Canon | Digital Camcorders | Specifications | Canon Digital Camcorders Specifications

The Canon XL1s – Meeting the
Highest Expectations
Canon pursued imaging greatness resulting in the
ultimate digital camcorder system, the XL1s. It starts
with a highly intelligent “open architecture” design,
which allows you to customize your XL1s with the
widest variety of optional accessories available. Plus,
you have extensive control over picture and sound
adjustments to tailor the “look and feel” of each
recording to your preference or even your clients’.
Whether you define yourself as an imaging
enthusiast, professional videographer or digital
filmmaker, there is a Canon XL1s digital camcorder
configuration that’s just right for you.
Premium picture quality and performance
Enhanced manual functions for experienced users
Wide variety of interchangeable lens
Leading-edge audio technology
Full manual zoom lens available
User oriented interface
3 CCD Pixel Shift Technology for Super-High Resolution
Three Different Shooting Modes
for All Your Recording Needs
Normal Movie Mode
The XL1s maximizes the capability of the DV format
by using a 3 CCD system assigning a separate CCD to
each primary color (red, green, blue). A beamsplitting prism precisely separates the light passing
through the lens into individual color components,
and each is sent to its own CCD. This process
achieves outstanding detail with highly accurate
color reproduction suitable for the demands of the
high-end production field – wide dynamic range, low
color noise, natural color resolution and low aliasing.
Pixel Shift
Canon solves common shooting dilemmas by using
a signal processing technique called Pixel Shift,
which has been used in professional grade video
cameras for many years. It achieves wider dynamic
range, brighter video in low light, reduced vertical
smearing and sharper digital photos.
High Resolution Even In Low Light
The XL1s incorporates three CCD image sensors
specifically designed for freedom when shooting
under extremely low light conditions. The size of
each pixel is 72 square microns. That’s 150% larger
than the pixel-size on comparable models. The result
is approximately an overall 14 dB improvement in
By merging Canon’s superior lens quality with
3 CCD’s, the XL1s delivers stunning resolution and
color reproduction - some of the best images outside
of a TV studio. This mode records video in the
standard interlaced fashion similar to conventional
camcorders. Normal Movie Mode is ideal for
recording video, which appears smooth and natural
during playback on a TV or video editing computer.
Digital Photo Mode with Self Timer
Take almost 700 brilliantly clear still pictures on
a single tape (in SP mode). The photo mode further
distinguishes the XL1s by capturing extremely high
resolution still images. The camera records the still
pictures for approximately 6 seconds, as well as
recording the sound for your verbal notes or
narration. You can search through the recorded tape
for your photos using the supplied remote control.
Frame Movie Mode
This mode captures video in a unique non-interlaced
method allowing the XL1s to record 25 frames of
video per second. Similar to a motor drive on
a 35 mm camera, Frame Movie Mode performs like
a Digital Motor Drive. You’ll capture every gesture
and expression of your subject with spectacular
clarity. It’s perfect for users who choose to grab high
quality still images from video for making prints,
video for website content, or even sending
emotionally charged images over the internet. The
non-interlaced method popularized by Canon’s XL1s
has even been acknowledged by users for its
cinematic-like appearance.
Interchangeable Lens for Increased Flexibility and Creativity in Shooting
FS-72U Filter Set
Includes neutral density (ND 8), polarizing and
ultraviolet filters.
1.6x Extender
Attach this extender between the XL1s camera and
the Optical Image Stabilized 16x Zoom Lens or the
Manual 16x Zoom Lens to increase the focal length
magnification by 1.6x.
EOS Adapter for Image Magnification
The Choice Is Yours…
The XL1s maximizes your options via the XL mount
system for a focal length range from 24 to 2,160 mm.
This super-flexible system with unbeatable range is
made possible though the use of Canon’s XL and EF
35 mm camera lenses.
Optical Image Stabilized 16x Zoom Lens
This lens resolves over 600 TV lines to deliver an
extraordinarily sharp image. By exceeding the DV
standard of 500 TV lines, it provides greater visual
“sharpness” through the critical 100 to 250 TV line
resolution area. This lens also includes Canon’s
“SuperRange” Variable Angle Prism for enhanced
optical image stabilization plus a ND filter, manual
focus and zoom rings and a Push AF button.
