Key:
Message for "ready" state or settings
Action to display or select a charger characteristic
Display of selectable charger characteristics
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
23
9.1.1 Use with an external 12V car battery
9.1.2
An external 12V battery can safely be discharged to a lower level with the isl 6 than a car
battery which is required to start a car engine.
The option of deeper discharge can be selected
when you connect the isl 6 to the battery. At the
same time you can limit the maximum charge
power (see 9.1.2.2 "Use with a 22/25A mains
PSU").
If you wish to do this, hold the "-" button on the
isl 6 pressed in while you connect it, until the
charger's screen shows the message
"car battery =10V" in the first line.
The low-voltage warning message range (# 5)
then lies approximately between 9.75 und
10.5V, and below 9.75V the unit switches itself
off (error # 72).
9.1.2.1 Use with a car battery charger
Never connect the isl 6 to a car battery
charger. These units produce a pulsed
D.C. current which damages the isl 6.
The charger does not store the "-" button press during initial connection, so
the setting has to be repeated at the
start of every session with the charger.
The best way to exploit the full charge power of
the unit is to delay making the change until the
first message
"car battery=MIN" or
"car battery<MIN" appears.
However, please note that you lose the current
data relating to the charge program running
(charge period, capacity) when you disconnect
the charger from the car battery to effect this
change.
Unfortunately, reducing the charge current
when the above messages appear is not without its problems, as the automatic charge termination circuit can then get "out of step", because a reduction in the load current also causes a reduction in the voltage of the battery
pack.
Use with the 230V mains supply
Using the unit with a car battery wired in parallel
and acting as a buffer can also cause problems, as this arrangement tends to produce
senseless error messages.
9.1.2.2 Use with a 22/25A mains PSU
In theory the charger can be used with a
stabilised mains power supply unit, but
the charger's high power and the PSU's
inadequate output capacity present problems, and the arrangement cannot be
recommend. The result may be longterm damage, and even terminal damage
to the mains PSU and the charger.
For charging batteries (minimum 8 cells) in conjunction with a 22 A (25 A peak) mains PSU it is
possible to limit the maximum charge power of the
unit (isl 6-530d upwards) at the Akku 1 output to
about 190 W, so that the current drain from the
PSU stays below 22 A.
This setting is made by pressing the "-" button
while you connect the unit to the car battery
(see description in Section 9.1.1).
The unit displays the message
"power reduced" in der second line of the
screen.
As reliable operation of the isl 6 with a mains
PSU depends on other factors, including spurious voltage levels, questionable reliability when
run continuously, sensitivity to converter clock
frequencies and adequate reserves of output
capacity (one area in which laboratory mains
PSUs are often lacking) etc., it is up to you to
carry out tests to establish whether your particular combination of PSU and charger works
properly. We accept no liability for problems or
damage to the isl 6 or other parts of the
combin-ation arising from this mode of usage.
Please note that "repairs" to chargers which
produce error messages when used with mains
PSUs will be charged for accordingly.
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
24
9.2
Setting the number of cells and charge current for battery Output 2
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
The Akku 2 (battery 2) output must be set to the type
of cell, number of cells and charge current you wish
to use.
You can chose within 5 types of batteries and chose
up to 4 (isl 6-330d 3) differnet charge currents.
The values you select are stored permanently in the
charger.
1. Hold the "+" button pressed in while you connect
the charger to the car battery and wait until the selection menu appears (about 2-3 seconds).
2. Release the button again.
" ???? TypeSel B2"
"4NiCd.3A- +next" (example)
In the isl 6-330d both lines follow in succession.
The value to select is marked by a question mark, in
the isl 6-330d the cursor marks the position to select.
You can chose following types of batteries:
Nickel Cadmium
(NiCd),
Nickel Metallhydrid
(NiMH),
Lead/acid and Lead/gel (Lead),
Lithium Manganoxid
(LiMn),
better known as Tadiran cell,
Lithium Ionen
(LiIo).
3. Press the "+" button (+next) repeatedly to display
the different battery types until the desired type appears.
