MiLAN | MIL-SM8TXAF2GPA | User manual | MiLAN MIL-SM8TXAF2GPA User manual

8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/10/100 SFP Combo with
4 PoE Injectors Managed Switch
MIL-SM802GAF
8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit Copper/SFP Combo with 8
PoE Injectors Managed Switch
MIL-SM8TXAF2GPA
User Manual
Rev.1.00
2007-07-13
Regulatory Approval
- FCC Class A
- UL 1950
- CSA C22.2 No. 950
- EN60950
- CE
- EN55022 Class A
- EN55024
Canadian EMI Notice
This Class A digital apparatus meets all the requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations.
Cet appareil numerique de la classe A respecte toutes les exigences du Reglement sur le materiel brouilleur du Canada.
European Notice
Products with the CE Marking comply with both the EMC Directive (89/336/EEC) and the Low Voltage Directive
(73/23/EEC) issued by the Commission of the European Community Compliance with these directives imply conformity to
the following European Norms:
EN55022 (CISPR 22) - Radio Frequency Interference
EN61000-X - Electromagnetic Immunity
EN60950 (IEC950) - Product Safety
Five-Year Limited Warranty
Transition Networks warrants to the original consumer or purchaser that each of it's products,
and all components thereof, will be free from defects in material and/or workmanship for a
period of five years from the original factory shipment date. Any warranty hereunder is
extended to the original consumer or purchaser and is not assignable.
Transition Networks makes no express or implied warranties including, but not limited to, any
implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, except as expressly set
forth in this warranty. In no event shall Transition Networks be liable for incidental or
consequential damages, costs, or expenses arising out of or in connection with the
performance of the product delivered hereunder. Transition Networks will in no case cover
damages arising out of the product being used in a negligent fashion or manner.
Trademarks
The MiLAN logo and Transition Networks trademarks are registered trademarks of Transition Networks in the United
States and/or other countries.
To Contact Transition Networks
For prompt response when calling for service information, have the following information ready:
- Product serial number and revision
- Date of purchase
- Vendor or place of purchase
You can reach Transition Networks technical support at:
E-mail: support@transition.com
Telephone: +1.800.260.1312 x 200
Fax: +1.952.941.2322
Transition Networks
6475 City West Parkway
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
United States of America
Telephone: +1.800.526.9267
Fax: : +1.952.941.2322
http://www.milan.com
info@ Transition.com
© Copyright 2007
Transition Networks
FCC Warning
This Equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class-A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which
can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to
try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class-A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio
interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
Contents
FCC Warning ......................................................................................i
CE Mark Warning...............................................................................ii
Introduction ............................................................................1
Features............................................................................................ 2
Software Feature .............................................................................. 4
Package Contents............................................................................. 7
Hardware Description ............................................................8
Physical Dimension........................................................................... 8
Front Panel ....................................................................................... 8
LED Indicators ................................................................................ 10
Rear Panel...................................................................................... 12
Desktop Installation......................................................................... 13
Attaching Rubber Pads ...................................................................................13
Power On........................................................................................ 13
Network Application ............................................................14
Small Workgroup ............................................................................ 15
Segment Bridge .............................................................................. 16
Console Management ..........................................................18
Login in the Console Interface......................................................... 18
CLI Management ............................................................................ 19
Commands Level ............................................................................................20
Commands Set List .........................................................................................22
System Commands Set...................................................................................22
Port Commands Set ........................................................................................25
i
Trunk Commands Set .....................................................................................27
VLAN Commands Set .....................................................................................29
Spanning Tree Commands Set .......................................................................31
QOS Commands Set.......................................................................................33
IGMP Commands Set .....................................................................................34
Mac / Filter Table Commands Set ...................................................................34
SNMP Commands Set ....................................................................................35
Port Mirroring Commands Set .........................................................................38
802.1x Commands Set....................................................................................38
TFTP Commands Set......................................................................................41
SystemLog, SMTP and Event Commands Set................................................42
SNTP Commands Set .....................................................................................43
X-ring Commands Set .....................................................................................45
Web-Based Management ....................................................46
About Web-based Management...................................................... 46
Preparing for Web Management ..................................................... 46
System Login .................................................................................. 46
System Information ......................................................................... 47
IP Configuration .............................................................................. 48
DHCP Configuration ....................................................................... 49
DHCP Server Configuration ............................................................................50
DHCP Client Entries........................................................................................51
Port and IP Bindings........................................................................................51
TFTP - Update Firmware ................................................................ 52
TFTP - Restore Configuration ......................................................... 53
TFTP - Backup Configuration.......................................................... 53
System Event Log Configuration..................................................... 54
System Event Log - SMTP Configuration........................................ 55
System Event Log - Event Configuration......................................... 56
ii
SNTP Configuration ........................................................................ 58
IP Security ...................................................................................... 61
User Authentication......................................................................... 62
Port Statistics .................................................................................. 63
Port Control..................................................................................... 64
Port Trunk ....................................................................................... 65
Port Trunk - Aggregator setting .......................................................................65
Port Trunk - Aggregator Information................................................................66
Port Trunk - State Activity................................................................................67
Port Mirroring .................................................................................. 68
Rate Limiting................................................................................... 69
VLAN configuration ......................................................................... 70
VLAN configuration - Port-based VLAN ..........................................................71
802.1Q VLAN ..................................................................................................74
802.1Q Configuration...................................................................................75
Group Configuration ....................................................................................76
Rapid Spanning Tree ...................................................................... 77
RSTP - System Configuration .........................................................................77
RSTP - Port Configuration...............................................................................79
SNMP Configuration ....................................................................... 80
System Configuration ......................................................................................80
Trap Configuration...........................................................................................82
SNMPV3 Configuration ...................................................................................82
QoS Configuration .......................................................................... 86
QoS Policy and Priority Type ..........................................................................86
Port Base Priority ............................................................................................88
COS Configuration ..........................................................................................88
TOS Configuration...........................................................................................88
IGMP Configuration ........................................................................ 88
X-Ring............................................................................................. 91
iii
802.1X/Radius Configuration ..........................................................................93
System Configuration ..................................................................................93
802.1x Per Port Configuration .....................................................................94
Misc Configuration .......................................................................................95
MAC Address Table ........................................................................................96
Static MAC Address.....................................................................................96
MAC Filtering ...............................................................................................97
All MAC Addresses......................................................................................98
Power over Ethernet ..................................................................... 100
Factory Default.............................................................................. 101
Save Configuration ....................................................................... 102
System Reboot ............................................................................. 102
Troubleshooting.................................................................103
Incorrect connections .................................................................... 103
Faulty or loose cables.........................................................................103
Non-standard cables ..........................................................................103
Improper Network Topologies.............................................................104
Diagnosing LED Indicators............................................................ 104
Technical Specification .....................................................105
Appendix.............................................................................108
Console Port Pin Assignments...................................................... 108
100BASE-TX/10BASE-T Pin Assignments ................................... 109
RJ-45 Pin Assignment of non-802.3af standard PD with Midspan/Endspan
POE HUB/SWITCH .......................................................................................109
iv
Introduction
Power-over-Ethernet (PoE) eliminates the need to run power to other devices on a
wired LAN. Using Power-over-Ethernet systems installers needs to run only a single
Category 5 Ethernet cable that carries both power and data to each device. This allows
for greater flexibility in the location of network devices and significantly decreasing
installation costs in many cases.
There are two system components in PoE—the Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE)
initiates the connection to the second component, and the Powered Device (PD). The
current is transmitted over two of the four twisted pairs of wires in a Category-5 cable.
Power over Ethernet follows the IEEE 802.3af and is completely compatible with existing
Ethernet switches and networked devices. Because the Power Sourcing Equipment
(PSE) tests whether a networked device is PoE-capable, power is never transmitted
unless a Powered Device is at other end of the cable. It also continues to monitor the
channel. If the Powered Device does not draw a minimum current, because it has been
unplugged or physically turned off, the PSE shuts down the power to that port. Optionally,
the standard permits Powered Devices to signal to the PSEs exactly how much power
they need.
The 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8 PoE Injectors Managed
Switch and the 8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo with 4 PoE
Injectors Managed Switch are the multi-port switches that can be used to build
high-performance switched workgroup networks. Both switches are a store-and-forward
device that offers low latency for high-speed networking. It also features a
“store-and-forward “switching scheme. This allows the switch to auto-learn and store
source address in an 8K-entry MAC address table. The switch is targeted at workgroup,
department or backbone computing environment.
1
Features
System Interface/Performance
RJ-45 ports support Auto MDI/MDI-X Function
Embedded 4-port or 8-port PoE injector function
Store-and-Forward Switching Architecture
Back-plane (Switching Fabric): 5.6Gbps (8 10/100TX + 2 Giga Copper/Mini-GBIC
Combo model)
Back-plane (Switching Fabric): 3.6Gbps (8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000
SFP Combo model)
1Mbits Packet Buffer
8K MAC Address Table
VLAN
Port Based VLAN
Support 802.1 Q Tag VLAN
GVRP
Double Tag VLAN (Q in Q)*
Port Trunk with LACP
8 10/100TX + 2 Giga Copper/Mini-GBIC Combo model supports 802.1ab LLDP**
QoS (Quality of Service)
Support IEEE 802.1p Class of Service
Per port provides 4 priority queues
Port Base, Tag Base and Type of Service Priority
Port Mirror: Monitor traffic in switched networks.
TX Packet only
RX Packet only
Both of TX and RX Packet
Security
Port Security : MAC address entries/filter
IP Security : IP address security management to prevent unauthorized intruder.
Login Security: IEEE802.1X/RADIUS
IGMP with Query mode for Multi Media Application
2
Spanning Tree
Support IEEE802.1d Spanning Tree
Support IEEE802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree
X-ring
X-ring, Dual Homing, and Couple Ring Topology
Provide redundant backup feature and the recovery time below 300ms
Support 802.1ab LLDP **
Bandwidth Control
Ingress Packet Filter and Egress Rate Limit
Broadcast/Multicast Packet Filter Control
System Event Log
System Log Server/Client
SMTP e-mail Alert
SNMP Trap
Device cold start
Authentication failure
X-ring topology changed
Port Link up/Link down
PoE Status *
TFTP Firmware Update and System Configure Restore and Backup
*
Future Release
** Optional
3
Software Feature
SNMP v1
Management
SNMP v2c
SNMP v3
Web/Telnet/Console (CLI)/Menu Driven**
Port based VLAN
IEEE802.1Q Tag VLAN(256 entries) / VLAN ID(Up
VLAN
to 4K, VLAN ID can be assigned from 1 to 4094)
GVRP (256 Groups)
Double Tag VLAN (Q in Q)*
Port Trunk with
LACP Port Trunk: 4 trunk groups of maximum 4
LACP
trunk members
LLDP**
Spanning Tree
Supports LLDP that allows switch to advertise its
identification and capability on the LAN
IEEE802.1d Spanning tree
IEEE802.1w Rapid spanning tree
Supports X-ring, Dual Homing, and Couple Ring
X-ring
Provides redundant backup feature and recovery
time below 300ms
Quality of
The quality of service determined by port, Tag and
service
IPv4 Type of service, IPv4/IPv6 Different Service
Supports IEEE 802.1p Class of Service, per port
Class of Service
provides 4 priority queues
Weight Round Ratio (WRR)
Mid-Low: Low (8:4:2:1)
4
High: Mid-High:
Port Security
Port Mirror
Supports100 entries of MAC address for static
MAC and another 100 for MAC filter
Supports 3 mirroring types: “RX, TX and Both
packet”
Supports IGMP snooping v1 and v2
IGMP
256 multicast groups
IGMP query mode
Supports 10 IP addresses that have permission to
IP Security
access the switch management to prevent
unauthorized intruder
Supports ingress packet filter and egress packet
limit
The egress rate control supports all of packet type
and the limit rates are 100Kbps (10/100) and
Bandwidth
Control
256Mbps (1000)
Ingress filter packet type combination rules are
Broadcast/Multicast/Unknown Unicast packet,
Broadcast/Multicast packet, Broadcast only and all
of packet
The packet filter rate can be set as 100Kbps
(10/100) and 256Mbps (1000)
User
Supports IEEE802.1x User Authentication and can
Authentication
report to RADIUS server
Flow Control
Supports Flow Control for Full-duplex and Back
Pressure for Half-duplex
5
System log
SMTP
Supports System log record and remote system
log server
Supports SMTP Server and 6 email accounts for
receiving event alert
Up to 3 Trap stations
SNMP Trap
Cold start, Port link down, Port link up,
authorization failure, PoE status, X-ring topology
change
DHCP
DNS
SNTP
Firmware
Upgrade
Configuration
Upload and
Download
*
DHCP Client
DHCP Server
Provides DNS client feature and supports Primary
and Secondary DNS server
Supports Simple Network Time Protocol to
synchronize system clock in Internet
Supports TFTP firmware upgrade
Supports binary format configuration file for system
quick installation (TFTP backup and restore)
Future Release
** Optional
6
Package Contents
Unpack the contents of the 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8
PoE Injectors Managed Switch or 8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo
with 4 PoE Injectors Managed Switch then verify them against the checklist below:
(1) 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8 PoE Injectors
Managed Switch or
(1) 8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo
with 4 PoE Injectors Managed Switch
(4) Rubber Pads
(1) RS-232 cable
(1) Power Cord
(1) User Manual
or
8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP
Combo with 4 PoE Injectors Managed Switch
Switch
8 10/100TX plus 2 Gigabit copper/MINI-GBIC
Combo with 8 PoE Injectors Managed
Rubber Pads
RS-232 cable
Power Cord
User Manual
Compare the contents of the package with the standard checklist above. If any item is
missing or damaged, please contact the local dealer for exchanging.