Manual 16x Zoom Lens
Perfect for the video application that requires precise
manual lens control, this lens provides focus, zoom
and aperture scales. Even more, it includes a powered
zoom, automatic iris and two built-in ND filters.
3x Extra Wide-Angle Zoom
The 3x zoom lens provides the world’s widest fieldof-view on any DV camcorder. The focal length is
3.4 mm to 10.2 mm (35 mm equivalent 24 mm to
72 mm) and the resolution exceeds 600 TV lines.
The EF adapter allows you to attach Canon EOS
35 mm camera lenses to the XL1s. This is especially
helpful for subjects such as sports, wildlife,
surveillance and astronomy because the image
magnification of any 35 mm lens is increased 7.2x
when mounted onto the XL1s.
Keep It Steady
SuperRange Optical Image Stabilizer The Most Advanced System Available
Until now, optical image stabilizers have used solely
a gyro sensor to detect camcorder vibration (the data
from which controls a vari-angle prism that
continuously corrects the path of the incoming light).
SuperRange goes one step further by examining the
image after it is received by the CCD, and detecting
any low-frequency vibrations missed by the gyro. This
data is fed-back to accelerate and refine the movement
of the vari-angle prism. This greatly improves
performance for low frequency vibration, resulting in
the most advanced optical image stabilization
available today. This feature is found only on Canon’s
optical Image Stabilized 16x zoom lens.
3x wide
0 mm
3x telephoto
200 mm
16x wide
400 mm
Extra Wide-Angle Lens XL 3.4-10.2 m m
16x Manual Zoom Lens
16x Zoom Lens
With Extender XL 1.6x
Focal range expressed as 35 mm equivalents
16x telephoto
600 mm
32x digital zoom
800 mm
1.000 mm
32x with 1.6x Extender
8.500 mm
Stereo microphone
10 POWER dial
Viewfinder focusing ring
11 EJECT button
12 Focusing ring
Eye cup
13 Zooming ring
Shoulder strap attachment bar
14 Auto/Manual Focus switch
ND FILTER switch
15 PUSH AF button
16 EXP. LOCK button
LIGHT button
17 LENS RELEASE switch
18 GAIN dial
15 16 17
19 20 21
34 35 36 37
36 User Preset Select Button
44 Audio 1 RCA Jacks
37 User Preset (ON/OFF) Button
45 S-Video terminal
38 L/R dials (AUDIO 2)
46 Video terminal
39 LEVEL dial (AUDIO 1)
47 RECORD SEARCH + button
40 BALANCE dial (AUDIO 1)
48 EVF DISPLAY button
41 AE Shift dial
49 D. EFFECT on/off button
42 Audio LCD panel
50 SHUTTER up key
43 DC out terminal
51 SHUTTER down key
19 White balance selector knob
27 Accessory shoe
20 WHITE BALANCE set button
28 Headphones terminal
21 STANDBY button
22 Socket for Shoulder Pad SP-100,
30 Tally lamp
Microphone Adapter/ Shoulder MA-100
31 Remote sensor
23 Shoulder Pad SP-100
32 Handle Zoom Control
33 PHOTO Button
25 START/STOP button
34 Custom Key 1
26 LOCK lever
35 Custom Key 2
52 RECORD SEARCH - / (record review) button
53 AV insert button
54 FF button
55 REW button
56 Audio DUB button
57 REC button
58 PLAY / PAUSE button
59 STOP button
Four Audio Channels
Headphone terminal
Four Channel Digital Audio for
Recording Versatility
The XL1s records digital stereo sound. You can
record 16 bit audio (2 channels, 48 KHz) or 12 bit
audio (4 channels, 32 KHz). Audio level can be fully
automatic or manually controlled and monitored by
an illuminated VU meter. The XL1s also accepts Line
or Mic level audio sources to ensure an accurate
impedance match.
High Frequency Microphone
The XL1s comes complete with a high quality
microphone that gives excellent performance in
terms of frequency response.
Headphone Terminal
You can monitor the level and quality of the audio
you are recording, to ensure the best quality.
XLR Audio Inputs
The optional MA-200 Microphone Adapter/Shoulder
Pad is equipped with 4 XLR connectors for use with
professional audio equipment and a BNC video
connector. This unit also allows you to attach an
optional, commercially available, wireless microphone receiver. Plus, it functions as a shoulder pad
for advanced handling and control.