4. Select the shown type of cell by pressing the "-"
button (e. g. .LiMn...-).
5. After that, the cell count menu appears.
"? CellCount
A2"
"1LiMn.3A- +next" (example)
Depending of the selected type of battery you can
chose following cell counts:
NiCd:
1 - 6* cells
= 1,2 ... 7,2 V
NiMH:
1 - 6* cells
= 1,2 ... 7,2 V
Lead:
1 - 4* cells
= 2, 4, 6, 8 V
LiMn:
1 - 3* cells
= 3,0 ... 9,0 V
LiIo:
1 - 3* cells
= 3,7 ... 11,1 V
[*] maximum cell count with a supply voltage of 13,8
V only, available on soft- & hardware from V 7.03
6. Press the "+" button (+next) repeatedly until the
desired cell count appears.
7. Select the shown cell count by pressing the "-" button (e. g. 2LiMn...-).
8. After that, the charge current menu appears:
" cur-???-rent B2"
"1LiMn.3A- +next" (example)
You can chose between following currents
(isl 6-330d in () ):
100 mA
= ".1A",
(100 mA = ".1A")
200 mA
= ".2A",
(200 mA = ".2A")
332 mA
= ".3A",
(332 mA = ".3A")
500 mA
= ".5A",
(332 mA = "<.5")
500 mA
= "<1A",
(332 mA = "<1A")
500 mA
= "<2A",
(332 mA = "<2A")
Hint: Effects on the Akku 1 output:
All currents selected for Akku 2 output are used
for Akku 1 output under following conditions:
The currents are only used at Akku 1 fullautomatic-discharging programs, if Akku 2 output is selected to a Nickel-Cadmium or a Nickel-Metal-Hydrid battery and the cell count of the battery
connected to Akku 1 output is equal or less of the
cell count selected for Akku 2 output. Example:
"1LiMn.3A":
Effect: none, because neither NiCd nor Ni-MH is selected.
"4NiCd.3A":
Effect: none, if Akku 1 discharges 5 or more cells.
At 1, 2, 3, or 4 cells the starting current is the selected 332 mA (0.3 A).
If a fixed discharge program is selected on Akku 1
output, the battery always will be discharged (if possible) with the selected fixed current on Akku 1 output.
"4NiCd<1A":
The auto-d programm discharges 1 A from 1-4 cells
at Akku 1 output. The Akku 2 output always supplies
at the same selection no more than its maximum
current of e.g. 500 mA (isl 6-430d) having selected
currents with leading "<" sign.
9. Press the "+" button (+next) repeatedly to display
the different current values,
10. Select the visible current value by pressing the "-"
button (e. g. 2LiMn.3A-).
11. After that the screen will show the set charge termination sensitivity before the "ready" message appears, exactly as if you had just connected the
charger to the car battery.
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
9.3
Program type after reset for A1
Charge termination for A1
Switch output
Melody select module
(9.3.1)
(9.3.2)
(9.3.3)
(9.3.4)
These 4 parameters can be adjusted in a single
process.
To do this hold the "+" and "-" buttons pressed
in while you connect the isl 6 to the car battery,
and wait until the menu
"B1-cur.aft.reset" appears.
9.3.1 Setting the program type after reset
Here you select the program which is to appear
as standard when you connect the isl 6 to the
car battery.
The program which appears after initial connection can be the:
- last used program
(more accurately: the program setting which
applied when the battery was last connected;
(Select "last" with the "-" button)
or
- the fully automatic charge program
(Select "FAUTO" with the "+" Taste).
When you have made your selection the menu
"p1 cutoff mode" appears (description below).
9.3.2 Setting charge termination sensitivity:
Press the + button repeatedly to display the
charge termination sensitivity.
Press the - button to select the value on the
screen. After you have made your selection
your selected value is repeated again:
"B1 cutoff mode"
"--> xxxx
"
(xxxx = normal, sensitive [sensit.], sensitive +
delay [sens+d])
After this selection the screen shows the menu for
setting the light indicator at the switched output even if the switched output is not installed (9.3.3).