7
Hardware Description
This section mainly describes the hardware of the PoE Injector Managed Switch and
gives a physical and functional overview on the certain switch.
Physical Dimension
(MIL-SM802GAF) 8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo with 4 PoE
Injectors Managed Switch’s physical dimensions is 217mm(W) x 140mm(D) x
43mm(H).
(MIL-SM8TXAF2GPA) 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8 PoE
Injectors Managed Switch’s physical dimensions is 270mm(W) x 210mm(D) x
44mm(H).
Front Panel
The front panel of the 8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo with 4 PoE
Injectors Managed Switch consists of 8 x 10/100Base-TX RJ-45 Ethernet ports (Auto
MDI/MDIX), 1 Giga port and 1 Mini-GBIC ports. The LED Indicators are also located on
the front panel of the switch.
The Front panel of the 8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo with 4 PoE Injectors Managed
Switch
8
RJ-45 Ports: 8 x 10/100 N-way auto-sensing for 10Base-T or 100Base-TX
connections. Ports 1 ~ 4 are general 10/100Base-TX Ethernet ports; Ports 5 ~ 8 are
for Data in/out and Power out.
In general, MDI means connecting to another Hub or Switch while MDIX means
connecting to a workstation or PC. Therefore, Auto MDI/MDIX would allow the unit
to connect to another switch or workstation without changing non-crossover or
crossover cabling.
1 Giga port: 1 x 10/100/1000TX N-Way auto-sensing for 10/100/1000 connection.
1 Mini-GBIC (SFP) port: 1 mini-GBIC port for Gigabit fiber connection (100/1000).
The front panel of the 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8 PoE
Injectors Managed Switch consists of 8 x 10/100Base-TX RJ-45 Ethernet ports (Auto
MDI/MDIX), 2 Giga port and 2 Mini-GBIC ports. The LED Indicators are also located on
the front panel of the switch.
The Front panel of the 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8 PoE Injectors Managed
Switch
RJ-45 Ports: 8 x 10/100 N-way auto-sensing for 10Base-T or 100Base-TX
connections. Moreover, these ports also supply power for PDs.
In general, MDI means connecting to another Hub or Switch while MDIX means
connecting to a workstation or PC. Therefore, Auto MDI/MDIX would allow
connecting to another switch or workstation without changing non-crossover or
crossover cabling.
2 Gigabit Ethernet port: 2 x 10/100/1000TX N-Way auto-sensing for 10/100/1000
connection.
2 Mini-GBIC port: 2 mini-GBIC ports for Gigabit or 100M fiber connection.
9
LED Indicators
The LED Indicators display real-time information of systematic operation status. The
following table provides descriptions of LED status and their meaning.
The LED indicators description of 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit Copper/Mini-GBIC Combo model
(MIL-SM8TXAF2GPA)
LED
Status
Description
Green
Power On
OFF
No power inputs
Power
Green
FWD (port 1~8)
OFF
1000M
(RJ45 port 9~10)
Green
OFF
Green
LK/ACT (port 1~ 10)
Blinking
The port is supplying power to the
connected powered-device
No powered device attached or power
supplying failed
The port is operating at speed of 1000M
The port is disconnected or not operating
at speed of 1000M
Connected to network
Networking is active
OFF
Not connected to network
Green
The port is operating at speed of 100M
100M
OFF
The port is disconnected or not operating
at speed of 100M
10
Green
Connected to network
Blinking
Networking is active
OFF
Not connected to network
LK/ACT
(MINI GBIC 9, 10)
The LED indicators description of 8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo model
(MIL-SM802GAF)
LED
Status
Description
Green
Power On
OFF
No power inputs
Green
The port is operating at speed of 1000M
Power
COPPER 1000M
OFF
Green
LNK/ACT
(port 1~ 9)
SFP
FWD (port 5~8)
Blinking
The port is disconnected or not operating
at speed of 1000M
Connected to network
Networking is active
OFF
Not connected to network
Green
Connected to network
Blinking
Networking is active
OFF
Not connected to network
Green
The port is supplying power to the
connected powered-device
11
OFF
Green
100M
OFF
FDX/COL (port 1~8)
No powered device attached or power
supplying failed
The port is operating at speed of 100M
The port is disconnected or not operating
at speed of 100M
Orange
Full duplex
Blinking
Collision of packets occurs
OFF
Half duplex or not connected to network
Rear Panel
The 3-pronged power plug is located on the rear panel of the 8 10/100TX + 1
10/100/1000/100/1000 SFP Combo with 4 PoE Injectors Managed Switch as shown
below. The switch will work with AC in the voltage range of AC 100-240V with Frequency
of 50-60Hz.
The Rear Panel of the 8 10/100TX + 1 10/100/1000/100/1000 SFP Combo with 4 PoE Injectors Managed
Switch (MIL-SM802GAF)
The 3-pronged power plug and terminal block are located on the rear panel of the 8
10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8 PoE Injectors Managed Switch as
shown below. The switch will work with AC in the voltage range of AC 100-240V with
12
Frequency of 50-60Hz, or work with DC 48V which is the redundant power supply for the
switch.
The Rear Panel of the 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/ MINI GBIC Combo with 8 PoE Injector Managed Switch
(MIL-SM8TXAF2GPA)
Desktop Installation
Set the switch on a sufficiently large flat space with a power outlet nearby. The surface
where you put the switch should be clean, smooth, level and sturdy. Make sure there is
enough clearance around the switch to allow attachment of cables, power cord and allow
air circulation.
Attaching Rubber Pads
A.
Make sure mounting surface on the bottom of the switch is grease and dust free.
B.
Remove adhesive backing from your Rubber Pads.
C. Apply the Rubber Pads to each corner on the bottom of the switch. These footpads
can prevent the switch from shock/vibration.
Power On
Connect the power cord to the power socket on the rear panel of the switch. The other
side of power cord connects to the power outlet. The internal power supply of the switch
works with voltage range of AC in the 100-240VAC/ Frequency of 50~60Hz, or the
redundant power of DC 48V for 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8
PoE Injectors Managed Switch. Check the power indicator on the front panel to see if
power is properly supplied.
13
Network Application
This section provides a few samples of network topology in which the switch is used. In
general, the PoE Injector Managed Switch is designed as a segment switch which has
large address table (8k MAC addresses) and high performance to deal with
interconnecting networking segments.
PC, workstations, and servers can communicate each other by directly connecting with
PoE injector Managed Switch. The switch automatically learns nodes addresses, which
are subsequently used to filter and forward all traffic based on the destination address.
Using the uplink port (Giga Combo port), the switch can connect with another switch or
hub to interconnect other small-switched workgroups to form a larger switched network.
Meanwhile, user can also use fiber ports to connect switches. The PoE switch also
injects power into the UTP cables for supplying the power that PDs (Power Devices)
need.
The Power over Ethernet Switch can provide power to PDs that follow the IEEE 802.3af
standard in the network. It can solve the problem of position limitation. The network
devices can be installed in more appropriate position for better performance. The
following figure is an example of network application for Power over Ethernet Switch.
14
Power over Ethernet Switch network application
Small Workgroup
The PoE Injector Managed Switch can be used as a standalone switch to which personal
computers, server, printer server, are directly connected to form a small workgroup.
15
Small Workgroup application
Segment Bridge
For enterprise networks where large data broadcasts are constantly processed, this
switch is an ideal solution for department users to connect to the corporate backbone.
In the illustration below, two Ethernet switches with PCs, print server, and local server
attached, are both connected to the switch. All the devices in this network can
communicate with each other through the switch. Connecting servers to the switch
allows other users to access the data on server.
16
Segment Bridge application
17
Console Management
Login in the Console Interface
When the connection between switch and PC is ready, turn on the PC and run a terminal
emulation program or Hyper Terminal and configure its communication parameters to
match the following default characteristics of the console port:
Baud Rate: 9600 bps
Data Bits: 8
Parity: none
Stop Bit: 1
Flow control: None
The settings of communication parameters
After finishing the parameter settings, click “OK“. When the blank screen shows up,
press Enter key to bring out the login prompt. Key in the ‘root’ (default value) for both
User name and Password (use Enter key to toggle), then hit Enter key and the console
management appears right after. Please see the figure below for login screen.
18
Console login screen
CLI Management
The system supports console management – CLI command. After you login to the
system, you will see a command prompt. To enter CLI management interface, enter
“enable” command. The following table lists the CLI commands and description.
19
CLI command interface
Commands Level
Modes
Access
Method
Prompt
Exit
Method
About This Mode1
The user commands
available at the user
level are a subset of
User
EXEC
Begin a
session with
switch>
your switch.
Enter
those available at the
logout or
privileged level.
quit.
Use this mode to
• Perform basic tests.
• Display system
information.
Enter the
Privileged
enable
EXEC
command
Enter
switch#
disable to
exit.
while in user
20
The privileged
command is in
advanced mode
Privileged this mode
EXEC mode.
to
• Display advanced
function status
• Save configuration
Global
Configura
tion
Enter the
To exit to
configure
privileged
Use this mode to
command
switch
EXEC
configure parameters
while in
(config)#
mode,
that apply to your
privileged
enter exit or
switch as a whole.
EXEC mode.
end
Enter the vlan
database
To exit to
Use this mode to
VLAN
command
switch
user EXEC
configure
database
while in
(vlan)#
mode,
VLAN-specific
enter exit.
parameters.
privileged
EXEC mode.
To exit to
Interface
configurat
ion
Enter the
global
interface
configuratio
command
(with a specific
interface)
while in global
switch
(config-if)
#
n mode,
Use this mode to
enter exit.
configure parameters
To exist to
for the switch and
privileged
Ethernet ports.
configuration
EXEC
mode
mode, or
end.