MA-200 Microphone Adapter/
Shoulder Pad
You can attach 4 mics with XLR-connector
simultaneously and have the video signal by the
MA-100 MA 200 Microphone Adapter/Shoulder Pad
M: Frequency
Fxd Y 20
Log Hz
Transfer your DV Footage to Film
16:9 Aspect Ratio
The XL1s is equipped with two 16:9 aspect ratio
16:9 Guides
The 16:9 guides are thin white lines, which appear in
the viewfinder only. They let you view a 16:9 wide
screen composition while in the standard 4:3 aspect
ratio, which is especially helpful if you’re planning to
transfer your DV footage to film.
16:9 Recording Mode
The XL1s includes a 16:9 recording mode, which
applies an electronic anamorphic stretch allowing
you to fill the frame of a 16:9 wide screen TV.
Programmed AE for Advanced Recording Techniques
Designed to be used when subjects are illuminated by
intense light sources, such as under spotlights on
a dark stage. This mode is designed to prevent the
subject from being grossly over-exposed, against
a dark background.
Ensures great results in various shooting conditions.
There are six programs in all, giving you the balanced
The Tv and Av modes permit easy operation while
retaining the creative image controls commonly
found on Canon’s 35mm SLR cameras. In the Tv
mode, you select the shutter speed from 1/6 to
1/16000 of a second and the XL1s will automatically
set a matching aperture. In the Av mode, you select
the aperture from f/1.6 to f/16 and the XL1s
automatically sets a matching shutter speed.
control that you have come to expect from Canon.
Full Auto
Also called the “Green Zone” and identified by the
green rectangle on the Command Dial, this is the
ideal selection for general shooting.
Auto mode
Similar to Full Auto, Auto mode handles all camera
settings automatically, but also allows the user to
select manual functions
Manual Mode
Tv Mode
If you want to make all the decisions, this is the mode
to use. You can choose any combination of shutter
speeds and lens apertures.
Av Mode
Complete Versatility
Color Phase
Four Different Picture
Adjustment Modes
Up to three picture adjustment settings can be stored,
allowing you quick, creative control.
Zebra Pattern
Color Gain
Adjust the saturation of the color between off to
oversaturated. This adjustment allows you to shoot in
black and white.
AE Shift with Three Slow Shutter
Color Phase
By adjusting the AE Shift Control you can lighten or
darken the image to precisely control the exposure
level of the Program AE modes.
Adjust the Color Phase toward red or green for exact
Camera Sharpness
Adjust the range of picture sharpness to your
preference before recording. Softer may compliment
the subject while sharper will make details clearer.
Setup Level
Adjust the black level of the video signal for the best
shadow detail. (Focus, exposure, white balance, for
Clear Scan
The XL1s can be adjusted to match the frequency of
a CRT monitor, allowing you to record the monitor
without rolling black bars.
SMPTE Colour Bars
The XL1s generates SMPTE colour bars for accurate
matching to your monitor or edit suite.
White Balance for Any Lighting
White Balance can be set for Automatic, preset
Indoors, preset Outdoors and three Set memories, for
any lighting condition.
Digital Effects
The XL1s is equipped with a 2x Digital Zoom to
electronically increase the magnification of the image
plus a Fade Trigger feature, which applies a black
fade to the beginning or end of a scene.
1 Fader
Use the fader to start or end scenes with a fade to or
from black.
2 Effects
Give variety to your images during recording by
adding Black and White, Slim, Stretch or Strobe
Gain Creative Control
As well as automatic gain, the XL1s has settings for
–3 dB, 0 dB, +6 dB, +12 dB, +18 dB, and +30 dB for
creative control in any shooting condition.
Zebra Pattern Avoids Overexposure
Reveal areas of overexposure, using these diagonal
stripes to guide you when setting the aperture and
shutter speed. Select from five levels: 80, 85, 90, 95,
and 100%.
Interval Timer
With the interval timer, you can record for a selected
time with selected interval. This function is
convenient for nature observation such as flowers,
sunsets, etc. You can select the interval time from
30 sec., 1 min., 5 min. and 10 min., and the
recording time from 0.5 sec., 1 sec., 1.5 sec. and
2 sec.