9.3.2.1 Possible selections
Explanation: You can now adjust the method
of working of the automatic Delta-Peak charge
termination circuit. Three stages of sensitivity
are available:
25
1. normal
Delta-peak termination using proven termination criteria. This setting is the most straightforward for most applications.
2. sensitive (sensit.)
3. sensitive with delay (sens+d)
Re. 2.+3.: Delta-peak termination with sensitive
trip characteristics. This setting switches off the
charge voltage as soon as the voltage curve
flattens out. This often applies to hybrid cells
and similar, such as 1700SCE, RED AMP and
many transmitter batteries.
Note re. sens+d:
With the sensitive settings you may find that
deep-discharged cells are switched off right at
the start of the charge process. The "sens+v"
mode prevents this happening, because it incorporates a delay time after the pack is connected, and the automatic charge termination
circuit is only activated after 8 minutes.I
This means: the charge voltage is not
monitored during the first 8 minutes, so
the cells are charged for at least about
10 minutes.
Warning: for the same reason, if you connect a
large number of cells for a final "top-up", they
are likely to get very hot if the charge is set to
"sens+d".
9.3.2.2 Ni-MH batteries
Tests with charging Ni-MH batteries have produced good results using the two "sensitive"
termination settings, provided that manual
charge current setting is used, and charge currents of no more than 1 C are set (i.e. 1000 mA
charge rate for 1100 batteries).
In our experience, batteries which fail
to reach anything like their stated nominal capacity when charged also
present the most problems in detecting
the "battery full" state, i.e. the charger
fails to switch off.
Tests with modern high current Ni-MH batteries
can be charged (depending on type) up to 1.6 C.
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
26
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
9.3.3 Switched output setting
(not for isl 6-330d)
" switch output "
"12V perma- +next"
re. a)
You can chose among 3 different settings:
a) 12V permanent
The switched output provides 12 V continously,
ideal to to drive a battery cooling fan or similar.
b) FullBlinking
The switched output provides 12 V on / off to
drive a car flasher bulb when battery is fully
charged or discharged.
c) FullContinous
9.3.4 Melody selection setting
Note: this option is only fitted to older chargers
built before the end of 1995.
If the module is present, you can press the "+"
button to listen to all 12 melodies in turn.
You select the melody you wish to hear when
your batteries are "full" or "empty" by pressing
the "-" button (melody 0 = buzzer).
The selected melody (except melody 0) not only
sounds when the program terminates, but also
when you press the "+" and "-" buttons simultaneously to display the charged-in / discharged
capacity of the active program.
Note: you can cut short the melody or the buzzer at any time by pressing the "+" or "-" button.
The switched output provides 12 V continously
to drive a car flasher bulb when battery is fully
charged or discharged.
Press the "+" button (+next) repeatedly to display the switch output features.
Press the "-" button to select desired feature
(e.g. FullBlink).
When you finish the setting-up procedure
the screen will show the set charge termination sensitivity before the "ready" message
appears, exactly as if you had just connected the charger to the car battery.
The selected setting is repeated once more.
Note re. switched output:
The charger features a Cinch (phono) socket as
widely used in audio equipment, and it is protected by an internal T 2.5 A fuse. It is designed
for connection to a car flasher bulb (12V / 25W)
so that you have a visual indicator of the "battery full" and "battery empty" states.
As an alternative to the flashing light output the
Cinch socket can be set up at the factory to
provide a fixed 12 V to drive a battery cooling
fan or similar.
Note: the cables connected to this socket must
be fitted with a ferrite core in order to keep within the CE limits for interference radiation. Use
the "CE-Ring-i8" for this, and wind at least 9
turns of the cable through it at a point no more
than 5 cm from the Cinch plug. The cable must
not be more than 2 m long.
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
10 Legal matters
10.1 Warranty
All isl 6 chargers are carefully checked and
tested before dispatch.
If you have a complaint, send the unit back to us
with a clear description of the fault.