21
Commands Set List
User EXEC
E
Privileged EXEC
P
Global configuration
G
VLAN database
V
I
Interface configuration
System Commands Set
Commands
show config
Level Description
E
Show switch
Example
switch>show config
configuration
show terminal
P
Show console
switch#show terminal
information
write memory
P
Save user
switch#write memory
configuration into
permanent memory
(flash rom)
system name
G
[System Name]
system location
G
G
[System Description]
system contact
G
[System Contact]
show system-info
switch(config)#system name xxx
name
[System Location]
system description
Configure system
Set switch system
switch(config)#system location
location string
xxx
Set switch system
switch(config)#system
description string
description xxx
Set switch system
switch(config)#system contact
contact window string xxx
E
Show system
switch>show system-info
information
ip address
[Ip-address]
G
Configure the IP
switch(config)#ip address
address of switch
192.168.16.1 255.255.255.0
[Subnet-mask]
192.168.16.254
22
[Gateway]
ip dhcp
G
Enable DHCP client
switch(config)#ip dhcp
function of switch
show ip
P
Show IP information of switch#show ip
switch
no ip dhcp
G
Disable DHCP client
switch(config)#no ip dhcp
function of switch
reload
G
Halt and perform a cold
restart
switch(config)#reload
default
G
Restore to default
switch(config)#default
admin username
G
Changes a login
switch(config)#admin username
username.
xxxxxx
[Username]
(maximum 10 words)
admin password
G
[Password]
show admin
P
Specifies a password switch(config)#admin password
(maximum 10 words)
xxxxxx
Show administrator
switch#show admin
information
dhcpserver enable
G
Enable DHCP Server switch(config)#dhcpserver enable
Dhcpserver disable
G
Disable DHCP Server switch(config)#no dhcpserver
dhcpserver lowip
G
Configure low IP
switch(config)#dhcpserver lowip
address for IP pool
192.168.1.100
Configure high IP
switch(config)#dhcpserver highip
address for IP pool
192.168.1.200
Configure subnet
switch(config)#dhcpserver
[Low IP]
dhcpserver highip
G
[High IP]
dhcpserver subnetmask
G
[Subnet mask]
dhcpserver gateway
mask for DHCP clients subnetmask 255.255.255.0
G
[Gateway]
dhcpserver dnsip
G
[DNS IP]
dhcpserver leasetime
G
[Hours]
dhcpserver ipbinding
I
Configure gateway for switch(config)#dhcpserver
DHCP clients
gateway 192.168.1.254
Configure DNS IP for
switch(config)#dhcpserver dnsip
DHCP clients
192.168.1.1
Configure lease time
switch(config)#dhcpserver
(in hour)
leasetime 1
Set static IP for DHCP switch(config)#interface
23
[IP address]
clients by port
fastEthernet 2
switch(config)#dhcpserver
ipbinding 192.168.1.1
show dhcpserver
P
configuration
show dhcpserver clients
Show configuration of switch#show dhcpserver
DHCP server
P
configuration
Show client entries of switch#show dhcpserver clients
DHCP server
show dhcpserver
P
ip-binding
Show IP-Binding
switch#show dhcpserver
information of DHCP
ip-binding
server
no dhcpserver
G
Disable DHCP server switch(config)#no dhcpserver
function
security enable
G
Enable IP security
switch(config)#security enable
function
security http
G
Enable IP security of
switch(config)#security http
HTTP server
security telnet
G
Enable IP security of
switch(config)#security telnet
telnet server
security ip
G
Set the IP security list switch(config)#security ip 1
[Index(1..10)] [IP
192.168.1.55
Address]
show security
P
Show the information
switch#show security
of IP security
no security
G
Disable IP security
switch(config)#no security
function
no security http
G
Disable IP security of
switch(config)#no security http
HTTP server
no security telnet
G
Disable IP security of
telnet server
24
switch(config)#no security telnet
Port Commands Set
Commands
interface fastEthernet
Level Description
G
[Portid]
duplex
I
[full | half]
Example
Choose the port for
switch(config)#interface
modification.
fastEthernet 2
Use the duplex
switch(config)#interface
configuration
fastEthernet 2
command to specify
switch(config-if)#duplex full
the duplex mode of
operation for Fast
Ethernet.
speed
I
[10|100|1000|auto]
Use the speed
switch(config)#interface
configuration
fastEthernet 2
command to specify
switch(config-if)#speed 100
the speed mode of
operation for Fast
Ethernet., the speed
can’t be set to 1000 if
the port isn’t a giga
port..
no flowcontrol
I
Disable flow control of switch(config-if)#no flowcontrol
interface
security enable
I
Enable security of
switch(config)#interface
interface
fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#security enable
no security
I
Disable security of
switch(config)#interface
interface
fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#no security
bandwidth type all
I
Set interface ingress
switch(config)#interface
limit frame type to
fastEthernet 2
‘accept all frame’
switch(config-if)#bandwidth type
all
25
bandwidth type
I
Set interface ingress
switch(config)#interface
broadcast-multicast-floo
limit frame type to
fastEthernet 2
ded-unicast
‘accept broadcast,
switch(config-if)#bandwidth type
multicast, and flooded broadcast-multicast-flooded-uni
bandwidth type
I
broadcast-multicast
unicast frame’
cast
Set interface ingress
switch(config)#interface
limit frame type to
fastEthernet 2
‘accept broadcast and switch(config-if)#bandwidth type
bandwidth type
I
broadcast-only
bandwidth in
multicast frame’
broadcast-multicast
Set interface ingress
switch(config)#interface
limit frame type to ‘only fastEthernet 2
I
[Value]
accept broadcast
switch(config-if)#bandwidth type
frame’
broadcast-only
Set interface input
switch(config)#interface
bandwidth. Rate
fastEthernet 2
Range is from 100
switch(config-if)#bandwidth in 100
kbps to 102400 kbps
or to 256000 kbps for
giga ports,
and zero means no
limit.
bandwidth out
Set interface output
switch(config)#interface
[Value]
bandwidth. Rate
fastEthernet 2
Range is from 100
switch(config-if)#bandwidth out
kbps to 102400 kbps
100
or to 256000 kbps for
giga ports,
and zero means no
limit.
show bandwidth
I
Show interfaces
switch(config)#interface
bandwidth control
fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#show bandwidth
26
state
I
[Enable | Disable]
Use the state interface switch(config)#interface
fastEthernet 2
configuration
command to specify
switch(config-if)#state Disable
the state mode of
operation for Ethernet
ports. Use the disable
form of this command
to disable the port.
show interface
I
configuration
show interface
switch(config)#interface
configuration status
fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#show interface
configuration
show interface status
I
show interface actual
switch(config)#interface
status
fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#show interface status
show interface
I
accounting
show interface statistic switch(config)#interface
fastEthernet 2
counter
switch(config-if)#show interface
accounting
no accounting
I
Clear interface
switch(config)#interface
accounting information fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#no accounting
Trunk Commands Set
Commands
aggregator priority
Level Description
G
[1~65535]
aggregator activityport
G
Example
Set port group system switch(config)#aggregator priority
priority
22
Set activity port
switch(config)#aggregator
[Group ID]
activityport 2
[Port Numbers]
aggregator group
G
Assign a trunk group
27
switch(config)#aggregator group
[GroupID] [Port-list]
with LACP active.
1 1-4 lacp workp 2
lacp
[GroupID] :1~4
or
workp
[Port-list]:Member port switch(config)#aggregator group
[Workport]
list, This parameter
2 1,4,3 lacp workp 3
could be a port
range(ex.1-4) or a port
list separate by a
comma(ex.2, 3, 6)
[Workport]: The
amount of work ports,
this value could not be
less than zero or be
large than the amount
of member ports.
aggregator group
G
Assign a static trunk
switch(config)#aggregator group
[GroupID] [Port-list]
group.
1 2-4 nolacp
nolacp
[GroupID] :1~4
or
[Port-list]:Member port switch(config)#aggregator group
list, This parameter
1 3,1,2 nolacp
could be a port
range(ex.1-4) or a port
list separate by a
comma(ex.2, 3, 6)
show aggregator
P
Show the information
switch#show aggregator 1
of trunk group
or
switch#show aggregator 2
or
switch#show aggregator 3
no aggregator lacp
G
[GroupID]
no aggregator group
Disable the LACP
switch(config)#no aggreator lacp
function of trunk group 1
G
Remove a trunk group switch(config)#no aggreator
[GroupID]
group 2
28
VLAN Commands Set
Commands
vlan database
Level Description
P
Example
Enter VLAN configure switch#vlan database
mode
Vlanmode
V
[portbase| 802.1q |
To set switch VLAN
switch(vlan)#vlanmode portbase
mode.
or
gvrp]
switch(vlan)#vlanmode 802.1q
or
switch(vlan)#vlanmode gvrp
no vlan
V
No VLAN
Switch(vlan)#no vlan
Ported based VLAN configuration
vlan port-based
V
grpname
Add new port based
switch(vlan)#vlan port-based
VALN
grpname test grpid 2 port 2-4
[Group Name]
or
grpid
switch(vlan)#vlan port-based
[GroupID]
grpname test grpid 2 port 2,3,4
port
[PortNumbers]
show vlan [GroupID]
or
show vlan
no vlan group
[GroupID]
V
Show VLAN
switch(vlan)#show vlan 23
information
V
Delete port base group switch(vlan)#no vlan group 2
ID
IEEE 802.1Q VLAN
vlan 8021q name
[GroupName]
vid
[VID]
V
Change the name of
switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q name
VLAN group, if the
test vid 22
group didn’t exist, this
command can’t be
applied.
vlan 8021q port
[PortNumber]
access-link untag
[UntaggedVID]
V
Assign a access link
switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q port 3
for VLAN by port, if the access-link untag 33
29
port belong to a trunk
group, this command
can’t be applied.
vlan 8021q port
[PortNumber]
trunk-link tag
[TaggedVID List]
vlan 8021q port
[PortNumber]
hybrid-link untag
[UntaggedVID]
tag
[TaggedVID List]
V
Assign a trunk link for switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q port 3
VLAN by port, if the
trunk-link tag 2,3,6,99
port belong to a trunk or
V
group, this command
switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q port 3
can’t be applied.
trunk-link tag 3-20
Assign a hybrid link for switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q port 3
VLAN by port, if the
hybrid-link untag 4 tag 3,6,8
port belong to a trunk or
vlan 8021q trunk
[PortNumber]
access-link untag
[UntaggedVID]
V
vlan 8021q trunk
[PortNumber]
trunk-link tag
V
group, this command
switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q port 3
can’t be applied.
hybrid-link untag 5 tag 6-8
Assign a access link
switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q trunk 3
for VLAN by trunk
access-link untag 33
group
Assign a trunk link for switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q trunk 3
VLAN by trunk group
trunk-link tag 2,3,6,99
or
[TaggedVID List]
switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q trunk 3
trunk-link tag 3-20
vlan 8021q trunk
[PortNumber]
hybrid-link untag
[UntaggedVID]
tag
[TaggedVID List]
V
Assign a hybrid link for switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q trunk 3
VLAN by trunk group
hybrid-link untag 4 tag 3,6,8
or
switch(vlan)#vlan 8021q trunk 3
hybrid-link untag 5 tag 6-8
show vlan [GroupID]
or
show vlan
no vlan group
[GroupID]
V
Show VLAN
switch(vlan)#show vlan 23
information
V
Delete port base group switch(vlan)#no vlan group 2
ID
30
Spanning Tree Commands Set
Commands
spanning-tree enable
Level Description
G
Example
Enable spanning tree switch(config)#spanning-tree
enable
spanning-tree priority
G
switch(config)#spanning-tree
tree priority parameter priority 32767
[0~61440]
spanning-tree max-age
Configure spanning
G
[seconds]
Use the spanning-tree switch(config)#spanning-tree
max-age global
max-age 15
configuration
command to change
the interval between
messages the
spanning tree receives
from the root switch. If
a switch does not
receive a bridge
protocol data unit
(BPDU) message from
the root switch within
this interval, it
recomputed the
Spanning Tree
Protocol (STP)
topology.
spanning-tree
G
hello-time [seconds]
Use the spanning-tree switch(config)#spanning-tree
hello-time global
hello-time 3
configuration
command to specify
the interval between
hello bridge protocol
data units (BPDUs).
spanning-tree
G
Use the spanning-tree switch(config)#spanning-tree
31
forward-time [seconds]
forward-time global
forward-time 20
configuration
command to set the
forwarding-time for the
specified
spanning-tree
instances. The
forwarding time
determines how long
each of the listening
and
stp-path-cost
I
[1~200000000]
learning states last
before the port begins
forwarding.