VCR Stop
You can turn the recorder section off leaving the
camera section turned on, so you can adjust the
camera section without worrying about the
Automatic shut-off (5-minute timer).
Camera Sharpness
Slow Shutter Settings
Whether your aim is a “streaming” background when
panning or brighter recording in low light, you can
choose from three slow shutter settings –1/30,
1/15 and 1/8 of a second.
Custom Keys
DV Control
You can assign frequently used functions to the keys
(camera mode and VCR mode independently) to
customize the camera to your shooting preferences or
environment. You can assign the following functions
to the Custom Keys.
You can control the record and pause of equipment
that conforms to the AV/C protocol connected to the
XL1s using the DV terminal. For example, record to
a miniDV tape and FireWire Hard drive
Camera Mode
Time Code
• Index Write • Zebra pattern • VCR stop • TV
screen • Audio 1 in • Audio 2 in • Zoom grip speed
• Zoom handle speed • No function assigned
VCR Mode
• TV screen • Data code • Audio 1 in • Audio 2 in
• No function assigned
Composite/S-Video In & Out
The XL1s can be connected to any monitor by
a composite (RCA) cable or by an S-Video cable. The
same video terminals also accept video signals for
recording from external sources such as a TV, VCR or
another camcorder. The MA-200 adaptor has a BNC
connector for connection to professional equipment.
AV Insert and Audio Dubbing
Add a new scene into your video from another source
such as a camcorder or VCR. (Your video must be
recorded in SP mode.) You can also add a new stereo
audio track onto your video such as a voice over or
background music. (Your audio must be recorded in
the 12 bit mode.)
This precisely identifies each recording down to the
individual frame, showing the hour, minute, second
and frame in the display. The XL1s uses a “dropframe” system that is frame accurate.
Data Code
Data code, which is recorded separately from the
video signal, lets you display or hide data such as
date, time, exposure etc. as required. This data can
also be permanently “burned in” over the video for
verification or surveillance purposes.
Index Recording
You can mark “the best take” when you are shooting,
for easy access when playing back in the VCR mode.
Ergonomics and Magnesium Body
The XL1s camcorder is designed to support extensive
field use. Its chassis is mounted on a single, durable
magnesium alloy frame to provide overall strength
and protection from external shock – blending
twenty times the durability of ordinary camcorder
bodies, with countless times the style. The layout and
design of the controls and functions makes the XL1s
ergonomically and practically a joy to use.
Top Grip with Recording Controls
In addition to the normal side grip, the XL1s features
a carrying handle complete with a duplicate set of
recording and zoom controls to better meet your
individual recording style, as well as being ideal for
low-angle recording.
Durable, magnesium alloy frame
Photo Search/ Date Search/ Index
The wireless controller included with the XL1s allows
you to quickly locate still photos on a recorded
cassette. Video can be searched based on the date
recorded or by the index mark.
Three Zoom Speeds
ZR-1000 Zoom Remote Controller
C H-910 Dual Battery Charger/Holder
420EX/550EX Speedlite Flash
F U-1000 Monochrome CRT Viewfinder
The XL1s features three zoom speed options: Variable
(pressure controlled) or Low, Medium and Fast.
These apply to the zoom rockers on the handgrip and
the top grip.
Wireless Remote Control
The XL1s kit includes a full function wireless remote
control to manage features during recording and
playback hands free.
LANC Terminal
The LANC terminal permits easy connection of
compatible controllers or the Canon ZR-1000
Remote Control.
Plug and Play!
IEEE 1394 DV Terminal
The XL1s is equipped with a DV IN/OUT terminal
that conforms to IEEE 1394. It takes just a single
digital cable to transfer or copy your videos in pure
digital form to your DV compatible computer or
another Canon DV camcorder. Once you’ve
transferred video images to your computer, you can
edit your movies, stream them over the Internet or
post them on your Web site. Also, you can print them
out on a Canon color printer, transfer them back to
your Canon camcorder and archive them on a Mini
DV cassette, or create a dubbing master.
The Canon XL1s KIT
• XL1s Camcorder Body
• Zoom Lens 16x 5.588 mm IS
• BP-930 Battery Pack
• CA-910 Compact Power
• DC-900 DC Coupler
• SS-1000 Shoulder Strap
• WL-D3000 Wireless
• SP-100 Shoulder Pad
• S-150 S-Video Cable
• STV-150 Stereo Video
• Lens Hood
Optional Creative Shooting Accessories
Building on the modular design of the XL1s, Canon
has a complete range of optional accessories to
enhance every shooting situation.