A message such as "doesn't work properly" or
"software error" doesn't help us much!
Before you send your isl 6 back to us, please
test the unit carefully, as it costs us money to
test a charger, and if it turns out to be in working
order we have to recover those costs from you.
In this case it makes no difference whether the
fully functional charger is returned within the
warranty period or not. Approved warranty
claims are processed in accordance with our
currently valid General Conditions of Business,
which are printed in our catalogue.
One further note: if a problem arises with any
schulze product, send it directly to us without interfering with it in any way.
This ensures that we can repair the unit quickly,
pick up warranty faults without any dispute, and
keep costs to a minimum.
You can also be sure that we will fit genuine replacement parts which will work properly in your
unit. Unfortunately we have had bad experience
with third-party Service Centres which claim
technical competence. Note also that any outside interference with our products invalidates
the warranty. Incompetent attempts at repair
can cause further damage. We often find it impossible to estimate the repair cost of devices in
such condition, and in certain circumstances we
are then obliged to decline to repair it altogether.
10.2 Limited liability / compensation
We at Schulze Elektronik GmbH are unable to
monitor the observance of our assembly and operation instructions, our prescribed conditions
and methods for installation, connection, usage
and maintenance of our battery chargers. For
this reason we cannot accept liability for loss,
damage or costs which arise through the inappropriate use of our products, or are connected
in any way with such use.
27
Within the normal legal limits, our obligation to
provide compensation, for whatever legal reason, is limited to the invoice value of that quantity of product immediately involved in the event
which caused the damage. This does not apply
if we are obliged to accept unlimited liability in
accordance with mandatory law due to our deliberate or serious negligence.
10.3 CE approval
All isl 6 units built after January 1996 satisfy all
relevant and mandatory EC directives: these are
the EMF directives
- 89/336/EWG,
- 91/263/EWG and
- 92/31/EWG.
The product has been tested to meet the following basic technical standards:
Interference radiation: EN 50 081-1:1992,
Interference susceptibility: EN 50 082-1:1992
and/or
EN 50 082-2:1995.
You are the owner of a product whose design
and construction fulfil the safety aims of the EC
for the safe operation of devices.
The approval procedure includes a test of interference radiation, i.e. of interference generated
by the charger. This charger has been tested
under practical conditions at maximum load current and with a large number of cells, and remains within the interference limits. A less stringent test would be, for example, to measure interference levels at a low charge current or with
only 7 cells, in which mode the voltage converter
would not be active. In such cases the charger
would not produce its maximum interfer-ence
level.
The procedure also includes a test of interference susceptibility, i.e. the extent to which the
charger is vulnerable to interference from other
devices. The test involves subjecting the charger to RF signals similar to those produced by an
RC transmitter or a radio telephone.
Note:
If you encounter problems in using this device,
please carry out the measures described in Chapter 13 and 14 before you decide that it is defective.
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
28
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
11 Specifications, technical features
isl 6 Dims. Display
Display
approx. [kg][linexchar] [vis. area]
-330d0,71
-430d 1.1
-530d 1.1
-636+ 1.3
-636e 1.3
1 x 16
2 x 16
2 x 16
2 x 16
2 x 16
isl 6-...
Model
63x12mm
61x15mm
61x15mm
98x22mm
61x15mm
Lead-acid
batteries
-330d
-430d
-530d
-636+
-636e
No. of cells
[No. Ni-Cd]
1 - 30
1 - 30
1 - 30
1 - 36
1 - 36
Capacity Charge currents
[Ah]
[mA - A]
0.1 - 5
0.1 - 4
0.1 - 5
0.1 - 6
0.1 - 6
Disch. currents
[mA - A]
250 - 5,5
250 - 5
250 - 6
250 - 6.5 (8)
250 - 6.5 (8)
25 - 1
25 - 2
25 - 2
25 - 2
N.A.