Use the spanning-tree switch(config)#interface
cost interface
fastEthernet 2
configuration
switch(config-if)#stp-path-cost 20
command to set the
path cost for Spanning
Tree
Protocol (STP)
calculations. In the
event of a loop,
spanning tree
considers the path
cost when selecting
an interface to place
into the forwarding
state.
stp-path-priority
[Port Priority]
I
Use the spanning-tree switch(config)#interface
port-priority interface
fastEthernet 2
configuration
switch(config-if)#stp-path-priority
command to configure 128
32
a port priority that
is used when two
switches tie for
position as the root
switch.
stp-admin-p2p
I
[Auto|True|False]
Admin P2P of STP
switch(config)#interface
priority on this
fastEthernet 2
interface.
switch(config-if)#stp-admin-p2p
Auto
stp-admin-edge
I
[True|False]
Admin Edge of STP
switch(config)#interface
priority on this
fastEthernet 2
interface.
switch(config-if)#stp-admin-edge
True
stp-admin-non-stp
I
[True|False]
Admin NonSTP of STP switch(config)#interface
priority on this
fastEthernet 2
interface.
switch(config-if)#stp-admin-non-s
tp False
show spanning-tree
E
Displays a summary of switch>show spanning-tree
the spanning-tree
states.
no spanning-tree
G
Disable spanning-tree. switch(config)#no spanning-tree
QOS Commands Set
Commands
qos policy
Level Description
G
[weighted-fair|strict]
qos prioritytype
G
[port-based|cos-only|tos
Example
Select QOS policy
switch(config)#qos policy
scheduling
weighted-fair
Setting of QOS priority switch(config)#qos prioritytype
type
-only|cos-first|tos-first]
qos priority portbased
[Port]
[lowest|low|middle|high]
G
Configure Port-based switch(config)#qos priority
portbased 1 low
Priority
33
qos priority cos
[Priority][lowest|low|mid
dle|high]
qos priority tos
G
Configure COS Priority switch(config)#qos priority cos 0
middle
G
Configure TOS Priority switch(config)#qos priority tos 3
high
P
Displays the
[Priority][lowest|low|mid
dle|high]
show qos
Switch#show qos
information of QoS
configuration
no qos
G
Disable QoS function
switch(config)#no qos
IGMP Commands Set
Commands
igmp enable
Level Description
G
Enable IGMP
Example
switch(config)#igmp enable
snooping function
Igmp-query auto
G
Set IGMP query to
switch(config)#Igmp-query auto
auto mode
Igmp-query force
G
Set IGMP query to
switch(config)#Igmp-query force
force mode
show igmp
P
configuration
Displays the details of switch#show igmp configuration
an IGMP
configuration.
show igmp multi
P
Displays the details of switch#show igmp multi
an IGMP snooping
entries.
no igmp
G
Disable IGMP
switch(config)#no igmp
snooping function
no igmp-query
G
Disable IGMP query
switch#no igmp-query
Mac / Filter Table Commands Set
Commands
mac-address-table static
Level Description
I
Configure MAC
34
Example
switch(config)#interface
hwaddr
address table of
fastEthernet 2
[MAC]
interface (static).
switch(config-if)#mac-address-tab
le static hwaddr 000012345678
mac-address-table filter
G
hwaddr
Configure MAC
switch(config)#mac-address-table
address table(filter)
filter hwaddr 000012348678
[MAC]
show mac-address-table
P
Show all MAC address switch#show mac-address-table
table
show mac-address-table
P
static
show mac-address-table
P
filter
no mac-address-table
I
Show static MAC
switch#show mac-address-table
address table
static
Show filter MAC
switch#show mac-address-table
address table.
filter
Remove an entry of
switch(config)#interface
static hwaddr
MAC address table of fastEthernet 2
[MAC]
interface (static)
switch(config-if)#no
mac-address-table static hwaddr
000012345678
no mac-address-table
G
Remove an entry of
switch(config)#no
filter hwaddr
MAC address table
mac-address-table filter hwaddr
[MAC]
(filter)
000012348678
no mac-address-table
G
Remove dynamic entry switch(config)#no
of MAC address table mac-address-table
SNMP Commands Set
Commands
snmp system-name
Level Description
G
[System Name]
snmp system-location
G
[System Location]
snmp system-contact
[System Contact]
G
Example
Set SNMP agent
switch(config)#snmp
system name
system-name l2switch
Set SNMP agent
switch(config)#snmp
system location
system-location lab
Set SNMP agent
switch(config)#snmp
system contact
system-contact where
35
snmp agent-mode
G
[v1v2c|v3|v1v2cv3]
snmp
Select the agent mode switch(config)#snmp agent-mode
v1v2cv3
of SNMP
G
community-strings
Add SNMP community switch(config)#snmp
community-strings public right
string.
[Community]
rw
right
[RO/RW]
snmp-server host
G
Configure SNMP
switch(config)#snmp-server host
[IP address]
server host information 192.168.1.50 community public
community
and community string trap-version v1
[Community-string]
(remove)
trap-version
Switch(config)#
[v1|v2c]
no snmp-server host
192.168.1.50
snmpv3 context-name
G
[Context Name ]
Configure the context switch(config)#snmpv3
name
context-name Test
Configure the
switch(config)#snmpv3 user
[User Name]
userprofile for
test01 group G1 password
group
SNMPV3 agent.
AuthPW PrivPW
[Group Name]
Privacy password
password
could be empty.
snmpv3 user
G
[Authentication
Password] [Privacy
Password]
snmpv3 access
G
Configure the access
switch(config)#snmpv3 access
context-name [Context
table of SNMPV3
context-name Test group G1
Name ]
agent
security-level AuthPriv
group
match-rule Exact views V1 V1 V1
[Group Name ]
security-level
[NoAuthNoPriv|AuthNoP
riv|AuthPriv]
36
match-rule
[Exact|Prifix]
views
[Read View Name] [Write
View Name] [Notify View
Name]
snmpv3 mibview view
G
Configure the mibview switch(config)#snmpv3 mibview
[View Name]
table of SNMPV3
view V1 type Excluded sub-oid
type
agent
1.3.6.1
Show SNMP
switch#show snmp
[Excluded|Included]
sub-oid
[OID]
show snmp
P
configuration
no snmp
G
community-strings
Remove the specified switch(config)#no snmp
community.
community-strings public
Remove the SNMP
switch(config)#no snmp-server
server host.
192.168.1.50
[Community]
no snmp-server host
G
[Host-address]
no snmpv3 user
G
[User Name]
Remove specified user switch(config)#no snmpv3 user
of SNMPv3 agent.
Test
Remove specified
switch(config)#no snmpv3 access
context-name [Context
access table of
context-name Test group G1
Name ]
SNMPv3 agent.
security-level AuthPr
no snmpv3 access
G
group
iv match-rule Exact views V1 V1
[Group Name ]
V1
security-level
[NoAuthNoPriv|AuthNoP
riv|AuthPriv]
match-rule
[Exact|Prifix]
views
37
[Read View Name] [Write
View Name] [Notify View
Name]
no snmpv3 mibview
G
Remove specified
switch(config)#no snmpv3
view
mibview table of
mibview view V1 type Excluded
[View Name]
SNMPV3 agent.
sub-oid 1.3.6.1
type
[Excluded|Included]
sub-oid
[OID]
Port Mirroring Commands Set
Commands
monitor rx
Level Description
G
Set RX destination
Example
switch(config)#monitor rx
port of monitor function
monitor tx
G
Set TX destination port switch(config)#monitor tx
of monitor function
show monitor
P
Show port monitor
switch#show monitor
information
monitor
I
[RX|TX|Both]
Configure source port switch(config)#interface
of monitor function
fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#monitor RX
show monitor
I
Show port monitor
switch(config)#interface
information
fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#show monitor
no monitor
I
Disable source port of switch(config)#interface
monitor function
fastEthernet 2
switch(config-if)#no monitor
802.1x Commands Set
Commands
Level Description
38
Example
8021x enable
G
Use the 802.1x global switch(config)# 8021x enable
configuration
command to enable
802.1x protocols.
8021x system radiusip
G
[IP address]
Use the 802.1x system switch(config)# 8021x system
radius IP global
radiusip 192.168.1.1
configuration
command to change
the radius server IP.
8021x system serverport
G
[port ID]
Use the 802.1x system switch(config)# 8021x system
server port global
serverport 1815
configuration
command to change
the radius server port
8021x system
G
Use the 802.1x system switch(config)# 8021x system
accountport
account port global
[port ID]
configuration
accountport
1816
command to change
the accounting port
8021x system sharekey
G
[ID]
Use the 802.1x system switch(config)# 8021x system
share key global
sharekey 123456
configuration
command to change
the shared key value.
8021x system nasid
[words]
G
Use the 802.1x system switch(config)# 8021x system
nasid global
configuration
command to change
the NAS ID
39
nasid test1
8021x misc quietperiod
G
[sec.]
Use the 802.1x misc
switch(config)# 8021x misc
quiet period global
quietperiod 10
configuration
command to specify
the quiet period value
of the switch.
8021x misc txperiod
G
[sec.]
Use the 802.1x misc
switch(config)# 8021x misc
TX period global
txperiod 5
configuration
command to set the
TX period.
8021x misc
G
supportimeout [sec.]
Use the 802.1x misc
switch(config)# 8021x misc
supp timeout global
supportimeout 20
configuration
command to set the
supplicant timeout.
8021x misc
servertimeout
G
[sec.]
Use the 802.1x misc
switch(config)#8021x misc
server timeout global
servertimeout 20
configuration
command to set the
server timeout.
8021x misc maxrequest
G
[number]
Use the 802.1x misc
switch(config)# 8021x misc
max request global
maxrequest 3
configuration
command to set the
MAX requests.
8021x misc
G
reauthperiod [sec.]
Use the 802.1x misc
switch(config)# 8021x misc
reauth period global
reauthperiod 3000
configuration
command to set the
reauth period.
8021x portstate
I
Use the 802.1x port
40
switch(config)#interface
[disable | reject | accept |
state interface
fastethernet 3
authorize]
configuration
switch(config-if)#8021x portstate
command to set the
accept
state of the selected
port.
show 8021x
E
Displays a summary of switch>show 8021x
the 802.1x properties
and also the port
sates.
no 8021x
G
Disable 802.1x
switch(config)#no 8021x
function
TFTP Commands Set
Commands
backup
Level Description
G
flash:backup_cfg
Defaults Example
Save configuration to
switch(config)#backup
TFTP and need to
flash:backup_cfg
specify the IP of TFTP
server and the file name
of image.
restore flash:restore_cfg
G
Get configuration from
switch(config)#restore
TFTP server and need to flash:restore_cfg
specify the IP of TFTP
server and the file name
of image.
upgrade
flash:upgrade_fw
G
Upgrade firmware by
switch(config)#upgrade
TFTP and need to
lash:upgrade_fw
specify the IP of TFTP
server and the file name
of image.
41
SystemLog, SMTP and Event Commands Set
Commands
systemlog ip
Level Description
G
[IP address]
systemlog mode
Set System log server switch(config)# systemlog ip
IP address.
G
Example
192.168.1.100
Specified the log mode switch(config)# systemlog mode
both
[client|server|both]
show systemlog
E
Displays system log.