ZR-1000 Remote Control
This optional wired remote control connects to the
LANC terminal to operate the zoom speed, focus,
recording, data display and other features, and
attaches to most tripod handles.
CH-910 Dual Battery Charger/Holder
Holds two battery packs. Charges them consecutively
and connects directly to the MA-200 adapter for
longer recording time and better balance.
SLR-Style Flash Photography for
Correct Exposure
Attach a Canon Speedlite E-TTL flash (420EX or
550EX) using the optional FA-200 Flash Adapter to
use the XL1s for flash photography, just like you
would with a SLR camera. The camera sets the flash
duration, sending out a pre-exposure flash to ensure
correct exposure before the main flash is sent out.
FU-1000 Monochrome
CRT Viewfinder Unit
With this monochrome CRT viewfinder unit, you can
get more precise focus or detailed information.
The Canon XL1s KIT
MA 200/100
FS-72U Filter Set
3x Extra Wide-Angle Zoom Lens
Manual 16x Zoom Lens
1.6x Extender
EOS Adapter
XL1s Specifications
Power Supply Voltage
Power Consumption
Operating Temperature
Dimensions (W x H x D)
Weight (camera only)
Weight (fully equipped)
Continuous Recording Time
Camera section
Imaging Device
Pixel Count (per CCD)
Colour Separation
Digital Quantization
Signal Composition
Scan Method
Auto Exposure Modes
Shooting Modes
7.2 VDC
Approx. 8.7 W (using autofocus during recording)
0°C to 40°C
Approx. 223 mm x 214 mm x 415 mm
Approx. 1,700 g
Approx. 2,860 g
Approx. 1 h 55 min. with BP-930 battery pack
Approx. 2 h 55 min. with BP-945 battery pack
Approx. 5 h 50 min. with CH-910 and 2x BP-945 battery pack
Magnesium Alloy Casing
3 x 1/3-inch CCD (3 CCD Pixel Shift)
Total 320,000 pixels
Effective 300,000 pixels
Prism and dicroic filter
8-bits A/D
PAL standard colour video signal
625 lines, 50 fields/25 frames
Full auto, auto, spotlight, TV (shutter-priority), AV (aperture-priority),
Field Movie Mode
Frame Movie Mode
Photo (Still) Mode
10 sec. / Remote control 2 sec.
4 modes
TV mode, M mode: 57.7-200 Hz
Photo (Still) image shooting
Recording time
Picture quality adjustment
Custom Preset
Custom Key
Light Metering Method
Minimum Illumination
Shutter Speed (Tv mode)
Slow Shutter
Aperture (Av mode)
AE Level Shifting
AE lock
White Balance
16:9 ratio
Digital Effect
Digital Fade
Zebra pattern
Character Recording
Index recording
Power Save
6.5 sec.
Speedlite 380EX, 420EX, 550EX (with optional FA-200 flash adapter)
10 sec. / Remote control 2 sec.
Colour Gain, Hue, Sharpness, Set-up
Up to 3 types
2 items can be registered among 9 items
Lower center weighted + peak average light metering
56-zone evaluation metering: Spotlight mode
Approx. 2 lux (with XL 5.5-88 mm IS II, and 1/6 sec. Slow shutter)
30 steps 1/6 to 1/16,000 sec.
3 levels 1/30, 1/15, 1/8
28 steps F1.6 to F16 and Close (depending on lens used)
7 steps –3 dB, 0 dB, +6 dB, +12 dB, +18 dB, +30 dB, Auto
13 steps Center ± 6 levels -2.0, -1.5, -0.75, -0.5, -0.25, ±0, +0.25, +0.5,
+0.75, +1.0, +1.5, +2.0
AE lock Button
TTL 64-Zone new white detection method
Auto, Manual Set (3 positions), Preset (5600 k, 3200 k)
Area marker display: Displaying an area maker for 16:9 ratio on the
4:3 ratio screen. Recording mode: Vertical extension mode
Colour bar (EBU), 2x Digital zoom
Black auto fade
Variable levels 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 100%
Year, Month, Day, Hour, Minute, Second.