No. of cells Min. capacity Charge currents
[No. Pb]
[Ah]
[ca. A]
Disch. currents
[A]
1, 3, 6, 12
1, 3, 6, 12
1, 3, 6, 12
1, 3, 6, 12
1, 3, 6, 12
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0,25 - 4
0.25 - 4
0.25 - 4.5
0.25 - 5
0.25 - 5
0,1-1
0.1-2
0.1-2
0.1-2
N.A.
Summary of charge currents related to number of cells connected to Akku 1 output
Voltage
6V
9V
11- 26V
34V
40V
45V
50V
No. of cells
~4c
~6c
~8-16c
~20c
~24c
~27c
~30c
-330d
-430d
-530d
-636+,e
2,1 A
2.7 A
2.7 A
2.7 A
4,0 A
5.0 A
5.3 A
5.3 A
5,5 A
5.0 A
6.0 A
8.0 A
3,7 A
4.5 A
6.0 A
8.0 A
2,9 A
3.5 A
4.8 A
6.5 A
2,4 A
2.9 A
4.0 A
5.6 A
2,0 A
2.5 A
3.5 A
4.8 A
Akku 2 output:
Cell count: 1-6 Ni-Cd, 1-6 Ni-MH, 1-4 PB, 1-3 Li-Ion, 1-3 Li-MnO (Tadiran); 13,8V supply voltage...
Charge current 100, 200, 330 mA or 500 mA (500 mA not for isl 6-330d), ...for max. cell count!
Other features:
- fully automatic charge current calculation for Akku 1 (patent application submitted)
- Akku 1 und Akku 2 outputs can be used simultaneously
- Akku 1 output suitable for use with Ni-Cd and Ni-MH batteries
- Akku 1 output also suitable for lead-acid and lead-gel batteries (min. capacity 1Ah)
- Safety charge termination after 3 hrs charge period at Akku 1 output
(4h for 3dc program, 1st charge phase)
- Tolerances at Akku 1, current: typically 5%; max. approx. 15% or 250 mA (higher value applies)
- Tolerances at Akku 2, current: typically 5%; max. approx. 10% or 100 mA (higher value applies)
- No-load current drain: approx. 200 mA
- Continuous charge output at 100mA (mean value, pulsed 400mA supply)
- Maximum discharge power dissipation 16 Watts (10 Watts isl 6-330d)
- Power supply voltage: 11 - 15.2 V
- Low voltage warning threshold: 11.25 V (10.5 V at reduced setting)
- Low voltage power cut-off: 10.75 V (9.75V at reduced setting)
- Cartridge fuse at Akku 1 output: 5 x 20 mm, rating M 16 A
- All data refer to a car battery voltage of 12.5V DC
- Recommended car battery: 12 V / greater than 63 Ah; minimum capacity: 12 V / 42 Ah
Applicable to isl 6-636e only:
- Small display; no discharge stage; melody module and switched output not available
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
29
12 RS232 interface pinout and data convention
12.1 Pinout of the jack connector of the the connecting cable
RxD
TxD
RS232 interface connector
Gnd
SUB D 9 pins
(25 pins)
TxD = transmiter of isl 6
connect with RXD
Pin 2
(Pin 3)
RxD = receiver of isl 6
connect with TXD
Pin 3
(Pin 2)
Signal GND
connect with GND
Pin 5
(Pin 7)
In the charger and in the sub d socket of our i6-RS-kab we mounted some resistors for safety reasons, which shall protect the interface against damage by short circuit during the connection of the
plug into the socket.
12.2 Data convention PC-connection
Data transfer rate:
9600 Baud
Datablock:
A:sssss:uuuuu:iiiiiVSttt## (ASCII)
Legend:
A
:
sssss
:
uuuuu
:
iiiii
V[:,-]
S[l,L,E,P,v...]
ttt[...]
##[..]
Output/Pack No.