Switch>show systemlog
show systemlog
P
Show system log client switch#show systemlog
& server information
no systemlog
G
Disable systemlog
switch(config)#no systemlog
functon
smtp enable
G
Enable SMTP function switch(config)#smtp enable
smtp serverip
G
Configure SMTP
switch(config)#smtp serverip
server IP
192.168.1.5
Enable SMTP
switch(config)#smtp
authentication
authentication
Configure
switch(config)#smtp account User
[IP address]
smtp authentication
smtp account
G
G
[account]
smtp password
authentication account
G
[password]
Configure
switch(config)#smtp password
authentication
password
smtp rcptemail
G
[Index] [Email address]
show smtp
P
Configure Rcpt e-mail switch(config)#smtp rcptemail 1
Address
Alert@test.com
Show the information
switch#show smtp
of SMTP
no smtp
G
Disable SMTP function switch(config)#no smtp
event device-cold-start
G
Set cold start event
switch(config)#event
type
device-cold-start both
Set Authentication
switch(config)#event
failure event type
authentication-failure both
[Systemlog|SMTP|Both]
event
authentication-failure
G
[Systemlog|SMTP|Both]
42
event
G
X-ring-topology-change
Set X-ring topology
switch(config)#event
changed event type
X-ring-topology-change both
Set port event for
switch(config)#interface
system log
fastethernet 3
[Systemlog|SMTP|Both]
event systemlog
I
[Link-UP|Link-Down|Bot
h]
switch(config-if)#event systemlog
both
event smtp
I
[Link-UP|Link-Down|Bot
Set port event for
switch(config)#interface
SMTP
fastethernet 3
switch(config-if)#event smtp both
h]
show event
P
Show event selection switch#show event
no event
G
Disable cold start
switch(config)#no event
event type
device-cold-start
device-cold-start
no event
G
authentication-failure
no event
G
X-ring-topology-change
Disable Authentication switch(config)#no event
failure event typ
authentication-failure
Disable X-ring
switch(config)#no event
topology changed
X-ring-topology-change
event type
no event systemlog
I
Disable port event for switch(config)#interface
system log
fastethernet 3
switch(config-if)#no event
systemlog
no event smpt
I
Disable port event for switch(config)#interface
fastethernet 3
SMTP
switch(config-if)#no event smtp
show systemlog
P
Show system log client switch#show systemlog
& server information
SNTP Commands Set
Commands
sntp enable
Level Description
G
Example
Enable SNTP function switch(config)#sntp enable
43
sntp daylight
G
Enable daylight saving switch(config)#sntp daylight
time, if SNTP function
is inactive, this
command can’t be
applied.
sntp daylight-period
G
[Start time] [End time]
Set period of daylight
switch(config)# sntp
saving time, if SNTP
daylight-period 20060101-01:01
function is inactive,
20060202-01-01
this command can’t be
applied.
Parameter format:
[yyyymmdd-hh:mm]
sntp daylight-offset
G
[Minute]
Set offset of daylight
switch(config)#sntp
saving time, if SNTP
daylight-offset 3
function is inactive,
this command can’t be
applied.
sntp ip
G
[IP]
Set SNTP server IP, if switch(config)#sntp ip 192.169.1.1
SNTP function is
inactive, this command
can’t be applied.
sntp timezone
G
[Timezone]
Set timezone index,
switch(config)#sntp timezone 22
use ‘show sntp
timzezone’ command
to get more
information of index
number
show sntp
P
Show SNTP
switch#show sntp
information
show sntp timezone
P
Show index number of switch#show sntp timezone
time zone list
no sntp
G
Disable SNTP function switch(config)#no sntp
44
no sntp daylight
G
Disable daylight saving switch(config)#no sntp daylight
time
X-ring Commands Set
Commands
Level Description
Example
Xring enable
G
Enable X-ring
switch(config)#Xring enable
Xring master
G
Enable ring master
switch(config)#Xring master
Xring couplering
G
Enable couple ring
switch(config)#Xring couplering
Xring dualhoming
G
Enable dual homing
switch(config)#Xring dualhoming
Xring ringport
G
Configure 1st/2nd
switch(config)#Xring ringport 7 8
[1st Ring Port] [2nd Ring
Ring Port
Port]
Xring couplingport
G
[Coupling Port]
Xring controlport
Configure Coupling
switch(config)#Xring couplingport
Port
1
G
Configure Control Port switch(config)#Xring controlport 2
G
Configure Dual
switch(config)#Xring homingport
Homing Port
3
Show the information
switch#show Xring
[Control Port]
Xring homingport
[Dual Homing Port]
show Xring
P
of X - Ring
no Xring
G
Disable X-ring
switch(config)#no X ring
no Xring master
G
Disable ring master
switch(config)# no Xring master
no Xring couplering
G
Disable couple ring
switch(config)# no Xring
couplering
no Xring dualhoming
G
Disable dual homing
switch(config)# no Xring
dualhoming
45
Web-Based Management
This section introduces the configuration and functions of the Web-Based management.
About Web-based Management
On the CPU board of the switch there is an embedded HTML web site residing in flash
memory, which offers advanced management features and allow users to manage the
switch from anywhere on the network through a standard browser such as Microsoft
Internet Explorer.
The Web-Based Management supports Internet Explorer 6.0. And, it is applied with Java
Applets for reducing network bandwidth consumption, enhance access speed and
present an easy viewing screen.
Preparing for Web Management
Before using web management, user can use console to login the switch to check the
default IP of the switch. Please refer to Console Management Chapter for console login.
If user needs to change IP address for the first time, user can use console mode to
modify it. The default value is as below:
IP Address: 192.168.1.77
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway: 192.168.1.254
User Name: root
Password: root
System Login
Launch the Internet Explorer.
46
Key in “http://” + “IP Address” of the Switch, and then press “Enter”
Login screen will appear right after
Key in the user name and password. The default user name and password is “root”
Click “Enter” or” OK”, then the home screen of the Web-based management
appears right after
Note: The web interface features shown below are introduced by the screen
displays of 8 10/100 TX + 2 10/100/1000T/Mini-GBIC Combo (MIL-SM8TXAF2GPA)
model. Unless specifically identified, the all of the screen displays are suitable for
the models in this manual.
Main interface
System Information
Assign the system name and location and view the system information
System Name: Assign the system name of the switch (The maximum length is 64
bytes)
47
System Location: Assign the switch physical location (The maximum length is 64
bytes)
System Description: Displays the description of switch(Read only cannot be
modified)
Firmware Version: Displays the switch’s firmware version
Kernel Version: Displays the kernel software version
MAC Address: Displays the unique hardware address assigned by manufacturer
(default)
And than, click
Apply
System Information interface
IP Configuration
User can configure the IP Settings and DHCP client function
DHCP: Disable or enable the DHCP client function
IP Address: Assign the switch IP address. The default IP is 192.168.1.77
Subnet Mask: Assign the switch IP subnet mask
Gateway: Assign the switch gateway. The default value is 192.168.1.254
DNS1: The abbreviation of Domain Name Server—an Internet service that
translates domain name into IP addresses. Domain name are alphabetic which
48
are easy to be remembered. Because the Internet is based on IP address; every
time you use a domain name, therefore, a DNS service must translate the name
into the corresponding IP address. For example, the domain name www.net.com
might translate to 192.168.1.1
DNS2: The backup for DNS1. When DNS1 cannot function, DNS2 will then replace
DNS1 immediately
And than, click
Apply
Save after assigning the IP address
IP Configuration interface
DHCP Configuration
DHCP is the abbreviation of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol that is a protocol for
assigning dynamic IP addresses to devices on a network. With dynamic addressing, a
device can have a different IP address every time it connects to the network. In some
systems, the device's IP address can even change while it is still connected. DHCP also
supports a mix of static and dynamic IP addresses. Dynamic addressing simplifies
network administration because the software keeps track of IP addresses rather than
requiring an administrator to manage the task. This means that a new computer can be
added to a network without the hassle of manually assigning it a unique IP address.
49
DHCP Server Configuration
The system provides the DHCP server function. Enable the DHCP server function, the
switch system will be a DHCP server.
DHCP Server: Enable or Disable the DHCP Server function. Enable—the switch will
be the DHCP server on your local network
Low IP Address: The dynamic IP range. Low IP address is the beginning of the
dynamic IP range. For example: dynamic IP range is from 192.168.1.100 ~
192.168.1.200. In contrast, 192.168.1.100 is the Low IP address
High IP Address: The dynamic IP range. High IP address is the end of the dynamic
IP range. For example: dynamic IP range is from 192.168.1.100 ~ 192.168.1.200. In
comparison, 192.168.1.200 is the High IP address
Subnet Mask: The dynamic IP assign range subnet mask
Gateway: The gateway in your network
DNS: The IP Address of the Domain Name Server in your network
Lease Time (sec): It is the time period that system will reset the dynamic IP
assignment to ensure the dynamic IP will not been occupied for a long time or the
server doesn’t know that the dynamic IP is idle
DHCP Server Configuration interface
50
DHCP Client Entries
When the DHCP server function is active, the system will collect the DHCP client
information and display it here.
DHCP Client Entries interface
Port and IP Bindings
Assign the dynamic IP address to the port. When the device is connecting to the port and
asks for IP assigning, the system will assign the IP address that has been assigned
before to the connected device.
51
Port and IP Bindings interface
TFTP - Update Firmware
It provides the functions that allow user to update the switch firmware. Before updating,
make sure the TFTP server is ready and the firmware image is on the TFTP server.
TFTP Server IP Address: Key in the TFTP server IP
Firmware File Name: The name of firmware image
And then, click
Apply
Update Firmware interface
52
TFTP - Restore Configuration
Restore EEPROM value from TFTP server
TFTP Server IP Address: Key in the TFTP server IP
Restore File Name: Key in the restore file image name
And then, click
Apply
Restore Configuration interface
TFTP - Backup Configuration
Save current EEPROM value from the switch to TFTP server, then go to the TFTP
restore configuration page to restore the EEPROM value.
TFTP Server IP Address: Key in the TFTP server IP
Backup File Name: Key in the file image name
And then, click
Apply
Backup Configuration interface
53
System Event Log Configuration
Configure the system event mode, which you want to collect, and system log server IP.
System Log Client Mode: Select the system log mode – client only, server only, or
both S/C
System Log Server IP Address: Assign the system log server IP
Click
Reload
Click
Clear
to refresh the events log
to clear all current events log
System Log Configuration interface
54
System Event Log - SMTP Configuration
You can set up the mail server IP, mail account, account password, and forwarded email
account for receiving the event alert.
Email Alert: enable or disable the email alert function.
SMTP Server IP: set up the mail server IP address (when Email Alert enabled, this
function will then be available).
Sender: key in a complete email address, e.g. switch101@123.com, to identify
where the event log comes from.
Authentication: mark the check box to enable and configure the email account and
password for authentication (when Email Alert enabled, this function will then be
available).
Mail Account: set up the email account, e.g. johnadmin, to receive the alert. It must
be an existing email account on the mail server, which you had set up in SMTP
Server IP Address column.
Password: The email account password.
Confirm Password: reconfirm the password.
Rcpt e-mail Address 1 ~ 6: you can assign up to 6 e-mail accounts also to receive
the alert.
Click Apply .
55
SMTP Configuration interface
System Event Log - Event Configuration
Select the system log and SMTP events. When selected events occur, the system will
result the log information. Also, per port log and SMTP events can be selected.
System event selection: 4 selections – Device cold start, Device warm start,
SNMP Authentication Failure, and X - ring topology change. Mark the checkbox to
select the event. When selected events occur, the system will produce the logs
Device cold start: When the device executes cold start action, the system will
produce a log event
Device warm start: When the device executes warm start, the system will
produce a log event
Authentication Failure: When the SNMP authentication fails, the system will
56
produce a log event
X-Ring topology change: When the X-ring topology has changed, the system
will produce a log event
And then, click
Apply
Event Configuration interface
Port event selection: Select the per port events and per port SMTP events. It has 3
selections – Link UP, Link Down, and Link UP & Link Down. Disable means no
event is selected
Link UP: The system will result a log message when port connection is up only
Link Down: The system will result a log message when port connection is
down only
57
Link UP & Link Down: The system will result a log message when port
connection is up and down
SNTP Configuration
You can configure the SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) settings. The SNTP allows
you to synchronize switch clocks in the Internet.
1.