Photo search, Date search, Index search
Recorded on tape.
Shut-off / VCR stop
Lens Mount Method
Zooming Speed
Handle zoom
Grip zoom
Built-in Filter
Image Stabilization
Filter Diameter
AF (Auto focus)
AF Operating Range
MF (Manual Focus)
Focus Override
One Push AF
Recording Section
Recording Method
Moving image shooting
Interval timer
Clear scan
Image Display
Bayonet mount (XL mount system)
EF Lens (with optional EF adopter XL)
Focal length increases 7.2x for EF-Lens
Tape Speed
Cassette Size
Recording Time
A/V Insert
Time code
Electronic colour viewfinder
0.7-inch TFT colour LCD, approx. 180,000 pixels
2 positions: 23 mm (at eye)
Approx. 68 mm (with sports viewfinder)
Diopter: +2.0 to 5.0 diopter (at eye)
Brightness control: Bright volume of EVF
Colour control: Menu adjustment
On / Partly Off / Off
Consumer digital DVC (SD specifications)
PAL format (625 lines, 50 fields)
Approx. 18.83 mm/sec. (SP mode)
Approx. 12.57 mm/sec. (LP mode)
¼-inch miniDV
66.0 x 48.0 x 12.2 mm
80 min. with 80 min. tape (SP mode)
120 min. with 80 min. tape (LP mode)
Approx. 2 min. 20 sec. (using 60-min. tape)
The tape-recorded with SP mode
Sampling Frequency
Maximum Sensitivity
Signal Level
Recording level and balance
Audio dubbing
XLR audio input
48 kHz/16 bit: 2-ch
32 kHz/12 bit: 4-ch synchro recording is available
-71 dBv
-59 dBv
High-performance MS system stereo electric capacitor
Auto / Manual
12-bit ST1 mode
4-channel: MA-200 (optional)
2-channel: MA-100 (optional)
Signal Input
DV In Signal
Video In
S-Video In
Audio In
IEEE1394-AV/C protocol
Signal level 1 VP-p 75 ohms (composite)
C: 0.3 VP-p/75 ohm
Y: 1.0 VP-p/75 ohm
-11dBv/47 k ohm (LINE),
-35 dBv/600 ohm (MIC ATT)
-55 dBv/600 ohm (MIC), unbalanced
Signal Output
DV Out Signal
Video Out
S-Video Out
Audio Out
IEEE1394-AV/C protocol
Signal level 1 VP-p 75 ohm (composite)
C: 0.3 VP-p/75 ohm
Y: 1.0 VP-p/75 ohm
4 dBm (47 kohm load)/3 k ohms or less, unbalanced
DV Input/Output Terminal
Audio Input Terminals
S-Video Signal Terminal
Video Input/Output Terminals
Audio Input/Output Terminals
External Mic Terminal
Headphone Jack
Mic Power Terminal
Flash Terminal
Edit Terminal
Special 4-pin (IEEE1394 compatible)
RCA terminal jack (L/R) 2 systems
4-pin mini-DIN
RCA pin jack
RCA terminal jack (L/R) 2 systems
3.5 mm dia. Stereo mini-jack
3.5 mm dia. Stereo mini-jack
2.5 mm mini
Special 6-pin
LANC compatible
XL 5.5-88 mm IS II: Variable speed and Constant speed
(3 speed H/M/L)
XL 5.5-88 mm IS II: Constant speed (3 speed H/M/L)
XL 5.5-88 mm IS II: ND-filterTransmission factor 3.1% (1/32, 5 aperture)
On - Off
Super range optical system
72 mm
TTL-video signal detection type AF
Close-up to infinity (depending on lens used)
(2 cm to infinity using XL 5.5-88 mm IS II)
By using lens focus ring when AF is off
Temporary Focus Override without turning the AF off
By pressing one pus AF button when AF is off
* Weight and dimensions shown are approximate. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Canon Inc.
30-2, Shimomaruko 3-Chome,
Ohta-Ku, Tokyo 146-8501, Japan
Europe, Africa and Middle East
Canon Europa N.V.
P.O.Box 2262, 1180 EG Amstelveen,
the Netherlands
English Edition 00XXXXXX
© Canon Europa N.V., 2001 (0901)
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