Separation sign
time in seconds
Separation sign
Battery voltage in millivolts
Separation sign
Current in milliamperes
Charge/Discharge indicator
Charge-/Discharge-Status
Battery temperature
Device number
Hint: Battery temperature and device number are transferred as "....." (points)
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
30
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
13 Error messages and their
causes
When certain limit values (car battery voltage, charger temperature, maximum charge power) are exceeded, the result may be to cut off the charge process (e.g. excess car battery voltage), or the screen
may show an error message while the buzzer
sounds; the buzzer is switched off automatically after
a certain time.
- If an error message appears, the screen only
shows the charged quantity from then on; the charge
period and charge voltage can no longer be read off.
- At the Akku 2 output a battery voltage of less than
about 0.5 V will cause the charger to assume incorrect polarity.
- During charging at Akku 2 output with the maximum rated cell count (especially with 3 Li-Io cells)
the warning/error "Vcar-Vbatt2 <min" appears, when
supply voltage of the isl 6 is too low (lower 13.8
Volts). Please be sure that supply voltage is 13.8 volt
and/or unplug battery from battery 1 output.
Error No.
Cause of error
Akku1 Akku2
The cause of the error is
explained in plain text together
with the error number
41
42
Charge period > maximum1
82
-
Battery voltage > maximum2
51
-
Converter voltage > maximum
52
-
Charge current > maximum
62
-
Power dissipation of
charge source > maximum
-
-
Power dissipation of discharge
current sink > maximum
61
-
Charger converter power
> maximum2
General errors
74
Charger current drain > maximum
73
Charger temperature > maximum
5
Car battery voltage low
72
Car battery voltage < minimum
75
Fuse blow3 (after 94 series)
[1] Cause: the battery, usually a receiver pack, is not
being charged at high current (< 1C). Time > 3
hours or > 4 hours, 1st phase, 3DC program.
Remedy: use 2.5mm2 charge cable with short adaptor cable (max. length 5 cm) to receiver battery.
Never charge through a switch harness with integral charge socket.
[2] The charger may report "disconnect Akku1" and
other inexplicable errors if ...
... the unit is run from a car battery which is itself being charged by a car battery charger.
... the unit is run from an unsuitable mains PSU as
power source.
[3]Cause: Short-circuit between positive terminal of
Akku 1 socket and car battery negative terminal.
Remedy: Open case and replace internal fuse (5 x
20mm cartridge, rating M 16 A). Disconnect unit
from power supply before opening (remove 3 exposed screws).
Note: This message may also appear if a conductor
burns through in an early model of charger. Send
the charger to our Service department, as it is not
usually just the conductor that is faulty.
Error: EMPTY message in a Ni-Cd charge program
after approx. 30 seconds:
Cause: a) 1-3 cell battery connected for charging,
not started with the D.1 program. b) At the start of
the charge with a completely flat battery (0V) a
warning appears until minimum voltage is
reached.
Note: this message may also indicate incorrect polarity. Check this, otherwise you could accidentally
"charge" the pack the wrong way round.
Error: disconnect battery 1/2 and/or Power-On Reset:
Cause: a) One or more batteries was connected to
the charger before it was connected to the car battery.
b) The "watchdog" has tripped in mid-charge or
mid-discharge. It responds when the micro-processor is in a state which the software does not
recognise, perhaps due to outside interference.
Note: Not an error! The charger is incapable of deciding whether a lead-acid or Ni-Cd program has
to be selected, or whether a charge or discharge
program is to be used.
Error: The isl 6 does not respond to the buttons.
Note: Not an error! During the measurement phases
("!") and towards the end of the charge process
the programs must not be altered, as the isl 6
must be allowed to detect the imminent "full" state
(screen: a, b, c ...) without outside interference.
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
31
14 Trouble-shooting
Dear customer,
If your charger appears not to work as you expect it to, please run through the measures outlined below step by step before assuming that it is faulty.
Only if you have completed all these checks, and the problem is still present, ring on our hotline
for technical advice. Even better, fill in the service questionnaire (next page) and send or fax it to
us. We will then ring you back with advice.
From long years of experience with our battery chargers we know that most problems do
not arise if the points listed below are followed to the letter.