SNTP Client: enable or disable SNTP function to get the time from the SNTP
server.
2.
Daylight Saving Time: enable or disable daylight saving time function. When
daylight saving time is enabling, you need to configure the daylight saving time
period.
3.
UTC Timezone: set the switch location time zone. The following table lists the
different location time zone for your reference.
Local Time Zone
Conversion from UTC
Time at 12:00 UTC
November Time Zone
- 1 hour
11am
Oscar Time Zone
-2 hours
10 am
ADT - Atlantic Daylight
-3 hours
9 am
-4 hours
8 am
-5 hours
7 am
-6 hours
6 am
-7 hours
5 am
AST - Atlantic Standard
EDT - Eastern Daylight
EST - Eastern Standard
CDT - Central Daylight
CST - Central Standard
MDT - Mountain Daylight
MST - Mountain
Standard
58
PDT - Pacific Daylight
PST - Pacific Standard
-8 hours
4 am
-9 hours
3 am
-10 hours
2 am
-11 hours
1 am
+1 hour
1 pm
+2 hours
2 pm
+3 hours
3 pm
ZP4 - USSR Zone 3
+4 hours
4 pm
ZP5 - USSR Zone 4
+5 hours
5 pm
ZP6 - USSR Zone 5
+6 hours
6 pm
+7 hours
7 pm
+8 hours
8 pm
+9 hours
9 pm
+10 hours
10 pm
ADT - Alaskan Daylight
ALA - Alaskan Standard
HAW - Hawaiian
Standard
Nome, Alaska
CET - Central European
FWT - French Winter
MET - Middle European
MEWT - Middle
European Winter
SWT - Swedish Winter
EET - Eastern European,
USSR Zone 1
BT - Baghdad, USSR
Zone 2
WAST - West Australian
Standard
CCT - China Coast,
USSR Zone 7
JST - Japan Standard,
USSR Zone 8
EAST - East Australian
59
Standard GST
Guam Standard, USSR
Zone 9
IDLE - International Date
Line
NZST - New Zealand
+12 hours
Midnight
Standard
NZT - New Zealand
4.
SNTP Sever URL: set the SNTP server IP address.
5.
Daylight Saving Period: set up the Daylight Saving beginning time and Daylight
Saving ending time. Both will be different in every year.
6.
Daylight Saving Offset (mins): set up the offset time.
7.
Switch Timer: Displays the switch current time.
8.
Click Apply .
SNTP Configuration interface
60
IP Security
IP security function allows user to assign 10 specific IP addresses that have permission
to access the switch through the web browser for the securing switch management.
IP Security Mode: when this option is in Enable mode, the Enable HTTP Server
and Enable Telnet Server check boxes will then be available.
Enable HTTP Server: when this check box is checked, the IP addresses among
Security IP1 ~ IP10 will be allowed to access via HTTP service.
Enable Telnet Server: when checked, the IP addresses among Security IP1 ~ IP10
will be allowed to access via telnet service.
Security IP 1 ~ 10: Assign up to 10 specific IP address. Only these 10 IP address
can access and manage the switch through the Web browser
And then, click
Note
Apply
button to apply the configuration
Remember to execute the ‘Save Configuration’ action, otherwise the new
configuration will lose when switch power off.
61
IP Security interface
User Authentication
You can change login user name and password for the management security issue
1.
User name: Key in the new user name (The default is ‘root’)
2.
Password: Key in the new password (The default is ‘root’)
3.
Confirm password: Re-type the new password
4.
And then, click
Apply
User Authentication interface
62
Port Statistics
The following information provides the current port statistic information.
Port: The port number.
Type: Displays the current speed of connection to the port.
Link: The status of linking—‘Up’ or ‘Down’.
State: It’s set by Port Control. When the state is disabled, the port will not transmit
or receive any packet.
Tx Good Packet: The counts of transmitting good packets via this port.
Tx Bad Packet: The counts of transmitting bad packets (including undersize [less
than 64 bytes], oversize, CRC Align errors, fragments and jabbers packets) via this
port.
Rx Good Packet: The counts of receiving good packets via this port.
Rx Bad Packet: The counts of receiving bad packets (including undersize [less than
64 bytes], oversize, CRC error, fragments and jabbers) via this port.
Tx Abort Packet: The aborted packet while transmitting.
Packet Collision: The counts of collision packet.
Packet Dropped: The counts of dropped packet.
Rx Bcast Packet: The counts of broadcast packet.
Rx Mcast Packet: The counts of multicast packet.
Click
Clear
button to clean all counts.
Port Statistics interface
63
Port Control
In Port control, you can view every port status that depends on user setting and the
negotiation result.
1.
Port: select the port that you want to configure.
2.
State: Current port status. The port can be set to disable or enable mode. If the port
setting is disable then will not receive or transmit any packet.
3.
Negotiation: set auto negotiation status of port.
4.
Speed: set the port link speed.
5.
Duplex: set full-duplex or half-duplex mode of the port.
6.
Flow Control: set flow control function as Enable or Disable in Full Duplex mode.
The default value is Enable.
7.
Security: When its state is ‘On’ that means this port accepts only one MAC address
which was configured to be a static MAC address.
8.
Click Apply .
Port Control interface
64
Port Trunk
The Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) provides a standardized means for
exchanging information between Partner Systems on a link to allow their Link
Aggregation Control instances to reach agreement on the identity of the Link
Aggregation Group to which the link belongs, move the link to that Link Aggregation
Group, and enable its transmission and reception functions in an orderly manner. Link
aggregation lets you group up to 4 ports into one dedicated connection. This feature can
expand bandwidth to a device on the network. LACP operation requires full-duplex
mode, for more detail information please refer to IEEE 802.3ad.
Port Trunk - Aggregator setting
1.
System Priority: A value used to identify the active LACP. The switch with the
lowest value has the highest priority and is selected as the active LACP.
2.
Group ID: There are four trunk groups to provide configuration. Choose the "Group
ID" and click Select .
3.
LACP: If enable, the group is LACP static trunk group. If disable, the group is local
static trunk group. All ports support LACP dynamic trunk group. While connecting to
the device that also supports LACP, the LACP dynamic trunk group will be created
automatically.
4.
Work ports: Allow up to four ports to be aggregated at the same time. With LACP
static trunk group, the exceed ports are standby and can be aggregated later if work
ports fail. If it is local static trunk group, the number of ports must be the same as the
group member ports.
5.
Select the ports to join the trunk group. Click
Add
button to add the port. To
remove unwanted ports, select the port and click Remove button.
6.
If LACP enable, you can configure LACP Active/Passive status in each ports on
State Activity page.
7.
Click Apply .
65
8.
Use Delete button to delete Trunk Group. Select the Group ID and click Delete
button.
Port Trunk—Aggregator Setting interface
Port Trunk - Aggregator Information
When you have setup the aggregator setting with LACP disabled, you will see the local
static trunk group information here.
66
Port Trunk – Aggregator Information interface
Port Trunk - State Activity
When you had setup the LACP aggregator, you can configure port state activity. You can
mark or un-mark the port. When you mark the port and click
Apply
button the port
state activity will change to Active. Opposite is Passive.
Active: The port automatically sends LACP protocol packets.
Passive: The port does not automatically send LACP protocol packets, and
responds only if it receives LACP protocol packets from the opposite device.
Note
1. A link has either two active LACP ports or one active port can perform
dynamic LACP trunk.
2. A link has two passive LACP ports will not perform dynamic LACP trunk
because both ports are waiting for an LACP protocol packet from the
opposite device.
3. If you are active LACP’s actor, after you have selected trunk port, the active
status will be created automatically.
67
Port Trunk – State Activity interface
Port Mirroring
The Port mirroring is a method for monitor traffic in switched networks. Traffic through
ports can be monitored via one specific port. That means traffic goes in or out monitored
(source) ports will be duplicated into mirror (destination) port.
Destination Port: You can select one port to be the destination (mirror) port for
monitoring both RX and TX traffic which come from source port. Or, use one of two
ports for monitoring RX traffic only and the other one for TX traffic only. User can
connect mirror port to LAN analyzer or Netxray
Source Port: The ports that user wants to monitor. All monitored port traffic will be
copied to mirror (destination) port. User can select multiple source ports by checking
the RX or TX check boxes to be monitored.
And then, click
Apply
button.
68
Port Trunk – Port Mirroring interface
Rate Limiting
You can set up every port’s bandwidth rate and frame limitation type.
Ingress Limit Frame type: Select the frame type you want to filter. The frame types
have 4 options for selecting: All, Broadcast/Multicast/Flooded Unicast,
Broadcast/Multicast and Broadcast only.
Broadcast/Multicast/Flooded Unicast, Broadcast/Multicast and Bbroadcast
only types are only for ingress frames. The egress rate only supports All type.
69
Rate Limiting interface
All the ports support port ingress and egress rate control. For example, assume port
1 is 10Mbps, users can set it’s effective egress rate as 1Mbps, ingress rate as
500Kbps. The switch performs the ingress rate by packet counter to meet the
specified rate
Ingress: Enter the port effective ingress rate (The default value is ‘0’)
Egress: Enter the port effective egress rate (The default value is ‘0’)
And then, click
Apply
to apply the settings
VLAN configuration
A Virtual LAN (VLAN) is a logical network grouping that limits the broadcast domain,
which would allow you to isolate network traffic, so only the members of the same VLAN
will receive traffic from each other. Basically, creating a VLAN from a switch is logically
equivalent of reconnecting a group of network devices to another Layer 2 switch.
70
However, all the network devices are still plugged into the same switch physically.
The switch supports port-based and 802.1Q (tagged-based) VLAN. The default
configuration of VLAN operation mode is ‘Disable’.
VLAN Configuration interface
VLAN configuration - Port-based VLAN
Packets can go among only members of the same VLAN group. Note all unselected
ports are treated as belonging to another single VLAN. If the port-based VLAN enabled,
the VLAN-tagging is ignored.
In order for an end station to send packets to different VLAN groups, it itself has to be
either capable of tagging packets it sends with VLAN tags or attached to a VLAN-aware
bridge that is capable of classifying and tagging the packet with different VLAN ID based
on not only default PVID but also other information about the packet, such as the
protocol.
71
VLAN – Port Based interface
Click Add to add a new VLAN group (The maximum VLAN group is up to 256
VLAN groups)
Entering the VLAN name, group ID and grouping the members of VLAN group
And then, click
Apply
72
VLAN—Port Based Add interface
You will see the VLAN displays.
Use
Delete
Use Edit
Note
button to delete unwanted VLAN.
button to modify existing VLAN group.
Remember to execute the ‘Save Configuration’ action, otherwise the new
configuration will lose when switch power off.
73
802.1Q VLAN
Tagged-based VLAN is an IEEE 802.1Q specification standard. Therefore, it is possible
to create a VLAN across devices from different switch venders. IEEE 802.1Q VLAN uses
a technique to insert a “tag” into the Ethernet frames. Tag contains a VLAN Identifier
(VID) that indicates the VLAN numbers.
You can create Tag-based VLAN, and enable or disable GVRP protocol. There are 256
VLAN groups to provide configuring. Enable 802.1Q VLAN, the all ports on the switch
belong to default VLAN, VID is 1. The default VLAN can’t be deleted.
GVRP allows automatic VLAN configuration between the switch and nodes. If the switch
is connected to a device with GVRP enabled, you can send a GVRP request using the
VID of a VLAN defined on the switch; the switch will automatically add that device to the
existing VLAN.
74
802.1q VLAN interface
802.1Q Configuration
1.
Enable GVRP Protocol: Mark the check box to enable GVRP protocol.
2.
Select the port that you want to configure.
3.
Link Type:
Access Link: Single switch only, allows user to group ports by setting the same
VID to those ports.
Trunk Link: The extended application of Access Link. While the ports are set
in this type, they can forward the packets with specified tag among the switches
which are included in the same VLAN group.
Hybrid Link: Both Access Link and Trunk Link are available.
75
4.
Untagged VID: Assign the untagged frame VID.