If we receive your charger but can find no fault with it ("no fault found") - which usually
means that the measures described below have been ignored - please note once again that
we incur costs in checking the unit, and that those costs are payable by you even if the
charger is within the warranty period.
1. Connect the charger to a fully charged car battery with a capacity of at least 60 Ah. Do not
use a mains-powered Power Supply Unit!
2. For the power supply to the charger use only the original cables and terminal clips. Connectors such as wander plugs, car cigar lighter plugs etc. are not suitable! If you have made changes,
kindly restore the original cables and clips. Take care to produce sound soldered joints - no "solder
blobs" or dry joints, please!
3. Charge cables for all batteries should have a conductor cross-section of 2.5 sq mm. The
charger's automatic current setting circuitry is only capable of setting a suitable (i.e. high) charge
current for your battery if the cable is of this cross-section. Give the automatic circuit a fair chance!
4. Just as important as the charge cables are the connectors attached to them. Use the proven 4
mm gold-contact connectors at the charger end (don't use expensive wander plugs). Your flight
packs should already be fitted with gold-contact connectors. Tin-plated connectors are completely
unsuitable as their transfer resistance is high and they are prone to intermittent contact. Be sure that
your cables are well soldered to the plugs and sockets. Do not fasten with screws.
5. If you observe Points 3) and 4) and connect a discharged battery to the charger, the fully automatic charge mode should set a current of at least 1C, usually as much as 2C, after about 5 - 10
min-utes. If this is not the case, then the internal resistance of the battery is probably excessive. In
short, your battery has "had it", or is not suitable for rapid-charging.
6. Ensure that there are no defective cells in the battery pack. Bad cells usually heat up early in
the charge, and then cause the charger to switch off prematurely, and/or to set too low a charge
current in automatic mode.
7. If the 3-hour limit is exceeded when you are charging from the Akku 1 or Akku 2 output in automatic mode, then something is wrong with your charge cable, your connectors or your battery.
Perhaps too small a cross-section in the charge cable? Connectors not good-quality gold-contact
types? Dry solder joints? Battery ready for the bin, or not designed for rapid-charging?
Establish the reason! Attempting to alter the 3-hour time limit is not the way forward, as in most cases a charge period of one hour already indicates that something is amiss. After 5 - 10 minutes the
automatic circuitry should have set a charge current of at least 1C!
8. Have you read the information in Chapter 1 (Warnings) and 2 (How to obtain reliable, troublefree operation) and observed the recommendations?
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
32
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
15 Service questionnaire
Your address:
and
Telephone No.:
To: schulze elektronik gmbh
Fax-No. +49 / 6150 / 1306-99
Please complete every section.
If a fault arises please return this form with the unit!
Battery:
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Your information:
Purpose (Transmitter, receiver, flight pack)
Manufacturer
No. of cells / voltage
Capacity
Type
Cells soldered or clipped
Charge cable connector
Example:
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Charge cable:
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Length
Cross-section
Charger connector
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Transmitter
Sanyo
8-cell / 9,6 V
1700 mAh
1700SCE
soldered
Barrel
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Original <xyz>
1.5 m
0.14 sq mm
Wander plug
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Power supply:
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Fault with mains PSU power:
PSU type
Output voltage
Maximum output current
Fault with car battery power:
Nominal capacity, car battery
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yes
Power 150
13 V
11 A
no
45 Ah
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Charger:
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Type
Charge output used
Charge program selected
(Automatic mode:) max. charge current
(Automatic mode:) charge current at fault
Duration of charge
Battery temperature at termination
Error message
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isl 6-430d
Akku 1
Auto C
0.83A
0.25A
133 min
30°C
# 52
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Description of fault:
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze
operating instructions for software from V7.03, date of issue 17 DEC 2001
elektronik
gmbh
page
33
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
page
34
isl 6 chameleon: rapid charger series
schulze elektronik gmbh • prenzlauer weg 6 • D-64331 weiterstadt • tel: 06150/1306-5, fax: 1306-99
internet: http://www.schulze-elektronik.com
e-mail: [email protected]
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