5.
Tagged VID: Assign the tagged frame VID.
6.
Click
Apply
Group Configuration
Edit the existing VLAN Group.
1.
Select the VLAN group in the table list.
2.
Click
Apply
Group Configuration interface
3.
You can Change the VLAN group name and VLAN ID.
4.
Click Apply .
76
Group Configuration interface
Rapid Spanning Tree
The Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) is an evolution of the Spanning Tree Protocol
and provides for faster spanning tree convergence after a topology change. The system
also supports STP and the system will automatically detect the connected device that is
running STP or RSTP protocol.
RSTP - System Configuration
User can view spanning tree information about the Root Bridge
User can modify RSTP state. After modification, click
Apply
button
RSTP mode: User must enable or disable RSTP function before configuring
the related parameters
Priority (0-61440): A value used to identify the root bridge. The bridge with the
lowest value has the highest priority and is selected as the root. If the value
changes, user must reboot the switch. The value must be multiple of 4096
according to the protocol standard rule
77
Max Age (6-40): The number of seconds a bridge waits without receiving
Spanning-tree
Protocol
configuration
messages
before
attempting
a
reconfiguration. Enter a value between 6 through 40
Hello Time (1-10): The time that controls switch sends out the BPDU packet to
check RSTP current status. Enter a value between 1 through 10
Forward Delay Time (4-30): The number of seconds a port waits before
changing from its Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol learning and listening STP
states to the forwarding state. Enter a value between 4 through 30
Note
Follow the rule to configure the MAX Age, Hello Time, and Forward Delay
Time.
2 x (Forward Delay Time value – 1) > = Max Age value >= 2 x (Hello
Time value +1)
RSTP System Configuration interface
78
RSTP - Port Configuration
You can configure the path cost and priority of every port.
1.
Select the port in Port column.
2.
Path Cost: The cost of the path to the other bridge from this transmitting bridge at the
specified port. Enter a number 1 through 200000000.
3.
Priority: Decide which port should be blocked by priority in LAN. Enter a number 0
through 240. The value of priority must be the multiple of 16.
4.
P2P: Some of the rapid state transactions that are possible within RSTP are dependent
upon whether the port concerned can only be connected to exactly one other bridge (i.e.
it is served by a point-to-point LAN segment), or can be connected to two or more
bridges (i.e. it is served by a shared medium LAN segment). This function allows the P2P
status of the link to be manipulated administratively. True is P2P enabling. False is P2P
disabling.
5.
Edge: The port directly connected to end stations cannot create bridging loop in the
network. To configure the port as an edge port, set the port to “True” status.
6.
Non STP: The state of whether the port includes the STP mathematic calculation. True
is not including STP mathematic calculation. False is including the STP mathematic
calculation.
7.
Click Apply .
79
RSTP Port Configuration interface
SNMP Configuration
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is the protocol developed to manage
nodes (servers, workstations, routers, switches and hubs etc.) on an IP network. SNMP
enables network administrators to manage network performance, find and solve network
problems, and plan for network growth. Network management systems learn of problems
by receiving traps or change notices from network devices implementing SNMP.
System Configuration
Community Strings
Here you can define new community string set and remove unwanted community string.
80
1.
String: Fill the name of string.
2.
RO: Read only. Enables requests accompanied by this string to display MIB-object
information.
3.
RW: Read & write. Enables requests accompanied by this string to display
MIB-object information and to set MIB objects.
1.
Click Add .
2.
To remove the community string, select the community string that you have defined
and click Remove . You cannot edit the name of the default community strings.
Agent Mode: Select the SNMP version that you want to use it. And then click
Change
to switch to the selected SNMP version mode.
SNMP System Configuration interface
81
Trap Configuration
A trap manager is a management station that receives traps and the system alerts
generated by the switch. If no trap manager is defined, no traps will issue. Create a trap
manager by entering the IP address of the station and a community string. To define
management stations as trap manager, enter SNMP community strings and selects the
SNMP version.
1. IP Address: Enter the IP address of trap manager.
2. Community: Enter the community string.
3. Trap Version: Select the SNMP trap version type – v1 or v2c.
4. Click Add .
5. To remove the community string, select the community string that you have defined
and click Remove . You cannot edit the name of the default community string set.
Trap Managers interface
SNMPV3 Configuration
82
Configure the SNMP V3 function.
Context Table
Configure SNMP v3 context table. Assign the context name of context table. Click
to add context name. Click
Remove
to remove unwanted context name.
User Profile
Configure SNMP v3 user table.
User ID: Set up the user name.
Authentication Password: Set up the authentication password.
Privacy Password: Set up the private password.
Click
Click
Add
to add context name.
Remove
to remove unwanted context name.
83
Add
SNMP V3 configuration interface
84
Group Table
Configure SNMP v3 group table.
Security Name (User ID): Assign the user name that you have set up in user table.
Group Name: Set up the group name.
Click
Click
Add
to add context name.
Remove
to remove unwanted context name.
Access Table
Configure SNMP v3 access table.
Context Prefix: Set up the context name.
Group Name: Set up the group.
Security Level: Set up the access level.
Context Match Rule: Select the context match rule.
Read View Name: Set up the read view.
Write View Name: Set up the write view.
Notify View Name: Set up the notify view.
Click
Click
Add
to add context name.
Remove
to remove unwanted context name.
MIBview Table
Configure MIB view table.
ViewName: Set up the name.
Sub-Oid Tree: Fill the Sub OID.
Type: Select the type – exclude or included.
85
Click
Click
Add
to add context name.
Remove
to remove unwanted context name.
QoS Configuration
You can configure QoS policy and priority setting, per port priority setting, COS and TOS
setting.
QoS Policy and Priority Type
Qos Policy: select the QoS policy rule.
Using the 8,4,2,1 weight fair queue scheme: The switch will follow 8:4:2:1
rate to process priority queue from High to lowest queue. For example, when
the system processes, 1 frame of the lowest queue, 2 frames of the low queue,
4 frames of the middle queue, and 8 frames of the high queue will be processed
at the same time in accordance with the 8,4,2,1 policy rule.
Use the strict priority scheme: Always higher queue will be process first,
except higher queue is empty.
Priority Type: There are 5 priority type selections available. Disable means no
priority type is selected.
Port-base: The port priority will follow the Port-base that you have assigned – High,
middle, low, or lowest.
COS only: The port priority will only follow the COS priority that you have
assigned.
TOS only: The port priority will only follow the TOS priority that you have
assigned.
COS first: The port priority will follow the COS priority first, and then other
priority rule.
TOS first: the port priority will follow the TOS priority first, and the other priority
86
rule.
Click Apply .
QoS Configuration interface
87
Port Base Priority
Configure per port priority level.
Port: Each port has 4 priority levels – High, Middle, Low, and Lowest.
Click Apply .
COS Configuration
Set up the COS priority level.
COS priority: Set up the COS priority level 0~7 –High, Middle, Low, Lowest.
Click Apply .
TOS Configuration
Set up the TOS priority.
TOS priority: The system provides 0~63 TOS priority level. Each level has 4 types
of priority – high, middle, low, and lowest. The default value is ‘Lowest’ priority for each
level. When the IP packet is received, the system will check the TOS level value in the
IP packet that has received. For example, user set the TOS level 25 as high, the system
will check the TOS value of the received IP packet. If the TOS value of received IP
packet is 25 (priority = high), and then the packet priority will have highest priority.
Click Apply .
IGMP Configuration
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is an internal protocol of the Internet
Protocol (IP) suite. IP manages multicast traffic by using switches, routers, and hosts
88
that support IGMP. Enabling IGMP allows the ports to detect IGMP queries and report
packets and manage IP multicast traffic through the switch. IGMP have three
fundamental types of message as follows:
Message
Query
Description
A message sent from the querier (IGMP router or switch)
asking for a response from each host belonging to the
multicast group.
A message sent by a host to the querier to indicate that the
Report
host wants to be or is a member of a given group indicated in
the report message.
Leave
A message sent by a host to the querier to indicate that the
Group
host has quit being a member of a specific multicast group.
The switch supports IP multicast. You can enable IGMP protocol via setting IGMP
configuration page to see the IGMP snooping information. IP multicast addresses are in
the range of 224.0.0.0 through 239.255.255.255.
IGMP Protocol: Enable or disable the IGMP protocol.
IGMP Query: Select the IGMP query function as Enable or Auto to set the switch as
a querier for IGMP version 2 multicast networks.
Click Apply .
89
IGMP Configuration interface
90
X-Ring
X-Ring provides a faster redundant recovery than Spanning Tree topology. The action is
similar to STP or RSTP, but the algorithms not the same.
In the X-Ring topology, every switch should enable X-Ring function and assign two
member ports in the ring. Only one switch in the X-Ring group would be set as a master
switch that would be blocked, called backup port, and another port is called working port.
Other switches in the X-Ring group are called working switches and their two member
ports are called working ports. When the failure of network connection occurs, the
backup port will automatically become a working port to recovery the failure.
The switch supports the function and interface for setting the switch as the ring master or
slave mode. The ring master can negotiate and place command to other switches in the
X-Ring group. If there are 2 or more switches in master mode, then software will select
the switch with lowest MAC address number as the ring master. The X-Ring master ring
mode will be enabled by the X-Ring configuration interface. Also, user can identify the
switch as the ring master from the R.M. LED panel of the LED panel on the switch.
The system also supports the coupling ring that can connect 2 or more X-Ring group for
the redundant backup function and dual homing function that prevent connection lose
between X-Ring group and upper level/core switch.
Enable X-Ring: Enable the X-Ring function. Mark the check box to enable the
X-Ring function.
Enable Ring Master: Mark the check box to enable this machine to be the ring
master.
1st & 2nd Ring Ports: Pull down the selection menu to assign two ports as the
member ports. The 1st Ring Port and 2nd Ring Port are basically assigned to be
forwarding ports except for the Ring Master switch. With the Ring Master switch,
one of its two Ring Ports is the blocking port and another one is the forwarding port.
91
Once its forwarding port fails, the system will automatically upgrade its blocking port
to be the forwarding port of the Ring Master switch.
Enable Coupling Ring: Enable the coupling ring function. Mark the check box to
enable the coupling ring function.
Coupling port: Assign the member port which is connected to the other ring group.
Control port: When Couple Ring check box is marked, you have to assign the
control port to form a couple-ring group between the two X-rings.
Enable Dual Homing: Set up one of the ports on the switch to be the Dual Homing
port. For a switch, there is only one Dual Homing port. Dual Homing function only
works when the X-Ring function enabled.
And then, click
Apply
to apply the configuration.
X-ring Interface
Note
When the X-Ring function enable, user must disable the RSTP. The X-Ring
function and RSTP function cannot exist in a switch at the same time.
Remember to execute the ‘Save Configuration’ action, otherwise the new
configuration will lose when switch power off.
92
Security
In this section, you can configure 802.1x and MAC address table.
802.1X/Radius Configuration
802.1x is an IEEE authentication specification prevents the client from connecting to a
wireless access point or wired switch until it provides authority, like the user name and
password that are verified by an authentication server.
System Configuration
After enabling the IEEE 802.1X function, you can configure the parameters of this
function.
1.
IEEE 802.1x Protocol: Enable or disable 802.1x protocol.
2.
Radius Server IP: Set the Radius Server IP address.
3.
Server Port: Set the UDP destination port for authentication requests to the
specified Radius Server.
4.
Accounting Port: Set the UDP destination port for accounting requests to the
specified Radius Server.
5.
Shared Key: Set an encryption key for using during authentication sessions with the
specified radius server. This key must match the encryption key used on the Radius
Server.
6.
NAS, Identifier: Set the identifier for the radius client.
7.
Click Apply .
93
802.1x System Configuration interface
802.1x Per Port Configuration
You can configure 802.1x authentication state for each port. The State provides Disable,
Accept, Reject and Authorize. Hit “Space” key to change the state value.
Reject: The specified port is required to be held in the unauthorized state.
Accept: The specified port is required to be held in the Authorized state.
Authorized: The specified port is set to the Authorized or Unauthorized state in
accordance with the outcome of an authentication exchange between the supplicant
and the authentication server.
Disable: When disabled, the specified port works without meeting 802.1x protocol.
Click Apply .
94
802.1x Per Port Setting interface
Misc Configuration
1.
Quiet Period: Set the period which the port doesn’t try to acquire a supplicant.
2.
TX Period: Set the period the port waits for retransmit next EAPOL PDU during an
authentication session.
3.
Supplicant Timeout: Set the period of time the switch waits for a supplicant
response to an EAP request.
4.
Server Timeout: Set the period of time the switch waits for a server response to an
authentication request.
5.
Max Requests: Set the number of authentication that must time-out before
authentication fails and the authentication session ends.
6.
Reauth period: Set the period of time which clients connected must be
re-authenticated.
95
7.
Click Apply .
802.1x Misc Configuration interface
MAC Address Table
Use the MAC address table to ensure the port security.
Static MAC Address
You can add a static MAC address; it remains in the switch's address table, regardless of
whether the device is physically connected to the switch. This saves the switch from
having to re-learn a device's MAC address when the disconnected or powered-off device
is active on the network again. You can add/ modify/delete a static MAC address.
Add the Static MAC Address
You can add static MAC address in the switch MAC table.
1.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address of the port that should permanently forward
traffic regardless of the device network activity.
2.
Port No.: Pull down the selection menu to select the port number.
96
3.
Click
4.
If you want to delete the MAC address from filtering table, select the MAC address
Add
.
and click Delete .
Static MAC Addresses interface
MAC Filtering
By filtering MAC address, the switch can easily filter pre-configured MAC address and
reduce the un-safety. You can add and delete filtering MAC address.
97
MAC Filtering interface
1.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC address that you want to filter.
2.
Click
3.
If you want to delete the MAC address from filtering table, select the MAC address
Add
.
and click Delete .
All MAC Addresses
You can view the port information of the connected device’s MAC address and related
devices’ MAC address.
1.
Select the port.
2.
The selected port of dynamic & static MAC address information will be displayed
here.
3.
Click
Clear MAC Table
to clear the current port static MAC address information on
screen.
98
All MAC Address interface
99
Power over Ethernet
This segment shows the Power over Ethernet function.
PoE Status
Maximum Power Available: Displays the maximum power supply in Watt.
Actual Power Consumption: This column shows the real-time total power
consumption.
Power Source: This column shows the power source which is supplying.
Power Source 1 (AC): This column shows the supplying power value of power
source 1.
Power Source 2 (AC+DC): This column shows the supplying power of power
source 2 (it depends on the model – only available on the MIL-SM8TXAF2GPA).
Firmware Version: This column shows the PoE chip’s firmware version.
AC Disconnect: Mark this check box to monitor the AC impedance on the port
terminals and removes power when the impedance rises above a certain value, for a
100
certain period (for details, see the IEEE 802.3af specification).
Capacitive Detection: If the port and capacitive detection are enabled, the
capacitances state reads in the voltage result from the constant current. This is the
subtracted from the pre-capacitance voltage to get a charge rate. If this charge rate
is within the window of the PD signatures, the device is considered to be discovered.
And then, click
Apply
to carry into effect.
Port: The index of PoE ports.
Enable State: Check it to enable the PoE function to the port.
Power Limit From: Check it to decide the power limit method.
Classification: When this check box is marked, the system will limit the power
supply to the powered device in accordance with the related class.
Legacy: Check it to support the legacy power devices.
Priority: Pull down the selection menu item to choose the priority of power
supplying.
Port Limit (<15400) mW: User can key in the power limit value which is under 15.4
Watts.
Mode: Displays the operating mode of the port.
Current (mA): Displays the operating current of the port.
Voltage (V): Displays the operating voltage of the port.
Power (mW): Displays the power consumption of the port.
Determined Class: Displays the PD’s class.
And then, click
Apply
to carry into effect.
Factory Default
Reset switch to default configuration. Click Reset
default value.
101
to reset all configurations to the
Factory Default interface
Save Configuration
Save all configurations that you have made in the system. To ensure the all configuration
will be saved. Click
Save
to save the all configuration to the flash memory.
Save Configuration interface
System Reboot
Reboot the switch in software reset. Click
Reboot
System Reboot interface
102
to reboot the system.
Troubleshooting
This section is intended to help solve the most common problems on the PoE Injector
Managed Switch.
Incorrect connections
The switch port can automatically detect straight or crossover cable when you link switch
with other Ethernet device. For the RJ-45 connector should use correct UTP or STP
cable, 10/100Mbps port use 2-pairs twisted cable and Gigabit 1000T port use 4 pairs
twisted cable. If the RJ-45 connector is not correctly pinned on right position then the link
will fail.
For fiber connection, please notice that fiber cable mode and fiber module
should be match.
Faulty or loose cables
Look for loose or obviously faulty connections. If they appear to be OK, make sure the
connections are snug. If that does not correct the problem, try a different cable.
Non-standard cables
Non-standard and miss-wired cables may cause numerous network collisions and other
network problem, and can seriously impair network performance. A category 5-cable
tester is a recommended tool for every 100Base-T network installation.
RJ-45 ports: use unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) or shield twisted-pair ( STP ) cable for
RJ-45 connections: 100
Category 3, 4 or 5 cable for 10Mbps connections, 100
Category 5 cable for 100Mbps connections, or 100
Category 5e/above cable for
1000Mbps connections. Also be sure that the length of any twisted-pair connection does
not exceed 100 meters (328 feet).
103
Improper Network Topologies
It is important to make sure that you have a valid network topology. Common topology
faults include excessive cable length and too many repeaters (hubs) between end nodes.
In addition, you should make sure that your network topology contains no data path
loops. Between any two ends nodes, there should be only one active cabling path at any
time. Data path loops will cause broadcast storms that will severely impact your network
performance.
Diagnosing LED Indicators
The switch can be easily monitored through panel indicators, which describes common
problems user may encounter and where user can find possible solutions, to assist in
identifying problems.
If the power indicator does not light on when the power cord is plugged in, you may have
a problem with power outlet, or power cord. However, if the Switch powers off after
running for a while; check for loose power connections, power losses, or surges at power
outlet. If the problem still cannot be resolved, please contact the local dealer for
assistance.
104
Technical Specification
This section provides the specifications of 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit copper/ Mini-GBIC
Combo with 8 PoE Injectors Managed Switch and the 8 10/100TX + 1
10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo with 4 PoE Injectors Managed Switch.
IEEE802.3 10BASE-T Ethernet
IEEE802.3u 100BASE-TX
IEEE802.3ab 1000Base-T
IEEE802.3z Gigabit fiber
IEEE802.3x Flow control and Back pressure
IEEE802.3ad Port trunk with LACP
IEEE802.3af Power over Ethernet
Standard
Cisco Legacy PD
IEEE802.1d Spanning Tree
IEEE802.1w Rapid spanning tree
IEEE802.1p Class of service
IEEE802.1Q VLAN Tag
IEEE 802.1x user authentication(Radius)
IEEE802.1ab LLDP** (for 8 10/100TX + 2 Gigabit
copper/Mini-GBIC Combo with 8 PoE Injectors Managed
Switch)
System Power: (Green)
10/100TX Port: Link/Activity (Green), 100Mbps (Green)
LED Indicators
Gigabit copper port: 1000Mbps (Green), Link/Activity
(Green)
Mini-GBIC: Link/Activity (Green)
PoE: FWD (Green)
105
Full-duplex/Collision ([Orange], 8 10/100TX + 1
10/100/1000T/100/1000 SFP Combo with 4 PoE
Injectors Managed Switch)
100Base-T: RJ-45 with auto MDI/MDI-X
Port 1~4 (4 PoE Injectors model)/
Port 1~8 (8 PoE Injectors model)
Connector
support POE injecting function
1000Base-T:RJ-45 with auto MDI/MDI-X
Gigabit fiber: Mini-GBIC socket
100M fiber: Mini-GBIC socket
Switch architecture
Back-plane
Store and forward switch architecture
System throughput up to 8.3Mpps
3.6Gbps (4 PoE Injectors model)
5.6Gbps (8 PoE Injectors model)
MAC address
8K MAC address table with Auto learning function
Flash ROM
4Mbytes
DRAM
32Mbytes
Packet Buffer
1Mbits for packet buffer
Power Supply
Power Consumption
100~240VAC
DC 48V (8 PoE Injectors model)
79Watts (4 PoE Injectors model)
106
135Watts (8 PoE Injectors model)
Ventilation
Operating
1 fan
0
~45
, 5%~95%RH
Temperature
Storage environment
-40
~70
, 95% RH
8 PoE Injectors model : 270mm(W) x 210mm(D) x
Dimensions
44mm(H)
4 PoE Injectors model: 217mm(W) x 140mm(D) x
43mm(H)
EMI
FCC Class A
CE
Safety
UL, cUL, CE/EN60950-1
** optional
107
Appendix
Console Port Pin Assignments
The DB-9 serial port on the switch is used to connect to the switch for out-of-band
console configuration. The console—command line interface can be accessed from a
terminal or a PC running a terminal emulation program. The pin assignments used to
connect to the serial port are provided in the following tables.
DB-9 Console Port Pin Numbers
DB-9 Port Pin Assignments
Switch’s
EIA Circuit
CCITT Signal
Description
DB9 DTE
Pin #
BB
104
BA
103
AB
102
RxD (Received
Data)
TxD (Transmitted
Data)
SGND (Signal
Ground)
108
PC DB9
DTE Pin #
2
2
3
3
5
5
Console Port to 9-Pin DTE Port on PC
Switch’s 9-Pin Serial
CCITT Signal PC’s
Port
9-Pin
2 RXD
DTE Port
---------RXD ------------
3 TxD
3 TXD
-----------TXD ---------
2 RxD
5 SGND
-----------SGND ----------
5 SGND
100BASE-TX/10BASE-T Pin Assignments
With 100BASE-TX/10BASE-T cable, pins 1 and 2 are used for transmitting data, and
pins 3 and 6 for receiving data; pins 4, 5, 7 and 8 are used for power supplying.
RJ-45 Pin Assignment of non-802.3af standard PD with
Midspan/Endspan POE HUB/SWITCH
Pin out of Cisco non-802.3af standard PD
Pin
Signal
1
RX+
2
RX-
3
TX+
4
VCC -
5
VCC -
6
TX-
7
VCC +
8
VCC +
109
Pin out of POE Midspan Hub/Switch
Pin
Signal / Name
1
RX+
2
RX-
3
TX+
4
VCC+
5
VCC+
6
TX-
7
VCC-
8
VCC-
Pin out of POE Endspan Hub/Switch
Pin
Signal / Name
1
TX+/VCC+
2
TX-/VCC+
3
TX+/VCC-
4
5
6
TX-/VCC-
7
8
Note
‘+’ and ‘-‘ signs represent the polarity of the wires that make up each wire pair.
Before you powered PD, please check the RJ-45 connector pin assignment
follow IEEE802.3af standard, otherwise you may need change one of the
RJ-45 connector pin assignment, which attached with the UTP cable.
All ports on this switch support automatic MDI/MDI-X operation, you can use
straight-through cables for all network connections to PCs or servers, or to other
switches or hubs. In straight-through cable, pins 1, 2, 3 and 6, at one end of the cable,
110
are connected straight through to pins 1, 2, 3 and 6 at the other end of the cable. The
table below shows the 10BASE-T/ 100BASE-TX MDI and MDI-X port pin outs.
Pin MDI-X
Signal Name
MDI Signal Name
1
Receive Data plus (RD+)
Transmit Data plus (TD+)
2
Receive Data minus (RD-)
Transmit Data minus (TD-)
3
Transmit Data plus (TD+)
Receive Data plus (RD+)
6
Transmit Data minus (TD-)
Receive Data minus (RD-)
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